The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) website is an online resource provided by this publicly funded office attached to the of the Indian Ministry of Culture. The ASI is charged with the exploration, excavation, preservation, and protection of monuments and sites in India designated of national or international importance. The website provides information on the activities of the ASI and short articles on the most important archaeological sites of India excavated in the past as well as news of recent discoveries and excavations. The website also includes some practical information for those who wish to visit the main sites. Some ASI publications are available for purchase through the site and users can also request additional information via a Web form. Recent additions to the site include the documentary Shahjahanabad, documenting one hundred years of history from 1850 to 1947 as viewed from the perspective of Delhi's Red Fort.
Archaeology at the hustings is a verbatim report from an event organised by the Historic Environment Forum in March 2001. Politicians from the major UK political parties were invited to present their views on issues relating to archaeology and the historic environment. The report includes presentations from Peter Hinton, Director, Institute of Field Archaeologists; Professor Lord Renfrew of Kaimsthorn, Disney Professor of Archaeology, University of Cambridge (Conservative Party); Peter Ainsworth MP, Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport (Conservative Party); Lord Redesdale (Liberal Democrat Party); Rt Hon Alan Howarth MP CBE, Minister for the Arts (Labour Party). The event was chaired by Professor Geoffrey Wainwright Vice-President, Society of Antiquaries of London. The audience were an invited group of archaeologists. Questions and answers during the event are also reproduced in the report, together with selected video clips of the speakers.
The website "Architectural Heritage Fund" reflects the activities of this organisation. Founded in 1976, the Architectural Heritage Fund is a registered charity that aims to promote the conservation of historic buildings in the United Kingdom. The website provides information on the fund, rescuing buildings, grants and loans available for rescue work and general support for community and voluntary organisations interested in regenerating historic buildings. The site is well structured and provides clear guidance for groups interested in rescuing buildings. It is split into sections on rescuing buildings, grants and loans, advice and publications, regeneration, case studies, funding for historic buildings, news, contact details and a very complete links section to other organisations involved in the regeneration of historic buildings. Navigation through these sections is made easier by simple menus and a "site locator" which tracks were you are within the site. The case studies (available in PDF format as high or low quality versions for quicker download time) provide examples of the type of work the Fund has supported in the past. The news section has recent press cuttings (also in PDF format) on historic buildings and the Architectural Heritage Fund. Summaries of news from within the fund itself are provided in html format.
ArchWEB - Archaeology in Poland is a website published by Poznań Archaeological Museum that provides online access to several databases on Polish archaeology. There are searchable and browsable databases containing contact details about all the archaeological institutions in Poland; archaeologists attached to any institutions; a collection of full-text Polish legal acts concerning the protection of archaeological monuments and sites; information on Polish archaeological journals (often with contents); an updated list of current and recent conferences in Poland; a series of slide presentations on recent fieldwork in the area of Poznań (in the "Field research" section of the website); and a collection of papers (a few in PDF format) on various aspects relevant to Polish archaeology, with several papers on the challenges faced by Polish archaeologists in interpreting the local archaeological record; aerial archaeology; the preparation of collections for permanent display in museum; and rescue archaeology. On the latter subject there is a section entitled "Pipeline of Archaeological Treasures", which publishes an illustrated report of the rescue excavations carried out along the route of the Jamal-Europe gas pipeline. Among the topics covered are the introduction of agriculture and pastoralism in the region; the Roman occupation; the Goths and the medieval period. The report is accompanied by several colour photographs of artefacts. This website is a very useful reference resource for researchers interested in any aspect of the archaeology of Poland, or just wishing to contact a Polish colleague.
This is the official website of the "Portuguese Association of the Castle’s Friends" that promotes the study and preservation of castles in Portugal and Europe. The website contains information on the association, its activities and membership and is available in Portuguese; English, French and Spanish. The Portuguese version publishes more information and is reviewed here. Section "Património" contains a useful illustrated catalogue of Portuguese castles (accessible by clicking on "Inventário"). The educational section is quite interesting for the many activities proposed, most of these are exhibitions in Portugal, but there are some details and pictures enabling teachers around the world to be inspired and recreate a "medieval banquet" as well as many other scenes of castle life. There is an area reserved to the members, who can download copies of the news bulletin in PDF format. There is a forum to discuss anything related to the association and castles. News on relevant conferences and activities supported by the association are regularly published. At the time of review some contents were not yet published, and it is hoped that new sections will become accessible and the translations made available. This website may be useful to researchers of medieval archaeology, especially if interested on castles. School teachers may also find some useful information here, even if they do not plan to visit Portugal.
This resource introduces the Association pour sauvegarde du Ramesseum and provides a brief illustrated guide (in French and English) to some of the most important monuments of the reign of the New Kingdom Pharaoh Ramsses II who ruled in the 13th century BC, namely a great temple at Thebes (the Ramesseum) and his tomb (KV7). The temple complex of Ramsses (whose full name is the 'House of millions of years of Usermaat-Setepen-Re that unites with Thebes-the-city in the domain of Amon') was begun in the second year of his long reign (1279-1213 BC). The central temple composed of interconnecting courtyards, hypostyle halls and sculpted pylons (featuring for instance the famous relief of Ramsses 'victory' at the battle of Qadesh) was surrounded by other sanctuaries, a royal palace and a mass of storerooms and buildings of economic function. The website describes the architecture and layout of the monument and discusses its decoration within its historical and religious context and provides a virtual restoration based on modern research. Christopher Leblanc of the Louvre contributes a concise guide to the Pharaoh's tomb (KV7) in the Valley of the Kings, its subsequent treatment in ancient times and the results of ongoing study, particularly the renewed French excavations since 1991. There is also a page with links to sites of related interest. Undergraduates and researchers in Egyptology and ancient architecture will particularly be interested in this resource.
The Bath Preservation Trust was founded in 1934 to protect the city's unique architectural heritage. Its website provides background information about the Trust and its work, specifically giving information on the buildings and museums in the city of Bath under their protection (the Trust's headquarters at Number 1 Royal Crescent, which features a description and illustrated tour of the building; the Bath Museum building; Beckford's Tower and Museum; and the William Herschel Museum). The website gives information on the buildings, opening times, brief histories, exhibitions and education and events at each site. The website is easy to navigate. Two main menus allow the site to be explored via the individual buildings, or through more basic information on maps and directions, a guest book (which is also browsable online), a search facility and a news and events page. This site is most suitable for those intending to visit the buildings or join the Preservation Trust, and provides basic information on the history of these sites within the UNESCO World Heritage City of Bath.
This website provides information about a joint project between the University of Bournemouth School of Conservation Sciences and Manx National Heritage investigating a threatened Neolithic landscape at Billown in the Isle of Man. Archaeological features containing Early and Middle Neolithic artefacts were discovered in 1995. The site is being investigated by excavation and geophysical and topographic surveys. Pages are illustrated mainly with photographs of survey and excavation techniques and with some artefacts. There are excavation plans and geophysics plots.
Cadw, 'the official guardian of the built heritage of Wales', is the Welsh Assembly's historic environment division and is responsible for protecting, conserving and promoting a numerous and diverse range of sites. This attractive and well laid out website includes extensive information on Welsh monuments, buildings, parks, gardens, landscapes and underwater archaeology. The places to visit section includes a map with links to descriptions and images of historic sites. There are details of opening hours, admission prices and an events programme. The learning and discovery pages include information on castles through history, including those of the Welsh princes and of Edward I, with detailed information on specific sites and resources for teachers. Owners of historic properties can access advice about listed building status and securing grants. The legislation section details laws relating to heritage protection and guidance on access and listing. Cadw has many guides and publications, some of which can be viewed online or downloaded as a pdf file, although others can only be purchased in hard copy. The site is also available in Welsh.
The "Castles of Britain" website, set up and run by the organisation "Castles Unlimited", aims to promote the study of British castles through a number of services. Around half of the website is devoted to the commercial services that Castles Unlimited offer, including castle research, travel planning (from the US) and an online bookshop. Of these, the 'Travel and Castle venues' section is useful in its own right as it provides detailed information on travelling to and around Britain as well as places to stay and visit. The remaining sections of the website provide a useful resource for those interested in British Castles and Medieval life in general. They include a Castle Learning Centre featuring a number of short articles on various aspects of Medieval and castle life, a 'Castle of the Month' section which focuses in detail on a single castle and a 'Castle Photo Gallery' which includes images for a large number of British castles together with brief descriptions and details of location, type and date. More detailed sections include the Castle Preservation Section which features a number of articles on castle preservation and heritage issues. This section also contains two large 'links' sub-sections on archaeology and heritage organizations and websites. The website also features 'castle trivia' and 'castle ghosts' sections. The Castles of Britain website is well designed and easy to use. Navigation is provided via a non-framed side bar (although this proves inconsistent on certain pages) or via links at the bottom of each page.
The website of the "Centro Regionale per la Progettazione e il Restauro" of Palermo publishes information about this Sicilian centre for the restoration of monuments; a list of publications by members of staff; information on the most recent projects; progress toward the production of a "carta del rischio" (map of endangered monuments); the CRPR/InForma journal, with illustrated articles, academic papers, news and reviews, available as PDF files, and a mailing list. Several articles in the journal and in the "progetti" section present restoration techniques used on organic and inorganic materials that have been applied to archaeological and architectural materials as well as paintings, mosaics statues and other artistic works. A substantial section focuses on the restoration works at Piazza Armerina, including the results of geophysical, archaeobotanical and stratigraphic (from test pits) analyses carried out during such works. Among the topics explored in papers and articles (all in Italian) are: the Roman villa at Piazza Armerina; the Naskhi slabs at Palazzo Abatellis; geological study of rocks used in Sicilian monuments; biotechnologies applied to restoration of organic materials; dendrochronology applied to trees in historical landscapes; the restoration of musical instruments; palinology at Phoenician Motya; restoration of paintings by Antonello da Messina and Caravaggio; X-rays and paintings; conservation of metallic artefacts.
This is the website of the Church Monuments Society that encourages the appreciation, study and conservation of church monuments both in the UK and abroad. The website provides an introduction to the society, its meetings, lectures, symposia and excursions. There are also details on how to join the society, and an updated noticeboard. The publications section of the noticeboard provides a useful list of recent publications with short descriptive reviews. The notes and queries section may also be useful for academics or researchers and provides short articles online. The "links" section provides a list of websites for magazines, journals and other publications, societies and other organisations and sites that hold monument records. The journal link provides a list of articles (and short abstracts from 2001 onwards) published in the annual journal of the society "Church Monuments". Article titles from 1985-2008 are currently available but full-texts are not.
This is the website for The Churches Conservation Trust. It provides details about the trust (which was set up to protect Church of England churches no longer in parish use), a gazetteer called Visit Churches (descriptions and photographs of more than 300 churches in the trust's care organised geographically and chronologically), a list of events taking place at the churches, information on the trust's education work and publications and how to give donations. The website is available in a text only version and easy to navigate. PDFs of publications are available to download. You can browse through churches using geographical and chronological choices (Norman; Mediaeval; 16th and 17th Century; 18th Century; Victorian) but also other criteria such as urban, rural, carvings; monuments; stained glass; wall paintings. This facility enables researchers and the general public to identify local churches owned by the trust and find out more about them and how to visit them, but also allows academic researchers to identify features of interest to them. Hyperlinks within the text links through to a glossary of church-related terminology. Additional articles on wall painting and coats of arms are provided and the site also boasts an educational section containing teaching units on Sacred Art and on linking 50 of the trust's churches with the study of Art and Design, Religious Education and History (for school teachers, mainly). A recent introduction is a few podcasts of audio tours for some of their most visited churches.
This Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust website contains a description of a rapid survey of all of the non-ferrous metal and phosphate mines and some of the more significant locatable trials in Clwyd and Powys. The aim of the survey was to provide a summary of the surviving physical evidence of mines and to promote better management and conservation of the remains. A brief history of mining in the area is presented along with a map and some photographs of the remains of abandoned mines. There is also a link to the wider Metal Mines survey of the area, and to a summary of the Council for British Archaeology report.
Provided by the Institute of Conservation, this is a register of accredited conservator-restorers in the UK and Ireland. The website allows the user to search for a local conservator-restorer by location or name, as well as offering a wealth of guidance to get the best out of working with one, as well as information about caring for artefacts and buildings.
CyArk 3D Heritage Archive Network is a project funded by the Kacyra Family Foundation that is producing digital models of several archaeological and historical sites using laser scanners and other equipment in partnership with several institutions. The models are published on this website with basic data accessible to everyone and a 'professional edition' is available to researchers after registering for free (an agreement must be signed and faxed to the foundation). Several models are already available and these include Salvador da Bahia (Brazil); Angkor featuring Angkor Wat, Western Causeway and Banteay Kdei (Cambodia); Thebes featuring main temple, kitchens and storeroom's precinct, and Bab al-Barqiyya (Egypt); Cathedral of Beauvais (France); Tikal featuring the central acropolis, great plaza and north acropolis (Guatemala); Pompeii featuring the Basilica and Pisa (Italy); Chavin de Huantar featuring the plaza mayor and several buildings (Peru); Tambo Colorado featuring Northern Palace and plaza (Peru); Fort Winfield Scott, Deadwood and Mesa Verde (United States). After signing in, the 'archive' section provides a menu of all available sites. After selecting one, a list of monuments is on the left and at the centre there is an interactive architectural plan that provides access to the multimedia features via icons. Only a few of the monuments of any site are usually accessible for any site. On the lower section, introductory videos; essential information as well as galleries of thumbnail-sized pictures are available for each archaeological site. The multimedia features consist of colour photographs; QuickTime panoramas; CAD (2D) drawings. The 3D Point Cloud Viewer allows to simulate a virtual world experience using precise 3D point cloud data. This website is an exceptional tool for researchers to study and compare the architecture of ancient sites and each project is an exceptional case study of digital recording techniques applied to archaeology. This review refers to the professional edition of CyArk.
The Defence of Britain Project database, hosted by the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), was compiled from field and documentary work carried out between April 1995 and December 2001. The Project was designed to document the 20th century militarised landscape of the United Kingdom, and to inform the various local and national heritage agencies with a view to the future preservation of any surviving structures. The Defence of Britain Project was administered by the Council for British Archaeology and drew upon a volunteer force of roughly 600 individuals who carried out the fieldwork with some 17,000 field visits to sites throughout the British Isles. Structures were categorised as 'Anti-Invasion' (implying structures built primarily between 1940-41 as a response to the threat of German invasion) and 'Non Anti-Invasion' (all other defensive military structures built during the 20th century). In total, nearly 20,000 records are held with the database. The paper record of the Defence of Britain Project, including the individual site records, have been deposited with the National Monuments Records of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Full text descriptions of the various sites are invariably present, although in many cases collected plans, photographs and drawings are not present in the digital archive. However, a gallery of over 800 photographs is available for browsing. The database is searchable via place (e.g. Country, County, Grid Reference), period, or type and condition of structure.
"The Defences of Chester" is the website of a reconstruction project to support a recently published report on the defences of Chester. Although currently detailing only the early and middle Roman defences, the research will ultimately encompass all major periods as regards the defences of Chester. Many illustrations are provided, mainly 3D computer reconstructions, although future work aims to make animations and QTVR (QuickTime Virtual Reality) movies available.
The website of the Friends of Neferhotep publishes information on and collects donations for the tomb of Neferhotep (TT 49) in the Valley of the Nobles at Thebes. Neferhotep was accountant of grain of Amun and lived during the eighteenth Dinasty. The website publishes a description of the tomb and several photographs, as well as information on the recent restorations taking place in the tomb, including some measurements with laser technology. Researchers may find this website useful.
The website of "The DiCamillo Companion to British and Irish Country Houses" is a project which aims, in its database, "to list every country house ever built in Britain and Ireland, standing or demolished". The author, Curt DiCamillo, is a member of the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain, although his company is registered in the US. The database can be searched by location, country, and country house name. The site is rather good and of interest to those who need to contextualise their history within an architectural setting or who are carrying out research on country houses. The illustrations are excellent and a slide show highlights the best of the houses. This may take up to two minutes to download. The section on houses in danger merely states the obvious and does not list any of the houses. The link to Burke's Peerage and Gentry database is rather useful. The site also provides links to societies involved in the preservation of country houses and institutions offering courses and masters degrees in the study of country houses. The site features a pronunciation guide together with a rather tacky gimmick in the guise of a fictional Lord Worcestercleucch.
This website is published by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and contains some information on current research on the temples at Karnak, Egypt. There are a few articles useful especially to researchers. The 'diaporama' (picture gallery) collects in one place all the many colour photos in the articles.
This website is published by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and focuses on the site of Tanis, Egypt. The site, located on a tell, was used as settlement during the XXI and XXII Egyptian dynasties, who built temples with colonnades and other buildings. Several illustrated articles summarise the archaeological evidence, which has often an artistic value. The 'diaporama' (picture gallery) collects in one place all the many colour photos and drawings in the articles. There is a map and a bibliography.
This is the website of English Heritage, the organisation responsible for all aspects of protecting and promoting the historic environment in England. Its website provides details of its conservation and preservation work as well as information about the historic sites in its care. The site features attractive illustrations and photographs, and is arranged into the primary categories of properties and events, research and conservation, and learning and resources. Within these main categories one can find information on such things as places to visit, conserving historic places, archaeology, photos, publications, and the public archive and National Monuments Record. Contact and membership details for English Heritage are provided, along with details of their local activities. Each section offers detailed information, often providing catalogue entries for publications that may be ordered online. Also provided are policies and advice and, most usefully for researchers and teachers, there are extensive and annotated links to Internet resources of relevance. There is an excellent advanced search facility to accompany the browsing of the site by topics.
The website "Garden History Society" introduces this society which aims to promote the study of the history of gardening, landscape gardening and horticulture, promote the protection and conservation of historic parks, gardens and designed landscapes, and to advise on their restoration and encourage the creation of new parks, gardens and designed landscapes. The website provides many resources suitable for academics researching the history of gardens, but also interested members of the public. There are online indexes for the journal Garden History (some only available in the cumulative index in PDF format), with plans for digitisation of major articles. Newsletter contents are also available and the conservation reports for England and Wales, and Scotland contained within them available in html format. The Society publishes or has published on it behalf, a number of informative books, leaflets and reports. A list of these is available in a cumulative index and annual bibliographies of titles relating to garden history are available. Both are in PDF format. The links page provides a list of websites relevant to Garden History. Useful for academics is the register of research (again a PDF file) that is intended as a guide to the research activities and interests of Members of the Society. It can be also printed off as a A5 booklet and contains useful information
The Global Heritage Fund is a non-profit organisation promoting the preservation of "humankind’s most important archaeological and cultural heritage sites in developing countries". The website contains information on the activities of the fund and on membership; "explore global heritage" publishes a list of sites where intervention has been made possible thanks to the fund's grants and includes multimedia (texts, pictures and videos) reports of the funded projects; there is a useful news section; and a travel section with travel proposals designed for a sustainable tourism. It is possible to access the reports using Google Earth.
The Global Heritage Fund makes available grants; application details are available on the website. The Fund also sponsors the Global Heritage Network (GHN), a conservation network formed by international experts.
Hadrian's Wall is a World Heritage Site built by the Romans in Britain. This website is the official site and comprises many sections including attractions, planning your visit, accommodation, entertainment and events, group travel, an image gallery, education, community, downloads, links and a newsletter. The website is updated regularly and is easy to navigate.There is a link to a short sign language video describing the contents of the site, an easy to use site map and a link to the BBC weather pages to help plan your visit.
This Scottish Government website is concerned with all aspects of historic building conservation in Scotland. The site provides a general introduction to historic sites and describes the methods of preservation employed. There is a database of all listed buildings in Scotland, which may be searched by Council, Parish, or keyword. Results give the address of each building, the date and category of listing, and the council responsible for the listing. There is a special report on Urquhart Castle, an introduction to carbon dating techniques, information about historic visitor attractions, a list of places available as film locations, a searchable bibliography of publications, and an online tourist gift shop. The website also provides an educational service which requires registration. As may be gathered from the above, this site is aimed more towards the general public than the academic, but may nevertheless prove useful for the historic building searches, the bibliography, and possibly even for providing the opening hours of historic sites.
This website, forming part of the French Institut National de Recherches Archéologiques Préventives, presents some of the recent archaeological discoveries in France. These include: a 4,500 year old burial site at Crès site, Béziers; eight shipwrecks at Lyon; a Gallo-Roman cemetery at Autun; and the "doline" of Cantalouette, where artefacts from the Acheulian to the Bronze Age have been found. The section focusing on the burial site at Crès site illustrates the funerary rituals in the area and also features a related research paper in PDF format. The section on Autun concentrates on Gallo-Roman stelae and burials. The section on the eight shipwrecks found at Lyon presents six Gallo-Roman ships, a medieval pirogue and a modern boat. The section about the doline includes a timeline. This website uses Flash animations, Quicktime VR movies and contains galleries of pictures and PDF files. An English version of this website is available by accessing the root of the website, but contains fewer sections.
The website of the Institute of Historic Building Conservation (IHBC) introduces this professional institute that represents conservation professionals in the public and private sectors in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Their website contains detailed information about the Institute's aims, membership requirements, branches, and officers. News of upcoming events and conferences may also be found at the site. There is a list of academic courses accredited by the Institute and online essays giving guidance on particular conservation issues. Details of 'Context', the institute's magazine, are provided at the site, as are the texts of archived articles from the journal. These are freely available. There is also an open discussion forum. An 'international' section details the Institute's aim of encouraging greater cooperation between nations. Finally, the site provides links to other organisations with complementary goals. The site contains a lot of useful content.
The official website of the International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) publishes information on the activities of the association, including the annual conference. The website publishes several publications and reports in PDF format; career information; bibliographic information; and training information. A mailing list; membership information and a special section for members are also available. The association focuses on all aspects of impact assessment, including the environmental, social, health and cultural heritage ones. The association aims to be "a forum for advancing innovation, development, and communication of best practice in impact assessment" and its website is a primary tool to maintain communication among interested parties and publish results. Archaeologists interested in landscape archaeology or cultural heritage management may find the website useful and relevant to their work.
The website of The International Centre for Albanian Archaeology is an online portal publishing some information on ongoing archaeological excavations as well as heritage management in Albania and providing access to other online sources. As it is to be expected after the recent political developments, most of Albanian archaeology concentrates on training projects; rescue archaeology; and conservation projects. Among the training projects are the excavations of Durrës; Apollonia; Bonjakët; and Butrint. It contains several pages on rescue and conservation projects, but other sites focus in more detail on these issues: this website acts more as portal. An important section of the website is the online database "Missing Antiquities", which is collecting and publishing pictures of missing artefacts (very few listed at the time of review). However, a page details the looting at Butrint and Phoenicê as well as one success story of a recovered artefact. Hopefully this catalogue will develop more in the near future. This is an important website that draws attention on a spot of the planet forgotten for too long. Anybody interested on the archaeology of Albania, or surrounding areas, should visit it. The problems with looting are all but peculiar to Albania, nonetheless they must not be forgotten and this website does an excellent job in publicising the case of Albania. A small section lists the recent (pioneering) books on Albanian archaeology. From the home page it is possible to access the newsletter of the centre (in PDF format), which is richly illustrated and contains news about the activities of the centre and most importantly illustrated preliminary reports of the ongoing excavations and other field projects in Albania. And in an attempt to do something to promote tourism in the region, an audio guide of Butrint can be downloaded for free from the home page.
This is the website of the International Council of Museums (ICOM), a non-governmental organisation with formal links to UNESCO, dedicated to the development of museums and the museum profession. It provides information and guidelines relating to heritage conservation, and promotes awareness of museums. Published in English and French, the ICOM website explains the remit of the organisation, and provides news, policy documents, and museum directories. Recent press releases may be read online, and a calendar of ICOM meetings and events publicises forthcoming activities. International Museum Day is promoted, and there are pages devoted to past such days, explaining the chosen themes, reporting on activities, and providing annotated bibliographies of publications relating to each day. Essays on each theme may be downloaded in PDF format. There are also pages containing the ICOM strategic planning documents, and multilingual reports from the ICOM general conferences. Useful resources available from the website include: a bibliography of ICOM publications since 1946; copies of ICOM declarations and statements; a list of publications, some of which are available free of charge online and some can be ordered; and a substantial bibliography. An important activity of ICOM that is represented in several sections of this website is the fight against illicit traffic of cultural artefacts. Also featured are the official ICOM definition of a museum; and the ICOM code of ethics for museums. There are several mailing lists, including one operated by the International Committee for Musical Instruments.
ICOMOS is an international non-governmental organisation of professionals dedicated to the conservation of the world's historic monuments and sites. It provides a forum for dialogue and a vehicle for the collection, evaluation, and dissemination of information about conservation principles, techniques, and policies. The website has links to the sites of the various national committees and to the international scientific committees. There are reports from the general assemblies, the various charters, resolutions, and standards adopted by ICOMOS, and a list of ICOMOS publications. The "Heritage at Risk" ICOMOS world report 2000 on monuments and sites in danger is also published on the website. A search facility is available for retrieving specific pieces of information from the ICOMOS server.
The website "Iraq - The craddle of civilization at risk" is an excellent and highly topical gateway resource published by the H-Museum providing links to a wealth of high quality material on the impact of military action and political instability on the cultural heritage of Iraq since the Gulf War of 1991. There is an impressive array of articles published in academic journals, popular archaeology magazines as well as many links to cultural heritage documents and declarations such as the Hague Convention and UNESCO. The News Digest provides links to recent stories on cultural heritage in Iraq published by the major news agencies. Also included are the web links to a wide range of museums, art galleries, archaeological projects and academic publications. A search function for specific enquiries is available. The H-Museum forms part of the wider H-Net which aims to promote the education potential of the Internet by providing an interdisciplinary forum for humanities and social scientists to exchange information and ideas. This resource will interest a wide range of academics, students, professionals in the museum and heritage sector in addition to having a wider appeal to the general public interested in and concerned about 'heritage under fire'. The site has been updated last in 2003, thus some of the links to related internet resources are broken.
This wide-ranging and attractively produced website, 'Underwater archeology', available in French, English and Arabic, provides an illustrated introduction to the history, methods and major discoveries of underwater explorers, particularly those carried out by the research teams of DRASSM, the Départment des recherches archéologiques subaquatics et sous-marines of the French Ministry of Culture. Underwater archaeology has had a long, though sporadic, history, from the time Roman divers salvaged the cargo of amphoras from a shipwreck in the first century BC to the development of the modern aqualung by Cousteau and Gagnan in 1943. The resource features: a historical chronicle of major developments in maritime archaeology particularly since the designs of Leonardo da Vinci followed by the practical attempts to construct artificial breathing apparatus in the 17th century; an outline of the principal methods of underwater prospection and excavation of wrecks together with notes about the conservation of submerged organic materials; a major survey of shipwrecks around the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of France (a sample of some 700 known) in addition to others sites in Malta, Gabon, Martinique and the Indian Ocean; an account of underwater archaeology in Egypt, in particular the spectacular rediscovery of the submerged parts of Alexandria and of the numerous Greek and Roman wrecks off the Egyptian coast. This notable didactic resource will benefit and improve both amateurs and professionals alike, especially undergraduate students of Mediterranean archaeology and history but also anyone interested in wider issues of world archaeology, trade routes, conservation of underwater finds and heritage issues related to shipwreck sites.
David Gill (University of Wales Swansea) and Christopher Chippindale (University of Cambridge) present in this website their research on the trading and looting of antiquities. Among the published sections are: "The material and intellectual consequences of esteem for Cycladic figures" (data available in PDF format); "The material consequences of contemporary collecting"; "Collecting the classical world: the idea of a quantitative history" (includes a PowerPoint presentation); "On-line auctions: a new venue for the antiquities market". Bibliographic references to similar publications are also provided. David Gill also maintains an updated blog, where he discusses "the archaeological ethics surrounding the collecting of antiquities".
Looting of artefacts of historical significance took place already in antiquity and for this reason it has often been silently accepted by archaeologists; some pioneers of archaeological research were also collectors or traders on occasion. However, as the discipline matures, a debate on archaeological ethics is becoming an overdue necessity, and a duty for all archaeologists. This website is an important resource that may be useful to students, researchers, museum curators and heritage professionals; it can be used for teaching archaeological ethics.
An online technical assistance and distance learning resource which covers all aspects of caring for archaeological collections. The site is presented as an extensive tutorial covering the curation of archaeological finds before, during and after excavation. The tutorial is in ten main sections each divided into a set of topics. There is a quiz at the end of each section. A glossary explains many terms and gives information on a variety of materials of use in the conservation of finds and artefacts.
This is the website of The Mausolea and Monuments Trust (MMT) a registered charity for the protection and preservation for the public of Mausolea and Sepulchral Monuments situated within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The website provides information about the trust, its history and its work. The website splits into several different areas. The history link provides information on mausolea under the Trusts care, and current appeals to raise funds to preserve other monuments. There is also information on current events, how to join the trust and an archive of newsletter articles on mausolea. An illustrated gazetteer of mausolea is planned for the future. The link page provided is especially useful providing lists of websites on architectural heritage, cemetery friends, funerary architecture and customs and individual mausolea.
This is the website of the Medieval Settlement Research Group (MSRG). The MSRG aims to advance knowledge of settlements of all kinds, particularly those in the period between the 5th and 16th centuries. A detailed Policy Statement outlining research, survey, conservation and excavation of medieval rural settlements is published on the web-site. There is also information on MSRPG research grants, conferences and meetings, current projects, publications and a guide to MSRG archive held at the National Monuments Record.
Mediterraneum is a print journal concerned with the protection of cultural and environmental heritage, and in particular to consider the issues relating to the survival of historical memory when cultural artefacts are destroyed (whether in war or natural disasters). The website provides information, in Italian and English, about the remit of the journal and tables of contents for published issues.
This is the website of the Monuments at Risk Survey (MARS) that was initiated in 1994 to assess changing state of England's archaeological resource. Its main purposes were to systematically quantify the resource and to set standards for the monitoring of future change. Results were published in the form of a Main Report and Summary Report in 1998. This website provides access to the 'Martian Chronicles', the MARS bulletins that were published between June 1994 and November 1995.
This is the website of "The Nevis Heritage Project", which outlines the project and publishes the final (illustrated and referenced) reports in PDF format. In 1995 the St Kitts-Nevis government proposed to extend the island's airport, posing a threat to several significant buildings in the vicinity, most notably Redoubt, an English colonial fortification. In response, the University of Southampton's Department of Archaeology organised a team of researchers to undertake a structural survey and archaeological excavation of the building in response. However, the Redoubt threat presented an opportunity for a broader ranging investigation of the island's history and prehistory: the Nevis Heritage Project. The project undertakings detailed on the page range from research into prehistoric settlement and social organisation to investigations into the colonial fortifications and landscapes.
The Newgrange Web page, which is part of the Mythical Ireland website, contains information, images and links about this famous passage tomb constructed around 3200 BC. There are many web resources about Newgrange, but this one is interesting because of the variety of information available, and there are a huge number of photographs and some films. The Newgrange monument is famous because its passageway is aligned with the Winter Solstice sunrise on the 21st December. At this moment in the year, a roof box allows the sunlight to illuminate the tunnel. There is a good plan diagram and explanation of this on the website, which can be accessed from the "Solstice Light" link at the right hand side of the homepage under the heading "Astronomy at Newgrange". Visitors to the site can access a list of historical, geographical and architectural factual information about Newgrange by clicking on the "101 facts about Newgrange" link in the central column of the home page.
Nexus is an online journal on architecture and mathematics, which contains a number of research papers on ancient architecture. Architecture, mathematics, perspective, and landscape formation are the most frequently recurring topics. The site includes abstracts and full-text articles; book reviews; a bibliography of books related to architecture and mathematics; conference reports; a bulletin board; and guidelines for the submission of articles. Among the papers of possible interest to archaeologists are: 'Mathematics, Astronomy, and Sacred Landscape in the Inka Heartland'; 'The Education of the Classical Architect from Plato to Vitruvius'; 'The Indefinite Dyad and the Golden Section: Uncovering Plato's Second Principle'; 'Philosophy and Science of Music in Ancient Greece: The Predecessors of Pythagoras and their Contribution'; 'The Arithmetic of Nicomachus of Gerasa and its Applications to Systems of Proportion'; 'Euclidism and Theory of Architecture'; and 'How Should We Measure an Ancient Structure?' The published titles cover classical architecture and its reception during the Italian Renaissance and other modern periods, as well as ancient science and mathematics. There are general papers on architecture and applied optics that may be useful to archaeologists studying ancient art and architecture.
The Northern Ireland Environment Agency website provides information about heritage sites and historic monuments in Northern Ireland. Of interest to the Arts and Humanities students is the section "Built Environment", which features information on building preservation and conservation and provides links to the following sections: Listed Buildings; Buildings at risk; Monuments and Buildings Records; State care monuments; Scheduled Monuments; Maritime Heritage; Defence Heritage; Archaeology. Also here information about events, grants, legislation and Strategic Environment Assessment (SEA) can be found. The site provides information on the listing and grading of buildings, links to relevant organisations and collections pertaining to the area and its historic buildings and information about legislation. On the main page, among the quicklinks, the "Places to Visit" section is probably also of interest as it has information about a variety of buildings and monuments such as Navan Fort, Tully Castle, Carrickfergus Castle, and Grey Abbey among others. Each place can be accessed by clicking on its name on the interactive map.
This is the official website of the "Osservatorio permanente per la protezione dei beni culturali ed ambientali in area di crisi", an international organisation based in Italy that aims at promoting the preservation of cultural heritage in areas of political instability or armed conflict that is part of the Istituto per lo Sviluppo, la Formazione e la Ricerca nel Mediterraneo (ISFORM), an independent research institute at the University of Naples, Italy. The organisation has actively monitored and reported on the cultural heritage of Sarajevo; Bosnia; Albania; stolen portable antiquities of Italy; Kosovo; Palestine; Iraq; and Peru. Researchers may ask to access data (photographs; videos; documents; database) about the past and current projects of the organisation.
This online resource is dedicated to the marble sculptures - the metopes, frieze, and pediment statues - which originally adorned the Parthenon in Athens. It includes an image gallery of the marbles, and a history of the sculptures from their production in the fifth century BC to their removal to London by Lord Elgin in the early nineteenth century. The site's bias is towards the return of the marbles to Greece, although it provides information on both sides of this debate. This includes updates on the campaign for their return, media coverage of the topic and the arguments of the British government and the British Museum against the return of the sculptures.
The Penrhos Trust website provides information on the Penrhos Trust which aims to rescue historic farm buildings that are in danger of becoming lost and reviving them with ecological and organic food businesses. The website provides information about the history of the trust, the first building they restored (Penrhos farm buildings), objectives of the trust and membership and donations. The links page provides links to ethical and environmental related websites including food companies, university archaeology departments and government organisations. There is also a news page, and suggestions for possible new uses for old farm buildings. In the previous events section transcripts of "Heart-to- heart" (in html and some in PDF formats) meetings, held annually to discuss food and the environment , are available.
This website presents information and photographs relating to archaeological surveys undertaken in the forum at Pompeii, which was destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79. The Pompeii Forum Project is a collaborative venture sponsored by the National [USA] Endowment for the Humanities and the University of Virginia (amongst others). A large archive of black and white images of the buildings found there is online here, along with detailed reports on the technology and instruments used to undertake the surveys. Further reports give details of a project which uses the principles of structural engineering to investigate the reconstruction of Pompeii after an earthquake there in AD 62 (seventeen years before the eruption of Vesuvius). The focus is on the urban centre of the Roman city of Pompeii, and its urban history through to modern times. There are also links to further resources on Pompeii for use by teachers and students, and a list of lectures and publications relating to the project.
This website is a "virtual guidebook" to Poverty Point, an impressive complex of mounds and enclosure earthworks on the banks of the Mississippi River in north-eastern Louisiana dating from the middle of the second millennium BC and one of only three UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the region. The site, which is among the largest and oldest set of earthworks in the western hemisphere, has given its name to the prehistoric culture which flourished in the Lower Mississippi between circa 1730 and 1350 BC and which, in its day, was the most sophisticated and socially complex culture in North America. Poverty Point was at the centre of a highly organised trade network which extended some 1400 miles from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes. While many features of the material culture and earthwork building tradition can be traced back the preceding 3rd millennium, many aspects of the site and its culture remain unexplained, especially the function of the earthwork complexes themselves. The resource, an online version of a guidebook published by the Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism, Division of Archaeology, provides a succinct illustrated introduction to the site and its material culture in addition to useful background information on the period in general and a bibliography for further research and study for students of North American prehistory or comparative World archaeology. The parent site provides additional resources on education and information on issues relating to heritage management and the law and will interest heritage professionals.
This is the official website of "The Convention on Wetlands", signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971, an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. Although the organisation is principally concerned with ecology and biodiversity there are articles related to the heritage of and archaeology in wetland environments. These articles are most easily accessed via the site search facility using "archaeology", "archaeological" and language variants of these words as search terms (the website is built in English but many articles are also available in French and Spanish) although they can be found from hierarchical menus. Most of the documents to be found are about heritage management in wetland sites and may be in either HTML, PDF or, occasionally, MS Word format.
This is the website of the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS), which surveys and records the built heritage of Scotland and makes this information available to the public through the Collections of the National Monuments Record of Scotland (NMRS). The site provides information relating to recent or forthcoming research, exhibitions, or other projects connected with the historic sites and buildings of Scotland. The NMRS, named 'Canmore' contains bibliographic details of images and manuscripts relating to each of the sites on the National Record. The materials referred to are generally not available over the Internet, and must be viewed in person at the appropriate record offices. Registration is required in order to search the database. The format of the search output is: NMRS number; name of site; type of site; council covering the site; whether the site is scheduled or listed; and references to materials relating to the site. The search form for the database allows several search combinations, making it easy to quickly locate the appropriate references for whatever research is being conducted. The RCAHMS website also links to PASTMAP, an interactive site for displaying and searching data on Scotland's built environment, particularly legally protected places such as ancient monuments and listed buildings. The website also contains an online shop, news service, and a showcase that gives more information about recent publications. In addition, an educational service is provided, as are lists of links to other sites concerned with Scottish culture.
The Sacred Sites website is a database of images and descriptions of places around the world that are considered to be spiritual. The site is the work of Martin Gray, a photographer who has worked for National Geographic whose experience is evident by the quality of the photographs. The sites are often places of pilgrimage, including ancient monuments, temples and churches, making this website a good place for architecture students to find inspiration and information. The site is clear and easy to use. Visitors can search by continent, or browse through the suggested sites that flash up at the top of the homepage.
This is the website of SAVE, a registered charity dedicated to the conservation of endangered historic buildings in Britain such as country houses, redundant churches and chapels, disused mills and warehouses, blighted streets and neighbourhoods, cottages and town halls, railway stations, hospitals, military buildings and asylums. This resource will be invaluable for anyone trying to get together a campaign to preserve part of their local heritage, especially the SAVE Action Guide, available online. SAVE was formed in 1975 by a group of journalists, historians, architects, and planners. By paying a subscription fee, on this website you can search the register of old buildings identified by SAVE as Buildings at Risk (BaR). Without subscribing you may view online details of the current campaigns, recent successes, as well as some previous case histories - with a separate editorial about the organisation's activity since 1999. Publications can be ordered which relate to SAVE's work throughout England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. There is an annotated list of links to Web resources for relevant organisations. This is an excellent resource for local historians and those interested in building history and archaeology.
This is the website of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB). It has details on the society, a notice board, education, membership, events, publications and advice. The site offers advice to the general public about buying, owning and restoring ancient buildings, including a useful questions and answers and change of use section. Of more interest to professionals and academics are the technical statements that state the Society's stand on issues such as church extensions, water repellent treatments for masonry and telecommunication installations inside churches. There is an extensive archive of technical advice with useful bibliographies on a wide range of technical problems. The website can be quite difficult to navigate, making use of interlinked vertical and horizontal menus. The webpages do not fit on all computer screens and it is often necessary to scroll horizontally to read the text. The Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings is a charity originally founded in 1877 by William Morris to counteract the highly destructive 'restoration' of medieval buildings then being practised by many Victorian architects. The Society is the largest, oldest and most technically expert national pressure group fighting to save old buildings from decay, demolition and damage. It also encourages excellence in new design to enrich and complement the historic environment.
This is the official website of the Superintendence of Pompeii, the public organisation responsible of the excavations and conservation of Herculaneum; Oplontis; Stabiae; Boscoreale; and Pompeii, the wealthy Roman city near Naples destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79. An English translation is provided for some pages, but is often rather unidiomatic. Navigating the website is unnecessarily difficult. Several useful resources are buried deep within it - suggested itineraries, a history of the excavations, pictures and descriptions of the individual buildings. The English version sometimes difficult and incomplete. The Italian version is substantially different and with more contents: it is a pity that the main website of UNESCO site could not be translated in English. A Flash animation (the world of Caius) is aimed specifically at children and is available in the English version. There are many virtual panoramas (QuickTime, Flash, and IPIX plugins required), also in the English version.
The Italian version contains important sections, briefly reviewed here. Section "La Soprintendenza" focuses on the organisation and activities of the Superintendence. Clicking on "modulistica" (forms) there are the forms and bureaucratic procedure to submit the request for an authorisation to publish photographs and videos, which is required also for published scholarly works. Clicking on "laboratorio di ricerche applicate" (the archaeobotanical lab) and then on "banca dati" it is possible access to an updated list of plant remains found during the excavations at Pompeii; going back one level and clicking on "bibliografia" instead it is possible to access the bibliography. Clicking on "ufficio stampa" (press office; also a separate section) will provide access to all recent official communications (comunicati stampa), and there are also the links to the "mediacenter" (a simple selector of virtual panoramas) and the "fotopiano interattivo" an interactive aerial view of Pompeii from where virtual panoramas of 24 buildings can be accessed. The panoramas are larger than usual, but also of low quality. "Mediacenter" and "fotopiano" are also accessible from other sections. Section "siti archeologici" has very limited contents, useful are just the PDF maps of the excavations at Pompeii and Herculaneum; practical information to visit the archaeological sites (more information in section "info visita"); some information on the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD (including poignant pictures of casts of victims); and the "mediagallery" (gallery of pictures). Sections "mostre ed eventi" (exhibitions and events) as well as "progetti e ricerca" (projects and research) are very similar and provide some information on recent projects and other activities. This website has some contents for everyone, but there are very few contents for researchers since most sections contain images and virtual panoramas (useful for students and in teaching), news, or practical information. The short texts (mostly in Italian) appear inadequate for use at academic level and target the general public.
This website publishes the full-text of English Heritage's State of the Historic Environment Report since 2002, when the first ever national audit of the state of the historic environment in England was carried out. The reports have been produced by English Heritage on behalf of the historic environment sector in association with a large number of organisations on the Historic Environment Review Steering Group. The resource consists of a series of PDF documents of the reports (at the time of review the ports of years 2002-2005 were available). This resource will benefit not merely those working in the heritage, planning and tourism sectors but will also interest undergraduates and researchers in archaeology, architectural history and related areas, or indeed the general public (including voluntary conservation groups) who are concerned with the protection of the historic environment.
Here is outlined the first report, dated 2002. 'Historic environment assets' defines both the purpose of the document and the nature of the historic environment itself, providing a wide-ranging review of legislation and procedures for the management and protection of historical and archaeological sites, including a description of the range of heritage sites at risk. Further sections outline the need to balance the need for financially sustainable policies in the heritage management sector against the significant contribution the historic environment makes to the economy, especially in the form of tourism. 'Outreach, knowledge and access' emphasises the importance of involving the general public in heritage management, especially in the form of education programmes aimed at all age-groups in society. The Annex provides a very detailed guide to national, regional and local institutions responsible for the management of the historic environment as well as outlining the financial and other resources available for this purpose.
The "Threat to the World Heritage in Iraq" is a website that documents the effects of the political and military crisis affecting Iraq and the Middle East since the early 1990s. Archaeologists had to reassess the threat posed by war to the extraordinarily rich collection of historical sites of world significance in the region. This resource, produced by eminent Near Eastern scholars Nicholas Postgate and Eleanor Robson, is a topical guide to a wide variety of archaeological and architectural monuments in the firing line and provides useful weblinks to recent media stories highlighting the damage to archaeological heritage caused by human conflict. After an introduction outlining the nature of the threat and the problems caused by military action and looting after 1991, the heritage sites at risk are grouped thematically under headings such as: places of worship; khans (merchant hostels); palaces and military sites; irrigation works and bridges; archaeological sites with standing buildings; caves; and museums. All of the entries provide grid references and hypertext links to detailed maps of Iraq or to photographic images. The separate index of photographs can be searched alphabetically and is particularly useful for providing relatively recent images illustrating the present state of preservation of many of the sites and monuments. Links to academic sites on Near Eastern subjects are also provided. Apart from the immediate news value of this website, the resource is also a useful source of maps, photographs and topographical information for students and researchers working in the Near East, as well as providing information for those interested in the ethics and politics of heritage issues. The site has not been updated since 2003 but it has a strong testimonial value for the recent history.
3-Dimensional Documentation of 'Complex Heritage Structures' is a research paper that studies the advantages of, and methods for developing, three-dimensional documentation of 'Heritage Structures' for reference and archiving. To date, important heritage structures have been documented in the form of orthographic projections, which remain non-interactive, very technical, non-user-friendly, and cumbersome. The scope for human errors and missing data is also a risk in constructing such representations. Taking as an example the Indian palatial complex at Fatehpur Sikri, the website details the capabilities and advantages of three-dimensional reconstruction through digital methods. Images of the reconstructions are provided as an accompaniment to the text, and a link is provided to the finished project website, where users can experience a 'walk-through' of Fatehpur Sikri.
The Trust for African Rock Art (TARA) is an independent non-profit organisation dedicated to preserving ancient rock art in Africa. TARA is based in Kenya. The website offers full information about the organisation and its aims, plus news, five free newsletters for download, and exhibition listings. TARA claims an "an extensive library of over 70,000 African rock art images" and there is a gallery on the website showing 17 examples images. Prints may be purchased. There is a listing of rock art sites open to the public in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.
The UNESCO World Heritage list contains over 850 sites, monuments and areas of archaeological, historical and environmental interest which are deemed to be of global significance. This is the official website of the list which provides basic information on each entry together with photographs, grid references and conservation reports on each monument or place as well and which outlines the criteria required for inclusion in the list. The list is arranged alphabetically by country, 141 at the time of review, and links take you to the relevant UNESCO session documents. The photographs can be viewed as thumbnails or at a larger screen-size scale. Many of the entries have hyperlinks to partner organisations or tourist websites in each country which provide additional documentation for the heritage sites. The list is also available in French and Spanish and can be read with our without frames. Apart from the substantive information on UNESCO World Heritage sites, which will interest a wide audience, both amateur and professional, this concise but highly useful resource also provides insights into the politics and practice of heritage management on a world scale.
This is the home page of World Heritage - a UNESCO programme to protect natural and cultural properties of outstanding universal value against the threat of damage. This user-friendly site gives plenty of up to date news and information on the activities of World Heritage and contains the full-text of The World Heritage Convention. The user can access short descriptions of each site, either from arranged by country, or by zooming in from a map of the world. A list of sites in danger provides added information. Reports of the World Heritage statutory meetings may be viewed or downloaded in PDF format.
Vindolanda is a Roman fort and civilian settlement lying just to the south of Hadrian's Wall. The Roman Army Museum, adjacent to the Roman site of Carvoran, 8 miles to the west, (one of the best preserved sections of the Wall), offers an insight into the garrisons of Hadrian's Wall. Roman Vindolanda and The Roman Army Museum are both part of the Hadrian's Wall World Heritage Site. Presented in this website is essential visitor information and background to the museum and the Vindolanda Trust (that provides research, education and the public display of the monument and finds from the Vindolanda excavations) and the Trust's base in the country house of Chesterholm. There are also preliminary reports (news) of all the archaeological excavations carried out since 1997 (the most interesting section), a bookshop, tourist information and a growing Roman and general history links page.
Vortex is the homepage of Paul Gough, an AHRC-funded researcher who is based at the University of the West of England. The author's special subjects are the "landscape of peace" and the "representation of war and peace in the twentieth and twenty-first century". His attractive website has a biography, and contact details. There is a large gallery of Paul Gough's art, his video material, and details of his exhibitions along with online copies of his catalogues. There is an archive of the author's 'Writings on Conflict'. His AHRC-funded 'Places of Peace' project, about peace gardens in southern England, is online in full (to find this, click on 'Vortex 3' then 'Publications'). The website also has a useful illustrated directory of 'War Art And Artists: Contemporary British artists on war and peace'.
The "Web Journal on Cultural Patrimony" is an academic publication by the University of Naples L'Orientale; the Osservatorio Permanente per la Protezione dei Beni Culturali ed Ambientali in Area di Crisi (Protection of Cultural Heritage in Areas of Crisis Watch); and the Al Quds University of Jerusalem. It publishes papers on the protection and destruction of cultural heritage in areas of political instability or armed conflict; on restoring cultural heritage; and on the impact of urban redevelopment on the existing cultural heritage. At the time of review, the first issue contained papers on surviving medieval houses in Naples; the destruction of cultural heritage in Nigeria; restorations in Lithuania; urban redevelopment in Shanghai, China; reports on new research on cultural heritage; and book reviews. Papers like "The Diachronic Sociolinguistic Situation in Sindh" by M. Qasim Bughio and "The Lhasa Jokhang - is the world's oldest timber frame building in Tibet?" by André Alexander demonstrate the broadness of studies published, which encompass all aspects of cultural heritage. All papers are available free and full-text in PDF format; they are lavishly illustrated with colour pictures and maps and available in English or Italian. Since this journal focuses on a very broad subject, it may be useful to many researchers in archaeology and probably architects interested in urban redevelopment and the challenges posed by the existing cultural heritage.
The World Association for the protection of Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage in Time of Armed conflict (WATCH, also known as "Associazione Mondiale per la protezione del patrimonio culturale, tangibile ed intangibile, in tempo di conflitti armati") website provides information about this association and its scopes. The website also includes a news section with information on relevant conferences that the association supports or sponsors (primarily the "International Conference On Science and Technology in Archaeology and Conservation"). It is possible to join the association online; students do not pay any fee and other members only a modest one. The website does not provide much information on the activities of the association apart from the annual conference it supports and this is a pity. However, the website presents a constructive way of reacting to the destruction of cultural heritage in case of armed conflict and all archaeologists may want to read the objectives of this association or become aware of conferences on related topics.
This website presents the World Cultural and Natural Heritage sites of China as a set of slide shows with brief details on the location and, where appropriate, the history. Heritage sites include the Great Wall, the Imperial Palace (Forbidden City), Mount Taishan, the Summer Palace, The Ancient City of Pingyao, the ancient city of Lijiang, and other sites. This website may be useful primarily to students.
World Heritage Review is a bi-monthly magazine published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to highlight sites listed for preservation. Such sites include buildings, parks, towns, even islands, deemed to be of outstanding importance on a global scale. The online version of the magazine features articles about recent additions to the UNESCO list, and an archive of previous preservation sites. Articles tend to be around 3,000 words, providing histories of the site in question and explaining their importance. Each article is illustrated with photographs. The web page also provides subscription details for individuals and institutions wishing to obtain the print version of the magazine, and a slightly nonsensical opinion poll.
This is the website of the World Monuments Fund, a New York-based non-profit organisation dedicated to preserving and protecting endangered works of historic art and architecture around the world. The World Monuments Fund compiles a list of the 100 most endangered sites every two years. This list is published on the website and is viewable by a clickable map. Each site has a short entry with photograph and a description of the site, its history and the threats to its survival. A page lists information on specific projects sponsored by the World Monuments Fund. A news page has articles relevant to the World Monuments Fund's activities. Another page describes the Jewish Heritage Grant Program, a project responding to the widespread neglect of the rich architectural heritage of Jewish communities around the world.
This website, maintained by the Wiltshire-based company Cathedral Communications Limited, provides a directory of products and suppliers for the "preservation, conservation and restoration of historic buildings, churches and garden landscapes". The site also contains a range of articles related to architectural conservation. The articles cover a wide range of topics of interest to those concerned with building conservation but also to those concerned with buildings archaeology. Subjects covered include traditional building materials, fittings, timber framed buildings and survey techniques. The website also gives details of all the main UK courses in building conservation and allied crafts. Events and exhibitions information is available, as well as a listing of relevant books linked to an online shopping facility.