This site, part of the larger LacusCurtius resource (q.v.), contains an online version of Platner and Ashby's seminal Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. This large reference work contains valuable information on almost every monument of ancient Rome, and was for many years the standard work of first call for students of the ancient city. Although subsequently eclipsed by the works of Richardson and latterly Steinby, it is still an invaluable work (enjoying the considerable merits of brevity and of being in English) and the version presented here is very useful. The Dictionary is accessible through a hyperlinked page of buildings usefully sorted by type, and one click will take you directly to the required entry. Cross-references to other entries in the Dictionary are also hyperlinked. Furthermore, in cases where Platner and Ashby refer to ancient literary sources mentioning a specific building, Mr Thayer, the website's owner, has included a link to the relevant passages in his own collection of online texts (for Cassius Dio, Suetonius, Pliny, Martial and others). This is an intelligent use of the Internet's advantages over the printed page, and makes this online version even more useful than the original book. Mr Thayer has also appended his own pictures and notes to some of the Dictionary entries. This site is rather more useful for public or large commercial buildings than private dwellings, and much has been discovered since the Dictionary was originally published in 1929. There are more complete versions elsewhere on the Internet, but this one is particularly well presented and a supremely useful resource.
This is an online narrative overview of Athens' history, from neolithic to contemporary times. The text is divided into chapters which give an easily-accessible chronological survey of the city from around 5000 BC to the late twentieth century. Key periods covered include: Mycenaean Athens (1500-1200 BC); archaic Athens (750-478 BC); classical Athens (478-339 BC); Hellenistic Athens (339-168 BC); Roman Athens from republic to empire (168 BC-AD 303); Byzantine Athens (AD 303-1205); Crusader Athens (AD 1205-1456); Ottoman Athens (AD 1456-1821); the Greek War of Independence (AD 1821-1833); Bavarian rule (1833-1862); and twentieth-century Athens. Timelines are also given for ancient, medieval and modern Athens, and the site also features a bibliography of secondary material (without annotation).
This online resource provides details of a wide range of software which is available in the Internet for those studying or teaching classical subjects. Included are the following: instructional software for Latin, Greek, classical civilisation and etymology; productivity tools such as fonts and utilities; bibliographies; dictionaries; e-textbooks; and images. Where resources are available for free online, links are provided to the relevant websites; in the case of those which require payment of a fee, contact details for publishers are given. There is also on this website an archive of Rob Latousek’s 'Random Access' column in The Classical Outlook journal (1989-2008), updating teachers about computer-based tools with educational applications. Users may browse the topic and coverage of each column, then hyperlinks lead to the full-text of each article. There is a also resource guide to additional websites for the classics, which supplements the Directory.
The "Actas y Comunicaciones" (ISSN 1669-7286) from the University of Buenos Aires' Instituto de Historia Antigua y Medieval present research papers from the Institute in electronic format, in PDF files. The first issue of this electronic peer reviewed publication appeared in 2005, bringing together papers presented at a conference held at the Institute entitled 'Cuestiones historiográficas y representaciones históricas. Europa, ayer y hoy' (Historiographic Questions and Historical Representations. Europe, Yesterday and Today'). The articles are written in either Spanish or Italian and focus on such themes as: political power and intellectual development in the Middle Ages; the university as 'hammer and chisel' of medieval society, using 15th century Salamanca University as a case study; and, in a move away from medieval history, a study of Italian intellectuals and the fascist movement in Italy. The editors hope that the electronic format will permit greater dissemination of research output from the Institute, but they also welcome contributions from international scholars for future issues. At the time of review (2009) the PDF files three (2005-2007) of all four volumes posted online were not downloading properly.
The website of the "AHRB Centre for Byzantine Cultural History" is intended primarily as a platform to disseminate information about the Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies' (SPBS), events, research grants and publications. SPBS was established in 1983, with the object of furthering study and knowledge of the history and culture, language and literature of the Byzantine Empire and its neighbours. The website is a great resource for students, postgraduates and those engaged in higher levels of research. The site features abstracts and longer reports on current projects. A page of links directs the user to a variety of online sources concerning the Byzantine Empire. This centre is the result of a collaboration between the universities of Newcastle and Sussex, and The Queen's University, Belfast. The aim of the centre is to bring together art historians, textual scholars and archaeologists, and the resources to enhance the following projects: Evergetis; Networks; Constantinople; Colour; and Skylitzes. The Centre receives funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) (now the Arts and Humanities Research Council - AHRC) within the Research Centre Awards scheme.
This attractively designed resource is the official website of the American Classical League (ACL), a private organisation dedicated to the fostering of the study of classical languages. The site provides information about the ACL's membership, constitution and activities, including the provision of grants and scholarships. Users may also access its publications here. There is also a link listing relevant teaching materials and information on job vacancies. Whilst this is clearly focused on teaching classics in the United States there is much here which will be of interest to those engaged in the teaching of classical subjects elsewhere in the world.
This is the website of The American Institute for Roman Culture (IRC), which aims to promote the culture and history of ancient Rome by running educational programs and cultural heritage projects. Details of these activities are provided here. Included is information about: excavations at the Villa delle Vignacce and Ostia Antica; the excavation of the Roman forum run in conjunction with the universities of Oxford and Stanford (a link is also provided to the official website of this particular excavation); study abroad programs in aspects of Roman culture and archaeology; voluntary opportunities at the Institute itself (which is based in Rome); other events organised for the general public by the Institute; and the people involved in running the organisation.
This is the online version of Amphora, a twice-yearly publication produced by the American Philological Association (APA). Aimed at a wide audience including interested enthusiasts as well as those who are involved in studying or teaching classics at any level, the publication contains accessible articles written by scholars and experts on all aspects of classical studies. Users may view tables of contents for each issue, as well as full-text versions of articles (available as PDF files). A wide range of topics is covered, including: classical literature; ancient history; mythology; art and archaeology; ancient Greek and Latin languages; classical pedagogy; and the modern reception/interpretation of classics. There are also book and film reviews.
The Ancient City of Athens is an excellent website which has an extensive range of photographs of principal archaeological sites in Athens, taken from the slide collections of Prof. Kevin Glowacki and Nancy Klein of Texas A&M University. There are photographs of the following areas: the Acropolis; the agora; the Arch of Hadrian; the city Eleusinion; the Kerameikos; the Library of Hadrian; the Lysicrates monument; the Olympieion and south-east Athens; the Philopappos monument; the pnyx; and the Roman agora. There is also a section on the sanctuary of Artemis at Brauron, in Attica. Within the different sections there is a good range of general and detailed views. The photographs from the Acropolis' slopes are particularly useful, not only because they are annotated but since access to these sites is difficult for most visitors to Athens. In addition, the Acropolis section provides far more than the usual snapshots, with detailed photos of architectural sculpture and pre-classical building works. The photos of the Agora and Kerameikos offer an excellent and comprehensive selection. In addition to the photographic archive the site offers a number of other resources, which are: an introductory essay on the topography and monuments of Athens; a very brief outline of Greek history to AD 1453; information about the tribes and eponymous heroes of the ancient Athenians. Bibliographic details are given, as well as links to other relevant websites.
The website 'Ancient economies I' is a series of illustrated essays on various aspects of the economy of the ancient world by Dr Morris Silver of the Economics Department, City College of New York. The essays, written from an explicitly formalist perspective, cover a wide range of topics of economic interest such as landholding, labour, exchange and coinage in ancient Egypt and the Near East, the biblical world and the pre-historic and classical Mediterranean. Archaeological, textual and iconographic evidence are employed throughout including extensive use of mythological material. The texts are based on Silver's 'Economic Structures of Antiquity' (Greenwood Press 1995) and 'Taking ancient mythology economically' (Brill 1992). The author's CV which accompanies the website provides a bibliography of his other works on the ancient economy. All of the textual evidence is translated from the original Sumerian, Akkadian, Ugaritic, Greek, Hebrew and Hittite sources. Extensive bibliographies are provided for a number of the essays and many of the images can be viewed as thumbnails or at full-size. While Silver's approach is fairly explicit throughout, the website is not intended to provide a disinterested account of the source material or of the wider intellectual debate. This resource will interest a wide audience of archaeologists and ancient historians at undergraduate and research level but will also benefit economic historians in search of historical and cross-cultural parallels for their work.
'Ancient Greece in Fiction' is a modestly presented but useful online list of fictional works, mostly in English, inspired by classical myth, history and archaeology, from the 18th century to the present day. Compiled by Dr Nick Lowe of the Department of Classics, Royal Holloway College, University of London, the list is arranged alphabetically, according to mythical or historical character, as well as by period and theme. The list, which is based in part on William Thompson's 1966 pamphlet 'Classical novels' and Hazel Beall's article in Classical World 1963, is dominated by 20th century works but also includes many classic texts of an earlier date and is current to 2006. It provides an invaluable guide to the range of fiction inspired by the classical Greek world. The website also includes links to related websites including the author's own guide, 'Ancient Greece in the cinema'. This resource will benefit both professional academics in a number of disciplines studying the relationship between ancient and modern literature and a wider audience, including creative writers, pursuing an interest in classical studies and their contemporary echoes in popular culture.
Compiled by Dr. Nick Lowe of Royal Holloway University, this online list of movies relating to ancient Greece complements a similar list of Greek historical fiction put together by the same author. Although concise, this resource is an excellent starting point for anyone interested in the overlap between Classics and film studies, or in the modern reception of ancient history, mythology, epic and drama since the twentieth century. The list is divided into five themed sections: prehomeric myth; Homer and Troy; archaic, classical and Hellenistic history; Cleopatra; and films of Greek drama. Each film is listed with its date (featured movies date back as far as 1927), director and leading actor or actress.
Ancient Greek Cities is an attractive and easily navigable website which gives detailed information on a number of key cities of the ancient Greek world. Featured places are: Athens; Sikyon; Corinth; Sparta; Thebes; Argos; Mycenae; Delphi; and Olympia. Each city has a section of the website devoted to it; these sections are then divided into further sub-sections dealing with topics such as: history; legend; art and architecture; coinage; athletics; and famous individuals from the cities (for example, writers, people of historical importance and legendary characters). Pages are clearly set out and accompanied by a wealth of images from ancient art, as well as maps. The site is also fully searchable. This is an ideal starting-point for anyone seeking to find out more about particular locations in ancient Greece, although unfortunately the lack of referencing and failure to cite sources means that it is unsuitable for more advanced study.
The Ancient Greek World Web presentation is a virtual exhibition created by the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. It deals with aspects of ancient Greek history and society from the sub-Mycenaean period to the Hellenistic period (c. 1100-31 BC). A section entitled 'Land and Time' gives a chronological overview of the history of the periods which are covered. Other sections cover the following broad topics: daily life; religion and death; and the economy. Each section is divided into several sub-sections and is illustrated using images of ancient Greek art (vase paintings, sculpture and coins); accompanying text provides important details about these artefacts. The site is well presented, and the images which are used to depict important aspects of ancient Greek life would be very useful particularly for those studying or presenting a variety of classical courses, who require easy access to the primary sources.
Ancient History in the Movies is an online resource created by Paul Halsall of Fordham University, New York, and provides a useful starting-point for anyone interested in the way in which the ancient world has been portrayed in the cinema. The site provides some brief guidelines on approaching films about the ancient world from an academic perspective, and presents a list of relevant movies with some basic details about each (date of production, length, brief summary and names of directors and key actors). Each listing is linked to its relevant page on the Internet Movie Database (IMDB) to allow the user to find further information. For ease of reference the list is divided into the following categories: pre-historic humans; Mesopotamia; Egypt; Biblical epic/ancient Israel; classical Greece; Hellenistic Greece; Roman empire; Biblical epic/life of Christ; and Biblical epic/early Christian. The resource is a good place to begin for those who wish to investigate the ways in which biblical and classical themes have been utilised and adapted by film makers in modern times.
Compiled by Timothy J. Moore of the Department of Classics, University of Texas at Austin, this ancient music bibliography is a themed online bibliography (which, at the time of reviewing, had last been updated in 2008) that lists books and papers, of relevance to the classics or music student, interested in the study of music from Ancient Greece or Rome. Specific sections cover various elements of music making, including: singing and speaking; the voice; rhythm; and musical instruments, such as strings, auloi/tibiae, extant pipes, auletai/tibicines, and kroupezai/scabellum. There are also sections on music on: the Greek and Roman stage; Livy VII.2, the origins of Roman theatre, and the performance of 'cantica'; Plautus and Terence; music in art; dance; music, education and ethics; the Carmina Convivalia; and Byzantine music. The majority of the works listed here are written in English, although there are several in German, French and Italian.
Focusing on the ancient Olympics, this is a special online exhibit of the Perseus Digital Library Project and was created in 1996 as a tribute to the Centennial Olympic Games held in Atlanta, Georgia. It provides insights into ancient sports and athletes as well as looking at the site of Olympia itself. The website is divided into the following sections: Ancient and Modern Olympic Sports (a rundown of the different events in ancient athletic contests, illustrated by images from Greek vases); A Tour of Ancient Olympia (featuring images, plans and explanatory text describing the site of Olympia as it looks today); The Context of the Games and the Olympic Spirit (with detailed illustrated pages on the religious aspect of the games, the competitive spirit, politics and spectators among other things); and Athletes' Stories (featuring information on particular individuals referred to in the ancient sources). There is also a section of FAQs relating to the ancient Olympics. This deals with topics such as: the presence of women; prizes and judging; the origin of the Olympics; and the origin of the marathon race. A page of bibliographic material provides suggestions for further reading on the topic. This well-organised and beautifully illustrated site is aimed primarily at those who are new to the topic (a school or undergraduate audience) and is therefore a good starting-point for finding information about ancient athletics.
This website acts as an introduction to ancient rhetoric, and was constructed by Malcolm Heath of the classics department at the University of Leeds in order to assist students taking his course on the ancient art of persuasion. As well as a very useful downloadable course handbook (in PDF format) which provides an introduction to ancient rhetorical theory, the site also provides: papers on rhetorical invention and declamation; an introduction to Hermogenes' On Issues; and translations of parts of some ancient textbooks on rhetoric, Aphthonius' and Libanius' Preliminary Exercises (progymnasmata). Given the less familiar nature of these texts, this site is a useful contribution to rhetoric studies on the Internet.
On the website of the classics scholar Andreas U. Schmidhauser there is a page on Apollonius Dyscolus, containing an introduction, a complete bibliography, works (in Greek) to download including the 1495 Aldina edition of Apollonius's Syntax and a list of Apollonius scholars. Apollonius was an influential Greek author of the second century AD, considered to be the founding father of European reflection on language. He wrote texts on morphology, syntax, prosody, semantics, orthography, and dialectology. The bibliography consists of around 340 items arranged alphabetically. Its compiler claims comprehensiveness for works written in English, French, German, Italian, or Latin. Review articles in the bibliography are hyperlinked to the entry they describe. The Aldina edition of the syntax is a very large file (17MB). The text is in Greek. The bibliography is not at present searchable, although it is possible to restrict the display to editions of Apollonius's works, or to translations of his primary texts. There is the option to subscribe to bibliography updates through an RSS feed.
ARCHES Project : Antiquity Related Collections Harnessed for Educational Scenarios is an online introduction to this project which endeavours to enhance the use of electronic resources related to classics and theatre studies. The project is a collaboration between: the University of Warwick's School of Theatre Studies; Centre for Academic Practice; and IT Services eLab together with City College Coventry. It arose from the research work of Professor Richard Beacham and Dr Hugh Denard, and employs the University of Warwick's extensive collection of Greek- and Roman- related virtual reality resources. The website is essentially an introduction to the project, detailing its development and objectives. The intention is to make extensive electronic facilities available for the benefit of those in higher and further education. For example, two original photographic collections and a collection of Virtual Reality reconstructions of Roman domestic and theatre spaces will allow a productive approach to the interactions between the Roman theatre and Roman wall-paintings. Another plan is to develop ideas about performance spaces within the ancient theatre. The project will also cooperate with already established web resources, such as Didaskalia. The website also includes: the contact addresses of those involved; a detailed project plan; and relevant progress reports (requiring Word), as well as documents describing the required software systems.
This online resource provides an overview of the life and work of the Greek mathematician, Archimedes (287-212 BC). It consists predominantly of an article written by the authors of the site, JJ O'Connor and EF Robertson, of the School of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of St. Andrews, in which they discuss important details of Archimedes' biography and provide information about his main works and ideas. This article is also hyperlinked to other articles by the same author which discuss aspects of mathematical theory relevant to the study of Archimedes. In addition to this biographical coverage, users can access a selection of quotations from Archimedes' principal works, a list of references to books and articles on Archimedes, and a list of links to other Web resources on Archimedes.
This is the online presence of the Archive of Performances of Greek and Roman Drama (APGRD), an inter-disciplinary research project at the University of Oxford which is aimed at establishing the international history of the production and reception of classical plays from the Renaissance to the present day, and to trace all extant evidence for performance and re-performance of plays within antiquity. The purpose of the APGRD is both to serve as a repository of physical materials relating to the stage history of the works in performance (such as playbills, programmes, reviews, drawings, photographs and audio-visual recordings) and to compile a comprehensive production history of ancient drama on the modern stage (revivals and adaptations on stage and film, and in opera and dance). Users may register to search the online APGRD Database of more than 9,000 productions of Greek and Roman drama on the modern stage, plus bibliographical sources for them. Playwrights whose works feature are Euripides, Sophocles, Aeschylus, Aristophanes, Menander, Plautus, Terence, and Seneca. This site provides information about the project, its events (including seminars, conferences and colloquia) and publications, as well as links to further research resources and listings of current and forthcoming productions of ancient drama. Links to relevant online resources include those for the reception of ancient drama, Classics in general and theatre studies. Funding is received from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
This website consists of an online text of Aristotle's Rhetoric and a short bibliography of secondary works. The text used as the basis for this is W Rhys Roberts' English translation of 1954. Each of the three books of the rhetoric is given its own web page, with Roberts' extended indexes linking to precise paragraphs within the work. The entire site may be searched by keyword, and a Bekker index is also included to allow users to access sections of the text using the referencing system based on the definitive text. Although unannotated, the secondary bibliography is extensive, and organised in reverse chronological order of publication (that is, with the most recently-published items listed first). The entire site may also be downloaded in HTML format.
This website is part of the Digital Library for International Research, a project of the Council of American Overseas Research Centers (CAORC), and it publishes the first six volumes (1991-1999) of the "Arkeoloji Dergisi" journal. Papers are written in Turkish, German, French, and English and are accessible as individual full-text PDF files, with searchable text. The journal focuses on Greek archaeology and culture (e.g. red-figure ceramics; administrative system of the Attalids; the cult of Apollon; Roman roads), with several papers on artefacts and sites discovered in Turkey.
These Web pages contain photographs of archaeological remains (architectural features and sculpture) from Athens and the surrounding region of Attica. The following sites are featured: the Akropolis (Acropolis); the agora; the Kerameikos; the Pnyx; the Olympieion; the region of Attica; Sounion; and Thorikos. Each has its own section of the website where the user may access images of buildings (in their present state), sculptures and some inscriptions. Brief descriptions are provided for each photograph, along with relevant bibliography. The photographs are clear, and the site is easy to navigate; this is therefore a useful visual resource for archaeologists and classicists.
This resource provides online photos of Ancient Art and Architecture, covering material from the Ancient Near East, Ancient Egypt, Minoan and Mycenaean civilisations, Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic Greece, and Rome. The pages are part of Art Images for College Teaching, a database of visual resources for use in education, a project that also covers arts of the Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque periods, the eighteenth to twentieth century, and also non-Western art. The author encourages users to contribute their own images, and the value of the site will increase with user involvement. The admirable intention and large scope of the database is at present restricted by a limited depth. In its current state, the site is of most value to the general public who would desire a general overview, although there is inevitably some imbalance in that the resource can only use the photos that it has. Thus there are photos of the sculpture of East pediment of the Parthenon, but none of the West, nor a view of the temple as a whole. The temples at Paestum receive a significant proportion of images. The Erechtheion is represented by two 'Caryatids', and not the temple as a whole. There is a reasonable selection of Archaic and Early Classical Greek sculpture, but later and famous works attributed to Praxiteles, Lysippus or Polyclitus are absent. Egyptian art is represented by eleven images. Roman architecture and sculpture receives more, with 5 pages, but is similarly selective. There are a number of factual errors, such as the mislabelling of Parthenon South metope 28, and East pediment figure G. No measurements are provided with the photos. The descriptions provide identification, location and date, although bibliography is provided for each image. If the author's hopes and intentions are satisfied, this resource could be of immense use for novices to ancient art.
This website is the home page for the Association of Latin Teaching (ARLT), an organisation which exists to promote the teaching of Classics and to give practical help to Classics teachers in secondary schools. Although the organisation's name suggests that it is concerned exclusively with the teaching of Latin, it promotes the study of all classical subjects in schools, including Greek and Classical Civilisation. The website features details of the Association's activities, which include residential training and refresher courses for teachers of Classics. The site also provides syllabus information and some useful worksheets which could be used for examination preparation. There is also a bulletin board for the discussion of teaching-related topics, a blog, and a list of links to sites of interest to classics teachers and classicists in general. These include some helpful teaching resources available on the Internet, information about forthcoming productions of Greek drama, and links to Classics departments at major universities. Many classics teachers would find this a useful site to bookmark. Some resources are only accessible to those who are teachers and who have registered with the site (this is free).
The Beazley Archive is a research unit of the University of Oxford's Faculty of Literae Humaniores; this is its website. The original archive of Sir John Beazley (1885-1970) included about 250,000 photographs, notes, drawings and books relating to ancient Greek and Roman art. In 1979 information technology (IT) projects began with the Pottery Database of Athenian figure-decorated vases of the 7th-4th centuries BC. Since 1992 IT projects on other aspects of classical art have been created. This website displays information about the Archive, including publications and bibliographies, and gives access to the IT projects and databases. These include: gems; pottery; sculpture; and the dictionary. For example: Pottery - The Beazley Archive text database records information about Athenian figure-decorated vases illustrated in publications available to the Ashmolean Library. Begun in 1979, it now has over 67,000 entries, with fourteen fields, including bibliographical references, find-place, shape and iconographical terms. In 1992 the Archive began to participate in a European Union project (RAMA) linking the collections of seven museums across Europe via the Internet. This project enabled the Beazley Archive to begin digitising its photographs and drawings. These include a vast collection of images of classical sites. An enhanced version of the original database is now available via the website (users may search for images according to location). The Dictionary feature of the resource is an excellent alphabetical guide to classical sites and terminology (including references to places, technical terms, buildings, people, gods and other figures from myth); each explanatory entry is accompanied by relevant images from the archive's collection. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Resource Enhancement Scheme.
Taking as its starting point the novels of the prolific historical novelist Mary Renault (1905-1983), but extending the scope far beyond this one writer, this website focuses on twentieth-century Greek historical fiction relating to Alexander the Great of Macedon (fourth century BC). This is a site which will appeal to anyone interested in the modern reception of ancient history. Its main feature is an extensive chronological list of novels based on Alexander, accompanied by detailed summaries and reviews. There is a further section on the figure of Alexander as portrayed in other media (primarily in films), and a lengthy review of Oliver Stone's movie 'Alexander' (2004). Also provided is an annotated page of classical web links, and a link to a chatroom ('Megalexandros') for Alexander the Great enthusiasts.
For anyone who has struggled with the considerable variation in Latin nomenclature, the website of the Bibliographic Standards Committee (BSC) : Latin Place Names will help with the process of identifying towns, cities and other locations. Developed and maintained by Robert Maxwell (Brigham Young University and Chair BSC), the site contains an online alphabetical database of locations in their Latin forms which are then cross-indexed with modern vernacular forms. The forms are those found in books printed before 1801. Variations in spelling are handled through a series of links which always return the user to the one of the more common linguistic forms. The site also provides a few links to other related resources on place names.
Blogographos is a public weblog (blog), which began in May 2004, and which is open to anyone interested in Greek and Roman antiquity. Users must register in order to post to the blog, but anyone may access the archives. The most useful feature of the site is that it draws attention to new material on the web which may be of interest to classicists - this includes other weblogs as well as articles and sites providing information on archaeology, ancient history and civilisation and classical languages. Other features include: book announcements and reviews of both scholarly works and classics-related fiction; conference announcements; and details of stories in the media, television programmes and radio broadcasts which are of particular relevance to classicists. The resource provides an insight into the many ways in which the classical world continutes to be of interest and relevance to modern society.
The British School at Rome (BSR) is a centre for research on the archaeology, history and culture of Italy, and for contemporary art and architecture. It is one of a large group of national academies in Rome. This website includes information about: residential awards for researchers and artists; a programme of exhibitions in contemporary art; a programme of lectures and conferences on the humanities; a specialist research library; a publications programme; and a virtual tour of the School. Also included are pages relating to archaeology fieldwork projects, including excavations at Forum Novum (villa, church and amphitheatre) since 1997 directed by the Birmingham University Field Archaeology Unit, the British Museum and the British School at Rome, and carried out in collaboration with the Soprintendenza Archeologica del Lazio. This project aims to complement other urban studies being carried out as part of the Tiber Valley project, in particular to the study of the larger scales of urban form currently being carried out by the University of Southampton. Interdisciplinary research projects also detailed here include: the Pompeii Project (an archaeological and multimedia investigation of a small section of the extinct city, known as Insula 9, which includes a virtual tour of Insula I.9 on this website); the Tiber Valley Project (an integrated project examining the hinterland-city relationship in central Italy); and the Roman Ports Project, which traces at the development of Portus, the port of imperial Rome.
The Bryn Mawr Classical Review (BMCR) is a regularly-updated online journal which publishes reviews, written by academics, of books on a whole range of classical subjects (since 1990). The reviews are generally longer than one expects to find within a scholarly journal, often giving a chapter-by-chapter summary of the work as well as critical comment. BMCR also publishes responses to reviews (and occasionally responses to the responses). The website gives access to all reviews published since 1990 and a simple search interface. The website also includes instructions for viewing Greek characters online, as well as guidelines for reviewers. The reviews are relevant to both Classics and Classical archaeology and may be useful to bot researchers and students.
The website for Byzantine Studies from the library at Notre Dame University brings together several useful resources on the subject. Perhaps the most significant of these is a detailed annotated bibliography for Byzantine studies. This includes links to online resources as well as information about books and journal articles, and is divided into the following sections: source collections; general information; art and architecture; geography; hymnography; law; literature; manuscripts; numismatics; patristics (hagiography); prosopography; and journals. The resource also provides downloadable versions of the following texts (in PDF format): an English translation of Eustathios of Thessaloniki's Critical Remarks on Homer's Iliad; the Life of St George of Amastris; and Karl Krumbacher's History of Byzantine Literature. Also within this site is a section on several icons (the Theotokos Eleousa; the Divine Liturgy; the Vita icon of Euthymios of Sardis; the Quadripartite icon and the Ten Saints icon) from the Snite Museum of Art. There is a colour image of each of these icons as well as a full description detailing its size, location, and history. Finally, an annotated list of links to other useful websites is also given.
This is the website of the Cambridge School Classics Project (CSCP), which aims to promote the teaching of classics and ancient history to students of all ages. This excellent resource offers teaching aids, practical advice, and news and Web links to students and teachers with a dual emphasis on Latin and Roman history, myths and storytelling. The website features a very useful and extensive series of free online resources for Latin learners and their teachers, many in the form of web links, as well as providing a guide to the Cambridge Online Latin Project and its paper version, the Cambridge Latin Course. A subscription is required for the online Latin course. Resources also include an online vocabulary tester and dictionary. Information is also provided on the Iliad Project, which aims to develop child literacy skills via the medium of storytelling, and on other initiatives to support the teaching of Greek and Roman culture in primary schools. The CSCP website will be a fundamental resource for anyone interested in classical civilisation at all levels of education.
Catullus is a website devoted to the Roman writer of Latin lyric verse, Gaius Valerius Catullus (84-54 BC). The site, created and maintained by Dr Rudy Negenborn of Delft University of Technology, contains the Latin texts of Catullus' work and translations of it in many languages, including, among others English, Dutch, German, Swedish, Italian, Estonian, Chinese, Spanish, Hungarian and Norwegian. Users may compare translations in different languages side-by-side with one another or with the original Latin texts. The modern-language translations should perhaps be approached with some caution, however, as although the site lists translators there is no guarantee of the credentials of the contributors. Also included is a brief biography of Catullus and a listing of Latin and Greek related links. There is a discussion forum on Catullus, to which users may contribute.
Harvard's Center for Hellenic Studies (CHS) website publishes information on staff, activities and research at the centre. The most useful part of the website for researchers is the "Virtual Center", where it is possible to access several online publications including the journal Classics@. The online books section includes Cheryl Walker's doctoral dissertation "Hostages in Republican Rome"; Douglas Frame's "The Myth of Return in Early Greek Epic" (ISBN 0300019408); Gregory Nagy's "Homeric Questions" (ISBN 0292755627); and Casey Dué's "Homeric Variations on a Lament by Briseis" (ISBN 0742522199) as well as the transcript of some lectures. Classics@ is a full-text online journal (contributions welcome) with thematic issues (e.g. Posidippus, computing and classics, Homer, etc.). First Drafts@Classics@ publishes pre-print papers and books. "Homer and the Papyri" is a fully searchable database of Homeric papyri and it is the backbone of the "Homer Multitext Project", which will present the textual transmission of the Iliad and Odyssey and taking in account the different historical contexts in which these works were written and transmitted. This website may be useful to researchers of ancient Greece.
This is the website of the Centre for the Reception of Greece and Rome which is based at Royal Holloway, University of London, and was founded in 2007. The Centre's research focuses on the sociological, historical, political and philosophical links between Mediterranean antiquity and the modern world (there is a particular emphasis on the roles played by ancient Greece and Rome in discourses about citizenship). The site provides details of researchers who are involved with the centre, as well as giving an insight into its interdisciplinary research projects. Information on the following is also given here: events co-ordinated by the Centre, including conferences (programme details are provided), lectures and seminars; funding and studentships; publications by directors, staff and associates (with links provided to those works which are available online); and links to other relevant websites.
The publication of 'Centuries of Darkness' by Peter James et al in 1991 provoked a stormy scholarly debate about the nature of the chronological frameworks used by archaeologists to study the Mediterranean and Near Eastern world in the second and first millennia BC. The discussion of the so-called Dark Ages between 1200 and 700 BC was especially controversial as it advocated a drastic downdating of many major historical events and archaeological horizons by several centuries. This website, published by several of the original authors in 2000, provides an interesting angle on the debate in the form of 100 reviews of the book and a sample of the responses made to the critics derived from a wide range of academic and popular publications. Also included is a series of frequently asked questions about the 'Centuries of darkness' debate in which the authors address many of the specific criticisms of their argument. A very useful page listing websites devoted to ancient chronological studies and details of other books by the authors complete the resource.
This resource is by no means an exhaustive guide to the debate about Bronze and Iron Age chronology in the Mediterranean and Near East and the authors' partisan position, which is rejected by the majority of contemporary archaeologists and historians working in the field, is clear throughout. Nonetheless, the website is a valuable source of bibliographic reference to publications on ancient chronology. It also provides important insights into the politics and polemics of scholarly discourse and the nature of academic authority. It will benefit in particular third-level students and researchers in archaeology and the Bronze Age history of the Near East.
This is the website of The Chicago Homer, a multilingual database of early Greek epic and twentieth-century scholarship. The website presents all of the texts of ancient Greek epic (including the works of Hesiod and the Homeric Hymns as well as the poetry attributed to Homer) in the original language, as well as English and German translations. These include: Richmond Lattimore's translation of the Homer's Iliad; Daryl Hine's translations of Hesiod's Theogony, Works and Days, and Homeric Hymns; and the 18th century German translations of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey by Johann Heinrich Voss; and an English translation of the Odyssey by James Huddleston. The Greek texts in the Chicago Homer are derived from the electronic texts used in the Perseus Project. The database supports all scholarly searches of the text archive of the almost the entire extant corpus of Early Greek epic. There are excellent pages of supporting information, to help the new user manipulate the database and un derstand the source material. The Chicago Homer is also associated with other scholarly projects online. Each line, for example, links to early papyri, manuscripts or printed texts and other research work in the field. All the functionalities of the Chicago Homer work with modern Web browsers. The transliterated Greek can be displayed on any browser, but the display of Greek characters requires a browser with a Unicode (UTF-8) font that includes the extended Greek character set.
This is the website of CIRCE, a project which supports teachers of classical subjects all over Europe, in particular by promoting the use of ICT as a way of enhancing learning and teaching. The project runs courses which help teachers to use ICT, and detailed information about these can be found here. Perhaps the most valuable section of the site, however, is one which provides online teaching resources. These include: lesson plans on a wide variety of classical topics; case studies giving examples of the ways in which technology has been used in various ways to support the teaching and study of Classics; annotated lists of classical websites in various European languages; links to software resources; short accounts of the ways in which classical subjects are taught in various European countries; and information about installing fonts for reading Greek and Latin. There is also a CIRCE manual which provides guidance for those seeking to enhance their teaching of Classics by using ICT; this is downloadable in PDF format. The site is an excellent resource for those involved in teaching classical subjects at every educational level.
The website of the Classical Association of Ireland - Teachers (CAI-T) aims to provide support to teachers of Latin, Greek and Classical Studies in Ireland, as well as to promote the study of classical subjects. Information is provided here about the CAI-T's constitution and officers, as well as about the activities which it arranges for teachers and students of Classics. These include conferences and lectures as well as an 'Academy in Ancient Latin and Greek' (a programme of classes in the ancient languages for school pupils). A section of the site also provides links to online resources relating to the teaching and studying of classical subjects: these include examinations and syllabi for courses in Ireland. The site will be of particular interest to those looking for comparative information about the way in which classical subjects are taught and examined.
This website, created by the Association for Latin Teaching (ARLT), provides an easily accessible calendar of upcoming Classics-related events in the United Kingdom and Ireland which are open to the general public. Featured events include: summer schools; study days; performances of classical drama and accompanying workshops; public lectures; and educational events at archaeological sites and museums. The user may view a month-by-month, week-by-week or day-by-day listing. By clicking on the name of the event further information can be accessed, including contact details and links to any relevant websites. This is a useful quick-reference tool for students, teachers and enthusiasts of Classics.
This Web page, 'Classical documents for Christian research', features a series of links to English translations of ancient texts (originating from Greece, Rome, and Egypt) which may be of use to those undertaking research into parallels between Biblical texts and stories featured in classical literature. As the full-text of many of the works is included, these may also be of interest to anyone seeking online translations of the featured authors. Works which appear here are: Aristophanes' 'Peace', 'Clouds' and 'Ecclesiazusae'; Euripides' 'Bacchae'; Hesiod's 'Theogony' and 'Works and Days'; the Homeric Hymns; selected works of Plato; Herodotus' Histories; and extracts from Catullus, Pausanias, Aristotle and Athenaeus, as well as a number of Egyptian texts.
This online resource is a concise guide to the major classical writings which provide our source material for the myths of the Olympian gods and goddesses, illustrated with a selection of images from ancient and modern artists. The classical passages are taken from the Perseus Digital Library; this allows the interested reader to delve more deeply into the original sources and to pursue further research. No knowledge of Latin or ancient Greek is required or assumed. The resource also features a short but critical bibliography for further reading, a guide to identifying divinities from their iconographic attributes, and a timeline of Greek history and literature. While this modest website will largely benefit a general or undergraduate audience (it is intended for undergraduate students in Greek and Roman studies at the University of Victoria, BC) it will also serve as a quick and useful reference source or aide-memoire to the more knowledgeable or experienced student of classical myth, particularly for its iconographic content.
This is an excellent companion website for Morford and Lenardon's best-selling book Classical Mythology, now in its seventh edition, which offers a wide range of resources for teachers of classics and ancient history. Apart from providing a useful outline of each chapter and a summary of the myths discussed within, the website provides free, downloadable PowerPoint images for use in class, as well as a series of glossaries of words, phrases and characters encountered in classical texts, and maps of the Mediterranean world and of the classical constellations. There is also a valuable series of lesson plans and accompanying quizzes based on the chapters of the book which can also be used independently of the text. Each chapter description is accompanied by a commentary on the text and a list of relevant weblinks which provide many valuable reference links. The archive section features extracts from ancient literary accounts, together with a commentary, as well as a selection of modern poems inspired by classical mythology by writers such as Yeats, Poe, Landor, Keats, Browning, Shelley, Longfellow, Frost, Byron, Blake and T.S. Elliot. This website will benefit both school and university students and teachers of classical literature and culture as well as those taking English, comparative literature or art history.
This website accompanies a course on Classical Mythology run by Professor William A Johnson at Bucknell University. Whilst some of the information here is specific to that particular course, there is much which will be of interest to those looking for information on the myths of the ancient world in general. Individual pages of the site contain notes on particular topics and questions for discussion, and would be useful aids to anyone preparing tutorials or lectures relating to the themes covered here. Many pages are also accompanied by images from ancient art. The focus is primarily on ancient Greek myth, and individual sections deal with the following subjects: myth in literature (including the Near Eastern background, Gilgamesh, Homer and Hesiod, and the Greek dramatists Aeschylus and Sophocles); myth in art (with images relating to the myths of Heracles, Medea and Jason, and Perseus); myth in religion (including both gods and heroes); myth and thought (covering some of the ways in which philosophy and science deal with myth); and theories of myth. There is also a quick-reference study guide dealing with key names, concepts and episodes in myth. A further section gives sample exam/essay questions.
Written by Roger Dunkle of the Classics Department of Brooklyn College, this is an excellent online study guide to classical Greek and Roman culture through its key literary, historical and philosophical writers. The resource, which is intended for use by undergraduates taking classics options, combines historical, critical and literary material with practical exercises and questions in reading, comprehension and interpretation. The authors featured are: Homer; Thucydides; Sophocles; Euripides; Aristotle; Aristophanes; Plato; Lucretius; and Virgil. Each literary genre is accompanied by sections providing cultural and intellectual background. The entries are hyperlinked to Perseus for easy reference, as is the excellent glossary of personal names, technical terms and placenames, though there is no bibliography. This resource provides a clear and reliable learning resource for classics and ancient history students.
The Classical Reception Studies Network (CRSN) website presents the aims and activities of the Network, and offers useful information for those involved in classical reception studies in the UK and abroad. The Network brings together 11 universities with research specialisms in the subject (early 2009) aiming to facilitate and promote debate and collaboration in the area of classical reception studies. The website contains information about the Network and its members and partners. A database of research and teaching in Classical departments in the UK and the Republic of Ireland is being developed and a pilot version is available on the website. Researchers and postgraduate students in the field should benefit from the listings of forthcoming events (conferences; seminars; workshops; and performances); calls for papers; job vacancies; scholarships; and latest news about projects, reports and publications that conveniently draw together up-to-date information in one place. The Network also publishes a newsletter (available online) and a list of links to related websites.
Classical Receptions in Drama and Poetry from c.1970-Present is a research project based within the Department of Classical Studies at the Open University (UK) and directed by Professor Lorna Hardwick; this is its online presence. The project aims to document and analyse the theatrical and literary interest in Greek texts and drama. This aim is accomplished through two broad aspects of the project. First, the project is publishing a series of case studies which examine relationships between the ancient texts and their corresponding modern creative art forms. Second, the project is developing a database of performances staged in the late twentieth century. Evidence is drawn from programmes, acting scripts, interviews and other texts. The Reception of Classical Texts database can be searched online after registration. A Poetry database is under development. The project publishes two peer-reviewed ejournals: New Voices and Practitioners' Voices, which are available from the website, as is the series of critical essays: 'Documenting and Researching Modern Productions of Greek Drama: The Sources'. The project has set up an electronic seminar series to enable informal contact and discussion among researchers working in the area, and these eseminars are archived and available on the project site (going back to 1998). The website also contains: information about the project and its methodology; a list of project publications; a specialist bibliography of material relating to modern productions of ancient Greek drama; and information about their Masks Workshop (2000). The project publishes listings of current and forthcoming productions in UK & Ireland and conferences, seminars and lectures, and the site makes avalable a list of links to related online resources.
The website Classical Studies FAQs features a list of frequently asked questions (FAQs), along with answers, from the humanities.classics newsgroup. Although the site is neither attractive nor easy to navigate, it nonetheless acts as a useful electronic reference tool on a variety of topics for students beginning a study of classical languages and civilisation. The opening query answered by the page is 'What is Classics?' and further information presented includes: pronunciation of Greek and Latin; the use of English translations; a list of important ancient authors with key facts about them; details of the Roman calendar; and a brief timeline of ancient history. There are also bibliographies of works on the Latin and Greek languages ranging from beginners' to advanced level, along with information on Classics bookships, electronically available ancient texts and radio broadcasts in Latin.
Hosted by the University of Liverpool's School of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology, Classics 08 is a website aimed at non-classicists as well as at those already involved in studying the ancient world. Its primary focus is on events hosted by a variety of classical clubs which encourage and support the study of the ancient Latin and Greek languages and classical society. In particular, these clubs aim to provide help for schools wishing to introduce classical subjects into their curricula. Of special interest to those involved in the teaching or study of ancient Greek, whether at school or university, will be a series of downloadable documents (in PDF format) which introduce clearly and concisely the basic aspects of the language. These provide a structured approach to the teaching of Greek to GCSE level and include: information on key aspects of grammar; translation exercises; and important vocabulary. The website also provides details of events hosted by the project, including: study days; summer schools; theatre workshops; guided tours of museums and classical sites; and social events. There is also a page of links to other websites of interest to classicists.
The Oxford University Classics website provides details about the sub-faculties of Classical Languages and Literature, and Ancient History. It includes: online listings of lectures, seminars and events; a gateway of online classical resources; information on a range of current research projects in Classics; contact details of faculty members; Oxford Classics job advertisements; and details of undergraduate and graduate courses, as well as of the application procedures for prospective students. One of the most useful features of the resource is, however, the access which it provides to online bibliographies to the classical subjects taught at the University of Oxford.
This is a weblog (blog) devoted to reporting the use and abuse of Classics in the modern world. The author collates Internet-based media articles which relate to the ways in which Classics continues to influence contemporary culture and the media; the site is therefore a useful illustration of the continuing relevance of the study of the ancient world. The range of topics covered is vast, with blog posts being divided into sections whose headings include, for example: art and architecture; celebrities; education; medicine; philosophy; sport; and television. Links are also given to a wealth of other online resources relating to the legacy of Greece and Rome.
The Classics Online Gateway, from the Joint Association of Classical Teachers (JACT) is an evolving Web resource which lists Classics outreach services in the UK available to schools, community groups and individuals either free of charge or at minimal cost. Types of services which are listed here are: sources of advice; visiting speakers; study days; artefact-handling workshops; drama workshops; historical re-enactment; grant awarding bodies; magazines; blogs, discussion boards and forums; and websites with free resources. Providers of such services register their details by completing a form on the website, and users of the site may search according to their geographical area and the type of service they are looking for. This unique website promises to become an invaluable resource for bringing together practitioners and users of classical outreach projects.
Andrew Wilson's Classics Pages form an extensive and well-designed website devoted to all aspects of ancient Greece and Rome. Several of the features have an interactive element, and there is something here to appeal to all levels of interest, from school to university teaching. A huge range of topics is covered here, with featured sections on: Greek literature (Homer's Iliad, Sappho, Aeschylus' Agamemnon, Sophocles' Oedipus and Antigone, Euripides, Aristophanes' Lysistrata and Peace, and Lucian); Latin literature (Catullus, Sulpicia, Virgil, Horace, Propertius and Apuleius, with extracts from texts in English and Latin); Plato's philosophy; a guide to figures from Greek mythology; an introduction to Greek architecture, pottery and sculpture (with images of artefacts); women in ancient Greece; the symposium; ancient technology; Eros; the Olympic Games; oracles; and the archaeology of ancient Greece and Sicily (accompanied by photographs and interactive tours of ancient sites). There is also a commentary, notes and vocabulary for Andrew Wilson's ancient Greek translation of Harry Potter. A lighthearted entertainment section features: quizzes and word games; rude Latin; classical phrases in everyday usage; the etymology of modern English names and words; and famous people who have had a classical education. The site is searchable by keyword, and if the search does not return an answer then the author is open to receiving email questions on any aspect of Classics. This resource is an excellent example the way in which the classical world can be made accessible to the current generation.
Created by David Parsons, a former teacher of Latin, Greek and Classical Civilisation, this website contains a range of resources on classical subjects. Although ostensibly aimed primarily at schoolteachers, there is much here which will be of use to students approaching the study of the classical world for the first time. Some of the diverse topics covered here include: the Greek theatre; images of Roman sites in Germany; an English translation (by David Parsons) of Ausonius' Mosella; extracts from Virgil's Aeneid in both Latin and English translation; and poetry relating to aspects of Roman Britain. The author also provides the full text of lectures which he has delivered on the following topics: poetry and the god Pan; pastoral literature; accelerated Latin learning; and Roman shoes. There are also lists of links to other classics resources on the Web.
The Classics Technology Center is a website which provides a wealth of free electronic resources for the teaching and learning of Classics-based subjects. These range from school to university level and cover Greek and Latin languages, ancient history, archaeology and literature, as well as more general material and teaching tools to help with the use of web-based Classics resources. Also featured are pedagogical guidelines for teachers of Latin and Greek, and advice from classicists relating to the teaching of a range of topics based on personal teaching experience (themes covered include: classical literature; the Olympics; Alexander the Great; Latin mottoes; Roman gladiators; Plato; Troy; the Greek gods; Latin and Greek languages). There is also a 'showcase' of academic papers on teaching Classics, an extensive glossary of Greek and Latin terms, and a variety of word games and trivia quizzes, including a classical crossword. There is so much material here that the site can be difficult to navigate but teachers of classical topics will find that it is certainly worth spending time exploring what is available.
Classics Unveiled is a series of web pages on a range of classical themes aimed primarily at school-level students and enthusiasts of the classical world. It is divided into four main sub-sections entitled: MythNET; Rome Unleashed; Rome Exposed; and Latin Wordstock. MythNET looks at ancient Greek and Roman mythology and features sections on gods and heroes, with brief details of key figures and stories from mythology. The section entitled Rome Unleashed focuses on the history of Rome and is arranged chronologically, with subdivisions on: From City to Empire (755-27BC); Imperial Regime (27-BC-102AD); Imperial Peace (102-192AD); Troubled Century (192-280AD); and Restoration and Fall (280-476AD). Each part contains short summaries of key events in Roman history. There are also timelines for each era and a list of Roman rulers. In the Rome Exposed section the focus is social history, with information on: Roman homes; the family; slavery; dress; cuisine; games, exercises and baths; entertainment; religion; and death. Finally, Latin Wordstock is a limited list of Latin vocabulary along with pages on English words derived from Latin roots. This site, whilst it tries to offer a wide range of information, succeeds in providing only an introductory overview of the topics covered. It would therefore be of most use to those new to the study of the classical world.
This is an umbrella website for the promotion of the study of the Classics in the United Kingdom, which is aimed both at schools and universities, in particular to encourage more students to take up courses at both levels. The site aims to answer questions such as 'why study Classics?' and provides information about studying classical subjects at a variety of institutions, as well as highlighting the role of the classical world in popular culture, film and the media. Links are given to the websites of the major associations promoting Classics in the UK, as well as to other online resources of interest to the classicist (this is organised by theme). A short reading list also provides a guide to some introductory works on the classical world for those interested in finding out more. This is an ideal site for prospective undergraduate students or those already engaged in the study of the ancient Greek and Roman world.
Classics@ is an online peer reviewed journal published by the Center for Hellenic Studies at Harvard University, which aims to bring contemporary classical scholarship to a wide Internet audience. Each issue dedicated to in-depth exploration of a single important problem in the field of Classics. Volume 1 is devoted to the 600 new lines of Hellenistic epigrammatic poetry attributed to Posidippus of Pella (fl. 300) discovered in the wrappings of an Egyptian mummy in 2001, and provides introductory material, translations and commentary based on original Italian edition. The Internet format allows on-going revision of the texts and their interpretation and facilitates academic discussion. Volume two is a valuable series of papers on the nature and future of electronic publication in classics ('Ancient Mediterranean cultural informatics') based on a workshop at the CHS in 2003, with articles on the issue of reconciling traditional standards and conventions of text editions with the technical potential of the Web. The text of each issue is regarded as an in-progress project which is subject to future revision so will lack the static nature of traditional journals and allow rapid dissemination of new research.
This website brings together film studies, costume history and the reception of Classics by examining portrayals of the clothes worn by the figure of Cleopatra on stage and screen. It begins with an examination of the ancient sources in an attempt to deduce what Cleopatra (69-30 BC) really wore, and further sections then take a chronological look at the theatrical dress given to Cleopatra since 1604. Inevitably much of the text focuses on performances of William Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra (first presented in 1606) through the centuries, but there is also information on other versions of the story, including Dryden's All For Love (1677), Sardou's Cleopatra (1890) and Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra (1906). Where movies are concerned, attention is paid to the film versions of the above plays as well as to other screen Cleopatras, including her character in Serpent of the Nile (1953), The Story of Mankind (1957), A Queen For Caesar (1962), Cleopatra (1963, with Elizabeth Taylor in the title role) and Carry on Cleo (1965). Each section is accompanied by images, quotations from press reviews and bibliography. There is also a brief chronological list of stage and screen Cleopatras for quick reference.
The Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum (CSL), part of the Forum Romanum site, is a collaborative project among scholars from a variety of disciplines with the main purpose of creating a digital library of the entire body of Latin literature, including translations and commentaries. This resource represents the first phase of this project by providing a comprehensive index to all available text editions on the Internet together with supplementary texts and resources. The website can be searched by author, title, genre or date, or browsed by author; other indices are still being compiled so are not yet available for browsing. The list of available authors and writings is impressive, from the earliest inscriptions recording the Latin language to Neo-Latin writers of the 18th century, although many texts remains to be added and the editors solicit contributions from interested scholars.
Other links provide access to secondary sources which are out of copyright; these include Johnson's 'Private life of the Romans' (1903), Morley's 'Outline of Roman history' and Buck's Grammar of Oscan and Umbrian (1904), though the latter is now very dated. Individual pages are enhanced by scenes from the ancient world imagined by 18th and 19th century painters. In its present state this resource will benefit more advanced students and scholars of classics and related subjects. The many links to translated texts will also benefit undergraduates, although the latter will need to exercise judgement in using old or out-of-date editions and translations which may not represent modern scholarship.
Curculio is a weblog (blog) whose main focus is Classics, featuring regularly-updated articles on trivia relating to the ancient world, with a particular emphasis on Latin language and literature. Examples of highlighted topics include: Latin Scrabble; the etymology of modern English words; classical conferences; textual commentaries; and other Classics blogs. The home page also contains links to critical editions of some classical Latin texts produced by the site's author, Michael Hendry. These include the Elegies of Propertius (first century BC), Juvenal's Satires (second century AD) and the poetry of Claudian (late fourth century AD). Also featured are and a series of teaching tools in the form of annotated extracts from Propertius, Martial, Aulus Gellius and Seneca. There is also a quiz on Latin animal noises, a page on ancient jokes and two Greek crosswords.
'Demos : Classical Athenian democracy' is a on-going digital project aiming to provide a comprehensive online guide to Athenian political life in the 5th and 4th centuries BC in a fully interactive, hypertext medium. This attractively presented digital encyclopaedia, sponsored and published by the Stoa Consortium, makes extensive use of original historical and epigraphic source material as well as providing detailed essays on many aspects of the political institutions and leaders of Athens in the classical period. Extensively cross-referenced with the Perseus project, the resource also includes much iconographic material and many bibliographic citations. The long-term aim is to provide information on many aspects of Athenian life in this period for a wide audience at all levels of academic and general interest. Useful features include: details of tribal heroes and personifications of political and social ideas; a series of essays on ancient historians and literary genres; a section on the nature of the sources themselves; and a list of relevant inscriptions and potted accounts of political institutions. A general A-Z index is complemented by a more specialised index of historical sources. All of the major articles can be downloaded as PDF files. Other useful features include a series of FAQs and a guide to work-in-progress. This useful and stimulating website will benefit students, teachers and researchers in ancient history, classics and classical archaeology as well as those from the wider disciplines of politics and sociology who are interested in a comparative and historical perspective.
The Detective and the Toga is a website devoted to mystery novels which are set in and around ancient Rome, and as such will appeal to those interested in the modern reception and adaptation of ancient history as well as to those with a penchant for historical crime fiction. The site's main feature is a list of novels, arranged according to the language in which they are written (most major European languages feature, along with Japanese). The user may also browse by author, date of publication or the ancient time period in which the novels are set. Many of the entries feature a précis of the plot as well as publication details. Information about the authors is also given. Featured authors include Lindsey Davis (author of the Falco mysteries), Caroline Lawrence, John Maddox Roberts (SPQR series author), Rosemary Rowe (inventor of the detective Libertus), Steven W. Saylor, Marilyn Todd and David Wishart. Forthcoming titles are included as well as those already published.
This website makes available the full-text edition of the "Dictionnaire des antiquités Grecques et Romains d'après les textes et les monuments" [Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities according to the texts and the monuments] compiled by Daremberg and Saglio and first published in fascicles between 1877 and 1906. The pages of all five volumes have been scanned and can be browsed page by page as pictures (preferred; individual pages can be saved) or text (without drawings); it is also possible to search for keywords ("effectuer une recherche") or access the index of articles by clicking on the letters. There is a short video presentation (in French) accessible from the home page. A newer version with additional data added to each entry is planned for the future; at the time of review several options accessible from individual entry return an error. The "Daremberg", as this dictionary is called, is still a valid source of information and may be used by all experienced classicists, who can read French.
'Didaskalia: Ancient Theatre Today' (ISSN 1321-4853) is an English-language Web resource that combines an online full-text journal with short introductory essays. There are also listings and links to ancient theatre resources online. The online journal, published sporadically since 1994, covers modern performances of Greek and Roman music, drama and dance. At September 2008 there are 21 issues available online. Each issue carries a mixture of features, performance and book reviews. Themes have included: Masks; Tantalus; Electra; crossing the ancient stage; Homeric epic; contemporary research trends and electronic initiatives in ancient theatre studies. Contributors to the journal have included scholars and theatre professionals. This is a useful resource for anyone interested in ancient theatre in general or in its modern performance and reception in particular.
Digital Classicist is a website and virtual community of classical and/or ancient world scholars with an interest in digital technology and humanities computing. This project is a platform for scholars and interested experts in the international and polyglot community to: discuss problems; share experiences; post news and advice; and go to for help on all matters digital and classical. The website contains: a list of Classics projects utilising technology; links to relevant tools, links and guides (EpiDoc XML Mark-up for epigraphy; Introduction to Structured Mark-Up; Unicode Polytonic Greek etc); an interactive WikiFAQ; and various guidelines. There are no charges to use the site or requirements to sign up, although there is a mailing list that can be joined. The site is also available in: French; German; and Italian. The Digital Classicist is hosted by the Centre for Computing in the Humanities at Kings College London.
Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project is an online collection of digital photographs and measurements based on a large marble street plan of the ancient city, completed around the start of the third century AD. Parts of it survive in numerous fragments, the assembly of which into a coherent 'jigsaw' has long challenged archaeologists. Stanford University's Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project has collected high definition digital photographs and computer measurements of the 1186 surviving fragments (these may be viewed here) and is now aiming to develop computer algorithms that might help to establish a more useful searchable version of the map. The user interface for the selection from Stanford's database which been made so far is available online. This site, though, is the news page for the technical side of the project. It contains a detailed description of the process which the Stanford team is developing, which will be of interest to those who seek to bring the latest technology to bear on ancient problems. The site also offers background information on the original map itself, as well as a detailed annotated bibliography of relevant reference works. There are also useful press reports and news updates about the progress of the project.
Digressus, launched in 2001, is a fully refereed online journal whose primary aim is to provide opportunities for graduate students in classics and related subjects to publish book reviews and articles in their subject areas. Articles deal with a wide variety of aspects of the classical world, including ancient Greek and Roman history, literature, philosophy, art and archaeology. The journal also features reviews of academic books. A collaborative project between the Universities of Nottingham and Birmingham, the journal accepts reviews and articles in English, German, French, Italian and Spanish as well as publishing proceedings of conferences. The papers are presented in PDF format. The resource also includes a guide for contributors and a page of external links to conferences and events of interest to classicists; the editors invite their readers to submit news and information for inclusion on the website.
The website Diotima: materials for the study of women and gender in the ancient world has been constructed by the Stoa Consortium for Electronic Publication in the Humanities. The resource is called Diotima after a woman praised for her wisdom by Socrates in Plato's Symposium. Resources are concentrated in the field of women in classical antiquity, especially in ancient Greece. There is also information relating to women in the context of Biblical studies, including New Testament Christianity, early Church history and the medieval period. The site offers links to online texts, essays and criticism, bibliographical material and links to image-based resources, including paintings, archaeological images and costume sketches.
'Dr. J's Illustrated Guide to the Classical World' is a mélange of texts, images and weblinks illustrating many aspects of the ancient Greek and Roman World assembled by Dr Janice Siegel of Illinois State University and is designed to open up the world of classical antiquity to students of all levels. This is an on-going project and will be added to over time. It provides much useful supplementary study material for school children and preliminary undergraduate students in Classics, ancient history and classical archaeology. Illustrated lectures and texts feature items on ancient history, myth, drama, art and archaeology sites and art. The many images and photographs are provided by the author herself or else derive from the major archaeological museums of the world. The website, the core of which is the author's personal webpage, is largely designed to facilitate undergraduate appreciation of the Classics in their studies and is particularly suitable for browsing but is also intended to provide learning aids for teachers. Siegel's colloquial text and selection of images draw numerous parallels between the ancient world and modern political and military events. These also serve a didactic purpose for students and faculty, as will the inclusion of course materials and accounts of her teaching experiences since 1994. Other features of the site include a wide-ranging survey of audio-visual teaching resources in classics, available either online or in video or CD versions.
The early Church website covers the history of the Church from its foundation until c.600 CE. This site is a bibliographic guide listing primary and secondary sources by topic. Topics include: the Bible; councils; heresies and sects; famous individuals within the Church (listed alphabetically); ecclesiastical history; philosophy (Aristotle, Plato, Neo-Platonism, Cynicism, Epicurianism and Stoicism); and study aids. The inclusion of non-Christian philosophy means that the coverage period actually dates back to the fifth century BCE, and thus provides a useful bibliography for students of (Classical) philosophy as well as those studying early Christianity. There, are, however, no accompanying descriptions of the books, but given the extensiveness of the lists, this is understandable.The site is maintained by Robert Bradshaw, who has a Cambridge diploma in religious studies from Mattersey Hall (Assemblies of God Bible College).
The website of The Ecole Initiative : The Eleusinian Mysteries is dedicated to the ancient Greek festival held annually in honour of Demeter and Persephone. The Eleusinian Mysteries were the most sacred and revered of all the ritual celebrations of ancient Greece. The website has been compiled by Edward Beach of the University of Wisconsin. The site offers an account of what little is known about the Mysteries, and some of this is necessarily speculative. This includes discussion of the Homeric Hymn to Demeter. The site also offers images of Demeter, Persephone and Eleusis. There is also a bibliography. The resource would primarily be of interest to ancient historians working on Greek religion.
eLatin eGreek eLearn is a website which uses social computing techniques to encourage students and teachers of classical subjects to exchange ideas on the role of technology in Classics. Features include: a blog to which contributors post details of developments in the world of Classics on the internet; information about Classics-related websites, organisations and publications; daily Greek quotations; a 'myPage feature' for members; a discussion forum; and photographs and videos of classical archaeological sites uploaded by members. Users must sign up in order to create their own pages, add images and participate in discussion, but membership is free. The site is a good example of the way in which classical subjects can be made accessible in the modern world.
Elpenor is a website which offers a bilingual anthology of Greek literature, featuring extracts of texts written in ancient, New Testament and modern Greek and accompanied by English translations. These are easily accessible and manageable chunks of original Greek works which could be used as a language learning tool. Both prose and poetry appear here, with featured authors including (among many others): Homer; Thucydides; Aristophanes; Plato; Origen; Plotinus; Gregory of Nyssa; and Cavafy. The site also offers a course in the Greek language, from learning the alphabet to the basics of Greek grammar, accompanied by extracts from original texts. A further section, entitled Libraries, offers: extracts from post-classical authors referring to classical themes or texts (this will be of use to those with an interest in the modern reception of the ancient world); Greek pronunciation audio files; extracts from secondary texts on aspects of the ancient world; a section dedicated to Constantinople; and an image gallery of paintings of Greece. The website also provides a discussion forum, and links to downloadable fonts to enable the user to read or write Greek. Whilst the site offers a range of useful resources, the presence of several advertisements on every page is distracting for the academic user and can make it tedious to navigate.
The Encyclopaedia Romana is an enthusiast's website providing short narrative essays on topics relating to Roman history and culture, and Roman Britain. The essays brought together on the site are arranged under the headings: Nexus (the Roman province of Britannia, and some about Classical Greece); Notae (Roman history and culture); Roma (Roman architecture); and SPQR (the various access options for the information). The topics are of personal interest for the author and are self-evidently the work of a conscientious writer. There is plenty of evidence that the author has checked primary sources (in translation) and secondary sources - bibliographies and relevant online links are given. A more systematic view of the site is provided by the Site Map (a table of contents) or the excellent Site Index (which organises the wide range of topics covered and puts them in alphabetical order).
This is a very simple website containing a complete electronic text (in English translation) of The Discourses by the ancient philosopher Epictetus (c. AD50-120). The Discourses record exchanges between Epictetus and his students after formal teaching had concluded for the day. They are a record of intimate, though earnest, discussions in which Epictetus gets his students to consider carefully what the philosophic life, for a Stoic, consists of, and how to live it oneself. A wide range of topics are touched upon, from friendship to illness, from fear to poverty, on how to acquire and maintain tranquillity, and why we should not be angry with other people. The electronic text is divided into four books, with each book containing several chapters.
ETANA is a cooperative project between ten scholarly institutions and organizations, funded by the Mellon Foundation, with the aim of enabling wider access to Abzu (the Internet gateway for Ancient Near East studies) and the digitization of core texts in the field. At the time of review, there were over 350 digitized texts, covering topics including ancient Egyptian and Babylonian history, biblical archaeology, and the religion of the Semites. There are also over 180 digitized cuneiform texts. Texts include an electronic version of the 'Pantheon Babylonicum: Nomina Deorum e Textibus Cuneiformibus Excerpta et Ordine Alphabetico Distributa' by Deimel, Panara, Patsch and Schneider. The site also offers a short list of links to archaeological projects and organizations affiliated with ETANA. The ETANA core texts collection can be browsed alphabetically, or keyword searches can be performed using the Abzu interface. Abzu also offers details of a vast array of websites, online journals, and ebooks relevant to academics and students working in this area.
Facta et Verba is an online collection of classical electronic texts, produced by a project that describes itself as 'a laboratory that investigates the automatic processing and presentation of data'. In practice, there is little discussion of the theoretical issues surrounding text encoding and presentation to be found in this website, which acts rather as a page allowing the user to see the results of such encoding. Items featured on the site include: an annotated hypertext edition of Suetonius's Vita Augustus, with links to an English translation; text, commentary, translation of and concordance to Boethius' Consolatio Philosophiae; a concordance to Virgil's Aeneid (Book IV); and an extract (in English translation) from Aeschylus' Agamemnon, with commentary (lines 266-316, the section containing Clytemnestra's famous monologue). At the time of writing this review, the site had not been updated since March 2001.
From University College London's Department of History, the website of the Festus Lexicon Project provides comprehensive information on the Lexicon of Festus, or 'De verborum significatu', an encyclopaedic Latin dictionary compiled in the Roman Imperial era. Despite the fragmentary state of the dictionary, it is a rich source of information and citations, from and about the period. It is of use to those interested in Roman history, Latin grammar, legal and antiquarian learning, culture, politics, religion and social aspects of the period. The project will prepare a database of texts, a complete translation, extensive commentary, and bibliography. At the time of cataloguing there were no sample database entries available. There is information about the four main writers conected with the Festus Lexicon: Marcus Terentius Varro; Verrius; Festus; and Paul the Deacon. Also included is a bibliography of secondary works. Working from an eleventh century text, the project team aims to reconstruct the lexicon from medieval tomes, glossaries, and manuscripts. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
Fictional Rome is an online database of bibliographic and related information about English-language novels set in the ancient Roman world. The time-span for the project is from the days of the Republic to the close of the Western Empire in the sixth century. The database currently holds over 1500 entries. A selection of the titles have short reviews attached to them. The database can be searched by name, title, date of publication, subject, location and level. Each title has also been allocated a 'period code' which enables retrieval of titles relating to a general period or a specific emperor's reign. A typical record will also include a description of the subject matter (including whether Jewish, Christian or Pagan), and some indication of how the work has been rated by one of the project's reviewers. The site also includes: a short story database; browsing by author; a selection of essays about historical novels; basic information and links about non-fictional characters of the period; a time-line, discussion area and links to further resources. This extensive resource will be of particular value to those interested in the reception of ancient Rome in modern times.
This online resource is based around a description of the five orders of classical architecture, written by Julian Small. The resource is a sub-section of a larger website dedicated to the architecture of the Scottish architect Robert Adam (1728-1792). The site consists of several short essays, the first of which is a general description of classical architecture. The user may then click on links within this first essay in order to access discussions of the following orders of architecture: Doric; Ionic; Corinthian; Tuscan; and Composite. Each essay introduces the reader to key terminology and the development of the orders in ancient Greece and Rome and is accompanied by images of buildings designed by Robert Adam which exemplify the characteristics of each order. The site will be of use to those studying classical architecture for the first time as well as to those who are interested in looking at the continuing influence of the ancient world in modern society.
Forum Romanum is a website which provides several useful resources for classics. The core element of the resource is the Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum (CSL) which is a digital library of Latin literature. Authors are listed alphabetically and the user can access Latin texts, translations (in English and occasionally in other European languages) and in some cases secondary material available online. Included are texts from the earliest epigraphic documents to 18th century neo-Latinists. As well as the CSL, Forum Romanum also makes available online some reproduced out of copyright texts: H.W. Johnston's Private Life of the Romans (1903, revised by Mary Johnston in 1932); William C. Morey's Outlines of Roman History (1901); and John Stewart Milne's Surgical Instruments in Greek and Roman Times (1907). The individual chapters of each work can be viewed in a clear user-friendly format.
This is the online presence of Friends of Classics, a charity devoted to promoting the study of classical civilisations in schools, particularly by funding the purchase of essential books, as well as organising social events for its members. The website provides details of the charity's mission and activities, as well as detailing the procedure for schools who wish to obtain funding. The site also features a series of blogs on the following topics: contemporary news items relevant to classicists; a calendar of the society's activities; reviews of relevant publications; and the 'Ancient and Modern' column written by one of the charity's co-founders, Peter Jones, for the Spectator magazine. The site will be of particular interest to those involved in teaching classical subjects at any level, not least for the way in which it provides insights into the continuing relevance of classical matters in the modern world.
George Ortiz spent over 40 years collecting works of art, and this website publishes online the complete corpus of his private collection. His predominant interest is Greece, and this is reflected in the dominance of Greek objects, ranging from a Neolithic steatopygus idol of the sixth millenium BC to a Late Hellenistic glass bowl of the first century AD. The collection is particularly rich in small archaic and classical bronzes. There are smaller quantities of Ancient Near Eastern, Egyptian, Etruscan, Achaemenid and Romance artefacts, and the total of 280 pieces also includes Polynesian, American, Chinese and African works amongst others. The website is attractively simple in presentation and each entry includes a photograph that can be enlarged and a well-written and referenced commentary. Twenty items can be viewed in 3-D, but QuickTime needs to be installed. There is also a search facility, and a glossary of relevant terms relating to ethnography and archaeology.
Published to accompany an exhibition on the second golden age of Byzantine art (843-1261) held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, from March 11 to July 6, 1997, this website includes examples of art from the first golden age of Byzantine art (324-730) and the later period ending with the Turkish conquest in 1453. The online exhibition includes various pieces of art (busts, caskets and medallions), which range from the time of Constantine (AD 324) to 1453. There is also a brief history of Byzantium, which is divided into the early (324-730 CE), middle (843-1261 CE) and late (1261-1453 CE) periods. The website consists of: enlargeable images of the works of art; a section on the themes in Byzantine art; a history of Byzantium; and a glossary. In addition, there is a 'teacher resources' section designed to introduce schoolchildren to Byzantine works of art, providing several examples which serve as starting points for discussions. Useful elements include a timeline of important dates and an extensive glossary. A brief description accompanies each image, and the pictures can be enlarged for a more detailed view. The images are clear and well-photographed, but the collection of images is only small (numbering only 15 items).
This online resource provides an alphabetical quick reference guide of rhetorical terms, indexed alphabetically from alliteration to zeugma. Descriptions are succinct and are complemented well by the examples given. In many instances links are provided from the examples given to an electronic version of the text cited at the Perseus Digital Library website. These links usefully take the visitor to the precise point in the text from which the examples is given. The examples are predominantly from classical texts, but others are from modern and early modern sources. The resource is provided by Ross Scaife of the Department of Modern and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Cultures at the University of Kentucky.
This website is the online presence of Gnomon, a bibliographic database for Classics. Gnomon is is available in two forms: Gnomon Online, and Gnomon Bibliographische Datenbank (GBD) on CD-ROM (GBD is the more comprehensive version). The user-interface is in German, French or English. The main feature of Gnomon is its thesaurus of 5500 names, places, themes, and other terms associated with the ancient world. This thesaurus is organized hierarchically, with major entries for philosophy, epigraphy, topography, history, and so on. Under each term, further sub-terms are listed. All articles are catalogued in the usual way (by author, title and so on), and by thesaurus terms. The thesaurus can also be used for searching. One can select terms from the thesaurus and retrieve a list of all citations associated with the term. Results give a list of all citations, and all thesaurus terms used for each citation are given. Clicking on any thesaurus term will yield a list of all associated references.
"Grand" is a website about the Gallo-Roman Sanctuary site at Grand, located in the North-West of France in the Vosges Department, which was first excavated in the early 19th century, when the substantial amphitheatre attracted scholarly interests. Later excavations, during the late 19th and 20th centuries, helped uncover and record the amphitheatre, the sanctuary's ramparts and several large, very well-preserved mosaics. The sanctuary's lack of water supply, in a region where drought was common, was puzzling until the discovery of over 300 wells, connected by a 15km long complex of underground galleries for running water, sometimes at a depth of over 12 metres. The website provides a description of the archaeological site itself, rather than the separate excavations undertaken. Photographic images coupled with hand-drawn reconstructions provide support to the text.
This online resource is designed to introduce undergraduate students to science and technology in ancient Greece and Rome. The resource features: an alphabetical 'Who's who' giving brief biographical details for key individuals; information about important inventions and technical innovations; and a chronological table putting scientific developments into their wider historical context. There is also a section which deals with specifice scientific subjects. This covers the following: astronomy; biology and medicine; engineering; geography; mathematics; physics; mechanics; and engineering. An article on each topic gives an overview, with hyperlinks to other pages on the relevant personalities and inventions. The site is being developed by Dr Tracey Rihll as part of her undergraduate teaching and research programme at the University of Swansea and includes some student papers containing text and photos of some of the practical projects submitted by level 2 students on her technology and engineering module. There are also links to external sites which provide online versions of relevant ancient texts.
The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston holds one of the premier collections of Greek and Roman antiquities, and this Web page, part of the Museum's online collections database, presents a range of works associated with Greek mythology from the 6th century BC to the 3rd century AD. The media include painted vases, stone and bronze sculpture, coins and jewellery. There are in total 137 objects, and they can be arranged according to catalogue reference, accession number, culture (e.g., Mycenean, Archaic Greek, South Italian), subject or artist name. Some excellent and famous pieces are included, such as the Dokimasia Painter's 'Oresteia' calyx-krater, the 'Boston throne' and the 'Bartlett' Aphrodite head. The major Greco-Roman gods are illustrated, as are a number of depictions of Medusa, Herakles performing his labours, and other mythological figures, such as genii on Roman sarcophagi. There is a search facility that covers everything within the online collection. Each entry is accompanied by a description of the content, date, size and the musuem inventory number. No bibliography is detailed, but details of provenance/ ownership history are included. Perhaps the most useful aspect of this resource are the photos that accompany the text.. The photos are of high quality and the interactive zoom feature produces details of fine quality that enable close scrutiny.
The Greek Mythology Link is a vast online repository of detailed information on Greek myths. Created by Carlos Parada, it is based partly on his book 'Genealogical Guide to Greek Mythology' (Jonsered, 1993), and thus pays particular attention to the relationships of mythical characters with one another. It bases its information on primary sources, all of which are collated in the bibliography. The site consists of key sections which cover the following: 'Biographies' (outlining the roles, deeds and relationships of the gods, men, women, personifications and monsters in the mythical stories); 'Groups' (referring to the collectives which populate Greek mythology); 'Places and Peoples' (on the mythical history of cities and regions that feature in Greek mythology, such as Corinth, Troy and Ionia, as well as the Underworld), an extensive dictionary of mythological characters and places; a catalogue of images (primarily showing pictures of post-classical illustrations and sculptures dealing with the ancient myths). There are also illustrated essays on the myths in general, divinities, events, and a section of varia, including 'Murders', 'Life and Deeds of the Pelopides' and 'Disney's Hercules and Original Hercules compared'. The site is fully searchable and each page contains hyperlinks which direct the reader to other relevant articles within the resource. Justifiably, the site has received a number of awards, and should be a primary resource for anyone interested in Greek mythology and its reception in modern times.
The website accompanies the PBS documentary series "The Greeks : Crucible of Civilization". One focus of the televised series was on individuals, and the website devotes mini-sections to Cleisthenes, Themistocles, Pericles, Aspasia and Socrates. Each outlines their importance in Athenian politics and life, and there are links to diverse related subjects, such as: the role of Greek women; ostracism; how Pisistratus took power; and the Sophists. Each short account is written in the lucid manner that typified the television series, and most of the illustrations are taken from the series. All of these background pages can be accessed from the site index, under the broad topics of: Greek politcs; culture; warfare; architecture; other people in Greek history; and other places and cultures. A time-line provides access to key dates and events. "The Acropolis Experience" offers 3D animation of the Parthenon and information on how it was built. This section requires Quicktime. "The Greeks Interactive" helps the user to get an idea of Athenian life, including a guide to pronunciation of Ancient Greek, an interactive map of Athens and the Piraeus. The "Life in Athens" section, in which one can find out who you might have been if you had lived in Ancient Athens requires Flash 4. There is also information on the making of the series and lesson plans based on the programmes. The site serves as an excellent source of information to accompany a ground-breaking documentary series.
The higher education Academy Subject Centre for History, Classics & Archaeology replaces the former Learning and Teaching Support Network (LTSN) for these disciplines. Established by UK higher education (HE) funding bodies, the subject centres aim to promote high quality learning and teaching in all subject disciplines in higher education. The centres support the sharing of innovation and good practices in learning and teaching including the use, where appropriate, of communications and information technology (C&IT). The Centre for History, Classics, and Archaeology website includes: a calendar of forthcoming events; online editions of the Centre's newsletter, Learning and Teaching in history, classics and archaeology; briefing papers (e.g. Searching for Course Material on the World Wide Web); software reviews; a bibliography for history teaching and learning; a tutorial on Reading Archaeology textbooks; and full contact details. In addition, each subject area has its own separate area with more specific resources, including case studies. The Centre makes available small grants for the development of teaching and learning in history, classics (including ancient history), archaeology, and cognate disciplines. Some publications are downloadable in PDF format. Links to external sites that may be of interest are also provided.
This is the home page of the Department of History at the University of Zurich, the section of East European history. The site provides basic information in the form of contact details and profiles for all affiliated faculty, and schedules and topics for its course offerings. It also has pages to advise students on course requirements. The research projects of the staff, past and ongoing are presented to great length. The subsite of the library of the history department inform about the new acquisitions and the Russian archival holdings. The department has newly uploaded a link to its e-learning offers. The links from the department's site lead to the Swiss portal of East European studies, the research possibilities for secondary literature on Eastern Europe and to the webpages of libraries in various countries from Central and Eastern Europe.
"The History of the Theatre" by Oskar Brockett and Franklin Hildy traces the course of dramatic performance from its origins, through European theatre of the Middle Ages, to the dramas of Europe and America in the modern period. It also includes chapters on Asian and African theatre. This website is a companion to this important book, and has a twofold aim. Firstly, to provide updates to the text, and secondly to deploy new technology to develop new approaches to the study of the theatre. The website is of principal value for its list of links, organised chapter by chapter. These provide a much-needed and useful resource for a prospective student. Although not intended to be comprehensive, a wide range of websites are included, ranging from large academic projects, such as Perseus and the University of Virginia's Electronic Text Center to individual pages of scholars and tutors. The website accompanies the eighth edition and updates to the text are limited. However, the book is now in its ninth edition, and a companion website introduces the alterations (mainly the reorganisation of chapters) and has an appendix on the nature of theatre history that is omitted from the text.
The House of Ptolemy is a resource guide, intended as a study aid and to provide bibliographical material for students of Greco-Roman Egypt. The main focus of the site, as its name suggests, is the period of the Ptolemaic kings (331 BCE - 30 BCE), descendants of Macedonian Greeks. There are also compendious sections on Roman, Byzantine and modern Egypt. Within these periods, links are arranged by theme into sets and subsets, in a fashion that is generally clear and efficient. Topics covered include: historical overviews; Ptolemaic numismatics; Ptolemaic genealogy and king lists; the transition to Roman provincial Egypt; the city of Alexandria; the culture of Ptolemaic Egypt; the Ptolemaic empire outside Egypt; the Jews of Egypt. Most of the links are presented with a comment from the site's author: this is a personal list, not a faculty or institutional webpage. The selection of items is therefore prone to subjectivity and its completeness cannot be guaranteed; furthermore, material of widely varying intellectual depth, rigour, and specialisation is included among the links. At the time of writing this review, the site was last updated in 2002 - this meant that some of the links were no longer functional. Nonetheless, there is a wealth of material here, well organised; the numerous awards garnered by the page indicate its worth. This site is a useful starting point for students.
HyperEpos: Epic on the Internet is an annotated web gateway for those interested in both Classical (Greek and Roman) epic poetry, and English language epics from the Middle Ages to the present day. In addition to the more familiar categories of Renaissance and Medieval epic, the site lists an extensive number of sub-genres. These include Women's epic, American epic, Modernist epic and Contemporary epic. A further category, Non-Western epic, provides a range of resources for the study of texts such as the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, and the Epic of Shahnameh Ferdowsi. The site covers Indian epic, African epic, Arabic epic, Japanese epic, and Turkish and Persian epic. Resources on these topics include texts, commentaries, and translations.The site is a valuable resource for genre-based study and would be particularly useful for students and scholars working on comparative or cross-cultural studies.
The website of the Institute of Classical Studies Library, Joint Library of the Hellenic and Roman Societies provides information about the libraries' opening hours, facilities and collections. The housing of the Hellenic and Roman Societies' libraries in one unit provides significant advantages for researchers and students of Classics, in conjunction with the Institute of Classical Studies, part of the University of London's School of Advanced Study (SAS). Users may search the library catalogues via this website, which also lists recent acquisitions, journals, computing resources, databases and other electronic resources held by the libraries. There is also a blog relating to the library.
The Internet Classics Archive offers access to online editions of classical texts. It currently offers over four hundred works by over fifty different authors, primarily Greek and Roman but also some Chinese (for example Confucius) and Persian (for example Omar Khayyam). All texts are in translation. The site offers a facility (through a link to the Perseus website) by which texts can be searched by work, author or by the entire archive. Users can view brief biographical information on each author through links to the online Encyclopaedia Britannica. The site has been affected by some technical problems which mean that searches can be slow. This is a resource which would mainly be of use to undergraduates looking for translations of major texts. It would be less useful for advanced or specialist research.
This website provides a lecture-style illustrated introduction to ancient Greek and Roman comedy, an excellent overview (by Roger Dunkle of the Classics Department of Brooklyn College) of the subject for school and undergraduate level students of classics and related disciplines. The 29 sections introduce the origins of classical comedy and its role in the religious festivals of Athens, which were established in honour of the god Dionysius. It particularly relates to the Great (or City) Dionysia, one of the two Dionysian festivals (the other being the Rural Dionysia) that was probably established in the 6th century BC, but that is best documented from the 5th century BC onwards. The website outlines the form and function of the theatres and their technical equipment with reference to surviving literary, iconographic and archaeological evidence. There is much useful information on genre, aspects of performance, the role of actors and chorus, and on music, as well as a modest bibliography suitable for undergraduate reading. The text is hypertexted throughout to the Perseus digital library for convenient reference, which makes it an ideal online resource for students taking classical civilisation at an elementary level.
This online resource is a clearly-written and well-illustrated introduction to Greek tragedy aimed at undergraduates studying Classics and related subjects, by Roger Dunkle of the Classics Department of Brooklyn College, New York. Presented in lecture form, the course consists of 24 sections which include the following: an explanation of the origins of tragedy in the religious festivals of ancient Greece (particularly the City Dionysia in Athens); information about the locations of ancient theatres and an analysis of their architectural and technical details; a discussion of the written and iconographic sources for the Greek theatre; and sections on the actors, chorus, music and production of a play. The only drawback is the absence of a bibliography or of sources for the archaeological material such as the admirable series of painted vase scenes which reflect the origin of the text in the lecture hall. Nonetheless, the resource will benefit school and undergraduate students of ancient literature and society, as well as those interested in comparative literature and drama.
Designed for both students and teachers of Classics, this is the website for the Joint Association of Classical Teachers (JACT), an organisation which promotes the teaching and learning of classics in schools and universities. JACT provides an information service for classicists, offering details of forthcoming events, productions of Greek plays and JACT summer schools for intensive study in Greek and Latin. The website also features: details of how to join or contact JACT; a range of teaching resources for Latin, Greek, Classical Civilisation and Ancient History in schools; information for teachers (including examination syllabi, announcements of job vacancies, school trips related to Classics, and specialist book stores); details of JACT's journals, 'Omnibus' and 'Journal of Classics Teaching' (with sample articles available online); information on projects supported by JACT; links to other Classics-related websites. Also featured is 'The Good Text Guide', a searchable guide to recommended editions of ancient texts.
These pages collect together online a vast range of excellent teaching materials for classical subjects compiled by John R Porter, an associate professor of history at the University of Saskatchewan. A variety of aspects of Greek and Roman culture and civilisation feature here, including literature, history, art and archaeology. Although they relate to specific courses taught at the University the notes relate to key themes of most classical syllabi and will therefore be of use to both students and teachers elsewhere. Broad topics which are covered include: Homer's Iliad; fifth-century BC Athens; Greek tragedy (Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides), comedy (Aristophanes) and historiography (Herodotus and Thucydides); Roman republican and early imperial history; Latin poetry (Catullus, Virgil and Ovid); Latin satire (Petronius); daily life in antiquity (including education, dress, food, women's life, slavery, and entertainment). Each section features detailed notes on themes, historical periods or individual authors and texts; bibliographies and chronological tables are also given.
The website of the Commission for ancient literature and Latin tradition at the division of the Austrian Academy of Sciences is devoted to research in Classics and provides a range of useful resources for classicists and ancient historians namely: a list of reviews published in the journal Wiener Studien from 1998 onwards; a Homeric bibliography from 1978-1992; fascinating pages on Homeric singing, ancient Greek music and Classical Greek pronunciation with audio links to recordings of reconstructed ancient Greek sounds; a section on the role of classical myth in the Renaissance provides the texts of books such as Boccaccio's Genealogie deorum gentilium (1951 Romano edition) and Gyraldus's Historiae deorum gentilium of 1548 which can be downloaded as PDF files. This is largely a specialist resource which will appeal to students and researchers in the classics and philology.
The Ancient Greek Music subsite - for example - consists of recordings of all published fragments of ancient Greek music which comprise more than a few notes, ranging in date from the 5th century BC to the 3rd century AD. The recordings, edited and arranged by Stefan Hagel of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, are based on texts published in West's Ancient Greek Music (Oxford 1992) and Pöhlmann's Dënkmaler Altgriechischer Musik (Nürnburg 1970). Subscription is free and users may download copies for personal and academic use. RealPlayer or Midi audio packages are required to listen to the fragments though some sound distortion may result depending on the hardware used. While ostensibly an academic resource for classicists, ancient historians and musicologists, this website will interest students and teachers of classical studies in schools as well as the general public who can experience the thrill of hearing ancient music resurrected in this way.
The Last Days of Socrates is a website designed by two faculty members of Clarke College, Iowa, and intended to provide help for those students who are reading the work of Socrates (469-399 BC) for the first time (typically first year undergraduates). It provides the complete texts (in English translation) of the Euthyphro, Apology, Crito and the Phaedo, the four central addresses attributed to Socrates and reported by Plato (429-347 BC). Each text is accompanied by explanatory notes of the important philosophical issues such as those that are concerned with Socratic irony, value and reason. The translations include cross-references with clickable links giving explanations of key terms or proper nouns. The site also offers a series of audio links to recordings of extracts from the speeches (RealPlayer is required in order to access these). A less comprehensive Spanish language version of the site is also available.
This website, produced by retired lecturer Julia Bolton Holloway, is concerned with the comedies of the Latin playwright Terence (Publius Terentius Afer, ca 186-159 BCE) and their reception during the medieval period. It provides the Latin texts of his plays Heauton Timoroumenos ('The Self-Tormentor' and Eunuchus, and provides links to other online texts of his works. It also contains medieval texts influenced by the plays of Terence, such as Hrotswitha of Gandesheim's 'Abraham and Mary' and 'Pafnutius and Thais', also in Latin. There are a number of secondary essays about Terence and his legacy, and links to sites about Terence manuscripts and iconography. A bibliography of manuscripts and early printed editions is included, along with medieval illustrations.
This is a list of Latin words containing some eight thousand entries created and maintained by Lynn Nelson at the University of Kansas. It is a straightforward list of words arranged alphabetically, containing duplicates due to the many variant translations suggested. The list can be particularly useful for downloading into a word processor's Latin thesaurus. The resource is part of the Internet Archive, a digital library of Internet resources and digital images.
The Latinteach website is aimed primarily at teachers of Latin in secondary schools, but it is also of interest to those studying Latin. The site offers a wide range of resources for Latin teachers and information on all aspects of teaching the Latin language, including reviews of teaching materials, lesson plans and advice on classroom management. The 'resources' section is an extensive and well-organised annotated gateway arranged by topic; it provides information about, and links to, a vast range of online resources of interest to those teaching Latin (or classics more generally). Sample topics include; methodologies for teaching Latin; promoting Latin, Greek and the classics; Latin quizzes and games; and discussion lists for Latin teachers and learners. The site also hosts a blog and an email discussion forum.
The Library of Ancient Texts Online (LATO) is a gateway site which has been created by Peter Gainsford, a classicist in New Zealand, as a catalogue of online editions of ancient Greek texts, both in the original language and in English or modern Greek translation. The sites are listed alphabetically by ancient author, and alternative online versions are given where they exist. The editor has omitted sites which require a subscription or registration or those which are not easily navigable. This resource will interest in particular school and university students of classics and related subjects and encourage the judicious use of online editions of ancient Greek texts.
Founded in 2002, Leeds International Classical Studies is an open-access online journal associated with the Leeds International Classics Seminar. It publishes articles and interim discussion papers on all aspects of Greek and Roman antiquity, and of the history of the classical tradition. Topics covered by journal articles include: comedy; didactic poetry; marriage and sex; oratory and rhetoric; philosophy; and tragedy. As well as presenting the full text of journal articles in PDF format, the website also provides: guidelines for those who wish to contribute articles to the journal; a statement of editorial policy; and information regarding the copyright of articles submitted.
This online resource, part of the Johnstonia Web pages created by Ian Johnston of Malaspian University-College, Vancouver, is a brief summary of the various ancient stories told about the Trojan War and its background. These stories, many of which originate from before the time of Homer, are all part of the oral tradition relating to Troy (sources for these traditions include fragments of early Greek hexameter poetry). The information contained here would be useful for anyone new to the study of the Homeric epics and seeking a brief insight into the mythological background to the stories and characters of the Iliad and Odyssey. Unfortunately, however, no references to ancient texts are provided which would have enabled the user to follow up the stories in more depth. The page also contains a brief summary of the cultural influence of the Trojan War legend, as well as a note on the house of Atreus, the royal family of Mycenae.
The archaeological site of Entremont in the Aix-en-Provence region of southern France was one of the chief Celto-Ligurian oppida (or defended settlements) of ancient France whose population was in close contact first with the Greeks of Marseilles and the surrounding coast and later with the Romans who eventually conquered and colonised the area in the 120s BC. This attractively produced website provides, within a hypertext medium, a fascinating guide to the architecture, layout and material culture of the settlement, occupied in the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, an account of its broader geographical and historical context and a discussion of contacts between the indigenous inhabitants of ancient France and the wider Mediterranean world. While the ancient authors regarded the native population (called variously Salyes, Salues or Salluvii) as fierce savages who repeatedly threatened the coastal settlers, the archaeology reveals a much more complicated picture of economic and cultural contact which resulted in the adoption of Mediterranean building techniques and lifestyle habits within native communities but which also resulted in the development of vigorous local traditions of cultural expression, most notably in the production of stone carvings for cultic use. The resource also features a valuable history of Celto-Ligurian studies which date back to the early 19th century. Other features include detailed timelines and interactive maps, a bibliography of relevant publications and an didactic archaeological game aimed at a younger school-aged audience (requires a flash plug-in). This resource, which is available in English and French versions, will interest a wide constituency and will benefit both the interested amateur as well as students and researchers of French and Mediterranean archaeology.
This is an excellent resource offering articles on ancient history and archaeology together with an impressive library of photographic images of ancient sites which can be down-loaded for free for non-commercial use. The website is laid out geographically with sections on Greece, Persia, Anatolia, Carthage and Punic Sicily, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Judaea, Germania and Rome (as well a Dutch language resource on Dutch history) while the authoritative but very readable text has many cross links between them. There is no overall structure to individual sections: the Greek entries have a strong emphasis on Alexander the Great and his successors, on various authors such as Plutarch and Herodotos (including selections of extracted texts) and a series of short encyclopaedia-style entries on politicians, philosophers and literary figures. The Judaean passages discuss, for instance, Messianic claimants, the Diaspora and anti-Semitism in the ancient and mediaeval worlds, alongside more linear accounts of the Roman wars and potted biographies of leading Jewish figures. This website will benefit both students and teachers of the ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern world but the author makes the pointed observation that students must combine the use of electronic resources with proper library research for which the Web is not a substitute.
'Lost Trails' is a non-commercial educational resource whose main aim is to provide an English language version of the 'Histories' or 'Enquiries' of the 5th century BC Greek historian Herodotus. The site features many high quality photographs and maps illustrating the locations mentioned in the text, which will help to elucidate the complex and wide-ranging narrative. The photographs are hyperlinked to the translation, which is divided into 48 convenient instalments. The website also features folk handicrafts and music from Greece and other parts of south-eastern Europe as well as a notice board for feedback and comments on the various items featured. Donations are solicited from individuals who wish to support the work of the project. A caveat for less experienced A level or undergraduate students of ancient history (or the general reader) is that, at present, this edition of Herodotus falls short of academic standards in that it lacks line numbers, glosses of words or unfamiliar terms, or footnotes. The project is however work in progress, and these features should be added at some point. Users should also be aware that several of the photographs lack commentary and, inevitably given later rebuilding, depict structures or objects that post-date the events recorded in the Herodotean text. Nevertheless this is a useful online supplement to existing printed or electronic resources for students of classics, ancient history or archaeology.
Over 1,500 colour as well as black and white photographs relating to ancient Greece and Rome taken by the author primarily teaching purposes have been scanned and published online. There are also some non-ancient photographic subjects that have been useful for teaching, such as a photograph of a medieval cathedral for comparison with Roman architecture or a few images of a modern street market in Naples. The site offers a link to a software (Macintosh only) written by the author for teachers of Latin. An internal search engine is also available. The collection can be browsed by subject: England; France; Greece; Italy - (Rome, the Pantheon, Sicily, Italy except Rome and Sicily); and special selections of images (including the Roman house, and some Virgilian sites [Vergil]). The images can be accessed directly or previewed in thumbnails. Information relating to copyright, author and date the photograph has been taken is provided for each image.
This website has placed online a large collection of maps held in the Perry-Castañeda Library of the University of Texas at Austin -- although some maps are available through links to other sites. The site is extensive and clearly laid out, with maps listed alphabetically according to continent and country. There are maps with geographical, topographical, economic and demographic information. Most offerings are current, but there is a special section for historical maps, with most translated at least partly into English. These would constitute a helpful tool both for research and teaching, and afford the opportunity for comparison with more recent versions. There is a links site to other online maps sites and to maps dealers, and an instructions page for viewing and printing site content. Navigation throughout is straightforward. There is an online form for general enquiries to the University of Texas librarians.
Ben R. Schneider Jr. provides this online electronic database of early modern books, and older school-book texts popular with early modern readers. These all engage on some level with the subject of moral philosophy. Included are: conduct books such as Sir Thomas Elyots' 'The Boke Named the Governour' (1531) and Count Baldassare Castiglione's 'The Book of the Courtier' (1528; trans. Thomas Hoby 1561); biographies such as Plutarch's Lives; and works dealing with moral philosophy more directly, such as Bishop Joseph Hall's 'Characters of Virtues and Vices' (1608). Transcriptions appear to be fair, although authoritative hardcopy editions should be consulted for research purposes. Useful indices to the texts are provided and the site also features a links page focussing upon online resources dedicated to Stoic philosophy. Schneider is Emeritus professor of English at Lawrence University.
This is the website of the Medieval Institute Library at the University of Notre Dame, a uniquely rich resource for medieval studies in that it gathers in one place some 90,000 volumes; various collections of handbooks, series, pamphlets, reprints and photographic materials; microfilm and microfiche copies of some 3,000 medieval manuscripts and facsimile reprints from European libraries; a large collection of manuscript catalogues and materials on palaeography, diplomatics, and early printed books; and a collection of more than 200 medieval seals in facsimile. The library holdings on the history of medieval universities and medieval education reflect the Medieval Institute's scholarly interest in intellectual history, including that of the Byzantine Empire.
The website 'Medieval Manuscripts of Canon Law and Roman Law' provides access to a list of Canon law incipits compiled and maintained by Dr Giovanna Murano, and to a database of Canon law and Roman law manuscript shelfmarks developed by Gero Dolezalek at the University of Leipzig. The website aims to provide a comprehensive cumulative inventory of all manuscripts of Canon law and Roman law mentioned in catalogues or in legal-historical publications. It is designed as a tool for scholars in order to assist with the discovery of who published what, where and on which manuscript. In addition, the website also provides a gateway of annotated links to other web resources related to manuscripts of medieval Canon Law and Roman law and to some general medieval manuscripts sites. The Canon Law incipit list can be downloaded as a compressed file.
Minerva Systems, written by Dr Cora Angier Sowa, is a website dealing with various aspects of the classical world. The author, whose academic background is in classical studies and computing, is interested in the use of computers in the humanities; this site is primarily aimed at presenting some of her work on the relationship between modern technology and the study of the ancient world. Here users may access the first chapter of her work, 'The Loom of Minerva : an Introduction to Computer Projects for the Literary Scholar'. The site also features essays on the following themes: verbal patterns in Hesiod's Theogony; the themes of the Homeric Hymns and other early Greek oral poetry; and ancient myths in modern movies. There is also an archived section on 'quotations of the month' which contains miscellaneous extracts (in English translation) from ancient texts with explanatory information and accompanying images from ancient and modern art.
Minimus is a hugely popular Latin course (based around the adventures of a small mouse!) which was written by Barbara Bell and designed for primary school children, and this is its website. The emphasis of the site is on fun, and although much of what features here is clearly aimed at young children, there are nonetheless several features which may provide a degree of educational entertainment for Latin beginners of all ages. Items of interest for the older user include: Latin sentence builders; texts of simple songs in Latin (for example, Christmas carols and nursery rhymes); games and activities designed to build up simple vocabulary; and Latin comic strips with English translations. There is also a variety of teaching support materials here for those teaching the Minimus course at primary level. The Minimus course and the site as a whole also provide an excellent example of the way in which the study of Classics can be made relevant and appealing in the modern world.
This online resource contains an illustrated essay by David Ulansey on the meaning of some of the symbolism connected to the ancient mystery religion of Mithraism, which flourished across the Roman empire from the end of the first century CE until the eventual triumph of Christianity in the fifth century. Mithraism has left no scriptural evidence of the beliefs or cultic practices of its intiates, so Ulansey attempts here to penetrate some of its mysteries by studying the material artefacts and iconography that remain. The central thesis of this essay is that the cosmic symbolism of the Mithraic cult, with its zodiacal 'grades' of initiation and bull-slaying imagery, is connected to astronomical and astrological observation of the path of the sun through the constellations. Although the arguments become quite abstruse, they are clearly presented and illustrated with some useful diagrams. Ulansey's argument is an alternative to the accepted wisdom that Mithraism originated in Iran. This essay does not focus on the historical, archaeological, or sociological aspects of the worship of Mithras so much as on the basis for the worshippers' beliefs and the iconography. For those interested in the subject it offers a useful angle of approach through the study of the heavens.
The Multitext Homer is an on-going research project, supported by Harvard University's Center for Hellenic Studies and the Stoa Consortium, which aims to provide a definitive and interactive Web edition of the Homeric and related texts based on all of the surviving evidence from the pre-Classical to mediaeval periods as preserved in manuscripts and papyri and in ancient commentaries and scholiasts. The absence of a definitive edition of Homer is due in part to the lack of academic agreement as to which of the various texts and fragments of Homer, between which there are often considerable variations, may be regarded as 'primary'; this project is addressing this problem by including all of the relevant testimonia supported by modern critical commentaries.The website publishes numerous components of the wider research project and includes: a fully searchable relational database of the Homeric papyri based on the original research of Dana Sutton; an edition of Comparetti's 1901 facsimile of the Venutus A manuscript and of Villoison's 1788 edition of the Iliad; a translation of Proclus' summary of the Epic Cycle; a major commentary on the poems of Theognis of Megara. The full-text of Nagy's important 1996 work 'Homeric Questions' is also available. This is an important and expanding Web project which will benefit students and researchers of Greek literature and culture and those interested in manuscript studies and literary transmission from the ancient world.
Mythologia 97 is an online German-language dictionary of mythology that is designed and maintained by Dr Peter Tondl. From the welcome page, users are guided by a menu on the left of the screen to an alphabetical index of approximately one hundred key figures from Greek mythology. Each of these names is a hyperlink, and by right-clicking on it, the user is taken to a text document and, in some instances, pictures relating to the selected figure. The definitions, though short, are informative and well-written, and contain further hyperlinks to other related figures. This is a functional, user-friendly web resource that will be of interest primarily to the general public and non-specialists.
"Nazianzos", the website of the Centre for the Study of Gregory of Nazianzus, based at the Université catholique de Louvain in Belgium, is devoted to the life and work of the fourth-century Cappadocian theologian, Gregory of Nazianzus (c.325-390). For the most part delivered in French (although a number of sections have English versions), the site includes a brief essay on textual transmission, online databases for finding manuscripts of Gregory's Orations, bibliographies of editions and translations, and information about the Centre's activities and projects. Through an international collaboration, the Centre is also building a critical edition of Gregory's texts, while evaluating the impact of his thought on the Oriental Christian cultures. Their results can be observed through a series of annual reports (available in French only). The site also functions as a gateway to some of the material on the early church fathers available on the Internet. Directed primarily towards professional academics and research students, Nazianzos will be of use to those interested in early church history, theology or biblical hermeneutics, and particularly anyone working at the advanced level on Greek Orthodox Christianity in the fourth and fifth centuries, Gregory of Nazianzus himself, or the impact of his writings.
New Voices in Classical Reception Studies is the website of a journal produced by the Open University's classical reception project (Reception of the Texts and Images of Ancient Greece in Late Twentieth-Century Drama and Poetry in English). Launched in 2006, the journal, which showcases the work of scholars in classical reception studies, aims to publish annually in Spring; here users may access the full text (as Word or PDF documents) of all articles published to date. At the time of writing this review, themes discussed included: the theme of nostos (return) in ancient and modern Greek poetry; performance and adaptation of Greek tragedy; Euripides' Medea in Brazil; Hellenistic India; Sophocles' Electra in opera; and the use of classical imagery by a global company. Those interested in the continuing adaptation of ancient themes in the modern world will find much of interest here.
'Numismatics' is a website created by an enthusiast with an interest in ancient coins: it features essays, images and weblinks relating to this topic. There are also digital reprints of classic numismatic works such as a complete illustrated edition of Barclay Head's 'Historia Numorum', first published in 1886 and one of the seminal works on Greek and Roman coinage. Also included are some 70 plates from Head's guide to the coin collection of the British Museum (with the preface to the 1895 edition) and some high resolution maps of ancient Greece. There is also a selection of plates from the British Museum's coin catalogue. The site author's own contributions include articles on the Greek alphabet, the coins of Apollonia Pontika and the Gorgon issues of Parion. These are not footnoted or referenced and lack detailed bibliographies but will interest amateurs and undergraduates who can use them alongside standard academic works on ancient numismatics. More experienced numismatists will find it a useful source of small but clear images for teaching purposes and quick reference.
Orpheus is a website from Washington State University which relates to a project designed to enrich introductory humanities courses. The primary focus of the site is ancient mythology but it aims to encourage students to think about the ways in which ancient thought can be related to the modern world and to human psychology in general. The site contains a wealth of resources on a wide range of topics which fall within this remit; included are detailed pages on particular myths, as well as study guides and thought-provoking questions on ancient texts, and images from ancient and modern art. Broad section headings are divided into more detailed sub-sections and include: the ancient world (with items on Gilgamesh, creation myths, the Old Testament, gods and heroes); Greek mythology (Homer, Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns, the Greek gods and the Muses); Greek plays (focusing on Sophocles and Euripides); Roman mythology (Ovid); thematic connections of myth (including sections on animals, Hell, war, mythology of state, mythology of self and the myth of love); and mythology in film (with reference to westerns, monsters in film, and science fiction films). Whilst there are countless other websites dealing with ancient mythology this one stands out because it does not simply narrate the stories but raises interesting questions about the place of myth in the world in general, and its relevance to all human beings.
The Pantheon is a website providing information on the traditions, myths and rituals associated with ancient Greek gods and goddesses, and provides an introduction to Greek religion for those new to the study of the ancient world. Introductory text is divided into the following sections: the five ages of man; the creation of the world; the creation of mankind; the Titans; the Gods of Olympus; and Greek heroes and demi-gods; other Greek legends. The site is also fully searchable, and links to pertinent entries are also embedded into the main text. Unfortunately few references to ancient sources are provided; this limits the usefulness of the site as anything other than a basic starting-point.
The Perseus Project is a large digital library of online texts and images for the study of ancient Greece and Rome. The resources available via Perseus are extensive, including the following: primary texts (in the original ancient Greek and Latin languages as well as English translation); secondary texts relating to various aspects of the ancient world; a set of linguistic tools; and a number of large databases relating to the study of ancient archaeological sites and artefacts. The art and archaeology section of the website offers a searchable collection of art objects, sites and buildings, with descriptions and images drawn from museums worldwide. It includes architecture, sculpture, coins and vases, and provides access to supporting tools such as atlases and encyclopaedias. The study of the classical world via Perseus is further enhanced by: an interactive atlas; an extensive encyclopaedia with embedded cross-references; and a series of overview articles. The site also offers several further collections of primary and secondary texts: papyri (from the Ptolematic and Roman periods); English Renaissance texts (including all of Marlowe's works, a facsimile of the First Folio of Shakespeare's plays and other resources); London (atlas from 1780 to the present, texts about London, photographs and other materials); books on California and the Upper Midwest from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection; and documents on the history of Tufts University. Mirror sites are available in Berlin and Chicago.
The Perseus Digital Library makes available online via this page a searchable edition of the commonly known 'Lewis and Short Latin Dictionary'. The search box permits the searching of headwords (including part words) in the dictionary. The results page provides a list of matching headwords, a link to the corresponding entry in the dictionary, and an indication of the word frequency in the texts within the Perseus Digital Library. These texts may then also be accessed here by the user. The dictionary entry also provides a list of words with similar definitions (in both Latin and Greek).
This online encyclopaedia from the Perseus digital library is a comprehensive reference source for a vast range of aspects of the classical world. Via the encyclopaedia's table of contents the user is able to click on the first letter of the term for which they are searching and then browse through entries beginning with that letter. Alternatively they may type in a search term. The breadth of information here to some extent defies summary, but among other things the following are included: key individuals (authors and statesmen, for example); important sites throughout the Greek and Roman world; mythology and religion; art and architecture; historical events; literary works. Each encyclopaedia entry provides hyperlinks to relevant resources in the Perseus library, including cross references to other articles in the encyclopaedia and direct links to primary and secondary sources as well as to any related images. The encyclopaedia is an excellent starting-point for those seeking information on classical topics.
This Web page provides access to a range of useful tools for searching and browsing the Perseus digital library, and is a good starting point for anyone who is unfamiliar with the Perseus online resource. There is a wide range of Latin and ancient Greek linguistic tools, including: word searches from English into Greek or Latin (using LSJ and Lewis and Short as their basis); morphological analyses for Greek and Latin words; tools which generate vocabulary lists for Greek and Latin texts; and a search which allows the user to find Greek or Latin words in context in the original texts. Other resources on classical topics include the following: the Perseus art and archaeology browser (catalogued elsewhere on Intute); a summary of information about all collections in the digital library, grouped by subject; an index for searching all English texts (primary and secondary) found on Perseus; the Perseus table of contents; an interactive atlas; and a variety of search tools. Links are also provided here to important documents giving further information about the Perseus resource, including: FAQs; information on displaying Greek fonts; help pages for the various tools listed above; and details of the website's policies.
The Studia Philonica Annual is a scholarly journal devoted to the study of Hellenistic Judaism, and in particular the writings of Philo, an Alexandrian Jew who lived in the 1st century CE. The journal's website offers tables of contents and indexes of articles from 1989 onwards, but the articles themselves are not currently available online. Subscription details are available from the site, as is information on ordering back copies. The Studia Philonica Annual is published annually by Brown Judaic Studies under the aegis of SBL (Society of Biblical Literature) publications. The journal has an international advisory board, consisting of academics from America, France, the United Kingdom and Norway.
This is the website of the Phoenix journal, a publication of the Classical Association of Canada, whose stated aim is to publish articles in all the major aspects of classics (literature, history, archaeology, philosophy, religion, art, architecture and so on) up to AD 600. Although Phoenix is a specialist journal it claims that its articles are also written for the more general reader. Two editions of Phoenix are produced each year (the first was in 1946). The site provides access to abstracts of current articles as well as to contents lists for previous editions of the journal. There is a search facility which allows the user to search the titles of all articles published in the journal. (Note that the full text of the journal is provided by J-STOR for those affiliated to institutions which subscribe to the service). The website also provides information for those wishing to contribute to the journal.
This website presents information and photographs relating to archaeological surveys undertaken in the forum at Pompeii, which was destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79. The Pompeii Forum Project is a collaborative venture sponsored by the National [USA] Endowment for the Humanities and the University of Virginia (amongst others). A large archive of black and white images of the buildings found there is online here, along with detailed reports on the technology and instruments used to undertake the surveys. Further reports give details of a project which uses the principles of structural engineering to investigate the reconstruction of Pompeii after an earthquake there in AD 62 (seventeen years before the eruption of Vesuvius). The focus is on the urban centre of the Roman city of Pompeii, and its urban history through to modern times. There are also links to further resources on Pompeii for use by teachers and students, and a list of lectures and publications relating to the project.
This site is designed as an online companion to the textbook 'Classical Myth' by Barry B Powell. There are separate gateways for the fourth and fifth editions of the book, and although the site is primarily designed for school use there is some material here which will be of value to undergraduates studying mythology for the first time. The site is organised in such a way as to accompany Powell's book chapter-by-chapter. Themes which are covered include: the creation myths (the rise of Zeus and the origins of mortals); the Olympian gods; fertility myths (Demeter and Dionysus); the underworld; heroic myth (including Perseus, Heracles and Theseus); Oedipus and the Theban myths; the Trojan War and Odysseus. Each chapter-section includes: a summary of the objectives of each chapter; a set of quizzes on the relevant topic; sample essay questions; and (most usefully for university-level students) summaries of sources (ancient and modern) and links to text and images on the web which relate to the specific myths discussed. Also included with each section are glossaries of key terms and names from mythology with brief descriptions.
The Oxyrhynchus Papyri Project is putting online the corpus of ancient papyri excavated from Oxyrhynchus (Al-Bashnasa in Egypt) by Bernard Grenfell and Arthur Hunt since the late nineteenth century. The Project has an online table of contents for volumes 1, 2, 7, and 11-72 of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri. The user may search by keyword, author, date, title, genre or papyrus ID, and is then presented with images of the relevant papyrus and a reference to the volume of POxy in which it has been published. Images are available as either 150 dpi or 300 dpi resolution. Each papyrus record includes location information, editorial details, and notes. The Project's website also includes an introduction to Oxyrhynchus and the excavations; details of how the papyri were digitized; as well as articles on papyrology, and information about the Project's work in imaging and classifying the papyri; features on individual papyri; and the text of media reports relating to the collection. This extensive database is an excellent resource for students and researchers of papyrology.
This website publishes working papers in Classics written by members of Princeton or Stanford Universities. Readers should be aware that because these works are at different stages of production, and are sometimes unfinished, they are perhaps of most use to researchers who are able to assess them critically, rather than to students. The papers can be browsed by author, date, department (that is, Princeton or Stanford), or subject. A short abstract is available for each paper, and the full papers can be downloaded in PDF format. More recent versions of some of the papers may be found in published journals, but many are still be being worked on, are in press, or have been abandoned. The presence of these papers, which are not available elsewhere, makes this repository a valuable resource for scholars working in this area.
The website for the project "Prosopography of the Byzantine World" (PBW) formerly known as the "Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire" (PBE) provides details about a database compiled on individuals mentioned in Byzantine sources. It is the aim of the project to produce a computerised database with information on the ethnicity, offices, activities, and other attributes of individuals mentioned, gathered from a wide range of sources in Greek, Latin, Arabic, Syriac and other languages. This site is excellent for students, teachers, and researchers, and covers the period from 641 to 1261. The first volume of the project is already available on CD and covers the period between 641-867. The site also provides information on sigillography, with links to online catalogues and descriptions of seals from collections in Greece, Turkey, the UK, the US, Germany, Italy, Romania, and Bulgaria among others. Links to academic departments and centres, prosopographical projects and Byzantine research projects are listed on a separate page. The project is funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Resource Enhancement and the Research Grants schemes.
This website, hosted by the University of Reading Classics Department, offers links to a wide range of online resources which are of interest to classicists and ancient historians. A series of themed sections provides links to sites on the following topics: art, architecture and archaeology; history; literature; papyri, inscriptions, manuscripts and coins; and classics and reception. There are also links to sites listing 'Classics opportunities' including conferences, calls for papers and sources of funding. Finally, a section on general classics resources lists sites relating to the following: bibliographies and journals; classics departments and institutes; language and computer resources; associations and directories; library catalogues and booksellers; and other WWW guides. The range of material is extensive and the website therefore provides an excellent starting-point for anyone looking for specific web-based resources relating to a particular topic.
Rogueclassicism is a regularly updated weblog ('blog') dedicated to the classical world. Highlights include 'This day in ancient history' and 'Classical words of the day'. Also featured are articles extracted from worldwide English-language press and classical journals relating to all aspects of the ancient world and its relevance in modern life. The vast range of topics covered defies summary, although recurring themes include: archaeology; comparisons between ancient and modern politics; the ancient world on television; parallel themes found in ancient and modern literature and popular culture; the Latin and Greek languages; and the teaching of Classics. There are also extracts from recent journal articles and book reviews (taken from, for example, Arethusa and Bryn Mawr Classical Review). Archives of the site dating back to August 2003 can be accessed, and there is a list of links to other weblogs with classical themes. This site is testament to the assertion that Classics is indeed alive and well in the modern world.
This simple website created by Dr W J Kowalski of Pennsylvania State University discusses artefacts which provide clues about the Romans' love of sporting pursuits, and particularly of games like handball and catch. The site provides pointers on ancient rules of play and is illustrated throughout with images from ancient art, some of which can be enlarged (references are not, however, provided for the images). Ball-playing was popular among the Romans, and they often spent their morning exercises playing games on the fields (palaestra) or ball-courts (sphaerista). The web pages provide descriptions of these games, including: handball (Expulsim Ludere); Trigon; football; field hockey; Harpasta; Phaininda; and Episkyros. There is also a full list of references to this brief but useful guide.
This website consists of a series of illustrated articles by Dr W J Kowalski, of Pennsylvania State University, presenting and reconstructing the rules for a wide variety of ancient Roman board games, including: knucklebones (Tali & Tropa); dice (Tesserae); Roman chess (Latrunculi); Roman draughts [Checkers] (Calculi); twelve lines (Duodecim Scripta); lucky sixes (Felix Sex); noughts and crosses [Tic-tac-toe] (Terni Lapilli); Roman backgammon (Tabula); and Egyptian backgammon (Senet). Many of the sections feature diagrams illustrating the boards used to play these games; these are often also accompanied by images of relevant archaeological finds, or from ancient art. There is also a full list of references to allow anyone whose interest has been sparked by this brief but useful guide to explore the topic further.
This website provides images of the Roman calendar, marked with feast days and holidays as well as the corresponding modern calendar date. There is also an explanation about how to use the calendar, with details of its 3 primary markers, the Kalends, the Nones and the Ides. There is also a brief illustrated account of the archaeology of the Julian calendar, with images of the few fragments of Roman calendars that survive (collectively known as Fasti). The user may click on the images to study an enlarged picture. The references that support the Roman Calendar are also listed.
This website accompanies a television series, The Roman Empire in the First Century, which was first broadcast by the US Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in 2001. As well as providing details of the programme's production, the site also features a range of resources relating to the history of ancient Rome. It includes an introduction to this period of history, with information on the transition from Republic to Empire and details on the period from the age of Augustus (27 BC-AD 14) to the rule of Trajan (AD 98-117). There are also features on: writers of the period, including Virgil, Ovid, Seneca, Petronius, and the Elder and Younger Plinys; the social order, with information about emperors, senators, equestrians, plebeians and slaves; and daily life, covering marriage and the family, the home, Roman baths, entertainment and religion. A timeline and a Julio-Claudian family tree are also provided. Although the site is primarily aimed at schools (including lesson plans related to the topics it covers) it offers a broad and clear overview of the historical period which serves as a useful introduction to anyone studying the Roman Empire for the first time.
As its title suggests, this website is devoted to the Roman gladiatorial games, and provides a significanct amount of information on the subject. The author of the site is Professor Dunkle of the Classics Department of Brooklyn College, in New York. The following topics are coveres: on the origins of the gladiatorial shows; the political and cultural overtones associated with the games; the various types of gladiators; venationes (fighting with animals); capital punishment; and the amphitheatres (the most famous of which is the Colosseum in Rome) in which such shows occurred. The descriptive text provides a series of sound basic introductions to the subject; each of these is accompanied by images taken from Roman mosaics depicting gladiators. There is also a short bibliography of further reading.
The Roman Law website is part of the 'Law-related Internet Project' at the University of Saarbrücken and makes available some of the surviving fragments of the great corpus of civil law initiated by the 6th century AD Emperor Justinian, accompanied by the gloss written by the mediaeval jurist Accursius (1185-1263). The site is aimed at a number of different levels of interest and knowledge. The beginner is provided with a 'Questions and Answers' page outlining the basics of Roman law and its reception and interpretation in mediaeval Europe. More advanced scholars can subscribe to the Ius Romanum mailing and discussion list. Also featured is a useful page of links to other sites relevant to the history of law or the ancient world generally and some short pages on the history of theft. The resource is available in English, German, Italian and Latin versions though much of the source material, including the bibliographic information on leading jurists, remains in Latin. This site will therefore largely benefit advanced scholars or linguistically proficient undergraduates interested in Roman and mediaeval law or else in Late Roman and early Byzantine society.
Roman Law Resources is a website containing a great deal of material relating to Roman law, and which also acts as a gateway to other sites that may be of interest to researchers in this field. The site itself is fully searchable by keyword and offers information on the following topics: secondary literature; reviews of publications; teaching materials; primary sources; bibliographies; electronic reprints; errata in Roman Law books; corrections to Alan Watson's English translation of Justinian's Digest; and palingenesiae of Latin private rescripts and imperial Latin laws. Websites which are listed are each given a full description. Several of the resources available via this website are searchable databases providing a wealth of primary information. In addition to these materials, there are several information sections, detailing journals, web portals, prominent historians of ancient law, future events, etc. This is a clear and comprehensive website which provides an excellent starting page for research. It is navigable in German as well as in English.
This small but neatly presented website relates to an important Roman military diploma found on a river bed in Croatia in 1997. Military diplomata, bronze documents testifying to the honourable discharge of a Roman soldier, survive in large numbers; few, however, are as well preserved as this, which dates from 71 AD. The text is beautifully preserved on both the inner and outer faces of the diploma, and the witnesses' seals survive beneath a removable wooden cover. The text provides interesting evidence for Roman activity in the then province of Pannonia, and constitutes the first written evidence of a town in the modern Slavonski Brod region. The English section of the website offers a series of good-quality photographs of the artefact with transcriptions of the text and some notes on its provenance and significance. The quality of both the diploma itself and of the Museum's presentation of it make this site worth a visit for anyone with an interest in Roman military history or this type of epigraphy.
This is the website of the BBC Radio 4 programme The Roman Way, first broadcast in 2003 and presented by journalist David Aaronovitch, which explores the daily lives of the vast and diverse population which made up the Roman empire. The resource allows users to listen to the series online and provides a commentary on each of the four episodes together with insights on the programme from the presenter and the producer. Other features include a fact file of basic information on the Roman empire, a selection of recipes from the cook book of 1st century AD gourmet Marc Apicius, a list of colloquial Latin phrases and a page of useful external links to relevant webpages. Technical advice is provided for those who need audio help to listen to the programme online. Although aimed largely at the general public, 'The Roman way' will also interest A level candidates and undergraduates studying classics, ancient history and archaeology.
Initiated by the Sussex Archaeological Society at Fishbourne Roman Palace, the 'Romans in Sussex' website is a resource enabling users to access databases of objects and sites in Sussex relating to the late Iron Age (circa 100 BCE - 43 CE), the Roman and the early Saxon period (- 600 CE). It is intended primarily for use in learning and teaching and it has been designed with three separate levels to meet the needs of teachers of: Key Stage 2 (ages 7-11); Key Stages 3 and 4 (12-16); and for further education and higher education and the general public. Teachers may also find this resource useful for background information. Timelines and maps describe key events in Sussex, Britain and Rome throughout this period. Clickable maps illustrate known archaeological features at relevant times in the period. A thematic section divides the period into Late Iron Age, Roman and Anglo Saxon, examining subjects such as settlement and land use, religion and burial, people and politics and trade and industry. Its primary aim is for use as a research tool by students to find out about various aspects of life during this period, drawing on images and descriptions of objects from museums and collections from all over Sussex. Many of the artefacts are not on public display, or even published, and so are available here for the first time. The project is funded by Resource: the Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries.
The Rome Project is an attractive online resource for students and teachers of Classics which has been compiled by Dr Neil Goldberg of Dalton School in New York, United States. It is a well-organised Web gateway providing links to a wide range of material on topics relating to the classical world. The site is easy to navigate and is divided into sections featuring resources on the following topics: archaeology; drama; general resources; literature; maps; military matters; philosophy; politics; and religion. Links are all fully annotated. Although aimed primarily at secondary school students and teachers, the site will also be useful for undergraduates seeking to navigate the vast array of Classics resources available on the Web.
Scholarship in the Humanities : Open Technologies (SHOT) is an online collection of research projects being undertaken within the Classics Department at the College of the Holy Cross. Whilst a local initiative, SHOT provides a set of principles and guidance which might be applied within other humanities disciplines and at other institutions. The initiative is concerned with both opening up access to humanities research and ensuring that research (in digital form) is based on open standards and technologies. The website provides introductions to: markup languages; relational databases; geographic information systems (GIS); statistical analysis; and online publication. Materials from selected projects in classics are also available including: the Hacimusalar archaeological project; the Episteme small collection of primary sources for studying ancient science; and a project investigating the text of 'Treatise on the Sphere' attributed to Proclus.
Scholia : Studies in Classical Antiquity is an international journal of classical and related studies published by the University of Otago, New Zealand's oldest university. This website provides an index of articles from 1992 onwards as well as information about the staff, editors and advisory committee of the journal and the usual advice to prospective contributors. (You need to be in an institution which subscribes to ProQuest or to LOCKSS to make full use of this journal, e.g. to browse by author and volume, view thumbnails of the articles and of course to download abstracts and texts of articles.) The site is linked to Scholia Reviews, a related electronic site from the University of Natal which publishes a wider range of reviews that those printed in the paper publication of Scholia. The remit of the journal is very broad and includes articles on late antiquity and the mediaeval world, as well as the reception of classical learning during the renaissance and early modern periods and the continued relevance of classical studies in the modern world. The editors advise the use of Netscape 7.0 for optimal results when downloading papers. This online publication will benefit students and researchers in classical studies and ancient history.
Scholia Reviews is an electronic journal of reviews for classics, ancient history, and related subjects. Subjects of books recently reviewed include: Greek historiography; late antiquity; Roman art and architecture; classical myth; Roman religion; Greek and Roman literature. The journal has been published on an annual basis since 1992. Book reviews are available via email as well as on the website. A selection of reviews are also published in the international printed journal, Scholia. Reviews tend to be between 1500-2500 words long. The Scholia Reviews website also includes details of books received and requiring review and guidelines for review authors (including the system for transcribing Greek).
The website of the School of History, Classics, and Archaeology at Birkbeck College, University of London, essentially provides information for those considering courses at Birkbeck, or who are already on one of the courses. However, the website also has a excellent set of resources aimed at its students which can be used by any interested party. The sections Undergraduate, Classics, and Medieval resources point the student towards useful websites and other resources in the field. There is also information on forthcoming conferences and projects within the School, as well as links to pertinent lecture and seminar lists at IHR and ICS. Each individual department has listings of its staff, their research interests, and contact details.
The Silver Muse is an online reader and companion to Roman imperial poetry. The website features poems by Ovid, Lucan, Valerius Flaccus, Statius, and Silius Italicus. Most of the poetry excerpts are relatively short, but enhanced by every word being hyperlinked to a Latin-English dictionary and a grammatical and syntactic commentary. This feature should make the resource a helpful tool for students learning the Latin language. In addition to the reading guides, the site includes a biography and a number of secondary essays about each of the featured authors, along with overviews and bibliographies of their works. Introductory materials include notes on epic versification, and an extract from H. E. Butler's essay on post-Augustan poetry. Appendices include: a glossary of rhetorical terms; an explanation of Roman names; a Roman calendar; a guide to Roman money, weights, and measures; sample syllabi; and excerpts from Allen and Greenough's 'New Latin Grammar'. This is an excellent site which should be of particular use to classics undergraduates.
The website Skenotheke: Images of the Ancient Stage has been developed by John Porter, a classical archaeologist based at the University of Saskatchewan in Canada. The site is dedicated to images of ancient Greek and Roman theatre which are available on the Web; as such, whilst it does not feature original content, it is a very useful one-stop resource for those interested in ancient drama and the locations where this was performed. Links are provided to virtual reconstructions of ancient theatres, as well as to images of modern productions of classical plays. Images of ancient theatres are arranged by geographical location. Sections are dedicated to the following: the theatre of Dionysus at Athens; deme theatres; other theatres across mainland Greece (including those at Corinth, Delphi and Epidauros); the theatres of Asia Minor; and those on the Greek islands. There are also resources on Roman theatre including that at Pompeii. In addition, the site offers a collection of images of Greek and Roman drama shown in ancient art (including: vase paintings; figurines; mosaics; frescoes; and architectural decoration). These images would be useful for those studying acting in the Greek theatre and related topics such as Greek masks. The site offers resources for the study of satyr plays and comedy as well as Greek tragedy.
This is the website of the Society for Libyan Studies, founded in 1969 with support from the British Academy. The Society aims to encourage and coordinate the activities of researchers working on Libya in Britain and elsewhere. The Society is interested in a broad range of research including: archaeology; history; linguistics; natural sciences; and religion. The site is a valuable resource for information on current academic activities and potential sources of support for researchers. The Society provides some grants and scholarships and organises fieldwork trips. It also publishes the Journal of Libyan Studies, and the site provides tables of contacts for the volumes for 1983-1999, plus abstracts for some of these volumes. Details of forthcoming lectures and meetings concerning Libya are given, plus details of relevant collections in British libraries and archives. The site links to: archaeological sites in Libya; Libyan and British institutes; and other relevant sites.
This is the website of the Hellenic Society, one of the foremost organisations in the British Isles promoting the study of ancient Greek and Byzantine culture. Included here are: information on membership; details of publications (including the Journal of Hellenic Studies, Archaeological Reports and numerous supplementary volumes); details of available grants, prizes and support for schools; listings of events such as lectures and meetings; a list of the Society's current officers. Via the publications section users may also view contents lists for the Journal of Hellenic Studies from 1999-2008, along wiith abstracts for the volumes from 2001 onwards.
The hydraulics of Roman aqueducts website is written by a professor in civil engineering, hydraulic and applied fluid mechanics at the University of Queensland. Offered on the website is, therefore, a civil engineer's perspective, rather than that of an archaeologist, which provides a basic introduction to the subject of Roman aqueducts. As well as focusing on aqueducts, the author also includes information on other water management systems (such as various types of modern dams) including a history of arch dams. Detailed photographs of a limited selection (about half a dozen) of Roman aqueducts are shown. These are are largely confined to aqueducts in France (such as the Gier and Brévenne aqueducts in Lyon), as this is where the finest examples are to be found. A select, but useful introductory, bibliography on Roman aqueducts is included, as are a handful of links to other websites relating to specific aqueducts (such as the Mons and Gorze aqueducts).
The Sparta Pages form a website designed to appeal to enthusiasts who are interested in the history of ancient Sparta. Although the site does not profess to be a scholarly resource, there is much here to interest Classics students or researchers, particularly those looking for information on the modern reception of Sparta and the battle of Thermopylae (480 BC). Among other things the site features: a wide range of images relating to the movie 'The 300 Spartans'; a purchasing guide for those interested in reproduction Spartan armour; reviews of recent works on Sparta, including Frank Miller's graphic novel on Thermopylae, '300'; English translations of ancient poetry on Sparta from the seventh to the fourth centuries BC (including Tyrtaeus, Simonides, Pindar, Alcaeus, Alcman and Terpander); texts of modern writers' literary responses to Sparta (Golding, Cavafy, Byron and Housman). A basic reading list on Spartan matters is provided. This includes: ancient sources; academic texts; and details of novels and films set in Sparta. The site also has an online discussion group, the Phalanx, to which users may subscribe.
This online resource provides edited transcripts (with illustrations) of the television series 'The Spartans', which was first broadcast in 2002 by Channel 4. The Spartans were celebrated in classical antiquity for the austere and militaristic lifestyle which helped them to dominate the Peloponese and much of Greece in the archaic and classical period, particularly after their defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian Wars in the late 4th century BC. The three programmes of the original series examined the myths and reality behind the ancient sources, many of which date from much later than the period of Spartan military supremacy. The style is colloquial, as one would expect from a television programme, and the text, which can also be read as a PDF file, is a useful overview of a complex historical issue. The website also provides further information on the Spartans in the form of weblinks to relevant sites and a short bibliography.
Coptic is the name given to the latest stage of the ancient Egyptian language from the first century BC and written in an alphabet deriving from Greek and Demotic. The term is applied more generally to the distinct culture of Egyptian Christianity and its diaspora which still uses the Coptic language in its religious rituals. This website, produced by the St Shenouda the Archimandrite Coptic Society of Los Angeles, is part of an on-going project to preserve and promote Coptic culture by providing digital resources for Coptic language, literary, archaeological and artistic study. Projects include the Coptic Microfilm Library (CML) which aims to put all relevant Coptic and Arabic texts online and the Mapping of Coptic Monuments project, which will record all Egyptian Christian architectural and archaeological sites. The Manual of Coptic Studies (at the time of review almost completely empty and not updated since 1996) includes: the liturgy and texts of Coptic Christianity; a history of the language; a guide to Coptic writing; a directory of Coptic scholars. Other features include a useful slide show of frescoes from Coptic churches and monasteries. There is also a run of newsletters from the mid-1990s and downloadable software. The links page provides further information on websites of Coptic interest.
Stoa Consortium is the website of the organisation dedicated to the electronic publication of scholarly research in the humanities, particularly classics. Stoa seeks to establish a new style of refereed online project, utilising features and capabilities not available to traditional print publications. They also aim to enable broad public access to their online resources and to ensure long-term interoperability and archival availability. The Stoa home page, in the style of a blog powered by WordPress, consists of links to the individual projects published under the auspices of the consortium, as well as: technical guidelines; email discussion groups; and other such resources. The technical pages explain the standards relevant to online publishing, and include encoding guidelines. There is information about TEI (Text Encoding Initiative) and XML (eXtensible Markup Language), with links to discussion forums and relevant websites. Links are provided to other Classics blogs. There are display configuration tools for selecting Greek fonts, and a Perseus morphological analysis tool (for use with texts forming part of the Perseus Project). Copyright information for online publications is also included.
Studia Humaniora Tartuensia (SHT) is a peer-reviewed scholarly electronic journal which publishes research articles and notes in any area of the humanities, but some emphasis on classical studies, ancient history, neo-Latin studies, classical tradition, and the history of scholarship and philosophy. Published by the University of Tartu in Estonia, and online since 2000, SHT is a well-established and diverse journal which is sure to contain material of interest to scholars of classical studies and ancient history. Articles may be written in English, French, German and Latin. The journal provides a free mailing list to users wishing to keep informed of developments in the journal, and a news section for further information. Full article submission details are also provided.
This is the website of the Texas Classical Association (TCA), an organisation for teachers and future teachers of Classics at all levels, from school to university. The site gives details of the Association's activities, publications, officers and membership. Information is given here on conferences and scholarships run by the TCA, and there is an extensive list of links which may be of use to those teaching classical subjects at any level. The newsletter of the TCA is available for download on the site. Further sections include: a section specifically tailored for new Classics teachers; information on the activities of the Junior Classical League; information on teacher training and job opportunities; and further TCA sites relating to the teaching of Latin and Greek. Excerpts from the TCA's biannual journal, Texas Classics in Action, are also featured here. The primary focus of these articles is classical pedagogy, with some emphasis too on Classics in popular culture. Although the website as a whole is aimed primarily at those involved in the teaching of classical subjects in Texas, there is much here that will be of interest to those involved in the profession anywhere in the world.
Textkit is a free online learning resource for the study of Ancient Greek and Latin. Textkit's core site content is Greek and Latin public domain grammar books. These include classics such as North and Hillard's Greek Prose Composition, complete with keys to the exercises. These can be downloaded in PDF format. Featured language-related works include dictionaries, guides to prose composition and Greek and Latin language courses. Textkit also provides an extensive collection of classical ebooks by ancient Greek and Latin authors such as Aristotle, Herodotus, Plutarch, Lucretius, Cicero, Tacitus and Sophocles. Some of the texts are available in the original language, others only in translation. It is possible to search by author or by title of work. In addition to these features, the site provides links to tutorials and other online resources (including supported e-study groups, which are free to use, but which require the user to register with the site) for the study of Greek and Latin.
The website TheatreHistory.com features information about a wide range of theatrical traditions in Europe, North America and Asia. The site offers an index of topics relating to the theatre history of different cultures. There are resources on Irish theatre, British theatre, Russian theatre, Spanish theatre and many more. There is a good cross-section of information about contemporary theatre, as well as pages devoted to ancient Greek and Roman and medieval theatre. There is also general information about the origins and development of the theatre. Under each topic, users can access information on playwrights and dramatic practice. Topics include biographies of key figures in the history of drama, synopses of plays and contextual studies about relationships between drama and society. Links are well-annotated so that information is easy to locate. The site also offers an online script archive. This is not fully comprehensive but there is a variety of full-length plays, one-act plays, short plays and monologues. The archive would be helpful for drama teachers looking for performance pieces. The site has an excellent range of resources and would be of use to those studying almost any dramatic tradition.
In the website “Theorizing Satire: A Bibliography”, Brian A. Connery, Associate Professor of English at Oakland University, provides an online bibliography of critical works on satire and satirical writing. The bibliography contains a contents page and focuses on works that treat satire generically rather than concentrating upon individual works. An extensive amount of bibliographical material is listed and a diverse range of historical periods (classical, medieval and beyond) and national literatures (mostly Roman, British and American) are encompassed. An index of categories is provided with links to the relevant bibliographical material. None of the material catalogued appears to be available online, but this resource is nonetheless of use to anyone studying or researching satire in almost any of its numerous forms.
This is the website of the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG), a research centre at the University of California, Irvine, which has digitized the majority of the corpus of extant Greek texts from Homer to fall of Byzantium in AD 1453. The main feature of the website is the search facility which allows users access to these texts online. Only subscribers (or those from subscribing institutions) may access the full database here; however, an abridged version is available for non-subscribers. This in itself is extensive and features texts by several key Greek authors including; Thucydides; Aeschylus; Euripides; Plutarch; Plato; and the Athenian orators. Users may browse the full texts or search for keywords. (It is necessary to have Greek fonts installed in order to view the Greek texts.) The website also includes details about the project itself, as well as details about how to subscribe.
Boston-born American writer Thomas Bulfinch (1796-1867) is best known today for his attractive retelling of classical myths for the general public published in 1855 as The Age of Fable; or stories of gods and heroes but later re-issued in 1881 under its better known title Bulfinch's Mythology. This useful website provides a biographical sketch and number of informative articles by Marie Cleary on various aspects of Bulfinch's life and work and on his important role in the popularisation (or 'democratisation' as Cleary sees it) of the ancient classics in 19th century America, in addition to a valuable unpublished short account of the role of classical literature in American society prior to Bulfinch's first venture into print in the 1850s. The articles are reproduced from the journals Humanities and Classical World and from the Biographical Dictionary of North American Classicists. Cleary emphasises how Bulfinch's juxtaposition of translations from the ancient authors with classic or contemporary English poetry was an innovative didactic method aimed to overcome the widespread lack of classical education among teachers and students alike. He also wrote to educate and edify, particularly his younger audience, which explains both the bowdlerised retelling of some ancient tales but also the Victorian Christian undertones to his writings. Cleary also expounds her own views on the nature and significance on classics in the current US school and university curriculum. This website will thus benefit students and researchers interested in the reception of classical literature, but also historians of education and religion in 19th century America.
TOCS-IN makes available online the tables of contents of around 185 journals covering the Greek and Roman world, for volumes published after 1992. Volunteers from around the world have helped to build up this bibliography by submitting the tables of contents of various journals in electronic form to TOCS-IN. It is currently edited at the University of Toronto, and there is a mirror service in French provided by the Université Catholique de Louvain in Belgium, which gives information on many of the journals pre-dating 1992. Entries include the author's names, article title, journal name, volume/number, and starting page of the article (but not the final page number). The whole collection can be searched online. The search engine is case insensitive, ignores accents, and supports the use of wildcards and Boolean expressions between words. Journal titles follow the abbreviations used in l'Année Philologique.
Traditio is an important journal of ancient and medieval history, thought and religion. Its no-frills website provides two indices to the first fifty of its volumes (to 1995). The first index is most useful for compiling bibliographies, as it categorizes the articles by assigning them to one of nineteen subject headings. The second orders them by name of author. Besides the indices, the text of the foreword to the fiftieth anniversary volume is provided. It outlines the origins and history of the journal.
This resource, compiled by Charles Lohr of the University of Freiburg, is essentially a vast online bibliography of books and articles relating to the reception of classical authors and texts throughout Europe up to 1650. It deals with publications in most major European languages. Organised alphabetically by ancient author, the list covers works dealing with translations, adaptations and transmission of texts as well as, for example, productions of ancient drama, the influence of ancient philosophy and the broader impact of Greek and Latin texts on modern western literature and education. Every genre of ancient literature is covered here, including: epic; lyric; tragedy; comedy; historiography; oratory; philosophy; and satire. Also included are several medieval and Renaissance authors. Whilst the entries are not annotated (the sheer number of references contained here prohibits this), these pages are nonetheless an excellent starting point for researchers interested in the classical tradition and the reception of ancient texts since the Renaissance. The site is navigable in English and German.
Trajan's Column is an online collection of images and background material on the Roman monument, a 100 foot stone column recording the military victories of the Roman Emperor Trajan (reigned 98-117 CE) over the Dacians and the Germans in the second century CE,which is one of the most remarkable and best preserved survivals of monumental art from classical antiquity. This website provides a searchable database of over 500 images focusing on various aspects of the design and execution of the column's sculptural decoration as well as several introductory essays on the historical background, subject matter and wider physical context of the monument within the Forum of Trajan in Rome, presented throughout within a hypertext medium. This highly user-friendly resource is designed to be accessible to individuals at varying levels of knowledge and experience of the subject. An elaborate search engine allows you to explore highly specific aspects of the monument while Claudio Martini's interactive cartoon of the entire column provides an excellent introduction to the overall design and layout of the monument and contextualises the individual details provided by the database of images. The site can also be explored through the use of indices organised according to: subject; sculptural technique; and scene number or location. The high quality images (slides and drawings) were generated by sculptor Peter Rockwell, over the course of his study of Roman stone-carving practices, and can be viewed at three different resolutions. Technical information on all the imaging and programming details (including the programming code) is also provided. This detailed, stimulating and attractively presented website will interest archaeologists and classicists as well as art and military historians at many levels from the general public and novice undergraduate to the more experienced researcher.
This website describes the University of Chicago's excavations, since 1989, of the sanctuary of Poseidon at Isthmia near Corinth; this was one of the most important religious centres of the ancient Greek world and the location of the pan-Hellenic games. In addition to reports for the 1989-2007 field seasons, the resource includes a number of articles on various aspects of ancient Isthmia as well as a bibliography of publications by the project team. The resource offers numerous useful maps, plans and photographs of the sanctuary. Particularly attractive is a series of 3D views and contour plans illustrating the architectural development of the sanctuary of Poseidon from the 8th to the 3rd centuries BCE. Ability to view large images (using Adobe Acrobat) is required. This site will be of value both to undergraduates and to those initiating research into the archaeology of Greek religion and social life.
Virgil Resources is a website which provides a comprehensive range of resources for students and scholars of the ancient Latin poet Virgil (Vergil 70-19 BC). The site is attractively designed and illustrated, and provides comprehensive bibliographies and book reviews of recently published secondary works on Virgil. There is also biographical material on the poet's life, including a translation of Aelius Donatus' fourth-century AD Life of Virgil. The site provides well-annotated links to internet resources relating specifically to Julius Caesar and Caesar Augustus, as well as to other web pages on Virgil and Latin poetry. There are also images of maps relating to Aeneas' Italy and the ancient world. The site provides particularly useful information about the post-classical reception of Virgil. Also provided here is a link to the Mantovano mailing list for discussion of Virgil and related studies.
This growing website, aimed at both students and teachers, is designed to help its users learn more about ancient Roman coinage. Its main feature is an extensive numismatic catalogue which has been compiled from information submitted by private collectors and dealers. This is clear and user-friendly: it may be browsed chronologically by decade for the Roman republic and by emperor or empress for the imperial period. The contents of the catalogue range from 326 BC to the time of the emperor Honorius (AD 393-423). Each section contains information on a variety of coin-types from the period, with clear images of the obverse and reverse, summaries of the image and text of the legend as well as, in some cases, a set of web links where more information relating to the period or coin may be found. The catalogue also has a search facility which enables the user to compare coins featuring similar images or inscriptions. Aside from the catalogue the site also features a range of links to useful articles on specific topics relating to coinage, as well as to broader ancient history sites.
VRoma is an online collection of resources for the teaching and learning of Latin and ancient Roman culture at secondary school and undergraduate level. It acts as a repository for online teaching material (holding an extensive collection of texts, commentaries, maps, images, teaching resources and more). Its central feature is a virtual classroom based on the city of Rome of c. AD150, where students and staff can log on and travel around the city and hold discussions with others visiting VRoma. Groups based in different institutions can arrange to visit VRoma at the same time and hold collaborative classes. Travel instructions and conversations can be in English or Latin. Using this element of VRoma introduces students to the monuments of ancient Rome, encourages them to use Latin, and to interact with peers. Background information to the VRoma project, help, and guidance on using the virtual city are all available on the website.
This website, which is presented by the Warburg Institute, makes available digitised editions of out-of-print texts relating to Renaissance and Medieval topics. The Warburg Institute is a member institute of the School of Advanced Study in the University of London, and is dedicated to the study of the continuity of the classical tradition in European thought, literature, art and institutions. The texts presented via this site reflect aspects of this tradition and are taken from the Institute's collections. They are listed in thematic sections, including: Festivals; Game Books; Emblem Books; Encyclopaedias; Iconography of Christian Art; Mnemonics; Renaissance Platonism; Sources in the History of Astrology; Sources of Italian Art; and Survival of Classical Art. The texts are also accessible via alphabetical and chronological lists. The texts are made available through links to the online catalogue of the School of Advanced Study. Individual catalogue entries include links to PDF copies of the texts, which can then be downloaded. Each thematic section of the main site is accompanied by a list of useful related Web resources. In addition, the Sources in the History of Astrology section includes a page of brief introductions to some of the texts, giving information on their contents and significance.
Who Was Who in Roman Times is an online illustrated index to Roman culture, compiled by an enthusiast, Michiel Osinga. The site is arranged initially by topic (including: persons; geography; sources; events; religion; images; other miscellaneous subjects), with each topic subdivided further into other subjects arranged alphabetically. Clicking on the links which are given reveals information of varying degrees of detail and usefulness. For example, in some cases only a very short summary of the relevant topic is given, where in others, links are provided to extracts from ancient texts, images and more detailed information. The compiler has attempted to include a vast amount of information here; however, this means that the site is not always easy to navigate in order to find what the user is looking for.
Women in Greek Myths is a well organised website devoted primarily to introducing the female figures of ancient Greek mythology. This may be searched alphabetically or by keyword, but is also organised according to theme. Individual sections focus on the following topics: goddesses (featuring minor goddesses as well as the more well-known); nymphs; mortals; Amazons; and monstresses. There is also a section on some of the key men of Greek myth. A further section ('Myth Pages') brings together summaries of versions of important myths as told by ancient authors. Included here are: the creation; births of gods and goddesses; myths relating to love; and a range of other stories (such as the stories of Pandora, the Judgement of Paris, the Labours of Heracles and the Seven against Thebes). The most appealing aspect of the site is that it is richly illustrated by images of ancient sculpture and pottery, neoclassical art, and even film stills, although these are unfortunately given no captions citing sources.
World Mythology is a set of online resources designed to accompany a course run by Michael Webster at Grand Valley State University, Michigan. The materials available offer an insight into the mythology found in archaic Greek poetry, biblical texts, and Norse and Babylonian sources. As well as providing information for students of classics or theology the site will also be of use to anyone interested in comparative mythology. Classical texts covered are the early Greek hexameter poems of Hesiod (Theogony and Works and Days), the Homeric Hymns, and the Odyssey of Homer. The biblical section covers stories from the Book of Genesis, and there are sections on the gods of Norse, Babylonian, and Sumerian myth, as well as on the epic of Gilgamesh and Egyptian myth. A copy of Webster's course syllabus is provided, with accompanying material including: notes and commentary on the relevant texts, with explanations of key terms and names; suggested questions for essays or discussion; extracts from the primary sources; and bibliographies. The pages are cross-referenced, with hyperlinks to other relevant sections of the site.
This is the website of the Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, an international journal of Greek and Roman antiquity focusing on research into epigraphic and papyrological material. This resource provides a guide to the contents of the journal from 1967 to the present together with the digitised texts of articles from 2001-2004 which are available free of charge for private study (free volumes made available might vary from year to year). The indexes of most volumes can be browsed in PDF format. The reproduced articles are in German, English, French and Italian.Information on the print version of the journal is also provided, such as editorial advice for authors and subscription details.This website provides useful a bibliographic guide to publications in an important classics and ancient history journal for university students and researchers, particularly for those competent in European languages.
The Austrian Archeological Institute's website is extremely well presented. Archaeological digs which the Institute have undertaken include about a dozen sites in Austria, as well as four sites without (Ephesos, in modern Turkey, Aigeora and Lousoi in Greece, and Tell el-Dab'a in Egypt). Information concerning the Egyptian dig is not actually on this website, but it refers the reader to two connected websites (the Institute of Egyptology and 'SCIEM 2000'). When one clicks on the city of one's choice, one is met with a succinct history of the city and the excavations, which are accompanied by relevant colour pictures. There is also a bibliography and contact details of those who have worked on the excavations should one require more information. In addition to the above, there is a list of the Institutes publications (including forthcoming ones). It should be noted, however, that the books, unlike, the website, are only available in German.