The 1001 Wonders website is in the process of creating an interactive site for each of 1001 world heritage sites around the globe. Each finished page has a 360 degree interactive panorama of the site, as well as a brief description. The website is very easy to use. A visitor clicks the "Planisphere" menu at the top of the homepage to access a world map. From here, parts of the world can be clicked on to get to particular sites in that area. The panoramas are a high resolution and very clear and would make an excellent teaching tool as well as an informative and interesting resource for students and members of the general public.
The website 'Accessing Scotland's Past' is a pilot project managed by the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. The organisation records and interprets a variety of sites, monuments and buildings which are significant in Scotland's heritage. It works to promote the use of these resources through the National Monuments Record of Scotland. Photographs; aerial views; books; periodicals; site reports; maps; architectural drawings; and models make up the records which have long been catalogued for use of the general public. This project however aims to provide a clearer guide to each historical site and historical building by giving a historical overview and information on further resources and external links. The historical overviews are concise and may not offer enough depth for academics. The site provides some examples of its work but further references must be accessed through another site to which links are given. As the project is only in a pilot stage, the target areas are restricted to the Cairngorms; Aberdeenshire and Moray; and the Merse in the Scottish Borders.
A useful collection of original essays, articles reproduced from academic and popular journals, maps and archive photographs, weblinks and news stories on the archaeology of the Levant, part of the umbrella site Al Mashriq, which provides online information on many aspects of culture in the Middle East. A large part of the site deals with the Lebanon but Jordan is also featured along with links to other websites of archaeological interest. Interesting archive photographs of crusader castles nestle beside fascinating aerial shots of the submerged harbours of Saida, Tyre and Rouad. The political instability of the Lebanon in the 1970s and 1980s caused terrible damage to the archaeological heritage of the country but, ironically, the reconstruction programme has allowed the excavation of large tracts of urban space which have been built over for millennia. One of the key insights from this website is the difficult relationship between the needs of archaeological conservation on the one hand and economic reconstruction on another as well as raising the wider issues of the role of archaeology and heritage in post-conflict regions. Al Mashriq Archaeology will interest students and researchers of Near Eastern archaeology and history as well as heritage professionals or those who study the politics of culture in the Middle East.
This website presents the home page for the All-Party Parliamentary Archaeology Group or APPAG. The APPAG was set up in July 2001 to act as a focus for Parliamentary interest in all matters relating to archaeology in the UK and has members in both Houses of Parliament: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The website contains verbatim transcripts of the select committee hearings held at the House of Lords from July to October 2002 in addition to the All-Party Parliamentary Archaeology Group 2003 Report. The transcripts are available as Microsoft Word files, although it should be noted that they are sizeable documents and may take considerable time to download on slower connections. A full list of group members is also provided on the site, in addition to a list of submissions received for consideration by the Group (following a request for views on issues of archaeological concern). The results of this exercise are presented, as are the issues raised in clear bullet-point form. The APPAG website also forms part of the website of the Society of Antiquaries of London.
The Ancient Monuments Society, one of the National Amenity Societies, was founded in 1924 for the study and conservation of ancient monuments, historic buildings and fine old craftsmanship. The Society is concerned with the study and conservation of buildings of all periods and styles. Their website gives information on the history and activities of the Society, their publications and on membership. The timetable for their lecture series is also published on the site. There is a list of links to other conservation societies and websites of interest.
The Archaeological Collections Areas Database and Map, compiled on behalf of the Society of Museum Archaeologists, provides an interface to information and contact details on the collecting areas of English museums. The resource is based around an intuitive map interface allowing users to drill down from the county level to individual units and districts and their relevant Museums. The ultimate aim of the project is to provide mapped information on each museum's catchment area for the deposition of archaeological archives. The database information is based upon a survey of 141 museums or museum services. The project has revealed not only the extent of museum collection areas but also the approaches adopted towards the collecting of archives together with the levels of curatorial and conservation skills present in English museums. A copy of the full report, together with its appendices, is available for download on the site. The website is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource. Contact information for individual museums is provided through external links to the Cornucopia:Discovering UK Collections website. The project report and appendices are provided for download in Microsoft Word document format.
This is the website of the Archaeological Museum of Bologna. The museum, inaugurated in 1881, is home to several noteworthy collections of Villanovan, Etruscan, Greek and Roman artefacts from areas surrounding Bologna. The catalogue of the museum can be accessed from the Italian version; it contains multiple images of selected artefacts (mostly Classical ceramics and coins) along with their description. In particular, the museum's Numismatic collection provides access to a sizeable number of images depicting the obverse and reverse sides of coins and medals originating from various periods. The rest of the website - available in both Italian and English - offers simple descriptions of the museum's thematic sections and is aimed at the general public. Additionally, the website offers news on current and forthcoming events at the museum.
Archaeological Records of Europe : Networked Access (ARENA) is an online collection of information on a humanities computing initiative which aims to develop web-based information technology for preserving archive material, particularly, but not exclusively, in the archaeological and heritage sectors. Led by the UK based Archaeology Data Service and a consisting of a team of six cultural organisations in Poland, Romania, Denmark, Iceland, Norway and the United Kingdom, the Arena website aims to develop expertise in the collection and organisation of archaeological data and to raise public and academic awareness of electronic archives and their potential. The project is funded by the EU through the Culture 2000 programme. In addition to outlining the aims and objectives of the project, this resource provides much useful information on good practice in digital archive management and a guide to the relevant technologies and protocols. Also included are: details of websites; special reports on digital archive management; listings of conferences and meetings; and published papers. While this website has immediate value to professionals working in the areas of archaeology, museums, libraries and archives, 'Arena' addresses wider issues which should be interest to the more general practitioner in these fields, including students and researchers at university level.
The ADS hosts the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) Centre for Archaeology. The service collects, describes, catalogues, preserves, and provides user support for digital resources that are created as a product of research in archaeology and the historic environment. The ADS provides an integrated online catalogue to its archival collections, and to the collections of other organisations, connected by a metadata catalogue of over 450,000 records. These describe archaeological sites across the UK and much of Ireland, and wherever UK archaeologists are active. Collections currently available include resources from the English Heritage National Monuments Record (EH NMR) Excavation Index for England, EH NMR Index to Microfilmed Archaeological Archives, National Monuments Record of Scotland, Northern Ireland Sites and Monuments Record, the Clwyd-Powys Sites and Monuments Record, and many more. The catalogue may be searched by subject keyword, location, resource creator, object, or project title. Access to resources is also available via virtual collections which include: a section on dating; bibliographic databases (including the pre-1992 British and Irish Archaeological Bibliography); an expanding collection of CBA research reports and occasional papers (eventually the complete series will be available); ADS Guides to Good Practice and other publications; an extensive listing of archaeology journals with links to abstracts/full-text articles where available; and a number of excavation and find reports. The site also includes a full range of policy documents, help files, and details of who to contact and how to deposit data with the ADS. The Archaeology Data Service receives funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). Description based on one supplied by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
This is the official website of the archaeological service of Hampshire County Council. It provides access to the Archaeology and Historic Buildings Record, a searchable database of all listed monuments in Hampshire. Data from the Farm Environment Plan is also provided on a separate page. This website may be useful to anybody interested in the archaeology of Hampshire at all levels.
An extensive and richly illustrated website concerned with the archaeology of the area of Aberdeenshire and Moray, as well as the Angus region in the north east of Scotland. There is a general history of the region which focuses on the prehistoric periods. The archaeology is presented thematically with links to general lists of sites arranged by type. These lists give the locations of and means of access to a number of monuments in the region along with a short description. There is an extensive picture gallery of aerial photographs. PDF files of "The Defence of Scotland" and "Historic Kirkyards" can be downloaded from the "Projects" section. There is a set of JPEG images of leaflets on particular monuments. Suggested tourist trails are given. An extensive bibliography and list of web links should help anybody with a research interest in the archaeology of the north east of Scotland. A brief description of the Sites and Monuments Record (SMR) for the region is presented and contact details given. The website does not provide detailed academic work or research and is aimed at the public. It presents archaeology and the work of this archaeology service in a clear and simple way. The website also includes useful bibliographies for the archaeology of the local area, recent local archaeological news and links to other archaeology websites.
Archeoguide is a system designed to provide new ways of information presentation at cultural heritage sites through the use of advanced IT. This technology will include augmented reality, 3D-visualization, mobile computing, and multi-modal interaction. In short, the objective is to create a fully immersive virtual reality environment in which historic sites can be experienced as though at first hand. Archeoguide has several primary concerns relating to the experiences visitors encounter when view a heritage site. For example, information should be presented in context with the exploration of the site through position and orientation tracking; personalized and thematic navigation aids in physical and information space should, through the use of visitor and tour profiles, take into account cultural and linguistic background, age, and skills. The website details the aims and objectives of the project, and includes information regarding publications that have arisen from the work. In addition, a QuickTime video presentation of what Archeoguide aims to deliver is available, along with a PDF project presentation. Postgraduate students and researchers may find this website useful.
The website "Architectural Heritage Fund" reflects the activities of this organisation. Founded in 1976, the Architectural Heritage Fund is a registered charity that aims to promote the conservation of historic buildings in the United Kingdom. The website provides information on the fund, rescuing buildings, grants and loans available for rescue work and general support for community and voluntary organisations interested in regenerating historic buildings. The site is well structured and provides clear guidance for groups interested in rescuing buildings. It is split into sections on rescuing buildings, grants and loans, advice and publications, regeneration, case studies, funding for historic buildings, news, contact details and a very complete links section to other organisations involved in the regeneration of historic buildings. Navigation through these sections is made easier by simple menus and a "site locator" which tracks were you are within the site. The case studies (available in PDF format as high or low quality versions for quicker download time) provide examples of the type of work the Fund has supported in the past. The news section has recent press cuttings (also in PDF format) on historic buildings and the Architectural Heritage Fund. Summaries of news from within the fund itself are provided in html format.
Published by the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), Architecture.com is a searchable online portal about architecture and the built environment. In addition to providing practical information on architects and the architectural profession (which can also be accessed via the main RIBA webpage), the site features news and debate about the built environment and a valuable reference index of online resources in architecture and architectural history. The fully searchable catalogue of the RIBA Architectural Library (housing the biggest architectural study resource in the UK) is complemented by useful introductions to individual parts of the collection such as books, archives, drawings and photographs. A selection of portraits of leading architects (with annotations) possessed by the RIBA library is reproduced here and provides a useful source of images for historians. The website also provides two separate pages of Internet links. A compilation of over 1000 mainly UK-based sites with abstracts and references is accompanied by a list some 2000 sites on the main RIBA webpage with a broader international subject matter, including the comprehensive 'Great buildings' website. Also included are links to online exhibitions on architects and architectural projects. Architecture.com is a valuable reference source both for practical information on the architectural profession but is will also interest architectural and social historians and heritage professionals.
Part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service's "Guides to Good Practice" series, "Archiving Aerial Photography and Remote Sensing Data: A Guide to Good Practice" is intended to provide guidance creating and maintaining digital resources related to aerial photography, satellite and airborne remote sensing, and archaeological interpretations made from such data sources, in order to ensure that such sources can be re-used. The guide is an online version of a printed volume available from the AHDS, and as such is presented in the structured format of the book. The guide provides general advice about locating and re-using original data sources. It makes reference to existing standards for documenting and cataloguing digital resources, and to the rich existing archaeological literature on these subjects. While the importance of standards is emphasised throughout the Guide, no single standard is prescribed. The aims of this document are more generic: to inform readers of the importance of good documentation practices rather than recommending how those resources should be documented.
ArchWEB - Archaeology in Poland is a website published by Poznań Archaeological Museum that provides online access to several databases on Polish archaeology. There are searchable and browsable databases containing contact details about all the archaeological institutions in Poland; archaeologists attached to any institutions; a collection of full-text Polish legal acts concerning the protection of archaeological monuments and sites; information on Polish archaeological journals (often with contents); an updated list of current and recent conferences in Poland; a series of slide presentations on recent fieldwork in the area of Poznań (in the "Field research" section of the website); and a collection of papers (a few in PDF format) on various aspects relevant to Polish archaeology, with several papers on the challenges faced by Polish archaeologists in interpreting the local archaeological record; aerial archaeology; the preparation of collections for permanent display in museum; and rescue archaeology. On the latter subject there is a section entitled "Pipeline of Archaeological Treasures", which publishes an illustrated report of the rescue excavations carried out along the route of the Jamal-Europe gas pipeline. Among the topics covered are the introduction of agriculture and pastoralism in the region; the Roman occupation; the Goths and the medieval period. The report is accompanied by several colour photographs of artefacts. This website is a very useful reference resource for researchers interested in any aspect of the archaeology of Poland, or just wishing to contact a Polish colleague.
The University of Oxford Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology website contains museum information, gallery plans, scheduled events and exhibitions, museum news, publications information, pages for individual departments and collections, as well as contact information. As well as digitised highlights from the museum's collections, there are details about past, present and forthcoming exhibitions, both temporary and permanent. A small number of images illustrate the descriptions. There is a link to the Object of the Month, as well as virtual exhibitions. A section provides free access to out-of-print publications, including books on pre-Roman Italy, Cyprus and Scythian artefacts in the museum. The collections of antiquities in the museum include products from the Palaeolithic to Victorian periods; from Egypt and the Middle East to Europe and Britain. The Roman and Greek Classical collections comprise several casts from sculptures. The Museum receives some core funding from the AHRC.
This is the official website of the "Portuguese Association of the Castle’s Friends" that promotes the study and preservation of castles in Portugal and Europe. The website contains information on the association, its activities and membership and is available in Portuguese; English, French and Spanish. The Portuguese version publishes more information and is reviewed here. Section "Património" contains a useful illustrated catalogue of Portuguese castles (accessible by clicking on "Inventário"). The educational section is quite interesting for the many activities proposed, most of these are exhibitions in Portugal, but there are some details and pictures enabling teachers around the world to be inspired and recreate a "medieval banquet" as well as many other scenes of castle life. There is an area reserved to the members, who can download copies of the news bulletin in PDF format. There is a forum to discuss anything related to the association and castles. News on relevant conferences and activities supported by the association are regularly published. At the time of review some contents were not yet published, and it is hoped that new sections will become accessible and the translations made available. This website may be useful to researchers of medieval archaeology, especially if interested on castles. School teachers may also find some useful information here, even if they do not plan to visit Portugal.
This is the website of the Association for Industrial Archaeology (AIA), which is a British national organisation for those who share an interest in Britain's industrial past. It brings together people who are researching, recording, preserving and presenting Britain's industrial heritage. The Association also monitors applications to alter or demolish industrial sites or buildings. The website provides information about the Association's work; membership; links to relevant online resources; and lists of associated organisations.
This website presents an overview of archaeological finds from the Isle of Portland, a peninsula of the Dorset coast. The focus of the site is on the Mesolithic occupation of Portland. The particular significance of the Culverwell habitation site is described. The authors attempt to draw some conclusions as to the lifestyles of the settlers based on knowledge of the landscape, natural resources, climate, and artefacts uncovered. There are sections on Mesolithic buildings, food, clothing, economy, and population. A further section presents evidence of ritual practices and makes an attempt to explain the spiritual lives of early inhabitants. There is also a short bibliography, a list of links, and a page of forthcoming events (which was rather empty when checked).Despite its name, the Association for Portland Archaeology does not appear to be a membership organisation. Contact details are provided however, should anyone wish to find out more.
The website of the Association for the Study of Marble and Other Stones In Antiquity (ASMOSIA) provides information on the history and activities of the association, including membership information. The association is active in the field of restoration and conservation, promoting the combination of applied sciences (archaeometry) with traditional archaeology. A list of the proceedings, notes for authors and by laws of the association are available on the website. The newsletter is published online in PDF format. Both researchers and students may find this website useful.
This is the website of the Association of British Counties. The Association is a pressure group dedicated to promoting awareness of "the continuing importance" of the historic (or traditional) Counties of Great Britain. This continuing importance to the society is the "cultural identity" of belonging-to or coming-from a county, and the society therefore separates these counties from their history of evolving names and areas of local government or administration. One of the main resources provided online is Association's Gazetteer of British Place Names which lists over 50,000 place-names along with their national grid reference and commonly accepted alternative spellings and Welsh and Gaelic versions. It lists the ancient or geographical County and also the names of the most important administrative areas (of local government, police, health authority, region and lieutenancy) within which each place lies. It claims to provide the most exhaustive Place Name Index to Great Britain currently available. However, you are restricted to using the search facility to enter names individually (rather than browsing places names by the alphabet or by type). There are a number of uses of the Gazetteer for the historian or genealogist that the Association outlines. These include to determine the location of a place from an historical reference. The Gazetteer lists settlements such as villages, hamlets, towns, localities rather than administrative areas like parishes, townships, tythings etc. whereas many gazetteers only include the names of these latter types of administrative areas. Within a parish there can be several separate settlements each with its own distinct name and identity. Another use is to determine the present repository of historical records relating to a place, or to determine the present-day Registration District of a place (for example to know where to apply for copies of birth, death and marriage certificates in England and Wales).
This resource introduces the Association pour sauvegarde du Ramesseum and provides a brief illustrated guide (in French and English) to some of the most important monuments of the reign of the New Kingdom Pharaoh Ramsses II who ruled in the 13th century BC, namely a great temple at Thebes (the Ramesseum) and his tomb (KV7). The temple complex of Ramsses (whose full name is the 'House of millions of years of Usermaat-Setepen-Re that unites with Thebes-the-city in the domain of Amon') was begun in the second year of his long reign (1279-1213 BC). The central temple composed of interconnecting courtyards, hypostyle halls and sculpted pylons (featuring for instance the famous relief of Ramsses 'victory' at the battle of Qadesh) was surrounded by other sanctuaries, a royal palace and a mass of storerooms and buildings of economic function. The website describes the architecture and layout of the monument and discusses its decoration within its historical and religious context and provides a virtual restoration based on modern research. Christopher Leblanc of the Louvre contributes a concise guide to the Pharaoh's tomb (KV7) in the Valley of the Kings, its subsequent treatment in ancient times and the results of ongoing study, particularly the renewed French excavations since 1991. There is also a page with links to sites of related interest. Undergraduates and researchers in Egyptology and ancient architecture will particularly be interested in this resource.
The "Associazione culturale Osimo sotterranea" is a non-profit organisation that promotes the conservation and study of the hypogea (subterranean tunnels and chambers) running under the Italian town of Osimo. The presence of a subterranean network of passages and chambers is frequent in ancient towns of Central Italy (e.g. Orvieto, Chiusi, etc.) partly because of the relatively soft arenaceous rock in the region. Its website (in Italian only) publishes the illustrated newsletter "Meridiana" (accessible from "i nostri articoli"), which contains short articles and many photographs on the conservation, exploration and documentation efforts of the team of amateur archaeologists; a gallery of pictures; and an interactive virtual tour of some chambers. The subterranean network has not been fully explored and its phases of construction and its function remain unknown. A few test pits suggest have yielded pre-Roman pottery (culture of the Piceni) as well as Roman and later artefacts. Of particular importance are the traces of an ancient aqueduct that replenished some wells within the subterranean network. Several reliefs and frescoes have been discovered and document the ritual use of some subterranean chambers at least from Roman to Mediaeval times. The simple Italian texts should not deter an international audience to visit this website that serves well its purpose of spreading awareness of this extraordinary network. There are some extraordinary photographs, including some of chambers that can only be accessed with speleological equipment. Researchers in art and archaeology should be the primary audience for the need of interpreting the evidence, but students should at least be aware of what lies beneath many Italian towns.
Ballytarsna Castle is 15th Century tower house located 6 miles north of the historic town of Cashel in County Tipperary, Ireland. The website covers the restoration of the tower over a period between 1999 and 2000 using traditional Irish methods of masonry. There are also links to the floor plan and a sketch from 1840. The website has many images available before during and after the work and gives a good representation of the time and effort put in. It also has a section on courses run by the Tipperary School of Stonemasonry. The website may be useful primarily to students.
The Barholm Castle website is a resource describing the history and current state of Barholm Castle in the southwest of Scotland. Aside from the introductory home page, the website consists primarily of three main textual sections which look at the castle from it's origins and history through to its current state. The first section gives a brief history of Barholm Castle and contains a number of in-text links to photographs of features of the castle and old maps of its location. In addition to this section the ruin plan and architecture sections provide more detailed information on the structure and architecture of the castle together with descriptions of its current physical state. The last and final section examines the castle in terms of 'Now and the Future' and describes the castle's present condition as a Grade A listed building as well as a brief account of restoration work. The website is simple, small and easy to navigate around.
The Bath Preservation Trust was founded in 1934 to protect the city's unique architectural heritage. Its website provides background information about the Trust and its work, specifically giving information on the buildings and museums in the city of Bath under their protection (the Trust's headquarters at Number 1 Royal Crescent, which features a description and illustrated tour of the building; the Bath Museum building; Beckford's Tower and Museum; and the William Herschel Museum). The website gives information on the buildings, opening times, brief histories, exhibitions and education and events at each site. The website is easy to navigate. Two main menus allow the site to be explored via the individual buildings, or through more basic information on maps and directions, a guest book (which is also browsable online), a search facility and a news and events page. This site is most suitable for those intending to visit the buildings or join the Preservation Trust, and provides basic information on the history of these sites within the UNESCO World Heritage City of Bath.
This is the Web page of the BBC2 programmes 'Restoration', broadcast in 2003-2004, and 'Restoration Village', 2006. In the programme, historic buildings in different areas of the British Isles are nominated for restoration with a single project to be chosen to receive the prize of restoration. Properties include the Victoria Baths in Manchester (2003's winner); the Old Grammar School, King's Norton (2004's winner); Chedham's Yard, Wellesbourne, Warwickshire (the 2006 winner). Other information provided by the site includes details about the programmes, its presenters and advocates as well information about the restoration fund and details of how to get involved. A database of courses in local history, conservation and heritage, a list of local and national heritage groups and an online library of articles related to buildings is also available. The page is archived.
The Web Site "Muzeum Archeologiczne w Biskupinie (Biskupin Archaeological Museum)" has versions of the site in Polish, English and German, although the latter has the least of the information available in the other two languages. The site as well as the museum is dedicated to inform about the settlement of Biskupin, formerly known as the Polish Pompeii, the site of the excavation of a wooden settlement over 2,700 years old. It is famed for its excellent museum and archives that reveal how the archaeological digs progressed from their start in 1934, and for the vibrant recreation of early everyday life in the Lusatian settlement and in the Kujawy-Pomorze area. The abundance of bronze and iron ware led to many controversies about the precise dating of the site, but more accurate testing has dated the site to the 8th century BCE. Biskupin is of interest to those studying the history of the early Slavs, Polish Studies, and archaeology. This is one of the most complete and well-preserved sites in central Europe and is a repository of knowledge about an early Slav settlement. The site contains much information about the museum and archives, festivals, symposia as well as online exhibitions.
The Brecon Beacons National Park Sites and Monuments Record, maintained by the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust in partnership with Brecon Beacons National Park Authority and Powys County Council, is part of the Regional Sites and Monuments Record which contains over 38,000 records and includes sites ranging in date from the Palaeolithic to the twentieth century. The Regional Sites and Monuments Record, maintained by CPAT, also covers the unitary authorities of Denbighshire, Flintshire and the eastern part of Conwy (which from 1974 to 1996 formed the county of Clwyd), and the unitary authority of Powys, which includes most of the National Park. This regional SMR deals with an area of some 7,500 square kilometres of north-east and central Wales, ranging in character from the open uplands of the Cambrian Mountains and the Brecon Beacons, to the rich river valleys of the Severn and the Clwyd. The data made available here to the Archaeology Data Service (as part of the ArchSearch catalogue) contains key data fields derived from the full SMR database and was downloaded from CPAT's Regional SMR on 23rd October 2000. The database is intended to be used as an index to the SMR archive which comprises many elements, from computer databases and digital surveys to historic maps, 25 years worth of excavation and survey archives and over 30,000 aerial and 40,000 terrestrial photographs. Users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to using the dataset and, in all uses, data from the SMR will remain the copyright of CPAT, its partners in the SMR and any other stated bodies. A full overview of the dataset is provided.
The British Archaeological Jobs Resource (BAJR) provides an online list of UK job vacancies of interest to professional and academic archaeologists and aims to establish efficient contacts between employers and employees in the archaeology, museums and heritage sectors. Job seekers may browse the current listings and place their CVs online and employers may place adverts on payment of a registration fee. The service has been running since February 2000 and is sponsored or supported by a wide range of archaeological and heritage bodies, in both the public and the private sector, whose website links and contact details are included in this resource. In addition there is a free-to-use message board for discussion of archaeological issues which are of interest to both professionals and amateurs. The website uses frames and Java but the jobs section can be can be viewed by browsers which do not support these software applications. BAJR is an important web resource which will benefit a wide range of individuals and organisations engaged in professional archaeology. It will also provide a valuable source of information and advice for students who are contemplating a career in the heritage sector.
The British Museum is one of the great treasure houses of objects from the Middle East, whose collection ranges in date from the Neolithic period to the present. The excellent official website provides an attractively designed guided tour of the highlights of the Middle Eastern galleries, an outline of the history of the collection, a guide to recent and current research conducted by department staff, news of forthcoming lectures, study days and conferences and an extensive page of weblinks to sites of archaeological interest. The website provides a fascinating history of the Middle Eastern collections which, begining with Sir William Hamilton in the 18th century, have been added to by a galaxy of colourful antiquarians and archaeologists such as Claudius Rich of the East India Company, A.H. Layard, William Loftus, Hormuzd Rassan, T.E. Lawrence, Leonard Woolley, E.A. Budge and Kathleen Kenyon. More recent research is represented by brief notes on British Museum sponsored excavations in various locations around the region. The galleries can be browsed virtually with the help of enlargeable thumbnail photographs while the collection itself can be searched in a variety of ways using Compass. This fully hypertexted database of the entire British Museum collection provides concise descriptions and cultural contexts of individual objects accompanied by good quality photographs. This resource is an excellent example of web publishing and will profit a very wide range in individuals interested in the Middle East including school children and their teachers, the general public, undergraduates and researchers in archaeology and ancient history and museum professionals.
Buckinghamshire County Council County Archaeological Service is responsible for the maintenance and development of Buckinghamshire's Archaeological Sites and Monuments Record. It also develops policies for the management and conservation of archaeological remains and historic landscapes, and provides related advice to local planning authorities and other organisations. The Buckinghamshire Management Plan document may be downloaded in PDF format. The Archaeology service website includes information about current projects being undertaken in the county. These generally have their own web pages and contain detailed illustrated reports. Recent projects have included the Whittlewood project, looking at Medieval settlements and landscapes in the Whittlewood area. There is also a study of the Whiteleaf Hill local nature reserve, a site of archaeological importance that includes barrow mounds, an undated chalk-cut hill figure, and a cross-ridge dyke. A Development-related fieldwork listing has kept track of any sites of potential archaeology interest examined over the last few years.
Part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service's "Guides to Good Practice" series, the "CAD guide to good practice" is intended to provide guidance in documenting and archiving CAD datasets. The guide is an online version of a printed volume available from the AHDS, and as such is presented in the structured format of the book. It is aimed at individuals and organisations involved in the creation, maintenance, use, and long-term preservation of CAD-based digital resources in the humanities, but with particular emphasis on archaeological data. The guide provides a source of useful introductory and generic information, as well as emphasising long-term preservation, archiving and effective data re-use, and the importance of adhering to recognised standards and the recording of essential pieces of information.
This is the website of the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. The mounds represent the remains of a sophisticated prehistoric native civilization in America, just north of Mexico. The city of Cahokia was inhabited from about AD 700 to 1400 and at its peak covered nearly six square miles. A gradual decline in population began sometime after AD 1200, and by the 1400s, the site had been abandoned. The mounds are now a UNESCO designated World Heritage Site. These web pages introduce the historic site and give descriptions of each of the mounds in the complex. There is also visitor information, an events calendar, an interactive site map and information on volunteering at the site. Although aimed in part toward the general public, the website does include a full scholarly bibliography and detailed reports of the excavations that have been carried out.
The "Cambria Historic Landscape Characterisation" website provides an extensive historical and archaeological survey of various regions of Wales, explored through clickable maps. The information is divided up into areas/regions of interest within the country, which are then further sub-divided into specific landscapes and locations. Clicking on the photographic images of the landscapes takes the user to a more detailed account of the region. These take the form of an introductory 'Historical Background' section followed by 'Description and Essential Historic Landscape Components', and are often accompanied by an OS map of the surrounding areas. The sources used are listed at the bottom of the descriptions. The project is still ongoing, and as such it promises to be a comprehensive and useful historical-geographical directory of Wales.
Canmore is a database of Scotland's buildings, archaeology and industry produced by the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS). It contains information and pictures of archaeological sites dating from the Palaeolithic onwards. The website allows to access data on over 275,000 buildings, archaeological and maritime sites across Scotland; the records contain over 100,000 digital images and it is possible to add pictures to the records.
This website available only in Italian publishes information on a virtaul model of Giotto's Scrovegni Chapel in Padua, Italy, which is accessible by visitors on location. The model has been built to reduce damage from the excessive flux of visitors and is similar to other projects that have been implemented in archaeology (e.g. the reproduction of the Lascaux cave in France). In addition to information useful for students in museum studies on how to produce software products to promote culture while protecting cultural heritage, the website also contains a few composed pictures of the panels with the frescoes and their location in the chapel. Students in museum studies, or visual arts may find this website useful.
The "Castles of Britain" website, set up and run by the organisation "Castles Unlimited", aims to promote the study of British castles through a number of services. Around half of the website is devoted to the commercial services that Castles Unlimited offer, including castle research, travel planning (from the US) and an online bookshop. Of these, the 'Travel and Castle venues' section is useful in its own right as it provides detailed information on travelling to and around Britain as well as places to stay and visit. The remaining sections of the website provide a useful resource for those interested in British Castles and Medieval life in general. They include a Castle Learning Centre featuring a number of short articles on various aspects of Medieval and castle life, a 'Castle of the Month' section which focuses in detail on a single castle and a 'Castle Photo Gallery' which includes images for a large number of British castles together with brief descriptions and details of location, type and date. More detailed sections include the Castle Preservation Section which features a number of articles on castle preservation and heritage issues. This section also contains two large 'links' sub-sections on archaeology and heritage organizations and websites. The website also features 'castle trivia' and 'castle ghosts' sections. The Castles of Britain website is well designed and easy to use. Navigation is provided via a non-framed side bar (although this proves inconsistent on certain pages) or via links at the bottom of each page.
The complete series of Council for British Archaeology (CBA) Occasional Papers has been digitised and is being made available by the CBA as PDFs through the Archaeology Data Service as a staged process. The papers currently available cover a broad variety of subjects concerning British archaeology.
The complete series of Council for British Archaeology Research Reports, including microfiche, has been digitised and is being made available by the CBA as PDFs through the Archaeology Data Service as a staged process. Over 100 reports are currently available, covering a broad variety of subjects concerning British archaeology. The reports represent the variety of research and interests in British archaeology.
This is the homepage for the Centre for Eighteenth Century Studies (CECS), which was founded in 1996 at the University of York in the UK. The Centre promotes the study of the long eighteenth century from 1650 to 1850, and has over a score of staff members listed here from York's departments of Archaeology, English, History, History of Art and Philosophy. It has a few dozen affiliated postgraduate students whose names and projects are also listed; the CECS runs a Master's programme and presents several Master's and Doctoral-level courses. Past and present calls for papers and programmes for CECS international research seminars, postgraduate forums, international conferences (running back to 1998) and one-day symposia are posted online. Special projects described on the site will attract those who are considering applying to the Centre and those who have casual or research interests. Projects include: the Yorkshire County Houses Partnership Project; the Nations, Borders and Identities Project; and Empire and Landscape in the Long 18th Century. The Yorkshire County Houses Project exists through the combined efforts of the CECS and representatives of local country houses, including Burton Constable, Brodsworth Hall, English Heritage, Castle Howard, Harewood House, Lotherton Hall, Nostell Priory and Temple Newsam. The Nations, Borders and Identities project deals with the 'Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars in European Experience 1792 – 1815,' as well as an affiliated research group based in Germany. Finally, the subpages on Empire and Landscape in the Long 18th Century outline describe a number of past workshops in depth. Instructions for application to the Centre are provided.
The website of the Centre of East Anglian Studies (CEAS) introduces this research centre which is part of the School of History at UEA Norwich. CEAS was founded in 1967 to foster the research and study of the archaeology and history of Norfolk, Suffolk and the surrounding counties of Lincolnshire, Essex and Cambridgeshire from prehistoric times to the present. This website features a brief introduction to the region of East Anglia, and also an introduction to CEAS, and a list of the current faculty. In addition to this there is an informative section that outlines what CEAS does and the services it provides. Here information about the various regional and local history research projects, postgraduate courses, lectures, and seminars run by the Centre can be found, as well as details of membership, the Centre's links to local history societies, and its public day schools and conferences. The newsletter of the CEAS published annually can be downloaded in PDF format.
The website of the "Centro Regionale per la Progettazione e il Restauro" of Palermo publishes information about this Sicilian centre for the restoration of monuments; a list of publications by members of staff; information on the most recent projects; progress toward the production of a "carta del rischio" (map of endangered monuments); the CRPR/InForma journal, with illustrated articles, academic papers, news and reviews, available as PDF files, and a mailing list. Several articles in the journal and in the "progetti" section present restoration techniques used on organic and inorganic materials that have been applied to archaeological and architectural materials as well as paintings, mosaics statues and other artistic works. A substantial section focuses on the restoration works at Piazza Armerina, including the results of geophysical, archaeobotanical and stratigraphic (from test pits) analyses carried out during such works. Among the topics explored in papers and articles (all in Italian) are: the Roman villa at Piazza Armerina; the Naskhi slabs at Palazzo Abatellis; geological study of rocks used in Sicilian monuments; biotechnologies applied to restoration of organic materials; dendrochronology applied to trees in historical landscapes; the restoration of musical instruments; palinology at Phoenician Motya; restoration of paintings by Antonello da Messina and Caravaggio; X-rays and paintings; conservation of metallic artefacts.
General Luigi di Palma Cesnola (1832-1904) was the most famous, if not notorious, excavator and collector of Cypriot antiquities in the 19th century, whose extraordinary assemblage of artefacts was dispersed to many museums and institutions both during his lifetime and after his death. This excellent website provides a guide to the collection of Cesnola material now housed in the Semitic Museum of Harvard University along with a very useful, concise guide to Cypriot archaeology and material culture. The core of the resource, still in progress at the time of writing, is a database of over 1300 objects, searchable by accession number, shape, classification and historical period. The use of pulldown menus provides a useful browse function for visitors to the site not familiar with Cypriot archaeology. Many of the objects are illustrated with thumb-nail images which can also be viewed at a larger scale. The objects are contextualised with the help of short, period-by-period accounts of Cypriot archaeology ranging from the Neolithic to the Byzantine periods circa 10,000 B.C.-1500 A.D. In addition the resource features short entries on fabric and artefact types and on the chronological schemes employed in Cypriot archaeology. The website also features concise biographical material, including a discussion of Cesnola's book 'Cyprus. Its ancient cities, tombs and temples' of 1877, in addition to a short bibliography listing key publications of Cesnola material. This valuable resource will appeal to a wide audience, ranging from undergraduate students in Near Eastern and Mediterranean archaeology and art history to more experienced graduates and researchers in the subject.
This website is a presentation of the Dacian fortresses from Transylvania, a project funded by the National Institute for Historical Monuments in Bucharest. The general overview of the project is a broken link, but the descriptions of the seven fortresses are complete and very useful. These were all built between 1st century BCE and 1st century CE. The most important was the one in Sarmisegetuza; it was the capital of the Dacian state and a civilian settlement as well but is mostly famous for its sanctuaries. Each fortress has a generous overview, an album of photographs, a map with its localisation, a plan and aerial photographs. The photo album offers a variety of viewing options, with zooms, slide shows. This is a useful site for those interested in the pre-Roman history and archaeology of South-Eastern Europe.
The Phase 1 archive of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL), representing the route of the link from Fawkham Junction (Gravesham) to Folkestone, is a major new research archive for the archaeology of Kent. The construction of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link has provided a unique opportunity to investigate thousands of years of change and development across the landscape and the archaeological programme of works associated with CTRL is probably the largest ever undertaken in the UK. The Link is the first new railway to be built in Britain for over a century and runs for 109km (68 miles) between St Pancras station in London and the Channel Tunnel. The Phase 1 archive represents the first 74 km of this route and was finished in September 2003. The second section, which continues the railway into London, is under construction and will be completed in early 2007. The CTRL Phase 1 archive is organised at a site level allowing access to data from 122 interventions and is accompanied by extensive introductory text both at an overall project level as well as the individual site level. The archive itself contains site reports, site datasets and images for 122 excavations, evaluations and geophysical and standing building surveys provided in a number of file formats (RTF, PDF, CSV and SVG). The data can be accessed through any of three search interfaces (a spatial map search, a period search or an advanced search) or alternatively via a full site list. The CTRL archive is also fully integrated into the ADS's ArchSearch catalogue allowing spatial searches to retrieve CTRL site level data alongside archaeological data from a number of other sources such as the National Trust SMR and the National Monuments Record. The site is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource. The website data is easily accessible, logically arranged and provided in a number of easily usable data types. Users should be aware that, at present, the site only contains data from Phase 1 of the project and will expand over the next few years with the deposit of Phase 2 data as well as themed analytical reports.
The China Heritage Quarterly is a freely accessible academic online quarterly concerned with archaeology, heritage preservation and museum studies in the People's Republic of China. It is hosted by the Division of Pacific and Asian History, Australian National University, and is edited by Bruce Doar and Geremie Barmé. The body of the current issue is easily accessible through the menu bar, and is regularly updated. Users are also able to access past editions, going back to 2005. For example, issues cover: the heritage of commemoration; imperial Beijing architecture; the shared heritage of Korea and China; and the region of Xinjiang. The 'New Scholarship' section of the online journal gives notice of conferences and events of interest and will hosts book reviews and monographs. China Heritage Quarterly would be of interest to any scholar, student or researcher with an interest in heritage preservation in Mainland China and government policy relating to it. The journal is well-presented and is simple to navigate with an accessible writing style and is illustrated by photographs at appropriate points. It also acts as a gateway to related websites hosted by the Australian National University, including the print journals East Asian History and China Archaeology, and the departmental home page of the Division of Pacific and Asian History.
This is the website of the Church Monuments Society that encourages the appreciation, study and conservation of church monuments both in the UK and abroad. The website provides an introduction to the society, its meetings, lectures, symposia and excursions. There are also details on how to join the society, and an updated noticeboard. The publications section of the noticeboard provides a useful list of recent publications with short descriptive reviews. The notes and queries section may also be useful for academics or researchers and provides short articles online. The "links" section provides a list of websites for magazines, journals and other publications, societies and other organisations and sites that hold monument records. The journal link provides a list of articles (and short abstracts from 2001 onwards) published in the annual journal of the society "Church Monuments". Article titles from 1985-2008 are currently available but full-texts are not.
This is the website for The Churches Conservation Trust. It provides details about the trust (which was set up to protect Church of England churches no longer in parish use), a gazetteer called Visit Churches (descriptions and photographs of more than 300 churches in the trust's care organised geographically and chronologically), a list of events taking place at the churches, information on the trust's education work and publications and how to give donations. The website is available in a text only version and easy to navigate. PDFs of publications are available to download. You can browse through churches using geographical and chronological choices (Norman; Mediaeval; 16th and 17th Century; 18th Century; Victorian) but also other criteria such as urban, rural, carvings; monuments; stained glass; wall paintings. This facility enables researchers and the general public to identify local churches owned by the trust and find out more about them and how to visit them, but also allows academic researchers to identify features of interest to them. Hyperlinks within the text links through to a glossary of church-related terminology. Additional articles on wall painting and coats of arms are provided and the site also boasts an educational section containing teaching units on Sacred Art and on linking 50 of the trust's churches with the study of Art and Design, Religious Education and History (for school teachers, mainly). A recent introduction is a few podcasts of audio tours for some of their most visited churches.
CIPHER (Communities of Interest Promoting Heritage of European Regions) is an online resource for a project (now completed) which used specially developed learning and IT programmes to promote the cultural heritage of the European regions among a wide constituency, in the form of Cultural Heritage Forums (CHFs) which present regionally based bodies of cultural knowledge. Web portals are designed to allow individual visitors to 'personalise' the way they read and study the content but also to make their own contributions with a viewing to creating communities of knowledge and learning. Forums included: 'Irish Cultural and Natural Heritage' which includes archaeological and ecological data-sets from a variety of public and private bodies; 'Nordic heritage through story-telling and historical artefacts' based on: Olaus Magnus's Carta Magna of 1539; his History of the Northern Peoples of 1555; and the Raisio Archaeology Archive of material from 990-1400 AD; 'Shared heritage of Central Europe' (Czech Republic and Austria); 'Tradition of technology in South Central English' featuring the WWII intelligence work and code-breaking at Bletchley Park. These can be downloaded as PDF files. The participant organisations reflect the interdisciplinary nature of the project and include: the Open University Knowledge Media Unit (UK); Dublin Institute of Technology Digital Media Centre and the Discovery Programme (Ireland); The Czech Technical University; the Internet-Lösungen und Dientsleistungen RiS GmbH (Austria); and the Helsinki University of Art and Design (Finland). This resource includes: contact details of all the contributing institutions and individuals; and a glossary of the technical and educational terms used by the authors.
The City of London Archaeological Society, a registered charity, has been excavating and studying London's history since the mid 1960's. It has worked alongside other organisations on digs in London and has also conducted excavations in its own right. Their website presents their current lecture series along with reports on past lectures and site visits. The society's role in the Thames Archaeological Survey (recording features of historic or archaeological interest in the inter-tidal zone of the Thames in the Greater London area) is also described. There are also details on joining the Society.
The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Sites & Monuments Record is maintained by the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust. It is a database and archive of information about sites of archaeological and historical interest within the Clwyd-Powys area of Wales, including archaeological sites from all periods, Listed Buildings and structures, Scheduled Ancient Monuments, individual find spots, and other archaeological features. Although the Sites and Monuments Record for the Clwyd-Powys area itself is not searchable online via the CPAT website, the SMR has been deposited with the Archaeology Data Service (ADS). It is also possible to make enquiries for more detailed information to CPAT for free via email.
The temple site at Phimai, a World Heritage Site, consists of a walled complex of reconstructed temples, libraries, and ancillary structures. It is one of the most important Khmer monuments in Thailand. The digital reconstruction of the temple site in Phimai serves as a case study highlighting the potential of computer visualization as a tool in heritage resource management. Besides offering archaeologists, historians and museum curators a non-invasive environment for testing reconstruction scenarios, virtual worlds offer the public access to important historic monuments without the wear of excessive visitation. This smartly presented website provides an introduction detailing the history of the site and the role of digital technologies as an important part of heritage management. Access to the computer models themselves is provided, along with a discussion regarding their development.
The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust, and the Gwynedd Archaeological Trust, maintain the Conwy Sites and Monuments Record on behalf of, and in partnership with, Conwy County Council. The unitary authority of Conwy was created in April 1996 by the amalgamation of Colwyn District Council (in the then county of Clwyd) and Aberconwy District Council (in the then county of Gwynedd). From 1996 CPAT and GAT have shared responsibility for the Conwy record. The SMR is used for a variety of purposes, such as advising local authorities on the implications of proposals for building development, providing heritage management advice to organisations and individuals and answering enquiries from both private and professional researchers. CPAT and its SMR partners have always been keen to increase the use made of the SMR and to promote better access to information about Wales' historic environment. Making data available to the Archaeology Data Service is seen as one way of doing this.
The city of Corinth, one of the richest and most important urban centres in ancient Greece, has been excavated by the American School of Classical Studies in Athens for more than a century. This attractively presented website is part of an on-going project to present some of the discoveries in digital form with special emphasis on aspects of planning and urban layout in the colony of Roman Corinth from 44 B.C. onwards as well as providing a critical guide to the various descriptions, written and artistic, of the ancient city from the 17th to the 20th centuries A.D.Highlights of the site include attractively illustrated discussions of both the urban layout and its buildings and on landscape organisation in the surrounding territory accompanied by quality maps, interactive site plans and digital terrain and digital elevation models. Travellers accounts of the topography of Corinth between the 17th-20th are deconstructed using insights drawn from ethnography while techniques of local history are employed to reconstruct parts of the ancient city now covered by the modern village of Corinth. Other features include a glossary of ancient architectural and planning terms and a bibliography for further study. An interactive site plan of the ancient city provides a building by building analysis of the architecture in addition to a 360' photographic panorama of the modern terrain. QuickTime and Autodesk Whip plug-ins are required for these features but online technical help is provided where necessary. In addition to providing an attractive resource for study for undergraduates and researchers, the Corinth Computer Project website is a valuable addition to the corpus of websites which create an interface between archaeology and digital imaging.
The Corrugated Iron Club aims to highlight the archaeological, cultural and architectural significance of corrugated iron as a building material. Although their web site has not been updated since 2005, and the content is of varying quality, all the contributions help to promote awareness of the importance of preserving industrial and vernacular buildings which use corrugated iron, and understanding their part in our cultural heritage. Articles include tin tabernacles, nissen huts, the Royal Gunpowder Mills, the use of corrugated iron in vernacular buildings of Wales, Devon, Durham and Dorset, as well as Australia, Chile, India and New Zealand. A facsimile of a nineteenth century catalogue from corrugated iron building suppliers is also available.
The council for Scottish archaeology website is an informative portal on the archaeology of Scotland. It provides information on how to volunteer in excavations, addresses of institutional and amateur groups researching in Scotland and advice on the identification and management of archaeological sites for farmers and foresters. Scottish farmers are required by law to protect archaeological sites. A series of documents in PDF format has been specifically written to help farmers on this task. The website maintains lists of archaeological groups, museums and some of the current excavations and publishes a few fact sheets in PDF format. Other sections of this website target younger archaeologists providing them with basic information on opportunities to approach archaeology in schools or via the "Young Archaeologists' Club". Further information outlines opportunities of study in higher education, for both young and mature students. A separate section focuses on the research projects and publications of the council, providing short news and hyperlinks to other resources. This website is particularly useful to inexperienced people who wish more information in plain language on the opportunities of study and research of archaeology in Scotland. Amateurs will find plenty of opportunities to be involved in the research, from volunteering in excavations to participating in groups of interest. Farmers may find tailored advice and essential contacts to understand and comply with the law. The many educational opportunities at all levels presented may also help them in appreciating the value of any archaeological discovery that may be made on their fields.
The Journal of Heritage Stewardship (CRM) is a peer-reviewed journal published by the US National Park Service and focusing on cultural heritage. It publishes academic papers; articles and reviews. Most articles and papers focus on American heritage, but there are articles on the heritage of other continents. The full-text contents are freely available; it is possible to subscribe to the paper version or obtain information on submitting papers.
The website "Croness Pumping Station" is published by the Crossness Engines Trust, and is part of the National Grid for Learning. The site covers the history of the Crossness Pumping station, built in 1865 by Joseph Bazalgette as part of London's new drainage system. There is a sizeable section on the pumping station's history, taken from Ian G. Hampson's 'A popular history of Crossness'. This covers the building and it's engines, as well as including a biography of Joseph Bazalgette, and information on the state of London's sanitation and public health in the Victorian age. There is also information about the Trust and it's work to restore Crossness since the 1980s.
A clearly written and attractively illustrated guide to the potential of Computer Aided Design (CAD) in data collection and visual presentation for use by archaeologists and architectural historians by Harrison Eiteljorg. The guide aims to demonstrate the limitations of conventional 2D plans and drawings and how 3D models produced using CAD are a markedly superior and efficient method of illustrating archaeological and architectural sites. The guide is presented as a five chapter report providing an introduction to the key theoretical, methodical and technical issues underpinning CAD, including comparisons with conventional architectural drawing, followed by sections on data gathering, creating CAD models (including examples) and a concluding chapter which evaluates the benefits and demands of this rapidly changing kind of visual technology. Chapter 4 is particularly instructive as it provides a valuable guide to the webpages of CAD-using projects which may be useful to individuals developing an interest in CAD technology). There is also an extensive glossary of technical terms and a bibliography of relevant online articles published by the CSA newsletter.
This is the website of the Propylaea project of the Center for the Study of Architecture (CSA); the project concentrates on a single building, the Propylaea, which is the gateway to the Athenian Acropolis. The website makes extensive use of computer aided design (CAD) techniques; detailed information about the survey methods used is provided here. In addition to a general introduction to the building, and an essential bibliography, the website provides access to several pictures accessible through plans of the building; the plans identify the angle at which the pictures were taken and the pictures are grouped accordingly. A CAD model of the Propylaea in DWG format is freely downloadable; it requires at least a browser plug-in to translate it to a virtual reality model, but would be most useful to those with previous knowledge of and access to CAD software.
Cultural Resource Analysts, Inc. is the website of an archaeological and historic preservation firm, located in Lexington, Kentucky, America specializing in all phases and aspects of cultural resources and related studies. The site is extensive and contains much information on major projects undertaken by the company, regular news updates and online reports, presentations and publications. The site map makes navigation simple. The site introduces the company, staff, research specialities (including archaeology, bio-archaeology, geophysical research, lithics analysis and zoo-archaeology), projects carried out by the company, education and outreach work, links, a site map and contact details. The project pages include downloadable reports (some in PDF format) and titles and abstracts of reports available for sale. The education and outreach pages include details of the internship program run by the company and other educational projects including the Sayre School Historic Archaeology Project. The links page is extensive and includes sections on cultural resource laws and regulations, education and outreach, historic preservation, Kentucky archaeology and professional organisations.
Cultural VR Lab is an online collection of resources documenting the work of the laboratory at UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) which produces 3D virtual reality models of important archaeological sites. They seek to create accurate and authentic representations of culturally significant sites for both educational and commercial use. The lab was founded in 1997 and since then has completed a number of projects, with several more still in progress. The website includes project examples such as: the Roman Colosseum; the Roman Forum; the Inca Temple of the Sun; and the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore. Descriptions of each project are given, accompanied by still images of each model. The full virtual reality versions are not publicly available online. The website details the aims and objectives of the lab and includes: list of their publications; the courses they offer; and news of recent developments and media coverage. Some of the publications are available to download in PDF format. Links are provided to related websites.
"Culture Without Context" is an online newsletter published by "The illicit antiquities research centre" at the University of Cambridge. It focuses on problems related to theft, looting, fakes, and illicit trafficking of antiquities. The research centre opened in 2006 and closed in 2007 and there are no plans for further issues of the newsletter. The existing nineteen issues are commendable and accessible in PDF or HTML format. Covered topics include laws protecting cultural heritage; suspect acquisitions of antiquities (especially by US museums); illegal sale of antiquities on the Internet; the illicit antiquities trade; looting of archaeological sites; fakes; and the destruction of antiquities in Afghanistan and Iraq following the US-led wars there. The newsletter has articles covering all continents as well as reviews of the literary production on the subject. It is recommended to use the clear articles of the newsletter in teaching. The courageous attempt of bringing to public notice (and shame) these topics should not be forgotten. Further research on the topic is also possible, but clearly action is needed the most.
CyArk 3D Heritage Archive Network is a project funded by the Kacyra Family Foundation that is producing digital models of several archaeological and historical sites using laser scanners and other equipment in partnership with several institutions. The models are published on this website with basic data accessible to everyone and a 'professional edition' is available to researchers after registering for free (an agreement must be signed and faxed to the foundation). Several models are already available and these include Salvador da Bahia (Brazil); Angkor featuring Angkor Wat, Western Causeway and Banteay Kdei (Cambodia); Thebes featuring main temple, kitchens and storeroom's precinct, and Bab al-Barqiyya (Egypt); Cathedral of Beauvais (France); Tikal featuring the central acropolis, great plaza and north acropolis (Guatemala); Pompeii featuring the Basilica and Pisa (Italy); Chavin de Huantar featuring the plaza mayor and several buildings (Peru); Tambo Colorado featuring Northern Palace and plaza (Peru); Fort Winfield Scott, Deadwood and Mesa Verde (United States). After signing in, the 'archive' section provides a menu of all available sites. After selecting one, a list of monuments is on the left and at the centre there is an interactive architectural plan that provides access to the multimedia features via icons. Only a few of the monuments of any site are usually accessible for any site. On the lower section, introductory videos; essential information as well as galleries of thumbnail-sized pictures are available for each archaeological site. The multimedia features consist of colour photographs; QuickTime panoramas; CAD (2D) drawings. The 3D Point Cloud Viewer allows to simulate a virtual world experience using precise 3D point cloud data. This website is an exceptional tool for researchers to study and compare the architecture of ancient sites and each project is an exceptional case study of digital recording techniques applied to archaeology. This review refers to the professional edition of CyArk.
A database providing concise descriptions of all archaeological excavations carried out in the island of Ireland between 1970 and 2000, based on the Excavations Bulletin initiated by archaeologist Tom Delaney and currently issued in an annual printed format by archaeological publishers Wordwell who are also responsible for the online version. The database can be browsed year by year and county by country but the search engine can equally be used for more specific enquiries according to site type, grid reference, Sites and Monuments record number and author. Many of the individual reports are substantial short essays but the level of detail depends on the contributing authors, the archaeological significance of the site itself but also the considerable increase in the amount of excavation carried out in Ireland since 1970. In addition, the site provides guidelines for authors submitting reports to the website and for archaeologists intending to carry out excavations in Ireland as well as links to heritage-related webpages. This is an indispensable brief guide to excavation projects carried out in Ireland since 1970 and will benefit anyone researching the archaeology of Ireland in all periods as well as provide insights into the practice of contemporary field archaeology on the island.
The Defence of Britain Project database, hosted by the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), was compiled from field and documentary work carried out between April 1995 and December 2001. The Project was designed to document the 20th century militarised landscape of the United Kingdom, and to inform the various local and national heritage agencies with a view to the future preservation of any surviving structures. The Defence of Britain Project was administered by the Council for British Archaeology and drew upon a volunteer force of roughly 600 individuals who carried out the fieldwork with some 17,000 field visits to sites throughout the British Isles. Structures were categorised as 'Anti-Invasion' (implying structures built primarily between 1940-41 as a response to the threat of German invasion) and 'Non Anti-Invasion' (all other defensive military structures built during the 20th century). In total, nearly 20,000 records are held with the database. The paper record of the Defence of Britain Project, including the individual site records, have been deposited with the National Monuments Records of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Full text descriptions of the various sites are invariably present, although in many cases collected plans, photographs and drawings are not present in the digital archive. However, a gallery of over 800 photographs is available for browsing. The database is searchable via place (e.g. Country, County, Grid Reference), period, or type and condition of structure.
The website of the Defence of Britain Project, which ran from April 1995 to March 2002 under the auspices of the Council for British Archaeology, is now completed and archived project which aimed to map the military landscape of Britain. The project was run by the Council for British Archaeology (CBA). Nearly 20,000 twentieth century military sites in the United Kingdom were recorded by an army of some 600 volunteers. Two databases which were developed by the project can be viewed online via the Archaeology Data Service (a link is provided). A link also opens the old site of the project, where users can find: a selection of some of the images contained in these databases; a record count of how many sites are in each county and unitary authority, a map of anti-invasion defences; information about research into pillboxes and other anti-invasion defences; previous issues of the newsletter, links to other sites and details of the organisations linked with the development of the database. On the current site of the project and of the CBA a list of publications on 20th century military history can be consulted.
The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust maintains the Denbighshire Sites and Monuments Record on behalf of, and in partnership with, Denbighshire County Council. This regional SMR deals with an area of some 7,500 square kilometres of north-east and central Wales, ranging in character from the open uplands of the Cambrian Mountains and the Brecon Beacons, to the rich river valleys of the Severn and the Clwyd. The SMR is used for a variety of purposes, such as advising local authorities on the implications of proposals for building development, providing heritage management advice to organisations and individuals and answering enquiries from both private and professional researchers. CPAT and its SMR partners have always been keen to increase the use made of the SMR and to promote better access to information about Wales' historic environment. Making data available to the Archaeology Data Service is seen as one way of doing this, and the following data fields have been made available online. At present the regional SMR contains over 38,000 records, reflecting the wealth and diversity of the region's historic landscape. Sites recorded range in date from the Palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and include extensive funerary and ritual complexes of the Neolithic and Bronze Age, dramatic chains of Iron Age hillforts, the settlements, roads and forts of the Romans, and the farms, villages, castles and churches of Wales' Dark Age and Medieval kingdoms - interspersed with those of her English neighbours.
The website of "The DiCamillo Companion to British and Irish Country Houses" is a project which aims, in its database, "to list every country house ever built in Britain and Ireland, standing or demolished". The author, Curt DiCamillo, is a member of the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain, although his company is registered in the US. The database can be searched by location, country, and country house name. The site is rather good and of interest to those who need to contextualise their history within an architectural setting or who are carrying out research on country houses. The illustrations are excellent and a slide show highlights the best of the houses. This may take up to two minutes to download. The section on houses in danger merely states the obvious and does not list any of the houses. The link to Burke's Peerage and Gentry database is rather useful. The site also provides links to societies involved in the preservation of country houses and institutions offering courses and masters degrees in the study of country houses. The site features a pronunciation guide together with a rather tacky gimmick in the guise of a fictional Lord Worcestercleucch.
The Digital Archive Network for Anthropology and World Heritage is designed to function as a federation of distributed, interoperable databases, each with specific content of value to the study and preservation of human heritage, both cultural and biological. The project spans the disciplines of archaeology, biological anthropology, ethnography, and linguistics, although it is anticipated that it will also benefit other scholars in the humanities looking at aspects of human heritage. The scale of the project suggests that it may be some time before it is completed. As of August 2003, the archive was limited to archaeological collections from North Dakota State University (where the project is based), with the Biological Anthropology Collection under development. The databases contain text, 2D images, and precise 3D recreations of artefacts. These are apparently detailed enough to allow online measurements to be made of the 'surrogate' object. Software for displaying the various types of image may be downloaded from the website. The website also contains a tutorial and a message board. The project has the potential to become a valuable resource.
Part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service's "Guides to Good Practice" series, the second edition of the "Digital Archives from Excavation and Fieldwork Guide to Good Practice" is intended to provide information on the best way to create and document digital material produced in the course of excavation and fieldwork, and to deposit this potentially vulnerable data safely in a digital archive facility for future use. The guide is an online version of a printed volume available from the AHDS, and as such is presented in the structured format of the book. The guide is aimed at: Agencies and bodies commissioning archaeological fieldwork, including national heritage agencies and local authorities; Creators of digital archives containing archaeological excavation and fieldwork data, including contracting and consultancy units, university-based research projects and national and local societies; Curators who will receive excavation and fieldwork digital archives, including museums, National Monuments Records and county or regional Sites and Monuments Records.
The Digital Atlas of England Project aims to satisfy the need for publicly available information on the UK's churches in an easily accessible form through the creation of a permanent digital image bank of architecturally and historically interesting sites in England. The Atlas only records those buildings recorded in Nikolaus Pevsner's Buildings of England series built prior to 1900 and as a result does not cover those in most large towns and cities. The project director is focusing on Anglican parish churches, and their structure and contents (including Royal Arms, pews, stained glass, pulpits and of course tombs). This site displays sample images, although it appears that the aim is to produce a range of CD-ROMs containing the images, and featuring the Panorama programme which is used by the project. Details for the purchase of the CD-ROMs are given, though at the time of writing this they were out of print. The good quality sample images indicate the standard of this project. The Atlas website provides information about the project, including a record of the number of photographs created. The website also contains a record open and locked churches in England, an interesting photographer's blog with contributions from the photographers for the project, and an invitation to join an email discussion list of the site. Free registration is required in order to access the full content of the View Buildings section of the site.
The Directorate of Culture, Cultural and Natural Heritage of the Council of Europe is responsible for promoting and preserving the natural, historic and architectural heritage of the member states. The website aims to provide full information on the activities of the Directorate of Culture, Cultural and Natural Heritage: projects, resolutions, campaigns, educational initiatives, etc. The website contains information on and the texts of Conventions, Resolutions and Recommendations of the Council of Europe. Other parts of the site cover: diversity; dialogue; sustainable developments; convention monitoring; policy monitoring and development; regional co-operation; and awareness raising. Among the main projects at the time of review were: Intercultural cities: governance and policies for diverse communities; Regional Programme for Cultural and Natural Heritage in South East Europe; Cultural Routes; and European Heritage Days. This website may also be of interest to anyone concerned on the policies to prevent and act upon the illicit trafficking of cultural artefacts in Europe as well as the current and developing policies on the preservation of heritage. Researchers, advanced students and also concerned citizens may find it useful.
The Discovery Programme is an archaeological research institution dedicated to enhancing the knowledge of Ireland's past from the earliest times, and presenting the results to as wide an audience as possible. Brief reports are given on past and present field projects carried out by the Discovery Programme. A section deals with the application of information technologies to archaeological studies, particularly surveying applications and 3D reconstruction modelling. The publications of the Discovery Programme are listed.
This is the website of the Division of Anthropology of the American Museum of Natural History, that is dedicated to the study of human culture and biology. Members of the Division carry out ethnological research in Asia, Africa, North, Central and South America, and study such global topics as warfare and the origins of the state, highlights of these expeditions are presented online. The online collections section provides an opportunity for the browser to see the Division's archaeological, ethnological, and physical anthropology collections, assembled from the time the Museum's founding (late 1860s) to the present day. These include more than 500,000 objects from cultures in the Americas, Africa, Asia, and the Greater North Pacific region. The website enables the browser to use the Museum's Collection Management System to browse, search for and view images, detailed description, publication and exhibition history of each object. The Museum's research into archaeology and ethnography of North and Central America and Mexico is also introduced, including Web pages for: the excavation of the Hidden Cave, Nevada; and the archaeology of the Barinas region of Western Venezuala. Online, there are pages about the Museum's digital imaging project and other conservation initiatives and programmes. Information is also provided for visitors planning to research at the Museum.
Dyfed Archaeological Trust is one of four trusts in Wales that have responsibility for protecting, recording and interpreting all aspects of the historic landscape. The website provides information detailing the trust's work, including heritage management, past and current projects, and heritage interpretation. A directory of related links is also provided. The Heritage Management Section gives details regarding the region's Sites and Monuments Record, Planning and Development control, the Portable Antiquities Recording scheme, and the Treasure act. Information is also provided about the Trust's heritage management services and their involvement with the Tir Gofal agri-environment scheme, which aims to integrate whole farm environmental and agricultural management. The projects section details past and present projects undertaken by the Trust, and includes a news section relating to recent activities, whilst the heritage interpretation section gives example of design elements from the Trust's interpretive panels.
The East Midlands Archaeological Research Framework Project website presents the results of the first phase in the construction of an 'Archaeological Research Framework for the East Midlands'. The results are published as a set of downloadable PDF files comprising period-by-period archaeological resource assessments covering the Palaeolithic to Modern periods in Derbyshire, Leicestershire and Rutland, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire and Nottinghamshire.
This website details the "Ecologies of Modern Heritage" AHRC-funded research cluster, carried out in 2009. In particular, a few workshops in cross-disciplinary heritage research are summarised in briefnotes. Participants in the workshops formed small research teams and engaged in exploratory fieldwork activities at Bletchley Park. Bletchley Park had been selected to facilitate these interactions and collaborations as it is an iconic and internationally recognised historic site of the recent past. Professional archaeologists and researchers in particular may find this website useful.
This website is published by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and contains some information on current research on the temples at Karnak, Egypt. There are a few articles useful especially to researchers. The 'diaporama' (picture gallery) collects in one place all the many colour photos in the articles.
This website is a blog by Matthew Taylor that promotes the campaign for the return of the Elgin Marbles in the British Museum to Greece. On this blog the authors publishes many articles from different sources on the return of the marbles to Greece and the Acropolis Museum that has been built in Athens in the hope of their return. The author also signals some recent cases of plundering (e.g. Iraq); cases of restitutions of looted antiquities; and requests to museums to return antiquities. The repatriation of cultural heritage is a very sensitive issue and international organisations such as ICOM are already issuing calls for the repatriation of some cultural artefacts. This website can be useful to understand the reasons behind such calls. Students should be aware that this website does not present the reasons that museums may have for keeping the antiquities. Internet Explorer may be required to access this website.
The Parthenon Marbles were brought to London by Lord Elgin between 1801 and 1805 and from his name has been coined the term "elginism", which means an act of cultural vandalism.
Access to the website from Intute may require a refresh of the loaded website.
The eMuseum website provides highly detailed images and brief descriptions of national treasures and important cultural properties held by the museums of Tokyo, Kyoto and Nara. A large number of Japanese artefacts together with earlier Chinese paintings and documents are presented. All the information on the site is available in five languages: Japanese, Chinese, Korean, English and French. Although the home page is only in Japanese, clicking on any of the icons for the different categories leads to an easy-to-use graphical interface in all five languages. Images are organised into the following categories: Japanese painting (11th-13th centuries and 15th-19th centuries); Chinese paintings (Song and Yuan dynasties); Swords and Blades; Others (includes Buddhist statues, votive and ritual objects and vessels); Buddhist sutras and Chinese classics; Japanese Classic and Historical documents; Japanese and Chinese calligraphy; Textiles. Once a category is selected the user is presented with a list of all objects within that section, which leads through to a more detailed record for each object. This contains a thumbnail image, information of an object's date, period, material and provenance and a brief description. Navigation buttons also allow the user to browse an entire section without returning to the initial list. The thumbnail image provides access to a larger version image of the object that can in turn be enlarged further and viewed in detailed segments. Certain objects on the website also have the option to view them from different angles using the 'Image Browser' option. The eMuseum website is easy to use (but also includes a multilingual 'how to use' section) and provides easy access to very high quality images of a large number of important objects.
The Ename Center for Public Archaeology and Heritage Presentation website publishes news and information about the activities of the centre. The centre has focused in the past in the heritage of the Flanders, Belgium, and has been the driving force leading to the "ICOMOS Charter for the Interpretation and Presentation of Cultural Heritage Sites", also known as the "ICOMOS Ename Charter". The centre currently focuses on how communities, with their knwoledge and stories, can be connected to the local heritage, landscape and past history. How the past affects humans in the contemporary world is also a main subject. The website outlines the recent projects run by staff at the centre and intends to publish a series of digital publications in PDF format; at the time of review only the "Basic Guidelines for Cultural Heritage Professionals in the Use of Information Technologies. How can ICT support Cultural Heritage" booklet was available. The website will interest primarily anyone concerned with public archaeology and community archaeology.
This is the website of English Heritage, the organisation responsible for all aspects of protecting and promoting the historic environment in England. Its website provides details of its conservation and preservation work as well as information about the historic sites in its care. The site features attractive illustrations and photographs, and is arranged into the primary categories of properties and events, research and conservation, and learning and resources. Within these main categories one can find information on such things as places to visit, conserving historic places, archaeology, photos, publications, and the public archive and National Monuments Record. Contact and membership details for English Heritage are provided, along with details of their local activities. Each section offers detailed information, often providing catalogue entries for publications that may be ordered online. Also provided are policies and advice and, most usefully for researchers and teachers, there are extensive and annotated links to Internet resources of relevance. There is an excellent advanced search facility to accompany the browsing of the site by topics.
English Heritage is the main government body in England charged with the protection and management of archaeological and historical sites. The website "National Monuments Record thesauri", produced by the National Monuments Record (formerly part the Royal Commission on Historic Monuments of England now merged with English Heritage), is a well organised series of highly detailed thesauri to help professionals standardise the terminology used in describing heritage sites and materials when creating records for the public and professional domain. The hypertexted and fully searchable thesauri are comprehensive and encompass numerous discreet categories, namely : monument types; building materials; building and site type components; 'evidence' terminology designed to help in standardising descriptions of archaeological features such as stratigraphic relationships; archaeological objects; a variety of maritime heritage terms relating to shipwrecks, vessel types, cargo and marine toponyms; 20th century Defence of Britain sites. Also included is a link to the Forum on Information Standards in Heritage (FISH) and a guide to the wider concepts of the thesaurus for new users. This is an invaluable specialist resource which will interest anyone working in the heritage industry, including archaeologists and museum curators but also those from outside the sector (for example planners and business people) who need access to such reference material.
'Our Place' is an English Heritage website and is aimed at those who work in the heritage industry in the UK, specifically those workers who are charged with "broadening access to heritage" in ways that fit with government policy objectives. 'Our Place' aims to offer a social networking forum for contact with peers, news and a notice board, and events listings. Large sections of the website are password-protected and require users to sign in, but membership is free. The website offers the ability to search for other members, to promote projects, and to add details of events of interest to other members. There is also an email newsletter for members. This may be a useful networking hub, but the current level of activity cannot be judged in any way without first joining.
The Microfilm Index (MI) describes all those archaeological archives for which the National Monuments Record for England (NMR) holds microfilm copies. English Heritage NMR's microfilm programme has been running for the last 20 years, and the collection comprises archive obtained from a variety of sources, including archaeological units, museums and English Heritage. The Microfilm Collection contains excavations, evaluations, watching briefs and geophysical surveys; building surveys, desk-based assessments; and fieldwalking projects. This resource is accessible through the ADS Archsearch database and can be searched by selecting the 'Search by resource' option from the menu bar. The site is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource. Although this resource is part of a much larger dataset, a page exists to outline the history of the dataset and describe the MI fields supplied for each archive to the Archaeology Data Service (which form a subset of the full record held at the National Monuments Record).
This is the official website of EPOCH, an EU funded research and development project (contract no. IST-2002-507382) that integrates the research activities of several universities and museums on ICT applications to cultural heritage. The website informs about the many training opportunities sponsored by the project, most of which are postgraduate courses. There also a newsletter and reports ("publications") on the state of ICT introduction in higher education among the EU member states (as part of the "Bologna process" towards meeting the requirements of the "Bologna Declaration" of June 1999) in PDF format. Some presentations made at conferences are sometimes available, for example the presentations given by team members at the EVA ("Electronic Imaging & the Visual Arts") 2006 conference are available in MP4 format from the "download section". Several papers by team members are available in PDF format from the "multimedia" section. Most articles and activities focus on virtual reality and Web technologies applied to archaeology. This website may interest staff, researchers and postgraduate students in computing applied to archaeology or anybody interested in HE training and especially developments promoted by the EU in support of the Bologna Declaration.
Erétria on the island of Euboea was an important settlement during the Mycenaean, Greek and Roman period. This website summarises the results of the ongoing excavations by the Swiss Archaeological School in Greece. There is a gallery of pictures including both monumental remains and artefacts (such as mosaics); the large high definition pictures are in JPEG CMYK format suitable for press printing and should be downloaded and opened with a specialist program, most browsers will return an error when attempting to open them. Section "theater" by Elisa Ferroni is in German only and publishes the results of a test pit in the area of the theatre, it includes a map; a report on the stratigraphy of the theatre; a detailed report that summarises with drawings and pictures all typical shapes of pottery encountered in the stratigraphy; and a short article suggesting a date for the strata based upon all other studies. There is a timeline (chronology) and a short illustrated article on the landscape. Section "history" publishes a set of illustrated articles each focussing on a period of the settlement of Erétria. Of particular interest are the Early Helladic potter's kiln and the 8th century BC tomb called "Heroon", where a funerary bronze cauldron was found. The town flourished since the Archaic period, and was sacked by the Persians of King Darius in 490 BC, just before the battle of Marathon, and then in 411 BC the town switched side from the Athenians to the Spartans and in the eponymous battle of Eretria the Athenian fleet was destroyed. Philosopher Menedemos was born at Eretria. There articles on the literary sources mentioning the town and epigraphic studies. A large section focuses on numismatics with an article by Monica Brunner and a gallery of pictures in "coins of Eretria"; a separate Euboean coins database which contains information on over 600 Euboean coins recently sold at an auction; it is still possible to access the pages of the auction and access the prices of sale that may be useful in studies of the trade of antiquities. The database contains all inscriptions on coins. There is an extensive bibliography on Euboean coins. On the website of the Swiss Archaeological School in Greece there is also a bibliographic database specialising on Eretria. If a hyperlink appears broken, it might be worth retrying a few times to click on the original link; there were problems with the server at the time of review.
This is the website of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA). The EAA is a membership-based association open to all archaeologists and other related or interested individuals or bodies. The association has over 1100 members worldwide working in all field of archaeology, including prehistory, classical, medieval and industrial archaeology. The website gives detailed information about the organisation, its structure, codes, statutes, aims and membership. The association publishes the "European Journal of Archaeology" (EJA) and the electronic newsletter "The European Archaeologist" (TEA), the latter is available to members only in a special section. Members can also post comments on reviews published in the European Journal of Archaeology. The association organises annual meetings and this website contains updated information on past and forthcoming ones.
The full-text volumes of the "Journal of European Archaeology", which was published between 1993 and 1997, is available in the members section (non members can purchase articles for a fee).
Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, was an important centre of Puebloan culture between 850 and 1250 AD. It was a ceremonial, trade, and cultural centre remarkable for its monumental public buildings and distinctive architecture. It is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The website 'Evaluating Models of Chaco : A Virtual Conference', consists of a number of essays looking at aspects of the civilisation at Chaco, including the roads, buildings, and other archaeological finds. There is analysis of the relationship between Chaco and Mesoamerican cultures, and discussion concerning the economic and social organisation of the region. Scholars are invited to respond to the suggested models. A bibliography is provided.
This digital archive, hosted by the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), presents information regarding the 1989-92 excavations at Eynsham Abbey undertaken by Oxford Archaeology (then Oxford Archaeology Unit or OAU). This archive has been made available as part of the 'Digital Archiving Pilot Project: Excavation Records' (DAPPER) project funded by English Heritage. Eynsham Abbey, founded in 1005 AD, replaced an existing Minster church dating from the 8th or 9th centuries. Briefly abandoned between 1066 and 1109 AD, the abbey was re-founded and became the third richest religious house in the county, although economic mismanagement lead to its eventual dissolution in the mid-16th century. By the mid-17th century the inner precinct buildings were demolished.The 1989-92 excavations, funded by English Heritage, were designed to assess the abbey and the various predecessor structures in the area. Significant focus was given to the economic aspects of the Saxon, Medieval and Post-Medieval site, studied through the recovery of artefacts and "ecofacts". Available through the digital archive are: text files detailing the site (in HTML, .doc and plain text formats); comma-delimited files suitable for importing into databases; .dwg, .dxf and .dwf files for use with AutoCAD and GIS packages; and a dozen .jpg images depicting various stages of the excavation. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
Following the American Revolution, the Native American peoples of the Midwest were increasingly pushed from their homelands by white settlement. On Aug. 20, 1794, a group of confederated tribes were defeated at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. This loss opened the lands of the Northwest Territory to white settlement and initiated the closing of them to Native Americans. The Fallen Timbers archaeological project run by Heidelberg College is an attempt to accurately locate and preserve the field of battle and to more fully understand the motives and movements of the combatants and their people before, during and after the battle. The website of the project provides press releases, senate bills and the report of the field survey in html format. There is an archive of photographs related to the field survey and media related activities. There is a list of officers serving during the battle, with additional biographical details if known. This resource would be very useful for those researching family history. There is also a biographical sketch of the director, G. Michael Pratt and a varied links list. The site will be most useful for those interested in early American history, battlefield archaeology and the politics of cultural resource management in America.
FASTI online is a database of European excavations since 2000 and is published by the International Association for Classical Archaeology (AIAC), with funding from the Packard Humanities Institute (PHI). In addition, the free and full-text FOLD&R (Fasti On Line Documents & Research) journal is available; at the time of review all published papers (in PDF format) focus on Roman Italy (mostly focus on Rome itself) and were mainly in Italian. The referenced and illustrated (with maps and colour pictures) papers are in fact preliminary or full reports of recent excavations carried out in Italy, or reports of scientific analyses and studies. Each paper, being a report of an excavation, is linked to a record in the main database, FASTI, accessible by clicking on "scheda".
It is possible to explore excavation sites by using interactive maps in the main section of the database or by searching for keywords. It is also possible to browse the data by region, periods and excavation status. Each record provides some basic information, a very short summary of one or more seasons of excavation, and a minimalist bibliography. This website has potential to become useful for all archaeologists, though it is currently useful primarily to researchers in Classical archaeology for checking the existence of current or recent excavations.
The "Finds Research Group AD 700-1700" website provides an introduction to this group which is a forum for people interested in or researching artefacts of the Anglo-Saxon, Viking, medieval and post-medieval periods. The website includes details of forthcoming conferences and meetings, a list of datasheets produced by the forum which communicate the results of ongoing work, membership details and short list of links. One datasheet (Prick Spurs 700-1700 by Blanche M.A. Ellis) is available as an example in PDF format. Membership forms are available on line for printing out (in html format). Details of committee members are also presented. The short list of links includes other finds societies and groups, museums and governmental bodies related to archaeology.
The Forum for Information Standards in Heritage (FISH) is aimed at those involved in the recording of information on the historic environment. The website is aimed primarily at those working in the UK and Ireland but welcomes participation from those further afield. The work of FISH is focussed in two main areas and the website reflects these aspects of FISH's work. The first area, the 'forum' element of FISH, is the ongoing discussion list run by the forum. The FISH website provides access and the option participate in current discussions as well as to view the forum's archives. These features are, however, run externally from the JISCmail service and participation requires the user to sign up. The archives can, however, be freely accessed. Developing out of the forum element is FISH's work in the creation and development of printed standards for the recording of the historic environment. The MIDAS and INSCRIPTION projects focus on this area. MIDAS, developed from 1996 to 1998, sets out an agreed list of units of information to be included when creating an inventory or other systematic record of the historic environment. MIDAS is essentially a "content" or "metadata" standard for historic environment information and covers areas such as Monument Character, Events, People and Organisation. MIDAS relates directly to the second FISH project, INSCRIPTION, in that standards for indexing under each MIDAS 'unit of information' are contained in the INSCRIPTION standard. The full MIDAS document is available for download as a PDF file from the FISH website. The INSCRIPTION lists vary in terms of their location but full details are held on the FISH website.
The Flintshire sites and monuments record, maintained by the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust in partnership with Flintshire County Borough Council, is part of the Regional Sites and Monuments Record which contains over 38,000 records and includes sites ranging in date from the Palaeolithic to the twentieth century. The Regional Sites and Monuments Record, maintained by CPAT, also covers the unitary authorities of Denbighshire, Wrexham and the eastern part of Conwy (which from 1974 to 1996 formed the county of Clwyd), and the unitary authority of Powys, which includes most of the National Park. This regional SMR deals with an area of some 7,500 square kilometres of north-east and central Wales, ranging in character from the open uplands of the Cambrian Mountains and the Brecon Beacons, to the rich river valleys of the Severn and the Clwyd. The data made available here to the Archaeology Data Service (as part of the ArchSearch catalogue) contains key data fields derived from the full SMR database and was downloaded from CPAT's Regional SMR on 23rd October 2000. The database is intended to be used as an index to the SMR archive which comprises many elements, from computer databases and digital surveys to historic maps, 25 years worth of excavation and survey archives and over 30,000 aerial and 40,000 terrestrial photographs. Users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to using the dataset and, in all uses, data from the SMR will remain the copyright of CPAT, its partners in the SMR and any other stated bodies. A full overview of the dataset and the fields provided can be found on the ADS website.
The Forest of Dean Archaeological Survey has been undertaking research into archaeological sites within the several West Gloucestershire parishes that constitute the forest. The forest contains surprisingly few known sites, which has led the County Council archaeological team to suspect that there is a need for the large-scale and systematic exploration of the area. Techniques such as aerial photography, field walking, and geophysical surveying are being used to uncover more sites of interest.The Survey's website details news and information about the project. More material will appear as the project progresses. Early sections describe traditional charcoal burning and aerial photography, and there is a brief progress report. The website is intended to be of interest to the general public.
The Future of Stonehenge website gives information about the public consultation that took place in October 2008 to discuss improvements that could be made to this World Heritage Site. A visitor to the website can find out more about Stonehenge, and download pdf documents of the public consultation booklet and the management plans. The proposals cover environmental improvements around the stones and new visitor facilities. Because the consultation booklet was designed to make the issues about making improvements to Stonehenge clear to everybody, it is a good starting point for anybody wishing to learn more about works to World Heritage Sites - the level of sensitivity required and the complications that come with having to meet the criteria of various institutions, whilst spending within the budget taken from public funds. The booklet discusses how the public will be able to use the site in the future, changes to the road system near to the site, and possible locations for the new visitor centre. The report contains many beautiful aerial photographs.
The website "Garden History Society" introduces this society which aims to promote the study of the history of gardening, landscape gardening and horticulture, promote the protection and conservation of historic parks, gardens and designed landscapes, and to advise on their restoration and encourage the creation of new parks, gardens and designed landscapes. The website provides many resources suitable for academics researching the history of gardens, but also interested members of the public. There are online indexes for the journal Garden History (some only available in the cumulative index in PDF format), with plans for digitisation of major articles. Newsletter contents are also available and the conservation reports for England and Wales, and Scotland contained within them available in html format. The Society publishes or has published on it behalf, a number of informative books, leaflets and reports. A list of these is available in a cumulative index and annual bibliographies of titles relating to garden history are available. Both are in PDF format. The links page provides a list of websites relevant to Garden History. Useful for academics is the register of research (again a PDF file) that is intended as a guide to the research activities and interests of Members of the Society. It can be also printed off as a A5 booklet and contains useful information
The Global Heritage Fund is a non-profit organisation promoting the preservation of "humankind’s most important archaeological and cultural heritage sites in developing countries". The website contains information on the activities of the fund and on membership; "explore global heritage" publishes a list of sites where intervention has been made possible thanks to the fund's grants and includes multimedia (texts, pictures and videos) reports of the funded projects; there is a useful news section; and a travel section with travel proposals designed for a sustainable tourism. It is possible to access the reports using Google Earth.
The Global Heritage Fund makes available grants; application details are available on the website. The Fund also sponsors the Global Heritage Network (GHN), a conservation network formed by international experts.
The website "Great Buildings collection" is an impressive online encyclopaedia of important world buildings and their architects edited by Kevin Matthews and published for free on the Internet by Artifice Inc., a 3D modelling software company based in Oregon with a focus on architecture. The database, which will interest a range audience of students and researchers in architecture and social history as well as the general public, features over 800 buildings which can be searched by a variety of categories such as period style, building type, date, climate, country, locational context (such as urban, rural, mountainside or coastal) or architectural feature (for example all buildings with domes or courtyard) in addition to personnel choices by the editor such as Millennium buildings. Each building is displayed as a series of data fields (the information for which is supplied by a range of contributors) and illustrated with photographic images and/or 3D digital models. The entries are fully hypertexted and are interlinked with the main RIBA website to facilitate use of their online architectural resources. Timelines of architects and of buildings are also created on the site. Bibliographic references to linked to commercial bookselling websites though other non-related advertising fliers also proliferate. The images can be freely used for non profit-making and educational activities but there are also details of a licensing scheme for commercial usage. The website also features news links to the Architecture Week site for up-to-date stories on buildings and planning.
The Greater London Industrial Archaeology Society (GLIAS) was founded in 1968 to record the industrial history of London and deposit these records with national and local museums and archives. The Society also offers advice on the restoration and preservation of historic industrial buildings and machinery. The GLIAS website provides information on the Society's activities, such as walks, lectures and recording groups, as well as educational courses run by members of the Society and a 'noticeboard' section highlighting other events held in London and across the country. In terms of publications, the GLIAS website contains the Society's bi-monthly newsletter in HTML format and archives of these back to February 1996. GLIAS also publishes a number of books and leaflets and also reviews publications, archives of which can be found on the website. The website also contains an extensive themed links section as well as a list of committee members and contact details. A significant part of the Society's work is the GLIAS Database. The award-winning database, although unavailable online, contains information on over 2000 sites in Greater London together with over 100 images, 470 articles, and over 200 links to websites as well as a glossary section and a range of search tools. The database is made available to Society members who can then install it on their own machines and add their own records. These records are then sent to the master database which is updated accordingly. The GLIAS website is extremely easy to use. At the time of review, warnings about the safety of the website reported by Firefox could not be confirmed.
The Greater London Sites and Monuments Record (GLSMR) is a computerised record of information relating to historic buildings and archaeological sites in the Greater London area. The GLSMR was started in 1984 by the Greater London Council, and is now funded and managed by English Heritage. The compilation of the Record was carried out in cooperation with the Museum of London, the Passmore Edwards Museum and the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. The initial phase of compilation was completed in March 1992 and the task of updating and adding listed buildings and archaeological discoveries continues. The online version of the GLSMR, accessible through the ADS Archsearch database, presents a subset of the data held in the SMR. This resource can be searched by selecting the "Search by resource" option from the ADS catalogue menu bar. The website is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource. English Heritage have provided a description of the GLSMR, guidelines for use and disclaimer which should be read by those wishing to follow up queries resulting from searching the online version of the SMR.
Gwynedd Archaeological Trust offers a wide range of archaeological services and has a great depth of local knowledge about the archaeology and historic landscapes of north-west Wales. Their website gives brief details about projects that have been undertaken by the trust and projects that they are currently involved with. Among the projects presented in detail are those at Parc Bryn Cegin, Llandygai (Neolithic house, Iron Age round houses, Roman buildings and artefacts); Parc Cybi, Tŷ Mawr, Holyhead (with dig diary) and the Waun Llanfair Project. There is information on the services that they provide including details on the Gwynedd Sites and Monuments Record along with contact details. The text of the site is available in both English and Welsh.
Hadrian's Wall is a World Heritage Site built by the Romans in Britain. This website is the official site and comprises many sections including attractions, planning your visit, accommodation, entertainment and events, group travel, an image gallery, education, community, downloads, links and a newsletter. The website is updated regularly and is easy to navigate.There is a link to a short sign language video describing the contents of the site, an easy to use site map and a link to the BBC weather pages to help plan your visit.
As part of a five year study into heritage management, the Getty Conservation Institute selected four world heritage sites as case studies. One of these is Hadrian's Wall in northern England. The project's aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of the "values-based" management model in heritage management. Within this framework, the authors examined how the Wall is managed in the face of a wide range of conflicting interests from cultural, economic, political and social contexts. The Wall is not a discrete archaeological site but extends across the country, taking in a number of different features, as well as a significant amount of land on either side. Ownership and responsibility for management is divided between several organisations, so that management decisions can affect several hundred landowners, tourism organisations, local communities, farmers, environmental and heritage bodies, local and national authorities. The Getty report examines how the differing values assigned to the Wall by these many stakeholders are co-ordinated through consultation, strategic planning and a recognition of the Wall as just one component of a complex historic and living landscape.
This website combines underwater exploration and the historical archaeology of 19th century Canada by focusing on two merchant ships, the Hamilton and the Scourge, which sank in Lake Ontario in 1813 and which were discovered with the help of innovative sonar techniques in 1973. The resource combines a virtual tour of the wrecks and contemporary sources for the sinking during the War of 1812 with a account of the discovery and investigation of the ships and further information (including a glossary of technical terms and an extensive page of web links) on underwater archaeology. Other themes include the background to the War of 1812, naval life and shipbuilding in the early 19th century, the importance of the Lake Ontario in this period and the heritage legislation protecting the wrecks. The virtual tour introduces useful practical information on the layout and equipment of the ships. There is a marine glossary with some illustrated entries and a forum. This website, though aimed at the interested general public, will also benefit undergraduate students of underwater archaeology and modern history.
The Hampshire Treasures Online website brings together the results of a survey undertaken by Hampshire County Council to form a single record of treasures to be found throughout Hampshire, and make these available online. A Hampshire Treasure is defined as 'those natural or man made features of the county which are of public interest by reason of their aesthetic, archaeological, historic, scenic, scientific, sociological or traditional interest, and whose deterioration or destruction would represent a serious loss to our heritage'. The record is published in 13 volumes that can be browsed on line or entries can be found through a keyword search. Entries consist of description and dates; remarks; protections status and OS (Ordnance Survey) grid reference for the features. This is an easy to use reference resource on the heritage of Hampshire.
Hampshire's Historic Environment Web pages provide a central hub for access, together with advice and comprehensive information, to the many aspects of Hampshire's historic environment. The website includes the Archaeology and Historic Building Record, a section on buildings at risk (and a link through to the Hampshire Threatened Historic Buildings at Risk Register) as well as sections on archaeology, historic buildings, historic parks and gardens, historic settlement and water meadows. The web pages also contain a section on Hampshire's Historic Landscape Character Assessment project, an element in the national programme of historic landscape characterisation supported by English Heritage. This resource provides easy entry to the whole range of activities and projects carried out by Hampshire County Council's Historic Environment section including definitions of terms and in-text links to associated relevant information. The Web pages are simply formatted and easy to navigate though some links take the user outside of the new web pages and in such cases the side navigation bar is lost. The Web pages include a comprehensive list of contacts together with a useful thematic links page.
The website of the Heather and Hillforts Landscape Partnership provides information to the general public on a regional initiative in Clwyd and Powys, Wales, to promote improved heritage management, conservation, education and interpretation relating to the natural and historic landscape around the moorlands and uplands of the Clwydian Range and Llantysilio Mountains. As well as news and updates on the project, introductory notes are given on the main themes and issues being tackled by the Partnership, which is comprised of local residents, community groups, landowners, businesses, tourism organisations, local and national heritage and conservation groups. The project is primarily designed to improve access to and public awareness of the region's heritage. The historic heritage part of the project pays particular attention to the six Iron Age hillforts - Penycloddian, Moel Arthur, Moel y Gaer (Llanbedr), Moel Fenlli, Moel y Gaer (Llantysillio), and Caer Drewyn. Erosion on the sites is being tackled, community archaeology encouraged, and on-site interpretation improved. The website includes newsletters, an excavation blog, background notes on each of the hillforts, and links to archaeological survey reports (produced between 2004 and 2008 by Engineering Archaeological Services Ltd) for each site. Audio guides are also available for download by those wishing to visit two of the hillforts (these are also available as transcripts).
Herefordshire Through Time is a web resource providing access to the Herefordshire Council Sites and Monuments Record (SMR). The SMR database itself is searchable via site name, parish, OS grid reference, period, and site type. Specific records can be accessed through individual SMR numbers (if known). The records provide location and descriptive data regarding the sites, while also listing relevant documentary sources. Also present on the website is a guide to Herefordshire's many castles, which provides an introduction to the subject, glossary, and gazetteer. In addition, educational material for Key Stages 3 and 4 will soon be available, and information for metal-detecting working the county is provided.
The Heritage Aid Foundation website publishes information on the anthropological and historical research in South America, and especially in Bolivia, that the foundation carries out. The Foundation publishes books, maintains a photographic archive, and organises archaeological excavations. Information for volunteers is available on the website. Students interested in gaining experience in South America may be interested on this website.
This is the website of the Heritage Council (An Chomhairle Oidhreachta), a statutory body of the Republic of Ireland. Its role is to propose policies and priorities for the identification, protection, preservation and enhancement of the national heritage, which is defined as including monuments, archaeological objects, heritage objects such as art and industrial works, documents and genealogical records, architectural heritage, and natural and marine heritage. The Council has a particular responsibility to promote interest, education, knowledge, and pride in the national heritage. Historians and teachers will find a subsite devoted to Irish Walled Towns to be of interest. The website provides: a guide to Council projects and activities; an online version of the quarterly publication Heritage Outlook (downloadable as a PDF file); news and reports on recent initiatives in Irish heritage management, as well as virtual news clippings from national and provincial papers on heritage issues; information on grants and education services available from the council. Readers can subscribe to an online mailing list of information from the Council. For the heritage professional, as well as a guide to the personnel working with the Heritage Council, there is a series of online annual reports, policy documents and conservation plans relating to many aspects of Irish heritage management (such as information on the Archaeological Features at Risk project). Also included is an extensive page of Web links to Irish, British and international heritage sites.
The website of "Heritage Council of Victoria" publishes a wealth of information on the local cultural heritage, including a newsletter; a database of inland sites and information on shipwrecks off the coast (a few shipwreck have been given greater detail). The website also includes much information on local and Australian legislation regarding cultural heritage as well as reports of local relevance. All documents are in PDF format. Most archaeology in the area is historical archaeology (modern period). Both students and researchers interested in the area may find the website (and especially the database) useful.
"Heritage Ireland" is an official guide to the historic buildings, parks and gardens in the care of the Irish Government together with an outline of the various cultural and heritage bodies such as museums, libraries and performance venues which conserve and promote Irish cultural heritage. The website, published by the Department of the Environment and Local Government and part-funded by the European Union, provides a useful A-Z gazetteer which combines short historical and cultural accounts of individual sites and institutions with practical information on access, opening times, prices and contact details (including web addresses). The content is divided according to the Irish counties, with maps also available. There is a page of links to other Irish government bodies responsible for national heritage. The resource, available in English, Irish, French, German, Italian and Spanish versions, while largely aimed at the general public will also interest professional archaeologists, historians and heritage managers.
Hertfordshire County Council's web pages on archaeology act as an introduction to the county's heritage and historic sites, and provide information about recent notable finds. There is an archaeological history of the county, from the first nomadic hunters down to the Second World War. Maps showing the distribution of the county's Areas of Archaeological Significance and Scheduled Ancient Monuments are also provided, although unfortunately there are no specific details about individual sites. Information about how to access the county sites and monuments records is supplied. There are pages on the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Hitchin and the Roman remains found in Cheshunt. Contact details and web links are provided for local archaeological associations.
The Highland Council Historic Environment Record (HER) website makes available online a database of over 32,000 archaeological sites and monuments in the Scottish Highlands, from the Stone Age to modern times. The database has been compiled by the Archaeology Unit of the Highland Council Planning and Development Service. It is fully searchable online, and each record details the district, parish, location and period of the site or monument, and is accompanied by photographs and documents relevant to its discovery or history. There are several search options, including an interactive map. Research tools include a glossary, tips and guidance, period summaries, and frequently asked questions. Further resources are available on the site: themed articles and heritage trails. New additions include new monuments added to the database as well as field reports. The site is being updated constantly.
This is the website of the Highland Archaeology Service, which is part of the Highland Council's Planning and Development Service. It identifies, protects, promotes and interprets the archaeological heritage of the Scottish Highlands (from Rannoch Moor to John O'Groats, Nairn to the Isle of Skye). Their website gives general information about the services provide by the Highland Council Archaeology Service. In addition there is the latest issue of their online newsletter. There is practical advice on the course of action that should be taken on discovering archaeological sites and finds, on listed buildings and on information on treasure trove. There is a set of guides to archaeological sites worth visiting. There are extensive reports, generally lacking illustrations which are considered too large to offer online, for a number of field work projects that have been carried out in the area.
This Historic Churches Survey Database website, published by the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust, provides access to information collected as the result of a CADW sponsored initiative to conduct a pan-Wales survey of all historic churches. Surveys of the medieval churches of: Denbighshire; Montgomeryshire; Radnorshire; Brecknockshire; Eastern Conwy; Flintshire; and Wrexham are available. Each individual survey contains a photograph and descriptive summary of the church, accompanied by (often very extensive) sections on: history; architecture; and the associated churchyard, with citations for all literary sources. This resource would be of interest to: architectural historians; medieval historians; and archaeologists.
Heirport enables the simultaneous searching of four online databases relevant to the study of the historic environment: the Archaeology Data Service (ADS); the Royal Commission for the Ancient and Historic Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS); the Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS); and the Scottish Cultural Resource Access Network (SCRAN). A choice of simple, complex or boolean searching is available. Simple searching allows the entry of keywords together with the selection of one or more of the databases to search. Complex and boolean searching provides further opportunities for refining the search, following an intuitive 'who, what, when and where' set of fields (together with title, subject, author). The 'where' searching is further enhanced by the opportunity to enter British or Irish Grid references or latitude/longitude references. Records retrieved from the selected databases are structured according to the Dublin Core metadata Element Set and link to the full records at the originating service. The technical development was undertaken by staff at the ADS and the Computing Laboratory: University of Kent at Canterbury (UKC) and the site provides information on the use of Z39.50 and resolution of interoperability issues. Heirport is published and maintained by the ADS, University of York and was first published in 2001.
This website provides resources relating to the Historic Environment Local Management (HELM) project established by English Heritage in 2004 to support professionals involved with conservation of the historic landscape in England. Aimed primarily at such people as archaeologists, estate managers, planners and local authority officers, it explains in detail the positive roles that each of these can play in heritage management, along with giving practical advice for procedures and training opportunities. A directory of "Historic Environment Champions" is provided, as well as a large online library of documents discussing topical issues such as sensitivity to the historic environment in town planning and rural development, the renovation and re-use of traditional buildings, funding, and the contribution that historic environments can make to the quality of life and vibrancy of local communities. Detailed reports and a database of local case studies discuss all aspects of historic environment management, providing practical advice and promoting the sharing of good practice in research, recording, conservation, planning and community involvement. A free quarterly newsletter is available, with an archive of past issues.
The Historic Jamestowne website is published by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (APVA) in collaboration with the National Park Service (NPS). It is concerned with the first permanent English settlement in America, founded by the Virginia Company in 1607. On the site there is information on the archaeological activity currently ongoing in Jamestowne, with information and images of featured finds. There is also a strong history section giving the background to the Jamestowne settlement, the Virginia Company and the early settlers. Elsewhere on the site are lesson plans and interactive exercises, web links and recommended reading.
This Scottish Government website is concerned with all aspects of historic building conservation in Scotland. The site provides a general introduction to historic sites and describes the methods of preservation employed. There is a database of all listed buildings in Scotland, which may be searched by Council, Parish, or keyword. Results give the address of each building, the date and category of listing, and the council responsible for the listing. There is a special report on Urquhart Castle, an introduction to carbon dating techniques, information about historic visitor attractions, a list of places available as film locations, a searchable bibliography of publications, and an online tourist gift shop. The website also provides an educational service which requires registration. As may be gathered from the above, this site is aimed more towards the general public than the academic, but may nevertheless prove useful for the historic building searches, the bibliography, and possibly even for providing the opening hours of historic sites.
The "History Experience Centre" is part of the official Ulsan Metropolitan City website and focuses on the archaeology of the Ulsan region of South Korea. Section "Hall of the Ages" presents a timeline of the archaeological phases of the region from the earliest evidence of human presence, dating back to about 700,000 years ago, to contemporary times. By selecting the overview page all main phases are summarised with several illustrations. There are in-depth summaries of archaeological evidence, including ceramic styles, settlements and material evidence. The English version sometimes uses incorrect words, for example calling archaeological features "relics". However, the descriptions are clear enough and there are many colour pictures that are accessible from the many "gallery pictures". The abundance of details and pictures may be sufficient to the experienced researcher to recognise many archaeological artefacts and features and often the summaries could be satisfactory even in a final excavation report. Section "Hall of Cultural Properties" contains short reports of the main monuments, including the Bronze Age petroglyphs at Bangudae (scenes of hunting and perhaps whaling with boats) and Cheonjeon-ri (animals and geometric figures). More recent monuments are also included. Some archaeological sites are also present in the lists, and for each site a selection of artefacts is illustrated. Short videos and 3D reconstructions are also sometimes available in addition to texts and pictures. Section "Folklore Hall" focuses on games, religion, music and recent material evidence, while "Hall of Geography" contains pictures of several historical maps of the region with short commentaries. Overall, this is an excellent website that summarises the archaeological and cultural evidence from the Ulsan region effectively and may be of interest to both researchers and students.
The website 'history of Bengal' is a large site containing articles, information about books and a collection of photographs all relating to archaeological digs and sites in Bengal. In particular it focuses on two sites: Chandraketugarh and Khana-Mihirer Dhipi, which both date back over two thousand years. The website is not terribly easy to navigate, as it is presented in a linear fashion with few quick links to the many different sections it contains, some of which are quite hidden. Certainly, from the front page, the user has little hint at the range of information that is available. There are a large number of articles about the archaeological sites here, and a great number of photographs both of the sites themselves and of artefacts recovered from them. This is an interesting site which will be of use to scholars of ancient India.
This website publishes the history of the thermal spa in the city of Bath. Having been inaccessible since 1978, the baths have been recently restored thanks to a grant from the National Lottery Millennium Fund. Section "spa history" outlines the history of the spa, which was in use at least since the 1st century BC. Section "hot springs" contains a PDF document focusing on the geology; geochemistry; and geophysics of the spa, some information, and a paper by Dr Roger Rolls entitled "Spa therapy through the ages. A history of medical uses of the Hot Springs of Bath". The "spa quarter" section contains an interactive map of the main areas of use of the spa throughout history, mainly focusing on architectural structures. The "film and image archive" section contains a few short video clips from the BBC, British Film Institute and ITV (QuickTime plugin required), as well as a few galleries of pictures themed by period. The unusual (in archaeology) "oral archive" publishes recordings of local people reminiscing their experiences in the spa before the 1978 closure. Finally, "Thermae Bath Spa" shows a few pictures of the newly built spa areas. It is difficult to find places that have been consistently used for a purpose for millennia and have proof of such heritage visible for all. Students in particular will find this website very informative on many aspects relevant to the use of spas in antiquity as well as specifically on the spa at Bath.
The HMJ Underhill Archive, hosted by the Institute of Archaeology at Oxford University and archived by the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), consists of a digital collection of hand-painted glass (lantern) slides that depicted the "Megalithic Monuments of Great Britain," dating to 1897-5 and attributed to Henry Michael John Underhill. The Institute of Archaeology have digitised an important selection of Underhill's images and the online collection represents 78 hand-painted glass slides and 17 photographic glass lantern slides concerned with three topics: The Stone Circles of Britain (Stonehenge, Avebury, Stanton Drew and the Rollright Stones); The Roman Cities of Britain (Bath, Colchester, Silchester and Wroxeter); and Windmills.
The I Dig Sheffield website provides an online guide to archaeology around Sheffield and the Peak District. The site, which is funded by the New Opportunites Fund, may be explored by archaeological object or by place. Around 400 digital images of objects from within the Sheffield Museums collections may be browsed by theme, or via a browsing interface which permits selection by type, time period, site, material and then relevant sub-categories. Themes include trade and transport, food and farming, people and society, conflict and war, technology and work, burial and ritual and the history of archaeology. Each image is accompanied by detailed metadata including links to a bibliography of scholarly works and a glossary of archaeological terms. The archaeological sites section includes a clickable map of the region, and details for those interested in visiting sites. The website also provides space for feedback and a message board for questions and answers. Recent news on national and local archaeology is regularly updated. The links page includes general interest archaeology websites, government agencies and royal commissions, websites for local archaeological sites, societies and museums and the numerous project partners. This is an extremely useful site for those interested in the archaeology of this region presenting information in an accessible format (text as well as graphic versions of the website are available), a clear and concise manner and providing a full bibliography to enable users to find further information easily.
One of the gravest threats facing archaeological heritage in the modern world is the illegal excavation, export and sale of cultural material. This excellent resource is the website of the Illicit Antiquities Research Centre (IARC) based at the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research of the University of Cambridge, which aims to combat the problem by raising awareness of the issue and highlighting the underlying political, economic and social causes of the problem. The website provides a free online version of the IARC journal "Culture without Context" from 1997 to the present, featuring illustrated articles, book reviews, news and editorial comments. In addition is a substantial bibliography of books and journal articles (many online) relating to the theft of cultural heritage together with a list of weblinks to organisations and publications with aims similar to the IARC. The texts of the 1970 and 1995 UNESCO conventions on cultural property are provided in English, French, German, Spanish and Italian as well as a virtual version of "Stealing History", a travelling display designed to highlight the problem of the looting of antiquities to the general public. This is a very important resource with the widest potential audience ranging from the interested general public, undergraduate and graduate students and their teachers, those working in the heritage management and museum sector.
Images of England is an online database which aims to create a photographic record for every listed building in England. Run by the National Monuments Record, the project is funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund with additional support from English Heritage and Kodak Professional. Each photograph in the database is taken by a volunteer photographer and is accompanied by an architectural description; these descriptions are written by experts. The database can be searched by photographer, county, building type, period or associated person (such as architect, landscape gardener, builder, manufacturer, craftsman, patron, designer, historical figure, draftsman, painter, sculptor, stained glass worker or interior designer). Advanced search features enable users to carry out more complex queries. Images are presented as a set of thumbnails matching the classification selected. Clicking on a thumbnail image presents a larger image with the list entry for that building. The site also offers extensive information on the project and explanations of the content of the database. The website is freely available, although some elements of the site require users to register by filling out an online form.
INSCRIPTION is a collection of wordlists maintained or recommended by FISH (the Forum on Information Standards in Heritage) and aimed at providing tools for comprehensive and consistent indexing of different aspects of the built and buried heritage. The INSCRIPTION website provides descriptions of wordlists, their recommended areas of use and, in many cases, links to online versions of the lists themselves (either within the INSCRIPTION pages or elsewhere on the web). Where a list is not available on the Internet, contact details for the list owner are provided. INSCRIPTION consists of four types of wordlist, differing in terms of complexity, indexing and retrieval functions. A 'simple wordlist' merely consists of a list of indexing terms each with a precise meaning. Hierarchical wordlists are organised into a hierarchy where one term groups together one or more terms beneath it. Such lists allow records to be indexed with a specific term, but found and retrieved using a broader term. Complex wordlists have several components and, in addition to the chosen term, contain other vital information that needs to be included in any records indexed with the term (such as precise date ranges for archaeological period terms). Thesauri are the most complex type of wordlist and as such can be time consuming to construct and implement in a database. However, once constructed they provide flexible indexing and help to maximize retrieval. The INSCRIPTION web pages provide detailed background on the use and development of the resource and are easily navigable. The wordlists are logically presented and have concise descriptive metadata relating to their individual applications as well as development and ownership information.
This website, forming part of the French Institut National de Recherches Archéologiques Préventives, presents some of the recent archaeological discoveries in France. These include: a 4,500 year old burial site at Crès site, Béziers; eight shipwrecks at Lyon; a Gallo-Roman cemetery at Autun; and the "doline" of Cantalouette, where artefacts from the Acheulian to the Bronze Age have been found. The section focusing on the burial site at Crès site illustrates the funerary rituals in the area and also features a related research paper in PDF format. The section on Autun concentrates on Gallo-Roman stelae and burials. The section on the eight shipwrecks found at Lyon presents six Gallo-Roman ships, a medieval pirogue and a modern boat. The section about the doline includes a timeline. This website uses Flash animations, Quicktime VR movies and contains galleries of pictures and PDF files. An English version of this website is available by accessing the root of the website, but contains fewer sections.
This is the homepage of the Institute of Field Archaeologists, the professional organisation for field archaeologists in the United Kingdom. The comprehensive site includes the IFA "Codes of Conduct"; a list of Registered Archaeological Organisations; information about joining the IFA and on the membership services available; information on training; and a list of printed publications by the IFA. There are also lists of the staff members, members of committees and of the various special interest and regional groups within the IFA with links to their websites where they exist.
The website of the Institute of Historic Building Conservation (IHBC) introduces this professional institute that represents conservation professionals in the public and private sectors in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Their website contains detailed information about the Institute's aims, membership requirements, branches, and officers. News of upcoming events and conferences may also be found at the site. There is a list of academic courses accredited by the Institute and online essays giving guidance on particular conservation issues. Details of 'Context', the institute's magazine, are provided at the site, as are the texts of archived articles from the journal. These are freely available. There is also an open discussion forum. An 'international' section details the Institute's aim of encouraging greater cooperation between nations. Finally, the site provides links to other organisations with complementary goals. The site contains a lot of useful content.
The official website of the International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) publishes information on the activities of the association, including the annual conference. The website publishes several publications and reports in PDF format; career information; bibliographic information; and training information. A mailing list; membership information and a special section for members are also available. The association focuses on all aspects of impact assessment, including the environmental, social, health and cultural heritage ones. The association aims to be "a forum for advancing innovation, development, and communication of best practice in impact assessment" and its website is a primary tool to maintain communication among interested parties and publish results. Archaeologists interested in landscape archaeology or cultural heritage management may find the website useful and relevant to their work.
The website of The International Centre for Albanian Archaeology is an online portal publishing some information on ongoing archaeological excavations as well as heritage management in Albania and providing access to other online sources. As it is to be expected after the recent political developments, most of Albanian archaeology concentrates on training projects; rescue archaeology; and conservation projects. Among the training projects are the excavations of Durrës; Apollonia; Bonjakët; and Butrint. It contains several pages on rescue and conservation projects, but other sites focus in more detail on these issues: this website acts more as portal. An important section of the website is the online database "Missing Antiquities", which is collecting and publishing pictures of missing artefacts (very few listed at the time of review). However, a page details the looting at Butrint and Phoenicê as well as one success story of a recovered artefact. Hopefully this catalogue will develop more in the near future. This is an important website that draws attention on a spot of the planet forgotten for too long. Anybody interested on the archaeology of Albania, or surrounding areas, should visit it. The problems with looting are all but peculiar to Albania, nonetheless they must not be forgotten and this website does an excellent job in publicising the case of Albania. A small section lists the recent (pioneering) books on Albanian archaeology. From the home page it is possible to access the newsletter of the centre (in PDF format), which is richly illustrated and contains news about the activities of the centre and most importantly illustrated preliminary reports of the ongoing excavations and other field projects in Albania. And in an attempt to do something to promote tourism in the region, an audio guide of Butrint can be downloaded for free from the home page.
This is the website of the International Council of Museums (ICOM), a non-governmental organisation with formal links to UNESCO, dedicated to the development of museums and the museum profession. It provides information and guidelines relating to heritage conservation, and promotes awareness of museums. Published in English and French, the ICOM website explains the remit of the organisation, and provides news, policy documents, and museum directories. Recent press releases may be read online, and a calendar of ICOM meetings and events publicises forthcoming activities. International Museum Day is promoted, and there are pages devoted to past such days, explaining the chosen themes, reporting on activities, and providing annotated bibliographies of publications relating to each day. Essays on each theme may be downloaded in PDF format. There are also pages containing the ICOM strategic planning documents, and multilingual reports from the ICOM general conferences. Useful resources available from the website include: a bibliography of ICOM publications since 1946; copies of ICOM declarations and statements; a list of publications, some of which are available free of charge online and some can be ordered; and a substantial bibliography. An important activity of ICOM that is represented in several sections of this website is the fight against illicit traffic of cultural artefacts. Also featured are the official ICOM definition of a museum; and the ICOM code of ethics for museums. There are several mailing lists, including one operated by the International Committee for Musical Instruments.
ICOMOS is an international non-governmental organisation of professionals dedicated to the conservation of the world's historic monuments and sites. It provides a forum for dialogue and a vehicle for the collection, evaluation, and dissemination of information about conservation principles, techniques, and policies. The website has links to the sites of the various national committees and to the international scientific committees. There are reports from the general assemblies, the various charters, resolutions, and standards adopted by ICOMOS, and a list of ICOMOS publications. The "Heritage at Risk" ICOMOS world report 2000 on monuments and sites in danger is also published on the website. A search facility is available for retrieving specific pieces of information from the ICOMOS server.
This is the website of the Inuit Heritage Trust, an Inuit organisation established by and for the Inuit of Nunavut. The Trust is dedicated to the preservation, enrichment and protection of Inuit cultural heritage and identity embodied in Nunavut archaeological sites, ethnographic resources and traditional place names. The website is presented in English, Inuinnaqtun, and Inuktitut (and the font for the latter's writing system can be downloaded) and provides much valuable information on many aspects relating to the preservation of Inuit heritage. Cultural heritage professionals will be particularly interested in the sections on the legal and ethical codes governing this area but the site will also benefit students and researchers of anthropology and world archaeology. The projects section was nominated in the competition for Best Museum Web Site Supporting Educational Use in Museums and the Web 2004: Best of the Web while there is also a useful series of links to related websites and a section on educational resources which can be purchased from the Trust.
The website "Iraq: Conflict in Context" was put together by the BBC History team as a portfolio of content to place the current Iraqi conflict in its broader historical context. In addition to the news and current affairs pages, the resource includes articles such as : 'Lost palaces of Iraq' by Dan Cruickshank, based on his November 2002 television documentary on the subject; 'Crusades and jihads in postcolonial times' by Dr D. Sayyid; and 'Return to the Iraq Museum: The Cost of War' also by Dan Cruickshank. The excellent multimedia Mesopotamia galley provides a cache of attractive illustrations of Near Eastern antiquities with accompanying commentaries by leading expert Dr Dominique Collon, plus bibliographic references and web links to sites concerned with archaeological and heritage matters. This website will interest a wide range of individuals interested in the contemporary Middle East, particularly in view of the on-going military and political crisis in the region. It will also provide useful and up-to-date material for university-level students and researchers working on the archaeology and history of Mesopotamia, particularly on the relationship between politics, archaeology and heritage management.
This website is a blog and collection of articles, cartoons, information, links to other websites and satirical humour based on the impact of the war on the archaeological remains in Iraq since 2003. These resources are collected into three main pages - articles, a list of professional organisations that are appealing to protect Iraq's cultural heritage (and links to their statements on this subject) and reviews of other web pages that provide relevant information. The site is intended for archaeologists, historians, journalists as well as the lay public. It is continuously updated and provides an exhaustive up-to-date collection of reviews, articles and information on the status of archaeology in Iraq, especially since the 2003 Iraq War. Non-English sources are also listed. These resources are fully searchable and archived by date of publication.
The website "Iraq - The craddle of civilization at risk" is an excellent and highly topical gateway resource published by the H-Museum providing links to a wealth of high quality material on the impact of military action and political instability on the cultural heritage of Iraq since the Gulf War of 1991. There is an impressive array of articles published in academic journals, popular archaeology magazines as well as many links to cultural heritage documents and declarations such as the Hague Convention and UNESCO. The News Digest provides links to recent stories on cultural heritage in Iraq published by the major news agencies. Also included are the web links to a wide range of museums, art galleries, archaeological projects and academic publications. A search function for specific enquiries is available. The H-Museum forms part of the wider H-Net which aims to promote the education potential of the Internet by providing an interdisciplinary forum for humanities and social scientists to exchange information and ideas. This resource will interest a wide range of academics, students, professionals in the museum and heritage sector in addition to having a wider appeal to the general public interested in and concerned about 'heritage under fire'. The site has been updated last in 2003, thus some of the links to related internet resources are broken.
This is the website of The Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust (Shropshire), among the best UK Outdoor Attractions chosen by the Which? Guide, and The Family Attraction of the Year in the 2003 Good Britain Guide, that describes the reconstructed Victorian village at Blists Hill as "the undoubted highlight" of "the best open-air museum of its kind". This Gorge of the River Severn is a UNESCO World Heritage Site - a testament to the area's heritage but also the work of the trust to conserve, manage and interpret its history. It is an area likened to the "Silicon Valley of the Industrial Revolution" - the site of the first cast-iron bridge built in 1779 by the grandson of the first Abraham Darby, who had made the vital breakthrough of successfully smelting iron with coke. The website provides visitor and collections information about the museums including: The Iron Bridge and Tollhouse; Blists Hill Victorian Town; Iron and Darby Furnace; the Darby Houses; the Gorge; Coalport china; Jackfield Tiles; Broseley Pipeworks; and Clay tobacco pipes. The Ironbridge Institute, linked to from this website, is a partnership between the University of Birmingham and the Ironbridge Gorge Museums Trust, building on their experience of Heritage Management to provide taught postgraduate courses in Heritage Management and Industrial archaeology. Online, to assist teachers linking their classroom work with their visit to the museums, a series of educational resources are provided by the Ironbridge Gorge Museum's Education Department, for teachers of Key Stages 1, 2 and 3 studying History, Art and Design, Science, Design and Technology and Citizenship are provided online. They include some focussing on the Victorians, family history, local history, social history, for example, and many relating to Coalport china.
This is the website of The Ironbridge Institute which, (as a partnership between the University of Birmingham, The Institute of Archaeology and Antiquity and the Ironbridge Gorge Museums Trust), teaches postgraduate courses in heritage management and industrial archaeology, and Museum Association accredited museums management courses. The Ironbridge Gorge Museum and its associated Trust has become a centre of excellence for the conservation and management of a whole historic landscape, for the benefit of residents and visitors, and the Institute teaches students and facilitates studying for a higher degree by research, based around this "heritage".The website provides some information about the courses: Heritage Management (appropriate for people working or planning to work in conservation and recording agencies, museums, tourism, environmental education, archaeology, landscape design and planning); the industrial archaeology elements prepare students to manage monuments of the industrial age and their associated landscapes in a modern environment. Also provided are brief details of: sources for funding and career prospects, always issues for a postgraduate student; the Institute's consultancy work, including mention of the extensive archives of photographs and material collected as part of this work. The Institute's Coalbrookdale campus is part of the Ironbridge Gorge Museums Trust at the site of the Iron Bridge, spanning the River Severn at Ironbridge in Shropshire. This bridge is recognised as a totem of the Industrial Revolution, built in 1779 for Abraham Darby III.
The website Jamestown Rediscovery is an archaeological project of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (APVA) investigating the early remains of Jamestown, Virginia, the first English settlement in the New World which was established on the order of James I in 1607. This attractive interactive resource combines a guide to the excavations at the site since 1994 with an online exhibition which outlines the historical and political background to the venture as well as describing the relations between the colonists and the Native American populations and the daily lives of the first settlers. The early levels of the settlement, particularly the fort established as a defended advance post for the settlers of Virginia, were widely believed to have been eroded by the James River but the excavations have revealed important traces of the enclosure wall and other early structures as well as thousands of artefacts, many dating from the first generations of settlers. The Flash-based interactive exercises were no longer available on the site at the time of review. Biographies of the most notable early settlers include a portrait of Pocahontas. A bibliographic database outlining the social and regional origins of the 120 original settlers at Jamestown is in process. Also included is a guide to publications on the history and archaeology of Jamestown which be purchased online from the APVA museum shop and practical information on the displays and available educational resources for visitors. This website will interest in particular students and researchers working in historical archaeology and related subjects, including historians of early North America.
Jorvik is located in York, and recreates the sights, sounds and smells of the Viking city of Jorvik in 948 AD. The website includes visitor information, and details of the Archaeological Resource Centre, York Archaeological Trust and the Coppergate excavations.
This website presents the titles and abstracts published within the the Journal of Irish Archaeology between 1983 and 2001. The journal was established in 1983 to publish and promote research into Irish archaeology and related European topics. Papers include work on prehistoric and historic period archaeology in Ireland and on relevant areas of theory and methodological innovation. Some of the titles from the earlier volumes are missing abstracts. The site also provides background information about the journal, contact details of the editor, subscription details and guidelines for contributors. There is a short links page with sections on Irish and international archaeology.
This is the website of the Kelsey Museum of the University of Michigan which is home to nearly 100,000 artefacts from the ancient Mediterranean, Egypt and the Near East ranging in date from 5000 B.C.-900 A.D.The website provides an open-access database of the objects in the collection and provides a detailed guide on how to search the collection and download the necessary software. Readers can also browse the collection image by image. Work on the database appears to be still in progress and is due to be completed in Autumn 2002. The resource also includes numerous attractive online versions of exhibitions which have taken place at the Kelsey Museum since 1997. These provide fascinating insights both into the collections themselves and the archaeologists associated with the museum since its foundation and can be used as freestanding study modules for the wide range of topics featured as they also include bibliographic information. There is a guide to past and present excavations in North Africa and the Middle East which have been sponsored by the Kelsey at sites such as Carthage, Cyrene and Apollonia, St. Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai, Seleucia on the Tigris, Pisidian Antioch and currently at Kedesh in Israel and Abydos in Egypt. Apart from the general didactic value of this resource for archaeology students and researchers, this site will also appeal to those interested in electronic publishing and virtual museums.
The great tumulus excavated at Eberdingen-Hochdorf is one of the largest and most lavishly furnished burial mound of the late Hallstatt period (c540 BC) and contained the remains of a rich chieftain now housed at the Keltenmuseum in Hochdorf, Baden-Württemburg. While burial mounds of this kind are well known from the West Hallstatt area in Eastern France and Southern Germany, many were excavated prior to the development of modern techniques so this intact example is particularly notable. This website, in German with some English translation, provides an attractive guide to the main discoveries at the Eberdingen-Hochdoch mound with numerous plans, photographs and images (viewable at different scales) and links to outside sources of information. In addition there is information about the museum itself, illustrated descriptions of its previous exhibitions on various barbarian societies, and pages of bibliography and weblinks on Celtic sites. The burial mound, 60m in diameter and over 6 metres high when originally built, consists of some 7000 cubic metres of soil and 280 metric tons of stone. At its centre was a 7.5m square wooden chamber containing the remains of a man laid on a ceremonial couch used for drinking rituals accompanied by a lavishly decorated dismantled wagon, an enormous bronze cauldron imported from Southern Italy or Sicily, nine drinking horns, gilded daggers and costly jewellery. The Greek cauldron and imported Attic Black Figure pottery at nearby settlement sites provides important data on the controversial relationship between the Mediterranean world and Barbarian Europe. The surrounding settlement areas, some of whose houses have been reconstructed in the museum, and the so-called Fürstensitz ('princely seat') on the nearby Hohenasperg are also discussed. This resource will particularly benefit undergraduate students of European and Mediterranean archaeology but is also a useful didactic tool for school and university teachers .
"Keys to the Past" combines the Sites and Monuments Records of Durham and Northumberland County Councils in a single searchable online resource. Both basic (keyword) and advanced searches of the SMR are available, and images and additional relevant content descriptions accompany many records to provide more detailed information. The website also includes a "Local Histories" section, giving potted descriptions the history and archaeology of settlements in the Northumbria and County Durham. There are also chronological and thematic overviews of the region's material culture. In general the site provides a highly useful and usable resource to anyone studying the region or wishing to access the SMR, suitable for both academic researchers and the curious layman.
This is the official website of Kilmartin House, an archaeological centre and museum situated in Argyll, on the west coast of Scotland. The Kilmartin House Trust has won many prestigious awards for their high-quality, innovative interpretation of the archaeological heritage to be found in the area: over 150 prehistoric sites lie within 6 miles of Kilmartin. These include Pictish sites, burial cairns, rock carvings, standing stones and the fortress of the earliest Scottish kings at Dunadd. The website includes a virtual tour of the museum with some colour images of artefacts and displays, and an Interactive Monuments section, created in association with SCRAN (Scottish Cultural Resources Access Network). This includes colour images of and information about the key 150 local sites. The website also includes information on their educational programmes and publications, information for visitors to the area and a section on the Trust itself. For some sections of the website Cosmo or Cortona plug-ins are required. The Museum was awarded the Scottish Museum of the Year in 1998, but in 2004 has risked closure. The website has won numerous online awards for design and information and still provides excellent contents. The website includes comprehensive information for anyone interested in visiting the museum and the locality, including a quick preview (photographs and descriptions) of the exhibition. The research work of the museum and the Kilmartin House Trust is also described.
This wide-ranging and attractively produced website, 'Underwater archeology', available in French, English and Arabic, provides an illustrated introduction to the history, methods and major discoveries of underwater explorers, particularly those carried out by the research teams of DRASSM, the Départment des recherches archéologiques subaquatics et sous-marines of the French Ministry of Culture. Underwater archaeology has had a long, though sporadic, history, from the time Roman divers salvaged the cargo of amphoras from a shipwreck in the first century BC to the development of the modern aqualung by Cousteau and Gagnan in 1943. The resource features: a historical chronicle of major developments in maritime archaeology particularly since the designs of Leonardo da Vinci followed by the practical attempts to construct artificial breathing apparatus in the 17th century; an outline of the principal methods of underwater prospection and excavation of wrecks together with notes about the conservation of submerged organic materials; a major survey of shipwrecks around the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of France (a sample of some 700 known) in addition to others sites in Malta, Gabon, Martinique and the Indian Ocean; an account of underwater archaeology in Egypt, in particular the spectacular rediscovery of the submerged parts of Alexandria and of the numerous Greek and Roman wrecks off the Egyptian coast. This notable didactic resource will benefit and improve both amateurs and professionals alike, especially undergraduate students of Mediterranean archaeology and history but also anyone interested in wider issues of world archaeology, trade routes, conservation of underwater finds and heritage issues related to shipwreck sites.
The LiveArch website is the result of a joint project by eight open air museums across Europe, which specialise in living history around archaeological themes. Aimed primarily at professionals within the heritage interpretation and museum industry, the site provides information about LiveArch's training programmes, conferences and workshops for staff in open air museums. Resources include news about past and future seminars, with photographs, relevant press articles, book reviews and selected speeches from workshops and meetings. There are also staff directories with contact details for LiveArch and its partner museums. LiveArch is EU funded within the Culture 2000 project and works closely with EXARC (see separate Intute record)
David Gill (University of Wales Swansea) and Christopher Chippindale (University of Cambridge) present in this website their research on the trading and looting of antiquities. Among the published sections are: "The material and intellectual consequences of esteem for Cycladic figures" (data available in PDF format); "The material consequences of contemporary collecting"; "Collecting the classical world: the idea of a quantitative history" (includes a PowerPoint presentation); "On-line auctions: a new venue for the antiquities market". Bibliographic references to similar publications are also provided. David Gill also maintains an updated blog, where he discusses "the archaeological ethics surrounding the collecting of antiquities".
Looting of artefacts of historical significance took place already in antiquity and for this reason it has often been silently accepted by archaeologists; some pioneers of archaeological research were also collectors or traders on occasion. However, as the discipline matures, a debate on archaeological ethics is becoming an overdue necessity, and a duty for all archaeologists. This website is an important resource that may be useful to students, researchers, museum curators and heritage professionals; it can be used for teaching archaeological ethics.
An online technical assistance and distance learning resource which covers all aspects of caring for archaeological collections. The site is presented as an extensive tutorial covering the curation of archaeological finds before, during and after excavation. The tutorial is in ten main sections each divided into a set of topics. There is a quiz at the end of each section. A glossary explains many terms and gives information on a variety of materials of use in the conservation of finds and artefacts.
Mapping the Medieval urban landscape: Edward I's New Towns of England and Wales is the website for a project which aimed to look at towns founded by Edward I in the late 1200s in an attempt to understand the processes by which urban landscapes were created in the Middle Ages. The project looked at 12 towns in Wales and England: Aberystwyth; Harlech; Criccieth; Caernarfon; Newborough; Beaumaris; Conwy; Rhuddlan; Caerwys; Flint; Holt; Overton; and Winchelsea. The attractive and easy to use website consists of a number of pages describing: the project aims; background; methodology; the people involved; details of the pilot study at Winchelsea; and an impressive clickable map of England and Wales allowing the viewing of maps and a small amount of information on each of the study towns. Fuller reports on the findings of this project are not available here but will be disseminated via the website of the Archaeology Data Service in due course. Not all of the links work. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
Marbles Reunited is a British-based group co-ordinating the campaign activites of a number of individuals and groups who wish to see the repatriation of the Psrthenon sculptures, currently housed in the British Museum. It thus serves as an organising body for establised groups such as Parthenon 2004 and the British Committee for the Restitution of the Parthenon Marbles. This includes support for the proposal of the Greek government to reunite the sculptures with fragments still in Athens in a purpose-built musuem, on permanent loan. The website is distinctly forward looking; there is little exploration of how the sculptures got to the British museum, nor Greek and English responses through the nineteenth and twentieth century. What is clear is the organisation's disatisfaction with the current situation, where the sculptures are "displayed in a side hall and a couple of corridors of the British Museum." The website concentrates on future plans, detailing the Greek proposal and the new Akropolis museum, but also the advantages to the British Museum, "a 'win-win' situation" as the organisation terms it. In addition to contact details and resources for those interested in joining the campaign, there is a list of high-profile supporters and relevant links, an archive of press releases, and a page of responses to frequently asked questions. At the time of writing, a significant proportion of the site was still under construction. In addition to the text, there is an interactive guide that requires Macromedia Flash Player
The Maritime Heritage Program was established in 1987 as part of the National Park Service in America. The Program aims to maintain inventories of historic U.S. maritime properties, and provide preservation assistance through publications and consultation. The Maritime Heritage Program provides technical assistance in preservation planning for historic maritime properties and underwater archaeological resources. The site includes links to NPS Maritime Parks, Historic Ships to visit, lighthouses, lifesaving stations, and other related sites of interest.
This is the website of The Mausolea and Monuments Trust (MMT) a registered charity for the protection and preservation for the public of Mausolea and Sepulchral Monuments situated within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The website provides information about the trust, its history and its work. The website splits into several different areas. The history link provides information on mausolea under the Trusts care, and current appeals to raise funds to preserve other monuments. There is also information on current events, how to join the trust and an archive of newsletter articles on mausolea. An illustrated gazetteer of mausolea is planned for the future. The link page provided is especially useful providing lists of websites on architectural heritage, cemetery friends, funerary architecture and customs and individual mausolea.
The Archaeological Object Name Thesaurus Working Group was established in 1995 following an mda workshop on archaeological terminology. The Group developed a thesaurus of object names for archaeological collections, based on the Object Hierarchy developed by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (RCHME) and terms submitted by Group members from their own collections databases. This site is the online version of the current thesaurus. It can be accessed via a class list or an alphabetic list.
The Medieval Wall Painting in the English Parish Church website provides an online catalogue of churches in England that are decorated with medieval wall paintings, dating from the twelfth to the fifteenth century. The catalogue can be browsed by geographical location using a county map of England, or by subject via a page of thumbnail images. Photographs of all the paintings are provided. The images are accompanied by useful descriptions and notes on their importance and context. The paintings have been separated into categories which include, among others: pre-1200 paintings; Genesis scenes and the Tree of Jesse; the early life of Christ; the Virgin; the Saints; the Doom and the weighing of souls; the Passion cycle; and devotional scenes. In addition to the main catalogue there is also: a general introduction to medieval wall paintings; a bibliography; and a selection of pertinent links. This website would be invaluable to anyone studying medieval art and religious iconography, although it should be noted that this is an ongoing project and coverage is not complete.
Mediterraneum is a print journal concerned with the protection of cultural and environmental heritage, and in particular to consider the issues relating to the survival of historical memory when cultural artefacts are destroyed (whether in war or natural disasters). The website provides information, in Italian and English, about the remit of the journal and tables of contents for published issues.
MIDAS Heritage is the official UK data standard for information about the historic environment, which has been developed for and on behalf of the Forum on Information Standards in Heritage (FISH). It states what information should be recorded to support effective sharing and long-term preservation of the knowledge of the historic environment, making it possible to understand what work has been done, how decisions were taken and where to find further information. This website publishes some background data on the standard and a PDF copy of the standard itself. The PDF copy will be updated as necessary and therefore the copy on the website will always be the latest. A separate mailing list is also available. People interested in standards in cultural heritage and those working in the UK heritage sector will find this website essential.
This digital archive, hosted by the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), details the excavations undertaken by the Museum of London Archaeology Service (MoLAS) in 1996 on the site of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London. It is part of the 'Digital Archiving Pilot Project: Excavation Records' (DAPPER) project funded by English Heritage.Since the discovery of the Middle-Saxon trading port of 'Lundenwic' in London's West End during the 1980s, over 70 excavations have been undertaken - half of which have yielded evidence for the 7th to 9th Century settlement. However, many of these investigations were small-scale, and helped little in establishing a street-plan and layout for the port. The large-scale excavations at the Royal Opera House in 1996 provided an excellent opportunity to address this problem.The excavation's findings suggested the settlement reached a peak in the reign of Offa of Mercia (757-796 AD). The remains of 63 rectangular timber buildings were uncovered, along with evidence for a variety of of crafts and industries, including metalworking and weaving.The digital archive available via these webpages contains a substantial dataset for Middle Saxon urban stratified sequence of buildings, roads, yards and open areas. MoLAS utilised a hierarchical post-excavation system that divided the basic field contexts into groups and sub-groups. An explanation of this method is available in HTML, .doc and plain text formats. The groups themselves are available in ESRI shape file format, suitable for ArcView GIS. Comma-delimited files, for use within a relational database, detailing finds and context information are also available. The digital archive comprises files in the following formats: MS Word; MS Excel; Autocad R14; DXF; ArcView SHP; plain text; delimited text; dBase; Surfer; TIFF; WMF. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
This is the website of the Monuments at Risk Survey (MARS) that was initiated in 1994 to assess changing state of England's archaeological resource. Its main purposes were to systematically quantify the resource and to set standards for the monitoring of future change. Results were published in the form of a Main Report and Summary Report in 1998. This website provides access to the 'Martian Chronicles', the MARS bulletins that were published between June 1994 and November 1995.
The National Board of Antiquities is attached to the Finnish Ministry of Education, and preserves Finland's material cultural heritage by collecting, studying and distributing knowledge of it. The Board is primarily a cultural and research institution, but it is also a government authority charged with the protection of archaeological sites, built heritage, cultural-historically valuable environments and cultural property, in collaboration with other officials and museums. The Board offers a wide and diverse range of services, a professional staff of specialists, the exhibitions and collections of its several museums, extensive archives, and a specialised scientific library, all of which are at the disposal of the general public. Many of these services are available on the Board's website, which also provides a good introduction and overview to archaeology and cultural heritage management in Finland.
The Museum of London Archaeological Archive contains the records and finds for over 3000 archaeological excavations and interventions carried out in the Greater London area. These date from the beginning of the century up to 1991 and were carried out by a number of organisations including, primarily, the archaeological departments of the Museum of London and its predecessors. An active programme is currently underway to arrange the deposition of over 1400 archives for sites examined since 1991 which are currently in the care of over 25 archaeological organisations. The Archive itself contains over 150,000 registered finds, 120,000 boxes of general finds (pottery, bone, etc.), 75 tonnes of architectural stone work, 4000 environmental samples, ca. 300m of paper records. 60 chests of plans and sections, a large photographic archive and comprehensive, if diverse, computer records. The primary means of access into these archives and their sub-categories is by means of the site address and, in particular, the site code. The online version of the Museum of London Archaeological Archive presents a subset of the data held locally by the Museum of London. Results from ArchSearch, the ADS online catalogue, can be followed up using the contact details displayed during a search. The resource is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource.
The Web Site of the Muzeum pierwszych Piastów na Lednicy (The museum of the first Piasts in Lednica) provides information about the museum, its location, holdings, and contact details. The museum is devoted to the era in Polish history that saw the rule of the Piast dynasty, and the findings from this era on the island of Ostrów Lednicki, which include a palatial-sacral architectural complex with baptismal fonts and a church with graves from the period of Mieszko (around 966). The museum displays exhibits from the residences of Mieszko and Bolesław Chrobry. There is also brief information on other parts of the museum, such as a skansen, archaeological reserve, and an ethnographical park. The site features a short history of the museum, its collections, publications, and events. A good basic site for those interested in the history and archaeology of Wielkopolska and Poland.
Since its establishment in 1979, the National Association of Mining History Organisations has supported the study of mining history and archaeology in the United Kingdom and Ireland from the prehistoric period to the present. This valuable website provides practical guidelines and research advice to individuals and groups wishing to study the history of mining and to explore the sites of former mining activity. It aims to connect the many local and national groups interested in mining remains, from industrial archaeology enthusiasts to cavers to academic and commercial bodies, and provides a full list (with weblinks) of its members. The Association's newsletter is provided online from 2001 and there are details of an email discussion group to which interested parties can subscribe. The guidelines, which can be downloaded as PDF files, include detailed essays on recording the underground archaeology of mines and on removing artefacts as well as advice on library and archive research. Also provided is information on practical matters such as insurance and how to establish and maintain good relations with landowners and custodians of mining sites as well as an extensive series of weblinks to societies and institutions from all over the world. The links section lists the mining history associations and organisation in the UK. This resource will benefit a wide constituency, from the interested amateur to academics studying the history and archaeology of extractive industries.
This is the website of the National Churches Trust (previously the Historic Churches Preservation Trust and the Incorporated Church Building Society), an independent charitable enterprise founded in 1953. Its purpose is to raise funds, provide practical assistance and help finance structural repairs to churches, chapels and other places of worship, in England and Wales, that are over one hundred years old. Twenty-seven million pounds in grants have been allocated to date. The Gallery provides pictures and information about nearly 150 projects. Further pages outline the research and future strategy of the Trust; provide case studies and a news section with job advertisements. The Trust produces an annual report which can be downloaded in PDF format.
The National Heritage Memorial Fund (NHMF) uses money from the National Lottery to provide grants to support projects involving the local, regional and national heritage of the United Kingdom. This is their official website, which provides news and information about the organisation, what they can fund and how to make an application to the fund. A searchable database contains all projects funded by the National Heritage Memorial Fund and the Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF).
Established as a National Museum in 1986, National Museums Liverpool is one of 12 national museums in England and Wales. This digital archive, hosted by the Archaeology Data Service, presents several of the Museum's excavation archives in a form suitable for download. Currently available are the archives from six sites around Merseyside: Bromborough Court House; Brookhill; Ince Blundell; Old Hutt; Pinfold Lane; and Speke Hall.The featured sites range in function and period. Bromborough Court House, excavated in 1979, is a large, moated, rectilinear site upon which a 13th century monastic court and grange existed. Brookhill and Pinfold Lane (both contained within the Buckley Archive) are both post-medieval pottery manufacturing sites, while Ince Blundell also revealed post-medieval occupation. Old Hutt, excavated in 1960, is another medieval moated site, with evidence suggesting occupation in the 14th and 17th centuries. Finally, the excavations at Speke Hall, a 16th Century manor house, recovered much evidence regarding life in that period, although literary sources suggest settlement there as early as the 14th century.The digital archives consist mostly of text-based HTML documents and comma-delimited data files, suitable for importing into databases.
Common Ground is a journal published by the US National Park Service Archaeology Program until 2001. This website cvontains an archive of issues from 1994-2001, including many articles relevant to the archaeology of northern America, and some articles on general issues. The journal was relaunched with a new, wider focus in 2003, which may be found elsewhere. but the archived issues here are freely accessible and may be useful to both researchers and students.
The National Trust Sites and Monuments Record (NTSMR) contains information on the archaeology and historic landscapes within National Trust land. The resource has a wide scope of inclusion covering monuments from the Prehistoric to the present day in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The database itself provides an index to the associated NTSMR archive which is a substantial resource containing plans of monuments (both paper and digital formats), historic maps, c.20,000 slides and photos, historic landscape reports and specialist reports (e.g. excavation, measured surveys, finds reports). The information held by the ADS is a slimmed down version of some of the key fields within the National Trust SMR database but can be used as starting point to access to the NTSMR archive. A comprehensive overview of the NTSMR is provided on the ADS website together with guidance for its use. The resource can be accessed through the 'search by resource' option in the ADS Catalogue and users are required to agree to the ADS terms and conditions. This resource is also covered by National Trust copyright and users are advised to read the resource overview provided on the ADS website.
This is the interesting and colourful website of the Natuurhistorisch Museum Maastricht, one of the largest natural history museums in the Netherlands. The website won "Best Innovative or Experimental Application" in the Museums and the Web 2002 : best of the Web awards (judged by a panel of museum professionals to recognize excellence in heritage website design). The numerous and stunning animations (requiring Flash) provide a context for the museum's collection relating to the geology, palaeontology, flora and fauna of southern Limburg and environs.
This is the website of "The Nevis Heritage Project", which outlines the project and publishes the final (illustrated and referenced) reports in PDF format. In 1995 the St Kitts-Nevis government proposed to extend the island's airport, posing a threat to several significant buildings in the vicinity, most notably Redoubt, an English colonial fortification. In response, the University of Southampton's Department of Archaeology organised a team of researchers to undertake a structural survey and archaeological excavation of the building in response. However, the Redoubt threat presented an opportunity for a broader ranging investigation of the island's history and prehistory: the Nevis Heritage Project. The project undertakings detailed on the page range from research into prehistoric settlement and social organisation to investigations into the colonial fortifications and landscapes.
New Zealand Archaeology is the home page of the New Zealand Archaeological Association (NZAA). The society's objectives are to promote and foster research into the archaeology of New Zealand. They lobby the government for greater protection of the country's cultural heritage, run a national site-recording scheme, and generally act as a voice for archaeologists. The Association is open to anyone interested in archaeology in and around New Zealand. The Association also publish a quarterly journal, 'Archaeology in New Zealand', but this is not available online.The website is extensive, if a little cluttered. It acts as a news service, directory of archaeologists, bibliography, and index of links. The website explains how to use and contribute to the national archaeological site-recording scheme. There are professional resources (such as texts of Government legislation), and also details of some teaching resources, aimed mostly at teachers of secondary school children studying Maori culture and history. The website also offers a service for uniting archaeologists organising digs with students looking for such experience. Students can advertise their services and experience in the site's directory.
This digital archive, hosted by the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), contains many of the excavation archives salvaged from the now defunct Newham Museum Service Archaeology Centre. Holding material relating to over 180 sites, the archive contains site reports, desktop assessments, specialist reports (including finds and environmental), project designs, finds lists and various survey reports.Due to it size, the archive has been organised into six London boroughs in which sites have been excavated: Barking and Dagenham, Hackney, Merton and Thurrock, Newham, Redbridge, and Waltham Forest. For each borough, a list of the associated sites and the various reports and information available is given. In addition, a list of sites whose information is currently available online is provided. This list presently numbers 17 entries. Much site information is presented via linked webpages, but for more substantial archives the various data and reports can be downloaded. Text-based documents are available in Microsoft Word 6.0 .doc and HTML formats, while tabulated data are provided as comma-delimited files suitable for importing into databases. DAT and GIF files are also present containing borehole data and geological images. The available files are in a variety of formats, including MS Word 2; MS Word 6; Windows Write; WordPerfect; WordStar; Latex; RTF; Plain text; Paradox; dBase; MS Access; Quattro Pro for DOS; Superclac 5; Supercalc 9; Lotus 123; MS Excel 4; MS Excel 5; Minitab; TurboCAD; DXF; Mapviewer; Surfer; BMP; PCX. Special software may be required to access some formats.
This is the website of the Association of Friends of the Newport Ship a not-for-profit organisation. This group were formed in 2002 to disseminate knowledge and information about "the Newport Mediaeval Ship" and to foster understanding and appreciation of Newport's maritime and industrial heritage. The "Ship" is the almost intact hull of a mediaeval ship, discovered on a construction site by the river Usk, South Wales. The site is under threat from development of the construction site and lack of funds/commitment to preserve the remains. This is a fascinating online resource, explaining the background of fifteenth century trade between Wales and Europev (specifically England, Spain and Portugal) in the context of what is acclaimed as an archaeological discovery of international significance - being the only extant example of a merchantman of this period from northern Europe. The excavation work was carried out by Gwent Archaeological Trust. There is a link to information about a course at the University of Wales College, Newport for anyone interested in learning more about the unique vessel, and links to websites about Newport's history.
The Northern Ireland Environment Agency website provides information about heritage sites and historic monuments in Northern Ireland. Of interest to the Arts and Humanities students is the section "Built Environment", which features information on building preservation and conservation and provides links to the following sections: Listed Buildings; Buildings at risk; Monuments and Buildings Records; State care monuments; Scheduled Monuments; Maritime Heritage; Defence Heritage; Archaeology. Also here information about events, grants, legislation and Strategic Environment Assessment (SEA) can be found. The site provides information on the listing and grading of buildings, links to relevant organisations and collections pertaining to the area and its historic buildings and information about legislation. On the main page, among the quicklinks, the "Places to Visit" section is probably also of interest as it has information about a variety of buildings and monuments such as Navan Fort, Tully Castle, Carrickfergus Castle, and Grey Abbey among others. Each place can be accessed by clicking on its name on the interactive map.
The Northern Ireland Sites & Monuments Record, maintained by the Environment and Heritage Service: Built Heritage and covering the six counties of Northern Ireland, currently holds information on approximately 15,000 sites from all periods of history. The information is complied from a range of sources including the Ordnance Survey 6" map series and the contemporary, detailed OS Memoirs, compiled by the Ordnance Surveyors (ca. 1832 onwards), antiquarian and historical sources, EHS own field survey programme, excavations and local knowledge. The information supplied to the ADS Archsearch is a subset derived from the SMR, downloaded on 9th June 1999, and consists of a number of key fields, details of which can be found on the ADS website. This dataset is accessible through the ADS ArchSearch database by selecting the 'search by resource' option from the catalogue menu. Users are asked to agree to the ADS terms and conditions of use prior to accessing the dataset and should also be aware that the dataset is subject to Northern Ireland SMR copyright and limitations. Further details on the dataset and its usage can be found on the ADS website.
This is the website of the Northern Mine Research Society (NMRS), founded in 1960 with the aim of preserving and recording mining history. The Society promotes the study of mining throughout the UK; the 'Northern' in its title refers to its administrative base in Yorkshire, rather than the scope of its interests. The website is easy to explore as there are three drop-down menus: Contents; Society Records; and Online Resources. Contents has sections on the society, its history and scope, events, contacts and membership information. The Society Records contains sections on the collection of primary sources gathered by the society since 1960 and on the databases related to mines, personalities, companies and so on. The website offers only general information about these resources and information where to find them; they are grouped according to region. The Online Resources covers the publications of the NMRS (listed by author and by date) and also indices about various mines (ironstone, coal) and mining companies in Britain. Here also one can consult the index of the 1778 Mineralogia Cornubiensis.
This website presents information and images about Northumberland's ancient carved panels, dating from between 6,000 and 3,500 years ago. The data can be browsed by parish, map, panel type, current location, nature of access, wheelchair access, image type, or panel art motif. The panels can also be searched by various criteria. Brief details about the location, archaeology, environment and management of each panel is recorded, along with images and further notes and art descriptions, many made by Stan Beckensall. An interactive area on the site includes video and audio clips, learning materials, a 360 degree virtual tour and some general tips about visiting rock art. FAQs and links to relevant Web resources complete the site. This website is the result of a project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
This is the website of the Archaeological Resource Centre of Novgorod State Museum. It presents news and information about archaeological discoveries in the city of Novgorod and locations nearby. Excavation reports may be accessed via a map of Novgorod or by a list of texts. Alternatively, users may browse an index of images of important artefacts recently uncovered. Information about the organisation is provided, as are links to other useful web resources. Although the site is available in both Russian and English, some of the reports it contains are in one language only, and users may need to install Russian fonts to read some of the pages. This website is supported by the Open Society Institute (Soros Foundation).
The OASIS programme was initiated in order to address the problem of access to archaeological fieldwork reports. As most fieldwork in England is carried out by commercial bodies and not the university community, it can prove difficult for the latter to keep up to date with developments. OASIS provides a simple means of cataloguing such fieldwork so that it may be searched via ArchSearch.The website describes the OASIS project and provides access to the online form for researchers, as well as instructions as to how to complete the various fields. There is also a FAQ page for those with further inquiries.OASIS received funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP).
The Ocean Villas project website reports on efforts to interpret the archaeology of the First World War at Auchonvillers, France. The Ocean Villas Project has been running since 1997. The project is looking at behind the front lines activity at Auchonvillers, on the Somme, and is excavating and (re)constructing communication trenches and dugouts in the village. The study included here concentrates on the way that Auchonvillers was integrated into the complex system that was the Western Front, the facilities and fortifications that were constructed in the village and what now remains of them. The project team is led by Andrew Robertshaw of the National Army Museum, London, archaeological direction is by Jon Price of the Time Travellers (creators of live interpretive performance for museums and education), and historical research is by Alastair Fraser. This website uses frames to create a clean and clear view of the historical texts - all of which are under construction, and the brief reports and small photographs of the excavations since 1997.
The website of the Florida-based underwater archaeology commercial company "Odyssey Marine Exploration, Inc." provides information on the salvage of a variety of historic shipwreck sites such as the "Black Swan"; Firefly; "Concepcion"; the "Seattle"; the "Blue China"; SS Republic (1860s) and the HMS Sussex (1694). To access most articles it is necessary to register; registration is free and also allows to receive email updates. Each article contains a short description of the project; some pictures; and often a few video clips. There is also a section on the activities of the company, from shipwreck research and salvage to the sale of some artefacts and the risks involved in the activity. A few articles also describe the ROVs (remote operated vehicles) owned by the company.
The company operates legally according to American laws and makes most of its profits from the sale of artefacts found on ships. The sale of such artefacts is limited to those "that are not considered culturally significant". The sale of artefacts is not allowed in many countries regardless of the cultural significance of the artefacts and it is a key ethical problem for archaeologists. Students in archaeology approaching the debate on the ethics of the sale of artefacts will find this website very useful to learn about the activities made possible by current laws and make up their own mind on the ethical issues related to this subject. All readers should not forget that differing legislation in most countries will often determine the legality of such activities. The section "merchandise", the online shop of the company, can also be useful to see what is being sold and therefore would be not "culturally significant" according to the company. The company's definition of "culturally significant" is unclear and accessing the shop is the only way to understand its exact meaning; coins and glass bottles are the archaeological artefacts most frequently traded. The purchase of anything from the shop remains a personal choice. The company is open in recognising that some of its activities are appealing to broad audiences because recalling "treasure hunting" as portrayed in many literary works, but it states that it is committed to guarantee "high archaeological standards" in all its salvage operations. The company is also involved in the production of TV programmes based on its activities, and therefore it will affect the public perception of such activities. This website is an important reading for any balanced debate on modern "treasure hunting"; the commercial exploitation of archaeology; and issues of public perception of archaeology for all students as well as professional and academic archaeologists.
The website of Durham University's Oriental Museum provides access information and details of the museum's holdings. The museum holds collections from ancient Egypt through to twentieth-century China. The website includes pages on Egypt, the Near East, South Asia, Korea and Southeast Asia, Tibet, China, and Japan. Most of these pages simply give brief details of the scope and format of the holdings, although the website does also include special online exhibitions. There is a 'virtual tour' of some of the Chinese artefacts, each of which is illustrated by a large photographic image and accompanying explanatory text. There is also a small picture gallery of twentieth-century Chinese paintings and drawings. A 'news' section describes current and forthcoming special exhibitions as well as talks, crafts activities, and story-telling performances at the museum. Details of the museum's location, opening hours, and group access restrictions are also provided.
The Origins of Angkor Archaeological Project is a multi-disciplinary research project being undertaken by the University of Otago Department of Anthropology and the Fine Arts Department of Thailand. The aim of the project is to assess the seminal aspects of the social, cultural and technological development in the Mun River valley of Northeast Thailand. Four sites have been excavated, a Bronze Age site Ban Lum Khao, and three Iron Age sites, Non Muang Kao, Noen U-Loke and Prasat Phimai. In addition, recent excavations at Phum Snay and Baksei Chamkrong have begun to shed light on the previously poorly understood prehistory of northern Cambodia. This work has been completed with the assistance of Earthwatch and their volunteers. In the 2002 field season, The Origins of Angkor Project began investigations at a new site in Northeast Thailand, Ban Non Wat. The website of the project provides information on each of the sites excavated, with a virtual excavation of Non Muang Kao where complete site notes and digitised plans are available. In addition there is a long list of references for archaeology in the area, a list of abstracts and titles for current research being carried out by participants, a list of radiocarbon dates obtained for the sites and a slide show of artefacts found (some of these images are quite slow to download).
This is the official website of the "Osservatorio permanente per la protezione dei beni culturali ed ambientali in area di crisi", an international organisation based in Italy that aims at promoting the preservation of cultural heritage in areas of political instability or armed conflict that is part of the Istituto per lo Sviluppo, la Formazione e la Ricerca nel Mediterraneo (ISFORM), an independent research institute at the University of Naples, Italy. The organisation has actively monitored and reported on the cultural heritage of Sarajevo; Bosnia; Albania; stolen portable antiquities of Italy; Kosovo; Palestine; Iraq; and Peru. Researchers may ask to access data (photographs; videos; documents; database) about the past and current projects of the organisation.
The Palmerston Forts Society is devoted to the fortifications of the Victorian period. Their website gives full information about the society as well as membership details. The society publishes a tri-annual journal 'REDAN' the contents of which is published on the site, with the full-texts of some articles also available online. There is a bibliography of booklets published by the society, which includes abstracts in some cases. The society has produced over 130 'fortlogs' on Victorian fortifications in the UK, many of which are available online or may be freely downloaded in PDF format. A tour of Fort Nelson, Portsmouth, is presented as a set of notes and photographs explaining the design and workings of the fort. A picture gallery includes photographs of a number of Victorian forts. A further section of the site includes maps and plans of fortified coastal regions.This is a well-maintained website run by dedicated enthusiasts. It should prove useful to anyone interested in Victorian military history.
Parks & Gardens UK is a Web resource that is managed by the Parks and Gardens Data Services, a charity that was set up through a partnership between the Association of Gardens Trusts and the University of York. The website contains outline information on places where historic parks or gardens exist, the local authority under whose jurisdiction they lie, persons associated, and contact names and addresses of bodies that may provide further information. The catalogue can be browsed by name or associated people and organisation; it is also possible to access records via a map or use an advanced search form. Each record provides a set of locational information accompanied by a brief description, while a 'Designations' section details any conservation/scheduling or official monuments register information. Some records are accompanied by short illustrated essays with bibliographies and biographies. Attention is drawn to particular landscape features and any buildings associated with the garden are noted. Listed buildings are highlighted where applicable. There are links to other useful resources for landscape and garden history. Access to the website is free.
This special website from the Guardian newspaper collates reports and commentary covering the debate over the Parthenon Marbles, which are currently housed in the British Museum. There are direct links to the latest stories and access to older articles in the Guardian's archive (going back to May 1999). The interactive guide to the history of the sculptures gives a brief account of the background; a link to a more complete history leads to a website from the Hellenic Electronic Center. In addition, there are reports relating to British and Greek perspectives, as well as those relating to the British government and the British museum. All reports and commentaries come from the Guardian or Observer. This site is a useful place to explore the differing perspectives on whether the marbles should be returned to Greece.
The Past perfect website, funded by the New Opportunities Fund and run jointly by Durham and Northumberland County Councils, uses the latest in virtual reality interactive technology to bring the archaeology and history of the two counties alive. The website is split into 7 case studies from Northumberland and Durham spanning from a prehistoric burial to twentieth century mine. Within each case study a series of virtual reality scenarios are presented along with audio and video clips, and a more detailed archive including excavation and specialist reports available online and to download as PDF files. There is also a useful archaeological glossary and a section introducing archaeology. The site runs slowly, and may cause problems for those with slower or older browsers, although there are extensive help pages.
Pastmap is an online map-enabled-query system for Scottish National Archaeological and Architectural datasets. It includes national and local datasets produced by Historic Scotland, RCAHMS, ARIA and Scottish National Heritage. From the home page the user can access information about listed buildings, scheduled ancient monuments, archaeology and the law as well as providing the user with a list of useful contact details from across Scottish Archaeology. Once a user has registered though they can then gain access simultaneously to all five datasets through a GIS interface. The datasets that have been included in this site are: the Listed Buildings of Scotland, the Scheduled Ancient Monuments of Scotland, the Scottish Sites and Monuments Records, the National Monuments Record of Scotland and the Historic Gardens and Designed Landscapes. The GIS interface is well laid out and comes complete with a range of tools that allow for easy navigation around the map. Once an area or site has been selected Pastmap will automatically produce a report containing all the information it has about that area. As such it will be of use to anyone working in the higher education sector as well as for teaching or research about Scotland's heritage.
PastScape has been designed as a user-friendly online interface into the National Monument Record database for England. The database contains some 400,000 records on the archaeology and buildings of England. The website offers two interfaces for searching the database. The first is text-based and functions without the help of plug-ins. The second 'fun' interface uses Flash images to interactively build a where, what, when search. Once a search has been carried out, the full record for a site can be viewed. This includes a detailed and quite specialist text description, images where available and a selection of links to mapping, aerial photography, sources and investigation history. The website is a good attempt to make an extensive Sites and Monuments style dataset accessible to non-specialists. The image based search interface would be suitable for children and general audience, though the text associated with the full record would perhaps not be easily understood by all. The searching process tends to spawn a lot of browser windows without warning.
The Penrhos Trust website provides information on the Penrhos Trust which aims to rescue historic farm buildings that are in danger of becoming lost and reviving them with ecological and organic food businesses. The website provides information about the history of the trust, the first building they restored (Penrhos farm buildings), objectives of the trust and membership and donations. The links page provides links to ethical and environmental related websites including food companies, university archaeology departments and government organisations. There is also a news page, and suggestions for possible new uses for old farm buildings. In the previous events section transcripts of "Heart-to- heart" (in html and some in PDF formats) meetings, held annually to discuss food and the environment , are available.
The website for the People, landscape and cultural environment of Yorkshire (PLACE) project provides information about the research project which aims to promote archaeological, historical and ecological investigation into the interaction between people and the landscape in the Yorkshire Dales. As well as notes on current research projects, the website offers a programme of events and courses, many of which are open to the general public, and a newsletter (published in PDF format). Publications available through the project centre cover a broad range of topics with a focus on Yorkshire, including archaeology, heritage, the natural and cultural environment, and landscape studies. The project centre is based at York St John University, York.
The website "Pevsner Architectural Guides" contains the series with the same title, founded by the architectural historian Sir Nikolaus Pevsner (1902-1983), which is an indispensable resource for students and enthusiasts of the architecture and building history of the British Isles. The volumes are now in the process of revision and augmentation more than 50 years after the first one appeared in 1951. This official website of the Pevsner series was launched in 1998 by the Buildings Books Trust in collaboration with Yale University Press. It provides valuable information on the progress of new editions of existing volumes and of the new series of city architectural guides, while also offering a series of fascinating short accounts of the history of the series and the social and intellectual background of its creator, by a variety of leading art and architectural historians. There is also a page of judiciously chosen websites providing a wide conspectus of online resources for the architectural and social history of the United Kingdom. This site will benefit professional historians, archaeologists, and architects, as well as interested students and laypersons.
A valuable series of 10 fact sheets produced by the Council for British Archaeology (CBA) to encourage local groups and individuals to become informed about and involved in planning decisions which affect the historic environment in England. Based in part on a larger CBA project funded by English Heritage to promote 'stakeholder' involvement in heritage matters, the fact sheets guide the reader through a broad spectrum of issues ranging from basic definitions of the scope, nature and importance of planning procedures to heritage management (including a review of the main international protocols and treaties relating to heritage management subscribed to by the United Kingdom government) to the practical workings of development planning on a national, regional and local scale and how planning strategies will impact on the historic environment. The fact sheets also provide useful information on how interested individuals and associations can get involved in planning decisions at a variety of levels (including at the stage of policy formulation) by providing guidelines to the types of heritage policies would be reasonably expected to be included in heritage protection plans. This resource is a very lucid and intelligently written introduction to the subject of planning the historic environment, and, while aimed in particular at the general public and the non-professional, there is much here to benefit students and researchers interested in public archaeology and heritage management.
This website presents information and photographs relating to archaeological surveys undertaken in the forum at Pompeii, which was destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79. The Pompeii Forum Project is a collaborative venture sponsored by the National [USA] Endowment for the Humanities and the University of Virginia (amongst others). A large archive of black and white images of the buildings found there is online here, along with detailed reports on the technology and instruments used to undertake the surveys. Further reports give details of a project which uses the principles of structural engineering to investigate the reconstruction of Pompeii after an earthquake there in AD 62 (seventeen years before the eruption of Vesuvius). The focus is on the urban centre of the Roman city of Pompeii, and its urban history through to modern times. There are also links to further resources on Pompeii for use by teachers and students, and a list of lectures and publications relating to the project.
This website is a "virtual guidebook" to Poverty Point, an impressive complex of mounds and enclosure earthworks on the banks of the Mississippi River in north-eastern Louisiana dating from the middle of the second millennium BC and one of only three UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the region. The site, which is among the largest and oldest set of earthworks in the western hemisphere, has given its name to the prehistoric culture which flourished in the Lower Mississippi between circa 1730 and 1350 BC and which, in its day, was the most sophisticated and socially complex culture in North America. Poverty Point was at the centre of a highly organised trade network which extended some 1400 miles from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes. While many features of the material culture and earthwork building tradition can be traced back the preceding 3rd millennium, many aspects of the site and its culture remain unexplained, especially the function of the earthwork complexes themselves. The resource, an online version of a guidebook published by the Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism, Division of Archaeology, provides a succinct illustrated introduction to the site and its material culture in addition to useful background information on the period in general and a bibliography for further research and study for students of North American prehistory or comparative World archaeology. The parent site provides additional resources on education and information on issues relating to heritage management and the law and will interest heritage professionals.
This website accompanies a television documentary produced by Louisiana Public Broadcasting. "Poverty Point Earthworks: Evolutionary Milestones of the Americas" examines the site now called Poverty Point State Historic Site in north-eastern Louisiana. The archaeological artefacts discovered at Poverty Point provide evidence of a highly developed ancient American culture that inhabited the lower Mississippi delta between 1750 and 1350 BC. This site includes one of the largest native constructions in eastern North America and the earthworks are the oldest of their size in the Western Hemisphere. The website includes brief information about the television documentary, a reconstructed plan of the earthworks, a transcript of the program, video clips of the geographic location, site structure, mound structure and artefacts (these clips require RealPlayer 7 Basic to play correctly), a list of related websites and credits.
This is the website of the Public Monuments and Sculpture Association (PMSA), a registered charity, which has been working since 1991 to raise awareness among the public and the authorities of the rich heritage of monumental art of Britain from all periods by encouraging cooperation among concerned individuals and supporting conservation and education projects. The society founded the National Recording Project (NRP) to catalogue every piece of public sculpture in the British Isles, including architectural decoration, and to create both a permanant digital archive and a series of regional monographs (the Public Sculpture of Britain series published by Liverpool University Press). The online database contains thousands of entries (many with photographs) of notable public sculpture arranged by region with a user friendly selection of images on the main PMSA page. The resource includes a selection of the various projects supported by the society (including the production of a handbook for the use individuals and groups responsible for the preservation not just of sculptures but archives and studio remains of artists). The Save our Sculpture initiative uses a series of regional cases studies to highlight the constant threat to the sculptural heritage of towns and cities around Britain and encourages local individuals and groups to get involved in the conservation movement. The website also provides membership details and information about society events. There are also links to the websites of other public art organisations. This resource will benefit art and architectural historians as well as archaeologists and social historians interested in the relationship between monuments and public memory. Images from the resource are additionally deposited with the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS).
A guide to Queen Anne's Revenge, the flagship of Bluebeard the pirate which sank in Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina in 1718. The resource provides a fascinating illustrated account of the wreck and its thousands of recovered artefacts together with much valuable background material from British and French sources on the politics and economics of slaving and piracy in North America in the early 18th century. The ship had in fact been captured from the French a year before its demise and renamed in honour of the reigning English Queen by pirates who proved themselves as much as a nuisance to the English settlers of Charlston and the coast of New England as they did to the French. The wreck has been investigated since 1997 under the auspices of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources in collaboration with public, private and academic researchers. The account of the work highlights the problems of underwater excavation but also the wider legal and heritage issues raised by underwater archaeology so will also interest heritage professionals. The website provides preliminary excavation and conservation reports of the work from 1997 onwards, some geological background, in addition to bibliographies and research articles (in PDF format, in the "Researcher Corner") on various aspects of the shipwreck.
This is the official website of "The Convention on Wetlands", signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971, an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. Although the organisation is principally concerned with ecology and biodiversity there are articles related to the heritage of and archaeology in wetland environments. These articles are most easily accessed via the site search facility using "archaeology", "archaeological" and language variants of these words as search terms (the website is built in English but many articles are also available in French and Spanish) although they can be found from hierarchical menus. Most of the documents to be found are about heritage management in wetland sites and may be in either HTML, PDF or, occasionally, MS Word format.
RESCUE acts to promote the interests of archaeology in Britain, and seeks to maintain the position of archaeology as a vital part of Britain's cultural life. It is an independent charitable organisation with no ties to government or to any other public body. This website presents information on joining RESCUE along with a membership application form that may be printed and filled out. Contents of Rescue News (the Trust's newsletter) are being published online; the most recent issues are available. There is a list of publications with information on ordering copies and A New Manifesto for British Archaeology compiled by RESCUE. This resource may interest primarily British professional archaeologists.
The Researching Historic Buildings in the British Isles website (formerly called Sources for Building History) provides an introduction to information sources, both print and online, for research into architectural history. The site explains the methods and potential pitfalls of building history research, and suggests useful starting points for researchers. It covers many building types, including small-scale and grand houses, castles, business buildings, public buildings and buildings of charitable purpose. One area considers how to research ecclesiastical buildings. Each section is subdivided until the user reaches the annotated bibliographies and research methods particularly relevant to the desired type of structure. Other information available covers manors, villages and towns, with details of sources for estate and manorial records. There is advice on visiting national and local archives, details of key reference tools, plus sections on images, maps and gazetteers, and a brief history of architectural styles, from vernacular to Edwardian. There is also a search engine for finding resources mentioned in the site. The website's author, Jean Manco, is a consultant on the history of buildings and sites in the UK, and the site includes an essay by her on Web-guided research in building history. This is a very well-presented introduction to the subject of building history research, which will prove useful to anyone new to the discipline.
This is the website of the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS), which surveys and records the built heritage of Scotland and makes this information available to the public through the Collections of the National Monuments Record of Scotland (NMRS). The site provides information relating to recent or forthcoming research, exhibitions, or other projects connected with the historic sites and buildings of Scotland. The NMRS, named 'Canmore' contains bibliographic details of images and manuscripts relating to each of the sites on the National Record. The materials referred to are generally not available over the Internet, and must be viewed in person at the appropriate record offices. Registration is required in order to search the database. The format of the search output is: NMRS number; name of site; type of site; council covering the site; whether the site is scheduled or listed; and references to materials relating to the site. The search form for the database allows several search combinations, making it easy to quickly locate the appropriate references for whatever research is being conducted. The RCAHMS website also links to PASTMAP, an interactive site for displaying and searching data on Scotland's built environment, particularly legally protected places such as ancient monuments and listed buildings. The website also contains an online shop, news service, and a showcase that gives more information about recent publications. In addition, an educational service is provided, as are lists of links to other sites concerned with Scottish culture.
The aim of the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales (RCHMW) is to carry out accurate and scholarly surveys which are then made readily accessible to the public in the form of an archive and a national database and publications. In addition to this they also maintain an archive and two national databases which can be accessed via this website. The first of these is Coflein, this is the online database for the National Monuments Record of Wales (NMRW) as is now free to use without registration needed. Coflein has two interfaces, one being the standard text search and the other being a map interface.
The second database hosted on this site is CARN, the Core Archaeological Record Index which is an index to information held by archaeological organisations in Wales. At the moment CARN still requires registration but can be easily searched once this has been completed. Even though this site has two interfaces, one in Welsh the other in English, it is useful note that both databases are only available in English.
In addition to the databases the site also has sections containing the latest information, a diary of events as well as a list of books that might be of interest to academics as well as students of archaeology and the general public.
The “Rushen Abbey” website provides details about the history of the abbey and its modern day use as a heritage centre in Ballasalla on the Isle of Man. This online resource contains useful but brief information about the history of the abbey and previous excavations over the course of the last two centuries dating from 1913 to the twenty-first century. The resource focuses on the 2003 excavations and include newsletters from 2003, a brief dig-diary and an illustrated preliminary report. In addition, there are contact details and links to external websites concerned with the abbey.
The Saint Eustatius Center for Archaeological Research was established in order to preserve and promote the archaeology of Saint Eustatius. The Island, situated between Guadeloupe and St. Kitts and Nevis in the West Indies, was an important free trade port during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It played a significant role in supplying arms to the American revolutionaries and was sacked by the British in 1781 as a result. The small island has since been largely forgotten but harbours a high density of archaeological sites, both from the colonial period and the pre-colonial Saladoid Native Americans (until around 800 A.D.). Thus far, archaeological research has concentrated on colonial sites, such as the Pleasures Estate sugar plantations. The website provides a brief history of 'Statia' and explains the work being conducted by the centre. There are online reports and a bibliography as well as a list of known extant maps of the island. The site does not appear to be updated very regularly, as the news section of upcoming events was about two years out of date when last checked.
Akhethetep, a Fifth Dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh reigning sometime around the middle of the 3rd Millennium BC, was buried in a magnificent mastaba tomb in the necropolis in Saqqara, the royal burial ground of Memphis, the capital of the Old Kingdom. This equally magnificent interactive website provides a lavishly illustrated account of the tomb and attempts to 'restore' its mortuary chapel, which has been in the Louvre since 1903, to its original context by means of a virtual reality reconstruction. This combines the results of research by French Egyptologists from 1991 onwards on its architecture, layout and artistic decoration with modern virtual reality animations, using Flash and Quicktime. Although the chapel was removed from Saqqara by Maspero and Bénédite to protect it from looters, the work itself was never documented and many aspects of the original monument remain obscure. The resource provides an interactive guide to various aspects of the tomb layout within its historical and physical context, with maps of major Egyptian sites, plans of Saqqara and a highly visual chronological chart of ancient Egyptian chronology. Particular emphasis is placed on the carved reliefs of the mortuary chapel, which are interpreted in terms of their iconographic and artistic properties, and the underlying significance of the hierogylphs, key examples of which are translated into French. The resource also features reports of research and excavation at the mastaba itself and a host of other architectural, artefactual and scientific results. 'De Saqqara de Louvre' will interest students and researchers in Egyptian archaeology as well as the general public who can read French.
Sardegna3D is one of several websites published by the Sardinian regional authority (Regione Autonoma della Sardegna), making available an interactive map of Sardinia. The website allows downloading a free software component for Windows and contains a help guide; the rest of the website can be accessed only through the interface of the software once it has been installed. The interface of the software is tidy and easily understandable, it starts with a satellite view of Sardinia that can be zoomed and tilted. Under the menu "view", item "views" allows to activate several layers, each displaying geographical features or cultural heritage sites (largely archaeological sites). Zooming in on any area of Sardinia reveals the types of sites selected through the layers, each identified by a distinguishing icon and a name; aerial photographs replace satellite photographs at higher resolution and it is possible to select photographs taken in different years. Topographical maps of Sardinia can be accessed via the default browser by clicking on the 2d button. By clicking on any site, a relevant page will open in the default browser, usually with texts and images. The software has parts written in English that should help an English-speaking readership in using it, but the help guide is only available in Italian and all textual resources accessible through the interface are in Italian. However, the software is so intuitive that many features can be used without any particular training especially if familiar with other virtual globes. This project is part of the "Sistema Informativo Territoriale Regionale, Infrastruttura di Dati Territoriali della Regione Autonoma della Sardegna" (SITR-IDT RAS). This is an outstanding research tool for anybody interested in the territory or cultural heritage of Sardinia and makes learning more entertaining.
This is the website of SAVE, a registered charity dedicated to the conservation of endangered historic buildings in Britain such as country houses, redundant churches and chapels, disused mills and warehouses, blighted streets and neighbourhoods, cottages and town halls, railway stations, hospitals, military buildings and asylums. This resource will be invaluable for anyone trying to get together a campaign to preserve part of their local heritage, especially the SAVE Action Guide, available online. SAVE was formed in 1975 by a group of journalists, historians, architects, and planners. By paying a subscription fee, on this website you can search the register of old buildings identified by SAVE as Buildings at Risk (BaR). Without subscribing you may view online details of the current campaigns, recent successes, as well as some previous case histories - with a separate editorial about the organisation's activity since 1999. Publications can be ordered which relate to SAVE's work throughout England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. There is an annotated list of links to Web resources for relevant organisations. This is an excellent resource for local historians and those interested in building history and archaeology.
Saving Antiquities For Everyone (SAFE) is a non-profit organisation that provides news on the state of looting and illicit trade of antiquities worldwide. The organisation provides news alerts via a mailing list and its website. The organisation organises a series of events (principally conferences and fund-raising parties); it also accepts donations via its website. The website is very informative about the problem of looting and the legislation that individual countries are adopting to contrast this phenomenon. SAFE is also concerned about looting of antiquities in war-torn regions and has an active program aimed at educating people. Several news articles contain colour photographs of looted antiquities; past news articles are archived in a section of the same website. Some audio interviews (e.g. Roger Atwood on Stealing History; Patty Gerstenblith on Legal issues; and Donny George Youkhanna on Iraq) are available in MP4 format from the podcasts section. Safe offers internships and has open positions for volunteers. It is also possible to join the organisation and collaborate as members or participate at special events.
The Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports (SAIR) resource was created to address the gap between a growing demand in recent years for the publication of full archaeological reports and the increased pressure on available space and high costs involved in doing this. The first pilot publication, Dundrennan Abbey, received a favourable response on its release and, subsequently, eight other reports have been added to the site with many more forthcoming. The SAIR project is currently within a pilot / assessment stage though it is envisaged that it will become Historic Scotland's preferred means of publishing research papers and reports on archaeological fieldwork in Scotland. Access to SAIR, at least at this stage in the project, is free and all publications are available in Adobe PDF format. All reports and papers offered on the SAIR site are subject to review to the same standard of refereeing as the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. The website, in its current incarnation, is very simplistic and easy to use. Each report is listed on the home page and linked to a detailed overview of the report. Each report can either be downloaded in its entirety (a file size is given) or separate sections can be downloaded by themselves.
The Scottish Borders Heritage website combines historical and archaeological resources with visitor information to provide a comprehensive guide to the Borders area of southern Scotland. Information regarding individual Heritage Sites is categorised into five themes (Early Settlers, Border Warfare, Farm and Factory, Historic Townships, and Church History), which are in turn sub-divided between eleven geographical areas. In all, 119 Heritage Sites are documented, which can be browsed either by theme or by location. The website is associated with a series of books by John Dent and Rory McDonald (published between 1997 and 2001). Also available within the website is an image gallery that presents photos from the Borders region in association with the themes mentioned above. Links to other Scottish Heritage organisations are also available, while a News and Events section provides information and articles regarding Borders heritage issues and events.
The Ship Information Database is a heritage management resource providing information on historic ships either registered in Canadian ports or else known to have worked in Canadian waters in the course of their working lives. It is primarily intended to aid the identification and conservation of shipwreck sites but the editors envisage that it will also benefit a wider range of curators, historians and archivists. Originally devised by the Nova Scotia Museum, the project now encompasses the provinces of British Columbia and Ontario and the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston. Each ship is provided with a datasheet describing its origins, official details and physical appearance, together with references to archival and other sources in Canadian institutions. In addition to individual vessels, the database usefully permits you browse and fully search the information according to ship owners, builders and voyage histories, in effect documenting the full working history of any one ship where the details are available. This resource is available in English and French language versions.
SINE is a lottery-funded online database of searchable images featuring the architectural and structural heritage of Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Durham and Teesside in the North East of England, much of which has been threatened, significantly altered or destroyed as a result of economic developments in the past 30 years. The site was a project of the University of Newcastle on Tyne. The photographs are divided into a series of key categories which illustrate various aspects of the historic environment such as industrial architecture, public monuments, the social history of Newcastle and the North East and the archaeological heritage of the region. The photographic corpus derives from a series of public and private collections. The Stafford Linsley Collection of industrial archaeology is complemented by aerial images from the Norman McCord Collection and several artistic representations of buildings and working activities by Victorian 'gentleman' painter William Henry Charlton (1846-1918). The project also includes news items relating to the SINE archive and its work, including stories relating to the state of preservation of buildings featured in the archive which complements the important section documenting construction and demolition within the project area. The database can be browsed or searched by a wide range of categories such as structure type and materials (based on the English Heritage NMR Thesaurus) and location. An interACTIVE Zone presents the material in an attractive and fun way, in which children can explore the gallery or take learning journeys. Other projects include the digitising of the Lambeth Palace Library archive of church plans. The projects is now concluded and the site has last been updated in 2004. This database has a broad potential constituency of users, from architectural and social historians to mediaeval and post-mediaeval archaeologists and heritage management professionals.
The Society for American Archaeology, with over 6,000 members, is one of the largest and broadly based organizations dedicated to promoting the study, teaching and protection of archaeological heritage from the Americas. The website, aimed at academics and students, as well as heritage professionals working in museums, private institutions and government agencies around the world, provides an outline of the society's aims and objectives and of its research and educational projects. It also offers practical advice for career and employment opportunities in American archaeology while the 'current research' page provides a précis of various archaeological projects in North, Central and South America and invites contributions from fieldworkers. The SAA also publishes numerous journals such as 'American Antiquity', 'Latin American Antiquity' and 'Archaeology and Public Education', whose contents and abstracts are provided from the mid-1990s onwards. While the online E-tiquity and SAA archaeological record are provided free in PDF format, some parts of the site require user registration and/or subscription for full access. The site also provides a wide range of resources on issues related to education in archaeology, U.S. government regulations relating to archaeological practice (including links to the texts of legal judgements on sensitive issues such as repatriation of cultural or human remains), as well as advice on plannning a career in archaeology in the U.S. The resource is an excellent gateway into American archaeology, and, apart from the substantive information on field projects and research publications which will benefit university level students and researchers, these pages will also be useful to heritage/ CRM professionals in the UK and Europe interested in comparative archaeological practice in the Americas.
The Society for Historical Archaeology is the largest scholarly group concerned with the archaeology of the modern world (AD 1400 to present). Geographically the society emphasizes the New World, but also includes European exploration and settlement in Africa, Asia, and Oceania, which are also the focus of this website. The website provides: information on the Society and Society membership; publications by the society, including the contents and abstracts of their journal 'Historical Archaeology'; and a selection of bibliographies.
This is the website of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB). It has details on the society, a notice board, education, membership, events, publications and advice. The site offers advice to the general public about buying, owning and restoring ancient buildings, including a useful questions and answers and change of use section. Of more interest to professionals and academics are the technical statements that state the Society's stand on issues such as church extensions, water repellent treatments for masonry and telecommunication installations inside churches. There is an extensive archive of technical advice with useful bibliographies on a wide range of technical problems. The website can be quite difficult to navigate, making use of interlinked vertical and horizontal menus. The webpages do not fit on all computer screens and it is often necessary to scroll horizontally to read the text. The Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings is a charity originally founded in 1877 by William Morris to counteract the highly destructive 'restoration' of medieval buildings then being practised by many Victorian architects. The Society is the largest, oldest and most technically expert national pressure group fighting to save old buildings from decay, demolition and damage. It also encourages excellence in new design to enrich and complement the historic environment.
The Somerset Historic Environment Record (HER) is a computerised record of information on archaeological sites and activity in the post-1974 county of Somerset. The record was started in 1974 and has been computerised since 1982. At the time of review it contained about 21,000 archaeological records including 6,700 Listed buildings. The HER went online in 2003 and can also be consulted by post, fax or email or can be visited by appointment. Somerset Sites & Monuments Record has also been deposited with the Archaeology Data Service and can be searched alongside other archaeological data in their catalogue through ArchSearch.
This is the official website of the Superintendence of Pompeii, the public organisation responsible of the excavations and conservation of Herculaneum; Oplontis; Stabiae; Boscoreale; and Pompeii, the wealthy Roman city near Naples destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79. An English translation is provided for some pages, but is often rather unidiomatic. Navigating the website is unnecessarily difficult. Several useful resources are buried deep within it - suggested itineraries, a history of the excavations, pictures and descriptions of the individual buildings. The English version sometimes difficult and incomplete. The Italian version is substantially different and with more contents: it is a pity that the main website of UNESCO site could not be translated in English. A Flash animation (the world of Caius) is aimed specifically at children and is available in the English version. There are many virtual panoramas (QuickTime, Flash, and IPIX plugins required), also in the English version.
The Italian version contains important sections, briefly reviewed here. Section "La Soprintendenza" focuses on the organisation and activities of the Superintendence. Clicking on "modulistica" (forms) there are the forms and bureaucratic procedure to submit the request for an authorisation to publish photographs and videos, which is required also for published scholarly works. Clicking on "laboratorio di ricerche applicate" (the archaeobotanical lab) and then on "banca dati" it is possible access to an updated list of plant remains found during the excavations at Pompeii; going back one level and clicking on "bibliografia" instead it is possible to access the bibliography. Clicking on "ufficio stampa" (press office; also a separate section) will provide access to all recent official communications (comunicati stampa), and there are also the links to the "mediacenter" (a simple selector of virtual panoramas) and the "fotopiano interattivo" an interactive aerial view of Pompeii from where virtual panoramas of 24 buildings can be accessed. The panoramas are larger than usual, but also of low quality. "Mediacenter" and "fotopiano" are also accessible from other sections. Section "siti archeologici" has very limited contents, useful are just the PDF maps of the excavations at Pompeii and Herculaneum; practical information to visit the archaeological sites (more information in section "info visita"); some information on the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD (including poignant pictures of casts of victims); and the "mediagallery" (gallery of pictures). Sections "mostre ed eventi" (exhibitions and events) as well as "progetti e ricerca" (projects and research) are very similar and provide some information on recent projects and other activities. This website has some contents for everyone, but there are very few contents for researchers since most sections contain images and virtual panoramas (useful for students and in teaching), news, or practical information. The short texts (mostly in Italian) appear inadequate for use at academic level and target the general public.
The South Gloucestershire Sites and Monuments Record, created as a result of the disaggregation of the former Avon County SMR in 1996, includes data on a wide range of traditional archaeological sites together with listed buildings, historic landscape information and the extensive urban survey for the area. Nearly 7000 records from the Sites and Monuments Record have been included in the ADS Catalogue. The Record is constantly being revised and updated and these records reflect the content of the Record at February 2003. The data from the South Gloucestershire Sites and Monuments is the copyright of South Gloucestershire Council and may not be used without permission. The resource may be accessed through the 'search by resource' option in the ADS catalogue and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions of use.
The archaeological collections of the City of Southampton are detailed in a database at this website. Over 15,000 objects have been catalogued, with entries including: their construction material; the period from which they date; the site at which they were found; their physical dimensions; and any other general information that may be of interest to archaeologists. Photographs are included of many of the objects, though these images are of variable quality. The search engine provided by the site is effective and allows combinations of restrictions to be placed on the search, such as a specific period or settlement.Elsewhere, the site provides historical summaries of Southampton and its environs in every era from the prehistoric, through the Roman, Saxon, and Medieval, up to the early modern. The collection also features a small number of Egyptian artefacts, and a few miscellaneous curiosities brought back by travellers from elsewhere on the globe. Simple maps show the areas of Southampton occupied by previous settlements. The site also provides information as to the City Council's methods of documentation. The opening hours, location, and contact details of the Southampton Museum of Archaeology are provided, along with information regarding the Museum's identification service. A list of annotated links to related websites is also included.
This website publishes the full-text of English Heritage's State of the Historic Environment Report since 2002, when the first ever national audit of the state of the historic environment in England was carried out. The reports have been produced by English Heritage on behalf of the historic environment sector in association with a large number of organisations on the Historic Environment Review Steering Group. The resource consists of a series of PDF documents of the reports (at the time of review the ports of years 2002-2005 were available). This resource will benefit not merely those working in the heritage, planning and tourism sectors but will also interest undergraduates and researchers in archaeology, architectural history and related areas, or indeed the general public (including voluntary conservation groups) who are concerned with the protection of the historic environment.
Here is outlined the first report, dated 2002. 'Historic environment assets' defines both the purpose of the document and the nature of the historic environment itself, providing a wide-ranging review of legislation and procedures for the management and protection of historical and archaeological sites, including a description of the range of heritage sites at risk. Further sections outline the need to balance the need for financially sustainable policies in the heritage management sector against the significant contribution the historic environment makes to the economy, especially in the form of tourism. 'Outreach, knowledge and access' emphasises the importance of involving the general public in heritage management, especially in the form of education programmes aimed at all age-groups in society. The Annex provides a very detailed guide to national, regional and local institutions responsible for the management of the historic environment as well as outlining the financial and other resources available for this purpose.
English Heritage and their partners are promoting and executing the 'Stonehenge Master Plan' and propose to develop and publish a Research Framework for Stonehenge and its surroundings. This website introduces the Project and the idea of a Research Framework, and provides up to date news on events connected with the Project. There is a collection of draft documents that may be read on line or downloaded as PDF files. The website also provides links to other web pages concerned with Stonehenge or stone circles. Please note that the website was last updated in 2001 and research at Stonehenge can move fast.
This is a website published by a local history enthusiast, Simon Knott, which aims to catalogue all of the Anglican and Catholic churches in Suffolk, with descriptions and accompanying photographs. Currently there are around six hundred churches featured on the site, and these can be searched or browsed by place name. Each entry contains: a short history of the church; details of architectural changes made to the buildings; and location and access details, as well as Simon's personal view of the building and its features. In addition to the main catalogue, there are also: suggestions for further reading; a glossary of unfamiliar terms; and audio files of programmes and interviews the author has participated in for BBC Radio Suffolk. This site would be of interest to those studying church architecture (particularly medieval) and archaeologists.
The "Supporting Community Archaeology in the UK" website produced by for The Council for British Archaeology (CBA) publishes an updated report (in PDF format) by Dr Suzie Thomas entitled "Community Archaeology in the UK: Recent Findings". The report concludes that in 2010 up to 215,000 individuals may be available to be involved in such projects, a resource to be assessed against the declining role of universities in excavations due to funding cuts.Professional archaeologists are usually in charge of such projects, but excavation only accounts for about 410f such projects and it is emphasised in the report that the skills brought by volunteers are often ignored. "Popular activities [among the volunteers] include recording through photography, attending talks or lectures, lobbying on heritage issues, and fieldwalking". The sustainability of the projects is a serious concern. Local conditions and communities affect deeply such projects and their outcomes.
The website also includes a blog and a series of presentations (also in PDF format) from a workshop on the subject. Anyone interested in archaeology in the UK or anywhere else should read the report as community archaeology offers great potential that has not been fully recognised or tapped yet.
The "Threat to the World Heritage in Iraq" is a website that documents the effects of the political and military crisis affecting Iraq and the Middle East since the early 1990s. Archaeologists had to reassess the threat posed by war to the extraordinarily rich collection of historical sites of world significance in the region. This resource, produced by eminent Near Eastern scholars Nicholas Postgate and Eleanor Robson, is a topical guide to a wide variety of archaeological and architectural monuments in the firing line and provides useful weblinks to recent media stories highlighting the damage to archaeological heritage caused by human conflict. After an introduction outlining the nature of the threat and the problems caused by military action and looting after 1991, the heritage sites at risk are grouped thematically under headings such as: places of worship; khans (merchant hostels); palaces and military sites; irrigation works and bridges; archaeological sites with standing buildings; caves; and museums. All of the entries provide grid references and hypertext links to detailed maps of Iraq or to photographic images. The separate index of photographs can be searched alphabetically and is particularly useful for providing relatively recent images illustrating the present state of preservation of many of the sites and monuments. Links to academic sites on Near Eastern subjects are also provided. Apart from the immediate news value of this website, the resource is also a useful source of maps, photographs and topographical information for students and researchers working in the Near East, as well as providing information for those interested in the ethics and politics of heritage issues. The site has not been updated since 2003 but it has a strong testimonial value for the recent history.
3-Dimensional Documentation of 'Complex Heritage Structures' is a research paper that studies the advantages of, and methods for developing, three-dimensional documentation of 'Heritage Structures' for reference and archiving. To date, important heritage structures have been documented in the form of orthographic projections, which remain non-interactive, very technical, non-user-friendly, and cumbersome. The scope for human errors and missing data is also a risk in constructing such representations. Taking as an example the Indian palatial complex at Fatehpur Sikri, the website details the capabilities and advantages of three-dimensional reconstruction through digital methods. Images of the reconstructions are provided as an accompaniment to the text, and a link is provided to the finished project website, where users can experience a 'walk-through' of Fatehpur Sikri.
The website Tiles & Architectural Ceramics Society (TACS) introduces this association established in 1981 to encourage the study and preservation of the rich heritage of decorative glazed brick in the United Kingdom. One of the chief aims of the society is to produce a comprehensive online gazetteer and searchable database of all significant sites in the country (still in progress at the time of writing) and to provide support and advice on conservation for tile enthusiasts on a local level. Decorated tiles have been used in Britain since the Roman period but it was particularly with the explosion of church and cathedral building in the 13th and 14th centuries that they became an important feature of internal decoration. By the 19th century, the mass production of architectural ceramics extended their use to a much wider range of structures (both inside and out) including public buildings, commercial buildings, factories and gin palaces but also the more affluent private houses and public lavatories. The TACS website site provides a helpful and colourfully illustrated introduction to the history and usage of tiles, virtual tours of buildings and cities with notable examples (such as Poole and Newcastle) and relevant news items. Free downloads of files containing further information are also available. Other notable features include the 'Tile file' which documents the history of the most important industrial manufacturers of tiles (information for purchase is available), a useful page of links to various related websites (including much of wider architectural interest) and a guide to the journal published by the society. This resource will interest a wide constituency of users, including archaeologists (especially those concerned with mediaeval, post-mediaeval and industrial remains), historians of architecture and design, including researchers into the social aspects of building decoration, and heritage professionals charged with the preservation of the historic built environment. Some of the work-in-progress has not been updated in a while.
'TRACCE. Online Rock Art Bulletin' is an wide-ranging web magazine and worldwide database catering for students and enthusiasts interested in prehistoric engravings, images and inscriptions from archaeological sites all over the world. It is maintained by the Società Cooperativa L'Orme dell'Uomo (Footsteps of Man archaeological co-operative) based in Valcamonica in northern Italy, which boasts one of the most impressive collections of open-air rock art in Europe. Past issues of the online bulletin from 1996-2002 are supplemented by articles, news features and commentaries which have been added continuously since then. In addition, there is a worldwide database of weblinks to over 600 rupestral sites, an extensive searchable encyclopaedia of rock art and links to bibliographic and didactic pages on the parent site 'Rupestre.net'. Registered users can post articles and comments as well as communicate with other online members, making this a very useful forum for students, scholars and the general public to exchange ideas in an international context. While the base languages of the website are English and Italian, the web interface is available in most European and various east Asian tongues, over 30 in total. Because many of the sites features in TRACCE are in environmentally sensitive areas or, in some cases, actually threatened by modern development (such as dams and building projects), this website also serves to alert a wider audience (from the general public to environmental campaigners) to the dangers facing the prehistoric landscapes which produce rupestral engravings and is a valuable news source for individuals interested in heritage issues, both amateur and academic.
The Transylvania Trust is a non-profit organization that promotes and manages conservation and research of the built heritage in the Transylvanian region of Romania. This website described the projects that the organisation is currently running and provides information about upcoming conferences, preservation classes, and European exchange programmes (organised in conjunction with the UK's National Trust). The site also includes a picture gallery of historic Transylvanian buildings and towns. Those wishing to donate money to the trust will find the appropriate details online.
This useful website explains how archaeological finds in Scotland are recorded and protected. It describes the process for reporting finds, the system of rewards, and emphasises the importance of having artefacts assessed. The legal context is explained in a straightforward manner and the rules concerning metal detecting are also provided. There is a section for museums explaining the procedure for bidding for treasure trove cases, the form for which is included on the site. A news section provides a list of recent treasure trove allocations, and there is also a gallery of images of recent finds. A page of links directs users to other official archaeological organisations in Scotland.
The Trust for African Rock Art (TARA) is an independent non-profit organisation dedicated to preserving ancient rock art in Africa. TARA is based in Kenya. The website offers full information about the organisation and its aims, plus news, five free newsletters for download, and exhibition listings. TARA claims an "an extensive library of over 70,000 African rock art images" and there is a gallery on the website showing 17 examples images. Prints may be purchased. There is a listing of rock art sites open to the public in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.
This is the website of the Ulster Archaeological Society. It includes information about the society and the detailed and up-to-date Newsletter of the Ulster Archaeological Society. Additionally the website includes details of field surveys undertaken by the society (in PDF). These include various sites in and around Northern Ireland, such as Cushenden, Forthill Rath, Greenhill (Annahilt, Co Down), and Divis Mountain. What the website lacks in presentation it makes up for in content.
The UNESCO World Heritage list contains over 850 sites, monuments and areas of archaeological, historical and environmental interest which are deemed to be of global significance. This is the official website of the list which provides basic information on each entry together with photographs, grid references and conservation reports on each monument or place as well and which outlines the criteria required for inclusion in the list. The list is arranged alphabetically by country, 141 at the time of review, and links take you to the relevant UNESCO session documents. The photographs can be viewed as thumbnails or at a larger screen-size scale. Many of the entries have hyperlinks to partner organisations or tourist websites in each country which provide additional documentation for the heritage sites. The list is also available in French and Spanish and can be read with our without frames. Apart from the substantive information on UNESCO World Heritage sites, which will interest a wide audience, both amateur and professional, this concise but highly useful resource also provides insights into the politics and practice of heritage management on a world scale.
This digital archive, hosted by Archaeology Data Service (ADS), presents electronic versions of the reports and databases created by the Environmental Archaeology Unit (EAU), a research group based in the Department of Biology at the University of York. Established in 1975 with funding from the Leverhulme Trust, the EAU moved to York's Centre for Human Palaeoecology within the Department of Archaeology in 2002. The EAU practised an integrated approach to environmental archaeology, drawing upon many sub-disciplines within the field, including soil and sediment studies, palynology (pollen studies), plant macrofossils, and invertebrate and vertebrate studies. The EAU digital archive available via these webpages is organised into site-based catalogue. Currently available is the 'Data Archive for plant and invertebrate remains from Anglo-Scandinavian 16-22 Coppergate, York' - a dataset detailing the environmental analyses from the above excavation. The files available within the archive are reports (downloadable in RTF, or rich text format, or plain text) and data files (available as comma-delimited files suitable for importing into database programs). Detailed captions accompany the data files.
The Heritage Lottery funded Unlocking Essex's Past project aims to make publicly available a wide range of resources from the Essex Heritage Conservation Record. The project moves beyond the 'traditional online HER' by incorporating a highly comprehensive search system including a GIS interface. The underlying database includes a wide range of multimedia content, such as virtual reality models and aerial photographs, together with the standard HER record information. The project is highly orientated towards supporting individual research and provides easy access to data focussed upon specific towns in Essex ('My Town'). Two sections, 'Investigating the Past' and 'Protecting the Past' also exist which concentrate firstly upon the methods and techniques employed in archaeological research and secondly on the legislation and methodologies employed in heritage conservation. The website is consistently navigable with little difficulty. One of the most impressive features of this website is the integration of the NMR Monument Type, Building Materials and Evidence Thesauri and MDA Archaeological Objects Thesaurus into the search interface, allowing standardised terms to be used when searching the Essex Heritage Conservation Record.
The website and database of the Ure Museum of Greek Archaeology at the University of Reading, which possesses the fourth largest corpus of Greek vases in Britain in addition to an interesting collection of Egyptian material. Founded in 1922 to house the collection of antiquities at the then University College, the collection has expanded considerably since that time through further purchases and gifts. In 2005 the museum benefitted from an Arts and Humanities Research Council funded 'renewal', vastly improving the presentation and interpretation of its collections. This website provides a useful thematic guide to the museum holdings as well as a very detailed and well illustrated searchable database which is described as work-in-progress. In addition to sections on the history and techniques of Greek vases and on the Egyptian material, the thematic sections features: 'Athens and Sparta'; the 'Symposium'; 'Childhood'; 'Men and women'; 'Athletics and warfare'; 'Health and death'; 'Mythology and the gods'. The online database, developed in cooperation with the Max Planck Institute for the history of science in Berlin, contains detailed descriptions and captioned images of individual objects and can be searched according to a wide range of fields, including shape, fabric, period, provenance, artist, bibliography and Beazley cross-reference. Both the website and the database are extensively hypertexted. The site also provides visitor information, an online tour, lists of events and brief information for schools (including 'A' level students). This is a very helpful resource for undergraduates studying classical archaeology and ancient history but also provides much useful material for researchers from a relatively unknown but richly endowed museum.
This is the website of the Vernacular Architecture Group (VAG). A registered charity, the Vernacular Architecture Group was formed in 1952 to further the study of traditional buildings. The website provides information about the activities of the group, including a list of past conference venues and themes. The organisation's annual journal 'Vernacular Architecture' is introduced and there are a number of sample articles available. The VAG maintains three databases, which are hosted by the Archaeological Data Service (ADS): VAG Bibliography; Dendrochronology Database; and Cruck Database. Information and links to the databases are provided on the website.
The online version of the Bibliography of the Vernacular Architecture Group (VAG) contains over 4600 full references from Volumes III & IV of the group's printed bibliography. It may be browsed by subject area or searched by keyword, author and geographic region or any combination of these. Although the society, created in 1952, originally focussed on traditional buildings in the British Isles, the group's activities have recently developed to encompass buildings from other parts of the world. The bibliography covers topics such as building types, their development and materials, as well as local and regional surveys. The site is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource. The query interface is highly comprehensive allowing for keyword searches or queries within pre-defined VAG table of contents terms. The resource is based on server-side technology and requires a few browser plug-ins.
The cruck database was originally created by N W Alcock as a Vernacular Architecture Group project, with the collaboration of many members of the group. It was used to generate the published catalogues of cruck buildings in 'Cruck Construction: an Introduction and Catalogue', CBA Research Report 42 (1981) and its predecessor, 'A Catalogue of Cruck Buildings' (Phillimore for Vernacular Architecture Group, 1973). Since then the database has been migrated to PARADOX, though its fields retain the letter codings that were introduced in 1973 to save space and input time. It has been intermittently added to and has now grown from ca. 4000 (1981) to 5600 entries. A major update was carried out in summer 2002, when some counties being actively researched were systematically revised. Maps based on these results are published in Vernacular Architecture vol. 33 (2002), 67-70. Some additional material has been incorporated up to Summer 2003. The database contains information on the name, location, function and condition of cruck buildings with further details on the crucks themselves and bibliographic references. A detailed description of the database itself is also included in the resource's overview page. The site is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource. The resource is based on server-side technology and thus is functional in almost all modern browsers.
The Vernacular Architecture Group (VAG) dendrochronology database, hosted by the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), provides access to an index of tree-ring dates from over 1000 structures from around Great Britain and Ireland. The records held within the database are those published in "Vernacular Architecture", up to Volume 32 (2001). VAG was formed in 1952 to further the study of lesser traditional buildings through the study and recording of vernacular architecture, and today it numbers over 500 members. The database is searchable by several criteria via an online form. The criteria include felling date range, geographical information such as grid reference or county, chronological period, and the type of structure. These can be combined to broaden or narrow a search. In addition, the returned results can be ordered by date, location or structure type. Clicking on any returned result from a search will provide a further page detailing that specific location, whilst a short list of similar investigations at nearby sites also appears at the foot of these pages.
Vindolanda is a Roman fort and civilian settlement lying just to the south of Hadrian's Wall. The Roman Army Museum, adjacent to the Roman site of Carvoran, 8 miles to the west, (one of the best preserved sections of the Wall), offers an insight into the garrisons of Hadrian's Wall. Roman Vindolanda and The Roman Army Museum are both part of the Hadrian's Wall World Heritage Site. Presented in this website is essential visitor information and background to the museum and the Vindolanda Trust (that provides research, education and the public display of the monument and finds from the Vindolanda excavations) and the Trust's base in the country house of Chesterholm. There are also preliminary reports (news) of all the archaeological excavations carried out since 1997 (the most interesting section), a bookshop, tourist information and a growing Roman and general history links page.
Vortex is the homepage of Paul Gough, an AHRC-funded researcher who is based at the University of the West of England. The author's special subjects are the "landscape of peace" and the "representation of war and peace in the twentieth and twenty-first century". His attractive website has a biography, and contact details. There is a large gallery of Paul Gough's art, his video material, and details of his exhibitions along with online copies of his catalogues. There is an archive of the author's 'Writings on Conflict'. His AHRC-funded 'Places of Peace' project, about peace gardens in southern England, is online in full (to find this, click on 'Vortex 3' then 'Publications'). The website also has a useful illustrated directory of 'War Art And Artists: Contemporary British artists on war and peace'.
This website introduces an AHRC-funded project exploring the Saxon and Medieval archaeology of the town of Wallingford, in Oxfordshire, UK. With its rich townscape, preserving its medieval street pattern, large number of historic buildings and defensive structures (Saxon burh, medieval earthen ramparts and Norman castle) and a significant undisturbed archaeological record, the town has been identified by researchers due to its potential, yet the very limited amount of attention it has hitherto received. This project aims to employ a variety of approaches to expand knowledge of this key townscape and shed light on the nature of Saxon and Norman urbanism. The website details the results of the excavation seasons carried out so far, together with information about the study of Wallingford, including a comprehensive bibliography. The website also has a series of posters from the various trenches to read and download. The main project ran from 2008-10, but elements are continuing. A monograph is in preparation for the Society for Medieval Archaeology.
The Warwickshire Sites and Monuments Record (SMR) is a database containing information about archaeological sites and findspots in the county of Warwickshire. The record holds information about sites and finds covering a huge time span, from the Palaeolithic to the 20th century. The Record encompasses information on around 10,000 sites and finds in Warwickshire. The ADS holdings of this resource (which is part of the ADS ArchSearch catalogue) provide access to a number of key fields within the Warwickshire SMR which in turn act as an index to sources of information that are often more detailed. Many of these sources, such as aerial photographs, historic maps, excavation reports and journals, are held at the offices of Museum Field Services in Warwick and can be consulted by making an appointment. The ADS website contains an overview of this resource together with important information regarding the access and usage of data contained within the Warwickshire SMR. Users are also required to agree to the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing this resource.
The "Web Journal on Cultural Patrimony" is an academic publication by the University of Naples L'Orientale; the Osservatorio Permanente per la Protezione dei Beni Culturali ed Ambientali in Area di Crisi (Protection of Cultural Heritage in Areas of Crisis Watch); and the Al Quds University of Jerusalem. It publishes papers on the protection and destruction of cultural heritage in areas of political instability or armed conflict; on restoring cultural heritage; and on the impact of urban redevelopment on the existing cultural heritage. At the time of review, the first issue contained papers on surviving medieval houses in Naples; the destruction of cultural heritage in Nigeria; restorations in Lithuania; urban redevelopment in Shanghai, China; reports on new research on cultural heritage; and book reviews. Papers like "The Diachronic Sociolinguistic Situation in Sindh" by M. Qasim Bughio and "The Lhasa Jokhang - is the world's oldest timber frame building in Tibet?" by André Alexander demonstrate the broadness of studies published, which encompass all aspects of cultural heritage. All papers are available free and full-text in PDF format; they are lavishly illustrated with colour pictures and maps and available in English or Italian. Since this journal focuses on a very broad subject, it may be useful to many researchers in archaeology and probably architects interested in urban redevelopment and the challenges posed by the existing cultural heritage.
This is the website of Wessex Archaeology. It includes details of projects undertaken by this charitable trust (Registered Charity No. 287786), their services and information about archaeology in general. The Projects section includes details of excavations, arranged by time-period and by region of southern England, such as: Stone Age (Battlesbury Camp, Warminster, Wiltshire and Stonehenge World Heritage Site); Bronze Age (Amesbury Archer, Boscombe Down, Wiltshire); Iron Age (Channel Tunnel Rail Link); Roman Britain (Dorchester, former County Hospital); Saxon and later (Southampton Friends Provident St Marys Stadium and St Brannock's church spire); Midlands and North of England (M6 Toll Road, Birmingham). The Learning section is aimed at schools and younger audiences. There are consistent links in the top (some drop-down menus) and left navigation bars, and the text throughout the site is hyperlinked. A photo gallery is hosted on a separate photo sharing service; some sets are still hosted within the website. Section News collects all recent information about the activities of Wessex Archaeology as a blog; some of these pages contain multimedia features such as the 3D reconstruction of the palaeoenvironment of the River Arun. Archaeocast is a section accessible from the home page that contains audio commentaries on recent discoveries or educational topics; its contents are available as podcast or can be downloaded in MP3 format.
The West of Scotland Archaeology Service (WoSAS) maintains the Sites and Monuments Record for eleven Councils in Argyll, the Clyde valley and Ayrshire. The SMR covers an area of around 13,000 square kilometres, including some of the most fascinating prehistoric landscapes in Britain, including Upper Clydesdale, the Kilmartin Valley, and Machrie Moor. With over 20,000 records at present, the SMR aims to be a comprehensive and up-to-date record of archaeological monuments, fieldwork and finds for this area. A subset of this data harvested in 1998 (all the sites, but not all the fields pertaining to them) is hosted by the Archaeology Data Service as part of ArchSearch. Full information from the Sites and Monuments Record may be obtained directly from WoSAS. This includes full site descriptions, lists of bibliographic references, archive sources and available images, and more detailed grid references. As well as providing curatorial advice for development control and monument management purposes, WoSAS is keen to promote public access and enjoyment of the archaeology of the West of Scotland, and welcomes enquiries from members of the public and archaeological researchers. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
The 'West Yorkshire Archaeology Service Geophysical Surveys: Digital Archive', hosted by the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), is a collection of reports and datasets from 13 sites around West Yorkshire that have undergone geophysical investigation by the West Yorkshire Archaeology Service (WYAS). The archive is searchable using an interactive 'map search' feature. Each site contains Introduction and Overview sections detailing the archaeological background and the context of the current investigation. Detailed information regarding the types of survey and the techniques employed are provided in these sections. The reports are also available for download in Microsoft Word DOC and plain text formats. Also available for download alongside the reports are associated figures and images, usually present as GIF or JPEG images. The raw field data resulting from the various surveys is archived using WYAS's in-house software - 'Geocon' and 'Contours' - and is available as compressed '.zip' files to simplify downloading. Gradiometry and Resistivity are employed on sites in Leeds, Wakefield, Pontefract and Meltham, amongst others present in the archive.
This is the home page for the Whitby Abbey Headland Project which centres on the recently discovered Anglian enclosure of the 7th-8th century. This is a well illustrated website with location and excavation plans, photographs of the site, methods and archaeological features and line drawings of finds. There are at least 200 graves in the area of excavation from at least two phases of burials. The few datable finds recovered so far suggest a period between the 7th and 9th centuries AD for the burials.
The Window on Wiltshire's Heritage (WOW) website acts as a central resource and portal to related websites with a focus on the archaeology, architecture, art, nature and museums of Wiltshire. The project involves 22 partner organisations from across Wiltshire with the aim to provide a virtual display of Wiltshire's heritage. The website consists of eight main themed sections, two of which are currently under development, and these in turn link through to the partner websites on which the various datasets are hosted. The partner websites can also be searched from the WOW website through the 'Discover' section. The WOW website itself also hosts a 'Get Involved' section in which users can view and vote for their favourite Wiltshire monument. The site also features a news section, listing upcoming events and developments in Wiltshire's heritage sector, and publishes an e-newsletter which can be subscribed to through the website. The site is easily navigable, well designed and well set out. Lists of results, linking through to the partner sites, are produced for searches and from the selection of keywords and a warning is always given when a user is about to leave the WOW pages.
This website presents information on the activities of the Worcestershire Historic Environment and Archaeology Service. There is information about: the Sites and Monuments Record; field services provided by the Archaeological Service; Heritage Studies at University College Worcester; and the Local Heritage Initiative. A set of pages give advice on activities with archaeological impact (metal detecting, planning, farming). The Newsletters of the County Archaeology Service is published on the website. A page describes churches in Worcestershire and gives examples for each of the major architectural periods. A page describes the Central Marches Historic Towns Survey. There is an extensive section on the Civil War as it related to Worcestershire.
The World Association for the protection of Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage in Time of Armed conflict (WATCH, also known as "Associazione Mondiale per la protezione del patrimonio culturale, tangibile ed intangibile, in tempo di conflitti armati") website provides information about this association and its scopes. The website also includes a news section with information on relevant conferences that the association supports or sponsors (primarily the "International Conference On Science and Technology in Archaeology and Conservation"). It is possible to join the association online; students do not pay any fee and other members only a modest one. The website does not provide much information on the activities of the association apart from the annual conference it supports and this is a pity. However, the website presents a constructive way of reacting to the destruction of cultural heritage in case of armed conflict and all archaeologists may want to read the objectives of this association or become aware of conferences on related topics.
This website presents the World Cultural and Natural Heritage sites of China as a set of slide shows with brief details on the location and, where appropriate, the history. Heritage sites include the Great Wall, the Imperial Palace (Forbidden City), Mount Taishan, the Summer Palace, The Ancient City of Pingyao, the ancient city of Lijiang, and other sites. This website may be useful primarily to students.
World Heritage Review is a bi-monthly magazine published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to highlight sites listed for preservation. Such sites include buildings, parks, towns, even islands, deemed to be of outstanding importance on a global scale. The online version of the magazine features articles about recent additions to the UNESCO list, and an archive of previous preservation sites. Articles tend to be around 3,000 words, providing histories of the site in question and explaining their importance. Each article is illustrated with photographs. The web page also provides subscription details for individuals and institutions wishing to obtain the print version of the magazine, and a slightly nonsensical opinion poll.
This is the website of the World Monuments Fund, a New York-based non-profit organisation dedicated to preserving and protecting endangered works of historic art and architecture around the world. The World Monuments Fund compiles a list of the 100 most endangered sites every two years. This list is published on the website and is viewable by a clickable map. Each site has a short entry with photograph and a description of the site, its history and the threats to its survival. A page lists information on specific projects sponsored by the World Monuments Fund. A news page has articles relevant to the World Monuments Fund's activities. Another page describes the Jewish Heritage Grant Program, a project responding to the widespread neglect of the rich architectural heritage of Jewish communities around the world.
The Wrexham sites and monuments record, maintained by the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust in partnership with Wrexham County Borough Council, is part of the Regional Sites and Monuments Record which includes sites ranging in date from the Palaeolithic to the twentieth century. The data made available here to the Archaeology Data Service (as part of the ArchSearch catalogue) contains key data fields derived from the full SMR database and was downloaded from CPAT's Regional SMR on 23rd October 2000. The database is intended to be used as an index to the SMR archive which comprises many elements, from computer databases and digital surveys to historic maps, 25 years worth of excavation and survey archives and over 30,000 aerial and 40,000 terrestrial photographs. Users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to using the dataset and, in all uses, data from the SMR will remain the copyright of CPAT, its partners in the SMR and any other stated bodies. A full overview of the dataset and the fields provided can be found on the ADS website.
This website, maintained by the Wiltshire-based company Cathedral Communications Limited, provides a directory of products and suppliers for the "preservation, conservation and restoration of historic buildings, churches and garden landscapes". The site also contains a range of articles related to architectural conservation. The articles cover a wide range of topics of interest to those concerned with building conservation but also to those concerned with buildings archaeology. Subjects covered include traditional building materials, fittings, timber framed buildings and survey techniques. The website also gives details of all the main UK courses in building conservation and allied crafts. Events and exhibitions information is available, as well as a listing of relevant books linked to an online shopping facility.
The Yarnton project is Oxford Archaeology's major study of the development of a rural landscape over thousands of years. It is focused on the area between the villages of Yarnton and Cassington, some 5km north-west of the city of Oxford. Excavations were carried out over a period of nine years from 1989 to 1998. Since then, post-excavation analysis has been underway. The website has been designed for users who wish to follow the work in progress and learn more about the study in advance of the full publication. Reports on all aspects of the site are being made available in draft form (as PDF files) as soon as they are ready. The website includes a general introduction to the Yarnton project (The Project). This page also provides access to background information about the Yarnton project: research aims, the timetable, publication plans, and information about how the project was planned at post-excavation assessment. The Project Team page lists the main contributors to the study, and a selection of images can be found in the Image Gallery. Post-Excavation explains the kind of work that is carried out at this stage of an archaeological project. Project Map shows the study area and provides a way in to more detailed information and access to current work (draft reports in PDF format) arranged by period (Saxon and medieval, Iron Age and Roman and Neolithic and Bronze Age) and area of the site. The Bibliography lists publications to date as well as a selection of wider reading. The Glossary is useful for non-archaeologists as it provides definitions in alphabetical order of the archaeological terms used in this website.
York Archaeological Trust (YAT) is an online collection of information on the work of the Trust in both archaeology and education. Information regarding several of York's attractions that are under the remit of YAT, including: the Jorvik Viking Centre; the Archaeological Resource Centre (ARC); and Barley Hall, is provided, along with: a news section; image gallery; and a catalogue of publications. Also provided are links to other relevant archaeological websites and several current feature articles that change periodically.
York Archive Gazetteer is an online gazetteer which contains records of nearly 1,000 excavations and watching briefs undertaken by the York Archaeological Trust since 1972. The gazetteer gives a brief description of the archaeology found at the sites and the type and period of the major archaeological features encountered. The York Archaeological Trust was set up in 1972 to respond to the widespread threats to York's buried past posed by accelerated development. Anaerobic waterlogged deposits in some parts of York have preserved a wide range of organic objects which would not normally survive. Artefacts of: cloth; wood; and leather in remarkable states of preservations have been recovered from a number of sites. As a result the York Archaeological Trust has built up a collection of artefacts of particular importance. Probably the most spectacular and famous consequence of these investigations has been the unearthing of well preserved structural remains and paleoecological material dating from the Anglo-Scandinavian (Viking) period of the York's history. This has enabled a detailed reconstruction of the city at that time - a reconstruction which can be experienced at the Jorvik Viking Centre.
The York archive gazetteer is accessed via the ADS ArchSearch catalogue and can be searched alongside a number of additional datasets.
The Yorkshire Dales National Park occupies an area of some 1762 km in the Pennine hills. It has a particularly rich historic environment. The National Park Authority's Historic Environment Record aims to be the most comprehensive record of information about the historic environment. The Historic Environment Record consists of a computer database and other material in a range of media including photographs, maps and archaeological reports. The catalogue at AHDS Archaeology contains core data from the Historic Environment Record database.
This is the website of the Young Archaeologists' Club (YAC). This organisation was started in 1973, and since the 1990s it has been based in the Council for British Archaeology (CBA),with co-ordination in Scotland based at the Council for Scottish Archaeology (National Museums of Scotland). Tony Robinson, is the Club's honorary President, and YAC appears to warmly supported by the whole Time Team archaeology television programme. (This Time Team has a regular page in the Young Archaeologist magazine, excerpts are included on the website). YAC members are aged 8-9 and over, but there is a group for younger enthusiasts called 'The YAC Supporters'. There is also membership for 'Interested' adults, as well as School/Institutional membership. On the website there are details of how to join, as well as an online YAC membership application form. There is a YAC bulletin board so you can contact other young archaeologists. The organisation hold the Young Archaeologist of the Year Award, and the website includes some careers and qualifications advice and the society has its own Education Officer.
Dr Zahi Hawass is Secretary General of the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities and director of the excavations at Giza. His personal website gives information on Egyptian antiquities and particularly the work by this scholar. There are articles covering a range of subjects relating to ancient Egypt, as well as a biography. Many of the pages are richly illustrated with photographs and diagrams illustrating ancient Egyptian monuments, reconstructions and artefacts; there are interactive videos and maps. Students are reminded that this is a personal website and not a general resource on Egyptology. Researchers interested in working in Egypt may want to know what is going on in Egypt in relation to antiquities; they are also likely to have to ask a permission to Dr Zahi Hawass, probably sooner than later.
The website also invites readers to become fans and subscribe to a newsletter: Dr Zahi Hawass has become a world celebrity and frequently appears in the media in relation to Egyptian antiquities and new discoveries. Here students in particular are encouraged to assess the public profile of a modern and successful archaeologists. Amateur and very young archaeologists may become fans, but anyone seriously involved in archaeology should not give in to Dr Hawass' (or any other archaeologist) celebrity status.
The central museum of the Åland Islands, the Ålands Museum was founded in 1934 and covers the archaeology, ethnology, architectural history and natural history of the area. The Åland Islands are located in the Baltic Sea, off the east coast of Sweden, and have therefore been open to influence from a number of cultures. Sections on local archaeological sites, the importance of hunting and fishing and seafaring are presented from historical and archaeological perspectives.