The website "ASPNS: Anglo-Saxon Plant-Name Survey" is the homepage of this project at the Institute for the Historical Study of Language, University of Glasgow. The Anglo-Saxon Plant-Names Survey (ASPNS) aims to produce a comprehensive database of these names and interpret this linguistic information within an interdisciplinary context of other humanities and sciences. Plant-names of Anglo-Saxon England survive in a variety of media, such as manuscripts and inscriptions, and are of more than linguistic interest, shedding light on a wide variety of social matters such as dialect, land-use and economy, diet, medical treatment, clothing and the wider perception of the landscape. The site provides the ASPNS annual report from 2000 onwards, downloadable in RTF format, details of the personnel working on the project and a list of plant names arranged in tabular form. These include: bushes and trees; ferns; fungi; lichen; moss; grasses and reeds; fruits and nuts; edible roots; various types of grains; spices and herbs; medicinal plants and plants yielding fibres for cloth making. Also included is the database of Latin plant-names in all their variant forms which were current in Anglo-Saxon England. The website also includes the ASPNS bibliography as well as a select but wide-ranging bibliography of general Anglo-Saxon studies (such as language and palaeography, history and archaeology but also fiction and children's literature) as well as page of weblinks. Although largely a specialist resource aimed at researchers in the historical development of the English language, the bibliographies and weblinks will also benefit students and the general public.
The website "Blackwell's herbal", made available by the British Library, provides an overview of and introduction to Elizabeth Blackwell's 'Curious Herbal', first published in 1737. The herbal is one of the texts featured in the British Library's Online Gallery Virtual Books, and provides useful background information for interested users of the website. Elizabeth Blackwell, who was the first female herbalist to publish such a book, drew the plants in her herbal from live botanical specimens at the Chelsea Physic Garden. She also prepared the work for publication, and coloured the plates herself. She was accomplished enough to gain the support of the Society of Apothecaries. Brief accounts are given of two editions of the text: the first edition of 1737; and the 'Nuremberg' edition of 1747-73, which is said to be superior. Four illustrations taken from the two editions of the text are included in each of the pages available, accompanied by a few lines of contextualising information. The images are not of the same quality as those in digitised version, but are equal in quality to the British Library's standard web pages. An audio file is also available to go with this version of the resource, for which Windows Media Player is required. The author(s) of the essay are not identified on the site.
'Captain Cook: voyages of discovery' is a website about the three expeditions of the explorer Captain James Cook (1728-1779). The site forms part of the Hunterian Museum of the University of Glasgow, and the accounts of Cook's journeys are accompanied by images of some of the artefacts that he collected, which are now on display in the Museum. Cook's first voyage, on the 'Endeavour' lasted from 1768-1771, his second, on the 'Resolution', from 1772 to 1775, and his final voyage, again on the Resolution, left Plymouth in 1776 but was curtailed by Cook's demise at the hands of irate Hawaiians. His travels took in the Islands of Australia, New Zealand, Tonga, the Cook Islands, Tahiti, Hawaii, the New Hebrides, and New Caledonia. Each of the voyages has its own web page with an interactive map of the route taken. Clicking on an island brings up a short account of Cook's discoveries and reception there. These in turn link to images of artefacts held in the museum's collections. There are also a few web pages that describe eighteenth-century navigation, and the kinds of danger that Cook and his men faced. This is a nicely presented website that gives a good sense of Cook's undertaking and provides a clear, if simple, introduction to his voyages. Hopefully, more artefacts will be added to the site in the future.
The Complete Works of Charles Darwin Online is a website providing unprecedented, comprehensive access to Darwin's published works and unpublished papers as well as to his private papers. With at least one exemplar of all known Darwin publications available here, this impressive resource provides over 40,000 pages of searchable text and over 150,00 images. Complementing these primary texts (which have either been scanned or transcribed, or both) are a number of other valuable resources. These include: the largest Darwin bibliography, based on the work of R.B.Freeman; the largest catalogue of Darwin manuscripts (from the University of Cambridge Library); hundreds of additional texts such as reviews of Darwin's works, obituaries, biographies, and works useful for studying Darwin; and editorial introductions to contextualise Darwin's work and aid understanding. As from April 2008, Darwin's private papers are also available, including his diaries, field notebooks, drafts, drawings and diagrams, photographs and much more.
The site may be navigated in a number of ways, including searching and browsing, as described on the User Guide page. Additions and improvements to the site are being made continually; more editions, translations and introductions are planned, and new materials added can be found in the 'What's New' section. MP3 files of some of the works may be downloaded for free, and a user guide is available to help make the most of this vast website. This immensely important and rich resource will appeal to anyone interested in the works of Charles Darwin, and represents a major contribution to the digital humanities.
'Darwin 200' is the website of a national event in the UK, which aims to celebrate the 200th birthday of the scientist Charles Darwin. The website has been created by the Natural History Museum and has a full description of the project, its aims, and partner events such as a BBC 'Darwin season' on television. There is also an events listing which is searchable by keyword or can be filtered by place. Visitors to the website can create their own customised programme of events. The website also has a guide to online Darwin resources, and an interactive map of "Darwin's Britain". This may be a useful website for those studying media coverage of science, public understanding of controversy in scientific history, and the role of the arts in contemporary science education.
The website "The Darwin Correspondence Online Database" is not only an online database, but also provides an extended and extremely comprehensive bibliography of works on the eminent scientist and thinker. It is of use to those researching or studying any aspects of Darwin's thinking, nineteenth century correspondence, or any other figures connected to Darwin, as well as botanists, biologists, and sociologists. It contains information on all the known correspondence of Charles Darwin, which can be searched by name, places, plants, animals, geological terms, and many other terms. There is also a list of correspondents, supplemented with their biographical details. The correspondence is also arranged chronologically, consisting of almost fourteen thousand items from 1821 to Darwin's death in 1882, at the time of cataloguing. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Resource Enhancement scheme.
'Darwin Country' is a website describing the landscape and places that are associated with the famous scientist Charles Darwin, in and around the rural town of Shrewsbury in the British Isles. The website was created by the Shrewsbury Museums Service with support from The Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries, and the West Midlands Regional Museums Council, among others. It contains a wealth of images, paintings, maps, and texts. Some articles are also linked to selected digitised materials from museum collections. Users of the website can 'collect' such items into a personal 'discovery folder'. By visiting the 'Images' pages, the user can also browse 1294 photographs, paintings, drawings, and some maps. Despite its general lack of design values or navigational elegance, this substantial website is a useful and impressive addition to the online resources for the study of Darwin in the context of the northern Midlands and the Welsh Marches.
Published by the National Library of Australia, the 'Endeavour: Captain Cook's Journal 1768-71' website provides excerpts from the journal of Captain James Cook, which was written aboard HMS Endeavour during his epic sea voyage when he, and the English naturalist and botanist, Sir Joseph Banks, circumnavigated the world and discovered Australia. The site is advertising a CD-ROM, Endeavour: Captain Cook's Journal 1768-71, published by the library and designed with teachers and school students in mind. The site offers a sample of the material available on the CD-ROM, with an except from the journal (covering 10-13 June 1770, when the Endeavour crashed onto the Great Barrier Reef), which can be viewed as a facsimile image, or read as a transcript. In the 'Voyage' section of the website, it is possible to click on a month and see a map and a brief description of the route travelled during that time.
This site from the Australian Science Archives Project provides access to the text of the journal of Syms Covington from December 1831 to September 1836. Syms Covington was the assistant to Charles Darwin on the second voyage of HMS Beagle. The text on the website has been provided as an edited and annotated transcription of the original journal text, divided into eight chapters. Each chapter is illustrated and appendices of crew lists and Covington’s travels are also provided. A bibliography of suggested readings is available from the site, which includes references to both primary and secondary sources. This site is text-heavy, with the material presented as densely written scroll-down pages. However, while this can be tiring on the eyes, the tone is very readable and offers useful context and commentary of the main content, while the annotations provide valuable additional understanding.
This website describes the Foyle Special Collections Library at Kings College London. Built up over centuries, the library contains some 150,000 items and is particularly strong in the fields of the history of science and medicine, travel and exploration, the history of Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean, the British Empire and 20th century German and Jewish studies. The website describes the collection in detail, and provides 'canned searches' of items within the university's library catalogue.
PubMed Central is a free Web-based archive of journal literature for all of the life sciences. The JISC Digitisation Programme funded the Medical Journals Backfiles Project in the UK to digitise and make available a selection of medical journals through PubMed. Some of these date back to the early 19th century, e.g. 1809 (the first edition of the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine). Historical discoveries are obviously part of these papers: Sir Alexander Fleming's use of penicillin to fight bacterial infections; Thomas Hodgkin’s description of lymphadenoma (Hodgkin’s disease). Moreover, current issues can be understood through the study of earlier literature - the example given by the Project is that in order to understand the recent MMR scare, researchers can turn to the discussion surrounding autism in the 1940s and 1950s. Medical journal backfiles digitised in this way have had to be indexed and new xml citations are being created and added to PubMed Central. You can search the site by journal title, or by keyword across the range of journals included.
The "Scientific Revolution" website is part of web page of Dr. Robert A. Hatch and is made available by the University of Florida. It provides access to a range of resources for the study and teaching of the Scientific Revolution, covering developments from Copernicus to Isaac Newton over the period 1550 to 1700. At the time of review, some links on the site were incomplete or broken. Nevertheless, the site presents much useful information about the resources available for the study of the Scientific Revolution and the scientists and thinkers involved. The site is divided into the following sections: Introduction; Overview and Background; Outlines, Timelines and Tools; Biography and the Scientific Revolution; Intermediate Resources; Research - Primary Texts; and Research - Early English Books Online. It is aimed at undergraduate students and teachers. The content available at the time of cataloguing included: an introductory essay discussing the concept of periodisation in relation to the Scientific Revolution; bibliographic essays by Robert Hatch and Richard Westfall; an account of basic concepts of various world and cosmological systems, from the Aristotelian cosmos to Newton; timelines; bibliographies of secondary and important primary material; and a guide to online resources, in particular Early English Books Online and Gallica. Hatch's "History of Science Study Guide", which covers developments in astronomy and related scientific disciplines from pre-scientific times to Newton, is a very useful overview. The site also makes available Richard Westfall's browsable prosopographical list of over 600 individuals involved in the scientific community. This is a valuable tool and will be of use to students and researchers. The study guide and account of cosmological concepts will also be of considerable interest to those involved in the history of science in the early modern period. The bibliographical material will be of use to all students of the subject. There is no indication of updates and the site seems to be archived.
This site, created by the State Library of New South Wales in Sydney Australia, provides access to papers of Sir Joseph Banks. Joseph Banks was an independent botanist who sailed with Cook on the Endeavour (1768-1761). This was to be his only journey to the area although he was heavily involved with pacific exploration, botany and early Australian colonial life. This site offers access to Sir Joseph Bank’s papers which are held in the Mitchell and Dixson collection at the State Library of New South Wales. Approximately 10,000 manuscript pages which include correspondence, reports, invoices and accounts, as well as a small number of maps, watercolours and charts are available from the site. The correspondence on the site includes letters from and concerning many notable figures in early pacific exploration such as James Cook, William Bligh and Lachlan Macquarie. The online collection is presented as facsimile copies and have been extensively indexed. The site has been divided into sections which make it straightforward to browse. It is possible to search the site by author, date, subject, notes and transcript.
This online exhibition published by the Natural History Museum is an interactive exploration of the voyage of the Endeavour in the eighteenth century. Using Flash, Quicktime, or the Cosmo VRML viewer, the exhibition uses a range of multimedia to help users engage with the material, and the history of the Endeavour expedition. The exhibition features an introduction to Cook's voyage, noting the impact it had on astronomy, botany, geography, navigation and medicine, a plan of the ship, brief biographies of Captain Cook, Joseph Banks, Sydney Parkinson and Daniel Solander, and illustrations and specimens that were gathered from around the world during the voyage.
This website describes the special collections held at the University of Ulster’s Coleraine Library. The collections, which are searchable from the University’s main library catalogue (linked to from here) cover a range of subjects but with a particular focus on Irish history, literature and culture.