This growing new resource provides an online database of archival resources for the study of twentieth century international history which are held at Oxford University. The database is browsable by alphabetical listing, category; region; chronology or timespan; and location in Oxford. Several of these headings are broken down into sub-topics, so that categories, for example, are searchable by individuals; national institutions and organisations; international organisations; major events; international economic policy; wars; empire and colonies; and non-state organisations. Each individual collection entry provides a description of the collection, its location, and a relevant archival Web link. Scholars with an interest in British imperial history in Africa and Asia, Middle Eastern history and European studies will find this site to be particularly helpful as an initial guide to locating Oxford's wealth of twentieth century resources in these fields.
Al-Qanṭara is a scholarly journal devoted to research on classical Islamic civilization to the 17th century, with a focus on Andalusia and Western Islam. It is published in an annual volume divided into two issues. The website provides full-text access to articles published in the journal six months after publication, starting with issues from 2006. The articles are accessible through tables of contents or a search function. The journal publishes in Spanish, English and French, and all abstracts are available in Spanish and English. The site will be of interest to historians of Islam looking for quality peer-reviewed publications.
Annales islamologiques is a journal published by the Institut français d'archéologie orientale du Caire. It is devoted to research on Arab and Islamic civilization, primarily in Egypt. The website makes available full-text PDF versions of all issues of the journal from 1954 to 1996, many of which are out of print or difficult to find. Tables of contents are provided for more recent issues. Articles are accessible through tables of contents for each issue or for the entire collection, and a full-text search function is also available. The website and most articles are in French, though some articles are in English or Arabic. The site will be of interest to researchers in Middle Eastern history and Islamic Studies.
The "Arabic Papyrology Database" website republishes in digital format all published Arabic documents on papyrus, parchment and paper from the seventh up the sixteenth century AD. At the time of review, over 400 documents were available out of about 2,000 expected at the end of the project. All documents can be searched or browsed; full instructions on the technical requirements (such as the Firefox browser) are summarised in one page. All documents are divided by line: either colour photographs or typed text are available for each line. The database can be particularly useful for Islamic studies and when complete it will be a wonderful reference tool.
The Caravane Maritime site is connected with the AHRC-funded project workshop on the Caravane Maritime and its protagonists in the early modern Mediterranean, which took place at the University of Exeter in December 2007. Carvane maritime was the term designating the use of Western European, or Christian, shipping to carry Muslim goods and passengers around the Mediterranean. The ships used, therefore, can include inter-port carrying of trade by English, French, Dutch, Italian or Greek merchant vessels. The website contains details on the workshop itself, abstracts of the papers discussed, and research material bibliographies. There is also discussion of primary evidence and audio clips from the workshop that can be freely accessed.
This website describes itself as "the first world wide web initiative to create and develop a complete portal to Moroccan Sufism". Many websites that deal with the subject of Moroccan Sufism do so in French, and this is one of the first to do so in English. The author of the website himself is a descendant and devotee of famous Sufi shaykhs of this region, and this website is therefore mainly aimed at people with a personal interest in Sufism. However, the information given here about the various scholars, saints and shariffs (descendents of the Prophet Muhammad) of Morocco is extensive, and would still be of great use for the researcher. Biographies of important figures come with pictures of their tombs and long translations of passages from their works. The 'Hagiography Bank' section also proves quite useful, as one can find such figures listed according to date, place or tariqa (Sufi order) affiliation. In addition to this, newcomers to the subject can also find more general articles on the various aspects of Moroccan Islam and Sufism. For those interested in discussion with fellow admirers or researchers, a forum is available on the website.
The website of Dr. Youssef Ziedan, Director of the Manuscripts Center and Manuscripts Museum at the Bibliotheca Alexandrina in Alexandria, Egypt, provides a wealth of information on Arab and Islamic heritage and manuscripts. It covers Arab and Islamic heritage in general through a series of themed articles and manuscript reproductions, and also provides information on specific collections of manuscripts. The site is available in English and Arabic, though some of the articles are only available in Arabic.
Arab and Islamic heritage are introduced through brief articles on different themes, including: preambles in manuscripts; laughter; cities of Islam; love; and luminaries of Islam. The site also includes audio files of Arabic poetry and prose, and video files of lectures on Arab and Islamic heritage. For those interested in Arabic and Islamic manuscripts, the site provides facsimilies of over 50 rare and mostly unpublished manuscripts. The Catalogs section of the site also gives detailed information on six collections of manuscripts in northern Egypt, along with a searchable database of their contents. The site is appropriate for a wide range of audiences, including advanced students of Arabic literature, and will be of particular interest to researchers in Arabic and Islamic Studies looking for information on manuscript collections and rare manuscripts.
This is the website of the Historians of Islamic Art Association, formerly known as the North American Historians of Islamic Art (1982-1993), and also as the Historians of Islamic Art (1996-2006). The website contains Association news, details of symposiums and opportunities, an annual list of major publications in the field, and a listing of current and recent exhibitions likely to be of interest to the membership. Past Association newsletters and the membership contact list are only available to members. The Association also runs a scholarly discussion forum at H-Islamart, and the website has subscription details for this. This Historians of Islamic Art Association website will be useful to anyone with an interest in the history of the Islamic arts.
Professor Don Mabry's "Historical Text Archive" is a wide-ranging directory of texts, articles and images which pertain to random subjects in History. The author is an academic at Mississippi State University. The site is of use to anyone interested in History and is arranged by geography and theme, including sections on: the Persian Gulf War; Science History; Psycho History; Africa; Islamic History; the USA; Womens' History; Terrorism; and many more. However, coverage varies and whilst for example there are over forty references for European History, other areas contain only three or four items. The material ranges from digitalisation of complete books, to articles penned by the site's author. There is also a helpful section of essay questions, and book recommmendations by Amazon. This site has won over twenty awards, but is a rather random collection of material, with no visible collection policy.
'The Holy Land of the Crusaders' is based on a calendar published in 1999 by the Massolini Group to commemorate the ninth centenary of the First Crusade. This online resource consists mainly of a series of high quality, enlargeable photographs of buildings and artefacts left by crusaders. It includes pictures of a number of castles such as Kerak, Montfort, Belvoir, which were built as strongholds, administrative centres and refuges for pilgrims to the Holy Land (Palestine in modern Israel and part of Jordan). Other pages show the remnants of sanctuaries and churches and a collection of art and artefacts such as sculptures, seals and coins produced by pilgrims. The text, in an Italian and English version, is quite basic as this site's emphasis lies on the photographs, but on the whole this resource serves a good complement to picture-less historical works on the Crusades from the ninth century to the setting up of the Franciscan Custody of the Holy Land in 1342.
The website 'Internet History Sourcebooks Project', created by Paul Halsall at Fordham University, provides access to online primary source material for a number of branches of history. The project offers a combination of locally hosted material and links (often annotated) to documents on other sites. The three main sourcebooks cover ancient, medieval, and modern history; in addition to these, there are subsidiary sourcebooks, which take a thematic approach. There are, for example, sourcebooks on: Jewish history; Islamic history; East Asian history; history of science; and women's history. The material within the sourcebooks is well organised into categories, and is searchable. The home page provides general information about the sourcebooks project, including details of updates (maintaining a resource of this scope is a considerable task, and consequently some broken links are almost inevitable). Overall, this is a very valuable site, as the sources offered have the potential to be of immense use to historians; however, the user does need patience to browse what can be rather eclectic collections of sources. Also, the editor warns that the site had last been updated in 2006.
The Internet Islamic history source book is an extensive online reader to texts relevant for the study of Islamic history from its foundations through to the period post-1945. The overall aim of the sourcebook is to give ready access to primary texts, many of which may be difficult to find from other sources. The broad sections of the guide include: The pre-Islamic Arab world; Muhammad and foundations (to 632 CE); Islamic faith and theology; Islamic expansion and empire; the Caliphate; the Persians, the Turks and the Ottomans; interaction with the West and the Western intrusion; Islamic nationalism; Islamic world since 1945; maps and further resources. Texts available are relevant to history, theology, culture, and politics. Other sourcebooks exist for ancient, medieval, and modern histories.
The Islam 101 website provides a number of brief articles by various authors on aspects of Islamic belief, practice and culture. The articles are appropriate for a variety of audiences, from those unfamiliar with the basic tenets of Islam to those looking for information about specific topics. The home page highlights some of these articles and provides access to collections of articles by subject as well as to other features of the website (links, guest book, etc.). Subjects covered include: basic concepts of Islam; Islamic history; Islamic theology; hajj; fasting; the Qur'an; terrorism; human rights; politics; science; sociology; and women in Islam. A comparative religions section provides articles comparing Islamic beliefs to Christianity, Hinduism and Judaism. Although not all articles are by named authors, most of them are, and they provide reliable basic information about Islam from a faith-based perspective.
Adrift in a sea of polemics and postulation, the wonderful 'Islam and Islamic studies resources' website is a truly welcome presence on the Internet for its commitment to collecting and evaluating useful Internet resources on the Islamic faith. Maintained by Dr Alan Godlas at the University of Georgia, these pages seek to provide a scholarly overview of Islam, and Islam related issues, with the site divided into a series of categories that introduce the reader to an array of historical and contemporary discussions, but which are detailed enough to entice the most discerning of users. By combining introductory summary material with links to additional external sites, the author provides not only a brief tutorial in Islam but simultaneously identifies and critiques the best Islamic resources on the net. Categories include everything from the basic divisions in Islam, to mysticism, science, women's issues, history and art. Most sections offer additional bibliographic material, and new students will find the collection of bibliographic links and glossary of terms especially helpful. Those who wish to learn about Islam through electronic resources while remaining confident of the quality of material would do well to begin here.
The Islam Online website, run by Al Jazeera Publishing in Dubai, provides news and other content related to Islam for a Muslim and non-Muslim audience. The majority of the site is devoted to news articles on the Muslim world and the Middle East, with particular sections focused on Islamic banking and other business news. The site also includes some news in Arabic. The Spotlight on Islam section provides content related more directly to Islam and Islamic practice, including: commentaries on specific verses from the Qur'an and the Hadith; explanations of fatwas on various topics; and articles on the hajj and other topics like prayer, fasting, and the position of women. This section also includes over 80 brief profiles of prominent Muslims, from the time of the Prophet through medieval Islam and to the present day. The sections on Islam unfortunately do not include a topic index or clear indications of the authors of the articles, but still provide information that will be of interest to students as introductory sources on Islam and Islamic practice.
This is a Web-Based Teaching Course specialising in the history of Islamic Ceramics from the earliest period to the time of the "Great Empires". It is structured around ten historical sections which case-study the most significant periods and production centres throughout the history of Islamic ceramics, and is introduced by two general sections on ceramic technology. It is illustrated from the collections of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, and also by digitised clips of a Teaching Video entitled "Making Lustre Pottery with Alan Caiger-Smith". While most of the course is functional, there unfortunately appear to be a couple of sections that were never completed. In addition to the course itself, the site includes examples of past exam questions on the subject set by Oxford University. There are also essays on 'Abu'l-Qasim's Treatise on Ceramics' by J.W. Allan, and 'Esfahan: an unexpected pottery workshop' by Alan Caiger-Smith, which may both be read at the site. The course was initially created for use by students on the Islamic Art and Archaeology courses of the Oriental Institute, University of Oxford, but it was decided to make the site open access. It seems to be the only resource of its kind currently existing on the Web, and provides an easily navigable educational resource.
The Islamic Manuscripts website, moderated by Professor Jan Just Witkam of Leiden University, provides inventories of major manuscript collections and a wealth of other information related to Islamic manuscripts. The website includes recent inventories of the Oriental manuscripts collections at Leiden University and the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. It also has a reference library section, which gives access to digital versions of older catalogues of Islamic manuscripts from various European collections. In addition the reference library makes available many out-of-print or difficult to find articles and monographs related to Islamic manuscripts. Of particular interest to students of Islamic manuscripts and manuscript studies will be Professor Witkam's online course in Islamic palaeography, which provides an introduction to the subject as well as over 35 extracts from manuscripts in Arabic and Persian, with transcriptions and notes for students to guide them through different script styles. This website will be of particular interest to researchers and advanced students looking for catalogues and other information related to Islamic manuscripts.
The Islamic World to 1600 website provides readers with a solid introduction to development of Muslim society from its origins through to the Mughal Empire. These attractive pages could be easily incorporated into introductory teaching material; however, the site is likely to be of greatest benefit to undergraduate students of religion who desire a quick and trustworthy introduction to Islamic history. Structured around historical and dynastic themes, the pages cover a number of different issues, including the formation of Islamic belief, and its major political eras such as: the early Caliphates; the Abbasid Dynasty; the Mongol Invasions; and lastly the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires. The final chapter offers an examination of the artistic and scientific advancements of Islamic civilisation. For students seeking reading suggestions, a bibliography is provided at the end of the tutorial.
Islamport gives access to over 5,000 digitised texts in Arabic on a wide variety of subjects, with a particular focus on the Islamic sciences. It draws together resources from a number of other sites, making it one of the most comprehensive digital libraries for Islamic studies. The library can be navigated through a search function or by subject - the subjects list is found in the khizānat al-kutub section, accessible from the main page. The site also includes a 'comprehensive library' (al-maktabah al-shāmilah) program that allows users to download a large number of texts at once. The site is available only in Arabic.
Major subjects covered include: aspects of Muslim theology; the Qur'an and Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith; biography of the Prophet; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) in general and by school; and works by specific authors like Ibn Taymiyyah. The site also includes books on Arabic language, literature and history. The texts are available as downloadable .rar files or as online text that can be browsed more easily. This will be a useful resource for advanced students and researchers looking for primary and secondary sources in Arabic and Islamic Studies.
The website of the Kuwait Awqaf Public Foundation provides information about religious endowments (awqāf) in Kuwait. It includes general information on Kuwaiti religious endowments, including the history, development and law related to them. It also contains sections on various projects and funds supported by awqāf, including projects for social, health and educational development as well as projects to support religious heritage. An ongoing project to provide GIS (Geographic Information System) maps for a list of mosques protected by awqāf will be of interest to architectural historians of the Middle East. The site is available only in Arabic. It will be of most interest to advanced researchers in Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies with an interest in Islamic law, religious endowments, philanthropy, and architectural and other heritage.
The Bibliothèque Nationale de France makes available online scanned versions of a large number of catalogues for its collection of manuscripts from around the world. The website gives access to all these catalogues, but by clicking on the Manuscrits - Orient option the user is taken directly to a list of manuscript catalogues for the Near East and Africa. These include catalogues for manuscripts in Arabic (11 catalogues); Hebrew (one catalogue); Persian (four catalogues); and Turkish (two catalogues); as well as catalogues for manuscripts in other Near Eastern languages like Armenian and Syriac. The digitisation process is ongoing, and further catalogues will be added in the future. Although the catalogues are scanned as images and therefore not easily searchable, this resource makes available to researchers important catalogues for the library's significant collections of manuscripts for Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Studies.
The website of the Markaz Wadūd lil-Makhṭūṭāt [Wadud Centre for Manuscripts] provides digital facsimilies of over 700 manuscripts and 1400 books in Arabic on a variety of topics. The main focus of the site is Islamic manuscripts and manuscript catalogues, but it also includes manuscripts and books related to Arabic language and literature. The documents are downloadable as zipped .rar files. The site is available only in Arabic.
The manuscripts are accessed through the Khizānat al-Makhṭūṭāt [Manuscript Library] section and are arranged by topic or accessible through a search function. Major topics include: Islamic doctrine; the Qur'an; Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith and Sunna; history and biography; Islamic jurisprudence; and language and literature. Each manuscript has an associated record that includes its source and a brief summary. The Fahāris wa-Kutub [Catalogues and Books] section provides a large number of manuscript catalogues, including those of major universities and national libraries in Europe and the Middle East. It also provides Arabic versions of Carl Brockelmann's Geschichte der Arabischen Litteratur and Fuat Sezgin's Geschichte des Arabischen Schrifttums. The site will be of interest primarily to advanced students and researchers in Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies looking for primary sources and manuscript catalogues.
This is currently one of the best internet resources in English on the great Andalusian mystic and philosopher Ibn ‘Arabi (1165-1240), also known as the Greatest of Spiritual Masters (Shaykh al-Akbar). The subjects covered include Ibn ‘Arabi’s works, theological and philosophical discussion of themes in his writings, later commentators, and the spread of his teachings. The Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi Society was founded in 1977, and is based in Oxford, with a branch in the United States, and has organised numerous events and publications relating the Ibn ‘Arabi not only addressed to an academic audience, but also a wider group of Ibn ‘Arabi enthusiasts and admirers of his teachings. Information about related events and publications are found here, as well as free podcasts of lectures. Many of the contributors to the website are Ibn ‘Arabi scholars well known in the West, such as Michel Chodkiewicz, William Chittick, Claude Addas and James Morris. These authors and others have contributed original essays and articles for this website, but reproductions of articles from books and journals can also be found here in very readable format. Unfortunately, there are hardly any articles that provide information on his background and historical context, as well as the negative reaction his teachings provoked in some quarters of the Muslim world. Also, works by Ibn ‘Arabi and his commentators are found only in translation, and not in their original languages.
MuslimHeritage.com is a website dedication to improving knowledge of the contributions to science, technology, and the arts made by Muslims, particularly during the European (so-called) Dark Ages period. The site features articles explaining how the Islamic world both kept alive earlier technologies and ideas whilst developing new ones and promoting science during the period after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It also argues that this period of intellectual history is not given the attention that it deserves.The site features: an interactive timeline; biographies of Muslim scholars and scientists; and features covering fields as diverse as medicine, agricultural technology, conflict between science and religion, and architecture.This is a site with a point to prove, and it contains a lot of fascinating information. Some of the articles do, however, fail to flag points that might be considered contentious, and sometimes one suspects that words such as science or agricultural revolution are being used rather loosely. Nevertheless, students of the history of science would be well advised to have a look at the perspectives here offered.The site does not appear to function properly in Netscape browsers, but its presentation under Internet Explorer is clean and effective.
Nidā’ al-īmān is an Islamic website that provides electronic versions of a large number of both classical and contemporary texts in the Islamic sciences. Along with an extensive digital library, the site includes: the full text of the Qur'an with associated audio files, searchable and navigable by chapter and verse; a number of Hadith collections; a fatwa database that can be searched by topic and jurist; and an audio library of lectures on various topics. The site is available only in Arabic.
The digital library will be of particular interest to researchers in Arabic and Islamic Studies. This provides access to searchable online text versions of books on various subjects, including: the Qur'an; Hadith; aspects of Muslim theology; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh); Muslim women; literature and rhetoric; biography and history; contemporary issues; language; and medicine.
This Web page gives access to the full-text of 'Orient: Report of the Society for Near Eastern Studies in Japan' (1960-2004), and despite the word 'report' in the title this is actually a substantial academic journal. Tables of contents, abstracts, and PDF files of articles are all freely available online. The journal was published in English, with occasional articles in German and French, and was devoted to reports and scholarly articles on archaeological and historical topics, with forays into linguistics. Example article titles include: 'Historical problems of the early Achaemenian period'; 'Hadiths as historical sources for a biography of the prophet'; 'A Japanese view of Lord Cromer's rule in Egypt'; and 'A Century of Turkish Studies in Japan', among many others. The latest issue available at 2009 is the 2004 issue, a special on the history of glass and glass-making. This will be a useful full-text resource for those engaged in the historical study of the Near East. The journal issues are held on the Japanese central online archive of ejournals (which is presented in English, but which otherwise contains only scientific journals), and as such the page does not have details of editors and Editorial Board - but these may be found by browsing the preface of recent issues or by searching Google.
The Islam pages of the Overview of World Religions website provide introductory articles on many aspects of Islamic belief and practice. Topics include the historical development of Islam and the spread of Islamic civilization as well as more specific traditions within Islam. The site is divided into four main sections: Islam; Sunni tradition; Shi'a tradition; and Sufi orders. Each section includes a general introductory article as well as articles on specific schools of jurisprudence, sects, or traditions. The articles are accessible and well-cited, and will be most appropriate as introductory texts for students or as a basis for further research. The site is part of PHILTAR (Philosophy, Theology and Religion), a project of the Division of Religion and Philosophy at the University of Cumbria. Other sections of the main site provide links to articles and further resources on Islam.
The website by the Spanish Medieval historian F. Javier Villalba Ruiz de Toledo offers complementary materials for his lectures, which may be of interest to other lecturers and students of European and Spanish medieval history. The site provides historical texts; maps; and a bibliography (although at the time of cataloguing the latter was not available). The texts section includes fragments from a wide variety of historical sources, covering topics such as: Al-Andalus; feudalism; Christian Spain; the fight for the 'Dominium mundi'; and feudal monarchies. The author has also made available very useful historical maps such as: Europe by the end of the 5th century; Islam in times of Mohammed; England by the beginning of the 10th century; and the First Crusade. Users should note that all materials are in Spanish only.
The Islamic manuscripts section of the Princeton University Library's Department of Rare Books and Special Collections website provides researchers with digital versions of both published and unpublished catalogues of the manuscripts in the library's collections. The library holds the largest collection of Islamic manuscripts in North America, with 11,000 volumes of Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Turkish manuscripts. The collection focuses on Islamic learning, but also contains examples of illuminated manuscripts and other arts of the book. The website gives access to scanned versions of three of the four published catalogues of the manuscript collections (1938 to 1987), and an unpublished 'Preliminary Checklist of Uncatalogued Islamic Manuscripts' (2004). The site also provides links to descriptions of specific collections of Arabic calligraphy, Arabic papyri, and illustrated Shahnamah manuscripts. This site will be a valuable resource for advanced researchers in Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies looking for information on Islamic manuscript collections.
This is the personal website of Professor Uri Rubin an academic at the Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies at Tel-Aviv University in Israel. Prof. Rubin's area of specialization is early Islam, with special emphasis on the Qur’an, Qur’an Exegesis (Tafsir), and early Islamic tradition (Sira and Hadith). In particular, his work has explored the early Muslim view of the Prophet Muhammad, and prophecy in general. A list of his publications is given, and many are free to download in pdf form. There are also links to his articles displayed elsewhere on the internet. A few recordings of interviews with Prof. Rubin are available for those proficient in Hebrew.
The website for the journal Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée makes available abstracts and some full-text articles from the journal, published by the Institut de recherches et d'études sur le Monde arabe et musulman (IREMAM) in Aix-en-Provence. The journal publishes thematic issues on the Muslim world, broadly defined, in two different series: History and the Contemporary World. Each issue includes a number of articles on a general theme, including contributions from scholars of the Muslim world beyond the Middle East and North Africa; an introductory article; independent studies; book reviews; and lists of bibliographic and electronic resources. The journal is an important source for contemporary scholarship on the Muslim world, and its online version makes much of its text available to a broad public. The website also includes further electronic resources, in collaboration with the Bibenligne site, that will be of use to all those interested in the Mediterranean and the Muslim world. Abstracts are published in French and English, though most of the full-text articles are available only in French.
This is the homepage of the School of Abbasid Studies, where one can find information related to the various activities related to the School, as well as directly access a number of its research publications. This organisation is a cooperative venture between scholars from the Universities of St. Andrews, Cambridge and Leuven, founded (originally in the 1980s) to facilitate study of various aspects of society during the reign of this dynasty. Today, the Abbasid period (mid 8th century - mid 13th century C.E.) is popularly remembered as Islam's 'Golden Age', when cultural and intellectual development flourished. Details regarding the School's biennial conference can be found here, as well as academic biographies of its directors and members. Scholars and students who have had trouble trying to access the publications of this school will be delighted to discover that the complete first three volumes of their Occasional Working Papers are readily downloadable in PDF form from their 'Publications' section. Two edited translations of classical Abbasid literary works (Ibn Fadhlan's travel account, and al-Jahiz's epistle on singing girls) are also available in the same section. Also, the 'Working Papers' section promises access to future work by this group.
Shabakat rawḍ al-rayāhīn is an Arabic website devoted to resources on Sufism. It includes: a periodic magazine highlighting Sufi texts and poetry; excerpts from books on Sufism; a collection of mystical poetry by various authors; online versions of important texts by Sufi authors, including Ahmad al-Tijani; and full-text versions of books and theses on Sufism available as zipped or PDF files. The site also contains a number of recordings that can be played with RealPlayer, including lectures on different topics as well as recorded recitations and dhikrs (devotions). The site is available only in Arabic. It will be of most use to advanced researchers looking for primary sources on Sufism and Sufic practice.
The Shia Books website gives access to online text versions of over 3,000 books in Arabic, primarily related to Islam and Islamic Studies. Despite its name, it includes books in both the Shiite and Sunni traditions. It also has collections related to history and language. The books can be accessed through subject and author indexes or through a search function. Major subjects include: Hadith; biography of the prophet; Islamic jurisprudence; Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); and men of the Hadith. The site also includes a fully vocalised online text version of the Qur'an. The site is available in Arabic and Persian, but the English version was not working as of July 2008. It will be of most use to advanced students and researchers in Islamic or Middle Eastern Studies looking for primary and secondary source material in Arabic. Users should note that the English version of the site was not working at the time of review.
The Society for Arabian Studies is a scholarly organisation based in London that aims to... "support and encourage research in the Arabian peninsula in the fields of archaeology, history, culture and the environment". The website is presented in English. The Society publishes an annual 'Bulletin' magazine in English, which is freely available online in PDF format. The 'Bulletin' aims to be a comprehensive survey of scholarly activity in the field during the past year, and at October 2008 three issues of this journal are available for download. Also available on the website are full details of the organising committee, membership fees, the Society's conferences, lectures, its Monograph Series, and other activities. The Society also offers small grants, of £500. This website will be especially useful for those seeking an accessible summary of recent scholarship in this area.
T. E. Lawrence Studies is a website that aims to be the key biographical portal for academic and scholarly studies of T. E. Lawrence, the English author, hero and adventurer, and his role in historical events. The website is rich in content, and has biographical and reference material including maps, photographs, bibliographies and chronologies. There are also essays on such topics as collecting Lawrence items, and a scene-by-scene analysis of the David Lean film 'Lawrence of Arabia'. The website also aims to host the peer-reviewed online research journal, 'T.E. Lawrence Studies', which it is hoped will begin publication in 2007. Some of the journal contributions are already, at October 2007, available via the website in full-text form. The website also has details of the T. E. Lawrence discussion list, and links to its archives. In addition to all the other content, also available on a companion website is "a substantial proportion of Lawrence's published writing". This website and the companion websites are run by Jeremy Wilson, the authorised biographer of T. E. Lawrence.
This is a website dedicated to the Tijani Sufi Way, which was founded in 1784 by the North African saint Shaykh Ahmad al-Tijani (d.1815), when he had a vision of the Prophet Muhammad. This Sufi order is extremely influential in many parts of Africa today, and has even found followers as far as Indonesia and the United States. Information on the the doctrine and practice of the order can be found on this website, as well as biographies of its major figures. Such information is usually presented with sources and references. Also, a news section enables the visitor to follow recent developments occurring among Tijani communities around the world.
The website of the Muslim Student Association of the University at Buffalo (the State University of New York) is aimed at students and individuals at an early stage of exploration into the issues and texts affecting Muslim communities. It provides a substantial guide to electronic resources on Islam and, to a lesser degree, Islamic history. While the initial pages provide some limited discussion on its principles of belief, the site’s most useful facility is the compilation of sacred scriptures and prophetic texts. From here, one can access copies of the Qur’an (Koran) in a variety of translations as well as electronically stored Hadith and other writings on Islamic law and tradition. Students writing essays on some aspect of Islamic religion or history may also find the annotated bibliography especially helpful.