The primary focus of the well-presented and easy-to-use website 'Ancient Greece' is the art, architecture and archaeology of ancient Greece. It is divided into sections on the following topics: archaeology; history; culture; maps; architecture; museums; art; photographs; and a timeline. Three key locations are discussed: the Athenian acropolis, Delphi and Crete. Explanatory text describes in detail the construction and appearance of a range of key buildings. The Parthenon (fifth century BC) is particularly well-covered, with other Athenian buildings described here including the Propylaia, Erechtheion and Temple of Athena Nike. Highlights of the information on Delphi include the Temple of Apollo, treasuries, theatre, stadium and tholos. The coverage of Crete includes the Minoan sites (c 3000-1000BC) Knossos, Malia, Phaistos, Zakros and Palekastro and the classical/Hellenistic sites of Itanos, Tripitos and Xerokampos. The website is richly illustrated with images of ancient art, archaeological finds and modern images of the sites discussed. Also featured are satellite images, maps and plans of key areas, and the website gives links to the sites of modern museums where ancient treasures can be found. Overall this is an excellent resource for Greek archaeology and history.
The website of the Ancient World Mapping Centre (AWMC) at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, provides an extensive series of online resources in cartography and geographic information science for the use of researchers, teachers and students of ancient studies. The resource provides a wide range of services including: free downloadable digital maps for students; the Ancient Place Name Inventory (APNI); details on maps for the blind; news and information on new mapping initiatives which includes an archive service for older stories; and information on events and other cartographic and geographic publications such as the Barrington Atlas of the Ancient World. Updates to the Barrington Atlas are provided by a community of interested people in the Pleiades website. Also included are links to other mapping projects such as the Stanford University Forma Urbis Roma Project on the Severan period marble map of Rome and the Stadiasmus Provinciae Lyciae on the road system of Roman Lycia in Turkey. The website is easily navigable, can be browsed with a number of software packages and in a text-only version. There are numerous very large images which may take a while to load but they are of high quality and many can be downloaded. This excellent and wide-ranging resource is aimed at a wide variety of users from school teachers and their pupils to undergraduates and researchers in the ancient world as well as those interested computer applications in the humanities.
This site is a lively and extensive online community for devotees of ancient Roman history. Its main feature is a series of chatrooms on a vast array of specific topics relating to Rome, including: classical archaeology; Roman festivals; the Latin language; and Rome in television, movies and the arts. Also featured are trivia quizzes and role play groups (featuring life in various historical periods, for example under the Roman Republic in the first century BC). The site also provides an interactive map (QuickTime required) which locates the Roman provinces (including, for example, Africa, Gaul and Germania) and key sites in the city of Rome itself (such as the Campus Martius, the Forum Romanum and the Capitoline). Users may click on the locations or their names for further detailed information on each region, accompanied by images and maps; this is a useful tool for aiding students with visualising the geography of the ancient Roman empire. If your browser allows them pop-up windows appear including information such as which registered users of the site are online now. Pseudonyms identify the contributors and editors of this resource.
This website provides commentary and images as well as practical details for visitors to a variety of major ancient Greek archaeological sites. Areas covered include Attica, northern Greece, the Peloponnese, and the islands of Aigina and Poros/Kelauria. A page of the resource is dedicated to each ancient site, and includes a detailed description, photographs and bibliographical information, as well as links to other relevant websites. There are also links to extracts from the accounts of 19th century topographers, which may be of interest to those studing the history of classical scholarship. The style of this online resource is informal but also informative and transcends the level of a mere travelogue which makes this website a useful complement to more academic publications on the topography of classical Greece.
This is the website for the Corinth Computer Project, which is based at the University of Pennsylvania in the United States. The project was founded in 1988 with the aim of developing a computerized architectural and topographical survey of the Roman colony of Corinth. The project is particularly concerned with uncovering information about the different stages of the city's development and the impact of non-Roman influences, including Hellenistic, Byzantine and Venetian. There is also an emphasis on research into Roman strategies of city planning. The site offers a detailed methodological essay about the project as well as information about Corinth in Greek, Roman and modern times. The text in each section is accompanied by city plans and photographs, including a number of photographs of the process of excavation, and of the regional landscape. The 'reference' section of the site also provides a glossary of archaeological terms used, a bibliography and links to selected resources for classicists on the Internet. The Corinth Computer Project is a well thought-out scholarly website which has won a number of awards.
Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project is an online collection of digital photographs and measurements based on a large marble street plan of the ancient city, completed around the start of the third century AD. Parts of it survive in numerous fragments, the assembly of which into a coherent 'jigsaw' has long challenged archaeologists. Stanford University's Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project has collected high definition digital photographs and computer measurements of the 1186 surviving fragments (these may be viewed here) and is now aiming to develop computer algorithms that might help to establish a more useful searchable version of the map. The user interface for the selection from Stanford's database which been made so far is available online. This site, though, is the news page for the technical side of the project. It contains a detailed description of the process which the Stanford team is developing, which will be of interest to those who seek to bring the latest technology to bear on ancient problems. The site also offers background information on the original map itself, as well as a detailed annotated bibliography of relevant reference works. There are also useful press reports and news updates about the progress of the project.
This excellent website provides a series of historical, linguistic and mythological maps of the ancient world. The site is divided into the following sections: maps of ancient Italy (from the sixth to the third centuries BC); maps of the Roman world in the republican period; maps of the Roman world in the imperial period; Latin and Romance languages (showing the geographical spread of these languages throughout Europe and under the Roman empire); the return of Odysseus (featuring an interactive map with locations featured in Homer's Odyssey; the accompanying description here is written in Spanish); and the voyages of Aeneas (this section is similar to that on Odysseus' journey). The maps are clearly annotated and easy to understand, and can be used to illustrate the changing boundaries of the territories of Europe at various points in the history of the ancient world. Most of the maps are also available in several languages: English; Catalan; Spanish; Dutch; French; Italian; Galician; and Latin.
This website presents research on the geography of Roman Gaul, in particular on the south-west of the region, by Ralph Mathisen of the University of South Carolina. Locations are listed alphabetically, by ancient Roman province and modern Department, and by site type (such as settlements, sanctuaries, cemeteries, mines and quarries, bridges, aqueducts and roads etc), stages on ancient route maps such as the Antonine Itinerary, the Bordeaux Pilgrim and the Peutinger Table. Full bibliographic citations of each site are also provided. The site was last updated in 2002 and lacks a map of the region which reduces its utility to less experienced learners such as undergraduates, though this resource will benefit more knowledgeable researchers in the field of ancient history and classical archaeology.
Aimed at students who are new to the study of the classical world, this online resource provides an introductory overview of the history and geography of ancient Greece. The resource is part of the Johnstonia website prepared by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, Vancouver. Included are the following: a note on the rendering of ancient Greek names into English; a detailed description of the geographical regions of ancient Greece, accompanied by a map; background information on the origin of the Greeks, including details on Minoan and Mycenaean civilisation; and a brief chronological table summarising key events from the third millennium BCE to the fourth century BCE. The clarity and succinctness of this resource make it a useful tool for those wishing to familiarise themselves briefly with ancient Greece.
The Interactive Ancient Mediterranean (IAM) website is an online atlas aimed at students and teachers who have need of a knowledge of classical geography. The website's 'map room' provides access to maps of the following areas: the Aegean Sea and Greece; Africa; Asia Minor; Britain and Ireland; Northern Gaul; the Iberian peninsula; the Italian peninsula; the Levantine coast; and the Mediterranean basin. These are available to view as high resolution PDF files. There is also information about the project itself, as well as links to other online topographical resources for the ancient world.
The Leonidas Expedition, consisting of a group of academics from the USA, Greece and the UK, has on several occasions revisited the site of the Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC) in Greece with the aim of investigating various aspects of the ancient accounts (primarily found in Herodotus) relating to this key engagement of the Persian wars. This website is devoted to publicising the findings of the expeditions. Much of the site is dedicated to expedition reports, detailing the progress of the team in locating areas where key events of the battle took place. These reports give information about the geography of Thermopylae as it appears now (with OS co-ordinates) as compared with its appearance during Xerxes' invasion. More generally, the website also gives the historical details of the Persian invasion of Greece, accompanied by maps and photographs of the site.
This website has placed online a large collection of maps held in the Perry-Castañeda Library of the University of Texas at Austin -- although some maps are available through links to other sites. The site is extensive and clearly laid out, with maps listed alphabetically according to continent and country. There are maps with geographical, topographical, economic and demographic information. Most offerings are current, but there is a special section for historical maps, with most translated at least partly into English. These would constitute a helpful tool both for research and teaching, and afford the opportunity for comparison with more recent versions. There is a links site to other online maps sites and to maps dealers, and an instructions page for viewing and printing site content. Navigation throughout is straightforward. There is an online form for general enquiries to the University of Texas librarians.
The Mapping History Project, published by the History Department at the University of Oregon, is a freely available online collection of interactive historical maps, designed to illustrate events, developments and statistics. The maps require the use of Shockwave and cover European and American history, but currently only in particular time periods. The European maps cover ancient history, with the categories of: the Ancient Near East; Natural Resources and Trade; Classical Greece; The Hellenic World and Roman Republic; Principate and Empire; and Late Antiquity and Early Medieval. The maps of the United States cover the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, with topics as follows: Territorial Expansion of the US 1783-1899; Slavery Through 1860; and Legal Status of Slavery Through 1860. The maps are also grouped together in topical modules that could function as a teaching tool or as an aid to students. In these modules, the maps are accompanied with explanatory essays. Other editions of the maps are also available with a subscription through Pearson Education, and users can link to these from this site. The site is also available in German.
This essay is a list of places around the Indian Ocean that were involved in trading in the 1st Century AD. Advice on entering some of the ports with a vessel is given. Also mentioned are some of the goods that were traded. It is part of the Internet Ancient History Sourcebook.
This excellent online resource is devoted to a large (70 square metres) plaster model which represents Rome in the fourth century CE (the time of the emperor Constantine). The model, originally created by the architect Paul Bigot (1870-1942) and now housed at the Université de Caen, has been used as the basis for a virtual three-dimensional model which features on this website. Here the user will find an exceptionally detailed interactive tour of the model, with maps, images and video clips of each building and area of the ancient city. This can be accessed in a variety of different ways to suit the user's own requirements, with the material organised either geographically (where each location is given a separate sub-section), historically (with sections on monarchy, republic, early empire and late empire), thematically (divided into, for example, religious buildings, baths, dwellings and so on) or via a map of the city. A scholarly bibliography is also given for each individual building/geographical area. The resource therefore has a wide range of possibilities for helping both students and researchers to envisage the architecture and geography of the ancient city.
This website is dedicated to the ancient Greek philosopher Plato (427-347 BC) and his dialogues, and contains a wide range of articles relating to the man and his works. There is also, however, much here which will be of use to the student of classical Greek history in general. Included are a biography of Plato and a list of his works, along with a brief history of the interpretation of the dialogues. Links are given throughout to the Greek and English texts of Plato's works found online (most of these are from the Perseus website). In relation to the broader history of classical Greece, there is an extensive alphabetical index of key names and places with detailed information on each, and a useful chronological history of Greece in the fifth and fourth centuries BC. Finally, a series of clear maps of ancient Greece and the Mediterranean can also be found here; each map has clickable links to the alphabetical list of locations mentioned earlier.
This website presents an online English translation of the Geography, written by the little-known Greek astronomer and geographer Claudius Ptolemy some time during the second century AD. The text which features here is based on the 1991 edition by Dover Publications, itself a republication of a public domain work, originally published in 1932. It includes simple maps drawn from Ptolemy's data, with an index of the places mentioned in Ptolemy's text. The website is still a work in progress, which means that the text is not yet here in its entirety. Also included is a brief introduction to Ptolemy and his importance as a geographer, along with links to relevant external sites.
A translation into English and a commentary on Ptolemy's Geographia Books I & II, which contain a discussion of the art of mapmaking and an exhaustive description of the northern Roman Empire. It allows us to see not only the region through Ptolemy's eyes in the second century AD., but also the view of the cartographer Marinus, of unknown date, but almost certainly well before the occupation of Britain in 43AD. This resource is available via the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) website, and can be dowloaded as a zipped file in HTML format.
Roman Britain, an exceptionally well-thought-out website compiled by an interested amateur, contains a wealth of useful pages and links to information on Roman Britain. The website offers an extensive variety of material relating to the Roman occupation of the British Isles, including: information from the Peutinger Table and the Ravenna Cosmography, and other ancient texts; a section on Hadrian's Wall with maps, guides and information; useful lists of governors, emperors, and Roman military units in Britain; transcriptions of military diplomata and inscriptions; a timeline; numerous little detours into explanations of Roman coinage and calendars, etc.; and gazetteers of notable Britons, British tribes and deities of the period. The website contains only limited amounts of text and instead includes many compiled lists of sites, legions, tribes, etc. and its strength is in these simple, very useful lists. Section "The Romano-British" contains a series of interactive maps, which can display the location of most Roman (and contemporary) sites in Britain. Roman sites can also be mapped using a separate map with simple layers that can selected or de-selected. The maps were working only with Internet Explorer. This material would be of interest to anyone working on Roman Britain, although the sometimes cartoony graphics and dog-Latin scattered around the site might put off more serious scholars. Several pages were missing at the time of review.
This website is based around Peutinger's Tabula, a twelfth-century copy of the only known Roman road map; the original map showed all of the territory conquered by Rome. In the nineteenth century the map was divided into eleven sections in order to preserve it; the website is based around these sections. The user clicks on a section and then on the name of a town or city and is taken to an image of the map which features that place. The map itself provides a fascinating insight into the geography of the Roman empire, although the online resource is somewhat difficult to navigate and loses some of its impact owing to the impossibility of providing an image of the map as a whole.
Samuel Ball Platner's Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome was originally published by Oxford University Press in 1929, and this website offers a digital version of its contents. It features scans of each page of this extensive alphabetical guide to the monuments, temples, bridges, streets, and fora of ancient Rome, with the period covered dating from the sixth century BC to the sixth century AD. Platner's work offers detailed entries on each building or feature, with a description and a series of references and quotations from ancient texts which discuss the highlighted landmarks. The work may be browsed page-by-page, or alternatively there is a search facility which enables the user to enter a specific term: a link to the relevant page of the dictionary is then given. The dictionary also features a chronological list of dateable monuments.
This website describes the University of Chicago's excavations, since 1989, of the sanctuary of Poseidon at Isthmia near Corinth; this was one of the most important religious centres of the ancient Greek world and the location of the pan-Hellenic games. In addition to reports for the 1989-2007 field seasons, the resource includes a number of articles on various aspects of ancient Isthmia as well as a bibliography of publications by the project team. The resource offers numerous useful maps, plans and photographs of the sanctuary. Particularly attractive is a series of 3D views and contour plans illustrating the architectural development of the sanctuary of Poseidon from the 8th to the 3rd centuries BCE. Ability to view large images (using Adobe Acrobat) is required. This site will be of value both to undergraduates and to those initiating research into the archaeology of Greek religion and social life.