This is the site for the Centro de linguística da Universidade de Lisboa, an interdisciplinary academic research centre that focuses on fostering scholarship in the field of theoretical and applied lingistics. It hosts a range of research projects, inlcuding: the descriptive grammar of contemporary European Portuguese; psichoanalytical and phonological research; textual criticism and textual research; and others. Each of the projects has its own detailed website to introduce it and its research staff in more detail. The site also allows access to a long list of online resources that show the variety of Portuguese research into linguistics. The corpuses include that of the dialectal corpus for the study of syntax, corpus of spoken Portugues; corpus of European Portuguese, a contrastive corpus between African and European Portuguese. The site also displays a bibliography of the work of its researchers and allows access to the Centre's institutional library. This is a particularly useful and informative site for theoretical and applied linguists, and for students of Portuguese lingustics.
English Language and Linguistics is a biannual journal which focuses on the description of the English language within the framework of contemporary linguistics. It covers a range of theoretical perspectives, including syntax; morphology; phonology; semantics; pragmatics; corpus linguistics; and lexis. The site has a link to Cambridge Journals Online, where free tables of contents and abstracts of articles, starting with volume 1, 1997, are provided. For registered users, there is the additional benefit of email alerting. The journal is available to institutions in print and electronic form, and to individuals in print only. Discounts are available to members of the European Society for the Study of English, the Linguistic Society of America, and the International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language.
'Francis Lodwick: a working bibliography' is a website created by the Centre for Early Modern Studies at the University of Oxford. The site's aim is to provide more detail about the seventeenth-century linguist and philosopher Francis Lodwick and to enable further study of his works in the absence of other detailed bibliographies. The site gives: a brief biography of Lodwick; a short explanation of the rationale behind the bibliography; and the bibliography itself. This resource sheds some light on a relatively neglected but important figure in English philosophical and linguistic thought, and would interest students and researchers working in: philosophy; English; and linguistics.
This online version of Edward Sapir's famous book presents his views on language, 'its variability in place and time', and 'its relations to other fundamental human interests - the problem of thought, the nature of the historical process, race, culture, art'. The book discusses important linguistic issues such as language and form; grammatical concepts and grammatical processes; the elements of speech; the sounds of language; language contact, variation and change; language, race and culture; language and literature. The book is a must for every student of linguistics. A detailed alphabetical index makes the online edition easy to use as a reference source.
Language Variation and Change is a journal dedicated exclusively to the study of linguistic variation. It focuses on variation in either oral or written data, from a synchronic or diachronic perspective. The journal is a valuable resource for sociologists, linguists, sociolinguists, psychologists, anthropologists, phonologists and dialectologists. The site gives an overview of the journal and guidelines for contributors. The site allows free access to one issue of the journal and abstracts to back issues from volume 11, issue 1 from 1999. The full articles can be bought online or accessed through subscription.
The website of Larry Hyman, professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley, contains information on his academic research on phonological and morphosyntactic aspects of Bantu languages from the theoretical, descriptive, comparative and historical perspectives. The topics covered in his publications include: the basic structure of Proto-Bantu; sound change, misanalysis, analogy and frication in the Bantu causative; tone, verb inflection and length harmony in Leggbó; affix ordering in Chichewa; verb-stem reduplication in Ndebele; and verb tones in Dagbani. Professor Hyman has also written on theoretical issues (such as the strengths and limitations of Optimality Theory, the interplay between phonology and morphology as it is exemplified in cyclicity, and the mechanisms of vowel harmony), and on languages that fall outside the Niger-Congo family, his area of specialisation, such as Hakha Lai (a Tibeto-Burman language). His writings highlight the contributions made and challenges posed by African languages to phonological theory. For instance, he (in corroboration with Francis Katamba) has explored the problem of defining the word in Luganda and its broader implications to the venerable criteria for the word embodied in the classification phonological, morphological, syntactic and semantic word. The website will prove invaluable to undergraduates, graduates and specialist researchers on African linguistics and phonological theory. A number of Professor Hyman's papers are available on the website in PDF format. However, the full appreciation of his contribution to and influence in the development of modern phonological theory comes with acquaintance with some of his papers that cannot be downloaded from his website.
This website outlines a linguistics project on the life cycle of phonological patterns, the percolation of constraint rankings, and input restructuring (Studies in early English morphophonology). The questions, aims, context, and methods of the project are briefly examined, and there is a reference section which includes links to PDF versions of the author's other research in this area. The author is interested in developing a model of analogical change based on Stratal OT (Optimality Theory), and this project will provide a test-bed by a study of the morphophonological evolution of a-stem nouns in Old English. The author, Dr Ricardo Bermúdez-Otero, is lecturer in Linguistics at the University of Manchester. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Research Grants scheme.
Linguistic Discovery is a freely available electronic journal devoted to the description and analysis of primary linguistic data with particular attention toward lesser-studied languages and linguistic phenomena. The publications cover topics in syntax, phonology and morphology focusing on rare and endangered languages. Users will find studies on languages such as: Krio in Mexico; Hellenistic Greek; Itelmen in Kamchatka peninsula in Russia; Kaqchikel in Guatemala; Oroqen in China; Paumari in the Brazilian Amazon; and many others whose names are hardly heard. The articles can be viewed in PDF or HTML format. The website contains several sections: the current issue of the journal; the archive; submission information; and registration for membership for those who want to be notified of new issues. Users may browse articles by title, author, language, or the key words in the abstract or document. The journal was launched in 2002, and is published twice a year by the Dartmouth College Library (USA). Manuscripts incorporating original data coming from any sub-discipline within linguistics especially dealing with endangered or lesser-studied languages are considered for publication. The site is an interesting resource for linguists, both undergraduates and researchers.
The official website of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology presents the research carried out at the institute. There are several departments, including one in Linguistics, one in Evolutionary Genetics and one in Human Evolution (the first to sequence the Neanderthal genome). The Department of Linguistics studies "the diversity of human language and the historical processes underlying this diversity" by searching for properties that are universal to all languages. This is achieved both by researching sounds (phonetics and phonology) and words (lexical comparison). The department also is focusing its research on relating each language to the others, to form a "language tree". Despite the name, the "Department of Evolutionary Genetics" will be best known by archaeologists since it focuses on sequencing ancient DNA (e.g. the Neanderthal genome). The Department of Human Evolution instead focuses on applying scientific techniques to archaeological research (e.g. diet, climate and migration research through isotopes; dating; osteoarchaeology; etc.). Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
Phonology is a scholarly journal devoted exclusively to the study of theoretical and empirical phonology. It is published three times a year. Apart from research articles, the journal has a section of squibs and replies; shorter pieces on controversial topics; and book reviews. The site gives an overview of the journal and has a link to Cambridge Journals Online (CJO), where contents and abstracts (of some of the issues of the journal) are available. Full text articles are available to members of subscribing institutions, while registered individuals may use the Pay-Per-View function to purchase single articles. Other facilities available to registered CJO users are Saved articles and Saved searches.
Prosody on the Web (POW), offers an introduction to some of the basic prosodic functions and forms in language. There are three interactive tutorials on the site: the first is about chunking; the second on focus; and the third on the pitch of utterances. Each tutorial features audio recordings and undemanding online tests to check that students have understood the principles being explained. At the time of review the online test did not yield any results. The site also introduces pitch diagrams, and contains definitions of technical terms as they are encountered. It forms a good resource for students new to the discipline.
The website 'Sounds Familiar? Accents and Dialects of the UK' is one of the British Library online learning resources. It is dedicated to the study of British accents and vocabularies, from a contemporary and historical perspective. Users can investigate recent trends in pronunciation, such as 'upspeak' or 'T-glottaling', or discover how the English of British Asians is influenced by their bilingual status. The resource includes a selection of over seventy audio recordings and more than 600 short audio clips from the British Library Sound Archive. Some of the materials were recorded in the 1950s and others almost half a century later, between 1998 and1999. The resource consists of five main sections: Regional Voices; Changing Voices; Your Voices; Case Studies; and Activities. The first two of these sections focus, respectively, on the regional and historical variations of English. 'Case Studies' looks into three specific English varieties: Received Pronunciation, Geordie Dialect, and the language of ethnic minorities in the UK. Suggested 'Activities' encourage users to investigate the use of English in their own communities, and 'Your Voices' provides them with an opportunity to publish their results on the site. With its interactive character and comprehensive set of audio data and their interpretations, this site is commendable to general audience interested in the subject, as well as students and researchers of linguistics, particularly phonetics and sociolinguistics.
This is the website for the Tycho Brahe project, based at the University of São Paulo. The project aims to research the relationship between prosody and syntax in the process of language change that led from Classical Portuguese to Modern European Portuguese. As well as linguistic and mathematical research, the project is also producing the Tycho-Brahe Parsed Corpus of Historical Portuguese, and a Comparative Tagged Corpus of Spoken Modern European Portuguese and Brazilian Portuguese. The former comprises texts written by Portuguese authors between 1550 and 1850, made available electronically for educational and research purposes. The user must complete an access-request form to download the texts and a link to the Tycho-Brahe Corpus is available through this site. The latter Corpus consists of categorized recorded registers of speakers of both dialects. The main website features all the papers, downloadable in PDF or Word format, written as part of the project between 1998 and 2003. Abstracts of the papers are also available. The user may also access details of the sub-projects in HTML, and information about the project's meeting and seminars. Although this site seems no longer to be updated it will be of interest to anyone working within the field of Portuguese linguistics.