This online anthology of several papers given by Robert Kraft on copies of Greek Jewish scriptures contains, apart from actual texts, a number of images of fragments of the Septuagint and a short bibliography. The main scope of Kraft's site is the extent of continuity or discontinuity between Jewish scribal culture and early Christian practices at the beginning of the Christian era. 'Textual Mechanics' also lists a number of links to related sites, document lists, and bibliographic information. 'Textual Mechanics' is not the most user-friendly site you may encounter: its layout could be much improved. However, it is worth making an effort to read through this resource, as its content fully compensates for its lack in form.
This is the website of the International Association of Papyrologists (AIP), which has a worldwide membership and exists to further international co-operation in the study of ancient papyri. The site gives details on how to become a member, as well as a full list of current members, with contact information. Also found here are: information on the AIP's history; details of grants available for the study of papyrology, and how to apply for these grants; the minutes of recent AIP meetings; a list of centres of papyrological studies across Europe and the USA, with postal addresses; a gallery of portraits of papyrologists who are no longer alive; several obituaries of recently deceased papyrologists; and a page of links to websites which may be of particular interest to papyrologists.
The Mertens-Pack 3 database project by the University of Liège stores the information from the "Catalogue des papyrus littéraires grecs et latins", or Mertens-Pack 3, into a database powered website. The website is still under development and only partly translated in English from French; readers are advised to check the French version first. The bibliographic catalogue appears complete and can be searched by using a convenient web form; it is also possible to perform a search by selecting the name of an ancient author. For each literary work, any search in the catalogue returns the papyri containing any part of the text; the essential bibliography and when available hyperlinks to pictures. Thematic general bibliographies are available for "Alexandria docta"; "Pharmacopoea Aegyptia et Graeco-Aegyptia"; "Liber Antiquus". A few pages contain information about CEDOPAL, its activities and publications. By clicking on "Restoration of P. Leodienses" it is possible to access some information on the restoration of papyri; there is also an informative 15 minutes movie available at different quality and size. This is a very useful bibliographic and papyrological source of information for researchers, as it is the printed version of Mertens-Pack 3.
The Bryn Mawr Classical Review (BMCR) is a regularly-updated online journal which publishes reviews, written by academics, of books on a whole range of classical subjects (since 1990). The reviews are generally longer than one expects to find within a scholarly journal, often giving a chapter-by-chapter summary of the work as well as critical comment. BMCR also publishes responses to reviews (and occasionally responses to the responses). The website gives access to all reviews published since 1990 and a simple search interface. The website also includes instructions for viewing Greek characters online, as well as guidelines for reviewers. The reviews are relevant to both Classics and Classical archaeology and may be useful to bot researchers and students.
The Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists (BASP) is the official journal of the American Society of Papyrologists and this website is the free full-text online version. It is possible to browse the articles or search by keyword all editions since the first volume published in 1963 and there is an online help. Most papers are in English, though a few are in Italian. Subjects include primarily Greek and Latin texts as well as book reviews. However, the journal has also published papers on Minoan mathematics (or music); Coptic paintings; Old Nubian; mummy labels; and others. This journal is an important resource for all papyrologists.
The Catalogue of Paraliterary Papyri (CPP) contains descriptions and texts from Greek papyri and other written materials. For each document, several metadata including bibliographic references are provided. Most texts catalogued in CPP cannot be found in the standard electronic corpora of literary and documentary papyri, such as the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG) and the Duke Data Bank of Documentary Papyri (DDBDP) and therefore this catalogue is one of the essential reference tools for Greek papyri. The simple interface simplifies access to the catalogue, which can be searched or browsed. At the time of review the catalogue contained about 500 texts, several of which make reference to Greek mythology. The catalogue benefited of two grants from the Onderzoeksraad K.U.Leuven.
The Center for Epigraphical and Palaeological Studies site includes information about forthcoming events and courses (some of which are open to the general public) and offers several short-term post-doctoral fellowships in Greek and Latin epigraphy. The site (which is part of the Department of Greek and Latin at the Ohio State University) contains links to other related web-sites as well as images of inscriptions and manuscripts (ranging from Attic inscriptions to mediaeval Latin manuscripts). Unfortunately, as the site is still under construction most of these images are as yet unavailable, and so when one clicks on the images for Greek or Roman 'squeezes' (a plaster cast representation of an inscription) one is simply presented with a list of reference numbers. The dated Attic inscriptions do have pictures, but the images come without even the most basic commentary of what this inscription is, a reproduction of the text or translation, or the context in which it was found (all of which are essential). Reference numbers are provided so that one can look these inscriptions up in the relevant books which have all this pertinent information (but this defies the point of putting it on the web-site in the first place).
The website of the Center for the Tebtunis Papyri (CTP) which is devoted to the study of papyri excavated at the Greco-Roman site of Tebtunis in Egypt in the winder of 1899/1900. The main feature of the website is a developing searchable database of the collection. Records provide key details relating to each papyrus, as well as a series of images and, where possible, links to online transliterations of the text provided by Perseus. The Tebtunis papyri include documents from the the cartonnage of both human and crocodile mummies and those from the town and temple of Soknebtunis. Most of the papyri are in Greek, but some are in demotic Egyptian. The website also provides a series of 'online exhibits', which are illustrated essays on related topics, including ethnic identity in Graeco-Roman Egypt and religion, magic and medicine in Ptolemaic and Roman Tebtunis. There is also information about the history of the Tebtunis collection (including details of the archaeological excavation) and about the activities and personnel of the CTP.
This is the website of The Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents (CSAD), part of the Classics Centre at the University of Oxford. Set up in 1995 'to provide a focus for the study of ancient documents,' the CSAD has since become a research centre of national and international importance. The Centre houses the University's epigraphy archive, which includes a large collection of paper impressions of Greek inscriptions, Roman inscriptions from Britain, and a photographic collection. The website is searchable and provides information about the CSAD and its activities, including details on lectures, conferences and seminars, imaging projects, links to resources, and a link to the CSAD's online newsletter. Also accessible via this website are links to the home pages of the CSAD's projects: Vindolanda tablets online; Romano-British curses; Cairo photographic archive; papyri in British collections; Oxyrhynchus papyri; Poinikastas (epigraphic sources for early Greek writing); Monumenta Asia Minoris Antiqua (MAMA); and e-science and ancient documents.
This is the official website of the "Centro Internazionale per lo Studio dei Papiri Ercolanesi" directed by Marcello Gigante. The centre studies the library of the Villa dei Papiri in Herculaneum. The website is poor in contents with only basic information and several incomplete sections, including the English version. It includes the summaries of "Cronache Ercolanesi" and there is an extensive bibliography. This website requires Flash. The first owner of the villa appears to have been Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, but other names have been suggested. Several texts in the library were written by members of the Epicurean school of philosophy. It is known that Piso Caesoninus was a supporter of the school and he probably hosted Philodemus of whom he may have been patron. The first person to open the charred papyri and read from them was father Antonio Piaggio, an expert from the Vatican Library who invented a device for the purpose. Large parts of the villa are yet to be excavated, including the supposed Latin library. Only a few texts have been read so far given their poor state of preservation; some of the papyri were already centuries old on 79 AD, when the villa was destroyed by the eruption of the Vesuvius.
The checklist presented in this website is prepared by academic papyrologists from a variety of universities; its primary aim is to provide for papyrologists and librarians a complete bibliography of monographs, current and past, on documentary papyri written in Greek, Latin, Coptic and Demotic, and preserved on papyrus, ostraca, or wooden tablets. The site is published under the auspices of Duke University and achieves its aims admirably, providing a very full resource organised into a variety of sub-headings which are conveniently hot-linked at the side of every page. The site, which is frequently updated, is based on the fifth printed edition of the checklist (March 2001). Users should note that the site confines itself to documentary papyri, and no literary material is cited. Moreover, there are neither any actual papyri or texts available for viewing, nor any links to sites providing them. That said, the site should prove a useful bibliographic resource for scholars and graduate students working in this field.
Classics@ is an online peer reviewed journal published by the Center for Hellenic Studies at Harvard University, which aims to bring contemporary classical scholarship to a wide Internet audience. Each issue dedicated to in-depth exploration of a single important problem in the field of Classics. Volume 1 is devoted to the 600 new lines of Hellenistic epigrammatic poetry attributed to Posidippus of Pella (fl. 300) discovered in the wrappings of an Egyptian mummy in 2001, and provides introductory material, translations and commentary based on original Italian edition. The Internet format allows on-going revision of the texts and their interpretation and facilitates academic discussion. Volume two is a valuable series of papers on the nature and future of electronic publication in classics ('Ancient Mediterranean cultural informatics') based on a workshop at the CHS in 2003, with articles on the issue of reconciling traditional standards and conventions of text editions with the technical potential of the Web. The text of each issue is regarded as an in-progress project which is subject to future revision so will lack the static nature of traditional journals and allow rapid dissemination of new research.
The Duke Databank of Documentary Papyri (DDBDP), made available online by the Perseus Project, is an electronic corpus of texts (mostly in ancient Greek, but with some in Latin) found on papyri, ostraca (ostraka) and wooden tablets. These have previously been published in a number of separate volumes; the DDBDP brings together almost 500 such papyrus volumes to provide a comprehensive collection of the papyrological material. Users may browse the volumes in the collection, which includes, for example: the Oxyrhynchus Papyri; Egyptian papyri; the Vindolanda tablets; and Byzantine documents. The majority of words in each individual document may be clicked on by the user in order to access a study tool which gives an English translation, morphological information and links to the entry for the word in online Greek or Latin dictionaries, also provided by Perseus. There is also a search tool which allows the user to look for specific words as they occur in the texts.
The Duke Papyrus Archive website provides access to images of and information about papyri from Egypt, dating mostly to the period of Greek and Roman control (between the 4th century BCE and the 7th century CE). The Archive contains details of around 1,400 papyri. In addition, there are a number of introductory articles relating to papyri and ancient Egypt, together with bibliographies.
The catalogue is searched via Duke University's online library catalogue. Individual records contain details of the material, notes, and subject headings. Images of the catalogued papyrus are available both as 72dpi and 150dpi colour resolutions. To assist in finding papyri of interest the Archive have put together a number of topics (such as cultural aspects, religious aspects, women and children), which bring together papyri relating to each topic. Papyri have also been gathered by language, including Coptic, Greek, Latin, Arabic, Demotic and Hieratic. Additionally, the project has documented the process of digitising and cataloguing the papyri, which is in itself a useful resource. There is also a set of links relating to other papyri collections and papyri research.
This Feminism and Classics 2004 website publishes the proceedings of the fourth conference on Feminism and Classics held at the University of Arizona (Tucson), in May 2004. The volume, edited by Marilyn B. Skinner, includes sections with several papers on each of the following themes: papyrology, gender and diversity; the politics and discourse of feminism in Classics; classical perspectives on gay rights; and 'gendering the classroom'. The papers often refer to the American perception of feminist issues, but they contribute significantly to the discussion of gender studies in classical studies.
The Hawara Papyri is a website dedicated to describing the papyri excavated by William Flinders Petrie at Hawara in 1888. None of the Hawara papyri, except for very few extracts, have ever been shown in photographs. There are plans to make digital images of at least the published papyri accessible on the Internet. The papyri are indexed and listed by SB number, by Petrie Hawara inventory number, by date and by content. Each papyrus has a detailed record containing information about its physical characteristics, content, any publication details and bibliography. Links to the text of the papyrus if reproduced elsewhere are also given. Most records also have a recto and verso image of the papyrus. The site is intended for the specialist.
The Heidelberger Gesamtverseichnis der Griechischen Papyrusurkunden Ägyptens (HGV) is a searchable index of Greek documentary papyri from Egypt, made available over the Web by the Institute for Papyrology, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg. The project aims to provide a complete register of all documentary papyri (in Greek) from Egypt, and is therefore a highly valuable research tool. The user-interface is in German, though some help is available in English and Dutch. The index is taken from published corpora of Egyptian papyri and ostraka in the Greek language, and currently holds over 50 000 records. For each papyrus, a unique HGV number is given, along with a brief citation for the print publication, a date where available, place of origin, the material inscribed, and keywords summarising the content, where available. The collection has two indices: the 'hauptregister' which contains all papyri, and the 'erwähnte daten', listing the more than 9000 papyri which can be securely dated. Both can be searched on all fields. Results are in the form of a simple list, with links to more detailed information for each papyrus. These can be copied, saved, and printed, according to the limitations of one's Web browser. As well as the HGV, the Institute for Papyrology has created the Griechische Papyri der Heidelberger Papyrussammlung, an anthology of Greek papyri. This is a much smaller collection, but for each papyrus one can view a brief citation and description, an image, and transcription (the latter taken from the Duke Databank of Digital Papyri, which is also available on the PHI 7 CD).
The website of the Laboratorio Informatico per le Lingue Antiche (LILA) provides information about their software 'SNS - Greek and Latin'. The software is for Macintosh computers, and enables the user to search two important data banks of classical writing: the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae; and parts of the Packard Humanities Institute's bank. The Thesaurus Linguae Graecae contains ancient Greek texts ranging from Homer to authors in the fifteenth century A.D. The Packard data banks available to users are PHI #5.3, containing classic Latin texts, and PHI #7, containing Greek documentary papyri and inscriptions. The software provides the user with a fairly sophisticated search engine, catering for Boolean logic operators, special characters, and restrictions by various bibliographic factors. Results may be exported in different text formats.A single-user licence costs around 150 Euros. A free demonstration version of the software may be ordered from the site, although this allows access to a limited selection of the texts. The site also allows users to subscribe to the SNS mailing list.
This website provides access to the Leuven Database of Ancient Books (LDAB), a searchable catalogue of Latin and Greek works in circulation from the fourth century BC to AD 800. It allows one to explore the transmission of ancient and classical texts and ideas from the ancient world through to late antiquity, and it builds on previous research by Roger Pack, Joseph van Haelst, and Marcello Gigante, whose catalogues of ancient books are incorporated here. The database has been created in FileMaker Pro, and this program must be available on one's machine in order to use the database. The LDAB contained information on just under 14,000 ancient literary texts at the time of writing this review, and it includes material written on papyrus, ostraka, parchment, and tablets. Each entry includes details of published material about the text, the ancient author, title of the work, material inscribed, the bookform, the genre, the culture (Greek, Latin, Hebrew), religion, the text's provenance, date of writing, description of the lettering, and the subjects covered by the text. The LDAB can be searched on most of the fields listed above. More than one field can be selected for searching. Results can be displayed in a variety of attractive formats. For example, a search for all editions of a Euripides play gives a list of catalogue entries in plain text. Other functionality is available with the CD-ROM version of the database. Using this webpage, you can search through the entire LDAB database, but you cannot download it it as a whole. Results can be printed out.
The Lost Gospel of Judas is a website from National Geographic Society, focusing on the Coptic manuscript discovered in the 1970s and eventually restored and translated in 2006. The Gospel of Judas is believed to have been written before 180 A.D. by an unknown gnostic writer, possibly in Egypt, and was regarded as heretical both for its gnostic content and its favourable treatment of the eponymous disciple, traditionally held to have betrayed Jesus. This site offers background information about the manuscript, its discovery, and the work to conserve it, along with images of the pages of the codex, plus a complete transcription of the Coptic text and an English translation. This is a useful resource for those wishing to learn more about this important discovery.
This unique online resource, Graeco-Roman Marriage Papyri, compiled by David Instone-Brewer, collates every Greek, Roman and Jewish text relating to marriage and divorce from the fourth century BC to the fourth century AD. The texts are accessible here in their original languages, whether Greek, Latin, Aramaic or Hebrew; links are given to the documents on the websites of the Perseus Digital Library, the Tyndale Archive and the Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS). References to the texts in which the documents can be found are also given (these are shown in pop-up windows, so to make use of this resource the user must disable any pop-up blockers). The papyri are organised in chronological order, and the catalogue listing for each item is accompanied by references to relevant secondary material and English translations, where possible. Also featured are: a full bibliography; a checklist of editions of papyri; links to other works on divorce, remarriage and the New Testament written by the site's author; and link to downladable Greek and Hebrew fonts.
The Multitext Homer is an on-going research project, supported by Harvard University's Center for Hellenic Studies and the Stoa Consortium, which aims to provide a definitive and interactive Web edition of the Homeric and related texts based on all of the surviving evidence from the pre-Classical to mediaeval periods as preserved in manuscripts and papyri and in ancient commentaries and scholiasts. The absence of a definitive edition of Homer is due in part to the lack of academic agreement as to which of the various texts and fragments of Homer, between which there are often considerable variations, may be regarded as 'primary'; this project is addressing this problem by including all of the relevant testimonia supported by modern critical commentaries.The website publishes numerous components of the wider research project and includes: a fully searchable relational database of the Homeric papyri based on the original research of Dana Sutton; an edition of Comparetti's 1901 facsimile of the Venutus A manuscript and of Villoison's 1788 edition of the Iliad; a translation of Proclus' summary of the Epic Cycle; a major commentary on the poems of Theognis of Megara. The full-text of Nagy's important 1996 work 'Homeric Questions' is also available. This is an important and expanding Web project which will benefit students and researchers of Greek literature and culture and those interested in manuscript studies and literary transmission from the ancient world.
The National papyrological funds website is an online repository of papyrological collections held in Spain. Among the digitised collections are: the Abadia de Montserrat Collection; the Palau-Ribes Collection; and the Fundación Pastor Collection. There are currently thousands of papyri digitised, but the team expects to produce a catalogue of all Spanish papyri. The texts range from small fragments to whole parchments. They are written in different languages (Egyptian demotic, hieratic and hieroglyphics, Coptic, Arabic, Latin, and Syriac Hebrew) and cover a broad temporal range, from the seventh century BC to the tenth century AD. There are literary and religious texts as well as writing pertaining to daily life, including receipts and invoices, contracts, and letters. The texts are transcribed in the original language in which they were written and are not translated. Accessing the catalogue is easy from section "Digital Catalogue". Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
This is the online version of the 1998 exhibition Oxyrhynchus : a city and its texts, which was held at the University of Oxford. Taking place one hundred years after the original publication of the Oxyrhynchus papyri, this exhibition was accompanied by a conference dedicated to the papyri and the archaeological excavations which unearthed them. The website presents a wealth of short articles on various aspects of the papyri and their discovery; these articles are well illustrated with photographs from the excavations as well as images of the documents themselves. Themes include: the site of Oxyrhynchus (with description and images of the buildings there); the excavations (from the work of Grenfell and Hunt in the late nineteenth century onwards); papyri relating to daily life (with sub-sections on religion, entertainment and magic); scribes and scholars (with images and description of papyri relating to key ancient texts); and material culture. This well-presented website provides a fascinating insight into these hugely important documents and the processes by which they were brought to light.
The papyrus Egerton 2 is a fragment of an unknown gospel, dated between 150 and 200 CE and found in Egypt in the 1930s. This home page is a private site published under the University of Bremen Web pages, containing high quality images of the Egerton 2 papyrus, with full transcription and translations into English and German. The author has also provided a brief history of the papyrus and the scholarly debate it has provoked, information on its palaeography and a discussion of its canonical parallels. Finally, this resource holds an extensive bibliography and a number of online secondary sources.
This website publishes the collection of ancient papyri conserved at the University of Cologne. There is a short description of the collection and its history. For each fragment of papyrus, there is a picture (both sides), a short bibliography and basic data such as inventory number, year and dimensions. Most texts are written in Greek, and there are several fragments of Homer's works. This is a specialist resource that only papyrologists may find useful.
The Philodemus Project website, from the Classics Department at the University of California in Los Angeles, describes the background, problems, and progress of the ongoing attempt to piece together the texts of Philodemus from the remnants of the ancient Papyri found at the 'Villa of the Papyri' amongst the ruins of Herculaneum. Herculaneum was buried, along with Pompeii, by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. Philodemus of Gadara was a first century BC Epicurean philosopher who wrote treatises on poetics, rhetoric, and music. The site presents the historical background to the project, and provides images of the burnt papyrus scrolls from which the texts are being reconstructed. There are also pages on Philodemus's rhetoric (with images of hte relevant papyri), although the text itself is not provided at the site.
The Oxyrhynchus Papyri Project is putting online the corpus of ancient papyri excavated from Oxyrhynchus (Al-Bashnasa in Egypt) by Bernard Grenfell and Arthur Hunt since the late nineteenth century. The Project has an online table of contents for volumes 1, 2, 7, and 11-72 of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri. The user may search by keyword, author, date, title, genre or papyrus ID, and is then presented with images of the relevant papyrus and a reference to the volume of POxy in which it has been published. Images are available as either 150 dpi or 300 dpi resolution. Each papyrus record includes location information, editorial details, and notes. The Project's website also includes an introduction to Oxyrhynchus and the excavations; details of how the papyri were digitized; as well as articles on papyrology, and information about the Project's work in imaging and classifying the papyri; features on individual papyri; and the text of media reports relating to the collection. This extensive database is an excellent resource for students and researchers of papyrology.
An online guide to the extensive papyrus collections of Princeton University housed in the Harvey S. Firestone Memorial Library providing outline information on more than 1600 items ranging in date form the 4th century BC to the 7th century AD in Greek, Latin, Egyptian (in hieroglyphic, hieratic, demotic scripts), Coptic and Arabic. The resource provides a brief overview of the history and content of the collection with succinct details of individual texts (many of which are unpublished). Also featured is a selection of digital images of important papyri including portions of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, the New Testament and Arabic magical texts together with fragments of Greek texts by Homer, Isocrates, Demosthenes and Theocritus as well as letters and official documents. Apart from students of papyrology and related subjects, this resource will benefit a wide range of students and specialist researchers working in the specific areas to which individual bodies of texts belong.
This is the website of 'Projet Volterra', a research project funded by the British Academy through the AHRB (Arts and Humanities Research Board), based at the History Department of University College, London. The project is named in memory of Edoardo Volterra, a distinguished 'Roman lawyer' who died in 1987, leaving his collection of books to the École Française de Rome. The stated aim of the project is to 'promote the study of Roman legislation in its full social, political and legal context'. The site is predominantly a database for Roman edicts issued between AD 305 and AD 383, and uses a variety of sources, (including both epigraphic and papyrological, but mainly the Law Codes). An online version of books one to eight of the Theodosian Code is available (based upon Mommsen's 1905 edition), and the team have aimed to present this as close to the original format as possible. Additionally, the site offers reviews of books on Roman law relevant to the project. Such reviews are not the team's own, but have been taken from the Bryn Mawr Classical Review and the Medieval Review. A list of emperors from Pertinax (AD 192) to Marcian (died AD 457) is present on the site, as is a list of other relevant Web resources.
Roman Law Resources is a website containing a great deal of material relating to Roman law, and which also acts as a gateway to other sites that may be of interest to researchers in this field. The site itself is fully searchable by keyword and offers information on the following topics: secondary literature; reviews of publications; teaching materials; primary sources; bibliographies; electronic reprints; errata in Roman Law books; corrections to Alan Watson's English translation of Justinian's Digest; and palingenesiae of Latin private rescripts and imperial Latin laws. Websites which are listed are each given a full description. Several of the resources available via this website are searchable databases providing a wealth of primary information. In addition to these materials, there are several information sections, detailing journals, web portals, prominent historians of ancient law, future events, etc. This is a clear and comprehensive website which provides an excellent starting page for research. It is navigable in German as well as in English.
Trismegistos is an online 'platform' or service which enables the cross-searching of a variety of projects dealing with metadata of published documents relating to the study of late period Egypt (roughly 800 BCE - 800 CE). The aim of this developing service is to overcome any barriers of language and discipline in the study of documents written not only in Greek, Latin, and Egyptian in its various scripts, but also in Aramaic, Carian, and other languages. In total it contains nearly 100,000 records. The basis of the online resource is a searchable database, of collections of papyrological and epigraphic texts by the Leuven Homepage of Papyrus Collections and the project Multilingualism and Multiculturalism in Graeco-Roman Egypt. The 'Leuven home page of papyrus collections' is a comprehensive and invaluable database of information on collections of papyrus and ostraca from the ancient Mediterranean world (circa 2000 B.C.- circa 500 A.D.) scattered in almost 30 countries and 350 institutions. It includes contact details and URLs of many of the scholars and institutions active in papyrological research. The database appears to be an on-going project and the level of detail and number of links listed for individual collections vary considerably. There is a straightforward keyword search but the collection can also be browsed by country of origin, by institution and, where known, by archive provenance. References to literary papyri are cross-linked with the Leuven Database of Ancient Books (LDAB), though this is not immediately apparent. Several useful sections describe and contextualise public and private archives in antiquity and describe how they have survived and come down to us in the modern world. Many of the entries on individual institutions also provide brief accounts of their collection history in addition to summaries of past and present research projects. This is a valuable resource, particularly as a gateway site, for researchers in archaeology and Egyptology, ancient history, classics and biblical studies who are interested in papyri and related materials.
The University of Melbourne's Classics and Archaeology Virtual Museum Project puts online the majority of the contents of the Classics and Archaeology wing of the University's Ian Potter Museum, together with a number of collections not owned by the University. This vast online resource offers access to Greek, Roman, Egyptian and Middle Eastern manuscripts, pottery, coinage, bronzes, vases and sculpture.The centrepiece of the site is the database that allows the user to search the collection. Over 7000 images are available, and there are a number of photos for each object, taken from differing angles and with varying degrees of detail. This makes the site particularly useful for research, as do the full descriptions, bibliographies and comparisons for individual pieces. This information, with all other relevant data such as date, provenance and material, is attractively presented and easily accessible. The self-directed tour allows the user easy access to full lists of the artefacts and the history of the individual collections. There is extensive documentation about the development of the museum and the virtual museum project.
Directed primarily towards academics and scholars examining and researching the papyrological remnants from the first few centuries of Christianity, the University of Michigan Papyrus Collection (maintained by the University’s library) houses one of the largest papyri collections anywhere in the world with over 10,000 individual fragments. At present approximately one third of the total collection is accessible online. Using the Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS), one can trawl through the entire archive by searching for specific key words, allowing users to quickly identify all texts held in the Michigan collection with a common theme. Searches may also be executed based on the names of a papyrus’ editor(s), or its inventory code numbers. The great advantage of the system is once you have located your fragment not only does the APIS provide information on its characteristics and publication history, but it also includes a bitmap photograph that can be enlarged to view details at a high magnification. Where possible the compilers of this site have also included English translations for some of the fragments, making the text of some fragments accessible to a wider audience. The site also offers: a select bibliography of papyrology; topic-based sections (including, for example, writing in Graeco-Roman Egypt, the transmission of the English Bible, and ancient seals); learning resources for papyrology; and a substantial list of links to other useful sites.
Wellcome Images is an online collection of pictures focusing on medicine, its practice, healthcare and biosciences published by The Wellcome Trust. Many images have significant historical value and there pictures of several written documents such as fragments of Hippocratic oath; the Johnson Papyrus (herbal); Egyptian Book of the Dead; Egyptian Bryce papyrus; and many others. There are also several images of ancient artefacts such as Egyptian frescoes; a Karo-Batak inscription on bone; a Sudanese amulet; and others. Some images document also the medical practices throughout time and across the world. It is possible to access a larger version of the images by clicking on them. This is not a comprehensive collection of pictures on any specific theme, and is aimed principally to student and teachers as an aid to prepare lectures and essays. All images are beautiful and browsing them is recommended even to people not specifically interested in the history of medicine. Researchers may ask for new pictures to be taken from the Wellcome Library; everybody can order prints.
Compiled by Dr. Gregg Schwendner of Wichita State University, this online resource is a frequently-updated weblog devoted to recent developments in the study of papyrology. It includes details of recent publications (both monographs and journals) relating to papyri and ostraka dating from the 4th century BCE to the 8th century CE. Posts include both bibliographical details and reviews, and some include links to relevant online texts. The blog also gives information about events (primarily taking place in the United States) which may be of interest to those involved in papyrology, including lectures and conferences (in some cases abstracts of individual papers are also given).
This is the website of the Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, an international journal of Greek and Roman antiquity focusing on research into epigraphic and papyrological material. This resource provides a guide to the contents of the journal from 1967 to the present together with the digitised texts of articles from 2001-2004 which are available free of charge for private study (free volumes made available might vary from year to year). The indexes of most volumes can be browsed in PDF format. The reproduced articles are in German, English, French and Italian.Information on the print version of the journal is also provided, such as editorial advice for authors and subscription details.This website provides useful a bibliographic guide to publications in an important classics and ancient history journal for university students and researchers, particularly for those competent in European languages.