For anyone who has struggled with the considerable variation in Latin nomenclature, the website of the Bibliographic Standards Committee (BSC) : Latin Place Names will help with the process of identifying towns, cities and other locations. Developed and maintained by Robert Maxwell (Brigham Young University and Chair BSC), the site contains an online alphabetical database of locations in their Latin forms which are then cross-indexed with modern vernacular forms. The forms are those found in books printed before 1801. Variations in spelling are handled through a series of links which always return the user to the one of the more common linguistic forms. The site also provides a few links to other related resources on place names.
This website presents research on the geography of Roman Gaul, in particular on the south-west of the region, by Ralph Mathisen of the University of South Carolina. Locations are listed alphabetically, by ancient Roman province and modern Department, and by site type (such as settlements, sanctuaries, cemeteries, mines and quarries, bridges, aqueducts and roads etc), stages on ancient route maps such as the Antonine Itinerary, the Bordeaux Pilgrim and the Peutinger Table. Full bibliographic citations of each site are also provided. The site was last updated in 2002 and lacks a map of the region which reduces its utility to less experienced learners such as undergraduates, though this resource will benefit more knowledgeable researchers in the field of ancient history and classical archaeology.
The Interactive Ancient Mediterranean (IAM) website is an online atlas aimed at students and teachers who have need of a knowledge of classical geography. The website's 'map room' provides access to maps of the following areas: the Aegean Sea and Greece; Africa; Asia Minor; Britain and Ireland; Northern Gaul; the Iberian peninsula; the Italian peninsula; the Levantine coast; and the Mediterranean basin. These are available to view as high resolution PDF files. There is also information about the project itself, as well as links to other online topographical resources for the ancient world.
This is the website of the Lexicon of Greek Personal Names (LGPN) which is an ongoing project based at Oxford University, but using the expertise of scholars from several institutions across the world. It is an onomastic project, dealing with the study of ancient proper names and their origins. Its aim is to collect and publish all known ancient Greek personal names, drawn from all available sources; it encompasses all names recorded in Greek, and all Greek names recorded in Latin, from the beginnings of Greek writing to approximately the 6th century AD. Volumes are organised geographically, covering all regions in which Greek names were used, from Italy to Southern Russia to Asia Minor. The website offers: bibliographic data, reviews, statistics, and state-of-completion information for all current and forthcoming volumes of the LGPN; an introductory section on Greek names, including information on name formation and meaning, and also some details on modern Greek names; and an extensive archive of images of material objects with inscribed names (for example, tombstones, vases, inscriptions, ostraka and coins). The website does have a search tool which allows the user to ascertain how many times a particular name occurs in each of the LGPN's published volumes; however, only the statistics rather than the entries themselves can be viewed by those accessing the site from outside Oxford University.
The Montgomeryshire Placename Database contains over 10,000 modern and 23,000 associated placenames for the county of Montgomeryshire and was complied between 1987 and 1998 by members of the Powysland Club. The database is primarily designed to provide historical information on modern placenames and can be searched using a full placename or element, parish or six figure grid reference. The database provides information on two distinct levels: detailed geographical information and notes on modern 'top-level' placenames and historical information, notes and provenance on past related placenames.
This website publishes research carried out by several Scottish universities and institutions on all the places in the Northern Isles of Scotland (Orkney and Shetland) and Caithness which have the name Papay, meaning 'the island of the priests' and Papil, meaning 'the settlement of the priests'. The location, environment, and toponyms (place names) of such sites are taken into consideration for the first time in an attempt to understand the use and practical meaning of the terms. Individual sites can be browsed using menus or accessed through maps. For each site, researchers have collected information on the local ecclesiastical history and on archaeological antiquities. The preliminary report is also available in PDF format, and includes a useful bibliography. Researchers intend to extend the study to the rest of Scotland. The project has benefited from financial awards and support from the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland and The Russell Trust.
The website for the project "Prosopography of the Byzantine World" (PBW) formerly known as the "Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire" (PBE) provides details about a database compiled on individuals mentioned in Byzantine sources. It is the aim of the project to produce a computerised database with information on the ethnicity, offices, activities, and other attributes of individuals mentioned, gathered from a wide range of sources in Greek, Latin, Arabic, Syriac and other languages. This site is excellent for students, teachers, and researchers, and covers the period from 641 to 1261. The first volume of the project is already available on CD and covers the period between 641-867. The site also provides information on sigillography, with links to online catalogues and descriptions of seals from collections in Greece, Turkey, the UK, the US, Germany, Italy, Romania, and Bulgaria among others. Links to academic departments and centres, prosopographical projects and Byzantine research projects are listed on a separate page. The project is funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Resource Enhancement and the Research Grants schemes.
This website provides details of a project which aims to “bring together local history and archaeology groups” currently studying the origins of their local places. It aims to provide advice and tools to enable these groups to do comparable studies of their areas, allowing results to be compiled into an extensive database. The hope is that this aggregation of data can transform the study of village origins. The website outlines the project, and is beginning to offer information which would be useful to groups participating: field study guides, thoughts on some common placenames and links to further useful resources. The project originated from a 2009 series of AHRC-funded workshops, which explored attitudes to landscape and changes in settlements and land-use in the Anglo-Saxon period in English history, as evidenced in place-names.
The British section of the manuscript known as "The Ravenna Cosmography" records the place names of Britain during the Roman occupation. The Cosmography's author methodically recorded the cities from western Cornwall up to Scotland. The author of this site has reconstructed the maps from which these place names were listed. The website presents an overview of the British section of The Ravenna Cosmography; transcripts of the Antonine Itineraries with maps and links to place names; Ptolemy's Geography; the Notitia Dignitatum; and the Rudge Cup and the Amiens patera. Lists of place names show variations between the sources. Each list links only to the following page making navigation back to the indexes with the transcripts difficult. This research appears to be the labour of love of a single person and reaches a highly specialised level that is suitable primarily for interested researchers.
This website features the work of the Scottish Place-name Society and the Scottish Place-name Database at the Universities of St Andrews and Edinburgh and is a valuable online resource for students and scholars in a range of historical and linguistic disciplines. The analysis of place-names has played a central part in the study of the archaeology, history and dialect of many parts of the British Isles and reveals a palimpsest of successive languages and peoples including P and Q Celtic, Anglo-Saxon, Viking and Norman. The resource includes: notes and queries on Scottish toponyms arranged county-by-county; news and reports from past and forthcoming conferences; a bookshelf of key readings and new publications in place-name studies; links to other online place-name societies and to related websites; details of the members and activities of the society. Also provided is a valuable index to W.H. Watson's seminal work The history of the Celtic place-names of Scotland first published in 1926 and edited by E.J. Basden which is available as a PDF file as well as online portions of Watson's text (Lothian, Dumfries and Galloway, Ayrshire and Strathclyde and Scotland North of the Forth) which preserves the original pagination.