The Romans website is based on the book 'The Romans: an introduction' published by Routledge (2008). In addition to many pages of information there are 24 detailed timelines covering the whole of Roman history and literature, as well as interactive quizzes, picture galleries of images (some from museums like the Hunterian and from the VRoma Project), and maps (from the Ancient World Mapping Center). This resource is connected with a 'parent' site, The Classics Pages, and the sites share a search engine. Clear copyright information is provided for all resources such as text (Taylor & Francis Books) and images.
The BBC History website "Romans" examines the enduring traces of Roman rule (43-410 CE) to be found in Britain - the language, culture and the landscape. Aimed at students of all ages, this website complements recent BBC broadcasts and includes considerable contributions from presenters and producers for example: Roman military historian and associate producer of "Simon Schama's History of Britain", Dr Mike Ibeji asks what the careers of Roman soldiers reveal about life in Roman Britain; Lindsay Allason-Jones (University of Newcastle Upon Tyne) explores the lives of Romano-British women; Adam Hart Davis, presenter of "Local Heroes" asks "What did the Romans do for us?" Other topics include: Roman Empire (Andrew Wallace-Hadrill); Roman Amphitheatre (Kathleen Coleman); Pompeii: Its Discovery and Preservation (Salvatore Ciro Nappo). As well as numerous interpretative texts there are multimedia resources taking advantage of the Internet's versatility as a teaching/learning medium. These include: galleries of images of Hadrian's Wall and Roman mosaics; five FAQs about Roman Britain answered; audio dramas (with script) of the Boudiccan Rebellion in 60 CE; and an interactive 3D reconstruction of Housesteads fort on Hadrian's Wall circa 3rd Century CE. For earlier Internet browsers a text-only version is available for much of the content. The "Romans" site maintains the design of BBCi History - such as the links to History content from the left and top navigation bars (which also identifies which area of the site you are currently in). The search box allows you to search History and the rest of the BBCi website. The bottom navigation bar offers access to: the "reading room" (feature articles authored by prominent historians); the "multimedia zone" (interactive content - games, 3D reconstructions, animations, audio and video); "For kids" (content designed for both primary and secondary school ages); the "how to" section (that offers advice on local and family history, house history, and amateur archaeology).
Britannia : the Roman Army and Navy in Britain 55BC - 410 AD is an excellent online resource which relates to the military history of the Roman province of Britain from the first century until the early fifth century AD. It is mainly the work of one enthusiast, with some academic input on the bibliography. There is an overview of the organisation and equipment of the Roman army which includes: explanations of some of the more common Roman military terms and unit names from the British garrison; descriptions of the types of Roman military sites with reconstructions and plans of typical fortresses, forts, watchtowers, temporary camps, depots, and industrial sites; a summary (timeline) of the major military events in the Province and their relationship to military sites; reconstructions of typical structures and drawings of soldiers; and links to other Roman websites on the Internet. A Gazetteer presents this information accessibly via the geography of the Province. Regional maps and browsable pages organise this into modern regions, and then the location of sites can be seen by counties and unitary authorities throughout England, Wales and Scotland. Detailed maps cover the northern frontiers. A searchable database of more than 550 military sites and army units includes photographs of remains still visible today. There is also a detailed bibliography of works relating to Roman military history in Britain.
This is the website of The Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents (CSAD), part of the Classics Centre at the University of Oxford. Set up in 1995 'to provide a focus for the study of ancient documents,' the CSAD has since become a research centre of national and international importance. The Centre houses the University's epigraphy archive, which includes a large collection of paper impressions of Greek inscriptions, Roman inscriptions from Britain, and a photographic collection. The website is searchable and provides information about the CSAD and its activities, including details on lectures, conferences and seminars, imaging projects, links to resources, and a link to the CSAD's online newsletter. Also accessible via this website are links to the home pages of the CSAD's projects: Vindolanda tablets online; Romano-British curses; Cairo photographic archive; papyri in British collections; Oxyrhynchus papyri; Poinikastas (epigraphic sources for early Greek writing); Monumenta Asia Minoris Antiqua (MAMA); and e-science and ancient documents.
The website "Chester : A Virtual Stroll Around the Walls" is an excellent and relatively informative site which provides photographs of Chester's famed historic city walls. Dating partially from the Roman era, the walls were added to through the ages and form a complete circuit around the centre of Chester, a must on any tourist's itinerary. Chester was one of the few original Roman camps, and was known as Deva. The site provides varied information on Chester from Roman times, the history of the city, its architecture and topography. There is information here of interest to both the casual tourist and inhabitant of Chester alike. Facts about Chester's long history are presented in a lively and interesting way. The site provides reminiscences and updates about other buildings of historic importance in Chester, as well as a gallery of images of Chester, old Chester and of the famous Mystery Plays. The paintings of Chester by Louiss Rayner together with a biography of the artist can be seen on the site.
This website was originally designed to accompany a major international exhibition on Constantine the Great (c. 285-337 CE) which was held at the Yorkshire Museum, York in July 2006. The exhibition celebrated the 1,700th anniversary of the proclamation of Constantine in York as emperor. Whilst the website's main aim is to promote and provide information about the exhibition, it does have one feature in particular which may be of interest to those looking for information on the life and times of Constantine. In the section headed 'Press Information' the user may access a series of short downloadable documents (in Microsoft Word .doc format) which summarise various aspects of the emperor's life. Topics which are covered here include: an introduction to Constantine; Constantine in York; Constantine and Christianity; and the relationship between modern fashions and those of the fourth century. There is also a chronology of key dates, and a selection of images of exhibits (although unfortunately these are unannotated). The site may thus act as a useful starting-point for those unfamiliar with the figure of Constantine.
The Encyclopaedia Romana is an enthusiast's website providing short narrative essays on topics relating to Roman history and culture, and Roman Britain. The essays brought together on the site are arranged under the headings: Nexus (the Roman province of Britannia, and some about Classical Greece); Notae (Roman history and culture); Roma (Roman architecture); and SPQR (the various access options for the information). The topics are of personal interest for the author and are self-evidently the work of a conscientious writer. There is plenty of evidence that the author has checked primary sources (in translation) and secondary sources - bibliographies and relevant online links are given. A more systematic view of the site is provided by the Site Map (a table of contents) or the excellent Site Index (which organises the wide range of topics covered and puts them in alphabetical order).
This online resource, produced by a student from the University of Glasgow's Department of Archaeology, provides an insight into the political and constructional history of Hadrian's Wall, which was completed in 136 CE. The website details the different plans and stages involved during the wall's construction. Sections giving information on the the wall's purpose, modifications and political environment are presented, accompanied by extensive photo libraries of today's visible remains; these include images of the forts and milecastles as well as the wall itself. Pages on the Raetian Limes, the Antonine Wall and the Gask Ridge are also provided; these give further information on Roman military defences and frontiers both in Britain and throughout Europe.
The website "In Boudica's Footsteps" accompanied an edition of the Channel 4 programme Fact or Fiction. One of the specially created microsites, it seeks to overturn the myths surrounding the warrior queen of the Iceni, about even whose name (Boadicea, Boudicca, Boudica) there is dissent. Her revolt, led in AD 60 against the Romans, ensured her a place in British national history, and she was revived as a heroine queen in the Victorian era. The site explores the events that led the queen, humiliated by the Romans, to sack Colchester (Camulodunum), London and St Albans (Verulamium), while Suetonius Paulinus was campaigning in North Wales. The website is easy to navigate and outlines the story well, being divided into sections corresponding to the geographical progress of Boudica's rebellion (Thetford to Colchester; Colchester to London; London to St Albans; and St Albans to Mancetter). It is useful as a basic introduction to one of the most fascinating figures in British, and English, history.
LacusCurtius : Into the Roman World is a significant online collection of a range of useful resources for students of Classics. The site features a Roman Gazetteer, which consists of a photographic guide to various Roman towns and monuments, along with descriptions of archaeological excavations and visitor information. Featured locations include, among others: Rome; Assisi; Ostia; Perugia; and Rimin. The site also hosts around 40 Latin texts by authors such as: Pliny the Elder; Isidore of Seville; Suetonius; Polybius; Quintilian; Celsus; Cato; Procopius; and Macrobius. Some texts are available in Latin, some English, and some in both Latin and English translation. Each text is introduced by the site editor, Bill Thayer, with information about the copy text used (often old Loeb editions now in the public domain) and editorial notes. Other significant online resources include a variety of public-domain reference works. These include a selection of entries from William Smith's 1875 'Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities' and Samuel Ball Platner's 'Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome'. Other resources include: a Roman atlas; a catalogue of Roman Umbria; a section on Latin inscriptions; and an online version of W. R. Lethaby's 'Tomb of Mausolus'. This is an impressive site both in terms of the quantity and quality of the materials it offers.
Over 1,500 colour as well as black and white photographs relating to ancient Greece and Rome taken by the author primarily teaching purposes have been scanned and published online. There are also some non-ancient photographic subjects that have been useful for teaching, such as a photograph of a medieval cathedral for comparison with Roman architecture or a few images of a modern street market in Naples. The site offers a link to a software (Macintosh only) written by the author for teachers of Latin. An internal search engine is also available. The collection can be browsed by subject: England; France; Greece; Italy - (Rome, the Pantheon, Sicily, Italy except Rome and Sicily); and special selections of images (including the Roman house, and some Virgilian sites [Vergil]). The images can be accessed directly or previewed in thumbnails. Information relating to copyright, author and date the photograph has been taken is provided for each image.
This website has placed online a large collection of maps held in the Perry-Castañeda Library of the University of Texas at Austin -- although some maps are available through links to other sites. The site is extensive and clearly laid out, with maps listed alphabetically according to continent and country. There are maps with geographical, topographical, economic and demographic information. Most offerings are current, but there is a special section for historical maps, with most translated at least partly into English. These would constitute a helpful tool both for research and teaching, and afford the opportunity for comparison with more recent versions. There is a links site to other online maps sites and to maps dealers, and an instructions page for viewing and printing site content. Navigation throughout is straightforward. There is an online form for general enquiries to the University of Texas librarians.
This is the official website of the Roman Baths in the city of Bath, England. Describing Bath as 'one of the finest thermal spas of the ancient world', this excellent resource provides detailed information about the history and features of the Roman site. One of it's most interesting features is a 'walkthrough' of the baths which contains images of and information about the different sections of the building. Detailed descriptions of the Roman site can be found here, as well as information about how its appearance has changed over time. Images of selected items from the Roman Baths Museum can also be seen on the website, with accompanying textual explanation. Items featured on the website include: a temple pediment featuring a Gorgon's head; a gilt bronze head of Minerva; and a stone inscription set up by a priest (haruspex). There is also a fully searchable database of the museum's collection, which provides images and information on its holdings. In addition, the website includes information on the wide range of educational services (from school to university level) which are provided by the museum, as well as details (such as opening times and information about facilities) to help visitors to plan their trip to Bath.
Roman Britain, an exceptionally well-thought-out website compiled by an interested amateur, contains a wealth of useful pages and links to information on Roman Britain. The website offers an extensive variety of material relating to the Roman occupation of the British Isles, including: information from the Peutinger Table and the Ravenna Cosmography, and other ancient texts; a section on Hadrian's Wall with maps, guides and information; useful lists of governors, emperors, and Roman military units in Britain; transcriptions of military diplomata and inscriptions; a timeline; numerous little detours into explanations of Roman coinage and calendars, etc.; and gazetteers of notable Britons, British tribes and deities of the period. The website contains only limited amounts of text and instead includes many compiled lists of sites, legions, tribes, etc. and its strength is in these simple, very useful lists. Section "The Romano-British" contains a series of interactive maps, which can display the location of most Roman (and contemporary) sites in Britain. Roman sites can also be mapped using a separate map with simple layers that can selected or de-selected. The maps were working only with Internet Explorer. This material would be of interest to anyone working on Roman Britain, although the sometimes cartoony graphics and dog-Latin scattered around the site might put off more serious scholars. Several pages were missing at the time of review.
This website is based around Peutinger's Tabula, a twelfth-century copy of the only known Roman road map; the original map showed all of the territory conquered by Rome. In the nineteenth century the map was divided into eleven sections in order to preserve it; the website is based around these sections. The user clicks on a section and then on the name of a town or city and is taken to an image of the map which features that place. The map itself provides a fascinating insight into the geography of the Roman empire, although the online resource is somewhat difficult to navigate and loses some of its impact owing to the impossibility of providing an image of the map as a whole.
This is the website of the BBC Radio 4 programme The Roman Way, first broadcast in 2003 and presented by journalist David Aaronovitch, which explores the daily lives of the vast and diverse population which made up the Roman empire. The resource allows users to listen to the series online and provides a commentary on each of the four episodes together with insights on the programme from the presenter and the producer. Other features include a fact file of basic information on the Roman empire, a selection of recipes from the cook book of 1st century AD gourmet Marc Apicius, a list of colloquial Latin phrases and a page of useful external links to relevant webpages. Technical advice is provided for those who need audio help to listen to the programme online. Although aimed largely at the general public, 'The Roman way' will also interest A level candidates and undergraduates studying classics, ancient history and archaeology.
This is the website to accompany Guy de la Bédoyí Ã‚Â¨re's Television series "The Romans in Britain" telling the story of the Roman occupation and its lasting impact - "The Romans helped shape the modern world, but as we are entering a new millennium their influence seems to be waning. How wide is the gap between our perceptions of the Romans and what we actually know about them?". This was broadcast on BBC2 and as part of the Open University's Open2 presentations. Contributors to the series in support of the prolific writer (and now presenter) de la Bédoyí Ã‚Â¨re are archaeologists Gustav Milne (Museum of London), Professor Martin Millett (Southampton University), Simon James, Stewart Ainsworth (Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, and Channel Four's "Time Team"), Lindsay Allason-Jones (Museum of Antiquities, University of Newcastle upon Tyne), Bill Griffiths (Tyne and Wear Museums); Gerald Brodribb; Sally Grainger ; David Rudkin (Fishbourne Roman Palace ) and Eugene Fraser (Butser Ancient Farm), and the prolific and respected writer, and director of the Vindolanda Trust - Robin Birley. The website is separated into the 3 episodes: Fact and Fable; Coming Of Age; and Hadrian's Wall. The full transcript of the programmes are available under "Script" and they are the most interesting part of the website. The left navigation provides links to: a timeline; details of the main locations visited in the series; an extensive reading list, links to other sites; and more information about the Open University courses that the programmes support.
Initiated by the Sussex Archaeological Society at Fishbourne Roman Palace, the 'Romans in Sussex' website is a resource enabling users to access databases of objects and sites in Sussex relating to the late Iron Age (circa 100 BCE - 43 CE), the Roman and the early Saxon period (- 600 CE). It is intended primarily for use in learning and teaching and it has been designed with three separate levels to meet the needs of teachers of: Key Stage 2 (ages 7-11); Key Stages 3 and 4 (12-16); and for further education and higher education and the general public. Teachers may also find this resource useful for background information. Timelines and maps describe key events in Sussex, Britain and Rome throughout this period. Clickable maps illustrate known archaeological features at relevant times in the period. A thematic section divides the period into Late Iron Age, Roman and Anglo Saxon, examining subjects such as settlement and land use, religion and burial, people and politics and trade and industry. Its primary aim is for use as a research tool by students to find out about various aspects of life during this period, drawing on images and descriptions of objects from museums and collections from all over Sussex. Many of the artefacts are not on public display, or even published, and so are available here for the first time. The project is funded by Resource: the Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries.
This is the website of the Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, the main organisation in the United Kingdom encouraging the study of Roman history, archaeology and culture down to the early Byzantine period circa 700 AD. The website provides useful information on the structure and activities of the society, such as: forthcoming conferences and meetings; information on grants and bursaries; details of the library; and recent society news. Also included are details of Roman Society publications such as the journals Britannia and the Journal of Roman Studies, and their associated monographs. The contents page and abstracts of volumes of these journals published from 2002 onwards is available online, in addition to the content pages of volumes dating back to 1996. There is also a useful series of weblinks to similar associations and societies involved in classical studies. This website will benefit students and researchers in the field of Roman and ancient Mediterranean studies.
Tales of the frontier: political representations and practices inspired by Hadrian's Wall is the website of a major Arts and Humanities Research Council project (July 2007 - Sept 2009), which is investigating the cultural and political meanings given to this famous Roman frontier system. The project will range in time from the Venerable Bede (8th Century) to contemporary tourism, and will draw on a wide variety of resources including works of art and literature. The website contains details of the project and staff. There are pages for news, publications and events. There are a small number of selected external Web links of relevance to the project. The project is based at the Durham Centre for Roman Cultural Studies, which is also developing the Hadrian's Wall Research Framework.
The website "Vindolanda Tablets Online" is an excellent site which provides an online database of the Vindolanda Tablets found at the Vindolanda fortress near Hadrian's Wall dating from the first century of the common era. The site is extremely easy to navigate and features a help section. The database is intended to be used as a learning tool for teaching Latin and Classics at all levels; primary school (there is a link to the Latin course for primary schools, Minimus), A and AS levels, undergraduate, postgraduate and for research purposes. The website is based on the publication of three volumes of materials on the tablets, but obviously offers many more facilities than the printed form. There is a section on the background history to the fort of Vindolanda, where the tablets were found. The tablets provide information on the social, cultural, and military history of the fortress. There is an online exhibition of the tablets, which features sections on people, places, documents, reading the tablets, and forts and military life. An excellent reference section provides information about Roman systems of dates, measures, currencies, military units and ranks, and Roman nomenclature. The tablets themselves can be viewed individually, and through an image zooming viewer. The tablets are arranged as a fully searchable set of digital materials with information included that is related to the tablets. The texts of the tablets can be searched by document type, people, places, military terms, archaeology, and other terms. A comprehensive links page provides information on over 70 websites and a bibliography of printed material. The project is based within the Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents, Oxford University and is funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The initial capture of the digital images was supported by an Arts and Humanities Research Board grant.
Vindolanda is a Roman fort and civilian settlement lying just to the south of Hadrian's Wall. The Roman Army Museum, adjacent to the Roman site of Carvoran, 8 miles to the west, (one of the best preserved sections of the Wall), offers an insight into the garrisons of Hadrian's Wall. Roman Vindolanda and The Roman Army Museum are both part of the Hadrian's Wall World Heritage Site. Presented in this website is essential visitor information and background to the museum and the Vindolanda Trust (that provides research, education and the public display of the monument and finds from the Vindolanda excavations) and the Trust's base in the country house of Chesterholm. There are also preliminary reports (news) of all the archaeological excavations carried out since 1997 (the most interesting section), a bookshop, tourist information and a growing Roman and general history links page.