This website was created to mark the 500th anniversary of printing in Scotland. One of Scotland's oldest surviving industries, the first royal licence for printing in Scotland was granted on 15 September 1507, by James IV of Scotland to Walter Chepman, an Edinburgh merchant, and his business partner Androw Myllar, a bookseller. The website states that "the first printed book from this press with a definite date was a vernacular poem by John Lydgate 'The Complaint of the Black Knight' which was printed on 4 April 1508 on the press they had set up, near what is now Edinburgh's Cowgate". To mark this unique quincentenary, the Scottish Printing Archival Trust, the National Library of Scotland, and the Scottish Print Employers Federation have set up a programme of activities and events throughout the year and into 2009 as well, which are recorded on the website. The website also highlights Scotland's printed heritage in all its forms with links to the websites of related archives and exhibitions.
'Action: the sevenpenny nightmare' is a website that contains the story of the rise and fall of one of the most notorious British comics of the 1970s, 'Action' (later Battle Action). The comic was the trigger in 1976 for a significant moral panic about children and violent media, a few years before the similar panic about 'video nasties' around 1980. The fan-made website contains several long essays on the media coverage, the comic itself, and examples from the comic. The website also contains "an overview of the 36 unadulterated issues" printed during the run of the original Action, and a guide to characters and to the magazine staff. This will be a useful website for historians investigating moral panics and politics in the UK of the late 1970s. The website is edited by Moose Harris, member of the well-known band New Model Army.
'Animation Studies' is an open peer-reviewed ejournal published by the Society for Animation Studies, and is a journal of animation history and theory. At January 2009, three issues are freely available online, with full-text articles in PDF or HTML format. The Journal includes the society’s annual conference proceedings. Example article titles include: 'Exploring Representations of Disability within British Mainstream Animation'; 'TV 2.0: Animation Readership/Authorship on the Internet'; and 'Breaking Boundaries: The Representation of Split Identity in Anime', among others. Articles are presented in either PDF or HTML form. Articles are offered under a Creative Commons licence. The website has full details of the Editors, Editorial Board, and the submissions process.
This is the main page of ANNO - AustriaN Newspapers Online, the Austrian National Library's new virtual newspaper reading room and a portal to historical journals, periodicals and newspapers published in the Habsburg Monarchy and Austria. The site enjoys the cooperation of the Austrian Parliamentary Library in providing historical journalistic sources online. Some 1.2 million pages of newspapers from 1780 to the present have already been posted online. This excellent project, of great service to researchers and historians of East Central Europe, also contributes to the conservation of the original documents.
There is a latest news page which allows site visitors to check which sources have recently been added and to what extent. At present, there is no sign of the main Viennese paper, the Neue Freie Presse, in the projected list. For those interested, it is worth checking this site frequently as it is currently under rapid construction. Some plug-ins are required to read the sources, but links for downloads are available on the site. Navigation of the site and of the online sources is simple and scanning quality of the newspapers is very good.
ANNO is a major project of the Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek (Austrian National Library) in association with a consortium of other Austrian collections. It provides free access to a growing collection of online newspapers published in Austria from the 17th-20th Centuries. These constitute a valuable source of material on Austrian economic, social and political history during this period as well as Austrian comment on world events including those relating to the political system and elections in Austria, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Habsburgs and Austrian involvement in the First World War . Titles include: Die Neue Zeitung 1907 - 1934; Die Hausfrau : Organ für die gesammten Frauen- Interessen sowie für die Interessen der Mitglieder des Ersten Wiener Consum-Verein (1877-1884). Copyright and technical information is provided on the website. All information is offered in German only.
This website consists of a searchable database containing nearly 20,000 attributions of authorship to articles, letters, poems, and other items printed in the Gentleman's Magazine between 1731 and 1856. The database is based on James M. Kuist's 'The Nichol's File of the Gentleman's Magazine', which was originally published in 1982. The electronic version also includes additions and corrections made since that date. The site allows browse searching by date or contributor, as well as key-word searches. Results are displayed in lists by volume and page, with search-words highlighted in red, making it fairly quick to locate relevant information. Each result gives the title, author and type of contribution. The site also gives the pseudonyms and initials used by contributors.The site is presented in a functional manner and is simple to use, although it is advised that users click the small 'search Kuist and both supplements together' button at the bottom of the main screen rather than the more obvious title bar, so as not to miss out on material.
This is the official public website for the British Broadcasting Corporation archives. It offers small... "themed collections of radio and TV programmes, documents and photographs" from the BBC archives. Launched in 2009, this free website currently offers 21 collections, including: The outbreak of the Second World War; George Orwell at the BBC; Looking back to the Apollo lunar missions; Margaret Thatcher's journey from Finchley to Downing Street; and Personal accounts of the Holocaust, among others. Collections usually have around 30 items in each. Broadcasts are presenting using Flash video, and each is accompanied by a short written synopsis. Also available on the website are video interviews with the BBC archivists, including heads of the BBC Written Archives, Sound Archives, Photographic Library, and Television Archive. Videos are only available to view if one has an IP address located within the British Isles, apparently due to copyright issues. Overseas users should use a simple proxy to access the website, as they do to access the BBC iPlayer.
The website The BBC Story: the history of BBC. From Marconi to MP3 tells the history of the BBC. A very simple to navigate, but interesting site, there are a number of sections - each pertaining to a decade of the BBC, from the 1920s to the present. Each period is introduced by a short essay that outlines the acheivements of the BBC and its innovations. The site contains representative highlights from radio and television from each decade. For example, the 20s feature a Real Audio piece about the the end of the General Strike; the 40s is represented by Muffin the Mule, It's That Man Again, and VE Day; the 90s by Terry Waite and Mikhail Gorbachev and video clips from Men Behaving Badly.The site obviously requires audio and video pluggins. A text-only version is also available.
"The Berlin Wall" from the Newsmuseum is a small, interactive, online exhibition, offering an exploration of the differences in media freedom in East and West Berlin during the Communist era. The Newseum, is an interactive museum of news, formerly located as part of the Freedom Forum in Arlington, US. (The city was divided into four occupation zones in 1945, the East and West governed separately from 1949. The East German government commenced construction of the 27-mile long wall that divided the city of Berlin, its population, and services like the media). "The Berlin Wall" exhibition is noticeably biased towards a traditional US view of the fall of Communism, and specifically the 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall. Gene Mater, a veteran American newsman has written an essay on the topic. (Mater helped to establish a free press in Germany after World War II. In the late 1940s and 1950s he worked for several newspapers and became news director of Radio Free Europe in Munich in 1959).With interpretation from a teacher, this online exhibition will contribute towards an in-depth analysis of the history of the Berlin Wall for GCSE and Advanced Level students, in particular for the study of journalism and media in history.
The website "British Military History Collections, 1801-1945" is published by the British Library, and is an introduction to the newspaper holdings the Library has that are related to British military history, 1801-1945. On the main part of the site there is an introductory essay on the history of the war correspondent and the reporting of wars in newspapers. Following this there are three further sections, the first of which looks at the scope of the British Library's holdings in this area, highlighting the most important publications available. The second provides an article on how to use military records when researching family history, and the third provides a list of other organisations and resources for those engaged in the research of British military history.
The British Library has photographed millions of pages from 49 regional and national British newspapers from the 19th century. The search facility and some interesting presentations relating to key topics in British history are freely available to all. The topics presented range from the British Empire and the Indian Mutiny, Chartism, slavery, and the Whitechapel murders. Some writers are also profiled including: William Cobbett, Leigh Hunt, Edward Lloyd, John Morley, James O'Brien, Charles Parnell, George William MacArthur Reynolds and William Stead. If you are a member of a UK HE or FE institution you will be able to access the full-text, fully searchable digital archive through your local provider - e.g. your college library. Otherwise articles are available to purchase. The papers originate from England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, and have been selected by an editorial board to provide a broad yet detailed view of life in Victorian Britain. The papers include include the Examiner, the Pall Mall Gazette, the Chartist, the Western Mail, the Illustrated Police News, and many others. The website also provides a Bibliography: 19th Century British Library Newspapers, as well as guides to researching historical newspapers and periodicals. This is part of work done in partnership with the JISC Digitisation Programme to provide free access to newspapers from 1620-1900. Elsewhere in the British Library website you can access the 17th and 18th Century Burney Collection Database.
The British Pathe website is described as the world's first digital news archive, and offers a database of the entire 3500 hours of the British Pathe Film Archive, comprising nearly half a million records relating to film footage from newsreels and cinemagazines produced between 1896 and 1970. The site also includes sample colour pictorials, available in RealAudio format. The material covers topics including: British news; sport; nature; entertainment; British culture; and social history. There is an online search function which produces annotated lists of available files. Those wishing to get a general idea of the scope of the archive may find the Lucky Dip function (which previews twenty items selected at random from the collection) useful. Users of the site can preview items for free, license high resolution copies, or purchase still images.
The British Periodicals database is a subscription resource published by ProQuest / Chadwyck-Healey featuring the digitised texts of over 400 historic British periodicals, spanning the period from the 1680s to the 1930s. Many of the journals have been edited at times by significant writers, including Charles Dickens, Daniel Defoe, Henry Fielding, Samuel Johnson, Walter Bagehot, and Aubrey Beardsley. The rich metadata relating to each article, plus an efficient keyword searching mechanism, makes this database an extremely useful resource for uncovering many aspects of British social, political, religious, literary, or artistic history. The images of the primary texts are displayed clearly, with keywords highlighted. There is also a useful index of the selected journals themselves, with details about their editors and popular topics. A personalisation service is offered enabling users to store searches.
British Periodicals at Minnesota is a site created by an academic at the University of Minnesota's English Department to highlight the relatively strong collection of nineteenth century periodicals at the university. Many of the periodicals were published in Britain between 1801-1850 and some were published before the nineteenth century and continued to be published after 1800. The periodicals are available at the library of the University of Minnesota and specific location details are available through an online catalogue. The list detailing the periodicals on the site divides them by period and also alphabetically by title. References are given to provide further background information on the significance and content of these periodicals.
The "By popular demand: 'votes for women' suffrage pictures, 1850-1920" website, from the Library of Congress, provides access to thirty-eight pictures relating to the women's suffrage movement in the United States between 1850 and 1920. The online collection includes cartoons commenting on the movement, as well as photographs of prominent figures in the movement, and of parades and pickets. The site includes background information to the collection and a short bibliography. This site has been created as a partner site to the 'Votes for Women:' Selections from the National American Woman Suffrage Collection, 1848-1920 website, also from the Library of Congress.
The Cartoon in Wartime Propaganda is a May 2006 online exhibition from King's College, London. It covers the role of cartoon illustrations during wartime, with the main focus being on the British experience from 1700 until 1945. There are about 50 images and accompanying scholarly texts. Images are clear and of a reasonable size, but a few are watermarked to inhibit piracy. The website is divided into the following sections: Types & Techniques; Recruitment; Morale; Counter propaganda; and Allied relations. There is no bibliography, and no list of suggestions for further reading.
The Celtic Twilight: Legends of Camelot website is authored and published by an enthusiast of Arthurian legend, and the content requires a discerning eye. Despite numerous advertisements for books, the site offers an interesting collection of resources looking at both the historical facts and the creation of the legend of Camelot and King Arthur. Of most interest to those studying fifth and sixth-century Britain is the collection of transcribed primary sources, which includes the Annales Cambriae and Gildas' De Excidio Brittaniae et Conquestu. There is also a glossary of events and names connected to Arthur, and background information. The remaining content focuses on the creation of the myth of Arthur and Camelot, examining depictions in: art; film; comics; and literature.
The "Channel 4 Film reviews" website presents the opinions of leading historians such as Saul David, Gordon Corrigan, Ian Knight and Professor Blair Worden on the portrayal of historical events in films. The Charge of the Light Brigade (1968), Waterloo (1970), Zulu Dawn (1979) and Cromwell (1970), among others, are all discussed in the light of accuracy of portrayal, characterisation, condensation of chronology, and how far the bounds of artistic licence can be feasibly stretched. Worden's review of Cromwell is particularly excellent. There are many more films deserving of this treatment and it is to be hoped that Channel 4 will continue this series. It is an excellent site for both historians and the general public, and is an excellent teaching aid.
CHARM Proceedings contains the full-text conference proceedings of a major U.S. biennial conference on historical analysis and research in the history of marketing (CHARM). Proceedings from 1983 to 2009 are freely available online, and the archive contains around 750 PDF articles in total. The articles are rather awkwardly linked by surname only - one must first consult an annual PDF file giving the contents, then backtrack to find the linked surname of the author of the desired article. There are also a tiny minority of articles which are available as abstracts only, but these are not marked as such. Articles are mostly 'hard' scans of paper originals, and so do not contain OCR text which can be copied and pasted. Despite these drawbacks, this resource offers a wealth of full-text papers on the history of marketing. Articles of interest to British historians include: 'A case study of marketing Britain's moral cause to the women of neutral America, 1939-1941'; 'The British Advertising Industry at War, 1939-1945'; 'Regulating the 'soulless combines' of British inter-war retailing'; among a great many others. Despite the lack of OCR, Google has successfully indexed the papers in full-text form - presumably by applying its own OCR while caching - and thus all the articles may be easily searched by keyword using the Google "site:" search modifier. CHARM Proceedings will be a valuable resource for anyone interested in the history of marketing and the retail trade in the English-speaking nations during the 20th century.
The Chronology of Animation website, part of 'Richard's Animated Divots', provides a guide to key dates in the history of animation from 1824 to the present day. The time-line includes entries for animated films, television series, and short cartoons as well as for important people, studios, and events. Each entry for an animated film includes its title, studio and country of production, type of animation, and artist(s). The main focus is on animation created for artistic/entertainment purposes, although there is also some coverage of animation created for education or advertising. The site generally does not cover animation techniques used to create special effects in live action cinema or television. The information is presented in a clear and easily readable table, with links in the bottom frame to other dates and the other resources of this chronology. The site is designed to be browsed, but can also be searched by specific film, studio or animation personnel. A bibliography of animation and an annotated list of links to related websites are also included.
'Cinema and film industry in Weimar Republic, 1918-1933' is a 14,000-word extract from an unpublished thesis undertaken by Secil Deren at the Middle East Technical University, Ankara in 1997. The text outlines the Expressionist Period through an examination of 'Das Kabinett Des Dr. Caligari' and the films that Caligari influenced, including 'Metropolis.' The text then outlines: the 'Stabilization Period After the Dawes Plan'; 'Montage Documentaries and Walter Ruttmann'; 'Cinema as a Means of Political Propaganda'; and 'Cinema Industry and the Left-Wing Intelligentsia'. Students will find the analysis here of the intrusion of political and economic matters into cultural life in the Weimar period to be an interesting starting point for further study. There is a bibliography.
The website 'Comic Art at Princeton University' is an online exhibition that ooks at the Princeton University Library Cartoon Collection. It is divided into sections on political cartoons, caricature, comic strips, animation, and magazine gag cartoons, with special sections for the cartoonists Henry Martin (a cartoonist for the New Yorker who also curated this exhibition), William Hogarth, George Cruikshank, Thomas Rowlandson, James Gillray and Thomas Nast. Enlargeable images are provided as examples for each section, with textual information. The website has an introduction to the online collection and more general information about comic artwork held by Princeton University.
The Comic Book Legal Defense Fund (CBLDF) is a non-profit organisation that aims to defend and protect the comic industry's legal rights under the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution ("Congress shall make no law ... abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press"). The CBLDF website offers feature articles and a current news service. The 'Resources' section has a useful "Censorship of Comics Bibliography", organised by decade and covering the 1900s to the 1990s. Items in the 1980s and 1990s sections of this bibliography are annotated. The website also offers an essay titled "Brief History of Comics Censorship", which covers the United States only, a visual timeline, and a small number of case files on legal cases in the United States during the 1990s. There are short biographies of the CBLDF Board of Directors and staff.
Compact Memory is an online archive of German-Jewish periodica from the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. A side index allows easy navigation through about two dozen journals which are listed alphabetically. Each journal has its own subsite with a useful editorial history and links to scanned online copies. This is truly a valuable online resource for historians of German-Jewish culture and society, with famous titles such as Ost und West (East and West), Der Orient, Die Welt (The World) and the Jüdische Rundschau (Jewish Circular), among many others, which have been made readily available. The site has its own search engine which allows simple or complex searches of all journals and which will bring up all articles on a given topic. Information on this outstanding and complex academic project and its various contributors is posted. There is also an online help function for site visitors.
Launched in March 2009 at Tate Modern in London, 'Computer Baroque' is an online archival collection of exemplary and innovative short films, all made using computer animation between 1982 and 1995. 15 short films from this period are freely available to view on the website, and are presented using Flash video. Films are accompanied by substantial curatorial notes by curator Richard Wright. The collection aims to represent a period... "in which computer animation was the focus for audacious and exuberant experiments across all areas of new media, art and technology". A short essay on the exhibition, 'Computer Baroque: Computer animation 1982–1995 by Richard Wright', can be found in the right-hand sidebar or by clicking Writings / Essays on the sidebar of the Animate Projects website. This website is an interesting and stimulating insight into the early years of the creative use of computer animation.
Computer Gaming World museum is a free online archive of the first 100 issues of Computer Gaming World (CGW) magazine, from November 1981 until November 1992. GGW was a highly-regarded magazine, and this website archive will be useful for scholars interested in the early history of personal computer games. Magazines are presented individually as full-text searchable PDF files. In total, the online issues are said to contain 34 million words. An index is available for download, inside a standard Windows ZIP file. The website also has large images of the front covers of CGW issues from 1993 until 2006. There is an interview with CGW's original art director.
The is the English-language website of the Berlin Computer Games Museum (Computerspiele Museum, run by the Forderverein fur Jugend und Sozialarbeit e.V.). The Museum has staged a number of temporary exhibitions since 2006, and in April 2009 it announced funding for a new permanent Computer Game Museum to be housed in Berlin. The Museum's website is in both English and German, with the English version offering online exhibitions such as the sophisticated 'History of Online Games' subsite (2009, requires Flash) and an 'Online Expo of Gaming Machines'. There are also details of the Museum, its directing body and partners. The site updates occasionally with news, and there is also a free email newsletter. The 'History of Online Games' timeline exhibition may be especially useful for students researching the history of videogames.
The Concise History of the British Newspaper, a website by the British Library, details more than 200 key dates in the history of British newspaper publishing and the newspaper industry. The site is illustrated with images from the British Library's newspaper collections, and entries range from the publication in Amsterdam on 2nd December 1620 of the first coranto in the English language, to recent events such as the launch on 16th March 1999 of Metro, a daily newspaper distributed free to travellers on the London Underground. The site can be browsed by century or searched by keyword, and is intended as a standard reference point for students and academics researching newspaper publishing and printing history.
'Cultural industries: the British experience in international perspective' is a free ebook that contains the full-text proceedings of a 2006 conference of the same name held at the Centre for British Studies, Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin. This 233-page 75,000-word book is available online in standard PDF format. The book contains chapters on: "The Creative Industries: Definitions, Quantification and Practice"; "Methodology and Ideology in the Evaluation of Cultural Investments"; "The Question of Quality in a Comparison of British and German Theatre"; "The Creative Industries and Cultural Politics in Britain from the 1960s to Cool Britannia"; and "From Gentlemanly Publishing to Conglomerates: The Contemporary Literary Field in the UK", among others. There is no index. There is a list of contributors at the end of the book, including email contact addresses.
Delia Derbyshire was a British pioneer of electronic music, most notable for her work for the BBC Radiophonic Workshop, and the co-authoring of the famous Doctor Who theme with Ron Grainer. This official 2008 website contains a wealth of information about Derbyshire's life and music. There is a short biography, a history of Unit Delta Plus, details of album and track re-releases, a discography, and eight music clips with annotation. This website provides a useful and authorised introduction to an important figure in the evolution of 20th century British music.
This is the website of Democracy at War: Canadian Newspapers and the Second World War. The site contains electronic versions of 144,000 newspaper clippings from the period of World War II. The site is divided into a number of areas. An introduction called "Information, Propaganda, Censorship and Newspapers: The Hamilton Spectator and Its Archive" outlines the role of Canadian newspapers during the war. There are also other sections specialising in reports on military operations and the Holocaust. The database is fully searchable and very fast loading. This site was nominated in the competition for Best Museum Research Site in 'Museums and the Web 2004 : Best of the Web'.
Digital Comic Museum is a very large website archive of U.S. comic books known to be in the public domain. As such, it includes a wealth of high-quality scans of vintage ("Golden Age", in the terminology of comic book collectors) comics, freely available for reading. Most comics are from the 1940s and 1950s. Some newspaper comic strips are also included. Files are in the standard CBR (Comic Book Reader) format, for which Comical is possibly the best free viewer. Free registration is required to download the comics, but not to search the website. The Digital Comic Museum will be a valuable resource for those researching the history of comics in the U.S., as well as for those interested in the dynamic hand-made typography of the medium, the depiction of stereotypes during the 20th century, and the ways that the standards and politics of the time were presented to children. Adverts in the comics may also be of interest to those researching the history of advertising or the history of toys.
This website forms a digital archives of political poster art from Cuba, China, the United States, and other countries, with supplemental articles and resource links. For the more well-known symbols (for example, the symbol for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in the United Kingdom or commonly known as the 'peace' symbol in the rest of the world) has a detailed essay on its history, origins, designer and use. The website's aim is to create a responsible digital repository of the significant visual sources in history, and to document and catalogue their designs, uses, and meanings in an accurate fashion.
The Documentaries on Modern International Conflict (DOMIC) project provides detailed descriptions of the research archives for ten TV documentary series. The collections are held by the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King's College London. The collections deal with Vietnam, the Falklands War, the Gulf Wars, the Cold War, the Arab-Israeli Wars, conflict in the former Yugoslavia, chemical and biological testing and the development of nuclear technology and its impact on international relations and defence policies.In total, the collections cover 92,000 separate items. Collection descriptions are comprehensive and thorough, although individual items are described only briefly. A search engine is provided within each collection (but not on the main page).As well as being of obvious application to studies dealing with international politics, peacekeeping, ethnicity, and technology, the project's authors hope the archives will also prove useful to media researchers and those interested in interview techniques. Modern military historians should find plenty of interesting sources amongst the archived materials.The DOMIC project received funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP).
The Dr Seuss Goes to War website provides access to political cartoons drawn by Theodor Seuss Geisel (Dr. Seuss, the children's book author and illustrator) for the New York publication 'PM' between 1941 and 1943. Dr Seuss drew over 400 editorial cartoons for 'PM' where he was the chief editorial cartoonist (1940-1948). The Mandeville Special Library at the University of California in San Diego holds copies of these cartoons, either the original drawings or newspaper clippings. The cartoons on the website have been scanned from newspaper clippings. The cartoons can be browsed chronologically (1941, 1942, 1943) or subject area (people; countries/regions; war/domestic issues; battles and battlefields). An introduction to the website has been written historian Richard H. Minear of University of Massachusetts Amherst, who has published a book of the same title (Publisher: The New Press, 1999).
'Drawing Conclusions' is a full-text thesis by Lachlan R. Moyle entitled, "Drawing Conclusions: An imagological survey of Britain and the British and Germany and the Germans in German and British cartoons and caricatures, 1945-2000". It is available online for download in PDF form. Moyle completed the thesis in 2004 at the Universität Osnabrück (University of Osnabruck) in Germany. There is a substantial bibliography, but the thesis is not illustrated. Researchers and postgraduates will find Moyle's discussion of analytical methodology to complement this survey of German and British mutual perspectives as they interacted through the latter half of the twentieth century.
The website D'rawn sword: engravings and woodcuts from the MacBean Jacobite and Stuart' collection provides access to approximately 1,300 loose engravings and woodcuts that form part of the MacBean Collection. The MacBean Stuart and Jacobite Collection (at the University of Aberdeen Library) includes about 3,500 books and 1,000 pamphlets covering every aspect of the Jacobite rebellions, their causes and effects, and the personalities (royal, national and local) involved. Moreover, the Collection offers much promising background material for research into many aspects of the late-17th or 18th centuries. Each image in the collection is accompanied by a caption detailing the subject and, where known, the artist, engraver and printer. The image captions are searchable. However, search results are sometimes drawn from other collections in the Library which can be confusing. You may also browse collection although only by item reference number which is not particularly useful.
'Dreams of space' is a large free online 'image bank' of illustrations and paintings. The images illustrate how future and actual space travel was imagined, with most of the material being book illustrations that date from 1883 until 1974, 1974 being the year when there was little possibility of future manned moon landings continuing. The bulk of the collection is focussed on illustrations taken from children's books. The collection also covers some non-English European books on the subject. Most images are of small to medium size. There is a short directory of artists and illustrators, and a basic listing of authors and editors. The website republishes a short section from the 1978 book Space Art, titled 'The Archeology of Space Art'. The website appears to be a personal website created by John Sisson of the Science Library at the University of California at Irvine.
The website "Early Eighteenth Century Newspaper Reports: A Sourcebook Compiled by Rictor Norton" has been created by Dr Rictor Norton, an expert in and author on Queer History. The site includes a convenient search engine and material is also arranged thematically. The emphasis is on crimes and wonders, reports of which have been compiled from newspapers such as: The British Gazetteer; London Journal; Mist's Weekly Journal; and Daily Journal. It is an excellent resource for historians of early modern crime. Thematic sections include: Trials at the Old Bailey, Hangings at Tyburn, Famous Criminals, Mobs and the Pillory; Love and Marriage, Abandoned Children, Rape and Infanticide, Sodomites, and the Drury Lane Ladies; Popular Amusements from Bear-Baiting to Fashionable Assemblies, Races, Magicians, Music, Play and Literature, and the Latest Fashions; Bills of Mortality, Suicides, Natural Catastrophes, Horrid Accidents and Funeral Customs; Health and Beauty and Advertisements for Quack Medicines; and Religion, Witchcraft, Jews, French Protestants. The texts from the newspapers have been retyped for the site, and under the various headings the author of the site compiled pieces of news from different papers and journals. It is a pity that there the site does not offer an index to all the titles of newspapers. As it is the material has been selected and categorised according to the compiler's interests with no indication as to the time frame or range of newspapers consulted. Those researching aspects of social and cultural history of eighteenth century Britain however will find this site of good use.
The website "Early Hebrew Newspapers" is published by the Jewish National and University Library, which is part of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. On this site users can freely access digitised copies of the major titles of the nineteenth and early twentieth century Hebrew press. The following papers: Halevanon; Hamagid; Havazelet; Hazefirah; Hameliz; and Hazevi/Haor/Hashkafa are available, covering the years 1856-1911, and featuring some 65,000 pages. All of the papers are indexed by common era date, Jewish calendar date and issue number, and can also be searched partially by author and subject. The content is entirely in Hebrew, and to view the images users will need to accept to run the free image viewer viewONE. The database has an introductory page in English.
Early visual media: a history of visual media is an unconventional website dealing with early visual media and pre-cinema, from the perspective of its Belgian creator, Thomas Weynants. Much of the site is concerned with the history of optical illusion and special effects prior to the twentieth century, but does also include the history of television. The site's author describes it as a contemporary raree-show. It consists of various galleries of weird and wonderful inventions and images, mostly from Western Europe. The seven main sections, all of which are well illustrated, cover photography, pre-cinema, early film, television, fairground art, conjuring arts and the death dance. The photography section looks at stereoscopic images, diableries, ghost images, stereoviewers, and fairground and vaudeville entertainments. The pre-cinema section looks at many of the technologies used to create optical illusions before the advent of modern film. These include various phantasmagoria devices, optical toys, the Phenakistiscope, the Choreutoscope, and anamorphoses techniques. There is a tendency throughout the displays to emphasise the weird, the erotic, and the macabre. The website also features a links section, and pages alerting users to forthcoming publications, lectures and gallery exhibitions. The site is both fascinating and a little disorientating (which is presumably intended). It should prove of interest both to the general public and to students approaching the lesser-known facets of European visual culture and technology.
The East Anglian Film Archive (EAFA) was established in 1976 as the first regional film archive in the UK and is a non-profit making organisation based at the University of East Anglia (UEA). It 'aims to collect and preserve moving images relating to East Anglia and to provide a service of access and presentation where copyright allows'. This site gives a brief introduction to the archive's collections and services and offers links to a range of catalogues including that of the archive itself. There are brief details of the MA course 'Film Archiving', offered within the Film Studies sector of UEA. A section on News gives information on the use of the EAFA's collection in recent television programmes. The Archive has received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
The website "Engine of Immortality" looks at the history of Canadian newspapers from the mid-seventeenth century onwards. It is published by the Library and Archives Canada. On the site users can access articles on historical newspapers in Canada, with particular reference to the first Canadian newspaper the Halifax Gazette, which was began publishing in 1752. The site also features digitised images, though these are mainly for illustration. The categories of news, arts, classifieds and foreign intelligence are covered, and there are also links to sites featuring historic news illustrations, special editions of Canadian newspapers, and suggested readings. The last update to the site was made in 2005, the page is now archived.
Ephemera from the Age of Victoria : Printed and Manuscript Artifacts from the Collection of Barbara Rusch is an online exhibtion hosted by the E. J. Pratt Library, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The site commemorates an actual exhibition held at the Library in early 1998. The website explains that ephemera are defined "as the documents of everyday life intended for short-term use and disposal." The term -- and exhibition -- include: pamphlets ; newspapers ; calendars ; greeting cards ; posters ; advertising novelties ; and consumer product packaging. The site underscores the historical immediacy that these items donate to the study of Social and Cultural History. And the online display confirms the sentimentality, love of glowing colour, and widespread consumption of bizarre medicines associated with common Victoriana. Among these, a section entitled How to be a Proper Victorian is most revealing, including pamphlets entitled 'From the Ballroom to Hell : Facts about Dancing. A Dancing Master's Experience' and 'The Enterprising Housekeeper.' An added feature allows users to click to see the front and back of several items. Visually attractive and easy to navigate, the site should serve as a teaching tool and a starting point for researchers to assess the content of University of Toronto's impressive archival collections in the fields of Victorian and British Imperial History.
'Europa Film Treasures' is a substantial EU-funded online archive of classic 'vintage' films from across Europe. The 50 digitised films can be viewed online, and they date from 1895 to the 1970s. The films have been drawn from film institutes across Europe and beyond (there are also four Russian and five American films). Five films are available from the British Isles. There is some nudity and eroticism in some early films. Films are presented with a short history and description, and they are shown using Adobe Flash video. At July 2008 the website promises that there will shortly be a full set of online documentation, including "reference book bibliographies, a glossary of technical terms, and a presentation of professional networks" as well as "teaching kits".
'Filmography: Home of Israeli Film' is a free scholarly website about the history of Hebrew & Israeli cinema. There are also coverage of Eastern Europe and Germany before the holocaust. The website is run by film historian Joseph Halachmi. At April 2009 the website has a small but growing range of news items, links, book notes, details of events interest to film historians, and a few short scholarly articles - although these items are not currently well-presented or organised. This is a developing new website that will be a useful contact point for those interested in the history of Hebrew & Israeli cinema, and the role of cinema in Eastern Europe and Germany during the early 20th century.
The website "Focus on cartoons" is a bite-size teaching resource aimed at Key Stages 2-5 in history. However, it also provides a useful brief history of the use of political cartoons and commentary on some of the most famous examples, such as those on the Queen Caroline affair and what is thought to have been the first cartoon - an anti-Semitic drawing on a medieval document (dating from 1233). Examples are provided with questions pointing the student towards a coherent analysis of the techniques used by the cartoonists. It helps the student discern what points the cartoonist intended to raise. The works of Low, Tenniel, and Leech are featured and the site provides an excellent introduction to the use of cartoons as historical evidence.
The website "Focus On Film" is published as part of The National Archives Learning Curve teaching resource. It provides free access to 20th century film images, and its aim is to help teachers and learners make use of the increased bandwidth being put into many schools. The film clips can be viewed with online in Flash or downloaded for editing. They cover topics such as Britain 1906-1918, the Abyssinian War, the British home front during the Second World War, the Cold War, early 20th century Kent and the British Empire, but also reenacted moments of mediaeval and early modern England. The clips can be searched or browsed. Other resources include classroom activities, available in format compatible with PCs and interactive whiteboards. The Editor's Room requires a free registration and offers a tutorial for editing film clips with online editing tools and or downloaded videos. This site is a wonderful resource not only for media studies but also for the historical value of the films and the portrayal of major moments in British history.
The Future Histories of the Moving Image Research Network is an AHRC-funded research network that aims to "address the issues of sustainability and historiography arising from the growing number of moving image arts database and digitised collection projects in the UK." There are full details of key members and participants, a statement of aims, and a timetable for activities during 2007 and 2008. The website also has details of a November 2007 conference "Future Histories of the Moving Image" at the University of Sunderland, England.
This is the relaunched online gateway to the London, Edinburgh, and Belfast Gazettes, the official newspapers of record in the United Kingdom. This presents the reader with details of the legal notices, (such as insolvency notices), that are required by law to be published, as well as an archive for 20th Century Honours and Awards, including complete coverage of the First World War and World War 2. There is a search engine, with an advanced search facility; as well as FAQs, and a Site Map. It is possible to also browse sections such as "60 years ago" as well as guided access to the World War One and Second World War entries. The site has been heavily re-designed to especially meet the needs of users unfamiliar with the Gazette in its printed forms. However, the site uses frames, and Java to enable access to the valuable data.
The German Propaganda Archive was created by Randall Bytwerk of Calvin College. The archive provides access to scanned images of propaganda and materials produced for the guidance of propagandists from both the Nazi Era and the German Democratic Republic. The focus of the site is to provide access to material in English translation, which is not readily available from other sources. The site has been divided into three main sections: Nazi Propaganda pre-1933 material; Nazi Propaganda 1933-45 material including the Second World War; and East German Propaganda (Marxist propaganda: 1949-1989). These sections are further subdivided. The site features two primary kinds of material: a variety of propaganda material designed to influence the citizenry; and "behind the scenes" material designed for propagandists themselves. There is interesting material on Hitler, Goebbels, and Hess. It is also possible to search the site. The site provides links to other appropriate propaganda sites. Information about the site and a list of FAQs are available. This is an extensive and informative website that will be of great interest and benefit to undergraduate and graduate students of German studies, as well as to the general public. The site is updated regularly.
Sub-titled "visual arts and social commentary", graphic witness is a website dedicated to looking at and commenting on 20th and 21st Century social issues and events through the study of the graphic imagery of artists working during that period. This site provides a fascinating insight into how twentieth century political and social history was portrayed in the media.
The site divides artists into those working pre and post 1950; each artist has a specific page containing images of their works, information about the artist, social commentary on the artist and their work and links to other sources of information online, both on the Graphic witness site and elsewhere. Artists featured include: Paul Cadmus; Fred Ellis; Joseph Keppler; Thomas Nast; Luis Quintanilla; and Artur Szyk. Photographers' work is also included, for example that of Dorothea Lange, Lewis Hine, and Weegee (Arthur Fellig). Also on the site is a section entitled 'Tusche, Tone and Stone' which explores 19th century news illustration. In addition, there are features on graphic art in wartime, art and the Rosenberg era, art in El Salvador since 1980 and the Taller de Grà¡fica Popular Mexican art workshop. The century's graphic commentary has encompassed poverty and corruption all over the world, as well as political and social events. Prominent press of the twentieth century are also featured, such as Judge, Le Rire, Puck, Simplicissimus, and Harper's Weekly, along with the images that made them famous. A section on the 9/11 aftermath contains drawings made by art students at Parsons School of Design, New York City. The Graphic Witness site also provides a detailed bibliography of anthologies, books, essays and Web resources.
The website "Guardian Century" is an online chronicle of articles which appeared in The Guardian between 1899 and 1999. It features a search engine for subjects or particular years. It is simple to navigate and allows the user to look up specific events. However it does not seem possible to bring up specific dates, only a selection of articles from a specified year. Part of The Guardian website, it provides links to other areas of the website.
The 'History of Stardom Reconsidered' page gives free access to the full-text refereed proceedings of a conference of the same name that was held in November 2006. Twenty-four papers are offered, as PDF files. Among the titles of the conference papers are: 'Comedians as Stars: The Monty Python Troupe'; ‘Grave Robbing or Career Comeback? On the Digital Resurrection of Dead Screen Stars'; and 'On-screen and Off-screen Monstrosity of Bela Lugosi and Boris Karloff', among others. This will be a useful resource for those considering the nature of stars and stardom in cinema and pop videos. The proceedings form Vol 1 No.1 of the "IIPC Publication Series" from the Turku International Institute for Popular Culture in Finland.
'The History of Zork' is a free 6,000-word essay exploring the early history of one of the most important interactive fiction games ever produced for the personal computer. First published by Infovision in 1980 and 1981, the Zork series of games became very influential and set the pattern for later adventure games. This short history was written by Tim Anderson, one of the creators of the early Zork series. It is a personal history, and there is no bibliography. The author briefly deals with the precursor games to Zork, such as Adventure. The later game Zork III (1982) is not covered, and nor is Return to Zork (1993), Zork: Nemesis (1996) or Zork Grand Inquisitor (1997).
This is a demonstration of Palmer's Full Text Online. This demonstration illustrates the following features with fully annotated screenshots: searching (every article from The Times from 1785 to 1870, thus providing online access to over 25,000 issues of the newspaper and one million articles); displaying an overview of your search results; and viewing full-text (the Column Image page displays an image of the column, and allows you to view an Adobe PDF version so you can print the column). The online resource itself is available at an institutional subscription rate. It consists of a fully searchable electronic index built from the Palmer's Full Text Online, which contains the Index to The Times from October 1790 to December 1905. The Full Text component spans the years from 1812 (January 1) to 1870. Each record and column reference in Palmer's is linked to a high-resolution image of the relevant article and column. The index can be explored by simple or advanced keyword or phrase searching; issues of the paper can be navigated by date, and index entries also contain links to related articles. This website is part of the History Online demonstration pages, which includes the "History Study Centre", a new online resource that offers all historians - from undergraduates through to researchers - a vast collection of digitised primary and secondary sources and a complete history reference library. Training pages for the History Online resources (like Palmer's Full Text Online) are linked to from the site.
'How Manga Conquered the U.S.' is a free 11-page documentary comic published by Wired magazine. The full-text PDF of the comic by Atsuhisa Okura is available for download. This documentary comic shows how an influx of Japanese manga comics affected the U.S. comics market from the late 1980s to the present day. The comic is in English, although the method of reading is Japanese (from right to left, starting at the end page). This will be a useful short introduction for students who are seeking to understand the recent dynamics of the U.S. comics industry, and how manga arrived at the point where it was able to affect wider areas of popular cultural production in the U.S.
The website 'The Huntley and Palmers Collection' is an online exhibition documenting the well known Reading biscuit firm Huntley and Palmers. Published by the Reading Museum Service with funding from the New Opportunities Fund, the exhibition covers the history of the firm Huntley and Palmers, from its founding in 1822, to its closure in 1972. The exhibition features a host of digitised primary source material, such as images and audio files, to illustrate the five main sections. These cover the Quaker founders of the company, the jobs, conditions and actions of the workers, the impact the factory had on Reading, and the philanthropy of the Palmer family. Another interesting segment is the section on the history of biscuits, biscuit tins, and advertising during Victorian, Edwardian and Inter-war periods. The site has further subsites dedicated to timelines and themes. Interactive features on the site include the Biscuit Millionaire game, which has Flash and HTML versions. This website is a good resource for understading ealy capitalism and business management, advertising and marketing in previous centuries.
'The Image of the Journalist in Popular Culture' is the website of a major academic research project and forthcoming ejournal. The project aims to investigate... "film, television, radio, fiction, commercials, cartoons, comic books, music, art". The project is headed by Joe Saltzman, professor of journalism at the USC Annenberg School for Communication. Already available for purchase is the 'The Image of the Journalist in Popular Culture (IJPC) Database 2008 Edition' which... "includes more than 67,190 items". There are free full-text resources such as 'Sob Sisters: the image of the female journalist in popular culture', and 'Bibliography: the image of the gay journalist in popular culture'. Several DVD videos are available for purchase, including 'The Image of the War Correspondent in Movies and Television, 1931-2007,' and 'The image of the gay journalist in movies and TV, 1929 to 2008'. The website also gives free access to the online publication 'IJPC Student Research Papers', which includes full-text papers such as ''Devil Wears Prada' and Fashion Journalists'; 'Photojournalists in Video Games'; 'War Correspondents in 'Under Fire' and 'Salvador''; and 'Women Journalists in Film, 1940-1945', among others. This extensive website has full details of the aims, researchers, publications and events of the project.
This is the website of the International Association for Media and History, an organisation whose aims are to promote research into the history of twentieth century media, and the relationship between history and the media. It also aims to encourage the production of accurate and properly informed history documentaries and television series. The site features a great deal of information about the Association, with sections that include news, conferences, publications, resources (with links to other sites of interest), and a discussion forum. In addition to this there is information about the Association's peer reviewed journal, the Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, along with the table of contents of this publication from 1996 to the present.
The International Journal of Motorcycle Studies is a free full-text academic ejournal of motorcycling culture. The IJMS is published twice a year, and covers the historical experience of motorcycles and "the images of motorcycling and motorcyclists in film, advertising and literature". At November 2008 there are ten issues online, and the focus is largely on the U.S. and British experience. The contact page of the website also gives access to a IJMS Web Board for reader discussions. The website has full details of the Editorial Board, the submission process, and a rationale for the journal. This ejournal will be of great interest to scholars examining the history and/or cultural representation of motorcycling in the English-speaking nations.
'Jews and the Graphic Novel' is a 22-page documentary comic book created and written by David Gantz. This comic is free to read online, and offers a condensed history of the immense contribution made by American Jewish men to the art and craft of the comic book in the 20th century. The author has the advantage of having worked in the industry since the 1940s, and there is particular focus on the impact of the Second World War on the industry. In 22 pages, this free online comic can only scratch the surface of a history which is now dealt with in a significant number of scholarly history books - such as 'From Krakow to Krypton: Jews and comic books'; 'The Jewish graphic novel: critical approaches'; 'Up, Up, and Oy Vey'; and 'Disguised as Clark Kent: Jews, Comics, and the Creation of the Superhero', among others. It does however give a useful outline introduction for those who are just starting to take an interest in the topic.
The 'Journal For The Study of British Cultures' (1994-) is a scholarly journal edited and published in Germany, but printed in English. The journal aims "to provide a platform for the study and discussion of diverse ‘British’ cultural forms through in-depth articles, case studies, reviews, etc". At June 2010 there are details of 25 issues online, along with all the information that one would expect to find of the website of a major academic journal. Issues have abstracts, detailed contents lists, including the titles of book reviewed. The journal aims to "transcend traditional disciplinary boundaries", and covers a wide range of cultural topics. Issues are themed. This journal may offer British scholars a refreshing 'outside view' on British culture, and English-language reviews of material published only in German. There are details of submission procedures and also how to subscribe.
“The Last Best West” is an online virtual exhibition by the Canadian Museum of Civilization that explores the Canadian government’s role in advertising free land to farmers and farm workers in Britain and the United States from 1870-1930, and in Europe from 1870-1914. In this website, colourful image thumbnails of posters and pamphlet covers, newspaper advertisements, promotional photographs and notices show how the Canadian government promoted emigration to western Canada. This resource is divided into seven sections and links take you to “The Early Years, 1870-1897”, “Advertising in Britain, 1900-1916”, “Advertising in Europe, 1900-1920s”, “Presenting newcomers to Canada, 1910-1911”, “Advertising in the United States, 1900-1920s”, “Advertising in Britain, 1920s” and “Immigrants’ Possessions”. In each section there is a general introduction followed by links, forward and back, to allow linear viewing of the exhibition. On each page of the exhibition, there are 2-3 images with short captions and some interpretative text per page. Each image includes the name of the institution that holds that item and a reference number for researchers wishing to pursue this subject further. Moreover, there are also images of a selection of 3-dimensional artefacts brought to Canada by immigrants in the period from Confederation to 1930. In addition, there are links to other relevant virtual exhibits and reference websites, and a list of related books. Users have quick access to search (and advanced search) facilities, site map and index, a quick links drop down menu, and a toggle button to allow transition between English/French versions of the pages.
Law, crime and history (formerly 'Solon: crimes and misdemeanours, deviance and the law in historical perspective') is a full-text refereed ejournal published online by the University of Plymouth in the UK. Example article titles include: 'Undiscovered Country: Towards a History of the Criminal 'Underworld'; 'Persistent Offenders in the North West of England, 1880-1940'; and 'Convicted Murderers and the Victorian Press: Condemnation vs. Sympathy'. The journal website also has details of events, associated research projects, and the 'SOLON Database of Crime Reportage'... "a fully-searchable, free to access and download, qualitative database focused on nineteenth-century crime reportage". There are full details of the editors, editorial board, and the submissions process.
'Limina: a journal of historical and cultural studies' is a full-text ejournal. This refereed annual ejournal is published by a cross-disciplinary group of postgraduates at The University of Western Australia. At February 2009 there are 16 issues online, freely offering articles in PDF format. There is also a special edition from 2007, titled 'On The Beach: Liminal Spaces in Historical and Cultural Contexts'. Example article titles from the archives include: 'Subcinema: Theorising Marginal Film Distribution'; 'Quantum Bhangra: Bhangra Music and Identity in the South Asian Diaspora'; 'Magical Beginnings: The Intellectual Origins of the Victorian Occult Revival'; and '‘Stinking Old Eighties Thinking’: The Face Magazine in the 1990s', among many others. The journal also includes book reviews and interviews, and has many articles that focus on aspects of Australian history. The website does not appear to have details of the ISSN.
'The London Project' is the website of an academic "study of the film business in London, 1894-1914, organised by the AHRB Centre for British Film and Television Studies". The project examines the growth of the industry as it moved from the first Kinetoscope peepshows to the building of large studios and cinemas, in the context of the wider "impact upon the social and economic life of the city". As part of the project the website has a free searchable database that covers "cinemas and film businesses in London before the First World War", and this has been compiled from a variety of sources including trade directories. One can search using a variety of criteria, including by location and by surname.
The 'Maison d'Ailleurs' is a "museum of science fiction, utopia, and extraordinary journeys". Also known as 'The House of Elsewhere', the museum is located in Switzerland. The Maison d'Ailleurs website offers details of current and past gallery exhibitions, a free newsletter, and has an overview of the research facilities. The website also has details of the 'Innovative Technologies from Science Fiction for Space Applications' (ITSF) project, in which The European Space Agency asked the museum to conduct a study of technologies found in science fiction literature. The museum claims to have a "large, fabulous collection consisting of more than 40,000 books ... [and] nearly 20,000 documents and items related to science fiction and its imagery" and the museum collaborates with an French archive to offer what it claims is one of "the biggest science fiction photo libraries in the world". The website has contact details, opening times, and complete documentation of past exhibitions.
"Media and War: the battle for hearts and minds" is an online resource for teachers on wartime propaganda as part of the Imperial War Museum's educational sites. It's designed to tie in with the National Curriculum, but teachers of students at different levels could certainly use it. The site is comprised of two sections: techniques; and technologies.Each looks at the central tenants of propaganda and explores how it works, and the mediums of propaganda respectively. Examples are given for the First World War, Second World War, the Falklands, and the Gulf and Iraq War, using a variety of primary and secondary sources, including images and sound files. Information for teachers, resources and links complete the content of this site.
Media History Monographs (MHM) is a peer reviewed journal publishing on the history of media and mass communication. The journal is a co-operative venture between the School of Journalism at Ohio University and the Mass Communication Department at Emory Henry College. MHM publishes articles which are too long for traditional print journal but too short for publication as a monograph. It is solely available over the Internet and all material is available free of charge. The first issue was published in 1997. The journal can be browsed by journal issue, or via an author or subject index.
'Media History Monographs' (MHM) is an American annual online journal devoted to publishing scholarly works in journalism and mass communication history. The articles can be viewed from 1997 (volume 1) and the latter issues require an Adobe Acrobat Reader, as the articles are presented in PDF format. 'Media History Monographs' is published in association with the American Journalism Historians Association at the University of Elon, North Carolina.
Part of the University of Minnesota's College of Liberal Arts' website, the Media History Project promotes the study of media history. Sub-titled "promoting the study of media history from petroglyphs to pixels", it contains a media time line, ranging from the prehistoric to the present day, articles and quizzes for media studies students. The articles explore the way technology; politics; economics; cultural and moral change; and institutions have contributed to the development of the media throughout its history. Subjects include printing and publishing; journalism; photography; advertising and comics; telegraphy, telephony and sound recording; radio, film, television and computing.
The Medieval Electronic Multimedia Organization (MEMO) is a group of scholars working in the field of Medieval Studies and neo-medievalism, who are interested in the revival of medieval forms of storytelling in modern culture - in fantasy videogames, films and television series. The group maintains an open online discussion list, publishes a free newsletter, and is currently planning their first book for late 2008, titled 'The Medieval in Motion: Neomedievalism in Film, Television and Electronic Games'. Membership of the MEMO group is free and is open to creatives and fans as well as to academics. The editors of the website intend to add a bibliography and publications list at some future date.
The website "Monuments and Dust - The Culture of Victorian London" is an international project led by the University of Virginia and University College London. The project has put together a digital representation of the metropolis using statistical, visual, and textual data. The project intersects many academic subjects including the histories of literature, journalism, architecture, and painting, as well as the study of colonialism and empire, the analysis of modern urban space, and the sociology of mass culture. The website includes a detailed model of the Crystal Palace with computer-generated animations and still images of the inside and outside of the building. This is an amazing rendering of the visual splendour of the Paxton's architecture accompanied by information about the original building's construction and history. There are also notes about the production of the computer-generated model. Primary source material includes Mayhew's London Labour and the London Poor; extracts from the Times; Dore and Jerrold's "London - a pilgrimage"; the London mortality statistics, 1850-1900; and the London population statistics, 1850-1900. These can be searched by London borough and decade. The bibliography is extensive. The site also published five research papers from 2001. The site is highly recommended. The site is now archived.
'Moving and Projected-Image Entertainment in the South-West, 1820-1914' is a three-year research project run by Dr John Plunkett and Dr Joe Kember of the Department of English at The University of Exeter. This project has been funded with a £204,000 AHRC Research Grant, and seeks - through a provincial study - to demonstrate the "extensive national distribution of moving and projected images between 1820 and 1914" in terms of panoramas, dioramas, peepshows, the magic lantern, and other 'lost' forms of visual media and optical diversions. The project website has full details of the aims and scope, outline biographies of the four researchers involved, and an annotated five-image gallery drawn from the Bill Douglas Centre at the University of Exeter.
Published by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) and the South East Film and Video Archive at the University of Brighton and hosted by the University of Brighton, the Moving History website is a guide to the United Kingdom's twelve public sector moving image archives. The national collections featured are the British Film Institute National Film and Television Archive, the Imperial War Museum Film and Video Archive, the National Screen and Sound Archive of Wales, and the Scottish Screen Archive. Eight English regional collections are also included - the East Anglian Film Archive, the Media Archive for Central England, the North West Film Archive, the Northern Region Film and Television Archive, Screen Archive South East, the South West Film and Television Archive, the Wessex Film and Sound Archive, and the Yorkshire Film Archive. The site presents detailed information on these collections, offers guidelines on gaining access to these archives and provides links and contact points for further information.
The site is illustrated with over 100 selected film and television clips (for which Windows Media Player 11 is required). Films can be browsed by theme (for example, family life; health, welfare and education; industry; rural life; social and political; transport; urban life; and war-fare) or browsed by archive. The website includes sections on 'Films from the Home Front', which portrays life for 'ordinary people in Britain' during the Second World War (1939-1945) and 'Whitehawk Primary School on the Home Front', which features events and activities run by Screen Archive South East at Whitehawk Primary School in Brighton on life in the Second World War on the home front.
The guide aims to encourage scholarly research and creative use of archive film and to promote the value of these resources to all academics and students across the arts and humanities in higher education. More widely, it is hoped that the information found here will be of interest to all researchers who seek to expand their understanding and use of moving image material.
The website for the UK's National Videogame Archive contains basic information about the NVA, which was launched in October 2008. The NVA is... "a joint project between the National Media Museum and Nottingham Trent University, which aims to celebrate that culture and preserve that history for researchers, developers, game fans and the public." At November 2008 the website contains a basic profile of the NVA, contact details, a FAQ, and details of how to become involved. There is an associated NVA website, www.savethevideogame.org, which contains the NVA's call for archival materials. The NVA websites will be a useful starting point for those interested in the ways in which interactive new media can be conserved and archived for future generations. In future years it may also be of interest to those seeking scholarly texts on the history of videogames and game cultures.
As part of the Ex-Classics Web Site, the Newgate Calendar page provides online access to the vast collection of accounts of criminal lives from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The numerous editions of the Calendar, which enjoyed immense popularity in its day, offered accounts of the lives of criminals, often including the last words of the condemned and a description of the execution. The website gives a brief introduction and a longer bibliographical note on the various editions published from the eighteenth century to the present day; and useful appendices on subjects such as coining and swindling. There are approximately four hundred accounts accessible online which have been organised into two sections: Best-known Cases, such as the highwayman Dick Turpin, the cannibal Sawney Beane, the pirate Captain Kidd, the thief Moll Cutpurse, and the murderer Eugene Aram; and Thematic Contents, for example, burglars, robbers and highwaymen, and pirates and nautical criminals. There are also over a hundred illustrations although their original contexts are unfortunately not cited. The host site, Ex-Classics, is a platform for classic works of literature which have fallen out of fashion and are no longer reprinted.
The website News on Screen is a database of British newsreel production between 1910 and 1983, created by the British Universities Film and Video Council (BUFVC), which had been archiving news reels for academic study since 1969. The database contains 170,000 records from 21 newsreels and cinemagazines, 80,000 digitised newsreel production documents, and a wide range of information resources, including oral history recordings, film availability sources, and online articles. 40,000 records link to free low-resolution downloadable copies from the British Pathe website. From 1999-2003 the BUFVC received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB, now the AHRC) to digitise copies of 80,000 commentary scripts, cameraman's dope sheets, assignment sheets, shot lists and other original documentation as part of the British Universities Newsreel Scripts Project (BUNSP). Further funding was granted by JISC. Each record includes the date of release, title, keyword and description. The films are available either through commercial and public sector film archives or as commercial video releases. Search parameters are flexible, and results provide bibliographic details, subject descriptions, dates, locations, technical details, and staff records where available. The website also boasts a biographical database of British newsreel staff. The "Learn more" section describes how newsreels were made and relates the history of the newsreel. A biography of David Lean, one of the great British film directors, is featured on the site. This resource is currently free, though users from UK FE/HE institutions (ac.uk domains) and BUFVC members can access additional content, such as the NewsFilm Online, the ITN/Reuters archives. The News on Screen was previously called British Universities Newsreel Database (BUND).
This is the website of NewsFilm Online delivering news clips and bulletin scripts from the ITN/Reuters archives, which is available for use in UK higher and further education institutions that subscribe to EDINA - a JISC National Data Centre based at the University of Edinburgh. NewsFilm Online is a BUFVC (British Universities Film & Video Council) project also funded by the JISC Digitisation Programme. About 3,000 hours of footage is available, covering approximately 60,000 news stories. The database is searchable under terms such as: personality; theme; date; or keyword. Although video playback and downloading are available only to staff and students at subscribing UK universities and colleges, anyone may search and browse the database. Access to the video samples requires the user to have Windows Media Player or Apple QuickTime.
News programmes digitised include: ITN news bulletins; Channel 4 News; Channel 5 News; Roving Report news documentary series; Gaumont, Universal, British Paramount and Empire Newsreels; Reuters/Visnews newsfeeds. The coverage for ITN is 1955 to date and the earliest footage in the service is from 1910 (Gaumont Graphic actually). A very small selection of footage is freely available on the BUFVC project website.
The Newspaper Detectives is a website listing names of individuals entered in the Surrey Advertiser between 1864-1872. The Surrey Advertiser began publication in April 1964, initially as a fortnightly then as a weekly newspaper for the county. Each name is indexed by date of appearance in the newspaper, reason for its appearance, location and town. The reasons for appearance cover births; deaths; trades and professions; auctions; sales of houses and articles; public notices; advertisements; local news; foreign news; meetings; and parish news. The newspaper included regions such as Guildford; Petersfield; Kingston; Woking; Horsham; Brighton; Chichester; London; Brigton; and some foreign countries. The editors explain the logic of this database and how it is based used. The site provides a few links to similar projects with local newspapers in the UK. The site suffers from a very annoying pop-up but its editors need support for the maintainance of the site.
The NEWSPLAN website is a database of local newspapers from the eighteenth century onwars. The site has sections for two regions: London and the South East and the West Midlands. For example, "NEWSPLAN London and the South East: History and Society Through Local Newspapers in London and the South East" provides information on over 2,500 press titles relating to South East England. There is a searchable database; the results show where the reader can find the desired newspaper (British Library and/org local library). The site offers links to surveys on the usage of local newspapers; a brief history of the titles; and a bibliography for those who wish to discover more. NEWSPLAN also provides links to other regional NEWSPLAN sites. This project is a collaboration between a number of local archives, the British Library, local newspapers, and local libraries. Since the first local paper in that region was published in 1717, this site is of use to a variety of cultural, social and local historians.
The Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (ncse) is a free, online scholarly edition of six nineteenth-century newspapers and journals. The edition is the result of a collaboration between: Birkbeck; King’s College London; the British Library; and Olive Software. The serials included on the site are: 'The Monthly Repository of Theology and General Literature'; 'The Northern Star'; 'The Leader'; 'The English Woman's Journal'; 'The Tomahawk'; and 'The Publishers' Circular', and for each of these the site provides a fairly detailed introduction and history. Issues of the serials are available to view as transcripts or as high quality facsimiles which can be: enlarged for easier reading on the site; downloaded as PDF files; or printed off. The text and images in these publications can also be browsed by subject, or searched by keyword. The website also provides: a general introduction to the project; an editorial commentary; and a technical introduction to the edition. This resource would be a valuable research tool for those studying the cultural history or literature of the period, or the history of print media.
This site is the home page of the Open Society Archives (OSA) of Central European University (CEU) in Budapest. The archive possesses key holdings on Communism and the Cold War in Central and Eastern Europe; human rights issues; and the activities of the Soros foundation network. The main sources regarding Communism and the Cold War are the Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Research Institute collections and the Russian, Polish and Hungarian 'samizdat' holdings. The materials on human rights are records from non-governmental and supra-governmental organisations which were active in postwar Central and Eastern Europe. These include materials from the International Helsinki Federation; Human rights Law Institute relating to conflict in former Yugoslavia; the Index on Censorship; and Physicians for Human rights. OSA is the official archive of the Soros Foundations network and holds records from the Open Society Institutes in New York and Budapest and from the CEU. The archive is also in the process of gathering a large audiovisual collection of regional propaganda; films; and television news programmes. The site has a series of very useful Reference Information Papers that provide background historical information on important sources in the archives. The online guide to all holdings in the OSA is outstanding in terms of its clarity and comprehensive nature. The main online guide page offers several links to Reference Information Papers; itemised descriptions of all collections; the CEU's library collections; and there is an online exhibition of archival materials on forced labour camps in the former Soviet Union. There is additional information on special book collections; links to other archives and archival portals; acquisitions and visitors' access. For its detail and ease in navigation, this site remains indispensable for those conducting research on the history and politics of twentieth century Central and Eastern Europe.
'Otak-who? technoculture, youth, consumption, and resistance : American representations of a Japanese youth subculture' is a freely available full-text paper written by Lawrence Eng, Marketing & Research Manager at Opera. His 12,000 word paper seeks to "examine the various and changing representations of otaku culture by Americans, and attempt to unpack the context behind and the implications of those representations." 'Otaku' are what many would term a class of hardcore Japanese 'nerd' or 'geek'. There is a substantial bibliography, including Web urls. This paper will be a useful starting point for those seeking to understand the way that nerds have been represented in English-speaking popular culture.
The "Penny Magazine website publishes transcribed issues of the late Georgian Penny Magazine, which was originally published by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge and aimed at a working class readership. The issues available cover the years 1832-1835, although the bulk of the editions are from 1835. The content of the magazine is mainly general interest articles, with pieces on well-known places in England, food and drink, and wildlife, and the illustrations from each issue have also been digitised. The site uses frames, and can sometimes be slow to download.
'Photohistories: tales from photography' is a website that seeks to build an online history of photojournalism before the digital era and to try to understand where the profession is headed in the twenty-first century. The website contains several interviews, including those with Philip Jones Griffiths and Homer Sykes. The Homer Sykes interview is accompanied by an online slideshow 'Unknown Homer Sykes: The English 1968-78'. There a few other slide shows, all showing a photo story, These require Flash plug-n to be viewed. Photo Histories also contains an article by Graham Harrison - originally written for EPUK - on how members of the VII photo agency see multimedia changing photography. There are short reviews of collectable photography books, six feature articles, and free listings of photo events, competitions, and grants for the current year.
'The Poster War' is an online exhibition of forty-six posters by allied artists of World War I, hosted by the Royal Alberta Museum, Canada. The posters can be viewed as part of an exhibition tour or selected individually by title or thumbnail. The exhibition is loosely divided into three parts. The first part compares the propaganda symbols which were used to identify and vilify the enemy with those which were used to unify and encourage allied society. The second investigates the use of the soldier on the battlefront as a universal propaganda image. The third illustrates various home-front themes that serve as objects of the propagandist. Some of the more intriguing posters reveal the changing role of women during the war; others - in particular those exhorting people to buy war bonds - provide an insight into the economics of wartime. The website is simple to navigate and the images are beautifully reproduced. This would be of interest to students studying the impact of the First World War on the home front.
The Research Society for Victorian Periodicals website is divided into sections related to the organisation itself, its annual conference, and its associated quarterly journal, the Victorian Periodicals Review. Each feature area of the site has its most current information in news column format on the home page, offering updates regarding the Society and its events. Many of the news items offer opportunities for members to be involved, such as a call for proof-readers and an invitation to share teaching resources. Also included are details of the Society's history, objectives and constitution, as well as contact details. Information is included about the VPR and the RSVP yearly conference, as well as membership instructions, and details of prizes and awards offered by the Society. This site is very attractively laid out, reflecting it subject matter, and regularly undated.
The Research Society for American Periodicals (RSAP) is a scholarly organisation for those "interested in American magazines and newspapers". The focus appears to be on popular and specialist 'newsstand' publications, especially those published prior to 1945. The RSAP publishes its own academic journal titled 'American Periodicals: a journal of history, criticism and bibliography', and tables-of-contents are available for this from 1991 until 2003. Membership of RSAP is gained by subscribing to American Periodicals. The website also offers a free email listserv discussion list (RSAP-L), which is moderated. RSAP-L archives are held online at an external website.
The Scottish Cultural Resources Access Network (SCRAN) is a collection of over 300,000 images, sound files and movie clips selected from over 350 museums, galleries, media organisations, and archives. It principally covers Scottish material culture and human history. All resources are copyright-cleared for educational use. Subjects covered include: archaeology; architecture; art and design; art history; cultural studies; ethnology; history; literature; and media studies. Its extensive suite of learning materials includes: pathfinders (concise illustrated histories on various topics); the curriculum navigator (a tool to help teachers find SCRAN resources on specific subjects in the Scottish or English National curricula); and the schools' topic bank (a list of topics and related resource packs which can be used to support study or research). In addition, the FE/HE section contains practical advice (including how-to guides, search tips, FAQs and access to software tools), teaching ideas and examples of learning materials created using SCRAN resources. Non-subscribers can search the whole resource base for free and see thumbnail images and a basic caption, but to access the full content, users of SCRAN need a personal or institutional subscription. A free monthly trial is available, and SCRAN is available to UK HE/FE institutions at a subsidised rate under a national license agreement negotiated by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This description is based on that supplied by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
This website, from the Charles Deering McCormick Library of Special Collections at Northwestern University, hosts a collection of images relating to the revolutionary events leading to the establishment, operation and downfall of the 1871 Paris Commune. The site hosts a collection of 1,200 images, which include political cartoons, caricatures, portraits of leading political figures and digitised photographs of particular buildings within Paris. Details of the photographers are included, together with a subject index and search facilities. It is possible to search by simple search or power search. The simple search enables keyword searching which can be limited to certain parts of the document. The power search supports boolean searching. Online help is available for searching. The categories available for browsing are portraits, landscapes/architecture, political caricatures, documentation, master index and subject index. The site also provides bibliographic references to books, newspapers and pamphlets held in the library collection.
The Southworth Spanish civil war collection website contains detailed bibliographic information about this vast collection available at the Mandeville special collections library. The Southworth collection contains a broad range of materials collected throughout the Second Spanish Republic, the Spanish Civil War and during the 1940s. It includes rare, and some unique, material from all sides involved in the war: histories; memoires; propaganda pamphlets; journals; newspapers; posters; and manuscripts. It also includes commentaries reflecting non-Spanish views on the war. Two particularly interesting features on this website are a collection of over 600 drawings by Spanish children from c.1938 and a collection of propaganda posters. Both are available to view online and contain background notes.
The Spectator Project is a database work in progress devoted to the study of the eighteenth-century periodical, in general, and, in particular, with The Spectator and The Tatler, two of the earliest journals published in the English-language, 1711-1714, by essayists Joseph Addison and Richard Steele. The notes and text are based on the 1891 Henry Morley imprint of The Spectator and published by George Routledge and Sons, London. Technically, the project supports a hypermedia database, which operates on boolean logic, to perform a text-based search of the content. Ultimately, the site will archive additional eighteenth-century periodicals, in image-based files, which will allow comparison of format and typography. Additionally, the project will give access to the scholarly apparatus of secondary works surrounding this area of multi-disciplinary scholarship in literary and printing history. The project is exceptional for the scholarly access it gives to this particular milieu of literary history. Those researching in the area of the history of publishing and the art of the essay will find the site significant.
The website "Staffordshire Past-Track" is an online collection of local history material. It is published by Staffordshire County Council in partnership with several local museums, archives and private collectors, and has received funding from the New Opportunities Fund. Available on the site are a range of primary sources, including documents, photographs, oral histories, objects and video footage. These can be searched by keyword, period, date range and resource type, and there is also the Map Explorer feature that also enables users to search for content geographically. In addition to this, the photographic material can be browsed in the Theme Explorer section, which covers a range of topics and themes including agriculture, industry, archaeology, religion, business, organisations, transport, war, health and welfare, childhood, family life, domestic servants, and education. The final section of the site is called Featured Content, and this houses a number of virtual exhibitions that explore particular events and themes in Staffordshire. Among past features were Staffordshire churches, celebrations in the county, monuments, the suspected poisoner William Palmer, coalmining, and midwifery; at the time of review the feature theme was "Crime and Punishment in the Archives", an excellent subsite with and audiovisual tour of the Staffordshire malefactors through time.
The website "Stonewall and Beyond: Lesbian and Gay Culture" is an online exhibition published by the Columbia University Libraries, based on the exhibition held in 1994. It was put together for the 25th anniversary of the Stonewall riots that took place in New York in 1969, and provides an introduction to key elements of gay history. The exhibition uses digitised primary source material and well-written narrative to explore gay and lesbian history before and after the Stonewall riots. Topics covered include the riots themselves, early writings on homosexuality by people such as Margaret Mead, Edward Carpenter, and Sigmund Freud, homosexuality across the centuries, and queer diversity. Also covered is how the imagery of gay men and women has changed since Stonewall, AIDS activism, and Hispanic gay culture.
'Studies in Media and Culture' is a full-text online ejournal, containing articles in both Japanese and English. It is published by the Graduate School of Languages and Cultures at Nagoya University in Japan. The Journal's home Web page is in Japanese, but dates of issues are in readable form and the page is very simple to navigate even if one does not read Japanese. At January 2009 four issues are freely available online. Articles freely available in English include: 'Media Representations of Political Discourse: a critical discourse study of four reports of Prime Minister's Questions'; 'The History of Early English Newspapers, 1620-1642'; and 'A Critical Discourse Analysis of Discourse Strategies in Reports of Youth Crime in UK Radio News', among others. Articles are provided in the PDF format.
The website "Take up the Sword of Justice: British Posters of World War One from the Roger N. Mohovich Collection" features an exhibition of posters held by the Special Collections department of Georgetown University. The exhibition is prefaced by an introduction explaining the significance of the Mohovich Collection, acquired in 1997. The introduction also provides information on print runs, the regional use of printing houses, and print years. The exhibition includes work by artists such as Frank Brangwyn, G. Spencer Pryse, and Bernard Partridge. Many of the twenty-five posters featured were issued by the Parliamentary Recruiting Committee in an effort to recruit soldiers to the Front. Posters exhibited include "Women of Britain Say Go", "The Empire Needs Men!", and "Red Cross or Iron Cross". Details are given for each work. The posters display most of the stylistic and thematic ideas which typify British poster art during the war, and give an amazing insight into how the perceived characteristics and skills of both men and women could be channelled into the war effort.
The website 'Televising Historym 1995-2010' is the homepage of the AHRC-funded project , which is based at the University of Lincoln and is headed by Dr. Ann Gray. The project on non-fiction programmes "asks how do we get the kinds of television histories we do, and why." The Web page contains an account of the project's history, a symposium, project publications in academic journals, and conference papers delivered. As of June 2007 there is a short outline of the activities and events that are planned for the next four years. There is a dedicated page that contains the programme of the June 2007 symposium 'Televising History: memory, nation, identity'. The website also has details of the project's Advisory Board. The past and future events can be viewed in flyers and the project's newsletter. The site is archived by the British Library Web preservation programme.
The Times Digital Archive, 1785-1985, provides convenient access to an extraordinary online library of back issues of this renowned newspaper. By taking the microfilm collection of The Times and producing a high-resolution digital format with searchable images, The Times Digital Archive represents unprecedented access to one of the most highly regarded resources for the study of 19th and 20th century history. With the Times Digital Archive, users have the opportunity to search and view the newspaper in its original published context. Every complete page of every issue of The Times from 1785 to 1985 (including every headline article and image; every front page, editorial, announcement, obituary, advertisement and classified ad) are all available in full page and clipped article images of its original published context in what promises to be a complete virtual chronicle of history for this period. One convenient, customisable interface takes you through the period's most significant events in world history. With precise full-text searching and hit-term highlighting, researchers can quickly and successfully retrieve the full-text image of a specific article or the article as it appears and have the results presented on a single screen. In addition, thumbnail images allow users to weigh the importance of search results before continuing with an advance search. Access to The Time Digital Archive requires an institutional subscription. Description supplied by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
This page, on the personal weblog of the British author Steven Poole, gives access to a free PDF version of his book 'Trigger Happy: The Inner Life of Videogames' (Fourth Estate, 2001). This PDF ebook is unrestricted and it includes the full text of the revised 2nd edition. The Web page also links to the full text of an Afterword chapter that was written for the 2004 U.S. edition, for which the publisher differently subtitled the expanded book: "Videogames and the Entertainment Revolution". Poole's 428-page ebook examines the aesthetics of videogames, and is written in an accessible but well-informed manner. The author, a Cambridge-educated reviewer for the Times Literary Supplement, brings an eclectic range of thinkers to bear on the subject of videogame aesthetics. The book also benefits from the fact that the author was an enthusiastic player of early videogames.
This website briefly describes an AHRC-funded project investigating the role of the BBC World Service as “contact zone” for diaspora communities around the worlds. The project aims to build on the hitherto under-researched knowledge of the role of the BBC World Service as a “lifeline” service: its role in shaping diasporic identity; the way it negotiates the competing pressures of journalism, objectivity and diplomatic interests and the way in which translation affects these.
This website gives online access to the UCLA archive of animations from the silent era of cinema. At May 2010, 11 vintage films from 1900 to 1928 are freely available for online viewing. Also available are commentaries from the preservationists involved, film notes, and information on the historical context. A Study Guide is available for download in PDF format. This website offers a fascinating view into a time before animation became standardised, enabling researchers to detect influences from cartoons, stage theatre, sideshows, puppetry and shadow puppetry, children's model theatres, magic-lantern shows and other forms. Films are also available for download in either MPEG2 or MP4 format, and at a reasonable size, making them useful for close study in the classroom. Unfortunately, individual films cannot be bookmarked, making it difficult to reference them exactly in scholarly discussion. Nor can they be embedded to play in weblogs and suchlike. The project was enabled via a grant from The National Film Preservation Foundation.
'UFOPOP: Flying Saucers in Popular Culture' is a very large online image bank of images from popular culture, images that in some way depict the recognisably classic form of "UFO's" or "flying saucers" or their imagined inhabitants. The site is free to use, and claims to offer over 5,500 images. The website is divided into five main sections: Comic Book Gallery (covers only); Book Gallery (covers only); Magazine Gallery (covers only, including ufo-ologist fanzines); Merchandising Gallery (includes press adverts, stickers, badges); and an "under construction" Toys Gallery with 31 examples of jigsaw, board-game and puzzle box-covers. Images are usually shown at a medium size and are accompanied with a short description. The database can be searched by keyword. The collection does not appear to cover material from outside the English-speaking world.
Provides access to over 2 million pages from online archives of British popular newspapers including the Daily Express (1900-present) and the Daily Mirror (1903-present). The Sunday Express and Daily Star are, as yet,available only from 2000 onwards (updating continuously) and Star on Sunday from 2002. There is a user-friendly full-text search facility, and archives can be searched free of charge, and headlines and thumbnail pages viewed. To see the full range of search options and results, or to access and download full pages (as PDF and/or TIFF files), a paid subscription is needed. Subscriptions are JISC-banded for HE/FE institutions and MLA-banded for public libraries. A variety of e-commerce subscriptions are offered for personal access, ranging from 48-hour, through 10-day, monthly or annual, and there is an Education discount scheme for non-subscribing-university users. UK Federated Access is available and copyright and technical information is displayed on the website.
This is an extended (and extensive) online bibliography for the 'Victorian Studies: Illustrated Periodicals' seminar taught by Michael Hancher at the University of Minnesota. It is divided into the following sections: Victorian studies: Three retrospects; Reading in the nineteenth century; Nineteenth-century journalism; Image and illustration; Ackerman and the 'Repository of Arts'; Charles Knight and the 'Penny Magazine'; and W. J. Linton and the 'Illustarted London News'. The bibliography extends beyond the required reading list for the seminar in question, and aims to provide a complex background to the main topics of study, as well as a good starting point for individual projects. It will, therefore, be useful not only to those looking for inspiration regarding the teaching of Victorian illustrated periodicals, but also to those undertaking research in this field.
The website 'Views of the famine' provides access to primary source material relating to the Irish Famine. Selected articles and illustrations are available from the Illustrated London News, the Cork Examiner, The Pictorial Times and Punch. The articles and illustrations cover a period from 1842-1857, with the majority of the material dating from 1845-47. The site also provides a full-text version of the article, Narrative of a journey from Oxford to Skibbereen during the year of the Irish Famine written by Lord Dufferin and the Hon. G.G. Boyle published in 1847. The articles can be browsed by publication.
'Virtual World of Girls' is subtitled: "an ebook about girl power, girls' school stories and the future of reading in an electronic age", and was created by the British artist and disability arts consultant Ju Gosling. The ebook was published online in 1998, and contains the following chapters: 'The History of Girls' School Stories'; 'The World of the Chalet School'; 'The Critics of Girls' School Stories'; 'The Parodies of Girls' School Stories'; 'The Fans of Girls' School Stories'; and 'The Significance of Girls' School Stories'. The book appears never to have been published in paper form. In addition to the main ebook there is a text on 'Researching & Creating Virtual Worlds of Girls' which provides a useful guide to resources in the field as they existed in the mid 1990s before the emergence of Girl Studies. The book is available to purchase in disk form, which also contains the documentary film 'The Chalet School Revisited' (1997).
The website Voices of World War II: experiences from the front and at home is an online project of the University of Missouri–Kansas City that brings the World War II era to life through original radio broadcasts and popular recordings. The site is divided into the following sections: 1939-1941; Pearl Harbor; Europe and D-Day; Home Front; Pacific Theatre; Post War World; and the project. These sections are further sub-divided. The site is easy to navigate and provides an excellent resource for those studying American Studies or the Second World War. This online exhibit presents more than 200 sound clips of newscasts, speeches, dramatic and comedy programs, popular songs, armed forces broadcasts, commercials, special reports, and more, available on the Internet through digital streaming audio. Rather than present a history of World War II, the website's recordings, along with supporting text and images, allow observers to experience these events via radio, just as Americans did during the war years. Utilizing original radio broadcasts, rare one-of-a-kind recordings, and authentic commercial and military releases from the late 1930s to the atomic age, the website's digital streaming audio brings this history to life. Clips include speeches by Truman, Roosevelt, Churchill, and more; news bulletins announcing invasions, battles, and surrenders; topical, novelty, and popular music of the era; V-Discs, Armed Forces Radio, USO, and propaganda broadcasts; recordings that spotlight evolving broadcast technology and innovations in journalism; and programs, commercials, and news reports focused on the home front. The user can choose between a flash and a text-only version of the site. The site is ingeniously designed and is a wonderful resource for understanding WWII and its impact in the US and worldwide. The audio clips require RealPlayer which is not supported by all Internet browsers.
The Waterloo Directory of English Newspapers and Periodicals is a significant subscription-based bibliography of nineteenth-century British newspapers and periodicals. Searches of the bibliography may be conducted by title keyword, person, place, subject, or issuing body, and the metadata associated with each record is rich, including information about such matters as editors, contributors, illustrators, dates, political and religious orientations, and locations of holdings. There are over 50,000 publications covered in total, many with facsimile reproductions of title pages (but not full texts). An interesting feature of the Directory is it's 'family trees', indicating the relationships between publications arising from mergers, title changes, and so forth. Although not cheap, this is undoubtedly a valuable resource for researchers of 19th-century Britain.
The ifiction website claims to contain over 250 works of pioneering interactive fiction and text-based adventure gaming, which are easily playable inside a web browser. The author states that "the games are mainly just Z-machine (Inform) games" and these are presented online using "a general-purpose Z-machine emulator with a web interface". The collection includes commercial games, including historic and hugely influential classics such as the three main Zork adventures, and the Adventure game. While playing, games can be saved. This is a useful website for those investigating interactive fiction and the online presentation of narrative, and the website allows users to bypass the problems inherent in getting old games to install and play on modern PCs.
'The World of Stereoviews' website is a personal commercial project that describes itself as the largest online collection of stereoviews on the Web, offering over 12,000 such pictures "dating from the 1850s onwards" including "diableries and glass views". The website may be searched by keyword, and is also organised by 'Specific Countries', and by an eclectic range of 'Specialist Views' topics. The website is commercial, and sells original Victorian and early 20th century stereoviews. The website also sells antique stereoviewing devices and stereoviewers. This will be a useful website for those interested in the history of stereoviews, as it offers a comprehensive illustrated overview of the types and ranges of production, and also the opportunity to obtain original material.
The Wellesley Index to Victorian Periodicals, 1824-1900, is a subscription bibliographic database of articles in nineteenth-century periodicals. It primary use is to identify authorship. It was common during the Victorian era for articles by periodical contributors to be published anonymously, or under a pseudonym. The great achievement of the Wellesley Index was to provide provenance details and evidence to support attributions of authorship, along with brief biographical and vocation details of the attributed authors. Periodicals covered in the Index include: the Westminster Review; Bentley's Miscellany; Blackwood's Magazine; the British Quarterly Review; the Dublin Review; Fraser's Magazine; the Monthly Chronicle; the Oxford and Cambridge Magazine; the Rambler; and the Theological Review, along with twenty or so others. The Wellesley Index does not attempt to attribute poetry appearing in the periodicals. The online version of Wellesley incorporates the additions and corrections made by Eileen Curran, known as the Curran Index.
This website, the work of two specialists in film history, is a guide to Victorian film, covering the beginnings of filmmaking from the 1870s until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901. The site features 300 biographies of people involved in motion pictures, both behind and in front of the camera. The who's who is arranged alphabetically, but it can also be viewed by country (either country of nationality, and/or where the subject's film career is most strongly associated), or by profession. Additionally, the site provides an essay on the technology of Victorian cinema, explanations of terminology relating to cameras, projectors and other motion picture equipment, sources for further readings and a timeline of the Victorian period, with cinema-related dates alongside historical occurrences. The site is based on a book, published by the British Film Institute in 1996, entitled 'Who's Who of Victorian Cinema: a worldwide survey'.
This website is the online version of an exhibition held in 1995 by the Library of Congress on American women journalists, photographers and broadcasters who gained recognition during the Second World War. It covers the experiences of eight women, including Dorothea Lange and Therese Bonney, who worked in a variety of capacities in the media during World War Two, and who experienced an unprecedented degree of professional opportunity as a result of the hostilities. It illustrates amply how war helped to chip away at the traditional gender roles, as women successfully took on employment in previously male dominated industries, but also how swiftly this changed at the close of the war. This exhibition features facsimile images of articles, photographs and private papers, as well as short biographies of each woman.
This website from Northwestern University holds over 300 posters relating to the Second World War dating from 1941-1945. The posters were collected and preserved by the Government Publications Department at Northwestern University during the Second World War. The posters were issued by various US agencies and represent the US government's effort, through art, illustration, and photographs, to pull the American people together. The posters can be searched by keyword or browsed by date, title or topic (such as "don't talk", "civil defence", "allies" and "recruiting"). Online help is available to aid searching. Other features of the site include a short bibliography (in the "Collectors information" section), technical information on the project, brief background information on the posters and a list of FAQs.