'100 great black Britons' website is an online biographical dictionary dedicated to raising awareness of the contribution made by Britons with African and Caribbean heritage to British life and history. The entries were selected through a national poll in 2004, run by the Every Generation organisation which promotes educational projects related to black history and heritage in Britain. The website includes the results of the poll for various categories such as music, science and politics, as well as the overall results, which placed the Crimean nurse, Mary Seacole (1805-1881) as the most admired. Since 2004 there have been some additions to the original list of 100. These can be found in the People Database section of the website. A brief biography is provided for each entry in the list and there is a useful collection of links to other websites related to black history. There is also information on events and publications relating to the 2007 bicentenary of the abolition of the slave trade in the British Empire.
This site, '1914 to 1919: A Medical Officer's diary and narrative of the First World War' is a subpage of a larger personal site called Philsnet, proclaimed by its webmaster and compiler, Travis Philip Davies, to be a "repository for family historical information." The site presents excerpts from the war diary of Davies's grandfather, Travis Hampson, who worked with a field ambulance unit. Entries run from 6 August 1914 to 19 February 1919. An italicised set of explanatory notes with further short memoirs, added by the diarist in 1951, prefaces sections of the transcription of the original diary. Abbreviations are defined in a list before the main text. Hampson's account is interesting in terms of its descriptions of day-to-day experience of the war, including an unusual description of a 1914 foxhunt which the soldiers held in France near enemy lines. The diary also gives the impression that, aside from its brutality and its political justifications, the war was in part a giant administrative exercise, whose enactment had implications for post-war administrative theories ranging from medicine, to forced migration and refugee issues, to business management.
Researchers must exercise caution with this source. Its apparent authenticity is not externally verified and there are no scanned images of the document (although these are promised). Additional caveats apply concerning the accuracy of the diarist's memories and selections made by the editor. Nonetheless, the source conveys another significant aspect which is crucial in understanding military campaigns and military history: that is, that men operating on the ground during the First World War had very little knowledge of the general course of events; while top officers and the public were not fully aware of the real conditions faced by the men. Yet despite his desire to inform his family of these conditions by keeping a diary (which was forbidden), the diarist felt the need as well to restrict what he wrote: "a lot of the ... dirtier doings of the War have been left out." These islands of ignorance will prove instructive both for historians and teachers when they seek to understand and convey the chaotic experience of war, as well as its larger meaning in the history of human civilisation.
The "Actas y Comunicaciones" (ISSN 1669-7286) from the University of Buenos Aires' Instituto de Historia Antigua y Medieval present research papers from the Institute in electronic format, in PDF files. The first issue of this electronic peer reviewed publication appeared in 2005, bringing together papers presented at a conference held at the Institute entitled 'Cuestiones historiográficas y representaciones históricas. Europa, ayer y hoy' (Historiographic Questions and Historical Representations. Europe, Yesterday and Today'). The articles are written in either Spanish or Italian and focus on such themes as: political power and intellectual development in the Middle Ages; the university as 'hammer and chisel' of medieval society, using 15th century Salamanca University as a case study; and, in a move away from medieval history, a study of Italian intellectuals and the fascist movement in Italy. The editors hope that the electronic format will permit greater dissemination of research output from the Institute, but they also welcome contributions from international scholars for future issues. At the time of review (2009) the PDF files three (2005-2007) of all four volumes posted online were not downloading properly.
This site, developed by Minnesota State University anthropology students, provides over 845 biographies of anthropologists and other scientists that have directly influenced the discipline in the past with new additions being added with time. Coverage is international in scope, not exclusively limited to any particular national tradition of anthropology.
This website contains about 850 biographical sketches of leading individuals who have worked within the fields of anthropology, archaeology, Egyptology and of ancient historians from the 17th century A.D. to the present. The resource is part of the University of Minnesota E Museum which has won numerous awards for website excellence from academic sources. Many of the biographies are accompanied by photographs of the subject together with short bibliographies of their major works. Also provided are suggestions for further reading and links to relevant institutional sites and Web resources. The site offers translations of the biographies in Spanish, German, French, Italian, Russian, Portuguese and Japanese. The main drawback is that the biographies appear to be written by many individuals and the overall editorial control is difficult to ascertain. However the resource contains a substantial volume of largely factual information and readers are able to offers commentary and criticism on the entries.Anthropology Biography Web will interest undergraduates and scholars studying the history of archaeology, anthropology and related disciplines, particularly, but not exclusively, those studying the Americas.
Arthurian Sources and Texts is an online collection of excerpts from primary source documents which make significant reference to King Arthur. These range from the fifth century, when Arthur may have lived, to the sixteenth century. The extent to which these sources are historically reliable as a chronicle of Arthur's existence as portrayed in the mythical terms in which he is now recognised is unclear. The site benefits from its secondary source historical contextualisation of its excerpts. All sources are footnoted. As a collection, the site would serve as a good starting point for teachers and students to explore the clearer parts of the historical chronology and its transition over time into myth, as well as the meaning of that transition. The site is run off a commercial server which prompts pop-up advertisements with each click to a new screen, which hamper navigation.
Mark Ynys-Mon's website, Brief Lives, offers selections of the work of the seventeenth-century biographer and antiquarian, John Aubrey (1626-1697). The resource includes Aubrey's lives of: Thomas Allen; Elizabeth Broughton; Thomas Harcourt; Mary Herbert, countess of Pembroke, and William Shakespeare. There is also a small amount of background information about Aubrey and an account of his method of writing. Aubrey was a man of eclectic interests and also wrote a 'Natural History of Wiltshire' and a 'Perambulation of Surrey' as well as having an interest in prehistoric sites such as Stonehenge. Ynys-Mon is a former student of Lancaster University and produced this resource independently.
Autobiography of a Smuggler is published as part of the National Library of Wales online Treasures collection. On the site users will find a digitised copy of William Owen's eighteenth century autobiography of his life as a smuggler in Wales. The book is 176 pages long and has been completely digitised, although there is no transcription available. This is a rare document because criminal biographies were rare in eighteenth century Wales, and also because it features a full transcription of Owen's trial for murder in 1747. Also on the site is an article from the National Library of Wales Journal, which provides readers with the background of the document.
The Autobiography of Anne Murray, Lady Halkett (1622-1699) is available online as a complete transcription, along with the full text of a biography ("A Memoir of Lady Anna Mackenzie") written in 1868 by Alexander Lindsay, and accompanied by introductory lectures provided by Dr Ellen Moody. These lectures were originally presented to the American Society for 18th Century Studies in 2006, and examine the significance of Lady Halkett's life and her memoirs. As a member of the Scottish gentry, Lady Anne grew up at the court of King James VI of Scotland (James I of England). As an adult she was instrumental in the escape of King Charles I's son, the Duke of York, during the English Civil War in the 1640s. As a governess to children of the nobility, and as the Countess of Balcarres and Argyle, Lady Anne wrote eyewitness accounts of the effects of the Civil War and Restoration upon 17th Century England and Scotland, while her 'Meditations' provide an important insight into contemporary religious life.
The Bayeux Tapestry website contains images of all the surviving sections of the tapestry that chronicles the conquest of England by William the Conqueror and the Battle of Hastings in 1066 in particular. A brief introduction is given to the construction and history of the tapestry, which touches on some of the controversies surrounding the work. The site also provides a tour of some of the 'highlights' of the tapestry, with an explanation of what is being represented. The presentation of the site is perhaps a little flamboyant, but the images of the tapestry themselves are of a high quality. Translations of the Latin on the tapestry are also offered. The images have been copyrighted by the site's author, from whom permission should be sought if they are to be reproduced.
The BBC has cloned its educational radio and television programming into an extensive Internet humanities resource. BBC online contains essays, multimedia resources and visual sources on topics in history, art and literature. The essay "Elizabeth I", by Alexandra Briscoe, traces the life of the Virgin Queen, from her childhood in which her mother was beheaded by Henry VIII, through her turbulent youth and path to the crown. It covers key issues that arose in Gloriana's reign, such as marriage and plots against her. This is an excellent essay for those with a personal interest in the great Queen, or for those studying the English Renaissance and Elizabethan England. The author has given her bibliography for further reading.
"Queen Victoria and her Prime Ministers" is a BBC website examining Queen Victoria's reign, which spanned eight decades, looking at her relationships with her Prime Ministers. Some she had genuine affection for, while others she despised. Lord Melbourne, her favourite, acted as a father, nurturing her into her role as Queen of Britain. His successor, Sir Robert Peel, became an acquired taste of the young queen after her marriage to Albert. Victoria disliked both Lord Palmerston and John Russell, while she found Benjamin Disraeli enchanting because of his Jewish appearance and mannerisms. William Gladstone, perhaps one of the greatest statesmen of the nineteenth century never really earned Victoria's respect, and she thought him something of a madman. This essay discusses all of these men and their often turbulent relationships with their queen. The right-hand column contains links to related resources on BBC or external sites, such as: articles; timelines; interactive resources; and historic figures.
The 'Biografisch Woordenboek van het Socialisme en de Arbeidersbeweging in Nederland' (Biographical Dictionary of Socialism and the workers' movement in the Netherlands) contains biographies of 574 men and women who were important figures in the Dutch social movement between 1848-1940. An alphabetical index of biographies, an index of biography authors and a search option make the information accessible. This Dictionary was started by P.J. Meertens in 1953 and completed in 2003. A print version in 9 volumes can be ordered by e-mail or post. This 'Who is who' of Dutch socialism is an excellent reference work for historians and others interested in Dutch social history.
The British and Irish Women's Letters and Diaries project aims to provide the largest collection of such materials ever assembled. The database is available online to subscribing institutions. When complete, it will contain in excess of 100,000 pages of primary materials spanning several centuries. The web service also provides biographies of the 1,000 or so women whose writings are to be included, and an extended annotated bibliography. The website includes a sophisticated search engine that may be restricted to returning certain types of result, and flexible browse options. Contents may be listed by author, date, place, source, or according to associations with particular historical or personal events.
This scholarly site has put the findings of the Yale Cambodian Genocide Program online. Most findings have been put into the Cambodian Genocide Database (CGDB). There are four different types of information in the Cambodian Genocide Database: bibliographic; biographic; photographic; and geographic, all of which provide an insight into the Pol Pot era. The bibliographic database contains records on over 3,000 primary and secondary documents dealing with atrocities in the Khmer Rouge regime. The biographic database is an index of more than 10,500 Khmer Rouge military and political leaders, and many victims of the Khmer Rouge regime. The photographic database is a display of more than 5,000 prisoner mug shots taken at the Tuol Sleng Prison. The geographic database comprises an interactive computerized map, plus a collection of approximately 50 scanned maps showing the precise locations of more than 5,000 mass grave pits, as well as dozens of Khmer Rouge prisons and memorials to their victims. There are also links to related online resources, as well as translations and publications of articles, publications and papers by the CGP.
Collective Biographies of Women is a comprehensive online annotated bibliography of more than 900 collective biographies (biographies that cover the lives of at least three inidividuals per work) published in English between 1830 and 1940. The women covered by this bibliography include: historical; literary; legendary; and biblical figures from many different periods and is based on Alison Booth's book 'How to Make it as a Woman: Collective Biographical History from Victoria to the Present'. The bibliography can by browsed alphabetically by author and also searched by: keyword; title; author; place of publication; and editor, illustrator or translator. Individual entries give publication details for each printing of the work that could be traced, enabling an overview of the popularity of the subject matter as well as the concerns of particular publishers. The site also provides a 'pop chart' of the most popular female subjects during the period covered by the bibliography. Future plans for the project include the creation of an image gallery covering collections included in the bibliography. The resource is easy to use and well presented, and highlights a somewhat neglected sub-genre of biography. Students and researchers working in prosopography would find this resource useful, as would those studying the history of the book or English literature.
The Complete Works of Charles Darwin Online is a website providing unprecedented, comprehensive access to Darwin's published works and unpublished papers as well as to his private papers. With at least one exemplar of all known Darwin publications available here, this impressive resource provides over 40,000 pages of searchable text and over 150,00 images. Complementing these primary texts (which have either been scanned or transcribed, or both) are a number of other valuable resources. These include: the largest Darwin bibliography, based on the work of R.B.Freeman; the largest catalogue of Darwin manuscripts (from the University of Cambridge Library); hundreds of additional texts such as reviews of Darwin's works, obituaries, biographies, and works useful for studying Darwin; and editorial introductions to contextualise Darwin's work and aid understanding. As from April 2008, Darwin's private papers are also available, including his diaries, field notebooks, drafts, drawings and diagrams, photographs and much more.
The site may be navigated in a number of ways, including searching and browsing, as described on the User Guide page. Additions and improvements to the site are being made continually; more editions, translations and introductions are planned, and new materials added can be found in the 'What's New' section. MP3 files of some of the works may be downloaded for free, and a user guide is available to help make the most of this vast website. This immensely important and rich resource will appeal to anyone interested in the works of Charles Darwin, and represents a major contribution to the digital humanities.
This website makes available the full text of papers presented at an ongoing series of multidisciplinary conferences, organised by the University of the West Indies School of Continuing Studies, which are held in the non-campus countries of the anglophone Caribbean. The first conference took place in 2000 in St Kitts and Nevis. Papers featured here are mostly from historical, literary, or social science perspectives; each conference takes its host country as the main theme. As such, users will find papers on, for example: the Spanish language in Antigua and Barbuda; identity and ethnicity in Belize; the visual arts in Grenada; constitutional modernisation in Montserrat and the Cayman Islands; and liberalised radio broadcasting in St Vincent and the Grenadines. The papers from a 2004 conference on the life and works of Jean Rhys are also available, together with links to full-text articles and other useful online resources for the study of this Dominican-born writer. Other general resources on the site include an annotated bibliography of humanities and social science works on Grenada published between 1763 and 1950, and a biography of T.A. Marryshow (1887-1958), one of the key figures in Grenada's political history, and the West Indies Federation.
Established to complement an exhibition at Cambridge University Library, the Cromwell 400 website provides historical notes from their 1999 exhibition which commemorated the 400th anniversary of the birth of Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658). The notes include images of documents and items displayed in the exhibition. The website also provides brief biographical notes, with illustrations, on Cromwell's life, his achievements as a soldier and politician, and an overview of changing perspectives on Cromwell.
Cultures of Knowledge is the website of a project funded by the Andrew W Mellon Foundation. The project website is hosted by the Faculty of History at the University of Oxford, whose partners in the project include institutions in the UK; Wales; Hungary; the Czech Republic; and Poland. The aim of the project is to catalogue and edit the Bodleian Library's archives of correspondence of some of the 17th century's leading men of science, and make these widely available to international scholars. It is ultimately hoped that the project will enable international collaboration and study into the intellectual history of the period. The website provides information on: the aims of the project; the partner institutions; resources held at the Bodleian (including brief biographies of: John Aubrey; John Wallis; Edward Lhwyd; and Martin Lister); events and details of how to get involved in this work; and related links and bibliographies. This site would interest those working in: English; history of science; and history.
The website "The Darwin Correspondence Online Database" is not only an online database, but also provides an extended and extremely comprehensive bibliography of works on the eminent scientist and thinker. It is of use to those researching or studying any aspects of Darwin's thinking, nineteenth century correspondence, or any other figures connected to Darwin, as well as botanists, biologists, and sociologists. It contains information on all the known correspondence of Charles Darwin, which can be searched by name, places, plants, animals, geological terms, and many other terms. There is also a list of correspondents, supplemented with their biographical details. The correspondence is also arranged chronologically, consisting of almost fourteen thousand items from 1821 to Darwin's death in 1882, at the time of cataloguing. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Resource Enhancement scheme.
The 'Dictionary of British Circus Biography' (DBCB) aims to create an "index of showmen, performers and other people associated with circus" in the British Isles. The DBCB website has details of the project, and calls for contributions of materials. The project is run by John Turner, a circus scholar and contributor to the Dictionary of National Biography, and the website has a list of his publications. These include the 3,000-entry 'Victorian Arena; the Performers' and the DBCB aims to build on this work by adding to it details of 20th century British circus performers. The DBCB is said to be due for print publication at some point in the future, and is currently said to contain 11,000 biographical records and 10,500 "records of actual circus visits".
Early British Kingdoms is a website concerned with Britain in the post-Roman age, commonly known as the Dark Ages. Authored by a professional historian, Early British Kingdoms looks at the various nations and kingdoms in Britain from the 5th to the 10th centuries. The site offers a large amount of reference material on the individual kingdoms, including: maps; chronologies; biographies of royal figures and important saints; and royal genealogies. There is also information on: the Saxons; Scots; and Picts, the adversaries of these kingdoms. Early British Kingdoms also looks at important archaeological sites and a range of resources relating to the Arthurian legends. The articles on this site are many and varied, and provide a good introduction to various aspects of Dark-Age Britain for general readers and students alike.
The Echoes of the Great War website is an online version of an exhibition created to accompany a performance of the play 'Oh What A Lovely War!', in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, 2004. The exhibition is separated into seven sections, the largest of these being: 'Lost in the Great War'; and 'Other Combatants'. These two sections concentrate on biographical detail of soldiers with a connection to the Milton Keynes area, many of whom were killed or wounded in the war, and are illustrated with family and military photographs and reminiscences. The remaining sections illustrate the history of the period through: photographs of artefacts; international casualty statistics; and cemetery photographs. The war experiences of the individuals documented here are in stark contrast to the massive casualty figures presented for the whole of the First World War, and serve to underline the tragedy of this conflict. This site would be of interest to local historians of this area, and to anyone interested in the history of the Great War.
The Edmund Blunden website, set up by Blunden's family, aims to promote a better understanding of his poetry and prose amongst a modern audience. The site provides a short introduction to Blunden and his work, and gives access to a variety of items relating to his life including: news items concerning Blunden and World War I-related topics; short articles on Blunden's life by his family and others; selected poems; bibliographies; a biography; and selected images of Blunden himself. There is also a short section of links to related websites and a frequently asked questions page. The website's family connection with Blunden helps to make the man and his works more accessible to today's students and researchers, particularly the latter part of his life, which is generally given less prominence than his war experiences. The site is easy to navigate and well laid out, and gives some interesting personal insights into the character of one of Britain's most famous war poets.
The Edmund Blunden at War website aims to tell "the military story of Edmund Blunden during the First World War". The site, part of the World War One Poets on the Battlefield pages, gives a short history of the poet's military career, and also provides: recent photographs of relevant battle sites; short descriptions of the battles Blunden fought in; and pictures of related memorials. This site concentrates more on military history rather than Blunden's poems, but would be of interest to anyone studying the poet's life as background to his literary works.
This website on Queen Elizabeth I is published in conjunction with the National Maritime Museum exhibition celebrating the 400th anniversary of the last Tudor monarch's death. The site is very easy to navigate, and provides a large amount of information on Elizabeth I's life and reign. The site is split into chapters, dealing with Elizabeth's life chronologically, and there are also additional resources in the form of a glossary and a select bibliography of texts and websites. The chapters cover the following topics: Young Elizabeth, which looks at her early life and experiences, with events such as the Seymour Scandal; Elizabeth's England, which discusses the changes she made, with measures like the Elizabethan religious settlement; and The Queen's Court, which explores Tudor life, entertainment, and the Sumptuary Laws. Following these there is Elizabeth's Adventurers that looks at sixteenth century English overseas ambitions; Representing the Queen, which discusses the image Elizabeth created, and the importance of imagery and symbolism in her portraiture; and Threats to the Crown, which explores the domestic and foreign hostility she faced from Mary Queen of Scots and Spain. The final chapter, Elizabeth's Final Years, describes the Queen's relationships with the Earl of Essex and Robert Cecil, and the end of the Tudor line. All of the texts are accompanied by good illustrations, while a glossary and a link to resources accompany the information on the site. This page as a whole provides a comprehensive introduction to Queen Elizabeth I's reign.
Epistolae is an online repository of letters, originally written in Latin, sent by and to women in the Middle Ages. The letters were collected and translated by Columbia University's Professor Joan Ferrante, who collaborated with the Columbia Center for New Media Teaching and Learning to make both the Latin and modern English texts of most of the letters available on this website. Over 850 letters are included on the site, most taken from printed sources, with recipients and authors including: Eleanor of Aquitaine; Margaret of Scotland; Emma, queen of the Franks; and Isabel of Angoulęme. The letters date from the 4th to the 13th centuries, and are accompanied by biographies of the women cited. The letters can be browsed alphabetically by sender and also searched by: keyword; sender; or recipient. The biographies can also be browsed or searched, and letters relating to a particular person can be accessed from their biography page. Texts of the letters are often accompanied by a short paragraph giving historical context, as well as: details of printed and manuscript sources; any related scholarly notes; and translation notes. Users are also invited to contribute suggestions and corrections to the site. This resource would be especially usefully for those interested in prosopography and the role of women in the religious and political life of the Middle Ages.
The website 'EyeWitness to History.com: the Middle Ages and Renaissance' is part of the Ibis Communications Inc. website EyeWitness to History.com. The 'EyeWitness' series seeks to present history "through the eyes of those who lived it". The section concerning the Middle Ages and Renaissance provides a good introduction to the most famous events and people involved in (predominantly) European history of the period. The site is necessarily brief, but covers topics including: the murder of Thomas Becket; the Crusades; the death of Magellan; the Spanish massacre of the French in Florida; crime and punishment in Elizabethan England; and the Black Death. Brief accounts of the events are provided and then contemporary accounts follow. For example, Boccaccio describes the plague in Florence, and Beha-ed-Din, a member of Saladin's court describes the massacre of over 2, 700 Muslims in 1191. This site is an excellent introduction to the contextual use of primary sources.
The First World War Poetry Digital Archive website provides online, for free, unprecedented access to primary source material from some of the major British First World War poets. This archive consists predominantly of correspondence and manuscripts from the poets: Wilfred Owen; Edward Thomas; Robert Graves; David Jones; Roland Leighton; Isaac Rosenberg; and Vera Brittain, plus contextual images, video and audio, from the Imperial War Museum and other institutions. These include a complete run of "The Hydra" (the Journal of the Patients at the Craiglockhart War Hospital, plus propaganda pamphlets, forces' newspapers, and postcards). Other poets being researched by the project include: Edmund Blunden; Ivor Gurney; and Siegfried Sassoon - their material should be added to the archive in the summer-autumn 2009. The project shows how these resources can be used in teaching - at all levels and for subjects as diverse as Gender Studies, English literature, literacy, Media Studies, Welsh as a Second Language and History. The archive builds on the Virtual Seminars for Teaching Literature Project (1996-98) which was widely used in schools, further education colleges, and for university teaching and research. The tutorials created for that earlier project have been updated: The four tutorials consist of: An Introduction to World War I Poetry (referring to the work of Wilfred Owen, Siegfried Sassoon, Rupert Brooke, Edward Thomas, Isaac Rosenberg, and women's poetry, as well as Trench poetry and songs); Issac Rosenberg's "Break of Day in the Trenches"; An Introduction to Manuscript Study and the Creation of a Critical Edition (examining Wilfred Owen's "Dulce et Decorum est"); and An Introduction to Text Analysis. The archive offers a "path creation scheme" whereby teachers and other users can annotate and save their own route through the materials.The project is based at the University of Oxford and is part of the JISC Digitisation Programme.
There are also sample tutorials, links to related websites, and podcasts from individuals such as Ian Hislop, Richard Holmes, Max Arthur, and Gary Sheffield, as well as recordings made at conferences and events about the literature of World War One.
The project has also collected materials about the First World War held by the British public into the Great War Archive. This includes diaries, letters, manuscripts, photographs, oral histories, memorabilia and other ephemera from ex-soldiers, service personnel and the home front.
The site "Fons (Forráskutatás és történeti Segédtudományok)" introduces online the Hungarian historical journal which focuses on primary source publication and auxiliary sciences. The review was founded in 1993 and the first issue published in 1994, with four issues being printed each year. The publisher is the Szentpétery Imre Foundation for Historical Sciences. The site presents the history of the review and the editorial team, as well as information about formatting the text and bibliographical references for prospective authors. The last issue (1999, no. 1-2) is publishe online in full version. Tables of contents of all printed issues (1994-1999) and two studies are also posted on the site.
This Web page contains biographical and bibliographical information relating to the anti-colonial writer and activist Frantz Fanon (1925-1961). Published for postcolonial studies at Emory University, the page lists Fanon's seminal anti-colonial writings, and has a selected bibliography of critical works on Fanon. Born in Martinique, Fanon fought with the Free French in the Second World War and remained in Lyon after the War, where he studied medicine and then psychiatry. His famous analysis of the effects of racism and colonialism, titled Peau noire, masques blancs (Black skins, white masks), was published in Paris in 1952. In 1953 Fanon became Head of Psychiatry at the Blida-Joinville Hospital in Algeria, at a time when the Algerian people were rising up against their colonial oppressors, the French. He joined the Algerian FLN, which opposed French occupation of Algeria, and was exiled to Tunisia, where he continued the liberation struggle. His anti-colonial writings have been pubished as L'an cinq de la revolution algerienne (Studies in a Dying Colonialism), published in 1959; Les damnes de la terre (The Wretched of the Earth), published in Paris, 1961; and Pour la revolution africaine (Toward the African Revolution), published in Paris, 1964. The website has a number of links to other sites, however, only one of these operates successfully - a link to a website created by California Newsreel, which gives an overview of Isaac Julien's film biography of Fanon, titled Black Skin, White Mask.
Sir Winston Churchill said about George C. Marshall that he was the 'architect of victory' in the Second World War and that 'succeeding generations must not be allowed to forget his achievements and example'. The mission of the George C. Marshall Library and Museum is to house the papers of General George C. Marshall and numerous documents and manuscripts from the Marshall Period. The Foundations website has full text copies of Forrest Pogues four-volume biography of General Marshall and Dr. Larry Blands editions of the Marshall Papers. The site also has the audio of the 1947 Marshall Plan Speech, and a detailed chronology and time-line of Marshall's life and achievements.
'Geschichte und Geschichten : Das Mittelalter erzählt' (History and stories : The Middle Ages recount) is the web page of an exhibition by the 'Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel' in 2001/2002. The exhibition displays both manuscripts and printed books dealing with history and saints lives in particular, but also storytelling from the high and late middle ages. It focuses on material containing remarkable illustrations. The exhibition is directed towards the general public and aims to arouse interest in the time and subject it covers. The webpage contains a sample page of 15 selected, richly illustrated exhibits and features introductory notes to each document. The chosen manuscript pages are in a generous size and good quality images but they cannot be enlarged.
This is the home page of Göttinger Digitalisierungs-Zentrum (GDZ), the Centre for Retrospective Digitization in Göttingen, Germany. The site describes the founding of the Centre in 1997; its connection with the State and University Library of Lower Saxony; its methods of image capture and digitization; file conversion services; and GDZ events. But the highlight of the site is its impressive set of online document collections, most of which hail from the 18th to the 20th centuries. Researchers may browse the collections under the following headings: Autobiographica; DigiWunschbuch; North American Literature; Mathematical Literature; Travel Literature; History of the Humanities and the Sciences; Sibirica (Siberia); Zoologica; Varia; and Maps. This resource allows visitors to search for sources in simple and complex terms using search engines. Navigation can be a little confusing, but it improves once the documents are directly accessed. A zoom function aids closer examination of the documents themselves. Occasionally the images have problems loading; the majority however, load successfully and offer an invaluable and outstanding resource for historians and scholars in German, Russian and American Studies, as well as those working in the History of Mathematics and the Sciences. The site also provides a PDF download option to download sections of books, whole books may be transfered or saved on CD-ROM, but these must be ordered via the library for a stated price. The resource also offers an in-depth, detailed list of related digitization projects at other institutions emphasising the progress that has been made in Germany in the online posting of valuable historical documents and resources.
The Hagiography Society's website provides information on the Society and its activities. The Society, founded in 1900, is based at the University of Wisconsin--Madison and aims to promote interdisciplinary communication between scholars whose work involves the study of early Christian and medieval saints' lives. Although the majority of the Society's members are based in north America, a significant proportion are from the UK and other European countries, and the Society sponsors sessions at conferences on both sides of the Atlantic. The website provides: an introduction to the Society; the latest edition of the Society's newsletter (in PDF format); a selection of relevant Web links; details on how to join and pay dues; and a questionnaire for any scholar (including non-members) working in the field who would like their details to be included in the Society's directory. This site would be of use to academics already researching in this area, and also students wishing to undertake further study in this field.
The Heritage of the Great War website focuses on people's experiences of the First World War, rather than military tactics or statistics. To this end the site provides access to: a large collection of (sometimes explicit) contemporary photographs; related poetry and prose; political cartoons; music; and related articles. Some of the photographs are in (original) colour, and many are annotated with biographical or historical notes, as well as quotes from soldiers and others involved in the conflict. The 'Literary War' section looks at works by: Siegfried Sassoon, John McCrae and J.R.R. Tolkien, as well as some lesser-known works and writers. Full texts are mostly provided, all of which are illustrated, some also with background information and biographical notes on the author. Music from the period is available as midi-files or as MP3s (the latter as part of a downloadable article on the subject). There is also a Great War discussion forum. Most of the resources on the site are available in English, but a few articles are in Dutch only. Items can be accessed by genre from the main page, or by theme from an extensive side menu. This site would be of interest to anyone studying the First World War, or to those teaching the topic from literary, social, and historical standpoints.
The website "History: In the Footsteps of King Harold" is a Channel 4 microsite to accompany a television programme on the same subject. It provides a brief timeline and history of one of England's "unsung heroes" King Harold II (born c. 1020). Doomed to be remembered primarily as the loser of the Battle of Hastings in 1066, this website rehabilitates Harold as a victor over the Vikings as well as an astute political mover. The story of Harold, who did not become king until 1066, is presented as an annotated chronology. The site provides accounts of both legend and fact, but is a good guide to the main episodes in Harold's life for those who wish to know a little more. The locations which hosted the major events of Harold's life are paid a little more attention, such as: Bosham; Pevensey; Hereford; Waltham Abbey; Rhuddlan; Caen; Bayeux; Dives-sur-Mer; Stamford Bridge; and Battle. There are also links to relevant external websites. A well laid-out site that provides an excellent basic introduction to the subject.
This website is an online resource offered in collaboration by the Science Museum, the National Museum of Photography, Film & Television, and the National Railway Museum, which together form the National Museum of Science and Industry (NMSI). Over 30,000 objects, images and pictures from the combined collections are accessible via the site, with the aim of 'Celebrating and exploring the many feats of human ingenuity that have shaped our lives'. While the overall presentation of the site suggests it is for a general audience, its links to primary source material in the hard copy collection broaden its usefulness to the needs of undergraduate students. The site is divided into sections: 'Read', offers articles across a range of subjects, with links to associated images, further readings, biographies and primary source materials; 'Debate' enables online discussions, including, for example, 'Should the state pay to make ugly people beautiful?'; 'See' has access to more than 30,000 images from the collection of the NMSI, many of which have not been seen publicly before; 'Create' offers the opportunity to build an image library. This site offers useful access to a huge collection of material for the early stages of research and, aside from a visually irritating home page, is well-presented and structured so that users can follow the information through various levels of detail.
The website "James VI and I" introduces the the Stuart monarch who brought the English and Scottish crowns together in 1603. The site is authored and published by an enthusiast, and provides reference material and primary and secondary resources on this British ruler. The site is split into five sections: Life, Works, Essays, More and Books. Life provides a biography of James, whilst Works offers transcripts of his writings, including A Counterblaste to Tobacco, speeches, edicts and sonnets. Essays provides access to a handful of academic essays concerned with this monarch, and More houses links to further resources, including more biographies, images, analysis of his writings, and additional primary source material. The Books section is a short bibliography of titles concerning James VI and I, with links to Amazon for those who wish to purchase copies. A good link to the full text of the King James Bible is offered on this site.
Joan of Arc - Maid of Heaven is a comprehensive website about Joan of Arc with information about the biography 'Maid of Heaven' by Ben D. Kennedy, and complete historical information about Joan of Arc. The website contains a detailed biography; a time-line of events; various quotes, references, and pictures; and also several full length books like Mark Twains biography about Joan of Arc and G. B. Shaws play Saint Joan. The website is, unfortunately, a bit cluttered and flashing advertisements will mean the Web page loads more slowly for some users. Nonetheless, a valuable historical resource on a very famous figure.
'Joe Orton Online' is a substantial and well-designed website that celebrates and explores the life and work of British playwright Joe Orton (1933-1967). This website is illustrated and contains scholarly materials such as a timeline, a large photo gallery that includes the photomontage-altered library books, an illustrated biography including details of the novels, details of all the plays, and details of the fifteen scholars who have so far contributed to the website. The website has been published with the support of the Orton Estate.
The Lambert website is a tribute to Major-General John Lambert (1619-1683), one of the most influential men during the English Civil Wars and the Interregnum which followed. Generally acknowledged as a great military commander, Lambert was also important as a statesman during the Republic of 1649 to 1660. He was probably the author of the Instrument of Government, which attempted to establish a written constitution, and which also made Oliver Cromwell the Lord Protector. The website provides an overview of his life, including the years of his imprisonment after the Restoration of 1660. A bibliography is also provided.
The website of the Journal of Historical Biography provides free and open access to the full texts of articles on all aspects of historical biography and to reviews of biographical works. Run by the History Department at University of the Fraser Valley, British Columbia, the journal and easy to use website were set up in Spring 2007; the journal is published in Spring and Autumn. The articles are international in scope and are peer reviewed. The online journal, in the form of a PDF, opens in a new window. The Submissions section on the website provides useful instructions for papers, which can be submitted in either English or French.
Letters from Private Alexander Arnot, 2nd Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders are letters written from the Western Front and originally published in the Scottish newspaper the Coatbridge Leader. The website is the work of history enthusiast Jeremy Rawson, who has also published his grandmother's memoirs of Sussex in the early 20th century, and the Boer-War diary of another ancestor (Harvey Rawson) on his website. The letters give a first-hand account of life in the trenches: the conditions; the battles; the loss of life; and the near-misses. The letters cover the period 1914 to 1915, when Arnot was killed at St Julien, near Ypres. As the letters were written to Arnot's former technical school principal, they often mention lost comrades, making them all the more poignant. The site also includes the Coatbridge Leader's notice of Arnot's death in 1915. This resource would be of use to students of First World War history, and those with a general interest in the subject.
"The Life and Tragedy of Alexandra Feodorovna" is a hypertext of the biography written by Baroness Sophie Buxhoeveden to honour and commemorate her friend, the last Tsarista of Russia. The Baroness became a lady-in-waiting to Alexandra in 1904, and in 1913 her official Lady-in-waiting, and therefore had direct contact with the royal family and often commented that she felt part of the family. The Baroness accompanied the royal family during their exile to Tolbosk in 1917, and writes of her first hand experience with the journey and the actions of the Tsar and his family. The biography begins at Alexandra's childhood and her relationship with her mother Princess Alice, Victoria I's daughter. The chapters follow Alexandra's life through her engagement and conversion, motherhood, her involvement with Rasputin, and finally to the revolution, the abdication, and exile. This is an ideal website for those looking far a primary resource on the Alexandra and her family. The site contained some broken internal links at the time of last review.
The Margot Project's website, based at the University of Waterloo, Canada, is an online forum for the publishing of medieval and early modern texts in French. Aside from details of the Project itself, items currently available on the site include: a corpus of Anglo-Norman verse hagiography from 1100-1400 (the Campsey Project); excerpts from the Roman de la Rose in the original French and also in English translation; and texts by women writers from the Ancien Regime (in PDF format). The Campsey Project provides an image of first folio of each of the saints' lives from the original manuscript, plus the facility to search the texts by keyword. The excerpts from the Roman de la Rose are in PDF format, and are meant to be read in conjunction with the book 'Debating the Roman de la Rose : a critical anthology' by Christine McWebb. To add to the main resources, the site also provides: links to related websites; the latest project news; and details of related conferences and publications. This site would be of use to students studying the history of the French language, as well as medieval and early modern scholars. The Project is ongoing, and it is hoped that more texts will be added in future.
The website of the National Ex-Prisoner of War Association provides information on and for British prisoners of war, mostly from the Second World War and is an invaluable resource for anyone interested in military history. This is a large and detailed site, well laid out and with a variety of resources including photos and personal recollections. FAQ is an excellent starting point for users coming to the website, or new to the topic. The following sections are of most of use to researchers: Book Reviews, which covers both the First and Second World Wars and Quarterly Newsletters, which will help anyone trying to trace POWs, or interested in photos from the camps. Links provides a list of resources available worldwide, whilst Photo Galleries has some excellent images. POW Camp List provides an invaluable list of the camps in Germany, Poland, France, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Ukraine, Finland, Norway, Denmark, Luxemburg, Belgium, Holland, Romania, Holland, Italy, Greece and Yugoslavia in the Second World War. The Association is a registered charity.
“One Life: The Mask of Lincoln” website is a companion to a National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution exhibition from November 2008 to July 2009 that “concentrates on presidential portraits to show the changing face that Abraham Lincoln presented to the world as he led the fight for the Union”. Individuals will need an audio plug-in to make full use of this site and a number of lesson plans can be downloaded by both teachers and students in the form of PDF documents. Provided here are a large number of portraits and photographs of Lincoln, between 1857 and 1865, that trace his days as a fresh faced “new man of the American west” to the years he spent as sixteenth President of the United States of America. The site contains a general introduction followed by photos, paintings, and prints of Lincoln before he became president and during the Civil War, and a small number of selected prints of Lincoln contemporaries. In addition, users have access to a number of interviews with historians on topics such as the Lincoln death masks and the Emancipation Proclamation. This is a wonderful resource for students and teachers of all ages about the American “nation’s most mythic and transformative president”.
The Online Resource Book for Medieval Studies (ORB) is a co-operative effort on the part of scholars across the Internet to establish an online textbook source for medieval studies. In principle, authors of the various articles that make up ORB maintain their own articles at their own locations. Each article is connected to ORB's Title Index, after having been judged by at least two peer-reviewers. In addition, each article is linked directly to related articles and other information available on the Internet. You can browse the collection by subject under the following headings: early; high; late; medieval Slavonic and Russian resources; religion; language and linguistics; and culture (including art and architecture, law, literature, music, philosophy, and women's studies). The website also holds resources for teaching and general 'hints and tips' for medieval historians, as well as generic information for the 'non-specialist'.
This site has published some short extracts from Otto von Bismark's memoirs. The extracts offer some insight into the mind of one of the most significant political figures of modern Germany. Bismark (1815-1898) was a Prusso-German statesman who was the architect and first chancellor (1871-1890) of the German Empire. The extracts give some of Bismark's personal thoughts on the changing dynamics in Europe. The limited offering here deals with Prussia's decisive victory over Austria at the Battle of Königgrätz in 1866, which determined the future of German Europe; another selection deals with the Franco-Prussian war of 1870. This selection is excerpted from J. H. Robinson's 1906 edition of "Readings in European History."
The site is part of the Hanover Historical Texts Project, which aims to make translated primary texts readily available to students for use in history and humanities courses. The texts are under copyright but permission is granted to copy the material for educational purposes.
The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (PASE) website is the home of the project of the same name, which is based at the Department of History and Centre for Computing in the Humanities at Kings College London. The project was originally funded (2000-2004) by the Arts and Humanities Research Board and has continued to be funded (2005-2008) by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. There are subsequently two phases, which cover the early and the high middle ages. The project aims to provide a register of all recorded inhabitants of Anglo-Saxon England, and to compile as much biographical data on them as is possible from extant sources. The website is well designed and easy to navigate and links directly to the database, which holds over 11,000 records. The database can be entered in a number of ways, by choosing a topic of interest, including: persons; sources; events; locations; status; offices; and occupations. The range of browsing options then varies according to the topic. The user can then access citations and lines of text that refer to the topics chosen. This database would be of use to scholars of Anglo-Saxon and social history. The project website contains plenty of information about the historical and technical aspects of PASE, setting out the context, objectives and methodology of the project, together with information on relevant conferences and publications.
The Perseus collection of Renaissance materials is part of the Perseus Digital Library at Tufts University. The collection makes freely available online primary and secondary materials relating to the early modern period in England (the English Renaissance). There are also selected secondary materials from the 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the texts available are: the complete works of Christopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare; 'The New Atlantis' by Francis Bacon; Holinshed's history of England; and 'The Political Works of James I' edited by Charles Howard McIlwain. All texts are fully searchable. Students of history and English would find this resource highly useful.
This website has been created by a postgraduate student of Elizabethan history, with the aim of providing educational information on the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. The content is aimed at the general public rather than academic scholars and as a result provides a narrative history useful for those wanting to obtain an overview of late sixteenth century England and the life of Elizabeth Tudor. The site is divided into several chapters that deal with various aspects of Elizabeth I's life and reign. The chapters cover topics such as Elizabeth's life as a princess, her wardrobe, offers of marriage, the Elizabethan religious settlement, Mary Queen of Scots, government in the sixteenth century, European relations, and the Spanish Armada. Also included are a timeline, bibliographies, online articles and an interactive educational game.
The website "Queen Elizabeth (1533-1603) on the Tudor monarch is published by an enthusiast, and offers a number of useful resources on this sixteenth century English queen. The site is divided into a number of chapters, offering a biography, images of Elizabeth, many of them painted by Nicholas Hilliard, scholarly articles, and the full-text of Elizabeth I's writings, including poems, speeches, and letters. In addition to these, there is a section of additional sources that links to material on other websites, and a book list. This last section provides quite an extensive list of titles concerning Elizabeth I, helpfully divided into different categories, with links to the online bookseller Amazon for those wishing to purchase copies.
The Royal Welch Fusiliers Museum website provides information on both the Museum and the Regiment itself, in which famous literary figures such as: Siegfried Sassoon; David Jones; and the Welsh Bard Hedd Wyn (Ellis Humphrey Evans) served. The history of the Regiment is a long one (dating back to 1689) and one of the purposes of this site is to give space to stories relating to some of its artefacts, for which the physical space of the museum does not allow. To this end the 'Stories from the Museum' section of the site gives background information on certain items from the Museum's collection, such as: Sassoon's pistol; Jones' drawings and Hedd Wynn's poems. The site also provides: visitor information for the museum; contact details for research enquiries; and a set of related links. This site would make useful background reading for military historians, or anyone interested in the writers and poets of the First World War. Some of the pages on the site are available in Welsh as well as English.
The Rupert Brooke and Friends Web pages are devoted to Brooke's brief First World War military career, and the friends he made at that time. The site provides a virtual tour (through modern and contemporary photographs) of areas, battle sites and memorials relevant to Brooke and his colleagues. The pictures are accompanied by a detailed account of Brooke's military life and his sudden death. The narrative continues on after Brooke's death to follow the careers of his friends and contemporaries, including Brooke's brother William, and Siegfried Sassoon's brother, Hamo. The account also tries to contextualise events by comparing them with what other war poets were doing at the same time. The site is a little confusing to navigate at times, but the story is an interesting one for anyone studying the First World War, Brooke's life, or First World War poets generally. These pages are part of the World War One Poets on the Battlefield website.
The Samuel Pepys' diary home page provides access to, and commentary upon, the diary entries of the famous English diarist, Samuel Pepys (1633-1703). The Web page also contains a biography of Samuel Pepys, and of his patron, friend and cousin Edward Montagu, as well as a list of FAQs regarding Pepys' life. There is the option to read extracts from the diary by year, to read extracts which discuss the major events of Pepys' life (e.g. the Coronation of Charles II, the Great Fire of London, and the plague), or to read the entire diary year-by-year. In addition, there is an interesting discussion on Pepys' use of secret code in his diary entries using both the work from Claire Tomalin's book 'Samuel Pepys: The Unequalled Self', as well as work by the website author. The website's greatest strength to students and researchers of Restoration England is in its presentation of the vast amount of information found in Pepys' diary entries from 1660 to 1669 in an easy to navigate and understand manner.
Sassoon on the Somme is a website following the military career of the First World War poet Siegfried Sassoon, focusing in particular on his time on the Somme. The site provides a 'Military Tour' of events, including photographs and detailed descriptions of the battles at: Bois Francais (where Sassoon won his Military Cross); Mametz Wood; Bottom Wood; and Quadrangle Wood. The site also provides: a timeline of Sasoon's entire First World War military career (with links to the Somme battles detailed in the 'Tour'); a bibliography; various maps of the Somme battlefields relating to Sassoon's participation in the conflict; and links to related Web sites. The tour contextualises Sassoon's experiences by comparing them with those of contemporaries such as Wilfred Owen. The accounts of the Somme battles mix anecdotes with military tactics, making them easily readable for anyone studying the history of the Somme battles and the lives of the First World War poets.
The Small and Special website provides free access to the results of a project into the early development of The Hospital for Sick Children at Great Ormond Street, in London, which was England's first in-patient hospital for children. The project to analyse the patient registers of the hospital from 1852 to 1914 has been carried out in partnership with Kingston University and funded partly by the Wellcome Trust. Through this easy to use site it is possible to trace patients or members of staff and to find out more about childhood diseases. The database of admission registers can be searched by name, year of birth and age at admission. There are detailed articles about doctors, nurses and patients in an online 'Library' which is being developed. A series of images of staff, patients and buildings is available in thumbnail form, which can be enlarged. This resource will be of use to anyone interested in the history of medicine, social history and the history of London. Charles Dickens was an early supporter of the hospital. If users register, which is free, they can access more detailed information and perform more advanced searches.
The Thomas Fredrick Littler website provides access to Littler's First World War diaries and related images. The site is designed and run by Littler's descendent, Chris Littler, who has transcribed Thomas's diary entries, as well as digitising his collection of First World War cartoon and photographic postcards. The diaries themselves are available as extracts, or can be downloaded in full as a PDF file The site also provides: wartime photographs of Thomas and his family; modern family photographs of French battlefield areas; and links to related websites. This site would provide a useful insight into life in the trenches of the Western Front, supplementing more general study on the conflict.
The TimeRef website is a resource for those studying Medieval history, concentrating particularly on England, Scotland and Wales. The site includes details on: people; places; and events, with the information primarily organised into timelines. Information can be accessed through: navigation bars; timelines; and other graphical navigation devices, as well as a search engine. Information is presented in a variety of ways, including: photographs; plans; digital reconstructions of cathedrals, abbeys and castles; family trees and personal timelines; and maps. There is also: a section on the architecture of the period; a list of links to related websites; and a glossary of terms used on the site. The site is also available in a text-only version. The site is updated regularly.
Tudor England 1485 to 1603 is an excellent website covering the Tudor dynasty in England, from the beginning Henry VII's reign in 1485 until the end of Elizabeth I's in 1603. Devised and published by an enthusiast, both the design and content are impressive, and it offers strong reference material along with some good primary sources. The site is comprised of four main parts, biographies of members of the monarchy, primary sources, general resources, and bibliographies and links. The biographies are impressively in-depth, and cover the Tudor monarchs, relatives, and important citizens, such as Charles Brandon, Thomas Cranmer, and Thomas More. All of the primary sources have been transcribed, and include letters, accounts of events, official announcements and documentation and speeches. The general section includes the Tudor family tree, and short encyclopaedic-type entries about life in Tudor England, covering topics such as government, religion, clothing, and rebellions. Additionally the site features a number of quizzes on various individuals and events, and a useful FAQs section.
This website documents the extensive library special collections of the University of Stirling. The collections are particularly strong in their coverage of Scottish literature, with personal archives from poets, including James Hogg and Norman MacCaig, alongside material related to figures such as Walter Scott and Helen B. Cruickshank. Two of the most important collections that are held at the University are the Lindsay Anderson Archive (personal and working papers, diaries, photographs, memorabilia and his personal library) and the John Grierson Archive (papers, photographs and other material). There is also coverage of politics, from radical left-wing literature, to documents and pictures relating to Napoleon Bonaparte. Other collections relate to scholars at the University and rare books and manuscripts. The website details the content of each collection, with information about searching and accessing material.
The website "Vortigen Studies" is concerned with the history of the British Dark Ages, from the end of the Roman occupation until the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and Saxon England. The site is the work of a trained historian, and is based in the Netherlands. The main focus of the site is on the fifth century king Vortigen (of Arthurian legend). There are biographies of Vortigen and his family, discussions about possible sites of the 'city of Vortigen', and information about places connected to Vortigen. There is also a good selection of transcribed primary sources with commentary, and a collection of secondary articles by enthusiasts and historians. The site also features bibliographies on Vortigen, Wansdyke, the Roman Empire, and King Arthur.
The War Poetry website provides access to war poems from the First World War to the latest conflict in Iraq, as well as bibliographical information on poets of the First World War. The site is owned by Saxon Books, and is partially commercial, advertising anthologies of First World War poetry from the publisher. However, the site does give access to the texts of a few First World War poems, including: 'Dulce et Decorum Est' and 'Anthem for Doomed Youth' by Wilfred Owen; and 'Peace' by Rupert Brooke. More readily available are more modern works from: the Vietnam War; the Falklands War; Kosovo; and Sierra Leone among others, some written by former soldiers. The site also provides comment and views on the various wars, as well as links to related websites. This resource would be of interest to students of war poetry as a genre, and more particularly those studying modern literature.
The War Poets Association website belongs to the UK-registered charity of the same name. The aim of the Association is to promote interest in poets whose subject is the experience of war, and also in the historical context of their lives and works. The charity does not confine its interest to one period or nationality, but as it states on the site: "the primary focus [is] on conflicts since 1914". The site gives short biographies of a number of poets (mainly from the First and Second World Wars) as well as: short introductions to major conflicts; news on publications and events relating to war poets and the Association itself; the latest edition of the Association's newsletter; and links to sites relating to individual war poets. The website is designed to provoke interest in this subject and point to useful further reading, rather than provide many texts of the poets' works, and as such is a useful introduction to war poetry for students and general readers alike.
The War Poets Collection is a website belonging to Napier University in Edinburgh, the home of a collection of documents relating primarily to First World War poets Siegfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen. The collection is held at the University's Craiglockhart campus, the site of which was formerly a military hospital where Sassoon and Owen first met, and where some of their poems were written. The website gives general information on the more than 400 items in the collection, as well as visitor information for the related exhibition, and more on the history of Craiglockhart. Of particular interest to students and researchers of the two poets' works are the transcriptions of issues of 'The Hydra', the magazine produced at the hospital from 1917-1918, which was edited by Owen for a brief period, and which published several of Owen's and Sassoon's poems for the first time. The site also provides teaching materials for students at the Scottish standard and higher level. The site also links to other relevant websites, as well as the Napier University Learning and Information Services (NULIS) catalogue, where all items in the War Poets Collection can be found.
The Wellington Papers Website is part of the University of Southampton's Special Collections web pages, and hosts a database of descriptions of the Library's collection of the papers of Arthur Wellesley, first Duke of Wellington. Southampton holds around 100,000 items relating to Wellesley, including: the Duke's political; military; official; and diplomatic papers. The library holds: around 15,000 papers covering the period to 1805; approximately 25,000 for the period 1806-18; and around 30,000 each for the periods 1819-32 and 1833-52. The database can be searched in various sections (divided by date) or as a whole, either by a basic or a more advanced keyword search facility. The descriptions are comprehensive and include information such as: title; date; physical description of the item; whether the item is available for research; and notes of any published versions of the item or published works that refer directly to it. The descriptions may be downloaded for research or in-house use, and would be useful to researchers studying the period or the life of the Duke himself. The database homepage (different from the main page) gives some useful background to the archive and the life of the Duke of Wellington, and links to more detailed information on the structure of the database itself. Users have to choose whether they agree to the copyright statement before they can access the database.
Who Knew Whom is an online database which focuses upon the connectivity of famous people. Compiled by Nat Goodden of the University of Gloucestershire, the intention is to provide a map of cultural networks based on the connections - such as by friendship, acquaintance, family, or collaboration - between artists, musicians, scientists, philosophers and other notable people throughout history. Each connection must be proven by evidence that can be supported by an authoritative source available on the Internet. The database is searchable by name, or by browsing an alphabetical list of names, and provides a brief summary of each individual's connections to other people in the database.
The Wilfred Owen Association (WOA) website provides information on the poet and his life, as well as some details of the association itself. This information is accessed via menus at the side of the main page, under the headings: 'His Life'; 'Virtual Tour'; 'Memorials'; 'His Poetry'; 'Web Links'; and 'WOA'. The biographical section is comprised of a timeline of major events in Owen's life, and photographs of his close family. The 'Virtual Tour' consists of photographs of places where Owen lived and also of relevance to his life as a soldier in the First World War. The poetry section provides texts of Owen's poems, and a short essay on each of them. The site would be helpful to anyone studying First World War poetry, and of course Owen in particular. The site gives contact details for the chair of the WOA, for those interested in joining or finding out more about its activities.
This website, which is made available by the AHRC (Arts and Humanities Research Council) Centre for Editing Lives and Letters, presents an enhanced online edition of the workdiaries of Robert Boyle. This builds on the original online edition published by the Robert Boyle Project and the Perseus Project, and includes digitised images of the original manuscripts. Boyle (1627-91) was among the most important early modern British scientists, and is held to have been the chief progenitor of the experimental method. His notebooks of observations and experiments are here collected as "workdiaries". They cover the period from 1647 to 1691. They include: extracts from literary works; chemical or chymical recipes and notes; details of experiments; measurements; descriptions of curiosities recounted to Boyle by others, including travellers and artisans; and notes for treatises. These workdiaries are a most rich and valuable resource for students of early modern scientific culture and the history of science, and anyone interested in Boyle himself. The inclusion of images of the manuscripts in addition to transcriptions makes this website of even greater value to scholars. The diaries can be accessed in three formats: text only; text and image; and print-friendly. The text and image version presents a split screen, with the manuscript image on the left and the transcript on the right. This format involves some scrolling. Transcriptions are available in editorial and diplomatic versions for all formats. The workdiaries can be browsed using the View section of the site, and there is also a keyword search facility. The site includes useful supporting material. The Resources section contains: a bibliography; a list of place names; a biographical register of persons mentioned in the diary; and a handlist of Boyle's works. A Reader's Guide provides a brief introduction to the content of the workdiaries, while the Editorial section contains a discussion of the term "workdiary" and the selection of material. The Introduction provides background information on Boyle's use of the diaries and on the documents themselves, including an account of the various scribes who have been identified. The resource can also be order via the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)) on completion of a request access form.
The World War One Poets on the Battlefield Website looks at four British First World War poets: Edmund Blunden; Rupert Brooke; Wilfred Owen; and Siegfried Sassoon. The content is based on four books published by Battleground Europe as part of their 'On the trail of the Poets of the Great War' series. For each poet there is a short biography, and a fairly detailed account of the military service they experienced. Other resources available on the site include: bibliographies; maps; critiques of poems; and photographic tours of the battlegrounds each man fought on. The site would be of interest to students of First World War literature.
The WW1: Experiences of an English Soldier weblog consists of transcripts of letters written during the First World War, by Private William Henry Bonser Lamin of the 9th Battalion of the York and Lancaster Regiment. The letters, originally sent to family members, are posted as individual blog entries by Private Lamin's grandson, exactly 90 years after each was originally written. The weblog also provides a war diary for the 9th Battalion itself. This is a poignant insight into one man's experience of the Great War, made all the more readable to a modern audience through the inventive use of this medium. This site would interest historians and students of this period, as well as general readers. The blog contents have recently been transformed into a book, "Letters from the Trenches: A Soldier of the Great War," which can be ordered through Amazon.