This is the website of the Amsterdams Archeologisch Centrum (AAC), which focuses on Middle and Modern Ages archaeology in the Netherlands and aborad. The website provides some basic information about the centre, including a "mission statement". Among the projects outlined are a few Roman digs in the Netherlands and the excavation of Satricum in the Italian peninsula. Each project has a sub-section with further information, maps and a short bibliographic note. A database publishes sheets from the notebooks written during excavations by members of the centre. Stratigraphic sequences are common. This website may be useful especially to researchers or advanced students researching archaeological sites excavated by the centre.
This Italian website publishes an extended archaeological report on one of the Emilian terremare. The Terramare were a type of lake-dwellings characteristic of the northeastern Italian peninsula during the Bronze Age. There are pictures and drawings of selected artefacts representing the local material culture. Section "download" allows to download several pictures and drawings in ZIP files. Section "Links e approfondimenti" contains the updated bibliography (on the Bronze Age of that part of the Italian peninsula), with a few full text academic papers in PDF format. Section "Utilities" contains a free Access database to catalogue ceramics in Italian excavations, which may be useful as starting point for anyone planning fieldwork in Italy; the interface can be modified in Microsoft Access. Researchers may find this website useful.
Several pages are also specifically designed for schoolchildren and teachers, especially within section "Scuola e didattica". In addition to freely downloadable educational materials written in Italian, there are also reports of the work carried out with classes of pupils, illustrated by the children. The teachers have succeeded in presenting the archaeological research in great details (including archaeobotanical studies and the forms for cataloguing materials) and by using their imagination and creativity (and some reconstructions of experimental archaeology) the children have reconstructed the past in their minds, and expressed it through their drawings. From the drawings it appears that the children were quite engaged in their archaeological experience and anyone considering the teaching of archaeology to children should look at these experiences.
This webpage contains a short introduction to archaeological geophysics, with some colour pictures and plenty of links to other resources. It is a great introduction to the technological aspects of the technique aimed at advanced students.
The Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) is the oldest corporate body for the promotion and regulation of archaeology in North America and is a major sponsor of academic and educational programmes as well as the publisher of several archaeological periodicals. This website provides a comprehensive overview of the structure and history of the AIA together with information on a wide range of AIA activities including : lectures, conferences and educational programmes; professional activities and career placements; fellowships and funding opportunities; details of publications by the AIA such as Dig, the American Journal of Archaeology and various monographs. There is also an useful news service of recent heritage-related stories drawn from another AIA publication, Archaeology Magazine. The resource includes guidelines for individuals intending to set up and manage an archaeological project (including an extensive bibliography tailored to individual regions) as well as a searchable guide to fieldwork opportunities for students and interested amateurs. Also featured is online discussion forum (free but requiring registration) and information on relevant email lists. On-line and down-loadable application forms for various AIA activities and programmes are provided throughout the website. Links to the websites of the main publications of the AIA are also provided. This is a wide-ranging resource which will benefit a larger audience ranging from the interested amateur to university students and tenured academics and professionals working within commercial archaeology, particularly for the insights it offers into North American practise and procedure in this subject area.
In 2004 all Scottish Sites and Monuments Records (SMRs) together with the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS), Historic Scotland and the Scottish archaeological contracting units took a joint decision that the reporting of archaeological events generating new information should conform to a standard form and procedure. The result of this decision was ASPIRE, a specification of data structure, data type and required fields for reporting new archaeological information to SMRs and the RCAHMS in Scotland. The ASPIRE website has been designed in order to contain all the information needed to make a project ASPIRE compliant. However it also allows all active archaeologists to be kept up to date with developments in the ASPIRE protocol as well as forthcoming training and promotional events. In order to allow users to fully comprehend the ideas behind this initiative ASPIRE documentation and template databases can be downloaded from the site. This site is easy to navigate around and is a good source of information, largely due to the fact that it is updated regularly. Consequently, it is a good source of information for anyone involved in higher education and research sectors but especially those based in Scotland.
This is the website for Archaeologists for Human Rights, which is a non-governmental organisation that aims to discover crimes against human dignity, with particular emphasis on the investigation of mass graves in Iraq and the Middle-East. It was formed in July 2003 by archaeologists in Münster, Germany in response to uncontrolled excavation of Iraqi mass graves by desperate family members, with the express purpose of examining mass graves with archaeological methods in cooperation with physical anthropologists and forensic experts and in concert with the local Iraqi authorities.
Archaeology: an introduction is an electronic companion to the book of the same name by Kevin Greene and first published in 1995 (Routledge, 2002; ISBN 0415233550). The site is divided according to the chapters of the book. Within each section are annotated links to online resources and short paragraphs summarising the content of the chapter. Sample chapter headings include: the idea of the past; discovery and investigation; excavation; dating the past; archaeological science; making sense of the past. A hypertext index is also provided.
The website "Archaeology comes to the rescue of a 17th century shipwreck" is an attractive guide to the underwater archaeology of a 17th-century shipwreck on the north coast of the St. Lawrence estuary believed to be part of a fleet commanded by Sir William Phips' on his unsuccessful siege of Québec in 1690 during the intercolonial wars between New England and New France. The Anse aux Bouleaux wreck, named after the cove in which it was found in 1994, is the oldest in Québec and provides a wealth of information about 17th century ship-building in North America, as well as casting light on the day-to-day lives of mariners and soldiers in this period. The English and French language resource provides an account of the excavation from 1995 to 1997 together with information on the many artefacts recovered and their scientific conservation, key bibliographic references and a photo album. Some information is only available in French, such as the database of the artifacts.There is also an interactive didactic game for younger visitors which demonstrates the principles of underwater excavation. This website will benefit undergraduates and researchers in historic and maritime archaeology and provides much practical information on underwater techniques as well as the wider interpretative issues. It will also interest historians studying the colonial and military history of North American in the 17th century.
Through the Archaeology Commissions Programme, English Heritage funds nationally-important archaeological activities and commissions work from a wide range of partners including commercial contracting organisations and consultants, universities, local government, local societies and voluntary and independent organisations. The Archaeology Commissions Online resource provides access to the details of all Archaeology Commissions Programme funded projects since it began in 1991. The resource provides six main search methods, or 'reports', through which the user can find projects based on individual project name or code, geographical location, site type, period, research theme or year of funding. From the search results, a user can access summary information of the project's location and funding together with research aims (as a PDF download). The website provides extremely useful information and is relatively straightforward to use; a site map is provided which highlights what areas need browser plug-ins and which pages are linked externally. The Archaeology Commissions Programme website also links through to the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund scheme.
'Andean and Tiwanaku archaeology' by Dr Alvaro Higueras focuses on Peruvian archaeology and contains both specialised information and academic papers. The PhD thesis entitled 'Prehispanic settlement and land use in Cochabamba, Bolivia' is available in PDF format. Several Flash animations, most of them also available for download in ZIP format, explain the current research in the area with computer animations; virtual reality; graphics; maps and pictures. An entire section concentrates on legal problems concerning the excavation and preservation of South American antiquities. There is a chronology; a glossary of archaeological terms in Spanish; and an English to Spanish archaeological dictionary. Relevant bibliographies are available in each section, including in Flash files; a general bibliography is accessible from the main menu and can be browsed by category or searched. This website contains numerous educational and informative sections, including a seven parts course on archaeology, which is aimed at the general public. The course presents the main theoretical concepts underlying Andean and Mesoamerican archaeology; some of the readings are in English. There are also some notes in English on computing techniques in archaeology, but the software used is now outdated. A few educational games for children (or bored archaeologists) can be played online. This website publishes some news and a list of ongoing excavations in the Andes. A structured menu in the home page provides easy access to all parts of this contents-rich website.
This is the website of "The Association for Environmental Archaeology". The Association was formed in 1979 by a group of environmental archaeologists based at the Institute of Archaeology, University of London, to provide a wide-ranging means of communication between those working in environmental archaeology and related subjects. The website provides information about the society and membership as well as a range of resources and links to information of interest to environmental archaeologists, particularly online journals and news items for relevant topics. A list of major bodies providing grants and awards in the UK is included to help those seeking funding for projects. There is an extensive list of web links.
The Association of Local Government Archaeological Officers (ALGAO) represents archaeologists working for English and Welsh local authorities and national parks. ALGAO covers all aspects of the historic environment including archaeology, built environment and historic landscapes and via a network of specialist committees the association co-ordinates and presents members' views on a wide range of interests. The ALGAO website contains a variety of sections which are easy to access at any time. These sections deal with all aspects of the association from its mission statement to a list of its publications. One of its most useful sections however is the list of members that it publishes with contact details and links to the various bodies around the United Kingdom. The section detailing the committees that have been set up has also been split up into several sub-sections as well. Each of these sub-sections gives a description of the aim of that committee and a range of links that allows the user to find out more information from a range of websites and printed material if the wish to.
The website is easy to navigate around and is constantly updated thus ensuring that all the contact details should be up to date.
The Bath and Camerton Archaeological Society (BACAS) website provides information on the activities and membership options of the Society. Training excavations are organised every year and interested students may be able to participate. The Society maintains also an active program of research, frequent lectures by guest speakers and guided excursions. There is also some basic information on geophysics, which is one of the techniques regularly applied during excavations. This is certainly a website to keep in the bookmarks if you are interested in the Bath and Camerton area.
The Bonn Archaeological Software Package is a suite of over 70 functions for exploring, analysing and visualising data. It incorporates the 'Posthole' programme which searches for rectangular structures in scanned excavation plans and the 'AirPhoto' programme which corrects oblique photographs (the latter program needs to be registered). BASP is a non-profit software project written for and by archaeologists and is available for download from the website. The website provides information on all of the functions available in the package with screenshots, information on operating system requirements. BASP was written by Dr Irwin Scollar of the University of Cologne has since being re-written to run on MS Windows.
The British Archaeological Jobs Resource (BAJR) provides an online list of UK job vacancies of interest to professional and academic archaeologists and aims to establish efficient contacts between employers and employees in the archaeology, museums and heritage sectors. Job seekers may browse the current listings and place their CVs online and employers may place adverts on payment of a registration fee. The service has been running since February 2000 and is sponsored or supported by a wide range of archaeological and heritage bodies, in both the public and the private sector, whose website links and contact details are included in this resource. In addition there is a free-to-use message board for discussion of archaeological issues which are of interest to both professionals and amateurs. The website uses frames and Java but the jobs section can be can be viewed by browsers which do not support these software applications. BAJR is an important web resource which will benefit a wide range of individuals and organisations engaged in professional archaeology. It will also provide a valuable source of information and advice for students who are contemplating a career in the heritage sector.
The "Bureau for Recovering and Investigating Iraqi Looted Antiquities" has been instituted following the first Gulf war during 1990-1991 with the purpose of trace the antiquities looted from the museum of Baghdād during that period. Following the start of the second Gulf war, the "Arma dei Carabinieri" troops deployed in Iraq have prepared in 2003 a database listing 730 out of about 3,500 artefacts in the inventory of the museum that were missing; it is possible to perform online searches of the database through this website. A second database lists the few artefacts that have been recovered so far, and has been compiled by the "Centro Ricerche Archeologiche e Scavi di Torino" in five days of field work at the museum. During the same occasion, all artefacts, mainly seals and beads, that have been found in the museum and were not in the inventory have been photographed. A third database, a gallery of pictures, publishes all the photographs taken; these pictures may be the only existing documentation of some artefacts.
Archaeoastronomy is the study of the astronomical practices, celestial lore, mythologies, religions and world-views of ancient cultures. Many monuments from early civilisations were astronomically aligned and this formed the basis of the discipline. However astronomy was also a fundamental factor in formulating calendar systems, in concepts of time and space, mathematics, counting systems and geometry, surveying and navigation. The Center for Archaeoastronomy is based at University of Maryland aims to advance research, education and public awareness of archaeoastronomy. It publishes the journal Archaeoastronomy and also an online quarterly newsletter called Archaeoastronomy & Ethnoastronomy News available through this website. The website provides a large number of links to other online sites concerned with archaeoastronomy as well as general archaeology, astronomy, the history of science and museums. There is also a substantial collection of books available for sale from the Centre. The website may interest primarily researchers.
Chiron is an organisation formed by Spanish teachers of Classics and their website acts as a portal providing general information on the group (including on the courses organised by Chiron). Among the services are a space for blogs; a Wiki; a collection of bookmarks; a gallery of photographs that can be used for teaching (over 20,000 pictures at the time of review); and a series of online videos relating to classical topics. The aim of the group is to provide a series of Web tools useful in teaching classics that are relevant and tested by other teachers. Many of the resources are in Spanish, but the community is already starting to translate some resources and aims at creating an international community. Teachers in Classics (and classical archaeology) at all levels should visit this website and possibly participate and contribute in developing this community.
Part of the archaeology magazine Current Archaeology website, this page publishes a comprehensive directory of opportunities for professionals and amateurs in the UK and overseas for archaeological fieldwork and practical courses. Volunteers are invited to post reviews of digs and sites they have attended, providing information on support, facilities, local accommodation and value for money. The database of opportunities is searchable by date or location, and results can be filtered according to such factors as contacts, costs and types of accommodation. Short features (available as html or PDF files) include advice for novices on how to prepare for joining their first field school.
Danebury, an Iron Age Hill Fort situated in the county of Hampshire in southern England, has been the subject of a major programme of excavation directed by Professor Barry Cunliffe that began in 1969 and ended in 1988. The Danebury Excavations Digital Archive aims to provide a number of original datasets and images from these excavations in order to facilitate new research and interpretation. The excavation programme at Danebury has been written up in a number of volumes. Four of these are concerned with the site and the material remains from it and are also available online through the ADS Library. The digital datasets can be used in conjunction with these publications and, in the preface to the excavations volume, Cunliffe described the potential use of the excavation archive, "A data-set of the kind derived from Danebury will continue to be reworked by students for the foreseeable future asking new and increasingly sophisticated questions". The four datasets available (Pits, Pottery, Animal Bones, Daub) are available to download as comma delimited text files and documentation is provided describing the relationships between tables. The 29 JPEG images available are very high resolution and, as a result, are very large in size (c.4500kb - 5500kb). The images are, however, thumbnailed on the index page allowing for users to preview them prior to download. The site is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource.
'Digging up the Romans' is an attractively produced resource on the archaeology and history of Roman London aimed at school age children and the general public. Information is organised around key themes such as people, town life, invasion and settlement, the Roman army, beliefs and religion, crafts, roads and trade but there is also an emphasis on the role and methods of archaeology in uncovering the past. In the case of Roman London, occupied for over 400 years, the scanty textual sources are far outstripped by the vast quantity of physical material uncovered during the past few hundred years of urban development. You can also down load video clips of excavation work in progress in Shadwell undertaken by the Museum of London Archaeology Service (MOLAS). While this website is primarily aimed at a younger audience (as suggested by the wordlist of difficult terms), undergraduates of archaeology and related subjects may find much of interest here as well.
The Discovery Programme is an archaeological research institution dedicated to enhancing the knowledge of Ireland's past from the earliest times, and presenting the results to as wide an audience as possible. Brief reports are given on past and present field projects carried out by the Discovery Programme. A section deals with the application of information technologies to archaeological studies, particularly surveying applications and 3D reconstruction modelling. The publications of the Discovery Programme are listed.
Tell Dothan, a large settlement site located in a fertile and strategic plain in the northern Samaria hills of Israel, was occupied almost continuously from the Chalcolithic through to the Byzantine period and has been identified as the location of various biblical events. The Dothan Publication Project is an attempt to publish online the results of the main excavations at the site between 1953 and 1964.Published so far are the excavations in the Western Cemetery of the settlement which has produced tombs spanning the Late Bronze II-Iron Age I periods (ca. 1400-1100 B.C.). The complete inventory of grave goods is published along with a full photographic archive and a description and analysis of the tomb architecture and a discussion of burial customs in the Eastern Mediterranean in Late Bronze and Early Iron Age. Several articles reproduced from the Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research provide a general introduction to the site.This website is a useful addition to the corpus of online excavation reports and will appeal to students and researchers in archaeology and related fields.
This website is a blog by Matthew Taylor that promotes the campaign for the return of the Elgin Marbles in the British Museum to Greece. On this blog the authors publishes many articles from different sources on the return of the marbles to Greece and the Acropolis Museum that has been built in Athens in the hope of their return. The author also signals some recent cases of plundering (e.g. Iraq); cases of restitutions of looted antiquities; and requests to museums to return antiquities. The repatriation of cultural heritage is a very sensitive issue and international organisations such as ICOM are already issuing calls for the repatriation of some cultural artefacts. This website can be useful to understand the reasons behind such calls. Students should be aware that this website does not present the reasons that museums may have for keeping the antiquities. Internet Explorer may be required to access this website.
The Parthenon Marbles were brought to London by Lord Elgin between 1801 and 1805 and from his name has been coined the term "elginism", which means an act of cultural vandalism.
Access to the website from Intute may require a refresh of the loaded website.
This is the website of English Heritage, the organisation responsible for all aspects of protecting and promoting the historic environment in England. Its website provides details of its conservation and preservation work as well as information about the historic sites in its care. The site features attractive illustrations and photographs, and is arranged into the primary categories of properties and events, research and conservation, and learning and resources. Within these main categories one can find information on such things as places to visit, conserving historic places, archaeology, photos, publications, and the public archive and National Monuments Record. Contact and membership details for English Heritage are provided, along with details of their local activities. Each section offers detailed information, often providing catalogue entries for publications that may be ordered online. Also provided are policies and advice and, most usefully for researchers and teachers, there are extensive and annotated links to Internet resources of relevance. There is an excellent advanced search facility to accompany the browsing of the site by topics.
This is the website of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA). The EAA is a membership-based association open to all archaeologists and other related or interested individuals or bodies. The association has over 1100 members worldwide working in all field of archaeology, including prehistory, classical, medieval and industrial archaeology. The website gives detailed information about the organisation, its structure, codes, statutes, aims and membership. The association publishes the "European Journal of Archaeology" (EJA) and the electronic newsletter "The European Archaeologist" (TEA), the latter is available to members only in a special section. Members can also post comments on reviews published in the European Journal of Archaeology. The association organises annual meetings and this website contains updated information on past and forthcoming ones.
The full-text volumes of the "Journal of European Archaeology", which was published between 1993 and 1997, is available in the members section (non members can purchase articles for a fee).
This website is a simple and illustrated presentation of the archaeological site of Colletière aimed primarily at undergraduate students and the general public. About the year 1010 three settlements were established on the shores of Lake Paladru. The archaeological sites were occupied for a mere 30 years and then abandoned. The sites became flooded and as a result show an unusual state of preservation. The settlement at Charavines has been the subject of extensive excavations. At low water levels these excavations can be performed by traditional techniques, but the majority of the excavation is performed underwater. Charavines was a defended site and weapons, riding equipment, and armour have been recovered. Agricultural and industrial artefacts as well as culinary implements have also been recovered, along with personal ornaments, musical instruments, and gaming pieces. This website introduces these elements of the investigations as a series of illustrated pages. A set of pages describe the various scientific investigations being carried out.
Researches at Fetternear, Aberdeenshire, have revealed that what was apparently a modest-sized late medieval towerhouse was in fact the remnants of a pre-Reformation palace at least as large, if not larger, than the archbishop's castle at St Andrews and the royal castle of Fyvie. What began as a small-scale training excavation has since become a major multi-disciplinary investigation, forming part of the Scottish Episcopal Palaces Project. This extensive website presents a large amount of varied information centred on Fetternear. A series of yearly preliminary reports on the researches is available (the most recent reports are in PDF format); a list of monuments in what was the Fetternear estate; an extensive historical review; information on some of the inhabitants of Fetternear; notes on the archaeology and architectural history; and links to other websites with related information.
The Forum for Information Standards in Heritage (FISH) is aimed at those involved in the recording of information on the historic environment. The website is aimed primarily at those working in the UK and Ireland but welcomes participation from those further afield. The work of FISH is focussed in two main areas and the website reflects these aspects of FISH's work. The first area, the 'forum' element of FISH, is the ongoing discussion list run by the forum. The FISH website provides access and the option participate in current discussions as well as to view the forum's archives. These features are, however, run externally from the JISCmail service and participation requires the user to sign up. The archives can, however, be freely accessed. Developing out of the forum element is FISH's work in the creation and development of printed standards for the recording of the historic environment. The MIDAS and INSCRIPTION projects focus on this area. MIDAS, developed from 1996 to 1998, sets out an agreed list of units of information to be included when creating an inventory or other systematic record of the historic environment. MIDAS is essentially a "content" or "metadata" standard for historic environment information and covers areas such as Monument Character, Events, People and Organisation. MIDAS relates directly to the second FISH project, INSCRIPTION, in that standards for indexing under each MIDAS 'unit of information' are contained in the INSCRIPTION standard. The full MIDAS document is available for download as a PDF file from the FISH website. The INSCRIPTION lists vary in terms of their location but full details are held on the FISH website.
The higher education Academy Subject Centre for History, Classics & Archaeology replaces the former Learning and Teaching Support Network (LTSN) for these disciplines. Established by UK higher education (HE) funding bodies, the subject centres aim to promote high quality learning and teaching in all subject disciplines in higher education. The centres support the sharing of innovation and good practices in learning and teaching including the use, where appropriate, of communications and information technology (C&IT). The Centre for History, Classics, and Archaeology website includes: a calendar of forthcoming events; online editions of the Centre's newsletter, Learning and Teaching in history, classics and archaeology; briefing papers (e.g. Searching for Course Material on the World Wide Web); software reviews; a bibliography for history teaching and learning; a tutorial on Reading Archaeology textbooks; and full contact details. In addition, each subject area has its own separate area with more specific resources, including case studies. The Centre makes available small grants for the development of teaching and learning in history, classics (including ancient history), archaeology, and cognate disciplines. Some publications are downloadable in PDF format. Links to external sites that may be of interest are also provided.
INSCRIPTION is a collection of wordlists maintained or recommended by FISH (the Forum on Information Standards in Heritage) and aimed at providing tools for comprehensive and consistent indexing of different aspects of the built and buried heritage. The INSCRIPTION website provides descriptions of wordlists, their recommended areas of use and, in many cases, links to online versions of the lists themselves (either within the INSCRIPTION pages or elsewhere on the web). Where a list is not available on the Internet, contact details for the list owner are provided. INSCRIPTION consists of four types of wordlist, differing in terms of complexity, indexing and retrieval functions. A 'simple wordlist' merely consists of a list of indexing terms each with a precise meaning. Hierarchical wordlists are organised into a hierarchy where one term groups together one or more terms beneath it. Such lists allow records to be indexed with a specific term, but found and retrieved using a broader term. Complex wordlists have several components and, in addition to the chosen term, contain other vital information that needs to be included in any records indexed with the term (such as precise date ranges for archaeological period terms). Thesauri are the most complex type of wordlist and as such can be time consuming to construct and implement in a database. However, once constructed they provide flexible indexing and help to maximize retrieval. The INSCRIPTION web pages provide detailed background on the use and development of the resource and are easily navigable. The wordlists are logically presented and have concise descriptive metadata relating to their individual applications as well as development and ownership information.
This is the homepage of the Institute of Field Archaeologists, the professional organisation for field archaeologists in the United Kingdom. The comprehensive site includes the IFA "Codes of Conduct"; a list of Registered Archaeological Organisations; information about joining the IFA and on the membership services available; information on training; and a list of printed publications by the IFA. There are also lists of the staff members, members of committees and of the various special interest and regional groups within the IFA with links to their websites where they exist.
The website of the Institute of Nautical Archaeology, which has been one of the world leaders in underwater research and excavation since the 1970s. Based at the Texas A&M University, members of the INA have been involved in many significant maritime projects such as excavations of shipwrecks as old as those at Ulu Burun (c1400 BC) and Cape Gelidonya (c1200 BC) as well as Classical, Byzantine, Mediaeval and early modern examples, in addition to numerous underwater surveys and conservation projects. A 'vitual museum' provides a guide to underwater excavations and surveys at shipwrecks and submerged sites in the Mediterranean, the Indian Ocean, the Atlantic, and North America and the Caribbean with site plans, images of discoveries and extensive bibliographies in addition to details of conservation and reconstruction projects. A brief history of the INA is accompanied by a list of publications by Institute staff arranged year-by-year since 1972 and by research project, including an interactive world map of current activities. Tables of contents (as well as some abstracts and articles) of the INA Quarterly, as well as details of INA publications are also featured. The site also provides membership information, details of commercial services offered by the INA (such as reproductions of slides and prints for teaching and illustration) and an extensive page of weblinks to related electronic resources. The outline of the Nautical Archaeology Programme, which the INA co-ordinates with Texas A&M University, will interest potential students of underwater archaeology while the site as a whole is a valuable resource for anyone interested in maritime archaeology as well as historians studying international trade and economic history in the pre-modern period.
The Arveni, after whom the Auvergne is named, were the most powerful Gallic tribe in the 3rd-2nd centuries BC. They took the lead in resisting Rome in 53 BC when their leader Vercingetorix successfully defended the oppidum of Gergovia against Julius Caesar. Vercingetorix was finally defeated by Caesar at Alesia in Burgundy. This survey aims to put flesh on the bare bones of this historical information, especially for the last few centuries BC. This web page describes the excavations and research projects that have been carried out by the University of Sheffield since 1973. The minimal text and age of the excavations make this website suitable primarily to students.
The home page for the Journal of Field Archaeology, one of the leading periodicals for landscape archaeology, field techniques and intellectual issues related to the theory and practice of applied fieldwork. The website includes abstracts for all published articles, which are searchable by either topic or author, from 1974 onwards, with more detailed information on the most recent volumes. Guidelines for submission, editorial policy and subscription information are also provided, including several reproduced essays on the wider intellectual and practical issues of book reviews and graphic illustration in journals. The areas in which the journal publishes includes: field reports and technical and methodological studies that relate to actual archaeological data, both of which are selected on the basis of broader intellectual interest rather than specific regional significance; review articles on specific regions or topics; occasional essays on the history of archaeology in major geographical areas, or with respect to research topics of general archaeological concern. Brief preliminary reports describing the results of recent fieldwork or other research can also be found. This resource provides a useful source of bibliographical and review literature for practical and research archaeologists in many fields and specialisations.
This project website is run by the Centre for Maritime Archaeology, part of the Department of Archaeology at the University of Southampton. The 'Kravel Project' undertook the survey and recording of a wreck found in the Nämdö Fjord area of the Baltic, near Stockholm. Known as the 'kravel' (Swedish for carvel), the wreck is thought to be early 16th century in date and was originally identified as the Lybska Svan (Swan of Lubeck) - the flagship of Gustav Eriksson Vasa, King of Sweden (1523-1560). The website is split into small sections, each detailing a different aspect of the project, such as the ship itself, its discovery, the subsequent recording. A list of maritime archaeology references are provided.
In the summer and autumn of 1999, Landward Archaeology Ltd undertook a survey of archaeological specialists and those using the services of those specialists. The project was commissioned by the Institute of Field Archaeologists and was jointly sponsored by Museum of London Specialist Services and English Heritage (Archaeology Division). This resource is an on-line version of the report (click "contents" at the bottom of the home page to access its index).
Le Yaudet is a promontory jutting out into the Baie de la Vierge at the mouth of the river Leguer in Brittany, France. It has been occupied since the Mesolithic era and was a defended site in the Late Iron Age and the Roman period. It underwent intensive domestic and agricultural use during the Medieval period.The site has been investigated by the Centre de Recherche Bretonne et Celtique, University of Brest in collaboration with Institute of Archaeology, Oxford since 1991. These pages give brief details of the results of excavations so far carried out. They are illustrated with photographs of archaeological features and artefacts recovered from the excavations. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
David Gill (University of Wales Swansea) and Christopher Chippindale (University of Cambridge) present in this website their research on the trading and looting of antiquities. Among the published sections are: "The material and intellectual consequences of esteem for Cycladic figures" (data available in PDF format); "The material consequences of contemporary collecting"; "Collecting the classical world: the idea of a quantitative history" (includes a PowerPoint presentation); "On-line auctions: a new venue for the antiquities market". Bibliographic references to similar publications are also provided. David Gill also maintains an updated blog, where he discusses "the archaeological ethics surrounding the collecting of antiquities".
Looting of artefacts of historical significance took place already in antiquity and for this reason it has often been silently accepted by archaeologists; some pioneers of archaeological research were also collectors or traders on occasion. However, as the discipline matures, a debate on archaeological ethics is becoming an overdue necessity, and a duty for all archaeologists. This website is an important resource that may be useful to students, researchers, museum curators and heritage professionals; it can be used for teaching archaeological ethics.
"Lost Treasures of the Seven Seas" is a guide to several resources on marine salvage written by Pascal Kainic. This is a difficult topic to teach because archaeological ethics forbids the sale of archaeological artefacts while marine salvage is often driven by the prospect of selling artefacts. "Treasure hunting", as marine salvage is sometimes labelled, is a reality that archaeologists need to confront as well as a difficult topic to teach; this website may be very helpful to approach the topic with students. Section "underwater archaeology" presents techniques to preserve recovered artefacts and includes one link to an article against treasure hunting, which summarises the position of archaeologists. "Rules in the World" contains excerpts of legislation from several countries or links to depositories of legislative texts. Wrecks/Treasure Stories" contains a wealth of case studies. "Still secret...!" contains excerpts from written sources detailing the history and contents of localised sunken ships awaiting to be researched or salvaged. Teachers may use this section dividing students in two groups, one highlighting sentences on the wealth aboard the ships and one highlighting sentences on historical facts and then prompt a debate between "archaeologists" and "treasure hunters". "The World of Shipwrecks" publishes a list of sunken ships according to the monetary value of their cargoes; a list of questions helps in selecting ships for salvage and has educational value because it exposes the (unethical) reasons for the selection. Of some interest is also the news section containing news from current salvage projects as well as articles of researches bordering myths and legends. Stories centred on the sea are as old as mariners and treasure hunters often pursue what to many could appear as a story or dream.
This website contains a collection of resources that can help in understanding why treasure hunting exists, and how the inflexible opposition of archaeologists coexists with irresolute laws (treasure hunting is lawful but constrained in many countries) and the inexhaustible attraction of economic profit. Teachers may use this website to prompt a debate and some pages (e.g. legislation) can help advanced students in preparing a more informed debate. Unsupervised students should instead steer clear of this website until they have a solid knowledge of archaeological practices because some contents express positions not compatible with archaeological ethics and practice. The website is only recommended to teachers for its educational value in presenting a delicate and actual issue: most contents on their own cannot be endorsed by the academic community.
This is the website of the Megiddo Expedition of Tel Aviv University. The archaeological site of Megiddo in Israel, the Armageddon of the Book of Revelation, was occupied continuously from ca. 7000-500 B.C. and features prominently in Near Eastern and biblical history in the second and first millennia B.C., particularly in the period of the United Monarchy when it was one of King Solomon's regional capitals. This attractively presented website provides a useful introduction to the history and archaeology of the settlement and surrounding region as well as providing information on a wide range of topics connected with digging in Israel and biblical archaeology. Apart from providing reports on the renewed excavations at the site by Tel Aviv University and a history of previous campaigns at Megiddo, this website describes a number of ancillary projects connected with Megiddo including the landscape survey of the surrounding countryside, the magnetometer survey of the city itself, the petrographic analysis of the pottery discovered during excavations and a guide to the controversy surrounding the dating of archaeological sites of the United Monarchy. Also featured is "Revelations from Megiddo" the newsletter of the expedition which has numerous articles on issues related to the archaeology and history of Megiddo and the Jezreel Valley.The text is accompanied by numerous attractive images including a 3D virtual tour of the highlights of the archaeology. VISCAPE is required for this presentation. The website also provides detailed information for volunteers wishing to take part in the archaeological excavations.This site will mainly appeal to the interested amateur and to undergraduates but also provides a useful overview for a more specialist audience, particularly the extensive bibliography and the up-to-date chronological information.
This website describes the excavations at the open-air Mesolithic site of Siebenlinden, located on the outskirts of the town of Rottenburg, Germany. The excavations were conducted by the State Office for Historical Monuments of Baden-Wurttemberg between 1990 and 1995 and were reopened in 2001. A large amount of lithic evidence was recovered, mainly in the form of triangular microliths although scrapers, burins and truncations were also common. Several hearths were observed (some of which were possibly situated within habitation structures), while a wide range of faunal and botanical evidence was recovered implying that no specialised, species-based economy was in operation. The website presents details on all of the findings from the excavation, and also provides an image gallery.
The Microarchaeological Homepage is a website that presents an archaeological theory developed by a research group based at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Microarchaeology is based on Sartres' theory of serial action, Foucaults' "archaeology" and the structuration theory of Giddens. It is built upon poststructuralist theory and contains elements from constructionism. Microarchaeology aims to analyse structurating practices within small spatial and chronological boundaries. It examines material evidence for evidence of social activity, which is then interconnected to reconstruct past social realities set at a determined space and time (local). Microarchaeology is an alternative for analogical processes that reveal complex processes (global) by expanding the sociohistorical setting of the archaeological materials in a process known as "generalisation". There are four sections that are most interesting. These are a collection (publications) of free papers, doctoral dissertations, articles and ebooks, many of which are online versions of printed publications and in English. They are downloadable in PDF format. The "presentations" are mostly PowerPoint slides available in PDF format. The extensive bibliography (literature) may be helpful to find publications on themes such as microarchaeology, social theory, the body and social structuration of space. Finally, a section entitled "podcasting" permits to be kept updated of new developments via RSS files and receive voice recordings of seminars in MP3 format via podcasting. This website is a fundamental resource for researchers (and postgraduate students) of theoretical archaeology and social sciences, who can be informed of and eventually be involved in microarchaeology studies.
MIDAS Heritage is the official UK data standard for information about the historic environment, which has been developed for and on behalf of the Forum on Information Standards in Heritage (FISH). It states what information should be recorded to support effective sharing and long-term preservation of the knowledge of the historic environment, making it possible to understand what work has been done, how decisions were taken and where to find further information. This website publishes some background data on the standard and a PDF copy of the standard itself. The PDF copy will be updated as necessary and therefore the copy on the website will always be the latest. A separate mailing list is also available. People interested in standards in cultural heritage and those working in the UK heritage sector will find this website essential.
The archaeology pages of Minnesota State University's 'e-museum' website consist of an online exhibition of various artefacts. The archaeology pages are divided into a number of sections. The general archaeology section offers a timeline of the development of archaeology in the U.S.A.; links to other sites; and descriptions of various fields of archaeology. Section "Dating Techniques" provides a brief commented list of most dating techniques, which could be used by undergraduate students. The 'Artifacts' section provides information on artefacts, mostly from the American continent. There are a large number of illustrated pages on various types of projectile points and North American pottery styles with bibliographic references. Another section provides links to various fieldwork projects undertaken by staff and students at the Minnesota State University from the 1970s onwards. These briefly describe the aims of each project and provide a photo gallery. They do not however go into great depth or provide access to finds and results in the form of a full report. A bibliographic database related to Minnesota archaeology is included, as well as a geographic directory of important archaeological sites around the world. There is also a directory of world museums sorted by type of collection. Sections on rock art, prehistoric technologies, underwater archaeology and 'virtual archaeology' provide some information, which might be valuable to schoolchildren. This website publishes a variety of contents and can be used as a valuable introduction to archaeology for children and undergraduates. A few sections on Minnesota archaeology may also interest researchers.
The Monte Polizzo Handbook is an online version of the complete handbook provided to the participants of the excavation of Monte Polizzo in Sicily. Although some of the contents are of a practical nature, large sections introduce the history of the region and the work carried out so far. There is also a glossary and an essential bibliography of the site. All sections are available in PDF format. The illustrated handbook is valuable because of the information it provides on Monte Polizzo, the site of a major excavation, and its recently discovered Elymian acropolis. However, it also contains numerous pages on life during fieldwork and may prove an interesting read for volunteers or students on their first dig. Many fundamental field techniques are approached from a practical perspective and there also hints of the organisation, problems and also fun that are associated with any excavation.
The Museum of London Archaeological Archive contains the records and finds for over 3000 archaeological excavations and interventions carried out in the Greater London area. These date from the beginning of the century up to 1991 and were carried out by a number of organisations including, primarily, the archaeological departments of the Museum of London and its predecessors. An active programme is currently underway to arrange the deposition of over 1400 archives for sites examined since 1991 which are currently in the care of over 25 archaeological organisations. The Archive itself contains over 150,000 registered finds, 120,000 boxes of general finds (pottery, bone, etc.), 75 tonnes of architectural stone work, 4000 environmental samples, ca. 300m of paper records. 60 chests of plans and sections, a large photographic archive and comprehensive, if diverse, computer records. The primary means of access into these archives and their sub-categories is by means of the site address and, in particular, the site code. The online version of the Museum of London Archaeological Archive presents a subset of the data held locally by the Museum of London. Results from ArchSearch, the ADS online catalogue, can be followed up using the contact details displayed during a search. The resource is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource.
The official website of the Nautical Archaeology Society (NAS), an internationally respected non-governmental charity provides news and information about training and support to everyone interested in the study of ships, shipwrecks and underwater archaeology in general. In addition to providing professional training for divers interested in historical underwater sites, the NAS is the main body in Britain for promoting academic research and education in this area, and the website provides recent and archived news events of maritime interest as well as details of archaeological projects and forthcoming conferences on maritime research. The website includes information on the International Journal of Nautical Archaeology (IJNA), with abstracts of articles from 2003 onward and advice to those submitting articles for consideration by the editors. The entire electronic archive of the journal is available for the members; hard copies of back issues can be purchased fromo NAS. Other NAS publications include the Handbook of Underwater Archaeology and various monographs. There is a section on the Outreach efforts of NAS with information about projects and partners.
This website describes a programme of research to further the understanding of the monuments in the Avebury region being carried out in collaboration between the Universities of Southampton, Leicester, Newcastle and Wales at Newport. This research includes excavations, fieldwalking, surveying and computer-aided 3D modelling. The research programme is described. There is an illustrated description of the prehistoric landscape of the Avebury region. There are interim reports (in PDF format) for excavations at Lonstones Field, Beckhampton. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
This website presents the results of intensive archaeological fieldwork by the Nemea Valley Archaeological Project (NVAP-AS) in the Nemea Valley in the southern Cointhia, Greece. There is a special emphasis on the landscape of the Mycenaean period c1600-1100 B.C. but the area also includes the important sanctuary of Zeus at Nemea itself and was home to several poleis or city-states in the Archaic-Classical periods. The website will be a useful source of archaeological and bibliographic information for students and researchers studying the landscape development of this part of Greece from the Neolithic to the Byzantine period. It includes a complete list of relevant publications between 1982-1995 as well as numerous maps and plans of the survey area. The latter includes several three dimensional images of the local topography together with distribution maps of archaeological sites.The many images in the main text can be down-loaded but the editors recommend the use of a 'hard' Ethernet connection as they load very slowly.
New Zealand Archaeology is the home page of the New Zealand Archaeological Association (NZAA). The society's objectives are to promote and foster research into the archaeology of New Zealand. They lobby the government for greater protection of the country's cultural heritage, run a national site-recording scheme, and generally act as a voice for archaeologists. The Association is open to anyone interested in archaeology in and around New Zealand. The Association also publish a quarterly journal, 'Archaeology in New Zealand', but this is not available online.The website is extensive, if a little cluttered. It acts as a news service, directory of archaeologists, bibliography, and index of links. The website explains how to use and contribute to the national archaeological site-recording scheme. There are professional resources (such as texts of Government legislation), and also details of some teaching resources, aimed mostly at teachers of secondary school children studying Maori culture and history. The website also offers a service for uniting archaeologists organising digs with students looking for such experience. Students can advertise their services and experience in the site's directory.
The city of Nippur near Baghdad in modern Iraq was the most important religious centre of ancient Mesopotamian culture and the site has produced considerable quantities of archaeological artefacts from ca. 5000 BC until 800 AD, including many thousands of cuneiform writing tablets with Sumerian and Akkadian texts. This website describes the activities of the Oriental Institute of Chicago at Nippur and the nearby settlement of Umm al-Hafriyat since 1972, when excavations were resumed, in addition to outlining the wider research programme associated with these excavations. The resource consists of a series of annual reports produced between 1991 and 2003 as well as a number of articles reproduced from academic journals. These are accompanied by numerous high quality site plans and photographs which can be viewed at a number of scales. In addition to archaeological information, which will interest undergraduates and researchers alike, this website provides important insights into archaeological practice in the contemporary Middle East and the problems of excavation and research in a politically troubled area.
The Northeast Church Project, part of the Sussita/Hippos Excavations, aims to further explore a sixth century Byzantine structure (the Northeast church) located in the city of Sussita (Hippos), Israel. During the Roman period, the Decapolis city of Hippos was a centre for Greek culture and later became a significant Christian centre in the Byzantine period. It is located 2km east of the Sea of Galilee at the top of a flat diamond-shaped mountain, 350m above sea level. This resource details the work carried out as part of both previous and current excavation seasons together with brief details on the project's background as well as information on joining the project. The website contains the full-text reports of previous seasons fieldwork including figures, plates, loci sheets, excavation blog, slideshows and photos. There is a linked website (excavations main website) published by the University of Haifa with full reports of recent excavations; opportunities for volunteers to dig; additional photo galleries; and more updated information on the state of the project.
This is the website of the Archaeological Resource Centre of Novgorod State Museum. It presents news and information about archaeological discoveries in the city of Novgorod and locations nearby. Excavation reports may be accessed via a map of Novgorod or by a list of texts. Alternatively, users may browse an index of images of important artefacts recently uncovered. Information about the organisation is provided, as are links to other useful web resources. Although the site is available in both Russian and English, some of the reports it contains are in one language only, and users may need to install Russian fonts to read some of the pages. This website is supported by the Open Society Institute (Soros Foundation).
The archaeological complex of Old Orhei (Orheiul Vechi) is situated in the valley of a tributary of the Dniestr-Raut River in Moldova. Archaeological research has demonstrated activity in the area from the Upper Palaeolithic through to the late Medieval period. This website describes the setting and the various archaeological remains, which include fortresses (Prehistoric and Medieval), tumuli, cave monasteries, Medieval bath houses, and a church. There is information on the history of archaeological investigations since 1947 and an index of Medieval monuments. Both researchers and students may find this website useful.
The Origins of Angkor Archaeological Project is a multi-disciplinary research project being undertaken by the University of Otago Department of Anthropology and the Fine Arts Department of Thailand. The aim of the project is to assess the seminal aspects of the social, cultural and technological development in the Mun River valley of Northeast Thailand. Four sites have been excavated, a Bronze Age site Ban Lum Khao, and three Iron Age sites, Non Muang Kao, Noen U-Loke and Prasat Phimai. In addition, recent excavations at Phum Snay and Baksei Chamkrong have begun to shed light on the previously poorly understood prehistory of northern Cambodia. This work has been completed with the assistance of Earthwatch and their volunteers. In the 2002 field season, The Origins of Angkor Project began investigations at a new site in Northeast Thailand, Ban Non Wat. The website of the project provides information on each of the sites excavated, with a virtual excavation of Non Muang Kao where complete site notes and digitised plans are available. In addition there is a long list of references for archaeology in the area, a list of abstracts and titles for current research being carried out by participants, a list of radiocarbon dates obtained for the sites and a slide show of artefacts found (some of these images are quite slow to download).
The Palestine Exploration Fund (PEQ) was established in 1865 to promote research into the archaeology, history, culture, topography, geology and natural sciences of the Holy Land and has been at the forefront of archaeological research in the modern Levant in recent times. It also published an academic journal, Palestine Exploration Quarterly. The official website offers a succinct guide to the society's various activities, facilities and publications, past and present, and provides details of its annual programme of lectures, grants for research and excavations in addition to supplying information on its executive committee and staff and on joining the PEQ. The brief guide to the history of the society provides a useful introduction to archaeological research in Israel and Palestine with concise, illustrated biographies of its numerous eminent associates, such as T.E. Lawrence, Leonard Woolley, Chales Warren, Flinders Petrie, John Garstang, Kathleen Kenyon and Olga Tufnell, in addition to short accounts of past archaeological campaigns. The PEQ's extensive archives, collections and library holdings are described together with information on how to contact curatorial staff. There is also a useful page of links to the webpages of relevant journals and archaeological institutions in the United Kingdom, United States and Middle East while the 'Features' section provides useful insights into various aspects of the archaeology and history of the Levant. This website, in addition to providing useful practical information on the PEQ, will benefit students and researchers interested in the history of early scientific research and travel in the Middle East and in the origins of contemporary attitudes to the culture and politics of this region.
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology (PIA), published by the University College London (UCL), is a full-text online journal publishing papers and articles on archaeology, museum studies, cultural heritage and conservation. Postgraduate students and early researchers are welcome to publish. The journal publishes several short articles on recent issues as well as short reports and a few reviews. Each issue also contains a few research papers on diverse topics. Both students and researchers may find this website useful.
This website presents information and photographs relating to archaeological surveys undertaken in the forum at Pompeii, which was destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79. The Pompeii Forum Project is a collaborative venture sponsored by the National [USA] Endowment for the Humanities and the University of Virginia (amongst others). A large archive of black and white images of the buildings found there is online here, along with detailed reports on the technology and instruments used to undertake the surveys. Further reports give details of a project which uses the principles of structural engineering to investigate the reconstruction of Pompeii after an earthquake there in AD 62 (seventeen years before the eruption of Vesuvius). The focus is on the urban centre of the Roman city of Pompeii, and its urban history through to modern times. There are also links to further resources on Pompeii for use by teachers and students, and a list of lectures and publications relating to the project.
This website is a guide to the archaeology of Port Royal in Jamaica, one of the largest English colonies in the Americas in the 17th century and a leading centre for trade and licensed piracy in the West Indies until it was struck by a devastating earthquake in 1692 and a major fire in 1703. The settlement, the only legal port of entry to the Jamaican interior, thrived because of the trade in slaves, sugar and other raw materials but also because it from here than buccaneers pillaged the ships of the Spanish Main with official English approval. Its tolerant multiculturalism and rakish population gave it the reputation in its time for being the 'wickedest city on Earth'. The Institute for Nautical Archaeology of Texas A&M University and Jamaica National heritage Trust have been investigating the submerged portions of Port Royal since 1981, revealing a fascinating slice of the social, architectural and commercial history of the town. The resource provides a detailed analysis of the buildings and their finds. These can be compared with contemporary historical records, such as wills, maps, and inventories, which are also provided online and together provide a unique combination of artefactual and textual history. There is also a select bibliography of published articles on Port Royal along with abstracts of dissertations on material from the excavations. The Port Royal website will benefit students and researchers of historical archaeology and underwater exploration but also will provide useful material for early modern historians of trade and colonialism in the Americas.
This Committee report stems from an examination of the proposed export of HMS 'Cavalier', decommissioned in 1972, to Malaysia to become part of a museum of shipping. Although the bid failed, the inquiry highlighted the lack of a coherent national policy for preserving historic ships. This report, which includes images of and background information on HMS 'Cavalier', explores the implications of this case for national policy, and provides a set of recommendations for the government, the Department of Trade and Industry and the Heritage Lottery Fund regarding ship preservation and the funding of historic ship conservation.
This website presents the history of archaeological research in the United States of America, from the first scientific excavation by Thomas Jefferson in 1784 until 2004. The site has been produced by the National Park Service, archaeology and ethnography program and is published as a section of that institution. The timeline is divided in historical periods, and each of these forms a sections that is accompanied by a collection of hyperlinks and an exhaustive bibliography. The site emphasises the legal battle to protect sites and artefacts, and puts in historical context all the legislation. A few historical pictures illustrate some of the key moments in the history of American archaeology. The website is very informative and maintains a balance between historical facts in American archaeology and curiosities. For instance, the 1990 approval by the Congress of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) is explained along with a short guide of the Act itself. However, the site also informs that in 1993 ArchNet was the first Internet site to offer a collection of links of archaeological resources and in 1998 the first excavations ever published entirely on a digital (CD) media were those at Occaneechi Town.
The website of the EU funded project RADIO-PAST (radiography of the past) publishes information about the project and its teaching and research activities. The project has its base at Ammaia (a Roman site), Portugal, where most field activities are being carried out. A gallery of images shows many artefacts and architectural structures from Ammaia; there are also short videos and panoramic images. The website also briefly presents many remote sensing technologies, including aerial photography; LiDAR; georadar; magnetometer; digital elevation models; field surveys; virtual modelling; and material culture studies.These encompass airborne remote sensing; geophysical survey; topographical and geomorphological survey; and field survey. In addition to present the technologies, short reports have been made available of all trials made using these and other techniques at Ammaia; there is an updated bibliography. The navigation of this website is very neat. Students interested in field methodologies and techniques as well as anyone interested in Roman Ammaia may find this website useful.
This website provides a one-page summary of an archaeological project carried out at ar-Raqqa, otherwise known as "The Morass", in north central Syria. The site was first settled in the third century BCE and is located at the junction of the Euphrates and Balikh rivers. It was initially named "Nikephorion", but was invaded by Muslim forces in 640 AD and then reconstructed as an important military centre, which gained a reputation as a centre of Islam. There was evidence at the site of a large industrial area which produced glass and ceramics. The project aims to locate the industrial centre in its environmental context. It received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
This archived website details an investigation carried out by the Bournemouth University School of Conservation Sciences into the Dorchester Roman Aqueduct at the sites of Fordington Bottom and Muckleford. The aim of the investigation was to examine the reasons for a change in design of the aqueduct at a specific point. Small excavations revealed multiple phases in the construction of the aqueduct. Plans show the course of the aqueduct and the construction phases are illustrated by sections. Since the website is currently accessible only via the Internet archive, some pictures and links may not work as intended.
Rosetta is a postgraduate journal published by students at the University of Birmingham. It represents the diversity of studies at the Institute of Archaeology and Antiquity with papers on archaeological, historical and classical topics, including Mesopotamian studies; industrial archaeology and Byzantine studies. The journal welcomes submissions from postgraduate students. At the time of review, the first issue ad been published with illustrated articles; personal experiences (e.g. Simon Buteux's "Thirty Years of Birmingham Archaeology: A Career in Ruins"); book and conference reviews. The papers contain maps and videos and can be easily printed using the version in PDF format. The journal is edited by postgraduate students and publishes unfinished research being carried out at postgraduate level, but the papers appear fresh and stimulating.
The Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project is a multi-disciplinary research project set up to investigate the use of land in a typical north-west Norfolk parish. A range of archaeological techniques is being used to study the parish. The website gives brief details of a number of projects, some with interim reports of their results. There are detailed descriptions of archaeological techniques, post-excavation activities, and of the techniques used in making facial reconstructions from excavated human skulls. News about the organisation set up to coordinate the project and current activities are available. There is also a forum to discuss recent activities and eventually get involved in the project. Researchers and professional archaeologists may be interested in this website.
This is the website of the Society for Libyan Studies, founded in 1969 with support from the British Academy. The Society aims to encourage and coordinate the activities of researchers working on Libya in Britain and elsewhere. The Society is interested in a broad range of research including: archaeology; history; linguistics; natural sciences; and religion. The site is a valuable resource for information on current academic activities and potential sources of support for researchers. The Society provides some grants and scholarships and organises fieldwork trips. It also publishes the Journal of Libyan Studies, and the site provides tables of contacts for the volumes for 1983-1999, plus abstracts for some of these volumes. Details of forthcoming lectures and meetings concerning Libya are given, plus details of relevant collections in British libraries and archives. The site links to: archaeological sites in Libya; Libyan and British institutes; and other relevant sites.
This is the website of the Hellenic Society, one of the foremost organisations in the British Isles promoting the study of ancient Greek and Byzantine culture. Included here are: information on membership; details of publications (including the Journal of Hellenic Studies, Archaeological Reports and numerous supplementary volumes); details of available grants, prizes and support for schools; listings of events such as lectures and meetings; a list of the Society's current officers. Via the publications section users may also view contents lists for the Journal of Hellenic Studies from 1999-2008, along wiith abstracts for the volumes from 2001 onwards.
This is the official website of the Society of Antiquaries of London. The Society celebrates its 300th anniversary in 2009. The website contains information on the history of the Society (of importance for the history of archaeological research); it lists forthcoming events; and contains the online catalogue of the library. The website also lists publications by the Society and grants. Fellows of the Society can access a special area reserved to them.
The Somerset Historic Environment Record (HER) is a computerised record of information on archaeological sites and activity in the post-1974 county of Somerset. The record was started in 1974 and has been computerised since 1982. At the time of review it contained about 21,000 archaeological records including 6,700 Listed buildings. The HER went online in 2003 and can also be consulted by post, fax or email or can be visited by appointment. Somerset Sites & Monuments Record has also been deposited with the Archaeology Data Service and can be searched alongside other archaeological data in their catalogue through ArchSearch.
The South Cadbury environs project summarizes the annual field reports from the archaeological investigations, 1994-2000. Cadbury Castle has been subject to intensive investigation since 1966 but the immediate hinterland has received little attention. The aim of the South Cadbury Environs Project is to characterise in more detail the cultural identity of the region centred upon the hillfort in later prehistory through to the Romano-British period. Excavations, geophysical surveys and surface collection are carried out at a number of sites close to the hillfort and reports of these are presented on the website. A page describes a late Bronze Age shield found during the excavation of a ditch. It is recommended to login (with the provided data on the login page) to the website before accessing any other page in order to activate some features.
This website describes the wreck of the Saint Michael (or St Mikael), a three-masted 'galliot' sunk in 1747 off the south-west coast of Finland, which was rediscovered in the late 1950s, prompting several archaeological diving expeditions to learn more about the ship and its cargo. To date, over 600 items have been recovered from the wreck and extensive recording has been undertaken to fully document its structure and condition. The most recent fieldwork - two seasons over 1997 and 1998 - was undertaken by the Maritime Museum of Finland. The website provides information on the ship's background and some of the items found among the wreck. Links are provided to the relevant websites at the Maritime Museum of Finland and the Finnish National Board of Antiquities.
This is the personal homepage of Christine Kleibscheidel. It contains information about her research and some of her full-text papers as well as her MA thesis. All texts are in German with English abstracts. There is a section on her research about water supply at Rostock, Germany, in Medieval and early modern times (13th to 18th centuries). She particularly focuses her attention on wells, shafts and wooden pipes found at excavations in Kröpeliner StraÃƒÅ¸e 34-36 and 55-56; Kleiner Katthagen 4, and KuhstraÃƒÅ¸e. Her MA thesis instead focuses on "basic methods used by traditional archaeology to determine gender in Hallstatt period graves", where she criticises traditional archaeological methods to identify gender as unreliable and suggests that only data obtained through skeletal analysis can be trusted. The texts in PDF and Word format are hosted on a free website with plenty of ads and popups.
The Stone in Archaeology database is an online resource to assist Archaeologists recognise the stones used in buildings in antiquity throughout England. The project is based within the Department of Archaeology; University of Southampton, and utilises evidence derived from a large rock collection housed in the department. The database allows the identification of the rock samples discovered by Archaeologists, through searching by the description of the distinctive physical properties of the stone. Currently there are 200 stones listed on the database, which can also be searched by a number of other parameters including usage examples, and geographical place of discovery. The archive is to remain ‘open’ so that it can be expanded by Archaeologists, and the general public and is housed by the Archaeological Data Service (ADS).
Stratify is a programme which automatically lays out a Harris Matrix diagram showing the stratigraphical relationships of archaeological contexts. It takes into account all of the available information on chronology and groupings. Context data is stored in a relational database. Results from the programme can be exported in a number of bitmap and vector graphics formats. In particular, Mapinfo, CSV and Dbase formats are available as export formats. The website has an annotated slide show demonstrating the use of the programme. A manual and two papers describing the programme are available as PDF files. Stratify is free to download.
The "Supporting Community Archaeology in the UK" website produced by for The Council for British Archaeology (CBA) publishes an updated report (in PDF format) by Dr Suzie Thomas entitled "Community Archaeology in the UK: Recent Findings". The report concludes that in 2010 up to 215,000 individuals may be available to be involved in such projects, a resource to be assessed against the declining role of universities in excavations due to funding cuts.Professional archaeologists are usually in charge of such projects, but excavation only accounts for about 410f such projects and it is emphasised in the report that the skills brought by volunteers are often ignored. "Popular activities [among the volunteers] include recording through photography, attending talks or lectures, lobbying on heritage issues, and fieldwalking". The sustainability of the projects is a serious concern. Local conditions and communities affect deeply such projects and their outcomes.
The website also includes a blog and a series of presentations (also in PDF format) from a workshop on the subject. Anyone interested in archaeology in the UK or anywhere else should read the report as community archaeology offers great potential that has not been fully recognised or tapped yet.
This website provides the results and findings from postal survey of the providers and users of archaeological specialist services, undertaken by Landward Archaeology Ltd. in the summer of 1999. The project was commissioned by the Institute of Field Archaeologists and was jointly sponsored by Museum of London Specialist Services and English Heritage (Archaeology Division). A total of 688 questionnaires were sent to organisations and individuals that were believed to either provide or use such services. The project aimed to provide information about the use of archaeological specialists by organisations undertaking archaeological work. It approached those commissioning specialist work and those undertaking it to examine their views on service provision and training. It also aimed to provide insights into skills surpluses and shortages, costs and the basis of costing, so helping the profession and individuals plan for training provision and career progression. The survey was undertaken by postal questionnaire, with the questionnaires being posted in early August 1999. Data from questionnaires that were returned by 30th September 1999 have been used in the compilation of the report. Researchers and professional archaeologists concerned about archaeological practice in the UK may find this website useful.
The Sutton Common project is described in a microsite from the Department of Archaeology at the University of Exeter. This Iron Age site, consisting of two enclosures of unknown function, has been excavated between 1999 and 2003 by Exeter University in partnership with the University of Hull Wetlands Archaeology and Environments Research Centre. The site, lying in a wetlands area near Askern, South Yorkshire, has important potential for the study of organic remains from the Iron Age period, with particular reference to wood which may reveal wood working techniques, and the analysis of the palaeoenvironment of the period. A project diary describes week by week activities during excavation and is supplemented by a photo gallery, which includes aerial photographs. The full text of the project design (published in 2004) for the excavations and post-excavation analysis is provided as a 42 page PDF file - this includes a detailed assessment of the site and its potential in terms of archaeological features, small finds, organic material, human and animal remains, geoarchaeology and pollen analysis. An appendix provides a timeline of archaeological investigation of the site since the mid-nineteenth century.
This website describes the results of the renewed excavations at Tel Hazor conducted since 1990 by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the Complutense University of Madrid and the Israel Exploration Society. The bulk of the website is a series of illustrated reports covering the years 1991-2008 (further reports are planned), together with an introduction to the history of Hazor and a basic bibliography of recent research. This website will provide a useful introduction to the site for undergraduates studying Near Eastern archaeology or biblical studies or to those interested in participating in archaeological fieldwork in Israel. Students and volunteers may also find information to participate in the excavations.
Tel Hazor was the largest urban centre in Bronze and Iron Age Israel, straddling the major communication routes to Egypt, and played an important role in the history and culture of ancient Canaan and the biblical world. It has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site.
The website describes the Tell Brak project in Syria carried out by archaeologists at Cambridge University, and focuses on the "investigation of urban growth and administration in Northern Mesopotamia in the 4th and 3rd millenia BC". The website lists relevant publications, the personnel involved in the project, research aims and results and is of use to graduates and postgraduates, or indeed anyone with an interest in archaeology, the period, or Syria. Through the project, the researchers explored the nature of urban settlement, the Akkadian imperial presence, and the post-Akkadian city as a focus of one of the earliest known Hurrian kingdoms.The Web page describes the physical features of the location, and Brak, a so-called "gateway City". The ancient name for the city was Nagar, which was a centre of Akkadian imperial administration. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
This website details the results of excavations at Tell Nimrin, Jordan (also known as Tell esh-Shouneh ej-Junubiyyeh). The project has examined the paleoenvironment of the southern Jordan Valley region of the Royal Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, looking to record and preserve data threatened by regional development. Significant finds have included iron-age ostraca, a hoard of Byzantine coins, and large Middle Bronze Age architectural structures. The website details the excavations that have taken place and the findings of the research. There are images and description of the important artefacts unearthed, and a section of other primary data. A section of 'integrative studies' provides bibliographic details of publications relating to the project. This detailed web resource should prove useful for archaeologists working on the ancient Near East.
The Post Hole is a student-run journal edited at the Department of Archaeology, University of York. It is available as website or in PDF format. Contributions focus on local projects or research projects run by staff in the department; current news of interest related to the archaeology of the British Isles; and interviews with British archaeologists. There is an archive of past issues. The editors welcome contributions from students.
This is the website of Time Team, the popular Channel 4 archaeology programme providing an in-depth guide both to the contents of the television programme over the past 10 years as well as an introduction to many aspects of archaeology for the general public and for amateur archaeologists. The website uses a hypertext medium to link the contents of the television programmes since 1997 with an explanatory framework for understanding archaeology and how it is practised in the contemporary world. The programmes themselves feature an impressive range of archaeological sites ranging from a Dinosaur dig in Montana to recent industrial sites. Bibliographic references and WWW links abound. The reader is also provided with a period by period introduction to British Archaeology, illustrated with reference to episodes of the Time Team series and linked to an A-Z of archaeological terms and to an attractive interactive timeline which relates historical events and relevant archaeological sites explored by the Team.The 'Time Detectives' section allows you to do an assessment of an imaginary archaeology site threatened by developers and while 'Dig Deeper' provides an excellent guide for amateurs to get involved in practical archaeology, academic research and browsing the WWW for archaeological resources. The site also features an online discussion forum and information on how to join the Time Team club, abstracts from whose newsletter are also provided. QuickTime is required for the video interviews with Time Team members. While this impressively presented and highly informative web resource is obviously aimed at the general public, it will also be of interest to students of archaeology at all levels who will benefit from the clear overview of the subject, particularly to those wanting to keep abreast of areas outside their subject focus.
The tomb of Senneferi is one of the 'Tombs of the Nobles' on the West Bank at Luxor in Egypt. This website aims to provide up-to-date information on a University of Cambridge archaeological fieldwork project in progress. It professes to be an experiment in the online presentation of information and is wide ranging in its coverage. The site is made up of a large collection of well illustrated pages, some aimed at specialists, some not. Topics covered include Senneferi and his family; a brief history of Tomb TT99; later re-use of the tomb; the architecture, wall paintings, conservation, excavation, and finds. There are dig diaries for 1998, 1999, 2000, and 2001, a list of related publications, and reports on each season's excavations from 1992 onwards. Quick time videos illustrate the area and archaeological activities, while a slide show presents many examples of finds and wall paintings. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
On-line reports of a multi-disciplinary archaeology project in the Upper Tigris valley in south-eastern Turkey led by the University of Utah, a relatively unexplored area which is increasingly threatened by modern economic development such as dam construction. Defined in classic core-periphery terms, this region acted as a frontier zone, from the 4th and 3rd millennia BC onwards, between the expanding urban societies of Mesopotamia and the relatively underdeveloped, but resource rich, areas of the Anatolian highlands. UTARP is a long-term project, initiated in 1998, which combines broad-scale landscape approaches with more intensive survey and exploration based on settlement sites such as Boztepe, Talavash Tepe and Kenan Tepe, the last of which is the focus on a long-term excavation project. A particular theme is the relationship between local populations and the colonial and economic powers who attempted to dominate this area from the Ubaid period onwards and as late as Assyrian, Persian and Hellenistic periods. The website provides a series of detailed annual reports (including specialist accounts of mettalurgical and other artefactual material) from a variety of sources outlining the results of successive campaigns since 1999, though it is unclear from the website if the project has been affected by political problems in the region. The multi-scale interactive maps and quality images of sites and artefacts are complemented by a video introduction to the site using Quicktime and Windows Media while detailed bibliographies are provided for further research on individual sites and broader issues. This resource will benefit undergraduate and researchers of Near Eastern archaeology as well as those interested in broader world archaeology issues such as large-scale economic interactions, landscape approaches and fieldwork methods.
'Urban Archeology in Beirut: a preliminary report' [sic.] provides online access to a study presented to those scholars invited to become members of the International Scientifique Committee. The text provides information about an urban archaeology program in the central district of Beirut (at the site of Ancient Berytus). The exposed remains date to three periods: the Hellenistic to Byzantine period (300 BC to 600 AD), the late Medieval period (1000 - 1700 AD) and the period associated with the reconstruction of the Souk area (1840 AD). This website provides information about work undertaken at the site, and also contains details of some of the finds made from the excavations. Both students and researchers may find this website useful.
The Vela Spila website, produced in both English and Croatian, presents the results of almost thirty years of exploration of Vela Cave (Vela Spila), located near the western end of the island of Korcula, outside the town of Vela Luka. Fieldwork conducted by the Yugoslav Academy of Science, Institute of Archaeology began in the cave in 1974 and has continued on an almost yearly basis ever since. The cave has, however, a far longer history of study and was first described in 1835 by the local historian, collector and museum commissioner Nikola Ostoic. Around 200 square metres of the cave have been excavated since 1974 to an average depth of 4 metres and the cave bottom has yet to be reached. The Vela Spila website is professionally designed and easily usable. The vast bulk of the site consists of reports on the archaeology of the cave and this is organised into seven main periods from Upper Palaeolithic through to Early Bronze Age. The website is rich in images with a dedicated photo gallery with site images and QuickTime panoramas. Many of these images focus on artefacts, sorted by period, and include extensive ceramic images as well as others of lithic; bone; and shell objects. The website is logically set out by period and navigation is relatively easy. This website may be useful especially to students.
This website constitute the home page for not one, but two projects. The first is the 'Water supply of Constantinople', a study primarily investigating the Valens Aqueduct system that runs from modern-day Vize to Istanbul. The second project focuses upon the 5th to 7th century defences west of Istanbul known as the Anastasian Wall or the Long Walls of Thrace.The 'Water Supply of Constantinople' pages provide access to a large amount of information regarding the hydro-engineering undertaken by the Emperor Valens and his successors around Istanbul. The aqueduct constructed by Valens took 30 years to complete and stretched 150km, although over the next 150 years its length was extended to over 250km. Much information regarding previous excavations is provided. By investigating the changes in water supply and demand, the project aims to gain a better understanding of the life and development of the medieval city.The 'Anastasian Wall' pages discuss the project's aims and accomplishments, whilst also presenting information about the structure's background and history. A major facet of the project is the surveying of the remaining wall portions, the results of which are discussed by splitting the wall into north, central and south sections. Both sections of this website are navigable either by a standard toolbar, or by an interactive Flash map that depicts Constantinople and its surrounding region (and structures). Fieldwork reports from both projects and provided in English, although Turkish versions of the reports and the site itself appear to be under construction.
The Wayeb website is the official website of the European Association of Mayanists. It includes information on the association and events relevant to the study of Mayan civilisation. There is a list with contact details and short biographies of several specialists as well as information on universities and research centres both in Europe and overseas carrying out research on the Maya. Wayeb Notes is a collection of research articles freely available in PDF format. The association organises annual meetings and workshops accessible to both scholars and students. The website is useful to all European residents interested in researching the Maya or any specialist interested in contacting a European colleague.
This is the home page for the Whitby Abbey Headland Project which centres on the recently discovered Anglian enclosure of the 7th-8th century. This is a well illustrated website with location and excavation plans, photographs of the site, methods and archaeological features and line drawings of finds. There are at least 200 graves in the area of excavation from at least two phases of burials. The few datable finds recovered so far suggest a period between the 7th and 9th centuries AD for the burials.
The official website of the World Archaeological Congress (WAC) provides information on the range of activities undertaken by the organisation. WAC aims to promote interest in the past in all countries and acts as a membership organisation to promote a number of key aims in professional archaeology; especially focusing on social and ethical issues and more recently cultural heritage in war-torn countries. WAC holds international congresses at regular intervals to promote the discussion among archaeologists of new research, archaeological policies, practices and politics. WAC also sees an important role for itself in providing professional training and public education for disadvantaged nations. The website contains details on joining or supporting WAC together with details of the organisation's activities (taskforces, standing committees, events); conferences (both past and future as well as affiliated meetings); publications (several newsletters); and journals (Archaeologies; Arqueología Suramericana/Arqueologia Sul-Americana; Journal of Environment and Culture). Details of past WAC activities are available through the WAC Archive which contains links to the archived websites and associated material from past WAC international congresses. In addition to acting as a representative body, WAC also offers a number of grants and awards to aid publication, the running of workshops and travel to congresses, details of which are available through the website. A news section containing press releases and reports is also available; it is also possible to register to their mailing lists.
Yautepec was a significant Aztec city whose king ruled over several lesser city-states in the Yautepec river valley. The ruins of the city lie adjacent to and under the modern city of the same name, situated about 50 miles south of Mexico City. The Royal palace at Yautepec is the first such structure to have been excavated by archaeologists. Work is still ongoing. This website describes the excavations so far undertaken at Yautepec. It provides photographs of some of the structures and artefacts unearthed. The significance of the remains is explained, and there is a short section on urban life in Aztec Yautepec. There are maps of the site and a short bibliography of further reading.
York Archaeological Trust (YAT) is an online collection of information on the work of the Trust in both archaeology and education. Information regarding several of York's attractions that are under the remit of YAT, including: the Jorvik Viking Centre; the Archaeological Resource Centre (ARC); and Barley Hall, is provided, along with: a news section; image gallery; and a catalogue of publications. Also provided are links to other relevant archaeological websites and several current feature articles that change periodically.
This is the website of the Young Archaeologists' Club (YAC). This organisation was started in 1973, and since the 1990s it has been based in the Council for British Archaeology (CBA),with co-ordination in Scotland based at the Council for Scottish Archaeology (National Museums of Scotland). Tony Robinson, is the Club's honorary President, and YAC appears to warmly supported by the whole Time Team archaeology television programme. (This Time Team has a regular page in the Young Archaeologist magazine, excerpts are included on the website). YAC members are aged 8-9 and over, but there is a group for younger enthusiasts called 'The YAC Supporters'. There is also membership for 'Interested' adults, as well as School/Institutional membership. On the website there are details of how to join, as well as an online YAC membership application form. There is a YAC bulletin board so you can contact other young archaeologists. The organisation hold the Young Archaeologist of the Year Award, and the website includes some careers and qualifications advice and the society has its own Education Officer.