The 1001 Wonders website is in the process of creating an interactive site for each of 1001 world heritage sites around the globe. Each finished page has a 360 degree interactive panorama of the site, as well as a brief description. The website is very easy to use. A visitor clicks the "Planisphere" menu at the top of the homepage to access a world map. From here, parts of the world can be clicked on to get to particular sites in that area. The panoramas are a high resolution and very clear and would make an excellent teaching tool as well as an informative and interesting resource for students and members of the general public.
This website encourages exploration and understanding of and participation around the collection of Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums (Aberdeen Art Gallery, Aberdeen Maritime Museum, Provost Skene's House and the Tolbooth). A selection of images have been digitized to represent the scope and depth of the collections and arranged in virtual tours, including some of relevance for art history, maritime history, the history of science and industry, archaeology and numismatics. There is also an online catalogue of this selection of objects from the collection of Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums. It is possible to view these objects in various ways: single image with basic cataloguing information; 6 images with a simple caption of the object's title or name; or a list of objects without images. All the images can be enlarged to a full-screen size.
The Aberdeen Bestiary website gives access to a digitised version of the entire manuscript of the Aberdeen Bestiary (Aberdeen University Library MS 24), considered to be one of the best examples of its type. The manuscript, written and illuminated in England around 1200, ended up in the possession of Aberdeen University in the 19th century. It is of added interest since it contains notes, sketches and other evidence of the way it was designed and executed. The site's home page gives access to the Bestiary, its history and codicology, and an extensive bibliography. There is also information about bestiaries generally. The entire manuscript has been digitised using Photo-CD technology, thus creating a surrogate, while allowing greater access to the text itself. The digitised version, offering the display of full-page images and of detailed views of illustrations and other significant features, is complemented by a series of commentaries, which include art history material, and a transcription and translation of the original Latin. The Bestiary can also be searched by keyword. This project is funded under the Joint Funding Councils Libraries Review Group: Specialised Research Collections in the Humanities initiative. The project is a collaborative effort between Aberdeen University Library, the Department of History of Art and the Centre for Computer Based Learning in Land Use and Environmental Sciences (CLUES).
The website 'Accessing Scotland's Past' is a pilot project managed by the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. The organisation records and interprets a variety of sites, monuments and buildings which are significant in Scotland's heritage. It works to promote the use of these resources through the National Monuments Record of Scotland. Photographs; aerial views; books; periodicals; site reports; maps; architectural drawings; and models make up the records which have long been catalogued for use of the general public. This project however aims to provide a clearer guide to each historical site and historical building by giving a historical overview and information on further resources and external links. The historical overviews are concise and may not offer enough depth for academics. The site provides some examples of its work but further references must be accessed through another site to which links are given. As the project is only in a pilot stage, the target areas are restricted to the Cairngorms; Aberdeenshire and Moray; and the Merse in the Scottish Borders.
AE: Canadian Aesthetics Journal is a full-text ejournal, published in French and English. This free journal aims to publish interdisciplinary articles in aesthetic philosophies, and invites contributions in "approaches to analyzing aesthetic concepts and experiences, in the light of the history and the evolution of art, include reception aesthetics, poietics, phenomenology, hermeneutics, and analytical philosophy of art". English predominates among the articles. Articles are available from 1996 to 2008, and are published as HTML pages. Some issues are themed, and at June 2009 the latest issue is a special on William Morris. The journal also has book reviews. The website has full details of the Editors, Editorial Board, and Advisory Board. There are instructions on how to submit an article.
'Aesthetics After Photography' is a major AHRC-funded research project that aims to "examine the significance of the transformation in contemporary photographic art practice from the 1960s to the present, and its implications for aesthetic theory". The project will run for three years, from 2007-2010. The project's website has a full profile of the aims and members, plus full details of several events, including lectures and seminars, held around the theme. There is also a summary of the research project, contact details, and a small number of selected external Web links. The project is a collaboration between the University of Warwick and the University of Essex.
The AHRC Early Modern Worship Network (EMWN) is a current AHRC research network based at Durham University. It aims to be a network for "historians, literary scholars, theologians, musicologists and other early modernists [who] all share an interest in the practice of religion in the early modern world" and in particular for the examination of "religious practice and its meanings in early modern British culture". The EMWN has two mains themes: "collective and public worship; and private and household devotions". Two major EMWN conferences will be held on these topics in Sept 2008 and June 2009. The website also has news of a £20,000 EMWN fund to send academics to selected conferences during 2008 and 2009. The website has full details of the aims, steering group, members, and funding.
The AHRC Research Centre for Studies of Surrealism and its Legacies is a collaboration between the universities of Manchester and Essex and the Tate Galleries. Surrealism occupies a unique position in the intellectual and cultural history of the twentieth century. It marked a crisis in post-Enlightenment thought, permeated every sphere of creative life and has been at the heart of debates about modernism and postmodernism. The centre will build on existing scholarship on surrealism and pursue vital new areas of research such as the relationship with science. Drawing together a broad range of disciplinary perspectives, the Centre will explore surrealism's many legacies in art and cultural theory and, in collaboration with the Tate, will disseminate research to scholars, students, artists and the wider public.The website provides information on research currently being carried out at the centre on surrealism and dada, events organised by the centre, and the academics involved with the project. The initial foci of research will be lineages and legacies, intersections, surrealism and science, exhibitions and display, and translation and cultural hybridity. The centre received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Research Centre Awards scheme.
The American Society of Bookplate Collectors and Designers (ASBC&D) website is the home page for the ex libris enthusiasts network and the ASBC&D (ex libris is the Latin 'from books' and is commonly used to describe the printed piece of paper pasted into the first pages of a book to show ownership). The website provides some basic information on bookplates on the front page, including images of the bookplates of several significant historical figures (such as Queen Victoria, Charles de Gaulle and George Washington). Of more significance, however, is the 'Articles of Interest' section which holds several detailed articles on the use and detail of different bookplates from around the world. There is also a bookplate gallery section to the Web page, which provides images of a number of older and more modern bookplates, along with some biographical information on the main artists. Although the website's main focus is members of the ASBC&D, the articles provide an interesting and valued commentary on a rare and relatively unknown point of interest.
Published in Greek and English, Anistoriton is a freely available, peer-reviewed electronic Journal of Archaeology, Art History and History. Although it seems particularly strong in the art, history and archaeology of the ancient world, the journal is global in outlook, with each issue featuring a wide range of topics, mostly related to Classics and classical archaeology (e.g. "Justice and the Self: A Reading of Plato's Gorgias"; "The Hellenic Alphabet: Origins, Use, and Early Function"; "The Roles of Patrician and Plebeian Women in their Religion in Rome"); and history (e.g. "President Johnson's Vietnam Policy = President Kennedy's Vietnam Policy?"; "The Polish Question at the Yalta Conference"; "Slavery, Society, and the Law in America. The Slave Law in Virginia (1607-1776)"). The website includes a discussion forum extending the published essays, together with a searchable archive of back issues.
The website "Architectural Heritage Fund" reflects the activities of this organisation. Founded in 1976, the Architectural Heritage Fund is a registered charity that aims to promote the conservation of historic buildings in the United Kingdom. The website provides information on the fund, rescuing buildings, grants and loans available for rescue work and general support for community and voluntary organisations interested in regenerating historic buildings. The site is well structured and provides clear guidance for groups interested in rescuing buildings. It is split into sections on rescuing buildings, grants and loans, advice and publications, regeneration, case studies, funding for historic buildings, news, contact details and a very complete links section to other organisations involved in the regeneration of historic buildings. Navigation through these sections is made easier by simple menus and a "site locator" which tracks were you are within the site. The case studies (available in PDF format as high or low quality versions for quicker download time) provide examples of the type of work the Fund has supported in the past. The news section has recent press cuttings (also in PDF format) on historic buildings and the Architectural Heritage Fund. Summaries of news from within the fund itself are provided in html format.
Published by the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), Architecture.com is a searchable online portal about architecture and the built environment. In addition to providing practical information on architects and the architectural profession (which can also be accessed via the main RIBA webpage), the site features news and debate about the built environment and a valuable reference index of online resources in architecture and architectural history. The fully searchable catalogue of the RIBA Architectural Library (housing the biggest architectural study resource in the UK) is complemented by useful introductions to individual parts of the collection such as books, archives, drawings and photographs. A selection of portraits of leading architects (with annotations) possessed by the RIBA library is reproduced here and provides a useful source of images for historians. The website also provides two separate pages of Internet links. A compilation of over 1000 mainly UK-based sites with abstracts and references is accompanied by a list some 2000 sites on the main RIBA webpage with a broader international subject matter, including the comprehensive 'Great buildings' website. Also included are links to online exhibitions on architects and architectural projects. Architecture.com is a valuable reference source both for practical information on the architectural profession but is will also interest architectural and social historians and heritage professionals.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Art and Industry in the Eighteenth Century' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited text file. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The general purpose of the project was to identify a shift from the mid-eighteenth century in the connections between art and manufacture in England, and to plot the emergence of a distinctive style and range of new English consumer goods. Specifically, the project was intended to produce a case study of the commercial applications of art techniques in fine English earthenware, porcelain and glass, with a subsidiary interest in ornamental metalware and works on paper; and to trace the connections between manufacturers and designers, finishers, decorators and artists. The data contains information regarding manufacturers, consumers, artists, designers, decorators and finishers in the ceramics and glass industries in a number of English towns and counties (particularly Bristol and Liverpool). Details were collected of the associations and connections of these individuals and their techniques, along with information about the places in which they worked, the products they produced, and the sources from which this information derived.
This site is essentially a portal that unites some 200 International galleries and museums in order to bring to public attention information about exhibitions, artists, projects, publications etc. Museums in America and Europe are primarily represented. For example, the Birmingham Museum of Art, the British Museum, the Chrysler Museum, the Hermitage, the J. P. Getty Museum, and the Tate Gallery are all featured.The site allows easy access to the Web pages of the 200 institutions, but it also contains an archive of 10,000 high-quality images from many of the museums featured (The Art Museum Image Consortium). A calendar of exhibitions brings together in a single place the year's programme of international events. The site also contains articles, notices and news, provided by its main sponsor - Reuters.
The Arts and Crafts Movement website contains biographical information about those involved in the movement in America and Britain. Among the long list of contributors to the turn of the century movement are Bauer, Burne-Jones, Crane, De Morgan, Eastlake, Mackintosh, Morris, Pugin, Rossetti, Ruskin, and Tiffany. While some of these artists were not directly artisans of the Arts and Crafts movement, Rossetti, Pugin, and Ruskin were fore-thinkers of the style. They influenced and altered accepted forms of art earlier in the nineteenth-century, inspiring and aiding William Morris and other Pre-Raphaelite followers like Edward Burne-Jones who was a student of Dante Gabriel Rossetti for a short period. This website hosts a newsletter which you can subscribe to for free, as well as a list of publications on the subject.
Assaph: Studies in Art History is the partial archive of a scholarly full-text ejournal in art history published from 1980 to 2003. At June 2009 there are six full issues online (1996-2001), and tables of contents for three more. The journal was published by the Department of Art History at Tel Aviv University, in English. Example article titles include: 'C.R. Ashbee’s Jerusalem Years: Arts and Crafts, Orientalism and British Regionalism'; 'The Non-Presence of People in David Hockney's Painting of Nouveau Riche Houses'; 'The New Images of Women in Early Christian Art'; and 'Medieval Images of Sacred Love: Jewish and Christian Perceptions', as well as many scholarly articles on Israeli art and artists. This archive is a welcome addition to the small number of free art history journals available online.
The website 'ATLA Cooperative Digital Resources Initiative (CDRI)' is a substantial online repository of digital images which may be of use in the study and teaching of religion. Contributed by member libraries of the ATLA (American Theological Library Association), the collection includes images of woodcuts, papyri and manuscripts, photographs, coins, and various forms of Christian artwork and iconography. The database can be browsed or searched by keyword; for those with more specific requirements, there is the option of restricting the search to one or more of the collections which make up the repository. Collections include: Architecture, art, iconography; Ancient Near East; Manuscripts, Texts, Sermons; Missions, World religions; and Other. A very valuable resource for those seeking illustrations for lectures or presentations.
This website devoted to A.W.N. Pugin is an excellent source for those studying nineteenth-century architecture, more specifically, the Gothic Revival, as well as those studying any aspects of nineteenth-century history or literature; it can only serve to enhance one's visual images of the period. This website is highly recommended. Pugin devoted his talents to restoring what he thought to be the lost dignity of English architecture and design. The most important dates in his life are 1834 when the Houses of Parliament burned, and 1835 when he became a Catholic and when he began his work on the New Houses of Parliament with Charles Barry, their largest and finest work. The decadence of the interior of the houses of parliament expresses the essence of Pugin's designs. However, his eagerness with those designs was tampered by Barry's budget. This website contains biographical information as well as many photos of Pugin's works from Kent, Staffordshire, Leicester, Warwickshire, London, Birmingham, Lancashire, Hertfordshire, Surrey and Dorset. There are many images of his decorative designs for tiles, wallpapers, fabrics, gargoyles and grotesques, stained glass, and metalwork. You can find information on pre-Pugin architects, who were highly responsible for Pugin's disgust of English architecture, events shaping his life, and information about his team (John Hardman, John Gregory Crace, Herbert Minton, and George Myers).
During the nineteenth-century, there was great transit of artists and art between Australia and Britain. This website outlines the connections in the art world between the motherland, Britain, and the colony, Australia. There is a brief history of the establishment of colonial art galleries in Melbourne (National Gallery of Victoria 1850), Tasmania (1863) and Sydney (National Gallery of New South Wales (1870s). The website lists several of the most important purchases by the Australian Galleries, many of which were Pre-Raphaelite. While there was much less art travelling to Britain from Australia, in the 1890s there were Australian art exhibits in England. There are biographies on John Longstaff, Rupert Bunny, Bertram Mackennal, and of course, Thomas Woolner, one of the founding members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, who moved to Australia in 1854 shortly after the formation of the Brotherhood. There are links to Australian Galleries' collections at this website.
The Bath Preservation Trust was founded in 1934 to protect the city's unique architectural heritage. Its website provides background information about the Trust and its work, specifically giving information on the buildings and museums in the city of Bath under their protection (the Trust's headquarters at Number 1 Royal Crescent, which features a description and illustrated tour of the building; the Bath Museum building; Beckford's Tower and Museum; and the William Herschel Museum). The website gives information on the buildings, opening times, brief histories, exhibitions and education and events at each site. The website is easy to navigate. Two main menus allow the site to be explored via the individual buildings, or through more basic information on maps and directions, a guest book (which is also browsable online), a search facility and a news and events page. This site is most suitable for those intending to visit the buildings or join the Preservation Trust, and provides basic information on the history of these sites within the UNESCO World Heritage City of Bath.
The Bayeux Tapestry website contains images of all the surviving sections of the tapestry that chronicles the conquest of England by William the Conqueror and the Battle of Hastings in 1066 in particular. A brief introduction is given to the construction and history of the tapestry, which touches on some of the controversies surrounding the work. The site also provides a tour of some of the 'highlights' of the tapestry, with an explanation of what is being represented. The presentation of the site is perhaps a little flamboyant, but the images of the tapestry themselves are of a high quality. Translations of the Latin on the tapestry are also offered. The images have been copyrighted by the site's author, from whom permission should be sought if they are to be reproduced.
This is the Web page of the BBC2 programmes 'Restoration', broadcast in 2003-2004, and 'Restoration Village', 2006. In the programme, historic buildings in different areas of the British Isles are nominated for restoration with a single project to be chosen to receive the prize of restoration. Properties include the Victoria Baths in Manchester (2003's winner); the Old Grammar School, King's Norton (2004's winner); Chedham's Yard, Wellesbourne, Warwickshire (the 2006 winner). Other information provided by the site includes details about the programmes, its presenters and advocates as well information about the restoration fund and details of how to get involved. A database of courses in local history, conservation and heritage, a list of local and national heritage groups and an online library of articles related to buildings is also available. The page is archived.
The Beaford Old Archive is a unique photographic archive of international importance, showing farming and rural life in a small area of North Devon. James Ravilious (1939-1999), son of the neo-romantic artist Eric Ravilious, made documentary photography with a Leica M3 camera in a ten square-mile patch of north Devon, and over 17 years made a unique archive of over 80,000 photographs (the 'New Archive'). He also saved 5,000 early photographs of North Devon (the 'Old Archive'). The Archive website has a short history of the archive. Users have to agree to terms and conditions before entering the serach interface. Images are good-quality although can be zoomed in. Non-vintage prints may be ordered at a reasonable price. The site is now archived.
Taken from the New York Public Library's Photography Collection, the 'Changing New York' website is an online exhibition of fifty-seven enlargeable photographs by Berenice Abbott (1898-1991) documenting the city's rapidly changing built environment between 1935 and 1938. The website includes brief biographical information on Berenice Abbott and background notes to the exhibition.
This website describes an AHRC-funded research project assessing “the rise of spiritualism in contemporary technological culture through the lens of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries”. The project will consider the historical and contemporary relationship between spiritualism, technology and culture, exploring the potential of spiritualism to “be witness of” a particular time. To this end the project intends to develop a network between the University of Westminister’s English and Photography department; other academics with literary, cultural, historical and political interests; visual artists and curators; archivists and specialists in the field (through partnering the Society for Psychical Research). The website gives further details about the project’s intended activities, including a seminar programme in 2008/2009.
The Bibliography and Methods in Medieval Studies website is an online course outline with detailed bibliographies and links to resources for bibliographic research in medieval studies. The site is divided into sub-sections, representing the topics covered each week in the course, including: general bibliographies and Internet sources; medieval history sources; ecclesiastical sources; Latin authors and texts; interpretations of the Bible; the liturgy; hagiography; iconography; manuscript research; science; and popular culture and folklore. Each section is linked to a bibliography, covering "the major reference guides, encyclopaedias, bibliographies and electronic databases". Some of the links to electronic resources are only available to students and staff of the University of Illinois, but those that are freely available are worth looking at. There are also eight library exercises designed to train the undergraduate medievalist in the scholarly tools which make the discipline possible.
This is a direct link to a PDF file titled 'Birmingham Bibliography: an annotated bibliography focusing on Birmingham's built environment, particularly since the late-nineteenth century'. At June 2008, the 12,000-word bibliography has been through many revisions and editors, and is now current to January 2008. This current edition is freely provided online by the Strategic Development Research Unit at Birmingham City University in the UK. The bibliography was first published in print form as a chapter in the book 'Carl Chinn's Birmingham: bibliography of a city' (University of Birmingham Press, 2003), but has since been updated and expanded. This will be a useful and comprehensive starting point for those aiming to study aspects of the architecture and urban history of Britain's second-city - one of the main cities that drove the Industrial Revolution.
The Blackader-Lauterman Library of Architecture and Art website is part of the McGill University Libraries, and exists to serve faculty and students in the Department of Art History and Communications, School of Architecture and School of Urban Planning. This, their website, includes details of the Library's services, online Library Pathfinders on a variety of subjects, a list of Library publications, as well as a resource listing of links to related websites. The site allows viewing of open access journals and provides abstracts of ebooks and digital collections and projects.
BMAGIC is Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery's Online Database. It offers a quick keyword search of a selection of collection objects and information exported from their internal records, and also an advanced search option which offers the ability to search by material, date, place and theme. You can use the website to bookmark found objects for future reference. There is a browseable text-based directory that uses the following headings: Antiquities; Applied Art; Coins and Medals; Ethnography; Fine Art; Social History; and Topographical Views. The BMAGIC project appears to be ongoing, and new records are being added. Unfortunately the titles of objects (such as 'Last of England' the title of perhaps the most famous painting in the BM&AG collection) are not indexed. However you can search for the artist name (e.g. Ford Madox Brown), and for themes. The entry page for each item shows a large thumbnail image, together with a short note about the subject matter, the date of purchase, and a link to a short biography of the artist. A larger version of the image is available.
The 'Bodleian Library Broadside Ballads' website provides information on, and a database of digitised images of, ballads in the Bodleian Library. The collection consists of over 30,000 ballads from the 16th to the 20th century. Broadside ballads (popular songs) are an important source of information on popular, social, political, and religious culture, often as an alternative to more formal primary sources. The ballad broadsheets are also an excellent source of illustrations and as such inform the study of popular art. There is an integrated catalogue online and the ballads which are accompanied by notation have a sound file provided. Images (mainly woodcuts) can be searched using ICONCLASS. The documents can be searched by type, date, subject, and other fields; the images are large and of excellent quality. There is a strict access and usage agreement that must be agreed to before entering the site. This resource is likely to be of use to those with an interest in history, music, or English. The site has been updated last in 2005 thus some of the links are broken.
The website "Bolton Museum and Archive Service" was developed to create broader public access to the collections of the institutions named based in Bolton, Greater Manchester. In addition to these institutions, the Smithills Hall and the Hall i' th' Wood , two historic houses in Bolton, as well as the Aquarium are also represented here. Through the digitisation of the material and dissemination via the Internet these foci of local culture and history provide information of use to the local population, including schools, visitors and researchers. The site boasts a separate section on educational facilities with details of events for schools. Collections and exhibitions are featured on the site. The Archives subsite detailes the holdings of Bolton Archives in an archive index, introduces resources related to family history research and necessary information for interested visitors. Walt Whitman's relationship to Bolton and the Whitman fellowship are presented on the site; writer Bill Naughton has his own section because he grew up in Bolton.
The website "The British Empire", created by an enthusiast teacher, is devoted to the history of the British Empire, and offers a range of material dealing with Britain's colonial past. The site is split into several sections, and covers various aspects of the British Empire, from the armed forces to art, culture and science. Also available are maps, useful timelines, which record Britain's activities alongside world events and developments in the arts and sciences, articles, biographies and a bibliography. At present the site is particularly strong on the cultural impact of the existence of the British Empire, as Professor John MacKenzie has contributed a lot of material on this subject. The site does not actually focus on the history of any individual countries, and there is little attention paid to decolonisation and the end of empire. Instead the focus is much more on the structures of empire, like the armed forces, and the experience of individuals.
The website 'The British Library Online Gallery: Illuminated Manuscripts' is an online exhibition of the BL, containing over 3000 images taken from the library's collection of illuminated manuscripts. The site is introduced by the curator, and contains images chosen from manuscripts dating from the 8th to the 15th centuries, including: annals; medical treatises; hagiographies; psalters; bestiaries; chronicles; and religious works. Celebrated manuscripts such as the Lindisfarne Gospels and the Sherborne Missal are represented, as would be expected, but perhaps more interesting are the images from the less showy manuscripts that constitute the greater part of the library's collection. The images chosen include: marginalia; heraldic art; illuminated and historiated initials and miniatures. This resource would be of use to all those interested in the cultural and intellectual history of the medieval period, as well as scholars and students of art history and manuscript studies. Users can browse the illuminated manuscripts collection by title and date or use the link to the catalogue. Once selected, the images are presented with a short description and can be viewed either as a large image or as smaller image in which users can zoom and pan (requires Flash).
The website "National Life Stories" (previously the National Life Story Collection) of the British Library provides information about and access to the NLSC, which was established in 1987 and which works within the Oral History Section of the British Library's National Sound Archive. Its key focus and expertise has been oral history fieldwork, collecting testimonies from "as wide a cross-section of present-day society as possible". Further information is available through the National Sound Archives online catalogue. Sections of the community interviewed include the following categories: city lives; architects; lives in steel; Fawcett Collection; an oral history of the Post Office; and book trade lives. Interviewees have included distinguished figures such as: Geoffrey Jellicoe; Eduardo Paolozzi; Betty Boothroyd; and Asa Briggs. There is also a project working on 'The Living Memory of the Jewish Community', which records the experiences of over 150 survivors of the Jewish Holocaust. Other projects listed on the site include: An Oral History of British Fashion, An Oral History of the Post Office, or Tesco: an Oral History. The interviews themselves can be found following the link from the page to Archival Sound Recording site of the British Libraryand should be available for students and staff of any university in UK.
This website brings together material at the British Museum of interest to researchers. Of particular note are the details of individual research projects, which include a vast range of subjects in the fields of archaeology, art history, anthropology, world cultures and museology. Additionally, the website makes available a limited number of fulltext research publications as well as bibliographic details of all the museums publications, including the fulltext online journal British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan. The pages also include a link to the Museum’s online collections database of its two dimensional pictorial art holdings, and details of the Museum's own archives and Paul Hamlyn reference library.
British Photographic History is a substantial social networking and news website, devoted to the history of British photography and photographers. Launched in early 2009, at September 2009 the network has 270 members. The network appears to be very active, even at a time of widespread neglect of the study of photographic history in British universities. The website has blogs, a discussion forum, a full list of members (most with photos), and a useful Events page listing exhibitions and conferences. The British Photographic History network and website is a welcome development for historians researching and publishing on this topic.
This is the homepage of the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (BSECS). The site gives an overview of this academic professional association, including its constitution and contacts for board members and how to join. It offers information on BSECS conferences, with calls for papers which notably focus on work by postgraduates. Online conference papers are posted in full on the website, along with a forum for public comment, although user registration is required. The site additionally lists relevant external conferences as well as their programmes, and provides links to journals, other professional associations and resources that relate to scholarly study of the 18th century.
This Web page describes an AHRC-funded research project recording and analysing large-scale pre-Ordnance Survey maps of British urban settlements. The project is working to locate, catalogue and describe all extant town maps and analyse the resulting database to write the first book length narrative history of town mapping.
This website documents the extensive Brunel collections held at the University of Bristol. Covering three generations of the famous civil engineers, the focus is naturally on Isambard Kingdom Brunel, but these holdings are supplemented by papers relating to his father Marc and son Henry Marc. Holdings are listed at item level and range from correspondence through calculations, accounts and diaries to working drawings. Many IK Brunel’s major projects are well represented by material from the Clifton Suspension bridge to the experimental atmospheric railway. As well as outlining access arrangements, the website includes a brief history of the collection itself and a chronology of the lives of the Brunels.
The 'Burne-Jones resource site' is part of the Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery website, and it aims to offer a substantial resource website for the study of the Pre-Raphaelite artist Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones. The museum holds the world's largest collection of art by Burne-Jones. This website arises from the 'Hidden Burne-Jones' "three-year research project to catalogue the complete Burne-Jones collection of drawings, watercolours, prints, sketchbooks, paintings, designs, and applied art", which has so far resulted in a major exhibition. Complete digitisation of the Burne-Jones collection is expected "in 2009". At February 2008, this website contains a detailed and authoritative 'Chronology of Edward Burne-Jones', details of the context in which the collection is held, and a search form to search collection items "by title or accession number". This search facility already calls up significant resources. For instance, a search for 'Pygmalion' calls up seven preliminary sketches and four finished paintings. These are shown at a small-medium size (595 pixels on the longest side) and do not have obvious watermarks or close cropping. Image pages contain copious scholarly annotation. It appears that this Web resource appears online partly a result of the 'Pre-Raphaelite Resource Site' JISC-funded digitisation programme project at BM&AG.
The Canadian War Poster Collection represents some of the finest holdings in the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections of McGill University Library. It is available on the Internet by means of an internal effort to build a McGill virtual library and archive, generally entitled the Digital Collections Project. There are some 150 Canadian posters displayed online from the Great War and the Second World War. Navigation is good, with images available from a central menu with subjects ranging from recruiting to Victory Bond drives, among others. Each image can be viewed in thumbnail or larger formats, and has its original size, artist and printer listed. An explanatory essay describes the history of Canadian war poster development and production. An alphabetical artist index with links to each artist's posters is also helpful.The website is available either in English or French. Several posters are also provided in English and/or French versions, potentially revealing the range of national perception in the translation of apparently identical messages. Beyond its obvious contribution as a resource of primary historical material, the collection is most valuable for its implicit content, namely, its demonstration that the two World Wars served as the joint crucible for the problematic emergence of Canadian identity and nationalism.
This website provides an extensive online gallery of paintings in the collection of the Canadian War Museum, depicting scenes and portraits from the Canadian War Museum. The site includes an Introduction; Treasures, containing paintings of battles of the First World War and the Second World War and eye witness accounts; the Vimy Memorial; background information to the involvement of Canada in these wars, including chronologies and maps; information on the Battle of the Atlantic and Normandy Landings during the Second World War; and an Epilogue of late 20th Century Canadian war art. A large number of images are provided covering many different styles of painting. Each picture is accompanied by text explaining the subject, artist, and context. The background to the official Canadian Art Programmes for both wars is also discussed. The materials at the site may be reproduced for non-commercial use. Featured artists include: Fred Varley; Alfred Bastien; A.Y. Jackson; Arthur Lismer; Maurice Cullen; Richard Jack; Alfred Munnings; Alex Colville; Lawren P. Harris; and several others.The site includes a search engine and links to related activities and products, and a list of the artists involved in the exhibition.
The Web Site "Cartes d'Europe Euratlas Maps of Europe" is an excellent collection of maps of the continent of Europe from 1AD every century, i.e. 100, 200, 300 up until 2000. The site is in French and English and the site obviously requires the facility to view large images. What is possibly of more use is the excellent bibliography of maps, which may lead the reader to further valuable sources. There is also a brief section featuring antique maps from 1781- 1892, and another with images of time. The maps are available on CD-ROM, which can be purchased from the site. There is, moreover, a collection of over 1000 free-to-use photos of European towns and landscapes, arranged by country as well as a number of 'Oriental' and world maps and atlases. A highly usable and interesting website.
This website is intended to accompany the television series 'Castle' first broadcast on British Television in May and June 2003. The TV programme traces the development of Britain's castles from the time of William the Conqueror. The website includes a timeline and a section on early castles, but concentrates on nine castles in particular. These are: Rochester, Hedingham, Caerphilly, Caernarfon, Bodiam, Threave, Craigievar, Raglan, and Pontefract. Each castle is introduced in its original context, its architecture described and explained, and its history briefly related. 'Virtual Tours' of the castles may be taken online provided the user has the correct plug-ins; each tour opens in a new window. There is also a timeline of important events in each castle's history, visiting details, short bibliographies, and a list of Internet links relevant to each building. The site has been designed for the general public interested in finding more information after seeing the TV programmes. It would also be useful for school projects and as a general introduction to the history of British castle building at undergraduate level. A text only version of the site is available.
The website of the Ohio State University Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies (CMRS) provides information about: the centre; its programmes; its staff; and their research interests. The Center focuses on: art; music; literature; religion; history; philosophy; and government. It also publishes a twice-quarterly newsletter entitled Nouvelles Nouvelles (selected issues of which are available in full-text at this site) and has served as the headquarters for the New Chaucer Society. The Center houses the Hilandar Research Library and the resource Center for Medieval Slavic Studies. The site has a useful section of links to resources on various subjects including: Arthurian; numismatics; Byzantium; warfare; Vikings; conferences; history of art; and religion. A good resource for students of the medieval and Renaissance periods.
This is the homepage for the Centre for Eighteenth Century Studies (CECS), which was founded in 1996 at the University of York in the UK. The Centre promotes the study of the long eighteenth century from 1650 to 1850, and has over a score of staff members listed here from York's departments of Archaeology, English, History, History of Art and Philosophy. It has a few dozen affiliated postgraduate students whose names and projects are also listed; the CECS runs a Master's programme and presents several Master's and Doctoral-level courses. Past and present calls for papers and programmes for CECS international research seminars, postgraduate forums, international conferences (running back to 1998) and one-day symposia are posted online. Special projects described on the site will attract those who are considering applying to the Centre and those who have casual or research interests. Projects include: the Yorkshire County Houses Partnership Project; the Nations, Borders and Identities Project; and Empire and Landscape in the Long 18th Century. The Yorkshire County Houses Project exists through the combined efforts of the CECS and representatives of local country houses, including Burton Constable, Brodsworth Hall, English Heritage, Castle Howard, Harewood House, Lotherton Hall, Nostell Priory and Temple Newsam. The Nations, Borders and Identities project deals with the 'Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars in European Experience 1792 – 1815,' as well as an affiliated research group based in Germany. Finally, the subpages on Empire and Landscape in the Long 18th Century outline describe a number of past workshops in depth. Instructions for application to the Centre are provided.
The Centre for Medieval Studies at the University of York website is the online home of one of the UK's largest interdisciplinary centres for research into the medieval period. The website introduces the centre and its courses, as well as providing information about the various medieval research projects hosted at the University. There is also: an online directory of staff and students at the Centre; a diary of forthcoming lectures and events; and links to other relevant websites. This site would be of use to students studying or contemplating the study of the medieval period.
CGFA - A Virtual Art Museum is an extensive database containing digital images of paintings, drawings, etchings, watercolours and many other works of art by artists from a broad period of about seven hundred years (ca. 1200-1900). It is a well-organized and well-maintained website which provides easy access by way of indexes (both alphabetical and chronological) to hundreds of works of art. There are brief biographies given for many of the artists, as well as important information about each of their works that appear in the website, such as the medium and measurements, the date of the piece, the collection the work belongs to, and background information such as the influences, and reception of the work. This website would be useful to fine arts students, history students, and even English students due to the connections which often appear between art and literature.
This website provides detailed information about Chartres Cathedral, one of the most notable examples of French Gothic architecture. The website is run by a charitable organisation, Chartres, sanctuaire de Monde, which aims to raise money to support the Cathedral. Sections of the site are devoted to the construction of the cathedral, the major programme of rebuilding undertaken in the 12th century and subsequent alterations to the fabric. Other areas of interest include sections on the iconographic significance of the important collection of stained glass and sculptures, and an account of the development of Chartres as a centre for pilgrimage in the medieval period. Although there is an English language version of the website, much of the more useful content is only available in French.
The website "Chester : A Virtual Stroll Around the Walls" is an excellent and relatively informative site which provides photographs of Chester's famed historic city walls. Dating partially from the Roman era, the walls were added to through the ages and form a complete circuit around the centre of Chester, a must on any tourist's itinerary. Chester was one of the few original Roman camps, and was known as Deva. The site provides varied information on Chester from Roman times, the history of the city, its architecture and topography. There is information here of interest to both the casual tourist and inhabitant of Chester alike. Facts about Chester's long history are presented in a lively and interesting way. The site provides reminiscences and updates about other buildings of historic importance in Chester, as well as a gallery of images of Chester, old Chester and of the famous Mystery Plays. The paintings of Chester by Louiss Rayner together with a biography of the artist can be seen on the site.
The website of Chester Cathedral provides information on one of the UK's most beautiful cathedrals, set in the historic town of Chester. The website uses frames and presents a brief history of the cathedral, which is the third church on the site to date. A Saxon Minster housed the remains of St Werburgh (Werburga) from 907, and between 1092 and 1540 the Benedictine Abbey of St Werburgh saw Norman and Gothic additions and alterations. The Dissolution of the Monasteries (1540) during the reign of Henry VIII saw the cathedral cease to exist, but a year later Henry refounded it as the Cathedral Church of Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary. There is plenty of information here for the tourist, but the site also gives details of a strong educational programme that has been developed at the cathedral, aimed at all levels. There is a list of hand out materials that can be used for KS1, KS2, GCSE modules, and for GNVW Leisure and Tourism modules. A dedicated education officer has been appointed to deal with these issues.
'Children's Art from the Spanish Civil War' is an online exhibition designed by the Archives of Ontario. It commemorates the experiences of Spanish children from the outbreak of the Civil War in 1936. The site provides a brief historical essay, illustrated with archival photographs, on the 700,000 children who were evacuated to safer areas to escape the conflict. The young evacuees' new residences, caretakers and teachers were funded by money raised abroad. In this case, the archival sources stem from Canadian-funded projects. The display of children's drawings completed in these safehouses reveals the traumatic impact of their exposure to the war, and their reaction to their peaceful immediate surroundings. This jarring contrast emphasises the brutality of the Civil War as "a precursor to a conflict that was shortly to engulf Europe and the rest of the World." The site explains that materials for the exhibit are held in the fonds related to Alexander Albert MacLeod (1902 -1970), an Ontario "steelworker, soldier, politician and human rights advocate" who founded the Canadian Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy during the Spanish Civil War. In September 1936, "he led the Canadian delegation at the Collective Security Congress in Brussels." Together, this exhibition and collection will serve to illustrate the connections between Canadian, Spanish and European History for researchers, teachers and members of the public.
Christian Iconography is a website from Augusta State University, which is designed as a beginner's introduction to identifying Christian images in medieval and Renaissance art. The site can be searched using a Google custom search, or browsed by saint's name. Each section gives a description of the saint in question and the attributes and stories associated with them in art. Links to related images and texts are included in each section. The site also provides a bibliography and links to related sites. This site would be of use to students of art history, as well as medieval and Renaissance studies.
Christian Nold is an artist who uses mapping technologies to creatively engage urban communities. His website contains a detailed account of his work, and information about over 20 projects. These include the well-known Greenwich Emotion Map in London, now just part of Nord's larger Bio Mapping project. The website has over 100 PDF files, each containing a scan of press coverage for the various projects undertaken by Nold. The front page also has a weblog-like sidebar that details Nold's latest activities. Nold is one of the leading British practitioners in creative neogeography and walking art.
This is the website of the Church Monuments Society that encourages the appreciation, study and conservation of church monuments both in the UK and abroad. The website provides an introduction to the society, its meetings, lectures, symposia and excursions. There are also details on how to join the society, and an updated noticeboard. The publications section of the noticeboard provides a useful list of recent publications with short descriptive reviews. The notes and queries section may also be useful for academics or researchers and provides short articles online. The "links" section provides a list of websites for magazines, journals and other publications, societies and other organisations and sites that hold monument records. The journal link provides a list of articles (and short abstracts from 2001 onwards) published in the annual journal of the society "Church Monuments". Article titles from 1985-2008 are currently available but full-texts are not.
Lambeth Palace Library, in conjunction with the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, is digitising all the plans in the archive of the Incorporated Church Building Society (ICBS) to be presented here in 'Church Plans On-line'. Lambeth Palace Library is the principal library and record office for the history of the Church of England, (and the province of the Church in Wales). Some 11,800 plans and drawings are available from the ICBS archive covering the period 1818-1982, and includes plans and records of "where a church has been restored, converted or demolished" from the whole of England and Wales. Funded by the New Opportunities Fund and undertaken by Lambeth Palace Library working in partnership with University of Newcastle, Structural Images of the North-East (SINE), this archive is a record of the most significant period in church building since the middle ages and the single largest source for plans of new and existing churches in the country. Online, there is access to the catalogue, with digital images of all plans and drawings in the archive. The database provides a guide to the ICBS files and minute books. It records the church applying for a grant, the parish where it is not a parochial church, the county and diocese in which it was located, the reasons for applying for a grant, the covering dates of the papers, the numbers of plans or photographs, the names of architects or other professionals involved in the building project, and references to the minute books. In advanced searching all of these features are access points into the database. There is a 'Simple Search' facility by which you can interrogate the database of ICBS files by selecting one by place, area, people or firms, and/or by the date. There is a facility to zoom-in to view details of plans.
The Ecclesiological Society website provides information on the Society, which is devoted to the study and celebration of the: arts; architecture; and liturgy of the Christian Church. The Ecclesiological Society, founded in the 19th century, takes an interest in many different aspects of the structure and upkeep of church buildings, and provides images of the month and short essays by members on topics such as: 'Late medieval dooms and the mouth of hell' and 'Post-Reformation communion arrangements'. There is also a section of links to related websites, although these are in need of updating as some were broken at the time of writing. The Society runs conferences and events, which are also advertised on the website, as well as publishing its own journal, 'Ecclesiology Today', which can be downloaded from the site (free to members). The site is relatively old-fashioned in design, but is informative and would be of use to those interested in church architecture, as well as interested readers. Details on how to join are also provided.
If you are interested in the visual history of Victorian London, the website "City of Shadows" contains numerous photographs, from macabre cemeteries to buildings to people. The creator of the site is a dealer in rare books and drew material from her own collection of books from 19th century England. The site contains a large amount of information on many aspects of the Victorian metropolis. There are primary resources such as Dickens' account of London fog, maps, and letters. As the title of the page suggests, a good deal of the subject matter is dedicated to the mystery and underworld of London. There are links to Jack the Ripper sites, Charles Booth's studies on Poverty in London, an e-text version of Harold Thomas' book, "London's Underworld", as well as photographs of Highgate and Kensal Green Cemeteries with lists of those buried there. The Victorian treatment of death as a social phenomenon is a very important study due to the great increase in urban deaths during the Victorian period, and there are, therefore essays on funeral rituals, cemetery symbolism, and memento mori. The site also contains information on social issues, such as prohibition and drug abuse, women's issues, fashion, travel, money, and many other less ghostly topics.
This is the English-language version of the Collection of Paper Theatres website, a scholarly archival website devoted to paper and toy theatres and their history. The website is published by a collector in Spain, and it is particularly strong on the history of the art form in continental Europe. The body of the website is a very well illustrated and extensive set of national histories. The website also contains a useful list of famous 20th century artists and writers who maintained a strong interest in toy theatres into their adulthood, although oddly this list omits both Lorca and Joseph Cornell. The website will be of strong interest to historians of children's theatre, to art historians interested in the influence of toy theatre on well-known artists, and also to contemporary artists and book-artists interested in the form. The collection on which the website is based has been shown several times since 2007, in various European museums.
COLLAGE (the City of London Library and Art Gallery Electronic) is an online image database created by the City of London and iBase Image Systems. The database currently contains approximately 20,000 images from the Guildhall Library and Guildhall Art Gallery in London. The collection is devoted primarily to London topography and London life from the 15th Century to the present day. All parts of London (not just the City) are covered, as are the adjoining counties. Each image is accompanied by a description of the picture and details of, for example, the artist, size of the picture, date, publisher, medium, etc., as appropriate. The database can be searched or browsed by artists, places or people, or by categories such as abstract ideas, history, politics, or the natural world. A series of online exhibitions are also available, as well as sections bringing together some selected highlights of the collections.
Colour Prints by George Baxter (1804-1867) is an online exhibition displaying archival collections held at the E. J. Pratt library, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Baxter was an English lithographer and engraver who "developed a process to produce colour prints from blocks and plates using oil-based inks. His aim was to provide good, inexpensive prints for popular sale, and to imitate oil painting. He was the first printer successfully to use oil-based inks, and was among the first to make colour prints available to ordinary people." These images helped to set the tone for the period: compare, for example, the similar styles of The Carrier Pigeon and The Holy Family. A number of fine samples are available for users to view online. Images are arranged according to the following categories: Early Prints; Missionary Prints; Needle-box Prints; Portraits; the Coronation; and Exteriors and Landscapes. They are accompanied by helpful historical and cultural commentary. Further information -- including lists of all print titles held in the Library, Baxter's biography and a full account of his work, and other samples of his pieces -- is available on a subpage of the E. J. Pratt Library Special Collections page, which is also devoted to Baxter. Researchers in British Art History for the Victorian period should find the site of special interest.
The website 'Comic Art at Princeton University' is an online exhibition that ooks at the Princeton University Library Cartoon Collection. It is divided into sections on political cartoons, caricature, comic strips, animation, and magazine gag cartoons, with special sections for the cartoonists Henry Martin (a cartoonist for the New Yorker who also curated this exhibition), William Hogarth, George Cruikshank, Thomas Rowlandson, James Gillray and Thomas Nast. Enlargeable images are provided as examples for each section, with textual information. The website has an introduction to the online collection and more general information about comic artwork held by Princeton University.
This website contains a near-complete list of lost English country houses. There are over 1,770 records freely available, at April 2010. The well-designed and presented website is a personal project by Matthew Beckett. It appears to be regularly maintained. Records are detailed, rigorous, and can be sorted by county. There is also a list of extant houses that are deemed to be at risk. There is a useful listing of sources used. There is also a useful weblog, The Country Seat. This will be a useful reference source for a variety of scholars, historians, and conservationists.
Launched in March 2009 at Tate Modern in London, 'Computer Baroque' is an online archival collection of exemplary and innovative short films, all made using computer animation between 1982 and 1995. 15 short films from this period are freely available to view on the website, and are presented using Flash video. Films are accompanied by substantial curatorial notes by curator Richard Wright. The collection aims to represent a period... "in which computer animation was the focus for audacious and exuberant experiments across all areas of new media, art and technology". A short essay on the exhibition, 'Computer Baroque: Computer animation 1982–1995 by Richard Wright', can be found in the right-hand sidebar or by clicking Writings / Essays on the sidebar of the Animate Projects website. This website is an interesting and stimulating insight into the early years of the creative use of computer animation.
A Concrete Curtain: The Life and Death of the Berlin Wall is a website created by the Caen Memorial and the Deutsches Historisches Museum of Berlin for the 10th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. The site can be viewed in English, French or German, and provides a good introduction to the circumstances surrounding the wall and its 28-year history. In six chapters illustrated by photographs and maps, the site covers the history of Berlin during the Cold War, including the immediate post-war period, the Berlin Blockade, the 1958 crisis, the erection of the wall in 1961, the fall of the Iron Curtain with perestroika and glasnost, and the dismantling of the wall in 1989 and the reunification of East and West Germany. Also on the site is a gallery of artwork and murals painted on the Berlin Wall, a timeline of events and a bibliography of further reading.
This website describes the AHRC funded project ‘Conversing with Other Nations’ which aims to explore the development of the arboretum as a cultural phenomenon and site of cultural and sociological change. The website briefly outlines the development of tree collecting and explores its cultural significance, as well as discussing the impact it had on landscape architecture and the development of public and private gardens in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Also included are details of a related international conference, held in 2006.
The Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture (CASSS) aims to detailed, authoritative survey of English pre-Conquest sculpture. The website is currently limited in its functionality, although there is still a link to the previous website, which has more information available. On the old website, currently there is a list of publications and information about the project and staff. CASSS is in the process of producing regional catalogues of carved stones, with full bibliographic references and scaled photographs. The catalogues are of interest to historians, archaeologists, art historians, place-name specialists and local historians. On the old website, the project is in the process of producing regional catalogues of carved stones, with full bibliographic references and scaled photographs. The catalogues are of interest to historians, archaeologists, art historians, place-name specialists and local historians. Photographs can be provided, the project welcomes comments from the public, and it is possible to register to receive further information about publications.The website provides information on the project, Corpus publications for individual counties, the digital grammar of Anglo-Saxon ornament, links to related websites, and a link to the CASSS database. There is a list of regional volumes already published, those in preparation and forthcoming publications. The digital grammar of Anglo-Saxon ornament includes sections on: classification of forms and shapes of monuments; dating methods; epigraphy; techniques of carving; classification of ornament; and a bibliography. The CASSS database features information from Volume IV (South-East England), as a sample of what will become available in the future. The images of sculptures appear with information about the website, location, discussion, dates, description, measurements and evidence for discovery. The project has received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Resource Enhancement scheme.
The Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi (CVMA) collection is hosted by the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS), and this Web page provides introductory information and access to the searchable collection through the VADS interface or the CVMA's own website. The CVMA was founded in 1949 and has committees in twelve countries. In Britain it is a British Academy Research Project whose activities include the creation of this picture archive. The image collection contains over 18,000 images, most provided by the National Monuments Record, with others from sources such as the Centre for Medieval Studies, York, and several private collections.
This website, which is published by the Centre for Whistler Studies at the University of Glasgow, makes available an online edition of the correspondence of the artist James McNeill Whistler. This includes around ten thousand letters covering the period 1855 to 1903. It also contains the correspondence of Anna McNeill Whistler, Whistler's mother, from 1855 to 1880. The edition covers Whistler's life from his move to Paris in 1855 onwards, and includes letters to and from figures including: Walter Sickert; Mallarmé; John Singer Sargent; Manet; and Monet. The letters provide a fascinating insight into the nineteenth-century art world and into Whistler's life and work. They also include material on Whistler's famous disagreement with John Ruskin. The website provides information on the project in general and on the process of transcription and editing. All transcripts reproduce the text as written. Users can search or browse the correspondence using the following categories: people; letters by date; subjects; works of art; exhibitions; institutions; places; freetext; and record number. Results are displayed in list format, giving details of dates and correspondents, and each list entry includes links to full bibliographic information as well as a link to the full letter text. If the list refers to a search for a person, results will include information on whether the person concerned is a correspondent or is merely mentioned in a letter. The full letter text appears in a pop-up window. Transcripts are presented complete with hyperlinked footnotes that include links to brief biographies of key figures, and to a catalogue of Whistler's paintings. The correspondence is in English and French. The online edition of Whistler's correspondence is an impressive achievement, and its availability on the Web will be a boon to art historians and scholars of nineteenth century cultural history more generally. The website is easy to use, and is a most valuable resource.
The Costume Gallery is an online resource that provides access to a range of information about dress and fashion throughout history. Published by an enthusiast, much of the site provides information about commercial services, such as costume designers, consultants, suppliers, and photograph analysis. The Costume Gallery's Online Research Library provides online access to photographs, articles, and patterns, useful for those researching the history of costume and fashion. The library is divided into four sections, A Year in Fashion: Fashion Articles, Portfolio of Costumes, Research by Topic, and Research by Time - Photo Collections, all of which can be browsed. Some of the material in the library can only be accessed if users hold a subscription, and there is information on the site on how to subscribe. Amongst the sources available are digitised nineteenth and twentieth century fashion magazine articles and fashion plates, a reference manual, and a handbook of German fashion.
'The Creation of Color in Eighteenth-Century Europe' is a scholarly historical monograph and online exhibition, hosted by Gutenberg-e and Columbia University Press. The focus of this cross-disciplinary book is on England and France, and includes Germany and the Netherlands as well, and it examines both the scientific, philosophical, and cultural aspects of the history of the development of colours in those nations. The website is illustrated, and PDF print-ready versions of each section are available. There is an index of all media included in the website. In addition to the free access/open access version, the book is available through the Humanities E-Book series of the ACLS (US).
The website 'Crystal Palace' focuses on three men who were largely responsible for the Great Exhibition of 1851 in the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park: Henry Cole, Joseph Paxton, and Prince Albert. The site was designed by the McGill University School of Architecture Minimum Cost Housing Group. Henry Cole was a poly-dexterous man, with varying interests in the arts. There are images of Messrs Minton tea seats he designed. In 1847 he was elected as president of the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufacturers, and Commerce. With the support of Prince Albert, the Royal Society developed the idea of a World's Fair, and when Joseph Paxton submitted his design for the exhibition centre, the three choreographed one of the largest events that occurred in London during the Victorian period. This website outlines the development of the fair, and provides complementary images of sketches of 'Paxton's Palace', commentaries by "Punch", and plans and photos of proposed Industrial class housing for those that manufactured the goods displayed in the Great Exhibition.
'Cultural industries: the British experience in international perspective' is a free ebook that contains the full-text proceedings of a 2006 conference of the same name held at the Centre for British Studies, Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin. This 233-page 75,000-word book is available online in standard PDF format. The book contains chapters on: "The Creative Industries: Definitions, Quantification and Practice"; "Methodology and Ideology in the Evaluation of Cultural Investments"; "The Question of Quality in a Comparison of British and German Theatre"; "The Creative Industries and Cultural Politics in Britain from the 1960s to Cool Britannia"; and "From Gentlemanly Publishing to Conglomerates: The Contemporary Literary Field in the UK", among others. There is no index. There is a list of contributors at the end of the book, including email contact addresses.
The website 'Czech and Slovak staged photography' is a substantial online exhibition that provides a useful overview of the subject of dissident staged photography under communism, when "Czech and Slovak artists were escapists and surrealists - dreaming themselves into other realities and making photographic documents of them. Some of them say they are making pataphysical theatre - theatre of the absurd performed for the camera." The website offers a short preface by Anne Arden McDonald, and online galleries of pictures by 12 photographers. The site is archived.
Dartmouth Writing Program: Materials for Faculty is an online collection of humanities teaching resources prepared at Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire. With its emphasis on critical thinking, argument and analysis, this study aid and teaching tool will serve as a valuable resource for instructors of introductory undergraduate courses in History and Philosophy. There are foci on Pedagogies and Methods here under the following headings: Teaching the writing process; Teaching argument; Teaching critical thinking; Teaching modes of discourse; Teaching writing through literature; Teaching grammar and style; Creating writing assignments; Using peer groups; Responding to student text; and Managing the 'personal' in student writing. Each subpage opens to an extended discussion of possible teaching approaches and gives sample methods from different courses. Also posted are class assignments, relevant links and course syllabi excerpts to support specific instruction in English Literature, Spanish, and Art History.
This website is devoted to the work of Domenico Ghirlandaio in decorating the Sassetti Chapel. Francesco Sassetti, a wealthy banker, had acquired the rights of patronage to a small side chapel, the second to the right of the choir in the Florentine church of Santa Trinità. Ghirlandaio was commissioned to paint the chapel, which he decorated with frescoes with scenes from the life of St Francis of Assisi between 1482 and 1485. The website contains digital photographs of the paintings in the chapel, with information about each painting. There is also a postcard service, which allows you to send by email a postcard of a selected painting, with your own message. A summary of the works of Ghirlandaio provides links to reproductions and descriptions of other paintings. A navigation line also gives access, by a simple index, an index of artists, or a search facility, to many other photographs from the Web Gallery of Art.
The web site "Department of Slavonic Studies: international Polish resources" is the work of Dr John Bates of the University of Glasgow. It is a collection of links to relevant Web Sites for those studying Polish Studies at undergraduate level. There is also a good range of articles authored by John Bates, a former Russianist, who now specialises in Polish. Topics treated in the articles include: Polish censorship; artistic movements in the Polish lands (1750-1918); Polish history; and teaching materials on key Renaissance thinker Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski. The censorship essays trace Polish censorship from the fifteenth century to the works of Krzysztof Kieslowski. The site also provides links to Polish resources, such as the news services of Donosy (in both Polish and English), Gazeta Wyborcza, and Rzeczpospolita. The site is generally a good introduction for undergraduates, but could be improved by consistent use of diacritics, and a little less partisan commentary in some areas.
This web page contains information about the Design Council slide collection, which was transferred to the Department of History of Art and Design at Manchester Metropolitan University from the Design Centre in London in 1995. The collection, consisting of more than 22,000 images, covers most areas of design, including furniture, lighting, textiles and domestic appliances. The website consists of information about the collection and the digitisation project, which was funded by the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP). A link is provided to the slide collection's Web page on the MMU website. The collection is accessed via VADS' powerful interface (with advanced search, browse and lightbox functions).
The Design Council Slide Collection Cataloguing and Digitisation Project has been engaged in the process of digitising the images from that collection for educational purposes. The collection consists of some 22,500 images, mostly British and of consumer products, architecture, interior design, town planning, and graphic design, taken between 1945 and 1990. There are also many images illustrating design from other countries and from earlier periods. Furthermore, the collection contains a large number of original and unique images that record directly many of the Council's own activities, including its annual design award scheme introduced in 1957, and the various exhibitions and other events that it organised or contributed to in the UK and abroad. Copies of the slides may be ordered (for a fee) from the online catalogue at this site. The digitised versions of the slides are being deposited with the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS), and are available from their website (which requires registration). The project is intended to assist those tracing the history of various kinds of designed artefacts and the emergence of new product types and materials, particularly within the post-war British context. The project received funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP) and from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
This database hosted by VADS consists of around 800 digital images taken from the seven Web-based E-Learning modules, which were produced by authors commissioned by the Design Council Archive. One of these modules, The Student Response Bank involved students creating digital artworks in response to the collection. The visual source material derives from the University of Brighton Faculty of Arts and Architecture's expanding Design History Research Centre (DHRC) Archives as well as incorporating associated collections such as The Arts Institute in Bournemouth. The project was funded as part of the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) distributed national electronic resource for learning, teaching and research (DNER).
Designing Britain 1945-1975 is the home page of a project that was created as part of the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) distributed national electronic resource for learning, teaching and research (DNER) by the Design History Research Centre at the University of Brighton. The project ran between March 2001 and August 2002 and comprised seven online eLearning modules, each of which contain an introductory text and around 100 visual records, with supplementary information. Images are taken from the Design History Research Centre (DHRC) Archives and associated collections. The seven modules have been made available on the website of the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS) and fall under the following headings: exhibiting Britain; the new jewellery; from problem solving to selling product; the student response bank; art for social spaces; oral testimony and the interpretation of the crafts; and fabrics forming society.
The website 'Devices of Wonder: From the World in a Box to Images on the Screen' is an online activity-packed presentation created to accompany an exhibition at the J. Paul Getty Museum from 2001-2002. The exhibition is designed to help the user understand how antique toys, games, films, musical instruments, puppets, and other artefacts were used and enjoyed without touching the real thing. The interface (available as Flash or in HTML) allows for direct interaction without too many words or instructions. Each artefact is accompanied by a detailed caption, printable version available, as well as animation or Real One Player videos. All resources have different versions available for the user to choose in relation to their level of bandwidth to access the Internet. The website received an honourable mention in the MUSE Award 2002 for Art from the Media and Technology Standing Professional Committee of the American Association of Museums (AAM).
The website of "The DiCamillo Companion to British and Irish Country Houses" is a project which aims, in its database, "to list every country house ever built in Britain and Ireland, standing or demolished". The author, Curt DiCamillo, is a member of the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain, although his company is registered in the US. The database can be searched by location, country, and country house name. The site is rather good and of interest to those who need to contextualise their history within an architectural setting or who are carrying out research on country houses. The illustrations are excellent and a slide show highlights the best of the houses. This may take up to two minutes to download. The section on houses in danger merely states the obvious and does not list any of the houses. The link to Burke's Peerage and Gentry database is rather useful. The site also provides links to societies involved in the preservation of country houses and institutions offering courses and masters degrees in the study of country houses. The site features a pronunciation guide together with a rather tacky gimmick in the guise of a fictional Lord Worcestercleucch.
Including more than 2,000 entries, the dictionary's purpose is to "give researchers a beginning point to learning the background of major art historians of western art history". To this end, each record provides the dates and places of their birth and death, a summary of their life and work, list of biographical works, and bibliography of their own work. Entries vary considerably in size: some include little more than a name (these are awaiting further research); others run into hundreds of words. The names of art historians are drawn from standard historiographical texts, with some additions to address gender bias and cover other neglected groups. An 'Explanation & History' section provides a background to the project and lists the sources used. Parts of that page are also available in German, French and Dutch, although the dictionary itself is only available in English. Users can search for a name, view recent additions, or call up a full alphabetical listing of all entries.
'Different Visions: A Journal of New Perspectives on Medieval Art' is an open access ejournal that has arisen from the International Congress on Medieval Studies. The journal is aimed at scholars interested in... "the intersection of critical theory and medieval visual culture". As of October 2008 the first issue is online, offering twelve papers from the 41st Congress, which includes among others the paper 'Was It Good for You Too? Medieval Erotic Art and Its Audiences'. The second issue of the journal is intended to... "present selected papers from ICMA-sponsored sessions on Monstrosity at the 2008 International Medieval Congress, Leeds". The website has details of the editorial board, the submissions process, and selected Web links to external websites.
This site offers various views of several prominent High-Victorian Gothic buildings in England: All Saint's Margaret Street, Albert Memorial, St. Pancras Station in London, Keble College and Natural History Museum in Oxford. Although these are fine examples, there are many others. The site would be useful for a specific search on these buildings, not necessarily for a comprehensive view of Gothic architecture. If site visitors are interested in A.W.N. Pugin or John Ruskin's writings on Gothic architecture, this site could be useful as visual aid. Due to the often awkward location of some of the buildings, the photos are taken at strange angles, and in unflattering light which do not do justice to the buildings. Links to Art on the Web, American Architecture, and Boston College's Arts Department home page are given, as is a link to images of High Victorian Gothic style in America for comparison. This is a subsite of a larger site, A Digital Archive of Architecture, which offers learning materials for undergraduates in this field, prepared by Professor Jeffery Howe of Boston College.
The Digital Atlas of England Project aims to satisfy the need for publicly available information on the UK's churches in an easily accessible form through the creation of a permanent digital image bank of architecturally and historically interesting sites in England. The Atlas only records those buildings recorded in Nikolaus Pevsner's Buildings of England series built prior to 1900 and as a result does not cover those in most large towns and cities. The project director is focusing on Anglican parish churches, and their structure and contents (including Royal Arms, pews, stained glass, pulpits and of course tombs). This site displays sample images, although it appears that the aim is to produce a range of CD-ROMs containing the images, and featuring the Panorama programme which is used by the project. Details for the purchase of the CD-ROMs are given, though at the time of writing this they were out of print. The good quality sample images indicate the standard of this project. The Atlas website provides information about the project, including a record of the number of photographs created. The website also contains a record open and locked churches in England, an interesting photographer's blog with contributions from the photographers for the project, and an invitation to join an email discussion list of the site. Free registration is required in order to access the full content of the View Buildings section of the site.
The Digital Scriptorium website is the home of a union catalogue of manuscripts held in a variey of institutions within the United States. Each manuscript catalogue record includes links to sample images (occasionally folio images of the entire codex). The database can be searched by terms relating to manuscripts, parts and texts. A typical catalogue record includes: location; shelfmark; binding; and provenance; together with part information about: geographic origin; script; scribes; layout; and date. Records also include information about the text within the part including: number of folios; author; title; explicit; language; and available images.The database currently holds around 23,000 images drawn from holdings at: the Berkeley and Columbia-affiliated libraries; Union Theological Seminary (New York); and the De Bellis Collection (California). Other partners include: the Huntington Library in southern California; the Ransom Center at the University of Texas, Austin; and the New York Public Library.The Digital Scriptorium project also makes available information about: the creation of the database; the digitization of manuscripts; XML/SGML tools for transcription; and details of partners and contributors. The Project has received funding from the Mellon Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities and is hosted by Columbia University Libraries. This site would be of use to: medieval scholars; art historians and palaeographers among others.
This website is part of the Doncaster Community website, and provides a detailed history of one of Doncaster's most important civic buildings, the Mansion House. The Mansion House is currently used by local government, and was originally built in the eighteenth century as 'Assembly Rooms', for the purpose of public entertainment. This site contains a good range of information about the Mansion House; which is one of only four surviving civic Mansion Houses in England. The site is structured in the form of a tour of the rooms in the house, with current photographs of the rooms and a brief history of each room and the furnishings in it. Also available is information about the origins of the house, the architect James Paine who designed it and contact details for those wishing to visit the house.
The Dr Seuss Goes to War website provides access to political cartoons drawn by Theodor Seuss Geisel (Dr. Seuss, the children's book author and illustrator) for the New York publication 'PM' between 1941 and 1943. Dr Seuss drew over 400 editorial cartoons for 'PM' where he was the chief editorial cartoonist (1940-1948). The Mandeville Special Library at the University of California in San Diego holds copies of these cartoons, either the original drawings or newspaper clippings. The cartoons on the website have been scanned from newspaper clippings. The cartoons can be browsed chronologically (1941, 1942, 1943) or subject area (people; countries/regions; war/domestic issues; battles and battlefields). An introduction to the website has been written historian Richard H. Minear of University of Massachusetts Amherst, who has published a book of the same title (Publisher: The New Press, 1999).
The 'Dramatis Personae Archive: a history of 17th and 18th century performing arts' is a free web resource for the study of the performing arts in early-modern Europe. It is freely available online through the efforts of the Rare Books Division of Marriott Library at University of Utah. It is described as an "unique archive of web-based resources that showcases rare books in their historical context". The main section is titled 'Theater and Dance' and contains scholarly introductions, commentaries on books, and six full-text books in PDF form. These six rare books are: 'La Vie de Scaramouche' by Angelo Costantini; 'The Oeuvres de Monsieur de Bensserade' by Isaac de Benserade; 'An Essay Towards an History of Dancing' by John Weaver ("generally regarded as the first history of European dance written in English"); 'Histoire generale de la danse sacree et profane and La Danse ancienne et moderne ou traite historique de la danse'; and 'Lettres et Entretiens sur la danse' by Auguste Alexis Floreal Baron. There are also details about the Rare Books Collection at Marriott Library and a chronology covering 1600 - 1850.
This website, Druckgraphische Buchillustrationen des 15. Jahrhundert (Printed Book Illustrations of the 15th century), is one of several online resources prepared by the Münchener Digitalisierungszentrum (MDZ) at the Bavarian State Library. The site presents scanned illustrations from some 76 incunabula from German-speaking countries, thereby preserving and making available documents from the period when printing was invented. The illustrations reflect the technological and cultural advances of the time and are influenced by the late Gothic art style; most images are black and white woodcuts, some with later colouring. There are information sheets on each incunabulum, with publishing and bibliographical information and short abstracts on each source. Users can browse the site to see the individual scanned pages within each source, bringing up a wealth of images that will be helpful for historians and scholars in German Studies who are working on this period. Users can also search the site's catalogue according to themes, images and bibliographical information. The thematic search engine is quite valuable here in aiding research, as it allows users to compare different depictions of animals, plants or cities as presented by different artists and printing houses.
The Economic and Business History section of the WWW Virtual Library, part of the WWW VL History Network, is maintained by the Netherlands Economic History Archive in Amsterdam. It contains links to organisations, archives, libraries, museums, research institutions and resources around the world in the field of economic and social history - especially related to the fields of business. The links include educational resources as well as directories of trade associations, however most content relates to historical study. As well as browsing the links by category and in alphabetical order, it is also possible to search the collection of links, and using the same search engine you can interrogate other resources hosted by the International Institute of Social History, (including: Labour History News; Labour History Journals; LabNet; Asian Labour; Dutch Company Archives; Women's History; Digital Social History; Alternative Germany; Russian Archives; Communist Posters; and Art to the People). Although this resource is presented in HTML only, the links collected here can be viewed using a Lynx Text Browser, accessible via the History Network's Central Catalogue. The collection is kept up-to-date, and statements such as "New", "Updated" and "Lost" identify recent changes.
The Edward IV Roll Web pages (part of the Free Library of Philadelphia website) provide an online facsimile of the Edward IV Roll (Free Library of Philadelphia, Rare Books Department, MS Lewis E201). This roll, an illustrated history of the world with a genealogy of Edward IV, was produced circa 1461. This site provides a comprehensive introduction to the roll, aimed at the general public, which serves to contextualise the manuscript. The information is split into eleven sections, which include: a short general introduction; an historical overview, setting the scene of the Wars of the Roses; a short life of Edward IV; discussions of heraldry; and information on banners and badges. Each section provides the interested reader with a short bibliography. The facsimile of the roll is split into six sections, each of which can be viewed as JPEG files in three different sizes. It is also possible to view the whole roll as one complete image. The images are reasonably clear but the resolution is too low to be able to read much of the smaller script from the original. Nonetheless, this is an excellent resource which will appeal to the generalist and the specialist.
This is the website for an AHRC-funded project which aims to make available digital images of the collection of works assembled by John Ruskin to aid his teaching of drawing at Oxford University, together with the various catalogues of the collection which Ruskin created. The collection consists of watercolours and drawings by Ruskin and his associates, 19th century photographs of paintings and architecture, and a number of watercolours, drawings and prints by Old Masters and modern artists - notably Turner, Burne-Jones, and Dürer. The digitisation project is a collaboration between the Ashmolean Museum, the Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art and the Oxford University Computing Services Learning Technologies Group. The project website gives background information about the project and the collections and catalogues earmarked for digitisation. The website also provides a link to the online database of digitised images, and electronic versions of Ruskin's catalogues. The project is inviting contemporary artists to create new work in response to the collection and the first of these projects are available as PDF documents.
This website on Queen Elizabeth I is published in conjunction with the National Maritime Museum exhibition celebrating the 400th anniversary of the last Tudor monarch's death. The site is very easy to navigate, and provides a large amount of information on Elizabeth I's life and reign. The site is split into chapters, dealing with Elizabeth's life chronologically, and there are also additional resources in the form of a glossary and a select bibliography of texts and websites. The chapters cover the following topics: Young Elizabeth, which looks at her early life and experiences, with events such as the Seymour Scandal; Elizabeth's England, which discusses the changes she made, with measures like the Elizabethan religious settlement; and The Queen's Court, which explores Tudor life, entertainment, and the Sumptuary Laws. Following these there is Elizabeth's Adventurers that looks at sixteenth century English overseas ambitions; Representing the Queen, which discusses the image Elizabeth created, and the importance of imagery and symbolism in her portraiture; and Threats to the Crown, which explores the domestic and foreign hostility she faced from Mary Queen of Scots and Spain. The final chapter, Elizabeth's Final Years, describes the Queen's relationships with the Earl of Essex and Robert Cecil, and the end of the Tudor line. All of the texts are accompanied by good illustrations, while a glossary and a link to resources accompany the information on the site. This page as a whole provides a comprehensive introduction to Queen Elizabeth I's reign.
The Elizabethan Costume Page is a website by Drea Leed, an author and speaker on the subject of 16th century costume. The website contains articles by Leed herself and links to research sources elsewhere on the Web. Subjects covered on the website include: 16th century costume research; undergarments; patterns; garment construction; headwear; fabrics; detailing and decoration. There are also sections devoted to the historical context of the costumes, links to external related websites, suppliers of fabrics, costumes and accessories, contemporary images of Elizabethan costume, and relevant books available from online sources. The website is searchable by keyword, is available as a text-only version, and the author provides information on citing the website as a source.
'emaj: electronic Melbourne art journal' is a full-text refereed ejournal published from the University of Melbourne, featuring scholarly articles on art history in Australia and beyond. At June 2009 there are three issues online, with articles freely available for download in PDF format. Example article titles include: 'Wolfgang Sievers and the revisionism of Australian migrant art'; 'Changing museum environments: global articulations of the 'Video Text' (1968–1990)'; and 'The guitar, the musette and meaning in the fetes galantes of Watteau', among others. The journals also publishes reviews, such as 'Bill Henson: Three Decades of Photography'. Originally founded as a postgraduate journal, the editors now welcome all scholars. This is a welcome addition to the small number of free online ejournals in art history.
This website describes a series of AHRC-funded research seminars, which aimed to investigate the way in which Imperial (as opposed to Metropolitan English) landscapes came to inform the cultural conception and representation of landscape over the period of the ‘long eighteenth century’, 1780-1820. This simple site briefly summarises each workshop's programme.
This AHRC-funded website documents the Empire Exhibition of 1938. Taking place against a back ground of economic expansion powered by re-armament, the Empire Exhibition of 1938 was the last in a series of international exhibitions held in Glasgow, providing a last showcase for the pre-war British Empire. Constructed in Bellahouston park, the exhibition was housed a number of pavilions around broad boulevards, representing the colonies, dominions, countries and industries of the British Empire. The interactive map allows the user to explore the site, through three dimensional models (including reconstructions of over 80 individual structures) and archive photos. After the exhibition closed, the remarkable collection of temporary modernist buildings was largely dismantled, illustrated by a carefully put together ‘ten and now’ slideshow. There is a substantial archive, largely including photos taken in 1938, concept drawings and plans as well as a collection of video interviews setting the exhibition in context and recording the experiences of those involved at the time. This well designed resource offers a thorough introduction to an overlooked piece of imperial, architectural and social history.
"The Endurance, Shackletons Legendary Antarctic Expedition" is an online exhibition from the American Museum of Natural History. It accompanied an exhibition at the Museum from 1999, which examined Sir Ernest Shackleton's ill-fated expedition to traverse the Antarctic, 1914, and the remarkable feat of survival after their ship "The Endurance" became trapped in ice. The exhibition was primarily an exhibition of photographs and film footage, (including 150 taken by expedition's photographer Frank Hurley). There was also the life-boat "James Caird", used by Shackleton to seek aid. The maps, illustrations and other images can be enlarged, including a few of Hurley's amazing record of the expedition.
This is the website of English Heritage, the organisation responsible for all aspects of protecting and promoting the historic environment in England. Its website provides details of its conservation and preservation work as well as information about the historic sites in its care. The site features attractive illustrations and photographs, and is arranged into the primary categories of properties and events, research and conservation, and learning and resources. Within these main categories one can find information on such things as places to visit, conserving historic places, archaeology, photos, publications, and the public archive and National Monuments Record. Contact and membership details for English Heritage are provided, along with details of their local activities. Each section offers detailed information, often providing catalogue entries for publications that may be ordered online. Also provided are policies and advice and, most usefully for researchers and teachers, there are extensive and annotated links to Internet resources of relevance. There is an excellent advanced search facility to accompany the browsing of the site by topics.
Ephemera from the Age of Victoria : Printed and Manuscript Artifacts from the Collection of Barbara Rusch is an online exhibtion hosted by the E. J. Pratt Library, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The site commemorates an actual exhibition held at the Library in early 1998. The website explains that ephemera are defined "as the documents of everyday life intended for short-term use and disposal." The term -- and exhibition -- include: pamphlets ; newspapers ; calendars ; greeting cards ; posters ; advertising novelties ; and consumer product packaging. The site underscores the historical immediacy that these items donate to the study of Social and Cultural History. And the online display confirms the sentimentality, love of glowing colour, and widespread consumption of bizarre medicines associated with common Victoriana. Among these, a section entitled How to be a Proper Victorian is most revealing, including pamphlets entitled 'From the Ballroom to Hell : Facts about Dancing. A Dancing Master's Experience' and 'The Enterprising Housekeeper.' An added feature allows users to click to see the front and back of several items. Visually attractive and easy to navigate, the site should serve as a teaching tool and a starting point for researchers to assess the content of University of Toronto's impressive archival collections in the fields of Victorian and British Imperial History.
'Estampes de l'Ecole des chartes' is one of the online publications sites of the National School of Charters, an institution affiliated with the Sorbonne. The site posts a catalogue of a collection of some 700 historical engravings, prints and stamps from the 15th to the 20th centuries that are preserved at the library of the school. In the collection, the site claims, all forms of printing are represented, from the earliest woodcuts to the most recent techniques. The most attractive part of the site is a beautiful online exhibition of samples from the collection, posted on the sub-page entitled Exemples d'estampes. A search engine is provided, which allows users to search through the collection by means of a variety of fields. Users can also access several helpful indexes, bringing up, for example, detailed descriptions of all the prints held by the school that were done by one artist. These results give very precise archival information, which should be quite useful for researchers. The site has an extensive bibliography and reasonable list of relevant links. It will be of great interest to scholars working in the fields of French Art History and French Cultural Studies.
The website "European Daguerreotypes" is a subsite of the Daguerreian Society's website contains nine daguerreotypes from the John Hannavy Picture Collection, each accompanied by a short description listing the type, subject and author of each photograph and offering additonal presentation details where available. The subset includes portraits taken in British studios in the 1850s, a stereo daguerreotype of the main hall taken at the 1855 Paris International Exhibition, a German portrait presumed from the 1840s, and an unidentified portrait. This resource, which makes public a number of rare items, is potentially of interest for researchers in various disciplines, most notably 19th century European costume history and photography, as well as Victorian studies.
The Exeter Cathedral keystones and carvings website is the result of a long collaboration between medievalist, Avril Kay Henry, and professional conservator, Anna Carson Hulbert. It records more than 1,000 medieval ceiling and capital sculptures from Exeter Cathedral in Devon. Dating from the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, Exeter's sculptures help illustrate the transformation of the cathedral from a Norman to a Gothic structure. They are also significant in retaining much of their original medieval painted colour (polychromy). The catalogue comprises: images; descriptions; and textual commentary concerning: medieval bosses; corbels; labelstops; and figurative capitals within the cathedral. The site can be read as a conventional book (via its contents page), with links to its illustrations; or alternatively, users can search directly for images or can view them within the context of the cathedral plan (which uses Flash). The images are presented in black and white, or colour where the colour is original and significant. Many images are accompanied with detailed descriptions, and offer the option of viewing an enlarged version. The catalogue also includes: abbreviations; footnotes; and an extensive bibliography. The site should be of interest to medieval and art historians as well as general readers interested in cathedral architecture of this period. The website can be accessed via the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS) site.
'Exhibitions of the Royal Photographic Society, 1870-1915' is a free online research database containing "the annual exhibition catalogues of the Photographic Society, London". There are said to be 45,000 detailed records on the website, including details of exhibits and exhibitors, judges, and members. There are photographic copies of the actual catalogue pages, browsable by year from 1870 to 1915. All pictures, and some contemporary illustrations, published in the annual 'Photograms of the Year' publication have also been reproduced on the website. The website has a variety of search methods, and the ability to refine and to export specific searches. It is possible to browse the illustrations, using thumbnail images; this can be done by going to the main 'Exhibitions' menu tab and then clicking on the 'Pictures' link placed next to each year. Such images are available in large size and without watermarks, and are scanned from the printed pages rather than the original photographic prints - therefore, showing the illustrations as they appeared in the catalogues at the time. This online resource would also be a useful website for those interested in advertisements and the history of technical matters concerned with photography, since in later years there are illustrated adverts in the catalogues.
This is the website for a series of three AHRC-funded workshops in 2009, bringing together Neapolitanists and critically examine and rethink scholarship about the city of Naples, challenging dominant historical paradigms - the Grand Tour, the failure of the south – and promoting scholarship “across chronological and disciplinary divides”. The website includes details of each workshop, including abstracts of papers, and submission guidelines (at the time of writing the final two workshops were still accepting papers). Workshops are entitled: Exoticizing Vesuvius? The historical and intellectual formation of Neapolitan historiography; Topography and Piety - Naples Afflicted; Objects of Collecting in Naples and Naples as Object of Collecting. The project envisages outcomes published as a special issue of an academic journal.
'Face to Face' is the full-text magazine of the National Portrait Gallery in London. The magazine is stylishly produced, in full colour. At March 2009 there are 20 issues freely available for download in PDF format. For example, the latest issue has 12 profusely illustrated pages, and features: an interview with David Friend of the magazine Vanity Fair; a two-page scholary account of portraits of 18th Century bluestocking women; an article on the works of the Edinburgh print-maker John Kay (1742–1826); an account of the NPG's Hospital Outreach programme, and short accounts of current NPG exhibitions and publications. Four issues are produced each year. This will be a useful and engaging resource for those interested in the study and making of portraiture.
This is the website for Fashioning Diaspora Space, an AHRC-funded research project based at the V&A and Royal Holloway, University of London. Working with contemporary British Asian designers and consumers, as well as the V&A’s extensive historical collection of textiles from the Indian subcontinent, the project aims to investigate South Asian clothing fabrics in British culture during colonial (1850s-1880s) and post-colonial (1980s-2000s) periods. In particular, the project is exploring the place of South Asian textile in contemporary design practice and everyday dress, and its function as locus of meaning and memory. Additionally, the project is researching three specific acquisitions from the 19th century: purchases from the Great Exhibition of 1851; John Forbes Watson's Collections of the Textile Manufactures of India (1866 and 1873-77); and Caspar Purdon Clarke’s 1882-3 purchases for the Museum's Indian collections. Research will examine the way these collections influenced and were informed by “British concerns with design reform and education, textile manufacture and export, and imperial display”. The website contains links relevant, related areas of the V&A website as well as a promise of more content to be uploaded as and when it is completed.
'Felice Beato's Japan: people' is a large online exhibition from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The British citizen Felice Beato (born Corfu, 1833/4-1907) was the first photographer to systematically survey Japan in his 'Photographic Views of Japan with Historical and Descriptive Notes' (1869). This MIT exhibition contains a substantial 50-image album of Beato's fine colour pictures, together with a scholarly essay and detailed chronology by Alona C. Wilson (available to download as a PDF file). There are also detailed annotations, made by Beato’s colleagues, placed alongside the pictures. Beato had a profound and lasting influence on Japanese photography.
Felice Beato's Japan: places' is a large online exhibition from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The British citizen Felice Beato (born Corfu, 1833/4-1907) was the first photographer to systematically survey Japan. This MIT exhibition contains a substantial 50-image album of Beato's pictures. They feature places, buildings, and sculpture, primarily in Yokahama. The pictures are drawn from the collection of the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College. There is a very substantial scholarly essay by Allen Hockley. There are also detailed annotations, made by Beato’s colleagues, placed alongside the pictures. Beato had a profound and lasting influence on Japanese photography.
This site focuses on the personal archive of records and photographs of worldwide figureheads, belonging to the enthusiast Richard Hunter, who works as a Figurehead Historian. Many of these figureheads have now been destroyed or survive in a deteriorated condition so the archive provides valuable evidence of their previous state. The website also provides information on the appraisal, research and consultation services, that Richard Hunter also runs.
The electronic collection of the University of Seville acts as a digital repository of historical photographs; PhD theses; and digitised version of old printed books, journals and manuscripts. The collection is divided in three clear sections for each type of materials. The electronic collection of ancient and rare materials includes books, newspapers and manuscripts from the 15th to the 20th century. It can be browsed by subject and date of publication; or the user may alternatively perform a free-text search using the many options available. The photographic library is the digital version of a project which began in 1907 to create a library of art images, although it expanded soon after to include other photographs which today are invaluable for the contemporary history of Spain, and Andalucia in particular. The repository of PhD theses offers electronic versions of doctoral works in a wide variety of disciplines. For all collections search options and navigation are available in English, but information pages and most text contents are in Spanish only.
'Footprint' is a full-text ejournal published in English by the Delft School of Design at the University of Delft. The journal covers architecture, mapping and urban design theory in a critical context. At February 2009 there are three issues online, offering abstracts and full articles in PDF form. Issue three is themed 'Architecture and Phenomenology'. Example articles titles from the journal include: 'Revisiting the Invisible Hiding Place'; 'Temporal Architecture: Poetic Dwelling in Japanese buildings'; 'Ephemeral China/Handmade China'; and 'Max Raphael, Dialectics and Greek Art', among others. The website is well designed and easy to navigate. There are full details of the editorial/advisory boards, and the submissions process.
The website 'foto: modernity in Central Europe, 1918-1945' is an online exhibition from the National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. The 150-image gallery exhibition was staged from June to September 2007, and it profiled the modern uses of photography in "Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, and Poland" from 1918-1945, including the adoption of pre-war photomontage techniques for left-wing political and vanguard art purposes. The focus appears to be firmly on the communist and socialist use of photography. The use of photomontage by right-wing nationalists - such as Jan Polinski - seems to have been overlooked. The website contains an illustrated outline of the exhibition's "eight thematic sections", and has details of a lecture and film series. Exhibition brochures for both the exhibition and the film series can be freely downloaded in PDF form. The exhibition is accompanied by a 312-page book of the same title, of which details are given on the site.
This is a virtual exhibition on the late medieval painter and illuminator Jean Fouquet (c.1415-1481) presented online by the Bibliothèque nationale de France. It is part of the BNF's Virtual Exhibitions series, which aims to make possible the interactive discovery of some of the most treasured collections in this library. There is also an English presentation of this exhibition. The Fouquet Online site is beautifully put together and it contains a wealth of information on the artist, including technical detail on the execution of his works. High quality images accompany the scholarly curatorial notes throughout. The exhibition can also be viewed interactively with accompanying sound.
The Franks Casket website is entirely devoted to the interpretation of the language and symbolism of the famous 7th-century carved whalebone casket, now kept in the British Museum. The examination of the object itself is divided into seven sections, beginning with an overview of the casket's history and decoration, and continuing with an examination of each panel in turn. The site's author, Dr Alfred Becker, looks at the images depicted on each panel and also at the accompanying runic inscriptions and how these fit into an overall scheme. The study is well illustrated with details of the carvings, and contextualises the casket with historical and religious detail. This site would be of use to those studying the Anglo-Saxon art or history, especially in the context of the intermingling of pagan and Christian ideologies. This site is available in German or English versions, both accessible from this URL.
'Freedom on the fence: a digital documentary project' is the website of a 40 minute documentary film about... "the history of Polish posters and their significance to the social, political and cultural life of Poland". The project is based at Oregon State University, and will cover the immensely fertile period of poster design in Poland from 1945 until the fall of communism. The website contains a video trailer for the film (released in the autumn of 2008), biographical details of artists featured, biographies of the director Glenn Holsten and his team, appeals for donations and information, and news and updates about the film and screenings. There is also a useful page of selected external links. The project is supported by, among others: The Kosciuszko Foundation; The Whiteley Center, The University of Washington; and the Oregon Council for the Humanities.
'From Here to Modernity' is a website which was created to complement the BBC2/Open University TV series of the same name. The site traces the history of the Modernist architecture movement from its roots in the 1920s up until the present day, and aims to show how the people behind the revolution in twentieth-century building have changed the world we live in today. This is achieved by using a timeline of the period, supplemented by photographs and video interviews (for which QuickTime is required). The site focuses on the social, political, and aesthetic context of modern architecture, but it also provides brief case studies of a number of important British buildings. There are also introductions to particularly influential individuals and movements, such as Bahaus, Norman Foster and the Brutalists. Each section of the site can be downloaded as a text file and a downloadable screen saver is also available. As is to be expected from a BBC enterprise, the site is technically sophisticated.
'From Weaver to Web' is a website intended to present the history of Calderdale, West Yorkshire, and the textile industry. It provides public access to material (including images, commentary and oral history) digitised as part of this project funded by the New Opportunities Fund (NOF). The site includes introductions and examples of different types of source materials together with thematic introductions to significant events and topics within the history of Calderdale, long important for its cloth mills and markets. The topics include, such as, architecture, canals, the role of the mill, railway, social welfare. For example there is helpful information about undertaking research using electoral registers (or 'burgess rolls' - which list all those local inhabitants who were eligible to vote in local and Parliamentary elections) and poll books (which list the individuals who voted in elections and identify the candidate for whom they voted. These are available for different areas pre-1832 through to the 1872 Secret Ballot Act). These electoral registers represent an important source for the local historian and often throw up information not available elsewhere. The database of over 22,000 images may be searched by a variety of fields or browsed by all records. Articles and other secondary material has been written by local history consultants from partner organisations such as the county record office. The website also includes information on the digitisation process and content management system, as well as extremely clearly written 'help' documentation to enable easy use of the collections via the Internet. The archive is mainly derived from the Horsfall Turner collection donated to the Central Library, Halifax, West Yorkshire, England. 'From Weaver to Web' is one of the textile-related regional consortium of NOF digitisation projects, along with 'Cotton Town' and 'Knitting Together', that is contributing to 'Spinning the Web Consortium'.
The Future Histories of the Moving Image Research Network is an AHRC-funded research network that aims to "address the issues of sustainability and historiography arising from the growing number of moving image arts database and digitised collection projects in the UK." There are full details of key members and participants, a statement of aims, and a timetable for activities during 2007 and 2008. The website also has details of a November 2007 conference "Future Histories of the Moving Image" at the University of Sunderland, England.
This excellent online source provides access to a wealth of information on English and Welsh castles and gatehouses. The very easy-to-use interface provides lists of sites by county (e.g. Sussex, Kent, Oxfordshire and so on). Each county has a simply massive list of sites - arranged alphabetically by name, and provides quick-glance information on an alternative names, the type of construction (for example, timber castle, palace, manor houses, urban defences) and the status of any ruins/remains. Clicking on the place name provides further information about the site, including a brief historical synopsis and relevant details. Of more significance for users, however, is the list of sources for each site. These lists contain information discussing the sites from published books and articles, and will prove to be very useful for those researching the castles, manors, palaces and other fortifications of England and Wales.
The website "Geroge Clarke Print Collection" is an online catalogue of over 8,000 entries for prints of the early modern period collected by George Clarke (1661-1736) and bequeathed to Worcester College, Oxford. George Clarke played a significant role in the architecture of Oxford, the fifty churches of 1711 and worked with Nicholas Hawksmoor. This is an excellent resource for those interested in History of Art or in the period in general. The collection is of particular interest as it has been preserved as it was originally arranged, including prints of: views; buildings; gardens; interior decoration; portraits; paintings and antiquities. The site contains a history of the collections and of the project, and a brief biography of Clarke. The prints can be searched by engraver, designer, surname of publisher, and city of publication. Alternatively prints can be searched by location number or record ID if known. At the time of cataloguing there were over 60 records with images in the database.
This website provides access to the Getty Research Library Photo Study Collection database. The collection includes over two million images of works of art and architecture, mainly consisting of black and white photographs. The photographs themselves are not all accessible online. The images primarily relate to Western art, architecture and the decorative arts from antiquity to the modern period, but images related to the study of archaeology are also being added to the collection. About half of the collection is represented by description only but images are being added periodically. The collection is catalogued by periods (such as medieval) and by media (such as sculpture or print) and is searchable by keyword and by artists' names.
The Getty Vocabulary Program has built and maintained these Vocabulary Databases. The database comprises online editions of the Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT), the Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) and the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN). These databases provide information about terminology relating to art, architecture and material culture and also provide biographies of artists and information about major sites of artistic or architectural interest in the world. Useful in describing works of art for indexers and cataloguers and as knowledge databases for researchers.
This website provides an online version of Giorgio Vasari's "Le vite de' più eccellenti pittori, scultori, e architettori" [Lives of the most excellent painters, sculptors, and architects], on the history of Italian art. The text is drawn from two Italian printed editions of the book, one being the Edizione Giuntina (1550), the other being the Edizione Torrentiniana (1568). The content of this website represents one of the most comprehensive versions of "Le vite" available on the Internet, with all six volumes of Vasari's work being present, including many of the biographies of lesser artists that are left out in other transcriptions of the work. The interface provides a separate html page for each page of the text. The site additionally offers some accompanying search tools, which allow users to perform a variety of searches within the text.
Gravely Gorgeous is a website devoted to the explanation, study, and admiration of gargoyles and grotesques. This site would be of great interest to anybody studying architecture, literature based upon architecture (such as Ruskin's "Stones of Venice", Thomas Hardy's novels in general, and most especially, Victor Hugo's "The Hunchback of Notre Dame"), or the concept of the grotesque in general. A brief history is given to explain the medieval development of the gargoyle (the water spout) and the grotesque (corbels and capitals). However, the site is more focused on the Gothic Revival in the Victorian period, especially in England and France. The title for the page, is, in fact, taken from the words of Nathaniel Hawthorne on describing Pugin's design for the New Palace of Westminster that was built mid 19th-century. Notre Dame and the Troyes Cathedral are discussed at some length as some of the best examples of Gothic architecture with examples of gargoyles and grotesques. Charles Maryon and Seraphin Mederic Mieusement are given due attention because of their devotion to Gothic architecture in Paris and France. The gallery of images is stunning, and for that reason this site is highly recommended.
The website "Great Buildings collection" is an impressive online encyclopaedia of important world buildings and their architects edited by Kevin Matthews and published for free on the Internet by Artifice Inc., a 3D modelling software company based in Oregon with a focus on architecture. The database, which will interest a range audience of students and researchers in architecture and social history as well as the general public, features over 800 buildings which can be searched by a variety of categories such as period style, building type, date, climate, country, locational context (such as urban, rural, mountainside or coastal) or architectural feature (for example all buildings with domes or courtyard) in addition to personnel choices by the editor such as Millennium buildings. Each building is displayed as a series of data fields (the information for which is supplied by a range of contributors) and illustrated with photographic images and/or 3D digital models. The entries are fully hypertexted and are interlinked with the main RIBA website to facilitate use of their online architectural resources. Timelines of architects and of buildings are also created on the site. Bibliographic references to linked to commercial bookselling websites though other non-related advertising fliers also proliferate. The images can be freely used for non profit-making and educational activities but there are also details of a licensing scheme for commercial usage. The website also features news links to the Architecture Week site for up-to-date stories on buildings and planning.
James Helyar has curated this online exhibition on the ‘Great Exhibition of Industry of All Nations, 1851’ for the Kenneth Spencer Research Library at the University of Kansas. The Great Exhibition of 1851 in many ways symbolises the British Empire at its peak during the Victorian period. The collection of exhibits from colonies and countries around the world in direct comparison to the excellence of British technology and industrialism was held in what many saw as a fairytale castle, namely the Crystal Palace. Illustrated by items in the Kenneth Spencer Research Library collection, this website includes numerous images of the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park and the exhibits and events during the first World's Fair in London. There are quotes from Pugin, Paxton (the architect who designed the grand greenhouse), and plates from various published catalogues during the fair. As well as information about the exhibits and the Crystal Palace, there is a biography on Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's consort, who was largely responsible for the Great Exhibition, heading the Royal Council in charge of the event. This is an excellent resource for images and primary sources on the Great Exhibition of 1851.
Grimm's Northumberland Sketchbooks is an online exhibition, published as part of the British Library's Collect Britain site. On the site users can browse through digitised pen and ink drawings made by Samuel Hieronymous Grimm, a professional eighteenth century artist. Grimm accompanied his well-to-do patrons around the country on their travels and recorded what he observed in sketchbooks. The images here are of Northumberland, drawn in the later part of the century. The drawings are laid out in different categories, such as castles, everyday events, Hexham, Holy Island and Lindisfarne, Alnwick, and the coast. All of the sketches can be enlarged by clicking on them, and it is possible to zoom in on any part of the image. These images are also accompanied by text, placing them in context.
The E.W. Blatchford Collection is a photographic archive of the Middle East and parts of Europe in the late nineteenth century. It is published by the Digital Documentation Centre at the American University of Beirut. The E. W. Blatchford Collection contains 800 photographs of Europe, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Egypt and Tangiers, taken between 1880 and 1900, many taken by important photographers such as Bonfils, Dumas, Sarrafian, Dupré and Amodio. The photographs cover many things, including landscapes, historical monuments, people, architecture, archaeological sites, and daily life. The images cannot be searched, but they can be browsed using the thumbnail gallery, by list, or by using the index.
The Hazegray and Underway site originates from the hobbies of Andrew Toppman and a team of volunteers interested in naval history and photography. The site is dedicated to ships and navies, providing resources related to naval history; current naval affairs; shipbuilding; maritime history; and naval and maritime photography. The site has been built up by dedicated volunteers to now include 14,000 files and over 3,000 images. Ship histories and listings date from the American Revolutionary War to modern high-tech war ships. The data is dominated by American, British, Australian and Canadian navies yet limited information is given on other navies of the world including current fleet lists. A gallery provides access to some fantastic online images and links are given to online museums, shipbuilders, and photo archives. This is a detailed and comprehensive site for those interested in maritime and military history.
The website "Head, Hand, Heart: The Arts and Crafts Movement in Great Britain 1850-1915" has been developed by an amateur enthusiast, Daryl Bennett, and is based on the Arts and Crafts Movement in Great Britain from 1850 to 1915. The motto ‘Head Hand and Heart’ used by Charles Voysey became the motto for the Society of Designers in 1896. The website provides illustrated articles on the roots of the Arts and Crafts movement through the work of William Morris and Augustus Pugin. The site starts with an introduction that discusses the ideas and principles behind the movement and the architectural ideas that informed it. Following this there are summaries of the artists, schools and guilds that developed throughout the Victorian and Edwardian eras. These include the Cotswold School, the Glasgow School, the Newlyn School in Cornwall, the Guild of Handicraft, and companies such as Shapland and Petter. Also available are a timeline of key events, a bibliography and a list of museums and galleries that house Arts and Crafts collections.
"Heritage Ireland" is an official guide to the historic buildings, parks and gardens in the care of the Irish Government together with an outline of the various cultural and heritage bodies such as museums, libraries and performance venues which conserve and promote Irish cultural heritage. The website, published by the Department of the Environment and Local Government and part-funded by the European Union, provides a useful A-Z gazetteer which combines short historical and cultural accounts of individual sites and institutions with practical information on access, opening times, prices and contact details (including web addresses). The content is divided according to the Irish counties, with maps also available. There is a page of links to other Irish government bodies responsible for national heritage. The resource, available in English, Irish, French, German, Italian and Spanish versions, while largely aimed at the general public will also interest professional archaeologists, historians and heritage managers.
The Highland Council Historic Environment Record (HER) website makes available online a database of over 32,000 archaeological sites and monuments in the Scottish Highlands, from the Stone Age to modern times. The database has been compiled by the Archaeology Unit of the Highland Council Planning and Development Service. It is fully searchable online, and each record details the district, parish, location and period of the site or monument, and is accompanied by photographs and documents relevant to its discovery or history. There are several search options, including an interactive map. Research tools include a glossary, tips and guidance, period summaries, and frequently asked questions. Further resources are available on the site: themed articles and heritage trails. New additions include new monuments added to the database as well as field reports. The site is being updated constantly.
This is the website of the Historians of Islamic Art Association, formerly known as the North American Historians of Islamic Art (1982-1993), and also as the Historians of Islamic Art (1996-2006). The website contains Association news, details of symposiums and opportunities, an annual list of major publications in the field, and a listing of current and recent exhibitions likely to be of interest to the membership. Past Association newsletters and the membership contact list are only available to members. The Association also runs a scholarly discussion forum at H-Islamart, and the website has subscription details for this. This Historians of Islamic Art Association website will be useful to anyone with an interest in the history of the Islamic arts.
The website Historic Chester is primarily aimed at tourists, but still has a few points of interest to the local historian. The historic town of Chester (Roman Deva), home to one of the three Roman Legions stationed in Britain (20th Legion), boasts a complete set of city walls, Britain's largest amphitheatre, a magnificent eleventh century cathedral and a rich cultural heritage. This site provides a brief history of Chester's importance in the Roman, Anglo-Saxon, Tudor and Civil war periods. The site also contains a city tour with images of the main historical attractions and further information.
As part of the website for Expo2000, the website "History of World Exhibitions" is a resource on the history of international exhibitions. Clicking on each year listed provides more detailed information on each of the earlier exhibitions, beginning with the first international event, the Great Exhibition of 1851, and then continuing with those held in Paris, Vienna, Philadelphia, Chicago, Saint Louis, Barcelona, Brussels, Seattle, Montreal, Osaka, Seville, Lisbon and finishing with the 2000 exhibition held in Hanover. Each of these exhibitions has sections featuring: facts and figures; antecedents; concept; background; architecture; comments,;bibliography; and other relevant material. Each part is illustrated with contemporary illustrations. This site is available in both English and German, and is part of the website for the Hanover 2000 Expo.
'The Human Automaton in Art History' is a full-text PDF paper delivered at the EuroScience Open Forum 2004, Stockholm. The author of this 1,500-word paper, Dr. Sabine Rossbach of the University of the Saarland in Germany, presents a short but sophisticated and scholarly overview of how... "Human machines ... have undergone considerable development since the ur-androids of the 16th century." Rossbach refers to Leonardo da Vinci, Agrippa von Nettesheim, Jaquet-Droz, Fritz Lang, Hans Bellmer, Marinetti, and H.R. Giger, among others.
'I Photo Central' is a well-funded retail-oriented website that aims to be "the ultimate source for photography collecting", and claims to have "thousands of web pages for the photography collector, curator and historian" with "the largest for-sale fine art photography gallery on the web". The website offers a free well-informed 'E-Photo Newsletter', along with an extensive searchable archive of these. The website has an excellent free selection of online exhibitions that show large un-watermarked images, on various topics such as: '20th-Century Czech Photography: A Dark Modernism'; 'An Obsession with the Automobile: The Car in Photographs', 'Photography in Japan Between the Wars (1920–1940)', and a substantial selection of works by neglected U.S fantastic photographers Arthur Tress and Clarence John Laughlin, among around 100 other online exhibitions. The editors of the website state that "a major online photo bookstore is planned for a 2007 launch." The website has a search engine. Quicktime is embedded on the front page, and this may slow down or choke some older computers.
Ice, Fire and Northern Myths: Icelandic Literature at the University of Nottingham is an online exhibition on Icelandic and Viking myth and literature, presented by Nottingham University. The University has extensive original holdings in Viking and Icelandic literature, together with a facsimile of the Flateyjarbok compliation of sagas. The Ice, Fire and Northern Myths website contains a history of the collections, together with short illustrated texts on: Dramatic Landscapes, An Artist in Iceland (about Sabine Baring-Gould, 1834-1924); Icelandic dress; Illustrating Literature (on 19th and 20th Century illustrators); Observing and Recording; and Northern Tongues. The exhibition's images are presented at a small size only.
'Image magazine online' is a free archive containing the entire run of one of the first major scholarly journals of photography. 'Image' was published from 1952 to 1997 by George Eastman House in the USA. Individual issues are presented as tables of contents, plus a PDF file of the entire issue. Issues have been scanned in complete form, and the pictures are shown at a reasonable resolution and without watermarks. The website offers a sophisticated keyword search facility. This online archive is a vital free resource for those interested in the history of photography, and has been published online by George Eastman House.
The website 'Images of American Political History, created by William Ball of the College of New Jersey, provides access to images relating to American political history. These images include: photographs; maps; pictures; cartoons; and facsimile documents. Images can be viewed in two different sizes. Each image is accompanied by a very short description and details of its source. It is possible to search the collection or to browse a roughly chronological list of the images. Some of the images have also been grouped together into ‘special topic’ areas. These are: maps of growth; population and elections; toleration, abolition, suffrage and civil rights; the Capitol and related buildings and the Presidents. The images have been taken from non-copyrighted U.S. governmental holdings and publications. Images have also been taken from publications with expired copyrights.
The website titled: "Images of Circe and Discourses of Witchcraft, 1480-1580" presents an excellent essay by Professor Charles Zika, of the University of Melbourne, probably the world's leading authority on the iconography of witchcraft. Combining the discipline of art history with the study of witchcraft has enabled the visual significance of the iconography of witchcraft to have a more meaningful role in the study of witchcraft. Imagery played an incredibly important role in the conceptualisation of witches, witchcraft, the devil, and ideas of sin. This examination of the classical figure of Circe, legendary enchantress, illustrates the evolution of the portrayal of women as wielders of magic. The subject of interest by Boccaccio, Boethius, Virgil, and Augustine, Circe was a popular representation of the contemporary female in a variety of eras. A magnificently illustrated essay, which would appeal to those with an interest in art history, and history more generally. The paper - which appeared in the online journal "Zeitenblicke" - can be downloaded in full-text as a PDF file.
This online "Photograph Archive Album" provides a selection of photographs from the Imperial War Museum Photo Archive. There are more than six million photographs in the collection and here you may look at about 100 images which have been presented by topic: First World War; the Second World War; conflicts post-1945; and the Falklands War. Each image can be enlarged by clicking on it. There is a brief description as well as the archive reference number. An order form is provided to obtain prints. The whole album or separate topics may also be downloaded in PDF.
This is the searchable database of digital images deposited with the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS) by the Posters of Conflict project. Posters of Conflict was an AHRC-funded collaboration between Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU) and the Imperial War Museum, which aimed to catalogue 10,000 of the museum's internationally important collection of European and the British Commonwealth war posters from 1914-2005. The collection contains very little material that is overtly 'anti-enemy' negative propaganda. In general the posters emphasise the positive qualities of their own society and promote national identity. The database can be searched by date, place, artist, subject, political leader and symbolic figure. Each record is accompanied by a detailed catalogue entry describing the poster. Available on the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS) website, the database can be searched by keyword.
This website is a database of the Imperial War Museum Concise Art Collection. It contains contains both fine and graphic art - nearly 1,700 images of paintings, drawings, sculpture and posters from 1914 to the present day relating to the subject of war. This Web-accessible collection of digitised images is copyright cleared for educational use. Available on the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS) website, the database can be searched by keyword and the accompanying documentation exhorts the user to search beyond the traditional terminology of war to get to the heart of the collection and its social and political content. The art collection was started in 1916 by Sir Muirhead Bone as a mechanism for propoganda during the First World War but it became a memorial to the Great War under Lord Beaverbrook, who commissioned many of the greatest artists (including the avant-garde) of the time to create tributes. At the beginning of the Second World War war artists were again used for propoganda purposes to cover the Blitz and the "theatre of war", recording events in North Africa, Europe and the Far East. Since the early 1970s war artists have been commissioned to record the activities of British and Commonwealth troops during both war and peace, this includes the Falkland Islands; the Gulf War and Bosnia.
This outstanding website features online exhibitions published by the Imperial War Museum. Each exhibition deals with an aspect of warfare, and the topics range from the First and Second World Wars to the Greenham Common protests during the Cold War. The twenty-one exhibitions all deal with twentieth century wars and campaigns that have had British involvement. Included are exhibitions on war artists Edward Ardizzone, H.S. Williamson and Mervyn Peake, a display about the British home front during the Second World War, Enigma and code-breaking, and Christmas during war years, as well as exhibitions on conflicts such as the Korean War, the Spanish Civil war, the Battle of Jutland, the campaign in Burma 1942-1945, the Falklands and Pearl Harbour. All of the exhibitions incorporate primary source material held at the museum, and make particular use of audio files, photographs and documents.
The website 'Impressed by light: British photographs from paper negatives, 1840–1860' is the online record of a 2007 exhibition at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. The website contains short texts, an audio podcast in MP3 or streaming format, and a gallery of 26 of the images there were on display at the 120-picture exhibition. The curators of the exhibition claim it to be... "the first to explore the opening decades of paper photography in the country of its birth, focusing exclusively on photographs printed from negatives of fine writing paper. This early [pre-1860] process [had a] tendency to soften details and mass light and shadow in a self-consciously artistic way." "Impressed by Light" was organized by guest curator Roger Taylor, Professor of Photographic History at De Montfort University, Leicester. The exhibition was accompanied by a 120-picture 438-page book by Roger Taylor, which "features a groundbreaking examination of the artistic, social, and economic context of the British calotype. It also includes a biographical dictionary of more than 500 British calotypists - the most complete scholarly resource on the subject - by Larry J. Schaaf, an independent scholar of nineteenth-century photography, in collaboration with Mr. Taylor" - this book may be ordered from the Museum's online shop or from Yale University Press. The exhibition and book were made possible partly by a three-year AHRC Resource Enhancement project.
The "Institute for Cultural Memory" website is large portal on the archaeology; cultural heritage; ethnography; history; numismatics; and performing arts of Romania. The website contains an interactive map with most archaeological sites and museums plotted; several special sections on Romanian archaeology (including an archive on the history of Romanian archaeology; national reports of all archaeological excavations in Romania since 1999; articles on "Dacian fortresses from the area of Sarmizegetusa", the Getic fortresses at Coţofeni and Bâzdâna, a sacred pit (bothros) of ancient god Apollo Iatros, Roman Dacia, including Tropaeum Traiani and Histria in Constanţa County, and the capital Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa); the full-text issues of "Dacia, Revue d'archéologie et d'histoire ancienne" from 1924 to 1948; several articles on medieval sites; publications such as "Anthropomorphic bronze statuettes from Dacia" and CD-ROM "An Aeneolithic Civilisation: Gumelniţa"; documents on rescue and field archaeology in Romania. Section "monuments" focuses especially on churches ("The places of worship in Romania" is a database containing about 18000 records of churches with texts and colour photographs), but there are also long illustrated articles on other topics such as the medieval castles in the Arad County and the Art Nouveau stained glass windows at Oradea. There is a searchable list of Romanian museums and the DOCPAT (museum management) software in section "museums". Section "history" concentrates on modern events; sections "numismatics" contains historical introductions and details of ancient hoards discovered in Romania and modern coinage. Section "performing arts" summarises all recent musical and theatrical performances in Romania with two comprehensive databases: "Online History of Theatre Performances in Romania" and "Romanian Musical Theatre Repertory". A blog ("blogger") keeps readers informed of recent updates to this website and acts as an informal discussion forum.
The website Interactives: Renaissance provides a basic description of the Renaissance and its impact on later periods, culture, society and learning. The site was produced with the aim of being used in conjunction with a video series but the resources function well on their own. Sections include: discussions of exploration and trade; printing and thinking; symmetry, size and shape; and a focus on Florence. A helpful links page directs the user to more resources. Much of the information content of this site is in fact to be found on external sites, which are linked as directions to further information. This site is suitable as a basic introduction to the Renaissance, its thinking, architecture, art and Humanism for school teachers and students. The exercise Become a spice trader is a good example of how this site can make the study of history exciting and stimulate participation of the students.
This is the website of the Interdisciplinary Nineteenth-Century Studies group (INCS). This international group of scholars organises annual meetings and publishes an academic journal, Nineteenth-Century Contexts: An Interdisciplinary Journal. INCS promotes interdisciplinary work on all aspects of 19th-century culture. The site features information on: how to join the group; their journal; their annual conference (past, current and forthcoming); their essay prize for published essays in books or journals; and links to other related events and conferences. Also available is a contents list for previous issues of Nineteenth-Century Contexts (going back to 1994).
The International Center of Medieval Art (ICMA) is the website of an international organisation (based at The Cloisters in New York) that seeks "to promote and encourage the study, understanding, and appreciation of the visual arts of the Middle Ages produced in Europe, the Mediterranean region, and the Slavic world, during the period between circa 300 and circa 1500 CE". The site provides details on how to become a member, and information about printed publications including the centre's journal, 'Gesta'. An extensive news section details news from: sites; monuments; and collections worldwide as well as information about: exhibitions; news from related scholarly associations; and funding opportunities. The Center sponsors a number of digital projects including: the Limestone Sculpture Analysis Project; the Census of Dissertations in Medieval Art; and PRIMA: Photographic Resources in Medieval Art (effectively a list of institutions willing to supply images of medieval art). The ICMA image database can be seen on Flickr, for which site the URL is provided. There is also a lengthy categorised list of links to other online resources, which would be of use to students and researchers studying medieval art.
This site provides access to various databases on Japanese culture held by the International Research Center for Japanese Studies (Nichibunken), which is administered by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology and based in Kyoto. A substantial number of primary resources are available via the databases, most notably: rare books; art; maps; early demography; early photography; and Japanese folklore. Most primary resources are presented as high-resolution image or PDF files, searchable by keyword or chapter, though some early works have been transcribed. Collections also include material on western writings on, and foreign perceptions of, Japan. While many are freely accessible, some resources require registration on the site, which is simple but takes time for authorisation. English translations are offered for much of the site, but some search functions and all primary materials are in Japanese. The Nichibunken Databases should prove a valuable resource for all students in Japanese Studies, but especially for students of classical Japanese, early Japanese art, or Japanese folklore and mythology.
The parent Nichibunken site provides information about the Center's research activities, its library, opportunities for visiting researchers, and outreach programme and events. This last section displays information on upcoming events of interest and provides an online video library (in Real format) of over 150 past seminars, lectures and performances at the Center. The Institute's publications, 'Japan Review', 'Nihon Kenkyū', and the 'Nichibunken Forum Report', are also available. Additionally, there is an extensive list of links to resources of use for Japanese Studies in general.
The Irish Architectural Archive is a charitable company established to collect and preserve, and make available for consultation, the records of Ireland's architectural heritage. The collections housed by the archive comprise the largest body of historic architectural records in Ireland. They include: over 250,000 historic Irish architectural drawings from the late seventeenth to the late twentieth centuries; over 400,000 photographs; and a reference library, with in excess of 15,000 items of printed matter relating to architecture. The website includes collection level descriptions as well as some sample drawings, photographs and manuscripts. It is also possible to interrogate a biographical index of Irish architects from 1720 to 1940, (the letters A to J have currently been made available).
This website details the architectural history of the city of Isfahan (or Esfahan) in Iran. Isfahan is a designated UNESCO world heritage site, with an architectural history dating back to the eleventh century CE. This site describes, and provides photographs of, all the minarets, bridges, palaces, mosques, and shrines in the city that were built before the twentieth century. There is a section on the fundamental concepts of Persian architecture, which explains the religious significance of the design and colouring of the several parts of the Persian mosque. The site also provides basic introductions to: Shi'ism; the influence of Sufism in the development of Iranian culture; and the historic events that have affected Persia/Iran. The site includes an extensive bibliography and links section, which references: publishers that produce works on Iranian/Persian history; other websites that refer to Isfahan; sites concerned with Iranian religion, culture, and literature; and Iranian newspapers.
This is the website of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. Founded in 1965, the Museum has quickly established an excellent reputation. Information is provided about the main collections, of which perhaps the most important is the Shrine of the Book, which holds the Dead Sea Scrolls. These Essene manuscripts date from the third century BC to the first century AD, and the museum's website provides an informative and well-presented introduction, outlining their historical context and importance. A select bibliography and related links are provided. Details are also given of the other wings, devoted to world art, Judaica and Jewish Ethnography, and archaeology, plus the art garden and the youth wing. Each contains descriptions and images of objects from the collection. There are details of events, lectures and publications, as well as exhibitions past present and future. The website is well presented, and provides all the information a prospective visitor might require about the museum and its resources. One of the highlights among the online exhibitions is a Virtual Tour at the Model of Jerusalem in the Late Second Temple Period. The Museum's website is an excellent example of the productive use of the World Wide Web in offering an accessible and informative introduction to a cultural institution of international importance.
The Italian Renaissance website is intended as a student-level introduction to the key developments of the Renaissance. It begins by discussing what exactly the 'Renaissance' was, why and when it came to be so called, and how it differed from the Middle Ages. There is a page on humanism, which likewise explores its origins and character, and a page on Renaissance Neo-Platonism, looking at the history and revival of this school of philosophy. The site also describes the achievements of several influential individuals such as Pico della Mirandola, Niccolò Machiavelli, and Leonardo da Vinci. A page on architecture and public space completes the historical section of the site.
A 'resources' section provides a representative gallery of examples of Renaissance art. This includes images of works by Botticelli, da Vinci, Raphael, and Titian amongst others. Readings from the period include extracts from texts by Machiavelli, Michelangelo Buonarroti, and Pico della Mirandola. There is also an historical map of early modern Italian cities and states, and a short list of links. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates. The site has remained static for some time, but remains a useful tool.
The website of the London office of the Japan Foundation has full English-language details of the activities and research projects of this major and long-established arts and cultural exchange organisation. There are details of current Japan Foundation activities and events in the UK. The website has details of the funding and grants on offer from the Foundation, and details of recent grants and projects funded. There is a listing of exhibitions available through the Foundation, and an archive of reviews of recent Japanese arts and culture exhibitions in the UK. There is a useful online map of Japanese art collections in the UK, and the Foundation has also placed online the full-text transcript of 'Japanese Art Collections in the UK' - a March 2006 symposium investigating the state of Japanese art collections in UK museums. A free PDF newsletter, 'Perspectives' is available, and the website holds an archive of back-copies. Also available is a focussed and up-to-date set of external links. This website is a vital online resource for those interested in Japanese art and culture in the UK.
The emergence of new Jewish communities in Britain following their readmission in the 1650s resulted in the creation of a rich and unique heritage of religious building types such as synagogues, cemeteries and ritual bathhouses, but also social spaces such as schools, soup kitchens and hospitals. The decline in the size of the Jewish population and changes in the economic status of congregations since WWII has placed many Jewish buildings of considerable social and architectural importance under threat. This website describes the attempts of a project organised by the Jewish Memorial Council (JMC) and substantially funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund to survey, photograph and archive some 350 surviving examples of Jewish buildings constructed up to the Second World War. The resource includes a map of survey sites in the British Isles, a list of listed synagogues and other Jewish buildings, an outline of sites under risk (or lost, including the last major synagogue in Dublin demolished in 1999) and details of plans for publication and preservation of surviving monuments. Many of the structures under threat are characterised by lavish 19th and 20th century architectural or decorative features and fine craftsmanship, often combing contemporary styles with specifically Jewish features. The resource also provides practical advice for individuals and groups, both members of synagogue communities or the general public, to record any part of the Jewish built heritage which is under threat. This site will interest in particular architectural and social historians and heritage professionals but will also broaden public awareness of this important aspect of the built environment in the British Isles.
'Jews and the Graphic Novel' is a 22-page documentary comic book created and written by David Gantz. This comic is free to read online, and offers a condensed history of the immense contribution made by American Jewish men to the art and craft of the comic book in the 20th century. The author has the advantage of having worked in the industry since the 1940s, and there is particular focus on the impact of the Second World War on the industry. In 22 pages, this free online comic can only scratch the surface of a history which is now dealt with in a significant number of scholarly history books - such as 'From Krakow to Krypton: Jews and comic books'; 'The Jewish graphic novel: critical approaches'; 'Up, Up, and Oy Vey'; and 'Disguised as Clark Kent: Jews, Comics, and the Creation of the Superhero', among others. It does however give a useful outline introduction for those who are just starting to take an interest in the topic.
The 'Journal For The Study of British Cultures' (1994-) is a scholarly journal edited and published in Germany, but printed in English. The journal aims "to provide a platform for the study and discussion of diverse ‘British’ cultural forms through in-depth articles, case studies, reviews, etc". At June 2010 there are details of 25 issues online, along with all the information that one would expect to find of the website of a major academic journal. Issues have abstracts, detailed contents lists, including the titles of book reviewed. The journal aims to "transcend traditional disciplinary boundaries", and covers a wide range of cultural topics. Issues are themed. This journal may offer British scholars a refreshing 'outside view' on British culture, and English-language reviews of material published only in German. There are details of submission procedures and also how to subscribe.
Journal of Art Historiography is an open-access scholarly ejournal, supported by the Department of History of Art at the University of Birmingham. It was originally published by the Institute for Art History at The University of Glasgow. The articles are peer-reviewed, and are freely available for download in the PDF format.Example article titles include: 'Fritz Novotny and the new Vienna school of art history - an ambiguous relation'; 'Moriz Thausing and the road towards objectivity in the history of art'; 'An art history of means: Arendt-Benjamin', among others. The journal website has full details of the editors, Editorial Board, and submission process. The journal's stated aim is to ignore disciplinary boundaries, and the editors aim to publish two issues per year.
'The Journal of Art History' is a full-text academic ejournal, published online by the University of Tampa in the USA. At January 2009, three issues are online, showcasing "exemplary undergraduate research in art history" usually paired with an article by the lecturer concerned. Example article titles include: 'Figure-Device Artworks of Jasper Johns: Abstraction and Figuration of the Haunting Body'; 'Construction, Craftsmanship and Class in the Bauhaus and the Nazi Aesthetics'; and 'Galileo and the Telescope: Naturalistic Representations in Visual Astronomy'. Articles are illustrated, and presented as HTML pages in frames. The website has a keyword search facility. The website has details of the journal, its aims, and the submission procedure.
This is a website devoted to the notable late 19th century German print magazine 'Jugend'. The magazine is mentioned in most standard art and design histories, and is commonly said to have given its name to the "Jugendstil" art and design movement. The website appears to have been created by a collector. This is a useful and concise source for learning about the magazine and its influences, with illustrated sections on the situation before Jugendstil, on founder Georg Hirth, the Jugend artists, and the legacy. There are also five themed galleries, a glossary, and an invitation to sell or swop issues of the magazine. The website is also available in German.
'Knowledge Media Design' is a research group at De Montfort University, Leicester. DMU is described as "an interdisciplinary grouping comprising researchers and practitioners in the fields of graphic design, photography, video, multimedia, ergonomics and learning technologies." The KMD website has details of several AHRC-funded projects, including: "Photographs Exhibited at the Royal Photographic Society 1870-1915"; "A research network to develop common language and concepts in order to facilitate further and closer research collaboration between the arts, humanities and sciences"; and a 2006 "Review and User Survey of the Arts and Humanities Data Service". They have also produced three "ICT Guides, the result of a JISC-funded ICT awareness programme for Arts and Humanities researchers." The KMD website has brief details of the aims and strategy of KMD, and a full academic projects list. Projects include: 'Roger Fenton's Letters from the Crimea'; 'Three Centuries of Transport'; and 'Royal Designers for Industry' (CD-ROM), among others. The KMD also undertakes commercial work and creates commercial products, under the brands of VisionZone, InteractiveZone, and LearningZone. The website has details of these commercial works, and contact details for commissions.
This is the website of the Kommission für Kunstgeschichte, the division of the Austrian Academy of Sciences devoted to Art History, founded in 1979. The site describes its various projects: Geschichte der Bildenden Kunst in Österreich (History of Graphic Art in Austria); Barocke Deckenmalerei in Österreich (Baroque Ceiling Frescoes in Austria); Studien zum Gesamtkunstwerk (Studies of the Synthesis of the Arts); Corpus der Mittelalterlichen Wandmalereien Österreichs (Corpus of Medieval Wall Paintings of Austria); Jesuitenarchitektur in Italien 1540–1773 (Jesuit Architecture in Italy, 1540–1773 ; Forschungsschwerpunkt St. Stephan (Main Emphasis of Research on St. Stephen). The main goal of these projects is to put forth specialised academic studies on these topics. The site lists the Commission's publications to that effect –– with a noticeable emphasis on graphic arts and architecture in relation to the Roman Catholic Church in Austria and the former Habsburg Empire –– in its various series on the History of Art from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century. Abstracts of the publications are available. There are some sample images on the site which are helpful in illustrating the aims and scope of the Commission. Upcoming lectures within the field are advertised. The site shares University of Vienna's Art History links page.
The website "Murals of the XIIth to the XVIIth century in France and elsewhere" is an amateur site created by Yves Impens to offer detailed information and images of the painted churches of Brinay (Bourges region) and Jenzat (Clermont region) in France together with images and outline commentaries on similar structures elsewhere in France, Belgium and Switzerland. Together these pages comprise a useful online corpus of French religious mural painting between the 12th and the 15th centuries AD. French churches, unlike their English counterparts which suffered from the iconoclasm of the Reformation and the 17th century, contain a wealth of mediaeval wall-paintings featuring images of the life of Christ and the saints or eschatalogical themes such as the Last Judgement. The sections on Brinay and Jenzat provide an account of the architecture and history of the church with interactive plans while more general sections of the site discuss techniques of mural painting and the pigments employed by the artists. A recent addition to the site, which is an on-going project, is an inventory of painted churches in France and Swizerland with interactive maps for easy browsing which provide gazette-style information on many more examples than are featured in the photo gallery. Many of the entries are conveniently linked to the Google maps providing geographical information for those not familiar with the often remote locations of many of these churches. Useful links to related sites and references are also posted on this site. The resource is a valuable source of colour images for students and researchers of mediaeval French art and archaeology and provides useful complementary material for those more familiar with painted churches on this side of the English Channel.
The Labyrinth website consists of a collection of annotated links to resources in many different areas of medieval studies. The content concentrates particularly on: art; architecture; religion; history; languages; and literature. The links have been divided into forty-five main subject categories, which may be browsed or searched according to keyword or restricted by type of material. By this latter method, it is possible, for example, to limit the results to primary documents only. The site is continually updated and users are asked to submit new links. This resource would be useful to students or researchers studying the Middle-Ages.
The website 'Arts and Crafts Movement, 1880-1920 in Europe and America' is a large online exhibition from the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. It contains details of the movement in the British Isles, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Norway, Sweden, Belgium, and the United States of America. The British pages contain short texts by Wendy Kaplan on 'Early Sources and Ideals', on 'The Guild of Handicraft', and short notes on the movement in Ireland and Scotland. These texts are illustrated. There are similar illustrated texts for each of the other countries covered. The website notes that the "online exhibition consists only of pieces from LACMA's collection that were included in the traveling show".
The website contains 82 images of German Expressionist book art and book illustrations from 1910-1925, drawn from the collection of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Scans are first presented in simple 'thumbnail' gallery form, each giving title, artist name, and date. Most thumbnails also have a "zoom" icon next to them, indicating that a larger version of the scan is available. Larger images are not closely cropped, and are up to 640-pixels in length on the longest side. Artists represented are: Hugo Steiner-Prag; Jakob Steinhardt; Erich Waske; Otto Pankok; Else Lasker-Schuler; Oskar Kokoschka; Willy Jaeckel; George Grosz; Wilhelm Geissler; Conrad Felixmuller; Lovis Corinth; Karl Caspar; and Ernst Barlach.
The Lady Jane Grey Internet Museum is an online collection, primarily consisting of images of the ill-fated Lady Jane Grey from books, films and illustrations produced since her execution in February 1554. The collection is most obviously of interest to historians, but also provides material of use to those studying the media or art history. The site catalogues the changing image of Jane over five centuries, and debates the provenance of early images of Lady Jane. The collection is the work of enthusiast Sonja Marie Isaacs, but the inclusion of items such as an essay by John Stephen Edwards, University of Boulder-Colorado and images submitted by historian and author, Alison Weir, help to add an academic element. The site provides biographical information on Lady Jane Grey together with analysis on the way different biographies and the other material in the collection relate to known fact. The site's editor gives thoughtful comments on the very large collection of material, as well as providing links to related sites of interest. The site is fairly straightforward to use, and is regularly updated, with links to recent and previous additions given to help regular users of the site navigate to the what is new on the site.
"Last Expression: Art from Auschwitz" is a website that was made to accompany an exhibition held at the Block Museum of Art at Northwestern University in September 2002. The project is dedicated to exploring the 'roles, functions, meanings and making of art in the Nazi concentration camps and ghettos during the Second World War, focusing on the notorious site of Auschwitz-Birkenau. The website offers a range of resources. Unfortunately, the 'Search Art' section, which provided images from the exhibition, no longer appears to function. However, the website still includes extensive information about art, music and theatrical performance of the Holocaust, in the form of video interviews and lectures, artist biographies, and essays. There are also a bibliography, glossary and virtual tours of Auschwitz and Birkenau. Plug-ins are required to read or view some of these resources. "Last Expression" utilises the full capability of multimedia in order to explore the issues surrounding the Holocaust and aesthetic activity. Scholars working in Jewish studies, history or aesthetics are likely to find this site to be of interest.
This is the website of the Leeds Centre for Victorian Studies, based at Trinity and All Saints College, Leeds. The Centre was established in 1994 and has since become an active site for Victorian Studies. It co-ordinates a programme of seminars, one-day colloquia and residential conferences; information about which is listed on the site. The site also features a list of previous colloquia (going back to 1994) allowing users to browse for topics which may be relevant to their research. Information about the Centre's staff and their publications can be accessed at the site and there is also a link to the Centre's academic journal, Journal of Victorian Culture (JVC), founded in 1996. A list of contents is available for previous issues of the journal (all contents are listed for issues from 2000-present and selected contents are listed from 1996-2000).
This website, part of the BBC Science & Nature section, looks at Leonardo da Vinci as an all-round genius, thinker, artist, scientist and engineer. The site includes online galleries of paintings, sketches and works by other artists, providing additional information and high-quality images. An interactive area presents Leonardo's 'studio' which, by navigating around select items in the studio, links to additional biographical and historical information about the artist and the Renaissance period, covering Leonardo's designs for flying machines, the materials used by Renaissance artists, camera obscura, anatomy and the unfinished work 'Adoration of the Magi'. In addition, there is a link to an illustrated timeline of his life with a series of 12 questions to test your Leonardo knowledge, plus an interactive 'what kind of thinker are you?' quiz. The site is exciting to explore and allows a closer look at masterpieces such as the Mona Lisa, Lady with Ermine, The Last Supper, and drawings and sketches. Experts in the fields of art history, architecture, and engineering share their opinions on the website.
Taken from the New York Public Library's Photography Collection, the Lewis Wickes Hine website is an online exhibition of twenty-six enlargeable photographs by Lewis Wickes Hine (1874-1940) depicting the Empire State Building under construction between 1930 and 1931. It includes brief biographical information about Hine and some facts about the building, taken from 'The Empire State Building' by Theodore James (New York, Harper and Row, 1975). A link is provided to the official Empire State Building website.
'Light Research' is a free and extensive website devoted to the art of photography. The Director is photography scholar and critic Robert Hirsch. The website contains an extensive collection of full-text essays, reviews, exhibition catalogues, and interviews by Hirsch. These include, among others: 'Flexible Images: Handmade American Photography, 1969 – 2002'; 'World in a Jar: Camera Vision as a Cultural Tool'; and interviews with Jerry Uelsmann and Christopher Bucklow. The website also has original photo essays. The front page also occasionally features 'calls for work' and news of conferences and symposiums. This will be a useful website for those seeking free in-depth critical thinking on photography, especially fine art and documentary photography in the United States.
This website documents an AHRC-funded collaboration between the University of Liverpool’s School of History and the Liverpool Record Office to computerise the city’s unique local studies sheaf catalogue and create resource finding guides, essays and commentaries around the most important historical writing about Liverpool. These are available online (as will the catalogue be, on its completion in 2009) and cover seven different topics: Archive Sources – introductions to conducting research in the record office; Culture; Maritime and port history, including shipping companies, emigration and the slave trade; Politics; Society; Urban history, building and planning, including the city’s architecture; Work, business and the economy. The project builds on the 2006 publication ‘Liverpool 800: Culture, Character and History’. This website is a very useful resource for anyone embarking on the study of the city of Liverpool.
London index is represented at this website in four major categories: Buildings and Institutions, Law and Order, Commerce, and Events. Each heading contains links to places, building or events, that, while not necessarily erected in the Victorian period (in the case of buildings), held great significance to Victorian culture and Londoners. Such items include: the House of Commons and House of Lords (both rebuilt mid-century), the Royal Academy (significant for the artists resulting from studies there), Newgate Prison (a prominent landmark in Victorian London, as well as in Victorian fiction), The Bank of England, the Royal Exchange, the London Dockers' Strike, and the Reform Riots of 1831. As well as a description of the event or place, the site offers, in some cases, bits of primary resources or images to help create a greater understanding. The site is part of the Spartacus Educational portal which offers great material on British and World history for school teachers.
The London Journal is an interdisciplinary journal relating to London's history, economy, sociology, geography, architecture, art and literature. The journal is concerned with London's historical development, contemporary London and London's future. Tables of contents (Volume 20 No.1 1995 onwards) and abstracts of articles (Volume 24 No. 1 1999 onwards) are available from the site. The last issue posted on this site is volume 30 no. 2 (2005). More recent issues can be consulted on the website of the publishing house. The site posts information about subscriptions and contacts.
'London Remembers' is a comprehensive free online gazetteer that offers a guide to notable personal memorials located in the city of London. These public memorials range from statues to plaques, inscriptions, stones, benches and trees. It seems that gravestones and religious buildings are not included. The website uses an intuitive and reasonably elegant mapping database system. Clicking on a red dot on the map leads to a page for that memorial. Usually there is a photograph and a short descriptive text for each memorial. Not all of London is covered; only the central and north London areas, and the West End and The City are covered at October 2007. Visitors can also search the database by name. The website is a personal project, and the editors maintain editorial control over what is included.
This website, Love and Yearning: Mystical and Moral Themes in Persian Poetry and Painting, is an online exhibition published to accompany a display (2003-2004) of works drawn from the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution, and from the Textile Museum (all in Washington, D.C.). These works demonstrate how 15th to 17th-century artists' rich imagery of mystical concepts found in Persian lyrical poetry, the Haft-awrang (Seven Thrones) by Abdul-Rahman Jami. The website received an honourable mention MUSE Awards art category. The MUSE citation describes the 27 "astonishingly beautiful" illustrated manuscripts, which are viewable using this Flash site's Zoomify tool, in "a model implementation" of this technology. The exhibition is accompanied by Persian classical music, and was conceived as both an in-gallery touchscreen viewing station and a website to help the visitor view the details of the paintings within this celebrated manuscript and also offer an introduction to Persian painting. The website was also nominated in the competition for Best On-line Exhibition or Activity Site in 'Museums and the Web 2004 : Best of the Web'.
The Magic Mirror of Life website stems from the personal passions of two photographers interested in the history and prehistory of photography. The camera obscura (Latin for dark room) is an important discovery in the development of the photographic camera. Many of the obscuras built in Britain are relics of the Victorian era. The site offers background and historical information on the camera obscura. Links and bibliographic sources provide further points of reference. The personal collection of the site's authors display a very good collection of images of camera obscuras in the UK and the US, plus images of books, cartoons, postcards, encyclopaedia pages and vintage instruments. The authors' visits to obscuras are detailed with maps and personal accounts.
'Magical miniature landscapes: the comprehensive history of bonsai' is an attempt to present an online cultural history of bonsai trees, and it has been created by bonsai enthusiast Robert J. Baran. His free website contains about 40 texts, including timelines, biographies, bibliographies and full-text scholarly essays such as "Horticulture in Britain and the Japanese-British exhibition of 1910" and "Dwarf Potted Trees in Paintings, Scrolls and Woodblock Prints". The website also has comprehensive historical details of symposiums and bonsai conventions.
To commemorate the 80th anniversary of the 1918 armistice, six major European museums created an online exhibition, under the patronage of UNESCO, of 100 paintings by 54 artists from both sides of the First World War. It provides an essential perspective on the Great War, one of the pivotal events in World History. Curated by art historian Philippe Dagen and published by the Mémorial de Caen, the site has French, German and English versions. The paintings are arranged by painter, and titles are provided in German, French, and English. Alongside each painting, there is a brief but comprehensive description. A highlight of the site is the introductory essay, intended as a prologue to the exhibition. The work of artists such as: Kokoschka; Grosz; Picasso; Schiele; and Dix is featured as well as those of lesser-known artists. An excellent site for all those interested in the history of art and the First World War.
This website describes the National Portrait Gallery’s AHRC-funded research into its collections from the period 1500-1620. It involves a “detailed and comprehensive” scientific survey of 80 key works from the period. Researchers will use techniques such as Infrared reflectography; Paint analysis; Dendrochronology; X-ray; Microscopic examination and photography; Ultraviolet investigation. These investigations will help answer questions of provenance and technique and shed light on an under researched area of art history. Results will be shared with specialists elsewhere in UK, as well as in the Netherlands and Germany. The website includes highlights of the survey to date, including the definitive identification of a portrait of Mary, Queen of Scots as dating from the period around her death and evidence of painting from life in the Darnley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I. Additionally, the website provides case studies which demonstrate how the techniques work to reveal hidden information in the paintings. The website also offers details of four AHRC-funded workshops based around the research.
This is the main website for 'MapHist: e-mail discussion group on the history of cartography'. The list concentrates on... "historical maps, atlases, globes and other cartographic documents", and membership is open to all interested parties. The website hosts an 'Illustration page' and a 'Discussion papers' page, where members deposit scholarly items for the list to discuss. These pages are open to non-members. There is also a 'History of Maphist' page, and external links to old (pre-2002) archives of the mailing-list. There is a short page about dragons and other monsters that appear on early maps, containing some details of the history of such maps, and a partial list of known early examples. MapHist is not to be confused with Maphist Article Manager, an annotation software tool for historical maps.
Medieval Imaginations is an online database created by the Faculty of English at the University of Cambridge, in conjunction with the University's Centre for Applied Research in Educational Technologies (CARET). The aim of the site is to cross-reference episodes from medieval mystery plays with depictions of the same Biblical episodes in the visual arts of the period. Users may choose a mystery play episode from a drop-down list that includes: 'Abraham and Isaac'; 'Apocalypse'; 'Harrowing of Hell'; 'Crucifixion and Death'; and 'Massacre of the Innocents' as well as other more general topics such as: 'Saints'; 'Borders and Margins'; and 'Gargoyles'. The images are taken from a number of sources, including: stained glass windows; illuminated manuscripts; early printed books; embroidery; and sculpture. The project is ongoing, and images continue to be added. Images can be viewed with or without a java applet that allows users to zoom into the picture, and are accompanied by a description. Users can perform a more advanced search by: keyword; episode; media; or date. The site also provides: a history of the project; help on how to use the database; a short introduction to medieval mystery plays and to each of the episodes; references; and suggested further reading. This resource would be of interest to those studying or teaching medieval literature (and more particularly drama) at University level, as well as anyone interested in medieval art.
The Medieval Stained Glass Windows website is about the stained glass panes dating from the 13th and 14th centuries that have been preserved in three churches in Esslingen in Germany. Windows from the City/Parish church St. Dionysus, the Frauenkirche and the Franciscan church can be seen in the exhibition. The site has images and a history of some of the windows. It includes a brief history of the techniques of stained glass.
The Medieval Wall Painting in the English Parish Church website provides an online catalogue of churches in England that are decorated with medieval wall paintings, dating from the twelfth to the fifteenth century. The catalogue can be browsed by geographical location using a county map of England, or by subject via a page of thumbnail images. Photographs of all the paintings are provided. The images are accompanied by useful descriptions and notes on their importance and context. The paintings have been separated into categories which include, among others: pre-1200 paintings; Genesis scenes and the Tree of Jesse; the early life of Christ; the Virgin; the Saints; the Doom and the weighing of souls; the Passion cycle; and devotional scenes. In addition to the main catalogue there is also: a general introduction to medieval wall paintings; a bibliography; and a selection of pertinent links. This website would be invaluable to anyone studying medieval art and religious iconography, although it should be noted that this is an ongoing project and coverage is not complete.
'mik: art history and criticism' is a full-text ejournal published from Latvia, with articles in either English or Latvian. At November 2009 there are four issues online, published between 2005 and 2008. Each issue is freely available for download in the PDF format. The Web page for the journal has details of the Editors and Editorial Board. There are no tables of contents on the Web page, so users need to download a PDF to see what the issue contains. Example English articles from the most recent 2008 issue include: 'Between Canaanism and Brutalism: Architecture, the Orient and Identity Construction in Israel'; 'Imaginable Common Identity: Shall We Rely on Emotions?'; and 'Sacral Theatre Narrative in Contemporary Lithuanian Theatre', among others. Articles in Latvian are prefaced with substantial summaries in English. Mik is a useful addition to the small range of free ejournals in art history.
'Minerva : the international review of ancient art and archaeology' is a major British journal established in 1990. The website has news and reviews from the current issue, and at June 2010 the magazine archives offer selected topical full-text features from 18 issues (July/Aug 2007 to May/June 2010), together with some reviews. There are also tables of contents. The website also has details of the editors, subscriptions, back issue sales, and contact information.
The website 'Modern Jewry and the Art', hosted by the Special Collections section of the University of Pennsylvania library, is an online exhibition of Jewish art aiming to embrace a broad range of artistic development within the Diaspora and Israel, and to transcend a homogeneous definition of modern Jewishness. That said, the exhibition appears to reflect fundamentally an American Jewish perspective. In 2001, images related to Jewish art, music, theatre, film and dance were selected by the fellows of the Center for Judaic Studies library, who are also based at a number of other universities. Most examples derive from the twentieth century, with some from slightly earlier. The section on contemporary Jewish music in America offers five sound recordings in MP3 format. Historical explanations which accompany the pieces tend to dominate selected artistic works. The resulting combination would be of interest not only to the general public, but also to teachers and students. There is a bibliography for further reading on sources. The page is archived.
The award-winning website "The Monastic Matrix" presents online collaborative interdisciplinary research being carried out by scholars working on the subject of Christian women between 400 CE and 1600 CE. It is of interest to those working on the period from the perspective of history, religion, women's history, archaeology and history of art, among other subjects. The project is ongoing and also provides an excellent example for those interested in humanities computing. The aim is to "document the participation of Christian women in the religion and society of medieval Europe." The project makes the data widely available and drawing on a range of textual and non-textual sources, bases the project on "Monasticon" - a database of profiles of communities of religious women. The Monasticon may be searched by period, geography or name to reveal details about a community’s history, foundation, population and residents. The site is divided into the following sections: vitae (over 600 potted biographies); Cartularium (primary source documents); Bibliographia (a searchable database of titles); Vocabularium (glossary of Latin and specialist terms); Commentaria (an archive of articles); and Figurae (a visual library). The project allows the reader to examine issues such as the organisation of the religious communities, their relationships with the Church, the nobility, and each other. As the study of female religious orders and communities becomes more popular this source will be useful to an increasingly broader audience. For those working on communities in Western Europe, this is an excellent resource which can be used for teaching and research.
Montage is a full-text ejournal on topics in the history of art and architecture. It is published online by the University of Iowa Art History Society, offering scholarly articles, book reviews and exhibition reviews, all written by graduate students from across the U.S.A. At November 2009 the journal has published two issues, ranging broadly across art history, film, architecture, and even archaeology. Example article titles include: 'Pika-Don and Motion Pictures: The Atomic in Film'; 'All Safe!: Early Passenger Elevators and the Experience of the Vertical Ride'; 'Bronze Age Fortifications: A Dualistic Interpretation'; 'Significant Structures: Reading Bruegel’s Architecture'; and 'Calamity and War Photography: Persuading the Ideal Viewer', among others. Montage is a welcome addition to the small number of open access ejournals in art history. There is an associated annual symposium at the University of Iowa.
'Moving and Projected-Image Entertainment in the South-West, 1820-1914' is a three-year research project run by Dr John Plunkett and Dr Joe Kember of the Department of English at The University of Exeter. This project has been funded with a £204,000 AHRC Research Grant, and seeks - through a provincial study - to demonstrate the "extensive national distribution of moving and projected images between 1820 and 1914" in terms of panoramas, dioramas, peepshows, the magic lantern, and other 'lost' forms of visual media and optical diversions. The project website has full details of the aims and scope, outline biographies of the four researchers involved, and an annotated five-image gallery drawn from the Bill Douglas Centre at the University of Exeter.
The website for the Musées nationaux récupération (MNR), is part of the French government's Ministry of Culture and Communication. The site explains that at the end of World War II over 61,000 pieces of art were recovered in France and Germany. Some 45,000 of them were returned to their rightful owners and 15,000 were sold; the remaining 2,000 pieces must remain open to possible applicants. The site lists remaining works in a general catalogue for public perusal and a posted comment notes that some pieces have been claimed. Thirty-eight works now in the care of the Musée national d'art moderne and the Centre de création industrielle are listed with titles and images.They are accompanied by messages from museum officials who emphasize the need for transparency in this matter. The site also features a timeline and an excerpt from a 1995 press report on the topic. A subsite includes bibliographies of works on the subject, as well as indexes of press reports and court decisions on the restitution of art pieces. The general catalogue is available here as a searchable database of artworks.
'Music boxes and automatons' is a website created by the French Galerie Le Sevrien, a maker of musical boxes and dealer in automata, mechanical toys and music boxes. The Galerie decribes the website as "a tribute to the talented European watchmakers and technicians, who, through the 18th and 19th centuries, tried to discover the secrets of life by giving birth to extraordinary creatures of great mechanical complexity". The website offers a short illustrated 'History of the automatons, androids and artificial animals', and dossiers, essays and reviews, including a history of the music box. The website also offers for sale videos about automatons. The website is available in English and also in a variety of European languages.
The Web Site of the "Muzeum archidiecezjalne sztuki religijne w Lublinie (Lublin archdiocesan museum of religious art)" is in Polish. It provides the usual information on the museum's opening hours, collections, and location. The site has details of past and current exhibitions, and includes a brief history of the museum. The museum is famed for its Trinitarian Tower and close links to the Jesuits from the sixteenth century. The site features descriptions of the ongoing preservation of historic buildings and objects and a brief gallery. The site is well illustrated and of interest to those researching Polish ecclesiastical history, or the area of Lublin.
This site, developed by the Fondation Napoléon, aims to make primary source material relating to the First and Second Napoleonic Empires available online. The site aims to appeal to researchers and enthusiasts alike. Three collections are currently on the site. There are 3660 printed working documents of the Counseil d’État, 1800-1814; 150 letters from Napoleon I to Bigot de Préameneu, 1800-1815 and 255 drawings from the collection Houdetot 1797-1835. Napoleonica.org are planning to add further collections to the site. It is possible to search the full-text of the collections. A quick search and an extended search facility are available. As well as providing access to primary source material introductions to the collections are available from the site. Bibliographies and general information on the collections are also provided.
Compiled by the Canadian government's Department of National Defence's Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH) and the Organization of Military Museums of Canada (OMMC), this is the website for a project called the National Inventory of Canadian Military Memorials (NICMM). This project is an attempt to catalogue every military memorial across Canada. When memorials were built after the World Wars, each community followed their own dictates as to the type or placement of a memorial, if one was built at all. There was no effort to track which communities had built a memorial or to confirm the information found on them. The NICMM hopes to catalogue not just the major monuments usually found near government buildings, but also the smaller memorials such as plaques, stained glass windows, or certificates and other memorials often located in churches, schools, community halls and public buildings. They also hope to capture all the names listed on these memorials in order to build a proper database of those courageous men and women who lost their lives for the freedom of Canada. The project is collecting detailed photographs of each memorial, so that the the text on the memorial can be transcribed and to provide a digital database of this information for research and historical purposes. There are almost 6,000 military memorials in the database at the present time that can be browsed by province and then municipality; an advanced search option is also available. For the more detailed records, the text on the memorial and images are provided. It is possible to register a memorial that is not already recorded in the database.
The website of the National Museum of Women in the Arts provides details on the museum that is based in Washington, DC. The museum was incorporated in 1981, and is now housed in a former Masonic temple. Home to over 3,000 works, it is a library and research centre as well. The collections begin with the sixteenth century and continue up to the present. Each epoque is accompanied by a brief account of the various factors that affected female artists at the time. Images from the museum's permanent collection are browsable by historical period and there is information about a selection of artists from each period. The holdings include work by artists such as: Elisabetta Sirani; Lavinia Fontana; Angelica Kauffman; Camille Claudel; Georgia O'Keeffe; and Frida Kahlo. This stunning collection also features the work of female silversmiths, embroiderers and photographers. The site publishes information on forthcoming and past exhibitions, and the museum's admission charges, opening times and location. Of great use to researchers is the research centre and library with its extensive holdings of artists' books, archives on women artists and over 18,500 resources.
The website of 2National Museums Liverpool2 is collective, featuring eight first-class museums in Liverpool: Liverpool Museum; Walker Art Gallery; Lady Lever Art Gallery; Sudley House; Merseyside Maritime Museum; Conservation Centre; HM Customs & Excise National Museum; and the Museum of Liverpool Life. Established as National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside in 1986, as one of the twelve national museums in England and Wales, the organisation changed its name to National Museums Liverpool in April 2003. The website is easy to navigate and provides information for teachers planning school trips to the various establishments. It also serves as a good introduction to and preview of the museums, providing links to the websites of each of them. There is information about forthcoming events taking place in the galleries and museums, and special features on current exhibits. The newsroom section keeps the user up to date with local news and events. The site is very user-friendly and colourful, providing practical details and serving as a showcase of chosen exhibits. The National Museums Liverpool is supported by annual grant-in-aid by the Government through the Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS).
This is the website of the National Portrait Gallery in London. The Gallery's aim is to collect images of famous British people, and a database of enlargeable images from the Gallery's collection is available on the website. At time of review, the database had details of over 102,000 portraits from the Gallery's collections, almost 54,000 of which were accompanied by images of the works. The database can be searched or browsed by sitter or artist. The website also has general information about the gallery and its history. Details of touring and forthcoming exhibitions are listed, along with essays on present temporary exhibitions and information about all exhibitions from 2000 to the present day. The site provides details of lectures, events, publications, educational programmes, and the Heinz archive and library.
This is the website of the UK's National Puppetry Archive, part of the The British Puppet and Model Theatre Guild. The Archive curators are Michael Dixon and Ray DaSilva. The project is supported by the National Lottery. At March 2010 the website has basic details of the Archive's aims and participants, links to a database of the archive (hosted by the eHive service), contact details, and a small but useful set of links to other organisations active in UK puppetry history.
The website for the UK's National Videogame Archive contains basic information about the NVA, which was launched in October 2008. The NVA is... "a joint project between the National Media Museum and Nottingham Trent University, which aims to celebrate that culture and preserve that history for researchers, developers, game fans and the public." At November 2008 the website contains a basic profile of the NVA, contact details, a FAQ, and details of how to become involved. There is an associated NVA website, www.savethevideogame.org, which contains the NVA's call for archival materials. The NVA websites will be a useful starting point for those interested in the ways in which interactive new media can be conserved and archived for future generations. In future years it may also be of interest to those seeking scholarly texts on the history of videogames and game cultures.
The nature of Islamic art is a The Metropolitan Museum of Art special topic website that focuses on the description of the main features of Islamic art as used in architecture, furnishing and general design. The main features include: calligraphy; vegetal patterns; geometric patterns; and figural representation. The site devotes a separate section for each feature and gives a detailed description of its origin and its historical development. Each section is supplied with some superb pictures which can be enlarged. In this site there is also an ample reference to all the historical periods that contributed to the development of Islamic art. They include: Islamic era; Ayyubid; Fatimid; Abbasid; Ottomans; Mamluk; the Crusades; Byzantium; Safavids; the Sasanians; Seljuq; Tang; Han and Ilkhanid. The site provides description of these periods and illustrates their main role in Islamic art with maps and pictures. This is a truly good site full of valuable information not only for students and specialists in Islamic art but also for interested people from the general public. The site is well-structured and enhanced with maps and some beautiful pictures. The site also supplies information about art exhibitions at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Neo-Victorian Studies is a peer-reviewed electronic journal concerned with the re-imagination of the nineteenth century in contemporary culture. It brings together an interdisciplinary editorial board to ensure a broad approach, but the main focus of the ejournal is to discuss the neo-Victorian novel and historical fiction (and film). The first issue includes articles on the emergence of Neo-Victorian Studies as a research specialism, essays on spectrality, mourning, and steampunk, and an interview with the best-selling author Sarah Waters. The journal aims to produce two or three issues a year, and is freely available. It is possible to download the individual articles as a PDF file.
Published by Proquest Learning in association with the British Library, The Nineteenth Century website hosts an online catalogue of over 30,000 19th-century works available on microfiche at the British Library. The database can be searched as a whole, or browsed by headings including: women writers; children's literature; books on British colonization; Ireland; linguistics; publishing; and evolution and creation. In addition to these categorised listings, the site offers features such as book reviews (of 19th-century books) and links to 19th-century subjects such as the history of the top hat. Search results return full bibliographic details along with the fiche number of each work. The project is ongoing, and is not expected to reach its conclusion until around 2017.
Nineteenth Century Studies is a journal dedicated to interdisciplinary studies in American, British, European, and Imperial colonies' nineteenth-century history. Essays and reviews in literature, architecture, visual arts, music, science and ideology can be found within this journal. To read the articles a subscription is needed. However, the user is able to search the tables of contents (dating back to volume one in 1987). Topics come from many scholars in subjects areas such as Charles Dickens, Imperialism, Cholera, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Nonconformists, Classicism, Tennyson, Comic Strips, Art Nouveau, Impressionism, and many more.
'The Nordic Network for the History and Aesthetics of Photography' is an organisation of Nordic academics, supported by the The Nordic Research Board (NordForsk). The website is in English, and contains five years of full-text English-language conference proceedings in PDF form. Example titles from the conference papers include: 'Individual and Type: early ethnographic photography'; 'Righteous Images: the Pictorial Guidelines of the Swedish Touring Club 1933-43'; 'Stars from TaiK? Photographic Education in Finland'; 'Battles over Photographs of Children'; and 'Walter Benjamin and the Historical Index of Photography', among others. The website also has details of the members of the Network, and the Network Commitee. At April 2009, the Network does not appear to have held any events since their Paris conference in 2007.
The Northern Ireland Environment Agency website provides information about heritage sites and historic monuments in Northern Ireland. Of interest to the Arts and Humanities students is the section "Built Environment", which features information on building preservation and conservation and provides links to the following sections: Listed Buildings; Buildings at risk; Monuments and Buildings Records; State care monuments; Scheduled Monuments; Maritime Heritage; Defence Heritage; Archaeology. Also here information about events, grants, legislation and Strategic Environment Assessment (SEA) can be found. The site provides information on the listing and grading of buildings, links to relevant organisations and collections pertaining to the area and its historic buildings and information about legislation. On the main page, among the quicklinks, the "Places to Visit" section is probably also of interest as it has information about a variety of buildings and monuments such as Navan Fort, Tully Castle, Carrickfergus Castle, and Grey Abbey among others. Each place can be accessed by clicking on its name on the interactive map.
The website "The Norwich Blackfriars Online: A Web-Based Guide to the History and Buildings of England's Most Celebrated Dominican Friary" is a complex project dedicated to "most complete English friary church and convent buildings to survive intact from the medieval period". The project was carried out by researchers from the University of East Anglia with support from the AHRC and other institutions. The site is designed to make young students interested in the history of the building and the Middle Ages, and it uses uncomplicated language, is easy to navigate and has keywords with cross-references in all sections of the site. The main page introduces briefly the history of the Dominican order in Norwich; the "contents" explains in detail what the site contains in each subsite. These subsites are: Guide; Buildings; Resources; More. The guide explores in more detail the history of the Black Friars and their convent in Norwich and follows it to present day. Buildings and Resources hold excellent information on the Black Friars complex of buidings, with interactive images, plans and original archival documents. Related websites, information about visiting the Norwich Black Friars and information about the team who created the site are provided in the "More" section. This web page is a good example of how history can be approached interactively and with the use of the latest technology.
'The Obakemono Project: a gaijin's guide to the fantastic folk monsters of Japan' is a comprehensive and well-designed website which is effectively a free online encyclopaedia of "animated objects, transformed animals, ogres, demons, and human freaks" found in historic Japanese culture. These monsters are also known as "yokai (yoh-kye), or bakemono (bah-keh-mo-no)". There are 86 individual entries at May 2008. These entries each contain a serious and scholarly text, with footnotes and references. Each is also illustrated with elegant original artwork depicting the monster. All the artwork used appears to be by the same artist, possibly the author herself, since the artist is not credited. There is a feature where users can choose to have images used for Japanese text. There is a list of selected books and external websites. There is a public discussion forum containing around 4,000 posts at May 2008. This may be a useful website for those investigating monsters in contemporary Japanese culture such as film, manga, videogames, and the culture of company mascots, and for those seeking to understand older forms of Japanese folk art, architecture and literature.
'The Oblique Strategies' website contains historical details of all versions of this creative tool, and also details of where to obtain software versions of the system and the fifth version. There is an overview of the first, second and third editions, with quotes from Brian Eno where he describes the earlier systems. One of his descriptions is of the set is "over 100 cards, each of which is a suggestion of a course of action or thinking to assist in creative situations". There is also a long essay on the fourth edition of 'Oblique Strategies: One Hundred Worthwhile Dilemmas' (1996). There is an additional 'Oblique Stratigraphy' page which uses a visual form to show the fate of individual strategies between versions. The Oblique Strategies card set plays an important part in the history of British popular music from 1975, and was also used by some U.S. bands whose albums were produced by Eno. The set may also, in some way, have foreshadowed computer-based hypertext systems. This will be a useful website for those investigating proven methods of generating creative outcomes in arts production.
'Oscar Gustave Rejlander: art photographer' is an online essay about "the father of art photography" Oscar Gustave Rejlander, researched and written by Bev Parker of the Wolverhampton History & Heritage Society. The website has a detailed outline of Rejlander's life and works, with sections on the early years in Sweden and Lincoln, the 15 years that Rejlander spent in Wolverhampton prior to achieving success and moving to London in 1862, his role as a member of the 1st Wolverhampton Volunteer Company, and his later years in London society. There are useful illustrations, although the photographs are small. The essay gives only two references.
This website documents the special collections and archives held at Oxford Brookes University. Individual collections are described, and items in them may be searched for through the library’s online catalogue. The collection reflects the history of the institutions, together with its strengths in research, and is notably strong in material relating to the history of medicine, cartography, twentieth century literature and the food, drink and hospitality industry. Collections are supplemented by a number of important archives, including the National Brewing Library, the Museum of Modern Art Oxford collection (now Modern Art Oxford) and Man Booker Prize archive.
The Penrhos Trust website provides information on the Penrhos Trust which aims to rescue historic farm buildings that are in danger of becoming lost and reviving them with ecological and organic food businesses. The website provides information about the history of the trust, the first building they restored (Penrhos farm buildings), objectives of the trust and membership and donations. The links page provides links to ethical and environmental related websites including food companies, university archaeology departments and government organisations. There is also a news page, and suggestions for possible new uses for old farm buildings. In the previous events section transcripts of "Heart-to- heart" (in html and some in PDF formats) meetings, held annually to discuss food and the environment , are available.
The website "Pevsner Architectural Guides" contains the series with the same title, founded by the architectural historian Sir Nikolaus Pevsner (1902-1983), which is an indispensable resource for students and enthusiasts of the architecture and building history of the British Isles. The volumes are now in the process of revision and augmentation more than 50 years after the first one appeared in 1951. This official website of the Pevsner series was launched in 1998 by the Buildings Books Trust in collaboration with Yale University Press. It provides valuable information on the progress of new editions of existing volumes and of the new series of city architectural guides, while also offering a series of fascinating short accounts of the history of the series and the social and intellectual background of its creator, by a variety of leading art and architectural historians. There is also a page of judiciously chosen websites providing a wide conspectus of online resources for the architectural and social history of the United Kingdom. This site will benefit professional historians, archaeologists, and architects, as well as interested students and laypersons.
'PhotoResearcher' is an online publication of the European Society for the History of Photography (ESHPh) and is a scholarly full-text ejournal. Issues are in English. At March 2010 there are 12 issues online, freely available for download in PDF format. As an example of the range of contents, issue 10 (September 2007) contains articles on: Wolf Suschitzky; Emanuel von Friedrichsthal; Sarah Choate Sears; 19th century Iranian portrait photography; and the socialist 'purification' of the Czech history of photography. The magazine is professionaly presented, with a colour cover and interior black and white photographs. Pictures are displayed clearly at a reasonably large size, and are presented without watermarks. The most recent issue is available only in paper form, and thereafter is placed online. At a time when the history of photography is seriously undervalued and neglected in most universities, PhotoResearcher is a most valuable addition to the range of ejournals in art history.
Picture Stockton is an online repository of over 2,000 images of Stockton-on-Tees, from the eighteenth to the twentieth century. The site is published by Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council and all of the images are taken from Stockton's Reference Library Local History Collection. The images are largely photographs, although there is a number of sketches and drawings from the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The images can be searched by keyword or browsed by category. The categories include aerial photographs, art and architecture, churches, uniforms, domestic, industry, leisure, schools and shopping. All the images are accompanied by captions, which site users can also add to.
'Pingame Journal' is the main independent print magazine "covering the world of pinball". This commercial Journal's website contains details of current issues, back-issues, and has four sample articles and interviews. The magazine covers actual arcade tables, original PC pinball games, and software emulators for vintage tables. The magazine also reports on conference and expo events. There is a useful short 'Breaking pinball news' page, which contains current news at May 2008. This magazine will be a useful contact point for those seeking to examine matters such as: the history of pinball table art; game designers and the place of skill and 'flow' in game design; cinema film tie-ins; the ways in which a 'mass' entertainment industry can move into luxury 'craft' niches to survive severe market challenges; and other matters related to the rise and fall of the pinball industry.
'Points of View: Capturing the 19th Century in Photographs' is the website and online exhibition of a major exhibition at the British Library in London. The free exhibition ends on 7th Mar 2010. The curators have selected works from the rich and rarely-seen 300,000-item photographic archives of the British Museum (now at the British Library, which has since added to the 19th century collection) to ask of the 19th century: "Who was making the photograph and why?" The website contains an online exhibition grouped around eight themes, with images described in detail and offered either as zoom-able images or as small printable images without watermarks. There are also videos of early photographic techniques, an active and illustrated weblog, and useful external Web links to newspaper and magazine reviews of the show. There are also details of the hardback book published to accompany the exhibition.
'The Poster War' is an online exhibition of forty-six posters by allied artists of World War I, hosted by the Royal Alberta Museum, Canada. The posters can be viewed as part of an exhibition tour or selected individually by title or thumbnail. The exhibition is loosely divided into three parts. The first part compares the propaganda symbols which were used to identify and vilify the enemy with those which were used to unify and encourage allied society. The second investigates the use of the soldier on the battlefront as a universal propaganda image. The third illustrates various home-front themes that serve as objects of the propagandist. Some of the more intriguing posters reveal the changing role of women during the war; others - in particular those exhorting people to buy war bonds - provide an insight into the economics of wartime. The website is simple to navigate and the images are beautifully reproduced. This would be of interest to students studying the impact of the First World War on the home front.
This website is intended as a teaching resource for educating students in the uses of wartime propaganda. It consists primarily in a gallery of American Second World War (1941-1945) posters that were designed to galvanize public support for the war effort. The posters span a range of themes and didactic approaches, and are categorised according to messages they attempt to communicate - one representing approaches used in rallying American public support for the war (American strength and patriotism), and the other, darker side that fostered fear and suspicion, showing the the grim reality of war. The site includes information for integrating the project into the American education system, as well as recommending teaching activities, and providing a worksheet for students. Despite the focus on secondary education, the site may be of interest to more advanced students as the source images may be reproduced free of copyright restrictions.
This is the website of the Public Monuments and Sculpture Association (PMSA), a registered charity, which has been working since 1991 to raise awareness among the public and the authorities of the rich heritage of monumental art of Britain from all periods by encouraging cooperation among concerned individuals and supporting conservation and education projects. The society founded the National Recording Project (NRP) to catalogue every piece of public sculpture in the British Isles, including architectural decoration, and to create both a permanant digital archive and a series of regional monographs (the Public Sculpture of Britain series published by Liverpool University Press). The online database contains thousands of entries (many with photographs) of notable public sculpture arranged by region with a user friendly selection of images on the main PMSA page. The resource includes a selection of the various projects supported by the society (including the production of a handbook for the use individuals and groups responsible for the preservation not just of sculptures but archives and studio remains of artists). The Save our Sculpture initiative uses a series of regional cases studies to highlight the constant threat to the sculptural heritage of towns and cities around Britain and encourages local individuals and groups to get involved in the conservation movement. The website also provides membership details and information about society events. There are also links to the websites of other public art organisations. This resource will benefit art and architectural historians as well as archaeologists and social historians interested in the relationship between monuments and public memory. Images from the resource are additionally deposited with the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS).
The Radical Designist (ThRAD) is a full-text open access ejournal, published from Portugal. The peer-reviewed articles are predominantly in English. At November 2009 there are four issues online, freely offering articles as an HTML introduction and full-text PDF files. Example article titles include: 'Graphic Design and Revolution in Mexico, the 60s'; 'Reading Science Fiction Novels as an Architectural Research'; 'Forms of Persuasion: The Visual Rhetoric of Design Artifacts'; and 'Psychic Automatism and Nonlinear Dynamics: Surrealism and Science in the Architecture of Coop Himmelblau', among others. This free journal will be of interest to those in architecture, product design, and graphic design. It will also interest design historians, especially those interested in radical European design in the 20th century. The journal has full details of the editors and the international Editorial Board. The journal is accompanied by a printed version, titled 'The Reader's Designist Magazine'.
'Re-picturing the Picturesque' is a website which documents Darryl Baird’s three-day retracing of William Gilpin’s famous 1770 tour up the River Wye valley, on the western borders of the West Midlands of England. Baird's trip was funded by two grants from the University of Michigan. The fourteen day trip was documented on a daily blog, which includes photography and personal reflection. The most valuable part of the website is to be found on the 'Past' page, where there is a concise illustrated account of William Gilpin’s trip, his picture-making equipment, and the effect he had on British tourism and ideas about the presentation of Picturesque landscapes. This account is accompanied by an extensive 'Picturesque Bibliography and Sources', to be found on the 'Reference' page.
're.bus: a journal of art history and theory' is a full-text peer-reviewed postgraduate ejournal, published from the Department of Art History and Theory at the University of Essex. The journal seeks to... "present new research and fresh perspectives on art and its histories as well as related aspects of cultural theory". At April 2009 there are two issues online. Example article titles include: 'Dialogues with Diagrams: Francesca Woodman's Book, some disordered interior Geometries'; 'Paint and Pedagogy: Anton Ehrenzweig and the Aesthetics of Art Education'; 'Allegorical Impulses and the Body in Painting'; and 'The Other Side of the Gaze: Ethnographic Allegory in the Early Films of Maya Deren', among others. There are also exhibition reviews, in the second issue. The website has details of the Advisory Board and External Advisory Board. This is a welcome addition to the range of free ejournals in 20th century art history.
Part of the Beckfordiana website, which is dedicated to the English novelist, art collector and politician William Beckford (1760-1844), this is a collection of letters from the artist Henry Venn Lansdown (1806-1860) to his daughter, Charlotte, in which he describes his encounters with Beckford. The letters provide detailed descriptions of Beckford's home in Bath, including Lansdown Tower and the remains of Fonthill Abbey, as well as Beckford's collection of works of art by famous painters and artists. The Centre international d'etude du XVIIIe siecle, Ferney-Voltaire has provided this online scan of the limited edition published originally in 1893.
The Web Site "The Reformation and Counter-Reformation" is a simple and useful brief summary of the Protestant and Roman Catholic movements in the early modern period. The site is a good crib-sheet for A/AS level students, as it provides a quick overview of a subject that sees a new book appear virtually weekly. The author condenses the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries into one paragraph per topic, including: The Reformation and Art; Martin Luther; Europe Divided; The Visual Arts; Architecture; and the Aftermath. The site displays the usual West European bias, with little mention of Central or Eastern Europe.
The Renaissance Connection website explores innovations from that period using artwork from the Allentown Art Museum, Pennsylvania, and humorous sound effects and Flash animation that owes much to the work of Terry Gillian and Monty Python. The resource is an exemplar of how a museum can grab the attention of secondary school students, and support the work of their teachers. It was a finalist in the competition for Best Museum Web Site Supporting Educational Use in 'Museums and the Web 2004: Best of the Web', and was awarded an honourable mention Muse Award in the Art category, 2004. 37 art works from the Museum's Samuel H. Kress Collection of European art, teaching resources such as secondary school lesson-plans for teachers and links to Internet resources, an interactive timeline and maps, are all arranged into themes of the Renaissance such as: The Quest for Knowledge; The Arts and Architecture; Patrons and Lifestyle; Everyday Life; Science and Technology; Trade and Exploration. For example, in the "Be a Patron" activity, students can role-play the commissioning of an artwork, while "Time Telescope" allows them to trace today's innovations, such as digital cameras, back to their Renaissance roots. The site also includes links to relevant Web resources and a glossary. A simplified HTML version of the site provides access to all of this, although the whistles-and-bells of the Flash site are more dynamic and eye-catching.
The website 'Renaissance Secrets' is published by the Open University and the BBC as a companion to a series of short programmes about this period of history. Subjects covered include the architecture of the dome of Florence Cathedral; Venice; Italian Renaissance medicine and healthcare; and the question of whether Gutenberg really did invent movable type, as has usually been believed. For some of the subjects, full transcripts of the programmes are provided. There are also reading lists, together with biographies of the academic experts involved. The course also includes interesting insights from non-academic experts, such as Daniel Libeskind and Cecil Balmond. Additionally, there are links to pages on four major historiographical approaches, including those connected to Marxist theories and women's history. The website is obviously intended to be used in conjunction with courses on the Renaissance, in particular that of the Open University. The subjects are not covered in depth, but the site serves as an entertaining and basic introduction to the topics covered. The site is well laid out, and excellent images are also interspersed with the texts.
The Research on Wren website was created by Dr. James Campbell at the Martin Centre for Architectural and Urban Studies, University of Cambridge. The site provides a helpful outline of the life and works of Sir Christopher Wren in four main sections: a biography on Wren, details of his scientific work, details of his architectural works and a bibliography. The biography of Wren gives details of both his professional and personal life. The scientific works section provides a list of Wren’s papers and experiments. The architectural works section lists Wren’s works by date of construction, by location, by type of building and by current state of the building. Other features of the site include a list of relevant links and a list of the latest updates, the most recent being in 2002.
The Royal Observatory and the National Maritime Museum have teamed together to create this comprehensive subsite dedicated to the holdings and activities of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich. The information on the site is manifold. The history of the Royal Observatory and events related to the International Year of Astronomy 2009 are present on the main page. Sections on the site are: Planetarium Shows; Peter Harrison Planetarium; Meridian line; 28-inch telescope; Time ball; Camera obscura; Observing evenigs; Astronomy galleries; Time galleries; and For schools. Each section has subsequent chapters with background information; history; aspects of physics or astronomy explainedl or answers to various questions related to time or observation of the skies. Photographs on the site and on Flickr! and 360 degrees panoramas accompany the text. The online learning resources were stil under development at the time of review. This site introduces an exciting place to visit and offers a great deal of information to anyone interested in astronomy, physics and time reckoning.
The website of the Ruskin Library at Lancaster University provides details of the Library's: collections; access; and catalogue. Illustrated details of current and past exhibitions at the Library are given, as well as links to the Lancaster University Library catalogue and images relating to Ruskin and his work. The site also provides access to a Ruskin Bibliography (1939-2009 at the time of writing) in PDF format and links to Lancaster University's Leverhulme-funded online electronic edition of Ruskin's 'Modern Painters' and AHRC-funded electronic edition of Ruskin's Venetial notebooks (1849-50). This site would interest students of: art history; architecture history; and English literature.
The website 'Russian Museum' is entirely dedicated to the treasures of the State Russian Museum (St. Petersburg, Russia), which boasts the world's largest collection of Russian fine art of all historical periods and development tendencies. The collection includes Russian icons, paintings, graphics, sculpture, numismatics, drawing and water-colours, applied and folk arts, and modern arts. The museum was opened in 1898 and was Russia's first ever state museum of fine art. Although it is a museum of world importance, it would not be an exaggeration to say that it is visited primarily for its picture gallery. By going into each of the 10 sections of the museum's collection users can read about this particular part of the collection and view images associated with it. For example, the section "Painting" includes images of pictures by Aivazovsky, Bryulov, Levitsky and others. The site also covers some past and current exhibitions, as well as those held abroad, and two virtual exhibitions: Kazimir Malevich and Jesus Christ in Christian Art and Culture (14th to 20th centuries), for which a special plug-in is required. The site also provides visitor information.
The website of the Scottish Society for the History of Photography (SSHoP) contains information about Scottish photographers from the 1840s to the present day. There are three short texts that give a brief but reliable overview of the photography of the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries as it happened in Scotland. There are details of the David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson bicentenary celebrations in 2002, and the pages for this event feature the full-text of an extensive 'Bibliography of David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson' (2002). There are also details of the Heritage Lottery-funded 'D.O. Hill Correspondence Project', and a search interface that allows visitors to search the full-text of the 'D.O. Hill Correspondence Database' containing copies of the letters of this famous early photographer. The SSHoP website also contains all the details one would expect to find on the website of a major historical society, including details of lectures, events, and publications such as the SSHoP annual journal 'Studies in Photography'.
The Scottish Cultural Resources Access Network (SCRAN) is a collection of over 300,000 images, sound files and movie clips selected from over 350 museums, galleries, media organisations, and archives. It principally covers Scottish material culture and human history. All resources are copyright-cleared for educational use. Subjects covered include: archaeology; architecture; art and design; art history; cultural studies; ethnology; history; literature; and media studies. Its extensive suite of learning materials includes: pathfinders (concise illustrated histories on various topics); the curriculum navigator (a tool to help teachers find SCRAN resources on specific subjects in the Scottish or English National curricula); and the schools' topic bank (a list of topics and related resource packs which can be used to support study or research). In addition, the FE/HE section contains practical advice (including how-to guides, search tips, FAQs and access to software tools), teaching ideas and examples of learning materials created using SCRAN resources. Non-subscribers can search the whole resource base for free and see thumbnail images and a basic caption, but to access the full content, users of SCRAN need a personal or institutional subscription. A free monthly trial is available, and SCRAN is available to UK HE/FE institutions at a subsidised rate under a national license agreement negotiated by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This description is based on that supplied by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
This site is one of several by Bob Speel which are devoted to the art and architecture of nineteenth century Britain. His guide to walking through the Marylebone area illustrates how the various sculptures provide a point of comparison between nineteenth-century and twentieth-century design. The walk goes from Great Portland Street Station to Baker Street, best known as the fictitional residence of Arthur Conan Doyle's character, Sherlock Holmes. This website would be useful to anyone studying or researching architecture in London and also to English students to familiarize themselves with the London streets and buildings immortalised by writers. It looks at many of the buildings that make up the area, and their architects such as John Nash (1752-1835), most famous for the Brighton Pavilion and also responsible for Regents Street, Marble Arch, and Trafalgar Square, and Robert Adam (1728-1792), who is most famous for the facade of Whitehall. The walk goes through Cavendish Square, former home to George Romney and Sir Joshua Reynolds, amongst other historic figures. The site is a single scroll-down page, but has highlighted links to explanatory details and references.
This website describes a devised walk through Hyde Park, particularly paying attention to the sculpture along route. It would be of use to art history students, tour guides, and architecture students. Beginning at Marble Arch, designed by John Nash (1752- 1835), the author describes the history of London monuments along the walk as well as describing their styles and providing links to brief biographies on the artists responsible for them. You will find information on Nash, Richard Westmacott, the Wellington Monument, Decimus Burton, Hyde Park Corner, J.E. Boehm, Alexander Munro, the Albert Memorial, and George Gilbert Scott: twenty sculptors in total. There are several images of the items discussed on this site.
This website is the outcome of a project, part funded by the AHRC, to document the traces of colonial (and specifically British) settlement of South Africa’s Eastern Cape. Through photographs of the built environment of small towns in the area, documentary photographer Peter Metelerkamp examines both the continuing “visible influence of colonial presence” and traces its passing and contemporary social change (less than 10f the regions rural population is of white settler descent). The website “is not intended to offer an apologia for the settler project, nor to celebrate its demise; rather it is an invitation to reflect on its character”, and it contains some 81 elegaic images of ‘settler country’.
This Web page gives access to a free ebook version of the book 'Shades of Light: Photography and Australia 1839-1988'. The original 218-page book was written by Gael Newton, and was published in 1988 by the Australian National Gallery. The online version is divided into chapters, covering the history of photography in Australia. These short chapters are not illustrated, despite much of the material under discussion being in the public domain due to its age. There is also one chapter missing from the original printed version. This is the final chapter: '14: Contemporary Photographic Practices' which was written by Helen Ennis. This version of the book, despite its online limitations, will be of interest to those seeking a reliable overview of the history of photography in Australia.
Chris Mawson's website, dedicated as it is to the history of the Shell County Guides, holds particular value for those interested in the poet John Betjeman (1906-1984) and the artist John Piper (1903-1992), many of which were edited and written by them. The guides, from their beginnings in 1934 to their demise in 1984, were designed as comprehensive yet chatty introductions to the architectural topography of individual counties, and were aimed at the interested amateur or local historian. Mawson charts Betjeman's involvement with the guides from start to finish, and cites the poet's impressions and opinions on their effectiveness. The guides have since become something of a rarity, and Mawson gives advice on collecting them. There is also a comprehensive bibliography of the Shell series with informative comments from Mawson on their genesis and reception.
SINE is a lottery-funded online database of searchable images featuring the architectural and structural heritage of Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Durham and Teesside in the North East of England, much of which has been threatened, significantly altered or destroyed as a result of economic developments in the past 30 years. The site was a project of the University of Newcastle on Tyne. The photographs are divided into a series of key categories which illustrate various aspects of the historic environment such as industrial architecture, public monuments, the social history of Newcastle and the North East and the archaeological heritage of the region. The photographic corpus derives from a series of public and private collections. The Stafford Linsley Collection of industrial archaeology is complemented by aerial images from the Norman McCord Collection and several artistic representations of buildings and working activities by Victorian 'gentleman' painter William Henry Charlton (1846-1918). The project also includes news items relating to the SINE archive and its work, including stories relating to the state of preservation of buildings featured in the archive which complements the important section documenting construction and demolition within the project area. The database can be browsed or searched by a wide range of categories such as structure type and materials (based on the English Heritage NMR Thesaurus) and location. An interACTIVE Zone presents the material in an attractive and fun way, in which children can explore the gallery or take learning journeys. Other projects include the digitising of the Lambeth Palace Library archive of church plans. The projects is now concluded and the site has last been updated in 2004. This database has a broad potential constituency of users, from architectural and social historians to mediaeval and post-mediaeval archaeologists and heritage management professionals.
This website discusses and uses digital images to display the practice of illustration in nineteenth-century books. The timeline begins in the early nineteenth-century with William Blake to establish the tradition of illustration. William Blake is by far one of the most important illustrators in the eighteenth and nineteenth-centuries, and influenced artists such as William Morris, who was largely responsible for the Arts and Crafts Movement at the end of the nineteenth-century. The inclusion of written words within illustration became a nineteenth-century convention largely through Blake's influence. This can be seen in Pre-Raphaelite illustration and Walter Crane's work "The Decorative Illustration of Books" (1896). Other illustrators considered are Henry Ryland, Alice Havers, Elihu Vedder, Robert Anning Bell, W. Graham Robertson, Charles Ricketts, and Harold Nelson. This site, part of a larger personal webpage run by Bob Speel, which deals with the broad history of book illustration.
The Southworth Spanish civil war collection website contains detailed bibliographic information about this vast collection available at the Mandeville special collections library. The Southworth collection contains a broad range of materials collected throughout the Second Spanish Republic, the Spanish Civil War and during the 1940s. It includes rare, and some unique, material from all sides involved in the war: histories; memoires; propaganda pamphlets; journals; newspapers; posters; and manuscripts. It also includes commentaries reflecting non-Spanish views on the war. Two particularly interesting features on this website are a collection of over 600 drawings by Spanish children from c.1938 and a collection of propaganda posters. Both are available to view online and contain background notes.
The website Second World War is another excellent resource from the Spartacus collection aimed at A and AS Level History students. The site is easy to navigate and provides links to sections in a tabular form. The usual subjects are covered, such as Nazi Germany, political leaders, major offensives, the Armed Forces and military leaders. However there are also substantial sections on war artists, photographers and journalists, scientists and inventors, and the Home Front. There are various essay questions and class activities included within this encyclopaedia, which is a comprehensive source for reference, revision and teaching various aspects of World War Two. Descriptions of, and narratives concerning the events, leading protagonists and organisations pertinent to the period are supplemented by the texts of primary source documentation and a rich variety of links to pertinent external websites.
The St Albans Psalter website makes available text and images from the medieval St Albans Psalter, with additional English translation, commentary and contextual information. The St Albans Psalter is an illuminated manuscript created in the 12th Century for Christina of Markyate, an anchoress at St Albans. The miniatures, painted by the so-called Alexis Master, are among the finest examples of English Romanesque painting. Essays on the site cover topics such as: Christina of Markyate and the Abbot Geoffrey de Gorham; iconography; codicology; the Alexis Master and the other artists; the scribes; miniatures; and the calendar. The book itself can be browsed by page, and viewed with commentary, or with translation. The reproduction quality of the pages is very high. A less extensive version of the site is also available in German. The site is a collaboration between the History of Art and Historic Collections departments of the University of Aberdeen, and has received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (now the AHRC) and the Faculty of Arts and Divinity at University of Aberdeen. Anyone studying or researching medieval iconography; manuscripts; or history would find this impressive site of interest.
This is the website for St Peter's Project Barton-upon-Humber. St Peter's Church, Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire, lies on the south bank of the Humber Estuary close to the Humber Bridge. Held as one of the most architecturally important churches in Britain, containing examples of Anglo-Saxon and Saxo-Norman overlap architecture, it has been subject to several archaeological excavations from the late 19th Century to the most recent between 1978 and 1984. Details of the excavations are presented with illustrations, and their results have enabled the construction of a full chronology of the structural developments of the church between c.970 AD and 1897 AD. Much of the text included is from "The Parish Church and its Community" written by Caroline Atkins, Hilary Cool and Warwick Rodwell. At the time of review some links were not working and some pages were missing.
The website "Staffordshire Views Collection" is published by the Staffordshire and Stoke on Trent Archive Service with funding from the Heritage Lottery Fund. The site is based on nineteenth century banker William Salt's collection of lithographs, drawings, watercolours, sketches and engravings of Staffordshire countryside and buildings, held at the William Salt Library. These images include works by T.P. Wood, John Buckler, Stebbing Shaw, and John Robert Fernyhough, and have been digitised for this project. The descriptions of the images can be searched by keyword, or the images themselves can be browsed by area or by theme. It is also possible to enlarge the images using Zoomify, although it is not the easiest of tools to use. A "My Album" option is offered for those interested to register on the site and save their searche results and images.
This website briefly outlines AHRC-funded work to create an international community of scholars considering “how streets shaped and informed the daily lives of urban communities in the past” and the contemporary resonance of this. The network will bring together researchers from many disciplines, including “art historians, architectural historians and theoreticians, planners, artists and critics, film-makers and an actor” to explore urban experience at the beginning of the modern era through the consideration of such things as gossip, street sounds, processions and protest.
This is a website published by a local history enthusiast, Simon Knott, which aims to catalogue all of the Anglican and Catholic churches in Suffolk, with descriptions and accompanying photographs. Currently there are around six hundred churches featured on the site, and these can be searched or browsed by place name. Each entry contains: a short history of the church; details of architectural changes made to the buildings; and location and access details, as well as Simon's personal view of the building and its features. In addition to the main catalogue, there are also: suggestions for further reading; a glossary of unfamiliar terms; and audio files of programmes and interviews the author has participated in for BBC Radio Suffolk. This site would be of interest to those studying church architecture (particularly medieval) and archaeologists.
The website 'Swansea Heritage.Net' provides access to the material evidence held in trust by Swansea Museum Service, to enable the interpretation of the history, pottery, industry, art, culture and natural environment of the Swansea and Gower areas. Swansea (Abertawe) is located on the mouth of the Tawe River in South Wales. It was a small market town until the early eighteenth century, when the coal and the copper industry began; tin, zinc lead, nickel were also mined and processed in the area. Digitised information and images of the objects from the Museums' collections have been presented under "Themes": Industry; the Sea; World War II; People; Archaeology; and Art and Culture. Each theme offers a brief introduction to the subject plus a list of sub-categories that help you to narrow down your search. These articles have images and detailed descriptions of the objects included. The section 'Swansea through the years' provides a searchable collection of images of Swansea buildings. The project launched this website with a chance to vote for Swansea's "greatest people", including: the archaeologist Colonel William Morgan; the poet Dylan Thomas; the explorer Edgar Evans; the broadcaster Wynford Vaughan Thomas; and the actress Catherine Zeta Jones. The career of fifteen of Swansea's greats have been described (briefly) on this site with a photograph/illustration and a voting button. The "Venues" section of the website acts as a gateway to Swansea's Museum Service including: the Swansea Museum; the Glynn Vivian Art Gallery; and the Swansea Maritime Museum.
Tales of the frontier: political representations and practices inspired by Hadrian's Wall is the website of a major Arts and Humanities Research Council project (July 2007 - Sept 2009), which is investigating the cultural and political meanings given to this famous Roman frontier system. The project will range in time from the Venerable Bede (8th Century) to contemporary tourism, and will draw on a wide variety of resources including works of art and literature. The website contains details of the project and staff. There are pages for news, publications and events. There are a small number of selected external Web links of relevance to the project. The project is based at the Durham Centre for Roman Cultural Studies, which is also developing the Hadrian's Wall Research Framework.
'Tarot and its history: Trionfi' is a large and detailed illustrated website on the early history of tarot cards, their art and use. It is edited by a group of ten researchers, whose main focus is into "the origin of Tarot in the 15th century". The website has details of the oldest known Tarot cards including new translations of documents from the Italian, a timeline, interviews, a list of scholars who have published on the topic, a very large gallery of cards, and reviews of recent scholarly publications. The website is large and complex, and it is best navigated via the website map. The website includes the free online 'Tarot and Playing Cards Museum', which includes scans of around 4,500 decks and image sets.
The Tate Archive website introduces this museum archive which was founded in 1969 and contains over a million documents relating to the history of the Tate Gallery and twentieth century British art. On the website the different collections and materials held in the archive are detailed, and some 4,000 items have been digitised and can be searched and viewed online. The website itself is divided into four sections, the Archive Collection, Archive Showcase, and Gallery Records. The entire holdings can be searched in the Archive Catalogue. The Archive Showcase features the digitised material, which relates to the Tate's history, the Bloomsbury Group, and Barbara Reise, and this can be searched by theme, media, and category. The Archive online section presents the microsites hosted by the Tate, containing papers and archives of individual artists: the archives of the Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA); the John Piper archive; Goshka Makuga archive; Audio and Film footage highlights; Prunella Clough; Bill Furlong; Christmas Tree; The Musgrave Kinley Outsider Trust; Donald Rodney; and the microsite dedicated to the Artist Placement Group.
Tate Online is the award winning website of the family of galleries that house the national collection of British art from the sixteenth century to the present day, including the Turner Bequest, and the national collection of international modern art: Tate Modern at Bankside, London; Tate Britain at Millbank, London; Tate Liverpool; and Tate St Ives. The website provides information on each gallery, and a tremendous depth of content (such as access to the Tate Learning and audio and video material, and the Tate's art collections including 50,000 images, details of the collection, a comprehensive A-Z artist listing, and details of current and touring exhibitions). It is easy to use to find more information about an artist or movement. The website was awarded Best Research Site, Museum Search Engine or On-line Database in the 'Museums and the Web 2004 : Best of the Web' competition, for the comprehensiveness of the online databases and search engines that provide detailed information for individuals and/or groups. Specific parts of the website also received nominations in the same competition: for Best Innovative or Experimental Application (Tate Britain : Cornelia Parker Cold Dark Matter : An Exploded View; and the Tate Collections : Insight); for Best Museum Web Site Supporting Educational Use (Tate Art Detective; and Tate Learning); and for Best On-line Exhibition or Activity Site (Olafur Eliasson : The Weather Project).
The website "Tate Online: Archive Journeys" is published as part of the Tate's website. It showcases content from the Tate Archive Online in three themed galleries: Tate History; Bloomsbury; and Reise. The first gallery covers the history of the Tate, from its foundation in 1897 to the present, the second looks at the lives of the literary and artistic Bloomsbury set in London, and the third follows the career of the American art critic Barbara Reise, who lived and worked in London during the 1960s and 1970s. Each of the galleries uses material from the Tate's archives, such as letters, photographs, and pictures, combined with a narrative of the subject. Each section also features a quiz. The level would be appropriate for school students and life-long learners in particular, but also for undergraduates.
'Tate Papers' is a full-text online journal published as part of the activities of Tate Research at the Tate galleries. At June 2008 nine issues are freely available. Articles are presented as individual pages in HTML format. The journal contains weighty scholarly articles on subjects in art history and art conservation. There are also reflective texts by contemporary artists. Recent articles have included: 'The Legacy of Interaction: Artists at the Imperial War Museum 1981-2007 ', 'Historically Accurate Reconstructions of Artists' Oil Painting Materials' (the summary of a four-year research project), 'Lines of Sight: Alfred Watkins, Photography and Topography in Early Twentieth-Century Britain'; and a special themed issue (No.8) on replication in art, with several bibliographies, among others. This is a useful and engaging electronic journal, which is published twice each year as an Autumn and a Spring issue. Users may choose to register with the website for email alerts for new issues and news of other Tate Research activities. The website also has a readable archive of 'emails to the editor', and details of how to contribute papers and articles.
The website"They Still Draw Pictures. Drawings made by Spanish children during the Spanish Civil War, circa 1938" is published by the Mandeville Special Collections Library at the University of California, San Diego, and it is part of the University's Southworth Spanish Civil War Collection. "They Still Draw Pictures" is the title of a book published in 1938 by the Spanish Child Welfare Association of America, which contained pictures drawn by Spanish children during the Spanish Civil War reflecting their experiences and concerns. A digital reproduction of the book is available on this site, including the original introduction written by Aldous Huxley. As well as the sixty drawings which were published in the book, also available on the site are a further 607 drawings by Spanish children that are part of the Southworth Collection. They are listed according to the places of origin, which are shown on maps: most of the come from the eastern regions of Spain, southern France while some have unidentified place of provenance. Images can only be viewed individually.
This website provides a gallery of images scanned from paintings and illustrations for the Thomas Pennant exhibition of 1998-1999, celebrating the life of the eighteenth-century Welsh travel writer and antiquarian. In addition to the gallery, the site provides biographical and bibliographical information about Pennant. The images are accessed consecutively, and are of a high quality, albeit rather too small to observe the detail in some cases. Most are from original works by Moses Griffith, although there are also some taken from the works of Pennant himself, as well as from artists such as Paul Sandby, Thomas Gainsborough, John Ingleby, and others. There are also some scans of frontispieces to Pennant's books.This gallery forms part of the National Library of Wales's Online Exhibition site, from whence a Welsh-language version of the gallery may also be accessed.
'Tiempos Modernos' is a peer reviewed electronic journal devoted to 16th, 17th and 18th century History, with particular emphasis on the history of Spain and Spanish America. The journal includes in its scope History of Art, Literature and Science, as well as political and socio-economic history. The journal aims to publish up to four issues a year, although the issues themselves may only contain three or four articles and thesis abstracts. Articles have focused on such themes as: the Irish presence in the Spanish army between 1580 and 1818; so-called 'hispanic rationalism' and its rejection of the practice of witchcraft in 17th century Europe; Inquisitional censorship and the reading of scientific books; and the struggle between university students in the Spanish Modern Age. Articles are available as either PDF or HTML, and may be written in Spanish, English, Italian or French (the majority are in Spanish). The site allows users to conduct searches across the articles, and links to the online discussion forum, 'Mundos Modernos'. The journal scope and submission details are outlined in full.
The website Tiles & Architectural Ceramics Society (TACS) introduces this association established in 1981 to encourage the study and preservation of the rich heritage of decorative glazed brick in the United Kingdom. One of the chief aims of the society is to produce a comprehensive online gazetteer and searchable database of all significant sites in the country (still in progress at the time of writing) and to provide support and advice on conservation for tile enthusiasts on a local level. Decorated tiles have been used in Britain since the Roman period but it was particularly with the explosion of church and cathedral building in the 13th and 14th centuries that they became an important feature of internal decoration. By the 19th century, the mass production of architectural ceramics extended their use to a much wider range of structures (both inside and out) including public buildings, commercial buildings, factories and gin palaces but also the more affluent private houses and public lavatories. The TACS website site provides a helpful and colourfully illustrated introduction to the history and usage of tiles, virtual tours of buildings and cities with notable examples (such as Poole and Newcastle) and relevant news items. Free downloads of files containing further information are also available. Other notable features include the 'Tile file' which documents the history of the most important industrial manufacturers of tiles (information for purchase is available), a useful page of links to various related websites (including much of wider architectural interest) and a guide to the journal published by the society. This resource will interest a wide constituency of users, including archaeologists (especially those concerned with mediaeval, post-mediaeval and industrial remains), historians of architecture and design, including researchers into the social aspects of building decoration, and heritage professionals charged with the preservation of the historic built environment. Some of the work-in-progress has not been updated in a while.
The New York Metropolitan Museum of Art's Timeline of Art History is an excellent online gallery spanning the entire history of the visual arts from the Palaeolithic to the present day, across all continents and cultures. It won the Museums and the Web 2005 Best of the Web: Best Research Site. The site is subdivided into chronological and geographical sections, each of which contains images of paintings, illustrations, sculptures, apparel, and other artefacts representing the characteristic styles and forms of the period in question, arranged along individual timelines. Each section also contains text describing the historical background and important events of the years it covers, along with links to relevant special exhibitions. Absolute dates for the prehistoric period and information on minor archaeological cultures should be read with caution, as new research can make obsolete such information fast. The presentation is usually of high standard, minimally biased towards European classical culture and Western art, with enlarged versions available of each image and a number of QuickTime video presentations. There are a number of special topics providing more detailed looks at particular facets of art history, and a general index of the site's contents. Special topics authored by experts in the field include: ancient cultures (Australian "Pre-Estuarine", Egyptian, Halaf, Ubaid, Minoan, Mycenaean, Phoenician, Jomon, Valdivia and others); African art, ancient near eastern art, colonial art of the Americas, Islamic art, and Greek and Roman art. The site also features a search engine and an extensive categorized list of links to external resources. This is a very useful reference tool for students, which is especially valuable for its aim of summarising cultural and artistic developments throughout the entire history and the whole world.
This Internet Archive page contains a free ebook edition of a public domain book by Richard Buckley Litchfield, titled 'Tom Wedgwood, the First Photographer: An Account of His Life' (1903). This scrupulous and scholarly biography includes a great many letters as well as the whole text of the famous 1802 paper "An Account of a Method of Copying Paintings upon Glass, and of Making Profiles, by the Agency of Light upon Nitrate of Silver". The book is a prudent and balanced work of scholarship based on a sound inspection of Wedgwood's well-preserved papers and letters, and thus it is still a valuable resource today. The author was not, however, in a position to evaluate either Wedgwood's metaphysical thought, or the influence of his 1802 paper between 1802 and 1839 - recent scholarship has since overturned his assumptions on both topics. The author appears to have been brave enough, even in 1903, to drop numerous heavy hints about Wedgwood's likely homosexual nature. The book also contains a significant amount of information about Wedgwood's patronage of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, although it would seem likely that Coleridge scholars have since overtaken the account given here. The book has been professionally scanned from a copy held in the library of the University of California. In PDF form (38Mb) it overlays copyable and accurate OCR text over scans of the original pages. There is an index.
'topografik' is the website of British artist-designer Loz Simpson. Simpson creates talking maps, tactile arts projects, and tactile accessibility maps. He has produced tactile interpretations and installations at major visitor attractions, and has worked with the Royal National Institute for the Blind and national museums such as the Wellcome Gallery. His website contains illustrated examples of ten projects, and details of forthcoming public talks by Simpson. This is a relevant website for academics exploring issues of arts and heritage accessibility, and will also interest curators.
Part of the collection of the National Gallery of Art in the United States, the website provides an overview of fifteenth century Florence, together with a detailed examination of six paintings from that period, including works by Fra Anglico and Filippo Lippi. Each painting has a full description and it is possible to access details of its provenance, its exhibition history, and a bibliography.
This is the website of Town and Townscape: The Work and Life of Thomas Sharp, a project at Newcastle University funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. Thomas Sharp 1901-1978 was a key figure in town planning in the mid-twentieth century. This project has made a unique collection of the personal papers of Sharp accessible through archival cataloguing and conservation. The Web page is easy to navigate using links on the left and there are sections detailing Thomas Sharp's life, a very interesting and relevant bibliography, details about Sharp-related collections in other public libraries, and associated works. The Web page is well put together, easy to use and of value to both urban historians and town/urban planners in general.
This enthusiast's website makes available online portraits and images of sixteenth century English monarchs, and English and European noblemen. Each of the Tudor monarchs, Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I, Elizabeth I, and Stuart King James I and VI, is represented with a selection of images accompanied by brief information about the artist and the date it was painted. In addition to the royal portraits, there are five other sections with pictures of English, French, German, Spanish and Italian nobles, including a large number of works by Hans Holbein (1497-1543). The images are all of a good quality, and can be viewed as large thumbnails or as full-screen images.
This website gives online access to the UCLA archive of animations from the silent era of cinema. At May 2010, 11 vintage films from 1900 to 1928 are freely available for online viewing. Also available are commentaries from the preservationists involved, film notes, and information on the historical context. A Study Guide is available for download in PDF format. This website offers a fascinating view into a time before animation became standardised, enabling researchers to detect influences from cartoons, stage theatre, sideshows, puppetry and shadow puppetry, children's model theatres, magic-lantern shows and other forms. Films are also available for download in either MPEG2 or MP4 format, and at a reasonable size, making them useful for close study in the classroom. Unfortunately, individual films cannot be bookmarked, making it difficult to reference them exactly in scholarly discussion. Nor can they be embedded to play in weblogs and suchlike. The project was enabled via a grant from The National Film Preservation Foundation.
Open to all, this society brings together past and present Art History students at Birkbeck, University of London, offering lectures, study days and tours, extending members’ knowledge of the history of art. The website includes a listing of forthcoming events, details of the society’s publications and information on joining and attending society activities.
The University of Toronto Art Journal full-text graduate ejournal, with one issue online at June 2009. The journal publishes... "selected student papers from the Department of Art's annual graduate conference" and is published with the support of the Department of Art. Articles are freely available online in PDF format. Articles are in English and titles include: 'Captivity and Encounter: Thomas Pellow, The Moroccan Renegade'; 'Travel, Architects, and the Postwar Grand Tour'; 'The Role of Detective Fiction in the Construction of Turkish Identity'; and 'Temptations of the Flesh: A Discussion of Gustave Courbet's Origin of the World', among others. The website has details of the editors, and Editorial Team.
'Untold London: discover the art of London's diverse communities' is a website showcasing the variety of exhibitions to be found in the capital. The website is served with content via the popular 24 Hour Museum web service, edited from the London Museums Hub, and funded by the Museums and Libraries Association. Untold London serves both as a listings and "What's On?" service, and a guide to collections and venues. At June 2009 the service was up-to-date, and delivered in English only. There is a sophisticated search facility, able to search for London exhibitions by ethnic group, nationality, or religious affiliation. The lesbian, bisexual and gay section is seemingly limited to just one page, and these groups do not feature on the otherwise sophisticated search options. Despite this limitation, Untold London is a polished and practical website for those seeking to discover the variety of cultural history exhibitions that London is able to offer.
The Victorian Art and Design website contains a basic overview of the Pre-Raphaelites, and Fin de Siècle artists. While it is broad, the information if introductory, and this website would be more useful to those without a background in Victorian art. The author of the website has included Edward Burne Jones, William Morris, the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Aubrey Beardsley, and James McNeill Whistler as the main components of art during the Victorian period. While there are other equally important artists and movements, these few examples are perhaps the best known. Within the websites pages, there are many links and further information given on lesser artists linked to the aforementioned artists, as well as places of interest, pieces of work, and influences. The author has provided a list of publications for further interest.
This website by Bob Speel explores the construction of Victorian fountains in London. As public spaces developed and became popular, so too did the design and building of fountains and Cattle troughs throughout the city. Fountains came in both the drinking fountain form as well as the grand designed fountains seen in many gardens and monuments. While some of the fountains were plain and utilitarian, others were ornamented works of art. This website discusses many of the artists who designed and built the more elaborate fountains. There are links to artists' biographies as well as descriptions and images of places of importance. This website would be useful to those studying the evolution of London, or studying Victorian London architecture. The site also contains additional information on fountains outside of London.
The Victorian Society is engaged in the protection and preservation of Victorian and Edwardian architecture and other arts. Founded in 1958 by a group of concerned individuals including John Betjeman and Nikolaus Pevsner, the Society promotes the study and awareness of Victorian architecture, and lobbies government for changes in the laws which protect the built heritage of England and Wales. The Society's website includes membership information for individuals and corporations, with an online application form. It also provides information about regional groups and contacts. An events section provides news of upcoming visits, walking tours, and lectures. Such events happen on a regular basis and those interested in taking part are advised to apply in advance, with preference being given to Society members. The site also hosts a FAQ Advice Notes section, offering suggestions to students studying Victorian culture and researchers interested in finding out more about their houses and about Victorian styles, ornamentation, and internal features. There is a list of the Society's publications, and a page of downloadable reports (in PDF format). This is a popular Society with membership targeted at the general public. The Society does not have a library, but students and researchers may wish to consult their comments on listed building consent applications or their reports on matters affecting conservation and architectural history.
Victorian Station is a website that provides an overview of: architecture; art and literature; interior design; and fashions popular in 19th-century transatlantic culture. Serving chiefly as a hub for non-academic Victorian enthusiasts, reenactors, and home decorators, this website nonetheless gives some invaluable insights into the daily lives of 19th-century British (and American) citizens for those studying the period. Materials are divided into: Arts and Literature; Associations; History; and Lifetstyle categories. The site is well organized and has a search function, but users should note that popup adverts are used to support the website.
The website "Victorian studies" is the page on the Inscribe, Indiana University Press/Journals for one of the most well known journals for Victorian study in art, literature, social history, politics, economics, law, and philosophy. The journal is published quarterly by the North American Victorian Studies Association. While a subscription is needed for Victorian Studies and all its articles, the table of contents of latest issue is listed with various articles for which abstract can be consulted for free. There is a combination of active electronic and print subscriptions; past electronic or print issues can be purchased online through this site. The website gives more information about the journal in the following sections: title information; abstracting and indexing; editorial details; and submission information.
This website accompanies a multi-disciplinary project to investigate the lasting significance of the Viennese café. The project is a joint venture between Birkbeck College, London, and the Royal College of Art, and is funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. Research focuses on "the historical, cultural and artistic complexity of the Viennese café as an urban space in order to better understand the culture of cafés, both past and present. Attention has long been focused on Paris as a cradle of modernity and artistic modernism. Through its focus on the Viennese café, this project aims to redefine our understanding not only of the arts in Vienna, but also of modernity and modern life more generally." The website provides: an outline of the project; an events programme; information about the project conference; details of publications, news and comment; links to related research sites; contact information and details of project staff.
Villa d'Este is a webpage created by the Tivoli tourism board about the famous Renaissance villa. It offers photographs, descriptions and historical information about the building, gardens and its original owner Ippolito d'Este II. Although the English translations can be confusing at times, they are very thorough and written from a particularly well informed architectural viewpoint, which makes this a very worthwhile site to visit if studying Villa d'Este. Although it is hard to source exactly where the information has come from, there is an extensive bibliography, and the facts seem accurate. This villa is useful to study because the design of its grounds changed the history of the Italian Renaissance garden. The villa itself was designed by architect and archaeologist Pirro Ligorio and it references and incorporates pieces of nearby Villa Adriana. The building and gardens are designed upon elaborate symbology and iconography of Greek and Roman mythology. Over time the villa has been contributed to by many craftsmen and artists as well as Bernini. The site is easy to use and divided into "the villa", "the palace" and "the gardens". "The villa" gives a historical overview as well as bibliographical information about Ippolito. "The palace" gives more detailed architectural information about the building. "The gardens" is the most extensive section, as this is really why the villa is so famous. An important step in the history of the Renaissance garden, they are based both on complex symbolic narratives, (in the layout and artwork), and science. The huge number of fountains that the villa is renowned for were at first fed by an aqueduct built for the purpose. When this was found to be inadequate, a 600m underground canal was constructed beneath the town. Notorious parts of the gardens include the Baroque Organ Fountain, which used water to play music, and the Avenue of 100 Fountains.
The website Virtual Tour of Oxford was designed by Dr. Karl Harrison and students, funded by the University of Oxford's Access Initiative and includes Inspector Morse's Oxford; JRR Tolkien's Oxford (exploring some of the favourite places of Oxford resident JRR Tolkien, author of The Lord of the Rings); and virtual walks around the University Park, Iffley Village, and St Giles. For the less sober-minded there is also a virtual pub crawl featuring over 60 of Oxford's famous hostelries. The site is regularly updated and features tours of Oxford University's famous architectural jewels - its myriad colleges. The project is in the process of placing panoramas of all of the colleges online, but at the time of cataloguing had not completed the task. Other buildings such as museums and institutes of oustanding architectural value are also features, such as Norman Foster's Social Studies Building. The site is of use to those interested in local history and gaining an insight into Oxford's architectural and cultural history. This magnificent site holds over 1200 panoramas and requires Macromedia Flash.
A Visual Tour through Late Antiquity provides a selection of images of artistic evidence and material remains from the 4th to 7th centuries. The prime focus of the website is late antique Gaul at the time of Gregory of Tours (538-594) but context is provided by a variety of other images. The collection is divided into five sections: Late Roman court and aristocracy; Imperial art of 6th century Ravenna; Gallic art of the 4th, 5th and 6th centuries; Frankish art and artefacts; and Royal grave goods. The Visual Tour through Late Antiquity was originally compiled for the use of students at the Nipissing University (Canada) but it also provides a good general introduction to some famous late Roman and early Frankish images and artefacts.
'Vive la difference!: the English and French stereotype in satirical prints, 1720-1815' is an online exhibition from the Charrington Print Room of the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge, England. The website contains a 4,000 word illustrated essay on the topic, including notes on relevant publishers in London and Paris, and on the techniques used. Large and sharp images are available, with James Gillray especially well represented. The author of the essay appears not to be credited, but elsewhere on the Fitzwilliam website one can download the exhibition booklet in PDF, and this seems to credit the text to Elenor Ling, Documentation Assistant. This PDF also contains a useful reading list on the topic (Adobe Acrobat Reader software is needed to access the PDF).
This is the website of the War Memorials Trust (formerly the Friends of War Memorials), a Registered Charity devoted to the care of war memorials of all dates and types across the UK. As well as information about the organisation, such as its patrons and officers, events and news, there is a long list of links to relevant websites. These include: veterans' organisations; archives, repositories and museums for research; links to personal websites and histories for the Anglo-Boer War, the First World War, Second World War; as well as links to resources about remembrance in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, from across the UK.
'War, Literature and the Arts' is a full-text ejournal, published from the Department of English and Fine Arts at the United States Air Force Academy. At April 2009 there are 11 issues freely available online, with additional tables-of-contents for issues from 1989-1999. The journal offers scholary articles, poetry, fiction, personal accounts and memoirs, interviews, and reviews. Example article titles on British topics include: 'Henry V: Shakespeare's Just Warrior'; 'Ghost Imagery in the War Poems of Siegfried Sassoon'; 'Victory from Defeat: The War Office and the making of Dunkirk (Ealing Films, 1958)'; ''We Will Remember Them': The Poetic Rewritings of Lutyens' Cenotaph'; and 'Siegfried Sassoon, Fellow-traveler: Poetry, Socialism, and the British Veterans’ Movement'. The website can be searched by keyword. The journal is also available in paper form, and the website has details of back-issues and subscriptions. There are also details of the aims, editors, Editorial Board, and submissions process.
The homepage of the Warburg Institute Library provides information on the collections of this impressive library that specialises mainly in the History of Art; Religion; Science; Philosophy; and Social and Political History. The library is particularly renowned for its holdings on the Renaissance and Humanism. With holdings of over 350,000 volumes, the Library, based in Central London, also has around 2,500 runs of periodicals. There is a complete microfiche edition of 4,800 pre-1800 volumes of the Cicognara collection in the Vatican Library. Another significant collection is the Holkham Hall Manuscripts, from the library of the Earls of Leicester, which contains classical, patristic and humanistic texts. The libraries of the Royal Numismatic Society and the British Numismatic Society are also housed at the Warburg. The website lists the subjects covered in the collections, links directly to the School of Advanced Study catalogue listings in that subject and displays the items held at the Warburg. Practical advice and information on using the library and access to collections are also provided.
The website "The Weald and Downland Open Air Museum" provides information on and illustrations of nearly 50 buildings of historic importance which date from 13th to the 19th century. It has won a variety of awards such as Museum of the Year and Community Museum of the Year. Information is also provided in French, Dutch and German. The complex also features period gardens, woodland walks and farmsteads. The buildings have been rescued from destruction and carefully reassembled and include: a timber-framed farmhouse; a market hall; a medieval shop; a granary; and workshops. This is a wonderful resource for studying local history, or the practicalities of life in the period. Essential insights into social and cultural history can be sparked off by watching the everyday practices and rituals that were part of particularly pre-industrial community life. There are displays of practical crafts taking place in the workshops and many of the buildings' interiors have been refurbished according to the style of its period. There is a virtual tour of the complex, and provisions are made for educational programmes for all levels from schools to an MSc in Timber Building Conservation. The centre also hosts courses on historic building conservation, traditional country skills and recreational courses. There is a timetable of the courses online. Courses include topics such as: the sixteenth century dairy; making pottage (including a look at Tudor social structure and its impact on food); historic gardens and their various uses in the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries; as well as workshops in practical skills such as ploughing with heavy horses.
The official 'Alternative Miss World' website documents an alternative art performance event that has been held in London, England, from 1972 until 2004. The website appears to have been last updated in 2004. The website is organised by year, and each year has its own page with a short text written by impresario and host Andrew Logan, and pictures from the event. The event attracts an international group of performers and costume designers, and has been notable for cultivating the set-design, costuming and film-making talents of artists such as Derek Jarman, who made a film of the event (Miss World, 1973) and who won the event in 1975.
The website of the 'Powys: a day in the life' is a digital history project, based at the Powys County Council Modern Records Centre, in Mid-Wales. This attractively designed resource focuses on Monday 6th April 1891 (the day of the national census), and seeks to compare life then in the former counties of Montgomeryshire, Radnorshire, and Breconshire, with life in Powys on 24th September 2002 (when the project encouraged the people of Powys to contribute to an online diary for that one day on this website). The website offers a snap-shot (in Welsh or English) across the community in the late nineteenth century: school lessons; crimes being tried for in the courts; health care; the great houses; the world of work; clothing; food; and entertainment. Timelines for 1891 and 2002 provide context. The project is led by Powys Library and Archives department, with partners from all that county's museums (Brecknock, Powysland and Radnorshire), and the major local history societies of Powys.
'The website What is a Map? A collection of unusual maps from Maps: Finding Our Place in the World' is a 2007 online exhibition from the University of Chicago Press. It features journey maps, maps of vice and virtue, slavery maps, imaginary maps, and 'handy' maps. Short scholarly texts accompany each map, and maps are presented in high-resolution in 'zoom-in' form. One of the maps is by British artist Bernard Sleigh ('Anciente Mappe of Fairyland', circa 1920).
The website "William Dowsing" makes available online the full-text of William Dowsing's 1643-1644 journal, which documents his activity inspecting churches and removing superstitious imagery from Suffolk and Cambridgeshire churches. The site is based on a print publication of Dowsing's diaries, although the online version only offers the text of Dowsing's diaries, and not the additional chapters on iconoclasm in seventeenth century East Anglia, Dowsing's life, and the notes on individual churches that feature in the print version. The online journal can be viewed in two ways, with frames and a place name index, or the diary can be viewed chronologically without frames or an index. This is a great resource for historians of iconoclasm and religious change in the 17th century, as well as for local historians and religious historians in general.
This is the website for the William Morris Gallery, part of the London Borough of Waltham Forest's Lifelong Learning services. The gallery was the family home of the Arts and Crafts artist and designer, William Morris (1834-1896). The site provides detailed information concerning the gallery's history, opening hours and facilities, such as education resources and gallery shop. In addition there are several online exhibitions related to Morris, Morris and Company and his work, including stained glass, tiles and photographs. The site contains several photographs and illustrations, both in colour and in black and white. Each image is accompanied by information about the item. The website also maintains a small selection of links to other pages of interest.
IThe website "The William Morris Internet Archive" is an enormous project in which the Marxist Internet Archive are making available on the web everything the founder of the arts and crafts movement, writer and socialist William Morris (1834-1896) wrote on politics, art and design, architecture, society, as well as his poetry and novels, including a full-text version of his utopian romance 'News from Nowhere'. Initiated by the late Nicholas Salmon and continually augmented by his colleagues, the archive comprises of his articles on behalf of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, his lectures to the Social Democratic Federation and the Socialist League, his tracing of the development of society in 'Socialism from the Root up', his preface to John Ruskin's 'On the Nature of the Gothic' and foreward to Thomas More's 'Utopia' as well as his criticism of Edward Bellamy's 'Looking Backwards'. Clicking on the desired title in the chronologically arranged index brings up a further menu with a listing of chapters, sending the reader to an easily downloadable HTML version of the text, complete with an accompanying Morris wallpaper pattern along the text's margin. From the main menu, readers can also access a brief biography of Morris and a photo-gallery.
The William Morris Society website provides a range of information on the life and works of William Morris and his associates. The site includes a short biography of Morris, details of places associated with Morris and portraits of Morris and his contemporaries. The site contains images of designs created by Morris; these include textiles, wallpapers, stained glass and book arts. These images can, however, be slow to download. The site has details of Morris's writings with some links to full-text where these are available on the Internet. The site also has a bibliography which contains details of works relating to Morris, biographies, critical studies, decorative arts and on Morris and the book arts. Information is also available on collections which hold his work. The William Morris home page has a section with links to other William Morris websites and to discussion groups. There are details of the William Morris Society: contact details, how to join, publications and copies of the US newsletter from 1988 onwards. The site is relatively straight forward to navigate due to its fairly clear structure and there is an index which further aids navigation.
The website "Women and Books : From the Sixteenth Century to the Suffragettes" has been adapted from an exhibition of the same title at the University of Glasgow. It features sections on: books written, translated, and compiled by women; books for, and about women; books owned, illustrated, or published by women; and books on women's education. This exhibition and website reminds us that women, although rarely prominent in the earlier period of publishing as authors, still had a role to play as: dedicatees; patrons; collectors; or readers of books. The books that were on display are accompanied by a paragraph of commentary and full bibliographical detail, with some excellent images of folios. There is also an interesting section on suffragette literature. This virtual exhibition would be of interest to those studying the history of the book, or involved in gender studies.
Women who Ruled is website supporting an exhibition developed by the University of Michigan Museum of Art. The exhibition explores the visual representation of female power in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and comprises over 100 works of art. The website includes a virtual tour, being a series of 360 degree images of each gallery, and an illustrated gallery guide. Selected images with accompanying text are also available via ten stories, with subjects including Aphrodite, Christina of Sweden, Elizabeth I, Joan of Arc and Judith. The works of art represented online include Paris Bordone, 'Athena Scorning the Advances of Hephaestus'; Guillaume Martin, 'Portrait of Catherine de' Medici'; 'Royal Grant showing initial "E" with miniature of Queen Elizabeth I'; Fede Galizia, 'Judith with the Head of Holofernes'. The exhibition supports the University of Michigan's Literature, Science & the Arts theme semester, "Gender, Power, and Representation".
The Women's History section of the WWW Virtual Library, part of the WWW VL History Network, is maintained by the Netherlands Economic History Archive in Amsterdam. It contains links to organizations, archives, libraries, museums, research institutions and resources around the world on the history of women and gender - including a list of women's studies journals. As well as browsing the links by category and in alphabetical order, it is also possible to search the collection of links, and using the same search engine you can interrogate other resources hosted by the International Institute of Social History, (including: Labour History; Labour History News; Labour History Journals; Economic and Business History; LabNet; Asian Labour; Dutch Company Archives; Digital Social History; Alternative Germany; Russian Archives; Communist Posters; and Art to the People). Although this resource is presented in HTML only, the links collected here can be viewed using a Lynx Text Browser, accessible via the History Network's Central Catalogue. The collection is kept up-to-date, and statements such as "New", "Updated" and "Lost" identify recent changes.
The website "Ancient Near Eastern Art" introduces this collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, which possesses one of the largest and most significant collections of Near Eastern artefacts in the world. This beautifully produced and easily navigated website provides an excellent guide to these holdings for both the general public and the professional academic. The collection can be searched in a number of ways, from a series of 50 highlighted objects selected by the museum or via a search engine which allows you to store a personal collection of search results for future research. Each record provides brief but informative descriptions of each object together with a high quality illustration which can be viewed at a variety of scales from thumbnail to full screen size. The Heilbrunn timeline of world art history which accompanies the entire museum collection, presented as an attractive interactive world map, situates the objects in their wider chronological and cultural context. This resource is a fine example of online museum publishing and will interest a wide public from the interested amateur and school children (and their teachers) to university level students and researchers of ancient Near Eastern art, archaeology and history.
This is the website of the World Monuments Fund, a New York-based non-profit organisation dedicated to preserving and protecting endangered works of historic art and architecture around the world. The World Monuments Fund compiles a list of the 100 most endangered sites every two years. This list is published on the website and is viewable by a clickable map. Each site has a short entry with photograph and a description of the site, its history and the threats to its survival. A page lists information on specific projects sponsored by the World Monuments Fund. A news page has articles relevant to the World Monuments Fund's activities. Another page describes the Jewish Heritage Grant Program, a project responding to the widespread neglect of the rich architectural heritage of Jewish communities around the world.
The World of Russian Folk Art is an online exhibition designed in an American-Russian cooperative effort. It draws its content from several Russian museums: State Historical Museum, Moscow ; State Historical Art Museum-Reserve, Sergiev Posad ; Abramtsevo State History, Art and Literature Museum-Reserve ; State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow ; Russian Museum of Ethnography, St. Petersburg ; Art Pedagogical Museum of Toys, Sergiev Posad ; and the Ethno-Folkloric Center, St. Petersburg. There is a short summary of the collections of each museum on the site, with appropriate links. Participating curators are listed. The site highlights artworks and music tied to traditions of daily life in the Russian countryside in the last century. The exhibition begins with photographs of northern Russian villages and shows examples of typical architecture. There are also good photographs and long descriptions of ornamental details and interiors. Woodcarvings include a beehive carved in the shape of a bear. Pieces depicted are predominantly painted objects ; woven fabrics ; embroidered clothing and textiles ; pottery ; tools ; and toys. Some sections include music samples.Most examples date from the nineteenth century but reflect far older traditions. The site has a map of Russia from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. There is a subsite devoted to contemporary folk artists.Beautifully illustrated and easy to navigate, this site would serve as an excellent teaching tool and prove of interest for researchers and the general public. The exhibition provides a multilingual bibliography.
The Art and History of Florence and Tuscany website is an online guide to the art and architecture of Florence. It provides a comprehensive overview of the churches, monuments, museums, last supper frescos, famous artists, and Medici Villas of the city. There is also a glossary of art terms and an art history of the city from its beginnings to the present day.
This website describes the special collection of archives, manuscripts and rare books held at the University of Exeter Library. Whilst the collection exists to underpin the scholarly activities of the university, it is particularly strong in Arab and Islamic studies, visual culture, English literature (particularly that connected to South West England), Victorian and Imperial studies, and collections of religious and church parish material. These are described on the website, together with the current state of their documentation, and access arrangements. The website also includes information about exhibitions in the Special Collections Reading Room at the university, as well as links to related fine art and film resources also held here.