The Ancient Commentators on Aristotle Project is run by the Department of Philosophy at King's College London, and this is its website. The project aims to make available in English translation the principal ancient commentaries on the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BC). This site makes available online several documents (in PDF format) related to the project. It should be noted, however, that the translated commentaries themselves are unavailable here (links are provided for those wishing to purchase these online). Nonetheless, researchers of Aristotle will find several items of interest. Chief among these is an extensive bibliographical guide to recent works on the commentators. This is an annotated list of articles and books relating to the ancient Greek, Arabic and Latin commentaries on Aristotle. Also provided here are lists of volumes produced by the project, including translations and explanatory works.
This website acts as an introduction to ancient rhetoric, and was constructed by Malcolm Heath of the classics department at the University of Leeds in order to assist students taking his course on the ancient art of persuasion. As well as a very useful downloadable course handbook (in PDF format) which provides an introduction to ancient rhetorical theory, the site also provides: papers on rhetorical invention and declamation; an introduction to Hermogenes' On Issues; and translations of parts of some ancient textbooks on rhetoric, Aphthonius' and Libanius' Preliminary Exercises (progymnasmata). Given the less familiar nature of these texts, this site is a useful contribution to rhetoric studies on the Internet.
The Archelogos Project website is the home of an ambitious and exciting project, based at the University of Edinburgh. The project's aim is the creation of an electronic database recording all the philosophical arguments that can be extracted from the works of the ancient Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle. The database, which is designed for online viewing, is still a work in progress, but substantial sections of text are already available. Arguments are presented hierarchically: each of the main points can be expanded to reveal the sub-arguments. Citations are given for each argument's location in the original work, plus links to both the Greek texts and English translations. There are also notes on alternative interpretations of words and phrases, and references to other passages where similar themes occur. Analyses have been commissioned from specialists in ancient philosophy, and are overseen by an academic board drawn from universities around the world. The Archelogos Database is one of several interesting and innovative on-going University of Edinburgh projects relating to ancient philosophy; links to the others are also provided.
Aristoteles Latinus is a project aiming to produce a multi-volume critical edition of all the medieval translations of Aristotle from Greek to Latin, including a critical apparatus evidencing the way in which Aristotle's texts became known in the West. The project is under development at the De Wulf-Mansion Centre, Catholic University, Louvain and it is receiving support from the International Union of Academies. Twenty-seven volumes have already been published during the last 50 years and they are listed on the project website. They include the entire corpus of Aristotle's logical works; his Metaphysics and Nicomachean Ethics; and several versions of the physical and technical works. The complete texts are available in printed form and in an electronic database (ALD-1) on CD-Rom. The two are not identical, however, as much of the critical apparatus, indexes and other tools have not been included in the electronic version. On the website there is also a list of editions in progress as well as a list of future editions to be considered. There is other useful information on the website including information about related research projects, lectures and events.
This website consists of an online text of Aristotle's Rhetoric and a short bibliography of secondary works. The text used as the basis for this is W Rhys Roberts' English translation of 1954. Each of the three books of the rhetoric is given its own web page, with Roberts' extended indexes linking to precise paragraphs within the work. The entire site may be searched by keyword, and a Bekker index is also included to allow users to access sections of the text using the referencing system based on the definitive text. Although unannotated, the secondary bibliography is extensive, and organised in reverse chronological order of publication (that is, with the most recently-published items listed first). The entire site may also be downloaded in HTML format.
Written by Roger Dunkle of the Classics Department of Brooklyn College, this is an excellent online study guide to classical Greek and Roman culture through its key literary, historical and philosophical writers. The resource, which is intended for use by undergraduates taking classics options, combines historical, critical and literary material with practical exercises and questions in reading, comprehension and interpretation. The authors featured are: Homer; Thucydides; Sophocles; Euripides; Aristotle; Aristophanes; Plato; Lucretius; and Virgil. Each literary genre is accompanied by sections providing cultural and intellectual background. The entries are hyperlinked to Perseus for easy reference, as is the excellent glossary of personal names, technical terms and placenames, though there is no bibliography. This resource provides a clear and reliable learning resource for classics and ancient history students.
The 'Deep Evil Scary Metaphysics page' is the home page for courses run by Professor Rose Cherubin at George Mason University (GMU). It provides access to a wealth of resources for the study of Pre-Socratic philosophers and Plato and Aristotle. There are course notes, syllabi, digital dialogues, online articles, PowerPoint slides, writing guides, and links to other classical resources with summaries of their contents. This website is clearly a useful tool for all those studying courses in ancient Greek philosophy and particularly for those who are studying the Pre-Socratics.
Epicurus and Epicurean Philosophy is a website which aims to introduce Epicureanism both to the serious student of philosophy and to anyone seeking useful and inspiring ideas. Epicurus (341-270 BC) helped to lay the intellectual foundations for modern science and for secular individualism, with many aspects of his system still highly relevant some twenty-three centuries after they were first taught to his students at his school, known as 'The Garden', in Athens. The site includes: translations of Epicurean texts (including works by, as well as Epicurus himself: Diogenes Laertius; Lucretius; Cicero; Horace; Lucian; Cornelius Nepos; Plutarch; and Lactantius); background information on the period in which he and his followers wrote; general material on ancient philosophy; and pages of annotated links to other relevant online resources. There is also a discussion list associated with the site.
History of Ancient Philosophy is a highly organised and detailed piece of online courseware developed by Marc Cohen of the Philosophy Department at the University of Washington. The site will be most helpful for instructors and students working on ancient Greek philosophy from the Milesians through to Aristotle. Cohen makes available here his detailed lecture notes on a range of topics (subjects covered include Zeno, Plato and Aristotle, among others), as well as providing information about the course syllabus, including a schedule and sample examination questions. The site also provides a collection of links to online primary and secondary sources devoted to ancient philosophy and related topics. Cohen also has other subsites here entitled Just for Fun and Ancient Philosophy in the News, with recent relevant news items. These subpages are clearly meant to spark students' interest, but other visitors will find them informative as well.
The Digital Texts Project website of the Institute for Learning Technologies (ILT), based at Columbia University, offers free full-text editions of many classic philosophical works in English. Texts available include: Aristotle's 'Nicomachean Ethics'; Plato's 'Meno'; 'Crito'; 'Protagoras'; 'Phaedrus'; 'Gorgias'; 'Ion'; 'Symposium'; 'Phaedo'; and 'Republic'; John Dewey's 'Democracy and Education'; John Locke's 'An Essay Concerning Human Understanding'; and Machiavelli's 'The Prince'. There are also texts by George Berkeley, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, David Hume, and Virgil, amongst others. Brief biographic sketch of authors are also provided, plus links to other major sites with digital texts available. However, it should be noted that this site is still a work in progress: texts are not yet available for all the authors listed on the home page, and some of those which are available are only in plain text format (HTML versions are said to be forthcoming, but site updates do not appear to be particularly frequent). Nevertheless, there is already enough material here to make this an extremely useful resource.
The website of the International Association for Greek Philosophy (IAGP) provides information about the activities of the Association, which is a non-profit organisation devoted to promoting the study of Greek philosophy. Details of past and forthcoming conferences and publications are given, plus contact details for the Association. The site also offers a link to the International Centre for Greek Philosophy, a non-profit academic research and cultural institution which aims to promote international research into Greek philosophy, and to coordinate and develop the research carried out by specialists in Greek philosophy.
Johnstonia is the home page of Ian Johnston, formerly an instructor at Vancouver Island University in Canada. The website offers a substantial collection of primary texts, many of which were translated by Johnston, plus many of Johnston's own essays, lecture transcripts, book reviews, and other study materials. Most of the primary texts fall within the disciplines of classics and philosophy, including works by: Aristophanes; Homer; Nietzsche; Rousseau; and several others. The lectures and other material cover many of the same authors, plus a number of literary writers: T. S. Eliot, John Milton, and Tom Stoppard are among those included, and there is a section devoted to the study of Shakespeare. The site describes itself as 'designed to provide curricular material for various courses in literature and Liberal Studies'. The works are freely available for educational and other non-commercial uses.
The Last Days of Socrates is a website designed by two faculty members of Clarke College, Iowa, and intended to provide help for those students who are reading the work of Socrates (469-399 BC) for the first time (typically first year undergraduates). It provides the complete texts (in English translation) of the Euthyphro, Apology, Crito and the Phaedo, the four central addresses attributed to Socrates and reported by Plato (429-347 BC). Each text is accompanied by explanatory notes of the important philosophical issues such as those that are concerned with Socratic irony, value and reason. The translations include cross-references with clickable links giving explanations of key terms or proper nouns. The site also offers a series of audio links to recordings of extracts from the speeches (RealPlayer is required in order to access these). A less comprehensive Spanish language version of the site is also available.
The Literary Encyclopedia provides bibliographies and text profiles for a wide range of authors, as well as critical summaries of many classic texts. Whilst the encyclopaedia's primary focus is on English literature, classical authors and works are also well represented, and their is a growing body of entries on European and international literature. Basic records are free to read (this is normally the first 400 words); whilst subscription is required to view the full entries. There are about 5,900 authors listed, 17,500 works and 1,500 topics all written by experts in their field. Using the advanced search facility it is possible to list authors according to genre, sex, period and culture. The site is constantly under development with the aim of adding many new entries and expanding existing ones. It includes an extensive Links database (over 4,000 links), a stylebook and glossary.
This is the homepage of Plato, the internet journal of the International Plato Society. It is an impressive site committed to encouraging debate, and the exchange of ideas, between thinkers throughout the world. It consists primarily of essays that interpret texts by Plato and his followers. Work in the history of ideas is also prominent, some articles examining the popularity of Plato in modern Japan, others exploring the transmission of Platonic ideas from one period to another. True to the influence of Plato, the papers carried by this elegantly designed journal are in a number of languages, but English is the most important. Anyone working in philosophy, the history of ideas or theology will find the journal invaluable.
Plato and his Dialogues is an online essay written by Bernard F Suzanne, a data processing systems architect and student of Plato. The essay provides a useful introduction to the ancient Greek philosopher and is divided into sections on the following topics, based on Plato's writings and ideas: Plato's autobiography; investing in education for political purpose; the just man and the philosopher-king; soul searching; the whole of being; rhetoric vs dialectic; man's happiness in the city; know thyself; Platonic theory. References to the texts of Plato are linked to their English translations on the Perseus website. There is also an alphabetical list of Plato's works, with links to their full English and Greek versions from Perseus.
This website is dedicated to the ancient Greek philosopher Plato (427-347 BC) and his dialogues, and contains a wide range of articles relating to the man and his works. There is also, however, much here which will be of use to the student of classical Greek history in general. Included are a biography of Plato and a list of his works, along with a brief history of the interpretation of the dialogues. Links are given throughout to the Greek and English texts of Plato's works found online (most of these are from the Perseus website). In relation to the broader history of classical Greece, there is an extensive alphabetical index of key names and places with detailed information on each, and a useful chronological history of Greece in the fifth and fourth centuries BC. Finally, a series of clear maps of ancient Greece and the Mediterranean can also be found here; each map has clickable links to the alphabetical list of locations mentioned earlier.
This is the website of the Plato Centre (formerly the Centre for the Study of the Platonic Tradition), which is part of the School of Classics at Trinity College Dublin and which aims to further the study of the history of Platonism (including Christian, Jewish, and Islamic Platonism). The site offers details of the Centre's undergraduate and postgraduate degree programmes in Platonic studies, as well as giving information on Centre members and faculty (with details of their research and publications). The site also provides information on lectures, conferences, visiting scholars, and the activities of the Centre's members, as well as details of conferences held elsewhere on themes relating to the Centre's work. There is also a list of links to other relevant online resources of interest to those studying the Platonic tradition.
This Web page forms part of the online Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. It offers a commentary on Plato's hugely influential discussions of poetry and rhetoric, based on the texts of the Ion, the Republic, the Phaedrus, and the Gorgias. Each text is examined in turn, followed by a brief analysis of Plato's own dialogues as rhetoric and poetry. There is an extensive bibliography, and links to online editions of the texts being considered. This encyclopaedia entry offers a good scholarly introduction to Plato's ideas that should be of use to literature students as well as classicists and literary philosophers.
This is the online text of a lecture on Plato's Meno given by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, Vancouver; it forms part of the author's Johnstonia Web pages. The lecture was aimed at undergraduate Liberal Studies students and therefore could provide users with an introductory insight into this ancient Greek philosophical dialogue. The lecture begins with some opening remarks on the figure of Socrates as portrayed in other Platonic dialogues (namely Gorgias, Apology and Crito). The author then makes some general observations on the Meno. He goes on to concentrate on the dialogue as divided into three sections: the opening section concerning the definition of virtue; the middle section on knowledge as recollection; and the final section on virtue as a gift from the gods. The concluding part of the lecture considers the significance of Plato's Socrates in relation to philosophical enquiry.
This website, part of the author's online Johnstonia pages, presents the text of a lecture on Plato's Republic given by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, Vancouver. The lecture was originally aimed at undergraduate Liberal Studies students. The lecture focuses primarily upon Plato's discussion of art, artistic representation and poetry (collectively described as poesis - 'making') in this particular philosophical dialogue, and on what he has to say about the connections between poesis and the political and moral order imagined in his Republic. After an introductory section, the lecture is divided into sections on the following topics: poesis as an imitation; Plato and censorship; Plato as an apologist for art; and some final thoughts on poesis in the Republic.