This is the online presence of Ancient Narrative, a journal which focuses on ancient Greek, Roman and Jewish novelistic traditions as well as early Christian narrative texts and those of the Byzantine era. Although users must subscribe in order to access the full-text of published articles, the tables of contents and abstracts of issues of the journal (dating back to its first volume published in 2000) are free to view here. Topics covered in the past include: Apuleius' Metamorphoses; Xenophon of Ephesus; Achilles Tatius' Leucippe and Clitophon; metaphor in the ancient novel; utopian themes; Bakhtin and ancient narrative; the feminine in the novel; and the overlap between history and fiction. The website also features archives of the newsletter of the Petronian Society, which is free to access. This contains bibliographies of new publications on the ancient novel, details of forthcoming conferences, and book reviews.
This introductory online guide to the ancient Greek and Latin novel, a literary form which flourished from the second century AD onwards, is aimed at university-level students. Ancient Greek authors who are highlighted include Longus, Chariton, Achilles Tatius and Xenophon of Ephesus and Latin works cited include Apuleius' Metamorphoses and the anonymous novel Apollonius, King of Tyre. The site's most useful feature is an annotated bibliography of secondary literature, with comments by student readers and chapter summaries of many of the works mentioned. There is also a study guide to Longus' Daphnis and Chloe, with information on characters, a book-by-book summary, and notes on key themes and ideas. Finally, a series of papers written by student authors on special topics relating to the ancient novel can also be found here. Topics covered include: the romantic hero and heroine; dream interpretation; travel by sea; representations of Persia; literacy and the novel; burial rituals and the afterlife; and the themes of love and desire.
This website acts as an introduction to ancient rhetoric, and was constructed by Malcolm Heath of the classics department at the University of Leeds in order to assist students taking his course on the ancient art of persuasion. As well as a very useful downloadable course handbook (in PDF format) which provides an introduction to ancient rhetorical theory, the site also provides: papers on rhetorical invention and declamation; an introduction to Hermogenes' On Issues; and translations of parts of some ancient textbooks on rhetoric, Aphthonius' and Libanius' Preliminary Exercises (progymnasmata). Given the less familiar nature of these texts, this site is a useful contribution to rhetoric studies on the Internet.
On the website of the classics scholar Andreas U. Schmidhauser there is a page on Apollonius Dyscolus, containing an introduction, a complete bibliography, works (in Greek) to download including the 1495 Aldina edition of Apollonius's Syntax and a list of Apollonius scholars. Apollonius was an influential Greek author of the second century AD, considered to be the founding father of European reflection on language. He wrote texts on morphology, syntax, prosody, semantics, orthography, and dialectology. The bibliography consists of around 340 items arranged alphabetically. Its compiler claims comprehensiveness for works written in English, French, German, Italian, or Latin. Review articles in the bibliography are hyperlinked to the entry they describe. The Aldina edition of the syntax is a very large file (17MB). The text is in Greek. The bibliography is not at present searchable, although it is possible to restrict the display to editions of Apollonius's works, or to translations of his primary texts. There is the option to subscribe to bibliography updates through an RSS feed.
This website consists of an online text of Aristotle's Rhetoric and a short bibliography of secondary works. The text used as the basis for this is W Rhys Roberts' English translation of 1954. Each of the three books of the rhetoric is given its own web page, with Roberts' extended indexes linking to precise paragraphs within the work. The entire site may be searched by keyword, and a Bekker index is also included to allow users to access sections of the text using the referencing system based on the definitive text. Although unannotated, the secondary bibliography is extensive, and organised in reverse chronological order of publication (that is, with the most recently-published items listed first). The entire site may also be downloaded in HTML format.
The Boethius website is created and maintained by James J. O'Donnell of Georgetown University. It focuses on the Roman philosopher, poet and politician who lived from ca. 480 to ca. 525 CE, offering a brief biography and the Latin text of his 'Consolation of Philosophy (Consolatio Philosophiae)' with translation tools, a line-by-line commentary, an English translation and a bibliography. It is intended as a teaching resource for students of classics and/or history and for this it serves its purpose very well. There are also links to related resources but a number of these were not functioning at the time this record was reviewed.
Chaironeia is a website is devoted to the Greek biographer, historian and moral philosopher Plutarch (c.AD 46-c.120) - the site is named after his birthplace in Boeotia. The most useful section of the site is an extensive bibliography of works on Plutarch, organised by theme and including: editions and translations; the second sophistic and the background to Plutarch and his works; philosophy; religion; literature and aesthetics; textual criticism; and influence; as well as articles and books on specific volumes of Plutarch's Lives and his Moralia. The resource also features a page on Plutarchan Nachleben (influence/reception), with remarks on Plutarch from later authors and historical figures, including Agathias, Shakespeare's 'Henry IV', Ben Jonson, Mary Shelley, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Harry S. Truman. A list of Plutarch links on the Web is also given.
Written by Roger Dunkle of the Classics Department of Brooklyn College, this is an excellent online study guide to classical Greek and Roman culture through its key literary, historical and philosophical writers. The resource, which is intended for use by undergraduates taking classics options, combines historical, critical and literary material with practical exercises and questions in reading, comprehension and interpretation. The authors featured are: Homer; Thucydides; Sophocles; Euripides; Aristotle; Aristophanes; Plato; Lucretius; and Virgil. Each literary genre is accompanied by sections providing cultural and intellectual background. The entries are hyperlinked to Perseus for easy reference, as is the excellent glossary of personal names, technical terms and placenames, though there is no bibliography. This resource provides a clear and reliable learning resource for classics and ancient history students.
This online resource is the homepage of Malcolm Heath, a professor of Greek Language and Literature at Leeds University, who is responsible for a number of major studies on Greek literature and rhetoric since the late 1980s. His website provides a full list of his publications, with abstracts and, where available, links to full-text versions online. Topics covered include: Aristotle; Aristophanes; Thucydides; ancient literary criticism (including ancient interpretations of Homer); Hesiod; and Pindar. Here Heath also makes accessible a wide range of course materials which he has used for the teaching of classical subjects including: Aristotle's Poetics; ancient rhetoric; Greek tragedy; Homer's Iliad; and literary theory. For each topic there are bibliographies, synopses of key texts and short papers on important issues. There is much here which will be of interest to both students and teachers of undergraduate classical courses.
Epicurus and Epicurean Philosophy is a website which aims to introduce Epicureanism both to the serious student of philosophy and to anyone seeking useful and inspiring ideas. Epicurus (341-270 BC) helped to lay the intellectual foundations for modern science and for secular individualism, with many aspects of his system still highly relevant some twenty-three centuries after they were first taught to his students at his school, known as 'The Garden', in Athens. The site includes: translations of Epicurean texts (including works by, as well as Epicurus himself: Diogenes Laertius; Lucretius; Cicero; Horace; Lucian; Cornelius Nepos; Plutarch; and Lactantius); background information on the period in which he and his followers wrote; general material on ancient philosophy; and pages of annotated links to other relevant online resources. There is also a discussion list associated with the site.
This website (which is published by the Wesley Center for Applied Theology) contains the complete works of Flavius Josephus, including the 'Antiquities' (an history of the Jewish people), the 'Jewish War' (an historical account of the revolt against Rome from AD 66-70), Josephus's 'Autobiography', the 'Discourse on Hades' and, 'Against Apion' (an apology of the Jewish people and customs). All the translations are those of William Whiston (who translated them in the seventeenth/eighteenth century). The book version of Whiston's translation was updated in 1906 and more recently in 1988. The version which appears here is based upon the 1906 edition. The translation into English is therefore somewhat archaic, but elegant and eminently readable. There is, however, no commentary on the text, nor even the smallest background detail on any of the works, Josephus, or Whiston. Josephus was born in AD 37 to a priestly Jewish family, and as such was destined for the priesthood himself. At the age of sixteen Josephus spent several months studying with the Pharisees, Sadducees and Essenes before deciding to become a Pharisee. During the Jewish Revolt against Rome (AD 66-70), Josephus was appointed commander of the region around Galilee. The Romans captured Josephus in AD 67, and he remained a prisoner of Vespasian (the military commander and future emperor) until AD 69, when Josephus was given his freedom for prophesying Vespasian's rise to the purple. Josephus remained in Rome after the revolt was put down, and retained close connections with the imperial family (with both Vespasian and Vespasian's sons Titus and Domitian when they also became emperor). Although Josephus became a Roman citizen, he retained his Jewish religion - choosing to remarry a Jewess in AD 73/4. The date of Josephus' death is unknown, but is conjectured to have been around AD 92/3. Josephus's works are clearly set out and the individual chapters (or books) are labelled so that one can click on to a particular book without having to wade through the entire opus. There is no search engine, however. One can also download the complete works as a Zip file from this site.
This site contains Martin Guy's 1996 online edition of 'The Golden Asse' by Lucius Apuleius and is published by EServer, a Web archive of arts and humanities texts, based at the University of Washington. Though characters have been modernized, spelling contemporary to the late 16th century has been preserved within the text which has been made freely available for the use of undergraduates, postgraduates and scholars. Guy's edition is based on the London : Simpkin Marshall, 1933 reprint of the 1639 edition, and provides, in addition, direct access to translator William Adlington's 1566 dedicatory epistle, the Notes to the reader, the Preface, each of the text's eleven chapters, and 'The Life of Lucius Apulius', as well as Guy's brief 20th century bibliography of the title.
Harvard Classics is an online anthology of classics which consists of the 50 volumes of '5-Foot Shelf Books' and 20 volumes of 'Shelf of Fiction'. The collection covers a wide range of literary figures, historical and religious documents, philosophers and thinkers. The '5-foot Shelf Books' includes such major figures as: Confucius; Saint Augustine; Sophocles; Cicero; Vergil; Plato; Bacon; Hobbes; Rousseau; Machiavelli; Darwin; Benjamin Franklin; and Ralf Waldo Emerson. The major religions are represented by Buddhist, Christian, Confucian, Hebrew, Hindu, and Mohammedan texts. There are also volumes devoted to old sagas, stories, poetry and drama, and among the authors included are: Homer; Chaucer; Dante; Goethe; Milton; Cervantes; Racine; Moliere; Shakespeare; Marlowe; Esop; Hans Christian Andersen; Byron; and Whitman. Another volume contains American historical documents. There are also volumes of essays, prefaces and prologues to famous books, scientific papers, and travel literature. The 'Shelf of Fiction' contains 20 volumes of modern novels, romances and short stories written in the late 18th and 19th century. More than half of the works represent English and American literature, but there are also works from Russian, French, German, Spanish and Scandinavian literature. In addition, the Harvard Classics are supplemented by the Harvard Lectures, authoritative essays covering topics from Ancient History to Philosophy and Religion, Poetry and Natural Science. The Shelf of Fiction has introductory chapters on the literature presented, biographical notes on the authors, and critical essays on the selected works.
This Web page belongs to the History of Western Civilization course page by Dr Ellis L Knox of Boise State University, and provides a chronological account of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC). Written for undergraduates, the style is easily readable, if informal. The straight narrative is divided into seventeen short parts. Sometimes this leads to a glossing over of important events: the First Peloponnesian War is described as a 'nasty war' between Sparta and Athens, Sphacteria receives an undetailed mention, and the establishment of the oligarchy in 411 is discussed in the simplest terms. The account will be of most use to those requiring an easy introduction to this difficult period of Greek history. A brief reference page offers full-texts (in English) of Thucydides' history, Plutarch's Lives of Alcibiades and Pericles and a very brief bibliography.
The Digital Texts Project website of the Institute for Learning Technologies (ILT), based at Columbia University, offers free full-text editions of many classic philosophical works in English. Texts available include: Aristotle's 'Nicomachean Ethics'; Plato's 'Meno'; 'Crito'; 'Protagoras'; 'Phaedrus'; 'Gorgias'; 'Ion'; 'Symposium'; 'Phaedo'; and 'Republic'; John Dewey's 'Democracy and Education'; John Locke's 'An Essay Concerning Human Understanding'; and Machiavelli's 'The Prince'. There are also texts by George Berkeley, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, David Hume, and Virgil, amongst others. Brief biographic sketch of authors are also provided, plus links to other major sites with digital texts available. However, it should be noted that this site is still a work in progress: texts are not yet available for all the authors listed on the home page, and some of those which are available are only in plain text format (HTML versions are said to be forthcoming, but site updates do not appear to be particularly frequent). Nevertheless, there is already enough material here to make this an extremely useful resource.
This is the website of the International Boethius Society. This society is dedicated to the study of the life, works, and times of Boethius (c.480-c.525 CE), the Roman philosopher, poet and politician. The society is a non-profit organisation, and this website is hosted by the English Department of the Middle Tennessee State University. Conference information and membership details are provided online along with a link to details of the society's journal 'Carmen Philosophiae' - essentially only a call for submissions, and a guide for submissions.
This is the website of the International Plutarch Society, which aims to further Plutarchan studies and to encourage communication between scholars who are researching various aspects of Plutarch's works. The site gives a page of links to English translations of writings of the Greek biographer, historian, and moral philosopher, (found in the Internet Classics Archive) as well as a large downloadable bibliography (in PDF format) of secondary material on Plutarch which, although comprehensive, gives only the title and author of works with no annotation detailing their content. Details of how to become a member of the International Plutarch Society are also given on the website, as well as information on new publications and upcoming conferences on Plutarch and tables of contents for the Society's paper journal, Ploutarchos.
The Internet Classics Archive offers access to online editions of classical texts. It currently offers over four hundred works by over fifty different authors, primarily Greek and Roman but also some Chinese (for example Confucius) and Persian (for example Omar Khayyam). All texts are in translation. The site offers a facility (through a link to the Perseus website) by which texts can be searched by work, author or by the entire archive. Users can view brief biographical information on each author through links to the online Encyclopaedia Britannica. The site has been affected by some technical problems which mean that searches can be slow. This is a resource which would mainly be of use to undergraduates looking for translations of major texts. It would be less useful for advanced or specialist research.
This website deals with the life and work of the Greek mathematician, Euclid (c. 300 BC). The site has been compiled by Donald Lancon, a freelance mathematical enthusiast who was educated at the University of Houston in the United States. The site consists mainly of an extended essay prepared by Lancon while he was a student at Houston. This includes biographical information about Euclid, which would be of general interest to classicists and ancient historians. Source references are given throughout. The site deals in some detail with Euclid's contributions to geometry and mathematics, paying particular attention to the Elements. This work by Euclid deals with topics including plane geometry, solid geometry and number theory. The site also provides a detailed bibliography of suggestions for further study relating to works on Euclid and other aspects of Greek mathematics.
K C Hanson's website may be a chaotic montage of loosely connected resources, but within this eclectic host of sub-directories, there are several topics worth exploring by those interested in history, culture or religion. Dr. Hanson's primary interest seems to lie with the interactions between various ancient and classical communities spanning from the apogee of the Egyptian to the Roman Empire (in particular the relationship between the later and the early Christian communities). He has assembled a series of dynastic chronologies for both Israel and Rome, along with a selection of texts relevant to this period. With a little searching one can find ancient documents from Mesopotamian, Hittite, and Greek civilizations, along with a selection from Semitic cultures. These texts, all translated, tend to cluster between the eighth century BCE and the third century CE but there are a number which predate these.
Part of the site provides useful support resources for the textbook 'Palestine in the Time of Jesus: Social Structures and Social Conflicts', which Dr Hanson co-authored with Douglas E. Oakman. Those wishing to delve further into a particular topic may also wish to consult Hanson's robust series of web links to the ancient world and/or his bibliographic collections on rituals on ancient Greco-Roman society; Hellenic, Semitic and Anatolia Cultures; and The Old Testament. An attractive collection of images from many of these cultures has been compiled.
The Latin Library website houses a large collection of Latin texts, available for viewing online. Authors and works present include: the younger and elder Plinys; the oratorical, philosophical, and epistolary works of Cicero; Catullus; Martial; Seneca; Suetonius; Horace; Vitruvius; and about 50 others. As well as works of classical literature, the site offers legal and religious texts, along with a selection of medieval works. The texts are divided by book, chapter, and paragraph, so navigating to the right part of the required work is fairly straightforward. No translations, commentary, apparatus or vocabulary help are provided, but the range of texts is so broad that the site is still a very valuable resource. The texts come from a variety of sources, either scanned in by the site's compiler from public domain sources, or submitted by other online Latinists around the world. The compiler gives a list of links to the providers of the texts, and is careful to point out that his collection is not a substitute for published critical editions.
This website, from the Humanities Department of Reed College, acts as a brief introduction to the Roman historian Livy (59BC-AD17) and his work Ab Urbe Condita (From the Founding of the City). It provides a short biography of the writer and a timeline listing the events described in the books of his history. There is also a selection of short extracts from modern writers' works on Livy, and the site gives links to a Latin text and English translation of the work (from Perseus). Finally, a bibliography offers a selection of articles and books which will enable the interested user to explore the topic further.
The Lost Gospel of Judas is a website from National Geographic Society, focusing on the Coptic manuscript discovered in the 1970s and eventually restored and translated in 2006. The Gospel of Judas is believed to have been written before 180 A.D. by an unknown gnostic writer, possibly in Egypt, and was regarded as heretical both for its gnostic content and its favourable treatment of the eponymous disciple, traditionally held to have betrayed Jesus. This site offers background information about the manuscript, its discovery, and the work to conserve it, along with images of the pages of the codex, plus a complete transcription of the Coptic text and an English translation. This is a useful resource for those wishing to learn more about this important discovery.
Medicina Antiqua (ancient medicine) is a website hosted by the Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at University College London and intended as a central resource for researchers in the history of ancient medicine. The site contains: online transcripts of English translations of several works by Galen, with links to a few other transcript sites; a small collection of short analytical essays on aspects of ancient medicine (topics covered include poisons, Hippocrates, dreams, and Galen); and external links to other relevant resources on ancient medicine.
This website provides a brief introduction to, and English translation of, the Notitia Dignitatum, a document which was originally written c. 395 AD (and later revised in the early fifth century AD), and which lists all of the various units of the Roman army and the locations where they were stationed. together with a brief introduction. The text used here is taken from William Fairley's 1551 English edition entitled 'Notitia Dignitatum or Register of Dignitaries, which appears in his 'Translations and reprints from Original Sources of European History, Volume 4'.
The Mesopotamia website traces the history and culture of the peoples that lived between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, from the first cities (c. 3000 BC) to the conquest of the region by Alexander (330 BC). Beginning with the Sumerians, the site narrates the events and cultural changes (and continuities) through the periods of dominance enjoyed by the Akkadians, Amorites, Hittites, Kassites, Assyrians, Chaldeans, and finally the Persians. The page devoted to the Persians seems to have been omitted from the main index, but can be reached from a link in the drop-down menu in the History and Peoples section. There is a section on the evolution of the Cuneiform script used in the region, and a further section of resources. These include a timeline, glossary, and links to other sites. A 'Mesopotamian readings' page includes the complete text of the Code of Hammurabi, translated by L. W. King, and a summary of the Epic of Gilgamesh. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates.
Montclair Electronic Text Archive, from Montclair State University, is an online repository for a limited selection of ancient Latin and Greek texts. Featured authors at the time of writing this review included: Boethius; Caesar; Catullus; Demosthenes; Horace; Persius; Propertius; Prudentius; Tibullus; and Vergil. Texts are available in XML, HTML, and PDF format, but may be of limited use as they are not accompanied by English translation. Viewing many of the texts requires the DJVu software which is available for free download from the home page. There is also a search facility which enables the user to search for specific words in the Latin texts. Also included on the site is a range of secondary texts relating to classical antiquity. These include works on Greek and Roman philosophy, grammar and literature. The site also gives details of the broader projects and activities of the Technology Awareness Group (TAG) which promotes discussion of the use of leading edge technologies in an academic context.
This is the website of the Petronian Society, which is devoted to the study and appreciation of the ancient novel; the genre flourished from the second century AD onwards. Previous issues of the Society's newsletter (dating back to 1970) can be found online here; this includes articles relating to the ancient novel, notices of recently published books/papers, and information about relevant conferences. As well as the newsletter, the site offers resources for the study of Greek and Latin novels, including detailed plot summaries of various works. These include: Chariton's Chaereas and Callirhoe; Heliodorus' Ethiopian Story; Xenophon of Ephesus' Ephesian Romance; Longus' Daphnis and Chloe; Achilles Tatius' Leucippe and Cleitophon; and the anonymous Apollonius, King of Tyre. There is also an extensive bibliography of secondary works. Whilst this is vast, it is arranged only alphabetically without division into subheadings or annotation, which may make it difficult to use. It is, however, searchable by keyword. A list of useful websites is also provided.
The 'Philo Judaeus: On Ascetics' website contains a copy of the first four chapters of the aforementioned text (based on a translation which appeared in an edition by O. Thatcher in 1907 and which has been adapted by Professor Arkenberg). This is one of many texts which appears in the Internet Ancient History Sourcebook. There is a brief introduction, taken from Thatcher's edition, which explains who Philo was and when he wrote (an Alexandrian Jew of the first century CE). This text was composed c.30 CE and focuses on the customs of the Essenes - a particular set of Jews who had an especially rigid modus vivendi (hence the title 'On Ascetics').
The 'Philo Judaeus: The Creation of the World' site is part of the Internet Ancient History Sourcebook and contains an English translation (of the first eleven chapters only) of the aforementioned work. Philo was an Alexandrian (Hellenised) Jew of the first century AD, whose most famous work is arguably 'The Embassy to Gaius'. Philo, however, also wrote many works (all in Greek) on the Jewish religion, of which this is one. Professor Arkenberg of Fordham University has modified Thatcher's (1907) edition. This appears to be the standard translation of Philo, by C. Yonge (who is not credited on the site), which first appeared in 1854-5, and which has since been published in much more recent and more accessible editions than Thatcher's. The site, unfortunately, indicates none of this rather essential and elementary information. There is a very brief introduction to the text, taken directly from Thatcher's book, but there is no commentary, and the format of the text is plain and unadorned.
This is the homepage of Plato, the internet journal of the International Plato Society. It is an impressive site committed to encouraging debate, and the exchange of ideas, between thinkers throughout the world. It consists primarily of essays that interpret texts by Plato and his followers. Work in the history of ideas is also prominent, some articles examining the popularity of Plato in modern Japan, others exploring the transmission of Platonic ideas from one period to another. True to the influence of Plato, the papers carried by this elegantly designed journal are in a number of languages, but English is the most important. Anyone working in philosophy, the history of ideas or theology will find the journal invaluable.
This Web page forms part of the online Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. It offers a commentary on Plato's hugely influential discussions of poetry and rhetoric, based on the texts of the Ion, the Republic, the Phaedrus, and the Gorgias. Each text is examined in turn, followed by a brief analysis of Plato's own dialogues as rhetoric and poetry. There is an extensive bibliography, and links to online editions of the texts being considered. This encyclopaedia entry offers a good scholarly introduction to Plato's ideas that should be of use to literature students as well as classicists and literary philosophers.
This website presents an online English translation of the Geography, written by the little-known Greek astronomer and geographer Claudius Ptolemy some time during the second century AD. The text which features here is based on the 1991 edition by Dover Publications, itself a republication of a public domain work, originally published in 1932. It includes simple maps drawn from Ptolemy's data, with an index of the places mentioned in Ptolemy's text. The website is still a work in progress, which means that the text is not yet here in its entirety. Also included is a brief introduction to Ptolemy and his importance as a geographer, along with links to relevant external sites.
A translation into English and a commentary on Ptolemy's Geographia Books I & II, which contain a discussion of the art of mapmaking and an exhaustive description of the northern Roman Empire. It allows us to see not only the region through Ptolemy's eyes in the second century AD., but also the view of the cartographer Marinus, of unknown date, but almost certainly well before the occupation of Britain in 43AD. This resource is available via the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) website, and can be dowloaded as a zipped file in HTML format.
The Society for Ancient Languages is based at the University of Alabama, and holds reading classes for the study of ancient and medieval Latin texts as well as other events relating to the Latin language. The Society's website gives details of such events as well as providing a range of useful online resources concerning particular Latin authors. Included are detailed biographies of the first-century BC writers Julius Caesar, Cicero, Virgil and Sallust. The site also features a selection of online Latin texts from the first century BC: here selected works of Caesar, Cicero, Horace, Livy, Sallust, Tacitus and Virgil appear, as well as the work of the medieval Latin writer Augustine of Hippo (fourth to fifth century AD). There is also a selection of secondary source material on the Roman constitution, Roman oratory and Roman warfare.
The Worlds of Late Antiquity website is the home page for 'miscellaneous materials relating to the culture of the Mediterranean world', covering the period from 200 to 700 CE. Topics include the life and works of Saint Augustine, Cassiodorus' Variae, Boethius' Consolation of Philosophy, Pope Gregory the Great, Junillus/Junilius (quaestor under Justinian c.AD 541-9, who composed the Instituta regularia divinae legis in AD 542), Aelius Donatus (the mid 4th century grammarian who was the teacher of Jerome), and Cosmas Indicopleustes (a 6th century Alexandrian merchant who eventually became a monk, and who wrote the Christian Topography, based on his travels). All of the sections are composed by James O'Donnell of Georgetown University, primarily for a course he taught in 1995 (the exception to the above is the section on Cosmas, which is by Andrew Weisner also of the University of Pennsylvania). The site focuses on particular works by the aforementioned ancient writers, making the texts available on the net. For instance, Gregory the Great's 'Moralia in Iob' consists of the first five volumes of this book of which the first book is available in HTML format with clickable footnotes, while the remaining four are on ASCII format without footnotes. The Christian Topography of Comas is based upon McCrindles' (1887) translation, using Winstedt's (1909) edition of the Greek text. Generously, O'Donnell includes (a complete edition) of his own book on Cassiodorus, written in 1979, which is now out of print.