This website currently provides access to nearly forty letters written by Florence Nightingale. The site has been created by the Clendening History of Medicine Library at the University of Kansas in order to make its collection of Florence Nightingale letters freely available.T he original letters have been scanned and are available from the site as facsimile images. These images are accompanied by a transcription of the text. Further research is being carried out on the letters and as this information become available footnotes are being added. The letters can be viewed chronological, alphabetically or can be searched. The site also has a list of links to other sites related to Florence Nightingale.
The website "About Great Ormond Street Hospital" is produced by the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust (with UCL The Institute of Child Health), which was initially launched to mark the 150th birthday of Britain's first hospital for sick children. The site draws together medical notes and photographs that reveal a revolution in how young patients were treated. Quick links from the home page lead to: the whole story; what nursing and surgery were like; key facts and achievements; Gallery; Peter Pan; Museum and Archives services. On the site you can see that Florence Nightingale opposed the hospital, but Charles Dickens approved. So did J.M. Barrie - Great Ormond Street hospital still benefits from the royalties of Peter Pan. From 10 beds when it was first established in 1852, the hospital grew to 200 beds by the end of the 19th century, with 60 more for convalescence in north London. Today the 335-bed hospital treats 22,000 in-patients and 77,000 out-patients each year. The top-navigation of the site provides access to the hospital's current online presence.
The website of the American Association for the History of Medicine provides information about the work of the organisation. Details of meetings to be held, their publications (including their newsletter, with a online edition that is regularly updated), and on how to join are provided. The site has a news section which issues calls for conferences, details of awards etc. Information on jobs, grants and fellowships are also available from the site. A searchable database of members of the association has been included on the site, but is only accessible to current members. Other features of the site include a useful list of links to relevant sites and organisations, and officers and bylaws of the association.
The Archie Cochrane Archive website is part of the Cardiff University site, and was the first project of the Centre for the History of Evaluations in Healthcare. On the site there is a great deal of information on the archival holdings for Dr. Archibald Leman Cochrane, 1909-1988, who pioneered evidence-based medicine. There is a complete catalogue for the archive, which contains photographs, personal items and professional papers, including documents on his experiences in the Spanish Civil War, and the 1950 Rhondda Fach Scheme. In addition to the catalogue there is a biographical outline of Cochrane, a complete list of his publications, a section on his experience as a Prisoner of War, and information about access to the archive. Some of the documents from the archive and archive catalogues have been digitised and can be viewed in PDF on the site, and there is also a video clip that requires QuickTime to view it.
'The Black Death' website provides a basic summary of the great plague that struck Europe in 1347 and 1348, and wiped out around a third of the population. The site consists of a number of brief articles arranged into chapters. These cover the history of the plague, the disease itself, the social and medical response to it, and the effects of the disease on different aspects of life and culture. The site lacks full bibliographic notes, and is useful more as a general introduction to the subject rather than as a scholarly text.
The website "Blackwell's herbal", made available by the British Library, provides an overview of and introduction to Elizabeth Blackwell's 'Curious Herbal', first published in 1737. The herbal is one of the texts featured in the British Library's Online Gallery Virtual Books, and provides useful background information for interested users of the website. Elizabeth Blackwell, who was the first female herbalist to publish such a book, drew the plants in her herbal from live botanical specimens at the Chelsea Physic Garden. She also prepared the work for publication, and coloured the plates herself. She was accomplished enough to gain the support of the Society of Apothecaries. Brief accounts are given of two editions of the text: the first edition of 1737; and the 'Nuremberg' edition of 1747-73, which is said to be superior. Four illustrations taken from the two editions of the text are included in each of the pages available, accompanied by a few lines of contextualising information. The images are not of the same quality as those in digitised version, but are equal in quality to the British Library's standard web pages. An audio file is also available to go with this version of the resource, for which Windows Media Player is required. The author(s) of the essay are not identified on the site.
This report is the result of a one year AHRC-funded research project which investigated material in UK museums and gallery collections related to the lives and experiences of historical and contemporary disabled people. The study was concerned with gathering information as to what evidence of disability existed within museum collections as the ways this had been represented and re-presented over time, and the factors that relate to the collecting of information about the lives of disabled people and curators’ attitudes to this. The report includes the evidence gathered as well as conclusions and recommendations for further research.
This website lists the wide ranging library special collections held by Cardiff University covering a wide range of literature, history and politics. Of particular note are the University’s extensive holdings related to Wales, its culture, language and politics, supplemented by other material from Celtic-speaking nations. Other collections relate to the history of medicine, trades unions and journalism. There are extensive descriptions of the collections, together with access to the online catalogues and various relevant databases, as well as information about consulting items physically.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Causes of Death in England and Wales, 1851-60 to 1891-1900 : The Decennial Supplements" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The aim of this project was to analyse the changing geography of mortality decline in England and Wales between 1851 and 1911 via the cause of death by age data for registration districts published in the Registrar General's Decennial Supplements. The data consists of: (1851-1860 and 1861-1870) Mean population by registration district and sex, total deaths by registration district and sex, causes of death by registration district, sex and age group. (1871-1880) Mean population by registration district and sex, total deaths by registration district and sex, causes of death by registration district and age group, total marriages, total births. (1881-1890 and 1891-1900) Mean population by registration district and sex, total deaths by registration district and sex, causes of death by registration district and sex, causes of death by registration district and age group, total marriages, total births.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Census Enumerators' Books, Keighley, West Yorkshire, 1851-1881' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The focus of the study was the inter-relationship between women's work, particularly that of married women working outside the home, and low levels of fertility in mid-nineteenth century textile communities. Although the data were collected for the purpose of studying fertility patterns, they may be of interest to a wider range of specialists, including social and economic historians, sociologists, geographers and genealogists. The data is available to order from the HDS as SPSS portable files or tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of date of census, address code, enumerator's household number, letter denoting type of household living arrangements, e.g. shared homes, surname, forename, relationship to head of household, marital status, sex, age, occupation (name), occupation (numeric code), birthplace (code).
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Database of Irish Historical Statistics : Age, 1821-1911" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The purpose of the project was to provide machine-readable economic and social history statistics relating to the whole of Ireland for the period 1821-1971.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Database of Irish Historical Statistics : Vital Statistics, 1864-1911" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab-delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The purpose of the project was to provide machine-readable economic and social history statistics relating to the whole of Ireland for the period 1821-1971. The main tables are: Total number of births for the whole of Ireland grouped by gender. Total number of marriages for the whole of Ireland. Total number of deaths grouped by gender and age groups. Total number of deaths grouped by counties (1875-1911).
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Deaddocs : a Bibliographical Index of Obituaries and Posthumous Accounts in British Medical Journals and Related Sources, 1750-1850' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). Deaddocs provides information and references for medical and other historians, as well as for researchers in local history and family history of medical practitioners who died between 1750 and 1850. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
Because there was no compulsory Medical Register before 1858, and until 1845 only an occasional medical directory, the aim was to identify as many medical practitioners, and others in related medical occupations, as possible, using obituaries and posthumous accounts appearing in British medical journals and related sources between 1750 and 1850, such as The Gentleman's Magazine. The data is available to order from the HDS as a MS Access database or tab delimited text file. The data consists of 10,341 numbered entries. The individual records give: surname; forenames; title; dates of birth and death; year of death; places of birth, residence, death; father's name and occupation; subject's profession; army, navy and East India Company service; whether the subject was a woman (there are several nurses and midwives); professional work; cause of death; degree(s); references from the Dictionary of National Biography, Commissioned Officers in the Medical Service of the British Army 1660-1960, and the Roll of the Indian Medical Service; Journal references, coded for their importance.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Decline of Infant Mortality in England and Wales, 1871-1948: a Medical Conundrum' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as an excel file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This study aimed to provide a more individual, micro-level appreciation of infant mortality data. Previously, the focus of these data had been aggregative, at a fairly high level of aggregation - the country, county registration district. To that end, a team of research students at the Open University has examined vaccination registers at the sub-registration district level for 22 such districts. In 1853 vaccination was made compulsory and in 1871 legislation was introduced requiring all poor law unions to appoint vaccination officers and to set up a system of registration; this system, with only minor alterations, lasted until 1948. Under the 1871 Act, vaccination officers took over all the functions of the local registrars except for giving parents the statutory notice of compulsory vaccination. The vaccination registrar recorded the following: the registration number in the civil birth register; date of birth; place of birth; name of child; sex; name of father, or if illegitimate, mother; occupation of father or if illegitimate, mother; date of notice to vaccinate given to parent; date of successful vaccination, postponement or insusceptibility to vaccination; name of medical man who signed the certificate; date of death of any child who died before vaccination; reference number in vaccination officer's report book on problem cases. From the monthly information on infant deaths, the vaccination officer compiled an infant death register on children dying under the age of one year. Medical historians have begun to recognise the historical importance of the compulsory provisions of Victorian vaccination legislation, which entailed the growth of a complex administrative structure necessary for its implementation. This can been seen as a forerunner of the Welfare State, particularly as regards the development of the public health movement. It is generally agreed that civil registration had reached a high standard of reliability by 1872, and as the vaccination birth registers and infant death registers are copies of the civil registers for the period 1872-1948, they constitute an unrivalled source of information on infant mortality for the period. The data consists of transcriptions from a sample of English vaccination registers, at the sub-registration district level, for selected years within the period 1871-1913. The variables differ slightly due to local custom and the transcribing methods employed but broadly, for each district, they consist of number in birth register; date of birth; address; gender; legitimacy; parents' occupation; date of vaccination; date of exception; date of death.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Demography of Sri Lanka, 1900-1954 : Trends in Fertility and Mortality in Pre-Demographic Transition Sri Lanka" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The aims of this study were: to examine trends in fertility, nuptiality and mortality in Sri Lanka (Ceylon became Sri Lanka in 1972) in the period prior to demographic transition, i.e. prior to the 1950s; and to search for the reasons for changes which occurred, by examining how these varied across the approximately 20 administrative districts of the island and considering whether this variation was associated with district characteristics such as literacy, availability of health services, etc. There is a tendency to suppose that, prior to transition, developing world countries had more or less constant fertility and mortality - at high levels - albeit with the fluctuations in both caused by famines and epidemics. There may have been more complex movements in Sri Lanka.
The directory of history of medicine collections website has been created by the National Library of Medicine in the United States. The site aims to provide information about history of health sciences collections providing research, reference and inter library loan facilities. The main focus of the site is on collections held in the United States. Limited information on collections held in Canada, France, Germany, Switzerland and the United Kingdom is also available. The information on the site is organized alphabetically by U.S. state and the non-U.S. collection are presented alphabetically by country. Each collection entry provides contact details (including web addresses), a brief abstract describing the collection and a holdings record.
This website provides information on the Dittrick Medical History Center (Cleveland, Ohio) and its collections of 60,000 rare books, 60,000 museum artifacts, 10,000 images, and archive listings. Originally part of the Cleveland Medical Library Association (est. 1894), the Dittrick is now an interdisciplinary centre within the College of Arts and Sciences of Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio. It is an international resource for the study of the history of medical technology, and provides research material for the study of speciality areas and local and international medical institutions. The site has six main sections: the Dittrick Museum of Medical History which consists mainly of a collection of instruments gathered from Cleveland physicians dating from 19th and 20th centuries; the rare medical book collection dating from late 14th century to 20th century; a section featuring 4 small online exhibits (Cleveland's smallpox epidemic of 1902; Images of dissection; a tour of Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland; and Asklepios Murals at the Allen Memorial Library); sample lists and overviews of the centre's archives; the image collection; and a What's New? section. Each section provides a very small sample of the collections housed at the center through the use of online images accompanied by brief background essays. There are also pages listing the Centre's publications, events and links to medical museums, archives and libraries both in the USA and worldwide. This site is regularly updated and includes news of forthcoming events and publications.
DoHistory is an interactive website, created by the Film Study Center at Harvard University, aimed at helping the user explore and piece together the lives of ordinary people in the past. Skills and research techniques are shown through the case study of Martha Ballard who was a midwife and healer in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Two in depth studies based on her diary are presented on the site. More general information about how to use primary sources and how to plan research and history projects is also available. As well as providing help on how to carry out research the site has an archive of primary sources. This archive provides access to letters, maps, newspaper and journal clippings, pictures, public and private records and diaries (including the diary of Martha Ballard from 1785-1812).
The website "Drug Trade: Therapy, pharmacy and commerce in early modern Europe" makes available online the exhibition of the Museum of the History of Science's (University of Oxford) collection of early modern drug or pharmacy jars from 2004-2005. The jars, which date from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries, are situated in the historical context of therapy and pharmacology in early modern Europe. Images and texts from contemporary herbals are used to illustrate the types of drugs and medicinal preparations that would originally have been contained in the jars. These herbals include Dodoens's "Niewe herball" and Gerard's "Herball". The site includes an introductory section, which contains a selection of quotations from vernacular herbals justifying their use of the English language, and a bibliography of the herbals used in the exhibition. The exhibition is presented in three parts: "Exhibition"; "Gallery"; and "Essay". The Exhibition section presents the images of jars and herbal illustrations according to the type of material they contained or represented: herbs; roots; wood bark gum; fruits; roses; animals; and minerals. Each illustration is accompanied by texts from the herbals, which describe the properties and uses of each plant. The Gallery section presents thumbnail images of the illustrations and the drug jars. Each image can be clicked for a larger version, which is accompanied by source and catalogue information. The Essay provides a brief overview of the preparation and use of medicines in the period. This site presents a useful and interesting collection of images and information, which will be appreciated by general users as well as students with an interest in early modern medicine. The site is now archived.
This online database contains over 3,000 photographs, illustrations, engravings, and bookplates for the history of medicine and life sciences in the Duke University Medical Center Library's History of Medicine collections. It is searchable by general keyword or by individual fields (description; author/artist name; title of image; title of source; place; date; subjects). The images presented via the web are reasonable but not of publication quality. Access to three special collections is also included in the database : 107 slides from Georg Bartisch's Ophthalmodouleia; Das is Augendienst (published 1583); The Four Seasons - 504 slides of 4 seventeenth-century copperplate engravings depicting seasons of the year with each season used as a metaphor of one of the 'ages of man'; and the 'Stewart Album' containing 206 photographs of German, French, Spanish, Italian and English physicians and scientists prominent in the mid nineteenth century. These subsets may be searched separately or as part of the entire HIM database.
The site provides an introduction to the 20,000 monographs, 4,000 manuscripts, as well as medical instruments, photographs and illustrations housed in the Duke University (Durham, North Carolina, USA) Medical Center Library's History of Medicine Collections. Six online exhibitions based on the collections are accessible. The site also provides a gateway to the Historical Images in Medicine (HIM) database (over 3,000 items) and to the National Library of Medicine's HISTLINE database. The Collections include histories of medicine, medical institutions, biographies of doctors, and other practitioners, and the historical aspects of every field of medicine. Online lists of guides, bibliographies and encyclopaedias available in the Library are provided.
The "Edith Cavell website" looks at the life of Edith Cavell, the Red Cross nurse shot by the Germans for collaboration in the First World War. The site is published by Swardeston Parish Council and provides a thorough introduction the Edith Cavell's life. The main content on the site is a substantial biography, covering her childhood in Norfolk, her education and nursing training, as well as her activities in occupied Belgium during the First World War. The webpage is based on the biography "Nurse Edith Cavell: 1865-1915. A Norfolk Heroine" published by Rev Philip McFayden. The site features some nice primary sources, such as documents, photographs, artifacts and an account of her last hours by Pasteur Le Seur, chaplain at her prison. The site also offers links to other websites.
The Elizabeth Blackwell, America's First Woman M.D. (Medical Doctor) website is an online version of an exhibition held at the National Library of Medicine from January to September 1999. The site provides a basic outline of the training and work of Elizabeth Blackwell, who in 1849 was the first woman to graduate from a medical school in the United States. This narrative is interspersed with a number of primary source documents held by the National Library of Medicine. The documents have been scanned and are available as facsimile images. Transcriptions of the documents are provided. The website is divided into four main sections: admission; college life; graduation; and career.
Emotions and Disease is an online exhibition from the History of Medicine Division of the National Library of Medicine. The exhibition aims to provide an explanation of the meaning and relevance of scientific developments linking neurophysiology to the functioning of the immune system. The site has an introductory section about the exhibition and a brief historical perspective on the topic. The main part of the exhibition is divided into five main parts: balance of passions; psychosomatic medicine; self-healing, patents and placebos; stress and deprivation; and frontiers of the mind. These section provide an outline of some of the issues of the topic. A bibliography accompanies the exhibition.
The Web page "Ergotism : the Satan loosed in Salem?" offers an online edition of an essay by Linnda Caporael, first published in 1976 in the journal "Science". It seeks to provide an explanation of the outbreak of witchcraft accusations and trials in Salem in 1692, suggesting that poisoning by rye or bread contaminated with ergot (a parasitic fungus) produces symptoms similar to those displayed by some of the girls who claimed they were victims of witchcraft. The case is clearly argued, and Caporael's essay provides a good introduction to the multitude of explanations offered for the phenomenon. By mapping out the crop locations in the village and citing witness evidence, the author shows that it was possible that many of the protagonists in the trials suffered from ergotism. This is a useful essay for those studying Arthur Miller's "The Crucible", American studies, witchcraft in history, or medical history; however, users should note that Caporael's explanation of the events at Salem has not found universal favour among the scholarly community, and has been criticised on a number of points.
The website 'Focus On - Women in Uniform' is an online exhibition published by the Family Records Centre, and traces women's wartime roles over a span of almost 100 years, from the beginning of the Crimean War in 1854, until the end of the Second World War in 1945. Six topics are featured, covering: nurses in the Crimea; nurses in the British Army; the Almeric Paget Military Massage Corps; Scottish Women's hospitals; the Women's Royal Naval Service; and roles during World War II. With each topic there is a profile of an individual woman and information about the organisations they served in, accompanied by digitised primary source documents. These are all sourced from the Family Records Centre, and include census returns, service records, diaries, and pension records. Also in the exhibition are suggestions for further reading, and a selection of related web links. The website is easy to navigate with relialbe information backed by interesting primary sources.
This website is published by Andrew Bamji, the curator of the Gillies archive of plastic surgery at Queen Mary's Hospital in Sidcup. The website provides details of the Gillies archive, which is one of the most complete archives of medical records from the First World War. The archive holds over 2,500 case files on facial plastic surgery performed between 1917 and 1925 on injured servicemen. Although the website is of quite a clunky design it houses some excellent resources, including digital images of the complete Macalister watercolours archive, which show a range of injuries treated at the hospital. The images are graphic, and are somewhat disturbing. Another image gallery of postcards of Queen Mary's Hospital is also on the site, as well as an extremely useful bibliography of surgery and medicine during the Great War.
The Global Project on the History of Leprosy is an ongoing project aimed at creating a database of locations where leprosy archives can be found, so as to facilitate historical research into leprosy. The site intends to cover the modern history of leprosy, post 1847 (when Danielssen and Boeck published 'Om Spedalskhed'), although there are some materials and timelines that refer to the prior history of the disease.While the database creates pathways for researchers, the project will also encourage the preservation of archives and a network of researchers. The site includes an appeal for more leprosy archives, and guidelines on how to preserve such archives.The database can be browsed according to a number of different categories, as well as searched by keyword. Results give contact details for each archive, plus a fairly detailed summary of what materials are held in the archive.This is a major global project which must already be an invaluable resource for those studying the history of leprosy, or working in the broader field of the history of medicine.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Great Britain Historical Database : Health and Health Care Data : Mortality Statistics, 1851-1973' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files, UK higher education users may also download the data through the CHCC (Historical Census Collection) system. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The resource includes: annual cause-of-death data for London districts., 1860-1920; birth and death statistics for local government districts 1921-74 taken from the Registrar General's statistical reviews for England and Wales arranged by sex; age-specific mortality data for registration districts in England and Wales; infant mortality statistics for local government districts in 1911; quarterly mortality counts for registration sub-districts; cause-of-death statistics for registration districts, 1851-1920 taken from the Registrar General's annual reports of births, deaths and marriages; decennial cause of death data for Registration Districts in England and Wales arranged by ages; individual cholera deaths in London in summer and autumn 1866 arranged by date and causes of death.
This website, part funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, explores the history and buildings of the Great Hospital, Norwich. Founded in 1249 the hospital still retains many of its original buildings and unique archives, giving a valuable picture of the life of the unwell poor over seven centuries. The website narrates the institution’s history, from its beginnings in the spiritual care of the poor to its modern day existence as sheltered housing for the elderly. The website uses high quality digitised images of key documents, photographs and three dimensional architectural illustrations to chart the evolution of the hospital as an institution.
This is a U.S. government website giving an official online account of the history of the 1918-1919 influenza epidemic in the U.S. The website is published by the Office of the Public Health Service Historian at the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Sections include: 'Life in 1918'; 'The Pandemic'; 'Documents and Media'; Biographies; and 'Learn More' (including a useful bibliography of academic articles). The 'Documents and Media' section contains scans of original public health posters and information infographics used at the time. The website also has photographs and newspaper reports. This is a useful and concise overview of the 1918 influenza pandemic, as it was experienced by those in the U.S.A.
This is the website of the Hauck Center for the Albert B. Sabin Archives. The centre was founded in 1995 at the Cincinnati Medical Heritage Center with a grant from the John Hauck Foundation. Albert Sabin's complete correspondence, laboratory materials, manuscripts, awards and medals are held by the centre. This collection provide details of the development and testing of the oral polio vaccine as well as of the growth of virology as a discipline. The centre aims to preserve this collection to ensure that it is available for future study and research. The Hauck Center for the Albert B. Sabin Archives website provides information about Sabin and an inventory of the archive. Other features of the site include a list of related links, an on line exhibition, information about the centre and a site map. It is possible to search the site.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Height and Weight of West Point Cadets, 1843-1894" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This data collection was designed to ascertain the nutritional status of mid-nineteenth century Americans. These data supply information on cadet's last name, age, height, weight, place of birth (state), place of appointment (state), and the date of the physical examination. In addition, family background data, such as whether parents were alive, father's occupation, income of parents, head of household, and urban/rural location of family residence, are provided.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Heights and Weights of British School Children, 1908-1950" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The project was linked to an existing project on the use of anthropometric data to monitor changes in the health and well-being of past generations. The specific aims of this project were to use information about the heights of British schoolchildren to investigate changes in child health between 1908 and 1950. The data consists of height, weight and health of schoolchildren between 1908 and 1950. The data also includes information on birth and death rates, infant mortality rates, tuberculosis death rate, and unemployment levels in different areas. The latter were used to investigate the impact of unemployment on child health between 1928 and 1938.
The History and Policy website is the result of a collaboration between the Institute of Historical Research, the University of Cambridge and The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The aims include to provide better historical perspective and knowledge for the current policy debate. Offering a range of papers which provide insights into current political topics from historical research, this is an easy to use resource which can be searched by theme, author or keyword. Via the What We Do Page you can access history papers, links to media coverage and join a network of historians. (H&P Papers provides links to the latest historical papers on the site which include the credit crunch, climate change and the environment, child-support, and British electoral history (such as 'Two Cheers for Democracy: involvement and interest in British politics since 1918' and 'The hustings, broadcasters and the future of British democracy'). The News page provides links to newspaper and radio coverage of historical issues. Journalists and politicians trying to contact a historian will find the Resources page most useful. Users can register, but this is not essential.
History in Focus, from the Institute of Historical Research (IHR, part of the School of Advanced Study, University of London), is an occasional series of guides to historical resources taking a thematic approach to history. The collection has 14 volumes, and its publication was ended in 2008. Each issue is designed to provide an introduction to the chosen topic and to help stimulate interest and debate. The series concentrates on highlighting books, reviews, websites and conferences that relate to the theme, in order to provide a quality assured information resource for learning and teaching. Themes discussed include: medical history; what is history?; and the Victorian era. The section on "what is history" is of particular relevance to both established historians and those beginning their study of history, since it provides an excellent introduction to the myriad voices of historiographical debate within the academic community. History in Focus will provide a snapshot of resources and events at the time of issue. The series is aimed at the entire history community from life long learners to higher education. The site is now archived.
History of Medicine On-Line is a peer reviewed online journal from Priory Lodge Education. The journal aims to publish articles on a broad range of medical history topics. The full-text of the articles on this site are available free of charge. There are currently only a limited number of articles available, although further articles are planned. Topics discussed include: The influence of somatic and psychiatric medical theory on the design of nineteenth century American cities; Insulin coma therapy in schizophrenia; the history of Liverpool psychiatry; and the history of depression before the twentieth century. Another feature of the site under development is the creation of an annual bibliography relating to the history of medicine. Submissions to the journal are encouraged from anyone with an interest in medical history. Submission guidelines are available from the site. ISSN 1471-5279
The website "History of sexuality" is essentially a gateway to a range of resources on the history of sexuality. Authored by Lesley Hall, a leading expert in the field, it brings together a mixture of research, reviews and articles. Amongst the subjects covered are the condom, the clitoris, abortion, and Victorian sex myths. Also available are reviews of books and articles on the history of sexuality, a list of recommended reading, and the full-text of three of Lesley Hall's articles, one on syphilis, one on Victorian sexuality and one on gender and the archives. Researchers will also find the useful history of sexuality research register, listing those researching in this area, and the email discussion list Hist Sex.
The hospital records database, from the Wellcome Trust and The National Archives, provides information on the existence and location of hospital records in the United Kingdom. The database currently contains over 2,800 records which can be searched by hospital or town name. The majority of the records in the database relate to holdings in local authority record offices. The coverage of hospital archives is limited. The database holds information on both administrative and clinical records; where they are held, what type of record is held and the date range. The database also has information on the name, management and type of hospital. The existence of other finding aids, lists and catalogues are listed, where known.
The Humanities Research Institute is a consortium of technology-related research projects from within the University of Sheffield's Faculty of Arts. Their core mission is to use new technologies to formulate and investigate research questions in the humanities which cannot be easily answered by the use of conventional methodologies. The cultural material in electronic form can range from medieval literary manuscripts, public records and early printed books through to modern music manuscripts, novel holographs and scientific writings. "They are conceived and published electronically to give the widest possible access to primary research materials, which would otherwise be available only to scholars travelling to the world's greatest libraries." This online service includes links to the following projects: André Gide Editions; Bakhtin Centre; Cotton Catalogue; East Asian Languages; Fairbank Archive; Flora Tristan; French Stars; Hartlib Papers; Hebrew Dictionary; Hospice History; Illuminated Manuscripts; John Foxe; Latin Stemmer; National Fairground Archive; Pérez Galdós Editions; SciPer; Strafford Papers; Stuart London.
'Hygiea Internationalis' (ISSN: 1404 4013) is a refereed electronic journal publishing on the history of public health. It is the official journal from the International Network for the History of Public Health (INHPH) based at Linköping University in Sweden. The INHPH aims to promote the study of the history of improvements in the health of populations from antiquity to modern times, with a particular focus on the interaction between ideas on public health, their implementation, public health organisations, and their social and demographic consequences. 'Hygiea Internationalis' was started in 1999 and published annually until 2005, but the site has details of a new pattern of more regular publication, starting in October 2006. The articles are freely available from the website as PDF files. The journal was set up with the support of the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation, Swedish Council for Social Research and Swedish Council for Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Information for authors wishing to submit material to the journal is available from the site.
'Index of English and Welsh Lunatic Asylums and Mental Hospitals' is a free online resource provided by Andrew Roberts at Middlesex University. It is based on... "on a comprehensive survey in 1844" and has then been extended through further research by Andrew Roberts and others. This will be a useful resource for those investigating many aspects of the history of the British Isles, of madness in English literature and art, and perhaps also the architecture of purpose-built asylums. The website features a useful A-Z index and a regional index. There is also a 'Mental Health History Timeline 1842-1844'.
Insects, Disease and History is a history of medicine website edited by two academics. The focus of the website is on the impact insect-borne diseases have had on world history. On the site there are a handful of articles on the connections between military history and disease, with mention of yellow fever in the Mexican-American war, typhus fever in World War One, and insects as biological weapons. In addition there is reference information on various diseases and the insects that cause them, and a timeline of diseases, epidemics and historical periods. A glossary completes the useful tools that this site offers. For further research there is suggested reading, and web links.
The website "John Gaunt (1620-1674)" is published by an academic at the Western Washington University. On it is the transcribed first edition of John Graunt's Natural and Political Observations upon the Bills of Mortality, written in 1662, along with two biographies of Graunt, one by his contemporary John Aubrey, and one by the site's author. In addition there are several resources on related topics, including the Black Death, the Plague, the Great Fire of London, portraits of notable individuals, and a timeline of seventeenth century England. This is a useful website for those interested in statistical and medical history.
John Frerichs of the University of California School of epidemiology created this site in order to encourage interest in the life and work of John Snow. The site includes biographical information on John Snow including portraits. There are details of his work as an anaesthesiologist as well as his work on cholera. There is also a section which outlines the nineteenth century debates on what caused cholera. The full-text of Snow's 1855 publication On the Mode of Communication of Cholera is included on the site. A fascinating feature of this site are the online maps. There is a copy of a map originally published by James Reynolds in 1859. It is possible to zoom in and out of this map. There is also a map showing where the different water companies in London operated. The John Snow site is continually being developed. John Frerichs is also developing audio and broadband access. The site provides an interesting insight into the work of John Snow and the history of cholera in nineteenth century London. The site works best with Internet Explorer.
This website describes the Foyle Special Collections Library at Kings College London. Built up over centuries, the library contains some 150,000 items and is particularly strong in the fields of the history of science and medicine, travel and exploration, the history of Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean, the British Empire and 20th century German and Jewish studies. The website describes the collection in detail, and provides 'canned searches' of items within the university's library catalogue.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Long-Term Changes in Nutrition, Welfare and Productivity in Britain; Heights and Ages of Landmen Volunteers Recruited to the Marine Society, 1756-1814' dataset hosted by the Economic ans Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To use information about the heights of the British since the middle of the eighteenth century to describe their nutritional status and to explore its relationship to the welfare and productivity of that population. The data is available to order from the HDS as SPSS por files or tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of height, age and year of recruitment.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Long-Term Changes in Nutrition, Welfare and Productivity in BritainHeights and Ages of Sandhurst Recruits, 1808-1893' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To use information about the heights of the British since the middle of the eighteenth century to describe their nutritional status and to explore its relationship to the welfare and productivity of that population. The data is available to order from the HDS as SPSS por files or tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of height, age, year of recruitment and fees (indicating income level of parent).
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Long-Term Changes in Nutrition, Welfare and Productivity in Britain; Physical and Socio-Economic Characteristics of Boys Recruited into the Marine Society, 1770-1873' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To use information about the heights of the British since the middle of the eighteenth century to describe their nutritional status and to explore its relationship to the welfare and productivity of that population. The data is available to order from the HDS as SPSS por files or tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of height, age, occupation of boy and parent, place of residence, date of recruitment, ability to read and write, date of apprenticeship if relevant, whether had smallpox, nearest relative (kinship category, name).
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Long-term Changes in Nutrition, Welfare and Productivity in Britain; Physical and Socio-economic Characteristics of Recruits to the Army and Royal Marines, 1760-1879' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To use information about the heights of the British since the middle of the eighteenth century to describe their nutritional status and to explore its relationship to the welfare and productivity of that population. The data is available to order from the HDS as 63 SPSS por files or tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of height, age, occupation, place of birth, place and date of recruitment, regiment (if in the army); colour of eyes, hair and complexion; literacy; height at age 24; reason and date of death or discharge; name.
The "Lunacy Commission, A Study of its Origin, Emergence and Character" is a somewhat busy, but extremely useful, website is published by an academic at Middlesex University. It is an online monograph on the history of the Lunacy Commission in England and Wales. The book features an introductory chapter, which outlines the establishment of the Lunacy Commission as a government department in the mid-nineteenth century, and its evolution over the years, as well as examining its predecessors in full too. The subsequent chapters look at the individual commissions that preceded the Lunacy Commission, with a chapter each on the organisation and development of the Physician, Metropolitan, and Inquiry Commissions. The two final chapters provide a directory of commissioners, with biographies, and a list of relevant statutes with reference information.
The Madness and Literature Network website is one strand of a project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. The aim of the project is to develop an international network of: clinicians; academics from a variety of humanities-based disciplines; and service users, to further study into the relationship between English literature and mental health. The aim of the website is to promote the network on an international level, and to draw attention to the seminars and conferences that make up the other strands of the project. The website provides access to a database of fiction and autobiography relating to madness and mental health. At the time of writing this database is still a work in progress, including around 100 post-war books, which can be browsed alphabetically by author or by theme. The site also provides details of how to join the network, as well as details of the project directors and partners. Members of the network can submit reviews of texts relating to issues of madness and mental health for publication on the site. The network is also working on a Leverhulme Trust-funded project entitled 'Madness in Post-war British and American Fiction'. This resource would be of use to researchers and students working in English and history.
The website of the Margaret Sanger Papers Project is devoted to the collection and publication of letters, manuscripts and articles by the birth control pioneer (1879-1966). The Project, sponsored by the Department of History at New York University, has so far produced a microfilm edition of the Sanger Papers, details of which are on the site. Free registration is necessary to access all the material on the site. A transcript collection of some of Sanger’s articles and speeches is provided, alongside a useful capsule biography, histories and staff details of the various organisations with which Sanger was involved. There are also comprehensive primary and secondary bibliographies, and details of the Project’s newsletter. An mp3 file of a speech by Sanger in 1953 is available, as well as regularly updated details of news, events and publications relating to Sanger's work. There are also links to Sanger-related documents (mainly facsimiles and transcriptions of her work) held at other sites.
This Web page gives free access to the full-text of the British journal 'Medical History', offering issues from 1957 until 2009. Each issue has a linked table-of-contents, with articles available as a summary, as "page-view", or as a PDF file. Obituaries, book notes, essay-reviews, and book reviews are also regularly available in each issue. Example article titles include: 'Medical aspects of tobacco smoking and the anti-tobacco movement in Britain in the nineteenth century'; 'Design for a medical service: Peter the Great's Admiralty Regulations (1722)'; 'The barber-surgeons of York'; and 'History of opium in Sri Lanka', among a great many others. The journal may be keyword searched via PubMed, and a direct link to the search box has been added to this Intute record.
The essential premise behind the electronic book 'Misconceptions about the Middle Ages' is that there are common misconceptions students tend to have about the Medieval period, which need to be corrected by those teaching medieval studies. Edited by Stephen J. Harris (University of Massachusetts) and Bryon L. Grigsby (Centenary College), Misconceptions about the Middle Ages comprises a number of essays on a range of topics including: the Crusades; the myth of the mounted knight; medieval medicine; medieval drama; medieval children; and the corruption of the medieval Church. The site is part of ORB: the Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies.
The National Museum of Civil War Medicine website provides general information on the Museum, together with a brief overview of the various aspects of medicine practised during the American Civil War (1861-5) and select bibliographies for further reading and research on the subject. It offers a useful starting point for researchers in Civil War history and the history of medicine. The National Museum of Civil War Medicine, located in Frederick,Maryland, is an independent corporation which collects, exhibits and preserves medical artifacts, manuscripts, books, documents and other materials related to the Civil War. It is the national centre for study and research of American Civil War medicine. The website features an exhibits section, which provides a short guide to the exhibits housed at the museum accompanied by images of featured objects and reconstructed scenes of camp life, evacuation, field hospital, etc. The research section provides suggestions for further reading on nurses and women, diseases and drugs, hospitals and prisons, surgeons, soldiers, medical definitions and medical equipment and information on records held at the National Archives in Washington. It also gives details for researchers wishing to use its library. The site also features an online shop and details on opening hours, location, events and news.
This is the full text of an article on the role nurses played in the Nazi's euthanasia programme during the 1930s and 1940s. Written by Professor Susan Benedict from the College of Nursing at the Medical University of South Carolina, it outlines the euthanasia programmes that were established by the Nazis to kill handicapped and mentally ill children and adults, such as the T-4 adult euthanasia programme, and the 'wild' programmes. It also focuses on the women who participated in these events as nurses, and their motivations for doing so. This is a useful resource for a topic not much documented on the Internet and will complement historians' related work in Holocaust Studies.
The website "Old World contacts" has been published and compiled by the Applied History Research Group, at the University of Calgary. A caveat is issued that the site is functional but not yet complete. It is part of a series of online tutorials. This tutorial takes as its focus travellers between 330 BCE and 1500 CE. Through the writings and records of merchants, military men, missionaries, and others, it examines the ideas of cross-cultural contacts, the concepts of the 'foreign'. The impact of these ideas and exploration on the Old World is discussed on this site. There is a good bibliography arranged according to themes, such as: Alexander the Great; travel and exploration; Arab medicine; the Huns; and the Crusades. The tutorials can be navigated by time period or by theme, which allows the user to proceed with flexibility. The themes explored in cross-cultural contact include: armies; colonists; merchants and traders; missionaries and pilgrims; diplomats and travellers; and modes of transport. A good site for undergraduate students and for their teachers.
The introductory section of this site briefly outlines the bubonic plague in Renaissance Europe. The introductory section also outlines the original aims of the project, which were to create a 'hypertext archive of narratives, medical consilia, governmental records, religious and spiritual writings and images documenting the arrival, impact and response to the problem of epidemic disease in Western Europe between 1348 and 1530'. The site currently provides access to some primary source material on Florence, Pistoia and Lucca in 1348. It will be interesting to see whether the site will fulfil its original aims as it has been a while since the content was last added to.
The Plague Book website provides an online copy of a late 16th century text compiled to address issues regarding the plague. Published in England under the reign of Elizabeth I, this text includes practical advice on: taxation; quarantine; and the preparation of medicines. An image of each page of the text is provided and accompanied by transcripts in both the vernacular and modern English. These appear underneath each page image, but there is also the useful option of viewing each page side-by-side with the transcripts. The featured copy of the text is held at the Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, University of Virginia (USA). There are also three introductory articles pertaining to the text: an overview; an article on dating the text; and one examining the advice on preventing and curing the plague. There is also a short bibliography of relevant material.
This fascinating website from Project Facade presents a wealth of information on a relatively obscure aspect of the First World War: soldiers' injuries and war wounds. Created by artist and curator Paddy Hartley, with the support of a Wellcome Trust SciArt Production Award, the website is a response to, and artistic interpretation of, the surgical methods of facial reconstruction pioneered by New Zealander Sir Harold Gillies. In addition, the website enables Hartley to research and communicate the later life experiences of some of Gillies's WW1 patients. Hartley works in partnership with Dr Andrew Bamji, the Gillies Archive's Curator at Queen Mary's Hospital Sidcup, Dr Ian Thompson, a Biomaterial Scientist in the Oral Maxillofacial Department at Guys Hospital, London, the National Archives at Kew, and the families of some of the men who were operated on by Gillies, to produce sculptures that present "fragmented personal histories of the men who endured long and painful reconstructive surgery developed by Sir Harold Gillies and his surgical team". The attractively designed website contains details on plastic surgery itself, on the importance of uniforms both to group identity and individual/personal history, and a large collection of medical documents (including photographs) on the type and extent of injuries suffered by the servicemen. The website includes a number of very detailed and graphic images of extensive facial disfigurement and surgery. Although this project will prove to be an invaluable resource and addition to World War One studies and to medical and surgical history in general, it is primarily a "sculptural response" to the servicemen's stories that have been provided by the Gillies Archive and others, and it is this artistic interpretation that is the focal point of the project.
This website contains full text digital reprints of publications of Professor Rabie E. Abdel-Halim, Emeritus Professor of Urology and Kuwait Prize Laureate, on history of medicine, surgery, urology, anaesthesiology, health education and other sub-specialties during the Medieval Islamic Era. The articles are available in PDF format (although one or two are also in HTML) and are arranged by theme. There is, furthermore, details on upcoming articles published by Professor Abdel-Halim.
PubMed Central is a free Web-based archive of journal literature for all of the life sciences. The JISC Digitisation Programme funded the Medical Journals Backfiles Project in the UK to digitise and make available a selection of medical journals through PubMed. Some of these date back to the early 19th century, e.g. 1809 (the first edition of the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine). Historical discoveries are obviously part of these papers: Sir Alexander Fleming's use of penicillin to fight bacterial infections; Thomas Hodgkin’s description of lymphadenoma (Hodgkin’s disease). Moreover, current issues can be understood through the study of earlier literature - the example given by the Project is that in order to understand the recent MMR scare, researchers can turn to the discussion surrounding autism in the 1940s and 1950s. Medical journal backfiles digitised in this way have had to be indexed and new xml citations are being created and added to PubMed Central. You can search the site by journal title, or by keyword across the range of journals included.
The website 'Renaissance Secrets' is published by the Open University and the BBC as a companion to a series of short programmes about this period of history. Subjects covered include the architecture of the dome of Florence Cathedral; Venice; Italian Renaissance medicine and healthcare; and the question of whether Gutenberg really did invent movable type, as has usually been believed. For some of the subjects, full transcripts of the programmes are provided. There are also reading lists, together with biographies of the academic experts involved. The course also includes interesting insights from non-academic experts, such as Daniel Libeskind and Cecil Balmond. Additionally, there are links to pages on four major historiographical approaches, including those connected to Marxist theories and women's history. The website is obviously intended to be used in conjunction with courses on the Renaissance, in particular that of the Open University. The subjects are not covered in depth, but the site serves as an entertaining and basic introduction to the topics covered. The site is well laid out, and excellent images are also interspersed with the texts.
The website "Resources in the History of Idiocy" is published by an academic at the University of Dundee and provides a number of resources for those interested in the history of learning disabilities and mental health. On the site users will find two lengthy bibliographies of secondary and primary sources, as well as a handful of online articles and a selection of transcribed historical texts spanning 1797 to 1882. Also on the site is a selection of links to relevant websites and to other historical documents. The contents are mainly concerned with American and British history, although some European material is also included. The site seems to be archived now since it was last updated in 2004.
This website, from the Scottish Way of Birth and Death Project at the Department of Economic and Social History in the University of Glasgow, aims to provide online discussion of the history of civil registration in Scotland. Sponsored by the Welcome Trust, is simple to navigate - using a number of links down the left-hand side of the page - and is highly informative and interesting. It looks at, for example, the issues in recording national statistics and censuses and what we can learn from understanding the available information. Information is provided on a number of issues in this field, including for example: birth; marriage; death; divorce; health and disease; vaccination; and war and national registration. A highly useful website with a wealth of information available.
A Short History of the Development of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology provides a chronological overview of technological developments in this field since the nineteenth century. Much of the information on the site has been written by the site creator, Joseph Woo, although links to external sites are also used where appropriate. As well as providing a chronology the site has an index which divides the information into the following categories: Early developments in ultrasonics; Short histories of the developement of medical ultrasonics in pioneering countries; Biographies and mentions; Gray scale and scan converter; The Real-time Scanner; The Transvaginal Scanner; Early Doppler ultrasound; Applications; Amniocentesis; Three dimensional ultrasound; Tissue characterization; Bio-safety; and Others.
The Small and Special website provides free access to the results of a project into the early development of The Hospital for Sick Children at Great Ormond Street, in London, which was England's first in-patient hospital for children. The project to analyse the patient registers of the hospital from 1852 to 1914 has been carried out in partnership with Kingston University and funded partly by the Wellcome Trust. Through this easy to use site it is possible to trace patients or members of staff and to find out more about childhood diseases. The database of admission registers can be searched by name, year of birth and age at admission. There are detailed articles about doctors, nurses and patients in an online 'Library' which is being developed. A series of images of staff, patients and buildings is available in thumbnail form, which can be enlarged. This resource will be of use to anyone interested in the history of medicine, social history and the history of London. Charles Dickens was an early supporter of the hospital. If users register, which is free, they can access more detailed information and perform more advanced searches.
'The medical history of British India' is a website giving access to a number of reports and maps held by the National Library of Scotland detailing the advancements in public health made during the period of British rule of India. The fifty reports available on the site show the efforts of the colonial state to meet the demands placed upon it by endemic and epidemic diseases. The documents are presented as jpeg images and are also available as pdf downloads. The quality of these images is impressive, as is the range of documents given on the site, which include commission reports, scientific accounts of research findings, regional surveys of disease and reports on specific outbreaks. The collection is fully searchable, and has a 'highlights' section as well for the more casual visitor. A well laid out and very useful research tool.
The site "Local history" is published by The National Archives as part of the national archive's Pathways to the Past project, designed for adult learners. The site acts as a guide to the local history resources available in the The National Archives, and it offers illustrated 'galleries' on five topics relevant to local historians. It is not designed to be an exhaustive introduction, and focuses on resources dating from the eighteenth century onwards. Land and People discusses sources like parish acreage returns, tithe records and maps, parish summaries, and farm surveys. Local Government and Services looks at the records pertaining to manors, poor law unions, public health, and schools. Popular Protest section explores the resources available on the Luddites, the Chartists, the Swing Riots and the General Strike. In addition to this the two remaining galleries, The Law and Working Lives cover records from prisons, assizes courts, and the metropolitan police, and staff records, census information, trade unions, and wages and payments. The guide is well illustrated with facsimile images of primary source material, and helpful explanations of the records held at The National Archives.
This website offers a description of the AHRC-funded research project ‘Trauma and Personhood in Late Colonial Kenya’. Based at the University of Oxford’s African Studies Centre, this project makes use of the archives of Dr. Edward Margetts (1920–2004), psychiatrist in charge of Mathari Mental Hospital, Kenya. Documents in the collection include clinical findings, research and observations, and the backgrounds and stories of Margetts’ patients. Of particular interest are the meticulously annotated photographic portraits, including images of symptoms, expressions and spasms. The archive is “a uniquely detailed record of psychiatric endeavour in the colonial context” providing a unique insight into “colonial psychiatry” at the end of empire. As well as an overview of the project and collection, the website includes a biography of Dr Edward Margetts, a bibliography and a list of the projects activities.
This website has details of a major oral history survey of the 'treatments' used for homosexuality during the second half of the 20th century in the British Isles, and aims to place some of its narratives online in the future. The research project was funded by the Wellcome Trust from 2001 to 2004. Further research is said to be ongoing, a survey of 300 therapists in the UK is being undertaken at April 2009, and researchers are making a worldwide call for information on 'treatments' still being practiced outside the UK. At April 2009 this website is currently very sparse in terms of content, but does contain several interviews with professionals, details of the projects and researchers, and external Web links. This will be a useful contact point for those interested in making contact with active researchers in the post-war history of the medicalisation of homosexuality.
This excellent website, developed by the Hackney Archives Department, the National Archives Learning Curve team, and Immediate Theatre with funding from the New Opportunities Fund, delves into the history of Hackney during Elizabethan times. Tudor Hackney is a completely interactive resource, and features a virtual reality reconstruction of Hackney in 1601, and an impressive video drama 'The Dysasters and Misfortunes of John and Jane Daniell', which is based upon records of the couple housed in the Hackney Archives. Both the virtual reality tour and the video require downloads, which are free and can be accessed from the site. In addition to these resources, the site also features an exploration of Hackney during the 16th and 17th centuries, and the surrounding parishes of Shoreditch and Stoke Newington. The topics covered include notable local people, local government and the poor, the law, crime and punishment, transport links and infrastructure, and hospitals and medical care. All the text is accompanied with illustrations, and facsimile images of primary source material, and this digitised material can also be browsed separately in the Picture Gallery. This is an impressive site offering quality scholarship and resources, and it is relevant and accessible to students and researchers alike.
The site "UK Centre for the History of Nursing and Midwifery" introduces this research centre based at the University of Manchester as part of the School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social work. The site describes the aims of this centre and its postgraduate programmes. The site provides access to a small selection of online papers from 2002 and 2003; gives details of events, seminars and conferences related to the history of nursing. However, the "Publications" section is up to date with the latest news of new books; book reviews; and bibliographies. Current research projects are described on the site of the School.
The website introduces the University of Bath’s special collections, much of which can be searched via the University library’s online catalogue. Each collection is summarised here, with particular strengths in the history of agriculture, medicine, industrial archaeology and music as well as collations relating to Sir Isaac Pitman, inventor of the eponymous shorthand system.
The website 'University of Bristol Special Collections' describes the special collections held by the University of Bristol Library. Covering a wide range of subjects the collections derive from a wide range of subject-specific personal and institutional libraries donated to the university. Particular strengths are in the history of architecture, non-conformist Christian movements, science and medicine as well as rare books, political pamphlets and social history. Other collections include various family archives, often related to the history of Bristol and the nationally important collection of material relating to Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The site informs about catalogues and archives and gives guidance regarding library policy and practical things to know for users.
Thewebsite 'University of Edinburgh Library Special Collections' describes the special collections held by the library of the University of Edinburgh. Objects tend to reflect the university’s own strengths, with manuscripts and papers papers of major Scottish Enlightenment figures, architectural drawings, papers of scientists from the 17th-20th centuries, along side other collections relating to the history of medicine and science, Scottish literature, Gaelic and Celtic studies, music, theology and Middle Eastern studies. The website includes information about the university’s theses collection and collections of images and photographs. Some image collections these are available online. The website also includes details of research projects related to the special collections.
This website describes the special collections and archives held at the University of Leicester Library. There is a particular strength in holdings related to Leicester, from personal papers of local literary figures Sue Townsend and Joe Orton to archives relating to the history of science and medicine in the area. The collection is more wide ranging than this however, encompassing labour history, European history, 12th-20th century manuscripts, 17th century prints, incunabula and early children's books. As well as briefly describing the contents of each named collection, the website includes access information.
The Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library houses rare books, special collections, manuscripts, archived documents and the official records of the University of Toronto. The Library now holds some 600,000 volumes and approximately 2,500 linear metres of manuscripts. The highlights of this collection are made available online through a series of virtual exhibitions. These include: etchings of the seventeenth century Bohemian artist, Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677); Anatomia, 1522-1867, with historical studies of the human anatomy from sources spanning that time period; the Barren Lands, with over 5,000 images from surveys conducted in 1893 and 1894 of Canada's north (now Nunavut) by James Tyrrell and J. B. Tyrrell; pre-1930 Canadian Pamphlets and Broadsides; Canadian Printer and Publisher, showing the history of the Canadian publishing industry through historic trade journals; the Discovery and Early Development of Insulin; and a classical Papyri collection. An additional 'Images from the Collection' subsite provides a wealth for images related to Canadiana; English and European Literature; Hebraica and Judaica; and Philosophy, Theology and Religion. The site posts exhibition catalogues and other library publications.
Researchers can refer to the Index to Collections, which offers detailed archival information. Those working from the medieval to modern periods should pay particular attention to the Manuscript Collection Index, with notable holdings on Middle East manuscripts; Byzantine manuscripts; a Galileo collection; early modern medical casebooks; 16th century Portuguese poetry; medieval and early modern Hebrew manuscripts; manuscripts and proofs by D.H. Lawrence and Charles Dickens; and valuable sources on early Canadiana. The rare book holdings are equally rich. In this area, historians will especially note a 1968 Czechoslovakia collection; a French Revolution collection; a Spanish Civil War collection; a Polish Solidarity collection; and a collection on Australia. Also not to be missed are important Canadian theatre history collections; special collections relating to philosophy (Aristotle, Bacon, Hobbes, Locke, Russell) and the history of philosophy.
The site also gives information on the annual Kenny Prize, for scholarly writing by a Canadian on Marxist, left or labour studies.
Rules for access, registration, photocopying and similar information for visitors are provided. Some images from the collections can be made into postcards, cards and posters which users can order from the site. Navigation is fairly clear and the site has its own search engine.
This website describes the special collections held at the University of York. Although the university has only been building its collections for a short time, they already rival much older libraries. They are particularly strong in the humanities, including a wide range of rare books, from a number of gentlemanly and parish libraries, supplemented by the personal collections of a number of authors and researches associated with the university. These are supplemented by collections of twentieth century literature, copies of scores bequeathed by Aaron Copeland and numerous microfilm collections. Anyone is free to consult items in situ at the university, and they are recorded in its online catalogue.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Urban Population of 18th Century Denmark' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The study examines the conditions in a major Danish provincial town, Odense, in the eighteenth century. It seeks to establish whether there were any essential differences between urban and rural conditions as regards birth-rate, mortality, family structure etc., and whether such differences, if any, were attributable to health, moral conduct, socio-economic structure, etc. Odense was chosen for this analysis because it was suitable in size and the source material is in an excellent state of preservation. The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of birthrate, mortality, family structure, health, moral conduct, socio-economic structure.
The Victorian Britain website is one of the online exhibitions published by the National Archives Learning Curve, and has been designed to be used with the History National Curriculum. It is aimed at Key Stage 3-5 students, but the material is of a very high standard and would be useful to other history students and teachers. Using the 1851 Great Exhibition as its reference point, the site looks at different aspects of Victorian life and considers whether life improved during the course of the nineteenth century. The topics covered are: industry; public health; leisure; poverty; crime; and views on gender, and include information on coalmining; cholera and typhoid; the coming of the railways; the New Poor Law and workhouses; the establishment of the Metropolitan Police Force; and the inequality between men and women. Each topic is interactive, containing facsimile images of primary source material, video clips, and short fun activities designed to help users understand the main points of subjects.
This electronic copy of Hector Gavin's 'Sanitary Ramblings, Being Sketches and Illustrations of Bethnal Green, a Type of the Condition of the Metropolis and Other Large Towns' (London: John Churchill, 1848) was sympathetically prepared for publication by Lee Jackson and can be found on the 'Dictionary of Victorian London' website. Written in support of the sanitary reform by a lecturer in forensic medicine and public health who was also a member of the Committee for the Health of Towns and of London Association, it tackles such topics as: 'Location and structure of dwelling-houses', 'Warming and ventilation of houses', 'House cleansing', 'Privies and cesspools', 'Paving', 'Street cleansing', 'Sewerage', 'Interments', 'Nuisances', 'Water supply', and 'Sickness and disease, and mortality'. The text is accompanied by a map and descriptions of the five medical relief districts of the parish of Bethnal Green, as well as by sickness and mortality tables for the one-year period ending on the 1st of October 1847. All publishing information has been retained, including the original print page references. The map is available in two sizes, the second of which is relatively large and may be slow to download over a low-bandwith connection; it is, however, detailed and of good quality.
The website "Victorian Times" reveals a project is funded by the New Opportunities Fund, and is published in partnership with the Centre for Digital Library Research, University of Strathclyde, The Library of the London School of Economics and The Stationery Office. Victorian Times aims to provide a learning resource on nineteenth century Britain that can be accessed by students of all levels, from school children, to life-long learners and researchers. A drop-down menu allows the reader to select his/her educational level. The project is concerned with the social, political and economic aspects of Victorian history, focusing particularly on health care, education, housing, transport, industry, and labour and trade unions, and provides access to digitised primary sources, namely parliamentary papers, pamphlets, and photographs. The material on the site can be searched or browsed, and there are also timelines planned for each topic, and a selection of biographies of prominent Victorians.
This is the website of the "ViVa" bibliography of women's history in historical and women's studies journals. "ViVa" is named for the Dutch for Women's History in Professional Journals (Vrouwengeschiedenis in het Vaktijdschrift). ViVa is compiled at the International Institute of Social History, with contributions of New Zealand history (from Massey University) and contributions on women in African history from "AfricaBib" (based at University of Arkansas-Little Rock), and contributions on the history of medicine (from SUNY Upstate Medical University). The bibliography refers to articles on women and gender from historical journals and history from women's studies journals, and focussed especially on social history, in particular labour history. Related topics are also included, such as: prostitution; witchcraft; housework; sexuality; birth control; infanticide; the family; gynaecology; and masculinity. The journals covered are mainly English and American titles, as well as a few journals from India. Contributions are solicited of German and French titles.
This online exhibition published by the Natural History Museum is an interactive exploration of the voyage of the Endeavour in the eighteenth century. Using Flash, Quicktime, or the Cosmo VRML viewer, the exhibition uses a range of multimedia to help users engage with the material, and the history of the Endeavour expedition. The exhibition features an introduction to Cook's voyage, noting the impact it had on astronomy, botany, geography, navigation and medicine, a plan of the ship, brief biographies of Captain Cook, Joseph Banks, Sydney Parkinson and Daniel Solander, and illustrations and specimens that were gathered from around the world during the voyage.
This website presents the digitised study collections of Barts and the London, School of Medicine and Dentistry. Drawn from three separate museum collections, this is an extensive database of specimens prepared for medical study, many including case notes (dating back in some instances to the early twentieth century). Registration is compulsory, but approval is automatic and free for email addresses from a recognised academic or clinical domain (for example .ac.uk or .nhs). Whilst intended for clinical study, the resource is obviously of interest to those studying or researching the history of medicine and dentistry as well as those looking for high quality and unusual anatomical images. Equally this web resource stands alone as an exemplary ‘virtual museum’. The VPathMuseum was created with financial assistance from the AHRC.
"Whonamedit.com" is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms aimed at the general user. However the information presented here for some of the entries can be so comprehensive, and so well hyperlinked throughout the database that "Whonamedit.com" [Who named it?] might be of use to school and higher education users. To find a particular person, use the function "List persons by last name" (always visible in the top navigation bar of every page) by clicking on the first letter of the name. Alternatively you can find all persons linked to a particular eponym listed at the top of the eponym description. Biographies can also be displayed by country. To find a particular eponym, you can either browse through the categories or perform a free text-search. In addition, all eponyms relevant to a particular person are listed in his or her biography.The intention is to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person. Currently over 5,700 eponyms have been described in over 2,700 main entries. These eponyms are linked to over 2,300 persons (of whom 68 are female - and there is a category to facilitate access to these). Correction and additions are solicited by the editor.
The World Health Organization (WHO) historical collection was established in 1995 in association with the Institut Louis Jeantet d'Historie de la Médecine of the University of Geneva. The collection includes: administrative documents; information on the foundation of the WHO; official records; International Sanitary Conventions; and rare books dating from 1507. A programme to scan selected works and the rare historical collections is currently being undertaken by the WHO. The facsimile images of these works are being made freely available from the website as PDF files. Documents currently available include: rare books on plague, smallpox and epidemiology; material relating to the History of the World Health Organization; and the League of Nations malaria documents. The WHO's Historical Collections website also provides full details of the scope of the collection and on how to search the collection. Information for researchers wishing to use the collection is also provided on the site.
This site, which is run by the Great War Primary Document Archive, contains a large archive of primary documents relating to the First World War and its immediate aftermath, compiled by members of the World War I Military History List. The documents are indexed under the subject headings of 'Conventions, Treaties, and Official Papers', 'Memorials, Personal Reminiscences' and 'Documents by Year', the latter category containing, in chronological order, those documents which do not fall under either of the other two. In addition, the site contains a large number of related secondary articles, written by members of the group, listed under such headings as 'a WWI Biographical Dictionary', 'The Maritime War' and 'The Medical Front'. The site also contains an image archive, a long and annotated list of links to related websites, and a set of postings recommending reading for various different topics related to the Great War. A mirror of this website is offered by the University of Oxford - linked to from the Brigham Young site.
The Yellow Fever Collection website has been developed by The Claude Moore Health Sciences Library at the University of Virginia. The site has two main sections, the first of which outlines major themes and personalities in the United States Army Yellow Fever Commission’s search for a yellow fever vaccine. The second part of the website provides information about and access to the Philip S. Hench Walter Reed Yellow Fever Collection from the Historical Collection at the University of Virginia Health Services. This collection includes correspondence, notes, reports, photographs, negatives and artifacts from the Walter Reed Series, Jesse Lazear Series, Henry Rose Carter Series, Jefferson Randolph Kean Series and the Philip S. Hench Series. It is possible to browse by date, series and subject. It is also possible to search the collection by keyword. Other features of the website includes a list of links, a who’s who, a collection guide and help on navigating the site.
This website provides a detailed introduction to the library special collections, archives, museums and digital resources held at the University of Aberdeen. These collections have a distinctly Scottish flavour, although their quality is said to be of international significance, and range from the archives of the University’s own five centuries of history, through family and estate records, to items associated with the history of science and medicine, Jacobitism and the Enlightenment. These records can be searched via the library catalogue. The website also acts as a portal to the University’s eight museums, all leaders in their field, ranging from ethnography to zoology. The website also details the various digitisation projects which have taken place, a set of useful resources derived from key collections. Of particular note is the archive of "Collection Highlights" which showcase particular collections or achives as well illustrated online exhibitions.
This website describes the special collections and archives held by the University of Bradford Library. Built around the University’s research interests, the collections cover areqa including: archaeology; local history; history of science and medicine; literature (notably the JB Priestley Archive); religion and peace studies. As well as describing each collection in some detail, the website also explains how to find and access material.