This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the '1861 Census, Southwark; Parishes of Christ Church, St. Thomas and St. Saviour' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To provide information on individuals and families to people engaged in family history research. The data is available to order from the HDS as a SPSS portable file or a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of names, position in family, age, marital status, area of birth, reference to RG9 piece number and folio number.
The website "Abbays et Sites Cisterciens d'Europe" is an online database listing Cistercian establishments in Europe and, where available, providing links to their websites. The site has some English content but the full version is available only in French. Sections on the site include: The charter; History; and Abbeys. A forum and a members area are also part of the site. The abbeys can be browsed alphabetically or by country or region via an interactive map. Very brief general information and a picture where possible are given for each abbey, and in some cases a more detailed history of the place is also available. The historical information about the Cîteaux abbey and the Cistercian movement is detailed and reliable, albeit rather brief. The statutes refer to the modern regulations of the Cistercians. The latest issue of the Newsletter can be downloaded from the site in PDF format, in French, English and German. The site also acts as a representative of the Cistercian federations in eight European countries that adhered to the 1993 Charter.
An extensive website, "The Abbey of Saint-Germain of Auxerre" covers the history and archaeology of the Abbey, thought to date originally to the 5th century when it was a simple oratory for the housing of relics. St. Germanus, the Bishop of Auxerre noted for his miracles and suppression of the Pelagian heresy in Britain, is held responsible for this original building and was buried there after his death in 448 AD. The website gives information on the Saint himself and the various stages of building that were erected over and around his burial place in honour of his cult - resulting in the transition from oratory to basilica to abbey. In addition to the history and archaeology of the Saint and Abbey, a discussion of the intellectual influence, liturgy and architecture that were associated with the site. A virtual tour of the abbey is also available through photographic and 3D computer reconstructions.
The website"Medieval History" from About.com provides access to information about Medieval history in general. The website gives both very basic introductions to the Middle Ages (with articles about 'What are the Middle Ages?' and 'Who's Who in Medieval Times' and so on) and more detailed information on specific topics and events. The home page has a list of current articles and brief descriptions of their contents. There is also the option to keyword search through the website at the bottom of the page. Most of the content is split into several thematic headings (for example, People and Places; Castles, Knights and Armour; Crusades, Wars and Warfare; and Religion and Philosophy) and each of these contain a wealth of articles. The website is simply designed and easy to navigate, and provides access to an excellent amount of information. The complex advertisements, which often include videos, may cause the website to load slowly for some users.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Acta of the Plantagenets, 1154-1204" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The main aim of this project was to collect, edit and publish the Acts of Eleanor of Aquitaine (1154-1203), Richard, Count of Poitou (1172-1189), Richard I (1189-1199) and John, Count of Mortain and Lord of Ireland (1185-1199). The resource consists of tabulated indexes to the Acta containing details such as beneficiary, date and place of issue, and source.
The "Actas y Comunicaciones" (ISSN 1669-7286) from the University of Buenos Aires' Instituto de Historia Antigua y Medieval present research papers from the Institute in electronic format, in PDF files. The first issue of this electronic peer reviewed publication appeared in 2005, bringing together papers presented at a conference held at the Institute entitled 'Cuestiones historiográficas y representaciones históricas. Europa, ayer y hoy' (Historiographic Questions and Historical Representations. Europe, Yesterday and Today'). The articles are written in either Spanish or Italian and focus on such themes as: political power and intellectual development in the Middle Ages; the university as 'hammer and chisel' of medieval society, using 15th century Salamanca University as a case study; and, in a move away from medieval history, a study of Italian intellectuals and the fascist movement in Italy. The editors hope that the electronic format will permit greater dissemination of research output from the Institute, but they also welcome contributions from international scholars for future issues. At the time of review (2009) the PDF files three (2005-2007) of all four volumes posted online were not downloading properly.
The full text of John Foxe's "The acts and monuments of the Christian Church", often known as "The Book of Martyrs", published in 1563, is available online on the Ex-Classics web site. This work by a leading English Protestant of the mid-sixteenth century, was one of the most popular books of the Reformation period and was designed to attack the Catholic Church and the Pope, and to assert the divine right of the English monarchy to rule over the Church of England. This online version of the "Book of Martyrs" is taken from the 1851 reprint by John Cumming, which modified some of the original spellings but was otherwise a faithful reproduction. Foxe traced the history of the Church from Roman times through to the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, with particular emphasis on the persecution of martyrs. Its popularity with contemporary English audiences makes it one of the most significant pieces of literature from Early Modern Europe. A brief introduction and historical background to the book is provided on the web site.
Preston Hunter's website Adherents.com is one of the most valuable tools available on the Internet for researchers needing statistical information on religious groups or organisations around the globe. The site is easily navigable and may be searched by either geographic location or religious affiliation. Though the bulk of information relates to American religious demographics, those digging for information will be hard pressed to find any belief system omitted, as virtually all-major cultures are included somewhere in these pages. Appropriate for students and academics at all levels, inquiries produce detailed information on various sects and denominations within a faith, their distribution, the number of adherents, the percentage of the population, and (when available) the number of congregations or churches. Thankfully, the editors have taken care to provide the source information for each entry and often a link to the referring page for electronically published data. Limited amounts of historical population statistics are also available through this site. The site features advertising but it is not obtrusive.
The website "Advanced paper synopsis: witchcraft in early modern England, New England and Scotland, 1500-1750" is a course synopsis aimed at undergraduates in their final year at the University of Oxford, although it has the potential to be of great use to any student researching the topic of witchcraft. The site provides a good précis of the aims of the course and the approaches to the very complex historiography of the study of early modern witchcraft. There is a brief general bibliography, which serves as a good introduction for those new to the subject. For those proceeding in a thematic manner, there are also more in-depth bibliographies linked to the topics discussed each week. Topics include: post-modernism and witchcraft; witchcraft and anthropology; feminist readings; theology; the power of the state; scepticism; possession; and popular belief. The comparative nature of the course allows students to explore common themes in the very different legalistic, political, and theological contexts of Scotland, New England, and England. The site has not been updated since 2000, therefore bibliography does not reflect later additions to scholarship.
The AHRC Early Modern Worship Network (EMWN) is a current AHRC research network based at Durham University. It aims to be a network for "historians, literary scholars, theologians, musicologists and other early modernists [who] all share an interest in the practice of religion in the early modern world" and in particular for the examination of "religious practice and its meanings in early modern British culture". The EMWN has two mains themes: "collective and public worship; and private and household devotions". Two major EMWN conferences will be held on these topics in Sept 2008 and June 2009. The website also has news of a £20,000 EMWN fund to send academics to selected conferences during 2008 and 2009. The website has full details of the aims, steering group, members, and funding.
This website contains a collection of pictures of different parts of Russia, such as Moscow with Trinity-Sergius Monastery (with pictures taken inside the monastery and short annotations to them as well as a bibliography of further readings and external links on the subject); St. Petersburg; Karelia and the North-West of Russia; Central and Southern Russia; the Urals; and Siberia. The section on Siberia includes the book "The Real Siberia" (1902) - the online version of the travelogue of British journalist John Foster Fraser's adventurous 1901 journey from Moscow to Vladivostok, through Manchuria and into Mongolia, which consists of the equivalent of 280 hardcopy pages and over 80 photographs. In addition, the site contains a section entitled "Illustrated History of Russia and the Former Soviet Union". It includes among others works such as: "Illustrated history of the state and church in Russian America"; history of the Russian Navy; materials on the Civil war in Moscow in October 1993; materials on the 1996 presidential elections in Russia; and information about the prominent Russian politician G. Yavlinsky.
Ambrose in Anglo-Saxon England was prepared for the collaborative reference work, Sources of Anglo-Saxon Literary Culture (SASLC). The online edition is a corrected version of the print version by Dabney Anderson Bankert, Jessica Wegmann, and Charles D. Wright entitled 'Ambrose in Anglo-Saxon England with Pseudo-Ambrose and Ambrosiaster.' The overall purpose of Ambrose in Anglo-Saxon England is to compile evidence for the circulation of works by (or attributed to) Ambrose (337-397) in Anglo-Saxon England. The publication is structured by genre and then specific works. Each work falls under the following headings: manuscripts; booklists; Anglo-Saxon versions; quotations; citations or references. The main entry includes a summary of the work and its structure together with other relevant information and pointers to secondary sources. Genres include: exegetical; moral and ascetic; dogmatic; miscellaneous; pseudo-Ambrose; Ambrosiaster. The site also provides short introductions to Ambrose, Ps-Ambrose and Ambrosiaster, a bibliography, a list of standard editions, and research tools. The entries may also be searched using keywords.
Conceived by Dr. Brian Turley (West Virginia University) and developed by both himself and an ensemble of other religious scholars from across the United States, "The American Religious Experience" seeks to promote the publication of articles, manuscripts and images related to the past and present expressions of faith in America over the Internet. One part gateway and the other showcase; the site offers a mix of articles and teaching resources of interest to those working in a number of areas such as women in religion, Judaism, and new religious movements. Users will also find within these pages book reviews, a question centre, syllabi, and an impressive collection of links to religious topics in America. Accessible through this site is "The Journal of Southern Religion", of which all issues are freely accessible online. Both the American Religious Experience site and the journal are fully searchable by key word, which is the easiest method to locate documents. As for the former, students will find that the articles presented provide an excellent introduction to their subjects though, at present, the entire project lacks somewhat in resources and it is hoped that in time more will be added. As this project began as a teaching resource for a course on religious history, teaching staff will be especially interested to observe how the Internet has been integrated into the classroom and may find this site provides a useful template. As portions of "The American Religious Experience" are part of an online course, some sections may not be accessible without registration. Unfortunately, the site has been put into 'hibernation' at present, but this does not detract from the wealth of resources available.
This is the website of the American Society of Church History, founded in 1888 as an organisation dedicated to encouraging scholarly research into both church history specifically and the relationship between religion and society more broadly. The Society convenes twice annually, in January and Spring. The principal scholarly outlet of the Society is the quarterly journal entitled, 'Church History: Studies in Christianity and Culture.' Tables of contents and abstracts are available for recent issues. The Society also promotes historical research by awarding five prizes for outstanding historical research, three of which are on an annual basis. Details of the various prizes are made readily available. The site is well presented and accessible.
This is the site of the institution which administers the archive and library of the Burzenland chapters and of communities in the Braşov region in Romania, together with a significant part of the library of the Honterus evangelical gymnasium in Braşov. The language of the site is German, and the advertised Romanian and English versions of the site are not available. The holdings of the archives are as old as the fourteenth century; papers of some of the major cultural and political figures of Transylvanian history are also held here. The European Union and the British Library have supported the archives financially in 2005 and 2006. The website offers information on: research projects, the series of public lectures and the networks of international cooperation in which the archives take part. The library and archive holdings can be searched online through the OPAC interface, where the choice of a simple or combined search is offered.
The Web Site "Archiwum Państwowe w Olsztynie (State archive in Olsztyń)" provides the usual information about the location, collections, accessibility, and organisation of the regional branch of the Polish State Archives. The site features a brief history of the archive, which was formally founded in 1948. Unfortunately there is not much information on this site on the holdings, but there is a link to the databases IZA and SEZAM on the national archives' (AGAD) site. The holdings include administrative, regional, local, ecclesiastical, municipal, and fiscal records. Specialists from the Olsztyń archives have completed the project of digitisating the ledgers and inventory books of the former Prussia Museum in Kaliningrad (Königsberg).The site is of interest to those who are studying German or Polish history.
The Web Site of the Archiwum Państwowe w Siedlcach (State archive in Siedlce) is in Polish with good English and French versions. It features information on the opening hours, collections, and location of the archive. The chronological range of the holdings spans 1651-1997. There is an online description of the collections, which consist of: administrative; judicial; police; fiscal; property; and institutional records. The strength of the collection really lies in the nineteenth century range. The birth, death, and marriage records are also useful for the genealogist or historian. Charters of the city are preserved, as well as records pertaining to eminent Polish families such as the Kuczyńskis, Czartoryskis, and Wierzejskis. Publications of the archives are well presented and the possibility of online purchase is offered to the interested. A good but basic site of use to those carrying out research on Siedlce and its environs.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Suwałkach (The state archive of Suwałki)" provides information in Polish on this branch of the Polish State Archives. The archives have a long tradition in this area, but were formally founded in 1921. During the twentieth century, its records were taken by the Russians and the Germans and at the end of the Second World War were to be found scattered in Belarus, Moscow, Lithuania, and St Petersburg. The archives also have a department in Ełk and contact details are also provided for this archive. The holdings date from the seventeenth century, which mainly consist of Radziwiłł and ecclesiastical privileges. The nineteenth century is far better represented. A selection of important documents (registers, privileges) is offered digitised on the site. The holdings of thie archives can be consulted on the national databases SEZAM, IZA and PRADZIAD. A good archive for those interested in the history of Poland's new eastern borderlands (Kresy) and their varied populations.
The Web Site of the "Archiwum państwowe w Bydgoszczy (State archive in Bydgoszcz)" is in Polish, with brief versions in English and German. The site provides the usual information about the archive's opening hours, location, and collections. The archive also has a branch in Inowrocław. The site features a listing of the main holdings which include: state and local government; judicial institutions; the military and the police; religious organisations; municipal and village records; and maps and plans. The municipal records date from the fourteenth century. The collections of the archives can be searched through the main database hosted on the web site of the central State Archives in Poland. This site provides a good resource for the researcher who is working on German (Bromberg) or Polish history.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Gdańsku (State archive in Gdańsk)" is in Polish with a less detailed but useful English version, and provides details of the opening hours, location, accessibility, and holdings of the archive. The collections of the archive reflect the history of Gdańsk, which was formerly the German city of Danzig and the Free City of Gdańsk. The site features the history, structure and preservation of the archive. Of use to the researchers is the information on the access to holdings. The records are divided into the following categories: state and local administration records between 18th and 20th century; records of the cities of Gdańsk and Elbląg, records of smaller Pomeranian towns; church, monastic, and public register records; judicial records; guild and merchants' records; and records of scientific, educational, and cultural institutions. The archive also has a good collection of maps and private papers. The catalogues of the holdings can be searched via SEZAM, the database run by the State Archives of Poland with several town archives and significant cultural institutions of the country. The archive is part of the Baltic Connections project. An excellent site for those researchign Polish, German, or Pomeranian history.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Krakowie (State archive in Cracow)" is in Polish and English and provides information on the archive's opening hours, locations, and collections. The archive is divided into separate sections, located in various departments and the earliest documentation comes from the thirteenth century.The archive holds much of the early state documentation for Poland, from the period when Cracow was the Polish capital. There are details of the archive's conservation, educational, publishing, and training activities. Of use to researchers are the forms which can be downloaded for requests to the archives for reproduction and borrowing services. The online exhibitions on the archive's holdings, stamps, iconography, cartography and temporary exhibitions enrich this site. The holdings of all branches of the Krakow state archive can be search throught the SEZAM database, however the keywords and strings are available only in Polish.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Lesznie (State Archive in Leszno)" is a branch of the Polish State Archives. It was established in 1951 and contains administrative, political, financial, judicial, and educational records. There is a very useful list of the records held. The archive is digitalising the catalogues of holdings which can be found on the IZA database. The site features a history of the archive, a description of its holdings, its publications, and access details. An excellent photogallery features images of valuable documentation held by the archive. The site is of interest primarily to those who are carrying out research in or on Poland.
The Web Site "Archiwum Państwowe w Lublinie (State archive in Lublin)" is in Polish with a very substantial English version. The site provides the usual information about the archive and its reproduction services, opening hours, and location. There is access to the SEZAM, PRADZIAD, IZA, ELA and GENEBA databases. The territorial range covered by the archive covers the lands between the Bug, San, and the Vistula. The archive has a wonderful collection of early modern records, as well as the founding charter of Lublin from 1317. The collections include: guild; judicial; financial; administrative; municipal; Jewish; and ecclesiastical records. The site is of interest to those researching the area of Lublin or those carrying out geneaological research.
The Web Site of the "Archiwum państwowe w Płocku (State archive of Płock)" is in Polish, with good English and Russian versions. The archive also has departments in Kutno and Łeczyca. The archive is one of the oldest in Poland, established as the Płock Castle Archive, and its interesting history is told in the site. The holdings focus mainly on the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries and are particularly strong for the period of the PRL or the Polish People's Republic. The usual information on opening hours, location and accesibility are provided, as well as an online enquiry form. This is a site of interest to those carrying out research on Płock, Mazovia or Poland in general.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Przemyślu (State archive in Przemyśl)" provides information about this branch of the Polish State Archive. The site has good versions in English, German and Ukrainian. There are the usual details on accessibility, collections, opening hours and reprographic services. The collection contains holdings dating from 1291. One of the most interesting and extensive collections is that of documentation from the Greek-Catholic Bishopric between the end of the thirteenth century and 1946. There are also rich collections on eminent aristocratic Polish families such as the Czartoryskis, Lubomirskis, Potockis, and Tarnowskis. There are also records of the Jewish community. Comprehensive listings are available online of the ecclesiastical, municipal, judicial, and legal records throught the SEZAM, ELA and PRADZIAD centralised databases. The site also features the tables of contents of the "Historical-Archival Yearly". This is an informative site for those carrying out research on Przemyśl and its environs.
The Web Site "Archiwum Państwowe w Radomiu (State Archive in Radom)" is in Polish and English. The archive has been functioning since the early modern period, and found itself in the hands of the Austrians during the partitions. This is elaborated on in the brief history of the archive featured on the site. The archives are stronger in nineteenth and twentieth century holdings, but do have some municipal records from the early modern period. Of interest to genealogists and historians, are the registry records of Roman Catholic, Jewish, Orthodox, and Protestant communities. For those interested in the post-war history of Poland, the Radom archives are extremely rich in holdings on the PZPR. The link to SEZAM is useful for searching the records, as well as the publications list. The Polish variant of the site has a guest book.
The Web Site "Archiwum państwowe w Rzeszowie (The State Archive in Rzeszów)" is in Polish It provides the usual information on opening hours, holdings, accessibility, and the location of the archives. It has a particularly strong collection of records on the Jewish community, which is assigned to a dedicated department (The Jewish History Research Centre) within the archive. The Rzeszów holdings date from 1406 and consist of administrative, fiscal, agricultural, judicial, industrial, political, union, and military records. It has a good collection of family records of the Lubomirskis, Jaworskis, Potockis, and Mycielskis. A good site of use to those carrying out genealogical or historical research in this area of Poland.
The Web Site "Arhiv republike Slovenije (The archives of the republic of Slovenia)" provides information on the Slovene national archives, based in Ljubljana. The site is in Slovene, and English. The usual information about opening hours, accessibility, location, and collections are to be found on the site, as well as a brief history of the archive. Some of the holdings date from the ninth century, and consist of municipal, manorial, personal, ecclesiastical and judicial records. Collections can be searched on the online database. There is also a link to the section containing film archives. A travelling exhibition on "Slovene Towns Through History" is also posted on the site in PDF files. This is an excellent site for those carrying out research on Slovenia.
The Athanasius Kircher Correspondence Project presents digitised images of the correspondence of this neglected 17th century Jesuit thinker. Based in Rome, Kircher had one of the most wide-ranging intellects of his day, pursuing subjects as diverse as alchemy, Egyptology and engineering. Much of his research was based on correspondence with foreign thinkers, travellers and missionaries, and the collection digitised here is based on the 2,000 plus letters Kircher received from over 700 correspondents. The website provides information on recent publications and bibliographical data on works about Kircher and his correspondence. To view the correspondence itself, it is necessary to download the Insight program from the site: users can then search the database using a range of categories, and will be presented with digitised images of the letters relevant to their search terms.
This online version of an exhibition held in the Weston Gallery of the University of Nottingham, provides an introduction to the ecclesiastical courts of the 17th and 18th centuries. Using documents from the Archdeaconry of Nottingham, now deposited in the University's Library, the exhibition explains how they operated, and why they were nicknamed "the bawdy courts" due to the nature of many of the cases brought before them - these included illegitimacy, pre-marital sex and irregular marriages. The Archdeaconry courts also dealt with other aspects of local parish life such as religious dissent and recusancy, nonattendance at church, violence on church property, neglect of church buildings, and clerical misconduct, The exhibition was held to complement a conservation programme funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund, and the challenge of conserving and cataloguing the collection is explained on the final page of the online exhibition. Examples of some of the documents are shown, along with accompanying notes on a series of pages based upon the original exhibition display which was mounted by the Manuscripts and Special Collections department of the University Library, in the Lakeside Arts Centre in Nottingham, in 2004.
This excellent website provides access to discussion of the development of the church and state through the Reformation in the British Isles, along with discussion of the changes in the nature of both churches and palaces during this time. The easy-to-use website has several subject headings (church architecture; before the Reformation; the early palace of Westminster; shaping the modern church; and the later palace of Westminster). Each of these headings has various subsections which explain and discuss the topic at hand. There is a wealth of information available on this site, and it will be of particular use to undergraduate users starting research or study. Each heading mentioned above has an 'activity' to go along with it (which provides further information) and a quiz.
The Bibliography and Methods in Medieval Studies website is an online course outline with detailed bibliographies and links to resources for bibliographic research in medieval studies. The site is divided into sub-sections, representing the topics covered each week in the course, including: general bibliographies and Internet sources; medieval history sources; ecclesiastical sources; Latin authors and texts; interpretations of the Bible; the liturgy; hagiography; iconography; manuscript research; science; and popular culture and folklore. Each section is linked to a bibliography, covering "the major reference guides, encyclopaedias, bibliographies and electronic databases". Some of the links to electronic resources are only available to students and staff of the University of Illinois, but those that are freely available are worth looking at. There are also eight library exercises designed to train the undergraduate medievalist in the scholarly tools which make the discipline possible.
This is a direct link to a PDF file titled 'Birmingham Bibliography: an annotated bibliography focusing on Birmingham's built environment, particularly since the late-nineteenth century'. At June 2008, the 12,000-word bibliography has been through many revisions and editors, and is now current to January 2008. This current edition is freely provided online by the Strategic Development Research Unit at Birmingham City University in the UK. The bibliography was first published in print form as a chapter in the book 'Carl Chinn's Birmingham: bibliography of a city' (University of Birmingham Press, 2003), but has since been updated and expanded. This will be a useful and comprehensive starting point for those aiming to study aspects of the architecture and urban history of Britain's second-city - one of the main cities that drove the Industrial Revolution.
The 'Bodleian Library Broadside Ballads' website provides information on, and a database of digitised images of, ballads in the Bodleian Library. The collection consists of over 30,000 ballads from the 16th to the 20th century. Broadside ballads (popular songs) are an important source of information on popular, social, political, and religious culture, often as an alternative to more formal primary sources. The ballad broadsheets are also an excellent source of illustrations and as such inform the study of popular art. There is an integrated catalogue online and the ballads which are accompanied by notation have a sound file provided. Images (mainly woodcuts) can be searched using ICONCLASS. The documents can be searched by type, date, subject, and other fields; the images are large and of excellent quality. There is a strict access and usage agreement that must be agreed to before entering the site. This resource is likely to be of use to those with an interest in history, music, or English. The site has been updated last in 2005 thus some of the links are broken.
The web site Borderland is the English name for the Polish site called Pogranicze and introduces the activities of the Borderland Foundation which was created in 1990 to promote and liaise with borderland communities all over Europe. It is located in the Polish town of Sejny, located on the border with Lithuania - a town previously home to Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Orthodox, and Old Believer communities. The web site has been redesigned and functions now as a portal for all the projects run by this foundation. The foundation publishes the Krasnogruda journal, and the site introduces the latest issue. There are many writers and artists featured on the site, with presentations of their works and interviews. The documentation centre of the Borderland Foundation holds over 10,000 books, 5,000 magazines, 2,000 films and other forms of documentation on Central and East Europe. There are details of the Borderland school, a one-year training programme for managers and leaders in cultural, educational, and social organisations in Central and Eastern Europe. The site holds details of the many events in which the foundation takes part.
Breaking the Seal is the Open University website to accompany the television series of the same name, which investigates documents, what we can learn from them and the use and misuse of documents as evidence. The series was broadcast on BBC2, as part of the Open University's Open2 presentations. The website is divided into the subjects of the programmes: Domesday (the Domesday Book); Tax; History from Open2; Church records; Legal issues; and Land law. Written and presented by Bettany Hughes, there are expert contributors from archivists, curators, librarians and researchers from a wide range of institutions. From each subject page users can access a synopsis of that programme, the full script, a reading list, biographies of the experts involved and related web links including archives and local and family history. Each programme features one or more members of the public, who present a 'problem' linked to the programme's theme; this is then solved by using the document(s). This useful introduction to manuscript studies for school students, life-long-learners and undergraduates covers palaeography, archives administration, how to locate primary sources, how to use archival catalogues and indexes and how to interpret documentary evidence. There are links to Open University courses. Some links are broken.
The British Academy's John Foxe Project had as its chief aim the production of a definitive edition of Foxe's 'Acts and Monuments of the English Martyrs', also known as Foxe's Book of Martyrs. The project website offers further details about the aims of the project, project news, details of staff, and perhaps most importantly, a link to the online version of the edition of Foxe's work (one of the most important texts for the study of early English Protestantism) that was the fruit of the project's labours. The project, which began in 1993, was originally funded by the British Academy, and subsequently supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB), now the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
This Britannica.com website contains an extract from Gervase of Canterbury's Thomas Becket's Life, from his History of the Archbishops of Canterbury. Gervase (d.1205) was a monk in Canterbury who knew Becket. The extract concerns Becket's time as archdeacon of Canterbury during the reign of Henry II; political events during his rule as archbishop; Becket's disputes with the king. The extract is short, but is a fascinating insight into perceptions of Becket during the period in which he lived. The excerpt is taken from 'The Church Historians of England,' published in 1853. The source provided here would be a good study aid or teaching tool to complement a larger history course at the secondary or early undergraduate level.
The website 'British History in-depth' is the main page of the BBC History site that relates to British history. The site is divided into sections focusing on the following time periods and themes: the Normans; the middle ages; the Tudors; Civil War and revolution; Empire and sea power; Abolition of the Slave Trade; the Victorians; life on the home front during the First and Second World War and modern Britain. Each section contains a range of articles, supplemented by image galleries and interactive learning activities. Links to other relevant Web resources are also provided, both within the BBC website and elsewhere, including timelines and message boards. Although the site is best suited to those wanting a general overview of the subjects covered (perhaps new undergraduates, or those teaching introductory courses), some sections contain articles by eminent scholars which may be of interest to more advanced students. The site is attractively presented and easy to use.
The website 'British History in-depth: Normans' is the main page of the BBC History website's section on the Normans, offering a useful and attractively illustrated introduction to this crucial period of British history. Starting with an overview of the period 1066 to 1154, there are also articles on the background to and consequences of the Norman conquest; 1066 and the Battle of Hastings; the Domesday book; Norman art and architecture, including castles, cathedrals and the Bayeux Tapestry. These are supplemented by image galleries and interactive learning activities. This resource is perhaps best suited to those wanting a general overview of the subject (new undergraduates or those teaching introductory courses), although some sections do contain articles by eminent scholars which can be printed off for ease of use. The site is attractively presented and simply laid out. Links to other relevant Web resources are also provided: a short list is given at the bottom of the main page, with longer selections alongside individual articles within the section. There is also a timeline and message boards.
The website 'The British Library Online Gallery: Illuminated Manuscripts' is an online exhibition of the BL, containing over 3000 images taken from the library's collection of illuminated manuscripts. The site is introduced by the curator, and contains images chosen from manuscripts dating from the 8th to the 15th centuries, including: annals; medical treatises; hagiographies; psalters; bestiaries; chronicles; and religious works. Celebrated manuscripts such as the Lindisfarne Gospels and the Sherborne Missal are represented, as would be expected, but perhaps more interesting are the images from the less showy manuscripts that constitute the greater part of the library's collection. The images chosen include: marginalia; heraldic art; illuminated and historiated initials and miniatures. This resource would be of use to all those interested in the cultural and intellectual history of the medieval period, as well as scholars and students of art history and manuscript studies. Users can browse the illuminated manuscripts collection by title and date or use the link to the catalogue. Once selected, the images are presented with a short description and can be viewed either as a large image or as smaller image in which users can zoom and pan (requires Flash).
"British Origins" is a service of Origins.net for genealogy and family history research and genealogy data in England and Wales. The website provides exclusive access to the Society of Genealogists' records: indexes to marriages, wills, witness depositions and apprentice records that relate to England and Wales. The Society's collections bring together thousands of source materials such as parish registers and bishops' transcripts, monumental inscriptions and censuses, local history, as well as a collection of members' deposits of research notes on families. As important are the unique indexes and finding aids that have been compiled from a number of sources that enable access to a vast fund of useful genealogical data. These indexes and abstracts are only available online via British origins. The database available here contains records dating from 1538 to 1850 which can be ordered online (for a fee and for limited search periods) and contain over one million names covering 1568-1850. These indexes allow you to locate otherwise inaccessible source documents created by the Church of England Courts and London Livery Companies, including: Boyd's Marriage Index, 1538-1840 (from English parish marriage registers, Bishop's Transcripts and marriage licences for a growing number of English counties); Vicar-General Marriage Licence Allegations Index, 1694-1850; Faculty Office Marriage Licence Allegations Index, 1701-1850; Bank of England Will Extracts Index, 1717-1845; Archdeaconry Court of London Wills Index, 1700-1807; London City Apprenticeship Abstracts, 1568-1850; London Consistory Court Depositions Index, 1700-1713; Apprentices of Great Britain: 1710-1774; Boyd's Inhabitants of London: 14th-19th centuries; Boyd's London Burials; and Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills: 1750-1800. Although English Origins provides access to information about people who lived in or had connections with England, it will inevitably include items of interest for Wales and Scotland. (Probate courts would examine estates that included property outside of England, and for certain periods the bishops' transcripts of Welsh parishes would have been lodged in England.There is an excellent introduction to starting to trace your family history offering pointers towards research techniques and resources such as archives, libraries, Internet resources and societies - but emphasising the value of one's own living relatives. Another useful tool is the ability to restrict searches to the most recent and updated records from some of the datasets - allowing you to only look up the new records that have been added since you last searched the database.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Bromyard Workhouse Database, 1840' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The aim of this dataset is to investigate the time spent in a workhouse by inmates. The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited text files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of: (Poor law) Workhouse admissions and discharges; date admitted; date discharged; length of time spent in workhouse; Inmate name; age; parish responsible for pauper; occupation; illegitimacy; marital status; able bodied or disabled; financial support from a charity; reason for entering workhouse; cleanliness; religion; person responsible for admitting or discharging pauper (board of guardians, overseers of the poor, relieving officer, master); date of entry in register; pauper classification; behaviour whilst in workhouse; other information.
Edited by John Thomas and Angela Constantinides Hero, and housed within the Dumbarton Oaks online research library and collection, 'Byzantine Monastic Foundation Documents' is the electronic version of an academic publication of the same name offering details and translations of Byzantine 'Typika' (the technical term for these foundation documents) from the 7th to the 15th centuries. Byzantine Typika essentially outline the customs and regulations of a monastic community of a given Orthodox Church while delineating their legal and economic status. However unlike the Rules of the Latin west, they could also be highly personal and not strictly focused on the foundations or structure of a monastic institution. This electronic text contains over 50 distinct documents from the Orthodox Church making this resource, according to the editors, the only collection of Typika ever assembled for academic study. Chapters are organised by century and then listed either by author or by the community to which they are attached. For those unfamiliar with this topic, each section, and the entire book itself, is prefaced by a brief historical introduction that will assist the uninitiated in orientating themselves. Thus, as all of these texts are available in English translation, this resource will be of interest to both students and researchers focussed on monastic communities, regulations or simply generally curious about the Byzantine Middle Ages. At the end of the almost 2,000 pages of this publication, there is a substantial bibliography covering not only monastic traditions, but also a wide variety of Byzantine cultural topics.
Cadw, 'the official guardian of the built heritage of Wales', is the Welsh Assembly's historic environment division and is responsible for protecting, conserving and promoting a numerous and diverse range of sites. This attractive and well laid out website includes extensive information on Welsh monuments, buildings, parks, gardens, landscapes and underwater archaeology. The places to visit section includes a map with links to descriptions and images of historic sites. There are details of opening hours, admission prices and an events programme. The learning and discovery pages include information on castles through history, including those of the Welsh princes and of Edward I, with detailed information on specific sites and resources for teachers. Owners of historic properties can access advice about listed building status and securing grants. The legislation section details laws relating to heritage protection and guidance on access and listing. Cadw has many guides and publications, some of which can be viewed online or downloaded as a pdf file, although others can only be purchased in hard copy. The site is also available in Welsh.
Digitised images of the published Calendar of Patent Rolls covering the period 1216 to 1452 can be browsed or searched for free on this site created by G.R. Boynton and the University of Iowa Libraries. Recording royal grants and orders made by letters patent, or open, the patent rolls are an essential source for English medieval history, whether political, social, legal, financial, ecclesiastical or diplomatic. Whilst the published Calendars of Patent Rolls are available in academic libraries and the original manuscripts are held in The National Archives, through this site the contents are much more accessible. However, there are problems with this website, which consists of scanned pages from the published Calendar of Patent rolls, with a front page that offers only a simple browse or search facility. There is no explanation of how to use the website and no introduction to the patent rolls themselves, presumably because the site was created as a teaching resource for students at University of Iowa. However, as the first attempt to digitise the contents of the Calendar of Patent Rolls, this remains a useful resource, particularly for historians and researchers already familiar with their contents. For the period 1216 to 1232, the full text of the patent rolls is provided and is in Latin, whilst from 1232 to 1452, the text is calendared and is in English.
This is the website of the Canadian Society of Church History, founded in 1960 as a non-denominational organisation dedicated to encouraging research into the history of Christianity in Canada, as well as the history of Christianity more broadly. The Society holds an annual conference and publishes the papers delivered at each conference in its annual journal, 'Historical Papers: Canadian Society of Church History'. The tables of contents of past issues of 'Historical Papers' are made freely available on the site. In addition, information for those wishing to subscribe to the journal, order back issues, and/or become members of the Society is readily available. English and French versions of the site's text appear alongside one another. Unfortunately, some users may find that the chosen combination of colours makes the site a little difficult to read.
This section of the official website of Canterbury Cathedral provides information about their archives. Canterbury Cathedral Archives are the historic archive of the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury. The earliest records date from 742. The records of the Archbishops of Canterbury are held at Lambeth Palace Library. The website provides practical information for the potential researcher. There are contact details, information on opening hours, facilities and location, as well as an online guide on planning a visit. The website has some basic information on their collections - there are outline of their holdings listed by subject and type.
The Canterbury Cathedral Library website is part of the official website of Canterbury Cathedral and provides visitor and holdings information. The library currently contains approximately 30,000 books and pamphlets produced prior to 1900 and 20,000 printed after that date. The library, which is reference only, will accept any reader who has a legitimate interest in the collections. The site provides information about accessing the collections and opening hours. Details of catalogues are provided, as well as a link to the University of Kent's Web catalogue where the Cathedral Library's holdings are catalogued. The site also provides: brief descriptions of the main collections held by the library; a history of the library; and details of forthcoming events. This site would be of use to scholars and researchers.
The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church is a digital resource created and published by Salvador Miranda of Florida International University. The site provides biographies of the cardinals from the sixteenth to the twenty-first century and of the events and documents concerning the origin of the Roman cardinalate and its historical evolution. Users will also find on site a picture gallery of late nineteenth and twentieth century cardinals, a guide to events and documents from 76-2003, a bibliography, and a general list of cardinals from 112-2003.
This section of the "Gendercide watch" website focuses on the witchcraft persecution in both its historical and modern-day contexts. It is part of the website of an organisation called Gendercide Watch, a varied site dealing primarily with modern gendercide. Gendercide is defined by the organisation as "gender-selective mass killing", a term first used by Mary Anne Warren in the 1980s. These pages appear as a case study for a broad audience who are interested in the supposed historical background to gendercide. According to many scholars of witchcraft historiography, the appropriation of the witchcraft persecution in this way is not entirely, if at all, justified. The article is based on large quotations from a variety of other secondary sources such as academic work on the historical phenomenon of witchcraft published by Jenny Gibbons, Brian Levack, and Robin Briggs. There are attempts at addressing the causes, locations and motives for the witchcraft persecution. Opinions on the gender aspect of the persecution are somewhat contradictory, as with other points raised. Few firm conclusions are provided as to the historical aspects, but it is, somewhat controversially, employed to contextualise recent so-called witch-hunts in Zimbabwe, Kenya, and South Africa. Unfortunately, some of the links pertaining to newspaper articles are broken.
The Catalogue of Digitized Medieval Manuscripts is an online resource published by the University of California at Los Angeles which keeps track of the growing number of fully digitized manuscripts available on the Web. The site has a search engine which allows users to search online manuscripts according to date, location, author, title, shelfmark, languages, or provenance. A browse function offers users a quick grasp of what is available in this database under these and other headings. The sources are immediately and easily accessible. The site links to hundreds of manuscripts and promises thousands more, with the growing digitisation of these fragile, rare and valuable sources so essential for medievalists. Although some links were broken at the time of review, the site is regularly maintained and is an invaluable support for Medieval Studies.
Those searching for introductory information on medieval Christian heresies and fluent in French may wish to visit the website "Catharisme, hérésies médiévales et inédits". Created by one of the most widely recognized authorities on Catharism, Jean Duvernoy (Toulouse), the site offers brief background discussions on some of the most widely known heretical groups of the Middle Ages. Details and references for Cathars / Bogomils and Beguins, who flourished in western Europe during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries and were ultimately suppressed by Christian authorities on the basis of their supposed questionable sexual activity and dualistic belief in the relationship between body and soul. The site is an impressive collection of transcribed archival documents (registers, inquisition protocols) by following the links to the three main sections on the site: medieval heresies; primary sources; and unpublished texts. Those requiring further information can scroll through Jean Duvernoy’s weighty bibliography of his own publications. The site has not been updated since 2003 but the patient reader will find a wealth of sources for medieval heresies.
CELT Corpus of Electronic Texts is a large online collection of Irish cultural, historical, and literary texts (in: Irish; Latin; Hiberno-Norman French; and English). The works range from early medieval pieces through to 20th century literature. They are accompanied by: introductions; translations (where possible and necessary); and scholarly bibliographies. Images are also part of the presentation. On this site, users may: download fonts for Irish script (GaelA and GaelB); use the experimental search interface; browse texts by language; read more about the TEI, HTML, and SGML markup of the texts; and view chronologies and bibliographies of particular Irish scholars.
The Center for Study of the Life and Work of William Carey, D.D. (1761-1834) is based at William Carey College in the United States. The website presents a variety of primary and secondary source material about Carey and his work. The material on the site is divided into the following main sections: Baptist Missionary Society, Bible translations, bibliography, biographies, digital library, gazetteer and maps, Internet resources, memorabilia, missiology, philately and numismatics, portrait gallery and reference. The digital library provides access to a number of full-text works and articles from William Carey and his associates, including Carey’s 1972 manuscript ‘Enquiry’. The portrait gallery has nearly one hundred images relating to Carey and the gazetteer and maps page has over twenty images. It is not, currently, possible to search the site, but it is relatively straightforward to browse.
The website "The Centre for English Local History" introduces this research institute from the University of Leicester. study of English local history at the University of Leicester goes back to 1948, and it was the first University to offer an MA in that subject. Among other projects it houses the English Surnames Survey and the Nichols Archive project. The site contains a useful history of the department, information on its courses, and details of the module seminars for the MA degree. These seminars are linked to substantial web-based resources in various aspects of local history, including landscape history, medieval migration and manorial accounts. The pages give details of the Centre's seminars (given by visiting speakers), publications, and theses and dissertations. There is a link to course materials on medieval and early-modern palaeography. The Centre hosts web pages for four related organisations, the Whittlewood Project, the Friends of English Local History, the Vaughan Archaeological and Historical Society, and TASC (the Trans-national Database and Atlas of Saints' Cults).
The Centre for the Study of the Renaissance at the University of Warwick is an interdisciplinary centre which brings together specialists studying the Renaissance period within English studies, French studies, history, history of art, Italian studies and theatre studies. The Centre receives funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) to develop the AHRB Centre for the Study of Renaissance Elites and Court Cultures. The website provides information about the projects, activities and publications of the Centre. The Centre hosts three research projects: the Italian Elites project which studies the contribution of well-educated or high-ranking Italians to the social, political and cultural life of the Italian and European Renaissance; the Europa Triumphans project which studies court, city and religious festivals of the Renaissance and Early Modern periods; and the John Nichols Project which investigates Court Entertainment and civic pageantry. Each of these projects has a separate section on the website. The site also provides details of seminars and conferences organised by the Centre; the MA in Culture of the European Renaissance; subscription information for the Centre's printed journal, Renaissance Journal; and a useful selection of links to relevant resources.
This is the website of the Chapels Society: an organisation that seeks to foster public interest in, and knowledge of, the architectural and historical importance of all places of worship and their related structures in the United Kingdom, loosely described as Nonconformist. It also promotes the survival of these places of worship and works closely with the Historic Chapels Trust (which cares for and restores redundant chapels). A list of current activities is provided plus a page of links to other relevant websites. The Society publishes its own newsletter, The Chapels Society Newsletter bi-annually. The site is hosted by the Council for British Archaeology.
This website provides detailed information about Chartres Cathedral, one of the most notable examples of French Gothic architecture. The website is run by a charitable organisation, Chartres, sanctuaire de Monde, which aims to raise money to support the Cathedral. Sections of the site are devoted to the construction of the cathedral, the major programme of rebuilding undertaken in the 12th century and subsequent alterations to the fabric. Other areas of interest include sections on the iconographic significance of the important collection of stained glass and sculptures, and an account of the development of Chartres as a centre for pilgrimage in the medieval period. Although there is an English language version of the website, much of the more useful content is only available in French.
Christian Iconography is a website from Augusta State University, which is designed as a beginner's introduction to identifying Christian images in medieval and Renaissance art. The site can be searched using a Google custom search, or browsed by saint's name. Each section gives a description of the saint in question and the attributes and stories associated with them in art. Links to related images and texts are included in each section. The site also provides a bibliography and links to related sites. This site would be of use to students of art history, as well as medieval and Renaissance studies.
This is the website of the Church Monuments Society that encourages the appreciation, study and conservation of church monuments both in the UK and abroad. The website provides an introduction to the society, its meetings, lectures, symposia and excursions. There are also details on how to join the society, and an updated noticeboard. The publications section of the noticeboard provides a useful list of recent publications with short descriptive reviews. The notes and queries section may also be useful for academics or researchers and provides short articles online. The "links" section provides a list of websites for magazines, journals and other publications, societies and other organisations and sites that hold monument records. The journal link provides a list of articles (and short abstracts from 2001 onwards) published in the annual journal of the society "Church Monuments". Article titles from 1985-2008 are currently available but full-texts are not.
Lambeth Palace Library, in conjunction with the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, is digitising all the plans in the archive of the Incorporated Church Building Society (ICBS) to be presented here in 'Church Plans On-line'. Lambeth Palace Library is the principal library and record office for the history of the Church of England, (and the province of the Church in Wales). Some 11,800 plans and drawings are available from the ICBS archive covering the period 1818-1982, and includes plans and records of "where a church has been restored, converted or demolished" from the whole of England and Wales. Funded by the New Opportunities Fund and undertaken by Lambeth Palace Library working in partnership with University of Newcastle, Structural Images of the North-East (SINE), this archive is a record of the most significant period in church building since the middle ages and the single largest source for plans of new and existing churches in the country. Online, there is access to the catalogue, with digital images of all plans and drawings in the archive. The database provides a guide to the ICBS files and minute books. It records the church applying for a grant, the parish where it is not a parochial church, the county and diocese in which it was located, the reasons for applying for a grant, the covering dates of the papers, the numbers of plans or photographs, the names of architects or other professionals involved in the building project, and references to the minute books. In advanced searching all of these features are access points into the database. There is a 'Simple Search' facility by which you can interrogate the database of ICBS files by selecting one by place, area, people or firms, and/or by the date. There is a facility to zoom-in to view details of plans.
The Cistercians in Yorkshire website is a comprehensive and well-presented source of information on Cistercian history and practice in Britain. The Cistercian Order (or White Monks) arrived in the twelfth century, and was present in Britain until the dissolution of the Monasteries in the sixteenth. The site includes multimedia features and the intelligent use of hyperlinks to navigate the site. The central focus of the website is on the five major Cistercian abbeys in Yorkshire: Byland; Fountains; Kirkstall; Rievaulx; and Roche. For each of these abbeys there are web pages about their location, history, buildings, lands, and people. A full A-Z directory of other British and Irish Cistercian abbeys is also provided, giving brief histories and summary information for each abbey, such as whether the ruins are accessible to the public. The website also provides extensive information about Cistercian life (divided into topic areas) and a general history of the order. A glossary of terms is included, as is a list of prominent people with short biographies. Multimedia features include three-dimensional reconstructions of buildings and video clips of architecture and architectural features. Articles and essays are clear and succinct, and accompanied by full scholarly footnotes. The Cistercians in Yorkshire project is funded by the UK Lottery 'New Opportunities Fund'. The site does not give any indication of its date of creation or last update. A text only version is available.
The "Civil War" website offers detailed analysis of the personalities, events and battles of the English Civil War era. It considers the sixteenth and seventeenth century history of upheaval, during which the English Civil War was "a truly profound political event in Europe... part of a wider struggle for supremacy between Catholics and Protestants in Europe". During this period, the Stuart kingdoms of Scotland, England and Ireland, and the Principality of Wales were ripped apart by religious and political unrest. The "aftershocks" continue to affect British and Irish politics to the present day. The website accompanies Tristram Hunt's television series of the same name for BBC2/the Open University. This was filmed in a fresh style, with Hunt's narrative, reconstructions and re-enactments bringing seventeenth century events and individuals to life in "a vivid and engaging manner" - which viewers either loved or hated. There is so much content - text, images and multimedia - and so many ways to navigate the resources that the home page, at first, seems cluttered and confusing. However, familiarity soon takes over as a consistent placing of navigation bars aids the user's journey through this online experience. There is also an excellent "About This Site" section that is visible from all pages. Here you can find out very swiftly how to navigate through the six main chapters and 21 sub-sections of the site - and how to jump to video overviews, and use the interactive time-line, or find particular crucial events of the Civil War, for example: each of the six chapters begins with an Overview, accompanied by a short two to three minute video in which Tristram Hunt summarises the story and key contents of each section. Viewing these videos in quick succession offers a summary of the entire history of the Civil War in less than twenty minutes; If you are looking to examine a specific point in the Civil War period, use the interactive time-line which arranges the story chronologically and links to specific points in time; as an examination of Europe, Ireland and Britain is crucial to an understanding of the Civil War, the site presents a series of maps looking at these dimensions; Profiles of the key players in the Civil War era (including Oliver Cromwell and King Charles I) provides further background on their motivations and the parts they played. Learn More explains how the website and TV series relate to the Open University syllabus, and contains a reading list of recommended books and links to other online resources; and you can also download a complete transcript of the website (rich text file - .rtf). The website's design reflects the TV series' fresh, heavily designed style, and offers additional insight into the era's personalities and tensions, while standing-alone from the TV series as an independent and valuable resource.
The Clergy of the Church of England Database is an online relational database containing records of the careers of all clergymen of the Church of England between 1540 and 1835. The database provides an extensive research tool for historical researchers who wish to find biographical information about individual clergymen in early modern times, making it possible for the user to trace individuals across parishes, chronological and geographical patronage, and more structural investigations of the Church of England. The database contains records from all 27 dioceses of England and Wales which are held at 51 diocesan repositories and other archives and libraries. The primary records listed from the diocesan collections include registers, subscription books, licensing books, and liber cleri or call books. Where these records are fragmentary, other types of records have been consulted, including bishops' transcripts of parish registers, wills, taxation records, and surveys of clergy. The website also features a list of people involved in the project, and an explanation of the database. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Research Grants scheme.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Colchester Primitive Methodist Baptismal Register, 1834-1877" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This dataset contains a transcription of a baptismal register (identical in format to a post-1813 parish baptismal register) found in the Essex Record Office under the accession number D/NM 2/2/2. Information on when a child was baptised, the child's Christian name, the parents' names (in turn subdivided into Christian and Surname), Abode, Quality, Trade or Profession, and entries of by whom the Ceremony was performed can be found in the dataset. In the original document, there was no column for date of birth but this has been included with the date of baptism in about 35 per cent of cases. Also in the original document, the rows are numbered consecutively and there are eight rows per page, making a total of 800 printed spaces. However, some rows have been left blank while others have been sub-divided.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Colchester Primitive Methodist Property Schedules, 1859-1864" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This resource is a transcription of a bundle of property schedules covering the period 1859 to 1864, representing 10 different chapels. They are concerned the original construction of the chapel, the current structural and financial situation, the population, membership, capacity and attendance, the potential for development in terms of land, rents, registration, insurance and enrolment and a balance sheet of annual income and expenditure.
The website of the Conference on Faith and History provides information about this organisation, which is composed of Christian historians and scholars dedicated to considering the relationship between faith and historical studies. The Conference aims to provide a forum for discussing recent historical scholarship and to foster scholarship in the general area of faith and history. The Conference meets once every two years, and publishes a journal entitled 'Fides et Historia' twice a year. The site makes available the tables of contents of a number of past issues of the journal, while the book reviews can be downloaded in full in PDF. The Conference also publishes a newsletter periodically containing news of recent activities and events, and this can be viewed on the site in PDF format. The Conference is affiliated with the American Historical Association. Information for those wishing to become members of the Conference or subscribe to the journal is available.
Confraternitas is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes: articles; news; reviews; and notes of interest to scholars studying any aspect of Early Modern confraternities (guilds and religious brotherhoods). The journal is published by the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies (CRRS) at the University of Toronto, for the Society for Confraternity Studies. The website provides: information for contributors to the journal; tables of contents for the current and back issues of the journal (from 1990); details of how to subscribe and purchase back issues; details of the Society's conference yearly conference sessions; more information on the Society itself; and links to the CRRS website. This resource would be of interest to students and scholars working in the fields of medieval and early modern history.
The Web Site "Cornell University Library Witchcraft Collection" provides an excellent and annotated description of the holdings of the university library, which are quite exceptional in the field of witchcraft, demonology and superstition. The collection comprises over 3,000 titles (including manuscripts of witchcraft trial records), of which the majority were acquired in the 1880's through the perseverance of Andrew Dickson White and George Lincoln Burr. The site provides details of the titles and editions, as well as an essay on the literature of witchcraft by Edward Peters, Henry Charles Lea Professor of History at University of Pennsylvania. The collection includes fourteen Latin editions of the Malleus Maleficarum, and boasts a copy of the extremely rare first edition printed before April 1487. Other staples of demonology were also acquired such as works by de Lancre, Bodin, Boguet, Loos, and Mather. Alphabetical listing is by author or by title and through clicking on the link the user can read the text either in its original form or transcribed. At the time of cataloguing the search facility was not working and not all of the titles were available. This project represents an invaluable resource for those researching, studying or writing about witchcraft in early modern Europe and North America. Coverage predictably is confined more or less to Western Europe, which is its only weakness.
"Corsair" is a searchable repository of pictures of medieval and Renaissance manuscripts by The Pierpont Morgan Library. This website also contains data about other materials which form part of the collection, including: ancient seals; cuneiform tablets; drawings; rare printed books; and musical scores. All data are accessible via simple search forms. The library has plans for the digitisation of its entire collection of rare materials and all pictures will be accessible via this website. Introductory pages on all sections of the collections are already available. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
The website "Credenda Agenda" provides information about the bimonthly journal, which explores "all areas of life from a biblical, classical Protestant perspective". It is part of the Christ Church and Canon Press ministries and offers a support letter twice a year. The site includes a statement of faith, affirming the journal's doctrinal editorial policy, which is based on classical Protestantism. The page includes a search engine, back issues, and articles by column, as well as information about subscriptions. The journal covers a lively range of topics including: in praise of escapism; the Salem witch trials of 1692; a reformed appreciation of C.S.Lewis; sex and the reformation; poetry and the Anglo-Saxon mind; and the Jewishness of Christianity. The site is an interesting source of alternative views on a variety of contemporary and historical issues.
Cahiers de recherches médiévales (CRM) is the website of a French journal devoted to interdisciplinary study of the Middle Ages. The journal's official languages are French and English, but articles in: Italian; Spanish; Portuguese; and German will also be considered (depending on subject). The journal also looks at the interpretation of the medieval period during the Renaissance and up to the present day. Each issue of the journal presents articles on a main theme and several sub-themes, together with book reviews. The full text of articles from issues more than three years old are available on the site, which can be searched via an author index, or alternatively via the site's keyword search facility. The website also provides a statement of the journal's aims, as well as: contact details; details of the editorial board; subscription information; notes for submission of articles; and details of the themes for forthcoming issues. This site would be of interest to scholars and students studying any aspect of the Middle Ages, especially those interested in Europe.
Conceived and developed by Dr. E. L. Skip Knox at Boise State University, 'The Crusades' is an online undergraduate course that covers these wars. The course is taught for credit via the university, but Knox has made the vast majority of his site accessible to anyone interested in the subject. Each unit of the module comprises a series of recommended readings, of which the majority can be accessed via links to external sites. Knox has also written and posted a substantial quantity of lecture notes on each of the crusades, and includes map of the relevant geographical areas, plus a timeline of the period. All are openly available and together they offer a thorough and complete introduction to this turbulent and frequently bloody period, suitable for the undergraduate level. Though obviously designed for students new to the subject, this site may also be of considerable interest to more advanced academics, as a model for constructing an effective Internet-based learning environment.
The website "The Damned Art" describes an exhibition of books related to the history of witchcraft and demonology, originally displayed in 1985 at the University of Glasgow. The collection of books was drawn predominantly from the Ferguson Collection, named after the Regius Professor of Chemistry, John Ferguson (1837-1916), which features books on chemistry, alchemy, astrology, Cabbalism, Rosicrucians, magic, and witchcraft. The website lists the editions of the books displayed and provides brief comments on the author and the work. Images from some of the books are also included. This is an invaluable collection for anyone carrying out primary research on demonology or the intellectual, social and cultural history of the witchcraft persecutions of the early modern period. The works are divided into those on England, New England, Scotland, and the Continent. There are five pre-1500 copies of the Malleus Maleficarum, and classic works by authors such as Molitor, Nider, Weyer, Bodin, Rémy, Del Rio, Scott, and Gifford. However the collection also has more unusual and rare editions such as Cassini's "Questione de le Strie", possibly one of three extant copies. The website is a good bibliographical reference and introduction to the literature of what is now being termed "witchcraft theory" rather than demonology. However, users should bear in mind that as this exhibition dates from 1985, the section on further reading does not take into account more recent developments in the historiography of witchcraft scholarship.
This Web page, part of LUDOS - the University of Leeds' library of digital objects - is a prosopographical database of Melrose Abbey charters to the end of 14th century, resulting from the AHRC-funded project 'Survival and Success on Medieval Borders: Cistercian Houses in Medieval Scotland and Pomerania'. The database, based on the Bannatyne Club edition of Melrose Abbey charters (Liber de Melros, ed. C. Innes, vol 1-2, 1837) consists of four related tables: Charter; Location; Names; Persons, which may be downloaded as .csv files. A fuller description of these tables is provided.
This website is devoted to the work of Domenico Ghirlandaio in decorating the Sassetti Chapel. Francesco Sassetti, a wealthy banker, had acquired the rights of patronage to a small side chapel, the second to the right of the choir in the Florentine church of Santa Trinità. Ghirlandaio was commissioned to paint the chapel, which he decorated with frescoes with scenes from the life of St Francis of Assisi between 1482 and 1485. The website contains digital photographs of the paintings in the chapel, with information about each painting. There is also a postcard service, which allows you to send by email a postcard of a selected painting, with your own message. A summary of the works of Ghirlandaio provides links to reproductions and descriptions of other paintings. A navigation line also gives access, by a simple index, an index of artists, or a search facility, to many other photographs from the Web Gallery of Art.
Depicting Devotion is an online exhibition hosted by Washington University Libraries, in collaboration with: the Saint Louis Art Museum; Saint Louis University; and the Saint Louis Public Library. The exhibition describes the various parts of a medieval book of hours, with images from Washington Universities Special Collections holdings to illustrate each section. The exhibition also provides an introduction and a short essay on the history of the manuscript in France, as well as a bibliography. The images can be enlarged for better viewing, but are often still not large enough to show detail. The site would be a good introduction to the subject for students of medieval iconography, as well as those studying western manuscripts.
The Web Site of the "Diecezja Drohiczyńska" is in Polish and contains information about the Drohiczyn diocese's archive and museum. It is quite a rich archive with holdings mainly pertaining to the ecclesiastical records, but with a substantial section on the Jewish community. A brief history of the archive reveals its relatively new history. The site provides a listing of the holdings which include: parish records; monastery records; episcopal and diocesan records; memoires; plans and maps; early manuscripts and printed sources; and a collection of photographs, microfilms, and videos. The catalogues of the holdings can be downloaded in MS Word .DOC files. The site is of great use to those researching the history of different confessions, ethnicities, and Jewish communities in Poland and the areas now within Belarus and Ukraine.
The Digital Atlas of England Project aims to satisfy the need for publicly available information on the UK's churches in an easily accessible form through the creation of a permanent digital image bank of architecturally and historically interesting sites in England. The Atlas only records those buildings recorded in Nikolaus Pevsner's Buildings of England series built prior to 1900 and as a result does not cover those in most large towns and cities. The project director is focusing on Anglican parish churches, and their structure and contents (including Royal Arms, pews, stained glass, pulpits and of course tombs). This site displays sample images, although it appears that the aim is to produce a range of CD-ROMs containing the images, and featuring the Panorama programme which is used by the project. Details for the purchase of the CD-ROMs are given, though at the time of writing this they were out of print. The good quality sample images indicate the standard of this project. The Atlas website provides information about the project, including a record of the number of photographs created. The website also contains a record open and locked churches in England, an interesting photographer's blog with contributions from the photographers for the project, and an invitation to join an email discussion list of the site. Free registration is required in order to access the full content of the View Buildings section of the site.
'Discovery and Reformation' is a history website introducing students to the period between the discovery of the New World and the end of the Thirty Years War. The site focuses on the impact of the discovery of the Americas, and the Reformation and its consequences. It forms part of an online course called 'World Civilizations', run by the Washington State University, and aimed at first-year university undergraduates. The site is divided according to various headings such as 'the Spanish Empire', 'John Calvin', or 'Religious Wars'. Each section consists of a basic narration of the key events and ideas, sometimes including links to glossary entries or other resources. There are extracts from Calvin's 'Institutes' about civil government, and from Martin Luther's 'The Freedom of the Christian'. The site is attractive and clearly laid out. It should provide a useful introduction to this period of European history for those previously unacquainted with it.
The Dumbarton Oaks Hagiography Database assembles a considerable amount of reference material on hagiographic texts concerned with the lives of Byzantine saints and their activities between the eighth and tenth centuries. Inside the database, a record has been created for each saint's 'vita' detailing the name, location, date of death, and author of the 'vita', as well as the approximate date of composition. The structure of the database is quite sophisticated. One can either consult the general name lists of saints and/or hagiographers, or use the search features to isolate specific thematic categories or even exact phrases that appear in the text of the vita. The result offers brief bibliographic information on each saint and, most importantly, details of full-text publications. All users of this database should consult the introduction, accessible through a PDF-file: in addition to helpful background information, this section includes ninety pages of biographical material, listing virtually every saint from this period. Each of these entries briefly summarises their lives and recent academic studies and resources about them.
The Durham Liber Vitae Project was a joint project between the AHRB Centre for North-East England History, University of Durham and the Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College, London. The project ran from 200-2003. The Durham Liber Vitae is one of seven surviving libri memoriales from the Carolingian period, and the only English example of its date. The book contains several thousand names of persons in some way associated with the church of St Cuthbert from the 8th to the 16th century. Libri Vitae have the potential to cast considerable light on how major churches interacted with contemporary lay and ecclesiastical society and what these interactions can show about the basis of the churches' position and their role in defining the communities and the regions to which they related. The website gives information about the project, including: details of research publications, bibliographies and seminars; some brief information about the computerised edition project; and a description of British Library, MS Cotton Domitian VII which contains the Durham Liber Vitae. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) under the Resource Enhancement Scheme.
E-ressourcer (formerly known as Elektra) is an online resource developed by the Department of Manuscripts and Rare Books at the Royal Library (Kongelige Bibliothek) in Copenhagen. It contains complete digital facsimile editions of manuscripts held in the library. The manuscripts on the website are divided into three categories: Middle Ages and Renaissance, 17th and 18th century, and Modern Manuscripts. Complete manuscripts have been digitised, including full bindings where present.The earliest manuscripts include books of hours, prayer books, and historical and scientific works, mostly from France, England and Germany, with texts in Latin, French or German. There is also an online exhibition: 'Living words & luminous pictures: Medieval Book Culture in Denmark' showing twelve medieval manuscript books held by the library.The four 17th-18th century manuscripts include an Inca Chronicle, an Edda, a description of Greenland and an illustrated work on ancient monuments. The modern manuscripts are by Scandinavian writers, including Hans Christian Andersen and Henrik Ibsen. Diaries, letters and literary manuscripts are included in the collection.Each manuscript is accompanied by a description of its background and content, its official location, and its format. Most descriptive matter is in English, but the Scandinavian manuscripts, particularly the modern ones, offer Danish text only.The full colour images are copyrighted, but may be downloaded or printed for personal, scientific or educational purposes. The website can be viewed both in Danish and in English. The website is of best benefit to the general public who may be interested in learning about and accessing library collections.
This website provides access to images of 423 petitions which were submitted to the Virginia legislature between 1774 and 1802. The petitions come from over eighty counties and cities, and cover issues such as the debate over the separation of church and state, the rights of dissenters (for example Quakers and Baptists), the sale and division of property in the established church, and the dissolution of unpopular vestries. The website also has a brief chronology of religious developments in the United States and background information on some of the issues relating to 18th century petitioning in Virginia. Other features of the site include details on the project, links to related resources, and maps of early Virginia. It is possible to browse the petitions by the geographical location of the petitions' place of origin or by date. It is also possible to search the site. This site forms part of the American Memory website from the Library of Congress, and has been created in partnership with the Library of Virginia.
The Ecole (Early Church On-Line Encyclopedia) Initiative is a reference resource about the Christian church during its first 1,500 years. The site offers three main tools: first, a glossary which contains hundreds of brief descriptions on major figures within the early church. Secondly, a collection of longer articles covers major topics in medieval and classical Christianity. Thirdly, a chronology gives brief details of significant events in ecclesiastical and secular history from 55 BCE to the end of the 15th century. Hyperlinks between the sections are provided where relevant. The site also offers a bibliography and a list of links to related resources; however, the site is unfortunately no longer being maintained, and remains online chiefly for archival purposes. Consequently users should note that the bibliography will not include the most recent works, and it is likely that the external links will decay over time. Nevertheless, the locally hosted material offers a useful introduction to early church history.
This website on Queen Elizabeth I is published in conjunction with the National Maritime Museum exhibition celebrating the 400th anniversary of the last Tudor monarch's death. The site is very easy to navigate, and provides a large amount of information on Elizabeth I's life and reign. The site is split into chapters, dealing with Elizabeth's life chronologically, and there are also additional resources in the form of a glossary and a select bibliography of texts and websites. The chapters cover the following topics: Young Elizabeth, which looks at her early life and experiences, with events such as the Seymour Scandal; Elizabeth's England, which discusses the changes she made, with measures like the Elizabethan religious settlement; and The Queen's Court, which explores Tudor life, entertainment, and the Sumptuary Laws. Following these there is Elizabeth's Adventurers that looks at sixteenth century English overseas ambitions; Representing the Queen, which discusses the image Elizabeth created, and the importance of imagery and symbolism in her portraiture; and Threats to the Crown, which explores the domestic and foreign hostility she faced from Mary Queen of Scots and Spain. The final chapter, Elizabeth's Final Years, describes the Queen's relationships with the Earl of Essex and Robert Cecil, and the end of the Tudor line. All of the texts are accompanied by good illustrations, while a glossary and a link to resources accompany the information on the site. This page as a whole provides a comprehensive introduction to Queen Elizabeth I's reign.
The end of Europe's Middle Ages website is one of a number of online tutorials published by the Applied History Research Group at the University of Calgary. The tutorial is aimed at undergraduate students studying the Renaissance and the early modern period, who wish to gain a brief overview of the preceeding period. However this resource also provides good materials for any student interested in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. The site won a Britannica Internet Guide Award for quality, accuracy, and content, and is well-illustrated and presented. The history of this period is divided into sections, including: intellectual life; visual arts; music; literature; the church; eastern Europe; Italy's city states; Ottoman Turks; and feudal institutions. A tutorial instructions sections explains the coloured dots system used in the materials. The site provides a bibliography and a useful selection of related links. The was last updated in 2001 and is now archived.
This site is published by ExLibris, and it provides a useful reference guide to religious dissenters in seventeenth century England. The site covers groups that appeared before and during the English Civil War, as well as those present throughout the Interregnum. Twenty-one dissenting groups are listed, including the Adamites, Jacobites, Levellers, Lollards, Muggletonians, Puritans and Quakers. For each group there is a general history, biographies for key individuals, and a guiding list of primary and secondary sources. There is also a wider bibliography on dissenters in general available, and a selection of relevant websites. A related subsite deals with early English music from 1385 to 1714.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'English Episcopal Acta, 1064-1305' dataset now hosted by ESDS and formerly hosted by the History Data Service (HDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as tab delimited files. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The Episcopal Acta Project collects and edits the surviving charters issued by English bishops from the Norman Conquest to the start of bishops' registers in each diocese. It aims to provide information about the English Church from the eleventh to thirteenth centuries. The Episcopal Acta Database was designed in 1995-6 in conjunction with the British Academy Computing officer. In 2002 a searchable front end was developed. Each individual manuscript of a document edited in the English Episcopal Acta Series has a record entry within the database, recording provenance, dates, sealing and measurements for documents surviving as original charters, a description of contents, notes on the charter as contained in the series, and details of previous printings of the documents again as contained in the printed series. There is also a link to a full transcript of the charter as edited in the printed series.
This website describes the project entitled English Landholding in Ireland, c. 1200-c. 1360. As the title implies, the project aims to establish a record of absentee landlords' holdings in Ireland, changes in patterns of landholding, its significance in the context of the relationship between Ireland and Britain, and eventually a publicly-accessible database. This project is of interest to those studying this period in the history of Ireland and Britain, in patronage, religious property holdings and the interplay between property, identity, and politics, and is at the forefront of current historiography on issues of centre and periphery in Europe. The project will address the questions of whether property in Ireland was viewed as an asset or a liability, by what methods it changed hands, and its effects on the socio-economic links between Ireland and Britain. The website provides a bibliography of useful works on the subject, an explanation of the basic questions to be addressed by the research, and contact details for the project team. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
This is the website for the English Monastic Archives (EMA) Project, which is working to reconstruct the archives of English monasteries and to research the origins of record-keeping in England. The ongoing project presents the results as three online searchable database, covering 'Religious Houses', 'Properties' and 'Archives'. The project is based in the History Department of University College London and is directed by Professor David d'Avray. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
The Episcopus Society is dedicated to fostering the study of bishops in medieval society. The website of the society provides an international directory of scholars involved in this field, aimed at encouraging the sharing of information amongst researchers, lecturers and students. Also available on the site are: links to online translations of relevant medieval texts; details of upcoming events; and a list of members' publications. The society does not charge fees to join, and encourages students and scholars to contribute to its work. This resource would be of interest to those researching medieval theology, or western medieval history more generally.
The Web page "Ergotism : the Satan loosed in Salem?" offers an online edition of an essay by Linnda Caporael, first published in 1976 in the journal "Science". It seeks to provide an explanation of the outbreak of witchcraft accusations and trials in Salem in 1692, suggesting that poisoning by rye or bread contaminated with ergot (a parasitic fungus) produces symptoms similar to those displayed by some of the girls who claimed they were victims of witchcraft. The case is clearly argued, and Caporael's essay provides a good introduction to the multitude of explanations offered for the phenomenon. By mapping out the crop locations in the village and citing witness evidence, the author shows that it was possible that many of the protagonists in the trials suffered from ergotism. This is a useful essay for those studying Arthur Miller's "The Crucible", American studies, witchcraft in history, or medical history; however, users should note that Caporael's explanation of the events at Salem has not found universal favour among the scholarly community, and has been criticised on a number of points.
The website 'Essays in Medieval Studies' is the online version of this annual, published (1984- ) simultaneously in print and online editions. The online volumes from 1984-2000 are freely available on the Web. Subsequent volumes are being published via Project Muse by Johns Hopkins University Press and can be accessed only through a subscription. The Journal is interdisciplinary in nature, and its contents are chosen from the annual meeting of the Illinois Medieval Association. Since 1993, each volume has had a thematic focus based on the topic of the annual meeting. Recent themes, for example, have included the family, medieval communities, and emotions in the Middle Ages. A simple, full-text journal with few images, the site is fast and easy to navigate.
The Exeter Cathedral keystones and carvings website is the result of a long collaboration between medievalist, Avril Kay Henry, and professional conservator, Anna Carson Hulbert. It records more than 1,000 medieval ceiling and capital sculptures from Exeter Cathedral in Devon. Dating from the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, Exeter's sculptures help illustrate the transformation of the cathedral from a Norman to a Gothic structure. They are also significant in retaining much of their original medieval painted colour (polychromy). The catalogue comprises: images; descriptions; and textual commentary concerning: medieval bosses; corbels; labelstops; and figurative capitals within the cathedral. The site can be read as a conventional book (via its contents page), with links to its illustrations; or alternatively, users can search directly for images or can view them within the context of the cathedral plan (which uses Flash). The images are presented in black and white, or colour where the colour is original and significant. Many images are accompanied with detailed descriptions, and offer the option of viewing an enlarged version. The catalogue also includes: abbreviations; footnotes; and an extensive bibliography. The site should be of interest to medieval and art historians as well as general readers interested in cathedral architecture of this period. The website can be accessed via the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS) site.
The ExLibris website provides detailed discussion on religious dissenters prior to, during, and just after the English Civil Wars and Interregnum. The website also provides an extensive list of English music's greatest works (and, where available, the composers) from 1385 to 1714. The discussion of the dissenters is divided by religious grouping (so, for example, there is a section on Baptists and a section on Muggletonians) and each area provides details on the group's aims, goals, achievements and influential leaders. There is a considerable bibliography which, although missing a few details on some publications, is of very wide scope and highly beneficial to any student or researcher in English religious, social or political history. The English 'musick' section is split into chronological order, with seven separate areas, and also has a very detailed and lengthy bibliography.
The Franciscan Archive is an all-in-one gateway for information about Franciscan life and history as well as the order's major thinkers and figures. Maintained by Brother Alexis Bugnolo, the layout of the home page is reminiscent of a newspaper with articles divided up into a variety of sections that include theology, liturgy, documents and history. When selected, the user discovers that each section is constructed out of external links and transcriptions from original spiritual texts that are available in English, Latin and occasionally Spanish. Not surprisingly there is a massive amount of information available on St. Francis of Assisi and the establishment of the Franciscan order including biographies, medieval hagiographies, legends and the Saint's writings. However the site goes on much further by offering brief histories of other Christian saints associated with the Franciscan movements. Students at all levels will find this resource easy to use and appreciate the depth and variety of material collected. Scholars too will welcome the ongoing addition of electronic texts from and about medieval Franciscan figures.
The website "German 363: Witches - Myth and Historical Reality" has been published online by Professor Susan Cocalis of the University of Massachusetts. As well as essay guidance for undergraduate students, she also provides a cursory section on illustrations, and interestingly, a section on contemporary reports on witchcraft. Of most use to the student or even teacher, new to the field of witchcraft, are the lecture notes. These materials give a good impression of the material covered in the course and of useful topics. Subjects covered include: the importance of Tituba in the Salem witch trials (1692); possession; Puritanism; and the demonisation of medieval heretics. These can be read in PDF format. There is a lot of emphasis on pagan perspectives and media portrayals of the witch.
Gravely Gorgeous is a website devoted to the explanation, study, and admiration of gargoyles and grotesques. This site would be of great interest to anybody studying architecture, literature based upon architecture (such as Ruskin's "Stones of Venice", Thomas Hardy's novels in general, and most especially, Victor Hugo's "The Hunchback of Notre Dame"), or the concept of the grotesque in general. A brief history is given to explain the medieval development of the gargoyle (the water spout) and the grotesque (corbels and capitals). However, the site is more focused on the Gothic Revival in the Victorian period, especially in England and France. The title for the page, is, in fact, taken from the words of Nathaniel Hawthorne on describing Pugin's design for the New Palace of Westminster that was built mid 19th-century. Notre Dame and the Troyes Cathedral are discussed at some length as some of the best examples of Gothic architecture with examples of gargoyles and grotesques. Charles Maryon and Seraphin Mederic Mieusement are given due attention because of their devotion to Gothic architecture in Paris and France. The gallery of images is stunning, and for that reason this site is highly recommended.
This website, part funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, explores the history and buildings of the Great Hospital, Norwich. Founded in 1249 the hospital still retains many of its original buildings and unique archives, giving a valuable picture of the life of the unwell poor over seven centuries. The website narrates the institution’s history, from its beginnings in the spiritual care of the poor to its modern day existence as sheltered housing for the elderly. The website uses high quality digitised images of key documents, photographs and three dimensional architectural illustrations to chart the evolution of the hospital as an institution.
This is an online bibliography for the study of medieval Church history, consisting of sections covering: primary sources; guides to using primary sources, divided geographically and by subject; guides to Latin (including dictionaries and specialised vocabularies, plus works on abbreviations, place names, and palaeography); guides to prosopography (information about individual people), topography, and chronology; general handbooks on Church history; and specialised encyclopaedias. The list is extensive and is equally useful to the beginner and to the more advanced researcher in the field. It is arranged on a single webpage, which allows for easy browsing. At time of review, the bibliography did not include works published after the mid 1990s. The list was compiled by Thomas Head at the Hunter College, City University of New York.
The Hagiography Society's website provides information on the Society and its activities. The Society, founded in 1900, is based at the University of Wisconsin--Madison and aims to promote interdisciplinary communication between scholars whose work involves the study of early Christian and medieval saints' lives. Although the majority of the Society's members are based in north America, a significant proportion are from the UK and other European countries, and the Society sponsors sessions at conferences on both sides of the Atlantic. The website provides: an introduction to the Society; the latest edition of the Society's newsletter (in PDF format); a selection of relevant Web links; details on how to join and pay dues; and a questionnaire for any scholar (including non-members) working in the field who would like their details to be included in the Society's directory. This site would be of use to academics already researching in this area, and also students wishing to undertake further study in this field.
The website "Hiatt Holocaust Collection " provides information about this collection of Holocaust material at the College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, MA, USA, which was created in 1979. The Hiatt Holocaust collection consists of holdings mainly in English that focus on the roles of the Jesuits (Society of Jesus) and the wider Roman Catholic Church during the Second World War. There is also an emphasis on the post-war relationship between Christians and Jews. The collection is coordinated by the Rev. Vincent Lapomarda, who has published works on the subject. There is a useful link to the Holy Cross archives and to related sites. Sections include information on Jesuit victims of the Holocaust, information on Saint Edith Stein, and the Jesuit Righteous Among Nations. There are also images of the liberation of Buchenwald and the text of a dedication speech made by Elie Wiesel. The collection can also be searched using the Holy Cross Libraries catalogue. This site is useful for those who are studying World War Two and its Holocausts and for A and AS level students.
This Historic Churches Survey Database website, published by the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust, provides access to information collected as the result of a CADW sponsored initiative to conduct a pan-Wales survey of all historic churches. Surveys of the medieval churches of: Denbighshire; Montgomeryshire; Radnorshire; Brecknockshire; Eastern Conwy; Flintshire; and Wrexham are available. Each individual survey contains a photograph and descriptive summary of the church, accompanied by (often very extensive) sections on: history; architecture; and the associated churchyard, with citations for all literary sources. This resource would be of interest to: architectural historians; medieval historians; and archaeologists.
This website has been created by Steven Kreis for post-16 and undergraduate students. It contains complete contents listings for three undergraduate courses in European history and is divided into 90 lectures, from ancient Sumer to the fall of Soviet-style communism in 1989. All the lectures are divided into four topics: ancient and medieval European history; early modern European history; modern European intellectual history; and 20th century Europe. It contains an extremely useful guide for historians and another introductory historiographical section which defines history. Lectures on modern European intellectual history concentrate mainly on the French revolution and the development of ideologies, while lectures on 20th century Europe cover topics such as: the Russian October revolution and its influence; totalitarian regimes of Stalin and Hitler; and the origins of the Cold War. The lecture on George Orwell and the Last Man in Europe, which is about the writer's drafting of '1984,' is of special note. All the texts contain highlighted names and historical events, which users can click on to gain access to other websites covering the people and events concerned. For example, the lecture on the aftermath of the Bolshevik revolution provides links to biographies of Lenin and Trotsky and full-texts of the English versions of important documents, such as: The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and the Decree on Peace; materials on the Russian civil war; and war communism.
The History of Medieval and Renaissance Europe Web page forms part of the larger EuroDocs site which was created at the Brigham Young University by Richard Hacken. EuroDocs offers provides access and links to selected primary source documents as: transcriptions; facsimiles; or translations. Documents and sites are selected on the basis that they offer access to primary source material relating to key historical events. The History of Medieval and Renaissance Europe page provides links to individual documents and gateways. The links (some of which are annotated) are arranged in chronological order, which makes browsing a lengthy process, but a search engine is provided. The linked resources are in a number of languages, including: Latin; English; Italian; French; and German, and cover a wide range of subjects, such as: literature; church history; law; and manuscript studies. Users who feel they can contribute to the website are encouraged to apply for a login which will enable them to edit the wiki for this site. Editing access is confined only to those individuals who have been authenticated. Students and researchers working in the Medieval and Early Modern periods will find many useful links on these pages.
Hortulus is an online medieval studies journal, published annually since 2005 by graduate students, for a graduate student audience. The journal is peer-reviewed, and claims an "international board of graduate students", although the staff and contributors listed appear to come mainly from North America. The published articles are of a high standard and cover a broad spectrum of subjects, including among other things: "Power and the Subversive Body in Chaucer's Wife of Bath"; "The Music of Dante's 'Purgatorio'"; "Astrology of the Arabic World and Albertus Magnus"; and "Seeing the World with the Eyes of God: the Vision Implied by the Medieval Icon". Hortulus is accompanied by a smaller magazine section entitled "Lighter Fare", which attempts to entertain and educate in tandem with the more serious scholarly tone of the main journal. "Lighter Fare" includes: interviews with medieval scholars and other professionals; light-hearted articles on anything from Gregorian chant to the production of manuscripts; book reviews; and reports on conferences and events of interest to medievalists. The website is easy to navigate, and allows readers to respond to articles directly. However, the site's reliance on images and tables may present access problems for some users.
The Humanities Research Institute is a consortium of technology-related research projects from within the University of Sheffield's Faculty of Arts. Their core mission is to use new technologies to formulate and investigate research questions in the humanities which cannot be easily answered by the use of conventional methodologies. The cultural material in electronic form can range from medieval literary manuscripts, public records and early printed books through to modern music manuscripts, novel holographs and scientific writings. "They are conceived and published electronically to give the widest possible access to primary research materials, which would otherwise be available only to scholars travelling to the world's greatest libraries." This online service includes links to the following projects: André Gide Editions; Bakhtin Centre; Cotton Catalogue; East Asian Languages; Fairbank Archive; Flora Tristan; French Stars; Hartlib Papers; Hebrew Dictionary; Hospice History; Illuminated Manuscripts; John Foxe; Latin Stemmer; National Fairground Archive; Pérez Galdós Editions; SciPer; Strafford Papers; Stuart London.
The website titled: "Images of Circe and Discourses of Witchcraft, 1480-1580" presents an excellent essay by Professor Charles Zika, of the University of Melbourne, probably the world's leading authority on the iconography of witchcraft. Combining the discipline of art history with the study of witchcraft has enabled the visual significance of the iconography of witchcraft to have a more meaningful role in the study of witchcraft. Imagery played an incredibly important role in the conceptualisation of witches, witchcraft, the devil, and ideas of sin. This examination of the classical figure of Circe, legendary enchantress, illustrates the evolution of the portrayal of women as wielders of magic. The subject of interest by Boccaccio, Boethius, Virgil, and Augustine, Circe was a popular representation of the contemporary female in a variety of eras. A magnificently illustrated essay, which would appeal to those with an interest in art history, and history more generally. The paper - which appeared in the online journal "Zeitenblicke" - can be downloaded in full-text as a PDF file.
The website "Index Verborum : Martin Luther's German Writings 1516-1525" is an excellent project based at Boston College. Begun by Heinz Bluhm, and continued by Keith Moorehouse and Agnes Farkas, the project has placed online a reference guide to over 323 of Luther's works in German. It is exceptionally useful for theologians, historians and Germanists, as the works can be searched by word, and number of instances is provided. Textual and linguistic analyses can be more easily carried out. Several examples of the range of meaning a word was assigned within Luther's work are provided here. There is also a helpful list of 'unessential' words not included in the index, and indices of the works are provided. An excellent tool for all those working on the Reformation, Germanic Studies and Theology.
The Institut für Frühmittelalterforschung (Institute for early medieval studies) was established in 1964 as an institute of interdisciplinary research. Based at the University of Münster, it brings together archaeologists, theologians, philologists, and historians working in the field of medieval studies, with particular attention given to Germany and Germanic countries. This website provides details of current and past research and projects undertaken by the Institute, which focus largely on the role of the Church. A list of publications published by the Institute is also given, including full contents for its yearbook Frühmittelalterliche Studien (Early medieval studies). One of the highlights of the site is an extensive links section which leads medievalists to relevant Web resources categorised by country or type, such as: libraries; institutes; archives; online publications; and databases. This website is part of a larger resource and would be of value to historians working on this region during the Middle Ages.
The International Association for the History of Religions (IAHR), founded as an organization in 1950, is dedicated to promoting the academic study of the history of religions through international collaboration between scholars. The association holds a major congress every five years, and holds regional and special conferences annually. The principal scholarly outlet of the association is its official journal, 'Numen: International Review for the History of Religions.' In addition, the Association publishes the 'Numen Book Series,' which now comprises over eighty volumes. Further information on publications of the IAHR, as well as information regarding membership is readily available on the site.
Developed by Association Paléographique Internationale: Culture, Écriture, Société, the Index of Medieval Books Recently Acquired by Public Libraries provides information about new works acquired by major libraries. Works may be displayed by country, library or within a general index. The types of work acquired include: psalters; missals; brevaries; and books of hours, and a brief description is given for each item. The information is available in French and English.
The website of "The International Joan of Arc Society / Société Internationale de l'étude de Jeanne d'Arc" (IJAS) provides information about the online association which makes available resources relating to Joan of Arc via the Web. The site includes details of: an email discussion forum; information about a collaborative project to make available primary and secondary texts for the study of Joan of Arc; a bibliography of manuscripts, trial transcripts and modern scholarship; and links to further resources. The site is directed by Bonnie Wheeler (Southern Methodist University) and Jane Marie Pinzino (University of South Florida) together with members of the Society. One of the most notable features of the website is the online version of texts of her trials of condemnation and nullification. Also featured on the site are: interactive maps of Joan's journeys; lists of films about Joan; and syllabi of various courses on Joan of Arc. This site would interest not only those studying Joan of Arc herself, but also medieval historians and those interested in gender studies.
The Internet Biblia Pauperum website provides access to an electronic version of the 'Biblia Pauperum' or 'Bible of the Poor'. The Biblia was popular in the 14th and 15th centuries and was a graphic representation of related scenes from the Old and New Testaments (with a few lines of Latin text included) as a way of explaining their content to those could not read or did not have access to books and manuscripts. The Internet Biblia Pauperum builds on a postgraduate project completed at the Univiersity of Illinois at Chicago, which initially aimed to present the Biblia to students, with the Latin text translated into modern English. The online version of the project provides a selection of the original illustrations (from medieval block books), with English translation of the Latin text revealed by rolling the cursor across the image (requires Java). Where the illustrations are not provided, diagrammatic representations of the pictures (describing the images and their position, and translating the original Latin into modern English) are provided instead. Where images are provided, sections can be enlarged for clearer viewing. Short introductions to the Biblia Pauperum and to the project itself are also provided, together with a brief bibliography. This site would be of interest to students studying medieval iconography and typology, as well as those interested in theology, bibliography and art history.
The website focuses on Irish round towers, which are characteristic Medieval bell towers, and provides historical and practical information. The authors are amateurs that have travelled across Ireland to take colour pictures of the towers. Although the website is not comprehensive, it is a good introduction to the subject, with recent pictures of about half of the surviving monuments (in 2005) and first-hand descriptions. An updated bibliography is provided. This website also includes separate galleries of pictures (without descriptive texts) of a few Irish High Crosses, some ecclesiastical monuments such as the rock of Cashel, and several archaeological monuments. Among the archaeological monuments featured are: stone circles; tombs; forts; standing stones; alphabet stones; sundial stones; and others. In 2005 the website contained more than 3,000 pictures. To access the full size images, it is necessary to click on the thumbnails. The authors plan to make further updates.
"Irish witchcraft and demonology by St John D. Seymour" is a book published online as part of the Sacred Texts collection. Originally published in 1913, it is one of the few sources for Irish witchcraft and features the case of Dame Alice Kyteler of Kilkenny. The book also discusses the contingent practices of sorcery, exorcism, divination, possession, and hauntings. It is clearly a book of its time and is of interest as a historical document in itself, as well as a basic point for starting the study of Irish witchcraft. The period covered is 1324-1807. Topics discussed include: the Carnmoney witch; witchcraft in County Antrim; the Magee witch-trial; Dr Williams and the haunted house in Dublin; and the devil among the Quakers. A related CD-ROM is available for purchase through the site.
This is the website of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. Founded in 1965, the Museum has quickly established an excellent reputation. Information is provided about the main collections, of which perhaps the most important is the Shrine of the Book, which holds the Dead Sea Scrolls. These Essene manuscripts date from the third century BC to the first century AD, and the museum's website provides an informative and well-presented introduction, outlining their historical context and importance. A select bibliography and related links are provided. Details are also given of the other wings, devoted to world art, Judaica and Jewish Ethnography, and archaeology, plus the art garden and the youth wing. Each contains descriptions and images of objects from the collection. There are details of events, lectures and publications, as well as exhibitions past present and future. The website is well presented, and provides all the information a prospective visitor might require about the museum and its resources. One of the highlights among the online exhibitions is a Virtual Tour at the Model of Jerusalem in the Late Second Temple Period. The Museum's website is an excellent example of the productive use of the World Wide Web in offering an accessible and informative introduction to a cultural institution of international importance.
Made available over the Internet by Raymond Bucko (Creighton University) and Thom Mentrak, 'Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, 1610-1791' is an electronic version of the seventy-volume collection of reflections and reports by Jesuit missionaries active during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in what is now Ontario and Quebec (previously Upper and Lower Canada, and prior to that, New France). One of the most important ethnographic tools available to historians and other academics of this period, the Jesuit relations have not only proved to be an invaluable research resource on the religions and cultures of communities with which the Jesuits interacted, but also offer a fascinating insight to the interaction between Christianity and the New World. The electronic text is the English translation made by William Lonc and George Topp. The site will undoubtedly prove to be a vital resource to both students and teachers - particularly for those who have struggled to work through the seventy-volume original.
The 'John Foxe's Book of Martyrs' website provides searchable online texts of the four editions of Foxe's 'Acts and Monuments of the English Martyrs' published during the author's lifetime, in 1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583. In this work, Foxe (1516-1587) sought to represent the Protestant Reformation as 'a transforming experience in the religious history of England and Europe'. The various editions may be displayed side-by-side to enable easy comparison, and the online texts are accompanied by editorial commentaries and critical apparatus, including hypertext annotations, plus a searchable bibliography. The project originally received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board and is supported by the Humanities Research Institute at the University of Sheffield. This material can also be downloaded from the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS), although registration is required to access the HDS version.
John Wesley (1703-1791): Life, Legend, and Legacy is an online exhibition that documents the life and career of the founder of the Methodist movement, and examines his lasting influence. It is made available by the John Rylands Library, University of Manchester, and is based on a physical exhibition held there in 2003. The site takes a broadly chronological approach, and is divided into the following sections: Early Life; Georgia and the Search for Salvation; The Rise of Methodism; John Wesley's Beliefs; Wesley the Man; Leader and Patriarch; Death and Apotheosis; and The Wesleyan Legacy. These sections illustrate the main events of Wesley's life with images of documents from the collections of the John Rylands Library. A rich variety of material has been used, including: correspondence of the Wesley family; Wesley's personal notes and sermons; printed works; accounts of Wesley's preaching; and watercolour illustrations, prints and engravings. The material also documents aspects of the life of Wesley's younger brother, the clergyman and hymn writer Charles Wesley. Each image is accompanied by a short text that puts the material into context. In some cases, the thumbnails link to larger images. However, the documents are not fully transcribed (though short excerpts are often included in the accompanying text), and the images are generally of just a single page. Nevertheless, this website presents a good deal of interesting material, and will be of use to those with a general interest in Wesley or Methodism.
The Web Site "Karaylarin üyi/ Karaim home page" is in English and is devoted to the Crimean Karaites (Karaim), a Turkic people who were dispersed throughout Europe. A mixture of Alans, Cumans, Kipchaks, and Khazars, these people followed a monotheistic Abramic religion. One of their most important spiritual leaders and teachers was Anan ben David who recognized Moses, Jesus Christ and Mohommed as prophets. The site has a wealth of information on the Crimean Karaites, including: geographical distribution of the current community (mainly in Ukraine, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, France, Turkey, Israel, and the USA); a feature on the religion of Karaim-Turks; and other articles by leading experts of the origins, history and culture of the Karaim. This is a fascinating site with contributions from Dr Dan Shapira, Mehmet Tüt7uuml;ncü, and Joseph Pashka. It also features a photographic exhibition of daily life in Trakai (Troki) and an essay on Turkic and Slavonic language contacts, focusing on Karaim in Lithuania and Ukraine. This site has not been updated since 1999 but the informatiion provided is still a good introduction into the history and traditions of Turkic peoples.
The "Katalog der Wolfenbütteler Luther-Drucke 1513 bis 1546" (The catalogue of Wolfenbüttel's Luther press 1513 to 1546) is an online searchable database that would be of use to scholars of Luther and the Reformation. The catalogue was begun in 1970 and now contains almost 6,000 entries between 1513 and 1546, being made available online in 2005. The database is hosted by the Herzog August Bibliothek (library) in Wolfenbüttel, which holds a large number of Lutheran works pre-dating 1546. The collection also contains numerous illustrations from the period and the title pages of many documents are given as a JPG file. Users can search the database by illustration; provenance; title; publisher; year; and catalogue number. Entries are then displayed and link to other related records. The site presents several graphs which give an idea of the scope of the collection, and a useful bibliography of relevant publications on Luther, the Reformation, and the origins of the printing press. This database is a valuable research tool for historians of this period.
Anglo-Saxon Charters, or Kemble, is the project website of the British Academy - Royal Historical Society Joint Committee on Anglo-Saxon Charters, maintained by Professor Simon D. Keynes. Set up in 1966, the Committee exits to produce the definitive collected edition of the entire corpus of Anglo-Saxon charters, from the last quarter of the seventh century to the Norman Conquest, edited in accordance with modern standards. The term 'Anglo-Saxon charter' covers a wide range of documents including royal diplomas (mostly in Latin) and wills of churchmen, laymen, and women (in Anglo-Saxon). The surviving charters are for the most part records of grants of land or privileges by kings to religious houses, or to lay beneficiaries. There are also records of settlements of disputes over: land or privileges; leases of episcopal property; and records of bequests of land and other property. The site offers online access to the 'New Regesta Regum Anglorum', full texts of Anglo-Saxon royal diplomas, which can be searched by: archive; king; and kingdom. A revised electronic version of P. H. Sawyer, 'Anglo-Saxon Charters: an Annotated List and Bibliography' (London, 1968) containing a listing of all the charters is also available. The site contains a list of Committee members and publications, and a guide for editors of charters. There are also links to various working aids: the Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (PASE) databas; listings of Anglo-Saxon bishops and abbots; a bibliography; and links to other websites. It is a useful reference resource mainly for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching and research. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (now the AHRC) within the Resource Enhancement scheme.
'The King's Printer Project' is a Leverhume Trust and AHRC-funded project and the website is subtitled 'Politics, Power and the Printed Word in the Reign of James I'. This multidisciplinary research project seeks to establish the networks of power and patronage that permeated the book trade of Jacobean London, and to examine the wider role of the printing press in establishing a national culture. Four international conferences on 'The Jacobean Printed Book' are being held as part of the project. The project has also placed online in full-text the "largest and most detailed tranche of documents relating to a single London printing house in the reign of James I", and this can be freely accessed on the website. The website has full details of the project, the scope, and the key researchers and funders.
L'édit de Nantes et ses antécédents (1562-1598) is one of the subsites of ELEC; the online publications page of the National School of Charters at the Sorbonne. This site provides a scholarly critical edition of four different versions of the Edict of Nantes; the royal decree of 1598 which protected the religious rights of French Protestants. It also posts 11 earlier historical edicts and other relevant primary source documents related to efforts to pacify upheavals during the religious wars of 16th century France. A lengthy introduction by the director, Bernard Barbiche, explains the rationale, methods, and scholarly background of the project, as well as the history of the Edict of Nantes itself. Students at the school participated in the production of this website, under the guidance of their professors. The site has a number of online tools to aid thematic research: an alphabetical index; a search engine; and a glossary. It should be of special interest for professional academics, postgraduates and undergraduates working in various branches of 16th and 17th century French History, Religious Studies, and French Studies.
The website "Murals of the XIIth to the XVIIth century in France and elsewhere" is an amateur site created by Yves Impens to offer detailed information and images of the painted churches of Brinay (Bourges region) and Jenzat (Clermont region) in France together with images and outline commentaries on similar structures elsewhere in France, Belgium and Switzerland. Together these pages comprise a useful online corpus of French religious mural painting between the 12th and the 15th centuries AD. French churches, unlike their English counterparts which suffered from the iconoclasm of the Reformation and the 17th century, contain a wealth of mediaeval wall-paintings featuring images of the life of Christ and the saints or eschatalogical themes such as the Last Judgement. The sections on Brinay and Jenzat provide an account of the architecture and history of the church with interactive plans while more general sections of the site discuss techniques of mural painting and the pigments employed by the artists. A recent addition to the site, which is an on-going project, is an inventory of painted churches in France and Swizerland with interactive maps for easy browsing which provide gazette-style information on many more examples than are featured in the photo gallery. Many of the entries are conveniently linked to the Google maps providing geographical information for those not familiar with the often remote locations of many of these churches. Useful links to related sites and references are also posted on this site. The resource is a valuable source of colour images for students and researchers of mediaeval French art and archaeology and provides useful complementary material for those more familiar with painted churches on this side of the English Channel.
The Labyrinth website consists of a collection of annotated links to resources in many different areas of medieval studies. The content concentrates particularly on: art; architecture; religion; history; languages; and literature. The links have been divided into forty-five main subject categories, which may be browsed or searched according to keyword or restricted by type of material. By this latter method, it is possible, for example, to limit the results to primary documents only. The site is continually updated and users are asked to submit new links. This resource would be useful to students or researchers studying the Middle-Ages.
This website aims 'to provide a guide to the location of information about Lady Jane Grey the nine days queen, including primary accounts, paintings, her own writings, legends, media representations and a general bibliography'. Lady Jane Grey reigned for only nine days, after the death of Edward VI in 1533 and before Mary Tudor succeeded to the throne. Upon Mary's seizing of power, Lady Grey was imprisoned in the Tower of London and eventually executed. This website presents biographical information of Lady Grey, primary accounts, a blog on nine-day-queen-related issues, various links to other relevant websites, a time-line of events, and a quite substantive bibliography. The website is easy to navigate and will be of use to anyone with an interest in the issues of Protestant succession in the British Isles, the Tudor dynasty, or Medieval/Early Modern British history in general.
'Le Cartulaire blanc de Saint-Denis' is one of the subsites of ELEC, the online publications site of the National School of Charters at the Sorbonne. This resource features an impressive selection of explanatory historical essays, primary source transcriptions, maps, genealogical tables and current photographs. All documents support the site's central focus on the most important cartulary of the medieval French abbey of St. Denis; the White Cartulary of the 13th century. There are explanatory notes on scholarly principles that inform both the transcription of the Cartulary and the organisation of the site. A table of contents subpage lists the chapters of two volumes of the Cartulary. Actual material from the Cartulary can be accessed via a table of documents (Tableau des actes du chapitre "Tremblay" du Cartulaire blanc), and via a chronological table of documents online (Table chronologique des actes en ligne). The site is a work in progress, with scholarly editorial footnotes still being added to primary source samples. These excerpts provide a good starting point for research on monastic concerns and medieval business at this abbey, situated not far north of Paris. The site has its own search engine and an alphabetical cross-linked index. It is a valuable resource for those working in medieval French history or religious studies. The main language of the site is French.
The website Lectures in Medieval History is precisely what its title suggests - a comprehensive online collection of lectures offered for open access courses by Dr. Lynn Harry Nelson, manager of the Kansas Heritage gateway and Emeritus Professor of Medieval History at the University of Kansas. The lectures were prepared as basic resource material for US college students studying western civilisation, but also form a useful tool for swiftly familiarising oneself with key events and movements from the transformation of the Roman Empire to 1492. There are fifty-two lectures available, ranging from topics such as 'The Hundred Years War', Medieval Philosophy' and 'The First Crusade'. The style of the lectures is readable and thoughtful, offering an accessible springboard for ideas and further study. They read like lectures, rather than conference papers, so are casual in tone, with the strong sense of a confident speaker that makes them good introductory resources. Within some of the broad headings are lectures entitled 'Thoughts on reading...' which address ways of considering key texts for that area. These include 'Beowulf', 'El Cid' and 'The Little Flowers of St Francis'. These lectures are concerned with ways of reading and focus on the idea that depth of study continually opens up new areas of interest, rather than ever becoming definitive.
The website "Les sorcières: entre mythe et réalités" is published by the Cercle Zététique and comprises a fourteen page essay in French on the subject of "Witches: Between Myth and Reality". The essay provides a good introducton to the historiography of the study of witchcraft. First, the author discusses the much disputed and by now almost universally dismissed theory of Margaret Murray and others, that maintained that witches really existed and were a secret sect. Citing experts in the field such as Robert Muchembled, Norman Cohn, and Jean-Michel Sallmann, the author provides an adequate but not terribly sophisticated introduction to the subject of witchcraft before he goes on to the main concern of the essay which is the accusations of witchcraft ranged against la Voisin, Madame de Montespan (1641-1707) mistress to Louis XIV, which shocked Paris in 1679. Thought to have celebrated black masses, sacrificed new-born babies and used the services of diviners and witches, Madame de Montespan was arrested along with numerous others. The essay concentrates on questioning the empirical nature of witchcraft, and what the label of witch might mean, when all interpretations were variable. A good essay for undergraduates.
'Life in Elizabethan England: A Compendium of Common Knowledge 1558-1603' is a collection of Elizabethan knowledge for those writers and actors looking for commonplaces which would assist in the development of their character. While it would be useful for artists, it is also useful to students studying the Elizabethan period as it clarifies the language and everyday events of Elizabethans. There are numerous trivial details which could clarify Elizabethan texts, such as the placement if 'j' instead of an 'i' at the end of roman numerals finishing with more than one 'i' (8=viij). There are pages on Elizabethan pastimes: drinking, whoring, cards, tennis, etc. For those needing help reading Elizabethan accounts or money details there is a very useful page explaining Elizabethan money. There is information about Catholicism in England, the Church of England (established by Henry VIII), Puritanism, Calvinism, and also Elizabethan ideas about Ireland and Scotland, both predominantly Catholic countries. This resource should provide a helpful reference source for students in further education or beginning undergraduate studies.
The Life of King Edward the Confessor website gives access to a digitised version of the only copy of an illustrated Anglo-Norman verse life of St Edward the Confessor, probably originally written in the later 1230s or early 1240s. The manuscript is held by Cambridge University Library (Cambridge University Library MS.Ee.3.59), and consists of thirty-seven folios, with a total of sixty-four pictures. The images are of good quality, allowing the user to zoom in to areas closely, and each folio is accompanied by a brief description. Folios can be browsed from start to finish, or via a summary page showing thumbnails of the images, with their descriptions. The website provides a brief introduction to the manuscript, and suggestions for additional reading. This site would be of interest to scholars studying: art history; manuscript history; religious texts or medieval history.
This is the website of the Living Spring Journal (LSJ), a peer-reviewed electronic journal for the study of all aspects of holy wells and waterlore, edited by Richard Pederick of the University of Bath. Although only two issues of the LSJ appeared (in May 2000 and November 2002), the journal was widely acclaimed and contributed to by the community of local history and academic researchers it served. The value of the LSJ to its community can be seen by consulting the archives of the Wells-and-Spas JISCMAIL list ("Water talk, the email discussion list for springs and spas enthusiasts"). The full text of both issues is accessible from this website. The scope of the journal is stated as a forum for the study of wells and their place in the community, their history, construction, architecture, archaeology, sociology, hagiography, religious significance, folklore, and ritual. It also gives a broad picture of the study of water-sources, so that holy and healing wells may be set in the wider context of water in the community. However, LSJ is not a forum for the study of industrial or commercial wells and boreholes, although some spa wells are featured.
The Lollard Society website provides information about this academic association dedicated to the study of Lollardy. The site is presented in blog format, and offers relevant news and announcements, including calls for papers and conference details. Available elsewhere on the site are society membership information, and perhaps most usefully for the serious scholar, a series of bibliographies, covering both primary and secondary texts. Where the texts listed are out of copyright, a PDF version of the full work is sometimes provided. Also known as Wycliffism (because its member followed the teachings of John Wycliffe) Lollardy was a religious and political movement which flourished in England between the mid 14th century and the Reformation, and which was characterised by criticism of the western church.
The beautifully crafted and highly useful 'Luminarium' website, created and edited by Anniina Jokinen, is an excellent resource for all students of early English literature and literary history, as well as the allied subjects of: history; religious studies; and philosophy. The site offers four different collections of literary works and resources relating to the period from the later middle ages to the Restoration. The first section, an anthology of Middle English literature (1350 – 1485), includes links to the writings of: Chaucer; Margery Kempe; and Julian of Norwich; as well as an assortment of plays and lyrical works. The second grouping is of resources relating to Renaissance literature (1485-1603) and contains links to the works of such recognizable authors as: More; Spenser; Hooker; Marlowe; Gascoigne; and, of course, Shakespeare. The third series covers the early 17th Century until 1660, and once again offers a substantial number of resources and links relating to: Bacon; Donne; Lovelace; and Cowley, just to name a few. The final section covers the Restoration period, including authors such as: Pepys; Dryden; Pope and Jonathan Swift. This site is an excellent starting point for the study of early English literature, particularly for the undergraduate user, as the compiler has spent considerable effort in gathering and posting articles, citations and essays (both student and professional) for each of the seventy-plus authors. The images and striking web-design that accompany these secondary resources make this site not only a literary feast, but also a visual one.
Over 1,500 colour as well as black and white photographs relating to ancient Greece and Rome taken by the author primarily teaching purposes have been scanned and published online. There are also some non-ancient photographic subjects that have been useful for teaching, such as a photograph of a medieval cathedral for comparison with Roman architecture or a few images of a modern street market in Naples. The site offers a link to a software (Macintosh only) written by the author for teachers of Latin. An internal search engine is also available. The collection can be browsed by subject: England; France; Greece; Italy - (Rome, the Pantheon, Sicily, Italy except Rome and Sicily); and special selections of images (including the Roman house, and some Virgilian sites [Vergil]). The images can be accessed directly or previewed in thumbnails. Information relating to copyright, author and date the photograph has been taken is provided for each image.
Mapping Margery Kempe is an online digital library of resources relating to the contextual study of Margery's and her spiritual biography (known as the 'Book of Margery Kempe'). The site is based at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachussets, USA, and provides various resources, including an online, original-spelling edition of the Book of Margery Kempe itself. The text of the book has been formatted so that users can locate particular sections and chapters quickly and easily, and is supported by an online glossary and bibliographical resources. The website also offers an excellent range of contextual material including biographies of some of Margery Kempe's most significant influences and contemporaries, and material relating to: medieval piety; pilgrimage; saints' lives; and church history. There are also detailed photographic resources relating to the church in Norfolk that Margery Kempe attended. Mapping Margery Kempe would be of interest not only to literary scholars but social and cultural historians of the medieval period. It is an ideal resource for those interested in contexual approaches to Margery Kempe's writing.
The Margot Project's website, based at the University of Waterloo, Canada, is an online forum for the publishing of medieval and early modern texts in French. Aside from details of the Project itself, items currently available on the site include: a corpus of Anglo-Norman verse hagiography from 1100-1400 (the Campsey Project); excerpts from the Roman de la Rose in the original French and also in English translation; and texts by women writers from the Ancien Regime (in PDF format). The Campsey Project provides an image of first folio of each of the saints' lives from the original manuscript, plus the facility to search the texts by keyword. The excerpts from the Roman de la Rose are in PDF format, and are meant to be read in conjunction with the book 'Debating the Roman de la Rose : a critical anthology' by Christine McWebb. To add to the main resources, the site also provides: links to related websites; the latest project news; and details of related conferences and publications. This site would be of use to students studying the history of the French language, as well as medieval and early modern scholars. The Project is ongoing, and it is hoped that more texts will be added in future.
The website "Medieval Europe" was prepared for a history course on Medieval Europe at the University of Boise. It is an excellent resource for online texts on the subject. The website contains pages of Primary and Secondary sources on the topic of Medieval Europe. Topics include: The Dark Ages, monasticism, the Carolingians, universities, plague, heresy, the Hundred Years War. Primary sources can sometimes be difficult to find the deeper into history you are looking; this website contains primary sources such as the Seven Sacraments, The Rule of St. Columba, St. Benedict, and St. Frances, and a description of the medieval city Clairvaux (c. 1143), also texts on law and governements; popes and emperors; cities and commerce; and society ills. These texts are mostly from the Internet Medieval Sourcebook. A list of general reference works is available.
Medieval Forum is an online journal concerned with providing an arena for discussion on aspects of medieval studies. Edited by Professor George Tuma and Dinah Hazell of San Francisco State University, the website provides full-text access to the articles in all of its annual volumes, starting in 2002 and running to 2007, which touch on: Icelandic sagas; Old English literature; the Bible; and Chaucer, among other subjects. As of 2007 the journal has ceased to call for new submissions, and there are no new volumes planned. Interdisciplinary and historical in emphasis, the resources on the Medieval Forum website remain of interest to students of medieval English literature, history and theology. Contact details for previous contributors are provided.
Despite its broad title, Prof. Kelly's Medieval Literature and Culture website focuses entirely on the study of Old and Middle English literature, and reflects the contents and structure of Prof. Kelly's university course in medieval English literature. As such, the site provides practical reading lists on a number of topics: the 'idea of history'; travel literature; the medieval perception of the body; and religious writings. There are also hyper-links to a great number of primary texts (and modern English translations) of: medieval romances; lyrics; and prose. These primary texts are frequently hosted on other websites. The site has a pleasant lay-out (including some illustrative picture material) and benefits from a very straightforward navigation. However, the 'medieval' font used for the main menu page may cause somewhat uncomfortable reading. On the whole, the main strength of this site is its providing and systematizing links to primary texts, whereas its other features generally only offer minimal information and depend upon elaboration in a teaching context.
The website 'Medieval Manuscripts of Canon Law and Roman Law' provides access to a list of Canon law incipits compiled and maintained by Dr Giovanna Murano, and to a database of Canon law and Roman law manuscript shelfmarks developed by Gero Dolezalek at the University of Leipzig. The website aims to provide a comprehensive cumulative inventory of all manuscripts of Canon law and Roman law mentioned in catalogues or in legal-historical publications. It is designed as a tool for scholars in order to assist with the discovery of who published what, where and on which manuscript. In addition, the website also provides a gateway of annotated links to other web resources related to manuscripts of medieval Canon Law and Roman law and to some general medieval manuscripts sites. The Canon Law incipit list can be downloaded as a compressed file.
The Medieval Review (TMR, formerly known as the Bryn Mawr Medieval Review) is an online journal sponsored by the Medieval Studies Institute at Indiana University, Bloomington. The journal publishes reviews of books and other research resources within medieval studies (broadly defined) and distributes them via a moderated email list. The TMR website gives details of how to subscribe to the email list (free of charge) as well as giving access to an archive of reviews dating from 1993 to 2009. (Reviews published after 2009 are available at the Indiana University Scholar Works Repository). Archived reviews may be browsed by year or the full text searched by keyword. Each review is also available as an SGML file (encoded according to the TEI Guidelines). Reviews to date have included books on the following subject areas: Chaucer; Heloise and Abelard; rhetoric and art; 14th century Paris; witches in the early modern age; Hincmar; suicide in the Middle Ages; Joan of Arc; scribal practice; early English drama; and Foucault and Scholastic thought. At least 100 reviews are published by the Medieval Review in any one year. This resource would be of use to students and researchers working on the medieval period from an interdisciplinary stance.
Developed from the Manchester University Press Medieval Sources series, Medieval Sources online is a Web-based based learning resource containing hundreds of original medieval history documents compiled for the teaching and study of history. With a yearly subscription to the site, students and teachers can have open and unrestricted access, through their own computers, to high quality history resource material. Medieval Sources online is "designed to be fully integrated with undergraduate courses, and is intended as a one-stop answer for many medieval history students, academics and researchers". Medieval Sources online is organised according to subject matter. The site's excellent and intuitive search engine makes it simple to browse for the texts or beautifully rendered images that are available. The site also provides a portal (freely available to non-subscribers) to other online resources relating to the study of the Middle Ages. Subjects covered by this free portal include: women in medieval times; the black death; the Crusades; Monasticism; the Norman Conquests; and Medieval warfare. The resource would be of value to anyone with an interest in the teaching of Medieval history, and further education or undergraduate level.
The Medieval Wall Painting in the English Parish Church website provides an online catalogue of churches in England that are decorated with medieval wall paintings, dating from the twelfth to the fifteenth century. The catalogue can be browsed by geographical location using a county map of England, or by subject via a page of thumbnail images. Photographs of all the paintings are provided. The images are accompanied by useful descriptions and notes on their importance and context. The paintings have been separated into categories which include, among others: pre-1200 paintings; Genesis scenes and the Tree of Jesse; the early life of Christ; the Virgin; the Saints; the Doom and the weighing of souls; the Passion cycle; and devotional scenes. In addition to the main catalogue there is also: a general introduction to medieval wall paintings; a bibliography; and a selection of pertinent links. This website would be invaluable to anyone studying medieval art and religious iconography, although it should be noted that this is an ongoing project and coverage is not complete.
The website, Medievalismo, acts as a portal to online resources and contacts useful for those working on Spanish medieval history and literature, although the site equally pays attention to the European medieval period in general. It offers a good agenda of conferences and seminars in this field, which are to be held across Spain, Latin America, Europe and USA. Extensive lists of international societies and of medievalists across the world will assist in the location of 'likeminds' and users may click on the names to access the home page of the individual in question. Of interest for the researcher, too, will be the site's listing of scholarly journals (in Spanish, French and English) devoted to medieval studies: scrolling over the titles in the list reveals publication and contact details for most of the journals. The site also publishes the monthly bulletin, 'Medievalismo Digital', featuring news, reviews and short articles related to this period of European history. For the tutor, there is a dedicated section with links to pedagogical resources, including thematic articles, videos, maps, and a list of online bibliographical databases. This is a promising gateway for those wishing to locate and identify relevant journals and research groups in their field. The site is equally navigable in Spanish, French, English, German and Italian, although most of the resources are available in the first two only.
The essential premise behind the electronic book 'Misconceptions about the Middle Ages' is that there are common misconceptions students tend to have about the Medieval period, which need to be corrected by those teaching medieval studies. Edited by Stephen J. Harris (University of Massachusetts) and Bryon L. Grigsby (Centenary College), Misconceptions about the Middle Ages comprises a number of essays on a range of topics including: the Crusades; the myth of the mounted knight; medieval medicine; medieval drama; medieval children; and the corruption of the medieval Church. The site is part of ORB: the Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies.
The website"Modern History Sourcebook: Queen Elizabeth I of Englad" is a section from Paul Halsall's excellent website Internet Modern History Sourcebook, which has been devised to provide free online access to primary source texts. This particular section of the sourcebook provides a selection of Elizabeth I's writing and speeches, spanning the years of her reign, from 1558 until 1603. Seven extracts have been selected, and they include the response to a parliamentary delegation on her marriage, a speech on religion, the response to King Erik of Sweden's marriage proposal, another later response to a parliamentary delegation on her marriage, another later speech on religion, her response to the Polish Ambassador who had criticised her actions in regards to the Spanish monarchy, and her famous 'farewell' Golden Speech to parliament in 1601. This is a useful resource for those studying Tudor and Elizabethan history.
The Web Site "The Modern World of Witchcraft" is an essay written by Professor Craig Hawkins, the President of Apologetics Information Ministry (AIM), a somewhat radical Christian organisation that aims to provide pertinent Biblical information on a range of issues, including cults, the occult, and world religions. The essay examines neopagan witchcraft from a fundamental Christian perspective, and traces the development of contemporary occult cults from the legacies of Gerald Gardner and his acolytes. He discusses the differing types of neopagan beliefs and the role of animism, pantheism, and polytheism, as pillars of faith, and the primary importance assigned to experience. This site is a good example of Christian attempts to demolish neopagan beliefs and as such can be a guide to alternate perspectives of the latter tradition.
The award-winning website "The Monastic Matrix" presents online collaborative interdisciplinary research being carried out by scholars working on the subject of Christian women between 400 CE and 1600 CE. It is of interest to those working on the period from the perspective of history, religion, women's history, archaeology and history of art, among other subjects. The project is ongoing and also provides an excellent example for those interested in humanities computing. The aim is to "document the participation of Christian women in the religion and society of medieval Europe." The project makes the data widely available and drawing on a range of textual and non-textual sources, bases the project on "Monasticon" - a database of profiles of communities of religious women. The Monasticon may be searched by period, geography or name to reveal details about a community’s history, foundation, population and residents. The site is divided into the following sections: vitae (over 600 potted biographies); Cartularium (primary source documents); Bibliographia (a searchable database of titles); Vocabularium (glossary of Latin and specialist terms); Commentaria (an archive of articles); and Figurae (a visual library). The project allows the reader to examine issues such as the organisation of the religious communities, their relationships with the Church, the nobility, and each other. As the study of female religious orders and communities becomes more popular this source will be useful to an increasingly broader audience. For those working on communities in Western Europe, this is an excellent resource which can be used for teaching and research.
Mostly Medieval: Exploring the Middle Ages is a website that gives a general introduction to life in Britain in the Middle Ages. The site grew out of research conducted by the site's author, Susan Wallace, for a novel that was never completed. The site is divided into themed sections that cover topics such as: religion; medicine; festivals and holy days; myths and legends; and heraldry. Each section includes a short introduction to the topic, together with relevant texts and resources, including: texts of early ballads; a calendar of medieval feast days; lists of folk remedies; and a glossary of terms used in heraldry. The tone of the site is popular rather than scholarly, but the site is well presented (a text-only version is available, providing wider access) and would be a good general introduction to certain aspects of medieval life in Britain.
The website 'Museum of Tolerance online: Multimedia Learning Center' is part of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, the Jewish human rights agency. The Learning Center contains a large range of online resources about the Holocaust and the historical context in which it occurred. The Center places an emphasis on primary documents and the special collections section holds around 13,500 electronic documents in English, German and Hebrew. Virtual exhibits tend to focus on more specific topics such as the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (1943) during the Second World War or images of Polish Jews. The site also features a range of resources designed for teachers including bibliographies; the Simon Wiesenthal Annual for the scholarly study of the Holocaust; answers to frequently-asked questions; and a useful site map.
The Web Site of the "Muzeum archidiecezjalne sztuki religijne w Lublinie (Lublin archdiocesan museum of religious art)" is in Polish. It provides the usual information on the museum's opening hours, collections, and location. The site has details of past and current exhibitions, and includes a brief history of the museum. The museum is famed for its Trinitarian Tower and close links to the Jesuits from the sixteenth century. The site features descriptions of the ongoing preservation of historic buildings and objects and a brief gallery. The site is well illustrated and of interest to those researching Polish ecclesiastical history, or the area of Lublin.
This is the website of the National Churches Trust (previously the Historic Churches Preservation Trust and the Incorporated Church Building Society), an independent charitable enterprise founded in 1953. Its purpose is to raise funds, provide practical assistance and help finance structural repairs to churches, chapels and other places of worship, in England and Wales, that are over one hundred years old. Twenty-seven million pounds in grants have been allocated to date. The Gallery provides pictures and information about nearly 150 projects. Further pages outline the research and future strategy of the Trust; provide case studies and a news section with job advertisements. The Trust produces an annual report which can be downloaded in PDF format.
The website "National Geographic: Salem witchcraft hysteria" is a good teaching resource, designed to develop skills of empathy and broader comprehension in students. It takes the famous Salem (now Danvers) witchcraft trials of 1692 and creates an interactive step-by-step trial, where the user has to face decisions similar to those faced by people accused of witchcraft in the early modern period. It is an interesting method by which to elicit class discussion on broader themes, such as culpability for denunciation, the role of torture, interpersonal relations in a close-knit community, and the case of Salem as an example of a "mass" persecution. It is also useful for comparing popular mythology of historical events and academic viewpoints.
The North Star is an biannual online journal devoted to the history of African-American religion. The two main aims of the journal are firstly, to provide information on resources for African American religious history including details of new publications, research collections and events, and secondly, to present peer reviewed articles which explore African-American religious culture. The primary geographical focus of the journal is the United States but articles covering other relevant areas will be considered. The journal welcomes contributions from both academics and research students; details on how to submit contributions are available from the site. The journal can be browsed by volume or searched as whole.
The website "The Norwich Blackfriars Online: A Web-Based Guide to the History and Buildings of England's Most Celebrated Dominican Friary" is a complex project dedicated to "most complete English friary church and convent buildings to survive intact from the medieval period". The project was carried out by researchers from the University of East Anglia with support from the AHRC and other institutions. The site is designed to make young students interested in the history of the building and the Middle Ages, and it uses uncomplicated language, is easy to navigate and has keywords with cross-references in all sections of the site. The main page introduces briefly the history of the Dominican order in Norwich; the "contents" explains in detail what the site contains in each subsite. These subsites are: Guide; Buildings; Resources; More. The guide explores in more detail the history of the Black Friars and their convent in Norwich and follows it to present day. Buildings and Resources hold excellent information on the Black Friars complex of buidings, with interactive images, plans and original archival documents. Related websites, information about visiting the Norwich Black Friars and information about the team who created the site are provided in the "More" section. This web page is a good example of how history can be approached interactively and with the use of the latest technology.
Part of the British Library's website, 'Turning the Pages' presents digitised texts of books, missals, psalters, atlases and other important documents that are held at the British Library. Based on the award-winning interactive display system used within the library itself to provide virtual public access to these rare texts which include: Leonardo Da Vinci's notebook; the Lindisfarne Gospels; the Sherbourne Missal; and Sultan Baybars' Qur'an. To view the books that are listed, a Macromedia Shockwave plug-in is required - although there are alternative versions for some of the texts. The Shockwave versions provides interactive animation that allows the user to turn the pages digitally, and also use zoom features to look at sections in detail. An introduction is provided for each book, along with audio descriptions of each page, which requires the use of a Real Audio player. Also of interest is a "highlights" tour of the texts, and a showcase of other manuscripts housed at the British Library.
An even more sophisticted version of Turning the Pages is available online now on the british Library website, for users who have fast broadband and Windows Vista.
The Online Medieval Sources website provides a searchable bibliography of texts written in the Middle Ages, including: private letters; wills; household accounts; literary works; philosophical treatises; chronicles; court proceedings; and church records, which are available in printed or electronic form. The database is easily navigated using the comprehensive search form that gives help on: subject headings; record types; and medieval authors. The database entries themselves provide detailed information on the works cited, including: contents; genre; archival reference; and language, as well as hyperlinks to any online sources. The database would be invaluable to researchers and students working on history or literature of the medieval period.
The Online Resource Book for Medieval Studies (ORB) is a co-operative effort on the part of scholars across the Internet to establish an online textbook source for medieval studies. In principle, authors of the various articles that make up ORB maintain their own articles at their own locations. Each article is connected to ORB's Title Index, after having been judged by at least two peer-reviewers. In addition, each article is linked directly to related articles and other information available on the Internet. You can browse the collection by subject under the following headings: early; high; late; medieval Slavonic and Russian resources; religion; language and linguistics; and culture (including art and architecture, law, literature, music, philosophy, and women's studies). The website also holds resources for teaching and general 'hints and tips' for medieval historians, as well as generic information for the 'non-specialist'.
Peregrinations is an academic ejournal for the study of Christian pilgrimage art. With a focus on medieval and pre-modern Europe, articles discuss a great range of subjects from numerous perspectives. As well as refereed essays, each issue includes recent news and reviews from the field. The site includes back-issues, available as PDF files.
Peritia is the website of the Medieval Academy of Ireland's journal of that title. The website is published on the University College Cork's site, but the print version is published by Brepols. Peritia is published annually and is concerned with Irish and Insular medieval studies, particularly in the context of the European middle ages. On the site users can access the tables of contents for the journal from 1982 until 1999, as well as abstracts for articles and reviews from 1986 onwards. These can be viewed separately or by volume. In addition to this there are: details on how to submit an article; details of how to obtain copies of the journal; and links to other medieval history sites.
This site was created to mark the 500th anniversary of the birth in 1497 of the Protestant humanist and religious reformer Philipp Melanchthon. The site was originally created in German, and an English translation of the majority of the site is available. Biographical details of Melanchthon and the part that he played in the Reformation are included on the site. A more general historical background has also been written and this has details of the political situation and information about humanism. Melanchthon was also involved in education during much of his lifetime and was awarded the honorary title of "Praeceptor Germaniae" (Teacher of Germany). Brief details of his educational career are provided on the site. The German version of the site also offers a short links list.
The introductory section of this site briefly outlines the bubonic plague in Renaissance Europe. The introductory section also outlines the original aims of the project, which were to create a 'hypertext archive of narratives, medical consilia, governmental records, religious and spiritual writings and images documenting the arrival, impact and response to the problem of epidemic disease in Western Europe between 1348 and 1530'. The site currently provides access to some primary source material on Florence, Pistoia and Lucca in 1348. It will be interesting to see whether the site will fulfil its original aims as it has been a while since the content was last added to.
The Web Site of the Regional Archives of Maribor provides the usual information about the access, opening times, location, and holdings of the Slovenian archive. The site is in Slovene with an introductory page in English and German. The archive was founded in 1933 and holds documents dating from 1246 to 1865. Among the holdings are documents on Jewish matters, the revolution in Slovenian Styria in 1918-1919, and manorial and monastic records from the fifteenth century. The site details the publications of the staff, and exhibition catalogues. However, of great use to the researcher is the online database of the archival fonds.
The Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies is an institution devoted to advanced study 'of the material and intellectual cultures of the Middle Ages'. The Institute is affiliated with the University of Toronto, and has its own library which houses an important collection of medieval resources, including microfilmed copies of more than 450 manuscripts, and papal letters stored at the Vatican. The PIMS website provides information on the Institute and its research, as well as the library and its resources. Of interest to researchers and students of medieval studies is the 'Engines of Electronic Enterprise' section, which comprises an extensive collection of Web links relating to the field, and information on PIMS publications.
The Powys heritage online website provides access to information about the local history of the region. The site was originally created in 1999 as the "Powys digital history project". The current site acts as a portal to sites and projects dealing with the histoy of Powys. The main section of is dedicated to local history, aimed for schools. All the material on the site is available in Welsh and English. The site provides information on the local history of the following six districts, as part of the original project: Machynlleth and the Dovey Vallhe current site acts as a portal to sites and projects dealing with the histoy of Powysey; Llanidloes and district in Montgomeryshire; Rhayader and the Elan Valley; Presteigne and the Marches in Radnorshire; Hay and the Wye Valley; and The Upper Swansea Valley in Breconshire. The topics covered, although there are variations according to district, include education, the poor, religion, transport and old trade directories. Specific events such as the Revolt of Owain Glyndwr 1400-1415 are also covered. A themed menu covering: crime and punishment; education and schools; religion in Wales; and care of the poor is also available for browsing. Links to external sites are: Powys: A day in the life project and Powys county archives office. The site provides an interesting general introduction to the history of the area.
Project Wittenberg, created under the direction of Reverend Bob Smith of Concordia Theological Seminary in Fort Wayne, Indiana, provides a gateway to Lutheran texts, texts by Luther, texts about Luther and works of other Lutherans. The end aim of the project is the production of an international electronic library of Lutheran texts. The site includes works by Reformation writers such as Luther, Melanchthon, Chemnitz and Eber as well as works by seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth century authors. Documents on the site include Luther's Ninety-five Theses, Luther's Catechisms, the Augsburg Confession and the 1580 Book of Concord. The site also includes biographies and hymnals. All the documents provide full bibliographic details of the original source of the text. The home page of the site provides links to selected resources. To access documents via a chronological author list select the 'Project Wittenberg's Electronic Lutheran Web' link from the home page. Although the site can initially be a little confusing to navigate it does provide online access to a large number of primary sources.
Created within the umbrella of TeacherServe, the website "Puritanism and Predestination" features an essay by Professor Christine Leigh Heyrman of the University of Delaware. The essay is accompanied by a slideshow of colonial Puritan ministers, the opportunity to pose questions to experts, and illustrations. The essay outlines the theological, social, and political background of the Puritans who arrived in America. The section on guiding student discussion provides sugestions for teaching the subject and tips for explaining concepts such as conversion, to students. Heyrman encourages the teacher to focus the debate around the role of the Calvinist concept of predestination, with all the inherent criticism that will flow. However this provides, in her opinion, the perfect opportunity to contrast this with the instabilities of the early modern period, to ground their empathy with those who espoused the theory. The most useful section here is that on historiographical debate. The site is useful for those teaching at school level.
Directed from York University by Bill Sheils and Rosemary Hayes, the "Records of Central Government Taxation in England and Wales : Clerical Taxes 1173 - 1664" Web page describes AHRC-funded work that has used and added to the records in the E 179 database, which is hosted by The National Archives website. This project is the final installment of the E 179 project (also known as "Records of central government taxation in England and Wales 12th-17th centuries"), which has sought to create a database giving details of the records contained in the huge E 179 class in The National Archives, "King's Remembrancer, particulars of account and other records relating to lay and clerical taxation". E 179 holds some 7,500 items relating to the clergy from 1173 to 1664, when clergy ceased to be taxed separately, and the York project has just completed work on the Province of Canterbury.
This Internet resource provides information relating to the Reformation and some of its key figures: Martin Luther; Phillip Melanchthon; Calvin; and Zwingli. In relation to Luther, visitors to the site can access online versions of his selected works, including the Ninety Five Theses (in Latin and English) and his Letter to the Christian Nobility. In addition, the site contains electronic texts of Luther's hymns (in English and German), and a textlink to an online version of his famous German translation of the Bible. The site also offers a selection of hyperlinks to other Luther-related websites. The resource provides several electronic texts by and relating to the other figures listed above. Most notably, there are pages devoted to Phillip Melanchthon, which include electronic text versions of his 'A History of the Life and Actions of the Very Reverend Dr. Martin Luther,' and 'Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope.' A few links were broken at the time of review.
The Web Site "The Reformation and Counter-Reformation" is a simple and useful brief summary of the Protestant and Roman Catholic movements in the early modern period. The site is a good crib-sheet for A/AS level students, as it provides a quick overview of a subject that sees a new book appear virtually weekly. The author condenses the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries into one paragraph per topic, including: The Reformation and Art; Martin Luther; Europe Divided; The Visual Arts; Architecture; and the Aftermath. The site displays the usual West European bias, with little mention of Central or Eastern Europe.
The website "Reformers of the 16th Century: An Online Study" is an interesting amateur site compiled by Barry McWilliams, an ordained Teaching Elder of the Presbyterian Church in America. He teaches a course on Protestant Reformers and this material is intended for his class. It provides a good and basic introduction to prominent Protestant figures of the Reformation such as: Luther; Melanchthon; Zwingli; Bucer; Calvin; and Oecolampadius. Readers must bear in mind that the author is a church elder and that religious bias is evident in his writing, however, this provides a good example of textual and critical analysis for students, to vary the usual sources studied for the Reformation. There are links to a variety of resources, some of which, at the time of cataloguing and reviewing, were not available.
The website "Religion" is part of the Spartacus collection of resources for AS and A Level History. It is equally of use to teachers as well as students, providing a valuable reference or revision source. The site contains biographies, images and descriptions of the key individuals, groups and events in the religious life of the United Kingdom from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. There is information on all the major religious movements from the Protestant Reformation to the Victorian Christian Socialists. The site is easy to navigate in a tabular form and contains the following sections: religious leaders; religious groups; Unitarians and social reform; Quakers and social reform; the Evangelical Movement; religion and politics; and the Christian Socialist Movement. Each section contains a narrative with embedded links to pertinent places, people or events described elsewhere in the Spartacus resources.
This is the website of the Religious History Society, formed by Bruce Mansfield of the University of Sydney in 1998, and dedicated to promoting scholarship in all areas of religious history, with particular attention given to Australasian religious history. The Society convenes every two years in conjunction with the Australian Historical Association. The principal scholarly outlet of the Society is the Journal of Religious History, published three times a year. Information for those wishing to subscribe to the journal and/or order back issues is provided. Additionally, information pertaining to membership in the Society and upcoming conferences is readily available. The site is well presented and accessible.
A Repertorium of Middle English Prose Sermons offers an online sample of the English language section of an international project designed to further the development of sermon studies. Its purpose is to introduce both the academic and general researcher to the sermon as a resource for the study of medieval history, literature, and culture. The site includes extracts from the hard copy published by Brepols in 2007, as well as images from the manuscripts. It also offers a database of almost 3500 quotations found in Middle English sermons: this feature is not included in the printed version, so represents a complement to the hard copy of the text. This part of the project is ongoing and fully searchable. Researchers may locate particular texts, quotations, or authors through a simple or advanced search, with full instructions for achieving the best results included on the site. Also available is a useful bibliography and links page. The website's production was enabled by an award from the AHRC's Supplementary Pilot Research Dissemination scheme.
The Ricci Roundtable database, maintained by the Ricci Institute for Chinese-Western Cultural History at the University of San Francisco, provides a collection of electronic reference resources focused on the relationship and impact of Christianity and Christian missions in China during the past few centuries. The site contains an impressive guide to archival resources on this topic from all over the world, with each entry detailing the institution that houses the relevant archive and listing the documents in question. Users are able to search through the online database and isolate specific library holdings in China or the United States or locate a specific resource by employing the search and index utilities. The site itself is directed towards the larger academic community, including both students and scholars. Among the tools that will appeal to both groups is a strong collection of fully searchable bibliographic and biographic material. The biographies themselves are brief, but include helpful pointers to additional resources. In addition, for those at more advanced stages of research, there is are directories of both institutions and individuals interested in Chinese-Western cultural relations. Those with a serious interest in this field will also wish to explore the main site of the Ricci Institute, accessible through the link on the site's front page.
This website describes "The Roger Morrice Entring Book Project", a project that aims to publish Morrice's incisive work on the political and religious history of England between 1677 and 1691. This project is of interest to all those studying the political, social and religious history of the reigns of Charles II, James II, and William III. The Entring book reveals information on a variety of aspects of Restoration society: urban growth; London commerce; livery company politics; the culture of anti-popery; printing; and promotion and control of the press. The Entring book contains over 900,000 words and has been published in six volumes, which include a companion volume and biographical dictionary, by Boydell and Brewer. The site offers the titles of each volume and names its editors. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council within the Research Grants scheme.
The website Roman Numeral and Date Conversion, with Roman Numerals Calculator and Roman Numerals Test, has been constructed by Steven Gibbs, a freelance enthusiast based in Guernsey.The site provides online tools for the calculation of dates in the Gregorian calendar in Roman numeric form. The site not only provides help with converting year dates into Roman numerals, but also in translating dates from the Gregorian calendar into their equivalent Julian form. The dates are expressed either in full Latin text, or in the more abbreviated form used by the Romans. For each date entered, users will be offered five variant forms.The site also offers useful notes on the historical development of the calendar, and the transition from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar. There are links to other web resources relating to calendars, and a short bibliography of works on the subject.There is also an online tool for the conversion of Arabic numbers into Roman numerals. Other features include a Roman calculator, which carries curiosity rather than practical value.The site will be a very useful resource for those needing help with conversion of Roman dates and numbers, and could prove especially useful as a classroom tool.
The website "The Salem Witch Trials" is part of the city guide to Salem, Massachusetts. It features a chronology, although not an exhaustive one, of the infamous trials for witchcraft of 1692, upon which Arthur Miller's famous play "The Crucible" was loosely based. Beginning with the strange and erratic behaviour of Elizabeth Parris and Abigail Williams, it traces the development and dynamics of the trials, which resulted in the execution by hanging of at least 25 people and accusations of witchcraft ranged against over 160 people, between February 1692 and April 1693. The site provides a useful quick contextual overview for undergraduates and A/AS level students in history, and those studying English literature who are working on Miller. A link is provided to images of the tombstones of the 19 who were executed and the one person who died in jail.
The website of the Scottish Covenanter Memorials Association aims to highlight the work undertaken by this group of volunteers who are dedicated to preserving the memory of the Scottish Covenanters of the seventeenth century. They do this mainly by practical work protecting and repairing the large number of local memorials and inscriptions scattered around Scotland, many dedicated to individual Covenanters. The website provides a brief overview of the history of this popular movement of Presbyterians, mostly Lowland Scots, against the imposition of the episcopal Church of England, and the Book of Common Prayer, between 1638 and 1688, charting the increasing violence of their persecution which increased significantly after the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660. This is complemented by a growing gazetteer of the memorials, many of which are illustrated with photographs and transcriptions of the inscriptions.
Scriptorium - Buchproduktion im Mittelalter (Book production in the Middle Ages) is a joint online project of the University of Heidelberg Library and the University's Institute for Art History. The site contains a collection of digitized late medieval illustrated manuscripts from the Bibliotheca Palatina, the library of the Palatine Duke electors. Heidelberg University Library holds over 26 fifteenth century illustrated manuscripts which were produced by three of the most prominent German workshops. The manuscripts are organised according to these workshops: the "Elsässische Werkstatt von 1418"; the workshop of Diebold Lauber at Hagenau; and the workshop of Ludwig Henfflin, which was probably based at Stuttgart. The site features illustrated historical essays explaining the techniques practised by each workshop. There are additional essays giving the historical background of the period, and a piece on the later impact of the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648). Each essay provides a bibliography of secondary sources.The site claims that the manuscripts cover the spectrum of medieval literature. They include: religious and devotional works; chronicles; medieval callendars; epic literature; works on natural history; and legal literature. Online quality of the manuscripts themselves is excellent, and site visitors can see both writing and illustrations clearly. There is a search engine which allows indexed iconographic searches; there is also a good links page. The site posts press reviews of its content. The images can be ordered on CD-ROM; ordering costs and instructions are given. The site is beautifully designed and illustrated. It will serve researchers, undergraduate instruction, and those interested among the general public.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Segregation and Social Structure in Early 20th Century Belfast' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To collect data which would facilitate the analysis of segregation and social structure in early twentieth century Belfast in relation to the main religious groups in the city - Catholics, Episcopalians, Presbyterians, Methodists and other Protestant groups. The data is available to order from the HDS as a relational database (tab delimited text files). From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of an eight per cent sample of households was drawn from the 1901 Census schedules (Public Record Office, Dublin) and all variables on the form recorded: age, sex, relationship to head,birthplace, religion, occupation, literacy, Irish language. Each sample household was also linked with valuation data from the special valuation of Belfast, 1900-1901, and also with the 'Belfast and Ulster directory' for 1896 and 1906, to discern whether the same family was at the address in those years.
Seven Deadly Sins and Seven Corporal Works of Mercy is the website of a project belonging to the University of Leicester. The project's aim was to produce a searchable database of information and images relating to fifteenth and sixteenth-century didactic wall paintings depicting these subjects in British churches. The database was originally intended for art history students, but the data incorporates related textual information, for example sermons and diocesan records, that would be of interest to medieval historians more generally. The site as a whole provides: an introduction to the project and its work; two separate FAQs (one relating to the Seven Deadly Sins and one to the Seven Corporal Works of Mercy); the schema behind various depictions of the subject matter; initial project findings; a comparison between the two subjects; a bibliography; and the database itself. The database can be searched via various fields including: village or church name; county; date; schema; number of figures; and gender of main figure. Each database entry is fairly detailed, giving: architectural details of the church; position of the wall paintings; information on other paintings in the building; and the date the painting was uncovered, among other details.
The website SOAS Library : Archives and Manuscripts provides an overview and practical information about this section of the School of Oriental and African Studies' Library (SOAS). The extensive holdings of one of the foremost institutions in its field, include materials relating to Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and the Pacific. A particular strength of the collection is the documentation of individual missionaries. There are also the papers of such luminaries as Robert Wellesley Cole, Andrew Hake, William Sewell, and A.J. Arkell. SOAS has a large collection of documents on Chinese Maritime Customs, and former members of the China Consular Service. Language and literature are also well-represented with a combination of the papers of authors, scholars and critics. There is also a regional guide to the archives and manuscripts, an oral archive collection and a guide to photographic sources. Some of the latter resources are displayed in an image gallery. Opening hours, access conditions and reprographic details and prices are available on the site, as well as directions to the library.
This is the website of the Società Internazionale per lo Studio del Medioevo Latino (SISMEL) based in Florence, Italy. The website provides information on the Society's activities, events, courses, research fellowships, access to the Society's online library catalogue, and lists of SISMEL's current and past publications, including Edizioni del Galluzzo. Additionally present are links to significant research resources for medieval studies produced by SISMEL. These include: Medioevo Latino (MEL), an annual bibliographical bulletin of European culture from Boethius to Erasmus (6th-15th century); Bibliotheca Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Recentiorisque Aevi (BISLAM); Compendium Auctorum Latinorum Medii Aevi (500-1500) (CALMA); the works, manuscript tradition and life of Gregorio Magno; Guide to patristical Latin manuscripts; Corpus of Latin Rhythmical Texts (4th-9th century); Collection of inventories, catalogues and lists of manuscripts from western medieval libraries (8th-15th century) (RICABIM); Music in the Middle Ages - medieval music bibliographical bulletin (MEM); Biblioteca agiografica italiana (BAI); the Italian Bible; La Mistica; CODEX - an inventory of medieval manuscripts from Tuscany.
This website presents a wealth of information on over 300 churches and 100 churches primarily in Nottinghamshire. The site's aims are to: 'establish a database of information on the 300+ churches and 100+ former churches/sites and to provide internet web pages for wider circulation; help parishes appreciate their church buildings and provide booklets and information for visitors and tourists; provide historic information to Church Architects, Archaeologists and Conservators to enable them to make proposals on maintenance and improvement of our churches in a more informed way; promote church buildings as resources for schools and colleges; and to enable family historians to seek out information by ensuring that records are properly protected and preserved'. The website itself is very easy to navigate: each of the churches is listed alphabetically and clicking on any of the names takes the user to a separate page which details the information available. The information varies from church to church, with some including plans and drawings of the inside of the church, and others simply describing the church. This website is a huge undertaking and provides users with an excellent amount of information on Britain's churches.
The online text Spanish and Portuguese monastic history: 600-1300 is the collection of thirteen essays by the American scholar Charles Julian Bishko on the topic of the title, specifically compiled for the online edition. All of the essays had been published earlier in printed form, primarily in periodicals between 1948-1984. Of the 13 essays, three tackle specifically Portuguese aspects of Iberian ecclesiastical history, whilst the others touch upon Portuguese dimensions in a wider context. The three essays concern Portuguese pactual monasticism, Henry of Portugal, and Cluniac priories in Portugal. The site provides the citation of the original publication. The transcriptions of the articles note the pagination of the original printed version, and also provide bibliographical and other notes. This site addresses the needs of historians of mediaeval Portugal and those of ecclesiastical historians, as it makes available scholarly articles that would othewise be difficult to obtain.
The St Albans Psalter website makes available text and images from the medieval St Albans Psalter, with additional English translation, commentary and contextual information. The St Albans Psalter is an illuminated manuscript created in the 12th Century for Christina of Markyate, an anchoress at St Albans. The miniatures, painted by the so-called Alexis Master, are among the finest examples of English Romanesque painting. Essays on the site cover topics such as: Christina of Markyate and the Abbot Geoffrey de Gorham; iconography; codicology; the Alexis Master and the other artists; the scribes; miniatures; and the calendar. The book itself can be browsed by page, and viewed with commentary, or with translation. The reproduction quality of the pages is very high. A less extensive version of the site is also available in German. The site is a collaboration between the History of Art and Historic Collections departments of the University of Aberdeen, and has received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (now the AHRC) and the Faculty of Arts and Divinity at University of Aberdeen. Anyone studying or researching medieval iconography; manuscripts; or history would find this impressive site of interest.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Stanwick Baptisms, 18th Century (Northamptonshire)', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive, University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file, though to make use of this material you must first register with the HDS (further information and instructions are supplied). The data in this study offers details of baptisms taken from the baptismal register for Stanwick in Northamptonshire. The following variables are included: surname; name of the child; name of the father; name of the mother; date of baptism - year, month, day; and whether the vicar conducted the baptism. Each record also contains a notes field for any additional information or notes.
This website provides information on opening hours, access rules, and its location. Part of the Polish state archives, the branch in Białystok, was formally established in 1952. It contains records on the eastern area of Poland, and of its Jewish population and those of the Augsburg confession. Another important collection is that of the documentation pertaining to the State Forest of Białowieża. The oldest document dates from 1640. There are details on the site of the archive's publications. This site is of great use to those who are researching the eastern borderlands of Poland (Kresy), and the lands that were formerly Poland, now in Ukraine, Lithuania, and Belarus.
The Web Site of the "Archiwum państwowe w Łodzi (State archive in Lodz)" provides information on the archive and its opening hours, locations, and collections. The archive was formally founded in 1926 and a history of the archive is featured on the site. The archive has departments in Pabianice and Sieradz, and its Łódź headquarters divides holdings into pre-1945 and post-1945 sections. There is an online catalogue of the holdings available in RTF form as a ZIP file, or in smaller lists of the records. Holdings include judicial, financial, administrative, educational, and military records. They can be searched via the databases SEZAM, IZA (inventories), PRADZIAD, and ELA. This is a site of interest to those researching the nineteenth and twentieth century history of the ?ód? area.
This is a website published by a local history enthusiast, Simon Knott, which aims to catalogue all of the Anglican and Catholic churches in Suffolk, with descriptions and accompanying photographs. Currently there are around six hundred churches featured on the site, and these can be searched or browsed by place name. Each entry contains: a short history of the church; details of architectural changes made to the buildings; and location and access details, as well as Simon's personal view of the building and its features. In addition to the main catalogue, there are also: suggestions for further reading; a glossary of unfamiliar terms; and audio files of programmes and interviews the author has participated in for BBC Radio Suffolk. This site would be of interest to those studying church architecture (particularly medieval) and archaeologists.
This short Web page describes an AHRC-funded research project into Cistercian monastic houses in two medieval border areas - Scotland and Pomerania. These communities were adept at dealing with relationships on both sides of fluid medieval borders and the study of these sheds much light on the emergence of more rigid borders in the fourteenth century. The project will result in a book and a prosopographical database.
The TASC website is the project home page of the Transnational Database and Atlas of Saints' Cults, hosted by the University of Leicester and created by Graham R. Jones. The site provides information about the project, and also allows access to some of the datasets that have been produced. The datasets contain information regarding church dedications in parishes across Britain and parts of Europe, which can be used to map the distribution and density of Christian saints' cults in particular areas at particular times. Included in the European datasets are: Munster, Uberstift; West Frisia; Karelia; Novgorod; Catalunya; and the Former Yugoslavia (Kosovo). British pre-reformation data includes the dioceses of: Lincoln; Worcester; Bath and Wells; and London. The data (organised by location within the aformentioned regions) would be useful primarily to researchers working in the fields of religious and cult history, but may also be of interest to local historians and general readers. The project's main page includes information on the development and methodology of the project, in addition to details of various colloquia and publications organised and produced by the TASC project. Users can view the datasets online, or download them for further use. The site gives helpful information on: the structure of the data, including a glossary of terms; tips for searching and sorting; and methods of accessing the data. Despite the usefulness of the data provided here, accessibility is limited by the fact that most of the datasets are only available online via Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.01 and above or, as in some cases, for download as Microsoft Excel files. The site has last been updated in 2005, therefore does not reflect recent developments in this field.
The Taxatio database is derived from the printed (1802) edition of the Ecclesiastical Assessment of Pope Nicholas of 1292, which provides the most comprehensive list available of the parochial wealth of England and Wales at that time. A research project is adding further information from other sources, including manuscript versions of the Assessment. Users can input a parish name, and get back details of its medieval value, location and ecclesiastical patronage. Description supplied by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
The TEAMS website is the online home of the Consortium for the Teaching of the Middle Ages. The organization was founded by the Medieval Academy of America to support the teaching activities of its members and is now a non-profit organisation supporting the teaching of medieval studies at all educational levels. TEAMS projects include: the publication of a series of teaching texts in association with the University of Western Michigan's Medieval Institute Publications; the maintenance of an online textual archive of the literature of the Middle Ages; and outreach work with secondary schools. Details of all these activities are published on the site. The online teaching resources for primary and secondary educators are amongst the most useful features of this site. Resources include detailed lesson plans for teaching different age groups, providing: a checklist of equipment needed; a glossary of key vocabulary for each unit; and suggestions for evaluating pupil performance during each task. Activities for younger children include: music; movement; and re-enactment exercises. Online texts are accompanied by an introduction and suggestions for further reading. There is also a comprehensive bibliography on the site.
"Ten common errors and myths about the witch hunts" is a collection of notes and essays from Professor Pavlac on the witch hunts of medieval Europe. As a lecturer at a Catholic College, he includes a discussion of the role of the Church as well as social and cultural factors in the persecution of witches, and tackles some of the more common misconceptions about the nature of the persecutions. This set of notes, written to complement a course in women's history, contain a link to related articles on the causes of the witch hunts.
The TimeRef website is a resource for those studying Medieval history, concentrating particularly on England, Scotland and Wales. The site includes details on: people; places; and events, with the information primarily organised into timelines. Information can be accessed through: navigation bars; timelines; and other graphical navigation devices, as well as a search engine. Information is presented in a variety of ways, including: photographs; plans; digital reconstructions of cathedrals, abbeys and castles; family trees and personal timelines; and maps. There is also: a section on the architecture of the period; a list of links to related websites; and a glossary of terms used on the site. The site is also available in a text-only version. The site is updated regularly.
Part of the collection of the National Gallery of Art in the United States, the website provides an overview of fifteenth century Florence, together with a detailed examination of six paintings from that period, including works by Fra Anglico and Filippo Lippi. Each painting has a full description and it is possible to access details of its provenance, its exhibition history, and a bibliography.
Traditio is an important journal of ancient and medieval history, thought and religion. Its no-frills website provides two indices to the first fifty of its volumes (to 1995). The first index is most useful for compiling bibliographies, as it categorizes the articles by assigning them to one of nineteen subject headings. The second orders them by name of author. Besides the indices, the text of the foreword to the fiftieth anniversary volume is provided. It outlines the origins and history of the journal.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Trans-national Database and Atlas of Saints' Cults, c. 700-2000', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as a set of tab delimited text files, though to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS: further information is supplied giving instructions. The Trans-national Database and Atlas of Saints' Cults aims to establish a parish-by-parish, commune-by-commune inventory of religious devotion in Europe and beyond. Evidence of cults saintly, angelic, and divine is built up from documentation and other sources, and centres on the dedications of churches and chapels and of subsidiary foci of devotion such as side altars, images, and lights. The datasets form an inventory of evidence for both official and popular devotion to and commemoration of religious figures and concepts ('cults') at the most local level at all periods.
"Tudors.org" is an authoritative, academic website, produced by one of the most eminent experts in Tudor history (1485-1603), Professor John Guy from the University of St Andrews. This website is based on a collection of essays, and aims in its own words "to dispense some of the most up-to-date information regarding Tudor England that is available". This site is of great use and interest to undergraduates, researchers, and postgraduates alike, as it presents alternative views on one of the most popularly taught subjects of English or British History - the Tudors. The site is organised into two main sections: "History menu" and "Tudor history discussion". Each classify their content according to a selected education level: AS/A2 and Undergraduate. Under "History menu" public lecture notes and links to primary sources are posted, while the "Tudor history discussion" links to the forum where books by John Guy and Julia Fox are debated. The site has been redesigned and now contains a forum. Advertisments are present on the site but they are tolerable. The main page announces the latest additions to the site.
The Tyndale Society is dedicated to the biblical translator and Reformation theologian William Tyndale (1495?-1536). The Society's website provides information about the organisation's aims and events, especially the conferences, lectures and social activities which it organises. Helpfully for the historian and student of theology or religious studies, the site provides a search facility for the Tyndale Society and Reformation journals; and for the complete text of the Wycliffe Bible. This beautifully-designed site is divided into sections on: events; Tyndale's genealogy; links; membership details; publications; and an introduction to Tyndale's life and work. A distinguished panel of trustees and editors ensures the quality of material contained in the site.
The website 'University of Bristol Special Collections' describes the special collections held by the University of Bristol Library. Covering a wide range of subjects the collections derive from a wide range of subject-specific personal and institutional libraries donated to the university. Particular strengths are in the history of architecture, non-conformist Christian movements, science and medicine as well as rare books, political pamphlets and social history. Other collections include various family archives, often related to the history of Bristol and the nationally important collection of material relating to Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The site informs about catalogues and archives and gives guidance regarding library policy and practical things to know for users.
Essex Past is the website for the section of the Victoria County History that relates to Essex, providing information about the ten major volumes already published and draft texts for a forthcoming volume. Work on the county of Essex, as on most English counties of this standard reference work, has been sporadic since its beginning in the reign of Queen Victoria and providing texts online is a useful means for researchers to access new information whilst waiting for the hard copy volumes to be published. The involvement of the University of Essex, Essex County Council and the Institute of Historical Research in this essential resource underlines its importance. Information about the volumes and parishes completed to date is provided, with details of how the research is carried out and of collaborative projects. The draft texts for volume XII, covering the north east Essex coast, concentrate on Frinton, Walton on the Naze, Kirby le Soken and Thorpe le Soken. The website has not been updated recently and there is an online appeal for funding.
The Victorian Web provides a comprehensive general overview of nineteenth century British history and literature. The site is divided into sections: on political, social, and economic history; gender matters; philosophy; religion; science; technology; genre and technique; authors; visual arts; and Victorian design. Within each section commentaries present a useful introduction to the topics, abstracts from primary sources, links to other web resources and a bibliography. The Victorian web was created under the direction of George Landow, Professor of English and Art History at Brown University. The site was originally designed as a resource to aid in the teaching of courses in Victorian literature. All the material is in English and is available free of charge.
"Go Britannia! Wales : The History of Wales" is part of this American website that provides information for travellers to Britain. This is a lengthy (34 articles) account of the history of Wales written by a native, covering the cultural revival, Tudor Wales, religious changes under the Stuarts, the coming of industry, the emergence of the Labour Party, and the language dilemma, even migration to Patagonia - "The History of Wales from the Welsh point of view". As well as progressing through the articles in a linear fashion it is also possible to jump to other articles in the series, and also to use the general Britannia search engine.
The homepage of the Warburg Institute Library provides information on the collections of this impressive library that specialises mainly in the History of Art; Religion; Science; Philosophy; and Social and Political History. The library is particularly renowned for its holdings on the Renaissance and Humanism. With holdings of over 350,000 volumes, the Library, based in Central London, also has around 2,500 runs of periodicals. There is a complete microfiche edition of 4,800 pre-1800 volumes of the Cicognara collection in the Vatican Library. Another significant collection is the Holkham Hall Manuscripts, from the library of the Earls of Leicester, which contains classical, patristic and humanistic texts. The libraries of the Royal Numismatic Society and the British Numismatic Society are also housed at the Warburg. The website lists the subjects covered in the collections, links directly to the School of Advanced Study catalogue listings in that subject and displays the items held at the Warburg. Practical advice and information on using the library and access to collections are also provided.
The website "Warwick Network for Parish Research" has been created by scholars who are undertaking parish-based research based at Warwick University's Department of History. The network is an informal association that intends to foster collaboration among academics with parish-related interests, in order to facilitate the study of all aspects of European parishes over the period from c.1300 to 1800. It will be of interest to all scholars working in the field, including those taking an interdisciplinary or comparative approach. The structure of the site includes the following sections: Research projects at Warwick and elsewhere; The Warwick Symposium on Parish Research; Selecti bibliography; Parish sources; Parish-related news and events; forums; links; texts; and Writing parish history. Relevant sections include English and non-English material alike. The digital sources include links to archival records, audio and visual records from parishes, available online. The site is thus an important portal for current research on parishes and community culture. Resources produced by academics at Warwick are generally available as Word files.
The 'What Every Medievalist Should Know' (WEMSK) website consists of an extensive annotated bibliography covering all aspects of medieval studies. It is intended for graduate students rather than specialists, although undergraduates may find it useful as well. Everything from 'Mechanics in the Middle Ages' to 'Old Church Slavic Literature' is covered, with topics being posted on a weekly basis. The site is divided into the weeks on which the topics were added, and then according to specific topic area. Topics can also be browsed alphabetically. Each topic is introduced with recommended starting reading and helpful remarks as to where to take one's studies from there, with sub-lists for specific fields within the overall topic. Each topic page concludes with links to other electronic resources. This is a site with clear aims, which it addresses admirably. The new graduate student beginning research in any aspect of medieval life or literature will find direction and useful starting points here.
Celebrating Memory and Mission: John Wesley at 300 is an online exhibition of archival materials related to the life, work and influence of John Wesley (1703-1791) hosted by the E. J. Pratt Library, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The site begins by providing a biography of Wesley, including his conversion experience of 1738, which led him to refocus his high-church Anglican stance and found the Methodist movement. This biography is accompanied by a timeline and a biography of Wesley's brother, Charles Wesley (1707-1788). The site features a display of Wesleyana which typify the rise of Methodism: there are scanned images of handwritten letters by Wesley, books he edited, and his portrait. The exhibit also shows a collection of ceramic busts of notable Methodists crafted by Josiah Wedgwood (1730-1795). All artefacts and printed materials depicted here are taken from the Special Collections of the E. J. Pratt Library. The site itself provides a fair amount of detail in this regard, including a section on the history of the collection. Researchers in social and cultural history, as well as Canadian, American and British History, will particularly appreciate this site's coverage of a notable religious leader.
As well as providing details of services and other visitor information, the Westminster Abbey website features a detailed illustrated tour of the building, providing information and images about the entire building. This tour is also accessible via a clickable floor plan which, in addition, contains 360 degree panoramas of the west front, the Sacrarium, the nave, the tower crossing and the Lady Chapel. Information about the library and archives, and historical information about coronations, statues and other aspects of the Abbey's history are provided, as well as a list of frequently asked questions.
The website "William Dowsing" makes available online the full-text of William Dowsing's 1643-1644 journal, which documents his activity inspecting churches and removing superstitious imagery from Suffolk and Cambridgeshire churches. The site is based on a print publication of Dowsing's diaries, although the online version only offers the text of Dowsing's diaries, and not the additional chapters on iconoclasm in seventeenth century East Anglia, Dowsing's life, and the notes on individual churches that feature in the print version. The online journal can be viewed in two ways, with frames and a place name index, or the diary can be viewed chronologically without frames or an index. This is a great resource for historians of iconoclasm and religious change in the 17th century, as well as for local historians and religious historians in general.
"The Witch Hunt" is an excellent site created by an enthousiast historian on the witchcraft persecution, with information in both English and German and a bibliography of over 3,500 works. The site can be used by those writing school projects, undergraduates or researchers, as it provides a wide variety of information on the persecution of witches, their trials and the literature that supported and encouraged the phenomenon. Unfortunately, the English site has not been translated very well and many of the sections have only German versions when accessed from the home page but do open their English variants when one moves away from the main page. The author of the web page, Dr Dietmar Nix, has published work on witchcraft and the site is hosted by the University of Cologne. The site provides information about definitions of witchcraft, a time-frame, superstition, victims, those who hunted witches, the role of the church, a text-archive, and literature and demonology. An interactive trial enables readers to participate in their own trial, which could be useful for school-level teaching. The gallery is a rich source of illustrations of book frontispieces, trials, superstition, and witchcraft practices.The site may be downloaded as a 1MB ZIP-archive package for local use. The bibliography can be downloaded in PDF format, as can parts of texts of many of the crucial legal works connected with the persecution of witches such as Constitutio Criminalis Carolina, Malleus Maleficarum, and Cautio Criminalis. The internal search engine allows readers with more specific interests, for example for research purposes, to access information more easily. An extremely impressive page lists several hundred links, each accompanied by a commentary. This section is in German, but the web pages should provide readers with a clue as to whether the pages are in English. The links have been selected on the basis of a search using the German term 'Hexenprozesse' (witch trials).
"The Witchcraft bibliography project" is an impressive textually-based website that provides a downloadable (PDF) bibliography of books and articles on the historical subject of witchcraft in both Europe and North America. To ease selection, the material is divided into both subject area (such as demonology, social sciences, historiography, art and literature) and geographical area (for example, former USSR, Eastern Europe, USA). However, as the bibliography lacks internal hyperlinks, and the only search function is that standard to PDFs, this is not the easiest of resources to navigate. Predictably, the areas that have undergone most study, such as France, Germany, and the USA are more comprehensively covered. A welcome addition is the chapter listing modern editions of standard Early Modern works of demonology. This site is invaluable for anyone with an interest in the historical aspect of the Early Modern witchcraft persecution, whether compiling a school project, undergraduate essay or doctoral thesis. There is scope for submitting entries and contacting the project manager. The project is run from the University of North Texas, by an academic authority on witchcraft, Dr Richard Golden, and the information is also available on the department's history site.
Witchcraft in seventeenth-century Flintshire is published as part of the Digital Mirror by the National Library of Wales. On the site are the digitised gaol files from the Court of Great Sessions, recording three witch trials that took place in Flintshire, Wales during the second half of the seventeenth century. Featured are documents of both accusation and supporting petition for the cases of Dorothy Griffith in 1656, Anne Ellis in 1657 and Charles Hughes in 1690.
The website "Witchcraft Trials in Scotland" is a personal page compiled by Dr E. H. Thompson of the University of Dundee. The site contains essays on the following subjects: Macbeth, King James and the Witches; the woodblock illustrations of "Newes from Scotland"; and a chronology of dates and reports on the North Berwick witchcraft trials of 1590-1594. Permission to cite the works is given on the site. Dr Thompson provides an interesting insight into various aspects of Scottish witchcraft, including the literary and conceptual portrayals of witchcraft, the iconography of witchcraft and the involvement of the Earl of Bothwell. (A genealogy of the Earl is also promised, but as the site is not frequently updated, seems unlikely to appear in the near future.) The site is a useful resource for those researching or studying witchcraft or Scottish history.
"Witchcraft, magic and witch trials in Finland" is a website that deals primarily with early modern witchcraft trials in Finland. It is the work of Timo Kervinen (a lawyer and criminologist) and Dr Marko Nenonen of the University of Tampere, authors of the book "The Wage of Sin is Death". The site offers a collection of articles, including a synopsis of the Finnish trials from 1500-1750, together with an extremely useful map, which shows the frequency and location of the trials. The information is based on an analysis of over 1,200 trials of those accused of witchcraft. Finnish shamanistic traditions and their connections with witchcraft are also covered, as is the subject of male witches and witchdoctors. There is a section on witch-drums and an illustration of the devil from a church in Kalanti, west Finland. The site also offers bibliographic information, including a useful list of articles published either in English or German. There are also links to other sites on the subject of Scandinavian culture and folklore. Overall, the site is of a good academic standard, with all scholarly conventions respected. This resource, which is available in both English and Finnish versions, may be of use to undergraduates or researchers interested specifically in Finland.
The Web Site "Witches in Flanders/Hexsen in Vlaanderen" is an excellent site in both Dutch and English. It has been published online by Professor Jos Monballyu of the Faculty of Law, Catholic University Leuven, and is part of the larger site "Low Countries Law (Recht Uit de Lage Landen)". This is an extremely useful site for those carrying out research on Flanders, or comparative witchcraft. The site covers the period from 1450 to 1700. It provides a chronological list of those accused of witchcraft who were burnt, and a bibliography on the subject of witchcraft in Flanders. The site is based on original manuscript sources and provides material on 71 cases. The extensive bibliography lists over 150 positions. Unfortunately at the time of cataloguing the section which was supposed to contain a chronological list of trials for witchraft and sorcery linked to the bibliography.
"The witching hours" is a website that provides information on different aspects of the persecution of witches and the subject of witchcraft. However, the content of some sections could be considered to be of an adult nature. This site does not claim to be of an academic nature, but is a textual collection of many random subjects connected to witchcraft; examples are nonetheless taken from scholarly literature, fully credited on each section and in the bibliography. As an introduction to the subject, there is a lot of good material. There are seven clearly marked sections: documents of the witchcraze; magic, spells, and potions; the witchcraze today; people of the witchcraze; punishment, torture and ordeal; supernatural creatures of the witchcraze; and traits of the witches. Each section contains sub-sections with specific information, for example, people of the witchcraze includes paragraphs on Gilles de Rais, the Pappenheimers, Stedinger, Paracelsus, and Faustus, as well as over 100 other individuals.There are parallels drawn with the present-day, an ever-common feature on sites on Early Modern witchcraft, which is not always relevant. The information presented is rather random, it must be said. In a rather hit or miss fashion, the site can be useful for research if the reader seeks a particularly specialist piece of information, but also for those interested in the phenomenon of witchcraft as a general subject. It is extremely easy to navigate but the material is of varying academic quality. The search engine is helpful, but also features advertising. The question and answer forum, was not, at the time of writing, available. There is a good links section, which is divided into sections, including demon possession, Jeanne d'Arc, the European witch craze, and the American witch craze. The links are accompanied by a sentence or phrase of explanation.
The World Universities Network (WUN): Medieval Studies website is part of the WUN's ongoing efforts to promote international collaboration in research and teaching among its member institutions. The Medieval Studies group is an inter-disciplinary group that looks primarily at the themes: 'The Medieval Garden'; 'Multilingualism'; 'The Medieval Book'; and 'Emergence of the State'. These themes represent current research projects being undertaken by WUN members, such as 'The Online Froissart' (at the University of Sheffield); 'Multilingualism in the Middle Ages' (a collaboration between the Universities of: Bristol; Leeds; Utrecht; and Oslo among others); and 'The Digital Medieval Garden' (University of Bristol and Pennsylvania State University among others). The site provides: an overview of the WUN Medieval Studies group; details of the group's membership; links to the websites of the various projects; details of related events worldwide; and some online resources (mainly minutes of project meetings, project updates etc.). The site would be of use to researchers or scholars working in the group's areas of interest, as a tool for the exchange of ideas and information on these topics.
The Yorkshire Quaker Heritage Project aims to increase access to and awareness of collections of Quaker material relating to Yorkshire. The project's website offers two online databases: one provides descriptions of Yorkshire Quaker collections and their locations; the other is a name index. The website also provides some background information on the project and on Quakerism in general. Other features of the site include a news and events section, a guide to sources for those interested in researching Yorkshire Quaker history, and a list of links to other Quaker sites. The Yorkshire Quaker Heritage Project receives funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP).
The website "Zeitenblicke 1 (2002) Nr. 1: Hexenforschung aktuell" features the first issue of the historical German ejournal Zeitenblicke, which took the subject of research into witchcraft as its topic. The main language of the journal is German, although there are versions of the introduction, plus occasional articles, in English and French. This edition features an article by the eminent expert in the iconography of witchcraft - Charles Zika. He discusses the influence of the imagery surrounding the ancient sorceress Circe, especially in printed woodcuts, on the formation of the discourse on witchcraft in the 15th and 16th centuries. Other coverage includes: an interview with Carlo Ginzburg; a virtual conversation with Wolfgang Behringer (University of York); sections on sources, digitisation projects, and regional studies of trials for witchcraft such as those of Trier and Luxemburg; and reviews. Since this first issue, Zeitenblicke has been published three times a year: later editions can be accessed via the journal's archive.
This web page lists the special collections held by Staffordshire University library. Each collection is described, and can be searched from the library’s online catalogue. Key collections include: the 19th century Badminton Library of Sports and Pastimes; Centre for the History of Psychology (CHOP) Collection; the Ceramic History Collection; the Dorothy Thompson Collection of Chartist history and the local history of Yorkshire and Lancashire; Eysenck Collection of literature relating to psychology and crime; the Iris Strange Collection documenting the widows of World War 2, through personal and official letters; the Staffordshire Film Archive; the Mining Collection which contains original records from Hem Heath and Silverdale collieries and National Coal Board records.
This website describes the special collection of archives, manuscripts and rare books held at the University of Exeter Library. Whilst the collection exists to underpin the scholarly activities of the university, it is particularly strong in Arab and Islamic studies, visual culture, English literature (particularly that connected to South West England), Victorian and Imperial studies, and collections of religious and church parish material. These are described on the website, together with the current state of their documentation, and access arrangements. The website also includes information about exhibitions in the Special Collections Reading Room at the university, as well as links to related fine art and film resources also held here.
The University of Nottingham Library has been collecting manuscripts and local archives for over 70 years and these now form the backbone of its extensive special collections. The three million documents include extensive rare printed book holdings, manuscripts, East Midlands local materials, items relating to author DH Lawrence, the family and estate papers of Portland (London), Portland of Welbeck, and Newcastle of Clumber (these last three designated as having national significance). Other subjects covered include 18th to 19th century drama, children’s educational literature, the history of medicine, Icelandic literature, the French Revolution and the university’s own archive. The website describes the collections and has a number of eLearning resources based on them, as well as access information