This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the '1881 Census for England and Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man (Enhanced Version)' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a Microsoft Access 97 or Access 2000 or tab delimited text. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This computerised transcription of the census enumerators' books for the 1881 Census for England, Scotland and Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man is a by-product of a project to create a microfiche index of the population of Great Britain for genealogists. Covering the entire enumerated population of England, Scotland and Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man in 1881, it is the largest collection of historical source material to be made available in computerised form. The data consists of the name, address, relationship to the head of household, marital status, age, occupation and birthplace of some 26 million individuals, together with information about disabilities. In 1999 the Genealogical Society of Utah published a version of this computerised transcription as a CD-ROM product suitable for genealogical research (Genealogical Society of Utah (1999) 1881 British census and national index. [25 CDs]. Salt Lake City, Utah: GSU). This study is an enriched version of these data. This study (SN:4177) comprises the returns for England, Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the '1881 Census for Scotland' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a Microsoft Access 97 or Access 2000 (number of files dependent on order, total of 1.3 GB) or tab delimited text. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This computerised transcription of the census enumerators' books for the 1881 Census for England, Scotland and Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man is a by-product of a project to create a microfiche index of the population of Great Britain for genealogists. Covering the entire enumerated population of England, Scotland and Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man in 1881, it is the largest collection of historical source material to be made available in computerised form. The data consists of the name, address, relationship to the head of household, marital status, age, occupation and birthplace of some 26 million individuals, together with information about disabilities. In 1999 the Genealogical Society of Utah published a version of this computerised transcription as a CD-ROM product suitable for genealogical research (Genealogical Society of Utah (1999) 1881 British census and national index. [25 CDs]. Salt Lake City, Utah: GSU). This study is an enriched version of these data. This study (SN:4178) comprises the returns for Scotland; those for England, Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are available separately.
"Ancestry" has been licensed to provide access to the census records of England and Wales from 1841-1891. Once, it was planned to house each census on the Public Records Office (PRO) - today the National Archives - website back to 1841 when personal information was first recorded. But after the embarrassment of the failure of the PRO website when the 1901 census online was launched in January 2002, the information has been licensed to Ancestry.com, starting with the 1891 census. Ancestry is owned by a US firm The Generations Network Inc., subscription to Ancestry.com can be made annually or per quarter. A 14-days free trial is offered. Once registered you may search the database, which will be a valuable resource for family history and local history research. So far, Ancestry only has the Oxfordshire district on the site. The microfilms have been indexed by Ancestry from microfilmed schedules of the England 1891 Census, (images are reproduced by courtesy of the PRO). The website links to other Ancestry.com resources, such as a free image viewer that can be downloaded to assist the viewing and printing of documents like the UK census collection that have traditionally been stored on microfilm or in a limited number of archives and libraries. The online images provide detail only available through original records. There is also a sample of handwriting examples to better read the text on original images. To assist with reading the census columns and recording information there is a sample Census extraction form (a PDF file). The learning centre on the site offers tutorials which facilitate access to the primary sources.
"1901: Living at the Time of the Census" is an online exhibition accompanying the release of the 1901 census for England and Wales. It is part of The National Archives's website and is divided into four sections. "Cinema" has silent footage courtesy of the British Film Institute. In "People and Places": visit the village school of East Tuddenham and Honingham (Norfolk), find out about life in Senghenydd (Glamorgan), at the time of a devastating pit explosion; learn about the immigrant communities of Spitalfields (east London); and discover more about the mills of Salford (Lancashire). "Living in 1901" presents eight themes: Making a Living; Education; On the Move; A Place to Live; Food and Drink; Health; Time Out; and Crime and Punishment). "Events of 1901" includes Britain's political and economic situation and its place in the world, and this gallery also contains a history of the census for England and Wales.It is easy to navigate in the galleries. From the main menu of each gallery you can link to the gallery's main themes, and then to individual chapters. From each page, the icon for the gallery takes you to the menu of that gallery; the 1901 icon takes you to the main menu of the exhibition. The exhibition provides an "accessible" interface with 1901 census' findings and is intended as an easily understood introduction for family and community historical research. It would also be an excellent resource for school students. Presented clearly, and with flair, the exhibition is simple to navigate yet informative. The essays, too, are well written and include images of historical documents, maps, and photographs.While the exhibition makes interesting reading, the online 1901 census website itself is more valuable to local historians and researchers.
The 1901 Census of England and Wales Online provides a searchable database of the returns of the final census of the Victorian era, the first of the Edwardian. Researchers may search the 1.5 million original 1901 census documents of England and Wales detailing 32 million people. It is a unique source for family history and local history, containing all the personal information you would expect about citizens of England and Wales, the Channel Islands and Isle of Man in 1901. It should also prove fascinating for historical and demographic research. There are a number of possible searches available to help you locate an individual or property. With Person Search you can enter first name, place keyword or age on the night of the census (31st March 1901). You will find a list of possible matches displayed, with data on their age, place of birth, county, civil parish and occupation. If you are swamped with possible results, you can include additional information in the Advanced Person Search. Once you have located a possible match, for a relatively modest fee you can view an image of the census page, which should give you other family members within the household; alternatively you can view a full transcription of the selected individual entry. Research is not limited to people. Other options are also available, such as searching by Address, Place, Institution or Vessel. It should be remembered that the census enumerators may have made errors when compiling the forms in 1901, or abbreviated some words. Users are provided with the option of contacting professional research staff to help with more complex inquiries.
The '19th century Poor Law Union and Workhouse records' website is part of the DocumentsOnline site from The National Archives. It offers free access to correspondence relating to the staff and inmates of Poor Law Unions and Workhouses from across England. Poor Law Unions, the website explains, were created after the Poor Law Amendment Act from 1834. The aim was to centralise poor relief, thus parishes became Poor Law Unions and administered workhouses. The online collection of the National Archives was not complete at the time of review. The database can be searched by word of phrase and by date. The site is easy to use and clearly laid out: digitised images of the documents can be downloaded for free in PDF format, by following the standard procedures on the DocumentsOnline site. The correspondence is between the guardians of the Union and the Poor Law Board at Somerset House in London. A brief introduction to the poor laws is provided, to set the documents in context and there are links to other areas of The National Archives website, including research guides on the poor and the Poor Laws, Poor Law records, elementary schools, education, nineteenth century public health and epidemics and lunatic asylums.
This web page describes the process for obtaining probate records in England and Wales. Since 1858, almost all wills and grants of representation have been preserved and filed at First Avenue House in London, and at regional registries, and are available to the public. Instructions for locating and accessing records are given, as are the contact details for the regional offices. Contact details are also provided for those seeking further help or information. This page will be of use to historians requiring details of wills and letters of administration, but unsure where to start.
The Aberdeen Built Ships project website provides free access to a detailed database of nearly 3000 ships built in Aberdeen since 1811 and to associated material held in the Aberdeen Maritime Museum. Funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and a Hilda Duthie Bequest, this project by Aberdeen City Council and its museums has created a very well laid out and easy to use website which will be of use to anyone researching Aberdeen history, shipbuilding or genealogy. Ships can be searched for by name, date or type of construction and by keywords. The detailed information about the ships has been taken from Lloyd's Register of Shipping, Aberdeen shipbuilder's lists and from local people and newspapers. The site also includes a history of Aberdeen shipbuilders Russell Hall and Co, Alexander Hall and Sons, John Lewis and Sons, Duthie Shipbuilders and Walter Hood. Digitized images of the ships, including photographs and plans, are available online; users can also purchase these. This is an ongoing project.
The website of the Abney Park Trust provides information about this burial ground in North-East London, founded in 1840 as a Non-Conformist burial ground when nearby Bunhill Fields became full. The site offers a history of this large Victorian cemetery, with details of selected monuments and a list of notable people buried there. There is also a virtual tour, which provides images of parts of the cemetery, and details for visitors and the educational services offered by the Trust. In addition to this there is a selection of links to other British cemetery groups, and a link to the Abney Park Cemetery Indexing Project, which is working to index all the names and graves in the graveyard and is of particular use to genealogists and urban historians. The site could benefit from more photographs to illustrate the texts.
One of a series of Research Guides available on the National Archives website, this information page describes the contents of the Admiralty Index and Digest for the years 1793 to 1974. Particular details are given on the Index and Digest for the period 1793-1913, and on how to use the two sources, using examples. There is also information on special Indexes and Digests for the First and Second World Wars, and a table of abbreviations, as well as further indexes and other means of reference. Collections can be ordered online which will greatly help researchers; however, precise archival information is not available at the file or individual piece level.
Produced by The National Archives, this interactive tutorial provides twelve step-by-step lessons in Advanced Latin vocabulary and grammar. An easy to use and free resource, it follows on from The National Archives' Beginner's Latin course and therefore assumes that the user has basic familiarity with the language. As the ability to read Latin at this level is essential for anyone wishing to use documents produced in England between 1066 and 1733, this tutorial is suitable not just for academics and students, but also for those interested in family or local history. Each lesson focuses on one or more aspect of Latin grammar, which is clearly and concisely explained. Users requiring more help can open extra windows for full explanations of terms or to access a word list or grammar table. At the end of each lesson, the user can try an interactive test and also attempt to translate some practice sentences. These sentences are taken from documents at The National Archives and provide not only attractive images for the website but also allow the user to develop confidence in translating historical manuscripts.
This website contains two databases covering the Royal Navy officers who fought in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars 1793-1815,(containing the names of more than 11,000 commissioned officers who served in the Royal Navy from 1787 onwards, up to those who entered the service before 1817) and the seamen and marines who fought at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The Roll contains the names and details of over 21,750 men who were on the musters of the ships on the British side on 21st Oct 1805. Details recorded include the ship on which they served, their rank or rating and in most cases their age and place of birth. The Navy List contains the names of more than 11,000 commissioned officers who served in the Royal Navy from 1787 onwards, up to those who entered the service before 1817. The website also contains information about a developing database, Sons and Daughters of Trafalgar; a series of articles; and contemporary accounts of the Age of Nelson.
This website is an extremely rich resource for study of the Romanovs. A well designed website, it takes the viewer through tours of the palace by way of plans, photographs, and written details of each of the rooms. There are biographies of many of Russia's rulers and those that lived in Alexander Palace such as Catherine the Great, Maria Fyodorovna Romanova, Alexander III, Nicholas I, Nicholas II and Alexandra, and their children Maria, Olga, Tatiana, Anastasia, and Aleksey. It is well know that Nicholas II and his children were avid photographers; this website contains a personal photo-album of the family. The palace archives contain letters from Nicholas II to Alexandra, his 1917 diary, designs of the palace, a record of Nicholas and Alexandra's expenses, a record of palace repairs, and interviews with family friends, as well as various pages about the murder of the royal family at Alapayevsk. An additional subsite is devoted to an online exhibition on the Kremlin Palace and its nine churches in Moscow, 1912. Teachers and students will find additional items of cultural interest here, such as the site's online gallery of Fabergé eggs, although some of these subpages appeared to have trouble loading at the time of last review. This website is highly recommended for Imperial Russian historians.
Ancestral Findings is a free web service allowing the public to search for family records online. Although the service is free, one must be aware that registration is required for most services. Also, this site seems to be part of a network of genealogical websites and suffers from pop-ups. There are searches available on birth; land; state; death; military; census; marriage and immigration records. The records are mainly based in North America although the message boards link up communities around the world. The site also features a facinating map centre with a good collection of online historical maps including maps covering: North America; South America; Britain; Europe; and other global locations. Also there are thematic maps including: emmigration/immigration; migration; ethnic/religious; military; land ownership; and urban/city. Options are available to build up a family tree; search current family trees; and browse famous family trees.
As well as the 1891 census of England and Wales, "Ancestry.co.uk" provides online access to millions of names extracted from sources such as immigration, military pensions, parish, birth, marriage and death records from throughout the region, making it among the largest online record collections for the UK. Record collections available here include: England and Wales Civil Registration Index (free database, the product of thousands of volunteers who are transcribing the indexes of the required registration of births, marriages, and deaths 1837-1901); United Kingdom and Ireland Parish and Probate Records (baptism, marriage, probate, and burial names from historical parish registers 1538-1837; Pallot Marriage and Baptism Indexes (an "exclusive" name collection identifies the Parish in which a marriage or baptism was celebrated, the names of the participants and the date of the event. An image of the original record is also available to view online); Irish Immigrants - New York Port Arrivals Index (index of the immigration of the Irish during the Potato Famine of 1846-51 through passenger lists and other immigration documents).Approximately half of the records are offered free to all site visitors. Unlimited access to the complete collection is available to subscribers. Once registered you may search the database - but expect hundreds of hits, that may fall under different categories, including births and deaths between certain periods, some specialist parish records and the 1891 census. Few are comprehensive, least of all the census. In partnership with The National Archives Ancestry makes available the first phase of the War Office (WO) service and pension records collections for approximately 2.5 million British soldiers who served from 1914 through to 1920. This early stage relates to soldiers whose surname begins with early letters of the alphabet - A to B for example. Many of the search returns will also include American names that can also be accessed by the Ancestry site, which are far more numerous than the few names on the UK site. This helps to show that online searches cannot replace trawling through the vast number of resources still in libraries and archives, and church records, (especially births, marriages and deaths). Online, there is also more opportunity for errors in the transcription from the documents themselves, which just adds to fruitless searches of a website, and advanced techniques of searching (for example using wildcards) need to be employed by researchers of family and local history.
This is the site of the institution which administers the archive and library of the Burzenland chapters and of communities in the Braşov region in Romania, together with a significant part of the library of the Honterus evangelical gymnasium in Braşov. The language of the site is German, and the advertised Romanian and English versions of the site are not available. The holdings of the archives are as old as the fourteenth century; papers of some of the major cultural and political figures of Transylvanian history are also held here. The European Union and the British Library have supported the archives financially in 2005 and 2006. The website offers information on: research projects, the series of public lectures and the networks of international cooperation in which the archives take part. The library and archive holdings can be searched online through the OPAC interface, where the choice of a simple or combined search is offered.
Archives in Focus, from the Historical Manuscripts Commission (HMC), provides an introduction to archives, record offices and the HMC. The purpose is to offer advice and information about archival resources that can be used in the National Curriculum by schools and by lifelong learners researching genealogy, house and local history.There are online educational resources provided by repositories for teachers to use. A gateway to a online resources that relate to archives and education in general is provided, with a brief summary of each site. The "Your History" section: looks at primary sources that can be used in research (family, local and house history); how resources at HMC can be used (such as the National Register of Archives, Manorial Documents Register, and ARCHON); provides links to and descriptions of useful websites; and has bibliographies of published sources.A noticeboard publicises local and national events at which people can learn more about archives, (including record office exhibitions and open days), and local and family history courses and conferences.
The web site "Archiwum archidiecezjalne w Poznaniu (Archdiocesan archive in Poznań)" introduces the history, archival holdings and accesibility of this institution. The site is is in Polish with an abbreviated English version and with a non-existent German and French mirrors, which are nonetheless advertised on the main page. One finds the usual information about opening hours, accessibility, and location of the archives. The earliest documentation dates from 1231 and the collection is extremely rich in early modern resources. The site features a history of the archive and a brief bibliography. Extremely useful for researchers is the online catalogue of resources - the typed pages have been scanned and reproduced on the site. There is also an online listing of the birth, death and marriage registers of the diocese, grouped separately for the Roman-Catholic and Lutheran records. The site briefly presents the library of the Theological Faculty with its department of manuscripts and old prints. The subsites related to these were under construction at the time of the review. The site is an excellent resource for those carrying out research on Poznań and its environs.
The Web Site "Archiwum Państwowe w Olsztynie (State archive in Olsztyń)" provides the usual information about the location, collections, accessibility, and organisation of the regional branch of the Polish State Archives. The site features a brief history of the archive, which was formally founded in 1948. Unfortunately there is not much information on this site on the holdings, but there is a link to the databases IZA and SEZAM on the national archives' (AGAD) site. The holdings include administrative, regional, local, ecclesiastical, municipal, and fiscal records. Specialists from the Olsztyń archives have completed the project of digitisating the ledgers and inventory books of the former Prussia Museum in Kaliningrad (Königsberg).The site is of interest to those who are studying German or Polish history.
The site "Archiwum Państwowe w Piotrkowie Trybunalskim (State archive in Piotrków Trybunalski)" introduces the activitity of this regional branch of the Polish State Archives. The language of the site is Polish. The archive has its roots in the fourteenth century, and has an extensive collection of administrative records of the early modern period, since it was the seat of the Crown Tribunal (Trybunał Koronny). The archive also has a department in Tomaszów Mazowiecki. The archives have changed hands many times, as most Polish archival collections, and also suffered loss and damage throughout their history. The collections include: administrative; military; police; ecclesiastical; and muncipal records. The holdings of this archive can be searched via SEZAM, the central database of archival holdings. The funds of the archives are particularly strong in nineteenth and twentieth cenury records. The site features several online exhibitions such as celebrations of the centennial press of Tomaszow; the 25th anniversary of the Solidarność; or the anniversay of 350 years of the university in Vilnius founded by Stephen Báthory. The subsite dedicated to the events and publications is rich and up to date.
The Web Site of the Archiwum Państwowe w Siedlcach (State archive in Siedlce) is in Polish with good English and French versions. It features information on the opening hours, collections, and location of the archive. The chronological range of the holdings spans 1651-1997. There is an online description of the collections, which consist of: administrative; judicial; police; fiscal; property; and institutional records. The strength of the collection really lies in the nineteenth century range. The birth, death, and marriage records are also useful for the genealogist or historian. Charters of the city are preserved, as well as records pertaining to eminent Polish families such as the Kuczyńskis, Czartoryskis, and Wierzejskis. Publications of the archives are well presented and the possibility of online purchase is offered to the interested. A good but basic site of use to those carrying out research on Siedlce and its environs.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Suwałkach (The state archive of Suwałki)" provides information in Polish on this branch of the Polish State Archives. The archives have a long tradition in this area, but were formally founded in 1921. During the twentieth century, its records were taken by the Russians and the Germans and at the end of the Second World War were to be found scattered in Belarus, Moscow, Lithuania, and St Petersburg. The archives also have a department in Ełk and contact details are also provided for this archive. The holdings date from the seventeenth century, which mainly consist of Radziwiłł and ecclesiastical privileges. The nineteenth century is far better represented. A selection of important documents (registers, privileges) is offered digitised on the site. The holdings of thie archives can be consulted on the national databases SEZAM, IZA and PRADZIAD. A good archive for those interested in the history of Poland's new eastern borderlands (Kresy) and their varied populations.
The Web Site of the "Archiwum państwowe w Bydgoszczy (State archive in Bydgoszcz)" is in Polish, with brief versions in English and German. The site provides the usual information about the archive's opening hours, location, and collections. The archive also has a branch in Inowrocław. The site features a listing of the main holdings which include: state and local government; judicial institutions; the military and the police; religious organisations; municipal and village records; and maps and plans. The municipal records date from the fourteenth century. The collections of the archives can be searched through the main database hosted on the web site of the central State Archives in Poland. This site provides a good resource for the researcher who is working on German (Bromberg) or Polish history.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Gdańsku (State archive in Gdańsk)" is in Polish with a less detailed but useful English version, and provides details of the opening hours, location, accessibility, and holdings of the archive. The collections of the archive reflect the history of Gdańsk, which was formerly the German city of Danzig and the Free City of Gdańsk. The site features the history, structure and preservation of the archive. Of use to the researchers is the information on the access to holdings. The records are divided into the following categories: state and local administration records between 18th and 20th century; records of the cities of Gdańsk and Elbląg, records of smaller Pomeranian towns; church, monastic, and public register records; judicial records; guild and merchants' records; and records of scientific, educational, and cultural institutions. The archive also has a good collection of maps and private papers. The catalogues of the holdings can be searched via SEZAM, the database run by the State Archives of Poland with several town archives and significant cultural institutions of the country. The archive is part of the Baltic Connections project. An excellent site for those researchign Polish, German, or Pomeranian history.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Kielcach (State archive in Kielce)" provides information on the branch of the state archives in Kielce. There are details of the opening hours, accessibility of the archive, and the holdings. The site details the territorial range of the archive, the most interesting holdings, a history of the archive, and a list of links to websites of a similar nature. The earliest documentation dates from the fifteenth century, but the collections mainly date from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. They include documentation on the guilds, local councils, judicial records, and educational institutions. There is an online exhibition of the most precious treasures of the archive, from the early modern period, partitions, the inter-war period, the Second World War and the second half of the twentieth century.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Krakowie (State archive in Cracow)" is in Polish and English and provides information on the archive's opening hours, locations, and collections. The archive is divided into separate sections, located in various departments and the earliest documentation comes from the thirteenth century.The archive holds much of the early state documentation for Poland, from the period when Cracow was the Polish capital. There are details of the archive's conservation, educational, publishing, and training activities. Of use to researchers are the forms which can be downloaded for requests to the archives for reproduction and borrowing services. The online exhibitions on the archive's holdings, stamps, iconography, cartography and temporary exhibitions enrich this site. The holdings of all branches of the Krakow state archive can be search throught the SEZAM database, however the keywords and strings are available only in Polish.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Lesznie (State Archive in Leszno)" is a branch of the Polish State Archives. It was established in 1951 and contains administrative, political, financial, judicial, and educational records. There is a very useful list of the records held. The archive is digitalising the catalogues of holdings which can be found on the IZA database. The site features a history of the archive, a description of its holdings, its publications, and access details. An excellent photogallery features images of valuable documentation held by the archive. The site is of interest primarily to those who are carrying out research in or on Poland.
The Web Site "Archiwum Państwowe w Lublinie (State archive in Lublin)" is in Polish with a very substantial English version. The site provides the usual information about the archive and its reproduction services, opening hours, and location. There is access to the SEZAM, PRADZIAD, IZA, ELA and GENEBA databases. The territorial range covered by the archive covers the lands between the Bug, San, and the Vistula. The archive has a wonderful collection of early modern records, as well as the founding charter of Lublin from 1317. The collections include: guild; judicial; financial; administrative; municipal; Jewish; and ecclesiastical records. The site is of interest to those researching the area of Lublin or those carrying out geneaological research.
The Web Site of the "Archiwum państwowe w Płocku (State archive of Płock)" is in Polish, with good English and Russian versions. The archive also has departments in Kutno and Łeczyca. The archive is one of the oldest in Poland, established as the Płock Castle Archive, and its interesting history is told in the site. The holdings focus mainly on the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries and are particularly strong for the period of the PRL or the Polish People's Republic. The usual information on opening hours, location and accesibility are provided, as well as an online enquiry form. This is a site of interest to those carrying out research on Płock, Mazovia or Poland in general.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Przemyślu (State archive in Przemyśl)" provides information about this branch of the Polish State Archive. The site has good versions in English, German and Ukrainian. There are the usual details on accessibility, collections, opening hours and reprographic services. The collection contains holdings dating from 1291. One of the most interesting and extensive collections is that of documentation from the Greek-Catholic Bishopric between the end of the thirteenth century and 1946. There are also rich collections on eminent aristocratic Polish families such as the Czartoryskis, Lubomirskis, Potockis, and Tarnowskis. There are also records of the Jewish community. Comprehensive listings are available online of the ecclesiastical, municipal, judicial, and legal records throught the SEZAM, ELA and PRADZIAD centralised databases. The site also features the tables of contents of the "Historical-Archival Yearly". This is an informative site for those carrying out research on Przemyśl and its environs.
The Web Site "Archiwum Państwowe w Radomiu (State Archive in Radom)" is in Polish and English. The archive has been functioning since the early modern period, and found itself in the hands of the Austrians during the partitions. This is elaborated on in the brief history of the archive featured on the site. The archives are stronger in nineteenth and twentieth century holdings, but do have some municipal records from the early modern period. Of interest to genealogists and historians, are the registry records of Roman Catholic, Jewish, Orthodox, and Protestant communities. For those interested in the post-war history of Poland, the Radom archives are extremely rich in holdings on the PZPR. The link to SEZAM is useful for searching the records, as well as the publications list. The Polish variant of the site has a guest book.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Rzeszowie (The State Archive in Rzeszów)" is in Polish It provides the usual information on opening hours, holdings, accessibility, and the location of the archives. It has a particularly strong collection of records on the Jewish community, which is assigned to a dedicated department (The Jewish History Research Centre) within the archive. The Rzeszów holdings date from 1406 and consist of administrative, fiscal, agricultural, judicial, industrial, political, union, and military records. It has a good collection of family records of the Lubomirskis, Jaworskis, Potockis, and Mycielskis. A good site of use to those carrying out genealogical or historical research in this area of Poland.
The Web Site "Archiwum Państwowe w Zamościu (State archive in Zamość)" provides information on this department of the Polish State Archives. The site is in Polish, with a brief English description of the history of the archive and main collections. The Russian version was empty at the time of the review. The holdings and collections of the archive focus mainly on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with older records held at the Lublin State Archives. Information on the opening hours, accessibility, and location of the archive is to be found on the site, as well as a history of the archives, its organisation, and its publications. The collections contain mainly judicial, administrative, regional, fiscal, and industrial records. The site is of use to those carrying out research into this area of eastern Poland.
The Web Site "Arhiv republike Slovenije (The archives of the republic of Slovenia)" provides information on the Slovene national archives, based in Ljubljana. The site is in Slovene, and English. The usual information about opening hours, accessibility, location, and collections are to be found on the site, as well as a brief history of the archive. Some of the holdings date from the ninth century, and consist of municipal, manorial, personal, ecclesiastical and judicial records. Collections can be searched on the online database. There is also a link to the section containing film archives. A travelling exhibition on "Slovene Towns Through History" is also posted on the site in PDF files. This is an excellent site for those carrying out research on Slovenia.
The Army Children Archive (TACA) collects, records, preserves and shares details of the unique aspects of growing up as the child of a soldier serving in the British Army, whether in the seventeenth, eighteenth, nineteenth, twentieth or twenty-first century. This website provides information on the various aspects of the lives of children in the British Army and is both very detailed and very interesting. The site can be easily navigated using the links on the left of the page, which are arranged thematically (for example, there are sections on accommodation, schooling, famous army children and so on) and each section provides a wealth of information on the topic. There is, moreover, under the 'Links and Literature' an extensive list of online resources relating to the British Army in general and, perhaps more significantly, a bibliography of relevant books and monographs.
The website "Auckland Area Passangers Arrivals, 1838-1889, 1909-1921" is an online database published by Auckland City Libraries. The database contains details of passengers arriving in Auckland during the 19th and early 20thcentury, taken from contemporary newspaper reports. Included are the names and details of those who arrived in Auckland, as well as information from newspaper reports for Kororareka, Russell and New Zealand Company settlements from 1838 to 1845. For the period 1909-1921, the information was supplied by the Archives New Zealand. The database can be searched by vessel, surname, first name, and year of arrival. It doesn't feature much information about passengers travelling from Australia or about those in steerage.
The Web Site "Auschwitz Jewish Center Foundation" serves to provide information about an American-Polish foundation that seeks to make available information about the Polish town of Oswiecim - Auschwitz and aspects of its Jewish history. The site is in German, Polish and English with flyers in French and Hebrew. It is of interest to all those studying Jewish, Polish and German history. More infamously known as the location of the death camps Auschwitz and Birkenau, the town is home to the Auschwitz Jewish Center run by the foundation. The site has a timeline of Jewish life in Oswiecim and there are excellent images of exhibits held at the center. The center has a video testimony room, a family history room and library (it also has an experienced genealogical researcher at its disposal), and runs various educational programmes as well as dialogue meetings and community events. The foundation has offices in the USA and Poland and offers scholarships for students and researchers. Contact information for both offices is provided.
"Badsey" is an independent website celebrating the village of Badsey in the Vale of Evesham, Worcestershire - as it is today as well as its history. The community section "Badsey Present" has everything you would expect, but it is "Badsey Past" that is of special note for family history.Censuses from 1841 to 1901 and parish register information appear here - all of which is cross indexed. With permission of the author, the text of the book "A Brief History of Badsey and Aldington" is also reproduced. There are numerous other articles ranging from archaeology to local history of the locality. Website design and navigation is plain and simple and the historical information and the contributions from the community make this stand-out from other village websites, particularly the absence of intrusive advertising. As GENUKI, the family history service online specialists, say this is a "Gem" and "almost certainly the best village website I have come across for family history researchers", "Fantastic."
The website "17th Battalion The Welsh Regiment" presents a transcription of the official "War Diary" of The 17th Battalion The Welsh Regiment, during the First World War. This document records the Battalion's service from June 1916 until February 1918 when they were disbanded and many men transferred to the 18th Battallion. The whole of the diary has been transcribed and can be seen on the website, by permission of the Public Records Office (PRO), as well as a list of original PRO documents and books, together with links to other relevant websites. Other information provided for the researcher into military history or even those searching for family history links to this regiment include: extracts from the army lists, and disability considerations, and from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission casualties database; photographs and images from official sources such as regimental museums, as well as from the families of veterans, and other researchers. These sources are all cited, and acknowledgements and dedications show that this site is an integral part of the research community it is serving. There is a text-only version to allow wider accessibility to the information. The site has been updated last in 2003.
The Battle of Britain History website documents the Royal Air Force (RAF) battle fought over Britain between 10th July and 31st October 1940 against the German Luftwaffe during the Second World War. Here, the RAF have published in full the complete Fighter Command Operational Diaries for the period, day by day, over the whole period of the air-battle. Supporting this official text are a series of pages detailing such facets of the battle as the commanders, units, and stations, the aircraft and the changes in tactics on both sides as the situation developed. As well as the diary of daily events and a calendar of reports, there is video footage of aircraft employed by the RAF, Luftwaffe, and the Reggia Aeronautica. Daily audio broadcasts, taken from the official Fighter Command Daily Summaries, give the news highlights of each day's action in the Battle of Britain, and are available free of charge and streamed direct to your PC. You can find out more information on "Radio 1940", download the software and hear the Battle of Britain news as it was.
BBC's Family History website is part of the BBC's project to develop people's interest in history. The Family History renewed beta page is aimed primarily at those who would like to start researching their family history. Comprehensive advice provides tips on how to get started with genealogical research in "The Basics": creating the family tree; using record sheets; advice about genealogical sites on the web; guide to the archives. An essay explains what family names can reveal. A research timeline uses "Bloodlines" as a tool to explore the past and significant events in history that might have influenced one's family history. Information can be saved in a personal 'My Folder' which can be accessed at any time on the site. Several case studies describe different paths taken to discover ancestors, including a story about a Caribbean family. Links to other family history sites and record offices and indices of births and marriages are offered. The other main section on the site is "The Next Steps" where more research tools are offered and essays about various paths to be taken in tracking down family members such as: specialist websites; directories and periodicals; church courts; poll books; or criminal records. 'Your Photos' is an impressive gallery of old photographs created by the readers. The site hosts a very active message board. A text only version of the site is available.
The website "This Sceptred Isle" complements the BBC Radio 4 programme of the same name that bills itself as "the easiest way to learn the history of Britain". This excellent and user-friendly website treats British History from the Roman invasion to the present day. It features snippets that lead on to more comprehensive articles, a quiz, a search facility, and links to other BBC Websites of interest to those with a penchant for History. The site is of most use to equip to the user with a basic knowledge of British History, and there are useful time lines. There are also links to other useful sites, and helpful, random pieces of information at the side of the main text. The material is generally presented in chronological order with a separate section on dynasties.
The website 'BBC Family History: Researching Military Records?' is an article explaining how to search archives for family and military records in Britain. Information includes how to start the search, and the various sources available for locating details of servicemen and servicewomen. The document contains a bibliography and contact details for repositories and is part of the BBC History website. The page has a permanent URL.
The vast BBC History website is navigable by these History Trails. The resources of the History website are accessible here for teachers and students by particular topic, such as: archaeology; how to do history (historiography); the Norman Conquest; church and state; wars and conflicts (including the First World War and the Second World War); the Victorians; local history; and family history. Focused articles, activities, quizzes, and links to further information bring together much existing material from the History website, including short clips from BBC history programmes. The quizzes help you keep an eye on progress as you follow the trail. If you wish to take your interest in history further, there is a UK "Course Finder". There is a search box enabling you to search History and the rest of the BBC website. The resource is extremely attractive in terms of design and graphics, but there is also a text-only version of the History Trails for those who prefer this. Undergraduate students and schoolchildren may find it useful.
This website, a National Library of Wales (NLW) Digital Mirror site, contains a digitsed display of the 'treachery' of the Blue Books. This section of the NLW website gives a general introduction to Wales in the nineteenth century, and has links to three sections which provide much greater detail. The sections (Carmarthen, Glamorgan and Pembroke; Brecknock, Cardigan, Radnor and Monmouth; and North Wales, comprising Anglesey, Carnarvon, Denbigh, Flint, Meirioneth and Montgomery) are further split up and provide a vast amount of detail and information on the topic of Welsh education in the nineteenth century.
Breaking the Seal is the Open University website to accompany the television series of the same name, which investigates documents, what we can learn from them and the use and misuse of documents as evidence. The series was broadcast on BBC2, as part of the Open University's Open2 presentations. The website is divided into the subjects of the programmes: Domesday (the Domesday Book); Tax; History from Open2; Church records; Legal issues; and Land law. Written and presented by Bettany Hughes, there are expert contributors from archivists, curators, librarians and researchers from a wide range of institutions. From each subject page users can access a synopsis of that programme, the full script, a reading list, biographies of the experts involved and related web links including archives and local and family history. Each programme features one or more members of the public, who present a 'problem' linked to the programme's theme; this is then solved by using the document(s). This useful introduction to manuscript studies for school students, life-long-learners and undergraduates covers palaeography, archives administration, how to locate primary sources, how to use archival catalogues and indexes and how to interpret documentary evidence. There are links to Open University courses. Some links are broken.
The Web site "The Brest ghetto passport archive" is part of the JewishGen, Inc. site. Its focus is the massacre of Jews at Bronnaya Gora near the town of Brest Litovsk, currently in Belarus, and formerly the Polish town of Brześc Litewski. Many of the victims came from the ghetto in Brest. It is thought that 50,000 perished in this atrocity committed by the Nazis on October 15th 1942. This archive is part of the Phoenix Project at the University of Arizona, which aims to digitise data on the Jewish Holocaust which has emerged from the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission Archives. The archive is a searchable database of the identification documents issued to the inhabitants of the Brest Ghetto. This is an excellent resource for personal and academic researchers.
The website "British Military History Collections, 1801-1945" is published by the British Library, and is an introduction to the newspaper holdings the Library has that are related to British military history, 1801-1945. On the main part of the site there is an introductory essay on the history of the war correspondent and the reporting of wars in newspapers. Following this there are three further sections, the first of which looks at the scope of the British Library's holdings in this area, highlighting the most important publications available. The second provides an article on how to use military records when researching family history, and the third provides a list of other organisations and resources for those engaged in the research of British military history.
"British Origins" is a service of Origins.net for genealogy and family history research and genealogy data in England and Wales. The website provides exclusive access to the Society of Genealogists' records: indexes to marriages, wills, witness depositions and apprentice records that relate to England and Wales. The Society's collections bring together thousands of source materials such as parish registers and bishops' transcripts, monumental inscriptions and censuses, local history, as well as a collection of members' deposits of research notes on families. As important are the unique indexes and finding aids that have been compiled from a number of sources that enable access to a vast fund of useful genealogical data. These indexes and abstracts are only available online via British origins. The database available here contains records dating from 1538 to 1850 which can be ordered online (for a fee and for limited search periods) and contain over one million names covering 1568-1850. These indexes allow you to locate otherwise inaccessible source documents created by the Church of England Courts and London Livery Companies, including: Boyd's Marriage Index, 1538-1840 (from English parish marriage registers, Bishop's Transcripts and marriage licences for a growing number of English counties); Vicar-General Marriage Licence Allegations Index, 1694-1850; Faculty Office Marriage Licence Allegations Index, 1701-1850; Bank of England Will Extracts Index, 1717-1845; Archdeaconry Court of London Wills Index, 1700-1807; London City Apprenticeship Abstracts, 1568-1850; London Consistory Court Depositions Index, 1700-1713; Apprentices of Great Britain: 1710-1774; Boyd's Inhabitants of London: 14th-19th centuries; Boyd's London Burials; and Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills: 1750-1800. Although English Origins provides access to information about people who lived in or had connections with England, it will inevitably include items of interest for Wales and Scotland. (Probate courts would examine estates that included property outside of England, and for certain periods the bishops' transcripts of Welsh parishes would have been lodged in England.There is an excellent introduction to starting to trace your family history offering pointers towards research techniques and resources such as archives, libraries, Internet resources and societies - but emphasising the value of one's own living relatives. Another useful tool is the ability to restrict searches to the most recent and updated records from some of the datasets - allowing you to only look up the new records that have been added since you last searched the database.
These Web pages from the Imperial War Museum' Collections (Exhibits and Firearms) provides an in-depth look at the four most common British service medals from the First World War. These medals will be familiar to genealogists and others researching family history, as well as those interested in military history. There is an overview of the medals awarded to British and Commonwealth servicemen and servicewomen. General service during the World War I was recognised by the issue of the 1914 Star (or the 1914-15 Star if appropriate), the British War Medal 1914-1920 and the Victory Medal 1914-1919. This trio of awards became popularly known as "Pip, Squeak and Wifred" from the character names of a contemporary newspaper cartoon. By clicking on the image of each of the four medals in the "trio" detailed information is displayed, including: history; description; eligibility (the services are listed here); as well as links to further information.
This website provides free online access to a number of discussion points relating to family history and genealogy. Although the website itself does not provide online access to any primary resources for researching family history, and is aimed at a general audience as opposed to a specifically academic one, the amount of information and discussion on the best ways in which to study genealogy makes this a highly useful, and useable, resource. There is a wealth of information on resources for genealogists, on census information, on county and church record offices and records, and much more. There is, moreover, a free-to-access forum with a large number of topics and users. This website will be particularly of use to those starting research in this field - or those looking into local/regional history in general - as it explains the workings of the various censuses and local/parish record offices.
The BritishIslesGenWeb Project website gives access for UK researchers to the work of the WorldGenWeb project, a not-for-profit, voluntary organisation providing genealogical and historical records and resources. The website is divided into country projects, which reflect the heritage of the inhabitants of the culturally-mixed British Isles. They include information on: Caribbean Islands; Ireland; St Helena; Falkland Islands; and Gibraltar. Wales, Isle of Man, Northern Ireland, Scotland, England and the Channel Islands are, of course, all covered. The areas are further subdivided into region or county Web pages which provide information specific to the region, or links to other resources relevant to the county. There are useful links to the websites of those carrying out family research in the selected region or county, as well as information on the local archives. An extremely useful site for those researching local, family, or social history.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Burial Registers for Kingston upon Thames Parishes, 1850-1901 and Bonner Hill Cemetery, 1855-1911' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The dataset provides details on everyone who was buried in Kingston upon Thames in parish church graveyards between 1850 and 1901, and in the local authority cemetery at Bonner Hill between 1855 and 1911. The information about individuals buried in parish church graveyards consists of: name, abode, parish, age, and date of burial. A small number of records outside of the period 1850-1901. The information about individuals buried in Bonner Hill Cemetery consists of: date of death, name, abode (full address after 1872), age, whether the individual was buried in consecrated ground or private vault, and date of burial.
Digitised images of the published Calendar of Patent Rolls covering the period 1216 to 1452 can be browsed or searched for free on this site created by G.R. Boynton and the University of Iowa Libraries. Recording royal grants and orders made by letters patent, or open, the patent rolls are an essential source for English medieval history, whether political, social, legal, financial, ecclesiastical or diplomatic. Whilst the published Calendars of Patent Rolls are available in academic libraries and the original manuscripts are held in The National Archives, through this site the contents are much more accessible. However, there are problems with this website, which consists of scanned pages from the published Calendar of Patent rolls, with a front page that offers only a simple browse or search facility. There is no explanation of how to use the website and no introduction to the patent rolls themselves, presumably because the site was created as a teaching resource for students at University of Iowa. However, as the first attempt to digitise the contents of the Calendar of Patent Rolls, this remains a useful resource, particularly for historians and researchers already familiar with their contents. For the period 1216 to 1232, the full text of the patent rolls is provided and is in Latin, whilst from 1232 to 1452, the text is calendared and is in English.
The Canadian Genealogy Centre Military Web pages are part of Library and Archives Canada (LAC). These pages link to both online resources (internal and external) and to information on LAC holdings of use for tracing ancestors who were active in the Canadian and other military forces. The links and advice for family historians are divided into topics that include: the French Regime; British forces; Loyalists; First World War; Canadian forces after 1918; military medals; war diaries; and war graves. LAC holds many varied resources for genealogists, such as: officer lists; letters; Canadian military personnel records; and medal registers. The information given in relation to these holdings includes: how to access the material; how to read the various types of document; and samples of each type of document. This is a good, comprehensive guide to the types of information available to family or military historians looking at Canada.
The website "The Carpathian Connection" is a resource for those seeking genealogical and historical information on the mountainous Carpathian/Rusyn area of Poland and Slovakia. The Carpatho-Rusyn background section is particularly helpful, with a variety of articles. There are helpful essays on the history of the region and links to websites on the villages and towns of the regions. Sections on immigration and helpful tips on tracing ancestors enhance this site. There are genealogy discussion links on Galicia, Jakubany, Rusyn and Slovakia, and links to the 1920 and 1930 US census results. The community has also put online the census results from Hajtova and Maly Lipnik of 1869. There is a surname search facility and information from areas with significant Rusyn or Lemko communities.
This website presents the Cely Papers, which is a selection from the correspondence and memoranda of the Cely family, merchants of the staple A.D. 1475-1488, and has been edited for The Royal Historical Society. The simply designed website is split into five main sections (including an introduction, footnotes and appendices section and four sections devoted to the family letters). The letters are in Early Modern English and, although readable for-the-most-part, require some concentration and attention to work through. Nonetheless, they provide a very interesting and detailed account of the life and lifestyles of this very wealthy English business family (including details of their travels to the European continent).
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Census Enumerators' Books for Downham, Cambridgeshire, 1851 and 1891' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as data files with lookup tables. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The aim of this project was to investigate the working population of Downham, an agricultural fen parish in north Cambridgeshire, using information derived from the census enumerators' books for 1851 and 1891. This project originated as part of the course of study for an Open University Course (Studying family and community history: nineteenth and twentieth centuries). The data consists of a partial transcription of the 1851 and 1891 census enumerators' books for Downham, Cambridgeshire. The variables are: enumeration district; folio number; schedule number; address; surname; relationship to head of household; marital status; gender; age; occupation; employment status (1891 only); place of birth; birth county or country; disabilities (1891 only).
The website of the 'Centraal Bureau voor Genealogie' (CBG), the central information and documentation centre for family history and genealogy in the Netherlands, is a portal for family historians and researchers who want to trace their Dutch ancestors or migrants from the Netherlands who settled abroad. The catalogue offers extensive search and browse facilities. Information on how to go about genealogical research in the Netherlands and a discussion forum for exchanging information and enqiries with other researchers are also available. In January 2008, a 'digital study room' will be opened which for a small fee will allow researchers to consult and print off documents found in the CBG catalogue.
The website of the Cheshire Record Office provides information on the archives and archival records of the County of Cheshire from the 12th century onwards. It is the essential holding for those researching the local history of Cheshire and Chester. The collection holds one of the most complete set of criminal records of any English county. Parish registers from the sixteenth century onwards, wills and probate records and census returns from 1841 to 1901 are all held, as well as poor law records, diocesan and nonconformist records, maps, deeds and electoral records. Catalogues are accesible online, and supplemented by the wills database, railway staff database, and records of Overleigh cemetery which covers 1850-1891. Online the tithe maps of Victorian Cheshire can be consulted. The office offers a postal and email service and there is information on the facilities at the archive, based in central Chester. Requests can be made for on-site archivists to carry out research for those who cannot visit the archive in person. There are helpful sections on those researching family history, and a newletter published twice a year can be downloaded using Acrobat Reader. Of particular use is the section on preserving and conserving personal records. There are links to the Conservation Unit at the Cheshire Record Office and to staff at the Grosvenor Museum, who hold a free object identification service once a week.
The website "Chester History and Heritage" provides information on the history of the City of Chester, its parishes, and its people; and is a subsite of the Cheshire West and Chester Council web page. One of the most beautiful of Britain's historic cities, Chester was home to one of the three Roman legions, was a once a bustling port, boasts a beautiful cathedral, and complete city walls. Located on the Welsh border, it also played a strategic part in many conflicts, including the Civil War. The website features sections on the Mystery Plays, the Cheshire Regiment, family history tips, and information on the various districts of Chester, such as Newton, Handbridge, and Blacon. Although there is information on the Chester archives, it is not extensive and there is more emphasis on local community history groups. Brief accounts of the curfew on the Welsh, the Sheriffs of Chester, and the Earls of Chester could have been extended. There are links to pages with a similar content or of use to those carrying out research on the local history of Chester.
This site provides details of the types of records available at the East Sussex County Council Archives. A guide to holdings document can be accessed in Word or PDF format. This provides a detailed list of archives, which include Navy Act returns of men recruited 1795-7; plans of canal and river improvements; piers, harbours and coastal works 1800-1924; registers of shipping for Newhaven and Rye; and records of river boards and harbour commissioners. Contact details and visitor information are provided.
The website "College of Arms" introduces this institution which is the official repository of the coats of arms and pedigrees of English, Welsh, Northern Irish and Commonwealth families and their descendants and whose valuable archive also holds official copies of the records of Ulster King of Arms, the originals of which remain in Dublin. This website provides a concise but fascinating outline of the history and significance of heralds and their role in mediaeval royal ceremony as well as a practical guide to the complex historical and legal and workings of the heraldic system which is still very much an on-going and contemporary part of the work of the royal household, as demonstrated by a section on the recent grant of arms to Prince Henry of Wales in 2002. The website discusses the insignia of naval, military and R.A.F forces and describes the architecture of the College. There is also a series of FAQs and a page of useful links to genealogical and historical institutions. While the practical information on the services of the College of Arms will interest amateur and academic alike, this is also a useful research tool for historians, archaeologists of the mediaeval period and all those studying family histories and the evolution of aristocratic images and symbols. The publications of the college and of its officers are presented on the site. The latest of the, "Armorial of Haiti" has a section on the site; those interested can find information on how to purchase the book. The newsletter of the College of Arms is published on the site in PDF and HTML format with the archive going back to 2004; a subscription form is available.
The Convicts to Australia site is published by a professional genealogist and is a comprehensive guide on how to research convicts. Although designed with family history researchers, the information is also helpful to other history researchers. The site features a number of searchable lists such as: the convict ships and where they sailed to in Australia; a list of convicts sent to Western Australia; a list of pensioner guards and warders in Western Australia; female convicts in New South Wales; and a selection of biographies of some convicts. Also on the site is a useful research guide, which gives a good introduction to the history of convict transportation from Britain to Australia from 1788 to 1868, information regarding prison hulks, transportation, life at sea, arrival in Australia and convict life, a timeline of events, a guide to the censuses and musters for New South Wales, a glossary and bibliography, and a selection of web links.
The website "Cornish Cemeteries" features Memorial Inscriptions (MIs) from cemeteries in Cornwall and some Parish records. There are thousands of searchable individual records to help find your Cornish ancestors or for research purposes. This site is of interest to local historians, genealogists, or researchers. The website provides an explanation of the system used, and what arrangements have been made within the system for calculating birth dates, maiden names, errors, and contacts where appropriate. The website does feature distracting advertisements. However, the information is presented in a clear, basic way and the site is easy to navigate. There is also a good indication of which indices have been completed. There are helpful maps and images of the cemeteries. The site is maintained by Christine Uphill.
These are the genealogy pages of the Cornwall Online website. Here you can read or download files which include Cornish names, like surname indexes, and Royal navy ships lists, and executions in England. This includes 'List of Convicts (some Cornish) to New South Wales' (available to download in compressed ZIP format only). When uncompressed, a file in Word format contextualises the accompanying text file. The text file contains three separate lists of convicts who were convicted in English courts and then selected for transportation to New South Wales, arriving in 1788, 1790 and 1791. The lists were compiled from newspaper lists which were prepared in England before the voyage. The first list appears in the London Gazette. The Sydney Cove Chronicle gives an account of the condition of the convicts when they arrived, and provides a second list of convicts, including women convicts who sailed in the Lady Juliana. A third list appears in the New Holland Morning Post listing those who had travelled on the Atlantic, William and Ann, Britannia, Matilda, Salamander, Albemarle, Mary Anne, Admiral Barrington, Active or Gorgon. Each lists includes name, place of conviction and term of sentence. The New Holland Morning Post also reports on the 86 settlers who have been granted land at Parramatta and Norfolk Island marines. There are also links to family history resources for researching Cornish genealogy.
Cuaderno de Estudios Gallegos is a peer-reviewed, free and full-text online journal focusing on the archaeology and history of Iberia. The journal is published online since 2006, and there is one issue every year; the last issue is only available to subscribers. Topics range include lithics, symbolism, rock art, Iron Age hill forts and others. Topics for history are more varied and concentrate on the 15th to 20th centuries. Studies on inscriptions and genealogical studies are also published. All papers are available in Spanish, with English abstracts and can be accessed in PDF format. The interface of the website is in English and Spanish and is particularly easy to use. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
The website "Cumnor Parish Record" is an excellent, easy to navigate and well-presented resource for those interested in the history of Cumnor, its inhabitants and its topography from the Iron Age to the present day. Cumnor is also famous for the now demolished Cumnor Place, where Amy Robsart, wife of Robert Dudley, favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, fell down the stairs to her death. A section of the site briefly tells her story. An extremely short history of the parish is included, as well as articles on subjects such as: A visit to Cumnor - 1840's; Chawley Brick and Tiles Works; Prehistoric Site at Farmoor; and Dedication of Cumnor War Memorial, 1921. Sections include: facts and figures about the parish; maps; fieldnames; photo gallery; and a comprehensive alphabetical list of the families which had been resident in Cumnor from 1450 to 1900. Details found on graveyards in the parish are also presented online. Recollections of Cumnor have been recorded and included as well as the records of the school from between 1903 and 1918. Researchers will also find the index of wills of great use. This site is of great use to those interested in local history, genealogy, or microhistory.
'Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet' website is a valuable resource for all amateur genealogists. The site comprises of over 250,000 links arranged by 150 categories. However, the links and categories do have a strong North American bias. The catalogues are categorised and cross reference to provide a main index; a topical index; an alphabetised index; and a simplified index to make the large catalogue more accessible. The site also provides a detailed guide for beginners inlcuding: an extensive range of hints and tips; helpful publications; and guides to researching certain resources such as births, marriage and death records. A Frequently Asked Questions sections answers many of the common questions amateur genealogists may have. The links are constantly updated, which is a strong point in the favour of this portal.
Devon Local Studies is an award winning online resource making many local studies materials widely accessible for the first time. Online there are: guides and links to Devon's heritage collections; information on over 500 Devon communities; guides to using different types of historical sources; information on a wide range of topics; catalogues, lists and indexes of collections held in the county; historical maps of Devon; newsletters; engravings, photographs and portraits from the collections; pages produced for the BBC History online service; and a time line. In 2000 this local history service won second place in the Library Association's Public Library Entrepreneur of the Year Awards, with an exhibition for the millennium entitled "From Script to Print to Hypertext", which celebrated two thousand years of the written and printed word in Devon. Alongside plans for the exhibition, material from the Timeline is mounted on this local studies website. Devon Library Services' Local Studies Library has also celebrated the 150th anniversary of Public Libraries on its website. Using detailed reports from the local newspapers the webpage charts the Council's debate on the need for a public library and provides biographical data on the councillors involved.
The 'Dictionary of British Circus Biography' (DBCB) aims to create an "index of showmen, performers and other people associated with circus" in the British Isles. The DBCB website has details of the project, and calls for contributions of materials. The project is run by John Turner, a circus scholar and contributor to the Dictionary of National Biography, and the website has a list of his publications. These include the 3,000-entry 'Victorian Arena; the Performers' and the DBCB aims to build on this work by adding to it details of 20th century British circus performers. The DBCB is said to be due for print publication at some point in the future, and is currently said to contain 11,000 biographical records and 10,500 "records of actual circus visits".
This website describes an AHRC-funded project examining the transformation of personal archives from physical objects (such as journals, photographs, letters) to digital media and the implications this has on libraries, research repositories and scholarship. The project team consists of people from the British Library (the lead partner), University College London and University of Bristol. The project runs from September 2007 until March 2009, with dissemination continuing until June 2009, and is led by Dr Jeremy Leighton John of the British Library. The website has full details of this wide-ranging project, the research team and partners. Details of publications by team members are available as a PDF document, and the project aims to place full-text papers on the website at a future date. The team has a weblog, going back to the start of the project. Information is also provided about the Digital Lives conference, which was held on 10th February 2009.
Dunbrody is an attractively designed website detailing the reconstruction of a historical emigrant ship in County Wexford, Ireland. The website uses frames to present visitor and project information. In 2001 the reconstruction was launched of the Dunbrody, (the original was a three-masted barque built in Quebec, Canada, for the Graves family of New Ross, County Wexford in 1845. She carried many emigrants to 'the new world' until 1870). The reconstruction has been opened to visitors at the quayside in New Ross. The Dunbrody Project is a celebration of the lives and achievements of Irish emigrants and their descendants, "Spirit Of Ireland". It receives significant support from the charitable John F. Kennedy Trust (founded to commemorate the historic legacy of the US President by involving itself in projects that contribute to the people of New Ross, where his ancestors originated). The Project receives funding from diverse sources including local government agencies (in Wexford and New Ross), and corporate sponsors from national businesses like high street banks to smaller corporations from all over Ireland. The visitor information includes reference to a huge database available to view on the reconstructed ship. This includes over 2 million names of emigrants who sailed from Ireland in the nineteenth century for the US and Canada. The database, which is also available on CD-Rom, has been compiled by a huge research collaboration between the JFK Trust, the Ellis Island Restoration Commission and the Balch Institute for Immigration Research in Philadelphia from the original passenger lists of ships, which sailed from Ireland and Great Britain to the USA. Also referenced here are the annual Jean Kennedy lectures, delivered by former Taoiseachs, as well as American politicians on topics that appear to focus on the influence of President John F. Kennedy on the Irish worldwide and in Ireland.
The Web Site "Eastern Borderlands of the Second Polish Republic", created by an amateur historian, is of use to those seeking further information about the area known as "Kresy", which made up pre-Second World War eastern Poland. These lands are now parts of Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, and some remain in Poland. The varied fate of these lands is fascinating, yet tragic, and Paul Havers, the author of this site, has a personal reason for compiling the site. There is a variety of maps on the areas, photographs, short descriptions of districts and of administrative districts. The site also features information from the 1921 census and demographic data, which makes it extremely useful for those carrying out genealogical research. There are a few books on the subject mentioned, as well as links to relevant sites. This is a good basic site for those in the fields of Polish or Slavonic Studies or History.
Historical Abstracts is an online research aid prepared by Ebsco Publishing. This site posts a database of journal abstracts from over 1,700 academic periodicals that are devoted to modern world history, from 1450 to the present, excluding the United States and Canada. Most fields of history are covered, from military history, to women's history, to social history; social scientific journals are also represented. The journals whose contents are listed here run from 1955 to the present. A general title list can be viewed in various formats, but the site requires a subscription and user registration for full access to the site's resources. The larger site, of which this site is one part, includes professional information for publishers and college administrators. The academic level of the periodicals will particularly support post-graduate research.
A large proportion of the population of Iceland emigrated to North America in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and the web site "The emigration from Iceland to North America" aims to provide a comprehensive bank of online resources for family historians interested in these migrants. A database is being created to accumulate data on known settlers as well as guides to help researchers trace their ancestors. The site goes further, however, by providing additional historical material such as a glossary of Icelandic personal names, a statistical breakdown of emigration figures by the shires and townships of Iceland, an interactive map of the settlements they founded in North America, and links to llibrary and archival sources relating to early Icelandic settlers in America. A weekly newsletter is available via subscription (which is free) to the mailing list.
This website explores the connections between objects in the home and those in museums, with a view to developing family learning, and using family stories to develop literacy, language and engage diverse cultures and communities. Every Object Tells a Story provides an insight into objects associated with the Khan family (originally from Pakistan) and draws on these to narrate the interests, histories and stories of a family. Of particular note is the teachers pack which can be downloaded. Aimed at Key Stage 2 (although it can be adapted for other age ranges) this provides a programme of structured activities both in the classroom and museum, offering teachers and museum educators a starting point to “develop their own ideas around how objects, stories and museums can be used to enhance family learning opportunities”. The project was developed in partnership with MLA Yorkshire and drew on the AHRC-funded Ferham Families project (also documented here) which “at the relationship between objects in the home and the narratives of migration of families of Pakistani heritage”.
This is the website of the Family and Community Historical Research Society, an organisation that encourages and promotes the study of family and community history in the United Kingdom. The public site can be accessed by anyone, and there is also a members' site, which can only be accessed by subscribers. The aim of the Society is to promote and communicate research in family history with particular emphasis on the contribution of locally based studies. To facilitate this the Society helps to create links between institutional and independent researchers and runs its own continuing learning courses. The Society concentrates particularly on Victorian social, migration and class history, as well as eighteenth, nineteenth- and twentieth-century family and community history. On the site it is possible to view abstracts of the Society's journal, search through the member's interest pages or local contacts index, and find links to related websites. On the member's site there are more resources including primary source materials.
The Family History website aims to help those tracing their families who originated in England and now spread and emigrated worldwide. The website includes details on over 6600 individuals, plus photographs, census, emigration, and education information, and wills and biographies. Of great benefit, moreover, the website has a number of genealogy articles to help users build their own personalised a family tree. There are also hints and tips on working on family history and genealogy, as well as links to various other helpful online genealogy resources. The website is easy to navigate, with a simple list of links running down the left-hand side of the page, although the adverts (although mostly related to genealogy issues in general) could lead to slower loading times for some users. Nevertheless, this is a highly useful website for those interest in their family's past.
The Imperial War Museum offers a wealth of material for the family history researcher seeking an insight into the nature of personal experience in wartime. This document provides guidance in tracing an individual's personal service history using family history resources in the departments of printed books and documents, and in the film, video, photograph and sound archives. The Museum holds material relating to the armed forces and items relating to civilians, including all conflicts, and concentrating on British and Commonwealth involvement from 1914 to the present day. Information sheets (in .pdf format) include unit histories, ship journals, service lists, rolls of honour, graves registers, maps, personal papers, gallantry awards and campaign medals, photographs, film and sound recordings. More material is held relating to the Army, and the collections tend to be weaker for the Royal Navy, Royal Air Force and Merchant Navy. Amongst its naval holdings, the Museum has sets of The Navy List and several volumes of rolls of honour for some of the Battalions of the Royal Naval Division - Hood, Hawke, Howe, Drake, Nelson and Anson Battalions. The Museum's resources are available to everybody. The service is free, although an appointment must be made with the appropriate departments.
The main focus of this database is to provide free resources for family history and genealogy research on South Australians and their ancestors at home and abroad. Information is divided into genealogy by country, including the UK and Ireland, with links to relevant websites, such as databases of marriages in South Australia up to 1845 and passenger lists up to 1840.
This is the website of the Family Research Link. The site is in effect, a database containing the original indexes of births, marriages and deaths for England and Wales from 1837 to 2005. There are also similar statistics for this time period for British births abroad and British births at sea. Baptism records are provided from 1538 to 2005. The Family Research index is an independent business, but has the support and endorsement of The Law Society of England and Wales. Access to the indexes is through registration, and works thereafter on a 'pay per view' basis. The site has a bespoke search engine for fast recovery of data.
This is the website of the UK magazine Family History Magazine and Practical Family History. Online, there are abstracts and contents of the current issues. The most recent issue's links that relate to the regular genealogy computing feature, are included in a separate section of that most recent issue. Also, there are hundreds of links to family and local history resources, from previous issues of the magazines.
The Family Search Internet Genealogy Service is an extensive website dedicated to enabling its users to trace their ancestry. Although the site is American (supported by the Church of Later-Day Saints), its scope is worldwide, providing information as to how to proceed and who to contact when attempting genealogical research in many different countries. The Internet search tool provided with the site is a good place to start, but it does return a lot of fairly obviously irrelevant material. Other resources provided include: guides to research; links to other genealogical websites; a 'shared information' email list; family history library details; and forms and products to download or order (at a price). Some of the downloads are in PDF format. The site is slickly presented, and, with a wealth of information as to how to proceed in genealogical enquiry, makes an ideal starting point for research.
The Federation of Family History Societies is an international group that represents and supports the various family history and genealogical groups and societies that constitute its membership. The federation aims to 'co-ordinate and assist the work of societies or other bodies interested in family history, genealogy and heraldry'.The Federation's website is divided into two main sections: the first explains what the group does and provides news, products, and advice; the second is a members section which concentrates on more specific issues, hosts minutes of meetings, discusses special topics such as charitable status and data protection, and offers more technical information. Some of the most useful parts of the site are the 'help with research' section, which gives in-depth guidelines as to how to approach genealogical research, and the 'National Burial Index' project (NBI). This is a project organised by the federation to collate and publish burial records in the UK. The first edition of the NBI contains well over 5 million records. The NBI in electronic form may be downloaded from the website for a price. The Federation also provides contact details for over 200 member societies, with links to their websites in most cases.This is a good site with plenty of content which is likely to prove very useful to those interested in genealogy.
Located in the Web page of the Federation of East European Family History Societies (FEEFHS) in Utah, the FEEFHS Map Room exceeds the genealogical thrust of the larger site in providing a resource of academic value for professional historians. Most of the maps scanned for this site are taken from one primary source: Comprehensive Atlas and Geography of the World, published in 1882 in Edinburgh. As such, they provide convenient details of small towns and local boundaries in Central Europe and Russia from the nineteenth century which otherwise might be hard to determine. Moreover, since they are taken from a Scottish source, they were labelled in English, or have Anglicised or Germanised versions of names, which may be helpful, or not, depending upon the needs of the researcher. There are some sixty detailed maps for the Austro-Hungarian Empire; the German Empire; the Russian Empire; and Finland. It is unfortunate, however, that the site does not offer maps covering the same regions from different contemporary sources as a basis for comparison.Viewing quality is good but not excellent, and is due, according to the site's creators, to their preference for speed of access over crispness of the images. There are some broken links to maps, as the site is still under construction.
Finding Ship Passenger Lists and Immigration Records is a website listing sources of indexes to passenger arrival records (also called immigration records) in the United States from 1820 to the 1940s. Information on researching ancestors is provided, as well as locating details of major indexes concerning the main ports of arrival in America, over this period. Some of the features available require a subscription and payment. All of the information is actually taken from other sources, this site acts merely as an intermediary.
Focus on Isaac Rosenberg is an online exhibition published by the FamilyRecords.gov.uk consortium (formerly the Family Records Centre). The exhibition highlights documents that have survived in the nation's archives relating to the life and military career of war poet Isaac Rosenberg (1890-1917). Resources include: Rosenberg's birth certificate; related census returns; original poem manuscripts; and his medal and service records. There are also suggestions for further reading, and a selection of related web links. The site is designed to inspire those researching their own ancestors, and points to resources at the National Archives and elsewhere that would be of general use to family historians. The site would also be of interest to those studying the history of the Great War or the poetry of the period.
The website "FreeBMD", which stands for Free Births, Marriages, and Deaths is a project whose objective is to provide free Internet access to the Civil Registration index information for England and Wales. The index holds registration information of births, marriages, and deaths in England and Wales between 1837 and 1983. It is one of the singularly most important resources for genealogists and historians carrying out research on England and Wales. The database holds over 159 million records and there is information on the current state of areas covered, and graphs of the project indicating how much data has been input. The search engine allows field such as types of registration, local districts, dates and a useful phonetic search surnames. The help page or "how to best search" gives detailed explanation about the most efficient ways of submitting queries.
'From Weaver to Web' is a website intended to present the history of Calderdale, West Yorkshire, and the textile industry. It provides public access to material (including images, commentary and oral history) digitised as part of this project funded by the New Opportunities Fund (NOF). The site includes introductions and examples of different types of source materials together with thematic introductions to significant events and topics within the history of Calderdale, long important for its cloth mills and markets. The topics include, such as, architecture, canals, the role of the mill, railway, social welfare. For example there is helpful information about undertaking research using electoral registers (or 'burgess rolls' - which list all those local inhabitants who were eligible to vote in local and Parliamentary elections) and poll books (which list the individuals who voted in elections and identify the candidate for whom they voted. These are available for different areas pre-1832 through to the 1872 Secret Ballot Act). These electoral registers represent an important source for the local historian and often throw up information not available elsewhere. The database of over 22,000 images may be searched by a variety of fields or browsed by all records. Articles and other secondary material has been written by local history consultants from partner organisations such as the county record office. The website also includes information on the digitisation process and content management system, as well as extremely clearly written 'help' documentation to enable easy use of the collections via the Internet. The archive is mainly derived from the Horsfall Turner collection donated to the Central Library, Halifax, West Yorkshire, England. 'From Weaver to Web' is one of the textile-related regional consortium of NOF digitisation projects, along with 'Cotton Town' and 'Knitting Together', that is contributing to 'Spinning the Web Consortium'.
The website Gareth's Help Page is devoted to helping users perform genealogical research that falls in the geographical region of Wales. The site is very large and very comprehensive, but extremely user-friendly. The home page contains much solid good advice for getting started on Internet-based genealogy. However, the meat of the site can be accessed via a very simple contents grid. Sections include: maps and gazetteers; newspapers and jounals; bibliographies of useful books; heraldry information; family history sites; lists of registration districts.
"Genealogia dynastyczna (Dynastic genealogy)" is an amateur Web Site in Polish and English which focuses on the genealogy of royal and noble families in Poland, compiled by Ryszard Jurzak. Due to the complicated clan nature of Polish heraldry, tracing people or heraldic arms is a more complex matter. Based on many of the best books on Polish heraldry and armorials, the author has produced a well-presented and easy to use Web Site. Excerpts of many of these books are on the site in PDF form, and can be ordered through the site. The list of families can be searched, as can individual armorials, for surnames. The chronological list of popes can also be found on the site. There is information on prominent families, listed in alphabetical order. This is an excellent and interesting site.
Genealogical Software Report Card is a website linked to the National Genealogical Society (NGS) - an American organisation for amateur and professional family historians. Report Card compares and reviews family history, family tree, and other genealogical computer software, for the society's magazine. The site contains a number of sections: an explanation of the features of Report Card; 'score cards' and assessment graphs pertaining to reviewed software; text reviews (in PDF format) of programmes that have been published in the NSG newsletter; a very useful glossary. This is a relatively technical site, requiring an understanding of not only genealogy but also of statistics.
These Web pages are the indexes of "The Genealogists Magazine" published in print by the Society of Genealogists. These indexes, which cover from the first issue (April 1925) to December 1996, provide brief titles/descriptions, and category assignments, volume number, issue and date, of the main articles in The Genealogist Magazine. The main article index is arranged into five sections, (1925-1931, 1932-1950, 1947-1967, 1969-1982, 1983-1996). The surname indexes are arranged alphabetically on 4 separate pages, and provide similar information to the main article index - including the historical/geographical context in which that surname appears, although entries are essentially brief.
The website 'Genealogy' is Yahoo's bespoke genealogy resource. The site contains lists of links to pages relating to family history. British and Irish sites are marked with the country flag. As with the rest of UK Yahoo, you can request to view only sites in the directory from your chosen country. As well as listing individual resources, the site also arranges information under the following headings: beginners' guides; chat rooms; heraldry; GEDCOM; lineages and surnames; magazines; organisations; PAF; reference; regional and ethnic resources; royal genealogies; tombs. One of the oldest and most used Internet directories, there is a community of users offering advice and asking for help in the chatrooms.
The website 'Genealogy in Hertfordshire' provides an excellent introduction to conducting family history research and local history in the records relating to Hertfordshire. For example, there are some very well illustrated shortcomings of the 1901 census, including some errors, in the section entitled "My Ancestors in the 1901 Census". There is also information provided from indexes of one-name studies, place names, as well as articles, essays and references to events in Hertfordshire - including criminal cases from the records of law and order.
'Genes Reunited' transfers one of the great commercial and user-experience success stories of the Internet into the realms of genealogy, being 'Friends Reunited' for family historians. It is actually from the creators of 'Friends Reunited', and the look and feel is very similar. Once registered you can use 'Genes Reunited' as another of the many resources available to help trace your family tree. There are hundreds of thousands of registrants and many millions of family names. One-name-studies might benefit most, but this will be of interest for all family historians and for some academic research. You must register to use this resource. The site allows you to add the details of relations from your own family history. You can search the database for relations of other 'Genes Reunited' members, whether from the UK or anywhere around the world. To see the details of another family tree you then email that researcher within the 'Genes Reunited' service. It is like an online interactive classified advert section of an international family history magazine, with the advantage of a current UK bias, instead of the usual north American feeling of similar resources. If registered, there is an opportunity to download the GEDCOM (Genealogical Data Communication) software, developed by the Family History Department of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to provide a flexible, uniform format for exchanging computerised genealogical data, interoperable with software products to assist genealogists, historians, and other researchers.
GENUKI is a MIMAS complementary service containing over 22,000 web pages of information for genealogists. It consists of a geographical hierarchy describing where relevant historical data is held, and suggests research techniques for making the best use of such information. Indexes and transcriptions of historical data are also being provided by volunteers and made available as part of the service. GENUKI is maintained to a common standard by a number of volunteers with local knowledge to achieve a common look and feel whilst hosting parts on various hosts. The resource is freely available. Description supplied by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
The website "Civilian War Dead Roll Of Honour"contains an index to the war casualties for Northumberland, Durham and Yorkshire. The Civilian War Dead Roll of Honour was compiled by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (formerly Imperial War Graves Commission). It lists civilians killed, directly or indirectly, by enemy action in the United Kingdom during the Second World War (1939-1945). A copy of the complete roll, consisting of seven bound volumes listing 66,375 names, is kept in Westminster Abbey. The site is primarily an alphabetical list of the war dead. However, the site (perhaps confusingly) also contains three main headings: Northumberland, County Durham and Yorkshire. Clicking on any of these headings sends the reader to a huge gateway of information on the chosen county, including: Jewish records, local newspapers, regional occupations, customs and societies.
The website "Gravestone Photograph Resource" aims to publish online an index of all pre-1900 UK gravestones. The project began with the gravestones of Suffolk and Norfolk, for which 8 graveyards have been covered for the latter and 48 for the former, but now all counties of England and Wales are represented with some parishes and cemeteries. There is a convenient A-Z index of names found on tombstones in the graveyards, together with photographs of the parish churches and the dates of the deceased. The photographs of the gravestones are not onthe site; they are emailed for free to one's inbox after submitting the request. Search is also possible by clicking on the map on the mainpage, whereupon the list of all available parishes for each county is shown. The site is valuable for those interested in local history or genealogy. The main page has links to similar sites from other countries and regions: Australia, Canada, Cyprus, Scotland, Ireland, USA, and Wales.
The Great Britain Historical Database is a large database of British nineteenth and twentieth-century statistics. The online (GBHD Online) version provides registered users with web-based access to a significant part of it. The database includes information such as: marriage and mortality statistics from the Registrar General's reports; and demographic and employment statistics from the census. The History Data Service receives funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This description is based on the one supplied by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
The website The Great War: Vimy Ridge describes the research undertaken by Richard Van Wyck Laughton, grandson of George Van Wyck Laughton, who served in the British and Canadian armies in that conflict. This site is an extension of Richard Laughton's elaborate and well-sourced genealogical pages on this Canadian branch of the Laughton family. This section was created, the site states, to counter the recent historiographical trend to play down or question the importance of Vimy Ridge in Canadian history and particularly in the teaching of the subject. Laughton is not an academic, so his stance in this regard goes no further than to present the history of his grandfather who served in the First World War. External links posted on the site, however, all refer to the importance of the Canadian capture of Vimy Ridge in the Battle of Arras, contrary to current revisionist arguments.
In 1911, George Laughton joined the militia of Middlesex County, Ontario. At the beginning of the war, he joined the 7th Regiment Fusiliers in the 142nd Overseas Battalion as a Lieutenant. After officer training in England, Laughton transferred from the Canadian Expeditionary Force to the British Expeditionary Force, ending as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 26th Northumberland Fusiliers, 34th Division, British 3rd Army. The site posts scanned images of all of his official records from Canada and the United Kingdom. This is enhanced by explanatory essays written by his grandson, along with memorabilia, including a war diary from the Battle of Arras, newspaper clippings, many letters home about the war, and a small collection of physical items. This site will prove useful for those engaged in advanced undergraduate or those starting postgraduate research. Perhaps of greatest interest here are conflicting British and Canadian records regarding Laughton's experiences in the Scarpe Valley in March 1917, for which he was awarded the Military Cross. These conficting accounts could inadvertently provide an introductory window for students on the current historiographical debates regarding this conflict.
The Guild of One-Name Studies is an organisation whose role is to oversee, collate, and publish research into the history and distribution of surnames. To register with the guild one must be a 'true one-namer', that is to say a researcher looking at the global distribution of a name rather than the distribution in a particular locality. This website exists both to promote the study of surnames, and to provide information for researchers. Advice is given to those setting out on the study of a surname including research tactics and how to register the research with the guild. The site also provides members with information such as news, details of meetings, details about the Guild's journal 'The Journal of One-Name Studies', and an email discussion list. There is a database of current researchers available at the site, to allow potential members to see what research is already being conducted and by whom. There are annotated links to genealogy websites, and publications available to purchase. The site also hosts a members-only section providing some extra facilities. Anyone thinking of starting research into a particular surname should look at this site and contact the Guild.
The Guildhall Library Manuscripts Section website provides a guide to the holdings of the Guildhall Library, the local record office for the City of London. In addition to the general guide to records held, the site contains more detailed Leaflet Guides to Records. These include City of London Livery Companies; Corporation of Trinity House; Lloyd's Captains Registers; and the Company of Watermen and Lightermen. The Business Records subject index covers fish, insurance, shipbuilding, shipping and trading companies. The site also includes news, details of newly catalogued collections and Guildhall Library publications, in addition to access information, statement of objectives, collecting policy and facilities for donors and depositors.
The website Gypsy Lore Society (GLS) Collections describes the Gypsy Lore Society Archive and the Scott Mafie Gypsy Collection on the Roma held at the University of Liverpool. The focus of the materials is the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. A brief history of the GLS is given, mentioning that now the society is based in US. Brief biographies of prominent Romani linguists are also provided on the site, with links to further reading available in the University of Liverpool library catalogue. There are also links to websites on the current situation of the Roma (Romany) and their genealogy. There is a comprehensive introduction to the collections and pages with illustrations on: Britain's Gypsy families; The Vardo (caravans and Gypsy wagons); and Appleby and other Horse Fairs. A selection of photographs from the collections of the Gypsy Lore Society are offered on the site. Information is provided on access to the collections and exhibitions.
Dolgellau History is a site that aims to provide an introduction to Dolgellau in Gwynedd, Wales. The site is in both English and Welsh, although some page are available in Welsh only. The history section uses book extracts; articles; essays; postcards; and images to illustrate the history of Dolgellau. In a later section the site uses similar resources to provide a brief overview of Welsh history. Excerpts from the book on the medieval history of Wales by Sir Owen Morgan Edwards are published in both languages. A local genealogy section provides online access to the local census; bishops' transcripts; and trade directories all dating from between 1791 - 1901. Links are provided to other sites relating to Dolgellau. Unfortunately, the site suffers from commercial advertising and pop-ups.
Historical Directories : a Digital Library is an online collection of digitised nineteenth and twentieth-century local and trade directories from localities in England and Wales. Several volumes of directories have been digitised, making source material for many counties and towns, from 1850 to 1920, freely available online. The directories, including volumes of White's and Kelly's, can be browsed or searched, and the powerful search engine means that family names, occupations, addresses and other key words or phrases can be quickly and easily located to their exact places on pages within the digitised texts. The size of the pages can be manipulated, and can be printed without any of the website apparatus included on the page. Also available are two articles that provide information about how historical directories can be used by genealogists and those researching local history. Both of these contain links to relevant websites and suggestions for further reading.
The History Data Service (HDS) covers a wide range of historical topics, and brings together over 600 separate data collections transcribed, scanned or compiled from original sources. The data collections cover a time period from the late tenth century to the twentieth century, and although the primary focus is on the UK, it includes a significant body of cross-national and non-UK data collections. Examples of topics covered include: nineteenth and twentieth century statistics, manuscript census records, state finance data, demographic data, mortality data, community histories, British electoral history from the 18th to the 20th century (such as Parliamentary Poll Books, Psephological Datasets, British electoral data), and economic indicators. Various search and browse options are available for retrieving information about the collections.
This is the website of the History From Headstones project, part of the Ulster Historical Foundation, a non-profit making organisation (Charity number XN48460). This project has created a database of 60,000 gravestone inscriptions and transcripts from 800 graveyards in Northern Ireland. It is possible to perform a variety of searches, including surnames, for free, although there is a charge for searching the full tombstone inscriptions. One of the aims of the Ulster Historical Foundation is to make Irish family history sources more readily available, and this project will be invaluable as most written genealogical records were destroyed in Dublin in 1922 during the Civil War.
Although not written by an academic or professional historian, this website nevertheless provides some detailed and interesting information on the general American Civil War period through an analysis of Judith Walker McGuire (a Southern refugee during the Civil War who kept a detailed diary of her family's situation). There are, moreover, some very useful sections to the website which provide links to other, relevant, Internet sources, and a bibliography relating to Female Poets of the Harlem Renaissance.
Histpop, the Online Historical Population Reports website, offers open access to full British population reports 1801-1937, covering Britain and Ireland. As well as the basic population information, the collection has a large amount of material on the nineteenth and early twentieth century. This offers an insight into the lives of British people during those years and covers birth, marriage and death, medicine, economy and society. The collection has over 200,000 pages of census and registration material, along with additional documents from The National Archives. There is also specially written secondary material, by Edward Higgs and Matthew Woollard, to contextualise the material and enable an understanding of the collection's significance. The site is likely to be of interest to researchers at all levels across a range of humanities disciplines. It may have particular value for social historians. The collection may be browsed under various headings, such as 'Census' and 'Legislation', or searched by keyword, with a 'Help' page available for additional guidance. Information is included on the digitisation of the collection (which has been undertaken with funding from the JISC Digitisation Programme). The site is clearly laid out, straightforward and user-friendly.
The hospital records database, from the Wellcome Trust and The National Archives, provides information on the existence and location of hospital records in the United Kingdom. The database currently contains over 2,800 records which can be searched by hospital or town name. The majority of the records in the database relate to holdings in local authority record offices. The coverage of hospital archives is limited. The database holds information on both administrative and clinical records; where they are held, what type of record is held and the date range. The database also has information on the name, management and type of hospital. The existence of other finding aids, lists and catalogues are listed, where known.
Hugo’s Toy Theatre website contains a wealth of free information about the history of toy theatres and miniature theatres, written by Hugo Brown. The website contains "Hugo’s Long History of the Toy Theatre" (2006), with a variety of interviews and informational appendices. There are a number of family histories of the British toy theatre publishers, and a gallery including a large section titled 'Works of John Kilby Green'. There is also an archive of 15 short email newsletters (2004-2010). This will be a useful starting point for those interested in making contacts among those actively researching the history of toy theatres in the UK.
The Huguenot Society of Great Britain and Ireland promotes the study of Protestant exiles from persecution in France, who settled in Britain and Ireland in the seventeenth century. Based at University College London, the Society offers a range of online resources, including materials relating to The French Hospital, which was founded in 1718, and now provides sheltered accommodation to Huguenot descendants in Rochester, Kent. Also included on the web site is a glossary of French terms commonly found in Huguenot records, and a comprehensive set of guides for family historians researching Huguenot ancestors. These are all downloadable as free PDF files. The History section of the web site contains a brief summary of the persecution and re-settlement of Huguenots. Subscribers can receive a genealogical magazine, the Annual Proceedings of the Society, plus occasional publications of primary documents in their Quarto series.
The website "In depth guide to family history" is published by The National Archives, and is designed for adult learners. This is an informative site providing details of the various materials held at The National Archives that can be used for family history research, and advice on where to locate information. A range of documents and sources have been identified, with explanations of the areas they cover, and with helpful images and examples of the materials themselves. These include civil registers, censuses, wills and death duty registers, oath rolls, employment records, army and naval records, legal and criminal records, and records of migration, emigration and immigration. In addition to these, there is a bibliography and a list of links to useful websites.
'Index of English and Welsh Lunatic Asylums and Mental Hospitals' is a free online resource provided by Andrew Roberts at Middlesex University. It is based on... "on a comprehensive survey in 1844" and has then been extended through further research by Andrew Roberts and others. This will be a useful resource for those investigating many aspects of the history of the British Isles, of madness in English literature and art, and perhaps also the architecture of purpose-built asylums. The website features a useful A-Z index and a regional index. There is also a 'Mental Health History Timeline 1842-1844'.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Index of Marfleets, Pre-1500' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the UK Data Archive in RTF and PDF formats. From this Web page you may download a PDF of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the UK Data Archive, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The main aim of this project was to record information about individuals pre-1500 with the surname Marfleet or variants of the surname Marfleet. The dataset contains the names of individuals pre-1500 with the surname Marfleet or variants thereof, with details of the source in which they are mentioned, including the date of the source and a transcription or precis of the relevant part. The variants of the surname Marfleet which appear are Mareflete, Marflet, Marflete, Mayrflete, Mereflet, Merfflete, Merfle, Merfleet, Merflet, Merflete, Merfleyt, Meriflet, Mersflet, Mirfleet, Mirflete and Moreflett.
This site is part of the British Library's Collections: Asia, Pacific and Africa, and focuses on genealogical sources in the India Office. The Collections contain information on British families in South Asia and related areas from the early 17th to the mid-20th Century. The pages are designed to provide guidance on using available sources, but are is no search engine for individual personal files. The sources quoted on the website cannot be viewed on the current site. Information included on the pages, comprise a list of occupations and possible sources; a glossary; map; and links to information on sources in the India Office Records, such as biographical records; wills; pensions; biographical index; and ecclesiastical records. There are also links to sites of further interest.
Established in 1922, the Department of Economic and Social History at the University of Vienna is one of five departments and one institute which offer courses and special studies in history. This homepage outlines the Department's preferred academic methodology. All affiliated faculty and postdoctoral researchers are posted with their areas of interest and contact details. Connected research projects are listed on their own subsites, focussing mainly on the social and economic study of Austria and German Europe in the twentieth century. Two of the most interesting are the Vienna Database on European Family History and the Bibliography of Western Sexuality, 1700-1945. The Department's various publications are mentioned, as are finished dissertations. There is a brief description of the Department's library, which holds some 120,000 volumes focusing on Austria, Central Europe and Latin America. The site provides information for students in the University on its latest course offerings, posting course lists of currently registered undergraduates. This section of the site is unusually well organised and comprehensive, with information on available departmental resources, examination dates and deadlines all plainly posted. Site visitors should note that the English parallel site is very incomplete and the use of frames hampers rather than aids navigation.
The website of the "Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies" reflects the scope and activities of this institution, which was founded in 1961 in Canterbury to provide a school for the study of the history and structure of the family. It has developed to encompass all aspects of genealogical and heraldic research, art and practice. The site is an introduction to the institute with details of its activities including: courses; library facilities; heraldic research; palaeography; handwriting analysis; and genetic research. A search facility of the library is provided for a basic fee. Details are given of the Sussex collection, a microfiche collection of the parish records of Sussex. Links are given to other genealogical websites and the institute's own journal.
The website "Interment.net: a cemetery transcription library is database of over 3 million cemetery records taken from nearly 7,000 cemeteries around the world. This site publishes cemetery transcriptions and other information pertaining to cemeteries, for genealogists, historians, and cemetery enthusiasts. The site features articles on the subject, updates about the indexing of monuments, guides to how to record a cemetery, which can then be transcribed and published on the site. A search through the database can be performed by surname and country/county. The browse cemetert option lists the entire countryies and counties for which data exists in the database. Churchyard monumental inscriptions (MIs) relating to a particular surname, or cemetery can be located, and cemeteries can be browsed by region. Coverage is rather random, as it depends on volunteers submitting transcriptions. This also means that the quality of the transcriptions can only be verified by checking the original sites. There is quite a large number of advertisments on the page. However, this is an extremely useful tool for geneaologists and local historians.
The website "International Jewish cemetery project" is part of the excellent site "JewishGen". It is a good resource for both historians and private researchers. This section is comprehensive and allows the user to submit information on various Jewish cemeteries. Coverage is therefore, eclectic and but easy to use. The project is run by the International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies, Inc. (IAJGS), whose aim is to "catalogue every Jewish burial site throughout the world". There is useful instructional information and the site is divided into geographical sectors. Information ranges from full descriptions of burial sites with listings of the deceased to a few lines taken from a travel guide. A good site for researchers and historians of Jewish communities.
The website "Ireland's history in maps" presents maps and a history of early Irish territories, clans, tribes and placenames, including the geography of early Ireland. There is one map for each century beginning with 100 AD to 1840s, in addition to the three maps of ancient Ireland: ice ages; neolithic, bronze and iron ages; and Celtic Ireland. Each chronological map is accompanied by historical background. The site also includes: a bibliography; search facility; a clickable timeline; information on Old Irish Kingdoms and Clans, castles and Irish surnames.
This website details the lives of Irish mariners, and includes an index relating to thousands of Irish-born merchant seamen and individual voyages contained in the CR10 series of index cards in the Southampton Civic Archives. The website provides background information on how the index cards were found, catalogued and used. Of more interest are the details of several mariners from the catalogue found online: the website reproduces photographs of these men (split up by location) and, more importantly, a search option. The catalogue can be searched by surname, by forename or by identity number. The information provides includes full names, dates of birth, place of birth, and the voyages conducted. This website is a valuable tool for those interested in the lives of Irish merchant seamen or their own family history.
This website has passenger lists from over 200 ships that carried emigrants from Ireland and England to the US (mainly New York) in the 1800s and early 1900s. The site is maintained by an enthusiast.
The "Jersey and my family history" is personal website created by James Brannan, which includes information on tracing ancestors from the Channel Island, Jersey. The site reflects family history research from anywhere in the British Isles, but with the Channel Isles intricacies highlighted. Language (English-French) features are introduced, as are: Civil registration; censuses; house history; parish registers of births, marriages, and deaths; and legal records - such as those held at the National Archives, (including merchant seaman information), or the Lloyd's Register and the Lloyds List. There are also links to the websites of other Jersey genealogists. Of particular interest are the author's excellent Web pages about the maritime heritage of Jersey, especially focussing on the mariners and how to research information on these sailors and ships. One example of these ancestors being researched by the author, is one Henry Renouf, who served with Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar.
The Web Site "Jewish records indexing: Poland" is hosted by JewishGen.org and boasts one of the largest collections of information on records of the Jewish community in Poland and the lands of pre-Second World War Poland. As is pointed out on the site, this is not an archival collection of records online. It provides an index to records kept in a variety of Polish local and national archives, which is of immense use to those researching Jewish genealogy or history. It is a mine of information on how to go about carrying out this research, what kinds of records are kept by specific archives, and details of other sources such as those held by the Mormons. Over three million records have been indexed, and orders can be placed for copies of records through the site. It provides a good search with several categories and a facility that locates small villages or shtetls. There is also a comprehensive list of towns, their locations, and geographical co-ordinates. The FAQ section provides needed information on how to use the database and the research guide is posted in several languages. Special subsites include the Warsaw Cemetery Project, the Galician Records Project at the AGAD (Archiwum Glowne Akt Dawnych) archives, and the Karta Archives Project (which deals with recent history of Eastern Europe).
JewishGen is an extensive Jewish online genealogy resource aimed at researchers. The site is divided into a number of sections, each giving users access to a variety of databases and services. For example, the JewishGen Family Finder is a database that connects people who are researching the same surname; and The Family Tree of the Jewish People is useful for people who are seeking to study the distribution of families throughout the diaspora. However, JewishGen is not simply a database portal. The site contains discussion forums for those researching Jewish history and culture. This exchange of ideas is also facilitated by a section that hosts on-going projects, such as a record of the names of those killed in the Holocaust prior to and during the Second World War.
The website 'Jews of Kojetin' (Czech Republic) is a private website which focuses on the history of a small Moravian Jewish community which no longer exists, the population having been deported to concentration camps in 1942. Based on the web designer's genealogical interest, the site is quite personally focussed. However, it may be valuable to historians who specialise in Moravian and Czech Jewry and in the Holocaust -- as well as to those members of the general public who take an interest in this topic. A 1929 history of the community is provided online, with citations of archival sources going back to 1566. There is an interesting scanned map of the town dated from 1700. An account of a recent visit to the town in 2001 by site contributors is anecdotal -- like the accounts of the history of the preservation of four Torah scrolls from the town during and after the Second World War -- but these accounts nonetheless provide a continuity with the history provided. Care should be taken in this respect to independently verify all sources. Navigation is marred by the use of varied colours and fonts and by pop-ups .
The John and James Booker Civil War letters website provides access to digital facsimiles of twenty-two letters that they wrote to their cousin during the American Civil War. The letters are presented in two different ways. There is an original version which retains the period spelling, capitalisation and punctuation. The modernised version has modernised spelling, capitalisation and punctuation but does retain the original grammar. Both sets of letters include notes about people, places and events. Each letter is also accompanied by a summary of the contents. It is possible to search the letters. The website includes a collection guide which provides biographical details of the brothers and their cousin, and information about the regiment that they served in.bThe guide provides an overview of the themes in the letters and places them into the context of the period. There is also a description of the manuscript holdings. The website has facsimile copies of the Booker and Blair family records in original, modernised and summary versions. The John and James Booker Civil War Letters forms part of the electronic text centre at the University of Virginia.
'The Last Picture Show' is a well-designed academic website that seeks to investigate the question "Is the way photographs are collected and stored changing forever as the digital age takes an ever-firmer grip on traditional 'snap-shot' photography?". It has been created as "an artist initiated research project" by Marjolaine Ryley. This free website contains four full-text essays or talks by Ryley, including an "extended version of a talk given at ... The National Portrait Gallery, 2006". The website hosts online galleries by eight visual artists whose work takes family photography as its subject matter. There is also ten galleries of what appear to be antique 'found' family photographs. There are selected links to external websites.
This website contains the e-text version of a collection of letters written between Nicholas II of Russia and his wife Alexandra during the period of World War One (1914-1917). These sources confirm the popular image of Nicholas and Alexandra as having shared a true romance. They wrote faithfully to each other whenever they were apart. Their letters add greatly to the understanding of events leading to their murders during the revolution. They show Nicholas's reluctance to rule and Alexandra's influence on her husband politically. Preserved by the Bolshevik government after the Bolshevik Revolution, the letters serve as important historical evidence of Nicholas' political ideas, and add to the tragedy of the royal family's murder.
The Local History Magazine website has a range of features. The site provides details of the Local History Magazine, with tables of contents from 1984 to the present. As well as providing information on the subscription-based journal the site also has a useful selection of free resources. These resources include a guide on getting started in local history and hundreds of links to local history websites. These links cover: national organisations; libraries and museums; archive repositories; archaeology sites; genealogy sites; historical sites; miscellaneous; and international sites. The site also maintains a list of local history societies and another list of relevant courses at over 70 universities and colleges. Other features of the site include a news section and information on how to subscribe to the Local History Magazine. A Local History Calendar that details future local history events, is also available online. Events can be submitted for inclusion.
The London Metropolitan Archives (LMA) website provides a variety of information about the facilities that they have to offer. There is some general information about the London Metropolitan Archives and a section with the latest news. Details are given on the location, opening hours, enquiry service and reprographics service. Information is provided on how to make the most of a visit to the archive and also of their family research service. Information leaflets on sources available from the London Metropolitan Archives can be downloaded (in PDF) from the site. These include leaflets on family history, history of nursing, patient records in London hospital and Middlesex Deeds Registry. An online catalogue has been made available recently, together with Civil Registration indexes. The LMA have also begun to contribute records to the AIM 25, a database of collections in London and M25 area archives.
The Long, Long Trail is a website compiled and edited by Chris Baker, a member of the University of Birmingham's Centre for First World War Studies. The site is an attempt to present information about the British Army's contribution to the First World War in a clear, scholarly and unemotive manner. In addition to orders of battle and technical details, there are extensive sections on the life of a soldier, and virtual tours of the battlefields. A useful resource for: genealogists; military historians; students; and those with a general interest in the First World War, the site provides a good starting point for research. There are also notice boards and discussion lists for researchers who wish to ask more specialist questions of the site's community of readers.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Marital Breakdown in Scotland, 1684-1832" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as plain text. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The aim of the project was to transcribe and analyse the records of all cases of divorce, separation and annulment in the Edinburgh Commissary Court between 1684 and 1832 (the period for which registers of extracted decrees are available). The data consist of transcriptions of the gist of all successful and unsuccessful cases of divorce, separation, nullity and simple adherence in the process papers and registers of decrees for the Edinburgh Commissary Court between 1684 and 1832. Topics covered include marital breakdown and domestic violence.
The Maritime Heritage Project and its interesting website are run by an enthusiast dedicated to preserving the history of California's shipping from the 1850s to the turn of the century. The project focuses on steamships serving the West Coast of the United States, their captains, and passengers. The site contains a search engine for 30,000 ships, captains and passengers; a record of sailings in alphabetical order; information on barques, brigs, ships, clippers, steamships and ship wrecks; captains sailing from the Port of San Francisco; VIPs and ports. There is a blog, which is little used. The site also contains books and links to sites of further interest.
The National Maritime Museum publishes the Maritime Memorials website, an online database containing over 4000 records of those who have died at sea. The records cover church, cemetery and public memorials to seafarers and victims of maritime disasters, and include many important works by prominent sculptors and designers. The records can be browsed by category - topics, maritime cause of death, event, location and photographs, with sub-categories that include cannibalism, emigration, exploration, smuggling, maritime accidents, war casualties, and wars from the sixteenth to the twentieth century. There is also an advanced search facility, which allows the content to be searched by name, vessel, rank/occupation, place, city and artist. The database is not yet comprehensive, and as a consequence on the website there is an online form for people to submit the details of memorials not yet listed.
This website accompanies the TV series "Cof Patagonia" broadcast on S4C about the history of the Welsh colony in Patagonia (Argentina) through a series of interviews and photos. The programmes focus on the twentieth century, including the interest shown by some Patagonians at the end of the last century to consider their own past and the Welsh language. There is information about the historical context of the Welsh colony, with a time line to explain some of the main events. There is also a bibliography and some links to relevant websites, including an excellent if brief guide to discovering more about any family history links with the region. This website is a good starting place for learning about the Welsh in Patagonia.
The Web Site "The Miriam Weiner routes to roots foundation, Inc." has been published online by Miriam Wiener, an accredited Jewish genealogist and author of several books on Jewish genealogy. The site caters mainly for those who are trying to trace their family history in the lands that now make up Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, and Moldova. This site features much good advice about the archives, archivists, commissioning research, and accessing archives. The author of Jewish Roots in Poland, and Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova, has placed chapters of the books online along with a couple of maps. The book chapters provide more detailed information on the holdings of the archives, essential, since the records for one area could easily be located in many different archives, due to Eastern and Central Europe's chequered history. A good site for those carrying out research on the Jewish community in the so-called Kresy, or Eastern Borderlands.
This is a local history site - concerned with Worcestershire and Gloucestershire - compiled and edited by enthusiast historian Malcolm Farmer. The site is divided into several sections: war memorials - listings of names on war memorials in Worcestershire, Gloucestershire, Warwickshire and Herefordshire; church names - lists of church incumbents; browsable and non-browsable 19th century English maps. The quality of the maps is excellent, and the site is generally quick to load. The site also includes links to external sites devoted to UK war memorials.
The website "Moving Here; 200 Years of Migration in England" is funded by the New Opportunities Fund and published in collaboration with The National Archives. It is a gateway for resources on immigration to England during the last two hundred years, concentrating on four main immigrant groups, tracing Caribbean, Jewish, Irish and South Asian roots. The site features a range of resources, including photographs, personal papers, government documents, maps, and audio and video clips, which can be searched through the online catalogue available on the site. Original handwritten documents can be downloaded in PDF format. There are also two Histories Galleries, Migration Histories and Tracing Your Roots. The first gallery provides background information on each migrant group, looking at the reasons why people emigrated, and the patterns of settlement in England. The second gallery provides excellent and extremely helpful information on undertaking genealogical research, with comprehensive general information, and separate sections that look at how to research Caribbean, Jewish, Irish and South Asian immigrants' family trees. The site also includes a growing range of stories of people's experiences of moving to England. The Multimart game is a fun way of learning about difference recipes.
The DocumentsOnline website provides access to almost a million digitised public records held at The National Archives, which are pertinent to both academic and genealogical research. The index can be searched for free, and digital images of records can be downloaded for a small fee. The complete index can be searched, or separate sections can be browsed for a more specific content search. The browse categories are broken into two main sections, Family History, where users can search through wills, and Other Records, which contains a wide range of primary source material. The material in Other Records falls into six categories, including: New Releases, containing the New Year's Openings, which are the most recently released government documents; Society and Law, containing legal records like title deeds as well as documents relating to crime, disasters and immigration (including convict transportation lists); and Military and Defence, which holds resources on espionage, propaganda and defence policy. The remaining categories are Home and Foreign Affairs, which holds records on domestic and foreign political policy; Art, Recreation and Travel, containing material related to the arts, including documents relating to Oscar Wilde and Charlie Chaplin; and Science and Environment, which contains records on scientific research.
The exhibitions (formerly the 'Pathways to the Past') section of the National Archives website is intended as a learning resource, introducing the study of history and historical records and acting as a guide to relevant resources held by The National Archives (TNA) for various types of historical research. The site is aimed particularly at undergraduate historians, adults taking evening classes, and members of the public interested in family history.The site is divided into sections: treasures (looking at the classic and important documents held by TNA); Nelson, Trafalgar and those who served; Public Information films; the Art of War; First World War; and British battles. Each area covered demonstrates applicable research techniques. The sections are very clearly presented and offer comprehensive and well-structured guides to research. The 'treasures' section is beautifully presented, but does not go into great depth, offering a broad narrative background rather than detailed investigations. It will prove most useful for those requiring a summary or starting point for further study. Each section includes digitised images of sample documents, and there are some multimedia presentations available to those with the relevant plug-ins, which may be downloaded from the site.
The website 'National Archives: Looking for records of an emigrant' is a guide from The National Archives concerning the resources available to research Britons overseas from the 19th century onwards, and covers birth, marriage and death registration; and births, marriages, and deaths at sea. From early days as traders and explorers, there is reference to merchants, businessmen and the military. The site details the various archival funds and online sections of the site where one can find desired information. Some of the material can be downloaded for a small fee.
The website 'National Archives: Looking for records of merchants ships' is a guide from The National Archives focuses on the Merchant Navy and provides simple advice on locating and researching information. Further information is provided on the Register of Seamen, 1835-1857, 1857-1917 and after 1917; the Central Register, 1913-1972; seamen apprentices; records of officers and agreements and crew lists mercantile navy crew lists. Books and logs can be downloaded against a smalll fee from the DocumentsOnline subsite of the National Archives pages.
This page is part of the site of The National Archives and focuses on voyages undertaken by Merchant Navy officers, which until 1888 were recorded in an abbreviated form. Information on decoding such information is given on the site, using examples taken from Home and Foreign Trade voyages.
Part of a series of Information Leaflets produced by The National Archives, this provides a guide to interpreting the entries for seamen in the Registers of Seamen Series II at The National Archives. There is information about home trade voyages and foreign trade voyages along with two examples of records and how to decipher them. Other information leaflets about merchant seamen are available on The National Archives website.
This leaflet looks at the 10% random sample of the crew lists dating from 1861 held by The National Archives. Many have been preserved at other archives, and information on the holdings of the National Maritime Museum and the Maritime History Archive, Memorial University of Newfoundland are given. The leaflet ends with a list of County Record Offices holding crew lists for the years 1863 to 1913, and information on Merchant Ships' Logs 1857 - 1990.
This leaflet briefly introduces the system of rewards before looking at the six medals granted for gallantry at sea by the time of the Second World War: Albert Medal (in Gold and Bronze); Board of Trade Silver and Bronze Medals for Gallantry in saving life at sea; and Board of Trade Gold and Silver Medals for Foreign Services. The leaflet covers the Egyptian Medal and the Sea Transport Medal, before turning to the four medals awarded to merchant seamen during the First World War: 1914-1915 Star; British War Medal; Victory Medal; and Mercantile Marine Medal. The leaflet ends by outlining information currently available on awards presented during the Second World War.
This leaflet describes how to trace information on masters and mates from records held by The National Archives. It looks at the Alphabetical Register of Masters (1845-1854); the system of Voluntary Examinations (1845-1850); and Certificates of Competency and Service (1845-1921), with details of the type of information given. Information on masters and mates certificates include a table showing the type of certificate as indicated by the certificate number. The leaflet also covers the certification of skippers and mates of fishing vessels, and of engineers and cooks. The leaflet describes changes to the system of recording the issue of certificates from around 1913, and outlines the arrangement of the entries. Finally, information on the Lloyd's Captains' Register (1851-1947) is given. A source for further reading is included.
This leaflet provides guidance in tracing information about masters, mates or seamen from various attempts to register merchant seamen in records held by The National Archives. The leaflet looks in turn at the four series of registers: Register of Seamen, Series I (1835-1836) and Series II (1835-1844); Register of Seamen's Tickets (1845-1854); and Register of Seamen, Series III (1853-1857). In each case, the arrangement of the entries is described and an example of a typical index entry is given. A source for further reading is included.
This leaflet looks at the information to be found in the Fourth Register of Seamen, started in October 1913 and continued until 1941. The register includes details of all categories of people (men and women) employed at sea, not just ordinary seamen, but also mates, engineers, trimmers, stewards, cooks etc. The leaflet explains how to use the microfiches and how to locate a seafarer serving between 1913-1918 and 1918-1921. It looks at the process of finding all the entries for a seafarer, 1921-1941. In each case, examples illustrate the information to be found on the cards. The leaflet outlines how to find information on particular ships and gives reasons why it may not be possible to find records.
Produced by The National Archives, this leaflet looks at the crews of merchant ships. It looks in turn at: early musters; surviving musters filed by certain ports, 1747-1834; and agreements and crew lists filed with the Register Office of Merchant Seamen between 1835-1860. The latter is sub-divided into the periods 1835-1844, 1845-1856 and 1857-1860, depending on the types of crew list to be found. Information on understanding the entries is given, as are sources for further reading. The leaflet also covers log books and discharge certificates.
Part of a series of leaflets providing guidance in tracing individuals who served in the Royal Marines, this leaflet looks at sources not covered by the other leaflets. It looks at: casualties (1893-1956) including Registers of Deaths in Ships and Registers of Killed and Wounded; records of medals; service records for the Coastguard Service (1900-1923); Second World War war diaries and Prisoners of War; Courts Martial; pension records; wills; records of births, deaths, marriages and next-of-kin; and effective and subsistence lists (1688-1837). Nine sources for further reading are also included.
The three main series of records held at The National Archives can be used in researching the service record of a Marine - Attestation Forms, Description Books and Records of Service - are each arranged by Division. This leaflet describes five methods to find out in which Division a man served, depending on what information is already known about the individual (for example: medal entitlements; name of a ship he served on, and the date; his Company number, and a date). The leaflet also describes what a Division is, with details of records describing policy matters, including the raising and deployment of marine companies. A table outlines the arrangement of Divisional Headquarters' letter books, and the records of the Royal Marine Office (RMO) are also described.
This leaflet from The National Archives begins by setting out the limitations of naval logs in providing personal information on the officers and crew of a particular ship. The reports of proceedings and captain's letters are more informative. The leaflet covers: Admirals' Journals (1702-1916); Masters' Logs (1672-1871); Captains' Logs (1669-1852); Lieutenants' Logs; voyages of exploration (1757-1904); Ships' Logs (1799-1967), kept by the Officer of the Watch for all naval ships including battleships, aircraft carriers, cruisers and armed merchant cruisers; Submarines' Logs (1914-1967); Surgeons' Logs (1785-1963); and Captains' Letters and Reports of Proceedings submitted to the Admiralty.
Beginning with the Navy Lists, this help sheet goes on to examine the types of record in which it is possible to find details of an Officer's service: Registers of Officers' Services (1756-1966); Returns of Officers' Service (1817 and 1846); Passing Certificates; Certificates of Service (1802-1894); Full and Half Pay Registers (1697-1924); Wives and Next-of-Kin; and Black Books, Leave Books and Examinations. Help with the types of information to be found in each is also given.
One of a series of Information Leaflets available on the PRO section of the National Archive website. Royal Navy Operational Records for the period 1660 to 1914 include records of incoming and outgoing correspondence of the Admiralty Board, as well as cases (files on important subjects)and minutes of Admiral Boards and Lord Admirals' Councils. There are also records from the Secretaries of State and Navy Board, station records, logs and journals, stations and movements of HM Ships, and shipbuilding and repair records.
The website 'National Archives DocumentsOnline: Royal Navy Service Records' is a guide from The National Archives focuses on the Royal Navy and provides simple advice on locating and researching Royal Navy documents for the period 1853-1923. Information covered includes Officers' records of service, navy officers, surveys of officers, examinations and passing certificates of naval officers: and what to do if an officer's service record cannot be found.
The Transportation Records Database is published on The National Archives of Ireland website, and it provides online access to a searchable index of transportation records. The records relate to the transportation of convicts from Ireland to Australia during the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and have been compiled from transportation registers and petitions for pardon or commutation of the sentence. The convict petitions date from 1791, but the transportation registers only cover 1836-1868 because previous records were destroyed. The database is searched by keyword, and the records generally provide information such as the name of the convicted, their age, the location of the trial, the crime, the sentence, the trial date, and also sometimes the name of the ship the convict was transported on. Also on the site are links to a couple of articles on Irish transportation.
The National Archives of England, Wales and the United Kingdom was formed by bringing together the Public Record Office and the Historical Manuscripts Commission. It is one of the world's largest archival collections covering 1000 years of British history, from 1086 to the present day, holding records of central government and the courts of law. The website of The National Archives provides a wealth of information about its activities and collections. The site hosts online exhibitions, audio podcasts and a virtual museum. There is information about opening hours, locations and events. The site provides a host of information for current and potential readers including online information leaflets, details of how to plan a visit and services that The National Archives offers. Also available is an online catalogue which contains over eleven million document references. It is possible to either search or browse the catalogue and online help is available.
The Podcasts webpage from The National Archives provides free access to a range of podcasts based on talks and lectures given there on historical and archival issues. Some of the podcasts are given by prominent historians, including Professors David Carpenter, Barry Coward and Richard Holmes, whilst others are given by staff of The National Archives. Celebrities such as Colin Jackson also comment on their involvement in TV genealogy programmes. Topics covered include Immigration, the creation of Iraq, Magna Carta, Richard III, Henry VIII, as well as sources for various problems facing family historians such as wills and workhouses. These podcasts are an excellent resource and will be useful to students, researchers and family historians, especially those who are new to the selected topic. As the podcasts are taken from talks, the speaker sometimes refers to illustrations which the online user cannot see. The podcasts can be sorted by title; the sort by date facility does not work.
The website of the National Ex-Prisoner of War Association provides information on and for British prisoners of war, mostly from the Second World War and is an invaluable resource for anyone interested in military history. This is a large and detailed site, well laid out and with a variety of resources including photos and personal recollections. FAQ is an excellent starting point for users coming to the website, or new to the topic. The following sections are of most of use to researchers: Book Reviews, which covers both the First and Second World Wars and Quarterly Newsletters, which will help anyone trying to trace POWs, or interested in photos from the camps. Links provides a list of resources available worldwide, whilst Photo Galleries has some excellent images. POW Camp List provides an invaluable list of the camps in Germany, Poland, France, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Ukraine, Finland, Norway, Denmark, Luxemburg, Belgium, Holland, Romania, Holland, Italy, Greece and Yugoslavia in the Second World War. The Association is a registered charity.
The website "National Genealogical Society" represents an American organisation for amateur and professional family historians. According to its vision statement, the society is a 'resource for genealogists and family historians seeking excellence in educational offerings, publications and materials, research and research guidance, and opportunities to interact with others.' The website contains information about membership of the society, services offered, articles on ethical standards in genealogical research, and information about the society's premises - Glebe House. Membership is by subscription.
Compiled by the Canadian government's Department of National Defence's Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH) and the Organization of Military Museums of Canada (OMMC), this is the website for a project called the National Inventory of Canadian Military Memorials (NICMM). This project is an attempt to catalogue every military memorial across Canada. When memorials were built after the World Wars, each community followed their own dictates as to the type or placement of a memorial, if one was built at all. There was no effort to track which communities had built a memorial or to confirm the information found on them. The NICMM hopes to catalogue not just the major monuments usually found near government buildings, but also the smaller memorials such as plaques, stained glass windows, or certificates and other memorials often located in churches, schools, community halls and public buildings. They also hope to capture all the names listed on these memorials in order to build a proper database of those courageous men and women who lost their lives for the freedom of Canada. The project is collecting detailed photographs of each memorial, so that the the text on the memorial can be transcribed and to provide a digital database of this information for research and historical purposes. There are almost 6,000 military memorials in the database at the present time that can be browsed by province and then municipality; an advanced search option is also available. For the more detailed records, the text on the memorial and images are provided. It is possible to register a memorial that is not already recorded in the database.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'National Sample from the 1881 Censuses of Great Britain' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to download from the HDS (registration required). This computerised transcription of the census enumerators' books for the 1881 Census for England, Scotland and Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man is a by-product of a project to create a microfiche index of the population of Great Britain for genealogists. Covering the entire enumerated population of England, Scotland and Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man in 1881, it is the largest collection of historical source material to be made available in computerised form. The data consists of the name, address, relationship to the head of household, marital status, age, occupation and birthplace of some 26 million individuals, together with information about disabilities. In 1999 the Genealogical Society of Utah published a version of this computerised transcription as a CD-ROM product suitable for genealogical research (Genealogical Society of Utah (1999) 1881 British census and national index. [25 CDs]. Salt Lake City, Utah: GSU). This study is an enriched version of these data. The sample is a 5 per cent random sample of the parishes of Great Britain. The sample was chosen in the simplest manner possible. A list of all the parishes in England, Wales, Scotland and the Islands in the British Seas was created; using a random number generator in Microsoft Excel, a random number between zero and one was allocated to each parish. All those less than or equal to 0.05 were selected for the sample. The records relating to the individuals in each of these parishes were then extracted from the data and combined in a database. Tables B1 and B3 in Appendix B of the documentation list the 716 parishes in the sample. Main Topics are: Main variables PRO reference; piece number; folio number; page number; county; parish; address; surname; first name; relationship to head of household; marital status; gender; age; occupation; place of birth; disabilities.
The Naval Biographical Database is a private online project that aims to compile accurate bibliographical information on all the individuals who have served in the Royal Navy since 1660. There are currently more than 10,000 people catalogued, and there is also a listing of ships as well from 1660 to early 19th Century. The entire database is not accessible by users. The search facility is free, and the basic details of an individual (such as name, rank and dates), but for more detailed information users do have to pay, although this is not explicit when first browsing the site. In addition to the search facility the site also contains a lot of information about the project and its progress. This site also provides links to sites related to maritime research and genealogy. On the whole it is a useful site.
The Newspaper Detectives is a website listing names of individuals entered in the Surrey Advertiser between 1864-1872. The Surrey Advertiser began publication in April 1964, initially as a fortnightly then as a weekly newspaper for the county. Each name is indexed by date of appearance in the newspaper, reason for its appearance, location and town. The reasons for appearance cover births; deaths; trades and professions; auctions; sales of houses and articles; public notices; advertisements; local news; foreign news; meetings; and parish news. The newspaper included regions such as Guildford; Petersfield; Kingston; Woking; Horsham; Brighton; Chichester; London; Brigton; and some foreign countries. The editors explain the logic of this database and how it is based used. The site provides a few links to similar projects with local newspapers in the UK. The site suffers from a very annoying pop-up but its editors need support for the maintainance of the site.
The Web Site "Elie Wiesel" is published by the Nobel Foundation, in honour of the laureate of the Peace Prize in 1986. Elie Wiesel, born in Sighet (now in Romania) in 1928, enjoyed world renown as an author, journalist, academic, and chairman of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council. Wiesel is probably most famous for his work "La Nuit" (The Night) published in 1958, which detailed his experiences during the Holocaust in German concentration and extermination camps. The site contains a potted biography of Wiesel, the press release announcing the prize, and the presentation speech. His Nobel lecture at the Nobel Centennial Symposia (2001) is also online and provides an excellent resource for those studying Wiesel and his work.
This amateur site provides free access to the major maps of London from the thirteenth to the nineteenth century. Although the site is dominated by adverts which can make it difficult to navigate, the maps are good quality and it is possible to zoom right in to small details. It is a useful resource for those new to London maps, interested in the history of the city or family and local history, rather than for those with a professional interest in the development of cartography. The site also includes brief articles on diverse aspects of London history. However, as no sources are given for this information, it may be less reliable.
This site contains information on passenger lists for ports of arrival in the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, and South Africa. It is also possible to search by the year of arrival. There are also sections of information on USA and Canadian military history. The site is maintained by an enthusiast.
Ozships : Australian Shipping 1788 to 1968 is an enthusiast's website that provides users with free access to details of shipping arrivals and departures and passenger lists for both Australia and New Zealand. Over 66,000 entries relate to shipping arrivals and departures and there is information for over 92,000 passengers. The data is taken from shipping gazettes, trade lists, newspapers, logs and other archival material. Each entry contains the name of the ship, the arrival or departure date, port of origin and destination, if known, plus other details. There are also passenger, convict and crew lists. Passenger lists are accessed through the name of the vessel they travelled on and are not comprehensive. A CD of the database is available to buy. Since late 2008, the site has been undergoing an overhaul and updating its links to accompany its new name of Ozships.
"Pagina domestica curiosa reformata et amplificata...Rafał Prinke" is the home page of Rafał Prinke, an academic at the Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań. It features information on magic and hermetics, genealogy, and history. The site contains information in Polish, English and Enochian. The genealogy section focuses on Poland and a useful section on administrative units in seventeenth and eighteenth century Poland, Latin and Polish names of professions and programmes for the manipulation of genealogical data. The hermetics and magic section of the site is probably of most use to the user. Here Prinke has placed work in English and links to sites on John Dee and Enochian, as well as an introductory bibliography of Enochian texts and the diary manuscripts of John Dee. The author has also posted his own articles on the subjects published in various academic journals.
The website Parish Church Montage pages Cotswolds area aims to provide a resource which connects researchers interested in the same area and offer some resources to aid that research. In the first section dedicated to the local parish churches, the site announces that it holds over 8,000 images of churches, "interiors, exteriors, font, monuments and stained glass" from the Cotswolds. These photographs are part of the Gloucestershire Photograph Library, hosted by allthecotswolds.com. In its genealogical section, the site contains over 150 census reports from 1827 to 1881 from towns and villages in the Cotswolds. Researcher pages link genealogical researchers from Gloucestershire; Worcestershire; Warwickshire; Wiltshire; Oxfordshire; and North Somerset. Links are given to local family history societies; UK genealogy magazines; and an archive of genealogical books transferred to CD. The site contains the Parish of Blockley official web pages, a small village in the Cotswolds. It also includes pages detailing the results of 339 church studies in Goucestershire. This is an enthusiast site and visually too flashy.
Contained here is a directory of ships bringing passengers to Western Australia. Information provided includes the port the ship departed from (mostly a British port) and the numbers of passengers carried. Where available there is a list of passenger names that the ship carried. There is also information about the convicts that came to Western Australia between 1850 and 1868. An enthusiast maintains the site.
This research guide, produced by the National Maritime Museum (NMM), is part of a series intended to help people who wish to carry out their own research. It provides basic information on how to research specific passengers. The introduction explains the problems associated with tracing individual passengers and outlines the records available at the NMM and the National Archives.
Part of the Plymouth Council website, these pages provide information about the types of archives located at the Plymouth and West Devon Record Office. These run back to the late 1100s and include: deeds; charters; minute books; private papers; manorial documents; reports; diaries; financial records; maps; plans; photographs; card indexes; as well as sources on microfilm and microfiche. Separate subsites describe in greater detail local cemetery records; various family history indexes; parish records; school documents; prison registers; and local and naval studies. Business records include details of the Plymouth Dock Water Company, the Plymouth Great Western Dock Company, the Sutton Harbour Improvement Company, and Torpoint Steam Ferry Company. The archive holds personal records, such as the journals, diaries and letters of naval officers. The site additionally offers a photo gallery, with samples from the record office's collections.
Users can search for detailed information in the site's online archive catalogue. A special page provides archival contacts who can help genealogists with their research. There is also a link to a cyberlibrary and to the index of records held in Plymouth on the Historic Manuscript Commission's National Register of Archives database. Contact details and visitor information are provided, as are relevant links.
The Web Site of the Regional Archives of Maribor provides the usual information about the access, opening times, location, and holdings of the Slovenian archive. The site is in Slovene with an introductory page in English and German. The archive was founded in 1933 and holds documents dating from 1246 to 1865. Among the holdings are documents on Jewish matters, the revolution in Slovenian Styria in 1918-1919, and manorial and monastic records from the fifteenth century. The site details the publications of the staff, and exhibition catalogues. However, of great use to the researcher is the online database of the archival fonds.
The Web Site "The Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences in Canada" has versions in Polish, English and French. It provides information on the Polish activities of the institute and the Polish Library in Montreal and McGill University. Created in 1943, the institute has become a focal point for the Polish community in Montreal and its environs. The site provides information on the objectives and historical background of the institute, the Canadian Foundation for Polish Studies, a wonderful virtual gallery of Polish prints (1918-1939), links to Poland on the Internet, and the Polish Academic Information Center. Of great use to historians and researchers is the information on archival sources for the study of Polish Canadians. A good site for those carrying out research on the history of Polonia, Canada, and Polish Studies.
Located in the same building as the Portsmouth City Museum, the Records Office holds the archives of Portsmouth City Council among other records. This site contains information about carrying out research as well as a guide to the local history sources in Word format. Archives include naval records such as service certificates; letters of navy personnel; records of the Royal Sailors Rest and the Royal Marine and Naval Orphanage; the Naval & Lily Lambert McCarthy Collection on the history of navies worldwide; and published transcripts of operational records in volumes issued by the Navy Records Society. Visitor information and contact details are provided.
This website documents the war time experiences of Frank Larkin, a member of the Australian Armed Forces during World War Two. The website tells the story of his capture by the Japanese during the battle of the Muar in January, 1942 and of his time in various prisons and camps in Malaya, Singapore, Thailand and Japan. The website has been created by Frank Larkin's son, and provides a great wealth of resources relating to both the personal experiences of Larkin and, significantly, a great number of items of more generalist interest. There are, for example, details of the letters received from the Australian military and Red Cross relating to Larkin's imprisonment, as well as a great many photographs of the Prisoner of War camps and items used during the Second World War. The website presents a vast amount of very detailed, very personal, and very interesting research and will be of great value to anyone interested in the Australian effort during the Second World War in particular.
This e-learning resource explores some of the problems facing the authorities and inhabitants of Nottingham in the mid-nineteenth century. The site includes images and/or transcripts of original archive materials including parliamentary reports, borough records, correspondence, and biographical information, maps and photographs, and a set of five lesson plans and resources for Key Stage 3GCSE History. The main part of the website is split into three sections (Mid-Nineteenth Century Housing in Nottingham; Water Supplies and Sewerage; and Disease and Death). There is also a glossary of terms, a very useful 'further reading' section and a time-line from the late seventeenth century to the late nineteenth century.
The Freeholders' Records site is published by the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI). The project involved the digitisation of around 5,500 pages from pre-1840 Registers and Poll Books that list the names and details of all those entitled to vote, or who voted at elections in Ireland, and the provision of an index of names linked to the high-quality digitised images. This provides wider and easier access to a unique resource for family and local history and for historical research. The records are arranged according to counties. Search tips and hints are offered on the site; the authors of the site encourage users to fill out the data amendment form for any comments and suggestion concerning the entries. The digitised records can be printed from the site using the freely available plug-in. The Freeholders' Records represents a valuable Irish history resource, relevant to genealogists as well as those researching the social, political and economic history of Northern Ireland during the 18th and early 19th centuries.
This is an online database of immigrant passenger arrivals in the Taranaki region of New Zealand in the nineteenth century. It is jointly published by the Puke Ariki cultural centre and the New Plymouth Genealogy Group. The site allows users to search for passenger arrivals between 1852 and 1885 by surname, first name, ships name and date. The results give details of the passenger's name, ship, date, direction, port of arrival, port of departure and the date the arrival was published in the newspaper. This is a useful resource for genealogists and colonial and immigration history.
This website, built on a PhD study investigating Internet genealogy resources, their use and their users, and the implications for Local Studies Libraries, provides details on the PhD thesis (including important dates, the thesis proposal, aims and objectives and so on), links to various related and helpful websites, details of the survey carried out on the website (which opens in a separate window and requires PDF), and details of what has been happening on the website. The results of the survey are likely to be of greatest interest to users, as it provides details of the users of genealogical websites and what their expectations, age ranges, gender, location and so on are.
Roll of Honour is a site dedicated to the memory of soldiers recorded on numerous memorials around Britain and overseas. Records are provided within a variety of counties including: Bedfordshire; Buckinghamshire; Cambridgeshire; Hutingdonshire; Lincolnshire; Northamptonshire; and Norfolk. Other counties and overseas memorials are included but only in limited detail. They can be accessed easily from the top panel of the main page which has icons for the main regions covered by databases. The comprehensive documentation of the memorials provides photographs of the memorial; details of the men included; and their photograph if possible. The search facility enbles users to search the database for those who died in the Boer War; the First World War; and the Second World War. The site also gives general histories to these conflicts. Links to army; navy; and airforce sites are provided. News from the various counties updates users on developments and the new documentation of memorials. The site hosts a number of databases with the casualties among British soldiers and British citizens in some of the more recent military conflicts and event: Malaysia and Commonwealth Deaths 1949-1963; Korean War casualties 1950-1953; Falkland War Deaths 1982; Cypres Emergency Deaths 1955-1960; Northern Ireland deaths 1971-2000. Links to other online resources and websites are offered.
The website "RootsWeb" is the Internet's oldest and largest free genealogical community. The genealogical resources includes searchable databases, free Web space, mailing lists, and message boards. The website is mainly of use to those seeking information about ancestors located in the United States and is funded by Ancestry.com. It is an excellent resource for genealogists and historians. There is useful software for creating a personal website and RootsWeb contains extensive interactive guides and numerous research tools for tracing family histories. Also linked to this site is the WorldConnect project which publishes here more than 209 million ancestor names. There is an extremely useful Surname List consisting of a registry of more than 1 million surnames. There are also over 20,000 mailing lists and 125,000 message boards. The site has the most impressive collection of links to similar sites all over the world.
The website "Rothschild Archive" introduces this institution based in London. It holds over two million items drawn together from the history of the Rothschild banks and family. At the core of the Archive lie the records of the firm of NM Rothschild & Sons, the London branch of the banking dynasty, supplemented by a growing range of acquisitions of papers from members of the Rothschild family. The Archive represents possibly the most detailed surviving record of an international banking operation in the 19th and early 20th centuries and of a family with artistic, charitable and scientific interests at the heart of European society. The website provides a bibliography of works on the Rothschild family, details of bursaries available for study at the archive, key dates in the history of the family, and news. The annual publication, the "Rothschild Archive. Review of the Year" is offered online with full-text articles in PDF format. The guide to the archival papers is divided up into sections as follows: Nathan Mayer Rothschild in Manchester; Accounts; American; Bookeepers; Bullion; Cashiers; Correspondence; Estates; Loans; Stock; Family Records; and Records of Other Houses. This archive is of great use to those researching economic, social, and family history. In order to make this unique collection more available to researchers from around the world, the Rothschild Archive in partnership with Waddesdon Manor (which also houses a wonderful collection of artifacts) has launched its free online Rothschild Research Forum. Registered members will have access to articles, finding aids, transcripts and virtual exhibitions, and have the opportunity to communicate with other researchers through the Forum's message board. The site also features an only exhibition dedicated to the anniversary of 150 years since Lionel Rothschild was elected MP in the British Parliament for the City of London. The research project on Jewish philantropy and charitable activity in Europe received funding from the AHRC.
One of a series of Research Guides available on The National Archives website, these pages provide details of the records of the naval nursing services and includes a brief summary of their development and regulation from 1883 onwards, when untrained male nurses were replaced by a systematized corps of trained female nurses. The guides here will prove an excellent starting point for researchers in military, social and medical history. Records cover the following areas: nurses at the Royal Greenwich Hospital, 1704-1865; nurses' Records, 1884 onwards; and policy records. These resources can be pre-ordered from the site fairly easily; however, there is no archival information here at the file or piece level.
One of several Research Guides available on the National Archives Website, this page contains details of the professional bodies responsible for payment of naval pensions to warrant officers in the Royal Navy. Historians conducting research in this field will therefore find files here on the workings of the Navy Pay Office; the Admiralty; the Chatham Chest (later the Greenwich Chest); the Royal Greenwich Hospital; the Charity for the Payment of Pensions to Widows of Sea Officers; the Secretaries of State; and the Privy Council. There are details of collections here which span the 17th to 20th centuries, and which contain full pay and half pay records and certificates of service. Pension records consist of Superannuation Pensions, Wounds and Disability Pensions, and Widows' Pensions. There are also records of the dependents of Warrant Officers eligible for the Compassionate List and other miscellaneous pension records. Researchers can pre-order collections online, but there is no archival information here on the file or individual piece levels.
This extensive website provides an alphabetical list of members of the various royal households in Britain's past. More than that, however, the website provides a mini-biography of every one of the entries in the database. The website can be easily browsed (by name, title, place, event, note, succession, kinship) or searched by keyword. The years of birth and death, and any other relevant information, are given when known. Perhaps the greatest strength of this significant resource is the ability to view the family tree of any person in the database. This provides unparalleled ease-of-use when analysing the family history of the various royal households (including the households of the United Kingdom, of England, and of Scotland and there various connections throughout). The wealth of information provided may be a little too complex for users not familiar with the history of the United Kingdom, or the royal families, but this is nevertheless a hugely significant and valuable online resource.
The Ruhleben Story website collates information on the internee camp established at Ruhleben, Germany, in 1914-1918. It currently provides evidence for around 1400 of the 5500 internees, including prominent British musicians, scientists and footballers, besides holidaymakers, merchant seamen and foreign nationals. The internees are listed alphabetically; the amount of detail provided for each varies widely, depending on the evidence available. Run by a relative of one of the internees, this is an amateur site that makes good use of the available primary and secondary sources, including government records, newspaper articles and personal material, such as the camp magazine, sketches and photographs. It is a unique resource for the history of this now-forgotten aspect of the First World War, particularly given the difficulty of obtaining contemporary accounts of Ruhleben and the lack of a modern study. Intended as a research aid for genealogists, it is also relevant to military historians and those interested in the development of rights for prisoners of war. A bibliography of secondary sources is provided and there are links to other websites, not all of which work. The site is easy to use, although some pages are still under construction and the presence of web adverts can be distracting.
Founded in Edinburgh in 1953, the society aims to: promote research into Scottish family history and to undertake the collection, exchange and publication of material relating to genealogy. The website provides details of the Society's Library and Family History Centre, location and subject areas. Access to information on indices held by the Centre are on the site. The site also comprises information from the Society's sources, such as past issues of The Scottish Genealogist, published and unpublished information in the Library, and deposited pedigrees; the Society's magazine, events, and links to sites of further information.
The website of the Scottish National War Memorial introduces the institution with the same name based in Edinburgh. Through the website, the Scottish National War Memorial commemorates over 200,000 twentieth century Scottish casualties of war. It records in the Scottish Roll of Honour the names of those killed in the First World War, Second World War, and post 1945 campaigns such as the Malayan Emergency, the Korean War, Northern Ireland, the Falklands War and the Gulf War. On the website there is an in depth history of the monument, and a virtual tour, as well as a link to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission where the names listed at the memorial can be searched. In addition to this there is a bibliography of books and articles written about the monument, information for visitors and those making enquiries and a selection of relevant links. The site is available in versions with or without frames.
This is the website of the Scottish Oral History Centre at the University of Strathclyde. This research centre was established to support the use of oral history within the academic community and in cognate areas such as archives and museums in Scotland. The Centre also provides training in the use of oral techniques for historians, and in the design of research questionnaires. It is open to postgraduate researchers at the University but also to a wider public through workshops and training events. At the time of review the site was under construction. The site announces forthcoming events, such as training seminars and conferences. Current research projects and publications of the centre are introduced only briefly. Staff and research fellows profiles give a better idea about the interests and scope of the centre.
The Scottish Textiles Heritage Online project aims to provide a one-stop shop for information relating to Scotland's textile treasures. The project has surveyed and catalogued textile collections within six partner institutions and other museums and archives within Scotland. The site provides a searchable database and image gallery that is intended to give a holistic view of Scotland's textile heritage held within Scottish museums and archives and pointing to significant collections held elsewhere. The project is led by Heriot-Watt University Archive, Records Management and Museum Service and is funded by a Scottish Museums Council Strategic Change Award. The site also refers to Irish tartans and comments regularly in a blog format on different tartans as complex symbols of identity, culture, local textile production, sartorial traditions, fashion and family history.
The Ships List is a vast website published by a professional historian of immigration history. The site provides a plethora of resources on British immigration to the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa throughout the eighteenth, nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Users will find passenger lists, fleet lists, ship descriptions, ship pictures, reports of ship arrivals, information on the 1847 Irish Famine immigrants, details of marriages at sea, and information on ship wrecks. There is also some excellent primary source material, with diaries and journals of voyages, immigration reports, and articles from the Illustrated London News.
Contained on this website are passenger lists for emigrants from Ireland to the United States and Canada, arranged in chronological order. It is not the complete set of sailings, and some of the lists may be incomplete. The site is maintained by an enthusiast.
'Slatesite' ('Llechwefan' in Welsh) is a website that gives a complete picture of Wales' slate industry, and the society which grew from it. The site is linked with the websites of Gwynedd County Council's Archive and Museums Services and the Welsh Slate Museum (supporting partners). The plans are for the site to form a source of interpretive and teaching materials for lifelong learning about the industry, culture and social context of the North Wales slate areas. It should also be of value for family and local history research as well as academic research into economic, social and industrial history. The website is available in both Welsh and English.
The Small and Special website provides free access to the results of a project into the early development of The Hospital for Sick Children at Great Ormond Street, in London, which was England's first in-patient hospital for children. The project to analyse the patient registers of the hospital from 1852 to 1914 has been carried out in partnership with Kingston University and funded partly by the Wellcome Trust. Through this easy to use site it is possible to trace patients or members of staff and to find out more about childhood diseases. The database of admission registers can be searched by name, year of birth and age at admission. There are detailed articles about doctors, nurses and patients in an online 'Library' which is being developed. A series of images of staff, patients and buildings is available in thumbnail form, which can be enlarged. This resource will be of use to anyone interested in the history of medicine, social history and the history of London. Charles Dickens was an early supporter of the hospital. If users register, which is free, they can access more detailed information and perform more advanced searches.
Part of the Société Jersiaise website, this site provides details about the books of the Jersey Merchant Seamen's Benefit Society that are located in the Société Jersiaise library. The Jersey Merchant Seamen's Benefit Society was created by the States of Jersey in 1835 when the English compulsory levy of sixpence per month from every Merchant Seaman's pay was abolished. The contribution was 71/2d. per month, beginning on July 1 1835. The ship's Master was authorised to collect the contributions by direct deduction from pay. Books contain the service of each seaman member and his contribution to the welfare fund. The names of his ships, the length of service in each, his parish of origin and age are recorded. There are also listings of pensions and allowance books. A section on future plans indicates that further work is being done to make more records available, including shipping registers. There are links and suggestions for further research.
This is the home page of The Society of Genealogists (SoG) that includes access to the library catalogue of resources for family history, information leaflets, and online versions of the magazines of this British family history society. The SoG library collects copies and indexes of parish registers for England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, the Channel Isles and the Isle of Man. They also publish leaflets that are excellent guides for those starting genealogy, or those wishing to research in depth but unable to visit the Society's library in London. SoG members are encouraged to deposit their research so as to avoid the duplication of effort. The list of Parish Register Copies in the Society's Library is available here, as are some of the leaflets. On these Web pages there is a subject and surname index for the Society's "Genealogists' Magazine", and articles and software and website reviews from "Computers in Genealogy" magazine.
The Society of Genealogists (SoG) has published a number of their information leaflets online as HTML pages. This reflect a very small part of this British society's publishing - all of which are available for a charge from the SoG, details on the website. The online leaflets include introductory information such as: Family records and their layout; Note taking and keeping for genealogists; The relevance of surnames in genealogy; Starting genealogy; Essential addresses; The Data Protection Act and genealogists. Some perhaps reflect the nature of the family history enquiries the Society deals with, mainly from those unable to visit the Society in London, or the major records repositories such as the Public Records Office, like: Note for Americans on tracing their British ancestry; The right to Arms; Employing a professional researcher: a practical guide; and Has it been done before? (for example, the SoG maintains an archive of donated family histories undertaken by their members and others).
The Society of Genealogists' library in London holds copies and indexes to parish registers, and calendars of these are presented here on their website. This is essentially an electronic version of the lists published in print in 1995, although some were revised in 1999-2000 and further revisions are planned, county by county as the print editions are reissued. Recent additions to the Society's holdings can be found in the Genealogists' Magazine. The Society staff can make limited searches in these volumes, and some are available for loan - details are provided about these transactions and also the format of the Society's holdings whether in print or microform. The lists are browsable by counties (the names are those in use before the 1974 reorganisation of local government) for England, Scotland and Wales. There are also holdings for the Channel Islands, the Isle Of Man, Ireland, and from overseas.For anyone experienced in using these sorts of indexes there will be nothing new here - a typical entry looks like "ABEREDW CMB Ext 1687-1722 C 1740-1900 Illegitimate 1822-46 M 1741-1971 B 1740-1901 ". Brief but explanatory notes provide guidance regarding abbreviations, banns, parish names, religious denominations, Boyd's Marriage Index, and distinctions between Bishops transcripts and the registers themselves.
'Some notes on medieval English genealogy', a website edited by Chris Philips - an amateur, but scholarly, enthusiast - provides online resources for those tracing medieval English ancestry. The site provides: a guide to sources; classified lists of links to online source material and family histories; and some notes on particular families - for example, the Argentein, Alington and Skipwith families. There is also: a hyperlinked medieval English calendar; a place-name index to Victoria County history; and a collection of corrections and additions to the Complete Peerage. The site is primarily text-based, but some illustrations are featured. The site would be useful as an introductory guide to medieval documents for medieval studies and history students.
One of a series of Research Guides available on the National Archives website, this page includes information on resources held by the Archives that can be used to study and trace individual convicts who were: in government gaols; kept on prison ships called 'hulks'; transported to the North American colonies during the 18th and first half of the 19th centuries; transported to Australia in the 18th and 19th centuries. The site briefly explains the history of treatment of convicts under these circumstances and elaborates on how resources are arranged with reference to: medical journals; bankruptcy proceedings; convict prison hulks: registers and letter books; correspondence of settlers and convicts in New South Wales and Tasmania: Records; records of the Old Bailey; convict registers and convict transportation registers kept by the Home Office and various counties; judges' reports; police reports; bound police journals; the Newgate Prison calendar; remissions and pardons; prison graves; mental patients' files; records of other significant government prisons, such as the Fleet Prison, the King's Bench Prison and the Queen's Prison; Treasury reports on hulks and convict colonies, as well as prison reform; and the Jacobite rebellion of 1745. Historians should find this to be a valuable resource, and can pre-order collections online ahead of their visit to the National Archives.
Part of the Southampton City Council website, these pages provide details of city's archives. Archival holdings include Admiralty Court records for 1488-1827, crew lists for merchant ships for 1863-1913, and the Isherwood collection of ships' drawings. Contact details and visitor information are provided.
This website provides details on how Southwick, in West Sussex, England, changed over the period of a generation by using the personal papers and memoirs of Doris Randall (23 February 1899 to 10 January 2002). The memoirs, written in two parts (one when Doris Randall was 89 years old and the other when she was 98), provide details of Mrs Randall's life in Southwick, through both the First and Second World Wars, and of how the town has changed over the course of her life. The website is very nicely presented, and contains both Mrs Randall's memoirs and illustrative pictures of Southwick and the Randall family in general.
The St Nazaire Society website provides extensive information about Operation Chariot, the raid by British Commando and Naval forces on the dry dock at St Nazaire, France, in March 1942. It clearly explains and illustrates the background to this Second World War raid: the need to prevent the German battleship Turpitz from using the enormous dry dock built at St Nazaire for the liner Normandie. Extensive details of the British ships and forces which took part are provided, including a roll of honour of the many dead and the five Victoria Crosses awarded. This free and attractive website makes good use of photographs, film clips and sound recordings. Full membership of the St Nazaire Society is only available to the survivors of the 1942 raid.
This website provides information on opening hours, access rules, and its location. Part of the Polish state archives, the branch in Białystok, was formally established in 1952. It contains records on the eastern area of Poland, and of its Jewish population and those of the Augsburg confession. Another important collection is that of the documentation pertaining to the State Forest of Białowieża. The oldest document dates from 1640. There are details on the site of the archive's publications. This site is of great use to those who are researching the eastern borderlands of Poland (Kresy), and the lands that were formerly Poland, now in Ukraine, Lithuania, and Belarus.
The Web Site of the "Archiwum państwowe w Łodzi (State archive in Lodz)" provides information on the archive and its opening hours, locations, and collections. The archive was formally founded in 1926 and a history of the archive is featured on the site. The archive has departments in Pabianice and Sieradz, and its Łódź headquarters divides holdings into pre-1945 and post-1945 sections. There is an online catalogue of the holdings available in RTF form as a ZIP file, or in smaller lists of the records. Holdings include judicial, financial, administrative, educational, and military records. They can be searched via the databases SEZAM, IZA (inventories), PRADZIAD, and ELA. This is a site of interest to those researching the nineteenth and twentieth century history of the ?ód? area.
The Web Site of the "Archiwum Państwowe m.st. Warszawy (State archive of the capital city of Warsaw)" is in Polish and English and provides information about the opening hours, collections, and location of the archive. The holdings of the archive are not confined to the capital city, but also cover the terrain of parts of Mazowsze (Mazovia). As common with Polish archives the territorial range of the collections does not conform to a geographically defined area, so the helpful map provided gives the user a better idea. The site features a brief history of the archive and its destruction during the Second World War. There are details of the archive's publications, including the journal 'Kronika Warszawska' and of current exhibitions. The capital's archive has departments in Grodzisk Mazowiecki, Mława, Łowicz, Pułtusk, and Otwock. Two interesting online exhibitions are featured; photographs of the occupation (1940-1944) taken by an unknown German and postcards of Warsaw (nineteenth century to 1939). These provide an opportunity to see vistas of Warsaw which were eradicated forever during World War Two. The collections can be searched via the internet databases hosted on the site of the Polish State Archives: SEZAM, PRADZIAD or ELA. Guidelines for searching are provided in English as well.
The Statistical Accounts of Scotland website, hosted by EDINA, is a fully searchable and browsable facsimile of all 36 bound volumes of the Old Statistical Account (1791-1799) and the New Statistical Account (1845) which were compiled as an early census from information supplied largely by parish church ministers. These accounts provide information on subjects such as wealth and poverty, climate, agriculture, population, and schools. Information on the accounts is available from the site. It is possible to browse the accounts by table of contents, by general index, and by county or parish level. It is necessary to specify which account is to be browsed in each case. Searches can be carried out on the general index, counties, parishes or page text. Online help on searching and browsing the accounts is available. The website also provides information on the project. This is a valuable resource for anyone looking for material on late eighteenth and early nineteenth century Scotland. EDINA projects receive funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This resource is also described by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities. Full access is granted with institutional subscription and an additional username and password, or with a UK Federation account, and non-subscribers can browse selected scanned pages.
The web site "Strona domowa rodzinna domu Koców herbu Dąbrowa (The family website of the house of Koc, of the Dąbrowa coat of arms)" is in Polish. This is a page devoted to the Koc family and nine centuries of its tradition. Although it is primarily aimed at members of the family or the broader familial clan, it provides a good example of the complex nature of Polish heraldry. The family came from the area near Ciechanowiec in eastern Poland. This is an interesting site that places Polish history in the context of one minor noble family and its activities. There are also sections on religion, tradition, and history.
'Studies in Scarlet' is an online document collection provided by Harvard University Library and Harvard Law School. Access is free and does not require registration. The collection provides "over 420 separately published trial narratives" which cover "American, British, and Irish cases 1815-1914 involving domestic violence, bigamy, seduction, breach of promise to marry, and the custody of children, as well as trials for murder and rape". The collections are searchable by keyword and phrase, and there is also a simple alphabetical A-Z index. Search histories can be saved. At May 2008, the link to the 'Help' file does not work, giving only a "404 not found" message. This may be a useful resource for those investigating aspects of the social history of the period. Although, since the documents are said to be drawn from "Harvard Law School Library's extensive trial collections" it is to be expected that the trials veer strongly towards the most sensational, and are thus perhaps not always representative of the great mass of trials during the period. Indeed, all three samples tried by this reviewer were found to come from cheap pamphlets and book series that specialised in packaging sensational 'true crimes' for public reading.
The website of the Suffolk Local History Council is an excellent and easy to use resource which will be of great use to local historians and those interested in the history of Suffolk. The Suffolk Local History Council (SLHC) was formed in 1953 and is a federation of local societies, groups, and bodies whose focus is upon local history. It aims to create a network and forum for local historians and to provide help for those interested in local history. The website features sections on: events; family history; membership details; oral history; and information about useful organisations and publications. There is also a page of links to national sources, Suffolk sources, Suffolk towns and villages and family history. The site is of interest to those carrying out primary research on Suffolk at undergraduate or postgraduate level and there are also details of the Gwen Dyke Project Fund which helps to finance the publication of Suffolk local history.
The website Surrey History Centre is part of Surrey County Council and it holds archives and records relating to all aspects of Surrey's history. The website carries general information about the Surrey History Service, such as opening hours and the services the organisation provides, as well as short introductory essays on several local and family history resources, including parish registers, nonconformist records, census returns, county and town directories, wills, tithe maps, and quarter sessions and assize records. It is also possible to search the Service's archive index and collections catalogue online. The archives index is searchable by place name, and the collections catalogue can be searched freely, or browsed using the following categories, local government, quarter sessions and other courts, Church of England parish, nonconformist, local organisations and charities, school records, family and estate, business, and pictorial. The full-texts of some records on Surrey history, including those of Epsom Mental Hospital, the papers of Lucy Broadwood, and the records of some leading families, such as the Bray and More Molyneux families, can be searched in the national Access to Archives Project. Also included on the site is a teacher's section, and links to other local and national history resources.
This is the website for Tameside Local Studies Library, forming part of the public library service provided by Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council. Material relating to the history of Tameside's nine towns (Ashton-under-Lyne, Audenshaw, Denton, Droylsden, Dukinfield, Hyde, Longdendale, Mottram, Broadbottom, Hollingworth, Mossley, and Stalybridge) is centralised at Tameside Local Studies and Archives Unit.As this is part of the website for the Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council, it contains links to further administrative information that leads you away from the core of local studies information presented here. This can be confusing, but most linked pages cross-reference back to the Tameside Local Studies Library, where the user is presented with a wealth of information that assists the researcher to find resources relating to: family history; military history (including the Manchester Regiment, and the Boer War); house history; exhibitions and slide packs for loan; local history publications for sale; publishing your research; black and Asian history; sound and oral history; and libraries and heritage. The information includes: library service information; general research guidelines for local, family, house and military history; Internet links; and local collection holdings of census records, parish registers, the International Genealogical Index, local newspapers, historical maps, photographs, and archives. There is also a Tameside bibliography, compiled 1992-1997 by the staff of Tameside Local Studies Library. This is presented as a PDF file. In 2000, the librarian responsible for developing the local studies and archive collection at Tameside was presented with the Dorothy McCulla Memorial award for Local Studies Librarianship 2000 by the Library Association Local Studies Group.
The website "Origins network" enables the public to access its database of genealogical data for researching family history in the Britain and Ireland. A subscription fee is required in various monthly of yearly planns but they offer a free search to learn about the possibilities of research through the databases. The site divides its data from those surnames originating in England; Ireland; and Scotland. The English database is the most comprehensive offering access to: censuses; indexes of marriages; wills; witness depositions; and apprentice records. Coverage varies between each database, but the dates available for searches are quite restrictive, especially the Irish data. The most useful part of the site, for those interested in tracing their family tree, is the resources section. Details are given of online genealogy bookshops; professional researchers; archives in Scotland and England; online databases; articles of family history; and instructions on how to start tracing your family tree.
Thirteen Years at the Russian Court is a website which features the memoirs of Pierre Gilliard, French tutor to the last Tsarevitch of Russia. The website is essentially a digitisation of his book entitled "Thirteen Years at the Russian Court: A Personal Record of the Last Years and Death of the Tsar Nicholas II & His Family". The website displays the table of contents of the book, with each chapter having its own link. An introduction gives interesting background information on the author of the memoirs and about the times he described. The book features recollections of the Russian royal family, Rasputin, World War I, the Russian Revolution, and the murders of the Nicholas II, Alexandra, and their children, Olga, Tatiana, Marie, Anastasia, and Alexei. In the epilogue, Gilliard recalls the rumours that the Tsarevitch had survived and his subsequent meeting with 'the Pretender'. The site also features the link to the "Alexander Palace Time Machine", a rich web page dedicated to the Romanovs and to Russian history.
This website from the British Isles Family History Society – USA provides information from the Los Angeles Regional Family History Centre Information showing how to trace your immigrant ancestor to the British Isles. This includes specific articles on naturalization, and about how to locate passenger lists in the United States. The passenger lists page also contains a table showing passenger lists held at the Los Angeles Family History Centre for the five major ports (New York, Boston, Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New Orleans). This page is part of the website of the British Isles Family History Society, USA.
The website of the Tyne and Wear Archives Service provides free access to information about this archive which holds documents relating to Newcastle upon Tyne, Sunderland, Gateshead, South Tyneside and North Tyneside from the twelfth to the twenty first centuries. It is a simple and easy to use website, with access to the online catalogue of the Archives Service. The Museums, Libraries and Archives Council has designated this an Outstanding Collection for its ship building and maritime trade collection. Information for visitors, news, contact details and a good selection of user guides are provided. There is a link to the Archives North East online research query service. There are also links to very good mini sites produced by the Tyne and Wear Archive Service, notably the Mauretania website funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and a site for school students, dedicated to Captain David Peacock, a zoologist who tackled the lice problem in the First World War.
The UK Census Online website is published by FreeCEN, and is part of the Free UKGEN initiative that is working to make primary sources relevant to genealogy freely available on the Internet. The UK Census Online project is attempting to make the British nineteenth century census returns available online, and is currently working on the 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881 and 1891 censuses for England, Scotland and Wales. The work on this project is very much in progress but there is already a lot of valuable material available for local, social and family historians. Progress of work on entries by county and date can be monitored on the site.
This is the website of the Ulster American Folk Park, County Tyrone, an outdoor museum which tells the story of emigration from Ulster to America in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The site provides a brief historical background to emigration from Ireland to America. The Park tells the story of these emigrants and their everyday lives through the reconstruction of replica buildings, the centrepiece of which is the boyhood home of Judge Thomas Mellon. It is possible to take a tour of the Park. The Park's Emigrants Exhibition gives details of routes, ports and ships, while the Ship and Dockside Gallery reconstructs a typical emigrant dockside and includes a Merchant's Office and a dockside warehouse. The Park's Centre for Migration Studies includes a research library, and an emigration database containing letters, newspaper articles, shipping advertisements, passenger lists, official government reports, and family papers. The site includes visitor information and details of schools programmes. The site is available as a text-only version.
This website describes the special collections held at St Andrews University, which include rare books, manuscripts, muniments, photographs and genealogical material. Particular strengths are in the history of the local area – North East Fife – and the long history of the University. The photographic collection, which can be searched from this website, is one of the largest in Scotland, and contains many examples of early photography, including the photographic archive of Valentines of Dundee and the archives of Robert M. Adam and George Cowie, amongst other photographers. The website also details the various documentation and digitisation projects taking place within the collections together with information about searching and accessing material.
The website 'University of Waterloo Library Special Collections' is the homepage of the Archives and Rare Books in the Dana Porter Library at the University of Waterloo in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Opened in 1976, the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room in the Library holds early editions of 50,000 rare books. The department claims strengths in the fields of women's studies; local history; the history of mathematics (especially Euclid's Elements of Geometry); architecture; dance; fine printing; and urban planning. Special Collections contain the archives of the University of Waterloo. The Archives hold manuscripts and other materials on prominent local figures, families and businesses, which are detailed at length in an online alphabetical catalogue. These will prove useful for genealogists and for researchers working on Canadian and local history. There are also some 19th century British History primary sources. Descriptions of separate book and manuscript collections are similarly posted under a variety of themes, from the William Blake Collection, to the B. P. Nichol Library of Science Fiction, to the Rosa Breithaupt Clark Architectural Collection, to the Spanish, Latin-American and South American Dancing Collection. The Archives also possess over two million negatives of photographs, including the photo archive of the local newspaper, the Kitchener-Waterloo Record, from 1938 to the present, which can be seen in the digital collections section of the site.
Essex Past is the website for the section of the Victoria County History that relates to Essex, providing information about the ten major volumes already published and draft texts for a forthcoming volume. Work on the county of Essex, as on most English counties of this standard reference work, has been sporadic since its beginning in the reign of Queen Victoria and providing texts online is a useful means for researchers to access new information whilst waiting for the hard copy volumes to be published. The involvement of the University of Essex, Essex County Council and the Institute of Historical Research in this essential resource underlines its importance. Information about the volumes and parishes completed to date is provided, with details of how the research is carried out and of collaborative projects. The draft texts for volume XII, covering the north east Essex coast, concentrate on Frinton, Walton on the Naze, Kirby le Soken and Thorpe le Soken. The website has not been updated recently and there is an online appeal for funding.
This substantial collection of Victorian and Edwardian photographs presented by enthusiastic amateur Roger Vaughan, provides useful information on how to date old photos and traces developments in photography, fashion and hairstyles. The number of images and the amount of detail on the Date an Old Photo and Ladies Dated by Year pages makes this an essential resource for anyone interested in family history, costume and the history of photography between 1860 and 1920. The site includes photographs, cartes de visite, cabinet cards and postcards, by both professional and amateur photographers. Some images date from as late as the 1950s. The subjects are generally people and places in the UK, from members of the public to the Royal family in 1908 and from London theatres to Harrow schoolboys. There are also some photos of people and places worldwide. The site is so large it can be confusing; clicking on a link often opens a new window.
This website, for the War Graves Photograph Project, aims to provide free online access to photographs of over 1.75 million war graves and war memorials from around the world. Although the focus will primarily be on British and Commonwealth war graves, the project also aims to include other nation's war graves and memorials too. The project has been undertaken by volunteers, with the aid of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, in order to provide photographic access to the graves and memorials to those lost in battle. The size of the project means that it is still being updated, but there is, nevertheless, a 'quick search' option which allows users to find graves by first name or surname. A highly emotive, and highly useful, website, and an invaluable resource for professional historians, genealogists, and general users.
This is the website of the War Memorials Trust (formerly the Friends of War Memorials), a Registered Charity devoted to the care of war memorials of all dates and types across the UK. As well as information about the organisation, such as its patrons and officers, events and news, there is a long list of links to relevant websites. These include: veterans' organisations; archives, repositories and museums for research; links to personal websites and histories for the Anglo-Boer War, the First World War, Second World War; as well as links to resources about remembrance in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, from across the UK.
This site provides an on-line index of Welsh merchant masters, mates and engineers active from 1800 to 1945. This includes men who held certificates of competency or certificates of service such as ship captains (often called master mariners), mates and marine engineers. The site also gives links to other sites of Welsh maritime interest and provides information on where the actual records are held.
Listed here are links to websites that contain passenger lists of emigrants. The site is divided into passenger lists relating to US Arrivals, International Arrivals and Departures, and General Sites. This page is part of the German Roots website, maintained by an enthusiast.
This website is a guide to the business manuscript collections at the Baker Library Historical Collections Department, at Harvard Business School. Aimed at students and academics interested in gender studies the site complements the online catalogue in a topical manner by describing what is available in women's history materials. Unfortunately there are no plans at present to digitise the manuscript collection so contact with or a visit to the Baker library is needed. However this is still a very interesting site for scholars and researchers interested in the field of women in work and business, and female entrepreneurs, managers and landowners. The collection is divided into five sections comprising women at work - manual labor, women at work - professional labor, women, finance and investment, women and the law and women at home and abroad; these are further subdivided.
"The Workhouse" is an outstanding online survey of the history, culture, and background to the Poor Laws of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland intended to provide relief locally to the poor and the destitute. The site provides details on life in workhouses, literature inspired by workhouses (some of which is available in full-text from the site) and education of the poor. This is the creation of an enthusiastic family historian and is the result of his personal research and visits to hundreds of former workhouse sites - the contributions of numerous people are also acknowledged. "The Workhouse" points to research resources and archival holdings to explore further the nineteenth-century workhouse for academic and family history research. It is a very comprehensive site with excellent original text and images that is extremely easy to navigate and use as a reference source for research or as an educational resource for students of all levels. It would even be an introduction to this class of records for students of archives and museum administration, and local history librarianship.On this site you can find the full-text and much background information about the poor laws, especially the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, and the Settlement Act 1662, (repealed 1948). The history of poor law unions that administered the relief of the poor and in particular the workhouses is presented here: England before 1834; England and Wales from 1834; Ireland from 1838 (including the Irish famine); and Scotland from 1845. There are Poor Law Union lists and clickable maps. There are details of the administration and staff of the poor law and the workhouse, including workhouse life (such as entering the workhouse). The workhouse's relief of poverty is alive (even notorious) still in the memories of some people in the British Isles, and this site takes advantage of oral history, (for example the recollections of a clerk of the Abingdon workhouse, that provides a fascinating glimpse of this workhouse). There are many further resources on this site including sections on: a workhouse tour; education for the poor; references in literature (ballads, poetry, novels - including Charles Dickens's "Oliver Twist", plays, journalism, documentary, periodicals, biography); timeline; bibliography; glossary; as well as family history links and resources. Links relating to particular poor law unions and workhouses may be found on individual pages, and a separate page gives links to calendars of record offices' and archives' collections and records. The site makes use of frames but this does make navigation straightforward.
World War One : Josiah Alexander Chancellor Kennedy is a website created by Kennedy's grandson, Richard V. Laughton, which follows his military career in the Canadian Expeditionary Force. The site is a mixture of military and family history, with Laughton's work supplemented by contributions from war historian Chris Baker (author of the World War One-related website "The Long, Long Trail") and others. The site provides access to a number of documents (in PDF format) relating to Josiah Kennedy, some of which are usefully (for other military/family historians) divided into sections according to their source, including the UK's National Archives and Archives Canada. The site illustrates the gap in some cases between family legend and actual fact, as well as showing the kinds of documents available to researchers working in this area. The site also makes available: Kennedy's prisoner of war diary, family photographs; and a page of related links. This site would be of interest to military and family historians.
WW-Person is an online database of the higher nobility of Europe. It has been compiled and updated by Professor Herbert Stoyan, Chair of Artificial Intelligence at Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg. The site should serve as a useful resource for researchers in European History and Culture, from the Early Medieval period to the present. The site is available in 10 languages, but there appears to be varying material on pages in different languages. Notably, different families appear to be grouped loosely under their national language and navigation is haphazard in places. These issues notwithstanding, WW-Person claims information on some 87,000 persons of English nobility (including Irish and Scottish nobility); 20,000 persons of Italian nobility; 25,000 persons of Spanish nobility; 13,000 persons of Russian nobility; 60,000 persons of French nobility; and over 100,000 persons of German nobility (including Austrian and Swiss nobility). For each person original names, titles, dates and relatives are given. The most extensive information is available in German and English, with the primary menu for the whole site entirely in German. Users conduct searches via fields such as: name; place; knightly order; battles; Popes; time period; relations between persons; and territory. Indexes make broader amounts of information more accessible. The site posts historical maps; portraits; biographies (in German only); and online historical documents (in German only). The site also has links to web pages of current members of royal and former royal houses.
This is the website of the Yarmouth County Museum and Archives, located in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada. Established in 1935, the museum holds an impressive collection related to the County of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia. Holdings include a 1921 Electric car, a Concord stagecoach, and a lens from the Yarmouth Lighthouse. The society also has an archives and research library and conducts genealogical and historical research. The archives collection includes thousands of photographs, documents, newspapers from 1831, and the records of the Mercantile firm of Parker Eakins, the Yarmouth Cotton Mill, and RCAF Station Yarmouth. The Web pages provide information on the history of the historical society, many of its holdings and catalogues, and a great deal of pictures of the jewels of the collection.
The Web Site of the Confederation of Polish Nobility (Związek szlachty Polskiej)" is in Polish with versions in ten other languages (English, French, German, Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Estonian, Bielorussian, Swedish, Russian and Kashubian). The aim of the organisation is to provide a structure for the noble estate in Poland, and to represent the estate and defend its rights. It also organises social activities, conferences and symposia. The site provides information on Polish genealogy, museums and monuments, and on the journal 'Verbum Nobile', published by the organisation. Some articles from the journal are available online. There is also a page of links to pages of a similar nature. Essays published on the site treat topics such as: the Tatar nobility of the Polish-Lithuanian Commmonwealth;a short history of the Radziwiłł family; and an introduction to the Polish nobility and its heraldry. The site contains an embedded audio file with Gregorian chant which can be distracting, just as the pop-up window with a "herald" announcing the latest news and events.
This Web page briefly outlines an AHRC-funded project to create an electronic version of Peter Clement Bartrum's Welsh Genealogies. The project is based on the work of Dr P C Bartrum (1907-2008) who, beginning his work in 1929, collected information from manuscripts about Welsh ancestry from 300 CE - 1500 CE, published in 26 volumes. This project aims to make the digitised genealogical database fully searchable and available on-line and as a DVD.
The University of Nottingham Library has been collecting manuscripts and local archives for over 70 years and these now form the backbone of its extensive special collections. The three million documents include extensive rare printed book holdings, manuscripts, East Midlands local materials, items relating to author DH Lawrence, the family and estate papers of Portland (London), Portland of Welbeck, and Newcastle of Clumber (these last three designated as having national significance). Other subjects covered include 18th to 19th century drama, children’s educational literature, the history of medicine, Icelandic literature, the French Revolution and the university’s own archive. The website describes the collections and has a number of eLearning resources based on them, as well as access information