This is a website about Alfred John West (1857-1937), who was a film pioneer, active from 1897 to 1913, and an award-winning marine photographer from the mid 1880s to 1900. West's films were of nautical and naval subjects, and were presented under the general title of 'Our Navy'. The website provides information about his life, work and exhibitions. The site contains his unpublished autobiography 'Sea Salts and Celluloid'. It also includes some clips of moving pictures curated by the Sound and Vision Archive at Hampshire County Council, Winchester and other material held at the Barnes Collection at Hove Museum, East Sussex.
1796 Bantry French Armada Exhibition Centre, County Cork tells the story of Theobald Wolfe Tone and the French Armada's ill-fated attempts to expel the English from Ireland. After the invasion, the Surveillante was too damaged to return to France and lay undisturbed off Whiddy Island until its recent conservation. The site gives information on the Armada fleet, the frigate Surveillante, Theobald Wolfe Tone and Louis Lazare Hoche. The site contains advertising. Since this exhibition is embedded within a larger Cork tourism site, navigation is somewhat haphazard.
The website"300th Anniversary of the Russian Navy" is developed and maintained by RUSnet (Regional University and Science Network). RUSnet provides a communications and information service for the academic community of St. Petersburg (formerly Leningrad) and the North–Western region of Russia. The site contains extensive pictorial material connected with the history of the Russian navy from 1696 to 1996. It includes information on the history of St. Petersburg – the birthplace of the Russian fleet - and beautiful photos of the city. It also features pictures and biographical information on Russian admirals, a chronology of three centuries of the navy, images and a description of the Russian armoured fleet between 1863 and 1917. It also focuses on the history of the Andreevsky Flag as well as on images and description of modern ships of the Russian navy, including submarines. Apart from the pictorial materials the site includes textual materials covering the history of the Russian navy from Kievan Rus to the Great War (World War I). The 300th anniversary of the Russian fleet is also illustrated here.
This website encourages exploration and understanding of and participation around the collection of Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums (Aberdeen Art Gallery, Aberdeen Maritime Museum, Provost Skene's House and the Tolbooth). A selection of images have been digitized to represent the scope and depth of the collections and arranged in virtual tours, including some of relevance for art history, maritime history, the history of science and industry, archaeology and numismatics. There is also an online catalogue of this selection of objects from the collection of Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums. It is possible to view these objects in various ways: single image with basic cataloguing information; 6 images with a simple caption of the object's title or name; or a list of objects without images. All the images can be enlarged to a full-screen size.
The Aberdeen Built Ships project website provides free access to a detailed database of nearly 3000 ships built in Aberdeen since 1811 and to associated material held in the Aberdeen Maritime Museum. Funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and a Hilda Duthie Bequest, this project by Aberdeen City Council and its museums has created a very well laid out and easy to use website which will be of use to anyone researching Aberdeen history, shipbuilding or genealogy. Ships can be searched for by name, date or type of construction and by keywords. The detailed information about the ships has been taken from Lloyd's Register of Shipping, Aberdeen shipbuilder's lists and from local people and newspapers. The site also includes a history of Aberdeen shipbuilders Russell Hall and Co, Alexander Hall and Sons, John Lewis and Sons, Duthie Shipbuilders and Walter Hood. Digitized images of the ships, including photographs and plans, are available online; users can also purchase these. This is an ongoing project.
This article, taken from the National Maritime Museum Journal for Maritime Research (December 1999), considers the development of new technology in the Ironclad Age (from the mid 19th Century to early 20th Century) relating to hull design (wood to steel), propulsion (sail to steam) and armament (shot to shell), and its impact on sea power and naval operations of the period.
The UK National Archives Accessions to Repositories Web pages list recent manuscript accessions to over 200 national, regional, and university libraries and other repositories throughout the British Isles. The information gathered here is added to the indexes to the National Register of Archives, and used to produce thematic digests. The site warns that not all of the new accessions will yet have been fully catalogued, and researchers should check availability of access with the relevant repository. Accessions may be listed by topic or repository for any given year since the project began in 1994. Topic areas include: literary history; particular regional or community histories; individual trades, crafts, and industries; education; performing arts and cinema; music; religion; sport; military history, maritime history, and transport; women's history, etc. Only headline descriptions of accessions are provided by the site, but these do include names of individuals, the nature of the records provided, and the dates they cover. Unfortunately, no search engine is included that specifically covers the accessions. Nevertheless, this site should still be of interest to researchers, and it fulfils an important role in disseminating information.
This site, about the life of Vice Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson, is written in the first person and is divided into seven sections - my life; my battles; Battle of Copenhagen; my ships; Emma and Horatia; the 1805 Club; and interesting sites. Some of the information has been taken from official accounts and private letters and the text of the original documents has been included. The site has been created and sponsored by the 1805 Club, founded in 1990, which aims to preserve, restore and maintain the monuments and memorials to those who sailed with Horatio Nelson and to the Navy of his time (major projects undertaken are listed); to promote research into the Royal Navy of the Georgian period, especially Nelson; and to organise cultural and historical events. Membership details of the club are provided.
One of a series of Research Guides available on the National Archives website, this information page describes the contents of the Admiralty Index and Digest for the years 1793 to 1974. Particular details are given on the Index and Digest for the period 1793-1913, and on how to use the two sources, using examples. There is also information on special Indexes and Digests for the First and Second World Wars, and a table of abbreviations, as well as further indexes and other means of reference. Collections can be ordered online which will greatly help researchers; however, precise archival information is not available at the file or individual piece level.
This website contains two databases covering the Royal Navy officers who fought in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars 1793-1815,(containing the names of more than 11,000 commissioned officers who served in the Royal Navy from 1787 onwards, up to those who entered the service before 1817) and the seamen and marines who fought at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The Roll contains the names and details of over 21,750 men who were on the musters of the ships on the British side on 21st Oct 1805. Details recorded include the ship on which they served, their rank or rating and in most cases their age and place of birth. The Navy List contains the names of more than 11,000 commissioned officers who served in the Royal Navy from 1787 onwards, up to those who entered the service before 1817. The website also contains information about a developing database, Sons and Daughters of Trafalgar; a series of articles; and contemporary accounts of the Age of Nelson.
This is the website of the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm. Information on the site includes a brief description of the role of aircrewmen and some of the honours received; current information about squadron activity; a photo archive, and images of Royal Naval helicopters.
'Airminded: airpower and British society, 1908-1941' is an active scholarly weblog that examines the representation of airpower in Britain. The weblog is written by Brett Holman, a PhD researcher at the School of Historical Studies, University of Melbourne. Weblog postings are referenced, using footnotes, and many postings are very well illustrated with old posters and adverts that employ the theme. The website is searchable by keyword. Also available is a "partial and preliminary" bibliography, and the author provides a useful online timeline/gazetteer titled 'Scareships: the British phantom airship scares, 1909-1913'.
The website "AjaxNetPhoto Image Archive" is a large collection of images concerning maritime history, whose gathering begun in 1970 as a service for publishers. The image archive belongs the the Ajax News and Feature Agency and is organised into: maritime archives; general archives; paintings and illustrations; and an exclusive showcase. It also has a section with recent postings. This collection is one of the most comprehensive historical archives of maritime related material with images dating from 1858 to the present. Each section has subsequent subsections. The image collection can be searched on the website. The agency has a 100,000 analogue collection of which nearly 4,000 are now available to view in a searchable database. Users may register for free on the website, thus being able to create their own albums and save their searches. Images are watermarked. Different sizes of prints can be ordered from this site. It is a valuable image databank for British maritime history and transport history.
Situated in Southwold, Suffolk, the Alfred Corry Museum is housed in the old Cromer Lifeboat shed. It provides a history of the Alfred Corry, a lifeboat built in Great Yarmouth in 1893. The site contains information about the museum, the lifeboat and the Cromer Lifeboat Shed.
The website United States Merchant Marine (covering U.S. Maritime Service, Army Transport Service, Military Sea Transportation Service, and Military Sealift Command) focuses principally on World War Two, though there are articles covering mariners of other wars, such as the American War of Independence, the Spanish-American, the Korean, and the Vietnam Wars. Articles on the website include FAQs; tracing ship histories and mariner's service records; the US maritime service; merchant marine organisations; and subjects related to the Second World War. The website was created by the U.S. Maritime Service Veterans association.
The American Neptune is a quarterly journal published through the Peabody Essex Museum. It contains accounts of ships, the seas, and those who've sailed them - for mercantile gain, defending their nation's interest, or the love of voyaging and exploration. They cover a wide range of subject matter (objects, people, events), geographical areas (international as well as American) and eras (millenia ago through today) and are for scholars, professionals and enthusiasts. Information is included on subscribing to the journal, as well links to a sample issue and article.
This Web site catalogues documents, photographs and reports related to the sinking of the the ocean liner T/N Andrea Doria on 25 July 1956. This accident, the result of a collision with another ship, the MV Stockholm, took place near Nantucket, Massachusetts. The site was constructed by one of the survivors, Anthony Grillo; in the wake of his death in 2004, his brother, Vivian Grillo, has assumed administration of this resource. Pages here include: information about both ships; officers, passengers and crew involved in the rescue; a chronology of events, starting with the Andrea Doria's departure on her ill-fated final voyage from Genoa; photographs from diving expeditions and survivor reunions; newspaper accounts; personal recollections; related projects; and links to other sites about ocean liners. Some of this material is historically valuable and poignant enough to serve as a good starting point for research or teaching. Navigation of the site is slightly cumbersome.
This site provides information about the archives located at Anglesey (Ynys Môn) County Record Office along with the services it provides. The archives include the Records of the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen and crew lists for ships registered at Beaumaris. Contact details and opening hours are given. The site is available in English and Welsh.
This website presents a variety of images of antique maps printed from the mid-16th century until 1800, showing the changes brought about by western exploration. It is divided into three categories: Pacific Ocean, Pacific Ocean Islands, and California as an Island. There is a facility to search the site and links to other websites, mostly of antique map dealers.
The APEC Transportation Working Group aims to achieve liberalisation of APEC Transport Systems in order to encourage economic development in the Asia-Pacific region. The APEC Transportation Working Group has three working groups/steering committees focussing on a more competitive transport industry, safe and environmentally friendly transport systems, and human resource development. The website provides information on current projects, and details of future and past meetings.
The website "Archaeology comes to the rescue of a 17th century shipwreck" is an attractive guide to the underwater archaeology of a 17th-century shipwreck on the north coast of the St. Lawrence estuary believed to be part of a fleet commanded by Sir William Phips' on his unsuccessful siege of Québec in 1690 during the intercolonial wars between New England and New France. The Anse aux Bouleaux wreck, named after the cove in which it was found in 1994, is the oldest in Québec and provides a wealth of information about 17th century ship-building in North America, as well as casting light on the day-to-day lives of mariners and soldiers in this period. The English and French language resource provides an account of the excavation from 1995 to 1997 together with information on the many artefacts recovered and their scientific conservation, key bibliographic references and a photo album. Some information is only available in French, such as the database of the artifacts.There is also an interactive didactic game for younger visitors which demonstrates the principles of underwater excavation. This website will benefit undergraduates and researchers in historic and maritime archaeology and provides much practical information on underwater techniques as well as the wider interpretative issues. It will also interest historians studying the colonial and military history of North American in the 17th century.
This webpage describes the University of Teesside’s archives and special collections. These comprise three main collections: the European Green Archive, covering the activities of the Green Party from 1972 to the present, and including policy documents, conference proceedings, press, minutes, manifestos and campaigns; the HMS Trincomalee Trust Archive of material relating to the reconstructed 1817 Royal Navy Frigate, including accounts, minutes, technical schematics, prints, drawings and original artefacts from the ship; and the Wally K Daly Archive of Daly’s short stories, radio plays, contributions to TV series such as Juliet Bravo, Casualty and Byker Grove, photographs and ephemera. The webpage includes information on accessing this material.
Art and War is a site maintained by the Canadian War Museum. The site includes information on the three war art collections held in the Museum: the Canadian War Memorials of the First World War (1914-1918); the Canadian War Records of the Second World War (1939-1945); and the post-war Canadian Armed Forces Civilian Artist Program (1968-1995). The Museum's war art collections have no permanent exhibition space and some pieces have not been exhibited since the 1920s. Thus, this site offers an unusual opportunity to see rarely-shown artworks; they are posted in five virtual exhibitions here: Canadian Wartime Propaganda; Australia, Britain, and Canada in the Second World War; Masterpieces from the Canadian War Museum; Military Munnings; and Second World War: Canada's War Artists Perspective. Of particular note here are impressionist paintings from the Great War made by future members of the Group of Seven and their contemporaries. Paintings and posters are intermingled with photographs and augmented by well-written historical commentary. A subsite documents the design and construction of the Canadian war memorial at Vimy Ridge. There is also information on women artists and the British war art program.
Navigation is acceptable; however, the fact that images cannot be enlarged to a higher resolution diminishes the accessibility and quality of the pictures on the site. The site is available in English and French.
Art of the First World War is the website of an exhibition of the same title held in France in 1998 under the patronage of UNESCO, commemorating the 80th anniversary of the Armistice of 11 November 1918. One hundred and ten paintings of 54 European artists from both sides were included, recording the First World War as war artists, soldiers, sailors, and pilots, brought together by the major history museums of Europe. The site includes a foreword detailing the effect of war on the artists. Art work is categorised as: War Declared; the Fighting Men; the Battlefield; the Age of Artillery; Total War; Suffering, and Death. The site also includes an alphabetical list of painters, and links to the museums and galleries involved. French and German versions of the site are available, as well as English.
Asia rising : Japanese postcards of the Russo-Japanese war (1904-05) is an online exhibition of postcards from the Leonard A. Lauder Collection of Japanese Postcards at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. It is one of the units in MIT's Visualizing Cultures online project, which combine scholarly commentary with images to present social and cultural history in a very accessible but authoritative way. A long essay by American historian John W. Dower examines the war and its representation in postcards, images of which are embedded in the text. The Visual Narratives section presents much larger images of these postcards in thematic extracts from the essay, allowing details to be examined. The Curriculum section presents a short course on visual literacy, based on this unit and another from the project, with versions for teachers and students. Some features of the site are still under construction, but there is already much of value and interest here.
The Little Ships were privately owned crafts, which operated off the Dunkirk beaches, and the harbour between the 28th May and the 4th June 1940, evacuating no less than 338,000 stranded British and French troops with the assistance of Naval and Merchant Marine. To qualify for full membership of the Association a person needs to be the current owner of a proven Dunkirk Little Ship. Currently there are over 150 members. The last time members made the return trip to Dunkirk was on June 2nd 2000 and the next trip is planned for May 2005. There is a list of the known ships involved. Other topics covered include future events where there will be an official presence of Little Ships, Dunkirk Little Ships for sale, and missing and unfound ships. There are links to the 1940 Dunkirk Veterans' Association and the Dunkirk Little Ships Restoration Trust. Frames are used.
The Association was formed by a group of serving and retired keepers. Their aims are to forge links with other lighthouse associations, to act as an information exchange, to expand the growing archive on lighthouse-related material, and in the long term, to establish a museum/study centre to promote the growing interest in pharology. The pages includes membership details; headlines from their quarterly journal, `Lamp' back to 1998; events, meetings and lighthouse museums open to the public in Britain; and links to related sites.
This website provides information on ARNO, a Charitable Trust and a Social Fellowship for Serving and Retired Commissioned Officers of the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines, the Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service, the former Women's Royal Naval Service, and their Reserves. As well as information on the charitable trust, and the separate membership association, there is a notice board and news and enquiry sections. There is also a members only section, requiring membership of ARNO to enter.
The Association of Sea Training Organisations (ASTO) is an `umbrella' association, which exists to represent the major sail training schemes in Great Britain where central representation is needed. For example it has played a part in advising the Government's Maritime and Coastguard Agency in the production of Codes of Practice for sailing vessels...It can advise on, and provide opportunities for, discussion of training and safety matters. Their bursary scheme has helped young people who otherwise were unable to find the voyage fee, to sail on a member's vessel. Also contained here is a list of member organisations, including the name and type of vessel/s they own, cruises they offer, age range of people they take, and any further details of the service they offer. There are links to other sailing related websites.
The Association of Wrens was Formed in 1920 to maintain the esprit de corps of the Wrens (Women's Royal Naval Service) who served during the First World War. The Association is based in the UK and membership is open to retired members of the WRNS, WRNR, QARNNS, VAD and to women who have served, or are serving, in the Royal Navy and Royal Naval Reserve. The site includes a list of the Association's branches (including overseas branches), members' stories and details of events. There are also links to sites of related interest.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum, is part of a series intended to help people wishing to carry out their own research. The guide outlines the Atlas Collection of bound volumes of charts, maps and sailing directions held by the Hydrography Section of the Museum. Information on visiting the Museum's Library is included.
The website "Auckland Area Passenger Vessels, 1883-1886" is an online database created by the Auckland City Libraries. It provides details of passenger vessels arriving in the Auckland area during the 19th century. The database can be searched by vessel, captain, port of arrival, port of departure, and date of arrival or departure. Each record contains information on the vessel's name, captain's name, the ships tonnage, port of origin, vessel type and the newspaper the information was taken from. The database covers the years 1838-1886, and includes vessels from across the world, including Australia, the USA, Britain and neighbouring Pacific islands.
The Australian War Memorial is an ongoing project aiming to provide a memorial to wars in which Australians fought. The site includes information on the memorial; Australian military history; research and family history; biographical databases (produced from names and associated information based on records in the Australian War Memorial collections); and collection databases.
The Avalon Project aims to provide access to documents relating to law, history, economics, politics, diplomacy and government over the World Wide Web. The Avalon Project website has a clear structure to it making it straightforward to search. It is possible to search by keyword or to search the site by category. The categories available for browsing include: by date (Pre-18th century, 18th century, 19th century, 20th century), authors, major document collections, subject, titles, bibliography of sources and common names of diplomatic documents. The source of each document is clearly stated. The project aims to include links internally within the documents, and also to other sources, in order to aid navigation and facilitate study. A huge range of documents are available from this site and they are easy to locate making it a valuable resource for primary sources. An example of the documents include 'Cape Spartel Lighthouse: May 31, 1865 (Convention Between the United States, Austria, Belgium, Spain, France, Great Britain, Italy, The Netherlands, Portugal, and Sweden on the One Part, and The Sultan of Morocco on the Other Part, Concerning the Administration and Upholding of the Light-House at Cape Spartel)'. This is the full text of a convention between the Sultanate of Morocco and ten other governments with maritime interests. The convention is an agreement to provide the facilities to assure the safety of navigation along the coasts of Morocco through the maintenance of the lighthouse at Cape Spartel. Although the lighthouse was built by the Sultan of Morocco, the maintenance and administration of the lighthouse is being passed to the other signatories on the basis that Morocco had no merchant or naval marine. The convention was to last for ten years initially, then be maintained on a yearly basis until one of the signatories, by declaration, bring it to a close. The document was signed at Tangier on 31st May 1865.
This is the website of an international cooperation project initiated by the National Archives of Netherlands with the aim of collecting a guide to all archival material relevant to the history of the Baltic Sea, the trade in the Baltic and relations between the countries around this sea. The result is a comprehensive database with over 900 descriptions of archival items from 10 countries, which can be searched free of charge on the site. The topics covered by the database include: shipping and maritime sectors; merchants and merchant houses; transaction costs; trade regulations and diplomacy; and spin-off effects. The "exhibition" contains the most interesting documents posted online from the archive of each participant country. A thorough history of the Baltic Sea trade between 1450 and 1800 by Hanno Brand from Groningen University is a useful overview of the topic. The "other research" section introduces scholars with interests in relevant subjects and invites further submissions of papers. This is an excellent site, beautifully designed and easy to navigate.
The Picton Castle is a Canadian based reconstructed tall ship which is currently on a world-wide voyage visiting 47 ports in 22 countries. A sail-training programme is offered and those interested can join different legs of the fee-based trip. An itinerary of the trip is outlined. Included on the site is a ship's log of the trip and articles from other participants; a map showing the ship's current location. There is also the Worldwise section with related lesson plans for teachers on exploring the ocean realm and environmental investigations; an accompanied book list for children; and links to other websites.
This website was created by Peter Milford of St.Vincent College, Gosport to commemorate the bi-centenary of the Battle of Cape St. Vincent, one of the Royal Navy's greatest victories. The two main sections of site look at the battle itself and the key people involved. At the Battle of Cape St. Vincent in 1797, a British naval squadron under the command of Admiral Sir John Jervis defeated a numerically superior Spanish fleet. Horatio Nelson played a key role in the battle, disobeying orders in a successful attempt to disrupt the movements of the Spanish ships. The battle section of the website gives background information, key moments, the lines of battle, and Nelson's decisive action of engaging the enemy at close quarters. Additional information includes: for the Royal Navy, a list of the ships, the number of guns, the Admiral/Captain, and the number of casualties; for the Spanish Navy, the name of the ship and the number of guns; a list of the Royal Navy officers either killed and wounded; and the aftermath of battle. The section on people looks at: Admiral Sir John Jervis; Commodore Horatio Nelson; Captain Cuthbert Collingwood; Captain George Cockburn; Captain Thomas Foley; Commander Edward Berry; Lieutenant Thomas Hardy; and others. There are links to the Flagship Portsmouth attractions, including a virtual tour of the extant ship of the line that fought at Cape St. Vincent, the HMS Victory, currently anchored in Portsmouth. The site includes a selection of images such as battle scenes and portraits.
Battle of Jutland : 31st May 1916 is an online collection of resources on the World War I Battle of Jutland. Its most substantial resource is a short ebook 'Jutland : battle-fleet action from the foretop of H.M.S. Neptune' by the website's author Mark Davies. Also included are: a background to the battle; short biographies of the admirals involved; a comparison of the fleets; maps illustrating the action; discussions of short- and long-term consequences; and an image gallery. This is an enthusiast's site which does necessarily go into great depth, but does provide a useful introduction to the battle for a range of students from school age to higher education.
The website Battle of the Atlantic is an online exhibition published by the Mariners' Museum (Newport News). The exhibition explores the events that took place in the Atlantic during the Second World War, and the tactics the Allies employed in their naval campaign. Using a range of multimedia, including images, documents, audio files and PDF, the presentation covers topics such as convoys, Anglo-American cooperation, special intelligence, the Enigma code, and the Drumbeat crisis. There are a couple of interactive resources, including a virtual Enigma feature. Also featured on the site are highlight tours of content, and a bibliography of further reading.
This is an online exhibition from the Imperial War Museum, London, focusing on the conflict at sea on 6 March 1941, between Allied merchant ships and their escorts and German U-boats, christened the Battle of the Atlantic by Winston Churchill. The site is divided into the following information: a history of the Campaign; the roles of the Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, United States Navy, and German Navy; Intelligence, relating to Enigma; the effect of Air Power; the role of the Convoys and of Merchant shipping; and an overview of the Battle of the Atlantic. The site contains thumbnail images of contemporary photographs.
This online resource from the Merseyside Maritime Museum focuses on the Battle of the Atlantic of World War Two, in relation to the role of Britain's Merchant Navy. Information on the site is contained in the following sections: the Merchant Navy: Britain's lifeline; the German threat; Defending the Line; Liverpool and the Battle of the Atlantic; Back from the Brink; and the Cost of the Battle.
The Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence saw German U-boats penetrate the Cabot Strait and the Strait of Belle Isle off Canada to sink 23 ships between 1942 and 1944. Large amounts of supplies came through the Gulf on their way to Britain and so it was vital that the U-Boats were repelled and the shipping came through unscathed. The site contains photos, accounts, statistics and a list of ships that were sunk.
The battleship 'Massachusetts' is based in Battleship Cove and home to the USS 'Massachusetts' battleship BB59. The Museum also has USS 'Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.' destroyer DD850, USS 'Lionfish' submarine SS298 and the torpedo boats PT 796 and PT 617. Users can access both historical and statistical information about these on the site, in addition to facts about a Japanese Suicide Attack Boat, a Bell UH-1M Iroquois Helicopter and a Russian Missile Corvette 'Hiddensee'. Details of museum admission rates and times are included.
The purpose of the Society is to assist and support the battleship 'New Jersey' in the territorial waters of the State of New Jersey, and to support, establish and maintain the Museum, Educational and Veterans' Memorial Centers and support the daily operation of the battleship 'New Jersey, BB-62'. The website provides historical information (including a dictionary of American naval fighting ships entry for BB-62, dates in the history of the 'New Jersey', Commanding Officers of the ship, and statistics of the Virginia class BBs), photos of the 'New Jersey', details for membership and the USS 'New Jersey' Veterans' group and links.
Battleship North Carolina is a preserved World War II vessel serving as her state's World War II memorial and a museum interpreting the history of all ships named North Carolina. The website includes: visitor information; a history of battleships from 1824; current projects such as the process of laying a new teak deck; a history of the battleship and her involvement in World War II; upcoming events; affiliated organisations; teacher resources; and a search facility.
The Battleship Page focuses on US Navy battleships of the Iowa class, and their histories. The site includes articles on the Iowa class, historic American battleships and sea battles, with links to a WW2 logbook, ship plans, drawings, and photos, weaponry, naval aviation and museum ships.
This BBC History website recounts Captain Cook's historic voyages aboard the Endeavour. In 1768, James Cook undertook the first of three voyages to the Pacific, surveying New Zealand, modern Australia (where he named Botany Bay), Tahiti, and Hawaii. His second voyage (1773) made him the first Britain to chart Antarctica, and his third (1778/9) led him to discover and name island groups in the South Pacific, such as the Sandwich Islands. On 14 February 1779, Cook was killed on Hawaii. The website includes in-depth articles about Cook, his voyages, and about his scientific exploration. Of general interest are multimedia features such as a VRML virtual tour of the Endeavour, as well as timelines and short biographies of James Cook and Joseph Banks.
This is the main page of the BBC History website's section on the rise of the British Empire and the progress that was made in sea power in the 18th and early 19th centuries. The site offers an overview of the period 1714-1837, plus a range of articles on topics such as: Horatio Nelson and Trafalgar; Wellington and Waterloo; Empire and industry; slavery; and the voyages of Captain Cook. These are supplemented by image galleries and interactive learning activities. Links to other relevant Web resources are also provided: a short list is given at the bottom of the main page, with longer selections alongside individual articles within the section. This resource is perhaps best suited to those wanting a general overview of the subject (new undergraduates, for example, or those teaching introductory courses), although some sections do contain articles by eminent scholars. The site is attractively presented and easy to use.
Part of the BBCi History World War Two website, Voices of Dunkirk contains audio recordings of six survivors of the Dunkirk evacuation, which took place in early May 1940. Real Player is required to hear the recordings, of which some are in French; but it is also possible to read transcripts of the survivors' experiences, and these are available in English.
Part of the BBC History website, the "BBC British History in depth: Armada Gallery" section focuses on the relationship between 16th Century Spain and England at the time of the Armada. Information is contained within the following sections: contrasting kingdoms; propaganda wars; ship design; orders and preparations; the Battle of Gravelines; homeward bound; truth versus fiction; and treasure of the Girona. The texts of these subsections are brief but very informative. Further reading is suggested under the "Find out more" link.
Part of the The Beacon, Whitehaven, the aim of the Museum is to explore and to illustrate the history and the development of Copeland. This includes the maritime history of the area, such as ordinary sailors lives, the sugar, rum and slave trades and the lucrative business of smuggling. Visitor information is included.
This site was created by the National Archives of Australia in order to outline its 2004 touring exhibition 'Beacons by the Sea'. The website discusses how the Beacons exhibition is dedicated to lighthouses, exploring various roles of the lighthouse, from a means to guide ships, to the importance of the lighthouse in the unification of Australia under federation. There is a link from the site to architectural drawings and photographs of lighthouses. Educational resources relating to lighthouses are also available to aid teachers and others studying them. There is much information about the materials that are included in the touring exhibition, for example, logbooks, film and oral histories and paintings and engravings.
Bedford Lemere Collection : National Maritime Museum is an online collection of over 500 photographs of ocean liners taken between 1891 and 1919. Taken by Bedford Lemere & Co., a company of architectural photographers active from the late 1860s to the 1940s, the collection covers the interiors and exteriors of 35 liners. The images were digitised from 12 x 10 inch glass plate negatives which were taken with small apertures and long exposures to allow their subjects to be captured in fine detail. Each image is accompanied by metadata detailing its provenance and describing its contents, and is available in a number of resolutions. The collection's metadata may also be searched by keyword by using the advanced search facility for all the museum's collections and limiting the search by choosing the relevant option under 'Themes and special collections'. This site will be of interest to researchers in: maritime history; design history; and the history of photography.
This website contains details of the Belfast Titanic Society (incorporating the Ulster Titanic Society). The aim of the Belfast Titanic Society is to research RMS Titanic, her sister ships, the White Star Line, and also the development of the Harland and Wolff shipyard. Information on the website includes details on Society membership and meetings. The Society publishes a magazine with special interest pieces, and subscription instructions are posted online. The site also provides details on local people who were involved in the voyage of the Titanic, as well as photographs and videos from 1912 and the present day of the dock where the Titanic was built. The site will prove informative for teachers and students who are interested in the infrastructure that surrounded the building of the Titanic, that is, in the urban history of Belfast, and the social and economic history associated with the Harland and Wolff Shipyard in Belfast, once the largest shipyard in the world at the turn of the last century. Short historical essays and images provide an introduction to these themes. An online education pack is offered for free download for primary school teachers.
The site contains further details about the history of the area going back to the 16th century; the work involved in the construction of the lighthouse; the builders themselves; a biography of Captain David Taylor, another prominent figure in the building of the lighthouse; a list of lighthouse keepers from 1811 until 1988 (when the lighthouse was automated); internal views of the lighthouse, including modern renovations and maintenance; and a history of the nearby town of Arbroath. A links list is posted. The site is maintained by a descendant of Captain David Taylor.
BIShip focuses on all subjects connected with the shipping company British India Steam Navigation, or BI as it is most often known. BI was formed in 1856 and remained one of the largest companies in the British mercantile marine until it was finally entirely absorbed into P&O in 1972. The website includes information about BI and its fleet, from the mid-19th Century to 1972, including names of ships and dates of service; a bibliography; history of the company; BI livery and insignia; events; songs and verses; paintings; and links to sites of further interest. The website is also is a contact point for former BI staff, with reunion details.
'Black Ships & Samurai: Commodore Perry and the Opening of Japan (1853-1854)' is an online exhibition, published by MIT in 2004, part of the Institute's 'Visualising Cultures' initiative. The exhibition focuses on the visual representations of "a pivotal moment in the modern encounter between 'East' and 'West'", and on the people involved. The core exhibit is an extensive and profusely illustrated essay by John W. Dower (also available as a printable PDF file), which has the same title as the website. Also available is a large online gallery "Facing East: the great encounter through American eyes". A Quicktime movie shows the 30-foot long "Black Ship Scroll" (1854), and a further gallery of Quicktime movies focuses on details within this scroll. There is a full database of images, searchable by keyword, title and medium.
The Blue Star Line was founded in 1911 by the Vestey family to carry their chilled beef from Argentina and other South American countries, where they had large cattle ranches and freezer works. This website gives a brief history of the company and details of ships with photographs.
The Trust is a volunteer organisation established to preserve and operate Bluenose II, a fishing and racing schooner, for the people of Nova Scotia, Canada. The purpose of the Trust is to preserve the schooner and ensure that the legacies of traditional seamanship skills and the craft of building great wooden ships are maintained. The website includes news items, current sailing schedules, the ship's specifications, frequently asked questions, history of Bluenose II and the original Bluenose, a picture gallery of photographic images, and nautical facts.
This site, which is maintained by an enthusiast, is about the fishing industry of Fleetwood and the men, boats and companies that operated it. It includes historic photographs; information about the Fleetwood Welcome Home Monument; lists of Fleetwood trawlers, including smacks, nobbies, steam trawlers and motor vessels; a history of the fishing industry in Fleetwood and the inshore fleet; details of Fleetwood's lifeboats, past and present; lists of skippers; and information about lost vessels.
This is the website of the Bournemouth University English Channel project. This project aims to examine the formation and subsequent evolution of the English Channel (12000 BC to AD 1500) and its impact upon settlement and society. One main question is whether any areas survive underwater as a result of the Channel's expansion that, being unaffected by more recent land-uses, may preserve evidence of post-glacial settlement. A GIS model of the Channel's basin will be used to visualize the topography of submerged areas, to which a database of archaeological sites will be linked. Extensive bibliographies on coastal and sea-level change, the English Channel and its Islands, GIS topics, wrecks and boats and various archaeological sites are provided.
The website 'Breaking the Silence: Learning about the Transatlantic Trade' is an educational resource focusing on the transatlantic slave trade, organised into themes ranging from Africa from before the transatlantic slave trade and participants and profitability, to the legacies in contemporary society and the continuing battle against modern-day 'slavery'. The site is a joint initiative between UNESCO, Anti-Slavery International, the British Council and the Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation (NORAD).
The Britannia Naval Research Association (BNRA) is an independent body dedicated to preserving, promoting and researching Britain's naval heritage. A key aim of the association is to `investigate and discover new information and document relevant aspects of naval history, artefacts and heritage'. The BNRA holds an annual Oxford Naval Symposium and publishes a quarterly journal. The site gives details of the contents of past journals and also about the projects that the association is involved with. It gives information on membership and provides a list of BNRA events and a page of relevant links.
British Battles is an exhibition at The National Archives. This website uses military and historical documents held at the Public Record Office to explore the issues of how and why Britain was at war. It provides access to information on the causes, nature and consequences of four important British battles: the Crimea (1854), Egypt (1882), D-Day landings and the Second World War (1944) and the Korean War (1951). Each section includes analysis of the conflict plus access to digitised images of primary source documents from the Public Record Office collections. These include: government papers, original letters, articles and eye-witness accounts. Film and video footage of the conflicts is also accessible. The website also includes a section which provides details for members of the public on how to trace British military service records at The National Archives.
The Eighteenth Century Maritime World is a selection of lecture notes and supporting links for a class held at the University of Alberta: The purpose of the lecture is to introduce the history of European expansion in the eighteenth century, including its political and economic motivations. The lecture focuses on two questions: Why did Europe, rather than another region of the world, make a global maritime impact? and Why did Britain become Europe's leading maritime power? The site includes information on the history of European expansion including political and economic motivations, and the question of why Britain dominated the second age of discovery. There is also information on the discovery of Australia by the Dutch, and the history of the East India Company and its role in exploration.
The website 'British History in-depth' is the main page of the BBC History site that relates to British history. The site is divided into sections focusing on the following time periods and themes: the Normans; the middle ages; the Tudors; Civil War and revolution; Empire and sea power; Abolition of the Slave Trade; the Victorians; life on the home front during the First and Second World War and modern Britain. Each section contains a range of articles, supplemented by image galleries and interactive learning activities. Links to other relevant Web resources are also provided, both within the BBC website and elsewhere, including timelines and message boards. Although the site is best suited to those wanting a general overview of the subjects covered (perhaps new undergraduates, or those teaching introductory courses), some sections contain articles by eminent scholars which may be of interest to more advanced students. The site is attractively presented and easy to use.
The website 'British History in-depth: Normans' is the main page of the BBC History website's section on the Normans, offering a useful and attractively illustrated introduction to this crucial period of British history. Starting with an overview of the period 1066 to 1154, there are also articles on the background to and consequences of the Norman conquest; 1066 and the Battle of Hastings; the Domesday book; Norman art and architecture, including castles, cathedrals and the Bayeux Tapestry. These are supplemented by image galleries and interactive learning activities. This resource is perhaps best suited to those wanting a general overview of the subject (new undergraduates or those teaching introductory courses), although some sections do contain articles by eminent scholars which can be printed off for ease of use. The site is attractively presented and simply laid out. Links to other relevant Web resources are also provided: a short list is given at the bottom of the main page, with longer selections alongside individual articles within the section. There is also a timeline and message boards.
These Web pages from the Imperial War Museum' Collections (Exhibits and Firearms) provides an in-depth look at the four most common British service medals from the First World War. These medals will be familiar to genealogists and others researching family history, as well as those interested in military history. There is an overview of the medals awarded to British and Commonwealth servicemen and servicewomen. General service during the World War I was recognised by the issue of the 1914 Star (or the 1914-15 Star if appropriate), the British War Medal 1914-1920 and the Victory Medal 1914-1919. This trio of awards became popularly known as "Pip, Squeak and Wifred" from the character names of a contemporary newspaper cartoon. By clicking on the image of each of the four medals in the "trio" detailed information is displayed, including: history; description; eligibility (the services are listed here); as well as links to further information.
The website of the Brixham Heritage Museum and History Society aims to raise awareness of the rich heritage of the historic town and fishing port of Brixham. The site provides information on the Museum's collections. The Maritime archive celebrates Brixham's sea-faring past, with displays covering shipbuilding; sailmaking; navigation; Berry Head Napoleonic forts; customs; smuggling; and models of famous local vessels. The Museum includes a reconstruction of a room in a fisherman's cottage. The site includes a list of some of the photographs from the museum's collection arranged thematically; visitor information; and links to related sites. There are transcriptions from documents dating from the fourteenth century onwards, intended for use by family historians.
Broughty Castle houses the Museum, focusing on the life and times of Broughty Ferry, its people, the environment and the wildlife that live close by. The museum has permanent displays of information and artefacts of the local 19th Century fishing industry, Dundee's Arctic whaling story, seashore life, and military history. Visitor information is included.
This official site tells the story of 'the world's first iron-hulled, screw propeller-driven, steam-powered passenger liner.' Built by Isambard Brunel for the Great Western Steam Ship Company, she was launched in 1843 and is now preserved in her original building dock in Bristol, the Great Western Dock. The SS 'Great Britain' Project is a registered charity, and the site includes information on the ship's history, future plans, making a donation, and conservation work.
Created for the 200th anniversary of Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s birth, in 2006 this website acted as a focus for a significant festival celebrating the achievements of this important Victorian engineer. Still live, the website now provides a document of the events that happened, as well as a useful introduction into Brunel’s life and career and surviving relics and locations associated with him. There is also a selection of Brunel-related images, copyright cleared for personal and educational use. As part of the preparations for the event, the website also includes a Word document which surveys the potential for a festival, and incidentally includes a detailed survey of Brunel-related buildings, structures, archives and sites of interest across the South West of England.
Buckler's Hard tells the story of shipbuilding at the village of the same name in the 18th century, where some of the ships of Nelson's fleets were built. Information is provided on the site about some of the warships built for the navies of George II and George III, and the site also contains the history of the shipbuilding village, and some of the shipwrights who worked there. Visitor information is also provided.
This article from the National Maritime Museum's Journal for Maritime Research (June 2001) focuses on the effect of the Anglo-French Naval Wars on current naval thought, as well as the relevance of the Wars. The work of Laughton, Colomb, Luce, Mahan, Stenzel, von Maltzhahn, Corbett, Richmond and Castex are focussed upon.
The Calvert Marine Museum is focused upon the collection, preservation, research and interpretation of the culture and natural history of Southern Maryland. The three themes interpreted in the Museum are: regional Miocene paleontology, estuarine life on the tidal Patuxent River and Chesapeake Bay and the maritime history of these waters. The Museum has a permanent exhibition called Maritime Patuxent: A River and its People and also a temporary gallery which varies from photography exhibitions to topical exhibits. Users can read about the history of the Solomans area, including details of Captain Joshua Barney who led the Chesapeake Flotilla. There are also information pages about small craft and a description of the Museum's 15 aquariums which house marine plants and animals. The site includes histories of Cove Point Lighthouse and of Drum Point Lighthouse; Editions of the Museum's quarterly newsletter, Bugeye Times are available on the site, containing articles relating to the Museum's interests.
The Canadian Genealogy Centre Military Web pages are part of Library and Archives Canada (LAC). These pages link to both online resources (internal and external) and to information on LAC holdings of use for tracing ancestors who were active in the Canadian and other military forces. The links and advice for family historians are divided into topics that include: the French Regime; British forces; Loyalists; First World War; Canadian forces after 1918; military medals; war diaries; and war graves. LAC holds many varied resources for genealogists, such as: officer lists; letters; Canadian military personnel records; and medal registers. The information given in relation to these holdings includes: how to access the material; how to read the various types of document; and samples of each type of document. This is a good, comprehensive guide to the types of information available to family or military historians looking at Canada.
This massive database and reference website enables one to research Canadians who participated in the Great War, perhaps the first place to begin any serious research. The website is very extensive and there are over 73,000 records of individual soldiers in the database. Not all entries have full details but these are being built up soldier-by-soldier. In addition, there is now a section which facilitates the access and reading of many of the digitised Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) war diaries, and now also a section of British Expeditionary Force (BEF) war diaries. The website, moreover, provides a wealth of information on Canada's role during the First World War - including maps of battles, timelines of events, and a number of essays and articles. This website will be of invaluable use to those interested in Canadian military history, the history of the First World War, and possibly also as a family history/genealogy research tool.
The Society publishes the quarterly journal The Northern Mariner/Le Marin du nord (covering all aspects of the North Atlantic and North Pacific), and a quarterly newsletter Argonauta. They also hold annual conferences. Included on the website are details of the Society's work, a list of council members and a contact address. The site is available in English and French.
This is the website of the Canadian Navy, and includes profiles of naval personnel and job descriptions; information on the fleet and naval life; operations and exercises, and a news and information section. There is also a youth section and an image gallery. The site is available in English and French.
This website provides information about privateers and privateering in Canada. The site focuses primarily on Nova Scotia during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, although it does contextualise practices to some extent. It features a list of people known to have been involved with Canadian privateering from 1793 to 1805, with information about the ships they sailed in. There is also a longer (though less detailed) list of Canadian privateer vessels from 1690 to 1815. The text of a logbook is reproduced on the site, detailing a six month privateering voyage in the West Indies from November 1799 to June 1800. Various other primary documents have also been transcribed, such as: a privateering advertisement from 1779; a 1798 cruise report from the privateer ship Charles Mary Wentworth; a letter describing a privateer chase by the ship Duke of Kent in 1799; and the 1813 Letter of Marque from the Liverpool Packet. There is a frequently asked questions section, and a do-it-yourself letter of marque for those wishing to pretend they have been offered a privateering contract by George III.
Canadian war artists is a virtual exhibition of Canvas of War, an exhibition held of war art from official Canadian Art programmes of the First and Second World Wars. The site has links to the work of the artists, with quotes, the history of the war art programmes in Canada, and Canadian participation in both wars, and the development of WWI and WWII. There are also links to maps, artist biographies, the effect of the wars on Canadian art, and links to a list of the artists, and the Canadian War Museum.
Created by the Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation (CMCC) in association with the Hudson's Bay Company, this Web site describes the history of the Montreal Canoe, the largest birchbark vessel ever used in Canada. The site examines the origins of the Montreal Canoe with reference to aboriginal canoe styles. It also discusses the canoe travels of Sir George Simpson (1786-1860), who was the Governor-in-Chief of the Hudson's Bay Company from 1821 to 1860. In 1830, he was accompanied on a journey by his wife, Lady Frances Simpson (1812-1853), who with her companion Catherine Turner, in 1830 became the "first British women ever to travel by canoe from Lachine (Quebec) to York Factory (Manitoba) on Hudson's Bay." The site also describes a regatta in Ottawa in 1860 involving canoes and other watercraft, which was attended by Edward, Prince of Wales. With scanned images from the Museum's and Hudson's Bay Company collections, as well as photographs of replicas and images of historic paintings, the site elaborates upon this method of colonial travel, how voyageurs portaged trade goods along with their goods, and the specific nature of those goods as the life blood of a fur-trade-based early Canadian economy. The site is also available in French. These pages should prove a useful resource for teachers and students, as well as interested members of the general public.
The Canonesa, Convoy HX72 and U-100 website is a presentation describing the events and background to the attack on Allied Convoy HX72 by German U-boats and the sinking of the steamer Canonesa in September 1940 by U-100. The site includes eye-witness accounts, British and German official archive material, further reading, and a list of contacts/resources for researching the Battle of the Atlantic during the Second World War. The site, written by Tom Purnell, was constructed partly as a tribute to his grandfather who died as a result of the sinking of SS Canonesa, and for the allied merchant seamen in the World War II. There is a German translation of the site description, and the left navigation bar. There are acknowledgements to the creators of the online resource uboat.net for some photographs and the translation of the logbooks of the U-boats involved in the attacks on this convoy. There are a small number of advertisements - including ones from Web directories that have written complimentary reviews for the site, such as Yahoo (Pick of the Week), BBC Education and Open Directory.
This website provides an extensive online gallery of paintings in the collection of the Canadian War Museum, depicting scenes and portraits from the Canadian War Museum. The site includes an Introduction; Treasures, containing paintings of battles of the First World War and the Second World War and eye witness accounts; the Vimy Memorial; background information to the involvement of Canada in these wars, including chronologies and maps; information on the Battle of the Atlantic and Normandy Landings during the Second World War; and an Epilogue of late 20th Century Canadian war art. A large number of images are provided covering many different styles of painting. Each picture is accompanied by text explaining the subject, artist, and context. The background to the official Canadian Art Programmes for both wars is also discussed. The materials at the site may be reproduced for non-commercial use. Featured artists include: Fred Varley; Alfred Bastien; A.Y. Jackson; Arthur Lismer; Maurice Cullen; Richard Jack; Alfred Munnings; Alex Colville; Lawren P. Harris; and several others.The site includes a search engine and links to related activities and products, and a list of the artists involved in the exhibition.
'Captain Cook: voyages of discovery' is a website about the three expeditions of the explorer Captain James Cook (1728-1779). The site forms part of the Hunterian Museum of the University of Glasgow, and the accounts of Cook's journeys are accompanied by images of some of the artefacts that he collected, which are now on display in the Museum. Cook's first voyage, on the 'Endeavour' lasted from 1768-1771, his second, on the 'Resolution', from 1772 to 1775, and his final voyage, again on the Resolution, left Plymouth in 1776 but was curtailed by Cook's demise at the hands of irate Hawaiians. His travels took in the Islands of Australia, New Zealand, Tonga, the Cook Islands, Tahiti, Hawaii, the New Hebrides, and New Caledonia. Each of the voyages has its own web page with an interactive map of the route taken. Clicking on an island brings up a short account of Cook's discoveries and reception there. These in turn link to images of artefacts held in the museum's collections. There are also a few web pages that describe eighteenth-century navigation, and the kinds of danger that Cook and his men faced. This is a nicely presented website that gives a good sense of Cook's undertaking and provides a clear, if simple, introduction to his voyages. Hopefully, more artefacts will be added to the site in the future.
The Captain Cook Society website introduces this association which is open to anyone interested in the life and times of the British explorer Captain James Cook (1728-1779), whether professionally or as a hobby. The site contains information about Cook's voyages and subjects related to his discoveries, including botany, zoology, and navigation. The Society publishes a quarterly journal, 'Cook's Log', several of the articles from which may be read for free at the site. Recent sample issues may also be downloaded for free. Many of the engravings made during Cook's voyages are reproduced, along with some paintings by William Hodges. There is information about the ships in which Cook sailed, and a selected bibliography of secondary works. Cook's will, along with the wills of several of his crewmen are also provided.
The research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum, is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. It provides a brief biography of the life and achievements of Captain Cook, and details resources available at the National Maritime Museum and elsewhere. Information for visitors to the Library is included.
This online exhibition, Caribbean Online: Routes to Roots, focuses on archival material related to Caribbean history and politics is from the Commonwealth Institute. The exhibition examines a number of themes in Caribbean history in a broadly chronological sequence, including slavery and abolition, agriculture and trade, the experience of soldiers from the Caribbean in World War One, independence and the development of trade unions and political parties. A highly user-friendly resource, there is a wealth of information on all things Caribbean. A number of images under various different headings can be browsed, along with a bibliography of further reading and a number of links to relevant Web pages.
The website "Caribbean Views: the full collection", which is part of the Online Gallery made available by the British Library, presents digitised images of sources relating to the history of the British West Indies in the 18th and early 19th centuries. The sources have been gathered from the British Library's collections, which are rich in material covering the English slave trade in particular. The image collection includes: views and illustrations; maps; manuscript accounts; and many printed texts. These present a variety of perspectives on life in the Caribbean, including those of British plantation-owners and abolitionists, in addition to the experiences of slaves themselves. The texts include extracts from important documents for the history of slavery, such as: Olaudah Equiano's autobiography; Wedderburn's "The Horrors of Slavery"; Sir Hans Sloane's "Voyages to the Islands"; and many others. This is a rich collection which will be appreciated by all with an interest in the history of the Caribbean and of slavery. It is likely to be particularly useful for school pupils and students. The source material is presented as a list of thumbnail images that can be sorted by date or title. Each image can be clicked to access the item page, which provides: bibliographical detail; a descriptive text; a link to a large version of the item image; and a link to a version of the image with zoom and pan functions. The document images are supplemented by a useful text introduction covering the historical background to the collections. The Online Gallery search function can be used to search this and other collections by keyword.
This page allows the user to obtain all the astronomical information necessary to plot navigational lines of position from observations of the altitudes of celestial bodies. By filling in a form providing date and time of observation and estimated longitude and latitude a table of data is provided giving both almanac data and altitude corrections for each celestial body that is above the horizon at the place and time specified. Data can be produced for any date and time from the year 1700 through to the year 2015. The site is part of the US Naval Oceanography Portal.
The site focuses on information about celestial navigation, the art and science of finding your way by the sun, moon, stars, and planets. The site includes information on the history of celestial navigation; navigational astronomy; the theory and practice of celestial navigation; navigational instruments; and links to sites of further interest.
A Century of Royal Navy Submarines is an online exhibition from the Imperial War Museum which focuses on the progression of the Royal Navy Submarine Service from a force with tiny, slow and unwieldy craft capable of firing a torpedo only a few hundred yards to one with vessels which carry Britain's strategic nuclear deterrent and are able to launch missiles of huge destructive power over thousands of miles. This is a well laid out and detailed resource, which will be useful to anyone interested in the development of submarines and in the history of warfare in the twentieth century. The exhibition traces the development of the submarine in the Royal Navy and its use in warfare through the following sections: The First Boats, First World War, Interwar Years, Second World War, Clandestine Operations, X-Craft and Chariots, Conventional Warfare since 1945, The Nuclear Age, and Operations since 1945. A gallery of images from the Imperial War Museum is also included.
The Champlain Society Digital Collection is published by the University of Toronto Libraries, as part of their digital collections programme. The Champlain Society is an organisation dedicated to Canadian history, and this digital collection makes seventy four of the Society's volumes available online. These deal mainly with the discovery and exploration of Canada, and includes accounts of Samuel de Champlain's voyages in New France as well as the diary from Sir John Franklin's first Arctic land expedition, 1819-22. The database is easy to use, and can either by searched by keyword, or browsed by author, title, or subject. The Society also lists its publications, the most recent of which deal with twentieth century Canadian history. Future publications and recent news from the Society are listed. The site is available in English and French.
Founded in 1961, the Occupation Society studies all aspects of the German military occupation of the British Channel Islands during the Second World War. The site gives a brief history of the Islands' fortifications, including coastal artillery batteries and coastal strongpoints, plus details on the German Naval headquarters, St.Jacques. The Signals Headquarters bunker has been restored by the Society. Many original internal fittings have survived, and the rooms are being re-fitted and equipped to as near original condition as possible. Located on the island of Guernsey, this museum was opened in 1966 and contains artifacts from World War Two. Audio-visual displays in the Occupation Museum website are used to convey the stories and experiences of islanders during the five years of enemy occupation. The Occupation Museum also owns the Naval Occupation Tower at Pleinmont headland and more information about the tower is included. Among the collections there are objects from the Naval Signals Headquarters, St Jacques. There is a history of the headquarters on the site which includes a diagram of its layout. The museum's opening times are provided. The site also contains information on publications, German personnel, and joining the Society and Society publications.
The website of Charlestown's shipwreck and heritage centre provides an interesting and informative introduction into this privately owned maritime museum, which is described as having the largest collection of shipwreck artefacts in the UK. Based at Charlestown, a Cornish fishing port, this heritage centre owns a diverse range of exhibits from the sixteenth century to the present day, from shipwrecks, fishing, lifeboats and diving equipment, to china clay and scrimshaw. Part of the Centre depicts the trade and exports associated with Charlestown, while the shipwreck section shows in photography, wreckage and salvaged cargo some of the shipwrecks from around Britain's coasts. Artefacts include those recovered from HMS 'Ramillies', which sank in 1763. Further displays tell the history of underwater exploration and the saving of life at sea. Visitor information is included. The website is illustrated with many photos and there are special pages of information which is easy to print.
This site contains information on an exhibition tracing the history and development of navigation. The original exhibition was held at the Osher Map Library and Smith Center for Cartographic Education, University of Southern Maine, April 200 to Jan 2001.
The Chatham Dockyard Historical Society is based at the Museum of the Royal Dockyard, Chatham, and is dedicated to upholding the memory of Chatham Dockyard's contribution to serving the Royal Navy over the past four centuries. The site includes information on research papers, the Royal Dockyard Library, research, membership, photographs of items in the Museum, and news.
This website provides information about the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum. It includes information on tours, the history of the Museum, special collections and exhibitions, educational programs, the library and collections, the Museum store and general information about opening hours and contacting the Museum.
This document is part of the Historical Text Archive. The document is a narrative chronological history of the history of Chile from a maritime and naval perspective, and is divided into five chapters. The narrative begins with the various pre-historic `Indian' tribes of Chile, and their relationship with the sea, then moves on to the conquest by Spain, including a section on the movements of English and Dutch pirates along the coast, such as Francis Drake. There are details of the further exploration of Chile, moving on to the fight for independence from Spain, with details of the involvement of Lord Thomas Cochrane, a Royal Navy officer. The history continues through the relations with Peru, the 1891 civil war, the mutiny in 1931, to the present day and the development of the modern navy. There is a detailed bibliography in a separate section. The site contains advertising.
This is the homepage of the Chinese Maritime Customs Project, an AHRC-funded research project based at the University of Bristol which ran from 2003 to 2007. Historians and specialists from Cambridge University and the Second Historical Archives of China also contributed to this effort to understand "British imperial history, and the history of modern globalization in China, by focusing on the role the Chinese Maritime Customs Service and its staff played in these historical processes." The project produced a new catalogue of some 55,000 files in the archives of the Chinese Maritime Customs Service, which are held at the Second Historical Archives at Nanjing. This catalogue is digitised but not publicly available online; the site however, offers a detailed description of the collections and former project members still run searches in the catalogue if researchers contact them directly. Also of note here is an exhibition mounted by project members in 2007 and 2008 of Chinese customs and Sino-British imperial historical photographs run in London, Bath and Durham. Part of this exhibition is described on a subsite, Picturing China, 1870-1950: Photographs from British Collections. The exhibition's companion volume has been published and can be ordered from the site. Many digitised photos and scanned images of these materials also appear online at the linked site, Historical Photographs of China. This latter site results from cooperation between scholars at the University of Bristol, University of Lincoln, and the Institut d'Asie Orientale.
The Chinese Maritime Customs Project has additionally prepared 350 microfilm reels of archival documents on the history of the Chinese Maritime Customs service (the Imperial Maritime Customs service until 1912). The site names researchers and scholars formerly affiliated with the project. There are also links here to related research projects and archival holdings which will be extremely valuable for scholars, including: personal papers of customs officials; data sets on imports and exports created by Professor Thomas Lyons of Cornell University and Professor Hans Van de Ven of Cambridge University; data sets on individuals' customs careers, customs flags and customs medals; published monographs and research handbooks; and Chinese coast family histories. In addition, the site posts downloadable research bibliographies; gives instructions for purchasing occasional papers; requests information from genealogists; and has a discussion board.
This website provides some basic information on the Cinque Ports and old towns near the ports. The site gives some general details of Cinque Ports and then moves on to provide information about Sandwich, Dover, Hythe, New Romney and Hastings in turn. Other sections of the site cover ancient towns, ship money and Cinque port privileges. Some maps are provided showing the location of the ports and the shape of the coast line at points in time since Roman times. Although the information on the site is very basic it does provide a clear general introduction to the Cinque Ports.
CityArk is a searchable database of the Medway Council Archives. Aimed at researchers, genealogists, teachers and students, and the general public alike, the site offers piece-level descriptions in its database and additionally has online image and film databases of the archive's more popular materials. Along with an excellent document gallery, these are real highlights that set the site apart from other local archival homepages and visitors should not forego looking at these sections.
The oldest materials preserved by the institution date back to the year 604. Most holdings concentrate on the local history of the county of Kent and include parish registers online and council descisions (also virtually indexed). The site's creators stress that many local collections also have significance in much broader fields. The Best and Chatham family papers, for example, hold estate and business records related to the war of Jenkins’ Ear in the West Indies and South America, 1739-1743; the Crimean War, 1852-1854; and the Indian Mutiny, 1856-1857. The Rochester Cathedral archives refer to aid given to victims of the Barbary Pirates and to destitute soldiers returning from the Marlburian Wars (The War of the Spanish Succession), 1702-1713. Also of note are: the Naval collections, focusing on the connection of Chatham with the Royal Navy and HM Dockyard; information on the River Thames Pilots' Association; records of organisations such as the Medway Navigation Company and the Medway Docks Labour Board. The site posts visitors' information and directions.
The websote 'Clipper ship trade cards' explains that these are cards that were issued by dispatch lines to advertise specific voyages of clipper ships from one port (usually New York or Boston) to another (usually San Francisco). They were distributed primarily during the late 1850s and early 1860s. Illustrated with many examples of the cards, this site is useful to anyone interested in the history of the cards and in Victorian advertising. This site is part of the `Trade Card Place' a commercial website specialising in Victorian Trade Cards which were used to advertise American goods and services during the late 1800s. The section Articles features an online library of texts concerning trade cards and their collecting.
This site hosts an electronic discussion board on the subject of Clyde shipping and shipbuilding, past, present, and future. Some parts are only accessible to subscribers, and information is provided on paying subscriptions. There is also access to the Clydebuilt Database of Free access to over twenty thousand ships over the past two hundred years. Information on this part of the site includes shipping companies, shipwrecks, ships lost in war, and ships currently being built.
This is an online educational resource from The National Archives focusing on international relations during the Cold War. Information is provided on the origins and possible causes of the Cold War (1919-1939); the Allied Alliance between the UK, US, and the Soviet Union, 1941 - 1945; how the Cold War operated, and the tensions of nuclear armament, including the role of nuclear weapons during incidents such as the Cuban Missile Crisis; the Berlin Wall and Soviet occupation of Eastern Europe; and the importance of the Vietnam War as a turning point in international relations. Each section contains case studies with access to primary source declassified government documents (transcripts of authentic UK Government documents), as well as contemporary cartoons, posters, and footage (audio/visual files), timelines of the key events, and historical backgrounds and glossaries for students. Also provided are teacher's notes which give suggested lesson plans and guidance including some for the Korean War.
The Museum was founded in 1962 and since then it has been preserving and interpreting the maritime heritage of the Pacific Northwest. Located at the mouth of the Columbia River, the Museum is the Official Maritime Museum of the State of Oregon. The bridge of the destroyer DD 653 forms the centerpiece of the museum. The education section includes school programmes including the visiting Museum-In-A-Trunk programmes, and resource guides for teachers.
Created in 1989 as part of the 500th Anniversary of The Encounter of Two Worlds, the Computerized Information Retrieval System (CIRS) on 'Columbus and the age of discovery' is a valuable website for information regarding Christopher Columbus and the discovery of America. An accessible database of over 1100 full-text articles on the encounters between Europe and Central and South America from 1492 onwards, the CIRS is searchable by subject or keyword, and contains text from diverse sources including journals, newspapers and official speeches. Including articles on relevant aspects of Spanish, Pre-Columbian, and Mesoamerican culture, the CIRS particularly focuses on Christopher Columbus and his exploration in the Atlantic and Caribbean worlds. Awarded the status of an "Official Project" by the U.S. Christopher Columbus Quincentenary Jubilee Commission and the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, this website has also received a number of deserved awards for humanities and educational web design.The CIRS should be a first port of call for any researcher into Christopher Columbus or the encounter between the Old World and the New.
This article from June 2001 in the National Maritime Museum's 'Journal for Maritime Research' addresses the apparent lack of basic information available on the social history of officers in the 18th Century Royal Navy. Issues such as rank structure, seniority and half-pay, timing and prospects of promotions, supply and demand of officers, and their careers and fates are examined. A number of useful graphs trace the rise and fall of promotions of different ranks over the course of the century. His findings are partly based on Syrett and DiNardo's list of 'Commissioned Sea Officers.' The author, N. A. M. Rodger, is a Professor of Naval History at Exeter University; he emphasises that these results are only preliminary and based on incomplete sources. He suggests, however, that the graphs and article he has prepared give general indications of the supply and demand of officers in the Royal Navy which will prove a good starting point for serious researchers.
Financed by dues levied on commercial shipping, the Commissioners of Irish Lights (CIL) are the General Lighthouse Authority for all of Ireland, its adjacent seas and islands. The website contains information on the work and mission of the CIL, in addition to: the two latest issues of the Journal of the Irish Lighthouse Service, Beam; current and past notices to mariners; a picture library of Irish lighthouses; news items; a map of navigation aids around the Irish coast maintained by the Commissioners of Irish Lights; and links to related sites. The marine Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) section looks at how GPS works, how it helps maritime transport and includes a map of DGPS stations. The Radionavigation section looks at the most widely used systems which include: the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite position-fixing system; the space-based radio positioning system Global Navigation Satellite System (Glonass); the hyperbolic radionavigation systems Decca Navigator System (DNS) and Loran-C; radiobeacons; and racons.
This website, written by an architect, provides a history of the western square-rigged sailing ship, from the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries. The study is laid out in chapters, complete with illustrations of the ships and specific features on them. The chapters run chronologically, looking in turn at the two-masted ship, the carrack, the galleon, the ship-of-the-line, and the full-rigged ship. Each chapter describes the development of the model in question, and highlights the difference between ships built in different countries. Also available on the site is a bibliographic page listing related books and websites as well as a study guide. The website has not been updated for some time, but it will still be useful for students.
During the First World War steel was becoming scarce so the government of the United States approved the construction of 24 concrete ships. Of the 24, only 12 were completed. In 1942, the United States Maritime Commission contracted McCloskey and Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to build a new fleet of 24 concrete ships. Three decades of improvements in concrete technology made this new fleet lighter and stronger than its WWI predecessors. Two of the ships saw service as blockships in the Allied invasion of Normandy. This site traces the history of these concrete ships, including photographs and individual vessel histories.
A study guide to the work of Linda Kitson, John Keane and Peter Howson, commissioned by the Imperial War Museum's Artistic Records Committee to record contemporary conflicts. The artists went to the Falklands, the Gulf and Bosnia respectively. Aimed particularly at A-level and undergraduate students, this guide gives the basic information about the three artists and their commissions, including details of reference material available to visitors to the Museum's Print Room. Kitson's drawings record the experiences of the soldiers in training and briefings on the QE2 and SS Canberra, during disembarkation and behind the lines. Keane was briefly on board a Royal Navy vessel patrolling the Persian Gulf, and Howson travelled with the British forces participating in the United Nations Protection Force.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Correlates of War Project: International and Civil War Data, 1816-1992 (Wages of War)" dataset hosted by the Economic ans Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This data collection describes international and civil wars for the years 1816-1992. This data collection consists of two files: Part 1, the International Wars file, describes the experience of each interstate member in each war. The unit of analysis is the participant in a particular conflict. When and where each interstate member fought is coded, along with battle and total deaths, pre-war population and armed forces, and whether the member in question initiated the conflict. Each war is characterized as interstate, colonial, or imperial, and major power status and/or central system membership of the warring parties is noted. Part 2, the Civil Wars file, describes when and where fighting took place, whether the war was fought within the boundaries of a major power or central system member, whether there was outside intervention and, if so, whether the intervening state was a major power, on what side they intervened, who won the war, number of battle deaths, total population, and total number of pre-war armed forces.
This page forms part of the Norfolk County Council Tourism website. Situated in a row of former fishermen's cottages, this Museum of regional history includes the 1890s home of a local fishing couple, lifeboat rescues, historic photographs, and crab fishing.
The website of the CSS Neuse and Gov. Caswell Memorial provides information about the CSS Neuse, an 'ironclad' gunship commissioned by the Confederate navy during the American civil war. The website is part of the North Carolina Historic Sites (NCHS) and is dedicated to two historic monuments of American history located in Kinston, North Carolina. The site gives a good history of the gunship: in 1865, the short-lived Neuse was quickly burnt and sank into the mud at the bottom of a river. It was raised in 1963 and is preserved at a historic site in Kinston. The story of the ship's construction, diagrams, paintings, contemporary letters and a list of the ships crew is presented on the site. The Governor Caswell Memorial shares this website with the CSS Neuse. There is brief information about the memorial and the deeds of the American politician Richard Caswell, revolutionary war general and statesman. A good list of related sites is offered. Information for visitors, including special events, location and opening hours are provided.
The Cunard Steamship Society is based in Canada and aims to bring together those who share a common interest in the rich history and proud tradition of the Cunard Steamship Company, and Samuel Cunard and his conquest of the North Atlantic by steam. The website contains information on the work of the society as well as membership details.
Built in 1869, the Cutty Sark is the last surviving example of an extreme clipper built for the China Tea trade. Now in dry dock overlooking the River Thames, her interior appointments have been faithfully preserved. Information on the site includes a history of the vessel, online tours, current restoration work, as well as visitor information.
This Web site is devoted to an exhibition mounted at the Imperial War Museum to commemorate the sixtieth anniversary of D-Day. The emphasis here is to present the history of the Normandy landings and Allied invasion of France on 6 June 1944 from different points of view. Thus, a three-part 'Collections' section of the site relies on material from Museum collections which include personal stories of those who took part; among the views presented here are "commanders who planned the invasion, soldiers who landed on the beaches, a German defender, a British nurse who looked after the casualties and a secret agent working behind the lines." These perspectives are clarified with the help of downloadable audio extracts from interviews preserved by the Museum's Sound Archive. In a second section, the site posts photographs of, and essays on, equipment, ships and weapons used in the invasion. Historic photographs are provided courtesy of the Museum's Photograph Archive. The third section of the 'Collections' part of the site, entitled 'Europe Regained,' displays Second World War paintings of towns and battlefields; these art pieces are held by the galleries at the Museum. There are links here to Museum repositories which will benefit researchers and historians. Additional sections of the site outline the history of D-Day for the general public. Also posted are a Family Activity Sheet, relevant links and books for sale in the Museum's online shop.
Part of the Kansas Heritage Server and a subsite of the Server's Eisenhower Center, this online fact sheet focuses on the role of American forces on D-Day, 6 June 1944. The site relies upon primary documents presented here courtesy of the Dwight D. Eisenhower Library in Abilene, Kansas. A background to Operation Overlord is provided, as well as information on D-Day operations and the positioning of Allied forces. The site concentrates in particular on Omaha and Utah beaches, where American forces landed. The site, alongside its parent pages, should prove a useful starting point for teachers and students when approaching this Second World War topic.
Danish Maritime is the central organisation for Danish maritime industries. Contained here is a list of the Association's members and details about their activities. The website is available in English and Danish.
The Deal Maritime and Local History Museum was founded in 1972. Exhibits include the Saxon King, the last of the Deal Galleys; ships' models including the Cutty Sark; and figureheads, pictures, prints and memorabilia of Deal Boatmen, local lifeboat crews and of the Royal Marines stationed at Deal for over three hundred years.
The website of the Defence of Britain Project, which ran from April 1995 to March 2002 under the auspices of the Council for British Archaeology, is now completed and archived project which aimed to map the military landscape of Britain. The project was run by the Council for British Archaeology (CBA). Nearly 20,000 twentieth century military sites in the United Kingdom were recorded by an army of some 600 volunteers. Two databases which were developed by the project can be viewed online via the Archaeology Data Service (a link is provided). A link also opens the old site of the project, where users can find: a selection of some of the images contained in these databases; a record count of how many sites are in each county and unitary authority, a map of anti-invasion defences; information about research into pillboxes and other anti-invasion defences; previous issues of the newsletter, links to other sites and details of the organisations linked with the development of the database. On the current site of the project and of the CBA a list of publications on 20th century military history can be consulted.
This website, which is part of the British Library's Online Gallery, makes available a collection of 130 drawings and plans of Deptford and the area around the royal docklands. This area formed the administrative headquarters of the Royal Navy from Tudor times onwards, and by the seventeenth century it was home to the area of densest industrial activity in England. This site allows the user to view images of original documents charting the area during this period and through the age of industrial revolution, covering the period from 1623 to 1841. The documents include: plans of John Evelyn's seventeenth-century gardens at his house in Sayes Court; extracts from the coloured survey of Deptford dockyard of 1698, which has been attributed to Edward Dummer; and numerous eighteenth- and nineteenth-century engravings and watercolours of the area. The 1698 survey in particular is a remarkable document, showing the buildings of the dockyard in great detail. The collection as a whole is fascinating and will be an extremely valuable resource for all historians with an interest in the history of the area or in maritime history. The site includes a text introduction, and a "Curator's Choice" selection of highlights. The collection can be viewed as a whole, in list format. Each item is accompanied by brief bibliographical information and by a short text giving background information on the document and its context. The document images are available as large images and as zoomable images, each of which permits the user to view the sources in detail. The images are of high quality. The zoom and pan function is helpful for reading text in some of the older sources, but the zoomable image window is too small to permit a proper overview of the document. This detracts slightly from the usability of the site. Registered users can store images in personal folders. Registration is free.
The German Maritime Museum is situated in Bremerhaven. Exhibitions include: medieval shipping; shipping in the industrial age; shipping in the early modern period; fishing and whaling; tidal research and forecasting; oceanography and polar research; pilotage and navigation; sailing and boating and an open-air museum of ships. There are extensive collections of literature in the library concerning German maritime history, and archival material which contains technical drawings, nautical charts, photographs, films, prints, posters and all kinds of documents and records. A list of publications (all in German) is listed and visitor information is supplied. The site is presented in German, with a small amount of information in English and French including articles on the medieval fleet, and the Waterlogged Wood Laboratory.
This website publishes an online version of the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS). The print version was published in nine volumes between 1959 and 1991, and it provides the history of almost all US naval vessels. This online version is being transcribed by volunteers, and currently features records for 7,000 ships. The records can only be browsed, and this is done by category. These are modern era (post-1880), the old Navy (pre-1880), the entire 1st volume of DANFS, and Confederate States Navy. There is also a selection of biographies of notable figures.
Part of the Canadian government's Veterans Affairs website, this is informative and clearly laid out site is dedicated to the role of Canadian troops in the disastrous Allied raid on the French port of Dieppe on 19 August 1942. The background to and events of the raid are detailed, with photos, a map and real audio interviews with veterans. Other related articles include an account by celebrated journalist Ross Munro, who went on the raid. There are links to Canadian regiments who fought at Dieppe and to other sites relating to the raid and the town. The site is available in English and French.
This website provides access to a catalogue of resources on Caribbean basin arts, culture, history, and law. The Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) holds a growing number of newspapers, books and journals, as well as archival resources and artefacts. The easy-to-use website allows for either browsing through the massive database of resources or keyword searching. It is, moreover, possible to limit the choice of databases when searching, in order to further restrict the results. The website is an exceptionally valuable, and international, resource.
'DIO: The International Journal of Scientific History' is a full-text ejournal, edited from Florida State University. The editors are inclined to accept articles by... "astrononomers, physicists, mathematicians, & classicists - not historians". Published three times a year, at June 2009 the journal has 27 issues online. Issues usually offer between two and six articles, freely available as PDF files. Example article titles include: 'The Babylonian Theory of the Planets'; 'The Southern Limit of the Ancient Star Catalog'; 'The Instuments Used by Hipparchos'; and 'Columbus's Landfall at Plana Keys', among others. The journal occasionaly collaborates with the The Journal for Hysterical Astronomy on special issues and articles on historical scientific hoaxes. The journal appears to have a special interest in papers on Hipparchos, ancient planetary observations, the maps of Ptolemy, and the early exploration of the polar regions. Three $1000 prizes are offered by the journal.
The DiscoverSea Shipwreck Museum focuses on the maritime history of the ports of Delaware and Chesapeake Bay, and the discovery of ship wrecks and their artifacts. The site also contains histories of locally wrecked ships, such as the HMS 'DeBraak', located in 1984; the 'Juno'; and the 'Faithful Steward'; as well as information on some of the artefacts, early Colonial settlements; and the Museum newsletter.
An illustrated essay by Daniel Finamore which investigates the objects collected and exhibited by the Salem East India Marine Society in the years between 1787-1842. The author descibes how these items helped define the early American vision of Eastern cultures, and the new role of American maritime traders on the world stage. The article is from the National Maritime Museum's Journal for Maritime Research, and requires a subscription to the journal for full viewing.
The Dock Museum is based in Barrow-in-Furness, and charts the social and industrial history of the Furness area, including the development of the shipyard and dock complex. The site includes information on the Museum's collections, which include boats and the history and ongoing development of Barrow Shipyard. It covers a wide range of work carried out by the Yard such as production of ships, submarines, armaments and general engineering products (from airships to cement kilns), and includes a variety of ship models made in its Model Shop. There is also a link to the Vickers Photographic Archive, which documents the working of the Barrow Yard. Other information on the site includes galleries, exhibitions, and visitor information.
The Vickers Photographic Archive is part of the Dock Museum in Barrow-in-Furness, and provides insight into the workings of Vickers Shipyard, a British shipbuilding and engineering facility. The archive is searchable through the browse categories of: shipbuilding, armaments, engineering, and the shipyard. Images contain such information as a shipname, class, and image date. The website will prove a good starting point for students of local economic history and the history of technology. That said, the website does not provide any explanations or contextual information beyond the most basic archival information. There are also links to FAQs and a facility for ordering copies of the images. The website has its own search engine.
The Documents in Military History website offers a collection of primary sources. The collection is strongest in pre-20th-century European military history, but does also have material relating, for example, to the American Revolution and ancient Egypt. The records are broken down into categories, some broader than others, including ancient history, the French Revolution, and early modern history. The site offers a separate section for naval warfare. This general subject browsing is more successful than the keyword search offered. The source for each of the extracts and documents reproduced is cited at the end of each entry.
Part of the Dorset For You portal, the aim of the Dorset Marine Literature Database website is to provide references to the different marine reports (both published and unpublished), books and journals. It also indicates where the documents are held. The resources available include: Dorset's marine and coastal wildlife reports - including seabirds Marine conservation documents; related documents such as Dorset based water quality documents; fisheries reports; and information on Christchurch, Poole, Weymouth and Portland Harbours. The database can be searched for title; author; or keyword.
The Doxford Friends Association website details the history and development of the Doxford Marine Diesel Engine between 1878-1980. The site also gives information on the engineers involved with the development and some family history on the Doxford family. A Gallery Page includes maps, photos of engines and vessels and other images related to the Doxford Marine Diesel Engine. Contact details and background information about the Doxford Engine Friends Association is available, and links to other websites about the Doxford Engine are given.
The website of the Duyfken 1606 Replica Foundation records the story of the first documented voyage to Australia. The Foundation has built a full-scale replica of the VOC ship at the Duyfken Village Shipyard in the grounds of the Maritime Museum of Western Australia, Fremantle. Users can access a history of the original Duyfken's voyage, including a map, and two timelines that illustrate the discovery of Australia. Other topics covered include early navigation methods, the importance of spices and the political background against which the Duyfken sailed. The second half of the website is concerned with the building of the replica, and the 2000 and 2002 Duyfken Expeditions. These include Captain's logs, photo galleries, a QTVR Gallery of the 2000 voyage (requiring QuickTime Virtual Reality plugin), and video microdocs of the 2000 voyage, containing videos, stills, crew journals, and the chance to e-mail the crew. Users can download a cut-out plan and instructions for making a model of the Duyfken and the site contains three MPG videos of the launch of replica.
A registered charity formed in 1983, the East Kent Maritime Trust promotes the maritime and associated heritage of East Kent. The Trust is responsible for the Ramsgate Maritime Museum, the Margate Seaside Museum, the North Foreland Lighthouse and Preston Court Oast and there is information about each of these on the site. The Ramsgate Maritime Museum concentrates on the maritime past of the Ramsgate region and is located on the site of the Ramsgate Meridian. There are permanent displays on the development of the Harbour, Navigation, Fishing, Lifeboats and Shipwrecks. Also contained in the museum are artefacts recovered from the wreck of Stirling Castle. The Margate Seaside Museum collections reflect the town's maritime history and success as a seaside resort. The site also contains information about the Trust's historic vessels, Sundowner, Cervia, New Britannic, Strandby and Khaki. Contact details and visitor information for each of the museums is provided.
This website on Queen Elizabeth I is published in conjunction with the National Maritime Museum exhibition celebrating the 400th anniversary of the last Tudor monarch's death. The site is very easy to navigate, and provides a large amount of information on Elizabeth I's life and reign. The site is split into chapters, dealing with Elizabeth's life chronologically, and there are also additional resources in the form of a glossary and a select bibliography of texts and websites. The chapters cover the following topics: Young Elizabeth, which looks at her early life and experiences, with events such as the Seymour Scandal; Elizabeth's England, which discusses the changes she made, with measures like the Elizabethan religious settlement; and The Queen's Court, which explores Tudor life, entertainment, and the Sumptuary Laws. Following these there is Elizabeth's Adventurers that looks at sixteenth century English overseas ambitions; Representing the Queen, which discusses the image Elizabeth created, and the importance of imagery and symbolism in her portraiture; and Threats to the Crown, which explores the domestic and foreign hostility she faced from Mary Queen of Scots and Spain. The final chapter, Elizabeth's Final Years, describes the Queen's relationships with the Earl of Essex and Robert Cecil, and the end of the Tudor line. All of the texts are accompanied by good illustrations, while a glossary and a link to resources accompany the information on the site. This page as a whole provides a comprehensive introduction to Queen Elizabeth I's reign.
The website "Elizabeth's Pirates" is a Channel 4 microsite devised to accompany two documentaries broadcast in 2001, covering Elizabethan history, 3BMs Secret History: Armada, and Yorkshire Television's Elizabeth's Pirates. Concentrating on the sea-faring activities directed from England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, the site is divided into four sections. The first section, The Rogue State, discusses Elizabethan England and its relations with the European powers, particularly Spain, whilst the second section, The Pirates, looks at the activities of English privateers and pirates. With biographies of the most infamous pirates and privateers of the time, including Martin Frobisher, Humphrey Gilbert, Richard Hawkins, and Richard Grenville, as well as Francis Drake, John Hawkins and Walter Ralegh, this section covers the expeditions, raids and explorations these men undertook in the late sixteenth-century. The third section, The Armada, covers the circumstances surrounding, and the events of, the battle between the English fleet and the Spanish Armada in 1588, and the fourth provides web links and bibliographies for further reading and research.
This website provides a wealth of information on the events and lives of people during the Elizabethan era. There is information on: entertainment; biographies of leading/famous Elizabethans (such as Queen Elizabeth I, Mary Queen of Scots, William Shakespeare, Sir Francis Bacon); the age of exploration; clothes; food and drink; sports; music; education; language; medicine; crime and punishment; and the culture of the era. There is also information on the Spanish Armada, and on Spain and Spanish policies of the time. The website is a little awkwardly laid out, and there are many different links to click to get to the desired information, but the breadth of the site's scope makes up for this. This website will be of value to those starting research in the Elizabethan era.
This collection, about the rise of steamship transportation, includes extensive documentation of the history of 352 American steamship companies. It is held at the Mariners' Museum, Virginia and contains thousands of photographs, extensive notes, ephemera, and clippings from nautical publications, newspapers, and other media. The database relating to this collection can be searched electronically. Each record describes the contents of the file on that company and other information, such as ports touched, regions served, and types of cargo and passenger service. There are also records for each of the vessels operated by these companies which include highlights of the vessel's history, including any name changes, military service or involvement in disasters. Database search tips are provided.
Run by the Emsworth Maritime and Historical Trust, Emsworth Museum opened in 1988. Emsworth is a fishing village on the South Coast of England, and Museum displays are devoted to the old sea-faring families. The site includes visitor information.
Normandy 1944 focuses on the events leading up to D-Day, 6 June 1944, and the Allied Invasion of Occupied France, through the eyes of soldiers, journalists, photographers, and historians. NORMANDY: 1944 is designed around a five-part essay by the military historian John Keegan. The site comprises the following detailed information on the campaigns and battles. Buildup: including an essay on the development of events in Europe prior to the Invasion; photographs and biographical information on the Leaders and the Generals; photographs and information of Allied Training; Fortress Europa; thumnail images of uniforms worn in the Normandy Landing. Invasion: an essay on Normandy Beachhead, June 1944 with thumnail Invasion map; essays, maps, diagrams of defenses and assaults on the Normandy Beaches; landing craft. Fighting Inland: an essay on the inshore invasion; map (requiring Shockwave) of Battle of Caen; information including Allied activity on Normandy Beaches. Breakout: an essay on the entry of armies into Northern France, Operation Cobra, the Liberation of Paris, and a Shockwaves map of the Breakout. Normandy in Memory: an essay on the expulsion of the Germany Army from France, and the reconstruction of Liberated Europe, including a Shockwaves map of the Road to Liberty. All these sections contain contemporary radio broadcasts (requiring RealPlayer or WAV), documentary footage (requiring RealPlayer or QuickTime), eye-witness accounts, news articles and photographs. Maps can be viewed in a standard format. The site also has information on Imagining D-Day: The History behind 'Saving Private Ryan'; a World War II Study Guide; and sections in which information from the site on the following areas, is collated: People (detailed biographical information), Weapons & Tactics (with diagrams), Places, Documents, Maps, and Recommended Reading, About WWII, and WWII on the Web.
Encyclopedia Titanica is a huge online guide to the passengers and crew of the Titanic. The site features articles by historians and a public message board where issues may be debated and questions posed. There are over 2,100 individual biographies of passengers and crew members of the ship, most of which include photographs. Passenger biographies are hyperlinked to those of friends and travelling companions, enabling the user to browse the site in a more involving manner. There are interactive deck plans of the ship that identify particular rooms or cabins as the user runs the cursor over them. The transcripts of both the British and American enquiries are available from the site, as well as lists of all fatalities and survivors. Multimedia features include recordings of the songs played by the Titanic's band.This is an excellent site that aims to cater for researchers as well as the interested public. The encyclopaedia contains some exclusive articles, and should prove useful to students of the subject.
"The Endurance, Shackletons Legendary Antarctic Expedition" is an online exhibition from the American Museum of Natural History. It accompanied an exhibition at the Museum from 1999, which examined Sir Ernest Shackleton's ill-fated expedition to traverse the Antarctic, 1914, and the remarkable feat of survival after their ship "The Endurance" became trapped in ice. The exhibition was primarily an exhibition of photographs and film footage, (including 150 taken by expedition's photographer Frank Hurley). There was also the life-boat "James Caird", used by Shackleton to seek aid. The maps, illustrations and other images can be enlarged, including a few of Hurley's amazing record of the expedition.
This is part of the Kodak website and features the photographs taken by Frank Hurley aboard the Endurance during the 22 month unsuccessful 'Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition' to reach the South Pole. The website is based on a past exhibition at the American Museum of Natural History. The Expedition section features on one side of the screen photographs taken by Hurley of the expedition in chronological order, and the other side a map of the route taken with each location pinpointed as the photograph is viewed. A textual commentary is also provided. The final part of the website contains: biographical material about Frank Hurley and Sir Ernest Shackleton; a timeline of the expedition; information on the Royal Geographical Society who contributed financially to the expedition; a bibliography; and desktop pictures to download.
The East India Company Ships Company website is published by an enthusiast and a database dedicated to the ships, seafarers and and voyages of the East India Company. The site is well designed, and although it is currently still work in progress, there is a great deal of useful information already available. The site has three sections, for ships, voyages, and seafarers of the English East India Company's mercantile services. Currently, the ships section contains the most information, and users can search or browse a ships construction details, owners, service history, and fate, from 1600-1834. In the voyages section details of East India Company ships voyages will be published, and at the moment users can browse a list of wrecked, lost, captured or missing ships.
English Heritage is the main government body in England charged with the protection and management of archaeological and historical sites. The website "National Monuments Record thesauri", produced by the National Monuments Record (formerly part the Royal Commission on Historic Monuments of England now merged with English Heritage), is a well organised series of highly detailed thesauri to help professionals standardise the terminology used in describing heritage sites and materials when creating records for the public and professional domain. The hypertexted and fully searchable thesauri are comprehensive and encompass numerous discreet categories, namely : monument types; building materials; building and site type components; 'evidence' terminology designed to help in standardising descriptions of archaeological features such as stratigraphic relationships; archaeological objects; a variety of maritime heritage terms relating to shipwrecks, vessel types, cargo and marine toponyms; 20th century Defence of Britain sites. Also included is a link to the Forum on Information Standards in Heritage (FISH) and a guide to the wider concepts of the thesaurus for new users. This is an invaluable specialist resource which will interest anyone working in the heritage industry, including archaeologists and museum curators but also those from outside the sector (for example planners and business people) who need access to such reference material.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'English Slave Trade, 1791-1799 : House of Lords Survey' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To examine the growth of slave trade to the America's, the internal dynamics of its volume, and how it compared with other trades within the British Empire and with other leading slave trade routes of other European powers. The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of: Ship's name, tonnage, home port of ship, departure date, African port of arrival, date of African arrival, slaves taken on board (total number), slave mortality, slaves relanded before African port departure, number of slaves shipped, date of African departure, American port of arrival, date of arrival in New World, number of slaves landed, date ship left America.
This online exhibition from the Imperial War Museum is aimed at children and focuses on the use of codes in wartime, and how the German Enigma code was broken during the Second World War. The exhibition examines how codes are created, historical examples of codes, and the use of the Enigma machine in the Second World War by the German army, air force, and in particular, the navy. The primary focus of the exhibition is how the Enigma machine was decoded by Bletchley Park code breakers.
Equasis aims at collecting and disseminating quality and safety-related information on the world's merchant ships provided to it by holders of such information, for example public authorities and industry organisations. A list of the providers of the data is included. Current information on their database includes the ship's name, gross tonnage, type of ship, ship's flag, ship manager, registered owner, and address. France and the EC currently fund Equasis, and for the user, access to the database is free of charge. In order to search the ship database for the first time the user needs to register by choosing a user identification code and password. There is also a discussion forum, which was established in order to create a place for exchanges about quality shipping. The site contains frames.
This website is published by a maritime historian, Don Ross, and looks at the history of Clipper ships in the United States. The site focuses on Clipper ships in the nineteenth century, and pays particular attention to shipbuilder Donald McKay: the site's author is his descendant. The site is quite extensive and rather jumbled, but it contains a great deal of information about the advances in ship building in design on the east coast of the United States. As well as the narrative history of Clipper ships, there is also a collection of maritime links, and a bibliography. A book by the site's author, 'The Era of the Clipper Ships: The Legacy of Donald McKay,'can be ordered via the website.
Erie Maritime Museum presents the region's maritime heritage and the story of US 'Brig Niagara', the reconstructed flagship of Pennsylvania and the warship that won the Battle of Lake Erie in the war of 1812. The site also includes: US 'Brig Niagara's specifications, her involvement in the Battle of Lake Erie and an extract from the Log; details of the ship's sailing schedule; a virtual tour; photo galleries of the ship and crew; events; opening hours; and location details.
The Essex Record Office site describes archival holdings on the local history of the county of Essex, including: current administrative county records; files of Poor Law Unions; and records of local churches, magistrate courts, local authorities, societies, organisations and businesses. The Record Office also possesses Church of England diocesan registers of baptisms, marriages and burials for Chelmsford, which covers the whole of the ancient county of Essex from West Ham to the Suffolk and Cambridgeshire borders.
The site offers guest access to SEAX (Essex Archives Online), which allows name and keyword searching of all the Essex Record Office catalogues, including directories of shipbuilders for Colchester and Maldon for 1995 and 1996; a card index to the Maldon shipping register for 1975 to 1985; and sound archive records such as tapes of the Stena Sealink Centenary in 1993. The site also contains a substantial section on family history, such as wills and census returns, a section on 'House History', and a page relating to the Essex Sound and Video Archive. The latter is a collection of sound and video recordings related to local history, with several sample extracts in Quicktime or Real Audio format. There are links to other services, including the library, conservation, document copying services and an online bookshop stocking available local publications. Visitor information is provided, as are details on upcoming community events run by the archive.
The EMH is a non-governmental organization for private owners of traditional ships, as well as for maritime museums and other interested bodies. The website includes information on the organisation, the safety council and its guidelines for the safe use of historic vessels; the work of the cultural council for the protection of historic traditional ships, and the EMH policy group. There are also links to the newsletter, an events calendar, and links to sites of further interest.
The Expedition Pearl Harbor website focuses on a National Geographic expedition led by Robert Ballard in 2000 to discover a Japanese submarine sunk before the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. The site provides information on the attack as well as the expedition, including: background; a map of the attack (with an animated version that requires Flash); an expedition log and photo gallery; and resources and links. The site is would be a useful teaching/study resource.
The Shetland Tourism website offers brief information on the history and natural heritage of the Shetland Isles, Scotland. E.g. there is an online brochure about the Unst Heritage Centre and Unst Boat Haven, Haroldswick. The Heritage Centre focuses on traditional crafts and local studies, and has strong links with Norway. The Boat Haven tells the history of fishing and seafaring, with displays of photographs, fishing artefacts and small boats.
This article from January 2002 in the National Maritime Museum's 'Journal for Maritime Research' examines the attempts by British army and naval physicians to understand and combat dysentery, one of the major killers of sailors in the 18th Century navy. Historians will be interested by the examples provided by the article's author, Dr. David Boyd Haycock, of Wolfson College, Oxford. Haycock contributes a new balance to the modern history of medicine, which has been generally preoccupied with exotic diseases such as Asiatic cholera, typhoid, yellow fever and smallpox. He concentrates on dysentery, which scholars have largely neglected precisely because it was so common. Haycock describes how dysentery, once called the 'bloody flux,' struck the crew of Captain James Cook's ship the Endeavour after they stopped in the Dutch East Indes (now Indonesia) for repairs. Similar accounts presented here describe disease-ravaged colonies in Jamaica. Such experiences with the disease prompted naval and colonial doctors to battle the disease; thus, the history of the development of maritime medicine is directly entwined with the history of exploration and settlement. Haycock investigates contemporary medical understandings of the disease; theories on its cause; the question of contagion; the possible role played by animalcules in causing the disease; and theories of prevention and cure.
The Falklands Conflict is an online presentation from the first oral history project from the Imperial War Museum Sound Archive to interview people that participated in 'The Falklands War' between Great Britain and Argentina., 1982. A brief history of the conflict is provided, outlining the course of the invasion of the islands by Argentina, and the British government's response with a task force, which first liberated South Georgia, before Argentine forces finally surrendered on 14 June 1982. The site contains 6 extracts from the Sound Archive's interviews. All these interviews are available to listen to at the Imperial War Museum Sound Archive. Each audio clip requires RealPlayer, though there is also a transcript of each clip, as well as the archive's reference number for the interview. There is a photograph from the Imperial War Museum's collection - usually of the serviceman or an image of the event being described. These photos are presented as thumbnails that can be enlarged.
The Falmouth Packet Archives website is maintained by an enthusiast and offers users free access to transcribed archival material relating to postal packets which sailed from Falmouth between 1688 and 1850. Although the information could be useful to researchers, the appearance and layout of the site could be greatly improved. This ended 162 years for Falmouth, Cornwall as the Communications Gateway to Britain. The site's author has included a list of repositories holding Falmouth's postal packet-related material to assist researchers. Also included is: a list of Packet Commanders employed in the Falmouth Postal Packet Service; information about Edmund Dummer's Packet Service and their ships; Royal Navy Packets (1823 -1850); H.M.Paddle Steamers; Branch Packets; Falmouth Packet routes and other European routes; Steam Contractors; Post Office Packet Agents; British Postmaster Generals and Secretaries; and the American Post Office. There are links to articles from the American 'Journal of the Continental Congress' 1774 - 1789, which recorded daily proceedings of the Congress. Other features include a bibliography; a timeline of events; and links to related sites. There is a facility to search the site and frames are used.
The Imperial War Museum offers a wealth of material for the family history researcher seeking an insight into the nature of personal experience in wartime. This document provides guidance in tracing an individual's personal service history using family history resources in the departments of printed books and documents, and in the film, video, photograph and sound archives. The Museum holds material relating to the armed forces and items relating to civilians, including all conflicts, and concentrating on British and Commonwealth involvement from 1914 to the present day. Information sheets (in .pdf format) include unit histories, ship journals, service lists, rolls of honour, graves registers, maps, personal papers, gallantry awards and campaign medals, photographs, film and sound recordings. More material is held relating to the Army, and the collections tend to be weaker for the Royal Navy, Royal Air Force and Merchant Navy. Amongst its naval holdings, the Museum has sets of The Navy List and several volumes of rolls of honour for some of the Battalions of the Royal Naval Division - Hood, Hawke, Howe, Drake, Nelson and Anson Battalions. The Museum's resources are available to everybody. The service is free, although an appointment must be made with the appropriate departments.
Father Frank Browne was a distinguished Irish photographer, best remembered for his photographs of the Titanic. Browne took some of the last surviving photographs on board the ship before it set out on its transatlantic voyage and sank in 1912, and his pictures featured on the front pages of newspapers around the world. Father Browne also served on the Western Front in the First World War, and travelled widely around Europe, Australia, India, and various other parts of the globe. In total, Browne took over 40,000 negatives of various subjects social, industrial, agricultural, and commercial. The negatives were lost after Browne's death, but were rediscovered by chance in 1986, and have since been transferred to an electronic database.This website allows access to some of the better images captured by Father Browne, though not the full database. The images available here are divided between five subject areas: the Titanic; Irish life; Irish tradespeople; England & abroad; and Images from Dublin. The photographs are viewed as thumbnail images, which may be enlarged. The site is designed with commercial ends in mind, and copies of the photographs may be bought online.
This site focuses on the personal archive of records and photographs of worldwide figureheads, belonging to the enthusiast Richard Hunter, who works as a Figurehead Historian. Many of these figureheads have now been destroyed or survive in a deteriorated condition so the archive provides valuable evidence of their previous state. The website also provides information on the appraisal, research and consultation services, that Richard Hunter also runs.
Finding Ship Passenger Lists and Immigration Records is a website listing sources of indexes to passenger arrival records (also called immigration records) in the United States from 1820 to the 1940s. Information on researching ancestors is provided, as well as locating details of major indexes concerning the main ports of arrival in America, over this period. Some of the features available require a subscription and payment. All of the information is actually taken from other sources, this site acts merely as an intermediary.
First Call was an exhibition of American World War One posters from the Collection of Roger N. Mohovich, held November 1999 to February 2000, in the Fairchild Memorial Gallery of Georgetown University Library, America. The site includes an introduction to a history of the purposes of the posters; information on the artists; and links to thumbnail images of the posters.
The website "First Fleet Online" is published by the Centre for Educational Development and Interactive Resources, at the University of Wollongong. The site is concerned with the First Fleet, namely the fleet of ships that transported convicts from England to Australia for the first time in 1787, and has been designed to introduce primary source material to history students, although teachers and researchers can also use it. Available on the site is a database of the First Fleet convicts, which provides information on the age, gender, occupation, crime, sentence, date of transportation, place of trial, looks and behaviour, partner in crime, date of leaving the colony/of death, marital status and children of the people transported. Also featured are documents written by the 'officials' who travelled to Australia, such as letters, diaries and reports. Alongside the primary sources there are also sections on studying historical sources, and how to investigate a subject like the First Fleet.
One of a series of Research Guides produced by the National Archives, this site provides information on records held at Archives on women's services during World War I. By 1916, the British government began organising women's auxiliary military services, so that male workers would be free to fight. Services covered by this collection include: the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps; the Women's Royal Air Force; medals and awards; and the Women's Royal Naval Service. Women worked in the Ministry of Labour; Board of Trade; Ministry of Munitions; Ministry of National Service; and the War Office. The sources here feature administrative records, service records and registers available for the army, navy and air force in this time period. Collections are described only on at the general level, not at the file or individual piece levels. Nonetheless, using these general criteria materials can be pre-requested online from the Web site.
Flag Institute is a thriving membership-based flag organisation - the largest in the world, with members on all six continents - and the United Kingdom's vexillogical (the scientific study of flags and related emblems) organisation. The website is nicely designed and contains information on the organisation's structure, meetings, publications, and news and updates. There is, further, information on, and pictures of, the major British flags (including the Union Flag, St George's flag, St Andrew's flag, various county flags and so on) and links to related websites. Perhaps of greatest use is the essay on the history of the Union Flag from the Union of the Crowns (1603) to the modern British flag (created after the Act of Union 1801 between Great Britain and Ireland).
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum, is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. It provides details on the main books and sources of information for researching various types of flags. Information on visiting the Museum's Library is included.
This guide and related guides on connected pages, produced by the National Maritime Museum, are part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. Online research indexes here provide lists of historic foreign flags, signal flags, house flags, and flags of the Royal Navy and government departments held at the Museum. Alongside bibliographic material, links are given to pages describing the Museum's picture library, the manuscripts collection, historic photographs, and other resources. The site has its own online catalogue and search engine.
The FAA Archive is a portal of naval aviation history of the Royal Navy and the Commonwealth of the period of the Second World War, 1939-1945. A list of topics is provided, including Squadrons, Aircraft, Ships, Men, Associations, Museums. Other information includes aircraft carriers, ships, ship yards, and photographs and naval art and related subjects; details of Naval Air Squadrons; Naval Aviation Trusts and Associations; Museums; Research, with links to libraries, archives, research databases and films; Gallery of radio, TV, film, photograph and newspaper resources; Fleet Air Arm and Commonwealth Naval Aviation today; links and bibliographies to World Naval Aviation sites.
The Fleet Air Arm Museum is dedicated to the military aviation history of the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy. The Museum started in 1964, and now has more than 40 aircraft on display. The site includes maps of the museum and details of the permanent exhibits, such as World War I, The Falklands Remembered, Women's Royal Naval Service, and Between the Wars. There is also information on the Fleet Air Arm Museum centre for Naval Aviation Records & Research. This holds a wide range of documents from official and private sources, related to the Royal Naval Air Service and the Fleet Air Arm. They cover areas such as aircraft, ships, equipment, air stations, operations and personnel. The Centre also holds documents relating to service in the Royal Navy and Royal Marines before and during the First World War. The site also contains details of the Fleet Air Arm Memorial Church and Naval Cemetery, the Reserve Collection, and visitor information for parts of the Museum.
The Fleet Air Arm Officers' Association exists as a focal point for all who are professionally and socially bound together by their common interest and vocation in Naval Aviation. The site has information about the association's activities and events it organises. There is also a history section with details of battle honours, ships and air squadrons.
This site, part of the San Francisco Maritime Park Association's USS Pampanito website, contains a transcription of the Fleet Type Submarine training manual, used by submarine crews of the US Navy after the Second World War. The Fleet Type Submarine, Navpers 16160, is the first in a series of submarine training manuals that were completed just after WW II. The series describes the peak of WW II US submarine technology. The manual includes information concerning submarine history and development; construction; systems; operations; and training. The site contains a search engine of the manual.
This is the official Flickr photo gallery stream of the historic photography archives held at the Library of Congress. Images are shown at a reasonable size, and without watermarks. There are a number of albums available, including '1930s and 40s in Colour' (1,615 pictures) and 'News in the 1910s' (6,000 pictures). Pictures older than about 1927 are usually old enough to be in the public domain in the U.S. Pictures are annotated with archival information, and presented both as thumbnails and as larger versions (usually between 1024 and 1200 pixels on their longest side). The photo stream is tagged with keywords, to aid in finding particular topics, thus making it useful for a variety of scholarly interests, such as fashion and military history.
The Flinders Papers website is part of the National Maritime Museum's web pages and makes available transcripts of 150 documents relating to the life and work of the chartmaker and navigator Matthew Flinders (1774-1814). The documents cover the major events in Flinders' travels, including the years in which Flinders was engaged in surveying the Australian coastline in the ship The Investigator (1801-3), and his subsequent imprisonment in Mauritius by the French government (1803-10). The material includes: letters; journal entries; legal and naval papers; receipts; and inscriptions. The letters relate to figures such as Sir Joseph Banks, Sir John Franklin and Vice-Admiral Wlliam Bligh, but the majority of the correspondence is between Flinders and his wife, Ann. Some of the documents are written in French, but in these cases rough translations are provided. These papers would be an important resource for researchers interested in: Flinders; in the history of navigation; in naval and social history; or Australasian studies. The transcripts may be searched or browsed by type, year, author or recipient. Each transcript is presented with a list of links to glossary entries containing background material on: people; places; vessels; and words and phrases. There are also links to related documents according to year, writer or recipient, and a page giving: background information on Flinders, his work and his era; an essay on "Flinders and the Voyage of the Investigator"; and images of original documents and objects related to Flinders. This latter section also has a list of suggested further reading. The site is well-designed and is easy to navigate, and the images are of a good quality.
Part of a series of Research Guides (or Information Leaflets) produced by The National Archives website, the website 'Foreign Office: Card Index 1910-1919' page is an introduction to the Foreign Office's system for identifying its papers. The leaflet includes a table of country codes and guidance on understanding the cards and the class lists. Sources for further reading are included.
This website is a personal site about the merchant ships built during the war known as the Forts, the Parks and the Oceans. These ships were built in Canada and the USA during the Second World War as part of the lend-lease agreement, and the website also includes the 16 Royal Navy Maintenance and Supply vessels built to the same specifications. There is an introduction describing the history of the building of these vessels, and further descriptions of the different designs used. There is also a brief description of one of the Canadian shipyards that completed over 100 of these ships. There is a section relating to each type of vessel - Forts, Parks, Oceans and Royal Navy Maintenance and Supply vessels - which includes background information on each type, and an alphabetical fleet list with the details and brief history of each ship. The section on the Forts also includes a separate list of the war damages and losses to this class, and highlights the SS Fort Longueuil and the Fort Bellingham, their loss in the war, their crews and the attacks that led to their loss. There are photographs of various ships throughout the site, and a links page lists external sites covering the Merchant Navy, ships and shipbuilding during the Second World War.
The Museum is situated at Foteviken, Sweden and focuses on the Viking Age and medieval history of Scania, as well as the maritime history. Close to the museum is a re-creation of a Viking settlement of the late Viking Age and early Middle Ages, where food is prepared in the traditional way, employees wear Viking costumes, and Viking handicrafts are for sale. There is information about the Museum's Association, the Scandinavian Viking Explorer Group (SVEG); and visitor details. The site is available in English and Swedish.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File describes the career of Sir Francis Drake, best remembered for his circumnavigation of the world between 1577 and 1580. Details of his background, personal life and motivations are given, as is a brief sketch of Tudor England. It summarises Drake's achievements and findings during his voyages; his role in battles against the Spanish; his captures of treasure ships and plunders of Spanish ports; and his use of Spanish and Portuguese charts to enhance his own knowledge of ocean exploration. It details his eventual return home to England, his knighthood and finally his death.
'Freeze Frame: Historic Polar Images, 1845-1982 from the Scott Polar Research Institute' is a free website and online exhibition produced by the Scott Polar Research Institute at the University of Cambridge. This collection of some 20,000 pictures covers Arctic and Antarctic expeditions, and all items have a detailed description. Images are presented at a small but acceptable size, and with copyright information laid over the picture. There are full search facilities, including the ability to search by date, expedition or photographer. In the 'Resources' section there are scholarly essays such as 'History of Photography in the Polar Regions'; 'Changing Britain and the Heroic Age'; and 'Northern Peoples', among others. This website is part of the JISC Digitisation Project which also includes elements such as the major book 'Face to Face: Polar Portraits', and the sale of archival quality prints of pictures. The website also offers the ability to 'collect' a personal selection of the images.
The French Lines Association aims to highlight the heritage of the French shipping lines, particularly those of the Compagnie Générale Maritime and the Société Nationale Maritime Corse Méditerranée, through the collections of the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique and the Messageries Maritimes. The site includes links to the history of the shipping lines, 1851 to 1998, with photographs and descriptions of ships. There are also links to the paper, object, photo, film, and trade-mark collections, with their exhibition centres in France. Fee-based research is available by e-mail request. There is also a bibliography of shipping lines, liners, iconography, shipbuilding, ships, and a link to the latest edition of society's newsletter. The site is available in both English and French.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'French Privateering, 1793-1815' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of names of ship, captain, managing owner; port from which vessel sailed; vessel's tonnage, numbers of cannon, carronades, swivel guns; size of crew; year when vessel made its cruise and year of construction; indicators of whether the vessel was captured and whether sailing with 'Guerre et marchandise' marque. Additional information based on the records of the High Court of Admiralty shows the name of the ship, the name of the captain, the name of the captor vessel, the vessel's tonnage, the size of the crew and the date of capture.
This website - part of the Capturing the Energy Project, to document the history of UK oil and gas exploration in the North Sea – gives a history of the Frigg gas field. Named after a Norse fertility goddess, the field was discovered in 1971, in UK and Norwegian sectors of the sea, and developed shortly after. The website provides a timeline of the field’s development, illustrations and a description of the field. More usefully, this resource offers a starting point for those interested in this particular aspect of industrial heritage. A history perhaps more celebrated elsewhere in the world, the research involves collaboration with similar projects in Norway and is based around a consortium of leading oil companies with the University of Aberdeen forming the hub of the project.
This website, from the State Library of New South Wales, Australia, provides a history of the first discovery and exploration of Australia. Beginning with the biggest naval expedition into Pacific Waters, from Britain, in 1787, and known as the First Fleet, this attractively designed, easy to navigate, and simple to use website provides a wealth of information on the exploration, and discovery, of Australia. The website provides - with the use of Flash - a number of images and charts taken from the original voyages along with information on the images and material presented. Furthermore, there are links throughout to the State Library's catalogue to further enhance the user's research in this area. The information is split thematically, and includes: the First Fleet; Charting the Land; Letters Home; Mutiny!; Flinder's Journey; Upon a Painted Ocean; and Voyages of the Rattlesnake. There are also links to more information. This is a highly useful, and user-friendly, website which will prove to be of great value to anyone interested in first contact with, and the exploration of, the Australian continent.
Part of the Imperial War Museum Web site, this resource focuses on the Gallipoli campaign from April to December of 1915 during the First World War. This effort, which was part of a strategy conceived by Britain and France to break open the Dardanelles and permit a supply route through to Russia while threatening Constantinople, ultimately failed. The battle of Gallipoli resulted in over 300,000 casualties (counting both sides). Information is provided here on the historical background of the campaign, the landscape in which the battle took place and the fateful landings on the Gallipoli Peninsula. There is only limited reference to the significance of the battle to Australians and New Zealanders. Details are provided on the conditions under which the men served; the British naval campaign in the Dardenelles; the air war (concerning the Royal Naval Air Service); links to a reading list, and sites of further interest. Parts of the site require Adobe Acrobat files. Instructions for ordering some images are provided. The site will prove an interesting starting point for teachers and students.
The website "Civilian War Dead Roll Of Honour"contains an index to the war casualties for Northumberland, Durham and Yorkshire. The Civilian War Dead Roll of Honour was compiled by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (formerly Imperial War Graves Commission). It lists civilians killed, directly or indirectly, by enemy action in the United Kingdom during the Second World War (1939-1945). A copy of the complete roll, consisting of seven bound volumes listing 66,375 names, is kept in Westminster Abbey. The site is primarily an alphabetical list of the war dead. However, the site (perhaps confusingly) also contains three main headings: Northumberland, County Durham and Yorkshire. Clicking on any of these headings sends the reader to a huge gateway of information on the chosen county, including: Jewish records, local newspapers, regional occupations, customs and societies.
The George Cross is primarily intended for award to civilians, although there have been many instances where it has been given to members of the armed forces. This resource answers some of the most frequently asked questions (FAQ) about the George Cross. It includes a description and images, the design and manufacture, the first, most recent and youngest recipients, and other facts and figures relating to the award. This page is part of the Imperial War Museum's Collections' information.
This website, published by the National Library of Australia, showcases the digitised papers of George Raper, an eighteenth-century midshipman. The collection is made up of the personal papers of Raper, who sailed with the HMS Sirius of the First Fleet on its voyage to circumnavigate the earth. George Raper's papers include three types of documents that were essential to the training of sailors, coastal profiles, maps and navigation calculations. These have been scanned and digitised from the originals, and are accompanied by explanatory text and extracts from Roper's diary. As well as this primary material there is also a timeline of Raper's life, and a biography that mainly covers his voyage on the Sirius to Australia and experiences in places like Port Jackson, Botany Bay and Norfolk Island.
This finding aid was produced by staff at the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston. It provides a description of some archival material from the German and Milne collection, comprised of textual records and graphic material. The collection consists of the General Correspondence and Administration Series, Financial Series, Corporate and Legal Series, General Reference Series (Ephemera), General Engineering Series and Engineering Contract Files Series (Design Boxes).
This site focuses on the role and development of the Germany Navy, the Kriegsmarine, during World Wars One and Two. The site includes information on the Hochseeflotte, the German fleet building program before WWI, Kriegsmarine ships of WWII, articles, Germany's fleet building program of WW2, captured ships, Kriegsmarine operations and battles 1939 - 1941, naval aviation and Kriegsmarine victories. The site is not affiliated with the German Armed Forces.
This document, Germany's High Sea Fleet in the World War is an online edition of Admiral Reinhard Scheer's World War One memoirs, based directly on the original, which was published in 1920. Admiral Scheer assumed command of the German High Seas Fleet in 1916, and the site covers the period 1914 to 1919; from the Battle of Jutland to the U-Boat Campaign. The document is part of the War Times Journal site.
This website provides information on the Gipsy Moth IV, the ketch in which Sir Francis Chichester made his solo around-the-world voyage. Built in 1966, the Gipsy Moth IV took the English yachtsman and aviator from Sydney, Australia via Cape Horn to Plymouth, England.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Gloucester Port Books, 1575-1765" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The aims of this dataset are to compile a computer database of Gloucester Port Books to study internal trade in the Severn Valley region; to formulate a standard approach to the computerisation of port books; and to undertake case studies in trade and industry using port book and other evidence. The Exchequor Port Books are a unique and invaluable source for studying coastal trade from the late 16th to the early 18th centuries. They record in detail the movement of boats which passed on coastal voyages between domestic ports and havens, naming operators and boats involved in the trade and describing the cargoes carried. The Gloucester Port Books database describes some 2 million discrete entities of information relating to the movement, organisation and operation of goods traded coastally. These data will facilitate research into a wide range of topics including the importance of waterborne trade with details of the range of goods carried in all economic sectors, the impact of river navigation on industry, and the role of river trade in early modern industrial development.
Berthed on the River Thames, the Golden Hinde is a fully operational reconstruction of the vessel aboard which Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe. The site gives visitor information and details of educational visits, Tudor workshops and opportunities for experiencing what life was like for sixteenth century seafarers.
Part of the War Times Journal, this document focuses on the Grand Fleet and Admiral John R. Jellicoe during World War One. The document includes biographical information concerning the role of the Admiral in WWI, the Naval Situation in May 1916, and the Battle of Jutland.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File examines the history of the Great Eastern, the iron steamship designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel and constructed by John Scott Russell and Company at Millwall. It follows the ship's career until she was broken up in 1888, and looks at the use of iron to construct ships, the problems of using steam to power ships, transatlantic crossings, and the limited success of the Great Eastern.
Maintained by an enthusiast, this website contains images from postcards, photographs and ephemera related to ships. The collections are indexed by ships on the site, and Liverpool landing stage views.
Part of the National Maritime Museum's Collections online database, the Green Blackwall Collection website comprises material presented to the National Maritime Museum by the Green family between 1941 and 1977. The collection, mainly from the 18th and 19th centuries, illustrates the yard; the London docks; and ships built by or for the Greens. The Museum library holds items from the collection, including: maps and charts of the Thames; and manuscripts and printed books about the Greens and their business activities. The collection is divided into: decorative art; fine art; flags; models; relics; ship equipment; timekeeping; uniforms; weapons; plans and photographs; maps; charts; printed books; and manuscripts.
Information on the Inishowen Maritime (also known as the Greencastle Maritime) Museum is available on this website. Housed in the former Coast Guard Station, the Museum's collections include: a rocket cart, used to aid survivors of shipwrecks; memorabilia relating to local sea faring and fishing families; a Fanad Curragh built with hazel rods; paintings of Derry Barques; and ship models. The site contains brief information about the Museum, and is available in English.
The research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum, is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. It provides a brief history of the buildings of the National Maritime Museum, and an introduction to the books, manuscripts and images held by the Museum relating to Greenwich and the National Maritime Museum. Information for visitors to the Library is included.
The Greenwich and Stuart Web page provides a fact file of information from the National Maritime Museum; included are reasons why the Stuarts spent so much time in Greenwich, the building of the Queen's House, what became of the Queen's House after Queen Anne died, the building of the Royal Observatory, and the end of the connection between the Stuarts and Greenwich.
The National Maritime Museum's fact files relate to the Museum's collections and the UK's National Curriculum. This document focuses on the connection between the Tudor and Stuart royal families and Greenwich, where the National Maritime Museum now stands. The association is traced through the reigns of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I, and through the Stuarts rule from James VI of Scotland, the son of Mary Queen of Scots (who became king of England as James I), until the death of Queen Anne (1714). It includes the Queen's House, now part of the National Maritime Museum, the building and design of the House is traced, and its use by Queen Henrietta Maria until the Civil War.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File examines the history of the Greenwich Royal Hospital for Seamen. The Hospital was established by Royal Charter following the death of Queen Mary in 1694 and was completed by 1714, remaining there until it closed in 1869. The Fact File looks at why the hospital was conceived, the architects involved with the building, how the hospital was funded and continues to look at the later history of the hospital and its use by the Royal Naval College.
The Guernsey Museums and Galleries website contains information on the harbour fortress Castle Cornet and Fort Grey. Castle Cornet houses the Maritime Museum with displays on Gallo-Roman shipwrecks; the site includes brief information on this Roman cargo ship discovered in 1982. The small martello tower of Fort Grey contains a museum about Guernsey shipwrecks, with many salvaged artefacts. The site includes: visitor information; details of exhibitions and events; publications information, such as the Guernsey Museum Monographs; and details of the museum educational service.
This website provides free online access to an excellent resource for naval historians - amateur and professional alike - who wish to work in the National Archives (TNA) in the United Kingdom. Realising that archive work in this field - as with many others - can be a daunting task, given that documents can be exceptionally difficult to track down using TNA's own cataloguing system, this website provides a comprehensive discussion of the nature and location of various naval source. The document itself is available as a PDF file which can be downloaded (users should note that the PDF file is very large, and is over 300 pages long). This Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) funded project is of significant benefit to naval historians, and will be highly valued by researchers.
The Guildhall Library Manuscripts Section website provides a guide to the holdings of the Guildhall Library, the local record office for the City of London. In addition to the general guide to records held, the site contains more detailed Leaflet Guides to Records. These include City of London Livery Companies; Corporation of Trinity House; Lloyd's Captains Registers; and the Company of Watermen and Lightermen. The Business Records subject index covers fish, insurance, shipbuilding, shipping and trading companies. The site also includes news, details of newly catalogued collections and Guildhall Library publications, in addition to access information, statement of objectives, collecting policy and facilities for donors and depositors.
This personal Web site developed by Gunter Krebs focuses on providing photos, technical and historical data on all ship classes in the US Navy since 1880. The main classes are: surface combatants; submarines; patrol; minelayer; minesweeper; amphibious; auxiliaries; and yard craft. At the time of review, the site contained information on more than 900 ship classes. Naval historians and enthusiasts will appreciate the organization of the site, which groups ships according to type and juxtaposes all ships of a certain type from different time periods. It is consequently possible to browse the site intuitively and grasp the historical development of crafts such as aircraft carriers, which particularly reflect changes in technology. However, this point also applies for all crafts here listed. The site also contains links to sites of further interest as well as an annotated reading list and advertising.
This classic sailing frigate of 46 guns was built for the Royal Navy in the Chatham dockyard and launched in 1824. She is now almost certainly the best preserved and least altered old wooden hull in the world. Open daily to the public the site includes visitor information, and the history of the ship. The website contains advertising.
This excellent website details the history of H.M.S. Hood, one of the British Navy's most important battle cruisers between 1920 and 1941, when it was eventually sunk after engaging the German ship Bismarck during World War II. The site goes into immense depth in its description of the ship, its personnel, technical specifications, and history. There are also a large number of reference materials available from the site. These include: an extensive gallery of personal photographs not elsewhere available (although permission to reproduce these must be sought from the H.M.S. Hood Association); details of the ship's official records, including the log book, some of which may be read on the Internet; details of books, magazines, television programmes, and films, that deal to some extent with H.M.S. Hood; and links to other websites. Personnel details for the ship include a database of the ship's crew, as well as articles about life on the ship. These articles include pieces on the NAAFI and on sports and athletics. There are also photographs and memorials of those who served on, and in some cases died on the ship. The website even has its own message board and chat facilities, as well as a good search engine.This is an extensively illustrated site which contains an enormous wealth of information. It will prove useful to anyone studying twentieth-century naval history or tactics, or the Second World War.
This website combines underwater exploration and the historical archaeology of 19th century Canada by focusing on two merchant ships, the Hamilton and the Scourge, which sank in Lake Ontario in 1813 and which were discovered with the help of innovative sonar techniques in 1973. The resource combines a virtual tour of the wrecks and contemporary sources for the sinking during the War of 1812 with a account of the discovery and investigation of the ships and further information (including a glossary of technical terms and an extensive page of web links) on underwater archaeology. Other themes include the background to the War of 1812, naval life and shipbuilding in the early 19th century, the importance of the Lake Ontario in this period and the heritage legislation protecting the wrecks. The virtual tour introduces useful practical information on the layout and equipment of the ships. There is a marine glossary with some illustrated entries and a forum. This website, though aimed at the interested general public, will also benefit undergraduate students of underwater archaeology and modern history.
This website tells the story of one of the most famous military women. Hannah Snell (1723-1792) lived as a man circa 1745 to 1747, serving in the Navy and carrying out many acts of bravery, finally ending her days in the Bethlehem Hospital, known more popularly as Bedlam. Born in 1723, she married, was abandoned by her husband during her pregnancy and decided to don male disguise in order to pursue her husband. Pressed into the English Army, she then joined the Navy and fought in India. Finally revealing herself as a woman, she became a publishing sensation and even secured a pension. The author of this page is Matthew Stephens, who has written a detailed biography of Snell, which challenges the popularly accepted beliefs about her. The site contains a brief summary of her life, a chronology, genealogy, and ballads, and examples of other women who worked as men, as well as links to other sites dealing with female soldiers and 18th Century resources. A useful site for anyone studying military, women's, or social history.
The website 'Harry Tate's Navy' is dedicated to the Royal Naval Patrol Servic, an auxiliary fleet of the Royal Navy. Formed to defend the convoys, the RNPS was mainly composed of trawlers utilised as minesweepers during the Second World War. This site includes veteran's stories, information on the ships and the RNPS at War, and links to sites of further information. The site also contains a forum.
The Francis Russell Hart Nautical Museum is part of the Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). The collection contains materials relating to the technical history of ship and small craft design, construction, and propulsion, with the majority of the material coming from the New England area and dating from the late 19th century through the 20th. The holdings consist of artefacts, books, drawings, models, marine art, and photographic materials. Exhibitions include: Deep Frontiers - Ocean Engineering at MIT, a multimedia exhibition demonstrating the research and tools that OE have developed in its quest to promote the wise use and preservation of the ocean environment; and ship models illustrating the evolution of ship design from the 16th - 20th centuries. It is possible to hear the museum curator speak about the exhibitions (requires the RealPlayer plug-in). The site includes opening hours and location details.
The Havengore Trust works to restore and preserve the Havengore which was the longest serving Port of London Authority vessel, and is best known for carrying Sir Winston Churchill's coffin during his State Funeral. The Trust's website contains information on the preparations for and events of the 1965 funeral, details of the Havengore's ceremonial and working duties, along with information on the restoration programme. There is information about the decorations and medals awarded to Churchill and tributes made to him. The site includes details of the Havengore's build and specifications; memories of men who worked on her; past newsletters and links to related sites. The Havengore is now used as a venue for commercial events.
The Hazegray and Underway site originates from the hobbies of Andrew Toppman and a team of volunteers interested in naval history and photography. The site is dedicated to ships and navies, providing resources related to naval history; current naval affairs; shipbuilding; maritime history; and naval and maritime photography. The site has been built up by dedicated volunteers to now include 14,000 files and over 3,000 images. Ship histories and listings date from the American Revolutionary War to modern high-tech war ships. The data is dominated by American, British, Australian and Canadian navies yet limited information is given on other navies of the world including current fleet lists. A gallery provides access to some fantastic online images and links are given to online museums, shipbuilders, and photo archives. This is a detailed and comprehensive site for those interested in maritime and military history.
The National Maritime Museum's fact files relate to the Museum's collections and the UK's National Curriculum. This document focuses on hygiene in the 17th Century, and the superstitions, ideas, cures and practices of that time: in particular the discovery during the Thirty Years War of the best way to treat wounds.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File examines the role of Henry VIII in the establishment of the Royal Navy. It looks at why a navy was so important to England and how England fought sea battles before special fighting ships were built in Tudor times. It looks at the most famous ship built for Henry VIII, the Mary Rose, and the new dockyards that were built in Woolwich and Deptford. It describes what life was like aboard Tudor warships, and examines how sea battles changed to suit the new ships. This file includes links to the Fact File on the Woolwich and Deptford dockyards and to the Mary Rose museum.
Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO) is responsible for producing annual volumes of astronomical almanacs in the United Kingdom including the Nautical Almanac - a reference work for navigation at sea using a sextant. It is published jointly with the US Naval Observatory. Prices and ordering information is provided. They also produce astronomical data suitable for a wide range of users, including mariners, which can be obtained from the Astronomy Information Service of the National Maritime Museum. Some data is available on-line - `Daylight/Moonlight Diagrams', and 'Observers Calender', (supplied as compressed Postscript files and as Adobe Acrobat files). HMNAO is part of the Space Science and Technology Department at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and operates under the auspices of the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils.
The website 'Heritage Afloat' provides information on this charity, which was set up in 1993 to give a national voice to all those who are helping to preserve ships and all other aspects of Britain's maritime past. The site gives information on the Barcelona Convention, a Code of Good Practice for owners and operators of traditional vessels; the work of Heritage Afloat; and details of membership which also provides access to a discussion group.
This is the website of the Chatham Historic Dockyard Trust, and more specifically provides visitor information about the "The Historic Dockyard Chatham". The website of the museum interprets "the age of sail" for the general visitor and for school parties. The Museum of the Royal Dockyard on the River Medway, in Kent, covers 80 acres and contains over 40 ancient monuments and a wide range of exciting maritime and naval exhibits including three historic warships: HMS Gannet, 1878; HM Submarine Ocelot; and HMS Cavalier. Audio tours of the warships are available online. The dockyard was Britain's chief naval base from the time of Charles II until closure in the early 1980s. The site provides visitor information, detailing the exhibits and opening times, and providing contact details for school educators for using the learning resources of the museum.
This site is maintained by the Historic Naval Ships Association (HNSA) and vessels represented by the Association are included in this guide. Ships are listed by location, name, and type. The majority are American, but there are also ships from Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece and the Netherlands. The time periods represented include warships from the American Revolution (1775-1783), the Early American Republic (1797-1854), U.S. Civil War (1861-1865), the Spanish American War (1898), U.S. Coast Guard vessels of the inter-war period (1919-1939), merchantmen of World War II and a Soviet missile patrol boat of the Cold War (1945-1990). The types of vessels include battleships, cruisers, destroyers, submarines, PT boats, tall ships, tugboats, and deep-diving research submarines. The site also contains general information about the HNSA; associate members (listed by naval, maritime and military organisations; ship acquisition projects; other museums and for-profit ships; and suppliers of products and services); HNSA membership details; a list of reunion groups and periodicals which publish reunion notices; naval ship information on the Internet; U.S. Secretary of Interior's standards for historic vessel preservation projects; and information about the National Maritime Alliance.
The Submarine Force Museum in Groton, Connecticut, is the home of the submarine Nautilus SSN 571. It is the only submarine museum operated by the United States Navy, and as such is the primary repository for artifacts, documents and photographs relating to U.S. Submarine Force history. The museum traces the development of the 'Silent Service' from David Bushnell's Turtle, used in the Revolutionary War, to the modern Los Angeles, Ohio and Seawolf class submarines. The museum's collections include more than 18,000 artefacts, 20,000 significant documents and 30,000 photographs. The library contains 5,000 volumes of reference and research material related to the history of U.S. submarines and is open to the public. The site includes a virtual tour and history of the Nautilus SSN 571. There is also visitor information; links to other navy and submarine websites; a list of the commanding officers of the vessel; and information on the United States Submarine Force Medal of Honor.
The website 'Historic Ships in Baltimore' is dedicated to a collection of military vessels harboured in the US city. There are several ships: the famous USS Constellation; the US Submarine Torks; US Coast Guard Cutter Taney; and the Lightship Chesapeake. Also part of the museum is the historic Seven Foot Knoll Lighthouse dating from the middle of the 19th century. Each of these vessels has its own subsite with a short history, images and noteworthy events. Information is available for visiting and educational resources.
Historic ships in Baltimore (formerly the Baltimore Maritime Museum), in Maryland USA, features ships that represent America's maritime heritage. They include the Taney, the last warship afloat to have survived the attack on Pearl Harbour; the lightship Chesapeake and the submarine Torsk, that served in the Second World War. The site includes photos, information on the museum and its exhibits and a newsletter.
This excellent website, the Historical Atlas of the Mediterranean, provides access to a number of historical maps of the Mediterranean and the surrounding areas. Making use of the abilities available in newer geographical mapping systems, the website is able to present a number of interesting and important pieces of information on the sea and the various civilisations that developed and grew around its shores. The website is attractively designed and simple to navigate.
This website presents a collection of articles regarding history and computer security and cryptography. The articles include, for example, details on Captain Rochefort's oral history interview in 1969 by Commander Etta-Belle Kitchen. Captain Rochefort was assigned in June 1941 as OIC, Combat Intelligence Unit, Pacific Ocean Areas, located at Pearl Harbour. The article contains part of the original transcript, which concerns the attack by Japanese forces on the American naval base of Pearl Harbour in December 1941. The focus is on the role of United States Naval signal intelligence during the war, and its role with regards to the attack on Pearl Harbour. There are, further, articles on the breaking of the German enigma code during the Second World War and links to related sites for further information.
The Historical Maritime Society is a UK based research and re-enactment recreating the Royal Naval of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Members of the HMS research uniforms, costume, equipment and roles for all levels of naval personnel, from officers and crew to the naval gunnery, surgeons, marines and gentlewomen. The website contains: information on the work of the Society; events where the Historical Maritime Society will be appearing; research conducted by the Society into the life and times of Horatio Nelson and the Royal Navy of the Napoleonic Wars period; a photographic gallery of re-enactments and engagements; a discussion forum; news about the Society and the age of sail; and links to related sites.
This website publishes the lecture notes written by John Illsley, retired lecturer from Bangor University, for use by students taking the third year subject `History and Archaeology of the Ship'. Ships from ancient times until early modern times (18th Century) are presented and discussed. Appropriate references are given, but students should note that this website is no longer updated, affecting primarily the bibliography. There are seminar reports, essay questions, and hyperlinks to related websites. These lecture notes are accompanied by several pictures, but some are inaccessible. These pages are published by the Centre for Maritime Studies, Southampton University.
The Department Maps website at the History Department of the United States Military Academy is a collection of digitised maps covering battles fought in a wide range of historical periods and geographical areas. There are over 450 maps available, arranged by themes, which include: Ancient Warfare; Colonial Wars; The American Revolution; The Napoleonic Wars; The American Civil War; The Chinese Civil War; The Great War; World War Two (various geographic areas); The Arab-Israeli Wars; The Vietnam War; and various later wars, divided into in the western and eastern hemispheres. The maps are large and fairly detailed but as there is no accompanying background information on the conflicts, would be best used after or in conjunction with other reading material on the battles in question. The maps are available in various formats, including: GIF files; HTML; and EPS files, and would be useful to military historians and history students.
This is the website of a major international research and publishing project. The History of Cartography Project uses an interdisciplinary approach to examine maps in the context of the societies that made and used them. The project aims to publish a six-volume History of Cartography book series. As of March 2008, five books are available - Volume One, Volume Two (Books 1, 2, and 3), and Volume Three - all published by the University of Chicago Press. The website contains full details of the project, its members, and the David Woodward Memorial Fellowship. There are around 25 project newsletters for free download. The website also contains scans of 16 fine letterpress broadsheets in a series titled 'Literary Selections of Cartography', with scholarly commentaries. There is an online exhibition, 'Windows on the World: A Selection of Historical Maps'. There is also the full text in PDF format of a journal special-issue titled 'Exploratory Essays: History of Cartography in the Twentieth Century', which includes essays on: "The Politics of the Map in the Early Twentieth Century"; "Cognitive Map-Design Research in the Twentieth Century: Theoretical and Empirical Approaches"; and "Allied Military Model Making during World War II", among others.
This site focuses on the history the Russian Navy, from the first recorded naval battles of Medieval times, to the First World War. The site is part of RUSnet, an information service for the Research and High Education community of Saint-Petersburg and the North-Western region of Russia.
History-heritage is an online discussion list that examines the ways in which the past is, and has been, preserved, presented and consumed. The list is aimed at historians, heritage providers and other interested parties. The homepage includes instructions on joining and leaving the list, and a search engine. The list is hosted by JISCmail, the UK national academic mailing list service. Visitors to the history-heritage list can join or leave the list and view list archives, dating back to September 1998; these archives can be viewed by non-list members.
The website "HMB Endeavour replica" hosted by the Australian National Maritime Museum gives the latest news and information about the 'Endeavour', a replica of the ship in which Captain James Cook made his first voyage to Oceania. The ship has been described by the National Maritime Museum, Greenwic, as the world's best replica of an 18th century ship. She has sailed from Australia to Britain in several voyages and is very much a functioning vessel as well as a floating tourist attraction. The Captain's and crewmembers' reports may be read at the site, along with the charts of recent voyages. Information about refits and repairs is also included. There is also a section of the site devoted to the history of the project, and information for those who wish to sail the Endeavour, or assist with her maintenance. The history of the original ship, its specifications, the aim of its voyaged to the South Seas and more resources on Captain Cook's missions are also offered on the site.
This website details the history of Canada's 'Last Corvette' HMCS Sackville. The Corvette is maintained by the Canadian Naval Memorial Trust. HMCS Sackville operates as a museum and as a memorial to those who were in naval service. The website provides an events calendar listing events linked to HMCS Sackville and the work of the Canadian Naval Memorial Trust. An interactive tour of the corvette is given, and there are links to relevant websites, for example those which are concerned with the Canadian Navy, or with Canadian veterans. Anecdotal history is available via the History Archive section of this website.
This site was produced by members of the HMS Argonaut Association, which was originally set up by by former crew members who had served on ships named HMS Argonaut. The site provides information about ships named HMS Argonaut and photographs of the ships and sailors can be viewed. Details are provided about reunions and other events run by the association. In addition to the information given about ships named HMS Argonaut, the content includes a number of other Royal Navy ships. Some parts of the site are currently under construction.
This site focuses on HMS Barham which was sunk on 25th November 1941 by the German submarine U-331. Information on the site includes survivors' accounts; a history of the role HMS Barham played during WW2; and a section of questions relating to the vessel. Information is also provided on what is being done to protect the war grave site of HMS Barham and other warship war graves; casualty statistics and a related books list. The site also contains links to sites of further interest.
This website includes visitor information, as well the history of the HMS 'Belfast', information on the HMS 'Belfast' Association, educational resources, and links to sites of further interest, as well as to information at the Imperial War Museum on tracing family history. There is also a virtual tour of the ship (requiring either Flash or Java to view). The History of the HMS Belfast is described in this website. It provides a useful history of the service of this Royal Navy cruiser, from her construction in 1936, to her final commission in 1963. The history of HMS Belfast is broken into several chapters, covering the ship's specifications, the construction and launch, service in the Second World War, including Arctic convoys, operation Tungsten, and D-Day, post-war peacekeeping, and the Korean War. Throughout the text is illustrated with several good archival pictures. In 1971 she was saved for the nation, and is now moored as a museum on the River Thames. The vessel is part of the Imperial War Museum's group of museums.
HMS Cavalier Association campaigns for the preservation of the Cavalier as a heritage object and memorial to the destroyer men who died in WW2 on the Atlantic and Arctic convoys. HMS Cavalier is the only surviving Royal Navy World War Two destroyer. This website contains information on HMS Cavalier, such as its specifications; photographs; commissions; information on the association and membership; and links to sites of further interest.
Six vessels of the Royal Navy have had the name 'Cossack', and this vessel association is for those who served in the last two, which saw service between 1937 and 1941, and 1945 and 1959 respectively. The site includes crew memories, the histories of the vessels, and a photograph gallery.
This website focuses on a project to follow the route of HMS 'Endurance', a Royal Naval Patrol Ship, that travels annually from Portsmouth to Antarctica. Research is carried out in several regions throughout the journey and factfiles compiled about ecosystems, timezones and wildlife. The aims of the surveys are to increase knowledge of the environment as a whole, provide further understanding about how scientific natural history evolves and promote the related work of museums, the Royal Navy and the British Antarctic Survey Team through educational resources. There are several organisations involved in the project including the Royal Navy and their Hydrographic Office; the British Antarctic Survey Team; the Natural History Museum; Museum Victoria in Australia; the Albany Museum in South Africa; the Falklands Tourist Board and several schools in Britain. The website for the project contains information such as frequently asked questions about Antarctica; the current track of the journey of the 'Endurance' (which includes maps); information about the locations visited on route; diaries and weather reports. There are also factfiles about the construction of the 'Endurance', and Ernest Shackleton's voyage to Antarctica; as well as information on such subjects as the British Antarctic Survey, longitude and latitude, ecosystems, and food in Antarctica. The site also includes an interactive zone that contains quizzes and a section with links to further information, as well as educational, childrens' and museum resources.
This site contains information on the frigate HMS Trincomalee, which was built of teak for the British Admiralty in Bombay. She was launched in 1817 and is now the oldest British vessel afloat. She is a full 3-masted ship-rig with a 150 feet deck length. HMS Trincomalee saw active service throughout the world before spending some time as a training ship in Portsmouth under the name of Foudroyant. She is now berthed in Hartlepool's Jackson Dock. The site includes Historic Trincomalee: background information such as Sea Warfare in the Age of Sail, Construction, and the Royal Navy Service; Virtual Trincomalee, a virtual tour of the ship, including ships' plans; and visitor information.
These pages were created by Peter Milford of St.Vincent College, Gosport to commemorate the bi-centenary of the Battle of Cape St. Vincent. HMS Victory is preserved in Portsmouth Historic Dockyard. She is the only surviving 18th Century ship of the line, and is the flagship of the Second Sea Lord, Commander in Chief Naval Home Command. An illustrated virtual tour of the ship provides facts and figures, and views and information on various parts of the ship such as the weather deck and gundecks. The site gives an illustration of life on board the ship, comparing the lower deck with the Admiral's cabin, and looking at the galley, daily rations and the sickbay. Tourist information is also included.
HMS Warrior is the first and last armoured iron hull warship. She is now berthed in Portsmouth's Historic Dockyard. The site includes information on the construction, the history, and life on board the battleship, as well as on the officers, restoration, and facts and figures relating to the vessel. Visitor information and links to related sites are also included.
Formed in the 1950s, the Hong Kong Shipowners Association represents operators, ship finance banks, lawyers, insurers, shipbrokers and classification societies. The website is divided into five sections. The Association section covers: aims and history; fleet statistics (tonnage by flag and by type); committee members; contact details and membership details. The Members Directory gives contact details for: shipowners, ship managers and ship operators; classification societies, consultants and surveyors; marine equipment, shipbuilders, repairers and engine builders; marine insurance; maritime law; ship finance; ship registration and port authorities; shipbrokers; and other services to shipping. The site also contains news items from 1999 onwards, an events listing, a password protected members area and links to related sites. Parts of the site are also available in Chinese.
The Honourable Company of Master Mariners was founded in 1926 and aims 'to encourage and maintain a high and honourable standard of ability and professional conduct in the officers of the British Merchant Navy.' The site includes information on the history of the Company, and its Hall, HMS 'Wellington', and the Company structure. There is also a section of information on British seafaring, and links to sites of further interest, as well as a members' only area.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File is dedicated to the Royal Navy hero Horatio Nelson. The scene is set with sections on the years of change, revolution, and wars, before Nelson's birth. This is followed by details of his early career, his marriage to Frances Nisbet, and his affair with Lady Emma Hamilton. A short chronology details Nelson's major battles, promotions and injuries. Details of Nelson's ships, the nation's mourning and what became of Emma after Nelson's death at the Battle of Trafalgar are also included.
The research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum, is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. It provides a brief biography of Vice Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson, and additional pointers for other useful resources. Information for visitors to the Library is included.
The website 'Hospital ship Britannic', maintained by an enthusiast, traces the history of the Britannic, built in 1914 for the White Star Line, and with modifications following the Titanic disaster. The Britannic was requisitioned as a hospital ship in 1915 and modified again, making six voyages to the Mediterranean, evacuating thousands of wounded soldiers from the battlefields of the Eastern Front during World War I. However, the vessel was lost in only 55 minutes after a violent explosion in November 1916. The role of the Britannic as a hospital ship, the disaster itself, the mystery surrounding the cause of the explosion, and a description of the wreck are explained on this site, accompanied by photographs, diagrams and maps. Also included are a crew list, the ship's specifications, and a gallery of photographs, artwork and memorabilia.
This site gives information on the history of hovercraft development and operation, together with details on the craft and artefacts in the Hovercraft Museum. Hovercraft representing the various stages of development have been collected by the Hovercraft Society and later the Hovercraft Museum Trust; these are now on display at the Hovercraft Museum, Gosport. Collections include the Thornycroft Model Collection and the Hover Hawk Collection. The site gives a full inventory of Museum craft and items, in some cases with images and more information such as dimensions, performance, special features, and heritage value. The site includes links to the Hovercraft Museum and Society, as well as information on Sir Christopher Cockerell, and hovercraft history.
This section of the Hudson's Bay Company's website focuses on the Company's history and includes details of the Company's establishment and early years, biographies of some of the adventurers and information about the Company's archives. These are held at the Provincial Archives of Manitoba, Canada.
Founded in 1980 and located in the Historic Rondout Waterfront at Kingston, the Hudson River Maritime Museum preserves the maritime history of the Hudson River, its tributaries, and the industries that developed around it. The site includes information on Hudson River lighthouses; the Rondout district (with information on the Hudson River port 1850 - 1950); steamboats and sailing ships of the river; and Steamboats of the Hudson River by Robert Fulton. A section of the Museum site covers Henry Hudson and the 'Half Moon', documenting Henry Hudson's voyage of discovery, the early Dutch history in the Hudson Valley, the indian cultures Henry Hudson found on his voyage up the river, and a description of the 'Half Moon' replica and its sailing schedules. The site also includes visitor information, details of exhibitions and links to related sites.
The Hull Lifesaving Museum is located in the restored 1889 Point Allerton U.S. Lifesaving Station. The museum aims to preserve the Boston region's lifesaving tradition and maritime culture through collections, exhibits, education, and public service. The museum offers community outreach programs based on traditional wooden boat building and open water rowing. The museum website is designed around a menu with links to pages to visitor information, staff details, an online version of the museum newsletter the messenger line, photo gallery and event calendars.
This website describes the expedition launched in July 2001 by the Channel 4 and ITV television stations to find and film the wreck of the H.M.S. Hood, the pride of the Royal Navy's fleet, that was sunk in 1941 after engaging the German battleship Bismarck, during World War II. The site describes the history of the Hood's final conflict, and details the underwater investigative methods used to locate and film the wreck. In particular, the expedition sought to answer questions relating to why the Hood sunk so quickly, suspecting that the official inquiry's explanation that the Hood's magazines had been hit was flawed. The wreck was located in July 2001, and the website offers a regularly updated news section, reporting the latest finds from the search. Images and video clips filmed by the search team are available from the site. This well-presented site is primarily aimed at the general public, but a more academic audience may nevertheless be interested in the history provided, and the techniques being used to investigate the wreck. The results of the investigation will of course be of great interest to students of twentieth-century naval history, and of the Second World War.
A site designed to celebrate unlimited hydroplane racing. Although the site gives particular emphasis to the Golden Age of the '50's and '60's, coverage also extends back to the beginning of the 20th Century. There is a section on individual boat histories, with various facts, figures and photographs. Also included are descriptions and statistics of races including the Gold Cup and Harmsworth races. The history of the world straightaway speed record is also documented. The sport's personalities can be examined and a tributes section acknowledges those who lost their lives racing or in pursuit of the water speed record.
This website contains information on Ignatius Sancho (1729 - 1780), a former slave, who became to 18th Century British opponents of the slave trade a symbol of the humanity of Africans. The site includes information on Sancho's life, and selections from his letters, including his views on empire and slavery.
This online exhibition is part of the website of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, and focuses on the Museum's collection of maritime art. This was originally collected to illustrate the rise of British seapower from the Spanish Armada, through the period of colonial expansion in the 18th and 19th centuries. The exhibition is arranged in a broadly chronological display that brings together examples of 17th Century Dutch pictures alongside portraits and marine paintings by British artists, finishing with 20th Century war art.
This online "Photograph Archive Album" provides a selection of photographs from the Imperial War Museum Photo Archive. There are more than six million photographs in the collection and here you may look at about 100 images which have been presented by topic: First World War; the Second World War; conflicts post-1945; and the Falklands War. Each image can be enlarged by clicking on it. There is a brief description as well as the archive reference number. An order form is provided to obtain prints. The whole album or separate topics may also be downloaded in PDF.
On the website of the Imperial War Museum (IWM) Duxford there is information about the history of Duxford aerodrome as an early RAF station; the Normandy Experience; and the D-day landings, and the museum’s naval collection of aircraft. There are also links to the American Air Museum. The Imperial War Museum Duxford is part of the Imperial War Museum group of museums, and focuses on military aircraft such as: biplanes; Spitfires; Concorde; and Gulf War jets; as well as tanks and military vechicles. While the majority are static exhibits, a number of Duxford based historic aircraft are flown regularly in demonstrations and displays. The museum's website offers information and advice on the history of the airfield, visit planning, descriptions of the various collections and displays, and details of air shows and other special events. The site provides access to a number of online exhibitions, including one for example on the Battle of Britain. The site also has an education section which provides information on courses, special interest days, and includes a range of aviation and military history learning objects and materials for teachers and learners such as quiz sheets, reading lists, lesson plans, and an educational resources online catalogue.
The Imperial War Museum North focuses on how war shapes lives. The site contains details of exhibitions, which include objects and display areas covering key themes of 20th century. The major themes covered by the museum include Experience of War, Women and War, Science and War and Legacy of War. There is also information about the building itself, that is based on the concept of a globe shattered by war and conflict. The site includes visitor information, contact details and links to other Imperial War Museum sites.
The website of the Independence Seaport Museum, based in Philadelphia, reflects the maritime history of the area and its port with an attractive and well laid out resource. Exhibits include the history of Philadelphia's role in the China Trade that began in the late 1700s. Photos and information are available for the museum's two historic ships, the cruiser USS Olympia, and the submarine Becuna. There is an interesting oral history project bringing submariners and school students together, which includes a video. There is an educational program and the museum has a library which is also a maritime research centre for the region. Opening hours and contact details are provided.
This site contains an alphabetical listing of sailing ships, including schooners, barquentines, brigs and other merchant sailing ships that were either built or owned in Barrow-in-Furness, Ulverston or the Duddon during the years 1840 to 1920. For those vessels highlighted, there are links to further information, which includes the launch date, dimensions of the ship and the name of the shipbuilding company. In some cases there is also a brief history or photograph of the vessel. This is part of a wider website on maritime history, entitled Through Mighty Seas, which is maintained by an enthusiast.
Listed here are ships that were built at Glasson Dock, Lancaster including schooners, barquentines, brigs and other merchant sailing ships. A history of most of the ships is also provided including the year built, technical data, and sources of information. This page is part of the Through Mighty Seas website maintained by an enthusiast.
This site contains an alphabetical list of sailing ships, including schooners, barquentines, brigs and other merchant sailing ships that were built at Workington or Harrington. For those vessels which are highlighted, there is a link to more information, which includes the launch date, the ship's dimensions, details of the shipbuilder and a brief history of the vessel. In some cases there is also a photograph. This is part of a wider site on maritime history, which is entitled Through Mighty Seas and is maintained by an enthusiast.
The Indian Navy site is part of the official website of the Indian Armed Forces. The site includes links to the history of the Indian Navy, as well as images and descriptions of vessels, ranks, flags, uniforms, recent major operations, awards, and links to the Naval Hydrographic Department, and involvement in UN peace-keeping.
The Institute of Navigation is an (American) non-profit professional society dedicated to the advancement of the art and science of navigation. It serves a diverse community including those interested in air, space, marine, land navigation, and position determination. Essentially a national organisation, it does however, have a worldwide membership. The site includes information about the Institute's meetings, awards, membership, newsletters, and publications, which includes the quarterly journal `Navigation'. Links are provided to related sites.
The Association was established in 1991 and now includes 56 member and associate member companies. IAATO is dedicated to: appropriate, safe and environmentally sound private-sector travel to the Antarctic. Included on the site is brief information on the companies belonging to IAATO; an overview of Antarctic tourism; guidelines and operational procedures; information papers and tourism statistics; and links to sites of further information.
The International Association of Lighthouse Authorities (IALA) is an international technical association formed in 1957 by the aids to navigation authorities of 20 countries. The website contains: information on the work, organisation and history of the Association; details of IALA members and of IALA publications. The site is available in both English and French.
The International Journal of Naval History is an online journal committed to providing a forum for research and writing on naval history. It is edited by a group of academics, based largely in the United States and Europe. On this simple website users will find a good number of free online articles and book reviews on a variety of naval history topics. Also published on the site is news pertinent to this area of history, works in progress, notes, and information about how to submit work to the journal. This is an especially valuable site for researchers who are working on American naval history.
Established in 1993, the International Register of Shipping is an independent classification society engaged in the classification and certification of shipping. Site includes an outline of its services and products, and contact details of all its worldwide offices.
The International Ship Suppliers Association (ISSA) represents nearly 2,000 ship suppliers throughout the world. The website provides a ISSA Register listing ISSA members, and there is also an ISSA Code of Ethics; conditions for the international shipstore trade; credit control; a list of maritime links; membership information; and details of ISSA publications.
This is the website for the International Slavery Museum (ISM) based at the Albert Dock, Liverpool. It opened in August 2007 and is located within the Merseyside Maritime Museum. The museum explores the history of the slave trade and Liverpool's involvement, while addressing issues such as freedom, identity, human rights, racial discrimination and cultural change. The website includes 'Slaves' Stories', an online feature, and information about the history of the development and effects of the slave trade on Europe and Africa. There is a slavery history trail map of the city, archive information and details of the collections at the International Slavery Museum.
The International Transport Workers Federation (ITF) was founded in 1896 by European seafarers' and dockers' union leaders. The organisation brings together 621 transport trade unions in more than 137 countries world-wide, representing members in every branch of the transport industry. The ITF website contains information on the work and history of the union; offices; and particular workers' sections, such as fisheries, inland navigation, ports, and seafarers, with information about the groups, campaigns, links to further information, and policies. The publications section includes free publications such as ITF Information Sheets, and the ITF Handbook. Information is available on the ITF Seafarers' Trust, dedicated to the spiritual, moral and physical welfare of seafarers, including information on applying for a grant. The ITF News On Line is published weekly by email or the website and past articles are archived onsite (in PDF format). The site is also available in German, Spanish, French, Russian, and Swedish, as well as English.
This independent project has been undertaken by a photographer and lighthouse enthusiast and comprises a description, illustrated with a photograph, of over 400 lighthouses in Michigan, the Great Lakes, America, and the World. They are arranged alphabetically, geographically or chronologically by expedition. There is also a lighthouse bibliography.
The Intrepid Museum is a former US Navy WW2 aircraft carrier, now located in New York. Together with the submarine USS 'Growler' and over twenty-five aircraft visitors are treated to an inside look of life at sea, past, present and future. The destroyer U.S.S. 'Edson' and the guided missile submarine U.S.S. 'Growler' are also open. The site includes information on the aircraft of the 'Intrepid', such as a Blackbird spy plane, a British built Harrier jump jet, a Concorde passenger jet, and a Polish Mig 21. There is also information on exhibits, the flight stimulator, and events and activities, as well as visitor information.
This website details the lives of Irish mariners, and includes an index relating to thousands of Irish-born merchant seamen and individual voyages contained in the CR10 series of index cards in the Southampton Civic Archives. The website provides background information on how the index cards were found, catalogued and used. Of more interest are the details of several mariners from the catalogue found online: the website reproduces photographs of these men (split up by location) and, more importantly, a search option. The catalogue can be searched by surname, by forename or by identity number. The information provides includes full names, dates of birth, place of birth, and the voyages conducted. This website is a valuable tool for those interested in the lives of Irish merchant seamen or their own family history.
Mersey and Irish Sea Shipping is an on-line magazine for those interested in the Mersey and Irish Sea shipping scene. The site includes: maritime events, contacts, directories, features and queries (this includes a database of ships that have appeared on TV and films in the UK and Eire), marine radio, Irish sea cruise ship calls, news, a photo gallery, voyage reports, and a large number of links to related websites. The website contains advertising.
The Irish Seamen's Relatives Association (1939- 46) was specifically formed to provide as much information as possible for the benefit of relatives of seafarers who were killed as a direct result of belligerent action while serving on neutral Irish Registered Vessels during World War Two. The website includes information on crews of neutral Irish registered vessels sunk during WWII; a table of wrecks; legal details concerning merchant shipping and WW2; medals; Merchant Navy POWs; Photographs; Newspapers; links to sites of further interest; links to archives; and a history of the Irish Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleet during World War Two.
A collection of sources of information about the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company, this site is maintained by an enthusiast. Among the information included are excerpts from two books; The Isle of Man Steam Packet Co. Limited. 1830 - 1904, by A.W. Moore, published in 1904, and also How The Manx Fleet Helped In The Great War, by C.J. Blackburn, published in 1923. There is a list of ships used between 1830 and 1930 which includes date of launch, measurements and details of the shipbuilder. There are also images of some of the steamers, such as the Ellan Vannin, the Empress Queen and the Ramsey. The site includes a list of off-line sources for further reference.
Information on the Classic Boat Museum, Newport, is available on the Isle of Wight guide website. The Museum focuses on the work and skills of designers and craftsmen of the past. Collections include the river launch 'Flying Spray', the first racing yacht the 'Dragon Mistress', engines, equipment and sailing memorabilia.
Iziko Maritime Centre is a non profit organisation dedicated to the preservation of South Africa's Maritime Heritage. The Museum's expertise includes maritime archaeology, shipwrecks of South Africa, ship models, whaling, sealing, and ships visiting Cape Town. The website provides information about the South African Maritime Museum including research projects, associated societies (Maritime Archaeology Society South Africa - MASSA), and services (shipwreck enquiries, conservation advice, ship model building and restoration, and ship plans). Highlights of the displays include a postal stone from 1632, small boats made in Cape Town, a coracle picked up by the MV Vergelegen, and the whaleboat Kwagga. There is also information on the John H Marsh Maritime Research Centre, focusing on South Africa's maritime heritage.
In 1753 James Lind published his Treatise of the Scurvy. The work is a record of his clinical trial of a number of potential cures for the disease. In this paper, published in the National Maritime Museum Journal for Maritime Research (January 2002), Bartholomew seeks to establish Lind's theory of the disease and describes his clinical practice in the years following the publication of the Treatise. Bartholomew argues that Lind did not in actual fact accept the efficacy of fruit and vegetables in the treatment of scurvy.
This attractively designed website provides information on Jean Bart at Gravelines and is the home page for an historical theme park at Gravelines (Nord), in France. Although much of the website is dedicated to open times and park information, there is nevertheless some useful information on the navy of Louis XIV and the seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century French navy. Of greatest importance is the gallery of images, which contains a number of pictures of French naval ships and French naval officers' uniforms. The website has grown out of the discovery, in 1985, of a number of sunken French ships which, in 1692, attempted to return James II, the Catholic king deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688, to the throne. The website is being continually updated, and is available in both French and English throughout.
Jilas: Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies is a scholarly ejournal, published in English and Spanish. A large number of articles are available online, and the contents will interest historians and those working in cultural studies. There is a special issue on the theme of 'Latin American Cultural and Subaltern Studies', with all articles freely available in full-text form. At May 2009 there are details of 26 issues, with most free full-text articles available between 1996 (Vol. 2.1) and 2003 (Vol. 9.2). Examples of other full-text articles in English are: 'A New Law for a New Crime: Anticommunism in Argentina, 1930–1940'; 'Demystifying Media Globalisation in Latin America'; and 'The Steam Engine in Cuba’s Sugar Industry, 1794–1860'; among others. The hypertext linking of issues is in error on the index page, and the numbered issue titles should be used as links, not the theme titles (which all point to page /jilas52.htm regardless of issue). The journal is published by AILASA (Association of Iberian and Latin American Studies of Australasia), and the website has contact details and details of editors.
This section of the Royal Observatory Greenwich's website provides information on the manufacture of John Harrison's marine timekeepers, together with some notes about Harrison and the timekeepers themselves. The five sections of the site cover: the longitude problem; brief biographical details on John Harrison; the Harrison timekeepers (with images and an animation of the balance mechanism); winning the longitude prize; brief biographical details on Rupert Gould; and books available to purchase from the National Maritime Museum's shop and links to related site.
The John Paul Jones Cottage Museum, Arbigland, Scotland portrays the life of The Father of the American Navy. The website gives information on his life, a brief history of the cottage, and how to support the John Paul Jones Birthplace Museum Trust. Displays in the Museum include a scale model of the 'Bonhomme Richard', and video presentations. The site also includes visitor information.
John's Nautical and Boatbuilding Page is a website that focuses on boatbuilding and sailing for enthusiasts, with information relating to boats, covering themes from nautical literaure to the US Navy. The site contains advertising.
The Joshua Slocum Society International was founded in 1955 by sailing enthusiast Richard Gordon McCloskv to record, encourage, and support long distance passages in small boats. It is a non profit cooperation, inaugurated in 1972. The society has three main goals which are; reporting and recording the adventures of small boat sailors; recognizing significant voyages and acts of heroism at sea; and keeping sea history alive, especially the memory and legacy of Captain Joshua Slocum. Members include sailors, circumnavigators, yachtsmen, boat builders, and small boat sailors as well as arm chair sailors and historians. The site includes; membership details; information about the society's newsletter Spray, Ahoy! and the annual journal, The Spray; details of international contacts; information about the Slocum Award; details of books, videos, models and other gifts available from the Society; a table of solo circumnavigators, starting with Joshua Slocum; a timeline of Joshua Slocum's life and travels; and links to other sources of information about Joshua Slocum.
Produced by the National Maritime Museum, the Journal for Maritime Research (JMR) is a fully-refereed electronic journal devoted to the multi-disciplinary study of maritime history. Recent articles are highlighted on the homepage, and testify to the breadth of topics in this interesting publication, with strong offerings related to maritime identity, slavery, seafaring cultures, the Royal Navy, exploration, mapping and topography, Lord Nelson and Trafalgar, and legends and studies of sea life and maritime mammals. Abstracts of current and archived periodical articles running back to 1999, along with academic works in progress, and conference reports are available to read online but users need to subscribe to read the full text. Users can also purchase articles individually and view a number of previous articles without any subscription. The journal also includes book reviews and extracts. Users need to be subscribers to read the full book reviews but bibliographic details of each publication and a brief review are freely available. Information on how to subscribe and submit articles is provided, as is the editorial from the latest edition and a list of the journal's editorial board members.
The website 'The Journal of Slavic Military Studies' is the homepage of this refereed academic quarterly published by the Taylor and Francis Group. The editors are supported by a large editorial board, whose affiliations are listed. The site gives a broad description of the journal's field of speciality, claiming that the quarterly embraces the entirety of military affairs of the Slavic nations of East Central Europe, with a historical and political focus. It also offers "a vehicle for central and eastern European security and military analysts to air their views ... [making] the journal a must for academics, military figures and civilians alike who are interested in this region's security and military affairs." In practise, the journal's reliance upon newly released Soviet and Russian archival documents and tables of contents point to a more specific interest in Soviet history and recent Russian military policy. Tables of contents and abstracts are available for recent issues, and registered users can request a free sample issue. Information is given for those wishing to subscribe, send in submissions, or advertise.
This Web site of the Juno Beach Centre focuses on Canadian involvement in the Second World War. The site presents itself as an online museum to compliment the exhibition staged at Canada's World War II museum in Normandy, France. All exhibitions are administered by the Ontario non-profit organisation, the Juno Beach Centre Association. The site, Museum and Association are named in reference to the Normandy Landings of D-Day, 6 June 1944, when Canadian troops landed on Juno Beach as part of the Allied forces.
With one of its sections, entitled 'Canada in WWII,' the site offers a series of introductory historical essays, disconcertingly written in the present tense, but nonetheless a good introduction to the Canadian perspective of the interwar period, the declaration of war and participation in the war. These pages provide plenty of detail and historic photographs, courtesy of a number of archives and libraries. Notable sections include those on people; weapons; the Canadian Army; the Canadian Women's Army Corps; the Royal Canadian Engineers; the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF); medical services; the Royal Canadian Navy; the merchant navy; the Atlantic convoys; and an interactive centre which allows users to explore further information, notably on weapons.
The remainder of the site offers a virtual tour of the museum's exhibitions; an events calendar; teaching resources; a press room; a photo gallery; and visitor information. The site is available in English and French.
Brief information on Kinnaird Head, Scotland's Lighthouse Museum, is available on this website. Kinnaird Head, Fraserburgh was the first lighthouse built by the Commissioners for Northern Lighthouses in the 1780s, and is now used to tell Scotland's lighthouse story.
Part of the Library of Congress's Global gateway, the Kraus Collection of Sir Francis Drake is a Web resource composed of important contemporary material relating to Drake and his voyages in the Americas during his circumnavigation of the globe, 1577-80. This is a fascinating website offering a great amount of rare and valuable material. Freely available via the site are digital images of 11 manuscripts, 29 books, 8 maps and views and 7 medals and portraits, spanning the years 1579-1765. Each item is available in full, and the collection may be searched by keyword, and browsed by author, title, and subject. The images are easy to browse and will be of immense interest and value for undergraduates, graduates and researchers. This is especially true of some of the rare materials, such as a letter from Mercator to Ortelius, and the only known copy of Nicholas Breton's 1581 account of Drake's voyage. The images are of high quality and are available in several resolutions and formats, though the majority of these are viewable in a Web browser. The documents are presented in their original language, without translations. This website also makes available the catalogue of the collection, first published in 1970 as part of Hans P. Kraus's 'Sir Francis Drake: a Pictorial Biography'. The catalogue entries link to the digitised versions of the items. In addition, the catalogue entries give bibliographical information and useful accounts of the documents in their historical context. The site also includes Kraus's 'Pictorial Biography' and an informative 'Historical Introduction' by David Waters and Richard Boulind. The site includes a timeline and a selection of images illustrating 'The Actors and Their Stage', which may help to make the collection more accessible as it shows portraits of the principal figures mentioned in the catalogue, and maps of the places covered by the collection. There is also an account of the genesis and building of the collection, and a page linking to related resources on the Library of Congress website.
This wide-ranging and attractively produced website, 'Underwater archeology', available in French, English and Arabic, provides an illustrated introduction to the history, methods and major discoveries of underwater explorers, particularly those carried out by the research teams of DRASSM, the Départment des recherches archéologiques subaquatics et sous-marines of the French Ministry of Culture. Underwater archaeology has had a long, though sporadic, history, from the time Roman divers salvaged the cargo of amphoras from a shipwreck in the first century BC to the development of the modern aqualung by Cousteau and Gagnan in 1943. The resource features: a historical chronicle of major developments in maritime archaeology particularly since the designs of Leonardo da Vinci followed by the practical attempts to construct artificial breathing apparatus in the 17th century; an outline of the principal methods of underwater prospection and excavation of wrecks together with notes about the conservation of submerged organic materials; a major survey of shipwrecks around the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of France (a sample of some 700 known) in addition to others sites in Malta, Gabon, Martinique and the Indian Ocean; an account of underwater archaeology in Egypt, in particular the spectacular rediscovery of the submerged parts of Alexandria and of the numerous Greek and Roman wrecks off the Egyptian coast. This notable didactic resource will benefit and improve both amateurs and professionals alike, especially undergraduate students of Mediterranean archaeology and history but also anyone interested in wider issues of world archaeology, trade routes, conservation of underwater finds and heritage issues related to shipwreck sites.
This website is maintained by the Tasmanian Sail Training Association. The site traces the history of the original ship The Lady Nelson and also provides information about a Lady Nelson replica from Tasmania. Visitors can book a cruise on the replica Lady Nelson. There is also information about becoming a member of the Tasmanian Sail Training Association, and about events and training days run by the association.
The Lake Champlain Maritime Museum is centred upon the history of the Champlain Valley. The museum has three branches: the Museum at Basin Harbor; the Burlington Shipyard; and the Maritime Research Institute. The latter is engaged in the archaeological study of the lake's cultural resources, conservation of artifacts, historical research and outreach. Exhibits include replicas of the gunboat Philadelphia II and the War of 1812 American flagship Saratoga. The website provides users with information about the three sites, educational research programmes, and dates of special exhibitions for the current year.
The Lake Superior Marine Museum Association is a nonprofit organization incorporated to assist the Canal Park Marine Museum in Duluth to provide informative programs for marine enthusiasts and historians. The website includes information on the Association's journal, Nor'Easter, and membership, as well as a link to the Museum.
Windermere Steamboats Salvage Scheme focuses on key stages in the development of steam launches on Windermere. Some of the exhibits have been salvaged from sunken wrecks and restored to working order. The website gives a history of the Museum and the boats, as well as events and recent news, and visitor information and links to related sites.
Built for Henry the Eighth, Landguard Fort Felixstowe is the only fort in England to have repelled a full scale invasion attempt. The website describes the Fort's history, defences, modifications during the centuries, and its reconstruction. The site includes a selection of images from the Royal Marines Museum and pictures of the renovation, together with information on rifled muzzle loading guns and one of the Governors of Landguard Fort, Captain Philip Thicknesse.
This site focuses on the story behind the life of Captain Hans Wilhelm, Commander of Admiral Graf Spee in 1938. The site includes extracts and photographs from the book; the historical and biographical background to Captain Langsdorff and the Graf Spee; information on the Battle of the River Plate in 1939, and the aftermath; FAQs; and a photo gallery. This site accompanies a book written by Joseph Gilbey.
Listed here are bibliographies of books and articles about a wide range of nautical and naval subjects, including sea shanties, ships (specific ships and classes of ship), naval architecture, rigging, seamanship and dictionaries. This page is part of the maritime history virtual archives website maintained by an enthusiast.
This webpage provides an account of the final actions of Sir Richard Grenville and the Revenge against the Spanish Armada in the Azores in September 1591. This was recorded by John Huyghen Van Linschoten, a Dutch explorer known for his journey to India (1583-1588), who later spent time in the Azores after a shipwreck, and was in a position to obtain first hand evidence of the battle of the Revenge. This is one of several primary source documents which located on the website TudorHistory.org, which is maintained by an enthusiast.
This website includes information about ocean liners of France, Germany, Greece, the UK and United States and promises more from other countries. There are separate pages for each company with background details and sections about the ships in their service from the early 19th century to the present day. The pages contain contemporary photographs, postcards, printed ephemera of the ships and links to related websites. Teachers and undergraduates will especially find this site to be a good illustrated resource for initial study of the historic period of steamship travel from roughly 1860 to 1960. Users can search an index of over 100 names of famous ocean liners. The site's offerings on the Cunard line are particularly strong. Nonetheless, the site would benefit from more substantial historical essays, and teachers would do well to supplement the site's attractive pictorial information. Parts of the site were still under construction and there were some broken links at the time of review.
The website 'Letters of Philip II, King of Spain (1592-1597)' offers online digital versions of the correspondence between the king and the Royal Governor of Spain's northern coast, Don Diego de Orellana de Chaves. The time in which the letters were sent coincided with wars between Spain, and England and France. For each letter, the site provides a summary of the contents in English and Spanish, a transcription of the text in Spanish, and the image facsimile of the original. In addition to some notes about the transcription method, there is also available a description of the collection and the letters, which put them in historical context. The letters are physically kept at the Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University (Utah, USA), and according to the authors of the site they have never been published before.
This site provides access to a selection of letters written by the King of Spain (Philip II) between 1592 and 1597. The majority of the letters are addressed to Don Diego de Orellana de Chaves, the Royal Governor of Spain's northern coast during the naval war against England and France from 1592 to 1597. The letters are arranged in chronological order. The letters are available as facsimile copies of the originals and as transcriptions. All the letters are in Spanish but have an English summary. The site has approximately 180 letters which are arranged in chronological order. The collection of letters is held by the Special Collections Department of the Harold B Lee Library at Brigham Young University, and have not been previously published. The website has been developed by Richard Hacken.
This is an online exhibition of maps and navigational instruments developed by the University of Virginia, exploring how the American continent has been portrayed. There are links to sites of further information.
This web page is published as part of the National Library of Wales online Treasures collection. It features digitised copies of eighteenth century sea charts of the Welsh coast, made by hydrographer Lewis Morris. Also on the site are the early nineteenth century revisions made to the charts by his son William Morris. The charts cover the entire Welsh coast and over twenty-five harbour plans, and their appearance marked a significant improvement in the marine survey of the Welsh Coast. There are over 50 images in total, which have been digitised to a high standard and are easy to navigate.
Part of the Liddle Collection at Leeds University Library is the Royal Navy and Merchant Navy [RNMN] Section containing over 430 sets of personal papers of men who served in the Navy during the First World War. This webpage provides Information on this collection including background information and details of the scope and content. This includes: diaries; personal letters; scrap books; Admiralty and naval papers; ship's magazines; and concert party programmes. Many of the key areas of naval engagement are represented, especially the bombardment of the Dardanelles and the Gallipoli landings, the Battle of Jutland, the raids on Zeebrugge and Ostend, and the surrender and scuppering of the German High Seas Fleet. Admission times and details about using the special collections are provided elsewhere on the Library's site.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File describes life and conditions on board Royal Navy and merchant navy vessels. It looks at the laws to improve conditions for seamen, discipline and the harsh punishments at sea, together with the typical punishments administered. It discusses the kinds of food available and who it was cooked by along with the other kinds of jobs and class distinctions found on board ship. It explains what pressgangs were, what happened to sick seamen, seafarers' pay and what sailors did when they were off duty.
There are nine lighthouses around the coast of Cornwall. A brief history of each lighthouse and its location is shown on a map. There is also information about the construction, lighting and manning of the lighthouses. This section is part of the `Cornwall Calling' website which provides travel and tourist information.
Lighthouses of Australia is a non-profit organisation which aims to create a higher profile for Australian lighthouses within Australia and overseas and thereby preserve, protect and promote their place within our history. There are lists of lighthouses in each state, with photos, technical data, history, links to other lighthouse organisations, museums, resources and associated information. There are also membership details and an online bulletin.
A website devoted to the history and lore of lightships and lighthouse tenders. It is maintained by Eastwind Publishing, Maryland, USA, who are publishers of books on lightships, lighthouses and other historical and maritime subjects. The section on lightships includes information on their origins, the first US lightship, as aids to navigation, scientific advances, and lighthouse districts. The second section includes the history of lighthouse tenders (which refers to commissioned vessels of the Lighthouse Service, other than lightships) and brief information and photographs about the lighthouse tender Rose. Both sections contains thumbnail images of some of the ships. There are links to related websites and a list of books on the subject published by Eastwind publishing. The website contains frames.
This website documents an AHRC-funded collaboration between the University of Liverpool’s School of History and the Liverpool Record Office to computerise the city’s unique local studies sheaf catalogue and create resource finding guides, essays and commentaries around the most important historical writing about Liverpool. These are available online (as will the catalogue be, on its completion in 2009) and cover seven different topics: Archive Sources – introductions to conducting research in the record office; Culture; Maritime and port history, including shipping companies, emigration and the slave trade; Politics; Society; Urban history, building and planning, including the city’s architecture; Work, business and the economy. The project builds on the 2006 publication ‘Liverpool 800: Culture, Character and History’. This website is a very useful resource for anyone embarking on the study of the city of Liverpool.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Liverpool Trade and Shipping, 1744-1786', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). The aim of this project was to produce a machine-readable edition of the Liverpool Plantation Registers 1744-84, and of the known voyages, masters, shipowners, and life histories of the vessels listed therein through to 1786. Key topics covered include: Liverpool overseas trade and shipping; transatlantic voyage patterns; slave trade; Liverpool shipowners and merchants; war and its impact on trade and shipping.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum, is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. It gives a brief outline of the history (from 1696 - 1975) of Lloyd's List, a newspaper reporting shipping movements and casualties, maritime news and other commercial information.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File looks at the practice of painting load lines on the sides of merchant ships, which became commonplace in the time of Samuel Plimsoll. It explains why ships should not be overloaded, the concern for safety at sea, sailors' worries about the dangerous condition of ships, and Plimsoll's involvement and discoveries. The Fact File includes several verses of a popular song written about him. Details of when load lines became compulsory and how they work are also included.
This paper focuses on the period 1950 to 1970 when containerisation in the United States revolutionized maritime shipping and labour. How the unions representing longshoremen in San Francisco and New York responded to the increasing mechanization of cargo handling is a significant part of this study. The article ends with a list of publications referred to by the author. This article is part of the National Maritime Museum Journal for Maritime Research (December 1999).
The website 'Los Angeles Maritime Museum' is the homepage of this institution which was founded in 1980, and is situated in the former Municipal Ferry Terminal in the Port of Los Angeles. The seven galleries of exhibits explore the maritime history of Southern California. The site includes visitor information, together with information on the tugboat Angels Gate and brief information on the collections and research facilities.
Lost Liners is an online database of fifty cruise liners, which were built and sailed during the late nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century. Developed by two maritime enthusiasts the site is well written and designed, providing historical accounts, pictures, and technical details of a variety of ocean liners. On the site are the histories of ships built by the White Star Line, Cunard, the Anchor Line, the Hamburg America Line, Canadian Pacific, North German Lloyd, P&O, Fairfield Shipping and the Blue Anchor Line. Amongst the ships covered are the Britannic, Lusitania, Morro Castle, and the Titanic. The site offers some downloads, which students and other users may find interesting.
Berthed at Lowestoft, the Lydia Eva is the last surviving steam drifter. She is being restored to full sea-going condition by the Lydia Eva Charitable Trust Ltd. The site gives information on the vessel's history and her career in both the herring industry and the Royal Navy. Advertising is contained on the site.
This Web page is the personal site of the Gibraltarian historian M. G. Sanchez. The website contains a lot of historical material relating to the colony of Gibraltar. The material available is perhaps a little eclectic - ranging from historical documents on topics as varied as alcohol, prostitution and eighteenth-century poems to a list of famous authors and their works on Gibraltar (including Benjamin Disraeli; Sir Walter Scott; and Mark Twain), books on Gibraltar and Gibraltarian photographs. The amount of information available is impressive, but as there is no real introduction to the history of Gibraltar and no real discussion or annotation of the available sources, this site would perhaps not be especially beneficial to those unaware of the issues and themes in the history of the rock.
The Maine Maritime Museum, situated on the banks of the Kennebec River in Bath, was founded in 1962 to collect and preserve materials relating to the maritime history of Maine. The Museum comprises of gallery exhibits and an historic shipyard site. The site provides users with travel directions to the museum, admission charges and times, a list of available accommodation and other places of interest within the local area.
The Nautical Museum is located on the Isle of Mann, and is a branch of the Manx National Heritage. The displays centre on the 18th Century armed yacht Peggy lying in her original boathouse. The site includes information on the Cabin Room, built in the form of a stern cabin of Nelson's day, and the Sailmaker's Loft. The site is part of the Manx National Heritage section of the Isle of Man Government website.
This is the main website for 'MapHist: e-mail discussion group on the history of cartography'. The list concentrates on... "historical maps, atlases, globes and other cartographic documents", and membership is open to all interested parties. The website hosts an 'Illustration page' and a 'Discussion papers' page, where members deposit scholarly items for the list to discuss. These pages are open to non-members. There is also a 'History of Maphist' page, and external links to old (pre-2002) archives of the mailing-list. There is a short page about dragons and other monsters that appear on early maps, containing some details of the history of such maps, and a partial list of known early examples. MapHist is not to be confused with Maphist Article Manager, an annotation software tool for historical maps.
'Maps: finding our place in the world' is an innovative interactive recreation of an exhibition of historical maps that was held as part of The Festival of Maps (Chicago, 2007-2008). The exhibition included fictional maps, such as those by J.R.R. Tolkien, and Bernard Sleigh's 'Anciente Mappe of Fairyland'. Clicking on exhibits brings up a pop-up box with an image and text about that exhibit. The exhibition was supported by the Federal Council on the Arts and the Humanities. This website may be of interest not only to historians and map collectors, but also to those examining new ways to present and archive gallery exhibitions online. A printed book version of the exhibition was published as 'What is a Map? A collection of unusual maps from Maps: Finding Our Place in the World' (University of Chicago Press, 2007).
MARHST-L is an international electronic discussion group sponsored and administered by the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston with the assistance of Queen's University at Kingston. Subscription is free, and subscribers will automatically receive messages in their computer mailboxes. The purpose of the group is to promote communication among persons with a serious interest in maritime history and maritime museums. This list provides a forum for ideas and a place where subscribers may ask for information, post notices of meetings, programs for conferences, announcements of new scholarly projects, and queries about particular problems. Emails are archived back to 1994 when the group was established and can be searched by keyword. Details of how to subscribe are included.
The Marine Leisure Association (MLA) is the representative body for UK based sailing and motor boat schools. The website provides a list of Royal Yachting Association (RYA) recognised training establishments and courses. The list, which is split geographically by region, gives contact details, a link to the sailing school websites, a list of specialities, and a brief description of the school facilities and sailing conditions. Also included on the site are federation membership details, and links to related sites.
Established in 1975, the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes incorporates renovated historic shipyard structures, the Pump House Steam Museum, the retired ice breaker Alexander Henry, a library and a drydock which is being restored by the Great Lakes Maritime Heritage Centre. Exhibits cover Lake Ontario shipwrecks, sail and steam, industrial archaeology and steam engine rooms. Research papers on the site include: a narrative description of the Archival Collections; the Kingston Dry Dock (with photographs and an extensive bibliography); the restoration of the steam launch Phoebe, with a photo archive; an introduction to the sources for the study of Great Lakes history at the National Archives of Canada; and government archives sources relating to marine casualties in Canada. The Finding Aids were produced by staff at the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston, and include access to information on the following; Port Arthur shipyards, German & Milne, Collingwood Shipyards, Upper Lakes Shipping, and the Vickers Shipyard Collection. The scope and content of the collection is described, as are the textual corporate records subgroup and the second subgroup of naval architectural drawings. A number of indexes and databases are available to search, and a sample of photographs relating to Canada Steamship Lines are included. The site also includes: visitor information; museum publications; a series of finding aids; MarHst-L, an international listserve for marine history; the Preserve Our Wrecks Photo Project; and brief details of educational programmes. Links to related websites and to companies which support the Marine Museum are included on the site.
This section of the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston website provides links to a range of collections catalogues and research resources. Information is available on: the Library; artifacts; the Museum Ship; 'Alexander Henry'; the Wallace and Mills Ship Lists (the former covering over 3,000 Canadian sailing ships; the latter, over 6,000 steamships from 1817-1930); and the Ship Register Database (of 13,000 vessels, ranging from about 1760 - 1930). The Snider Index, an index to Schooner Days a series of articles that appeared in the former Toronto Telegram, is also included, as well as access to the Listserve MARHST-L, an email list for those with an interest in maritime history and maritime museums.
On the Marinelink website is current international maritime news. Users can read the introductions to the articles but need to be members to read further. They also need to be members to access the maritime yellow pages; and data and statistics. It is free to become a member, however, after completing a registration form. Classified advertisements including employment, marine marketplace and a calendar of upcoming events are openly available. The Company publish the Maritime Reporter and the Marine News and subscription details are included.
The Dutch Naval Museum based at the former naval dockyards at Den Helder displays the history of the Royal Netherlands Navy from the Spanish Uprising in the sixteenth century onwards. The website gives details of three museum ships open to the public at Den Helder: the Minesweeper HNLMS Abraham Crijnssen, famed for its daring escape from the Japanese in WWII, the Submarine HNLMS Tonijn, the only Dutch submarine on permanent display to the public and the ironclad Schorpioen. Users can access ship histories of these vessels and technical data. The website also contains details of the collection of naval maintenance containing sections on the state dockyard `Willemsoord', and naval armaments facilities and naval and electronic facilities; a photo gallery; visitor information; and links to sites of further information.
Mariners focuses on researching marines and ships of the merchant marine and the world's navies. Ten countries are listed and for each research guides, addresses, related Internet sites, and any other relevant sources of information are provided. The countries included on the site are United Kingdom, United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, West Indies, Germany, Denmark, Finland and Norway. There is also a listing for ships (WWI and WWII Standard built); shipping companies; the East India Company; disasters at sea; a booklist featuring books about shipping companies and naval fleets; and general research (Lloyd's maritime records, mailing lists and related Internet links).
The lists on this site have been transcribed from microfilm reels of Inwards Passengers Lists, concentrating on the 1870s, which are held at the Shipping Master's Office, State Records Authority of New South Wales. It is possible to browse the list by year and month, vessel by vessel. It is also possible to locate a name by using the keyword search facility. An enthusiast maintains the site.
This site contains information on the collection highlights of the Mariners' Museum, located in Virginia, United States of America. Collections covered are those of ephemera, figureheads, fine and decorative arts, ship models, photography, and scientific instruments.
The website "Mariners' Museum Online Exhibitions" showcases the resources available online from this museum based in Virginia. Themes include; Exploration through the Ages; USS 'Monitor', History and Legacy; Captive Passage, the Transatlantic Slave Trade and the Making of the Americas; Battle of the Atlantic, Allied Naval Intelligence in World War II; Birth of the United States' Navy, and Women and the Sea. Each exhibition has its own site, with manifold information. This website is a good resource for the maritime history, world trade and naval history.
This is the website of the Mariners' Museum, Newport News, Virginia, USA. This museum is the National maritime museum and on the website you can see highlights of the collections and exhibitions including: the USS Monitor artefacts (from the ironclad battleship of the American Civil War); the Chris-Craft collection; Captive Passage - The Transatlantic Slave Trade and the Making of the Americas; and the USS Monitor Center. There are extensive online resources for educators from the museum's programmes that include: the Birth of the US Navy; the Battle of the Atlantic, (Allied Naval Intelligence in the Second World War); Women and the Sea; The Age of Exploration (includes Christopher Columbus); and Waters of Despair, Waters of Hope - African-Americans; and the Chesapeake Bay: Our History and Our Future. There is detailed information and finding aids for the collections. You may search the catalogues of the collections of the library and research archives, and review visiting and research information, including brief descriptions of material comprising the photography collection; and the Elwin M. Eldredge Collection database which contains records for 352 American steamship companies. .
The Naval Museum focuses on the collection and conservation of artefacts that document the history and development of Sweden's Navy in the growth of Sweden as a Great Power during the 17th century, and developments in warship design and shipbuilding. The site includes information on ships available for viewing, admission and opening times; and is available in English and German, as well as Swedish.
Maritiem Museum Rotterdam is the oldest maritime museum in the Netherlands. Exhibitions include: WorldPort Rotterdam; inland shipping; and an activity section for children. Information on the website covers: the museum ship Buffel, a 19th-century turret-ram schip; the library; and visitor information. It is possible to search the joint collection of Maritiem Museum Rotterdam and Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum Amsterdam. This Collection Search System is available in English and Dutch. Information about the museum is available in English, Dutch, French and German, via the main section of the homepage.
'Maritime and naval museums in Britain and Ireland' is an online guide that lists about 290 maritime and naval museums in Britain and Ireland, in alphabetical order. The site also contains seven additional files: a set of small scale maps showing the locations of the museums; a regional index to the listed museums; maps of their locations; an auxiliary list of approximately 700 historic and classic vessels in the British Isles; details of some classic non-museum vessels in commercial or private operation; links to other sites related to maritime museums and heritage; a condensed version of the information on museums; and an introduction to the site. Entries in the files contain information such as contact addresses, opening times, Web site (if available), and a short description of the collections. The historic vessels are museum-ships in their own right, privately owned, or part of the collection of one of the museums listed.
The Maritime Command Museum was established to preserve the military heritage of Canada's maritime forces, and is one of the Canadian Department of National Defence museums. The site includes information on the history of the museum; military uniforms from 18th to 20th Century; naval weapons, swords and guns; Canadian naval service medals; Canadian naval ships; the Battle of the Atlantic and WWII Convoys. Small images of items from the collections are offered on the site, although they cannot be enlarged. Visitor information is included.
This page lists Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) asked of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. The FAQ Archive is listed in the left hand column. The questions are divided into the following categories: Royal Navy; Passenger Liners (namely, Queen Elizabeth 2, Lusitania and Mauretania ); Customs and Origins; Battles; People; Topography; Titanic; Vessels; Astronomy; On Board; and General. Questions cover Horatio Hornblower, Admiral Byng, Napoleon, Captain Scott, Foudroyant medallions, the biggest tanker and warship ever built, navigation lights, the British Empire and the South Sea Company.
The Maritime Heritage Project and its interesting website are run by an enthusiast dedicated to preserving the history of California's shipping from the 1850s to the turn of the century. The project focuses on steamships serving the West Coast of the United States, their captains, and passengers. The site contains a search engine for 30,000 ships, captains and passengers; a record of sailings in alphabetical order; information on barques, brigs, ships, clippers, steamships and ship wrecks; captains sailing from the Port of San Francisco; VIPs and ports. There is a blog, which is little used. The site also contains books and links to sites of further interest.
This website contains a collection of documents focusing on the history of the Great Lakes of Canada and America. The site comprises newspaper transcripts (with a search engine for Great Lakes newspaper collections); ship lists; shipwrecks; historical documents; articles; and research collections of the Great Lakes area.
Established in 1989, Maritime History Publications publish on both the national and international level operating from Memorial University of Newfoundland. The site includes information on the International Maritime Economic History Association (IMEHA) which publishes the semi-annual International Journal of Maritime History (IJMH) and Research in Maritime History (RIMH). Details of past issues of RIMH are available for the years 1991-2002. The IJMH section contains indexes for the years 1989-2000, and contents pages for the period June 1999 to December 2002. Subscription details for these two publications are provided.
The website "The Maritime History Virtual Archive" is published by an academic at the University of Upsala. It deals with seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth century maritime history in England, Sweden, and a handful of other European countries, and focuses mainly on the technical details of maritime history. The site features both reference and primary source materials. Included in the reference materials are biographies of European maritime figures, the details of nautical societies, information about naval and maritime museums, and details of different types of ships. Amongst the primary source material, which is all transcribed, are documents on shipbuilding, masting and rigging, the duties of officers and men, seamanship, guns, tonnage, food and etymology, as well as a selection of images.
This website provides information and links to further Internet resources on maritime knowledge. Some documents from the early nineteenth century are transcribed such as 'Questions for young officers' and 'General principles of working a ship' (circa 1814). The original content includes, for example, Jottings on Celestial and Great Circle Navigation where the author provides an explanation of navigation in relation to the shape of the earth and celestial navigation, with explications of some of the terms used in celestial navigation. It also provides a list of references.
The website presents online discussion of, and information, on cruise-liners. Although a little cluttered, the website is nevertheless easy to use with a 'current news' section (providing information and pictures on a wealth of topics relating to cruise-liners), a featured articles section (which provides a number of discussion points on literally hundreds of different cruise-liners) and an archive section (which provides access to the back-catalogue of essays and articles). Many, if not most, of the links available direct the user to a separate blog which includes information and pictures on the cruise-liners under discussion. There is also information on 'future ships' (i.e. ships which are currently under construction, or in the planning stages) and links to 'shipcams' which provides a number of links - some of which are now out of date - to cameras installed in various ships throughout the world. There is unfortunately no easy way to search or browse through the material available at present, but the wealth and amount of information is impressive.
The National Maritime Museum publishes the Maritime Memorials website, an online database containing over 4000 records of those who have died at sea. The records cover church, cemetery and public memorials to seafarers and victims of maritime disasters, and include many important works by prominent sculptors and designers. The records can be browsed by category - topics, maritime cause of death, event, location and photographs, with sub-categories that include cannibalism, emigration, exploration, smuggling, maritime accidents, war casualties, and wars from the sixteenth to the twentieth century. There is also an advanced search facility, which allows the content to be searched by name, vessel, rank/occupation, place, city and artist. The database is not yet comprehensive, and as a consequence on the website there is an online form for people to submit the details of memorials not yet listed.
Maritime Memorials is an online database containing records of over 4,000 church, cemetery and public memorials to seafarers and victims of maritime disasters, including many important works by prominent sculptors and designers. It is possible to search as well as browse the memorials. The latter category is divided into topics, such as aviation, cannibalism, emigration, maritime related cause of death, events, and location of the memorial. The database is part of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich.
The Maritime Museum of British Columbia was established in 1954 as a non-profit society. British Columbia's marine history is told from early exploration to Captain Cook, Canadian Pacific Steamships and the Royal Navy. The website includes links to the galleries; Exploration, Adventure, Whaling and fishing and Shipbuilding. The website includes exploration pictures of vessels, the role of the Canadian Navy in war, the Vintage Vessel Registry, and links to the Library and ships' plans, lighthouses, and ship wrecks and other historic sites.
The Maritime Museum of Sandusky is situated on the banks of Lake Erie in Ohio. Exhibits include the coal docks, fishermen and their boats, ice harvesting and ice boating. Passenger ferries featured on the site are the G.A. Boeckling, Cedar Point, CedarPoint I, Cedar Point II, Chippewa, Messenger, and Mascot. Also on the site is: an article about Lyman Boat Works; information about Sandusky Boat Works (the museum has a 1953 Sandusky Clipper on display); and photographs of boats built by the Inland Seas Boat company.
This is the site of the Maritime Museum of Tasmania, which holds Tasmania's largest and most varied collection of maritime artifacts with particular interest to Tasmanian maritime history, from the earliest of times to the present technology of ship building. The collection includes over 10,000 photographs and numerous paintings representing colonial sail traders, whaleboats, warships, ketches, river steamers and modern catamarans. Information available on the site includes a history of the Museum, and links to Educational resources (available freely in Word format), covering topics such as immigration and whaling; the history of the May Queen, the oldest trading vessel still afloat in Australia; and details of current exhibitions. There are also links to sites of further interest.
The Maritime Museum of the Atlantic is the the marine history division of the Nova Scotia Museum a family of 26 museums operated by the Province of Nova Scotia. It is the oldest and largest Maritime Museum in Canada, focusing on the marine history of Nova Scotia, including the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian merchant marine, Nova Scotia small craft and local shipwrecks over the period 1850 to the present. The collection contains artifacts, images, charts and plans relating to aspects of maritime life. The site includes information on exhibitions, including an exhibit on the Titanic, with links to fact sheets and further information; and the Library, with a Research Page relating to the SS Titanic.
The Maritime Museum of San Diego's collections include the six historic vessels: 'Star of India', 'Berkeley', 'Californian', 'Medea', 'Pilot' and HMS 'Surprise' (the ship used in the academy award winning film, Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World starring Russell Crowe, based on Patrick O'Brian's books about Captain 'Lucky' Jack Aubrey and Stephen Maturin). Users can read a detailed history of each. The site also includes visitor information; upcoming events; an index from 1964 onwards to the quarterly journal Mains'l Haul published by the museum; the Museum's School Education Programme; and the MacMullen Library and Research Archives.
The Maritime Museum, situated in Kingston Upon Hull, contains a collection of paintings, artefacts and models relating to maritime history. Onsite is the address and opening hours of the museum. This page is part of the Kingston Upon Hull City Council website.
The website of Southampton Maritime Museum, which is run by Southampton City Council, provides basic visitor information, including contact details and opening hours. There are details of its exhibitions, including the Titanic exhibition: RMS Titanic sailed from Southampton and most of her crew lived in the town. Opened in 1966 in a former wool house, Southampton Maritime Museum tells the story of this town and port since the Victorian period. This is a fairly basic resource and as it is part of the council website it is not always easy to navigate.
This site, part of the Sussex Archaeological Society website, provides information concerning Marlipins Museum. The Museum explores Shoreham's local and maritime history, and is run by the Sussex Archaeological Society. Displays include models and maritime paintings. Visitor information is included.
The Mary Rose website provides information on the famous Tudor warship, built between 1509 and 1511, and rediscovered in the 1960s and raised in 1982. (The site also includes dispatches from the dive vessel Terschelling, from the further excavations undertaken during the summer of 2003). It was due to the dogged determination of Alexander McKee that the great ship was rediscovered. In addition to the ship, a treasure trove of Tudor artefacts, which have been catalogued in an online searchable database, were recovered. These are on display at the Mary Rose Museum, along with a life-sized reconstruction of the Barber Surgeon's cabin. The site is easy to navigate and provides illustrations of the reconstruction along with technical details of the marine archaeology of the project. The site offers information about its archaeological services, learning resources for schools, especially for Key Stage Two. This site is of broad interest to those interested in the Tudor period and naval history. Some documents are available only in PDF format and some presentations require the Flash plugin.
Brief information on Maryport Maritime Museum is available on the VisitCumbria website. The museum focuses on Maryport's maritime heritage, and exhibits include paintings and models, as well as displays about Fletcher Christian and Thomas Ismac, owner of the Titanic.
The Matthew is a replica ship based in Bristol harbour. The original ship was used by John Cabot and his crew for their voyage of exploration to North America in 1497. There are details of the 1997 re-enactment of the original voyage from England to Newfoundland, and the 2001 channel voyages. Other topics include the history of John Cabot's original voyage and the age of exploration including life on board ship; navigation methods; a glossary of marine exploration terms; statistics relating to the ship; and the opportunity to serve as a crew member on future voyages. There is also information about the Matthew Society.
The Mauretania website has been created by Tyne and Wear Archives Service with funding from the Heritage Lottery Fund, to provide free access to photos, information and educational resources about the most famous ship built on Tyneside. This is a well laid out and interesting website, which will be of interest to historians, researchers, local people and anyone interested in great liners, ship building and technology such as dazzle paint for camouflage. The Education pages provide guides for teachers and parents for keystage 2/3. The Gallery pages provide photos, maps and magic lantern slides from the design of the Mauretania to her final voyage; there are excellent images of the shipyard workers. On the Community pages there are personal recollections and images of artefacts associated with the ship. The Story pages provide a detailed history of the Mauretania. There is also a Glossary and Games. The RMS Mauretania made her maiden voyage to New York in 1907; she held the Blue Riband for the return journey from that year until 1929. She served as a troop and hospital ship in the First World War and returned to being a cruise liner until she was broken up in 1935.
The McCorkell Line was principally an emigrant shipping line carrying passengers from Ireland, Scotland and England to the Americas. The main aim of their website is to sell lithographs, prints and memorabilia of its 19th Century ships which may be purchased online. The site also contains information about the Company and some of their ships and Northern Ireland genealogy sites.
Medals of the World aims to be a comprehensive collection of images of medals from around the world. The site is arranged alphabetically, with links to ribbon charts, a text list of orders, decorations and medals of various countries, and further links and references to the medals of countries. Although areas of the site are under construction, a What's New section offers users dozens of recent additional images. Scholars, collectors, teachers and students will all find this site a good starting introduction to this too-often-neglected niche of military history. The site also good links list to similar sites which catalogue ribbons, honours and medals, and to government sites, dealers' sites and discussion groups for collectors and academics. The site primarily focusses on the 19th and 20th centuries, with some reference to 18th century medals. There is, however, no historical essay here to place the medals in context and trace their origins.
This website provides an excellent introduction to, and a wealth of information on, the Medieval period. Some of the website's sections include: biographies and timelines of the kings of England and other famous people; the crusades; clothing and fashion entertainment; food; religion; art and music; weapons and castles; medicine; crime and punishment; and the culture of the period. Each section is further divided - with easy-to-use general headings - with a large amount of information provided under each topic.
The website Mediterranean Maritime History Network (MMHN) provides information on this scholarly network formed in 2000. The principal aim of the MMHN is to act as a clearing-house for the exchange of information concerning research currently under way relating to Mediterranean maritime history topics. The website also includes a link to a Directory of Mediterranean Maritime Historians in PDF format.
The website The Memorial Gates Trust is the homepage of the charity. The Memorial Gates were erected on Constitution Hill in London, as a remembrance for the men and women from the Indian subcontinent, Africa and the Caribbean, who volunteered to serve with the Armed Forces in the First and Second World Wars. The site includes text, pictures and some oral testimony. For each war there is an overview of the conflicts, and a map highlighting the area in the world where campaigns took place. There are then three sub-chapters discussing the experiences of the five million Commonwealth volunteers.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum (NMM), is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. It outlines ways of tracing information about merchant shipping wrecks, losses and casualties in British waters and overseas. It is divided into: Lloyd's sources from 1741; Parliamentary Papers from 1850; official inquiries from 1856; the Mercantile Navy List from 1875; and secondary sources.
The aim of the Merchant Navy Association (MNA) is to gain recognition for the part played by the Merchant Navy in the defence and development of the United Kingdom. Its aims are to preserve the memory of those seafarers that have died in the service of their country and foster pride in national maritime heritage. It provides facilities for welfare, and keeps shipmates in touch with one another. As well as information about the society there is a careers page and a fee charging research service.
The Merchant Navy Officers Pension Fund (MNOPF) began in 1938 and provided generous benefits designed to meet the needs of ship's officers within the many changes in UK pensions law and practice. In 1996 the MNOPF was closed to new members: however, information exists on the site concerning circumstances in which officers may still be eligible. Contact details for the Merchant Navy Officers Pension Plan (for officers, cadets and trainees aged 18 or over) are included on the site. The website carries information on the management of the trust; joining and rejoining the MNOPF; participating employers; the most recent annual report: announcements; publications, such as the scheme's booklet, and the Trust's deed and rules; details of the State pension scheme and personal financial planning; contact details; dispute resolution; news; FAQ; and links to sites of further interest.
One of a series of research guides available on the National Archives website, this page provides valuable information on merchant seamen and shipping, especially from the 18th century onward. The site explains the contents of the Registry of Shipping and Seamen (RSS) with reference to the records that are held at the National Archives. Links are provided to explanatory leaflets describing the major collections available, including: Merchant Seamen: Service Registers, 1835-1857; Merchant Seamen: Service Registers, 1913-1972; Merchant Seamen: Officers' Service Records, 1845-1921; Merchant Shipping: Agreements and Crew Lists, 1747-1860; Merchant Shipping: Agreements and Crew Lists after 1861; Merchant Shipping: Registration of Ships, 1786-1994; Births, Deaths and Marriages at Sea, 1837-1972; Apprenticeship Records; Merchant Seamen: Medals and Honours; and Merchant Seamen: Royal Naval Reserve. Additional appendixes on the site help users to interpret extra information, such as abbreviations. Historians can browse down to the general collection level, but not to the archival levels of files or individual documents. They can, however, pre-order these sources online from this site prior to research visits to the National Archives.
The Merlin Rocket Owners Association site contains: the history of the Merlin Rocket Class restricted design racing dinghy; news items; sailing fixtures and results; the latest positions in the Silver Tiller Series; contact details for clubs sailing Merlin Rockets around the UK; open meeting reports; details of acquiring basic boat handling skills; tuning tips for older boats; and boats for sale. A design guide looks at the various designs of the Merlin Rocket, with sections on current popular designs, a simple guide to secondhand prices and standards, boat building, and a review of Merlin Rocket designs.
The Merseyside Maritime Museum's collections focus on the international importance of Liverpool as a gateway to the world, including the city's role in the transatlantic slave trade and emigration. The website includes information on transatlantic slavery, with links to the newly established International Slavery Museum (ISM). The site also contains a bibliography on the transatlantic slave trade, and links to sites of further interest; information on the archives and library (which contains UK merchant shipping records); and a feature on the Battle of the Atlantic and the role of the Merchant Navy, as well as Liverpool. Visitor information is included.
This page is part of the Cornwall Online website. The Museum mainly depicts local history, with some artefacts and tools from the fishing and boat building communities. The building itself was used in the 18th century to construct and repair vessels for smuggling, and most of the roof supports are spars from such ships. The Museum also portrays the imprisonment of captured smugglers. Visitor information is included.
The Great Lakes Marine Collection is a website of original maritime materials located at the Milwaukee Public Library, USA. The collection includes log books, vessel plans, and shipwreck reports. The site consists of ship photographs and Ship Files of data on more than 7,000 ships including ships from 1679. There is also a link to Nautical Charts as the Library is an official US government depository library. International maps are included. The site also has links to Great Lakes Marine Magazines and the Wisconsin Marine Historical Society.
This is the official website of the British Ministry of Defence art collection, a collection containing art relevant to the experience and history of the British Armed Forces. The main page contains a concise 500-word profile of the collection and the MOD Art Collection team who maintain... "over fifteen hundred items of fine art and antiques, including paintings, drawings, engravings, photographs, clocks and furniture". There is also a short article on conservation efforts, and details of the collection of architectural drawings. There are also image galleries such as 12 images of works by war artists (accompanied by short scholarly texts), and similar annotated galleries for: Portraits; Battles; Exploration; Clocks; Engravings; and Miscellaneous. The website has contact and location details. There are also external Web links to those with similar military collections, such as the Imperial War Museum, Royal Naval Museum, National Army Museum, and the Royal Air Force Museum.
The 'Missing and Stolen Maps Database' is an online website provided by the International Antiquarian Mapsellers Association (IAMA). Launched in Spring 2008, it aims to have an international scope and is the product of... "advanced cooperation and collaboration between dealers, collectors, librarians and curators". The website is free and searchable via a variety of methods. There is a standard report form (free online registration is required to use this feature) to report missing or stolen maps. The 'Acknowledgements' page has full details of the contributors and project partners.
The Mission to Seafarers organisation is a missionary society of the Anglican Church. It has centres in ports around the world, and aims to meet both the practical and spiritual needs of seafarers. The website includes information on the work of the Mission; recent news and developments; a world map of ports where seafarer centres are located; prayers for seafarers; a message centre; links to sites of further interest; and a list of publications. These include: The Sea, a bi-monthly newspaper for seafarers; the society newspaper; and the Mission to Seafarers Directory. A directory of ports throughout the world with Seafarers' Centres and links to related sites are also available.
Located in County Cork in Ireland, the visitor centre is located at the site of the Mizen Head Signal Station, which was constructed between 1899 and 1903. It replaced an earlier lighthouse, which was used from 1854 to 1891 and was built after the American liner SS Stephen Whitney sank off Crookhaven. This site provides a history of the signal station, which includes its construction; information about the attractions at the visitor centre, such as a navigational aids simulator, and an automatic weather station; a description of the Mizen Peninsula; and also details of the climate, modern navigational techniques and weather data collection and forecasting. Opening hours and contact details and provided.
Held for preservation purposes by the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) as part of the AHDS Performing Arts collections, this Web page explains about a DVD of Mnemosyne Dreams, which was a practice-as-research site-specific performance project that took place on the Victorian heritage ship SS Great Britain in Bristol Docks, England, 4-7 April 2002. It was a durational event that ran continuously for six hours on each of four days. It used three locations on the ship, Promenade Deck, First Class Cabin, Ladies Boudoir, and drew on sources from the ship's voyages to Australia (1853-1875), including accounts by passengers "particularly a 1866 honeymoon diary" as well as other historical materials, plus field-work interviews with their contemporary descendents in Australia. It investigated three main research areas: (a) the aesthetics and effects of small-scale spectacle, (b) actor-audience exchange in intimate settings, (c) memory processes in performance and contesting histories at heritage sites. The project included a reception study through conversations with four contrasting 'memory groups' "heritage professionals, volunteer ship workers, 'lay' people from local communities, and random audience members" which had been audience members of the production. The DVD was an interactive performance document and investigative research resource, designed to explore the four main research areas noted above. It is based on a daily two-hour, four-camera video shoot during the four days of presentation, plus over 60 hours audio recordings of audience feedback. The DVD is not available from the website.
The website 'Monsters of the Sea: The Great Ocean Liners of Time', created by an enthusiast, provides histories and photographs of the great ocean liners of the 20th century. Among the ships included are the RMS 'Aquitania'; the HMHS 'Britannic'; the RMS 'Queen Elizabeth'; the RMS 'Queen Mary'; the RMS 'Mauretania'; and the RMS 'Titanic'. The histories of the various ships discuss the background to, and career of, each vessel. The site also contains a picture gallery, a message board, and links to related websites.
Morrab Library is an independent library located in Penzance, Cornwall. The Library was founded in 1818, and as well as its book collection, houses collections of photographs of life in West Cornwall between 1870 and 1970 (these include images of fishing, shipwrecks, harbours), and the Napoleonic Collection (1770 - 1840) of prints. Bibliographies of these collections are contained on the site. The Napoleonic Collection includes maps, and images of the Royal Navy of that period, and of the Egyptian Campaign, (during which the Battle of the Nile was fought). Links to Cornish parish information on genealogical research is also contained on the site, as well as visitor information for the Library. The site contains advertising.
Motor Torpedo Boats (MTB's), were developed to be able to mount a quick response to threats from any seagoing vessel either warship or submarine. This site is about one such vessel, the MTB102, which was launched in 1937. This site details the career of the MTB102 (renamed 'Vimy' in 1943), during World War Two and the evacuation at Dunkirk, and following the end of the war, during which time the MTB102 was refurbished and used in films. Technical information is included, such as the dimensions and construction of the vessel. The MTB102 Trust has been set up to raise funding for the continued upkeep of the vessel and contact details are provided.
This site provides brief information on Musée de la Marine, located in Paris. One of the oldest maritime museums in the world, it was created in 1748. The collection focuses on shipbuilding and navigation, with uniforms, arms, navigation instruments, objects of everyday life, surgeons' equipment, ex-voto models, narratives and work by the ivory-carvers of Dieppe. The museum has an extensive collection of models, canons, and other objects related to seafaring down through the ages, and in particular relating to the French Navy. In particular, it has models from the 17th century (the earliest is by Colbert in 1678) down through the present day. Brief visitor information is included, as well as advertising.
Contained in this Museum are the archaeological remains of five ships known as the ships of Fiumicino. Details provided about the ships include the history of their discovery, wooden shipbuilding, daily life on board and ship equipment. There is also information about the Port of Claudius during Imperial Roman times, and museum visiting hours. This page is part of the Navis project which aims to create an international database for the ancient ships of Europe. It is supported by the European Commission Directorate General X.
The Maritime Museum of Barcelona is managed by the Consortium of the Shipyards of Barcelona. The website includes information on the Museum and its history, as well as its collections (these include ship models, navigation instruments, and the maritime pictorial collection); publications, and the historic vessel collection. It is also possible to do a tour of the permanent exhibitions of the Museum through a virtual itinerary. Information is also available on current research and restoration projects, and the Maritime Documentation Centre (which includes a book and periodicals library, an archive, and cartographic and image collections). The site is available in English, Catalan, Spanish, and French.
The Museum of Ancient Shipping is situated in Mainz, Germany. It aim is to provide an overview of the manifold connections between the Mediterranean and northern Alpine boat-building traditions on the one hand, and the social standing and responsibilities of Roman marines on the other. There is information about the exhibits, which include five military ships of the late 3rd and 4th century, model ships, and an explanation of Roman ship construction. The museum address and opening hours are provided.
The Museum of World War II, Inc., is a private museum located in the United States, containing material from the Second World War. The site includes a virtual tour of the collection, and brief details about the collections. Visitors are requested to book visits, and contact information is provided.
The Nairn Museum includes collections from the former Fishertown Museum, (which told the story of the people who lived and worked in the Fishertown of Nairn). Displays include photographs, sea charts, boatbuilding and fishing gear, and a reconstruction of a fisherman's house. The site includes brief information on the local fishing industry.
The website of the Naval Aerospace Medical Institute for the United States Navy is the homepage of this institution. As well as links to directorates and departments, the site includes information on command information; a presentation video (which opens in Windows Media Player); departments; and conference files. The Aeromedical Reference and Waiver Guide can be consulted on this page. Most of the information leaflets and documents are in PDF.
The Dutch lifeboat service through the ages and the safety aspects on the water are the themes of the displays in this museum situated at Den Helder in the Netherlands. The Lifesaving Museum is named after a well-known sea rescuer from the region, Dorus Rijkers (1847-1928). Artefacts displayed include original lifeboats, ship models, scale models, paintings, pictures, distinctions, life-saving equipment and films. Visitor details are provided. The site is available in Dutch, and an introduction is available in English or German. Frames are used.
The DocumentsOnline website provides access to almost a million digitised public records held at The National Archives, which are pertinent to both academic and genealogical research. The index can be searched for free, and digital images of records can be downloaded for a small fee. The complete index can be searched, or separate sections can be browsed for a more specific content search. The browse categories are broken into two main sections, Family History, where users can search through wills, and Other Records, which contains a wide range of primary source material. The material in Other Records falls into six categories, including: New Releases, containing the New Year's Openings, which are the most recently released government documents; Society and Law, containing legal records like title deeds as well as documents relating to crime, disasters and immigration (including convict transportation lists); and Military and Defence, which holds resources on espionage, propaganda and defence policy. The remaining categories are Home and Foreign Affairs, which holds records on domestic and foreign political policy; Art, Recreation and Travel, containing material related to the arts, including documents relating to Oscar Wilde and Charlie Chaplin; and Science and Environment, which contains records on scientific research.
These notes briefly describe the unpublished sources noted in the National Register of Archives (NRA), the principal relevant repositories with strong business collections, other useful links and general works of reference. The sheet provides pointers to information held in the NRA personal, business and organisations indexes, and to the collections of specialist repositories who hold suitable information relating to shipping and shipbuilding companies. The sheet also provides useful addressees, a list of surveys, and works of reference, and sources for published information about companies.
One of a series of Information Leaflets produced by The National Archives, this provides details about Admiralty Charts and where they can be found, together with contact addresses. It also lists the Admiralty Charts available at The National Archives, which are those collected or used by government departments and the armed services in the normal course of administrative or operational functions. Also included is advice on how to locate a particular chart using a known chart number, a place name and geographical area (from 1832). Listed at the end are suggestions for further reading.
This research guide briefly describes the unpublished sources noted in the National Register of Archives (NRA), the principal relevant repositories with strong collections relating to the history of the armed forces, useful addresses and links and general works of reference. The sheet provides pointers to information held in the NRA personal, business and organisations indexes, as well as the collections of specialist repositories, covering areas such as trading to the Royal Navy, defence, and military personnel. The sheet also provides a brief list of useful addresses, and details of surveys and works of reference.
This page is part of the site of The National Archives and focuses on the records concerning information about births, marriages and deaths at sea. Also provided is the class number for each record, the location of other sources of information and further reading.
Produced by The National Archives, this information leaflet begins by describing published sources of information that can be used to trace employees of the separate Boards of Customs, Excise, and Inland Revenue, before providing guidance on public records such as yearbooks, warrants, staff lists, minute books, and registers of service. Publications are detailed in which information on civil servants can be found. Ten sources for further reading are also provided.
Produced by The National Archives, this leaflet provides guidance on the central registry and sub-registry brought in by the Foreign Office to provide a better control of its papers. The leaflet includes a table of the country code stem numbers, describes how to use the Card Index to find correspondence and gives 3 steps to understanding and using the cards themselves. Sample index cards and sources for further reading are included.
This leaflet, produced by The National Archives, describes records of intelligence sections of the service departments that are available for consultation. The leaflet covers the War Office; Admiralty; Air Ministry; Signals Intelligence; Foreign Office; and the records of the Special Operations Executive, Joint Intelligence Committee and of Intelligence and Security Agencies. The leaflet includes sources for further reading.
Produced by The National Archives, this leaflet covers the holdings which relate to international organisations set up after the two World Wars, covering: the European Free Trade Association; European Coal and Steel Community; OEEC/OECD; the European Economic Community (EEC); and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA).
This leaflet, produced by The National Archives, examines holdings relating to enemy aliens interned by the British authorities, principally for the Second World War. The leaflet also covers Second World War deportations, losses at sea, internees in British colonies and British subjects interned by enemies.
This leaflet begins by detailing six texts relating to English and Scottish general history which should be consulted before turning to the primary material. It then looks at records held at The National Archives relating to: administration and policy, such as naval state papers; finance; naval campaigns against the risings; trials; and forfeitures such as those of the Earl of Derwentwater. Details of locating records held in the Scottish Record Office, local record offices, or private collections are also included.
Produced by The National Archives, this leaflet describes the various series and other accumulations of maps and plans generated or collected by the various departments of state responsible for the foreign relations of England, Wales and the United Kingdom since the sixteenth century. Sections of the leaflet look at the State Paper Office, the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, the India Office and Burma Office, the Dominions Office, the Commonwealth Relations Office and Commonwealth Office, and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Holdings include plans of harbours, naval charts, and atlases.
One of a series of Information Leaflets from The National Archives, this provides details of the abbreviations used by the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen (RGSS) when entering details of voyages etc. in the various registers of service for seamen, masters, mates, engineers and fishing officers. Abbreviations listed are those for rank or rating, for destinations, port numbers for ports in the UK and also for colonial ports. Other leaflets on records of merchant seamen can also be viewed on the site.
One of a series of Information Leaflets from The National Archives, this explains the way in which the entries for individuals in the Registers of Seamen's Tickets, and in the Alphabetical Register of Masters, often give details of the voyages which he undertook. It provides researchers with information on how to interpret these records, both of home trade voyages and foreign trade voyages. Other information leaflets on merchant seamen records are available on this site.
This page is part of the site of The National Archives and focuses on voyages undertaken by Merchant Navy officers, which until 1888 were recorded in an abbreviated form. Information on decoding such information is given on the site, using examples taken from Home and Foreign Trade voyages.
Part of a series of Information Leaflets produced by The National Archives, this provides a guide to interpreting the entries for seamen in the Registers of Seamen Series II at The National Archives. There is information about home trade voyages and foreign trade voyages along with two examples of records and how to decipher them. Other information leaflets about merchant seamen are available on The National Archives website.
This leaflet briefly introduces the system of rewards before looking at the six medals granted for gallantry at sea by the time of the Second World War: Albert Medal (in Gold and Bronze); Board of Trade Silver and Bronze Medals for Gallantry in saving life at sea; and Board of Trade Gold and Silver Medals for Foreign Services. The leaflet covers the Egyptian Medal and the Sea Transport Medal, before turning to the four medals awarded to merchant seamen during the First World War: 1914-1915 Star; British War Medal; Victory Medal; and Mercantile Marine Medal. The leaflet ends by outlining information currently available on awards presented during the Second World War.
Produced by The National Archives, this leaflet begins by looking at early sources - such as Port Books, Board of Trade Shipping Returns and Customs Records - giving information on the registration of ships before 1786. The leaflet explains transcripts and transactions and looks at these records for the years 1786-1854, 1854-1889 (divided according to Merchant Shipping Acts) and for 1889 onwards. For each period the leaflet outlines the type of information provided. The leaflet also covers: lists produced by customs officers of ships registered in Plantation and UK ports; fishing boats; changes of master; and official logs. Sources for further reading are provided.
Produced by The National Archives, this leaflet describes the arrangement and content of the records of the Ministry of Labour. It covers early records; employment and unemployment; industrial relations; wartime responsibilities of the Ministry of Labour (documenting military recruitment); health and safety; trade boards and wages councils; the National Dock Labour Board; training; the International Labour Market; and statistics. Sources for further reading are also provided.
This leaflet provides a guide to the documentary material relating to the Board of Ordnance held by The National Archives. The leaflet provides information on the history and functions of the Board. Holdings include minutes, reference books, financial records, in-letters and out-letters, ledgers, contracts, quarter books, debenture books and bill books. The final section of the leaflet looks at the value of Ordnance records for Naval and maritime history: for example, it is possible to extract a complete record of the commissioning and paying-off of warships, and the records contain the particulars of thousands of merchantmen, with material on wages, prices and freight rates. The leaflet includes a brief annotated list of the most important, purely naval records among the Ordnance classes and a select bibliography.
This leaflet provides guidance to records of customs duties paid at particular ports that were sent in to the Exchequer between 1565 and 1799 which are now held at The National Archives. The leaflet gives background details on Port Books and customs returns, with secondary sources which provide further information. Details of information found in the records is given, together with their limitations. An example of a customer's account of inwards traffic from the Chester Port Book and further reading suggestions are included.
Part of a series of leaflets providing guidance in tracing individuals who served in the Royal Marines, this leaflet looks at sources not covered by the other leaflets. It looks at: casualties (1893-1956) including Registers of Deaths in Ships and Registers of Killed and Wounded; records of medals; service records for the Coastguard Service (1900-1923); Second World War war diaries and Prisoners of War; Courts Martial; pension records; wills; records of births, deaths, marriages and next-of-kin; and effective and subsistence lists (1688-1837). Nine sources for further reading are also included.
The three main series of records held at The National Archives can be used in researching the service record of a Marine - Attestation Forms, Description Books and Records of Service - are each arranged by Division. This leaflet describes five methods to find out in which Division a man served, depending on what information is already known about the individual (for example: medal entitlements; name of a ship he served on, and the date; his Company number, and a date). The leaflet also describes what a Division is, with details of records describing policy matters, including the raising and deployment of marine companies. A table outlines the arrangement of Divisional Headquarters' letter books, and the records of the Royal Marine Office (RMO) are also described.
This leaflet begins by outlining records held by The National Archives which can be used to trace marine officers before 1793, before looking at the records of service of officers appointed between 1793 and 1925 and the types of information to be found. Other sources include: obituaries; Admiralty Leave Books and Half Pay Lists; records of commissions and appointments for 1703 to 1713; surveys of Royal Marine officers' ages for 1822 and 1831; Warrant Officers' service records; and references to Royal Marine Surgeons.
After describing briefly the history of the Royal Marines, this leaflet looks at the three main series of records held at The National Archives which can be used in researching the service record of a Marine. These are: Attestation Forms (1790-1925); Description Books (1755-1940); and Records of Service (1842-1936). In each case, records are arranged by division.
This leaflet, produced by The National Archives, provides information about the records they hold which deal with the personnel of naval and victualling establishments. They also hold some information about Ordnance employees. The records cover Naval Bases in the UK and throughout the world and will be of particular interest to those researching naval, dockyard and family history.
The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) was recruited from among merchant seamen and fishermen through local shipping officers, who could be called upon for service in the Royal Navy in times of emergency. This leaflet explains about the different divisions of the RNR and The National Archives classifications for these records. There are also records for officers and ratings, medals, and the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR).
This leaflet from The National Archives begins by setting out the limitations of naval logs in providing personal information on the officers and crew of a particular ship. The reports of proceedings and captain's letters are more informative. The leaflet covers: Admirals' Journals (1702-1916); Masters' Logs (1672-1871); Captains' Logs (1669-1852); Lieutenants' Logs; voyages of exploration (1757-1904); Ships' Logs (1799-1967), kept by the Officer of the Watch for all naval ships including battleships, aircraft carriers, cruisers and armed merchant cruisers; Submarines' Logs (1914-1967); Surgeons' Logs (1785-1963); and Captains' Letters and Reports of Proceedings submitted to the Admiralty.
Beginning with the Navy Lists, this help sheet goes on to examine the types of record in which it is possible to find details of an Officer's service: Registers of Officers' Services (1756-1966); Returns of Officers' Service (1817 and 1846); Passing Certificates; Certificates of Service (1802-1894); Full and Half Pay Registers (1697-1924); Wives and Next-of-Kin; and Black Books, Leave Books and Examinations. Help with the types of information to be found in each is also given.
One of a series of Information Leaflets available on the PRO section of the National Archive website. Royal Navy Operational Records for the period 1660 to 1914 include records of incoming and outgoing correspondence of the Admiralty Board, as well as cases (files on important subjects)and minutes of Admiral Boards and Lord Admirals' Councils. There are also records from the Secretaries of State and Navy Board, station records, logs and journals, stations and movements of HM Ships, and shipbuilding and repair records.
This leaflet provides guidance on the records in The National Archives relating to World War Two. It outlines the limitations of the holdings, and provides references to other sources of information. Sources include: official histories and monographs; the Navy Lists; main operational records and reports; other operational records and reports; ships' logs; the Admiralty; Combined Operations; Naval Intelligence records; Fleet Air Arm and Coastal Command; photographs; Research and Design Records; and losses of merchant vessels.
One of a series of Information Leaflets available on The National Archives. This relates mostly to records of the wrecks of British naval ships. A list of published works on shipwrecks is provided and covers the period from the 17th century to the 20th century. This is followed by information on how to locate the records on shipwrecks of warships, and merchant ships. There are also suggestions of other sources of record information.
This is one of several leaflets located on The National Archives website. It provides information about records kept at THA relating to ratings joining the Royal Navy in this period. Areas covered by the leaflet are: Records of Seamens' Services 1873-1923; an explanation of Y service numbers, which were given to those who enrolled under the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve; details about the different service number systems issued in the periods 1894-1907 and 1908-1923; ratings entering the Royal Naval Air Service; and information about the Short Service system. Addresses are provided for the locations of service records from 1928 onwards. There are links to other leaflets on The National Archives' website about Royal Navy Operational Records.
A People at War is an exhibit from the National Archives and Records Administration of America, focusing on American military and civilian life during World War II. The site is arranged chronologically, with information, images and documents associated with that period.
The website 'National Archives DocumentsOnline: Royal Navy Service Records' is a guide from The National Archives focuses on the Royal Navy and provides simple advice on locating and researching Royal Navy documents for the period 1853-1923. Information covered includes Officers' records of service, navy officers, surveys of officers, examinations and passing certificates of naval officers: and what to do if an officer's service record cannot be found.
The website of the National Archives of Australia is the homepage of this institution, whose main collection holds records created since the formation of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 (therefore there are no records of convicts, colonial migration, or 19th century Australian history such as the gold rushes, exploration or colonial administration). The website holds information about the archives, about how to contact the service and about their publications. Details of exhibitions and events being held at the National Archives are also given. It is possible to search the descriptions of 80,000 collections and over 2,500,000 record items as well as details of about 9,000 creators and depositors. Registered users of the system can save their searches for up to six months. The collections include some nineteenth-century records relating to functions that were transferred by the colonies to the Commonwealth government, such as shipping and post offices. Historians of government will appreciate the wealth of holdings on Australia's constitution and federation. Researchers will find other holdings ranging from post-World War II cabinet records, to information on police, security and intelligence, to documents relevant for the study of family history, transport and defence. The defence section contains such details as the personal dossiers of over 330,000 Australians - men and women - who served overseas in the First World War, and the service records of Australians who served during the Second World War. Details for research visits and similar inquiries are posted.
The National D-Day Museum is based in New Orleans, and was founded in 2000. The site focuses on the historical events leading up D-Day on 6 June 1944, and the invasion of occupied France by Allied Forces, and includes information on the history of D-Day and World War II. There is also information on the museum and exhibits. The museum collection includes photographs, newspapers, recruitment posters, letters, weapons, uniforms, equipment, and models of aircraft and warships. There is also a search engine.
The website of the National Digital Archive of Datasets (NDAD) offers free access to a large amount of archived digital data from UK government departments and agencies. The information consists of both data which has been prepared or stored on computer and associated paper documents which have been scanned. It is aimed at 'all those with an interest in records of 20th century government decision making and planning, including researchers, social historians and historians of computing'. The datasets currently available include the following for maritime issues for example: Coast Protection Survey of England; the Oil and Gas Directorate, North Sea Geographical Information System; and the Welsh Office's Coastal Survey for Wales. NDAD is run by the University of London Computer Centre and the University of London Library on behalf of The National Archives. NDAD does not hold records related to family history.
Since the site is so vast, navigation around it is a little complicated, but a set of clear instructions for doing so are offered and a number of search options are available. Optional registration is offered, in order to benefit from extra features 'such as saving data table display settings and a more rapid ordering service'.
The website of the National Ex-Prisoner of War Association provides information on and for British prisoners of war, mostly from the Second World War and is an invaluable resource for anyone interested in military history. This is a large and detailed site, well laid out and with a variety of resources including photos and personal recollections. FAQ is an excellent starting point for users coming to the website, or new to the topic. The following sections are of most of use to researchers: Book Reviews, which covers both the First and Second World Wars and Quarterly Newsletters, which will help anyone trying to trace POWs, or interested in photos from the camps. Links provides a list of resources available worldwide, whilst Photo Galleries has some excellent images. POW Camp List provides an invaluable list of the camps in Germany, Poland, France, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Ukraine, Finland, Norway, Denmark, Luxemburg, Belgium, Holland, Romania, Holland, Italy, Greece and Yugoslavia in the Second World War. The Association is a registered charity.
Compiled by the Canadian government's Department of National Defence's Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH) and the Organization of Military Museums of Canada (OMMC), this is the website for a project called the National Inventory of Canadian Military Memorials (NICMM). This project is an attempt to catalogue every military memorial across Canada. When memorials were built after the World Wars, each community followed their own dictates as to the type or placement of a memorial, if one was built at all. There was no effort to track which communities had built a memorial or to confirm the information found on them. The NICMM hopes to catalogue not just the major monuments usually found near government buildings, but also the smaller memorials such as plaques, stained glass windows, or certificates and other memorials often located in churches, schools, community halls and public buildings. They also hope to capture all the names listed on these memorials in order to build a proper database of those courageous men and women who lost their lives for the freedom of Canada. The project is collecting detailed photographs of each memorial, so that the the text on the memorial can be transcribed and to provide a digital database of this information for research and historical purposes. There are almost 6,000 military memorials in the database at the present time that can be browsed by province and then municipality; an advanced search option is also available. For the more detailed records, the text on the memorial and images are provided. It is possible to register a memorial that is not already recorded in the database.
The collections of the National Library of Australia underpin Australian cultural life and intellectual pursuits. The Library also contains collections of general overseas and rare book materials, as well as Asian and Pacific collections. The site includes recent News, Pathways to information: Research and information Services, links to national and international libraries, publications, indexes and databases (some by subject listing); Our Catalogue; and information on the Library, the Collections, Services, and Initiatives (including the Digital Libraries Initiatives).
The website National Maritime Museum (NMM) is the homepage of this museum located at Greenwich in London, which collects, preserves, and makes accessible holdings relating to the history of Britain at sea. The museum also includes the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. The Museum's website includes a range of information about the museum, events, visits, exhibitions, and services. Each of the museum's themed galleries has an online page, and the Explore Online section provides access to images of over 9000 objects, including artwork and naval uniforms. The Exhibition highlights some of the most impressive collections of the Museum. A blog is kept updated with the latest additions to the digital collections on the website. The collections websites contain the following subsites: collections online; prints and drawings; archive catalogue; PortCities; Maritime Memorials; the Flinders Papers. Famous holdings of the NMM include Harrison's timekeepers and Nelson's Uniform. Clips from the museum's archive can be seen on Flickr, while each clip has a permanent URL. The collection can be approached from the thematic categories as well: astronomy and time; sea and ships; art and new visions; podcasts; and games and activities. This complex site is an enjoyable exploring experience.
Situated in a landmark building in Falmouth, the National Maritime Museum Cornwall, has a rich range of artefacts relating to maritime history, including the national collection of small boats - over 140 small watercraft from Britain and overseas. The Museum's 12 state-of-the-art galleries each focus on unique aspects of nautical life. In addition the museum houses the Bartlett Library, a wide-ranging, publicly accessible collection of maritime reference material; there is however no online catalogue: scholars must write to the librarians for information. For researchers, the site offers an overview of the Museum's historic collections; and in its 'Curator's Choices' section there are posted scanned images of paintings, photographs, objects, diaries and other relevant materials. Notably, there are materials here that relate to Sir Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922). Each image is accompanied by a detailed explanatory essay which will prove to be a helpful starting point for study. Teaching programs in the form of pre-structured workshops at the museum are discussed in the 'Learning' section of the site. Alongside visitor information, the site includes a selection of interactive games, donation policies and educational resources. Current exhibitions, displays, lectures, workshops, special events and a dinner program are all described and past events are archived. The site has its own search engine and is on the whole attractive and rational in its design.
The Museum is located in the former Mariners' Church, Dún Laoghaire, designed to accommodate the seafarers whose vessels sought shelter in the asylum harbour of Kingstown. Exhibits include: an officers barge captured during the French invasion of 1796; a working optic from Baily lighthouse in Howth, North Dublin; artefacts relating to the 'Great Eastern' and her Irish Captain Halpin, such as a clockwork model of the ship; models, photos, documents, and uniforms connected with the history of the Irish naval service; and the merchant vessel 'Kerlogue', which was active during the Second World War.
The Picture Library is a commercial service provided by the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. The Picture Library contains over 80,000 images of maritime related subjects and 250,000 historic photographs. Images include those of rare maps and charts, navigational instruments, globes, clocks, flags, weapons, pirates, ports and smuggling. The site includes picture ordering details.
The National Mississippi River Museum & Aquarium consists of the William Woodward Discovery Center containing aquariums; the National Rivers Hall of Fame; and the Fred W. Woodward Riverboat Museum. The site also contains information on the Dubuque County Historical Society, Mississippi River Museum, and National Rivers Hall of Fame Archives. The site also contains visitor information.
The US National Museum of Naval Aviation focuses on historical aircraft of the American Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Aviation. TIts website includes information on the exhibits, such as displays of US uniforms, aircraft, underwater archaeology, WWI and WWII, and photographs of recent aircraft carriers, battleships, and aircraft. There is also a link to the Library, which houses a collection of books, periodicals, photographs, technical manuals, and personal papers relating to the history of naval aviation.
The US National Museum of the Pacific War focuses on the Pacific Theatre battles of World War II. The website includes information on the museum's exhibitions and events, and a history of the Pacific War. It includes an animated map traces the Pacific War of World War II through such battles as those of the Coral Sea, Leyte Gulf and Midway, as well as Guadalcanal and Pearl Harbour.
The website of 2National Museums Liverpool2 is collective, featuring eight first-class museums in Liverpool: Liverpool Museum; Walker Art Gallery; Lady Lever Art Gallery; Sudley House; Merseyside Maritime Museum; Conservation Centre; HM Customs & Excise National Museum; and the Museum of Liverpool Life. Established as National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside in 1986, as one of the twelve national museums in England and Wales, the organisation changed its name to National Museums Liverpool in April 2003. The website is easy to navigate and provides information for teachers planning school trips to the various establishments. It also serves as a good introduction to and preview of the museums, providing links to the websites of each of them. There is information about forthcoming events taking place in the galleries and museums, and special features on current exhibits. The newsroom section keeps the user up to date with local news and events. The site is very user-friendly and colourful, providing practical details and serving as a showcase of chosen exhibits. The National Museums Liverpool is supported by annual grant-in-aid by the Government through the Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS).
This historical map and chart collection is part of the Office of Coast Survey, who have made them available in digital scanned form to the public through this website, and at selected NOAA libraries. The maps include nautical charts from the late 1700's through to the present day, sketches of coastlines, and early exploration maps of the Pacific Northwest. The charts are mainly of the USA but include Puerto Rico, Guam and Antarctica.
Part of the National Parks Service of America, this site lists sailing ships open to the public, and details homeport, current and historical use, and contact information. There are also links to further information about historic vessels.
The National Historic Ships website provides access to the National Register of Historic Vessels (NRHV), a database listing over 1200 vessels built before 1955 that survive in the United Kingdom. This resource has been developed by the National Historic Ships Committee (NHSC) as a way of authoritatively evaluating the significance of historic vessels, and is made available by the NHSC with the support of the National Maritime Museum, the Heritage Lottery Fund and English Heritage. The NRHV includes a Core Collection of 58 vessels, defined as being of 'pre-eminent national importance', which includes famous ships such as: Cutty Sark; Mary Rose; HMS Victory; HMS Warrior; SS Great Britain; and HMS Trincomalee. The NHRV also includes a list of Designated Vessels that contains 155 records and includes those vessels which are of considerable historic interest. It is possible to conduct searches for information on specific vessels, and the site also includes a discussion group, and links to the Core Collection or Designated Vessels list. The Core Collection and Designated Vessels may be viewed as lists. The whole collection may be browsed by vessel function (e.g. 'fighting vessel'), and is also searchable. Each individual vessel record includes the following information where possible: status; function; type; current location; current use; overall length; displacement and gross tonnage; builder and date built; any web address; history of the ship; any previous names; and bibliography. The records are brief but highly informative. Each entry contains the name, builder, year, and type. Many records include images of the vessels, which are also most interesting. Vessels included in the database must fulfil the following criteria: to have been built in the UK before 1955; to be over 40 foot long; to be based within UK waters; to be substantially intact; and to be of great significance. The site is easy to use and navigate. This website is a remarkable and rich resource which will be of great value to scholars and students of maritime and naval history.
The 'Virtually The National Valve Museum' Web pages brings together articles and exhibits from a wide range of sources on the Internet; these are arranged in the following sections: Museums; Articles; Exhibits; Equivalents; and Time Line. The valves have been photographed and a description written and by clicking on the number of an exhibit, the details of each valve may be accessed. E.g. the HMS Collingwood page and the HMS Collingwood Museum page contains exhibits related to Naval communications and radar. These include the John Lawrence collection of valves and equipment, and a collection of vintage domestic wireless sets. Those interested in the museum need to phone for an appointment and the contact telephone number and address are provided.
This is the website of the National Waterways Museum, which is located in three areas of England: at the northern end of the Shropshire Union Canal at Ellesmere Port, at Stoke Bruerne in Northamptonshire, and at Gloucester Docks. Ellesmere Port was once one of the busiest transhipment ports in Britain as goods were moved from canal craft to sea going ships and vice versa. The traditional canal crafts housed at the museum are one of the world's largest floating collections and include narrowboats, canal barges, river barges, canal and river tugs, icebreakers and a coaster. Stoke Bruerne is located in a restored corn mill situated alongside the Grand Junction Canal. The canal was constructed under the supervision of William Jessop, probably the greatest canal builder. Work started on the canal in 1793, in order to provide a direct route from London to Birmingham, and the stretch through Stoke Bruerne was completed in 1804. Gloucester has been an important stopping point on the River Severn since Roman times, although it was not until 1580 that Elizabeth I granted Gloucester City port status by a charter including authority to collect customs. With the opening of the Gloucester and Sharpness Canal (which took 34 years to complete), Gloucester was able to deal with new trade – wood from the Baltic, corn direct from Ireland and the Mediterranean and wine and fruit from Portugal. The site includes education programmes, details about the three museums, events and links to related sites.
Created by the Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation (CMCC), this website looks at a selection of Native watercraft from the Museum's collections which highlights the creativity and skill of Indian and Inuit boat builders. The four main sections of the site look at: kayaks, covering construction, conservation, and kayaks of the Mackenzie Inuit and the Central and Eastern Canadian Inuits; umiaks, covering construction and examples; bark canoes, looking at construction and different types of bark canoe (Algonquian, Dene, Kootenay and war); and dugout canoes, covering construction and styles. The site also contains a photo gallery, conservation in preparation for the Wave Eaters exhibition, a bibliography of more than 40 books and links to related sites. The site is also available in French.
The website "Voyages of Discovery" is an online exhibition published by the Natural History Museum, which looks at a handful of landmark exploratory voyages in British history. The site presents the voyage of Sir Hans Sloane to Jamaica in 1687, Charles Darwin's expedition to South America on The H.M.S. Beagle in 1831, Wallace's 1848 exploration of South America and Malay, and the 1872 voyage of The Challenger to investigate the deep oceans, under the direction of Charles Wycliffe-Thomson and John Murray. The information about each voyage is not particularly in depth, but it does provide useful background information, and each section is well illustrated with facsimile images of drawings and specimens gathered on these naval expeditions.
The official website of the Nautical Archaeology Society (NAS), an internationally respected non-governmental charity provides news and information about training and support to everyone interested in the study of ships, shipwrecks and underwater archaeology in general. In addition to providing professional training for divers interested in historical underwater sites, the NAS is the main body in Britain for promoting academic research and education in this area, and the website provides recent and archived news events of maritime interest as well as details of archaeological projects and forthcoming conferences on maritime research. The website includes information on the International Journal of Nautical Archaeology (IJNA), with abstracts of articles from 2003 onward and advice to those submitting articles for consideration by the editors. The entire electronic archive of the journal is available for the members; hard copies of back issues can be purchased fromo NAS. Other NAS publications include the Handbook of Underwater Archaeology and various monographs. There is a section on the Outreach efforts of NAS with information about projects and partners.
This website is authored by Alan Hartley, a contributor of nautical terms to the Oxford English Dictionary. The site is quite basic, with little structure, and is probably only of real interest to maritime historians and researchers. On it users will find maritime history citations written for the Oxford English Dictionary, covering medieval sources, Sandahl's Middle English Sea Terms, fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth century sources, and Timoteo O'Scanlan's 1831 Spanish maritime dictionary. Also on the site are articles about English nautical vocabulary, medieval astronomical terms, and material from Hartley's unfinished Historical Dictionary of Mediterranean Nautical Terms.
This site provides information on the National Maritime Center based in Virginia, USA, with links to the components of the Center. These are: the Battleship Winconsin (a Second World War vessel); the Hampton Roads Naval Museum; National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); naval base tours; and the Tugboat Museum. On the website visitor information is provided, as well as that concerning exhibits and films. The Hampton Roads Naval Museum covers over two hundred years of American naval history from the Revolutionary War Battle off the Capes in 1781 through to the present day. The NOAA exhibit demonstrates how the National Ocean Services division of NOAA provides navigational products and up-to-the-minute data that help vessels safely move through US waters.
This site focuses on the work of Nautilus, a trade union and professional organisation for more than 18,500 skilled and experienced maritime staff working in the UK and international shipping industries, both at sea and ashore. These include Merchant Navy officer ranks, and shipmasters, deck and engineer officers, electrical and electro-technical officers, cadets, marine pilots, vessel traffic services staff, harbourmasters and other shore-based staff. The site includes information about Nautilus (an acronym for National Union of Marine, Aviation and Shipping Transport Officers) and its history; publications (reports and campaign material, and the monthly newsletter, 'The Telegraph'); Nautilus campaigns; Nautilus welfare services; careers information; and a reunion service. There is also a membership-only area.
This section of Lars Bruzelius' Maritime History Virtual Archives lists maritime and naval museums around the world. The information is divided into geographical subsections - Africa, Asia, Australia and New Zealand, Europe, North America and South America. Entries record contact details for the museum, with opening hours, brief points relating to the collections and links to the museum's website, where available. The section also contains details of submarines preserved as museum ships, preserved Royal and ceremonial barges, a bibliography of maritime and naval museums, and links to other lists of museums.
The Naval Biographical Database is a private online project that aims to compile accurate bibliographical information on all the individuals who have served in the Royal Navy since 1660. There are currently more than 10,000 people catalogued, and there is also a listing of ships as well from 1660 to early 19th Century. The entire database is not accessible by users. The search facility is free, and the basic details of an individual (such as name, rank and dates), but for more detailed information users do have to pay, although this is not explicit when first browsing the site. In addition to the search facility the site also contains a lot of information about the project and its progress. This site also provides links to sites related to maritime research and genealogy. On the whole it is a useful site.
This article from the National Maritime Museum's Journal for Maritime Research (December 200) focuses on the late 18th Century divergent literary representations of the Royal Navy's successes in the French Revolutionary War: this paper will examine portrayals of the nation's navy in British cultural artefacts of the 1790s, especially poetry.
This is the homepage of the Naval Dockyards Society, an international association devoted to the study of the history and the understanding of the social and working life surrounding dockyards. The Society welcomes academics, ex-dockyard personnel, interested independent scholars and family historians into its ranks. Many are conducting research in the Admiralty Archives. The Society holds an annual conference and details regarding membership and conference participation are posted along with: recent news; a bibliography of naval dockyards; and links to other relevant sites. The site offers short historical essays on particular dockyards which help to elaborate on this world; these essays are supported by archival references and will be useful as a starting point for study or teaching. Users will note the Society's support of important research proposals, including a plan to foliate a large collection of correspondence by dockyard managers, naval officers and the Navy Board, 1658-1837, held by the Archives of the United Kingdom. This support is in keeping with the Society's aim to support ongoing and new research, including oral history, in this field. Also of interest is the Society's newer work in conservation of dockyards as historic sites.
The Naval Historical Center (NHC) is the US Navy's official historical program, interpreting naval history from 1775 to the present day. This section of the NHC website contains answers to questions which are most frequently asked about the history of the United States Navy. A vast amount of information - with answers to more than 130 questions - is available. Topics include: the destruction of USS Maine; service and campaign medals; second hand and antiquarian book dealers; casualty lists; crew member information; dates in American naval history; deck logs; destroyers transferred to Great Britain; Great White Fleet; John Paul Jones; nurses; Pearl Harbor; personnel strength, prisoners of war; shipboard life pre-1860; ship naming; sources of ship plans; uniforms; and Washington Navy Yard history. Information on specific ships covers: CSS Alabama, H.L. Hunley, USS Alligator, Constitution, Tulip, Tecumseh, Indianapolis, and U-1105. Information on particular grades covers Chief Petty Officer, Chief of Naval Operations, Fleet Admirals, and the Secretary of the Navy. Data, drawings and photographs are often included. Information is sometimes available as a PDF document, requiring an Adobe Acrobat Reader for use.
Established in 1988, the Naval Historical Collectors and Research Association (NHCRA) caters for those interested in any aspect of naval history. The site contains articles on naval matters from the 18th Century to recent times and personal accounts and stories of those who have served at sea. The association also operates a paid research service. It has formal recognition by the Royal Navy and is a member of the Federation of Naval Associations.
Naval History is a bimonthly magazine published by the Naval Institute for US civilians and naval personnel, aiming to cover all aspects of naval history to the present day. The site includes a current table of contents, with a selection of links to articles; and a link to the Naval Institute. In order to read the articles it is necessary to register with the site, and subscription details are included. Some articles are freely available to read.
This website contains extensive information on twentieth-century naval warfare, particularly on the British Royal Navy. The site is divided into four sections: on the First World War; the inter-war years; the Second World War; and the Falklands conflict.The World War One section introduces the naval background of each nation involved, along with detailed lists and charts of losses sustained, and articles on the campaigns and major battles. There are three detailed accounts of inter-war expeditions, including information on the U.S. Navy's Point Honda disaster of 1923. The World War Two section provides statistics, photographs, and accounts for all classes of British naval vessel, as well as articles on battles and the strategic situations faced by the Royal Navy. There is also a section on the American Navy's involvement and engagements during the war. There is a special article on the involvement of Thames barges converted for use in the D-Day landings at Normandy. Finally, the section on the Falklands War describes the politics, logistics, battles, and losses, which shaped the conflict. The information provided at this site is very detailed and should prove of great value to twentieth-century naval historians looking for a reference source.
The website 'The Naval Museum of Alberta' includes information on the museum and its collections, the latter divided into the themes of: weapons; naval aircraft; RCN ships; Korean War; WRCNS; and Battle of the Atlantic. There is also information on the archives which are open to the public by appointment only, and the library, which does not lend its materials, though the facilities are available to the public for research purposes by appointment. The site also contains links to further information, and visitor information.
The website 'Naval Museum of Manitoba' contains information on the museum, the goal of which is to promote the history of Canada's Navy, especially as it pertains to those Manitobans who have served with the Navy. The focus is on the Second World War, and the Battle of the Atlantic. Information on the site includes a discussion forum; a database of RCN ship photos; a gallery of MTB photos; information on the HMCS 'Uganda' and HMCS 'Quebec'; RCN ship's badges and cap tallies; a naval quiz; Canadian WWII merchant ship losses; photos of naval aviation; web links to sites of further information, and visitor information.
The Naval Museum of Quebec website provides information about the Museum itself and about the Naval Reserves, Canadian naval history and the events that have shaped it (for example the battles of Saint Lawrence). Photographs of vessels are included and interactive tools are provided. The website is available in both French and English.
The Naval Officers Association of Canada (NOAC) is a professional voluntary association comprised of former career and reserve officers who have served in the Canadian Navy, as well as merchant service officers and Navy League Cadet Officers, and officers of Commonwealth and foreign navies. There are member branches of NOAC across Canada and in Brussels, Belgium. The NOAC website contains articles on Canadian naval and maritime history and current affairs. The website also contains articles and contact details for the Friends of Maritime Aviation (FOMA), an advocacy group that seeks to promote public awareness of the role that maritime aviation plays in meeting Canada's domestic, foreign policy and international security commitments.
NOSI - Naval Open Source Intelligence is a privately run digital library of world naval operational news. Michael P. D'Alessandro, who is based at the University of Iowa, has compiled this information from open source intelligence; his site is intended to serve as a source of continuing education on naval and military affairs. As well as recent naval news, the site includes a reading list and curriculum; information on online courses; the past naval year in review; an archive of past NOSI; and links to sites of further information. The site also has its own Google-powered search engine and a FAQ section.
Researchers, professionals and those with a private interest will find that the reading list provides an excellent collection of links to recent magazine and online articles from sources ranging broadly from those concerned with the arts, to social and political commentary, to newspapers, to naval-related periodicals. The curricula collected here are a little more sparse, but will still be very useful for teachers and academics who wish to prepare plans of study for their students. In addition, the site's archive, handily indexed by topic and time frame, should not be missed.
The Naval Review (1913-1997) is a free online archive of the Royal Navy's independent professional journal. The Review is independent of the Ministry of Defence. Issues are freely available for download in PDF format, and issues can be up to 10Mb in size. The website also offers some additional archive material, and "an index with full search facilities". Example articles from a randomly-chosen issue from 1953 include: 'Air Strategy in 1954'; 'Prince Rupert and de Ruyter, 1673'; and 'N.A.T.O. and the command of the Baltic', along with a student analysis of the Dardanelles during the First World War, and other articles. It seems that the Review mixed articles of contemporary strategic and policy analysis with those of historical scholarship, alongside shorter notices of current policy news, and a great many book reviews and book notices. The PDFs contain searchable OCR texts, and text can be copied and pasted from them. The quality of the OCR scanning process seems to have been professional.
The Naval Vessel Register (NVR) contains information on on ships and service craft that comprise the official inventory of the US Navy from the time of vessel authorization through its life cycle and disposal. It also includes ships that have been stricken but not disposed. Ships and service craft disposed of prior to 1987 are currently not included, however the data is gradually being added along with other updates. NVR is produced by the NAVSEA Shipbuilding Support Office (NAVSHIPSO) in cooperation with the US Navy (Logistics) and Naval Sea Systems. The Quickfind section allows the user to look for active and inactive vessels, or browse for hulls either via an alphabetical list, by type, by unit identification code or by maintenance category. Information available includes: status, force, builder, dates, dimensions and custodian. The Ships section of the site covers: fleet size (ship battle forces, local defense and miscellaneous support forces and active in commission); hull types; an alphabetical list of ship names; homeports of active and NRFA ships; status summaries and definitions; an alphabetical list of ship custodians of current and former US Navy ships; and an alphabetical list of planning yards as assigned by the Fleet Modernization Program. The Service Craft section similarly covers hull types, names, status, custodians and planning yard assignments. The site also includes information on the NAVSHIPSO and links to related sites.
The Foundation is a non-profit corporation dedicated to the preservation of the art of celestial navigation. They believe that navigation is an essential personal skill even in this age of electronics. A quarterly newsletter is published featuring articles on navigational methods, history of navigation and reviews of books on the subject. Frequently issues contain a lesson in the basics of navigation, designed for newcomers and a reader's forum allows for the exchange of ideas and recounting of experiences. Details on becoming a member are provided.
NavSource is a photographic history of the U.S. Navy, providing building, service and final fate information on US Navy vessels. The site is divided by vessel type and includes images of naval life. There is also a search engine, and documents and images of Pearl Harbour.
The Navy and Marine Living History Association (NMLHA) aim is to present information on the history of the American Naval Services. There are links to sites concerning the War of 1812, the Spanish American War, and the American Civil War, containing articles and information on ships involved in the conflicts, testimonies, and photographs and articles concerning naval uniforms. There are further links to the Royal Navy, health, diet, and life on board the ships.
The Navy League of Canada was established in 1895 to promote an interest in Maritime Affairs generally throughout Canada. The site includes information on the three sections of this organisation, the Navy League Cadets, the Sea Cadets, and Maritime Affairs. The site also contains information relating to further services for members, and is available in English and French.
The Navy League of the United States was founded in 1902 as a organisation to educate civilians in the role of American maritime military forces and technologies. The League works closely with the Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and Merchant Marine. The site includes links to press releases, maritime policy on nuclear defence, shipbuilding, space, and global warming, and the Navy League publication and archives, Seapower; with links to journal articles on world navies and NATO, and the Almanac of Seapower. There are also links to other online resources and a search engine.
Navy News is aimed at personnel in the British Naval Service, providing news of maritime developments, Naval life and history. The monthly publication features Royal Navy operations, developments in ships and naval aviation, organisational changes and historical features. The site includes: news; features on some of the many Royal Naval Associations; the children's area, Young Readers' Club; a guide to Navy related movies (either fiction or documentary); recruitment pages; and a notice board for reunions and tracing comrades. The Archive section contains abstracts of articles from the March 2000 edition onwards.
Housed in the National Naval Depot, the Netherlands Maritime Museum tells the story of the maritime past of the Netherlands. The site includes information on the Dutch East Indiaman 'Amsterdam'; panoramic tours of the replica require the QuickTime plugin. It is possible to search the joint collection of Maritiem Museum Rotterdam and Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum Amsterdam. Visitor information is included.
Part of the National Maritime Museum's Collections Online website, this section features over 700 items from the National Maritime Museum collection about Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson (1758 - 1805). The site also contains information on: Nelson the man; Nelson's Navy; Nelson's great battles; Napoleon and his allies, and the Commemoration and legacy. Within each topic, users can view thumbnails, magnify exhibits, read a description of the object and find more information from a glossary. The Man covers: personal life; rise through the ranks; strategist and commander; and immortal memory (exhibits portraying the nations' grief at the loss of their hero). Nelson's Navy looks at ships (Intrepid, Bellona, Elephant, Victory, Foudroyant), weapons and tactics (some 23 exhibits) and life on board (from the officers to the common sailors). The Battles topic covers: Cape St Vincent; the Nile; Copenhagen; and Trafalgar. Users can also access the information through an atlas, timeline or search facility.
The website "Nelson Collection" concerns the collection held at Lloyd's of artefacts, letters and silverware connected to Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson. Artefacts include the logbook of the HMS 'Euryalus', three badges of Nelson's Orders, and portrait busts. Information is given on the collection and Nelson's connection to Lloyd's, in the form of factsheets (available as PDF files) and an online guide to the Nelson Collection (requiring Flash). A biography of Lord Nelson and an overview of the major historical events of his lifetime are provided. A section of the site is dedicated to the Lloyd's Patriotic Fund, set up after the Napoleonic Wars.
Brief information on the Nelson Tower, Forres is available on the Moray Council website. Built by the Trafalgar Club in commemoration of Nelson's victory at Trafalgar, the tower opened on Trafalgar Day, 1812. Displays in the tower feature the life of Admiral Lord Nelson and the Forres Trafalgar Club.
This article from the National Maritime Museum's "Journal of Maritime Research" from May 2002 focuses on the battle plans drawn by Vice Admiral Lord Nelson for the Battle of Trafalgar. In particular, the article examines the recent discovery of a plan created by Nelson before Trafalgar. This information results from a new scholarly reseach project entitled the 'Nelson Letters Project.' The site includes some scanned copies of Nelson's handwritten notes as well as rare diagrams now interpreted as his actual pre-battle strategies. The site gives additional information on how to subscribe to the "Journal of Maritime Research" in order to follow further published results from this research. The author, Colin White, was the director of the bicentenary celebrations 'Trafalgar 200' - both within the Museum and nationally.
Nelson's Dockyard Museum is situated in Antigua, and is the last remaining example of a Georgian Naval Dockyard. Details of the history of the dockyard are outlined on this site which includes: the establishment of the dockyard by the British in 1725; its importance during the Napoleonic Wars with the French, 1790-1815; and its subsequent use until 1889. This page is part of a website about Museums in Antigua and Barbuda.
The website is an online version of the contemporary biography of Horatio Nelson written by Robert Southey. The biography is presented in chapters, from childhood to Nelson's death at Trafalgar (1758-1805). The site contains advertising, and is part of the World Wide School site.
Through this website, the National Archives makes available a database of the 18,000-plus men (and one woman) who were present at the battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805. The database is accompanied by a Web exhibition providing a brief introduction to the naval events of the Napoleonic wars from 1793 onward. The exhibition is divided into sections entitled: the Napoleonic Wars; the threat of French invasion; the build-up to Trafalgar; the Battle of Trafalgar; and the Aftermath. It is enhanced by maps, illustrations and military and historical document images taken from the collections of the National Archives. These can be enlarged. Transcripts of the text documents are provided, and zoom and pan functions are available for many of the illustrations. A list for further readings is also included. This site provides a useful introduction to the naval aspect of the Napoleonic wars, and sets the database in its historical context. The database of Trafalgar personnel includes all those who were involved in the battle on the side of the Royal Navy. It is based on a variety of records, such as: ships' musters; certificates of service; records of applications for Greenwich Hospital in-pensioners; passing certificates; survey returns; and biographical sources. Further information about the database and its compilation is provided. The database is an ongoing project and aims eventually to include genealogical and service details for all records. It can be searched using either a simple or an advanced function. Search results list the following information for each person: name; age at Trafalgar; place of birth if known; rank; and a link to access further information, which includes details of service. Pages are available in printable versions, and a glossary of terms is additionally provided. This Website will be of interest not only to genealogists, but also to any members of the public with an interest in Horatio Nelson, Trafalgar and in naval history more generally. It will also be a valuable resource for researchers working in the field.
Netting the Bay is an online exhibition dedicated to the history, traditions and people who have fished Morecombe Bay, the Irish Sea and beyond for centuries. The site includes information on the history of deep sea fishing, inshore fishing, and coastal fishing around the town of Fleetwood, and images of fishermen, families, crews, catch, and trawlers. In the Galleries section of the site, there are past and present images of fishing people, the boats they used and their equipment, as well as information and images concerning marine life, natural history, and ecology, in and around Morecombe Bay. The site also includes a Fishing Quiz, and the chance to experience through words and pictures, life as a deep sea, inshore, or coastal fisherman. There are also links to information on the two museums behind the exhibition, Fleetwood Museum and the Lancaster Maritime Museum, and a Teachers' Centre for resources centred around the site.
The New Bedford Whaling Museum is devoted to the historic interaction of humans with whales worldwide. The Museum explores the history of whaling worldwide and the rich cultures - and conservation issues - it inspired. Information on the site includes the extensive collection of art, artefacts, and manuscripts pertaining to American whaling in the age of sail; and the Kendall Institute, the academic studies and research division of the Museum. Further information comprises the American whaling industry, current programmes, links to other site about whaling and details for visitors.
The New Jersey Naval Museum is situated at Hackensack, New Jersey and is operated by the Submarine Memorial Association. It is the home to the USS LING, a Balao class WWII submarine. It is possible to take a virtual trip around the submarine, using Flash. The site includes information about upcoming events; exhibits; links to related and educational sites and a list of submarine losses. General information as to opening hours and group tours is provided.
The Half Moon is a reproduction of the ship that Henry Hudson sailed from Holland to the New World in 1609. The ship is based at the New Netherland's Museum, Albany, New York State but also makes sailing trips. Included here is a brief history of the original voyage and information about the construction of the replica ship. The site is illustrated with photographs and images. The website is also available in Dutch.
The New Zealand National Maritime Museum is based on the waterfront of Downtown Auckland. It includes a theatre, 14 main exhibition galleries, heritage vessels, an education program and research and library facilities. Collections and exhibitions are concerned with the maritime heritage of New Zealand and the Pacific. Vessels berthed in the museum's marina include a 1926 steam floating crane, a brigantine and a scow. Users can access details of the educational programme, offering students the chance to help sail an historic vessel or rig a mast and sails. The website also has details of cruises and special packages offered for functions. The site contains frames.
This website showcases the Special Collections of the University of Newcastle upon Tyne Library. The collection is particularly strong in material related to the history of Newcastle and North-East England and papers relating to significant local literary and political figures. As well as brief summaries of each collection, the website hosts more detailed material in the form of online exhibitions covering a number of the collection’s highlights. These 'Treasure of the Month' subpages illustrate the richness of the Library's rare books, archives, woodblocks and illustrations from the mid-fifteenth century to the twenty-first century. While a comprehensive archival guide is not available online for researchers, the site does post a free, online interactive resource entitled, 'Archives Alive,' for teachers. This section is subdivided according to different primary school levels and should serve as an excellent classroom tool.
The Newport Harbor Nautical Museum, Newport Beach, California, was established by the local community, who wished to preserve Newport's maritime history. Information is provided on the galleries, as well as events, newsletters, and membership. Details for visitors are included.
The website News on Screen is a database of British newsreel production between 1910 and 1983, created by the British Universities Film and Video Council (BUFVC), which had been archiving news reels for academic study since 1969. The database contains 170,000 records from 21 newsreels and cinemagazines, 80,000 digitised newsreel production documents, and a wide range of information resources, including oral history recordings, film availability sources, and online articles. 40,000 records link to free low-resolution downloadable copies from the British Pathe website. From 1999-2003 the BUFVC received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB, now the AHRC) to digitise copies of 80,000 commentary scripts, cameraman's dope sheets, assignment sheets, shot lists and other original documentation as part of the British Universities Newsreel Scripts Project (BUNSP). Further funding was granted by JISC. Each record includes the date of release, title, keyword and description. The films are available either through commercial and public sector film archives or as commercial video releases. Search parameters are flexible, and results provide bibliographic details, subject descriptions, dates, locations, technical details, and staff records where available. The website also boasts a biographical database of British newsreel staff. The "Learn more" section describes how newsreels were made and relates the history of the newsreel. A biography of David Lean, one of the great British film directors, is featured on the site. This resource is currently free, though users from UK FE/HE institutions (ac.uk domains) and BUFVC members can access additional content, such as the NewsFilm Online, the ITN/Reuters archives. The News on Screen was previously called British Universities Newsreel Database (BUND).
The Imperial Japanese Navy Page is a website maintained by enthusiasts and based in America, focusing on the Navy's expertise and weaponry during World War Two. The site includes information on Imperial Japanese Naval Aviation with descriptions and photographs of aircraft; Japanese Carriers and their Tabular Records of Movement (TROMs); operational histories of Japanese destroyers and battleships in WWII; the role of kaiten; articles on naval strategy; and images of ships and submarines. There are also biographical details of Japanese naval officers; a bibliography; articles on the armament of battleships; and links to other sites of relevance.
The website National Maritime Museum's Collections Online is an online database providing access to over 5,000 catalogue records and more than 6,000 images from selected maritime history collections held at the Museum. The contents of the database can be searched, or browsed by category. Currently the following of the museum's collections are available: astronomical and navigation instruments; charts and maps; ceramics; coins and commemorative medals; decorative and fine art; flags; ship models; timekeeping; uniforms; and weapons. Other features on the site are the online exhibitions: Art for the Nation; Atlantic Words; Beside the Seaside; Freeze Frame; Nelson; Turmoil and Tranquility. The online collections can also be browsed by topic: Atlantic Neptune Charts; Bedford Lemere Photographs; Franklin relics; Telescopes online gallery and others. Viewing the items in the collections is possible by different subcategories: type; maker; or century. The My Collections facility allows users create their own archive of collection objects.
This website belongs to the Nomadic Preservation Society, a society devoted to the restoration and preservation of the S.S. Nomadic. The S.S. Nomadic was a passenger transport ship which served and transported, in the most opulent style, passengers from Cherbourg to the R.M.S. Titanic. The Nomadic is, therefore, the last floating connexion to the Titanic. The website presents a history of the society's formation and efforts to save the ship and a diary of events. Of more significant, however, to academic users will be the history of the Nomadic from its construction through the twentieth century (a history which is accompanied by numerous photographs), as well as a history of the ship's builders and of the White Star company. There are also a large number of photographs of the ship's refurbishment and technical layouts and specifications, as well as a virtual tour (requiring QuickTime) of the ship. A highly interesting website which benefits greatly from the passion and dedication of the society's members.
The Norfolk Naval Shipyard is a US Navy industrial facility situated in Portsmouth, Virginia. The aim of this site is to act as an introduction to the vast industrial capabilities available at NNSY, and what the shipyard has to offer.
Opened in 2002, the Norfolk Nelson Museum is situated in Great Yarmouth. The site contains details of Nelson's associations with Norfolk, for Nelson was born in Burnham Thorpe in Norfolk and schooled in North Walsham. A historical background to the building in which the museum is housed is also included. There are selected images of museum exhibits and some links to related sites. Opening times for the museum are listed on the site.
The North Carolina Maritime Museum documents, collects, preserves, and researches the maritime history, and its corollary natural history, of coastal North Carolina for the purpose of interpreting this history through educational services and exhibits. The website provides information on the Museum's history and organisation along with details of the Education, Administrative and Maritime Branches. Details of the former includes the Cape Lookout Studies Program, while details of the latter include collections information and the collections policy. Collections include cultural artefacts and fish specimens, photographs, indigenous boats, uniforms of the US Lifesaving Service and US Coast Guard, lifesaving gear and ephemera, fishing gear, decoys, boat models and half-hulls, a Fresnel lens, woodworking tools, nets, sea chests, and maritime paintings and prints. The website also includes information on: Blackbeard the pirate and the wreck of Queen Anne's Revenge; special exhibits; the boatbuilding programme; activities; and a calendar of events.
This is the NOVA Online companion website to the American PBS television programme, "Hitler's Lost Sub," which was originally broadcast on 14 November 2000. The film covered a six-year investigation by a group of divers to identify a U-boat they discovered in 1991 off the coast of New Jersey. Here you can: explore the World War II German submarine in a Flash animation, that divers eventually identified as U-869; find out about the "sole survivor" of U-869 that sunk in 1945; an interactive virtual dive to the wreck to discover the hazards of scuba diving to 230 feet; follow an illustrated timeline from 1623 (when a Dutch inventor steered the first submersible down the River Thames) to 1997; there is a clickable map of lost U-Boats (naval historian Timothy Mulligan describes 25 of the most historically significant U-boats of the more than 1,100 U-boats sunk, scuttled, captured, or otherwise lost to German forces during the Second World War); and even fire a torpedo in a submarine attack game, (to be successful, though, you'll have to learn what makes a torpedo tick).There are extensive annotated links to online resources and a bibliography for the study of the war fought by the German U-boats, their prey, and their hunters. There is also a teacher's guide identifying issues raised by the TV programme. Therefore, while this website is aimed especially at a secondary level, it may also appeal to early undergraduates. All pages are cross referenced and hyperlinked to other relevant World War II resources. The transcript from the original programme is posted.
Ocean Navigator is a website that contains an American magazine, which aims to focus on the serious navigation and seamanship needs of sailors operating ocean-going yachts. The content ranges from articles on boatbuilders and boat design to maritime heritage and navigation technology. It is possible to browse the site by issue, subject, author, and type, but in order to read the articles, it is necessary to pay to subscribe, and information is provided. The site includes advertising, and free e-newsletters on subjects like offshore safety and medicine, and communications/ marine electronics.
OCEANIC: Research ship schedules and information maintains a searchable database of cruise schedules, research ship specifications and contact information for research vessels around the world. The Web site includes search facilities by cruise schedule and ship specifications as well as simple searches by vessel name or country of affiliation. The site also offers links to events pages and sites with further relevant information on research vessels. In the 'what's new' section, users will particularly note the emphasis on arctic seaborne labs and polar exploration generally. Older news items are archived and searchable by country name. Cruise data holdings go back to 1991; however, at the time of review, the site posted a statement that in recent years, fewer updates have been added due to funding cuts. Since 2005, the College of Marine and Earth Studies at the University of Delaware has absorbed the most basic costs of keeping the site active. While not a particularly attractive site, data here will doubtlessly be helpful for those who require a sea vessel to conduct their research and site navigation is more or less straightforward.
Created to celebrate the two hundredth anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar, the official website of HMS Victory provides detailed information on the ship and her crew. Much of the site focuses on HMS Victory's role as the flagship of Admiral Lord Nelson's fleet at Trafalgar in 1805; it includes a muster roll of the men on board. Attractively illustrated with photographs, cross-section diagrams and a newspaper report of the battle, this is a useful site. Despite being in dry dock at Portsmouth, HMS Victory is still a commissioned warship and is staff by the Royal Navy, so some information is given about her history between Trafalgar and the present day. As the ship is open to visitors, the standard information for tourist attractions is provided, including opening hours and ticket prices. There are many pages for schools, generally key stages 1 and 2, with a transcript of the tour given to schoolchildren. Some areas of the site have not been updated since 2004 and a few links do not work.
The RMS Republic, a steamer belonging to the White Star Steamship Company, collided with the Florida and sunk on January 24, 1909, 50 miles south of Nantucket Island on the United States Eastern Coast. All passengers and crew survived and were rescued except for those killed in the initial collision. Irrepressible rumours from that date onwards suggest that the ship was carrying a great deal of money including $3,000,000 of American Gold Eagle coins. The site tells the story of the RMS Republic, illustrated with photographs of the original interior, and provides details of the reported riches she was carrying. There is an incomplete passenger and crew list, reports of past salvage efforts, relevant press clippings and legal notices. An interactive section contains a chat room and message boards.
This site focuses on Olaudah Equiano, a former slave who was involved in the movement to abolish slavery in 18th Century Britain, leading him to write his abolitionist autobiography. Information on the site includes: a biography of Equiano and a map of his travels; a bibliography; extracts from his autobiography, The Interesting Narrative; and links to sites of further interest.
The Old Gaffers Association (OGA) was founded in 1968 to preserve interest in and encourage development of gaff rig boats. Membership of the Association is open to all who are interested in sailing, building, restoring or simply admiring gaff rigged and other traditional craft. They organise races and other events for gaff or lug-rigged vessels and classic yachts in various parts of the UK and the Republic of Ireland. They also have branches in Western Australia and France and links with sailing organisations throughout Europe, Scandinavia, Canada and the USA. The Association publishes a quarterly newsletter, the `Gaffers Log' and host a discussion forum on their site. Other sections include boats for sale, links to OGA branches, an events list, and membership details.
This site contains information on passenger lists for ports of arrival in the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, and South Africa. It is also possible to search by the year of arrival. There are also sections of information on USA and Canadian military history. The site is maintained by an enthusiast.
The website 'Onilne Titanic Museum' contains a virtual display of a large private collection of authentic Titanic and White Star Line memorabilia. The Online Titanic Museum is dedicated to preserving the memory of the Titanic, her sister ships, and the White Star Line which operated the 3 'Olympic Class' sisters: Olympic; Titanic; and Britannic. The website includes the following information: Ttitanic items, categorised as either artefacts or memorials; White Star Line items, with explanations of the origin and purpose of the items; contemporary films of the Titanic, including video footage from 1985 (Windows Media or Quick Time is required to view); and a brief history of the vessel.
The site of the OHRU contains information about CHide, the Centre for the History of Defence Electronics. This was was established in 1995 to record, preserve and disseminate information about the developments in electronics particularly during the nineteen thirties, forties and fifties. The focus of the Centre is on human memory - personal recollections of those who were involved with the invention, development, production, operational use and maintenance of land, sea and air based elctronic equipment and systems. Our main research tool is oral history. The site includes information on events, publications, and the virtual museum of electronics; projects (1995 - 1999), research, and the archive. The Oral History Research Unit at Bournemouth University has ceased active operation as an archive, and is not currently undertaking external projects or consultancy.
This is the homepage of the Orders and Medals Research Society (OMRS), the first incarnation of which began in 1939 and was officially founded in 1942. The OMRS holds meetings, prints a newsletter and catalogues medals, orders and military decorations for collectors, students and military historians. The site provides information on society membership and subscription to the society journal, along with details on useful links, international branches, meetings and reports. Users will also find listings on medals available for purchase and on stolen medals. Publications of the society can be purchased by members and access to other substantial information on the site is available on a members-only subpage.
Covering a period from the mid-18th Century to the end of the war with Napoleon, this paper explores how Britain's commercial and trading classes responded to the country's naval success. The way these achievements influenced public maritime history is discussed by the author, who concludes that public history should not be dismissed as propaganda but integrated into the professional academic historian's practice. The article is from the National Maritime Museum's Journal for Maritime Research, and requires a subscription to the journal for full viewing.
Out in the Cold is a site focusing on the involvement of the Australian armed forces in the Korean War (1950-53), as part of the United Nations multinational force, in the defense of South Korea from Communist North Korea. The site includes a Timeline, Maps, Origins of the war, the role of Australians in Korea with information on War at Sea and Operation Han; Australian Operations with maps; Weapons of War; Armistice and the Aftermath; a Glossary; Statistics, and a Bibliography. The site also includes links to sites of further interest, and a guide to researching Australian involvement in the Korean War.
Ozships : Australian Shipping 1788 to 1968 is an enthusiast's website that provides users with free access to details of shipping arrivals and departures and passenger lists for both Australia and New Zealand. Over 66,000 entries relate to shipping arrivals and departures and there is information for over 92,000 passengers. The data is taken from shipping gazettes, trade lists, newspapers, logs and other archival material. Each entry contains the name of the ship, the arrival or departure date, port of origin and destination, if known, plus other details. There are also passenger, convict and crew lists. Passenger lists are accessed through the name of the vessel they travelled on and are not comprehensive. A CD of the database is available to buy. Since late 2008, the site has been undergoing an overhaul and updating its links to accompany its new name of Ozships.
The website of the Pacific History Association presents the association; its activities (mainly conferences); and membership information. This website may be useful to archaeologists, anthropologists and historians interested in the archaeology and history of the Pacific Islands. In particular, those wishing to attend one of the conferences organised by the association will find some useful information. The website publishes also hyperlinks of universities researching the area as well as other useful websites such as those about the islands of Rotuma and Abara Banaba.
Built in 1924, the Paddle Steamer Kingswear Castle is Britain's last coal-fired paddle steamer. The site outlines her career and preservation, and provides links to other steam and sailing sites. It is possible to charter the paddle steamer, and the site gives details of river trips from Chatham and Rochester. There is also information and photographs showing the refit of the Kingswear Castle and various other paddle steamers in Britain and abroad.
The Paddle Steamer Preservation Society operates Britain's only two working paddle steamers, the PS 'Waverley', and the PS 'Kingswear Castle'. This site contains information on becoming a member of the Society; content details of the latest issue of the Society's journal; and external links to the timetables for the two steamers.
Compiled by an enthusiast, the website 'Palmer List of Merchant Vessels' is a list consisting of descriptions of merchant vessels from all over the world, both sail and steam, mostly from the 19th century. Arrangement is alphabetical by the name of the ship, and details provided include the type of ship, date of launch, her master, a description and a photograph. S
Part of the National Library of Australia Manuscripts website, this webpage lists the papers of Alan Villiers, who was a sailor and author. He was a reporter for the Mercury from 1924 to 1929 but resigned to pursue a career as an author and adventurer. He wrote more than 30 books about his experiences as a seaman on a variety of craft. His books include 'The way of a ship', 'Give me a ship to sail' and 'Set of the sails'. The papers are listed by document series, for example: diaries; journals; logs and notebooks; general drafts; and war service; and also by box number (box 1 - 138) with the contents of each box described.
The Paris memorandum of understanding (MOU) on Port State Control is the official document in which the 20 participating Maritime Authorities agree to implement a harmonised system of Port State Control. The Paris MOU consists of 20 participating maritime Administrations and covers the waters of the European coastal States and the North Atlantic basin from North America to Europe. The Paris MOU aims at eliminating the operation of sub-standard ships through a harmonized system of Port State control. The site includes contact details of Port State Control authorities; annual reports; a current listing of the Paris MOU Inspection database of banned ships; current detentions; an Inspection database; information on the Memorandum of Understanding and the Appeal Procedure; and an explanation of Port State Control at work.
This Web page provides an online account of the passage from London to Sydney, in 1878, by William Hampson. The website is based on Hampson's notes and diary from the journey and has been compiled and digitised by his great-grandson, Phil Davies. The diary is quite detailed and contains a great amount of information on the day-to-day life aboard the sailing ship, 'Anne Duthie'. Hampson, as well as detailing the ordinary events of life on-board the ship (such as bathing routines), also took a particular interest in wildlife, and he documents many of the new animals discovered by him on his voyage. Sadly, the images he recorded are not available on the website. They are, however, available (along with an entire copy of the diary entries) in PDF format at the following address: http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/philsnet/WHLtoS.pdf.
Contained here is a directory of ships bringing passengers to Western Australia. Information provided includes the port the ship departed from (mostly a British port) and the numbers of passengers carried. Where available there is a list of passenger names that the ship carried. There is also information about the convicts that came to Western Australia between 1850 and 1868. An enthusiast maintains the site.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum (NMM), is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. It provides basic information on how to research specific passengers. The introduction explains the problems associated with tracing individual passengers and outlines the records available at the NMM and the National Archives.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum (NMM), is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. The guide lists some of the NMM's photographic material (original photos, or photographs of plans, pictures or models) showing ships that have sailed to Australia and New Zealand.
Paths of Memory is the website of this multinational project focusing on the First and Second World Wars and the Spanish Civil War, and the effects of these conflicts on Europe. It is also a meditation on memory, how different nations remember and celebrate a common past. Each section explores the themes of Military Operations, the Home Front and the War Effort, Occupation, and Liberation. Each war has a very good description, accompanied by illustrations and maps. A place index, also grouped according to the three major wars discussed, allows a different approach to the rich material on the site. For each place selected from the alphabetical list, a detailed text comprising the related events and peoples is offered. The site is available in English, French, German, Italian and Spanish. The partner institutions are: Le Mémorial de Caen (France); Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Bonn, Germany); D-Day Museum Portsmouth; Centre Guerres et Sociétés Contemporaines (Bruxelles, Belgium); Museo de la Paz (Gernika-Luma, Spain); Istituto per i Beni Culturali (Bologne, Italy).
Patrimoine des Côtes is a website devoted to Jersey's rich maritime history, looking at the sailors, boats, ship wrecks, privateers (not 'pirates'), and heritage of this Channel Isle. The articles published here give an introduction to their subject which will be of general interest for local history as well as those interested in maritime heritage. The newsletters of the Friends of the Maritime Museum (Jersey) are published here, and their events are also publicised on these pages. The articles include information about famous sailors from the island, including Philippe de Carteret, Royal Navy (1733-1796) who has been described as one of the greatest explorers of his day, responsible for the "discovery" of 20 or more Pacific islands. This privately published website relies on pop-up advertising which makes navigation somewhat annoying; moreover, the site has not been updated since 2001 so it should be handled with care.
Patriots Point Naval and Maritime Museum is a collection of US Navy vessels, a US Coast Guard ship, and a US diesel submarine. The site includes information on ships and naval aviation from WWII, with links to histories and photographs from their service; the journal of an ensign on a Coast Guard Cutter during WW2; information on the congressional Medal of Honor Society; maritime and naval history displays; Vietnam aviation and patrol boats; and the Navy Advance Tactical Support Base.
The Marine Paintings and Drawings section of the website of the Peabody Essex Museum focuses on a percentage of the 25,000 marine paintings, drawings, and prints at the museum, that are catalogued. The archive currently contains 80 images available as JPEG files, through an on-line catalogue. The catalogue is organised alphabetically by artist, and artist and subject indexes are also provided.
The Pearl Harbor History Associates, Inc. (PHHA) website aims to educate and honour the heritage of the infamous events of the surprise Japanese air attack on December 7th 1941 on the Pearl Harbor Naval Base (Hawaii) that instigated US involvement in the Second World War and temporarily crippled the American fleet. The PHHA hosts an intricately interconnected set of resources that includes: message boards; primary documents; accounts of veterans; contemporary photographs, films and sound files; and links to other online resources. It is sometimes difficult to see which part of this large resource you are currently in (for example the Web addresses change domain, whilst the page design and navigation remains the same). However, this does not detract from the overwhelming nature of the factual and photographic record available here.
The Pearl Harbor Attacked Message Board includes participation by experts and veterans. It also claims to have listed the names of all civilians and military killed during the attack. The Pearl Harbor Attack Hearings records the accounts of the attack itself, from the subsequent Congressional Hearings (over 5,000 pages of original documents and testimony related to the investigations). Battleship Row provides pictures and information on all the ships of the US navy during the attack. Also included are casualty lists and technical specifications of the Imperial Japanese Navy ships and aircraft involved. The USS Arizona, BB-39, the gallant warrior's story are Web pages created with the needs of school students in mind looking to find out about this national memorial. The World War 2 Resources, links to primary records documenting the war. This has not been added to since 1997. However, as most of these primary documents are hosted by the PHHA, the links remain live. More specifically there is a separate page of Pearl Harbor links. This site may be useful for anyone interested in World War Two history, despite the slightly propagandistic statements that occur on it.
The Penobscot Marine Museum, Searsport, Maine is based in a number of historic seafaring buildings such as a former sea captain's house. Brief information on current and upcoming exhibits are included on the site, as are details of educational opportunities. Events such as the lecture programme are outlined. The Museum's Stephen Philips Memorial Library holds genealogical and local history research materials. These include the David A. Nichols Collection and a series of nautical charts.
The Pensacola Maritime Site contains reading and photo galleries, focusing on the maritime history of the Port from the 16th Century and the arrival of Don Tristan De Luna's ships. The site includes links to historic photos; biographies of Pensacola's mariners; sea stories; the Battleship Maine; ecosystems; audio/ video presentation of maritime sights and sounds; and links to other sites.
The author describes an un-named monster warship, the pride of the fleet of King Pyrrhus of Epirus, which was used in battles during the 3rd Century BC. Specific battles the warship fought in are mentioned and include the Battle of Mylae in 260 BC, where she was the command ship. The importance of this ship in shaping history is noted. This paper was originally presented by the author at the American Philological Association Convention in 1996.
This essay is a list of places around the Indian Ocean that were involved in trading in the 1st Century AD. Advice on entering some of the ports with a vessel is given. Also mentioned are some of the goods that were traded. It is part of the Internet Ancient History Sourcebook.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File looks at Tsar Peter I of Russia, generally described as Peter the Great. It describes his family, how Peter inherited the throne, and what Russia was like at the time. It looks at Peter's interest in warfare, and his trip to Europe to study shipbuilding, seamanship, and the organisation of navies. His trip was welcomed because of the trading possibilities, but Peter was not a good tenant as John Evelyn discovered. Peter's trip, King William's assistance, and the success of the trip, despite Peter's behaviour, are all mentioned. The Fact File ends with an account of his death and a chronology of the main events in Peter the Great's life.
This website, a subpage of the National Maritime Museum, provides an article on the life and work of the Australian sailor, author and photographer, Alan Villiers (1903-1982), commemorating the hundredth anniversary of his birth. The website contains a brief illustrated biography. A member of the first commercial Antarctic whaling trip, Villiers made a name for himself as a journalist and memoir writer, who famously chronicled events aboard a number of sea expeditions. During the Second World War, he received the Distinguished Service Cross for commanding landing ships. Researchers will find useful details here about the National Maritime Museum's Alan Villiers photograph collection. These photographs, which are part of the National Maritime Museum's historic photograph collection, contains some 20,000 negatives. They cover Villiers's experiences from the 1920s to the 1950s. The Museum also holds 150 cans of Villiers's films, from those same voyages. There are also links to the Museum's online shop where prints of his works can be purchased, and to the Atlas Gallery in London, where a porfolio of limited edition prints by Villiers is on display.
The PSG focuses on the role of UK World War Two Anti-Invasion Structures known as pillboxes, believing these defences to be as important as those of the past. The site includes information on the Pillbox Study Group and the Historical Aspects of Anti-Invasion Structures, such as Invasion History, Defence Locations (with a map of proposed Stop-Lines in the UK), and Defence Structures. There are also photographs and articles about Basic Pillbox Designs and pillboxes found in the UK and Europe; Advanced Designs of pill boxes; contact and membership information; instructions for joining the mailing list, and links to sites of further interest. Information is also included on anti-invasion defences of World War Two, that were built inland and along the coastline of the West Country of England.
'Pioneer' is a deep sea smack built along the banks of Colneside and the River Blackwater. This is the website of the 'Pioneer' Sailing Trust, set up in 1999 to restore back to sailing condition the last remaining 1st Class Essex Skillinger Smack 'Pioneer'. The site provides a history of the vessel, including historic photographs and a sail plan; a timeline of the raising and rebuilding of the 'Pioneer'; the Trust's future plans for the vessel; and information about how to help the Trust.
The "Pitcairn Islands Study Center" website is published by the Nelson Memorial Library at the Pacific Union College (California, USA). The Study Centre is the largest North American collection of materials relating to the Mutiny on the Bounty, Captain William Bligh, H.M.S. Bounty, and the Pitcairn and Norfolk Islands. The site is well laid out, and provides a good range of reference material on each of the topics. Included is an encyclopaedia of the crew on the Bounty, information on the HMS Pandora, the history of the Pitcairn Islands, pre and post 1790, and an analysis of the mutiny on the Bounty. Users can also find information about visiting the Pitcairn Islands Study Center on the site.
Part of the Plymouth Council website, these pages provide information about the types of archives located at the Plymouth and West Devon Record Office. These run back to the late 1100s and include: deeds; charters; minute books; private papers; manorial documents; reports; diaries; financial records; maps; plans; photographs; card indexes; as well as sources on microfilm and microfiche. Separate subsites describe in greater detail local cemetery records; various family history indexes; parish records; school documents; prison registers; and local and naval studies. Business records include details of the Plymouth Dock Water Company, the Plymouth Great Western Dock Company, the Sutton Harbour Improvement Company, and Torpoint Steam Ferry Company. The archive holds personal records, such as the journals, diaries and letters of naval officers. The site additionally offers a photo gallery, with samples from the record office's collections.
Users can search for detailed information in the site's online archive catalogue. A special page provides archival contacts who can help genealogists with their research. There is also a link to a cyberlibrary and to the index of records held in Plymouth on the Historic Manuscript Commission's National Register of Archives database. Contact details and visitor information are provided, as are relevant links.
This is the website of the Naval Studies Collection of Plymouth Libraries. The website mainly provides visitor information and very very briefly mentions the collection's highlights including: information on all aspects of the history of the Royal Navy; a special collection of titles from the Hakluyt Society and Naval Record Society; a complete run of Jane's Fighting Ships from 1898 onwards; biographical compilations, ships' logs, and personal diaries; historical and current Admiralty charts for the area; historical and current periodicals; and an extensive collection of photographs of naval vessels supplemented by portraits of prominent naval officers, and other naval subjects. The library catalogue may be searched online and there is a link to the National Maritime Museum library catalogue and other related websites.
This finding aid was produced by staff at the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston and was originally intended for on-site researchers at the Audrey Rushbrook Memorial Library and Archives. It provides a narrative description of some archival material (with Accession Numbers) from the Port Arthur Shipbuilding Company (PASCOL), a division of Canadian Shipbuilding and Engineering. During both World Wars, PASCOL built naval vessels for the British Admiralty. The first sections of the finding aid look at: the establishment of the Port Arthur Shipyards; the Western Drydock Company's first contracts; the Company's activities during World War I; the depression before the revival during World War II; the prosperity of the 1950's; and the shipyard's business in recent years. The finding aid goes on to give the scope and arrangement of the fonds (collection). The main part of the finding aid looks in detail at the Textual Subgroup, which is comprised of the Series: Payroll; Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable; Intermediate Accounting/Financial Statements; General Accounting; Purchasing/Sales Department; Engineering/Production (containing precise details of production, and repair estimation and contract negotiation); General Administration; and Personnel Department. It finishes by describing the Subgroup Graphic Records, which is comprised of Ship and Shipyard Plans.
PortCities Bristol is one of a consortium of partner projects around the British Isles led by the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, London. Other interlinked sites include London, Southampton, Hartlepool and Liverpool. This site deals with the history of Bristol, and especially its former slave trade; slavery routes; people involved; movements against slavery; and the effects of slavery after abolition. Teachers and students can use a number of learning tools here, including historical timelines, an interactive slave trade map with links to illustrated explanatory essays and bibliographies.
Aside from extensive resources on the slave trade, there is also a subsite devoted to a collection of Chinese glass, acquired by the city in relation to its own history of glass-making. There are a number of attractive subpages here that highlight images in Chinese glass pieces and describe their cultural significance. Such information will be helpful for teachers seeking to broaden the range of local history for their students by finding connections therein to larger international topics. Additional virtual galleries relate the history of the city.
Researchers will also find several subsites here with scanned images of historical artifacts and other materials from local libraries and archives, thus providing them with an introduction to holdings at the following institutions: Bristol City Museum; Bristol Record Office; Bristol Central Library; the University of Bristol Library; the Society of Merchant Venturers; the British Empire and Commonwealth Museum; John Wesley's chapel; and the John Judkyn Memorial Museum.
PortCities Hartlepool, is a New Opportunities Fund digitisation project and is one of a consortium of partner projects around the British Isles, led by the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, London. The other sites are for London, Liverpool, Bristol and Southampton. The Hartlepool site provides information on fishing and industry associated with the town; ships and shipping, including wrecks, accidents and lighthouses; the port and the town; local people; and Hartlepool at war. Learning and education resources will help teachers introduce students to the history of ship-building; the development of local government, reflecting the huge population growth of Hartlepool and West Hartlepool in the 19th century. Researchers will find other information derived from primary source materials to be of use here, such as ships' registers from 1845 to 1855; lists of shipowners from 1860; details on local shipbuilders from the mid 19th century to the mid 20th century; primary source information on trades surrounding the shipbuilding industry; railway and harbour construction; great fires in the town.
PortCities Liverpool is part of an interlinked resource of Web sites focusing on the maritime history of the ports of London, Bristol, Hartlepool, Liverpool and Southampton. The site is supported by several local archives and libraries, principally Liverpool Library and Information Services. The Liverpool Web site includes information on the city's canals, tunnels, ferries, bridges, docks and shipping; the slave trade; cholera riots in the 1830s; the city during conflicts and wars, including the Second World War; photo galleries; and noted individuals, with samples from private papers. References are also made here to the history of entertainment and celebrations in the city. Researchers will also find a good subsite on the Merseyside Jewish Community Archives. A guide to local archives on this site will prove helpful for historians. This wealth of historical detail is bolstered by teaching tools that will allow teachers to use the site's materials to conduct lessons. The site has its own search engine and navigation is clear and straightforward.
PortCities London is part of an interlinked resource of Web sites produced by the National Maritime Museum; the sites focus on the maritime history of the ports of London, Bristol, Hartlepool, Liverpool and Southampton. The London Web site includes information on the history of the port from Roman times through to the 20th century. A wealth of historical essays, images, and timeline games will especially help teachers introduce students to the people and industries important during the long history of this settlement on the river Thames. Details on the port of London here range from short pieces on particular ships, their crews, and their cargoes to the development of the city's sewage system. The site also describes immigrants who arrived in London on trading ships, and focuses on the Scandanavian and Chinese communities. Other interesting aspects of the site include essays on the Great Fire of London in 1666; prison hulks and the transportation of prisoners to the colonies in the 18th and 19th centuries; and the Docklands and East End London during the Blitz in World War II. With a final section on the recent regeneration of the Docklands and Canary Wharf, site visitors will be able to place the port's current incarnation in historical context.
The PortCities Southampton website is the home page of the Southampton branch of the PortCities UK project, and makes available a large archive of documents relating to the maritime history of Southampton and the surrounding area. Many of these sources will be made available for the first time. Most of the archive refers to the period 1930 to 1945 and covers the time of the transatlantic liners and World War II, but much of the site's supporting material takes a broader chronological approach. The site publishes a comprehensive range of secondary material, covering many aspects of port and maritime life. This material is organised into learning themes, which can be accessed via the site's left-hand navigation bar. These themes deal with the following broad subject areas: Southampton itself; registers and records for maritime history (e.g. you will find information on how to use Lloyd's Registers of Ships); wrecks and accidents; the life of a port; shipping companies and liners; people's relationships to the sea; and the development of different types of ship. Each theme has many subdivisions and is illustrated with photographs from the site's digital archive. These themes provide a thorough introduction to the local and general aspects of the archives' historical context. The site also includes information on pursuing personal research in maritime history. The collections themselves can be explored using the search and browse functions on the right-hand side of the web pages. Collections of sources from particular partner institutions can be viewed in the "Partners and Collections" section of the site. The archives also includes Southampton Speaks, oral history interviews (audio files in MPS format) of dockers and seafarers - the memories of local people; and a glossary of nautical terms. Interactive content includes games which require Java, and quizzes. The site is a rich, varied and valuable resource for all those with an interest in maritime history and the history of Southampton. The learning themes make the material accessible for school pupils and provide a useful introduction for other users, and the archive itself will be of interest to researchers of all types.
"PortCities UK" is a huge online digital collection on the maritime history of the United Kingdom. It is funded by the New Opportunities Fund, as part of its EnrichUK project, and has been published by the National Maritime Museum in collaboration with Hartlepool Borough Libraries, Liverpool Libraries and Information Services, Bristol City Council, and Southampton Reference Library. PortCities UK acts as a portal for five satellite sites, which explore the maritime history of five cities: Bristol, Hartlepool, Liverpool, Southampton and London. Amongst the subjects covered are slavery, shipbuilding, the docks, employment at sea, maritime archives and records, and war. Altogether the site contains an impressive number of digitised items, including photographs, manuscripts, paintings, artefacts, and maps. These can be browsed or searched by each city, or the entire site can be searched from the portal page. Short movies of each of the partner sites can be seen on the main page in flash format or in HTML. This cluster of sites is a wonderful resource to teach and discover the maritime past of Britain's ports.
The Portsmouth Historic Dockyard encompasses six visitor attractions at the Portsmouth Dockyard. On their website details are provided about each of these which are: the 'Mary Rose' the Tudor warship which had thousands of items on board when she sank; HMS 'Victory' the oldest warship in the world in continuous commission and the most famous of all sailing warships; HMS 'Warrior' built in 1860, she was essentially the world's first iron battleship and the largest, fastest, most heavily armed, warship ever built; the Royal Naval Museum containing a rich collection of artefacts including ship models, figureheads, swords, uniforms and medals; warships by water, a 40 minute boat tour of the modern Naval Base; the Dockyard Apprentice, a hands on exhibition displaying the skills used in building the great Dreadnought class battleships; and Action Stations, with displays about the Navy today. Included is visitor information such as admission charges and special events.
This Web site provides a digitised version of a rare, three-volume history of English exploration and seafaring in the 16th century, written by Richard Hakluyt (1552 or 1553-1616) and published between 1598 and 1600. The book is held in the Kraus Collection of Sir Francis Drake at the Library of Congress.
The volumes deal with England's naval exploits against Spain and America, particularly the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588; the victory at Cadiz in 1596; and two voyages in which Sir Francis Drake and M. Thomas Candish circumnavigated the earth. Historians and students will appreciate the online accessibility of this source, which was important in promoting the settlement of North America. There are links to each volume, although the links are not easily visible on the main page with the book's bibliographic information. Access to the site is available through a search from more than one host site, and so annoyingly does not provide a stable home URL address, which makes it difficult to bookmark.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum, is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. As part of the General Introductions category, this guide looks at the main records held by the Museum, which include printed books, pamphlets, periodicals, specialist journals, microfilms, and manuscripts. The guide is in three main sections: Lloyd's Marine Records (for researching ships' technical details, ship movements, crews, and ship losses and casualties); other records, such as Admiralty movement books, crew lists, official logs, and parliamentary papers; and other sources of information.
This site is part of the Imperial War Museum's Collections online database, which chronicles the widely different experiences of Prisoners of War and commemorates the fortitude and suffering of both military and civilian captives. Information relates to POWs of the 20th Century, and include the following themes; 'In the bag'; 'Escape and evasion'; 'Internment'; and 'The Camps.' Resources from the museum collections include selections of records covering art, exhibits, books, photographs, and the aircraft and vehicles collection, as well as sound recordings.
Proceedings is the monthly journal of the Naval Institute, an organisation focusing on worldwide naval matters for US civilians and naval personnel. The site includes a current table of contents, links to the archives and index from 1997 to the present, current year features, past year's features, and tables of contents from past issues.
Project Liberty Ship is a non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation of the Liberty Ship S.S. John W Brown as a living Memorial to the men and women who built the great Liberty Fleet and to the merchant seamen and Naval Armed Guard who sailed the ships across all oceans of the world. The aim of the organisation is to preserve the SS John W Brown, which is one of two remaining vessels from the Liberty class cargo ships, built during World War Two. The vessel is moored in Baltimore, U.S.A., and now makes scheduled passenger cruises. The site contains further information about the history of the organisation and the Liberty Fleet, as well as the people associated with the World War Two Merchant Marine. There is a listing of shipyards that built the Liberty vessels, a schedule of cruises for the coming year, membership information, and a news section.
This Web site, a publication of the UK Department of Transport, focuses on the sinking of the F.V.Gaul in 1974, and subsequent inquiries and investigations into the loss of the vessel. This Hull-based fishing boat was lost with all crewmembers in bad weather in Arctic waters north of Norway. No distress call was ever received, and very little wreckage was recovered until relatively recently. In 1998, reports that new and important evidence had been found prompted the Deputy Prime Minister to order an underwater survey of the wreck to address any questions about this marine accident.
The site posts initial reports in the first days following the accident in 1974; it provides the 1998 report; and it includes access to the 2002 survey with inquiry video presentations (requiring Windows Media Player). Finally, it offers extensive information regarding the most recent investigation in 2004. This RFI (Re-opened Formal Investigation) includes several videos, hearing transcripts, lists of witnesses and imagery used as evidence, along with a final report. Two glossaries are posted for members of the public and researchers who may be interested for personal or scholarly reasons. Some parts of the site require a PDF viewer.
The Puget Sound Shipyard is located adjacent to the city of Bremerton in Western Washington, United States. Information about the Naval Shipyard includes history of the shipyard, training opportunities, images of shipyard scenes and related naval links.
A guide to Queen Anne's Revenge, the flagship of Bluebeard the pirate which sank in Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina in 1718. The resource provides a fascinating illustrated account of the wreck and its thousands of recovered artefacts together with much valuable background material from British and French sources on the politics and economics of slaving and piracy in North America in the early 18th century. The ship had in fact been captured from the French a year before its demise and renamed in honour of the reigning English Queen by pirates who proved themselves as much as a nuisance to the English settlers of Charlston and the coast of New England as they did to the French. The wreck has been investigated since 1997 under the auspices of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources in collaboration with public, private and academic researchers. The account of the work highlights the problems of underwater excavation but also the wider legal and heritage issues raised by underwater archaeology so will also interest heritage professionals. The website provides preliminary excavation and conservation reports of the work from 1997 onwards, some geological background, in addition to bibliographies and research articles (in PDF format, in the "Researcher Corner") on various aspects of the shipwreck.
The full text of the speech given by Elizabeth I, to the troops in the field during the attack on the Spanish Armada. It contains the well known words I know I have but the body of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart of a king, and of a king of England, too.. This is reproduced as part of the Internet Modern History Sourcebook, which is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts for introductory level classes in modern European and World history.
This is the website for the Queensland Maritime Museum in Brisbane, Australia. The museum was founded in 1971 and contains a variety of ship models, including historic sailing ships, tankers and cruise liners as well as many maritime maps. The steam tug Forceful, the only remaining working coal-fired steam tug in Queensland, is berthed at the Museum wharf and there are regular sailings down the Brisbane River. The HMAS Diamantina (a River Class Frigate) is in dry dock and on board visitors can view the Museum's collection of Australian Naval memorabilia. The website contains sections on both these boats, with pictures, specifications and histories of wartime service.
The informative and well-presented website of the Queensland Museum in Australia provides an overview of the museum's operations, and some online exhibitions. The featured exhibitions include: 'Queensland stories', which relates the histories of some of the Pacific settlers who came to Australia to alleviate the early labour shortages; 'The Queensland House', which details the architecture, gardens, and furnishings of the several styles of housing built in the state; 'Pandora', which describes the wreck of the HMS Pandora, the ship that was sent to recover the HMS Bounty after the infamous mutiny; 'Women of the West', about the roles of pre-twentieth-century pioneering and aboriginal women in Queensland; and 'Portraits of our Elders', which consists of old photographs of Aborigines. The museum website also includes pages on the natural history of Queensland, providing information on the snakes, frogs, spiders, dinosaurs, and other dangerous animals that add to the excitement of Australian living. A section on endangered species discusses biodiversity and ecological change.
This site contains information about Quobna Ottabah Cugoano, who was kidnapped and taken into slavery during the 1750's. He worked on plantations in Granada before being brought to England, where he obtained his freedom. He wrote the first directly abolitionist publication in English by an African, which was published in 1787. Specific topics covered include an annotated bibliography of Cugoano studies; extracts from his book; other relevant pages on this site; and links to other websites.
This May 2001 article, "Re-creating a seventeenth century sea officer," appears in the National Maritime Museum's online version of the 'Journal for Maritime Research.' The author, Dr Peter Le Fevre, concentrates on the 17th century Admiralty records at the Public Record Office (now The National Archives). Unlike the 18th century, life in the Navy, especially as revealed through the Admiralty papers during this period, has been less explored by historians. Le Fevre discusses possible reasons for this neglect as well as consequent omissions of crucial primary source information in notable scholarly studies. The article includes scanned images of primary source documents from the Admiralty papers and the remainder of the article summarizes the most valuable and extensive parts of this little-used collection. The article also has links to eleven related Websites, including the British Library, the Public Record Office and the Royal Navy: Ratings' Records 1667-1923.
ReadyAyeReady.com provides information on the Canadian Navy, including an alphabetical list of 20th century ships of the Canadian Navy, Canadian Navy badges, World War Two posters, traditions, and Canadian Navy slang. ReadyAyeReady.com is not an official site of the Canadian Navy.
The major purpose of this website is to highlight the vast quantities of oral history data on the Second World War and to document their details. The collections detailed on the Web page come from servicemen and woman from various nations, evacuees, Holocaust survivors, and civilians affected by war on the Home Front. The website follows a simple design, and the collections can be browsed by either geographical area (for example, South East, Scotland, London, and the East Midlands) or by subject (for example, Bevin Boys, American Armed Forces, Dutch Resistance and so on). The website provides detailed information on the collections of many record and archive offices and will be invaluable to historians of the Second World War. The Web page aims to be continually updated as more resources are found, and catalogued, over time.
This website focuses on the history of the British Merchant Navy. The site contains: the Early Days; a history of the Merchant Navy from Elizabethan times, comprising of biographies of seamen and navigators such as Martin Frobisher, Francis Drake, and Walter Raleigh; history, stories, and photographs of the Merchant Navy; a history of the development of the sailing ship, with explanations of the different classes; and the hidden history of the Merchant Navy. The site also includes access to the Bridge, a chatroom; the Radio Room, to trace former shipmates; the latest international shipping news; links to sites of further interest; and the Notice Board for information on former training colleges and old boys' associations.
The museum is situated in Reedville, Chesapeake Bay, Virginia and is dedicated to preserving the heritage of the maritime history of the area. The collection includes artefacts and historical material covering the history of menhaden fishing from its inception to the present, models of fishing vessels, and tools used for building and maintaining the fleet. Exhibits include a history of watermen's activities from early native American practices to those used today by oystermen, pound fishermen and crabbers.
Rendez-vous with the Sea was an exhibition held at the Peabody Essex Museum, focusing on the linking of French identity to the sea, through more than 170 works of maritime art from the Musée de la Marine. The exhibition's themes are presented as: a history of the Collection; Extolling the King's Navy, concerning the official navy painters; In the Public Eye, concerning the influence of the maritime world on public life and fashion; Into the Unknown, about the navigator Jean-François de Galaup, Comte de La Pérouse, and oceanographer Jacques-Yves Cousteau; and Life Below Decks in the French Navy of the 17th and 18th Centuries.
The website "Research guide A5: Picture research at the National Maritime Museum" was produced by the National Maritime Museum as part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. It provides an introduction to picture research tools and is divided into the following sections: major sources; other useful sources; researching named vessels or vessels by type; and researching historical photographs or ship plans.
This website, part of the National Maritime Museum's Web pages, is intended to provide introductory information for those wishing to carry out their own research. The website provides information on a number of different approaches to naval history - ranging from the history of the Royal and Merchant Navies, to World War II, the Titanic disaster and flags and signs - with a range of headings to provide further details. The information provided is practical and sensible and will be of significant benefit to those starting their research.
The Residential Boat Owners' Association (RBOA) was established to protect the interests of boat dwellers in Britain. The RBOA website contains a questions and answers section, answering common questions about living on a boat; information on the work and membership of the RBOA; a boats for sale section; links to boating sites; and an account of life onboard a canal boat. The site contains advertsing.
"Return to Midway" focuses on the archaeological expedition made in May 1998 by Robert Ballard and a team from the National Geographic, to locate the US Navy aircraft carrier, USS Yorktown, which sank during the WW2 Battle of Midway on 6 June 1942. The site includes biographical information on Robert Ballard; a history of the war in the Pacific and information concerning the attack on Pearl Harbour; the role of admirals; naval aviation; maps; photographs; shipbuilding; ship drawings of the Yorktown, Hiryu, Akagi, Kaga, and Soryu; dispatches from the archaeological expedition; war diaries; video link and images of Yorktown; reminiscences of veterans; bibliography; and links to maps and other online sources.
The website "Return to Titanic" features a National Geographic multimedia presentation of the 2004 exploration of the Titanic, the famous ocean liner that sank during her maiden voyage (April 1912). The expedition by Dr Robert D. Ballard was chronicled in occasional dispatches, which have been stored on the site. They contain a few pictures taken from the various phases of the mission; more pictures are in the photo gallery, which contains over 50 annotated pictures. A section concentrates on the background of the expedition and includes a video interview with Dr Ballard. Particularly important is the discussion about the preservation of the Titanic. Dr Ballard comments on the degrading that the shipwreck has suffered in the nearly twenty years from his last visit. An interactive section benefits from Macromedia Flash animations to present an annotated picture of the ship on the seafloor. Each section of the Titanic can be illuminated by clicking on it, and a wireframe reconstruction can be superimposed. National Geographic has produced a TV documentary and a preview of it is freely available. Another section of this website offers more pictures for download, in formats suitable for use as computer wallpaper and screensaver. This website can be useful to anybody who is interested in the preservation of shipwrecks, with issues of underwater tourism referenced, or just wants to see the latest pictures of the Titanic. The higher education community may find useful the dispatches to present the organisation and instruments required in a underwater archaeology project.
The website of the Ribe Viking Museum, Denmark, provides information about their Viking exhibitions including a replica of a Viking age ship. There are also visitor details and links to related sites. The site is also available in German and Danish.
This account of Richard Henry Dana Jr's return voyage from Boston to California between 1834 and 1836, as a sailor on board the brig Pilgrim and returning on board the Alert, which led to the voyage narrative Two Years Before the Mast, appears on the website of an enthusiast. It includes a discussion of the book's importance as an account of the common sailor's wretched treatment at sea and an accurate picture of the life of seamen of that time. There is a description of the Pilgrim and biographical details of the author's life. There are also images and photographs along with quotes from the book and other sources. A list of links to further information on Richard Henry Dana Jr is also provided.
This Web site offers a history of the Cunard cruise ship, the RMS Caronia, during its active period from 1848 to 1967. The site provides detailed information on a yearly, and even daily, basis across this timespan; visitors can access online menus, schedules, virtual reconstructions of particular cruises and other scanned images of ephemera connected to the ship. Interested members of the public and teachers will particularly note the site's stories about life aboard the ship. In terms of social history, the site aims to capture the mood of a bygone era when cruise ships emerged as a symbol of luxury during a period of serious austerity in Britain. Researchers will particularly note excellent presentations of historical details found deeper in the site, such as the indexes and candid photographs of crew members. The site also features a blog; a forum; links to sites of further information; and a glossary. Interactive features include slide-shows and quizzes, as well as a movie quiz.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum, is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. This is one of three guides on RMS Titanic and it lists printed material about the ocean liner held in the Museum's Library. It is divided into works on: the ship; the sinking; the official inquiries; the wreck; the people; the companies; and miscellaneous.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum, is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. This is one of three guides on RMS Titanic and it gives the main facts about the ocean liner. It is split into three sections, looking at the ship, significant dates, and people on board her maiden voyage.
This is the website of RMS Titanic, Inc., the company responsible for salvaging the wreck of the Titanic, which sank on its maiden voyage after colliding with an iceberg in the Atlantic Ocean in 1912. The site is divided into several different sections including: the 6,000 artefacts recovered from the wreck site and their conservation; the past exhibitions; the underwater expeditions to the sunken ship; conservation; the ship and its structure; and the science used in the salvage operation. Highlights include short essays about the Titanic, including historical photographs. Registration on the site allows users and especially researchers access to far more extensive databases of photographs of salvaged artefacts. The site offers an archive of articles about the Titanic wreck. Teachers can register for a Titanic teachers' guide to access lesson materials.
There is also a corporate section that describes the salvage company itself (granted salvor-in-possession rights to the wreck of the Titanic by a United States Federal Court order in 1994), and information about forthcoming exhibitions of recovered artefacts. This is a well presented site that contains a good deal of information on all aspects of the ship and related salvage operations.
Website about the murder of Madeleine Smith 1857, includes unrelated resources such as a copy of the publication 'Robert Napier', originally printed by Dumbarton District Libraries, Scotland. For example, Napier's biography describes the career of the Scottish engineer and the development of his Clydeside shipbuilding business, as well as his part in the development of transatlantic steamships which resulted in the Cunard Steam Ship Company Ltd.
Roll of Honour is a site dedicated to the memory of soldiers recorded on numerous memorials around Britain and overseas. Records are provided within a variety of counties including: Bedfordshire; Buckinghamshire; Cambridgeshire; Hutingdonshire; Lincolnshire; Northamptonshire; and Norfolk. Other counties and overseas memorials are included but only in limited detail. They can be accessed easily from the top panel of the main page which has icons for the main regions covered by databases. The comprehensive documentation of the memorials provides photographs of the memorial; details of the men included; and their photograph if possible. The search facility enbles users to search the database for those who died in the Boer War; the First World War; and the Second World War. The site also gives general histories to these conflicts. Links to army; navy; and airforce sites are provided. News from the various counties updates users on developments and the new documentation of memorials. The site hosts a number of databases with the casualties among British soldiers and British citizens in some of the more recent military conflicts and event: Malaysia and Commonwealth Deaths 1949-1963; Korean War casualties 1950-1953; Falkland War Deaths 1982; Cypres Emergency Deaths 1955-1960; Northern Ireland deaths 1971-2000. Links to other online resources and websites are offered.
One of a series of research guides available on the National Archives website, this page focuses on records held at the Archives with reference to the Royal Air Force during the First World War. The Royal Air Force (RAF) was formed on 1 April, 1918 when the Army's Royal Flying Corps (RFC) and the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) were amalgamated. There is information here on records held concerning: RFC, RAF and RNAS officers; RAF, RFC and RNAS service before April 1918; operational records, including intelligence summaries; medals and awards; other records relating to various topics, such as the Roll of Honour for men from the USA and the Dominions who served in British forces, courts martial, crashes and casualties, and prisoners of war. Historians can pre-order collections online prior to their research visits to the National Archives.
This site contains information on the Australian Royal Navy, such as details of publications (many of which are available in PDF format); navy careers information; information on the Sea Power Centre which contains research, naval history and the publishing and administrative support sections; and links to the naval reserve and the Australian Government Department of Defence.
This is the club website of the Royal Cork Yacht Club, incorporating the Royal Munster Yacht Club, based in Crosshaven, Co. Cork. The Royal Cork Yacht Club is the oldest yacht club in the world, having been established in 1720. The club information area covers the general details of club officers and committee members, marina and dinghy park details, and includes a history of the club itself. There is an area covering the sailing activities of the club, including a racing calendar and results areas split between the cruisers and dinghies as well as the relevant entry forms. There is additional safety and class information, with appropriate external links, in this area. A brief visitor's guide has a map showing the location of the club, general information and details of the facilities available. There is a page of links and an area for club merchandise.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File looks at the first Royal dockyard at Portsmouth, and explains why the dockyards were built at Woolwich and Deptford. It looks at the Navy Board, the Master Shipwrights, and the facilities found in a dockyard, as well as the timbers used and the craftsmen involved in shipbuilding. It ends with a description of what happened to the dockyards, with a link to important dates for both Deptford and Woolwich.
The Royal Institution of Naval Architects is a well established professional institution and learned society in the field of naval architecture and marine technololgy, with an international membership over 5000 in more than 80 countries world wide, and widely represented in industry, universities and colleges, and maritime organisations. This site gives a description of the objectives and activities of RINA, details of the requirements for membership and how to apply, details of the range of technical journals, proceedings, text books and other literature published by RINA, information about the conferences, symposia, workshops and other events organised by RINA, information about services to members, and employment vacancies.
This section of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects (RINA) website contains information about their publications which relate to naval architecture and the maritime industry in general. These include journals (Naval Architect, Warship Technology, Ship & Boat International, ShipRepair & Conversion Technology, and the two annual series, Significant Ships and Significant Small Ships); conference proceedings; technical papers; books; online publications such as RINA Affairs (in PDF format) and papers for written discussion (available to registered users only). There is a facility to search the publications database.
The story of these two British Royal Mail Shipping Companies is told here; first the Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. (RMSP) founded in 1839 and then the Royal Mail Lines (RML) founded in 1932 after the demise of the former company. The text is illustrated with photographs. A separate section discusses the contribution the ships made to the world of cruising. Three captains employed on the ships during different eras relate their experiences. A list of all the ships in the companies' fleets is arranged in chronological and date order and includes gross tonnage, builder, years in the fleet, hull material and propulsion. The website is part of the Royal Mail Association, and is maintained by a former historian for Royal Mail Lines.
The Royal Marines Bands provide musical support for the Royal Navy and the Royal Marines for all occasions. Published in April, August and December, Blue Band Magazine contains news of Royal Marines Bands and Royal Naval Volunteer Bands. In addition to an overview of the Service, brief articles and subscription details, the website contains: locations of forthcoming bands performances; reunions; the Action Music brochure about life in the Royal Marines Band Service and auditions; a gallery of images; a catalogue of CDs available to purchase by mail order; and links to related sites. Using the Realplayer plugin, it is possible to listen to musical clips.
The website Royal Marines Museum introduces this museum based in Southsea, dedicated to the preservation and presentation of all aspects of Royal Marines history for the education and enjoyment of the general public. The Museum tells the story of the Corps from 1644 to the present day. Displays include information on Hannah Snell (who served as a Marine in the 1740s), all 10 Royal Marine Victoria Crosses, uniforms, an audiovisual show on the Falklands Campaign and the Royal Marines Band Service. Visitor information is included. The monthly showcase highlights an item from the museum's collections, in a PDF file with images and explanations. The online exhibition "The Liberation of Walcheren 1944" is created with the Polderhuis Museum is dedicated to D-Day and military operations around it, namely capturing the Dutch island of Walcheren. Another online exhibition available at the time of cataloguing is "The Making of the Royal Marines Commando".
The Royal Naval Aircraft Artificers website was originally created as a reunion site for Aircraft Artificers trained at HMS 'Condor' in the late 1940s and 50s. This site is particularly aimed at ex-Artificers, aviators and those interested in naval aviation. Over 1000 images of Royal Naval aircraft, ships' crashes and flight deck scenes are displayed. Visitors can see profiles of individual members, and find out about reunion events. Extracts of past Fisgard and Condor magazines can be read, and links to related websites are provided. The site is privately funded and managed.
Established by Royal Charter in 1954, the Royal Naval Association (RNA) works to preserve the Service's traditions, encourage recruiting and foster comradeship amongst those who have served or are serving in the Naval Forces. The website provides details of joining the RNA along with services offered to members. The site also contains the latest edition of the monthly circular; a list of RNA branches around the world; contacts for ship associations; and links to related sites.
This site, part of the Royal Navy's website, focuses on the history of the navy of the United Kingdom. The site includes historical periods, detailing such information as naval battles dating from 719 AD; the development of warships; Henry VIII and the Navy Royal; famous naval commanders; World Wars One and Two; and the development of nuclear power. There are also biographies of naval leaders, such as Sir Francis Drake, Captain James Cook, Viscount Horatio Nelson, and Sir John Jellicoe; and the histories of such ships as the 'Mary Rose', HMS 'Victory', HMS 'Warrior', and HMS 'Dreadnought'. Another section of the site details naval battles, such as the Spanish Armada, the Battle of Trafalgar, the Battle of Jutland, and the Falklands War. The site also contains a list of naval museums in the UK.
This website provides information about the Royal Naval Museum. Current exhibitions include: The Story of HMS 'Victory'; Trafalgar; Horatio Nelson: The Hero and the Man; The Sailing Navy; and The Royal Navy in the 20th Century. Permanent collections include artefacts (medals, uniforms, weapons, ship relics, floating craft, personal memorabilia); fine art (including Rowlandson caricatures); manuscripts; oral history (including interviews of personal experiences in war and peace of naval life in the 20th Century); photographic; and the Women's Royal Naval Service (WRNS). The website also includes links and information to education, publications, visitor information, the library, the Wolfson Research Centre, a shop and conference listings.
This site focuses on the history of the RNPS, a branch of the Royal Navy active during the Second World War. The RNPS used AS (anti-submarine) and minesweeping vessels to protect convoys during WWII. The site includes information on the association; a history of the RNPS; links to sites of further interest; a catalogue of RNPS books; a memorial to the men of the RNPS; and Museum. (This part of the site includes information on the library, and visitor details. It is advisable to contact the museum to check opening times.)
The Royal Naval Sailing Association was established in 1935 with the aim of encouraging sailing throughout the Service. Information is provided on the history and development of the Association, with details of branches and the current annual programme; as well as the offshore, windsurfing, dinghy, and cruising divisions. Further parts of the site contain information on training and Trafalgar 200.
Part of a series of Research Guides (or Information Leaflets) produced by the National Archives website, this site provides details of National Archives records of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR). The RNVR was founded in 1903. It comprised volunteers from all walks of life, except maritime tradesmen who formed the Royal Naval Reserve. Men of the RNVR served in a variety of roles, not only on ships but also as part of the Royal Naval Division (63rd Division) who fought on land. There is information about RNVR Officers' Records, RNVR Ratings' Service Records, the Fleet Air Arm Museum, the Mine Clearance Service and RNVR Divisional Records. This site would be an excellent starting point for advanced historical research. Archival information here is at the fonds level, but not the piece level. The site also provides links to other collections with Royal Navy volunteer records in the Fleet Air Arm Museum and the National Maritime Museum.
This resource gives a variety of information on the Royal Navy from the end of the 18th Century and the beginning of the 19th Century. It offers a classification of ships, from first to sixth rate, and provides a list of ships that were serving in the Navy in 1794. The site also describes various aspects of a seaman's life from this period including recruitment, work and food, and discusses ship weaponry. The site includes a bibliography and three papers on Trafalgar read to the Institute of Naval Architects in 1905 on the 100th anniversary of the Battle.
One of a series of Research Guides available on The National Archives website, these pages provide details of the records of the naval nursing services and includes a brief summary of their development and regulation from 1883 onwards, when untrained male nurses were replaced by a systematized corps of trained female nurses. The guides here will prove an excellent starting point for researchers in military, social and medical history. Records cover the following areas: nurses at the Royal Greenwich Hospital, 1704-1865; nurses' Records, 1884 onwards; and policy records. These resources can be pre-ordered from the site fairly easily; however, there is no archival information here at the file or piece level.
One of several Research Guides available on the National Archives Website, this page contains details of the professional bodies responsible for payment of naval pensions to warrant officers in the Royal Navy. Historians conducting research in this field will therefore find files here on the workings of the Navy Pay Office; the Admiralty; the Chatham Chest (later the Greenwich Chest); the Royal Greenwich Hospital; the Charity for the Payment of Pensions to Widows of Sea Officers; the Secretaries of State; and the Privy Council. There are details of collections here which span the 17th to 20th centuries, and which contain full pay and half pay records and certificates of service. Pension records consist of Superannuation Pensions, Wounds and Disability Pensions, and Widows' Pensions. There are also records of the dependents of Warrant Officers eligible for the Compassionate List and other miscellaneous pension records. Researchers can pre-order collections online, but there is no archival information here on the file or individual piece levels.
The Royal Navy Postwar website provides a history of the Royal Navy from the end of the Second World War (1939-1945) to the present day. It lists a class-by-class guide to all British warships and auxiliaries since 1945 and gives accounts of the major events the Royal Navy has participated in since World War Two such as the Cold War and the Falklands. It contains personal stories and memories, feature articles, photographs and recent news stories involving the Royal Navy.
The website 'The Royal Navy Submarine Museum' is the homepage of this museum based in Gosport, Hampshire. The Museum collections overviews the holdings in the online exhibitions; description of the five submarines held at the museum; artefacts; the photographs; and several sections dedicated to the history of British submarines and their actions during wars. The Online exhibitions include: Nasmith VC; Free a man for sea; The Jolly Roger; and D-day. There is a subsite dedicated to submarine losses from 1904 to 1971, with brief details of the ship and circumstances of sinking. The Education Services section highlights the benefits the museum has for school children at various key stages. The site gives information about news and events organised by the museum.
This website is the official site of the New Zealand Navy, and includes information relating to the current role of the New Zealand Navy (such as its fleet and organisation); history (with a timeline and an archive of decommissioned ships); naval operations, with an interactive overview of the fleet, and news of current international operations and deployment; naval ranks; medals; information about the Naval Reserve; a photo gallery, and links to sites of further interest. The site also posts an official newsletter, 'Navy Today,' which users can download in full. Researchers will find the Navy's subsite for the Navy Museum to be of interest. Museum holdings outlined here include: artworks and pictorial documents; the collection of works by Colin Wynn, who became official artist of the Royal New Zealand Navy in 1982; clothing; ephemera; instruments and technical equipment; medals, decorations and awards; mess gear and tableware; historic photos, some of which are displayed online; plans, maps and charts (with only a couple of online offerings); miscellaneous ship items; social and personal items, such as sailors' possessions, memorabilia and keepsakes; and weapons. The site also provides information for visitors and volunteers, as well as summary details on past, current and ongoing exhibitions.
This is the club website for the Royal Vancouver Yacht club, based in the Vancouver area, and the largest yacht club in western Canada. The home page has various notices relating to events within the club. There are links to several areas within this extensive site, including a site map. The club area details the committee, facilities, memberships, history and other related information, including individual pages for the various offshore stations. There are calendars with details of the events and races within the club, and details of courses run by the club. The racing area also has additional details of available crew, the classes of boats sailed and the winds and tides of the club's sailing area. The website provides an extensive list of club contacts, and of external yachting and sailing links.
This is the club website of the Royal Yacht Club of Tasmania, based in Hobart, Tasmania. The main club details area gives particulars on the classes sailed by the club, the facilities available, and radio call details as well as information on the history of the club and subscription costs. There are listings of the educational courses run by the club, with dates and costs. An event entry form is available for online submission, and there is an external link from the home page to the major club regatta of the year. A links page lists various yachting and class associations, racing websites, and other yachting-related pages.
The Russo-Japanese War Research Society is an 'online study group' interested in the land and naval wars between Russia and Japan from 1904 to 1905. Its website is divided into several sections relating to different aspects of the conflicts, from the causes and run-up to the wars to the end of the campaigns. To illustrate the campaigns there are: first-hand accounts; official reports; articles; extracts from documents; treaties; biographies of key figures; and maps and charts. There is a collection of images of ships and the people involved, some of which are available to buy, as are the second-hand books and facsimile charts in the store area. There is also a message board, as well as an opportunity to submit articles relating to the war for publication on the website. There is a page of related links. Some parts of the site are still being developed. Some of the items on the site are PDF files and require Adobe Acrobat to read them.
In the spring of 1866, the SS 'England' was bound for New York from Liverpool, England with 1202 passengers. However, an outbreak of cholera resulted in the deaths of hundreds. This site uses first hand accounts and newspaper reports from The New York Times and the London Times to describe these events. The site also has a scanned passenger list and information about the ship and her captain.
The Sailing Ships website has a database of about 770 vessels and is maintained by an enthusiast.
Established by the photographer Harry Cory Wright, Salt Water Books produce big format editions of photographs on themes of the coastline of Ireland and the British Isles. Titles currently available include: Atlantic, views of the Atlantic Ocean; Rockpool, life between the tidelines; Strand, showing the shifting sands of the Hebrides; and Flora showing the flowers of the British Coastline. Selected images and commentary from the books are available to view on the site. Various methods of ordering the books is given including online.
This site contains information on the San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park, such as events and programmes; the Visitor Center; current exhibitions; access to the Park's catalogue records and digital images; and a survey of the Park's collections. The Park contains historic vessels and the website contains information six small boats from the collection; the yawls 'Fort Ross', 'Joe Leathers', and 'Blue Pilot'; the Norwegian pram; the 'Tule Splitter', and a cod fishing dory. The Park contains a Maritime Museum and the J. Porter Shaw Library. The Museum section of the site provides information about events at the Museum and the current exhibit. There is information about the Library, which focuses on sail and steam on the West Coast and in the Pacific Basin, including details of holdings and manuscripts, such as the American President Lines Records. It is possible to take a virtual tour of the Park's current Museum exhibit, Sparks, Waves and Wizards, Communications at Sea.
The San Francisco Maritime National Park Association aims to 'bring maritime history to life for visitors to the San Francisco Bay Area.' Included on the site is information concerning the educational activities of the Association; the San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park; and the Association's WWII submarine museum and memorial, USS 'Pampanito'. This part of the site comprises a tour of the vessel; information on her history, crews, and patrols during the War in the Pacific; US submarine losses during WW2; World War Two US submarine technology such as navigation, and diving and surfacing procedures and phraseology; the Fleet Type Submarine training manual; and the vessel's preservation and restoration programmes. Visitor information is included.
The website of the Santa Barbara Maritime Museum includes links to exhibits focusing on the area in the oil and commercial diving industry; maritime, military and coast guard related history; sport-fishing; and the JASON Program. Visitor information is also included.
This is the website of the Scott Polar Research Institute (SPRI) - library, museum, research and teaching department part of the Faculty of Earth Sciences and Geography, in the School of Physical Sciences of the University of Cambridge. There are online resources and new about the acquisition of the Shackleton papers. It is the oldest research centre (established in 1922) in the world covering both the Arctic (including northern Russia) and Antarctic. It was created as a memorial to Captain Robert Falcon Scott, RN, and his four companions, who died returning from the South Pole in 1912. The library is named to honour the contribution made to polar research by Sir Ernest Shackleton and his son, Lord Shackleton. The SPRI also has archives (named The Thomas H. Manning Polar Archives), map collection, and picture library. There is visitor information as well as the opportunity to view bibliographies as well as information resources, including searchable databases and polar directories.In addition to these research facilities, of general interest is the online presentation of the SPRI picture library which houses photographs from the Arctic and Antarctic, including those of Frank Hurley, (Shackleton's photographer on the Endurance expedition), and Herbert Ponting, (official photographer with Scott's Last Expedition). There are also photographs taken by missionaries, traders, whalers and others visiting the polar regions. You can search for pictures by subject, author, place, expedition or date of publication. There are online galleries of these expeditions, and arranged by themes like: Biographical; Land transport; Penguins; People and places; and Scenery.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Scottish Emigration Database, 1923' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The database in this study seeks to identify patterns of movement from Scottish ports (including Dundee, Glasgow, Leith, Lochboisdale and Stornoway) in the first four months of 1923 using information transferred digitally from the passenger manifests of the Board of Trade's Statistical Department (BT27) held at The National Archives in Kew, London. It contains the records of 19,000 passengers and adds a unique quantitative dimension to the scholarship of the Research Institute of Irish and Scottish Studies. Tables in this database contain information about the period covered by the records, details of passengers, their port of destination (primarily the USA and Canada, but also Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and the West Indies), and origin (mainly Scotland, but also England, Ireland and Wales as well as foreign-born), and information on the different vessels or ships used. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions.
As part of a wider AHRB-funded project records were selected at ten-year intervals, these snapshots were to include the first year that full records become available (1890), the upsurge in external migration just before the First World War (1910), the resurgence of the movement after the war (1920), the nadir of the depression (1930) and the period after World War II when air travel was beginning to take over from ocean passage (1960). It was subsequently decided to add 1923 to the sample, owing to its particular significance for Scottish emigration. The source documents were passenger lists (sometimes referred to as passenger manifests) completed by the pursers of shipping companies that conveyed passengers to ports outside Europe and the Mediterranean 1890-1960.
The Scottish Fisheries Museum focuses on the history of the fishing industry on the east coast of Scotland from the earliest times to the present. The site includes images from the photographic archive, and information on the museum, the herring industry, types of fishing boats, The Reaper, a restored sailing Fifie; and the Museum Art collection from the 18th Century.
The Scottish Maritime Museum is divided between three locations; the Scottish Maritime Museum in Irvine; Clydebuilt at Braehead in Glasgow; and the Denny Ship Model Experiment Tank in Dumbarton. At Irvine, it is possible to see a reconstruction of a shipyard workers tenement flat (pre-1920). Clydebuilt focuses on the development of the area from the eighteenth century to the twenty-first century; Dumbarton contains the Denny Tank, the first commercial ship model testing tank. Boats on display at the various sites include a Puffer Spartan and a tug Garnock. The site also includes visitor information.
The website of the Scottish National War Memorial introduces the institution with the same name based in Edinburgh. Through the website, the Scottish National War Memorial commemorates over 200,000 twentieth century Scottish casualties of war. It records in the Scottish Roll of Honour the names of those killed in the First World War, Second World War, and post 1945 campaigns such as the Malayan Emergency, the Korean War, Northern Ireland, the Falklands War and the Gulf War. On the website there is an in depth history of the monument, and a virtual tour, as well as a link to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission where the names listed at the memorial can be searched. In addition to this there is a bibliography of books and articles written about the monument, information for visitors and those making enquiries and a selection of relevant links. The site is available in versions with or without frames.
Listed here are over 430 schooners arranged alphabetically and accessed by clicking on the first letter of the schooner's name. Each ship has a thumbnail image, a brief description and a link to their web page. There are also a `schooners for sale' page, other maritime links, and upcoming events. This section is part of the Sea Dragon Marine Art Studio site.
Sea History is the website of National Maritime Historical Society (NMHS), a non-profit organisation dedicated to America's seafaring heritage. The site has details of the Society's work in the fields of education, preservation of endangered historic ships, and the publication of related materials including Sea History magazine and the Sea History Gazette. Also covered on the site are NMHS merchandise available for purchase; upcoming events; a bulletin board; links to related sites; and a members only section.
This site contains information on the Sea Vision UK campaign, which aims to raise awareness of the maritime sector to ensure that everyone in the UK realises how important it is to the economy, and to generate interest in the varied range of exciting and challenging maritime careers. The site includes information on the campaign, its aims, and its partners, and is part of the National Maritime Museum's website.
SEA-GIS is a mailing list aimed at all those interested in GIS developments for coastal and marine GIS. To subscribe, send an email to LISTSERV@LISTSERV.HEANET.IE with the command SUBSCRIBE SEA-GIS.
Chartered in 1938, the Seafarers International Union represents unlicensed United States merchant mariners sailing aboard U.S.-flag vessels in the deep sea, Great Lakes and inland trades. The website includes: the history of the SIU; full text issues of the Seafarers Log journal from 2002 onwards; details of SIU halls and meetings; and an overview of legislation, with congressional email contacts and links to related sites. Information on the Paul Hall Center for Maritime Training and Education covers its history since 1967, details of Deck Department, Engine Department and Steward Department courses, and a biography of the SIU's second president, Paul Hall.
The monthly Seahorse magazine is the official magazine of the Royal Ocean Racing Club (RORC). The website includes abstracts of feature articles in the current edition, and past editions dating back to August 1995.
This website provides a history of cod fishing expeditions by English and French sailors to the shores of Newfoundland, Canada. It concentrates particularly on the fishing expedition undertaken by the crew of the Saint-André in 1754, which travelled from Honfleur to Grand Bank. The account of the voyage is based on the text of the logbook written by the ship's pilot, Jean Marin Le Roy. The site describes the preparations for such voyages, the problems faced during Atlantic crossings, and the methods of fishing and preservation employed in the mid-eighteenth century. The charts produced by Le Roy may be downloaded from the website. A bibliography is provided of the sources referred to.
The Search Station offers multimedia access to highlights from the National Maritime Museum collections and aims to overcome the problem of the Museum only being able to physically display a small number of its objects at any one time. The Search Station currently features these themed highlights: Exploration; Maritime Art; Horatio Nelson; Passengers; Sea, Stars and Time; and Trade and Empire. The Search Station currently contains over 1800 objects. Users can also access the information through an atlas, timeline or search facility. Two versions are available: a text and images only version or an enhanced Shockwave/Flash version, requiring the Shockwave plug-in.
Seatrade is a commercial company that publish maritime magazines and organise conferences, exhibitions, training and other special projects. The magazines they publish are "Seatrade", covering the global shipping market, and "Seatrade Cruise Review", about the cruise industry. Topics covered on the site include publicity about their award schemes; a chronological list of conferences; subscription details of their "Seatrends Web", an electronic newsletter; and conference speeches that can be viewed at a cost(an online order form is included in the site).
The Seaways E-mail List is aimed at shipmodelers and nautical researchers. Subjects include: tools; materials and techniques; kits; model building; and places to visit. Instructions for joining the list are included.
One of a series of research guides available on the National Archives website, this page relates to records of the War Cabinet, which operated between September 1939 to May 1945. As well as published sources, this guide lists information on: cabinet minutes and conclusions; cabinet papers or memoranda; and cabinet committees (these broadly cover either civil or military matters). Other records include: military and civil histories, which were written expressly for the cabinet's information; daily situation reports and telegrams; files of the prime minister in his capacity as minister of defence; files of the establishment section; papers collected by Edward (Lord) Bridges, who acted as secretary to the cabinet from 1938 to 1945; special secret information centre files; international correspondences, 1939-1945; documents of resident ministers abroad, 1941-1945; records of the economic section of the War Office; the survey of economic and financial plans; and the Cabinet War Rooms collection. Each of these smaller collections can be pre-ordered online prior to a visit to the National Archives. However, there is no archival information here for historians on individual files or documents.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Sheerness Naval Dockyard Study; Census Enumerators Books, 1851-1871' dataset hosted by the EConomic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data from the Census Enumerators' books for the Isle of Sheppey for the censuses of 1851, 1861 and 1871 were collected as part of a study which aimed to investigate the development of the workforce in Sheerness Naval Dockyard as an occupational community between 1820 and 1960. In addition to the census data, the study collected other documentary materials and involved oral history interviews. An associated qualitative dataset, 'The Creation and Collapse of an Occupational Community, the Case of Sheerness Naval Dockyard', is available via Qualidata at the University of Essex. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of census enumerators data was collected for all dockyard workers and included all information about the individuals (i.e. age, sex, marital status, occupation, birthplace) and most information about their household and family situations. The data is on two separate tapes. On the one known as the unlinked file there is a separate case for each dockyard worker at each census. In the linked file each case contains the details relating to an individual dockyard worker at all three censuses. Thus a dockyard worker recorded at each census would have one case associated in the linked file and three cases in the unlinked file. The unlinked file is intended to allow analysis of the dockyard in the separate census years and aggregate changes between censuses, while the linked file is intended to allow analysis of individual changes between the censuses.
Listed here are over thirty listservers sites about shellfish. For each there is a description of the subjects covered (which cover the business of rearing aquatic species, to national marine sanctuaries), and details on how to subscribe. This page is part of the National Shellfisheries Association website.
The Shetland Museum is the largest museum in Shetland and covers island life. Displays include the Ness Yoal, 'Maggie'; whalebone artefacts, a harpoon and whaling lance; models of Inuit kayaks; models and artefacts relating to the haf fishing industry; relics from the Spanish Armada; and artefacts and naval uniforms from World Wars 1 and 2.
This history trail serves as a reference for the exhibits and collections of organisations, museums and art galleries in the United Kingdom which represent Cook and his voyages of discovery. The tour begins by referring to the BBC series which recreated the voyage of the Endeavour with volunteers, historians and scientists. The tour continues with examples and images of artefacts of Cook's voyages from exhibitions and collections of various museums and galleries belonging to the National Maritime Museum, the University of Cambridge, the Pitt Rivers Museum, and the Captain Cook Birthplace Museum. The site also includes information and links to further information relating to Cook, such as museums, ships, places of interest, and transcripts of Cook's journals. The trail ends with the full contact details and visiting times of all the organisations included in the virtual tour.
SHIPDES is a subscription-based bibliographic database containing over 20,000 ship descriptions. Searching can be done by specific data such as ship's name, ship type, length, width, draught, tonnage, speed, and number of containers. The citations are from more than 200 journals as well as reports, conference proceedings and monographs. Documents referred to need to contain at least one drawing of the general arrangement of the ship to be included. The time span is from 1968 to the present. The database is compiled by the Delft University of Technology Library, Holland, and instructions for subscribing are included.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File on ships and seafarers through the ages describes the two different ways of building a ship and the first ships constructed by the Egyptians. It goes on to examine galleys, Viking longships, Medieval sailing ships, the ships of Nelson's time, and finally metal ships. Construction and navigation techniques associated with each type of vessel, together with what life was like on board ship, are also described.
The Tacoma Public Library Ships & Shipping Index contains more than 13,000 individual index records on ships built on the Pacific Coast and ships with a connection to the Pacific Northwest. The database includes the names (and former names) of vessels, their builders, careers and dispositions. The website is maintained by the Tacoma Public Library and is part of their website.
The Ships List is a vast website published by a professional historian of immigration history. The site provides a plethora of resources on British immigration to the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa throughout the eighteenth, nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Users will find passenger lists, fleet lists, ship descriptions, ship pictures, reports of ship arrivals, information on the 1847 Irish Famine immigrants, details of marriages at sea, and information on ship wrecks. There is also some excellent primary source material, with diaries and journals of voyages, immigration reports, and articles from the Illustrated London News.
This site focuses on New Zealand and Australian passenger lists, both emigrant and convict, from the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Century. (There are also some links relating to Tasmania.) The site also contains links to websites of ships' pictures and passenger lists, convicts and convict ships, and is maintained by an enthusiast.
This website, part of the British Library's Texts in Context series, makes available images selected from 14 original documents relating to shipwrecks and smuggling. The Texts in Context project aims to explore how language is used and produced in various situations over time. Shipwrecks and Smuggling documents various aspects of British coastal life from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries. It explores the relationship between the East India trade and smuggling, and the romanticisation of smugglers and their activities. Some of the sources given here illustrate the trading activities of the East India Company, and others document daily life on board the East Indiaman Halsewell. An account of the wreck of the Halsewell off the Dorset coast and a poem lamenting the death of its captain are also included. Other texts include: accounts of other shipwrecks; an examination of the economic and political consequences of smuggling; a collection of material from a legal case against a group of smugglers; discussions of nautical slang; a description of the Eidophusikon, a mechanical panorama which enacted shipwrecks; and smugglers' stories from Hastings, Folkestone and Devon. The site has an introductory page giving some contextual information. From this page, the documents can be explored in more detail. Several extracts from each text are included, and each is accompanied by a general description of the source and information about the individual extract. Transcriptions are also provided, although they contain occasional errors. The images can be enlarged, and are of high quality. This website provides an entertaining introduction to the fascination that shipwrecks and smuggling have exerted over the years, and the sources which document this. It is well-presented, and is likely to be useful to students of the subject as well as being of great general interest.
This website, designed by students from a school in Tasmania in conjunction with the Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service, is aimed at school children and teachers. It contains journal stories of shipwrecks and Antarctic exploration, which can be accessed using Adobe Acrobat. There is also information about Macquarie Island, a database of shipwrecks that occurred in the area and a bibliography of texts on the subject of Antarctic exploration and shipwrecks around Macquarie Island. Included on the site are puzzles, games and suggestions for classroom activities.
The paper draws on the National Maritime Museum's collection of records on the Sick and Hurt Board and mainly examines the efficiency and effectiveness of the Board, whether the Board was effective in promoting the health of seamen and if the health of seamen improved over time. There are links to other articles, in the Journal of Maritime Research, entitled 'James Lind and Scurvy: a Revaluation' and 'Exterminated by the Bloody Flux'. This publication is part of the Journal for Maritime Research (December 1999).
Information on the Signal Tower Museum forms part of the Museums section of the Angus Council website. The Arbroath Museum is located in the shore station and family living quarters for the Bell Rock Lighthouse, which lies 11.5 miles out from Arbroath. Displays include a reconstruction of the Auchmithie Fishing Village of 1890, and reflect the region's maritime and fishing heritage.
This site focuses on the history of the Royal Navy's F116 'Amethyst' and her ship's cat Simon, who was awarded the Dickin Medal in 1949 for his role in the Yangtse Incident. The site includes information on F116 'Amethyst's duty in the Royal Navy's South China Sea Squadron.
Simplon Postcards is devoted to postcards of passenger ships of all sizes. The site is being developed into a reference archive of web galleries, showing images of ocean liners, cruise ships, ferries and excursion vessels. The site is divided into postcards of the above mentioned categories, with subdivisions of shipping companies. Further sections include the UK Passenger Fleet of 1967 and postcard publishers.
The Sinking of the Centaur is an online exhibition published by the Australian Department of Veterans' Affairs. This site is a short online exhibition documenting the sinking of the Centaur, an Australian hospital ship, by the Japanese during the Second World War. The exhibition tells the story of the attack on the Centaur in May 1943, with accounts from survivors interspersed through the narrative, which also notes the negative significance of attacking ships that were registered with the International Red Cross. The site also provides information about Sister Ellen Savage, the only nurse to survive the attack, and a photo gallery of survivors and commemorative events.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File begins with an account of how Walter Ralegh become a courtier through his ambition and exploits. It looks at his involvement in the fight against the Spanish Armada, his expeditions, and what happened in the colony in North Carolina. It outlines Ralegh's loss of favour at court, his imprisonments in the Tower and how he spent his time, ending with his execution for treason.
This site, the Skipsregistrene (the Ship Registers) consists of the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS), the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Shipbuilding Register (a register under the NOR). The function of the Norwegian International Ship Register is to serve as a Norwegian public agency for official control of registered vessels and their ownership, and to provide legal protection for registration of rights in vessels. As well as a search function for the three registers, a service statement is also provided on NIS and NOR, with information on registration of vessels for NIS, and regulations, fees, application forms, and details of approved home ports. The 1994 Norwegian maritime code is available in full for download. Regular searches are done by ship's name; vessel information; shipyard information; and last issued registration information. Any search for extended information requires user registration at the site. There is also a link to the government's most recent maritime strategy. The site is available in English and Norwegian.
The website "Slave Movement During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century" is an online data archive concerning the Atlantic Slave Trade, published by the Data and Program Library Service at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. From the site users are able to download documentation and raw data files documenting the journeys of slave ships in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The data is suitable only for researchers familiar with statistical data manipulation and software, who will be able to analyse the data for information such as point of departure and destination, the demographic make up of the population of the slave ships, and physical information - construction, tonnage, type of vessel - about the ship itself. The available data sets cover quite a wide geographic scope, with information about the slave trade to the Americas, Havana, Rio de Janeiro, and Jamaica, and from countries like England, France, and Angola. Free user registration is required to gain access to the databases.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Slave Trade Movement between Africa and the Americas, 1817-1843' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To conduct a quantitative analysis of the slave trade from Africa to the Americas during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file or a Microsoft Excel 2000 file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of: Ship's port of arrival, date of arrival, type of vessel, tonnage, master's name, number of guns, number of crew, national flag, number of slaves, port of departure, number of days of voyage, mortality.
The website SOAS Library : Archives and Manuscripts provides an overview and practical information about this section of the School of Oriental and African Studies' Library (SOAS). The extensive holdings of one of the foremost institutions in its field, include materials relating to Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Pacific. A particular strength of the collection is the documentation of individual missionaries. There are also the papers of such luminaries as Robert Wellesley Cole, Andrew Hake, William Sewell, and A.J. Arkell. SOAS has a large collection of documents on Chinese Maritime Customs, and former members of the China Consular Service. Language and literature are also well-represented with a combination of the papers of authors, scholars and critics. There is also a regional guide to the archives and manuscripts, an oral archive collection and a guide to photographic sources. Some of the latter resources are displayed in an image gallery. Opening hours, access conditions and reprographic details and prices are available on the site, as well as directions to the library.
Part of the Société Jersiaise website, this site provides details about the books of the Jersey Merchant Seamen's Benefit Society that are located in the Société Jersiaise library. The Jersey Merchant Seamen's Benefit Society was created by the States of Jersey in 1835 when the English compulsory levy of sixpence per month from every Merchant Seaman's pay was abolished. The contribution was 71/2d. per month, beginning on July 1 1835. The ship's Master was authorised to collect the contributions by direct deduction from pay. Books contain the service of each seaman member and his contribution to the welfare fund. The names of his ships, the length of service in each, his parish of origin and age are recorded. There are also listings of pensions and allowance books. A section on future plans indicates that further work is being done to make more records available, including shipping registers. There are links and suggestions for further research.
The Society for Nautical Research focuses on research into seafaring and shipbuilding and the language and customs of the sea, and other subjects of nautical interest. The site includes information on events, conferences, courses, seminars and books of interest; the Society's journal, 'The Mariner's Mirror'; and information about the Society's Small Craft Committee.
The website contains information on the structure, purpose and mission of the Society, in addition to: membership details and member organisations; meetings; a gallery of typical ships and installations; a list of publications, with the availability to download free publications and links to related websites. Publications are available to download in PDF format, requiring access to an Adobe Acrobat Reader to view.
The Society of International Gas Tanker and Terminal Operators (SIGTTO) is a non-profit making company formed to promote high operating standards and best practices in gas tankers and terminals throughout the world. A non-Flash version of the site is also available.
The Society of U.S. Naval Flight Surgeons (SUSNFS) was founded in 1976 to advance the science, art, and practice of Aerospace Medicine and the mission of the United States Navy. The website discusses flight surgery, aerospace medicine and aviation safety, and includes links to information on membership, awards, and officers. The quarterly journal of the society, 'Contact' is available on the site in PDF, with the full archive up to 2007 readable online. Parts of the site, as well as the latest four years of the journal are only available to SUSNFS members.
One of a series of Research Guides available on the National Archives website, this page includes information on resources held by the Archives that can be used to study and trace individual convicts who were: in government gaols; kept on prison ships called 'hulks'; transported to the North American colonies during the 18th and first half of the 19th centuries; transported to Australia in the 18th and 19th centuries. The site briefly explains the history of treatment of convicts under these circumstances and elaborates on how resources are arranged with reference to: medical journals; bankruptcy proceedings; convict prison hulks: registers and letter books; correspondence of settlers and convicts in New South Wales and Tasmania: Records; records of the Old Bailey; convict registers and convict transportation registers kept by the Home Office and various counties; judges' reports; police reports; bound police journals; the Newgate Prison calendar; remissions and pardons; prison graves; mental patients' files; records of other significant government prisons, such as the Fleet Prison, the King's Bench Prison and the Queen's Prison; Treasury reports on hulks and convict colonies, as well as prison reform; and the Jacobite rebellion of 1745. Historians should find this to be a valuable resource, and can pre-order collections online ahead of their visit to the National Archives.
The South Atlantic Medal Association (SAMA82) was formed in Britain after the Falklands War of 1982, to maintain contact between veterans of the conflict as well as those who were awarded the South Atlantic Medal. The site includes information about the Association, its history and membership, news and events, contact information for regional branches of SAMA, an online garden of remembrance, a history of the conflict and support pages.
Located in Port Adelaide, the South Australian Maritime Museum is managed by the History Trust of South Australia. Exhibitions include the Australian navy and South Australia; immigration; port life and genealogy: whilst the collections focus on figureheads, migration, and passengers, amongst other themes. The site also gives details about the vessels which are floating exhibits at the museum. Visitor information is included, as well as for the Port Adelaide lighthouse.
The South West Maritime History Society, which was founded in 1984, aims to encourage interest in all aspects of our maritime history and to promote research in these fields. The site contains articles, book reviews, has a forum for discussion and lists forthcoming events. In order to receive the newsletter, as well as full access to the articles and reviews on the site, it is necessary to subscribe, and subscription and membership details are given.
This site, South-pole.com, is devoted to the study of the exploration of Antarctica. Of particular interest for historians in this field is the Antarctic philatelic thrust of the site. The site's creator, Gary Pierson, is an avid stamp enthusiast, and he comes to the history of this topic from this viewpoint. But this perspective is an unusual one, and should therefore prove even more interesting for both researchers and teachers. Moreover, Pierson's discussion of letters and stamps is interwoven with purely historic commentary on expeditions going back to the 16th century. Site essays offer short biographies of explorers, and descriptions and maps of Antarctic islands and archipelagoes. A series of drop-down menus from the top of the site make navigation unusually clear and simple.
Part of the Southampton City Council website, these pages provide details of city's archives. Archival holdings include Admiralty Court records for 1488-1827, crew lists for merchant ships for 1863-1913, and the Isherwood collection of ships' drawings. Contact details and visitor information are provided.
This page describes the Maritime Collection of Southampton Library, which includes ship registers, periodicals, ship photographs; resources such as maritime directories and nautical almanacs; and the Titanic collection.
This Fact File from the National Maritime Museum concerns the Spanish fleet - the largest ever seen in Europe at the time and considered invincible by Philip II of Spain - and begins by examining the reasons behind the campaign. It outlines how Sir Francis Drake enraged King Philip, how the Armada campaign began, England's use of fireships, and details of the Armada's commander, the Duke of Medina Sidonia.
This website focuses on the role and actions of the United States Navy during the Spanish-American War, 1895 to 1902. The website includes information on the US and Spanish navies, medicine in the war, the war in Cuba, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico; prisoners of war, and unit profiles, rosters and photos.
This page is part of the Kingston Upon Hull City Council website. Built in 1927, the 'Spurn' served for 48 years as a navigation aid in the approaches to the river Humber. The lightship now contains information on how the crew lived and worked, the role of the lightship, and the work of the Humber Conservancy Board. Visitor information is included.
Part of the Imperial War Museum's website, this online exhibition focuses on the story of the attack during the Second World War on the British merchant ship SS 'Anglo Saxon' by the German armed merchant raider 'Widder', and the subsequent voyage and fate of seven survivors in SS 'Anglo Saxon's jollyboat.
The website 'SS Canberra' focuses on the history of the ship SS Canberra. Originally a P&O liner and cruise ship, the Canberra took emigrants to Australia and in 1982 transported British troops during the Falklands War. The site includes information on the construction and launch; a forum for former crew members; an archive of plans and diagrams and downloads of sounds and films; galleries of images; and links to sites of further interest.
Based in Southampton, the S.S. Shieldhall is the largest operational preserved steamship in Europe. A series of photographs provide a tour of the steamship, looking at the bridge and steering, the boilers, the engine room, the anchors and winches, views from around the ship, and finally the saloon. Details of joining the Society or chartering the S.S. Shieldhall are also given.
St Barbe Museum, Lymington preserves the heritage and culture of the parishes in the coastal strip between the New Forest and The Solent. The site provides information on the galleries, which include the 'Sea to Land' gallery, an exhibition programme and visitor details. There are also links to articles on British maritime painting, that include 'Marine Painting in Britain in the 18th Century,' and 'Charles Brooking (1723 - 1759) - A Short Biography.'
The St Nazaire Society website provides extensive information about Operation Chariot, the raid by British Commando and Naval forces on the dry dock at St Nazaire, France, in March 1942. It clearly explains and illustrates the background to this Second World War raid: the need to prevent the German battleship Turpitz from using the enormous dry dock built at St Nazaire for the liner Normandie. Extensive details of the British ships and forces which took part are provided, including a roll of honour of the many dead and the five Victoria Crosses awarded. This free and attractive website makes good use of photographs, film clips and sound recordings. Full membership of the St Nazaire Society is only available to the survivors of the 1942 raid.
The State Archives in Rijeka are a regional branch of the Croatian National Archives. The region covered by the archives include Kvarner, Gorski Kotar, and Istria, but the chequered history of the area is reflected in the holdings. The territorial remit of the archives have been varied particularly over the last century or so. The site is in Croatian and English and provides the usual information about access, opening hours and the location of the archives. It also had the guides to the archives and the collections, although the catalogues are available only in Croatian;. The oldest document dates from 1201 and there are 740 archival collections, including charters from 1201, registers of births, marriages, and deaths from 1560; and city statutes from 1423. An excellent site for those researching Croatian, Hungarian, German, and Yugoslav history.
Established since 1971, the Steam Boat Association to promote the enjoyment of steamboats and to represent the interests of steamboat owners. It is a member of the European Steam Boat Federation. The web site gives details about membership and the services that the SBA offer. A programme of forthcoming regional, national and European events is provided. Details of the association's latest publications are provided including both books and CD-ROMs and 'Funnel' their members magazine.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File describes the movement from sail to the steam for propelling ships, and outlines when the first steamships appeared in Britain. It looks at the first merchant services to use steamships, their development and production in Glasgow and the North-East of England. The Fact File describes the part played by steam in the Royal Navy, the effects steamships had on sailors' lives, and their use over the long distance routes.
The SS Explorer is the last sea-going steam trawler and is currently being restored in Scotland. The site includes information on how to join the Preservation Society, how to help with the restoration of the trawler, news and events, times of guided tour and links to related websites.
This site focuses on the Portwey, a twin screw, coal fired steam tug built in 1927, and provides a history of the vessel and information about the Steam Tug Portwey Trust, a registered charity which was set up in June 2000. The tug is permanently moored at the West India Dock in London. The site provides short essays on the history of the tugboat and includes an online photo gallery. Relevant links will interest teachers who can profitably use this site as a starting point for instruction on the history of steamer tugs. Visitors are asked to book in advance. Also included on the site is an article about the tug, photographs, and some short video extracts.
The Steamship Historical Society (SSHSA) is an organisation dedicated to preserving artefacts and memories from the steamship days of the past. Their mission is to make available steamship information and to encourage conservation efforts. The society initiates and supports preservation movements; exchanges research information; and generates funds for a library operation, for art work restoration and safekeeping, and for exhibits. The society publishes quarterly the journal 'Steamship Bill' which is dedicated to steamship history. The site includes membership details; current news (and prior press releases since January 1st, 1998); a message board where users can communicate with other steamship enthusiasts; links to ship preservation movements, and an online 'ship's store'. There is also a link to the SSHSA's collection at the University of Baltimore.
Strandingsmuseum St. George is a Danish maritime museum, focussing on life on the west coast of Jutland, and artefacts from shipwrecks, including that of two 19th Century Royal Navy ships, HMS 'St. George' and HMS 'Defence'. The site comprises information on the museum, such as its collections and visitor information; the wreck of HMS 'St. George', including a map, a history of the shipwreck, wreck salvage and exploration, and a bibliography; and the Centre of Marine Archaeology, containing an alphabetical listing of the positions of approximately 1,000 wrecks in the North Sea. The website is available in English, Danish, and German.
In December 1942, the passenger ship S.S. Strathallan was torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean by the U-boat U-562. This site tells the story of the Strathallan, providing the history behind the attack, as well as survivors' accounts, photos, a video and information about the U-boat. The site also provides information on 'Operation Torch', the allied invasion of North Africa, in which the S.S. Strathallan was involved. Included also are the Official Report to the Admiralty by the ship's master on the torpedoing of Strathallan, and extracts from the U562 Commander's log book.
This is an e-mail discussion list concerned with underwater archaeology. Information is provided on subscribing to the email discussion list. The site also contains links to the SubArch Archives at Arizona State University, which are grouped by month and sorted by thread. It is possible to search the archives. The site contains advertising.
This website focuses on the history of the submarine starting with the first description of a submarine in 1580. The information has been extracted from the book 'The Navy Times Book of Submarines'.
Sultana Projects is a non-profit organisation based in Chestertown, Maryland. Founded in 1997, the project's mission is to provide unique, hands-on educational experiences in colonial history and environmental science. The principal classroom for the project is a full-scale reproduction of the 1768 colonial schooner Sultana. The ship was one of the earliest examples of schooner building in North America and was the smallest schooner ever to be registered on the Royal Navy Lists. The website has a section dedicated to the ship's history, with muster book information and research papers. Also included is information about the schooner's sailing schedule, curriculum aids and a ship's tour.
The site Sunderland Maritime Heritage provides information on the association which was formed in 2000 with the aim of bringing the historic sailing ship the City of Adelaide back to the river Wear where she was built. Their scope expanded in the meantime and the site offers information on several historic ships connected to Sunderland (although all the internal links were broken at the time of review); the port; and the shipyards. The featured ship at the time of review was HMS Venerable, with a short history of its building and participation in naval battles at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th centuries. The site is quite clumsy in presentation since it is maintained by volunteer enthusiasts, but is can present interest in the naval history of Britian and the preservation of this maritime heritage on a local level.
This site was created in order to help state the case for the preservation, maintenance and interpretation of SV May Queen. SV May Queen is Australia's oldest sail trading vessel, a ketch built in 1867, and now moored in Hobart Tasmania, Australia. The site details her travels, trading routes, cargo and the characteristic design features of a ketch. The preservation project now being undertaken for SV May Queen is outlined. There is a gallery of photographs of work being undertaken, which includes panorama shots. Links to other web sites related to Tasmania and its history are included.
Founded in 1965 in order to preserve Sydney's 1902 VIP steam launch Lady Hopetoun, the Sydney Heritage Fleet is a non-profit organisation and museum, which aims to preserve the maritime heritage of Australia, and Sydney in particular. The vessels of the fleet are maintained by volunteers and include the 1874 iron barque James Craig, the 1902 steam tug Waratah, the 1902 VIP steam launch Lady Hopetoun and the 1903 Edwardian schooner Boomerang. The museum also houses maritime artefacts, models, a library, a collection of marine engines and a number of small heritage boats. It publishes a quarterly magazine, Australian Sea Heritage. The website contains information about each of the vessels in the fleet, vessels which are currently being restored, and details of how to become a member.
The website "TAMH: Tayside A Maritime History" is an online museum documenting the history of east coast Scotland. Published by website designers DMC, it documents the maritime history of Tayside, providing a wealth of primary, secondary and reference resources to users. The site contains a great deal of information, all of which is searchable. Amongst the topics covered are the flax industry, mariners and voyages, and relations with other ports. It is also possible to search for short articles and digitised artifacts online, or take a guided online tour on a topic. These include guides to the herring industry in Arbroath, early Dundee, fisher culture, and the Arbroath lifeboat disaster. Other content available includes research papers and interactive maps. Options for personalising the use of the site are offered for those interested to register.
This site contains information on the Teignmouth and Shaldon Museum. The museum includes displays of information relating to maritime, boat builders, and bathing machines. There is also information about the historical society, and visitor information.
The mission of the Texas Maritime Museum, Rockport, is to excite and educate the public about Texas maritime history and artifacts. The Texas Maritime Museum is part of the La Salle Odyssey (the story of Robert La Salle's French expedition to Texas in 1684), a coalition of eight institutions (seven museums and a half scale model of the Belle), located in six counties. The Texas Maritime Museum is the first museum of the coalition to open their exhibit. The site provides information on the Museum's collections and exhibits, has a news page, and gives details of membership.
The Thames Sailing Barge Home Page focuses on the sailing barges of the East Coast of England. The site has information on active barges, including images and ships' histories for individual vessels. Contact details for individual barges are available. There are links to Barge Charters, and information on obtaining help in creating model barges, as well as a Notice-Board, a Bibliography, FAQs, and links to sites of further interest.
The Thames Ship Society, founded in 1962, is a club for shipping enthusiasts and arranges visits and tours to ports and other places of maritime interest. It is particularly for those who wish to take pictures of shipping. The website details forthcoming trips with the society for this year and also includes a review of all of last year's trips, with pictures of the ships involved.
The website 'TheShipsList' is intended to help those seeking the details of their ancestors' ships by providing passenger records; contemporary immigration reports; newspaper records; ship wreck information; ship pictures; &c. The site includes information on passenger lists (1700 - 1900); fleets list; ship descriptions; ship pictures; ship rigging; ship arrivals; marriage at sea; emigration to North America in 1847; ship wrecks; events of 1862; resource links; diaries and journals; immigration reports; the Illustrated London News; and FAQs. The site is maintained by enthusiasts. Unlike with some genealogy sites, this Web page holds the databases and lists on its own site.
They drew fire focuses on the American 'combat artists' of World War II. More than 100 servicemen and civilians served, depicting the war as they experienced it with their paintbrushes and pens. Their stories have never been told, and for fifty years their artwork, consisting of more than 12,000 pieces has been largely forgotten. This website is a companion to the PBS documentary They Drew Fire which originally aired in America, May 2000. The site also provides a page of resources, including artist biographies and addresses of museums where the art is kept. This includes information on the World War II Combat Art Program; the Marine Corps Combat Correspondent Program; and the Navy Art Program; with links to the Marine Corps Museum and US Navy Art Gallery and other armed forces art programmes and museums.
The Third International Conference on the Technical Aspects of the Preservation of Historic Vessels convened in San Francisco, California, USA, in April 1997. The aims of the conference were to discuss technical issues, and to establish a network of communication. Topics included: wood and steel hulls, cathodic protection systems, material sources, interpretation and educational programs, traditional rigging techniques, coating systems, storing and disposal of hazardous materials, and special problems associated with operational ships and those in dry berths. The site includes papers listed by schedule and author, and the US Secretary of Interior's Standards for Historic Vessel Preservation Projects.
Through Mighty Seas is a website dealing with the maritime history of the merchant sailing ships of the North West of England and the Isle of Man, from the eighteenth century until the First World War. The site is authored by a maritime historian, and features the histories of more than 700 ships, indexed by region. Alongside the individual ship histories there is information on shipbuilders, shipyards, lifeboats, sea captains, and shipping lines. The site includes pierhead painters, and biographies of sea captains in Barrow and Ulverston. Also available on the site are more than 80 historic photographs, transcribed primary source material, articles on merchant ships, web links and a bibliography.
The extracts are from an article printed in the Illustrated London News in 1850 which provides an account of the procedure of emigration from the port of Liverpool to the New World and the Colonies. The extracts include a table showing the progressive increase in the numbers of British emigrants between 1825 and 1850, details of medical inspections, embarkation, life on board the ships before their departure, departure itself, the search for stowaways and roll-call. The article is part of GEN UKI, a database focusing on the genealogy of UK and Ireland.
This Fact File from the National Maritime Museum focuses on ocean tides, a result of the pull of the Moon and the Sun, and looks at what determines the height of the tide. The leaflet also describes other instances of the effects of tidal forces, such as the satellites of other planets and Black Holes.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File on the Titanic tells why the ocean liner was built, and looks at her accommodation and describes why she was called 'unsinkable'. It covers the route taken, what happened on the night of Sunday 14th April and how the wreck was found. A selection of images are included.
The 'Titanic: a special exhibit from Encyclopaedia Britannica' website presents a brief history of the 'Titanic', from its design through to events following the disaster is provided. There is a link to enter the exhibit, which contains information, with accompanying photographs, about the vessel, its construction, and on board facilities (particularly those for first class passengers). The website also has information on the Titanic's passengers; shipowner (J.P. Morgan); the Captain (E.J Smith); Mr Thomas Andrews; and crew members. Some of the artefacts discovered in the wreck, such as the ship's compass and the pedestal for the ship's wheel, and diagrams of the sinking of the vessel are also discussed on the Web pages. The site contains links to related websites and suggestions for further reading.
One of a series of research guides available on the National Archives website, this page contains information on documents relating to the Titanic, the famous steamer which sank in the North Atlantic on 15 April 1912. Many of these are available on microfilm, though it is recommended that researchers use the National Archives' CD-ROM on the subject, which includes the full text of the British and American Commissions of Enquiry, as well as the National Archives' index of the names of passengers. Other sources described here include: crew lists; the Marine Department, correspondence and papers; names of surviving passengers taken aboard the SS Carpathia; the Board of Trade crew lists and agreements; a register of deceased crew; the Board of Trade, Marine Department's inquiry into the disaster; another inquiry found in the Board of Trade Establishment Division: correspondence and papers; another inquiry in the House of Commons Parliamentary Papers, 1912-1913; proposals by the Chamber of Shipping to make a film about the accident; awards to the captain and crew of the SS Carpathia; correspondence, British embassy in Washington DC; correspondence, Public Trustee office regarding the Titanic Fund; and records on compensation to families of the deceased and government records of other expenses related to the disaster. There is a link on the page to another inquiry conducted by the American Senate, which was issued on 28 May 1912. A small bibliography is also posted, along with other relevant links. Users can preorder the sources online prior to visiting the National Archives.
The Maritime Museum of the Atlantic has what is generally recognized as the world's finest collection of wooden artefacts from the Titanic. Halifax was the closest major port to the sinking. This page, part of the Museum's Research and Enquiries section, contains guides of information on the following subjects: Titanic: the Unsinkable Ship and Halifax; Titanic passenger and crew list; Titanic victims buried in Halifax; Titanic Remembered by Alan Ruffman: References and Credits; Titanic Frequently Asked Questions; and links to sites of further interest.
Established in 1963, the Titanic Historical Society (THS) is dedicated to preserving the history of RMS Titanic and the White Star Line. It claims it is the first and largest international organisation in this field, and emphasises its research contribution with its quarterly journal, the Titanic Commutator. Some summaries of articles are provided on the site and back issues can be ordered from the Society. Most articles discuss Titanic artefacts, underwater salvage efforts and related themes. The website includes visitor information for the THS private museum. Also included are details on the THS's annual conventions, notably held in 2009 aboard the retired RMS Queen Mary. The site has an online shop with a number of mementoes, recordings and videos for sale. This resource is primarily aimed at THS members or potential members, teachers, students and interested members of the public.
The Project site contains complete transcripts of both the US Senate and British Board of Trade inquiries into the sinking of the Titanic, along with the final reports. The site includes a calendar and information on the boards of inquiries, and details of the witnesses. The site contains a search engine.
This is a personal website containing articles about the Titanic such as a short background to the radio on the Titanic, about Marconi radio operators generally, and the ship's operators, John Phillips and Harold Bride, in particular. There is a description of the priorities and timetable for sending and receiving messages on board, and how messages were relayed to the Bridge of the ship or the Captain. With emphasis on the role of the radio operators of the ships involved, the author relates the events of the night of the sinking of the Titanic, what happened the next morning, and the general aftermath as it affected the radio operators. There is also information on the conduct of the operators, and the Marconi company, as regards the selling of the story to the press. The article concludes with a summary of the fates of both Phillips and Bride.
This site contains several hundred pages about the Titanic, her passengers and crew, her owners the White Star Line, and her builders Harland and Wolf. There are articles about James Cameron's film adaptation, the salvage operation and general news items relating to the Titanic.
This online exhibition, part of the Imperial War Museum site, focuses on the role of men and women from the British Empire and Commonwealth during World War II who were: involved in campaigns across Southern and Western Europe, the Mediterranean, North and East Africa, South East Asia, the Pacific, the Middle East, in the air and all the major oceans of the world, as well as working tirelessly on the home front. The exhibition is divided into the following categories: Working for Victory, War in the Air, War at Sea, War at Land, and Women at War. Notes for teachers are also included.
This page is part of the Devonmuseums.net website about Topsham Museum, Exeter. The museum's presentation on maritime history (the River Gallery, completed in 2007) has been long listed for The Art Fund Prize 2008. It features unique historic river craft, from the River Exe, Devon. Visitor information is provided for this gallery and the furnished period rooms of the house, the Sail Loft with its historical timeline of the town's general history, and memorabilia of the film star Vivien Leigh.
Traditional Navigation in the Western Pacific is an online adaptation of an article which first appeared in Expedition Magazine vol. 29 no. 3 (1987). The site is part of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology site; and focuses on the traditional navigation techniques developed and perfected by Caroline Islanders. The site includes maps of the Caroline Islands; discussions of the history of ocean voyaging in the Western Pacific; the use of 'star structure' as a compass; the teaching of navigational methods, schematic mapping, weather predictions; and a bibliography.
This website details the history of the Royal Navy training ships for boys, the first of which were the H.M.S. Implacable at Plymouth (established in 1855) and H.M.S. Illustrious at Portsmouth. The site includes many of the author's own reminiscences of life on the ships in the 1960s, in particular the disciplinary regime and use of corporal punishment. The site provides locations of naval and other training ships with dates of operation, along with historical information about some of these ships and nautical schools. An image gallery contains various old photographs of the training ships and their crews. There is also a page of links, and a couple of message boards that are well used, mostly by people exchanging memories of their experiences on board. The site is not the most prepossessing in terms of design and presentation, but it contains a reasonable amount of information and is likely to be of value to the researcher as well as to nostalgic cadets.
Transport Canada is the Canadian government department responsible for implementing most of that government's transportation policies to ensure that the (Canadian) national transportation system is safe, efficient and accessible to all its users. The website of Transport Canada Marine contains information about how the department maintains the safety and security of maritime transportation for operators and passengers of small commercial vessels, large commercial vessels and pleasure craft, and the department's role in some aspects of Canada's marine security, marine infrastructure and the transport of dangerous goods. There are also documents and links to such matters as government transportation policy, shipping regulations, port fees, and marine safety guidelines, as well as CANUTEC, the Canadian Transport Emergency Centre operated by Transport Canada to assist emergency response personnel in handling dangerous goods emergencies. Other parts of the site include FAQs, news releases, publications, programmes and statistics. The site is available in English and French.
Rose is a full-rigged replica of the British Royal Navy frigate of the same name. The original ship was built in 1757 and played an important role in American history, serving the British in the French-Indian and Revolutionary wars. The site includes a virtual tour of the ship requiring Quicktime 3.0 or 4.0 (which is available to download), frequently asked questions, the ship's history and links to nautical fiction sites. It is possible to subscribe to the Rose newsletter by email.
The website "Treasures from the deep" is published by the Western Australian Maritime Museum. It explores four expeditions undertaken by the museum to some of the most historically significant wrecks in the area, and the story behind them. The site looks at seventeenth century privateer and explorer William Dampier's ship the Roebuck; Louis and Rose de Freycinet's exploration corvette L'Uranie, wrecked in 1820; the 1841 wreck of the slave-ship James Matthews; and the flying boats attacked in Broome during the Second World War. For each wreck there is biographical information on key individuals, an in depth background to the vessel and its voyages, and information on the wrecksite. The site has interesting images but it is too bad that they cannot be zoomed in.
Constituted under a Royal Charter in 1514, Trinity House is dedicated to the safety of shipping and the welfare of seafarers. The organisation is a charitable organisation for the safety, welfare and training of mariners and relief of those in financial distress and a Deep Sea Pilotage Authority. The site gives information on the aids to navigation provided by the Corporation, including the Differential Global Positioning System (with details of DGNSS stations), support and engineering services, and the future of navigation aids. It is possible to find specifications and photographs of UK manned or automated lighthouses together with the position of light vessels, light floats, and depots using either a clickable image map or a browsable list of place names. The solar power, projecting the light and satellite technology sections contain related activities for children, with notes for teachers. The site also contains details of operational lighthouses which are open to the public and notices to Mariners.
True's Yard is all that remains of the old fishing community of the North End of King's Lynn. On their website is information about the old North End and the people who lived here, as well as information on how this fishing museum was started, and the museum today. Visitor information is provided.
This website focuses on the history of the U-47, one of the type VIIB submarines used by the German navy during World War Two. This site is an historical resource, and as such is not representative of any political persuasion or ideology. Information on the site includes the U-boat and its specifications; the Kriegsmarine or German navy, with details about rank and uniform, and patrols of the U-47; the attack on Scapa Flow by U-47; biographical information on Günther Prien, the Commander of U-47; crew lists; a discussion forum; and links to sites of further interest.
uboat.net is an extremely comprehensive Iceland-based apolitical website about the Battle of the Atlantic in the Second World War (1939-1945), with biographies of all major participants and accounts of many major convoy actions. There are lengthy articles, photographs, and illustrations of: German submarine commanders (in alphabetical order, containing brief biographical details of over 1,000 officers as well as details of commands, and in some cases, photographs); the submarine crews; their missions; their targets, including the convoys; naval actions and POWs (prisoners of war). The Boats section includes an index of 1,153 vessels, including 14 foreign submarines and uncommissioned U-boats. There is a database organising this information. There are detailed maps of the U-boat war during World War II, and also a section providing detailed information of the immense Allied force that fought the U-boat threat in the Atlantic and elsewhere. A new section for this highly interesting subject has been added - U-boat war during World War One. There are various ways to navigate the site: frequently asked questions; site map; drop down menus; what's new; and the whole site of over 12,000 pages is cross-referenced and hyperlinked by around 90,000 links - statistics are the editor's estimates. There is also: a detailed review of the development of the website since 1995; statistical analysis of the site including traffic; and biographies of the major contributors.
This website looks in detail at the history of the Italian Navy and is made available by the Ministero della Difesa [Ministry of Defence]. Information is provided on the history of the Italian Navy from its origins to recent times, focussing on various topics, such as: the navy of the Kingdom of Sardinia; the navy of Kingdom of Two Sicily; the Tuscan navy and the Papal Navy. Specific historical periods are also given special attention, including: the Battle of Lissa; the First World War; the Inter-war period; the Second World War; Italy's entry into NATO; and the crisis of the 1970s. Additionally, the site allows users to browse the contents of the three naval museums. The 'Sacrario delle bandiere' provides photographic images of naval flags, whilst the 'Museo storico navale', based in Venice, lets users follow a virtual tour of the museum's holdings. A history of the museum is given, along with opening times. There is also a link to the 'Museo tecnico navale di La Spezia' which provides detailed information on the museum's holdings and photographs of selected exhibits. Details of traditional naval customs and festivals are given, as well as those of military equipment, such as aircraft carriers, cannons, and armour. Biographies of the navy officers awarded the 'Medaglia d'oro al Valor Militare' [Gold medal for military valour] are also present. A photographic gallery offers images related to selected navy campaigns. This resource would be of use to those researching Italian history, providing an interesting look at Italy's military development.
This site provides free access to a searchable database of over 50,000 war memorials that can be found in the UK. It was created with the support of the Imperial war Museum and includes references to all wars from the 10th Century to the current day. Memorials include: crosses, commemorative plaques, cenotaphs. It is possible to search the database by keyword, place name or time span. Entries are detailed, including typically information on the physical condition of the memorial, its inscriptions, ownership, location and cost.
The Ulster Folk and Transport Museum, County Down, displays bygone crafts and Ireland's largest transport collection in both indoor and outdoor galleries. The General Transport Galleries look at the history of transport. The Titanic Exhibition is a tribute to Belfast shipbuilding, and includes a scale model of the foundering Titanic, vintage photographs, recordings, and newsreel footage. The site includes details on the Titanic Photographic Archive, and how to order photographs from this large collection.
This is the home page of World Heritage - a UNESCO programme to protect natural and cultural properties of outstanding universal value against the threat of damage. This user-friendly site gives plenty of up to date news and information on the activities of World Heritage and contains the full-text of The World Heritage Convention. The user can access short descriptions of each site, either from arranged by country, or by zooming in from a map of the world. A list of sites in danger provides added information. Reports of the World Heritage statutory meetings may be viewed or downloaded in PDF format.
In 1998, HRH The Duke of York launched an initiative to survey and examine the maritime collections of the UK. Since that time, maritime museums have held a series of meetings, in a spirit of co-operation, to discover the size and scope of the British maritime collection as a whole, and to consider the potential for coordinating collecting policies and sharing expertise. The site includes information on UKMCS, members of the UKMCS, and the Directors' and Maritime Curators' groups; and useful links.
This website, from the United States Lighthouse Society, provides access to a wealth of information on historic, and modern, lighthouses, mainly in the United States. The attractively designed website gives information on the Society, and access (with membership) to the Society's magazine (called The Keeper's Log). There are also details on the history of lighthouses, and the function in sailing and transportation. The website is useful inasmuch as it covers an interesting, and rare, topic and provides information on the general history of lighthouses in the United States.
The library collection contains approximately 165,000 books and 1,200 periodicals. Their special collections include nuclear ship Savannah archival files, sea charts, ship history files and ship registers. Internet access to the Online Catalog is still under construction.
This website publishes a series of bibliographies on the US Navy. "United States Naval History: A Bibliography" includes more than 450 titles chosen from naval historical literature. Arrangement is by historical period - from the American Revolution in 1775 to Post South East Asia in 1991 and by subject for example ships; flags and pennants; minorities and women in the navy; uniforms and insignia; and biographies. There is also a section for organisational histories. "Cruise Books of the United States Navy in World War II: A Bibliography" lists more than 700 souvenir books, or cruise books, issued during and immediately after World War II. The bibliography is divided into three sections: naval aviation unit books; naval construction battalion books; and other naval command books (such as Coast Guard Units, and Naval Medical Facilities). "Historical Manuscripts in the Navy Department Library: A Catalog" deals primarily with manuscript about U.S. naval operations and policy and include information on the outlook and activities of a number of the Navy's past leaders. This bibliography consists of documents and letters covering the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. "The Reestablishment of the Navy, 1787-1801: Historical Overview and Select Bibliography" focuses on the United States Navy in the Federalist period (1787-1801). "The Spanish-American War: Historical Overview and Select Bibliography" focuses on the Spanish-American War. The United States went to war with Spain to secure Cuban independence and end the revolutionary war that was killing thousands of Cuban civilians and damaging U.S. economic interests. The Navy played a central role in nearly every aspect of the war from logistics to diplomacy. Arrangement is by topic and includes general works; background and preparation; operations - the Pacific Theatre and the Atlantic and Caribbean Theatre; and special subjects for example, diplomatic relations, marines, naval leaders and enlisted personnel, journalists, photographers and artists, poetry and music. "United States Naval Forces in Desert Shield and Desert Storm: A Select Bibliography"; "Korean War Naval Operations: A Bibliography"; "Professional Readings in U.S. Naval History" are other titles available.
The U.S. Naval Institute Oral History Program is part of the U.S. Naval Institute, an organisation for US civilian and naval personnel focusing on naval matters. The Oral History Program was founded in 1969, and is aimed at preserving reminisces of Navy and Coast Guard personnel who have made history in the naval profession. There have also been some specialized projects involving early WAVE officers, the Polaris ballistic missile submarine program, Vietnam War prisoners of war, Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz, and the first black naval officers. The site includes links to the Naval institute and recent biographical additions to the Program. Fees are charged for obtaining transcriptions.
The U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation was founded in 1977 to preserve America's naval heritage. The site includes a Navy Log, a database of members of America's sea services; exhibits at the Education Institute, and the U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation Library which includes a Photographic Collection, line drawings and ship plans. Fees are charged for photographs.
'Universal Newsreels' is part of the Internet Archive website, and the Web pages in this section gives free access to digitised versions of over 600 selected cinema newsreels produced by Universal between 1929 and 1967. Newsreels were news films shown in cinemas at a time before the widespread ownership of televisions. Users may browse by collection or by subject / keywords. Video may be freely downloaded in OGG Video, MPEG4, or MPEG2 formats, and downloading is not restricted only to those in the U.S.A. Films seems to have been selected because they show moments of great historic interest. Of interest to British visitors may be: 'Churchill Home-Coming' (1941); 'Jungle War In Burma' (1944); 'RAF Sinks Tirpitz' (1944); 'Beaten Nazis Sign Historic Surrender' (1945), among others. The newsreels have been placed in the public domain by Universal, and thus students looking for royalty free footage to use in learning film-editing or in arts projects may find reels such as 'Chimp into Space' (1961) especially useful. The entire collection of Universal Newsreels is held at the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.
The Web page of the Centre for Maritime Historical Studies (CMHS), which is part of the Department of History at the University of Exeter, aims to promote a wider understanding of maritime history by providing information on historians working in the field and by providing access to a searchable database of available maritime archive material. The website provides information on staff, departmental seminars, conferences and, importantly, gives access to the Exeter Local Maritime Archives Project (ELMAP). The ELMAP, which is funded by the Leverhulme Trust, aims to support maritime historians by providing a single guide to the large collections of sources held in various local archives in the United Kingdom. It is possible either to search the ELMAP database by keyword or to browse by local record office. The project is an on-going one which aims, when complete, to hold over 7,000 records in its database.
This website describes the University of Glasgow's archive holdings. These comprise two collections: the University's own archives (dating to its foundation in 1451) and the Scottish Business Archive contains the University's archives relating to the history of commerce and manufacture in Scotland. These inlcude the shipping and shipbuilding industries, food and drink production, mining, transport, law, banking and publishing. Each collection is described in PDF format together with access arrangements.
This website documents the special collections held at the University of Southampton. The collection is important as the custodians of the Wellington, Mountbatton and Palmerston papers. Additionally the library holds the Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel and the Survey of Jewish Archives. Other collections of printed material include: local studies material relating to Hampshire and the Isle of Wight; Parkes Library on Jewish/Non-Jewish relations; the Moir Collection of Spanish drama; Oates Collection on slavery and Africa; Perkins Agricultural Library; Rosicrucian Collection. There are also archives and collections relating to the University’s own history. Items are accessioned into the library’s online catalogue, which is searchable from the website and some collections form the basis of other significant online databases.
This site focuses on the Unterseebootwaffe, the U-boat arm of the Kriegsmarine, the German Navy of WWII. The site includes information on U-boat officers and crews; ranks, uniforms, and medals, and submarine classes and varieties of torpedoes. The site also contains information on museums where U-boats are on display; film information; sources; and links to sites of further information. The site is maintained by an enthusiast.
This finding aid was produced by staff at the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston and was originally intended for on-site researchers at the Audrey Rushbrook Memorial Library and Archives. It is a long narrative description of archival material (with Accession Numbers) from Upper Lakes Group Incorporated and its subsidiary corporations, Upper Lakes Shipping and ULS Marbulk Limited. The finding aid describes the history of Upper Lakes Shipping, and the arrangement of the records. The manuscript subgroup comprises: Series A Fleet Operations (including ports and harbours and trip reports); Series B Ocean Shipping (which includes overseas charters); and Series C Engineering (which includes the records of two Vice Presidents of Engineering, shipbuilding and repair and maintenance). The ship plan subgroup consists of graphic material such as blueprints. The bulk of the finding aid is dedicated to a list of the Upper Lakes Shipping Fleet, with details of drawings relating to each vessel. This is a long file which may take some time to load; users may find the 'find in page' feature of many browsers useful to locate sections of interest.
This article from the National Maritime Museum's Journal for Maritime Research (December 2000) is an account of research into the history of the Marine Society, based on examination of records at the National Maritime Museum and the National Archives. The article deals with 10,000 boys and young men who went to sea mostly without any previous connection to the maritime world, in their case by volunteering for the Royal Navy during the Seven Years War through an organisation called the Marine Society.
The US Marine Corps History and Museums Division is located at the Marine Corps Historical Center, Washington Navy Yard. The Division exists to collect, record, preserve, exhibit, and disseminate the cumulative operational and institutional experience of the Marine Corps. The site includes an historical section of information on the Marines such as customs and traditions, and a guide to Who's Who in Marine Corps history; a section of Frequently Requested information, including Women in the Marines, medals, and salutes; and information on the Collections. This includes the Marine Corps Museum, a collection of weapons, maps, photographs, art, and documents; and the Marine Corps Art Collection, which displays a selection of images from a collection of over 7,000 works (dating from the 18th Century onwards).
Part of the Naval Historical Center, the Navy Museum in Washington DC provides an overview of the US Navy. Opened in 1963, it exhibits ship models, uniforms, medals, ordnance, photographs and fine art in the setting of the former Breech Mechanism Shop of the Old Naval Gun Factory. The Museum uses both permanent and temporary exhibitions to commemorate the Navy's wartime heroes and battles as well as its peacetime contributions. Users can discover information about the Museum's collections, through detailed summaries of each of the exhibitions from navigation to diving and underwater vehicles. The Educational Programs section includes a wide range of material to compliment visits and a teacher lesson plan to build and manoeuvre a submarine. The site provides a link to the Guide to US Navy Museums in the United States, which gives users a resume of and links to the 12 museums in the United States which are run by the US Navy.
The USS Arizona Monument is a memorial to the sinking of the battleship and the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The site includes information on the American stance in the Sino-Japanese conflict prior to WW2, and warfare in the Pacific. The site also includes information on the events of the attack on Pearl Harbour; the history of the USS Arizona; and a list of losses; as well as visitor information.
The Oregon Museum of Science and Industry (OMSI) is the home of the U.S. Navy's last non-nuclear submarine, the USS Blueback. After 31 years of service in the U.S. Navy throughout the Pacific Ocean, (from 1959 onwards), the Blueback is on permanent display at OMSI. The Barbel class submarine now educates the public by: displaying how a submarine works; showing how a crew of 85 can live within the 581's hull for months at a time; and serving as a memorial to eternal patrol. The website includes: information about the history of the Blueback, along with her technical specifications; how submarines dive and surface; and visitor information.
This website provides information about the USS Bowfin (SS-285) and the USS Bowfin Submarine and Museum Park including a virtual tour, specifications, pictures, an overview and history. Information on USS Bowfin includes historical information about the submarine and its weapons and technology; a crew roster; and FAQs about submarines. Information is also included on the submarine museum and park.
The USS Constitution Museum is situated next to the USS Constitution and is focused upon bringing to life the stories of those who 'authorized, built, served on and preserved' the warship. The Museum has a collection of the ship's artefacts including, logs, journals, charts, weapons, decorative arts and paintings. There is information about lectures and events run by the museum, and visitor information is included.
Inaugurated in 1990, the Vasa Museum, Stockholm, Sweden is home to the 17th century warship Vasa, lost on her maiden voyage in 1628. The site contains information on the Museum and its permanent exhibitions, as well as information on the Vasa. This includes: the disaster; the salvage operation in 1961; why the Vasa sank; life on board; technical specifications; the Vasa sculptures; and the rig. Visitor information is also included, as are news items, details of exhibitions, staff contact details and links to related sites arranged by themes such as maritime archaeology, shipwrecks and tools. Visitor information is included. The site is available in English and Swedish.
This site provides a history of the VIC 56, one of the 98 Victualling Inshore Craft built to the orders of the ministry of war transport between 1941 and 1945, which were a part of the enormous Government wartime ship-building programme. The vessel is currently moored at Trinity House Buoy Wharf on the River Thames and is open to visitors a few times each year. A history of the vessel is provided, along with photographs, both current and historic; information about the steam engine by which the boat is powered; information about other surviving VICs and a listing of all the 106 VICs built; a scanned image of the builder's plan for the VIC 56; contact details; and links to other relevant websites.
Part of the website of The National Archives, the Web page 'Victoria Cross Registers' provides information and a search facility of the Victoria Cross registers held at the Archives. Since 1856, the Victoria Cross has been Britain's premier award for gallantry, awarded to members of the armed forces. The page informs about related archival holdings and an alphabetical list of people who were awarded the Cross but are not included in the registers.
This illustrated article identifies the detail discernible in a small album (acquired by the National Maritime Museum in 1996) of official photographs of the Royal Naval Exhibition held at Chelsea, London in 1891. The article is accompanied by an image gallery of 23 photographs with brief information on each picture. The article is from the National Maritime Museum's Journal for Maritime Research (September 2001).
The Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde is Denmark's museum for ships and shipping in prehistoric and medieval times. In collaboration with several other Danish museums, the Viking Ship Museum performs maritime archaeological investigations of ancient and medieval ship finds and maritime constructions along the Danish coasts and in Danish territorial waters. The Museum also houses Five original 11th-century Viking ships, excavated from Roskilde Fjord in 1962. The website includes information on the galleries and the boat collection, which houses Viking and Nordic vessels, including the five Skuldelev ships, with information on their discovery and excavation; information on the present reconstruction of a Viking longship at the museum, and the museum's collections, publications, and newsletter. Visitor information is included. The site is available in English, Danish, French and German; some pages are available in other languages as well.
This National Maritime Museum Fact File deals with the Viking Age, examining how we know about the Vikings, and their shipbuilding and sailing techniques, looking in turn at Viking longships, warships and cargo ships. It describes what life on board was like, how they navigated and where they went, concluding with the trade goods that Vikings ships carried.
This website presents discussion on the history and current status of a steam trawler, the Viola. Built in 1906 for the Hull trawling firm Hellyers and requisitioned by the Admiralty in September 1914, the vessel was armed and spent the Great War on anti-submarine duties, firstly off Shetland and then on the east coast of England. The vessel had a number of encounters with U-boats and was probably involved in the destruction of the UB-30 and UB-115 in August and September 1918. The vessel still survives and lies at the old whaling station of Grytviken in South Georgia. The website has easy navigation options at the bottom of the page, and details the history of the trawler, along with its current status, a gallery of images, and gives information on the hopes to salvage and save the important military artefact.
This online exhibition published by the Natural History Museum is an interactive exploration of the voyage of the Endeavour in the eighteenth century. Using Flash, Quicktime, or the Cosmo VRML viewer, the exhibition uses a range of multimedia to help users engage with the material, and the history of the Endeavour expedition. The exhibition features an introduction to Cook's voyage, noting the impact it had on astronomy, botany, geography, navigation and medicine, a plan of the ship, brief biographies of Captain Cook, Joseph Banks, Sydney Parkinson and Daniel Solander, and illustrations and specimens that were gathered from around the world during the voyage.
The site "The Voyages of Joseph Price, 1829 to 1854" provides information on the voyages and career of a Victorian sea captain, in the form of autobiographical accounts of thirty-four of his voyages, as well as one on an emigrant ship and a transcript of The Passengers Act, 1852. All files are available in PDF format. The site is now archived.
Part of the Imperial War Museum Collections Online database, War at Sea focuses on: the changing nature of naval warfare in the modern era, documenting every aspect of the path from the dreadnought battleship to the nuclear submarine. Collection highlights cover the role of navies, vessels during war time, and submarines and submariners.
The War at Sea is part of the WWI site, the World War I Document Archive, which aims to cover all military aspects internationally, of the Great War. The site includes information on Communications, with details about flags and semaphore; Ships, Weapons, Tactics, with photos, shipbuilding, and ship histories; Fleet Deployment/ Fleet Lists; Battles and Campaigns; People and Personalities, and links to other sites of interest.
Part of the BBC History website, the 'War at Sea: 1914-1918' site focuses on British and German naval power during World War One. Well laid out and attractively illustrated with photos and diagrams, this is a useful study of the naval strength of Britain and Germany and the main sea battles. The first section compares Britain's initial advantage in naval power over Germany in 1914 and discusses the restraint shown on both sides. Further sections cover: the battles of Heligoland Bight, Coronel and the Falklands; the battle of Jutlan;, the U-boat threat; and the Zeebrugge raid. The leadership styles of the two commanders of the British Grand Fleet are compared and there is a final section describing how sea power played an important role in Britain's victory.
This is the website of the War Memorials Trust (formerly the Friends of War Memorials), a Registered Charity devoted to the care of war memorials of all dates and types across the UK. As well as information about the organisation, such as its patrons and officers, events and news, there is a long list of links to relevant websites. These include: veterans' organisations; archives, repositories and museums for research; links to personal websites and histories for the Anglo-Boer War, the First World War, Second World War; as well as links to resources about remembrance in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, from across the UK.
The War Times Journal (WTJ) website contains articles and archives relating to military history and military science. The site contains six main sections. The archives section contains collections of historic dispatches, memoirs and photographs. These include: the orders and dispatches of Admiral Horatio Nelson (1797-1805), Napoleon Bonaparte (1796-1815), the Duke of Wellington (1808-1815) and the American Civil War Navies (1862); the memoirs of Admiral John Rushworth Jellicoe, Marshal Suchet, and the Duke of Rovigo; eye witness accounts of the Battles of Manila Bay, Tsushima, and the Yellow Sea; and images of warships (1895-1905). Articles cover: the sinking of the Hyuga and Tone; the last voyage of the German cruiser SMS Königsberg; a summary of the Napoleonic Wars; HMS Warrior; and U-475, the 'Foxtrot' Class Submarine.
The Napoleonic Wars Series website provides access to an archive and articles of Napoleonic literature consisting of: Napoleon's correspondence; Wellington's dispatches; recollections of Marshal Macdonald; Marshal Louis Davout; letters and dispatches of Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson; Memoirs of the Duke of Rovigo; and Marshal Suchet - War in Spain. The website contains articles on the topics: The French Revolt and Empire; In the Line of Duty; Napoleonic Artillery; and the Bridges that Eble Built. It also provides links to a tactical Napoleonic warfare game, miniatures, useful books, and FAQ.
Part of the War Times Journal site, this is a collection of official documents from the American Civil War, focusing on official navy records of the Hampton Roads Battles of 8 to 9 March 1862, published in 1897. These include ironclad operations and reports of commanding officers.
Part of the War Times Articles section of the site, this focuses on the War in the Pacific of the Second World War and its effects. The site is divided into sections on: a general summary of the war, including a war events timeline for the Pacific and East Asia; the attack on Peleliu; the Pearl Harbor attacks; an interview with a marine scout on Saipan; the kamikaze suicide air attacks; the sinking of the Japanese battleship the Hygua; and an account of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. Parts of the site have animated Flash features. This would be useful teaching material.
'War, Literature and the Arts' is a full-text ejournal, published from the Department of English and Fine Arts at the United States Air Force Academy. At April 2009 there are 11 issues freely available online, with additional tables-of-contents for issues from 1989-1999. The journal offers scholary articles, poetry, fiction, personal accounts and memoirs, interviews, and reviews. Example article titles on British topics include: 'Henry V: Shakespeare's Just Warrior'; 'Ghost Imagery in the War Poems of Siegfried Sassoon'; 'Victory from Defeat: The War Office and the making of Dunkirk (Ealing Films, 1958)'; ''We Will Remember Them': The Poetic Rewritings of Lutyens' Cenotaph'; and 'Siegfried Sassoon, Fellow-traveler: Poetry, Socialism, and the British Veterans’ Movement'. The website can be searched by keyword. The journal is also available in paper form, and the website has details of back-issues and subscriptions. There are also details of the aims, editors, Editorial Board, and submissions process.
The Warships On The Web site aims to list all the world's warships and contains information and pictures of warships from the Ironclad era to the present day. The site contains the following sections: battleships and battlecruisers; aircraft carriers; cruisers; frigates; destroyers; submarines; fast attack craft and corvettes; ironclads; amphibious ships; mine warfare; and auxiliaries. Within each section, users can browse by country then class to find information such as when the ship was laid down, its fate, dimensions and armament. For most entries, an image is also included. It is possible to browse the same information by country. The articles section includes: famous sailors (Vice Admiral Sir George Tryon and Admirals of the Fleet Sir John Fisher and Sir David Beatty). There is also a section on European naval weapons. The site also includes naval mailing lists, links to related sites and a search facility. The site contains frames.
The website Wartime Memories Project: Collecting memories of The Great War and The Second World War is not an academic site, but provides a forum for ordinary people to share their memories of the Second World War. It provides an interesting insight for those with amateur or professional interests in World War Two, and is an excellent resource for bringing an individual perspective to the teaching and study of the Second World War (1939-1945) and the Great War (1914-1918). The site has two sections dedicated to each of the wars. There is a Study Center subsite in each section, aimed at children and which also reflects children's wartime experiences. One of the most helpful features of the site is the possibility of posing questions which can then be answered by other readers. It is also useful for those carrying out research on local or family history, as well as military history. The site contains sections on the following topics: an index of memories; prisoners of war; women at war; the Great War; and photographs. It also has an extensive bibliographical section.
The website "Broadside" is published by a maritime history enthusiast, and it looks at life in the British Royal Navy during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The contents are largely reference, comprised of well-written articles explaining life onboard ship during the Napoleonic Wars. Amongst the topics covered are health, pay and prize money, ships and tactics, battles, weaponry, press gangs, crime and punishment, and the Battles of the Nile and Trafalgar. Also on the site are a few transcribed primary sources, naval images, a bibliography, and useful statistics. The page has been last updated in 2005.
The Bligh Museum is a Tasmanian based privately run museum which has many historical maps, documents, paintings and other artefacts on display. Information provided includes the history of the museum, location, opening times and admission charges.
This website, from BBC Liverpool, commemorates the 60th anniversary of the Battle of the Atlantic, during the Second World War. The website presents a good deal of information on the Battle of the Atlantic, the role it played in the Second World War, personal memories of the battle, and an e-tour around, and history of, the Western Approaches building. The website contains a number of photographs and pictures, providing a lively and bright commentary to this most important of battles in World War Two. Moreover, there are various audio clips (for example, of the personal memories of the battle) which require RealPlayer to work. This resource will be a handy starting point to anyone interested in the Battle of the Atlantic, or the Second World War in general.
The maritime division of the Western Australian Museum is based in Fremantle; The Western Australian Maritime Museum provides exhibitions on Shipwrecks discovered off the Western Australian coast and Western Australia's Maritime endeavours. There are three sites: the new Maritime Museum, the Shipwreck Galleries, and the Submarine 'Ovens'. The new Museum has six themed galleries: the Indian Ocean Tin Canoe to Australia II; Fremantle and the Swan River; Hooked on Fishing; Cargoes; and Naval Defence. The Shipwreck Galleries feature: early exploration and shipwrecks as early as the 17th Century, including original timbers from the Dutch VOC ship the 'Batavia', wrecked in 1629.
The website "Western Australian Museum Department of Maritime Archaeology online databases" has made a number of databases available online. There are five databases in total: artefacts; bibliography; strangers on the shore (which contains records of all known European and Asian shipwrecks around Western Australia where survivors have had indigenous social contact); numismatics; and Western Australian shipwrecks. The last includes details of the names of the ships wrecked; date of loss; area in which the ship was wrecked; and whether the wreck has been found. The bibliographic listing gives information about 6,000 primary and secondary sources available in the museum library. Each of the databases is searchable, but they cannot currently be searched as an entire collection. All of the material relates to maritime history in Western Australia.
The Whalecraft website is an online repository of information about whaling in American history. The site is authored by a historian of whalecraft, and contains information about different aspects of whalecraft, the development of whaling implements, and the people involved in whalecraft. On the site are resources on harpoons, lances, spades, knives, swivel guns, shoulder guns, gun irons, whalecraft markings, patents, and fakes, as well as a suggested reading list and Web links. There is also a timeline of major whaling events, from the tenth to the twentieth centuries, and an overview of the process of whaling.
This website provides free online access to what is claimed to be the largest collection of White Star and Titanic memorabilia in Europe. While the website has a large number of adverts throughout, the information found under the 'Our Collections' heading will be of significant value to those interested in the Titanic, or in White Star in general. This section of the website is split into a number of headings, including but not limited to: first class; second class; third class; fixtures and fittings; RMS Titanic; RMS Olympic; HMHS Britannic; fine art; books; newspapers; and uniforms. Each of these headings has a number of images. Unfortunately, the images cannot be increased in size - which is somewhat of a limitation in a site of this nature - and the pictures themselves are quite small. Nevertheless, this is a valuable resource relating to early twentieth-century cruise-liners and passenger transport.
The Whitstable Museum and Art Gallery website promotes the town of Whitstable with its main focus on the region's coastal community and seafaring traditions. The site includes information on past and present exhibitions, fossils, oysters, diving and shipping. The Museum also hosts a collection of ship 'portraits' which capture Whitstable's trading links, as well as workshops with practising local artists. The site includes details of reference materials, a timeline of the town, local events and educational resources. The site contains visitor information.
An article by Colin White for the National Maritime Museum's Journal of Maritime Research (October 2003), providing an assessment of a collection of letters by Frances Nelson which were discovered in 2001. The letters written by Frances Nelson to Alexander Davison suggest that Frances has been unfairly represented as a cold, unfeeling woman who was to blame for the breakdown of her marriage to Lord Nelson. It appears that Frances has been wrongly judged on the basis of an unrepresentative body of information. The article includes extracts of the letters by Frances, which now form the Davison Archive, acquired by the National Maritime Museum in 2002. Information is also provided about the Nelson Letters Project, an attempt to locate and catalogue unpublished collections of Nelson letters.
This website provides the full electronic text of a history of the reign of Elizabeth I, written by William Camden at the suggestion of Lord Burghley in 1597, who gave him access to his own personal records and also to the state papers of the government. This is a detailed account of the Elizabethan period, which is examined year by year, beginning with 1558, the year of her ascension and ending with her death in the year 1603. For example, under 1588, there is an account of the defeat of the Spanish Armada. Other subjects mentioned include foreign relations, colonial expansion, and naval affairs. This can be viewed in English or Latin and appears on The Philological Museum, a website containing online Humanist texts, which is maintained by an enthusiast.
The website "William Falconer's Dictionary of the Marina the 1780 edition" is an online version of William Falconer's Universal Marine Dictionary. It is published as part of the National Library of Australia's website South Seas, which looks at the voyages and exploration in the Pacific during the eighteenth century. The dictionary was published by Falconer in 1769 and provides definitions or explanations on eighteenth-century ship construction, equipment, furniture, machinery, movements, and military operations. The dictionary has been transcribed in HTML, and can be searched by keyword, or browsed alphabetically from the table of contents. The website also features digitised images taken from the 1780 edition of the dictionary used for this online version.
This finding aid was produced by staff at the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston. The William Johnston Collection represents the personal office working papers of this senior executive officer with Canada Steamship Lines. The finding aid outlines Mr Johnston's career, the arrangement of this eclectic collection and includes accession numbers.
This website provides information regarding Dr William Loney RN, a surgeon in the British navy between 1839 and 1877. The website presents his life through documents, including three Royal Naval documents from the 19th Century; a Letter Book, Medical Journal and Ship's Log, relating to an RN surgeon. Individual commissions, warrant and letters can be viewed in close detail and include unsuccessful applications to the Admiralty. Along with these are two passports from the same period. Transcripts from two Medical Journals provide information regarding case notes and general remarks from voyages on HMS 'Hydra' and HMS 'Glasgow'. A third section provides information taken from the ships logs of over ten ships between certain years, giving details of the day to day position of the ship. Some of the voyages include maps.
Four cigar ships were designed and built between 1858-66 by the Winans family, successful railway engineers from Baltimore, Maryland. On the site is information about the development and design of the ships, a bibliography of books and articles, and a list of Winans marine patents. The site is maintained by an enthusiast.
The Wirral Archives house documents that preserve the history of this coastal borough of Liverpool, such as: files of local government bodies; poor law, workhouse, school, hospital and court records; archives of clubs, societies, organisations and individuals; solicitors' records, including title deeds; maps and plans; local newspapers, among which are copies of the 'Wallasey and Wirral Chronicle,' Dec 1888-Dec 1950; census returns, 1841-1901; cemetery records; electoral registers, 1842-1900; and Gore's Liverpool Directories 1766-1900. Online archival guides for poor law, cemetery and school records provide additional in-depth information. The Cammel Laird Archives collection contains records of the shipbuilding company of the same name, from 1848 to 1993. The company built ships for companies and navies across the world. The list includes an number of notable vessels including: the 'Confederate, a' blockade runner; the 'Alabama', one of the first screw propelled vessels; the 'Robert F Stockton'; the aircraft carrier 'Ark Royal; the HMS 'Prince of Wales'; and the ocean liner, the 'Mauretania.' There is a link to a list of vessels built by the company.
The Archives also host a local museum. The museum contains a model of the the Woodside ferry terminal from 1934; some exhibition rooms contain the oak panels from the original boardroom at Cammell Laird shipbuilders. Visitor information, fees and contact details are provided on the site. Researchers should note that microfilm readers and similar equipment must be booked prior to their visit.
The Wisconsin Marine Historical Society is dedicated to discovering, collecting, recording and preserving materials related to Great Lakes maritime history. The website includes information on artifacts such as name boards, sunken ships, steering wheels, masthead lights, and saluting canons. It also includes ship information and photos; an On-Line Enrollments database; Great Lake stories; and information on Research requests and membership.
Published by the Mariners' Museum, the website "Women and the Sea" is an online exhibition that looks at the history of women's involvement in seafaring occupations. Concerning itself broadly with women's experiences in Britain and the United States, the exhibition covers several centuries, from the eighteenth century to the present day. The chapters cover a wide range of topics, including the female role in nautical myth and superstition, life for the families of sailors, women as sailors and lighthouse keepers, women in the Navy, women's involvement in yachting and racing, and seafaring women in the twentieth century. There is a fair amount of multimedia resources, including digitised images, a timeline, and video material. In addition there are bibliographies for both adults and children, and a list of web resources.
This is the homepage of the Association of the Women's Royal Naval Service (WRNS). The WRNS were once part of the Royal Navy, before being integrated into the Royal Navy in the early 1990's. The site includes links to WRNS organisations in England, Canada, and Australia, with details on the history of the WRNS, memories, mailing lists, and information on locating former WRNS.
This site is part of Canada's SchoolNet Digital Collections Program and covers shipbuilding in the Maritimes; shipbuilding on the River John; and the life of the sailing ship 'Warrior'. The site includes information on the types of ships built; shipbuilding methods and terms; a ships' registry for the River John; and an evaluation of why shipbuilding ended on the River John.
The website, 'The World of 1898: the Spanish-American War', from the Library of Congress's Hispanic Division, brings together resources and documentation about the War, its historical context and the figures who fought in, or commented on the War. This is a hugely valuable online resource, offering much to interest the student and teacher. The site's general and country-specific chronologies (for Cuba, the Philippines, Puerto Rico and Spain) detail the events leading up to and during the War from the mid to late 19th century. Each of these countries' involvement is examined more closely by means of an overview essay, galleries of images, index of places and maps held in the Library of Congress. Biographies of notable figures (including: José Martí; Luis Muñoz Rivera; Mark Twain; and Walt Whitman) who wrote in response to the War are provided, which are cross-referenced across the whole site; extracts from some of their work is also made available. In addition to a select bibliography, references to additional relevant resources within the Library of Congress are also provided, such as the website 'The Spanish-American War in Motion Pictures'. This resource will act as an excellent introduction to students beginning work on this particular historical period, offering as it does a broad overview and useful contextualization. Researchers should also find the site a good means of accessing primary sources.
Founded in 1946, the World Ship Society (WSS) is an international organisation dedicated to maritime and naval history. The site gives a brief history of the WSS, provides a list of publications (such as the monthly 'marine news') and gives details of membership, news and events. The site also includes information on the Society's library and archives, provides a list of related websites and offers links to website translation programs so that the site may be read in other languages.
With offices in London, England and Falls Church, Virginia, the World Ship Trust works to advance the education of the public by the preservation and display of historic ships and associated artifacts. The website contains information on the work of the World Ship Trust - which includes the compilation of the International Register of Historic Ships - along with an outline of the Trust's officers and administration. In addition to awards for individual achievement, the site contains details of the International Maritime Heritage Award.
Darren Milford, a naval enthusiast, publishes this website on the naval battles of the First World War. The site provides a straight military history of naval combat during World War One, concentrating primarily on the surface warship warfare between Germany and Britain. Amongst the events covered are the Battles of Jutland, Dogger Bank, Heligoland Bight, Coronel and the Falklands, and the scuttling of the German fleet at Scapa Flow. Users can find information about World War One Warships, with lists of ships and their classes, as well as information on individual ones like HMS Aboukir and HMS Audacious. There is also a chronological list of warship losses during the war.
This site focuses on information covering the men and ships from navies involved in the conflicts of World War Two. This includes the stories of individuals on their ships, of famous sea actions and many related photographs. The site also provides a list of ships supported by descriptions, plans and photographs.
This site, which is run by the Great War Primary Document Archive, contains a large archive of primary documents relating to the First World War and its immediate aftermath, compiled by members of the World War I Military History List. The documents are indexed under the subject headings of 'Conventions, Treaties, and Official Papers', 'Memorials, Personal Reminiscences' and 'Documents by Year', the latter category containing, in chronological order, those documents which do not fall under either of the other two. In addition, the site contains a large number of related secondary articles, written by members of the group, listed under such headings as 'a WWI Biographical Dictionary', 'The Maritime War' and 'The Medical Front'. The site also contains an image archive, a long and annotated list of links to related websites, and a set of postings recommending reading for various different topics related to the Great War. A mirror of this website is offered by the University of Oxford - linked to from the Brigham Young site.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum (NMM), is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. It provides an introduction to the official record of Operation Dynamo, the mass evacuation of British troops from France in 1940. The List, compiled by Lt. Col. G P Orde, gives an account of every vessel that took part.
Part of the UK's National Archives website, this page provides information on World War Two medals issued to merchant seamen. This navy comprised the commercial trading ships and crews which were comandeered by the Ministry of Shipping on the outbreak of war. The site describes archival collections BT 395, an index of records of World War Two medals claimed and issued to merchant seamen from 1946 to 2002. The time frame of awards is due to the fact that awards were not issued automatically, but rather on the basis of a formal claim made by a veteran seaman. Entries in BT 395 give details of the seaman's name and the medals, ribbons and clasps issued, together with a reference to the medal papers file, held at the Registry of Shipping and Seamen (RSS). Information is also provided on the eight medals that were awarded to British merchant seaman during the Second World War; these were: the War Medal; the Atlantic Star; the 1939-1945 Star; the Africa Star; the Pacific Star; the Burma Star; the France and Germany Star; and the Italy Star. The site also advises researchers on how to interpret a BT 395 record, and provides some Adobe PDF images of actual documents to this end. Family historians can search awards of World War Two medals by surname in a special search engine on the site. Some bibliographical details and external and internal links are also posted to help users with further research.
This site contains a collection of primary source documents and links from official sources on World War II. The site includes the British Blue Book, the French Yellow Book, treaties, declarations of war, speeches, surrender documents, congressional hearing reports, and documents from the archives of the German Foreign Office. Links on the site comprise a chronology of events, 1938 to 1941; monographs on Japan's role in WWII; major conferences of World War II; Pearl Harbour Attack Hearings; and the United States Navy in WWII.
Part of the BBC History World Wars website, Voices of D-Day contains audio recordings of eight people who experienced D-Day first-hand, on 6 June 1944. Experience one of the most momentous operations of World War Two through the words of British and American soldiers who led the assaults, a French Resistance fighter who spied from behind the lines and the German defender who celebrated his 18th birthday on D-Day. Real Player is required to hear the recordings, but transcripts are also available.
The Yavari Project, Peru, aims to preserve the history of the ships Yavari and Yapura. The ships were built in kit form, with no piece weighing more than 3 ½ cwts, in England in 1861. They were shipped by the Mayola to Lake Titicaca and assembled in 1862. They provided the opportunity to trade Peruvian copper, silver, minerals and wool and timber and riches of the rainforest from Bolivia with manufactured goods from Europe. The website outlines the history of the ships and the Lake Titicaca region, provides details of the restoration plan, the crew, volunteers, and publicity and sponsors.
'Yokohama Boomtown : foreigners in treaty-port Japan, 1859-1872' is an online exhibition, published by MIT in 2005 in collaboration with the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery at the Smithsonian, and part of the Institute's 'Visualising Cultures' initiative. The exhibition focuses on the visual representations that provided a "window on the imagined life of foreigners in Japan at the dawn of the modern era". The core exhibit is an extensive and profusely illustrated essay by John W. Dower, which has the same title as the website. Also available is a large online gallery "Boomtown, the story: the new treaty port", and a gallery 'Sadahide The Observer: Yokohama Harbour', which follows "the birth and growth of the treaty-port city through the eyes of this artist who was on the scene at the time". There is a Flash Shockwave presentation that shows the 35 steps involved in the making of a woodblock print. There is a full database of images, searchable by keyword, title and medium.
The Yorkshire Air Museum is a memorial to the Allied air and ground crews who served in Yorkshire during World War II. The website gives brief information on the displays, which include the Blackburn Buccaneer, designed as an attack aircraft for the Royal Navy, and the Westland-Sikorski WS51 Dragonfly, mainly used for rescue work with aircraft carriers. The site also includes visitor information, news, upcoming events and links to other aviation sites.
This website offers a guide to the extensive special collections and archives at the University of Strathclyde. Despite their notable focus on Glasgow, these collections cover a wide spectrum of social, economic, political and military history, as well as literature, the built environment, notable Scottish institutions and individuals. Each collection is described, and titles in the catalogue are listed. Details are also provided about access arrangements.