This online essay entitled "Why Study History?" is published by the American Historical Association on their website. Written by the respected American historian Peter N. Stearns this piece outlines the importance of history in education and to society in general, and why it should be studied. The essay is divided under several headings, exploring the importance of studying history and the many ways it feeds into our understanding of the current world. Amongst the themes are the role history plays in helping us to understand people and societies, how it helps us to understand change and how society is created, and its contribution to moral understanding and the formation of identity. A further section discusses the skills students of history acquire, and how these can be applied to employment, and the essay ends with a short bibliography of further reading. This essay, although written in 1998, could be useful for those thinking of further study, to teachers and promoters of historical research, and for those contemplating historiography.
Directed and run by German professional historians, the Arbeitsgemeinschaft ausseruniversitärer historischer Forschungseinrichtungen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (AHF) was founded to further historical research. The site attempts to inform both professional historians and the public at large about all areas of historical research. The home page has a menu with helpful information, including a long list of links to institutions that are members of the AHF. There is another outstanding list of links that are essential for historians who work in German history. The AHF has two main publications. The first, the Yearbook of Historical Research (Jahrbuch der historischen Forschung) provides information on current historical research being conducted in Germany. The second, "Historical Bibliography" ("Historische Bibliographie") provides an annual update of all historical publications which appear in Germany, or are published outside Germany but are written in German.There is a page (Forschungsberichte) which lists current and recent authors of articles and article titles from the Yearbook. The site provides a link to a full online version of the Historical Bibliography, with entries from 1990-1997. However, the link is not clearly evident. Otherwise, the Historical Bibliography has easy search options and comprehensive information.Beyond this, the site provides information on conferences, museum exhibitions, and contact names and addresses for further information.The site has an English translation of its introduction, but all other pages are in German.
'Archivo y memoria' is a historiographical portal developed by the Spanish Railway History Archive and the Spanish national research council (CSIC). Its main goal is to facilitate interaction between researchers of cultural and historical memory. The portal acts as a means to disseminate information about the activities promoted by 'Archivo y Memoria'. Among these, the most important are the annual conferences which this research institute organises since 2005. Available on the site are the list of papers given in each of the conferences; and in some cases the abstracts, and even electronic versions of the whole paper and/or images used in presentations. Users should note that even though the entire site has been translated into English, most papers are in Spanish only. Some topics covered in the conferences include: Memory, Identity and Audiovisual Sources; The CSIC Archive Collections: Places of Memory; and Memory of the Ephemeral. The website also has a 'Proyects' section, but at the time of cataloguing it was still under construction.
The website "The Australian Centre for Public History" provides information about projects and research carried out at this research centre (ACPH) at the University of Technology, Sydney. The aims of the Centre are to promote public history in both the public sphere and in academia and to provide funding, advice and teaching for those interested in public history. It serves both as a focus point for historians and for the institutions, companies, industries, local community groups, and local authorities who wish to record or document various aspects of their history. ACPH is particularly interested in how Australians learn about their history. The Centre offers opportunities for public historians, such as community or consultant historians to interact with and have access to other professional historians and also runs workshops and conferences. The Centre publishes the "Public History Review" which can be read with a free of charge subscription. Past and current research project can be consulted on the site.
The BBC website "BBC - History Trails - Local History" provides basic information on how to go about becoming a local historian. There are extremely interesting and helpful tips, in the form of essays, on how to extract information from the local resources that surround us. Essays address the use of census returns, local architecture, types of sources (printed, archival, oral and physical) and how to read older documents. The site is a useful tool to get those interested in their local history started. The site is organised in trail sections, which provide examples of: how to trace the history of a factory; how to read the history of a landscape; rural history; and urban history. There are also links to other BBC History sites. The site is useful for the general public but also for undergraduates embarking on primary source research. There is good advice about the realistic choices that have to be made when beginning a research project, such as the size of the topic, ancillary skills needed and time factors.
The Bibliography and Methods in Medieval Studies website is an online course outline with detailed bibliographies and links to resources for bibliographic research in medieval studies. The site is divided into sub-sections, representing the topics covered each week in the course, including: general bibliographies and Internet sources; medieval history sources; ecclesiastical sources; Latin authors and texts; interpretations of the Bible; the liturgy; hagiography; iconography; manuscript research; science; and popular culture and folklore. Each section is linked to a bibliography, covering "the major reference guides, encyclopaedias, bibliographies and electronic databases". Some of the links to electronic resources are only available to students and staff of the University of Illinois, but those that are freely available are worth looking at. There are also eight library exercises designed to train the undergraduate medievalist in the scholarly tools which make the discipline possible.
The 'Boethius in early medieval Europe' website provides an overall view of a project based at the Faculty of English, University of Oxford. The project aims to investigate understanding of late Roman culture as appropriated by Anglo-Saxons. In particular the project will focus its attention on Anglo-Saxon versions of the 'De Consolatione Philosophiae' (On the Consolation of Philosophy), by Boethius (480-c.524) and aims to publish a new edition of the Alfredian Boethius complete with glossary, commentary, and translation. The website gives details of: the project's aims; the makeup of the advisory board; and contact details for project staff. This project has received funding from the Leverhulme Trust. This site would be of interest to those researching Boethius and the transmission of his work.
CELT Corpus of Electronic Texts is a large online collection of Irish cultural, historical, and literary texts (in: Irish; Latin; Hiberno-Norman French; and English). The works range from early medieval pieces through to 20th century literature. They are accompanied by: introductions; translations (where possible and necessary); and scholarly bibliographies. Images are also part of the presentation. On this site, users may: download fonts for Irish script (GaelA and GaelB); use the experimental search interface; browse texts by language; read more about the TEI, HTML, and SGML markup of the texts; and view chronologies and bibliographies of particular Irish scholars.
The "Census Bicentenary" is a website produced by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). It consists of articles and images of documents (the majority in PDF) outlining the history of the modern census to mark the bi-centenary of the UK national census (1801-2001). It is an introduction to Census taking for a general readership. The ONS, together with the former Public Record Office (now National Archives), present stories and facts to reflect the great changes which had taken place during the last two centuries. A set of 'Area Monitors' provide a local view of census taking since 1801, with statistics over the last 200 years of the census datasets, helping to paint a picture of the changes in your area, such as the numbers and types of people; the industries and jobs. As well as an exhibition to demonstrate the reality of 'Coronation Street' or Albert Square ('Eastenders'), a 'Hall of Fame' displays Census forms of famous and notorious celebrities - actors, writers, scientists, politicians and reformers from census taking in the nineteenth century, released, along with all other forms, as public records after 100 years of strict security.
The Centre for Contemporary British History (CCBH) is a research department of the Institute of Historical Research, University of London. Their site provides information about conferences, seminars and publications produced by the CCBH and others on contemporary British History. Access is also provided to primary source material and related data from their extensive witness seminar programme - also branded 'Oral History Programme' on the website. These are group discussions led by a scholar, in which key individuals revisit an important event or development in the recent past. are being built up into an online archive. The texts of many of these discussions and the associated papers are made available through this site - some for free (just require you to register and login), others will be posted to you on CD for a fee. Seminars already online include: Anglo-German Relations and German Reunification; Britain and Europe; 'The Poor Get Poorer Under Labour': The Validity and Effects of CPAG's Campaign in 1970; the development of Concorde; the Rise and Fall of the Bretton Woods Agreement; the Development of North Sea Oil and Gas; the Origins and Establishment of the Internal Market in the NHS; the Resistance to the Poll Tax; Rhodesian UDI; Section 28 and the revival of Gay, Lesbian and Queer Politics in Britain; The Abortion Act 1970; the British Response to the Strategic Defence Initiative (SDI or Star Wars) in the 1980s; the Historiography of the Communist Party of Great Britain; Intelligence Services in the Second World War; The Nott Review; and the role of the British Embassy in Moscow, and in Washington; the Role of the Speaker in the House of Commons; the Move to the Sandys White Paper of 1957.
The Centre for Medieval Studies at the University of York website is the online home of one of the UK's largest interdisciplinary centres for research into the medieval period. The website introduces the centre and its courses, as well as providing information about the various medieval research projects hosted at the University. There is also: an online directory of staff and students at the Centre; a diary of forthcoming lectures and events; and links to other relevant websites. This site would be of use to students studying or contemplating the study of the medieval period.
The website CHCC: British history and the census consists of online teaching material that has been developed to support the use of the Historical Censuses Collection by the University of Glasgow in learning and teaching. This is freely available for use by UK higher and further education. This teaching resource improves access to the data amassed by CHCC (Collection of Historical and Contemporary Census Data) project by offering potential applications for census data. For example: understanding the nineteenth-century census; migration in ninetennth-century Britain; using the census for local history; household and family structure; work and employment; social status; urbanisation; and skills. The units show how to use widely available software like Microsoft Access and Excel with these worksheets. The CHCC project receives funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC).
Classical Historiography for Chinese History is a vast, searchable, online bibliographical database covering issues in Chinese historical research until the Qing period (1644-1911). The website lists English and classical Chinese language primary and secondary printed resources and websites covering topics including: sources for the Ming and Qing dynasties; a bibliography of Chinese classical literature in translation; biographical and dating aids; and a reference guide to classical book titles. The resource also provides a list of electronic resources of use to researchers, such as gateways to libraries, museum collections and Internet databases. The website is simple to navigate by means of the contents sections on the main page. Some of the electronic resources (such as that of the Palace Museum in Taiwan) are annotated with guidance for users. The bibliographical section also includes an extremely useful annotated list of dictionaries for use in research. The website uses Pinyin romanization, following Library of Congress guidelines. Although a number of research exercises for graduate students have been removed from the site, it remains an invaluable resource for any researcher with an interest in classical Chinese history, particularly for those dealing with documents in classical Chinese. The site is best viewed using Internet Explorer 5.0 and above or Netscape 6.
The website CLIOHnet2 is published as part of the Socrates-Erasmus Thematic Networks project. CLIOHnet2 is an acronym for the somewhat unwieldy title Consolidating Links and Innovative Overviews for a New History Agenda for a Growing Europe. It replaces the former CLIOHnet. The aim of the project is to encourage and utilise pan-European collaboration in the field of history. This is done through a series of workshops, meetings and task forces, the details of which can be found on this site. Also on the site is information about the members, latest news and a calendar of events. The site is not the easiest to navigate, the language in particular can be impenetrable, but this is nonetheless a useful resource for historians throughout Europe.
Cromohs (Cyber review of modern historiography) is a freely accessible, peer-reviewed electronic journal and associated website which aims to provide an online resource for the study and research of modern historical culture. The review, published annually, aims to include historiography, erudition, philosophies of history, methodologies of historical research and didactics of history, and to cover a period from the fifteenth century to the present. Each annual issue of Cromohs includes essays and reviews. An archive of previous issues is maintained on the site. The website has been building up an electronic library of historiography (Eliohs), which intends to make the full-text of classic works of historiography, methodology, historical erudition, theory and philosophy of history available. Eliohs also includes keyworks of historiographical debates, travel literature, relevant literary works and historical narratives. Research tools, such as indexes to literary periodicals and academic thesis are also included. Other features of the site include an annotated directory of useful online resources, a news section and an annual bibliography which can be searched. Cromohs welcomes contributions to the project and submission guideline are provided on the site.
'Historical Culture' is a website developed by the Spanish professor of Modern History, Fernando Sánchez Marcos. This is a very high quality resource for lecturers, students, and researchers of the relationship which societies establish with their past. Although it is written for a Spanish speaking audience, this should not deter English users as the site has been fully translated into English, whilst all materials provided here are given in their original language (mainly English; Spanish; German; and Catalan). In addition to an introduction to the concept of 'Historical Culture', the site offers an useful history of historiography from Greece to the present. This comes accompanied by a large bibliography of texts, which also grants access to their electronic edition. A list of historical novels and films is also provided. Additionally, there is a list of useful links, and a multimedia section with images; a short selection of videos; and links to external sites of historical maps.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the "Economists' Papers : a Guide to Archive and Other Manuscript Sources for the History of British and Irish Economic Thought, 1750-2000" dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the HDS as a tab delimited texts and DBF databases. From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. This resource consists of a document where details of the types of manuscripts, papers and correspondence for a selection of British and Irish economists for the period of 1750 to 2000 are shown. The main correspondents are identified, together with the quantity of letters and the period over which the correspondence lasted. The existence of relevant research material, such as printed biographical treatments of the subject, is also noted in this document.
The website "Elizabeth Murray Project: A resource site for Early American History" is an online resource for students and teachers at high school and undergraduate level. It is the product of collaboration between the California State University, Long Beach and teachers in the Long Beach Unified School District. The site looks at the life of Elizabeth Murray, a shopkeeper and importer in the United States during the eighteenth century. The contents include primary sources (protraits, maps, correspondence, business papers), a timeline of Murray's life, lesson plans, and bibliographies. Images can be enlarged and downloaded. The emphasis is on encouraging the understanding of history and critical thinking skills, and there is a useful section on how to read primary source material.
English Heritage is the main government body in England charged with the protection and management of archaeological and historical sites. The website "National Monuments Record thesauri", produced by the National Monuments Record (formerly part the Royal Commission on Historic Monuments of England now merged with English Heritage), is a well organised series of highly detailed thesauri to help professionals standardise the terminology used in describing heritage sites and materials when creating records for the public and professional domain. The hypertexted and fully searchable thesauri are comprehensive and encompass numerous discreet categories, namely : monument types; building materials; building and site type components; 'evidence' terminology designed to help in standardising descriptions of archaeological features such as stratigraphic relationships; archaeological objects; a variety of maritime heritage terms relating to shipwrecks, vessel types, cargo and marine toponyms; 20th century Defence of Britain sites. Also included is a link to the Forum on Information Standards in Heritage (FISH) and a guide to the wider concepts of the thesaurus for new users. This is an invaluable specialist resource which will interest anyone working in the heritage industry, including archaeologists and museum curators but also those from outside the sector (for example planners and business people) who need access to such reference material.
The website ESDS Qualidata (formerly the ESRC Qualitative Data Archival Resource Centre) at the UK Data Archive at the University of Essex provides a national service for the acquisition, dissemination and re-use of social sciences qualitative research data. It is a specialist unit housed within the UK Data Archive (UKDA) at the University of Essex. The website provides information about availability and access to qualitative research materials including nationally sponsored research. There is online access to the Datacatalogue, the searchable database of records of sources of qualitative data available in the UK, as well as the UKDA online catalogue. The website's reliance on ASP to deliver the online content sometimes affects pages loading correctly in some browsers. Some datasets are online at this site, and the searchable catalogue describes distributed sources of a wide range of qualitative studies. At the time of review, there were four classic sociology collections in the online ESDS Qualidata: 'The Edwardians; Mother and Daughter; 100 Families; Mothers alone. The UK Data Archive receives funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) and Economic and Social Research Council.
This is the website for a series of three AHRC-funded workshops in 2009, bringing together Neapolitanists and critically examine and rethink scholarship about the city of Naples, challenging dominant historical paradigms - the Grand Tour, the failure of the south – and promoting scholarship “across chronological and disciplinary divides”. The website includes details of each workshop, including abstracts of papers, and submission guidelines (at the time of writing the final two workshops were still accepting papers). Workshops are entitled: Exoticizing Vesuvius? The historical and intellectual formation of Neapolitan historiography; Topography and Piety - Naples Afflicted; Objects of Collecting in Naples and Naples as Object of Collecting. The project envisages outcomes published as a special issue of an academic journal.
This website offers a short introduction to the AHRC-funded research network, ‘Filming and Performing Renaissance History 1500-1660’. The network brings together scholars interested in the representation of the renaissance through film and performance, investigating a corpus which includes history films, period television dramas, museum exhibitions, reenactments and theatre. Members have a wide range of backgrounds and the intention is to develop a truly interdisciplinary and nuanced approach to the understanding of the early modern era in popular consciousness. The website details the programme of symposia and a conference which will underpin the network during 2008-2009, although as befits a project which (at the time of writing) is in progress, there no reportage of these, nor, as yet, the project’s promised online database.
The website "First Fleet Online" is published by the Centre for Educational Development and Interactive Resources, at the University of Wollongong. The site is concerned with the First Fleet, namely the fleet of ships that transported convicts from England to Australia for the first time in 1787, and has been designed to introduce primary source material to history students, although teachers and researchers can also use it. Available on the site is a database of the First Fleet convicts, which provides information on the age, gender, occupation, crime, sentence, date of transportation, place of trial, looks and behaviour, partner in crime, date of leaving the colony/of death, marital status and children of the people transported. Also featured are documents written by the 'officials' who travelled to Australia, such as letters, diaries and reports. Alongside the primary sources there are also sections on studying historical sources, and how to investigate a subject like the First Fleet.
The site "Fons (Forráskutatás és történeti Segédtudományok)" introduces online the Hungarian historical journal which focuses on primary source publication and auxiliary sciences. The review was founded in 1993 and the first issue published in 1994, with four issues being printed each year. The publisher is the Szentpétery Imre Foundation for Historical Sciences. The site presents the history of the review and the editorial team, as well as information about formatting the text and bibliographical references for prospective authors. The last issue (1999, no. 1-2) is publishe online in full version. Tables of contents of all printed issues (1994-1999) and two studies are also posted on the site.
Forum: Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research (FQS) is a peer-reviewed online journal for qualitative research, which began in 1999. FQS issues are published tri-annually in English, German and Spanish. All full-texts are available for free. Funding has been received from DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, the central public funding organisation for academic research in Germany) to extend the FQS into an international and interdisciplinary gateway qualitative-research.net. The aim of FQS is to promote discussion and cooperation between qualitative researchers from different countries and disciplines, including social science, history, linguistics, and philosophy. Issues are themed, and recent subjects include: Subjectivity and Reflexivity in Qualitative Research; Using Technology in Qualitative Research; Cultural Sciences; Qualitative and Quantitative Research; and Text, Archive, Re-Analysis. For example, an article in that latter issue is Problems of Archiving Oral History Interviews. The Example of the Archive 'German Memory. The full-text, sometimes in all three languages, is available in HTML and PDF. When the full-text is not translated from the original language an abstract is provided in the other languages of the journal. There is a discussion board linked to every article.
The Future Histories of the Moving Image Research Network is an AHRC-funded research network that aims to "address the issues of sustainability and historiography arising from the growing number of moving image arts database and digitised collection projects in the UK." There are full details of key members and participants, a statement of aims, and a timetable for activities during 2007 and 2008. The website also has details of a November 2007 conference "Future Histories of the Moving Image" at the University of Sunderland, England.
H-History-and-Theory is a moderated email discussion list which is sponsored by the journal History and Theory. The aim of the list is to increase and broaden communication between anyone interested in critical philosophy of history, speculative philosophy of history, historiography, history of historiography, historical methodology, critical theory, time and culture, and related disciplines. The list also accepts announcements about events, books, jobs, etc. It is possible to search and browse the message archives. The website provides links to other related discussion lists on the H-Net service, subscription information and some general information about the list. It is necessary to register before posting to the list.
H-Radhist is a moderated email discussion list focusing on the historical, theoretical and political issues which routinely emerge from the study of history from a radical perspective. The list is aimed at historians and scholars who approach the past from a radical perspective. This would include, for example, feminists, Marxists, neo-Marxists, post-structuralists, and radical democrats. However, contributions from historians outside of the left who wish to explore radical perspectives are also welcome. As well as contributions from subscribers the list editors also post information on events, features, book reviews, article reviews, and book announcements. It is possible to search or browse the discussion archives.
'Historia a debate' (History up for debate) is an international network of academic historians created to discuss the theory of history; historiography; and methodology. Although it is of an international nature, the group was created in Spain and the website is available in Spanish only. This should not deter those who don't speak Spanish as the group organises international conferences, and contributions are accepted in Spanish, English, and French. At the time of cataloguing, it was possible to access the list of contents and some abstracts for the conferences held in: 1993; 1999; and 2004. Some audio files and videos for past seminars are available on the site. The site also has a forum where historians from all over the world can contribute with their opinions on a wide variety of topics. There are several mailing lists, for which subscription is free. The site will be of interest to anyone interested in the theoretical aspect of writing history, be this within a Spanish, Latin-American or global framework.
The website "Historical Research in Europe" has been produced by University of Wisconsin-Madison in a collaborative venture between its libraries and the Center for European Studies. Aimed at helping students and academics intending to carry out historical research in Europe, as usual, coverage is restricted to Western Europe. The database can be searched by subject category, which includes: diplomatic archives/foreign relations; business/economics/labour; politics/political; science; art/architecture/photography; religious archives/church archives; audio-video/film; and colonies/colonial archives. The entire collection can also be searched by keyword. Searches can be saved and there is also a guided search facility. A useful, but selective guide to archives in Western Europe.
The website "The Historical Society" provides information about the Boston-based society and its journal "The Journal of the Historical Society". The society holds conferences bi-annually and awards prizes for books and theses on European and US history. There is a useful archive of journal abstracts from previous issues dating back to Spring 2000 and a selection of abstracts from a section called "Historically Speaking" from 1999. Articles are not published in full-text, but an excellent array of subjects are covered in the pages of the society's journal, which renders this site of interest to historians at all levels. There is a predominance of material relating to US history, as may be expected. The section on resources for teachers contains a good selection of website dealing with teaching history in schools, learning materials and lesson plans.
The History and Policy website is the result of a collaboration between the Institute of Historical Research, the University of Cambridge and The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The aims include to provide better historical perspective and knowledge for the current policy debate. Offering a range of papers which provide insights into current political topics from historical research, this is an easy to use resource which can be searched by theme, author or keyword. Via the What We Do Page you can access history papers, links to media coverage and join a network of historians. (H&P Papers provides links to the latest historical papers on the site which include the credit crunch, climate change and the environment, child-support, and British electoral history (such as 'Two Cheers for Democracy: involvement and interest in British politics since 1918' and 'The hustings, broadcasters and the future of British democracy'). The News page provides links to newspaper and radio coverage of historical issues. Journalists and politicians trying to contact a historian will find the Resources page most useful. Users can register, but this is not essential.
The History Cooperative represents four leading institutions in the field of historical scholarship: The American Historical Association, the Organisation of American Historians, the University of Illinois Press, and the National Academy Press. Their aim is to create "the premier resource for historians on the Web". The site contains full-text versions of the current issues of the American Historial Review and the Journal of American History as well as many other journals. This is a subscription site, which means that the full content of the site may only be viewed by members of the AHA and OAH, or to subscribers of the print versions. There is, however, access to users from an institution with a JSTOR subscription. Free access is also provided to the Booker T. Washington papers, Historical Maps Online and a web-based conference proceedings facility. A page of web links for historians is available.
History in Focus, from the Institute of Historical Research (IHR, part of the School of Advanced Study, University of London), is an occasional series of guides to historical resources taking a thematic approach to history. The collection has 14 volumes, and its publication was ended in 2008. Each issue is designed to provide an introduction to the chosen topic and to help stimulate interest and debate. The series concentrates on highlighting books, reviews, websites and conferences that relate to the theme, in order to provide a quality assured information resource for learning and teaching. Themes discussed include: medical history; what is history?; and the Victorian era. The section on "what is history" is of particular relevance to both established historians and those beginning their study of history, since it provides an excellent introduction to the myriad voices of historiographical debate within the academic community. History in Focus will provide a snapshot of resources and events at the time of issue. The series is aimed at the entire history community from life long learners to higher education. The site is now archived.
History On Trial looks at the representation of historical events to expose the biases and inaccuracies in the way they are recorded. The site is a project that is hosted by Lehigh University in Pennsylvania. There are five sub-sections to the site: The Pocahontas Archive which examines representations of the Native American Princess; The Literature of Justification which looks at European justification for the treatment of Native Americans; Reel American History which compares historical events and the way they are presented on film; The Enola Gay Controversy which considers differing attitudes to the dropping of the atomic bomb in 1945; and The Vietnam Wall Controversy which looks at the Vietnam Veterans' memorial and the divisive issues which surrounded its design and construction, such as the lack of martial celebration and the non-American ancestry of the designer. There are short essays penned by academics associated with the university and extensive bibliographies for each sub-topic. Some of the site has been used as a teaching resource for Lehigh University.
This is the website of the historiographical journal HISTOS, from the Department of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Durham. The scope of the journal is relatively broad and includes historiographical texts of Greece and Rome, the historiography of Byzantium and other ancient cultures, ancient biography and the influence of historiography and biography on other literary genres. Modern theory relevant to the study of historiography is also covered by the publication. The journal also addresses the use of non-literary sources for the study of the past. The emphasis of the journal is on the historical texts themselves rather than on the historical problems that they are being used to solve. The first issue of the journal was published in 1997 with volumes published annually up to and including 2000. Because the journal is no longer in publication links on the site to historiographical conferences and research projects are out of date.
Internet Resources for Russian Studies from the Archive of Michael B. Petrovich (1922-1989) presents Petrovich's teaching of Russian and Soviet history at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, incorporating digitized images and lectures. A fascinating and lengthy introduction by David McDonald, the current Professor of Russia History at Wisconsin-Madison, contextualises Petrovich's McCarthy-era teaching on Communism. Illustrated audio extracts of Petrovich's lectures on Russian History from 800-1800 and 1800-1917 (such as 'the Mongol Impact' and 'Industrialisation') are accompanied by online quizzes. The sound quality is reasonably good, but the site is not easy to navigate and Petrovich's teaching is dated. However, this resource offers interesting material for those researching the historiography of Russia and the Soviet Union, as well as potentially useful material for history teachers.
Journal of Art Historiography is an open-access scholarly ejournal, supported by the Department of History of Art at the University of Birmingham. It was originally published by the Institute for Art History at The University of Glasgow. The articles are peer-reviewed, and are freely available for download in the PDF format.Example article titles include: 'Fritz Novotny and the new Vienna school of art history - an ambiguous relation'; 'Moriz Thausing and the road towards objectivity in the history of art'; 'An art history of means: Arendt-Benjamin', among others. The journal website has full details of the editors, Editorial Board, and submission process. The journal's stated aim is to ignore disciplinary boundaries, and the editors aim to publish two issues per year.
This is the home page of the Kommission für Rechtsgeschichte Österreichs (Commission for Legal History of Austria), one of the newest divisions of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, which is nonetheless grounded in two of its oldest former institutes. The site proclaims itself to be as preoccupied with methodologies for studying history, as with those for studying all branches of the law. To this end, it is engaged in several research projects. However, the focus of these projects indicates a heavier emphasis on legal sources rather than historical legal analyses. Lists of project publications reveal a concentration on questions ranging from imperial to local -- especially city -- laws, mainly from the Early Modern period up to the nineteenth century. The site shares good links pages with the University of Vienna. A general links list refers to research institutes; professional associations; online publications; archives and libraries; official pages; and portals. There are specialised lists related to legal history institutes and departments in German-speaking universities; and to sites on recent symposia.
This wide-ranging and attractively produced website, 'Underwater archeology', available in French, English and Arabic, provides an illustrated introduction to the history, methods and major discoveries of underwater explorers, particularly those carried out by the research teams of DRASSM, the Départment des recherches archéologiques subaquatics et sous-marines of the French Ministry of Culture. Underwater archaeology has had a long, though sporadic, history, from the time Roman divers salvaged the cargo of amphoras from a shipwreck in the first century BC to the development of the modern aqualung by Cousteau and Gagnan in 1943. The resource features: a historical chronicle of major developments in maritime archaeology particularly since the designs of Leonardo da Vinci followed by the practical attempts to construct artificial breathing apparatus in the 17th century; an outline of the principal methods of underwater prospection and excavation of wrecks together with notes about the conservation of submerged organic materials; a major survey of shipwrecks around the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of France (a sample of some 700 known) in addition to others sites in Malta, Gabon, Martinique and the Indian Ocean; an account of underwater archaeology in Egypt, in particular the spectacular rediscovery of the submerged parts of Alexandria and of the numerous Greek and Roman wrecks off the Egyptian coast. This notable didactic resource will benefit and improve both amateurs and professionals alike, especially undergraduate students of Mediterranean archaeology and history but also anyone interested in wider issues of world archaeology, trade routes, conservation of underwater finds and heritage issues related to shipwreck sites.
The Labyrinth website consists of a collection of annotated links to resources in many different areas of medieval studies. The content concentrates particularly on: art; architecture; religion; history; languages; and literature. The links have been divided into forty-five main subject categories, which may be browsed or searched according to keyword or restricted by type of material. By this latter method, it is possible, for example, to limit the results to primary documents only. The site is continually updated and users are asked to submit new links. This resource would be useful to students or researchers studying the Middle-Ages.
The website "Making History - The changing face of the profession in Britain" is an online project of the Institute of Historical Research, London, focusing on the historians and history writing since the 19th century. As the main page explains, the site contains cross-references to historians, journals, organisations and relevant projects. The section dedicated to the historians contains a selection of historians that have had an impact in the field; the gallery lists the names alphabetically but a search is also possible. Each historian has a short professional biography together with the main publications and posts held, and cross-referenced entries of contemporary historians and themes of interest. Interviews with historians are posted on the site. Organisations and projects include research institutions and professional bodies connected with the study of the past and the preservation of its monuments. The section of journals is linked to the relevant page of the Royal Historical Society, while some of the most important titles such as "English Historical Review"; "Past and Present"; "History Workshop Journal"; "History Today"; "The Historical Journal"; "Economic History Review"; "Transactions"; and "Historical Research" are presented in detail, with links to their own websites. In the section of themes, these were chosen to reflect various "approaches to discipline", auxiliary sciences and terminology. Other resources on the site contain: articles, a bibliography, facts and figures (of history teaching today), interviews, image gallery and lists of lecture series (Creighton Lectures, Ford Lectures and Ford Special Lectures). This is a valuable site for students of history; it is easy to navigate and the information is intelligently displayed and cross-referenced.
Making Sense of Oral History is, in effect, an interactive guide that explains how to use oral history interviews. Written by Linda Shopes, the site initially defines oral history and explains its various uses for historiography. The guide then breaks down the process of conducting and analysing an interview into a number of elements: who is talking?; who is the interviewer?; what are they talking about?; and what are the circumstances of the interview. Three recordings are included on the site for practice. Of considerable use is the model interview and analysis, the bibliography and links to other oral history sites.
Making the History of 1989 is an online resource for teaching history at undergraduate level, focusing on the collapse of communism across the GDR and Eastern Europe. Created by the Center for History and New Media with input from historians and political scientists, it makes available diverse primary source material with detailed guidance on how to use it for teaching purposes. Clear and easy to use, the site comprises: a lengthy introductory essay covering events across East Germany, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Albania, Romania and Yugoslavia, setting them in historical, political and geographical context; primary sources (translated documents and images) organised by country and tagged for effective searching; video interviews with scholars who personally experienced these events, in thematic sections with transcripts; teaching modules and case studies for classroom use. Modules include: the Catholic Church in Poland; nationalities in the USSR; economies in transition; everyday life in Eastern Europe; Solidarity; the unique experience of Romania. Each module provides: selected primary sources; teaching strategies; lesson plans; source-based questions; an annotated bibliography.
This is the online version of a guide written by Dr Richard J. Olney (Historical Manuscripts Commission) and published by the Institute of Historical Research in 1995. which aims to help those students without easy or regular access to the libraries or training programmes of the larger university history departments. The guide is aimed at postgraduate students at the start of a project that requires them to locate, assess and handle manuscripts. Although written primarily for students of history, it should prove useful to anybody who needs to find and use manuscripts in their research and will be particularly welcomed by researchers embarking on interdisciplinary or cultural studies projects. The content is divided in three main sections: Creation and Distribution; Finding and Using Sources; and Further Reading. Of these, the first two constitute the research guide as such, while the third is dedicated mainly to listing bibliographies, surveys and general reference works, guides to selected repositories, types or classes of records, subject areas, and so on.
Milkbar.com.au: Metadata Analysis Engine is an online hypertext documentary about the inner-city of Fitzroy, in Melbourne, Australia. Based on a Ph.D thesis by Adrian L. Miles which explores the effect of globalisation on Fitzroy, the site presents an oral history of Fitzroy in an attempt at understanding the changes to the community documented through interviews with individuals living there. The site includes twelve hours of unedited video, which may be retrieved using the Smafe Meta Analysis Film Engine, developed by the author and Kurt George Gjerde (MATs research program, InterMedia, University of Bergen). Film clips have been categorised by topics such as: ideology; economics; culture; and ethnicity. Each topic also has a short accompanying essay. The site requires a suitable streaming video plug-in such as Quicktime. Also included are a number of essays including: a description of how the experiment fits into humanties computing; how the hypertextual video is applied to the historical study of Fitzroy; and the gentrification of Fitzroy.
This website presents users with a wealth of information on the study of history. Although much of the information available is aimed at school students (doing GCSEs and A-Levels and so on) there are, nonetheless, several very interesting articles on the importance of history, the practice of history, and the study of history. Of some significant value is the 'core concepts, terms and ideologies' section which lists the major ideals and ideas (from communism to fascism to Whiggish history to collective security) which have influenced history and the study of history. These articles are detailed and go into some depth and are of great use to both the novice and the established historian. Moreover, there is a very interesting article by Sir Geoffrey Elton (one time Regius Professor of History, University of Cambridge) which details why history continues to be an important subject in the (post)modern world. Lastly, there is a section on the theory of history (looking at, for example, Marxist interpretations of history and Herder’s philosophy of history, amongst others) which details how historians practice and the major schools of thought within the discipline. A highly useful website looking at an often misunderstood, and undervalued, section to history as a subject and discipline.
The Online Resource Book for Medieval Studies (ORB) is a co-operative effort on the part of scholars across the Internet to establish an online textbook source for medieval studies. In principle, authors of the various articles that make up ORB maintain their own articles at their own locations. Each article is connected to ORB's Title Index, after having been judged by at least two peer-reviewers. In addition, each article is linked directly to related articles and other information available on the Internet. You can browse the collection by subject under the following headings: early; high; late; medieval Slavonic and Russian resources; religion; language and linguistics; and culture (including art and architecture, law, literature, music, philosophy, and women's studies). The website also holds resources for teaching and general 'hints and tips' for medieval historians, as well as generic information for the 'non-specialist'.
Public History Review is a peer-reviewed journal which aims to analyse the nature of public history. It aims to discuss how, and to whom, the past is communicated and how our understanding of the past fits in to, and operates with, the present. Although the site requires registration, this is easy to do and allows access to the journal's back-catalogue of publications and issues. All the articles are published in PDF format and can be browsed by issue, author or title.
Created within the umbrella of TeacherServe, the website "Puritanism and Predestination" features an essay by Professor Christine Leigh Heyrman of the University of Delaware. The essay is accompanied by a slideshow of colonial Puritan ministers, the opportunity to pose questions to experts, and illustrations. The essay outlines the theological, social, and political background of the Puritans who arrived in America. The section on guiding student discussion provides sugestions for teaching the subject and tips for explaining concepts such as conversion, to students. Heyrman encourages the teacher to focus the debate around the role of the Calvinist concept of predestination, with all the inherent criticism that will flow. However this provides, in her opinion, the perfect opportunity to contrast this with the instabilities of the early modern period, to ground their empathy with those who espoused the theory. The most useful section here is that on historiographical debate. The site is useful for those teaching at school level.
The website "Re-using Qualitative Research Data: a Personal Account" is the article published by Paul Thompson, the founding Director of Qualidata, and published in the online journal FQS: Forum Qualitative Social Research/Sozialforschung (Freie-Universität, Berlin). In this text, the author reflects on personal experiences of creating data and re-using both his own data and data collected by other researchers. He describes three experiences of reanalysing data. The first is the re-use of data the author collected himself, primarily the much-used dataset "Family Life and Work Experience before 1918", collected in the early 1970s. The second was Growing Up in Stepfamilies, in which the author tried to interweave potentially complementary strengths of life story interviews with data from a quantitative longitudinal cohort followed since 1958, the National Child Development Study. The third is the author's more recent project on transnational Jamaican families, encompassing parallel interviews carried out by Harry Goulbourne and Mary Chamberlain. The essay begins with a discussion of views on interview techniques, qualitative methods, and the re-use of data. There are plenty of useful references for the social scientist, anthropologist or oral historian in this work. One of the studies focuses on transnational Jamaican families, and their extended families. The essay elaborates on the nature of reusing data, and the issue of confidentiality for example. This is primarily a site of interest to those with a focus on issues around data use and reuse or twentieth century social history. The text can be read in HTML or PDF formats; a URN is given for the web page.
Patrick Rael's website Reading, Writing, and Researching for History: A Guide for College Students is an online resource to introduce undergraduates at the author's university (Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine) to essential information skills. Reading includes: How to read primary and secondary sources; How to read a book; as well as the STAMP It technique. The comprehensive Writing section includes: Rhetoric and discourse; Scholarly voice; Working with- and presenting sources; Citing sources; and Plagiarism. Researching is equally comprehensive and accessibly written. Evaluating includes tools for the student to apply and the department's Evaluation Rubric. Other guides show techniques for Critical Book Review, and Naming Conventions. The text on the site is HTML, but all sections of the guide have short PDF versions and there is an entire PDF format of the guide available on the site.
Recensioni di storia .net [Historical reviews .net] is an online Italian journal of historical reviews. The journal - which has a quarterly frequency - focuses primarily on historiography, modern and contemporary history. Amongst its contributors are several scholars from a number of different academic institutions, not exclusively Italian. The journal offers in-depth book reviews, details of recently published works, and interviews with historians. A section is dedicated to up-to-date information on conferences and relevant events and to advice on scholarships and vacant academic positions available within Italian universities. Past issues are readily available online to view.
Regia Anglorum (The Kingdoms of the English) is the website of a historical re-enactment group (described as a living history group), which focuses on the period between AD 950 and 1066. They perform public re-enactments, have experience of television work, and are currently reconstructing a fortified Anglo-Saxon manor house named Wychurst. Although not an academic site in the strictest sense of the word this society prides itself on its authenticity and provides a wonderful insight into the period. It is of particular interest to those studying cultural and social history, as there is much material on the role and position of different villagers, stories and poems, the significance of places, and a collection of random articles including: Anglo-Saxon Military Organisation; Braid Weaving; Feasting and Fasting; Flora; and Kingmakers. An excellent resource for those interested in the history of England in the tenth and eleventh centuries.
The Revista brasileira de história (ISSN 1806-9347 online; 0102-0188 print version) is a scholarly peer reviewed journal from the Associaçăo Nacional de História of Brazil. Available online through SciELO are the full-text issues from 1997 onwards which focus primarily on Brazilian and Latin American history. The journal also includes to some extent articles on other historical topics (such as an analysis of the documentary 'Shoah', or the birth of sociology in the French university between 1880 and 1914). Users will find articles on, for example, the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état; the history of education in Brazil particularly from 1940 to 1970; the 'lost city of Bahia'; early missionaries and their adversaries, the Caraíba shamen in colonial Brazil; and the relationship between history and drama as illustrated in the work of Brazilian playwright, Jorge Andrade. Some issues feature thematic dossiers: these have included articles grouped around the themes of new challenges in the teaching of History; migration; and urban experience. The majority of articles are written in Portuguese, although all are accompanied by abstracts in English. The journal also features book reviews and interviews, and SciELO provides a useful search facility. This is an excellent journal which will appeal to those with a particular interest in Brazilian history.
The site of the Sixteenth Century Society and Conference (SCSC) offers some insight into the aims, activities and publications of this scholarly association based in North America. SCSC is dedicated to gather all scholars interested in early modern studies, from any academic discipline and geographical region. The site announces not only the call for papers and submissions to the annual conference of SCSC but also events and opportunities in related areas of interest put forward by other associations. Information about the forthcoming annual conference and calls for registrations are available on the site; the programme of the previous year’s meeting can be consulted. SCSC publishes The Sixteenth Century Journal quarterly, although it is not substantially presented on the society’s homepage. The site encourages membership in the society, which enables access to Iter: gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance, along with an annual subscription to the journal. The prizes offered by SCSC for books in early modern studies and the prize committees for each category are listed.
Talia Dixit is a peer-reviewed electronic journal from the University of Extremadura in Spain devoted to the study of rhetoric and historiography up until the Renaissance. Interdisciplinary in approach, the journal aims to take into account the political, cultural and ideological context of written texts, and to provide a platform for historiographers and literary scholars to share perspectives on the analysis of old texts. At the time of review, one issue had been published online, with articles available as PDFs. Topics addressed included the settings of the speeches of Thucydides; techniques of rhetorical amplification used by the Cordoban chronicler Ibn Hayyan in the 'Muqtabis'; and rhetoric in 'Estoria de Espanna' of Alfonso el Sabio. Articles are written in either Spanish or English and full submission details are provided.
'The killing of History: why relativism is wrong' provides access to a review article by Roger Kimball of the book ‘The Killing of History: How a Discipline is Being Murdered By Literary Critics and Social Theorists’ by Keith Windschuttle. The article was first published in September 1996 (Volume 15) and provides a lengthy analysis of the book, which was written as an attack on the application of Postmodern theory within historiographical methodologies that reached its height during the 1990s. The article, which is available to subscribers, appears in The New Criterion Online, the electronic version of the subscription based journal The New Criterion. Some of the latter's reviews and articles are made freely available on this website. The New Criterion was originally founded in 1982 as a literary and intellectual review with the aim of providing a conservative critical voice of cultural theory. Historians and students will find this review a useful means to understand the progress of politicised theoretical debate in the field of history from this period.
The website 'Struggle for Mastery: Britain 1066-1284' is a PDF document providing an extensive bibliography of secondary sources for British history between 1066 and 1284. It was compiled by the respected medieval historian, Professor David Carpenter, from sources used in his 'Struggle for Mastery: Britain 1066-1284', (Penguin, 2003) and suggestions for further reading. Too long to include in the book, this full bibliography was therefore put online by Kings College London. It is a valuable resource for anyone interested in the period. Divided into sections, the bibliography deals chronologically and thematically with the political, social and economic history of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Carpenter's comments on many of the sources provide an introduction to the historiography of the period, illustrating the different points of view held by historians and other experts. His interesting and informative reviews encourage the reader to investigate new sources and subject areas. It concentrates on sources published to 2000, although there are some down to 2003. Despite its length, Carpenter does not claim it is exhaustive. Although this is an essay, its headings and layout - especially the use of underlining - could be improved for online readers.
The Untimely Past website is devoted to the place of postmodernist and poststructuralist philosophies within historiography. The site primarily provides a number of online bibliographies on the following philosophers and topics: a general bibliography, including new and forthcoming publications, links to key themes, and lists of writings by the main participants in the current debates; Michel Foucault; Michel de Certeau; post-colonial historiography; rhetoric; poetics; narrativity; poststructuralism; and postmodernism. Most individual entries within the bibliographies have been annotated with a paragraph or more of descriptive and evaluative prose. Links are included to online articles and related sites, including book retailers. On his opening page, the site's author takes a somewhat uncritical view of the postmodern deconstruction of historical method. He also does not explain the general historiographical context of this problem; thus, this site would not necessarily be a good starting point for beginners. However, he has provided a balanced, exhaustive and painstakingly-detailed resource. He covers both the main sources from either side of the debate between revisionist and non-revisionist historians, as well as discussions within the revisionist school on the influence of 20th century philosophical thought on history and historical method. As such, the site will provide a good reference source for professional academics, graduates and undergraduates. It could also serve as a teaching resource in the preparation of reading lists for courses in either Modern Historiography or the Philosophy of History. The site has its own search engine and links page. Navigation is clear and straightforward.
This site is a PDF online publication of a scholarly paper from 2000 in the 'University of Sussex Journal of Contemporary History' by Jacob Westergaard Madsen. It is posted by the Department of History at the University of Sussex. Madsen's paper is on the Historikerstreit (Historians' fight) which occurred in the mid 1980s in German academia over the causes of the Holocaust and its interpretation and impact on the present. The paper places the Historikerstreit in the context of Cold War politics; it then highlights aspects of the debate, especially between Ernst Nolte and Jürgen Habermas, which are important from a post-Cold-War perspective. Madsen asserts that the core of the Historikerstreit was not about the details of the Holocaust and the Second World War, which were basically not questioned, but about how those details were presented and interpreted, with huge political implications.
The conservative side of the Historikerstreit (the Tendenzwende) reflected in part a larger, general western trend during the 1980s toward glossy nationalist and imperialist histories. Madsen takes equal issue with the assumptions at the heart of the left wing counter arguments. Current lurking historical reinterpretations of the Second World War haltingly revisit these polarized trends, and make Madsen's paper worthwhile reading for students, teachers and scholars of historiography. Moreover, they confirm Habermas's assertion that the struggle for control over the past determines the present and future.
This site has been created by Haines Brown and provides access to a variety of different types of material relating to historiography. The site mainly concentrates on collecting debates from email lists, but also has press reports, bibliographies and essays written by the creator of the website. The site is split into the following sections: the history of world historiography; the peculiarity of world history; historical materialism; the 'World Systems' approach; comparative history; other schools of world history; metahistory and the philosophy of history; essentialism, Eurocentrism and 'Western Civilisation'; subjectivism and ethnocentric history; the methodology of historiography; the limits and divisions of world history; and the social value of historiography. This site is part of the World History Archives which was also created by Haines Brown. The aim of the archive is to provide documents for the teaching and learning about world history from a working-class and non-Eurocentric perspective.