The Ager Tarraconensis archive represents data from a survey conducted between 1985 and 1990 in the territory of Tarragona in Spain. The survey used field-walking techniques to investigate the development of the classical landscape in the hinterland of Tarraco, the Roman provincial capital of Hispania Citerior (Tarraconensis). The survey demonstrated that the analysis of pottery scatters can make a positive contribution to a study of the relationship between Tarragona and its hinterland in antiquity. The evidence showed that the Roman landscape was heavily populated and densely exploited. The project was published in 1995 as a Journal of Roman Archaeology supplement. The archive makes data from the survey available including transect plans, field plans and density plots. Field survey data and pottery data is available to download as either Excel files or comma delimited text files (for use in a spreadsheet or database). All files are under 250kb in size and can therefore be downloaded quickly. The website is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource.
This site describes the archaeological activities of the Oriental Institute of Chicago in the Amuq Valley in The Hatay province of south-eastern Turkey (formerly northern Syria). The highly fertile and strategically located Amuq Valley or Plain of Antioch was one of the great crossroads of the ancient Near East and was densely occupied since the 6th Millennium B.C. The area was home to major urban centres such as Tell Atchana, Tell Ta'yinat and Antioch itself and played a major role in the development of bronze metallurgy and urbanization in the 4th-3rd Millennia B.C. The website is based on the series of annual reports published by the Oriental Institute between 1996 and 2001 which describe the multi-disciplinary work undertaken by the project. This includes settlement survey and geomorphology, archaeological excavation at the tell sites of Atchana, Kurdu and Judaidah, and a project of metallurgical analysis and exploration of possible ore-producing sites. The layout of the site allows you to link directly with the relevant sections of each annual report from the home page as well as to other University of Chicago projects in the Near East. The reports are provided with numerous high quality maps, figures and photographs which can be viewed at a number of scales. Among the photographs are useful archive material from the earlier excavations in the area in the 1920s-30s.This is a detailed and attractively presented resource which will benefit undergraduates as well as archaeological researchers who wish to work in an inter-regional and inter-disciplinary context.
"Ancient Moundbuilders of Arkansas", hosted by the University of Arkansas' Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies, is a website discussing the native American cultures that emerged and developed along the Mississippi river from roughly the 13th to 16th centuries AD.These prehistoric native Americans, known to archaeologists simply as Mississippi Indians, built permanent towns to relatively standardised patterns. Particularly indicative of these settlements are four-sided, flat-topped mounds facing an open plaza-type area. These are thought to have supported ceremonial buildings or the homes of important members of the particular community, and examples are to be found over the entire Lower Mississippi valley. Although many mounds are located on private land, two of the most notable archaeological sites containing such structures are located in state parks: the Toltec Mounds Archeological State Park, and the Parkin Archeological State Park. Toltec, located on the banks of 'Mound Pond', was once surrounded on three sides by an 8-10ft high embankment, and, until 100 years ago, contained 16 mounds. Parkin, believed to be the settlement of Casqui visited by Hernando de Soto in 1541, lies on the banks of the St Francis river and was the site of a village between roughly 1300 and 1550 AD. Descriptions of the backgrounds and archaeological investigations of each site are provided, along with further information about commerce, early European travellers and traders (e.g. De Soto) and the native American communities and settlements. A QuickTime panoramic view from Toltec Mounds is also available.
Antiquist is an online community of people working with computing in the heritage sector. There is a Wiki with some articles on GIS and other computing techniques applied to archaeology that may be useful to landscape archaeologists; a blog (not very active at the time of review); and a mailing list (user registration required). Antiquist promotes exchanges of ideas and discussion on a variety of topics related to archaeology.
This interactive website publishes a GIS research survey of the Roman Appian Way with bibliography; map; and virtual 3D reconstruction. The first section, "About" provides access to the bibliography about this IT project (mostly useful to those interested on computing and archaeology); and section "Data" is not accessible to the public. Section "WebGIS" contains an interactive map with satellite data on which have been plotted all monuments and archaeological features known from surveys. The detail and zoom of the map can be easily selected. Section "3D" publishes an interactive 3D map; it is possible to navigate the scene freely or using pre-defined viewpoints. Readers should know that this application is accessible installing the osg4Web plug-in, and that only the version for Internet Explorer worked at the time of review. The plugin requires a fast Internet connection and readers are warned that it crashed the browser a few times and there are no precise instructions on how to use the mouse for navigation. The actual 3D reconstruction is very sophisticated: it uses photographs as textures for the monuments and provides the position of main modern buildings and trees around the monument. Researchers specialising in the landscape of the Appian Way or 3D reconstructions may find this website useful.
This is the website of the ArchAtlas project which aims to provide a visual chronological and spatial atlas of major socio-economic processes in early antiquity such as the origins of farming, trade routes, and the growth of urbanism. The project was founded by Prof. Andrew Sherratt to test World Systems theory models. The website uses GIS techniques to integrate georeferenced information on archaeological sites and exchange routes with environmental data and satellite imagery. The website publishes a series of illustrated case studies; several low resolution 3D (VRML) virtual worlds; a few QuickTime panoramas; and some illustrated articles on the use of GIS in archaeology. It is possible to export to Google Earth and NASA WorldWind some datasets. This website may be useful primarily to researchers interested on world systems theory and can be used by lecturers in teaching.
Archéologie Aérienne is an attractively illustrated website, in French with some English translations, which provides a useful 'hands-on' guide to many aspects of photographing archaeological sites and ancient landscapes from the air based on a wide variety of examples from France. The resource provides a brief guide to the history and early pioneers of the discipline followed by useful advice on flying techniques and optimal climate conditions; photography, GPS and cartography; legal requirements; interpretation of landscape features captures by aerial photography. The French version includes an important historical, epigraphic and archaeological study of ancient roads ('Metrique des voies antiques'). Other sections include a period-by-period sample of images of ancient, mediaeval and early modern features from the air and a bibliography of the author's many publications. There are also extensive links to academic site of archaeological interest and to tourist pages with a particular emphasis on areas with important prehistoric, Roman and mediaeval remains. The English translation, while useful in places, is not very accurate and omits the technical information included in the French version which should be used for reference purposes. 'Aerial archaeology' is a useful addition to the corpus of websites on archaeological methods and will interest undergraduates and researchers in archaeology and history, particularly those with an emphasis on France.
The website of the Athienou Archaeological Project (AAP), a multi-disciplinary excavation and survey project focusing on the sanctuary site of Athienou-Malloura in south-central Cyprus whose aim is to examine the changing settlement patterns and life-ways of an area which been occupied continuously for over 2500 years from the Cypro-Archaic period, circa 700 BC, down to late Ottoman times. Apart from the important Cypro-Archaic to Roman period sanctuary itself, the project has examined a nearby settlement site in addition to tombs, ancient water management systems, and a series of Venetian burials from the 15th-16th centuries AD, while survey and geophysical work has been carried out in the surrounding valley to put the excavated parts of the site into its wider landscape context.The resource consists of a pictorial guide to the main discoveries by the project since 1990, a bibliography of publications from 1991 which includes the online abstracts of annual reports originally appearing in the American Journal of Archaeology, and details of the Davidson College Field School for undergraduates. This wesbite is a modest addition to the growing corpus of online resources focusing on archaeological sites and their hinterlands in the Mediterranean region. It will benefit undergraduates and researchers studying archaeology in this region as well as a wider general audience interested in Mediterranean and Near Eastern archaeology and ancient society.
A set of interactive web pages exploring the spatial relationships between the henges and barrows in the region of Stonehenge. Java applets show intervisibility between the monuments and viewsheds from each monument. An animated applet demonstrates which monuments become visible whilst 'walking' along some of the monuments. Clicking on the applets opens a window with all available options.
Bournemouth University has, since 1993, conducted a programme of research and fieldwork reassessing the Neolithic and Bronze Age of the Sussex chalklands. Part of this programme involves the carrying out of a number of small, problem orientated ground investigation projects. The purpose of this website is to introduce the first of the field research projects at Belle Tout in East Sussex, and to provide a brief summary of the results obtained so far. This website presents an interim report on the investigation of three cliff-top neolithic and beaker enclosures which are eroding into the sea. Additional pages describe the archaeological history of the site; problems with interpretations; and the current research being carried out by Bournemouth University. Pages are illustrated with line drawings and photographs of excavations. Students in particular may find this website useful.
This website reports on the Ben Lawers Historic Landscape projects, a five-year programme of archaeological and historical research into the past landscapes of the Central Highlands of Scotland. Evidence of the impact of humans within this landscape can be seen from the shores of Loch Tay up to the high peaks of the mountain range. The agricultural landscape was once occupied by thousands of people and is testament to how people lived during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in highland Scotland.The website provides access to project reports and diaries, as well as bibliographic details of the publications associated with the project. Images of the sites and finds are also provided. There are plans to add information and resources tailored for students and teachers.
Bodrifty Iron Age village is on the high ground of the watershed between the Atlantic and the English Channel in the Penwith District of West Cornwall. The ancient trackway, which runs from near Lands End, eastward, crosses through it. Bodrifty is a complete village and fossilised farming system that has survived almost intact as its walls were made of granite. In this area of enclosed moorland are the remains of an Iron Age (600 BC - AD 43) settlement, consisting of the ruins of eight roundhouses within a low enclosing bank. Most British roundhouses had walls of wood and mud of which only obscure traces remain, but at Bodrifty large granite blocks were used for the walls that have survived to the modern period. The website provides information about the village (which is a scheduled ancient monument and open to the public) and the reconstructed roundhouse close to the site built by the owners Fred and Penny Mustill. There is an introduction, several maps and many photographs of the roundhouse during construction together with short captions. There is also a news article written when the site was opened and details for those who wish to visit the site. School parties are encouraged and it is possible to hire the roundhouse for special events.
This website reports on the research being undertaken by Anabel Ford at El Pilar in Belize, near the border with Guatemala. It encompasses the Belize River Archaeological Settlement Survey and the El Pilar Archaeological Reserve for Maya Flora and Fauna. Ford has been attempting to understand the origins and rise of the Maya civilisation in the tropical forests of Central America through active field research since 1983. The project has involved combining evidence from various disciplines, from archaeology to zoology. Ford's 'vision' is of an 'international friendship park on a troubled border', where cultural heritage may be preserved in its natural environment.The website contains research articles and field reports dating back to 1993. It also contains information about the people and community that have helped Ford with her work. Maps, photographs, and illustrations are all included. An 'active education' section provides multimedia displays of the community and location, and provides an introduction to Maya culture. There is also a page of links and information for anyone wishing to become more involved with the project.
This Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust website contains a description of a rapid survey of all of the non-ferrous metal and phosphate mines and some of the more significant locatable trials in Clwyd and Powys. The aim of the survey was to provide a summary of the surviving physical evidence of mines and to promote better management and conservation of the remains. A brief history of mining in the area is presented along with a map and some photographs of the remains of abandoned mines. There is also a link to the wider Metal Mines survey of the area, and to a summary of the Council for British Archaeology report.
The Cyrenaica Archaeological Project (CAP) website provides information about an international, collaborative research project on the site of the Greco-Roman city of Cyrene (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) in northern Libya. An overview of the project, as well as maps and photographs of the site are included. There is also some material on the Sanctuary of Demeter and Persephone (Kore) located at the site. A PDF of the 2006 Field Survey, GIS and Assessment report on the sanctuary by the University of Birmingham (UK) and the University of Alberta (Canada) is provided and this includes: photographs and aerial images; a site plan of the sanctuary area; an outline of the topography; an overview of relevant methodologies; and a discussion of the results. This is a high quality academic site survey which would be invaluable to anyone, particularly researchers, who would like to know more about the project. Its open accessibility also makes it useful for higher education students of archaeology who would like to read through an example of a thorough site report. The website is straightforward to navigate, but the link to the project report PDF only appears in the text of the introduction and is not listed in the navigation bar.
The "Digital Crete: Mediterranean Cultural Itineraries" website by the Institute for Mediterranean Studies (IMS) based in Rethymno, Crete, is an interactive GIS resource mapping several archaeological, historical and cultural resources found on Crete. In short, there are some databases that can be interactively consulted and it is possible to generate maps from the datasets; a series of pre-defined atlases (GIS maps) is also available. At the time of review some maps plotted the data on an empty page (i.e. there is no geographic marking, not even an outline of the island of Crete). Anyone familiar with Crete will be able to make good use of some of the maps and data, but others may find the website very unfriendly. Some sections are also available in Greek only (Western art during the Venetian period and modern notary acts). Section "Archaeological Atlas" contains data on museums and archaeological sites, plus a VRML map of Crete of limited value. The "Ottoman centuries" section contains data on surviving monuments and tombstones. There is a database on El Greco's works. Finally, there is a section on musical routes based on "The violin tradition in the Cretan traditional music" and "The musical tradition of ‘lyra’ in the Cretan traditional music of the Rethymnon prefecture" research projects.
This is a mammoth project that still requires some refining. It publishes a wealth of data, but for the most part it will be useful to people that has already some basic understanding of Cretan geography and archaeology/history/music. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
Dyfed Archaeological Trust is one of four trusts in Wales that have responsibility for protecting, recording and interpreting all aspects of the historic landscape. The website provides information detailing the trust's work, including heritage management, past and current projects, and heritage interpretation. A directory of related links is also provided. The Heritage Management Section gives details regarding the region's Sites and Monuments Record, Planning and Development control, the Portable Antiquities Recording scheme, and the Treasure act. Information is also provided about the Trust's heritage management services and their involvement with the Tir Gofal agri-environment scheme, which aims to integrate whole farm environmental and agricultural management. The projects section details past and present projects undertaken by the Trust, and includes a news section relating to recent activities, whilst the heritage interpretation section gives example of design elements from the Trust's interpretive panels.
This webpage summarises recent research on the most ancient evidence of human beings in Gobustan, a World Heritage site famous for its rock art dating from the Upper Palaeolithic to Roman times. The illustrated article is an excellent introduction for students to an archaeological site only recently (2007) recognised by UNESCO. It was printed in the "Azerbaijan International Magazine" and there is a previous article on the same magazine and by the same authors linked. Featured in the two articles are "cart ruts", prehistoric tracks (roads); petroglyphs (rock art); cupmarks; water channels; sacrificial sites; wine presses; and megalithic monuments. Despite their simple structure, the two articles summarise a lot of archaeological evidence at a very important site. Students in particular may find this website useful.
The "First Farmers project" website publishes the research work carried out at six locations in eastern Scotland (Ballendrick, Claish Farm, Duncrub, Mountstewart, Nethermuir and Upper Gothenscarried) by the University of Stirling. The website provides an overview of the project. The research team led by Dr Barclay and Dr Wickham-Jones explored the settlements of the first farmers in lowland Scotland, an area which was apparently home to a great concentration of religious sites. The project interpreted how farming began and the challenges facing a Neolithic settlement. All final reports can be accessed through a series of files (mostly PDF) and pages. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board within the Research Grants scheme.
The Forest of Dean Archaeological Survey has been undertaking research into archaeological sites within the several West Gloucestershire parishes that constitute the forest. The forest contains surprisingly few known sites, which has led the County Council archaeological team to suspect that there is a need for the large-scale and systematic exploration of the area. Techniques such as aerial photography, field walking, and geophysical surveying are being used to uncover more sites of interest.The Survey's website details news and information about the project. More material will appear as the project progresses. Early sections describe traditional charcoal burning and aerial photography, and there is a brief progress report. The website is intended to be of interest to the general public.
Near the village of Thornborough, North Yorkshire, there exists a complex of three bronze-age henges along with post alignments and other evidence of ritual locations. The henges and their surrounding landscape are now at risk from quarrying developments and the encroaches of a nearby landfill site. Should the proposed developments take place, the landscape surrounding the henges would be permanently altered. This web page organises a campaign to prevent such developments and promotes further archaeological enquiry into the site. The significance of the Thornborough henges is discussed, along with the reasons why the site should be spared development. Email addresses are provided for a targeted email and letter-writing campaign. There is also a link to a private web page for signed-up members of the Friends of Thornborough.
The Fyfield and Overton Down Project digital archive, hosted by the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), is the result of a study of two contiguous parishes on the Marlborough Downs in Wiltshire, England. Conducted between 1959 and 1998, the project examined the landscape of the Upper Kennet Valley, between Avebury and Marlborough, to assess the factors and timescale involved in its formation. The project's primary archive is deposited with the Museum of the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Devizes, Wiltshire, whilst the electronic archive is made accessible through the ADS. The digital archive serves to support the monograph 'Landscape Plotted and Pieced: Landscape History and Local Archaeology in Fyfield and Overton, Wiltshire' and the popular publication 'The Land of Lettice Sweetapple. An English Countryside Explored' and to offer an insight into the intellectual processes involved in the execution of a large and complex project.Available within the archive are:a) four volumes of conventional excavation reports detailing three major excavations and several smaller excavations on the Fyfield and Overton Downs;b) 100 'Fyfod Working Papers' (FWPs) containing additional and accompanying information on aspects of the landscape's heritage, character and archaeology.The material available via the digital archive is present in rich text (RTF) and plain text formats, and (varyingly) Microsoft Word 2, 6 and 2000 formats. The FWPs are organised into a subject index for easier browsing.
This website presents research on the geography of Roman Gaul, in particular on the south-west of the region, by Ralph Mathisen of the University of South Carolina. Locations are listed alphabetically, by ancient Roman province and modern Department, and by site type (such as settlements, sanctuaries, cemeteries, mines and quarries, bridges, aqueducts and roads etc), stages on ancient route maps such as the Antonine Itinerary, the Bordeaux Pilgrim and the Peutinger Table. Full bibliographic citations of each site are also provided. The site was last updated in 2002 and lacks a map of the region which reduces its utility to less experienced learners such as undergraduates, though this resource will benefit more knowledgeable researchers in the field of ancient history and classical archaeology.
An American interdisciplinary team from the University of North Carolina has been conducting research in the Arroux River Valley region of Burgundy for over twenty years. This website concentrates on the use of remote sensing methods in their study and the use of GIS to analyse and visualise the results. The website gives reasonably detailed descriptions of the various techniques and includes many internal and external links to further information and tutorials. The ultimate aims appear to be the creation of virtual reality models, particularly QTVR panoramas, as aids to understanding the landscape.
Hampshire's Historic Environment Web pages provide a central hub for access, together with advice and comprehensive information, to the many aspects of Hampshire's historic environment. The website includes the Archaeology and Historic Building Record, a section on buildings at risk (and a link through to the Hampshire Threatened Historic Buildings at Risk Register) as well as sections on archaeology, historic buildings, historic parks and gardens, historic settlement and water meadows. The web pages also contain a section on Hampshire's Historic Landscape Character Assessment project, an element in the national programme of historic landscape characterisation supported by English Heritage. This resource provides easy entry to the whole range of activities and projects carried out by Hampshire County Council's Historic Environment section including definitions of terms and in-text links to associated relevant information. The Web pages are simply formatted and easy to navigate though some links take the user outside of the new web pages and in such cases the side navigation bar is lost. The Web pages include a comprehensive list of contacts together with a useful thematic links page.
This is the official website of Helike Foundation, which has carried out recent excavations at the site of Helike, on the Peloponnese peninsula of Greece. Helike was destroyed by an earthquake followed by a tidal wave in 373 B.C. Its destruction is believed by some to have been the origin of the Atlantis myth. This website publishes an illustrated preliminary report on the recent discoveries. The excavations have yielded materials and structures from the Early Bronze Age to the Roman period. In the Early Bronze Age strata, archaeologists have possibly identified a corridor house. On the top of the Early Bronze Age layer, sediments containing marine microfauna suggest that the Bronze Age site was destroyed by a natural catastrophe similar to what happened to Classical Helike. Calls for volunteers appear on the website and it is possible to contact the Foundation to request more information or for a donation. Undergraduate students may find some useful information on this website.
The Hillforts of the Ridgeway Project is a long-term research project centred on the Ridgeway and the northern Berkshire Downs. The focus is on continuity and change during the later Prehistoric and Romano-British Periods. Work so far has centred on White Horse Hill, Segsbury Camp, Alfred's Castle, and Marcham/Frilford. Segsbury Camp (also known as Letcombe Castle) is an iron-age fort; Alfred's Castle is a small, hexagonal earthwork enclosure; and the Marcham/Frilford excavations have begun with a Romano-British amphitheatre. Reports are given for each year of excavations outlining aims and results. The website includes information on the 'Segbury art project', which features the work of British painter Simon Callery who followed the archaeological team's excavations. Newspaper articles about the project are also provided.
The 'Horace's Villa' website is the home page of a project that undertook the excavations of a Roman villa near Licenza, in the Lazio region of Italy. The villa is believed to be that of Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus, 65BC - 8BC), the prominent writer of lyric and satiric poetry in the 'Golden Age' of Roman literature under the Emperor Augustus. Through institutional sponsorship from the American Academy in Rome, University of California - Los Angeles, and the Archaeological Superintendence for Lazio of the Italian Ministry of Culture, the project ran from 1997 to 2001. Thought to be the only known, accessible dwelling of a writer of the Augustan Age, the villa features repeatedly in the writings of Horace. The project, under the directorship of Professor Bernard Frischer of the University of California, Los Angeles, accomplished most of its initial objectives, which included establishing the property lines of the villa and the ancient access road from the Via Licinese, and planning the existing structures and re-examining the different construction phases of the structure (including medieval land-use). Available on the website is an overview of the project aims and objectives, accompanied by a substantial review of its findings, including several illustrations. However, a major portion of the website is dedicated to an online 'Study Centre', providing samples of Horace's poetry, detailed examinations of the villa, maps, images, QTVR panoramas, video clips, and a virtual museum presenting many of the finds recovered. A links page and a bibliography are also available.
The I Dig Sheffield website provides an online guide to archaeology around Sheffield and the Peak District. The site, which is funded by the New Opportunites Fund, may be explored by archaeological object or by place. Around 400 digital images of objects from within the Sheffield Museums collections may be browsed by theme, or via a browsing interface which permits selection by type, time period, site, material and then relevant sub-categories. Themes include trade and transport, food and farming, people and society, conflict and war, technology and work, burial and ritual and the history of archaeology. Each image is accompanied by detailed metadata including links to a bibliography of scholarly works and a glossary of archaeological terms. The archaeological sites section includes a clickable map of the region, and details for those interested in visiting sites. The website also provides space for feedback and a message board for questions and answers. Recent news on national and local archaeology is regularly updated. The links page includes general interest archaeology websites, government agencies and royal commissions, websites for local archaeological sites, societies and museums and the numerous project partners. This is an extremely useful site for those interested in the archaeology of this region presenting information in an accessible format (text as well as graphic versions of the website are available), a clear and concise manner and providing a full bibliography to enable users to find further information easily.
The 'Institute for Environmental History' claims to be... "the only one of its kind in Western Europe", and is located at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. The Institute has worked closely as part of the AHRC Centre for Environmental History (2002-2006), and the Institute website has a description of this project, its members, and there is a list of selected academic papers - three of which are available as free full-text PDF files. There are also links to the Institute's 'Timeline of Waste', and an Institute weblog related to the... "history of waste management and the social and cultural representations of waste". The Institute also hosts the Scottish Coastal Archaeological and Paleoecological Trust, and the Shorewatch public archeology project. The Institute website also has a details of staff, and the courses it offers.
The Interactive Ancient Mediterranean (IAM) website is an online atlas aimed at students and teachers who have need of a knowledge of classical geography. The website's 'map room' provides access to maps of the following areas: the Aegean Sea and Greece; Africa; Asia Minor; Britain and Ireland; Northern Gaul; the Iberian peninsula; the Italian peninsula; the Levantine coast; and the Mediterranean basin. These are available to view as high resolution PDF files. There is also information about the project itself, as well as links to other online topographical resources for the ancient world.
The Offa's Dyke initiative is a scheme funded by English Heritage and Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments, based within the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust. The aims are to raise the profile of the monument as a structure of major archaeological importance and to promote conservation and management of the earthwork as a whole monument. This website introduces the monument and explains the scheme, presenting the conservation as an downloadable Adobe PDF document. A number of photographs and maps illustrate the monument and its course along the English/Welsh border area.
The Arveni, after whom the Auvergne is named, were the most powerful Gallic tribe in the 3rd-2nd centuries BC. They took the lead in resisting Rome in 53 BC when their leader Vercingetorix successfully defended the oppidum of Gergovia against Julius Caesar. Vercingetorix was finally defeated by Caesar at Alesia in Burgundy. This survey aims to put flesh on the bare bones of this historical information, especially for the last few centuries BC. This web page describes the excavations and research projects that have been carried out by the University of Sheffield since 1973. The minimal text and age of the excavations make this website suitable primarily to students.
'Jardins et Sites Historiques' (Gardens at Historic Sites) is a full-text ebook edited by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), selecting from papers presented at their conferences from 1971 to 1989. The 370-page illustrated volume is freely available online as a 25Mb PDF file. Not all papers in the book are in English, but many are. Among the English articles are: 'Special problems connected with the conservation of gardens of historical interest in Japan'; 'Ornamental plants in 16th and 17th century gardens'; 'The Aleksandrovsky garden in Moscow, a masterpiece of the 19th century'; 'Eclecticism in American gardens, 1870-1930'; 'Economics of the eighteenth-century landscape park'; and 'The influence of freemasonry on the layout and design of gardens in the eighteenth century', among others. The PDF is a "hard scan" of a printed book and contains no OCR text to copy and paste. This will be a worthwhile ebook for those interested in garden history.
This is the official website of Kilmartin House, an archaeological centre and museum situated in Argyll, on the west coast of Scotland. The Kilmartin House Trust has won many prestigious awards for their high-quality, innovative interpretation of the archaeological heritage to be found in the area: over 150 prehistoric sites lie within 6 miles of Kilmartin. These include Pictish sites, burial cairns, rock carvings, standing stones and the fortress of the earliest Scottish kings at Dunadd. The website includes a virtual tour of the museum with some colour images of artefacts and displays, and an Interactive Monuments section, created in association with SCRAN (Scottish Cultural Resources Access Network). This includes colour images of and information about the key 150 local sites. The website also includes information on their educational programmes and publications, information for visitors to the area and a section on the Trust itself. For some sections of the website Cosmo or Cortona plug-ins are required. The Museum was awarded the Scottish Museum of the Year in 1998, but in 2004 has risked closure. The website has won numerous online awards for design and information and still provides excellent contents. The website includes comprehensive information for anyone interested in visiting the museum and the locality, including a quick preview (photographs and descriptions) of the exhibition. The research work of the museum and the Kilmartin House Trust is also described.
The website of the Kythera Island Project (KIP), an international multi-disciplinary project designed to explore the 7000 year human history of the island of Kythera in the Aegean within the context of changing natural and cultural dynamics and of both insular and regional factors. Based principally at University College London and the British School at Athens, the project has conducted intensive survey fieldwork since 1998 on a variety of island landscapes and to date has documented some 200 archaeological sites from the Late and Final Neolithic period (5th and 4th millennia BC) to Ottoman and recent times, the results of which are summarised and analysed in this resource. Kythera's nodal position between Crete and the Peloponnese ensured a major role in facilitating contact between different parts of the Aegean and the central Mediterranean throughout its history, a role which has also influenced changes in the lifestyle and identity of the islanders over millennia. Kythera therefore is an ideal focus for studying the nature of island societies in their wider context and of expanding the older geographical concept of the island laboratory. Specialist reports, reflecting the multi-disciplinary aims of the project, are also provided: archaeometallurgy; botany; geoarchaeology; GIS; geophysics; historical geography; mortuary landscapes; pottery; stone tools; restudy of the older excavations at Kastri in the 1960s and a new project at Tholos on the edge of Kastri town. Apart from a detailed explanation of the methods employed by the survey team, further insights on the methods of KIP are provided by various PDF versions of the recording forms. Other features include a bibliography of research stemming from the project, a guide to the personnel, and details of sponsors. Historical geographers and historians of the longue durée will also benefit from this website. The site is now archived.
The website "Aerial Archaeology in Northern France" explores the possibilites offered by this archaeological method appplied to the region Picardie, Somme and Churmont. First developed as a result of wartime military photography during the First World War and later in the deserts of the Middle East during the 1920s, aerial archaeology has become a major tool for studying and reconstructing ancient landscape features, many of which are otherwise invisible from the ground. The method and practice of aerial archaeology was pioneered in the 1950sarchaeologist Roger Agache in the rural landscape of his native Picardy. The resource provides a wide-ranging introduction to the discipline of aerial reconnaissance from the choice of the appropriate technology (for example planes, helicopters, balloons and elevated cranes) to the optimal environmental conditions for identifying and photographing sub-soil features. A searchable database of aerial photographs is complemented by a useful synthesis of the history of the countryside revealed from aerial archaeology from the time of the first farmers in the 5th millennium BC to the development of the modern rural landscape. The biographic portrait of Roger Agache serves as a brief history of developments in aerial archaeology since WWII. Other features include an extensive bibliography, a chronological chart of sites known from aerial reconnaissance from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Middle Ages and a didactic interactive game for younger readers of the website. This website is an important resource for the study of the development of the northern French rural landscape and will interest a wide range of students and researchers in both archaeology and history and their related disciplines.
This website describes the "Laconia Rural Sites Project", a series of archaeological projects in Laconia, Greece. The focus of the investigations was to ascertain whether the sites were continuously inhabited or used merely as storage or semi-permanent residences during local agricultural cycles. Surface characteristics and soil were analysed to discover the nature of human activity on the sites from the early Helladic to the Byzantine period. The project organisers have employed an interdisciplinary approach to the project to learn how the rural sites functioned. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Leave scheme.
The Jazira region of northern Mesopotamia, a large semi-arid expanse of rolling steppe extending over the modern borders of Turkey, Syria and Iraq, is characterised by many tell sites which attest to the continuous occupation of this area from as early as the 7th millennium B.C. This website describes the multi-disciplinary archaeological and geomorphological work carried out under the auspices of Dr Tony Wilkinson of the Oriental Institute of Chicago during the 1990s, particularly in the environs of the Balikh Valley and around important tell sites such as Titri Höyök and Tell Beydar. The Jezira has been the focus of much research in recent years into both the diffusion of agriculture and the development of urban society in the Near East. The aim of the project, which builds on previous fieldwork by the Oriental Institute, was to study changes in the settlement pattern and human geography of the area in a long-term diachronic context in a wider landscape context by examining key phenomena such as land use, water management and irrigation, intra- and inter-regional communications and economic structures in the context of the changing physical environment. The resource is organised around a series of annual fieldwork reports from 1993 through to 1999 in addition to several articles outlining the scope and preliminary results of the project which together provide an succinct analysis of the long-term settlement history of the region. The reports are illustrated with numerous, photographs and figures which can be viewed at a variety of scales. This website is somewhat specialised in nature and is largely aimed at researchers working in Near Eastern archaeology and related disciplines and provides limited introductory material to the archaeology of the area. Nonetheless, the reports may also interest more ambitious undergraduate students working on final-year dissertations.
Landscapes of the Dead is a project by Paul Garwood at the Institute of Archaeology and Antiquity, University of Birmingham. This website presents an overview of the project, which focuses on the social and cultural interpretation of Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age funerary contexts mainly in Britain. Two case studies, the Sussex barrows and the landscape of Wolvey, are presented in greater detail. This website contains a summary of fieldwork in these areas, and some pictures and plans. The pictures can be enlarged by clicking on them. In particular, about 1,000 round barrows have been surveyed in Sussex, and twenty of such round barrows have been reported from the area of Wolvey. However, the page on Wolvey focuses on another type of monument, the mound. Two of these monuments have been excavated in that region and a summary of the exploration is presented.
This is the website of the Mallakastra Regional Archaeological Project (MRAP), a multi-disciplinary archaeological and geomorphological project centred on the Mallakastra region of central Albania sponsored by the University of Cincinnati and the Institute of Archaeology, Tirana. This area of Albania is best known in the archaeological literature from the presence of the Greek apoikia (colony) of Apollonia, and a major aim of the project is to examine the cultural interactions between Greeks and native Illyrians in the first millennium B.C. The wider emphasis, however, is to study changes in human settlement and land-use in this region from the Palaeolithic period to the present day through a combination of field-walking, excavation, lithic analysis and geomorphological survey. The website consists of a series of fieldwork and artefact reports from 1998 onwards which are attractively illustrated with numerous high quality maps, data charts and photographs though the resource lacks a general introduction to the archaeology of the area or a bibliography so this is not an introductory survey for undergraduates. The MRAP website is a useful online tool for students and researchers studying the archaeology of Albania, the Balkans, Greece or the wider Mediterranean world but the resource will also benefit those interested in the wider issues of multi-disciplinary landscape studies.
This is the website of the Megiddo Expedition of Tel Aviv University. The archaeological site of Megiddo in Israel, the Armageddon of the Book of Revelation, was occupied continuously from ca. 7000-500 B.C. and features prominently in Near Eastern and biblical history in the second and first millennia B.C., particularly in the period of the United Monarchy when it was one of King Solomon's regional capitals. This attractively presented website provides a useful introduction to the history and archaeology of the settlement and surrounding region as well as providing information on a wide range of topics connected with digging in Israel and biblical archaeology. Apart from providing reports on the renewed excavations at the site by Tel Aviv University and a history of previous campaigns at Megiddo, this website describes a number of ancillary projects connected with Megiddo including the landscape survey of the surrounding countryside, the magnetometer survey of the city itself, the petrographic analysis of the pottery discovered during excavations and a guide to the controversy surrounding the dating of archaeological sites of the United Monarchy. Also featured is "Revelations from Megiddo" the newsletter of the expedition which has numerous articles on issues related to the archaeology and history of Megiddo and the Jezreel Valley.The text is accompanied by numerous attractive images including a 3D virtual tour of the highlights of the archaeology. VISCAPE is required for this presentation. The website also provides detailed information for volunteers wishing to take part in the archaeological excavations.This site will mainly appeal to the interested amateur and to undergraduates but also provides a useful overview for a more specialist audience, particularly the extensive bibliography and the up-to-date chronological information.
The website of the Moab Archaeological Resource Survey (MARS), which has been exploring the Madaba Plain in modern Jordan since 1999. Although Moab is best known as an Old Testament kingdom in frequent contact and conflict with the kings of Israel and Judah, and later for its numerous Byzantine churches, the area is rich in archaeological remains of many periods. The chief focus of MARS is on the development of urban society and its subsequent collapse over the course of the late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age (c. 3500-2000 BC) by studying changes in settlement pattern and material culture through surface survey, mapping and limited excavation at a limited number of sites in the western part of the Madaba Plain (Khirbet Qarn al-Qubish, Murayghat and Libb) which may have functioned as a single settlement system. The cluster of over 60 dolmens (megalithic monuments) at Murayghat, thus far unique in the Madaba area, may have been a religious or ritual focus for the surrounding settlements and provide links to a cultural phenomenon observed elsewhere in Israel and Palestine in the EB period. The resource, directed by Dr Stephen Savage of the Department of Anthropology at Arizona State University, provides attractively illustrated summaries of the 2000 and 2001 seasons which include detailed discussions (with bibliography) of the academic debate about the development of complex societies in the ancient Levant and of the methodologies employed in the Madaba region. There is also information for prospective members of the next survey season. This website will interest undergraduate and graduate students and researchers in Near Eastern archaeology and related subjects. Some links on the site were broken at the time of last review.
This website describes a programme of research to further the understanding of the monuments in the Avebury region being carried out in collaboration between the Universities of Southampton, Leicester, Newcastle and Wales at Newport. This research includes excavations, fieldwalking, surveying and computer-aided 3D modelling. The research programme is described. There is an illustrated description of the prehistoric landscape of the Avebury region. There are interim reports (in PDF format) for excavations at Lonstones Field, Beckhampton. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
This website presents the results of intensive archaeological fieldwork by the Nemea Valley Archaeological Project (NVAP-AS) in the Nemea Valley in the southern Cointhia, Greece. There is a special emphasis on the landscape of the Mycenaean period c1600-1100 B.C. but the area also includes the important sanctuary of Zeus at Nemea itself and was home to several poleis or city-states in the Archaic-Classical periods. The website will be a useful source of archaeological and bibliographic information for students and researchers studying the landscape development of this part of Greece from the Neolithic to the Byzantine period. It includes a complete list of relevant publications between 1982-1995 as well as numerous maps and plans of the survey area. The latter includes several three dimensional images of the local topography together with distribution maps of archaeological sites.The many images in the main text can be down-loaded but the editors recommend the use of a 'hard' Ethernet connection as they load very slowly.
The Thornborough Complex is a set of three equally spaced and almost identical henge monuments, the central one being superimposed on an earlier cursus, a double pit alignment and a number of round barrows. Investigations have been carried out on the complex by the Department of Archaeology, University of Newcastle. Fieldwalking has shown that distribution of lithics from the later Neolithic onwards is strikingly lower in the immediate vicinity of the henge monuments than in the surrounding areas. Excavations have been carried out on two of the henges and an oval shaped enclosure. The results of the excavations are described and the construction sequences of the monuments discussed. The descriptions are complemented with plans and sections of the excavations. Area plans and aerial photographs help to give context to the monuments.
This is the website of "The Nevis Heritage Project", which outlines the project and publishes the final (illustrated and referenced) reports in PDF format. In 1995 the St Kitts-Nevis government proposed to extend the island's airport, posing a threat to several significant buildings in the vicinity, most notably Redoubt, an English colonial fortification. In response, the University of Southampton's Department of Archaeology organised a team of researchers to undertake a structural survey and archaeological excavation of the building in response. However, the Redoubt threat presented an opportunity for a broader ranging investigation of the island's history and prehistory: the Nevis Heritage Project. The project undertakings detailed on the page range from research into prehistoric settlement and social organisation to investigations into the colonial fortifications and landscapes.
The web site of the North Craven Historical Research Group (NCHRG), based in the Yorkshire Dales, provides detailed information about the work of this active community based group. As well as membership and organisational information, the web site offers access to many papers and reports submitted by, or published by, group members. For example, a paper (published in 2005, in the Dales Heritage journal) by the limestone industry historian David Johnson, discusses the findings of excavations of early lime kiln sites in North Craven. Also available on the Group's web site is "Re-thinking Craven's limestone landscape", a document available to download as a PDF file (64 pages). Published in 2006 as the conference proceedings of a workshop held in Yorkshire by the Group, these papers discuss landscape archaeology relating to the limestone uplands of the Craven district of the North Yorkshire Dales and the impact of human occupation and changing agricultural practices on the development of the landscape during prehistoric and historical periods. The proceedings also included a progress report on a local cave archaeology project at Giggleswick Scar, near Settle. Also available on the web site are the indexes to articles published in their publications (Yorkshire History Quarterly, Lancashire History Quarterly, Northern Vernacular Buildings, and the Industrial Heritage Journal).
This website contains information on the archaeological excavation being carried out by the University of Bradford in collaboration with the Shetland Amenity Trust on a site in the south of the mainland, and includes illustrated preliminary reports from 1998 to 2003. The project aimed to understand the changing ways in which people have lived and worked in this part of Shetland and adapted to its changing climate, environment and contacts with the outside world, from the first settlers to the present day. This simple website targets the general public and undergraduate students.
This website publishes research carried out by several Scottish universities and institutions on all the places in the Northern Isles of Scotland (Orkney and Shetland) and Caithness which have the name Papay, meaning 'the island of the priests' and Papil, meaning 'the settlement of the priests'. The location, environment, and toponyms (place names) of such sites are taken into consideration for the first time in an attempt to understand the use and practical meaning of the terms. Individual sites can be browsed using menus or accessed through maps. For each site, researchers have collected information on the local ecclesiastical history and on archaeological antiquities. The preliminary report is also available in PDF format, and includes a useful bibliography. Researchers intend to extend the study to the rest of Scotland. The project has benefited from financial awards and support from the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland and The Russell Trust.
Parks & Gardens UK is a Web resource that is managed by the Parks and Gardens Data Services, a charity that was set up through a partnership between the Association of Gardens Trusts and the University of York. The website contains outline information on places where historic parks or gardens exist, the local authority under whose jurisdiction they lie, persons associated, and contact names and addresses of bodies that may provide further information. The catalogue can be browsed by name or associated people and organisation; it is also possible to access records via a map or use an advanced search form. Each record provides a set of locational information accompanied by a brief description, while a 'Designations' section details any conservation/scheduling or official monuments register information. Some records are accompanied by short illustrated essays with bibliographies and biographies. Attention is drawn to particular landscape features and any buildings associated with the garden are noted. Listed buildings are highlighted where applicable. There are links to other useful resources for landscape and garden history. Access to the website is free.
The website of the "Pathways to Cultural Landscapes" pilot project supported by the European Union provides information about all aspects of research and management of cultural landscapes in Europe. Archaeology plays an important role, but most importantly here it is possible to see its activity inserted in an international context of legislation, research, tourism promotion and heritage management. Several publications can be downloaded (Library section) in addition to information on the individual projects supported (section "Virtual Exhibition"). There are also examples of the GIS applications built as part of the project. Section "didactics" should not be easily dismissed as "for kids". It provides valuable examples of how local research can be translated into effective programs for local schools, empowering new generations with the new data and understandings. There are news and forum sections as well. Some pages are written in languages other than English, mainly about local projects, but overall, the website provides access to the whole project in a few clicks. Both students and researchers may find this website useful.
This educational website, produced by the Northern Irish Environmental and Heritage Service, is dedicated to peatlands, which are one of the most characteristic type of wetlands in Northern Ireland. The site covers all aspects of peatlands including their importance, formation, biodiversity, archaeology, history and use, cultural influences, natural and human factors affecting peatlands, and conservation. Links to peatland related websites and sites to visit are also provided.
The Peatlands website has been produced by the Northern Irish Environmental and Heritage Service and focuses on a characteristic type of wetland in Northern Ireland. The website covers several themes encompassing both sciences and humanities. In addition to information about the formation of peatlands and the biodiversity living in such environment, the website also concentrates on archaeology; and the history of use of peatlands. The excellent preservation of organic materials in such environments makes peatlands an important source of archaeological data. In section "Archaeology" there are illustrated articles on studies and discoveries of pollen; pre-bog farming; timbers trackways; logboats; tombs; stone circles; bog bodies (e.g. Lindow man); and containers for bog butter. There are interactive maps with some information on several sites for field walls, trackways, logboats, tombs, stone circles and bog bodies.Section "Cultural" instead publishes a series of inspired references to the peatland environment in paintings, literature, sculpture, and songs. Section "History and uses of peat" focuses instead on the uses of peat since the Stone Age, including its use as fuel and for construction purposes.
This educational website targets the general public, schools, and undergraduate students and can be an excellent introduction to peatlands.
The website for the People, landscape and cultural environment of Yorkshire (PLACE) project provides information about the research project which aims to promote archaeological, historical and ecological investigation into the interaction between people and the landscape in the Yorkshire Dales. As well as notes on current research projects, the website offers a programme of events and courses, many of which are open to the general public, and a newsletter (published in PDF format). Publications available through the project centre cover a broad range of topics with a focus on Yorkshire, including archaeology, heritage, the natural and cultural environment, and landscape studies. The project centre is based at York St John University, York.
This website provides details of a series of four AHRC-funded workshops and plenary conference exploring the development of the medieval landscape and settlements with in it. Each workshop was based around a broad theme (‘Planning and Meaning’, ‘Working and Sharing’, ‘New People, New Farms’, ‘Belonging, Communication, and Interaction‘) and the website includes synopses of these, a summary report of each workshop as well as an overview of the plenary conference.
This website provides details of a project which aims to “bring together local history and archaeology groups” currently studying the origins of their local places. It aims to provide advice and tools to enable these groups to do comparable studies of their areas, allowing results to be compiled into an extensive database. The hope is that this aggregation of data can transform the study of village origins. The website outlines the project, and is beginning to offer information which would be useful to groups participating: field study guides, thoughts on some common placenames and links to further useful resources. The project originated from a 2009 series of AHRC-funded workshops, which explored attitudes to landscape and changes in settlements and land-use in the Anglo-Saxon period in English history, as evidenced in place-names.
This website presents the results of the Pylos Regional Archaeology Project (PRAP), which investigated the history of land use and landscape development around the Late Bronze Age palace (the so-called Palace of Nestor) near Pylos in Messenia, south-western Greece. In addition to preliminary reports of fieldwork between 1992-1997 and a bibliography of research by PRAP members, the site also provides detailed reports on the re-examination of finds from 1998-2005. The site also contains the following: a gazetteer of archaeological sites with accompanying thumb-nail maps; pottery and small finds databases, with images and descriptions of finds; a three-dimensional tour of the Palace of Nestor (this requires Quick Time); and photographs of the study area. This resource will be of particular use to undergraduate students and researchers interested in Mediterranean landscapes and survey methodology and in the long-term economic and social history of south-western Greece.
This website tracks the progress made over the last few seasons by teams from the University of Notre Dame's Archaeological Field School excavating Native American sites in Indiana. The ultimate aim of the project is to assess the diverse Native American strategies for resisting the removal of their communities by colonial Americans spreading westward. Here, the work is concentrated on settlements south of Lake Michigan, looking particularly at the Bennac Village and the Pokagon Village sites situated in what is now the Potawatomi Wildlife Park. The website consists of a current summary page with hypertext links to pages of earlier field reports, findings, and external sites maintained by the Potawatomi Indians and the wildlife park. The texts are accompanied by illustrations and photographs of some of the artefacts recovered. The site could do with a slightly clearer structure and engage its subject in a little more depth, but it should nevertheless prove interesting to those studying the displacement of American Indians.
The Research Center for Japanese Garden Art and Historical Heritage is a research initiative located at Kyoto University in Japan. The centre's website is in English. The website offers details of the centre, which aims to "integrate various research regarding the Japanese garden: history, design, aesthetics, archeology" within a framework that blends theory and practice. There are details of the centre's staff and researchers. As of July 2007, the website has details of the "11th annual English-language intensive course in the history, design theory, and practice of the Japanese Garden", complete with details of costs, the likely schedule and how to apply. This website may be useful for those investigating aspects of traditional Japanese culture, as well as wider issues in landscape and cultural meaning. The centre also offers worldwide advice about maintaining formal Japanese gardens.
The website 'Centre for Environmental History and Policy' is the homepage of this multi-disciplinary, project focusing on the varied relationship between human society and environmental history, led by the Department of History at Stirling University and the School of History at St Andrews University. The current Centre is based upon the Arts and Humanities Research Council-funded Centre for Environmental History and the Centre or Environmental History and Policy funded by the Scottish Higher Education Council. In line with recent trends in the social and natural sciences, the Centre in Environmental History is pursuing interdisciplinary historical research in collaboration with disciplines already engaged in analysing past environmental change and human development to inform our current understanding of environmental issues. The Centre offers undergraduate and graduate courses. The site provides a list of research projects and details of the staff, researchers and associate members of the centre together with information on seminars, conferences and workshops organised by the research group. Current research projects include: 'Welcome to the Sahel'; 'A corpus of Scottish medieval parish churches'; and 'Hunting Forrests, Parks and Parkland in Scotland'. The section 'History Tomorrow' is created to ease commercial access to the expertise of University of Stirling scholarship. A useful page of links provides a guide to other institutions concerned with the history of environmental change, including the journal 'Environment and History'.
The "Rock Art in Valtellina" webpage provides a synopsis of the petroglyphs discovered around two sites, Teglio and Grosio, in Lombardy, North Italy. At Teglio, several engraved Copper Age stelae depict daggers and axes that are datable stylistically to the Chalcolithic, while at Grosio (also home to a Medieval castle) 5454 carved figures dating largely from the Iron Age and Bronze Age were found on a rock face. Measuring over 84m in length the rock, known as Rupe Magna or "Big Rock", is alleged to be the largest engraved rock in the Alps. The website provides information on the Neolithic and First Copper Ages, the Copper Age, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age, supported by images of the engravings. Further information on Rupe Magna and the Park of Engraved Rocks of Grosio is also available. Students in particular may find this website useful.
This is the website of the Riu Mannu survey, which is a field walking project that seeks to examine the development of socio-political organization in Sardinia, from the earliest occupation of the island, through to the Middle Ages. The fieldwork took place between 1991 and 1999, and was directed by M. Beatrice Annis (University of Rome), Peter van Dommelen (University of Glasgow) and Peter van de Velde (University of Leiden). Analytical studies of the finds, both pottery and obsidian and pottery, are currently in progress. This website contains details about the aims and outcomes of the research. It also contains images of the fieldwork in practice, and a bibliography of published output relating to the project. The project is part of the ongoing archaeological research of the University of Glasgow in Sardinia. Some pages are also available in Italian.
This is the website of "The Society for Landscape Studies", a society founded in 1979 with the aim of advancing public education by promoting the study of the landscape in all its aspects. The Society fosters interest in research and fieldwork; publishes the findings of the Society and other material relevant to the understanding of landscape evolution. Their website gives information on joining the society and on how to contact its officers. The contents of their journal 'Landscape History' plus abstracts for the latest issue (1997) are listed. There are also (out of date) details of conferences held by the Society.
This digital archive, hosted by the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), details the analyses undertaken on soils and sediments from a terraced slope at an Early Bronze Age site on the Aegean island of Amorgos. The analyses aimed to determine the nature and amount of erosion on the slope during the past 5,000 years, and assess the impact upon the formation of the surviving archaeological record. The Early Bronze Age site of Markiani on Amorgos, Greece, appeared to have undergone an initial phase of illuviation and colluviation with increasing leaching and oxidation over time, probably associated with the establishment and occupation of the Early Bronze Age site and agricultural/pastoral usage of the hillslope. The Early Bronze Age occupation may potentially have continued for 800 years, but subsequent evidence shows dis-use, collapse and silting-up of the settlement ruins.The digital archive is available for download in the form of three text documents (all in HTML format), accompanied by 18 images (in GIF format). The images present locational information regarding the site, section drawings from the excavations and photomicrographs of the various soil structures.
This is a webpage dedicated to the petroglyphs at Lake Onega, Estonia, first discovered 150 years ago. Around 1,176 rock art images are known along the Lake's 20km shoreline, of which many have been the subject of extensive study - most recently by the Estonian Society of Prehistoric Art between 1982 and 1994. The webpage offers descriptions and images of several of the carvings and provides in-depth statistics regarding the petroglyphs' morphology and distribution over the area. A bibliography of related material is also provided.
The South Cadbury environs project summarizes the annual field reports from the archaeological investigations, 1994-2000. Cadbury Castle has been subject to intensive investigation since 1966 but the immediate hinterland has received little attention. The aim of the South Cadbury Environs Project is to characterise in more detail the cultural identity of the region centred upon the hillfort in later prehistory through to the Romano-British period. Excavations, geophysical surveys and surface collection are carried out at a number of sites close to the hillfort and reports of these are presented on the website. A page describes a late Bronze Age shield found during the excavation of a ditch. It is recommended to login (with the provided data on the login page) to the website before accessing any other page in order to activate some features.
This website provides a description of the geophysical survey conducted in five sites around the Cranborne Chase by Bournemouth University School of Conservation Sciences. The sites were identified by aerial photography. The five sites are close to a cursus and in an area rich in Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments. Four of the sites proved to have monuments and for each there is a photograph of the location with the outline of the monument superimposed; an aerial photograph showing the monument as a crop mark; and the results of the geophysical surveys. The Handley Down enclosure and the Manor Farm sites were further investigated with contour surveys and limited excavation. Digital terrain models and excavation plans and sections are given for these sites. Students in particular may find this website useful.
This is the website of the Sydney Cyprus Survey Project. Originally based at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, the Sydney Cyprus Survey Project aims to examine settlement hierarchy, mining and agricultural practices and the regional context of human activity in the Troodos foothills area of Cyprus. Now based at Glasgow University, the project has undergone five seasons of field research and one study season. Available from the webpage is an introduction covering the project's aims, methodologies and a brief overview of previous seasons' results. More detailed field reports are also available, supported by maps and images. Data from the project have been archived by the ADS. This website provides some useful information on the project for both researchers and students.
This website provides an online guide to the Tafila-Busayra Archaeological Survey (TBAS), a three year project (1999-2001) carried out in the Trans-Jordanian Plateau south-east of the Dead Sea which was intended in part as a hinterland study of the Edomite capital of Busayra. Conducted by Dr Burton MacDonald of the St. Francis Xavier University, Nova Scotia, the project attempted to connect, both geographically and chronologically, with the work of the Wadi al-Hasa Archaeological Survey (WHS; 1979-83) and the Southern Ghors and Northeast 'Arabah Archaeological Survey (SGNAS; 1985-86). The survey area, covering a region of some 480 sq. kilometres in the region from west of Tafila and Busayra to Jurf ad-Darwish in the east, had previous been explored by Nelson Glueck in the 1930s and Stephen Hart in the 1980s. The resource provides illustrated summary reports (including valuable artefact scatter data) which can be downloaded as Word files for each of the three years of the project along with bibliographic references to the paper publication in the American Journal of Archaeology, the Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan and the American Center of Oriental Research Newsletter. This resource will benefit specialists and students in Near Eastern archaeology, particularly those interested in long-term landscape developments and intensive inter-disciplinary survey methods.
Tales of the frontier: political representations and practices inspired by Hadrian's Wall is the website of a major Arts and Humanities Research Council project (July 2007 - Sept 2009), which is investigating the cultural and political meanings given to this famous Roman frontier system. The project will range in time from the Venerable Bede (8th Century) to contemporary tourism, and will draw on a wide variety of resources including works of art and literature. The website contains details of the project and staff. There are pages for news, publications and events. There are a small number of selected external Web links of relevance to the project. The project is based at the Durham Centre for Roman Cultural Studies, which is also developing the Hadrian's Wall Research Framework.
This is the online publication of the Oriental Institute of Chicago excavations at Tell es-Sweyhat on the banks of the river Euphrates in northern Syria. Sweyhat is one of the innumerable tell sites littering the semi-arid landscape of the Middle East and offers an insight into the development of urban civilisation and long-term occupation history at a relatively small settlement in this area from the Late Chalcolithic to the Late Roman/ Islamic periods ca. 4000 BC - 7th century AD. The Early Bronze Age levels of the settlement are particularly important and have produced rare examples of wall paintings from high status buildings of the early 3rd millennium B.C. The resource consists of a series of annual reports on the excavations and survey work at Sweyhat between 1991 and 2000. The later reports are well illustrated with contour maps, plans of architectural and archaeological contexts and numerous objects recovered from the site. The maps and plans can be viewed in large frame format. This lack of a more general introduction to the archaeological site and its region and the absence of overall conclusions or bibliographies mark this resource as being very much for the specialist researcher or dedicated undergraduate as the annual reports are presented in a format typically found in print journals. Nonetheless this website provides a useful guide to a excavation project at a relatively small and historically unimportant city.
The British School at Rome’s Tiber Valley project studies the changing landscapes of the middle Tiber valley from 1000 BC to AD 1000. The website is composed of a series of introductions to parts of the project, including a study of local Roman towns, a survey of South Etruria and excavations at Forum Novum - Vescovio. The Roman towns project analyses urban settlements in the middle and lower Tiber valley of central Italy, ranging from the larger privileged centres down to the smaller agglomerations and roadside sites. Conducted by a team from the University of Southampton. The town of Falerii Novi in particular has received a good deal of attention, and the website includes a geophysical survey of the town. The other towns discussed in the preliminary results section are: Baccanas; Castellum Amerinum; Forum Cassii; Otricoli; Portus; and Vignale. This part of the project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme. A bibliography and notices of past conferences complete this website. Students in particular may find it useful.
The website "Tombs, Landscape and Society in Southern Madagascar" describes fieldwork carried out in many sites in Madagascar. The website provides a five-page description by Mike Parker-Pearson of the University of Sheffield, of a project which aimed to identify some of the earliest stone tombs on the island, to establish the landscape and investigate the social and genealogical contexts. The project also excavated the remains of ancient Ambaro, probably visited by Robert Drury in 1703. The project brought together the disciplines of botany, archaeology, anthropology and geomorphology to trace the history of Madagascan settlements from as early as the 11th century.The website describes the excavations undertaken, and provides information about Drury's travels in the eighteenth century. There are also images of the sites. Particular attention is paid to royal Tandroy centres, and the political geography of the early Tandroy Kingdom. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
The Trabajos de Prehistoria journal publishes peer-reviewed papers, excavation reports and reviews focusing on the pre-Classical period (Stone to Iron Age) in Spain. All papers are available full-text in PDF format, except for the current edition which is full-text only for subscribers; papers are written in Spanish with English abstracts. The journal focuses on issues on landscape archaeology; lithics; and palaeo-environmental research. There are also papers on ceramics and metals as well as papers on related geographical areas (e.g. Sardinia). All contents of the journal can be searched and there are instructions to submit contributions. The user interface is particularly sophisticated and includes functions to produce adequate citations and exporting them to bibliographic software ("how to cite them"); find citations in Google Scholar ("cited by..."); download individual papers ("print version"); lookup words on online dictionaries ("lookup terms"); email the author; and many other functions helping to find similar papers online. Most functions open in a separate page, pop-up blockers might interfere with the extended functionality. This journal may be useful to anybody researching or studying the archaeology of pre-Classical Spain.
'TRACCE. Online Rock Art Bulletin' is an wide-ranging web magazine and worldwide database catering for students and enthusiasts interested in prehistoric engravings, images and inscriptions from archaeological sites all over the world. It is maintained by the Società Cooperativa L'Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man archaeological co-operative) based in Valcamonica in northern Italy, which boasts one of the most impressive collections of open-air rock art in Europe. Past issues of the online bulletin from 1996-2002 are supplemented by articles, news features and commentaries which have been added continuously since then. In addition, there is a worldwide database of weblinks to over 600 rupestral sites, an extensive searchable encyclopaedia of rock art and links to bibliographic and didactic pages on the parent site 'Rupestre.net'. Registered users can post articles and comments as well as communicate with other online members, making this a very useful forum for students, scholars and the general public to exchange ideas in an international context. While the base languages of the website are English and Italian, the web interface is available in most European and various east Asian tongues, over 30 in total. Because many of the sites features in TRACCE are in environmentally sensitive areas or, in some cases, actually threatened by modern development (such as dams and building projects), this website also serves to alert a wider audience (from the general public to environmental campaigners) to the dangers facing the prehistoric landscapes which produce rupestral engravings and is a valuable news source for individuals interested in heritage issues, both amateur and academic.
This website describes Professor Peter Gow’s AHRC funded project which aims, through analysis of archives, ethnographic objects and a period spent living with the Piro people, to reconstruct the Amazonian landscape as constructed by the trading journeys of the Piro people in the 19th Century.
The "Travels in time" web site is the result of a collaboration between museums and local authorities in three countries around the north western Atlantic Ocean. Their aim is to highlight the cultural and economic connections between the political power centres of three coastal communities in the prehistoric and early medieval periods. The focus is on the three areas of Mid-Argyll in Scotland, Mayo in western Ireland, and Vestvågøy in the Lofoten islands of northern Norway. For these three different societies, the Atlantic Ocean formed an important bridge enabling interaction through trade, communication. and the exchange of ideas and technology. Through interactive maps, a timeline, a selection of short essays, and a gazeteer of archaeological sites, monuments and artefacts dating from circa 700 BC to 1100 AD, this EU sponsored "Culture 2000 Programme" web site provides an insight into the impact of these societies on the landscape. The development of their material cultures during a period of transition from Paganism to Christianity, also greatly influenced by the Vikings, is also highlighted.
The Troodos Archaeological Survey Project is an interdisciplinary, international project that aims to investigate the history and development of human activity and settlement in the Troodos Mountains of central Cyprus. The survey makes use of fieldwalking, aerial photographs and satellite imagery, database and GIS recording and analytical procedures, and geomorphological mapping to locate industrial sites and agricultural villages; to consider and redefine the possible existence of a site hierarchy; and to reconstruct an early industrial landscape.These pages introduce the project and the methodology. There is a report on the survey results for 2000 with information on prehistoric and historic archaeology, archaeometallurgy, pottery, geobotany, and architecture. New reports are being added to the site based on the 2001 season findings.The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
This Arts and Humanities Research Council funded project aims to apply the Historic Landscape Characterisation technique to the Eastern Mediterranean for the first time. This recently developed process, which makes use of GIS to integrate historical, archaeological and geographical data, will allow the project to compare the post classical landscapes of two locations: Naxos in Greece and Silivri in Turkey. In doing so the project will aid the study of the two areas’ neglected Ottoman and Byzantine past. This website offers a brief description of the project, but promises that results will be made available online in the future.
On-line reports of a multi-disciplinary archaeology project in the Upper Tigris valley in south-eastern Turkey led by the University of Utah, a relatively unexplored area which is increasingly threatened by modern economic development such as dam construction. Defined in classic core-periphery terms, this region acted as a frontier zone, from the 4th and 3rd millennia BC onwards, between the expanding urban societies of Mesopotamia and the relatively underdeveloped, but resource rich, areas of the Anatolian highlands. UTARP is a long-term project, initiated in 1998, which combines broad-scale landscape approaches with more intensive survey and exploration based on settlement sites such as Boztepe, Talavash Tepe and Kenan Tepe, the last of which is the focus on a long-term excavation project. A particular theme is the relationship between local populations and the colonial and economic powers who attempted to dominate this area from the Ubaid period onwards and as late as Assyrian, Persian and Hellenistic periods. The website provides a series of detailed annual reports (including specialist accounts of mettalurgical and other artefactual material) from a variety of sources outlining the results of successive campaigns since 1999, though it is unclear from the website if the project has been affected by political problems in the region. The multi-scale interactive maps and quality images of sites and artefacts are complemented by a video introduction to the site using Quicktime and Windows Media while detailed bibliographies are provided for further research on individual sites and broader issues. This resource will benefit undergraduate and researchers of Near Eastern archaeology as well as those interested in broader world archaeology issues such as large-scale economic interactions, landscape approaches and fieldwork methods.
The Upper Tisza Project is an interdisciplinary Anglo-Hungarian landscape archaeology project, based in the University of Durham/Dept. of Archaeology and Eötvös Loránd University/Institute of Archaeological Science, Budapest. The project focuses on three principle aims: (1) the definition and explanation of changes in the palaeo-environment, together with changes in regional economic potential, over the last 10,000 years; (2) the definition of long-term changes in arenas of social power which are related to the exploitation of local and regional potential; (3) the clarification of upland-lowland relationships though definition of the mechanisms of exploitation of upland resources. This resource presents the results of the project in eBook format and, at present, Book One of the Upper Tisza Project, out of a projected Eight, is available. It contains the introduction to the project, the information pertaining to fieldwalking methods and the results and interpretations of one of the three fieldwalking blocks. The site is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource. The eBook itself is stylistically different to the rest of the ADS website and is slightly more difficult to navigate, partly due to its use of frames. A non-framed version of the book is due to be implemented in the near future alongside the uploading of Book Two.
This website on the history of Durham is part of the Victoria History of the Counties of England (VCH) and is supported by the University of Durham, the University of Sunderland and the Institute of Historical Research. The website presents the national and Durham projects, offering details of publications, and information about the trust and its fundraising activities. A few draft articles are available online, as well as some of the sources. The website aims to be a portal for the project, though users should note that some of the more substantial pieces of work produced are available only in printed form. Researchers interested in the past of County Durham will find this website a useful introduction to an important project.
Viking and Anglo-Saxon Landscape and Economy (VASLE) is a major three year archaeological project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB). It aims to analyse the wealth of data found through activities such as metal-detecting, against those found through more traditional archaeological methods. The project encompasses the whole of England, and aims to evaluate the density of settlements found by metal-detecting; provide a framework to identify different site types through their metalwork and coinage assemblages; to study site development and morphology; and to chart ethnic identity and change and economic development. The VASLE website provides a detailed background to the aims and objectives of the project together with an overview of previous research. The website also details the project's methods of investigation and covers the data used along with methods of analysis, desk-based research and fieldwork. The website also provides pointers to related research through a links section, a short further reading/bibliography section and a page listed project related presentations, conferences and publications. The VASLE site provides a public face for the project and will be updated as results emerge.
This website publishes the audio recordings in MP3 format of a conference held at Sheffield University between the 19th and 21st of April 2006 on new technologies in history and archaeology. The papers focus on GIS; imaging and virtual restoration of historical documents; data mining; Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software (CAQDAS); and XML technologies. The papers may be useful to researchers interested in computing in history or archaeology.
Vortex is the homepage of Paul Gough, an AHRC-funded researcher who is based at the University of the West of England. The author's special subjects are the "landscape of peace" and the "representation of war and peace in the twentieth and twenty-first century". His attractive website has a biography, and contact details. There is a large gallery of Paul Gough's art, his video material, and details of his exhibitions along with online copies of his catalogues. There is an archive of the author's 'Writings on Conflict'. His AHRC-funded 'Places of Peace' project, about peace gardens in southern England, is online in full (to find this, click on 'Vortex 3' then 'Publications'). The website also has a useful illustrated directory of 'War Art And Artists: Contemporary British artists on war and peace'.
'Where Rivers Meet: Landscape, Ritual, Settlement and the Archaeology of River Gravels' is the substantial online record of a major British research project examining the religious and landscape archaeology of... "the confluence of the Trent and Tame Rivers, Staffordshire" in the Midlands of England - the confluence of three or more rivers and streams in one location being thought places of special sacred meaning by the pre-Roman peoples of the British Isles. The project was "funded by the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund and administered by English Heritage" and covered an area 3.5 miles by 7 miles. At August 2008 the site contains pages detailing: the project aims; the archaeology of the study area; the impact of quarrying in the area; the project team; and the survey and analytical techniques.
This website provides archaeological information on Whittlewood, which is situated on the Northamptonshire/Buckinghamshire border between Towcester and Buckingham. The project aims to explain the origin and survival of contrasting patterns of nucleated villages and of dispersed settlements by examining the influence of prehistoric and Romano-British use of land; the chronology of medieval settlement formation; the significance of such factors as environment, demography and lordship on the settlement patterns; the functioning of the settlements in the 13th and 14th centuries; their varied experience of contraction after 1350. These topics are being addressed by archaeological fieldwork and historical research on 12 parishes in the Whittlewood area. The project receives funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB).