This Web page is a brief description of the research carried out by Professor Bryony Coles on the beaver in Britain and in Europe. After discovering beaver gnaw-marks on wood preserved in the Somerset Levels, research was carried out on the effects of beaver on landscape and trees. The project is inter-related with the project "Beaver Works" that is investigating contemporary beaver territories in Brittany and the Drome region of France. The site provides links to the archaeological department at the University of Exeter and to other research projects in the department. "Beaver in Britain's Past" concentrates on the history of the beaver from the late Palaeolithic period in Scotland, Wales and England. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Leave scheme.
The personal website of Allwyn B. Beaudoin, a Canadian palynologist, focuses on palynology and archaeobotany. The website focuses on data coming from North America, in particular the Canadian Prairie ecozone, but there are educational pages that can be used by anyone approaching archaeobotany for the first time. The dictionary of quaternary acronyms and abbreviations is a very useful resource, and already contains over 1,800 terms, and includes facilities to search or browse. The 'dung file' is an annotated collection of references on the subject of human faecal material in archaeological context and mammalian coprolites. The annotated list is divided according to topic and includes relevant techniques. The section gives an idea of what can be achieved with these studies and the comments are informative even without having access to the books and papers referenced. The other sections on the Canadian Prairies can also be useful case studies or sources of information on the subject for more advanced students. The list of personal publications includes some free articles in PDF format. Undergraduate students should read in particular the essay entitled, "What is Palynology?"
The award winning "Ancient bristlecone pine" website details the science and history surrounding this species of ancient tree, currently held to be the Earth's oldest known living organisms. Whilst these trees have flourished in the White Mountains of the Colorado basin for thousands of years, the longevity of their existence was only discovered in 1953 by Edmund Schulman. The oldest specimen (named "Methuselah"), aged 4,767 years, has lived more than a millennium longer than any other tree. The extraordinary life span of these trees is facilitated by their unique strategies for survival and their ability to flourish in harsh environments with little competition for resources. This website provides information about the ancient bristle cone pine, including: details of Schulman's discovery, habitat, growth and characteristics, dendrochronology, a history of how the bristle cones came to be protected, a gallery of images, links to relevant sites and bibliography. The website may interest anyone concerned with archaeobotany or dendrochronology, but is also an interesting read for the uninitiated visitor.
The Ancient Chinese Rice Archaeology Project website present searches for the earliest evidence of the use of rice in China. Several projects have involved archaeologists, geneticists, phytologists, taxonomists and palynologists on this topic. The project website provides an introduction to these studies. Dr Pei Anping has carried out all fieldwork required to find new evidence while Dr Bryan C. Gordon was in charge of collecting and dating important rice samples as well as translating the papers in English. The website includes: a gallery a pictures; a brief introduction with bibliography; and a large collection of papers available as HTML files. Most of the papers are available also in alternative formats, such as RTF. Results from the project suggest that the earliest rice cultivation was localised in areas flooded by the Yangtze River.
Animal Bone Metrical Archive Project is an online database of measurements of bones of domestic animals from more than 100 archaeological assemblages retrieved from excavations in southern Britain. The original database was compiled at the University of Southampton and has been migrated to the Archaeology Data Service server where it now constitutes a searchable online database. The database contains nearly 61,000 measurements from over 24,700 bones, the majority from sheep, goat and cattle. The species present also includes: pig; horse; dog; chicken; and goose. The date range of the bones is from Neolithic to modern. A search form allows users to query the database on: species; element; measurement type; date; and county. The amount of detail in the results may be tailored to the users requirements and may be downloaded directly to the user's computer. This resource can be used as a reference of comparative data by zooarchaeological researchers and also as a body of data to use for examining size change in domestic animals from prehistory to the present day.
The Archaeobotanical Database website is a database of archaeobotanical data from Eastern Mediterranean and Near Eastern archaeological sites. The website is part of an ongoing research project at the University of Tübingen, Germany. The database concentrates on the regions of Greece, Crete, Cyprus, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and a few sites in Egypt during the period between 3,000 and 500 years ago. Access to the database is free, but it is necessary to fill in a registration form with the user's name and email address. A working password will be emailed immediately. The database can be browsed by field site or botanical taxa. By clicking on the name of each site while browsing by site, it is possible to view a short bibliography with the source of the data in the database. An advanced search form allows the viewing of detailed data by site, region, period, taxon, genus or family. It is also possible to perform a detailed search and plot the results on a colour map, which includes a list of the sites at the bottom. By clicking on the site marker on the map, a page with the bibliographic source of data for that site will open. The database is well constructed and easy to use (there is a tutorial on how to use the database). Archaeobotanists will find this website useful, but its simplicity and effectiveness is inviting also for students, who have the possibility of familiarising themselves with a research archaeobotanical database with little effort.
This website provides information about the development and subsequent usage of Archaeological predictive modelling. Since 1991, the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR) has actively pursued the protection of Ontario's cultural resources through the forest management planning process. The OMNR publication 'Timber Management Guidelines for the Protection of Cultural Heritage Resources' outlines the manner in which cultural resources such as archaeological sites will be protected through forest management planning. Archaeological Predictive Modelling is considered to play a key role in this management process. Between 1991 and 1994, Lakeland University developed a computerized model which could assist managers and planners in identifying areas most likely to be of archaeological potential. This entailed a three year research and development project, in addition to subsequent pilot applications. This website provides information about the development and subsequent usage of this predictive model. Reports and images are also provided.
This website publishes the preliminary report of the excavations of the German Archaeological Institute at Nasca and Palpa, southern Peru, where the ancient climatic and environmental conditions of the region today famous for the geoglyphs have been studied. A bibliography with some papers available in PDF format provides good information for researchers.
Based on the research interests of Mesoamericanist Chris Beekman of the University of Colorado at Denver, this resource provides a useful overview to past and current research in the Jalisco province of modern Mexico by a variety of scholars. While the author's interest are presently concentrated on the Tequila valleys in the centre of the region, this site is intended to become a platform of Jalisco studies in general. The subject is usefully introduced by a link to an online essay on recent work in Jalisco from the journal Ancient Mesoamerica while a series of short essays, some illustrated, describes individual projects currently working in the region. These include studies of settlement patterns, burial customs, social complexity, ancient agriculture, and art, while there is also a link to a project attempting to establish a database of C14 dates for western and north-western Mesoamerica. Individual essays include links to the texts of various publications and lectures (or else to bibliographic references) and provide valuable additional material for students and researchers in this area of archaeology and anthropology.
The website "ASPNS: Anglo-Saxon Plant-Name Survey" is the homepage of this project at the Institute for the Historical Study of Language, University of Glasgow. The Anglo-Saxon Plant-Names Survey (ASPNS) aims to produce a comprehensive database of these names and interpret this linguistic information within an interdisciplinary context of other humanities and sciences. Plant-names of Anglo-Saxon England survive in a variety of media, such as manuscripts and inscriptions, and are of more than linguistic interest, shedding light on a wide variety of social matters such as dialect, land-use and economy, diet, medical treatment, clothing and the wider perception of the landscape. The site provides the ASPNS annual report from 2000 onwards, downloadable in RTF format, details of the personnel working on the project and a list of plant names arranged in tabular form. These include: bushes and trees; ferns; fungi; lichen; moss; grasses and reeds; fruits and nuts; edible roots; various types of grains; spices and herbs; medicinal plants and plants yielding fibres for cloth making. Also included is the database of Latin plant-names in all their variant forms which were current in Anglo-Saxon England. The website also includes the ASPNS bibliography as well as a select but wide-ranging bibliography of general Anglo-Saxon studies (such as language and palaeography, history and archaeology but also fiction and children's literature) as well as page of weblinks. Although largely a specialist resource aimed at researchers in the historical development of the English language, the bibliographies and weblinks will also benefit students and the general public.
This is the website of "The Association for Environmental Archaeology". The Association was formed in 1979 by a group of environmental archaeologists based at the Institute of Archaeology, University of London, to provide a wide-ranging means of communication between those working in environmental archaeology and related subjects. The website provides information about the society and membership as well as a range of resources and links to information of interest to environmental archaeologists, particularly online journals and news items for relevant topics. A list of major bodies providing grants and awards in the UK is included to help those seeking funding for projects. There is an extensive list of web links.
This is the website of the Bournemouth University English Channel project. This project aims to examine the formation and subsequent evolution of the English Channel (12000 BC to AD 1500) and its impact upon settlement and society. One main question is whether any areas survive underwater as a result of the Channel's expansion that, being unaffected by more recent land-uses, may preserve evidence of post-glacial settlement. A GIS model of the Channel's basin will be used to visualize the topography of submerged areas, to which a database of archaeological sites will be linked. Extensive bibliographies on coastal and sea-level change, the English Channel and its Islands, GIS topics, wrecks and boats and various archaeological sites are provided.
The Cave Archaeology and Palaeontology Research Archive (CAPRA) is an online journal (ISSN 1467-8837) publishing illustrated articles on all topics relating to archaeological and palaeontological deposits found within caves. CAPRA intends to have a more narrowly focused mission than existing speleological journals and only publishes articles that address issues in cave archaeology or palaeontology. As well as full-text articles, CAPRA includes a number of book reviews and a news section. The website also contains five gazetteers relating to various aspects of cave archaeology and covering England, Scotland and Wales. The journal is very easy to use and the articles consist solely of text and still images. Some of the images are, however, slightly lacking in quality. The CAPRA website also contains notes and guidelines for contributors and details of the CAPRA editorial board (it is a fully refereed journal).
This is the website of CNRS Info, an online publication of the French National Council of Research. A special issue on archaeology dated 2000 is available full-text and summarises French archaeological research across the globe. It also includes some articles on environmental archaeology and archaeometry. The several illustrated articles are organised by region, with articles on French sites being also subgrouped according to chronological period, from the Palaeolithic to the historical period. Among the sites are: Closeau, near Rueil-Malmaison (France, Palaeolithic); Le Mourral, Trèbes (France, Neolithic); Rhí´ne Valley (France); medieval Marseille (France); Jerf el Ahmar (Syria); Alexandria (Egypt); Tahiti (French Polynesia). The site of Jerf el Ahmar is particularly important as it has been studied in relation to the emergence of agriculture and the social impact it had. There is a map, a small bibliography, a few pictures and a glossary in PDF format. Overall, this website can be very useful as it contains many summaries of important researches and provides a French perspective on state-funded research. The home page is quite confusing as the summaries of all issues of CNRS Info are provided and none of them contains any article on archaeology. Moreover, from within each article it is only possible to return to the home page. This unnumbered issue between issues 384 and 385 is in reality a separate volume that has been almost "buried". Researchers may find this website useful.
The Dental Microwear website, published by the University of Arkansas, concentrates on the research of dental microwear in ancient humans and fossil primates. A few specialised software programs are freely available to download. The programmes included are suitable for both 2D and 3D analyses. The 'data archive' section contains data suitable for analysis with these programs. Sample images are especially useful for those not having access to a microscope. The section on texture analysis contains both articles and full papers in PDF format on the subject and it also includes information on how to use the provided software. There is also a long bibliography, with a few articles accessible directly and some others via Web links. Dental Microwear is an excellent educational tool for students pursuing studies in this area or those just curious to learn more about it.
The website of the "Des climats et des hommes - Glaciologie, climatologie, archéologie, histoire" conference organised by the INRAP and held in Paris on 19-21 November 2009 publishes the video recordings (Flash must be enabled; files in excess of 200 Mb) of all presentations. The recordings are also available at lower resolution (and without slides) in MP4 format accessing the "podcast" page.
The presentations span from the earliest hominids to the 2009 international conference on climate change held at Copenhagen and include the discussions held at the end of each session. Among the principal topics covered are the Neandertals and the possible role of climate in their demise; European and Near Eastern climate during the Neolithic and Bronze Age; the desertification of Sahara; Iron Age and Roman Europe; monsoons in China; medieval Greenland, the American Anasazi; modern Europe; volcanic eurptions and their role in climate change; and several climatological presentations concerned with contemporary climate change and global warming. Although most presentations do not focus away from the Mediterranean Sea and archaeologists and climatologists rarely combine their data in the presentations, the conference provides an updated cross-disciplinary perspective of current studies. Most archaeological papers explore the influence that climate had on specific locations at given periods, while the climatological papers are more concerned with economic and political issues. Despite many attempts of dramatising the topic, perhaps the most dramatic paper is the one focusing on Sahara since climate change affected human lives most clearly there. People reacted moving out of Sahara and it appears (also from the presentations) that mobility and adaptability is a constant of human history. This resource is a treat for researchers and can be useful to students as well; some understanding of French is required to follow many presentations.
This is the website of Digital Morphology, a National Science Foundation Library at the University of Texas at Austin providing access to HRCT data on over 100 species of plants and animals. High-resolution X-ray computed tomographic (HRCT) scanning is an industrial refinement of conventional medical diagnostic CAT scanning. This archive presents samples of the vertebrate skull, which have been surveyed from fossils to embryos and adults of living species. The library website offers a variety of resources, including slice-by-slice animations and Java applets of complete data volumes and animated volumetric and 3D surface renderings, plus an introduction (written by a "world expert"), references, links, and archival museum metadata for each specimen. These visualizations are available on the Web at moderate resolution; full resolution datasets are available on request. "Real" solid object versions of digital datasets are produced by utilizing rapid prototyping technology to "print" copies of the data. Students (and researchers) in archaeozoology may find this website useful.
This website details the "Ecologies of Modern Heritage" AHRC-funded research cluster, carried out in 2009. In particular, a few workshops in cross-disciplinary heritage research are summarised in briefnotes. Participants in the workshops formed small research teams and engaged in exploratory fieldwork activities at Bletchley Park. Bletchley Park had been selected to facilitate these interactions and collaborations as it is an iconic and internationally recognised historic site of the recent past. Professional archaeologists and researchers in particular may find this website useful.
The Environmental Archaeology Bibliography database, hosted by English Heritage, contains over 10,000 records of reports concerned with environmental archaeology published since 1950. Currently all bioarchaeological and geoarchaeological site reports of whatever size and coherence are considered appropriate for inclusion. The structure of the records is documented in the site. The coverage of the database is best for England; sites in Wales, Scotland, the Channel Isles, the Isle of Man, and Ireland are included but searching has not been as thorough for these areas.A set of search forms allow searches to be carried out by subject, period, site, location, county, country, bibliographic reference, or report size. The user can choose which fields in the database they wish to have returned. Returned records may be sorted by author, county, site, or subject. There is a list of the journals that are currently included in the database, which may be accessed from the main page.
This website tells of the discovery and of the history of the structures at Flag Fen, which was discovered by accident in 1982. The rest of the website is mainly devoted to visitors to Flag Fen, describing the various attractions such as the reconstructed Iron Age roundhouse, the animals and birds that may be seen, and the Roman herb garden. The website is aimed at undergraduate students and the general public.
This is the official website of the Greater Angkor Project (GAP), which will run until 2009. Large attention is provided to environmental and spatial issues connected to the research at Angkor. The website provides some basic information about the project and contains some papers and one BA thesis. It might be useful to students interested in GIS techniques and researchers focusing on Angkor.
The research project is co-ordinated by the University of Sydney (Australia) in collaboration with the Ecole Française d’Extrême Orient (France), APSARA (Cambodia), the body responsible for the management of the Angkor World Heritage Park, and the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation. Contact details for all the researchers are provided.
Chris Zweifel's study of Hadrian's Wall, published in 2002, examines several aspects of the impact of this important archaeological site. The contemporary significance of the Wall to Roman occupied Britain is set within the wider context of how the Wall affected subsequent developments in the region - not only in historical terms but also environmental. Thus, the actual building of the Wall, and the development of the settlements that sprung up around the Roman fortifications, led to deforestation, the development of distinct ecological systems on either side of the boundary, and the development of a mining industry which all helped transform the landscape. The political and economic ramifications for the development of the separate identities of England and Scotland through the following two thousand years are briefly summarised, as is the lasting ecological impact. More recently, the impact of tourism to the Wall is assessed in both economic and environmental contexts. The paper is available online from the collection of case studies in the Inventory of Conflict and Environment (number 109, November 2002), compiled by Professor James Lee of the American University in Washington D.C.
The 'Institute for Environmental History' claims to be... "the only one of its kind in Western Europe", and is located at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. The Institute has worked closely as part of the AHRC Centre for Environmental History (2002-2006), and the Institute website has a description of this project, its members, and there is a list of selected academic papers - three of which are available as free full-text PDF files. There are also links to the Institute's 'Timeline of Waste', and an Institute weblog related to the... "history of waste management and the social and cultural representations of waste". The Institute also hosts the Scottish Coastal Archaeological and Paleoecological Trust, and the Shorewatch public archeology project. The Institute website also has a details of staff, and the courses it offers.
The International Council for Archaeozoology (ICAZ) website provides information on the council, its activities, meetings and quadrennial conferences, as well as membership options. There is an interesting section on definitions of archaeozoology, useful links, and information about affiliated working groups. The reports from the working groups are short but informative and elucidate current research. Some of the groups also run separate mailing lists and/or websites, details of which are kept updated in the reports along with contact details for the groups. A few publications on paper have been produced by some of these groups and details of these are available in the reports or separate websites. Among the most active separate websites are: the Animal Palaeopathology Working Group; the Fish Remains Working Group; the Zooarchaeology Working Group; and the Archaeomalacology Working Group. The Animal Palaeopathology Working Group section contains news, an updated bibliography, short papers in PDF format, a mailing list and forum and photo galleries. The Fish Remains Working Group section contains a mailing list, an bibliography, a database of fish remains and a history of the group's activities. The Zooarchaeology Working Group section contains some specialist software, including: a database of European insect fauna (BUGS); the Zooarchaeological Data Management System (QBONE); the Archive for the North Atlantic (NABONE); an introduction to the group in PDF format; a yearly newsletter and mailing list; a section on radiocarbon dating; as well as information about a field school in north Atlantic archaeology. The Archaeomalacology Working Group section publishes a newsletter and information on the group's research activities.
The 'What is archaeozoology?' section of the ICAZ (International Council for Archaeozoology) website introduces archaeozoology to students in a question and answer format. Selected books on archaeozoology are also recommended. Answers given are concise and easily understandable and have been prepared by specialists in the field. The website provides information including: what archaeozoologists study; what scientific backgrounds are usually necessary to become one; what they do and where they go for their work; why their research is important; and where to find more information in the library and on the Internet. By selecting 'working groups' on the same website, it is possible to access further specialist information on core researches in the field and check out some data sets and specialist bibliographies. The general public and especially first year undergraduate students may find this website useful.
The Kerkenes Project is a collaborative and multidisciplinary venture between the Middle East Technical University (METU), Ankara and the British Institute of Archaeology in Ankara to explore the urban dynamics and landscape development of the city of Kerkenes in central Turkey from the early prehistoric period until the end of the Iron Age. Kerkenes was the largest city in pre-Hellenistic Anatolia, covering some 2.5 square kilometres. Kerkenes has been identified as the ancient Pteria, which was the scene of major military conflicts between the Assyrians, Persians and Lydians, including the famous 'Battle of the Eclipse' in 585 B.C. recorded by the Greek historian Herodotus. The website provides information on the work carried out since 1993 by Dr Geoffrey Summers. The website is divided into three main sections. The first section publishes the first decades of work and contains information on the historical background; photographs of early discoveries including an ivory plaque; drawings; maps, including 3D maps; and several preliminary reports. The second section publishes recent preliminary reports (some in PDF format); a geological background; further photographs from the excavations; the results of a geophysical survey; a postgraduate thesis on the application of multi-sensor remote sensing techniques by Zeynep Nahide Aydin; a useful bibliography. The third section contains information on the "Kerkenes Eco-Center Project" and environmental research carried out in Kerkenes. This is an important resource for researchers studying the Ancient Near East.
This is the official website of the "Neolithic revolution in a global perspective" international conference held in Paris in 2008. It publishes the video recordings of all lectures given during the conference, including the discussion. Most lectures were in French, with only a few in English. The conference gathered some of the leading experts on the Neolithic period across the world, and its main strength is indeed the worldwide coverage. Making such an important conference available on the Internet is certainly a commendable and rarely seen choice. Almost every aspect of Neolithic studies has been presented, and the video recordings allow to see in most cases also the Powerpoint presentations. Postgraduate students and researchers will benefit most from accessing these lectures.
The Literature on Archaeological Remains of Cultivated Plants website maintained by Dr. Kroll of the University of Kiel presents a searchable bibliography of archaeobotanical sources. A search form provides access to the bibliographic database, which is not limited to a specific chronological period or region. The "slideshow" section contains scanned pictures of the many species found in archaeological contexts. The "help" page contains instructions on how to use the website and includes a list of species and keywords on general topics that can be used to glean fruiful results. These lists are available in PDF or Word files. The database is not unique or complete and requires some prior knowledge of archaeobotany to be of use. Researchers and archaeobotanists may find it useful. The slideshow is particularly useful for students and may be used as source of illustrations for class presentations.
The MIRACLE website offers 'an insight into micropalaeontology' based on microfossil images. The aim of the site is to enable the user to be able to distinguish between the major micropalaeontological groups. These include: Calcareous Nannofossils; Conodonts; Diatoms; Foraminifera; Ostracods; Palynology; and Radiolaria. Each group has its own web page which provides: a history of study; the geological range of the group; their classification criteria; their applications (e.g. biostratigraphy or palaeoenvironmental reconstructions); their biological features and life cycle; preparation and observation techniques; and finally a number of images of various specimens. This is a clear and informative site.The MIRACLE project receives funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC).
The Mosfell Archaeological Project is a study of the Mosfell region of Southwestern Iceland. Its aim is to examine environmental change and human adaptation from the Viking age onwards. Led by scholars from the University of California, the project is an international collaboration employing the tools of history, archaeology, anthropology, genetics, saga studies and environmental science to arrive at a better understanding of the region's history. Test excavations were conducted in 1995, and comprehensive fieldwork began in 1998.The website includes illustrated summaries of the fieldwork undertaken in each year. There are also reports on burials, evidence of Viking-age violence, and the possible discovery of a wooden church. A map of the region is provided. The site also examines references to the region in Norse literature, with a short passage translated from Egil's Saga.The project is ongoing and this website is likely to expand in future.
The "Neanderthal climate preferences and tolerances" website presents the research objectives and results of the project that investigates whether the present chronological data for the late Mousterian in Europe is biasing our perception of Neanderthals by showing that they used to live in an environment colder than that preferred by anatomically modern humans (AMH) and therefore were disadvantaged when the climate warmed up. The project is focussing on the region that experienced the greatest variation in climate, namely European Russia and the Ukraine north and east of the Black Sea. A range of cross-validated methodologies (OSL, TL, magnetic palaeointensity, and argon-argon) is being applied. At the time of review final results were not yet available, but preliminary results were available in section "talks", where copies of Powerpoint presentations are available in PDF format. An extensive bibliography on the subject is also available, with contributions from project members singled out. The project is funded by NERC.
This is the website of the North Atlantic Biocultural Organisation (NABO). NABO aims to cut across national and disciplinary boundaries in order to help North Atlantic scholars make the most of the research potential of their research area. The website presents information about NABO's activities and there are few online article and newsletters. A major project being undertaken is the Icelandic Historical Landscapes Program which involves posting a number of downloadable datasets, principally concerned with archaeological topics, on the website. Already present are: an interactive database of North Atlantic and European Insect fauna; a zooarchaeological data comparability project; a database with manual of zooarchaeological data from excavations at Hofstapir, Iceland; a series of digital osteological manuals; and inks to a tephrochronological database and the Scottish Palaeoenvironemental Archive Database. A set of field research reports and radiocarbon reports is being established. Although this resource may interest primarily researchers, students may find information on forthcoming field schools run by the organisation.
The web site of the North Craven Historical Research Group (NCHRG), based in the Yorkshire Dales, provides detailed information about the work of this active community based group. As well as membership and organisational information, the web site offers access to many papers and reports submitted by, or published by, group members. For example, a paper (published in 2005, in the Dales Heritage journal) by the limestone industry historian David Johnson, discusses the findings of excavations of early lime kiln sites in North Craven. Also available on the Group's web site is "Re-thinking Craven's limestone landscape", a document available to download as a PDF file (64 pages). Published in 2006 as the conference proceedings of a workshop held in Yorkshire by the Group, these papers discuss landscape archaeology relating to the limestone uplands of the Craven district of the North Yorkshire Dales and the impact of human occupation and changing agricultural practices on the development of the landscape during prehistoric and historical periods. The proceedings also included a progress report on a local cave archaeology project at Giggleswick Scar, near Settle. Also available on the web site are the indexes to articles published in their publications (Yorkshire History Quarterly, Lancashire History Quarterly, Northern Vernacular Buildings, and the Industrial Heritage Journal).
This Web page is part of the home page of Dr Stephen Rippon, University of Exeter and is a brief description of the North Somerset Levels Project. This is a long-term project which is investigating an area of several hundred square kilometres of reclaimed coastal wetland by the Severn Estuary. The area had been a saltmarsh in the Iron Age and was reclaimed during the Roman period, only to be abandoned again. The area was reclaimed a second time and the project aims to discover why the area was settled twice when conditions were essentially rather hostile. A PDF file "celebrating" the project focuses on the biodiversity of the area. The page provides basic information about the project that receives funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
The PalaeoWorks website focuses on pollen and spores in Oceania and has been published by the The Australia National University. The website contains information and news about the research activities of the group across the globe. The Indo-Pacific pollen database and the Australasian pollen and spore atlas are the most important resource and are available in PDF and Filemaker format files. Further data booklets are available for several individual sites. Many technical reports are also freely available in PDF format. Most of the reports are papers based on data from the databases. The website is a fundamental resource for archaeobotanists researching Australia and surrounding areas. The databases can be helpful to students too, as it can be difficult for students to access extensive compilations of raw data already prepared for use. Access to published papers from these (and other) database may also help students to understand what and how to read raw archaeobotanical data.
The website for the People, landscape and cultural environment of Yorkshire (PLACE) project provides information about the research project which aims to promote archaeological, historical and ecological investigation into the interaction between people and the landscape in the Yorkshire Dales. As well as notes on current research projects, the website offers a programme of events and courses, many of which are open to the general public, and a newsletter (published in PDF format). Publications available through the project centre cover a broad range of topics with a focus on Yorkshire, including archaeology, heritage, the natural and cultural environment, and landscape studies. The project centre is based at York St John University, York.
This website is published by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and focuses on the site of Quebrada de los Burros, Peru. This site is set in one of the most arid regions on Earth, and belongs to the Chinchorro culture of Chile. It was in use from the tenth to the first millennium BC. The website contains a number of illustrated articles on the prehistoric camp-site. In particular, several articles focus on the ancient environment and present the results of scientific analyses that have helped in reconstructing the ancient flora and fauna of the region. The articles also present a short overview of the stone tools found at Quebrada de los Burros. Additionally, there is a gallery of pictures ('diaporama'), a bibliography, and the contact details of the authors.
This is the official website of the Quaternary Environments Network (QEN), which publishes an atlas presenting colour palaeovegetation maps covering the entire globe during the last 130,000 years. The core of this research concentrates on the period from the Last Glacial Maximum (18,000 years ago) and the mid Holocene (5,000 years ago). This period saw the affirmation and survival of only one human species and the emergence of human culture and the earliest civilisations. The studies presented in this website are most important to determine the relationship between humans and the environment at a crucial moment for humankind. The maps covering the whole globe are divided into the following regions: Europe; Eurasia; Africa; Australasia; North America; and South America. The website also includes gridded maps and a GIS-compatible map (access may be charged). There are also some freely available articles and papers on: the production of palaeovegetation maps; the last Ice Age; radiocarbon dating and the need for calibration; and sudden climate transitions (climate change). There are a few hyperlinks to the official (now outdated) QEN project website and other resources. Both students and researchers in archaeology may find the site useful, especially considering the recent interest in climate change. Students approaching environmental archaeology will find some of the articles most helpful. An updated version of some pages may be found at http://web.archive.org/web/20050401092938/http://members.cox.net/quaternary/
This is the official website of "The Convention on Wetlands", signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971, an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. Although the organisation is principally concerned with ecology and biodiversity there are articles related to the heritage of and archaeology in wetland environments. These articles are most easily accessed via the site search facility using "archaeology", "archaeological" and language variants of these words as search terms (the website is built in English but many articles are also available in French and Spanish) although they can be found from hierarchical menus. Most of the documents to be found are about heritage management in wetland sites and may be in either HTML, PDF or, occasionally, MS Word format.
The website 'Centre for Environmental History and Policy' is the homepage of this multi-disciplinary, project focusing on the varied relationship between human society and environmental history, led by the Department of History at Stirling University and the School of History at St Andrews University. The current Centre is based upon the Arts and Humanities Research Council-funded Centre for Environmental History and the Centre or Environmental History and Policy funded by the Scottish Higher Education Council. In line with recent trends in the social and natural sciences, the Centre in Environmental History is pursuing interdisciplinary historical research in collaboration with disciplines already engaged in analysing past environmental change and human development to inform our current understanding of environmental issues. The Centre offers undergraduate and graduate courses. The site provides a list of research projects and details of the staff, researchers and associate members of the centre together with information on seminars, conferences and workshops organised by the research group. Current research projects include: 'Welcome to the Sahel'; 'A corpus of Scottish medieval parish churches'; and 'Hunting Forrests, Parks and Parkland in Scotland'. The section 'History Tomorrow' is created to ease commercial access to the expertise of University of Stirling scholarship. A useful page of links provides a guide to other institutions concerned with the history of environmental change, including the journal 'Environment and History'.
The Revista de Arqueologia is the official annual free and full-text journal of the Sociedade de Arqueologia Brasileira. It publishes peer reviewed papers, reviews and theses abstracts on Brazilian archaeology, including studies on pottery; theory; rock art; geoglyphs; the environment; and the challenges of sustainable tourism. All papers are written in Portuguese and available in PDF format; abstracts are also available and there is a section with instructions for submitting contributions. The journal can be browsed by issue, title or author. This is a very useful resource to anyone interested in the archaeology of Brazil or South America.
This is the online Scottish Palaeoecological Archive Database (SPA database). The SPA Database was developed by the University of Edinburgh and Historic Scotland. The database "provides information on sites in Scotland where the natural archives of peat bogs, mires and lochs preserve evidence of past environments and environmental change." It concentrates upon sites where pollen evidence has been recovered. The database includes the following information: Location of all mire and lake sites where palynological investigations have been carried out; Location of all extant raised and intermediate mire sites known to Scottish Natural Heritage; Details of all publications reporting palaeoecological work on this locations; Information on the nature of the work carried out on each site; Information on modern landuse, landuse capability classification, designations as SSSI and possible development threats; Addresses and contact points for palaeoecologists and environmental archaeologists currently active in Scotland. The Data search is fairly easy to use, and may be searched for sites, publications or researchers.
The Sheffield Centre for International Drylands Research (SCIDR), based at the University of Sheffield's departments of Geography and Archaeology, was established in 1995 and conducts research into dryland environments and peoples. SCIDR conducts international collaborative research with institutions in Europe, Africa, North America, Asia and Australia and also provides a luminescence dating facility for use in research projects on long-term environmental change. The SCIDR website provides background information on the Centre's activities and projects alongside a short introduction to the significance of drylands. The website also contains at present an outline of luminescence dating (specifically Optically Stimulated Luminescence, OSL). Although a small site at present, the SCIDR website provides a useful first point of contact for those researching dryland environments.
The Sutton Common project is described in a microsite from the Department of Archaeology at the University of Exeter. This Iron Age site, consisting of two enclosures of unknown function, has been excavated between 1999 and 2003 by Exeter University in partnership with the University of Hull Wetlands Archaeology and Environments Research Centre. The site, lying in a wetlands area near Askern, South Yorkshire, has important potential for the study of organic remains from the Iron Age period, with particular reference to wood which may reveal wood working techniques, and the analysis of the palaeoenvironment of the period. A project diary describes week by week activities during excavation and is supplemented by a photo gallery, which includes aerial photographs. The full text of the project design (published in 2004) for the excavations and post-excavation analysis is provided as a 42 page PDF file - this includes a detailed assessment of the site and its potential in terms of archaeological features, small finds, organic material, human and animal remains, geoarchaeology and pollen analysis. An appendix provides a timeline of archaeological investigation of the site since the mid-nineteenth century.
The Tell Leilan Project website publishes data, reports, analyses and papers from the excavation and survey at Tell Leilan, Syria. There are several full-text papers and posters ("publications"); details of recent conferences where the project has been presented; ArchaeoSim, a Java-based interactive applet for exploring social and natural dynamics of third millennium BC Subir, northern Mesopotamia ("simulations"); and articles from news reports. Section "works in progress" contains several illustrated preliminary reports, including maps produced after a regional survey, a spreadsheet detailing tablets and sealings in the Lower Town Palace, geomorphological survey project, retrieval of the Akkadian administrative building, schoolroom tablets, city gate with volume calculations. Many articles contain an extensive bibliography; hyperlinks within bibliographies usually provide access to the papers, articles or data, which are usually in PDF, Excel or PowerPoint format. The volume calculations PowerPoint presents a case study of GIS manipulation of 3D sections, georeferencing, vectorising and data manipulation that may be used in teaching.
Tell Leilan was a farming centre that fro importance within the Akkadian Empire. A layer dated to 2200 BC proves that climatic change affected the settlement; in particular a prolonged draught seems to have affected the site and according to the excavators might have caused the fall of the Akkadian Empire (several papers are available on this thesis). The Assyrian king Shamshi-Adad I (1813-1781 BC) expanded the settlement building a royal palace and the city gate; he also renamed it Shubat-Enlil ("the residence of the god Enlil"). The settlement prospered until 1726 BC, when king Samsu-Iluna of Babylon sacked it.
This digital archive, hosted by Archaeology Data Service (ADS), presents electronic versions of the reports and databases created by the Environmental Archaeology Unit (EAU), a research group based in the Department of Biology at the University of York. Established in 1975 with funding from the Leverhulme Trust, the EAU moved to York's Centre for Human Palaeoecology within the Department of Archaeology in 2002. The EAU practised an integrated approach to environmental archaeology, drawing upon many sub-disciplines within the field, including soil and sediment studies, palynology (pollen studies), plant macrofossils, and invertebrate and vertebrate studies. The EAU digital archive available via these webpages is organised into site-based catalogue. Currently available is the 'Data Archive for plant and invertebrate remains from Anglo-Scandinavian 16-22 Coppergate, York' - a dataset detailing the environmental analyses from the above excavation. The files available within the archive are reports (downloadable in RTF, or rich text format, or plain text) and data files (available as comma-delimited files suitable for importing into database programs). Detailed captions accompany the data files.
The Wadi Arabah project focuses on the archaeological investigation and research of the area between Jordan and the Negev of southern Israel divided by the Wadi Arabah. The project aims at mapping archaeological surveys on GIS maps. The website includes information on the methodology of research; news; a few photographs of archaeological sites; an extensive bibliography; maps (both ancient and modern GIS maps). Further information on chronology; geology, environment; and the history of research are also available from the home page. The navigation of this simple website requires the use of the "back" button. This website may be useful to researchers interested in the Wadi Arabah region.
This is the website of the Wetland Archaeology and Environments Research Centre (WAERC) - based at the University of Hull, dividing its activities into commercial, research and teaching. The site contains information on the centre and staff; the Humber Wetlands Project (HWP) with links to local wetland heritage project information; current research with links to international and national projects, including 'Monitoring Erosion on the Humber Foreshore'; Humber Wetlands Project Monographs and annual reports (order forms are available in PDF format: this is available on site to down-load); recent publicity; consultation services available at the Centre; undergraduate programmes; and links to sites of further interest.
'Where Rivers Meet: Landscape, Ritual, Settlement and the Archaeology of River Gravels' is the substantial online record of a major British research project examining the religious and landscape archaeology of... "the confluence of the Trent and Tame Rivers, Staffordshire" in the Midlands of England - the confluence of three or more rivers and streams in one location being thought places of special sacred meaning by the pre-Roman peoples of the British Isles. The project was "funded by the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund and administered by English Heritage" and covered an area 3.5 miles by 7 miles. At August 2008 the site contains pages detailing: the project aims; the archaeology of the study area; the impact of quarrying in the area; the project team; and the survey and analytical techniques.
This archived website by the Italian National Research Council (CNR) publishes the complete proceedings of the 2001 international conference 'The World of Elephants' in PDF format. There are sections on the fossil record as well as zoological and environmental studies, which may be of interest to students and researchers in archaezoology and environmental archaeology. A large section focuses on the presence and relationship between early humans (hominids and hominines) and elephants (or mammoths) during the Palaeolithic in Europe, Africa, Japan, China, Taiwan, Russia and Mexico. A specialist section looks into the possible role of humans in the extinction of the ancient megalofauna and is entitled 'Megalofauna extinction with emphasis on elephants, mammoths and mastodonts'. Another section concentrates on artistic representations of elephants in antiquity. The sections entitled 'The use of proboscidean remains in every day Palaeolithic life' and 'Stone tools and elephant remains in the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic of the Iberian' may be of interest to archaeologists regardless of their specialisation. Finally, a small section (two papers) on ivory objects in the Italian Bronze Age presents a short overview across the Italian peninsula and concentrates on the settlement of Frattesina, which was part of the Aegean (Mycenaean) exchange network in the West Mediterranean.
'Zooarchaeology and taphonomy' provides an introduction to the different elements involved in the analysis of animal bones. The website consists of the two main sections of Zooarchaeology (the study of archaeological animal remains) and Taphonomy (the study of postmortem, pre-burial and post-burial processes and their impact on faunal remains). The zooarchaeological section of the site focuses on taxonomic and element identification as well as the determination of age and sex. Alternatively, the taphonomy section describes weathering and root etching, carnivore and rodent tooth marks, burned and calcined bones and butchery analysis amongst other taphonomic indicators. The site also includes a section on the processes and methodology involved in collecting, identifying and analysing faunal remains as well as sections on common zooarchaeology taxa, common calculations and a bibliography and links sections. There is also a large 'kid's section', entitled 'bones, stones or artefacts', which includes a number of activities and resources aimed at teaching children. The Zooarchaeology and taphonomy website is easy to use but suffers at certain points from dead links and an inconsistent or garish layout. The site provides a simple and concise introduction to the various elements of faunal analysis.
This website describes the University of Sheffield Zooarchaeology Lab’s reference collection, which contains more than a thousand specimens of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fishes that live or had once lived in Europe (and a limited number from other parts of the world). The collection includes complete and partial skeletal remains (about 300 of which are sexed and aged); multiple specimens of individual taxa; some archaeological specimens (differing considerably from their modern counterparts). The collection database can be downloaded from the website (as a simple spreadsheet). The collection has received AHRC funding to improve its layout and accessibility.