This Library of Congress exhibition revisits the landmark Supreme Court case Brown versus Board of Education for its fiftieth anniversary. The site looks at the history of segregation in the United States, the efforts to end it, and the changes that have occurred in the past fifty years. The online exhibition has been designed in tandem with a physical exhibition, and features over a hundred digitised primary sources. These include photographs, personal papers, official documentation and cartoons. The exhibition is split into three sections. The first considers the century leading up to the case, and looks at the important cases that prepared the ground for Brown versus Board, including Plessy versus Ferguson and the Pink Franklin case. The second section considers the 1954 Brown versus Board case and the public response to it, whilst the third looks at the impact of the case over the last fifty years. There is also a useful list of suggested further reading and a search engine on the site.
The website "Ireland 1798" is devoted to commemorating, exploring and describing the events surrounding the rebellion of 1798. The site includes original articles, chronologies, and biographies of some of the major figures of the time, although unfortunately it is marred by shoddy presentation and not all of the articles and extracts include proper references. Materials hosted on the site include: 'The Rise of the Defenders 1793-95' From The men of no property, Irish Radicals and Popular Politics in the Late Eighteenth Century, by Jim Smyth, 1992; The Battle of Kilcumney (Poem); The men of no popery - the origins of the Orange Order; 'The Rebellion in the North-East' from Eyewitness to 1798 by Terence Folley; 'The United Irishmen' from The Life and Times of Mary Ann McCracken by Mary O'Neill; Original Declaration of the United Irishmen.
Some of the most significant 19th century pamphlets have been photographed with the support of the JISC Digitisation Programme, and are made available online by JSTOR. The pamphlets are all held in UK university libraries and they have been selected to represent a variety of important political, social and economic issues (circa 1801-1914). The digitisation is ongoing and for the collections completed already you can search or browse these individually, view scanned page images or download the PDF of an entire pamphlet. Your institution must subscribe to JSTOR to give you access.
The 'Web of English History' is a project by teacher Marjorie Bloy. It is intended to be of use to A-Level and undergraduate students, and also to attract interested members of the general public. At present, the site spans the period between 1760 and 1850, and is split into two interlinked sections: The Peel Web, and the Age of George III. The Peel web covers the years of the pre-eminence of Sir Robert Peel and deals mostly with the political history of Britain and Ireland 1830-1850. The Age of George III focuses more on Britain's overseas relations, albeit with information on each of the ministries to serve under George III and the Prince Regent (later George IV). Each site provides a wealth of information and web links to further resources. The Web of English History is part of a history web ring, and is recommended by the BBC.
This website, Abraham Lincoln Online, presents free online access to a wealth of resources on Abraham Lincoln studies. The website's main intention is to outline the various activities - seminars, lectures, conferences, and so on - happening around the world (although mainly in the United States) which focus on Lincoln and his era. More than that, however, there is also an extensive list of books published on Lincoln, access to a number of Lincoln's speeches and writings, and information about places connected with the man. This website will prove to be of benefit to those beginning their work on Lincoln or the American Civil War, but may not be quite as suited to more advanced work.
The 'Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress' website provides online access to material held by the manuscripts department of the Library of Congress. This collection consists of approximately 20,000 records, which have been microfilmed and indexed. It is the microfilm collection which forms the source of the online collection. The microfilm is being digitally scanned and the resulting images are being made available online. Material in the archive dates from 1833-1916 although the great majority of the material dates from between 1850-1865. Annotated transcriptions are being made available to all the documents in Lincoln's autograph collection. The online exhibition consists of approximately 61,000 images and 10,000 transcriptions. The collection can be browsed or searched by keyword. The site also includes online exhibits relating to The Emancipation Proclamation, The Lincoln Assassination and a photograph gallery. Other features of the site include timelines, information about the collection and a selected bibliography.
The website "Act of Union Virtual Library" has been created by the Library and Information Services Council (Northern Ireland) with funding from the New Opportunities Fund. It provides an online library of primary source material relevant to the 1801 Act of Union between Ireland and Great Britain, and contains an impressive collection of pamphlets, parliamentary papers, newspaper articles and manuscripts relating to the Act. The content can be browsed according to source type, and can also be searched as a whole, or separately. All of the sources have been digitised from original documents and the facsimile images are of a high quality, and have been selected for their relevance to the Act and Anglo–Irish politics in the late eighteenth century. In particular the pamphlets are largely drawn from those published from 1797–1800, during the 'Pamphlet War', and the parliamentary papers cover the debates that took place in the Houses of Commons during Pitt's office. A fuzzy search is offered together with the browse and the search functions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Acta of Henry II and His Family, 1154-1204 dataset hosted by the Economic amnd Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is deposited with the HDS for archive purposes only, and is unavailable for download or order, although the Web page does include contact details for the project which compiled the data. From this Web page you may however download a PDF of the study documentation. The main aim of this project was to collect, edit and publish the Acts of Henry II and his family as a traditional scholarly edition.The data consists of complete transcriptions of the acts of Henry II and the acts of Richard I, Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine, Young King Henry (son of Henry II), John, Count of Mortain (later King John), and William, brother of Henry II. The acts are indexed in a database which contains the following information for each document: names of beneficiaries; place at which act is stated to have been given; archive or archives where surviving manuscripts are held; main printed editions; country where granted lands or privileges were; country in which act is stated to have been given; type of beneficiary (monastery, cathedral/bishop, individual, town, or miscellaneous); type of document (charter, writ, charter/writ, or miscellaneous); status of the earliest surviving version (original, ispeximus, cartulary copy, early modern or modern transcript, or printed text); period to which it has been dated (e.g. for Henry II, 1154-62, 1154-72/3, 1162-72/3, 1172/3-1189, or 1154-1189).
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Acta of the Plantagenets, 1154-1204" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The main aim of this project was to collect, edit and publish the Acts of Eleanor of Aquitaine (1154-1203), Richard, Count of Poitou (1172-1189), Richard I (1189-1199) and John, Count of Mortain and Lord of Ireland (1185-1199). The resource consists of tabulated indexes to the Acta containing details such as beneficiary, date and place of issue, and source.
'Action: the sevenpenny nightmare' is a website that contains the story of the rise and fall of one of the most notorious British comics of the 1970s, 'Action' (later Battle Action). The comic was the trigger in 1976 for a significant moral panic about children and violent media, a few years before the similar panic about 'video nasties' around 1980. The fan-made website contains several long essays on the media coverage, the comic itself, and examples from the comic. The website also contains "an overview of the 36 unadulterated issues" printed during the run of the original Action, and a guide to characters and to the magazine staff. This will be a useful website for historians investigating moral panics and politics in the UK of the late 1970s. The website is edited by Moose Harris, member of the well-known band New Model Army.
"Aetas" is the website of the historical review "Aetas" published quarterly by the Department of History from University of Szeged. The journal was established in 1985 and has become a respected publication in the field of historical writing in Hungary and among specialists of Hungarian studies abroad. The site publishes the front pages of the latest issues. Full contents are available only for issues from 2003 and older in the "archive" section. While the working language of this publication is Hungarian, the articles have English abstracts. The main goal of the editors is to offer a more flexible view on Hungarian history, more open to other social sciences. The site informs about the editorial team, subscriptions and contact details. Prospective authors are offered formatting requirements on the site. The full editorial team is presented with their affiliation and area of expertise.
The website "World in Conflict and Economies in Transition: The economics, politics, history, cultures, and societies of countries and regions in conflict and transition" is an ambition page of Dr Sam Vaknin - senior business correspondent of United Press International. The site contains journalism on the history, sociology, culture, politics and economics of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, including the Balkan States. The site also contains excerpts from Vaknin's widely acclaimed writings on what he calls 'malignant self-love': narcissism and the absusive relationships it produces. The site, then, is an interesting mix of politics and psychology written in an accessible, journalistic style. The author does not always mention the date of his additions to the site;for some materials he notes that were written in 2005 the latest. Information should be handled with criticism as reflecting the points of view of the author of the site.
This website provides access to information on the 'interdisciplinary research network which has been set up in order to examine the ways in which the East German past has been – and is being – reconstructed and represented since the demise of the German Democratic Republic (GDR)'. The project centres around a number of events taking place in 2009 and 2010 in order to remember the GDR, and to develop our understanding of how East German history, society, culture and politics fit into place in a unified Germany. This website provides information on the project, along with information on a number of workshops and conferences. Users should note that, as of June 2009, some of the website (for example, information on the conference) is still under construction.
This PDF document is a final report on a AHRC/BBC knowledge exchange project which uses the 1983-84 Miners’ Strike as a pilot to investigate the possibilities of the BBC’s extensive archives. The study used national and regional news bulletins to explore the BBC’s coverage of the strike, and was centred around the responses and memories of local communities, Miners, Policemen and others involved in the strike. The project collected these memories and responses to the archive material as a way of contextualising the output as well as for exploring the ways in which the BBC’s content should and might be used more widely in the future. The report includes many (edited) responses and comments of those involved, as well as a description of the study’s methods, findings and conclusions. This project would be of interest obviously to those studying this period of British history, but also as a test case of utilising new technologies to make media archives more widely available.
This website contains a collection of pictures of different parts of Russia, such as Moscow with Trinity-Sergius Monastery (with pictures taken inside the monastery and short annotations to them as well as a bibliography of further readings and external links on the subject); St. Petersburg; Karelia and the North-West of Russia; Central and Southern Russia; the Urals; and Siberia. The section on Siberia includes the book "The Real Siberia" (1902) - the online version of the travelogue of British journalist John Foster Fraser's adventurous 1901 journey from Moscow to Vladivostok, through Manchuria and into Mongolia, which consists of the equivalent of 280 hardcopy pages and over 80 photographs. In addition, the site contains a section entitled "Illustrated History of Russia and the Former Soviet Union". It includes among others works such as: "Illustrated history of the state and church in Russian America"; history of the Russian Navy; materials on the Civil war in Moscow in October 1993; materials on the 1996 presidential elections in Russia; and information about the prominent Russian politician G. Yavlinsky.
Anarchist archives has been created by Dana Ward of Pitzer College in California. Work on the site started in 1995 with the aim of providing an online history of anarchists and anarchist movements, as well as the online provision of the collected works of major anarchists. A large part of the site is dedicated to influential anarchists. This section includes biographical information, full-text of a large number of works, bibliographies, portraits and commentaries. The site also includes a section covering significant historical events, such as the Paris Commune, the Spanish Civil War and the Haymarket Massacre. The site is strong on primary sources: as well as providing full-text of the works of major anarchists, there are some full-text pamphlets originally published in the early twentieth century and some full-text journals from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. A lengthy and up-to-date bibliography is included. The bibliography is available either in an alphabetical list or divided into categories. These categories include works specifically relating to: particular anarchist theorists; anarchist movements and events; anarchist anthologies; other anarchist writers and works; other comprehensive bibliographies; and Yiddish comprehensive bibliographies. Additionally present is a list of links which have been divided into categories. The website has a clear structure and can be searched or browsed.
The ANC Historical Documents website is part of the African National Congress's site, and provides a wide range of documents relating to the South African political party's history. The site is easily navigated, as all of the documents, which were either produced by the ANC, concern the ANC, or cover the party's and its allies fight for the end of apartheid, can be browsed. The documents are divided into three main categories, the ANC, the World Against Apartheid, and Biographies. The first section features articles about the early history of the ANC, with documents from 1912-1960, speeches and writings of Presidents, including Chief Albert Lutuli, Oliver Tambo, Nelson Mandela and Thabo Mbeki, material on major campaigns and struggles of the party, and sources on the Rivonia and Treason trials of the 1950s and 1960s. The second section documents worldwide support for the ANC, and anti-Apartheid campaigns. Included are speeches and writings of international leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr., Mahatma Gandhi, Sean MacBride, Julius Nyerere and Jawaharlal Nehru, and material relating to international boycotts and embargoes. The final section provides biographies of ANC leaders and militants, and there is a small collection of photographs too.
This website, part of the Nation Archives Documents Online service provides free access to over 17,000 digital images of ancient petitions in the National Archives. These petitions date from the reign of Henry III (1216-1272) to James I (1603-25), with concentrations in the reigns of Edward I (1272-1307), Edward II (1307-1327) and Edward III (1327-1377). Petitions represent appeals for the righting of wrongs and for favours from the king, but additionally reveal social, political and linguistic information. This website allows this extensive collection to be searched by name, place, occupation, date and keywords, images may be downloaded by adding them to the ‘shopping cart’ – there is no charge for ancient petitions. The resource was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council under the Resource Enhancement Scheme.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Annual Time Series Statistics for the United States, 1929-1968' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS, and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS. Further information is supplied giving instructions. A forty-year time series of social, economic and political indicators. 280 variables cover the entire forty-year period, while 127 variables cover only the period from 1947 to 1968. The variables include data on expenditures from the federal budget by various departments, agencies, and commissions, measures of the political characteristics of the US Congress, business and consumer expenditures, and attributes of the population, (approximately 1,000 card-image equivalents) .
This webpage describes the University of Teesside’s archives and special collections. These comprise three main collections: the European Green Archive, covering the activities of the Green Party from 1972 to the present, and including policy documents, conference proceedings, press, minutes, manifestos and campaigns; the HMS Trincomalee Trust Archive of material relating to the reconstructed 1817 Royal Navy Frigate, including accounts, minutes, technical schematics, prints, drawings and original artefacts from the ship; and the Wally K Daly Archive of Daly’s short stories, radio plays, contributions to TV series such as Juliet Bravo, Casualty and Byker Grove, photographs and ephemera. The webpage includes information on accessing this material.
This web page presents the table of contents, full editorial remarks, reviews and journal abstracts from the periodical, 'Archives Juives : revue d'histoire des Juifs de France' ('Jewish Archives: Review of the History of Jews of France'). Some articles are fully posted. The journal covers research conducted in the fields of French Jewish social and cultural history, concentrating mainly on the 19th and 20th centuries. All articles are in French, with occasional English abstracts. Tables of contents posted here run back to Volume 34 in 2001. New, themed volumes of the journal are published twice a year, on topics ranging from identity after emancipation, to the Alliance Israélite Universelle, to the Jewish press between the two world wars, to Russian Jews in Paris. This page is a subsite of Cairn; a French site which posts some 150 journals online on a pay-per-view basis for articles. Full, free, access to tables of contents and introductory editorial remarks, as well as some article abstracts is generally provided. To get complete access to articles, users must register and pay on the site.
The website "Archivi della DC" is an outstanding resource relating to the history of the Italian Christian Democratic Party, the largest political grouping within the Italian Parliament in the years from 1948 to the end of 1993. Produced by the Istituto Luigi Sturzo, the site offers access to an excellent array of primary sources in the form of reproductions of original documents, inventories of the party's archival fonds, photographs and propaganda posters, newsreels and other audiovisual material. A chronology outlines the history of the party from its establishment by Alcide De Gasperi in 1942 to eventual demise in 1994. Textual and audiovisual documents accessible through the site derive from the historical archives of the party. Amongst resources available are: reproductions of the official statutes, digital facsimiles of the clandestine journal "Il Popolo", and propaganda reels. A "Biblioteca" section provides access to the catalogue of the Istituto Luigi Sturzo's Library. Selected periodicals have been digitised and full-text versions can be accessed online. Titles available number journals now rare or in a bad state of preservation. Additionally, a catalogue of grey literature produced by different bodies within the party's organisation can be browsed. The "Progetti di ricerca" section presents dedicated pages covering specific topics, but appears still largely under construction. This part of the website appears to be under construction. Produced to mark the sixtieth anniversary of the granting of women's suffrage in 1946, it includes several video interviews and documents, including short biographies, related to some of the leading figures of the women's movement within the Christian Democratic Party. The site would be of great value for historians and researchers with an interest on Italian history and politics.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Krakowie (State archive in Cracow)" is in Polish and English and provides information on the archive's opening hours, locations, and collections. The archive is divided into separate sections, located in various departments and the earliest documentation comes from the thirteenth century.The archive holds much of the early state documentation for Poland, from the period when Cracow was the Polish capital. There are details of the archive's conservation, educational, publishing, and training activities. Of use to researchers are the forms which can be downloaded for requests to the archives for reproduction and borrowing services. The online exhibitions on the archive's holdings, stamps, iconography, cartography and temporary exhibitions enrich this site. The holdings of all branches of the Krakow state archive can be search throught the SEZAM database, however the keywords and strings are available only in Polish.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Przemyślu (State archive in Przemyśl)" provides information about this branch of the Polish State Archive. The site has good versions in English, German and Ukrainian. There are the usual details on accessibility, collections, opening hours and reprographic services. The collection contains holdings dating from 1291. One of the most interesting and extensive collections is that of documentation from the Greek-Catholic Bishopric between the end of the thirteenth century and 1946. There are also rich collections on eminent aristocratic Polish families such as the Czartoryskis, Lubomirskis, Potockis, and Tarnowskis. There are also records of the Jewish community. Comprehensive listings are available online of the ecclesiastical, municipal, judicial, and legal records throught the SEZAM, ELA and PRADZIAD centralised databases. The site also features the tables of contents of the "Historical-Archival Yearly". This is an informative site for those carrying out research on Przemyśl and its environs.
The Web Site "Archiwum Państwowe w Radomiu (State Archive in Radom)" is in Polish and English. The archive has been functioning since the early modern period, and found itself in the hands of the Austrians during the partitions. This is elaborated on in the brief history of the archive featured on the site. The archives are stronger in nineteenth and twentieth century holdings, but do have some municipal records from the early modern period. Of interest to genealogists and historians, are the registry records of Roman Catholic, Jewish, Orthodox, and Protestant communities. For those interested in the post-war history of Poland, the Radom archives are extremely rich in holdings on the PZPR. The link to SEZAM is useful for searching the records, as well as the publications list. The Polish variant of the site has a guest book.
The website of ARK Northern Ireland is a social and political archival project run by the University of Ulster and Queen's University, Belfast. The site consists of a number of menus that lead users to a vast array of documents and resources about Northern Ireland. For example, there are specialist sections, such as: elections; surveys; conflict and politics; research. Within these categories a large number of sub-sections can be found. The site also contains: information about conferences and other events concerning Northern Irish history or politics; information about publications; and details of services offered by the project. Publications, most of them available for download in PDF format, include: research updates; occasional papers; presentations of books; brochures; and factsheets. A quick search on the main page allows fast navigation to main themes of interest, ranging from culture and religion to community and environment issues, crimes and violence, or education. Further, the main projects of the ARK are featured individually on the main page: surveys; databases; archives; or political data. They all appear under acronyms, which include: the Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey - which consists of three separate attitude surveys: Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey (adults aged 18 or over), Young Life and Times Survey (16 year olds), and Kids Life and Times (Primary 7 children); CAIN - the conflict archive which provides free access to a wealth of full-text articles and reports associated with the Northern Ireland troubles and peace process from 1969 onwards; and Orb online which provides access to a searchable database of abstracts from recent government and academic social policy research relating to the social, economic and politics life of Northern Ireland. The site is simple to use and up to date, a reliable gateway for approaching Northern Ireland history, culture and current affairs.
Arkhivy Rossii is an invaluable online guide to the location and content of all Russian archives, created by the Federal Archival Service of Russia. The site provides detailed information on: federal and regional archives; archives held in museums and libraries; searchable archive guides and indexes; thematic databases (some online); legislation and rules relating to Russian archives; declassification (with an annual bulletin of declassified documents); significant publications in the field, including the journals "Otechestvennye arkhivy", "Vestnik arkhivista", "Istoricheskii arkhiv" and "Informatsionnyi biulleten' Rosarkhiva", with many texts available online; archival projects; plus pages on current discussions, events and methodological approaches. It also links to the excellent Pobeda 1941- 1945 site, catalogued separately. A search function allows the user to do a keyword search of all or part of the site, or of over 70 Russian archive sites. This is an essential resource for historians and for anyone planning historical research in the fields of Russian politics and culture.
Arthurian Sources and Texts is an online collection of excerpts from primary source documents which make significant reference to King Arthur. These range from the fifth century, when Arthur may have lived, to the sixteenth century. The extent to which these sources are historically reliable as a chronicle of Arthur's existence as portrayed in the mythical terms in which he is now recognised is unclear. The site benefits from its secondary source historical contextualisation of its excerpts. All sources are footnoted. As a collection, the site would serve as a good starting point for teachers and students to explore the clearer parts of the historical chronology and its transition over time into myth, as well as the meaning of that transition. The site is run off a commercial server which prompts pop-up advertisements with each click to a new screen, which hamper navigation.
The website "AS-A2 History Programme" is a study resource produced by King David High School. The web page lists four study units: Unit 1 - Russia in Revolution, 1881-1924, From Autocracy to Dictatorship and Stalin's Russia, 1924-1953; Unit 2 - Henry VIII, Authority, Nation and Religion,1509-1540; Unit 3 - Coursework/Individual Assessment: The Arab-Israeli Conflict and the Middle East; Unit 4 - From Kaiser to Fuhrer - Germany 1890-1945. Of these, only Units 1 and 2 have posted content. Materials include course notes, reading lists, website based articles, timelines, and sample questions. There is an excellent selection of auxiliary articles; podcasts with lectures by leading historians in the various fields; video files; interviews and external websites, which enable the student to develop their critical skills.
The website "At Cold War's End: US Intelligence on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, 1989-1991" is a fascinating series of 24 recently declassified and released National Intelligence Estimates and CIA papers on the USSR that were written between 1989 and 1991. The Center for the Study of Intelligence of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) compiled this for a conference in 1999 at the George Bush Center for Presidential Studies at Texas A&M University. These documents (all in PDF format) detail the events from 1989-1991, incorporating a 1999 study of the unusual period which saw the end of the Cold War, Mikhail Gorbachev and Perestroika, the end of empire in central and eastern Europe, and the national secession and ethnic conflict in the USSR and the republics of the former USSR, as well as withdrawal from Afghanistan. Military history issues are detailed such as Soviet Tactical Nuclear Forces during this period, as well as the balance of conventional forces in Europe and the changing Warsaw Pact. These are important sources for scholars seeking to address such controversial matters as the intelligence agencies' performance in forecasting the collapse of the Soviet Union. However, some experts have urged the US government to declassify and release the tightly controlled President's Daily Brief, the CIA's daily analytical report, as a document that needs to be made available to scholars trying to gain an accurate, comprehensive understanding, and see the conference participation and this resulting online publication as little more than a nod towards openness to the scholarly community or the public by the CIA.
The Austrian History Yearbook was founded in 1965. It is the main established English-language journal devoted to the history of the former Habsburg territories of East Central Europe - now Austria; the Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia-Herzegovina; along with parts of Italy; Poland; Ukraine; Romania; and Serbia. The site notes that the fall of the Soviet Union and subsequent attempts to stabilise the former Eastern bloc has encouraged a renewed interest in the region's Habsburg history. The journal publishes annually and features peer reviewed articles; forums on important historical issues; and reviews. There are instructions on submission, subscription, and ordering back issues from the publishers. Tables of contents are listed going back to the first volume. The journal is sponsored by the Center for Austrian Studies at the University of Minnesota and the Society for Austrian and Habsburg History. The latter is an affiliate society of the American Historical Association, its Conference Group on Central European History, and the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies.
This website provides access to a collection of full-text primary source documents relating to the history of black emancipation and civil rights movements in the USA in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It includes speeches and writings from key figures such as Martin Luther King, Booker T. Washington, Sojourner Truth and W.E.B. Du Bois. These include a transcript of Martin Luther King's famous 'I have a Dream' speech (1963). Other topics covered include: slavery, the movement towards emancipation and the civil rights movement of the 1960s. The site is fully searchable by subject keyword. It forms part of Project Avalon which is hosted by Yale Law School.
This site provides access to a collection of full-text bilateral treaties made between Chile and the USA from 1832-1900. They include materials of importance to diplomatic historians such as the 1832 Treaty of Peace, Amity, Commerce and Navigation and the 1900 Extradition Convention. The site may be searched by subject keyword or browsed. It forms part of the Project Avalon document archive maintained by Yale Law School.
This site provides access to a collection of historical documents relating to bilateral relations between Chile and USA which have been archived by Project Avalon at Yale University. They include the 1832 Treaty of Peace, Amity, Commerce and Navigation and the 1900 Extradition Convention. The site may be searched by subject keyword or browsed.
The Avalon Project aims to provide access to documents relating to law, history, economics, politics, diplomacy and government over the World Wide Web. The Avalon Project website has a clear structure to it making it straightforward to search. It is possible to search by keyword or to search the site by category. The categories available for browsing include: by date (Pre-18th century, 18th century, 19th century, 20th century), authors, major document collections, subject, titles, bibliography of sources and common names of diplomatic documents. The source of each document is clearly stated. The project aims to include links internally within the documents, and also to other sources, in order to aid navigation and facilitate study. A huge range of documents are available from this site and they are easy to locate making it a valuable resource for primary sources. An example of the documents include 'Cape Spartel Lighthouse: May 31, 1865 (Convention Between the United States, Austria, Belgium, Spain, France, Great Britain, Italy, The Netherlands, Portugal, and Sweden on the One Part, and The Sultan of Morocco on the Other Part, Concerning the Administration and Upholding of the Light-House at Cape Spartel)'. This is the full text of a convention between the Sultanate of Morocco and ten other governments with maritime interests. The convention is an agreement to provide the facilities to assure the safety of navigation along the coasts of Morocco through the maintenance of the lighthouse at Cape Spartel. Although the lighthouse was built by the Sultan of Morocco, the maintenance and administration of the lighthouse is being passed to the other signatories on the basis that Morocco had no merchant or naval marine. The convention was to last for ten years initially, then be maintained on a yearly basis until one of the signatories, by declaration, bring it to a close. The document was signed at Tangier on 31st May 1865.
This site, simply titled Bavaria, is a subsite of the digital collections page at the Bavarian State Library in Germany. The site is a simple and straightforward but valuable resource which posts five different collections of primary sources online. The collections are: Zeitschrift für Bayerische Landesgeschichte (ZBLG) (Journal for Bavarian History) from the years 1928 to 1999; Bayerisches Gesetz- und Verordnungsblatt (Bavarian Paper on Laws and Statues, covering 1945 to 1949; Bayerischer Landtag (Bavarian Parliament); Historischer Atlas von Bayern, Vergriffene Bände (Historical Atlas of Bavaria, out of print volumes), with a focus on Old Bavaria and Swabia; and Geschichte des Lechrains (History of Lechrain). The Landtag pages post scanned images of nineteenth century editions of Bavarian parliamentary and constitutional papers from different periods (1429-1669; 1919-1933; 1946; and academic conference proceedings on this topic from 1995). The page on History of Lechrain is a scanned version of an entire book on the subject by Georg von Lori, published around 1765. Information on this site should be of greatest interest to academics working in German History and German Studies. Navigation is aided by a number of menus and search functions.
Joanne de Pennington's essay on poverty during the Victorian era has been reproduced as part of a BBC History website entitled "Beneath the surface: a country of two nations". It provides a basic introduction to a much-discussed topic in nineteenth century history. The essay begins aptly enough with a quote from Disraeli, likening the chasm between rich and poor to inhabitants of different planets. Subjects discussed here include: the labouring poor; differences between urban and rural poverty; official attitudes to poverty relief; the lowest standard of living; the infamous workhouses; poverty in Scotland; and charity and methods of self-help. Succinct conclusions are drawn and there is a brief bibliography as well as suggestions of places to visit. Links to the rich network of BBC sites enhance what would otherwise be a stand-alone essay. It would be useful as a hand-out for teachers wanting to introduce the subject as part of a GCSE course.
This is a BBC History website about the American War of Independence (1775-1783) to accompany Richard Holmes's Rebels and Redcoats series, broadcast on BBC Two in 2003. The series attempted to dispel some of the prevailing myths about the war, and Professor Holmes's main article on the subject is presented here, along with links to other articles discussing the whys and wherefores of revolution in general, such as: Francis Cogliano's Was the American Revolution Inevitable?; Kenneth Morgan's Trade and the British Empire: A Symbiotic Relationship; Professor Andrew Potter's Britain's Empire in 1815; and Professor John Belchem's Thomas Paine: Citizen of the World. There are also links to other BBCi History resources, including interactive military history activities, timelines, and short biographies of William Pitt and King George III.
This is the main page of the BBC History website's section on life in Britain since the end of World War Two. The site offers an overview of the country between 1945 and the present day, plus a range of articles on topics such as the rebuilding of Britain after the war (including discussion of why Churchill lost the 1945 election, and of the 1948 Olympic games); social change (in particular, attitudes towards women and race); and the experiences of post-war immigrants from the West Indies. Links to other relevant Web resources are provided - a short list is given at the bottom of the main page, with longer selections alongside individual articles. This resource is perhaps best suited to those wanting a general overview of the subject (new undergraduates, for example, or those teaching introductory courses), although some sections do contain articles by eminent scholars. The site is attractively presented and easy to use.
This is the main page of the BBC History website's section on the Victorians. The site offers an overview of the period 1837 to 1901, plus a range of articles on topics such as: Queen Victoria and her Prime Ministers; politics and events; the industrial revolution; daily life; and welfare and health. These are supplemented by image galleries, animations, and interactive learning activities. Links to other relevant Web resources are also provided: a short list is given at the bottom of the main page, with longer selections alongside individual articles within the section. This resource is perhaps best suited to those wanting a general overview of the subject (new undergraduates, for example, or those teaching introductory courses), although some sections do contain articles by eminent scholars. The site is attractively presented and easy to use.
The website "This Sceptred Isle" complements the BBC Radio 4 programme of the same name that bills itself as "the easiest way to learn the history of Britain". This excellent and user-friendly website treats British History from the Roman invasion to the present day. It features snippets that lead on to more comprehensive articles, a quiz, a search facility, and links to other BBC Websites of interest to those with a penchant for History. The site is of most use to equip to the user with a basic knowledge of British History, and there are useful time lines. There are also links to other useful sites, and helpful, random pieces of information at the side of the main text. The material is generally presented in chronological order with a separate section on dynasties.
This is the official public website for the British Broadcasting Corporation archives. It offers small... "themed collections of radio and TV programmes, documents and photographs" from the BBC archives. Launched in 2009, this free website currently offers 21 collections, including: The outbreak of the Second World War; George Orwell at the BBC; Looking back to the Apollo lunar missions; Margaret Thatcher's journey from Finchley to Downing Street; and Personal accounts of the Holocaust, among others. Collections usually have around 30 items in each. Broadcasts are presenting using Flash video, and each is accompanied by a short written synopsis. Also available on the website are video interviews with the BBC archivists, including heads of the BBC Written Archives, Sound Archives, Photographic Library, and Television Archive. Videos are only available to view if one has an IP address located within the British Isles, apparently due to copyright issues. Overseas users should use a simple proxy to access the website, as they do to access the BBC iPlayer.
"Queen Victoria and her Prime Ministers" is a BBC website examining Queen Victoria's reign, which spanned eight decades, looking at her relationships with her Prime Ministers. Some she had genuine affection for, while others she despised. Lord Melbourne, her favourite, acted as a father, nurturing her into her role as Queen of Britain. His successor, Sir Robert Peel, became an acquired taste of the young queen after her marriage to Albert. Victoria disliked both Lord Palmerston and John Russell, while she found Benjamin Disraeli enchanting because of his Jewish appearance and mannerisms. William Gladstone, perhaps one of the greatest statesmen of the nineteenth century never really earned Victoria's respect, and she thought him something of a madman. This essay discusses all of these men and their often turbulent relationships with their queen. The right-hand column contains links to related resources on BBC or external sites, such as: articles; timelines; interactive resources; and historic figures.
The web page "What If the Gunpowder Plot Had Succedeed?" on the Gunpowder Plot of 1605 is part of the BBC History website. The main article by Professor Ronald Hutton raises a counterfactual question about what might have happened in England if Robert Catesby's plot had been successful, suggesting the effects it could have had on the monarchy, government, English society and relations with Europe. In addition to this there are a number of supporting resources, including two essays that look at the events of the Gunpowder Plot. The first considers the context in which the plot developed, namely the treatment of Catholics in Tudor England, and the effect it the failed plot had on the lives of the Catholic minority on the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The second article concentrates on the plot itself and its main participants, Robert Catesby, Guy Fawkes, Thomas Wintour and Thomas Percy, and their subsequent arrests and prosecution for high treason. Also available is a good interactive game, a timeline of events, and a biography of James VI and I.
This website provides access to an index of the BBC Radio 4 'Analysis' series for the period 1970-1990. It is part of the AHDS (Arts and Humanities Data Service) Performing Arts' collection of film, television, and radio resources. First broadcast on 10th April 1970, Analysis is a documentary programme covering British political, social, and economic affairs. The archive is an important source of information on current events and political and social policy during the period. Contributors include prime ministers and leading political party members. Topics discussed include: Labour and Conservative Party policy; the welfare state; the National Health Service; the economy; foreign policy; the entry of Britain into the Common Market; and British relations with the European Union. The database can be searched or browsed by programme title, date, or keywords, or by the people involved. Each entry has annotations on content, including summaries from the original entry in the Radio Times and the BBC Written Archive. Some records have added reviews of the programmes. The full transcripts are held by Bournemouth University. A link is provided to the current BBC website where transcripts of more recent Analysis programmes may be viewed. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Small Research Grants scheme.
"The Berlin Wall" from the Newsmuseum is a small, interactive, online exhibition, offering an exploration of the differences in media freedom in East and West Berlin during the Communist era. The Newseum, is an interactive museum of news, formerly located as part of the Freedom Forum in Arlington, US. (The city was divided into four occupation zones in 1945, the East and West governed separately from 1949. The East German government commenced construction of the 27-mile long wall that divided the city of Berlin, its population, and services like the media). "The Berlin Wall" exhibition is noticeably biased towards a traditional US view of the fall of Communism, and specifically the 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall. Gene Mater, a veteran American newsman has written an essay on the topic. (Mater helped to establish a free press in Germany after World War II. In the late 1940s and 1950s he worked for several newspapers and became news director of Radio Free Europe in Munich in 1959).With interpretation from a teacher, this online exhibition will contribute towards an in-depth analysis of the history of the Berlin Wall for GCSE and Advanced Level students, in particular for the study of journalism and media in history.
This site, created by Heiko Burkhardt, provides a basic history of the Berlin Wall. The site has a time-line and a history of the Berlin Wall from its erection to the tenth anniversary of its fall. The site also includes photographs, information about art work on the Wall (past and present) and a selection of memories of the Wall. Other features of the site include: a list of FAQs; a list of links to other websites; maps; and facts about the wall. The site also has information on the current state of the Wall. It is possible to search the site and the majority of the material is available in English.
The virtual library Saavedra Fajardo is a project by the University of Murcia (Spain) in collaboration with international groups of researchers, and financed by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science. The library main focus is Hispanic intellectual history, and in particular political works and thinkers who write in Spanish. The vast amount of resources include: electronic versions of books; a bio-bibliographic catalogue; lists of contents of journals dedicated to political theory and intellectual history; and more. The core of the site is the electronic library, containing a high number of works from all periods of Spanish history: Visigothic domination; Medieval kingdoms; Hispanic Monarchy; Liberal period; Restoration; Second Republic; and Francoism. Works can be browsed by author; title; or period. Extremely useful for researchers is the possibility of viewing the full-scanned version of a particular book, or alternatively an extensive bibliographic record including a list of contents. The 'Centro de Documentación' is a bio-bibliographic database in which users may access information about Spanish thinkers from all periods, as well as bibliographies of secondary literature. In addition to a section of useful links, there is an active forum in which collaboration takes place in the form of short articles. All in all, this is a very impressive resource for historians of Spanish philosophy and/or political thought.
This is the African National Congress (ANC) Web page for Nelson Mandela (1918- ), former President of South Africa. The page gives a brief profile, biographical details and also has links to the ANC's Freedom Charter, adopted by the Congress of the People in 1955, and to Mandela's famous address in his defense during the Rivonia Trial of 1964. Imprisoned since 1962 for leaving the country illegally and for inciting protests against the apartheid government, Mandela's sentence was extended to life imprisonment after the Rivonia Trial. He was released from imprisonment on Robben Island in 1990, and became the first democratically elected President of South Africa in 1994. Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. The site has a link to the Mandela page, which gives access to further resources, including the text of selected speeches, and extracts from Mandela's autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom (1994).
'Black Ships & Samurai: Commodore Perry and the Opening of Japan (1853-1854)' is an online exhibition, published by MIT in 2004, part of the Institute's 'Visualising Cultures' initiative. The exhibition focuses on the visual representations of "a pivotal moment in the modern encounter between 'East' and 'West'", and on the people involved. The core exhibit is an extensive and profusely illustrated essay by John W. Dower (also available as a printable PDF file), which has the same title as the website. Also available is a large online gallery "Facing East: the great encounter through American eyes". A Quicktime movie shows the 30-foot long "Black Ship Scroll" (1854), and a further gallery of Quicktime movies focuses on details within this scroll. There is a full database of images, searchable by keyword, title and medium.
This website provides free access to a wealth of official 18th Century British Parliamentary publications including parliamentary proceedings, reports, acts, bills and registers. These publications from the House of Commons (and the House of Lords 1688-1834) have been compiled from the collections of the University of Southampton, University of Cambridge and the British Library, and some digitisation has been funded by the JISC Digitisation Programme. These are drawn together in one index which complements materials from House of Commons Parliamentary papers 1801-1900 service; the EPPI (Enhanced British Parliamentary Papers on Ireland 1822-1901) service; BOPCRIS (a finding aid to British official publications 1688-1995); and Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO). Access is restricted to members of UK FE and HE institutions who should login using their Athens or Shibboleth usernames.
Britain 1906-1918: Contrast Contradiction and Change is an online exhibition available on the The National Archives Learning Curve website. The Learning Curve is an online teaching resource, designed with the current history curriculum, from Key Stage 2 to 5, specifically in mind. This exhibition looks at life in Britain during the Edwardian period, concentrating on three main areas, Welfare Reforms, Women, Society and the Vote, and War and Chance in Britain. Each section looks at important topics within the subject, providing a range of resources to aid understanding of the key themes. The resources include digitised primary source material, which is accompanied by questions to help users assess it properly, a glossary of terms, a timeline, and a background section that helps to place events and actions in a wider historical context. In addition to this there is a Review and Revision section, devised to help users consolidate their learning and revise key points.
The website of the British Cartoon Archive was re-launched in 2008. It was formerly online as the CartoonHub - a project which completed in 2002, and which received funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP) and the Arts and Humanities Research Board (now the AHRC). The Archive is based at the University of Kent at Canterbury and has an extensive collection of original artwork (British cartoons of social and political comment), plus a reference library of books, pamphlets and AV materials. You may search the online database for images and details of thousands of British cartoon drawings published in the national press from 1904 to the present, from about 250 cartoonists. Most of the cartoonists, including Steve Ball, Carl Giles, Low, Reg Smythe (Andy Capp), have biographical notes, which can be browsed by name. Cartoons can be searched by any text in the catalogue record, and the search can be restricted by date. The images which are made available online for free, and there are notes regarding copyright. In the future registered users will be able to enhance the archive by, for example, creating their own 'group' of cartoons (like light-box functionality or lists of favourites) which can be used as a teaching aid, or a theme, or a research project, an online exhibition, or just shared with others. Also the website will provide access to the recently digitised Carl Giles Collection - work funded by the JISC Digitisation Programme.
This well designed and easily navigated site serves as a good introduction to seventeenth century Britain at the time of the English Civil War. As the title suggests the site examines the English Civil War across the entire United Kingdom, with information on Ireland and Scotland, as well as England and Wales. It also looks at events during the Commonwealth and Protectorate, until the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660. The site features a number of useful reference resources, with in depth timelines, 160 biographies, and the history of the military battles and campaigns. Also available on the site are a selection of links and a further reading list.
The website "British History : Trade Union Movement" is another excellent and comprehensive resource from the Spartacus collection, aimed at A and AS Level History students. Part of the wider resource "Encyclopedia of British History", it focuses on the period of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries when the idea of Trades Unions came into being and these organisations began to wield influence. The section is easy to navigate, and arranged in a tabular form with links to short narratives and accounts pertaining to the following categories: trade unionists; trade unions; trade union and political legislation; important events and issues; and labour journals and newspapers. This resource can be used by students for revision, as supplementary course materials, or as a reference source, as well as by teachers.
The website 'British History in-depth' is the main page of the BBC History site that relates to British history. The site is divided into sections focusing on the following time periods and themes: the Normans; the middle ages; the Tudors; Civil War and revolution; Empire and sea power; Abolition of the Slave Trade; the Victorians; life on the home front during the First and Second World War and modern Britain. Each section contains a range of articles, supplemented by image galleries and interactive learning activities. Links to other relevant Web resources are also provided, both within the BBC website and elsewhere, including timelines and message boards. Although the site is best suited to those wanting a general overview of the subjects covered (perhaps new undergraduates, or those teaching introductory courses), some sections contain articles by eminent scholars which may be of interest to more advanced students. The site is attractively presented and easy to use.
The website 'British History in-depth: Normans' is the main page of the BBC History website's section on the Normans, offering a useful and attractively illustrated introduction to this crucial period of British history. Starting with an overview of the period 1066 to 1154, there are also articles on the background to and consequences of the Norman conquest; 1066 and the Battle of Hastings; the Domesday book; Norman art and architecture, including castles, cathedrals and the Bayeux Tapestry. These are supplemented by image galleries and interactive learning activities. This resource is perhaps best suited to those wanting a general overview of the subject (new undergraduates or those teaching introductory courses), although some sections do contain articles by eminent scholars which can be printed off for ease of use. The site is attractively presented and simply laid out. Links to other relevant Web resources are also provided: a short list is given at the bottom of the main page, with longer selections alongside individual articles within the section. There is also a timeline and message boards.
The website "British History Online" is a digital library of British historical sources for historians of Britain located worldwide seeking access and a cross-search of an interconnected range of historical sources. The site aims to cover historical resources concerning Britain from the 12th century onwards. This ambitious site has been built by the Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust, and it claims to provide a particular range and a unique configuration of historical sources whose availability and format will help to devise and develop new research strategies and methodologies. One is able to browse the online resources by: place; subject; source; period; person; tax; and business. A search generates sources from historical books and journals; national archives; House of Commons records; calendars of state papers; maps; and commercial directories. Each source is given a comprehensive bibliographic reference. One has to register to access more advanced features on the site, including the annotation tool, enabling registered users to correct the online resources. The site aims to add further resources to provide more comprehensive coverage.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "British Institute of Public Opinion (Gallup) Polls, 1938-1946" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This dataset comprises data from the 58 surviving BIPO polls conducted between 1938 and 1946. Questions cover domestic, foreign and military affairs, including: appeasement; the progress and prosecution of the war; whether to sue for peace with Germany, Italy and Japan; satisfaction with the government's conduct of the war; attitudes towards Churchill and other leading politicians, including Halifax, Eden, Atlee, Bevin, Morrison; the persecution of the Jews; the opening of a second front; attitudes to the USSR and the USA as allies; the dropping of the atomic bomb; morale, optimism and pessimism; rationing and other war-time controls; air-raids and bomb damage; and the Beveridge Report, equal pay, post-war reconstruction.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'British Institute of Public Opinion Polls, 1938' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). Questions [from the whole series 1938-1946] cover domestic, foreign and military affairs, including: appeasement; attitudes towards Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill and other leading politicians (such as Halifax, Eden, Atlee, Bevin, Morrison); the persecution of the Jews; and topics relating to the Second World War (like: the progress and prosecution of the war; whether to sue for peace with Germany, Italy and Japan; satisfaction with the government's conduct of the war; the opening of a 'second front'; attitudes to the USSR and the USA as allies; the dropping of the atomic bomb; morale, optimism and pessimism; rationing and other war-time controls; air-raids and bomb damage;) the Beveridge Report, equal pay, post-war reconstruction. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'British Institute of Public Opinion Polls, 1939' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). Questions [from the whole series 1938-1946] cover domestic, foreign and military affairs, including: appeasement; attitudes towards Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill and other leading politicians (such as Halifax, Eden, Atlee, Bevin, Morrison); the persecution of the Jews; and topics relating to the Second World War (like: the progress and prosecution of the war; whether to sue for peace with Germany, Italy and Japan; satisfaction with the government's conduct of the war; the opening of a 'second front'; attitudes to the USSR and the USA as allies; the dropping of the atomic bomb; morale, optimism and pessimism; rationing and other war-time controls; air-raids and bomb damage;) the Beveridge Report, equal pay, post-war reconstruction. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'British Institute of Public Opinion Polls, 1940' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). Questions [from the whole series 1938-1946] cover domestic, foreign and military affairs, including: appeasement; attitudes towards Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill and other leading politicians (such as Halifax, Eden, Atlee, Bevin, Morrison); the persecution of the Jews; and topics relating to the Second World War (like: the progress and prosecution of the war; whether to sue for peace with Germany, Italy and Japan; satisfaction with the government's conduct of the war; the opening of a 'second front'; attitudes to the USSR and the USA as allies; the dropping of the atomic bomb; morale, optimism and pessimism; rationing and other war-time controls; air-raids and bomb damage;) the Beveridge Report, equal pay, post-war reconstruction. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'British Institute of Public Opinion Polls, 1941' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). Questions [from the whole series 1938-1946] cover domestic, foreign and military affairs, including: appeasement; attitudes towards Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill and other leading politicians (such as Halifax, Eden, Atlee, Bevin, Morrison); the persecution of the Jews; and topics relating to the Second World War (like: the progress and prosecution of the war; whether to sue for peace with Germany, Italy and Japan; satisfaction with the government's conduct of the war; the opening of a 'second front'; attitudes to the USSR and the USA as allies; the dropping of the atomic bomb; morale, optimism and pessimism; rationing and other war-time controls; air-raids and bomb damage;) the Beveridge Report, equal pay, post-war reconstruction. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'British Institute of Public Opinion Polls, 1942' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). Questions [from the whole series 1938-1946] cover domestic, foreign and military affairs, including: appeasement; attitudes towards Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill and other leading politicians (such as Halifax, Eden, Atlee, Bevin, Morrison); the persecution of the Jews; and topics relating to the Second World War (like: the progress and prosecution of the war; whether to sue for peace with Germany, Italy and Japan; satisfaction with the government's conduct of the war; the opening of a 'second front'; attitudes to the USSR and the USA as allies; the dropping of the atomic bomb; morale, optimism and pessimism; rationing and other war-time controls; air-raids and bomb damage;) the Beveridge Report, equal pay, post-war reconstruction. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'British Institute of Public Opinion Polls, 1943' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). Questions [from the whole series 1938-1946] cover domestic, foreign and military affairs, including: appeasement; attitudes towards Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill and other leading politicians (such as Halifax, Eden, Atlee, Bevin, Morrison); the persecution of the Jews; and topics relating to the Second World War (like: the progress and prosecution of the war; whether to sue for peace with Germany, Italy and Japan; satisfaction with the government's conduct of the war; the opening of a 'second front'; attitudes to the USSR and the USA as allies; the dropping of the atomic bomb; morale, optimism and pessimism; rationing and other war-time controls; air-raids and bomb damage;) the Beveridge Report, equal pay, post-war reconstruction. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'British Institute of Public Opinion Polls, 1944' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). Questions [from the whole series 1938-1946] cover domestic, foreign and military affairs, including: appeasement; attitudes towards Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill and other leading politicians (such as Halifax, Eden, Atlee, Bevin, Morrison); the persecution of the Jews; and topics relating to the Second World War (like: the progress and prosecution of the war; whether to sue for peace with Germany, Italy and Japan; satisfaction with the government's conduct of the war; the opening of a 'second front'; attitudes to the USSR and the USA as allies; the dropping of the atomic bomb; morale, optimism and pessimism; rationing and other war-time controls; air-raids and bomb damage;) the Beveridge Report, equal pay, post-war reconstruction. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'British Institute of Public Opinion Polls, 1945' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). Questions [from the whole series 1938-1946] cover domestic, foreign and military affairs, including: appeasement; attitudes towards Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill and other leading politicians (such as Halifax, Eden, Atlee, Bevin, Morrison); the persecution of the Jews; and topics relating to the Second World War (like: the progress and prosecution of the war; whether to sue for peace with Germany, Italy and Japan; satisfaction with the government's conduct of the war; the opening of a 'second front'; attitudes to the USSR and the USA as allies; the dropping of the atomic bomb; morale, optimism and pessimism; rationing and other war-time controls; air-raids and bomb damage;) the Beveridge Report, equal pay, post-war reconstruction. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'British Institute of Public Opinion Polls, 1946' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). Questions [from the whole series 1938-1946] cover domestic, foreign and military affairs, including: appeasement; attitudes towards Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill and other leading politicians (such as Halifax, Eden, Atlee, Bevin, Morrison); the persecution of the Jews; and topics relating to the Second World War (like: the progress and prosecution of the war; whether to sue for peace with Germany, Italy and Japan; satisfaction with the government's conduct of the war; the opening of a 'second front'; attitudes to the USSR and the USA as allies; the dropping of the atomic bomb; morale, optimism and pessimism; rationing and other war-time controls; air-raids and bomb damage;) the Beveridge Report, equal pay, post-war reconstruction. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This AHRC and ESRC-funded resource contains local election results from 1889-2003. It brings together for the first time in machine readable form, election results from counties and county boroughs in England, Scotland and Wales until local government reorganisation in 1973, with existing databases of more recent local government election results. Access is available to users based at UK higher education institutions, but registration and completion of an order form is required.
The British Library has photographed millions of pages from 49 regional and national British newspapers from the 19th century. The search facility and some interesting presentations relating to key topics in British history are freely available to all. The topics presented range from the British Empire and the Indian Mutiny, Chartism, slavery, and the Whitechapel murders. Some writers are also profiled including: William Cobbett, Leigh Hunt, Edward Lloyd, John Morley, James O'Brien, Charles Parnell, George William MacArthur Reynolds and William Stead. If you are a member of a UK HE or FE institution you will be able to access the full-text, fully searchable digital archive through your local provider - e.g. your college library. Otherwise articles are available to purchase. The papers originate from England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, and have been selected by an editorial board to provide a broad yet detailed view of life in Victorian Britain. The papers include include the Examiner, the Pall Mall Gazette, the Chartist, the Western Mail, the Illustrated Police News, and many others. The website also provides a Bibliography: 19th Century British Library Newspapers, as well as guides to researching historical newspapers and periodicals. This is part of work done in partnership with the JISC Digitisation Programme to provide free access to newspapers from 1620-1900. Elsewhere in the British Library website you can access the 17th and 18th Century Burney Collection Database.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "British Parliamentary Divisions on Repeal of the Corn Laws, Including M.P. Party Affiliation and Constituency Characteristics, 1832-1846" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data were gathered to explain the timing of the repeal of the Corn Laws by developing and testing a model that links the economic composition of British county and borough constituencies to the voting behaviour of Members of Parliament on trade policy during the period from 1826 to 1846. The model seeks to demonstrate that electoral reform and export growth and diversification during the 1830s and early 1840s, both independently and through their influence on the party affiliation of M.P.s, raised the political cost to M.P.s of maintaining a protectionist policy, thereby contributing to the policy shift from protectionism to Free Trade.
The British Periodicals database is a subscription resource published by ProQuest / Chadwyck-Healey featuring the digitised texts of over 400 historic British periodicals, spanning the period from the 1680s to the 1930s. Many of the journals have been edited at times by significant writers, including Charles Dickens, Daniel Defoe, Henry Fielding, Samuel Johnson, Walter Bagehot, and Aubrey Beardsley. The rich metadata relating to each article, plus an efficient keyword searching mechanism, makes this database an extremely useful resource for uncovering many aspects of British social, political, religious, literary, or artistic history. The images of the primary texts are displayed clearly, with keywords highlighted. There is also a useful index of the selected journals themselves, with details about their editors and popular topics. A personalisation service is offered enabling users to store searches.
'British Scholar' is a full-text ejournal published by the British Scholar Society and the British Studies program at the University of Texas at Austin. At March 2009 there is one issue online (Sept 2008). Example article titles include: 'The British Identity, 1851-2008'; 'Debating Britain and Europe, 1688-1815'; and 'Anti-Jewish Philosemitism: British and Hebrew Affinity and Nineteenth Century British Antisemitism', among others. The journal also publishes book reviews. The website also has details of the Advisory Board and submissions process, and associated conferences. Visitors to the 2007 British Scholar Society conference page will find there an additional three full-text papers in PDF form: 'Understandings of Space in Early Eighteenth Century London'; 'Royalty and Democracy in 1953 Jamaica: Crafting Independence in a New Elizabethan Age'; and 'Immigration and the Commonwealth, 1948-1962'. There are also 15 profiles of notable scholars in the field (see: Features / Scholars' Corner). Future issues of the journal may not have all articles in full-text form, since the editors currently invite subscriptions to the paper version, and promise that subscribers will have..."unlimited access to the online version".
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'British Speeches, 1870-1914 and German Speeches, 1871-1912' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This data collection of ‘Speeches in Reply’ made in the British Parliament in the period 1870-1914, and ‘Speeches from the Throne’ made in the German Reichstag in the period 1871-1921, was created to enable content analysis. This data collection contains the texts of ‘Speeches in Reply’ made in the British Parliament, and ‘Speeches from the Throne’ made in the German Reichstag in the period 1870-1914 and 1871-1921 respectively.
The British Rocketry Oral History Project (BROHP) aims to document "the experiences of those who worked on the British rocketry programmes of the 50s and 60s", at a time when the British space programme was in many areas equal to that of the USA and the USSR. The website has details of the project, and the BROHP conference. As of August 2007, two sets of conference proceedings are available in printed form, as 'Prospero: The Journal of British Rocketry and Nuclear History'. Two sample full-text articles are freely available from the journal. The Project also covers the space race in Australia, since that was where Britain had test sites.
The Cabinet Papers website provides free access to recently digitised cabinet papers from 1915-1978. The digitisation funded via the JISC Digitisation Programme. The papers are organised into a diverse range of topics and introduced through historical essays. The website will be of interest to teachers and students who can search free-text or browse through the following sections. 'Themes' explore Britain's world relations, war and disintegration of empire, economic development and the government's approach to the challenges of society. Key topics include: the British Empire; decolonisation and the development of the Commonwealth; the development of the Welfare state and National Health Service; economic policy; diplomacy, foreign policy and British involvement in the First World War and Second World War. 'A-level studies' concentrates on: the Trade Union Movement; the General Strike; the Welfare State; and the National Health Service (NHS). Cabinet government is explained in another section; how it works, what record are kept, and the history and development of Cabinet government. Interactive 'Maps in Time' help you understand events in their geographical and political context, as the British Empire and the British government changed during the period 1900-2000. A software tool (The Writing Frame) is available to use which is designed to support students when using sources. The section 'All HE packages and A Level Studies' introduces a collection of carefully selected cabinet papers. Teachers' guides are provided to assist with classroom activties.
This site provides free access to a major digital archive of British government documents. Over half a million pages of papers, memos, minutes and reports covering all major British government cabinet, ministerial and prime ministerial decisions from 1915-1997 can be read online at the National Archives website as part of a project funded by the funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) digitisation programme. All areas of British domestic and foreign policy can be traced and insight offered into government decision making processes. The site can be searched by keyword or browsed by theme. Key topics include: the British, Empire, decolonisation and the development of the Commonwealth; the development of the Welfare state and National Health Service; economic policy; diplomacy, foreign policy and British involvement in the First and Second World wars. The site also includes 'A' level teaching guides with suggested classroom activities; interactive maps of key political and social events and a who's who of prime ministers and key politicians.
Part of the Imperial War Museum website, the Cabinet War Rooms section provides information about the development of Churchill's Second World War underground complex as a museum. (During the Blitz on London, Winston Churchill, his Cabinet, his War Cabinet, his Intelligence organisation and his staff met below ground in a fortified basement in Whitehall known as The Cabinet War Rooms). The website includes a virtual tour (Quicktime or Java movies) of the war rooms, and links to Churchill's Room, the Cabinet Room, the Map Room, and the Transatlantic Telephone Room, as well as other parts of the Cabinet War Rooms, a history of the rooms, and an introduction to the London Blitz, as well as practical information about visiting the rooms currently open to the public.
Cadw, 'the official guardian of the built heritage of Wales', is the Welsh Assembly's historic environment division and is responsible for protecting, conserving and promoting a numerous and diverse range of sites. This attractive and well laid out website includes extensive information on Welsh monuments, buildings, parks, gardens, landscapes and underwater archaeology. The places to visit section includes a map with links to descriptions and images of historic sites. There are details of opening hours, admission prices and an events programme. The learning and discovery pages include information on castles through history, including those of the Welsh princes and of Edward I, with detailed information on specific sites and resources for teachers. Owners of historic properties can access advice about listed building status and securing grants. The legislation section details laws relating to heritage protection and guidance on access and listing. Cadw has many guides and publications, some of which can be viewed online or downloaded as a pdf file, although others can only be purchased in hard copy. The site is also available in Welsh.
This website is devoted to the Northern Ireland conflict from 1968 to the present. Based at the University of Ulster, CAIN (Conflict Archive on the Internet) is a vast resource containing: background to the conflict - including information about the various Republican and Unionist parties involved, hunger strikes, internment, civil rights in Northern Ireland, and the peace process; information about Irish society (including economic, cultural, population and education details); explanations of key events, such as the UWC strike, 'Bloody Sunday' and the Omagh Bomb; theoretical models for studying conflict; and bibliographic resources. Although the site contains a great deal of material itself, it is also a gateway to other projects and research in the field of Northern Irish politics and conflict studies in general. The site is thus a vital network for historians.
The website "CAIN Web service: Guide to Web Sites Containing Information on the Conflict and Politics in Northern Ireland" is a guide to some of the online resources providing information on Northern Ireland's society, religious conflict, and politics from 1968 to the present. CAIN is the Conflict Archive on the Internet, based within the University of Ulster. The resources are arranged into the following areas, with detailed introductions: key sites for information on the Northern Ireland conflict; Irish university links; government sites; political parties; news agencies; other groups and individuals; discussion lists and newsgroups; some Irish history sites; and some 'All things Irish' sites. This guide is intended to provide a good starting point in the search for Internet sites on this subject.
The website "CAIN Web services: Guide to Web Sites Containing Information on the Conflict and Politics in Northern Ireland" is a guide to some of the online resources providing information on Northern Ireland's society, religious conflict, and politics from 1968 to the present. CAIN is the Conflict Archive on the Internet, based within the University of Ulster. The resources are arranged into the following areas, with detailed introductions: key sites for information on the Northern Ireland conflict; Irish university links; government sites; political parties; news agencies; other groups and individuals; discussion lists and newsgroups; some Irish history sites; and some 'All things Irish' sites. This guide is intended to provide a good starting point in the search for Internet sites on this subject.
Digitised images of the published Calendar of Patent Rolls covering the period 1216 to 1452 can be browsed or searched for free on this site created by G.R. Boynton and the University of Iowa Libraries. Recording royal grants and orders made by letters patent, or open, the patent rolls are an essential source for English medieval history, whether political, social, legal, financial, ecclesiastical or diplomatic. Whilst the published Calendars of Patent Rolls are available in academic libraries and the original manuscripts are held in The National Archives, through this site the contents are much more accessible. However, there are problems with this website, which consists of scanned pages from the published Calendar of Patent rolls, with a front page that offers only a simple browse or search facility. There is no explanation of how to use the website and no introduction to the patent rolls themselves, presumably because the site was created as a teaching resource for students at University of Iowa. However, as the first attempt to digitise the contents of the Calendar of Patent Rolls, this remains a useful resource, particularly for historians and researchers already familiar with their contents. For the period 1216 to 1232, the full text of the patent rolls is provided and is in Latin, whilst from 1232 to 1452, the text is calendared and is in English.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Canadian Census and Election Data, 1908-1968; 1921 Census, 1917 and 1921 Elections' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, so further information is supplied giving instructions. This dataset consists of 7 files of Canadian census and election data, each corresponding to a particular electoral period when the number of constituencies was fixed. The files include: returns from the federal elections of 1908 and 1911 and data from the 1911 census; the elections of 1917 and 1921 and the census of 1921; the elections of 1925, 1926 and 1930; the elections of 1935, 1940 and 1945; the election of 1949 and the census of 1951; the elections of 1953, 1957, 1958, 1962, 1963 and 1965 and the census of 1961; the election of 1968. Main Topics: The election data include the total valid vote cast and the percentage of the total vote received by each of the major parties as well as a total for all other parties. The census data include religion and ethnicity as well as information on education, occupation, and income from the census of 1961.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Canadian Census and Election Data, 1908-1968; 1911 Census, 1908 and 1911 Elections' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, so further information is supplied giving instructions. This dataset consists of 7 files of Canadian census and election data, each corresponding to a particular electoral period when the number of constituencies was fixed. The files include: returns from the federal elections of 1908 and 1911 and data from the 1911 census; the elections of 1917 and 1921 and the census of 1921; the elections of 1925, 1926 and 1930; the elections of 1935, 1940 and 1945; the election of 1949 and the census of 1951; the elections of 1953, 1957, 1958, 1962, 1963 and 1965 and the census of 1961; the election of 1968. Main Topics: The election data include the total valid vote cast and the percentage of the total vote received by each of the major parties as well as a total for all other parties. The census data include religion and ethnicity as well as information on education, occupation, and income from the census of 1961.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Canadian Census and Election Data, 1908-1968; 1925, 1926 and 1930 Elections' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, so further information is supplied giving instructions. This dataset consists of 7 files of Canadian census and election data, each corresponding to a particular electoral period when the number of constituencies was fixed. The files include: returns from the federal elections of 1908 and 1911 and data from the 1911 census; the elections of 1917 and 1921 and the census of 1921; the elections of 1925, 1926 and 1930; the elections of 1935, 1940 and 1945; the election of 1949 and the census of 1951; the elections of 1953, 1957, 1958, 1962, 1963 and 1965 and the census of 1961; the election of 1968. Main Topics: The election data include the total valid vote cast and the percentage of the total vote received by each of the major parties as well as a total for all other parties. The census data include religion and ethnicity as well as information on education, occupation, and income from the census of 1961.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Canadian Census and Election Data, 1908-1968; 1935, 1940 and 1945 Elections' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, so further information is supplied giving instructions. This dataset consists of 7 files of Canadian census and election data, each corresponding to a particular electoral period when the number of constituencies was fixed. The files include: returns from the federal elections of 1908 and 1911 and data from the 1911 census; the elections of 1917 and 1921 and the census of 1921; the elections of 1925, 1926 and 1930; the elections of 1935, 1940 and 1945; the election of 1949 and the census of 1951; the elections of 1953, 1957, 1958, 1962, 1963 and 1965 and the census of 1961; the election of 1968. Main Topics: The election data include the total valid vote cast and the percentage of the total vote received by each of the major parties as well as a total for all other parties. The census data include religion and ethnicity as well as information on education, occupation, and income from the census of 1961.
This website, part of the National Library of Canada, traces the history of Canada from its origins as four provinces in 1867 to the present day. The intention is to bring into focus the influence of the American Civil War on the achievement of Canadian Confederation. The site features maps, essays, political cartoons and a database of prominent figures during this period, together with clear outlines of the background history.
The Canadian constitutional documents website was created by William Maton in order to provide free access to relevant documents. There are currently over 50 documents available online. The structure of the site is straightforward with documents available in chronological order. Although the constitution was established by the Constitution Act of 1867, the site also features relevant legal documentation predating this document, such as the Charter of Hudson's Bay, the Royal Proclamation of 1763, and the Quebec Act of 1774. Selected documents from the 18th century to the present are available from the site. Each document is annotated with a brief description of its major features and where appropriate links are provided from one document to another. Last updated were made in 2006.
This website presents a wealth of information on the history of the Canadian Armed Forces throughout the twentieth century. Of particular note is the description of the history of the Canadian Armed Forces, which will be of great benefit to those starting research or study in this field. The website is arranged thematically (with headings such as 'Organisation', 'Uniform', 'Insignia', 'Weapons', 'Enemies' and so on) and each section has a large volume of information. The menu-bars running down the left-hand side of the page, which provide access to most of the information on the site, are perhaps a little small and could be made more obvious. Nonetheless, these Web pages provide an excellent introduction to the history of Canada's efforts in war during the twentieth century.
This website is intended to accompany the television series 'Castle' first broadcast on British Television in May and June 2003. The TV programme traces the development of Britain's castles from the time of William the Conqueror. The website includes a timeline and a section on early castles, but concentrates on nine castles in particular. These are: Rochester, Hedingham, Caerphilly, Caernarfon, Bodiam, Threave, Craigievar, Raglan, and Pontefract. Each castle is introduced in its original context, its architecture described and explained, and its history briefly related. 'Virtual Tours' of the castles may be taken online provided the user has the correct plug-ins; each tour opens in a new window. There is also a timeline of important events in each castle's history, visiting details, short bibliographies, and a list of Internet links relevant to each building. The site has been designed for the general public interested in finding more information after seeing the TV programmes. It would also be useful for school projects and as a general introduction to the history of British castle building at undergraduate level. A text only version of the site is available.
The Castles of Wales website provides photographs and comprehensive accounts of the medieval castles of Wales. Information is presented on a wide range of topics related to Welsh castles and Welsh medieval history, resulting in an extremely informative and easily navigable website with lots of interesting content. The website is written in English with most pages translated into Welsh. Over four hundred Welsh castles are described, as well as the important Marcher castles found on the English side of the Anglo-Welsh border. The amount of information displayed for each castle can vary from a few sentences to several pages, with accompanying high quality photographs or videos. The main content of the site can be accessed in a number of ways: an alphabetical index; a database which includes information for over five hundred known castles and castle sites, and provides links to individual pages for over a hundred of them; and interactive clickable maps. The information in all parts of the website is cross-referenced and hyperlinked. The website also includes: a bibliography and glossary; essays, including a detailed biography of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke; a section on Welsh abbeys and other religious sites; a section on Welsh castles in art; and links to further networked resources. As of 2007, the website is no longer being updated.
The Castro speech database contains full-text English translations of a selection of speeches, interviews and press conferences by Fidel Castro from 1959 to 1996. The material on the site is from records of the Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS). The FBIS is a United States government agency responsible for monitoring broadcast and print media throughout the world. The initial work of digitising the FBIS reports from 1959 to the end of the 1980s was undertaken by the Department of Research of the Radio Marti Program, which is part of the U.S. Information Agency. Updates to the database are now carried out electronically. The database can be searched by headline, text or source and can be further limited by type, year, decade and language. It is also possible to browse the material by date. The material is organised by date and can, therefore, be difficult to browse.
CELT Corpus of Electronic Texts is a large online collection of Irish cultural, historical, and literary texts (in: Irish; Latin; Hiberno-Norman French; and English). The works range from early medieval pieces through to 20th century literature. They are accompanied by: introductions; translations (where possible and necessary); and scholarly bibliographies. Images are also part of the presentation. On this site, users may: download fonts for Irish script (GaelA and GaelB); use the experimental search interface; browse texts by language; read more about the TEI, HTML, and SGML markup of the texts; and view chronologies and bibliographies of particular Irish scholars.
The website of the Ohio State University Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies (CMRS) provides information about: the centre; its programmes; its staff; and their research interests. The Center focuses on: art; music; literature; religion; history; philosophy; and government. It also publishes a twice-quarterly newsletter entitled Nouvelles Nouvelles (selected issues of which are available in full-text at this site) and has served as the headquarters for the New Chaucer Society. The Center houses the Hilandar Research Library and the resource Center for Medieval Slavic Studies. The site has a useful section of links to resources on various subjects including: Arthurian; numismatics; Byzantium; warfare; Vikings; conferences; history of art; and religion. A good resource for students of the medieval and Renaissance periods.
The website Central and East European Online Library (CEEOL) is an online archive which provides access to scholarly journals and electronic books pertaining to Central and Eastern European topics. The site claims its history is rooted in the annual book fairs of Frankfurt am Main. It was developed by the Frankfurt cultural center Palais Jalta, and its related company Questa.soft. Site content is provided by publishers and editors who are based in Central Europe, or by those based outside the region who deal with Eastern European histories; languages; literatures; and cultural, social and political themes related to the study of this area. CEEOL allows site visitors to search its library holdings of electronic publications (mainly periodicals). Perhaps more helpful for initial browsing are the general author and periodical indexes, which can be checked both alphabetically and by country. Entries include a link to biographical information on each author. Similar indexes are available for the publishers themselves, with contact details. There is also a search engine for electronic books, which can be searched according to subject. The site also offers links relevant to those with an interest in Central and Eastern Europe; however, this page is only accessible via a search engine, which makes navigation and assessment of the extent of links difficult. A similar problem exists for general holdings as well. Navigation appears clear, but actually obscures the range and nature of site content; a full-text search with 'Google scholar' in the articles has been added however. Access to documents is available only by subscription or direct purchase, although free samples are offered.
The Centre for Contemporary British History (CCBH) is a research department of the Institute of Historical Research, University of London. Their site provides information about conferences, seminars and publications produced by the CCBH and others on contemporary British History. Access is also provided to primary source material and related data from their extensive witness seminar programme - also branded 'Oral History Programme' on the website. These are group discussions led by a scholar, in which key individuals revisit an important event or development in the recent past. are being built up into an online archive. The texts of many of these discussions and the associated papers are made available through this site - some for free (just require you to register and login), others will be posted to you on CD for a fee. Seminars already online include: Anglo-German Relations and German Reunification; Britain and Europe; 'The Poor Get Poorer Under Labour': The Validity and Effects of CPAG's Campaign in 1970; the development of Concorde; the Rise and Fall of the Bretton Woods Agreement; the Development of North Sea Oil and Gas; the Origins and Establishment of the Internal Market in the NHS; the Resistance to the Poll Tax; Rhodesian UDI; Section 28 and the revival of Gay, Lesbian and Queer Politics in Britain; The Abortion Act 1970; the British Response to the Strategic Defence Initiative (SDI or Star Wars) in the 1980s; the Historiography of the Communist Party of Great Britain; Intelligence Services in the Second World War; The Nott Review; and the role of the British Embassy in Moscow, and in Washington; the Role of the Speaker in the House of Commons; the Move to the Sandys White Paper of 1957.
The website Centre for Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies presents the genesis, staff members, and current programmes of this research centre (formerly the Centre for the Study of Britain and its Empire) at the University of Southampton. The staff list links to the home page of each individual, and further information on the courses available can be found by searching the University website. The main page also refers to three collections of papers, namely the Wellington Papers Database, the Palmerston Papers Database and the Mountbatten Papers Database. Searchable online databases for these are available via the University Libraries Special Collections home page. The website of the Centre is simple and straightforward; introduces the latest news and upcoming conferences and offers an overview of its activities and interests.
The Centre for the Study of the Renaissance at the University of Warwick is an interdisciplinary centre which brings together specialists studying the Renaissance period within English studies, French studies, history, history of art, Italian studies and theatre studies. The Centre receives funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) to develop the AHRB Centre for the Study of Renaissance Elites and Court Cultures. The website provides information about the projects, activities and publications of the Centre. The Centre hosts three research projects: the Italian Elites project which studies the contribution of well-educated or high-ranking Italians to the social, political and cultural life of the Italian and European Renaissance; the Europa Triumphans project which studies court, city and religious festivals of the Renaissance and Early Modern periods; and the John Nichols Project which investigates Court Entertainment and civic pageantry. Each of these projects has a separate section on the website. The site also provides details of seminars and conferences organised by the Centre; the MA in Culture of the European Renaissance; subscription information for the Centre's printed journal, Renaissance Journal; and a useful selection of links to relevant resources.
Centre-Periphery Structures in Europe [1880-1978] : an International Social Science This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Council (ISSC) Workbook in Comparative Analysis' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). This study presents economic, cultural, electoral and administrative variables from the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries: Britain, Germany, Norway and Switzerland. The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The dataset was constructed at the request of the Standing Committee on Comparative Research of the International Social Science Council to serve as a teaching tool on research methodology in the social sciences. Its purpose is to introduce students to international comparative studies by offering them the opportunity to investigate the structures of territories in modern Western Europe. In particular, this study focuses on the relationships between military-administrative, economic, and cultural `centers' within a nation-state and their surrounding hinterlands. The four countries selected illustrate very different types of territorial structure from the federal, multi-centered model to the unitary, single-centered model. In physical size, they represent both large and small political entities. The separate country level files in this study vary in the unit of analysis: Kreise for the Federal Republic of Germany, Constituencies for the United Kingdom, communes within counties (Fylke) in Norway, and Cantons in Switzerland. These units were chosen explicitly to allow the student to grapple with the problems of choosing a level of aggregation in comparative analyses. This study contains extensive information for all four countries in such areas as geography, demography, urban settlement patterns, occupational structures, education, income, industrial and agricultural production, health and household condition, cultural and religious traits and political beliefs.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Centre-Periphery Structures in Europe, 1900-1970' dataset hosted by the EConomic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and from this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. To introduce students to the challenges of comparative research on the structure of territories in Western Europe. It is designed to appeal to all political scientists, sociologists and social geographers interested in comparisons across Europe. This teaching package is composed of five datasets: four for units of aggregation within four countries, the fifth a uniform dataset for 72 standard regions of the Europe of the Six, the original EC countries (Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands). The four countries chosen are: Federal Republic of Germany, United Kingdom, Norway and Switzerland. These countries were chosen to illustrate four very different types of territorial structure: two federal, multi-centred, two unitary or near-unitary, single centred, two large countries, two small. The datasets offer possibilities of diachronic (cross-time) as well as sybchronic (one point in time) analysis. The datasets vary in their level of aggregation: Kreise for the Federal Republic of Germany, constituencies for the United Kingdom, communes in the Norwegian case, cantons in Switzerland. These levels were chosen explicitly to introduce the student to problems in the choice of level of aggregation. The datasets offer aggregate information on economic, cultural, electoral and administrative variables. The datasets are not identical across countries: they reflect differences in social and political structure as well as in bookkeeping practices and give students a chance to grapple with problems of comparability in the construction of indices.
The website "Charles Booth Online Archive" is a fascinating resource providing details of the life and works of the Victorian businessman and social campaigner, Charles Booth (1840-1916). The site focuses on Booth's survey into life and labour in London, conducted between 1886 and 1903, one of the most comprehensive and important contemporary accounts of London society and poverty. The website contains a detailed online catalogue of materials relating to Booth's survey, all taken from the Booth Collection at the London School of Economics. Many of the materials, including 31 of the original notebooks, have been digitised, the images being available from the site. The site also includes 12 interactive digitised poverty maps of London, with colour coding to indicate income levels on a street-by-street basis. These maps are searchable by place name and postcode, and the images are displayed parallel to modern maps and to relevant passages in the catalogue descriptions and the digitised notebooks. The site also offers a catalogue of the Booth family papers and digitised images of seven editions of the Booth family magazine. The site includes a biography, list of links, and a search engine for the catalogue. The Charles Booth Online Archive received funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP). The site is now archived.
This site offers encyclopedia style factual entries relating to the 19th Century Chartist movement of English political reformers who advocated better social and industrial conditions for the working classes. (It forms part of the Spartacus Internet Encyclopedia which has been created to provide free educational material on the Internet for teachers and students.) Also included are quotes from primary resource material such as letters and diaries, pictoral images and lists of further related readings. Areas covered include: biographies of the key Chartist leaders, such as William Lovett and Feargus O'Connor; descriptions of Chartists' tactics in political protest and campaign; and consideration of the roles of newspapers, artists and writers in British parliamentary reform at this time. The site makes reference to the key Parliamentary Reform Acts of 1832, 1867 and 1884.
"Child labour in the 19th century" is an online resource from Spartacus Educational aimed at examining the history of child labour and reform in Britain, for the National Curriculum. The website design is quite striking, with a lengthy set of links to further content arranged in the following categories: Life in the Factory; Factory Reformers; Supporters of Child Labour; Factory Workers; Tactics and Issues; Factory Acts; and Statistics. However, there is little coverage of children employed in agriculture, domestic service and small domestic manufacturing. There is a debate activity for teachers to use with their classes. Each student is given the name of a person involved in the debate over the issue of children working in textile factories in the early part of the 19th century. They research on the Internet to discover details of their character, and their character's views on child labour. The downloadable Research Sheet allows each student to write a brief biography of their character and to prepare a speech for the debate entitled.
'Chinese cultural revolution propaganda' is the website of a commercial dealer in historical propaganda ephemera dating from the period of the Chinese cultural revolution. The free website features an extensive variety of images of empheral propaganda material, such as 1930s posters, general posters and wood block prints from the period, and even porcelain figures and vinyl records. Each item for sale has several large and clear images, and a description. A few modern reproductions are included in the items for sale. Although not an academic website, this may be a useful additional resource for those researching the visual culture of the period.
The website "Chronik der Mauer" (Chronicle of the Berlin Wall) is devoted primarily to the late summer of 1961 when the Berlin Wall was erected. The site is generally excellent in this respect, providing historical documents such as radio news clips, contemporary news reports, letters, press conferences and important speeches. All documents are arranged following a day-by-day chronology of developments. Also of interest is a statistics section on movement, or prevented movement, between the eastern and western parts of the city between 1949 and 1989. There are lists of important historical figures; lists of the victims killed while trying to cross the wall; related documentaries and films from this period (not complete); extensive bibliographies and sources; annotated links; recent and current events related to commemoration or further portrayals of this great symbol of the Cold War. Accompanying photographs help to provide a feel for the time. It is a pity that this outstanding site is available only in German. The site is restricted largely to the survey of the historical events of 1961, and to some extent to those of 1989. However, given the importance of the Berlin Wall as a icon in the Western imagination in the latter half of the twentieth century, it is unfortunate that a broader approach was not taken to reveal the full scope of the Wall's cultural significance and historical impact. The view of the Berlin Wall beyond the confines of Germany in the West and East would, along with an English element, have bolstered the depth of the historical analysis implicitly available on the site. Navigation is very good. The site possesses its own search engine.
Churchill: the Evidence is the National Library of Scotland's online educational and exhibition resource for the life and times of Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965). It has been created by the National Library and the Churchill Archives Centre, and is based on a major exhibition in the summer of 1999. It uses original documents and photographs to tell the story of one of the twentieth century's most important figures including his service as Prime Minister during the darkest days of the Second World War in the "Life and Time" section. This website has a large section with resources for schools for each stage, including guides for teaching; activity sheets; and teaching materials. Texts can be downloaded in PDF format.
The website "Churchill and the Great Republic" is an online exhibition published by the Library of Congress that looks at the life of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The exhibition features material taken from the Churchill Archives in Cambridge, England, and has received funding from John W. Kluge. The exhibition provides a brief biographical history of Winston Churchill's life in six chapters, covering childhood, marriage, the Second World War, America and Britain's relationship, and the Cold War. On the site users will find a selection of primary source documents, including letters, posters and photographs, as well as a suggested reading list, and information about the physical exhibition being held at the Library of Congress. An interactive flash version of this online exhibition has been added to the site, where the material can be explored and viewed by timelines; themes; and objects (letter, photographs, sound recordings, newspapers and many more).
The Churchill archives centre, based at Churchill College Cambridge, holds 570 collections of documents relating to Winston Churchill. The material in the archives includes letters, war-time speeches (Second World War) and his Nobel Prize winning writings. The archive holds an estimated one million documents. Recently, the Churchill archives have acquired the papers of Baroness Thatcher. The website provides an alphabetical and a subject ordered list of the documents available for viewing. Information about visiting the archive, such as: opening hours; location; and rules and regulations are available from the site. The site has an image gallery which provides examples of some of the original documents. Another feature of the site is an online exhibition section which includes an exhibition outlining the life and times of Churchill. A set of relevant links is also maintained.
The "Churchill Speech Interactive" is an online educational resource which focusses on Churchill's renowned Iron Curtain speech, delivered on 5th March 1946. The speech was officially titled Sinews of Peace, and Churchill delivered it at Westminster College, Fulton Missouri at the invitation of U.S. President Truman. The website is an excellent resource for historians, students and teachers, and provides the complete audio speech of 45 minutes, enhanced by a browsable interface which includes information about the historical context within which the speech was made (e.g. United Nations, European Unity, Atomic Bomb, Iron Curtain). It also offers interesting information about Churchill himself, how he prepared and delivered his speeches and, naturally, a biography of the great man. The project is a collaboration between Mackenzie Ward Research Ltd, the Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge, the Churchill Family, with support from Cisco Systems. There are contextual snap shots and over 300 supplementary pieces of information. The site requires Flash Player. A wonderful resource for those studying Churchill or the Cold War.
The Cinema di propaganda website presents online footage originally produced for propaganda purposes by two main Italian political parties - the Partito Comunista Italiano and the Democrazia Cristiana - from the end of the Second World War to the 1970s. The audiovisual resources available have been drawn and selected from several public and private film archives. Propaganda footage and reels were one of the main means of political communication in post-war Italy. Several of the short films available feature famous actors or were produced by well known directors and screenwriters. For examples: Bernardo Bertolucci, Gillo Pontecorvo, Ettore Scola, the Taviani brothers. A dedicated database can be searched or browsed online. Films have been grouped into thematic sections, amongst which are: history of the parties and their leaders; political electoral campaigns and elections; the Southern question; women. This ongoing project aims at expanding to include propagandistic material originating from other Italian political parties in the same period. The website is the result of a joint venture between four main Italian film archives: the Cineteca di Bologna, Fondazione Archivio Audiovisivo del Movimento Operaio e Democratico, Istituto Gramsci Emilia Romagna, and the Istituto Sturzo. It was produced through support provided by the Italian Cultural Ministry.
Citizenship - a history of people, rights and power in Britain is an online exhibition by The National Archives, created in partnership with the House of Lords Record Office and funded by the New Opportunities Fund. This impressive website provides detailed material on the shaping of the relationship between the people and the state, tracing the development of citizenship in Britain from 1066 to 2003. The content is divided into four main chronological chapters, beginning with Citizen or Subject?, which looks at England, Wales and Scotland from 1066 to 1603. It covers key documents including Domesday Book and Magna Carta and events such as the Peasants Revolt. The Rise of Parliament 1625-1789, considers British power and politics and includes information on the Levellers, the Highland clearances and the links between England, Scotland and Wales. The Struggle for Democracy, 1789-1906 concentrates on late Georgian and Victorian Britain, with topics such as John Lovell and the People's Charter, the slave trade, Poor Law reform and the effects of the French Revolution. Brave New World considers the twentieth century, particularly post Second World War changes such as immigration, the Beveridge Report and the welfare state, Edward Heath and British relations with Europe. A case study on Birmingham investigates how national politics and events affected citizenship in this city. Each topic contains a good selection of digitised primary source material and various avenues of further investigation. There are a number of fun quizzes and games, available in Flash or html.
The "Civil War" website offers detailed analysis of the personalities, events and battles of the English Civil War era. It considers the sixteenth and seventeenth century history of upheaval, during which the English Civil War was "a truly profound political event in Europe... part of a wider struggle for supremacy between Catholics and Protestants in Europe". During this period, the Stuart kingdoms of Scotland, England and Ireland, and the Principality of Wales were ripped apart by religious and political unrest. The "aftershocks" continue to affect British and Irish politics to the present day. The website accompanies Tristram Hunt's television series of the same name for BBC2/the Open University. This was filmed in a fresh style, with Hunt's narrative, reconstructions and re-enactments bringing seventeenth century events and individuals to life in "a vivid and engaging manner" - which viewers either loved or hated. There is so much content - text, images and multimedia - and so many ways to navigate the resources that the home page, at first, seems cluttered and confusing. However, familiarity soon takes over as a consistent placing of navigation bars aids the user's journey through this online experience. There is also an excellent "About This Site" section that is visible from all pages. Here you can find out very swiftly how to navigate through the six main chapters and 21 sub-sections of the site - and how to jump to video overviews, and use the interactive time-line, or find particular crucial events of the Civil War, for example: each of the six chapters begins with an Overview, accompanied by a short two to three minute video in which Tristram Hunt summarises the story and key contents of each section. Viewing these videos in quick succession offers a summary of the entire history of the Civil War in less than twenty minutes; If you are looking to examine a specific point in the Civil War period, use the interactive time-line which arranges the story chronologically and links to specific points in time; as an examination of Europe, Ireland and Britain is crucial to an understanding of the Civil War, the site presents a series of maps looking at these dimensions; Profiles of the key players in the Civil War era (including Oliver Cromwell and King Charles I) provides further background on their motivations and the parts they played. Learn More explains how the website and TV series relate to the Open University syllabus, and contains a reading list of recommended books and links to other online resources; and you can also download a complete transcript of the website (rich text file - .rtf). The website's design reflects the TV series' fresh, heavily designed style, and offers additional insight into the era's personalities and tensions, while standing-alone from the TV series as an independent and valuable resource.
This website contains all the material that pertained to the Civil War, American social history, and political history published from January 1861 through December 1865 in the Illustrated London News. The images were photographed using a large-format camera with a Phase One scanning back; the library stores the images as 300 dpi, 24-bit colour tiffs; and the site presents them as jpegs. The website is very easy to use, and provides both a general introduction to the project and the collection of the images. There is, moreover, a list of important secondary sources, in the form of a bibliography, present. The articles themselves can be either browsed chronologically or searched (by keyword, date or title). The wealth of information provided makes this a highly useful website for students and researchers of American social, military, political and cultural history.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Coale Indices of Fertility and Nuptiality in Scotland, 1881-1911', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download an HTML file giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). This project aimed to investigate aspects of the decline of fertility in Scotland, by considering the Coale Indices of Fertility and Nuptiality as indicators of demographic transition, and through this, to provide an insight into one aspect of the economic and social history of Scotland.
The "Coalfield Web Materials" website is published by the University of Wales, Swansea, and funded by the Lottery distributor, the New Opportunities Fund. The site aims to improve lifelong learning opportunities by encouraging the study of the local history and cultural heritage of South Wales. It offers digital versions of original photographic, audio and video material relating to the history and development of the South Wales Coalfield. This material will be available in both Welsh and English, although it is currently predominantly in English. Information on the site can be found using a keyword search, or browsed using two navigation tools, Themes and Learning Paths. The Themes section is split into four categories, Events, Life, Place and People. Events looks at historical events, such as the Tonypandy dispute in 1910, the General Strike, the Hunger Marches, the Aberfan disaster and the Miner's Strikes in the 1970s and 1980s, whilst People provides biographies of historical figures like Aneurin Bevan, S.O. Davies, and Dai Dan Evans. Place discusses the geography of the coalfields in Wales, and Life explores different facets of life as a Welsh miner, touching on education, society, religion, politics and the economy, amongst other topics. Learning Paths has been specifically designed for schools and educators, and explores a topic at length, such as the Spanish Civil War, with suggestions of how to use the primary source material available. The site also features a timeline of events, from 1800 to 1995, a bibliography, and links to relevant websites.
The website for the Cold War International History Project (CWIHP) was set up by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington D.C. in 1991. The aim of the project is to disseminate new information and perspectives on the history of the Cold War. The project is especially interested in material which was previously inaccessible in the former Eastern Block countries. The CWIHP intends to achieve their aim through publications, fellowships, scholarly meetings and conferences, and through the Web. The CWIHP aims to support the release of materials by governments on all sides of the Cold War. In order to make these documents widely available the website hosts a virtual archive/document library of material relating to the Cold War. It is possible to browse the document library in a variety of ways - including subject, such as the Marshall Plan, or the Korean War, and also to carry out basic and advanced searches. All the documents have been fully indexed to aid searching. The document library is easy to browse or search and the source of all the documents is clearly stated. The document library provides a valuable source of primary material relating to the Cold War. The CWIHP website also holds details of conferences and workshops being held, press releases, publications, new initiatives, details of their mailing list and a set of relevant links is currently being developed. CWIHP also supports an online discussion group for which registration is required.
This website, concerned with the history of the Cold War, was created by Steven E. Schoenherr, Professor of History at the University of San Diego, California. Cold War Policies charts the history of the Cold War from the Yalta Conference in 1945 to its aftermath in the late 1990s. The content is arranged in a comprehensive narrative timeline with integrated links to full-text documents, images and relevant articles. Additionally included on the site is a bibliography, a collection of maps, a filmography, and a selection of links to other websites which deal with Cold War history. This site is simply designed and easy to navigate.
The site of Collegium Budapest provides detailed insight into the research conducted by fellows of this institute of advanced study established in Budapest, Hungary, in 1992. The Collegium Budapest promotes a wide range of topics in modern history, issues in contemporary sociology and demography, post-socialist transition, cultural theory, economics, physics, computer sciences or biology. Detailed information on the history of the institution; its aims; scientific board; funding opportunities; fellowships; and current and former research projects is available on the website. Consistent and up-to-date information is offered about the calendar of academic events, fellows, their research interests, and publications. Publications of the fellows as well as a newsletter archive can be viewed. The electronic catalogue of the library can be accessed from the main site. Search functions enable exploration of the entire content of the site or a search for individual fellows by name.
The "Communist Chronicles" website is a journal published by a group of Norwegian academics, and aims to make available historical documents relating to the history of communism. In particular the resources available on the site deal with the Cold War, and the Communist Party in Norway. The first issue contains documents concerned with the relations between the CPSU and the Norwegian Communist Party (NKP) for the years 1945-47. Most documents have been derived from the Russian State Archive of Social and Political History (RGASPI), and all have been translated into English. Also available are CPSU documents from 1948-1953, many of which refer to Peder Furubotn, and a selection of Furubotn's articles and recollections. The site has not been updated since 2002 but the material is of use to researchers and students of Soviet history.
The Communist History Network Newsletter is a twice-yearly electronic and print publication covering all aspects of current historical research into the life and work of communists and communist parties across the world. Running back to 1996 and based in Manchester, the Newsletter has particular interests in communist politics in Britain and other English-speaking countries. The CHNN serves both as a means of contact between researchers working in the area of communist history and as a forum for disseminating the results of new research. The Newsletter includes: reports on conferences, recently completed theses and 'work in progress'; details on new archival findings and other sources; and reviews of new publications in the field. It is available online in html, Word and PDF formats, and can also be ordered in print.
This site provides access to the full-text of all issues of the Communist History Network Newsletter from 1996 to 2008. Each issue contains articles, book reviews, reviews of websites, details on new publications and recent research relating to all aspects of the worldwide history of communism. This includes coverage of the history of the British Communist party, socialist history, working class movements, Communist government in Russia, the Bolsheviks and Russian politics. The archive is searchable by keyword. After 2009 the journal was superceded by Twentieth Century Communism: a journal of international history
The website The Communist Nations Since 1917 is an online version of a work by the much-respected Professor Anna Cienciala of the University of Kansas. This is a useful site for students of History, Politics, or regional studies. It explains the nature of the Communist regimes in East and Central Europe in comparison with those of China, North Korea, the Caribbean, Central America, Africa and the Middle East. The aim of the text, as the author points out, is to provide "a historical background" to the communist states before 1917, and then to trace their development throughout the twentieth century. The work was born out of lecture outlines and has been updated as events have merited it. The website is, in reality a book placed online, and therefore employs a similar format. Chapters address subjects such as: Marxism; the Russian Revolutions; Soviet Russia; Polish-Soviet War; Cold War; China since 1949; and Nationalism and Communism in Africa, the Middle East and Afghanistan. The themes pertinent to the examination of Communism are woven into individual national narratives.
This website provides access to four PDF files chronicling world history from '130,000 years ago to the eve of AD 2000'. The information itself is presented in a chronological fashion: a time-line of events runs through the text, with information on dates and on specific events of importance. The PDF files are quite large, numbering in the hundreds of pages. The four chapters, written by Dr Frank P. King are: Volume I: The Rise of Civilizations and Cultures; Volume II: Rennaisance to Revolution; Volume III: The Reach for Power; and Volume IV: The Century of Great Violence. This website will probably be of most use to early undergraduates who wish to gain a greater understanding of the significant events over a longer period of time. The information is accurate and informative, but there is not enough depth to entice more experienced or focused students. Nevertheless, a wide-ranging chronological history such as this is a valuable and useful resource for historians.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Computer Analysis by Multidimensional Scaling of House of Commons Division Lists, 1861' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To test the usefulness and adaptability of multidimensional scaling by applying it to the analysis of Commons' Division Lists for one parliamentary session, 1861; to test for groupings of M.P.s by forming maps of similarity of voting behaviour. The data is available to order from the HDS as a plain text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of (for each Member of Parliament in each division of the House of Commons, 1861): whether he voted AYE or NO or did not vote; and whether he was teller for the AYES or NOES; and whether he could not vote (e.g. was not yet a member, dead, elevated to the peerage). Other variables such as each M.P.'s supposed party allegiance, personal details, constituency, etc. were collected.
The Concise History of the British Newspaper, a website by the British Library, details more than 200 key dates in the history of British newspaper publishing and the newspaper industry. The site is illustrated with images from the British Library's newspaper collections, and entries range from the publication in Amsterdam on 2nd December 1620 of the first coranto in the English language, to recent events such as the launch on 16th March 1999 of Metro, a daily newspaper distributed free to travellers on the London Underground. The site can be browsed by century or searched by keyword, and is intended as a standard reference point for students and academics researching newspaper publishing and printing history.
A Concrete Curtain: The Life and Death of the Berlin Wall is a website created by the Caen Memorial and the Deutsches Historisches Museum of Berlin for the 10th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. The site can be viewed in English, French or German, and provides a good introduction to the circumstances surrounding the wall and its 28-year history. In six chapters illustrated by photographs and maps, the site covers the history of Berlin during the Cold War, including the immediate post-war period, the Berlin Blockade, the 1958 crisis, the erection of the wall in 1961, the fall of the Iron Curtain with perestroika and glasnost, and the dismantling of the wall in 1989 and the reunification of East and West Germany. Also on the site is a gallery of artwork and murals painted on the Berlin Wall, a timeline of events and a bibliography of further reading.
The website "Constituting the German Nation: the Construction of National Identity Through Constitutional Theory and Practice, 1898-1998" describes a project at Kings College London, which ran from 2001 to 2004 under the direction of Professor Christopher Thornhill and Dr Jan Palmowski. This interdisciplinary project aimed to examine one of the key themes in twentieth century German history - national identity through an examination of constitutional development. German identities were investigated for the significant years 1918, 1933, and 1945. The website features information on the overall aims of the project; research carried out by individual members of the team; and public lectures organised as part of the project. The methodology is comprehensively explained along with descriptions of smaller projects such as those on integration and polarization 1898-1930 and the FRG (Federal Republic of Germany). This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the research grants scheme. As of the most recent review, this site is now archived and its security certificate is out of date.
Constitution Finder is a site with online collections of constitutions from all over the world. It is maintained by members of the School of Law at the University of Richmond. While the site is constructed with those studying law in mind, it is also valuable as a sourcebook for legal and constitutional historians. The site aims at comprehensive listing of all constitutions which the project's staff can gather. These include codes currently in effect, draft versions not yet in effect, amendments, and defunct constitutions. The list is not complete; for example, the entry for Austria does not include the settlement with Hungary of 1867. Navigation is clear: countries are listed in alphabetical order, and the site visitor will find the full-texts of historical constitutions and the current charter for each nation. Some texts are part of the site; some links lead to outside sources where the document is provided. In some cases, these charters are provided in their original (often an imperial language, not necessarily a national language) language, together with English translations. In other cases, only the English translation is available.
This website aims to provide discussion on the nature of the United States' constitution and its current status in American government and law. The website is very simple to navigate, with discussion split into several subsections (for example: political reform; legal reform; citizen action; basic principles; rights, powers and duties; abuses and usurpations; founding documents; and so on). The site's main aim is to campaign to try to restore what it sees as the 'natural' balance of the American constitution in the face of misunderstanding, misreading or misrepresentation of the original documents. As a result, the site is rather biased and users should keep this in mind when reading through. Nevertheless, the discussion available - as well as a number of resources on the American constitution and legal history - are worthwhile and interesting. Many of the links available lead to other, different, Web pages; there is an easy-to-use key to determining from where each of the articles are available.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Contentious Gatherings in Britain, 1758-1834' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). This study records discontinuous, concerted, contentious forms of collective action occurring in the London region from 1758 to 1820 and in Britain as a whole from 1828 to 1834. These contentious gatherings are defined as occasions on which at least ten or more persons assembled in a publicly-accessible place and either by word or deed made claims that would, if realized, affect the interests of some person or group outside their own number. In the world of eighteenth and nineteenth century Britain such gatherings would include almost every event that an observer or historian would label disturbance, disorder, riot, or protest in addition to the numberous meetings, rallies, marches, processions, celebrations, and other sanctioned assemblies during which people made claims. One of the aims of the principal investigators was to study the structure of debate and political action among citizens in a major Western state during a period of transition to the more formal methods of modern popular collective action such as voting, petitioning and participation in special-interest associations. The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
Conversations with History was started in 1982 by Henry Kreisler of the Institute of International Studies at the University of California at Berkeley. The aim of the series is to capture and preserve intellectual ideas by interviewing prominent figures about their lives and work. Conversations with History includes over 200 interviews which are being put onto the website in both text and video formats. Subjects for interview include diplomats, statesmen, soldiers, economists, political analysts, scientists, historians, writers, foreign correspondents, activists and artists. The interviews aim to include discussions of political, economic, military, legal, cultural and social issues which shape the world. The interviews can be browsed by guest name, profession, topic or date.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Correlates of War Project: International and Civil War Data, 1816-1992 (Wages of War)" dataset hosted by the Economic ans Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This data collection describes international and civil wars for the years 1816-1992. This data collection consists of two files: Part 1, the International Wars file, describes the experience of each interstate member in each war. The unit of analysis is the participant in a particular conflict. When and where each interstate member fought is coded, along with battle and total deaths, pre-war population and armed forces, and whether the member in question initiated the conflict. Each war is characterized as interstate, colonial, or imperial, and major power status and/or central system membership of the warring parties is noted. Part 2, the Civil Wars file, describes when and where fighting took place, whether the war was fought within the boundaries of a major power or central system member, whether there was outside intervention and, if so, whether the intervening state was a major power, on what side they intervened, who won the war, number of battle deaths, total population, and total number of pre-war armed forces.
Cotton Times provides a basic outline of some of the events, conditions and personalities of the Industrial Revolution. The site has been divided into various main sections, and also has an introduction, list of links and a short bibliography. The first section of this site has a time-line which provides an outline of major events from 1730-1870. Other sections have details of inventors and their inventions, and prominent figures of the period. As well as providing information on the leading figures of the Industrial Revolution the site has details on the workers and their living conditions. Information about the rapidly growing transport system is also available. The events section covers uprisings and movements such as the Luddite Riots, the Peterloo Massacre and the Chartist Movement. It is possible to search the site and it is easy to browse.
This website makes available the full text of papers presented at an ongoing series of multidisciplinary conferences, organised by the University of the West Indies School of Continuing Studies, which are held in the non-campus countries of the anglophone Caribbean. The first conference took place in 2000 in St Kitts and Nevis. Papers featured here are mostly from historical, literary, or social science perspectives; each conference takes its host country as the main theme. As such, users will find papers on, for example: the Spanish language in Antigua and Barbuda; identity and ethnicity in Belize; the visual arts in Grenada; constitutional modernisation in Montserrat and the Cayman Islands; and liberalised radio broadcasting in St Vincent and the Grenadines. The papers from a 2004 conference on the life and works of Jean Rhys are also available, together with links to full-text articles and other useful online resources for the study of this Dominican-born writer. Other general resources on the site include an annotated bibliography of humanities and social science works on Grenada published between 1763 and 1950, and a biography of T.A. Marryshow (1887-1958), one of the key figures in Grenada's political history, and the West Indies Federation.
Crime, Histoire & Societes / Crime, History & Societies is a scholarly ejournal, published by the International Association for the History of Crime and Criminal Justice. It is published in French and English. There are many English language articles available, and these are currently freely available in full-text form from 1997 - 2004. At May 2009, more recent articles (from 2005 to 2009) are available only to subscribers. Example free articles in English include: 'A decline in violence in Ireland? Crime, policing and social relations, 1860-1914'; 'The Politics of the Rising Crime Statistics of England and Wales, 1914-1960'; 'Popular representations of crime: the crime broadside - a subculture of violence in Victorian Britain?'; and 'Images of Poverty and Crime: Police Memoirs in England and France at the end of the nineteenth Century', among many others. The website has details of the Editor, Board of Editors, Advisory Board, and contact details for submissions. There are also RSS newsfeeds available.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Cross-National Data Analysis Learning Package, 1919-1939' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). This dataset was developed to introduce students to cross-national political data analysis. Cross-sectional data are available in the form of 72 variables for 108 nations. Time series data are available in the form of 12 variables for 60 nations, 1919-1939. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Cross-National Time Series, 1815-1973' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, so further information is supplied giving instructions. A longitudinal national data series for 167 nations. The present dataset represents an expansion both of temporal coverage and of substantive variable categories from the earlier Cross Polity Time Series dataset (ICPSR 5002) by the Center for Comparative Political Research, State University of New York (Binghampton). General areas included among the 169 variables now available are demographic, social, political, and economic topics. The dataset consists of 8,985 cases, which represent nation-year observations.
This site is maintained by the National Security Archive, George Washington University and provides access to a collection of primary resource materials and secondary commentary relating to the Cuban Missile Crisis and its importance with regard to the history of the Cold War. It includes a chronology of the main events, photographs and audiofiles of key speeches by President John F. Kennedy. It is possible to access the full-text of a number of declassified US government documents, official papers, letters and memoranda. The site also contains analyses of the documents by leading historians. The site features details of pertinent publications on the subject and of the fortieth anniversary conference held in 2002.
Scotland's Past is a website providing an overview of Scottish history from prehistoric times through to the end of the 20th century. This easy to use website provides information on much of Scotland's past by providing a click-through time-line running down the left-hand side of the page (the 'themes' included in the time-line range from: the Picts and Scots; the Vikings; and Robert the Bruce, through to James VII (and II of England); the Darien Project; the Act of Union (1707); and Scotland in the twentieth century). The website's coverage is quite broad, but there is nevertheless a significant amount of information under each heading. Perhaps the greatest strength is the links provided to various books on each theme. Users should be a little wary of some biases in the website, however: as is quite common in Scottish history compiled by non-academic writers, there is somewhat of an anti-English slant to the discussion. This is only very mild, however, and does not detract from the site's usefulness. This website will work well as an introduction to Scottish history in general, and as a starting point for compiling bibliographies/reading lists on a number of Scottish topics.
The website 'Czech and Slovak staged photography' is a substantial online exhibition that provides a useful overview of the subject of dissident staged photography under communism, when "Czech and Slovak artists were escapists and surrealists - dreaming themselves into other realities and making photographic documents of them. Some of them say they are making pataphysical theatre - theatre of the absurd performed for the camera." The website offers a short preface by Anne Arden McDonald, and online galleries of pictures by 12 photographers. The site is archived.
DANGO is an AHRC-funded database containing details of the archives of some 1783 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and campaign groups active in British civil society since 1945. Of interest to those studying, for example, the history of politics, protest, aid movements and the voluntary sector, this database is an invaluable tool for locating hard to find source material. In addition to the database itself, which can searched and browsed, the website includes useful resources for those researching NGOs as well as for NGOs looking to conserve their archives. The website also includes details of the associated Leverhulme Trust-funded project 'NGO UK, Non-Governmental Organisations 1945-97' which "examines the history of NGOs in Britain since 1945".
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Danish Politicians : Members of the Landsting, 1849-1953' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (HDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). An investigation of the composition of the Landsting, and the recruitment of Landsting members, in the period 1849-1953. The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Danish Politicians : Ministers, 1848-1968' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To analyse the recruitment of Danish ministers in the period 1848-1868. The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Danish Politicians : the MP Archive, 1849-1968' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). Analysis of the recruitment process and of the social and cultural background of the Danish legislative elite from 1849 to 1968. The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Database of Irish Historical Statistics : Population, 1821-1911" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The purpose of the project was to provide machine-readable economic and social history statistics relating to the whole of Ireland for the period 1821-1971. The main tables are: Total population grouped by baronies and gender. Also includes the area of each barony (1821-1891). Total population grouped by electoral divisions and gender. Also includes the area and valuation of each electoral division (1841-1861). Total population grouped by poor law unions and gender. Also includes the area and valuation of each poor law unions (1841-1901). Total population grouped by poor law unions and counties and gender. Also includes the area and valuation of each poor law unions (1841-1901).
This is an online exhibition about the life of David Lloyd George, the Liberal politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom between 1916 and 1922. The exhibition is divided into 36 separate sections covering different aspects or episodes of Lloyd George's life, from describing his parents and his childhood in his home town of Llanystumdwy, to his death and funeral. Each section consists of a short text introduction and several digitised photographs. Other historical sources are quoted where they help illuminate Lloyd George's position, or the opposition to his ideas.The exhibition was staged in 1995 by the National Library of Wales, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Lloyd George's death. The site is aimed primarily at the public, although historians may find some useful information here, and the photographs provide good illustrative materials.
De Gaulle and Gaullism is a web page written by Tony McNeill, a senior lecturer in French as the University of Sunderland. This broad overview of the life and work of Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970) forms part of a course taught by Mr McNeill. The text offers a good introduction to the political ideology of De Gaulle and how he began to be seen as the 'saviour' of modern France after the Nazi occupation of the early 1940s. Information is given about de Gaulle's 'grand design' for France in the post-war period and during US-USSR global dominance in the Cold War. Events covered include: the Algerian War of Independence 1954-1962; rapprochement with West Germany; blocked UK's attempts at entering the Common Market in 1963 and 1966; withdraw from NATO; and the development of French nuclear capabilities. Bibliographic references are given to find further information.
The website of De Re Militari (the Society for Medieval Military History) makes available a collection of full-text articles, both specially commissioned and reproduced from scholarly journals, together with selected chapters from monographs and postgraduate dissertations. These full-text secondary sources are complemented by a bibliography of new and forthcoming works in the field and a series of book reviews. The site also includes primary source material for military historians of the middle ages, ranging from chronicle extracts (e.g. Howden and Orderic Vitalis) to royal writs and letters, a message board and details of forthcoming conferences and events. The website is highly respected amongst Medieval military historians and is a very valuable asset.
The Library of Congress website has a number of online exhibitions of which Declaring Independence: Drafting the Documents is one. The site provides a short exhibition on the drafting of the Declaration of Independence. The site has a chronology listing events from 7th June 1776 to 18th January 1777 and a narrative of the drafting of the documents. A selection of primary source documents are also featured on the site. There are five text documents (three hand-written and two printed) which are available both as facsimile images and as transcriptions. These documents include a fragment of the earliest known draft of the Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson in June 1776. The site also has three copies of prints of events relating to the Declaration of Independence. The site is now archived.
The Democracy in America website provides access to a full-text electronic version of Alexis de Tocqueville’s Democracy in America, and also explores issues raised in and relating to the book. The site has been created by the American Studies Program at the University of Virginia and presents an interesting variety of information. The available information is divided into the following sections: tour of de Tocqueville’s America in 1831; de Tocqueville’s America in 1997; race in 1831; everyday life in 1831; American religion in 1831; American women 1820-1842; European perspectives on American democracy; representative voices: de Tocqueville’s informants; inland navigation – connecting the New Republic; the Hudson River – a new American landscape; the new American character: Southwestern humorists; the Grand Tour comes home; European Travelers in America: 1830-1840; and mapping America: the 1840 Census.
Desafectos is a peer-reviewed electronic journal which publishes scholarly articles relating to modern history. The journal focuses primarily but not exclusively on European history, and the Iberian peninsula in particular. Contributions are in either Catalan or Spanish (Castilian). Online since 2000, users will find a range of interesting articles on such areas as: the development of the modern university in Spain with particular reference to Barcelona; Franco and fascism; and the development model of contemporary cities and how this model was contested in Catalunya and Valencia by use of a more ecological view. The journal also features specialist dossiers, book reviews, a discussion forum and a fairly good collection of links to related online resources. Users should note that some of the pages within the main journal site were not accessible at the time of cataloguing.
The "Dictionary of Labour Biography" grew out of a project initially envisaged as a Who's Who of the Labour Party begun by G.D.H.Cole. It is of use to anyone interested in the Labour Party, or British history or politics. The project has published ten volumes of the dictionary and is now also concentrating on an electronic version. The website provides an overview of the project, the team of researchers and editors, and the dictionary's history. There are sample entries on the site that consist of biographies of the subjects, a list of primary and secondary sources used and the author of the entry.The site is easy to navigate and there is a search engine to locate entries and an alphabetical list of entries. There is a useful page of links to other sources of histories of the Labour party. The dictionary received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Digest of Welsh Historical Statistics : Local Government, 1748-1974' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to download as a compressed (zip) file. This is a machine-readable version of part of John Williams' ‘Digest of Welsh Historical and is intended to provide a service for those working on the history of modern Wales. The main tables are: Poor law expenditure and receipts, 1748-1937; Number of paupers relieved, indoor and outdoor, 1840-1939; Income, by county, 1792-1937; Expenditure, by county, 1792-1937; Income and expenditure, 1957-1974; Expenditure on highways, 1812-1914; police, 1857-1914; and education, 1903-1914.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Digest of Welsh Historical Statistics : Tourism, Parliamentary Elections, Social Services and Crime, 1805-1975' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to download as a compressed (zip) file. This is a machine-readable version of part of John Williams' ‘Digest of Welsh Historical and is intended to provide a service for those working on the history of modern Wales. The main tables are: Tourism. Percentage of British holiday-makers staying in each country for one night or more on holidays in Great Britain; Election results. All parliamentary elections and by-elections, 1832-1974; Health Service. Number of doctors and persons supplying drugs, for insured persons, 1918-1974; Health Service. Number of medical and dental practitioners, and number of hospital staff, 1949-1974; Health Service. Hospitals. Number of beds, available and occupied, 1931-1938, 1948-1975; and number of out-patients, 1948-1975; Health Service. Gross expenditure, by category, 1950-1975; Health Service. Local authority services, number of users etc., 1931-1975; Social Services. Non-contributory pensions, number payable, 1909-1965; National assistance, number of cases, 1936-1965; Supplementary benefits, number in payment, 1966-1974; Social Services. Contributory pensions, benefits and allowances, 1926-1975; Social Services. National health insurance, receipts, etc., 1912-1944; claims and insured persons absent from work, 1949-1975; Social Services. Family allowances. Number of families receiving and number of children for whom allowances were paid, 1948-1975; Crime. Indictable offences known to police, 1857-1974; persons prosecuted for non-indictable offences, 1893-1974; Crime. Assizes and Quarter Sessions. Number of persons brought for trial, 1805-1974; offences classified, 1834-1918; number convicted, 1834-1874; Crime. Courts of summary jurisdiction. Number brought for trial, 1857-1918; number a) tried and b) found guilty of indictable offences 1893-1918, 1949-1974; Public utilities. Tramways, 1880-1938; Public utilities. Gas, 1882-1939
This website, from the Mississippi State University Libraries, presents online access to six different collections on American and Mississippian history. 'The MSU Libraries have initiated a number of digital projects to preserve unique collections and make them more readily accessible. Researchers, students and faculty exploring the digital collections will find sheet music from the Charles H. Templeton, Sr. Sheet Music Collection, digitized items from the Congressional and Political Research Center, and a variety of images and materials found in the CHARM Project.' The website is excellently designed and provides both a vast amount of primary source collections and an interesting and essential narrative and description on a number of the items.
DISA is based at the Campbell Collections of the University of Natal and aims to make available to scholars information about the social and political history of South Africa. This includes topics relating to Apartheid, black civil rights and the work of the African National Congress (ANC). It currently provides access to a selection of full-text digitised journals from the post 1945 period, many of which were banned by the Apartheid government for presenting opposition political views. They include materials published by South African churches, civil rights movements, Inkatha Freedom Party and the ANC. The site also contains information about the future development of the project and digital imaging technology.
The Diplomatarium Norvegicum site makes available volumes I-XXI of a vast collection of Norwegian official documents from the period 1050 to 1590. The process of collecting and indexing the documents began 150 years ago and there are now 190,000 documents available both in print and online. A specially designed search tool - that accepts Norse or Latin - facilitates use of the site, making this resource invaluable for Medievalists working on material related to Norway and its neighbours. Users can search for diplomas by: year or place of issue; volume or page number; or keyword. The editor concedes that there are some errors in the texts, but users are invited to contact the editor with suggestions and corrections.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Diplomatic Exchange Data, 1815-1970' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. For each international system member, the presence or absence at five year intervals of a diplomatic mission from every other system member is coded.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Diplomatic Exchange Data, 1815-1970' dataset hosted by the History Data Service (HDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. For each international system member, the presence or absence at five year intervals of a diplomatic mission from every other system member is coded.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Diplomatic Missions Received by Each International System Member, 1817-1970' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. For each international system member, the number of missions received, the particular nations sending missions and the rank of mission from each nation are coded. Data are recorded at approximately five year intervals beginning in 1817.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Dissension in the House of Commons, 1924 and 1929-1931' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The research aimed to analyse the voting behaviour of MPs (especially Labour) in the House of Commons during the Labour Governments of 1924 and 1929-1931. Every division (vote) was examined to determine levels of dissent within the Labour, Conservative and Liberal parliamentary parties in the period, with the primary focus on the Labour party. The data enable comparison of the levels of Labour dissent in the 1924 and 1929-1931 Labour Governments with those of post-war Labour Governments. The dataset covers 199 divisions in the 1924 Parliament (excluding two divisions at the beginning of the Parliament when Stanley Baldwin attempted to form a minority Conservative administration), and 948 divisions from 1929 to 1931 (excluding the 57 divisions at the end of the Parliament when a National Government was formed from 24th August 1931 until 6th October 1931, division numbers 465-521). It records every dissenting vote cast by MPs from the three main political parties. The definition of intra-party dissent encompasses those occasions when one or more Labour, Conservative or Liberal Members votes against their own party whip or the apparently clear wishes (sometimes implicit) of their own front bench, The analysis excludes votes on matters of private legislation, private members' bill (except when parties have issued instructions on how to vote), matters internal to the House of Commons, and other free votes.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Distributions of Individuals by Type of Occupation in 54 Cities in Britain, 1820s and 1840s" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data were gathered to provide a model illustrating concentrated and deconcentrated interests and successful lobbying. Data on hundreds of various occupational types, gathered from commercial directories and court directories for nineteenth century British cities and towns, were grouped into fifteen categories. Data on Anti-Corn Law League subscriptions were obtained from two published sources.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Disturbances in France, 1830-1860 and 1930-1960: Intensive Sample' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This detailed study of 578 disturbances in France in the period 1830-1860 and 1930-1960 provides information on the geographic, economic, political, demographic, and historical background for each of the communes involved in the disturbances. Data for the formations, a collective of forces comprising of at least 50 persons in each collective, provide information on their social, economic, and political background, population characteristics, type of formation, age-sex distribution of the formations, and the political party affiliation of its members. The antecedent history of the disturbances is also given, including public memory of previous conflicts, forms of and responses to violence, interactions with other formations, character and clarity of objectives, and extent of territory controlled. Data on the organization of each formation is provided for the leadership, coordination, segmentation, stratification, and differentiation of the formation, as well as the extent of participation in man-days, and the numbers of participants in the disturbances arrested, killed, or wounded. Information is also provided on the outcome of the disturbance and changes resulting from participation in the disturbances. Additional variables provide detailed descriptions of the magnitude, duration, objectives, and immediate consequences of the disturbances. Variables also describe the newspaper, archival, and secondary sources used in the coding of the data collection. The main topics include the following information about the sampled disturbances, and details of the formations involved in them. Disturbances: Political, geographical and economic characteristics of the area in which the disturbance took place; Antecedents of violent disturbances in the area; Immediate background to the disturbance; Catalyst for violence; Reporting on violent disturbances; Public memory of violent disturbances; Forms of violence; Duration of disturbances; Numbers killed, wounded and arrested; Details of damaged property; Sequence and magnitude of disturbances; Formations: Number of pariticipants in formations; Composition of participants in formations (sex, age, birthplace, occupation); Political affiliation of formations; Legality of formations; Links between formations; Objectives of formations; Territory controlled by formations; Leadership and organization of formations; Divisions between antagonistic formations; Details of subformations.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Divisions of the House of Commons, 1841-1847' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as SPSS portable files or Tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. To study the social and economic composition of Parliament (1841 - 1847) and the political behaviour of the men who sat in it. The main Topics include: Topic and date of division, party alignment for each division, use of whips, total votes, party votes. The number of Ayes and Noes for the whole Parliament and for each of the two main party groups. The P-value (the 220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.151.157.156ting negative) for the whole Parliament, the Conservatives, the Liberals, and the two main groups within the Conservatives, those who were not Peelites and those who were: and a summary statistic showing the proportion voting negative for each of these five groups. The fit of each division (if it did fit) in each of the 24 scales used in the project.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Docquets of Lord Keeper Coventry, 1625-1640' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited ASCII files. From this Web page you also may download a PDF of images of the study documentation, and a Word (doc format) guide to the data structure. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The aim of the project was to provide a calendar of all items in the Birmingham Reference Library's collection of the official papers of the Lord Keeper Thomas Coventry for use alongside Public Record Office sources for Chancery activities, and as a finding aid for individuals and grants within the Patent Rolls. The data catalogue 18900 documents representing the office copy of grants, patents, licences and commissions issued under the Great Seal by the Lord Keeper, Thomas Coventry, 1625-1640. There are 60 classes of docquet, of which the most numerous are Licences of Alienation (3960), Presentations of Benefices (1404), Commissions of Bankruptcy (1085), Commissions of Rebellion (1008) and Exemplifications (982). Also included are appointments to court offices, monopolies, leases of lands and appointments of justices of the peace, sheriffs and escheators.
The website 'Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention 1774-1789' provides access to full-text documents from the Constitutional Congress Broadside Collection and the Constitutional Convention Broadside Collection in the Library of Congress. The documents are transcriptions of the originals and full bibliographic information is provided for each document. A facsimile image of at least one page of each original document is included on the site. The Constitutional Congress Broadside Collection consists of 253 titles which relate to the work of Congress from 1774 to 1788, although the majority of the material dates from 1781 to 1788. The types of material included in this section are: extracts of the journals of Congress; resolutions; treaties; proclamations; committee reports; and other proceedings of Congress. The Constitutional Convention Broadside Collection consists of 21 titles dating from between 1786 and 1789. The types of documents included in this collection are extracts of proceedings of state assemblies and conventions related to the ratification of the Constitution, as well as several essays on ratification. It is possible to search the documents by keyword or to browse the documents. Other features of the site include: timelines; a selected bibliography; and a related resources section.
An enormous amount of detailed information is provided about Domesday Book on this website from The National Archives, which should be the starting point for anyone wanting to find out more about this unique eleventh century document. The website is attractively illustrated, with an extensive glossary of terms and is suitable for users at all levels. It is largely free to use, although via a link to Documents Online users can search for people, places and specific folios in Domesday Book and pay to download colour images of the text or a translation. The Discover Domesday section provides detailed information about the creation of this document, how the entries can be interpreted and the insight it gives into eleventh century England. It examines the legacy of Domesday Book and considers the various editions that have been published. The World of Domesday pages set the document in the context of eleventh century society, providing information about economic, political and religious life. For schools, the Focus on Domesday section explains the story behind the document and how it was made; it includes a 'snapshot lesson' with tasks for pupils, video clips and teachers' notes. There is a quiz, game and a link to an online bookstore. Councils and tourist information centres can download a Domesday logo. The size of this website can be overwhelming and an improved layout and editing of duplicated information would be welcome.
The Domesday Book online is apparently an amateur website which provides information about the background and content of the Domesday Book. The site has the following sections: What is Domesday Book, Making Domesday Book, Great and Little Domesday Book, Landholders in the Domesday Book; Life in the Eleventh Century and William the Conqueror. There is a timeline, FAQs and a glossary. The information is probably best suited for students new to Domesday Book. The site contains adverts for companies selling products related to Domesday Book.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the XXXX dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS. From this Web page you may download a text file giving information about the card image data. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. Information about domestic conflict for 111 countries was collected for the years 1919-1939 and 1946-1966. The variables record the occurrence of riots, demonstrations, and guerrilla war. Data exist for 42 years on 52 countries, and there are data for less than 42 years on 59 countries. Data may be obtained in either of two formats: nations as cases or nation/years as cases. In the first format a case would be Canada and variables would be riots-1919, riots-1920, riots-1921, etc. In the second format, Canada-1919 is a case, and riots appears as a variable with Canada-1919 being recorded as a second case.
The Documentaries on Modern International Conflict (DOMIC) project provides detailed descriptions of the research archives for ten TV documentary series. The collections are held by the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King's College London. The collections deal with Vietnam, the Falklands War, the Gulf Wars, the Cold War, the Arab-Israeli Wars, conflict in the former Yugoslavia, chemical and biological testing and the development of nuclear technology and its impact on international relations and defence policies.In total, the collections cover 92,000 separate items. Collection descriptions are comprehensive and thorough, although individual items are described only briefly. A search engine is provided within each collection (but not on the main page).As well as being of obvious application to studies dealing with international politics, peacekeeping, ethnicity, and technology, the project's authors hope the archives will also prove useful to media researchers and those interested in interview techniques. Modern military historians should find plenty of interesting sources amongst the archived materials.The DOMIC project received funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP).
'Drawing Conclusions' is a full-text thesis by Lachlan R. Moyle entitled, "Drawing Conclusions: An imagological survey of Britain and the British and Germany and the Germans in German and British cartoons and caricatures, 1945-2000". It is available online for download in PDF form. Moyle completed the thesis in 2004 at the Universität Osnabrück (University of Osnabruck) in Germany. There is a substantial bibliography, but the thesis is not illustrated. Researchers and postgraduates will find Moyle's discussion of analytical methodology to complement this survey of German and British mutual perspectives as they interacted through the latter half of the twentieth century.
The website D'rawn sword: engravings and woodcuts from the MacBean Jacobite and Stuart' collection provides access to approximately 1,300 loose engravings and woodcuts that form part of the MacBean Collection. The MacBean Stuart and Jacobite Collection (at the University of Aberdeen Library) includes about 3,500 books and 1,000 pamphlets covering every aspect of the Jacobite rebellions, their causes and effects, and the personalities (royal, national and local) involved. Moreover, the Collection offers much promising background material for research into many aspects of the late-17th or 18th centuries. Each image in the collection is accompanied by a caption detailing the subject and, where known, the artist, engraver and printer. The image captions are searchable. However, search results are sometimes drawn from other collections in the Library which can be confusing. You may also browse collection although only by item reference number which is not particularly useful.
'E-journal of International History' (eJIH) was a free full-text ejournal, published by The Institute of Historical Research at the Centre for Contemporary British History. eJIH was an RAE-approved publication. At January 2009 there are 9 issues online, and the journal appears to have run between 2000 and 2005. Each issue contains a single but substantial 10,000-word academic paper, with the focus on British history in international context. Example titles are: 'From Tribal Rebellions to Revolution: British Counter-Insurgency Operations in Southwest Arabia 1955-67'; 'The Romance of Decline: The Historiography of Appeasement and British National Identity'; and 'The Other Other Missiles of October: The Thor IRBMs and the Cuban Missile Crisis', among others. The website has details of the editor, details of the scope of the journal, and details of the submission process, although it seems possible it has since been replaced by the commericial journal 'Twentieth Century British History'.
Early British Kingdoms is a website concerned with Britain in the post-Roman age, commonly known as the Dark Ages. Authored by a professional historian, Early British Kingdoms looks at the various nations and kingdoms in Britain from the 5th to the 10th centuries. The site offers a large amount of reference material on the individual kingdoms, including: maps; chronologies; biographies of royal figures and important saints; and royal genealogies. There is also information on: the Saxons; Scots; and Picts, the adversaries of these kingdoms. Early British Kingdoms also looks at important archaeological sites and a range of resources relating to the Arthurian legends. The articles on this site are many and varied, and provide a good introduction to various aspects of Dark-Age Britain for general readers and students alike.
Early Canadiana Online (ECO) is the website of a collaborative research project designed to provide web access to a digital library of primary sources in Canadian history from the first European contact to the early 20th century. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of: literature; women's history; travel and exploration; native studies; and the history of French Canada. The ECO collection is made up of seven individual online collections totalling 3 million pages. After browsing or searching by title, author, subject, or keyword, and finding a text, one may view a scanned image of the page of the volume. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) has been performed on the images to enhance searching and accessing the texts. This site provides access to a vast and extensive collection of resources which should be of great interest to scholars in this field.
This website lists the early Indian Newspapers available at the British Library. It includes details of missing editions from runs, and the name changes and mergers that the papers underwent. There is also a link to a a searchable catalogue of the British Library's holdings. Images of some of the mastheads of the papers may also be viewed at the site. Details are given for how to access hard-copy and microfilm version of the available papers. No actual content is included on the site. This web page will be useful to scholars needing to consult pre-1900 Indian newspapers as it is more informative than a standard electronic catalogue.
The website 'East Central Europe Center' (ECEC) at Columbia University is the home page of this center which offers degree programmes to the MA level and associated programmes to the doctoral level in junction with the Harriman Institute. The site posts all application information and current course descriptions in the fields of anthropology; art history; economics; film; history; international affairs; law; political science; languages and literature (Czech, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, and Ukrainian are offered). Faculty members and their research interests are given, as are their publications in a separate page. Unusually, under the archived video events, the site has a video library of previous lectures delivered by prominent academics, statesmen and stateswomen for download, a sign of the innovation and creativity which has been devoted in the development of this site. Programmes of upcoming and past ECEC internationally-based conferences are provided, as are summer schools and related projects with the affiliated Europeum Institute for European Policy. You can browse various ECEC online newsletters. There are many extensive links pages relevant to funding and the region. The online journal InterMarium can be accessed under the Research section.
This is the site of the "East-Central Europe/L'Europe du centre-est: eine wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift", an annual "scientific review" established in 1974 and currently published by Pasts,Inc. Center for Historical Studies, based at the Central European University in Budapest, Hungary. The journal editors introduce it as "a refereed international journal of the social sciences and the humanities", with its geographic scope covering the region from the Baltic to the Adriatic. The site contains information on the printed journal and the table of contents of past issues, and hosts an online database of book reviews. A call for reviews and the stylistic guidelines for the reviews are present on the page. Navigation through the database can happen through a search by title, author, author of the review and year of publication or by browsing through the categories available on the site (epoch, geographical region, subfield of history). While the printed journal focuses on modern and contemporary history, the online review database covers books written in any language of the region and on any historical period. By creating an account, users can add comments to the existing reviews. Links to history journals with a focus on Eastern-Europe are also provided.
America: History and Life is an journal contents index on American and Canadian history presented online by Ebsco Publishing. Some 1,700 periodicals from 1964 to the present are indexed here; the database also includes references and links to book reviews. Most of the journals listed here are written in English, but non-English articles are included with English abstracts. Lists of the journals are provided in several formats and are organised under a number of topics that will allow users to focus on various themes, from business, to health, to family, among others. Full access to the database requires a user subscription. The site also contains professional information on Web development for publishers and college administrators.
Historical Abstracts is an online research aid prepared by Ebsco Publishing. This site posts a database of journal abstracts from over 1,700 academic periodicals that are devoted to modern world history, from 1450 to the present, excluding the United States and Canada. Most fields of history are covered, from military history, to women's history, to social history; social scientific journals are also represented. The journals whose contents are listed here run from 1955 to the present. A general title list can be viewed in various formats, but the site requires a subscription and user registration for full access to the site's resources. The larger site, of which this site is one part, includes professional information for publishers and college administrators. The academic level of the periodicals will particularly support post-graduate research.
The Economic and Business History section of the WWW Virtual Library, part of the WWW VL History Network, is maintained by the Netherlands Economic History Archive in Amsterdam. It contains links to organisations, archives, libraries, museums, research institutions and resources around the world in the field of economic and social history - especially related to the fields of business. The links include educational resources as well as directories of trade associations, however most content relates to historical study. As well as browsing the links by category and in alphabetical order, it is also possible to search the collection of links, and using the same search engine you can interrogate other resources hosted by the International Institute of Social History, (including: Labour History News; Labour History Journals; LabNet; Asian Labour; Dutch Company Archives; Women's History; Digital Social History; Alternative Germany; Russian Archives; Communist Posters; and Art to the People). Although this resource is presented in HTML only, the links collected here can be viewed using a Lynx Text Browser, accessible via the History Network's Central Catalogue. The collection is kept up-to-date, and statements such as "New", "Updated" and "Lost" identify recent changes.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'ECPR Party Manifestos Project, 1921-1987 (Comparative Manifestos Project)' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The internal analysis of election programmes (ie. of the concerns and emphases they contain) in both the domestic and the comparative contexts. The data is available to order from the HDS as a SPSS portable file or tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of 59 specially derived issue categories grouped into seven major themes (like external relations, economic policy, social groups). The coding categories are designed, as far as possible, to be comparable both between countries and over time.
Two later versions of this dataset are held by the HDS. However, these versions do not totally supersede this version as the data does not always cover the early dates for all countries, one of the later studies is based on the work of the Manifesto Research Group.
The Edward IV Roll Web pages (part of the Free Library of Philadelphia website) provide an online facsimile of the Edward IV Roll (Free Library of Philadelphia, Rare Books Department, MS Lewis E201). This roll, an illustrated history of the world with a genealogy of Edward IV, was produced circa 1461. This site provides a comprehensive introduction to the roll, aimed at the general public, which serves to contextualise the manuscript. The information is split into eleven sections, which include: a short general introduction; an historical overview, setting the scene of the Wars of the Roses; a short life of Edward IV; discussions of heraldry; and information on banners and badges. Each section provides the interested reader with a short bibliography. The facsimile of the roll is split into six sections, each of which can be viewed as JPEG files in three different sizes. It is also possible to view the whole roll as one complete image. The images are reasonably clear but the resolution is too low to be able to read much of the smaller script from the original. Nonetheless, this is an excellent resource which will appeal to the generalist and the specialist.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Electing John Bull: the Changing Face of British Elections, 1895-1935', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, though to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS: further information is supplied giving instructions. The project studied 11 randomly chosen English constituencies at four General Elections (1895, January 1910, 1922 and 1935). Using the local press and other surviving political sources, the project generated a series of database tables, aiming to establish a clearer chronology for the changing character of electoral politics between 1895 and 1935, and of changing attitudes towards elections and public involvement in politics. The project database contains information about the conduct of 2,427 separate election meetings involving 110 different candidates in 48 contests.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Elections in Western Nations, 1828-1982' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To collect the results of national legislative elections from the beginning of competitive partisan elections to the end of 1982 in 24 countries. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of names of political parties in English; year of election, electorate, valid votes, invalid votes, turnout, total seats in parliament, country, valid votes cast for parties, seats won by party.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Electoral and Demographic Data, 1848-1876 : Massachusetts" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This collection contains electoral and demographic data for Massachusetts counties and cities during 1848-1876. The data for this collection were compiled for a study of electoral changes in Massachusetts politics during the Civil war period and to link these to socio-economic determinants of support for the Republic and Democratic parties.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Electoral Dynamics Files, 1918-1979' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To analyse social alignments since 1918. The data is available to order from the HDS as SPSS Portable files or tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of Parliamentary constituency candidatures and votes for each election in the period 1918 to October 1974, plus census variables related to social class, religiosity, religious sect, industrial sectors, consumption (affluence) levels, socialized versus privatised consumption, unemployment, Welsh language, population density, etc. Census data was taken from the 1921, 1931, 1951 and 1966 census. The main files are arranged by 'constant units', i.e. groups of constituencies which in aggregate had approximately constant boundaries over the 1918-1974 period (or at least expanded their boundaries at a time when very few lived in the expansion zone, etc.).
"Electric Scotland's Scottish History" is a large website offering information on early Scottish history, battles, culture, literature, and music. Famous Scots from Prince Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) and Sir William Wallace are just a couple of the famous Scots that have detailed biographies here. Historical events such as battles, the Viking raiders and settlers, the 1745 Rebellion, and the Highland Clearances are some of the major events described in detail. But the nature of the source material means that stories from Scottish heritage included here range from these major events to those of more local significance. The author has drawn much of this from antiquarian and other copyright free texts of the history of the Highlands and Scotland itself, (by authors that include Rev. J. A. Wylie, C. Thomas Cairney, and James Halliday). There are also many unverified articles from visitors to the site. This is an excellent overview of Scottish and Gaelic culture, language, history, and literature. The author of the site makes no claim to complete accuracy as more modern historical investigations have not contributed significantly, however there are links to other resources online as well as societies and organisations relating to the history and literature of Scotland, and the Scots in north America.
Electronic Enlightenment is a substantial scholarly project of the University of Oxford's Humanities Division, available online via Oxford University Press. This subscription resource offers unrivalled online access to correspondence from the long 18th century (approximately 1688 to 1815, though some earlier and later materials are included). At time of writing, over 53,000 letters and other documents from almost 6,000 correspondents were available, with twice yearly updates promised. The authors include great thinkers such as John Locke; David Hume; Jeremy Bentham; and Adam Smith; plus a host of other scholars; politicians; writers; artists; churchmen; members of the professions; and society figures. The letters are taken from the best critical editions, and feature nearly 230,000 scholarly annotations. Works in a variety of languages (including Italian, French, and German in addition to English) are available, and some of the material is previously unpublished. Users can browse the collection, or make use of the sophisticated search tools. Although still in its early stages, this project should prove a valuable resource to the study of the 18th century across numerous disciplines.
This website presents an online exhibition created by the Center for Renaissance Studies at the Newberry Library, Chicago. It makes available a broad overview of the events of the reign of Elizabeth I and her legacy, and is illustrated with many images of original documents and artefacts. It is a well-designed site and includes interesting information that is likely to be most suitable for general users and school learners, but which may also be of value for college or university students thanks to the images of sources. It covers the following broad subject areas: The Young Elizabeth; Elizabeth the Queen; Sedition and Succession; Elizabeth's England; Europe and America; and Legacy and Legend. Each of these is broken down into smaller sections which deal with all the major aspects of Elizabeth's life and reign, from the Religious Settlement to the Essex Rebellion via Mary Queen of Scots and the Armada. Brief texts are supplemented by pop-up biographies of the historical figures mentioned, and the site also includes genealogical charts which clarify issues of succession. Each image is accompanied by a short comment providing context, and is available in a larger format. The objects depicted include: portraits; manuscript documents; contemporary books and pamphlets; music; seals; prints; maps; and modern film stills. Most of the images do not show a document in full, but there are exceptions, of which the most interesting is probably the scroll depicting the funeral procession of Elizabeth I. In addition, the section covering the Armada is accompanied by a transcription of the famous speech at Tilbury, and the image of William Byrd's 'Lullaby' is accompanied by an audio file of the song. The site also includes: a time-line; suggestions for further reading; a filmography; web resources; suggestions for further listening; and a PDF file of activities for children.
This website provides a wealth of information on the events and lives of people during the Elizabethan era. There is information on: entertainment; biographies of leading/famous Elizabethans (such as Queen Elizabeth I, Mary Queen of Scots, William Shakespeare, Sir Francis Bacon); the age of exploration; clothes; food and drink; sports; music; education; language; medicine; crime and punishment; and the culture of the era. There is also information on the Spanish Armada, and on Spain and Spanish policies of the time. The website is a little awkwardly laid out, and there are many different links to click to get to the desired information, but the breadth of the site's scope makes up for this. This website will be of value to those starting research in the Elizabethan era.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Enclosure in the Southern Counties, 1700-1900" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The purpose of this study was to identify the amounts and types of land affected by both parliamentary and non-parliamentary enclosure in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The dataset represents a small portion of the data collected by the National Enclosure Project since 1972. It covers non-Parliamentary formal agreements in Dorset, Hampshire, East Sussex, West Sussex and Wiltshire; and Parliamentary enclosures in Hampshire and West Sussex. The database includes abstracts of all surviving formal agreements.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Enclosure, Rating, Drainage and Sanitary Maps of England and Wales in Public Archives, 1598-1936" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited ASCII text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The aims of the project were: to ascertain how many enclosure, parochial assessment, drainage and sanitary maps survive in England and Wales; to analyse their cartographic characteristics, including scale, date and mapmaker; to analyse the way in which central and local government and their agencies used maps as instruments with which to implement policy relating to the ownership, use and taxation of land; to analyse regional and temporal variations in the coverage of England and Wales by various types of map; to obtain data on historic parish and township boundaries in England and Wales. The dataset covers all the enclosure, parochial assessment, drainage and sanitary maps of England and Wales which were available for public consultation at the time of data collection (1993-1997). For all maps, the date of the map, its scale, its centroid on the National Grid, its dimensions, its maker (where known) and all details as to the types of information (boundaries, communications, settlement, land use, water features, public boundaries, cadastral information) contained on each map are recorded. It is possible to analyse the data by late nineteenth century county, by date and by type of map.
The website "Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions", is an excellent site compiled by Professor Emeritus James Chastain of Ohio University. The "Springtime of the Nations" encompassed revolution and change from one end of Europe to another, and its comprehension on precisely that broad scale is essential to understand progress of modernity and present-day Europe. This ambitious project has gathered together an international group of historians worldwide, to compile articles and papers on the revolutions. From Sicily to Prussia, the non-existent and partitioned Poland to Ireland, and France to Romania, this is an unprecedented collection of fully European historical acounts. Central, South and East European history is finally located within its context in this remarkable site. The site is simple to use: there are only four sections on the main page: table of contents; table of contributors; advisory editors; and introduction. The entries in the table of contents are listed alphabetically, including events; personalities; countries; theoretical concepts; institutions and so on. There is no search option, thus one has to know quite precisely what to look for in the encylopedia. However, with contributions from eminent historians such as Barbara Jelavich, this site is an excellent resource for all those researching and studying this period, modern history, or the history of revolution.
The end of Europe's Middle Ages website is one of a number of online tutorials published by the Applied History Research Group at the University of Calgary. The tutorial is aimed at undergraduate students studying the Renaissance and the early modern period, who wish to gain a brief overview of the preceeding period. However this resource also provides good materials for any student interested in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. The site won a Britannica Internet Guide Award for quality, accuracy, and content, and is well-illustrated and presented. The history of this period is divided into sections, including: intellectual life; visual arts; music; literature; the church; eastern Europe; Italy's city states; Ottoman Turks; and feudal institutions. A tutorial instructions sections explains the coloured dots system used in the materials. The site provides a bibliography and a useful selection of related links. The was last updated in 2001 and is now archived.
This small, not-for-profit educational search engine aims to promote English and American literature, culture and history by providing access to relevant, interesting and academic video resources. The easy-to-use website can either be searched by keyword or browsed by general topic (for example, the British Empire, US History, US Literature, British/Irish Literature, and so on). Each of these broad categories is then further divided into smaller subcategories to provide easy navigation and quick access to the available sources. A handy alternative to ordinary non-academic search engines.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "English Landholding in Ireland, c. 1200-c. 1360" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This resource is comprised of a database, which records instances of landholding in Ireland by those men, women and institutions, who can be shown to have held land elsewhere in the late 12th to late 14th centuries. The aims and objectives of this research project were: to establish as complete a record as possible of property-holding in Ireland by those normally resident outside the country; to explore how and why patterns of property-holding changed across the period, 1200-1360; and to assess the significance of the landholding nexus in the relationship between Britain and Ireland.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'English Slave Trade, 1791-1799 : House of Lords Survey' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To examine the growth of slave trade to the America's, the internal dynamics of its volume, and how it compared with other trades within the British Empire and with other leading slave trade routes of other European powers. The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of: Ship's name, tonnage, home port of ship, departure date, African port of arrival, date of African arrival, slaves taken on board (total number), slave mortality, slaves relanded before African port departure, number of slaves shipped, date of African departure, American port of arrival, date of arrival in New World, number of slaves landed, date ship left America.
The website of the "Enhanced British Parliamentary Papers on Ireland 1801-1922" (EPPI) provides a brief overview of the project. Over 13,700 documents have been digitised and electronically catalogued from the University of Southampton Ford Collection of Official Publications. The project includes documents such as census enumerations, reports on economic, educational and scientific subjects, and transcripts of emigrant correspondence. The project's website includes a searchable database of Parliamentary Papers relating to Ireland 1801-1922, containing containing bibliographic information and, where available, abstracts of the contents of the papers. A fully-searchable database of complete texts is online as of 2005, and an advanced search facility is made available on this site. The project receives funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Resource Enhancement scheme.
EPPI is an ongoing project to digitise over 13,000 British parliamentary papers relating to Ireland, covering the period 1801-1922. It providesaccess to a wealth of social, economic, demographic and political information relating to the history of Ireland. This includes information covering the Great Famine, religious affiliation, 'home rule' and the government of Ireland, Anglo-Irish relations, population, social and economic conditions and trade. Full text documents will include: statistics, census materials and the text of Royal Commissions and committees of enquiry. It is based on the Ford Collection of British Official Publications at the University of Southampton. It is possible to sign up to an email list to receive regular updates on full-text materials added to the site.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Erie County Study, 1940: Panel 1' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). This study examines the dynamic process of the formation, change, and development of public opinion and political attitudes. Special efforts were made to follow changes in voting intentions and to gather data on possible intervening variables in the attitude change process. The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The major variables studied were respondent perceptions of the social and ideological differences between parties, participation in the campaign, the role of expectations, political information networks, the role of personal relationships and social groups, the political history of the respondents and their family, issue opinions, and personality measures. The data were originally collected from among four groups of approximately 600 persons each. Three groups were reinterviewed only once. The fourth group formed the core of panel sample and were interviewed monthly from May to November, 1940.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Erie County Study, 1940: Panels 2, and 3' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). This study examines the dynamic process of the formation, change, and development of public opinion and political attitudes. Special efforts were made to follow changes in voting intentions and to gather data on possible intervening variables in the attitude change process. The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The major variables studied were respondent perceptions of the social and ideological differences between parties, participation in the campaign, the role of expectations, political information networks, the role of personal relationships and social groups, the political history of the respondents and their family, issue opinions, and personality measures. The data were originally collected from among four groups of approximately 600 persons each. Three groups were reinterviewed only once. The fourth group formed the core of panel sample and were interviewed monthly from May to November, 1940.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Erie County Study, 1940 : Panels 4 and 5' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). This study examines the dynamic process of the formation, change, and development of public opinion and political attitudes. Special efforts were made to follow changes in voting intentions and to gather data on possible intervening variables in the attitude change process. The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The major variables studied were respondent perceptions of the social and ideological differences between parties, participation in the campaign, the role of expectations, political information networks, the role of personal relationships and social groups, the political history of the respondents and their family, issue opinions, and personality measures. The data were originally collected from among four groups of approximately 600 persons each. Three groups were reinterviewed only once. The fourth group formed the core of panel sample and were interviewed monthly from May to November, 1940.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Erie County Study, 1940 : Panels 6 and 7' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). This study examines the dynamic process of the formation, change, and development of public opinion and political attitudes. Special efforts were made to follow changes in voting intentions and to gather data on possible intervening variables in the attitude change process. The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The major variables studied were respondent perceptions of the social and ideological differences between parties, participation in the campaign, the role of expectations, political information networks, the role of personal relationships and social groups, the political history of the respondents and their family, issue opinions, and personality measures. The data were originally collected from among four groups of approximately 600 persons each. Three groups were reinterviewed only once. The fourth group formed the core of panel sample and were interviewed monthly from May to November, 1940.
This website forms an online history course, run by Professor Ellis L. "Skip" Knox at Boise State University, on the Renaissance in European history (classed as running from 1300 to the start of the Reformation in 1517 on the website). Although aimed primarily at his own students, the website provides very valuable information to all interested in the Renaissance. The website is an excellent example of a completely online history course: all information relating to the course structure, and high-quality learning materials can be found here. The learning materials are split into thematic approaches to the Renaissance (politics, society, religion, economy and culture) and each of these sections has essays written by Professor Knox along with various relating primary sources. There are also various resource sections which provide maps, time-lines, bibliographies, and general reference information. The major focus of the website is on France, England, the Empire and the Italian States.
The website European Navigator (ENA) is a multimedia database on the history and the institutions of post-war Europe. It is published by the Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe, and is available in French, Dutch, German, Spanish and English exclusively for educational and non-profit purposes. It brings together more than 5000 rigorously selected documents, including photos, sound clip, film recordings, treaties, press articles, cartoons, interviews, interactive maps and diagrams. These documentary resources are supported by four additional resources, a thesaurus, bibliography, glossary, and media library. The design of the site is a little off-putting, and not particularly user-friendly, but the content is an impressive resource on post-war European politics. The site was created by the Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVSCE), based in Luxembourg.
The website 'European Union History' was developed by R.T. Griffiths from Leiden University History Department. The site provides an annotated gateway to a large number of websites relevant to the study of the history of European integration. The links on the site are divided into the following categories: archives; Cold War sites; historical documents (including primary sources); electronic resources on European integration; federalist documents; histories (various descriptions of the history of the Union); and time-lines. The site is set out in a straightforward manner and, although a search engine is not available, is easy to browse.
The ExLibris website provides detailed discussion on religious dissenters prior to, during, and just after the English Civil Wars and Interregnum. The website also provides an extensive list of English music's greatest works (and, where available, the composers) from 1385 to 1714. The discussion of the dissenters is divided by religious grouping (so, for example, there is a section on Baptists and a section on Muggletonians) and each area provides details on the group's aims, goals, achievements and influential leaders. There is a considerable bibliography which, although missing a few details on some publications, is of very wide scope and highly beneficial to any student or researcher in English religious, social or political history. The English 'musick' section is split into chronological order, with seven separate areas, and also has a very detailed and lengthy bibliography.
The website 'EyeWitness to History.com: the Middle Ages and Renaissance' is part of the Ibis Communications Inc. website EyeWitness to History.com. The 'EyeWitness' series seeks to present history "through the eyes of those who lived it". The section concerning the Middle Ages and Renaissance provides a good introduction to the most famous events and people involved in (predominantly) European history of the period. The site is necessarily brief, but covers topics including: the murder of Thomas Becket; the Crusades; the death of Magellan; the Spanish massacre of the French in Florida; crime and punishment in Elizabethan England; and the Black Death. Brief accounts of the events are provided and then contemporary accounts follow. For example, Boccaccio describes the plague in Florence, and Beha-ed-Din, a member of Saladin's court describes the massacre of over 2, 700 Muslims in 1191. This site is an excellent introduction to the contextual use of primary sources.
The website "EyeWitness to the Eighteenth Century" is part of the EyeWitness series seeks to present history "through the eyes of those who lived it". The website describes mainly events important to the history of the USA, through contemporary accounts (memoirs, letters,diaries). However, the execution of Louis XVI of France is also included. Topics featured include: passage to America; the execution of Nathan Hale; the death of George Washington; writing the Declaration of Independence; the Boston tea party; captured by Indians; and battle at Lexington Green. The various events are placed in their context and briefly described, and then an eye witness or contemporary account is provided. The site offers a printer friendle version to each of the articles; it also has a suggestion for citation at the bottom of each page. Also, a full reference for the primary and secondary sources of the articles is given. This is an excellent basic introduction to key events in eighteenth century US history. It is also a good way to introduce students to the importance of primary sources.
The website "Eyewitness to the nineteenth century" is part of the "EyeWitness" series which seeks to present history "through the eyes of those who lived it". It describes events of importance mainly to US history, briefly placing them in context and illustrating them with a contemporary account (memoirs, letters, diaries, reports). Topics featured include: aboard a slave ship; Livingstone discovers Victoria Falls; the death of President Garfield; the trial of Andrew Johnson; and the burning of Washington by the British. Among the authors of contemporary accounts are Frederick Douglass, Reverend Robert Walsh and David Livingstone. Each article names the reference to the primary of secondary source used for its writing and also offers sugestions how to cite it. This is an excellent site for introducing students to the use of primary sources.
The website "Facing History and Ourselves" is an interesting project which seeks to examine history in the light of human behaviour. It is an American project that focuses more on the experience of the individual within an historical context, rather than on historical processes. The website has several sections: Educator Resources; Professional; Events and News. Students and alumni have their own subsite. Resources for teachers include lessons and units, classroom strategies, online modules but also video clips with prominent scholars and public figures talking about an issue involving moral choices today concerning the past. The organisation runs summer schools. Virtual courses online deal with subjects such as: Becoming American, the Chinese Experience; Seeking Justice in the Aftermath of Genocide; and Identity, Religion and Violence, a Critical Look at Sept 11, 2001. The issues apparent around teaching pupils and students about the Holocaust and Civil rights movements are also addressed. The organisation has bases in many towns in the USA and one in Switzerland. They publish details of vacancies within the organisation on the website and details of their regional offices. Facing History was established over 25 years ago and seeks to engage those of different backgrounds in discussion of prejudices, racisms, and antisemitism. They can be found on Facebook, YouTube and change.org as well.
This website is a subsite of the Dirksen Congressional Center, an Illinois organisation that seeks to improve public understanding of Congress through archival programs and promotion of research and education. This site, 'Facing The Post-War World: Everett M. Dirksen Abroad, 1945,' draws from the Center's archives to trace the world trip that Illinois Republican Congressman (later Senator)Everett Dirksen (1896-1969) made in February 1945 to inspect American embassies, reconstruction agencies, intelligence services, and the armed forces. His reports on twenty-one countries reveal conditions especially in Europe and the Middle East at the end of World War II. This Web presentation offers short essays, images, trip log entries and Dirksen's letters home. A teaching aid is offered in the form of seven anchor documents which are accompanied by suggested study questions. The site also provides a timeline of Dirksen's trip, the highlight of which are its links to scanned images of relevant primary sources, including Dirksen's report to President Truman and news articles on his findings from the summer of 1945. The site will serve as a good teaching tool and initial starting point for students as well as members of the public.
Ferdinand Freiligrath Briefrepertorium is a website which aids research on the German writer and poet, Ferdinand Freiligrath (1810-1876), who was a friend of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882). In the 1840s he became more political and attracted the attention of Karl Marx (1818-1883); historians will note Freiligrath's letters with Engels about Marx, which are listed here. This site posts a research index to Freilgrath's published and unpublished correspondence, including letters, visiting cards, telegrams and similar documents. It provides a systematic bibliographic and archival guide to these sources, which was developed between 1998 and 2000. A search engine allows detailed searches by addressee, date, or full text word search. Searches bring up the date, place of writing, topic of letter, and archival location of each actual letter or item or correspondence. To aid searches, dozens of addressees are listed alphabetically on a separate subpage, and include little known and famous figures, such as Hans Christian Andersen. Another subpage devoted to 'Siglen,' or sigla, that is, to archival or bibliographic abbeviations, gives short descriptions of various correspondence topics in particular archival collections. A list of institutions which hold collections worldwide is provided. An index of persons was still under construction at the time of review. The site is entirely in German; scholars working in German Studies and nineteenth century History will find this site to be a wonderful aid to investigating Freiligrath as well as the links between Romanticism, socialism and nationalism.
The website "First Europe tutorial" has been published online and compiled by The Applied History Group at the University of Calgary. It is one of a series of online history tutorials and is aimed at first year undergraduate students. It covers the period from the Romans to the early medieval period in Western Europe. Themes include: political developments; language and literature; and art and architecture. The site also features an extensive bibliography and list of relevant Internet resources. The tutorials are easy to follow and cover the territorial expansion of the Roman world, the Germanic invasions of Western Europe, the Frankish empire, and Latin and the vernacular languages. A good site for undergraduates wishing to gain a basic grasp of Western European history and those teaching them.
This is the official Flickr photo gallery stream of the historic photography archives held at the Library of Congress. Images are shown at a reasonable size, and without watermarks. There are a number of albums available, including '1930s and 40s in Colour' (1,615 pictures) and 'News in the 1910s' (6,000 pictures). Pictures older than about 1927 are usually old enough to be in the public domain in the U.S. Pictures are annotated with archival information, and presented both as thumbnails and as larger versions (usually between 1024 and 1200 pixels on their longest side). The photo stream is tagged with keywords, to aid in finding particular topics, thus making it useful for a variety of scholarly interests, such as fashion and military history.
The website 'Florilegium Urbanum' is part of the Medieval English Towns website, a site that provides a range of resources on cities and towns in medieval England, compiled by Stephen Alsford, a retired Canadian academic. Florilegium Urbanum is a considered selection of primary source texts, which illustrate various aspects of urban life in medieval England. The texts have been translated from the original Latin, Anglo-Norman French, or Middle English into modern English, so that they are accessible to most people and can be used at all levels of study. The site is split into five separate sections, which are then further sub-divided, making navigation of the documents easier. Each sub-section has an introductory essay with illustrations and bibliographical references. The five main sections are: the Introduction, which offers perspectives on English towns and cities; Community, which deals with society - particularly its institutions and attitudes; Economy, which looks at industry, commerce and labour; Government, covering constitutional development and political activity at a local and national level; and the Lifecycle section, which is concerned with the experiences of the individual.There are currently over 100 primary source texts available, and all of the texts are accompanied by an introduction and some interpretive discussion.
This is the website of the "Fondation Jean Monnet pour l'Europe" [Jean Monnet Foundation for Europe], dedicated to the Jean Monnet (1888-1979), French politician and one of the founders of the European Union to be. The site offers a biography, presenting excerpts from Jean Monnet's own writings accompanied by photographs. An archive section describes the fonds held at the Foundation, the core of which is the personal archive of Jean Monnet. Additionally preserved is the personal archive of Robert Schuman along with other personalities involved with the early stages and development of the European Union. A few digital facsimiles are viewable online. The Foundation is home to a specialist library focussing on the European Union, its history and progress. In accordance with its status of European Documentation Centre, the Library receives all the official publications produced by the various European institutions. A "Multimedia library" section offers access to selected items from a collection of photographs, drawings, recordings, film reels and interviews. Available online, for example, are two different speeches by Robert Schuman. Additional documents of relevance and information on the Foundation activities and publications - including the Foundation's journal "Les Cahiers rouge" - are also present. At time of review the website was available solely in French. A forthcoming English version is however announced on the site's homepage.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Foreign Diplomatic Representatives to the Stuart Court, 1603-1625" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This project arose from an appendix to the principal investigator's PhD, 'Foreign Diplomatic Representatives to the Court of James VI and I'. Over past years historians have provided numerous partial lists, some more comprehensive than others, which relate to specific countries and which demonstrate a certain fascination with the question of diplomacy in the early modern period. However, very little work has been undertaken on the ambassadorial group as whole who came to the Stuart court. This project, therefore, aims to provide information on the diplomatic representatives, who were sent by their sovereigns or governing aristocracies to the court of James VI and I in the seventeenth century.
The Forum is one branch of the Web presence of Liberty Fund Inc., a private American foundation devoted to the study of liberalism and freedom in society and among responsible individuals. The Liberty Fund organizes and finances a series of educational activities to foster discussions and research on liberty, including conferences and similar programs. One of these initiatives is the foundation's online library, of which one section is this site, the Forum. The Forum enables debates on people and posts full text versions, extracts from, or information about: books; ideas; articles, essays; biographies; conversations; interviews; forgotten gems from the foundation's library; and bibliographies on this topic. An on-site search engine as well as a user's guide allow users to browse through these resources. Of particular note is a site function that permits users to create and post their own bibliographical reading lists on the site; users can also examine other participants' reading lists. RSS feed subscriptions are enabled. Older Forum material is archived in a separate section of the site. There is also a downloadable PDF guide with further information on the full extent of the Forum's offerings.
Frauen Wählet! (Women May Vote!) is an online exhibition commemorating the 85th anniversary of the granting of universal female suffrage in Austria (1919-2004). The site posts a series of essays which provide a narrative history of the struggle for women's access to the vote in Austria after the First World War. The essays are liberally illustrated with scanned images of primary source documents held at the Austrian National Library. The site goes back to 1848, and takes care to describe the political context surrounding the connected development of universal manhood suffrage, attained in 1907. Each essay is bolstered by subsites with illustrations, short explanations and biographies of key events and figures. Notably, a reproduction of the 1918 law is scanned from the book of laws of German Austria. The site discusses the political effect of the expansion of the vote during the subsequent election campaign of 1919 and gives an overview of the varying styles of bids made by different parties to female voters. Female Members of Parliament are also discussed: there are special biographies of the first eight women who sat in the Parliament. Also of interest are additional pages which provide a comparative assessment of the campaign for female suffrage in England, France, Switzerland and Finland. Finally, a timeline lists the granting of the vote to women in different countries, with the most recent being Liechtenstein in 1984. For its informative essays and use of primary sources, this site should prove of great interest to teachers, students and researchers, as well as members of the general public.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'French Legislators, 1871-1940' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must register with the HDS - further information is supplied giving instructions. The aim of the project was to record biographical details of all members of the French Chamber of Deputies and the Senate who were elected to any of the legislatures between 1871 to 1940. This collection contains biographical data for all members of the French Chamber of Deputies and Senate who were elected to any of the legislatures from 1871 to 1940. There are 3,963 deputies, 813 senators, and 932 members who served in both chambers, for a total of 5,708 individual records. There are 111 variables per record, covering the legislator's dates of service, family background, age, education, profession, local and/or previous electoral service, party and political affiliation, successful and unsuccessful campaigns, and departement represented.
This useful Web page, part of the University of Michigan's Scholarly Publishing Office (SPO) seeks to provide free online access to reviews of materials published in wake of the celebration of the French Revolution. The website states: 'The purpose of this bibliography is to provide students of the French Revolution at the village level with a guide to, and critical assessment of, published local and small-region monographs inspired by, or more or less contemporaneous with, the bicentenary celebrations'. The website presents a simple introduction to the topic and the concept, and a number of ways to search and browse through the quite large collection. Users have the option to use either the 'simple search' or 'advance search' options or to browse all records or browse by department.
This website offers an historical overview of the French Revolution. Forming part of Frank Smitha's immense site devoted to world history, this particular chapter will be of interest to FE History students or French Studies undergraduates who are beginning work on this area of French history. Smitha traces the beginnings of the Revolution in terms of the economic crisis in France towards the end of the 18th century which was a driving force behind the Revolution. He outlines briefly the establishment of the National Assembly and political reform, and describes in detail the fall of the Bastille. The failure of the Assembly's demands for a constitutional monarchy and war between France and the rest of Europe are examined at length, with particular attention paid to Napoleon Bonaparte. The text is divided into short chapters, cross-referenced to a map of Europe where appropriate, and linked to explanatory notes and further secondary material. Smitha's style is straightforward and neutral. Consequently, this website will be valuable as a quick reference resource and introduction to the period.
The Friedrich Naumann Foundation (FNF) is a non-profit organisation that promotes liberal democracy, peace, respect for human rights, rule of law, and social and economic freedom. It seeks to uphold and explore the ideas of Friedrich Naumann, the nineteenth and early twentieth century German Protestant thinker who espoused liberalism and remedies for social ills in non-Marxist, bourgeois arguments for progressive reform. The site provides a history of the foundation established in Naumann's honour in 1958 by Theodor Heuss, the first president of the Federal Republic of Germany after the Second World War. The site serves the foundation's larger purpose of providing liberal civic education programmes to the general public. The site also outlines the foundation's work alongside partner organisations, NGOs, and governmental bodies to provide policy consultation at an international level. Of note here are the foundation's activities in East Asia, Latin America, Eastern Europe and the Middle East; its internships; publications; online full text articles; latest news; press releases; video clips of liberal democratic politicians worldwide; forums which publish opinion pieces and commentaries; the foundation's International Academy for Leadership; seminars and training; famous liberal quotes; and archived site resources. One section is devoted to providing brief biographies of noted liberal thinkers, which will, along with other materials here, aid teachers and members of the general public as much as students. Researchers who are interested in assessing the development of liberal ideological ideas over time or who are interested in the foundation's projects and funding should find this site to be useful. The site also provides a list of related links and e-cards.
'From Here to Modernity' is a website which was created to complement the BBC2/Open University TV series of the same name. The site traces the history of the Modernist architecture movement from its roots in the 1920s up until the present day, and aims to show how the people behind the revolution in twentieth-century building have changed the world we live in today. This is achieved by using a timeline of the period, supplemented by photographs and video interviews (for which QuickTime is required). The site focuses on the social, political, and aesthetic context of modern architecture, but it also provides brief case studies of a number of important British buildings. There are also introductions to particularly influential individuals and movements, such as Bahaus, Norman Foster and the Brutalists. Each section of the site can be downloaded as a text file and a downloadable screen saver is also available. As is to be expected from a BBC enterprise, the site is technically sophisticated.
This website, created by Dave Romagnolo, provides access to the texts of Marxists from Marx to Mao. The main part of the site is divided into four sections providing access to texts from Marx and Engels, Lenin, Stalin, and Mao. The site also has a section entitled other texts and documents which provides access to material written by lesser know Marxists and from Communist Parties. The site also has a ‘what’s new’ section, a ‘what’s coming’ section, and a guide to reading section. The guide to reading section on the site provides suggestions for reading material on the site relating different topics such as The Agrarian Question, The Communist International and Economics and Politics of Imperialism.
This is the website for an AHRC-funded research project which is studying the interaction between state and citizen immediately before and in the two decades following India and Pakistan’s independence in 1947. To date, research has concentrated on the politics high levels of government, and little work has been done on the impact of independence and partition on everyday life. The project aims to focus on “citizen experiences” in the former British Indian provinces of Uttar Pradesh (formerly the United Provinces) and Sindh.
'From Weaver to Web' is a website intended to present the history of Calderdale, West Yorkshire, and the textile industry. It provides public access to material (including images, commentary and oral history) digitised as part of this project funded by the New Opportunities Fund (NOF). The site includes introductions and examples of different types of source materials together with thematic introductions to significant events and topics within the history of Calderdale, long important for its cloth mills and markets. The topics include, such as, architecture, canals, the role of the mill, railway, social welfare. For example there is helpful information about undertaking research using electoral registers (or 'burgess rolls' - which list all those local inhabitants who were eligible to vote in local and Parliamentary elections) and poll books (which list the individuals who voted in elections and identify the candidate for whom they voted. These are available for different areas pre-1832 through to the 1872 Secret Ballot Act). These electoral registers represent an important source for the local historian and often throw up information not available elsewhere. The database of over 22,000 images may be searched by a variety of fields or browsed by all records. Articles and other secondary material has been written by local history consultants from partner organisations such as the county record office. The website also includes information on the digitisation process and content management system, as well as extremely clearly written 'help' documentation to enable easy use of the collections via the Internet. The archive is mainly derived from the Horsfall Turner collection donated to the Central Library, Halifax, West Yorkshire, England. 'From Weaver to Web' is one of the textile-related regional consortium of NOF digitisation projects, along with 'Cotton Town' and 'Knitting Together', that is contributing to 'Spinning the Web Consortium'.
This web page provides a time-line for the history of opium. Starting from the first known instances of opium poppy cultivation, by the Sumerians around 3400 B.C., the site gives a brief outline of opium and heroin production and trade up to the end of the twentieth century. A short bibliography provides a starting point for those wishing to expand their knowledge of the subject. The page forms part of an online report on the drugs trade by the American television programme, 'Frontline'. Other sections of this report look at the geography of contemporary opium production, the process of refining heroin, the means by which heroin has its effect on the brain, and the politics of drug trafficking. There is also a viewer's forum for debating the surrounding issues.
This is a free online archive of the UK magazine 'Gay Left', which ran from 1975 until 1980 and was edited from London. It is now of historical interest, and each issue has been scanned and placed online. Issues can be freely downloaded as PDF files, and these contain OCR text that can be copied and pasted. The journal regularly carried essays and reviews by notable names such as Richard Dyer, Jeffrey Weeks, Emmanuel Cooper, Ann Oakley, and Simon Watney, among others. Jeffrey Weeks has written a special new overview essay for the website archive. The archive and new essay will be of interest to those researching radical politics and sexuality in the UK during the late 1970s.
The German Propaganda Archive was created by Randall Bytwerk of Calvin College. The archive provides access to scanned images of propaganda and materials produced for the guidance of propagandists from both the Nazi Era and the German Democratic Republic. The focus of the site is to provide access to material in English translation, which is not readily available from other sources. The site has been divided into three main sections: Nazi Propaganda pre-1933 material; Nazi Propaganda 1933-45 material including the Second World War; and East German Propaganda (Marxist propaganda: 1949-1989). These sections are further subdivided. The site features two primary kinds of material: a variety of propaganda material designed to influence the citizenry; and "behind the scenes" material designed for propagandists themselves. There is interesting material on Hitler, Goebbels, and Hess. It is also possible to search the site. The site provides links to other appropriate propaganda sites. Information about the site and a list of FAQs are available. This is an extensive and informative website that will be of great interest and benefit to undergraduate and graduate students of German studies, as well as to the general public. The site is updated regularly.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'German Reichstag Election Data, 1887-1912' dataset hosted by the History Data Service (HDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register, and further information is supplied giving instructions. Contained in this dataset are electoral returns at the Wahlkreis and Staat levels for the Reichstag elections for the following years: 1871, 1874, 1877, 1878, 1881, 1884, 1890, 1893, 1898, 1903, 1907, and 1912. Variables for each election include the vote cast, the number of eligible voters, valid and invalid votes cast, voter turnout, total population as of the preceding census, and the percentage of Catholics and Protestants.
This useful site is part of the Spartacus Educational Web resource, and it contains a wealth of information pertaining to German history from 1900-1945. The main subject areas are clearly listed in a table of contents, which consists of hyperlinks to further tables of contents that provide access to full-text documents in the relevant area. As well as a vast range of material relating to the Third Reich and World War II, the site includes substantial sections on the following topics: World War I; the Weimar Republic; German art; foreign policy; political leaders; the Holocaust; military leaders; and scientific research in Nazi Germany. In addition, the site offers a collection of hyperlinks to other history-related resources on the Spartacus Educational website. The site also contains advertising; it should be helpful for students and teachers.
The website 'Gertrude Bell Archives' is the homepage of this special collection in the Newcastle University Library. Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) was an extraordinary traveller, diplomat, archaeologist and photographer in the Middle East in the late 19th and early 20th century and was instrumental in establishing both the modern state of Iraq and the Iraq Museum in Baghdad. This fascinating resource is an online edition of her letters, diaries and many photographs which provides a vivid insight both into her powerful personality and keen eye for surrounding details and into the world in which in which she lived. It illustrates in particular the formative period of the modern Middle East and the perception of the East by Victorian and Edwardian travellers. The resource includes her complete diaries from 1877 to 1919, letters from 1874 to 1926 and a large album of photographs from Bell's many travels around the world in the first quarter of the 20th century. The photographs, many of which have great archaeological and ethnographic interest, mainly reflect Bell's long association with the Middle East but also feature the Mediterranean and the Far East and for all contexts complement the diary entries and letters. Photographs have good description with precise information on their date taken, location, condition, or size. The books that beloged to Gertrude Bell's library are also at Newcastle but they are integrated in the library catalogue. There is much to interest those researching the political and cultural history of this period and for archaeologists interested in the early years of their discipline and the close relationship between archaeology, military intelligence and imperial politics.
The Glasgow Caledonian University Library Special Collections web pages provide information on the archives held at the university. The site gives basic information about the location and opening hours, the catalogues and access requirements, of the collections. The Library's acquisition policy is described and links provided to the journals the Library subscribes to. Each of the special collections is described, and its content summarised. Further information may be accessed about the individual who assembled and donated each collection, along with the collections' detailed contents list. A search engine is provided.Almost all of the special collections consist of left-wing political material. Socialism, trade unionism, communism, and Labour party history, are all well-covered subjects. Other subjects covered in the archives include the Spanish Civil War, the Anti-Apartheid movement, and women's rights issues. A couple of archives dealing with domestic science, needlework, and cookery, reflect the College's history 'at the forefront of domestic science teaching'. The journal collections also reflect the University's commitment to Communism and Anarchy.
The Glasgow Digital Library acts as a virtual co-library of the majority of public institutions in Glasgow. The long-term goal of the website is to establish a wholly digital resource to facilitate teaching, learning, and research in the city. The site brings together disparate resources such as: the 'Aspect' collection of Scottish Parliamentary Election candidate materials from 1999; images from the Springburn Community Museum (focusing on community life and the rail industry); 'Red Clydeside', a political history of the Scottish Left from 1910-1922; 'The Voyage of the Scotia' detailing the Scottish National Antarctic expedition of 1902-1904; memoirs and portraits of 100 of Glasgow's most illustrious citizens between 1855 and 1885; and the Victorian Times project, looking at Glasgow's social and economic history during a key period in the city's history. There is also a directory of information about Glasgow and an image library of historical photographs of the city arranged by area, street, and subject.This rich collection of resources continues to be developed and some sections are not as yet complete. The project receives funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP), and SCRAN.
The website 'The Glorious Revolution of 1688' is a personal project based on the research and works of two of the members of the law school from the University of Georgia. The site is 'intended to serve as a permanent collection of materials covering the period in English History known as the Glorious Revolution.' A chronology of the events, beginning with death of King Charles II and accession to throne of King James II, is the main resource of this site. There is an important caveat to the usage of old-style and new-style dating systems in England, Scotland and Ireland, and on the continent. The encyclopaedia is an impressive range of data concerning individual persons and events from the 1680s, arranged in alphabetical order. Entries vary in length. The section of Quotations has nine quotations illustrating the authors' concern with the need of a historical culture for lawyers. The bibliography dates from 2002, while some of the links to external sites are broken. The site has potential for students.
This page contains one of the 1988 lectures delivered by Professor Gerhard Rempel of the Western New England College within his course on modern history. It is entirely devoted to the Soviet great political leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his policy of perestroika that was meant to sustain the economic growth that Andropov had begun, but which lagged under Chernenko. The author provides description of different aspects of perestroika and also explains how it was actually possible to launch it and make it work. He focuses on the psychological incentives and the problems that had to be solved. First of all, these were problems with consumer goods, workers' wages, initiatives and rewards, Gosplan, etc. Professor Rempel also speaks about Gorbachev's proposed reforms. The site is now of interest as an example of thinking and teaching on these issues in the late eighties context.
"Greenham Common : The Women's Peace Camp" is an online exhibition from the Imperial War Museum Sound Archive. The exhibition provides a brief account of the anti-nuclear protests from 1981-2000 against the decision to site Cruise Missiles (guided nuclear missiles) in the UK, at Greenham Common Air Base near Newbury, Berkshire, and what became known as the "Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp". The Peace Camp remained as a continuing protest against nuclear weapons after all missiles sited at Greenham were removed after the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty between the US and the Soviet Union, and after the United States Air Force left the base in 1992 soon to be followed by the RAF. The exhibition is divided into: "Life in the Women's Peace Camp" (includes how the women constructed makeshift homes and methods of non-violent protest); and "Life in Greenham Common Air Base" (includes accounts about the difficulties faced by the police and army in dealing with the Greenham women). The main resource are 14 extracts from the Sound Archive's interviews from the 1990s with women who were living at, or involved with the Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp, as well as military personnel working inside the base. The Greenham interviews are part of a larger project covering the Anti-War Movement from 1914 onwards. All these interviews are available to listen to at the Imperial War Museum Sound Archive. Each audio clip requires Real One Player. There is also a transcript of each clip, as well as the archive's reference number for the interview.
This website is an online exhibition curated by The Imperial War Museum. The website provides information concerning its recordings of those who participated on the Greenham Camp which protested against the siting of cruise missiles near Newbury, Berkshire, England. These recordings form part of a broader anti-war movement project. There is a brief history of the Greenham Common Camp and an overview of what it was like to live there. There are also more detailed accounts of what it was like to live on the military camp.
The website "Gunpowder Plot Society" was created by a group of historians and genealogists to provide a forum for research into this historical event. The website is well laid out and provides a large amount of information on the catholic Gunpowder Plot to blow up the Houses of Parliament and King James VI/I. The site features a substantial account of the plot, with lengthy biographies about each of the thirteen men involved in the plot, and other relevant individuals such as Lord Monteagle and Robert Cecil. There is also a transcription of The King's Book, the Crown's official, and undeniably biased, account published in November 1605. The site also contains another forty transcribed primary source documents relevant to the case, including letters, acts and proclamations made by Elizabeth I and James VI/I, the much debated Monteagle Letter, and the writings, examinations and confessions of some of the plotters, including material relevant to Guy Fawkes, Thomas Wintour, Robert Wintour, Francis Tremane, Robert Catesby, and Thomas Bates. These texts can be viewed online, or downloaded into an easy print version for offline viewing. In addition to these resources the site also offers a bibliography, a list of links, and general information about the Gunpowder Plot Society.
H-Radhist is a moderated email discussion list focusing on the historical, theoretical and political issues which routinely emerge from the study of history from a radical perspective. The list is aimed at historians and scholars who approach the past from a radical perspective. This would include, for example, feminists, Marxists, neo-Marxists, post-structuralists, and radical democrats. However, contributions from historians outside of the left who wish to explore radical perspectives are also welcome. As well as contributions from subscribers the list editors also post information on events, features, book reviews, article reviews, and book announcements. It is possible to search or browse the discussion archives.
This resource page is part of the Habsburg website in the H-net network. It provides course syllabi for teaching university level courses on: Habsburg history; post-Habsburg Austria and Central Europe; and post-Soviet Eastern Europe. There are over 50 syllabi available from a number of different instructors and professors at various universities, going back to 1998, with a small number of course outlines taken from before 1998. The outlines range from first undergraduate exposure to the topic, to a small number of course lists from graduate courses. Almost all courses are from history departments in the United States and Canada; there are a few plans from political science courses. Syllabi are in English. Clearly very valuable as a teaching resource, this sub-site is strengthened by links to the Habsburg source texts archive for recent bibliographical information - and to stored mailing list discussions which could be used as historiographical sources for teaching the most recent themes in this field. At the time of review, the latest additions to the resources dated from 2006. Nevertheless, the site provides good background information for those interested in Habsburg and Central European modern history.
The site of the public foundation for Habsburg Studies, which was founded in 2003, provides manifold information about the aims, activities, conferences, publications and research grants offered by the Institute for Habsburg History. Its focus is to promote international research concerning the period when historical Hungary was part of the Habsburg Empire, encouraging young historians to take multinational and inter-ethnic approaches. The website also has a mirror in Hungarian; Flash and HTML versions of the website are provided. Fragments of books and essays as well as the 12 episodes of the historical documentary on the "Habsburgs and Hungary" produced together with Duna Television, a Hungarian television channel broadcasting via satellite, are available as downloads under the "academic collaborations" link. The director of the institute, András Gerő, has made available online chapters from his books and the entire text of "Emperor Francis Joseph-King of Hungarians", published in 2001 by Columbia University Press. The programmes of past and present conferences held at the institute can be read as PDF files. Search of the entire content of the website is provided.
This is the website for the Hall-Carpenter Archives, which is part of the London School of Economics Library website that provides a guide to its archive holdings. Founded in 1982, the Hall-Carpenter Archives are the largest source for the study of gay activism in the late twentieth century, from the publication of the Wolfenden Report in 1958 onwards. The archives are comprised of four main collections, the periodicals collection, the archive of gay organisations and activists, the Lesbian and Gay Newsmedia Archive, and the oral history collection. The archives are split across three sites, the London School of Economics Library, Middlesex University Library, and the National Sound Archive.
The website 'Hanover Historical Texts Projects' is an ongoing entreprisce of the Hanover College (USA) Department of History.Since 1995 they have been making electronic texts freely available for student and staff use in the study and teaching of history courses. The chronology ranges from ancient Greece and Rome through to the Russian Revolution. Geographic regions include Europe, United States, the Americas (outside the United States), Africa, and East Asia. The collection also includes works of philosophical and theological significance, including sections relating to the Crusades and the Reformation. Each text contains information about its source and who was responsible for scanning it. Texts are supplied as ASCII (presented in HTML) rather than page images. Many of the texts are quite lengthy and divided into sections (e.g. the full-text of the canons and decrees of the Council of Trent). Although the site is fairly regularly updated, some links are broken.
The Henry III Fine Rolls project website provides free access to the output of and extensive information about this project to publish the fine rolls from 1216 until 1248. As the fine rolls record the money offered to the king for favours each year, they provide a unique insight into political, social and economic life under Henry III. However, as they were written in Latin and only a tiny selection have appeared in print, they were largely inaccessible until this project which provides an abbreviated translation in English, called a calendar, alongside digitised images of the original rolls. A discussion of an interesting fine, set in the context of contemporary politics, government and record keeping, is added each month, often by a prestigious historian. Through a Fine of the Month competition, users can submit their own research relating to the fines for publication and the chance to win a prize. This is an essential resource for historians of the thirteenth century and the late medieval period and for anyone interested in local history, manuscript studies or medieval Latin. This three-year project is funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and directed by the respected historians David Carpenter, of King's College, London and David Crook, of The National Archives, with Harold Short, Director of the Centre for Computing in the Humanities, also at King's. Access to this resource is free; it is easy to use and well laid out. The sometimes complex information is presented in an accessible manner. As this is a work in progress, facilities for searching and viewing the documents will be improved.
The website "Historia" (History) is published in Polish by one of the leading publishing houses, Prószyński i S-ka SA. It is a commercial but useful site for those wishing to pick up a basic knowledge of world history, or can be used as a reference tool. There are also links to excerpts from books that have been placed online. The main focuses of this site is the "History of States" and the historical atlas. The former covers briefly dynasties and states from Ancient Egypt to the eighteenth century absolutists. The Virtual Atlas provides a good overview of the changing nature of political and national structures in Europe. The site is easy to navigate and constructed in a fairly linear way. This site can also be used for reading practice by students of Polish.
'Historia constitucional' is a scholarly ejournal produced annually by the University of Oviedo. The publication is dedicated to research in the field of constitutional history, in the broadest sense of the term, and its Web page can be accessed either in Spanish or English. The journal invites academic articles from scholars anywhere in the world, working within the fields of history of law and institutions, political thought, modern and contemporary history, and political science. Articles may be written in English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French or German. Recent issues have covered such areas as: political parties in Spain (1783-1855); Chinese history of constitutionalism; and the notion of sovereignty in the Argentine state. The user should note that although the journal predominantly features work on Spanish and Latin-American history, there are a substantial number of essays in English, Italian and French covering a large number of national histories and political theories. The site also offers the possibility of accessing the e-library 'Francisco Martínez Marina', which has been developed since May 2007. The catalogues and main page for this are available in Spanish only, but with a basic knowledge of electronic catalogue searching and browsing, the user can access a full range of digitised historical legal texts. Some examples are: the Constitution of the United States of America (1871); 'Le parti liberal sous la Restauration' by Paul Thureau-Dangin (1876); and several issues of the Spanish newspaper 'El Censor' (1820-22).
The website, Historia del País, is a good, comprehensive introduction to Argentine history which offers a wealth of information related to all areas of Argentina's past. A number of themes are explored in greater detail, such as the military dictatorship (1976-1983) and the May Revolution. Biographies of notable Argentine figures are available: the dates included in these biographies link to historical overviews of that particular year, allowing for contextualization. Summaries of the decades from 1810 to 1990 detail important events of the years. Various statistical data (on immigration, loans, population and so on) is also available, as are photographs of key events from specific years. A discussion forum is also available. This is a good introductory site that will be of much use to students of Latin American/Argentine history and literature: its clear and concise historical overviews will permit contextualization and greater understanding of literary texts. Users should note that some of the site's links were not working at the time of cataloguing.
The Web Site "Historia Polski" has been published in Polish by the publishing house Prószy?ski i S-ka SA, one of the largest in Poland. It is a commercial site and part of their "Virtual Universe" site. The focus of these pages are the history of Poland from the settlement of the Slavs (the origins of the Poles are a subject of great controversy) to the Third Partition of Poland at the end of the eighteenth century. The page consists of a bullet-pointed list of titles which link to a page or so of information on that topic. Embedded links take the user to further topics within the Virtual Universe. An excellent site for those who require a basic knowledge of the lands between the Bug and the Odra (Oder) and who read Polish. This can be used quite well as reading comprehension for students of Polish. The site offers a virtual historical atlas as well.
Hosted by Southern Methodist University, the Historic Government Publications from World War II project is making available in digital form a wide range of texts published by the US government during the Second World War. The documents are available in PDF format, and each has a MARC record thereby enabling cross-referencing by subject area and author. Some of the materials available include records of military accidents, facsimiles of the Pacific war surrender documents, and propaganda media.This is a complex database, but the site provides guidelines and advice for searches.
The website of the Historical Association, an organisation founded in 1906 with the aim to support the study and teaching of history at all educational levels. Membership is open to all, and there are details of how to join on the site. The Historical Association actively promotes history at a national and local level, in schools, universities, and in general, and has over sixty branches across the country. On the website users can find: information about local history and the various branches of the HA; educational materials offered by the HA such as the electronic continuing development programmes; details of events; HA publications (which include the journals "Teaching History" and "Primary History") and an online shop from which to purchase them; and a library of specialist history organisations and institutions that can be browsed. Resources are divided into sections dedicated to primary and secondary teaching. There is some useful material on the website, and much of the content is particularly useful for teachers at secondary school level. Some areas of the site are accessible only to members or registered users.
The web site "Historicus: portal historyczny (Historicus: history portal) is one of the most comprehensive collections of resources on Polish history, with some items in German but the majority in Polish. The portal is hosted and run by the history department of the Nicolas Copernicus University, Toruń. It is well organised and designed, with resources divided into the following sections: archival studies; didactic history; East European history; economic history; history and computers; history of cartography; history of the church; history of culture and art; 1918-1945; early modern history; post-1945 history; military history; 19th century history; medieval history; ancient history; auxiliary studies; notes and reviews; and student publications. The site also features information about conferences and highlights new resources. The portal is home to the "Cartographia Thoruniana" project, with online historical maps of Toruń (previously known in German as Thorn). Ten randomly picked articles and items are listed, which give an idea of the depth of the collection. All resources are available in a print-friendly format. An excellent site for all those interested in East or Central European history or Polish history. It is also a great resource for teaching.
The website "History: In the Footsteps of King Harold" is a Channel 4 microsite to accompany a television programme on the same subject. It provides a brief timeline and history of one of England's "unsung heroes" King Harold II (born c. 1020). Doomed to be remembered primarily as the loser of the Battle of Hastings in 1066, this website rehabilitates Harold as a victor over the Vikings as well as an astute political mover. The story of Harold, who did not become king until 1066, is presented as an annotated chronology. The site provides accounts of both legend and fact, but is a good guide to the main episodes in Harold's life for those who wish to know a little more. The locations which hosted the major events of Harold's life are paid a little more attention, such as: Bosham; Pevensey; Hereford; Waltham Abbey; Rhuddlan; Caen; Bayeux; Dives-sur-Mer; Stamford Bridge; and Battle. There are also links to relevant external websites. A well laid-out site that provides an excellent basic introduction to the subject.
The History and Policy website is the result of a collaboration between the Institute of Historical Research, the University of Cambridge and The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The aims include to provide better historical perspective and knowledge for the current policy debate. Offering a range of papers which provide insights into current political topics from historical research, this is an easy to use resource which can be searched by theme, author or keyword. Via the What We Do Page you can access history papers, links to media coverage and join a network of historians. (H&P Papers provides links to the latest historical papers on the site which include the credit crunch, climate change and the environment, child-support, and British electoral history (such as 'Two Cheers for Democracy: involvement and interest in British politics since 1918' and 'The hustings, broadcasters and the future of British democracy'). The News page provides links to newspaper and radio coverage of historical issues. Journalists and politicians trying to contact a historian will find the Resources page most useful. Users can register, but this is not essential.
This is the website of the Center for Cooperative Research - a research institute devoted to the study and facilitation of revolutionary historical change. The philosophy of the centre is that neither individuals nor ideas shape history, but technologies and economic systems. Analysis of the War on Terrorism is particularly strongly represented on the site. The background to the attack on World Trade Center and its consequences - including information about US Government support for Bin Laden, the Taliban, and Iraq's biological weapons programme - is painstakingly examined. Each detail is backed up by a short introductory essay, fact-sheets (in a number of formats, time-lines, comprehensive chronologies, newspaper and magazine articles, government press releases, interviews etc.
The History Data Service (HDS) covers a wide range of historical topics, and brings together over 600 separate data collections transcribed, scanned or compiled from original sources. The data collections cover a time period from the late tenth century to the twentieth century, and although the primary focus is on the UK, it includes a significant body of cross-national and non-UK data collections. Examples of topics covered include: nineteenth and twentieth century statistics, manuscript census records, state finance data, demographic data, mortality data, community histories, British electoral history from the 18th to the 20th century (such as Parliamentary Poll Books, Psephological Datasets, British electoral data), and economic indicators. Various search and browse options are available for retrieving information about the collections.
This website has been created by Steven Kreis for post-16 and undergraduate students. It contains complete contents listings for three undergraduate courses in European history and is divided into 90 lectures, from ancient Sumer to the fall of Soviet-style communism in 1989. All the lectures are divided into four topics: ancient and medieval European history; early modern European history; modern European intellectual history; and 20th century Europe. It contains an extremely useful guide for historians and another introductory historiographical section which defines history. Lectures on modern European intellectual history concentrate mainly on the French revolution and the development of ideologies, while lectures on 20th century Europe cover topics such as: the Russian October revolution and its influence; totalitarian regimes of Stalin and Hitler; and the origins of the Cold War. The lecture on George Orwell and the Last Man in Europe, which is about the writer's drafting of '1984,' is of special note. All the texts contain highlighted names and historical events, which users can click on to gain access to other websites covering the people and events concerned. For example, the lecture on the aftermath of the Bolshevik revolution provides links to biographies of Lenin and Trotsky and full-texts of the English versions of important documents, such as: The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and the Decree on Peace; materials on the Russian civil war; and war communism.
The Channel 4 website "History Heads : Out Takes" features literally the out-takes of interviews with historians conducted during the making of Channel 4 historical documentaries. Some sections feature transcripts of entire programmes and can be downloaded in PDF format. Topics include: Elizabeth's pirates; Witchfinder General; Cromwell; the mystery of the Red Baron; and the Great Fire of London. Eminent historians such as Professors Lisa Jardine, Blair Worden and Ronald Hutton spoke about witchcraft, conspiracy, Elizabethan seafaring adventures and the English Civil War. This is an excellent site that enables everyone to access the opinions of leading historians.
The website 'History Ireland' is an online magazine dealing with Ireland and Irish history. While the newer and most current editions of the magazine are available only to subscription users, the 'archive' section allows users to browse and read the older articles and editions at no cost and with no subscription necessary. The articles cover a wealth of topics in Irish history and are generally well written and informative. Some users may find that certain aspects of the site don't display properly or have parts of the site overlapping others, which detracts from the user experience.
The website "History of modern Russia", created by Professor Gerhard Rempel of Western New England College, contains the texts of 48 lectures on the history of Russia, from Russian feudalism, to the Crimean War, to the third Russian "revolution" of 1989. The lectures focus on crucial points in Russian history as well as on the most important personalities, such as the tsars, Stalin, Khrushchev, Brezhnev, and others. Professor Rempel also provides links to historical maps, for example, those of the Asian and the European Republics, the CIS, etc. In addition he includes a list of over a dozen multimedia, gives links to other resources on Russian studies and provides a short bibliography on the subject. Unfortunately the author of the site does not mention the date when the content of the site was created or last updated.
This website details the work to compile the official History of Parliament. It was set up in 1929. The History is funded by a grant-in-aid, and since 1952 has been accommodated by the Institute of Historical Research and the University of London. The immediate intention is to cover the period from the earliest assemblies that can reasonably be termed parliaments to the Reform Act of 1832, but it is expected that in due course the history of the Commons will continue forward after 1832. Works that include biographies of Members of the Commons, as well as summaries of the proceedings of the Parliaments and the constituencies which were represented, have been completed for a number of periods since 1386. Four further sections, also dealing with the Commons, are in active preparation for the periods 1422-1504, 1604-29, 1640-60 and 1820-32. The research includes biographies of MPs and studies of constituencies as well as analysis of parliamentary procedure. Prosopographical and other computer databases are being prepared. A new section on the House of Lords, 1660-1832 was launched in May 1999. The History can be ordered in print or on CD-ROM, and ordering details are included on the website.
This is the transcribed online edition of the second, final volume of Stanley G. Payne's A history of Spain and Portugal (1972). The volume covers the period from the eighteenth centrury to the Franco-era. The book was written for an undergraduate and academic audience as a textbook for Iberian history, with particular regard to the political, institutional, social and economic history of the region. Out of its thirteen chapters, four are specifically devoted to the history of Portugal, while the others discuss the Portuguese dimension when necessary. The site contains a table of contents, all the chapters including footnotes, bibliographies, illustrations and maps. The site also contains a search function, allowing to do full-text search on LIBRO (Library of Iberian resources online), the site that hosts the full-text transcription. The site is particularly recommended to undergraduate students and researchers as textbook and reference book. The first volume of the work is also available on LIBRO.
The website "History of the Monarchy" is produced on behalf of the Crown, and is part of the official website of the British Monarchy. It is divided into three main sections, Kings and Queens of England to 1603, Kings and Queens of Scotland to 1603, and Kings and Queens of the United Kingdom from 1603. The summaries of dynasties and brief biographies of individual monarchs can be searched by dynasty or date, and there are selected royal profiles of the most prominent monarchs such as Alfred the Great, Elizabeth I, Robert the Bruce, and Henry VIII. This is an easy to navigate site, with quite substantive material on the monarchs, which serves as a good basis for further study or to brush up on key events or issues of a particular reign. In the biographies of the monarchs reigning prior to the personal union of Scotland and England, there is a link to the contemporary monarch in Scotland or England.
A History of the Vote in New Zealand is published by Elections New Zealand, and this online exhibition is an introduction to the history of suffrage in New Zealand from 1853 to the present. The site is based on University of Otago Press book, Adventures in Democracy: A History of the Vote in New Zealand by Neill Atkinson. The site is well designed and easily navigated, and features a range of digitised primary source material, including posters, photographs, documents, and oral history audio interviews. Amongst the topics covered are the first election and the creation of the constitution, votes for women, the Maori and the vote, election campaigns, and changing the electoral system from first-past-the-post to Mixed Member Proportional representation. The site also features a timeline, results for the General Election 1890-2002, election statistics 1853-2002, and a bibliography. It is likely to be of interest to researchers in the history of New Zealand and also those interested in matters of constitution and democracy across various cultures.
The website of the Holinshed Project gives information on the project's aims and current activities. The project's ultimate aim (subject to future funding) is to produce a new fifteen-volume edition of Raphael Holinshed's 'Chronicles', a history of England written in the 16th century, thought to have been a major source for some of Shakespeare's most famous plays. Currently the project is developing a parallel electronic edition of two versions of the Chronicles, printed in 1577 and 1587 (to be placed on the website when completed) as well as a handbook to the Chronicles and a series of working papers. The website provides a number of papers, as well as: a description of the project; a selection of sample texts from the books; a bibliography (in progress); and some related links. This site would be of interest to early modern history scholars, as well as those studying English Literature and the history of the book.
A Holocaust Journey: Classroom Encounters offers a collection of resources relating to teaching college-level courses about the Holocaust, particularly in the context of writing and literature classes. Some general reflections on the issues raised by teaching such a difficult and potentially disturbing topic are offered, but the site's main features are an annotated bibliography of texts suitable for use with classes, a selection of sample syllabi, some of which include further bibliographies, and supplementary related material, such as a partial book manuscript by the site's author, Gordon Thomas of the University of Idaho. Most of the example teaching resources are provided as RTF files. This is a useful website for those teaching or researching this subject, though users should note that as the site was compiled after a 1999 workshop, most of the bibliographies predate this, and hence will not include the most recent works.
This is the home page of the library and archives of the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace. This institute was founded in 1919 by Herbert Hoover (1874–1964) at his alma mater, Stanford University, with the goal of attaining peace through the scholarly study of international conflict in the modern world. The archives began as a repository for World War I documents collected by representatives of the institute in Europe directly after the war. The collection grew to include interwar sources on fascist, communist, and nationalist movements and important sources related to World War II. Subsequent projects include the institute's microfilming of the Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and the Soviet State in Moscow. Further collecting focussed on election campaign materials which demonstrate the workings of democracy in places such as postapartheid Africa and postcommunist Eastern Europe and Russia. There are detailed descriptions and excellent search engines with complete online listings of holdings for the following regions: Africa; the Americas; East Asia; Western Europe; Eastern and Central Europe -- including impressive Czech, Slovak and Romanian holdings; the Middle East; and Russia/Commonwealth of Independent States. With more than five thousand separate collections, the breadth of material here cannot be adequately described in a brief summary. There are millions of individual documents covering twentieth century history from around the world. The library is also significant, with important ephemera and rare books augmenting its primary and secondary source holdings. Lists of archival holdings are bolstered by online poster and pamphlets collections; online exhibitions; updates on new acquisitions; information on recent lectures; and newly translated bilingual section profiles of the Czech and Slovak collections. Contact information for the archivists is clearly available, with details on access to and hours for the reading rooms. Photocopies of documents can be ordered by post for those who cannot visit the archive itself.
A House Divided is an online exhibition hosted by the Digital History website and is likely to be of interest to American History researchers up to undergraduate level. It is based on the book of the same name, written by the leading historians Eric Foner and Olivia Mahoney and published by the Chicago Historical Society. The exhibition has been developed with sponsorship from The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. The exhibition explores the history of America immediately before, during and after the American Civil War, 1861-1865. Split into seven chapters, the exhibition discusses the history of slavery, the debate over the abolition of slavery and the tensions between the free and slave-holding states during the antebellum years, the war years, Reconstruction, and the effect the war had on politics and society. Also included is information about Abraham Lincoln and his family. The exhibition has a good balance of text and graphics, and cartoons, photographs, drawings, newspaper articles and pictures of artefacts are all used to illustrate the text.
The House of Commons Parliamentary Papers collection is a subscription resource containing digitized House of Commons sessional papers from 1715 to the present. Over 200,000 papers are included, making this an invaluable resource for researching all aspects of British political history and indeed British history more generally. The collection includes: private acts and bills; the parliamentary register; the 'History and Proceedings of the House of Commons' as well as the equivalent proceedings of the House of Lords; reports from committees; the journals of the Houses of Commons and Lords; and innumerable reports. The database may be browsed or searched, as well as offering personalisation features enabling the user to build his own sub-collection. The resource is published by Proquest / Chadwyck-Healey.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'House of Commons Voting, 1861-1926', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS in several different formats, including a set of tab delimited text and RTF files, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). The aim of this project was to analyse all House of Commons divisions in 13 parliamentary sessions from 1861 to 1926, and through this, to examine party and other Commons groupings. The resulting data is intended to be a comprehensive machine-readable source for the study of British politics in the period.
Human Rights is a new online exhibition from The National Archives, which traces the development of rights in Great Britain from the granting of Magna Carta in 1215 to the development of the Welfare State in 1945. This interesting and accessible website will be useful for anyone studying the development of rights, for example in relation to voting, education, trade unions or women. Human Rights is attractively illustrated with digitised images of documents held at The National Archives, including the 1225 version of Magna Carta, a poster of the 'Peterloo Massacre' of 1819 and a leaflet describing the force feeding of Suffragettes in 1909. Where necessary, a full English transcription of the document is provided. The website is divided into six sections, each covering a specific time period, with its own timeline and images. There is a glossary of terms used and an index to the manuscripts.
This website provides an excellent array of resources on some of the United States of America's greatest presidents. The website is run by the Library of Congress - which holds the papers of twenty-three presidents - and provides information on the inaugural addresses and speeches of a number of presidents from George Washington, through FDR, to JFK. The attractively designed website is easy to navigate: there is an overview of the collection and its history; a link to the 'exhibition' which provides information on, and resources relating to, each of the covered president's campaigns and inaugural addresses; a 'checklist of objects', which works as an index of all the materials - arranged chronologically - on the site. This is an interesting site which will primarily prove of use to those unfamiliar with American presidential history.
The website 'Images of American Political History, created by William Ball of the College of New Jersey, provides access to images relating to American political history. These images include: photographs; maps; pictures; cartoons; and facsimile documents. Images can be viewed in two different sizes. Each image is accompanied by a very short description and details of its source. It is possible to search the collection or to browse a roughly chronological list of the images. Some of the images have also been grouped together into ‘special topic’ areas. These are: maps of growth; population and elections; toleration, abolition, suffrage and civil rights; the Capitol and related buildings and the Presidents. The images have been taken from non-copyrighted U.S. governmental holdings and publications. Images have also been taken from publications with expired copyrights.
'Imaging the French revolution' is an online exhibition and "an experiment in digital scholarship" that examines the depiction of those who took part in the French revolution. The website is presented by George Mason University, the University of California, and the American Historical Review. There are eight full-text essays, offered in PDF format. The website contains 42 images, which can viewed in a 'zoom-able' manner via a Flash viewer. There is a complete record of a "spirited online discussion" among the authors of the online essays.
The Imagining History website grew out of the site belonging to the Imagining History project at Queen's University Belfast, which was conceived to investigate the textual transmission of the 'Prose Brut', a late-medieval Middle English chronicle. The project investigated the ethnic and political notions of: English; Welsh; and Irish history in medieval and early modern historiography and received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the research grants scheme. The current form of the website gives access to the output of the original project (descriptions of manuscripts and printed books that included the 'Prose Brut' and some of the descriptive pages of the earlier project website), and promises in future to be a portal to resources for students and scholars of medieval and early modern historiography in English and other European vernaculars. The site is designed as a wiki, and in future users will be able to register to be able to contribute to the wiki.
INCORE (International Conflict Research) is an Ulster University and United Nations University research project dedicated to the study and resolution of ethnic, political and regional conflicts. One of the most interesting aspects of the site is the Conflict Data Service (CDS). This is an invaluable resource on current conflicts. Divided into six sections, the CDS contains country-by-country guides to conflict, thematic guides to conflict (subject headings including religion and ethnicity, for example), peace agreements, an information bank, and a researcher database. The site also contains a yearly digest of conflict information, as well as notices about conferences, publications and research projects. INCORE is closely linked with other similar research units - such as CAIN, ARK and NILT.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Indiana Political, Social and Economic Data by Counties, 1865-1976' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To collect political, social and economic data for each of the ninety-two counties of the American state of Indiana. Most such data are for the twentieth century but a few variables relate to dates between the end of the Civil War in 1865 and 1900. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
The Institut für Frühmittelalterforschung (Institute for early medieval studies) was established in 1964 as an institute of interdisciplinary research. Based at the University of Münster, it brings together archaeologists, theologians, philologists, and historians working in the field of medieval studies, with particular attention given to Germany and Germanic countries. This website provides details of current and past research and projects undertaken by the Institute, which focus largely on the role of the Church. A list of publications published by the Institute is also given, including full contents for its yearbook Frühmittelalterliche Studien (Early medieval studies). One of the highlights of the site is an extensive links section which leads medievalists to relevant Web resources categorised by country or type, such as: libraries; institutes; archives; online publications; and databases. This website is part of a larger resource and would be of value to historians working on this region during the Middle Ages.
The Institute for Psychohistory, headquartered in New York with eighteen centres around the world, is a research centre concerned with the science of historical motivation. Psychohistory tries to combine the methodologies of psychotherapy and social sciences to understand the emotional origins of social and political behaviour. The website of the Institute for Psychohistory provides details of the organisation, their aims and information about their journal ‘The Journal of Psychohistory’. The site provides access to a handful of full-text articles from its journal. There are also three full-text online publications from Lloyd deMause, the director of the Institute. The Institute for Psychohistory hosts an online discussion list, details of which are available from the site. The site also has a list of other relevant links and details of a free online course for those interested in psychohistory.
The website 'International Institute of Social History' (IISH) is the homepage of this Dutch research institution founded in 1935 and based in Amsterdam. It is involved with the documentation of, and research into, social history in general, and the labour movement in particular. The IISH also houses the Netherlands Economic History Archive (NEHA) and the Netherlands Press Museum. The website is available in Dutch and English with some of the information also available in French and German. There is a search engine on the site which aids navigation. The website offers access to a wealth of information about the IISH and its activities; and there is information on events taking place, research, publications and virtual exhibitions of posters and art work. Details of opening hours and borrowing regulations are given. Information about the collections is made available via an online catalogue and an index of archives. Details of projects and digital resources are also available Details are, for example, given of the Occasio project which aims to archive important digital documents related to social, political and environmental issues. There are currently over 900,000 items included on the archive. There is a section on women's history and another on Asian labour. The International Institute of Social History hosts the World Wide Web Virtual Library for labour and business history. The IISH also hosts a discussion list for labour historians.
This website includes links to virtual exhibitions of the International Institute of Social History, Netherlands. For instance, the exhibition "Red-Haired Barbarians" depicts the Dutch and other foreigners in Japan, and "Against Risks and Calamities" contains 56 posters on health and safety at work. The exhibition "The Chairman Smiles" focuses on political posters from the former Soviet Union, Cuba and China, where posters played an important political role and received a large amount of artistic attention. Amongst over 145 images, Soviet posters (33) provide a vivid picture of the Revolution and the following civil war, five-year plans and Stalin dictatorship. Cuban posters concentrate on the country's attempt to follow an independent course, and the Chinese posters contain glorification of the Cultural Revolution and Mao Zedong as well as idyllic pictures of Chinese agricultural communes. By clicking on the 'Go to' link, users can access the relevant part of the exhibition. The images can be enlarged.
'The International Review of Scottish Studies' is a full-text ejournal, published by the Centre for Scottish Studies at the University of Guelph and the Scottish Studies Foundation. At January 2009 there are 33 issues freely available online. The journal contains academic articles and book reviews, and the focus is on Scottish history and literature. Articles can be searched by title, keyword, or author, and articles are presented with abstracts and full-text PDF files. Example articles titles include: 'Pasts, Futures, and Connections between Scotland, Ulster, and Ireland: a critique of some historiographical tendencies'; 'Saints and Sinners: Church Members in Glasgow's East End, 1873-1885'; 'Hugh MacDiarmid and Scottish Identity'; and 'Witchcraft and Family: What Can Witchcraft Documents Tell Us About Early Modern Scottish Family Life?', among many others. The website has details of the Editor, Editorial Team, Board Members, and submissions policy.
This is the website for the International Slavery Museum (ISM) based at the Albert Dock, Liverpool. It opened in August 2007 and is located within the Merseyside Maritime Museum. The museum explores the history of the slave trade and Liverpool's involvement, while addressing issues such as freedom, identity, human rights, racial discrimination and cultural change. The website includes 'Slaves' Stories', an online feature, and information about the history of the development and effects of the slave trade on Europe and Africa. There is a slavery history trail map of the city, archive information and details of the collections at the International Slavery Museum.
The British Film Institute (BFI) 'InView : Moving Images in the Public Sphere' website gives students and teachers access to a selection of films of some of the key social, political and economic issues of the 20th century drawn from the BFI's film and television collections, and those of some their partners: The National Archive; the Parliamentary Broadcasting Unit; the BBC; and Open Media. These full-length films have been catalogued with descriptions and keywords, as well as technical information, as well as links to related video or film, and essays by curators and experts putting the material in context. This learning resource has been funded by the JISC Digitisation Programme, and further content will be added. The best starting-point is to browse by theme. Themes include: UK industry and economy; health; environment; law and order; immigration, race and equality; education; conflict. Each theme is broken down further into more categories. Access to the films themselves is limited to users from UK higher education institutions who should follow the links to login, where their Athens or Shibboleth credentials will be checked. You can stream the films online, or download them in sections ina variety of formats. You may also search the collection, and you can browse by 'collection' (such as National Coal Board or 'After Dark' or party political broadcasts) and by hundreds and hundreds of keywords - all displayed on a single screen.
This is the website of the Irish Labour History Society, which was established in 1973 and is based in Dublin. Dedicated to the study and preservation of trade union and working class history, the society has made great efforts to promote the importance of labour history and the role of the Irish people in labour history. The website makes a small range of resources available to users, namely a list of the publications of the society and a short presentation of their publication, "Saothar". The section dedicated to links to Irish trade unions or other labour related sites was empty at the time of review. The site could offer more information about the research related resources the society holds or the tables of contents of the publications.
The author has compiled and maintains a very long list of links in the following subjects: history; language; periodicals; literature (including Jonathan Swift, Oscar Wilde, George Bernard Shaw, William Butler Yeats, John Millington Synge, James Joyce, Flann O'Brien, Samuel Beckett, Seamus Heaney, and other writers); theatre; mythology (including Cuchulainn, and Fionn and the Fianna); folklore; and fine arts. There is little or no annotation provided, however, the sheer volume of live links merits checking this site for resources relating to Irish culture and the history of Ireland.
Adrift in a sea of polemics and postulation, the wonderful 'Islam and Islamic studies resources' website is a truly welcome presence on the Internet for its commitment to collecting and evaluating useful Internet resources on the Islamic faith. Maintained by Dr Alan Godlas at the University of Georgia, these pages seek to provide a scholarly overview of Islam, and Islam related issues, with the site divided into a series of categories that introduce the reader to an array of historical and contemporary discussions, but which are detailed enough to entice the most discerning of users. By combining introductory summary material with links to additional external sites, the author provides not only a brief tutorial in Islam but simultaneously identifies and critiques the best Islamic resources on the net. Categories include everything from the basic divisions in Islam, to mysticism, science, women's issues, history and art. Most sections offer additional bibliographic material, and new students will find the collection of bibliographic links and glossary of terms especially helpful. Those who wish to learn about Islam through electronic resources while remaining confident of the quality of material would do well to begin here.
This site provides access to an online exhibit maintained by the Fry Collection which is based at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. It comprises a collection of photographic images, posters, pamphlets and propaganda material relating to Italian fascism from 1922 to 1945. Topics covered include: Mussolini's rise to power; Italian fascist foreign policy; fascist propaganda; fascist youth organisations; the relationship between women and fascism and information distributed by opposition groups. The site includes basic accompanying text about the history of the period.
This highly informative and interactive website provides access to details on the itinerant travels of King John of England (1167-1216). King John is perhaps most famous for being the signatory to Magna Carta and for being Robin Hood's enemy. Using Google Maps, the website provides information on where and when King John spent time throughout his reign in England, Wales and France. The time-line of events and movements of King John can be browsed by clicking and dragging the time-line date either to the left or right, to move back and forward in time as desired. The information for the itinerary is taken from 'Rotuli Litterarum Patentium in Turri Londinensi Asservati', edited by Thomas Duffus Hardy and published in 1835, and the website provides some background information on this. There is, moreover, background information on the use of maps and patent roles on the website. The website will be of great value to anyone interested in the reign of King John or Medieval kingship in general and is a fantastic resource.
The Jacobite Heritage website is primarily a collection of online documents illustrating the history of the English and Scottish supporters of the exiled royal house of Stuart in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Over one hundred primary source documents are available which show the intentions of the Jacobites and their opponents in letters, declarations, Acts of Parliaments etc. There is a genealogical tree and brief biographies of the Jacobite Kings and their heirs up to the present day. Also of interest is a section on the Jacobite tradition in music with lyrics and music available; and a delightful array of postcards and photographs from the editor's own collection depicting members of the true Royal Family according to the Jacobites. Frequently updated with new documents, the main strength of the website is the primary source material. Unfortunately it is not supported by a bibliography or links to further resources.
This is the home page of the Jahrbächer für Geschichte Osteuropas (Yearbooks for the History of East Europe), a publication of the East European Institute in Munich. Tables of contents for the journal are the only content available, running back to 1997. From these, it is evident that the journal solicits articles and book reviews with a strong emphasis on the social and political history of Imperial Russia, the Soviet Union, and Russia and the successor states east of Central Europe.Submission information is available on the site, and there is a link to the journal's publisher for subscriptions.
The website "James VI and I" introduces the the Stuart monarch who brought the English and Scottish crowns together in 1603. The site is authored and published by an enthusiast, and provides reference material and primary and secondary resources on this British ruler. The site is split into five sections: Life, Works, Essays, More and Books. Life provides a biography of James, whilst Works offers transcripts of his writings, including A Counterblaste to Tobacco, speeches, edicts and sonnets. Essays provides access to a handful of academic essays concerned with this monarch, and More houses links to further resources, including more biographies, images, analysis of his writings, and additional primary source material. The Books section is a short bibliography of titles concerning James VI and I, with links to Amazon for those who wish to purchase copies. A good link to the full text of the King James Bible is offered on this site.
The website "Jewish Virtual Library" is maintained and compiled by the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE) and this ought to be borne in mind when using or looking at the site. Obviously the site is dominated by literature on the Jewish Holocaust, but there are also sections on Israeli politics, biography, Israel and religion. One of the best sections of this website displays reproductions and excerpts from Judaic treasures of the Library of Congress. It features some beautiful reproductions along with explanations of the works, textual excerpts and links to vocabularly and terminology that may be unfamiliar. On a more contemporary note, US-Israeli relations are outlined in a state-by-state table, with information on trade, grants and educational exchanges. The information on this site must be used with caution, and independently verified.
These Web pages were created by the British Library to mark their purchase of the John Evelyn archive in March 1995. The pages comprise a brief account of John Evelyn's life and a short overview of the contents and importance of the archive, to which this site serves as an introduction. John Evelyn (1620-1706) is known principally for his famous Diary, the most substantial document of its type from the seventeenth century. However, the scope of the archive is much greater, as it includes not only the diary manuscript, but also: literary manuscripts, including unpublished works by Evelyn; correspondence; family papers from the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries; papers of Sir Richard Browne and Sir Edward Nicholas; and the autograph collections of William Upcott, the first editor of the diary. This website therefore promotes both the archive itself and greater understanding of Evelyn's importance in his own milieu. However, the site does not include detailed information on the contents of the archive. The images included in the site can be enlarged. They include: Evelyn's drawings of garden implements; his sketch if his family home, Wotton House; a plan of his own home and garden at Sayes Court; letters from Grinling Gibbons and Samuel Pepys; and a portrait of Evelyn. It is unfortunate that the text of the 'Importance of the archive' section is repeated in several of the other sections of the Web pages. This carelessness detracts from the value of the site.
The JISC Digitisation Programme has funded the work of the Bodelian Library, University of Oxford, to make available online more than 65,000 items from a collection of ephemera originally assembled by the printer John de Monins Johnson (1882-1956). These can be searched online, and you can also browse the collection by category: entertainment (the theatre and popular culture); book trade and publishing; popular prints; crime, murders and executions; and advertising. Images include prints, cartoons, posters, advertisements, with strongest holdings in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The collection documents advertising; art; booktrade; political, religious, social and economic history; printing; private presses; transport; and travel. The political and satirical prints were digitised separately; these include fashion; French wars and revolutions; Ireland; political cartoons; political generally; political squibs of 1792; Queen Caroline; reform bills; religious and ecclesiastical; and taxation. Athens and Shibboleth controls the access to the images themselves, but as long as you are a member of a subscribing UK HE and FE academic institution or accessing the collection from a UK public library you will be able to view the images. As well as the catalogue record you may use the zoom tools available to view the items at full-size.
This is the searchable database of digital images deposited with the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS) by the Bodleian Library, of their collection of printed ephemera, formed by the printer, John de Monins Johnson (1882-1956). The collection of over a million items, and about 700 subject headings, covers the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries, with strongest holdings in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The collection documents advertising; art; booktrade; political, religious, social and economic history; printing; private presses; transport; and travel. The political and satirical prints were digitised separately; these include fashion; French wars and revolutions; Ireland; political cartoons; political generally; political squibs of 1792; Queen Caroline; reform bills; religious and ecclesiastical; and taxation. John de Monins Johnson worked at the Oxford University Press, as a printer for the university, from 1925 to 1946. The collection was transferred to the Bodleian Library in 1968; since then the collection has been added to, with both old and contemporary ephemera.
The Jonathan Dean Swift Seminar Series is a website detailing the yearly symposia on Jonathan Swift and his works held at the Deanery of St Patrick's, Dublin. The site gives details of papers given at the symposia from 2002 onwards, and provides the full texts of many of these. Themes of past symposia include: 'The Satirist and His Faith'; 'Jonathan Swift and the Politics in His Age'; 'The Tercentenary of a Tale of a Tub'; and 'Swift's Contexts'. Upkeep of the site has been somewhat erratic in recent years, and as a result the papers and proceedings for some years are currently undergoing reconstruction. The material here would be of interest to students and researchers working in English literature, politics, or history.
This website presents an electronic edition of Jonathan Swift's 1710-1713 London letter-journal. Each daily entry is published, blog-style, on the equivalent day of the current year. The website is very nicely designed and contains a short biography of Swift; there is, more importantly, a 'clickable' option on the leading and significant contemporaries of Swift mentioned in each entry, which leads to short details and biographies of the figures. This aspect in particular is of high value to people unfamiliar with the major players in the early eighteenth century British political world. There are also bibliographies of relevant works (particularly new editions of Swift's works) and a chronology of Swift's life. The website takes an interesting approach to a valuable source in British political history.
'Joseph Ishill and the authors and artists of the Oriole Press' is a free website from the Special Collections Library at the University of Michigan. Ishill was an active anarchist publisher in New York between 1916 and 1966, and the website states that "fine press enthusiasts ... consider him to be one of the finest American printers and typographers of the twentieth century." The University of Michigan holds a large collection of Ishill's published work. The website contains a short introduction with biographical details and a portrait of Ishill, and a page with detailed descriptions and good images of eight of the most important Oriole Press works.
The website 'Joseph Stalin: bigraphical chronicle' is devoted to the one of the most influential Soviet leaders, Joseph Stalin. It primarily provides biographical information and photographs, dividing the materials chronologically. Highlights of Stalins' biography and of the photographs and audio files on the site are posted on the main page. An index with each year/s of Stalin's life allows the browsing of all the content, with the minute details of the rich material pulling together his personal and political life. Photographs accompany the text. The site also includes a link to the mirror Russian site with a few documentary audio clips and texts of Stalin's speeches and some of his speeches in Real Audio. These speeches include Stalin's thoughts on Lenin, such as "On the Death of Lenin", "Stalin's Letter to Rabochaia Gazeta" and others. The external link to video files was broken at the time of review.
The Journal of British Studies is the website of the journal of the North American Conference on British Studies. The journal is interdisciplinary in nature, covering aspects of British culture from the Middle Ages to the present day, including: literature; art; history; and sociology. The site, hosted by the publisher, University of Chicago Press, provides tables of contents for all issues of the journal from volume 1 (November 1961) to the current issue, as well as a sample full-text issue (January 2007). Articles from volumes 1-41, no.2 (April 2002) are available via JSTOR, with ongoing issues available online to personal subscribers or via institutional libraries. The site also provides: details of the journal's editorial board; submission information for authors; a description of the journal and its aims; a membership database of the North American Conference on British Studies; and journal subscription information. Although the larger part of the journal's readership is stated as North American teachers of British history, this journal would be of interest to anyone studying or teaching British politics and cultural studies, as well as English literature.
Karl Marx / Friedrich Engels is a subsite of Stimmen der proletarischen Revolution (Voices of the Proletarian Revolution), an online compendium of primary source documents of revolutionary movements from the 19th and 20th centuries. The Marx-Engels collection here runs from 1837 to 1895. Documents are transcripts of originals in German, ranging from private letters, articles, to manuscript texts and publications. Topics of note include the Jewish Question and emancipation; anti-Semitism; the role of power in history; the working classes in England, Chartists and the Corn Laws; critiques of Hegelian legal philosophy and state law; speeches on free trade and speeches at economic congresses; commentaries on 19th century political affairs in Europe and Russia; the Communist Manifesto; Das Kapital; and remarks on the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871. This collection will prove helpful for undergraduates and postgraduates who are just starting their research and the site would also make a good teaching tool. The site has its own search engine, with which users can search through the texts of documents. Bibliographical information is posted with each transcription.
A useful bibliographic resource, the Katalog czasopism kulturalnych website details a large number of Polish socio-cultural journals and magazines. The Polish cultural journals catalogue has been published both in print and on the Internet since 1996 by the Stefan Batory foundation. It is a not for profit project which aims to encourage intellectual discussion through journals as well as supporting Polish journals.The catalogue provides bibliographic details for both current electronic and print journals as well as discontinued material. The site covers a wide subject area including theatre, literature, politics, history and society. This site is particularly useful to academics and acquisitions librarians. Each record provides a short abstract: a link to the table of contents if it is only available in print format; details about subscriptions; contact details for the editor; when established; when it ceased publication if it is now discontinued and how frequently it is issued.The site can be searched by title, description, ISSN or by the table of contents.
The website "Khrushchev and Khrushchev: from the Kremlin to Brown University" is the online version of an exhibition organised and hosted by Brown University Library in 2002. It focuses on the visit by the Soviet Premier Nikita Krushchev (1894-1971, premier 1954-1964) to the United States of America in October 1960. The second Krushchev of the exhibition title is his son Sergei Krushchev, who famously took American citizenship in 1999 and donated his father's papers to Brown University Library. The exhibition provides a wonderful insight, through annotated illustrations, into the importance of presenting a unified front in the face of the communist leader. There are sections devoted to Nikita Krushchev, Sergei Krushchev, the publications of Sergie Krushchev, and the memoirs of Nikita Krushchev. Krushchev's memoirs were painstakingly dictated onto a number of tape reels and fortunately copied and deposited in various places. There is currently a project to record and transcribe the materials onto CD-ROM. In addition to the illustrations there is also useful bibliographical information. This site is excellent for those who are researching Soviet history or Soviet-American relations. It also stands alone as an interesting online exhibition.
The website 'Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich' is a chapter of the online reference source taken from the Columbia Electronic Encycloopedia, 6th edition, provided by Information Please, part of Pearson Education. The page focuses on one of the Soviet communist leaders, Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev, who was the General Secretary of the CPSU from 1953 to 1964. It provides information on his early career as well as on his career as Soviet leader. By clicking on the highlighted names and events in the text, users can access information on the person or event concerned. Thus reading about Khrushchev, they are referred to entries on five-year plans; Molotov; Kaganovich; the Cold War; foreign relations with Cuba and Congo, and others. The site also includes a bibliography of further readings on the subject and a link to entries in the e-library connected with this name. Commercial advertising is present on the page.
'The King's Printer Project' is a Leverhume Trust and AHRC-funded project and the website is subtitled 'Politics, Power and the Printed Word in the Reign of James I'. This multidisciplinary research project seeks to establish the networks of power and patronage that permeated the book trade of Jacobean London, and to examine the wider role of the printing press in establishing a national culture. Four international conferences on 'The Jacobean Printed Book' are being held as part of the project. The project has also placed online in full-text the "largest and most detailed tranche of documents relating to a single London printing house in the reign of James I", and this can be freely accessed on the website. The website has full details of the project, the scope, and the key researchers and funders.
The home page of the Kommission für die Geschichte der Habsburgermonarchie, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Commission for the history of the Habsburg monarchy, Austrian Academy of Sciences) introduces the activities and publications of this research institution. Founded in 1959 and now part of the Zentrum Neuzeit- und Zeitgeschichtsforschung (Centre for modern and contemporary historical research), the Commission has devoted itself to the publication of an impressive collection of academic anthologies on the history of the Habsburg empire. These volumes highlight the work of main scholars of the region in several fields, ranging from economic, to social, to military, to constitutional history. The site states that one of the Commission's main goals is to treat this complex topic comprehensively, an aim clearly fulfilled by the organisation's past and ongoing publication history. There are detailed descriptions of the Commission's other research projects and associated multi-volume monograph series: Studien zur Geschichte der österreichisch-ungarischen Monarchie (Studies on the History of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy); Österreichische Städtebücher (Austrian Municipal Books); and Bürgertum in der Habsburgermonarchie (Bourgeois citizenry in the Habsburg monarchy). Navigation is straightforward.
The website 'Labour/Le Travail Journal of Canadian labour studies/Revue d'études ouvrières canadiennes'' is an open-access e-journal, the official publication of the Canadian Committee on Labour History. It is published twice a year. The journal covers the fields of working class history, industrial sociology, labour economics and labour relations. The main geographical focus of the journal is Canada. The website of the journal of Canadian labour studies provides full-text access to the journal, with one year rolling wall between the print and the online issues. Abstracts are in both English and French. The website has subscription information and a set of annotated links. There are various options for finding data from the journal archives: through a search key or browsing by author, title or year.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Labour Elites and Electorates in Glasgow, 1922-1974' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To analyse changes within and between the social composition of Labour Party local leaders, and of their electoral base, in the given period. The overall objective was to test some hypothesis about the disappearance of 'Red Clydeside' after 1922, particularly the hypothesis that a proportion of the elites, and a larger proportion of the electors were not red, but green. To compile a reliable record of municipal election results for the period. The data consists of: Municipal election results, with party labels and pattern of contest recorded; Biographical data on all (n=351) Glasgow Labour Councillors, recording occupation, religion, and votes on various cross-party issues; Socio-economic data for all wards at 5 censuses, recording Labour vote and indices of class, religion, temperance and Protestantism for each Ward, where available. The data is available to order from the HDS as SPSS portable files or tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
The Labour History section of the WWW Virtual Library, part of the WWW VL History Network, is maintained by the International Institute of Social History and the Netherlands Economic History Archive in Amsterdam. It contains over 1,700 links to organisations, archives, libraries, museums, research institutions and resources around the world in the field of economic and social history - especially related to the fields of labour. The links include educational resources as well as directories of trade associations, however most content relates to historical study. As well as browsing the links by category and in alphabetical order, it is also possible to search the collection of links, and using the same search engine you can interrogate other resources hosted by the International Institute of Social History, (including: Labour History News; Labour History Journals; LabNet; Asian Labour; Dutch Company Archives; Women's History; Digital Social History; Alternative Germany; Russian Archives; Communist Posters; and Art to the People). Although this resource is presented in HTML only, the links collected here can be viewed using a Lynx Text Browser, accessible via the History Network's Central Catalogue.The collection is kept up-to-date, and statements such as "New", "Updated" and "Lost" identify recent changes. "Labour and Business History" has received excellent reviews from general search engines as well as being recommended by The Economist, the European Business History Association, and the History Channel.
The Lady Jane Grey website is dedicated to the young Tudor Queen whose reign lasted only nine days. Jane, the great-granddaughter of Henry VII, was proclaimed Queen in 1553, although soon deposed by Queen Mary. This website takes the reader through her life, presenting summaries of important historical events and significant personal developments, such as Jane's arrival at court as a lady-in-waiting for Queen Consort Katherine Parr and the deaths of Henry VIII and Edward VI, which led to her coronation. There are various pictures that help to illustrate Jane's short life, as well as an explanation of the events which led to her imprisonment. A brief section investigates the historical accuracy of the film 'Lady Jane' produced in 1968. Additionally available is a bibliography and links to other relevant websites.
The Lady Jane Grey Internet Museum is an online collection, primarily consisting of images of the ill-fated Lady Jane Grey from books, films and illustrations produced since her execution in February 1554. The collection is most obviously of interest to historians, but also provides material of use to those studying the media or art history. The site catalogues the changing image of Jane over five centuries, and debates the provenance of early images of Lady Jane. The collection is the work of enthusiast Sonja Marie Isaacs, but the inclusion of items such as an essay by John Stephen Edwards, University of Boulder-Colorado and images submitted by historian and author, Alison Weir, help to add an academic element. The site provides biographical information on Lady Jane Grey together with analysis on the way different biographies and the other material in the collection relate to known fact. The site's editor gives thoughtful comments on the very large collection of material, as well as providing links to related sites of interest. The site is fairly straightforward to use, and is regularly updated, with links to recent and previous additions given to help regular users of the site navigate to the what is new on the site.
This website aims 'to provide a guide to the location of information about Lady Jane Grey the nine days queen, including primary accounts, paintings, her own writings, legends, media representations and a general bibliography'. Lady Jane Grey reigned for only nine days, after the death of Edward VI in 1533 and before Mary Tudor succeeded to the throne. Upon Mary's seizing of power, Lady Grey was imprisoned in the Tower of London and eventually executed. This website presents biographical information of Lady Grey, primary accounts, a blog on nine-day-queen-related issues, various links to other relevant websites, a time-line of events, and a quite substantive bibliography. The website is easy to navigate and will be of use to anyone with an interest in the issues of Protestant succession in the British Isles, the Tudor dynasty, or Medieval/Early Modern British history in general.
The website of the Editori Laterza makes available audio books and online recordings of a series of lectures given by various historians and academics. Each cycle of lectures is dedicated to a select topic. At time of review these included: The age of Rome; 20th century Italy; On the scene of Rome; The days of Rome. Various historians - such as: Canfora Luciano, Gentile Emilio, Pavone Claudio, Vidotto Vittorio and several others - present their lectures on a wide range of aspects within a specific subject. These, for example, include: the foundation of Rome; the Sack of Rome; the 8th September 1943; the murder of Aldo Moro and many more. In addition to the recordings, a short synopsis is available for each presentation. Recordings for the most recent series of lectures - entitled "The years of Florence" and "The faces of power" - are currently unavailable, but should be added to the website in due course. This site would be of great interest to historians, researchers and students, presenting the opportunity to listen to talks given by eminent scholars within the field of their own expertise.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Law-making in Wales : an Online Analysis" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The purpose of this project was to create a database that would be of use to the academic, public and professional communities that would wish to examine the National Assembly for Wales's functions. It does this by analysing all of the functions exercisable by the Assembly in terms of the 18 subject headings set out in Schedule 2 to the Government of Wales Act 1998. Each entry summarises their statutory authority, purpose and legal effect. The online analysis, which is free to all users, has provided the raw material for official enquiries and academic research into the Assembly's functions.
The League of Nations Photo Archive is an online database of images documenting the international organisation from its creation in 1920 to demise in 1946. The database contains about 1,300 photographs, which can be browsed by category or searched by keyword. The categories are personalities, assemblies, councils, delegations, commissions, conferences, the Secretariat, the Permanent Court of International Justice, the International Labor Organization, and various. In addition there are digitised copies of two print publications, The Illustrated Album of the League of Nations, and The League of Nations: A Pictorial Survey, and a PDF copy of the overall history entitled: The Aims, Methods and Activities of the League of Nations. The site also features technical information, a collection of reference sources, and a detailed bibliography for those wishing to make further research.
The website "Learning Curve: Heroes and Villains" is part of the National Archives' educational programme. It examines key figures of the 20th century and the issues they were confronted with, and asks the student to judge whether they deserve to be remembered as a villain or hero. Basic evidence is presented, but these sites can be used as a springboard for discussion. Topics examined include: Mussolini and Abyssinia; Stalin's industrialisation of the Soviet Union; Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb; John F. Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis; and Winston Churchill and Dresden. In each section a helpful timeline of important events is provided. The attraction of this site is the primary documentation that accompanies the discussions.
LeMo Archiv, the living virtual museum online, is an outstanding online archive and teaching resource produced by the German Historical Museum in Berlin. It has a number of online teaching aids and other tools aimed at helping students. Local German schools affiliated with the LeMo Archive through museum outreach are linked via the teaching aids site. Teachers and students of German will find the site most informative and enjoyable: there are good illustrated historical essays covering different periods of German history during the 20th century. The essays also link to many supporting contemporary audio and text documents. Researchers in German History and German Studies will also benefit, as the site posts memoirs and letters from individuals from the First World War onwards under the heading 'Kollektive Gedächtnis' (Collective Memory). The most helpful section, however, falls obscurely under the site's 'Suche' (Search) subsite, which opens surprisingly onto a large collection of online primary sources and historical aids, including: important audio recordings; illustrated biographies of noted figures; timelines; laws, news items and speeches; a visual online archive of posters, icons, flyers and maps; statistics; and videos. Parts of the site are available in either 3D (VRML) or 2D (HTML) formats; technical advice for the necessary plug ins is provided. The site has a Web cam with views of the LeMo office space and surroundings in Berlin; it also features an archived online forum with commentary from site visitors going back to 1998 -- whether good, bad or indifferent.
The website forms part of a site which includes works by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, and Mao Zedong. Established in 1997, this Internet library contains full versions of Lenin's works in English, written between 1893 and 1923. All the works can be searched by year. For example, the year of 1893 includes New Economic Developments in Peasant Life and On the So-Called Market Question. The site also contains Lenin's letters to Stalin, Leon Trotsky and others, as well as the Journal of Lenin's duty secretaries from November 1922 to March 1923. All the works, unless otherwise noted, are from V.I. Lenin, Collected works, 4th English edition, Moscow, 1960-1972. The site also includes an internal search engine, through which users can enter their own search terms.
The National Library of Wales publishes this online database of letters from British Prime Minister David Lloyd George to his brother William George. They are part of the William George Papers purchased by the National Library in 1989. The database contains 3,292 letters written over a period of more than fifty years, from 1886 to 1943. The majority of the letters are from the years prior to 1917. The letters can be browsed by date, but they are not always easy to read and there are no transcriptions available, which would have been useful. There is an introduction to the letters, describing a little about the contents and their importance to political history.
The website Letters of a Victorian Lady is a compilation of a series of letters sent from abroad, from Ada E. Leslie (b. 1860) to her cousin, Mary Ann Galsworthy (1853-1920). While Ada is not a recognisable figure in history, her letters are valuable resources for the information they hold. She travelled a great deal as a governess, from England to India, initially, back to England, and then, what appears to be constant travel for the next 10 years. Upon her arrival in Berlin she was employed by the future Kaiser Wilhelm II, and eventually became a lady in waiting for his sister Sophie, the granddaughter of Ada's own queen, Victoria I. She records in her letters, descriptions of cities, activities of the royal family, and an insight into the life of a Victorian governess. This site offers all this information about the author of the letters. They are now owned and published by the great grandson of the addressee of the letters. This page could be of use to those researching workingwomen, governesses, travel, and the royal families of Europe.
This resource consists of letters written by Dorothy Moore, a mid-seventeenth century intellectual who held a significant role in religious, political, scientific and educational change in the period 1635-1661. It attempts to gather into one place her letters in order to provide an insight into women's work in the commonwealth period, and into developments in rhetorical communication. This resource is available via the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) website, as a downloadable Microsoft Word file. It is necessary to apply for approval from the OTA before download, and a link is provided to the terms and conditions of use, and a form to apply for permission.
This site provides access to a selection of letters written by the King of Spain (Philip II) between 1592 and 1597. The majority of the letters are addressed to Don Diego de Orellana de Chaves, the Royal Governor of Spain's northern coast during the naval war against England and France from 1592 to 1597. The letters are arranged in chronological order. The letters are available as facsimile copies of the originals and as transcriptions. All the letters are in Spanish but have an English summary. The site has approximately 180 letters which are arranged in chronological order. The collection of letters is held by the Special Collections Department of the Harold B Lee Library at Brigham Young University, and have not been previously published. The website has been developed by Richard Hacken.
The Richard Cobden Letters Project is based in the University of East Anglia (UEA). It aims to make available via the Internet the full-text of the letters of Richard Cobden (1804-1865). Cobden was a leading English radical of the 19th century who was instrumental in the founding of the Anti-Corn Law League and the campaign for international free trade. His letters form an important source for the study of economic history. The website currently provides information on the purpose and the progress of the project, and on the letters themselves. It also includes access to a biography of Cobden, and links to related websites. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (now the AHRC) within the Resource Enhancement scheme.
The Library of the London School of Economics is one of the world's largest Social Science libraries. This site provides information and online access to some of its famous pamphlet collection. The pamphlet collection contains over 90,000 items dating from the nineteenth century to the present day, including large number of items published by pressure groups, think tanks and political organisations. Topics covered include: British history; politics; economic history; social policy; the Poor Law and the Origins of the Welfare state; the origins and development of the National Health Service (NHS); housing; labour and the trade unions; employment; and transport. The Web page includes information on how to locate the pamphlets using the LSE Library catalogue. It also provides free access to digitised images of several hundred of them. The online versions cover social policy (including the history of the NHS and welfare state) and transport (with a special focus on the railways). They are made available in PDF Format. Links to the full-text are embedded in the descriptions of the collection.
"The Life and Tragedy of Alexandra Feodorovna" is a hypertext of the biography written by Baroness Sophie Buxhoeveden to honour and commemorate her friend, the last Tsarista of Russia. The Baroness became a lady-in-waiting to Alexandra in 1904, and in 1913 her official Lady-in-waiting, and therefore had direct contact with the royal family and often commented that she felt part of the family. The Baroness accompanied the royal family during their exile to Tolbosk in 1917, and writes of her first hand experience with the journey and the actions of the Tsar and his family. The biography begins at Alexandra's childhood and her relationship with her mother Princess Alice, Victoria I's daughter. The chapters follow Alexandra's life through her engagement and conversion, motherhood, her involvement with Rasputin, and finally to the revolution, the abdication, and exile. This is an ideal website for those looking far a primary resource on the Alexandra and her family. The site contained some broken internal links at the time of last review.
This website, from Northern Illinois University Libraries, presents a wealth of information on the early life, career and ideals of Abraham Lincoln. Primary documents and historical analysis of early 19th century Illinois are presented, using the life and times of Abraham Lincoln as a device to view "antebellum Illinois society" (that is Illinois society before the American Civil War 1861-1865). The website is attractively designed and easy to navigate. A number of broad headings provide simple access to the materials. These headings include historical themes (African-American and American Racial Attitudes; Economic Development and Labour; Frontier Settlement; Law and Society; Native American Relations; Political Development; Religion and Culture; and Women and Gender). The bulk of the materials (which does include images, videos and sound) available on this site, from the Abraham Lincoln Historical Digitization Project (of the Northern Illinois University Libraries Digitization Unit), are full-text primary documents which are searchable. Lincoln/Net also provides audio files of songs of the time period, particularly from presidential campaigns from 1840-1860, interactive maps, and video clips of noted scholars in the field discussing their analyses of the issues. Some specific important events are looked at in depth, such as the Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858 and the Black Hawk War (1832-1833). A teacher's resource area is included, offering lesson plans for secondary school level which utilize the primary documents available on the website.
This website documents an AHRC-funded collaboration between the University of Liverpool’s School of History and the Liverpool Record Office to computerise the city’s unique local studies sheaf catalogue and create resource finding guides, essays and commentaries around the most important historical writing about Liverpool. These are available online (as will the catalogue be, on its completion in 2009) and cover seven different topics: Archive Sources – introductions to conducting research in the record office; Culture; Maritime and port history, including shipping companies, emigration and the slave trade; Politics; Society; Urban history, building and planning, including the city’s architecture; Work, business and the economy. The project builds on the 2006 publication ‘Liverpool 800: Culture, Character and History’. This website is a very useful resource for anyone embarking on the study of the city of Liverpool.
The Lollard Society website provides information about this academic association dedicated to the study of Lollardy. The site is presented in blog format, and offers relevant news and announcements, including calls for papers and conference details. Available elsewhere on the site are society membership information, and perhaps most usefully for the serious scholar, a series of bibliographies, covering both primary and secondary texts. Where the texts listed are out of copyright, a PDF version of the full work is sometimes provided. Also known as Wycliffism (because its member followed the teachings of John Wycliffe) Lollardy was a religious and political movement which flourished in England between the mid 14th century and the Reformation, and which was characterised by criticism of the western church.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Long-Term Changes in Nutrition, Welfare and Productivity in BritainHeights and Ages of Sandhurst Recruits, 1808-1893' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To use information about the heights of the British since the middle of the eighteenth century to describe their nutritional status and to explore its relationship to the welfare and productivity of that population. The data is available to order from the HDS as SPSS por files or tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of height, age, year of recruitment and fees (indicating income level of parent).
The "Lunacy Commission, A Study of its Origin, Emergence and Character" is a somewhat busy, but extremely useful, website is published by an academic at Middlesex University. It is an online monograph on the history of the Lunacy Commission in England and Wales. The book features an introductory chapter, which outlines the establishment of the Lunacy Commission as a government department in the mid-nineteenth century, and its evolution over the years, as well as examining its predecessors in full too. The subsequent chapters look at the individual commissions that preceded the Lunacy Commission, with a chapter each on the organisation and development of the Physician, Metropolitan, and Inquiry Commissions. The two final chapters provide a directory of commissioners, with biographies, and a list of relevant statutes with reference information.
This Web page is the personal site of the Gibraltarian historian M. G. Sanchez. The website contains a lot of historical material relating to the colony of Gibraltar. The material available is perhaps a little eclectic - ranging from historical documents on topics as varied as alcohol, prostitution and eighteenth-century poems to a list of famous authors and their works on Gibraltar (including Benjamin Disraeli; Sir Walter Scott; and Mark Twain), books on Gibraltar and Gibraltarian photographs. The amount of information available is impressive, but as there is no real introduction to the history of Gibraltar and no real discussion or annotation of the available sources, this site would perhaps not be especially beneficial to those unaware of the issues and themes in the history of the rock.
This Britania.com website contains a transcription of the Magna Carta: 'The Great Charter of English liberty granted (under considerable duress) by King John at Runnymede on June 15, 1215'. The Magna Carter was executed in order to prevent a conflict arising over the taxes John was attempting to take from his barons. The document was originally a list of baronial complaints against the king, but it soon became the first explicit definition of the limits of the monarch's power. The site contains the full-text of the Magna Carta, and includes further information about the terminolgy used and its legal implications. The site contains advertising.
Through the Treasures in Full section of the British Library website, users can access a high quality digitised image of one of the four surviving copies of Magna Carta of 1215, with a full English translation of the original Latin text. This document is held by the British Library, shelfmark MS Cotton Augustus II 106. Anyone interested in history, citizenship and the development of human rights, whether student, researcher or academic, will be interested in the copy of Magna Carta made available through this website. Magna Carta is available here as a document image which is presented in a pop-up manuscript viewer, which can be used to zoom into sections of the document and to navigate around it. This permits close inspection of the text, which will be both interesting to the general viewer and useful for students of manuscript studies. However, it is not very useful for reading the document in sequence. The document is supplemented by a brief introduction that gives an account of events leading up to the signing of the Articles of the Barons at Runnymede and the subsequent production of Magna Carta. The translation also has supporting text on historical context and how the Magna Carta affected groups and individuals. In addition, users can view video clips of answers to frequently asked questions about the Magna Carta, which require Windows Media Player.
This website, the Making of America Project (MOA) from Cornell University and the University of Michigan, aims to make available online primary sources documents relating to the early infrastructure of the United States. To that end, the website provides free access to a number of sources - including, as of October 2009 - 907,750 pages, or 267 serial volumes monograph, available in 955 volumes - detailing American history from the antebellum period through to reconstruction. There are a number of resources available, and they can be either browsed through or searched by keyword. A fantastic resource which will be of great value to those interested in the foundations of the American state and nation, and American history during the long nineteenth century.
The website "Making of the United Kingdom" is another excellent resource from Spartacus, aimed at A and AS Level History students and their teachers. Covering the early modern period from 1485 to 1750, it charts the influence of the Tudor, Stuart and Hanoverian dynasties on the creation of the eventual United Kingdom. This was implemented in stages including the personal union of James VI and I in 1603 and the Act of Union in 1707. The site provides potted biographies, explanations and narratives divided into the following areas: biographies 1485-1600; events and issues 1485-1600; biographies 1600-1750; and events, issues and organizations 1600-1715. Presented in a table of links the site is easy to navigate and excellent as a reference resource. The text contains embedded links to other pertinent sections of the Spartacus site and glossaries.
Making the History of 1989 is an online resource for teaching history at undergraduate level, focusing on the collapse of communism across the GDR and Eastern Europe. Created by the Center for History and New Media with input from historians and political scientists, it makes available diverse primary source material with detailed guidance on how to use it for teaching purposes. Clear and easy to use, the site comprises: a lengthy introductory essay covering events across East Germany, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Albania, Romania and Yugoslavia, setting them in historical, political and geographical context; primary sources (translated documents and images) organised by country and tagged for effective searching; video interviews with scholars who personally experienced these events, in thematic sections with transcripts; teaching modules and case studies for classroom use. Modules include: the Catholic Church in Poland; nationalities in the USSR; economies in transition; everyday life in Eastern Europe; Solidarity; the unique experience of Romania. Each module provides: selected primary sources; teaching strategies; lesson plans; source-based questions; an annotated bibliography.
This Open University website accompanies a series of BBC Four television lectures delivered by Mark Steel, stand-up comedian, journalist and political satirist. The series is an adaptation of Steel's earlier broadcasts on Radio 4 and presents the left-wing comedian's own opinions on the lives and works of "people with a passion" (including Aristotle, Byron, Cromwell, Darwin, Descartes, Marx, Newton, Paine, and Pankhurst). The television lectures were well-researched, and are forcefully and clearly delivered. They avoid comical lecturing, but comedy pervades every episode. Genuine historical comment and insight captures the attention of all - including the "MTV generation". Although obviously accessible for the general reader, the website will be of interest for school and undergraduate students. As well as information about the presenter, the site includes brief essays by Open University tutors on the Steel's lectures and their subjects: Aristotle (by Jon Pike); George Gordon, Lord Byron (by Hamish Johnson); Charles Darwin (by Paul Underhill); Sigmund Freud (by Richard Stevens); Karl Marx (by Sue Hemmings); Isaac Newton (by Robin Wilson). There is also the opportuntiy to follow the history of thought and philosophy further with links to Open University courses, and an email discussion forum about the lectures.
This site forms part of the Marxists Internet Archive. It is creating a collection of online primary and secondary resource materials relating to revolutionary movements of the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries. Specific topics covered include: The Paris Commune (1871); The Russian Revolution and Soviet Communist government (1917-1991); The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939); Cuban Missile Crisis and the communist government of Cuba from 1959 to the present day; the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and government of the region (1979-1989) and revolutionary movements in the United States (1945-1970). Each section contains a history of the movement and free access to full-text documents which typically include: photographs, treaties, declassified government papers and political writings. There is an emphasis upon collecting materials written by workers' groups such as political pamphlets and revolutionary songs. Links are provided to secondary commentary and other related sites. Users should note that the site is largely supportive of the Marxist viewpoint.
The Marxists Internet Archive is an extensive resource which aims to provide access to texts by and about Marxist thinkers. Marxists.org presents a sizeable number of texts by key thinkers such as Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Il'ich Lenin and Leon Trotsky. The most interesting feature about the site however is its pedagogical intent. Those familiar with Marxism will find the resource very useful, but those new to Marxism can receive what is, in effect, a crash course in dialectical materialism. Explaining basic tenets, such as the theory of surplus value and alienation, Marxism.org is a powerful site devoted to spreading the word of Marx and resolving misconceptions about his legacy. The site is divided into five main sections: Marxist writers; Marxist history; subject archive; reference writers; encyclopaedia of Marxism. There is also a students' section presenting selected foundational texts as an introduction to early Marxism. Marxist writers is the largest section, holding over 500 texts. Large collections of works are available in electronic form for Marx and Engels; Lenin; Trotsky; James Connolly; Daniel DeLeon; Rosa Luxemburg; and John MacLean. Smaller collections exist for writers like Evald Ilyenkov, Karl Kautsky, and Max Shachtman. The Marx and Engels, and Lenin archives are the most substantial, each holding over 200 works as well as correspondence, biographies, photographic images and a subject index. The Marxist history section contains substantial material for the study of the Paris commune and early Soviet history. The subject archive deals with themes like anti-imperialism and Marxism in Africa, political economy, the German Revolution, and the Praxis Group. The section on reference writers draws attention to individuals whose works assist in understanding Marxist concepts. Writers for whom biographies and excerpts are provided include Ludwig Feuerbach; Georg Hegel; Jean-Paul Sartre; Albert Einstein; Charles Darwin; Georgi Dimitrov; and Thomas More. The entire site with all its texts and secondary material is also available on CD-ROM. Work on the site is undertaken by a team of volunteers. The contributions of the volunteers and the overall management of the site is governed by a constitution reflecting the spirit of Marxist thought.
The website "Medieval Europe" was prepared for a history course on Medieval Europe at the University of Boise. It is an excellent resource for online texts on the subject. The website contains pages of Primary and Secondary sources on the topic of Medieval Europe. Topics include: The Dark Ages, monasticism, the Carolingians, universities, plague, heresy, the Hundred Years War. Primary sources can sometimes be difficult to find the deeper into history you are looking; this website contains primary sources such as the Seven Sacraments, The Rule of St. Columba, St. Benedict, and St. Frances, and a description of the medieval city Clairvaux (c. 1143), also texts on law and governements; popes and emperors; cities and commerce; and society ills. These texts are mostly from the Internet Medieval Sourcebook. A list of general reference works is available.
This website provides an excellent introduction to, and a wealth of information on, the Medieval period. Some of the website's sections include: biographies and timelines of the kings of England and other famous people; the crusades; clothing and fashion entertainment; food; religion; art and music; weapons and castles; medicine; crime and punishment; and the culture of the period. Each section is further divided - with easy-to-use general headings - with a large amount of information provided under each topic.
The Medieval Review (TMR, formerly known as the Bryn Mawr Medieval Review) is an online journal sponsored by the Medieval Studies Institute at Indiana University, Bloomington. The journal publishes reviews of books and other research resources within medieval studies (broadly defined) and distributes them via a moderated email list. The TMR website gives details of how to subscribe to the email list (free of charge) as well as giving access to an archive of reviews dating from 1993 to 2009. (Reviews published after 2009 are available at the Indiana University Scholar Works Repository). Archived reviews may be browsed by year or the full text searched by keyword. Each review is also available as an SGML file (encoded according to the TEI Guidelines). Reviews to date have included books on the following subject areas: Chaucer; Heloise and Abelard; rhetoric and art; 14th century Paris; witches in the early modern age; Hincmar; suicide in the Middle Ages; Joan of Arc; scribal practice; early English drama; and Foucault and Scholastic thought. At least 100 reviews are published by the Medieval Review in any one year. This resource would be of use to students and researchers working on the medieval period from an interdisciplinary stance.
Developed from the Manchester University Press Medieval Sources series, Medieval Sources online is a Web-based based learning resource containing hundreds of original medieval history documents compiled for the teaching and study of history. With a yearly subscription to the site, students and teachers can have open and unrestricted access, through their own computers, to high quality history resource material. Medieval Sources online is "designed to be fully integrated with undergraduate courses, and is intended as a one-stop answer for many medieval history students, academics and researchers". Medieval Sources online is organised according to subject matter. The site's excellent and intuitive search engine makes it simple to browse for the texts or beautifully rendered images that are available. The site also provides a portal (freely available to non-subscribers) to other online resources relating to the study of the Middle Ages. Subjects covered by this free portal include: women in medieval times; the black death; the Crusades; Monasticism; the Norman Conquests; and Medieval warfare. The resource would be of value to anyone with an interest in the teaching of Medieval history, and further education or undergraduate level.
Medievalists.net is a website offering news and resources relating to all aspects of medieval studies. The site is aimed at anyone interested in the medieval period, from academics to interested readers, to re-enactors and beyond. The site provides resources or links under different headings, including: news (stories in the media with medieval connections); books; videos; academia; fiction; movies; music; blogs; travel; and games. By far the largest and most varied of these is the 'articles' section, which provides a large database of interdisciplinary academic articles, each tagged by subject and keywords for easier browsing using the site's 'Subject Guide' (the site can also be searched in its entirety by keyword). Subjects covered include: archaeology; art history; literature (several languages); drama; demography; and economics. The database is a work in progress, with over 400 articles already at the time of writing, some available as PDF files and others as text. Videos of a number of academic lectures on various subjects are also available, as are links to book reviews and information on courses in medieval subjects worldwide. This is a varied and interesting resource, covering a wide scope of subject areas.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Members of the House of Commons : Great Britain, 1841-1847' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a SPSS portable file or a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. To study the social and economic composition of Parliament (1841-1847) and the political behaviour of the men who sat in it. The variables include: Details of constituency (location, number of seats, number of registered voters) place of residence, whether father or other relative was a member of Parliament for any constituency, respondent's and father's occupations (affiliation if barrister, banking connection, business interest). Social class, whether title held, date of earliest family title, further education, entry into Parliament (date, age, whether present during 1841 election and/or 1847 dissolution), local offices held. Number of divisions in which respondent participated, the fit of each divisional decision (if it did fit) in each of the 24 scales used in the project. Issues included: political reform, income tax, corn laws, landed interest, working class distress, Ireland, religion, factory legislation, public health, Canada wheat, Poor Law, etc.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Members of the House of Commons : London, 1852-1867' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. To study the social and economic composition of Parliament (1852 - 1867) and the political behaviour of the men who sat in it. The variables include: Political party of respondent, whether married at time of election, nationality, date and place of birth, occupation, social class, whether titled, legal status, career history, office held, membership of clubs, details of elections fought and results, number of relatives involved in politics. Also the respondent's voting behaviour for issues between 1852 and 1867, for example: franchise, ballot procedures, church rates, Ireland, foreign policy, education, armed forces, taxes, etc.
Merrie Haskell's King Arthur site is a website devoted to Arthurian history and literature. The site is divided into three main sections: 'Frequently Asked Questions; 'The Basics'; and 'Additional Information'. Under these headings, the author outlines some of the main: characters; locations; legends; and historical sources connected with Arthur. There are also short bibliographies relating to fiction and non-fiction Arthurian books, and links to more extensive external bibliographies. The site is the work of an enthusiast, but would make a good introduction for students new to Arthurian literature.
The Merseyside Maritime Museum's collections focus on the international importance of Liverpool as a gateway to the world, including the city's role in the transatlantic slave trade and emigration. The website includes information on transatlantic slavery, with links to the newly established International Slavery Museum (ISM). The site also contains a bibliography on the transatlantic slave trade, and links to sites of further interest; information on the archives and library (which contains UK merchant shipping records); and a feature on the Battle of the Atlantic and the role of the Merchant Navy, as well as Liverpool. Visitor information is included.
The website "Mir istorii" (The World of History) is a Russian language electronic journal, which was launched in 1999. The journal, and the website accordingly, have the following five main sections: glavnaia stranitsa (main page); novosti (news); anonsy (announcements); ssylki (references); arkhiv (archive); biblioteka (library). The main page focuses on the latest issue. It includes articles on the datation of the Song of Igor's campaign, the 1942 Kharkhov disaster, reviews of Hungarian historical monographs and reviews . In the archive section users can find materials from all the previous issues. In the library section one can read the introduction and the chapter on Columbus from the book by V.A. Subbotin "Velikie otkrytiia: Kolumb, Vasko da Gama, Magellan". In "Announcements" users can find information about forthcoming conferences. The site does not disclose any information about the editorial board of this journal.
This Web page on the website of the Intercollegiate Studies Institute gives free and open access to a 50 year digital archive of the journal 'Modern Age', one of the leading journals in post-1945 political philosophy. Journal issues are in full-text form, and may be downloaded as PDF files. 'Modern Age' is described as... "the principal quarterly of the intellectual Right", and its online archives date back to 1957. This will be a useful resource for historians of politics, especially in the English-speaking world. There appears to be no keyword search option, but using Google to search for: keyword site:www.isi.org/journals/archive/ will serve the same function.
The website"Modern History Sourcebook: Queen Elizabeth I of Englad" is a section from Paul Halsall's excellent website Internet Modern History Sourcebook, which has been devised to provide free online access to primary source texts. This particular section of the sourcebook provides a selection of Elizabeth I's writing and speeches, spanning the years of her reign, from 1558 until 1603. Seven extracts have been selected, and they include the response to a parliamentary delegation on her marriage, a speech on religion, the response to King Erik of Sweden's marriage proposal, another later response to a parliamentary delegation on her marriage, another later speech on religion, her response to the Polish Ambassador who had criticised her actions in regards to the Spanish monarchy, and her famous 'farewell' Golden Speech to parliament in 1601. This is a useful resource for those studying Tudor and Elizabethan history.
The Modern Records Centre at the University of Warwick has the aim of collecting and making sources for British political, social and economic history, in particular labour history, industrial relations and industrial politics, available for research. The website of the Modern Records Centre provides summary information about the collections that it holds, which can be explored in the "our holdings" or in the "subject guide" sections. Some of the subjects have PDF formatted text guides. The archive catalogues can be accessed from the site. The largest colelctions at the Mddern Records Centre are: Trade Union Congress; Richard Crossman's papers; Victor Gollancz's papers; Transport and General Workers' Union; Confederation of British Industry; and National Cycle Archive. Further resources posted on the Modern Records Centre website are posted under the "Resources for Warwick modules", where the Documents online can be found. Archival documents from the Modern Records Centre concerning topics from 19th and 20th century British history are available. Also, this section offers "ready made searches" of the catalogues, listing documents on certain themes of European history. Practical information about the archives, opening hours, contact information and news are posted on the site. Links to online guides to archival holdings are available. This is a valuable resource tool for students and scholars.
This website provides information regarding the contents and structure of the Mountbatten Papers Database created and hosted by the Special Collections Department of the University of Southampton Libraries. Online access to the database is by permission only, but the website contains an application form the submission of which will normally result in researchers being granted 12 months' access upon acceptance of the terms and conditions of use. The database contains detailed descriptions of papers belonging to the late Louis, Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900-1979), and Edwina, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1901-1960) that are currently to be found in the Broadlands archives of the University of Southampton, as well as a glossary of terms and abbreviations used in the descriptions, along with a summary catalogue. The Mountbatten Papers collection consists of approximately 300,000 items that touch on both the private and the public life of Earl Mountbatten and his family, and include around 50,000 photographs. Among the papers one can find documents related to his role as a military commander during World War II, his position as the last Viceroy (and later first Governor General) of India, his appointments as Sea Lord and as Chief of the UK Defence Staff in the later stages of his career.
The website 'Multitext Project in Irish History' of the University College Cork is an ambitious project to publish a minimum of 12 books online for various periods of Irish history. At the time of review, 5 books were available, covering altogether the period from 1498 to 1993. The books are structured similarly in four main parts: perspectives; key concepts; personalities; and case studies. The website itself is arranged according to the same sections, where all themes under a category are listed. Thus, the contents of the books can be navigated from various angles. A search through Multitext is also possible. This is an important resource for students by making available online this useful handbook on Irish history.
The website Museum of Communism has been compiled by Professor Bryan Caplan of the George Mason University, Virginia. It provides a good introduction to the basic tenets and history of communism and although it focuses primarily on Russia and the Soviet Union, it also features information on communist states such as Cambodia, Vietnam, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. The site is easy to navigate and allows the user to progress through discussions of different aspects of communism and its history following the route that they chose. There are exhibits on relevant subjects, including Szobor Park (Statue Park) in Hungary, Anti-communism in US Foreign Affairs, and Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War. Some of the chapters are still under development. A good site for A and AS level students and lazy undergraduates.
Launched in 2007 and published twice a year this electronic journal focuses on the interaction of music and politics. It examines "the impact of politics on the lives of musicians, music as a form of political discourse, the influences of ideology on musical historiography and pedagogical issues and strategies related to the study of music and politics in an undergradaute curriculum." In addition to articles by scholars across multiple disciplines of musicology, political science, history and sociology, there are also lists of new books, recordings and DVD's published in the last six months related to music and politics.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Name, Residence, Vote and Occupation for the 1852 and 1857 Sheffield General Elections' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as an Access 97 or tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The research project set out in 1985 to investigate the claim made by Martin J. Wiener in 'English culture and the decline of the industrial spirit: 1850-1980' (Cambridge University Press, 1982) that Tory political support was inimical to the growth of industrial capitalism. An ancillary aim of the project was to explore the political allegiance of the membership of the Sheffield Club. In order to achieve both of these aims information from the poll books for the 1852 and 1857 Sheffield elections were entered into a database and then linked to occupational data from local commercial directories. The material consists of a transcription of the contents of the parliamentary poll books for Sheffield for the general elections of 1852 and 1857. Each record consists of: the voter's name; the ward containing the qualifying property; the address of the qualifying property; the voter's vote; an occupational description of the voter; and an occupational coding.
The website "Napoleon III" is an entry in the online Catholic Encyclopedia "New Advent", one purpose of which is to chronicle the lives of famous Catholic figures and their contributions to society. The page documents chronologically the life of Charles Louis Napolëon Bonaparte, the President of the Second Republic (1848-1852) and French Emperor (1852-1870). The detailed information is largely concerned with Napoleon III's relationship with the Catholic Church and the papacy, yet it also covers a variety of events throughout the period including: the 1848 Revolution; the Crimean War; conflicts in China and Italy; and military intervention in Mexico. The text has a slight emphasis on the piousness of the emperor. The site links and cross-references to pages on other significant figures throughout the period until Napoleon III's exile to England in 1871.
Captured German Sound Recordings is a website that describes an important World War II collection at the U.S. National Archives. The site offers a full finding aid for captured Nazi sound recordings. Sixty-four recordings are available for order, including Heinrich Himmler's infamous Posen speech (4 October 1943), in which he speaks openly of "the destruction of the Jewish people" ('die Ausrottung des jüdischen Volkes'). Also available in the collection are other speeches of interest to researchers, delivered by top Nazis such as Hitler, Goering and Goebbels at official ceremonies. In addition, there are copies of monitored broadcasts. Information is provided on how to purchase copies of the audio tapes. The site also has a link to a page on captured German records, reproduced on over 70,000 rolls of microfilm in the National Archives. These can be viewed at the Archives (visiting hours are posted). For researchers who already know what they need, microfilms can be reproduced for a fee. Alongside pre-World War II and World War II German government documents, such as military and navy records which were copied en masse, this collection includes thousands of microfilms of Nazi party and SS records (including party members abroad); microfilms on firms and individuals, with records of private Austrian, Dutch and German Enterprises, 1917-1946, correspondence of Herbert von Bismarck, 1881-1883, and material relating to Joachim von Ribbentrop, 1893-1942. There are records of U.S. Army commands from 1942; general records of the Department of State; World War II war crimes records, both in Europe and the Far East; and records of the international military tribunal at Nuernberg (Nuremberg). Archival staff can direct users to further photographic and print evidence that is connected to both audio and microfilmed primary sources. Navigation of this valuable research aid is straightforward and clear. Registration is required to ask reference questions.
The DocumentsOnline website provides access to almost a million digitised public records held at The National Archives, which are pertinent to both academic and genealogical research. The index can be searched for free, and digital images of records can be downloaded for a small fee. The complete index can be searched, or separate sections can be browsed for a more specific content search. The browse categories are broken into two main sections, Family History, where users can search through wills, and Other Records, which contains a wide range of primary source material. The material in Other Records falls into six categories, including: New Releases, containing the New Year's Openings, which are the most recently released government documents; Society and Law, containing legal records like title deeds as well as documents relating to crime, disasters and immigration (including convict transportation lists); and Military and Defence, which holds resources on espionage, propaganda and defence policy. The remaining categories are Home and Foreign Affairs, which holds records on domestic and foreign political policy; Art, Recreation and Travel, containing material related to the arts, including documents relating to Oscar Wilde and Charlie Chaplin; and Science and Environment, which contains records on scientific research.
The Podcasts webpage from The National Archives provides free access to a range of podcasts based on talks and lectures given there on historical and archival issues. Some of the podcasts are given by prominent historians, including Professors David Carpenter, Barry Coward and Richard Holmes, whilst others are given by staff of The National Archives. Celebrities such as Colin Jackson also comment on their involvement in TV genealogy programmes. Topics covered include Immigration, the creation of Iraq, Magna Carta, Richard III, Henry VIII, as well as sources for various problems facing family historians such as wills and workhouses. These podcasts are an excellent resource and will be useful to students, researchers and family historians, especially those who are new to the selected topic. As the podcasts are taken from talks, the speaker sometimes refers to illustrations which the online user cannot see. The podcasts can be sorted by title; the sort by date facility does not work.
The website of the National Digital Archive of Datasets (NDAD) offers free access to a large amount of archived digital data from UK government departments and agencies. The information consists of both data which has been prepared or stored on computer and associated paper documents which have been scanned. It is aimed at 'all those with an interest in records of 20th century government decision making and planning, including researchers, social historians and historians of computing'. The datasets currently available include the following for maritime issues for example: Coast Protection Survey of England; the Oil and Gas Directorate, North Sea Geographical Information System; and the Welsh Office's Coastal Survey for Wales. NDAD is run by the University of London Computer Centre and the University of London Library on behalf of The National Archives. NDAD does not hold records related to family history.
Since the site is so vast, navigation around it is a little complicated, but a set of clear instructions for doing so are offered and a number of search options are available. Optional registration is offered, in order to benefit from extra features 'such as saving data table display settings and a more rapid ordering service'.
This website, from the National History Education Clearinghouse, aims to bring together a number of resources on primarily American history in order to improve and encourage the teaching, and learning, of history (mainly in the American primary and secondary education systems). As well as a number of teaching aids (including information on professional development, teaching materials and hints-and-tips, and best practices) there are a number of articles available under the 'history content' section. This section provides access to essays on a number of topics - ranging from discussion of 'Manifest Destiny' and of Native American alliances during the Seven Years War/French and Indian War, to discussion of the American constitution and Boston Tea Party. Intended for adults, who are teaching K-12 (primary and secondary education) social sciences classes, the information provided is nontheless accurate, interesting and will be a good starting-point for undergraduate students.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Nations in Conflict : Data on National Growth and International Violence for Six Major European Powers, 1870-1914' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, so further information is supplied giving instructions. The data were compiled as part of the investigators' study dealing with the dynamics of conflict and warfare and the role of national growth and expansion in that process. The annual aggregate data compiled for the period 1870-1914 on Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and Austria-Hungary are in 8 categories: national size, colonial size, economic and productivity profile, commercial activity, government budget, alliances, violence, and conflicts of interest. The first 6 are aggregate data compiled from yearbooks and other historical sources. One of the alliance measures - adversary relationship - is a dummy variable coded 1 if nation was not aligned, 0 if aligned. Variables in the last two categories are derived from subjective scaling procedures.
The website Nazi Germany is an excellent online resource with extensive notes aimed at students studying A and AS Level History. It is part of the Spartacus Educational website. The site is in tabular form and easy to navigate, divided into three main sections: Foreign Policy 1932-45; Nazi Germany 1932-45; and Nazi Political Figures. It is an excellent resource, which presents material in a comprehensive and simple manner, with embedded links to related subjects. Each subject within the three sections is furnished with extensive text, images and texts from primary sources. In association with Amazon, it recommends further reading on the subject.
The New Deal Network (NDN) was launched in 1996 by the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute. The New Deal Network is a research and teaching resource which aims to make material on the public works and arts projects of the New Deal freely and easily available. The NDN is creating a theme based archive drawing resources from across the United States. The site is clearly structured and provides a host of information. There are currently over 20,000 items on the database which can be searched or browsed. The database contains a variety of primary source material including: photographs; political cartoons; speeches; and letters. It is divided into a document library and a photo gallery. The document library can be browsed by subject, year, author or publisher/collection with each document retrieved having a clear indication of its title, author, date and source. The photo gallery can also be browsed by category and again full reference to the source of the document is made. The search engine carries out searches across the entire site. The website also contains a section of annotated links to relevant sites, for example to colleges and universities, non-profit and commercial organisation, personal pages, museums, archives and libraries etc. The New Deal Network co-host a discussion list for teachers and historians of the New Deal hosted at H-Net. The site is now archived.
This website, from the University of Reading, contains educational materials on Sir Oswald Mosley's New Party of 1931. It arose out of an AHRC-funded conference on the New Party in September 2007, and was established by Professor Philip Murphy and Dr Matthew Worley from the Reading History Department. The Web page is a detailed essay on the formation of the New Party, its impact on British politics in the inter-war years, and the significance of the voters' rejection of Mosley's branch of fascism. The Web page forms part of the University of Reading's Department of History and links can be found to various undergraduate and postgraduate courses, and details about the department in general.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Non-industrial Civil Service Staff Statistics : British Isles, 1939-1999' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The aims of the project were: to analyse the factors propelling change in the Civil Service outside Whitehall; to create a database of the Civil Service outside Whitehall covering numbers of employees, units, expenditure and functions; to map the procedures for recruitment, promotion, training, pay and conditions of employment; to describe how those who work in the Civil Service outside Whitehall perceive both their work and the Civil Service; to explore the tensions between territorial and functional politics. The dataset is compiled from official sources covering 1939-1999. The data include a non-industrial Civil Service headcount by responsibility level and region (1997) and time series for 1975-1996 for UK by region and department; a time series of Northern Ireland non-industrial Civil Service staff by department and by grade 1939-1996; a time series of Isle of Man Civil Service staff 1970-1999; and an analysis of Guernsey and Jersey statistics.
The Normans, three centuries of achievement, 911 - 1204, is a website created by the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge University, to accompany an exhibition of the same name held in 2004 which followed fortunes of the Normans in England, Sicily and Southern Italy. The website and exhibition were based on Dr William Conte's collection of Norman coins, which is in the Fitzwilliam's holdings. The site covers the following main areas: Scandinavian Homelands and Settlements Overseas; The Normans in Sicily and Southern Italy; The Norman Conquest; The Anarchy of the Reign of Stephen and Hoards and Site Finds. These sections trace the origins of the Normans and their rise and fall, including: the reigns of Robert Guiscard and Roger I in Sicily; William the Conqueror in Normandy and England and the conflict between Stephen and Matilda. The events of the period are described through the lens of the history of coinage. The exhibition is likely to be of use to those with an interest in numismatic history, as well as those looking for an overview of the Normans themselves. Each section is divided into sub-sections that include images of the coins, with brief descriptions setting them in their historical context. The site also includes maps illustrating the scope of Norman rule in Europe. Good quality large images of the coins, without the contextualising descriptions, can be viewed in the site's Gallery. The site includes a small selection of links for Norman history, and a link to the online version of Dr William Conte's collection. The site is informative and easy to use.
The website The Normans in South Wales, 1070-1171 provides free access to the full text of a history text book of the same name, written by Lynn Harry Nelson and published by Austin and London in 1966. The site is part of a full text electronic library, Carrie, formerly run by the author and now part of the European University Institute, Italy. No search facility is available and it is not possible to download the book as a PDF. Nelson's text is a study of how the Normans who conquered England after 1066 proceeded to conquer and transform society in South Wales during the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Chapter 7 shows how the Norman conquests in South Wales provided the historical background to the 'Cambro-Norman' invasions of Ireland which began in 1167. The nine chapters run to 184 pages; there are three maps.
The Northern Ireland Elections website is part of the larger ARK Northern Ireland Social and Political Archive website. The focus of ARK is primarily on the social sciences, but Northern Ireland Elections contains a great deal of useful historical material on Northern Irish politics in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Available on the site are the results of, and information about, all elections in Northern Ireland from 1973-2001, details of all Parliamentary Constituencies, 1973-2001 and Local Council Election results from 1985-2001. In addition there are also several articles about elections and politics in Northern Ireland since 1885, covering Westminster elections in the future Northern Ireland, 1885-1918, the 1918 election in Ireland, Dáil elections since 1918, Westminster elections in Northern Ireland since 1920, the Senate of Southern Ireland, 1921, the 1925 elections to the Senates of the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland, elections to the Northern Ireland Senate 1921-1997, members of the Northern Ireland Senate 1921-1997, and the Jenkins Report.
Originating out of a taught course at Newcastle University, the Northumbrian Jacobites website is now the product of the Northumbrian Jacobite Society, also known as The Fifteen, after the 1715 Jacobite uprising. The website comprises of a detailed account of the Jacobite rebellion of 1715 which was led by James Radcliffe, the third Earl of Derwentwater, cousin to James Stuart, the "Old Pretender". The rebellion spread out from Northumbria through Cumbria and Durham into Lancashire, culminating in the Battle of Preston. But it was short-lived, and within a few months the leaders were tried and executed in London. The website provides a detailed narrative of these events, and discusses the aftermath of "The Fifteen", including the involvement of English Jacobites in the 1745 uprising, and Jacobitism in the nineteenth century. Biographical notes on the leading protagonists are also provided, plus information on the Northumbrian Jacobites Society itself.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Norwegian Referenda Held in 1905' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. To collect data on the August referendum on dissolution of the union with Sweden, and the November referendum concerning the monarch versus republic. Data are collected for each commune in the whole of Norway, making for 470 observations. Variables include votes cast in both votes, and voting rate, registered voters, and the rate of mobilization August - November.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Norwegian Referenda Held in 1919 and 1926' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. To collect data on the results of referenda on alcohol prohibition which was confirmed in 1919 and 1926. These are the official Norwegian referendum statistics, with total results for each commune in the whole of Norway, making 716 observations. This data set contains 160 variables, as in the 1905 set 'Norwegian Referenda Held in 1905', as well as separately by sex.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Number of Voters on the Burgess Roll in Municipal Boroughs in England and Wales, 1852, 1865, 1871, 1884', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, though to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS: further information is supplied giving instructions. The dataset was created as part of the ESRC funded project Economic Policy and Political Myopia. The aim of the project was to study the degree of political myopia in public policy today and in the past both from an empirical and a theoretical perspective. The data on the number of voters in municipal boroughs in 1852-1884 was collected to investigate the link between spending on urban sanitation and the local voting franchise. The dataset contains information about the number of voters registered to vote in the elections for the borough councils in up to 215 municipal boroughs in 1852, 1865, 1871, and 1884.
This site focuses on Olaudah Equiano, a former slave who was involved in the movement to abolish slavery in 18th Century Britain, leading him to write his abolitionist autobiography. Information on the site includes: a biography of Equiano and a map of his travels; a bibliography; extracts from his autobiography, The Interesting Narrative; and links to sites of further interest.
The "Oliver Cromwell Website" is dedicated to the life and times of Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), Lord Protector of England. A controversial figure, soldier, politician, man of religion, Cromwell played a crucial role in the English Civil War, which culminated in the execution of Charles I, the rise of Puritanism and Cromwell as Lord Protector. The website is published by the Cromwell Association (founded in 1935) which aims to promote interest in his life, the Civil War and the broader history of the period. The Association holds meetings twice a year, organises day-schools, commissions plaques, panels and monuments, and produces a newsletter at least twice a year for its members. It also publishes the annual historical journal "Cromwelliana". Membership details are provided online. The website is divided into several sections dealing with information and opinions on Cromwell, including: Cromwell quotes; suggested reading; places to visit; why study Cromwell?; a brief biography and a Cromwell online exhibition. This is an easy to navigate and well-presented site.
This is a site of the Center for the Study of Intelligence, the education and research arm of the American CIA. The site is, in essence, a book edited by Donald P. Steury. Covering the period from 1946 to 1961, the site chronicles the activities of the US intelligence agencies in Berlin. The narrative is clear and concise, offering an excellent overview of events in this major location of Cold War diplomacy and espionage. Of most value to scholars will be the large number of intelligence documents that the site makes available in PDF format.
The website 'The online communism photo collection' is a project that makes available an interesting gallery of photographs illustrating moments from communist Romania. It is a project created jointly by the Romanian National Archives and the Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes in Romania, both based in Bucharest. The site has a complete English version although some translations from the Romanian are somewhat idiosyncratic and too literal. The site has information about the project and also guidance to the database of photographs. Searching the collection is simple and straightforward; the entire collection can also be browsed page by page. Photographs have descriptions and detailed information about the date and occasion they were taken, identity of individuals featured in them (mostly political activists, high officials of the Romanian Communist Party, or foreign officials). Photographs are black and white or colour, and the quality of the digitised images is very good. The titles of the photographs are available only in Romanian. The collection holds photographs from the period 1945-1989. The database had over 1500 images at the time of cataloguing. The site is being updated regularly.
This site is the home page of the Open Society Archives (OSA) of Central European University (CEU) in Budapest. The archive possesses key holdings on Communism and the Cold War in Central and Eastern Europe; human rights issues; and the activities of the Soros foundation network. The main sources regarding Communism and the Cold War are the Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Research Institute collections and the Russian, Polish and Hungarian 'samizdat' holdings. The materials on human rights are records from non-governmental and supra-governmental organisations which were active in postwar Central and Eastern Europe. These include materials from the International Helsinki Federation; Human rights Law Institute relating to conflict in former Yugoslavia; the Index on Censorship; and Physicians for Human rights. OSA is the official archive of the Soros Foundations network and holds records from the Open Society Institutes in New York and Budapest and from the CEU. The archive is also in the process of gathering a large audiovisual collection of regional propaganda; films; and television news programmes. The site has a series of very useful Reference Information Papers that provide background historical information on important sources in the archives. The online guide to all holdings in the OSA is outstanding in terms of its clarity and comprehensive nature. The main online guide page offers several links to Reference Information Papers; itemised descriptions of all collections; the CEU's library collections; and there is an online exhibition of archival materials on forced labour camps in the former Soviet Union. There is additional information on special book collections; links to other archives and archival portals; acquisitions and visitors' access. For its detail and ease in navigation, this site remains indispensable for those conducting research on the history and politics of twentieth century Central and Eastern Europe.
This is the website of the Open University’s archive, based at its Walton Hall, Milton Keynes campus. The archive includes materials relating both to the history of the University and to research, with particular strengths in the fields of: modern political history; distance education; women’s history; history of management; history of mathematics; systems behaviour. The key collections are described in some detail, together with arrangements for accessing them. Material is documented online through individual collection catalogues or through the library catalogue.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Orange Order Lodge Membership, Northern Ireland, 1893-2000' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The aim of the project was to copy all surviving Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland printed county reports, for the period 1893 to 2000, held at the Grand Lodge of Ireland, Belfast. The data records membership of Orange lodges in Antrim, Derry and Down. A future aim of the project is to fill as many of the holes in the dataset as possible through county-level research and further Orange contacts, and to regress this data against census, survey, event-history, police and electoral data. Ultimately the intention is to make an assessment as to why Orange membership and power rises or declines across time and place in Ulster, Scotland and Canada in the twentieth century. Main Topics: This collection contains data from all surviving Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland printed county reports on the membership of individual Orange lodges in Antrim, Derry, Down and Tyrone for the period 1893 to 2000. There are no data for Londonderry City. There is also information on Orange lodge membership at the district level. In most cases, district membership has been computed based on individual lodge membership. However there are cases where district lodge totals were available while individual lodge membership was not (e.g. Tyrone, 1969-1986), in which case district lodge totals have been entered directly.
This is the site of the non-governmental, independent Osrodek Karta Foundation, which 'documents and disseminates the latest history of Poland and Eastern Europe, develops knowledge about modern man and spreads tolerance and democracy'. The website provides information on the history, purpose and activities of the body. It includes a database listing victims of political repression, online exhibitions and publication lists. Key topics include Polish political history and relations with the Soviet Union, the birth of the Solidarity movement and Poland in the post-communist era. Users should note that some materials are offered in Polish only.
This site has published some short extracts from Otto von Bismark's memoirs. The extracts offer some insight into the mind of one of the most significant political figures of modern Germany. Bismark (1815-1898) was a Prusso-German statesman who was the architect and first chancellor (1871-1890) of the German Empire. The extracts give some of Bismark's personal thoughts on the changing dynamics in Europe. The limited offering here deals with Prussia's decisive victory over Austria at the Battle of Königgrätz in 1866, which determined the future of German Europe; another selection deals with the Franco-Prussian war of 1870. This selection is excerpted from J. H. Robinson's 1906 edition of "Readings in European History."
The site is part of the Hanover Historical Texts Project, which aims to make translated primary texts readily available to students for use in history and humanities courses. The texts are under copyright but permission is granted to copy the material for educational purposes.
'Out of Control: Photography from East Germany' is the online record of a 1993 project that documented "the uses of photography in Eastern Germany after the collapse of the German Democratic Republic (GDR)". The website contains a range of essays and texts, including "The Work of Evelyn Richter", "Ostkreuz: An Origin in Stopped Time" and "The Near Distance: Cultural Otherness in the Two Germanies". There are several online portfolios of pictures, including the documentary work of five members of the Berlin photography agency Ostkreuz. All the images are shown at a very small size, usually around 270 x 180 pixels.
'Overcoming Dictatorships: The Encounter of Poets, Artists and Writers' is the website of a major 500,000-Euro cultural project funded by the European Union. This European project examined how ten artists in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and East Germany used their art in the effort to recover from the horrors of socialism. The project culminated in a major academic conference and exhibition at The University of Birmingham (UK) in October 2008. The exhibition will then tour. The website has full details of the project, the participants, the schedule, artists and partners. The artists involved also produced a weblog. It is possible that the website will contain the conference proceedings at some future point.
The website by the Spanish Medieval historian F. Javier Villalba Ruiz de Toledo offers complementary materials for his lectures, which may be of interest to other lecturers and students of European and Spanish medieval history. The site provides historical texts; maps; and a bibliography (although at the time of cataloguing the latter was not available). The texts section includes fragments from a wide variety of historical sources, covering topics such as: Al-Andalus; feudalism; Christian Spain; the fight for the 'Dominium mundi'; and feudal monarchies. The author has also made available very useful historical maps such as: Europe by the end of the 5th century; Islam in times of Mohammed; England by the beginning of the 10th century; and the First Crusade. Users should note that all materials are in Spanish only.
This website, hosted by the Hartley Library Special Collections department of the University of Southampton, offers information about the contents and structure of the Palmerston Papers Database and allows visitors to search for material online. The database describes approximately 40,000 items and spans Palmerston's entire ministerial career from 1809 to 1865. It is divided into two sections: the first contains brief presentations of the semi-official papers and the family correspondence of Henry John Temple, third Viscount Palmerston (1784-1865); the second, which focuses on Palmerston's private correspondence, presents more detailed entries and is arranged in alphabetical order under name of correspondent. Most of the semi-official papers date from his time as Foreign Secretary and include, among other documents, Royal correspondence, War Office papers, Foreign Office dispatches, Foreign Office and Cabinet documents, papers relating to the slave trade, speeches, journals and diaries.
Kevin Creed's essay on the popular views of Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) was published in the online peer-reviewed journal "Essays in history" in 1992, and examined in depth the way in which the Lord Protector was seen by his contemporaries. The essay uses pamphlets, sermons, broadsides and other printed sources from the mid-seventeenth century to illustrate how he was regarded as a champion of the Protestant world. This is seen in the social and cultural context within which the readers of this literature lived and viewed their changing world. Together with pro-Cromwellian propaganda, and popular acclaim, Creed also tackles the contemporary attitudes to Cromwell's Irish campaign, Royalist reaction to his rise to power, and the disillusionment of radicals as the Interregnum progressed. The essay was presented as part of an undergraduate thesis on apocalypticism in early modern Europe.
Paris, May '68 : Icônes de la révolution / Icons of the Revolution is an online display to commemorate an actual exhibition that was held in Spring, 1998 at the E. J. Pratt Library, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The exhibition gives a brief history leading up the events in Paris in May 1968, when general student demonstrations common to the period flared up in response to attempts by the police to control crowds by force. In response, the students erected barricades, fought in the streets, and occupied the Sorbonne, turning it into a huge commune. These disturbances spread to other universities, then to factories, and waves of strikes involving some ten million workers paralysed France. This collection of thumbnails of contemporary posters captures the mood of this unrest. Archival information is provided on the E. J. Pratt Library Special Collections page. The site is perhaps too brief in explanatory content to serve as a teaching tool unless accompanied by outside texts. But it should help scholars in French History and those who are generally researching this crucial period to assess the nature of the Library's holdings.
This site is maintained by Victoria University Library Toronto. It provides free access to a small online exhibition of digitised images of political posters from the May 1968 Paris student protests. They include student protest placards. A limited amount of background annotation on the history of events and the artists is provided.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Parliamentary Poll Books of Colchester, Essex, 1806, 1807 and 1812' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This dataset was created to demonstrate the record linkage possibilities for the software kleio. The dataset contains a machine-readable transcription of the 1806, 1807 and 1812 poll books for Colchester. It contains four tables: the first three tables contain the voting choices of each elector along with their name, address and occupation. The fourth table contains a standardised version of the occupation and the occupational code HISCO (Historical International Standard Classification of Occupations).
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Parliamentary Poll Books of Sandwich, Kent, 1831-1868' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as compressed (zip) files. The main aim of the project was to examine the inter-relations between politics and economics in Sandwich. The intention was to trace the voting history of each voter, and to associate any changes with external circumstances (e.g. change of occupation, change of residence, etc.) and to identify patterns of change among the voters' political preferences. This data collection consists of a transcription of the poll books for the parliamentary constituency of Sandwich, Kent for the nine general elections and four by-elections between 1831 and 1868. Each voter is identified by name, occupation and qualifying property (where appropriate and available) and details are given of the way his two votes were cast. Where the vote was split, or was a plumper vote, details are given as to which candidates were supported. Non-voters who appear on the electoral roll and not in the poll books are included, but voters enfranchised under the terms of the 1867 Act are not included. The main variables are: surname; forenames; voter type (freeman or elector); votes cast; occupation; electors' residential qualification; freemen's parish of residence.
The homepage of Pasts, Inc. Center for Historical Studies reflects the aims, research activities and publications of this institution created in 2002 and hosted by the Central European University (CEU) in Budapest, Hungary. Information is provided about the completed and ongoing research projects on modern and contemporary history of East-Central Europe, such as an approach to patriotism and its legacy in the region or the social change and opera in nineteenth century, together with the programmes for workshops and conferences related to these. Pasts, Inc. hosts several series of lectures in: history; literature; humanities; and religion, whose titles and dates are provided with no further information however. Data on the centre’s teaching courses during the academic years and summer universities has not been updated recently. Publications of the centre consist of a book series, titles being available through a link to CEU Press, the “East Central Europe/L’Europe du centre-est” journal and e-publications including a dialogue between Paul Ricoeur and Sorin Antohi.
Patronage- und Klientelsysteme am Wiener Hof is a research project at the University of Vienna which explores the formal structure of the old Viennese court in its religious, political, economic and familial (royal and noble) aspects. The site traces the growth and workings of this institution in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, as it built on a network of patronage and client relationships within the high society and culture of imperial Austria. The site posts images and plans of various buildings related to the court, as well as their growing prevalence in the topography of Vienna itself. There is an outstanding subsite entitled Quellen (Sources) of relevant scanned contemporary primary documents which will be of interest to historians. The anticipation of a nascent bureaucracy is also a focus here, with a helpful list of the names of officials from the early-to-mid seventeenth century, and a chart illustrating the structure of the court and its various offices from the same period. The site then provides several fascinating flow charts showing the connections between different political and familial groupings, their leaders and their interrelationships. One of the highlights among these subsites is the page devoted to Hofdamen (Court ladies). Visitors should also note the Personenregister, with an alphabetical list of important contemporary figures, and some links to individual short biographies. Under the heading Literatur, the site gives an extensive secondary source bibliography. This site would be a noteworthy aid for academic research or serve as an excellent teaching tool, particularly at the postgraduate level.
Thewebsite 'The Peel Web' is dedicated to Sir Robert Peel, who dominated politics during a period in which Britain was undergoing a massive shift from an agrarian economy to an industrial economy during the nineteenth century. This website contains biographical information about Robert Peel, analysis of his policies, his politics, and discussion on the controversial events of his career, such as the Repeal of the Corn Laws (1816), Catholic Emancipation (1829), and the Great Reform Act of 1832. This site is divided into Irish Affairs, Economic Affairs, Political Affairs, and Popular Movements. There are links to further articles on Peel topics, as well as an extensive bibliography. This is a great resource for teaching British history and is highly recommended by the cataloguer.
The People's History Museum is the national centre for the collection, conservation, interpretation, and study of material relating to the history of working people in Britain. On this website users can access information about the museum and its collections. Amongst the resources available is the Labour History Archive and Study Centre (LHASC), which holds records for working class political organisations from the Chartists to New Labour, and which is managed by the John Rylands University Library of Manchester. The most useful section of the website is the searchable database of the museum's collections. This enables access to a wide range of material, including individual objects as well as special collections, and it combines a good number of digitised materials accompanied with explanatory text. The museum has received funding from the AHRC. Users should note that the LHASC has closed until the end of 2009 in order to relocate. The site provides updates on these arrangements.
The Peoples Archive is a website featuring the stories of the great thinkers, creators and achievers of our time. It is likely to be of interest to researchers across a range of disciplines at all levels. The Peoples Archive users modern technology to enable the existing generation of great people, who are leaders of their field, to share their stories, preserving them for present and future generations. Following the site's launch in May 2004, the Archive has been growing steadily and contains life stories grouped into seven sections: Arts, Film, Literature, Masters, Medicine, Politics and Science. Each filmed life story is accompanied by transcripts with complete bibliographies or filmographies, external links to relevant websites and illustrations. There are also internal links to other stories within the Archive relating to similar themes. All the life stories are free to view. Among the many life stories presented on Peoples Archive are those of scientists Francis Crick and Freeman Dyson. The Film section includes the filmmaker, Andrzej Wajda, and the documentary maker, Albert Maysles. The Literature section includes several of the greatest contemporary writers, among them Donald Hall and the Arts section includes illustrator Quentin Blake. Recent additions include theatre director, Sir Peter Hall, with the architects Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown, the computer scientist Donald Knuth and writer Doris Lessing being forthcoming. This is an ambitious and innovative site, which is user-friendly and straightforward to access.
Peritia is the website of the Medieval Academy of Ireland's journal of that title. The website is published on the University College Cork's site, but the print version is published by Brepols. Peritia is published annually and is concerned with Irish and Insular medieval studies, particularly in the context of the European middle ages. On the site users can access the tables of contents for the journal from 1982 until 1999, as well as abstracts for articles and reviews from 1986 onwards. These can be viewed separately or by volume. In addition to this there are: details on how to submit an article; details of how to obtain copies of the journal; and links to other medieval history sites.
The Perseus collection of Renaissance materials is part of the Perseus Digital Library at Tufts University. The collection makes freely available online primary and secondary materials relating to the early modern period in England (the English Renaissance). There are also selected secondary materials from the 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the texts available are: the complete works of Christopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare; 'The New Atlantis' by Francis Bacon; Holinshed's history of England; and 'The Political Works of James I' edited by Charles Howard McIlwain. All texts are fully searchable. Students of history and English would find this resource highly useful.
'Photohistories: tales from photography' is a website that seeks to build an online history of photojournalism before the digital era and to try to understand where the profession is headed in the twenty-first century. The website contains several interviews, including those with Philip Jones Griffiths and Homer Sykes. The Homer Sykes interview is accompanied by an online slideshow 'Unknown Homer Sykes: The English 1968-78'. There a few other slide shows, all showing a photo story, These require Flash plug-n to be viewed. Photo Histories also contains an article by Graham Harrison - originally written for EPUK - on how members of the VII photo agency see multimedia changing photography. There are short reviews of collectable photography books, six feature articles, and free listings of photo events, competitions, and grants for the current year.
The Photos of the Great War site, part of the World War I document archive from the University of Kansas and Brigham Young University, provides access to over 1,800 photographs relating to the First World War. The photographs are divided into categories to aid browsing, including: aviation; troops; commanders; death and destruction; heads of state; individuals; locations; weapons and equipment; war at sea; animals at war; auxiliaries; and refugees among others. An index to the entire collection can be downloaded from the site. The site also maintains a list of links to other WWI sites. This website would be a useful resource for students or researchers studying this period in terms of social or military history. This is a very meticulous site, where each image has a description with the date of uploading and a stable URL.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset Political Communication: Mapping Free Trade, 1910, hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a series of Encapsulated Postscript (.eps) or TIF image files. From this Web page you may download a PDF and an HTML file giving introductory information about the study. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS: further information is supplied giving instructions. This study maps the activities of the Free Trade Lectures organisation, which was active throughout 1910. These included well over a thousand lectures, exhibitions, and lantern slides. Activities are listed separately by town and village as well as by type, distinguishing activities for women, general audiences, rural audiences, and special trades. The list of voluntary and paid speakers gives names separately. All maps and tables are based on the reported activities by the National Free Trade Lectures organisation only and do not include the work of other organisations, such as the Free Trade Union, where detailed information has not survived.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Political Regimes and Regime Transitions in Africa, 1910-1994' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This data collection focuses on political regimes and regime transitions in 47 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The first part of the dataset contains information on the characteristics of post-colonial political regimes from independence to December 31, 1989. Economic variables include GNP per capita, inflation, structural adjustment programs, overseas development assistance, and external debt, while social indicators concern ethnic and religious fragmentation. Political variables provide a listing of every national election in Africa from independence to 1989, for totals of 106 presidential and 185 parliamentary contests, the number of political parties, association groups, and media outlets in each country in 1975 and 1989, and type of political regime, including the duration of each regime in years and the total number and mode of previous regime transitions up to 1989.
The second part of the dataset covers the political dynamics of regime transitions for the five-year period from the beginning of 1990 to the end of 1994. The researchers created a standardized framework to identify and categorize the key events and features of political transitions, concentrating on landmark events such as political protests, liberalization reforms, elections, and changes of government in each country. In addition, the researchers assembled a complete set of standard election results for every multiparty contest in Africa between 1990 and 1994, along with information on whether observers ruled the vote as free and fair, whether incumbents were ousted, and whether losers accepted the results.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Political Systems Performance Data : France, Sweden and the United Kingdom, 1850-1965' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data comprise time-series for France, Sweden, and the United Kingdom compiled on a quinquennial basis for the period from 1850-1965. The data set includes information on birth and death rates, education, labour force and unemployment, government revenue and expenditures, voting behaviour, agricultural growth, and urbanisation. Data on the systems' performance include such indicators as the size of public debt, gross national product, number of patents issued, energy consumption, and income tax rates. Three political indexes are also available.
Henry P.F.Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1785-1851) was a prominent Nottinghamshire landowner whose properties included both Nottingham Castle and the family seat at Clumber, Nottinghamshire. This site examines two themes which are illustrated by the contents of the 4th Duke's diaries and related archives: The South Nottinghamshire Election of 1846; and Working Class Unrest - Luddism, Riots and Reform, and Chartism. Each theme begins with an overview, which discusses a particular diary entry as an introduction to the theme, and ends with a page of suggested reading. The rest of the theme is divided into three subthemes, containing a list of extracts from diary entries with commentary, with links to full-size images of the original items; a list of other primary sources with commentary, with links to full-size images of the original items; and some additional background reading, provided in MS Word and PDF format The emphasis of the material selected for this site is largely political in nature, though each of the chosen themes provides some insight into wider social and economic developments of the period.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Polity Data : Persistence and Change in Political Systems, 1800-1971' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). This study contains data for 428 new polities (all polities that developed after a major change in the old polity). To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of 11 identification variables, 28 variables defining origin and character of polity at its origin and termination, 31 calculated scores for polity characteristics, and 14 generated variables defining characteristics of polities.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Polity II : Political Structures and Regime Change, 1880-1986', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data itself is available to order from the HDS, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). Carried out under the auspices of the Data Development for International Research (DDIR) project, Polity II was designed to develop longitudinal indicators of political structures and regime change. The data encompasses most member states of the international system from 1800 to 1986 and consists of annual codings of regimes' structural characteristics, institutional changes, and the directionality of changes on underlying dimensions of democracy, autocracy, and power concentration.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Polity III : Regime Type and Political Authority, 1800-1994" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and may only be accessed by UK residents. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This dataset, a modified and updated version of POLITY II: POLITICAL STRUCTURES AND REGIME CHANGE, 1800-1986 (SN 2942) (ICPSR 9263), focuses on indicators of political authority and regime type for 177 members of the international system. Variables include two indicators of regime type (autocracy and democracy) and eight indicators of political authority (regulation of executive recruitment, competitiveness of executive recruitment, openness of executive recruitment, monocratism, constraints on the chief executive, regulation of political participation, competitiveness of political participation, and centralization of state authority).
The Web Site "Polski portal historyczny (Polish History Portal)" is an excellent site in Polish for undergraduates studying Polish Studies or Polish History. Established by students and graduates of Warsaw University's Institute of Historical Research, it features articles from Przeglad Historyczny, a prestigious Polish historical journal and by staff and students of the institution. The Vademecum section is of particular use as it provides the researcher with an online summary of the many versions of periodization of Polish history. There is also an excellent chronology of the various dynasties and a historical dictionary is in progress. The links page lists web pages of varying quality but throws up some good site for the historian.
PortCities Bristol is one of a consortium of partner projects around the British Isles led by the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, London. Other interlinked sites include London, Southampton, Hartlepool and Liverpool. This site deals with the history of Bristol, and especially its former slave trade; slavery routes; people involved; movements against slavery; and the effects of slavery after abolition. Teachers and students can use a number of learning tools here, including historical timelines, an interactive slave trade map with links to illustrated explanatory essays and bibliographies.
Aside from extensive resources on the slave trade, there is also a subsite devoted to a collection of Chinese glass, acquired by the city in relation to its own history of glass-making. There are a number of attractive subpages here that highlight images in Chinese glass pieces and describe their cultural significance. Such information will be helpful for teachers seeking to broaden the range of local history for their students by finding connections therein to larger international topics. Additional virtual galleries relate the history of the city.
Researchers will also find several subsites here with scanned images of historical artifacts and other materials from local libraries and archives, thus providing them with an introduction to holdings at the following institutions: Bristol City Museum; Bristol Record Office; Bristol Central Library; the University of Bristol Library; the Society of Merchant Venturers; the British Empire and Commonwealth Museum; John Wesley's chapel; and the John Judkyn Memorial Museum.
The Powys heritage online website provides access to information about the local history of the region. The site was originally created in 1999 as the "Powys digital history project". The current site acts as a portal to sites and projects dealing with the histoy of Powys. The main section of is dedicated to local history, aimed for schools. All the material on the site is available in Welsh and English. The site provides information on the local history of the following six districts, as part of the original project: Machynlleth and the Dovey Vallhe current site acts as a portal to sites and projects dealing with the histoy of Powysey; Llanidloes and district in Montgomeryshire; Rhayader and the Elan Valley; Presteigne and the Marches in Radnorshire; Hay and the Wye Valley; and The Upper Swansea Valley in Breconshire. The topics covered, although there are variations according to district, include education, the poor, religion, transport and old trade directories. Specific events such as the Revolt of Owain Glyndwr 1400-1415 are also covered. A themed menu covering: crime and punishment; education and schools; religion in Wales; and care of the poor is also available for browsing. Links to external sites are: Powys: A day in the life project and Powys county archives office. The site provides an interesting general introduction to the history of the area.
The website "Presidents 1918-1989" is an nnotated list of the presidents of the Czech Republic, from Tomas Garrigue Masaryk in 1918 to 1989, and is part of the Czech presidential website. Information is provided in both Czech and English. There is a chronology of the presidents, extremely useful, given the complicated nature of the history of the Czech republic and the state of Czechoslovakia, and the need for precise dating. Particular attention is paid to extensive biographies of Vaclav Havel, Tomas Masaryk, and Edvard Benes in the English version, but fuller biographies of all the presidents appear in the Czech version.
The 'Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929' website from the Library of Congress provides access to full-text material that documents the prosperity enjoyed by the United States during the presidency of Calvin Coolidge, 30th American president. The material also explores the transition to a consumer economy and the role that the government played in these changes. The site contains a wealth of primary source material, including: personal papers; organisational papers; presidential speeches; photographs; books; pamphlets; legislative documents; consumer and trade journals; and sound recordings. It is possible to search the collection or to browse it by title or subject index. The site includes a guide to the people, organisations and topics in the collection. The site also provides background information on the collection and on the creation of the online collection. Other features of the site include a short bibliography and links to related collections at the Library of Congress. The site is archived.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Psephological Datasets, 1702-1865: Essex Poll Books, 1702-1722', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). This dataset is part of a series containing information collected from poll books: it comprises a computer transcript of the Essex poll books, to facilitate investigation of voting behaviour using nominal record linkage. Variables recorded include: name; vote; generation; affirm; description; place of freehold; and place of abode.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Psephological Datasets, 1702-1865: Guildford Poll Books, 1865 and 1866', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). This dataset is part of a series containing information collected from poll books: it comprises a computer transcript of the Guildford poll books, to facilitate investigation of voting behaviour using nominal record linkage. Variables recorded include: name; occupation; address; parish; vote; title; and generation.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Psephological Datasets, 1702-1865: Hereford Poll Books, 1734-1764', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). This dataset is part of a series containing information collected from poll books: it comprises a computer transcript of the Hereford poll books, to facilitate investigation of voting behaviour using nominal record linkage. Variables recorded include: name; occupation; address; vote; and generation.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Psephological Datasets, 1702-1865 : Lynn Regis Poll Books, 1822', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as either a tab delimited text file or an SPSS file, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). This dataset is part of a series containing information collected from poll books: it comprises a computer transcript of the Lynn Regis poll books, to facilitate investigation of voting behaviour using nominal record linkage. Variables recorded include: name; occupation; address; vote; and generation.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Psephological Datasets, 1702-1865: Northampton Borough Elections, 1768-1796', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, SPSS portable data files, or Stata files, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). This dataset is part of a series containing information collected from poll books: it comprises a computer transcript of the Northampton poll books, to facilitate investigation of voting behaviour using nominal record linkage. Variables recorded include: name; trade; address; vote; generation; and title.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Psephological Datasets, 1702-1865: Shrewsbury Poll Books 1814', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file, an SPSS portable data file, or as a Stata file, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). This dataset is part of a series containing information collected from poll books: it comprises a computer transcript of the Shrewsbury poll books, to facilitate investigation of voting behaviour using nominal record linkage. Variables recorded include: name; occupation; address; vote; and generation.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Psephological Datasets, 1702-1865: St Albans Poll Books, 1820-1830', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). This dataset is part of a series containing information collected from poll books: it comprises a computer transcript of the St Albans poll books, to facilitate investigation of voting behaviour using nominal record linkage. Variables recorded include: name; occupation; address; vote; and title.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Psephological Datasets, 1702-1865: Totnes Poll Books, 1837-1865', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). This dataset is part of a series containing information collected from poll books: it comprises a computer transcript of the Totnes poll books, to facilitate investigation of voting behaviour using nominal record linkage. Variables recorded include: name; occupation; address; vote; generation; place of abode; and place of freehold.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Psephological Datasets, 1702-1865: Worcester Poll Books, 1841-1857', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). This dataset is part of a series containing information collected from poll books: it comprises a computer transcript of the Worcester poll books, to facilitate investigation of voting behaviour using nominal record linkage. Variables recorded include: name; occupation; address; vote; and title.
The Freeholders' Records site is published by the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI). The project involved the digitisation of around 5,500 pages from pre-1840 Registers and Poll Books that list the names and details of all those entitled to vote, or who voted at elections in Ireland, and the provision of an index of names linked to the high-quality digitised images. This provides wider and easier access to a unique resource for family and local history and for historical research. The records are arranged according to counties. Search tips and hints are offered on the site; the authors of the site encourage users to fill out the data amendment form for any comments and suggestion concerning the entries. The digitised records can be printed from the site using the freely available plug-in. The Freeholders' Records represents a valuable Irish history resource, relevant to genealogists as well as those researching the social, political and economic history of Northern Ireland during the 18th and early 19th centuries.
This website, created by Frank Smitha, forms part of a larger site which is devoted to world history in general. It is divided into four periods: the ancient world; 6th-15th centuries; 16th-19th centuries; and the 20th century. Each period is accompanied by maps and images. This particular page on purges and hysteria in the Soviet Union is part of the section on the 20th century. It is extremely useful for all studying this period of the Soviet history, and contains short overviews of: collectivization in agriculture; hopes for liberalization and murder of Kirov; crackdown within the Communist Party; show trials and purges of 1936-1938; and the survivors' preparation for national defence. Also available on the site are links to related Web resources (primarily on Viacheslav Molotov - Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR from 1930 to 1941), and a small bibliography.
This website, which is still under construction, aims to spread knowledge and understanding of the rule of Elizabeth I of England, and how her reign affected England, Britain and the wider world. As of June 2009, there are no 'texts' yet available on the website, but numerous calls for papers have been issued, so this should soon be rectified. The website's current greatest strength is its lists of bibliographies. Here, the user can find very detailed and current bibliographies on all aspects of Elizabethan history and historiography (including, but not limited to: society and culture; international relations; political theory; entertainment; and history of the book). As more information and resources are published online, this website will become a significant resource for those interested in Elizabethan studies.
This website has been created by a postgraduate student of Elizabethan history, with the aim of providing educational information on the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. The content is aimed at the general public rather than academic scholars and as a result provides a narrative history useful for those wanting to obtain an overview of late sixteenth century England and the life of Elizabeth Tudor. The site is divided into several chapters that deal with various aspects of Elizabeth I's life and reign. The chapters cover topics such as Elizabeth's life as a princess, her wardrobe, offers of marriage, the Elizabethan religious settlement, Mary Queen of Scots, government in the sixteenth century, European relations, and the Spanish Armada. Also included are a timeline, bibliographies, online articles and an interactive educational game.
The website "Queen Elizabeth (1533-1603) on the Tudor monarch is published by an enthusiast, and offers a number of useful resources on this sixteenth century English queen. The site is divided into a number of chapters, offering a biography, images of Elizabeth, many of them painted by Nicholas Hilliard, scholarly articles, and the full-text of Elizabeth I's writings, including poems, speeches, and letters. In addition to these, there is a section of additional sources that links to material on other websites, and a book list. This last section provides quite an extensive list of titles concerning Elizabeth I, helpfully divided into different categories, with links to the online bookseller Amazon for those wishing to purchase copies.
This site contains information about Quobna Ottabah Cugoano, who was kidnapped and taken into slavery during the 1750's. He worked on plantations in Granada before being brought to England, where he obtained his freedom. He wrote the first directly abolitionist publication in English by an African, which was published in 1787. Specific topics covered include an annotated bibliography of Cugoano studies; extracts from his book; other relevant pages on this site; and links to other websites.
This website, from the Special Collections Library at the University of Michigan, presents in visual form some of the radical reactions to the events of the Great Depression of the 1930s. The website presents free online access to a number of images - arranged thematically under headings such as 'Unemployment, Hunger & Deprivation; Organisations: Labour Unions, Communist Party, Socialist Party; The Case of the Scottsboro Boys; The Case of Tom Mooney; Radical Novels; Radical Appeals to the Literati; Voices from the Right; and The Spanish Civil War - primarily from the Labadie Collection at the University of Michigan. Although more description and annotation would perhaps be useful, this is an interesting and informative website.
'The Realist Archive Project' is a personal project that aims to build a complete and free online archive of 'The Realist' magazine (1958-1974, 146 issues), which was a magazine that played a notable cultural role in the U.S. radical counterculture of the 1960s and early 1970s. At June 2007, four key issues of 'The Realist' are freely available online. Issues are available as readable page images, with one large and clear scan per page. The author of the website states his intention to post online "four issues every month until the archive is complete", and these will be in their original uncensored form. 'The Realist' often contained cartoons, phrases and ideas that may now be considered shocking or taboo, and thus this archive may not be "safe for viewing in the workplace". Notable contributors to the magazine included Lenny Bruce, Robert Crumb, Norman Mailer, Woody Allen, Joseph Heller, and Wally Wood, among others. The original editor of 'The Realist', Paul Krassner, is thanked by the author of the website, who states scans are "posted with permission". Thus it would appear that Krassner has given permission for the archive to be scanned and placed online.
The website 'The Rebellion of 1798: A document facsimile pack' consists of a downloadable PDF file containing 17 facsimiles of seventeen important documents relating to the Irish uprising of 1798 against Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland. The site is part of the National Archives of Ireland website. The unsuccessful rebellion of 1798 was initiated by the Society of United Irishmen, lead by figures such as Wolfe Tone and Beaucamp Bagnall Harvey. The documents begin with the Lord Lieutenant Earl Camden's 1796 report on the state of Ireland and conclude with the Catholic Archbishop of Dublin's letter to Castlereagh in 1800, complaining of continued outrages in County Wexford. Other documents include: the oath of the United Irishmen; the bulletin announcing the arrest of Lord Edward Fitzgerald; Ebenezer Jacob's letter reporting the defeat of the government troops at Oulart Hill; General Sir James Duff's despatch describing the dispersal of the rebels at the Curragh; and a copy of a proclamation signed by James Napper Tandy. Many of the documents are handwritten and require a bit of concentration to read, a transcription of the originals being provided. Notes for teachers wishing to use the documents in history lessons are included.
'Recollecting a Culture: Photography and the Evolution of a Socialist Aesthetic in East Germany' is the online record of a 1999 exhibition that "was a study of the political and economic pressures on the visual arts of the German Democratic Republic (GDR). It drew from two state-sanctioned archives: the Fotokino Archive ... and Die Fotografie". The exhibition was shown at the Photographic Resource Center at Boston University, and has since toured. The website opens with a long illustrated essay. There are around 100 images, shown at a relatively small size. Images are annoted with the name of the photographer, title and date, and other details. The website includes the ten full-text essays that appeared in the exhibition catalogue, and there is also a list of books on the subject of photography and East Germany.
The website "The Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707" (RPS) is the result of a project based at the University of St Andrews. The site is a fully searchable database containing all the legislative acts of the Scottish Parliaments from the first one from 1235 to 1707. The database also includes other types of documents such as: new parliaments and conventions of estates; committee records; and parliamentary minutes, thus being "the most comprehensive record of Scottish parliamentary proceedings ever". Most of the material is from the official register of Parliament held at the National Archives of Scotland in Edinburgh. The editorial introduction explains the becoming of this project and the methodology used in building the database. The historical introduction comprises chapters from the "History of the Scottish Parliament", two volumes, and the texts can be downloaded as PDF files. In addition, the site also features a short history of the Scottish Parliament. Bibliography, abbreviations and acknowledgments are posted on the site. The Tables of Statutes from 1424 to 1707 are grouped according to reigns but can be also read as a single file in PDF format. The database itself can be accessed from the top bar of the page. The options given are browse by reign or an advanced search. Texts of the documents are offered in original Latin or Scots and in modern English translations; both version can be viewed in parallel on the screen. The frames are straightforward to navigate, with forward and back buttons, to which print or email record options are added. A glossary completes the research tools provided for the users of the database.
Red Clydeside is written by academics and published as part of the Glasgow Digital Library at the University of Strathclyde. Red Clydeside provides a mixture of narrative material and primary sources on the Scottish labour movement in Glasgow, from 1910-1932. The site is split into five sections devoted to key political figures, a timeline of events, political parties and organisations, literature and propaganda, and images. The first four sections are text-based, providing information about different aspects of labour activity in Scotland, whilst the last is a list of all the digitised material including photographs, diagrams, letters, cartoons, articles, leaflets, manifestos, and election ephemera. Navigation through the site is slightly awkward. The site will make a good research resource for postgraduates and a study source for undergraduates.
The website "Regesta Imperii" is a cooperative project aiming to make available a free online version of all the published volumes of Regesta Imperii. Regesta Imperii is one of the largest source works for German and European history providing an inventory of all the documentary and historiographical sources of the Roman-German kings and the Popes of the early and high Middle Ages. The project is being developed by the Deutsche Kommission für die Bearbeitung der Regesta Imperii, Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur Mainz and the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Munich. Most pages of Regesta have been scanned as large images, which are available for browsing and searching in a well structured, sophisticated and ingenious database. Fewer pages to date have also been added to the database in full-text version. In addition to the online Regesta, the project includes a bibliographic database - RI Opac - containing at present over 400,000 titles on European medieval history, including the references quoted in the publications of the Regesta Imperii itself. This bibliographic tool offers a good search engine with keyword, title and author indices, and an alphabetical and systematic geographic and thematic thesaurus. A recent addition to the resources contains the database of the documents of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III, most of which are not published to date. The website also has information about the history of the project, project partners, staff, as well as other links and online tools related to medieval history. This is a crucial resource for historians but requires good knowledge of German.
This site, created by the Library of Congress, looks at the role that religion played in the founding of the American colonies and in the shaping of early American life and politics. The way in which religion affected the forming of the American Republic is also investigated. The site has seven sections, each of which explores an aspect of American religious life between the seventeenth and early nineteenth centuries. The topics covered are: America as a Religious Refuge (Seventeenth Century); Eighteenth Century America; Religion and the American Revolution; Religion and the Congress of the Confederation 1774-87; Religion and the State Government; Religion and the Federal Government; and Religion and the New Republic. Each section provides a narrative about the topic, plus images of documents and works of art relating to it.
Renaissance, the Elizabethan World is an impressive website, published by an enthusiast of the Renaissance in 16th century Britain and the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. Several resources are available on this site, with articles on Elizabethan heraldry, Elizabethan sumptuary statutes, which laid down rules of dress within society, and transcripts of the trials of the Earls of Essex and Southampton in 1601. The most impressive resource is the online encyclopaedia Life in Elizabethan England - A Compendium of Common Knowledge. This provides brief explanations of various facets of everyday Elizabethan life, covering topics such as food, family, games and pastimes, employment, fashion and education, and is a useful reference source. All of the resources on this site can be collectively searched, and there are also links to other websites.
The Renaissance Journal is a full-text academic ejournal, published by the University of Warwick... "in association with the AHRC Centre for the Study of Renaissance Elites and Court Cultures". At June 2009 there are nine issues online from 2001-2005, freely offering full-text articles, conference reports and book reviews as PDF files. Example article titles include: 'Inconstant Identities on the South Bank: The Duchess of Malfi and the Homeless Visitor'; 'The Cultivation of Monarchy and the Rise of Berlin'; 'How do I look today?: Cosmetics, Cross-Dressing and Desire in The Devil is an Ass'; and 'Social Elites in the Early Modern Public House', among others. Although the journal appears to have ceased in 2005, there are contact details for the Centre for the Study of Renaissance Elites and Court Cultures at the University of Warwick.
The website 'Renaissance Secrets' is published by the Open University and the BBC as a companion to a series of short programmes about this period of history. Subjects covered include the architecture of the dome of Florence Cathedral; Venice; Italian Renaissance medicine and healthcare; and the question of whether Gutenberg really did invent movable type, as has usually been believed. For some of the subjects, full transcripts of the programmes are provided. There are also reading lists, together with biographies of the academic experts involved. The course also includes interesting insights from non-academic experts, such as Daniel Libeskind and Cecil Balmond. Additionally, there are links to pages on four major historiographical approaches, including those connected to Marxist theories and women's history. The website is obviously intended to be used in conjunction with courses on the Renaissance, in particular that of the Open University. The subjects are not covered in depth, but the site serves as an entertaining and basic introduction to the topics covered. The site is well laid out, and excellent images are also interspersed with the texts.
"Renaissance studies" is the website for the journal published in electronic form and hard copy by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. It requires a subscription to see the full journal texts. "Renaissance Studies" is a multi-disciplinary publication of the Society for Renaissance Studies, which addresses all aspects of Renaissance history and culture. As well as publishing critical articles, the journal also publishes editions of historical documents from the period. These documents are published with a full critical apparatus and notes. The journal also publishes a wide range of book reviews in each edition. The site allows users to search an archive of editions of the journal which dates back to 1987. Full abstracts of the articles are available for all users, and subscribers to the print version can access the full online version at no additional cost. An early view of articles online before they go to print it is also possible for subscribers. Unfortunately it is only possible to search through the archive by date of publication. The site is best used for those wishing to locate a specific article, for which the user already has full references. Users wanting to browse for material by subject or author may find that a search takes some time.
This website provides a brief outline of the research being undertaken at the University of Oxford's Aftican Studies Centre. Research described on the site include: 'The Cold War in Africa'; the AHRC-funded work on the Lower Omom Valley in Ethiopia and 'Trauma and Personhood in Late Colonial Kenya'; African Voices: Letters of petition from Colonial Nigeria; Animals in Bushman Medicine. Alongside these projects are details of research programmes at the centre and doctoral and post-doctoral research.
The website "Research in Former Soviet Archives on Issues of Historical Political Economy" belongs to the International Contact Group which focuses on the problems of Soviet economic development. It aims to promote economic research (by younger scholars in particular) in the former Soviet archives on issues of historical political economy, including economic history. The site, hosted by the Economics Department of Warwick University and funded by the Leverhume Trust, includes Web-based information on Russian archives by providing links to other resources, such as 'Arkhivy Rossii' - a Russian language site maintained by the Federal Archival Service of Russia; Introduction to Russian Archives - the English language site maintained by Olga Glagoleva of the University of Toronto; and Rusarchive-L - an email list devoted to issues connected with Russian archives. One of the most valuable pages of this site, "Using the Russian Archives: an Informal Practical Guide for Beginners Based on Users' Experience" (available in PDF format), originates from a hard copy which was published in UK in 1999 and then revised for Web publication in 2002. The site also provides a bibliography of over 600 works on economics and economic history including: Soviet five-year plans; campaigns against peasants; employment and productivity; Soviet slave labour; and other issues which will be of great interest for scholars involved in the study of Soviet history and economics. THe PERSA (Political Economy Research in Soviet Archives) working papers are a great source for research essays on Soviet and Russian recent political history and economics.
This site, supported by the University of Warwick Department of Economics, lists research projects and publications, and holds working papers on research on the archives of the former Soviet Union. This covers the organisation of Communist government in the Soviet Union including the politbureau. It is run by the International Contact Group, which aims to promote further academic research. There is a link to the PERSA Working Papers on this subject. These cover issues relating to the Russian political economy they include the the planning of the labour force and economy in Soviet Russia; civil-military relations and political repression.
The website "Revelations from the Russian Archives" is an online exhibition held at the Library of Congress in cooperation with the Russian Archival Committee in October 2000. It was the first public display of a highly secret internal record of the Soviet communist rule, with the first significant number of documents ever shown anywhere. The archives provide a valuable primary source for understanding the history of the twentieth century. The exhibits illustrate both the domestic and the foreign policy of the USSR. The first section covers internal politics including unannounced decisions and votes of the higher organs of the Communist party, as well as repressive activities of the Soviet security organs. Topics of sub-sections include: collectivisation and industrialisation; anti-religious campaigns; attacks on the intelligentsia; famine in Ukraine; and perestroika. The second section is dedicated to the Soviet-American relations on the government level, between the publics of both countries and between the communist parties of the Soviet Union and the USA.
Richard II's Treasure: the riches of a medieval king is an online resource produced by the Richard II treasure project and the Institute of Historical Research and is funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. Providing detailed information about the treasure and plate listed on the roll of 1398-1399 and the life and reign of Richard II, this is an attractive site brought to life by an impressive set of medieval and contemporary images. Of particular use to historians and those involved in manuscript studies or the decorative arts, this easy to use and well thought out resource will also have a wider appeal. It includes information on the political history of Richard II's reign, with a timeline and family tree and discussion of the portraits of the king and his portrayal by William Shakespeare. The treasure roll is reproduced only briefly, with English translations of its French text, but it is set in the context of contemporary record keeping. There is a good glossary and extensive bibliography and online links.
The website "The Richard III Society, American Branch" represents this society which describes itself as "dedicated to a reassessment of Richard III's life and reign and the study of fifteenth-century English history and culture". The American branch offers academic funding and organises a triennial two-day conference. The website provides subscription information for memberships. The online library holds full-text and pedagogical primary sources that serve as a general introduction to the late medieval and Renaissance periods and includes literary texts. There is an interesting article on the Beaufort family, i.e. the descendants of John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford, a section on terms in medieval probate law, and sources for the reign of Richard III, contained in the 'back to basics' section. For those teaching this period there is a forum and learning resources. There is also an extensive list of Web links. This site is an excellent resource for all those teaching, studying or with a passing interest in fifteenth century English history.
This attractively designed and easily navigable site is part of the Schoolhistory Internet resource, and aims to provide information relating to Adolf Hitler and the Third Reich. The site is structured as a lesson, in which a selection of topics of central importance in the study of Hitler are covered in some detail. The lesson's principal objectives are: to investigate the events and circumstances that led to Hitler's rise to power in January 1933; to examine a profile of Hitler, from his birth in Austria in 1889 to his suicide in 1945; to consider why people supported Hitler, and the strategies he employed to gain popularity; and to attempt a source analysis of questions using those skills acquired during the lesson. Each section is divided into parts which are followed by interactive assessment exercises. Emphasis is placed throughout on the application of knowledge through source analysis.The site, which is intended as an introductory course, presupposes knowledge about World War I (especially the Treaty of Versailles), and some background knowledge of Hitler. A section called 'extension work' provides additional tests on historical readings provided on the site and posts links to similar interactive online teaching resources. This site will be a good study tool or initial teaching site on Hitler, with the caveat that the Holocaust and the Second World War are barely discussed.
This website describes "The Roger Morrice Entring Book Project", a project that aims to publish Morrice's incisive work on the political and religious history of England between 1677 and 1691. This project is of interest to all those studying the political, social and religious history of the reigns of Charles II, James II, and William III. The Entring book reveals information on a variety of aspects of Restoration society: urban growth; London commerce; livery company politics; the culture of anti-popery; printing; and promotion and control of the press. The Entring book contains over 900,000 words and has been published in six volumes, which include a companion volume and biographical dictionary, by Boydell and Brewer. The site offers the titles of each volume and names its editors. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council within the Research Grants scheme.
This extensive website provides an alphabetical list of members of the various royal households in Britain's past. More than that, however, the website provides a mini-biography of every one of the entries in the database. The website can be easily browsed (by name, title, place, event, note, succession, kinship) or searched by keyword. The years of birth and death, and any other relevant information, are given when known. Perhaps the greatest strength of this significant resource is the ability to view the family tree of any person in the database. This provides unparalleled ease-of-use when analysing the family history of the various royal households (including the households of the United Kingdom, of England, and of Scotland and there various connections throughout). The wealth of information provided may be a little too complex for users not familiar with the history of the United Kingdom, or the royal families, but this is nevertheless a hugely significant and valuable online resource.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "RUSCORP : A Database of Corporations in the Russian Empire, 1700-1914" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The RUSCORP database is a body of machine-readable information illuminating the rise of capitalist institutions in tsarist Russia. Specifically, it presents profiles of all for-profit corporations founded in the Russian Empire (except in the Grand Duchy of Finland) from the time of Peter the Great to the eve of World War 1. RUSCORP describes the initial state of these companies at the time of their incorporation as well as their condition in 1847, 1869, 1874, 1892, 1905, and 1914.
'Russian Art and Books' is the website of a dealer in original illustrated books and ephemera from Russia, the majority of which are from the Imperial and Soviet periods of Russian history. The website forms an extensive illustrated catalogue of the items for sale, and these items are presented with small thumbnails that lead to larger scanned images. Only the covers of books are generally shown, although sometimes there may also be an image of some interior artwork. There are some items of original art available on the website. The listings appear to run into thousands of items, and these can be searched by keyword or found grouped in one of twenty categories. The dealer, trading as Helix Art Center in the U.S., claims to have supplied "nearly 700 items" to the Getty Center, and "over 2,000 items" to the Library of Congress.
The Web Site "Russian history websites" features a collection of sites about Russian history and the last days of the Romanov dynasty. This is an incredibly richly-illustrated site and the work of an amateur who has long held an interest in the Alexander Palace. The site is almost a virtual exhibition which reveals the splendours of the palace. The site's author clearly has sympathies with the last of the ruling Romanovs and he has created a beautiful site. It is not the place to go for definitive historical fact, but can be used by teachers or discerning students. In addition there is an interactive forum and a section on iconography. That section also includes details on the symbolism of icons and how to create one. Sections include: Yelagin Palace; Anastasia; St Petersburg; and jewels of the Romanovs. Unfortunately there are many adverts on the site as well.
The website "Russian, Soviet, and CIS history, biographies articles" is part of the AllRefer Reference and Encyclopedia Resource and provides brief biographies of Russian and Soviet historic personalities from the earliest periods in Russian history to the present day. Entries are arranged alphabetically. Coverage includes: all the Russian tsars, beginning with Igor, Duke of Kiev; military leaders; leaders of the October revolution; communist dictators; and leaders of the new Russian state that emerged after perestroika. Each biography provides embedded links to other entries. There are quite a number of text, pop-up, and banner adverts, which some users may find distracting, especially as one sometime has to scroll past adverts to reach the content. The site is best viewed in 800 x 600 resolution. This resource may be of interest to those studying Russian and/or Soviet history.
The Samuel Pepys' diary home page provides access to, and commentary upon, the diary entries of the famous English diarist, Samuel Pepys (1633-1703). The Web page also contains a biography of Samuel Pepys, and of his patron, friend and cousin Edward Montagu, as well as a list of FAQs regarding Pepys' life. There is the option to read extracts from the diary by year, to read extracts which discuss the major events of Pepys' life (e.g. the Coronation of Charles II, the Great Fire of London, and the plague), or to read the entire diary year-by-year. In addition, there is an interesting discussion on Pepys' use of secret code in his diary entries using both the work from Claire Tomalin's book 'Samuel Pepys: The Unequalled Self', as well as work by the website author. The website's greatest strength to students and researchers of Restoration England is in its presentation of the vast amount of information found in Pepys' diary entries from 1660 to 1669 in an easy to navigate and understand manner.
San Diego Mexican and Chicano History traces the history of Spanish and Mexican settlement in San Diego, southern California. The website is divided into seven chapters, and covers three centuries of history concerning the Spanish speaking people of the region, from the first Spanish settlement in 1789 to the United States Government's drive to repatriate millions of Mexicanos to Mexico in the 1930s. The history of the indigenous Indian people of San Diego, is also touched on in the first chapter, although in the context of their encounters with European settlers. The next two chapters look at the Spanish and Mexican era of San Diegan history in the late eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries, and the fourth chapter deals with the U.S.- Mexican War, 1846-1848, which ended with California under American control. The final three chapters cover the history of San Diego and its Mexican and Chicano population from 1850-1930, including the effect of the 1910 Mexican Revolution, and the beginnings of civil rights activism in the 1930s in the face of American racism and discrimination.Each of the chapters has a resources section, with suggested reading and web links, and there is also a photo gallery and a historical map collection available on the site.
The website 'Sarmatian Review' is an online journal devoted to the history, culture, and society of Central and Eastern Europe, hosted by the Rice University Houston and published by the Polish Institute of Houston. It is published three times per year. Recent issues have particularly examined American perspectives of this region in light of Eastern European immigration to the New World and the paradoxical maintenance there of pockets of historical memory and experience in a new context. Thus, Poland and other post-Soviet countries are redrawn here within the light of American ideas and ideals. Opinion pieces implicitly and explicitly trace these connections within the following topics: the relationship between religion and the state; mass media; higher education; literature; inter-ethnic relations; and government and politics. With eclectic content ranging from poetry, to letters to the editor, to editorials, to book reviews, to formal articles, the Sarmatian Review is a proper review in the traditional sense rather than a standard academic journal. Back issues going back to 1992 are archived on the site, with icons for each issue as an interesting navigational tool. A simple search function is also available on the site.
This is a website containing several historical essays about important periods and events in Scotland's past. Areas covered include: the Highland Clearances; the massacre at Glencoe; the campaign of William Wallace; and Scottish history before Wallace. Most of the essays are relatively brief, and aimed at a general rather than a scholarly audience. They are however very readable and provide a useful narrative summary of events. It should be kept in mind that the author of most of the articles, Robert Gunn, is a self-confessed highlander and of a slightly partisan spirit, although he makes this perfectly clear in his essays, which in any case do not suffer overmuch from the 'Braveheart' treatment. The site is clearly presented, and likely to be useful to those requiring a general background to important historical events in Scotland.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Scottish Parliamentary Commissioners, 1357-1707: Biographical Data and Its Presentation', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). This project is supplementary to the long-standing project of the Scottish committee on the History of Parliament to provide concise biographies of all commissioners from burghs and shires who attended Scottish parliaments and associated conventions of estates from 1357 to 1707. In addition to the individual commissioner's election to and attendance at parliaments and conventions of estates, each biography records genealogical information and family connections, education, profession, property and business interests, public work and offices, and voting records where known. Comprehensive datasets have been compiled on every burgh and shire commissioner from the reign of David II to the Treaty of Union.
The website Secrets and Spies is one of the online exhibitions featured in the The National Archives Exhibitions & Treasures, and it looks at the history of espionage and codes in Britain. The exhibition is separated into three main sections, Codes and Ciphers, which looks at how sensitive military and political information has been encrypted over the centuries; Spies, which looks at three individuals, Antony Standen, Colquhoun Grant and Natalie Sergueiew, known as Treasure, who have spied for Britain; and Codemaster where the pigpen cipher is revealed and examined. Topics covered range from the sixteenth century and the Babington Plot against Elizabeth I, through the intelligence methods used by General Scovell in the Peninsular War, to the work undertaken at Bletchley Park during the Second World War and the cracking of the Enigma code. In addition to this there is a glossary of people and terms providing background, and a fun interactive resource where you can send encypted messages to friends.
The Secrets of the Norman Invasion website was created by an amateur historian, Nick Austin, out of his enthusiasm to discover where the Normans landed prior to the Battle of Hastings. Austin proposes that the Normans did not land at Pevensey, the traditionally accepted site, but instead at Wilting Manor, East Sussex. On the site, Austin presents an extensive range of diverse primary and secondary sources to support his claim, from contemporary chroniclers and the Domesday Book, through to the Bayeux Tapestry. He has also studied aerial surveys and resistivity maps of the Sussex coast and examined the geography of the local towns and villages. All of these are accompanied online by a lengthy and detailed argument in favour of Austin's preferred landing site. Austin has received help and assistance from local archaeology groups. Amateur and professional historians alike will find this an interesting resource, whether or not they agree with Austin's argument. There is a link to the associated Norman Invasion chatboard. A Spanish version has been added to the site. As it is an amateur site, there are some adverts.
Selected Works of the Levellers is an online collection of primary documents from 17th century speeches, pamphlets and petitions, providing access to the ideas and debates which arose between radicals such as the Levellers and Diggers with the Parliamentarian authorities during the English Civil War and Interregnum period (1640-1660). The documents are extracted and collated from several printed in the Andrew Sharp collection published by Cambridge University Press. The addition of further collections of contemporary radical documents from the English Civil War period are planned. Related documents by later historians and writers are also being added, which are useful for studying the historiography of the period. This growing online library is part of the Constitution Society's "Liberty Library" of documents charting the development of constitutional freedoms in the United States and other countries, including Britain.
This is the homepage of the archives and special collections at the University of Québec at Montréal (UQAM), Canada. Founded in 1969, the same year that its host Francophone public university was established, this department houses the archives of the university in two sections, with one devoted to the administration of the university and the other dedicated to the history of the institution. Three archival guides (thematic, alphabetic and numeric) explain the contents of university records. Previous archival guides are listed and information for purchasing them is provided. A researcher's guide (Guide du chercheur) for the whole collection is posted online in PDF format.
But the real gems buried here are the private archives, elaborated upon in the researcher's guide, but also properly detailed in a separate archival list. These are fonds which document research undertaken at the university or figures connected to the university, in sciences, sports, arts and letters. The arts and letters section particularly testifies to a vibrant, creative period in French Canadian society in the mid-to-late 20th century. Over 40 fonds include papers of leading provincial artists, painters, writers, playwrights, actors, poets, journalists and dancers, including holdings on: the Québec writer Hubert Aquin (1929-1977); the Canadian artist Marcel Barbeau (1925-); the avant-garde poet Guy Delahaye; correspondence between Jean-Claude Dussault and the poet and playwright Claude Gauvreau (1925-1971); and the actor, director and writer Claude Jutra (1930-1986). There are collections on French Canadian academic, professional and business associations. There is also another rich source base here for researchers on provincial political parties and movements; theatre; and a large pamphlet collection with an earliest publication date of 1771.
The site additionally describes the history of the archives, its annual reports, and its extensive and award-winning mandate for computerized accessiblity, photocopying and rules for access. Some search requests require a username and password. The site is entirely in French and navigation is fairly finicky.
Seventeen Moments in Soviet History provides commentary and primary resources relating to key events in the history of the former Soviet Union. Seventeen years have been selected to present significant and illustrative events which give a sense of what living in the Soviet Union was like. A short essay introduces the year and a selection of newsreel clips; songs; audio material; images; and translated texts provide primary sources documenting the key moments of that year. The events covered include: the Bolshevik seizure of power in 1917; the Kronstadt Uprising in 1921; the death of Lenin in 1924; the Liquidation of the Kulaks by Stalin in 1929; Khrushev's Secret Speech in 1956; the Chernobyl incident in 1986; and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. An interesting site for users interested in both high politics and social history commentary of the ordinary people of the Soviet Union. Users may need to register to view some documents. The site provides frequently asked questions sections for site visitors and teachers.
This is an electronic version of a book which was originally published by the University of California Press in 1998 (ISBN 0520211707). It covers the period 1500-1700, analysing the way in which the popular politics of the crowd influenced the processes of state formation in Europe. Particular reference is made to events in France. It is accessible free of charge from the University of California Press E-Editions site. The ebook is split into three main sections: the preface; the five chapters of the book; and the references section.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Sheffield Club Membership Book, 1873-1970' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as Microsoft Excel 97 or tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data was originally collected as background material to a PhD which investigated the claim made by Martin J. Wiener in 'English culture and the decline of the industrial spirit: 1850-1980' (Cambridge University Press, 1982) that Tory political support was inimical to the growth of industrial capitalism. An ancillary aim was to explore the political allegiance of the membership of the Sheffield Club. The data were computerised between September 1998 and April 1999. The dataset consists of the records of all candidates for membership to the Sheffield Club in the period 1873-1970, which have been transcribed from the Club's Membership Book. Each record provides a numeric identifier, the date the election was voted on, the name of the candidate, the occupation of the candidate, the name of the candidate's proposer and seconder, whether or not the candidate was 'elected', and any additional comments regarding the candidate and the success of his application.
The site "Sic Itur Ad Astra" offers the online version of the printed review with the same title, published by the Department of European Medieval and Early Modern History Department at the Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest (ELTE BTK Középkori és Koraújkori Egyetemes Történeti Tanszék)). This webpage is in Hungarian only. The site introduces the history and the aims of this review; it was created in 1987 to promote publish articles, studies and book reviews written by graduate students in the field of history. The tables of contents as well as the list of authors for all issues between 1987 and 2004 are posted on the site. The full version of three issues is made available. There is information for prospective authors about formatting their texts, about the distribution of the paper version of the review, and links to other historical journals published in Hungary. Three essays concerning the application of computer science to history can also be read on the site. The last updates to this webpage are from 2005.
This website, from the Charles Deering McCormick Library of Special Collections at Northwestern University, hosts a collection of images relating to the revolutionary events leading to the establishment, operation and downfall of the 1871 Paris Commune. The site hosts a collection of 1,200 images, which include political cartoons, caricatures, portraits of leading political figures and digitised photographs of particular buildings within Paris. Details of the photographers are included, together with a subject index and search facilities. It is possible to search by simple search or power search. The simple search enables keyword searching which can be limited to certain parts of the document. The power search supports boolean searching. Online help is available for searching. The categories available for browsing are portraits, landscapes/architecture, political caricatures, documentation, master index and subject index. The site also provides bibliographic references to books, newspapers and pamphlets held in the library collection.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Slave Trade Movement between Africa and the Americas, 1817-1843' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To conduct a quantitative analysis of the slave trade from Africa to the Americas during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file or a Microsoft Excel 2000 file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of: Ship's port of arrival, date of arrival, type of vessel, tonnage, master's name, number of guns, number of crew, national flag, number of slaves, port of departure, number of days of voyage, mortality.
"Slovo" is the website of the inter-disciplinary journal of the same name, run by the postgraduate students of the School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES), University College London. Slovo is a fully-refereed, twice-yearly journal, printed together with Maney Publishing. Its remit includes Russia, Eurasia, Central and Eastern Europe and publishes papers on a variety of topics, mainly by the institution's postgraduates. The website provides information and abstracts from the current issue, back issues (dating back to 1988) and details of how to become a contributor. There is also a link to SSEES publications, and a call for papers for forthcoming issues. The site is useful for discovering new research in the field of Central and East European Studies, Slavonic Studies, Eurasian Studies and Balkan/South European Studies.
The London School of Economics (LSE) has been building its library of social policy documents since 1896. The collection consists mostly of ephemera published by pressure groups, political parties, and trades unions. The Library tries to collect opinions and propaganda from all points of view, no matter how extreme. The historical focus of the collection is on the 19th and early 20th century because of connections with the Webbs and other Fabian Society members, although the archive is still added to up to the present day. Most of the contents of the library has been digitised and may be accessed over the Internet via Adobe Acrobat. The site divides many of its online primary texts into themes. These themes are: Health; housing; pensions; the poor laws and the welfare state; and unemployment insurance. Other documents may be accessed via a more comprehensive search process. The digitisation programme was funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This resource is also described by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
This is the website of the Society for Utopian Studies (SUS), which is "an international, interdisciplinary association devoted to the study of utopianism in all its forms, with a particular emphasis on literary and experimental utopias." The Society publishes the scholarly journal Utopian Studies, and tables of contents for this journal are available online as PDF files. The website has advance notice of future annual SUS meetings, with details about how to submit papers. There is information about how to join SUS, and all the other details one would expect to find on the website of a scholarly society. There are some useful links to external websites.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Sound Traffic, 1784-1795' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The study contains the source edition data from the Sound toll accounts (between the coasts of Denmark and Sweden) in the period 1784-1795. The programs used by Professor Johansen to analyse the data have also been deposited with the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
The South Wales Coalfield Collection (SWCC) website, of the University of Wales Swansea, gives an insight into the social, economic and cultural history of South Wales during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The documents mainly concentrate on the employee side of the industry and particularly to trade union activities. The project relates to records of trade unions (notably the South Wales Miners' Federation, later the National Union of Mineworkers (South Wales Area) and the Iron and Steel Trades Confederation, South Wales Division), miners' lodges and institutes, co-operative societies, and the recordings of interviews individuals connected with the mining community, deposited and collected since the 1960s. Selected data has been output from MODES Plus for Archives into HTML so that lists can be browsed on the Web to provide a catalogue which can be fully searched. The catalogue is arranged in a hierarchical manner reflecting the structure of the records, working its way from the general to the specific with background information on the types of record at appropriate points. The records are divided into physical types such as manuscripts and photographs (records held at the Library and Information Centre, University of Wales Swansea); and audiotapes, videotapes, and banners (held at The South Wales Miners' Library, Swansea). Links to a small number of images of documents in the collection have been provided, in particular to a series of photographs from the 1984/85 Miners' Strike.
This website is an online exhibition dedicated to the Prague Spring, when Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia in August 1968. The site has been created by the Special Collections Library of the University of Michigan in honour of Czech president Vaclav Havel's honorary degree from the University in 2000. It focuses on Czech documents from the Labadie collection of Social Protest Material. The site includes an introduction with information on the 1968 Prague Spring reform movement, Soviet invasion and resistance and occupation. It includes links to images of newspapers, political powers and more, which provide further detail on the topic - as well as providing a number of thematic images (themes include: Political Cartoons; The 14th Party Congress; Posters and Pamphlets; Soviet Propaganda; Czech Resistance Materials in Russian; Newspapers and other Publications; and After the Occupation). The text includes hyperlinked document numbers, clicking on which allows users to access the documents themselves. While the original documents are not in English, translations of the key elements are provided beside each image. Material available includes posters, leaflets, and texts of speeches. These documents can also be accessed via the list of thematically organised sections given in the bar on the left-hand side of the screen: topics include Soviet propaganda, the 14th Party Congress, and Czech resistance materials in Russian. The site also includes bibliography of further reading and a list of newspapers on the subject.
The site "Russian/Soviet intelligence agencies", created by John Pike and maintained by Steven Aftergood under the auspices of the Federation of the American Scientists (FAS), is entirely devoted to Russian/Soviet intelligence services. It is part of the FAS website on worldwide intelligence agencies, that covers secret services in dozens of different countries providing a selection of official and unofficial resources on intelligence policies, structure, functions and operations. The Russian site starts with an introduction and background of the present service from the tsarist period to the Khrushchev times to the Gorbachev era and post-Soviet times. It provides informaton on the structure, organization and facilities of the Committee for State Security (KGB); Foreign Intelligence Service; Federal Security Service (FSB); Federal Protective Service; Presidential Security Service; Federal Border Service; Ministry of Defence (MOD), Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) and other institutions. A special section of the site covers intelligence related laws, such as law on foreign intelligence, law on the fight against terrorism, on the right to information, etc. as well as different decrees and directives. The site also provides links to "sources and resources" and to other relevant websites.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Spending and Taxation Patterns for Municipal Corporations, Local Boards and the Urban Sanitary Authorities in England and Wales, Selected Years, 1868-1888', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, though to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS: further information is supplied giving instructions. The data set was created as part of the ESRC funded project Economic Policy and Political Myopia. The aim of the project was to study the degree of political myopia in public policy today and in the past both from an empirical and a theoretical perspective. The data on fiscal outcomes in municipal boroughs in 1868-1888 was collected to investigate the link between spending on urban sanitation and the local voting franchise. The dataset contains information about fiscal outcomes (taxation and spending, including all sub-categories) for 75 municipal boroughs in 1868, 1871, 1875, 1886, and 1888.
Organised by the Centre for Russian and East European Studies at the University of Toronto, the Stalin-Era Research and Archives Project (SERAP) aims to expand academic researchers' awareness of documents which have only recently been made available with the opening of previously-closed, former-Soviet archives.The project runs a number of archival research investigations. It also attempts to bridge the East-West divide in the study of Russian and East European history of the Stalinist period. Thus the project makes archival information available, runs conferences, makes contacts with academics from the former Soviet Union, and trains graduate students.The SERAP site reflects these aims with a number of pages devoted to listing upcoming SERAP workshops; an online bibliographical archival bulletin; links to sites on Russian and East European archival resources and to similar projects; and a selection of recent online reviews of books which are relevant to this field of research.Of these pages, the bulletins section is most substantial and helpful. The first bulletin (Fall 1995) introduces the project and its directors. Subsequent bulletins list information on conferences; SERAP courses on archival research; SERAP acquisitions and holding in the University of Toronto's Robarts Library; and publication news.But by far the most interesting bulletin articles are reports from investigative teams sent to Russian and East European archives; these teams subsequently publish their full findings in multi-volume bibliographical series on archival documents. The bulletins similarly include synopses of working papers delivered by historians at various international conferences. These synopses focus on the historians' latest discoveries in previously-closed archives.Published reports are available for purchase in the SERAP Books section of the site. Working papers on archival discoveries are also for sale on the SERAP Working Papers page.There is a bibliography of archival bibliographies on the site as well.The SERAP site is easy to navigate, with only the odd link which does not work.
"Stowarzyszenie archiwum Solidarności (Solidarity archives association)" is a Web Site which aims to publicise the society's archival holdings, at the KARTA institute in Warsaw. Although the site has links to both English and Polish versions, most of the English site returned to the Polish variant. Solidarity, or Solidarność, as it was known in Polish, led by Lech Wałłęsa, was arguably the most famous independent Trades Union movement of the twentieth century, and is credited by some with playing a large role in the overthrow of communism in Central and Eastern Europe. The site provides full information about the work of the society, its educational and research activities, as well as its collection of materials, publications and organisations. It is supported and organised by many former members of the movement. It is an excellent collection for those carrying out research on the period of the nineteen eighties in Poland.
This is an impressive website published by the Streetprint Engine, a web publishing initiative of the University of Alberta's CRC Humanities Computing Studio. Revolution and Romanticism is an online database of digitised British street literature, published between 1790 and 1840. The collection includes nearly 200 popular ballads, broadsides, chapbooks, political pamphlets, and penny dreadfuls. These can be searched or browsed by title, year, author, type or category, and cover what is recognised as a period of transition from old to new street literature. The topics covered are eclectic and include crime, geography, household business, legends and fairytales, politics, and romance. The quality of the design and digitisation of the site is high, and it is a pleasure to use.
The website "Study guide for the Communist Manifesto" forms part of a series of online study guides published by Professor Paul Brians of Washington State University. It also conveniently provides a link to a copy of the Communist Manifesto online for easy reference. Published in 1848, the famous collaboration by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, is one of the most widely read texts of modern times. This site is an introductory guide which provides questions and raises issues to stimulate further thinking and discussion. Professor Paul Brians divides the guide into several sections discussing: proletarians and communists; bourgeois and proletarians; socialist and communist literature; and the position of communists in relation to the various opposition parties. A good introductory website for those studying the Communist Manifesto.
This study guide has been produced by Professor Paul Brians of Washington State University and is aimed at undergraduates as preparation for seminars and essays on the topic. The guide provides background to the manifesto and commentary on its contents along with questions designed to stimulate thinking and discussion. The full-text of the manifesto is included. Teachers and students may use the material provided that it is not published elsewhere and that the original author is credited.
This webpage describes an AHRC-funded project analysing the political action of Asian women through their experiences as “active participants in labour struggles” during the Grunwick strike of 1976-7 and the Gate Gourmet strike in 2005.
"Suffragettes and Women's Rights" is a well informed website about the struggle for female emancipation in both the United States and Britain. There is a list of dates in which different countries gave women the vote for comparison. Mary Wollstonecraft's "Vindication of the rights of Women" was one of the leading arguments for the reform in women's rights. This website gives ample attention to the document, and its affects on society. There is biographical information on many of the women in America involved in the suffragette movement such as Sarah and Angelina Grimké, Abigail Adams, Susan Anthony, Lucy Stone,Lucretia Mott and movements such as the Women's Christian Temperance Union. In the final portion of the web page the author addresses the suffragette movement in Britain. In 1889 Emmiline Pankhurst formed the Women's Franchise League. The history of this league and those involved is outlined. You can find information on the controversial Cat and Mouse Act of 1907, and the suffragettes who starved themselves in prison in order to present resistance to the law. This website is well presented, and informative; I would recommend it to those researching women's rights, law reform and the suffragette movement.
This site provides free access to a collection of online archive films and recordings relating to the history of women's struggle to achieve the vote in the UK. They include radio broadcasts and interviews with suffragettes containing personal accounts and oral histories of events leading to the 1918 Representation of the People Act and the election of the first woman MP. Copyright and technical information is displayed on the website.
The Web Site "A summary description of the papers of the Trades Union Congress" provides information on the University of Warwick Modern Records Centre's collection. It predominantly includes the files of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) central registry between 1920 and 1990. The vast expanse of materials comprises: correspondence; internal and external documents; minutes; reports; printed materials; and press statements. The site is set out in a very basic way and intended to inform those interested in carrying out research on the collection of papers, of their scope, arrangement, and supplementary documents. Of particular use to the researcher are the index headings, finding aids, access conditions, and restrictions. 'Sources booklets' are also available as well as a description of the catalogue of the archives and their classification. This is an excellent resource for those researching the history of the trade union movement, social history, or political history of the twentieth century in the UK.
The website of the "Századok" (Centuries) review contains electronic versions of the paper issues as well as the usual information regarding the history of this publication, its editorial team and guidelines for submitting articles. The site informs the readers that "Századok" was founded in 1867 together with the Hungarian Historical Society and it is published in six issues annually. The review focuses on Hungarian history, from the Middle Ages to modern times. Available online are the tables of contents for issues between 2004 and 2008 and the full contents of articles for issues between 2003 and 2007. An "electronix appendix" posted on the site covers the repertorium of the review for the period 1976-2006. All these materials can be read or downloaded in PDF format. There is an online form for signalling and submitting errors. The site annouces the news in the publication of the journal and news from the Hungarian Historical Society. Application forms for the grants supported by "Századok" can be downloaded.
This site, aimed at undergraduates, is devoted to the eighteenth-century political economist Thomas Malthus. Edited by Frank Elwel, the site is an exhaustive introduction to the author of the Essay on the Principle of Population (1798). Divided into a number of sections, T. Robert Malthus' Homepage contains two essays that outline the relevance of Malthus today and the basic tenets of his social theory. The rest of the site consists of excerpts from Malthus' work arranged into themes. These include: Malthus on welfare, materialism, functionalism, progress and inequality. A useful glossary of sociological terms is also featured on the site.
Tales of the frontier: political representations and practices inspired by Hadrian's Wall is the website of a major Arts and Humanities Research Council project (July 2007 - Sept 2009), which is investigating the cultural and political meanings given to this famous Roman frontier system. The project will range in time from the Venerable Bede (8th Century) to contemporary tourism, and will draw on a wide variety of resources including works of art and literature. The website contains details of the project and staff. There are pages for news, publications and events. There are a small number of selected external Web links of relevance to the project. The project is based at the Durham Centre for Roman Cultural Studies, which is also developing the Hadrian's Wall Research Framework.
The TEAMS website is the online home of the Consortium for the Teaching of the Middle Ages. The organization was founded by the Medieval Academy of America to support the teaching activities of its members and is now a non-profit organisation supporting the teaching of medieval studies at all educational levels. TEAMS projects include: the publication of a series of teaching texts in association with the University of Western Michigan's Medieval Institute Publications; the maintenance of an online textual archive of the literature of the Middle Ages; and outreach work with secondary schools. Details of all these activities are published on the site. The online teaching resources for primary and secondary educators are amongst the most useful features of this site. Resources include detailed lesson plans for teaching different age groups, providing: a checklist of equipment needed; a glossary of key vocabulary for each unit; and suggestions for evaluating pupil performance during each task. Activities for younger children include: music; movement; and re-enactment exercises. Online texts are accompanied by an introduction and suggestions for further reading. There is also a comprehensive bibliography on the site.
The Temperance and Prohibition website is published by the History Department of Ohio State University, and is an online guide to the history of temperance movements and prohibition in the United States in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The site is divided into several chapters, looking at topics such as the strength of the brewing industry in the U.S. in the nineteenth century, the Women's Crusade, Frances E. Willard and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, the Anti-Saloon League, and the Ohio Dry Campaign of 1918. The text is illustrated by a number of images and primary sources, including cartoons, transcripts of political debate, and other relevant documents. This is a simple site that offers a number of useful resources on alcohol in U.S. social and political history.
The website of the House of Terror Museum in Budapest, Hungary, provides information in both English and Hungarian on the museum set up to commemorate the victims of terror in Budapest during World War II and the Stalinist regime. The Museum was opened in 2002, and was built on the site of the most feared locations, where many victims were tortured in 1944 as well as during the 1950s. The website describes the story of the construction of the museum, and the different exhibition rooms on three floors illustrated with photographs. It also lists past temporary international exhibitions, such as exhibitions on George Orwell, the children of the Holocaust, and the famine in the Ukraine of the 1930s. The site is rich in historical information on political terror in Europe in the 20th century. Links to similar and related sites are provided.
The simply presented freelance site 'The Gunpowder-Plot of 1605: The trial of Guy Fawkes and others' contains a complete transcription of the trial of the conspirators in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605, taken from the Complete Collection of State-Trials (London, 1776). Spelling and grammar have been retained from the original text, but paragraph breaks and hypertext links have been added in order to make it easier to follow.
The website 'Struggle for Mastery: Britain 1066-1284' is a PDF document providing an extensive bibliography of secondary sources for British history between 1066 and 1284. It was compiled by the respected medieval historian, Professor David Carpenter, from sources used in his 'Struggle for Mastery: Britain 1066-1284', (Penguin, 2003) and suggestions for further reading. Too long to include in the book, this full bibliography was therefore put online by Kings College London. It is a valuable resource for anyone interested in the period. Divided into sections, the bibliography deals chronologically and thematically with the political, social and economic history of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Carpenter's comments on many of the sources provide an introduction to the historiography of the period, illustrating the different points of view held by historians and other experts. His interesting and informative reviews encourage the reader to investigate new sources and subject areas. It concentrates on sources published to 2000, although there are some down to 2003. Despite its length, Carpenter does not claim it is exhaustive. Although this is an essay, its headings and layout - especially the use of underlining - could be improved for online readers.
This website, by Professor Gerhard Rempel, at Western New England College, provides various essays (called 'lectures' on the website) on the main aspects of the history of the twentieth century. The easy-to-navigate website has links running along the bottom of the page, with information on Professor Rempel's course's exams and quizzes, maps, media other sites of interest, and a very brief bibliography. Most of these sections will not be of any great use to general interest users. The lectures section, however, presents a series of 34 essays on various topics in twentieth century history (from Great Power politics and the 1917 Russian Revolution to the Third Reich and Arab Nationalism). Each of these essays is detailed and interesting, and will be of great benefit to students who wish to understand the twentieth century.
Aimed at a general audience, the History Box is a compendium of previously published (and out of copyright) articles together with more recently written articles relating to the history the United States, and of New York City and State. Detailed coverage is given to the history of the Five Boroughs, city government, transport, communications as well as New York’s architecture and its people. Coverage of the United States as a whole is good, through reproduced articles and selected web links. There are useful sections on the history of relations with Indian tribes, slavery and the history of the colonial-era, and there are a number of new sections planned.
This website, part of the wider Contemporary Post-colonial and Post-imperial Literature in English website, provides a wealth of information on the topic of post-colonialism in general. The website is easy to use, being split into several thematic 'chapters' including, for example, exoticism and orientalism; the other, Otherness and Alterity; centre and margin; nation(s) and nationalism; and globalisation. Each of these 'chapters' lead to a number of articles covering both general introductions to the concept (e.g. 'nationalism: an overview) to more in-depth and detailed discussion. While this website is mainly aimed at those interested in English Literature, the nature of the material makes the information of great value to those interested in colonialism, imperialism, cultural history, social history, and political history, as well as the ideas of nation and nationalism, the global and the local, and Otherness.
This website from the Library of Congress takes the form of an online exhibition exploring the work of Thomas Jefferson and his legacy. The exhibition concentrates on the documents written by Jefferson and aims to reveal the evolution in Jefferson’s thinking. The exhibition has been divided up into eight main sections: Life and Labor at Monticello; Creating a Virginia Republic; Declaration of Independence; Establishing a Federal Republic; The West; A Revolutionary World; Legacy; and Jefferson's Library. Each section has an introduction to the topic and a selection of documents relating to it. The site also has information about the exhibition, a time-line and a link to Thomas Jefferson papers available from the Library of Congress’s American Memory website.
The 'Thomas Jefferson papers' website provides online access to material held by the Manuscripts Department at the Library of Congress. The complete collection of Thomas Jefferson papers at the Library of Congress consists of approximately 27,000 documents. This material was microfilmed in 1974 and the majority of this has been made available by digitally scanning the microfilm to create images of the documents. The quality of the images is variable, although fully searchable transcriptions have been made available where possible. The types of document in the collection include correspondence, commonplace books, financial account books and manuscript volumes. The majority of this material is dated from between 1775 and 1826. The website provides further details about the collection and the way the digital images have been created. The collection can be searched or browsed. Other features of the website include timelines, a bibliography, and links to related collections and resources. The Thomas Jefferson papers at the Library of Congress site forms part of the American Memory Historical Collections from the Library of Congress.
This is the website of Time Travellers, a non profit-distributing limited company, that create live interpretive performance of history and archaeology subjects in museums, galleries, heritage sites and schools. These performances can provide "living history and children's role-play... to provoke, enlighten, and entertain". This is essentially an online advertisement for the company, and provides links to recent clients and partners such as: Bradford Industrial Museum; National Army Museum, London; Northumbria National Park; National Railway Museum, York; and the North Yorkshire Education Advisory Service. In addition to the content provided here to show off their range of tailored performance programmes - a brief résumé of performances like "Cat and Mouse (politician and suffragette in debate from 1913) and "Interview with Wilfred Owen" (an interview with the First World War poet using his own words) - there is also a brief set of links to articles which deal with theoretical issues surrounding Time Travellers, live interpretation, and historical character interpretive performance. These appear to have been written to contribute to the lack of academic and professional publications about performance in museums.
The TimeRef website is a resource for those studying Medieval history, concentrating particularly on England, Scotland and Wales. The site includes details on: people; places; and events, with the information primarily organised into timelines. Information can be accessed through: navigation bars; timelines; and other graphical navigation devices, as well as a search engine. Information is presented in a variety of ways, including: photographs; plans; digital reconstructions of cathedrals, abbeys and castles; family trees and personal timelines; and maps. There is also: a section on the architecture of the period; a list of links to related websites; and a glossary of terms used on the site. The site is also available in a text-only version. The site is updated regularly.
This website is about the Tolpuddle Martyrs, who were six Dorset men - James Loveless, George Loveless, Thomas Standfield, John Standfield, James Hammet, and James Brine - who, 'to preserve ourselves, our wives, and our children, from utter degradation and starvation', formed the Tolpuddle Lodge of Agricultural Labourers Friendly Society in 1834. Their attempts to join labourers together to demand fair working conditions led to charges under the 1797 Mutiny Act and seven years transportation to the penal colonies of Australia and Tasmania. This website includes an overview of the Tolpuddle Martyrs' story with pamphlets written by members of the group on their return from transportation, which are reproduced in full. 'The Victims of Whiggery', by George Loveless is divided into six parts, while 'The Horrors of Transportation', by James Loveless, James Brine and John Standfield is on a single scroll-down page. Also included are a witness account of the trial of the Tolpuddle Martyrs and a resources page aimed primarily at school teachers, but with an interesting selection of songs and images from the time. This site offers useful access to primary source documents, which are likely to be of interest in early research at undergraduate level.
Tolpuddle Martyrs Museum was established to commemorate the arrest, trial and punishment of six agricultural workers in Tolpuddle, Dorset for establishing a trade union in 1833. The site is interesting for the short history it provides on the birth of trade unionism. It carries general information about the museum itself, with opening hours and publications information, along with a news and events section. There is also a brief introduction to the story of George Loveless and the five other men who were transported to Australia for their attempt to organise the local workforce.
This is the website of the Tolpuddle Martyrs Museum, which was established to commemorate the arrest, trial and punishment of six agricultural workers in Tolpuddle, Dorset for establishing a trade union in 1833. The site carries general information about the museum itself, with opening hours and publications information, along with a section about news and upcoming events, and a contacts list. There is also a brief introduction to the story of George Loveless and the five other men who were transported to Australia for their attempt to organise the local workforce. This section is a little disappointing though, as it does not provide very much information about the Martyrs and their circumstances. However, this is still a useful research for those interested in trade union and labour history. The site features information about the annual Tolpuddle Martyrs' Festival.
The website 'Tradition and its Discontents: Jewish History and Culture in Eastern Europe' is an online exhibition from the Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. The exhibition is based on the specific history of Eastern Europe as the main centre for modern Jewish civilisation over the past three hundred years. Expanding studies are now being pursued in this field, based on new access to archives in the former Soviet bloc. Exhibited images are scanned from primary sources going back to the sixteenth century. However, the majority of images and sources concern the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. They take in religious, communal and political themes of Jewish life in the region; they also highlight key figures. Some foci of interest treated here from this latter period include: immigration from the Russian Pale of Settlement and its consequences in Central Europe; pogroms; development of the newspaper press; ritual murder; Jewish scholarship and history; election campaigns in Austria-Hungary; Yiddish and the development of an Eastern European Jewish aesthetic; the founding of the Yidisher visnshaftlekher institut (YIVO -- Yiddish Scientific Institute) in 1925. Explanations of each image are supported by hypertext links to appropriate recommended reading in a good bibliography. There is also a list of contributors, which includes their university affiliations.
The London School of Economics has been building its library of transport history and policy documents since 1896. The collection consists mostly of ephemera published by pressure groups, political parties and trades unions. The historical focus of the collection is on the 19th and early 20th century because of the library's connections with the Webbs and other Fabian Society members, although the archive is still added to up to the present day. Most of the contents of the library has been digitised and may be accessed over the Internet via Adobe Acrobat. The site divides many of its online primary texts into themes. With relation to transport, these themes are: canals and inland waterways; roads; the railways; transport policy; transport workers; and urban transport. Other documents may be accessed via a more comprehensive search process. The digitisation programme was funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This resource is also described by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Treatymaking in the Interwar Period, 1921-1942' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The purpose of this study is to establish how far cooperative strategies in international politics can increase the prospects for international peace. The data consists of: bilateral treatymaking; activities of the permanent Court of Justice; war; geographical proximity; cultural dissimilarity; prior patterns of bilateral friendship and antagonism. The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
This enthusiast's website makes available online portraits and images of sixteenth century English monarchs, and English and European noblemen. Each of the Tudor monarchs, Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I, Elizabeth I, and Stuart King James I and VI, is represented with a selection of images accompanied by brief information about the artist and the date it was painted. In addition to the royal portraits, there are five other sections with pictures of English, French, German, Spanish and Italian nobles, including a large number of works by Hans Holbein (1497-1543). The images are all of a good quality, and can be viewed as large thumbnails or as full-screen images.
The website Tudor England by Britain Express provides a range of biographies and historical accounts of the Tudor period in two sections: Peoples and Events and Tudor life. Henry VII's biography outlines his attempt at an absolute monarchy, and the Court of Stars. Henry VIII's biography contains information about his six wives, his connection to Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, and his children, Mary, Elizabeth, and Edward, who all reigned as English monarchs. Between the reign of Edward VI's and Mary Tudor's reign, the nine day queen, Lady Jane Grey was crowned in an elaborate scheme to take the throne from the Tudors. Important Tudor events are described, such as the Dissolution of the Monasteries by Henry VIII, the Pilgrimage of Grace, the Field of Gold cloth where Henry VIII and Francis I of France met to establish an alliance, and the Spanish Armada during Elizabeth I's reign. It is a site that gives basic information about Tudor England and can be used at school level.
Tudor England 1485 to 1603 is an excellent website covering the Tudor dynasty in England, from the beginning Henry VII's reign in 1485 until the end of Elizabeth I's in 1603. Devised and published by an enthusiast, both the design and content are impressive, and it offers strong reference material along with some good primary sources. The site is comprised of four main parts, biographies of members of the monarchy, primary sources, general resources, and bibliographies and links. The biographies are impressively in-depth, and cover the Tudor monarchs, relatives, and important citizens, such as Charles Brandon, Thomas Cranmer, and Thomas More. All of the primary sources have been transcribed, and include letters, accounts of events, official announcements and documentation and speeches. The general section includes the Tudor family tree, and short encyclopaedic-type entries about life in Tudor England, covering topics such as government, religion, clothing, and rebellions. Additionally the site features a number of quizzes on various individuals and events, and a useful FAQs section.
The Tudor history site, developed by Lara Eakins, contains a variety of information about the Tudor period. The site has biographical information of all the Tudor monarchs, including portraits and relevant art work. There is a very useful who's who in Tudor history which provides brief details about significant Tudors. The site also has details of life in Tudor times, Tudor architecture, maps, topics on Tudor history, chronologies and glossaries. Other features of the site include: a mailing list; links; bibliography; extracts from primary sources; a monthly newsletter; and a blog with questions and answers. The site has got a clear structure to it and there is a search engine to aid navigation. The site is being developed further with future plans available on the site. This site provides a useful starting point for details of Tudor history.
The website "The Tudors" is another excellent Spartacus resource aimed at A and AS History students of early modern England and Wales. The information is arranged in a tabular form of internal links to texts on the particular person, aspect, or event pertinent to the Tudor period (1485-1603). There are over 50 biographies, including: Peter Wentworth; Desiderius Erasmus; John Knox; William Cecil; as well as the Tudor monarchs and their consorts. The section entitled "Events, Issues and Organisations" contains potted accounts of, for example: the Babington Plot; Presbyterians; Tudor Wales; the Kett Rebellion; and Tobacco in Tudor England. An excellent site which serves as a good reference point both for students and teachers; general historical information is accompanied by illustrations and links to further resources.
"Tudors.org" is an authoritative, academic website, produced by one of the most eminent experts in Tudor history (1485-1603), Professor John Guy from the University of St Andrews. This website is based on a collection of essays, and aims in its own words "to dispense some of the most up-to-date information regarding Tudor England that is available". This site is of great use and interest to undergraduates, researchers, and postgraduates alike, as it presents alternative views on one of the most popularly taught subjects of English or British History - the Tudors. The site is organised into two main sections: "History menu" and "Tudor history discussion". Each classify their content according to a selected education level: AS/A2 and Undergraduate. Under "History menu" public lecture notes and links to primary sources are posted, while the "Tudor history discussion" links to the forum where books by John Guy and Julia Fox are debated. The site has been redesigned and now contains a forum. Advertisments are present on the site but they are tolerable. The main page announces the latest additions to the site.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Two Eighteenth-Century French Periodicals : the Anee Litteraire and the Journal Encyclopedique (1762/3,1773/4,1783/4) : a Quantitative Study' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. To provide quantitative data upon which to base an evaluation of the French Enlightenment and of the climate of opinion in France between 1762 and 1787. The basis of the study is an exhaustive examination of two eighteenth century French periodicals. Variables: Journal, year, number of pages of each entry, author, type of entry (book review, article, letter, poem, announcement, news, anecdote), subject matter, whether excerpted, whether translated, language, nature/work, word frequency (words appearing in the titles of books reviewed).
The website of the Tyne and Wear Archives Service provides free access to information about this archive which holds documents relating to Newcastle upon Tyne, Sunderland, Gateshead, South Tyneside and North Tyneside from the twelfth to the twenty first centuries. It is a simple and easy to use website, with access to the online catalogue of the Archives Service. The Museums, Libraries and Archives Council has designated this an Outstanding Collection for its ship building and maritime trade collection. Information for visitors, news, contact details and a good selection of user guides are provided. There is a link to the Archives North East online research query service. There are also links to very good mini sites produced by the Tyne and Wear Archive Service, notably the Mauretania website funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and a site for school students, dedicated to Captain David Peacock, a zoologist who tackled the lice problem in the First World War.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'U.K. County Data, 1851-1966' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file or SPSS portable file or STATA 6 file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. To collect social, demographic, electoral and linguistic data for each of 118 British and Irish counties in the period 1851-1966, in order to study national development in the UK and Ireland. Variables: County. Population: growth, proportion aged 65 and over, sex ratio, density, marriage rate, per capita income, proportion in agriculture/manufacturing/middle class/civil service, proportion who were female domestics. Proportion urban, city size, index of ethnic diversity, vote residual and income residual. Proportion voting Conservative, Labour, Liberal, Nationalist Party. Proportion Celtic speakers. Religiosity, literacy. Proportion of Church of England, non-conformists, Roman Catholics. Proportion English born, Welsh born, Scottish, Irish and French. Voting turnout, birth rate, infant mortality rate.
The "UK Government Web Archive" is a project undertaken by The National Archives that aims to preserve government websites, with the intention of illustrating the changing nature of interaction between the citizens of the UK and its government. This website collects and makes available an archive of snapshots of selected government websites. Full background information on the project is also available. The project commenced in 2003. The chosen websites fall into the broad categories of: Business, industry, economics and finance; Culture and leisure; Environment; ; Government, politics and public administration; Health, well-being and care; International affairs and defence; People, community and housing; Public order, justice and rights; Transport, communication and technology; and Work, education and skills. The individual websites include: those of major government departments such as DEFRA and the Prime Minister's Office; those of regulatory bodies such as the Strategic Rail Authority; and that of the Hutton Inquiry. The archive of these websites is likely to be of interest to many people, whether they are looking for information about a specific subject or for a general overview of how the UK government has presented information to the public. The snapshots are taken at intervals of either one week or six months, and are made available through the Internet Archive. The search function allows users to search for websites by web address. The collection may also be browsed by category. It is easy to navigate, although once the user is viewing a snapshot it is necessary to use the browser button to return to the snapshot index. The snapshot itself consists of the whole website as it was on the date when the record was taken, with all internal links intact. However, some external links and images may be broken.
The Ulster Covenant website provides access to a digitised version of the document signed in 1912 protesting against the Irish Home Rule bill. Organised by the Ulster Unionists under Sir Edward Carson, the Ulster Covenant and the parallel Declaration were signed by just under half a million people, providing a useful genealogical resource as well as an important historical document. The Covenant and parallel Declaration are searchable by name, address, parliamentary division, district, place of signing, and agent in charge, enabling very specific returns. Results convey all this information and link to digitised images of the relevant signatures on the original forms. Further resources on the site are: background to the Covenant; the Covenant trail; preparations; Ulster Day; and aftermath. Search hints and tipps as well as information about viewing and printing pages are offered.
"Umrabulo" is an online full-text journal produced and published by the African National Congress (ANC). All issues are online and date from the fourth quarter of 1996 to the present day. Users can also subscribe to a hard copy edition - forms are available on the site. The journal addresses a wide variety of issues on South African society, economics, politics, the history of the ANC, and arts and culture. Topics discussed include, for example: micro-finance for poverty alleviation; the relevance of Pan-Africanism today; transforming the state and governance; media in a democratic South Africa; and draft governmental policy documents. This is an excellent site for anyone who wants to keep up-to-date with current thinking in South Africa, or who is studying South Africa, or development studies. The home link directs the user to the ANC home page.
The Union Makes Us Strong: Trades Union Congress (TUC) History Online websote is the result of a partnership between London Metropolitan University and the Trades Union Congress, funded by the New Opportunities Fund (NOF). The project is making available a digital collection of images of historic materials held in the TUC library and developing a set of learning resources about specific events or themes. The site is arranged around a series of five learning resources that deal with various aspects of labour history, including one on the Match Workers Strike Fund Register of July 1888, with a digital facsimile of the Strike Fund Register, and of other documents and images. Further resources are in development for the General Strike, Robert Tressell's The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists and 100 years of Congress Reports from 1868 to 1968. There is also a timeline covering the years 1815-2000, which contains short essays about the history of the British trade union movement. Topics covered include: Chartism, 'New Model' unionism, The National Federation of Women Workers, the Labour Party, Socialism, the First World War, the General Strike, the Spanish Civil War, the Second World War, the British Labour Government 1945-1951, and International Trade Unionism. Links to relevant images or external sites are available in each topic.
A partnership between London Metropolitan University and the Trades Union Congress has produced this site of information, history and images concerning the history of trade unionism in Britain. The resources include a timeline of trade union history from 1815 and a history of the Match Workers Strike of 1888 incorporating a digitised browsable copy of the original strike register. There is a also a facsimile edition of The Ragged Trousered Philanthropist (with transcript) fully available online.
The website The Union of the Crowns 1603-2003 on the uniting of the English and Scottish crowns in 1603 was created using educational resources at SCRAN and RLS. It offers a facility to search for documents and resources in SCRAN's catalogues, and also useful reference resources. Looking primarily at the Stuart dynasty, the site uses a range of resources to tell the story of James VI's accession as James I of England, and the establishment of Great Britain. The backgrounds of both the Tudor and Stuart dynasties are discussed, and the centuries of conflict between Scotland and England, with reference to events such as the Battle of Flodden and the Rough Wooing. There is also a timeline from 1286 to 1625 that highlights the important events and individuals present during the three centuries of animosity between the two nations. The biographies of key individuals, including Henry VII, Elizabeth I, Mary Queen of Scots, James VI and I, John Knox and George Buchanan, are also available. In addition there is a list of Scottish sites with royal associations, such as Dunfermline Palace and Stirling Castle.
This site describes the Unique Collections at Concordia University in Montréal, Québec, Canada. This department holds private papers, manuscripts, donated documents, and rare books. The site provides a detailed description of each special collection, including: 80 antique maps, showing early cartographers' work in Upper and Lower Canada; the Azrieli Holocaust collection, with European sources and references to Canadian anti-Semitism and Canadian war-time refugee internment camps; first editions of the works of the English playwright Christopher Fry; Canadian and American political cartoons; letters and books of D'arcy McGee, one of Canada's Fathers of Confederation; an international gay and lesbian literature collection from the 19th and 20th centuries; a collection of Hilaire Belloc's first editions; sources on silent era cinema; documents and manuscripts from the papers of the poet Irving Layton; donated private libraries from Lillian Davies and Dr. Max Stern; the records of the non-Francophone interest group Participation Québec, which was active from 1976-1981; a series of Canadian collections dealing with Québec politics and bilingualism in the 20th century; the Rochlin collection on South African political and trade union organizations from 1912 to 1960; and the Hannah Masonic collection. Details for researchers regarding rules of access are provided.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'United States Historical Election Returns, 1788-1823; New Jersey Election Returns, 1789-1822' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, so further information is supplied giving instructions. Data for general elections to the offices of President, Governor and US Representatives for the years 1788-1823. These returns comprise an extension of the general election collection back to the occurrence of the first elections held under the United States Constitution. The data are recorded chiefly at the county-level, although town-level returns were collected and preserved as well for the New England states. This collection of early national period election returns is much less complete than the body of returns available for the years from 1824 to the present; fugitive and nonextant sources resulted in the recovery of only approximately half of the possible returns for elections in this period.
Uniting the Kingdoms? is one of the online exhibitions featured on the National Archives website. The site looks at Britain during the Middle Ages, from 1066 until 1603, focusing on the interaction, conflict, and identity of the four individual countries that make up the United Kingdom, England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. It also considers the role of France, and England's French territories, in the shaping of these nations. Each country is considered individually, with text tracing their dynasties, fortunes, and relations with their neighbours. The site is well designed, and each chapter features captioned images, pop-up glossary terms, discussion of myths and legends, and links to further resources, as well as the main narrative text. In addition to this there are over seventy key medieval documents available as facsimile images with accompanying transcripts, and maps showing the medieval territory of each country.
'Universal Newsreels' is part of the Internet Archive website, and the Web pages in this section gives free access to digitised versions of over 600 selected cinema newsreels produced by Universal between 1929 and 1967. Newsreels were news films shown in cinemas at a time before the widespread ownership of televisions. Users may browse by collection or by subject / keywords. Video may be freely downloaded in OGG Video, MPEG4, or MPEG2 formats, and downloading is not restricted only to those in the U.S.A. Films seems to have been selected because they show moments of great historic interest. Of interest to British visitors may be: 'Churchill Home-Coming' (1941); 'Jungle War In Burma' (1944); 'RAF Sinks Tirpitz' (1944); 'Beaten Nazis Sign Historic Surrender' (1945), among others. The newsreels have been placed in the public domain by Universal, and thus students looking for royalty free footage to use in learning film-editing or in arts projects may find reels such as 'Chimp into Space' (1961) especially useful. The entire collection of Universal Newsreels is held at the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.
The website European Resource Centre provides information about this centre and its collections, based at the University of Birmingham, which supports the European Research Institute (ERI). The site has details about the centre's staff, collections, opening hours, and facilities. The Centre brings together the resources of the Centre for Russian and East European Studies, the Institute for German Studies, and the Centre for Study of Security and Diplomacy. It has incorporated the Baykov Library, an archive internationally famous for its Central and East European holdings, which number over 90, 000. The collection focuses mainly on: EU enlargement; the European Documentation Centre (material of the main institutions of the EU); the German Documentation Centre; Western Europe post-1945; the Communist period in the Soviet Union; and post-1945 Central, Southern, and Eastern Europe. A vital resource for those researching East, Central, and Southern Europe, or post 1945 history.
The website 'University of Bristol Special Collections' describes the special collections held by the University of Bristol Library. Covering a wide range of subjects the collections derive from a wide range of subject-specific personal and institutional libraries donated to the university. Particular strengths are in the history of architecture, non-conformist Christian movements, science and medicine as well as rare books, political pamphlets and social history. Other collections include various family archives, often related to the history of Bristol and the nationally important collection of material relating to Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The site informs about catalogues and archives and gives guidance regarding library policy and practical things to know for users.
This web page lists the special collections held by the University of Huddersfield library. Each collection is described, and linked documents contain a wide variety of other information, varying from simple lists of items held in the collection, to searchable databases of the material. Key collections include: the extensive social and economic history library of statistician G.H. Wood; historical books on diet and nutrition donated by nutritionist John Yudkin; collections of Yorkshire parish histories, records, maps and theses; the Wesley Historical Society (Yorkshire Branch)’s nationally important collection of 12,000 printed items and manuscripts relating to the region’s Methodist history; a collection of twentieth century socialist and labour history. Other collections are mainly in the areas of architecture, social, health and education history, and radical and left-wing literature.
The website "University of Hull State Papers project" is a transcription project dedicated to sharing transcriptions and digital facsimiles of Elizabethan Domestic State Papers, which have been very inadequately calendared up until now. The site contains three principal collections: the Public Record Office SP12 (State Papers Domestic Elizabeth); the British Library Lansdowne Mss; and the Hull City Archives, 1558-1603. The transcriptions load very fast. Recent additions to the site include facsimile images of the original documents from the SP/12 catalogue scanned at a good resolution, and a 'toolkit' of useful reference materials relating to the politics, place names, money, and weights and measures of Elizabethan England. There is also a guide to the microfilm of the Salisbury Papers in the British Library. This site is likely to be of great interest to historians of Tudor England.
The website 'University of Reading Special Collections' describes the 150 separate special collections held at the University of Reading library. As yet largely uncatalogued on the University’s electronic catalogue, the collection descriptions can be searched or browsed alphabetically from here. Of the archives of historical and literary papers held two, the Samuel Beckett Archive and the Records of British Publishing and Printing are designated as internationally important by the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council. Other collections. Other collections relate to other authors, twentieth century British and Italian Politics, and local studies. As well as the extensive archive material, the Library holds important collections of rare books including pre 1851 handpress printed books, private press books and modern literary first editions. Particular strengths are history, history of science, children's literature, publishing and printing history, literature and classics. The site promotes regularly a 'featured items' section, with highlights from the collections, with the brochures available for download in PDF format. An archive of this section is accessible on the site.
This website describes the special collections held at the University of Sheffield Library. Built up since the University’s foundation these extensive collections encompass a wide range of material and subjects supporting the University’s research interests, including architecture, through history, literature, international studies, local studies, politics, music, law and geography. Each collection (listed both alphabetically and by subject) is accompanied by a detailed description of its contents, together with item finding and access arrangements.
This website documents the special collections held at the University of Southampton. The collection is important as the custodians of the Wellington, Mountbatton and Palmerston papers. Additionally the library holds the Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel and the Survey of Jewish Archives. Other collections of printed material include: local studies material relating to Hampshire and the Isle of Wight; Parkes Library on Jewish/Non-Jewish relations; the Moir Collection of Spanish drama; Oates Collection on slavery and Africa; Perkins Agricultural Library; Rosicrucian Collection. There are also archives and collections relating to the University’s own history. Items are accessioned into the library’s online catalogue, which is searchable from the website and some collections form the basis of other significant online databases.
This website documents the extensive library special collections of the University of Stirling. The collections are particularly strong in their coverage of Scottish literature, with personal archives from poets, including James Hogg and Norman MacCaig, alongside material related to figures such as Walter Scott and Helen B. Cruickshank. Two of the most important collections that are held at the University are the Lindsay Anderson Archive (personal and working papers, diaries, photographs, memorabilia and his personal library) and the John Grierson Archive (papers, photographs and other material). There is also coverage of politics, from radical left-wing literature, to documents and pictures relating to Napoleon Bonaparte. Other collections relate to scholars at the University and rare books and manuscripts. The website details the content of each collection, with information about searching and accessing material.
The University of Sussex Journal of Contemporary History is a full-text refereed online journal. The journal aims to provide a forum for the publication of postgraduate work and to disseminate creative, critical, and inter-disciplinary historical research. The journal covers all aspects of nineteenth and twentieth century cultural, economic, political and social history. The journal was started in September 2000 and is published biannually. The journal can be browsed by date. The journal website also has a notice board to help facilitate communication between researchers. The journal actively encourages submissions; details can be found on the website.
The Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library houses rare books, special collections, manuscripts, archived documents and the official records of the University of Toronto. The Library now holds some 600,000 volumes and approximately 2,500 linear metres of manuscripts. The highlights of this collection are made available online through a series of virtual exhibitions. These include: etchings of the seventeenth century Bohemian artist, Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677); Anatomia, 1522-1867, with historical studies of the human anatomy from sources spanning that time period; the Barren Lands, with over 5,000 images from surveys conducted in 1893 and 1894 of Canada's north (now Nunavut) by James Tyrrell and J. B. Tyrrell; pre-1930 Canadian Pamphlets and Broadsides; Canadian Printer and Publisher, showing the history of the Canadian publishing industry through historic trade journals; the Discovery and Early Development of Insulin; and a classical Papyri collection. An additional 'Images from the Collection' subsite provides a wealth for images related to Canadiana; English and European Literature; Hebraica and Judaica; and Philosophy, Theology and Religion. The site posts exhibition catalogues and other library publications.
Researchers can refer to the Index to Collections, which offers detailed archival information. Those working from the medieval to modern periods should pay particular attention to the Manuscript Collection Index, with notable holdings on Middle East manuscripts; Byzantine manuscripts; a Galileo collection; early modern medical casebooks; 16th century Portuguese poetry; medieval and early modern Hebrew manuscripts; manuscripts and proofs by D.H. Lawrence and Charles Dickens; and valuable sources on early Canadiana. The rare book holdings are equally rich. In this area, historians will especially note a 1968 Czechoslovakia collection; a French Revolution collection; a Spanish Civil War collection; a Polish Solidarity collection; and a collection on Australia. Also not to be missed are important Canadian theatre history collections; special collections relating to philosophy (Aristotle, Bacon, Hobbes, Locke, Russell) and the history of philosophy.
The site also gives information on the annual Kenny Prize, for scholarly writing by a Canadian on Marxist, left or labour studies.
Rules for access, registration, photocopying and similar information for visitors are provided. Some images from the collections can be made into postcards, cards and posters which users can order from the site. Navigation is fairly clear and the site has its own search engine.
This annotated bibliography was compiled in 1993 as part of the research for a Master's thesis on Ernest Jones (1819-1869) and the Chartist Movement. Since Jones joined the movement only in 1844, the bibliography does not contain all the Chartism resources pertaining to the movement before that date. However, what it does contain is very well-documented and covers: unpublished manuscript collections; reference and collected works; newspapers and periodicals; primary sources; and secondary sources.
'Utopia Britannica' is a large free online gazetteer that details utopian communities that have existed in the British Isles. The work is said to have arisen from the author's history of the countercultural communes of the 1960s and 70s, but it now covers such communities from 1325 to 1945. The extensive gazetteer is organised by English county and there are also sections for Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Most entries are brief, giving the known name of the colony or commune, the names of leaders, the place, and the dates that the community was active. The author is still actively uncovering such communities, and the website publishes his research articles. One such is 'Ruskinland', which examines the 1890s-1930s Guild of St. George community at Bewdley in Worcestershire, inspired by the writings of John Ruskin. The Utopia Britannica website is accompanied by a 312-page printed book of the same name. The book is said to contain the content of the website, and also scholarly articles, bibliographies, and the memories of commune members.
The Utopian Studies Society (UCS) is an informal scholarly society with an interdisciplinary focus. It aims to "co-ordinate and encourage the diverse work currently taking place on the subject of utopianism". It appears to operate primarily with a European focus in terms of the scholars it attracts. As of May 2007 the UCS has held seven international conferences. Abstracts for five conferences are available on the website, and there are details of how to submit papers for future conferences. The website also contains full details of the Society, including the AGM minutes. There is the opportunity to join an email mailing list, to receive news about the UCS.
This Web page is part of the Info-Russ mailing list run by Alex Kaplan of Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. The list was started in 1991 with just 40 addresses, but has around 1,200 addresses at present (the number is constantly growing). The author's intention is to unite Russian-speaking people as well as those interested in all things Russian. The page deals with Soviet archives collected by Vladimir Bukovsky - a famous Soviet dissident. All documents are in Russian with their titles both in Russian and English. The files are in PDF-format and require Adobe Acrobat Reader. This is a huge collection of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and KGB papers secrectly copied by Bukovsky with a tiny scanner. The full archive space comes up to 200 Mb. The files are subdivided into two major categories: Soviet Communist Party (KPSS) and the USSR, and Soviet Communist Party (KPSS) and the World. Within the first category users can find documents on ideology and politics of KPSS, on terror, suppression of dissidents and perestroika. Within the second category there are documents dealing with relations of the KPSS with the communist and non-communist world, communist terror in the world, Soviet peace propaganda and some aspects of international politics. Bukovsky also provides a chronological list of all documents with section cross-references (in Russian).
Essex Past is the website for the section of the Victoria County History that relates to Essex, providing information about the ten major volumes already published and draft texts for a forthcoming volume. Work on the county of Essex, as on most English counties of this standard reference work, has been sporadic since its beginning in the reign of Queen Victoria and providing texts online is a useful means for researchers to access new information whilst waiting for the hard copy volumes to be published. The involvement of the University of Essex, Essex County Council and the Institute of Historical Research in this essential resource underlines its importance. Information about the volumes and parishes completed to date is provided, with details of how the research is carried out and of collaborative projects. The draft texts for volume XII, covering the north east Essex coast, concentrate on Frinton, Walton on the Naze, Kirby le Soken and Thorpe le Soken. The website has not been updated recently and there is an online appeal for funding.
The website "Victorian Britain" is an online syllabus for a course offered in the Department of History at the University of Durham by Alan Heesom. The site provides: an outline and aims of the course; detailed subsites with bibliographies, definitive quotations, lists of overheads and themes for each lecture; sample examinations; examination feedback from the past few years; tutorial arrangements; comments on textbooks; and Heesom's responses to questionnaires filled out by students who have previously taken the course. Perhaps the most useful content in terms of the information imparted by the course itself are a historical chronology, as well as a list of short biographies of important contemporary historical figures. Also of interest is a short annotated links page, which is under development. All of this information is clearly laid out and the site is easy to navigate. It is aimed at undergraduates taking the course, but could prove useful for other senior academics who could look to the site's structure and content as a model for online syllabi. Although the site has not been refreshed since 2002, it holds valuable resources for students and teachers alike.
The Victorian Dictionary is a website designed and maintained by Lee Jackson. A useful resource for students of social history, the Victorian Dictionary contains a vast amount of material on the period. Subjects included range from clothing and fashions to health and hygiene, markets and finance to death and dying. A relatively new resource, the Victorian Dictionary is growing all the time and open to contributions and suggestions. However, its extensive links pages make it an invaluable resource for those working on the history, art or politics of the Victorian age. A CD of the contents of the website is also available.
This excellent website provides access to the papers of the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science (1857-1886). There is a wealth of information on the National Association and its activities - which included some of the first and more organised attempts to quantify governmental policy and practice, and also the first steps towards female suffrage in the United Kingdom. The easy-to-use Web page has information on the formation, activities, and dissolution of the National Association. What will be of considerably more value to scholars, however, is the online searchable database of the Association's papers. The collection - which is made up of digitised sources from around the United Kingdom - can be searched in a great number of ways (e.g. author's name; word, phrase or title; series; year; document type).
The website "Victorian studies" is the page on the Inscribe, Indiana University Press/Journals for one of the most well known journals for Victorian study in art, literature, social history, politics, economics, law, and philosophy. The journal is published quarterly by the North American Victorian Studies Association. While a subscription is needed for Victorian Studies and all its articles, the table of contents of latest issue is listed with various articles for which abstract can be consulted for free. There is a combination of active electronic and print subscriptions; past electronic or print issues can be purchased online through this site. The website gives more information about the journal in the following sections: title information; abstracting and indexing; editorial details; and submission information.
The Victorian Web provides a comprehensive general overview of nineteenth century British history and literature. The site is divided into sections: on political, social, and economic history; gender matters; philosophy; religion; science; technology; genre and technique; authors; visual arts; and Victorian design. Within each section commentaries present a useful introduction to the topics, abstracts from primary sources, links to other web resources and a bibliography. The Victorian web was created under the direction of George Landow, Professor of English and Art History at Brown University. The site was originally designed as a resource to aid in the teaching of courses in Victorian literature. All the material is in English and is available free of charge.
This website, which forms part of the wider Victorian Web Web pages, provides a massive amount of information on British India in the Victorian era. The website is easy to navigate, being split into several thematic areas (for example, political history, social history, religion, individuals, painting, gender matters and so on). Within each of these broad categories there are links to the various aspects that fall under it. Clicking these links to information on the chosen topic, often-times along with pictures to highly points. Some of these sub-section links will, instead of linking to an essay regarding the topic, link to other sections on the Victorian Web. For example, John Stuart Mill (under the Individuals section) links to the section of the website which deals with Mill, providing information on his works, life and so on. This is an exceptionally well-crafted and useful resource, and it provides a wealth of information.
"Videofact international documentary press" is a commercial venture that is of use to researchers and those with an interest in twentieth century history. The site is in Spanish, English and Polish, but the main content which is of interest, the digitised collection of photographs and video material is only offered in English and Polish. Although it is a commercial site, it features some materials online and details of how to purchase film coverage and copies of documents (available in English translation) from key events in the last century. Of particular interest is the section on the Cold War Project. This includes sections on: top secret intelligence documents; Soviet disinformation; Budapest 1956; Czechoslovakia 1968; and Poland in 1956, 1970, 1981, and under Martial Law. Most sections contain a brief summary and a range of photographs.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Village Records of Chelsworth, Suffolk, 1441-1904' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as Rtf files, tab delimited text files and Pdf files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This dataset is derived from a collection of published and unpublished information collected in preparation for a history of the village. (It contains information concerning named individuals living in Chelsworth up to the present day. Although this data has been preserved, for data protection reasons it is not available to users. This data will be released as and when it is appropriate in the future.) The dataset covers the parish registers of Chelsworth and the neighbouring village of Monks Eleigh, and the census records for the years 1841-1901. Other materials include extensive data from the manor court rolls of Chelsworth, wills, probate inventories and the electoral register.
The Virginia Heritage Project, which is part of the Virtual Library of Virginia, is an online database of archival guides that allows users to search the manuscripts, collections, and archive holdings of several Virginian institutions. The guides in the database provide detailed information about primary source documents held in the collections and archives, and can be searched either by keyword, or by individual institutions. The results of a search provide users with a wealth of information about the contents of papers and collections. Each record lists contact information, access restrictions, publication rights and citation guidance. In addition to this there is also a components list, which provides a detailed breakdown of a collection's content. The first phase of the project has focused particularly on African-American history, and many of the 1600 collections included to date have an additional index of material relating to slavery and African-Americans in general. The archival holdings provide rich coverage of many aspects of American history, literature and political thought from the European settlement of Jamestown in the early seventeenth century, through the American Revolution and American Civil War, to the late twentieth century and events like the Vietnam War and the Gulf War.
Contemporary History is a subsite of the Virtual Library History (Virtual Library Geschichte). The Virtual Library History is in turn part of the Virtual Library (VL), established in 1991 and one of the oldest catalogues of the Web. This particular site focuses on Contemporary German History. The site provides a search engine which brings up reviewed lists of links to outside sites with specialised historical content. In the general Katalog index, users can find links arranged under a great array of thematic headings, from euthanasia, to the Weimar Republic, to Jewish life after 1945. They can also search special, but still general, categories which bring up itemised indexes of links. These are: Deutsche Kaiserzeit (German imperial period); First World War; Third Reich; Holocaust; Second World War; Post War period; sources; didactics; subject portal; exhibitions; E-publications; institutions; and resources. A side menu lists the site's other online partners. Users can register with the Webmaster for further information. The site will serve as a good research aid for academics, postgraduates and undergraduates, although proficiency in German is required to use it.
The main purpose of the Virtual Library Zeitgeschichte (Modern History) is to provide an overview of selected online resources relating to the history of the Third Reich during the Second World War, with a particular emphasis on German language resources. Topics covered include: the Holocaust; resistance; business and politics; and historiography. The language of the site is German. The catalogues of sources is hosted by the Historisches Centrum Hagen. This contributes to the central catalogue for the WWW-Virtual Library network of indexes to historical materials online. It is intended for general public use.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Vital Statistics Time Series, 1749-1982' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). Assessment of world statistics data for demographic estimation. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of crude birth, death and marriage rates for approximately 100 countries.
'Vive la difference!: the English and French stereotype in satirical prints, 1720-1815' is an online exhibition from the Charrington Print Room of the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge, England. The website contains a 4,000 word illustrated essay on the topic, including notes on relevant publishers in London and Paris, and on the techniques used. Large and sharp images are available, with James Gillray especially well represented. The author of the essay appears not to be credited, but elsewhere on the Fitzwilliam website one can download the exhibition booklet in PDF, and this seems to credit the text to Elenor Ling, Documentation Assistant. This PDF also contains a useful reading list on the topic (Adobe Acrobat Reader software is needed to access the PDF).
The website 'Votes for women : selections from the national American woman suffrage association collection 1848-1921' from the Library of Congress consists of 167 full-text items relating to the American women suffrage movement. The material on the site represents a part of the larger National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) collection donated to the Library of Congress by Carrie Chapman Catt, a former NAWSA president. It is possible to carry out free text searches on the material. These searches can be limited to either searching the bibliographic record or the full-text of the document. Other features of the site include a brief bibliography, biographical information on Carrie Chapman Catt and a timeline. This site forms part of the American National Memory Collection and is now archived.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Voting Behaviour in Guildford, 1790-1868' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To ascertain whether social class could be seen as a salient factor underlying voting patterns in Guildford between 1790 and 1868. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of data about electors obtained from poll books, directories, the records of religious bodies and other sources. This information was collated so that an indication was obtained of each individual's socio-economic standing. Where possible, apart form an elector's name, occupation and vote, personal details were added:- age, religion, corporation and/or freemasonry membership, will, servants, rates/rents, landlord/tenants.
The Web Site "Władysław Gomułka online" is an amateur site in Polish devoted to the former First Secretary of the Polish Communist party. Władysław Gomułka was born into a worker's family in Krosno in 1905, where poverty forced him to abandon all but a salutary education. Imprisoned several times, Gomułka became First Secretary of the PPR in Warsaw in 1942, and served as deputy premier until 1949. He was purged and subsequently arrested in 1951 and freed three years later. In 1956 during the "Thaw" following Stalin's death, he became First Secretary until 1970, when he was replaced by Edward Gierek. The site contains much detailed information on Comrade Wiesław and the PRL (Polish People's Republic). It features a range of illustrations and an excellent archive containing transcribed speeches, documentation, and contemporary articles. A useful calendar and dictionary of communism reveals that it can no longer be taken for granted that the vocabulary of communism is as universally known as it was a decade ago, which can only be a good sign.
The website "Wales and the Marches, 1230 CE : Llywelyn Fawr, Prince of Wales, and the execution of William de Braose" focuses on a letter, (original in the Public Record Office MS PRO SC1/11/58), from Llywelyn ab Iorwerth to Stephen de Segrave - the only extant source, otherwise unpublished, illuminating the consequences of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth's execution in May 1230 of William de Braose for adultery with the prince's wife Joan, daughter of King John of England. "This letter offers insights into a number of very obscure aspects of Welsh and English history. It illuminates the troubled and complex relationship between the English crown, marcher barons, and the principalities of Wales; it bears upon the status and role of noble women in medieval Britain; it illustrates the fundamental role that kinship relations played in thirteenth century politics and the importance of the institution of fosterage; and it raises interesting questions about the role of diplomatic correspondence in medieval governance." The website is intended to serve as an illustration for the transcription and analysis of PRO SC1/11/58 which was published in Historical Research in June 2000 by J.J. Crump. As well as the transcription, high-resolution ultraviolet photographs of the letter are also presented, and feedback and discussion on these topics is encouraged. A translation of the letter is provided. The site is part of the Carrie Full-Text Electronic Library, originally a project of the University of Kansas, but now hosted on the servers of the European University Institute in Florence.
Part of the BBC History website, the 'War at Sea: 1914-1918' site focuses on British and German naval power during World War One. Well laid out and attractively illustrated with photos and diagrams, this is a useful study of the naval strength of Britain and Germany and the main sea battles. The first section compares Britain's initial advantage in naval power over Germany in 1914 and discusses the restraint shown on both sides. Further sections cover: the battles of Heligoland Bight, Coronel and the Falklands; the battle of Jutlan;, the U-boat threat; and the Zeebrugge raid. The leadership styles of the two commanders of the British Grand Fleet are compared and there is a final section describing how sea power played an important role in Britain's victory.
The website of the "Washington Report on Middle Eastern Affairs" provides online access to one of the most widely-circulated full-text journals on the Middle East. Established and edited by former diplomatic staff and acadmics, this journal aims to present information on the Middle Eastern conflict as well as conditions in Israel and Palestine to the wider public using a series of reports and journalistic articles. This is an excellent resource that explores the conflict in depth. However, there is no doubt as to which side the Report takes and this needs to be kept in mind when using the site. As educational material for students this needs to be used by a teachers with a balanced view and presented alongside other resources. It is of great use to researchers, interested parties and those with an interest in the region.
The website of the Waterford County Museum introduces this institution, whose main function is preserving, recording and displaying the history of West Waterford, Ireland. On the website you can find exhibitions on 'The Famine', local business history, sports, rebellions, Irish men in 'The Great War', archaeological digs in the town, photographic archives, Waterford pre-history and maritime history. The website contains over 3,000 pages of content on West Waterford local history, and features digitised images of artefacts, online books, and history articles, as well as documents, maps, and memoirs. Audio and video files are also present on the site, with historical documentaries and rare footage related to Waterford or Dungarvan. Visual tours of the monuments in the county are offered. The main page lists the latest articles added to the site and a personality born or active in Waterford. The site is fully searchable, and is well designed for browsing as well, and is an excellent resource for Irish and local historians. The site was awarded Museum Publication Of The Year for Ireland 2002 by the Northern Ireland Museums Council and the Heritage Council Of Ireland.
The Wellington Papers Website is part of the University of Southampton's Special Collections web pages, and hosts a database of descriptions of the Library's collection of the papers of Arthur Wellesley, first Duke of Wellington. Southampton holds around 100,000 items relating to Wellesley, including: the Duke's political; military; official; and diplomatic papers. The library holds: around 15,000 papers covering the period to 1805; approximately 25,000 for the period 1806-18; and around 30,000 each for the periods 1819-32 and 1833-52. The database can be searched in various sections (divided by date) or as a whole, either by a basic or a more advanced keyword search facility. The descriptions are comprehensive and include information such as: title; date; physical description of the item; whether the item is available for research; and notes of any published versions of the item or published works that refer directly to it. The descriptions may be downloaded for research or in-house use, and would be useful to researchers studying the period or the life of the Duke himself. The database homepage (different from the main page) gives some useful background to the archive and the life of the Duke of Wellington, and links to more detailed information on the structure of the database itself. Users have to choose whether they agree to the copyright statement before they can access the database.
Welsh Journals Online provides free access to a growing selection of scholarly journals published in Wales. The titles from the collections of the National Library of Wales and their partners which will be made available range from academic and scientific publications to literary magazines. This work has been funded by the JISC Digitisation Programme and the Welsh Assembly Government. The site may be browsed or searched by subject keyword and is currently in a beta (testing) phase with new material being added. The journals currently available include Welsh language publications from scholarly societies and local history groups: Bwletin Cymdeithas Emynau Cymru (bulletin of the Welsh hymn society); Publications of the South Wales Record Society (single-volume editions of important historical sources); The Pembrokeshire Historian (Journal of the Pembrokeshire Historical Society); Llyfr yng Nghymru / Welsh Book Studies which contains English and Welsh material (Welsh articles include English abstracts); and short-lived literary magazines such as Tir Newydd ('new land') (1935-1939), Y Fflam ('the flame') which promoted the work of writers aligned with Plaid Cymru and radicalism, including R.S. Thomas (1946-1952); Yr Arloeswr ('the pioneer') (1957-1960).
The Welsh Political Archive is housed by the National Library of Wales, and provides a repository for a range of material concerning political activity in Wales throughout the twentieth century. Some of the archive holdings can be searched, the printed material through the catalogue of the National Library of Wales, and some of the archival lists on the ISYS: web system. In addition to this copies of the archive newsletter are on the website. Access is also provided to the text of recent Archive annual lectures, some of which are available in Welsh only. These lectures include: David Jenkins - Sleeping with the Enemy: trades unions in Wales during the Thatcher years'; Lord Crickhowell - The Conservative Party in Wales, 1888-1998; Cynog Dafis - Plaid Cymru and the Greens: flash in the pan or a lesson for the future?; Deirdre Beddoe - Women and Politics in Twentieth Century Wales; Ron Davies - Reflections; Merfyn Jones - The Politics of Lifelong Learning in Wales’; Hywel Williams - ‘Of Princes, Power and Plots: Deciding and Advising in Government’; Dai Smith - ‘Out of the people: a century in labour’; Neal Ascherson - ‘The yes road: a reflection on two devolution campaigns’; Angela John - ‘'Chwarae teg': Welsh men's support for women's suffrage’; John Davies - Plaid Cymru since 1960’; Sir Wyn Roberts - Fifteen years at the Welsh Office; Christopher Harvie - ‘Europe and the Welsh nation’. This website lists the resources held in the archive, which include national and local records for the main political parties active in Wales, the papers of Welsh politicians, including those of David Lloyd George, T.E. Ellis, Samuel T. Evans, Thomas Jones, and J. Herbert Lewis, and the records of organisations, campaigns and pressure groups, such as the Association of Welsh Local Authorities. Also housed in the archive is a collection of leaflets, pamphlets and ephemera, which include election campaign literature and newspaper and periodical articles, and a sound and moving image collection.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Westminster Historical Database, 1749-1820' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a series of Comma separated ASCII text files. This Web page links to further study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The database contains individual-level data on pre-reform electoral behaviour for the Westminster constituency between 1749 and 1820. The right of voting in Westminster constituency lay in adult male rate paying householders, and thousands of them participated in each of the 12 elections between 1749 and 1820. The dataset consists of 23 two-way tables in standard relational format. Of these, 12 are electronic editions of the surviving Westminster Poll Books for the years between 1749 and 1820, enhanced through the addition of supplementary name and occupational codes. A further 9 tables are versions of selected Westminster Parish Rate Books which compliment the Poll Book tables and which, through record linkage, enable a much fuller representation to be made of Westminster's voters, their social standing and political preferences. The remaining two tables contain coding schema for names and occupations respectively. Each poll book record contains data on the surname and forename of the voter, his parish and street of residence, his occupation, his vote, and additional name and occupational codes. Each rate book record consists of the surname and forename of the householder, together with the parish, ward and street within which the property lay, its rack rental assessment, and additional name and occupational codes.
"The Williamite Universe" website provides an online meeting-place for scholars across the world who are interested in the life of William III the Stadhouder-King, and in his times and milieu. It is intended primarily for historians, but will also be of interest to those working in related disciplines. The site is the home of a network for academics, researchers and postgraduate students, and includes a list of those who are already members. The network is free to join. The site also includes programmes of conferences organised by the network, and makes the concluding remarks from these conferences available in full. The site also has a noticeboard, giving details of other relevant events. In addition, this website provides some basic resources for scholars, including: a list of recent publications in the field; a running bibliography providing an overview of the available literature; a small picture gallery; and a list of links to relevant websites. The Williamite Universe Network is likely to be of most interest and value to postgraduate students and researchers with an interest in William III and in the period more generally.
This website is devoted to the Second World War leader Winston Churchill. The site features 'A Day by Day Account of the Life of Winston Churchill'; Proceedings of the International Churchill Societies; transcriptions of Churchill's speeches; and information about the Centre itself.Of most interest to scholars, however, is the journal of the Churchill Centre - The Finest Hour. The journal will appeal to both an academic and lay audience, and includes reminiscences, book reviews, military history, polemic and article-length studies of aspects of Churchill's career. With a fully searchable archive, this is a useful resource for historians of WWII.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Wisconsin Political, Social and Economic Data by Counties, 1886-1976' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To collect political, economic and social data for each of the seventy-two counties of the American state of Wisconsin relating to different times between 1886 and 1976 inclusive. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
The website "Women and Books : From the Sixteenth Century to the Suffragettes" has been adapted from an exhibition of the same title at the University of Glasgow. It features sections on: books written, translated, and compiled by women; books for, and about women; books owned, illustrated, or published by women; and books on women's education. This exhibition and website reminds us that women, although rarely prominent in the earlier period of publishing as authors, still had a role to play as: dedicatees; patrons; collectors; or readers of books. The books that were on display are accompanied by a paragraph of commentary and full bibliographical detail, with some excellent images of folios. There is also an interesting section on suffragette literature. This virtual exhibition would be of interest to those studying the history of the book, or involved in gender studies.
The Women's History section of the WWW Virtual Library, part of the WWW VL History Network, is maintained by the Netherlands Economic History Archive in Amsterdam. It contains links to organizations, archives, libraries, museums, research institutions and resources around the world on the history of women and gender - including a list of women's studies journals. As well as browsing the links by category and in alphabetical order, it is also possible to search the collection of links, and using the same search engine you can interrogate other resources hosted by the International Institute of Social History, (including: Labour History; Labour History News; Labour History Journals; Economic and Business History; LabNet; Asian Labour; Dutch Company Archives; Digital Social History; Alternative Germany; Russian Archives; Communist Posters; and Art to the People). Although this resource is presented in HTML only, the links collected here can be viewed using a Lynx Text Browser, accessible via the History Network's Central Catalogue. The collection is kept up-to-date, and statements such as "New", "Updated" and "Lost" identify recent changes.
Women's Studies in Communication is the full-text online archive of an academic journal, offering issues dating from 1977 to 1991 alongside subscription information for current print issues. The journal is edited from Colorado State University, and is published by the U.S. Organization for Research on Women and Communication. At June 2009 some links on the back-issues index have been poorly typed and are broken, but most will work. Visitors are offered only the surname of the author as a link, and cannot know the topic or title of the article. Articles may be freely downloaded in PDF format. Example article titles include: 'What aught to distinguish feminist scholarship in communication studies?'; 'On being sufficiently radical in gender research: some lessons from critical theory'; and 'The impact of communication and persuader gender on persuasive message selection', among others. This may be an interesting archive for historians examining U.S. feminist concerns in academic research during late second-wave feminism.
The website "Working Class Movement Library" introduces this librarys, which is based in Salford, and is a repository for a large collection of books, periodicals, pamphlets, and archive material relating to the labour movement in Britain, and a few other countries, from the late eighteenth century onwards. On the site users can find information on visiting the library, as well as access on online OPAC library catalogue to search the libraries holdings. The website also provides a large range of guidance articles to various collections, including the archives of the GMB, the Journeymen Brushmakers, the National Union of Tailors and Garment Workers, and the Thomas Paine collection. This section also contains biographies of notable individuals like Ewan MacColl and James Connolly. "Our collection" provides an overview of the holdings by categories: working lives; trade unions; protests, politics and campaigning for change; creativity and culture; activitsts; international; and family history. The activists section contains biographies of notable individuals like Ewan MacColl and James Connolly. This is a valuable resource for those interested in labour and working class history in Britain and elsewhere.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Working Members of the British House of Commons : England, 1691-1693' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a SPSS portable file or a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. To study the social and economic composition of Parliament (1691-1693) and the political behaviour of the men who sat in it. Main Topics include: Details of attendance at sessions and parliaments, constituency type and size, and political party of respondent. Number of: second reading committee nominations, committees of investigation nominations, tellerships, speeches, areas of service (data were collected for 1st and 2nd sessions).
The World History Archives is a general collection of over 9000 online primary historical sources. This site is the branch site devoted to the history of Eastern Europe, specifically Poland; Latvia; Hungary; Russia; Belarus; the Ukraine; and Georgia. Documents on this subsite are drawn from contemporary news sources from the 1990s. Their inclusion in a historical collection is problematic for academic researchers. While the compiler argues at length elsewhere on his site for the use of contemporary sources in the general range of modern history, he does not provide these documents in juxtaposition with older selections. Even following the compiler's own definitions, these documents cannot properly be said to constitute a historical collection. The compiler posts several disclaimers regarding content and copyright. Nonetheless, his own choices produce an underlying quality to this subsite which is additionally difficult. The compilation does not provide sets of documents representing different views of particular politically charged issues. Rather, they offer one perspective on one theme, with no option for immediate comparison with documents representing alternative viewpoints. Only English sources are included.The collection relies heavily upon the contemporary media, and it consequently reflects their standard foci. The compiler does not mark the political persuasions of his sources. Thus, this subsite never transcends the preoccupations and predispositions of its immediate source matter. The Eastern European collection is limited to the mid-1990s, providing an encapsulated image of Eastern Europe during a period of transition. The picture which emerges of the region is uniformly dismal, with documents cataloguing an array of contemporary social and political ills in the region. These ills include: racism and discrimination -- including Antisemitism, anti-Roma sentiments, gay and lesbian oppression, and discrimination against indigenous peoples; child prostitution and poverty; great power policy in the region, especially security issues; left wing party politics; environmental crises; human rights violations; economic problems and the introduction of American-style capitalism; sexual harassment; banditry and organised crime; and labour problems. The site could be used as a teaching resource with the caution that it be used in conjunction with broader-based resources.
"World history archives: history of southern Europe in general" is part of the website World History Archives. The site has an overall policy of placing a focus on working class and social history, concentrating on contemporary history. It comprises an annotated collection of rather random articles, links to websites, and essays. The author elaborates on his opinions on methodology and historiography elsewhere on the site. The point of the site is that whether one agrees with his perspective or not, the user may well find information of use to them here, such as contemporary newspaper articles. It defines southern Europe as the following areas: Italy; Spain; Vatican City; Spain, Portugal; the Basque region; Albania; Yugoslavia; Serbia; Bosnia-Herzegovina; Croatia; Bulgaria; Romania; Greece; and Cyprus. Coverage varies from region to region.
Created by Haines Brown of Hartford Web Publishing, 'World history archives: the history of Central America' is a 'pro bono' website which provides access to a searchable database of online documents regarding Central American history. (Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama) Published with the intention of providing documents for learning about history from a "working class and non-Eurocentric perspective", this resource is accessible through a hierarchy of categories which enable easy access to material regarding specific subjects. Part of a larger website concerning 'World history', the subject coverage of Latin America is patchy, with the website containing considerable material in some areas, but lacking any documents relevant to others. However, this is nonetheless a useful resource, with full-text documents concerning both modern and ancient issues. With both articles and primary source material, this database is worth consulting for any teacher or researcher of Central America.
This website aims to provide an overview of the international history of democracy, and includes a time-line of democracy and some articles reflecting on the ideal and practice of government in this fashion. The Web page has been compiled by Steve Muhlberger, who teaches history at Nipissing University in Canada, and is of a very high standard throughout. The website is very easy to navigate and also provides useful bibliography and internet reference sections.
This detailed website, on the history of the First World War, from Yale University Libraries and Collections, provides access to a wealth of resources and information on World War One. The website is attractively designed and simple to navigate: it is split into several broad categories (including, but not limited to, economics, gender and the war, empires and the war, and so on). Each of these subject areas provides a list of 'topics to consider' and, more importantly, a list of appropriate secondary material on the subject. This website will prove to be useful for early stage undergraduates or college level-work, but may be less well suited to more advanced study.
The World Universities Network (WUN): Medieval Studies website is part of the WUN's ongoing efforts to promote international collaboration in research and teaching among its member institutions. The Medieval Studies group is an inter-disciplinary group that looks primarily at the themes: 'The Medieval Garden'; 'Multilingualism'; 'The Medieval Book'; and 'Emergence of the State'. These themes represent current research projects being undertaken by WUN members, such as 'The Online Froissart' (at the University of Sheffield); 'Multilingualism in the Middle Ages' (a collaboration between the Universities of: Bristol; Leeds; Utrecht; and Oslo among others); and 'The Digital Medieval Garden' (University of Bristol and Pennsylvania State University among others). The site provides: an overview of the WUN Medieval Studies group; details of the group's membership; links to the websites of the various projects; details of related events worldwide; and some online resources (mainly minutes of project meetings, project updates etc.). The site would be of use to researchers or scholars working in the group's areas of interest, as a tool for the exchange of ideas and information on these topics.
The website Ymgyrchu! presents a history of social and political campaigning in Wales throughout the twentieth century. Published by the National Library of Wales it uses a range of digitised resources, including documents, photographs, audio, and video files, which have been sourced from Library collections, including the Welsh Political Archive. The content can be accessed through the timeline, by searching the site, or by a thematic approach. There are six themes, the Ballot Box, Labour Struggles, War and Peace, Devolution, the Welsh Language, and the Water Industry. These cover political themes like General and By-elections, women's suffrage, and the main political parties with a presence in Wales, labour history such as the Penrhyn Quarry Strikes, the General Strike of 1926, and the Miner's strikes throughout the 1970s and 1980s, Welsh involvement in the First and Second World Wars, the Spanish Civil War, and in CND and pacifist organisations. In addition to this there are also resources on disestablishment and devolution, Welsh language and education, and local campaigns such as those in Clywedog and Tryweryn. Also available on the site are educational notes, suggesting how the content could be tied in with the National Curriculum, and a bibliography.
'Yokohama Boomtown : foreigners in treaty-port Japan, 1859-1872' is an online exhibition, published by MIT in 2005 in collaboration with the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery at the Smithsonian, and part of the Institute's 'Visualising Cultures' initiative. The exhibition focuses on the visual representations that provided a "window on the imagined life of foreigners in Japan at the dawn of the modern era". The core exhibit is an extensive and profusely illustrated essay by John W. Dower, which has the same title as the website. Also available is a large online gallery "Boomtown, the story: the new treaty port", and a gallery 'Sadahide The Observer: Yokohama Harbour', which follows "the birth and growth of the treaty-port city through the eyes of this artist who was on the scene at the time". There is a Flash Shockwave presentation that shows the 35 steps involved in the making of a woodblock print. There is a full database of images, searchable by keyword, title and medium.
Zeithistorische Forschungen (Studies in Contemporary History) is a semi-monthly, peer reviewed journal affiliated with Zeitgeschichte-online, a Web portal and essays platform. The editors proclaim that the journal is devoted to a reappraisal of European History and society in light of the fall of the Nazi and Soviet régimes. There is an attempt here to juxtapose these dictatorships and other legacies of the twentieth century - namely, the processes of globalisation and European integration. That said, any contextualisation appears to be carefully handled by the editors, and the main focus of the journal is the period 1945 to 1990. The site features tables of contents; full-text articles; and archives of back issues running back to 2004. Articles are published mainly in German, but also in English; some contributions are illustrated. The site will be informative for academics studying the culture, society and politics of 20th and 21st century Germany within the larger contexts of European and world history. The site has its own search engine and also provides advisory information on submissions. Some parts of the site require user registration.
Zeitschrift für Ostmitteleuropa-Forschung (Journal for Research on East Central Europe) is a journal published by the Herder Institute in Marburg. From 1952 to 1994 it was originally entitled 'Zeitschrift für Ostforschung' (Journal for Research on the East). The journal has a long-standing focus on political, constitutional, legal and national history of Central Europe in the modern period, with references to social history only in relation to these predominant topics. The site has an excellent database, allowing the user to search for articles according to author, general subject and key words, although the interface is only available in German; tables of contents are provided running back to 1952. Full versions of text, however, are available exclusively for the book reviews, some of which are also published online in the "Sehepunkte" online journal. The site also provides information on the editorial board, submissions and subscriptions.
'Zines 60s-00s' is a free online archive of magazine covers. The magazines are anarchist, counterculture, and punk or post-punk publications from the British Isles. The examples shown included the anarchist Class War newspaper (1984-87); OZ magazine (1967-73); and a selection of punk and post punk fanzines (1980-1986). Although the galleries have not been added to since 2007, the author suggests that further cover scans may be added in the future, such as "Rave mags (1990-2003)". Thumbnail galleries lead to large scans of the covers, and there are also limited annotations giving the publication history, dates and contents of each magazine.
This website describes the archives and special collections at held at Keele University. Established in the 1950s, the collections now encompass significant amounts of material, with a particular focus on the cultural, social and industrial history of the Potteries in Staffordshire. Collections range from the personal papers of important national figures (with local connections) such as Josiah Wedgwood and Arnold Bennett, through material of more localised interest, the archives of manufacturing companies, the archives of the Manorial court of tamworth, and papers of aristocratic families such as the Pagets and Sneyds. The website gives the background of each collection together with access arrangements.
This short Web page describes research project applying postcolonial theory to " a deeply divided" contemporary European society. The project has received AHRC-funding to develop and formalise a network around existing research contacts across Europe, bringing together scholars concerned with issues around displacement, migration and a "continually revisited" colonial past.
This website lists the special collections held at the University of Kent, Templeman Library. Of particular interest are important collections relating to: the theatre (books, play texts, playbills, programmes); wind and watermills (photographs and archives); Early printed books; Renaissance literature; ballads and songs; the history of science; local history; political history (papers from former speaker of the House of Commons Bruce Bernard Weatherill) and Charles Dickens. As well as detailed descriptions and links to resources related to the collections, the website also includes access information.
This website describes the special collections and archives held at the University of Liverpool Library. These are wide ranging, resulting from a large number of bequests and donations to the library and range from local history to manuscript studies. Collections of note include archives of politician David Owen and social reformer and women’s rights campaigner Josephine Butler, medieval manuscripts and collections of early printed books (incunabula), a collection of private press publications and collections of science fiction and modern literary manuscripts. Most collections are listed in (and can be searched via) the university library catalogue, and the website provides details of accessing them in person.