1492: An Ongoing Voyage is an online exhibition from the Library of Congress providing basic information on America before and after the 1492 voyage by Christopher Columbus. The exhibition examines the first sustained contacts between American people and European explorers, conquerors and settlers from 1492 to 1600 and looks at both pre- and post-contact America, as well as the Mediterranean world at the same time. The online exhibition arose out of an exhibition at the Library of Congress which took place in 1992-1993. The site has six main sections: What came to be called 'America'; Mediterranean World; Christopher Columbus; Inventing America; Europe claims America; and Epilogue. Objects include: Venetian Sailing Directions, in Stolfo, 1499; World Map, in Germanus, 1482; and an extract from Columbus' Book of Privileges. The site is well illustrated throughout and has a short bibliography of suggested reading material.
The website "Ireland 1798" is devoted to commemorating, exploring and describing the events surrounding the rebellion of 1798. The site includes original articles, chronologies, and biographies of some of the major figures of the time, although unfortunately it is marred by shoddy presentation and not all of the articles and extracts include proper references. Materials hosted on the site include: 'The Rise of the Defenders 1793-95' From The men of no property, Irish Radicals and Popular Politics in the Late Eighteenth Century, by Jim Smyth, 1992; The Battle of Kilcumney (Poem); The men of no popery - the origins of the Orange Order; 'The Rebellion in the North-East' from Eyewitness to 1798 by Terence Folley; 'The United Irishmen' from The Life and Times of Mary Ann McCracken by Mary O'Neill; Original Declaration of the United Irishmen.
This is the website of an AHRC-funded project which aimed to document and provide a critical framework around the activities which took place in 2007 in Museums to commemorate the bicentenary of the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade. In doing so 1807 Commemorated hoped to comprehend both the public memory of the occasion and strategies for policy makers and museum professionals in representing traumatic histories. Developed in three phases, the project undertook to: assess media coverage of the commemoration; to survey museum displays and artwork; to analyse audience response to this. The website documents the project, including interviews with museum professionals, reviews of 1807 related exhibitions, museum events and art works, reports on the audience response to these and a useful list of further resources.
The content of this Web page is based on an article published in the African Communist in 1973, shortly after the death of the revolutionary African leader, Amílcar Cabral (1924-1973). Born in Guinea, Cabral was one of the founders of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, which mobilised the struggle against Portuguese colonial rule. A man of action, Cabral nonetheless developed a strong ideological and philosophical framework for revolution. He had a close affiliation with communist principles, and acknowledged the support of the Soviet Union in the fight for independence in African countries. Even after his death he became a major role model and inspiration for oppressed people throughout Africa, in their struggle for national liberation. His name is well-known by all contemporary African leaders.
The website for the Anglo Boer War Museum in Bloemfontein, South Africa, catalogues the Boer perspective of the South African War of 1899-1902. The site contains information relating to Boer heroes such as General Louis Botha, President Paul Kruger and Emily Hobhouse, the English social worker who travelled to South Africa and became an outspoken critic of the concentration camps used by the British. Given that the Museum is located in Bloemfontein, the heartland of Afrikaner nationalism, the pro-Boer content of the website is to be expected, but there are some other content-related problems. There is no mention of the currently accepted terminology of the South African War to refer to this conflict, to acknowledge the number of black South Africans who also participated, no mention either of Sol Plaatje's writings on the conflict.
This website is published by the Maharajah Duleep Singh Centenary Trust (MDSCT) with funding from the Heritage Lottery Fund and English Heritage. The Anglo Sikh Heritage Trail aims to highlight Anglo Sikh history and provide resources for those studying and researching this area. The site lists all of the relevant locations, institutions and artefacts in the United Kingdom related to Anglo Sikh history, which can be browsed by region or searched by keyword. Also on the site are articles about particular historical figures like Maharajah Duleep Singh, events such as the nineteenth century Anglo-Sikh wars in India, and on topics such as Sikhs and the British Empire. The site is connected to facebook and offers a newsletter to keep subscribers up to date on the latest research and events. There is a kids section for younger students.
The website "Archaeology comes to the rescue of a 17th century shipwreck" is an attractive guide to the underwater archaeology of a 17th-century shipwreck on the north coast of the St. Lawrence estuary believed to be part of a fleet commanded by Sir William Phips' on his unsuccessful siege of Québec in 1690 during the intercolonial wars between New England and New France. The Anse aux Bouleaux wreck, named after the cove in which it was found in 1994, is the oldest in Québec and provides a wealth of information about 17th century ship-building in North America, as well as casting light on the day-to-day lives of mariners and soldiers in this period. The English and French language resource provides an account of the excavation from 1995 to 1997 together with information on the many artefacts recovered and their scientific conservation, key bibliographic references and a photo album. Some information is only available in French, such as the database of the artifacts.There is also an interactive didactic game for younger visitors which demonstrates the principles of underwater excavation. This website will benefit undergraduates and researchers in historic and maritime archaeology and provides much practical information on underwater techniques as well as the wider interpretative issues. It will also interest historians studying the colonial and military history of North American in the 17th century.
The Arctic Blue Books Online is a searchable electronic version of Andrew Taylor's index to 19th Century British Parliamentary Papers concerned with the Canadian Arctic. The index includes links to each page on which an index term appears. Accessing the database is possible by search, browse by page or browse by record. The digitised pages may be viewed at two levels of magnification and are printer friendly. An introduction and acknowledgements give detail about the work on this index and the whereabouts of the Arctic Blue Books. The website also contains a history of the Arctic Blue Books Index and an online version of Andrew Taylor's Preliminary Guide to the Blue Books and Parliamentary Papers. Abstracts of the papers are also available at the site.
Art and War is a site maintained by the Canadian War Museum. The site includes information on the three war art collections held in the Museum: the Canadian War Memorials of the First World War (1914-1918); the Canadian War Records of the Second World War (1939-1945); and the post-war Canadian Armed Forces Civilian Artist Program (1968-1995). The Museum's war art collections have no permanent exhibition space and some pieces have not been exhibited since the 1920s. Thus, this site offers an unusual opportunity to see rarely-shown artworks; they are posted in five virtual exhibitions here: Canadian Wartime Propaganda; Australia, Britain, and Canada in the Second World War; Masterpieces from the Canadian War Museum; Military Munnings; and Second World War: Canada's War Artists Perspective. Of particular note here are impressionist paintings from the Great War made by future members of the Group of Seven and their contemporaries. Paintings and posters are intermingled with photographs and augmented by well-written historical commentary. A subsite documents the design and construction of the Canadian war memorial at Vimy Ridge. There is also information on women artists and the British war art program.
Navigation is acceptable; however, the fact that images cannot be enlarged to a higher resolution diminishes the accessibility and quality of the pictures on the site. The site is available in English and French.
The Atlas of Mutual Heritage website offers a database of information on former colonial settlements of the Dutch East India Company (Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC) in Africa and Asia and the Dutch West India Company (West-Indische Compagnie, WIC) in the Americas, including maps, paintings, drawings and prints. Currently the database contains over 5000 digitised images drawn from a variety of library and archive collections in the Netherlands and abroad. It offers extensive search and browse facilities.
The Australian Federation database has been created by the University of Sydney Library. The site provides access to full-text primary source material relating to the debates and conventions of the 1890s leading up to Federation. The documents include participants’ accounts and other contextual material from the time. It is possible to search or browse the site. The material can be browsed either by title or author. Keyword searches can be carried out on the full-text of the documents or on the bibliographic header or the speaker’s name. It is possible to further limit searches by the state of origin and/or the session. The Australian Federation database is part of the Scholarly Electronic Text and Image Service (SETIS) at the University of Sydney Library.
The Austrian History Yearbook was founded in 1965. It is the main established English-language journal devoted to the history of the former Habsburg territories of East Central Europe - now Austria; the Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia-Herzegovina; along with parts of Italy; Poland; Ukraine; Romania; and Serbia. The site notes that the fall of the Soviet Union and subsequent attempts to stabilise the former Eastern bloc has encouraged a renewed interest in the region's Habsburg history. The journal publishes annually and features peer reviewed articles; forums on important historical issues; and reviews. There are instructions on submission, subscription, and ordering back issues from the publishers. Tables of contents are listed going back to the first volume. The journal is sponsored by the Center for Austrian Studies at the University of Minnesota and the Society for Austrian and Habsburg History. The latter is an affiliate society of the American Historical Association, its Conference Group on Central European History, and the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies.
Previously a site dealing with the history of the Austro-Hungarian army from 1914 to 1918, this ambitious project now extends back to 1848. With information drawn from secondary sources as well as the original army lists and the official Austrian history of the Great War, this resource provides lists of officers with selected short biographies of leading commanders of the army from the mid-nineteenth century through World War I. These include Field Marshals, 1848-1918; Colonel Generals, 1915-1918; officers promoted to full general, 1859-1918. There are pages devoted to the orders of battle; names and organisation of regiments; descriptive lists of medals, orders and decorations with names and some biographies of those who won them; lists and descriptions of battles and campaigns and their participants. This information is supported by a translated military glossary (from German and Hungarian); excellent illustrations epitomised by a portrait gallery; and a good annotated links page that includes archival and museum links as well as sites devoted to military history. There is a discussion forum for users. Navigation is best through the site map and site search machine. The site provides good detail on individuals and campaigns. But the military history represented here does not include analytical papers from military historians or related excerpts from primary sources (such as soldiers’ diaries) - and hence does not expand upon the long-standing social and political significance of the army in the earlier consolidation of the monarchy. Nor is there yet a substantial contextualisation here of the correlation between military defeat and the end of the Habsburg Empire in 1918. Nonetheless, this site notably contributes to a history largely unavailable online. Moreover, the relative newness of the site suggests that these additional historical aspects of the Austro-Hungarian army may yet be anticipated by site visitors.
Aztec codices is a website providing access to digitized facsimiles of the Codex Magliabecchi and the Codex Laud. Produced by the J. Willard Marriott Library of the University of Utah, full colour reproductions of the codices may be searched or browsed by folio. Derived from the large collection of facsimiles held by the library, these codices are two famous volumes concerning Mesoamerican life. Created in Mexico in the colonial period, they consider the Aztec, Mixtec and Cholulan peoples. The Codex Laud is a pictorial manuscript, whilst the Codex Magliabecchi (also known as the Codex Magliabecchianus) is both pictures and text. This is a unique resource which is valuable to specialist academics and useful to the general reader interested in viewing these fascinating and colourful works.
This is the main page of the BBC History website's section on the rise of the British Empire and the progress that was made in sea power in the 18th and early 19th centuries. The site offers an overview of the period 1714-1837, plus a range of articles on topics such as: Horatio Nelson and Trafalgar; Wellington and Waterloo; Empire and industry; slavery; and the voyages of Captain Cook. These are supplemented by image galleries and interactive learning activities. Links to other relevant Web resources are also provided: a short list is given at the bottom of the main page, with longer selections alongside individual articles within the section. This resource is perhaps best suited to those wanting a general overview of the subject (new undergraduates, for example, or those teaching introductory courses), although some sections do contain articles by eminent scholars. The site is attractively presented and easy to use.
This is a BBC History website about the American War of Independence (1775-1783) to accompany Richard Holmes's Rebels and Redcoats series, broadcast on BBC Two in 2003. The series attempted to dispel some of the prevailing myths about the war, and Professor Holmes's main article on the subject is presented here, along with links to other articles discussing the whys and wherefores of revolution in general, such as: Francis Cogliano's Was the American Revolution Inevitable?; Kenneth Morgan's Trade and the British Empire: A Symbiotic Relationship; Professor Andrew Potter's Britain's Empire in 1815; and Professor John Belchem's Thomas Paine: Citizen of the World. There are also links to other BBCi History resources, including interactive military history activities, timelines, and short biographies of William Pitt and King George III.
Provided by the BBC History website, 'The Story of the Conquistadors' is an article written by Michael Wood concerning the conquest of the Aztecs of Mexico by Cortés in the 16th century. Well known for his television work as a documentary writer and presenter, Michael Wood presented a BBC series, 'The Conquistadors', with an accompanying book, on which this article is based. A brief and neatly sectioned account of the Spanish conquest of Mexico, 'The Story of the Conquistadors' manages to encompass many of the broader themes and ideas which are raised by this event. Suitable for the younger or general reader, this article is too basic to be useful to an academic researcher, but is nonetheless a useful summary account which encompasses primary sources and raises interesting questions in an accessible manner.
The website "This Sceptred Isle" complements the BBC Radio 4 programme of the same name that bills itself as "the easiest way to learn the history of Britain". This excellent and user-friendly website treats British History from the Roman invasion to the present day. It features snippets that lead on to more comprehensive articles, a quiz, a search facility, and links to other BBC Websites of interest to those with a penchant for History. The site is of most use to equip to the user with a basic knowledge of British History, and there are useful time lines. There are also links to other useful sites, and helpful, random pieces of information at the side of the main text. The material is generally presented in chronological order with a separate section on dynasties.
The BBC website on the First World War consists of a number of essays by well-known historians about various aspects of the conflict. The material is organised in several chapters: Descent into War; Campaigns and Battles; The World at War; The Human Experience; Trenches - The virtual tour; Debates; and Making Peace. These chapters include topics such as: The Origins of World War One; From Disaster to Victory, the British Army from 1916-1918; War and Revolution in Russia 1914-1921; the Middle East during the war; the roles of British colonial countries such as India and Australia; the situation in Ireland; and the Versailles Peace Treaty but also an entire visual history of the war in the World War One Movies. There is a reassessment of the competence of the British generals, and an analysis of the circumstances surrounding those shot for desertion. Headlines from the Daily Mirror are reproduced to illustrate the press coverage of the war. Multimedia images, recordings, maps and reconstructions round off this excellent resource.
This webpage briefly describes an AHRC-funded three year interdisciplinary study into Bengali migration in South Asia and the United Kingdom since 1947. The project crosses history, sociology and anthropology, to examine the origins of the migrants, their experiences and how these have been shaped by their settlement location. Doing so, the project aims to examine the sharp distinction made by current diaspora theory between economic and forced migrations.
Beyond the Map: The Northwest Passage is a website developed by the Maritime Museum of British Columbia, Canada. With virtual exhibitions based on the Museum's collections, the site describes the history of the Pacific North Western region of North America from the period of settlement by indigenous peoples through initial European exploration in the 18th century. The site is divided into nine extensive subsections, each of which provides a substantial amount of information in the form of videos and scanned images within essays entitled: Why Explore?; Northwest Passage; Sea-going Capitalism; the Explorers; Ships and Technology; Historical Climate; Who Writes History; Daily Expedition Life; and First Nations and New Arrivals. From the origins of exploration in the Pacific Northwest to the European desire to find an alternate trading route to Asia besides the Silk Road, all information is well presented and aimed at an upper primary-secondary level. There are also excellent teaching tools here, including: a pictorial interactive timeline; a teacher's section with teaching materials and charts for a range of primary and secondary levels; and an online game with a sign-in function. A bibliography is provided. The site is also available in French.
The Biblioteca Digital Hispanica offers digital access to collections in Spanish from the national library of Spain, including: manuscripts; books; maps; and photos from the fifteenth century onwards. Collections of interest comprise the exhibition on the War of Independence in 1808 as well as the Colección Hispanoamérica. The map collection also includes several British printed early maps of the Caribbean, North and South America. The digitised material is eclectic; the War of Independence exhibition includes maps, images, musical scores as well as manuscripts while the Hispanic Collection provides access to official documents and reports of the time. Each exhibition provides bibliographic information for each record as well as a thumbnail image and JPEGs which are available to download. It is also possible to save and email records, and to create a personal workspace on the site. This is an incredible resource for anyone looking for Spanish primary sources from the 19th century, particularly those interested in the relationship between Spain and Latin America. It would also be useful for researchers of the 18th century as the collection of early maps is equally strong.
'The Birch: A journal of Eastern European and Eurasian Culture' is a full-text ejournal published by Columbia University. At February 2009 there are six issues freely available online, and these are in English. Issues up to Spring 2007 are presented as HTML, and thereafter each issue is presented as a single PDF file. The journal presents articles, criticism, and creative writing. Example article titles from the most recent issue include: 'The Populist Moment in Russian Literature: The Writings of Nikolai Chernyshevsky'; 'Unexpected Palatalization in English Music by Native Russian Singers'; 'Justifying the Great Patriotic War in the Soviet Union Through Films'; and 'Let Them See Us!: An Examination of Poland’s Post-Communist Gay Rights Movement', among others. The website has details of the editors, editorial board, and the submissions process.
This online exhibition is published by the National Archives and the Black and Asian Studies Association, with funding from the New Opportunities Fund. It focuses on black and Asian history in Britain from 1500 to 1850. Information on the site includes: early times; black Romans, black Romans in Scotland, black Settlers in Tudor times; adventurers and slavers in Africa and the Caribbean; West Africa before the Europeans; Africa and the Atlantic slave trade; Britain and the slave trade; the Caribbean and the slave trade; the Caribbean and resistance; India before the Europeans; India and the British; forced labour; work and community, with partial reference to the Royal Navy; and human rights, including the movement to abolish the slave trade. There are also two mini-exhibitions, called 'Learning Journeys,' on the site: 'A Virtual tour of Black and Asian presence in London, Bristol and Liverpool'; and 'An 18th Century Voyage of Discovery.' Each gallery incorporates digitised primary source material taken from the National Archives and other repositories, and features biographies of notable black and Asian people in British history. Sections also include helpful bibliographic information, glossaries and links, particularly to additional resources in the National Archives. Carefully presented and researched, the site should prove an excellent starting point for students and teachers.
This Web page offers a very brief description of an AHRC-funded research based at the University of Cambridge’s Department of Social Anthropology. Through focussing on two cosmopolitan port cities (Odessa and Istanbul) – both associated with long histories of imperialism and migration - the project aims to unpick "facets of cosmopolitanism created by the authoritarian state".
'Botanical and Cultural Images of Eastern Asia, 1907-1927' is a free online exhibition offered by the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University. It contains photographs and biographical details of the plant collecting expeditions of the early 20th century. The website has details of the collectors: John George Jack (1861–1949); Ernest Henry Wilson (1876-1930); Frank Nicholas Meyer (1875-1918); William Purdom (1880–1921); Joseph Hers (1884–1965); and Joseph Rock (1884–1962). The British collector Wilson, alone, has 2,488 of his images accessible via this website, which interfaces with the Visual Information Access archive at Harvard. This website provides a comprehensive search form, leading to VIA thumbnail images of original photographs, and extensive annotations, all without any online registration. There are short illustrated biographical essays on each of the plant hunters. There are also four themed "What They Saw" photography galleries, titled: 'Magnificent Trees'; 'Buildings and Bridges'; 'Daily Life'; and 'Landscapes'. Images within these galleries are clear and crisp, and usually at a large 770-pixels on the longest side. Images are presented using Flash, without watermarks. Some images are in colour.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "British East India Company: Salaries Paid to 'Clerks', 1760-1850" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This resource lists by name, occupation, year, department, and years of experience of clerks employed in the British East India Company between 1760 and 1850. It provides an indication of middle class incomes received by a significant group of men in the middle and upper sections of London's middle class during the classic years of the British industrial revolution.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'British Economic Imperialism, 1869-1914', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data itself is available to order from the HDS, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). The data comprises a time series of 46 cases, 1869-1914, consisting of 134 variables recording information on various aspects of the British economy. Data were collected from the most recent available studies in economic history, econometrics, and political science.
The website "The British Empire", created by an enthusiast teacher, is devoted to the history of the British Empire, and offers a range of material dealing with Britain's colonial past. The site is split into several sections, and covers various aspects of the British Empire, from the armed forces to art, culture and science. Also available are maps, useful timelines, which record Britain's activities alongside world events and developments in the arts and sciences, articles, biographies and a bibliography. At present the site is particularly strong on the cultural impact of the existence of the British Empire, as Professor John MacKenzie has contributed a lot of material on this subject. The site does not actually focus on the history of any individual countries, and there is little attention paid to decolonisation and the end of empire. Instead the focus is much more on the structures of empire, like the armed forces, and the experience of individuals.
The British Empire website is an interactive exhibition published by The National Archives under the Learning Curve project. The content is divided into three galleries, which cover the rise of the British Empire in the 17th and 18th centuries, life in the British Empire, and its end in the twentieth century. In each gallery there is a set of digitised primary sources, including maps, letters, images and documents, published with background information and questions designed to help users engage with and analyse the sources. A glossary and world maps are also tools for learners and teachers available on the site. The exhibition has been designed with school-age learners in mind, and the interactive quizzes and worksheets highlight this. However the quality of the exhibition and its resources makes it a valuable site for users at all educational levels.
British Empire Studies is an online portal for historians of colonial and imperial history, containing a number of resources to aid research and study, and is part of the electronic resources of the British Library. The site was initiated by an academic historian whose research interests focus primarily on Britain's imperial history. It is comprised of five sections: Cultural Contacts, 1492-1969; Empire Writing and the Literature of Empire; The Visible Empire; Religion and Empire; and Race, Class and Colonialism, c1783-1969 . The portal lists links to webs sites for museums, libraries, archives, institutes and universities, conferences, journals, bibliographies, mailing lists and other online British Empire resources. Also available on the site is a research directory of academics working in this field, a selection of recommended books, a British Empire mailing list and email discussion group, and a brief introduction to the history of the British Empire. Access to the web page has been restricted to the workstations within the British Library.
This is the website of the Nairobi-based British Institute in Eastern Africa, which promotes research into the archaeology, history, linguistics and anthropology of Eastern Africa. Founded in 1959 to challenge the Euro-centric view of the region, the Institute supports researchers and recent graduates, holds conferences and seminars, maintains a library, undertakes research projects, and publishes books and the peer-reviewed journal ‘Azania’ (some limited content available online). The website contains short descriptions of current research projects, including the AHRC-funded project ‘Belief and belonging: religion and identity in northern Kenya’ which explores the dramatic shifts which have taken place in the last fifty years in relationships between religion, ethnic identity and landscape in northern Kenya.
This is an extract of a letter written in 1883 by a representative of the New Hebrides Missionary, listing the reasons the missionaries thought the British government should take possession of the New Hebrides group of the South Sea Islands. This page is part of the Internet Modern History Sourcebook website produced by Fordham University, New York.
The British presence in Southern Patagonia website aims to draw together historical and genealogical information about all aspects of British life in Southern Patagonia. There are four main categories of records: People; Civil Society; Official Records and Business. Each category contains links to subcategories, such as Schools, Consuls, Shipping or Wills which pull together official and private records of life in Patagonia in the 19th and 20th centuries. The site also provides links to maps of the area and family photo albums as well as providing several rare and unique primary sources and first-hand reports, including books, diaries and newspapers. There is also a closed forum where people can post information or queries about Southern Patagonia. This is an invaluable and unique resource for the researcher of Britain's agricultural, commercial and social involvement in Argentina. The additions of varied primary sources make this an excellent site for students and researchers of social history, as well as genealogists.
'British Scholar' is a full-text ejournal published by the British Scholar Society and the British Studies program at the University of Texas at Austin. At March 2009 there is one issue online (Sept 2008). Example article titles include: 'The British Identity, 1851-2008'; 'Debating Britain and Europe, 1688-1815'; and 'Anti-Jewish Philosemitism: British and Hebrew Affinity and Nineteenth Century British Antisemitism', among others. The journal also publishes book reviews. The website also has details of the Advisory Board and submissions process, and associated conferences. Visitors to the 2007 British Scholar Society conference page will find there an additional three full-text papers in PDF form: 'Understandings of Space in Early Eighteenth Century London'; 'Royalty and Democracy in 1953 Jamaica: Crafting Independence in a New Elizabethan Age'; and 'Immigration and the Commonwealth, 1948-1962'. There are also 15 profiles of notable scholars in the field (see: Features / Scholars' Corner). Future issues of the journal may not have all articles in full-text form, since the editors currently invite subscriptions to the paper version, and promise that subscribers will have..."unlimited access to the online version".
British Settlers in Argentina aims to publish Anglo-Argentine genealogical information by providing access to records from Argentina that document the presence of British settlers in the 19th and 20th century. Records from the National Archives in Buenos Aires and in London are covered and include: baptisms; marriages; deaths; and burials from "the Anglican and Scots Presbyterian churches, transcripts from the National Archives in Buenos Aires and London, Argentine census returns and contemporary publications." Search functionality is provided or you can browse for records by: Church; province; marriage; or burial. Records include photos, where applicable, as well as a general introduction. Descriptive essays also provide general information about key themes of the day, including "Immigration from Britain" and "Pioneering Days". Lists of people who joined the early agricultural colonies is covered wherever possible as well as descriptive letters. This is a particularly useful site for anyone interested in Anglo-Argentine relationships and it provides much pertinent material which would otherwise by unavailable to the researcher. The inclusion of several primary sources also makes this a valuable site for the student as well as the researcher or genealogist.
The Brits in South America database gathers together birth, marriage, death and immigration information about British expatriates in South America. This plain and simple website provides details of over 21,000 records covering most countries in South America. Names of the emigrants are given along with the source of information, which include journals, lists, newspapers and censuses. They can be browsed alphabetically or by group, which includes: railways; mining; Irish; Scottish or Welsh. The database also includes link pages which provide an extensive list of related websites and published books that would be of use to the researcher or genealogist of the period. The website only provides basic information about British citizens living in South America yet its breadth means that it would be useful for anyone starting research on this subject.
This massive database and reference website enables one to research Canadians who participated in the Great War, perhaps the first place to begin any serious research. The website is very extensive and there are over 73,000 records of individual soldiers in the database. Not all entries have full details but these are being built up soldier-by-soldier. In addition, there is now a section which facilitates the access and reading of many of the digitised Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) war diaries, and now also a section of British Expeditionary Force (BEF) war diaries. The website, moreover, provides a wealth of information on Canada's role during the First World War - including maps of battles, timelines of events, and a number of essays and articles. This website will be of invaluable use to those interested in Canadian military history, the history of the First World War, and possibly also as a family history/genealogy research tool.
This website provides information about privateers and privateering in Canada. The site focuses primarily on Nova Scotia during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, although it does contextualise practices to some extent. It features a list of people known to have been involved with Canadian privateering from 1793 to 1805, with information about the ships they sailed in. There is also a longer (though less detailed) list of Canadian privateer vessels from 1690 to 1815. The text of a logbook is reproduced on the site, detailing a six month privateering voyage in the West Indies from November 1799 to June 1800. Various other primary documents have also been transcribed, such as: a privateering advertisement from 1779; a 1798 cruise report from the privateer ship Charles Mary Wentworth; a letter describing a privateer chase by the ship Duke of Kent in 1799; and the 1813 Letter of Marque from the Liverpool Packet. There is a frequently asked questions section, and a do-it-yourself letter of marque for those wishing to pretend they have been offered a privateering contract by George III.
This website presents a wealth of information on the history of the Canadian Armed Forces throughout the twentieth century. Of particular note is the description of the history of the Canadian Armed Forces, which will be of great benefit to those starting research or study in this field. The website is arranged thematically (with headings such as 'Organisation', 'Uniform', 'Insignia', 'Weapons', 'Enemies' and so on) and each section has a large volume of information. The menu-bars running down the left-hand side of the page, which provide access to most of the information on the site, are perhaps a little small and could be made more obvious. Nonetheless, these Web pages provide an excellent introduction to the history of Canada's efforts in war during the twentieth century.
This online exhibition, Caribbean Online: Routes to Roots, focuses on archival material related to Caribbean history and politics is from the Commonwealth Institute. The exhibition examines a number of themes in Caribbean history in a broadly chronological sequence, including slavery and abolition, agriculture and trade, the experience of soldiers from the Caribbean in World War One, independence and the development of trade unions and political parties. A highly user-friendly resource, there is a wealth of information on all things Caribbean. A number of images under various different headings can be browsed, along with a bibliography of further reading and a number of links to relevant Web pages.
The website "Caribbean Views: the full collection", which is part of the Online Gallery made available by the British Library, presents digitised images of sources relating to the history of the British West Indies in the 18th and early 19th centuries. The sources have been gathered from the British Library's collections, which are rich in material covering the English slave trade in particular. The image collection includes: views and illustrations; maps; manuscript accounts; and many printed texts. These present a variety of perspectives on life in the Caribbean, including those of British plantation-owners and abolitionists, in addition to the experiences of slaves themselves. The texts include extracts from important documents for the history of slavery, such as: Olaudah Equiano's autobiography; Wedderburn's "The Horrors of Slavery"; Sir Hans Sloane's "Voyages to the Islands"; and many others. This is a rich collection which will be appreciated by all with an interest in the history of the Caribbean and of slavery. It is likely to be particularly useful for school pupils and students. The source material is presented as a list of thumbnail images that can be sorted by date or title. Each image can be clicked to access the item page, which provides: bibliographical detail; a descriptive text; a link to a large version of the item image; and a link to a version of the image with zoom and pan functions. The document images are supplemented by a useful text introduction covering the historical background to the collections. The Online Gallery search function can be used to search this and other collections by keyword.
The aim of the CASBAH project is to identify and chart national research resources for Caribbean Studies and the history of Black and Asian people in Britain. The project is working with a wide range of UK partner institutions to survey archive holdings of printed and audio-visual materials. Fairly detailed collection-level descriptions of these holdings are available via an online database. The project's website provides full details of the aims and deliverables of the project, partner institutions, and progress reports. The site also includes a series of archive survey reports (e.g. The Institute of Race Relations; London Metropolitan Archive; Wolverhampton Archive and Local Studies Unit). Regional surveys are also planned and sample descriptions of printed and audio-visual collections are available. The Project has also created a list of (unannotated) links to news, publications, events, and related resources. An image gallery is also included with the site.CASBAH receives funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP).
The Centre for Contemporary British History (CCBH) is a research department of the Institute of Historical Research, University of London. Their site provides information about conferences, seminars and publications produced by the CCBH and others on contemporary British History. Access is also provided to primary source material and related data from their extensive witness seminar programme - also branded 'Oral History Programme' on the website. These are group discussions led by a scholar, in which key individuals revisit an important event or development in the recent past. are being built up into an online archive. The texts of many of these discussions and the associated papers are made available through this site - some for free (just require you to register and login), others will be posted to you on CD for a fee. Seminars already online include: Anglo-German Relations and German Reunification; Britain and Europe; 'The Poor Get Poorer Under Labour': The Validity and Effects of CPAG's Campaign in 1970; the development of Concorde; the Rise and Fall of the Bretton Woods Agreement; the Development of North Sea Oil and Gas; the Origins and Establishment of the Internal Market in the NHS; the Resistance to the Poll Tax; Rhodesian UDI; Section 28 and the revival of Gay, Lesbian and Queer Politics in Britain; The Abortion Act 1970; the British Response to the Strategic Defence Initiative (SDI or Star Wars) in the 1980s; the Historiography of the Communist Party of Great Britain; Intelligence Services in the Second World War; The Nott Review; and the role of the British Embassy in Moscow, and in Washington; the Role of the Speaker in the House of Commons; the Move to the Sandys White Paper of 1957.
The website Centre for Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies presents the genesis, staff members, and current programmes of this research centre (formerly the Centre for the Study of Britain and its Empire) at the University of Southampton. The staff list links to the home page of each individual, and further information on the courses available can be found by searching the University website. The main page also refers to three collections of papers, namely the Wellington Papers Database, the Palmerston Papers Database and the Mountbatten Papers Database. Searchable online databases for these are available via the University Libraries Special Collections home page. The website of the Centre is simple and straightforward; introduces the latest news and upcoming conferences and offers an overview of its activities and interests.
This is the homepage of the Chinese Maritime Customs Project, an AHRC-funded research project based at the University of Bristol which ran from 2003 to 2007. Historians and specialists from Cambridge University and the Second Historical Archives of China also contributed to this effort to understand "British imperial history, and the history of modern globalization in China, by focusing on the role the Chinese Maritime Customs Service and its staff played in these historical processes." The project produced a new catalogue of some 55,000 files in the archives of the Chinese Maritime Customs Service, which are held at the Second Historical Archives at Nanjing. This catalogue is digitised but not publicly available online; the site however, offers a detailed description of the collections and former project members still run searches in the catalogue if researchers contact them directly. Also of note here is an exhibition mounted by project members in 2007 and 2008 of Chinese customs and Sino-British imperial historical photographs run in London, Bath and Durham. Part of this exhibition is described on a subsite, Picturing China, 1870-1950: Photographs from British Collections. The exhibition's companion volume has been published and can be ordered from the site. Many digitised photos and scanned images of these materials also appear online at the linked site, Historical Photographs of China. This latter site results from cooperation between scholars at the University of Bristol, University of Lincoln, and the Institut d'Asie Orientale.
The Chinese Maritime Customs Project has additionally prepared 350 microfilm reels of archival documents on the history of the Chinese Maritime Customs service (the Imperial Maritime Customs service until 1912). The site names researchers and scholars formerly affiliated with the project. There are also links here to related research projects and archival holdings which will be extremely valuable for scholars, including: personal papers of customs officials; data sets on imports and exports created by Professor Thomas Lyons of Cornell University and Professor Hans Van de Ven of Cambridge University; data sets on individuals' customs careers, customs flags and customs medals; published monographs and research handbooks; and Chinese coast family histories. In addition, the site posts downloadable research bibliographies; gives instructions for purchasing occasional papers; requests information from genealogists; and has a discussion board.
Churchill: the Evidence is the National Library of Scotland's online educational and exhibition resource for the life and times of Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965). It has been created by the National Library and the Churchill Archives Centre, and is based on a major exhibition in the summer of 1999. It uses original documents and photographs to tell the story of one of the twentieth century's most important figures including his service as Prime Minister during the darkest days of the Second World War in the "Life and Time" section. This website has a large section with resources for schools for each stage, including guides for teaching; activity sheets; and teaching materials. Texts can be downloaded in PDF format.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Colonial Possession: Personal Property and Social Identity in British India, 1780-1848' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The research assesses the acquisition, use, meaning and circulation of personal possessions by propertied Britons in India, c. 1780-1850. Quantitative data from wills and a unique collection of inventories was collected to underpin qualitative analysis of changing consumer preferences within the Anglo-Indian community, and the social and familial functions of British consumer behaviour in a cross-cultural and colonial context. The research addressed key historiographical debates such as the impact of the colonial encounter upon consumption and the development of a consumer culture; the interaction of race, class and legitimacy in the formation of British identities in India; and the shift from Orientalism to Anglicisation among the Anglo-Indian community. Wills were studied to establish the typical patterns of bequests among the European population on the subcontinent, focussing especially upon the treatment of illegitimacy and concubinage, and the treatment of servants and slaves. Inventories yielded information about the rich material culture of British India, with a range of consumer goods, from enemas to telescopes, being recorded; where possible, information was also taken upon the purchasers of these items. Particularly valuable is the database’s information on book ownership and exchange, an area of historical enquiry bedevilled by limited source information. The resource consists of a database, made up of 17 tables, recording information taken from the wills and inventories: decedent details; possession of a variety of items (including books, hygiene items, and clothing); details of purchasers for these items; bequest details from wills, including both detailed information on the recipients of individual bequests and a more general coding of the bequest-pattern adopted by the decedent, and information on the treatment of slaves and servants within the wills. A user guide giving information as to the structure of the database and the decisions made about recording information in the database is also provided.
The article 'Colonizing America' appears on the National Maritime Museum website, and focuses on Sir Humphrey Gilbert's unsuccessful attempts to colonize North America and Walter Ralegh's later projects in establishing English settlements in the same region. This publication is part of a biography of Queen Elizabeth I.
Created in 1989 as part of the 500th Anniversary of The Encounter of Two Worlds, the Computerized Information Retrieval System (CIRS) on 'Columbus and the age of discovery' is a valuable website for information regarding Christopher Columbus and the discovery of America. An accessible database of over 1100 full-text articles on the encounters between Europe and Central and South America from 1492 onwards, the CIRS is searchable by subject or keyword, and contains text from diverse sources including journals, newspapers and official speeches. Including articles on relevant aspects of Spanish, Pre-Columbian, and Mesoamerican culture, the CIRS particularly focuses on Christopher Columbus and his exploration in the Atlantic and Caribbean worlds. Awarded the status of an "Official Project" by the U.S. Christopher Columbus Quincentenary Jubilee Commission and the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, this website has also received a number of deserved awards for humanities and educational web design.The CIRS should be a first port of call for any researcher into Christopher Columbus or the encounter between the Old World and the New.
This webpage outlines Harold Mytum’s AHRC-funded research project into the funerary monuments associated with Scots settlers in Ulster, North America and Australia. Through examining graveyard memorials, texts and symbols the shifting patterns of cultural and political affiliations can be traced over time and place and the dynamic relation between coloniser and colonised can be illuminated. The website describes work to date, as well as providing links to Mytum’s other work, including graveyard research.
Using original documents, the excellent "Conflict" web site focuses upon three specific periods of military conflict in British and American history - the invasion of England by William of Orange in 1688 ("The Glorious Revolution"); the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745; and the American War of Independence (1773-1789). Originally a printed set of history teaching packs for secondary schools and university undergraduates produced by the University of Nottingham, these learning materials are based on papers from the archives of the University Manuscripts and Special Collections Library. The materials have now been digitized. The 1688 conflict which resulted in the accession of William III and Mary II, is viewed through the correspondence between William Bentinck (the Earl of Portland) and William, Prince of Orange (who became King William III of England). The 1745 Rebellion of the Jacobites, led by James Stuart ("The Young Prentender"), is illustrated by the use of the private papers of the First Minister Henry Pelham, as well as the Book of Military Orders for the Culloden Campaign by the Duke of Cumberland, who commanded the King's forces against the Jacobites. The American Revolutionary War (or War of Independence) is seen through the eyes of Sir Henry Clinton, the British Commander in Chief, and his letters home between 1774 and 1783. These contemporary documents are complemented throughout with illustrations, historical commentaries, bibliographies and a glossary of terms.
Connecting Histories is a web resource aiming to make more visible archive collections (including documents and photographs) relating to the experiences of immigrant communities within Birmingham and the Black Country. The website explores a variety of different communities histories, connecting them to areas of the city, through texts, guided walks and exhibitions. The project involved local communities during its life (2005-2007) and the website archives these, and acts a s a permanent way both of heightening communities’ histories and offering a selection of useful teaching resources to continue supporting communities own explorations of their pasts. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund and part funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council.
Hosted by PBS and Oregon Public Broadcasting, 'The Conquistadors' is an "online learning adventure" which is intended to help with the teaching of the conquest of the New World to middle and high-school pupils.Following in the footsteps of four conquistadors, Hernan Cortes, Francisco Pizarro, Francisco Orellana and Cabeza de Vaca, the website explores the native peoples which they encountered in Mexico, Peru, Amazonia and North America. Providing a teaching guide which includes lesson plans and learning materials on the Aztecs and Incas, the website provides suggestions for teachers on useful classroom activities and the best ways to use the site to encourage learning.Published in parallel to the 'Conquistadors' documentary of the well-known writer and presenter Michael Wood, this site also contains an interesting journal of his experiences making the documentary, which incorporates some of his insights into Central and South America. An interactive time-line of the conquest and a forum for student and teacher discussion are also useful complements to this well-constructed learning resource.
'Contributions in Black Studies: a Journal of African and Afro-American Studies' (CIBS) is a free full-text academic journal, placed online by the W.E.B. Du Bois Department of Afro-American Studies at UMass Amherst in the U.S.A. The CIBS journal ran from 1977 to 1997, and all issues are now online for free. Example articles include: 'Afro-American Women: A Brief Guide to Writings from Historical and Feminist Perspectives'; 'Afro-American Identity: Reflections on the Pre-Civil War Era'; and 'The British Army's African Recruitment Policy, 1790-1807', among many others - and a special issue (1993) on the films of Ousmane Sembene. This will be a useful resource for those working in Black Studies, and especially for those seeking to track the changing ideas within this field over several decades. The website also has a short history of the journal and its editors.
This website grew out of an exhibition of the collection, held by the University of Göttingen, which showcased some 300 Pacific island artefacts collected by James Cook on his famous voyages in the 1700s. The site, which is very easy to navigate and use, also has research essays, an extensive bibliography and links to other online resources on James Cook. There are three options to search for resources: users can browse by 'place' (i.e. where the artefacts came from); by 'category' (i.e. what the artefacts are - such as combs or clothing) or browse all, which simply lists the artefacts. Each artefact has an image and details relating to its construction, materials, origins and so on. The Web page is highly valuable to historians of the Pacific Islands in the eighteenth century, and is of very significant general interest.
This website makes available the full text of papers presented at an ongoing series of multidisciplinary conferences, organised by the University of the West Indies School of Continuing Studies, which are held in the non-campus countries of the anglophone Caribbean. The first conference took place in 2000 in St Kitts and Nevis. Papers featured here are mostly from historical, literary, or social science perspectives; each conference takes its host country as the main theme. As such, users will find papers on, for example: the Spanish language in Antigua and Barbuda; identity and ethnicity in Belize; the visual arts in Grenada; constitutional modernisation in Montserrat and the Cayman Islands; and liberalised radio broadcasting in St Vincent and the Grenadines. The papers from a 2004 conference on the life and works of Jean Rhys are also available, together with links to full-text articles and other useful online resources for the study of this Dominican-born writer. Other general resources on the site include an annotated bibliography of humanities and social science works on Grenada published between 1763 and 1950, and a biography of T.A. Marryshow (1887-1958), one of the key figures in Grenada's political history, and the West Indies Federation.
This webpage describe an AHRC-funded research project “examining the ties that linked Jamaican slaveholders with Britain“. It focuses particularly on Simon Taylor, a well-documented slaveholder in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The page outlines the proposed research and places it in context with the emerging study of the white Caribbean minority.
This extraordinary website, "The Dark", has been developed by the multimedia team Braunarts for the Department for Culture, Media and Sport's website Culture Online. It is an educational resource that explores Britain's role in the slave trade during the eighteenth century. It is based on the lives of radical Liverpudlian poet Edward Rushton, reformed slave ship captain John Newton, and an enslaved African named Quamina. The site is highly unusual because it is entirely audio, the only visual part being the introduction. The main part of the site is comprised of interactive audio scenes that explore the lives of the three men through dramatised stories. The Dark is free to download, although this can be lengthy depending on Internet capability. It is easy to navigate once ready, and it offers an intriguing online experience. At the time of review, the download of PC was suspended but is was available for MAC users. Those interested can order the CD from the creators of the site.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Database of Australasian Government Loans Offered by Public Sale in London, 1857-1914' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The database contains a record of every Australasian government loan offered in London by public advertisement between the first such issue in 1857 and 1914. The governments concerned are those of the seven British colonies of New South Wales, New Zealand, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia, and the four New Zealand provincial administrations of Auckland, Canterbury, Otago and Wellington which also attempted to raise capital by this means. There are no records of loans floated by the Commonwealth of Australia (the federal government created in 1901) because its first issue in London did not occur until 1916. Purely conversion operations in which holders were offered the exchange of new securities for old have been excluded. The dataset provides information about the activities of a significant group of borrowers in the London capital market during its rise and prime as the dominant international financial centre in the world economy. It contains details about the characteristics of all publicly advertised loan issues; their marketing arrangements; and their results. It therefore can be used to examine the way in which Australasian borrowers approached the London market, the success with which they did this, and the ways in which both changed over time. It can be used for comparison with the activity of other borrowers. More broadly, it contributes to our understanding of development of the London capital market during the period.
This site provides access to an edited selection of the records of the superior courts in Tasmania in the nineteenth century, from the first decisions in 1824. Material is drawn from newspaper and archival sources. The site has both a case and comprehensive subject index. Cases of particular significance are highlighted separately, with additional commentary. At present only the period from 1824 to 1829 is covered, but cases will be added on a year-by-year basis. The site aims to include information about all cases relating to non-trivial points of law, and thus to build up a comprehensive record of legal activity during the period under consideration.
This site provides access to edited records of legal cases from the superior courts of New South Wales, Australia. The material is compiled from a variety of different sources, including newspapers. The project to make the records available online was begun in 1996, and cases can be searched on a year-by-year basis. Documentation for important aboriginal cases after 1838 has been included on an ad hoc basis. There is some additional material on the site, for example the diary of a contemporary judge advocate, and relevant letters and poems. The site has both a case and a subject index, and particularly significant or important cases are highlighted separately.
The Library of Congress website has a number of online exhibitions of which Declaring Independence: Drafting the Documents is one. The site provides a short exhibition on the drafting of the Declaration of Independence. The site has a chronology listing events from 7th June 1776 to 18th January 1777 and a narrative of the drafting of the documents. A selection of primary source documents are also featured on the site. There are five text documents (three hand-written and two printed) which are available both as facsimile images and as transcriptions. These documents include a fragment of the earliest known draft of the Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson in June 1776. The site also has three copies of prints of events relating to the Declaration of Independence. The site is now archived.
Created by the 'International Seminar on the History of the Atlantic World' at Harvard University, this website provides an index of ongoing or recently completed 'Dissertations in Atlantic History'. Incorporating details of authors and abstracts of their work, this is at present a relatively brief listing, but actively encourages international participation, providing an online submission form for relevant scholars. Covering a range of colonial American topics, amongst which trade issues are particularly prominent, the range of issues considered is diverse. 'Dissertations in Atlantic History' is a valuable resource for any undergraduate or academic interested in current research or looking for colleagues in the field of Atlantic, Caribbean or Central American history.
Documenting a Democracy is an online exhibition that traces the development of Australian democracy through key constitutional documents. Published by the National Archives of Australia in partnership with the country's eight governments, the site offers a comprehensive introduction to Australia's constitutional history, from 1768-1995. The site can be navigated in a number of ways, and probably the best of these is to follow the pathways section, where digitised documents are arranged according to four topics, foundation, building, freedom, and land. Alternatively users can follow links from the timeline, or click on the map of Australia to access documents specific to the individual states. There is also a stylish picture gallery, which links historical photographs with documents.
The website "North American Slave Narratives" is an electronic text collection published as part of the University of North Carolina's online project Documenting the American South. The collection is comprised of an impressive number of texts containing the narratives of fugitive and former slaves describing life in the American South during the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. These texts can be browsed alphabetically by author, chronologically or by subject index. Each text can be viewed in html or xml, and only in transcript form, not as a scanned page image. Also on the site is an introduction to the texts, giving some of the historical context of slavery in the Americas and its main themes, and a guide to the religious content in the collection. Texts are continuously added to the collection.
The website 'Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention 1774-1789' provides access to full-text documents from the Constitutional Congress Broadside Collection and the Constitutional Convention Broadside Collection in the Library of Congress. The documents are transcriptions of the originals and full bibliographic information is provided for each document. A facsimile image of at least one page of each original document is included on the site. The Constitutional Congress Broadside Collection consists of 253 titles which relate to the work of Congress from 1774 to 1788, although the majority of the material dates from 1781 to 1788. The types of material included in this section are: extracts of the journals of Congress; resolutions; treaties; proclamations; committee reports; and other proceedings of Congress. The Constitutional Convention Broadside Collection consists of 21 titles dating from between 1786 and 1789. The types of documents included in this collection are extracts of proceedings of state assemblies and conventions related to the ratification of the Constitution, as well as several essays on ratification. It is possible to search the documents by keyword or to browse the documents. Other features of the site include: timelines; a selected bibliography; and a related resources section.
The E-Journal of Portuguese History is a solely online, peer reviewed, scholarly publication. Founded in 2002, with the first issue appearing in Summer 2003, this bi-annual publication seeks to make available scholarship on Portuguese history analysed from a comparative perspective. It also welcomes historically-oriented contributions from the social sciences. Within each issue are the following: articles; surveys and debates; analysis of the work of both Portuguese and international research institutions; the translation of a selected Portuguese article originally published elsewhere; and book reviews. The articles are available in both HTML and PDF, and topics covered have included: the political history of 20th century Portugal; relations between Portugal and Castile in the late Middle Ages; and the línguas in the Portuguese Empires (16th century). The site also aims to make available news and information on research into Portuguese history: this section was under construction at the time of cataloguing but shows promise with its intention to include an events diary, job and research announcements, and queries. This journal - a welcome electronic contribution to the field - is sure to be of interest to anyone working on Portuguese history in particular or Lusophone studies in general.
Early Canadiana Online (ECO) is the website of a collaborative research project designed to provide web access to a digital library of primary sources in Canadian history from the first European contact to the early 20th century. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of: literature; women's history; travel and exploration; native studies; and the history of French Canada. The ECO collection is made up of seven individual online collections totalling 3 million pages. After browsing or searching by title, author, subject, or keyword, and finding a text, one may view a scanned image of the page of the volume. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) has been performed on the images to enhance searching and accessing the texts. This site provides access to a vast and extensive collection of resources which should be of great interest to scholars in this field.
This website lists the early Indian Newspapers available at the British Library. It includes details of missing editions from runs, and the name changes and mergers that the papers underwent. There is also a link to a a searchable catalogue of the British Library's holdings. Images of some of the mastheads of the papers may also be viewed at the site. Details are given for how to access hard-copy and microfilm version of the available papers. No actual content is included on the site. This web page will be useful to scholars needing to consult pre-1900 Indian newspapers as it is more informative than a standard electronic catalogue.
Historical Abstracts is an online research aid prepared by Ebsco Publishing. This site posts a database of journal abstracts from over 1,700 academic periodicals that are devoted to modern world history, from 1450 to the present, excluding the United States and Canada. Most fields of history are covered, from military history, to women's history, to social history; social scientific journals are also represented. The journals whose contents are listed here run from 1955 to the present. A general title list can be viewed in various formats, but the site requires a subscription and user registration for full access to the site's resources. The larger site, of which this site is one part, includes professional information for publishers and college administrators. The academic level of the periodicals will particularly support post-graduate research.
This website, which is part of the British Library's Texts in Context learning initiative, makes available digital images taken from texts relating to the British Empire. The texts span the period between the late seventeenth century and the early twentieth century, and have been chosen to illustrate British perspectives on the experience of Empire. They cover English experiences of India and Africa and their influence in Britain,and the influence of Indian commodities on domestic commerce and consumer fashion. The sources include: lists of goods shipped by the East India Company; an officer's sporting memoirs; anecdotes of British life in the Raj; photographs of Edward VII's installation as Emperor at the Delhi Durbar in 1903; a guide to the Niger and West Sudan; a phrasebook for British emigrants to South Africa; and extracts from the catalogue of Gamage's, a London shop that shipped goods throughout the Empire. The material is fascinating, and will be of interest to anyone. In particular it is likely to be suitable for schoolchildren, and students may also find the sources useful. Users can easily navigate the site using the right-hand navigation bar. Each text is accompanied by a brief account giving background information, and each individual page has an explanatory caption. The document images are available in a large size. In most cases transcripts are also provided and bibliographic information is also included.
This website describes a series of AHRC-funded research seminars, which aimed to investigate the way in which Imperial (as opposed to Metropolitan English) landscapes came to inform the cultural conception and representation of landscape over the period of the ‘long eighteenth century’, 1780-1820. This simple site briefly summarises each workshop's programme.
The website "Empire and Us" is for the Bristol based British Empire and Commonwealth Museum, Britain's first major museum dedicated to the nation's colonial past, opened in 2002. The museum documents 500 years of imperial and Commonwealth history, from John Cabot's voyage to Newfoundland in 1497 to the legacies of Empire in Britain today. The site does not publish any online exhibitions, but provides information about the main galleries at the museum, Britain builds an empire, 1480-1800, the rise of Victoria's empire, 1800-1900, and the End of empire, 1900 to the present. The website also contains information about the museum's archives, which holds a range of resources including photographs, books, periodicals, artefacts, and uniforms and clothing, as well as museum publications, and the educational resources available for schools. A virtual museum tours is offered with the option of downloading the file in compressed format for slower connections. The website announces that the museum will relocate to London.
The website "Empire Day " dwells on the history of celebrations of Empire Day in New Zealand and is published as part of the New Zealand History online. The site uses digitised primary sources like documents, photographs and audio files to illustrate the narrative explaining the background to and significance of Empire Day. Amongst the subjects touched on by the exhibition are why Empire Day was celebrated, when it took place, the first Empire Day, the events on the day, the involvement of children in Empire Day, and Lord Beldisloe's interest in the celebration. There are ten sections and a media gallery.
This AHRC-funded website documents the Empire Exhibition of 1938. Taking place against a back ground of economic expansion powered by re-armament, the Empire Exhibition of 1938 was the last in a series of international exhibitions held in Glasgow, providing a last showcase for the pre-war British Empire. Constructed in Bellahouston park, the exhibition was housed a number of pavilions around broad boulevards, representing the colonies, dominions, countries and industries of the British Empire. The interactive map allows the user to explore the site, through three dimensional models (including reconstructions of over 80 individual structures) and archive photos. After the exhibition closed, the remarkable collection of temporary modernist buildings was largely dismantled, illustrated by a carefully put together ‘ten and now’ slideshow. There is a substantial archive, largely including photos taken in 1938, concept drawings and plans as well as a collection of video interviews setting the exhibition in context and recording the experiences of those involved at the time. This well designed resource offers a thorough introduction to an overlooked piece of imperial, architectural and social history.
'The Empire that was Russia: the Prokudin-Gorskii photographic record recreated' is a 2003 Library of Congress online exhibition of unique colour photographs from late imperial Russia. The photographs were created by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863-1944) just prior to the First World War. There is biographical material about Prokudin-Gorskii and his expeditions, and a chronology. The gallery contains over 50 pictures, and these are divided into: 'Architecture'; 'Ethnic Diversity'; 'Transportation'; and 'People at Work'. There is a discussion of the digichromatography colour process used by Prokudin-Gorskii.
This website provides access to hundreds of images from the British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations. The website mainly focuses on flags - both national and royal - but there are also vast collections of royal and naval insignia, symbols from the various Armed Forces of the British Empire and Commonwealth (including the various Air Forces), and images of stamps and coins. Similarly, images of every British Prime Minister (and, where appropriate, their standard) since Robert Walpole, maps of the former Empire and of the Commonwealth, and a number of images (including propaganda) promoting the Empire, and the idea of Empire, are provided. The amount of visual information on this website is unparalleled online and it will be of significant value to those interested in heraldry, the British Empire, the Commonwealth of Nations, or nation emblems in general.
This small, not-for-profit educational search engine aims to promote English and American literature, culture and history by providing access to relevant, interesting and academic video resources. The easy-to-use website can either be searched by keyword or browsed by general topic (for example, the British Empire, US History, US Literature, British/Irish Literature, and so on). Each of these broad categories is then further divided into smaller subcategories to provide easy navigation and quick access to the available sources. A handy alternative to ordinary non-academic search engines.
The East India Company Ships Company website is published by an enthusiast and a database dedicated to the ships, seafarers and and voyages of the East India Company. The site is well designed, and although it is currently still work in progress, there is a great deal of useful information already available. The site has three sections, for ships, voyages, and seafarers of the English East India Company's mercantile services. Currently, the ships section contains the most information, and users can search or browse a ships construction details, owners, service history, and fate, from 1600-1834. In the voyages section details of East India Company ships voyages will be published, and at the moment users can browse a list of wrecked, lost, captured or missing ships.
This website describes the project entitled English Landholding in Ireland, c. 1200-c. 1360. As the title implies, the project aims to establish a record of absentee landlords' holdings in Ireland, changes in patterns of landholding, its significance in the context of the relationship between Ireland and Britain, and eventually a publicly-accessible database. This project is of interest to those studying this period in the history of Ireland and Britain, in patronage, religious property holdings and the interplay between property, identity, and politics, and is at the forefront of current historiography on issues of centre and periphery in Europe. The project will address the questions of whether property in Ireland was viewed as an asset or a liability, by what methods it changed hands, and its effects on the socio-economic links between Ireland and Britain. The website provides a bibliography of useful works on the subject, an explanation of the basic questions to be addressed by the research, and contact details for the project team. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'English Slave Trade, 1791-1799 : House of Lords Survey' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To examine the growth of slave trade to the America's, the internal dynamics of its volume, and how it compared with other trades within the British Empire and with other leading slave trade routes of other European powers. The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of: Ship's name, tonnage, home port of ship, departure date, African port of arrival, date of African arrival, slaves taken on board (total number), slave mortality, slaves relanded before African port departure, number of slaves shipped, date of African departure, American port of arrival, date of arrival in New World, number of slaves landed, date ship left America.
The website for the Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos, a research centre based in Seville that forms part of the CSIC, details all of the organisation's activities including research projects, publications and seminars. The centre is divided into two departments: modern and colonial; and contemporary history of America. Each department comprises a number of large research projects and research groups. This research intensive centre hosts many projects and collaborative groups. Areas of current research include: Pan-American Indigenism; frontiers and cities of the Hispanic world; and exchanges between Andalucia and America. One of the main features of this site is an audio archive, in which the user will find downloadable files of previous seminars and conferences organised by the centre. In addition to this, there is some practical information about research grants, and the centre's residence for researchers. The user may access a full bibliography of the centre's publications, as well as abstracts of articles from the centre's Anuario de Estudios Americanos. The catalogue of the centre's library is also online, and there are links to other libraries which may be of interest for the researcher of Latin-American history.
'Estudios de Historia Novohispana' is the electronic version of the peer reviewed scholarly journal published by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México and devoted to the history of the Viceroy of New Spain (Central America). Users will find a diversity of articles examining the history of Latin America during the viceroy rule of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. Examples of areas covered by the articles include the cult of the Virgin of Guadalupe; the organisation of local governments; and the role and work of Spanish missionaries. The journal was established in 1966 and volumes dating back to the first issue are available here as PDFs. Most articles are in Spanish, although a small number are in English. The journal also features primary documentation and bibliographies related to this era: in short, this is a valuable online contribution to the field of novo-Hispanic history. The electronic version is made available through E-Journal, UNAM's open-access archive for Latin American scholarly journals.
The journal Estudios de historia novo-hispano is a full text journal which covers original research and critical review related to the study of colonial Mexico. It has been published termly by the Instituto de Investigaciones Históricas at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) since 1966. The website offers full text access to the most recent journal articles, and previous volumes are accessible through UNAM's e-journal digital archive. This also allows a full text search of the journal. The journal is published in English and Spanish and previous articles have covered Mexican colonial religion, trade and law. This journal is an excellent resource for researchers of colonial Mexico, and its easy to read layout and searchability make it very easy to use.
Everest online is a website created by the American Public Broadcasting Service to support a series of programmes shown on their channels in the United States. The site has several sections, each of which relates to a programme in the TV series. These investigate the fate of Mallory and Irvine in their 1924 expedition, which includes footage of the finding of Mallory's body in 1999, the effects of high altitudes on the human body, the various routes up the mountain, the history of climbing on Everest and the geography and geographical history of the mountain range. These sections include several interactive features, audio and video streams and Quicktime virtual reality features. The site is informative, which will attract some scholars, but is of more general than academic interest.
The website "Eyewitness to the nineteenth century" is part of the "EyeWitness" series which seeks to present history "through the eyes of those who lived it". It describes events of importance mainly to US history, briefly placing them in context and illustrating them with a contemporary account (memoirs, letters, diaries, reports). Topics featured include: aboard a slave ship; Livingstone discovers Victoria Falls; the death of President Garfield; the trial of Andrew Johnson; and the burning of Washington by the British. Among the authors of contemporary accounts are Frederick Douglass, Reverend Robert Walsh and David Livingstone. Each article names the reference to the primary of secondary source used for its writing and also offers sugestions how to cite it. This is an excellent site for introducing students to the use of primary sources.
This is the website for Fashioning Diaspora Space, an AHRC-funded research project based at the V&A and Royal Holloway, University of London. Working with contemporary British Asian designers and consumers, as well as the V&A’s extensive historical collection of textiles from the Indian subcontinent, the project aims to investigate South Asian clothing fabrics in British culture during colonial (1850s-1880s) and post-colonial (1980s-2000s) periods. In particular, the project is exploring the place of South Asian textile in contemporary design practice and everyday dress, and its function as locus of meaning and memory. Additionally, the project is researching three specific acquisitions from the 19th century: purchases from the Great Exhibition of 1851; John Forbes Watson's Collections of the Textile Manufactures of India (1866 and 1873-77); and Caspar Purdon Clarke’s 1882-3 purchases for the Museum's Indian collections. Research will examine the way these collections influenced and were informed by “British concerns with design reform and education, textile manufacture and export, and imperial display”. The website contains links relevant, related areas of the V&A website as well as a promise of more content to be uploaded as and when it is completed.
Father Frank Browne was a distinguished Irish photographer, best remembered for his photographs of the Titanic. Browne took some of the last surviving photographs on board the ship before it set out on its transatlantic voyage and sank in 1912, and his pictures featured on the front pages of newspapers around the world. Father Browne also served on the Western Front in the First World War, and travelled widely around Europe, Australia, India, and various other parts of the globe. In total, Browne took over 40,000 negatives of various subjects social, industrial, agricultural, and commercial. The negatives were lost after Browne's death, but were rediscovered by chance in 1986, and have since been transferred to an electronic database.This website allows access to some of the better images captured by Father Browne, though not the full database. The images available here are divided between five subject areas: the Titanic; Irish life; Irish tradespeople; England & abroad; and Images from Dublin. The photographs are viewed as thumbnail images, which may be enlarged. The site is designed with commercial ends in mind, and copies of the photographs may be bought online.
Located in the Web page of the Federation of East European Family History Societies (FEEFHS) in Utah, the FEEFHS Map Room exceeds the genealogical thrust of the larger site in providing a resource of academic value for professional historians. Most of the maps scanned for this site are taken from one primary source: Comprehensive Atlas and Geography of the World, published in 1882 in Edinburgh. As such, they provide convenient details of small towns and local boundaries in Central Europe and Russia from the nineteenth century which otherwise might be hard to determine. Moreover, since they are taken from a Scottish source, they were labelled in English, or have Anglicised or Germanised versions of names, which may be helpful, or not, depending upon the needs of the researcher. There are some sixty detailed maps for the Austro-Hungarian Empire; the German Empire; the Russian Empire; and Finland. It is unfortunate, however, that the site does not offer maps covering the same regions from different contemporary sources as a basis for comparison.Viewing quality is good but not excellent, and is due, according to the site's creators, to their preference for speed of access over crispness of the images. There are some broken links to maps, as the site is still under construction.
Felice Beato's Japan: places' is a large online exhibition from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The British citizen Felice Beato (born Corfu, 1833/4-1907) was the first photographer to systematically survey Japan. This MIT exhibition contains a substantial 50-image album of Beato's pictures. They feature places, buildings, and sculpture, primarily in Yokahama. The pictures are drawn from the collection of the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College. There is a very substantial scholarly essay by Allen Hockley. There are also detailed annotations, made by Beato’s colleagues, placed alongside the pictures. Beato had a profound and lasting influence on Japanese photography.
The website "First Europe tutorial" has been published online and compiled by The Applied History Group at the University of Calgary. It is one of a series of online history tutorials and is aimed at first year undergraduate students. It covers the period from the Romans to the early medieval period in Western Europe. Themes include: political developments; language and literature; and art and architecture. The site also features an extensive bibliography and list of relevant Internet resources. The tutorials are easy to follow and cover the territorial expansion of the Roman world, the Germanic invasions of Western Europe, the Frankish empire, and Latin and the vernacular languages. A good site for undergraduates wishing to gain a basic grasp of Western European history and those teaching them.
The Franck Goddio society website publishes many reports of the underwater archaeological research carried out by the Society. Among the projects with reports are the discovery of the harbour of Alexandria of Egypt; the Bay of Aboukir; shipwrecks from Napoleon's fleet found in the same Bay; the shipwrecks of the Lena Shoal, Santa Cruz and Royal Captain found off the coasts of the Philippines. All reports are lavishly illustrated and often contain multimedia features.
The Royal Captain was rented by the English East India Company, was wrecked in 1773 when it hit an uncharted shoal of rocks near the Philippines while returning to London from Canton. One report tells the story of the ship's excavation, including the ship's history, a report of the mission and a location map. There are also photographs and a video entitled 'In Search of the Treasures'.
This Web page contains biographical and bibliographical information relating to the anti-colonial writer and activist Frantz Fanon (1925-1961). Published for postcolonial studies at Emory University, the page lists Fanon's seminal anti-colonial writings, and has a selected bibliography of critical works on Fanon. Born in Martinique, Fanon fought with the Free French in the Second World War and remained in Lyon after the War, where he studied medicine and then psychiatry. His famous analysis of the effects of racism and colonialism, titled Peau noire, masques blancs (Black skins, white masks), was published in Paris in 1952. In 1953 Fanon became Head of Psychiatry at the Blida-Joinville Hospital in Algeria, at a time when the Algerian people were rising up against their colonial oppressors, the French. He joined the Algerian FLN, which opposed French occupation of Algeria, and was exiled to Tunisia, where he continued the liberation struggle. His anti-colonial writings have been pubished as L'an cinq de la revolution algerienne (Studies in a Dying Colonialism), published in 1959; Les damnes de la terre (The Wretched of the Earth), published in Paris, 1961; and Pour la revolution africaine (Toward the African Revolution), published in Paris, 1964. The website has a number of links to other sites, however, only one of these operates successfully - a link to a website created by California Newsreel, which gives an overview of Isaac Julien's film biography of Fanon, titled Black Skin, White Mask.
The website "French Ontario in the 17th and 18th Centuries" is an online exhibit published by the Archives of Ontario. The site explores the early history of New France and French exploration into the pays d'en haut, as the Great Lakes region was then known. Users will find a good range of digitised primary sources, including maps, paintings, documents and photographs. These are used to illustrate the chapters, which cover: explorations; making contact (with First Nations); resources and trade; war and defence; Detroit; and transitions. There are also biographies of important figures, information on the key places and a chronology of events, as well as a bibliography, suggested web links and information on related archive material. The pop-up windows with definitions of terms or short biographies were, at the time of review, empty.
"Frog In A Well" is a well-designed website that hosts three "collaborative weblogs dedicated to East Asian history", with a specific focus in each weblog on China, Japan, or Korea. Weblog postings appear to be made mainly in English, but they can also be wholly or partly in Chinese, Japanese or Korean - some visitors may need to download extra fonts in order to correctly read these languages. About 30 named authors are active bloggers, and the discussion is of a scholarly nature. Author status is open to graduate students as well as to lecturers and other scholars. Each of the three weblogs has an extensive set of "categories" links, allowing a visitor to filter all of the previous postings by theme or topic. The 'Frog In A Well' archives date back to 2004, and the contents are searchable by keyword or phrase. RSS newsfeeds are available for all three weblogs.
The 'From slavery to freedom: the African-American pamphlet collection 1822-1909' website, compiled by the Rare Books and Special Collections Division at the Library of Congress provides access to the full-text of 396 pamphlets published between 1822 and 1909. The pamphlets cover topics including slavery, African colonization, reconstruction and emancipation. The type of material on the site includes personal accounts, public orations, legislative speeches and legislative speeches. The pamphlets have been scanned and these images are available from the site. The pamphlets have all also been transcribed. It is possible to search the collection by keyword or to browse the collection by title, author or subject. A list of related websites is also available from this site.
The website 'Gertrude Bell Archives' is the homepage of this special collection in the Newcastle University Library. Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) was an extraordinary traveller, diplomat, archaeologist and photographer in the Middle East in the late 19th and early 20th century and was instrumental in establishing both the modern state of Iraq and the Iraq Museum in Baghdad. This fascinating resource is an online edition of her letters, diaries and many photographs which provides a vivid insight both into her powerful personality and keen eye for surrounding details and into the world in which in which she lived. It illustrates in particular the formative period of the modern Middle East and the perception of the East by Victorian and Edwardian travellers. The resource includes her complete diaries from 1877 to 1919, letters from 1874 to 1926 and a large album of photographs from Bell's many travels around the world in the first quarter of the 20th century. The photographs, many of which have great archaeological and ethnographic interest, mainly reflect Bell's long association with the Middle East but also feature the Mediterranean and the Far East and for all contexts complement the diary entries and letters. Photographs have good description with precise information on their date taken, location, condition, or size. The books that beloged to Gertrude Bell's library are also at Newcastle but they are integrated in the library catalogue. There is much to interest those researching the political and cultural history of this period and for archaeologists interested in the early years of their discipline and the close relationship between archaeology, military intelligence and imperial politics.
The Global Economic History Network (GEHN) working papers are selected full-text dissertations written as part of the Department of Economic History Masters Programme in Global History at the LSE in London. These papers date from 2004 to 2006 and may be freely downloaded in PDF format. Among the titles available are: 'East and West: Textiles and Fashion in Eurasia in the Early Modern Period'; 'The World Coffee Market in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, from Colonial to National Regimes'; and 'Wu-Wei in Europe. A Study of Eurasian Economic Thought', among others. In total there are 24 papers at June 2009. Those which merited a Distinction are marked with an asterisk. This may be an interesting resource for those investigating historical global systems.
The website The Great War: Vimy Ridge describes the research undertaken by Richard Van Wyck Laughton, grandson of George Van Wyck Laughton, who served in the British and Canadian armies in that conflict. This site is an extension of Richard Laughton's elaborate and well-sourced genealogical pages on this Canadian branch of the Laughton family. This section was created, the site states, to counter the recent historiographical trend to play down or question the importance of Vimy Ridge in Canadian history and particularly in the teaching of the subject. Laughton is not an academic, so his stance in this regard goes no further than to present the history of his grandfather who served in the First World War. External links posted on the site, however, all refer to the importance of the Canadian capture of Vimy Ridge in the Battle of Arras, contrary to current revisionist arguments.
In 1911, George Laughton joined the militia of Middlesex County, Ontario. At the beginning of the war, he joined the 7th Regiment Fusiliers in the 142nd Overseas Battalion as a Lieutenant. After officer training in England, Laughton transferred from the Canadian Expeditionary Force to the British Expeditionary Force, ending as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 26th Northumberland Fusiliers, 34th Division, British 3rd Army. The site posts scanned images of all of his official records from Canada and the United Kingdom. This is enhanced by explanatory essays written by his grandson, along with memorabilia, including a war diary from the Battle of Arras, newspaper clippings, many letters home about the war, and a small collection of physical items. This site will prove useful for those engaged in advanced undergraduate or those starting postgraduate research. Perhaps of greatest interest here are conflicting British and Canadian records regarding Laughton's experiences in the Scarpe Valley in March 1917, for which he was awarded the Military Cross. These conficting accounts could inadvertently provide an introductory window for students on the current historiographical debates regarding this conflict.
In 1629 the Indiaman ship Batavia, belonging on the East India Company (VOC), sank on her maiden voyage about 40 miles off the coast of Western Australia. Although the crew managed to survive by landing on some nearby islands a mutiny followed and some 120 people were killed. The story has been made into a TV documentary drama with the Grey Company providing actors, costume and props. This page tells the story of the disaster and including a list of the mutineers.
Habsburg is part of the H-Net academic network based at Michigan State University. As its name suggests, this website is devoted to the study of Austria and Central Europe in the Habsburg imperial period, although it often touches on the post-imperial period in the 20th century. The site features book reviews of recently published monographs and hosts perhaps one of the most important academic mailing lists and forums for daily debate in Central European studies in the United States. These elements also highlight Habsburg's function as a platform for international interaction with American scholars. All mailing list contributions are archived on the site. Another notable section offers course syllabi going back several years for courses on the Habsburg Monarchy, East Central Europe and the Balkans. These are supported by a limited but useful source texts archive of primary documents for teaching purposes. Occasional papers and links lists are less extensive. There is a book exchange, but it requires a password from members. Navigability is good.
The website 'Hanover Historical Texts Projects' is an ongoing entreprisce of the Hanover College (USA) Department of History.Since 1995 they have been making electronic texts freely available for student and staff use in the study and teaching of history courses. The chronology ranges from ancient Greece and Rome through to the Russian Revolution. Geographic regions include Europe, United States, the Americas (outside the United States), Africa, and East Asia. The collection also includes works of philosophical and theological significance, including sections relating to the Crusades and the Reformation. Each text contains information about its source and who was responsible for scanning it. Texts are supplied as ASCII (presented in HTML) rather than page images. Many of the texts are quite lengthy and divided into sections (e.g. the full-text of the canons and decrees of the Council of Trent). Although the site is fairly regularly updated, some links are broken.
“Hap Hazard” is a useful web resource primarily aimed at scholars studying the Elizabethan poet Edmund Spenser (1552-1599). In this website, users will find full electronic transcriptions of all known diplomatic and state documents, and other papers relating to Spenser’s life in Ireland between 1580 and 1599. As such, the site may also be of interest to scholars studying Elizabethan Irish history. The site also contains a transcription of Spenser’s 1596 “View of the Present State of Ireland”, including textual notes and supplementary materials. A third section, entitled “Other Materials” hosts transcribed manuscripts, including poetry and prose, relating to the Irish political and literary context in which Spenser worked and wrote. Many of the letters transcribed on the site were written by or to Lord Arthur Grey, the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland under whom Spenser worked. In addition, users can also find background information about this online resource.
Harvey Rawson's diary has been digitised and placed on the Internet by one of his descendants. Rawson, son of a Sheffield builder, emigrated from England to settle in Kimberley, South Africa in the 1890s, where he ran a cafe. With the outbreak of the Second Anglo-Boer War, he wrote a diary which provides an eyewitness account of the Siege of Kimberley, when the British garrison were besieged by Boers (14th October 1899 to 15th February 1900). The website owner, Jeremy Rawson, has also digitised his grandmother's memoirs of West Sussex in the early twentieth century, and the letters of a First Word War soldier (who fought in the battle of St Julien near Ypres), published in a local Scottish newspaper during 1915.
This short Web page describes the AHRC-funded research project ‘Hidden Histories of Exploration: Exhibiting Geographical Collections’ which is re-examining the collections of the Royal Geographical Society and the Institute of British Geographers (RGS-IBG), to shifting the conventional, marginalised representation of indigenous people in encounters with British explorers. The project will result in an exhibition at the RGS-IBG in 2009, as well as associated web resources and events.
The website, Historia del País, is a good, comprehensive introduction to Argentine history which offers a wealth of information related to all areas of Argentina's past. A number of themes are explored in greater detail, such as the military dictatorship (1976-1983) and the May Revolution. Biographies of notable Argentine figures are available: the dates included in these biographies link to historical overviews of that particular year, allowing for contextualization. Summaries of the decades from 1810 to 1990 detail important events of the years. Various statistical data (on immigration, loans, population and so on) is also available, as are photographs of key events from specific years. A discussion forum is also available. This is a good introductory site that will be of much use to students of Latin American/Argentine history and literature: its clear and concise historical overviews will permit contextualization and greater understanding of literary texts. Users should note that some of the site's links were not working at the time of cataloguing.
The Historic Jamestowne website is published by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (APVA) in collaboration with the National Park Service (NPS). It is concerned with the first permanent English settlement in America, founded by the Virginia Company in 1607. On the site there is information on the archaeological activity currently ongoing in Jamestowne, with information and images of featured finds. There is also a strong history section giving the background to the Jamestowne settlement, the Virginia Company and the early settlers. Elsewhere on the site are lesson plans and interactive exercises, web links and recommended reading.
These pages form part of the historic royal speeches site from the British Monarchy website. The section of the historic royal speeches site on Queen Victoria takes the form of extracts from her published journal. There is a short introduction to the diary and each extract is accompanied by portraits of Victoria or pictures relevant to the excerpt. The events covered by the journal extracts are: the Accession, 1837; the Coronation, 1838; the Great Exhibition, 1851; The Crimean War, 1855; a letter to Florence Nightingale, 1856; Prince Albert's death, 1861; the Golden Jubilee, 1887; the Diamond Jubilee, 1897 and the final published extracts, 1901. This site can be slow to download. The documents are in PDF files.
This is the website of the Historical and Cultural Geography group, based in the Department of Geography at the University of Exeter. The group is dedicated to stimulating research in historical and cultural geography, with work on areas such as landscape and identity, power and authority, and geographies of imperialism, colonialism and post-colonialism, as well as in established areas like the history of cartography and urban historical geography. On the site are details of members of the group and their research interests, as well as synopses of the recent research undertaken by them. Also on the site are details of forthcoming conferences and postgraduate opportunities. The group has recieved a number of AHRC grants for its projects, which include: 'The Uses and Meanings of Heritage'; 'Landscape Archaeology and the Community in Devon: An Oral History Approach'; 'Negotiating the Cultural Politics and Poetics of Identity Within the Creative Industries of South West'; 'Spectral Geographies: Unsettling Place and Self'.
This is the website for the Department of Historical Papers based at the University of Witwatersrand in South Africa. The department holds over 2,400 collections relating to four hundred years of South African history. Amongst the subjects represented in the holdings are exploration in Africa, slavery, colonialism, missionaries, gold and diamond mining, Frontier wars, the Zulu War, the Anglo-Boer War, and both the First and Second World War. On the website there is information about a selection of the personal papers held at the department, including individuals like A.N.G. Champion, Dr. Xuma, J. H. Hofmeyr and Robert Sobukwe. There is also a list of some of the organisations and institutions whose archival collections are deposited at the Department of Historical Papers. Also available on the site are contact details for this archive, so researchers can find out more about the materials held there.
History in Focus, from the Institute of Historical Research (IHR, part of the School of Advanced Study, University of London), is an occasional series of guides to historical resources taking a thematic approach to history. The collection has 14 volumes, and its publication was ended in 2008. Each issue is designed to provide an introduction to the chosen topic and to help stimulate interest and debate. The series concentrates on highlighting books, reviews, websites and conferences that relate to the theme, in order to provide a quality assured information resource for learning and teaching. Themes discussed include: medical history; what is history?; and the Victorian era. The section on "what is history" is of particular relevance to both established historians and those beginning their study of history, since it provides an excellent introduction to the myriad voices of historiographical debate within the academic community. History in Focus will provide a snapshot of resources and events at the time of issue. The series is aimed at the entire history community from life long learners to higher education. The site is now archived.
The website 'History Ireland' is an online magazine dealing with Ireland and Irish history. While the newer and most current editions of the magazine are available only to subscription users, the 'archive' section allows users to browse and read the older articles and editions at no cost and with no subscription necessary. The articles cover a wealth of topics in Irish history and are generally well written and informative. Some users may find that certain aspects of the site don't display properly or have parts of the site overlapping others, which detracts from the user experience.
This is the website of a major international research and publishing project. The History of Cartography Project uses an interdisciplinary approach to examine maps in the context of the societies that made and used them. The project aims to publish a six-volume History of Cartography book series. As of March 2008, five books are available - Volume One, Volume Two (Books 1, 2, and 3), and Volume Three - all published by the University of Chicago Press. The website contains full details of the project, its members, and the David Woodward Memorial Fellowship. There are around 25 project newsletters for free download. The website also contains scans of 16 fine letterpress broadsheets in a series titled 'Literary Selections of Cartography', with scholarly commentaries. There is an online exhibition, 'Windows on the World: A Selection of Historical Maps'. There is also the full text in PDF format of a journal special-issue titled 'Exploratory Essays: History of Cartography in the Twentieth Century', which includes essays on: "The Politics of the Map in the Early Twentieth Century"; "Cognitive Map-Design Research in the Twentieth Century: Theoretical and Empirical Approaches"; and "Allied Military Model Making during World War II", among others.
The website, History of Cuba, is authored by an enthusiast of Cuban history. The site offers a chronological tour of Cuban history, divided into five main sections - early history, the struggle for independence, before the revolution, after the revolution, and the 1980s onwards. The contents are narrative, with the occasional link to primary sources and links. In addition to the overall history of Cuba, there are also timeline biographies for key individuals, such as Antonio Maceo, José Martí and Fulgencio Batista, and for key events such as the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Bay of Pigs invasion. Also featured on the site are photographs from the Cuban Revolution, book extracts and a list of useful web resources. This would be a useful resource for anyone looking for an overview of Cuban history, rather than an in depth historical website.
"The History of the Victoria Cross" is an enthusiast's website explaining how the Victoria Cross (VC) was instigated (circa the Crimean War), and identifying the location of VC medals - especially where they are in the hands of public bodies (such as museums and regiments) worldwide. Accompanying this is a page announcing details of recent sales of Victoria Crosses as well as events, ceremonies, auctions and upcoming VC projects. Of most interest is an index of individual VC holder's names and a list (by County and Country) of the location of graves of VC holders in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and the rest of the world is provided in the left-navigation frame. There is also a collection of Internet links to the websites of Regimental Museums and other "miscellaneous" locations holding the medal (UK and elsewhere), as well as links to personal VC websites - relating primarily to those awarded the medal (which is the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces), such as those during the Zulu Wars, and the First and Second World Wars.
A History of the Vote in New Zealand is published by Elections New Zealand, and this online exhibition is an introduction to the history of suffrage in New Zealand from 1853 to the present. The site is based on University of Otago Press book, Adventures in Democracy: A History of the Vote in New Zealand by Neill Atkinson. The site is well designed and easily navigated, and features a range of digitised primary source material, including posters, photographs, documents, and oral history audio interviews. Amongst the topics covered are the first election and the creation of the constitution, votes for women, the Maori and the vote, election campaigns, and changing the electoral system from first-past-the-post to Mixed Member Proportional representation. The site also features a timeline, results for the General Election 1890-2002, election statistics 1853-2002, and a bibliography. It is likely to be of interest to researchers in the history of New Zealand and also those interested in matters of constitution and democracy across various cultures.
The History Room is part of the Peasant Social Worlds and Their Transformation website, published by the Department of Social Anthropology at the University of Manchester. Within it users will find five articles on the history of peasants and agricultural societies in three different parts of the world. There are three articles on Mexico, Mexican history 1810-1940, which summarises the main events and developments in the country, a history of the Mexican Revolution, and a piece on Mexican land reform. Three additional articles trace the impact of colonial capitalism on South East Asian peasants; Russian agrarian history; and a Sketch of the History of the Lower Middle Amazon. These are useful introductory articles, helpful to students at university level. This page has last been updated since 1998.
'Illes i imperis' (Islands and Empires) is a Catalan journal devoted to colonial history worldwide, and the Hispanic and Latin American areas in particular. The journal has been published since 1998, and the digital repository RACO has made available, at the time of cataloguing, all full-text articles published by this journal up until 2006. Users should note, however, that the journal has not been discontinued and lists of contents for later issues can be accessed through the portal Dialnet. Articles are available mainly in Spanish and English, although there are some in Catalan as well. Topics featured in the journal have included: the impact of sugar cane expansion on five continents; economy in the River Plate region during the 19th century; and the disintegration of the Spanish empire as a frustrated process of decolonisation.
This site is part of the British Library's Collections: Asia, Pacific and Africa, and focuses on genealogical sources in the India Office. The Collections contain information on British families in South Asia and related areas from the early 17th to the mid-20th Century. The pages are designed to provide guidance on using available sources, but are is no search engine for individual personal files. The sources quoted on the website cannot be viewed on the current site. Information included on the pages, comprise a list of occupations and possible sources; a glossary; map; and links to information on sources in the India Office Records, such as biographical records; wills; pensions; biographical index; and ecclesiastical records. There are also links to sites of further interest.
The official website of the Institut Français d'Études Andines (IFEA) publishes information about the institute; the research carried out by members of the staff; news and events and the free and full-text "Bulletin de l'Institut français d'études andines" (PDF format) may interest both archaeologists and anthropologists and focuses on the indigenous cultures of Peru, Bolivia, Colombia and Ecuador. The website also contains the catalogue of the library (with theses), the multimedia ethnographic catalogue ("Catálogo Etnográfico Multimedia") with audio recordings (RealMedia format) of several native people in different local cultures and contexts and bibliographic references; and an online shop. The institute also publishes several journals and volume series available for a small fee including "Travaux"; "Biblioteca andina de Bolsillo"; "Document de Travail"and "Actes et Mémoires".
The multimedia catalogue; the library catalogue and the Bulletin are particularly useful tools and the many bibliographic references in all sections allow both researchers and students to start some researches online. Anthropologists, archaeologists and those interested in the history of the colonisation of South America may find this website useful.
The website for the International Centre for Convict Studies brings together the work of a multi-national consortium of academics, museums, archives, tourism and heritage projects which are researching and interpreting the history of the transportation and settlement of convicted criminals to Australia, Tasmania, the Americas, South Africa, and elsewhere within the British Empire from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries. Updates are provided on conferences and details of researchers and partners involved in the project, accompanied by a bibliography of relevant literature. Sources provided online include detailed statistical tables from publications by the Centre's academic researchers, which analyse convicts by such features as age, sex, literacy, destination, offences, length of sentence, and occupations as well as statistics on their living conditions on board convict ships and in the penal colonies. Selected case studies are provided in the form of extracts from original narratives written by convicts, taken from published books on convict studies, and supplemented by introductory text from the researchers.
This website is the home page for the interdisciplinary journal Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies (ISSN 1369-801X), which has three issues per year. First published in 1999, the journal focuses on postcolonial theoretical perspectives which have emerged from anti-colonial struggles, mainly in Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America. The general editor, Professor Robert Young, is based at New York University and has published seminal works in the field of postcolonial theory. The Interventions website has links to the journal's previous tables of contents and abstracts (from Volume 2), as well as instructions for authors. Subscription details are provided and one sample issue is available free online. Interventions is listed by Taylor and Francis under subject: Arts and Humanities/ Languages and Linguistics.
The website "Iraq: Conflict in Context" was put together by the BBC History team as a portfolio of content to place the current Iraqi conflict in its broader historical context. In addition to the news and current affairs pages, the resource includes articles such as : 'Lost palaces of Iraq' by Dan Cruickshank, based on his November 2002 television documentary on the subject; 'Crusades and jihads in postcolonial times' by Dr D. Sayyid; and 'Return to the Iraq Museum: The Cost of War' also by Dan Cruickshank. The excellent multimedia Mesopotamia galley provides a cache of attractive illustrations of Near Eastern antiquities with accompanying commentaries by leading expert Dr Dominique Collon, plus bibliographic references and web links to sites concerned with archaeological and heritage matters. This website will interest a wide range of individuals interested in the contemporary Middle East, particularly in view of the on-going military and political crisis in the region. It will also provide useful and up-to-date material for university-level students and researchers working on the archaeology and history of Mesopotamia, particularly on the relationship between politics, archaeology and heritage management.
This website, edited by Yashwant K. Malaiyais, is devoted to the history of the Jain religion. Emerging in 8th century BC India, Jainism has a long history. As a result, it is part of the purpose of the site to separate myth and tradition from truth. To this end, a detailed time-line is provided that traces the development of Jainism from its origins to the present. Many names or events on the time-line are linked to further information and articles. However, the site also contains a separate, and very large, index of Jain resources, including texts, images and organisations.
Made available over the Internet by Raymond Bucko (Creighton University) and Thom Mentrak, 'Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, 1610-1791' is an electronic version of the seventy-volume collection of reflections and reports by Jesuit missionaries active during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in what is now Ontario and Quebec (previously Upper and Lower Canada, and prior to that, New France). One of the most important ethnographic tools available to historians and other academics of this period, the Jesuit relations have not only proved to be an invaluable research resource on the religions and cultures of communities with which the Jesuits interacted, but also offer a fascinating insight to the interaction between Christianity and the New World. The electronic text is the English translation made by William Lonc and George Topp. The site will undoubtedly prove to be a vital resource to both students and teachers - particularly for those who have struggled to work through the seventy-volume original.
Jilas: Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies is a scholarly ejournal, published in English and Spanish. A large number of articles are available online, and the contents will interest historians and those working in cultural studies. There is a special issue on the theme of 'Latin American Cultural and Subaltern Studies', with all articles freely available in full-text form. At May 2009 there are details of 26 issues, with most free full-text articles available between 1996 (Vol. 2.1) and 2003 (Vol. 9.2). Examples of other full-text articles in English are: 'A New Law for a New Crime: Anticommunism in Argentina, 1930–1940'; 'Demystifying Media Globalisation in Latin America'; and 'The Steam Engine in Cuba’s Sugar Industry, 1794–1860'; among others. The hypertext linking of issues is in error on the index page, and the numbered issue titles should be used as links, not the theme titles (which all point to page /jilas52.htm regardless of issue). The journal is published by AILASA (Association of Iberian and Latin American Studies of Australasia), and the website has contact details and details of editors.
The John Bull and Uncle Sam website, created through a joint project by the Library of Congress and British Library, forms an online exhibition exploring the relationship between the United States and Great Britain. The following time periods and cultural movements have been selected to provide an insight into similarities and antagonisms between the two: exploration and settlement; The American Revolution; from enemy to ally; from abolition to equal rights; inventions and discoveries; common language, separate voices; and popular culture: from baseball to Rock and Roll. Each section provides a brief background to the topic and a series of images illustrating it. These images are available in two sizes and are accompanied by a description.
The Journeys in Time website is a result of a collaborative project between the State Library of New South Wales and Macquarie University Library. The project makes the full transcripts of the Lachlan and Elizabeth Macquarie journals from 1809-1822 available online. As well as providing online access to the journals other aims of the project were to create a bibliography of primary and secondary sources relating to the Macquaries and to add to the documentation of historical research material relating to early Australian colonial history. The website provides a background history to the Lachlan and Elizabeth Macquarie journals. The journals can be browsed by year and are available as transcripts which can be viewed with or without notes. Notes on the transcripts are also provided. The site has an index of people and places, a couple of maps and information on ships. A bibliography and a chronology are available. Other features of the site include a list of related topics and information about the project.
Through the website "King George III Topographical Collection", which is part of its Online Exhibitions, British Library makes available images taken from the King George III Topographical Collection. The collection includes over 50,000 items, of which 2,680 are represented here. They cover the period 1635 to 1873, and include topographical images of Britain and her colonial possessions at the time of imperial expansion. They also include images from many other parts of the world, in particular the European countries of the Grand Tour route: Italy; Germany; France; and the Netherlands. The documents include: manuscript and printed maps; topographical drawings; building plans and elevations; watercolours; prints; and ephemeral items such as advertisements and broadsides. They depict all manner of locations and buildings, and include works by famous architects and topographical artists such as: Nicholas Hawksmoor; Paul Sandby; and Samuel Hieronymus Grimm. The collection is a fascinating and rich resource for anyone interested in the ways in which eighteenth-century Britons viewed their country and the world around it. It will also be valuable for local historians and all scholars with an interest in architecture and the cultural history of landscape. The collection of images can be viewed as a full list with thumbnails, or searched using a simple keyword search. Each item can be clicked to access the full object page, which includes large and zoomable versions of the image - essential for viewing details. These are accompanied by bibliographic information and a brief text providing background information on the image and the document. The collection is also accompanied by a useful introduction.
This website describes the Foyle Special Collections Library at Kings College London. Built up over centuries, the library contains some 150,000 items and is particularly strong in the fields of the history of science and medicine, travel and exploration, the history of Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean, the British Empire and 20th century German and Jewish studies. The website describes the collection in detail, and provides 'canned searches' of items within the university's library catalogue.
The home page of the Kommission für die Geschichte der Habsburgermonarchie, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Commission for the history of the Habsburg monarchy, Austrian Academy of Sciences) introduces the activities and publications of this research institution. Founded in 1959 and now part of the Zentrum Neuzeit- und Zeitgeschichtsforschung (Centre for modern and contemporary historical research), the Commission has devoted itself to the publication of an impressive collection of academic anthologies on the history of the Habsburg empire. These volumes highlight the work of main scholars of the region in several fields, ranging from economic, to social, to military, to constitutional history. The site states that one of the Commission's main goals is to treat this complex topic comprehensively, an aim clearly fulfilled by the organisation's past and ongoing publication history. There are detailed descriptions of the Commission's other research projects and associated multi-volume monograph series: Studien zur Geschichte der österreichisch-ungarischen Monarchie (Studies on the History of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy); Österreichische Städtebücher (Austrian Municipal Books); and Bürgertum in der Habsburgermonarchie (Bourgeois citizenry in the Habsburg monarchy). Navigation is straightforward.
Part of the Library of Congress's Global gateway, the Kraus Collection of Sir Francis Drake is a Web resource composed of important contemporary material relating to Drake and his voyages in the Americas during his circumnavigation of the globe, 1577-80. This is a fascinating website offering a great amount of rare and valuable material. Freely available via the site are digital images of 11 manuscripts, 29 books, 8 maps and views and 7 medals and portraits, spanning the years 1579-1765. Each item is available in full, and the collection may be searched by keyword, and browsed by author, title, and subject. The images are easy to browse and will be of immense interest and value for undergraduates, graduates and researchers. This is especially true of some of the rare materials, such as a letter from Mercator to Ortelius, and the only known copy of Nicholas Breton's 1581 account of Drake's voyage. The images are of high quality and are available in several resolutions and formats, though the majority of these are viewable in a Web browser. The documents are presented in their original language, without translations. This website also makes available the catalogue of the collection, first published in 1970 as part of Hans P. Kraus's 'Sir Francis Drake: a Pictorial Biography'. The catalogue entries link to the digitised versions of the items. In addition, the catalogue entries give bibliographical information and useful accounts of the documents in their historical context. The site also includes Kraus's 'Pictorial Biography' and an informative 'Historical Introduction' by David Waters and Richard Boulind. The site includes a timeline and a selection of images illustrating 'The Actors and Their Stage', which may help to make the collection more accessible as it shows portraits of the principal figures mentioned in the catalogue, and maps of the places covered by the collection. There is also an account of the genesis and building of the collection, and a page linking to related resources on the Library of Congress website.
The 'La Trobe Journal' is a scholarly journal published by the State Library of Victoria Foundation, in Australia, since 1968. It contains articles written by scholars who use the resources and collections of the State Library. Over 80 issues are freely available online in full-text form, dating from 1968 until 2006. Some issues are themed. Example article titles from the most recent issues include: 'Australian Children's Literature: an Overview'; 'The ABC of Horn-Books'; 'Helmut Newton's Australian Years'; 'Women's Work: Illustrating the Natural Wonders of the Colonies'; and 'Gold in Australia: Image and Text in the Illustrated London News'. This Journal will be a valuable resource for those researching aspects of the history of Australia and the perception of Australia in the British Isles. The Journal is still published, but issues for the years 2007 and 2008 are not yet available online.
`Lascars' was the name given to Asian seamen employed by the East India Company to work on British ships. This site focuses on information concerning these men, such as a mailing-list, and notes and articles. The latter section includes a list of British ranks aboard ship with their Lascar translations; P&O documents on the Lascars; and during WWII, serving on Merchant Navy vessels.
This extensive Latin American prehistory web page is part of the eMuseum at the Minnesota State University. It describes the peoples and events of Mesoamerican prehistory from the first settlers to the Spanish conquest, covering the Aztecs, Incas, Maya, and other significant cultures. The main page links to short articles on themes such as: the peopling of Central and South America; big game hunting; the transition to domestication; the history of Latin American archaeology; and the arrival of the Spanish. There are menu pages for Mesoamerican and South American sites and cultures. These contain pages for each major group and for important archaeological sites associated with them. The pages are organised according to the traditional time periods of the region: preclassical, classical, and postclassical. Each page offers a brief overview of the history of its subject, accompanied by illustrations and a short bibliography. A 'technology and society' section contains information about calendars, sports and games, religion, farming, social structures, and other aspects of everyday life in Mesoamerican societies. The site provides a straightforward overview of Latin American history before the arrival of the Europeans, and is suited to school use or as a reference guide for those with no specialist knowledge of the field.
The website Locating Pre-1800 Imprints, British and American is part of Cornell University Library's Web pages and provides indices to microform sets and links to online databases. Most of the collections are not accessible to non-Cornell users, but the bibliographical data is useful to those researching British or American works prior to 1800. In particular this page is useful for students beginning primary source work, as an introduction to where the sources are to be found. The American section includes Early American imprints (Evans and Shaw Shoemaker), based on Evan's American Bibliography, which contained the full-text of all known books, pamphlets, and broadsides printed in the US (including British American colonies) from 1639 to 1800. There is also information on early American newspapers, and early encounters in North America.The British section features: early English books from 1475 to 1700; the Thomason tracts; eighteenth century works; Stationer's Company registers; early English newspapers; and renaissance and medieval literary manuscripts. There is also a section on European incunabula.
This Web page is the personal site of the Gibraltarian historian M. G. Sanchez. The website contains a lot of historical material relating to the colony of Gibraltar. The material available is perhaps a little eclectic - ranging from historical documents on topics as varied as alcohol, prostitution and eighteenth-century poems to a list of famous authors and their works on Gibraltar (including Benjamin Disraeli; Sir Walter Scott; and Mark Twain), books on Gibraltar and Gibraltarian photographs. The amount of information available is impressive, but as there is no real introduction to the history of Gibraltar and no real discussion or annotation of the available sources, this site would perhaps not be especially beneficial to those unaware of the issues and themes in the history of the rock.
This website, The Man Who Captured Washington, presents information on the details of General Robert Ross and his role in the capture and destruction of Washington during the War of 1812. The subject material ought to appeal to non-specialists and specialists alike, and includes short essays on the Battle of Bladensburg, the burning of the public buildings in Washington by General Ross' forces and the manner in which Ross' death at the Battle of North Point played a key role influencing Francis Scott Keys composition of the Star Spangled Banner (the American national anthem). As the bicentennial of Ross' capture of Washington (in 1812) approaches, interest in this man and his actions during the war will grow. The website is attractively designed and presents a wealth on information on a topic not widely known or appreciated, but one which is central to the making of the Anglo-American relationship.
Map Collections is part of the Library of Congress' American Memory project, a project which is digitizing and making available online substantial primary source material from the Library's collections as part of a US national digital library initiative. The Map Collections is divided across seven broad categories: 'cities and towns', 'conservation and environment', 'discovery and exploration', 'Cultural Landscape', 'military battles and campaigns', 'transportation and communication', and 'general maps'. Each broad collection might have sub-sets. In addition, the library has created special presentations which focus on the history of map-making and surveying in the US (e.g. 'George Washington: Surveyor and Mapmaker'). The chronological range of the available maps include the settlement of America (1492-1763), the American revolution (1763-1783), the expansion of the new nation (1780-1861), the Civil War and beyond (1850-1877), and the making of modern America (1876-1930). Each section and sub-section includes descriptive text and inline images. It is also possible to go direct to a list of maps for any section without the commentary. Maps may be enlarged by the user without the need for additional plug-ins. Images are displayed with both a zoom window and a small navigator window. Each map is also accompanied by metadata giving information about the printed original (and related subjects). The site also supplies further information about the process of digitising and cataloguing the map collection and the option of downloading the map data direct, assuming the user has also obtained the MrSID image viewer (for .sid files).
This is the main website for 'MapHist: e-mail discussion group on the history of cartography'. The list concentrates on... "historical maps, atlases, globes and other cartographic documents", and membership is open to all interested parties. The website hosts an 'Illustration page' and a 'Discussion papers' page, where members deposit scholarly items for the list to discuss. These pages are open to non-members. There is also a 'History of Maphist' page, and external links to old (pre-2002) archives of the mailing-list. There is a short page about dragons and other monsters that appear on early maps, containing some details of the history of such maps, and a partial list of known early examples. MapHist is not to be confused with Maphist Article Manager, an annotation software tool for historical maps.
This website, which is made available by the Newberry Library, presents an online exhibition of maps detailing the territories of the French empire in the North American continent. The maps included cover the period between 1562 and 1825, and show French cartographers charting the new lands claimed by their state. The selection provides an insight into developments in cartography, as well as into the history of the French presence in North America. The images cover the area from Port-au-Prince to Labrador. In addition to maps they include: plans of fortifications; views, such as that of Louisbourg; plans of towns such as Montréal; and illustrations. They cover the period from early explorations and imperial ventures to the conflicts of the mid eighteenth century, and illustrate the course of France's imperial ambitions in North America. This site will be of interest to all those studying the history of French involvement in the continent, as well as scholars of cartography. The exhibition is divided into four main sections: Exploration and early European cartography, 1634-1710; The Maritimes and the Saint Lawrence River Valley; The Great Lakes and the Upper Mississippi Valley; and The Caribbean and the Lower Mississippi Valley. Each section includes an introductory paragraph. This is then followed by black and white map images, each of which is accompanied by text providing historical and cartographic information. The images are available in larger versions. However, no zoom function is provided, which renders the images less useful for research purposes. The site also includes a useful bibliography of secondary works.
'Maps: finding our place in the world' is an innovative interactive recreation of an exhibition of historical maps that was held as part of The Festival of Maps (Chicago, 2007-2008). The exhibition included fictional maps, such as those by J.R.R. Tolkien, and Bernard Sleigh's 'Anciente Mappe of Fairyland'. Clicking on exhibits brings up a pop-up box with an image and text about that exhibit. The exhibition was supported by the Federal Council on the Arts and the Humanities. This website may be of interest not only to historians and map collectors, but also to those examining new ways to present and archive gallery exhibitions online. A printed book version of the exhibition was published as 'What is a Map? A collection of unusual maps from Maps: Finding Our Place in the World' (University of Chicago Press, 2007).
This virtual exhibit includes photographs and archival documents from the collections of the Archives and Research Library of the New Brunswick Museum. The website provides a short introduction and discussion of Canadian involvement in the Boer War (called the South African War here), the First World War and the Second World War. The images portray the theme of the many faces of war, from the South African War to the end of the Second World War. The Great War section contains over 500 on-line exhibits of military and personal interest. The website can be searched by keyword or browsed. A highly useful tool for those wishing to research Canadian involvement in war during the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-centuries.
The "Masculinity and Imperialism Bibliography" website is an online bibliography published on H-Women, one of the networks on H-Net. The bibliography has been compiled by a postgraduate student, and is specifically concerned with the history of masculinity and men, and imperial/colonialism. The bibliography only contains secondary sources that deal directly with these themes, and currently contains around 30 titles. Users can also find related gender bibliographies on the H-Women home page, although not many of these are directly connected to masculinity. The site was created in 1994 and not updated since, therefore the list of titles does not reflect the latest publications in the field but can still be used as a starting point.
Materials for the history of Argentine railways is a simple yet informative site, which provides unique and fascinating material about the development of railways in Argentina from 1857-1960. Produced by Sylvester Damus, author of the two books about Argentine railways, this website provides a great deal of detail about the collection of: official statistics; directors' reports; proceedings of shareholder meetings; biographies; and selections from technical, historical, and economic literature that he has gathered on a compact disc. Although most of this material is not freely available, there are full descriptions of both primary and secondary source material available, meaning that this website would be of use to a researcher of the history of Argentine railways, the economic and social development of Argentina, or Anglo-Argentine relations who is looking to see what material is available in the field.
The Meeting of Frontiers project is a collaboration between the Library of Congress, the National Library of Russia, the Russian State Library, the Elmer E Rasmuson Library at the University of Alaska Fairbanks and the Institute of History of the Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Novosibirsk). The project, which is in fact a digital library, is concerned with the history of Russian expansion across Siberia to the Russian Far East and the Pacific, the American expansion westwards and the meeting of the Russian-American border in Alaska and the Pacific Northwest. The website provides information on the history of the area and offers access to primary source material. The historical narrative on the site is divided into six sections: exploration; colonization; development; Alaska; frontiers and national identity; and mutual perceptions. Each section is accompanied by images relating to major events, a bibliography with suggestions for further reading and a set of links to other relevant sites. There are a number of modules within the narrative section which present material in greater depth. These modules contain additional explanatory text and images and aim to draw attention to the similarities and differences of the Russian and American experience. The digital collections on the site comprise a significant proportion of materials from the partner libraries: books and serials; manuscripts; maps; and photographs. It is possible to search the site. This project was created in 2002, and the site is now archived.
The website The Memorial Gates Trust is the homepage of the charity. The Memorial Gates were erected on Constitution Hill in London, as a remembrance for the men and women from the Indian subcontinent, Africa and the Caribbean, who volunteered to serve with the Armed Forces in the First and Second World Wars. The site includes text, pictures and some oral testimony. For each war there is an overview of the conflicts, and a map highlighting the area in the world where campaigns took place. There are then three sub-chapters discussing the experiences of the five million Commonwealth volunteers.
This is the official website of the British Ministry of Defence art collection, a collection containing art relevant to the experience and history of the British Armed Forces. The main page contains a concise 500-word profile of the collection and the MOD Art Collection team who maintain... "over fifteen hundred items of fine art and antiques, including paintings, drawings, engravings, photographs, clocks and furniture". There is also a short article on conservation efforts, and details of the collection of architectural drawings. There are also image galleries such as 12 images of works by war artists (accompanied by short scholarly texts), and similar annotated galleries for: Portraits; Battles; Exploration; Clocks; Engravings; and Miscellaneous. The website has contact and location details. There are also external Web links to those with similar military collections, such as the Imperial War Museum, Royal Naval Museum, National Army Museum, and the Royal Air Force Museum.
The website "Mir istorii" (The World of History) is a Russian language electronic journal, which was launched in 1999. The journal, and the website accordingly, have the following five main sections: glavnaia stranitsa (main page); novosti (news); anonsy (announcements); ssylki (references); arkhiv (archive); biblioteka (library). The main page focuses on the latest issue. It includes articles on the datation of the Song of Igor's campaign, the 1942 Kharkhov disaster, reviews of Hungarian historical monographs and reviews . In the archive section users can find materials from all the previous issues. In the library section one can read the introduction and the chapter on Columbus from the book by V.A. Subbotin "Velikie otkrytiia: Kolumb, Vasko da Gama, Magellan". In "Announcements" users can find information about forthcoming conferences. The site does not disclose any information about the editorial board of this journal.
The 'Missing and Stolen Maps Database' is an online website provided by the International Antiquarian Mapsellers Association (IAMA). Launched in Spring 2008, it aims to have an international scope and is the product of... "advanced cooperation and collaboration between dealers, collectors, librarians and curators". The website is free and searchable via a variety of methods. There is a standard report form (free online registration is required to use this feature) to report missing or stolen maps. The 'Acknowledgements' page has full details of the contributors and project partners.
This website provides information regarding the contents and structure of the Mountbatten Papers Database created and hosted by the Special Collections Department of the University of Southampton Libraries. Online access to the database is by permission only, but the website contains an application form the submission of which will normally result in researchers being granted 12 months' access upon acceptance of the terms and conditions of use. The database contains detailed descriptions of papers belonging to the late Louis, Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900-1979), and Edwina, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1901-1960) that are currently to be found in the Broadlands archives of the University of Southampton, as well as a glossary of terms and abbreviations used in the descriptions, along with a summary catalogue. The Mountbatten Papers collection consists of approximately 300,000 items that touch on both the private and the public life of Earl Mountbatten and his family, and include around 50,000 photographs. Among the papers one can find documents related to his role as a military commander during World War II, his position as the last Viceroy (and later first Governor General) of India, his appointments as Sea Lord and as Chief of the UK Defence Staff in the later stages of his career.
"The Napoleonic Guide" is an online reference guide to French history 1796-1815 touching on the preceding French Revolution, but concentrating on the career of the emperor Napoleon Bonaparte and military history in particular. It is possibly of general interest, covering as many areas as possible with the basic information, with only a little original content that adds greater depth to the information published here.The site content is supplemented by a significant number of subject-related Web links. These, as well as the contributed content, the editor claims to monitor for accuracy and prejudice. "The Napoleonic Guide" aims to move towards becoming a major forum in which people publish their ideas and knowledge of this dynamic and pivotal era in European history. Currently to sustain online presence the prevalence of Pop-up adverts distract from what is becoming a significant resource.
This site, developed by the Fondation Napoléon, aims to make primary source material relating to the First and Second Napoleonic Empires available online. The site aims to appeal to researchers and enthusiasts alike. Three collections are currently on the site. There are 3660 printed working documents of the Counseil d’État, 1800-1814; 150 letters from Napoleon I to Bigot de Préameneu, 1800-1815 and 255 drawings from the collection Houdetot 1797-1835. Napoleonica.org are planning to add further collections to the site. It is possible to search the full-text of the collections. A quick search and an extended search facility are available. As well as providing access to primary source material introductions to the collections are available from the site. Bibliographies and general information on the collections are also provided.
This leaflet looks at records relating to the authorities responsible for the British colonies on the western shores of the Atlantic held at The National Archives. For each colony the five main types of record are: Original Correspondence with the Secretary of State; Original Correspondence with the Board of Trade; Entry Books of the Secretary of State; Entry Books of the Board of Trade; and Collections of Acts and Sessional Papers of the colonial legislature. Other sources include naval officers' returns of shipping and naval despatches. Information on each of these types is given. The leaflet also includes details of printed sources and guides to the records.
This leaflet begins by describing what records are not available at The National Archives. Information on relevant records is given including those of the Colonial Office, Dominions Office and the Commonwealth Relations Office. Guidance on accessing documents held in these collections is given. Other records relate to government gazettes, acts and sessional papers. Brief details of other record classes of relevance to the study of the British Empire are included.
This leaflet looks at ships' passenger lists among the records of the Board of Trade held at The National Archives. It gives guidance on which series to consult depending on what information is already known. Specific categories are passenger lists before 1878; Board of Trade Passenger Lists; registers of passenger lists; and passenger lists in overseas archives.
This website, from the National History Education Clearinghouse, aims to bring together a number of resources on primarily American history in order to improve and encourage the teaching, and learning, of history (mainly in the American primary and secondary education systems). As well as a number of teaching aids (including information on professional development, teaching materials and hints-and-tips, and best practices) there are a number of articles available under the 'history content' section. This section provides access to essays on a number of topics - ranging from discussion of 'Manifest Destiny' and of Native American alliances during the Seven Years War/French and Indian War, to discussion of the American constitution and Boston Tea Party. Intended for adults, who are teaching K-12 (primary and secondary education) social sciences classes, the information provided is nontheless accurate, interesting and will be a good starting-point for undergraduate students.
This is the Web portal for the online digital collections offered by The National Library of Australia. Collections include... "pictures, rare historical maps, early Australian printed music, manuscripts belonging to famous Australians, selected printed works from our Australian and overseas collections, and selected audio recordings". The website offers simple navigation of the collections by media type, or by a keyword search engine. At May 2009 the website offers open access to: 1,700 books, journals and ephemera items; 100,500 pictures online; 7,225 online maps; 8,800 items from the manuscript collection; 10,800 printed music items; and 40,000 hours of recorded oral history, stories and folk songs. The website also has detailed accounts of the process and progress of the various digitisation projects at the National Library of Australia. This will be a useful website for historians of Australia, the British Empire, and the Commonwealth.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Nations in Conflict : Data on National Growth and International Violence for Six Major European Powers, 1870-1914' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS and to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, so further information is supplied giving instructions. The data were compiled as part of the investigators' study dealing with the dynamics of conflict and warfare and the role of national growth and expansion in that process. The annual aggregate data compiled for the period 1870-1914 on Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and Austria-Hungary are in 8 categories: national size, colonial size, economic and productivity profile, commercial activity, government budget, alliances, violence, and conflicts of interest. The first 6 are aggregate data compiled from yearbooks and other historical sources. One of the alliance measures - adversary relationship - is a dummy variable coded 1 if nation was not aligned, 0 if aligned. Variables in the last two categories are derived from subjective scaling procedures.
The Naval Review (1913-1997) is a free online archive of the Royal Navy's independent professional journal. The Review is independent of the Ministry of Defence. Issues are freely available for download in PDF format, and issues can be up to 10Mb in size. The website also offers some additional archive material, and "an index with full search facilities". Example articles from a randomly-chosen issue from 1953 include: 'Air Strategy in 1954'; 'Prince Rupert and de Ruyter, 1673'; and 'N.A.T.O. and the command of the Baltic', along with a student analysis of the Dardanelles during the First World War, and other articles. It seems that the Review mixed articles of contemporary strategic and policy analysis with those of historical scholarship, alongside shorter notices of current policy news, and a great many book reviews and book notices. The PDFs contain searchable OCR texts, and text can be copied and pasted from them. The quality of the OCR scanning process seems to have been professional.
The House of Representative website provides a history of the New Zealand parliament, published by the Ministry for Culture and Heritage as part of their NZ History.net website. The material is written by John E Martin, author of the book 'The House: New Zealand's House of Representatives 1854-2004'. A brief history of the parliament is given, plus information about its structure, day to day business, and significant milestones. The site also features some excellent multimedia resources, such as: building panoramas; video footage; oral history interviews; interesting photographs; cartoons and postcards. A glossary of useful terms is also provided
Northern Ireland: the Troubles is a BBC History website, concerned with one of the most violent periods in Northern Irish history. Dealing with the era known as the Troubles, it covers over 30 years of history, from the 1960s to 1998. It is a well-structured site and the key information is comprised in one section: "Conflict in Context". This has three chapters, of which the history of Northern Ireland from 1167 to 1921 is discussed in the first one, The Road to Northern Ireland. The violent events of the late 1960s and early 1970s, such as the Battle of Bogside and Bloody Sunday, the brief attempt in 1974 to create a government containing Republicans and Unionists, the protests of Republicans prisoners during the 1970s and 1980s and the efforts to secure a peaceful resolution in Northern Ireland from the 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement until the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 are detailed in the second chapter: The Troubles, 1963-1985. T. The site also features a gallery of murals from both Republican and Loyalist neighbourhoods, audio interviews with Catholics and Protestants about life during the Troubles under Legacy, and a fact file section, which provides useful reference information about political parties, paramilitary groups and key themes in the history of Ulster.
Created to celebrate the two hundredth anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar, the official website of HMS Victory provides detailed information on the ship and her crew. Much of the site focuses on HMS Victory's role as the flagship of Admiral Lord Nelson's fleet at Trafalgar in 1805; it includes a muster roll of the men on board. Attractively illustrated with photographs, cross-section diagrams and a newspaper report of the battle, this is a useful site. Despite being in dry dock at Portsmouth, HMS Victory is still a commissioned warship and is staff by the Royal Navy, so some information is given about her history between Trafalgar and the present day. As the ship is open to visitors, the standard information for tourist attractions is provided, including opening hours and ticket prices. There are many pages for schools, generally key stages 1 and 2, with a transcript of the tour given to schoolchildren. Some areas of the site have not been updated since 2004 and a few links do not work.
This website, available in both French and English, contains a vast amount of Canadian historical sources and is searchable either by keyword or browsable in alphabetical order. The site provides access to many interesting and varied aspects to Canadian history, from the initial settlements, through the American invasions in the War for Independence, and Canadian abolition sentiments, through to the erection of the Sackville telephone exchange. The website is both massive in scope and easy to browse, and it benefits from the collaboration from many Canadian libraries, archives and universities. The website will be of great value to historians of North America, and Canada in particular.
Ozships : Australian Shipping 1788 to 1968 is an enthusiast's website that provides users with free access to details of shipping arrivals and departures and passenger lists for both Australia and New Zealand. Over 66,000 entries relate to shipping arrivals and departures and there is information for over 92,000 passengers. The data is taken from shipping gazettes, trade lists, newspapers, logs and other archival material. Each entry contains the name of the ship, the arrival or departure date, port of origin and destination, if known, plus other details. There are also passenger, convict and crew lists. Passenger lists are accessed through the name of the vessel they travelled on and are not comprehensive. A CD of the database is available to buy. Since late 2008, the site has been undergoing an overhaul and updating its links to accompany its new name of Ozships.
Marking the two hundred years since Parliament passed the Act that abolished the British Slave Trade, this website illustrates the role that the government played in slavery. Created by the Parliamentary Archives and the 24 Hour Museum (now known as Culture24), this well laid out and informative site makes good use of documents and images, including paintings, cartoons and artefacts. The emphasis is on learning and users from schoolchildren to historians will be able to find out more about the slave trade at their own pace. The History and Explore sections use digitised documents to discuss the background to the transatlantic slave trade, the role of Parliament and the abolition movement. In the Your Voice section, users can post comments, check whether their ancestors signed the slavery petitions and listen to an interview with Kwame Kwei-Armah. The Learning pages provide guidance for schoolchildren to create citizenship and history projects; teachers can register to create an interactive resource. There is a timeline, glossary and information about an exhibition held at Westminster Hall until 23 September 2007, where many of these documents can be seen.
This Web page provides an online account of the passage from London to Sydney, in 1878, by William Hampson. The website is based on Hampson's notes and diary from the journey and has been compiled and digitised by his great-grandson, Phil Davies. The diary is quite detailed and contains a great amount of information on the day-to-day life aboard the sailing ship, 'Anne Duthie'. Hampson, as well as detailing the ordinary events of life on-board the ship (such as bathing routines), also took a particular interest in wildlife, and he documents many of the new animals discovered by him on his voyage. Sadly, the images he recorded are not available on the website. They are, however, available (along with an entire copy of the diary entries) in PDF format at the following address: http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/philsnet/WHLtoS.pdf.
This website is concerned with theories of colonialism and post-colonialism, and is part of a larger website dealing with English post-colonial and post-imperial literature. Developed by Professor George Landow of Brown University, the site provides a useful reference guide for those studying post colonialism and imperial history. As its title suggests, this website is primarily concerned with the theories surrounding its subject, rather than the experiences in individual countries.The contents of the site have been split into eight sections. Firstly, Themes and Issues, which provides introductions to key themes along with essays and articles; secondly, Theorists, which gives an outline of the stance of key theorists in the field; thirdly, Terms, a selective glossary of words and phrases used in the post colonial discussion; and, lastly, Gender Matters, which features essays on the role of gender in the post-colonial debate. In addition to this there is Historical Contexts, which provides the political and historical background to post-colonial themes and individual countries, Symbol and Image, which explores the motifs of the subject, and an extensive Bibliography. Lastly, there is a Conferences and Events section, where the details and papers of past conferences can be found, along with calls for papers and information about forthcoming events.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Political Regimes and Regime Transitions in Africa, 1910-1994' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This data collection focuses on political regimes and regime transitions in 47 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The first part of the dataset contains information on the characteristics of post-colonial political regimes from independence to December 31, 1989. Economic variables include GNP per capita, inflation, structural adjustment programs, overseas development assistance, and external debt, while social indicators concern ethnic and religious fragmentation. Political variables provide a listing of every national election in Africa from independence to 1989, for totals of 106 presidential and 185 parliamentary contests, the number of political parties, association groups, and media outlets in each country in 1975 and 1989, and type of political regime, including the duration of each regime in years and the total number and mode of previous regime transitions up to 1989.
The second part of the dataset covers the political dynamics of regime transitions for the five-year period from the beginning of 1990 to the end of 1994. The researchers created a standardized framework to identify and categorize the key events and features of political transitions, concentrating on landmark events such as political protests, liberalization reforms, elections, and changes of government in each country. In addition, the researchers assembled a complete set of standard election results for every multiparty contest in Africa between 1990 and 1994, along with information on whether observers ruled the vote as free and fair, whether incumbents were ousted, and whether losers accepted the results.
This website is a guide to the archaeology of Port Royal in Jamaica, one of the largest English colonies in the Americas in the 17th century and a leading centre for trade and licensed piracy in the West Indies until it was struck by a devastating earthquake in 1692 and a major fire in 1703. The settlement, the only legal port of entry to the Jamaican interior, thrived because of the trade in slaves, sugar and other raw materials but also because it from here than buccaneers pillaged the ships of the Spanish Main with official English approval. Its tolerant multiculturalism and rakish population gave it the reputation in its time for being the 'wickedest city on Earth'. The Institute for Nautical Archaeology of Texas A&M University and Jamaica National heritage Trust have been investigating the submerged portions of Port Royal since 1981, revealing a fascinating slice of the social, architectural and commercial history of the town. The resource provides a detailed analysis of the buildings and their finds. These can be compared with contemporary historical records, such as wills, maps, and inventories, which are also provided online and together provide a unique combination of artefactual and textual history. There is also a select bibliography of published articles on Port Royal along with abstracts of dissertations on material from the excavations. The Port Royal website will benefit students and researchers of historical archaeology and underwater exploration but also will provide useful material for early modern historians of trade and colonialism in the Americas.
The Spanish Archives Portal (PARES) brings together in one single place a vast amount of digitised resources from all the main Spanish historical archives. It provides access to more than 11 million of full-text documents, manuscripts, maps and photographs from all periods of Spanish and European history, as well as catalogues of other materials not available for download. PARES is conformed by important archives such as: Simancas Archives; National Historical Archive (AHN); and the Documentation Centre of Historical Memory. Since the 'Archivo General de Indias' (Archives of the Indies) is part of the network, the site will also be useful for those interested in the cultural, social and economical exchanges between Spain and its colonies in America and Asia, especially during the Early modern period. Users may search for digitised collections and documents using various options, or alternatively browse the contents of each archive in the network. Access to digitised documents, maps, manuscripts and photographs is free and, although registration is not compulsory, registered users can save their searches, and send images and documents to their email addresses. There is also a 'Projects' section, offering links to various archival projects such as: 'Archivo Rojo' (Red File); Responses to the Ensenada Cadastre (1750-4); Spanish Civil War posters; and Spaniards deported to Nazi camps. The website is in Spanish only.
Power and Politics in the Nineteenth Century River Plate provides an annotated account of nineteenth century political developments in the Rio de la Plata region using scanned images of rare documents from the O’Grady Collection University of Notre Dame. The website provides short essays which summarise the key events, including: pre-independence; federalism v Unitarianism; and the rise of Juan Manuel de Rosas among other subjects. Each essay is supplemented by hyperlinks which lead the researcher to a short commentary or further explanation of the term along with information on the relevant primary source documents. The researcher can also scroll down to see the original page view of the document, which has been scanned at various different resolutions. A short biographical section is also included as is a small collection of further web links. This website provides an excellent introduction to the researcher of the era, or for someone who is looking for easily readable background information. The inclusion of many excellent primary sources means that this website is a valuable resource for historians and others alike.
This website documents the war time experiences of Frank Larkin, a member of the Australian Armed Forces during World War Two. The website tells the story of his capture by the Japanese during the battle of the Muar in January, 1942 and of his time in various prisons and camps in Malaya, Singapore, Thailand and Japan. The website has been created by Frank Larkin's son, and provides a great wealth of resources relating to both the personal experiences of Larkin and, significantly, a great number of items of more generalist interest. There are, for example, details of the letters received from the Australian military and Red Cross relating to Larkin's imprisonment, as well as a great many photographs of the Prisoner of War camps and items used during the Second World War. The website presents a vast amount of very detailed, very personal, and very interesting research and will be of great value to anyone interested in the Australian effort during the Second World War in particular.
This is an online database of immigrant passenger arrivals in the Taranaki region of New Zealand in the nineteenth century. It is jointly published by the Puke Ariki cultural centre and the New Plymouth Genealogy Group. The site allows users to search for passenger arrivals between 1852 and 1885 by surname, first name, ships name and date. The results give details of the passenger's name, ship, date, direction, port of arrival, port of departure and the date the arrival was published in the newspaper. This is a useful resource for genealogists and colonial and immigration history.
This subpage of the Puke Ariki Web site showcases the government-held archives, artefacts and pictorial and photographic collections of the Taranaki and the New Plymouth area in New Zealand. All three sections of resources collections listed here have their own databases. The archives contain historical information on individuals, families and businesses as well as local newspapers. The artefacts page allows users to search the institution's holdings of military, social, cultural, decorative, textile and scientific historical objects. The photographs span the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and can be searched by keyword or browsed by category. The categories are buildings, business and industry, dairying, Mt. Taranaki, New Zealand wars and land wars, the petrochemical industry, the port and foreshore and the streets. Each picture can be enlarged and is accompanied with details of the location, subject, photographer, date and catalogue number. Many pictures also feature an explanatory note.
Quinto centenario was a publication from the Facultad de Geografía e Historia in the Departamento de Historia de América at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Published termly, it ran from 1981-1989. Although the publication has ceased publication, all the articles remain online and are available for downloading as a PDF. It is possible to browse or search by author, title or journal issue; articles have included topics as diverse as sixteenth century Mexican demographics, Hispanic American literature, an entire issue dedicated to Ortega y Gasset and the Philippines. MOst articles are written in SPanish and focus on the history of early Spanish American exploration and conquest
The website 'The Rebellion of 1798: A document facsimile pack' consists of a downloadable PDF file containing 17 facsimiles of seventeen important documents relating to the Irish uprising of 1798 against Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland. The site is part of the National Archives of Ireland website. The unsuccessful rebellion of 1798 was initiated by the Society of United Irishmen, lead by figures such as Wolfe Tone and Beaucamp Bagnall Harvey. The documents begin with the Lord Lieutenant Earl Camden's 1796 report on the state of Ireland and conclude with the Catholic Archbishop of Dublin's letter to Castlereagh in 1800, complaining of continued outrages in County Wexford. Other documents include: the oath of the United Irishmen; the bulletin announcing the arrest of Lord Edward Fitzgerald; Ebenezer Jacob's letter reporting the defeat of the government troops at Oulart Hill; General Sir James Duff's despatch describing the dispersal of the rebels at the Curragh; and a copy of a proclamation signed by James Napper Tandy. Many of the documents are handwritten and require a bit of concentration to read, a transcription of the originals being provided. Notes for teachers wishing to use the documents in history lessons are included.
reCollections: Journal of the National Museum of Australia is an independent, peer-reviewed journal, published online twice a year. It focuses on two main areas: museology and museum practice; and the history and interpretation of objects and the social and environmental history of material culture. Articles relate specifically to Australia and the Asia-Pacific region, or confront issues that are broadly relevant to museums or material history. Each issue of the journal also includes reviews on books and exhibitions, as well as commentary pieces.
This website provides a brief outline of the research being undertaken at the University of Oxford's Aftican Studies Centre. Research described on the site include: 'The Cold War in Africa'; the AHRC-funded work on the Lower Omom Valley in Ethiopia and 'Trauma and Personhood in Late Colonial Kenya'; African Voices: Letters of petition from Colonial Nigeria; Animals in Bushman Medicine. Alongside these projects are details of research programmes at the centre and doctoral and post-doctoral research.
Hosted by the Tarlton Law Library of the University of Texas, and written by their Archivist and Rare Books Librarian Mike Widener, 'Resources on Aztec and Mayan Law' is an annotated bibliography of useful works on Central American law. Containing sections on the Aztecs and Mayans, this useful resource considers works on Indian law and rights both pre-conquest and in the colonial era. A well-informed and detailed listing which assesses content and significance of the books listed, Widener has compiled an excellent bibliography of relevant information on Central America, particularly Mexico. Considering both recent and historical works in Spanish and English, this website should be a first port of call for any researcher into the history of law in Latin America.
This is the website for two Arts and Humanities Research Council funded workshops held in 2007 and 2008. They aimed to bring together curators, librarians, archivists and academics to discuss the challenges posed by research collections in UK museums and galleries. The first workshop was concerned with developing museum research facilities and supporting researchers, whilst the second focussed on collections related to the experience of empire and the specific challenges these face, such as ethics and the lack of clear guidelines on access and confidentiality. The website includes workshop programmes and slides from some of the presentations delivered.
The Revista brasileira de história (ISSN 1806-9347 online; 0102-0188 print version) is a scholarly peer reviewed journal from the Associação Nacional de História of Brazil. Available online through SciELO are the full-text issues from 1997 onwards which focus primarily on Brazilian and Latin American history. The journal also includes to some extent articles on other historical topics (such as an analysis of the documentary 'Shoah', or the birth of sociology in the French university between 1880 and 1914). Users will find articles on, for example, the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état; the history of education in Brazil particularly from 1940 to 1970; the 'lost city of Bahia'; early missionaries and their adversaries, the Caraíba shamen in colonial Brazil; and the relationship between history and drama as illustrated in the work of Brazilian playwright, Jorge Andrade. Some issues feature thematic dossiers: these have included articles grouped around the themes of new challenges in the teaching of History; migration; and urban experience. The majority of articles are written in Portuguese, although all are accompanied by abstracts in English. The journal also features book reviews and interviews, and SciELO provides a useful search facility. This is an excellent journal which will appeal to those with a particular interest in Brazilian history.
Providing access to a variety of work on Latin America, Robert McCaa's home page is an extremely useful website for researchers into the history of Mexico. An established scholar in the Department of History of the University of Minnesota, Robert McCaa has undertaken extensive research, particularly into the social and economic history of Mexico, both in the modern and early colonial periods. Providing full-text online versions of much of his work, both preprints and unpublished essays on modern society and the Nahua or Aztec peoples, this site deals with an extensive range of subjects, issues of gender and population among the most prominent. Also containing a number of PowerPoint presentations, the images of which are unfortunately omitted, this is a thorough and generous resource of McCaa's research, providing access to detailed data from a number of the projects to which he has contributed.
The website "The Russian Review" introduces this publication as one of the journals represented by JSTOR. It is a multi-disciplinary academic journal devoted to the history, literature, culture, fine arts, cinema, society and politics of the peoples of the former Russian Empire and the former Soviet Union. In each issue one can find original research articles written by established and upcoming scholars as well as reviews of new publications. The journal was founded in 1941 in Columbus, Ohio, and shows the evolution of the field of Russian/Soviet studies in North America. As an independent journal it does not have any national, political or professional association. Users can browse its 56 volumes, from v.1 (1956) to v.56 (1997). Each volume has several issues, and copyright restrictions do not permit downloading an entire issue of the journal. Access to JSTOR should be available for all UK students and staff.
The Salem Witch Trials documentary archive and transcription project is a website which provides access to primary source material on the witchcraft trial in Salem Village (now Danvers), Massachusetts in 1692. This material includes archival documents from: the Essex County Court Archives; Peabody and Essex Museum; Massachusetts Archives; Massachusetts Historical Society; Beverly Historical Society; and the University of Virginia Special Collections. There are lists of accusers, defendants, 'afflicted girls', members of the jury, judges, and Puritan ministers involved. The site includes the verbatim transcripts of the 1692 trials compiled by Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum. These transcripts can be viewed by complete volume, browsed via a contents page, or searched. It is also possible to carry out a keyword or phrase search, which can be narrowed down according to date, name of accused or title of archive. Maps of Salem and Andover, and a map of how the witchcraft accusations spread are also provided. The creators of the site have reproduced four books on witchcraft from the late 17th century: 'More Wonders of the Invisible World', by Robert Calef (1700); 'Cases of Conscience Concerning Evil Spirits', by Increase Mather (1693); 'A Modest Inquiry into the Nature of Witchcraft', by John Hale (1697); and 'Some Miscellany Observations on Our Present Debates in a Dialogue Between S. and B.', by Samuel Willard (1692). This site is an excellent resource of primary sources for the study, on all levels, of the Salem Witchcraft trials.
The Scots in Argentina web page, which includes Argentine and Chilean Patagonia, gives an introduction to the research topic of Scots in Argentina as well as providing official lists of Scots in the area, drawn from many different publications. It encompasses records from 1800-1932. Divided into several sections, the website provides brief historical overviews of the time and the people. It then provides statistics for marriages, burials, births, civil records, including members of the St Andrews society and religious records from the Church of Scotland. Finally expanded information about Scots in Tierra del Fuego and the Falkland Islands is included. This is an excellent site for researching history and genealogy in South America, particularly as the author has been careful to mention his and other useful sources.
Forming part of the British Library's online Americas collections, the website 'The Search for a Northwest Passage' is an introduction to the subject that includes images and brief historical accounts related to the centuries-long search for the Northwest Passage between the North Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans. The site is divided into four main sections: 'Early approaches'; 'Voyages of delusion'; 'The Admiralty takes over'; and 'The search for Franklin and the discovery of the passage'. The text begins with the late 15th century voyages of John and Sebastian Cabot and includes brief accounts of the expeditions of Captain Cook and Sir John Franklin. Other explorers covered include Frobisher, Henry Hudson, Samuel Hearne, John Ross and Robert McClure. The text concludes with the crossing of the Northwest Passage by Roald Amundsen, completed in 1906. Each section is accompanied by a set of images taken from the British Library's collection; these are mainly portraits, maps and illustrations, some of which are most striking. The images may be viewed in a larger form, and have explanatory captions which give further information about the people and events they represent. The site also provides a list of useful external websites, and a thorough bibliography of relevant materials in the British Library's collections. This bibliography, probably the section of the site of most interest to researchers, is available as a PDF.
The website "Seringapatam 1799" is published by Macquarie University, and provides access to transcriptions of two primary sources relevant to the battle that took place in Mysore between Tipu Sultan's army and the British Grand and Bombay armies at the end of the eighteenth century. On the site users can read a letter and a journal written by Major Lachlan Macquarie of the Bombay Army that give an eyewitness account of the events at Seringapatam, a victory which helped to consolidate the British position in India. In his letter Macquarie describes the battle, and his journal, which covers February to May 1799, offers information about army manoeuvres, and the bombardment and siege of Seringapatam. Also available on the site is a bibliography of further reading. References for this event provided on the site include: a selection of historic documents related to the British capture of Seringapatam; a list of place names from the region around Seringapatam; terminology; a list of participating regiments; biographies of some officials and officers involved in the conflict; chronology; images of Seringapatam; and a map of the city in 1799.
This website presents the results of Peter Metelerkamp’s AHRC funded project ‘Settler Country : Visual Traces in South Africa’, which documents the traces of the 1820s British settlers of South Africa’s Eastern Cape. Through a series of black and white photographs (taken using 1950s Rolleiflex cameras and hand developed) Metelerkamp both records the buildings, landscapes and current inhabitants of the original settlement areas to meditate specifically on the transformation of Britishness after 200 years, and more generally on notions of cultural and geographic “passage” and the lingering effects of colonial presence. As well as an introduction to the project and extensive galleries of the work, the website includes useful introduction to Metelerkamp’s working methods and links to other resources more appropriate to those researching settler history.
This website is the outcome of a project, part funded by the AHRC, to document the traces of colonial (and specifically British) settlement of South Africa’s Eastern Cape. Through photographs of the built environment of small towns in the area, documentary photographer Peter Metelerkamp examines both the continuing “visible influence of colonial presence” and traces its passing and contemporary social change (less than 10f the regions rural population is of white settler descent). The website “is not intended to offer an apologia for the settler project, nor to celebrate its demise; rather it is an invitation to reflect on its character”, and it contains some 81 elegaic images of ‘settler country’.
This site, created by the State Library of New South Wales in Sydney Australia, provides access to papers of Sir Joseph Banks. Joseph Banks was an independent botanist who sailed with Cook on the Endeavour (1768-1761). This was to be his only journey to the area although he was heavily involved with pacific exploration, botany and early Australian colonial life. This site offers access to Sir Joseph Bank’s papers which are held in the Mitchell and Dixson collection at the State Library of New South Wales. Approximately 10,000 manuscript pages which include correspondence, reports, invoices and accounts, as well as a small number of maps, watercolours and charts are available from the site. The correspondence on the site includes letters from and concerning many notable figures in early pacific exploration such as James Cook, William Bligh and Lachlan Macquarie. The online collection is presented as facsimile copies and have been extensively indexed. The site has been divided into sections which make it straightforward to browse. It is possible to search the site by author, date, subject, notes and transcript.
English Heritage has investigated the connections between the transatlantic slave trade and the properties it manages. This special Sites of Memory website is a guide to a selection of the many historic buildings and sites with a link to the history of the slave trade, of black people brought to England through the trade, and of the abolition struggle. This attractively designed Web page is split into three main sections (the Slave Trade and Plantation Wealth; Black Lives in England; and Abolitionists), and each of these sections deals, in essay format with illustrative pictures, with the impact of slavery on English Heritage's holdings, and how these buildings and sites impacted the slave trade. This website presents the slave trade with an interesting and fresh narrative, and looks at the trade from a different angle.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Slave Trade Movement between Africa and the Americas, 1817-1843' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To conduct a quantitative analysis of the slave trade from Africa to the Americas during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file or a Microsoft Excel 2000 file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of: Ship's port of arrival, date of arrival, type of vessel, tonnage, master's name, number of guns, number of crew, national flag, number of slaves, port of departure, number of days of voyage, mortality.
The Society for Arabian Studies is a scholarly organisation based in London that aims to... "support and encourage research in the Arabian peninsula in the fields of archaeology, history, culture and the environment". The website is presented in English. The Society publishes an annual 'Bulletin' magazine in English, which is freely available online in PDF format. The 'Bulletin' aims to be a comprehensive survey of scholarly activity in the field during the past year, and at October 2008 three issues of this journal are available for download. Also available on the website are full details of the organising committee, membership fees, the Society's conferences, lectures, its Monograph Series, and other activities. The Society also offers small grants, of £500. This website will be especially useful for those seeking an accessible summary of recent scholarship in this area.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Statistics of Australian Public Debt and Capital Raised in London, 1842-1914" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This dataset publishes new statistics of Australian colonial and state debt, and of capital raised by all Australian public borrowers (including corporation) in London, until 1914. Current historical statistics do not distinguish between stocks of debt held locally or abroad. Moreover, the time series of new capital subscribed or received in London prepared by Butlin, Simon, Hall, and others often aggregate all colonial public borrowing, have different terminal dates, and are inconsistent with each other. The new statistics remedy these deficiencies. Three types of table are presented. The first disaggregates, and where necessary corrects, the official annual statistics of stocks of outstanding debt of each Australian colony, distinguishing between the place of original sale, long and short-term securities, and gross new issues (i.e. the nominal value of all securities sold) and repayments. The second shows the stocks of long and short term debt held in Australia and the United Kingdom. These are taken principally from Statistical Registers, and include debt (e.g. stock issued by Savings Banks) omitted from the official statistics in the early years. The final type of table summarises the principal annual flows in London of capital created (including as a result of conversions and exchanges), subscribed, received, and amortized for each colonial government and for public corporations as a single group. It excludes flows arising from remittance of securities originally sold in the colonies, but includes transfers from London to colonial registers and purchases from sinking funds where they are known. The data is presented in 18 spreadsheets and are of seven separate borrowers: New South Wales (3 spreadsheets), Victoria (3), Queensland (3), South Australia (3), Tasmania (2), Western Australia (2), and public corporations (1).
Designed to complement the British Broadcasting Corporation’s (BBC) news reporting, articles, and publications on the African continent, 'The Story of Africa' provides a comprehensive multimedia introduction to African culture and its entire history. With contributions from an array of academics from around the world and recordings of historical broadcasts from major African figures, the site describes a host of major political and social events beginning with early nomadic and agricultural communities up to and including the political movements for African independence from colonial powers. Students who work their way through these pages will find themselves quickly orientated and introduced to the major events in African history. The sections on Islam, Christianity and traditional religions will especially please those interested in religious development on this continent. Each describes the arrival and progress of these belief systems, as well as their distinctive features, practices, and interactions with various political and secular arenas. Within the sub-sections of the site users will find helpful links and bibliographies, as well as excerpts from audio broadcasts previously transmitted by BBC radio.
This web page, published by the University Libraries, the University of Washington and compiled by an academic, is a web gateway of online African history resources. Divided into five sections, General African Studies, East Africa, South Africa, West Africa and Organisations, the site provides resources for much of the continent, although it is by no means exhaustive. Many of the sites listed cover African history from the seventeenth century onwards, and are concerned with colonial history and European exploration of Africa. Amongst the countries included are Kenya, Tanzania, Ghana, Congo, Liberia, Nigeria, South Africa and Sierra Leone, and this site is a good place to start for online research of African history materials.
This simple site, compiled by two academics at Georgetown University, provides a bibliography of books and articles relating to Subaltern Studies, and imperial and post-colonial history. The bibliography covers Subaltern Studies volumes and anthologies, monographs, related essays and criticism, book reviews, and a direct link to the tables of contents for volumes I-IX of the Subaltern Studies series published by Oxford University Press (1982-1996). Most of the titles listed are concerned with the social, political and cultural history of 'subaltern' groups in South Asian, and primarily colonial Indian, history. This bibliography is a great starting point for anyone interested in the field of Subaltern Studies but it does not include more recent scholarship.
T. E. Lawrence and the Book : Seven Pillars of Wisdom, 1926-1996 is an online exhibition on Lawrence hosted by the E. J. Pratt Library, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The site gives an account of the writing and complex printing history of Lawrence's book, The Seven Pillars of Wisdom, which appeared in its currently well-known edition in 1926. There were several earlier versions, some read only by a limited private audience which included Bernard Shaw; E. M. Forster; Thomas Hardy; Rudyard Kipling; and Siegfried Sassoon. The site provides thumbnail images of drawings and satirical cartoons of important historical figures who were noted in the book. The site also refers users to relevant outside links which will be useful for historians. In terms of historical content, the site itself is simple, and should be of most interest as a starting point for teachers and students of British Imperial History in the Middle East.
T. E. Lawrence Studies is a website that aims to be the key biographical portal for academic and scholarly studies of T. E. Lawrence, the English author, hero and adventurer, and his role in historical events. The website is rich in content, and has biographical and reference material including maps, photographs, bibliographies and chronologies. There are also essays on such topics as collecting Lawrence items, and a scene-by-scene analysis of the David Lean film 'Lawrence of Arabia'. The website also aims to host the peer-reviewed online research journal, 'T.E. Lawrence Studies', which it is hoped will begin publication in 2007. Some of the journal contributions are already, at October 2007, available via the website in full-text form. The website also has details of the T. E. Lawrence discussion list, and links to its archives. In addition to all the other content, also available on a companion website is "a substantial proportion of Lawrence's published writing". This website and the companion websites are run by Jeremy Wilson, the authorised biographer of T. E. Lawrence.
'The medical history of British India' is a website giving access to a number of reports and maps held by the National Library of Scotland detailing the advancements in public health made during the period of British rule of India. The fifty reports available on the site show the efforts of the colonial state to meet the demands placed upon it by endemic and epidemic diseases. The documents are presented as jpeg images and are also available as pdf downloads. The quality of these images is impressive, as is the range of documents given on the site, which include commission reports, scientific accounts of research findings, regional surveys of disease and reports on specific outbreaks. The collection is fully searchable, and has a 'highlights' section as well for the more casual visitor. A well laid out and very useful research tool.
Aimed at a general audience, the History Box is a compendium of previously published (and out of copyright) articles together with more recently written articles relating to the history the United States, and of New York City and State. Detailed coverage is given to the history of the Five Boroughs, city government, transport, communications as well as New York’s architecture and its people. Coverage of the United States as a whole is good, through reproduced articles and selected web links. There are useful sections on the history of relations with Indian tribes, slavery and the history of the colonial-era, and there are a number of new sections planned.
This website, part of the wider Contemporary Post-colonial and Post-imperial Literature in English website, provides a wealth of information on the topic of post-colonialism in general. The website is easy to use, being split into several thematic 'chapters' including, for example, exoticism and orientalism; the other, Otherness and Alterity; centre and margin; nation(s) and nationalism; and globalisation. Each of these 'chapters' lead to a number of articles covering both general introductions to the concept (e.g. 'nationalism: an overview) to more in-depth and detailed discussion. While this website is mainly aimed at those interested in English Literature, the nature of the material makes the information of great value to those interested in colonialism, imperialism, cultural history, social history, and political history, as well as the ideas of nation and nationalism, the global and the local, and Otherness.
The Thomas H. Raddall Archive is an archival inventory and online exhibition hosted by Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. The site showcases Dalhousie's holdings of the private papers of Thomas Head Raddall (1903-1994), "one of Nova Scotia's foremost authors and historians." The site offers a brief biography of Raddall, who was born in England but emigrated to Canada as a child. The scope and content of the collections are outlined, and a proper archival inventory is also posted. Users can search over 55 of Raddall's letters and view their full-texts online. There is another finding aid available for the whole collection. A good bibliography of Raddall's novels, short stories, and academic works is provided. This information is complemented by a small photo gallery accompanied by quotations from Raddall. Among these is his early perception of one aspect of the connundrum of the Canadian mindset in the twentieth century: "...the Canadian author must write for the English-speaking public in the United States and Britain if he is to make a living." Some materials, such as Raddall's personal diaries, are closed to researchers at the author's request until 2019. The site should be an excellent resource for academics in the fields of Maritime Canadian and Canadian Literary History.
The 'Thomas Jefferson papers' website provides online access to material held by the Manuscripts Department at the Library of Congress. The complete collection of Thomas Jefferson papers at the Library of Congress consists of approximately 27,000 documents. This material was microfilmed in 1974 and the majority of this has been made available by digitally scanning the microfilm to create images of the documents. The quality of the images is variable, although fully searchable transcriptions have been made available where possible. The types of document in the collection include correspondence, commonplace books, financial account books and manuscript volumes. The majority of this material is dated from between 1775 and 1826. The website provides further details about the collection and the way the digital images have been created. The collection can be searched or browsed. Other features of the website include timelines, a bibliography, and links to related collections and resources. The Thomas Jefferson papers at the Library of Congress site forms part of the American Memory Historical Collections from the Library of Congress.
'Tiempos Modernos' is a peer reviewed electronic journal devoted to 16th, 17th and 18th century History, with particular emphasis on the history of Spain and Spanish America. The journal includes in its scope History of Art, Literature and Science, as well as political and socio-economic history. The journal aims to publish up to four issues a year, although the issues themselves may only contain three or four articles and thesis abstracts. Articles have focused on such themes as: the Irish presence in the Spanish army between 1580 and 1818; so-called 'hispanic rationalism' and its rejection of the practice of witchcraft in 17th century Europe; Inquisitional censorship and the reading of scientific books; and the struggle between university students in the Spanish Modern Age. Articles are available as either PDF or HTML, and may be written in Spanish, English, Italian or French (the majority are in Spanish). The site allows users to conduct searches across the articles, and links to the online discussion forum, 'Mundos Modernos'. The journal scope and submission details are outlined in full.
This online exhibition, part of the Imperial War Museum site, focuses on the role of men and women from the British Empire and Commonwealth during World War II who were: involved in campaigns across Southern and Western Europe, the Mediterranean, North and East Africa, South East Asia, the Pacific, the Middle East, in the air and all the major oceans of the world, as well as working tirelessly on the home front. The exhibition is divided into the following categories: Working for Victory, War in the Air, War at Sea, War at Land, and Women at War. Notes for teachers are also included.
This online exhibition published on the British Library website features highlights of the British Library exhibition Trading Places: the East India Company & Asia, 1600-1834, about the English East India Company and its impact on British and Asian history. The exhibition covers the history of the English East India Company, from its foundation in 1600 to its decline in the early 19th century. Using images featured in the exhibition, including drawings, paintings and maps, a brief account of the Company's activities are given. Amongst the subjects covered are China, India, Bantam, and the effect that western and eastern companies have had on one another. Alongside the exhibition there is also a selection of historical facts, and a bibliography for further reading.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade : a Revised and Enlarged Database, 1500-1867" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The resource outlines a multi-source database on the trans-Atlantic slave trade. The database itself is accessible from this page, but requires authentication (available through educational institutions). The enlarged database draws from a previously-existing detailed record of trans-Atlantic slaving voyages, but adds further information on the early history of slave trading and the hitherto neglected area of Brazilian trafficking and involvement. The enlarged database covers the period of 1500-1867 and draws from a wide range of archival sources across many countries. The website outlines the content of the database, and provides information on the coverage and methodology, as well as giving details on the project's investigators and associates. The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: A Revised and Enlarged Database is a project that was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
This website offers a description of the AHRC-funded research project ‘Trauma and Personhood in Late Colonial Kenya’. Based at the University of Oxford’s African Studies Centre, this project makes use of the archives of Dr. Edward Margetts (1920–2004), psychiatrist in charge of Mathari Mental Hospital, Kenya. Documents in the collection include clinical findings, research and observations, and the backgrounds and stories of Margetts’ patients. Of particular interest are the meticulously annotated photographic portraits, including images of symptoms, expressions and spasms. The archive is “a uniquely detailed record of psychiatric endeavour in the colonial context” providing a unique insight into “colonial psychiatry” at the end of empire. As well as an overview of the project and collection, the website includes a biography of Dr Edward Margetts, a bibliography and a list of the projects activities.
The Travelers in the Middle East Archive (TIMEA) is a digital archive that provides electronic texts, images, and maps (both historical and interactive) related to Western interaction with the Middle East, particularly travels to Egypt during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The site gives access to over 70 full-text electronic versions of travel guides, museum catalogues and travel narratives, including works like Edward Lane's Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians (1836); Pierre Loti's Egypt (1909); Lucie Duff Gordon's Letters from Egypt (1865); and a number of 19th century travel guides to Egypt. It also provides over 1,700 historical photographs and hand-drawn images from the region. Although the focus is on Egypt, the site also includes sources and maps related to Cyprus and the Levant.
The electronic texts and images can be accessed through a browse function and through subject headings. The site also includes historical and interactive GIS (Geographic Information Systems) maps as well as a number of educational modules that set the materials in context and explore how to conduct historical research. The primary sources available will be of interest to students and researchers at all levels interested in travel writing, tourism, and modern Middle Eastern history, while the interactive educational modules can be used for both classroom and individual study of the resources.
This website briefly describes an AHRC-funded project investigating the role of the BBC World Service as “contact zone” for diaspora communities around the worlds. The project aims to build on the hitherto under-researched knowledge of the role of the BBC World Service as a “lifeline” service: its role in shaping diasporic identity; the way it negotiates the competing pressures of journalism, objectivity and diplomatic interests and the way in which translation affects these.
The Ulster Covenant website provides access to a digitised version of the document signed in 1912 protesting against the Irish Home Rule bill. Organised by the Ulster Unionists under Sir Edward Carson, the Ulster Covenant and the parallel Declaration were signed by just under half a million people, providing a useful genealogical resource as well as an important historical document. The Covenant and parallel Declaration are searchable by name, address, parliamentary division, district, place of signing, and agent in charge, enabling very specific returns. Results convey all this information and link to digitised images of the relevant signatures on the original forms. Further resources on the site are: background to the Covenant; the Covenant trail; preparations; Ulster Day; and aftermath. Search hints and tipps as well as information about viewing and printing pages are offered.
The website Under a Tropical Sun is published by Macquarie University Library, and provides a range of resources detailing Lachlan Macquarie's, and the 73rd Regiment of Foot's, experiences in Sri Lanka at the beginning of the nineteenth century. A number of primary sources have been transcribed for the website in the Documents section, including Macquarie's diary and a selection of letters written in 1796, and letters, reports and newspaper articles concerning the 73rd Regiment's tour of duty in Sri Lanka from 1814-1821. In addition to this primary material, the Research section of the site offers biographies of some of the individuals, a bibliography, a glossary, an explanation of military terms, a list of place names, maps of Sri Lanka, including ones of Kandy, Trincomalee and Uva Province, and a gallery of modern day images of Sri Lanka. The site is not the most sophisticated in terms of design, but provides interesting resources on the British presence in Asia and Australia in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
This website documents the special collections held at the University of Southampton. The collection is important as the custodians of the Wellington, Mountbatton and Palmerston papers. Additionally the library holds the Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel and the Survey of Jewish Archives. Other collections of printed material include: local studies material relating to Hampshire and the Isle of Wight; Parkes Library on Jewish/Non-Jewish relations; the Moir Collection of Spanish drama; Oates Collection on slavery and Africa; Perkins Agricultural Library; Rosicrucian Collection. There are also archives and collections relating to the University’s own history. Items are accessioned into the library’s online catalogue, which is searchable from the website and some collections form the basis of other significant online databases.
This website, which forms part of the wider Victorian Web Web pages, provides a massive amount of information on British India in the Victorian era. The website is easy to navigate, being split into several thematic areas (for example, political history, social history, religion, individuals, painting, gender matters and so on). Within each of these broad categories there are links to the various aspects that fall under it. Clicking these links to information on the chosen topic, often-times along with pictures to highly points. Some of these sub-section links will, instead of linking to an essay regarding the topic, link to other sections on the Victorian Web. For example, John Stuart Mill (under the Individuals section) links to the section of the website which deals with Mill, providing information on his works, life and so on. This is an exceptionally well-crafted and useful resource, and it provides a wealth of information.
This site focuses on the history of VOC ships wrecked during the years 1597 to 1800. VOC (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie) was the Dutch East India Company, and the website includes information on approximately 600 shipwrecks. Information is arranged as Outward and Homeward Bound Voyages, and includes ship names and a brief history of each wreck. Some links exist to detailed histories of voyages, crew, and bibliographies. The site also comprises links to sites of further interest, and a list of sources. Some parts of the site are only available in Dutch.
Part of the BBC History website, the 'War at Sea: 1914-1918' site focuses on British and German naval power during World War One. Well laid out and attractively illustrated with photos and diagrams, this is a useful study of the naval strength of Britain and Germany and the main sea battles. The first section compares Britain's initial advantage in naval power over Germany in 1914 and discusses the restraint shown on both sides. Further sections cover: the battles of Heligoland Bight, Coronel and the Falklands; the battle of Jutlan;, the U-boat threat; and the Zeebrugge raid. The leadership styles of the two commanders of the British Grand Fleet are compared and there is a final section describing how sea power played an important role in Britain's victory.
'War, Literature and the Arts' is a full-text ejournal, published from the Department of English and Fine Arts at the United States Air Force Academy. At April 2009 there are 11 issues freely available online, with additional tables-of-contents for issues from 1989-1999. The journal offers scholary articles, poetry, fiction, personal accounts and memoirs, interviews, and reviews. Example article titles on British topics include: 'Henry V: Shakespeare's Just Warrior'; 'Ghost Imagery in the War Poems of Siegfried Sassoon'; 'Victory from Defeat: The War Office and the making of Dunkirk (Ealing Films, 1958)'; ''We Will Remember Them': The Poetic Rewritings of Lutyens' Cenotaph'; and 'Siegfried Sassoon, Fellow-traveler: Poetry, Socialism, and the British Veterans’ Movement'. The website can be searched by keyword. The journal is also available in paper form, and the website has details of back-issues and subscriptions. There are also details of the aims, editors, Editorial Board, and submissions process.
The website of the "Washington Report on Middle Eastern Affairs" provides online access to one of the most widely-circulated full-text journals on the Middle East. Established and edited by former diplomatic staff and acadmics, this journal aims to present information on the Middle Eastern conflict as well as conditions in Israel and Palestine to the wider public using a series of reports and journalistic articles. This is an excellent resource that explores the conflict in depth. However, there is no doubt as to which side the Report takes and this needs to be kept in mind when using the site. As educational material for students this needs to be used by a teachers with a balanced view and presented alongside other resources. It is of great use to researchers, interested parties and those with an interest in the region.
The Ministry of Defence launched the We Were There Exhibition in November 2000, and the We Were There companion website uses images, biographies and other information to detail the history and experiences of ethnic minorities from the British Empire and Commonwealth in the British Armed Forces over the past two hundred years. Men and women from all over the British Empire and Commonwealth are included, and while the focus is primarily on the First World War and the Second World War, conflicts from the nineteenth century up until the late twentieth century are also covered. The exhibition does not just cover those who saw active service, but also those who worked in essential support services, such as: medicine; transport; logistics and labour; and the funds and supplies that have been provided by individual countries in support of war efforts. There is also a section on the military decorations and medals awarded to personnel from the Empire and Commonwealth. This exhibition is a useful starting point for anyone wanting to find out more about the minorities who have served in the British Armed Forces, and provides a great deal of interesting information.
This Web page is the history section of the WGBH Forum Network, which was named after the American civilian broadcasting call-signs and the 'Great Blue Hill' on which the original transmission mast was built. The WGBH Forum Network provides access to recorded lectures by scholars, authors, artists, scientists and policy makers. Specifically, WGBH is a Bostonian broadcasting company and the history Web page, which is supported by the Lowell Institute, aims to provide free public lectures to the citizens of Boston. The lectures are available for download in various formats (such as audio only, low-quality video, high-quality video, and MP3) and require RealPlayer. The lectures cover a very wide range of material, from debate on the impact of the Vietnam War on U.S. foreign policy by Henry Kissinger, to analysis of the influence of Paris on American culture and Americans, to discussion of the Seven Years' War by historian Eliga Gould. The links on the left of the page lead to other broad subject areas outside history (such as society and culture, literature, dance or art and architecture) and there is the option to search for lectures by keyword.
The World Upside Down: Australia 1788-1830 is the official website of an exhibition at the National Library of Australia, which uses documents, maps and paintings to illustrate the early history of the British colony. This attractive site in the form of a timeline records the attempt to create British society in this 'world upside down' and will be of interest to students, researchers and to the casual visitor. The wide range of sources illustrate the development of the territory by the new arrivals, their attempts to record the native Australian flora and fauna and the effect of the colonisation on the indigenous population. The Library hopes that the website will offer insights into the modern Australian sense of identity. Two versions of the site are available, one standard and the other using shockwave.
This Web page's exhibition 'examines history through 17th-century bone biographies, including those of colonists teetering on the edge of survival at Jamestown, Virginia, and those living in the wealthy and well-established settlement of St. Mary's City, Maryland'. There is a lot of information available on the process of discovery of the bones, along with the importance of the information gathered from the evidence, and what we can tell of the lives of the early American colonists from the remains. There is information on the details that human remains can tell the researcher about life, death and burial and some general information about early American colonial settlements. There are a great number of images of human remains - including skulls and full skeletons.
Zeitschrift für Ostmitteleuropa-Forschung (Journal for Research on East Central Europe) is a journal published by the Herder Institute in Marburg. From 1952 to 1994 it was originally entitled 'Zeitschrift für Ostforschung' (Journal for Research on the East). The journal has a long-standing focus on political, constitutional, legal and national history of Central Europe in the modern period, with references to social history only in relation to these predominant topics. The site has an excellent database, allowing the user to search for articles according to author, general subject and key words, although the interface is only available in German; tables of contents are provided running back to 1952. Full versions of text, however, are available exclusively for the book reviews, some of which are also published online in the "Sehepunkte" online journal. The site also provides information on the editorial board, submissions and subscriptions.
This website describes the special collection of archives, manuscripts and rare books held at the University of Exeter Library. Whilst the collection exists to underpin the scholarly activities of the university, it is particularly strong in Arab and Islamic studies, visual culture, English literature (particularly that connected to South West England), Victorian and Imperial studies, and collections of religious and church parish material. These are described on the website, together with the current state of their documentation, and access arrangements. The website also includes information about exhibitions in the Special Collections Reading Room at the university, as well as links to related fine art and film resources also held here.