This online resource provides details of a wide range of software which is available in the Internet for those studying or teaching classical subjects. Included are the following: instructional software for Latin, Greek, classical civilisation and etymology; productivity tools such as fonts and utilities; bibliographies; dictionaries; e-textbooks; and images. Where resources are available for free online, links are provided to the relevant websites; in the case of those which require payment of a fee, contact details for publishers are given. There is also on this website an archive of Rob Latousek’s 'Random Access' column in The Classical Outlook journal (1989-2008), updating teachers about computer-based tools with educational applications. Users may browse the topic and coverage of each column, then hyperlinks lead to the full-text of each article. There is a also resource guide to additional websites for the classics, which supplements the Directory.
The Etymological Dictionary of Classical Mythology is a website concerned with word origins, in particular with the etymology of English words which have their roots in ancient Greek and Roman mythology. Its main feature is a searchable etymological dictionary which lists proper names and other words originating in classical myth, along with brief definitions. The site also has sections devoted to ancient Greek and Latin words as used in astronomy, the calendar, personal names and conversational phrases, and a page on classical myth as found in popular culture (cinema, literature, brand names and song lyrics). A bibliography of secondary material is also provided. Whilst the site is an easily accessible quick reference tool for looking up unfamiliar terms, it is limited in its application as the definitions do not give references to the original ancient sources where the words and names can be found.
This site is a lively and extensive online community for devotees of ancient Roman history. Its main feature is a series of chatrooms on a vast array of specific topics relating to Rome, including: classical archaeology; Roman festivals; the Latin language; and Rome in television, movies and the arts. Also featured are trivia quizzes and role play groups (featuring life in various historical periods, for example under the Roman Republic in the first century BC). The site also provides an interactive map (QuickTime required) which locates the Roman provinces (including, for example, Africa, Gaul and Germania) and key sites in the city of Rome itself (such as the Campus Martius, the Forum Romanum and the Capitoline). Users may click on the locations or their names for further detailed information on each region, accompanied by images and maps; this is a useful tool for aiding students with visualising the geography of the ancient Roman empire. If your browser allows them pop-up windows appear including information such as which registered users of the site are online now. Pseudonyms identify the contributors and editors of this resource.
This Web page provides an online text of a paper entitled The Art of Reading Latin : How to Teach It, which was originally delivered by William Gardner Hale, Professor of Latin at Cornell University, in 1886, and which was published in the following year. This document is of interest for the insight which it lends into the history of classical pedagogy as well as for the advice which it imparts. The paper discusses in detail the process of teaching vocabulary, the system of inflection, and Latin syntax to an English-speaking student, with example exercises and test questions on grammar to accompany the text.
This website is the home page for the Association of Latin Teaching (ARLT), an organisation which exists to promote the teaching of Classics and to give practical help to Classics teachers in secondary schools. Although the organisation's name suggests that it is concerned exclusively with the teaching of Latin, it promotes the study of all classical subjects in schools, including Greek and Classical Civilisation. The website features details of the Association's activities, which include residential training and refresher courses for teachers of Classics. The site also provides syllabus information and some useful worksheets which could be used for examination preparation. There is also a bulletin board for the discussion of teaching-related topics, a blog, and a list of links to sites of interest to classics teachers and classicists in general. These include some helpful teaching resources available on the Internet, information about forthcoming productions of Greek drama, and links to Classics departments at major universities. Many classics teachers would find this a useful site to bookmark. Some resources are only accessible to those who are teachers and who have registered with the site (this is free).
This website provides an online version of MGM van der Poel's Short Bibliography of Latin Language and Literature (fourth edition, published in 1996). Details are given of texts, commentaries and translations as well as of scholarly monographs. The bibliography is divided into two key sections. The first of these is organised thematically, and covers broad topics relating to the study of Latin language and literature. These include: aspects of Latin grammar and linguistics; prose; poetry; drama; satire; rhetoric, education and literary criticism; Roman law; palaeography; philology; and the classical tradition. The second section is organised by ancient author/text. Featured authors include: Vergil; Cicero; Juvenal; Tacitus; Seneca; and Ovid. There are also sections devoted to many of the less well-known Latin authors. This will be a useful starting-point for anyone seeking reading material on a wide range of topics relating to the study of works written originally in Latin.
For anyone who has struggled with the considerable variation in Latin nomenclature, the website of the Bibliographic Standards Committee (BSC) : Latin Place Names will help with the process of identifying towns, cities and other locations. Developed and maintained by Robert Maxwell (Brigham Young University and Chair BSC), the site contains an online alphabetical database of locations in their Latin forms which are then cross-indexed with modern vernacular forms. The forms are those found in books printed before 1801. Variations in spelling are handled through a series of links which always return the user to the one of the more common linguistic forms. The site also provides a few links to other related resources on place names.
This regularly-updated online bibliography brings together details of publications relating to the study of Renaissance Latin texts. The extensive bibliography is organised thematically and covers the following broad topics: lexicographical aids (including dictionaries and word lists); characteristics of humanistic Latin (with sub-sections on: language and style; prose; poetry and metre; and individual texts and authors); and editing Renaissance Latin texts. Each section gives information on both general reference works and more detailed studies on the topic. Included in the list are references to journal articles as well as scholarly monographs. Links are also provided to those items which are available online.
This is the website of the Cambridge School Classics Project (CSCP), which aims to promote the teaching of classics and ancient history to students of all ages. This excellent resource offers teaching aids, practical advice, and news and Web links to students and teachers with a dual emphasis on Latin and Roman history, myths and storytelling. The website features a very useful and extensive series of free online resources for Latin learners and their teachers, many in the form of web links, as well as providing a guide to the Cambridge Online Latin Project and its paper version, the Cambridge Latin Course. A subscription is required for the online Latin course. Resources also include an online vocabulary tester and dictionary. Information is also provided on the Iliad Project, which aims to develop child literacy skills via the medium of storytelling, and on other initiatives to support the teaching of Greek and Roman culture in primary schools. The CSCP website will be a fundamental resource for anyone interested in classical civilisation at all levels of education.
The Center for Epigraphical and Palaeological Studies site includes information about forthcoming events and courses (some of which are open to the general public) and offers several short-term post-doctoral fellowships in Greek and Latin epigraphy. The site (which is part of the Department of Greek and Latin at the Ohio State University) contains links to other related web-sites as well as images of inscriptions and manuscripts (ranging from Attic inscriptions to mediaeval Latin manuscripts). Unfortunately, as the site is still under construction most of these images are as yet unavailable, and so when one clicks on the images for Greek or Roman 'squeezes' (a plaster cast representation of an inscription) one is simply presented with a list of reference numbers. The dated Attic inscriptions do have pictures, but the images come without even the most basic commentary of what this inscription is, a reproduction of the text or translation, or the context in which it was found (all of which are essential). Reference numbers are provided so that one can look these inscriptions up in the relevant books which have all this pertinent information (but this defies the point of putting it on the web-site in the first place).
The checklist presented in this website is prepared by academic papyrologists from a variety of universities; its primary aim is to provide for papyrologists and librarians a complete bibliography of monographs, current and past, on documentary papyri written in Greek, Latin, Coptic and Demotic, and preserved on papyrus, ostraca, or wooden tablets. The site is published under the auspices of Duke University and achieves its aims admirably, providing a very full resource organised into a variety of sub-headings which are conveniently hot-linked at the side of every page. The site, which is frequently updated, is based on the fifth printed edition of the checklist (March 2001). Users should note that the site confines itself to documentary papyri, and no literary material is cited. Moreover, there are neither any actual papyri or texts available for viewing, nor any links to sites providing them. That said, the site should prove a useful bibliographic resource for scholars and graduate students working in this field.
Provided by Princeton University, the website of the Classical Language Instruction Project (CLIP) makes available online recordings of extracts from classical Greek and Latin texts read by various scholars; the resource is designed to familiarise students with the sound of the ancient languages as they would have been spoken. A variety of styles of writing is presented, and both prose and poetry are featured. Extracts from works by the following authors can be found here: Homer; Plato; Pindar; Virgil; Tacitus; Horace; Ovid; Seneca; and Propertius. The sound recording of each extract is accompanied by the text in the original language; in most cases the user may also view an English translation if required. The site is clear and easy to navigate, and will be a valuable tool for those who are learning the ancient languages.
Hosted by the University of Liverpool's School of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology, Classics 08 is a website aimed at non-classicists as well as at those already involved in studying the ancient world. Its primary focus is on events hosted by a variety of classical clubs which encourage and support the study of the ancient Latin and Greek languages and classical society. In particular, these clubs aim to provide help for schools wishing to introduce classical subjects into their curricula. Of special interest to those involved in the teaching or study of ancient Greek, whether at school or university, will be a series of downloadable documents (in PDF format) which introduce clearly and concisely the basic aspects of the language. These provide a structured approach to the teaching of Greek to GCSE level and include: information on key aspects of grammar; translation exercises; and important vocabulary. The website also provides details of events hosted by the project, including: study days; summer schools; theatre workshops; guided tours of museums and classical sites; and social events. There is also a page of links to other websites of interest to classicists.
The Classics Technology Center is a website which provides a wealth of free electronic resources for the teaching and learning of Classics-based subjects. These range from school to university level and cover Greek and Latin languages, ancient history, archaeology and literature, as well as more general material and teaching tools to help with the use of web-based Classics resources. Also featured are pedagogical guidelines for teachers of Latin and Greek, and advice from classicists relating to the teaching of a range of topics based on personal teaching experience (themes covered include: classical literature; the Olympics; Alexander the Great; Latin mottoes; Roman gladiators; Plato; Troy; the Greek gods; Latin and Greek languages). There is also a 'showcase' of academic papers on teaching Classics, an extensive glossary of Greek and Latin terms, and a variety of word games and trivia quizzes, including a classical crossword. There is so much material here that the site can be difficult to navigate but teachers of classical topics will find that it is certainly worth spending time exploring what is available.
Classics Unveiled is a series of web pages on a range of classical themes aimed primarily at school-level students and enthusiasts of the classical world. It is divided into four main sub-sections entitled: MythNET; Rome Unleashed; Rome Exposed; and Latin Wordstock. MythNET looks at ancient Greek and Roman mythology and features sections on gods and heroes, with brief details of key figures and stories from mythology. The section entitled Rome Unleashed focuses on the history of Rome and is arranged chronologically, with subdivisions on: From City to Empire (755-27BC); Imperial Regime (27-BC-102AD); Imperial Peace (102-192AD); Troubled Century (192-280AD); and Restoration and Fall (280-476AD). Each part contains short summaries of key events in Roman history. There are also timelines for each era and a list of Roman rulers. In the Rome Exposed section the focus is social history, with information on: Roman homes; the family; slavery; dress; cuisine; games, exercises and baths; entertainment; religion; and death. Finally, Latin Wordstock is a limited list of Latin vocabulary along with pages on English words derived from Latin roots. This site, whilst it tries to offer a wide range of information, succeeds in providing only an introductory overview of the topics covered. It would therefore be of most use to those new to the study of the classical world.
This is the website of Le Comité International de Paléographie Latine [CIPL], a scholarly committee based in Paris, whose aim is to foster international collaboration in the field of manuscript studies (including paleography, codicology, transmission of texts, manuscript libraries and collections). The committee has representatives from over 17 countries, and has also founded the Association Palé́ographique Internationale: Culture, Écriture, Société [APICES] to further its aim.The site provides a list of the committee's members, and links to its main activities. These include links to the committee's international colloquia, abstracts of papers, research projects and publications. Users will find lists of catalogues and archives, gateways (including to a glossary of codicology terms), and links to the committee's conference papers.
Compitum is a French-language website which is aimed primarily at researchers and is devoted to news about events and publications relating to the study of Roman antiquity, Latin language and literature. Information is given here about relevant conferences and lectures (some in France itself, others taking place elsewhere in the world). There is also an extensive (and annotated) section listing useful online resources (including bibliographies and publications as well as websites on particular themes relating to the ancient Roman world). Recent publications on ancient Roman themes are also listed here, with brief details of contents. Users may register in order to receive Compitum's newsletter via email.
This online concordance to the fourth book of Virgil's Aeneid (first century BC) allows the user to look up and compare occurrences of particular Latin words. An alphabetical list of every word in the book has been compiled, and each entry is accompanied by a list of references to the points in the poem where the vocabulary occurs. The user may then click on the required reference and is taken to the relevant line of the poem in a full Latin text of Book IV. As no translation of either individual words or complete text is given this electronic tool will be of most use to accomplished Latinists who are interested in researching the use of words in specific contexts.
CPL Online is an e-journal produced by the Classical Association of the Middle West and South (Committee for the Promotion of Latin) and is written by, and aimed primarily at, those who are involved in teaching the Latin language at all levels. The journal is published twice a year and provides insights into and advice on teaching and pedagogical theory relevant to ancient language studies. Via the website users may access back issues of the journal dating from 2004. Articles cover Latin teaching at both school and university level and topics featured include: prose composition; Latin hexameter; grammar; epigraphy; and translation. Although the primary emphasis is on Latin there are also some articles on teaching ancient Greek. Articles may all be downloaded in PDF format. The website also provides details of the journal's editorial board.
The Practical Handbook of Medieval Latin is an online translation of chapters from a book originally published in French by Dag Norberg. The translation is the work of Professor Rand Johnson, of the Department of Foreign Languages at Western Michigan, and is intended for non-commercial use only. The chapters discuss the history of the Latin language from the end of the Roman empire, through Africa and Spain in the 6th to 8th centuries, to Europe in the later Middle Ages. The chapters give a fairly good background to medieval Latin for students undertaking study of the subject, but the work is hampered somewhat by the lack of a search engine, or glossary.
This is the online text of an educational psychology paper which looks at the ways in which studying Latin can help to improve English skills, facilitate the learning of foreign languages and aid the development of critical thinking skills. The paper covers the following topics: Latin in the curriculum in the US; recent research which relates to the benefits gained by students of Latin; the relationship between learning Latin and the development of higher order thinking skills and improved grades; and other additional benefits of studying the ancient language. The article is well-referenced with a detailed bibliography and will be of interest to anyone seeking support for the view that Latin is a valuable component of the school or university curriculum.
Ephemeris is a website which offers translations into Latin of an extensive range of contemporary news stories, updated on a weekly basis. (The less comprehensive Akropolis World News does something similar in ancient Greek, and there is also another Latin news site, Nuntii Latini.) Topics which are covered by Ephemeris include European and world current affairs, sport, culture, and science. Also featured are: articles on European history; weather reports; film reviews; biographies of famous people from the past; recipes; poetry; Latin crosswords; and cartoons. This is an excellent site for Latin reading practice which, with its focus on familiar stories from daily life, will appeal both to Latin learners and their teachers.
Epidoc Aphrodisias Project (EPAPP) is the website which reports on a pilot collaborative scheme to develop and apply tools for publishing ancient Greek and Latin inscriptions on the Internet based on the principles of the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI). The Aphrodisias pilot scheme is concentrating on the digital publication of some 1000 inscriptions from the archaeologically rich site of Aphrodisias in Caria (south-western Turkey). The website includes a brief project description and four sample inscriptions and full critical apparatus based on the text of Charlotte Roueché's book Aphrodisias in Late Antiquity (1989). Background information and an extensive bibliography on the city and a history of past excavations are also provided within an efficient hypertext medium. In addition this website provides a searchable guide and links to the 93 projects currently using the TEI.
The project, funded by the Leverhulme Trust, is led by King's College London and includes the participation of: the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; the Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents, Oxford University; and the Institute of Classical Studies, University of London. While the substantive content of this website will chiefly be of value to specialist researchers in classical archaeology and epigraphy, this project has important implications for electronic publication in general and thus will interest a much wider audience in the humanities.
From University College London's Department of History, the website of the Festus Lexicon Project provides comprehensive information on the Lexicon of Festus, or 'De verborum significatu', an encyclopaedic Latin dictionary compiled in the Roman Imperial era. Despite the fragmentary state of the dictionary, it is a rich source of information and citations, from and about the period. It is of use to those interested in Roman history, Latin grammar, legal and antiquarian learning, culture, politics, religion and social aspects of the period. The project will prepare a database of texts, a complete translation, extensive commentary, and bibliography. At the time of cataloguing there were no sample database entries available. There is information about the four main writers conected with the Festus Lexicon: Marcus Terentius Varro; Verrius; Festus; and Paul the Deacon. Also included is a bibliography of secondary works. Working from an eleventh century text, the project team aims to reconstruct the lexicon from medieval tomes, glossaries, and manuscripts. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
Forum Romanum is a website which provides several useful resources for classics. The core element of the resource is the Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum (CSL) which is a digital library of Latin literature. Authors are listed alphabetically and the user can access Latin texts, translations (in English and occasionally in other European languages) and in some cases secondary material available online. Included are texts from the earliest epigraphic documents to 18th century neo-Latinists. As well as the CSL, Forum Romanum also makes available online some reproduced out of copyright texts: H.W. Johnston's Private Life of the Romans (1903, revised by Mary Johnston in 1932); William C. Morey's Outlines of Roman History (1901); and John Stewart Milne's Surgical Instruments in Greek and Roman Times (1907). The individual chapters of each work can be viewed in a clear user-friendly format.
From the Department of Classics at Skidmore College, the excellent Hexametrica website is designed as an introduction to the dactylic hexameter, the most common Latin poetic metre. Aimed specifically at intermediate Latin students reading Virgil, the site also proclaims that it will be of use to those interested in Horace, Catullus, or even Homer. The resource, which is clearly set out and easy to understand, has three key sections, on rhythms, scansion and recitation. 'Rhythms' explains the concept and structure of the hexameter, with reference to the units comprising it, and explanation of dactyls and spondees. 'Scansion' demonstrates the means by which we divide a line into its component uses, and looks at vowel quantities, syllables, elision and caesurae. Finally, 'Recitation' shows how these principles work in practice when the poem is read aloud. Each section is accompanied by diagrams illustrating the breakdown of the Latin text. There is also a glossary of key terms.
Designed for both students and teachers of Classics, this is the website for the Joint Association of Classical Teachers (JACT), an organisation which promotes the teaching and learning of classics in schools and universities. JACT provides an information service for classicists, offering details of forthcoming events, productions of Greek plays and JACT summer schools for intensive study in Greek and Latin. The website also features: details of how to join or contact JACT; a range of teaching resources for Latin, Greek, Classical Civilisation and Ancient History in schools; information for teachers (including examination syllabi, announcements of job vacancies, school trips related to Classics, and specialist book stores); details of JACT's journals, 'Omnibus' and 'Journal of Classics Teaching' (with sample articles available online); information on projects supported by JACT; links to other Classics-related websites. Also featured is 'The Good Text Guide', a searchable guide to recommended editions of ancient texts.
This online classics resource was created by John Paul Adams, a professor in the department of Modern and Classical Languages and Literature at the California State University. His website is of benefit to all students of Classics, as it contains numerous links to detailed resources, as well as presenting many useful passages of text in translation. Impressive in its scope, the site is divided into themed sections, each of which contains study notes, teaching handouts, links to relevant websites and English translations of relevant ancient texts. Sections cover the following broad topics: Greek and Roman history; Greek and Roman art and archaeology; Greek and Roman literature; Greek mythology; ancient texts; a Roman army bibliography; resources on ancient Sparta. Other parts of the site link information on the Latin courses taught by John Adams; these in turn offer handouts and links with information on Latin language, vocabulary and grammar. There is much here which will be of interest and value both to the teacher and student of classical subjects.
The website of the Laboratorio Informatico per le Lingue Antiche (LILA) provides information about their software 'SNS - Greek and Latin'. The software is for Macintosh computers, and enables the user to search two important data banks of classical writing: the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae; and parts of the Packard Humanities Institute's bank. The Thesaurus Linguae Graecae contains ancient Greek texts ranging from Homer to authors in the fifteenth century A.D. The Packard data banks available to users are PHI #5.3, containing classic Latin texts, and PHI #7, containing Greek documentary papyri and inscriptions. The software provides the user with a fairly sophisticated search engine, catering for Boolean logic operators, special characters, and restrictions by various bibliographic factors. Results may be exported in different text formats.A single-user licence costs around 150 Euros. A free demonstration version of the software may be ordered from the site, although this allows access to a limited selection of the texts. The site also allows users to subscribe to the SNS mailing list.
The online Latin Dictionary and Grammar Aid from the University of Notre Dame allows the user to search for a word by entering the stem and ending of the desired word in order to find its meaning. The vocabulary of this online dictionary is over 15,000 words. One can search for a translation from English into Latin as well as from Latin into English. There is also an alphabetical Latin 'wordlist' or dictionary, as well as a grammar aid which illustrates uses of the different cases (ablative, accusative, dative and genitive) and parses verb and noun endings. The site also provides links to other online sources of help with translating and understanding the Latin language.
This is the website of the Latin Programme (formerly CAGSE Foundation until September 2010), a registered charity whose mission is to bring Latin into primary schools as a way of improving literacy. The foundation's pilot scheme (entitled Latin and Literacy) was launched in five London boroughs in 2007/2008, and this website provides details of the foundation's methods and objectives, as well as highlighting the benefits of learning Latin. The following information is available here: details of events for schoolteachers and children (including storytelling events and a project to encourage children to explore the relationship between London's present and its ancient Roman past); biographies of CAGSE's teachers (with links to blogs written by the teachers and some of their pupils); and a list of participating schools. There are also links to some Latin resources for pupils, including fun Latin facts and recordings of songs to help children to remember key grammatical points. This resource demonstrates the way in which study of the ancient world can successfully be brought to children of any age, and in doing so it helps to refute the assertion that classical subjects are no longer relevant in today's world.
These Web pages offer a wide range of downloadable tools and exercises for help with teaching and learning Latin at beginners' and intermediate levels. Featured are a series of explanatory lesson notes on aspects of grammar and vocabulary, including, for example, declension of nouns, verb conjugation, and sentence construction. Also included are grammar and vocabulary help and exercises for practising reading and composition. The site contains several 'elementary readers' which provide basic textbook Latin for reading practice, as well as more advanced 'acceleration readers' - extracts from texts by Caesar, Cicero, Livy, Pliny, Quintilian and Sallust arranged in such a way as to facilitate the understanding of Latin sentence construction. There is also a page of links to articles on methods of Latin teaching and the history of Latin pedagogy.
This is a list of Latin words containing some eight thousand entries created and maintained by Lynn Nelson at the University of Kansas. It is a straightforward list of words arranged alphabetically, containing duplicates due to the many variant translations suggested. The list can be particularly useful for downloading into a word processor's Latin thesaurus. The resource is part of the Internet Archive, a digital library of Internet resources and digital images.
Latinitas is a website whose main aim is to promote the ongoing study and use of Latin as a living language among academics, students and amateurs across traditional language borders. Anyone is free to use and contribute to the discussion groups as long as it is in Latin. There is also a library of Latin texts by various humanist writers (such as Boccaccio, Cervantes, Erasmus) and the Tudor poet George Buchanan as well as more recent translations such as a latin version of Robinson Crusoe and of passages from Dante and Homer. Also featured is a very extensive series of annotated weblinks on many aspects of Latin learning from all over the world which will particularly benefit those who find the uncompromising use of Latin of the main resource too much for their linguistic skills but which will also serve to highlight possible learning resources.
The Latinteach website is aimed primarily at teachers of Latin in secondary schools, but it is also of interest to those studying Latin. The site offers a wide range of resources for Latin teachers and information on all aspects of teaching the Latin language, including reviews of teaching materials, lesson plans and advice on classroom management. The 'resources' section is an extensive and well-organised annotated gateway arranged by topic; it provides information about, and links to, a vast range of online resources of interest to those teaching Latin (or classics more generally). Sample topics include; methodologies for teaching Latin; promoting Latin, Greek and the classics; Latin quizzes and games; and discussion lists for Latin teachers and learners. The site also hosts a blog and an email discussion forum.
Latinum is an online Latin language learning aid which uses the unusual method of presenting Latin language podcasts for download by users. The website takes as its core Latin from George J Adler's textbook, A Practical Grammar of the Latin Language; the podcasts primarily feature recordings from this work. A link is provided to allow the user to download the textbook in PDF format. An introductory podcast advises the user on how the site may help with the understanding of the language. There are lessons for beginners in Latin as well as recordings from a wide variety of classical texts (including Juvenal, Ovid, Virgil and Cicero) for the more advanced learner. The original written text of these extracts is also given on the site. Also featured here are the following: verb and noun drills; songs, readings and Latin humour; and vocabulary building exercises. This is a novel and interesting approach to Latin which could easily be used to bring the subject to life for twenty-first century students.
This website consists of 24 short lessons aimed at beginners wishing to familiarise themselves with the Latin language. The course takes a lighthearted approach to the topic but nonetheless deals with the key features of ancient Latin, including: conjugating verbs; declensions of nouns; pronouns; adjectives and adverbs; numbers; word order; and pronunciation. The author, James B. Calvert of the University of Denver, uses authentic examples from ancient authors to illustrate the grammatical points made in each lesson, as well as incorporating memorable anecdotes about the ancient world throughout the site. Whilst this is less detailed than the well-known published Latin courses, those who are new to the language may find it a helpful starting-point.
Minimus is a hugely popular Latin course (based around the adventures of a small mouse!) which was written by Barbara Bell and designed for primary school children, and this is its website. The emphasis of the site is on fun, and although much of what features here is clearly aimed at young children, there are nonetheless several features which may provide a degree of educational entertainment for Latin beginners of all ages. Items of interest for the older user include: Latin sentence builders; texts of simple songs in Latin (for example, Christmas carols and nursery rhymes); games and activities designed to build up simple vocabulary; and Latin comic strips with English translations. There is also a variety of teaching support materials here for those teaching the Minimus course at primary level. The Minimus course and the site as a whole also provide an excellent example of the way in which the study of Classics can be made relevant and appealing in the modern world.
Montclair Electronic Text Archive, from Montclair State University, is an online repository for a limited selection of ancient Latin and Greek texts. Featured authors at the time of writing this review included: Boethius; Caesar; Catullus; Demosthenes; Horace; Persius; Propertius; Prudentius; Tibullus; and Vergil. Texts are available in XML, HTML, and PDF format, but may be of limited use as they are not accompanied by English translation. Viewing many of the texts requires the DJVu software which is available for free download from the home page. There is also a search facility which enables the user to search for specific words in the Latin texts. Also included on the site is a range of secondary texts relating to classical antiquity. These include works on Greek and Roman philosophy, grammar and literature. The site also gives details of the broader projects and activities of the Technology Awareness Group (TAG) which promotes discussion of the use of leading edge technologies in an academic context.
This is the website of the National Committee for Latin and Greek (NCLG), a North American organisation which promotes the study of Classics and raises public awareness of classical subjects. The site is also a useful source of support and information for those who teach classical subjects in schools and universities. Much of the material found here is aimed at justifying the study of Classics in the twenty-first century: various articles on the value of teaching Latin, Greek and the classical world are featured, along with links to articles in the media which may help to promote classical subjects by highlighting their relevance in the modern world. The site also gives details of useful teaching materials, books on the history of teaching Classics and information on curricula. Inevitably some of these are more relevant to colleagues in the US, although classicists elsewhere will find much that is of interest too. Other features include: details of North America's annual national Latin Teacher Recruitment Week; extracts from the NCLG's newsletter, Pro Bono; and pages of links to external classical sites.
Nuntii Latini - News in Latin - is a website originating in Finland which is designed to keep alive the classical Latin language by providing articles on current affairs and world news in Latin (the less comprehensive ancient Greek equivalent of this site is Akropolis World News; there is also another Latin news site, Ephemeris). The website accompanies a weekly Latin news broadcast on Finnish radio (YLE Radio 1), and users may also listen to this radio broadcast online. The site itself is updated weekly and also hosts a discussion forum to which all contributions are made in Latin. This resource is an ideal tool for higher-level Latin reading practice as well as acting to promote the study and teaching of classical Latin.
The Perseus Digital Library makes available online via this page a searchable edition of the commonly known 'Lewis and Short Latin Dictionary'. The search box permits the searching of headwords (including part words) in the dictionary. The results page provides a list of matching headwords, a link to the corresponding entry in the dictionary, and an indication of the word frequency in the texts within the Perseus Digital Library. These texts may then also be accessed here by the user. The dictionary entry also provides a list of words with similar definitions (in both Latin and Greek).
Provided by the Perseus digital library, this online resource presents a selection of extracts from popular Latin texts which feature on the Perseus website. Users may access either the Latin original or English translation of the texts. Featured authors are: Caesar; Catullus; Cicero; Horace; Ovid; Virgil; and the Vulgate Bible. Sections of texts are hyperlinked to other pages of the Perseus website, providing access to linguistic help and secondary reading (including modern commentaries on the texts). The resource provides easy and quick access to manageable chunks of well-known texts and would therefore be of particular interest to anyone involved in language teaching and setting translation exercises for students.
This Web page provides access to a range of useful tools for searching and browsing the Perseus digital library, and is a good starting point for anyone who is unfamiliar with the Perseus online resource. There is a wide range of Latin and ancient Greek linguistic tools, including: word searches from English into Greek or Latin (using LSJ and Lewis and Short as their basis); morphological analyses for Greek and Latin words; tools which generate vocabulary lists for Greek and Latin texts; and a search which allows the user to find Greek or Latin words in context in the original texts. Other resources on classical topics include the following: the Perseus art and archaeology browser (catalogued elsewhere on Intute); a summary of information about all collections in the digital library, grouped by subject; an index for searching all English texts (primary and secondary) found on Perseus; the Perseus table of contents; an interactive atlas; and a variety of search tools. Links are also provided here to important documents giving further information about the Perseus resource, including: FAQs; information on displaying Greek fonts; help pages for the various tools listed above; and details of the website's policies.
Phaselus is a website which aims to preserve the Latin language as well as making it fun to read for a modern audience; it does this by providing Latin translations of popular modern novels. The following works are translated: Kenneth Grahame's The Wind in the Willows; Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol; Anthony Hope's The Prisoner of Zenda; and George Orwell's Animal Farm. Each text is easy to navigate (there is an editorial index which allows the user to jump straight to a particular chapter), and is accompanied by notes on the translation and vocabulary used (as often there may be no Latin equivalent for modern terminology or specific words used in the English texts). The site will be of interest to those involved in teaching Latin prose composition, and could perhaps also be used as a source for translation exercises.
The Philological museum is a library of online humanistic texts published by the Shakespeare Institute at the University of Birmingham. Its sizeable collection of letters, plays, poems and essays are principally written by British humanists in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Authors include Sir Francis Bacon, George Buchanan, William Camden, Sir Francis Kynaston and John Milton, among others. The hypertext editions used are prepared specifically for the online library by Professor Dana Sutton of the University of California. In addition to this excellent collection, the site contains a bibliography of neo-Latin texts publically available on the web with hyperlinks. There is a search engine for the entire site.
This is the website of the Philoponia Project, a research group which is based at the Faculty of Classics, University of Cambridge and which was formed with the aim of investigating the use of 'unseen' translations in the teaching of ancient Greek and Latin. In 2003 the project produced a report, entitled 'Rethinking Unseen Translation', which detailed the results of a survey of language instructors; this report may be viewed via the site. The website also offers a facility by which language teachers may share passages set for unseen translation; users may upload their own contributions or download those submitted by others. Each extract from an ancient text is assigned a level of difficulty and accompanied by brief notes detailing the thematic content of and syntactical topics covered by the passage. The original language text is also accompanied by background information. The site also offers an interactive document, in the form of a Microsoft Word template, which can be used by instructors as the basis of their own unseen translation exercises. This online resource will be of interest to those involved in the teaching of ancient Greek and Latin at all levels.
Project Libellus is an online service which aims to provide an archive of classical texts at no cost to the user. Latin authors whose works were online here (in the original language) at the time of writing this review are: Apuleius; Ausonius; Caesar; Catullus; Cicero; Horace; Livy; Nepos; Ovid; Propertius; Sallust; Tibullus; and Virgil. Also included are Holmes' commentaries (in English) on Caesar's Bellum Gallicum (Gallic War) and Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar. The site's introduction offers the caveat that its main aim to provide free texts; those included are either donated by the editors or are texts whose copyright has expired and this means that they may not always be of the highest quality. For those seeking higher-quality texts, however, the site also offers a list of links to other institutions providing a similar service.
Quasillum is an excellent resource for those involved in the study of ancient languages; it is a website which hosts online Latin and Greek study groups. These are in the form of mailing lists, to which users subscribe (at no cost); each consists of several smaller study groups, led by a co-ordinator who sets a study agenda, collects and collates assignments and then leads an online discussion about the assignments. The Latin and Greek lists each provide something for a range of abilities, from the beginner to the more experienced linguist. Anyone may join or leave a study group at any time. This is a good way for those studying the ancient languages independently to feel part of a wider learning community.
The LatinStudy list looks at classical, medieval and Neo-Latin authors. It uses Wheelock's Latin Reader as a textbook but also has at any one time several groups devoted to reading various ancient texts (for example, Cicero, Livy or Tacitus) in the original language.
The GreekStudy list has fewer active sub-groups: these look at Biblical (New Testament Greek) as well as Homeric and classical (Attic) Greek. Information is also provided about using Greek fonts (in Unicode and Betacode).
As well as the study lists, the site also provides access to Unicorn, a simple text editor and dictionary program for use with Latin, Hebrew and ancient Greek. This is freeware which requires that users have Java software in order to download it.
Roman Law Resources is a website containing a great deal of material relating to Roman law, and which also acts as a gateway to other sites that may be of interest to researchers in this field. The site itself is fully searchable by keyword and offers information on the following topics: secondary literature; reviews of publications; teaching materials; primary sources; bibliographies; electronic reprints; errata in Roman Law books; corrections to Alan Watson's English translation of Justinian's Digest; and palingenesiae of Latin private rescripts and imperial Latin laws. Websites which are listed are each given a full description. Several of the resources available via this website are searchable databases providing a wealth of primary information. In addition to these materials, there are several information sections, detailing journals, web portals, prominent historians of ancient law, future events, etc. This is a clear and comprehensive website which provides an excellent starting page for research. It is navigable in German as well as in English.
This is the website of the BBC Radio 4 programme The Roman Way, first broadcast in 2003 and presented by journalist David Aaronovitch, which explores the daily lives of the vast and diverse population which made up the Roman empire. The resource allows users to listen to the series online and provides a commentary on each of the four episodes together with insights on the programme from the presenter and the producer. Other features include a fact file of basic information on the Roman empire, a selection of recipes from the cook book of 1st century AD gourmet Marc Apicius, a list of colloquial Latin phrases and a page of useful external links to relevant webpages. Technical advice is provided for those who need audio help to listen to the programme online. Although aimed largely at the general public, 'The Roman way' will also interest A level candidates and undergraduates studying classics, ancient history and archaeology.
The website of the School of History, Classics, and Archaeology at Birkbeck College, University of London, essentially provides information for those considering courses at Birkbeck, or who are already on one of the courses. However, the website also has a excellent set of resources aimed at its students which can be used by any interested party. The sections Undergraduate, Classics, and Medieval resources point the student towards useful websites and other resources in the field. There is also information on forthcoming conferences and projects within the School, as well as links to pertinent lecture and seminar lists at IHR and ICS. Each individual department has listings of its staff, their research interests, and contact details.
The Society for Ancient Languages is based at the University of Alabama, and holds reading classes for the study of ancient and medieval Latin texts as well as other events relating to the Latin language. The Society's website gives details of such events as well as providing a range of useful online resources concerning particular Latin authors. Included are detailed biographies of the first-century BC writers Julius Caesar, Cicero, Virgil and Sallust. The site also features a selection of online Latin texts from the first century BC: here selected works of Caesar, Cicero, Horace, Livy, Sallust, Tacitus and Virgil appear, as well as the work of the medieval Latin writer Augustine of Hippo (fourth to fifth century AD). There is also a selection of secondary source material on the Roman constitution, Roman oratory and Roman warfare.
This is the website of the Society for the Oral Reading of Greek and Latin Literature (SORGLL), which adheres to the principle that literature written in the classical Greek and Latin languages was intended primarily for oral performance and that therefore the sounds of these languages are crucial for our understanding. As well as giving general information relating to the Society and its officers, this website contains downloadable recordings of spoken Latin and Greek accompanied by extracts of texts in both the original language and English translation. Greek authors who feature are: Homer; Archilochus; Alcman; Sappho; Sophocles; Pindar; Aristophanes; and Demosthenes; these are accompanied by a written and spoken guide to Greek pronunciation. Extracts in Latin are taken from works of: Terence; Cicero; Virgil; Catullus; Horace; Seneca; and Martial. Users will need to download RealPlayer in order to listen to the recordings.
Studia Humaniora Tartuensia (SHT) is a peer-reviewed scholarly electronic journal which publishes research articles and notes in any area of the humanities, but some emphasis on classical studies, ancient history, neo-Latin studies, classical tradition, and the history of scholarship and philosophy. Published by the University of Tartu in Estonia, and online since 2000, SHT is a well-established and diverse journal which is sure to contain material of interest to scholars of classical studies and ancient history. Articles may be written in English, French, German and Latin. The journal provides a free mailing list to users wishing to keep informed of developments in the journal, and a news section for further information. Full article submission details are also provided.
Textkit is a free online learning resource for the study of Ancient Greek and Latin. Textkit's core site content is Greek and Latin public domain grammar books. These include classics such as North and Hillard's Greek Prose Composition, complete with keys to the exercises. These can be downloaded in PDF format. Featured language-related works include dictionaries, guides to prose composition and Greek and Latin language courses. Textkit also provides an extensive collection of classical ebooks by ancient Greek and Latin authors such as Aristotle, Herodotus, Plutarch, Lucretius, Cicero, Tacitus and Sophocles. Some of the texts are available in the original language, others only in translation. It is possible to search by author or by title of work. In addition to these features, the site provides links to tutorials and other online resources (including supported e-study groups, which are free to use, but which require the user to register with the site) for the study of Greek and Latin.
Via Facilis is the weblog of Richard Gilder, an experienced teacher of Latin and ancient Greek in both the US and the UK at every level from elementary to advanced. This online resource aims to inspire those who teach classics and the ancient languages and gives voice to his thoughts on the relevance of teaching and studying Latin and Greek in the modern world. As well as viewing posts in chronological order, users may also browse according to themes. These include: Latin in the modern world; grammar; reading and Latin; and teaching and Latin. Also provided here are sample chapters of Richard Gilder's book Via Facilis : Mastering Latin and Understanding Language. These chapters are available to download in PDF format.
This website is a Latin language version of the popular online encyclopaedia Wikipedia. As with the English site, users contribute articles to this evolving reference source on a range of topics; in this case, however, all entries are in Latin. Articles vary in length and detail, but many are illustrated and fully referenced. A wide variety of themes is covered here. Broad topics which feature are: art and literature; human sciences; natural sciences and mathematics; technology; society; and the Latin language. Each of these is divided into sub-sections which makes the site easy to navigate. Many of the more detailed articles are on classical themes (dealing with, for example, Greek and Roman authors or other key historical figures). There is also a search facility. Whilst caution must be exercised as the quality of submissions may vary, Vicipaedia Latina is nonetheless a lighthearted way for users to exercise their linguistic skills.
VRoma is an online collection of resources for the teaching and learning of Latin and ancient Roman culture at secondary school and undergraduate level. It acts as a repository for online teaching material (holding an extensive collection of texts, commentaries, maps, images, teaching resources and more). Its central feature is a virtual classroom based on the city of Rome of c. AD150, where students and staff can log on and travel around the city and hold discussions with others visiting VRoma. Groups based in different institutions can arrange to visit VRoma at the same time and hold collaborative classes. Travel instructions and conversations can be in English or Latin. Using this element of VRoma introduces students to the monuments of ancient Rome, encourages them to use Latin, and to interact with peers. Background information to the VRoma project, help, and guidance on using the virtual city are all available on the website.
This is the website of the Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, an international journal of Greek and Roman antiquity focusing on research into epigraphic and papyrological material. This resource provides a guide to the contents of the journal from 1967 to the present together with the digitised texts of articles from 2001-2004 which are available free of charge for private study (free volumes made available might vary from year to year). The indexes of most volumes can be browsed in PDF format. The reproduced articles are in German, English, French and Italian.Information on the print version of the journal is also provided, such as editorial advice for authors and subscription details.This website provides useful a bibliographic guide to publications in an important classics and ancient history journal for university students and researchers, particularly for those competent in European languages.