Biff Vernon's website, 'A1-The Great North Road', is an e-book dedicated to the Great North Rd, the main artery of travel in England from Roman Britain onwards. As the author states, there are two chapters of the e-book: 'In general' and 'In particular'. In the first chapter there are sections with information about travel writers and their journeys and is accompanyed by an extensive bibliography of related travel literature and works about. There are also pages that examine the Great North Road within the contexts of the Romans, the Norman Conquest and pilgrimages. 'In Particular' examines the itinerary of the road and lists all the places it goes through, listed according to county. Cross-references and images (paintings, old and recent photographs) as well as historical details abund in the text. This would be of most interest to anyone studying or researching travel literature or the history of travel in England. Vernon produces this resource independently and is a guesthouse owner in Lincolnshire.
The Aberdeen Built Ships project website provides free access to a detailed database of nearly 3000 ships built in Aberdeen since 1811 and to associated material held in the Aberdeen Maritime Museum. Funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and a Hilda Duthie Bequest, this project by Aberdeen City Council and its museums has created a very well laid out and easy to use website which will be of use to anyone researching Aberdeen history, shipbuilding or genealogy. Ships can be searched for by name, date or type of construction and by keywords. The detailed information about the ships has been taken from Lloyd's Register of Shipping, Aberdeen shipbuilder's lists and from local people and newspapers. The site also includes a history of Aberdeen shipbuilders Russell Hall and Co, Alexander Hall and Sons, John Lewis and Sons, Duthie Shipbuilders and Walter Hood. Digitized images of the ships, including photographs and plans, are available online; users can also purchase these. This is an ongoing project.
This article, taken from the National Maritime Museum Journal for Maritime Research (December 1999), considers the development of new technology in the Ironclad Age (from the mid 19th Century to early 20th Century) relating to hull design (wood to steel), propulsion (sail to steam) and armament (shot to shell), and its impact on sea power and naval operations of the period.
'Airminded: airpower and British society, 1908-1941' is an active scholarly weblog that examines the representation of airpower in Britain. The weblog is written by Brett Holman, a PhD researcher at the School of Historical Studies, University of Melbourne. Weblog postings are referenced, using footnotes, and many postings are very well illustrated with old posters and adverts that employ the theme. The website is searchable by keyword. Also available is a "partial and preliminary" bibliography, and the author provides a useful online timeline/gazetteer titled 'Scareships: the British phantom airship scares, 1909-1913'.
Situated in Southwold, Suffolk, the Alfred Corry Museum is housed in the old Cromer Lifeboat shed. It provides a history of the Alfred Corry, a lifeboat built in Great Yarmouth in 1893. The site contains information about the museum, the lifeboat and the Cromer Lifeboat Shed.
The website United States Merchant Marine (covering U.S. Maritime Service, Army Transport Service, Military Sea Transportation Service, and Military Sealift Command) focuses principally on World War Two, though there are articles covering mariners of other wars, such as the American War of Independence, the Spanish-American, the Korean, and the Vietnam Wars. Articles on the website include FAQs; tracing ship histories and mariner's service records; the US maritime service; merchant marine organisations; and subjects related to the Second World War. The website was created by the U.S. Maritime Service Veterans association.
This Web site catalogues documents, photographs and reports related to the sinking of the the ocean liner T/N Andrea Doria on 25 July 1956. This accident, the result of a collision with another ship, the MV Stockholm, took place near Nantucket, Massachusetts. The site was constructed by one of the survivors, Anthony Grillo; in the wake of his death in 2004, his brother, Vivian Grillo, has assumed administration of this resource. Pages here include: information about both ships; officers, passengers and crew involved in the rescue; a chronology of events, starting with the Andrea Doria's departure on her ill-fated final voyage from Genoa; photographs from diving expeditions and survivor reunions; newspaper accounts; personal recollections; related projects; and links to other sites about ocean liners. Some of this material is historically valuable and poignant enough to serve as a good starting point for research or teaching. Navigation of the site is slightly cumbersome.
Established approximately 30 years ago and based in Clayton, New York, the Antique Boat Museum has grown from a local institution to an internationally recognized museum. It lists its main purpose as being to collect, preserve, study, and interpret objects related to the freshwater nautical history of small craft (less than 100 feet) throughout North America, with emphasis on the St. Lawrence River and the surrounding area. The site gives details of the collections, tells of current events at the Museum and provides links to antique boat-related sites.
The APEC Transportation Working Group aims to achieve liberalisation of APEC Transport Systems in order to encourage economic development in the Asia-Pacific region. The APEC Transportation Working Group has three working groups/steering committees focussing on a more competitive transport industry, safe and environmentally friendly transport systems, and human resource development. The website provides information on current projects, and details of future and past meetings.
The Little Ships were privately owned crafts, which operated off the Dunkirk beaches, and the harbour between the 28th May and the 4th June 1940, evacuating no less than 338,000 stranded British and French troops with the assistance of Naval and Merchant Marine. To qualify for full membership of the Association a person needs to be the current owner of a proven Dunkirk Little Ship. Currently there are over 150 members. The last time members made the return trip to Dunkirk was on June 2nd 2000 and the next trip is planned for May 2005. There is a list of the known ships involved. Other topics covered include future events where there will be an official presence of Little Ships, Dunkirk Little Ships for sale, and missing and unfound ships. There are links to the 1940 Dunkirk Veterans' Association and the Dunkirk Little Ships Restoration Trust. Frames are used.
The Association is the industry body in the UK for inland navigation authorities. The broad purpose of AINA is to facilitate the management, maintenance and development of the inland waterways for navigation as an economic, environmental, recreational and social resource. This website describes the Association and includes publications and downloads and the current work programme.
This is the website of an international cooperation project initiated by the National Archives of Netherlands with the aim of collecting a guide to all archival material relevant to the history of the Baltic Sea, the trade in the Baltic and relations between the countries around this sea. The result is a comprehensive database with over 900 descriptions of archival items from 10 countries, which can be searched free of charge on the site. The topics covered by the database include: shipping and maritime sectors; merchants and merchant houses; transaction costs; trade regulations and diplomacy; and spin-off effects. The "exhibition" contains the most interesting documents posted online from the archive of each participant country. A thorough history of the Baltic Sea trade between 1450 and 1800 by Hanno Brand from Groningen University is a useful overview of the topic. The "other research" section introduces scholars with interests in relevant subjects and invites further submissions of papers. This is an excellent site, beautifully designed and easy to navigate.
The Picton Castle is a Canadian based reconstructed tall ship which is currently on a world-wide voyage visiting 47 ports in 22 countries. A sail-training programme is offered and those interested can join different legs of the fee-based trip. An itinerary of the trip is outlined. Included on the site is a ship's log of the trip and articles from other participants; a map showing the ship's current location. There is also the Worldwise section with related lesson plans for teachers on exploring the ocean realm and environmental investigations; an accompanied book list for children; and links to other websites.
This is an online exhibition from the Imperial War Museum, London, focusing on the conflict at sea on 6 March 1941, between Allied merchant ships and their escorts and German U-boats, christened the Battle of the Atlantic by Winston Churchill. The site is divided into the following information: a history of the Campaign; the roles of the Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, United States Navy, and German Navy; Intelligence, relating to Enigma; the effect of Air Power; the role of the Convoys and of Merchant shipping; and an overview of the Battle of the Atlantic. The site contains thumbnail images of contemporary photographs.
The battleship 'Massachusetts' is based in Battleship Cove and home to the USS 'Massachusetts' battleship BB59. The Museum also has USS 'Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.' destroyer DD850, USS 'Lionfish' submarine SS298 and the torpedo boats PT 796 and PT 617. Users can access both historical and statistical information about these on the site, in addition to facts about a Japanese Suicide Attack Boat, a Bell UH-1M Iroquois Helicopter and a Russian Missile Corvette 'Hiddensee'. Details of museum admission rates and times are included.
The purpose of the Society is to assist and support the battleship 'New Jersey' in the territorial waters of the State of New Jersey, and to support, establish and maintain the Museum, Educational and Veterans' Memorial Centers and support the daily operation of the battleship 'New Jersey, BB-62'. The website provides historical information (including a dictionary of American naval fighting ships entry for BB-62, dates in the history of the 'New Jersey', Commanding Officers of the ship, and statistics of the Virginia class BBs), photos of the 'New Jersey', details for membership and the USS 'New Jersey' Veterans' group and links.
Battleship North Carolina is a preserved World War II vessel serving as her state's World War II memorial and a museum interpreting the history of all ships named North Carolina. The website includes: visitor information; a history of battleships from 1824; current projects such as the process of laying a new teak deck; a history of the battleship and her involvement in World War II; upcoming events; affiliated organisations; teacher resources; and a search facility.
The Battleship Page focuses on US Navy battleships of the Iowa class, and their histories. The site includes articles on the Iowa class, historic American battleships and sea battles, with links to a WW2 logbook, ship plans, drawings, and photos, weaponry, naval aviation and museum ships.
"Back to Beeching" is a website belonging to the BBC Radio 4 history web page that will remain topical for a long time to come, focusing as it does on the famous overhaul of the British Railway system in the nineteen sixties. Famous for shutting over 2,000 stations, Beeching's name became synonymous with the railways. This entertaining and informative BBC Radio 4 programme website features archived programmes which can be listened to, as well as a short biography of Richard Beeching, by an enthusiastic R. H. N. Hardy. There are recommendations for further reading on the subject of Beeching, his influence and the history of the UK railways in general. A web chat between Alan Whitehouse and Colin Divall, Professor of Railway Studies at the University of York, has been archived and a transcript is available.
This is the website of the North of England's largest local history museum, at Beamish, County Durham. In particular the museum recreates how the people of the North of England lived and worked in the nineteenth and twentieth century. The excellent information for the general visitor and the educator describes, with images, the attraction of this open-air experience of living history. The museum concentrates specifically on two periods: 1825, when the region was rural and thinly populated. The industrial revolution, especially the coming of the railways, accelerated change (the reconstructed buildings and attractions include a wagonway, railway and manor); and 1913, by which time the region's heavy industries were at their peak, (that includes a colliery, a railway station, the town, a tramway, as well as a farm and other exhibitions).
This is the website for Bexhill Museum, in Sussex, England. As well as exhibits of local history, palaeontology and motor racing history, the Museum is particularly noted for its collection of lace and embroidery samples, dolls, costumes and accessories from the 18th Century, through to the 1960s. The site contains information about visiting the Museum, and there is a map of the layout of the Museum with some images which can be enlarged. Contact details are also available.
This is a direct link to a PDF file titled 'Birmingham Bibliography: an annotated bibliography focusing on Birmingham's built environment, particularly since the late-nineteenth century'. At June 2008, the 12,000-word bibliography has been through many revisions and editors, and is now current to January 2008. This current edition is freely provided online by the Strategic Development Research Unit at Birmingham City University in the UK. The bibliography was first published in print form as a chapter in the book 'Carl Chinn's Birmingham: bibliography of a city' (University of Birmingham Press, 2003), but has since been updated and expanded. This will be a useful and comprehensive starting point for those aiming to study aspects of the architecture and urban history of Britain's second-city - one of the main cities that drove the Industrial Revolution.
BIShip focuses on all subjects connected with the shipping company British India Steam Navigation, or BI as it is most often known. BI was formed in 1856 and remained one of the largest companies in the British mercantile marine until it was finally entirely absorbed into P&O in 1972. The website includes information about BI and its fleet, from the mid-19th Century to 1972, including names of ships and dates of service; a bibliography; history of the company; BI livery and insignia; events; songs and verses; paintings; and links to sites of further interest. The website is also is a contact point for former BI staff, with reunion details.
This museum is situated at Dudley in the West Midlands where, during the Industrial Revolution of the 19th Century, there were many ironwork foundries and forges. On display are all aspects of local work and life with emphasis on metalwork and engineering. The collection includes canal boats that show how cargoes would have been carried to and from the ironworks in the area; a working boat dock; boat-builder's tools and related photographs and documents. Nearby are canal tunnels built under the limestone hills in the area. Visitor information is included.
The Blue Star Line was founded in 1911 by the Vestey family to carry their chilled beef from Argentina and other South American countries, where they had large cattle ranches and freezer works. This website gives a brief history of the company and details of ships with photographs.
The Trust is a volunteer organisation established to preserve and operate Bluenose II, a fishing and racing schooner, for the people of Nova Scotia, Canada. The purpose of the Trust is to preserve the schooner and ensure that the legacies of traditional seamanship skills and the craft of building great wooden ships are maintained. The website includes news items, current sailing schedules, the ship's specifications, frequently asked questions, history of Bluenose II and the original Bluenose, a picture gallery of photographic images, and nautical facts.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'British and Irish Emigrants to the U.S.A. in 1841' dataset hosted by the History Data Service (HDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To provide quantitative estimates of the principal demographic and social characteristics of emigrants to the USA from the UK, and to test the usefulness of the passenger lists of American ports for this purpose. The data is available to order from the HDS as SPSS portable files or tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of age, sex, occupation, nationality, type and size of migrating household; type of vessel, class of accomodation, data and port of arrival and departure, destination and place of last residence (where available).
The British Postal Museum and Archive website provides access to the catalogue and some of the collections of the Royal Mail and the Post Office, dating back over four hundred years. It is an invaluable source for the history of postal communication in Britain, and for developments in social, transport and business history and in design and advertising, particularly in the last two centuries. Learning pages provide resources for small children through to adults, with specific information for teachers; there is a guide for family historians. A history section traces the development of the post from the Romans onwards, concentrating on the period from the Stuarts to the present day. Informative and attractive online exhibitions include How the Post Office went to War, Elizabeth, Queen and Icon, and Playing for the Cup. This user-friendly site was designed with accessibility in mind; it can be viewed in Welsh and a spoken version is available. Clearly laid out, the website includes FAQs, a glossary and a shop. The records in the archive were awarded designated status by the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council, in recognition of their national importance.
British Waterways is the public body responsible for maintaining inland waterways and developing their heritage. The website includes: activities; news and events; waterway network, containing maps of waterways; environment and heritage; and waterscape, a guide to leisure activities on the waterways.
The British Rocketry Oral History Project (BROHP) aims to document "the experiences of those who worked on the British rocketry programmes of the 50s and 60s", at a time when the British space programme was in many areas equal to that of the USA and the USSR. The website has details of the project, and the BROHP conference. As of August 2007, two sets of conference proceedings are available in printed form, as 'Prospero: The Journal of British Rocketry and Nuclear History'. Two sample full-text articles are freely available from the journal. The Project also covers the space race in Australia, since that was where Britain had test sites.
This website documents the extensive Brunel collections held at the University of Bristol. Covering three generations of the famous civil engineers, the focus is naturally on Isambard Kingdom Brunel, but these holdings are supplemented by papers relating to his father Marc and son Henry Marc. Holdings are listed at item level and range from correspondence through calculations, accounts and diaries to working drawings. Many IK Brunel’s major projects are well represented by material from the Clifton Suspension bridge to the experimental atmospheric railway. As well as outlining access arrangements, the website includes a brief history of the collection itself and a chronology of the lives of the Brunels.
The Brunel Museum website not only encourages people to visit its exhibitions, but also provides an interesting history of the building, its location, and the Brunel family. The museum itself is on the site of the oldest remaining piece of tunnel in the London Underground. This tunnel was designed by Marc Isambard Brunel in 1825, and he worked on it with his son, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, who later designed Clifton suspension Bridge and the Great Western Railway. The Thames Tunnel was the first tunnel to be built under a navigable river, and was a pedestrianised tunnel with a shopping arcade and amusements until 1869 when it started being used for trains. The principles of Brunel's new tunnel building system - to use a protective tunnel shield - are still used today. As an established museum supported by Southwark Council, the information should be pretty reliable and kept up to date. The site is very easy to use, although disappointingly the videos and flythroughs do not work on every computer. Most of the information that would be most useful to architecture students can be found in the "history and future" category.
This web page lists the three special collections held at Brunel University. The collections (much of which are searchable from the library’s online catalogue) include: the Murray Collection of 19th and 20th century children’s books; the extensive Transport History collection, focussed around railways from their beginnings to the 1980s; The Working Class Autobiographical, the extensive archive of material compiledby John Burnett, David Vincent and David Mayall to create the three volume bibliography ‘The Autobiography of the Working Class’ which set out to identify and record the existence of many previously barely known memoirs by working class people.
This official site tells the story of 'the world's first iron-hulled, screw propeller-driven, steam-powered passenger liner.' Built by Isambard Brunel for the Great Western Steam Ship Company, she was launched in 1843 and is now preserved in her original building dock in Bristol, the Great Western Dock. The SS 'Great Britain' Project is a registered charity, and the site includes information on the ship's history, future plans, making a donation, and conservation work.
Created for the 200th anniversary of Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s birth, in 2006 this website acted as a focus for a significant festival celebrating the achievements of this important Victorian engineer. Still live, the website now provides a document of the events that happened, as well as a useful introduction into Brunel’s life and career and surviving relics and locations associated with him. There is also a selection of Brunel-related images, copyright cleared for personal and educational use. As part of the preparations for the event, the website also includes a Word document which surveys the potential for a festival, and incidentally includes a detailed survey of Brunel-related buildings, structures, archives and sites of interest across the South West of England.
This is the website of the Canadian Canoe Museum in Peterborough, Ontario. The museum explores the canoe's enduring significance to the peoples of Canada. The museum's collection contains more than 600 canoes and kayaks and 1,000 related artefacts from Canada and around the world, and include aboriginal craft from North America as well as canoes built in the canoe manufacturing centres of Ontario, Nova Scotia and Maine during the late 1800's to early 1900's and examples of International craft from Senegal, Africa, Papua New Guinea, Taiwan, and Polynesia. The site also includes information about the canoeing heritage and cultures in Canada, exhibitions, exhibits and events, including a virtual tour requiring Java or Quicktime software, as well as details of the museum's education programs and other visitor information.
Part of the Transport Archive, Bridging the Years website explores the creation of Britain's first commercial waterway, the Bridgewater Canal, and the construction of the Manchester Ship canal over 100 years later. The site includes stories of the Manchester docks, the Bridgewater Canal, and the construction of the Manchester Ship Canal; a timeline; and maps of the two canal networks, as well as links to sites of further interest. The video clips are available in QuickTime and Windows Media formats. Bridging the Years is the result of a partnership between Salford City Council and Trafford Metropolitan Borough Council, supported by the New Opportunities Fund.
Published monthly `Canal Boat' contains information on Britain's canals and rivers including purchasing a narrowboat, suggestions for canal holidays and the opportunity to buy canal guides and videos on-line. The site includes feature articles from the latest edition; a facility to search for archived feature articles by keyword; subscription and advertising details; and links to related sites.
Created by the Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation (CMCC) in association with the Hudson's Bay Company, this Web site describes the history of the Montreal Canoe, the largest birchbark vessel ever used in Canada. The site examines the origins of the Montreal Canoe with reference to aboriginal canoe styles. It also discusses the canoe travels of Sir George Simpson (1786-1860), who was the Governor-in-Chief of the Hudson's Bay Company from 1821 to 1860. In 1830, he was accompanied on a journey by his wife, Lady Frances Simpson (1812-1853), who with her companion Catherine Turner, in 1830 became the "first British women ever to travel by canoe from Lachine (Quebec) to York Factory (Manitoba) on Hudson's Bay." The site also describes a regatta in Ottawa in 1860 involving canoes and other watercraft, which was attended by Edward, Prince of Wales. With scanned images from the Museum's and Hudson's Bay Company collections, as well as photographs of replicas and images of historic paintings, the site elaborates upon this method of colonial travel, how voyageurs portaged trade goods along with their goods, and the specific nature of those goods as the life blood of a fur-trade-based early Canadian economy. The site is also available in French. These pages should prove a useful resource for teachers and students, as well as interested members of the general public.
The Caravane Maritime site is connected with the AHRC-funded project workshop on the Caravane Maritime and its protagonists in the early modern Mediterranean, which took place at the University of Exeter in December 2007. Carvane maritime was the term designating the use of Western European, or Christian, shipping to carry Muslim goods and passengers around the Mediterranean. The ships used, therefore, can include inter-port carrying of trade by English, French, Dutch, Italian or Greek merchant vessels. The website contains details on the workshop itself, abstracts of the papers discussed, and research material bibliographies. There is also discussion of primary evidence and audio clips from the workshop that can be freely accessed.
The Centre for International Transport Management, London Metropolitan University aims to provide excellence in research, scholarship and education in international transport management. The Centre provides both postgraduate study as well as research facilities, and is also the editorial base for the journal, Maritime Policy and Management. Links from the site lead to further information on the university, application, and courses.
A Century of Royal Navy Submarines is an online exhibition from the Imperial War Museum which focuses on the progression of the Royal Navy Submarine Service from a force with tiny, slow and unwieldy craft capable of firing a torpedo only a few hundred yards to one with vessels which carry Britain's strategic nuclear deterrent and are able to launch missiles of huge destructive power over thousands of miles. This is a well laid out and detailed resource, which will be useful to anyone interested in the development of submarines and in the history of warfare in the twentieth century. The exhibition traces the development of the submarine in the Royal Navy and its use in warfare through the following sections: The First Boats, First World War, Interwar Years, Second World War, Clandestine Operations, X-Craft and Chariots, Conventional Warfare since 1945, The Nuclear Age, and Operations since 1945. A gallery of images from the Imperial War Museum is also included.
The website of Charlestown's shipwreck and heritage centre provides an interesting and informative introduction into this privately owned maritime museum, which is described as having the largest collection of shipwreck artefacts in the UK. Based at Charlestown, a Cornish fishing port, this heritage centre owns a diverse range of exhibits from the sixteenth century to the present day, from shipwrecks, fishing, lifeboats and diving equipment, to china clay and scrimshaw. Part of the Centre depicts the trade and exports associated with Charlestown, while the shipwreck section shows in photography, wreckage and salvaged cargo some of the shipwrecks from around Britain's coasts. Artefacts include those recovered from HMS 'Ramillies', which sank in 1763. Further displays tell the history of underwater exploration and the saving of life at sea. Visitor information is included. The website is illustrated with many photos and there are special pages of information which is easy to print.
The Chatham Dockyard Historical Society is based at the Museum of the Royal Dockyard, Chatham, and is dedicated to upholding the memory of Chatham Dockyard's contribution to serving the Royal Navy over the past four centuries. The site includes information on research papers, the Royal Dockyard Library, research, membership, photographs of items in the Museum, and news.
This site hosts an electronic discussion board on the subject of Clyde shipping and shipbuilding, past, present, and future. Some parts are only accessible to subscribers, and information is provided on paying subscriptions. There is also access to the Clydebuilt Database of Free access to over twenty thousand ships over the past two hundred years. Information on this part of the site includes shipping companies, shipwrecks, ships lost in war, and ships currently being built.
This website, written by an architect, provides a history of the western square-rigged sailing ship, from the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries. The study is laid out in chapters, complete with illustrations of the ships and specific features on them. The chapters run chronologically, looking in turn at the two-masted ship, the carrack, the galleon, the ship-of-the-line, and the full-rigged ship. Each chapter describes the development of the model in question, and highlights the difference between ships built in different countries. Also available on the site is a bibliographic page listing related books and websites as well as a study guide. The website has not been updated for some time, but it will still be useful for students.
During the First World War steel was becoming scarce so the government of the United States approved the construction of 24 concrete ships. Of the 24, only 12 were completed. In 1942, the United States Maritime Commission contracted McCloskey and Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to build a new fleet of 24 concrete ships. Three decades of improvements in concrete technology made this new fleet lighter and stronger than its WWI predecessors. Two of the ships saw service as blockships in the Allied invasion of Normandy. This site traces the history of these concrete ships, including photographs and individual vessel histories.
The website of the CSS Neuse and Gov. Caswell Memorial provides information about the CSS Neuse, an 'ironclad' gunship commissioned by the Confederate navy during the American civil war. The website is part of the North Carolina Historic Sites (NCHS) and is dedicated to two historic monuments of American history located in Kinston, North Carolina. The site gives a good history of the gunship: in 1865, the short-lived Neuse was quickly burnt and sank into the mud at the bottom of a river. It was raised in 1963 and is preserved at a historic site in Kinston. The story of the ship's construction, diagrams, paintings, contemporary letters and a list of the ships crew is presented on the site. The Governor Caswell Memorial shares this website with the CSS Neuse. There is brief information about the memorial and the deeds of the American politician Richard Caswell, revolutionary war general and statesman. A good list of related sites is offered. Information for visitors, including special events, location and opening hours are provided.
The Cunard Steamship Society is based in Canada and aims to bring together those who share a common interest in the rich history and proud tradition of the Cunard Steamship Company, and Samuel Cunard and his conquest of the North Atlantic by steam. The website contains information on the work of the society as well as membership details.
Built in 1869, the Cutty Sark is the last surviving example of an extreme clipper built for the China Tea trade. Now in dry dock overlooking the River Thames, her interior appointments have been faithfully preserved. Information on the site includes a history of the vessel, online tours, current restoration work, as well as visitor information.
Danish Maritime is the central organisation for Danish maritime industries. Contained here is a list of the Association's members and details about their activities. The website is available in English and Danish.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Digest of Welsh Historical Statistics: Transport, 1700-1975' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to download as a compressed (zip) file. This is a machine-readable version of part of John Williams' ‘Digest of Welsh Historical and is intended to provide a service for those working on the history of modern Wales. The main tables are: Canals. Mileage and costs at opening, South Wales and North Wales, 1700-1945; Canals. Iron carried on the Monmouthshire, 1820-1840, and Glamorganshire, 1817-1840, canals; Railways. Mileage, traffic and capital, 1848-1938; Roads. Mileage, 1860-1974; Road vehicles. Licences current, by type, 1926-1974; Ports. Total tonnage of coasting vessels belonging to main ports, 1709-1751; Ports. Foreign trade, value of imports and exports, main ports, 1857-1972; shipping registered at main ports, 1814, 1815, 1829; Ports. Cargo traffic through main ports, 1911-1974; Ports. Cargo traffic, by type of cargo, main ports, 1922-1974; Ports. Shipping movements: Cardiff, arrivals and departures, 1841-1886; main ports, arrivals 1911-1938, arrivals and departures, foreign and coastal, 1946-1971; Civil aviation. Movement, by type, passengers and freight carried, Welsh air ports, 1938-1974; Communication. Number of letters and parcels posted, 1938-1975; number of broadcast receiving licences in force, 1954-1975.
Part of the Thames Sailing Barge Home Page, this contains information on the Dolphin Yard Sailing Barge Museum, Sittingbourne, which is dedicated solely to Thames sailing barges. Dolphin Yard includes the original sail loft and forge which have been converted into a museum devoted to the history of the Thames Sailing Barge and the associated industries of brick and cement manufacture which once sustained the local fleet of barges. On display is a large collection of shipwrights', blacksmiths' and riggers' tools as well as models, plans and photographs. The site includes information on the museum, the restoration of the sailing barge Cambria, and visitor information.
'Donation Jacques Henri Lartigue' is the website of the official archive of the pictures made by pioneering photographer Jacques Henri Lartigue. The website contains details of the 'donation' (i.e.: archival collection), consisting of: 130 albums of Lartigue's original prints with captions (1880-1986); all his negatives, plates and slides; his diary from 1911 to 1986, and his cameras. The 'News' section has details of current exhibitions around the world. There is a short biography, chronology, bibliography, expography (list of exhibitions from 1955 onwards) and filmography. There is also a Flash-based presentation on the themes of his pictures, although this is presented in a pop-up window and is difficult to navigate. The 'Donation' is also known as the 'Association des Amis de Jacques-Henri Lartigue, Paris' and it is based in Paris, France.
The Doxford Friends Association website details the history and development of the Doxford Marine Diesel Engine between 1878-1980. The site also gives information on the engineers involved with the development and some family history on the Doxford family. A Gallery Page includes maps, photos of engines and vessels and other images related to the Doxford Marine Diesel Engine. Contact details and background information about the Doxford Engine Friends Association is available, and links to other websites about the Doxford Engine are given.
The website of the Duyfken 1606 Replica Foundation records the story of the first documented voyage to Australia. The Foundation has built a full-scale replica of the VOC ship at the Duyfken Village Shipyard in the grounds of the Maritime Museum of Western Australia, Fremantle. Users can access a history of the original Duyfken's voyage, including a map, and two timelines that illustrate the discovery of Australia. Other topics covered include early navigation methods, the importance of spices and the political background against which the Duyfken sailed. The second half of the website is concerned with the building of the replica, and the 2000 and 2002 Duyfken Expeditions. These include Captain's logs, photo galleries, a QTVR Gallery of the 2000 voyage (requiring QuickTime Virtual Reality plugin), and video microdocs of the 2000 voyage, containing videos, stills, crew journals, and the chance to e-mail the crew. Users can download a cut-out plan and instructions for making a model of the Duyfken and the site contains three MPG videos of the launch of replica.
A registered charity formed in 1983, the East Kent Maritime Trust promotes the maritime and associated heritage of East Kent. The Trust is responsible for the Ramsgate Maritime Museum, the Margate Seaside Museum, the North Foreland Lighthouse and Preston Court Oast and there is information about each of these on the site. The Ramsgate Maritime Museum concentrates on the maritime past of the Ramsgate region and is located on the site of the Ramsgate Meridian. There are permanent displays on the development of the Harbour, Navigation, Fishing, Lifeboats and Shipwrecks. Also contained in the museum are artefacts recovered from the wreck of Stirling Castle. The Margate Seaside Museum collections reflect the town's maritime history and success as a seaside resort. The site also contains information about the Trust's historic vessels, Sundowner, Cervia, New Britannic, Strandby and Khaki. Contact details and visitor information for each of the museums is provided.
This collection, about the rise of steamship transportation, includes extensive documentation of the history of 352 American steamship companies. It is held at the Mariners' Museum, Virginia and contains thousands of photographs, extensive notes, ephemera, and clippings from nautical publications, newspapers, and other media. The database relating to this collection can be searched electronically. Each record describes the contents of the file on that company and other information, such as ports touched, regions served, and types of cargo and passenger service. There are also records for each of the vessels operated by these companies which include highlights of the vessel's history, including any name changes, military service or involvement in disasters. Database search tips are provided.
'The Empire that was Russia: the Prokudin-Gorskii photographic record recreated' is a 2003 Library of Congress online exhibition of unique colour photographs from late imperial Russia. The photographs were created by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863-1944) just prior to the First World War. There is biographical material about Prokudin-Gorskii and his expeditions, and a chronology. The gallery contains over 50 pictures, and these are divided into: 'Architecture'; 'Ethnic Diversity'; 'Transportation'; and 'People at Work'. There is a discussion of the digichromatography colour process used by Prokudin-Gorskii.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'English Slave Trade, 1791-1799 : House of Lords Survey' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To examine the growth of slave trade to the America's, the internal dynamics of its volume, and how it compared with other trades within the British Empire and with other leading slave trade routes of other European powers. The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of: Ship's name, tonnage, home port of ship, departure date, African port of arrival, date of African arrival, slaves taken on board (total number), slave mortality, slaves relanded before African port departure, number of slaves shipped, date of African departure, American port of arrival, date of arrival in New World, number of slaves landed, date ship left America.
Equasis aims at collecting and disseminating quality and safety-related information on the world's merchant ships provided to it by holders of such information, for example public authorities and industry organisations. A list of the providers of the data is included. Current information on their database includes the ship's name, gross tonnage, type of ship, ship's flag, ship manager, registered owner, and address. France and the EC currently fund Equasis, and for the user, access to the database is free of charge. In order to search the ship database for the first time the user needs to register by choosing a user identification code and password. There is also a discussion forum, which was established in order to create a place for exchanges about quality shipping. The site contains frames.
This website is published by a maritime historian, Don Ross, and looks at the history of Clipper ships in the United States. The site focuses on Clipper ships in the nineteenth century, and pays particular attention to shipbuilder Donald McKay: the site's author is his descendant. The site is quite extensive and rather jumbled, but it contains a great deal of information about the advances in ship building in design on the east coast of the United States. As well as the narrative history of Clipper ships, there is also a collection of maritime links, and a bibliography. A book by the site's author, 'The Era of the Clipper Ships: The Legacy of Donald McKay,'can be ordered via the website.
Erie Maritime Museum presents the region's maritime heritage and the story of US 'Brig Niagara', the reconstructed flagship of Pennsylvania and the warship that won the Battle of Lake Erie in the war of 1812. The site also includes: US 'Brig Niagara's specifications, her involvement in the Battle of Lake Erie and an extract from the Log; details of the ship's sailing schedule; a virtual tour; photo galleries of the ship and crew; events; opening hours; and location details.
The Falmouth Packet Archives website is maintained by an enthusiast and offers users free access to transcribed archival material relating to postal packets which sailed from Falmouth between 1688 and 1850. Although the information could be useful to researchers, the appearance and layout of the site could be greatly improved. This ended 162 years for Falmouth, Cornwall as the Communications Gateway to Britain. The site's author has included a list of repositories holding Falmouth's postal packet-related material to assist researchers. Also included is: a list of Packet Commanders employed in the Falmouth Postal Packet Service; information about Edmund Dummer's Packet Service and their ships; Royal Navy Packets (1823 -1850); H.M.Paddle Steamers; Branch Packets; Falmouth Packet routes and other European routes; Steam Contractors; Post Office Packet Agents; British Postmaster Generals and Secretaries; and the American Post Office. There are links to articles from the American 'Journal of the Continental Congress' 1774 - 1789, which recorded daily proceedings of the Congress. Other features include a bibliography; a timeline of events; and links to related sites. There is a facility to search the site and frames are used.
This website is a personal site about the merchant ships built during the war known as the Forts, the Parks and the Oceans. These ships were built in Canada and the USA during the Second World War as part of the lend-lease agreement, and the website also includes the 16 Royal Navy Maintenance and Supply vessels built to the same specifications. There is an introduction describing the history of the building of these vessels, and further descriptions of the different designs used. There is also a brief description of one of the Canadian shipyards that completed over 100 of these ships. There is a section relating to each type of vessel - Forts, Parks, Oceans and Royal Navy Maintenance and Supply vessels - which includes background information on each type, and an alphabetical fleet list with the details and brief history of each ship. The section on the Forts also includes a separate list of the war damages and losses to this class, and highlights the SS Fort Longueuil and the Fort Bellingham, their loss in the war, their crews and the attacks that led to their loss. There are photographs of various ships throughout the site, and a links page lists external sites covering the Merchant Navy, ships and shipbuilding during the Second World War.
The French Lines Association aims to highlight the heritage of the French shipping lines, particularly those of the Compagnie Générale Maritime and the Société Nationale Maritime Corse Méditerranée, through the collections of the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique and the Messageries Maritimes. The site includes links to the history of the shipping lines, 1851 to 1998, with photographs and descriptions of ships. There are also links to the paper, object, photo, film, and trade-mark collections, with their exhibition centres in France. Fee-based research is available by e-mail request. There is also a bibliography of shipping lines, liners, iconography, shipbuilding, ships, and a link to the latest edition of society's newsletter. The site is available in both English and French.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'French Privateering, 1793-1815' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of names of ship, captain, managing owner; port from which vessel sailed; vessel's tonnage, numbers of cannon, carronades, swivel guns; size of crew; year when vessel made its cruise and year of construction; indicators of whether the vessel was captured and whether sailing with 'Guerre et marchandise' marque. Additional information based on the records of the High Court of Admiralty shows the name of the ship, the name of the captain, the name of the captor vessel, the vessel's tonnage, the size of the crew and the date of capture.
This site focuses on the role and development of the Germany Navy, the Kriegsmarine, during World Wars One and Two. The site includes information on the Hochseeflotte, the German fleet building program before WWI, Kriegsmarine ships of WWII, articles, Germany's fleet building program of WW2, captured ships, Kriegsmarine operations and battles 1939 - 1941, naval aviation and Kriegsmarine victories. The site is not affiliated with the German Armed Forces.
This website provides information on the Gipsy Moth IV, the ketch in which Sir Francis Chichester made his solo around-the-world voyage. Built in 1966, the Gipsy Moth IV took the English yachtsman and aviator from Sydney, Australia via Cape Horn to Plymouth, England.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Gloucester Port Books, 1575-1765" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The aims of this dataset are to compile a computer database of Gloucester Port Books to study internal trade in the Severn Valley region; to formulate a standard approach to the computerisation of port books; and to undertake case studies in trade and industry using port book and other evidence. The Exchequor Port Books are a unique and invaluable source for studying coastal trade from the late 16th to the early 18th centuries. They record in detail the movement of boats which passed on coastal voyages between domestic ports and havens, naming operators and boats involved in the trade and describing the cargoes carried. The Gloucester Port Books database describes some 2 million discrete entities of information relating to the movement, organisation and operation of goods traded coastally. These data will facilitate research into a wide range of topics including the importance of waterborne trade with details of the range of goods carried in all economic sectors, the impact of river navigation on industry, and the role of river trade in early modern industrial development.
Berthed on the River Thames, the Golden Hinde is a fully operational reconstruction of the vessel aboard which Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe. The site gives visitor information and details of educational visits, Tudor workshops and opportunities for experiencing what life was like for sixteenth century seafarers.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File examines the history of the Great Eastern, the iron steamship designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel and constructed by John Scott Russell and Company at Millwall. It follows the ship's career until she was broken up in 1888, and looks at the use of iron to construct ships, the problems of using steam to power ships, transatlantic crossings, and the limited success of the Great Eastern.
Maintained by an enthusiast, this website contains images from postcards, photographs and ephemera related to ships. The collections are indexed by ships on the site, and Liverpool landing stage views.
The Guildhall Library Manuscripts Section website provides a guide to the holdings of the Guildhall Library, the local record office for the City of London. In addition to the general guide to records held, the site contains more detailed Leaflet Guides to Records. These include City of London Livery Companies; Corporation of Trinity House; Lloyd's Captains Registers; and the Company of Watermen and Lightermen. The Business Records subject index covers fish, insurance, shipbuilding, shipping and trading companies. The site also includes news, details of newly catalogued collections and Guildhall Library publications, in addition to access information, statement of objectives, collecting policy and facilities for donors and depositors.
This personal Web site developed by Gunter Krebs focuses on providing photos, technical and historical data on all ship classes in the US Navy since 1880. The main classes are: surface combatants; submarines; patrol; minelayer; minesweeper; amphibious; auxiliaries; and yard craft. At the time of review, the site contained information on more than 900 ship classes. Naval historians and enthusiasts will appreciate the organization of the site, which groups ships according to type and juxtaposes all ships of a certain type from different time periods. It is consequently possible to browse the site intuitively and grasp the historical development of crafts such as aircraft carriers, which particularly reflect changes in technology. However, this point also applies for all crafts here listed. The site also contains links to sites of further interest as well as an annotated reading list and advertising.
This classic sailing frigate of 46 guns was built for the Royal Navy in the Chatham dockyard and launched in 1824. She is now almost certainly the best preserved and least altered old wooden hull in the world. Open daily to the public the site includes visitor information, and the history of the ship. The website contains advertising.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File examines the role of Henry VIII in the establishment of the Royal Navy. It looks at why a navy was so important to England and how England fought sea battles before special fighting ships were built in Tudor times. It looks at the most famous ship built for Henry VIII, the Mary Rose, and the new dockyards that were built in Woolwich and Deptford. It describes what life was like aboard Tudor warships, and examines how sea battles changed to suit the new ships. This file includes links to the Fact File on the Woolwich and Deptford dockyards and to the Mary Rose museum.
The website 'Heritage Afloat' provides information on this charity, which was set up in 1993 to give a national voice to all those who are helping to preserve ships and all other aspects of Britain's maritime past. The site gives information on the Barcelona Convention, a Code of Good Practice for owners and operators of traditional vessels; the work of Heritage Afloat; and details of membership which also provides access to a discussion group.
This site is maintained by the Historic Naval Ships Association (HNSA) and vessels represented by the Association are included in this guide. Ships are listed by location, name, and type. The majority are American, but there are also ships from Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece and the Netherlands. The time periods represented include warships from the American Revolution (1775-1783), the Early American Republic (1797-1854), U.S. Civil War (1861-1865), the Spanish American War (1898), U.S. Coast Guard vessels of the inter-war period (1919-1939), merchantmen of World War II and a Soviet missile patrol boat of the Cold War (1945-1990). The types of vessels include battleships, cruisers, destroyers, submarines, PT boats, tall ships, tugboats, and deep-diving research submarines. The site also contains general information about the HNSA; associate members (listed by naval, maritime and military organisations; ship acquisition projects; other museums and for-profit ships; and suppliers of products and services); HNSA membership details; a list of reunion groups and periodicals which publish reunion notices; naval ship information on the Internet; U.S. Secretary of Interior's standards for historic vessel preservation projects; and information about the National Maritime Alliance.
The Submarine Force Museum in Groton, Connecticut, is the home of the submarine Nautilus SSN 571. It is the only submarine museum operated by the United States Navy, and as such is the primary repository for artifacts, documents and photographs relating to U.S. Submarine Force history. The museum traces the development of the 'Silent Service' from David Bushnell's Turtle, used in the Revolutionary War, to the modern Los Angeles, Ohio and Seawolf class submarines. The museum's collections include more than 18,000 artefacts, 20,000 significant documents and 30,000 photographs. The library contains 5,000 volumes of reference and research material related to the history of U.S. submarines and is open to the public. The site includes a virtual tour and history of the Nautilus SSN 571. There is also visitor information; links to other navy and submarine websites; a list of the commanding officers of the vessel; and information on the United States Submarine Force Medal of Honor.
The website 'Historic Ships in Baltimore' is dedicated to a collection of military vessels harboured in the US city. There are several ships: the famous USS Constellation; the US Submarine Torks; US Coast Guard Cutter Taney; and the Lightship Chesapeake. Also part of the museum is the historic Seven Foot Knoll Lighthouse dating from the middle of the 19th century. Each of these vessels has its own subsite with a short history, images and noteworthy events. Information is available for visiting and educational resources.
Historic ships in Baltimore (formerly the Baltimore Maritime Museum), in Maryland USA, features ships that represent America's maritime heritage. They include the Taney, the last warship afloat to have survived the attack on Pearl Harbour; the lightship Chesapeake and the submarine Torsk, that served in the Second World War. The site includes photos, information on the museum and its exhibits and a newsletter.
The website draws together the reports and research of the United States National Park Service, which is responsible for the preservation of a wide range of sites, from landscapes to historic buildings and monuments. Publications date back to the 1960s and are organised thematically and by site. This resource is of benefit to anyone interested in the history of the United States, and particularly as recorded in its monuments and historic landscapes. The website is also a rich source of material for the history of historic preservation and conservation.
The History of the London Tube Maps is a personal webpage featuring a collection of the various incarnations of the map of the London tube (underground) transport system from 1889-2002. The collection is simply and cleanly presented on a single scrolling page, and each map is annotated. Large thumbnail images lead to full-sized map images. Images are presented at very large sizes, and without watermarks. The website also contains scans of artist-made tube maps, such as MacDonald Gill’s fantastical Wonderground Map of 1913. This collection will be especially interesting to designers examining the evolution of Harry Beck's design classic, as well as to historians seeking older maps of the tube system in London.
This site focuses on HMS Barham which was sunk on 25th November 1941 by the German submarine U-331. Information on the site includes survivors' accounts; a history of the role HMS Barham played during WW2; and a section of questions relating to the vessel. Information is also provided on what is being done to protect the war grave site of HMS Barham and other warship war graves; casualty statistics and a related books list. The site also contains links to sites of further interest.
This website includes visitor information, as well the history of the HMS 'Belfast', information on the HMS 'Belfast' Association, educational resources, and links to sites of further interest, as well as to information at the Imperial War Museum on tracing family history. There is also a virtual tour of the ship (requiring either Flash or Java to view). The History of the HMS Belfast is described in this website. It provides a useful history of the service of this Royal Navy cruiser, from her construction in 1936, to her final commission in 1963. The history of HMS Belfast is broken into several chapters, covering the ship's specifications, the construction and launch, service in the Second World War, including Arctic convoys, operation Tungsten, and D-Day, post-war peacekeeping, and the Korean War. Throughout the text is illustrated with several good archival pictures. In 1971 she was saved for the nation, and is now moored as a museum on the River Thames. The vessel is part of the Imperial War Museum's group of museums.
HMS Cavalier Association campaigns for the preservation of the Cavalier as a heritage object and memorial to the destroyer men who died in WW2 on the Atlantic and Arctic convoys. HMS Cavalier is the only surviving Royal Navy World War Two destroyer. This website contains information on HMS Cavalier, such as its specifications; photographs; commissions; information on the association and membership; and links to sites of further interest.
This site contains information on the frigate HMS Trincomalee, which was built of teak for the British Admiralty in Bombay. She was launched in 1817 and is now the oldest British vessel afloat. She is a full 3-masted ship-rig with a 150 feet deck length. HMS Trincomalee saw active service throughout the world before spending some time as a training ship in Portsmouth under the name of Foudroyant. She is now berthed in Hartlepool's Jackson Dock. The site includes Historic Trincomalee: background information such as Sea Warfare in the Age of Sail, Construction, and the Royal Navy Service; Virtual Trincomalee, a virtual tour of the ship, including ships' plans; and visitor information.
These pages were created by Peter Milford of St.Vincent College, Gosport to commemorate the bi-centenary of the Battle of Cape St. Vincent. HMS Victory is preserved in Portsmouth Historic Dockyard. She is the only surviving 18th Century ship of the line, and is the flagship of the Second Sea Lord, Commander in Chief Naval Home Command. An illustrated virtual tour of the ship provides facts and figures, and views and information on various parts of the ship such as the weather deck and gundecks. The site gives an illustration of life on board the ship, comparing the lower deck with the Admiral's cabin, and looking at the galley, daily rations and the sickbay. Tourist information is also included.
HMS Warrior is the first and last armoured iron hull warship. She is now berthed in Portsmouth's Historic Dockyard. The site includes information on the construction, the history, and life on board the battleship, as well as on the officers, restoration, and facts and figures relating to the vessel. Visitor information and links to related sites are also included.
Formed in the 1950s, the Hong Kong Shipowners Association represents operators, ship finance banks, lawyers, insurers, shipbrokers and classification societies. The website is divided into five sections. The Association section covers: aims and history; fleet statistics (tonnage by flag and by type); committee members; contact details and membership details. The Members Directory gives contact details for: shipowners, ship managers and ship operators; classification societies, consultants and surveyors; marine equipment, shipbuilders, repairers and engine builders; marine insurance; maritime law; ship finance; ship registration and port authorities; shipbrokers; and other services to shipping. The site also contains news items from 1999 onwards, an events listing, a password protected members area and links to related sites. Parts of the site are also available in Chinese.
The Honourable Company of Master Mariners was founded in 1926 and aims 'to encourage and maintain a high and honourable standard of ability and professional conduct in the officers of the British Merchant Navy.' The site includes information on the history of the Company, and its Hall, HMS 'Wellington', and the Company structure. There is also a section of information on British seafaring, and links to sites of further interest, as well as a members' only area.
The website 'Hospital ship Britannic', maintained by an enthusiast, traces the history of the Britannic, built in 1914 for the White Star Line, and with modifications following the Titanic disaster. The Britannic was requisitioned as a hospital ship in 1915 and modified again, making six voyages to the Mediterranean, evacuating thousands of wounded soldiers from the battlefields of the Eastern Front during World War I. However, the vessel was lost in only 55 minutes after a violent explosion in November 1916. The role of the Britannic as a hospital ship, the disaster itself, the mystery surrounding the cause of the explosion, and a description of the wreck are explained on this site, accompanied by photographs, diagrams and maps. Also included are a crew list, the ship's specifications, and a gallery of photographs, artwork and memorabilia.
This site gives information on the history of hovercraft development and operation, together with details on the craft and artefacts in the Hovercraft Museum. Hovercraft representing the various stages of development have been collected by the Hovercraft Society and later the Hovercraft Museum Trust; these are now on display at the Hovercraft Museum, Gosport. Collections include the Thornycroft Model Collection and the Hover Hawk Collection. The site gives a full inventory of Museum craft and items, in some cases with images and more information such as dimensions, performance, special features, and heritage value. The site includes links to the Hovercraft Museum and Society, as well as information on Sir Christopher Cockerell, and hovercraft history.
A site designed to celebrate unlimited hydroplane racing. Although the site gives particular emphasis to the Golden Age of the '50's and '60's, coverage also extends back to the beginning of the 20th Century. There is a section on individual boat histories, with various facts, figures and photographs. Also included are descriptions and statistics of races including the Gold Cup and Harmsworth races. The history of the world straightaway speed record is also documented. The sport's personalities can be examined and a tributes section acknowledges those who lost their lives racing or in pursuit of the water speed record.
The website of the Independence Seaport Museum, based in Philadelphia, reflects the maritime history of the area and its port with an attractive and well laid out resource. Exhibits include the history of Philadelphia's role in the China Trade that began in the late 1700s. Photos and information are available for the museum's two historic ships, the cruiser USS Olympia, and the submarine Becuna. There is an interesting oral history project bringing submariners and school students together, which includes a video. There is an educational program and the museum has a library which is also a maritime research centre for the region. Opening hours and contact details are provided.
This site contains an alphabetical listing of sailing ships, including schooners, barquentines, brigs and other merchant sailing ships that were either built or owned in Barrow-in-Furness, Ulverston or the Duddon during the years 1840 to 1920. For those vessels highlighted, there are links to further information, which includes the launch date, dimensions of the ship and the name of the shipbuilding company. In some cases there is also a brief history or photograph of the vessel. This is part of a wider website on maritime history, entitled Through Mighty Seas, which is maintained by an enthusiast.
Listed here are ships that were built at Glasson Dock, Lancaster including schooners, barquentines, brigs and other merchant sailing ships. A history of most of the ships is also provided including the year built, technical data, and sources of information. This page is part of the Through Mighty Seas website maintained by an enthusiast.
This site contains an alphabetical list of sailing ships, including schooners, barquentines, brigs and other merchant sailing ships that were built at Workington or Harrington. For those vessels which are highlighted, there is a link to more information, which includes the launch date, the ship's dimensions, details of the shipbuilder and a brief history of the vessel. In some cases there is also a photograph. This is part of a wider site on maritime history, which is entitled Through Mighty Seas and is maintained by an enthusiast.
The site 'The Industrial Revolution and the Railway System', created by Julia Lee and maintained by Robert Schwartz of Mount Holyoke College, presents a wide variety of information on the railway system of nineteenth century England and Wales. The website includes primary source material in the form of extracts from six prominent Victorians voicing their opinions on the railways and articles from the Illustrated London News. The newspaper articles are divided into different categories relating to the railways, such as: accidents and disasters; stations; personalities; and politics and economics. The images section of the site contains a large number of Victorian images portraying the period as a whole and not just the railways. These images have, unfortunately, not been annotated. The site as a whole is also well illustrated. The data analysis section contain a wealth of information. There are, for example, maps showing growth of the railways, population distribution and natural resources distribution. Robert Schwarz provides a commentary on his data analysis. Other features of the site include student research projects and a section of links.
This is the website of the Institute of Railway Studies and Transport History at the University of York. This substantial website has all the elements and listings that one would expect to find from a major academic institute. In August 2008 the Institute was awarded a major £300,000 research grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Council, to examine 'The Commercial Cultures of Britain's Railways 1872-1977'. The website also contains: a 'Working papers in railway & transport studies' section offering 11 full-text papers; a full online collection of the institute's 'What the Papers Said' publication (short themed anthologies of extracts from original newspaper reports and commentary on British railways); an online exhibition of railway heraldry; and details of two scholarly mailing-lists administered by the Institute, 'railway-studies' and 'transport-history'.
The Association was established in 1991 and now includes 56 member and associate member companies. IAATO is dedicated to: appropriate, safe and environmentally sound private-sector travel to the Antarctic. Included on the site is brief information on the companies belonging to IAATO; an overview of Antarctic tourism; guidelines and operational procedures; information papers and tourism statistics; and links to sites of further information.
The International Journal of Motorcycle Studies is a free full-text academic ejournal of motorcycling culture. The IJMS is published twice a year, and covers the historical experience of motorcycles and "the images of motorcycling and motorcyclists in film, advertising and literature". At November 2008 there are ten issues online, and the focus is largely on the U.S. and British experience. The contact page of the website also gives access to a IJMS Web Board for reader discussions. The website has full details of the Editorial Board, the submission process, and a rationale for the journal. This ejournal will be of great interest to scholars examining the history and/or cultural representation of motorcycling in the English-speaking nations.
Established in 1993, the International Register of Shipping is an independent classification society engaged in the classification and certification of shipping. Site includes an outline of its services and products, and contact details of all its worldwide offices.
The International Ship Suppliers Association (ISSA) represents nearly 2,000 ship suppliers throughout the world. The website provides a ISSA Register listing ISSA members, and there is also an ISSA Code of Ethics; conditions for the international shipstore trade; credit control; a list of maritime links; membership information; and details of ISSA publications.
The International Transport Workers Federation (ITF) was founded in 1896 by European seafarers' and dockers' union leaders. The organisation brings together 621 transport trade unions in more than 137 countries world-wide, representing members in every branch of the transport industry. The ITF website contains information on the work and history of the union; offices; and particular workers' sections, such as fisheries, inland navigation, ports, and seafarers, with information about the groups, campaigns, links to further information, and policies. The publications section includes free publications such as ITF Information Sheets, and the ITF Handbook. Information is available on the ITF Seafarers' Trust, dedicated to the spiritual, moral and physical welfare of seafarers, including information on applying for a grant. The ITF News On Line is published weekly by email or the website and past articles are archived onsite (in PDF format). The site is also available in German, Spanish, French, Russian, and Swedish, as well as English.
The Intrepid Museum is a former US Navy WW2 aircraft carrier, now located in New York. Together with the submarine USS 'Growler' and over twenty-five aircraft visitors are treated to an inside look of life at sea, past, present and future. The destroyer U.S.S. 'Edson' and the guided missile submarine U.S.S. 'Growler' are also open. The site includes information on the aircraft of the 'Intrepid', such as a Blackbird spy plane, a British built Harrier jump jet, a Concorde passenger jet, and a Polish Mig 21. There is also information on exhibits, the flight stimulator, and events and activities, as well as visitor information.
Mersey and Irish Sea Shipping is an on-line magazine for those interested in the Mersey and Irish Sea shipping scene. The site includes: maritime events, contacts, directories, features and queries (this includes a database of ships that have appeared on TV and films in the UK and Eire), marine radio, Irish sea cruise ship calls, news, a photo gallery, voyage reports, and a large number of links to related websites. The website contains advertising.
The Irish Seamen's Relatives Association (1939- 46) was specifically formed to provide as much information as possible for the benefit of relatives of seafarers who were killed as a direct result of belligerent action while serving on neutral Irish Registered Vessels during World War Two. The website includes information on crews of neutral Irish registered vessels sunk during WWII; a table of wrecks; legal details concerning merchant shipping and WW2; medals; Merchant Navy POWs; Photographs; Newspapers; links to sites of further interest; links to archives; and a history of the Irish Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleet during World War Two.
A collection of sources of information about the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company, this site is maintained by an enthusiast. Among the information included are excerpts from two books; The Isle of Man Steam Packet Co. Limited. 1830 - 1904, by A.W. Moore, published in 1904, and also How The Manx Fleet Helped In The Great War, by C.J. Blackburn, published in 1923. There is a list of ships used between 1830 and 1930 which includes date of launch, measurements and details of the shipbuilder. There are also images of some of the steamers, such as the Ellan Vannin, the Empress Queen and the Ramsey. The site includes a list of off-line sources for further reference.
Information on the Classic Boat Museum, Newport, is available on the Isle of Wight guide website. The Museum focuses on the work and skills of designers and craftsmen of the past. Collections include the river launch 'Flying Spray', the first racing yacht the 'Dragon Mistress', engines, equipment and sailing memorabilia.
John's Nautical and Boatbuilding Page is a website that focuses on boatbuilding and sailing for enthusiasts, with information relating to boats, covering themes from nautical literaure to the US Navy. The site contains advertising.
These pages provide information on the history of the Kennet and Avon Canal at work, its restoration, and a brief guided tour.
The Trust was initially formed to restore the then closed Kennet and Avon Canal from Reading to Bristol as a through navigation and as a public amenity. Since it opening in 1990 the Trust has continued to work to safeguard navigation. The Trust's four branches are described - Bath and Bristol, Claverton, West Wilshire and Devizes. Other sections detail news and events and links to related sites.
This Thames sailing barge was built for the English coastal trade in 1923 at a gross tonnage of 117 tonnes. She is privately owned and now normally operates for corporate charter but also appears at sailing barge races and events. The site includes the barge's history and a picture gallery.
Windermere Steamboats Salvage Scheme focuses on key stages in the development of steam launches on Windermere. Some of the exhibits have been salvaged from sunken wrecks and restored to working order. The website gives a history of the Museum and the boats, as well as events and recent news, and visitor information and links to related sites.
This website includes information about ocean liners of France, Germany, Greece, the UK and United States and promises more from other countries. There are separate pages for each company with background details and sections about the ships in their service from the early 19th century to the present day. The pages contain contemporary photographs, postcards, printed ephemera of the ships and links to related websites. Teachers and undergraduates will especially find this site to be a good illustrated resource for initial study of the historic period of steamship travel from roughly 1860 to 1960. Users can search an index of over 100 names of famous ocean liners. The site's offerings on the Cunard line are particularly strong. Nonetheless, the site would benefit from more substantial historical essays, and teachers would do well to supplement the site's attractive pictorial information. Parts of the site were still under construction and there were some broken links at the time of review.
Part of the Liddle Collection at Leeds University Library is the Royal Navy and Merchant Navy [RNMN] Section containing over 430 sets of personal papers of men who served in the Navy during the First World War. This webpage provides Information on this collection including background information and details of the scope and content. This includes: diaries; personal letters; scrap books; Admiralty and naval papers; ship's magazines; and concert party programmes. Many of the key areas of naval engagement are represented, especially the bombardment of the Dardanelles and the Gallipoli landings, the Battle of Jutland, the raids on Zeebrugge and Ostend, and the surrender and scuppering of the German High Seas Fleet. Admission times and details about using the special collections are provided elsewhere on the Library's site.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Liverpool Trade and Shipping, 1744-1786', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). The aim of this project was to produce a machine-readable edition of the Liverpool Plantation Registers 1744-84, and of the known voyages, masters, shipowners, and life histories of the vessels listed therein through to 1786. Key topics covered include: Liverpool overseas trade and shipping; transatlantic voyage patterns; slave trade; Liverpool shipowners and merchants; war and its impact on trade and shipping.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File looks at the practice of painting load lines on the sides of merchant ships, which became commonplace in the time of Samuel Plimsoll. It explains why ships should not be overloaded, the concern for safety at sea, sailors' worries about the dangerous condition of ships, and Plimsoll's involvement and discoveries. The Fact File includes several verses of a popular song written about him. Details of when load lines became compulsory and how they work are also included.
'Locks, docks and beyond...' is a dynamic website, resulting from community project work supported by the Huddersfield New College. As the whole site is displayed within a Flash presentation. Normal Web browser controls like 'Back', or copying, do not work, therefore the user is restricted to an online experience, which is nonetheless impressive. Photographs, sounds, maps, illustrations and links to related Internet resources, are presented, in a cohesive and attractive narrative local history of the Huddersfield Narrow Canal, (closed in 1950), from Standedge Tunnel through the Pennines from West Yorkshire to Titanic Mill, Lancashire. Images and memories of the Colne Valley village life are presented along side contemporary views, and photographs of modern celebrations of folkloric traditions like the Moonraking at Slaithwaite every February.
This is the website of the London Canal Museum, which is situated at King's Cross. The museum provides tours of narrow-boats and a history of London's canals, cargoes, tunnels and waterways. The website includes a section on each of London's canals (in the 'history' area); maps of UK canals and rivers from 1700-1800; a virtual tour of the museum; and information about the Ice House, which stored ice, imported from Norway. The ice house area also has a history of ice cream; information about Carlo Gatti (1817-1878), who is credited with first making ice cream available to the general public; and 'Ragazzo', an ebook about a fictional Italian child, Ragazzo, who, in 1848, was found abandoned in a London street by Gatti. The 'education' area has a teacher zone, learning zone and family zone, all of which provide activities, information, trails and worksheets for children.
The London Tube Map Archive is a small online exhibition of one of the great icons of British graphic design, the diagrammatic map of the London underground transport system. The webpage contains 25 variant examples of the famous map, from 1908 until 1999. Other similarly-designed maps of London, dating from the 1990s, are also shown for comparison purposes. Images are generally clear and of a reasonable size, but a few are small. The Web page appears to be a personal project that was published in 2002, authored by transport enthusiast and designer James Bow.
This paper focuses on the period 1950 to 1970 when containerisation in the United States revolutionized maritime shipping and labour. How the unions representing longshoremen in San Francisco and New York responded to the increasing mechanization of cargo handling is a significant part of this study. The article ends with a list of publications referred to by the author. This article is part of the National Maritime Museum Journal for Maritime Research (December 1999).
The website 'Los Angeles Maritime Museum' is the homepage of this institution which was founded in 1980, and is situated in the former Municipal Ferry Terminal in the Port of Los Angeles. The seven galleries of exhibits explore the maritime history of Southern California. The site includes visitor information, together with information on the tugboat Angels Gate and brief information on the collections and research facilities.
Berthed at Lowestoft, the Lydia Eva is the last surviving steam drifter. She is being restored to full sea-going condition by the Lydia Eva Charitable Trust Ltd. The site gives information on the vessel's history and her career in both the herring industry and the Royal Navy. Advertising is contained on the site.
The Nautical Museum is located on the Isle of Mann, and is a branch of the Manx National Heritage. The displays centre on the 18th Century armed yacht Peggy lying in her original boathouse. The site includes information on the Cabin Room, built in the form of a stern cabin of Nelson's day, and the Sailmaker's Loft. The site is part of the Manx National Heritage section of the Isle of Man Government website.
This is the main website for 'MapHist: e-mail discussion group on the history of cartography'. The list concentrates on... "historical maps, atlases, globes and other cartographic documents", and membership is open to all interested parties. The website hosts an 'Illustration page' and a 'Discussion papers' page, where members deposit scholarly items for the list to discuss. These pages are open to non-members. There is also a 'History of Maphist' page, and external links to old (pre-2002) archives of the mailing-list. There is a short page about dragons and other monsters that appear on early maps, containing some details of the history of such maps, and a partial list of known early examples. MapHist is not to be confused with Maphist Article Manager, an annotation software tool for historical maps.
The Marine Leisure Association (MLA) is the representative body for UK based sailing and motor boat schools. The website provides a list of Royal Yachting Association (RYA) recognised training establishments and courses. The list, which is split geographically by region, gives contact details, a link to the sailing school websites, a list of specialities, and a brief description of the school facilities and sailing conditions. Also included on the site are federation membership details, and links to related sites.
Established in 1975, the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes incorporates renovated historic shipyard structures, the Pump House Steam Museum, the retired ice breaker Alexander Henry, a library and a drydock which is being restored by the Great Lakes Maritime Heritage Centre. Exhibits cover Lake Ontario shipwrecks, sail and steam, industrial archaeology and steam engine rooms. Research papers on the site include: a narrative description of the Archival Collections; the Kingston Dry Dock (with photographs and an extensive bibliography); the restoration of the steam launch Phoebe, with a photo archive; an introduction to the sources for the study of Great Lakes history at the National Archives of Canada; and government archives sources relating to marine casualties in Canada. The Finding Aids were produced by staff at the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston, and include access to information on the following; Port Arthur shipyards, German & Milne, Collingwood Shipyards, Upper Lakes Shipping, and the Vickers Shipyard Collection. The scope and content of the collection is described, as are the textual corporate records subgroup and the second subgroup of naval architectural drawings. A number of indexes and databases are available to search, and a sample of photographs relating to Canada Steamship Lines are included. The site also includes: visitor information; museum publications; a series of finding aids; MarHst-L, an international listserve for marine history; the Preserve Our Wrecks Photo Project; and brief details of educational programmes. Links to related websites and to companies which support the Marine Museum are included on the site.
This section of the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston website provides links to a range of collections catalogues and research resources. Information is available on: the Library; artifacts; the Museum Ship; 'Alexander Henry'; the Wallace and Mills Ship Lists (the former covering over 3,000 Canadian sailing ships; the latter, over 6,000 steamships from 1817-1930); and the Ship Register Database (of 13,000 vessels, ranging from about 1760 - 1930). The Snider Index, an index to Schooner Days a series of articles that appeared in the former Toronto Telegram, is also included, as well as access to the Listserve MARHST-L, an email list for those with an interest in maritime history and maritime museums.
Mariners focuses on researching marines and ships of the merchant marine and the world's navies. Ten countries are listed and for each research guides, addresses, related Internet sites, and any other relevant sources of information are provided. The countries included on the site are United Kingdom, United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, West Indies, Germany, Denmark, Finland and Norway. There is also a listing for ships (WWI and WWII Standard built); shipping companies; the East India Company; disasters at sea; a booklist featuring books about shipping companies and naval fleets; and general research (Lloyd's maritime records, mailing lists and related Internet links).
This site contains information on the collection highlights of the Mariners' Museum, located in Virginia, United States of America. Collections covered are those of ephemera, figureheads, fine and decorative arts, ship models, photography, and scientific instruments.
The website "Mariners' Museum Online Exhibitions" showcases the resources available online from this museum based in Virginia. Themes include; Exploration through the Ages; USS 'Monitor', History and Legacy; Captive Passage, the Transatlantic Slave Trade and the Making of the Americas; Battle of the Atlantic, Allied Naval Intelligence in World War II; Birth of the United States' Navy, and Women and the Sea. Each exhibition has its own site, with manifold information. This website is a good resource for the maritime history, world trade and naval history.
'Maritime and naval museums in Britain and Ireland' is an online guide that lists about 290 maritime and naval museums in Britain and Ireland, in alphabetical order. The site also contains seven additional files: a set of small scale maps showing the locations of the museums; a regional index to the listed museums; maps of their locations; an auxiliary list of approximately 700 historic and classic vessels in the British Isles; details of some classic non-museum vessels in commercial or private operation; links to other sites related to maritime museums and heritage; a condensed version of the information on museums; and an introduction to the site. Entries in the files contain information such as contact addresses, opening times, Web site (if available), and a short description of the collections. The historic vessels are museum-ships in their own right, privately owned, or part of the collection of one of the museums listed.
This page lists Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) asked of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. The FAQ Archive is listed in the left hand column. The questions are divided into the following categories: Royal Navy; Passenger Liners (namely, Queen Elizabeth 2, Lusitania and Mauretania ); Customs and Origins; Battles; People; Topography; Titanic; Vessels; Astronomy; On Board; and General. Questions cover Horatio Hornblower, Admiral Byng, Napoleon, Captain Scott, Foudroyant medallions, the biggest tanker and warship ever built, navigation lights, the British Empire and the South Sea Company.
The Maritime Heritage Project and its interesting website are run by an enthusiast dedicated to preserving the history of California's shipping from the 1850s to the turn of the century. The project focuses on steamships serving the West Coast of the United States, their captains, and passengers. The site contains a search engine for 30,000 ships, captains and passengers; a record of sailings in alphabetical order; information on barques, brigs, ships, clippers, steamships and ship wrecks; captains sailing from the Port of San Francisco; VIPs and ports. There is a blog, which is little used. The site also contains books and links to sites of further interest.
The website presents online discussion of, and information, on cruise-liners. Although a little cluttered, the website is nevertheless easy to use with a 'current news' section (providing information and pictures on a wealth of topics relating to cruise-liners), a featured articles section (which provides a number of discussion points on literally hundreds of different cruise-liners) and an archive section (which provides access to the back-catalogue of essays and articles). Many, if not most, of the links available direct the user to a separate blog which includes information and pictures on the cruise-liners under discussion. There is also information on 'future ships' (i.e. ships which are currently under construction, or in the planning stages) and links to 'shipcams' which provides a number of links - some of which are now out of date - to cameras installed in various ships throughout the world. There is unfortunately no easy way to search or browse through the material available at present, but the wealth and amount of information is impressive.
The Maritime Museum of San Diego's collections include the six historic vessels: 'Star of India', 'Berkeley', 'Californian', 'Medea', 'Pilot' and HMS 'Surprise' (the ship used in the academy award winning film, Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World starring Russell Crowe, based on Patrick O'Brian's books about Captain 'Lucky' Jack Aubrey and Stephen Maturin). Users can read a detailed history of each. The site also includes visitor information; upcoming events; an index from 1964 onwards to the quarterly journal Mains'l Haul published by the museum; the Museum's School Education Programme; and the MacMullen Library and Research Archives.
The website of Southampton Maritime Museum, which is run by Southampton City Council, provides basic visitor information, including contact details and opening hours. There are details of its exhibitions, including the Titanic exhibition: RMS Titanic sailed from Southampton and most of her crew lived in the town. Opened in 1966 in a former wool house, Southampton Maritime Museum tells the story of this town and port since the Victorian period. This is a fairly basic resource and as it is part of the council website it is not always easy to navigate.
The Mary Rose website provides information on the famous Tudor warship, built between 1509 and 1511, and rediscovered in the 1960s and raised in 1982. (The site also includes dispatches from the dive vessel Terschelling, from the further excavations undertaken during the summer of 2003). It was due to the dogged determination of Alexander McKee that the great ship was rediscovered. In addition to the ship, a treasure trove of Tudor artefacts, which have been catalogued in an online searchable database, were recovered. These are on display at the Mary Rose Museum, along with a life-sized reconstruction of the Barber Surgeon's cabin. The site is easy to navigate and provides illustrations of the reconstruction along with technical details of the marine archaeology of the project. The site offers information about its archaeological services, learning resources for schools, especially for Key Stage Two. This site is of broad interest to those interested in the Tudor period and naval history. Some documents are available only in PDF format and some presentations require the Flash plugin.
The Matthew is a replica ship based in Bristol harbour. The original ship was used by John Cabot and his crew for their voyage of exploration to North America in 1497. There are details of the 1997 re-enactment of the original voyage from England to Newfoundland, and the 2001 channel voyages. Other topics include the history of John Cabot's original voyage and the age of exploration including life on board ship; navigation methods; a glossary of marine exploration terms; statistics relating to the ship; and the opportunity to serve as a crew member on future voyages. There is also information about the Matthew Society.
The Mauretania website has been created by Tyne and Wear Archives Service with funding from the Heritage Lottery Fund, to provide free access to photos, information and educational resources about the most famous ship built on Tyneside. This is a well laid out and interesting website, which will be of interest to historians, researchers, local people and anyone interested in great liners, ship building and technology such as dazzle paint for camouflage. The Education pages provide guides for teachers and parents for keystage 2/3. The Gallery pages provide photos, maps and magic lantern slides from the design of the Mauretania to her final voyage; there are excellent images of the shipyard workers. On the Community pages there are personal recollections and images of artefacts associated with the ship. The Story pages provide a detailed history of the Mauretania. There is also a Glossary and Games. The RMS Mauretania made her maiden voyage to New York in 1907; she held the Blue Riband for the return journey from that year until 1929. She served as a troop and hospital ship in the First World War and returned to being a cruise liner until she was broken up in 1935.
The McCorkell Line was principally an emigrant shipping line carrying passengers from Ireland, Scotland and England to the Americas. The main aim of their website is to sell lithographs, prints and memorabilia of its 19th Century ships which may be purchased online. The site also contains information about the Company and some of their ships and Northern Ireland genealogy sites.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum (NMM), is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. It outlines ways of tracing information about merchant shipping wrecks, losses and casualties in British waters and overseas. It is divided into: Lloyd's sources from 1741; Parliamentary Papers from 1850; official inquiries from 1856; the Mercantile Navy List from 1875; and secondary sources.
The aim of the Merchant Navy Association (MNA) is to gain recognition for the part played by the Merchant Navy in the defence and development of the United Kingdom. Its aims are to preserve the memory of those seafarers that have died in the service of their country and foster pride in national maritime heritage. It provides facilities for welfare, and keeps shipmates in touch with one another. As well as information about the society there is a careers page and a fee charging research service.
The Merchant Navy Officers Pension Fund (MNOPF) began in 1938 and provided generous benefits designed to meet the needs of ship's officers within the many changes in UK pensions law and practice. In 1996 the MNOPF was closed to new members: however, information exists on the site concerning circumstances in which officers may still be eligible. Contact details for the Merchant Navy Officers Pension Plan (for officers, cadets and trainees aged 18 or over) are included on the site. The website carries information on the management of the trust; joining and rejoining the MNOPF; participating employers; the most recent annual report: announcements; publications, such as the scheme's booklet, and the Trust's deed and rules; details of the State pension scheme and personal financial planning; contact details; dispute resolution; news; FAQ; and links to sites of further interest.
One of a series of research guides available on the National Archives website, this page provides valuable information on merchant seamen and shipping, especially from the 18th century onward. The site explains the contents of the Registry of Shipping and Seamen (RSS) with reference to the records that are held at the National Archives. Links are provided to explanatory leaflets describing the major collections available, including: Merchant Seamen: Service Registers, 1835-1857; Merchant Seamen: Service Registers, 1913-1972; Merchant Seamen: Officers' Service Records, 1845-1921; Merchant Shipping: Agreements and Crew Lists, 1747-1860; Merchant Shipping: Agreements and Crew Lists after 1861; Merchant Shipping: Registration of Ships, 1786-1994; Births, Deaths and Marriages at Sea, 1837-1972; Apprenticeship Records; Merchant Seamen: Medals and Honours; and Merchant Seamen: Royal Naval Reserve. Additional appendixes on the site help users to interpret extra information, such as abbreviations. Historians can browse down to the general collection level, but not to the archival levels of files or individual documents. They can, however, pre-order these sources online from this site prior to research visits to the National Archives.
The Merlin Rocket Owners Association site contains: the history of the Merlin Rocket Class restricted design racing dinghy; news items; sailing fixtures and results; the latest positions in the Silver Tiller Series; contact details for clubs sailing Merlin Rockets around the UK; open meeting reports; details of acquiring basic boat handling skills; tuning tips for older boats; and boats for sale. A design guide looks at the various designs of the Merlin Rocket, with sections on current popular designs, a simple guide to secondhand prices and standards, boat building, and a review of Merlin Rocket designs.
The State Historic Preservation Office of the Minnesota Historical Society are responsible for preserving Minnesota's Lake Superior shipwrecks and other underwater archaeological sites in Minnesota's lakes and rivers. The pages of the Minnesota Historical Society include information about the shipwrecks, a history of Minnesota's Lake Superior, history and development of Great Lakes watercraft, details of eight shipwrecks, a shipwreck map and bibliographic references. There is a convenient list of shipwrecks, which includes 47 ships wrecked in Lake Superior (ship name and type, the year the vessel was built and wrecked, wreck cause and the ship's current condition).
The website 'Monsters of the Sea: The Great Ocean Liners of Time', created by an enthusiast, provides histories and photographs of the great ocean liners of the 20th century. Among the ships included are the RMS 'Aquitania'; the HMHS 'Britannic'; the RMS 'Queen Elizabeth'; the RMS 'Queen Mary'; the RMS 'Mauretania'; and the RMS 'Titanic'. The histories of the various ships discuss the background to, and career of, each vessel. The site also contains a picture gallery, a message board, and links to related websites.
Motor Torpedo Boats (MTB's), were developed to be able to mount a quick response to threats from any seagoing vessel either warship or submarine. This site is about one such vessel, the MTB102, which was launched in 1937. This site details the career of the MTB102 (renamed 'Vimy' in 1943), during World War Two and the evacuation at Dunkirk, and following the end of the war, during which time the MTB102 was refurbished and used in films. Technical information is included, such as the dimensions and construction of the vessel. The MTB102 Trust has been set up to raise funding for the continued upkeep of the vessel and contact details are provided.
Contained in this Museum are the archaeological remains of five ships known as the ships of Fiumicino. Details provided about the ships include the history of their discovery, wooden shipbuilding, daily life on board and ship equipment. There is also information about the Port of Claudius during Imperial Roman times, and museum visiting hours. This page is part of the Navis project which aims to create an international database for the ancient ships of Europe. It is supported by the European Commission Directorate General X.
The Museum of Ancient Shipping is situated in Mainz, Germany. It aim is to provide an overview of the manifold connections between the Mediterranean and northern Alpine boat-building traditions on the one hand, and the social standing and responsibilities of Roman marines on the other. There is information about the exhibits, which include five military ships of the late 3rd and 4th century, model ships, and an explanation of Roman ship construction. The museum address and opening hours are provided.
This is the website of the American Aviation Museum, at the Robins Air Force Base. There are highly animated and visually and orally stimulating presentations about the military aircraft collection exhibits and aviation history. Exhibits online include: the Aviation Hall of Fame; 14th Air Force; 43rd Bomb Group; RAFB and World War Two Commemorative; History of Flight; The Korean War; The Tuskegee Airmen; and The Robert Scott Story. The website engages the senses with entertaining yet easily navigable and informative content, snappy graphics - some like a pilot's head-up-display, sound effects of aircraft, innovative use of technology, and consistent use of graphics and navigation menus. The site includes games and interactivity for children and older researchers to enjoy. The website won the Gold MUSE Award 2003 for Promotion of an Institution from the Media and Technology Standing Professional Committee of the American Association of Museums (AAM).
The Museum of London website provides a host of information about the museum and its collections. The site has details of permanent collections and of past and current exhibitions. The Museum's galleries deal with all aspects of London life. This site provides a taster for the galleries and exhibitions, which include life on and around the Thames from prehistoric times to the present day. The museum has a strong interest in the archaeology of London and this is reflected on the website. There is a section devoted to the London Archaeological Archive and Research Centre (LAARC), which includes a searchable catalogue of London archaeological sites and general information on archaeology in London. The learning section contains information and resources for teachers. Other features of the website include details on: opening hours, location, events and news. The site includes a database of oral sources, and contemporary opinions on London and by Londoners. Parts of the site (especially useful for visitors) can also be viewed in German, Spanish, French, and Italian.
Situated in Newport, Rhode Island, the museum was founded in 1980. The museum has a collection of yachts, artefacts and exhibits which interpret the sport and its history. Exhibits include a collection of classic boats, an America's Cup gallery, an American Sailboat Hall of Fame, and a Single Handed Sailors Hall of Fame. The site also includes information about the Courageous, which is the Rhode Island State Yacht, and a Newport yachting history. Museum opening hours and contact details are provided.
The Dutch lifeboat service through the ages and the safety aspects on the water are the themes of the displays in this museum situated at Den Helder in the Netherlands. The Lifesaving Museum is named after a well-known sea rescuer from the region, Dorus Rijkers (1847-1928). Artefacts displayed include original lifeboats, ship models, scale models, paintings, pictures, distinctions, life-saving equipment and films. Visitor details are provided. The site is available in Dutch, and an introduction is available in English or German. Frames are used.
These notes briefly describe the unpublished sources noted in the National Register of Archives (NRA), the principal relevant repositories with strong business collections, other useful links and general works of reference. The sheet provides pointers to information held in the NRA personal, business and organisations indexes, and to the collections of specialist repositories who hold suitable information relating to shipping and shipbuilding companies. The sheet also provides useful addressees, a list of surveys, and works of reference, and sources for published information about companies.
Records relating to canals held at The National Archives include the records of canal companies and the government's involvement in the canal transport system. The leaflet looks at the records of: the Board of Trade, such as the regulation of goods' transportation rates and fares; the Ministry of Transport, including the papers of the Docks and Canal Division; the British Transport Historical Records Section; and parliamentary and judicial sources. A selection of material from other records held at The National Archives is also given, relating to: the Wey Navigation; the Caledonian Canal; the Royal Military Canal Commission; the Norfolk Estuary Company; and the Inland Waterways Association. Five sources for further reading are also provided.
One of a series of Information Leaflets from The National Archives, this provides details of the abbreviations used by the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen (RGSS) when entering details of voyages etc. in the various registers of service for seamen, masters, mates, engineers and fishing officers. Abbreviations listed are those for rank or rating, for destinations, port numbers for ports in the UK and also for colonial ports. Other leaflets on records of merchant seamen can also be viewed on the site.
One of a series of Information Leaflets from The National Archives, this explains the way in which the entries for individuals in the Registers of Seamen's Tickets, and in the Alphabetical Register of Masters, often give details of the voyages which he undertook. It provides researchers with information on how to interpret these records, both of home trade voyages and foreign trade voyages. Other information leaflets on merchant seamen records are available on this site.
This page is part of the site of The National Archives and focuses on voyages undertaken by Merchant Navy officers, which until 1888 were recorded in an abbreviated form. Information on decoding such information is given on the site, using examples taken from Home and Foreign Trade voyages.
Part of a series of Information Leaflets produced by The National Archives, this provides a guide to interpreting the entries for seamen in the Registers of Seamen Series II at The National Archives. There is information about home trade voyages and foreign trade voyages along with two examples of records and how to decipher them. Other information leaflets about merchant seamen are available on The National Archives website.
This leaflet briefly introduces the system of rewards before looking at the six medals granted for gallantry at sea by the time of the Second World War: Albert Medal (in Gold and Bronze); Board of Trade Silver and Bronze Medals for Gallantry in saving life at sea; and Board of Trade Gold and Silver Medals for Foreign Services. The leaflet covers the Egyptian Medal and the Sea Transport Medal, before turning to the four medals awarded to merchant seamen during the First World War: 1914-1915 Star; British War Medal; Victory Medal; and Mercantile Marine Medal. The leaflet ends by outlining information currently available on awards presented during the Second World War.
Produced by The National Archives, this leaflet begins by looking at early sources - such as Port Books, Board of Trade Shipping Returns and Customs Records - giving information on the registration of ships before 1786. The leaflet explains transcripts and transactions and looks at these records for the years 1786-1854, 1854-1889 (divided according to Merchant Shipping Acts) and for 1889 onwards. For each period the leaflet outlines the type of information provided. The leaflet also covers: lists produced by customs officers of ships registered in Plantation and UK ports; fishing boats; changes of master; and official logs. Sources for further reading are provided.
This leaflet, produced by The National Archives, provides information about the records they hold which deal with the personnel of naval and victualling establishments. They also hold some information about Ordnance employees. The records cover Naval Bases in the UK and throughout the world and will be of particular interest to those researching naval, dockyard and family history.
Passengers is a Web page about a National Maritime Museum exhibition which documented the historical development of passenger vessels and companies alongside personal stories and experiences of travellers. Three topics were featured - Why Travel By Sea?, Life Aboard Ship and Passenger Ships. The Why Travel By Sea? topic covered: Leaving the Hardships of Home; For Work and Duty (troopships, armed merchant cruisers and hospital ships during wartime, such as 'Uganda', 'Aquitania', 'Garth Castle', 'Plassy' and 'Carnarvon Castle'); and For Pleasure (featuring vessels such as 'Montclare', 'Viceroy of India', 'City of Rome', 'Chusan' and 'Orizaba'). The topic Life Aboard Ship covered: The Experience of Sea Travel; Class; Entertainment (some 26 exhibits, for example entertainment on board 'Transvaal Castle', 'Windsor Castle' and 'Armadale Castle'); Food; and Interiors/Accommodation. Passenger Ships looks at: From Sail to Steam; The Great Liners ('Titanic', 'Mauretania', 'Queen Mary', 'Queen Elizabeth' and 'Canberra'); Ruling the Waves (some 30 exhibits featuring 'United States', 'Bremen' and 'Great Britain'); and Disaster at Sea. Users can also access the information through an atlas, timeline or search facility.
The Museum is located in the former Mariners' Church, Dún Laoghaire, designed to accommodate the seafarers whose vessels sought shelter in the asylum harbour of Kingstown. Exhibits include: an officers barge captured during the French invasion of 1796; a working optic from Baily lighthouse in Howth, North Dublin; artefacts relating to the 'Great Eastern' and her Irish Captain Halpin, such as a clockwork model of the ship; models, photos, documents, and uniforms connected with the history of the Irish naval service; and the merchant vessel 'Kerlogue', which was active during the Second World War.
The National Mississippi River Museum & Aquarium consists of the William Woodward Discovery Center containing aquariums; the National Rivers Hall of Fame; and the Fred W. Woodward Riverboat Museum. The site also contains information on the Dubuque County Historical Society, Mississippi River Museum, and National Rivers Hall of Fame Archives. The site also contains visitor information.
Part of the National Parks Service of America, this site lists sailing ships open to the public, and details homeport, current and historical use, and contact information. There are also links to further information about historic vessels.
The National Railway Museum at York is a department of the Science Museum, and tells the story of the railway. The collection covers railway shipping operations including circa 1870 rolling stock from Seaham Harbour, bells, plaques and model ships, such as the diesel-powered Suffolk Ferry owned by the London and North Eastern Railway and the British Railways. The site includes visitor information, educational and library services, links to other sites, and press releases. A small collection of online photographs include views of viaducts, the Scarborough bridge and the Forth Bridge.
The National Historic Ships website provides access to the National Register of Historic Vessels (NRHV), a database listing over 1200 vessels built before 1955 that survive in the United Kingdom. This resource has been developed by the National Historic Ships Committee (NHSC) as a way of authoritatively evaluating the significance of historic vessels, and is made available by the NHSC with the support of the National Maritime Museum, the Heritage Lottery Fund and English Heritage. The NRHV includes a Core Collection of 58 vessels, defined as being of 'pre-eminent national importance', which includes famous ships such as: Cutty Sark; Mary Rose; HMS Victory; HMS Warrior; SS Great Britain; and HMS Trincomalee. The NHRV also includes a list of Designated Vessels that contains 155 records and includes those vessels which are of considerable historic interest. It is possible to conduct searches for information on specific vessels, and the site also includes a discussion group, and links to the Core Collection or Designated Vessels list. The Core Collection and Designated Vessels may be viewed as lists. The whole collection may be browsed by vessel function (e.g. 'fighting vessel'), and is also searchable. Each individual vessel record includes the following information where possible: status; function; type; current location; current use; overall length; displacement and gross tonnage; builder and date built; any web address; history of the ship; any previous names; and bibliography. The records are brief but highly informative. Each entry contains the name, builder, year, and type. Many records include images of the vessels, which are also most interesting. Vessels included in the database must fulfil the following criteria: to have been built in the UK before 1955; to be over 40 foot long; to be based within UK waters; to be substantially intact; and to be of great significance. The site is easy to use and navigate. This website is a remarkable and rich resource which will be of great value to scholars and students of maritime and naval history.
This is the website of the National Waterways Museum, which is located in three areas of England: at the northern end of the Shropshire Union Canal at Ellesmere Port, at Stoke Bruerne in Northamptonshire, and at Gloucester Docks. Ellesmere Port was once one of the busiest transhipment ports in Britain as goods were moved from canal craft to sea going ships and vice versa. The traditional canal crafts housed at the museum are one of the world's largest floating collections and include narrowboats, canal barges, river barges, canal and river tugs, icebreakers and a coaster. Stoke Bruerne is located in a restored corn mill situated alongside the Grand Junction Canal. The canal was constructed under the supervision of William Jessop, probably the greatest canal builder. Work started on the canal in 1793, in order to provide a direct route from London to Birmingham, and the stretch through Stoke Bruerne was completed in 1804. Gloucester has been an important stopping point on the River Severn since Roman times, although it was not until 1580 that Elizabeth I granted Gloucester City port status by a charter including authority to collect customs. With the opening of the Gloucester and Sharpness Canal (which took 34 years to complete), Gloucester was able to deal with new trade – wood from the Baltic, corn direct from Ireland and the Mediterranean and wine and fruit from Portugal. The site includes education programmes, details about the three museums, events and links to related sites.
Created by the Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation (CMCC), this website looks at a selection of Native watercraft from the Museum's collections which highlights the creativity and skill of Indian and Inuit boat builders. The four main sections of the site look at: kayaks, covering construction, conservation, and kayaks of the Mackenzie Inuit and the Central and Eastern Canadian Inuits; umiaks, covering construction and examples; bark canoes, looking at construction and different types of bark canoe (Algonquian, Dene, Kootenay and war); and dugout canoes, covering construction and styles. The site also contains a photo gallery, conservation in preparation for the Wave Eaters exhibition, a bibliography of more than 40 books and links to related sites. The site is also available in French.
This site focuses on the work of Nautilus, a trade union and professional organisation for more than 18,500 skilled and experienced maritime staff working in the UK and international shipping industries, both at sea and ashore. These include Merchant Navy officer ranks, and shipmasters, deck and engineer officers, electrical and electro-technical officers, cadets, marine pilots, vessel traffic services staff, harbourmasters and other shore-based staff. The site includes information about Nautilus (an acronym for National Union of Marine, Aviation and Shipping Transport Officers) and its history; publications (reports and campaign material, and the monthly newsletter, 'The Telegraph'); Nautilus campaigns; Nautilus welfare services; careers information; and a reunion service. There is also a membership-only area.
This is the homepage of the Naval Dockyards Society, an international association devoted to the study of the history and the understanding of the social and working life surrounding dockyards. The Society welcomes academics, ex-dockyard personnel, interested independent scholars and family historians into its ranks. Many are conducting research in the Admiralty Archives. The Society holds an annual conference and details regarding membership and conference participation are posted along with: recent news; a bibliography of naval dockyards; and links to other relevant sites. The site offers short historical essays on particular dockyards which help to elaborate on this world; these essays are supported by archival references and will be useful as a starting point for study or teaching. Users will note the Society's support of important research proposals, including a plan to foliate a large collection of correspondence by dockyard managers, naval officers and the Navy Board, 1658-1837, held by the Archives of the United Kingdom. This support is in keeping with the Society's aim to support ongoing and new research, including oral history, in this field. Also of interest is the Society's newer work in conservation of dockyards as historic sites.
The Naval Vessel Register (NVR) contains information on on ships and service craft that comprise the official inventory of the US Navy from the time of vessel authorization through its life cycle and disposal. It also includes ships that have been stricken but not disposed. Ships and service craft disposed of prior to 1987 are currently not included, however the data is gradually being added along with other updates. NVR is produced by the NAVSEA Shipbuilding Support Office (NAVSHIPSO) in cooperation with the US Navy (Logistics) and Naval Sea Systems. The Quickfind section allows the user to look for active and inactive vessels, or browse for hulls either via an alphabetical list, by type, by unit identification code or by maintenance category. Information available includes: status, force, builder, dates, dimensions and custodian. The Ships section of the site covers: fleet size (ship battle forces, local defense and miscellaneous support forces and active in commission); hull types; an alphabetical list of ship names; homeports of active and NRFA ships; status summaries and definitions; an alphabetical list of ship custodians of current and former US Navy ships; and an alphabetical list of planning yards as assigned by the Fleet Modernization Program. The Service Craft section similarly covers hull types, names, status, custodians and planning yard assignments. The site also includes information on the NAVSHIPSO and links to related sites.
NavSource is a photographic history of the U.S. Navy, providing building, service and final fate information on US Navy vessels. The site is divided by vessel type and includes images of naval life. There is also a search engine, and documents and images of Pearl Harbour.
The Navy League of Canada was established in 1895 to promote an interest in Maritime Affairs generally throughout Canada. The site includes information on the three sections of this organisation, the Navy League Cadets, the Sea Cadets, and Maritime Affairs. The site also contains information relating to further services for members, and is available in English and French.
Nelson's Dockyard Museum is situated in Antigua, and is the last remaining example of a Georgian Naval Dockyard. Details of the history of the dockyard are outlined on this site which includes: the establishment of the dockyard by the British in 1725; its importance during the Napoleonic Wars with the French, 1790-1815; and its subsequent use until 1889. This page is part of a website about Museums in Antigua and Barbuda.
The Half Moon is a reproduction of the ship that Henry Hudson sailed from Holland to the New World in 1609. The ship is based at the New Netherland's Museum, Albany, New York State but also makes sailing trips. Included here is a brief history of the original voyage and information about the construction of the replica ship. The site is illustrated with photographs and images. The website is also available in Dutch.
This website belongs to the Nomadic Preservation Society, a society devoted to the restoration and preservation of the S.S. Nomadic. The S.S. Nomadic was a passenger transport ship which served and transported, in the most opulent style, passengers from Cherbourg to the R.M.S. Titanic. The Nomadic is, therefore, the last floating connexion to the Titanic. The website presents a history of the society's formation and efforts to save the ship and a diary of events. Of more significant, however, to academic users will be the history of the Nomadic from its construction through the twentieth century (a history which is accompanied by numerous photographs), as well as a history of the ship's builders and of the White Star company. There are also a large number of photographs of the ship's refurbishment and technical layouts and specifications, as well as a virtual tour (requiring QuickTime) of the ship. A highly interesting website which benefits greatly from the passion and dedication of the society's members.
The Nordic Underwater Archaeology website is a valuable resource for anybody interested in maritime archaeology. It provides an excellent introduction for those who have little knowledge about the subject and also has abundant links and online article for those working in the field. The site includes databases of wrecks, links to worldwide societies, museums, authorities, online journals, international news articles, legislation and conferences; and advice on investigation methods, salvage and recovery, and conservation. A paper describes the difficulties in ascertaining the difference between Portuguese and Spanish ships. This is a good website, not only about for the Nordic area but on a worldwide basis. This website is solely the work of Per Åkesson, and has no official status but has support from The Swedish Underwater Archaeology Society (MAS) for its publication. The value of the site is attested to by the number of contributors who have submitted material. The principal language of the site is English but parts have been translated into a wide range of other languages.
The Norfolk Naval Shipyard is a US Navy industrial facility situated in Portsmouth, Virginia. The aim of this site is to act as an introduction to the vast industrial capabilities available at NNSY, and what the shipyard has to offer.
Created to celebrate the two hundredth anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar, the official website of HMS Victory provides detailed information on the ship and her crew. Much of the site focuses on HMS Victory's role as the flagship of Admiral Lord Nelson's fleet at Trafalgar in 1805; it includes a muster roll of the men on board. Attractively illustrated with photographs, cross-section diagrams and a newspaper report of the battle, this is a useful site. Despite being in dry dock at Portsmouth, HMS Victory is still a commissioned warship and is staff by the Royal Navy, so some information is given about her history between Trafalgar and the present day. As the ship is open to visitors, the standard information for tourist attractions is provided, including opening hours and ticket prices. There are many pages for schools, generally key stages 1 and 2, with a transcript of the tour given to schoolchildren. Some areas of the site have not been updated since 2004 and a few links do not work.
The RMS Republic, a steamer belonging to the White Star Steamship Company, collided with the Florida and sunk on January 24, 1909, 50 miles south of Nantucket Island on the United States Eastern Coast. All passengers and crew survived and were rescued except for those killed in the initial collision. Irrepressible rumours from that date onwards suggest that the ship was carrying a great deal of money including $3,000,000 of American Gold Eagle coins. The site tells the story of the RMS Republic, illustrated with photographs of the original interior, and provides details of the reported riches she was carrying. There is an incomplete passenger and crew list, reports of past salvage efforts, relevant press clippings and legal notices. An interactive section contains a chat room and message boards.
The Old Gaffers Association (OGA) was founded in 1968 to preserve interest in and encourage development of gaff rig boats. Membership of the Association is open to all who are interested in sailing, building, restoring or simply admiring gaff rigged and other traditional craft. They organise races and other events for gaff or lug-rigged vessels and classic yachts in various parts of the UK and the Republic of Ireland. They also have branches in Western Australia and France and links with sailing organisations throughout Europe, Scandinavia, Canada and the USA. The Association publishes a quarterly newsletter, the `Gaffers Log' and host a discussion forum on their site. Other sections include boats for sale, links to OGA branches, an events list, and membership details.
The website "Old World contacts" has been published and compiled by the Applied History Research Group, at the University of Calgary. A caveat is issued that the site is functional but not yet complete. It is part of a series of online tutorials. This tutorial takes as its focus travellers between 330 BCE and 1500 CE. Through the writings and records of merchants, military men, missionaries, and others, it examines the ideas of cross-cultural contacts, the concepts of the 'foreign'. The impact of these ideas and exploration on the Old World is discussed on this site. There is a good bibliography arranged according to themes, such as: Alexander the Great; travel and exploration; Arab medicine; the Huns; and the Crusades. The tutorials can be navigated by time period or by theme, which allows the user to proceed with flexibility. The themes explored in cross-cultural contact include: armies; colonists; merchants and traders; missionaries and pilgrims; diplomats and travellers; and modes of transport. A good site for undergraduate students and for their teachers.
Built in 1924, the Paddle Steamer Kingswear Castle is Britain's last coal-fired paddle steamer. The site outlines her career and preservation, and provides links to other steam and sailing sites. It is possible to charter the paddle steamer, and the site gives details of river trips from Chatham and Rochester. There is also information and photographs showing the refit of the Kingswear Castle and various other paddle steamers in Britain and abroad.
The Paddle Steamer Preservation Society operates Britain's only two working paddle steamers, the PS 'Waverley', and the PS 'Kingswear Castle'. This site contains information on becoming a member of the Society; content details of the latest issue of the Society's journal; and external links to the timetables for the two steamers.
Compiled by an enthusiast, the website 'Palmer List of Merchant Vessels' is a list consisting of descriptions of merchant vessels from all over the world, both sail and steam, mostly from the 19th century. Arrangement is alphabetical by the name of the ship, and details provided include the type of ship, date of launch, her master, a description and a photograph. S
The Paris memorandum of understanding (MOU) on Port State Control is the official document in which the 20 participating Maritime Authorities agree to implement a harmonised system of Port State Control. The Paris MOU consists of 20 participating maritime Administrations and covers the waters of the European coastal States and the North Atlantic basin from North America to Europe. The Paris MOU aims at eliminating the operation of sub-standard ships through a harmonized system of Port State control. The site includes contact details of Port State Control authorities; annual reports; a current listing of the Paris MOU Inspection database of banned ships; current detentions; an Inspection database; information on the Memorandum of Understanding and the Appeal Procedure; and an explanation of Port State Control at work.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum (NMM), is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. The guide lists some of the NMM's photographic material (original photos, or photographs of plans, pictures or models) showing ships that have sailed to Australia and New Zealand.
Patriots Point Naval and Maritime Museum is a collection of US Navy vessels, a US Coast Guard ship, and a US diesel submarine. The site includes information on ships and naval aviation from WWII, with links to histories and photographs from their service; the journal of an ensign on a Coast Guard Cutter during WW2; information on the congressional Medal of Honor Society; maritime and naval history displays; Vietnam aviation and patrol boats; and the Navy Advance Tactical Support Base.
The author describes an un-named monster warship, the pride of the fleet of King Pyrrhus of Epirus, which was used in battles during the 3rd Century BC. Specific battles the warship fought in are mentioned and include the Battle of Mylae in 260 BC, where she was the command ship. The importance of this ship in shaping history is noted. This paper was originally presented by the author at the American Philological Association Convention in 1996.
This website, a subpage of the National Maritime Museum, provides an article on the life and work of the Australian sailor, author and photographer, Alan Villiers (1903-1982), commemorating the hundredth anniversary of his birth. The website contains a brief illustrated biography. A member of the first commercial Antarctic whaling trip, Villiers made a name for himself as a journalist and memoir writer, who famously chronicled events aboard a number of sea expeditions. During the Second World War, he received the Distinguished Service Cross for commanding landing ships. Researchers will find useful details here about the National Maritime Museum's Alan Villiers photograph collection. These photographs, which are part of the National Maritime Museum's historic photograph collection, contains some 20,000 negatives. They cover Villiers's experiences from the 1920s to the 1950s. The Museum also holds 150 cans of Villiers's films, from those same voyages. There are also links to the Museum's online shop where prints of his works can be purchased, and to the Atlas Gallery in London, where a porfolio of limited edition prints by Villiers is on display.
Part of the Plymouth Council website, these pages provide information about the types of archives located at the Plymouth and West Devon Record Office. These run back to the late 1100s and include: deeds; charters; minute books; private papers; manorial documents; reports; diaries; financial records; maps; plans; photographs; card indexes; as well as sources on microfilm and microfiche. Separate subsites describe in greater detail local cemetery records; various family history indexes; parish records; school documents; prison registers; and local and naval studies. Business records include details of the Plymouth Dock Water Company, the Plymouth Great Western Dock Company, the Sutton Harbour Improvement Company, and Torpoint Steam Ferry Company. The archive holds personal records, such as the journals, diaries and letters of naval officers. The site additionally offers a photo gallery, with samples from the record office's collections.
Users can search for detailed information in the site's online archive catalogue. A special page provides archival contacts who can help genealogists with their research. There is also a link to a cyberlibrary and to the index of records held in Plymouth on the Historic Manuscript Commission's National Register of Archives database. Contact details and visitor information are provided, as are relevant links.
This finding aid was produced by staff at the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston and was originally intended for on-site researchers at the Audrey Rushbrook Memorial Library and Archives. It provides a narrative description of some archival material (with Accession Numbers) from the Port Arthur Shipbuilding Company (PASCOL), a division of Canadian Shipbuilding and Engineering. During both World Wars, PASCOL built naval vessels for the British Admiralty. The first sections of the finding aid look at: the establishment of the Port Arthur Shipyards; the Western Drydock Company's first contracts; the Company's activities during World War I; the depression before the revival during World War II; the prosperity of the 1950's; and the shipyard's business in recent years. The finding aid goes on to give the scope and arrangement of the fonds (collection). The main part of the finding aid looks in detail at the Textual Subgroup, which is comprised of the Series: Payroll; Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable; Intermediate Accounting/Financial Statements; General Accounting; Purchasing/Sales Department; Engineering/Production (containing precise details of production, and repair estimation and contract negotiation); General Administration; and Personnel Department. It finishes by describing the Subgroup Graphic Records, which is comprised of Ship and Shipyard Plans.
PortCities Hartlepool, is a New Opportunities Fund digitisation project and is one of a consortium of partner projects around the British Isles, led by the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, London. The other sites are for London, Liverpool, Bristol and Southampton. The Hartlepool site provides information on fishing and industry associated with the town; ships and shipping, including wrecks, accidents and lighthouses; the port and the town; local people; and Hartlepool at war. Learning and education resources will help teachers introduce students to the history of ship-building; the development of local government, reflecting the huge population growth of Hartlepool and West Hartlepool in the 19th century. Researchers will find other information derived from primary source materials to be of use here, such as ships' registers from 1845 to 1855; lists of shipowners from 1860; details on local shipbuilders from the mid 19th century to the mid 20th century; primary source information on trades surrounding the shipbuilding industry; railway and harbour construction; great fires in the town.
PortCities Liverpool is part of an interlinked resource of Web sites focusing on the maritime history of the ports of London, Bristol, Hartlepool, Liverpool and Southampton. The site is supported by several local archives and libraries, principally Liverpool Library and Information Services. The Liverpool Web site includes information on the city's canals, tunnels, ferries, bridges, docks and shipping; the slave trade; cholera riots in the 1830s; the city during conflicts and wars, including the Second World War; photo galleries; and noted individuals, with samples from private papers. References are also made here to the history of entertainment and celebrations in the city. Researchers will also find a good subsite on the Merseyside Jewish Community Archives. A guide to local archives on this site will prove helpful for historians. This wealth of historical detail is bolstered by teaching tools that will allow teachers to use the site's materials to conduct lessons. The site has its own search engine and navigation is clear and straightforward.
The PortCities Southampton website is the home page of the Southampton branch of the PortCities UK project, and makes available a large archive of documents relating to the maritime history of Southampton and the surrounding area. Many of these sources will be made available for the first time. Most of the archive refers to the period 1930 to 1945 and covers the time of the transatlantic liners and World War II, but much of the site's supporting material takes a broader chronological approach. The site publishes a comprehensive range of secondary material, covering many aspects of port and maritime life. This material is organised into learning themes, which can be accessed via the site's left-hand navigation bar. These themes deal with the following broad subject areas: Southampton itself; registers and records for maritime history (e.g. you will find information on how to use Lloyd's Registers of Ships); wrecks and accidents; the life of a port; shipping companies and liners; people's relationships to the sea; and the development of different types of ship. Each theme has many subdivisions and is illustrated with photographs from the site's digital archive. These themes provide a thorough introduction to the local and general aspects of the archives' historical context. The site also includes information on pursuing personal research in maritime history. The collections themselves can be explored using the search and browse functions on the right-hand side of the web pages. Collections of sources from particular partner institutions can be viewed in the "Partners and Collections" section of the site. The archives also includes Southampton Speaks, oral history interviews (audio files in MPS format) of dockers and seafarers - the memories of local people; and a glossary of nautical terms. Interactive content includes games which require Java, and quizzes. The site is a rich, varied and valuable resource for all those with an interest in maritime history and the history of Southampton. The learning themes make the material accessible for school pupils and provide a useful introduction for other users, and the archive itself will be of interest to researchers of all types.
The Portsmouth Historic Dockyard encompasses six visitor attractions at the Portsmouth Dockyard. On their website details are provided about each of these which are: the 'Mary Rose' the Tudor warship which had thousands of items on board when she sank; HMS 'Victory' the oldest warship in the world in continuous commission and the most famous of all sailing warships; HMS 'Warrior' built in 1860, she was essentially the world's first iron battleship and the largest, fastest, most heavily armed, warship ever built; the Royal Naval Museum containing a rich collection of artefacts including ship models, figureheads, swords, uniforms and medals; warships by water, a 40 minute boat tour of the modern Naval Base; the Dockyard Apprentice, a hands on exhibition displaying the skills used in building the great Dreadnought class battleships; and Action Stations, with displays about the Navy today. Included is visitor information such as admission charges and special events.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum, is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. As part of the General Introductions category, this guide looks at the main records held by the Museum, which include printed books, pamphlets, periodicals, specialist journals, microfilms, and manuscripts. The guide is in three main sections: Lloyd's Marine Records (for researching ships' technical details, ship movements, crews, and ship losses and casualties); other records, such as Admiralty movement books, crew lists, official logs, and parliamentary papers; and other sources of information.
Project Liberty Ship is a non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation of the Liberty Ship S.S. John W Brown as a living Memorial to the men and women who built the great Liberty Fleet and to the merchant seamen and Naval Armed Guard who sailed the ships across all oceans of the world. The aim of the organisation is to preserve the SS John W Brown, which is one of two remaining vessels from the Liberty class cargo ships, built during World War Two. The vessel is moored in Baltimore, U.S.A., and now makes scheduled passenger cruises. The site contains further information about the history of the organisation and the Liberty Fleet, as well as the people associated with the World War Two Merchant Marine. There is a listing of shipyards that built the Liberty vessels, a schedule of cruises for the coming year, membership information, and a news section.
This Web site, a publication of the UK Department of Transport, focuses on the sinking of the F.V.Gaul in 1974, and subsequent inquiries and investigations into the loss of the vessel. This Hull-based fishing boat was lost with all crewmembers in bad weather in Arctic waters north of Norway. No distress call was ever received, and very little wreckage was recovered until relatively recently. In 1998, reports that new and important evidence had been found prompted the Deputy Prime Minister to order an underwater survey of the wreck to address any questions about this marine accident.
The site posts initial reports in the first days following the accident in 1974; it provides the 1998 report; and it includes access to the 2002 survey with inquiry video presentations (requiring Windows Media Player). Finally, it offers extensive information regarding the most recent investigation in 2004. This RFI (Re-opened Formal Investigation) includes several videos, hearing transcripts, lists of witnesses and imagery used as evidence, along with a final report. Two glossaries are posted for members of the public and researchers who may be interested for personal or scholarly reasons. Some parts of the site require a PDF viewer.
The Puget Sound Shipyard is located adjacent to the city of Bremerton in Western Washington, United States. Information about the Naval Shipyard includes history of the shipyard, training opportunities, images of shipyard scenes and related naval links.
This is the website for the Queensland Maritime Museum in Brisbane, Australia. The museum was founded in 1971 and contains a variety of ship models, including historic sailing ships, tankers and cruise liners as well as many maritime maps. The steam tug Forceful, the only remaining working coal-fired steam tug in Queensland, is berthed at the Museum wharf and there are regular sailings down the Brisbane River. The HMAS Diamantina (a River Class Frigate) is in dry dock and on board visitors can view the Museum's collection of Australian Naval memorabilia. The website contains sections on both these boats, with pictures, specifications and histories of wartime service.
The Railway and Canal Historical Society focuses on the history of transport, and one of the special interest groups includes the Waterways History Research Group. The website includes information on membership, events, publications, and the Society's historic photographic collections and research resources.
The Last Main Line is published as part of The Transport Archive, an online project that looks at different aspects of Britain's transport network from the nineteenth century onwards. The Last Main Line provides primary and secondary resources on the history of the Great Central Railway's 'London Extension', which ran through the East Midlands from the 1890s to the 1960s. On the site the material is divided into three different sections - stories, timeline, and maps. In stories there is a collection of articles on different aspects of the London Extension, such as Leicester Central Station and the Manchester to Sheffield Woodhead route. The timeline traces the development of the route using photographs and documents, and in maps users can access interactive Ordnance Survey maps, original track plans, and engine plans. The site also links to aviation history and bridge-building history subsites, and several pages of illustrated essays on the construction of canals, with maps of their locations in Britain.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Railway Timetables on Selected Important and Minor Routes, 1850, 1870, 1887 and 1910' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files or MS Excel 2002 files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. These data were created as part of the project 'Understanding the effects of different generations of large-scale technological change' which used modern economic theory to measure more accurately the effects of major technological changes. It did this by comparing current major new technology - computing- with two previous generations of large-scale technological change, railways and electricity, thereby creating a yardstick by which to judge what constitutes a large effect. It then moved away from the commonly held assumption that new technology simply reduces the price of existing goods and instead examined the notion that major new technologies create new goods and that consumers value some of those new goods very highly. It also considered the extent to which these technologies deserve the term general purpose, by looking at how evenly the effects of each technology are spread across the different sectors of the economy. These particular data were used to more accurately assess the average speeds of English and Welsh railways in the period. These data give the times of all weekday train journeys on 50 important routes in England and Wales and of 1 train journey on each of 222 minor routes, for each four benchmark years: 1850, 1870, 1887 and 1910.
The website "Railways in the 19th Century" is part of the Spartacus collection of resources for A and AS level History students. The information is laid out in a tabular form and is easy to navigate. Sections include: railway and bridge engineers; railway entrepreneurs; locomotives; railway companies; Liverpool and Manchester; railway art; historical developments; the railway experience; towns and cities; and railway stations. Each subject is accompanied by a brief description or narrative and an image. The site is a good aide-memoire, revision resource, or reference source for those studying or teaching the history of the railway or transport in general in the nineteenth century.
This website focuses on the history of the British Merchant Navy. The site contains: the Early Days; a history of the Merchant Navy from Elizabethan times, comprising of biographies of seamen and navigators such as Martin Frobisher, Francis Drake, and Walter Raleigh; history, stories, and photographs of the Merchant Navy; a history of the development of the sailing ship, with explanations of the different classes; and the hidden history of the Merchant Navy. The site also includes access to the Bridge, a chatroom; the Radio Room, to trace former shipmates; the latest international shipping news; links to sites of further interest; and the Notice Board for information on former training colleges and old boys' associations.
The Regency Collection website consists of miscellaneous resources relating to the Regency period of British history (and the surrounding years). Topics receiving particular attention include: coach travel; celebrities of the era; war and conflict (The Peninsular War); the postal service; industrial advances; writing; recipes; the 'cries of London' picture series; and Regency life in general. There are several individual articles under each topic area, providing introductions to subjects such as: muskets and rifles; London clubs; Royal marriage; gas lighting; and so forth. The articles are generally concise and informative, consisting of a mixture of primary and secondary materials. They are aimed more at the general public than a specifically academic readership, although they should be of interest to undergraduates requiring background information about Regency culture. Images of contemporary prints and paintings are used to illustrate the texts. The site also hosts (mostly) non-academic book reviews and small sections on Byron and Jane Austen (a certain Austenphilia pervades the site).
The Residential Boat Owners' Association (RBOA) was established to protect the interests of boat dwellers in Britain. The RBOA website contains a questions and answers section, answering common questions about living on a boat; information on the work and membership of the RBOA; a boats for sale section; links to boating sites; and an account of life onboard a canal boat. The site contains advertsing.
The River and Rowing Museum opened in August 1998. It is dedicated to the traditions and environment of the River Thames, the history of the sport of rowing and the historic riverside community of Henley-on-Thames. Topics covered on the site include information about the Rowing, Thames and Henley Galleries as well as special exhibitions; education services offered including upcoming events; brief details of the library collection; and recent press releases. Information for visitors is provided. A regular feature of events and the online presentation is the 'Wind in the Willows' of Kenneth Graham and the accompanying illustrations by E. H. Sheppard.
This Web site offers a history of the Cunard cruise ship, the RMS Caronia, during its active period from 1848 to 1967. The site provides detailed information on a yearly, and even daily, basis across this timespan; visitors can access online menus, schedules, virtual reconstructions of particular cruises and other scanned images of ephemera connected to the ship. Interested members of the public and teachers will particularly note the site's stories about life aboard the ship. In terms of social history, the site aims to capture the mood of a bygone era when cruise ships emerged as a symbol of luxury during a period of serious austerity in Britain. Researchers will particularly note excellent presentations of historical details found deeper in the site, such as the indexes and candid photographs of crew members. The site also features a blog; a forum; links to sites of further information; and a glossary. Interactive features include slide-shows and quizzes, as well as a movie quiz.
Website about the murder of Madeleine Smith 1857, includes unrelated resources such as a copy of the publication 'Robert Napier', originally printed by Dumbarton District Libraries, Scotland. For example, Napier's biography describes the career of the Scottish engineer and the development of his Clydeside shipbuilding business, as well as his part in the development of transatlantic steamships which resulted in the Cunard Steam Ship Company Ltd.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File looks at the first Royal dockyard at Portsmouth, and explains why the dockyards were built at Woolwich and Deptford. It looks at the Navy Board, the Master Shipwrights, and the facilities found in a dockyard, as well as the timbers used and the craftsmen involved in shipbuilding. It ends with a description of what happened to the dockyards, with a link to important dates for both Deptford and Woolwich.
The Royal Institution of Naval Architects is a well established professional institution and learned society in the field of naval architecture and marine technololgy, with an international membership over 5000 in more than 80 countries world wide, and widely represented in industry, universities and colleges, and maritime organisations. This site gives a description of the objectives and activities of RINA, details of the requirements for membership and how to apply, details of the range of technical journals, proceedings, text books and other literature published by RINA, information about the conferences, symposia, workshops and other events organised by RINA, information about services to members, and employment vacancies.
This section of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects (RINA) website contains information about their publications which relate to naval architecture and the maritime industry in general. These include journals (Naval Architect, Warship Technology, Ship & Boat International, ShipRepair & Conversion Technology, and the two annual series, Significant Ships and Significant Small Ships); conference proceedings; technical papers; books; online publications such as RINA Affairs (in PDF format) and papers for written discussion (available to registered users only). There is a facility to search the publications database.
The story of these two British Royal Mail Shipping Companies is told here; first the Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. (RMSP) founded in 1839 and then the Royal Mail Lines (RML) founded in 1932 after the demise of the former company. The text is illustrated with photographs. A separate section discusses the contribution the ships made to the world of cruising. Three captains employed on the ships during different eras relate their experiences. A list of all the ships in the companies' fleets is arranged in chronological and date order and includes gross tonnage, builder, years in the fleet, hull material and propulsion. The website is part of the Royal Mail Association, and is maintained by a former historian for Royal Mail Lines.
This is the website for Salomons Museum, the onetime home and estate of the Salomons family. The Salomons included Sir David Salomons, Member of Parliament, equality campaigner and the first Jewish Lord Mayor of London and his son, the scientist and road transport pioneer Sir David Lionel Salomons. As well as the family's historic home and estate (one of the earliest buildings in the country be powered by electricity and including Sir David Lionel Salomons' purpose-built Science Theatre) the museum is cares for the various collections built up by the family: badges; ballooniana; Jewish history; London; electrical/scientific; estate and family; transport; medals; World War I. The collection’s illustrated catalogue is available online, and the website includes a virtual museum tour and information about public access. Salomons Museum has received AHRC funding.
This site contains information on the San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park, such as events and programmes; the Visitor Center; current exhibitions; access to the Park's catalogue records and digital images; and a survey of the Park's collections. The Park contains historic vessels and the website contains information six small boats from the collection; the yawls 'Fort Ross', 'Joe Leathers', and 'Blue Pilot'; the Norwegian pram; the 'Tule Splitter', and a cod fishing dory. The Park contains a Maritime Museum and the J. Porter Shaw Library. The Museum section of the site provides information about events at the Museum and the current exhibit. There is information about the Library, which focuses on sail and steam on the West Coast and in the Pacific Basin, including details of holdings and manuscripts, such as the American President Lines Records. It is possible to take a virtual tour of the Park's current Museum exhibit, Sparks, Waves and Wizards, Communications at Sea.
Listed here are over 430 schooners arranged alphabetically and accessed by clicking on the first letter of the schooner's name. Each ship has a thumbnail image, a brief description and a link to their web page. There are also a `schooners for sale' page, other maritime links, and upcoming events. This section is part of the Sea Dragon Marine Art Studio site.
This site contains information on the Sea Vision UK campaign, which aims to raise awareness of the maritime sector to ensure that everyone in the UK realises how important it is to the economy, and to generate interest in the varied range of exciting and challenging maritime careers. The site includes information on the campaign, its aims, and its partners, and is part of the National Maritime Museum's website.
The monthly Seahorse magazine is the official magazine of the Royal Ocean Racing Club (RORC). The website includes abstracts of feature articles in the current edition, and past editions dating back to August 1995.
SHIPDES is a subscription-based bibliographic database containing over 20,000 ship descriptions. Searching can be done by specific data such as ship's name, ship type, length, width, draught, tonnage, speed, and number of containers. The citations are from more than 200 journals as well as reports, conference proceedings and monographs. Documents referred to need to contain at least one drawing of the general arrangement of the ship to be included. The time span is from 1968 to the present. The database is compiled by the Delft University of Technology Library, Holland, and instructions for subscribing are included.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File on ships and seafarers through the ages describes the two different ways of building a ship and the first ships constructed by the Egyptians. It goes on to examine galleys, Viking longships, Medieval sailing ships, the ships of Nelson's time, and finally metal ships. Construction and navigation techniques associated with each type of vessel, together with what life was like on board ship, are also described.
The Tacoma Public Library Ships & Shipping Index contains more than 13,000 individual index records on ships built on the Pacific Coast and ships with a connection to the Pacific Northwest. The database includes the names (and former names) of vessels, their builders, careers and dispositions. The website is maintained by the Tacoma Public Library and is part of their website.
Simplon Postcards is devoted to postcards of passenger ships of all sizes. The site is being developed into a reference archive of web galleries, showing images of ocean liners, cruise ships, ferries and excursion vessels. The site is divided into postcards of the above mentioned categories, with subdivisions of shipping companies. Further sections include the UK Passenger Fleet of 1967 and postcard publishers.
This site, the Skipsregistrene (the Ship Registers) consists of the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS), the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Shipbuilding Register (a register under the NOR). The function of the Norwegian International Ship Register is to serve as a Norwegian public agency for official control of registered vessels and their ownership, and to provide legal protection for registration of rights in vessels. As well as a search function for the three registers, a service statement is also provided on NIS and NOR, with information on registration of vessels for NIS, and regulations, fees, application forms, and details of approved home ports. The 1994 Norwegian maritime code is available in full for download. Regular searches are done by ship's name; vessel information; shipyard information; and last issued registration information. Any search for extended information requires user registration at the site. There is also a link to the government's most recent maritime strategy. The site is available in English and Norwegian.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Slave Trade Movement between Africa and the Americas, 1817-1843' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To conduct a quantitative analysis of the slave trade from Africa to the Americas during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file or a Microsoft Excel 2000 file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of: Ship's port of arrival, date of arrival, type of vessel, tonnage, master's name, number of guns, number of crew, national flag, number of slaves, port of departure, number of days of voyage, mortality.
These Web pages give free access to the full-text of titles in the 'Smithsonian Contributions and Studies' Series, produced by the Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. Several available titles will be of interest to historians, such as: 'Smithsonian Contributions to History and Technology'; 'Smithsonian Studies in Air and Space' (1977-1990, which also has history articles); and the 'Smithsonian Annals of Flight' (1964-1974, about the history of flight). Two other titles may be of interest to those studying arts and music in traditional and folk cultures: 'Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology'; and 'Folklife Studies' (1980–1990). Articles are provided in PDF format, with both high-resolution and low-resolution versions available. Short abstracts are also available. There is also a short essay on the history of the series, and a useful full-text keyword search facility to search the whole series.
This website on Latino History and Culture is published by the Smithsonian Institution as part of its Explore and Learn web pages. Latino History and Culture offers a mixture of online resources, including web exhibitions, essays, and images on a diverse range of topics concerning Latino immigrants to the United States, and Central American history. These include general histories, scientific expeditions, business, agriculture, identity and community, research, biographies, migrations, cultural encounters, international relations, and relevant publications and programmes. Amongst the countries covered are the United States, Mexico, Cuba, and Puerto Rico.
Part of the Société Jersiaise website, this site provides details about the books of the Jersey Merchant Seamen's Benefit Society that are located in the Société Jersiaise library. The Jersey Merchant Seamen's Benefit Society was created by the States of Jersey in 1835 when the English compulsory levy of sixpence per month from every Merchant Seaman's pay was abolished. The contribution was 71/2d. per month, beginning on July 1 1835. The ship's Master was authorised to collect the contributions by direct deduction from pay. Books contain the service of each seaman member and his contribution to the welfare fund. The names of his ships, the length of service in each, his parish of origin and age are recorded. There are also listings of pensions and allowance books. A section on future plans indicates that further work is being done to make more records available, including shipping registers. There are links and suggestions for further research.
This website is provided by the society for its members and those interested in the history of the Thames sailing barges of the east coast of England. The society's interests include the history of barge building, the ports from which they sailed, the craft themselves and the men who sailed them. There is also information on events, a list of still active vessels and membership details.
The website contains information on the structure, purpose and mission of the Society, in addition to: membership details and member organisations; meetings; a gallery of typical ships and installations; a list of publications, with the availability to download free publications and links to related websites. Publications are available to download in PDF format, requiring access to an Adobe Acrobat Reader to view.
The Society of International Gas Tanker and Terminal Operators (SIGTTO) is a non-profit making company formed to promote high operating standards and best practices in gas tankers and terminals throughout the world. A non-Flash version of the site is also available.
Part of the Imperial War Museum's website, this online exhibition focuses on the story of the attack during the Second World War on the British merchant ship SS 'Anglo Saxon' by the German armed merchant raider 'Widder', and the subsequent voyage and fate of seven survivors in SS 'Anglo Saxon's jollyboat.
The website 'SS Canberra' focuses on the history of the ship SS Canberra. Originally a P&O liner and cruise ship, the Canberra took emigrants to Australia and in 1982 transported British troops during the Falklands War. The site includes information on the construction and launch; a forum for former crew members; an archive of plans and diagrams and downloads of sounds and films; galleries of images; and links to sites of further interest.
Established since 1971, the Steam Boat Association to promote the enjoyment of steamboats and to represent the interests of steamboat owners. It is a member of the European Steam Boat Federation. The web site gives details about membership and the services that the SBA offer. A programme of forthcoming regional, national and European events is provided. Details of the association's latest publications are provided including both books and CD-ROMs and 'Funnel' their members magazine.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File describes the movement from sail to the steam for propelling ships, and outlines when the first steamships appeared in Britain. It looks at the first merchant services to use steamships, their development and production in Glasgow and the North-East of England. The Fact File describes the part played by steam in the Royal Navy, the effects steamships had on sailors' lives, and their use over the long distance routes.
The SS Explorer is the last sea-going steam trawler and is currently being restored in Scotland. The site includes information on how to join the Preservation Society, how to help with the restoration of the trawler, news and events, times of guided tour and links to related websites.
This site focuses on the Portwey, a twin screw, coal fired steam tug built in 1927, and provides a history of the vessel and information about the Steam Tug Portwey Trust, a registered charity which was set up in June 2000. The tug is permanently moored at the West India Dock in London. The site provides short essays on the history of the tugboat and includes an online photo gallery. Relevant links will interest teachers who can profitably use this site as a starting point for instruction on the history of steamer tugs. Visitors are asked to book in advance. Also included on the site is an article about the tug, photographs, and some short video extracts.
The Steamship Historical Society (SSHSA) is an organisation dedicated to preserving artefacts and memories from the steamship days of the past. Their mission is to make available steamship information and to encourage conservation efforts. The society initiates and supports preservation movements; exchanges research information; and generates funds for a library operation, for art work restoration and safekeeping, and for exhibits. The society publishes quarterly the journal 'Steamship Bill' which is dedicated to steamship history. The site includes membership details; current news (and prior press releases since January 1st, 1998); a message board where users can communicate with other steamship enthusiasts; links to ship preservation movements, and an online 'ship's store'. There is also a link to the SSHSA's collection at the University of Baltimore.
This website focuses on the history of the submarine starting with the first description of a submarine in 1580. The information has been extracted from the book 'The Navy Times Book of Submarines'.
Sultana Projects is a non-profit organisation based in Chestertown, Maryland. Founded in 1997, the project's mission is to provide unique, hands-on educational experiences in colonial history and environmental science. The principal classroom for the project is a full-scale reproduction of the 1768 colonial schooner Sultana. The ship was one of the earliest examples of schooner building in North America and was the smallest schooner ever to be registered on the Royal Navy Lists. The website has a section dedicated to the ship's history, with muster book information and research papers. Also included is information about the schooner's sailing schedule, curriculum aids and a ship's tour.
The site Sunderland Maritime Heritage provides information on the association which was formed in 2000 with the aim of bringing the historic sailing ship the City of Adelaide back to the river Wear where she was built. Their scope expanded in the meantime and the site offers information on several historic ships connected to Sunderland (although all the internal links were broken at the time of review); the port; and the shipyards. The featured ship at the time of review was HMS Venerable, with a short history of its building and participation in naval battles at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th centuries. The site is quite clumsy in presentation since it is maintained by volunteer enthusiasts, but is can present interest in the naval history of Britian and the preservation of this maritime heritage on a local level.
This site was created in order to help state the case for the preservation, maintenance and interpretation of SV May Queen. SV May Queen is Australia's oldest sail trading vessel, a ketch built in 1867, and now moored in Hobart Tasmania, Australia. The site details her travels, trading routes, cargo and the characteristic design features of a ketch. The preservation project now being undertaken for SV May Queen is outlined. There is a gallery of photographs of work being undertaken, which includes panorama shots. Links to other web sites related to Tasmania and its history are included.
Founded in 1965 in order to preserve Sydney's 1902 VIP steam launch Lady Hopetoun, the Sydney Heritage Fleet is a non-profit organisation and museum, which aims to preserve the maritime heritage of Australia, and Sydney in particular. The vessels of the fleet are maintained by volunteers and include the 1874 iron barque James Craig, the 1902 steam tug Waratah, the 1902 VIP steam launch Lady Hopetoun and the 1903 Edwardian schooner Boomerang. The museum also houses maritime artefacts, models, a library, a collection of marine engines and a number of small heritage boats. It publishes a quarterly magazine, Australian Sea Heritage. The website contains information about each of the vessels in the fleet, vessels which are currently being restored, and details of how to become a member.
This site contains information on the Teignmouth and Shaldon Museum. The museum includes displays of information relating to maritime, boat builders, and bathing machines. There is also information about the historical society, and visitor information.
The Thames Sailing Barge Home Page focuses on the sailing barges of the East Coast of England. The site has information on active barges, including images and ships' histories for individual vessels. Contact details for individual barges are available. There are links to Barge Charters, and information on obtaining help in creating model barges, as well as a Notice-Board, a Bibliography, FAQs, and links to sites of further interest.
The Thames Ship Society, founded in 1962, is a club for shipping enthusiasts and arranges visits and tours to ports and other places of maritime interest. It is particularly for those who wish to take pictures of shipping. The website details forthcoming trips with the society for this year and also includes a review of all of last year's trips, with pictures of the ships involved.
Aimed at a general audience, the History Box is a compendium of previously published (and out of copyright) articles together with more recently written articles relating to the history the United States, and of New York City and State. Detailed coverage is given to the history of the Five Boroughs, city government, transport, communications as well as New York’s architecture and its people. Coverage of the United States as a whole is good, through reproduced articles and selected web links. There are useful sections on the history of relations with Indian tribes, slavery and the history of the colonial-era, and there are a number of new sections planned.
Through Mighty Seas is a website dealing with the maritime history of the merchant sailing ships of the North West of England and the Isle of Man, from the eighteenth century until the First World War. The site is authored by a maritime historian, and features the histories of more than 700 ships, indexed by region. Alongside the individual ship histories there is information on shipbuilders, shipyards, lifeboats, sea captains, and shipping lines. The site includes pierhead painters, and biographies of sea captains in Barrow and Ulverston. Also available on the site are more than 80 historic photographs, transcribed primary source material, articles on merchant ships, web links and a bibliography.
The 'Titanic: a special exhibit from Encyclopaedia Britannica' website presents a brief history of the 'Titanic', from its design through to events following the disaster is provided. There is a link to enter the exhibit, which contains information, with accompanying photographs, about the vessel, its construction, and on board facilities (particularly those for first class passengers). The website also has information on the Titanic's passengers; shipowner (J.P. Morgan); the Captain (E.J Smith); Mr Thomas Andrews; and crew members. Some of the artefacts discovered in the wreck, such as the ship's compass and the pedestal for the ship's wheel, and diagrams of the sinking of the vessel are also discussed on the Web pages. The site contains links to related websites and suggestions for further reading.
This online exhibition, part of the Imperial War Museum site, focuses on the role of men and women from the British Empire and Commonwealth during World War II who were: involved in campaigns across Southern and Western Europe, the Mediterranean, North and East Africa, South East Asia, the Pacific, the Middle East, in the air and all the major oceans of the world, as well as working tirelessly on the home front. The exhibition is divided into the following categories: Working for Victory, War in the Air, War at Sea, War at Land, and Women at War. Notes for teachers are also included.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade : a Revised and Enlarged Database, 1500-1867" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The resource outlines a multi-source database on the trans-Atlantic slave trade. The database itself is accessible from this page, but requires authentication (available through educational institutions). The enlarged database draws from a previously-existing detailed record of trans-Atlantic slaving voyages, but adds further information on the early history of slave trading and the hitherto neglected area of Brazilian trafficking and involvement. The enlarged database covers the period of 1500-1867 and draws from a wide range of archival sources across many countries. The website outlines the content of the database, and provides information on the coverage and methodology, as well as giving details on the project's investigators and associates. The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: A Revised and Enlarged Database is a project that was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
The "Transport Archive" is an online resource published, with Lottery funding, by DeMontfort University, Trafford Metropolitan Borough, Salford City Council, South Gloucestershire Council, and Leicestershire County Council. The site itself acts a gateway to the satellite sites on the history of railways, canals, and aviation in parts of England. The Transport Archive provides a search facility that allows all the separate sites to be searched together, and also an integrated timeline. Subsites include: Bridging the years; the Last Main Line; and Aviation Heritage. The featured innovations in transport are accompanied by timelines and numeours original documents (photographs, historical records). Also on the site is a 'Learning Zone', designed to help students and teachers use the primary source material available. In this section four main themes have been identified that are common to all the sites, feats of engineering, changing landscapes, community history and socio-economic.
Transport Canada is the Canadian government department responsible for implementing most of that government's transportation policies to ensure that the (Canadian) national transportation system is safe, efficient and accessible to all its users. The website of Transport Canada Marine contains information about how the department maintains the safety and security of maritime transportation for operators and passengers of small commercial vessels, large commercial vessels and pleasure craft, and the department's role in some aspects of Canada's marine security, marine infrastructure and the transport of dangerous goods. There are also documents and links to such matters as government transportation policy, shipping regulations, port fees, and marine safety guidelines, as well as CANUTEC, the Canadian Transport Emergency Centre operated by Transport Canada to assist emergency response personnel in handling dangerous goods emergencies. Other parts of the site include FAQs, news releases, publications, programmes and statistics. The site is available in English and French.
The London School of Economics has been building its library of transport history and policy documents since 1896. The collection consists mostly of ephemera published by pressure groups, political parties and trades unions. The historical focus of the collection is on the 19th and early 20th century because of the library's connections with the Webbs and other Fabian Society members, although the archive is still added to up to the present day. Most of the contents of the library has been digitised and may be accessed over the Internet via Adobe Acrobat. The site divides many of its online primary texts into themes. With relation to transport, these themes are: canals and inland waterways; roads; the railways; transport policy; transport workers; and urban transport. Other documents may be accessed via a more comprehensive search process. The digitisation programme was funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This resource is also described by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
Rose is a full-rigged replica of the British Royal Navy frigate of the same name. The original ship was built in 1757 and played an important role in American history, serving the British in the French-Indian and Revolutionary wars. The site includes a virtual tour of the ship requiring Quicktime 3.0 or 4.0 (which is available to download), frequently asked questions, the ship's history and links to nautical fiction sites. It is possible to subscribe to the Rose newsletter by email.
'Underground history' is an amateur website which provides a fascinating insight into both the industrial archaeology and the transport and social history of London. The author, Hywel Williams, assembles and presents a substantial portfolio of photographs, maps and background information on some forty decommissioned sections of the London Underground system which provide an alternative history of the Tube (and the Capital in general) from the late 19th century onward. The information is presented station by station and according to whether the tube lines were constructed by the deep level method or the cut-and-cover one. Other defunct underground features, such as the Kingsway tram underpass or obsolete entrances, passageways and platforms of extant stations are also included. The website, which is part of London Transport Web Ring, also presents weblinks to both official and unofficial organisations relating to public transport history and infrastructure, as well as a guide to novels and TV programmes featuring the underground system or using decommissioned stations as backdrops. Additionally, the author provides details of how to gain access to those parts of the network usually not open to the general public. While this resource is aimed primarily at the amateur transport historian or interested members of the public, there is much here too for the benefit professional historians of London and its transport system.
This website describes the University of Glasgow's archive holdings. These comprise two collections: the University's own archives (dating to its foundation in 1451) and the Scottish Business Archive contains the University's archives relating to the history of commerce and manufacture in Scotland. These inlcude the shipping and shipbuilding industries, food and drink production, mining, transport, law, banking and publishing. Each collection is described in PDF format together with access arrangements.
The Oregon Museum of Science and Industry (OMSI) is the home of the U.S. Navy's last non-nuclear submarine, the USS Blueback. After 31 years of service in the U.S. Navy throughout the Pacific Ocean, (from 1959 onwards), the Blueback is on permanent display at OMSI. The Barbel class submarine now educates the public by: displaying how a submarine works; showing how a crew of 85 can live within the 581's hull for months at a time; and serving as a memorial to eternal patrol. The website includes: information about the history of the Blueback, along with her technical specifications; how submarines dive and surface; and visitor information.
This website provides information about the USS Bowfin (SS-285) and the USS Bowfin Submarine and Museum Park including a virtual tour, specifications, pictures, an overview and history. Information on USS Bowfin includes historical information about the submarine and its weapons and technology; a crew roster; and FAQs about submarines. Information is also included on the submarine museum and park.
The USS Constitution Museum is situated next to the USS Constitution and is focused upon bringing to life the stories of those who 'authorized, built, served on and preserved' the warship. The Museum has a collection of the ship's artefacts including, logs, journals, charts, weapons, decorative arts and paintings. There is information about lectures and events run by the museum, and visitor information is included.
'Van Nederland naar Australië : Emigranten 1946-1991' is a database of Dutch emigrants to Australia after the Second World War. Dutch consulates in Australia kept detailed records of Dutch emigrants from 1946. The migration cards show how the consulates helped migrants to establish themselves in Australia. In 2006 the Ministry of Foreign Affairs handed over the Australian Emigration Cards Archive to the National Archive.
The database provides online information about names, emigration dates and means of transport, and is fully searchable. A copy of the full record may be ordered online for historical research. An introduction, background information, list of references and links to related resources complete this resource for historians interested in emigration history or in relations between the Netherlands and Australia.
Inaugurated in 1990, the Vasa Museum, Stockholm, Sweden is home to the 17th century warship Vasa, lost on her maiden voyage in 1628. The site contains information on the Museum and its permanent exhibitions, as well as information on the Vasa. This includes: the disaster; the salvage operation in 1961; why the Vasa sank; life on board; technical specifications; the Vasa sculptures; and the rig. Visitor information is also included, as are news items, details of exhibitions, staff contact details and links to related sites arranged by themes such as maritime archaeology, shipwrecks and tools. Visitor information is included. The site is available in English and Swedish.
This site provides a history of the VIC 56, one of the 98 Victualling Inshore Craft built to the orders of the ministry of war transport between 1941 and 1945, which were a part of the enormous Government wartime ship-building programme. The vessel is currently moored at Trinity House Buoy Wharf on the River Thames and is open to visitors a few times each year. A history of the vessel is provided, along with photographs, both current and historic; information about the steam engine by which the boat is powered; information about other surviving VICs and a listing of all the 106 VICs built; a scanned image of the builder's plan for the VIC 56; contact details; and links to other relevant websites.
Essex Past is the website for the section of the Victoria County History that relates to Essex, providing information about the ten major volumes already published and draft texts for a forthcoming volume. Work on the county of Essex, as on most English counties of this standard reference work, has been sporadic since its beginning in the reign of Queen Victoria and providing texts online is a useful means for researchers to access new information whilst waiting for the hard copy volumes to be published. The involvement of the University of Essex, Essex County Council and the Institute of Historical Research in this essential resource underlines its importance. Information about the volumes and parishes completed to date is provided, with details of how the research is carried out and of collaborative projects. The draft texts for volume XII, covering the north east Essex coast, concentrate on Frinton, Walton on the Naze, Kirby le Soken and Thorpe le Soken. The website has not been updated recently and there is an online appeal for funding.
The Victorian Britain website is one of the online exhibitions published by the National Archives Learning Curve, and has been designed to be used with the History National Curriculum. It is aimed at Key Stage 3-5 students, but the material is of a very high standard and would be useful to other history students and teachers. Using the 1851 Great Exhibition as its reference point, the site looks at different aspects of Victorian life and considers whether life improved during the course of the nineteenth century. The topics covered are: industry; public health; leisure; poverty; crime; and views on gender, and include information on coalmining; cholera and typhoid; the coming of the railways; the New Poor Law and workhouses; the establishment of the Metropolitan Police Force; and the inequality between men and women. Each topic is interactive, containing facsimile images of primary source material, video clips, and short fun activities designed to help users understand the main points of subjects.
The website "Victorian Times" reveals a project is funded by the New Opportunities Fund, and is published in partnership with the Centre for Digital Library Research, University of Strathclyde, The Library of the London School of Economics and The Stationery Office. Victorian Times aims to provide a learning resource on nineteenth century Britain that can be accessed by students of all levels, from school children, to life-long learners and researchers. A drop-down menu allows the reader to select his/her educational level. The project is concerned with the social, political and economic aspects of Victorian history, focusing particularly on health care, education, housing, transport, industry, and labour and trade unions, and provides access to digitised primary sources, namely parliamentary papers, pamphlets, and photographs. The material on the site can be searched or browsed, and there are also timelines planned for each topic, and a selection of biographies of prominent Victorians.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File deals with the Viking Age, examining how we know about the Vikings, and their shipbuilding and sailing techniques, looking in turn at Viking longships, warships and cargo ships. It describes what life on board was like, how they navigated and where they went, concluding with the trade goods that Vikings ships carried.
Part of the Imperial War Museum Collections Online database, War at Sea focuses on: the changing nature of naval warfare in the modern era, documenting every aspect of the path from the dreadnought battleship to the nuclear submarine. Collection highlights cover the role of navies, vessels during war time, and submarines and submariners.
Part of the BBC History website, the 'War at Sea: 1914-1918' site focuses on British and German naval power during World War One. Well laid out and attractively illustrated with photos and diagrams, this is a useful study of the naval strength of Britain and Germany and the main sea battles. The first section compares Britain's initial advantage in naval power over Germany in 1914 and discusses the restraint shown on both sides. Further sections cover: the battles of Heligoland Bight, Coronel and the Falklands; the battle of Jutlan;, the U-boat threat; and the Zeebrugge raid. The leadership styles of the two commanders of the British Grand Fleet are compared and there is a final section describing how sea power played an important role in Britain's victory.
The Warships On The Web site aims to list all the world's warships and contains information and pictures of warships from the Ironclad era to the present day. The site contains the following sections: battleships and battlecruisers; aircraft carriers; cruisers; frigates; destroyers; submarines; fast attack craft and corvettes; ironclads; amphibious ships; mine warfare; and auxiliaries. Within each section, users can browse by country then class to find information such as when the ship was laid down, its fate, dimensions and armament. For most entries, an image is also included. It is possible to browse the same information by country. The articles section includes: famous sailors (Vice Admiral Sir George Tryon and Admirals of the Fleet Sir John Fisher and Sir David Beatty). There is also a section on European naval weapons. The site also includes naval mailing lists, links to related sites and a search facility. The site contains frames.
The maritime division of the Western Australian Museum is based in Fremantle; The Western Australian Maritime Museum provides exhibitions on Shipwrecks discovered off the Western Australian coast and Western Australia's Maritime endeavours. There are three sites: the new Maritime Museum, the Shipwreck Galleries, and the Submarine 'Ovens'. The new Museum has six themed galleries: the Indian Ocean Tin Canoe to Australia II; Fremantle and the Swan River; Hooked on Fishing; Cargoes; and Naval Defence. The Shipwreck Galleries feature: early exploration and shipwrecks as early as the 17th Century, including original timbers from the Dutch VOC ship the 'Batavia', wrecked in 1629.
This website provides free online access to what is claimed to be the largest collection of White Star and Titanic memorabilia in Europe. While the website has a large number of adverts throughout, the information found under the 'Our Collections' heading will be of significant value to those interested in the Titanic, or in White Star in general. This section of the website is split into a number of headings, including but not limited to: first class; second class; third class; fixtures and fittings; RMS Titanic; RMS Olympic; HMHS Britannic; fine art; books; newspapers; and uniforms. Each of these headings has a number of images. Unfortunately, the images cannot be increased in size - which is somewhat of a limitation in a site of this nature - and the pictures themselves are quite small. Nevertheless, this is a valuable resource relating to early twentieth-century cruise-liners and passenger transport.
This finding aid was produced by staff at the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston. The William Johnston Collection represents the personal office working papers of this senior executive officer with Canada Steamship Lines. The finding aid outlines Mr Johnston's career, the arrangement of this eclectic collection and includes accession numbers.
Four cigar ships were designed and built between 1858-66 by the Winans family, successful railway engineers from Baltimore, Maryland. On the site is information about the development and design of the ships, a bibliography of books and articles, and a list of Winans marine patents. The site is maintained by an enthusiast.
The Wirral Archives house documents that preserve the history of this coastal borough of Liverpool, such as: files of local government bodies; poor law, workhouse, school, hospital and court records; archives of clubs, societies, organisations and individuals; solicitors' records, including title deeds; maps and plans; local newspapers, among which are copies of the 'Wallasey and Wirral Chronicle,' Dec 1888-Dec 1950; census returns, 1841-1901; cemetery records; electoral registers, 1842-1900; and Gore's Liverpool Directories 1766-1900. Online archival guides for poor law, cemetery and school records provide additional in-depth information. The Cammel Laird Archives collection contains records of the shipbuilding company of the same name, from 1848 to 1993. The company built ships for companies and navies across the world. The list includes an number of notable vessels including: the 'Confederate, a' blockade runner; the 'Alabama', one of the first screw propelled vessels; the 'Robert F Stockton'; the aircraft carrier 'Ark Royal; the HMS 'Prince of Wales'; and the ocean liner, the 'Mauretania.' There is a link to a list of vessels built by the company.
The Archives also host a local museum. The museum contains a model of the the Woodside ferry terminal from 1934; some exhibition rooms contain the oak panels from the original boardroom at Cammell Laird shipbuilders. Visitor information, fees and contact details are provided on the site. Researchers should note that microfilm readers and similar equipment must be booked prior to their visit.
This site is part of Canada's SchoolNet Digital Collections Program and covers shipbuilding in the Maritimes; shipbuilding on the River John; and the life of the sailing ship 'Warrior'. The site includes information on the types of ships built; shipbuilding methods and terms; a ships' registry for the River John; and an evaluation of why shipbuilding ended on the River John.
With offices in London, England and Falls Church, Virginia, the World Ship Trust works to advance the education of the public by the preservation and display of historic ships and associated artifacts. The website contains information on the work of the World Ship Trust - which includes the compilation of the International Register of Historic Ships - along with an outline of the Trust's officers and administration. In addition to awards for individual achievement, the site contains details of the International Maritime Heritage Award.
Part of the UK's National Archives website, this page provides information on World War Two medals issued to merchant seamen. This navy comprised the commercial trading ships and crews which were comandeered by the Ministry of Shipping on the outbreak of war. The site describes archival collections BT 395, an index of records of World War Two medals claimed and issued to merchant seamen from 1946 to 2002. The time frame of awards is due to the fact that awards were not issued automatically, but rather on the basis of a formal claim made by a veteran seaman. Entries in BT 395 give details of the seaman's name and the medals, ribbons and clasps issued, together with a reference to the medal papers file, held at the Registry of Shipping and Seamen (RSS). Information is also provided on the eight medals that were awarded to British merchant seaman during the Second World War; these were: the War Medal; the Atlantic Star; the 1939-1945 Star; the Africa Star; the Pacific Star; the Burma Star; the France and Germany Star; and the Italy Star. The site also advises researchers on how to interpret a BT 395 record, and provides some Adobe PDF images of actual documents to this end. Family historians can search awards of World War Two medals by surname in a special search engine on the site. Some bibliographical details and external and internal links are also posted to help users with further research.