This is the website for the 'Desmi' Centre for Ancient Greek Drama. Desmi is an international organisation founded in 1975 with its headquarters in Athens and is subsidised partly by the Greek Ministry of Culture. The centre’s main aims are to promote theoretical study and research in ancient Greek drama and its interpretation and dissemination. The website contains information about the centre and its members. Activities run by the centre include research and academic documentation, practical applications and seminars, symposia and performances. The Centre has two databases which would be of interest to drama students. The first database searches Greek professional performances from around 1991 to 2000, as well as school performances. One can search by title, author, performance title, troupe or year. The other database allows users to search press cuttings.
The basis of this website is a lecture given by Roger Dunkle, professor at Brooklyn College Classics Department, on the subject of the Roman comedy 'Miles gloriosus' ('The Swaggering Soldier') by Plautus (c.250-184BC). The site is divided into sections devoted to different aspects of the play. These include: the figure of the clever slave (a Plautine stock character) and the comedy of intrigue around which the plot is based; the character of the soldier; the supporting characters; and comic devices and conventions. This last section is the most detailed and of the broadest interest for the study of Roman comedy, as it looks at many of the generic techniques employed by the comic playwright. Included are: mistaken identity; surprise/incongruity; coincidence; hyperbole; double entendre; comic use of language (including the play on characters' names); puns; and breaking the dramatic illusion.
This is the website of the Actors of Dionysus, a theatre company which specialises in producing adaptations and translations of classical Greek drama, with a particular emphasis on tragedy. The site gives information about past, current and future dramatic productions, accompanied by details of cast lists, photographs and press reviews, with tour dates also appearing here. Although the site is not comprehensive, it acts as a useful starting point for anyone seeking specific information and images relating to the modern performance reception of particular ancient plays (this is the kind of detailed information which can be difficult to get hold of, although it is currently being collated on a much larger scale by the Archive of Performances of Greek and Roman Drama in Oxford). There is a list here too of the company's publications, which include translations, scripts and essay collections on individual plays. These can be ordered via the site. The Actors of Dionysus also run an educational outreach programme comprising workshops and special events, accompanied by supplementary educational material. Details of such events can be found on the website.
This is an electronic version of Aeschylus' "Agamemnon", translated and edited by Ian C. Johnston. The material was prepared for courses he originally taught at Malaspina University College, Nanaimo, Canada. This resource is available via the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) website and can be downloaded as a zipped file in HTML format. It is necessary to apply for approval from the OTA before download, and a link is provided to the terms and conditions of use, and a form to apply for permission.
Designed to provide students with an introduction to ancient Greek drama and the theatres in which it was performed, the website "Ancient Greek Theater" comes from Reed College's Humanities Department. It features the following: a timeline of Greek drama, locating key events and plays (both comedies and tragedies) in their chronological context; a section on the origins of Greek drama, with extracts from the works of ancient authors (in English translation) on the subject (e.g. Aristotle, Herodotus, Plutarch, the Suda lexicon); an outline of the process of staging a play; a plan and description of a typical Greek theatre; and a summary of the basic structure of an ancient Greek play. There is also a series of links to searchable Greek texts and English translations of a series of Greek tragedies and comedies from the Perseus website. Finally, a bibliography of introductory reading on Greek drama in general and on the playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides and Aristophanes is also given.
This is the online presence of the Archive of Performances of Greek and Roman Drama (APGRD), an inter-disciplinary research project at the University of Oxford which is aimed at establishing the international history of the production and reception of classical plays from the Renaissance to the present day, and to trace all extant evidence for performance and re-performance of plays within antiquity. The purpose of the APGRD is both to serve as a repository of physical materials relating to the stage history of the works in performance (such as playbills, programmes, reviews, drawings, photographs and audio-visual recordings) and to compile a comprehensive production history of ancient drama on the modern stage (revivals and adaptations on stage and film, and in opera and dance). Users may register to search the online APGRD Database of more than 9,000 productions of Greek and Roman drama on the modern stage, plus bibliographical sources for them. Playwrights whose works feature are Euripides, Sophocles, Aeschylus, Aristophanes, Menander, Plautus, Terence, and Seneca. This site provides information about the project, its events (including seminars, conferences and colloquia) and publications, as well as links to further research resources and listings of current and forthcoming productions of ancient drama. Links to relevant online resources include those for the reception of ancient drama, Classics in general and theatre studies. Funding is received from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
This site, entitled Speech and Drama, is a subsite of the BBC Radio 3 website. The site posts information on and audio links to the different BBC Speech and Drama programmes, which include: Night Waves; The Verb; Sunday Feature; Between The Ears; Drama on 3; and The Wire. Site visitors can access programmes relevant to the study of classic and contemporary literature, poetry, film and drama. One highlight in this respect is the site's Poetry Library, which features audio recordings of poems being read out loud, in some cases by the poets themselves. There are also some elements of the site which will interest specialists in Cultural History, with a specific programme on Czech history, for example. The site has an artist search engine, with which users can search for biographies and discographies on 15,000 artists across all genres. An interview subsite includes interviews with noted composers, directors, photographers, film-makers, sculptors, painters, artists, choreographers, historians, novelists, playwrights and poets.
This is downloadable resource from the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) website, available as a zipped HTML file. The Birds was first produced at the drama festival in 414 BC, where it won second prize. At this period, during the Peloponnesian War, Athens was very powerful and confident, having just launched the expedition to Sicily, fully expecting to triumph in that venture and in the larger war.
The Bryn Mawr Classical Review (BMCR) is a regularly-updated online journal which publishes reviews, written by academics, of books on a whole range of classical subjects (since 1990). The reviews are generally longer than one expects to find within a scholarly journal, often giving a chapter-by-chapter summary of the work as well as critical comment. BMCR also publishes responses to reviews (and occasionally responses to the responses). The website gives access to all reviews published since 1990 and a simple search interface. The website also includes instructions for viewing Greek characters online, as well as guidelines for reviewers. The reviews are relevant to both Classics and Classical archaeology and may be useful to bot researchers and students.
This is the website of the Centre for Ancient Drama and its Reception (CADRE), a research project based at the University of Nottingham's Classics Department. The project aims to further the study of ancient Greek and Roman tragedy and comedy and to look at its influence upon later traditions. Details of project members and collaborators are given here, as well as information on conferences held by the CADRE. The most informative section of the site is concerned with an ongoing project on Sophocles' fragmentary tragedies. Here brief synopses of selected fragments are given, along with some discussion by the editors. There is also a contents list for a forthcoming volume entitled 'Shards from Kolonos: Studies in Sophoclean Fragments'.
This well-organised website accompanies a course on classical drama and theatre run by Mark Damen of Utah State University. Although the material is designed for students on this particular course, there is much here which will be of interest to anyone studying or teaching these aspects of the ancient world. The site is divided into sections; within each section are several 'chapters', each of which corresponds to one week's teaching; the text of a lecture, along with some accompanying illustrations, is provided for each chapter. Section headings are as follows: the origins of western theatre (including chapters on theatre in the early Greek world and early Greek tragedy); classical Greek tragedy (with information on Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides); Greek comedy (covering satyr plays, Aristophanes and Menander); and Roman drama (dealing with the comedy of Plautus and Terence and the tragedy of the younger Seneca). Texts which are discussed are included in English translation (as 'readings') and are accompanied by questions for students to consider.
This website was set up by Dr Robin Mitchell-Boyask of Temple University to accompany his course in classical mythology. It is focused largely on Greek mythology, and is written primarily with undergraduates in mind, covering a range of mythological subjects, such as the gods and the Trojan War. Included are a series of study guides, compiled by Dr Mitchell-Boyask and featuring the following works: Homer's Iliad and Odyssey; selected Homeric Hymns; Sophocles' Oedipus and Antigone; Euripides' Medea and Hippolytus. Also featured are: a list of links for studying ancient mythology; details of the myths relating to Zeus; and links to images of myths relating to Heracles, Apollo, the city of Athens and the Trojan War (these lead ultimately to relevant pages of the Perseus website). This resource is a very straightforward site which would be of use to any student of Greek mythology.
This website accompanies a course on Classical Mythology run by Professor William A Johnson at Bucknell University. Whilst some of the information here is specific to that particular course, there is much which will be of interest to those looking for information on the myths of the ancient world in general. Individual pages of the site contain notes on particular topics and questions for discussion, and would be useful aids to anyone preparing tutorials or lectures relating to the themes covered here. Many pages are also accompanied by images from ancient art. The focus is primarily on ancient Greek myth, and individual sections deal with the following subjects: myth in literature (including the Near Eastern background, Gilgamesh, Homer and Hesiod, and the Greek dramatists Aeschylus and Sophocles); myth in art (with images relating to the myths of Heracles, Medea and Jason, and Perseus); myth in religion (including both gods and heroes); myth and thought (covering some of the ways in which philosophy and science deal with myth); and theories of myth. There is also a quick-reference study guide dealing with key names, concepts and episodes in myth. A further section gives sample exam/essay questions.
Written by Roger Dunkle of the Classics Department of Brooklyn College, this is an excellent online study guide to classical Greek and Roman culture through its key literary, historical and philosophical writers. The resource, which is intended for use by undergraduates taking classics options, combines historical, critical and literary material with practical exercises and questions in reading, comprehension and interpretation. The authors featured are: Homer; Thucydides; Sophocles; Euripides; Aristotle; Aristophanes; Plato; Lucretius; and Virgil. Each literary genre is accompanied by sections providing cultural and intellectual background. The entries are hyperlinked to Perseus for easy reference, as is the excellent glossary of personal names, technical terms and placenames, though there is no bibliography. This resource provides a clear and reliable learning resource for classics and ancient history students.
The Classical Reception Studies Network (CRSN) website presents the aims and activities of the Network, and offers useful information for those involved in classical reception studies in the UK and abroad. The Network brings together 11 universities with research specialisms in the subject (early 2009) aiming to facilitate and promote debate and collaboration in the area of classical reception studies. The website contains information about the Network and its members and partners. A database of research and teaching in Classical departments in the UK and the Republic of Ireland is being developed and a pilot version is available on the website. Researchers and postgraduate students in the field should benefit from the listings of forthcoming events (conferences; seminars; workshops; and performances); calls for papers; job vacancies; scholarships; and latest news about projects, reports and publications that conveniently draw together up-to-date information in one place. The Network also publishes a newsletter (available online) and a list of links to related websites.
Classical Receptions in Drama and Poetry from c.1970-Present is a research project based within the Department of Classical Studies at the Open University (UK) and directed by Professor Lorna Hardwick; this is its online presence. The project aims to document and analyse the theatrical and literary interest in Greek texts and drama. This aim is accomplished through two broad aspects of the project. First, the project is publishing a series of case studies which examine relationships between the ancient texts and their corresponding modern creative art forms. Second, the project is developing a database of performances staged in the late twentieth century. Evidence is drawn from programmes, acting scripts, interviews and other texts. The Reception of Classical Texts database can be searched online after registration. A Poetry database is under development. The project publishes two peer-reviewed ejournals: New Voices and Practitioners' Voices, which are available from the website, as is the series of critical essays: 'Documenting and Researching Modern Productions of Greek Drama: The Sources'. The project has set up an electronic seminar series to enable informal contact and discussion among researchers working in the area, and these eseminars are archived and available on the project site (going back to 1998). The website also contains: information about the project and its methodology; a list of project publications; a specialist bibliography of material relating to modern productions of ancient Greek drama; and information about their Masks Workshop (2000). The project publishes listings of current and forthcoming productions in UK & Ireland and conferences, seminars and lectures, and the site makes avalable a list of links to related online resources.
This online resource is the homepage of Malcolm Heath, a professor of Greek Language and Literature at Leeds University, who is responsible for a number of major studies on Greek literature and rhetoric since the late 1980s. His website provides a full list of his publications, with abstracts and, where available, links to full-text versions online. Topics covered include: Aristotle; Aristophanes; Thucydides; ancient literary criticism (including ancient interpretations of Homer); Hesiod; and Pindar. Here Heath also makes accessible a wide range of course materials which he has used for the teaching of classical subjects including: Aristotle's Poetics; ancient rhetoric; Greek tragedy; Homer's Iliad; and literary theory. For each topic there are bibliographies, synopses of key texts and short papers on important issues. There is much here which will be of interest to both students and teachers of undergraduate classical courses.
The Clouds was first produced in the drama festival in Athens - the City Dionysia - in 423 BC, where it placed third. Subsequently the play was revised, but the revisions were never completed. The text which survives is the revised version, which was apparently not performed in Aristophanes' time but which circulated in manuscript form. This revised version does contain some anomalies which have not been fully sorted out (e.g., the treatment of Cleon, who died between the original text and the revisions). At the time of the first production, the Athenians had been at war with the Spartans, off and on, for a number of years. The resource is available via the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) website, and can be downloaded as a zipped HTML file.
'Didaskalia: Ancient Theatre Today' (ISSN 1321-4853) is an English-language Web resource that combines an online full-text journal with short introductory essays. There are also listings and links to ancient theatre resources online. The online journal, published sporadically since 1994, covers modern performances of Greek and Roman music, drama and dance. At September 2008 there are 21 issues available online. Each issue carries a mixture of features, performance and book reviews. Themes have included: Masks; Tantalus; Electra; crossing the ancient stage; Homeric epic; contemporary research trends and electronic initiatives in ancient theatre studies. Contributors to the journal have included scholars and theatre professionals. This is a useful resource for anyone interested in ancient theatre in general or in its modern performance and reception in particular.
The website Diotima: materials for the study of women and gender in the ancient world has been constructed by the Stoa Consortium for Electronic Publication in the Humanities. The resource is called Diotima after a woman praised for her wisdom by Socrates in Plato's Symposium. Resources are concentrated in the field of women in classical antiquity, especially in ancient Greece. There is also information relating to women in the context of Biblical studies, including New Testament Christianity, early Church history and the medieval period. The site offers links to online texts, essays and criticism, bibliographical material and links to image-based resources, including paintings, archaeological images and costume sketches.
The Eumenides is a collection of material prepared for courses originally taught by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University College, relating to the Greek tragedy of that name by Aeschylus. The material can be freely downloaded in HTML format from the Oxford Text Archive's website, which was formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS).
This Web page, part of the Johnstonia website created by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, Vancouver, is described by the author as an introductory note to Euripides' tragedy, the Bacchae. It takes the form of a detailed essay discussing various aspects of the play. A summary of the key features of the play's plot is followed by sections on the following topics: the theme of impiety; Dionysian religion; the play as a 'choice of nightmares' or vision of despair. There are also brief notes on the historical context of the play and its mythological framework. Links are provided to an English translation of the Bacchae, also written by Ian Johnston.
From the Humanities Department of Reed College, this concise Web page focuses on the Greek drama Bacchae, composed by the tragedian Euripides (c485-406 BC) and first produced in 405 BC. The site features a range of resources to aid students' understanding of the play. These include: an outline of the plot; a series of images (taken from Perseus), with explanatory text, depicting Maenads and Dionysus as shown on ancient vases and coinage; links to extracts from primary sources which shed light on passages from the Bacchae (featured texts include Aristophanes' Frogs, Euripides' Cyclops, the Homeric Hymn to Dionysus, and Herodotus); some extracts from the works on the play's modern commentators. There is also a series of external links relating to the play and to the figure of Dionysus.
This online resource is the complete text of a lecture on Sophocles' fifth-century BCE tragic play, Oedipus the King (Oedipus Tyrannos or Oedipus Rex), given by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, Vancouver, as part of a Liberal Studies class. This forms part of the author's Johnstonia Web pages. The following topics are discussed in the course of the essay: fate and fatalism; the notion of the hero; the character of Oedipus; the seer/prophet Teiresias; the Chorus; irony, fate and free will; the tragic hero; the appeal of tragedy; interpreting tragedy; the end of the tragedy; and the historical development of tragic drama. There is also a link to a complete English translation of the play itself, produced by Ian Johnston.
The Frogs is an electronic edition of the Greek comedy of that name by Aristophanes, translated into English by Ian Johnson (though the translator acknowledges his debt to an earlier edition by W. B. Stanford). The play text can be downloaded as a zipped HTML file from the Oxford Text Archive website (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)). The text includes brief footnotes explaining key terms, and the OTA site also offers a short introduction to the historical context of the play.
Greek Theater and Society is an extensive online resource designed to accompany a course run by the Classics Department at Temple University. It is concerned with Greek drama and the society which produced it, and looks at both tragedy (Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides) and comedy (Aristophanes) in the fifth century BC. The site's main feature is a series of study guides and worksheets on specific plays. These include: Aeschylus' Prometheus Bound and Oresteia; Sophocles' Oedipus Tyrannos, Ajax, Electra, Philoctetes and Trachiniae; Euripides' Bacchae, Medea, Hecuba, Iphigenia at Tauris, Hippolytus and Heracles; and Aristophanes' Birds, Lysistrata and Frogs. The guides include plot summaries and highlight key themes of the plays. The website also has a glossary of key terms; information on characters from mythology; and a set of links to external sites offering bibliographies and background information on Greek drama (although note that several of the links to Perseus have not been updated in line with that website and are therefore broken).
"The History of the Theatre" by Oskar Brockett and Franklin Hildy traces the course of dramatic performance from its origins, through European theatre of the Middle Ages, to the dramas of Europe and America in the modern period. It also includes chapters on Asian and African theatre. This website is a companion to this important book, and has a twofold aim. Firstly, to provide updates to the text, and secondly to deploy new technology to develop new approaches to the study of the theatre. The website is of principal value for its list of links, organised chapter by chapter. These provide a much-needed and useful resource for a prospective student. Although not intended to be comprehensive, a wide range of websites are included, ranging from large academic projects, such as Perseus and the University of Virginia's Electronic Text Center to individual pages of scholars and tutors. The website accompanies the eighth edition and updates to the text are limited. However, the book is now in its ninth edition, and a companion website introduces the alterations (mainly the reorganisation of chapters) and has an appendix on the nature of theatre history that is omitted from the text.
This website provides a lecture-style illustrated introduction to ancient Greek and Roman comedy, an excellent overview (by Roger Dunkle of the Classics Department of Brooklyn College) of the subject for school and undergraduate level students of classics and related disciplines. The 29 sections introduce the origins of classical comedy and its role in the religious festivals of Athens, which were established in honour of the god Dionysius. It particularly relates to the Great (or City) Dionysia, one of the two Dionysian festivals (the other being the Rural Dionysia) that was probably established in the 6th century BC, but that is best documented from the 5th century BC onwards. The website outlines the form and function of the theatres and their technical equipment with reference to surviving literary, iconographic and archaeological evidence. There is much useful information on genre, aspects of performance, the role of actors and chorus, and on music, as well as a modest bibliography suitable for undergraduate reading. The text is hypertexted throughout to the Perseus digital library for convenient reference, which makes it an ideal online resource for students taking classical civilisation at an elementary level.
This online resource is a clearly-written and well-illustrated introduction to Greek tragedy aimed at undergraduates studying Classics and related subjects, by Roger Dunkle of the Classics Department of Brooklyn College, New York. Presented in lecture form, the course consists of 24 sections which include the following: an explanation of the origins of tragedy in the religious festivals of ancient Greece (particularly the City Dionysia in Athens); information about the locations of ancient theatres and an analysis of their architectural and technical details; a discussion of the written and iconographic sources for the Greek theatre; and sections on the actors, chorus, music and production of a play. The only drawback is the absence of a bibliography or of sources for the archaeological material such as the admirable series of painted vase scenes which reflect the origin of the text in the lecture hall. Nonetheless, the resource will benefit school and undergraduate students of ancient literature and society, as well as those interested in comparative literature and drama.
These pages collect together online a vast range of excellent teaching materials for classical subjects compiled by John R Porter, an associate professor of history at the University of Saskatchewan. A variety of aspects of Greek and Roman culture and civilisation feature here, including literature, history, art and archaeology. Although they relate to specific courses taught at the University the notes relate to key themes of most classical syllabi and will therefore be of use to both students and teachers elsewhere. Broad topics which are covered include: Homer's Iliad; fifth-century BC Athens; Greek tragedy (Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides), comedy (Aristophanes) and historiography (Herodotus and Thucydides); Roman republican and early imperial history; Latin poetry (Catullus, Virgil and Ovid); Latin satire (Petronius); daily life in antiquity (including education, dress, food, women's life, slavery, and entertainment). Each section features detailed notes on themes, historical periods or individual authors and texts; bibliographies and chronological tables are also given.
Johnstonia is the home page of Ian Johnston, formerly an instructor at Vancouver Island University in Canada. The website offers a substantial collection of primary texts, many of which were translated by Johnston, plus many of Johnston's own essays, lecture transcripts, book reviews, and other study materials. Most of the primary texts fall within the disciplines of classics and philosophy, including works by: Aristophanes; Homer; Nietzsche; Rousseau; and several others. The lectures and other material cover many of the same authors, plus a number of literary writers: T. S. Eliot, John Milton, and Tom Stoppard are among those included, and there is a section devoted to the study of Shakespeare. The site describes itself as 'designed to provide curricular material for various courses in literature and Liberal Studies'. The works are freely available for educational and other non-commercial uses.
This website, produced by retired lecturer Julia Bolton Holloway, is concerned with the comedies of the Latin playwright Terence (Publius Terentius Afer, ca 186-159 BCE) and their reception during the medieval period. It provides the Latin texts of his plays Heauton Timoroumenos ('The Self-Tormentor' and Eunuchus, and provides links to other online texts of his works. It also contains medieval texts influenced by the plays of Terence, such as Hrotswitha of Gandesheim's 'Abraham and Mary' and 'Pafnutius and Thais', also in Latin. There are a number of secondary essays about Terence and his legacy, and links to sites about Terence manuscripts and iconography. A bibliography of manuscripts and early printed editions is included, along with medieval illustrations.
Founded in 2002, Leeds International Classical Studies is an open-access online journal associated with the Leeds International Classics Seminar. It publishes articles and interim discussion papers on all aspects of Greek and Roman antiquity, and of the history of the classical tradition. Topics covered by journal articles include: comedy; didactic poetry; marriage and sex; oratory and rhetoric; philosophy; and tragedy. As well as presenting the full text of journal articles in PDF format, the website also provides: guidelines for those who wish to contribute articles to the journal; a statement of editorial policy; and information regarding the copyright of articles submitted.
The Libation Bearers is an electronic version of a translation of the Greek tragedy by Aeschylus, prepared by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University College as a teaching resource. The text can be downloaded free of charge, in HTML format, from the Oxford Text Archive, which was formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS).
Modern Actors Staging Classics (MASC) is a Canadian theatre company which attempts to produce faithful reconstructions (in translation) of ancient Greek and Roman tragedy and comedy on the modern stage, and this is their website. It contains information on their production of plays by Euripides, Sophocles, Aristophanes and Plautus. The site will be of interest to those looking for information on the performance reception of classical drama. In particular, it provides an insight into some of the problems of staging ancient plays with which modern directors and performers must engage. Each production is detailed here with photographs and accompanying text which highlights many of the issues involved in producing classical theatre. Stage and set design, costumes, masks, use of actors and the relationship of the actors/characters with the audience are all touched upon here. The site also gives some suggestions for further reading on several of the plays, as well as links to online reviews of individual productions (found in the online journal Didaskalia).
Hosted by the Department of Classical Studies at the Radboud University Nijmegen in the Netherlands, this website is the home page of the Network for the Study of Archaic and Classical Greek Song, which was founded in 2007. The network is devoted to the study of lyric, elegiac and iambic poetry in archaic and classical Greece, and was co-founded by Ewen Bowie of the University of Oxford and André Lardinois of the Radboud University Nijmegen. The site gives details of the activities of the network (including meetings and conferences), as well as names and contact details of its members. Perhaps the most useful aspect of the site for researchers is, however, the extremely comprehensive and up-to-date bibliography of publications on archaic and classical Greek poetry. This is divided into the following sections: Greek song (general); Greek elegy and iambus; Greek lyric poetry; and dramatic chorus. Each of these sections is then divided into sub-sections devoted to individual poets and playwrights. Where articles or abstracts are available online, links to these are provided. There is also a list of forthcoming publications on relevant topics, as well as a list of postgraduate dissertations-in progress.
New Voices in Classical Reception Studies is the website of a journal produced by the Open University's classical reception project (Reception of the Texts and Images of Ancient Greece in Late Twentieth-Century Drama and Poetry in English). Launched in 2006, the journal, which showcases the work of scholars in classical reception studies, aims to publish annually in Spring; here users may access the full text (as Word or PDF documents) of all articles published to date. At the time of writing this review, themes discussed included: the theme of nostos (return) in ancient and modern Greek poetry; performance and adaptation of Greek tragedy; Euripides' Medea in Brazil; Hellenistic India; Sophocles' Electra in opera; and the use of classical imagery by a global company. Those interested in the continuing adaptation of ancient themes in the modern world will find much of interest here.
This Web page is the revised version of a lecture on Aeschylus' fifth-century BCE tragic trilogy, the Oresteia (comprising the Agamemnon, Choephoroi and Eumenides - although the primary focus of this lecture is the Agamemnon). The text was written by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, Vancouver, and it forms part of his Johnstonia website. The following topics are covered in the lecture: the Trojan War; the house of Atreus; the revenge ethic; the theme of revenge in the Agamemnon; the role of the Chorus in the Agamemnon; and the characters of Agamemnon and Clytaemnestra. There is also a link to an online English translation of the Oresteia, also produced by Ian Johnston.
Rheinisches Museum für Philologie is a scholarly journal for classicists with papers primarily written in German, and this is its website. Here the user can access, free of charge, the full-text of articles from issues 93 (1950) to 147 (2004) are now accessible online (at the time of writing this review). Further articles will be added regularly (three years after publication), and currently the tables of contents are also available here for all issues since 1990. To access the full-text papers in PDF format readers should click on the small arrow next to each title. Papers deal with ancient Greek and Latin texts and authors in a range of genres (poetry, drama, historiography, epic and satire, for example). Authors discussed in some of the papers include, among others: Aeschylus; Aristophanes; Lucian; Martial; Sappho; Seneca; Suetonius; Theophrastus; and Virgil.
Compiled by Timothy J. Moore of the Department of Classics, University of Texas at Austin, this online bibliography provides an extensive list of references and is therefore a useful starting point for the student or researcher seeking secondary literature which relates to Roman drama. The page is organised thematically, beginning with a section on general discussions of Latin plays and the theatre. There follow sections on both comedy and tragedy. Where comedy is concerned, Plautus and Terence are highlighted, with details of commentaries and concordances as well as of papers on particular aspects of their works. Lost comedy is also given attention, with some articles on Naevius, Turpilius and Caecilius. On tragedy, the bibliography is not so extensive, with the main focus being on Ennius. Works written in English, German and Italian are featured, and many of the entries are given a short annotation which indicates the nature of their content and argument.
This Web page is the text of a lecture by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, Vancouver, on the subject of satire in the 5th-century BCE comic play of Aristophanes, the Clouds. It forms part of the author's Johnstonia website and is aimed at an undergraduate audience reading Aristophanes for the first time. The author presents some general discussion on the topics of humour, laughter and the structure of jokes before going on to look specifically at satire and its role in the Clouds in particular. He focuses on the portrayal of Socrates in the play and looks also at the presentation of philosophy and sophistry in general by Aristophanes. Brief consideration is also given to the role of the chorus in the Clouds, as well as to the ending of the play. A final short section looks at the use of satire in Aristophanes' Birds. The page features a link to an online English translation of the Clouds, also produced by Ian Johnston.
The website Skenotheke: Images of the Ancient Stage has been developed by John Porter, a classical archaeologist based at the University of Saskatchewan in Canada. The site is dedicated to images of ancient Greek and Roman theatre which are available on the Web; as such, whilst it does not feature original content, it is a very useful one-stop resource for those interested in ancient drama and the locations where this was performed. Links are provided to virtual reconstructions of ancient theatres, as well as to images of modern productions of classical plays. Images of ancient theatres are arranged by geographical location. Sections are dedicated to the following: the theatre of Dionysus at Athens; deme theatres; other theatres across mainland Greece (including those at Corinth, Delphi and Epidauros); the theatres of Asia Minor; and those on the Greek islands. There are also resources on Roman theatre including that at Pompeii. In addition, the site offers a collection of images of Greek and Roman drama shown in ancient art (including: vase paintings; figurines; mosaics; frescoes; and architectural decoration). These images would be useful for those studying acting in the Greek theatre and related topics such as Greek masks. The site offers resources for the study of satyr plays and comedy as well as Greek tragedy.
The Theatre Database is an extensive resource for students of drama, covering drama from the classical world to the 21st century. There are seven principal sections, relating to ancient theatre, medieval theatre, and chronologically from the 16th to the 20th centuries. Within each section are a number of informative essays covering the significant aspects of the era. So, for the 16th century, there are pieces on Elizabethan Dramatic Criticism, a biography of Shakespeare and an analysis of John Heywood. These essays are taken from a range of previously published works, each of which is credited to its author. In addition, related links are appended to each study, as well as a direct link to the HighBeam search engine. The website is particularly strong in its resources on Ancient Theatre, and surprisingly brief on the 20th century; there is also, as yet, very little on the 21st century. It should be stressed that the individual essays are are old, generally dating to the early decades of the 20th century. Articles on the Ancient Theatre (this reviewer's primary field of knowledge) are not by classical specialists, and unlike Aristophanes, Greek tragedians are not given the same play-by-play treatment. Many of the links are to equally outdated articles on the Theatre History website. Even if these essays may be valid in outline, they are unsatisfactory in such a potentially useful resource. This criticism holds true for the other periods: the essay on Shakespeare is taken from Bellinger, M.F., "A Short History of the Drama" (New York, 1927). At most, this website is useful as a starting point, and the advertisements on the site are rather irritating. As an alternative, with a greater and more contemporary scope, interested users might try Franklin Hildy and Oscar Brockett's History of the Theatre website.
The website TheatreHistory.com features information about a wide range of theatrical traditions in Europe, North America and Asia. The site offers an index of topics relating to the theatre history of different cultures. There are resources on Irish theatre, British theatre, Russian theatre, Spanish theatre and many more. There is a good cross-section of information about contemporary theatre, as well as pages devoted to ancient Greek and Roman and medieval theatre. There is also general information about the origins and development of the theatre. Under each topic, users can access information on playwrights and dramatic practice. Topics include biographies of key figures in the history of drama, synopses of plays and contextual studies about relationships between drama and society. Links are well-annotated so that information is easy to locate. The site also offers an online script archive. This is not fully comprehensive but there is a variety of full-length plays, one-act plays, short plays and monologues. The archive would be helpful for drama teachers looking for performance pieces. The site has an excellent range of resources and would be of use to those studying almost any dramatic tradition.
This is the website of Thiasos, a London-based theatre company which aims to revive the performance of ancient Greek tragedy and comedy by using music, dance and spectacle, and in particular by emphasising the role of a singing and dancing Chorus. The company also aims to draw lessons from other world theatrical cultures and to apply these to its performance of Greek drama (for example by recasting Euripides' Hippolytus as an Indonesian-style dance drama). Their productions attempt to recreate ancient music and choreography using what scant evidence remains, and their website offers insights into this approach. This site will therefore be of particular use to those interested in the performance reception of classical drama. Details are given here of the plays which have been produced by Thiasos: Aeschyluls' Persians; Euripides' Hippolytus, Medea, and Bacchae; and Aristophanes' Wealth and Peace. The approach undertaken for each play is described, and the explanatory text is accompanied by production photographs as well as samples of music which can be downloaded by the user. The site also features the text of interviews with members of the company on particular aspects of performance: music, masks and the Chorus.