The Autolexical Grammar website is an introduction to the theory created and developed by Eric Schiller and Jerrold M. Sadock, among others. It is a generative theory of language in the vein of Chomskyan theory although it has departed quite far from the origin. For example, Autolexical Grammar is non-derivational and non-transformational as opposed to classical generative grammars. One important feature is the independence of different dimensions of linguistic representation. The theory works with at least three dimensions, syntactic; morphological; and semantic. The variety described here stipulates at least two more, discourse and phonetic dimensions. Each one of these dimensions is independent and static, that is, no transformations or rewriting occurs. The different dimensions are, however, exposed to the others and what usually was handled by transformational or rewrite rules is handled by the interface between the dimensions. The site gives a theoretic and quite dense introduction to the theory with a reference list at the bottom. Still this article is a useful introduction to a modern grammar theory useful for students and researchers in linguistics.
Maintained by Michel Buijs of the University of Utrecht, this up-to-date online bibliography lists books and articles which will be of use to those working on various aspects of ancient Greek linguistics. The list is divided thematically into the following topics: clause types (participial clauses and subclauses); particles; pragmatics and word order; tense/aspect; reference works; and a miscellaneous section. There is also a list of links to other web resources for linguistics. The works which are featured on the list are written in a wide range of European languages. Most were written in the last twenty years, although reference is made to key texts from as far back as the late nineteenth century.
This is the site for the Centro de linguística da Universidade de Lisboa, an interdisciplinary academic research centre that focuses on fostering scholarship in the field of theoretical and applied lingistics. It hosts a range of research projects, inlcuding: the descriptive grammar of contemporary European Portuguese; psichoanalytical and phonological research; textual criticism and textual research; and others. Each of the projects has its own detailed website to introduce it and its research staff in more detail. The site also allows access to a long list of online resources that show the variety of Portuguese research into linguistics. The corpuses include that of the dialectal corpus for the study of syntax, corpus of spoken Portugues; corpus of European Portuguese, a contrastive corpus between African and European Portuguese. The site also displays a bibliography of the work of its researchers and allows access to the Centre's institutional library. This is a particularly useful and informative site for theoretical and applied linguists, and for students of Portuguese lingustics.
English Language and Linguistics is a biannual journal which focuses on the description of the English language within the framework of contemporary linguistics. It covers a range of theoretical perspectives, including syntax; morphology; phonology; semantics; pragmatics; corpus linguistics; and lexis. The site has a link to Cambridge Journals Online, where free tables of contents and abstracts of articles, starting with volume 1, 1997, are provided. For registered users, there is the additional benefit of email alerting. The journal is available to institutions in print and electronic form, and to individuals in print only. Discounts are available to members of the European Society for the Study of English, the Linguistic Society of America, and the International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language.
This website, published by the Generative Grammar Group of the University of Geneva's Department of Linguistics, makes available research papers by its members of staff, advanced students, and researchers working in associated universities in the field of generative grammar, a theory of language proposed by Professor Noam Chomsky. Published in annual volumes, with the first appearing in 2000, the full-text papers are available as downloadable PDFs with abstracts in HTML. The papers are diverse, examining such areas as the external possessor construction in West Flemish; French adjective ordering; the architecture of the clause in Jamaican creole; the antisymmetry of Turkish; Scandinavian PF-Verb movement; and the ti/tu interrogative morpheme in Quebec French. Papers of a more general, theoretical nature also feature strongly. Most papers are written in English, although a small number are in French.
Language Variation and Change is a journal dedicated exclusively to the study of linguistic variation. It focuses on variation in either oral or written data, from a synchronic or diachronic perspective. The journal is a valuable resource for sociologists, linguists, sociolinguists, psychologists, anthropologists, phonologists and dialectologists. The site gives an overview of the journal and guidelines for contributors. The site allows free access to one issue of the journal and abstracts to back issues from volume 11, issue 1 from 1999. The full articles can be bought online or accessed through subscription.
The Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG) home page is a collection of resources connected to the theory of LFG. The site contains articles and an extensive bibliography along with links to different projects within the LFG framework and some useful questions and answers that function as introduction to the theory. The site is created and maintained by Doug Arnold, Lecturer at the Department of Language and Linguistics at the University of Essex. LFG is a grammar theory concerned with the morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics of natural language. An important feature of this theory is that, in the description of language, there are two fundamental levels of syntactic representation: constituent structure (c-structure) and functional structure (f-structure). This site is useful for researchers and students of grammar theories.
This website outlines a linguistics project on the life cycle of phonological patterns, the percolation of constraint rankings, and input restructuring (Studies in early English morphophonology). The questions, aims, context, and methods of the project are briefly examined, and there is a reference section which includes links to PDF versions of the author's other research in this area. The author is interested in developing a model of analogical change based on Stratal OT (Optimality Theory), and this project will provide a test-bed by a study of the morphophonological evolution of a-stem nouns in Old English. The author, Dr Ricardo Bermúdez-Otero, is lecturer in Linguistics at the University of Manchester. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Research Grants scheme.
Linguistic Discovery is a freely available electronic journal devoted to the description and analysis of primary linguistic data with particular attention toward lesser-studied languages and linguistic phenomena. The publications cover topics in syntax, phonology and morphology focusing on rare and endangered languages. Users will find studies on languages such as: Krio in Mexico; Hellenistic Greek; Itelmen in Kamchatka peninsula in Russia; Kaqchikel in Guatemala; Oroqen in China; Paumari in the Brazilian Amazon; and many others whose names are hardly heard. The articles can be viewed in PDF or HTML format. The website contains several sections: the current issue of the journal; the archive; submission information; and registration for membership for those who want to be notified of new issues. Users may browse articles by title, author, language, or the key words in the abstract or document. The journal was launched in 2002, and is published twice a year by the Dartmouth College Library (USA). Manuscripts incorporating original data coming from any sub-discipline within linguistics especially dealing with endangered or lesser-studied languages are considered for publication. The site is an interesting resource for linguists, both undergraduates and researchers.
The website of the Linguistica project at the University of Chicago provides information on its work on computer applications for performing linguistic tasks, such as: analysis of the morphological structure of any unknown language (Linguistica) and morphological analysis of a lexicon, which could be particularly useful for fieldwork (Alchemist). The programs are free to download, and comprehensive instructions for download, installation and use are given. The texts of the main Linguistica-related publications are available online. The site is straightforward and easy to navigate; links to some groups involved in the research of natural language processing are provided. The site should be of interest both to the researchers working in the field of automated natural language processing, and linguists using the applications.
Linguistik Online is a peer reviewed e-journal for linguistics, published by the University of Bern, founded in cooperation with the Europa Universität Viadrina in Frankfurt an der Oder (Germany). It covers discourse analysis; history of language; language acquisition; history of linguistics; theoretical linguistics; morphology; syntax; pragmatics; semantics; sociolinguistics. 2-5 issues a year have been published since 1998. Articles are mainly in German or English, some are in French or Spanish. The introduction to the journal is in four languages (German, English, Frech, Spanish).
The website of the Spanish organisation for the promotion of linguistics offers both information about the different languages and dialects within the Iberian peninsula, and information about a vast number of languages and dialects throughout the world. The site offers colour-coded maps to indicate the regions in which a particular language is spoken, and for most of the languages featured, the user may read a brief history, details of its relation to other dialects, the number of speakers, facsimiles of original manuscripts, summaries of the grammar structure, examples of the written language and alphabet: in short, substantial introductory information for students of linguistics. There is a special section dedicated to historical and modern alphabets throughout the world. This allows the user to search for writing examples and alphabets according to genealogical; geographical; or alphabetical classifications. The organisation is also undertaking projects, and information about these can be found on the website. Some examples are: teaching sign language to hearing-impaired young people; translations into Aragonese; and sociolinguistics in Ecuatorial Guinea. A number of articles written by the organisation's collaborators are available on the site, on themes such as: linguistic theories of humour; sociolinguistics; and the evaluation of dictionaries. The site gives great importance to the translation of religious texts, such as the Bible and the Qumran manuscripts, and there is also a database of Bible translators throughout history. This impressive site is recommended for students of the history of the Spanish language and Spanish linguistics in particular, although anyone interested in world languages will find material of worth here.
Richard (Dick) Hudson is Professor of Linguistics at the Department of Phonetics and Linguistics at University College London. His research interests are mainly in syntax and grammar, and his non-research interests are in sociolinguistics and educational linguistics. The site offers rich and freely accessible resources for linguists working in related areas. It provides an overview of Word Grammar, Professor Hudson's theory of language structure; an annotated list of main publications; an Encyclopedia of English Grammar and Word Grammar which can be viewed online or downloaded in various formats; a number of annotated downloadable papers (in compressed format); lecture handouts from Word Grammar; and a list of other professional interests and activities (such as linguistics at school). Links to other useful documents (such as the National Curriculum for English, or the Nuffield Enquiry into Language) can be found under the Linguistics and Education section.
The Surrey Morphology Group is a research centre based at the University of Surrey. The group researches grammatical categories in a broad sample of languages, using formal and statistical frameworks in order to express theoretical and typological generalisations. The site contains a set of web based resources, such as set of databases containing information about the morphology of different languages; lexicons; annotated bibliographies; and some datasets in different formats. In addition, the site contains a list of publications by members of the group, with links to PDF-versions of abstracts and drafts. This is a useful resource for anyone interested in language typology and morphology.
'A Treatise on the Astrolabe by Geoffrey Chaucer' is an online database of verbs from the text of Chaucer's 14th-century treatise. The resource is the work of an undergraduate student at Adam Mickiewicz University in Poland, in collaboration with their supervisor. The database is searched by using a form that enables users to choose: conjugation; classification; and form of the verbs, as well as whether etymology and meanings are displayed. The resource also provides: a description of the database; a brief history of Middle English; a section on verb morphology; and a brief biography of Chaucer. The site also gives an introduction to the text of Chaucer's treatise (but not the text itself) and a short history of the astrolabe as an object. This site would be of interest to students studying Middle English language and literature.
Word Grammar is a part of Richard 'Dick' Hudson's personal homepage. On this site he gives an introduction to his theory of language structure. Hudson has worked with linguistic theory for thirty years and his theories have developed during this time. What began as a variety of Systemic Functional Grammar went through Daughter-Dependency Grammar to what is now known as Word Grammar. Language is a network of knowledge that is a part of a general network of knowledge, although still quite distinct but not separated from it. Linguistic representation is expressed in dependencies and relations between words, and to some extent morphemes, and although phrase structures are implicit in this hierarchy it is not as such a phrase structure grammar. It is an attempt to simplify linguistic representation, or rather, the representation of linguistic knowledge, and is thus monostratal and prefers flat structures. This is to some extent a reaction to Chomskyan Generative (Transformational Grammar) with its abundance of hidden and not realised structures. The website contains besides an introduction to his theory a bibliography of works, mostly by Hudson, some handouts for courses and links to articles that explain his theory in more detail. This is a good introduction to modern grammar theory and useful for researchers and students alike.