"Hispania Epigraphica" is an online database publishing Roman inscriptions from Iberia (modern Spain and Portugal). For each inscription there is a picture; the transcription of the Latin text and the translation in Spanish. The database is searchable. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
The archaeological site of Entremont in the Aix-en-Provence region of southern France was one of the chief Celto-Ligurian oppida (or defended settlements) of ancient France whose population was in close contact first with the Greeks of Marseilles and the surrounding coast and later with the Romans who eventually conquered and colonised the area in the 120s BC. This attractively produced website provides, within a hypertext medium, a fascinating guide to the architecture, layout and material culture of the settlement, occupied in the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, an account of its broader geographical and historical context and a discussion of contacts between the indigenous inhabitants of ancient France and the wider Mediterranean world. While the ancient authors regarded the native population (called variously Salyes, Salues or Salluvii) as fierce savages who repeatedly threatened the coastal settlers, the archaeology reveals a much more complicated picture of economic and cultural contact which resulted in the adoption of Mediterranean building techniques and lifestyle habits within native communities but which also resulted in the development of vigorous local traditions of cultural expression, most notably in the production of stone carvings for cultic use. The resource also features a valuable history of Celto-Ligurian studies which date back to the early 19th century. Other features include detailed timelines and interactive maps, a bibliography of relevant publications and an didactic archaeological game aimed at a younger school-aged audience (requires a flash plug-in). This resource, which is available in English and French versions, will interest a wide constituency and will benefit both the interested amateur as well as students and researchers of French and Mediterranean archaeology.
The Limesmuseum in Aalen is located on the site of the principal fort of the Upper German frontier in Baden-Würrtenburg, Germany and was home of the Ala II Flavia militaria cavalry unit. This online resource (in German) offers practical information on the museum and its programme of public activities together with an introduction to the history and culture of a major Roman frontier zone between the first and the fourth centuries A.D. Highlights of the website include a series of short articles on aspects of the Roman frontier by Phillip Filzinger and a short illustrated dissertation on Roman tools and instruments by Wolfgang Gaitzsch. The article on Roman cavalry officers and their equipment is accompanied by an animated reconstruction of a cavalry procession. In addition there are numerous close-up photographs of the scale models on display in the museum itself together and of objects to be seen in the museum. The resource also offers a guide to the publications of the museum since 1967 (the series Schriften des Limesmuseums Aaalen) including abstracts and further details of more recent books. This website will largely interest the more dedicated (and German-reading) student of the Roman army and of frontier studies in general but the attractive visuals may have a wider audience, for example, as resource material for school teachers.
This is the official website of the museum of the Roman town of Tarraco (Tarragona, Spain). It contains information about the museum, its collections and past and present temporary exhibitions. The section focusing on Tarraco presents short texts and several colour pictures and maps of the local Roman monuments. There is also an illustrated section on Roman anthropomorphic lamps. The section about the many exhibitions includes extensive texts and several colour pictures on various topics, including: Tarraco and its relationship with water in antiquity; the Maya and the art of Mesoamerican civilisations; and various themes of Roman Tarragona such as the metals, virtual reconstructions and the exploration of Tarraco. The English version of this website includes only a limited selection of the available contents.
Per Lineam Valli is an illustrated atlas that uses the possibilities opened up by digital globes based on satellite photography such as WorldWind and Google Earth. Created by archaeologist Mike Bishop, this website publishes several ground-level pictures depicting sections of Hadrian's Wall and makes them available through the interface of Google Earth. The author has added some interactive capabilities, namely it provides access to MAGIC (Ordnance Survey) maps; English Heritage's PastScape database; and Durham University's Hadrian's Wall Research Framework files relevant to each section of or monument within Hadrian's Wall.
Hadrian's Wall is a massive defence system still visible today and built by Roman Emperor Hadrian in AD122, when he visited Britain. In the following years, the wall was completed with the forts. Today the monument is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This simple website can be used as an interactive teaching tool. Students of all ages will also find this interactive website useful.
Roman Britain, an exceptionally well-thought-out website compiled by an interested amateur, contains a wealth of useful pages and links to information on Roman Britain. The website offers an extensive variety of material relating to the Roman occupation of the British Isles, including: information from the Peutinger Table and the Ravenna Cosmography, and other ancient texts; a section on Hadrian's Wall with maps, guides and information; useful lists of governors, emperors, and Roman military units in Britain; transcriptions of military diplomata and inscriptions; a timeline; numerous little detours into explanations of Roman coinage and calendars, etc.; and gazetteers of notable Britons, British tribes and deities of the period. The website contains only limited amounts of text and instead includes many compiled lists of sites, legions, tribes, etc. and its strength is in these simple, very useful lists. Section "The Romano-British" contains a series of interactive maps, which can display the location of most Roman (and contemporary) sites in Britain. Roman sites can also be mapped using a separate map with simple layers that can selected or de-selected. The maps were working only with Internet Explorer. This material would be of interest to anyone working on Roman Britain, although the sometimes cartoony graphics and dog-Latin scattered around the site might put off more serious scholars. Several pages were missing at the time of review.
This is the website to accompany Guy de la Bédoyí Ã‚Â¨re's Television series "The Romans in Britain" telling the story of the Roman occupation and its lasting impact - "The Romans helped shape the modern world, but as we are entering a new millennium their influence seems to be waning. How wide is the gap between our perceptions of the Romans and what we actually know about them?". This was broadcast on BBC2 and as part of the Open University's Open2 presentations. Contributors to the series in support of the prolific writer (and now presenter) de la Bédoyí Ã‚Â¨re are archaeologists Gustav Milne (Museum of London), Professor Martin Millett (Southampton University), Simon James, Stewart Ainsworth (Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, and Channel Four's "Time Team"), Lindsay Allason-Jones (Museum of Antiquities, University of Newcastle upon Tyne), Bill Griffiths (Tyne and Wear Museums); Gerald Brodribb; Sally Grainger ; David Rudkin (Fishbourne Roman Palace ) and Eugene Fraser (Butser Ancient Farm), and the prolific and respected writer, and director of the Vindolanda Trust - Robin Birley. The website is separated into the 3 episodes: Fact and Fable; Coming Of Age; and Hadrian's Wall. The full transcript of the programmes are available under "Script" and they are the most interesting part of the website. The left navigation provides links to: a timeline; details of the main locations visited in the series; an extensive reading list, links to other sites; and more information about the Open University courses that the programmes support.
This website publishes preliminary reports in German on the excavations of the Roman town at Lahnau-Waldgirmes, Germany. The website contains a map, pictures and description of some artefacts and information on the canalisation system across the archaeological site. The website is frequently updated and may be useful to both students and researchers.
This is the official website of the UK based Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology (SPMA), which promotes the archaeology of late medieval to industrial society in Europe and those countries influenced by European colonialism. The website contains information on the activities of the Society ("newsletter" in PDF format); events that may interest the members; details to join the Society and further information on the publications of the Society. The Society publishes a journal, "Post-Medieval Archaeology"; contents and abstracts (in PDF format) are available in the website. Researchers and commercial archaeologists may find this website useful.
The website "Vindolanda Tablets Online" is an excellent site which provides an online database of the Vindolanda Tablets found at the Vindolanda fortress near Hadrian's Wall dating from the first century of the common era. The site is extremely easy to navigate and features a help section. The database is intended to be used as a learning tool for teaching Latin and Classics at all levels; primary school (there is a link to the Latin course for primary schools, Minimus), A and AS levels, undergraduate, postgraduate and for research purposes. The website is based on the publication of three volumes of materials on the tablets, but obviously offers many more facilities than the printed form. There is a section on the background history to the fort of Vindolanda, where the tablets were found. The tablets provide information on the social, cultural, and military history of the fortress. There is an online exhibition of the tablets, which features sections on people, places, documents, reading the tablets, and forts and military life. An excellent reference section provides information about Roman systems of dates, measures, currencies, military units and ranks, and Roman nomenclature. The tablets themselves can be viewed individually, and through an image zooming viewer. The tablets are arranged as a fully searchable set of digital materials with information included that is related to the tablets. The texts of the tablets can be searched by document type, people, places, military terms, archaeology, and other terms. A comprehensive links page provides information on over 70 websites and a bibliography of printed material. The project is based within the Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents, Oxford University and is funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The initial capture of the digital images was supported by an Arts and Humanities Research Board grant.
This website, focusing on the archaeology of Sri Lanka, is part of Virtual Library Sri Lanka by Rohan Hettiarachchi. It is a collection of news and short articles (with variable quality), some illustrated and some hosted on other websites, on many aspects of ancient Sri Lanka. Topics covered by the articles include: prehistoric settlements; the earliest civilisations of Sri Lanka; the archaeological sites of Pallemalala and Walallawita; the ancient ports of Sri Lanka; the Chinese cultural presence and influence in Sri Lanka (Yapahuwa, ceramics, trade); clay stamp seals; moonstones; marine archaeology (including European shipwrecks); Dutch and Portuguese forts; and historical tsunamis. A separate page on heritage contains in a similar format numerous articles on ancient and historical art and architecture. There are references to myths and these are clearly evidenced. This website can be an excellent introduction to the archaeology of Sri Lanka for undergraduates or scholars unfamiliar with the region; there are some bibliographic references. Some of the articles penned by scholars may also be useful to researchers.