This online anthology of several papers given by Robert Kraft on copies of Greek Jewish scriptures contains, apart from actual texts, a number of images of fragments of the Septuagint and a short bibliography. The main scope of Kraft's site is the extent of continuity or discontinuity between Jewish scribal culture and early Christian practices at the beginning of the Christian era. 'Textual Mechanics' also lists a number of links to related sites, document lists, and bibliographic information. 'Textual Mechanics' is not the most user-friendly site you may encounter: its layout could be much improved. However, it is worth making an effort to read through this resource, as its content fully compensates for its lack in form.
The Mertens-Pack 3 database project by the University of Liège stores the information from the "Catalogue des papyrus littéraires grecs et latins", or Mertens-Pack 3, into a database powered website. The website is still under development and only partly translated in English from French; readers are advised to check the French version first. The bibliographic catalogue appears complete and can be searched by using a convenient web form; it is also possible to perform a search by selecting the name of an ancient author. For each literary work, any search in the catalogue returns the papyri containing any part of the text; the essential bibliography and when available hyperlinks to pictures. Thematic general bibliographies are available for "Alexandria docta"; "Pharmacopoea Aegyptia et Graeco-Aegyptia"; "Liber Antiquus". A few pages contain information about CEDOPAL, its activities and publications. By clicking on "Restoration of P. Leodienses" it is possible to access some information on the restoration of papyri; there is also an informative 15 minutes movie available at different quality and size. This is a very useful bibliographic and papyrological source of information for researchers, as it is the printed version of Mertens-Pack 3.
The Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists (BASP) is the official journal of the American Society of Papyrologists and this website is the free full-text online version. It is possible to browse the articles or search by keyword all editions since the first volume published in 1963 and there is an online help. Most papers are in English, though a few are in Italian. Subjects include primarily Greek and Latin texts as well as book reviews. However, the journal has also published papers on Minoan mathematics (or music); Coptic paintings; Old Nubian; mummy labels; and others. This journal is an important resource for all papyrologists.
This is the official website of the "Centro Internazionale per lo Studio dei Papiri Ercolanesi" directed by Marcello Gigante. The centre studies the library of the Villa dei Papiri in Herculaneum. The website is poor in contents with only basic information and several incomplete sections, including the English version. It includes the summaries of "Cronache Ercolanesi" and there is an extensive bibliography. This website requires Flash. The first owner of the villa appears to have been Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, but other names have been suggested. Several texts in the library were written by members of the Epicurean school of philosophy. It is known that Piso Caesoninus was a supporter of the school and he probably hosted Philodemus of whom he may have been patron. The first person to open the charred papyri and read from them was father Antonio Piaggio, an expert from the Vatican Library who invented a device for the purpose. Large parts of the villa are yet to be excavated, including the supposed Latin library. Only a few texts have been read so far given their poor state of preservation; some of the papyri were already centuries old on 79 AD, when the villa was destroyed by the eruption of the Vesuvius.
'Dead Sea Scrolls and Qumran' offers a treasure of information about the Dead Sea Scrolls themselves and the context in which they were written. Mitchell Hoselton has created a site which combines his own knowledge and material on the field with that of other electronic resources, which make these pages a gateway to other sites as well as a very useful secondary source in its own right. Among the most interesting contents are the inventory of caves; the timelines; ancient and modern profiles (short biographies); the glossary; and the bibliography. His links include images, bibliographies, and URLs of major academic departments and centres studying the Scrolls, although unfortunately the list does not appear to have been updated recently, resulting in some broken links.
The Duke Papyrus Archive website provides access to images of and information about papyri from Egypt, dating mostly to the period of Greek and Roman control (between the 4th century BCE and the 7th century CE). The Archive contains details of around 1,400 papyri. In addition, there are a number of introductory articles relating to papyri and ancient Egypt, together with bibliographies.
The catalogue is searched via Duke University's online library catalogue. Individual records contain details of the material, notes, and subject headings. Images of the catalogued papyrus are available both as 72dpi and 150dpi colour resolutions. To assist in finding papyri of interest the Archive have put together a number of topics (such as cultural aspects, religious aspects, women and children), which bring together papyri relating to each topic. Papyri have also been gathered by language, including Coptic, Greek, Latin, Arabic, Demotic and Hieratic. Additionally, the project has documented the process of digitising and cataloguing the papyri, which is in itself a useful resource. There is also a set of links relating to other papyri collections and papyri research.
The Religious Aspects page is part of the Duke Papyrus Archive website, and offers over a hundred enlargable images of papyri which relate to religion in some way. The list is divided into categories for ease of use. The most substantial sections cover manuscripts related to paganism and early Christianity, but there are also works referring to magical practices, astrology, Hinduism, and Islam. Each papyrus is accompanied by brief notes on its type, size, script, date, provenance, and content. Most of the texts are in Greek or Coptic, with a few in Arabic or other languages.
The Great Isaiah Scroll website concerns one of the Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered in the caves at Qumran. The scroll dates from around 100 B.C. and contains the complete text of the biblical book of Isaiah. This site provides quality images of the scroll, column by column, each accompanied by an English translation and a transcription into modern Hebrew. Also given is a description of the physical characteristics of each scroll section, and information about differences between the Qumran text and the Masoretic version of Isaiah (that is, the version on which the standard biblical text has traditionally been based). An interesting resource for those wishing to learn more about the Dead Sea Scrolls.
The website 'Institut für Altegeschichte und Altertumskunde, Papyrologie und Epigraphik' is the homepage of the Department of Ancient History and Civilisations, Papyrology and Epigraphy at the University of Vienna. It is one of five departments and one institute which offer courses and special studies in history at this university. Founded in 1876, but with roots running back to 1850, the department lists affiliated faculty and researchers, along with their publications. Past, current and upcoming courses are posted, as well as online discussion forums and special talks and seminars. Some syllabi are available as downloads. The department lists the grants and funding bodies that support its students. There is a link to the department's special library collection, which features an online catalogue with a search function that will interest researchers. Catalogues for papyri and epigraphy can be downloaded directly. There is a good links list with bibliographical information.
The International Society for Arabic Papyrology (ISAP) aims to promote research into Arabic papyrology and to provide a forum for scholars to exchange information and ideas on the subject. The Society's website includes: a list of Society publications and projects; a bibliography of editions of Arabic documentary texts (called Checklist); a list of members, giving their specific research interests in many cases; Society statues; information about conferences; a list of major collections holding Arabic documents; and a membership form for those wishing to join the Society.
The Internet Ancient History Resource Guide is produced by the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History of Europe at Ghent University (Belgium). Acting as starting point for searches on Ancient Greek or Roman topics, the Internet Ancient History Resource Guide is especially useful for novice web-surfers thanks to an introductory 'Getting Started' section. Pages listing annotated links to Internet resources for a range of topics including: epigraphy; papyrology; numismatics; cartography; and art and architecture; and archaeological/material sources are provided. Online reference works and tools, research fora and discussion groups, and teaching resources are also listed, together with listings of literature sources, including publishers' catalogues and library catalogues.
The Early Gospels website is partly a gateway to other webpages, and partly the outcome of the author's own extensive project on the categorisation, wider context and significance of the so-called 'apocrypha', non-canonical accounts of Christ's life and sayings. The four biblical gospels concerning the life and teachings of Christ are not the only sources of information about Jesus that were available to early Christian communities. During the last two centuries, archaeologists, New Testament scholars, and historians of the early church have made considerable progress in recovering many of the lost gospels. This site is an online resource featuring introductions, fresh translations, and links to canonical, non-canonical and hypothetical gospels from the first two centuries. Each category discusses the different manuscripts extant (or not extant) and part of the text can be viewed in Greek transcription with interlinear translation. The site is intended for scholars, students, and laymen interested in primary texts pertaining to the life of Jesus. It contains many obscure gospel fragments, as well as the only interlinear translation presently available of the Greek fragments of the Gospel of Thomas. Unfortunately the site does not appear to be updated or maintained on a regular basis, but nevertheless this resource, which also contains a bibliography and a FAQ section explaining the author's methodology, provides a scholarly, comprehensive introduction to this area of New Testament studies.
This resource is the home page of the international Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, based at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The main aim of this site is to inform the reader on the Center's research and teaching programmes, its bibliographic resources and the state of its scholarship. Apart from programme outlines and calendars of papers and publications, this page provides an excellent and frequently updated bibliography on the Dead Sea Scrolls, including works in more than ten languages. A separate list of suggested introductory reading is provided in the beginner's guide to the Scrolls. The site also offers a 'tour' of one of the caves at Qumran, complete with aerial photographs and pictures and descriptions of some of the manuscript finds. Finally, it provides details of a discussion list (g-Megillot), and has a page with links to related sites.
This website publishes the collection of ancient papyri conserved at the University of Cologne. There is a short description of the collection and its history. For each fragment of papyrus, there is a picture (both sides), a short bibliography and basic data such as inventory number, year and dimensions. Most texts are written in Greek, and there are several fragments of Homer's works. This is a specialist resource that only papyrologists may find useful.
The Oxyrhynchus Papyri Project is putting online the corpus of ancient papyri excavated from Oxyrhynchus (Al-Bashnasa in Egypt) by Bernard Grenfell and Arthur Hunt since the late nineteenth century. The Project has an online table of contents for volumes 1, 2, 7, and 11-72 of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri. The user may search by keyword, author, date, title, genre or papyrus ID, and is then presented with images of the relevant papyrus and a reference to the volume of POxy in which it has been published. Images are available as either 150 dpi or 300 dpi resolution. Each papyrus record includes location information, editorial details, and notes. The Project's website also includes an introduction to Oxyrhynchus and the excavations; details of how the papyri were digitized; as well as articles on papyrology, and information about the Project's work in imaging and classifying the papyri; features on individual papyri; and the text of media reports relating to the collection. This extensive database is an excellent resource for students and researchers of papyrology.
An online guide to the extensive papyrus collections of Princeton University housed in the Harvey S. Firestone Memorial Library providing outline information on more than 1600 items ranging in date form the 4th century BC to the 7th century AD in Greek, Latin, Egyptian (in hieroglyphic, hieratic, demotic scripts), Coptic and Arabic. The resource provides a brief overview of the history and content of the collection with succinct details of individual texts (many of which are unpublished). Also featured is a selection of digital images of important papyri including portions of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, the New Testament and Arabic magical texts together with fragments of Greek texts by Homer, Isocrates, Demosthenes and Theocritus as well as letters and official documents. Apart from students of papyrology and related subjects, this resource will benefit a wide range of students and specialist researchers working in the specific areas to which individual bodies of texts belong.
Scrolls from the Dead Sea is an online exhibit based on the Dead Sea Scroll exhibition held at the Library of Congress, Washington DC in 1993. In spite of its rather primitive layout and sometimes outdated bibliographical references (users should note that the dominant scholarly opinion has shifted since the site was written), it provides valuable information not just about the Scrolls themselves, but also about the Qumran community, about archaeological finds in the area and about the Scrolls' impact on contemporary Jewish and Christian thought. The site includes images of Scroll fragments accompanied by translations of the text, a map of the region, a glossary, resources for teachers and a bibliography.
Trismegistos is an online 'platform' or service which enables the cross-searching of a variety of projects dealing with metadata of published documents relating to the study of late period Egypt (roughly 800 BCE - 800 CE). The aim of this developing service is to overcome any barriers of language and discipline in the study of documents written not only in Greek, Latin, and Egyptian in its various scripts, but also in Aramaic, Carian, and other languages. In total it contains nearly 100,000 records. The basis of the online resource is a searchable database, of collections of papyrological and epigraphic texts by the Leuven Homepage of Papyrus Collections and the project Multilingualism and Multiculturalism in Graeco-Roman Egypt. The 'Leuven home page of papyrus collections' is a comprehensive and invaluable database of information on collections of papyrus and ostraca from the ancient Mediterranean world (circa 2000 B.C.- circa 500 A.D.) scattered in almost 30 countries and 350 institutions. It includes contact details and URLs of many of the scholars and institutions active in papyrological research. The database appears to be an on-going project and the level of detail and number of links listed for individual collections vary considerably. There is a straightforward keyword search but the collection can also be browsed by country of origin, by institution and, where known, by archive provenance. References to literary papyri are cross-linked with the Leuven Database of Ancient Books (LDAB), though this is not immediately apparent. Several useful sections describe and contextualise public and private archives in antiquity and describe how they have survived and come down to us in the modern world. Many of the entries on individual institutions also provide brief accounts of their collection history in addition to summaries of past and present research projects. This is a valuable resource, particularly as a gateway site, for researchers in archaeology and Egyptology, ancient history, classics and biblical studies who are interested in papyri and related materials.
The West Semitic Research Project at the University of Southern California's School of Religion, directed by Bruce Zuckerman, aims to facilitate the study of ancient texts by developing a database system using advanced photographic and computer imaging techniques. The project's website is intended for students, teachers and researchers and features both educational and scholarly sections. The educational section provides images and notes relating to non-biblical inscriptions and documents which assist in understanding the Bible; biblical manuscripts, represented by the Leningrad Codex; the Dead Sea Scrolls; and photographs and images from other collections and historic sites. The scholarly site is intended to make available high resolution images from the West Semitic Research project, particularly in the languages and scripts of Northwest Semitic. At the time of writing the database did not contain images, though catalogue records describing the language, script, type of object were available (and images may be obtained by application to the project). A related project, InscriptiFact, is building a database of high resolution images. Information (mainly lists) about other holdings is also available, with subjects including: Assyriological texts; Elephantine papyri; Syrus Siniaticus. Of particular interest to scholars working with digital images will be the Adobe Photoshop Scholar's Manual for working with digital inscriptions. Users must register with the site in order gain access to some of its resources.
Wellcome Images is an online collection of pictures focusing on medicine, its practice, healthcare and biosciences published by The Wellcome Trust. Many images have significant historical value and there pictures of several written documents such as fragments of Hippocratic oath; the Johnson Papyrus (herbal); Egyptian Book of the Dead; Egyptian Bryce papyrus; and many others. There are also several images of ancient artefacts such as Egyptian frescoes; a Karo-Batak inscription on bone; a Sudanese amulet; and others. Some images document also the medical practices throughout time and across the world. It is possible to access a larger version of the images by clicking on them. This is not a comprehensive collection of pictures on any specific theme, and is aimed principally to student and teachers as an aid to prepare lectures and essays. All images are beautiful and browsing them is recommended even to people not specifically interested in the history of medicine. Researchers may ask for new pictures to be taken from the Wellcome Library; everybody can order prints.
This is the website of the Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, an international journal of Greek and Roman antiquity focusing on research into epigraphic and papyrological material. This resource provides a guide to the contents of the journal from 1967 to the present together with the digitised texts of articles from 2001-2004 which are available free of charge for private study (free volumes made available might vary from year to year). The indexes of most volumes can be browsed in PDF format. The reproduced articles are in German, English, French and Italian.Information on the print version of the journal is also provided, such as editorial advice for authors and subscription details.This website provides useful a bibliographic guide to publications in an important classics and ancient history journal for university students and researchers, particularly for those competent in European languages.