Acta Terrae Septemcastrensis is a full-text journal focusing on the archaeology of Romania. Individual papers or entire volumes in PDF format are available; papers are published in either English, French, German and Romanian. There are papers focusing on the Eneolithic Cucuteni culture; Bronze Age Transylvania; Iron Age Thracians and Scythians; Roman Dacia; and Romanian Middle Ages. Special volume V, 1 concentrates on funerary archaeology and includes also papers on iconography; symbolism and Byzantine Antikythira, Greece.
The American Numismatic Society (ANS) is an institution of international standing whose aim is to promote the study of coins, medals and related objects within their social, cultural context and economic contexts. The website provides a wide range of information on the aims, activities, structure, publications and history of the Society, in addition to a series of online resources of interest to students and researchers of ancient, mediaeval and modern coinage and economic history. The society's vast collection of 800,000 coins can be searched with the help of a detailed search engine which provides full descriptions and, in many cases, good quality images which can also be purchased from the Society. There is also a guide to individual departments of the Society and to the scholars who curate them along with some bibliographic material on specific areas of numismatics. On-line resources include annotated bibliographies of numismatic interest sorted by author and subject with past issues available as an archive XML file, together with a series of experimental online publications with high quality illustrations on various themes such as a history of money, a potted account of Roman coinage, and a guide to numismatic terms and methods. A substantial page of links to other numismatic websites provides a excellent set of further resources and guides to national and private collections. The website also hosts the International Numismatic Commission or Commission International de Numismatique, an excellent source of information on many aspects of coinages including histories of collections, bibliographies of leading numismatists and national laws on antiquities.
This is the website of Ancient Coins for Education (ACE), a non-profit organisation in the United States of America which encourages the 'hands-on' use of numismatics as a way of teaching students about the ancient (Greek, Roman and Byzantine) world. Although the project deals primarily with middle and high schools, the site contains some resources which would also be of value to tutors or students in higher education. As well as giving details of ACE's projects and activities, the site provides a range of teaching resources, including lesson and study plans, based around the theme of ancient coinage, as well as detailed background information on related topics. The website as a whole is rather difficult to navigate, but clicking on the 'Teacher Resources' link reveals a wealth of information on coinage and related subjects. Topics which are covered include: the evolution of Roman coinage; weights and measures; denominations of coins; costs and wages in the ancient world; Roman inscriptions; and ancient mythology. The site also provides annotated links to other online resources which may be of interest.
The Ancient Greek and Roman coins website is written from the perspective of a collector, but is nevertheless a very informative and detailed site which is particularly useful for those who are new to numismatics. An introductory section on the 'vocabulary of ancient coins' gives detailed information about what to look out for when examining coins from different ancient periods. There are also detailed secions on Roman coins (arranged chronologically from the Republic to the fifth century AD and Greek coins (covering the Athenian empire, Alexander the Great, the Ptolemies, and the Greek cities under the Roman empire). There are also (smaller) sections on Eastern empires (Parthia and Persia) as well as the Byzantine period. The site also features information on a miscellany of other topics aimed primarily at those wishing to collect and photograph coins. It is richly illustrated throughout, and the accounts of the coins are very detailed - the historical background is explained as well as information about the particular coins in question.
This website contains a selection of the free online ‘Occasional Papers’ published by the British Museum. At the time of writing, these (the result of specific research into the museum’s collections) were varied in range and included: ‘A researcher's guide to the Lachish collection in the British Museum’ covering the 17,000 objects from the 1930s British excavations at Lachish in Israel; ‘Sir Aurel Stein, proceedings of the British Museum study day’ a useful reference for the study of the “scholar, explorer, author”; ‘Albrecht Dürer and his Legacy ‘, the result of a conference accompanying the landmark 2002 exhibition of the same name; ‘Cleaning and Controversy: The Parthenon Sculptures 1811-1939’ a study of the controversial 1930s cleaning of the Elgin marbles, and the historical context of this; ‘Development and evaluation of the HSBC Money Gallery at the British Museum’ a narration the creation of a new and important gallery at the museum, and a study of its impact; ‘Access to Museum Culture: the British Museum from 1753 to 1836’ a study of the early access arrangements to the museum’s collections. Each of these PDF documents is broken down by chapter for ease of reference and speed of download.
This website brings together material at the British Museum of interest to researchers. Of particular note are the details of individual research projects, which include a vast range of subjects in the fields of archaeology, art history, anthropology, world cultures and museology. Additionally, the website makes available a limited number of fulltext research publications as well as bibliographic details of all the museums publications, including the fulltext online journal British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan. The pages also include a link to the Museum’s online collections database of its two dimensional pictorial art holdings, and details of the Museum's own archives and Paul Hamlyn reference library.
The Celtic Coin Index is an online database of Celtic coins found in Britain. The database contains over 32,000 records and images, and continues to grow. There are plans to expand the database to include continental Celtic coins. The database may be searched using a Boolean keyword search or by using various pre-defined categories. Searches return information about the coins, their provenance and location, analytical details, and details of the inscriptions, with a greyscale image of the obverse and reverse sides of the coin. Whilst not all record fields have been completed for all specimens, the level of detail that the online catalogue can provide is impressive. An alternative interface allows the database to be browsed by geographic region and Celtic tribe. The website also features an extensive publications list, a short list of links to other websites, and a helpful FAQ section.
This website is the online version of John Hooker's academic book 'Celtic Improvisations' (2000). Therefore, contained here is the entire book online and it presents an art historical analysis of the Coriosolite coinage from Iron Age Brittany. The Coriosolites were one of several tribes in that area who issued a large number of coins at the time of Roman campaigns in Gaul under Julius Caesar. The online resource divides into nine chapters of text with some added maps, chronological charts, line drawings of small details, and a detailed bibliography. The emphasis is on artistic and symbolic content while drawing on other fields as necessary. The first five chapters of the book deal with the art historical analysis and typology of the coins and concentrates on small differences in the symbols upon them. Chapters’ six to nine (more interesting for non-numismatists) is a wider look at Iron Age Armorica (Brittany), which includes aspects of religion, the gods, neighbouring tribes and Brittany's role in trade and exchange. The site, which has been awarded a StudyWeb academic excellence award, is well laid-out, easy to navigate, and has some excellent images of Coriosolite coins. This resource includes a link to Coriosolite expert system pages and to the Hooker and Perron homepage.
The checklist of Coin Hoards in the British Isles provides details and bibliographic references on over 400 coin hoards found in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The checklist is presented as a single HTML table with hyperlinks to principal sources as well as more general bibliographic references. The resource is essentially a revised and extended version of an original article by Mark Blackburn and Hugh Pagan - itself a revision of an earlier hoard listing by Michael Dolley - and contains 102 new hoards together with corrections to existing entries. The checklist website is simply set out and the home page contains useful introductory text on the development and history of the checklist. A note on the checklist's arrangement is provided in a pop-up window, allowing it to be accessed while the browsing the list itself (there are no column headings on the list), and links are also provided to the Early Medieval Corpus of Coin Finds dataset (also held by the Fitzwilliam Museum) as well as the Fitzwilliam Museum Coins and Medals department. Navigation of the list itself requires the use of frames within the browser window though no significant plug-ins are required. Users are advised to open the checklist itself in a new browser window as there appears to be no way to navigate back to the project main page other than the browser 'back' button.
This is a website detailing the collection of coins from the ancient Greek city of Ephesus in the Museum of Ancient Cultures in Macquarie University; it is presented as a study aid for students of ancient history and related subjects but also for the interest of the general public. Ephesus was famous throughout classical antiquity for its great temple of Artemis, which no doubt contributed to the prosperity of the city, but the site is also important for producing the earliest finds of coinage in the ancient world and from the 6th century BC was producing distinctive issues recognisible by the use of the deer and the bee as symbols of the polis. The website consists of a series of 10 illustrated chapters outlining the history, iconography and cultural and religious symbolism of the coinage of Ephesus. There are also chapters on women from the ruling class in Ephesus, the relationship between the city and its neighbours (and ultimately with the expanding Roman republic), and on the temple and cult of Ephesian Artemis, together with a succinct bibliography. Finally, there is also an interactive gallery of the coins themselves. The result is a fascinating social, economic and political history as reflected in its monetary issues.
'Coins of England and Great Britain' is a huge resource focussed on the history and description of British coins issued from the Norman Conquest to the present day. The resource consists of a highly comprehensive number of descriptive articles, ordered by either coin denomination or metal and size, alongside a huge number of detailed photographs. The coin descriptions themselves include a brief history of each denomination, issue and type together with descriptions of the major characteristics and inscriptions of each coin. Aside from descriptions of specific coins, the resource also contains a number of articles on more general issues such as how to grade the condition of coins and the story of the change to decimal coinage. The "Coins of England and Great Britain" is a well-designed and easy to use website. The website has been designed specifically with the coin images separate from the descriptive text to allow fast loading and accessible browsing of the site. The data is well organised and can be accessed in a number of ways. The website itself has been well maintained with regular updates.
This comprehensive "Coriosolite Expert System" website is the index page for John Hooker's research into the Celtic coinage of the Coriosolites. Indeed, the Coriosolites were one of several tribes in Iron Age Brittany, France, who issued a large number of coins at the time of the Roman campaigns in Gaul under Julius Caesar. Despite the complicated structure of the resource, it is divided into several sections. The introduction provides brief information on the Coriosolites, and a background to the art historical analysis that is presented on the rest of the pages. Topic pages then introduce different areas of research. One of the links provides an account of the discovery of the "La Marquanderie Hoard" of Coriosolite coins in 1935. The symbols and myths section explains the meaning of common symbols on the coins including the boar, lyre, and banner. Included in this resource is an online link to the chapter index page of John Hooker's book "Celtic Improvisations", which presents a detailed art-historical analysis of Coriosolite coins. In addition, there is also a quick link to the introduction of this book in the section called "The scope of the study". Moreover, the science section provides information and activities on the theoretical and practical application of science to numismatics (the study of coins) and the link to the expert system enables browsers to help identify Coriosolite coins by using the art-historical system researched by the author.
Erétria on the island of Euboea was an important settlement during the Mycenaean, Greek and Roman period. This website summarises the results of the ongoing excavations by the Swiss Archaeological School in Greece. There is a gallery of pictures including both monumental remains and artefacts (such as mosaics); the large high definition pictures are in JPEG CMYK format suitable for press printing and should be downloaded and opened with a specialist program, most browsers will return an error when attempting to open them. Section "theater" by Elisa Ferroni is in German only and publishes the results of a test pit in the area of the theatre, it includes a map; a report on the stratigraphy of the theatre; a detailed report that summarises with drawings and pictures all typical shapes of pottery encountered in the stratigraphy; and a short article suggesting a date for the strata based upon all other studies. There is a timeline (chronology) and a short illustrated article on the landscape. Section "history" publishes a set of illustrated articles each focussing on a period of the settlement of Erétria. Of particular interest are the Early Helladic potter's kiln and the 8th century BC tomb called "Heroon", where a funerary bronze cauldron was found. The town flourished since the Archaic period, and was sacked by the Persians of King Darius in 490 BC, just before the battle of Marathon, and then in 411 BC the town switched side from the Athenians to the Spartans and in the eponymous battle of Eretria the Athenian fleet was destroyed. Philosopher Menedemos was born at Eretria. There articles on the literary sources mentioning the town and epigraphic studies. A large section focuses on numismatics with an article by Monica Brunner and a gallery of pictures in "coins of Eretria"; a separate Euboean coins database which contains information on over 600 Euboean coins recently sold at an auction; it is still possible to access the pages of the auction and access the prices of sale that may be useful in studies of the trade of antiquities. The database contains all inscriptions on coins. There is an extensive bibliography on Euboean coins. On the website of the Swiss Archaeological School in Greece there is also a bibliographic database specialising on Eretria. If a hyperlink appears broken, it might be worth retrying a few times to click on the original link; there were problems with the server at the time of review.
This site provides an attractively illustrated introduction to the coins and measures of Judaea from early times until the crusader period with historical background and a useful basic bibliography. Before the adoption of Greek and, later, Persian coins (or 'darics') in the 7th-4th centuries BC, a sophisticated system of inscribed weights, based on the unit of the Shekel, was used in Jewish areas. The first Judaean issues proper were not struck until the 4th century BC under Persian and Seleucid licence and were based on the widely used Athenian owls or Persian modes. The Seleucid Antiochus VII also struck hybrid Syrian-Jewish issues in the later 2nd century. The first properly 'Jewish' coins, with Hebrew inscriptions and lacking the portrait heads of earlier issues for religious reasons, did not appear until the time of John Hyrcanus (135-104 BC) and his successors when Judaea became fully independent. The series of coins from the reign of the Herodian dynasty and the Roman conquest down to the Late Empire and Byzantine period provide a fascinating potted history of Judaea as well as important insights on economic and iconographic matters. There is also a short section on the revival of coins of Israel in the 20th century, both in the Mandate period and after independence in 1948. The resource is part of the Jewish History Ring published by Amuseum.org (The Jewish Museum in Cyberspace) and associated with the American Jewish Historical Society. It is a useful complementary source for students of ancient history and archaeology working in the East Mediterranean or those studying general numismatics as well as an attractive introduction for the interested amateur.
The House of Ptolemy is a resource guide, intended as a study aid and to provide bibliographical material for students of Greco-Roman Egypt. The main focus of the site, as its name suggests, is the period of the Ptolemaic kings (331 BCE - 30 BCE), descendants of Macedonian Greeks. There are also compendious sections on Roman, Byzantine and modern Egypt. Within these periods, links are arranged by theme into sets and subsets, in a fashion that is generally clear and efficient. Topics covered include: historical overviews; Ptolemaic numismatics; Ptolemaic genealogy and king lists; the transition to Roman provincial Egypt; the city of Alexandria; the culture of Ptolemaic Egypt; the Ptolemaic empire outside Egypt; the Jews of Egypt. Most of the links are presented with a comment from the site's author: this is a personal list, not a faculty or institutional webpage. The selection of items is therefore prone to subjectivity and its completeness cannot be guaranteed; furthermore, material of widely varying intellectual depth, rigour, and specialisation is included among the links. At the time of writing this review, the site was last updated in 2002 - this meant that some of the links were no longer functional. Nonetheless, there is a wealth of material here, well organised; the numerous awards garnered by the page indicate its worth. This site is a useful starting point for students.
The "Institute for Cultural Memory" website is large portal on the archaeology; cultural heritage; ethnography; history; numismatics; and performing arts of Romania. The website contains an interactive map with most archaeological sites and museums plotted; several special sections on Romanian archaeology (including an archive on the history of Romanian archaeology; national reports of all archaeological excavations in Romania since 1999; articles on "Dacian fortresses from the area of Sarmizegetusa", the Getic fortresses at Coţofeni and Bâzdâna, a sacred pit (bothros) of ancient god Apollo Iatros, Roman Dacia, including Tropaeum Traiani and Histria in Constanţa County, and the capital Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa); the full-text issues of "Dacia, Revue d'archéologie et d'histoire ancienne" from 1924 to 1948; several articles on medieval sites; publications such as "Anthropomorphic bronze statuettes from Dacia" and CD-ROM "An Aeneolithic Civilisation: Gumelniţa"; documents on rescue and field archaeology in Romania. Section "monuments" focuses especially on churches ("The places of worship in Romania" is a database containing about 18000 records of churches with texts and colour photographs), but there are also long illustrated articles on other topics such as the medieval castles in the Arad County and the Art Nouveau stained glass windows at Oradea. There is a searchable list of Romanian museums and the DOCPAT (museum management) software in section "museums". Section "history" concentrates on modern events; sections "numismatics" contains historical introductions and details of ancient hoards discovered in Romania and modern coinage. Section "performing arts" summarises all recent musical and theatrical performances in Romania with two comprehensive databases: "Online History of Theatre Performances in Romania" and "Romanian Musical Theatre Repertory". A blog ("blogger") keeps readers informed of recent updates to this website and acts as an informal discussion forum.
The Internet Ancient History Resource Guide is produced by the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History of Europe at Ghent University (Belgium). Acting as starting point for searches on Ancient Greek or Roman topics, the Internet Ancient History Resource Guide is especially useful for novice web-surfers thanks to an introductory 'Getting Started' section. Pages listing annotated links to Internet resources for a range of topics including: epigraphy; papyrology; numismatics; cartography; and art and architecture; and archaeological/material sources are provided. Online reference works and tools, research fora and discussion groups, and teaching resources are also listed, together with listings of literature sources, including publishers' catalogues and library catalogues.
Named after the horn-bearing god of the Continental Celts, this site is devoted to Celtic numismatics. The pictures of coins, which can be downloaded for free, are classified by subjects such as warriors and bards. Informative and concise picture-essays trace the development of Celtic numismatics, in particular Greek and Roman influences; they also discuss what coins reveal about Celtic life and culture. The site supplies an online database version of Henri de la Tour's 'Atlas de monnaies gauloises'. Furthermore, there are sections devoted to Indo-European and Celtic deities; to Greek and Roman numismatics; and, a bit incongruously, to stamps bearing the image of Queen Victoria.
This is the website of the Manchester Museum, part of the University of Manchester, and a major public Museum in Manchester, UK. The Museum, with its origins in the 18th Century, encompasses a huge range of artefacts, specimens and objects (some 4.25 million) and includes important collections of anthropology; archaeology; archery; Egyptology; geology; human remains; natural history; numismatics; palaeontology. The website describes the collections in more detail (as well as showcasing highlights from them) and the museum's online catalogue can be searched. Further areas of interest include links to the Museum’s research (related to both its collections, practice and the institution’s own history), staff and extensive community outreach work. As a university museum, the Manchester Museum receives some core funding from the AHRC.
The website of the "Medieval European Coinage" project provides a brief overview of the project and its participants. The site is useful for those interested in European numismatics from the historical aspect, or history. This international collaboration is in the process of publishing a seventeen volume work spanning European coinage from c.450 CE to c.1500 CE. It is arranged by region and draws upon the knowledge of the foremost experts in the field from all areas of Europe. It is the first new work of this type for a century and will be accompanied by a fully-illustrated catalogue of the coins in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.The website provides a list of the volumes with an indication as to what stage of publication they are at, details of those working on the project, and acknowledgements of financial support. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Research Grants scheme.
This is the free and full-text online version of the Mémoires de la Société française de numismatique et d'archéologie, a French journal that published several notices and reports of early archaeological excavations. The past issues have been scanned for electronic publication. As is the case for all older publications, readers need to watch out for outdated information. The records and reports of old excavations, however, are irreplaceable and may be useful to both advanced students and researchers. The interface of the website makes easy searching through the journal, and it is possible with a free registration to add this and many other similar journal and older monographs to a private virtual space for easy retrieval. It is an excellent resource since the printed publication is now available only at a few libraries.
The virtual Achaemenid museum is a multimedia-rich interactive website focusing on the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 560 to 330 BC), also known as Persian Empire. The website publishes a database of artefacts from several museums representing a broad selection of categories and archaeological sites of provenance. It is possible to browse the artefacts in the "consultation" section by museum; archaeological site; category; or iconographic theme. A large sub-section publishes drawings by early travellers to the region. Any object can be saved as link in a special section, "my archive". Section "discovery" publishes a few audio and video presentations of key topics such as the "The Middle-East 550 B.C."; "Cyrus' conquests"; and "Pasargades". The help section is also a brief multimedia presentation and it is very useful to familiarise with the interface. At the bottom left there is a menu which allows to perform keyword searches, to add and access the records saved in "my archive" and to jump to any previously accessed record. For each record there are a few textual details and generally at least one picture, often more than one. Captions and texts change according to the picture displayed, and therefore multiple records may be available for a single object, one for each available photograph or drawing. At the top of each picture there is a menu labelled "tools", which allows zooming; reversing colours; transforming to greyscale; pan; copy; and paste pictures. Among the categories are buildings (architectures); coins; paintings; statues; vessels (both ceramic and metal vessels); and others.
The Normans, three centuries of achievement, 911 - 1204, is a website created by the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge University, to accompany an exhibition of the same name held in 2004 which followed fortunes of the Normans in England, Sicily and Southern Italy. The website and exhibition were based on Dr William Conte's collection of Norman coins, which is in the Fitzwilliam's holdings. The site covers the following main areas: Scandinavian Homelands and Settlements Overseas; The Normans in Sicily and Southern Italy; The Norman Conquest; The Anarchy of the Reign of Stephen and Hoards and Site Finds. These sections trace the origins of the Normans and their rise and fall, including: the reigns of Robert Guiscard and Roger I in Sicily; William the Conqueror in Normandy and England and the conflict between Stephen and Matilda. The events of the period are described through the lens of the history of coinage. The exhibition is likely to be of use to those with an interest in numismatic history, as well as those looking for an overview of the Normans themselves. Each section is divided into sub-sections that include images of the coins, with brief descriptions setting them in their historical context. The site also includes maps illustrating the scope of Norman rule in Europe. Good quality large images of the coins, without the contextualising descriptions, can be viewed in the site's Gallery. The site includes a small selection of links for Norman history, and a link to the online version of Dr William Conte's collection. The site is informative and easy to use.
'Numismatics' is a website created by an enthusiast with an interest in ancient coins: it features essays, images and weblinks relating to this topic. There are also digital reprints of classic numismatic works such as a complete illustrated edition of Barclay Head's 'Historia Numorum', first published in 1886 and one of the seminal works on Greek and Roman coinage. Also included are some 70 plates from Head's guide to the coin collection of the British Museum (with the preface to the 1895 edition) and some high resolution maps of ancient Greece. There is also a selection of plates from the British Museum's coin catalogue. The site author's own contributions include articles on the Greek alphabet, the coins of Apollonia Pontika and the Gorgon issues of Parion. These are not footnoted or referenced and lack detailed bibliographies but will interest amateurs and undergraduates who can use them alongside standard academic works on ancient numismatics. More experienced numismatists will find it a useful source of small but clear images for teaching purposes and quick reference.
The website of the Florida-based underwater archaeology commercial company "Odyssey Marine Exploration, Inc." provides information on the salvage of a variety of historic shipwreck sites such as the "Black Swan"; Firefly; "Concepcion"; the "Seattle"; the "Blue China"; SS Republic (1860s) and the HMS Sussex (1694). To access most articles it is necessary to register; registration is free and also allows to receive email updates. Each article contains a short description of the project; some pictures; and often a few video clips. There is also a section on the activities of the company, from shipwreck research and salvage to the sale of some artefacts and the risks involved in the activity. A few articles also describe the ROVs (remote operated vehicles) owned by the company.
The company operates legally according to American laws and makes most of its profits from the sale of artefacts found on ships. The sale of such artefacts is limited to those "that are not considered culturally significant". The sale of artefacts is not allowed in many countries regardless of the cultural significance of the artefacts and it is a key ethical problem for archaeologists. Students in archaeology approaching the debate on the ethics of the sale of artefacts will find this website very useful to learn about the activities made possible by current laws and make up their own mind on the ethical issues related to this subject. All readers should not forget that differing legislation in most countries will often determine the legality of such activities. The section "merchandise", the online shop of the company, can also be useful to see what is being sold and therefore would be not "culturally significant" according to the company. The company's definition of "culturally significant" is unclear and accessing the shop is the only way to understand its exact meaning; coins and glass bottles are the archaeological artefacts most frequently traded. The purchase of anything from the shop remains a personal choice. The company is open in recognising that some of its activities are appealing to broad audiences because recalling "treasure hunting" as portrayed in many literary works, but it states that it is committed to guarantee "high archaeological standards" in all its salvage operations. The company is also involved in the production of TV programmes based on its activities, and therefore it will affect the public perception of such activities. This website is an important reading for any balanced debate on modern "treasure hunting"; the commercial exploitation of archaeology; and issues of public perception of archaeology for all students as well as professional and academic archaeologists.
This website focuses on ancient Parthia and is aimed primarily at students. Parthian history is almost unknown until 53 BC, when the Parthians defeated the Roman legions that attempted the conquest of Persia. the struggle for power in Persia between Rome and Parthia continues until 224 AD, when the Sasanid Empire replaces Parthia, and continues thereafter. The Parthians were the only people who stopped the Roman expansion by repeatedly defeating Roman legions, though they also suffered several defeats themselves. There is copious historical and geographical information on the website with maps, chronological tables and some illustrations. In particular, all main historical events and locations are clearly outlined. A very interesting section focuses on Parthian coins, with tables of inscriptions and photographs. There are also some statistical analyses produced on the whole database. The author is also developing a special font, which can be downloaded along with other fonts designed for the study of ancient coins. References for all coins are provided. Photographs and details of coins sold at recent auctions are also available. This section has been authored by several people, some amateur and some academic archaeologists, and may interest researchers. There are also some pages with basic information about the art and culture of Parthia with hyperlinks to other resources. The website also includes a special section publishing the results of the ongoing archaeological excavations at Nisa. There is a search facility; an incomplete site map; a mailing list; a list of recent additions to the website; and an extensive bibliography.
The Perseus Project is a large digital library of online texts and images for the study of ancient Greece and Rome. The resources available via Perseus are extensive, including the following: primary texts (in the original ancient Greek and Latin languages as well as English translation); secondary texts relating to various aspects of the ancient world; a set of linguistic tools; and a number of large databases relating to the study of ancient archaeological sites and artefacts. The art and archaeology section of the website offers a searchable collection of art objects, sites and buildings, with descriptions and images drawn from museums worldwide. It includes architecture, sculpture, coins and vases, and provides access to supporting tools such as atlases and encyclopaedias. The study of the classical world via Perseus is further enhanced by: an interactive atlas; an extensive encyclopaedia with embedded cross-references; and a series of overview articles. The site also offers several further collections of primary and secondary texts: papyri (from the Ptolematic and Roman periods); English Renaissance texts (including all of Marlowe's works, a facsimile of the First Folio of Shakespeare's plays and other resources); London (atlas from 1780 to the present, texts about London, photographs and other materials); books on California and the Upper Midwest from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection; and documents on the history of Tufts University. Mirror sites are available in Berlin and Chicago.
"Roman Provincial Coinage Online" is a database containing photographs of Roman coins from the provinces. The database of about 45,000 coins (over 13,000 types) from the Antonine period (138-192 CE) is searchable by iconography, place, and time from "coin database". After selecting the parameters of search (intuitive, but tutorials are available), the results include a small picture of the coins and some essential information, including the town of provenance. By clicking on the picture, it is possible to access a high resolution version of the photograph, and additional data such as any inscriptions, type of metal, diameter, weight and bibliographic references. By clicking on the town name, a Flash map will show its location. It is also possible to use the mapping feature independently from the database accessing section "maps". The website also contains a referenced introduction to coinage in the Roman provinces and short biographies of the Roman emperors (including portraits in sculpture) that ordered the coinage of the coins in the database. This project has been funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and the University of Oxford.
Samnites and Samnium publishes a collection of illustrated articles by Davide Monaco, an amateur archaeologist. There are preliminary reports on the 2004 excavations of Vastogirardi; a paper on the sanctuary of Pietrabbondante by Filippo Coarelli and Adriano La Regina; and John Patterson's paper "Una cittí chiamata Sannio" (A city named Samnium). There are articles on Samnite coins; the army; religion; and the Oscan language (including the bronze tablet of Agnone), which are adequate for use in undergraduate essays. There are also an extensive bibliography, a list of ancient sources mentioning the Samnites and a public forum. Readers should be aware that some articles are available only in Italian and that some English articles are abbreviated versions of the original versions in Italian. The Samnites were a fierce Italic people that fought three wars against Rome for the control of the Italian peninsula; they also sided with Hannibal during his incursion in the Italian peninsula and caused trouble to Rome in the following centuries until Sulla defeated them one last time in 82 BC. This website is a good introduction to the Samnites for the general public and undergraduate students.
Supported by the British Academy, this is an online database of over 25,000 Greek coins found in British museums, institutions and private collections designed to complement the existing 30 printed volumes of the Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum (SNG) which was initiated in 1931. The powerful search function allows the reader to search by: collection: country or state of origin; archaeological site; ruler or magistrate; date (600 BC-100 AD); denomination, weight, volume, or standard; obverse and reverse description; die axis; SNG reference. Each item has an individual entry and, in many cases, is accompanied by images of the coins. Although the absence of any introductory material means that this is a largely intended as a specialist resource for numismatists and ancient historians and archaeologists, dedicated undergraduates will also benefit from browsing the corpus of coins from the ancient Greek and Hellenistic world, particularly through using the image gallery function.
The "Corpus of Early Medieval Coin Finds and Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles" website is a database containing single finds of coins in the British Isles dating to the period 410-1180 AD and a more detailed and exhaustive (sylloge) database of coins of the British Isles in British and foreign collections. The results contain images and it is possible to produce interactively histograms and maps of the findspots. The searching form is easy to understand and sufficiently detailed to narrow the search appropriately. Popups must be enabled to allow the website to display results. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.