This online resource about Ancient Egypt covers the history of the region from the earliest settlements to the end of the Roman period. The site acts as a general historical overview, with a page describing the major events of each traditional period. Egyptian culture also receives some attention, with a page on hieroglyphics and another on the concept of the underworld. There is an image gallery of the pyramids and some Egyptian art; a timeline of key events (hyperlinked to other pages); an introduction to the 'Book of the Dead'; a short glossary of terms; and a categorised list of links, which was unfortunately in dire need of repair when checked. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates.
Apuntes de Egiptología is a free and full-text online journal published by the Centro de Estudios del Antiguo Egipto and edited by the late Prof. Jorge Roberto Ogdon. The yearly journal publishes short referenced papers in several languages (primarily Spanish, English and French) and on any subject related to ancient Egypt, including archaeological and text-based studies. Some papers have illustrations; most are available as Web pages, with a few available in PDF format. Although the contents are reliable, the presentation of the contents does not look professional: the journal is the effort of a group of scholars to circulate their work and keep alive Egyptology in Argentina. This should not be considered a problem and it is hoped that after the death of the editor the journal will continue to be published. The journal also publishes timely reviews. Researchers in particular may find this journal useful.
This is the official website of the Italian association of orientalists, scholars who study the ancient Near East. The website publishes information on the association and how to submit a CV or personal information to be published in "OrientaLista", a list of (mostly Italian) orientalists. The "Orientalia" publishes short reports; reviews; bibliographies; pre-prints; and papers; most files are in PDF format, and written in Italian or English. Among such contents are: "Wisdom Literature and Proverbs 1-9: A Bibliography"; "The Ugaritic Poems of Keret and Aqhat: A Bibliography"; "The So-Called ‘Jehoash Inscription’: Transcription and Bibliography"; "Magic and Divination in the Neo-Assyrian Period: A Selected Bibliography"; "Archaeometry of a Stone Tablet with Hebrew Inscription Referring to Repair of the House"; "Review of Gérard Toffin, Entre hindouisme et bouddhisme: la religion néwar, Népal"; "The Construction of Biblical Monotheism: An Unfinished Task"; "I colori nell’astrologia mesopotamica".
The association also organises some learned meetings; some information on recent meetings is provided on this website. In section "Orientalia" are also available the free and full-text PDF editions of the proceedings of such meetings, including Le discipline orientalistiche come scienze storiche. Atti del 1º Incontro «Orientalisti» (Roma, 6-7 Dicembre 2001), edited by Giuseppe Regalzi; "Mutuare, interpretare, tradurre: storie di culture a confronto. Atti del 2º Incontro «Orientalisti» (Roma, 11-13 dicembre 2002)", edited by Giuseppe Regalzi; and "Definirsi e definire: percezione, rappresentazione e ricostruzione dell’identità. Atti del 3º Incontro «Orientalisti» (Roma, 23-25 febbraio 2004)", edited by Massimo Gargiulo, Chiara Peri and Giuseppe Regalzi. Researchers specialising on the ancient Near East will find this website useful.
The Demotic Dictionary Project website contains information about dictionary project conducted by the Oriental Institute in Chicago. The idea behind the project is to publish a complement to the Demotisches Glossar by W. Erichsen from 1954. The new dictionary concentrates on demotic texts published between 1954 and 1975 with inclusions of some more recent studies. The website contains an online version of the dictionary, freely available for downloading as PDF-files. Demotic is a version of written ancient Egyptian that was prominent in Egypt from around the 26th dynasty to the fifth century AD. The text is a simplified version of hieroglyphic writing mostly used on papyri and ostraca. This website is an invaluable resource for any researcher or student working within the fields of Egyptology or the languages of the ancient world.
The Edfu project is conducted by the Archeological Institute of the University of Hamburg and aims at translating and publish all text material that is found at the Horus temple of Edfu in Egypt. The temple at Edfu was built during the Ptolemaic era (around 300 to 30 BC) and is one of the best preserved temples of ancient Egyptian times and was dedicated to the worship of the falcon god Horus. The temple is inscribed with a great number of religious inscriptions and is a invaluable source of knowledge about ancient Egyptian religion. Despite its comparably late date the texts are considered to be based on much older traditions and is, because of that, deemed to be of great interest for the study of older stages of Egyptian religion. The website contains information about the project, images and a bibliography. In addition there is a virtual library with links to publications regarding the temple in PDF-format.
Enim is a free and full-text online journal focusing on Nilotic and Mediterranean Egypt launched in 2008. Only a few papers were available at the time of the review, and these concentrate on the study of the hieroglyphic language. The papers are in French only and can be downloaded as PDF files. Abstracts and the general website are also available in English. It is possible to read the submission guidelines for the journal. This is a specialist resource that will be useful primarily to researchers.
The InscriptiFact project at the University of Southern California publishes photographs of ancient Middle Eastern inscriptions, mainly from Phoenicia, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Egypt. To access the website it is necessary to register by faxing a signed user agreement; read the instructions (PDF files); and install Java components (administrator rights required). The database is accessed using a special Java browser (Mac and Windows supported). After logging in, it is possible to browse the inscriptions by period, site, language, support and collection, or search them. Once a list of relevant inscriptions is produced, clicking on any entry will display the metadata associated with that inscription. Clicking on the "go" button on the list of inscriptions provides access to a series of thumbnails of all the available photographs for that inscription; there is a set of BW and colour photographs for each inscription. The thumbnails can be saved as TIFF or JPEG pictures, or preferably as full resolution JPEG2000 photographs (recommended). There is also a standalone viewer to visualise Reflection Transformation Imaging (RTI) images.
There are no transliterations or translations of the inscriptions. Among the scripts are Ammonite; Arabic; Aramaic; Coptic; Cuneiform (Akkadian; Babylonian; Sumerian; Ugaritic); Egyptian hieroglyphs; Greek; Hebrew; Latin; Nabatean; Phoenician; Semitic and others. There are also early alphabetic inscriptions such as that from Wadi el-Hol and some Dead Sea scrolls. This website can be useful primarily for teaching and researching, but postgraduate students specialising in ancient languages may also find it useful. The project has been funded by several organisations, including the Underwood Family Trust Fund; the Ahmanson Foundation; and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Internet-Beiträge zur Ägyptologie und Sudanarchäologie (IBAES) is an online free and full text series of thematic edited volumes on Egyptology; all contents are in German with a few contents available also in English. Several volumes are available (abstracts and full contents in PDF format) from the simple interface of the website. Among the topics are: the mummy as cultural phenomenon; gender studies in Egyptology (especially differences between king/queen and male/female divinities); "Statue and Cult. A study of funerary practice in non-royal tombs of the residence during the Old Kingdom"; animal cults; genealogy; "Tomb decoration in the Old Kingdom"; economy and religion; and the site of Musawwarat al-Sufrah in Sudan. Several monographs focus on Egyptian religion and related issues. Both students and researchers may find this website useful.
This website contains a line by line (unreliable) translation in German of the ancient Egyptian text of the story of Sinuhe. For each line, the text is given in hieroglyphic and German; colour pictures of the papyri containing the text are also provided. Differences in the ancient text between some papyri and ostraka are also highlighted. There is a general introduction and a basic bibliography. This is the work of an amateur archaeologist, and therefore the German translation should not be relied upon for teaching or research purposes. However, the line by line presentation of the text and the notation of differences in the ancient text may be very useful in teaching when accompanied by a reliable translation of the ancient text. Teachers and lecturers only should use this website as a basis to present the text.
This website provides a catalogue of hieroglyphic texts on temples dating to the Ptolemaic and Roman period. All texts are translated in French and can be browsed through a simple interface. The temples integrated in the catalogue at the time of review were: Deir el-Medina; Opet; Aswan; Bigge; Dakka; and Dendour. The texts reveal mostly religious aspects. This website is a work in progress that may be already useful to specialists.
This German website publishes the preliminary results of a project focusing on the archaeology of Nubia, and especially Meroë, the Meroitic Empire, and its language. There are several pages detailing the project; section "Archäologie" contains a series of illustrated short reports, including a short history of research; useful tables to help deciphering the Meroitic language; and a substantial bibliography. Most pictures can be enlarged by clicking on them. A separate gallery of images contains a large number of photographs of buildings; ceramics and ornaments. The images are perhaps the most valuable resource of this website and may be useful to both students (to complement readings) and researchers.
This website publishes a searchable database of all articles published in the Zeitschrift für ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde (ZÄS) since volume 90 (year 1963). The search can be performed by author, title or year. Abstracts are not available. This is a basic, specialist database that may be useful primarily to researchers.
The Rylands Papyri website gives online access to the extensive collection of papyri held at the Manchester University, John Rylands University Library. The collection contains some seven Hieroglyphic, 19 Hieratic, 166 Demotic papyri along with numerous Coptic, Arabic and Greek texts. It is one of the largest collections of its kind in Britain. The collection contains the so called Rylands Library Papyrus P52 or St John’s fragment which is thought to be the earliest extant copy of New Testament canonical writing. The website gives access to images of the papyri and the interface allows the user to zoom in and study the texts in detail. The website is instructive and easy to access. This is a valuable resource for students and researchers alike.
The story of Sinuhe is one of the best known and most discussed literary texts from ancient Egyptian sources. Therefore, the amount of articles and discussions is more than abundant. This website publishes an exhaustive bibliography (up to about the year 2000) by Barbara Lüscher, who started working on it in the 1980s as a student at the University of Basel. The bibliography is quite impressive. A series of PDF files includes a precise bibliography for each ancient word, hieroglyph, or grammatical problem, and a general bibliography. Researchers or advanced students may find this specialist website useful.
The SP Fonts Home Page (formerly the 'Scholars Press') contains several TrueType fonts that may be downloaded and used free of charge. The alphabets available are Greek, Hebrew, Coptic, and Syriac. The site includes two Greek fonts: SPDoric and SPIonic. Three Hebrew fonts are featured: SPTiberian; SPDamascus; and SPEzra. SPEdessa is a Syriac Estrangela font. SPAchmim is a Coptic font. Finally, SPAtlantis is a transliteration font that includes diacriticals and other special characters that allow the representation of numerous Indo-European, Semitic, and other languages. SPAtlantis is available in both Roman and Italic type. The Greek and Coptic fonts are largely based on the 'Thesaurus Linguae Graecae' encoding, with additional codes for Coptic characters not represented in the Greek encoding. The Hebrew and Syriac fonts follow the Michigan-Claremont encoding scheme.The fonts may be individually downloaded, and are compatible with PC and Mac computers. Each font has a .readme file explaining the standard keyboard mapping used by the font. Although the fonts are free to use, the website requests that permission be sought from the copyright holder before including the typefaces in commercial electronic products.
The website of the Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur journal publishes the contents and abstracts (since 1994) of this German Egyptological journal published by the Archaeological Institute of the University of Hamburg. The abstracts (and papers in the printed edition) are mostly in German with some written in English or French. There are guidelines for prospective authors.
This website publishes some useful information for researchers (especially philologists) on the ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead. The contents are available in German, but at least the interface is also available in both English and French. There is some information on the project and a least of scholars actively studying the Book of the Dead. The prosopography (Online-Prosopographie) is the main part, which contains a FileMaker 8 database with information and bibliography about all known ancient sources of the Book of the Dead. A PDF printout of the database is also available, but researchers should try accessing the proper database. There are also indexes of names and titles. Researchers and postgraduate students may find this specialist website (essentially a bibliographic database) useful.
The Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts website by George Douros is a simple page from which a set of fonts with typefaces created from ancient scripts can be freely downloaded. The fonts can be used and modified free of charge. There fonts are Unicode compatible and include the Aegean (Linear B and other scripts such as the Phaistos Disk); Egyptian (both hieroglyphics and translitteration characters); Akkadian; and Greek sets. The fonts need to be installed on a local computer to be usable (access a PC as administrator) in Word or similar software packages.
The World of the Pyramids website provides access to online seminars and papers on ancient Egypt. The seminars are learning texts adapted from published books and are entitled 'Ancient Egyptian society and family life' (with sub-sections on marriage, child-bearing, dress and entertainment) and 'Agatha Christie and archaeology' (focusing on the excavations which the crime novelist visited in the 1930s). The latter seminar merges English literature, history of archaeology, the social role of train travel and Egyptology into a singular collection of stories, anecdotes and research. The papers focus on various arguments from different perspectives as varied as history, religion, gender studies, literature, historical photographs, literature and myth; each is illustrated throughout. A short illustrated paper also presents the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamen.
This website publishes a bibliographic database by Barbara Lüscher from the University of Basel on ancient Egyptian words that is updated annually. The database, available as a series of PDF files, provides alphabetic lists of words (according to the Egyptian alphabet), lists of texts and lists of personal names. Each entry is accompanied by a relevant bibliography, limited to articles from academic journals. The list is easy to use and some journal issues included are fairly old. This is a specialist database that will be useful primarily to researchers or postgraduate students.
The website of the research institute "Ägyptologisches Seminar der Universität Basel" publishes some information on the institute as well as institute- and research-related news. Section "Forschung" (research) is particularly interesting as it contains pages describing some of the current projects run by members of the staff. Among the projects are "Diachronic Grammar of Egyptian and Coptic" and Mission Siptah - Rames X. As part of the latter project the institute is carrying out fieldwork in some tombs of the Valley of the Kings, namely KV 47 (Siptah); KV 32 (Tiaa); KV 18 (Ramses X); KV 54 (Tutankhamun's cache, not the tomb); and some ancient houses of workers. A series of linked websites have been produced by the research centre, including one for a bibliography; one for VisualGlyph, a hieroglyphic text-processing program (further information may be requested); and a list of Egyptian hieroglyphic words discussed and translated in German. Both researchers and students may find this website useful.