The Achill Archaeological Field School is conducting a research project involving survey and excavation at the deserted village at Slievemore, County Mayo. The archaeological school runs training courses for students; academic credit for overseas students is provided by the National University of Ireland at Galway. The village being unearthed comprised more than 80 houses with associated field systems separated by areas of open ground. The village dates from between 800 to 1300 AD and was abandoned in the post famine period, circa 1855. The website provides information for those interested in joining the field school along with photographs of a range of archaeological features uncovered during the course of the project, as well as others in the surrounding environment.
This page is part of the The Aerial Archaeology Research Group (AARG) website and it lists some Internet resources where students may find applications of aerial archaeology. Most of these pages are published by the same research group and are referenced and illustrated articles. Among the pages are "Aerial Archaeology in Wales" by Toby Driver; "Aerial Archaeology in Essex" by Davy Strachan; "Aerial Archaeology in the area of Leszno, Poland" by Rog Palmer; "Aerial Photographs of New Zealand Archaeology" by Kevin Jones; and more. None of the articles provides more than an introduction to the topic, but they are suitable for students and can be useful to visualise what aerial archaeology is about.
This is the official website of the Aerial Archaeology Research Group (AARG) at the University of Vienna. It publishes news about the research group and aerial archaeology in general (including conference announcements) and lists of new relevant publications. It also contains several images that might be used by teachers to illustrate some of the techniques and the potential of aerial archaeology. The most important for researchers is labelled "papers and abstracts on Aerial Archaeology", where a few papers (and abstracts from recent conferences) are available in PDF fomat. Papers such as "A Beginners Guide to Transformation Programs" may be useful to advanced students approaching for the first time this field.
The Aerial Archive website contains information regarding the taking and archiving of aerial photographs, photo-interpretation and the mapping and visualisation of archaeological sites. The website provides an introduction covering the history and application of aerial photography and an explanation of how and why buried sites can be visible from the air, but is mainly dedicated to the archiving, interpretive and visualization work of the Aerial Archive itself. Students however may find plenty of useful information. Links to archaeological websites, including some concerned with GPS (global positioning systems), archaeological prospection, photogrammetry and remote sensing, are provided. Both researchers and students may find this website useful.
The personal website of Allwyn B. Beaudoin, a Canadian palynologist, focuses on palynology and archaeobotany. The website focuses on data coming from North America, in particular the Canadian Prairie ecozone, but there are educational pages that can be used by anyone approaching archaeobotany for the first time. The dictionary of quaternary acronyms and abbreviations is a very useful resource, and already contains over 1,800 terms, and includes facilities to search or browse. The 'dung file' is an annotated collection of references on the subject of human faecal material in archaeological context and mammalian coprolites. The annotated list is divided according to topic and includes relevant techniques. The section gives an idea of what can be achieved with these studies and the comments are informative even without having access to the books and papers referenced. The other sections on the Canadian Prairies can also be useful case studies or sources of information on the subject for more advanced students. The list of personal publications includes some free articles in PDF format. Undergraduate students should read in particular the essay entitled, "What is Palynology?"
This webpage contains a short introduction to archaeological geophysics, with some colour pictures and plenty of links to other resources. It is a great introduction to the technological aspects of the technique aimed at advanced students.
The website "Archaeological Prospection Resources" is part of a service maintained by the Department of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford. It is presented as a categorised list of online resources relevant to archaeological prospection and remote sensing held by the University of Bradford and elsewhere. There are links to reports on geophysical surveys, aerial photographic surveys and other remote sensing surveys. There are also links to courses and conferences on archaeological remote sensing and to research groups in various countries. Links can be found to sites offering software and documentation. There are links to practitioners, reports and documentation on non-archaeological remote sensing applications.
Archéologie Aérienne is an attractively illustrated website, in French with some English translations, which provides a useful 'hands-on' guide to many aspects of photographing archaeological sites and ancient landscapes from the air based on a wide variety of examples from France. The resource provides a brief guide to the history and early pioneers of the discipline followed by useful advice on flying techniques and optimal climate conditions; photography, GPS and cartography; legal requirements; interpretation of landscape features captures by aerial photography. The French version includes an important historical, epigraphic and archaeological study of ancient roads ('Metrique des voies antiques'). Other sections include a period-by-period sample of images of ancient, mediaeval and early modern features from the air and a bibliography of the author's many publications. There are also extensive links to academic site of archaeological interest and to tourist pages with a particular emphasis on areas with important prehistoric, Roman and mediaeval remains. The English translation, while useful in places, is not very accurate and omits the technical information included in the French version which should be used for reference purposes. 'Aerial archaeology' is a useful addition to the corpus of websites on archaeological methods and will interest undergraduates and researchers in archaeology and history, particularly those with an emphasis on France.
Part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service's "Guides to Good Practice" series, "Archiving Aerial Photography and Remote Sensing Data: A Guide to Good Practice" is intended to provide guidance creating and maintaining digital resources related to aerial photography, satellite and airborne remote sensing, and archaeological interpretations made from such data sources, in order to ensure that such sources can be re-used. The guide is an online version of a printed volume available from the AHDS, and as such is presented in the structured format of the book. The guide provides general advice about locating and re-using original data sources. It makes reference to existing standards for documenting and cataloguing digital resources, and to the rich existing archaeological literature on these subjects. While the importance of standards is emphasised throughout the Guide, no single standard is prescribed. The aims of this document are more generic: to inform readers of the importance of good documentation practices rather than recommending how those resources should be documented.
The Association of Certified Field Archaeologists (ACFA) was established in 1987 and is made up of holders of the University of Glasgow (Department of Adult and Continuing Education) Certificate of Field Archaeology. The society undertakes archaeological survey work in Scotland for the general public and for societies and organisations engaged in heritage work on a non-commercial basis, the results of which are deposited with the Royal Commission for Ancient and Historic Monuments in Scotland. The resource includes details of current projects and a full list of society publications, the Occasional Papers Series, which includes ISBN numbers and contact details of authors. A useful page of links to websites of heritage organisations provides additional online information for the field archaeologists and heritage managers in the British Isles who will be interested by the ACFA site.
This website reports on the Ben Lawers Historic Landscape projects, a five-year programme of archaeological and historical research into the past landscapes of the Central Highlands of Scotland. Evidence of the impact of humans within this landscape can be seen from the shores of Loch Tay up to the high peaks of the mountain range. The agricultural landscape was once occupied by thousands of people and is testament to how people lived during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in highland Scotland.The website provides access to project reports and diaries, as well as bibliographic details of the publications associated with the project. Images of the sites and finds are also provided. There are plans to add information and resources tailored for students and teachers.
Center for Remote Sensing is an online collection of resources on the work of the research centre at Boston University which promotes scientific research in archaeology, geography and geology. The aim of the Center is to study the Earth and its resources (including the monitoring of environmental changes), through the use of satellite images and other data from airborne and ground sensors. In 1997 the Center was selected by NASA as a "Center of Excellence in Remote Sensing". The information provided on this site includes extensive biographies of staff - including CVs and lists of publications - together with details and limited biographies of current students and extensive overviews of current and completed research projects. The site also has: a detailed listing of the facilities available at the Center; a current 'News' section; and, importantly, details on how students can undertake a program at the Center. The website is easily navigable, consisting of only seven main pages, and has logical and clear structure. Navigation is partly through an image map at the top of the page but can also be accessed through links at the bottom. No significant plug-ins are required to use the site although a QuickTime video restating the text is present on the 'Welcome' page.
This website reports on the research being undertaken by Anabel Ford at El Pilar in Belize, near the border with Guatemala. It encompasses the Belize River Archaeological Settlement Survey and the El Pilar Archaeological Reserve for Maya Flora and Fauna. Ford has been attempting to understand the origins and rise of the Maya civilisation in the tropical forests of Central America through active field research since 1983. The project has involved combining evidence from various disciplines, from archaeology to zoology. Ford's 'vision' is of an 'international friendship park on a troubled border', where cultural heritage may be preserved in its natural environment.The website contains research articles and field reports dating back to 1993. It also contains information about the people and community that have helped Ford with her work. Maps, photographs, and illustrations are all included. An 'active education' section provides multimedia displays of the community and location, and provides an introduction to Maya culture. There is also a page of links and information for anyone wishing to become more involved with the project.
The Centre for Archaeological Fieldwork Homepage is the official site of the centre, which is part of the School for Archaeology and Palaeoecology at the University of Belfast, Northern Ireland. The 'reports' section includes several full reports in PDF format. These reports can be quite large and therefore it is advised to check the size before starting any download. There are four types of reports: data structure reports, which publish full excavations; monitoring reports, which publish surveys and trial excavations; high definition building surveys, which publish the results of laser scanner studies; geophysical survey reports. Perhaps the most interesting report to a non-specialist audience is that of Tamlaght, Co. Armagh, where a Late Bronze Age hoard has been excavated. The hoard consisted of four separate copper alloy artefacts: an Eogan's class 3 sword; a Fuchsstadt-Type vessel; a Jeniovice-Type vessel; and a ring. These artefacts are probably of continental provenance and therefore important for those studying long distance trade in Late Bronze Age Europe. In the 'downloads' section, the website publishes some information on two techniques employed during archaeological research: EDM (topographical) surveys and 3D (laser scanner) surveys. The survey of Devenish Island graveyard is used as a case study. The reports on Irish archaeological sites can be useful to anybody interested in that region. The educational section on fieldwork techniques is a pleasant addition and can be very useful to students.
A description of an archaeological survey of the entire Welsh coastline. Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments (with the support of the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales), funded the four Welsh Archaeological Trusts to complete the survey with the aim of identifying areas under threat from coastal erosion, industrial development, housing and pressure from increasing numbers of visitors. The project also identified a number of sites which were not previously listed. This page describes the area surveyed by the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust. A range of archaeological features from all archaeological periods found along the Clwyd coast are briefly described and illustrated with photographs.
This Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust website contains a description of a rapid survey of all of the non-ferrous metal and phosphate mines and some of the more significant locatable trials in Clwyd and Powys. The aim of the survey was to provide a summary of the surviving physical evidence of mines and to promote better management and conservation of the remains. A brief history of mining in the area is presented along with a map and some photographs of the remains of abandoned mines. There is also a link to the wider Metal Mines survey of the area, and to a summary of the Council for British Archaeology report.
An online database of the archaeological geophysical surveys undertaken by the Archaeometry Branch of the Ancient Monuments Laboratory since 1972. The database structure and data dictionary are given. Access to the records is via clickable maps. These return records for surveys in a 10km square of the point selected. Geophysical report summaries are listed by year. Hypertext copies of reports of many surveys since 1993 are available complete with plots and interpretations. There is an online form for submitting new records to the database.
Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI) are writers of Geographic Information System software. This part of their website focuses on the use of GIS in archaeology. The site provides a discussion forum; a collection of online papers on GIS in Archaeology; articles submitted by archaeological users of ESRI GIS; a section on tools, utilities, and other software of interest to archaeology GIS users and white papers and other documents. The online articles are generally detailed and well illustrated, however most of them are on American themes.
The Fillingham project was set up to investigate a late Anglo-Saxon cemetery first discovered in 1953. Geophysical surveys and an excavation were carried out by Sheffield University in 2000. The excavations revealed that the cemetery was adjacent to an earlier Anglo-Saxon settlement. These web pages present an illustrated report of these investigations, including a geophysical survey.
Part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service's "Guides to Good Practice" series, "Geophysical Data in Archaeology: A Guide to Good Practice" concerned with the variety of data that may be produced during geophysical survey projects and how to ensure that they can be preserved in digital formats for future re-use. It is intended for use by: Creators of digital archives, including contracting and consultancy units, university-based research projects and national and local societies; Agencies and bodies commissioning archaeological fieldwork, including national heritage agencies and local authorities; Curators who will receive excavation and fieldwork digital archives, including museums, National Monuments Records and county or regional Sites and Monuments Records. The guide is an online version of a printed volume available from the AHDS, and as such is presented in the structured format of the book. The digital preservation of geophysical data is important. Effective digital archiving ensures that the data generated during a survey are available for reprocessing and re-interpretation in the future. The single most important consideration for long-term digital archiving is the accurate documentation of data, their collection and subsequent management procedures. This is necessary to ensure that people re-using the data understand both how they were created and why. It is not only the raw geophysical data measured with instruments in the field that are of concern; processed data and interpretative drawings are equally important, as is the written survey report.
This website publishes 77 geophysical survey reports published by English Heritage and caried out in the 1990s and early 2000s. Many reports have images and cover projects across England. The website refers to a database that was offline at the time of review, but the reports are online. Both students and researchers may find this website useful.
This website is published by Harald von der Osten-Woldenburg, the Geophysicist and Conservator of the department of antiquities of the state of Baden-Württemberg, (south east) Germany. He has been working on the project 'Geophysical Prospection of Archaeological Sites' for the government of Baden-Württemberg since 1991. Up to now the project has used Geomagnetics, Geoelectrics, Electromagnetic Induction and Ground Penetrating Radar and this website presents some of the results of this prospection. The website presents these results as short illustrated descriptions of the surveyed sites which can be accessed through lists based on the survey method used or from a list of site names. For some of the sites which were surveyed and later excavated there are links to more detailed archaeological reports in German and English hosted by Historical Heritage in Baden-Württemberg. The author of the site also gives a list of his publications and a link to the publisher of his book 'Unsichtbares sichtbar machen. Geophysikalische Prospektionsmethoden in der Archäologie' (Making Invisible Visible. Methods of Geophysical Prospections in Archaeology).
Part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service's "Guides to Good Practice" series, the "GIS guide to good practice" is intended to provide guidance in documenting and archiving datasets (both spatial and attribute) from Geographic Information Systems. The guide is an online version of a printed volume available from the AHDS, and as such is presented in the structured format of the book. It is aimed at individuals and organisations involved in the creation, maintenance, use and long-term preservation of GIS-based digital resources with particular emphasis on archaeological data, although the information presented has much wider disciplinary implications. The guide provides a source of useful introductory and generic information, as well as emphasising long-term preservation, archiving and effective data re-use, and the importance of adhering to recognised standards and the recording of essential pieces of information.
This website seeks to describe the principles behind ground-penetrating radar (GPR) via a selection of archaeological surveys made using such technology. The website explains what GPR is, and what equipment is required. Of great interest is section "My recent articles" where there are several academic papers and publications on the topic free to access. The creation of two-dimensional sections and three-dimensional plots is described, and images of these can be seen in the case studies provided. Several of these case studies are ongoing, and so the findings are only at a preliminary stage. There are links to other websites about GPR in archaeology as well as links to various publications on the subject.
The Hillforts of the Ridgeway Project is a long-term research project centred on the Ridgeway and the northern Berkshire Downs. The focus is on continuity and change during the later Prehistoric and Romano-British Periods. Work so far has centred on White Horse Hill, Segsbury Camp, Alfred's Castle, and Marcham/Frilford. Segsbury Camp (also known as Letcombe Castle) is an iron-age fort; Alfred's Castle is a small, hexagonal earthwork enclosure; and the Marcham/Frilford excavations have begun with a Romano-British amphitheatre. Reports are given for each year of excavations outlining aims and results. The website includes information on the 'Segbury art project', which features the work of British painter Simon Callery who followed the archaeological team's excavations. Newspaper articles about the project are also provided.
This is the official website of the Institut für Raumbezogene Informations- und Messtechnik, Fachhochschule Mainz (Institute for Spatial Information and Surveying Technology, University of Applied Sciences, Mainz). The institute specialises in surveying, especially using computing and GIS technologies. Some of the research carried out by the institute encompasses the fields of archaeology and ancient history directly, although the geographic applications may also be of use to archaeologists. In the Projects section, the website publishes some short notices (often in English) of work carried out in the past. The full-text of many of the papers listed in the Publications section is available in PDF format; for others, only abstracts are given. A number of papers concentrate on landscape archaeology and present case-studies from all over Europe. Both the Projects and Publications sections can be browsed by technology employed or subject. The Diploma Theses section is of great interest as it details current research in the institute. The pages of the graduate students normally include a short abstract and a few pictures of the work done, but some contain posters, full theses and papers freely available in PDF format, video animations, computer graphics and virtual reality models. The Competencies section is an educational sub-site presenting the technologies that are taught at the institute, including: 3D Scanning; photogrammetry; remote sensing; cartography; surveying including GPS; and GIS.
This Web page describes the Arts and Humanities Research Council/Arts Council England funded research undertaken by Dr Damian Murphy into the acoustic characteristics of non-traditional performance venues. Focussing on acoustic archaeology, four spaces (Maes Howe Passage Tomb; Hamilton Mausoleum; St. Andrew's Church, Lyddington; York Minster) were surveyed using standardized methods of impulse response and results recorded in a database. The website includes impulse responses created in each space (as Wav files) as well as descriptions of the sites measured. Additionally, there are links to related publications, some of which outline the measuring techniques used.
The Industrial Minerals in the Aegean website is the official website of a research project at the University of Glasgow. The project focused on the mining of industrial minerals on Greek islands such as Melos, Samos, Lemnos and Kea. It includes pages on Melian alum and sulphur as well as general pages on archaeological discoveries in these islands. There are a few pages concentrating on surveys and geoarchaeological studies in the region. Texts are short, but there are some picture and an essential bibliography of recent research. The interdisciplinary (archaeology and geology) research on industrial minerals in antiquity in the Aegean is a good introduction to this field of research and an excellent case-study of successful interdisciplinary projects that may be of particular interest to researchers.
This website is an online repository of recent documents for staff and students at the Institute of Anthropological and Spatial Studies (IAP), part of the Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ZRC SAZU). Among the papers and theses, those on GIS applications and the "Adriatic islands project" may interest a broader audience. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
The Journal of Cave and Karst Studies is a full-text, online version of the from the National Speleological Society. The journal contains papers on various disciplines, including cave archaeology. Three issues are published each year and these are freely available in PDF format. Past issue topics included: stable isotope analysis of human remains; cave archaeology in the Appalachian Mountains; cave archaeology of Belize (including the ritual use of a cave); Maya cave art; cave archaeology in North America; intensive mineral mining in Cave Mammoth Region, Kentucky, and its relationship with early farming; and osteological comparison of prehistoric Native Americans (osteoarchaeology). Volume 59 (1), April 1997 is a special issue on cave archaeology.
The home page for the Journal of Field Archaeology, one of the leading periodicals for landscape archaeology, field techniques and intellectual issues related to the theory and practice of applied fieldwork. The website includes abstracts for all published articles, which are searchable by either topic or author, from 1974 onwards, with more detailed information on the most recent volumes. Guidelines for submission, editorial policy and subscription information are also provided, including several reproduced essays on the wider intellectual and practical issues of book reviews and graphic illustration in journals. The areas in which the journal publishes includes: field reports and technical and methodological studies that relate to actual archaeological data, both of which are selected on the basis of broader intellectual interest rather than specific regional significance; review articles on specific regions or topics; occasional essays on the history of archaeology in major geographical areas, or with respect to research topics of general archaeological concern. Brief preliminary reports describing the results of recent fieldwork or other research can also be found. This resource provides a useful source of bibliographical and review literature for practical and research archaeologists in many fields and specialisations.
This project website is run by the Centre for Maritime Archaeology, part of the Department of Archaeology at the University of Southampton. The 'Kravel Project' undertook the survey and recording of a wreck found in the Nämdö Fjord area of the Baltic, near Stockholm. Known as the 'kravel' (Swedish for carvel), the wreck is thought to be early 16th century in date and was originally identified as the Lybska Svan (Swan of Lubeck) - the flagship of Gustav Eriksson Vasa, King of Sweden (1523-1560). The website is split into small sections, each detailing a different aspect of the project, such as the ship itself, its discovery, the subsequent recording. A list of maritime archaeology references are provided.
The website "Aerial Archaeology in Northern France" explores the possibilites offered by this archaeological method appplied to the region Picardie, Somme and Churmont. First developed as a result of wartime military photography during the First World War and later in the deserts of the Middle East during the 1920s, aerial archaeology has become a major tool for studying and reconstructing ancient landscape features, many of which are otherwise invisible from the ground. The method and practice of aerial archaeology was pioneered in the 1950sarchaeologist Roger Agache in the rural landscape of his native Picardy. The resource provides a wide-ranging introduction to the discipline of aerial reconnaissance from the choice of the appropriate technology (for example planes, helicopters, balloons and elevated cranes) to the optimal environmental conditions for identifying and photographing sub-soil features. A searchable database of aerial photographs is complemented by a useful synthesis of the history of the countryside revealed from aerial archaeology from the time of the first farmers in the 5th millennium BC to the development of the modern rural landscape. The biographic portrait of Roger Agache serves as a brief history of developments in aerial archaeology since WWII. Other features include an extensive bibliography, a chronological chart of sites known from aerial reconnaissance from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Middle Ages and a didactic interactive game for younger readers of the website. This website is an important resource for the study of the development of the northern French rural landscape and will interest a wide range of students and researchers in both archaeology and history and their related disciplines.
The website of the Moab Archaeological Resource Survey (MARS), which has been exploring the Madaba Plain in modern Jordan since 1999. Although Moab is best known as an Old Testament kingdom in frequent contact and conflict with the kings of Israel and Judah, and later for its numerous Byzantine churches, the area is rich in archaeological remains of many periods. The chief focus of MARS is on the development of urban society and its subsequent collapse over the course of the late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age (c. 3500-2000 BC) by studying changes in settlement pattern and material culture through surface survey, mapping and limited excavation at a limited number of sites in the western part of the Madaba Plain (Khirbet Qarn al-Qubish, Murayghat and Libb) which may have functioned as a single settlement system. The cluster of over 60 dolmens (megalithic monuments) at Murayghat, thus far unique in the Madaba area, may have been a religious or ritual focus for the surrounding settlements and provide links to a cultural phenomenon observed elsewhere in Israel and Palestine in the EB period. The resource, directed by Dr Stephen Savage of the Department of Anthropology at Arizona State University, provides attractively illustrated summaries of the 2000 and 2001 seasons which include detailed discussions (with bibliography) of the academic debate about the development of complex societies in the ancient Levant and of the methodologies employed in the Madaba region. There is also information for prospective members of the next survey season. This website will interest undergraduate and graduate students and researchers in Near Eastern archaeology and related subjects. Some links on the site were broken at the time of last review.
The Morea Project is a joint project between Oxford University, the University of Minnesota and the University of Pennsylvania, with the aim of studying Greek vernacular architecture in the Western Peloponnese from the medieval period through to 1950 AD. The 1993 preliminary report and a GIS methodology paper are available. Utilizing methodologies from GIS, landscape archaeology, architectural history and the study of folklore, the projects goals are to document the remaining architectural evidence from the Byzantine, Frankish, Turkish and early modern periods and to develop a chronology and typology of buildings for the 13th to mid-20th centuries. The project utilizes GIS (Geographical Information Systems) and remotely sensed Landsat images coupled with GPS (Global Positioning Systems) to pinpoint potential sites.
This website presents the results of intensive archaeological fieldwork by the Nemea Valley Archaeological Project (NVAP-AS) in the Nemea Valley in the southern Cointhia, Greece. There is a special emphasis on the landscape of the Mycenaean period c1600-1100 B.C. but the area also includes the important sanctuary of Zeus at Nemea itself and was home to several poleis or city-states in the Archaic-Classical periods. The website will be a useful source of archaeological and bibliographic information for students and researchers studying the landscape development of this part of Greece from the Neolithic to the Byzantine period. It includes a complete list of relevant publications between 1982-1995 as well as numerous maps and plans of the survey area. The latter includes several three dimensional images of the local topography together with distribution maps of archaeological sites.The many images in the main text can be down-loaded but the editors recommend the use of a 'hard' Ethernet connection as they load very slowly.
This website provides aerial photographs of some of the Maori earthwork fortifications scattered across New Zealand. The Maori word for such a fortification is 'pa', and there are about 6,000 in all, mostly the product of widespread warfare in the pre-European period from about A.D. 1500 to A.D. 1800.The website explains the characteristic features of a pa, and supplies oblique or low oblique (near vertical) images of some of those that the author has photographed. Site navigation is via a clickable map.
The North Kharga Oasis Survey (NKOS) is co-directed by Corinna Rossi (Cambridge University) and Salima Ikram (American University in Cairo). The survey is focusing on the northern area of the Kharga Oasis, Egypt's Western Desert. This website contains preliminary summaries of the fieldwork seasons; short descriptions with a few pictures of the main sites investigated; maps; and a bibliography of books and papers produced as a result of the survey. The area was an important crossroad between Egypt and south and west Africa in antiquity and was the most important alternative route to the Nile Valley. The information provided by this website is scanty and short of a preliminary report, but researchers interested in the region will find essential information and a useful list of publications to expand their knowledge. The survey has received funding from the National Geographic Society.
Photogrammetric Reconstruction of the Geoglyphs of Nasca and Palpa is the website of a project to measure and map the geoglyphs in the area north of the Peruvian town of Nasca, in the Nasca pampa and in the Palpa area. The geoglyphs are large-scale landscape markings made of lines several kilometres long, depicting rectangles and trapezoids; human figures on hillsides; and animals and plants. This unique monument was declared World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 1994. In order to make a geoglyph, darkly oxidized stones of the natural desert pavement were removed and heaped along the border of the cleared areas, thereby revealing a bright layer of sand and silt standing out in strong constrast to the surrounding undisturbed surface. The carvings date from around 3800 BC (earliest date), and cover about 450 sq. km of the desert surface.
This website publishes some 3D views resulting by the GIS investigations in the "Results" section. The "links" section is not to be missed: unusually it contains academic papers in PDF format in addition to active links to websites of related projects. Although the pages of this website may be useful primarily to students interested in GIS applications, section "links" will please mostly researchers.
Sir Flinders Petrie's 1880/82 survey of the Giza plateau which included the Great Pyramid of Khufu and the relatively unknown Trial Site is probably the most detailed Egyptian study ever undertaken by a surveyor. This website presents the original 1883 edition of 'The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh' which is complete with all measurements and accounts of technical work, much of which was dropped in the later 1885 edition. The chapters of the book are available from the opening index as separate web pages and the associated illustrations may be accessed either from the index or from hyperlinks in the text. Links are provided to pages dealing with metrology and ancient Egyptian measuring systems and also to other sites devoted to metrology and ancient Egypt. Some measures have been updated with more recent data. This is a specialist resource for Egyptologists.
The website of the EU funded project RADIO-PAST (radiography of the past) publishes information about the project and its teaching and research activities. The project has its base at Ammaia (a Roman site), Portugal, where most field activities are being carried out. A gallery of images shows many artefacts and architectural structures from Ammaia; there are also short videos and panoramic images. The website also briefly presents many remote sensing technologies, including aerial photography; LiDAR; georadar; magnetometer; digital elevation models; field surveys; virtual modelling; and material culture studies.These encompass airborne remote sensing; geophysical survey; topographical and geomorphological survey; and field survey. In addition to present the technologies, short reports have been made available of all trials made using these and other techniques at Ammaia; there is an updated bibliography. The navigation of this website is very neat. Students interested in field methodologies and techniques as well as anyone interested in Roman Ammaia may find this website useful.
The Remote Sensing Archaeology Research at NASA website presents illustrative examples of remote sensing technologies to archaeological research. Remote sensing archaeology uses technological tools to explore ground features from a distance. This branch of archaeology includes aerial and satellite photography. NASA has pioneered the use of satellite photography in archaeology and has carried out detailed research on a few Mesoamerican sites. The website introduces remote sensing technologies, including: Colour Infrared Film (CIR); Thermal Infrared Multispectral Scanner (TIMS); Airborne Oceanographic Lidar (ADI); Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR); Microwave Radar; and others. NASA has discovered footpaths and roads at Arenal Volcano and Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, whilst forest change and agricultural expansion have been studied at The Petén, Guatemala. These sites only serve as case-studies for the application of technologies and are not examined in detail. However, the texts, and particularly the pictures, clarify the potential of these technologies. References to other archaeological sites where NASA technology has been successfully applied appear in many parts of the website. A selected bibliography and contact details of NASA personnel specialised in this field of research are provided.
This website gives a full transcription of the progress report of the archaeological survey of western India for the year 1898. It includes a facsimile of the title page of the government publication in which it was made public, as well as copies of the maps and photographs it included, which can be expanded by clicking on the thumbnail versions included in the document. The survey itself was a detailed examination of the excavations and tours carried out by members of the Survey during the year and the report gives details of sites visited, the progress of digs and a list of those areas in which sites of archaeological interest were found. A useful reproduction of an official document of interest to those studying Indian archaeological history.
The South Cadbury environs project summarizes the annual field reports from the archaeological investigations, 1994-2000. Cadbury Castle has been subject to intensive investigation since 1966 but the immediate hinterland has received little attention. The aim of the South Cadbury Environs Project is to characterise in more detail the cultural identity of the region centred upon the hillfort in later prehistory through to the Romano-British period. Excavations, geophysical surveys and surface collection are carried out at a number of sites close to the hillfort and reports of these are presented on the website. A page describes a late Bronze Age shield found during the excavation of a ditch. It is recommended to login (with the provided data on the login page) to the website before accessing any other page in order to activate some features.
This website provides a description of the geophysical survey conducted in five sites around the Cranborne Chase by Bournemouth University School of Conservation Sciences. The sites were identified by aerial photography. The five sites are close to a cursus and in an area rich in Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments. Four of the sites proved to have monuments and for each there is a photograph of the location with the outline of the monument superimposed; an aerial photograph showing the monument as a crop mark; and the results of the geophysical surveys. The Handley Down enclosure and the Manor Farm sites were further investigated with contour surveys and limited excavation. Digital terrain models and excavation plans and sections are given for these sites. Students in particular may find this website useful.
This is the website of the Sydney Cyprus Survey Project. Originally based at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, the Sydney Cyprus Survey Project aims to examine settlement hierarchy, mining and agricultural practices and the regional context of human activity in the Troodos foothills area of Cyprus. Now based at Glasgow University, the project has undergone five seasons of field research and one study season. Available from the webpage is an introduction covering the project's aims, methodologies and a brief overview of previous seasons' results. More detailed field reports are also available, supported by maps and images. Data from the project have been archived by the ADS. This website provides some useful information on the project for both researchers and students.
The Northamptonshire National Mapping Programme is a digital copy of the Management report charting the progress of the mapping and interpretation stage of the project. The project has mapped over 14,000 archaeological sites visible in aerial photographs of the county. There is an interactive map (pop-ups must be allowed) and several files (primarily texts and aerial photos) can be downloaded.
This website provides information from the Theban Mapping Project (TMP). Established in 1978, the project aims to build "a comprehensive archaeological database of Thebes", the ancient Egyptian capital. This website documents the project's mapping of the tombs in the Valley of the Kings. It includes two online atlases, both delivered via a Flash interface: the 'Atlas of the Theban Necropolis', providing detailed aerial mapping; and the 'Atlas of the Valley of the Kings'. This second atlas provides detailed descriptions of more than sixty royal tombs, including videos, plans, and images. It also includes a 3D narrated tour of the tomb of Tausert and Setnakht (19th and 20th Dynasties). As well as the maps, the site hosts a number of well-illustrated essays and articles on tomb development, the history of the Valley of the Kings, mortuary beliefs and practices, and the ongoing excavations of KV 5 (the tomb of the sons of Rameses II). A resources section contains a bibliography, glossary, links to other relevant Internet sites, and advice on becoming an Egyptologist. A timeline provides a useful overview of Egyptian history from pre-history to the end of the Byzantine period. This is a first-class website that should be useful for students and scholars at all levels.
This is the website of Time Team, the popular Channel 4 archaeology programme providing an in-depth guide both to the contents of the television programme over the past 10 years as well as an introduction to many aspects of archaeology for the general public and for amateur archaeologists. The website uses a hypertext medium to link the contents of the television programmes since 1997 with an explanatory framework for understanding archaeology and how it is practised in the contemporary world. The programmes themselves feature an impressive range of archaeological sites ranging from a Dinosaur dig in Montana to recent industrial sites. Bibliographic references and WWW links abound. The reader is also provided with a period by period introduction to British Archaeology, illustrated with reference to episodes of the Time Team series and linked to an A-Z of archaeological terms and to an attractive interactive timeline which relates historical events and relevant archaeological sites explored by the Team.The 'Time Detectives' section allows you to do an assessment of an imaginary archaeology site threatened by developers and while 'Dig Deeper' provides an excellent guide for amateurs to get involved in practical archaeology, academic research and browsing the WWW for archaeological resources. The site also features an online discussion forum and information on how to join the Time Team club, abstracts from whose newsletter are also provided. QuickTime is required for the video interviews with Time Team members. While this impressively presented and highly informative web resource is obviously aimed at the general public, it will also be of interest to students of archaeology at all levels who will benefit from the clear overview of the subject, particularly to those wanting to keep abreast of areas outside their subject focus.
This site has been compiled by the French Ministry of Culture and Communication and includes information about explorers, diving equipment, and exploration, examining shipwrecks around the French and other coasts. The site describes many aspects of underwater archaeology. From the home page the user can branch off into five subjects: the history of the discipline and its attendant technology; the techniques used; the exploration of current underwater archaeological sites; the organisations engaged in the discipline; and a separate section on La Grotte Cosquer (the Cosquer cave), a marine cave near Marseilles with some marvellous Neolithic paintings (including some charming penguins). Each of these sub-sections is further divided, so that "techniques", for example, offers a wealth of information on exploration, robotic submersibles, diving equipment of various types, conservation, restoration, carbon dating, dendrochronology, radiography, and other topics, while "Research Teams" offers links to research institutes, laboratories and museums.Analyses of a number of underwater sites (predominantly shipwrecks) are provided, organised by geographical region. Clickable maps give access to pages describing the sites and artefacts recovered from them. Each site has a page with photographs of finds and links to more detailed bibliographical information. The site is smartly presented and available in English, French, and Arabic. It is designed to appeal to the general user, although professional archaeologists should also find elements of the site useful.
On-line reports of a multi-disciplinary archaeology project in the Upper Tigris valley in south-eastern Turkey led by the University of Utah, a relatively unexplored area which is increasingly threatened by modern economic development such as dam construction. Defined in classic core-periphery terms, this region acted as a frontier zone, from the 4th and 3rd millennia BC onwards, between the expanding urban societies of Mesopotamia and the relatively underdeveloped, but resource rich, areas of the Anatolian highlands. UTARP is a long-term project, initiated in 1998, which combines broad-scale landscape approaches with more intensive survey and exploration based on settlement sites such as Boztepe, Talavash Tepe and Kenan Tepe, the last of which is the focus on a long-term excavation project. A particular theme is the relationship between local populations and the colonial and economic powers who attempted to dominate this area from the Ubaid period onwards and as late as Assyrian, Persian and Hellenistic periods. The website provides a series of detailed annual reports (including specialist accounts of mettalurgical and other artefactual material) from a variety of sources outlining the results of successive campaigns since 1999, though it is unclear from the website if the project has been affected by political problems in the region. The multi-scale interactive maps and quality images of sites and artefacts are complemented by a video introduction to the site using Quicktime and Windows Media while detailed bibliographies are provided for further research on individual sites and broader issues. This resource will benefit undergraduate and researchers of Near Eastern archaeology as well as those interested in broader world archaeology issues such as large-scale economic interactions, landscape approaches and fieldwork methods.
The 'West Yorkshire Archaeology Service Geophysical Surveys: Digital Archive', hosted by the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), is a collection of reports and datasets from 13 sites around West Yorkshire that have undergone geophysical investigation by the West Yorkshire Archaeology Service (WYAS). The archive is searchable using an interactive 'map search' feature. Each site contains Introduction and Overview sections detailing the archaeological background and the context of the current investigation. Detailed information regarding the types of survey and the techniques employed are provided in these sections. The reports are also available for download in Microsoft Word DOC and plain text formats. Also available for download alongside the reports are associated figures and images, usually present as GIF or JPEG images. The raw field data resulting from the various surveys is archived using WYAS's in-house software - 'Geocon' and 'Contours' - and is available as compressed '.zip' files to simplify downloading. Gradiometry and Resistivity are employed on sites in Leeds, Wakefield, Pontefract and Meltham, amongst others present in the archive.
This project aims to articulate the processes underlying the evolution of ancient societies where the earliest Chinese states emerged. Focussing on the Yi-Luo Valley region in Western Henan, an international group of archaeologists has analysed the growth and expansion of settlements from the Late Peiligang to the Zhou period (about 6,000 BC to 206 BC). A full report on the project is now available online as a special issue of the journal "Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association"; all sections are available as independent papers in PDF format.
York Archaeological Trust (YAT) is an online collection of information on the work of the Trust in both archaeology and education. Information regarding several of York's attractions that are under the remit of YAT, including: the Jorvik Viking Centre; the Archaeological Resource Centre (ARC); and Barley Hall, is provided, along with: a news section; image gallery; and a catalogue of publications. Also provided are links to other relevant archaeological websites and several current feature articles that change periodically.