Accents of English from around the world is a webpage that allows the user to compare the pronunciation of words between different dialects and varieties of English and some other Germanic languages. Equipped with a sound plug-in the user may listen to words in the many different forms available. Hovering over the IPA transcription of the word (or clicking it) returns the sound of the word in that particular variety. The site can be browsed by region, or by word, thus allowing different kinds of comparisons. The project is hosted the University of Edinburgh and is funded by Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). This is a valuable resource for anyone interested in the dialects of English and comparison to other Germanic languages.
Center for spoken language understanding @ OGI is a research centre based at the Oregon Health and Science University that focusses on spoken language technologies. The centre conducts research in a wide variety of areas, such as, speech recognition; speech synthesis; and neural speech enhancement. The site contains a list of publications, most with links to downloadable PDF-files and a set of demos and tutorials about a diversity of subjects, for example, a spectrogram reading tutorial. This site is very informative for anyone interested in the subject areas of phonetics and speech technology.
This is the site for the Centro de linguística da Universidade de Lisboa, an interdisciplinary academic research centre that focuses on fostering scholarship in the field of theoretical and applied lingistics. It hosts a range of research projects, inlcuding: the descriptive grammar of contemporary European Portuguese; psichoanalytical and phonological research; textual criticism and textual research; and others. Each of the projects has its own detailed website to introduce it and its research staff in more detail. The site also allows access to a long list of online resources that show the variety of Portuguese research into linguistics. The corpuses include that of the dialectal corpus for the study of syntax, corpus of spoken Portugues; corpus of European Portuguese, a contrastive corpus between African and European Portuguese. The site also displays a bibliography of the work of its researchers and allows access to the Centre's institutional library. This is a particularly useful and informative site for theoretical and applied linguists, and for students of Portuguese lingustics.
The website of the Linguistics Department at the University of Victoria offers access to some phonetics resources in addition to information about the department. The Resources section contains an IPA Chart where users can click on an International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) character to hear the corresponding sound. The Online Phonetics Lab makes available another interface to the IPA which allows users to select a symbol and listen to the sound (choice of two voices). The Online Phonetic Database (PDB Live) provides access to sound files from three different languages (Miriam; Turkish; Skagit). The site also contains information about the The Handbook of the International Phonetic Association and the revisions to the book as well as sound files from different languages to accompany the phonetic descriptions published in the Handbook or in the Journal of the IPA. The website also contains information about the Liguistincs Department faculty and students, courses, and research. This site, and in particular the IPA Chart and Phonetics Lab, would be of use for students of languages and linguistics who are learning the International Phonetic Alphabet. The sound files accompanying the IPA Handbook offer illustrations of different languages, but are probably of limited use without access to the Handbook itself.
The title of this online resource corresponds to a series of books 'Dialects of English' published by University of Edinburgh Press. The series documents 'varieties of English from all over the English-speaking world', each volume focusing on one particular dialect to explore its background, history, lexis, phonetics and phonology. The website hosts the recordings of spoken English which have been made in relation to this publication series. The recorded varieties available so far include Northern and Insular Scots, Singapore English, New Zealand English and Indian English. Although copyrighted, these recordings are available for downloading free of charge, if used for the purposes of teaching and research, thus providing ready to use material for students and researchers, as well as any members of the public interested in English dialects.
The Edinburgh University Speech Timing Archive and Corpus of English (EUSTACE) is a speech corpus comprising 4608 spoken sentences recorded for speech timing research at the department of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics at the University of Edinburgh. The full corpus is available for downloading and is intended to be useful for phonetics researchers and speech technologists working on synthesis and recognition. Example sentences are available for playback on the website, together with documentation including details of the experimental design, recording procedure, labelling methodology and original research results. The complete archive, available for downloading, includes a structured list of the sentences, the speech recordings and the label files, plus full documentation. Speech waveform files are available in WAW (RIFF) format and SD (ESPS) format. The downloadable corpus is free, and licensed for non-commercial use only. The original research was funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and the production of the website was funded by the Moray Endowment Fund of Edinburgh University.
Forensic Phonetics is part of the homepage of Helen Fraser, a linguist at the University of New England (Australia). It is a short article that functions as an introduction to the area of forensic phonetics, which is a sub area of forensic linguistics. Forensic phonetics refers to the application of phonetics in matters concerned with legal cases. Phonetic expertise may, for example, be used in: speaker identification; transcription of recordings; authentication of recordings; and language or accent identification. The website contains many useful links and an extensive bibliography. This site is introductory but may be useful for students and researchers of linguistics.
This website is intended to introduce undergraduate students to the Great Vowel Shift (GVS) that affected the pronunciation of the English language between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries. It summarises the historical significance of the changes that took place over this period, and explains how the shift has had an impact on the interpretation of literature. Literary examples of language change are taken from Chaucer, Shakespeare, Dryden, and Pope. The site features an interactive Java applet and audio recordings illustrating how each vowel has changed, and an exemplary dialogue between a conservative and advanced English speaker. Links to other Internet resources, and a short reading list, are also provided. This site provides a clear and succinct guide to the Great Vowel Shift and some of its implications.
This is the website of International Dialects of English Archive (IDEA). It is a free online archive of primary source dialect and accent recordings for the performing arts. The archive was created in 1997 by Paul Meier, author of Accents and Dialects for Stage and Screen, and a leading dialect coach for theatre and film. The archive is hosted by the Department of Theatre and Film at the University of Kansas. The dialects and accents recordings can be browsed by region. All recordings are in English, of native speakers, and one can find both English language dialects and English spoken in the accents of other languages. The recordings are downloadable and playable for both PC and Macintosh computers.
The 'Interactive Atlas of Catalan Intonation', available both in Catalan and English, is a valuable resource for students and researchers of Catalan linguistics. The site makes good use of online interactive resources to present an overview of the intonation and prosody in the various dialectics of Catalan: Alguer; Balearic; Central; Northwestern; Northern; and Valencian. In addition to information about the surveys and the methodology followed, there is an interactive map of dialectal areas. Through this the user may browse audio files of different examples of intonation, as well as videos with interviews. The site also features the labelling scheme, 'Cat_ToBI': a guide of prosodic annotation of Catalan speech. Along with this, a complete online course is provided in which users may learn how to label Catalan prosody. A short bibliography of articles, books, and PhD dissertations, as well as a list of online resources, is offered on the site too. Students and researchers of the Catalan language will find this resource useful for the overview of Catalan dialects, and all the interactive and media resources available.
This is the homepage of the International Association for Forensic Phonetics and Acoustics. The organisation seeks to promote research and provide a forum for the exchange of ideas concerning practice, development and research in forensic phonetics and acoustics. In addition it sets down standards of procedures and conduct for those involved in work with forensic phonetics and acoustics. The website is easy to navigate and contains information about the constitution of the association along with codes of practice and resolutions. In addition there is information about conferences and the contents of the first four volumes of the International Journal of Speech, Language and the Law. Although the academic content is not extensive this is good starting point for gathering information about forensic phonetics and acoustics, useful for researchers and students in linguistics.
The International Phonetic Association is the major representative organisation for phoneticians, established in 1886 (and also the oldest). It promotes the scientific study of phonetics and provides the academic community around the world with a common standard for the phonetic representation of all languages: the International Phonetic Alphabet (also called IPA), which is available from the site. Apart from the Alphabet, the site also offers access to an electronic monthly newsletter, foNETics; fonts; audio recordings of IPA phonetic sounds; phonetic examinations information; congress information; IPA membership information; links to Journal of the International Phonetics Association (JIPA) and to a number of other websites for linguistics, phonetics, speech and hearing. This site is useful for researchers and students of phonetics.
The website of the University of Lausanne's Department of Linguistics offers a useful introduction to phonetics and is suitable both for students beginning work in this area or for any linguist as a general reference resource. The text - which is illustrated with diagrams and examples throughout - is a clear and comprehensive overview of the main areas of phonetics, and. The text's introduction covers aspects of sound production; consonants and vowels; place and manner of articulation; voice; and nasality. The remainder of the text is divided into two sections: consonants and vowels. The former comprises consideration of occlusive consonants; fricatives; laterals; and vibrant consonants. The latter covers close; half-close; half-open; and open vowels, ending with consideration of the notion of the semi-vowel. The site also presents the international phonetic alphabet and audio files for each sound. The text is cross-referenced to other parts of the site where appropriate.
This is the website for the International Society of Phonetic Sciences (ISPhS), founded in 1938 with the aim of promoting training and research in the field of phonetics across the world. One of its activities is producing the bulletin Phonetician, which is published twice a year and available by subscription. Sample articles are freely available online. The site contains some useful information such as: job ads; external links the sites related to phonetics; and lists of previous conferences. There is also a list of books reviewed in recent issues of Phonetician, and also a list of articles published in the same issues. The site is useful to those interested in phonetic research, students and scholars alike but full benefits are available to fee paying members only.
The IViE corpus: English Intonation in the British Isles website provides information about the Intonational Variation in English (IViE) project and access to the IViE corpus. The project examined cross-varietal and stylistic variation in English intonation, and was funded by the ESRC. It ran between 1997 and 2001 at the Phonetics Laboratory, University of Oxford and Department of Linguistics, University of Cambridge. The corpus created by the project includes 36 hours of speech recordings of nine urban varieties of English (London, Cambridge, Cardiff, Leeds, Bradford, Liverpool, Belfast, Dublin). Three of the varieties represent the speech of ethic minority groups. The recordings were collected among 16-year-olds in secondary schools and represent several different speaking styles. Part of the corpus has been prosodically transcribed. The corpus is freely available for academic research and teaching purposes and can be downloaded from the website or searched online. Information about the corpus and the research based on it can be found on the webpage. A number of the publications by the project can be accessed online. The corpus can also be ordered via the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) website (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)), on completion of a request access form.
The Journal of Phonetics is a journal primarily interested in papers of an experimental or theoretical nature that deal with phonetic aspects of language and linguistic communication processes. It also publishes papers on technological or interdisciplinary issues, provided that linguistic-phonetic principles underlie the work. There are occasional themed issues devoted to particular aspects of phonetics. The full-text of the journal is accessible to subscribers only, but the searchable abstracts are freely available via Elsevier ScienceDirect. A sample issue is also fully accessible. The site advertises the contents of forthcoming special editions, and provides the contact details of the editors. Ordering information is supplied.
The official website of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology presents the research carried out at the institute. There are several departments, including one in Linguistics, one in Evolutionary Genetics and one in Human Evolution (the first to sequence the Neanderthal genome). The Department of Linguistics studies "the diversity of human language and the historical processes underlying this diversity" by searching for properties that are universal to all languages. This is achieved both by researching sounds (phonetics and phonology) and words (lexical comparison). The department also is focusing its research on relating each language to the others, to form a "language tree". Despite the name, the "Department of Evolutionary Genetics" will be best known by archaeologists since it focuses on sequencing ancient DNA (e.g. the Neanderthal genome). The Department of Human Evolution instead focuses on applying scientific techniques to archaeological research (e.g. diet, climate and migration research through isotopes; dating; osteoarchaeology; etc.). Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
The Monthly Mystery Spectrogram Web page is a phonetics quiz based on reading a spectrogram, a visual representation of an acoustic signal. It was put together by Rob Hagiwara at the University of Manitoba. The site offers basic theoretical and practical information on formant structure and articulatory configuration. The accompanying pages are inspired by the unlabelled spectrograms in Peter Ladefoged's A Course in Phonetics, and the UCLA practical class in phonetic data analysis. Mystery spectrogram archive with detailed solutions is available from the site. The site can be useful to students taking a phonetics course.
The New Zealand English (NZE) website is a compilation of materials provided by a number of researchers on various aspects of English as spoken in New Zealand. The site has a simple, clear layout and provides articles on the origins, social variation and sounds of NZE. Extensive bibliography on NZE is also provided. The research projects listed include: NZE Dictionary Centre; Corpora of NZE; the NZE Journal; 'Origins of NZE Project'; English On-line Project (resources for teaching); and Evaluating English Accents Worldwide. A brief description of projects and contact details for further information are also provided.
Phonetics: the sounds of spoken language is an excellent, interactive online resource designed to assist students of phonetics, linguistics and foreign languages. Part of the site was created to support an undergraduate level course in Spanish pronunciation at the University of Iowa. The site offers dynamic animated libraries of the phonetic sounds of Spanish, German and American English. Each vowel and consonant is accompanied by an animated articulatory diagram (Flash is used for the animation), a step-by-step illustrated description of how the sound is achieved, and video-audio file of the sound spoken in context by a native speaker. The site also provides an interactive diagram of the articulatory anatomy with both English, German and Spanish terminology. Comprehensive user instructions are supplied. This a valuable resource for students to use independently or for teachers to incorporate within their classes, and is suitable both for students of linguistics or those learning either Spanish, German or English as a foreign language who wish to gain a deeper understanding of pronunciation.
PHONUS: research reports of the institute of PHONetics at the University of Saarland contains a set of articles, dissertations and monographs that are freely downloadable from the website. PHONUS is a part of the institute's webpage and contains links to, for example, information to students and about research at the department. The webpage links to all issues of PHONUS, from number 1, 1995. The articles in the older issues are downloadable as gzip-archives of postscript documents while the later are in PDF-format. The texts are mostly in English and German. This site may be of interest to anyone engaged in the study of phonetics.
This is a website for Phthong, a tutorial programme for the phonemic transcription of English and other written languages that use the roman alphabet. There are two types of exercises available in Phthong, both designed for Linguistics Department courses at the University of Toronto. The first type presents a phonemically transcribed word and asks the user to enter the corresponding English word. The second kind of exercise presents an English word and asks the user to enter the phonemic equivalent. The Phthong IPA font is based on PALPhon, custom-designed font, which can be edited where necessary. The character mappings are provided. Phthong has also been used for a French transcription course at the University of Waterloo. This programme can be a useful resource for teaching Phonetics and Phonology.
This is simply a commented list of resources for studying phonetics and spoken English. It is compiled by George L. Dillon of University of Washington. The list is subdivided into groups, such as, phones and phonemes; waveform analysis; speech synthesiser; speech recognition; archives and lists; and courses and tutorials. This is a good starting point when searching for useful phonetics resources.
Rutgers Optimality Archive is a free access, online archive of articles concerned with research within the Optimality Theory. Anyone can post an article to the archive and the moderators will only refuse articles that are deemed to be not relevant to the goals. There is no reviewing or assessment of quality of the articles but they have to be in and about Optimality Theory (OT). OT is a theory that states that a grammar of a certain language is determined by a set of ordered constraints that will decide which of all possible input will be grammatical in that language. Although the set of constraints is universal and common to all grammars, the order of them are what decides what is grammatical and what is not. OT is considered an extension of Generative Grammar. This site is useful for anyone researching Optimality Theory.
The online resource SCRIBE - Spoken Corpus of British English provides information on a pilot project that 'investigated the construction of a corpus of spoken British English'. The project ran in the academic year 1989/90 and was funded by the UK Department of Trade and Industry and the UK Science and Engineering Research Council. Research was facilitated by the partnership between the University College London, Cambridge University, Edinburgh University, the Speech Research Unit, and the National Physical Laboratory. This resource is part of the UCL website. Despite the project's short duration, resulting from the shortage of funding, a substantial prototype corpus was collected and partially annotated. The resource describes the current status of the project as well as provides its existing documentation in 'The SCRIBE Manual' that can be viewed online (HTML format). There are also samples of annotated audio recordings which can be downloaded. These have been grouped into two categories: Sample of many talker recordings and Sample of few talker recordings. Both categories provide recordings of male and female speakers, representing four dialect areas: South East, Glasgow, Leeds and Birmingham. This resource will be of interest, and use, to researchers of spoken English and corpus linguistics.
The website 'Sounds Familiar? Accents and Dialects of the UK' is one of the British Library online learning resources. It is dedicated to the study of British accents and vocabularies, from a contemporary and historical perspective. Users can investigate recent trends in pronunciation, such as 'upspeak' or 'T-glottaling', or discover how the English of British Asians is influenced by their bilingual status. The resource includes a selection of over seventy audio recordings and more than 600 short audio clips from the British Library Sound Archive. Some of the materials were recorded in the 1950s and others almost half a century later, between 1998 and1999. The resource consists of five main sections: Regional Voices; Changing Voices; Your Voices; Case Studies; and Activities. The first two of these sections focus, respectively, on the regional and historical variations of English. 'Case Studies' looks into three specific English varieties: Received Pronunciation, Geordie Dialect, and the language of ethnic minorities in the UK. Suggested 'Activities' encourage users to investigate the use of English in their own communities, and 'Your Voices' provides them with an opportunity to publish their results on the site. With its interactive character and comprehensive set of audio data and their interpretations, this site is commendable to general audience interested in the subject, as well as students and researchers of linguistics, particularly phonetics and sociolinguistics.
The Speech Accent Archive is an online database containing recordings of over 600 native and non-native speakers of English reading a paragraph of text which contains most of the consonants, vowels, and clusters of standard American English. Each sample is accompanied by demographic and linguistic information about the speaker and an IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) transcription of their speech. The archive is intended for use as a teaching and research tool in order to compare different speakers of English. The site also includes details of the methodology employed; a bibliography of further reading; a clickable map showing the geographic origins of the speakers; and an inventory of native language phonetics. The authors invite the submission of further sample recordings. The site has been developed by Steven Weinberger (Department of English, George Mason University) and represents an excellent online resource for the comparative study of foreign accents.
The website for the Internet Institute for Speech and Hearing is a teaching resource which includes excellent and appropriate practical material relating to the science and technology of speech and hearing. This site was developed in 2000 by Mark Huckvale at the University College London (UCL). It is organised into five major sections: the Entrance Hall; the Library; the Lecture Room; the Laboratory; and the Meeting Room. The Entrance Hall covers basic information about the fields of linguistics and FAQ database. The Library includes annotated lists of books, journals, and reference material. The reference material is of a particular interest as it contains dictionaries of speech; resources about varieties of English around the world; and database of stress patterns of many languages. The Lecture Room includes interactive web tutorials which are supplied with illustrations and animated pictures. Some sub-sections contain self-test questions. The Laboratory contains demonstrations of speech and hearing which can be educational and fun to view. It also gives a list of free software tools with links to download them. These tools include: UCL Enhance; WASP; WaveSurfer; PRAAT; CSLU; HIK; and many more. In order to access the demonstrations, a sound card and speakers are required. The Meeting Room puts interested users in touch with others through emailing lists; newsgroups; and professional associations. This site is full of valuable information which can be of benefit to students specialising in phonetics and speech communication as well as interested public users.
The website of UCLA Phonetics Lab presents an index of languages, an index of sounds, a map index and is a hyper link to the UCLA Phonetics Lab Archive, which contains recordings hundreds of languages from around the world. The site also contains material relevant to Peter Ladefoged's A course in phonetics, 5th edition and to his Vowels and consonants, 2nd edition. The materials consist of an online phonetics course which provides sound charts; sounds; tables; exercises; and performance exercises that can be used in addition to the mentioned works. The index of languages refers to phonological examples in these languages. This is an excellent resource for phoneticians and other linguists.