This is the website of the Actors of Dionysus, a theatre company which specialises in producing adaptations and translations of classical Greek drama, with a particular emphasis on tragedy. The site gives information about past, current and future dramatic productions, accompanied by details of cast lists, photographs and press reviews, with tour dates also appearing here. Although the site is not comprehensive, it acts as a useful starting point for anyone seeking specific information and images relating to the modern performance reception of particular ancient plays (this is the kind of detailed information which can be difficult to get hold of, although it is currently being collated on a much larger scale by the Archive of Performances of Greek and Roman Drama in Oxford). There is a list here too of the company's publications, which include translations, scripts and essay collections on individual plays. These can be ordered via the site. The Actors of Dionysus also run an educational outreach programme comprising workshops and special events, accompanied by supplementary educational material. Details of such events can be found on the website.
Aeria is an online resource from the Institute of Classical Archaeology at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. It consists primarily of images of and information relating to the university's collection of classical Greek and Roman artefacts, including sculpture (some original objects as well as plaster casts of others) and painted pottery dating from the eighth century BCE onwards. Users may undertake a virtual tour of the museum itself, viewing artefacts by display case, as well as being given information on special exhibitions. The site also has a searchable section of images from the museum's photographic archive; this collection houses photographs of classical sites and artefacts taken by photographers from 1860-1914. Whilst section headings are given in English translation throughout, the majority of the website's detailed text is in German.
This pleasingly presented site provides comprehensive information about the American Academy in Rome, including full details of its residency opportunities, summer programmes, its Rome Prize, and fellowships. There are also details of current and forthcoming exhibitions, conferences, concerts, and other events. The site includes the online catalogue of the American Academy's library (via the URBS network of research libraries in Rome, which pools the catalogues for several scholarly institutions) and a complete list of the Academy publications (together with ordering information). A style sheet for the Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome is available online. A page with helpful maps and synopses of the Academy's current and recent archaeological projects (excavations at Rome, Ostia, Jerba, Stabiae, Bomarzo, Cosa and Licenza) provides links to the relevant excavation journals and home pages. Details of its photographic archive are also present. The archive comprises specialized collections of photographs on archaeology, architecture, art and gardens. A few selected images are available online.
This attractively designed resource is the official website of the American Classical League (ACL), a private organisation dedicated to the fostering of the study of classical languages. The site provides information about the ACL's membership, constitution and activities, including the provision of grants and scholarships. Users may also access its publications here. There is also a link listing relevant teaching materials and information on job vacancies. Whilst this is clearly focused on teaching classics in the United States there is much here which will be of interest to those engaged in the teaching of classical subjects elsewhere in the world.
This is the website of The American Institute for Roman Culture (IRC), which aims to promote the culture and history of ancient Rome by running educational programs and cultural heritage projects. Details of these activities are provided here. Included is information about: excavations at the Villa delle Vignacce and Ostia Antica; the excavation of the Roman forum run in conjunction with the universities of Oxford and Stanford (a link is also provided to the official website of this particular excavation); study abroad programs in aspects of Roman culture and archaeology; voluntary opportunities at the Institute itself (which is based in Rome); other events organised for the general public by the Institute; and the people involved in running the organisation.
This is the online version of Amphora, a twice-yearly publication produced by the American Philological Association (APA). Aimed at a wide audience including interested enthusiasts as well as those who are involved in studying or teaching classics at any level, the publication contains accessible articles written by scholars and experts on all aspects of classical studies. Users may view tables of contents for each issue, as well as full-text versions of articles (available as PDF files). A wide range of topics is covered, including: classical literature; ancient history; mythology; art and archaeology; ancient Greek and Latin languages; classical pedagogy; and the modern reception/interpretation of classics. There are also book and film reviews.
The Etymological Dictionary of Classical Mythology is a website concerned with word origins, in particular with the etymology of English words which have their roots in ancient Greek and Roman mythology. Its main feature is a searchable etymological dictionary which lists proper names and other words originating in classical myth, along with brief definitions. The site also has sections devoted to ancient Greek and Latin words as used in astronomy, the calendar, personal names and conversational phrases, and a page on classical myth as found in popular culture (cinema, literature, brand names and song lyrics). A bibliography of secondary material is also provided. Whilst the site is an easily accessible quick reference tool for looking up unfamiliar terms, it is limited in its application as the definitions do not give references to the original ancient sources where the words and names can be found.
The Ancient Baths Resource Site is a developing online collection of material aimed at anyone with an interest in ancient baths and bathing. At the time of writing this review this website presents: a gallery of images of ancient baths; a detailed glossary of terms relating to baths; a bibliography listing publications on the topic. The section containing images also provides some additional detail, such as texts of relevant inscriptions and specific references to secondary scholarship. The site is still under construction but to date contains images of, and references to, the following ancient sites: in Tunisia, the Memmian Baths at Bulla Regia and the Large East Baths at Maktar; in Libya, the Hadrianic Baths at Lepcis Magna; in Italy, the Baths of Caracalla, in Rome and the baths of Valesio, in Puglia. The site would probably appeal most to students looking at this topic for the first time, as well as to enthusiasts of ancient archaeology.
The primary focus of the well-presented and easy-to-use website 'Ancient Greece' is the art, architecture and archaeology of ancient Greece. It is divided into sections on the following topics: archaeology; history; culture; maps; architecture; museums; art; photographs; and a timeline. Three key locations are discussed: the Athenian acropolis, Delphi and Crete. Explanatory text describes in detail the construction and appearance of a range of key buildings. The Parthenon (fifth century BC) is particularly well-covered, with other Athenian buildings described here including the Propylaia, Erechtheion and Temple of Athena Nike. Highlights of the information on Delphi include the Temple of Apollo, treasuries, theatre, stadium and tholos. The coverage of Crete includes the Minoan sites (c 3000-1000BC) Knossos, Malia, Phaistos, Zakros and Palekastro and the classical/Hellenistic sites of Itanos, Tripitos and Xerokampos. The website is richly illustrated with images of ancient art, archaeological finds and modern images of the sites discussed. Also featured are satellite images, maps and plans of key areas, and the website gives links to the sites of modern museums where ancient treasures can be found. Overall this is an excellent resource for Greek archaeology and history.
'Ancient Greece in Fiction' is a modestly presented but useful online list of fictional works, mostly in English, inspired by classical myth, history and archaeology, from the 18th century to the present day. Compiled by Dr Nick Lowe of the Department of Classics, Royal Holloway College, University of London, the list is arranged alphabetically, according to mythical or historical character, as well as by period and theme. The list, which is based in part on William Thompson's 1966 pamphlet 'Classical novels' and Hazel Beall's article in Classical World 1963, is dominated by 20th century works but also includes many classic texts of an earlier date and is current to 2006. It provides an invaluable guide to the range of fiction inspired by the classical Greek world. The website also includes links to related websites including the author's own guide, 'Ancient Greece in the cinema'. This resource will benefit both professional academics in a number of disciplines studying the relationship between ancient and modern literature and a wider audience, including creative writers, pursuing an interest in classical studies and their contemporary echoes in popular culture.
Compiled by Dr. Nick Lowe of Royal Holloway University, this online list of movies relating to ancient Greece complements a similar list of Greek historical fiction put together by the same author. Although concise, this resource is an excellent starting point for anyone interested in the overlap between Classics and film studies, or in the modern reception of ancient history, mythology, epic and drama since the twentieth century. The list is divided into five themed sections: prehomeric myth; Homer and Troy; archaic, classical and Hellenistic history; Cleopatra; and films of Greek drama. Each film is listed with its date (featured movies date back as far as 1927), director and leading actor or actress.
Ancient History in the Movies is an online resource created by Paul Halsall of Fordham University, New York, and provides a useful starting-point for anyone interested in the way in which the ancient world has been portrayed in the cinema. The site provides some brief guidelines on approaching films about the ancient world from an academic perspective, and presents a list of relevant movies with some basic details about each (date of production, length, brief summary and names of directors and key actors). Each listing is linked to its relevant page on the Internet Movie Database (IMDB) to allow the user to find further information. For ease of reference the list is divided into the following categories: pre-historic humans; Mesopotamia; Egypt; Biblical epic/ancient Israel; classical Greece; Hellenistic Greece; Roman empire; Biblical epic/life of Christ; and Biblical epic/early Christian. The resource is a good place to begin for those who wish to investigate the ways in which biblical and classical themes have been utilised and adapted by film makers in modern times.
This well-presented resource is the website for the archaeological excavations at Aphrodisias (in the ancient Roman province of Caria, in modern Turkey) undertaken by the Institute of Fine Arts in cooperation with the Faculty of Arts and Science at New York University. Introductory information is provided on the history of the site and the excavations, and then the user may access more detailed pages on key areas of the archaeological site. The following locations are covered: the temple of Aphrodite; the cult image of Aphrodite; architecture and sculpture of the bouleuterion (council chamber); the sculptor's workshop; the north agora; the Sebasteion; the basilica; and the stadium. Within each section images and plans are accompanied by detailed explanatory text. An overall plan of Aphrodisias is provided and the user can move the mouse over this to be given names of buildings; on clicking on the building a closer view is given. One can then click on this building for a closer view. There is also a map based on the geophysical survey carried out between 1995 and 1998. Finally, there is an extensive bibliography of relevant material (divided into sections for ease of use), with a particular emphasis on excavation reports.
The American School of Classical Studies has been excavating in the area of the Athenian Agora since 1931. The main focus of attention has been the Agora of the 5th and 4th centuries BC but finds from the archaeological site span the periods from the Late Neolithic to the 20th century. The website presents an extensive "Site Tour" including Quicktime panoramas. There are (section "Plans and Drawings") plans of the site at various historical phases and reconstruction models (again as Quicktime) of some of the major buildings as well as pictures of the outdoor sections of the agora ("Architecture and Topography"). Section "Excavations" contains short excavation reports which focus particularly on the artefacts. Some of the artefacts presented are still unpublished and therefore to access these artefacts in the catalogue it is necessary to have permission and registration details from the American School of Classical Studies. The rest of the illustrated catalogue is freely accessible and divided in sections "Black and Plain Pottery"; "Red Figured and White Ground"; "Hellenistic Pottery and Wheelmade Table Ware"; and "Greek Coins". The latest preliminary report can be found in section "Recent Excavations". Section "Resources" outlines the contents of the webiste. Anyone interested in ancient Greece may find this website useful.
Several publications have been made available in HTML format or through Google Books and can be freely accessed in section "Agora Publications". Among the publications are guides; a few volumes of the Athenian Agora Monographs (Vol.12 Black and Plain Pottery; Vol. 26 The Greek Coins; Vol. 29 Hellenistic Pottery; and Vol. 30 Attic Red-Figured and White-Ground Pottery); "The Birth of Democracy" (catalogue of exhibition); "The Athenian Citizen: Democracy in the Athenian Agora"; "The Games at Athens"; "Horses and Horsemanship in the Athenian Agora"; "Ancient Athenian Building Methods"; "Graffiti in the Athenian Agora"; books on coins; "Waterworks in the Athenian Agora"; "Miniature Sculpture from the Athenian Agora" and others. At the time of review access to some titles was difficult and some titles appears mixed (e.g. "Amphoras and the Ancient Wine Trade"); the alternative "list of all publications" may be used.
Taking as its starting point the novels of the prolific historical novelist Mary Renault (1905-1983), but extending the scope far beyond this one writer, this website focuses on twentieth-century Greek historical fiction relating to Alexander the Great of Macedon (fourth century BC). This is a site which will appeal to anyone interested in the modern reception of ancient history. Its main feature is an extensive chronological list of novels based on Alexander, accompanied by detailed summaries and reviews. There is a further section on the figure of Alexander as portrayed in other media (primarily in films), and a lengthy review of Oliver Stone's movie 'Alexander' (2004). Also provided is an annotated page of classical web links, and a link to a chatroom ('Megalexandros') for Alexander the Great enthusiasts.
Blogographos is a public weblog (blog), which began in May 2004, and which is open to anyone interested in Greek and Roman antiquity. Users must register in order to post to the blog, but anyone may access the archives. The most useful feature of the site is that it draws attention to new material on the web which may be of interest to classicists - this includes other weblogs as well as articles and sites providing information on archaeology, ancient history and civilisation and classical languages. Other features include: book announcements and reviews of both scholarly works and classics-related fiction; conference announcements; and details of stories in the media, television programmes and radio broadcasts which are of particular relevance to classicists. The resource provides an insight into the many ways in which the classical world continutes to be of interest and relevance to modern society.
Capitolium.org is an extensive and detailed website devoted primarily to the imperial fora in the city of Rome, and to the ongoing archaeological work there. A historical overview of ancient Rome, from its traditional foundation date (753 BC) to the imperial period, is given here, accompanied by a detailed chronological table of events, an index of Roman emperors and a map of the empire. Details are also given of the archaeological excavations taking place in the area of the fora, with specific information on each individual forum, its history, buildings and functions (included here are sections on the fora of Caesar, Augustus, Nerva and Trajan, and on the Temple of Peace in the forum of Vespasian, as well as Trajan's market). A section on daily life describes ancient Roman food and drink, family life and housing. Finally the website has a 'Ludi' (games) section with pages on Roman numerals, the calendar of Roman holidays, Latin phrases and sayings, a quiz based on information found on the site, and a limited list of films set in ancient Rome. The website is equally navigable in English and Italian.
This is the website of the Centre for the Reception of Greece and Rome which is based at Royal Holloway, University of London, and was founded in 2007. The Centre's research focuses on the sociological, historical, political and philosophical links between Mediterranean antiquity and the modern world (there is a particular emphasis on the roles played by ancient Greece and Rome in discourses about citizenship). The site provides details of researchers who are involved with the centre, as well as giving an insight into its interdisciplinary research projects. Information on the following is also given here: events co-ordinated by the Centre, including conferences (programme details are provided), lectures and seminars; funding and studentships; publications by directors, staff and associates (with links provided to those works which are available online); and links to other relevant websites.
The website "Chester : A Virtual Stroll Around the Walls" is an excellent and relatively informative site which provides photographs of Chester's famed historic city walls. Dating partially from the Roman era, the walls were added to through the ages and form a complete circuit around the centre of Chester, a must on any tourist's itinerary. Chester was one of the few original Roman camps, and was known as Deva. The site provides varied information on Chester from Roman times, the history of the city, its architecture and topography. There is information here of interest to both the casual tourist and inhabitant of Chester alike. Facts about Chester's long history are presented in a lively and interesting way. The site provides reminiscences and updates about other buildings of historic importance in Chester, as well as a gallery of images of Chester, old Chester and of the famous Mystery Plays. The paintings of Chester by Louiss Rayner together with a biography of the artist can be seen on the site.
This website provides commentary and images as well as practical details for visitors to a variety of major ancient Greek archaeological sites. Areas covered include Attica, northern Greece, the Peloponnese, and the islands of Aigina and Poros/Kelauria. A page of the resource is dedicated to each ancient site, and includes a detailed description, photographs and bibliographical information, as well as links to other relevant websites. There are also links to extracts from the accounts of 19th century topographers, which may be of interest to those studing the history of classical scholarship. The style of this online resource is informal but also informative and transcends the level of a mere travelogue which makes this website a useful complement to more academic publications on the topography of classical Greece.
This is a weblog (blog) devoted to reporting the use and abuse of Classics in the modern world. The author collates Internet-based media articles which relate to the ways in which Classics continues to influence contemporary culture and the media; the site is therefore a useful illustration of the continuing relevance of the study of the ancient world. The range of topics covered is vast, with blog posts being divided into sections whose headings include, for example: art and architecture; celebrities; education; medicine; philosophy; sport; and television. Links are also given to a wealth of other online resources relating to the legacy of Greece and Rome.
Andrew Wilson's Classics Pages form an extensive and well-designed website devoted to all aspects of ancient Greece and Rome. Several of the features have an interactive element, and there is something here to appeal to all levels of interest, from school to university teaching. A huge range of topics is covered here, with featured sections on: Greek literature (Homer's Iliad, Sappho, Aeschylus' Agamemnon, Sophocles' Oedipus and Antigone, Euripides, Aristophanes' Lysistrata and Peace, and Lucian); Latin literature (Catullus, Sulpicia, Virgil, Horace, Propertius and Apuleius, with extracts from texts in English and Latin); Plato's philosophy; a guide to figures from Greek mythology; an introduction to Greek architecture, pottery and sculpture (with images of artefacts); women in ancient Greece; the symposium; ancient technology; Eros; the Olympic Games; oracles; and the archaeology of ancient Greece and Sicily (accompanied by photographs and interactive tours of ancient sites). There is also a commentary, notes and vocabulary for Andrew Wilson's ancient Greek translation of Harry Potter. A lighthearted entertainment section features: quizzes and word games; rude Latin; classical phrases in everyday usage; the etymology of modern English names and words; and famous people who have had a classical education. The site is searchable by keyword, and if the search does not return an answer then the author is open to receiving email questions on any aspect of Classics. This resource is an excellent example the way in which the classical world can be made accessible to the current generation.
This is an umbrella website for the promotion of the study of the Classics in the United Kingdom, which is aimed both at schools and universities, in particular to encourage more students to take up courses at both levels. The site aims to answer questions such as 'why study Classics?' and provides information about studying classical subjects at a variety of institutions, as well as highlighting the role of the classical world in popular culture, film and the media. Links are given to the websites of the major associations promoting Classics in the UK, as well as to other online resources of interest to the classicist (this is organised by theme). A short reading list also provides a guide to some introductory works on the classical world for those interested in finding out more. This is an ideal site for prospective undergraduate students or those already engaged in the study of the ancient Greek and Roman world.
This website brings together film studies, costume history and the reception of Classics by examining portrayals of the clothes worn by the figure of Cleopatra on stage and screen. It begins with an examination of the ancient sources in an attempt to deduce what Cleopatra (69-30 BC) really wore, and further sections then take a chronological look at the theatrical dress given to Cleopatra since 1604. Inevitably much of the text focuses on performances of William Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra (first presented in 1606) through the centuries, but there is also information on other versions of the story, including Dryden's All For Love (1677), Sardou's Cleopatra (1890) and Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra (1906). Where movies are concerned, attention is paid to the film versions of the above plays as well as to other screen Cleopatras, including her character in Serpent of the Nile (1953), The Story of Mankind (1957), A Queen For Caesar (1962), Cleopatra (1963, with Elizabeth Taylor in the title role) and Carry on Cleo (1965). Each section is accompanied by images, quotations from press reviews and bibliography. There is also a brief chronological list of stage and screen Cleopatras for quick reference.
This is the website of the Propylaea project of the Center for the Study of Architecture (CSA); the project concentrates on a single building, the Propylaea, which is the gateway to the Athenian Acropolis. The website makes extensive use of computer aided design (CAD) techniques; detailed information about the survey methods used is provided here. In addition to a general introduction to the building, and an essential bibliography, the website provides access to several pictures accessible through plans of the building; the plans identify the angle at which the pictures were taken and the pictures are grouped accordingly. A CAD model of the Propylaea in DWG format is freely downloadable; it requires at least a browser plug-in to translate it to a virtual reality model, but would be most useful to those with previous knowledge of and access to CAD software.
'Demos : Classical Athenian democracy' is a on-going digital project aiming to provide a comprehensive online guide to Athenian political life in the 5th and 4th centuries BC in a fully interactive, hypertext medium. This attractively presented digital encyclopaedia, sponsored and published by the Stoa Consortium, makes extensive use of original historical and epigraphic source material as well as providing detailed essays on many aspects of the political institutions and leaders of Athens in the classical period. Extensively cross-referenced with the Perseus project, the resource also includes much iconographic material and many bibliographic citations. The long-term aim is to provide information on many aspects of Athenian life in this period for a wide audience at all levels of academic and general interest. Useful features include: details of tribal heroes and personifications of political and social ideas; a series of essays on ancient historians and literary genres; a section on the nature of the sources themselves; and a list of relevant inscriptions and potted accounts of political institutions. A general A-Z index is complemented by a more specialised index of historical sources. All of the major articles can be downloaded as PDF files. Other useful features include a series of FAQs and a guide to work-in-progress. This useful and stimulating website will benefit students, teachers and researchers in ancient history, classics and classical archaeology as well as those from the wider disciplines of politics and sociology who are interested in a comparative and historical perspective.
The Detective and the Toga is a website devoted to mystery novels which are set in and around ancient Rome, and as such will appeal to those interested in the modern reception and adaptation of ancient history as well as to those with a penchant for historical crime fiction. The site's main feature is a list of novels, arranged according to the language in which they are written (most major European languages feature, along with Japanese). The user may also browse by author, date of publication or the ancient time period in which the novels are set. Many of the entries feature a précis of the plot as well as publication details. Information about the authors is also given. Featured authors include Lindsey Davis (author of the Falco mysteries), Caroline Lawrence, John Maddox Roberts (SPQR series author), Rosemary Rowe (inventor of the detective Libertus), Steven W. Saylor, Marilyn Todd and David Wishart. Forthcoming titles are included as well as those already published.
Elpenor is a website which offers a bilingual anthology of Greek literature, featuring extracts of texts written in ancient, New Testament and modern Greek and accompanied by English translations. These are easily accessible and manageable chunks of original Greek works which could be used as a language learning tool. Both prose and poetry appear here, with featured authors including (among many others): Homer; Thucydides; Aristophanes; Plato; Origen; Plotinus; Gregory of Nyssa; and Cavafy. The site also offers a course in the Greek language, from learning the alphabet to the basics of Greek grammar, accompanied by extracts from original texts. A further section, entitled Libraries, offers: extracts from post-classical authors referring to classical themes or texts (this will be of use to those with an interest in the modern reception of the ancient world); Greek pronunciation audio files; extracts from secondary texts on aspects of the ancient world; a section dedicated to Constantinople; and an image gallery of paintings of Greece. The website also provides a discussion forum, and links to downloadable fonts to enable the user to read or write Greek. Whilst the site offers a range of useful resources, the presence of several advertisements on every page is distracting for the academic user and can make it tedious to navigate.
The Encyclopedia of the Hellenic World is a growing online resource which aims to collect, record and present data relating to the influence of Hellenism all over the world from antiquity to modern times. At the time of writing this review only the first volume of this encyclopaedia was available: this deals with the Hellenic presence in Asia Minor. Categories of information included in the resource are: place names; people; events; buildings; and issues of social, economic and cultural history. The site is attractive and easy to navigate and will potentially cover a vast range of subjects relating to Greek influence. The user can first access a summary of each topic (with geographical and chronological details) and may then view a more detailed article: many of the entries are also accompanied by images or maps. For each entry there is also a bibliography, a glossary of unfamiliar terms and a list of Web resources relating to the topic.
This is an online tour of the ancient city of Ephesus, one of the principal Ionian Greek cities on the west coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey), which was first colonised in the tenth century BC. The virtual panoramic tour takes the viewer around the archaeological site as it looks today, with explanatory text detailing key buildings of the Roman period in particular. Included are the Sacred Way, the library of Celsus (built AD 135), the Gate of Augustus, the first-century theatre, Temple of Hadrian (second century AD) and the odeon. For a fee, users may also download a more detailed illustrated guide to the history and archaeology of Ephesus (selected extracts of the guide are available as a free trial).
Fictional Rome is an online database of bibliographic and related information about English-language novels set in the ancient Roman world. The time-span for the project is from the days of the Republic to the close of the Western Empire in the sixth century. The database currently holds over 1500 entries. A selection of the titles have short reviews attached to them. The database can be searched by name, title, date of publication, subject, location and level. Each title has also been allocated a 'period code' which enables retrieval of titles relating to a general period or a specific emperor's reign. A typical record will also include a description of the subject matter (including whether Jewish, Christian or Pagan), and some indication of how the work has been rated by one of the project's reviewers. The site also includes: a short story database; browsing by author; a selection of essays about historical novels; basic information and links about non-fictional characters of the period; a time-line, discussion area and links to further resources. This extensive resource will be of particular value to those interested in the reception of ancient Rome in modern times.
This is the online presence of Friends of Classics, a charity devoted to promoting the study of classical civilisations in schools, particularly by funding the purchase of essential books, as well as organising social events for its members. The website provides details of the charity's mission and activities, as well as detailing the procedure for schools who wish to obtain funding. The site also features a series of blogs on the following topics: contemporary news items relevant to classicists; a calendar of the society's activities; reviews of relevant publications; and the 'Ancient and Modern' column written by one of the charity's co-founders, Peter Jones, for the Spectator magazine. The site will be of particular interest to those involved in teaching classical subjects at any level, not least for the way in which it provides insights into the continuing relevance of classical matters in the modern world.
George Ortiz spent over 40 years collecting works of art, and this website publishes online the complete corpus of his private collection. His predominant interest is Greece, and this is reflected in the dominance of Greek objects, ranging from a Neolithic steatopygus idol of the sixth millenium BC to a Late Hellenistic glass bowl of the first century AD. The collection is particularly rich in small archaic and classical bronzes. There are smaller quantities of Ancient Near Eastern, Egyptian, Etruscan, Achaemenid and Romance artefacts, and the total of 280 pieces also includes Polynesian, American, Chinese and African works amongst others. The website is attractively simple in presentation and each entry includes a photograph that can be enlarged and a well-written and referenced commentary. Twenty items can be viewed in 3-D, but QuickTime needs to be installed. There is also a search facility, and a glossary of relevant terms relating to ethnography and archaeology.
"Grand" is a website about the Gallo-Roman Sanctuary site at Grand, located in the North-West of France in the Vosges Department, which was first excavated in the early 19th century, when the substantial amphitheatre attracted scholarly interests. Later excavations, during the late 19th and 20th centuries, helped uncover and record the amphitheatre, the sanctuary's ramparts and several large, very well-preserved mosaics. The sanctuary's lack of water supply, in a region where drought was common, was puzzling until the discovery of over 300 wells, connected by a 15km long complex of underground galleries for running water, sometimes at a depth of over 12 metres. The website provides a description of the archaeological site itself, rather than the separate excavations undertaken. Photographic images coupled with hand-drawn reconstructions provide support to the text.
The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston holds one of the premier collections of Greek and Roman antiquities, and this Web page, part of the Museum's online collections database, presents a range of works associated with Greek mythology from the 6th century BC to the 3rd century AD. The media include painted vases, stone and bronze sculpture, coins and jewellery. There are in total 137 objects, and they can be arranged according to catalogue reference, accession number, culture (e.g., Mycenean, Archaic Greek, South Italian), subject or artist name. Some excellent and famous pieces are included, such as the Dokimasia Painter's 'Oresteia' calyx-krater, the 'Boston throne' and the 'Bartlett' Aphrodite head. The major Greco-Roman gods are illustrated, as are a number of depictions of Medusa, Herakles performing his labours, and other mythological figures, such as genii on Roman sarcophagi. There is a search facility that covers everything within the online collection. Each entry is accompanied by a description of the content, date, size and the musuem inventory number. No bibliography is detailed, but details of provenance/ ownership history are included. Perhaps the most useful aspect of this resource are the photos that accompany the text.. The photos are of high quality and the interactive zoom feature produces details of fine quality that enable close scrutiny.
This online resource, produced by a student from the University of Glasgow's Department of Archaeology, provides an insight into the political and constructional history of Hadrian's Wall, which was completed in 136 CE. The website details the different plans and stages involved during the wall's construction. Sections giving information on the the wall's purpose, modifications and political environment are presented, accompanied by extensive photo libraries of today's visible remains; these include images of the forts and milecastles as well as the wall itself. Pages on the Raetian Limes, the Antonine Wall and the Gask Ridge are also provided; these give further information on Roman military defences and frontiers both in Britain and throughout Europe.
The Greek temples of Paestum (ancient Poseidonia) in southern Italy are among the best preserved religious structures from antiquity and had been an important source of knowledge about Greek architecture since antiquarians began to take an interest in them during the 18th century. This attractively produced resource provides an illustrated introduction to various aspects of the Temple of Athena (once known as the temple of Ceres) in its wider historical and cultural context, especially its technical and architectural properties and its position within the tradition of western Greek Doric design, as well as offering a VRML 3D reconstruction of the building. Founded around 600 BC in a fertile plain near the river Sele (probably by the older Greek settlement of Sybaris), the extremely wealthy city of Paestum initiated a major architectural programme in the 530s which resulted in the construction of no less than three monumental temples on the highest part of the site. Apart from the technical analysis of the temple architecture and how the building was constructed and used (including a useful outline of Doric design and the still poorly understood but highly significant influence of Ionic architecture on western Greek architecture), the resource also provides a background account of Greek settlement in southern Italy and the cultural and political connections of the town with its Greek and non-Greek neighbours. There is also a fairly extensive and up-to-date bibliography, a selection of maps and a useful glossary. This website will benefit francophone students and researchers of Greek archaeology and art as well as architectural historians interested in the development of one of the most famous building types and styles of human culture.
Based around Homer's archaic Greek epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey (probably eighth century BC), this online resource provides detailed summaries of the texts as well as short discussions of a range of aspects of the ancient epics. It is aimed primarily at those who are new to the study of Homer. Further sections look at Greece in Homeric times and the historical background to Homer and his work. Perhaps the most interesting aspect of the site is, however, a series of explorations of other (modern) texts which are based on Homer. These include: Joyce's Ulysses (with a chapter-by-chapter summary of the novel as compared with the Odyssey); Tolkien's Gondolin; and Scott's Ivanhoe. A basic bibliography is also provided.
This website provides a lecture-style illustrated introduction to ancient Greek and Roman comedy, an excellent overview (by Roger Dunkle of the Classics Department of Brooklyn College) of the subject for school and undergraduate level students of classics and related disciplines. The 29 sections introduce the origins of classical comedy and its role in the religious festivals of Athens, which were established in honour of the god Dionysius. It particularly relates to the Great (or City) Dionysia, one of the two Dionysian festivals (the other being the Rural Dionysia) that was probably established in the 6th century BC, but that is best documented from the 5th century BC onwards. The website outlines the form and function of the theatres and their technical equipment with reference to surviving literary, iconographic and archaeological evidence. There is much useful information on genre, aspects of performance, the role of actors and chorus, and on music, as well as a modest bibliography suitable for undergraduate reading. The text is hypertexted throughout to the Perseus digital library for convenient reference, which makes it an ideal online resource for students taking classical civilisation at an elementary level.
This online resource is a clearly-written and well-illustrated introduction to Greek tragedy aimed at undergraduates studying Classics and related subjects, by Roger Dunkle of the Classics Department of Brooklyn College, New York. Presented in lecture form, the course consists of 24 sections which include the following: an explanation of the origins of tragedy in the religious festivals of ancient Greece (particularly the City Dionysia in Athens); information about the locations of ancient theatres and an analysis of their architectural and technical details; a discussion of the written and iconographic sources for the Greek theatre; and sections on the actors, chorus, music and production of a play. The only drawback is the absence of a bibliography or of sources for the archaeological material such as the admirable series of painted vase scenes which reflect the origin of the text in the lecture hall. Nonetheless, the resource will benefit school and undergraduate students of ancient literature and society, as well as those interested in comparative literature and drama.
This wide-ranging and attractively produced website, 'Underwater archeology', available in French, English and Arabic, provides an illustrated introduction to the history, methods and major discoveries of underwater explorers, particularly those carried out by the research teams of DRASSM, the Départment des recherches archéologiques subaquatics et sous-marines of the French Ministry of Culture. Underwater archaeology has had a long, though sporadic, history, from the time Roman divers salvaged the cargo of amphoras from a shipwreck in the first century BC to the development of the modern aqualung by Cousteau and Gagnan in 1943. The resource features: a historical chronicle of major developments in maritime archaeology particularly since the designs of Leonardo da Vinci followed by the practical attempts to construct artificial breathing apparatus in the 17th century; an outline of the principal methods of underwater prospection and excavation of wrecks together with notes about the conservation of submerged organic materials; a major survey of shipwrecks around the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of France (a sample of some 700 known) in addition to others sites in Malta, Gabon, Martinique and the Indian Ocean; an account of underwater archaeology in Egypt, in particular the spectacular rediscovery of the submerged parts of Alexandria and of the numerous Greek and Roman wrecks off the Egyptian coast. This notable didactic resource will benefit and improve both amateurs and professionals alike, especially undergraduate students of Mediterranean archaeology and history but also anyone interested in wider issues of world archaeology, trade routes, conservation of underwater finds and heritage issues related to shipwreck sites.
This is the website of the Latin Programme (formerly CAGSE Foundation until September 2010), a registered charity whose mission is to bring Latin into primary schools as a way of improving literacy. The foundation's pilot scheme (entitled Latin and Literacy) was launched in five London boroughs in 2007/2008, and this website provides details of the foundation's methods and objectives, as well as highlighting the benefits of learning Latin. The following information is available here: details of events for schoolteachers and children (including storytelling events and a project to encourage children to explore the relationship between London's present and its ancient Roman past); biographies of CAGSE's teachers (with links to blogs written by the teachers and some of their pupils); and a list of participating schools. There are also links to some Latin resources for pupils, including fun Latin facts and recordings of songs to help children to remember key grammatical points. This resource demonstrates the way in which study of the ancient world can successfully be brought to children of any age, and in doing so it helps to refute the assertion that classical subjects are no longer relevant in today's world.
This website, produced by retired lecturer Julia Bolton Holloway, is concerned with the comedies of the Latin playwright Terence (Publius Terentius Afer, ca 186-159 BCE) and their reception during the medieval period. It provides the Latin texts of his plays Heauton Timoroumenos ('The Self-Tormentor' and Eunuchus, and provides links to other online texts of his works. It also contains medieval texts influenced by the plays of Terence, such as Hrotswitha of Gandesheim's 'Abraham and Mary' and 'Pafnutius and Thais', also in Latin. There are a number of secondary essays about Terence and his legacy, and links to sites about Terence manuscripts and iconography. A bibliography of manuscripts and early printed editions is included, along with medieval illustrations.
The basis of this website is the text of a lecture on the Metamorphoses of Ovid (43BC-AD17) delivered by Ian Johnston, a Research Associate of Malaspina University College, Nanaimo, British Columbia. The content of the lecture is suitable for those who are new to the study of this Latin poet. After a brief insight into the historical events preceding the composition of Ovid's poem, the author focuses primarily on the reasons why the Metamorphoses has remained so popular since its composition. Specific sections examine the following: Ovid's popularity since classical times; elements of Ovid's narrative style; Ovid's vision of life in relation to the concept of metamorphosis; the poet's transformation of mythological themes. There is also a short introductory bibliography. All extracts from the text are given in English translation.
This is an excellent resource offering articles on ancient history and archaeology together with an impressive library of photographic images of ancient sites which can be down-loaded for free for non-commercial use. The website is laid out geographically with sections on Greece, Persia, Anatolia, Carthage and Punic Sicily, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Judaea, Germania and Rome (as well a Dutch language resource on Dutch history) while the authoritative but very readable text has many cross links between them. There is no overall structure to individual sections: the Greek entries have a strong emphasis on Alexander the Great and his successors, on various authors such as Plutarch and Herodotos (including selections of extracted texts) and a series of short encyclopaedia-style entries on politicians, philosophers and literary figures. The Judaean passages discuss, for instance, Messianic claimants, the Diaspora and anti-Semitism in the ancient and mediaeval worlds, alongside more linear accounts of the Roman wars and potted biographies of leading Jewish figures. This website will benefit both students and teachers of the ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern world but the author makes the pointed observation that students must combine the use of electronic resources with proper library research for which the Web is not a substitute.
Over 1,500 colour as well as black and white photographs relating to ancient Greece and Rome taken by the author primarily teaching purposes have been scanned and published online. There are also some non-ancient photographic subjects that have been useful for teaching, such as a photograph of a medieval cathedral for comparison with Roman architecture or a few images of a modern street market in Naples. The site offers a link to a software (Macintosh only) written by the author for teachers of Latin. An internal search engine is also available. The collection can be browsed by subject: England; France; Greece; Italy - (Rome, the Pantheon, Sicily, Italy except Rome and Sicily); and special selections of images (including the Roman house, and some Virgilian sites [Vergil]). The images can be accessed directly or previewed in thumbnails. Information relating to copyright, author and date the photograph has been taken is provided for each image.
Marbles Reunited is a British-based group co-ordinating the campaign activites of a number of individuals and groups who wish to see the repatriation of the Psrthenon sculptures, currently housed in the British Museum. It thus serves as an organising body for establised groups such as Parthenon 2004 and the British Committee for the Restitution of the Parthenon Marbles. This includes support for the proposal of the Greek government to reunite the sculptures with fragments still in Athens in a purpose-built musuem, on permanent loan. The website is distinctly forward looking; there is little exploration of how the sculptures got to the British museum, nor Greek and English responses through the nineteenth and twentieth century. What is clear is the organisation's disatisfaction with the current situation, where the sculptures are "displayed in a side hall and a couple of corridors of the British Museum." The website concentrates on future plans, detailing the Greek proposal and the new Akropolis museum, but also the advantages to the British Museum, "a 'win-win' situation" as the organisation terms it. In addition to contact details and resources for those interested in joining the campaign, there is a list of high-profile supporters and relevant links, an archive of press releases, and a page of responses to frequently asked questions. At the time of writing, a significant proportion of the site was still under construction. In addition to the text, there is an interactive guide that requires Macromedia Flash Player
The extensive and impressive collection of Greek and Roman antiquities in New York's Metropolitan Museum is represented in this well-presented website by photographs of fifty highlights. These range from the third millennium BC (Early Cycladic I/II period) to the third century AD, and include vases, sculptures and metal objects. Each object is accompanied by its inventory numbers, dimensions, and details of material. Descriptions are provided for all pieces, although without reference to notable bibliography. The high-quality photos can be enlarged by being clicked on, and alternate views are offered. There is a search facility restricted to the fifty highlights. The links to other parts of the museum's website are straightforward, and include a history of the gallery of Greek and Roman art and its collections.
Modern Actors Staging Classics (MASC) is a Canadian theatre company which attempts to produce faithful reconstructions (in translation) of ancient Greek and Roman tragedy and comedy on the modern stage, and this is their website. It contains information on their production of plays by Euripides, Sophocles, Aristophanes and Plautus. The site will be of interest to those looking for information on the performance reception of classical drama. In particular, it provides an insight into some of the problems of staging ancient plays with which modern directors and performers must engage. Each production is detailed here with photographs and accompanying text which highlights many of the issues involved in producing classical theatre. Stage and set design, costumes, masks, use of actors and the relationship of the actors/characters with the audience are all touched upon here. The site also gives some suggestions for further reading on several of the plays, as well as links to online reviews of individual productions (found in the online journal Didaskalia).
This is the official website of the Roman Baths in the city of Bath, England. Describing Bath as 'one of the finest thermal spas of the ancient world', this excellent resource provides detailed information about the history and features of the Roman site. One of it's most interesting features is a 'walkthrough' of the baths which contains images of and information about the different sections of the building. Detailed descriptions of the Roman site can be found here, as well as information about how its appearance has changed over time. Images of selected items from the Roman Baths Museum can also be seen on the website, with accompanying textual explanation. Items featured on the website include: a temple pediment featuring a Gorgon's head; a gilt bronze head of Minerva; and a stone inscription set up by a priest (haruspex). There is also a fully searchable database of the museum's collection, which provides images and information on its holdings. In addition, the website includes information on the wide range of educational services (from school to university level) which are provided by the museum, as well as details (such as opening times and information about facilities) to help visitors to plan their trip to Bath.
This is the online version of the 1998 exhibition Oxyrhynchus : a city and its texts, which was held at the University of Oxford. Taking place one hundred years after the original publication of the Oxyrhynchus papyri, this exhibition was accompanied by a conference dedicated to the papyri and the archaeological excavations which unearthed them. The website presents a wealth of short articles on various aspects of the papyri and their discovery; these articles are well illustrated with photographs from the excavations as well as images of the documents themselves. Themes include: the site of Oxyrhynchus (with description and images of the buildings there); the excavations (from the work of Grenfell and Hunt in the late nineteenth century onwards); papyri relating to daily life (with sub-sections on religion, entertainment and magic); scribes and scholars (with images and description of papyri relating to key ancient texts); and material culture. This well-presented website provides a fascinating insight into these hugely important documents and the processes by which they were brought to light.
This excellent website, from the Department of Art History and Archaeology at Columbia University, presents a series of plans relating to the Parthenon, the dominant temple on the Athenian Acropolis (built c. 447-432 BCE). By clicking on particular locations on each plan the user may also access a series of images which provide views of the temple, and other ancient sites around Athens, from a variety of different perspectives (QuickTime viewer is required for this feature). The following plans are provided: the ancient city of Athens, showing the location of the Acropolis and Agora with key buildings marked; the Acropolis and its buildings, also indicating the route of the Panathenaic procession; the Parthenon itself; the replica of the Parthenon in Nashville, Tennesse. There is also a section which combines the images of the Parthenon as it stands today with those of the replica. This combination of ruins and replica is particularly well-thought out as it allows the user to visualise how the temple would have looked in its original state as well as gaining a clear idea of how it looks today.
This online resource is dedicated to the marble sculptures - the metopes, frieze, and pediment statues - which originally adorned the Parthenon in Athens. It includes an image gallery of the marbles, and a history of the sculptures from their production in the fifth century BC to their removal to London by Lord Elgin in the early nineteenth century. The site's bias is towards the return of the marbles to Greece, although it provides information on both sides of this debate. This includes updates on the campaign for their return, media coverage of the topic and the arguments of the British government and the British Museum against the return of the sculptures.
This special website from the Guardian newspaper collates reports and commentary covering the debate over the Parthenon Marbles, which are currently housed in the British Museum. There are direct links to the latest stories and access to older articles in the Guardian's archive (going back to May 1999). The interactive guide to the history of the sculptures gives a brief account of the background; a link to a more complete history leads to a website from the Hellenic Electronic Center. In addition, there are reports relating to British and Greek perspectives, as well as those relating to the British government and the British museum. All reports and commentaries come from the Guardian or Observer. This site is a useful place to explore the differing perspectives on whether the marbles should be returned to Greece.
This online catalogue of buildings found at archaeological sites throughout the ancient Greek world is provided by the Perseus digital library. The user may enter a search term for a particular site or building, or may browse the catalogue via the alphabetical table of contents. A wide range of types of buildings is covered and includes the following: temples; stoas; treasuries; theatres; palaces; and gymnasia. Featured archaeological sites include, among others: Aegina; Athens; Delos; Delphi; Eleusis; Epidauros; Miletus; Mycenae; Olympia; Priene; and Samos. Full catalogue entries include a description of the building as well as links to other resources on the Perseus website. These include images, maps, plans and links to secondary source material, as well as links to information on other related or comparable buildings.
This Web resource accompanies Penelope Allison's 2003 book 'Pompeian households: An analysis of the material culture' (Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Monograph 42) and provides a valuable description and analysis of the form, function and decoration of 30 atrium houses found in Pompeii, together with an extensive database of their artefactual contents. Published by the Stoa Consortium, this website will benefit students and researchers of Roman history and archaeology as well as those interested in the history of domestic interiors and the anthropology of space. The houses analysed here were excavated between 1826 and 1978 so the level of documentation varies tremendously. Many of the objects from older exploration lack contextual or stratigraphical information but Allison's careful analysis of the scientifically excavated houses provides a framework for understanding the masses of material which cannot be assigned a definite findspot. Each house is described room by room in terms of function, decoration and architectural layout (with plans and photographs). The houses are also placed within the wider urban context of Pompeii and readers with SVG graphics can browse an interactive map of the town which links with the main catalogue of houses. Earlier scholarly interpretations are also discussed in the light or more recent understanding of the archaeology of the town. The site also provides an extensive glossary and bibliography as well as help in using the resource and its database.
This website presents information and photographs relating to archaeological surveys undertaken in the forum at Pompeii, which was destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79. The Pompeii Forum Project is a collaborative venture sponsored by the National [USA] Endowment for the Humanities and the University of Virginia (amongst others). A large archive of black and white images of the buildings found there is online here, along with detailed reports on the technology and instruments used to undertake the surveys. Further reports give details of a project which uses the principles of structural engineering to investigate the reconstruction of Pompeii after an earthquake there in AD 62 (seventeen years before the eruption of Vesuvius). The focus is on the urban centre of the Roman city of Pompeii, and its urban history through to modern times. There are also links to further resources on Pompeii for use by teachers and students, and a list of lectures and publications relating to the project.
This website describes itself as the 'home of Alexander the Great' (Alexander III of Macedon, 356-323 BC) on the Web and features pages on all aspects of this historical figure. The articles here are primarily narrative accounts without scholarly analysis or reference to primary sources, yet the scope of the information included makes this resource a useful introduction to the topic. Key themes which are covered include: Alexander's life and his family; art and legends relating to Alexander; his horse, Bucephalus; wars, campaigns and battles; the geography, culture and religion of Alexander's world; other key historical figures of the period; Alexander's sexuality; his death; and movies relating to Alexander. There is also a 'showcase' of summaries and extracts from new Alexander novels and books (some of which are still works in progress), and an extensive range of reviews of both scholarly works and fiction on all aspects of Alexander. The site also has a discussion forum.
This short Web page, compiled by Dr Norman Prinsky of Augusta State University, is a useful basic starting point for anyone interested in the post-classical reception and translation of Virgil's Latin epic poem, the Aeneid. The site provides a list of English translations of the poem since the sixteenth century, with details of whether these are in verse, blank verse or prose. It also makes available a collection (although rather limited) of images of post-Renaissance artistic works (sculptures and paintings) based on scenes from the Aeneid. There is also a list of musical works which are based on the poem. Finally, a series of sample essay questions on the Aeneid is given - these could be used or adapted by tutors at university level.
This website presents the results of the Pylos Regional Archaeology Project (PRAP), which investigated the history of land use and landscape development around the Late Bronze Age palace (the so-called Palace of Nestor) near Pylos in Messenia, south-western Greece. In addition to preliminary reports of fieldwork between 1992-1997 and a bibliography of research by PRAP members, the site also provides detailed reports on the re-examination of finds from 1998-2005. The site also contains the following: a gazetteer of archaeological sites with accompanying thumb-nail maps; pottery and small finds databases, with images and descriptions of finds; a three-dimensional tour of the Palace of Nestor (this requires Quick Time); and photographs of the study area. This resource will be of particular use to undergraduate students and researchers interested in Mediterranean landscapes and survey methodology and in the long-term economic and social history of south-western Greece.
Rogueclassicism is a regularly updated weblog ('blog') dedicated to the classical world. Highlights include 'This day in ancient history' and 'Classical words of the day'. Also featured are articles extracted from worldwide English-language press and classical journals relating to all aspects of the ancient world and its relevance in modern life. The vast range of topics covered defies summary, although recurring themes include: archaeology; comparisons between ancient and modern politics; the ancient world on television; parallel themes found in ancient and modern literature and popular culture; the Latin and Greek languages; and the teaching of Classics. There are also extracts from recent journal articles and book reviews (taken from, for example, Arethusa and Bryn Mawr Classical Review). Archives of the site dating back to August 2003 can be accessed, and there is a list of links to other weblogs with classical themes. This site is testament to the assertion that Classics is indeed alive and well in the modern world.
Compiled by Mary Harrsch, Director of Information Technology at the University of Oregon's College of Education, this weblog acts as an online 'magazine' which focuses on the Roman empire and the civilisations which interacted with it. Blog posts feature updates about topics such as: developments in the study of ancient history; museum news relating to Roman artefacts; information on classical pedagogy; and references to Roman history in popular culture. The website also features sub-sections on the following related themes: Roman archaeology; scholars working in the field of Roman studies; academic presentations on the Roman empire (with extracts from articles and links to any online versions of these); recently published books and novels on various aspects of the ancient world; and news about games and entertainment based on Roman themes. This diligently-updated blog will be of particular interest to those interested in the modern reception of classical history, as well as to those with a broader interest in ancient Rome.
This is the website to accompany Guy de la Bédoyí Ã‚Â¨re's Television series "The Romans in Britain" telling the story of the Roman occupation and its lasting impact - "The Romans helped shape the modern world, but as we are entering a new millennium their influence seems to be waning. How wide is the gap between our perceptions of the Romans and what we actually know about them?". This was broadcast on BBC2 and as part of the Open University's Open2 presentations. Contributors to the series in support of the prolific writer (and now presenter) de la Bédoyí Ã‚Â¨re are archaeologists Gustav Milne (Museum of London), Professor Martin Millett (Southampton University), Simon James, Stewart Ainsworth (Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, and Channel Four's "Time Team"), Lindsay Allason-Jones (Museum of Antiquities, University of Newcastle upon Tyne), Bill Griffiths (Tyne and Wear Museums); Gerald Brodribb; Sally Grainger ; David Rudkin (Fishbourne Roman Palace ) and Eugene Fraser (Butser Ancient Farm), and the prolific and respected writer, and director of the Vindolanda Trust - Robin Birley. The website is separated into the 3 episodes: Fact and Fable; Coming Of Age; and Hadrian's Wall. The full transcript of the programmes are available under "Script" and they are the most interesting part of the website. The left navigation provides links to: a timeline; details of the main locations visited in the series; an extensive reading list, links to other sites; and more information about the Open University courses that the programmes support.
The website Skenotheke: Images of the Ancient Stage has been developed by John Porter, a classical archaeologist based at the University of Saskatchewan in Canada. The site is dedicated to images of ancient Greek and Roman theatre which are available on the Web; as such, whilst it does not feature original content, it is a very useful one-stop resource for those interested in ancient drama and the locations where this was performed. Links are provided to virtual reconstructions of ancient theatres, as well as to images of modern productions of classical plays. Images of ancient theatres are arranged by geographical location. Sections are dedicated to the following: the theatre of Dionysus at Athens; deme theatres; other theatres across mainland Greece (including those at Corinth, Delphi and Epidauros); the theatres of Asia Minor; and those on the Greek islands. There are also resources on Roman theatre including that at Pompeii. In addition, the site offers a collection of images of Greek and Roman drama shown in ancient art (including: vase paintings; figurines; mosaics; frescoes; and architectural decoration). These images would be useful for those studying acting in the Greek theatre and related topics such as Greek masks. The site offers resources for the study of satyr plays and comedy as well as Greek tragedy.
Coptic is the name given to the latest stage of the ancient Egyptian language from the first century BC and written in an alphabet deriving from Greek and Demotic. The term is applied more generally to the distinct culture of Egyptian Christianity and its diaspora which still uses the Coptic language in its religious rituals. This website, produced by the St Shenouda the Archimandrite Coptic Society of Los Angeles, is part of an on-going project to preserve and promote Coptic culture by providing digital resources for Coptic language, literary, archaeological and artistic study. Projects include the Coptic Microfilm Library (CML) which aims to put all relevant Coptic and Arabic texts online and the Mapping of Coptic Monuments project, which will record all Egyptian Christian architectural and archaeological sites. The Manual of Coptic Studies (at the time of review almost completely empty and not updated since 1996) includes: the liturgy and texts of Coptic Christianity; a history of the language; a guide to Coptic writing; a directory of Coptic scholars. Other features include a useful slide show of frescoes from Coptic churches and monasteries. There is also a run of newsletters from the mid-1990s and downloadable software. The links page provides further information on websites of Coptic interest.
This is the website of Thiasos, a London-based theatre company which aims to revive the performance of ancient Greek tragedy and comedy by using music, dance and spectacle, and in particular by emphasising the role of a singing and dancing Chorus. The company also aims to draw lessons from other world theatrical cultures and to apply these to its performance of Greek drama (for example by recasting Euripides' Hippolytus as an Indonesian-style dance drama). Their productions attempt to recreate ancient music and choreography using what scant evidence remains, and their website offers insights into this approach. This site will therefore be of particular use to those interested in the performance reception of classical drama. Details are given here of the plays which have been produced by Thiasos: Aeschyluls' Persians; Euripides' Hippolytus, Medea, and Bacchae; and Aristophanes' Wealth and Peace. The approach undertaken for each play is described, and the explanatory text is accompanied by production photographs as well as samples of music which can be downloaded by the user. The site also features the text of interviews with members of the company on particular aspects of performance: music, masks and the Chorus.
This resource, compiled by Charles Lohr of the University of Freiburg, is essentially a vast online bibliography of books and articles relating to the reception of classical authors and texts throughout Europe up to 1650. It deals with publications in most major European languages. Organised alphabetically by ancient author, the list covers works dealing with translations, adaptations and transmission of texts as well as, for example, productions of ancient drama, the influence of ancient philosophy and the broader impact of Greek and Latin texts on modern western literature and education. Every genre of ancient literature is covered here, including: epic; lyric; tragedy; comedy; historiography; oratory; philosophy; and satire. Also included are several medieval and Renaissance authors. Whilst the entries are not annotated (the sheer number of references contained here prohibits this), these pages are nonetheless an excellent starting point for researchers interested in the classical tradition and the reception of ancient texts since the Renaissance. The site is navigable in English and German.
Trajan's Column is an online collection of images and background material on the Roman monument, a 100 foot stone column recording the military victories of the Roman Emperor Trajan (reigned 98-117 CE) over the Dacians and the Germans in the second century CE,which is one of the most remarkable and best preserved survivals of monumental art from classical antiquity. This website provides a searchable database of over 500 images focusing on various aspects of the design and execution of the column's sculptural decoration as well as several introductory essays on the historical background, subject matter and wider physical context of the monument within the Forum of Trajan in Rome, presented throughout within a hypertext medium. This highly user-friendly resource is designed to be accessible to individuals at varying levels of knowledge and experience of the subject. An elaborate search engine allows you to explore highly specific aspects of the monument while Claudio Martini's interactive cartoon of the entire column provides an excellent introduction to the overall design and layout of the monument and contextualises the individual details provided by the database of images. The site can also be explored through the use of indices organised according to: subject; sculptural technique; and scene number or location. The high quality images (slides and drawings) were generated by sculptor Peter Rockwell, over the course of his study of Roman stone-carving practices, and can be viewed at three different resolutions. Technical information on all the imaging and programming details (including the programming code) is also provided. This detailed, stimulating and attractively presented website will interest archaeologists and classicists as well as art and military historians at many levels from the general public and novice undergraduate to the more experienced researcher.
This is the websit of the Trireme Trust, which was formed in 1982 to investigate the design and performance of triremes, Greek warships of the classical and Hellenistic periods. It has achieved this primarily through sea trials involving the rowing of Olympias, the reconstruction of an ancient trireme built by the Hellenic Navy and Greek Ministry of Tourism. The Trust's website presents both pictures and information relating to Olympias as well as newsletters, details of press coverage, conference reports, texts of relevant academic articles and a bibliography. These pages may be of interest to scholars of ancient maritime history and archaeology.
This website describes the University of Chicago's excavations, since 1989, of the sanctuary of Poseidon at Isthmia near Corinth; this was one of the most important religious centres of the ancient Greek world and the location of the pan-Hellenic games. In addition to reports for the 1989-2007 field seasons, the resource includes a number of articles on various aspects of ancient Isthmia as well as a bibliography of publications by the project team. The resource offers numerous useful maps, plans and photographs of the sanctuary. Particularly attractive is a series of 3D views and contour plans illustrating the architectural development of the sanctuary of Poseidon from the 8th to the 3rd centuries BCE. Ability to view large images (using Adobe Acrobat) is required. This site will be of value both to undergraduates and to those initiating research into the archaeology of Greek religion and social life.
The website "Vindolanda Tablets Online" is an excellent site which provides an online database of the Vindolanda Tablets found at the Vindolanda fortress near Hadrian's Wall dating from the first century of the common era. The site is extremely easy to navigate and features a help section. The database is intended to be used as a learning tool for teaching Latin and Classics at all levels; primary school (there is a link to the Latin course for primary schools, Minimus), A and AS levels, undergraduate, postgraduate and for research purposes. The website is based on the publication of three volumes of materials on the tablets, but obviously offers many more facilities than the printed form. There is a section on the background history to the fort of Vindolanda, where the tablets were found. The tablets provide information on the social, cultural, and military history of the fortress. There is an online exhibition of the tablets, which features sections on people, places, documents, reading the tablets, and forts and military life. An excellent reference section provides information about Roman systems of dates, measures, currencies, military units and ranks, and Roman nomenclature. The tablets themselves can be viewed individually, and through an image zooming viewer. The tablets are arranged as a fully searchable set of digital materials with information included that is related to the tablets. The texts of the tablets can be searched by document type, people, places, military terms, archaeology, and other terms. A comprehensive links page provides information on over 70 websites and a bibliography of printed material. The project is based within the Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents, Oxford University and is funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The initial capture of the digital images was supported by an Arts and Humanities Research Board grant.
Vindolanda is a Roman fort and civilian settlement lying just to the south of Hadrian's Wall. The Roman Army Museum, adjacent to the Roman site of Carvoran, 8 miles to the west, (one of the best preserved sections of the Wall), offers an insight into the garrisons of Hadrian's Wall. Roman Vindolanda and The Roman Army Museum are both part of the Hadrian's Wall World Heritage Site. Presented in this website is essential visitor information and background to the museum and the Vindolanda Trust (that provides research, education and the public display of the monument and finds from the Vindolanda excavations) and the Trust's base in the country house of Chesterholm. There are also preliminary reports (news) of all the archaeological excavations carried out since 1997 (the most interesting section), a bookshop, tourist information and a growing Roman and general history links page.
Virgil Resources is a website which provides a comprehensive range of resources for students and scholars of the ancient Latin poet Virgil (Vergil 70-19 BC). The site is attractively designed and illustrated, and provides comprehensive bibliographies and book reviews of recently published secondary works on Virgil. There is also biographical material on the poet's life, including a translation of Aelius Donatus' fourth-century AD Life of Virgil. The site provides well-annotated links to internet resources relating specifically to Julius Caesar and Caesar Augustus, as well as to other web pages on Virgil and Latin poetry. There are also images of maps relating to Aeneas' Italy and the ancient world. The site provides particularly useful information about the post-classical reception of Virgil. Also provided here is a link to the Mantovano mailing list for discussion of Virgil and related studies.
This is a chronological list of Roman emperors (27 BC to 476 AD) with enlargeable images of portraits for many of them. These include busts, sculptures and other contributions they made to Roman art or architecture. There is also a list of links to Roman art websites.
This is the website of the Warburg Institute, a department of the University of London which aims to further the study of those elements of European art, literature and philosophy which are derived from the ancient world. The site provides a wide range of resources and includes: information on the Institute's history; details of staff and students (including information on fellowships and graduate study programmes); a programme of events; contents lists for the Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes from 1937 to the present; the Institute's newsletter; details of its publications; a link to the library catalogue and index of the Institute's photographic collection. Perhaps most usefully for researchers, the Institute's digital collections of texts can also be accessed here, with out-of-print source material on medieval and Renaissance studies available for download in PDF format. Topics covered by these e-texts include: Renaissance Platonism; sources in Italian art; sources in the history of astrology; the iconography of Christian art; and the survival of classical art.
The Austrian Archeological Institute's website is extremely well presented. Archaeological digs which the Institute have undertaken include about a dozen sites in Austria, as well as four sites without (Ephesos, in modern Turkey, Aigeora and Lousoi in Greece, and Tell el-Dab'a in Egypt). Information concerning the Egyptian dig is not actually on this website, but it refers the reader to two connected websites (the Institute of Egyptology and 'SCIEM 2000'). When one clicks on the city of one's choice, one is met with a succinct history of the city and the excavations, which are accompanied by relevant colour pictures. There is also a bibliography and contact details of those who have worked on the excavations should one require more information. In addition to the above, there is a list of the Institutes publications (including forthcoming ones). It should be noted, however, that the books, unlike, the website, are only available in German.