This website acts as an introduction to ancient rhetoric, and was constructed by Malcolm Heath of the classics department at the University of Leeds in order to assist students taking his course on the ancient art of persuasion. As well as a very useful downloadable course handbook (in PDF format) which provides an introduction to ancient rhetorical theory, the site also provides: papers on rhetorical invention and declamation; an introduction to Hermogenes' On Issues; and translations of parts of some ancient textbooks on rhetoric, Aphthonius' and Libanius' Preliminary Exercises (progymnasmata). Given the less familiar nature of these texts, this site is a useful contribution to rhetoric studies on the Internet.
This website consists of an online text of Aristotle's Rhetoric and a short bibliography of secondary works. The text used as the basis for this is W Rhys Roberts' English translation of 1954. Each of the three books of the rhetoric is given its own web page, with Roberts' extended indexes linking to precise paragraphs within the work. The entire site may be searched by keyword, and a Bekker index is also included to allow users to access sections of the text using the referencing system based on the definitive text. Although unannotated, the secondary bibliography is extensive, and organised in reverse chronological order of publication (that is, with the most recently-published items listed first). The entire site may also be downloaded in HTML format.
Devoted to the Roman orator and statesman Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43BC), the Cicero Homepage is a useful online starting point for anyone approaching the study of Cicero for the first time, and also provides suggestions for more in-depth exploration of his works. The site offers full Latin text of some of the author's speeches (De amicitia; Pro archia; In Catilinam; In Verrem; Pro Ligario; Pro Marcello and Brutus). There is also a brief chronology of Cicero's life and works, as well as an extensive bibliography of suggestions for further reading. Although this is not annotated, giving only publication details of books and articles, it is divided, helpfully, into sections on: oratory and rhetoric; Cicero's life and reputation; philosophy and religion; and the publication of Cicero's works, with further sections on secondary material relating to the specific writings of Cicero.
This online resource is the homepage of Malcolm Heath, a professor of Greek Language and Literature at Leeds University, who is responsible for a number of major studies on Greek literature and rhetoric since the late 1980s. His website provides a full list of his publications, with abstracts and, where available, links to full-text versions online. Topics covered include: Aristotle; Aristophanes; Thucydides; ancient literary criticism (including ancient interpretations of Homer); Hesiod; and Pindar. Here Heath also makes accessible a wide range of course materials which he has used for the teaching of classical subjects including: Aristotle's Poetics; ancient rhetoric; Greek tragedy; Homer's Iliad; and literary theory. For each topic there are bibliographies, synopses of key texts and short papers on important issues. There is much here which will be of interest to both students and teachers of undergraduate classical courses.
This online resource provides an alphabetical quick reference guide of rhetorical terms, indexed alphabetically from alliteration to zeugma. Descriptions are succinct and are complemented well by the examples given. In many instances links are provided from the examples given to an electronic version of the text cited at the Perseus Digital Library website. These links usefully take the visitor to the precise point in the text from which the examples is given. The examples are predominantly from classical texts, but others are from modern and early modern sources. The resource is provided by Ross Scaife of the Department of Modern and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Cultures at the University of Kentucky.
The Latin Library website houses a large collection of Latin texts, available for viewing online. Authors and works present include: the younger and elder Plinys; the oratorical, philosophical, and epistolary works of Cicero; Catullus; Martial; Seneca; Suetonius; Horace; Vitruvius; and about 50 others. As well as works of classical literature, the site offers legal and religious texts, along with a selection of medieval works. The texts are divided by book, chapter, and paragraph, so navigating to the right part of the required work is fairly straightforward. No translations, commentary, apparatus or vocabulary help are provided, but the range of texts is so broad that the site is still a very valuable resource. The texts come from a variety of sources, either scanned in by the site's compiler from public domain sources, or submitted by other online Latinists around the world. The compiler gives a list of links to the providers of the texts, and is careful to point out that his collection is not a substitute for published critical editions.
The website 'Medieval Manuscripts of Canon Law and Roman Law' provides access to a list of Canon law incipits compiled and maintained by Dr Giovanna Murano, and to a database of Canon law and Roman law manuscript shelfmarks developed by Gero Dolezalek at the University of Leipzig. The website aims to provide a comprehensive cumulative inventory of all manuscripts of Canon law and Roman law mentioned in catalogues or in legal-historical publications. It is designed as a tool for scholars in order to assist with the discovery of who published what, where and on which manuscript. In addition, the website also provides a gateway of annotated links to other web resources related to manuscripts of medieval Canon Law and Roman law and to some general medieval manuscripts sites. The Canon Law incipit list can be downloaded as a compressed file.
The Mesopotamia website traces the history and culture of the peoples that lived between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, from the first cities (c. 3000 BC) to the conquest of the region by Alexander (330 BC). Beginning with the Sumerians, the site narrates the events and cultural changes (and continuities) through the periods of dominance enjoyed by the Akkadians, Amorites, Hittites, Kassites, Assyrians, Chaldeans, and finally the Persians. The page devoted to the Persians seems to have been omitted from the main index, but can be reached from a link in the drop-down menu in the History and Peoples section. There is a section on the evolution of the Cuneiform script used in the region, and a further section of resources. These include a timeline, glossary, and links to other sites. A 'Mesopotamian readings' page includes the complete text of the Code of Hammurabi, translated by L. W. King, and a summary of the Epic of Gilgamesh. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates.
This Web page forms part of the online Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. It offers a commentary on Plato's hugely influential discussions of poetry and rhetoric, based on the texts of the Ion, the Republic, the Phaedrus, and the Gorgias. Each text is examined in turn, followed by a brief analysis of Plato's own dialogues as rhetoric and poetry. There is an extensive bibliography, and links to online editions of the texts being considered. This encyclopaedia entry offers a good scholarly introduction to Plato's ideas that should be of use to literature students as well as classicists and literary philosophers.
This is the website of 'Projet Volterra', a research project funded by the British Academy through the AHRB (Arts and Humanities Research Board), based at the History Department of University College, London. The project is named in memory of Edoardo Volterra, a distinguished 'Roman lawyer' who died in 1987, leaving his collection of books to the École Française de Rome. The stated aim of the project is to 'promote the study of Roman legislation in its full social, political and legal context'. The site is predominantly a database for Roman edicts issued between AD 305 and AD 383, and uses a variety of sources, (including both epigraphic and papyrological, but mainly the Law Codes). An online version of books one to eight of the Theodosian Code is available (based upon Mommsen's 1905 edition), and the team have aimed to present this as close to the original format as possible. Additionally, the site offers reviews of books on Roman law relevant to the project. Such reviews are not the team's own, but have been taken from the Bryn Mawr Classical Review and the Medieval Review. A list of emperors from Pertinax (AD 192) to Marcian (died AD 457) is present on the site, as is a list of other relevant Web resources.
Rhetorical resources is a website designed to provide information for students studying the Theory and Literature of Rhetoric course at Bradley University. The site is the work of Dr Edward Lee Lamoureux and gives access to various resources for the study of rhetoric from Plato (429-347BCE) to the present day. Items available include: lecture notes with links to relevant texts; links to other related sites; and a bibliography. The site is easy to navigate and clearly written, and would interest students new to the topic.
Rhetorical Review, edited by Dr Pernille Harsting, is an electronic journal that publishes book reviews of new publications on the history of rhetoric. It is the result of international collaboration of specialists in the field of rhetoric.The journal was launched in June 2003 and is published three times a year in February, June and October. Publications reviewed cover all aspects of the history of rhetoric in various languages. All reviews are written in English. All back issues are archived and available full-text. There is an cumulative A-Z listing of authors and editors of books reviewed plus an A-Z book title listing.
Rhetorical Theory is a website providing information on classical and modern rhetoric and rhetoricians. The site also acts as a gateway to a great many related but independent sites offering additional information, criticism, and debate on the subjects covered. Specific authors featured include: Socrates; Plato; Aristotle; Cicero; Quintilian; and Augustine. In addition to these there is a long list of other 'rhetorical scholars' from all periods. The site includes definitions of the various rhetorical divisions, and links are provided to some of the classical treatises on rhetoric. This website forms part of virtualology.com, an educational service aimed primarily at pre-university students, and which publishes students' class assignments on the web. This particular part of the site is however evidently aimed at the more advanced student. Unfortunately commercial advertising on the site is somewhat distracting.
The Roman Law website is part of the 'Law-related Internet Project' at the University of Saarbrücken and makes available some of the surviving fragments of the great corpus of civil law initiated by the 6th century AD Emperor Justinian, accompanied by the gloss written by the mediaeval jurist Accursius (1185-1263). The site is aimed at a number of different levels of interest and knowledge. The beginner is provided with a 'Questions and Answers' page outlining the basics of Roman law and its reception and interpretation in mediaeval Europe. More advanced scholars can subscribe to the Ius Romanum mailing and discussion list. Also featured is a useful page of links to other sites relevant to the history of law or the ancient world generally and some short pages on the history of theft. The resource is available in English, German, Italian and Latin versions though much of the source material, including the bibliographic information on leading jurists, remains in Latin. This site will therefore largely benefit advanced scholars or linguistically proficient undergraduates interested in Roman and mediaeval law or else in Late Roman and early Byzantine society.
The Roman Law Library is an extensive and growing online database of Latin legal texts, many of which are accompanied by translations in Spanish, French or English. The extracts, taken from inscriptions and Latin authors such as Cicero and Livy, are organised by type of law, including: senatus consulta; edicta magistratuum; ius iurandum; and corpus iuris civilis. Those without knowledge of Latin may find this system difficult to navigate. Within each category the texts are organised chronologically. Details of sources, editions and extensive bibliographies are given for each piece. Links to relevant online articles in William Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities are also given. There is also an extensive general bibliography listing both printed sources and online information, and a large, but unannotated, selection of links to web resources on broader classical subjects.
Roman Law Resources is a website containing a great deal of material relating to Roman law, and which also acts as a gateway to other sites that may be of interest to researchers in this field. The site itself is fully searchable by keyword and offers information on the following topics: secondary literature; reviews of publications; teaching materials; primary sources; bibliographies; electronic reprints; errata in Roman Law books; corrections to Alan Watson's English translation of Justinian's Digest; and palingenesiae of Latin private rescripts and imperial Latin laws. Websites which are listed are each given a full description. Several of the resources available via this website are searchable databases providing a wealth of primary information. In addition to these materials, there are several information sections, detailing journals, web portals, prominent historians of ancient law, future events, etc. This is a clear and comprehensive website which provides an excellent starting page for research. It is navigable in German as well as in English.
Silva Rhetoricae: the Forest of Rhetoric has been developed as an online reference guide to rhetorical theories and terms. It covers both the classical and the Renaissance periods. The site offers an alphabetical glossary of technical terms for rhetorical tropes and figures. For each term, there is a definition, examples, pronunciation guideline, etymology, cross references, and a very useful list of sources. It is possible to search the site by keyword. There is a helpful overview of the art of rhetoric, including surveys of the various canons and parts of oratory, such as the judicial, deliberative, and epideictic kinds. Information about classical practices for training in rhetoric is also given. The site is attractively designed, and has won a number of awards for its content. It provides a useful introduction to rhetoric for students of classical and Renaissance literature, and a very good quick reference source for researchers.