The website "The Nature of Diamonds" is an online exhibition from the American Museum of Natural History. It accompanied an exhibition at the Museum from 1997-1998, which explored "the nature of diamonds". Illustrated text is organized in clearly navigable sections that examine scientifically and historically: What is a Diamond?; Origins; History; Mining and Distribution; Industry and Technology; Jewelry and Gems. There is also a lengthy bibliography of printed material. The 'History' section, for example, delves into: the concepts and images of the diamond as a royal gem, significant for love and betrothal; the origins and traditions, trade, and myths and legends in India (including caste and Buddhism) and ancient Greece and Rome, and the mediterranean cultures; picking the story up again in the middle ages, through the Renaissance, and modern history, to the twentieth century. The images, photographs and maps, which have detailed captions, may be enlarged.
British Photographic History is a substantial social networking and news website, devoted to the history of British photography and photographers. Launched in early 2009, at September 2009 the network has 270 members. The network appears to be very active, even at a time of widespread neglect of the study of photographic history in British universities. The website has blogs, a discussion forum, a full list of members (most with photos), and a useful Events page listing exhibitions and conferences. The British Photographic History network and website is a welcome development for historians researching and publishing on this topic.
'The Creation of Color in Eighteenth-Century Europe' is a scholarly historical monograph and online exhibition, hosted by Gutenberg-e and Columbia University Press. The focus of this cross-disciplinary book is on England and France, and includes Germany and the Netherlands as well, and it examines both the scientific, philosophical, and cultural aspects of the history of the development of colours in those nations. The website is illustrated, and PDF print-ready versions of each section are available. There is an index of all media included in the website. In addition to the free access/open access version, the book is available through the Humanities E-Book series of the ACLS (US).
PubMed Central is a free Web-based archive of journal literature for all of the life sciences. The JISC Digitisation Programme funded the Medical Journals Backfiles Project in the UK to digitise and make available a selection of medical journals through PubMed. Some of these date back to the early 19th century, e.g. 1809 (the first edition of the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine). Historical discoveries are obviously part of these papers: Sir Alexander Fleming's use of penicillin to fight bacterial infections; Thomas Hodgkin’s description of lymphadenoma (Hodgkin’s disease). Moreover, current issues can be understood through the study of earlier literature - the example given by the Project is that in order to understand the recent MMR scare, researchers can turn to the discussion surrounding autism in the 1940s and 1950s. Medical journal backfiles digitised in this way have had to be indexed and new xml citations are being created and added to PubMed Central. You can search the site by journal title, or by keyword across the range of journals included.
The "Scientific Revolution" website is part of web page of Dr. Robert A. Hatch and is made available by the University of Florida. It provides access to a range of resources for the study and teaching of the Scientific Revolution, covering developments from Copernicus to Isaac Newton over the period 1550 to 1700. At the time of review, some links on the site were incomplete or broken. Nevertheless, the site presents much useful information about the resources available for the study of the Scientific Revolution and the scientists and thinkers involved. The site is divided into the following sections: Introduction; Overview and Background; Outlines, Timelines and Tools; Biography and the Scientific Revolution; Intermediate Resources; Research - Primary Texts; and Research - Early English Books Online. It is aimed at undergraduate students and teachers. The content available at the time of cataloguing included: an introductory essay discussing the concept of periodisation in relation to the Scientific Revolution; bibliographic essays by Robert Hatch and Richard Westfall; an account of basic concepts of various world and cosmological systems, from the Aristotelian cosmos to Newton; timelines; bibliographies of secondary and important primary material; and a guide to online resources, in particular Early English Books Online and Gallica. Hatch's "History of Science Study Guide", which covers developments in astronomy and related scientific disciplines from pre-scientific times to Newton, is a very useful overview. The site also makes available Richard Westfall's browsable prosopographical list of over 600 individuals involved in the scientific community. This is a valuable tool and will be of use to students and researchers. The study guide and account of cosmological concepts will also be of considerable interest to those involved in the history of science in the early modern period. The bibliographical material will be of use to all students of the subject. There is no indication of updates and the site seems to be archived.
This Internet Archive page contains a free ebook edition of a public domain book by Richard Buckley Litchfield, titled 'Tom Wedgwood, the First Photographer: An Account of His Life' (1903). This scrupulous and scholarly biography includes a great many letters as well as the whole text of the famous 1802 paper "An Account of a Method of Copying Paintings upon Glass, and of Making Profiles, by the Agency of Light upon Nitrate of Silver". The book is a prudent and balanced work of scholarship based on a sound inspection of Wedgwood's well-preserved papers and letters, and thus it is still a valuable resource today. The author was not, however, in a position to evaluate either Wedgwood's metaphysical thought, or the influence of his 1802 paper between 1802 and 1839 - recent scholarship has since overturned his assumptions on both topics. The author appears to have been brave enough, even in 1903, to drop numerous heavy hints about Wedgwood's likely homosexual nature. The book also contains a significant amount of information about Wedgwood's patronage of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, although it would seem likely that Coleridge scholars have since overtaken the account given here. The book has been professionally scanned from a copy held in the library of the University of California. In PDF form (38Mb) it overlays copyable and accurate OCR text over scans of the original pages. There is an index.
The website 'University of Bristol Special Collections' describes the special collections held by the University of Bristol Library. Covering a wide range of subjects the collections derive from a wide range of subject-specific personal and institutional libraries donated to the university. Particular strengths are in the history of architecture, non-conformist Christian movements, science and medicine as well as rare books, political pamphlets and social history. Other collections include various family archives, often related to the history of Bristol and the nationally important collection of material relating to Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The site informs about catalogues and archives and gives guidance regarding library policy and practical things to know for users.