This webpage contains a short introduction to archaeological geophysics, with some colour pictures and plenty of links to other resources. It is a great introduction to the technological aspects of the technique aimed at advanced students.
Archéologie Aérienne is an attractively illustrated website, in French with some English translations, which provides a useful 'hands-on' guide to many aspects of photographing archaeological sites and ancient landscapes from the air based on a wide variety of examples from France. The resource provides a brief guide to the history and early pioneers of the discipline followed by useful advice on flying techniques and optimal climate conditions; photography, GPS and cartography; legal requirements; interpretation of landscape features captures by aerial photography. The French version includes an important historical, epigraphic and archaeological study of ancient roads ('Metrique des voies antiques'). Other sections include a period-by-period sample of images of ancient, mediaeval and early modern features from the air and a bibliography of the author's many publications. There are also extensive links to academic site of archaeological interest and to tourist pages with a particular emphasis on areas with important prehistoric, Roman and mediaeval remains. The English translation, while useful in places, is not very accurate and omits the technical information included in the French version which should be used for reference purposes. 'Aerial archaeology' is a useful addition to the corpus of websites on archaeological methods and will interest undergraduates and researchers in archaeology and history, particularly those with an emphasis on France.
The Bamburgh Research Project website presents information on the archaeological project set up to investigate the archaeology and history of the Bamburgh area. The project concentrates on the excavations at Bamburgh Castle. The website is divided into sections covering present day Bamburgh Castle, the history of Bamburgh, the archaeology of Bamburgh and trench updates. There are also pages on Brian Hope Taylor; media; the local heritage initiative; and how to get involved. A training excavation is organised at Bamburgh Castle each summer and the website contains details of how to join in. There are also reports covering the "Bamburgh Environs Survey Project" and another called Kings, Lepers and Townsfolk: a project to find the past inhabitants of Bamburgh. Overall the website is clear and easy to navigate with many images of people involved in archaeology in Bamburgh.
The Bonn Archaeological Software Package is a suite of over 70 functions for exploring, analysing and visualising data. It incorporates the 'Posthole' programme which searches for rectangular structures in scanned excavation plans and the 'AirPhoto' programme which corrects oblique photographs (the latter program needs to be registered). BASP is a non-profit software project written for and by archaeologists and is available for download from the website. The website provides information on all of the functions available in the package with screenshots, information on operating system requirements. BASP was written by Dr Irwin Scollar of the University of Cologne has since being re-written to run on MS Windows.
The British School at Rome (BSR) is a centre for research on the archaeology, history and culture of Italy, and for contemporary art and architecture. It is one of a large group of national academies in Rome. This website includes information about: residential awards for researchers and artists; a programme of exhibitions in contemporary art; a programme of lectures and conferences on the humanities; a specialist research library; a publications programme; and a virtual tour of the School. Also included are pages relating to archaeology fieldwork projects, including excavations at Forum Novum (villa, church and amphitheatre) since 1997 directed by the Birmingham University Field Archaeology Unit, the British Museum and the British School at Rome, and carried out in collaboration with the Soprintendenza Archeologica del Lazio. This project aims to complement other urban studies being carried out as part of the Tiber Valley project, in particular to the study of the larger scales of urban form currently being carried out by the University of Southampton. Interdisciplinary research projects also detailed here include: the Pompeii Project (an archaeological and multimedia investigation of a small section of the extinct city, known as Insula 9, which includes a virtual tour of Insula I.9 on this website); the Tiber Valley Project (an integrated project examining the hinterland-city relationship in central Italy); and the Roman Ports Project, which traces at the development of Portus, the port of imperial Rome.
The "First Farmers project" website publishes the research work carried out at six locations in eastern Scotland (Ballendrick, Claish Farm, Duncrub, Mountstewart, Nethermuir and Upper Gothenscarried) by the University of Stirling. The website provides an overview of the project. The research team led by Dr Barclay and Dr Wickham-Jones explored the settlements of the first farmers in lowland Scotland, an area which was apparently home to a great concentration of religious sites. The project interpreted how farming began and the challenges facing a Neolithic settlement. All final reports can be accessed through a series of files (mostly PDF) and pages. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board within the Research Grants scheme.
This website is published by Harald von der Osten-Woldenburg, the Geophysicist and Conservator of the department of antiquities of the state of Baden-Württemberg, (south east) Germany. He has been working on the project 'Geophysical Prospection of Archaeological Sites' for the government of Baden-Württemberg since 1991. Up to now the project has used Geomagnetics, Geoelectrics, Electromagnetic Induction and Ground Penetrating Radar and this website presents some of the results of this prospection. The website presents these results as short illustrated descriptions of the surveyed sites which can be accessed through lists based on the survey method used or from a list of site names. For some of the sites which were surveyed and later excavated there are links to more detailed archaeological reports in German and English hosted by Historical Heritage in Baden-Württemberg. The author of the site also gives a list of his publications and a link to the publisher of his book 'Unsichtbares sichtbar machen. Geophysikalische Prospektionsmethoden in der Archäologie' (Making Invisible Visible. Methods of Geophysical Prospections in Archaeology).
This is the official website of the Institut für Raumbezogene Informations- und Messtechnik, Fachhochschule Mainz (Institute for Spatial Information and Surveying Technology, University of Applied Sciences, Mainz). The institute specialises in surveying, especially using computing and GIS technologies. Some of the research carried out by the institute encompasses the fields of archaeology and ancient history directly, although the geographic applications may also be of use to archaeologists. In the Projects section, the website publishes some short notices (often in English) of work carried out in the past. The full-text of many of the papers listed in the Publications section is available in PDF format; for others, only abstracts are given. A number of papers concentrate on landscape archaeology and present case-studies from all over Europe. Both the Projects and Publications sections can be browsed by technology employed or subject. The Diploma Theses section is of great interest as it details current research in the institute. The pages of the graduate students normally include a short abstract and a few pictures of the work done, but some contain posters, full theses and papers freely available in PDF format, video animations, computer graphics and virtual reality models. The Competencies section is an educational sub-site presenting the technologies that are taught at the institute, including: 3D Scanning; photogrammetry; remote sensing; cartography; surveying including GPS; and GIS.
The Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center's Process of Archaeology website presents an educational introduction to archaeology and concludes with a simplified final report. The first section focuses on preliminary investigations and surveys, with attention to: possible scientific analyses; existing literature; and ancient sources. The section on excavations provides some basic information. The only techniques mentioned are: "shoveling and screening"; and "troweling". The section on lab analyses mentions many types of analyses and provides some pictures. Ethical issues are considered in each of these sections. The other sections, "interpretation" and "synthesis," present the work carried out in the Mississippi Valley. These are quite informative and lavishly illustrated. Human presence in the region is known from about 10,000 years ago (Palaeolithic) up to present day. For each period the material culture; environmental data and interpretations of the recognised activities are presented. Simple tables available in PDF format summarise each period and its characteristics. There are several pages on the culture of the Native Americans in the region, including the Oneota and Mississippian traditions; a few Wisconsin sites are presented in greater detail; there is an illustrated glossary. The website is a great introduction to archaeology for students and its American focus does not compromise the final result. The general section provides an excellent introduction to the Mississippian culture and summarises the work carried out in the region. Because of this, it maintains coherence as a real case-study. The main section, on the archaeology of Mississippi Valley, is excellent and although it does not try to be a scholarly work, it is very informative and may be helpful to archaeologists at any level.
The Monte Polizzo Handbook is an online version of the complete handbook provided to the participants of the excavation of Monte Polizzo in Sicily. Although some of the contents are of a practical nature, large sections introduce the history of the region and the work carried out so far. There is also a glossary and an essential bibliography of the site. All sections are available in PDF format. The illustrated handbook is valuable because of the information it provides on Monte Polizzo, the site of a major excavation, and its recently discovered Elymian acropolis. However, it also contains numerous pages on life during fieldwork and may prove an interesting read for volunteers or students on their first dig. Many fundamental field techniques are approached from a practical perspective and there also hints of the organisation, problems and also fun that are associated with any excavation.
This is the official website of the Sicilian archaeological field school of Northern Illinois University. The excavation team has its main excavation at Monte Polizzo, which is the largest archaeological site currently excavated in Sicily. The website publishes preliminary reports of the field research carried out, plus minimal background information on western Sicily and Salemi. Monte Polizzo is an important Elymian site and excavations there have begun after several years of surveying. The preliminary reports concern these surveys and include some maps and photographs, mostly of the team members. The preliminary reports contain mostly photographs of the excavations and some artefacts, but can be useful in determining the type of materials found and their contexts. There are also PDF versions of several publications related to the project, in English and Italian. Additionally, the website provides some useful information on the team and how to participate in the excavations.
This website details the archaeological research conducted in the Sanctuary of Poseidon at Isthmia (Ancient Korinth or Corinth, Greece) by Ohio State University. Isthmia was one of the four great Panhellenic sanctuaries, active from the Archaic period through the end of Antiquity, with a rich period of medieval use as well. This website details this work, and information can be found about: the site, including the sanctuary of Poseidon and the Roman bath; preliminary reports since 1992; the fieldwork carried out by The Ohio state University since 1987; related projects including Dokos and Agios Vasilios; bibliography and other resources; and news. This website has been identified as a model site by the staff of Archaeology magazine, an official publication of the Archaeological Institute of America.
This website presents the results of the Pylos Regional Archaeology Project (PRAP), which investigated the history of land use and landscape development around the Late Bronze Age palace (the so-called Palace of Nestor) near Pylos in Messenia, south-western Greece. In addition to preliminary reports of fieldwork between 1992-1997 and a bibliography of research by PRAP members, the site also provides detailed reports on the re-examination of finds from 1998-2005. The site also contains the following: a gazetteer of archaeological sites with accompanying thumb-nail maps; pottery and small finds databases, with images and descriptions of finds; a three-dimensional tour of the Palace of Nestor (this requires Quick Time); and photographs of the study area. This resource will be of particular use to undergraduate students and researchers interested in Mediterranean landscapes and survey methodology and in the long-term economic and social history of south-western Greece.
This is the website of the Society for Libyan Studies, founded in 1969 with support from the British Academy. The Society aims to encourage and coordinate the activities of researchers working on Libya in Britain and elsewhere. The Society is interested in a broad range of research including: archaeology; history; linguistics; natural sciences; and religion. The site is a valuable resource for information on current academic activities and potential sources of support for researchers. The Society provides some grants and scholarships and organises fieldwork trips. It also publishes the Journal of Libyan Studies, and the site provides tables of contacts for the volumes for 1983-1999, plus abstracts for some of these volumes. Details of forthcoming lectures and meetings concerning Libya are given, plus details of relevant collections in British libraries and archives. The site links to: archaeological sites in Libya; Libyan and British institutes; and other relevant sites.
Stratify is a programme which automatically lays out a Harris Matrix diagram showing the stratigraphical relationships of archaeological contexts. It takes into account all of the available information on chronology and groupings. Context data is stored in a relational database. Results from the programme can be exported in a number of bitmap and vector graphics formats. In particular, Mapinfo, CSV and Dbase formats are available as export formats. The website has an annotated slide show demonstrating the use of the programme. A manual and two papers describing the programme are available as PDF files. Stratify is free to download.