The website"Medieval History" from About.com provides access to information about Medieval history in general. The website gives both very basic introductions to the Middle Ages (with articles about 'What are the Middle Ages?' and 'Who's Who in Medieval Times' and so on) and more detailed information on specific topics and events. The home page has a list of current articles and brief descriptions of their contents. There is also the option to keyword search through the website at the bottom of the page. Most of the content is split into several thematic headings (for example, People and Places; Castles, Knights and Armour; Crusades, Wars and Warfare; and Religion and Philosophy) and each of these contain a wealth of articles. The website is simply designed and easy to navigate, and provides access to an excellent amount of information. The complex advertisements, which often include videos, may cause the website to load slowly for some users.
The "Actas y Comunicaciones" (ISSN 1669-7286) from the University of Buenos Aires' Instituto de Historia Antigua y Medieval present research papers from the Institute in electronic format, in PDF files. The first issue of this electronic peer reviewed publication appeared in 2005, bringing together papers presented at a conference held at the Institute entitled 'Cuestiones historiográficas y representaciones históricas. Europa, ayer y hoy' (Historiographic Questions and Historical Representations. Europe, Yesterday and Today'). The articles are written in either Spanish or Italian and focus on such themes as: political power and intellectual development in the Middle Ages; the university as 'hammer and chisel' of medieval society, using 15th century Salamanca University as a case study; and, in a move away from medieval history, a study of Italian intellectuals and the fascist movement in Italy. The editors hope that the electronic format will permit greater dissemination of research output from the Institute, but they also welcome contributions from international scholars for future issues. At the time of review (2009) the PDF files three (2005-2007) of all four volumes posted online were not downloading properly.
Anarchist archives has been created by Dana Ward of Pitzer College in California. Work on the site started in 1995 with the aim of providing an online history of anarchists and anarchist movements, as well as the online provision of the collected works of major anarchists. A large part of the site is dedicated to influential anarchists. This section includes biographical information, full-text of a large number of works, bibliographies, portraits and commentaries. The site also includes a section covering significant historical events, such as the Paris Commune, the Spanish Civil War and the Haymarket Massacre. The site is strong on primary sources: as well as providing full-text of the works of major anarchists, there are some full-text pamphlets originally published in the early twentieth century and some full-text journals from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. A lengthy and up-to-date bibliography is included. The bibliography is available either in an alphabetical list or divided into categories. These categories include works specifically relating to: particular anarchist theorists; anarchist movements and events; anarchist anthologies; other anarchist writers and works; other comprehensive bibliographies; and Yiddish comprehensive bibliographies. Additionally present is a list of links which have been divided into categories. The website has a clear structure and can be searched or browsed.
This website belongs to the Andrei Sakharov Archives, formerly at Brandeis Unversity, now associated with the Davis Center at Harvard University. The archive was established in July 1993, four years after Sakharov's death. The site contains the description of the materials kept at the Center. It's first of all Andrei Sakharov's collection of personal materials, manuscripts and typed versions of scientific works, his PhD thesis, manuscripts of all political articles, texts of interviews and personal correspondence with Natan Sharansky, Sergei Kovalev, Eduard Kuznetsov and others. Users can access information on Sakharov's correspondents by clicking on their highlighted names. The Archives also include the Elena Bonner collection of manuscripts, correspondence and political statements; the Human rights Collection of materials relating to different international human rights organizations; the Grossman Collection of materials related to the famous Soviet-Jewish author of "The Black Book" Vasilii Grossman; a collection of microfilms that contains a 40-volumes trial case of Sergei Kovalev and a collection of the underground Solidarity publications; and the Peter Reddaway Collection of photos on the human rights movement. On this site users can find archival indexes and information about access to the collections now housed at Harvard University.
This site is the home page of the Andrei Sakharov Foundation (USA), which is closely related to other American and Russian organizations dedicated to the preservation of the memory of Andrei Sakharov. The Russian branch was organized shortly after his death in 1989, and the American one in 1990. From this page users can access pages of The Sakharov Archives in Moscow which contain thousands of documents on Sakharov's life and activities; The Andrei Sakharov Museum and Community Centre; The Andrei Sakharov Archives and Center at Brandeis University which serves as the base for research on the history of the USSR; and other pages. Users can also find materials on Sakharov's biography and that of his wife, Elena Bonner, as well as a bibliography of their books with highlighted addresses of the publishers. Users can also access selected articles by Andrei Sakharov in Russian, such as "Razmyshleniia o progresse, mirnom sosushchestvovanii i intellektual'noi svobode", "Pis'mo v organizatsionnyi komitet simpoziuma po probleme smertnoi kazni", etc.
Anglo-Saxonists From the Sixteenth Through the Twentieth Century is an online bibliography of secondary works relating to the history of Anglo-Saxon and Old English scholarship and scholars. The bibliography is organised on a century-by-century basis, listing general works and works about specific scholars in each period. There is also a list of general studies. References are not annotated, and the compiler does not claim that the bibliography is comprehensive, although it is extensive enough to be of use to those researching the history of Anglo-Saxon scholarship.
'Aspects of the Victorian Book' is an online exhibition created by the British Library to mark the centenary of Queen Victoria's death in 1901. The site forms an introduction to printing and publishing techniques of the period, drawing on the British Library's large collection of 19th-century material. The exhibition is divided into two main sections, 'Production', and 'Publishing'. 'Production' covers topics including: printing techniques; illustration techniques (including photography and lithography); and binding. 'Publishing' concentrates on the types of books produced in the period, such as: novels; penny dreadfuls; children's books; and magazines. Each subsection consists of an introduction and a number of supporting images. This resource would make a useful introduction to publishing in the Victorian period for students of book history, as well as those studying English.
The Athanasius Kircher Correspondence Project presents digitised images of the correspondence of this neglected 17th century Jesuit thinker. Based in Rome, Kircher had one of the most wide-ranging intellects of his day, pursuing subjects as diverse as alchemy, Egyptology and engineering. Much of his research was based on correspondence with foreign thinkers, travellers and missionaries, and the collection digitised here is based on the 2,000 plus letters Kircher received from over 700 correspondents. The website provides information on recent publications and bibliographical data on works about Kircher and his correspondence. To view the correspondence itself, it is necessary to download the Insight program from the site: users can then search the database using a range of categories, and will be presented with digitised images of the letters relevant to their search terms.
The Atlas of Early Printing is an online resource created by the University of Iowa Libraries. The Atlas consists mainly of an interactive map of Europe, illustrating the spread of moveable type printing technology during the period 1450 - 1500. Information provided on the map includes the locations of: printing presses; paper mills; universities; fairs; conflicts; and trade routes. Users can also view modern European country boundaries, and the locations of modern cities. The information on the map can be displayed layer by layer, and can also be restricted by year or year-range, for clearer viewing. In addition to the map, the site provides background information on the Atlas and the team responsible for it, as well as: an examination of one fifteenth-century printed book (a 1490 copy of Scriptores Historiae Augustae from the University of Iowa's collections); a digital animation of an early printing press; a bibliography of related reference sources; and links to other relevant websites. This resource would make a useful introduction to the history of European printing, and would be a good starting point for further bibliographical or historical study. It should be noted that Flash software is required in order to make use of the map.
The website "The Augsburg Web Edition Llull's Electoral Writings" is an online database of facsimiles, transcriptions, and translations of Raymond Llull's (1232-1316) three writings on electoral systems: Artifitium electionis personarum (Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana Cod.Vat.lat.9332); En qual manera Natana fo eleta a abadessa (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Cod.Hisp.67); De arte eleccionis (Sankt Nikolaus-Hospital / Cusanusstift Papers Cod.Cus.83). Each text is presented in three formats present in frames on the same screen: a digital black and white image of the original, a transcription, and translations in either English, German, Catalan and French. Selecting words from either frame highlights its correspondent sequence in all versions of the text. Papers and related articles on these texts are also available in full-text format (PDF or .html) on this website, as well as links to other relevant online resources, including the research paper presented by the three authors of this edition in the journal 'Le médiéviste et l'ordinateur'.
"Diaries of the seventeenth century" is a useful introduction to 17th Century diaries and diarists, in the form of an essay by Dr Mark Knights of the University of East Anglia. It is divided into six sub-headed pages with a few illustratory images. The author discusses private journals in general as well as looking at the specific diaries of Sir John Reresby and Leeds dissenter Ralph Thoresby, and considering the motivation of the most famous diarist of the time, Samuel Pepys. This is useful aid for history students approaching the interpretation of personal documents in history. The essay concentrates on attitudes towards diary keeping in the seventeenth century and on the insights they offer as primary source material. As usual with BBC sites, there are excellent links to relevant topics elsewhere both within the BBC network and beyond.
The main content of this BBC History website is an essay by Michael Wood, presenter of the 2003 BBC series "In Search of Shakespeare", and author of the book of the same name. The work is in two parts, covering the early and later years of Shakespeare's life respectively: links between the two are located at the top of the navigation bar on the right hand side. The site also features links to related articles and extra historical context which shed further light on the writings of William Shakespeare (1564-1616) and the period in which he lived. There are informative essays by leading historians such as Andrew Pettegree and Alexandra Briscoe. Discussion also focuses on the last years of the Tudor dynasty, and its turbulent religious life. Wood's series raised the often overlooked aspect of secret Roman Catholicism (recusancy) on the life and works of Shakespeare, and the site touches on this subject. Since there is little documentation extant on the great bard, there is much speculation about his personal and religious life. An interesting and thoughtful site with much material for those studying Shakespeare at all levels.
The website of the Bibliographical Society gives information about the society and its aims and activities. Founded in 1801 an based in Oxford, the society exists to promote the study of: historical; analytical; descriptive; and textual bibliography, as well as the history of: printing; publishing; bookselling; bookbinding; and collecting. The site gives details on: membership; meetings; publications; and bursaries. The Society's journal, 'The Library', is published by Oxford University Press, and subscription information is provided. The Society also hosts pages relating to 'The Cathedral Libraries Catalogue: Books printed before 1701 in the libraries of the Anglican Cathedrals of England and Wales'. This site would be useful to those studying book history in general, or any of the society's interests in specific.
The Bibliographical Society of Canada (BSC) website provides information on the society and its work. The BSC aims to promote study of the "history, description, and transmission of texts in all media and formats, with a primary emphasis on Canada". The site gives details of: the membership of the society; the BSC's annual conference; related events; and BSC-funded fellowships. Of particular interest to book history scholars are the 40 digitised volumes of the BSC Papers series (1962-2002). The contents of the Papers can be browsed by volume or title, and the full text can also be searched by keyword.
The website 'A bibliography for Thomas More's "Utopia"' is an online resource based on a PhD thesis by Romuald Ian Lakowski (now at Grant MacEwan College, Alberta, Canada). The site comprises a large list of: editions; concordances; and bibliographies from the early sixteenth-century up to 1998. There are bibliographical entries for translations in many languages, including: English; French; Spanish; Chinese; Finnish; Hungarian; Arabic; and Japanese. In total there are nearly seven hundred bibliographic entries which can be accessed through the table of contents or via an index of authors' names. This website would be a useful research tool for students of philosophy; history; theology; and literature.
The virtual library Saavedra Fajardo is a project by the University of Murcia (Spain) in collaboration with international groups of researchers, and financed by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science. The library main focus is Hispanic intellectual history, and in particular political works and thinkers who write in Spanish. The vast amount of resources include: electronic versions of books; a bio-bibliographic catalogue; lists of contents of journals dedicated to political theory and intellectual history; and more. The core of the site is the electronic library, containing a high number of works from all periods of Spanish history: Visigothic domination; Medieval kingdoms; Hispanic Monarchy; Liberal period; Restoration; Second Republic; and Francoism. Works can be browsed by author; title; or period. Extremely useful for researchers is the possibility of viewing the full-scanned version of a particular book, or alternatively an extensive bibliographic record including a list of contents. The 'Centro de Documentación' is a bio-bibliographic database in which users may access information about Spanish thinkers from all periods, as well as bibliographies of secondary literature. In addition to a section of useful links, there is an active forum in which collaboration takes place in the form of short articles. All in all, this is a very impressive resource for historians of Spanish philosophy and/or political thought.
This website, for the Bluestocking online journal, investigates the intellectual and artistic achievements of women throughout history. The journal's main aim is to prove de Beauvoir's statement, in 1949 in 'The Second Sex' that young women lacked the stimulus of emulation in the pursuit of knowledge and therefore failed to contribute to the arts and any intellectual pursuits, as fundamentally wrong. Instead, the journal argues, women have made significant - if sometimes ignored or even stifled - contributions to all aspects and levels of human understanding; and it is an exploration of, and interest in, these female advances that the journal wishes to promote and study. The Web pages are very eloquently designed and contain information on the journal's main aims, its current issue (with links to the full articles), its past issues (again, with links to the full articles), and details of editorial members and so on. The journal is run by students at the University of Oxford and the editorial members change on a termly basis.
The Book History Research Network (BHRN) website is hosted by Trinity College Dublin. The BHRN was established in 1998 to bring together far-flung postgraduates, teachers, and academics studying and researching the history of the book. The project is directed by Dr. Johanna Archbold, who is affiliated with the Centre for Irish-Scottish and Comparative Studies, Trinity College Dublin. The project runs study days and posts a contact list with all the people registered in the network who are currently involved in, or who have recently completed, research into the history of the book. Also provided here are a mailing list; information on conferences and calls for papers; a links list; reports on previous events; discussion papers published online; and news and forthcoming events. Instructions are given on how to join the BHRN, and further information is offered about the Centre for Irish-Scottish and Comparative Studies. A number of internal links on the site were broken at the last review, but researchers on the history of the book will still find these pages to be a good starting point for making contacts with others in their field.
Based at the School of European Studies, Cardiff, the British Idealism and Collingwood Centre is a major centre for research into R. G. Collingwood (1889-1943) and the Idealist school of philosophy. Copies of manuscripts and PhD theses from throughout the world are held here, and may be located via the online catalogue. The Centre also provides printed material and a CD-ROM. Relatively little material is published on the website itself, although there is background information about the Centre, a list of publications, and abstracts of books about Collingwood and related philosophers.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "British Institute of Public Opinion (Gallup) Polls, 1938-1946" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This dataset comprises data from the 58 surviving BIPO polls conducted between 1938 and 1946. Questions cover domestic, foreign and military affairs, including: appeasement; the progress and prosecution of the war; whether to sue for peace with Germany, Italy and Japan; satisfaction with the government's conduct of the war; attitudes towards Churchill and other leading politicians, including Halifax, Eden, Atlee, Bevin, Morrison; the persecution of the Jews; the opening of a second front; attitudes to the USSR and the USA as allies; the dropping of the atomic bomb; morale, optimism and pessimism; rationing and other war-time controls; air-raids and bomb damage; and the Beveridge Report, equal pay, post-war reconstruction.
C18-L is an email discussion list for the study of the 18th century (here defined as 1660-1830). The C18-L resources site which is associated with the email list provides access to a range of online resources to assist research. Apart from maintaining a gateway to other relevant Internet resources, the substance of the site is dedicated to a collection of partially annotated bibliographies. Subject areas covered include: bibliographic tools; women writers, readers, and publishers; children's literature; journalism and the periodical press; book culture; illustration and prints; contemporary library and archive collections. The C18-L email community also publishes a series of Selected Readings, a bibliography of materials across subject areas submitted by members of the list. The entire corpus of readings may be searched via the site. The C18-L site also provides information about joining the email list and makes available the list's archives. Users of the site should note that this resources site has not been updated since 2005, but many of the resources are still useful for researchers studying literature or history of the period.
The website of the Ohio State University Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies (CMRS) provides information about: the centre; its programmes; its staff; and their research interests. The Center focuses on: art; music; literature; religion; history; philosophy; and government. It also publishes a twice-quarterly newsletter entitled Nouvelles Nouvelles (selected issues of which are available in full-text at this site) and has served as the headquarters for the New Chaucer Society. The Center houses the Hilandar Research Library and the resource Center for Medieval Slavic Studies. The site has a useful section of links to resources on various subjects including: Arthurian; numismatics; Byzantium; warfare; Vikings; conferences; history of art; and religion. A good resource for students of the medieval and Renaissance periods.
The Centre for the Study of the Renaissance at the University of Warwick is an interdisciplinary centre which brings together specialists studying the Renaissance period within English studies, French studies, history, history of art, Italian studies and theatre studies. The Centre receives funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) to develop the AHRB Centre for the Study of Renaissance Elites and Court Cultures. The website provides information about the projects, activities and publications of the Centre. The Centre hosts three research projects: the Italian Elites project which studies the contribution of well-educated or high-ranking Italians to the social, political and cultural life of the Italian and European Renaissance; the Europa Triumphans project which studies court, city and religious festivals of the Renaissance and Early Modern periods; and the John Nichols Project which investigates Court Entertainment and civic pageantry. Each of these projects has a separate section on the website. The site also provides details of seminars and conferences organised by the Centre; the MA in Culture of the European Renaissance; subscription information for the Centre's printed journal, Renaissance Journal; and a useful selection of links to relevant resources.
The Children's Literature Digital Collection is an online collection of selected texts (some full-text) from a specialist collection held by Roehampton University Library. The physical collection is used to support the work of the National Centre for Research in Children's Literature, and consists of: reference books; journals; and children's literature from the 19th and 20th centuries. The digital collection comprises a small part of the collection, but would be of interest to book historians as well as those researching English literature and educational studies. Works on the site include: 'Black Ivory' by R. M. Ballantyne; 'With Clive in India' by G. A. Henty; and 'Countess Kate' by Charlotte Yonge. The works are provided either as separate chapters or as one file in PDF format. Synopses and bibliographical information are also provided for each work.
This website, compiled by Professor Christopher Bassford of the National College of War, Washington, is dedicated to the Prussian military thinker Claude von Clausewitz. It contains a great deal of resources with introductory information, images, articles, scholarly studies, bibliographies and the full-text of two of his works, 'On War' and 'Principles of War'. On War is available in English and German. Also available in full-text is Christopher Bassford's book 'The Reception of Clausewitz in Britain and America 1815-1945', which is published in print by Oxford University Press. The website can be browsed through the table of contents, and there is also a keyword search facility. In addition to this there is a set of Frequently Asked Questions, helpful for those approaching Clausewitz and his theories for the first time, making it a useful resource for students and researchers as well as teachers.
Codex Gigas is a website hosting a digitisation of a 13th-century Bible, known as the 'Devil's Bible'. The Bible was made in medieval Bohemia, and is said to be the largest extant medieval Bible. The Bible is now owned by the Kungliga biblioteket (National Library in Stockholm), which created this resource. High quality images of all folios of the codex are available, each of which can be magnified in order to see detail or read the text. The images can be browsed by folio number, or highlights can be viewed by type of content (for example: names; Old Testament; New Testament; or Calendar). In addition to the images, the site provides: a history of the manuscript; a description of the codex; and a discussion of the content size and purpose of this Bible. Also helpful are the: bibliography; biographies; and glossary of manuscript terms. The site is well designed and easy to use, and would be of interest to anyone studying medieval manuscripts, or medieval theology. The site is also provided in Swedish and Czech.
This website describes the Collaborative Program in Book History and Print Culture at the University of Toronto. The programme is set up for postgraduate students involved in masters or doctoral research in various disciplines, but whose topics share a common interest in the physical, cultural, or theoretical aspects of the book. This interdisciplinary approach brings together the expertise of faculty members from across the University of Toronto in English, History, Modern Languages, Information Studies, Music, Medieval Studies and other departments. The website provides links to the degree programmes and course details, application procedures and administrative information, libraries, directories of faculty and students, and a short list of Web resources. The site also features a list of links.
Collective Biographies of Women is a comprehensive online annotated bibliography of more than 900 collective biographies (biographies that cover the lives of at least three inidividuals per work) published in English between 1830 and 1940. The women covered by this bibliography include: historical; literary; legendary; and biblical figures from many different periods and is based on Alison Booth's book 'How to Make it as a Woman: Collective Biographical History from Victoria to the Present'. The bibliography can by browsed alphabetically by author and also searched by: keyword; title; author; place of publication; and editor, illustrator or translator. Individual entries give publication details for each printing of the work that could be traced, enabling an overview of the popularity of the subject matter as well as the concerns of particular publishers. The site also provides a 'pop chart' of the most popular female subjects during the period covered by the bibliography. Future plans for the project include the creation of an image gallery covering collections included in the bibliography. The resource is easy to use and well presented, and highlights a somewhat neglected sub-genre of biography. Students and researchers working in prosopography would find this resource useful, as would those studying the history of the book or English literature.
The "Communist Chronicles" website is a journal published by a group of Norwegian academics, and aims to make available historical documents relating to the history of communism. In particular the resources available on the site deal with the Cold War, and the Communist Party in Norway. The first issue contains documents concerned with the relations between the CPSU and the Norwegian Communist Party (NKP) for the years 1945-47. Most documents have been derived from the Russian State Archive of Social and Political History (RGASPI), and all have been translated into English. Also available are CPSU documents from 1948-1953, many of which refer to Peder Furubotn, and a selection of Furubotn's articles and recollections. The site has not been updated since 2002 but the material is of use to researchers and students of Soviet history.
The Communist History Network Newsletter is a twice-yearly electronic and print publication covering all aspects of current historical research into the life and work of communists and communist parties across the world. Running back to 1996 and based in Manchester, the Newsletter has particular interests in communist politics in Britain and other English-speaking countries. The CHNN serves both as a means of contact between researchers working in the area of communist history and as a forum for disseminating the results of new research. The Newsletter includes: reports on conferences, recently completed theses and 'work in progress'; details on new archival findings and other sources; and reviews of new publications in the field. It is available online in html, Word and PDF formats, and can also be ordered in print.
This site provides access to the full-text of all issues of the Communist History Network Newsletter from 1996 to 2008. Each issue contains articles, book reviews, reviews of websites, details on new publications and recent research relating to all aspects of the worldwide history of communism. This includes coverage of the history of the British Communist party, socialist history, working class movements, Communist government in Russia, the Bolsheviks and Russian politics. The archive is searchable by keyword. After 2009 the journal was superceded by Twentieth Century Communism: a journal of international history
The website The Communist Nations Since 1917 is an online version of a work by the much-respected Professor Anna Cienciala of the University of Kansas. This is a useful site for students of History, Politics, or regional studies. It explains the nature of the Communist regimes in East and Central Europe in comparison with those of China, North Korea, the Caribbean, Central America, Africa and the Middle East. The aim of the text, as the author points out, is to provide "a historical background" to the communist states before 1917, and then to trace their development throughout the twentieth century. The work was born out of lecture outlines and has been updated as events have merited it. The website is, in reality a book placed online, and therefore employs a similar format. Chapters address subjects such as: Marxism; the Russian Revolutions; Soviet Russia; Polish-Soviet War; Cold War; China since 1949; and Nationalism and Communism in Africa, the Middle East and Afghanistan. The themes pertinent to the examination of Communism are woven into individual national narratives.
Cahiers de recherches médiévales (CRM) is the website of a French journal devoted to interdisciplinary study of the Middle Ages. The journal's official languages are French and English, but articles in: Italian; Spanish; Portuguese; and German will also be considered (depending on subject). The journal also looks at the interpretation of the medieval period during the Renaissance and up to the present day. Each issue of the journal presents articles on a main theme and several sub-themes, together with book reviews. The full text of articles from issues more than three years old are available on the site, which can be searched via an author index, or alternatively via the site's keyword search facility. The website also provides a statement of the journal's aims, as well as: contact details; details of the editorial board; subscription information; notes for submission of articles; and details of the themes for forthcoming issues. This site would be of interest to scholars and students studying any aspect of the Middle Ages, especially those interested in Europe.
'Cultural industries: the British experience in international perspective' is a free ebook that contains the full-text proceedings of a 2006 conference of the same name held at the Centre for British Studies, Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin. This 233-page 75,000-word book is available online in standard PDF format. The book contains chapters on: "The Creative Industries: Definitions, Quantification and Practice"; "Methodology and Ideology in the Evaluation of Cultural Investments"; "The Question of Quality in a Comparison of British and German Theatre"; "The Creative Industries and Cultural Politics in Britain from the 1960s to Cool Britannia"; and "From Gentlemanly Publishing to Conglomerates: The Contemporary Literary Field in the UK", among others. There is no index. There is a list of contributors at the end of the book, including email contact addresses.
Cultural transfers in the long 18th century is the mouthpiece of an Anglo-French academic network which seeks to coordinate scholarly discussion and research on little-investigated but crucial factors in the development of thinking during the Enlightenment. Cooperation between British, French and other academics is initiated by colloquia, online tools, the publication of collective works, and promised databases of research resources. Founded in 2006, this interdisciplinary project is funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and the Agence Nationale de la Recherche. The researchers affiliated with this project examine how Enlightenment ideas were transmitted as much as they scrutinize the ideas themselves. Their focus spans the late 17th to the early 19th centuries and views the Enlightenment as a "result of exchanges, interactions and movements of people, goods and texts across national, linguistic and cultural frontiers." This site lists calls for papers and paper abstracts from recent and upcoming affiliated workshops. Names and research interests of project participants are also posted, as is the project newsletter.
Cultures of Knowledge is the website of a project funded by the Andrew W Mellon Foundation. The project website is hosted by the Faculty of History at the University of Oxford, whose partners in the project include institutions in the UK; Wales; Hungary; the Czech Republic; and Poland. The aim of the project is to catalogue and edit the Bodleian Library's archives of correspondence of some of the 17th century's leading men of science, and make these widely available to international scholars. It is ultimately hoped that the project will enable international collaboration and study into the intellectual history of the period. The website provides information on: the aims of the project; the partner institutions; resources held at the Bodleian (including brief biographies of: John Aubrey; John Wallis; Edward Lhwyd; and Martin Lister); events and details of how to get involved in this work; and related links and bibliographies. This site would interest those working in: English; history of science; and history.
'Darwin 200' is the website of a national event in the UK, which aims to celebrate the 200th birthday of the scientist Charles Darwin. The website has been created by the Natural History Museum and has a full description of the project, its aims, and partner events such as a BBC 'Darwin season' on television. There is also an events listing which is searchable by keyword or can be filtered by place. Visitors to the website can create their own customised programme of events. The website also has a guide to online Darwin resources, and an interactive map of "Darwin's Britain". This may be a useful website for those studying media coverage of science, public understanding of controversy in scientific history, and the role of the arts in contemporary science education.
The Democracy in America website provides access to a full-text electronic version of Alexis de Tocqueville’s Democracy in America, and also explores issues raised in and relating to the book. The site has been created by the American Studies Program at the University of Virginia and presents an interesting variety of information. The available information is divided into the following sections: tour of de Tocqueville’s America in 1831; de Tocqueville’s America in 1997; race in 1831; everyday life in 1831; American religion in 1831; American women 1820-1842; European perspectives on American democracy; representative voices: de Tocqueville’s informants; inland navigation – connecting the New Republic; the Hudson River – a new American landscape; the new American character: Southwestern humorists; the Grand Tour comes home; European Travelers in America: 1830-1840; and mapping America: the 1840 Census.
Depicting Devotion is an online exhibition hosted by Washington University Libraries, in collaboration with: the Saint Louis Art Museum; Saint Louis University; and the Saint Louis Public Library. The exhibition describes the various parts of a medieval book of hours, with images from Washington Universities Special Collections holdings to illustrate each section. The exhibition also provides an introduction and a short essay on the history of the manuscript in France, as well as a bibliography. The images can be enlarged for better viewing, but are often still not large enough to show detail. The site would be a good introduction to the subject for students of medieval iconography, as well as those studying western manuscripts.
The site "Dictionary of the History of Ideas" is published as part of the University of Virginia Library's Electronic Text Center, and provides an online copy of the Dictionary of the History of Ideas, edited by Philip P. Wiener in 1973-1974. The dictionary has been reproduced here in its entirety and can be searched by keyword or browsed alphabetically, by subject, or by author. The Dictionary of Ideas provides over 300 entries on the development of key ideas in Western thought, across a range of subjects. These are nature, humanity, art, history, politics, religion and philosophy, and math and logic. Users can also read the original preface, and an updated one for the electronic version.
This website forms a digital archives of political poster art from Cuba, China, the United States, and other countries, with supplemental articles and resource links. For the more well-known symbols (for example, the symbol for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in the United Kingdom or commonly known as the 'peace' symbol in the rest of the world) has a detailed essay on its history, origins, designer and use. The website's aim is to create a responsible digital repository of the significant visual sources in history, and to document and catalogue their designs, uses, and meanings in an accurate fashion.
This website, Druckgraphische Buchillustrationen des 15. Jahrhundert (Printed Book Illustrations of the 15th century), is one of several online resources prepared by the Münchener Digitalisierungszentrum (MDZ) at the Bavarian State Library. The site presents scanned illustrations from some 76 incunabula from German-speaking countries, thereby preserving and making available documents from the period when printing was invented. The illustrations reflect the technological and cultural advances of the time and are influenced by the late Gothic art style; most images are black and white woodcuts, some with later colouring. There are information sheets on each incunabulum, with publishing and bibliographical information and short abstracts on each source. Users can browse the site to see the individual scanned pages within each source, bringing up a wealth of images that will be helpful for historians and scholars in German Studies who are working on this period. Users can also search the site's catalogue according to themes, images and bibliographical information. The thematic search engine is quite valuable here in aiding research, as it allows users to compare different depictions of animals, plants or cities as presented by different artists and printing houses.
The Early Book Society (EBS) website provides information on the Society's aims, membership, publications and items of related interest. The Society grew out of sessions run at the International Congress on Medieval Studies (Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo) in the 1980s, and exists to bring together all those involved in any aspect of the study of early printed books and manuscripts across the world. The Society currently has over 400 members worldwide. The current edition of the Society's newsletter is available (as a PDF file) on the website, as are: details of the Society's officers, membership information, details of the EBS mailing list, upcoming events and links to related websites.
The website "Early photographically illustrated boks", which is part of the British Library's Online Gallery, makes available 1,500 images of early photographic illustrations. Photography, as a new technology, was an exciting way of illustrating books, and was increasingly used after the 1840s. Later in the century the photographs themselves became the focus of such publications. The images presented here cover a vast variety of subjects, including: towns and buildings in Britain and Ireland; portraits; scenic views and landscapes; works of art and architecture; figure groups; and many more. The collection include images taken by pioneers of the technology such as Francis Frith. The photographs document the cultural interests of the Victorian era, and also depict many places and buildings that no longer exist (for example, in London, where many buildings have been destroyed by war or redevelopment). They are an invaluable source for the study of local history, and for Victorian cultural and social history. This site will be appreciated by all researchers with an interest in the period. The entire Online Gallery site can be searched by keyword. This collection can also be browsed using the list of thumbnail images, which can be sorted by date or title. Each image can be clicked to access the item page, which provides bibliographical information and a descriptive text, which frequently includes the contemporary commentary of the photographs. Large versions of the images are provided, as are images with zoom and pan functions.
The website of the Early Printed Books project describes the aims of the project (for which funding ended in 2002). The project originated in order to raise general awareness of collections of early printed books held by the Oxford colleges. During the project, foreign books printed before 1800 and held in Oxford libraries outside the Bodleian, were catalogued and added to OLIS (Oxford University's electronic library catalogue) and COPAC (the national combined electronic library catalogue). Catalogue records include author and title information, and also elements to assist researchers, such as details of: editors; translators; illustrators; engravers; printers and publishers; date and place of publication; and subject. This project received funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP). The site includes links to resources useful for cataloguers and others interested in early printed books and special collections.
The website "Editora Mandruvá" is an ejournal collaboration between many prestigious universities from Europe and South America, including: University of Porto, University of São Paulo; Federal University of São Paulo, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Universidad Autónoma in Madrid, Universidad Autònoma in Barcelona, and J. W.Goethe Universität Frankfurt. The site contains articles in Portuguese, Spanish, Catalan, English and German, published by the online journals of the departments of these universities. These online journals appear to have started up in the late 1990s, and eleven of them are available on the website in a full-text downloadable format. Most of the online journals cover disciplines of the humanities,covering educational history, philosophy,literary criticism and creative writing. One separate site calls the user's attention to new issues, while another one lists books published by project collaborators. The site also boasts a 'special collections' section, which focuses on certain themes actively researched by the partner universities. One of the themes is mediaeval literature, while 'signatures' gathers articles written by particular author or researcher.Finally, the site allows the reader to perform searches by freely chosen search terms. This site is a particularly useful source for researchers of general humanities and literature, but may also be useful for electrical engineers and lawyers as the full-text periodicals also cover these subjects.
The 'Eighteenth Century England' website presents a collection of projects created by final year literature students at the University of Michigan in the United States. The aim of each project is to create a multimedia learning resource on an aspect of eighteenth-century cultural history. There are currently fifty-four projects available from the site covering topics such as advertising, marriage, capital punishment and food. As well as providing access to the student projects the site has research advice for students. Some of this advice is specific to the students carrying out projects for this site but much of it is of a more general nature and includes, for example, information on how to create a bibliography, how to carry out research using both print and electronic sources, and on creating a website. Although some of the sources take a more humorous approach (for example, magical time portals to the eighteenth century), the site is generally of a high standard.
Electronic Enlightenment is a substantial scholarly project of the University of Oxford's Humanities Division, available online via Oxford University Press. This subscription resource offers unrivalled online access to correspondence from the long 18th century (approximately 1688 to 1815, though some earlier and later materials are included). At time of writing, over 53,000 letters and other documents from almost 6,000 correspondents were available, with twice yearly updates promised. The authors include great thinkers such as John Locke; David Hume; Jeremy Bentham; and Adam Smith; plus a host of other scholars; politicians; writers; artists; churchmen; members of the professions; and society figures. The letters are taken from the best critical editions, and feature nearly 230,000 scholarly annotations. Works in a variety of languages (including Italian, French, and German in addition to English) are available, and some of the material is previously unpublished. Users can browse the collection, or make use of the sophisticated search tools. Although still in its early stages, this project should prove a valuable resource to the study of the 18th century across numerous disciplines.
The Electronic Manipulus Florum Project aims to provide a complete online edition of Thomas of Ireland's medieval work of reference, the 'Manipulus Florum' (Handful of Flowers). This work was widely circulated in both manuscript and print form during the Middle Ages and Early Modern period, and is an example of a genre of text known as 'florilegia', or anthologies of quotations. Currently around 1800 quotations (about 30 percent of the text) have been edited and are available via an alphabetical index, with more transcribed from the 1493/5 Venice edition available in PDF format. The Project (particularly the critical edition) is still ongoing, with a search engine due to be provided towards the end of 2008, and Italian, German and French translations of the supporting webpages to follow thereafter. The site provides a timetable for the project; progress updates; sections on three of the major early printed editions of the texts; a set of related links; and a guest book. This site would be a useful resource for students of manuscript/book history, and medieval literature.
This informative and useful website provides online access to electronic resources relating to medieval philosophy and philosophical studies. The website is simply designed, with a number of links to the various sections of the site (including: manuscripts; edited texts; biographies; and information pages). There is, moreover, the option to search the entire website by keyword. Each of the broad categories mentioned above have a vast amount of information on online resources, with clickable direct links. This website will be of invaluable use to anyone interested in medieval philosophy in general, or specific medieval philosophers/philosophies.
The Elizabeth Nesbitt Room is based at the Information Sciences Library at the University of Pittsburgh, and houses various special collections relating to children's literature and the history of children. The Elizabeth Nesbitt Room website provides information on the physical collections, as well as online bibliographies and electronic images relating to the materials they cover, including: the American Sunday School Union; chapbooks (including full texts of: Aesop's Fables; Cinderella; and Aladdin among others); a project showcasing important 19th and 20th-century children's book illustrators (including Beatrix Potter and Arthur Rackham); 19th-century juvenile magazines; and a biography and bibliography of Samuel Goodrich (author of early American school text books). The site also provides a brief history of the Nesbitt Room. This resource would be useful for those studying 19th and 20th-century children's literature, as well as English literature or history of publishing and books.
The website "Equipe de Recherche de Médiévistique" belongs to the CNRS research team on the Middle Ages affiliated with the Universite de Nancy 2. This research unit brings together medievalists, historians, linguists and archeologists from Universite de Nancy 2 in collaboration with researchers from other universities in France, such as Strasbourg, Metz and Reims. The site gives details of the current research projects of the team, which focus on medieval manuscript studies, diplomatics and codicology, medieval archives and online applications for medieval studies. There are also sections dedicated to publications, with introductions of books and volumes, and to the participation in other projects. This information is of interest to advanced researchers in the field of medieval studies and manuscript studies.
The website "EHSET: European Society for the History of Economic Thought" is the homepage of this association which promotes research into the history of economic thought in Europe, taking account of different traditions and languages. Non-members can access almost all sections of the site. ESHET organises conferences to facilitate communication between scholars, and fund academic prizes to encourage future work, all of which are advertised on the site. The website includes the publications by the society and by its members. The mailing list archive and discussions are linked from the site. The website also includes a members directory along with an online membership application form. There is a good list of links.
This society is an organisation for academics, whose aims are to promote teaching and research in the history of economic thought in Europe, with respect to various traditions and languages, to investigate innovative methods in teaching, and to forge links with national economic societies and organisations for the history of economic thought inside and outside Europe. This site alerts users to ESHET conferences, publishes a newsletter and lists some publications by its members.
'Perceptions of Europe and European ideas in the 17th century' (Europabegriffe und Europavorstellungen im 17. Jahrhundert) is a subsite of the Department of History at the University of Vienna. The aim of the project is to provide access to titles of previously unexplored historical sources from the seventeenth century in an online database. The main language of the site is German, but good English, French and Spanish overviews are provided. The project description includes partner online databases on 16th century European printed sources with a bibliography but the links to the web pages of the University in Munich were broken at the time of review. The project aims to create a large inventory of printed sources dealing with "Europe" at large, using 18 themes, including: descriptions of states; history of states; political situation in Europe; geographical description in Europe; and literature. A section is dedicated to 'authors' of the works included in the database, listed alphabetically. The 'Kurztitle' lists alphabetically the titles of the works, some of which have full transcriptions or digitised images (marked with T and B respectively) accompanying the description of the source and its relevance to the project. An essay by the project coordinator, Wolfgang Schmale, on Matthäus Merian, 'Theatrum Europaeum' is published on the site. A full-text search engine enables a search through the entire corpus of texts. Links to relevant projects and exhibitions are offered. The site links to the web page of the 16th century encyclopedia (Enzyklopädie 16. Jahrhundert) to which members of the University of Vienna project contribute.
This website forms an online history course, run by Professor Ellis L. "Skip" Knox at Boise State University, on the Renaissance in European history (classed as running from 1300 to the start of the Reformation in 1517 on the website). Although aimed primarily at his own students, the website provides very valuable information to all interested in the Renaissance. The website is an excellent example of a completely online history course: all information relating to the course structure, and high-quality learning materials can be found here. The learning materials are split into thematic approaches to the Renaissance (politics, society, religion, economy and culture) and each of these sections has essays written by Professor Knox along with various relating primary sources. There are also various resource sections which provide maps, time-lines, bibliographies, and general reference information. The major focus of the website is on France, England, the Empire and the Italian States.
'The European Enlightenment' is designed as a student introduction to the key events and intellectual developments in European history during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Beginning with a discussion of what exactly the enlightenment was and when it could reasonably be said to have begun, the site moves on to examine a number of relevant topics. Many of these topics are discussed in some detail. There are pages on: English seventeenth-century history (including the English Civil War, Oliver Cromwell, The Restoration, and the 'Glorious Revolution'); seventeenth-century enlightenment thought (Hobbes, Locke, and Spinoza); there are separate pages on Descartes, Rousseau, and Pascal; a page on the Scientific Revolution (Francis Bacon, Isaac Newton); eighteenth-century social developments; the French and British 'Philosophes' (Rousseau, Voltaire, Diderot, Montesquieu, Hume, Adam Smith, Edward Gibbon). There are also pages on the position of women within society, notions of absolute monarchy, and on the early stages of the industrial revolution. The site also features a selection of resources to assist students. These include a gallery of famous paintings from the period, a reader, a glossary of terms, and a list of links to other sites. The enlightenment reader reproduces excerpts from texts by Descartes, John Milton, Rousseau, Voltaire, and Adam Smith. All texts are in English. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is one of the more comprehensive units in the series. It is targeted primarily at first year undergraduate students.
This is a History of the Book website, providing a selection of texts on book history in the British Isles. The focus of most of the texts included in the site is the West of England, the County of Devon in particular. There are biographical dictionaries of book trade personnel, and indexes to those working in the book trade gathered from such sources as apprentice records, insurance policies, and lists of bankrupts. The site also offers lists of Devon imprints and a history of the book in Devon from earliest times to 2000. The site overall is particularly strong in its coverage of the later 18th century.
The site dedicated to the manuscripts and rarities in the University Library of the Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE) in Budapest describes the holdings of the library and provides the digitised versions of 36 medieval codices. The digitisation project includes 8 Hungarian and 28 Latin manuscripts as well as a fourteenth century early illuminated manuscript of the Divina Commedia (Cod. Ital. 1), which is one of the main assets of the library. Each digitised manuscript has a library description of its author; date of creation; codicological data; and library catalogue number. Permanent URLs have been assigned to each digitised version. The quality of the images is very good although they cannot be enlarged. Among the manuscripts in the collections of this library the site mentions the handwritten catalogues of documents compiled by Jesuits scholars in the eighteenth century, particularly the ones written by György Pray. Volume no. 30 of his books is also digitised and available online. The rarities in the library include early books and incunabulae but these are merely described on the site.
This website describes an AHRC-funded research project using the unique archives of Swiss publishing house, Société Typographique de Neuchâtel (STN) to “map the French book trade across late-Enlightenment Europe in order to chart best-selling texts and authors; reading tastes across Europe; changing patterns of demand over time; and networks of exchange in the print-trade”. The project aims to create a freely accessible database allowing comparisons of reading tastes across international borders and enable to future researches to study specific areas the pan-European Enlightenment book trade without the need to “mine the totality of the original archive”. At the time of writing, the project (which began in 2007) was working to publication of results of a pilot study.
This website, created by Dave Romagnolo, provides access to the texts of Marxists from Marx to Mao. The main part of the site is divided into four sections providing access to texts from Marx and Engels, Lenin, Stalin, and Mao. The site also has a section entitled other texts and documents which provides access to material written by lesser know Marxists and from Communist Parties. The site also has a ‘what’s new’ section, a ‘what’s coming’ section, and a guide to reading section. The guide to reading section on the site provides suggestions for reading material on the site relating different topics such as The Agrarian Question, The Communist International and Economics and Politics of Imperialism.
GASHE allows searching across the archives of ten of Scotland's higher education Institutions. Its chief aim is to facilitate research into Scotland's intellectual, educational and cultural history. The collections are catalogued according to international standards and contain well over a million items, including diverse materials in varying media. For each collection, the following information is recorded: a reference code; the title of the collection; the dates covered by the collection; administrative history; scope and content; system of arrangement; repository; and the conditions of access and use. The online catalogue of collection descriptions can be browsed by contributing institution, or searched using a freetext search or via a series of indexes of subjects, place, people and institutions/organisations. A small gallery of photographs of records held by the various HE institutions is provided, along with detailed project information. The GASHE project received funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP) between 1999 and 2002 and from the Arts and Humanities Research Council from 2003 to 2006.
The website "Gazette du livre médiéval" is the online edition of this quarterly bulletin published by the Association Paléographique Internationale: Culture, Écriture, Société (APICES). This journal has been in print since 1982 and represents the contribution of medievalists from various countries. The website provides access to an online journal subscription form, a browsable list of tables of contents for all the journal issues from the beginning to the most current, and links to the full-text of selected articles from various issues. There is a selection of articles, grouped under different categories. The site has a bibliography section, which offers access to a bibliography of manuscript collection catalogues, and a bibliography of manuscripts published in facsimile. The entire datafile can be downloaded in compressed text file.
The Global Economic History Network (GEHN) working papers are selected full-text dissertations written as part of the Department of Economic History Masters Programme in Global History at the LSE in London. These papers date from 2004 to 2006 and may be freely downloaded in PDF format. Among the titles available are: 'East and West: Textiles and Fashion in Eurasia in the Early Modern Period'; 'The World Coffee Market in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, from Colonial to National Regimes'; and 'Wu-Wei in Europe. A Study of Eurasian Economic Thought', among others. In total there are 24 papers at June 2009. Those which merited a Distinction are marked with an asterisk. This may be an interesting resource for those investigating historical global systems.
The website 'The Glorious Revolution of 1688' is a personal project based on the research and works of two of the members of the law school from the University of Georgia. The site is 'intended to serve as a permanent collection of materials covering the period in English History known as the Glorious Revolution.' A chronology of the events, beginning with death of King Charles II and accession to throne of King James II, is the main resource of this site. There is an important caveat to the usage of old-style and new-style dating systems in England, Scotland and Ireland, and on the continent. The encyclopaedia is an impressive range of data concerning individual persons and events from the 1680s, arranged in alphabetical order. Entries vary in length. The section of Quotations has nine quotations illustrating the authors' concern with the need of a historical culture for lawyers. The bibliography dates from 2002, while some of the links to external sites are broken. The site has potential for students.
The website for the Getty Museum has provided this online resource on the exhibition held at the Getty Villa from 7 August to 27 October 2008 on ‘Grecian Taste and Roman Spirit: The Society of the Dilettanti’. The exhibition featured portraits, sculptures, drawings and rare books to illustrate the first 100 years of the Dilettanti Society, which, founded in 1734, promoted the study of ancient Greek and Roman art and antiquities, and sponsored the creation of new artwork in the Classical style. As well as a slideshow, which discusses ten highlights from the exhibition, this website also provides information on the history of the Dilettanti. Audio files are attached to some of the images, which illustrate this site.
The Gutenberg Bible at the Ransom Center is a website that focuses on the copy of the Gutenberg Bible held by the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center at the University of Texas at Austin. The Gutenberg Bible was printed in 1454-5, and was the first book to be printed with movable type. This beautifully designed site, hosted by the Ransom Center itself, details the history of the Gutenberg Bible and provides sample digital page images (additionally, a CD-ROM of all 1,282 individual pages of the Center's copy is now available to buy online). Section headings on the site include: Digital Gutenberg Images; The Book before Gutenberg; Johann Gutenberg; The Printing of the Bible; Anatomy of a Page; Selected Passages; and the Digital Gutenberg Project. This site will be helpful to scholars and students in the fields of: book history; theology; medieval studies, and anyone with an interest in incunabula and the history of early printing.
H-ideas is a moderated discussion list covering the broad topic of the history of ideas and intellectual history. The list is open to scholars, students, librarians, and to anyone else who has an interest in participating in the discussion of these areas. The two main aims of the discussion list are to assist communication and debate amongst the international history community, and to disseminate information relevant to the professional interests of the community. The types of information made available via the list include teaching methods, and details of scholarly conferences and publications. H-ideas also commissions book reviews, which are available from the site. It is possible to search or browse the discussion archives.
The Chaucer Scriptorium was created by Professor Michael Hanly of Washington State University, as an aid to his students' study on Chaucer. Although somewhat dated (it was created in 1996), it is a useful source for students of English literature and the medieval period in general. The site is divided into sections: 'Chaucer Resources on the Web'; 'Reference Resources for Chaucer Students'; and 'Web Bibliographies'. The first section consists of a set of annotated links relating to Chaucer and the Middle Ages, while the reference resources are comprised of: definitions of important medieval philosophical concepts; an outline of major events in the 14th century; and links to sound files to help with Middle English pronunciation. The final section links to a number of very helpful sites hosting annotated bibliographies relating to Chaucer studies. To add to this, Hanly also provides a few photographs from Canterbury Cathedral, including images of: the Beckett window; the tomb of the Black Prince; and the former site of Beckett's shrine.
Harvard Classics is an online anthology of classics which consists of the 50 volumes of '5-Foot Shelf Books' and 20 volumes of 'Shelf of Fiction'. The collection covers a wide range of literary figures, historical and religious documents, philosophers and thinkers. The '5-foot Shelf Books' includes such major figures as: Confucius; Saint Augustine; Sophocles; Cicero; Vergil; Plato; Bacon; Hobbes; Rousseau; Machiavelli; Darwin; Benjamin Franklin; and Ralf Waldo Emerson. The major religions are represented by Buddhist, Christian, Confucian, Hebrew, Hindu, and Mohammedan texts. There are also volumes devoted to old sagas, stories, poetry and drama, and among the authors included are: Homer; Chaucer; Dante; Goethe; Milton; Cervantes; Racine; Moliere; Shakespeare; Marlowe; Esop; Hans Christian Andersen; Byron; and Whitman. Another volume contains American historical documents. There are also volumes of essays, prefaces and prologues to famous books, scientific papers, and travel literature. The 'Shelf of Fiction' contains 20 volumes of modern novels, romances and short stories written in the late 18th and 19th century. More than half of the works represent English and American literature, but there are also works from Russian, French, German, Spanish and Scandinavian literature. In addition, the Harvard Classics are supplemented by the Harvard Lectures, authoritative essays covering topics from Ancient History to Philosophy and Religion, Poetry and Natural Science. The Shelf of Fiction has introductory chapters on the literature presented, biographical notes on the authors, and critical essays on the selected works.
The website 'Hilandar Research Library and Resource Center for Medieval Slavic Studies' is the homepage of the library and research centre based at the Ohio State University. The Hilandar Library (HLR) has the largest collection of medieval Slavonic manuscripts on microfilm in the world. The collection contains over two million pages of manuscript material including early Slavonic and Greek manuscripts from the Monastery of the same name. The Cyrillic manuscripts originate from major public and private collections in Russia, Poland, Hungary and Bulgaria. Over 700 early Cyrillic printed books have been copied onto microfilm and the library provides a specialised reference collection. Access to over half of the manuscripts is available online through an online catalogue (Oscar) and many can be copied for academic purposes. The Polata knigopisnaia, a guide to early Slavic texts, can also be searched via the Knowledge Bank of the Ohio State University Library. Links are given to other Slavonic centres and access is provided to the Hilandar Research Library Newsletter. The Research Center for Medieval Slavic Studies (RCMSS) works closely with the HRL, supporting research into the culture, linguistisc and history of medieval Slavic languages. This is an important site for those wishing to access documents online and those wishing to locate manuscripts.
In this article Wm. Roger Louis, who was at the time the President of the American Historical Association, talks about historians who have influenced his work. Wm. Roger Louis studied initially in the United States and then later in Britain. The article covers historians who he met in the course of his studies and professional life, including: A.J.P Taylor; Margery Perham; Ronald Robinson; Jack Gallagher; Albert Hourani; and Max Beloff. This article was published in Perspectives Online, which is the electronic news magazine of the American Historical Association. This newsletter publishes news items, details of events, information on American Historical Association activities, letters, and articles.
Professor Don Mabry's "Historical Text Archive" is a wide-ranging directory of texts, articles and images which pertain to random subjects in History. The author is an academic at Mississippi State University. The site is of use to anyone interested in History and is arranged by geography and theme, including sections on: the Persian Gulf War; Science History; Psycho History; Africa; Islamic History; the USA; Womens' History; Terrorism; and many more. However, coverage varies and whilst for example there are over forty references for European History, other areas contain only three or four items. The material ranges from digitalisation of complete books, to articles penned by the site's author. There is also a helpful section of essay questions, and book recommmendations by Amazon. This site has won over twenty awards, but is a rather random collection of material, with no visible collection policy.
This is the website of the Center for Cooperative Research - a research institute devoted to the study and facilitation of revolutionary historical change. The philosophy of the centre is that neither individuals nor ideas shape history, but technologies and economic systems. Analysis of the War on Terrorism is particularly strongly represented on the site. The background to the attack on World Trade Center and its consequences - including information about US Government support for Bin Laden, the Taliban, and Iraq's biological weapons programme - is painstakingly examined. Each detail is backed up by a short introductory essay, fact-sheets (in a number of formats, time-lines, comprehensive chronologies, newspaper and magazine articles, government press releases, interviews etc.
This website has been created by Steven Kreis for post-16 and undergraduate students. It contains complete contents listings for three undergraduate courses in European history and is divided into 90 lectures, from ancient Sumer to the fall of Soviet-style communism in 1989. All the lectures are divided into four topics: ancient and medieval European history; early modern European history; modern European intellectual history; and 20th century Europe. It contains an extremely useful guide for historians and another introductory historiographical section which defines history. Lectures on modern European intellectual history concentrate mainly on the French revolution and the development of ideologies, while lectures on 20th century Europe cover topics such as: the Russian October revolution and its influence; totalitarian regimes of Stalin and Hitler; and the origins of the Cold War. The lecture on George Orwell and the Last Man in Europe, which is about the writer's drafting of '1984,' is of special note. All the texts contain highlighted names and historical events, which users can click on to gain access to other websites covering the people and events concerned. For example, the lecture on the aftermath of the Bolshevik revolution provides links to biographies of Lenin and Trotsky and full-texts of the English versions of important documents, such as: The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and the Decree on Peace; materials on the Russian civil war; and war communism.
The history of economic thought website has been developed by Gonçalo Fonseca and Leanne Ussher of the Economics Department at New School University. The site concentrates on providing information about schools of economic thought and individual economists. The site has an alphabetical list of individual economists. Information on the economists includes details of their publications with links to online full-text sources where available. Links to information held at other institutions are also provided in some cases. The site also has information on different schools of economic thought. These are divided into: schools of political economy (ancient – 1871); neoclassical schools (1871 – today); alternative schools and thematic schools. Information about the school, its literature and economists is included. The site also has a section of essays and surveys which outline some of the theories and models of economic thought. Other features of the website include a list of links to other relevant websites, references and contact details.
This is the website of the History of Intellectual Culture - a peer reviewed academic electronic journal. The rubrik of the journal is to publish and further discussion of 'research on the socio-historical contexts of ideas and ideologies and their relationships to community and state formation, physical environments, human and institutional agency, personal and collective identity, and lived experience.' Recent articles cover the following subjects: Building a Department of Adult Education at the University of British Columbia, 1957-1977; rights, Justice, Power: Gendered Perspectives on Prohibition in Late Nineteenth-Century Canada; The Possibility of an Interdisciplinary Poetic Pedagogy: Re-Conceiving Knowing and Being. The full-text of articles are available in HTML and PDF. The review is published once a year, with the first issue dating from 2001. Submission guidelines are available on the site. There is information on the editorial board, an alphabetic index of the contributors, a features and news section for each year.
The History of Medieval and Renaissance Europe Web page forms part of the larger EuroDocs site which was created at the Brigham Young University by Richard Hacken. EuroDocs offers provides access and links to selected primary source documents as: transcriptions; facsimiles; or translations. Documents and sites are selected on the basis that they offer access to primary source material relating to key historical events. The History of Medieval and Renaissance Europe page provides links to individual documents and gateways. The links (some of which are annotated) are arranged in chronological order, which makes browsing a lengthy process, but a search engine is provided. The linked resources are in a number of languages, including: Latin; English; Italian; French; and German, and cover a wide range of subjects, such as: literature; church history; law; and manuscript studies. Users who feel they can contribute to the website are encouraged to apply for a login which will enable them to edit the wiki for this site. Editing access is confined only to those individuals who have been authenticated. Students and researchers working in the Medieval and Early Modern periods will find many useful links on these pages.
History-ideas is an email discussion list that is intended for the discussion of intellectual history, history of ideas and sociology of knowledge. Information about events such as conferences are also distributed via the list. It is necessary to register before posting to the list; once registered, it is possible to browse the message archive by month. It is also possible to search the archive by keyword. The messages can be searched in their entirety or a search can be carried out on the author address or the subject heading of the message. It is also possible to restrict a search by date. The list is hosted by JISCmail, the UK national academic mailing list service. Visitors to the history-heritage list can join or leave the list and view list archives, dating back to September 1998; these archives can be viewed by non-list members.
The website of the Hockliffe Project consists of a fully searchable catalogue of the Hockliffe Collection of early British children's books held at De Montfort University. The project's aim is to promote the study of early British children's literature, and the collection contains books published between the 1680s and the 1940s (with the majority of books were published between 1780 and 1840). From the catalogue, users have access to digital images of all or parts of more than 250 books. The images are accompanied by critical and contextualising essays. The site also includes an essay introducing early British children's literature, and pages of links to other useful Internet resources in the field. The project originally received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme. This resource would be of interest to those studying the history of the book and also English literature.
The website of the Holinshed Project gives information on the project's aims and current activities. The project's ultimate aim (subject to future funding) is to produce a new fifteen-volume edition of Raphael Holinshed's 'Chronicles', a history of England written in the 16th century, thought to have been a major source for some of Shakespeare's most famous plays. Currently the project is developing a parallel electronic edition of two versions of the Chronicles, printed in 1577 and 1587 (to be placed on the website when completed) as well as a handbook to the Chronicles and a series of working papers. The website provides a number of papers, as well as: a description of the project; a selection of sample texts from the books; a bibliography (in progress); and some related links. This site would be of interest to early modern history scholars, as well as those studying English Literature and the history of the book.
Human Rights is a new online exhibition from The National Archives, which traces the development of rights in Great Britain from the granting of Magna Carta in 1215 to the development of the Welfare State in 1945. This interesting and accessible website will be useful for anyone studying the development of rights, for example in relation to voting, education, trade unions or women. Human Rights is attractively illustrated with digitised images of documents held at The National Archives, including the 1225 version of Magna Carta, a poster of the 'Peterloo Massacre' of 1819 and a leaflet describing the force feeding of Suffragettes in 1909. Where necessary, a full English transcription of the document is provided. The website is divided into six sections, each covering a specific time period, with its own timeline and images. There is a glossary of terms used and an index to the manuscripts.
The Humanities Research Institute is a consortium of technology-related research projects from within the University of Sheffield's Faculty of Arts. Their core mission is to use new technologies to formulate and investigate research questions in the humanities which cannot be easily answered by the use of conventional methodologies. The cultural material in electronic form can range from medieval literary manuscripts, public records and early printed books through to modern music manuscripts, novel holographs and scientific writings. "They are conceived and published electronically to give the widest possible access to primary research materials, which would otherwise be available only to scholars travelling to the world's greatest libraries." This online service includes links to the following projects: André Gide Editions; Bakhtin Centre; Cotton Catalogue; East Asian Languages; Fairbank Archive; Flora Tristan; French Stars; Hartlib Papers; Hebrew Dictionary; Hospice History; Illuminated Manuscripts; John Foxe; Latin Stemmer; National Fairground Archive; Pérez Galdós Editions; SciPer; Strafford Papers; Stuart London.
This is a digital version of an exhibition on early Venetian books held at Brigham Young University in 1995, which celebrated the quincentenary of the founding of the Aldine Press. The text of this version is taken from the exhibition catalogue. The exhibition was divided into six sections, which are outlined in the Preface. These sections are: Greek and Latin, covering books outlining the development of Aldus Manutius (ca. 1449-1515) the Elder's programme to promote Greek and Latin classics; Humanist, covering contemporary humanist authors including Poliziano and Bembo; Rome, illustrating the work of the press under Paulus as an official printer to the Roman Catholic Church; Manutii, the writings of the three Manutii as published by their own press; and - under the heading New World - a selection of books published by the Aldine Press and related to travel and exploration, amongst them the first Greek edition of Herodotus Historiae, dated 1502. A few of the more noteworthy of the books are highlighted in the Introduction, which outlines the contribution of Aldus and his press to the survival of many ancient texts and links to descriptions of some of them, each accompanied by a picture of the binding followed by one of the title page, where present, and in some cases a selection of other pages. Dimensions provided are those of the text pages, height followed by width.
The website 'In Our Time' complements the popular BBC Radio 4 programme of the same name, presented by Renaissance-style intellectual Melvyn Bragg, who always endeavours to hold more than his own with three guests investigating the history of ideas. The series aims to examine topics in History, Philosophy, Science, and Religion. The intellectual agenda is often applied to relevant discussions of contemporary events. The website allows the user to listen to archived programmes of the current series and a selection of the best of the previous series. There is also a quiz to test knowledge of previous topics. Subjects covered by Bragg and his impressive range of guests include: Proust; Virtue - is it derived from reason?; The examined life - is an unexamined life worth living?; notions of duty; the idea of the soul; the philosophy of Wittgenstein; freedom; the history of drugs; and John Milton - poet or politician? Philosophy has a separate section with resources, where a top 20 nominations, a timeline, and a quiz are part of the offer. There are links to related sites within the BBC website, that may be of interest to the user. The presenter Melvyn Bragg is profiled, and there is an opportunity to sign up to receive an email newsletter from him.
Incunabula and the Keio University Library Collection is a website highlighting the University's collection of early printed books. The University's holdings are not extensive, but contain such important works as a Bible printed by Johann Gutenberg and 'Chronicles of England' printed by William Caxton. The website consists of an introduction to the University's collection, and a 'table of incunabula' - a list of around 60 works, each accompanied by a thumbnail. Clicking on these thumbnails produces a bibliographical description of the volume owned by the University, together with a more general description of the text, and selected digital images from the printed book. These last can be enlarged by clicking on the thumbnails provided, but it should be noted that there are problems with this function in some Web browsers. The works are listed in the table in order of acquisition, which can be a little confusing. This site would be of interest to students of printing history and medieval studies.
The Infancy of Printing is an online exhibition relating to the history of early printing up to 1501. The exhibition, hosted by the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee Libraries, highlights the incunabula held by the Golda Meir Library in particular, and is illustrated with images of items from its small collection of early printed books. exhibition is prefaced by a short overview of the Library's collection, and an explanation of how the exhibition was created. The main exhibition is divided into three parts: 'The Manuscript Tradition and the Transition to Printing'; 'Sacred Texts'; and 'Secular Texts'. 'The Manuscript Tradition and the Transition to Printing' focuses on the work of Johan Gutenberg and its similarity to contemporary manuscripts. 'Sacred Texts' highlights texts such as: 'De Civitate Dei' by St Augustine; the Latin Bible; and Pope Gregory IX's 'Decretales'. The discussion of 'Secular Texts' includes works such as Caxton's printing of 'The Canterbury Tales' and Anton Koberger's edition of 'De Imagine Mundi' among others. The exhibition is rounded off by a section entitled: 'The World of the Renaissance Print Shop', by Merry Wiesner-Hanks, which is the text of a public lecture given by Wiesner-Hanks in association with the exhibition. This site would make a good introduction to incunabula and to early printing for those with a general interest or for history students new to the topic.
The website of The Institut d'histoire du livre introduces this research and cultural institution based in Lyons and founded in 2001. The Institute's site provides information on the history of the book and related fields. As Tools, the website includes a searchable database of Book history on the web and a directory of book museums in Europe. The site also offers: a conference diary, including information about submitting papers; lists of courses at the Institute; and access to a database on book auction catalogues between 1680-1811 in France. The archives give information on past event: conferences, lectures and seminars. Publications of the site include the full texts of some of the public lectures held at the institute. The site is available in French with a less complete English version.
This is the website of the Institut des Traditions Textuelles. The institute conducts interdisciplinary research in philosophy, history, history of religion, and history of science in many languages, including Greek, Latin, Hebrew, Arabic, Coptic, Ethiopian, and Syriac. It was created in 1996 by bringing together four research units of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS): Histoire des doctrines de la fin de l'Antiquité et du Haut Moyen Âge; Centre d'études des religions du livre; Centre d'histoire des sciences et des philosophies Arabes et Médiévales; Laboratoire de médiévistique occidentale de Paris. The website provides only basic details for access to the institute and its library. A separate Web page is dedicated to the collection entitled 'Textes et traditions' published by Librairie philosophique J. Vrin. There is a list of titles already published, which leads through hyperlinks to each book's title page (including a scanned image), a brief abstract and / or the table of contents.
The website Interactives: Renaissance provides a basic description of the Renaissance and its impact on later periods, culture, society and learning. The site was produced with the aim of being used in conjunction with a video series but the resources function well on their own. Sections include: discussions of exploration and trade; printing and thinking; symmetry, size and shape; and a focus on Florence. A helpful links page directs the user to more resources. Much of the information content of this site is in fact to be found on external sites, which are linked as directions to further information. This site is suitable as a basic introduction to the Renaissance, its thinking, architecture, art and Humanism for school teachers and students. The exercise Become a spice trader is a good example of how this site can make the study of history exciting and stimulate participation of the students.
Developed by Association Paléographique Internationale: Culture, Écriture, Société, the Index of Medieval Books Recently Acquired by Public Libraries provides information about new works acquired by major libraries. Works may be displayed by country, library or within a general index. The types of work acquired include: psalters; missals; brevaries; and books of hours, and a brief description is given for each item. The information is available in French and English.
The International Paper Historians' (IPH) website gives information on this society, its work, and its membership. The IPH's aim is to bring together all those working with or interested in the history of paper, such as: historians; archivists; book restorers; paper conservators; publishers; and printers. The society runs bi-annual international congresses and provides a yearbook for members, as well as facilitating international contact among those with related interests. The website provides details on: relevant forthcoming events; a list of council members; how to join the society; relevant publications; watermark standards; related museums worldwide; and related news. This site would be of interest to book and art historians, as well as anyone working professionally with books or paper.
The Internet Biblia Pauperum website provides access to an electronic version of the 'Biblia Pauperum' or 'Bible of the Poor'. The Biblia was popular in the 14th and 15th centuries and was a graphic representation of related scenes from the Old and New Testaments (with a few lines of Latin text included) as a way of explaining their content to those could not read or did not have access to books and manuscripts. The Internet Biblia Pauperum builds on a postgraduate project completed at the Univiersity of Illinois at Chicago, which initially aimed to present the Biblia to students, with the Latin text translated into modern English. The online version of the project provides a selection of the original illustrations (from medieval block books), with English translation of the Latin text revealed by rolling the cursor across the image (requires Java). Where the illustrations are not provided, diagrammatic representations of the pictures (describing the images and their position, and translating the original Latin into modern English) are provided instead. Where images are provided, sections can be enlarged for clearer viewing. Short introductions to the Biblia Pauperum and to the project itself are also provided, together with a brief bibliography. This site would be of interest to students studying medieval iconography and typology, as well as those interested in theology, bibliography and art history.
The Italian Renaissance website is intended as a student-level introduction to the key developments of the Renaissance. It begins by discussing what exactly the 'Renaissance' was, why and when it came to be so called, and how it differed from the Middle Ages. There is a page on humanism, which likewise explores its origins and character, and a page on Renaissance Neo-Platonism, looking at the history and revival of this school of philosophy. The site also describes the achievements of several influential individuals such as Pico della Mirandola, Niccolò Machiavelli, and Leonardo da Vinci. A page on architecture and public space completes the historical section of the site.
A 'resources' section provides a representative gallery of examples of Renaissance art. This includes images of works by Botticelli, da Vinci, Raphael, and Titian amongst others. Readings from the period include extracts from texts by Machiavelli, Michelangelo Buonarroti, and Pico della Mirandola. There is also an historical map of early modern Italian cities and states, and a short list of links. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates. The site has remained static for some time, but remains a useful tool.
This website, from the Claremont Colleges Digital Library, provides invaluable online access to a number of primary source correspondences from the Italian Renaissance. While the website itself is available in English, the letters are in Italian and no further information is supplied. Users without a knowledge of Italian, or early modern palaeography, may find the resources somewhat difficult to use as a result. Nonetheless, the website can be searched by keyword; or it can be browsed by author (including a number of the Medici family), by location, by subject (i.e. the information contained in the individual letters) and by general time period. The letters are arranged together (into recto and verso) and the website is very easy to navigate and use. The images themselves are of a very high quality.
Jeremy Bentham Links is a large collection of varied Internet sources for the study of Jeremy Bentham, the nineteenth-century political philosopher who created "Benthamism" based upon the theory of utilitarianism ("the greatest good for the greatest number" principle), which drove Victorian legal reformers. Although this website contains little original content, it is a very good source for those studying nineteenth-century political science, history, philosophy, or for literature students as background knowledge for prose by writers such as Charles Dickens, John Ruskin, and Thomas Carlyle. There are many links to Bentham's texts: "A Fragment of Government", "Pannomial Fragments", and others. There are links to Bentham's letters, his infamous will in which he ordered his body to be preserved and seated at a desk in a glass case, and many articles on his works.
This website presents an electronic edition of Jonathan Swift's 1710-1713 London letter-journal. Each daily entry is published, blog-style, on the equivalent day of the current year. The website is very nicely designed and contains a short biography of Swift; there is, more importantly, a 'clickable' option on the leading and significant contemporaries of Swift mentioned in each entry, which leads to short details and biographies of the figures. This aspect in particular is of high value to people unfamiliar with the major players in the early eighteenth century British political world. There are also bibliographies of relevant works (particularly new editions of Swift's works) and a chronology of Swift's life. The website takes an interesting approach to a valuable source in British political history.
The website "The Journal of Modern History" (JMH) is the electronic version of this academic journal published by the University of Chicago. The site describes JMH as the leading American review in the field of European intellectual, political, and cultural history in the modern period, from the sixteenth century onward. The full texts of issues can be accessed with a subscription, but tables of contents and sample free issues can be consulted without a charge. The journal appears in four issues a year. Issues begin with 1929 and until 1997 they can be accessed only via JSTOR. Guidelines for submissions of articles are offered to great detail. JMH publishes articles; review articles; and book reviews. Prospective authors and reviewers have to register on the site. "Most cited articles" and "Most accessed articles" are featured on the site. This is a valuable resource for students and researchers, which should be available in all major university libraries the UK.
Karl Marx / Friedrich Engels is a subsite of Stimmen der proletarischen Revolution (Voices of the Proletarian Revolution), an online compendium of primary source documents of revolutionary movements from the 19th and 20th centuries. The Marx-Engels collection here runs from 1837 to 1895. Documents are transcripts of originals in German, ranging from private letters, articles, to manuscript texts and publications. Topics of note include the Jewish Question and emancipation; anti-Semitism; the role of power in history; the working classes in England, Chartists and the Corn Laws; critiques of Hegelian legal philosophy and state law; speeches on free trade and speeches at economic congresses; commentaries on 19th century political affairs in Europe and Russia; the Communist Manifesto; Das Kapital; and remarks on the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871. This collection will prove helpful for undergraduates and postgraduates who are just starting their research and the site would also make a good teaching tool. The site has its own search engine, with which users can search through the texts of documents. Bibliographical information is posted with each transcription.
'The King's Printer Project' is a Leverhume Trust and AHRC-funded project and the website is subtitled 'Politics, Power and the Printed Word in the Reign of James I'. This multidisciplinary research project seeks to establish the networks of power and patronage that permeated the book trade of Jacobean London, and to examine the wider role of the printing press in establishing a national culture. Four international conferences on 'The Jacobean Printed Book' are being held as part of the project. The project has also placed online in full-text the "largest and most detailed tranche of documents relating to a single London printing house in the reign of James I", and this can be freely accessed on the website. The website has full details of the project, the scope, and the key researchers and funders.
The Labyrinth website consists of a collection of annotated links to resources in many different areas of medieval studies. The content concentrates particularly on: art; architecture; religion; history; languages; and literature. The links have been divided into forty-five main subject categories, which may be browsed or searched according to keyword or restricted by type of material. By this latter method, it is possible, for example, to limit the results to primary documents only. The site is continually updated and users are asked to submit new links. This resource would be useful to students or researchers studying the Middle-Ages.
This website describes an AHRC-funded research network which examined the contested nature of the English countryside in the interwar period (1919-1939). Bringing together both established scholars and postgraduates the network aimed to create an interdisciplinary, supportive research environment in which to question (through a series of seminars) the representation of the countryside, social and regional differences of lived experiences and varying constructions (historical and geographical) of landscape and environment. Although the seminar series finished in 2008, the website is being maintained as a scholarly resource, including seminar papers, abstracts and bibliographies.
The website forms part of a site which includes works by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, and Mao Zedong. Established in 1997, this Internet library contains full versions of Lenin's works in English, written between 1893 and 1923. All the works can be searched by year. For example, the year of 1893 includes New Economic Developments in Peasant Life and On the So-Called Market Question. The site also contains Lenin's letters to Stalin, Leon Trotsky and others, as well as the Journal of Lenin's duty secretaries from November 1922 to March 1923. All the works, unless otherwise noted, are from V.I. Lenin, Collected works, 4th English edition, Moscow, 1960-1972. The site also includes an internal search engine, through which users can enter their own search terms.
A website maintained by the Constitution Society which provides free access to a collection of several hundred full text books on constitutional government and political philosophy. These include classic works on the nature of government and democracy published from the 17th Century - 19th century. Examples include: Milton, Thomas More; John Stuart Mill. Also provided are works on the American constitution and the nature of the American republic.
The Constitution Society's 'Liberty Library' contains the texts of nearly 150 historic legal, philosophical, or constitutional documents. Although the more recent materials are weighted towards American constitutional history, there are many important English documents from before the War of Independence and several older European and Classical texts. All texts are in English and provide details of the print edition they have been adapted from and the translator where applicable. The site includes such famous texts as: the 'Code of Hammurabi'; the 'Magna Carta'; 'Leviathan' and several other pieces by Thomas Hobbes; the 'Habeas Corpus Act'; John Locke's texts on toleration and the 'Second Treatise on Government'; works by Jean Jacques Rousseau; and Henry David Thoreau's 'Civil Disobedience'. Many of the texts are available to view in a choice of formats; all are available as HTML files. This is an excellent site with a good selection of reliable texts. It should be of use to historians, political philosophers, and interested members of the general public alike.
'Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution' is a detail-rich website. It is a collaboration of the Center for History and New Media (George Mason University) and the American Social History Project (City University of New York). It includes 12 topical essays, 245 images, 338 text documents, 13 song recordings (including "La Marseillaise"), 13 maps, a time-line, and a glossary. It is searchable by keywords, topics, and/or types of resources. The browse options trigger searches that sometimes result in confusing displays. Therefore, although the content is incredibly detailed, the presentation is not ideal as an introduction to the subject. However, this site does provide important documentary evidence from the Revolution on diverse topics such as: the social causes; slavery; and the Haitian Revolution. A useful resource for Advanced level history and French studies, this will definitely add value to undergraduate and even postgraduate understanding of this complex period of French and European history.
The library of Francis Lodwick FRS is a collection of Web pages hosted by the Centre for Early Modern Studies at the University of Oxford. These pages describe the libraries belonging to the 17th-century philosopher and linguist, Francis Lodwick. The shelf lists for these libraries are currently being transcribed as part of an AHRC-funded project entitled 'Free-Thinking and Language-Planning in Late Seventeenth-Century London', and these pages give a taste of these now-dispersed collections, along with some images from the original catalogues. Those studying English language; philosophy or history may be interested in Lodwick and in the further reading suggested in these pages.
The London Book Trades is a database of individuals active in the publishing industry in London from the time of the introduction of printing up to 1830. The database is the work of Michael L. Turner of the School of Advanced Study in London, and at the time of writing the resource contained over 30,000 entries, with additions ongoing. The database is currently only available as a Microsoft Access file, which takes some time to download due to its size. A text index of the names in the database is available on the site, which can help users to do basic name searches in order to evaluate whether to download the larger file. Those interested in book history can register for email updates of new additions to the database. A web-based version of this database is being developed by the Bibliographical Society and the Oxford Biblographical Society, which should make this resource easier to use in future.
The beautifully crafted and highly useful 'Luminarium' website, created and edited by Anniina Jokinen, is an excellent resource for all students of early English literature and literary history, as well as the allied subjects of: history; religious studies; and philosophy. The site offers four different collections of literary works and resources relating to the period from the later middle ages to the Restoration. The first section, an anthology of Middle English literature (1350 – 1485), includes links to the writings of: Chaucer; Margery Kempe; and Julian of Norwich; as well as an assortment of plays and lyrical works. The second grouping is of resources relating to Renaissance literature (1485-1603) and contains links to the works of such recognizable authors as: More; Spenser; Hooker; Marlowe; Gascoigne; and, of course, Shakespeare. The third series covers the early 17th Century until 1660, and once again offers a substantial number of resources and links relating to: Bacon; Donne; Lovelace; and Cowley, just to name a few. The final section covers the Restoration period, including authors such as: Pepys; Dryden; Pope and Jonathan Swift. This site is an excellent starting point for the study of early English literature, particularly for the undergraduate user, as the compiler has spent considerable effort in gathering and posting articles, citations and essays (both student and professional) for each of the seventy-plus authors. The images and striking web-design that accompany these secondary resources make this site not only a literary feast, but also a visual one.
The Madness and Literature Network website is one strand of a project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. The aim of the project is to develop an international network of: clinicians; academics from a variety of humanities-based disciplines; and service users, to further study into the relationship between English literature and mental health. The aim of the website is to promote the network on an international level, and to draw attention to the seminars and conferences that make up the other strands of the project. The website provides access to a database of fiction and autobiography relating to madness and mental health. At the time of writing this database is still a work in progress, including around 100 post-war books, which can be browsed alphabetically by author or by theme. The site also provides details of how to join the network, as well as details of the project directors and partners. Members of the network can submit reviews of texts relating to issues of madness and mental health for publication on the site. The network is also working on a Leverhulme Trust-funded project entitled 'Madness in Post-war British and American Fiction'. This resource would be of use to researchers and students working in English and history.
The website "Making History - The changing face of the profession in Britain" is an online project of the Institute of Historical Research, London, focusing on the historians and history writing since the 19th century. As the main page explains, the site contains cross-references to historians, journals, organisations and relevant projects. The section dedicated to the historians contains a selection of historians that have had an impact in the field; the gallery lists the names alphabetically but a search is also possible. Each historian has a short professional biography together with the main publications and posts held, and cross-referenced entries of contemporary historians and themes of interest. Interviews with historians are posted on the site. Organisations and projects include research institutions and professional bodies connected with the study of the past and the preservation of its monuments. The section of journals is linked to the relevant page of the Royal Historical Society, while some of the most important titles such as "English Historical Review"; "Past and Present"; "History Workshop Journal"; "History Today"; "The Historical Journal"; "Economic History Review"; "Transactions"; and "Historical Research" are presented in detail, with links to their own websites. In the section of themes, these were chosen to reflect various "approaches to discipline", auxiliary sciences and terminology. Other resources on the site contain: articles, a bibliography, facts and figures (of history teaching today), interviews, image gallery and lists of lecture series (Creighton Lectures, Ford Lectures and Ford Special Lectures). This is a valuable site for students of history; it is easy to navigate and the information is intelligently displayed and cross-referenced.
This site provides listings of magical manuscripts and early printed books from the classical, medieval and early modern periods. The material has been gathered by Frank Klassaan of the University of Saskatchewan and is a work in progress. The listings are divided in to four themed areas: 'Ars notaria' and 'Liber visionum'; Necromantic and other ritual magic manuscripts; 'mage magic, Arabic image magic, and other Arabic magic; and the 'Sworn Book of Honorius' or 'Liber sacer'. Records are listed alphabetically by place of repository. There are also list of manuscripts by author (where known) and an index of incipits (first lines). This site will interest historians of magic, of science, of religion and theology.
The website "Manuscrits médiévaux des monastères et chapitres vosgiens. Catalogues and inventoires" is an online version of the second volume of Marie-José Gasse-Grandjean's doctoral thesis entitled "Livres manuscrits et librairies dans les abbayes et les chapitres vosgiens des origines au XVIe siècle", presented in 1989 at Universite Nancy 2 (2 vol., 752 p. + pl.). This volume brings together various research sources, including: a catalogue of the surviving Vosgian manuscripts, a presentation of ancient book catalogues from Vosgian monasteries, and a list of books found in various archives.The complete text of the volume is available online, as well as an extensive bibliography and a few digital images of manuscripts. The catalogue of surviving manuscripts is presented in a searchable database form, and includes comprehensive indexes for each search field. This resource is particularly useful to the specialist manuscript researcher. The site is now archived.
Mapping Margery Kempe is an online digital library of resources relating to the contextual study of Margery's and her spiritual biography (known as the 'Book of Margery Kempe'). The site is based at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachussets, USA, and provides various resources, including an online, original-spelling edition of the Book of Margery Kempe itself. The text of the book has been formatted so that users can locate particular sections and chapters quickly and easily, and is supported by an online glossary and bibliographical resources. The website also offers an excellent range of contextual material including biographies of some of Margery Kempe's most significant influences and contemporaries, and material relating to: medieval piety; pilgrimage; saints' lives; and church history. There are also detailed photographic resources relating to the church in Norfolk that Margery Kempe attended. Mapping Margery Kempe would be of interest not only to literary scholars but social and cultural historians of the medieval period. It is an ideal resource for those interested in contexual approaches to Margery Kempe's writing.
This site forms part of the Marxists Internet Archive. It is creating a collection of online primary and secondary resource materials relating to revolutionary movements of the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries. Specific topics covered include: The Paris Commune (1871); The Russian Revolution and Soviet Communist government (1917-1991); The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939); Cuban Missile Crisis and the communist government of Cuba from 1959 to the present day; the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and government of the region (1979-1989) and revolutionary movements in the United States (1945-1970). Each section contains a history of the movement and free access to full-text documents which typically include: photographs, treaties, declassified government papers and political writings. There is an emphasis upon collecting materials written by workers' groups such as political pamphlets and revolutionary songs. Links are provided to secondary commentary and other related sites. Users should note that the site is largely supportive of the Marxist viewpoint.
The archive for the history of economic thought website from McMaster University provides access to a variety of material relating to economic history. Primary texts, studies of primary texts and of authors are all included on the site. The material on the site has been arranged alphabetically by author; there are, currently, over 150 authors included on the site. Examples of authors included in the archive are Ruskin, Locke, Mill, Owen, Bentham, Keynes, Hobbes, Burke and Aristotle. Mirror sites are held at the University of Bristol and the University of Melbourne. Some of the texts are in PDF format. A list of links to other web archives is available from the site. Users in Britain are encouraged to use the mirror site at Bristol, which is updated regularly, especially since the original McMaster University site is now archived.
The Medieval Bestiary website is an attempt by an independent scholar (David Badke) to assemble a database of information about: medieval bestiaries; their antecedents; and the medieval view of animals in general. Useful aspects of the site include: a list of manuscripts by institution and shelf-mark (for each there is a brief description and bibliography); an alphabetical listing of animal names together with a brief description of their attributes and a representative image; and a small encyclopaedia of short articles on topics relating to bestiaries and their authors. The site also offers a small "digital text library" of full-text articles (PDF) and digital copies of: 'The Bestiary of Philippe de Thaon' (Cotton Nero A V, ff 41r-82v. edited by Thomas Wright, 1841); 'Physiologus: A Metrical Bestiary Of Twelve Chapters' by Bishop Theobald (1928 facsimile of that published in Cologne, 1492); and 'Symbolism of Animals and Birds Represented in English Church Architecture' by Arthur H. Collins (New York 1913). A lengthy bibliography (with notes) can be viewed by subject and the site includes a search engine. This site is an excellent resource for medieval scholars.
This is the website of the Medieval Institute Library at the University of Notre Dame, a uniquely rich resource for medieval studies in that it gathers in one place some 90,000 volumes; various collections of handbooks, series, pamphlets, reprints and photographic materials; microfilm and microfiche copies of some 3,000 medieval manuscripts and facsimile reprints from European libraries; a large collection of manuscript catalogues and materials on palaeography, diplomatics, and early printed books; and a collection of more than 200 medieval seals in facsimile. The library holdings on the history of medieval universities and medieval education reflect the Medieval Institute's scholarly interest in intellectual history, including that of the Byzantine Empire.
This Web page on the website of the Intercollegiate Studies Institute gives free and open access to a 50 year digital archive of the journal 'Modern Age', one of the leading journals in post-1945 political philosophy. Journal issues are in full-text form, and may be downloaded as PDF files. 'Modern Age' is described as... "the principal quarterly of the intellectual Right", and its online archives date back to 1957. This will be a useful resource for historians of politics, especially in the English-speaking world. There appears to be no keyword search option, but using Google to search for: keyword site:www.isi.org/journals/archive/ will serve the same function.
This website presents users with a wealth of information on the study of history. Although much of the information available is aimed at school students (doing GCSEs and A-Levels and so on) there are, nonetheless, several very interesting articles on the importance of history, the practice of history, and the study of history. Of some significant value is the 'core concepts, terms and ideologies' section which lists the major ideals and ideas (from communism to fascism to Whiggish history to collective security) which have influenced history and the study of history. These articles are detailed and go into some depth and are of great use to both the novice and the established historian. Moreover, there is a very interesting article by Sir Geoffrey Elton (one time Regius Professor of History, University of Cambridge) which details why history continues to be an important subject in the (post)modern world. Lastly, there is a section on the theory of history (looking at, for example, Marxist interpretations of history and Herder’s philosophy of history, amongst others) which details how historians practice and the major schools of thought within the discipline. A highly useful website looking at an often misunderstood, and undervalued, section to history as a subject and discipline.
Nicolaus Copernicus: de revolutionibus is part of the Glasgow University Library Special Collections' 'Book of the Month' series. The page shows selected images from the 1543 (first) edition of 'De Revolutionibus orbium coelestium libri sex', which famously posited the theory that the Earth travels around the Sun, rather than the other way round. The images are accompanied by a description of the book and its contents, as well as notes on the provenance of the featured copy of the work. A list of further reading is also provided. This resource provides a good introduction to Copernicus's work for anyone interested in the subject matter or in early printed books.
'The Oblique Strategies' website contains historical details of all versions of this creative tool, and also details of where to obtain software versions of the system and the fifth version. There is an overview of the first, second and third editions, with quotes from Brian Eno where he describes the earlier systems. One of his descriptions is of the set is "over 100 cards, each of which is a suggestion of a course of action or thinking to assist in creative situations". There is also a long essay on the fourth edition of 'Oblique Strategies: One Hundred Worthwhile Dilemmas' (1996). There is an additional 'Oblique Stratigraphy' page which uses a visual form to show the fate of individual strategies between versions. The Oblique Strategies card set plays an important part in the history of British popular music from 1975, and was also used by some U.S. bands whose albums were produced by Eno. The set may also, in some way, have foreshadowed computer-based hypertext systems. This will be a useful website for those investigating proven methods of generating creative outcomes in arts production.
This is an electronic book by Ernest A. Savage available free of charge in full-text and .zip versions from The Online Books Page at the University of Pennsylvania Library. The text on this website is unformatted. The book is also available for downloading from alternative sites by clicking on the links provided. However, the formats and how much content is available may differ from site to site.
The website "Old World contacts" has been published and compiled by the Applied History Research Group, at the University of Calgary. A caveat is issued that the site is functional but not yet complete. It is part of a series of online tutorials. This tutorial takes as its focus travellers between 330 BCE and 1500 CE. Through the writings and records of merchants, military men, missionaries, and others, it examines the ideas of cross-cultural contacts, the concepts of the 'foreign'. The impact of these ideas and exploration on the Old World is discussed on this site. There is a good bibliography arranged according to themes, such as: Alexander the Great; travel and exploration; Arab medicine; the Huns; and the Crusades. The tutorials can be navigated by time period or by theme, which allows the user to proceed with flexibility. The themes explored in cross-cultural contact include: armies; colonists; merchants and traders; missionaries and pilgrims; diplomats and travellers; and modes of transport. A good site for undergraduate students and for their teachers.
This website, for the Oral Tradition Journal, contains the twice-yearly published full-text inter-disciplinary journal relating to oral tradition and history, literary criticism and history, folklore, anthropology, linguistics and history. One of the journal's main aims is to promote the academic study of these related fields and, to that end, all of the publications from 1986 are available freely on the Web page (all are available to be downloaded in PDF format). It is, moreover, possible to search all the publications by keyword search or by author search or to browse through issue-by-issue. The journal covers a great many areas and aspects of research and study, from Basque Oral Poetry Championship to Australian Aboriginal Oral Traditions, and many more. New users of the site are recommended to read volume 18, issues 1 and 2 before moving onto the rest of the site as these 'provide a broad, state-of-the-art perspective on the multidisciplinary field of studies in oral tradition'.
The Online Resource Book for Medieval Studies (ORB) is a co-operative effort on the part of scholars across the Internet to establish an online textbook source for medieval studies. In principle, authors of the various articles that make up ORB maintain their own articles at their own locations. Each article is connected to ORB's Title Index, after having been judged by at least two peer-reviewers. In addition, each article is linked directly to related articles and other information available on the Internet. You can browse the collection by subject under the following headings: early; high; late; medieval Slavonic and Russian resources; religion; language and linguistics; and culture (including art and architecture, law, literature, music, philosophy, and women's studies). The website also holds resources for teaching and general 'hints and tips' for medieval historians, as well as generic information for the 'non-specialist'.
'Origins of Early Modern Literature' is an online catalogue of English literary works published during the period 1519 - 1579. The aim of the AHRC-funded project that produced this database is to "redress the critical neglect of mid-Tudor writing", and to throw a spotlight onto this culturally and artistically significant era. The database can be browsed by title of work, and is also fully searchable by: title; date; subject; genre; and surname (of author, printer or dedicatee). Each record gives full bibliographic details for the publication concerned, including: composition date; publication date; site of publication; format; content; paratext; modern editions; and additional information on the text or book. This database is not designed to give comprehensive coverage of the period, and entries will continue to be added. This resource would interest book historians, as well as those researching the literature of the Tudor period.
The website of the Oxford Bibliographical Society provides information on the society and its aims and activities. Based at the Bodleian Library, at the University of Oxford, the society is dedicated to furthering the study of: bibliography; the history of the book; and textual research. The site contains details of the society's publications and lecture programme. Lectures range from considerations of the workings of the Bodleian to the collected works of Robert Louis Stevenson and the Whitington press. There is also information on: past lectures; how to join the society; and a page of links to other bibliography Web resources. The society would be of interest to book historians and those studying western manuscripts.
The website "Peasant Social Worlds and Their Transformation" is an online interactive learning project, produced by the Department of Social Anthropology at the University of Manchester. Although the project has been devised with those studying anthropology in mind, there is much on the site that can be used by history students. The site provides a clear introduction to peasant studies and its history, and a discussion of classical agrarian theories put forward by Marx, Lenin and Chayanov. Also on the site are case studies of Mexican and Brazilian peasant societies, a history section with articles on rural Mexico, South East Asia and Russia, and a bibliography. The site has been last updated in 1998, so bibliography does not include the latest addition to the field.
The Perseus collection of Renaissance materials is part of the Perseus Digital Library at Tufts University. The collection makes freely available online primary and secondary materials relating to the early modern period in England (the English Renaissance). There are also selected secondary materials from the 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the texts available are: the complete works of Christopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare; 'The New Atlantis' by Francis Bacon; Holinshed's history of England; and 'The Political Works of James I' edited by Charles Howard McIlwain. All texts are fully searchable. Students of history and English would find this resource highly useful.
'The other within, an anthropology of Englishness' is a major ESRC-funded research project that seeks to explore ideas about Englishness as seen in the historical collection of the Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford, which contains "40,000 objects from England". The project runs from 2006 until 2009, and aims to "analyse the collections of the museum, together with the history and motives of the people making the collections". The project webpage contains an outline of the project, details of staff, details of sub-projects, and two six-monthly progress reports.
'The play of mind' is a collection of free downloadable programmes designed to teach introductory philosophy and the history of ideas. The work of American philosophy lecturer Warren Weinstein, they cover a wide range of topics, including ethics, religion, law, and the nature of humanity, focusing on introducing students to the ideas of great thinkers, and asking them to consider whether and to what extent they agree with them. The programmes are divided into different sets, involving varying degrees of interaction and sophistication. Students are given the chance to monitor and test their opinions against the views of philosophers throughout the ages. Some of the programmes could stand as a convenient starting point for essays or classroom discussion. The programmes are small and swift to download, and are straightforward to use, though the DOS-style format (these are DOS programs modified for use in Windows) can be rather tiring on the eyes. This is a potentially useful resource for those teaching introductory philosophy.
This is the home page of Polanyiana, the periodical of the Michael Polanyi Liberal Philosophical Association. Based in Budapest, the journal is published twice per year and devoted to the work of Michael Polanyi (1891-1976) a scientist-turned-philosopher from the noted Hungarian Jewish family. His observations on the connections between science, society, economics, and political and moral philosophy provide the foci for the scholarly research posted in this periodical. The periodical articles are posted online either in English or Hungarian. The journal archive is incomplete, with some articles offered online in full and some only as abstracts. Issues for several years were missing from the site at the time of review. Nonetheless, the site will be quite worthwhile for scholars whose work relates generally to the broad range of fields that Polanyi studied, and especially to the history of Central Europe.
This website is concerned with theories of colonialism and post-colonialism, and is part of a larger website dealing with English post-colonial and post-imperial literature. Developed by Professor George Landow of Brown University, the site provides a useful reference guide for those studying post colonialism and imperial history. As its title suggests, this website is primarily concerned with the theories surrounding its subject, rather than the experiences in individual countries.The contents of the site have been split into eight sections. Firstly, Themes and Issues, which provides introductions to key themes along with essays and articles; secondly, Theorists, which gives an outline of the stance of key theorists in the field; thirdly, Terms, a selective glossary of words and phrases used in the post colonial discussion; and, lastly, Gender Matters, which features essays on the role of gender in the post-colonial debate. In addition to this there is Historical Contexts, which provides the political and historical background to post-colonial themes and individual countries, Symbol and Image, which explores the motifs of the subject, and an extensive Bibliography. Lastly, there is a Conferences and Events section, where the details and papers of past conferences can be found, along with calls for papers and information about forthcoming events.
The Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies is an institution devoted to advanced study 'of the material and intellectual cultures of the Middle Ages'. The Institute is affiliated with the University of Toronto, and has its own library which houses an important collection of medieval resources, including microfilmed copies of more than 450 manuscripts, and papal letters stored at the Vatican. The PIMS website provides information on the Institute and its research, as well as the library and its resources. Of interest to researchers and students of medieval studies is the 'Engines of Electronic Enterprise' section, which comprises an extensive collection of Web links relating to the field, and information on PIMS publications.
Popcultures is a cultural studies blog, managed by Sarah Zupko. It posts information about cultural studies resources relevant to cultural studies, sociology and communication studies. Users will find information on journals and archives; conferences and calls for papers; publishers, academic programs, bibliographies and reading lists; as well as newsgroups and listservs. There are links to full-text articles and papers. Topics include advertising, American studies, consumerism, cyberspace, cultural identity, technology, ethnicity, gender, postcolonial studies, postmodernism, film, music, television, visual arts and mass media.
Popcultures is a cultural studies website, assembled by Sarah Zupko. It contains a comprehensive collection of resources relevant to cultural studies, sociology and communication studies. Users will find sections on journals and archives; conferences and calls for papers; publishers, academic programs, bibliographies and reading lists; as well as newsgroups and listservs. There are a wealth of links to full-text articles and papers, organised by subjects covering advertising, American studies, consumerism, cyberspace, cultural identity, technology, ethnicity, gender, postcolonial studies, postmodernism, film, music, television, visual arts and mass media. A section on theorists and critics provides access to primary and secondary source material for a number of important figures. In addition, there are annotated links pages organised into seven subjects: cyberculture, education, film, history, international, mass media/communication and television. The site also links to its sister site, Pop Matters, a magazine of global culture.
This website is “a digital archive of primary sources on copyright from the invention of the printing press (c. 1450) to the Berne Convention (1886) and beyond”. Funded by the AHRC, this ambitious and extensive database includes digital images and commentary for key texts in the evolution of intellectual property law pertaining to five modern jurisdictions: Britain, Germany, France, Italy, the United States. Documents include “privileges, statutes, judicial decisions, contracts and materials relating to legislative history” as well as “contemporary letters, essays, treatises and artefacts”. Material was compiled by separate national editors, and limited to 50 core texts (20 for the USA and Italy covering a much shorter time period) supplemented by “many more” contextual documents. Inclusions were additionally scrutinised by an international editorial board. The development of copyright is outlined in its broadest sense, with documents relating to subjects as varied as the book trade, authorship, fine art, printed textiles, dramatic performance, telegraphic cable messages and photography. The database allows browsing several perspectives – documents are assembled into useful lists which can be traced as a global timeline or within specific jurisdiction, as well as enabling browsing by individual locations and authors. Documents can further be browsed by Institution, Legislation and Case law referred to. This resource is obviously invaluable to anyone studying the history of intellectual property law but its detailed commentary and clear structure make it useful to those studying a far wider range of historical subjects.
The website of the Printing Historical Society (PHS) provides information on the society and its activities. The society, affiliated with the University of Reading, was founded in 1964 in order to further interest in printing, and the preservation of texts and machines pertinent to the history of the book. The site provides a short history of the society, with details of the current committee and constitution, as well as: details of forthcoming PHS-sponsored events and conferences; PHS grants; joining information; and details of past events. The PHS also publishes monographs and a journal, details of which are also available on this site. A small selection of related links and a news section are also provided. Those studying book or printing history would find this site of interest.
This project, funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, began in October 2006 and aims to connect researchers working in a wide range of academic disciplines who are investigating the two-way relationship that exists between law on the one hand, and social and economic change on the other. The research project springs from the conviction that this relationship offers a fruitful way of looking at history in general, and at the history of rural England in the middle ages in particular. The project's specific interest lies in the proposition that the rules and machinery of civil law substantially influenced both the readiness with which individuals committed resources to transactions and agreements of all kinds, and shaped behaviour towards the persons and property of others. The website is easy to navigate with clear links running down the left-hand side of the page. Perhaps of most interest to users will be the Research Projects section, which details the current and relevant projects (including doctoral theses) being undertaken; there are also sections detailing the project's seminar programme and graduate workshops.
Project Wittenberg, created under the direction of Reverend Bob Smith of Concordia Theological Seminary in Fort Wayne, Indiana, provides a gateway to Lutheran texts, texts by Luther, texts about Luther and works of other Lutherans. The end aim of the project is the production of an international electronic library of Lutheran texts. The site includes works by Reformation writers such as Luther, Melanchthon, Chemnitz and Eber as well as works by seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth century authors. Documents on the site include Luther's Ninety-five Theses, Luther's Catechisms, the Augsburg Confession and the 1580 Book of Concord. The site also includes biographies and hymnals. All the documents provide full bibliographic details of the original source of the text. The home page of the site provides links to selected resources. To access documents via a chronological author list select the 'Project Wittenberg's Electronic Lutheran Web' link from the home page. Although the site can initially be a little confusing to navigate it does provide online access to a large number of primary sources.
The Web page "Records of British Publishing and Printing" describes collections held by the University of Reading Library relating to publishing and book history. The library holds archived records and documents from eminent publishing houses and printing firms such as: Jonathan Cape; Chatto and Windus; The Hogarth Press; Routledge and Kegan Paul; Ladybird; and Macmillan. These collections incorporate documents such as: business papers; correspondence with authors and poets; and book illustrations. The list of publishers links to individual descriptions of the collections, giving details of the holdings for each collection and information on how to access them. The Web page also details complementary collections at Reading University Library that are relevant to history of the book and the printing industry such as: materials on book fairs; the Isotype collection; and the collection of the Independent Publishers' Guild. Of particular note are the publishers' catalogues, prospectuses and announcements from 1800 to 1889. Links to other Reading Library and University departments with useful information on printing or book history are also provided. This resource would be of use to anyone studying the history of British publishing, or book history more generally.
This Internet resource provides information relating to the Reformation and some of its key figures: Martin Luther; Phillip Melanchthon; Calvin; and Zwingli. In relation to Luther, visitors to the site can access online versions of his selected works, including the Ninety Five Theses (in Latin and English) and his Letter to the Christian Nobility. In addition, the site contains electronic texts of Luther's hymns (in English and German), and a textlink to an online version of his famous German translation of the Bible. The site also offers a selection of hyperlinks to other Luther-related websites. The resource provides several electronic texts by and relating to the other figures listed above. Most notably, there are pages devoted to Phillip Melanchthon, which include electronic text versions of his 'A History of the Life and Actions of the Very Reverend Dr. Martin Luther,' and 'Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope.' A few links were broken at the time of review.
Renaissance and Reformation is a peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary, bilingual quarterly from the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, in Toronto, Canada. The journal publishes articles and reviews on all aspects of the Renaissance, Reformation and the Early Modern world. It covers themes such as literature, geography, history, religion, art, music, society, and economics. Renaissance and Reformation is currently available electronically through the Iter database on subscription.
The Renaissance Journal is a full-text academic ejournal, published by the University of Warwick... "in association with the AHRC Centre for the Study of Renaissance Elites and Court Cultures". At June 2009 there are nine issues online from 2001-2005, freely offering full-text articles, conference reports and book reviews as PDF files. Example article titles include: 'Inconstant Identities on the South Bank: The Duchess of Malfi and the Homeless Visitor'; 'The Cultivation of Monarchy and the Rise of Berlin'; 'How do I look today?: Cosmetics, Cross-Dressing and Desire in The Devil is an Ass'; and 'Social Elites in the Early Modern Public House', among others. Although the journal appears to have ceased in 2005, there are contact details for the Centre for the Study of Renaissance Elites and Court Cultures at the University of Warwick.
This is the website of the Renaissance Society of America, a scholarly society with interests covering every aspect of the humanities in the Renaissance period (specified by the Society as 1300-1650). This site presents comprehensive details of the Society's meetings, publications, and membership. In addition to the usual 'about this society' and membership information, there is: information about the Society's publications, which include the journal Renaissance Quarterly and a series of books; details of the annual meeting; information on grants, awards and scholarships offered by the Society and other organisations; and a posting board for announcements (mainly regarding academic appointments). The RSA Links Database provides a searchable annotated list of links to relevant online resources. The Society's newsletter and current and past conference programmes are freely available on the site, but Renaissance Quarterly can only be accessed by members. Style sheets and submissions information for the Society's journals are also published, although these do not appear to be readily available on the Publications page (found via the site search facility from the home page). The design of the site is simple and it is easy to navigate. It will be primarily of interest to postgraduates and Faculty members.
"Renaissance studies" is the website for the journal published in electronic form and hard copy by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. It requires a subscription to see the full journal texts. "Renaissance Studies" is a multi-disciplinary publication of the Society for Renaissance Studies, which addresses all aspects of Renaissance history and culture. As well as publishing critical articles, the journal also publishes editions of historical documents from the period. These documents are published with a full critical apparatus and notes. The journal also publishes a wide range of book reviews in each edition. The site allows users to search an archive of editions of the journal which dates back to 1987. Full abstracts of the articles are available for all users, and subscribers to the print version can access the full online version at no additional cost. An early view of articles online before they go to print it is also possible for subscribers. Unfortunately it is only possible to search through the archive by date of publication. The site is best used for those wishing to locate a specific article, for which the user already has full references. Users wanting to browse for material by subject or author may find that a search takes some time.
'Roger Scruton : writer and philosopher' is the personal website and weblog of British philosopher Roger Scruton. One of the most valuable elements of the website is Roger Scruton's active weblog, which has archives that date back to 2000. In the 'Journalism' section there is a link to an external website containing a full bibliography and full-text copies of many notable press articles by Scruton. A full listing of books can be found in the online C.V., and there are also links to selected Amazon pages that feature books. The website also has details of Scruton's activities in music composition, broadcasting, teaching, his farming, and his personal projects.
The website of the Royal Historical Society provides information on the major learned society for History in the UK. The RHS supports the RHS Bibliographies - an authoritative guide to works on British and Irish history, spanning a period from the Roman era to the present day. It is updated three times a year and contains articles from over 500 journals. It is also available on CD-ROM. There is also information on the site about publications, lectures, conferences, as well as news and initiatives. Members can subscribe to a regular newsletter. Of use to postgraduates is the section on postgraduate scholarships and there are also undergraduate prizes run in conjunction with History Today. A links page directs interested readers to other historical societies and associations of note and to publishers.
The website Scotland's Pages is part of the National Library of Scotland's Digital Library, and brings together manuscript and printed texts illustrating key events in a thousand years of Scottish history, beginning in the year 1000. The documents are all in English or in English translation, and may be accessed via a well-designed timeline. Many are supplied in facsimile (such as the Murthly Hours of 1280, the oldest book of hours associated with Scotland). Combined with a number of concise historical accounts, the source texts make Scotland's Pages a very useful and vivid chronology. The website reproduces the documents from an exhibition of manuscripts and printed material held in the National Library of Scotland in 2000. This resource would interest general Scottish historians and book historians.
The Scottish Book Trade Index (SBTI) is part of the National Library of Scotland's website, and comprises a list of people involved in the trades of: papermaking; printing; bookselling; engraving; bookbinding; and other trades related to the Scottish book industry over the centuries. The index has been compiled from a number of trade directories: the National Library of Scotland's Imprint Index of eighteenth century Scottish imprints; H.G. Aldis's directory of the Scottish book trade 'A List of the Books Printed before 1700'; and Iain Beavan's directory of the Aberdeen of the book trade. The index, which runs from the beginning of the Scottish printing trade to the mid-nineteenth century, is a work in progress, and is frequently updated. The index is in a simple text form and can be browsed in alphabetical order, or alternatively downloaded as a PDF. This resource would interest those studying British book history.
The website "Sir Peter Ustinov Institut zur Erforschung und Bekämpfung der Vorurteile" (Sir Peter Ustinov Institute for the Investigation and Combat against Prejudice) is the home page of the Sir Peter Ustinov Institute, which was established in 2003 through the efforts of the famous Anglo-Russian-European journalist, actor and author who died in early 2004. The Institute, devoted to the study of and struggle against prejudice was founded with the support of the City of Vienna and the Institute of Contemporary History at the University of Vienna. The aim of the Institute, as conceived by Ustinov, is to uphold, through formal academic research, cooperation and teaching, the humanitarian need to fight prejudice as a source of catastrophe and suffering in the world. In Ustinov's name, the Institute brings in a guest professor to conduct research and hold lectures at the University of Vienna each semester. Information on the most recent guest professor's lectures, syllabi, publications and biography is provided. The Institute also aims to prepare a publication on prejudice. The site also posts contact details; a memorial for Ustinov; the latest news in the Institute; and current and upcoming lectures and events. A subsite entitled Datenbank links to three databases which can be search by keyword: bibliography (Literatur); research institutes; and academics. The bibliography also offers a list of keywords (Schlagwortliste) which narrows the search. The results offer indication on the whereabouts of books and abstracts. This database has been last updated in 2005 however.
This is the website of the Società Internazionale per lo Studio del Medioevo Latino (SISMEL) based in Florence, Italy. The website provides information on the Society's activities, events, courses, research fellowships, access to the Society's online library catalogue, and lists of SISMEL's current and past publications, including Edizioni del Galluzzo. Additionally present are links to significant research resources for medieval studies produced by SISMEL. These include: Medioevo Latino (MEL), an annual bibliographical bulletin of European culture from Boethius to Erasmus (6th-15th century); Bibliotheca Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Recentiorisque Aevi (BISLAM); Compendium Auctorum Latinorum Medii Aevi (500-1500) (CALMA); the works, manuscript tradition and life of Gregorio Magno; Guide to patristical Latin manuscripts; Corpus of Latin Rhythmical Texts (4th-9th century); Collection of inventories, catalogues and lists of manuscripts from western medieval libraries (8th-15th century) (RICABIM); Music in the Middle Ages - medieval music bibliographical bulletin (MEM); Biblioteca agiografica italiana (BAI); the Italian Bible; La Mistica; CODEX - an inventory of medieval manuscripts from Tuscany.
'The Spread of Scottish Printing' Web pages are part of the National Library of Scotland's 'Digital Library'. These pages provide information on the beginnings of printing in Scotland, and the growth of the industry from its first days in the early 16th century, to the late 19th century. The topic is divided into sections, including: 'First printing towns'; full texts; and 'The Printing Revolution'. Among the resources provided are: a list of printing towns in Scotland, with their first printing dates; a clickable map of Scotland from which users may access texts and see information on the printers in each of the listed towns; and the full texts of 33 items from 33 of the early printing towns. Among the full-texts are various types of works, including: religious writings; poetry; catalogues; and fiction. This resource would be of interest to anyone studying book history.
The website "Study guide for the Communist Manifesto" forms part of a series of online study guides published by Professor Paul Brians of Washington State University. It also conveniently provides a link to a copy of the Communist Manifesto online for easy reference. Published in 1848, the famous collaboration by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, is one of the most widely read texts of modern times. This site is an introductory guide which provides questions and raises issues to stimulate further thinking and discussion. Professor Paul Brians divides the guide into several sections discussing: proletarians and communists; bourgeois and proletarians; socialist and communist literature; and the position of communists in relation to the various opposition parties. A good introductory website for those studying the Communist Manifesto.
This study guide has been produced by Professor Paul Brians of Washington State University and is aimed at undergraduates as preparation for seminars and essays on the topic. The guide provides background to the manifesto and commentary on its contents along with questions designed to stimulate thinking and discussion. The full-text of the manifesto is included. Teachers and students may use the material provided that it is not published elsewhere and that the original author is credited.
Tales of the frontier: political representations and practices inspired by Hadrian's Wall is the website of a major Arts and Humanities Research Council project (July 2007 - Sept 2009), which is investigating the cultural and political meanings given to this famous Roman frontier system. The project will range in time from the Venerable Bede (8th Century) to contemporary tourism, and will draw on a wide variety of resources including works of art and literature. The website contains details of the project and staff. There are pages for news, publications and events. There are a small number of selected external Web links of relevance to the project. The project is based at the Durham Centre for Roman Cultural Studies, which is also developing the Hadrian's Wall Research Framework.
'Tarot and its history: Trionfi' is a large and detailed illustrated website on the early history of tarot cards, their art and use. It is edited by a group of ten researchers, whose main focus is into "the origin of Tarot in the 15th century". The website has details of the oldest known Tarot cards including new translations of documents from the Italian, a timeline, interviews, a list of scholars who have published on the topic, a very large gallery of cards, and reviews of recent scholarly publications. The website is large and complex, and it is best navigated via the website map. The website includes the free online 'Tarot and Playing Cards Museum', which includes scans of around 4,500 decks and image sets.
The History Education Network/Histoire et Éducation en Réseau (THEN/HiER) is an award-winning bilingual site dedicated to the study of history at various levels of education in Canada. Produced through a collaboration among professional academics, public museum professionals and educational curriculum policy makers, THEN/HiER has several sections: News and Resources; Research; Practice; Curriculum and Advocacy; and Make your Voice Heard. The news section provides the latest updates on resources in history education, posts a database of history programmes, offers job listings, a newsletter, and notable events such as lectures and conferences. The research subsite allows users to access a database of article, chapter, book and report summaries, and thesis and dissertation abstracts. It also provides tips on how to conduct historical research and lists journals that deal with history education. The section on Practice explains best practices in historical education and provides primary and secondary source bibliographies in that field. Curriculum and Advocacy offers curriculum and education policy documents. Make Your Voice Heard gives users interactive components, such as message boards and sets up forums for collaborative projects. While the site is Canadian, it is worth noting that the site's administrators pick up news from Europe, the USA and further abroad internationally, making this a generally useful resource for anyone teaching history in the secondary or tertiary educational systems. Users can register and log in to access all information available.
The website "Thomas Malthus: An Essay on the Principle of Population" is published by an academic at the Western Washington University. On it is published the full-text of the late-eighteenth century economist Thomas Malthus's work, An Essay on the Principle of Population, written in 1798. The text has been transcribed into html and is navigable across nineteen pages. Nothing else is featured on the site, although it would have been useful if some background information on Malthus and his work concerning economics and population growth had been included.
This site, part of the Secular Web from Internet Infidels, contains, or links to, electronic versions of some of the works of Thomas Paine, the eighteenth and nineteenth century deist and proponent of American independence. Major works include 'Rights of Man', 'Agrarian Justice', 'The American Crisis', and 'The Age of Reason'. Also included are a number of minor works, such as essays and articles, particularly on the subject of religion. The site's presentation is simple and clear.
'Tiempos Modernos' is a peer reviewed electronic journal devoted to 16th, 17th and 18th century History, with particular emphasis on the history of Spain and Spanish America. The journal includes in its scope History of Art, Literature and Science, as well as political and socio-economic history. The journal aims to publish up to four issues a year, although the issues themselves may only contain three or four articles and thesis abstracts. Articles have focused on such themes as: the Irish presence in the Spanish army between 1580 and 1818; so-called 'hispanic rationalism' and its rejection of the practice of witchcraft in 17th century Europe; Inquisitional censorship and the reading of scientific books; and the struggle between university students in the Spanish Modern Age. Articles are available as either PDF or HTML, and may be written in Spanish, English, Italian or French (the majority are in Spanish). The site allows users to conduct searches across the articles, and links to the online discussion forum, 'Mundos Modernos'. The journal scope and submission details are outlined in full.
This Internet Archive page contains a free ebook edition of a public domain book by Richard Buckley Litchfield, titled 'Tom Wedgwood, the First Photographer: An Account of His Life' (1903). This scrupulous and scholarly biography includes a great many letters as well as the whole text of the famous 1802 paper "An Account of a Method of Copying Paintings upon Glass, and of Making Profiles, by the Agency of Light upon Nitrate of Silver". The book is a prudent and balanced work of scholarship based on a sound inspection of Wedgwood's well-preserved papers and letters, and thus it is still a valuable resource today. The author was not, however, in a position to evaluate either Wedgwood's metaphysical thought, or the influence of his 1802 paper between 1802 and 1839 - recent scholarship has since overturned his assumptions on both topics. The author appears to have been brave enough, even in 1903, to drop numerous heavy hints about Wedgwood's likely homosexual nature. The book also contains a significant amount of information about Wedgwood's patronage of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, although it would seem likely that Coleridge scholars have since overtaken the account given here. The book has been professionally scanned from a copy held in the library of the University of California. In PDF form (38Mb) it overlays copyable and accurate OCR text over scans of the original pages. There is an index.
This is the website of the Toronto Centre for the Book established at the University of Toronto in 1994. The Centre co-ordinates a wide range of interdisciplinary research resources on the history of the book from across collections and initiatives at the University of Toronto. It also offers a programme of lectures and colloquia aiming to bring together all those with an interest in the subject, from faculty, librarians and students to the general public. The most recent of these lectures are freely available to download as podcasts. The Centre particularly seeks to foster postgraduate research by compiling information on research resources in this field; it has links to University of Toronto's Collaborative Program in Book History and Print Culture. The Centre encourages new membership and joining is free. The information on the website comprises: contact information; a current events list; an archive of past events; a list of committee members; details of current, past and cross-departmental courses; and a few links to related websites.
Traditio is an important journal of ancient and medieval history, thought and religion. Its no-frills website provides two indices to the first fifty of its volumes (to 1995). The first index is most useful for compiling bibliographies, as it categorizes the articles by assigning them to one of nineteen subject headings. The second orders them by name of author. Besides the indices, the text of the foreword to the fiftieth anniversary volume is provided. It outlines the origins and history of the journal.
The website 'Tradition and its Discontents: Jewish History and Culture in Eastern Europe' is an online exhibition from the Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. The exhibition is based on the specific history of Eastern Europe as the main centre for modern Jewish civilisation over the past three hundred years. Expanding studies are now being pursued in this field, based on new access to archives in the former Soviet bloc. Exhibited images are scanned from primary sources going back to the sixteenth century. However, the majority of images and sources concern the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. They take in religious, communal and political themes of Jewish life in the region; they also highlight key figures. Some foci of interest treated here from this latter period include: immigration from the Russian Pale of Settlement and its consequences in Central Europe; pogroms; development of the newspaper press; ritual murder; Jewish scholarship and history; election campaigns in Austria-Hungary; Yiddish and the development of an Eastern European Jewish aesthetic; the founding of the Yidisher visnshaftlekher institut (YIVO -- Yiddish Scientific Institute) in 1925. Explanations of each image are supported by hypertext links to appropriate recommended reading in a good bibliography. There is also a list of contributors, which includes their university affiliations.
This website describes an AHRC-funded research network exploring contemporary meanings of the often-contested notion of ‘tradition’. Through workshops in London and New York, the network will bring together scholars from a wide range of disciplines to discuss how notions of tradition, ways of identifying traditions and the importance of tradition as a concept in the contemporary, “post-September 11 world”. The website articulates the networks research questions in more detail and reproduces the opening remarks for the March 2008 workshop.
Created by the University of Michigan Library, Traditions of Magic in Late Antiquity offers a good visual and descriptive introduction to magical practices, devices and ornamentation from the pre-Christian period. Developed around the University's own extensive collection of papyri texts, each section begins with the description of a specific type of magical object, ranging from a early magic recipe books to a protective amulet. This description is followed by a series of related images that detail the features, significance and functionality of these apparatuses. The objects described come predominantly from the Mesopotamian and Egyptian regions, between the first and fifth centuries C.E. The site will be of appeal to anyone who has an interest in early magical rituals and practices during the height and decline of the Roman Empire. Those new to the subject may also wish to explore the brief, but helpful, bibliography at the end of the exhibit.
The Renaissance Festival Books website, is the result of a collaborative project between the British Library and the University of Warwick and makes available facsimilies of 253 Renaissance festival books from the British Library's collections. These books describe festivals and ceremonies that took place in Europe between 1475 and 1700 to mark: marriages; funerals; coronations; and other grand events. Such festivals could take many forms, including: masques; dances; song; and parades and displays involving: fireworks; equestrian troops; and waterworks. The festival books therefore shed light on a variety of aspects of early modern courtly history in Europe, most notably: music; the court, royalty and nobility; costume; theatrical history; military history; tournaments; and social and economic history. The website offers some background to festival books, with articles by acknowledged experts in the field. The books themselves can be browsed or searched: pages with significant information are provided with metadata to enable accurate searching.
"Tudors.org" is an authoritative, academic website, produced by one of the most eminent experts in Tudor history (1485-1603), Professor John Guy from the University of St Andrews. This website is based on a collection of essays, and aims in its own words "to dispense some of the most up-to-date information regarding Tudor England that is available". This site is of great use and interest to undergraduates, researchers, and postgraduates alike, as it presents alternative views on one of the most popularly taught subjects of English or British History - the Tudors. The site is organised into two main sections: "History menu" and "Tudor history discussion". Each classify their content according to a selected education level: AS/A2 and Undergraduate. Under "History menu" public lecture notes and links to primary sources are posted, while the "Tudor history discussion" links to the forum where books by John Guy and Julia Fox are debated. The site has been redesigned and now contains a forum. Advertisments are present on the site but they are tolerable. The main page announces the latest additions to the site.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Two Eighteenth-Century French Periodicals : the Anee Litteraire and the Journal Encyclopedique (1762/3,1773/4,1783/4) : a Quantitative Study' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. To provide quantitative data upon which to base an evaluation of the French Enlightenment and of the climate of opinion in France between 1762 and 1787. The basis of the study is an exhaustive examination of two eighteenth century French periodicals. Variables: Journal, year, number of pages of each entry, author, type of entry (book review, article, letter, poem, announcement, news, anecdote), subject matter, whether excerpted, whether translated, language, nature/work, word frequency (words appearing in the titles of books reviewed).
The Typographic Archives website aims to "preserve valued web contents on typography and history of printing and writing" by archiving the contents of relevant websites that no longer exist. At the time of writing the site includes short biographies of a few of the more famous names in the history of typography, including: William Caxton; Johannes Gutenberg; and William Caslon, as well as a glossary of typographical terms and an excerpt from Beatrice Warde's lecture to the British Typographers' Guild. The site is part of the Planet Typography site, and would be of use as an introduction for those new to book history.
The website "Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies" introduces this research centre of the University of Wales undertaking mainly team-based major research projects spanning a number of years. The site gives full details about the current and past projects, which cover a wide range of topics from the archaeology, history, language and literature of Wales. The site is intended primarily for an academic audience but should also interest the general reader. It is fully bilingual in Welsh and English. Most of the pages describe the projects and their various and numerous publications, but further resources are being added continually and the usefulness of the site should increase correspondingly. The material presented is very authoritative and the site is quick and easy to use.
University over the Abyss: Lectures in Ghetto Theresienstadt, 1942-44 is a website describing lectures which were held by the inmates of Theresienstadt (Terezin), a fortress near Prague which the Nazis converted into a transit concentration camp during the Second World War. Site authors remark that the "prisoners were mainly professional Jews from Czechoslovakia, Germany, Austria, Holland and Denmark, many of them a part of the European cultural elite." Site creators collected information regarding inmates' lectures which was scattered around archives and libraries in Europe, Israel and the United States. They now possess a computer database with over 480 names and about 2,300 lecture titles, along with related documents. Of these, the time and location of most have been determined, but texts and listeners' notes of only some 80 remain. A book has been published on the basis of this research, as has a second, enlarged, reedited edition in 2004. Ordering details, as well as information on further research, translations and publications, are on the site. The main page lists a brief collection of lecture titles within the fields of Jewish Studies; Humanities (including Art, Music and Drama); Social Studies; Law; Medicine; and finally, sociological lectures on the camp itself. The site's most impressive feature mirrors this research, with an alphabetical list of lecturers at Theresienstadt, the cities from which they were deported, and their deportation dates to Auschwitz. There is another column indicating camps in which they survived, for the tiny number that did so.
"Victorian illustrated newspapers and journals : select list" is part of the British Library's Help for Researchers Web pages. The page gives details of a selection of Victorian newspapers and periodicals which can be viewed in the British Library, and is illustrated with a number of contemporary images. The site gives publications details for each of the titles, together with access details of the collection. Further details about visiting the newspaper collections can be obtained from the main British Library Collection website, which also has an online catalogue of newspapers held in the British Library.
Victorian Literature and Culture is the website of the scholarly journal of the same name. The journal is published by Cambridge University Press and features peer-reviewed contributions by some of the field's most respected figures. The site provides lists of contents from volume 19 (1991) to the present issue. Also provided are details of the editorial and advisory boards and guidelines for the submission of articles. There is also a link to the Cambridge University Press Web page for the journal, where users may subscribe.
This website accompanies a multi-disciplinary project to investigate the lasting significance of the Viennese café. The project is a joint venture between Birkbeck College, London, and the Royal College of Art, and is funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. Research focuses on "the historical, cultural and artistic complexity of the Viennese café as an urban space in order to better understand the culture of cafés, both past and present. Attention has long been focused on Paris as a cradle of modernity and artistic modernism. Through its focus on the Viennese café, this project aims to redefine our understanding not only of the arts in Vienna, but also of modernity and modern life more generally." The website provides: an outline of the project; an events programme; information about the project conference; details of publications, news and comment; links to related research sites; contact information and details of project staff.
The Vintage Mill website, part of the Classical Utilitarianism Web Site, contains a number of complete texts by John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), the great nineteenth-century political theorist. They include his autobiography, which explains the foundation on which Mill became such a liberal thinker. A strong voice and activist in the reform movement for the improvement of women's rights, Mill's "The Subjection of Women" (1869) was a highly influential piece of prose, and is also included on the site, as is "Chapters on Socialism". This appeared in the Fortnight Review in 1879 outlines Mill's ideas on Socialism, which moved away from Marx's socialist ideas, and tended to side with William Morris' 'Utopian Socialism'. "Utilitarianism", Mill's definition of the great Victorian ideology, is also given on this website. This would be a beneficial read for those studying nineteenth-century history. Other of Mill's works on the website include: "Considerations on Representative Government", "Dissertation and Discussions", "On Liberty", "A System of Logic", and "Three Essays on Religion". There are links to further John Stuart Mill websites.
Based at Oxford University, the home page of The Voltaire Foundation serves as a useful starting point for introductory research on Voltaire (1694-1778) and the French Enlightenment, while promoting academic interaction and scholarship. In addition to supplying traditional paper publications of Voltaire's works, the foundation offers access to an electronic database of bibliographic resources relating to Voltaire and the Enlightenment. Two correspondence databases are also available through the e-projects link, one on Voltaire the other on Bernardin de Saint-Pierre (1737-1814). Academics looking to network with other scholars in this field may wish to consult the International Directory for Eighteenth Century Studies, or visit the research centres and libraries linked listed in the Institution pages.
The homepage of the Warburg Institute Library provides information on the collections of this impressive library that specialises mainly in the History of Art; Religion; Science; Philosophy; and Social and Political History. The library is particularly renowned for its holdings on the Renaissance and Humanism. With holdings of over 350,000 volumes, the Library, based in Central London, also has around 2,500 runs of periodicals. There is a complete microfiche edition of 4,800 pre-1800 volumes of the Cicognara collection in the Vatican Library. Another significant collection is the Holkham Hall Manuscripts, from the library of the Earls of Leicester, which contains classical, patristic and humanistic texts. The libraries of the Royal Numismatic Society and the British Numismatic Society are also housed at the Warburg. The website lists the subjects covered in the collections, links directly to the School of Advanced Study catalogue listings in that subject and displays the items held at the Warburg. Practical advice and information on using the library and access to collections are also provided.
This website, which is presented by the Warburg Institute, makes available digitised editions of out-of-print texts relating to Renaissance and Medieval topics. The Warburg Institute is a member institute of the School of Advanced Study in the University of London, and is dedicated to the study of the continuity of the classical tradition in European thought, literature, art and institutions. The texts presented via this site reflect aspects of this tradition and are taken from the Institute's collections. They are listed in thematic sections, including: Festivals; Game Books; Emblem Books; Encyclopaedias; Iconography of Christian Art; Mnemonics; Renaissance Platonism; Sources in the History of Astrology; Sources of Italian Art; and Survival of Classical Art. The texts are also accessible via alphabetical and chronological lists. The texts are made available through links to the online catalogue of the School of Advanced Study. Individual catalogue entries include links to PDF copies of the texts, which can then be downloaded. Each thematic section of the main site is accompanied by a list of useful related Web resources. In addition, the Sources in the History of Astrology section includes a page of brief introductions to some of the texts, giving information on their contents and significance.
Watermarks in Incunabula printed in the Low Countries (WILC) is an online database of paper watermarks that can be used to help identify the date of certain early printed books. The database is the work of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek (National Library of the Netherlands) and is linked to the Library's website. Both a simple and an advanced search form are provided, allowing the database to be searched by many fields, including: description of the watermark; date of printing; printer; place of printing; size of watermark; and position of watermark. Watermarks can also be browsed by the major image groups. An image of each watermark is provided (produced either through rubbing or electron radiography), which can be enlarged for easier viewing, or viewed as a PDF file. An introduction to the database and its methods of production is provided, as well as links to related websites and a bibliography. This resource would be of use to book historians and students of printing history.
This website freely offers an archive of the famous and influential book series 'The Whole Earth Catalog' and its associated magazine 'CoEvolution Quarterly'. These publications are generally credited with establishing a template for the (then-uninvented) Web. When first launched, this website archive was basic and seemed to contain only the text of these publications - but this has since been rectified and scans of all the original pages are now available through an intuitive (if somewhat frisky) Flash interface. Scans can be zoomed so that the text becomes readable and images seen with reasonable clarity. The Flash interface can also be made to appear in full screen mode. Pages can be located by typing the page number into the Flash interface. When compared to this reviewers' paper copies, scans do not appear to have been censored to accomodate certain modern sensitivities over drugs, sexuality, and forms of direct action. Articles can also be browsed by theme and title, and then found in plain text form. The website has a history of these influential publishing ventures, and profiles of the editors and other people connected with them. This will be a vital resource for those interested in a wide variety of topics. It will also be interesting to those investigating the influence of the English-speaking counterculture on the early Internet.
The website of the International Institute of Social History (IISH) includes in digitised format the archive collection of manuscripts belonging to the writer, designer, and socialist William Morris (1834-1896). The site provides access to digital reproductions of: How shall we live then?; As to bribing excellence; Why I am a communist; as well as a fragment of a letter in French written to May Morris following Morris's death. In keeping with the IISH's area of research, Morris's socialist past is briefly described, but the real value of this resource lies in the possibility to view original drafts of the above lectures, complete with phrases emphatically underlined and his scribbled corrections. The images are easily downloaded and each page is clearly numbered. The website also includes a bibliography focusing on works relating to Morris's socialist years and subsequent legacy.
Women and Marxism is part of the Marxist Internet Archive (MIA). This is a well maintained site that provides a broad range of writing on women's issues and Marxism from almost fifty nineteenth and twentieth century writers. Though not all the authors are Marxists their contributions are included to give context and reference to the cultural and political milieu in which women worked and agitated during their struggles. There are few references to contemporary Marxism-Feminism, the majority of transcriptions being represented by classic texts. Simple to navigate the site is divided into three sections; non-fiction authors, fiction and poetry, and subjects. Subjects is sub-divided into fourteen sections including sex relations, marriage, family, reproduction, labour and suffrage. The larger MIA site is administered and built by volunteers from all over the world, most of whom are non-academics.
This website aims to provide an overview of the international history of democracy, and includes a time-line of democracy and some articles reflecting on the ideal and practice of government in this fashion. The Web page has been compiled by Steve Muhlberger, who teaches history at Nipissing University in Canada, and is of a very high standard throughout. The website is very easy to navigate and also provides useful bibliography and internet reference sections.
The World Universities Network (WUN): Medieval Studies website is part of the WUN's ongoing efforts to promote international collaboration in research and teaching among its member institutions. The Medieval Studies group is an inter-disciplinary group that looks primarily at the themes: 'The Medieval Garden'; 'Multilingualism'; 'The Medieval Book'; and 'Emergence of the State'. These themes represent current research projects being undertaken by WUN members, such as 'The Online Froissart' (at the University of Sheffield); 'Multilingualism in the Middle Ages' (a collaboration between the Universities of: Bristol; Leeds; Utrecht; and Oslo among others); and 'The Digital Medieval Garden' (University of Bristol and Pennsylvania State University among others). The site provides: an overview of the WUN Medieval Studies group; details of the group's membership; links to the websites of the various projects; details of related events worldwide; and some online resources (mainly minutes of project meetings, project updates etc.). The site would be of use to researchers or scholars working in the group's areas of interest, as a tool for the exchange of ideas and information on these topics.