This website describes an AHRC-funded project investigating the potential uses of 3D colour laser scanning for the conservation and research of museum objects, as well as their interpretation and display. The project brings together conservators, educators, scientists and curators through a series of workshops, practical sessions and a conference, to discuss the application of the technology and raise awareness of its uses, culminating in a publication (forthcoming).
The Archaeological Leather Group brings together archaeologists, textile specialists and conservators to study leather artefacts. Their web site provides information about the Group and its work, including updates on conferences, publications and meetings. There is an extensive bibliography for those wishing to carry out research on this subject, and a link to practical guidance provided by the document "Guidelines for the care of waterlogged archaeological leather" which the Group published in partnership with English Heritage in 1995 (available as a free PDF download from the English Heritage web site).
"Archaeology in the Reconstruction of Beirut" is an online collection of papers, articles and reports regarding the archaeology of Beirut. Throughout its turbulent history, the physical fabric of Beirut has undergone waves of destruction, demolition and decay, followed by periods of extensive reconstruction. Beirut is undergoing a new phase of reconstruction and, consequently, many of the physical remains of the past are being swept away. This website presents a collection of texts, which not only highlight this problem but also demonstrate how archaeology can play a vital role in Beirut's reconstruction. The collection comprises excavation reports, background materials, discussion articles and images.
The website of the Association for the Study of Marble and Other Stones In Antiquity (ASMOSIA) provides information on the history and activities of the association, including membership information. The association is active in the field of restoration and conservation, promoting the combination of applied sciences (archaeometry) with traditional archaeology. A list of the proceedings, notes for authors and by laws of the association are available on the website. The newsletter is published online in PDF format. Both researchers and students may find this website useful.
This website contains a selection of the free online ‘Occasional Papers’ published by the British Museum. At the time of writing, these (the result of specific research into the museum’s collections) were varied in range and included: ‘A researcher's guide to the Lachish collection in the British Museum’ covering the 17,000 objects from the 1930s British excavations at Lachish in Israel; ‘Sir Aurel Stein, proceedings of the British Museum study day’ a useful reference for the study of the “scholar, explorer, author”; ‘Albrecht Dürer and his Legacy ‘, the result of a conference accompanying the landmark 2002 exhibition of the same name; ‘Cleaning and Controversy: The Parthenon Sculptures 1811-1939’ a study of the controversial 1930s cleaning of the Elgin marbles, and the historical context of this; ‘Development and evaluation of the HSBC Money Gallery at the British Museum’ a narration the creation of a new and important gallery at the museum, and a study of its impact; ‘Access to Museum Culture: the British Museum from 1753 to 1836’ a study of the early access arrangements to the museum’s collections. Each of these PDF documents is broken down by chapter for ease of reference and speed of download.
The "Bureau for Recovering and Investigating Iraqi Looted Antiquities" has been instituted following the first Gulf war during 1990-1991 with the purpose of trace the antiquities looted from the museum of Baghdād during that period. Following the start of the second Gulf war, the "Arma dei Carabinieri" troops deployed in Iraq have prepared in 2003 a database listing 730 out of about 3,500 artefacts in the inventory of the museum that were missing; it is possible to perform online searches of the database through this website. A second database lists the few artefacts that have been recovered so far, and has been compiled by the "Centro Ricerche Archeologiche e Scavi di Torino" in five days of field work at the museum. During the same occasion, all artefacts, mainly seals and beads, that have been found in the museum and were not in the inventory have been photographed. A third database, a gallery of pictures, publishes all the photographs taken; these pictures may be the only existing documentation of some artefacts.
Provided by the Institute of Conservation, this is a register of accredited conservator-restorers in the UK and Ireland. The website allows the user to search for a local conservator-restorer by location or name, as well as offering a wealth of guidance to get the best out of working with one, as well as information about caring for artefacts and buildings.
The Conservation Research Laboratory (CRL) is part of the Nautical Archaeology Program at Texas A&M University. The laboratory deals primarily with the conservation of archaeological material from shipwrecks and other underwater sites. Recent projects include treating all the material recovered from the Belle, a ship lost by the French explorer, La Salle in 1686. The site also includes current CRL project reports.
The Conservation Research Laboratory (CRL) at the Nautical Archaeology at the Texas A&M University specialises in conserving archaeological artefacts and materials remained underwater for some time. This website publishes a series of reports and other data on several research projects carried out by the laboratory. 14 reports discuss issues involved in the conservation of artefacts found underwater. Compiled for a course, they include: silicone and polymer technologies, treatment of waterlogged wood, leather, rope, cork, corn cobs, kelp specimens and tanning of animal hides. There is a useful conservation manual by Dr Donny L. Hamilton and several illustrated papers, some of which are useful case studies for students. Researchers can contact the laboratory should they need some services. Both researchers and students may find this website useful.
Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project is an online collection of digital photographs and measurements based on a large marble street plan of the ancient city, completed around the start of the third century AD. Parts of it survive in numerous fragments, the assembly of which into a coherent 'jigsaw' has long challenged archaeologists. Stanford University's Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project has collected high definition digital photographs and computer measurements of the 1186 surviving fragments (these may be viewed here) and is now aiming to develop computer algorithms that might help to establish a more useful searchable version of the map. The user interface for the selection from Stanford's database which been made so far is available online. This site, though, is the news page for the technical side of the project. It contains a detailed description of the process which the Stanford team is developing, which will be of interest to those who seek to bring the latest technology to bear on ancient problems. The site also offers background information on the original map itself, as well as a detailed annotated bibliography of relevant reference works. There are also useful press reports and news updates about the progress of the project.
This website is a blog by Matthew Taylor that promotes the campaign for the return of the Elgin Marbles in the British Museum to Greece. On this blog the authors publishes many articles from different sources on the return of the marbles to Greece and the Acropolis Museum that has been built in Athens in the hope of their return. The author also signals some recent cases of plundering (e.g. Iraq); cases of restitutions of looted antiquities; and requests to museums to return antiquities. The repatriation of cultural heritage is a very sensitive issue and international organisations such as ICOM are already issuing calls for the repatriation of some cultural artefacts. This website can be useful to understand the reasons behind such calls. Students should be aware that this website does not present the reasons that museums may have for keeping the antiquities. Internet Explorer may be required to access this website.
The Parthenon Marbles were brought to London by Lord Elgin between 1801 and 1805 and from his name has been coined the term "elginism", which means an act of cultural vandalism.
Access to the website from Intute may require a refresh of the loaded website.
"The future of Albania’s past" project is outlined in this website, which includes copies of some Albanian and European laws on the preservation of archaeological heritage. Of particular importance is a bibliographic database of many Albanian archaeological sites, accessible under "Archaeological Information", and then selecting "Search in Archive". The database also contains some basic information on the archaeological sites. Searches can be carried out using a variety of geographical or archaeological parameters. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
The Kampuchea Country of Legend website contains an image database of temples in Cambodia compiled by enthusiast David MacCartney. There are also some descriptions of the temples but they are often only in French. By clicking on the temple thumbnails, a site visitor can access maps, photographs, and sometimes the relevant Google satellite aerial photograph. Also on this website, history of Cambodia, current cultural information, and descriptions of the Angkor religion can be found in French and English. Angkor Wat, probably the most famous Cambodian temple complex, built in the early 12th century, is a unique combination of two common Khmer architecture temple styles: the temple mountain and the galleried temple. The temple has many levels: the higher the level, the more exclusive.
This is the website of the Laboratory for Wood Anatomy and Dendrochronology. The main research interest of the Laboratory is the construction of reference chronologies on oak, pine and spruce for different regions of Sweden. Other research fields are dendroclimatological studies on living conifers (pine and spruce) in Sweden, and dendrochronology on Arctic driftwood to study the palaeo-oceanography of the Arctic Sea. The wood-anatomical research is mainly devoted to charcoal identifications of material from archaeological excavations. Pages on the site explain dendrochronology and introduce projects being undertaken at the Laboratory for Wood Anatomy and Dendrochronology. There are also links to other related websites, links to recently published papers by staff at the project and a list of publications for sale.
'Looking forward to the past' is the website of a 2006 one-day conference organised by the AHRB and the CCLRC to "stimulate collaborations between those researching the materials of our cultural heritage in art, archaeology, the built environment and conservation." The well-designed website has full details of the conference, and offers a downloadable conference "abstract book" in PDF format. There is also a section for 'Oral & Poster Abstracts', that contains PDF copies of posters and MS Powerpoint slides from the spoken presentations. There are free copies of the nine pre-conference mailshots to download. There are useful direct Web links, to the Parliamentary Select Committee report on 'Science and Heritage' and to the Government reply.
Mediterraneum is a print journal concerned with the protection of cultural and environmental heritage, and in particular to consider the issues relating to the survival of historical memory when cultural artefacts are destroyed (whether in war or natural disasters). The website provides information, in Italian and English, about the remit of the journal and tables of contents for published issues.
This is the official website of the Guimet Museum of Asian art, Paris. The website contains short texts about the history of museum, galleries of photographs about its collections (Afghanistan and Pakistan; Himalaya; Central Asia; China; Korea; India; and Japan); a series of illustrated articles on temporary exhibitions (most are available in the French version only) among which is the lavishly illustrated text on "Afghanistan, les trésors retrouvés" (Afghanistan, rediscovered treasures); a splendid virtual tour of the whole museum using QuickTime panoramas (available in low and high resolution); and other sections for the general public or visitors of the museum. The many pictures may be useful to illustrate presentations or essays. In section "about the museum" are some articles on archaeological research carried out by members of the museum, including the "Indus and Mehrgarh" mission, which has explored Mehrgarh (traces of successive settlements from the aceramic Neolithic period dated between the end of the 8th and the beginning of the 7th millennium BC to 2600 BC, before the beginning of the Indus civilisation); Nausharo (settlement that yielded evidence of the stylistic development of Harappan ceramics); and Pirak (settlement dated at the end of the Indus civilisation, between 1900 and 1800 BC, where the appearance of miniatures of horsemen, horses and two-humped camels, animals previously absent from the archaeological record, suggest significant changes in the society; iron appears from 1200 BC). The article about the French Mongolian mission reports the discovery of two main categories of tombs: "large tombs set on a north-south axis, complete with a funerary walkway ending in a square terrace enclosed by low, dry stone walls; and small tombs, generally circular, surrounded by a ring of flat stones marking the circumference". There are also pictures showing the work done by dentists in 9000 BC Baluchistan. Section "behind the scenes" publishes short illustrated articles about the conservation of artefacts such as a 6th century AD stone funerary couch from China.
The National Committee on Carved Stones in Scotland (NCCS) was formed in 1993 in response to the threats (both human and natural) facing Scotland's carved stones. Its goals are to increase awareness of these dangers, to promote appreciation of the carved stones, to encourage a greater understanding of them, and to develop a common approach to their recording, publication and preservation. The website presents information regarding the role of the NCSS and highlights some of the issues associated with Scottish carved stones. Advice on sources of relevant information, and guidance on specific topics (such as recording, preservation, and the moving or sheltering of carved stones) is also available, along with sections detailing publications and past conferences. A news section gives information about forthcoming events and conferences held by the NSCC, whilst a membership section allows interested visitors to become more involved in the organisation and its work. Finally, a small image gallery towards the bottom of the home page gives an idea of the types and styles, and indeed beauty, of the carvings in question. The website is easily navigable, and is suitable for most browsers.
This website details the archaeological research conducted in the Sanctuary of Poseidon at Isthmia (Ancient Korinth or Corinth, Greece) by Ohio State University. Isthmia was one of the four great Panhellenic sanctuaries, active from the Archaic period through the end of Antiquity, with a rich period of medieval use as well. This website details this work, and information can be found about: the site, including the sanctuary of Poseidon and the Roman bath; preliminary reports since 1992; the fieldwork carried out by The Ohio state University since 1987; related projects including Dokos and Agios Vasilios; bibliography and other resources; and news. This website has been identified as a model site by the staff of Archaeology magazine, an official publication of the Archaeological Institute of America.
This Committee report stems from an examination of the proposed export of HMS 'Cavalier', decommissioned in 1972, to Malaysia to become part of a museum of shipping. Although the bid failed, the inquiry highlighted the lack of a coherent national policy for preserving historic ships. This report, which includes images of and background information on HMS 'Cavalier', explores the implications of this case for national policy, and provides a set of recommendations for the government, the Department of Trade and Industry and the Heritage Lottery Fund regarding ship preservation and the funding of historic ship conservation.
Saving Antiquities For Everyone (SAFE) is a non-profit organisation that provides news on the state of looting and illicit trade of antiquities worldwide. The organisation provides news alerts via a mailing list and its website. The organisation organises a series of events (principally conferences and fund-raising parties); it also accepts donations via its website. The website is very informative about the problem of looting and the legislation that individual countries are adopting to contrast this phenomenon. SAFE is also concerned about looting of antiquities in war-torn regions and has an active program aimed at educating people. Several news articles contain colour photographs of looted antiquities; past news articles are archived in a section of the same website. Some audio interviews (e.g. Roger Atwood on Stealing History; Patty Gerstenblith on Legal issues; and Donny George Youkhanna on Iraq) are available in MP4 format from the podcasts section. Safe offers internships and has open positions for volunteers. It is also possible to join the organisation and collaborate as members or participate at special events.
The Trust for African Rock Art (TARA) is an independent non-profit organisation dedicated to preserving ancient rock art in Africa. TARA is based in Kenya. The website offers full information about the organisation and its aims, plus news, five free newsletters for download, and exhibition listings. TARA claims an "an extensive library of over 70,000 African rock art images" and there is a gallery on the website showing 17 examples images. Prints may be purchased. There is a listing of rock art sites open to the public in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.
The "Web Journal on Cultural Patrimony" is an academic publication by the University of Naples L'Orientale; the Osservatorio Permanente per la Protezione dei Beni Culturali ed Ambientali in Area di Crisi (Protection of Cultural Heritage in Areas of Crisis Watch); and the Al Quds University of Jerusalem. It publishes papers on the protection and destruction of cultural heritage in areas of political instability or armed conflict; on restoring cultural heritage; and on the impact of urban redevelopment on the existing cultural heritage. At the time of review, the first issue contained papers on surviving medieval houses in Naples; the destruction of cultural heritage in Nigeria; restorations in Lithuania; urban redevelopment in Shanghai, China; reports on new research on cultural heritage; and book reviews. Papers like "The Diachronic Sociolinguistic Situation in Sindh" by M. Qasim Bughio and "The Lhasa Jokhang - is the world's oldest timber frame building in Tibet?" by André Alexander demonstrate the broadness of studies published, which encompass all aspects of cultural heritage. All papers are available free and full-text in PDF format; they are lavishly illustrated with colour pictures and maps and available in English or Italian. Since this journal focuses on a very broad subject, it may be useful to many researchers in archaeology and probably architects interested in urban redevelopment and the challenges posed by the existing cultural heritage.
'Where Rivers Meet: Landscape, Ritual, Settlement and the Archaeology of River Gravels' is the substantial online record of a major British research project examining the religious and landscape archaeology of... "the confluence of the Trent and Tame Rivers, Staffordshire" in the Midlands of England - the confluence of three or more rivers and streams in one location being thought places of special sacred meaning by the pre-Roman peoples of the British Isles. The project was "funded by the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund and administered by English Heritage" and covered an area 3.5 miles by 7 miles. At August 2008 the site contains pages detailing: the project aims; the archaeology of the study area; the impact of quarrying in the area; the project team; and the survey and analytical techniques.