Susanne Webel of the University of Koeln (Cologne) provides this online resource guide for seventeenth-century women's literature. Meant primarily for students of her course, '17th Century Women Poets', this will also be of general interest to students of seventeenth-century literature and gender studies elsewhere. The resource includes links to articles and reviews, biographical information about a selection of seventeenth-century women writers, and selections of the work of poets including Aphra Behn, Katherine Fowler Philips, Lady Mary Wroth, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, Elizabeth Major and Anne Bradstreet. There is also a useful list of general links to seventeenth-century resources, although a number of these links are broken. The site has not been updated since 1998, so while the site lists valuable secondary source material, it does not include the most recent scholarship.
The Cavalier Poets Web pages (part of the Luminarium Anthology of English Literature site) are devoted to 17th-century poets: Ben Jonson; Robert Herrick; Edward Herbert; Thomas Carew; James Shirley; Mildmay Fane; Edmund Waller; Sir John Suckling; Richard Lovelace; Abraham Cowley; and Henry Vaughan. Known as the Cavalier poets due to their largely Royalist political sympathies, these writers are characterised by a shared use of colloquial language, and an easygoing attitude towards life. The site provides a page for each of the poets, which hosts: quotes; biographies; e-texts of their works (some with audio clips); links to numerous critical essays on the Web; and links to additional online resources. The site is very well organized, easy to navigate, and contains useful research material.
The full-text of the poem, "A fact, and an imagination : or Canute and Alfred, on the seashore" by William Wordsworth, taken from The Complete Poetical Works, which was published in 1888. The collection appears on the website Bartleby.com, which contains online literature and verse. This poem is an account of the story of the Danish Conqueror King Canute, on the seashore. The King's throne is set at the water's edge and he commands the waves not to come closer. When the waves surround the King's throne, he proves to his subjects that he is not all powerful. The site contains advertising.
The website 'A Frost Bouquet' hosts images of materials from a 1996 special exhibition of editions and memorabilia of the poet, Robert Frost. The online exhibit is divided into six sections: Robert Frost editions in English; editions in other languages; the Frost family; the 'Bouquet'; Christmas cards; and Barrett and the biographers. The first two sections include manuscript images as well as photographs of published material. The family section contains photographs of Frost, his family and friends, from various stages of his life. The Bouquet itself was a manuscript magazine consisting of poems, stories, and illustrations, created by Frost's children and family friends. Images of each page of the first edition (June 1914) are available on the website. The biographical section contain various materials: the draft of Clifton Waller Barrett's introductory speech for Frost's 1952 appearance at the University of Virginia; manuscripts of biographical accounts of the poet; and photographs of Frost's biographers at work.
This is the full-text of "A Grave", a poem by Marianne Moore, an American poet and contemporary of Ezra Pound and William Carlos Williams. Moore's brother Warner was a chaplain in the U.S. Navy. The site explains that "the sea was one of Moore's favourite topics, but she was also very much aware of the sea as a grave. The sea, for Moore, was both beautiful and deadly."
The Able Muse Review, edited by Alexander Pepple, hails from San Jose, California and is a journal of poetry, prose and art published online quarterly. The first issue appeared in the autumn on 1999. It "predominantly publishes metrical poetry complemented by art and photography, fiction and non-fiction including essays, book reviews and interviews with a focus on metrical and formal poetry". Submissions are invited. Each issue presents the work of featured poets, writers, artists, photographers and/or musicians. The site features the current issue but all previous volumes are archived and searchable. Images of artists' work, audio readings by featured poets (Real Player required) and mp3 music recordings are provided.
This site is an online guide to the Adam Collection; the former library of Miron Grindea (1909-1995), editor of 'The Adam International Review', which is now housed at King's College London. It may be of interest to researchers in modern literature, but also to those pursuing Middle Eastern, European or War Studies, due to the more unusual features of the collection. These include monographs and ephemera on the Middle East and the history of Zionism, as well as a collection of monographs on Romanian art, history and civilisation in French and German. The collection is strong in 20th-century poetry in English and also features literature in other European languages. In addition, users will find poetry from lesser known authors and texts issued in small print runs which may be hard to locate. Many of the books in the collection are signed by the author and were sent to Grindea for review. These include texts signed by T. S. Eliot; Robert Graves; Iris Murdoch; Bertrand Russell; Michael Foot; Raymond Queneau; and Georges Duhamel. The site includes a brief biography of Grindea and a history of 'The Adam International Review', including a select bibliography for further background. A list of the books contained in the collection can be accessed from this site via the King's College online catalogue. There are also links to the site of King's College Archives, where Grindea's papers and the 'Adam' archive are housed, as well as sites relating to similar collections. The site is well presented, informative and user-friendly.
Dedicated to the seventeenth-century English poet Aemilia Lanyer (1569-1645), this site offers a wealth of useful information for those wishing to learn more about Lanyer's life and work, including an online version of Lanyer's volume of poetry "Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum" (Hail God, King of the Jews), which is available as a teaching and research resource. A biography written by the site's editor Kari Boyd McBride, assistant professor in the University of Arizona's women's studies department, provides an overview of Lanyer's life and is available for use as a teaching resource. The site also features an extensive bibliography of works by and about Lanyer organised under seven headings including: editions of "Salve..."; articles and books addressing Lanyer's life and work; and work forthcoming, unpublished or in progress. Perhaps the most useful feature of the site is an online version of Lanyer's "Salve..." which includes the full-text of the title poem as well as the prefatory poems included in version STC 15277.5 which are comprised of addresses to Queen Anne, the Princess Elizabeth, all virtuous ladies in general, Arabella Stuart, Susan Countess of Kent, Mary Sidney, Lucy Countess of Bedford, Margaret Countess of Cumberland, Katherine Countess of Suffolk, Anne Countess of Dorset, and the virtuous reader. Also available is "The Description of Cooke-ham", which follows the title poem and is reputedly the earliest known English country house poem.
The Aesthetic Realism Foundation website is the site of a not-for-profit educational foundation that embraces the philosophical idea of Aesthetic Realism, a philosophy founded by American poet and philosopher Eli Siegel in 1941. The website provides a rich source of information about the philosophy, as well essays and lectures by Siegel and others on: the art of poetry; Aesthetic Realism and education; and art theory, amongst other subjects. The website includes a link to The Right of Aesthetic Realism to be Known (TRO), which is the bi-weekly periodical of the Aesthetic Realism Foundation, published since 1973. Recent issues and sample articles of TRO can be accessed online, and subscription details are also provided. Related links are also given.
Aftermath is a website which examines the social and cultural aftermath of the First World War, especially in the UK, "when the boys came home" (including: the experience of returned soldiers; the need for remembrance and war memorials; and the literature of the early 1920s). The author is a professional Web designer, and design pervades Aftermath and enhances it - even the distinctive poppy red colour scheme. The site's navigation is powered by DHTML. The majority of the extensive content of the site is database driven. The navigation bars to the left and at the top provide fast access with drop-down menus leading to index pages for the major divisions within the site. From there one can access the range of articles dealing with particular subjects including: News Clips (a very useful reference archive of newspaper articles about the Great War since 1998); the 2 minutes silence at 11 o'clock on Armistice Day now part of remembrance ceremonies; Peace Day (the official end of the war, marked by the signing three weeks earlier of the Versailles Treaty); War Memorials; Bereavement (personal accounts of loss); Pilgrimage (the history of visits to the Western Front); A Land Fit For Heroes (focuses on the grim peacetime reality for too many heroes, including J.B.Priestley's account of a battalion reunion); The Lost Generation (the myth and reality of the 1920s notion that Britain's troubles were due to the losses in the Great War); Disenchantment (extract from book by C.E.Montague, 1922); retrospectives on people and places such as Douglas Haig; Aftermath USA (the post-war experience in America); Short Stories (written in the 1920s by authors such as Katherine Mansfield, Rudyard Kipling, Mrs Belloc Lowndes, and Arthur Machen; Great War Poetry; Modern Poetry; H.V.Morton's London, from the 1920s; Music Hall (the post-war decline); Crime. There is also a guestbook and other interactive message boards.
This site chronicles the life and work of the American poet and political activist Allen Ginsberg (1926-1997). It is run by The Allen Ginsberg Trust, which was established by the poet before his death to manage his literary estate. There is an appreciation of Ginsberg by Michael Schumacher and a detailed chronology of Ginsberg's life. The main section is The Library, which contains a good deal of original material: images of texts and manuscripts (requiring Adobe Acrobat); photographs, art, and ephemera; and audio and video recordings. There are further sections listing available books, and audio and video recordings. Beatlinks is a listing of websites relating to Ginsberg and his associates.
The Alliance of Literary Societies (ALS) is an active umbrella organisation that encompasses the hundreds of small non-profit literary societies active in the British Isles. These societies are usually historical in nature, and are devoted to the works of a particular writer or a small group of writers. The ALS website maintains a comprehensive and detailed A-Z listing of all member societies, which at June 2007 stood at over 100 members. The ALS website also lists forthcoming conferences, talks and courses held by ALS member societies. There is a noticeboard of requests and queries from members.
The website of the American Chesterton Society is dedicated to the promotion and revivification of the thought of G.K. Chesterton. The site hosts a wealth of information on Chesterton and will be of considerable use to all those interested in the life and works of this prolific and popular: philosopher; novelist; poet; theologian; and social critic. Among the resources provided are: a bibliography of Chesterton's works; a brief biography; memorable quotes; and the full-texts of many essays and poems by Chesterton. These last are arranged under headings including: 'The Essayist'; 'The Poet'; 'The Artist'; 'The Murderer'; 'The Distributist'; 'The Historian'; 'The Critic'; 'The Philosopher'; and 'The Theologian'. The site also provides helpful synopses of Chesterton's views on: consumerism; the family; puritanism; pacifism; and crime and punishment among other topics. Sample articles from the Society's 'Gilbert Magazine' are also available via the site. The site is extremely well presented and accessible.
At the time of writing, the American Poems website hosts over 8,000 poems by over 200 American poets, including well known names such as: Maya Angelou; Emily Dickinson; Adrienne Rich; Robert Frost; and William Carlos Williams. Each poet has a separate section devoted to them, containing a biography as well as links to poems and often extra information charting the poet's critical reception. The site can be searched by keyword, or poems can be browsed by poet, or as part of a 'top 40' list. A poem of the day is also provided. Users can also become members, and upload their own poems The information on this website is likely to be of use to English students (at the secondary school and undergraduate levels) and poetry enthusiasts.
The American Verse Project is a searchable online database of hundreds of collected works of poetry published before 1920. It is a collaboration between the University of Michigan Humanities Text Initiative (HTI) and the University of Michigan Press. Works have been selected for inclusion from prior printed anthologies of verse, with additions to ensure adequate representation of people of colour and female poets. The poems have been scanned using OCR packages and encoded in SGML, following the TEI guidelines. The transcribed volumes retain some of the layout of the originals, such as page and line breaks and section headings. One can choose to view works with or without line numbering. Images, introductory essays and footnotes are included in the online collection. Single and multiple works can be browsed and searched. One can look for keywords and phrases, use Boolean expressions to search for keywords in a single line, paragraph, poem or collection, and carry out proximity searches (for words occurring within forty, eighty or 120 characters of each other). Results give the keyword-in-context and links to the complete text (though one must use the browser's search facility to locate the term as it is not highlighted when one moves to the full-text). The texts can also be saved in SGML format for further analysis in other software.
This web resource is the home page of the American black militant writer and artist Amiri Baraka. Born LeRoi Jones in 1934, he adopted the name Imamu Amiri Baraka in 1965 as a sign of his commitment to Afro-Americanism. This site offers limited resources, but does provide access to various aspects of Baraka's life and work, including a selection of recent photographs, a long statement concerning the controversy relating to his poem Somebody blew up America written in 2002 while he was New Jersey's Poet Laureate, and a video excerpt from the 2002 Dodge Festival. There are details of his publications available on the web, a substantial list of publications for sale directly from the author (including much print-on-demand and unpublished work) and samples of his original drawings. There is a page of links listing web resources relating to Baraka, including sound files, videos and teaching aids. The content does not seem to have been updated since 2002.
This resource is the Modern American Poets website about Amiri Baraka (b. 1934). Baraka (also known as LeRoi Jones) is considered to be one of America's most important black poets. Born in New Jersey, Baraka was initially inspired by poets such as William Carlos Williams and Ezra Pound. Settling in Greenwich Village during the late fifties, he became involved with the Beat scene before entering his Black Nationalist period following the death of Malcolm X. In 1974, Baraka rejected black nationalism as racist and, in another radical shift, became a Third World Socialist. The Modern American Poetry website about Baraka consists mostly of extracts from secondary essays discussing his poems and attitudes. There are pages on SOS; Black Art; Black Dada Nihilismus; and In the Tradition. There are also extracts from interviews with the author, a selected bibliography of primary works, and a handful of his poems reproduced on the site. The poems featured here include Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note; In Memory of Radio; Notes for a Speech; and Ka'Ba. Other sections provide images of Baraka's book covers, and the usual list of links to external sites.
The American Time Capsule website has been developed by the Rare Books and Special Collections Division of the Library of Congress to provide access to texts in its printed ephemera collection. The documents included on the site have been digitally scanned to create facsimile images, which can be viewed in different sizes and formats. The site currently provides access to over 10,000 digital images, and all of the online documents will, on completion of the project, be accompanied by transcriptions. Much of the collection is made up of information from broadsides, although leaflets and pamphlets also feature, and the material is notable for its great variety. The type of material available from the site includes posters, notices, advertisements, proclamations, leaflets, propaganda, manifestos and business cards. It is possible to search or browse the collections, and it is also possible to browse by author, title, genre or geographic location of printing. A final release is planned, and this will include many of the oversize items in the collection.
This excellent online resource consists primarily of a full-text edition of the 'General Prologue' to Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. The smartly-presented text has been designed so that glosses 'pop up' when the reader runs the mouse over the word or phrase in question. An additional column contains summaries of interpretations and textual notes, with references to online essays by medievalists such as Professors Lee Patterson, C. David Benson, and Jane Zatta, as well as to other primary resources where necessary, such as the Rule of St. Augustine. A translation is provided, with facing Middle English text, and a drop-down selection box allows the reader to move easily to the part of the text describing their pilgrim of choice. Middle English audio recordings by Thomas Hanks, Jane Zatta, Alan Baragona, Tom Farrell, Alfred David, and Edwin Duncan are provided throughout the Middle English version of the text, and on a separate page for ease of access.Duncan provides links to images of some important manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales (Ellesmere, Cambridge MS Gg. 4. 27, and Oxford Corpus Christi MS 198) as well as to portraits of Chaucer himself. Background reading and further links are suggested in the 'Background' section, and help with Middle English and its pronunciation under 'Language'.This is a fine and useful resource intended primarily for the new undergraduate, or one unfamiliar with the Middle English language.
This web page contains an essay about the American poet Charles Bukowski (1920-1994). Bukowski is sometimes numbered amongst the Beat poets although he was never actually associated with the main group. Something of a drifter, and fond of the bottle, Bukowski's talents were slow to receive recognition in America. The essay examines why this was so, as well as looks at the qualities of the writing that eventually led to such recognition. Beginning with Bukowski's childhood, the essay relates his life and achievements, and acts as a good introduction to the figure of the poet and his writing, although there are no examples of his poetry. This resource is part of the website maintained by the essayist Jay Doherty.
This is a short Web page intended to act as a starting point for those interested in the American poet E. E. Cummings. It includes links to other sites, a chronology of the poet's life, a small bibliography, and a note on the capitalization of Cummings's name. Presentation is not a strength of this site, the content is also a little thin, but the page serves its declared purpose well enough.
The Anna Laetitia Barbauld website offers electronic hypertext editions of the poetry and prose of the 18th-century and Romantic era British writer Anna Laetitia Barbauld (1743-1825). The project is intended to explore the ways in which hypertext might extend editorial opportunities beyond those available to printed editions, as well as to enable free access to this increasingly studied author. The site hosts an annotated edition of Barbauld's 1773 edition of poetry, and a facsimile edition of her 1825 two-volume "Works", with a memoir by Lucy Aikin. Several of the texts feature hypertext glosses, whilst some of the poems are accompanied by more detailed critical notes that offer contextual readings. The poem, "Washing Day", for instance, is accompanied by: a critical essay; a contemporary account of washing day from James Woodforde's "Diary of a Country Parson"; a 1739 account of washing day from Mary Collier's "The Woman's Labour"; an engraving by Thomas Rowlandson; and other complementary materials. The site also includes: some of Barbauld's prose texts; 19th-century biographical accounts; a chronology of her life; a 1776 article on 'female literature' from the Westminster Journal; and some secondary critical essays. Links are provided to related resources. This well-designed and informative website should definitely appeal to students and researchers interested in Romantic literature and Barbauld more specifically. Users should note that links to external sites have not been maintained.
Anthem for doomed youth: Twelve Soldier Poets of the First World War is a virtual exhibition commemorating a major exhibit of manuscripts, letters, diaries, artworks, photographs and personal mementoes which was held at the Imperial War Museum from October 2002 to April 2003. The site provides brief biographies and photographs of twelve British poets who wrote about their experiences during World War I: Edmund Blunden; Rupert Brooke; Robert Graves; Juilien Grenfell; Ivor Gurney; David Jones; Francis Ledwidge; Wilfred Owen; Isaac Rosenberg; Siegfried Sassoon; Charles Sorley; and Edward Thomas. Users can download PDF versions of the exhibition catalogue and of major British newspaper reviews of the exhibition. Scholars in Great War History and English Literature will find posted captions from the exhibition to be useful for their research. One internal link was broken at the time of review.
The "Anthologies and Miscellanies" website is a unique study of the canonization of poetry through tables of contents of anthologies and miscellanies of poetry from various periods. The canonization of poetry reveals how society has accepted poetry, and therefore reveals information about that society and culture in which it exists. This website focuses on the: 18th; 19th; and 20th centuries, and explores how the Romantics viewed the poetry of their time, how the Victorians viewed Romantic poetry, how Victorians viewed Victorian poetry, and how 20th-century viewed poetry from the Romantic period and the Victorian period. Questions are raised such as what critique labels poets 'major' or 'minor' poets (this is most often seen in anthologies of 'major' poets), and how opinions differ on the importance of certain poets and their work. Students of English literature would find this site of interest.
The Aphra Behn Web page, created by Ruth Nestvold, is dedicated to the Restoration English dramatist Aphra Behn (1640-1689), "the first professional woman writer in English". The site provides a number of resources, including a chronology of Behn's life and work and a number of articles/essays by Ruth Nestvold, entitled: 'Aphra Behn, Racism and the Beginnings of Novelistic Discourse'; 'Women in the Theater after the Restoration'; and 'Aphra Behn and the Beginnings of a Female Narrative Voice'. In addition, there are two pieces written in German, one on 'Oroonoko' and the other on female authorship, as well as notes on a course on the early English novel at the University of Freiburg, 1997 and a paper written by Anne-Kathrin Rochwalsky, entitled "Credibility and Realism in Daniel Defoe's 'Moll Flanders' and Aphra Behn's 'Oroonoko'''. The site also provides links to related online resources and websites but these have not been updated for some time.
'Appositions: studies in renaissance / early modern literature & culture' is a peer-reviewed full-text ejournal, published annually. The journal website is presented in weblog form and navigation of issues and articles is very awkward and unintuitive, but visitors will find four issues online at June 2009. The majority, but not all, articles are freely available in HTML form. Freely available articles include: 'Chimene’s Dilemma: the Aesthetic & Political Formation of the French State in Pierre Corneille's Le Cid'; 'Pedantry, Paraphrase or Potty Humour? The Art of Translating Ovid's Heroines in 1680'; and 'Dramatic Hybridities: Sex, Nation, and Genre in Cymbeline and Bonduca', among others. The journal is available under a Creative Commons licence. The journal has details of the editor, Editorial Board, and submissions process.
Archipelago is a free magazine that contains interviews, poetry, essays, and political texts. The Archipelago website has 10 years of back-issues online, and these can be viewed as individual full-text articles or as printable PDF issues (designed for U.S. letter-size paper). The scope is international, and many poems in the magazine appear in translation. The magazine consistently examines the tasks of publishing, translating and editing, and there are historical essays and interviews that address these issues - such as the three-part 'Schocken Books: a brief history of a publishing company'. Archipelago also publishes occasional photography. The website has full details of the editors and advisors. The contents of the magazine can be searched using a simple search facility. No registration is required in order to use the website. Contributions are by invitation only.
The “Archive for New Poetry” website is hosted by the Mandeville Special Collections Library at the University of California, San Diego, and contains an extensive research collection of resources relating to American poetry and poetics in the period after 1945. The archive aims to represent experimental writing and alternative approaches to writing in English, and focuses on the “New American” poets, the Black Mountain poets, the Objectivist movement, the San Francisco Renaissance, the New York School, and the language writers. Writers represented in the Archive include Paul Blackburn, Jackson Mac Low, Carl Rakosi, Clayton Eshleman, and Lew Welch. The Archive has extensive holdings of published works, broadsides, Little Magazines, manuscripts, correspondence, and sound recordings. A link via the Mandeville Special Collections Library home page leads to detailed descriptions of the contents of this Archive. However, users should now that there are no digitised images or online features to access specific information within each separate collection of the archives.
The Armstrong Browning Library is a research centre devoted to the life and works of Victorian poets, Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning. The Library's website contains information on the collection and its background, as well as online resources. The collection includes paintings and items belonging to Robert Browning (1812-1889) and Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861), as well as images of 56 stained glass windows illustrating Browning's works. Online resources include virtual tours around the library/museum, background information on items in the collection, pages on the Brownings' famous courtship and marriage (1846), as well as their works, images of the couple and their relations. Robert Browning's most famous poems include, 'My Last Duchess', 'Fra Lippo Lippi and 'The Ring and the Book'. Elizabeth Barrett Browning was among the most important female writers of the Victorian period. 'Aurora Leigh' and 'Sonnets from the Portuguese' are among her most famous works. The most significant feature of the site is the web-based 'The Brownings: A Research Guide', which sets out to create and maintain a complete listing of research material available to scholars studying the Brownings. It is fully annotated and includes bibliographic details of over 70,000 items to be found in Browning collections world-wide. These include checklists of letters and a catalogue of the couple's possessions, along with contemporary reviews of their work, secondary source material and supporting documents of various sorts. This is a key finding aid for research into Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning and offers a starting point for any scholar in this area. For faster downloading, the site offers the option of an all text version, as well as a graphic sitemap.
Ars Interpres publications is the website of an online and in-print journal of poetry, translation and art, originating in Stockholm, and related publications. the Ars Interpres journal publishes primarily contemporary English language poetry and English translations of modern Scandinavian and European poetry as well as essays and articles on translating poetry and related subjects, as well as reviews, interviews, art and photography. Although the full journal is only available for sale, translated poems from each issue are available online. The site gives information on live events linked to the journal, such as literary readings. Information is available for those wishing to buy hard-copies online or in person, with relevant details for those ordering from Sweden, Russia and elsewhere. This site is very easy to navigate and has all the visual appeal of a hard print high-quality publication. It is attractively coloured, mainly in greys and pale orange, which make reading it on-screen less tiring on the eyes and overall is presented to an excellent standard.
This is a straightforward, no-frills, electronic-text version of George Puttenham's 'Arte of English Poesie'. The site consists of a scanned copy of the 1569 primary source, in the original spelling. This may be accessed through the Contents page, which has links to each chapter of the text, or through a single page which scrolls down through the whole 258 pages. No additional information is given about the text. The scan was made from a 1968 Scholar Press reprint. This text is a publicly-available part of the University of Virginia's Electronic Text Centre, much of the contents of which are restricted to Virginia University and its associates. The site links to the E-Text Centre's home page and a list of their online databases.
Artful Dodge is "an Ohio-based literary magazine that publishes work with a strong sense of place". The website has full details of the magazine, and invites potential readers to request a sample copy. The website offers free content online, including free full-text interviews with Jorge Luis Borges, Vaclav Havel, William Least Heat-Moon, Czeslaw Milosz, among 25 other notable writers. There are also about 20 examples of poems translated by fellow poets, and about 80 full-text articles from previous issues of the Artful Dodge. There are tables of contents for back-issues, from 1979 until 2004. The magazine has a variety of regular special features, some of which are available in full-text form on the website. The website has a short history of the magazine, details of the editors and their submission procedures. At June 2007, the website appears to be infested with aggressive commercial pop-up advertisements that manage to bypass the default pop-up blocking function in Internet Explorer.
Covering art, politics, literature and culture, this online quarterly magazine promises 'to move beyond conventional stereotypes' as it explores issues relevant to a contemporary democratic society. It seems to feature mainly articles, reviews and essays on political, social and cultural topics, but it also welcomes submissions of translations, fiction, non-fiction, drama, poetry, photography, paintings, collages, drawings, and many others. The website provides an impressive number of links to other online resources, such as national newspapers, magazines, literary and political sites, blogs, television and radio pages. The 'Alternative Media' section refers the user to individual articles or news items located at other resources. Among the drawbacks is the website design. Considering the range of themes and genres included in this magazine, without any topical organisation, the user may experience some difficulty in locating an item of interest.
This is the website for the Arts Council England which is the key funding agency for the arts in England, distributing money from the government and the national lottery. In the summer of 2002, after a period of change, a new Council of Arts Council of England was appointed and it set out a manifesto for 2003 to 2006. The website reproduces the Council's manifesto in the 'About us' section (in either PDF or RTF formats) and also provides information about funding opportunities, current projects and research and includes full-text versions of recent press releases and minutes of Arts Council meetings. The 'information and publications' section offers many information sheets on resources, funding and alternative sources of funding in PDF format. Information about funding and the regional arts councils is also available in the 'Funding' and 'My Region' areas of the website respectively.
In his website 'As One Phoenix: Four Seventeenth Century Women Poets' Ron Cooley, of the University of Saskatchewan, provides bibliographies, biographies and a selection of writings from four prominent women poets of the Seventeenth Century: Lady Mary Wroth; Katherine Philips; Aemilia Lanyer; and Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle. The site is perhaps of most interest to undergraduate students of seventeenth-century literature, but is also of use as a quick reference guide for postgraduates and beyond. The selections of poems offered are taken from: Wroth's 'Pamphilia to Amphilanthus' (1621); Philips's 'Poems by the Incomparable, Mrs. K.P.' (1664) and 'Poems by the Most Deservedly Admired Mrs. Katherine Philips, The Matchless Orinda' (1667); Lanyer's 'Salve Deus Rex Judí¦orum' (1611) and Cavandish's 'Poems and Fancies' (1653). Useful editorial notes are provided. Cooley produced the website along with some of his students as part of a tutorial project in response to the under-representation of these poets in modern anthologies of seventeenth-century verse.
The Auchinleck Manuscript website features an online edition of the manuscript held by the National Library of Scotland. Produced in London during the 1330s, the manuscript contains verses and poems spanning a wide range of genres including: romance; hagiography; doctrinal instruction; a chronicle; satire; complaint; and humorous tales. According to popular myth, Chaucer himself may have read the manuscript, and his 'Tale of Sir Thopas' may have been influenced by the Auchinleck's stanzaic 'Guy of Warwick'. But it is for romances in particular that the manuscript is renowned. There are eighteen romances, including: 'Reinbroun'; 'Of Arthour & of Merlin'; 'Roland and Vernagu'; 'Sir Tristrem'; 'Kyng Alisaunder'; 'Sir Orfeo'; 'The King of Tars'; 'Amis and Amiloun'; and 'Horn Childe and Maiden Rimnild'. All of the poems are in English. As well as containing the transcribed texts (and page images) of the manuscript, the website includes a history of manuscript and a page about its physical make up. There is also a glossary and a lexicon, as well as bibliographies for each text and topic, and links to other relevant websites. This is an excellent example of a manuscript Internet resource, which should be of great value to scholars engaged in manuscript studies or researching Middle English literature. It is also possible to download the manuscript from the Oxford Text Archive site.
The website 'Augustan Satire: An Annotated Bibliography' brings together some of the general accounts of satire and of the two most important early 18th-century satirists, Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift. This resource is part of private pages maintained by Jack Lynch, an Associate Professor in the English Department, Rutgers University (Newark). Among these pages users will find other 18th-century related online materials, concerning the period's literature, philosophy, history, art, music, architecture, religion and science. Lynch's annotated bibliography of Augustan satire includes over 70 items. These are organised into six main sections: Reference Works; Standard Editions of Major Satirists; Anthologies; Serials; Critical Studies - General or Comparative; Critical Studies - Individual Satirists (Pope and Swift). Each item includes full bibliographic details and is followed by, mostly, a paragraph long description of the work cited. This resource will be of use and interest particularly to students of Augustan age and literature.
The 'Australasian Journal of Victorian Studies' is a free full-text scholarly journal. This refereed journal of articles, news and notes in Victorian Studies is published by the Australasian Victorian Studies Association. Previously available in print, since November 2007, the journal has only been freely available online. Archived issues run back to 2008. Users may register by email to be notified of the publication of future issues. Policies and guides for submissions are also posted. The journal is being placed online under the National Library of Australia's 'Open Publish' initiative. The site has its own search engine.
Australian Scholarly Editions Centre is an online collection of works of Australian literature published by this Centre which is based at the Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA) in Canberra. The Centre publishes works of Australian literature both in traditional print format and in electronic format. Publications include: the Academy Editions of Australian Literature; a bibliography series; and the Colonial Texts series of nineteenth-century literature. Information about individual publications is provided at the website, along with order forms. The Collected Verse of John Shaw Neilson is available online as a (large) PDF file. The website features: an introduction to 'Just in Time Markup' for creating electronic texts, and a section on 'MacCase' editorial collation software. The MacCase software was developed by the Centre and used in the editing of the Academy Editions series. The site also mentions the conferences with which the Centre has been involved with, in particular the 'History of the Book' conferences. Links are provided to related organisations.
The Author Links website is an online guide to over 700 authors, created by Bedford/St. Martin's Publishers. This resource would be useful to general readers and students looking for an introduction and pointers to further information on a particular author. Information can be searched by author or browsed alphabetically. Each entry contains: a biography; an image of the author (where available); and a list of related links. Genres covered in the list include: fiction; poetry; essays; drama; and critical theory. The writers covered in this resource are from many periods and countries, and include authors as diverse as: Margaret Atwood; Charles Darwin; Harold Pinter; William Shakespeare; Voltaire; Virgil; Euripides; Su Tung-p'o (Su Shi); and many more.
The B. S. Johnson site is devoted to the life and work of this postwar experimental British novelist, poet and playwright. Anticipating many of the techniques associated with postmodern fiction, his novels include Christie Malry's Own Double-Entry and The Unfortunates, a loose-leaf novel of 27 sections, 25 of which can be read in any order. The site includes biographical information, several photographs, quotations, and a bibliography including synopses reviews and jacket photographs. There is also a collection of articles, including contemporary reviews of Johnson's novels. These are available either in the html or PDF formats. Other features include a discussion forum and a set of links. The site is a valuable resource for scholars of Johnson, or experimental British fiction, and includes regularly updated details of related live events.
The Bab Ballads were written by W.S. Gilbert (of Gilbert and Sullivan), for the magazine Fun, under the pen name of Bab. They formed the source of plots and lyrics for the later light operas. This site contains the text of these ballads, which include: The Bumboat Woman's Story, The Captain and the Mermaids, Captain Reece, The Martinet, The Mystic Selvagee, The Sensation Captain, and The Yarn of the Nancy Bell. This is part of a wider site entitled The Gilbert and Sullivan Archive, which is maintained by enthusiasts.
This is the official site of Barbara Kingsolver (1955- ), the Kentucky-born writer whose works include novels, short stories, poetry, essays, and 'Holding the line', an oral history of a mine strike in Arizona. The site includes a brief biography, an extensive bibliography of her works in all formats, a 'Bookshelf' (listing her books in print), topics for discussion by reading groups (including excepts from the novels), and audio clips taken from recordings of Kingsolver reading from her works. There is also a useful FAQ section in which Kingsolver responds at length to questions from her readers, and a News section offering information about her recent publications and an email subscription service. This is a well-organized site offering a substantial amount of background information about a significant contemporary writer.
The Barcelona Review is an electronic magazine dedicated to contemporary fiction and poetry written in English, Spanish, French and Catalan. It is produced by a Barcelona-based international collective of individuals who work either in publishing or education. The user should note that each language has a different dedicated version of the site, although the principle remains the same: to review the best of new, cutting-edge writing. The Review also publishes new short stories, poetry, essays, literary quizzes, and interviews with notable authors in each of the languages mentioned. A useful index of all the authors featured throughout back issues of the Review allows the user to quickly locate material of interest. A new issue of the Review is published online every two months, and the user may subscribe for free to be notified of its availability. This is an entertaining and informative site, which encourages contributions from its readers and will certainly appeal to anyone interested in contemporary European literature.
The barefoot press website was a companion to a regular pamphlet going by the same name which was distributed for free with the intention of increasing the circulation of and interest in South African poetry. The website features works by some significant South African poets, as well as submissions by up-and-coming writers and members of the public. All poems on the site are reviewed, however, so a certain standard is maintained - there is a light-hearted section for the absolute amateur to contribute to called 'put your foot in it', where visitors are encouraged to write about feet, where this standard is most definitely dropped. The website has led to a few print publications, most notably a posthumous one featuring the works of Lionel Abrahams, its most famous contributor. It now seems to be out of date, unfortunately, but it still retains a very useful and interesting collection of original poetry by some of South Africa's most promising young writers and is well worth a visit.
'BathHouse' is an online journal which "promotes interdisciplinary and hybrid arts with a special emphasis on language and innovation". The journal is edited and authored by current Creative Writing students at Eastern Michigan University. As well as the current issue, an archive of previous issues (full text) are available online. Many issues are based around themes, which in the past have included: Russian new media literature and art; "contagion"; and medicine. Each issue presents a mixture of: visual art; poetry; short fiction; and discussion, but the boundaries between these are often blurred. Poems are often accompanied by sound files of the poet reading the work. This is a varied and often though-provoking mixture of arts, which would appeal to creative writing and art students as well as interested readers.
The Battle of Brunanburh is a website dedicated to the Old English poem of the same name. The poem appears in four of the manuscripts of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and celebrates the victory of Aethelstan and Eadmund over the Picts and Vikings at Brunanburh in 937 AD. (The actual location of Brunanburh is disputed.) The website includes the text of the poem in Old English with a modern English translation. The Old English text is hyperlinked to a glossary and notes on the grammatical constructions used. Tennyson's translation of the poem is also included, as are: a brief summary of the historical background to the poem; a paragraph on the Old English language; and a short bibliography with links to other websites. The site also provides a sketchy map of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (entitled 'A Pitiful Map'!). Two undergraduate essays on 'The Wanderer' are also provided. This site would be of interest to students of Anglo-Saxon literature.
'The Battle of Maldon' is an enthusiast website providing details on the historical battle, linking it to the Anglo-Saxon poem describing the battle. The site provides: a short introduction to the battle; a commentary and modern translation of the poem; a map of the battlefield; photographs of the area; information on the resting place of Brithnoth, the leader of the Anglo-Saxon army involved in the battle; and related links. This is an interesting site, which adds background to the poem and the battle for students of English literature and history, and would make a good introduction to the subject.
'The BBC Four audio interviews: John Betjeman' Web page provides several audio recordings of the poet taken from interviews in 1959 and 1971. The clips include Betjeman's memories of: his education at Marlborough and Oxford; his thoughts on the poet W H Auden; and the aesthetic dimension involved in church-going. Also included is a short summary of Betjeman's life and a list of his key works. RealPlayer audio plug-in is required to listen to the clips. Those studying Betjeman will find this an interesting resource. Users of the site should note that it has not been updated since November 2009 and is available for reference only.
The BBC Poetry Out Loud Web page, part of the BBC Arts website, provides a small and varied collection of recordings of poets reading their own works. This diverse collection includes: an 1890 recording of Lord Alfred Tennyson reading 'The Charge of the Light Brigade'; Sylvia Plath reading 'Lady Lazarus'; and contempory poets such as Benjamin Zephaniah and John Hegley. Real One Player is required to hear the audio files. Although recreational rather than academic in scope, the site is still of interest as it gathers together in one place a very wide range of poets interpreting their own work. The site contains links to other BBC poetry sites, as well as the BBC's archive of interviews with poets. Users of the site should note that this page has not been updated since 2004, and is available as a source of reference only.
This site, entitled Speech and Drama, is a subsite of the BBC Radio 3 website. The site posts information on and audio links to the different BBC Speech and Drama programmes, which include: Night Waves; The Verb; Sunday Feature; Between The Ears; Drama on 3; and The Wire. Site visitors can access programmes relevant to the study of classic and contemporary literature, poetry, film and drama. One highlight in this respect is the site's Poetry Library, which features audio recordings of poems being read out loud, in some cases by the poets themselves. There are also some elements of the site which will interest specialists in Cultural History, with a specific programme on Czech history, for example. The site has an artist search engine, with which users can search for biographies and discographies on 15,000 artists across all genres. An interview subsite includes interviews with noted composers, directors, photographers, film-makers, sculptors, painters, artists, choreographers, historians, novelists, playwrights and poets.
The website "BBC Radio Four Woman's Hour: Women's poetry in the First World War" is an audio clip of 10'26'' featuring an interview with Michele Fry about her presentation at a conference (2001) about women's poetry during World War One. The discussion explores briefly the literary contributions of women poets: Mary Boden; Rose Macaulay; and Jessie Pope, contrasting them against the better known male poets of WWI, such as Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon. Antonia Beamish reads excerpts from poetry: Mary Boden's "Mud"; Rose Macaulay's "Picnic"; and Jessie Pope's "The Call". This is a good resource for English literature students. The clip is a RealAudio file. .
The Leeds Verse Database (BCMSV) holds detailed information about English poetry contained within the seventeenth and eighteenth century manuscripts held in the Brotherton Collection at the University of Leeds. Many of the manuscripts are miscellanies and commonplace books which have not been previously indexed. In total the BCMSV database details some 6,600 poems from 160 manuscripts, with 320 images available from selected images in the collection. The database can be searched by keyword, first or last lines, author, title, date, manuscript and bibliographic references. A typical record will also include information about the length of the poem, its verse form, brief summary of content, and further information about the manuscript in which the poem is found. A separate list of manuscripts is also available.
The Belfast Group website provides information on workshops that were established at Queen's University, Belfast by Philip Hobsbaum in 1963 and continued, with occasional interruptions, until 1972. Members of the Group included: Seamus Heaney; Paul Muldoon; Bernard McLaverty; Frank Ormsby; James Simmons; Arthur Terry; and Marie Heaney. The website introduces the Group and explains how their meetings were organised and conducted. It provides very brief biographies of the key members, and the full texts of poems from the 'group sheets' that were distributed to each member before meetings. The group sheets may be browsed by author and searched by: keyword; title; and author.
'The Ben Okri Bibliography' is an online bibliography detailing primary, secondary and online resources relating to the life and work of novelist and poet Ben Okri. Of interest to students of contemporary literature at all levels of study, the site constantly revises and updates its material. The bibliography is compiled and maintained by Daria Tunca at the University of Liège, Belgium, who invites contributions from scholars worldwide. The resource is divided by primary and secondary printed resources, as well as primary and secondary online resources. Primary printed resources listed here include: poetry; fiction; non-fiction; articles and essays; and interviews, while Secondary printed resources feature: books; articles and essays; encyclopedias; dissertations; reviews; and profiles. This is a straightforward site, with a large range of both hardcopy and online material listed, making it a valuable resource at all levels of research.
The website Beowulf in Hypertext, developed under the supervision of Dr. Anne Savage (Department Of English, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario), is an online learning aid for the study of: the Old English poem; its characters; and history. To add to the Anglo-Saxon text, the site provides: a modern English translation; notes; and a select bibliography. The 'History' section includes: an introduction to the Anglo-Saxon manuscript; its authorship; supporting archaeological evidence; and possible sources explaining the Christian traces in the poem. The 'Character' section elucidates on real characters (the: Geats; Danes; and Swedes) as well as fictional ones (Grendel and Grendel's mother). This site would be of interest to students studying the poem and its background, and Anglo-Saxon literature more generally.
The "Beowulf in Cyberspace" website is an online edition of the Old English epic poem Beowulf. A sophisticated and multimedia project, Beowulf on Steorarume contains a fully annotated text of Beowulf, along with new modern English and German translations of the poem. The editor, Benjamin Slade, also provides other relevant Old English texts such as: the Finnsburh Fragment; Waldere; Deor, and Charm Against a Sudden Stitch, for the purposes of contextualisation. Each section of the poem can be heard on an audio recording, and some sections also feature images. There are explanatory and background materials, as well as links to off-site resources.
The Beowulf Translations web site brings together various people's work on the poem, and is edited by Syd Allan, who refers to himself as a 'Beowulf hobbyist' whose labours 'are not meant for scholars'. But Allan's nicely illustrated website provides detailed information on a very impressive range of 'Beowulf'-related subject matters and is very useful to several aspects of the study of this Old English text. The site's main feature is a compilation of bibliographic and photographic information on Modern English translations, as well as: film; theatre; and comic-strip adaptations of the text. These can be accessed from the main page, either chronologically under date of publication (between 1805 and 2002) or alphabetically under author. In addition, the site offers a great number of other features, including: scans (of: nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century editions and translations; parts of the manuscript; and further illustrative material); audio-files; selections of text; and bibliographies. Mr Allan also provides elementary information (of limited but consistent scholarly value) on text-interpretation (discussion of: the contents; the genre; the manuscript; and the language), and the historical background. Finally, a major strength of this site is that it is extremely well hyper-linked, providing access to other websites and discussion groups on 'Beowulf'.
Blackbox manifold is a freely available online poetry magazine edited by Adam Piette and Alex Houen of Sheffield University's School of English. The magazine aims to be a forum with a focus on "innovative poetry that has prose, narrative, or sequences in its sights". The magazine, in its second issue at the time of writing, provides an index of poets for each issue, with each providing up to four poems. Occasional essays and reviews are also included, with the promise that guest editors will be invited to undertake future issues in order to keep the content fresh. Poets included in the first two issues include: Geraldine Monk; Alan Halsey; John Kinsella; Matthew Sweeney; and Peter Robinson. The magazine's approach is collaborative in nature, with no particular focus as regards poetry school or group, with submissions welcomed from established and new poets alike. This magazine would be of interest to creative writing students and poets wishing to find a forum for their work.
'Blake: an illustrated quarterly' is a scholarly journal devoted to the study of the life and works of William Blake, Begun in 1967 as 'Blake Newsletter', and later known as 'Blake Studies', all the back-issues of 'Blake Studies' and 'Blake: an illustrated quarterly' are indexed on this website. Some sample full-text articles are available without a subscription, including three on Blake's methods of colour printing. There are also all the details one would expect to find on the website of a major academic journal, such as details of the editorial staff and subscriptions. The website also offers an annual free Blake newletter, which usefully lists future Blake events and forthcoming books to be reviewed in a future issue of Blake.
Blake Digital Text Project is an online collection of electronic texts from the work of William Blake. It includes: an electronic version of 'The Complete Poetry and Prose of William Blake' with an online interactive concordance; a selected bibliography; and a multimedia monochrome edition of Blake's 'Songs of Innocence and of Experience', optimised for access via a slow Internet connection. The latter is an ambitious work in progress, whose aim is to include not only the full-text and illustrations of Blake's volume, but also audio streams and further annotated bibliographies. The website, first published in 1996 and since expanded, is the creation of Professor Nelson Hilton of University of Georgia, Athens, a Blake specialist with a strong interest in humanities computing who has published extensively on related topics.
The Bloodaxe Books website is a guide to Bloodaxe's poetry publications, and would be of interest to poetry enthusiasts, students and writing poets. The site is supported by Arts Council England. The site provides a number of resources relating to both Bloodaxe's publications and also poetry in general, including: reviews of the publisher's newest books; links to interviews with poets published by Bloodaxe; videos of poets reading their own works; advice for those new to reading poetry; poetry events listings; and an editor's blog. In addition the site gives details for poets on how to submit work as well as hints and tips on how to get published. As expected the website also promotes Bloodaxe's latest titles, and profiles the company's staff and background. This site is regularly updated, pleasingly varied, and easy to navigate.
'Bloomsbury' describes itself as "a free on-line database of .... reference books and other material published by Bloomsbury". London's Bloomsbury Publishing provides free access to their books 'Guide to Art' (1986), 'Dictionary of English Literature' (1997), 'Myth' (1996) and books of quotations, among others. They claim the website offers a searchable collection of 17,000 entries. At January 2008, a test search for 'photomontage' returns a useful collection of nine entries from the 'Guide to Art', and these linked to full-text entries. Test searches for literature (Arnold Bennett) and myth (Pygmalion) gave similarly useful results. This website is a useful and speedy quick reference source, giving reliable and concise information.
The 'Bodleian Library Broadside Ballads' website provides information on, and a database of digitised images of, ballads in the Bodleian Library. The collection consists of over 30,000 ballads from the 16th to the 20th century. Broadside ballads (popular songs) are an important source of information on popular, social, political, and religious culture, often as an alternative to more formal primary sources. The ballad broadsheets are also an excellent source of illustrations and as such inform the study of popular art. There is an integrated catalogue online and the ballads which are accompanied by notation have a sound file provided. Images (mainly woodcuts) can be searched using ICONCLASS. The documents can be searched by type, date, subject, and other fields; the images are large and of excellent quality. There is a strict access and usage agreement that must be agreed to before entering the site. This resource is likely to be of use to those with an interest in history, music, or English. The site has been updated last in 2005 thus some of the links are broken.
Bold Type was initially set up as a monthly book review by email, presenting a short list of books worth reading along with reviews and extracts. The resource, formerly provided by Random House Inc, has now been relaunched at its own website, and is run by Flavorpill Productions. The Random House website still provides archives of past issues, which would be useful to anyone with a general interest in literature as well as those studying twentieth century, American and post-colonial literature specifically. Amongst the many writers featured are: Amy Clampitt; W. G. Sebald; Chinua Achebe; Haruki Murakapemi; V. S. Naipaul; and Jennifer Egan. An audio section also offers the opportunity to hear such writers reading their work as: Margaret Atwood; John Ashbery; W.H. Auden; and Vikram Seth. There is also a 'Poets and Poetry' section, highlighting poets featured by Bold Type, and some interesting links to other literary sites. Some essays of writers works are also provided. Readers wishing to subscribe to the magazine online should go to the new website at: http://boldtype.com/.
'Bookslut' is a free monthly online magazine dedicated to the pleasure of reading. The magazine is a wide-ranging resource for English and writing students looking for contemporary reviews, interviews and opinions. Edited by an international collection of librarians, graduate students and enthusiastic readers, the magazine provides a vigorous and rigorous collection of material, aiming to offer 'insightful reviews, commentary on trends, updated news, and a lot of silliness'. Archived Issues date back to May 2002, and include interviews with authors such as: Edwin John Wintle; Camille Paglia; and Lee Gutkind. Each issue features reviews of fiction, non-fiction and poetry, as well as features on other aspects of writing and reading. The writing style is, in keeping with the title and section headings, challenging and punky, and has an opinionated vitality about it.
'Borrowers and Lenders: a journal of Shakespeare and Appropriation' is a peer-reviewed multimedia ejournal. The journal freely offers full-text contents, and is published from the English Department of the University of Georgia in the U.S.A. The aim of the journal is to examine... 'the afterlives of Shakespearean texts and their literary, filmic, multimedia, and critical histories", and as such the journal has appeal for those outside English Literature and Theatre Studies. At February 2009 there six issues online, some themed with themes such as: 'Shakespeare for Children'; 'Canadian Shakespeares', and 'Shakespeare in the American South'. Articles are provided in PDF format. Reviews are clustered around certain media texts. The journal website has full details of the editors and Editorial Board, and the submissions process.
This is the website of The Bow-Wow Shop, an international poetry forum. The name is a reference to A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue by Captain Francis Grose, published in 1785: "BOW-WOW SHOP. A salesman's shop in Monmouth-street; so called because the servant barks and the master bites." It was formed in 2006 in London. The project is the creation of several hands. It specifically seeks to draw attention to the Internet as a method of increasing interest in contemporary poetry. The website features pages of poetry and visual works dedicated to individual authors. There are, for instance, collages by John Ashbery and translations of poems by Egon Schiele. The Bow-Wow Shop welcomes contributions, and there is information about submissions on the website. There are also reviews (and The Bow-Wow Shop also welcomes new reviewers).
A Brief Outline of Medieval English Literature is part of the San Antonio College British Literature Index, and provides a solid introduction to the principal writers and genres of the medieval period. The site begins with a section on Old English prose and poetry, providing details of Anglo-Saxon manuscripts and modern English translations. The Middle English section offers critical and biographical information on the major writers such as: Geoffrey Chaucer; William Langland; the Pearl Poet; Robert Henryson; and Thomas Malory, as well as details of their major works and links to e-texts and other relevant sites. The main strength of the site lies in its links to excellent pages, such as those concerning: the mystics Julian of Norwich and Margery Kempe; medieval lyrics; and medieval drama. This would make a good introduction to the literature of the period for undergraduate English students.
The British Association for Romantic Studies website provides information on: the aims and history of the Association; forthcoming events; postgraduate bursaries; and subscription information, as well as links of interest to those teaching, researching or studying the cultural history of the Romantic period (roughly 1770 - 1830). The Association publishes a 'Bulletin and Review' twice yearly, the reviews from which are made available online (from issue 11 onwards) as PDF files. The site also includes: a selection of relevant links; a list of recently-published books about the period; a list of centres for Romantic Studies and related courses; and a list of bursaries available to students of the Romatic period.
The British Council's Literature website provides information on literature and literary events in the UK. The British Council's priorities in this wide field include: literature for young people; cultural diversity; creative writing; and literary translation. The site provides a fully-searchable database of contemporary authors, which features: author biographies; bibliographies; reviews; and photographs. Details are also provided on British Council-run workshops and conferences, as well as on its worldwide online reading group 'enCompass'. Anyone teaching or studying English literature or creative writing would find this resource of interest.
The British Haiku Society (BHS) is a poetry society promoting "the appreciation and writing of haiku in the UK". The BHS administers several competitions, offers teaching materials and publishes books. The BHS also publishes a regular journal titled 'Blithe Spirit', and the latest two issues are freely available on the website in full-text form. 'Blithe Spirit' contains new poetry, criticism and reviews. The BHS maintains a postal lending-library for members, and this library has an online catalogue. The website has a short composite paper, 'English Haiku: a composite view', attempting to outline some of the approaches and principles of haiku as understood by the BHS. The website also has a useful listing of English-language haiku magazines, and other relevant contacts. The BHS was founded as a charity in 1990 and, at June 2007, is said to have around 300 members.
This archive of scholarly editions of Romantic and Victorian British poetry is a subset of the holdings of the Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia Library. The archive currently holds works by Coleridge, Tennyson, Lewis Carroll and Dante Gabriel Rossetti, as well as those by lesser known writers of the late eighteenth century, such as Mary Robinson, Ann Batten Cristall and Richard Polwhele. The collection also includes the four issues of a literary periodical The Germ, published between January and April 1850, and edited by William Michael Rossetti, the brother of Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The archive contains the full texts of the works, made accessible as linear HTML documents, plus facsimile and other illustrative material in a hypertext structure. Some items listed on the archive page constitute collections in their own right, for example, The Coleridge Archive and The Rossetti Archive, including full bibliographies and critical material.
William Bruce Olson provides an extensive online catalogue of broadside ballads in sixteenth and seventeenth-century England (with some eigtheenth-century examples), including citations of both original prints and modern reprints. The main criterium for inclusion is that the ballads were meant to be sung. Entries are listed alphabetically by first line and provide: titles; tunes to which the ballads were sung; and location. Olson uses a system of serial numbers as identifiers for the physical locations of his entries. On occasion these are difficult to follow and some patience is needed in order to match the serial number with its corresponding full title. The catalogue is presented with minimal HTML markup, making keyword searches straightforward. Links are provided to broadside ballad collections available online from the Manchester Chetham Library and Oxford University Bodleian Library.
The Browning Multimedia Page, created as a class project at the University of Tennessee, is a useful website for those studying Robert Browning, particularly his connection to the visual arts. The site offers electronic texts of various Browning poems, with links to images and works of art that Browning was influenced by. One example, the poem "The Bishop Orders His Tomb at St. Praxed's Church" (1845), provides links to: images of a bishop's tomb; pictures of the different rocks depicted within the poem; and links to pictures of a dome that Browning describes. Electronic texts of works by: Walter Pater; Dante Gabriel Rossetti; Elizabeth Barrett Browning; William Morris; Thomas Hardy; George Eliot; and Alfred Lord Tennyson are also provided.
The Byron Journal is published and posted on the Internet by the Liverpool University Press for The Byron Society. The journal, created in 1973, is a large resource for Byron Scholars. The journal is available online and in print by subscription fee. The website provides: the names of the editorial board; subscription details; tables of contents (from 2004 onwards); and links to Byron-related sites and societies. For academics the website also provides submission information.
'Calabash: a journal of Caribbean Arts and Letters' is a full-text ejournal produced from New York University. It aims to be... "an international literary journal dedicated to publishing works encompassing, but not limited to, the Anglophone, Francophone, Hispanophone and Dutch-speaking Caribbean." At February 2009 there are nine issues online, with contents freely available in PDF form. As well as poetry and creative writing, the journal also publishes non-fiction and book reviews. Example recent non-fiction article titles are: 'Dancing Words: Illness & The Writing Process'; 'The Parthenon in Tobago: Encountering Derek Walcott after the 1970s'; and 'East Indians/South Asians in the Caribbean', among others.
The Cambridge Edition of the Poets Online provides online access to the complete works of several important poets and to some Elizabethan drama. The electronic texts are based on the series originally published by Houghton Mifflin during the latter half of the 19th century and the first decade of the 20th century, which were described by the publishers as 'illustrated household editions'. As well as illustrations, each volume includes a brief biographical sketch of the featured author, and individual poems are frequently introduced with a note observing the place of first publication. The texts are made available in Dj-Vu format, which requires a special plug-in viewer that can be freely downloaded via a link on the site. DjVu allows for full-text searching and the highlighting of terms on the page. Poets whose works are featured on the site include: Robert Browning; Oliver Wendell Holmes; John Keats; Henry Wadsworth Longfellow; James Russell Lowell; John Milton; Alexander Pope; Edmund Spenser; Alfred Tennyson; John Greenleaf Whittier; and William Wordsworth. The Elizabethan dramatists section includes works by a great number of Elizabethan and Jacobean playwrights, including: John Lyly; Robert Greene; Christopher Marlowe; Thomas Kyd; Ben Jonson; Thomas Dekker; John Marston; Thomas Heywood; Francis Beaumont; John Fletcher; John Webster; Thomas Middleton; Philip Massinger; and James Shirley. Students studying poetry or Renaissance literature would find this resource of use.
The Cambridge History of English and American Literature is the online full-text of this work, originally printed between 1907 and 1921. The encyclopedia is a broad survey of English literature from the Middle Ages to the 20th century, and comprises an extensive collection of essays on topics ranging from: poetry; fiction; drama; and essays to: history; theology; and political writing. Renaissance and Restoration drama are particular strengths of this work. The text is searchable by keyword, allowing users to find references to: specific texts; movements; and authors. The encyclopedia will be of use to students as an introduction to English and American literature in general, and also as a starting point for further research on any of the topics covered. Users should bear in mind however the age of this work, and how literary theories have progressed since its original publication.
The Camelot project is an online database of Arthurian texts, images, bibliographies and other information. The project was designed and developed by Alan Lupack, Curator of the Robbins Library at the University of Rochester. The literature forms the most significant content on the site, which aims at something near a comprehensive collection of texts from the earliest references to Arthur in or around the 9th century AD, through the evolution of the legends of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table in the later Medieval period, up to the twentieth century. Given the nature of the subject, the site is particularly rich in texts and pre-Raphaelite images. The database includes works by authors such as: Oscar Adams; Max Adeler; Robert Buchanan; Ralph Waldo Emerson; Geoffrey of Monmouth; William Morris; Charles Swinburne; Jonathan Swift; Lord Alfred Tennyson; and William Butler Yeats, as well as anonymous works, for example the Alliterative Morte Arthure, and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Artists featured on the site include: William Morris; Aubrey Beardsley; and Arthur Rackham. From the homepage, the database can be browsed by: Arthurian characters and motifs; author; or artist, as well as by keyword. The main page also links to related scholarly projects and resources. This site would be of interest to anyone studying Arthurian legend, whether from an artistic, historical or literary point of view.
The University of Western Ontario's Canadian Poetry Press website provides full-text access to back issues of the academic journal Canadian poetry (1977-2006), as well as online scholarly editions of the works of English Canadian poets and early poems relating to Canadian subjects with an emphasis on the long poem. The site also provides a collection of essays and discussion papers covering the following areas: memory, community and environment in Canada; literature and architecture in Canada; and issues facing research and teaching in the Humanities in Canadian universities. In addition to providing useful biographical and publishing information, relating particularly to the English Canadian Confederation poets, the Canadian Poetry Press maintains an annotated list of poetry and literature-focused resources on the web, information about and reports from relevant academic conferences, and prices and ordering information for the paper-based titles the Canadian Poetry Press produces.
This very impressive resource is edited by D.M.R. Bentley, a Professor of English at the University of Western Ontario. It contains the full text (with critical notes) of early Canadian long poems (over 20 editions of poetry published between 1789 and 1900); a database of poetry printed in early Canadian newspapers; access to the full text of the scholarly journal Canadian Poetry: Studies, Documents, Reviews, published twice-yearly, with an archive stretching from volume 1 (1977) to volume 55 (2004); a selection of early writing in Canada and a collection of work by Confederation and Post-Confederation poets. All of Bentley's discussion papers are included and the weblinks page Canadian Poets: an annotated list of resources on the web is invaluable.
'Canadian Poetry Online' is an online guide provided by the University of Toronto Library. The site is divided into contemporary and 19th-century Canadian poets. The contemporary poets section gives a comprehensive list of poets, and for each poet on the list provides: a brief biography; the text of a number of their poems; a note on their writing philosophy; a list of publications; critical bibliography; and other related information. The section on 19th-century poets provides a list of poets, which links to examples of their poems and brief biographies taken from Toronto's 'Representative Poetry Online' (RPO), an electronic poetry archive based on the print publication of the same title, which was first published by the University of Toronto in 1912. In addition the site links to the RPO Web pages. This resource would be of interest to anyone studying poetry, or north American literature.
The Canadian Writers website, maintained by Library and Archives Canada, provides researchers with access to important archival and bibliographical material of significant Canadian writers. It contains a range of material relating to celebrated Canadian writers, including online copies of original manuscripts, typescripts, correspondence, journals and notebooks. At the time of review, the website concentrated upon eight writers: Marie-Claire Blaise; Roger Lemelin; Carol Shields; Michel Tremblay; Jacque Brault; Saint Denys Garneau; Elizabeth Smart; and Jane Urquhart. Bibliographies are provided for each writer, cataloguing the works they have published as well as critical work about them and links to other useful resources. The site also includes an essay about the cultural context of each writer, written by an academic from the University of Ottawa. This, along with the manuscript galleries, makes the site a useful resource for students of Canadian literature. It is in either French or English.
'Canterbury tales & Troilus and Criseyde: a reader-friendly edition' is a website hosting full texts of two of Geoffrey Chaucer's most frequently studied works. The editor, Michael Murphy, retains the original words of the text, modernising spellings and glossing words without an obvious modern meaning. Explanatory and critical comments are also included in the footnotes. On the whole, this approach works well: the texts are easy to follow but maintain something of the feel of the original. Some introductory comments are also provided. Both texts are provided as several PDF files. The edition of the Canterbury Tales was previously published in a print format. Students new to the original texts will find these a useful introduction to Chaucer's works.
The Canterbury Tales website presents hypertext editions of some of Geoffrey Chaucer's most famous works. The site includes Middle English texts of: The Canterbury Tales; Troilus and Criseyde; The Book of the Duchess; and The Parliament of Fowls, all accompanied by a Middle English glossary. The Canterbury Tales can also usefully be viewed side-by-side with a modern English translation. The site also provides a chronology of Chaucer's life, and some useful 'Links for further study', including links to: introductions to the texts; audio links; online bibliographies; and essays. Although the site focuses mainly on the Canterbury Tales, this would also be a good introduction to Chaucer's life and other works for students of Middle English literature.
The website of the Canterbury Tales Project provides information about the project and access to a number of their articles. The aim of the project is to examine the textual history of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales from 84 manuscripts and four pre-1500 printed editions using computer-assisted means. Since it was founded in the early 1990s, the project has produced editions of individual tales, as well as individual manuscript facsimiles. Using new technology, recent research, computer collation and computer-assisted analysis, the project has produced new insights into Chaucer scholarship. The methodology of the project and the way in which the texts are being recorded, collated and analysed is described on the website through access to a large number of articles published by the project. More information about the CD-ROMs produced by the project is also provided on the website as well as a selection of links to other sites related to Chaucer and related topics. This site is of use to scholars of Chaucer, as well as those in other fields such as dialectology, palaeography, and textual analysis.
The online journal 'Cardiff Corvey: Reading the Romantic Text' was the predecessor of the online journal 'Romantic Textualities : Literature and Print Culture, 1780-1840. The journal was based at the Centre for Editorial and Intertextual Research at Cardiff University, published biannually and fully peer reviewed. An archive of articles from all issues (1997 - 2005) are available, covering: textual analysis; research methodology; bibliographical studies; editing; and the application of information technology in the field of English studies, with particular focus on the period 1770-1830. The site also offers links to related websites, although it should be stressed that these are no longer maintained, and anyone studying romantic literature and new media should use this website in conjunction with that of 'Romantic Textualities'.
The Caribbean Review of Books is a scholarly review journal now offering free access to back-issues, via a free registration process. Even without registering, a visitor may still see and browse the tables of contents, and read the front page of each article. The journal is also available in print form and describes itself as "The Home of Caribbean Books and Writing". It is a revival of the original Caribbean Review of Books which was edited by the late Samuel B. Bandara. At June 2009 the back-issue archive runs from May 2004 to May 2008, offering 17 issues in total. The website also offers full details of the Review, subscription details for the paper edition, a free email newsletter, the Antilles weblog, and a small online bookshop via the Amazon affiliate service.
'Mean Time' is a collection of poems by Carol Ann Duffy, which are included in full with notes and analysis on this page of the English OpenAccess website. Aimed primarily at Advanced Level secondary students, this resource may be useful for undergraduates beginning work on contemporary poetry as a gentle introduction. Each poem has referenced words and phrases highlighted, leading to a notes page, with a glossary and commentary. The layout of this is useful as each term may be followed directly to its own notes, seen in the overall context, and then followed back to its precise point in the poem. A separate heading leads to a commentary on the poem, and again, returning to the text is simple. This means that the notes and commentary may be easily accessed as the poem is read. Lacking, unfortunately, is any information on where these poems fit in with Carol Ann Duffy's work overall, or any introduction for the complete newcomer to her work. However, as an easily accessible collection of material, this webpage offers a useful resource.
The Centre for the Study of Byron and Romanticism is based in the School of English at the University of Nottingham, a short distance from Newstead Abbey, Byron's ancestral home. This site offers information about the Centre (established in 1999), its scholarships and publications. The Centre is in the process of developing electronic editions of texts relating to Byron and his circle and provides details of these forthcoming works. The site provides a page of resources relating to Byron and Romanticism in Nottingham, focusing on the Local Studies Library in the City of Nottingham Central Library and the Hallward Library in the University of Nottingham, with links to catalogues of the collections. There is also a page of useful links to other websites on Byron and Romanticism.
Cerise Press is an online, full-text journal, based in the USA and France. The journal aims to build 'cross-cultural bridges' by focusing on artists and writers working in English and translation, with emphasis on French and Francophone works. Translations include those of works by international poets such as: Boris Pasternak; Anna Ahkmatova; Marina Tsvetaeva; Osip Mandelshtam; and Guillaume Apollinaire as well as contemporary writers including: Abdelwahab Meddeb; and Pura Lopez-Colome. At the time of writing the journal is in its third issue, and offers a mixture of: poetry; translations; fiction; essays; photography and art; interviews; and reviews from around the world. Submissions are open for poetry, fiction, translations, photography and art. The journal only accepts solicited submissions for essays. Readers can sign up to an email list to be notified of forthcoming issues and any future calls for submissions. This journal is a lively mix of arts and literature from various cultures, which would be of particular interest to those studying comparative literature, as well as contemporary art.
This website is devoted to the major British poet Charles Tomlinson (born 1927), and is published by Sylvia Paul. It is subtitled as 'Resources for students, readers and scholars on the English poet, essayist and artist'. This large free website has materials such as a short biography of the poet, details of translations, readings and audio recordings, lectures, news on the poet's legacy, a bibliography, and interviews. Charles Tomlinson's 'New Collected Poems' will be published by Oxford Poets in July 2009.
The Chaucer Bibliography Online website is supported by the University of Texas at San Antonio Library and based upon the annual New Chaucer Society bibliography published in 'Studies in the Age of Chaucer'. The site provides a complete and systematic bibliographic online search tool for scholarship on Geoffrey Chaucer, incorporating material published since 1975. The bibliography can be searched by: author; title; subject heading; or keyword. The section 'search tips' provides practical advice on how to navigate the search engines, and a complete list of subject headings is available by clicking on the 'help' button. Each bibliography entry is annotated and provided with detailed information. Authors and subjects are hyperlinked directly to related entries. The search engines are very user-friendly and have an option to download or email the search-results. This resource is likely to be of interest to Chaucer scholars at all levels of study.
The Chaucer Metapage is a website dedicated to the English poet Geoffrey Chaucer (c.1340-1400). The project was initiated at the 33rd International Congress of Medieval Studies and is now based at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The project aims to promote Chaucer studies, particularly through distance learning. The site provides links to electronic versions of Chaucer texts, including: the Canterbury Tales; the Book of the Duchess; Troilus and Criseyde; the Parliament of Fowls; and the House of Fame. There are also links to audio versions of the texts, which may be helpful for students needing help with pronunciation of Middle English. The site also links to some useful contextual material relating to topics such as medieval women, and the history of Canterbury as well as online bibliographies of Chaucer studies. This resource would be of interest to anyone teaching Chaucer, as well as students studying his life and works.
The Chaucer Pedagogy Page is a website for both teachers and students of Geoffrey Chaucer and his works. This site is a good starting point for Chaucerian research and teaching on a basic level, providing information and links to related resources. The site groups resources and links under basic questions such as "who was Chaucer and what did he do?" and "why was Chaucer's time so important?", as well as providing research paper ideas and information on assessing websites for accuracy and content. The author of the site provides links to other Chaucer sites, as well as to electronic texts in both Middle and Modern English. Resources for teachers includes a 'refresher' section that covers Middle English: grammar; syntax; vocabulary; and pronunciation, as well as providing links to online bibliographies, and e-text primary sources. The site also provides: assignment ideas; teaching notes; later-secondary-school assignments; and a section on responsible research techniques and avoiding plagiarism.
A poem by Abraham Cowley, a 17th century English poet. This poem is taken from English Poetry I: From Chaucer to Gray; a volume from the Harvard Classics series published 1909-1914. Other works by Cowley include The Mistress (1647), Poems (1656) and Verses on Several Occasions (1663). Cowley was one of the English metaphysical poets, a group which also included John Donne and George Herbert. The text appears on the website Bartleby.com, which contains searchable online literature and verse. There is advertising on this site.
The website of the Children's Laureate provides information on the award and the current holder of the post. The award is supported by the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council, together with a number of large publishing houses and administered by Booktrust. The site gives details of the award and Laureate events organised by Booktrust, as well as: a brief biography of the current Laureate and previous Laureates; a blog written by current Laureate; and a number of and teaching and learning resources and related links. This resource would be of interest to English teachers and student teachers, as well as parents and children themselves.
This web page contains a chronology of Oscar Wilde but also a link which provides access to the full text of Oscar Wilde’s major works. It is part of the Corpus of Electronic Texts (CELT) website which forms part of the University of College Cork in Ireland. Each text is accompanied by an introduction, background information, graphics, translations where possible, and scholarly bibliographies where applicable. One can read essays, poems, children fiction, fiction and plays by Wilde. Titles included are: ‘The Picture of Dorian Gray’, ‘The Importance of Being Earnest’, ‘Pen, Pencil and Posion’, ‘Lord Arthur Savile's Crime’, ‘The Canterville Ghost’, ‘Poems in Prose’, ‘Ballade de Marguerite’ and many more. This is a useful resource for scholars interested in Oscar Wilde’s work.
This “City and County of Swansea” bilingual website (English and Welsh) serves as a useful beginners' guide to other and more detailed sites about one of Swansea's most famous poets, Dylan Marlais Thomas (1914-1953). Users will find that the information on the homepage is generally limited with only a brief history of the poet and some quotations from his works. However, links provide easy access to search the Dylan Thomas library collection and the detailed resources on Dylan at www.dylanthomas.com. Moreover, links from the homepage provide information on the Dylan Thomas Centre in Swansea, which includes its permanent exhibition, lists of current events and festivals, the Dylan Thomas shop and contact details for researchers and individuals with an interest in Dylan Thomas.
This site contains the text of the poem, The City in the Sea, by Edgar Allen Poe, originally published in 1849. The site contains other works by the author along with a biography and is maintained by an enthusiast.
The Classic Text: Traditions and Interpretations is an online exhibition compiled by the Special Collections departments of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries, based on a physical exhibition that was on view during 1996 and 1997. The exhibition features a range of texts and authors, including the Bible, a number of classical writers, Dante and Chaucer, Shakespeare, and several poets and novelists from the 16th to the early 20th century. Each section gives historical information about the author and works under consideration, plus details of key editions, including those to be found in the Library's Special Collections. Illustrative images are also provided. The exhibition is concerned less with the content of the texts themselves than with the works as 'cultural icons', and with the question of what leads to a book becoming regarded as a classic.
This is an excellent companion website for Morford and Lenardon's best-selling book Classical Mythology, now in its seventh edition, which offers a wide range of resources for teachers of classics and ancient history. Apart from providing a useful outline of each chapter and a summary of the myths discussed within, the website provides free, downloadable PowerPoint images for use in class, as well as a series of glossaries of words, phrases and characters encountered in classical texts, and maps of the Mediterranean world and of the classical constellations. There is also a valuable series of lesson plans and accompanying quizzes based on the chapters of the book which can also be used independently of the text. Each chapter description is accompanied by a commentary on the text and a list of relevant weblinks which provide many valuable reference links. The archive section features extracts from ancient literary accounts, together with a commentary, as well as a selection of modern poems inspired by classical mythology by writers such as Yeats, Poe, Landor, Keats, Browning, Shelley, Longfellow, Frost, Byron, Blake and T.S. Elliot. This website will benefit both school and university students and teachers of classical literature and culture as well as those taking English, comparative literature or art history.
Classical Receptions in Drama and Poetry from c.1970-Present is a research project based within the Department of Classical Studies at the Open University (UK) and directed by Professor Lorna Hardwick; this is its online presence. The project aims to document and analyse the theatrical and literary interest in Greek texts and drama. This aim is accomplished through two broad aspects of the project. First, the project is publishing a series of case studies which examine relationships between the ancient texts and their corresponding modern creative art forms. Second, the project is developing a database of performances staged in the late twentieth century. Evidence is drawn from programmes, acting scripts, interviews and other texts. The Reception of Classical Texts database can be searched online after registration. A Poetry database is under development. The project publishes two peer-reviewed ejournals: New Voices and Practitioners' Voices, which are available from the website, as is the series of critical essays: 'Documenting and Researching Modern Productions of Greek Drama: The Sources'. The project has set up an electronic seminar series to enable informal contact and discussion among researchers working in the area, and these eseminars are archived and available on the project site (going back to 1998). The website also contains: information about the project and its methodology; a list of project publications; a specialist bibliography of material relating to modern productions of ancient Greek drama; and information about their Masks Workshop (2000). The project publishes listings of current and forthcoming productions in UK & Ireland and conferences, seminars and lectures, and the site makes avalable a list of links to related online resources.
The Classroom Electric describes itself as a constellation of sites on Emily Dickinson, Walt Whitman, and nineteenth-century American culture. Each of the sites that the main menu links to is a separate project in its own right. Materials available on these sites include: manuscript images; photographs; notebooks; letters; maps; and secondary commentary and criticism. The constituent sites may be accessed via the main menu or searched by keyword, theme, creator, or poet. There were over 25 sites in the Classroom Electric when checked, and it is anticipated that the project will expand further. Projects currently available include: The Song of Myself Manuscripts; Whitman and Slavery; Emily Dickinson Writing a Poem; Love and Conquest: The Erotics of Colonial Discourse in Emily Dickinson's Poems and Letters; I, Too, Sing America: James M. Whitfield's America and Other Poems; The Civil War, Class & the Dickinsons; Whitman's Memory; and so forth. The quality of the sites is generally very good, although some links could do with more regular updating.
Online poems by Rudyard Kipling, author of The Jungle Book. This site provides a list of poems in alphabetical order and links to the text of each poem. These include Anchor Song, Ballad of the Clampherdown, Cruisers, The Deep-Sea Cables, The Gift of Sea, The Lowestoft Boat, The Rhyme of the Three Captains, The Sea-Wife, The Sea and the Hills, and The Second Voyage. The text is located a website maintained by an enthusiast, which contains online English and Russian poetry.
The online resource 'Columbia Granger's World of Poetry' offers a bibliography and an impressive collection of poems written in English, Spanish, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Polish, Yiddish, Welsh, Gaelic, as well as in Anglo-Saxon, Provencal and Latin. The website includes: citations for 450,000 poems; the full-text of 250,000 poems and excerpts from many more; biographies and commentaries on hundreds of poets and poems; and a searchable glossary of terms. There are also full-text versions of select books of and about poetry published by Columbia University Press. The collection can be browsed using the author index, or by the list of categories. Words within poems are hyperlinked to the glossary, and definitions may be viewed on screen alongside the full-text of poems. The collection may be searched in its entirety or restricted to particular works. The online version is available via an annual subscription and is updated quarterly. A free trial account may be set up at the website, allowing users to sample what the online database has to offer.
'A Companion to Middle English Literature' was designed as a resource for students taking the MA program at the Chair of Medieval English Literature and Historical Linguistics of the Heinrich-Heine-University at Düsseldorf. The site provides an elementary but extremely rich and well-illustrated introduction to Middle English literature, as well as a practical (albeit limited) tool for further active research. The site focuses on the main canon of Middle English literature, represented by twelve Middle English authors, including: Geoffrey Chaucer; William Langland; John Gower; John Lygate; and Margery Kempe, and a further twenty anonymous texts including: 'Pearl'; 'Morte Arthur'; 'Ormulum'; and 'The Owl and the Nightingale'. For each of these authors or texts, introductory information is provided, usually in the form of: specimen texts (with simultaneous modern English translations); concise essays on the author's life and works or on the text's contents and structure; illustrative picture- and/or sound-material; relevant Internet links; and short selective bibliographies. In addition to this, the Companion provides further excellent information and documentation on medieval literary genres (for example: allegory; courtly love; and Arthurian material) and on the historic background (for example: time-lines; detailed dynasties; and maps). As a whole, the website is very accessible, with: an attractive layout; a particularly clear 'help' section; and user-friendly navigation symbols. It is also abundantly hyper-linked, both within its different sections and externally.
The Complete Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Poetry is a Web page that contains plain-text electronic editions of a considerable number (but not all, despite its title) of Old English poems, produced by O.D. Macrae-Gibson on the basis of Greg Hidley's original work. Initially Hindley produced texts that were collations of the electronic texts of the 'Old English corpus' held by the 'Dictionary of Old English' with the printed texts of the 'Anglo-Saxon Poetic Records'. Macrae-Gibson has revised Hindley's work on the basis of more recent updates from the 'Dictionary of Old English', as well as further collations with printed material, facsimiles and manuscript readings. The resulting website aims to make available highly reliable editions of the extant Old English texts. The site offers only texts, with no: editorial comments on the collations; notes and background information; or Modern English translation. The site would benefit from a better organised main menu and from a more user-friendly navigation, but would be of use as a abasic tool for undergraduates and graduates studying these texts in their original language.
The Complete Poems and Letters of E.J. Pratt is a site prepared by researchers at Trent University. E. J. Pratt (1882-1964) was a Canadian Methodist minister who became a professor in English Literature at Victoria University, one of the theological colleges at University of Toronto. Pratt was also a poet, who did his Master's thesis in demonology, and his Doctoral thesis in eschatology, the Biblical study of end of the world. The site consists of two hypertext scholarly editions of Pratt's work, The Complete Poems of E.J. Pratt and The Complete Letters of E.J. Pratt. These sources are accompanied by footnoted scholarly commentary; recordings of Pratt reading his poems; and an excellent biographical dictionary of all figures mentioned. There is a timeline of Pratt's life and publishing career, including scanned images of many relevant archival documents. Text editions are incomplete, as the site is currently under construction, with cooperation from the E.J. Pratt Library at the University of Toronto. The use of frames is an annoying encumbrance in the navigation of this site. Moreover, links to these sources are difficult to find as they are interspersed through a long description of the methodology of site construction. This makes access to the site's valuable content difficult and irritating.
Bartleby.com have published an electronic edition of Emily Dickinson, The Complete Poems (Boston: Little, Brown, 1924), including the introduction by her niece Martha Dickinson Bianchi. The 597 poems are presented in HTML. They are five parts, under the headings Life; Nature; Love; Time and Eternity; and The Single Hound and may be accessed through each of these chapters or via the index of first lines. This electronic edition was published in June 2000.
William Cowper (1731-1800) was a prominent eighteenth-century poet and hymn writer, best known for the 'Olney Hymns' and his long poem, 'The Task'. This online version of the 1855 edition of the 'Complete poetical works of William Cowper' and the 1779 edition of Cowper's 'Translations from the French of Madame de la Mothe Guion' (alternatively, Madame Guyon) are part of the Christian Classics Ethereal Library website belonging to Calvin College, USA. The texts may be accessed via links to headings found on the left hand side of the title page. Images from the original may also be viewed, but are so small it is not possible to read the legends attached to them. However, the texts are easily readable, making this a useful resource for early research on Cowper.
This electronic edition of the complete works of Christopher Marlowe provides hypertext links to textual variations and the 'Perseus look-up tool', which searches for other appearances of key phrases in the electronic texts, images, and atlases associated with the Perseus project, of which this is a part. Doctor Faustus is particularly well developed, with both the A text and the B text viewable with original and modernised spelling. P. F. Gent's Elizabethan translation of 'The Historie of the damnable life, and the deserved death of Doctor Iohn Faustus' is also reproduced on the site. Each poem and play included in the site is easily navigable and clearly presented.
Edited by Jerome J. McGann, this website, the Rossetti Archive, is a developing, searchable database of the work of Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The website is published in association with NINES (Networked Infrastructure for Nineteenth-century Electronic Scholarship). The subjects covered within the database are paintings, drawings and design, poems, prose and translations. The archive includes a biography of Dante as well as detailed notes and commentaries on each painting. These commentaries discuss the paintings in many different contexts, including iconographical, literary, mythological, pictorial, historical, autobiographical and bibliographical.
'Concentric: Literary and Cultural Studies' is a full-text ejournal, published online by the Department of English at National Taiwan Normal University. Issues are themed, and at January 2009 there are five issues available. Articles are in PDF format. Example article titles available include: 'The Representation of Incest in Early British Gothic Narratives'; 'Rivers and Water Quality in the Work of Brian Clarke and Ted Hughes'; and 'The Late Qing’s Other Utopias: China’s Science-Fictional Imagination, 1900-1910'. The website uses Flash extensively, and visitors will need to disable any Flash-blocking software they have installed. The website has details of the editor, Editorial Board, and the submission process.
The Contemporary American Poetry Archive (CAPA) is an electronic archive which aims to make freely available on the Internet out of print volumes of 20th Century American poetry. The material is arranged alphabetically by author and copyright information on reprinting the works is provided. The site provides limited biographical information about the poets. At present about seventy volumes are archived. Books from commercial, university, and small presses are eligible for archiving; self-published and vanity press books are not considered. The archive is supported by Connecticut College, Department of English and Connecticut College Libraries.
'Contemporary Poetry Review' is an online journal reviewing poems and books about poets and poetry. The journal is concerned with works of British and American poetry published in the 20th and 21st century. The site features short reviews of recent publications, such as 'Bilnd Rain' (2008) by Bruce Bond or 'World Comix' (2009) by Charlie Smith. The user will also find here reviews of older volumes of poetry by poets such as Philip Larkin, William Carlos Williams, Thom Gunn and Frank O'Hara. There are several interviews with poets, such as Anne Sexton, and translators, as well as a wide range of links to poetry websites. Recent additions to the site include the Daily Feature, Letters to the Editor and Recommended Site of the Month. The content of the current issue is available online free of charge but the archival material can be accessed only by subscribers. The site also features recommendations of noteworthy recent volumes of poetry, criticism and biography. In addition, there is a separate section which features the Review's list of the best volumes of poetry and works of criticism published since 1946. Considering its focus and complexity, this site will be of interest to all poetry readers, including critics, academics, students and the general public.
The Converse website offers free multimedia: resources; games; and essays for teaching and learning English literature. The site is aimed at both students between the ages of 11-19 years, and their teachers. The project is hosted by the University of Cambridge, and is the work of members of the English Faculty and Centre for Applied Research in Educational Technologies (CARET) at Cambridge, with contributions from school teachers and students. The resources are divided into: primary; key stage 3-4; and A-level, as well as: 'fun stuff'; teachers' resources; Chaucer resources; and an item called 'Personal Demons'. A range of topics and periods are covered, including: Chaucer/Middle English; Shakespeare; First World War poetry and propaganda; English language; and poetry. The resources are interactive, some requiring Flash and Adobe Reader, although text-only versions of many of the pages are available. The forums have now been disabled, and the live seminars are no longer running, but an archive of past seminars is available.
The Cortland Review is a free, quarterly online poetry magazine featuring not only poetry but also: short fiction; essays; interviews; and reviews. The Review features new poetry and fiction by both emerging and established writers. Many of the poems, stories and interviews are published in html and can also be heard (using Real Audio or a Flash plugin). Some of the distinguished writers who have contributed to the Review and provided readings of their own works or the works of others include: Robert Pinsky; Charles Simic; Robert Creeley; and John Kinsella. The site features a wide range of articles and discussions of literature, which can be searched by author as well as browsed by volume. This is one of the best online resources for reading and hearing new poetry and would be of interest to budding poets and those studying contemporary poetry.
The Cowper and Newton Museum website is the home page of the museum at Olney, Buckinghamshire, which from 1768 to 1786 was the home of poet, hymn-writer, classical scholar and man of letters William Cowper (1731-1800) and became a museum in 1900. Whilst at Olney, Cowper became acquainted with John Newton who had converted to evangelical Christianity in 1748 and accepted the curacy of Olney. Newton is best known for his hymn 'Amazing Grace' which was written in collaboration with Cowper at Olney. The site provides: detailed biographies of the two men; information about the museum; details of the restoration of the flower gardens; and pictures of some of the highlights of the museum's artefacts. Whilst the website is primarily targeted at literary tourists, it does give a useful impression of what life would have been like at Olney during the eighteenth century, and includes a helpful list of related links.
The Coyote's Song website is a full-text digital book by Richard D. Erlich, dedicated to the writings of Ursula K. Le Guin, a contemporary American science fiction writer, the author of 'The Left Hand of Darkness' (1969), 'The Dispossessed' (1974), 'The Telling' (2000), and many other works of fiction and poetry. The ebook contains twenty one chapters, including Le Guin's biography, a discussion of her early short stories, her major works of fiction and poetry, and a very comprehensive primary and secondary bibliography of works published before the year 2000. The titular 'teaching' aspect of Le Guin's stories refers to various philosophical approaches which, Erlich demonstrates, the writer promotes in her writings. Altogether, the Coyote's Song website is an interesting and reliable resource, and, due to its accessible language, it will be of interest to all enthusiasts of Le Guin's work. In addition, students and researchers will welcome the fact that, although copyrighted, the entire contents can be downloaded free of charge, as 'fair-use quotations with citations are permitted and encouraged'.
The full text of the poem Crossing the Bar, by Alfred, Lord Tennyson, taken from English Poetry III: from Tennyson to Whitman, part of the Harvard classics series. This appears on the website Bartleby.com, which contains online fiction, non-fiction and verse. There is advertising on this site.
'Cultural perceptions of the South Downs and High Weald' is an appendix to the local authority research and planning document 'Landscape Character Assessment for Mid Sussex 2005' (Mid Sussex District Council). This 2,600-word appendix provides a scholarly and well-researched overview of the cultural perceptions of the places and landscape of this particular part of England, and it discusses as especially significant Cobbett's 'Rural Rides', the literature of Rudyard Kipling, and the work of the artist Eric Ravilious. There is a short bibliography.
'CW3 Journal' is a peer-refereed full-text ejournal publishing... "research into Romantic-era writing by women". The journal aims to produce two issues per year, and is produced from Sheffield Hallam University in the UK. At June 2009 there are three issues online, with articles freely available in HTML form. The journal also publishes reviews. Example titles include: 'Mothering the Novel: Frances Burney and the Next Generation of Women Novelists'; 'Corinne in Distress: Translation as Cultural Misappropriation '; and 'Early British Children's Books: Towards an Understanding of their Users and Usage', among others. The journal website has details of the Editor, Editorial Board, and the submissions process.
This very basic website about the work of D.H. Lawrence (1885-1930) is created by Diane Marie Ward at the State University of New York at Buffalo. The site contains a bibliography of Lawrence's work which includes some e-texts. This is divided into the following sections: novels; short stories; plays; critical studies/essays; travel writing; letters; poems; translations; and paintings.. A critical bibliography is also included as is a very brief biography. The useful Links page is also divided into sections covering: exhibitions; manuscripts collections; research; societies; texts; and web sites. Altogether a good starting point for Lawrence researchers.
The D. H. Lawrence Resource at the University of Nottingham is one of the major international research resources for the study of D. H. Lawrence. Part of the Manuscripts and Special Collections website, it serves as an excellent introduction to the life and works of Lawrence (1885-1930), author of such classic novels as 'Women in Love' and 'Lady Chatterley's Lover', as well as short stories and poetry. The site falls into two main categories. The first is comprised of a chronological table of his life and major works, a detailed biography by John Worthen, the Professor of D. H. Lawrence Studies at the University, and bibliographies and details of Lawrence's friends and associates. The second category is a survey of the printed and manuscript collections available at the University with access to an online catalogue of the collections. It also includes a guide to collections elsewhere, and links to well-presented, up-to-date sites relevant to Lawrence studies.
This is the official website for the Cornish novelist, poet, biographer and translator D.M. Thomas (1935- ). A full bibliography, a list of forthcoming events, works in progress and a selection of reviews of his books is provided. In the sections 'Point of Departure' and 'A Writer's Life', Thomas provides some biographical information and discusses his work. Students with a Windows Media Player can hear the author read an extract from his most famous novel 'The White Hotel' (1981). D.M Thomas' first volume of poetry appeared in 1964 but it was not until 1979 that his first novel 'The Flute Player' was published. His other novels include 'Ararat' (1983), 'Lying Together' (1990) and 'Charlotte' (2000). He has translated, from the Russian, work by Anna Akhmatova (1889-1966), Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837) and Yevgeny Yevtushenko (1933- ). His biography of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008) was published in 1998. D.M Thomas also maintains a blog (see 'Relations' at the bottom of this page).
Dalhousie Electronic Text Centre (ETC) is the website of the unit which develops various web projects for faculties and departments within Dalhousie University and which makes them accessible to the wider academic community online. Projects include: the 'Lyrical Ballads Bicentenary Project', which consists of online versions of the Bristol issue of Wordsworth and Coleridge's collection of poems; and the 'Kuzmin Collection', which provides online access to the works of the twentieth-century Russian poet Mikhail Kuzmin, in both the original Russian and English translation; along with critical materials. Other resources hosted by the ETC include: online texts by the Canadian writers J. Andrew Wainwright and George Elliott Clarke; and an essay on copyright issues in multimedia productions. The website contains an introduction to creating electronic texts using Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), with links to related materials. There is also a page on viewing Russian fonts. The site has not been updated since 2003, but offers a useful starting point for research into electronic texts and multimedia production.
'Darkness Visible' is a website dedicated to discussion of John Milton's epic poem 'Paradise Lost'. The site is the work of students at Christ's College, University of Cambridge, and seeks to make Milton's work more accessible to scholars and readers new to the poet and his themes. The resources on the site are varied, and include: a biography of Milton; a plot summary of 'Paradise Lost'; character descriptions; a gallery of various artists' illustrations for the poem; and essays on various topics, with suggested further reading. The images and interactive learning resources are of a high quality, and contextualise the poem, and the poet himself, in an engaging and useful way.
This is the personal website of David Ewick, who is Professor of Comparative Culture at Chuo University, Tokyo. The website contains two substantial book-length works, which are available online for free. The first is "Archive of Japan in English-language Verse", an anthology edited by David Ewick and Irene De Angelis. The anthology represents "work published from 1744 to 2006 by 186 poets", containing poems that express the English-speaking world's "idea" or "vision" of Japan. The anthology is full-text until 1949, but due to copyright restrictions only about 30 poems published after 1949 are given as full-text. There are also biographical and other notes about the poets. The second substantial work by David Ewick is "Japonisme, Orientalism, Modernism: a bibliography of Japan in English-language verse in the early 20th century". It is said to contain "1,161 HTML pages, bibliographical notes for more than 4,000 works, something like 1,100 discrete images, and 45,578 hyperlinked cross-references." Both of these works can be accessed by clicking the thumbnail-sized cover images which are to be found on the right-hand menu of the front page. David Ewick's website also contains, via the left-hand navigation menu, information such as: details of his courses; the work of his students; and abstracts of his published articles.
The David Jones Society website gives details of the organisation whose aim is to promote the work of this poet and artist. Jones fought on the Western Front in the First World War, and is possibly best known for his long poem 'In Parenthesis', based on his war experiences. Jones was also a talented artist, working in paint, metal and wood among other media. The site gives a brief overview of Jones's career and of the society's activities, as well as tables of contents of the Society's latest journal issue and membership information. Although the website is still under construction, with some pages being incomplete, the society would be of interest to those studying Jones and his work.
DIAGRAM is an online, electronic journal of poetry, prose, reviews, diagrams and art, with a particular interest in the way things are named, catalogued and explained. Each issue (all available as back issues on this website) contains a series of found diagrams, explained, alongside creative and critical work. Issues are not themed, and the website includes information on the submissions criteria and process. DIAGRAM also hosts an annual chapbook contest, again details are provided here. There are are brief details about the editorial team as well as links to other relevant websites. There is an online shop for DIAGRAM publications (published by the New Michigan Press) and other items.
This is the homepage of the American poet, “Diane di Prima”, described by Allen Ginsberg as a “revolutionary activist of the 1960s Beat literary renaissance”. Born in New York in 1934, Di Prima has lived for more than thirty years in California, where she continues to write and teach. This website has fairly limited resources, but offers a bibliography giving brief details of Di Prima’s published works with the option to request further information on her many publications in periodicals. There is also related information on Di Prima’s work in the theatre and in teaching, as well the videos and films in which she has appeared. Other sections give brief extracts of reviews of her work, and listings of current readings and workshops with which she is involved. A page of links gives useful references to a number of other sources of information on Di Prima and her works.
The Dickinson Electronic Archives, published by the Dickinson Editing Collective, is creating new electronic editions of the works of the Dickinson family. Access to the archive is restricted, though the editors may be approached regarding permission. However, an extensive range of resources for the study of Emily, Susan and Edward Dickinson is freely available. These are arranged under the headings Writing; Teaching; Responses; and Resources. Writing includes poems, reviews, stories and correspondence of Susan Dickinson and Edward (Ned) Dickinson's Notebook of transcriptions. Teaching includes The Classroom Electric which seeks to make best use of primary literary resources in undergraduate teaching (with a focus on Dickinson and Whitman). Responses contains Titanic Operas, a collection of responses (in verse with descriptive prose) by notable contemporary poets to Emily Dickinson, while Resources includes bibliographies, detailed information about the project and related material. Site editors are Martha Nell Smith, Ellen Louise Hart, Lara Vetter and Marta Werner. The project commenced in 1996 and is regularly undated.
The Discovering Thomas Gray website was created as part of an undergraduate student project. It consists of a lightly annotated online version of Gray's most popular poem, the 'Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard', a brief biographical account, an unintentionally comical summary of eighteenth-century history, a bibliography, and a list of links. The text of the 'Elegy' links to a glossary and to interpretive comments by critics and reviewers. The hyperlinks appear to be in non-standard html, and did not function correctly in all browsers when tested. The students' own work is poorly written, although it appears to be factually accurate. The links have not been maintained. Although this site has obvious weaknesses, the annotated text of the Elegy should make it worth visiting for school and undergraduate students studying Gray.
This site is a guide to the Donne Variorum Project, which since 1981 has been in the process of producing a new critical text and variorum commentary of the complete poetry of Catholic turned Protestant poet and priest John Donne (1572-1631), who is famous for his metaphysical love poetry and his sermons. Much of the site is devoted to weighty explanations and analyses of purpose of this project and the history of the editing of Donne; and a comprehensive list of the editors and consultants involved in the project. Perhaps most usefully, the site contains other resources which can be downloaded and used by other scholars, under certain conditions. These include: several textual collation programmes and file frame generation programmes; many first line indexes of seventeenth-century sources of Donne's poetry; and a number of transcriptions of copies of Donne's poems, made by editors in preparation for the Variorum editions. In due course every transcription made for these editions will be posted in this way.The site claims to be of interest to students and members of the public as well as postgraduate researchers, though this does not seem to this reviewer to be probable, since most of the information provided is of a very specialist nature. However, for professional researchers and especially fellow editors, the site is a useful guide to an ambitious and important project.
Dorothy Parker's New York (Dot City) is a website dedicated to the writer Dorothy Parker (1893-1967) and her life in New York. The site includes information about her homes and other locations associated with her life; a small selection of poems originally published in magazines and digitised from microfilm; audio recordings of Dorothy Parker reading more than 30 poems (delivered via RealAudio); and information about the Dorothy Parker Society of New York.
'E-rea: revue electronique d'etudes sur le monde Anglophone' is a full-text ejournal with contents in both English and French. My automatic translation of the subtitle gives: 'Electronic review in studies of the English-speaking world', but there is a heavy emphasis on English literature. At March 2009 there there 11 issues online, with full-text articles offered in both HTML and PDF formats. The number of articles in English is substantial and they predominate over those in French. There are also book reviews. Issues are themed, for instance the latest issue has the theme of 'Contemporary British Women Poets'. Example article titles from the journal are: 'An approach to Renaissance margins: some representations of the labyrinth on the Elizabethan stage'; 'Marching towards Destruction: the Crowd in Urban Gothic'; 'Mass Violence and the Crowd: The Perception of Proletarian Community in Working-Class Writers of the 1930s'; and 'The Labour Party and British Republicanism', among many others. The website also has details of the editors and editorial board.
Early Stuart Libels is a Web edition of 17th-century political poetry from manuscript sources, edited by Alistair Bellany and Andrew McRae, for 'Early Modern Literary Studies'. The edition draws together a large collection of material that has not previously been available in the public domain. Most of the poems are forms of attack, whether witty, angry or humorous, but some are written in response to libels and aim to support the orthodox position. The collection is easy to navigate, and the poems offer a valuable insight into literary and political culture from the beginning of the reign of James I to the outbreak of the Civil War. Details are given of editorial principles and technical considerations. The edition is available from the project website as a full PDF or zipped hypertext version, and a zipped version can also be downloaded from the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) website.
Earth Moon : A Ted Hughes Website is a site devoted to the former English poet laureate, Ted Hughes (1930-1998). The site includes news and events such as recent conferences and critical works on Hughes. There is a biography, a bibliography of Hughes' essays, poetry, children's books and recordings, a detailed critical bibliography, and information on memoirs and recollections of Hughes. There is also a list of interviews with Hughes, a discussion list, information on manuscripts, and a comprehensive set of links to related sites. Some information on the site is available in both English and German. This is an excellent resource for students, scholars and enthusiasts of Hughes' work.
The online resource 'Ecopoetry Study Packs' is part of the Poetry Society website. As the title suggests, the Ecopoetry page aims to provide resources for teaching issues related to ecology and environment. The author of the Study Packs is Mario Petrucci, '[an] award winning poet, ecologist and educator', the Web page informs. The resource consists of three PDF packs: Poetry : The Environment; Biomimicry : Poetry; The Green Poetry Pack. They are available online, downloadable free of charge. The material included in each pack is flexible in its design to suit different levels of education and curriculum requirements: from year 9 to a university course. This teaching resource encourages and supports the use of strategies for creative thinking and independent imaginative writing. It provides complete lesson plans, including relevant texts of poetry and notes that help to approach the more challenging poems. This resource is commendable to teachers of poetry and creative writing.
The Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore website provides information on the Society, as well as: bibliographical; biographical; and critical material relating to Edgar Allan Poe and his works. This extensive site also makes freely available the full text of: Poe's written works; his own letters; and a large number of critical essays relating to Poe, by influential scholars and academics. The site is frequently updated on multiple levels. The sections 'Poe Topics' and 'Poe Works' are particularly useful, whilst the text posted of 'The Journal of Julius Rodman' is one of many electronic firsts at this site. This is an essential bookmark for students studying Poe, and a source of interest for his readership more generally.
Edinburgh Review describes itself as "Scotland's leading journal of ideas", and it is the modern incarnation of the historic journal begun in 1802. It is published three times per year by the Centre for the History of Ideas in Scotland, based at the University of Edinburgh. Edinburgh Review publishes new poetry and fiction alongside critical writing, reviews, and political texts. The website contains tables-of-contents for recent issues, and also a full-text PDF facsimile of the first edition of 1802. Edinburgh Review also publishes books "about the main figures in Scottish cultural history". The website has details of subscriptions and submissions.
The Edmund Blunden website, set up by Blunden's family, aims to promote a better understanding of his poetry and prose amongst a modern audience. The site provides a short introduction to Blunden and his work, and gives access to a variety of items relating to his life including: news items concerning Blunden and World War I-related topics; short articles on Blunden's life by his family and others; selected poems; bibliographies; a biography; and selected images of Blunden himself. There is also a short section of links to related websites and a frequently asked questions page. The website's family connection with Blunden helps to make the man and his works more accessible to today's students and researchers, particularly the latter part of his life, which is generally given less prominence than his war experiences. The site is easy to navigate and well laid out, and gives some interesting personal insights into the character of one of Britain's most famous war poets.
The Edmund Blunden at War website aims to tell "the military story of Edmund Blunden during the First World War". The site, part of the World War One Poets on the Battlefield pages, gives a short history of the poet's military career, and also provides: recent photographs of relevant battle sites; short descriptions of the battles Blunden fought in; and pictures of related memorials. This site concentrates more on military history rather than Blunden's poems, but would be of interest to anyone studying the poet's life as background to his literary works.
The Edmund Spenser Home Page is an attractively designed resource for students and scholars working on the Renaissance poet Edmund Spenser (1522-1599). The site provides a biography of Spenser, online editions of his writing, a bibliography and a discussion list for those interested in Spenser and Philip Sidney. The bibliography is structured so that it is possible to identify specific material, for example on Edmund Spenser and Ireland, very quickly and easily. It is also possible to search the site by keyword.The site also provides a link to the Spenser Society, the major international scholarly organisation in this field which publishes the Spenser Newsletter. There is an additional link to the journal, Spenser Studies, where abstracts of recent articles are available online.The site also includes a number of images of Spenser and his contemporaries.
The Edmund Spenser World Bibliography is an online searchable database of bibliographic information on the Elizabethan poet. This resource was compiled from editions of 'The Spenser Newsletter' and its successor 'The Spenser Review', under the direction of Donald Stump of the English Department of Saint Louis University and claims to be the largest online source of information on Spenser. The bibliography can be searched by: author; work; keyword; or title of Spenser's works, and these searches can be confined to a particular topic (e.g. 'Literary works on Spenser', or the 'Faerie Queene') or applied to the entire bibliography. The site also provides: an introduction and background to the resource; information on how users can add or amend information in the bibliography; and a short section of related links. This resource would be invaluable to students and researchers studying Spenser and his contemporaries.
'Edward de Vere, Earl of Oxford' is part of the Luminarium Sixteenth Century Renaissance English Literature website, which provides biographical information and online texts by the major writers of the period. A courtier and poet during the reign of Elizabeth I, Edward de Vere (1550-1603) was ranked by his contemporaries William Webbe and George Putenham as first among the court's lyric poets. He first published in 1576 with the 'The Paradise of Dainty Devices', but it is likely that much of his poetry (and all of his plays and masques) has not survived. The website provides: a biographical essay by Gary Goldstein, editor of the 'Elizabethan Review'; a selection of de Vere's poetry, such as 'Who Taught Thee First To Sigh'; and links to additional resources including further biographies and essays on the Shakespeare authorship debate. Students would find this a useful introduction to de Vere, but would need to look further afield for in-depth studies of this writer.
"Victorian Trickster: A Jungian Consideration of Edward Lear's Nonsense Verse" is an online essay by Clifton Snider, of California State University, Long Beach. The essay considers the connection between nonsense verse, Jung's theories, and Victorian society. Lewis Carroll's "Alice in Wonderland" has been the focus of many Jungian analyses; this essay connects Lear's work to the better known "Alice in Wonderland" stories by proposing that Lear's Nonsense Verse and Carroll's fantasy lands were of the same genre. Clifton's analysis further suggests that Lear's nonsense verse compensated for the analytical, scientific Victorian world, which conducted itself within the confines of law, religion, and social etiquette. The essay also provides: biographical information on Lear; images of his illustrations; and excerpts from his texts. This essay would be of interest to those studying both psychology and literature.
Although professedly aimed at the general public, the Edward Lear home page is a very useful research aid that brings together a wealth of information and a large amount of material, some of it hard to find in print, illustrating the many facets of Edward Lear's artistic persona. Its collection of digitised essays on Edward Lear and Victorian Nonsense literature will be of particular interest to scholars, as will the complete text and illustrations of what are currently believed to be the first two books of English Nonsense poetry to be printed in England in the 1820s. The site also provides: biographical information about Edward Lear (1812-1888); a selection of portraits and self-portraits; a bibliography of his works which includes a special section on his music; and a bibliography of studies on Lear and on Nonsense literature. Texts on the site include: 'A Book of Nonsense' (the 1861 edition); 'Nonsense Songs, Stories, Botany and Alphabets'; 'More Nonsense Pictures, Rhymes Botany &c.'; 'Laughable Lyrics. A Fourth Book of Nonsense Poems, Songs, Botany, Music, &c.'; and 'Queery Leary Nonsense' (the posthumous 1911 collection edited by Lady Strachey), as well as a selection of his lesser-known songs, stories and picture stories. In addition, the site also shows samples of his output as a painter (touching on both his zoological illustrations and his topographical drawings) and a collection of links to Lear-, limerick-, and Nonsense-related websites.
This Website provides information about the British poet and essayist Edward Thomas (1878-1917). The site provides a brief biography on Thomas's life and career as an acclaimed writer before he died in action at the Battle of Arras during the First World War. There are extracts posted here of Thomas's prose and poetry. Along with a good links list, there is a bibliography of Thomas's books which are currently in print and of publications about Thomas's work and his era. The site is run by the Edward Thomas Fellowship, which was instituted to increase knowledge and appreciation of the poet. There are details posted on how to join and support the Fellowship. The site makes available CDs regarding the poet and his writing as well as other sale items such as notecards. The Fellowship also arranges walks and related annual events in Thomas's remembrance.
Elaine Feinstein's website promotes her writing and provides information about her back-catalogue. Feinstein was born in Bootle, grew up in Leicester, and was educated at Cambridge. She has published over thirty books, including fiction and biography and has also written for radio and television. Best known as a poet, she was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 1980. A very brief biography and a more extensive bibliography are given, but the site provides only a few texts of Feinstein's poems (but it does provides links to places where one can buy Feinstein's works). The highlight is probably the audio recordings of Feinstein reading a number of her poems, including 'Insomnia'. There is also a transcript of an interview with Feinstein by Poetry Review.
The Electronic Poetry Centre (EPC) from the State of New York University (SUNY) Buffalo aims to provide easy access to the formally innovative and experimental writing and poetics produced in the University at Buffalo and elsewhere on the Internet. An extremely rich resource, EPC contains texts, audio files, author-centred archives, poetics resources, links to other similar sites, news of readings and festivals, and information about publishers and publications. With poets such as Charles Bernstein and Robert Creeley teaching at Buffalo, the site has strong connections to the Black Mountain poets (writers associated with Charles Olson) and LANGUAGE poetry. But there are also close attachments to the small-press avant-garde scenes outside America. The on line poetry directory available on the site makes this an invaluable resource for students of modern American poetry and those interested in contemporary poetic practice.
The Electronic Text Centre at the University of New Brunswick (UNB) is an online collection of information on the electronic publishing enterprise which serves UNB and the wider academic community. The website outlines the Centre's objectives and services, as well as containing information on standards in electronic publishing, and a number of online resources for the humanities. The site includes: pages on the Centre's image metadata scheme (based on Dublin Core); document imaging standards; and Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) guidelines. Links are provided to other sites concerned with such encoding standards. The online collections hosted at the site include several items likely to be of interest to literature and history scholars. These include: ACTS (Atlantic Canada Theatre Site), for information on Canadian theatre, particularly nineteenth-century Atlantic theatre; the Canadian poetry database; selected letters from the Rufus Hathaway collection of Canadian Literature; the development of education in New Brunswick, 1784-1900; the diaries of the eighteenth-century Loyalist adventurer, Benjamin Marston; the New Brunswick commission reports 1784-1950; records of land settlement in New Brunswick in the period 1765-1900; digitised records and transcriptions of eighteenth-century Canadian documents; the Ward Chipman Slavery Brief of 1800; and a collection of full-text works of poetry and prose by early Canadian women writers. The site also hosts a number of journals and includes links to projects and journals at other sites.
'Electronic Texts' is a website containing links to electronic versions of texts by roughly thirty 17th-century and 18th-century English language authors. These include Francis Bacon, Daniel Defoe, John Donne, John Dryden, Charlotte Smith, Jonathan Swift, and many others. Specimens are included from across the spectrum of literary genres, and include a number of critical tracts. There is some variety between the reproductions with several being abridgments, whilst some are annotated. James Boswell and Samuel Johnson are particularly well represented. The texts have been selected and scanned by Jack Lynch, of Rutgers University, for the benefit of his students. They may prove useful as classwork material or for reference by undergraduates, particularly as several of the texts are not readily available in print, whilst a few are not even shelved in many college libraries.
The Eli Siegel's poetry Web pages provide a rich compilation of: poems; essays; and lectures about the art of poetry, in particular in relation to Siegel and his work. The pages include essays and lectures by Siegel (founder of the philosophy of Aesthetic Realism) and others on poetry, and its relation to life. Also included here are critics' comments on the value of Siegel's work, and writing about poetry by Ellen Reiss - poet, critic, and the Class Chair of Aesthetic Realism. Published by the not-for-profit Aesthetic Realism Foundation, the site is part of the Aesthetic Realism Online Library. Critical theorists and students of English literature would find this site of interest.
Published to accompany an exhibition at the Smithsonian American Art Museum, part of the Smithsonian Institution, this website displays drawings by Elihu Vedder. The Art Nouveau illustrations were published in 1884 to illustrate an edition of the Rubáiyát (a collection of four-line verses, often known as quatrains in English), which was written in about 1120, by the Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher and poet, Omar Khayyám (1048-1123). Vedder produced the first illustrated edition of Edward FitzGerald's Rubáiyát, which was interpretation by FitzGerald (rather than a literal translation), and which was first published, unillustrated, in London by B. Quatrich in 1859. The website provides an introduction and essay by Richard Murray on the subject; an index of enlargeable images; and information about Vedder. The Rubáiyát section of the website provides the full text of the 101 quatrains, with each illustrated page beside the text, as well as Vedder's notes about some of the illustrations.
This website is an online companion to an exhibit about American poet Elizabeth Bishop (1911-1979), hosted by Archives and Special Collections, part of the Vassar College Libraries. The exhibition took place from September to December 2004. The website features highlights from the physical exhibition such as images of books, letters and manuscripts. There are two essays, one written by Barbara Page on the growing legacy of Elizabeth Bishop and one written by Ronald D. Patkus on the history of the Elizabeth Bishop papers at Vassar College. There is a link to the Elizabeth Bishop Papers website which contains register contents and a biographical sketch.
This website is dedicated to the American poet Elizabeth Bishop (1911-1979), winner of the Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1955 (the volume 'North and South'). She also worked as a translator, publishing an English version of the famous Brazilian diary, 'The Diary of Helena Morley', and editing an 'Anthology of Contemporary Brazilian Poetry'. The website provides a biography, a bibliography, and a guide to library collections of Elizabeth Bishop materials. There is a page about the Elizabeth Bishop Society (with membership details), and a page of links to related websites. The section which is likely to be of particular interest to Bishop scholars is that containing selected papers from a symposium held at Vassar College in 1994. This contains the full-texts of eleven papers, and it informs an important resource for future critical work.
"Elizabethan Sonneteers" is a good website for those studying Renaissance literature or for undergraduate students undertaking a survey class of English Literature. The 16th-century was one of the most avid periods of sonnet writing, during which time it is estimated that nearly 300,000 sonnets were written in Western Europe. The site provides several essays on Elizabethan sonnets, which together provide a detailed history. Over twenty poets are represented on the site, each with a link to e-text versions of their works.
'Elsewhere Journal: a journal for the literature of place' is a full-text ejournal. At May 2009 there are three issues online, freely offered in PDF format. The journal publishes... "a broad range of poetry, fiction, and creative nonfiction". The first two issues contain mostly poetry and fiction, with two or three non-fiction articles per issue. The third and most recent issue was themed as "Teaching Place", and contains a substantial range of essays, such as: 'Pastoral Science Fiction: The Landscape of Ray Bradbury’s Midwestern Stories'; 'The Rhetorics of Place / Teaching Place as Text'; 'Creation by Disruption: Regionalist Approaches to Contemporary Canadian and American Literature'; 'Academic Treatise or Personal Essay? : Reflecting on Rival (?) Discursive Modes for Place and Nature', among others. This journal with be of interest to those considering how texts can interact with place.
Emily Bronte: An Overview is a relatively brief section of the Victorian Web, serving as a basic introduction to the life and work of Emily Bronte (1818-1848), and focusing more on her only novel 'Wuthering Heights', than on her poetry. The site is comprised of five categories: Biographical Materials, including a chronology and a link to the Bronte sisters' birthplace in Yorkshire; Works consisting of 'Wuthering Heights' and poems published with her sisters Charlotte and Anne in 1846; Cultural Contexts and Theme and Technique which include extracts from critical works and full-text critical essays, followed by bibliographical information, and links to other sections of the Victorian Web that are relevant but not specifically concerned with Emily Bronte; and, in Related Web Resources, one link to a Bronte discussion list at Yahoo, which requires registration. Altogether, the website seems to be focusing more on the cultural, social and political contexts of Bronte's writing, than on the work itself. Consequently, considering the immense body of critical and biographical information published about Emily Bronte, and the speculation inspired by what some critics term her mysticism, the Emily Bronte section of the Victorian Web will seem disappointingly limited to a serious Bronte scholar. It does serve, however, as a quick reference source to gain a brief, overall view of Emily Bronte's life and writing.
The essay "A Druidic Difference: Emily Dickinson and Shamanism" analyses Dickinson's work from a unique angle, following the assumption that her poetry was a shaman ritual. Not in the common understanding of the word - a witch doctor, medicine woman, an elder - but in the sense of seeking a higher spiritual truth. Emily Dickinson (1830-1866) is considered one of America's greatest poets. She wrote poetry concerned with the human experience of various emotions, and our responses to love, sexuality, death, spiritualism, fear. It has been suggested Emily fulfilled that which she avoided doing in life with her poetry. She remained unmarried, and for a large part of her life chose to live in isolation. In fact, these are the qualities that the author of this essay uses to argue her 'shamaness' abilities; that is, as a visionary, never satisfied that the world was what it appeared to be. The essay is interesting and explorative, and it is followed by a list of secondary sources for further study.
Hosted by Case Western Reserve University the Emily Dickinson International Society provides online information about membership, events, an international registry of Dickinson scholars, details of The Emily Dickinson Journal (the Society's scholarly journal), and related websites. The site also includes details of a graduate scholarship award beginning in 2006. The site is regularly updated with details of conferences, talks and discussions organised by the society and includes submission details for scholars wishing to contribute to the Society's publications. This site is probably of most use as a means of accessing further information on Dickinson through the expertise of its members.
The website 'Enchanting Ruin: Tintern Abbey and Romantic Tourism in Wales' provides digitised versions of exhibits from the University of Michigan Special Collections Library. These exhibits relate to the ruins if the 12th-century Cistercian abbey, which were commemorated in the well-known poem by William Wordsworth 'Lines, Written a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey, on Revisiting the Banks of the Wye During a Tour, July, 13, 1798'. The website presents a selection of images and manuscripts related to the history and geography of Abbey and surrounding areas, as well as some imaginary impressions of this Romantic site in poetry and other writing. The significance of all displayed artefacts is discussed in respective critical commentaries. The material on the website is organised thematically and consists of nine sections, including: 'The Picture of the Mind': Tintern and Vicinity through Images; 'Wreaths of Smoke': Industrial Tintern; 'The Language of Sense': Poetical Tintern; and a famous guide to 'Gleams of Past Existence': Charles Heath's Guide to Tintern Abbey. The resource is hosted by the Library and maintained by the Scholarly Publishing Office, University of Michigan. These pages will be of use to Romantic scholars and anyone whose interests lie in the history and wider context of this iconic abbey.
This is the website for the Endicott Studio. Founded in 1987, the Endicott Studio describes itself as "an interdisciplinary organization dedicated to the creation and support of mythic art". It is interdisciplinary in the sense that it is interested in the expression of myth, folklore and fairy tales through contemporary literary, visual and performance arts. It offers a resource for the study of 'myth, folklore, fairy tales, and their use in contemporary arts', which is likely to be of use to literature, creative writing and art researchers. It is also a very beautiful site, with images from well-known artists such as Archimboldo, Arthur Rackham and Alan Lee, among others, including Thomas Canty, Stu Jenks and Mark Wagner. This website is also home to the Endicott Studio's Journal of Mythic Arts, a quarterly online-only publication (from 1997 to 2008). The journal has three sections, for poetry; fiction; and art, drama and mixed media. Articles include: 'Sleeping Beauty' by Midori Snyder; 'Women and Fairy Tales' by Terri Windling; 'The Lore of Simple Things: Bread, Milk and Honey in Fairy Tales' by Ari Berk; and 'The Lore of Gemstones by Ellen Steiber'. Fiction and poetry by Tappan King, Barth Anderson, Laurie J. Marks, Neil Gaiman, Deborah Cash and Theodora Goss is included, amongst the work of a collection of distinguished writers. The gallery, which features art works and accompanying articles, displays a range of art forms, from fiber art and folk art to paintings and sculpture. Thematic exhibitions include masks, the green man and the green woman and shape-shifting (animal transformations), and a selection of historical displays include Kay Nielsen's Arabian Nights, the Pre-Raphaelites, Adrienne Ségur and Victorian fairy paintings. Other sections of the Endicott site include an online bulletin board, a blog, which ceased publication in May 2008, recommended books and reading lists. This site is a pleasure to view and read, through both the accomplished presentation and the quality of the creative and critical material it contains.
Published by the English Department's Early Modern Center at the University of California at Santa Barbara, this website is about the English Broadside Ballad Archive (EBBA), which concentrates on collecting together an online archive of 'surviving early ballads printed in English, with priority given to black-letter broadsides of the seventeenth century - the heyday of the printed broadside ballad'. EBBA's first project was to archive over 1,800 ballads in the Samuel Pepys collection, held at the Pepys Library at Magdalene College, Cambridge. These were collected by Pepys in five volumes. Due to their fragility, the Pepys Library has restricted access to the originals. Therefore, the Early Modern Center was awarded a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) to digitise the collection from 2006 to 2008. The website provides a searchable image database of the ballads, which can be reproduced in several sizes. There are also facsimile transcriptions, where "facsmile transcription" is defined as 'facsimile reproductions of all the ornament of the ballads (pictures and border woodcuts), but with a conversion of the older (usually black-letter) font into modern roman font. Thus, in looking at a facsimile transcription, the viewer will be able to get a very good impression of what the ballad originally looked like while at the same time be able to read the text with ease.' The songs section includes sound recordings of the ballads, for which software is required. Finally, the background essays cover such areas as 'paper making, the printing process, black-letter print and ballad ornament, popular ballad authors (such as Martin Parker), ballad music, and ballad measure.'
'English Literature: early 17th Century (1603-1660)' is part of the Luminarium web pages and contains a wealth of material relating to seventeenth-century writers active between 1603 and (approximately) 1660. Writers represented on the site include: John Donne; John Milton; George Herbert; John Webster; and Francis Bacon among others. For each author the site includes: links to online editions of their works; a biography and timeline; a selection of their more famous quotations; links to related materials; and related student essays and published journal articles. These online articles are particularly useful and noteworthy, and set this site apart from its rivals. The information given about each writer is comprehensive, and the original sources are cited. Where several different biographies are available online, links are given to each. In addition to the author-specific material, the site provides short histories of the 'Cavalier' and 'Metaphysical' poets. The site has a good search engine and is superbly presented, being illustrated with contemporary paintings and designs, including portraits of most of the authors. This resource should be bookmarked by every student of pre-Restoration 17th-century literature.
'English literature and culture from medieval period to the eighteenth century' is the work of Professor Cecilia H. C. Liu (Fu Jen University). The site compiles a wealth of introductory material on: medieval; sixteenth-century; seventeenth-century; and eighteenth-century literature, aimed explicitly at an audience of undergraduate students. Included here are resources relating to many different works and authors, such as: 'Beowulf'; Geoffrey Chaucer; William Langland; 'Sir Gawain and the green knight'; the 'Morte d'Arthure'; Thomas More; Edmund Spenser; Christopher Marlowe; William Shakespeare; Robert Herrick; John Dryden; Daniel Defoe; Jonathan Swift; and Samuel Johnson, as well as: medieval drama; ballads and lyrics. The site contains Liu's own research on the above works and authors, with some background on genres and history, and also notes and short essays written by her students. This site would be a useful tool for students learning how to read, summarise and interpret literary texts from these periods.
English Literature in Transition (ELT), 1880-1920, is the website of both a printed journal and a book press of that name, both based at the English Department, University of North Carolina at Greensboro. ELT's focus is 'articles on fiction, poetry, drama, or subjects of cultural interest in the 1880–1920 period of British literature', with an emphasis on less prominent authors of the period and their works. The website provides an index of all ELT journal issues from 1983 to the present, as well as: the table of contents of the latest issue; a catalogue of books published by the press; and full ordering and subscription details. The site also provides free access to the full text of four e-books: 'Pater in the 1990s', edited by Laurel Brake and Ian Small; 'The Editions of Dorothy Richardson's Pilgrimage: A Comparison of Texts', by George H. Thomson, with Dorothy F. Thomson; 'Hogan, M.P.', an 1876 novel by by May Laffan Hartley; and 'Dorothy Richardson: A Calendar of Letters', by George Thomson. The books are provided as PDF files. This site would be of interest to those studying the literature of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, especially as background to the study of better-known writers of those periods.
English Matters is an online journal dedicated to poetry and aesthetics, with particular attention to electronic publishing. This resource is one of the projects created by the New Media Group in English at the George Mason University. As a compendium of articles, interviews, poetry, prose and multimedia productions, English Matters is a vibrant addition to the possibilities of creativity on the Internet. Thematic interests of the articles published in this journal range from theoretical meditations on the question of the subject to more 'practical' pieces on epoetry and epoetry resources. It is clear, then, that English Matters is not simply an academic journal but also an invitation to creative writing. A very useful Links page refers the reader to other relevant online resources, the lists of which are either organised thematically, or annotated. This Web page also includes listings of events and exhibitions, as well as information on archives available to those interested in writing, theory and literature. Furthermore, this online resource provides a selection of teaching modules which have been 'designed by faculty in the English Department to help instructors integrate the materials presented in...[the journal] into their courses.' All in all, English Matters is a useful and ample resource, and it will be of interest to students, researchers and professionals alike.
Escape Into Life is a website that hosts artists profiles and an online art journal. The website is divided into the following categories: poetry, essays, reviews, interviews, artists and writers. The latter two have profiles of writers and artists, including biographical information and samples of their work. The essays, reviews and interviews cover a broad range of people and disciplines, from journalism to painting to illustration. The website is also divided into more specific categories (such as collage, video and art history) to help browsing. The website accepts contributions and in 'Info' there are details of how to submit work and ideas.
The EServer.org website began in 1990 with a few critical publications and is now hosted by Iowa State University and has over 35,000 publications, with the number growing. This site will be of interest to a range of students as it provides indepth links to subjects such as: art; architecture; aesthetic theories; cultural theory; cybertheory; government; bibliographies; calls for papers; drama; education; feminism; scholarly resources and journals and too many more to name. The plethora of works available ensures many students will find something pertinent. Of the myriad critical studies these are some well-know names: Mary Wollstonecraft; Aphra Behn; Marx; William Faulkner; Jane Austen; Samuel Johnson; Mona Lisa and again, many many more. Each section is divided by subject heading and then within that section are links to primary sources, secondary and critical sources also although most sources are text documents there are often images and links to external sites included.
Etext Center offers access to a wide variety of online texts in English literature. The resources available in American literature are particularly rich and include early American fiction, Native American literature, literature from the American civil war and the Salem witch trials. The site also provides access to special collections at the University of Virginia, including a digital collection of African-American educational photographs and selected private and official correspondence of Abraham Lincoln and Thomas Jefferson.Other materials include online texts of William Shakespeare in both First Folio and early Quarto editions. There is a facility which allows users to make side-by-side comparisons of different texts, which is extremely simple to use and valuable as a research tool.
Everypoet.com is a website aimed at poetry enthusiasts. Whilst not scholarly in orientation, the site does contain a large archive of electronic poetry. For example, there are good selections from: TS Eliot; William Wordsworth; Wallace Stevens; Edgar Alan Poe; Geoffrey Chaucer; Amy Lowell; Oscar Wilde; and William Shakespeare. The site also offers poetry discussion forums, opportunities for new poets to publish their poetry online, and a haiku generator.
This website is a hypertext introduction to T.S. Eliot's landmark poem, 'The Waste Land'. Published in 1922, 'The Waste Land' is, along with Joyce's 'Ulysses', one of the most celebrated productions of early Anglo-American literary Modernism. The poem, which was edited by Ezra Pound, can be said to have shaped the work of a number of important and influential poets, among them W.H. Auden. Rickard A. Parker has annotated the poem in detail, providing explanations of allusions, information about relevant intertexts, brief commentaries, and further suggestions for interpretation and research. 'Exploring The Waste Land' also contains images, biographical and bibliographical material and background information when helpful for understanding. The site, which is based on a simple and intuitive design, uses frames, but can be viewed without.
The Favorite Poem Project was founded by Robert Pinsky, shortly after his appointment as Poet Laureate of the United States in 1997, and is 'dedicated to celebrating, documenting and encouraging poetry's role in Americans' lives'. From the original submissions of 18,000 Americans the project has produced several collections, including three printed anthologies, edited by Robert Pinsky and Maggie Dietz: 'Poems to Read', 'Americans' Favorite Poems' and 'An Invitation to Poetry'. The poems themselves are mainly by American authors, but include poems by Shakespeare and Chaucer, and translations of works by Goethe, Neruda, and Akhmatova. Among other materials published by the Project are 'Favorite Poem Project Videos' and a volume based on Pinsky's Tanner Lectures at Princeton University 'Democracy, Culture and the Voice of Poetry'. The site contains details of the project, various public events (Get Involved) and educational initiatives that have resulted from it (For Teachers).
'First Scottish Books' is a website published as part of the Digital Library section of the National Library of Scotland's Web pages. The site offers access to digitised copies of the nine earliest books printed in Scotland, which were produced in the early sixteenth century by Edinburgh based merchant Walter Chepman and bookseller Andrew Myllar. Images of the complete books are provided, with the texts featured including: 'The Porteous of Nobleness'; 'Golagrus and Gawain'; John Lydgate's 'Rhyme without Accord'; 'Eglamour'; 'Balade'; William Dunbar's 'The Golden Targe'; 'De regimine principum bonum concilium'; 'The Complaint of the Black Knight' and 'When by Divine Deliberation' by John Lydgate; William Dunbar's 'The Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedy'; and 'A Gest of Robyn Hode'. The facsimile images are displayed with a side-by-side transcript. In addition to the texts users can also access information about: the digitisation project; the provenance and binding of the original books; and the place of the texts in the history of European printing. This outstanding site would be of great interest to anyone studying book history.
The First World War Poetry Digital Archive website provides online, for free, unprecedented access to primary source material from some of the major British First World War poets. This archive consists predominantly of correspondence and manuscripts from the poets: Wilfred Owen; Edward Thomas; Robert Graves; David Jones; Roland Leighton; Isaac Rosenberg; and Vera Brittain, plus contextual images, video and audio, from the Imperial War Museum and other institutions. These include a complete run of "The Hydra" (the Journal of the Patients at the Craiglockhart War Hospital, plus propaganda pamphlets, forces' newspapers, and postcards). Other poets being researched by the project include: Edmund Blunden; Ivor Gurney; and Siegfried Sassoon - their material should be added to the archive in the summer-autumn 2009. The project shows how these resources can be used in teaching - at all levels and for subjects as diverse as Gender Studies, English literature, literacy, Media Studies, Welsh as a Second Language and History. The archive builds on the Virtual Seminars for Teaching Literature Project (1996-98) which was widely used in schools, further education colleges, and for university teaching and research. The tutorials created for that earlier project have been updated: The four tutorials consist of: An Introduction to World War I Poetry (referring to the work of Wilfred Owen, Siegfried Sassoon, Rupert Brooke, Edward Thomas, Isaac Rosenberg, and women's poetry, as well as Trench poetry and songs); Issac Rosenberg's "Break of Day in the Trenches"; An Introduction to Manuscript Study and the Creation of a Critical Edition (examining Wilfred Owen's "Dulce et Decorum est"); and An Introduction to Text Analysis. The archive offers a "path creation scheme" whereby teachers and other users can annotate and save their own route through the materials.The project is based at the University of Oxford and is part of the JISC Digitisation Programme.
There are also sample tutorials, links to related websites, and podcasts from individuals such as Ian Hislop, Richard Holmes, Max Arthur, and Gary Sheffield, as well as recordings made at conferences and events about the literature of World War One.
The project has also collected materials about the First World War held by the British public into the Great War Archive. This includes diaries, letters, manuscripts, photographs, oral histories, memorabilia and other ephemera from ex-soldiers, service personnel and the home front.
Focus on Isaac Rosenberg is an online exhibition published by the FamilyRecords.gov.uk consortium (formerly the Family Records Centre). The exhibition highlights documents that have survived in the nation's archives relating to the life and military career of war poet Isaac Rosenberg (1890-1917). Resources include: Rosenberg's birth certificate; related census returns; original poem manuscripts; and his medal and service records. There are also suggestions for further reading, and a selection of related web links. The site is designed to inspire those researching their own ancestors, and points to resources at the National Archives and elsewhere that would be of general use to family historians. The site would also be of interest to those studying the history of the Great War or the poetry of the period.
The website of the Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington DC, provides information and resources relating to this independent research library. A major center for scholarly research, the Folger houses the world's largest collection of Shakespeare materials (including some of the earliest printed texts of his plays) in addition to a magnificent collection of other rare Renaissance books and manuscripts on disciplines including: history and politics; theology and exploration; and law and the arts. The library also holds a collection of: art works; photographs; maps; early music; playbills; theatrical programs and scrapbooks; promptbooks; and films and videos. Access to the physical collection is restricted to academic researchers but the website provides a free online digital image library comprising over 30,000 images from across the Folger's collections. These images can be searched by keyword or bibliographic data, or browsed by year, title or event, among other options. In addition the Library provides: an online catalogue; access information; and updates on news and events in the library. Shakespeare researchers or students would find this a fascinating and useful resource.
"Forget Me Not" was an early nineteenth-century literary annual (1823-1847). This site has catalogued and made available on the Internet, four volumes of Forget me Not from 1823 to 1830. There is a background and history to this annual as well as other popular annuals such as Thomas Hood's "Comic Annual". An index of poets contributing to Forget Me Not is given, with a list of their works in Forget Me Not and other literary annuals. If you are looking for a poet published in annuals, this index could be useful. Originally part of a PhD project, it is now part of the Poetess Archive. This is a frames-dependent website.
This is the website of Forgotten Ground Regained - a site devoted to alliterative verse in Old English, Middle English, modern English. Forgotten Ground Regained contains translations, original texts, contemporary poetry written in alliterative styles, resources, commentaries, and links to related material. Perhaps the most interesting part of Forgotten Ground Regained is the editor's guide to alliterative poetry. Written in an engaging (yet informed) manner, the introduction explains the fundamental techniques of alliterative verse (including stress and meter), provides technical commentaries on excerpts of well-known texts, such as Beowulf, and offers advice for those wishing to write in these forms.
This is the website for the Forward Arts Foundation. The foundation supports three key arts initiative: The Forward Poetry Prize; National Poetry Day and Big Arts Week. The Forward Poetry Prize is one of the United Kingdom’s most prestigious awards for poetry, claiming to be both the country’s “most valuable annual poetry competition” and the only award to honour both established and emerging poets. National Poetry day exists celebrate great poetry, and the website exists to promote events that do this. The Big Arts Week is places professional artists (in the broadest sense) in schools to "inspire the next generation of British artists".
'The Fourth River' is the website of the print journal of the same name, published by the Creative Writing Programme at Chatham College, Pittsburgh. Fourth River's focus is on writing which explores the interactions between humans and their environment, from a local or global perspective. The site provides tables of contents for past issues and various stories, poems and other extracts from the hard copy of the journal. Details of how to subscribe and submit material are also given. This publication is a good resource for contemporary English studies, but the interest in human/environment relationships may open it up to a broader range of researchers.
This bi-annual electronic poetry journal provides full online copies of recent poems, reviews and interviews, with the focus primarily upon contemporary American material. The site would be of interest to poets, as it gives them the opportunity to submit work for publication; students of recent American literature, as it provides primary source material in the form of interviews as well as reviews; and poet enthusiasts. Although focusing mainly on poets from the U.S. such as Amy England, Stephen Cushman and Sarah Riggs, the journal has also featured translations of nineteenth century French poetry; British poetry, notably Jackie Kay; and Iraqi poets in translation. Additionally, the editors have included a succinct links page, listing a selection of the most official related experimental poetry sites.
The Friends of the Dymock Poets was founded in 1993 to 'foster an interest in the work of the Dymock poets' and to preserve and protect the area in Herefordshire and Gloucestershire where they worked in the period just before the First World War. The six members of this group are: Lascelles Abercrombie, Rupert Brooke, John Drinkwater, Robert Frost, Wilfrid Gibson and Edward Thomas. Each poet has an introduction on this site, taken from 'Once they lived in Gloucestershire: a Dymock poets anthology'. There is a page giving information about the Dymock Poets Archive & Study Centre at the University of Gloucestershire and a useful Bibliography of works by and about the group. There is also information on visiting the Dymock area and a page of links to related websites.
'From Goslar to Grasmere: William Wordsworth Electronic Manuscripts' is an online collection of images and transcriptions of the poet William Wordsworth's draft materials and letters. Users can tailor their 'route' through the material on the site according to their needs by selecting content filters from: 'Specialist Use' (academics and researchers); 'Non-Specialist Use' (interested readers with little experience of manuscripts); and 'Educational Use' (for teachers). Users may also use the site without a filter, enabling them to view all documents. Materials provided online include: information on the project and its aims; letters and biographical details relating to the Wordsworths during the period 1798 - 1800; contemporary maps of the Lake District; images and transcripts of the manuscripts of Wordsworth's 'Prelude' and 'Home at Grasmere'; articles relating to the dating and relationship of the various manuscripts; and related film clips. There is much here of use to students, teachers and researchers working on Wordsworth, as well as interested readers.
The aim of the G.K.Chesterton website is to provide a single source for all of Chesterton's works currently available as e-texts. Gilbert Keith Chesterton (1874-1936) was a prolific and exuberant writer, publishing 69 books during his life in almost all areas of literature. The main strength of this site is its presentation of Chesterton's entire literary output, divided into six sections: non-fiction, including the biography of Charles Dickens and 'Eugenics and other Evils' (1917); fiction, including the Father Brown mystery stories (1911-1936) and 'The Man Who Was Thursday' (1908); essays, such as 'A Defence of Penny Dreadfuls'; poems, including 'The Battle of Pepanto'; bibliographies; and quotations. All of the files are available in plain text format, and many can also be accessed in HTML. The larger files are also available as zip archive files. The site also includes: a short biography; a picture archive; and numerous links to related sites. Anyone studying Chesterton would find this a good place to start their research.
The Geoffrey Chaucer website, hosted by the English department at Harvard University, has been developed as a companion resource for the undergraduate study of Chaucer (c.1340-1400). The texts and essays available are arranged by topic including: Life of Chaucer; Canterbury Tales; Literary Subjects; Life and Manners; Medieval Science; and Chaucer's Language. The resources give a general overview of life in the later Middle Ages, and of the literary tradition of the period, but notably focus on the Canterbury Tales rather than any of Chaucer's other works. Each of the Canterbury Tales has an introductory essay which makes use of both quotations and illustrations, and further reading is also suggested. A full site index greatly assists in the retrieval of resources. This site would be of use to undergraduate students and teachers looking for an introduction to medieval life and to Chaucer's best-known works.
The Electronic Canterbury Tales website is a comprehensive guide to: online texts of the Tales; commentary; and related resources for both teachers and students of Geoffrey Chaucer. This site, edited and compiled by Daniel T. Kline of the University of Alaska, also links to Kline's other resources including the Chaucer Pedagogy Page. There are links to other Chaucer sites, as well as to electronic texts in both Middle and Modern English.
The 'Geoffrey Hill Study Centre' is a free online resource for the study of the work of the leading British poet Geoffrey Hill (1932-). The main page of this extensive website is a well-maintained and wide-ranging news/announcements page on matters relating to Hill and his work. There are also many further pages giving a biography, interviews, lectures, audio (five items can be listened to online), and more. There is also a comprehensive bibliography, which includes material in foreign languages. The website also has information on the major British poets Ted Hughes and Charles Tomlinson. The website appears to be hosted on free Web space in California, and when visited in May 2008 was very slow to load.
The 'George Meredith' Web pages are part of the extensive Victorian Web website, and offer a biographical and critical introduction to this Victorian writer. A poet as well as novelist, George Meredith (1828-1909) produced eight collections of poetry and fifteen novels, the most famous being 'The Ordeal of Richard Feveral' (1859) and 'The Egoist' (1860). It was not until the publication of 'Diana of the Crossways' in 1885 however that Meredith achieved critical acclaim; the subsequent nine volume edition of his works ensuring his reputation. This website provides: a biography; a chronology; a brief assessment of Meredith's writing; and a list of his works. Numerous critical assessments of varying length are also provided, on themes such as: style and description in Meredith's fantasy writing; melodrama as theatricalised dissent in 'Diana of the Crossways'; and a number of essays on 'The Shaving of Shagpat' (1855). Although the site does not provide a bibliography it serves as a basic introduction to Meredith's life and most important works.
George Orwell is a site devoted to the English novelist, essayist and social commentator, George Orwell (real name Eric Arthur Blair 1903-1950).The site has brief summaries and discussions of Orwell's novels, including Animal Farm, Nineteen-Eighty Four and The Road to Wigan Pier. There is also a brief biography of Orwell, and some general critical discussions of Orwell, his influences and politics.The site includes the full-texts of some of Orwell's essays, including Shooting an Elephant, Why I Write, and Politics and the English Language. There is also a selection of Orwell's letters, poems and pictures. The site also hosts a George Orwell discussion board where browsers can post questions and engage in ongoing discussions. The site is a worthwhile resource for Orwell scholars and enthusiasts. In particular, the text versions of Orwell's essays are a useful inclusion. Many of the essays are short enough to be read online.
This is the home page of the Welsh writer and poet Gillian Clarke (1937-). Clarke was born in Cardiff and teaches creative writing at the University of Glamorgan, as well as on a freelance basis. The website claims that her poems are studied by GCSE and A-Level students throughout Britain. Her website contains the texts of six of her poems, all of which are available in the section 'For Students', and notes for schoolchildren to these and several more poems. The notes explain the subjects she chooses to write about as well as some of the technical and imagistic choices exercised within the poems. There is also a short biographical note, a bibliography of Clarke's publications and books about her work, and a page of excerpts from rather positive reviews of her work. Links to other relevant online resources are provided, and an events page informs users of forthcoming live readings. Clarke provides a feedback form and encourages readers to ask questions about her poems.
The Global Burns Network is the website of a project funded by the AHRC and the Centre for Burns Studies at the University of Glasgow. The project aims to conduct research into the reception of Robert Burns' poems and his work's ongoing social and cultural influence, using the upcoming 250th anniversary of the poet's birth in 2009 as a focal point. The site provides: an introduction to the project and to Burns himself; a news section; a selection of Burns-related links; and a discussion forum. There is also a section listing worldwide events commemorating the 250th anniversary. This site would be helpful to Burns scholars, as well as those wishing to make research contacts in the field.
This impressive website provides a glossary of poetic terms. Innumerable definitions are given spanning the whole poetic lexicon, including various forms, metres, rhetorical devices, styles, and technical critical terms. Many of the definitions include hypertext cross-references to other related topics, as well as illustrative quotations from poems where applicable. Phonetic pronunciation guidelines are also given for terms where uncertainty may arise. The site is smartly presented, and its contents may be downloaded for off-line reference purposes. This site is likely to prove an excellent resource for all levels of student up to undergraduates. It is the work of Robert G. Shubinski, someone with an evident passion for poetry.
The Graphic Art of Claire Pratt (1921-1995) is an online exhibition based on primary source holdings at the E. J. Pratt Library, at the University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Originally the exhibition was held in non-virtual format in the Spring of 2000. Claire Pratt was the daughter of E. J. Pratt (for whom the Pratt Library is named), a notable Canadian poet and educator. The site gives a brief biography of his daughter, who was an artist, poet and editor. Here, several examples of Pratt's graphic artworks provide illustrations for online samples of her and her father's poetry. Among these, Haiku, Gulls and the Sea, and The Encounter are good examples of Claire Pratt's sense of compositional rhythm -- and all bear the influence of American graphic style of the early-to-mid 1950s. A full outline of archival resources which provide the basis for this display are listed in the E. J. Pratt Library Special Collections page. A subpage entitled A Selection of Graphic Works by Claire Pratt gives a list of works with thumbnail online images of them. There is an additional exhibitions list page with dates of exhibition or publication of Pratt's work. The site should be of primary interest to researchers in Canadian art and cultural history, as well as in comparative literary studies.
'Gratt: a peer-reviewed journal of Anglophone studies' is a full-text ejournal aiming to cover... "Literature, Civilization, Cultural Studies, Gender Studies, Linguistics". The journal is produced by the University of Francois-Rabelais in Tours, France, but is published in English. At February 2009 four issues are online, offering articles as PDF files. Issues are themed: 'Queer Readings of Television Series and Serials'; 'Reading Thomas Jefferson'; 'Reading Thomas Pynchon's latest novel Against the Day'; and 'Reading Alison Bechdel'. There are also details of 39 paper-only issues, published between 1984 and 2007. The website offers a "Poetry and Fiction Corner", and "Occasional Papers" which at present features just one paper - 'Representing the Dirty South: Parochialism in Rap Music'. The website has details of the editors, and a style-sheet for contributors.
'The Great War: 1914-1918' is a website published by Woodruff Library of Emory University. It provides free full-text access to eleven scarce poetry anthologies of war poetry from the First World War, volumes which never had a second edition. The poems can be searched and retrieved online by volume, title, author, or by a full-text keyword search. The website also contains 451 examples of First World War picture postcards and photographic postcards from around the world. There are also a few examples of embroidered postcards from the period. Postcards are provided as scanned images at multiple image sizes, including twice normal size. Postcards are accompanied by detailed descriptions and there is usually a note about any personal writing found on the reverse of the card. There are multiple ways to search the postcard archive.
Great Works is an online journal of contemporary poetry, poetics, criticism and reviews. Originally published as a magazine in paper format between 1973 and 1979, it now publishes material sent in and selected by its editor, Peter Philpott, on the Web. Since 2006, Great Works has been produced as discrete bi-monthly issues on the website; all material published on the website in past issues is available in the archive, which is arranged by author. The journal features poetry in the modernist, neo-modernist and 'linguistically innovative' tradition, but also explores work closer to a post-modernist aesthetic. Writers appearing on the site include Johan de Witt, Alison Croggan and Catherine Daly.
“Gwendolyn Brooks” is the Modern American Poetry website about the African American poet who started writing at a young age and, in 1950 became the first black American to win the Pulitzer Prize. In 1967, she decided to become more involved in the Black Arts movement, arguably increasing the elements of protest in her poetry. This online resource provides excerpts of secondary criticism on some of Brooks’ most famous poems, including “We Real Cool”, “The Ballad of Rudolph Reed”, “Gay Chaps at the Bar”, “To the Diaspora” and “The Boy Died in my Alley”. There are also links to further resources about the Black Arts Movement and other issues related to Brooks’ poetry. Four of her book jackets are pictured, and there is a biography of her life and career as well as links to external websites. Unfortunately, none of Brooks’ primary texts are included with the site.
“Gwyneth Lewis” is the online resource of Wales’ first appointed National Poet from 2005-2006. This bilingual website in English and Welsh is dedicated to her writing and the context of her work as a writer in both Welsh and English, and would be of interest to students of contemporary poetry and creative writing. Users will need a Flash player to view this site. The biography page has links to full details and reviews of each of her publications, which include non-fiction prose works and a number of collections of poetry. The “Recent Work / Gwaith diweddar” page includes poems in Welsh and English, and, like the site as a whole, it appears to be very personal. In addition, there is also a gallery of pictures, a contact page, and links to other Welsh literature sites. The presentation is attractive and images of knots and compasses and a blue background make the site itself part of the voyage through her work. This site is valuable for its factual overview and detail of Gwyneth Lewis’ material, and for the poetic nature of its layout and presentation, which offer deeper insights into the work. Easy to navigate and user-friendly, the site is an excellent introduction to Gwyneth Lewis and her work.
The H.D. (Hilda Doolittle) website is written and maintained as a volunteer effort by H. Hernandez, Technical Services Librarian at the San Francisco Maritime Library. It is dedicated to the life and work of the American poet, translator and novelist known as H.D. (1886-1961). The site is divided into three sections: H.D., herself includes a brief biography and a detailed bibliography of works by and about her. H.D. resources and events provides facts about, and links to, the H.D. International Society, H.D. Society Discussion List plus a calendar of events.Other resources of interest to H.D.'s readers gives information about her friends and associates with links to other websites about them. H.D. moved to England in 1911, married the novelist-poet Richard Aldington and gained recognition through her early imagist poems of which Heat and Oread (which appear in several anthologies) are fine examples. Her Collected Poems was published in 1925 and 1940. Her fiction included Palimpsest (1926) and the autobiographical Bid Me Live (1960).
“Hap Hazard” is a useful web resource primarily aimed at scholars studying the Elizabethan poet Edmund Spenser (1552-1599). In this website, users will find full electronic transcriptions of all known diplomatic and state documents, and other papers relating to Spenser’s life in Ireland between 1580 and 1599. As such, the site may also be of interest to scholars studying Elizabethan Irish history. The site also contains a transcription of Spenser’s 1596 “View of the Present State of Ireland”, including textual notes and supplementary materials. A third section, entitled “Other Materials” hosts transcribed manuscripts, including poetry and prose, relating to the Irish political and literary context in which Spenser worked and wrote. Many of the letters transcribed on the site were written by or to Lord Arthur Grey, the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland under whom Spenser worked. In addition, users can also find background information about this online resource.
HaroldPinter.org is the official website of the British playright, director, actor, poet and political activist, Harold Pinter (1930-). Pinter's plays include The Birthday Party, The Room and The Caretaker.The site includes a brief biography, information on Pinter's acting and directing career, poems, and political speeches and correspondence. There are indexes of works by and about Pinter. There are also discussions and reviews of past and upcoming productions of Pinter's plays and screenplays. The site is regularly updated and keeps abreast of current Pinter projects worldwide. There is also an extensive set of relevant links.The site is an invaluable resource for those interested in the life and works of one of Britain's most significant postwar playrights.
HarperAudio! features sound recordings of a selection of plays, poems, short stories and speeches by famous authors. The site includes a number of authors reading their own works, including T.S. Eliot, Robert Frost, Wallace Stevens, William Faulkner, Dylan Thomas, Robert Graves and John Updike. Also featured are the Nobel Prize acceptance speeches of William Faulkner and Ernest Hemingway. Recordings of dramatic performances include plays by Shakespeare and Arthur Miller. Recordings can usually be downloaded in au, ra and gsm formats.
The Modern American Poetry pages for Hart Crane include a biographical sketch and a number of secondary essays about the poet. It also contains a number of his shorter poems and some extracts from his letters. Crane's most famous work is probably his modernist epic, 'The Bridge'. The poem itself is not reproduced, although there are several excerpts from reviews and criticism. Other poems by Crane include 'Chaplinesque', 'Porphyro in Akron', 'Cape Hatteras', 'Episode of Hands', and 'Black Tambourine', all of which receive attention. Curiously, none of the poems included on the site corresponds with any of the criticism. The primary texts, available in the section 'Additional Poems', include most of the 'Voyages', 'For The Marriage of Faustus and Helen', and 'The Broken Tower'. 'External Links' to other Crane resources are also provided. This site will form a useful companion for anyone studying Hart or American modernism.
This website contains a biography and links to the text of selected poems by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Poems include: The Building of the Ship; The Cumberland; The Lighthouse; Seaweed; Sir Humphrey Gilbert; The Sound of the Sea; The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls; and The Wreck of the Hesperus. This site is maintained by an enthusiast.
The Heroic Age is a freely available, peer reviewed electronic journal concerned with the history, archaeology and literature of northwestern Europe from the end of the Roman Empire to the start of the Norman Empire. The Heroic Age aims to bring together professional historians, students, independent historians and amateurs in order to open up debate and new lines of investigation. The main geographic focus of the journal is Britain, Ireland and their North Sea neighbours. The site includes: reviews of websites and books (both fiction and non-fiction); a section on archaeological investigations; announcements; an extensive links section; and a blog. There is also an announcements list which enables registered users to receive emails about new issues, calls for papers and other relevant information. The website is straightforward to browse and the archive of past issues has a search engine. All material is presented in English.
Hillman's Hyperlinked and Searchable Chambers' Book of Days is an online version of Chambers' book, subtitled, 'A miscellany of popular antiquities in connection with the calendar, including biography, anecdote and history, curiosities of literature and oddities of human life and character'. The website is the result of scanning the original printed version, from which the site takes its form, arranged into sections, one for each day of the year. Each section provides information on a number of famous literary and historical figures who were born and died on each day in previous years, along with: the saints connected with that particular day of the year; biographies of some of those who were born and died on the day; relevant calendar customs, stories, and superstitions; and descriptions of historical events. The website can also be browsed by: biographies; calendar customs; wars; historical events; and oddities, among other topics. There is also a keyword search, which is useful in bringing up fascinating items of information that might otherwise be missed. The site is an interesting work of reference of its time (1869), and would be a good introduction for students and interested readers to folklore and customs which have long since gone out of use, or to the way history was represented during the 19th century. The site is not a scholarly work, but is well presented and easy to use.
This website makes available in full The Hunting of the Snark, a nonsense poem by Lewis Carroll first published in 1876. The fanciful eight-canto poem describes the sea voyage of a bellman, boots (bootblack), bonnet maker, barrister, broker, billiard marker, banker, beaver, baker, and butcher, and their search for the elusive, undefined snark. There are links to each canto and to more information abut Lewis Carroll, and the text of Alice's Adventures In Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass. This is located on the website of the University of Virginia Library.
HyperEpos: Epic on the Internet is an annotated web gateway for those interested in both Classical (Greek and Roman) epic poetry, and English language epics from the Middle Ages to the present day. In addition to the more familiar categories of Renaissance and Medieval epic, the site lists an extensive number of sub-genres. These include Women's epic, American epic, Modernist epic and Contemporary epic. A further category, Non-Western epic, provides a range of resources for the study of texts such as the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, and the Epic of Shahnameh Ferdowsi. The site covers Indian epic, African epic, Arabic epic, Japanese epic, and Turkish and Persian epic. Resources on these topics include texts, commentaries, and translations.The site is a valuable resource for genre-based study and would be particularly useful for students and scholars working on comparative or cross-cultural studies.
The HyperTexts is an online poetry journal which aims to make available the best poems, from the work of contemporary writers to more classic material from across the English poetry canon. Edited by Michael R. Burch, a widely published poet and supporter of net-based poetry, the site also includes: critical essays; articles; and interviews. Classifying material under headings such as: 'Esoterica'; 'Rock Jukebox'; Mysterious Ways'; and 'Thanksgiving', the tone of the site is dynamic and challenging. The site is likely to be of interest to writers and literature students looking for a different approach to poetry. There are also themed items offering philosophical insights through: quotations; full poems; and reflections. These are balanced by critical appreciations of featured poems and discussions on style and form. An archive of material placed on the site since its creation in November 2001 is available.
'Imagining Staffordshire' is a Staffordshire Country Council-funded online project that aims to explore the county of Staffordshire through the work of artists and writers from the region or those inspired by it. The site features writers and artists past and present, including local myths and folklore, and welcomes relevant contributions of work. Among the items offered on the website are: a short appreciation of the author of 'Sir Gawain and the Green Knight' (c. late 14th century) and its North Staffordshire settings and dialect; an outline of 'The Watershed Project' (a cultural exploration of the River Sow); and a short article outlining the links of various notable writers with Staffordshire. This resource would be of interest to those studying the geographical area and the works inspired by the region.
The Index of the Literature of the English Renaissance and Early Seventeenth Century is useful as a general introduction to the works of the major writers of the period. It opens with a brief bibliography of general studies on the literature of the English Renaissance and links to Internet resources including one to an excellent, comprehensive site of Renaissance e-texts. The index lists over fifty writers of the period including: playrights William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, and John Webster; poets John Milton and Edmund Spenser; and the essayist Sir Francis Bacon; and less well known figures such as the poets Thomas Traherne and Thomas Carew. Links are provided to full online texts of some works by each writer, as well as to biographical information.
The website of the International Byron Society provides an important introduction to Byron and his works, and includes resources such as: a Timeline; a biography of the poet; recommended reading; and links to related websites. The most significant resource is a section entitled 'Works of Byron', which provides the full-text of Byron's poems (as PDF files), together with notes and commentary and substantial essays by Peter Cochran. The site also gives details of: other Byron societies; awards and events; and the Annual International Byron Conference. There is also a discussion forum. This site would be of interest to students and researchers working on Byron.
The International Literary Quarterly is a full-text online review featuring: prose; poetry; critical articles; interviews; and artwork by a guest artist. All issues from number 1 (November 2007) onwards are available for users to view, along with: short biographies of contributors; a related blog; and editors' contact details. Contributors at the time of writing include authors and critics such as: Gillian Beer; Marina Warner; George Szirtes; and Andrew Motion, as well as artists: Calulm Colvin; Arturo Di Stefano; Tom Phillips; and Lydia Rubio. Issues are genuinely international, with literature from various countries translated into English. This is an ambitious and wide-ranging review, which would be of use to those studying or reading contemporary poetry and fiction.
The International Piers Plowman Society (IPPS) website gives information on the society and its activities, as well as helpful information for William Langland scholars. The society, formed in 1999, contributes to sessions at various medieval conferences, as well as running its own international conferences and overseeing publication of the Yearbook of Langland Studies (YLS). The website provides general membership and subscription information for the society, as well as: conference details; links to Langland-related scholarly projects; and related web links. The site also gives more information on the YLS, including: editorial and subscription information; tables of contents for issues from volume 11 onwards; and a searchable database of the annual bibliography of Piers Plowman-related works.
'The International Review of Scottish Studies' is a full-text ejournal, published by the Centre for Scottish Studies at the University of Guelph and the Scottish Studies Foundation. At January 2009 there are 33 issues freely available online. The journal contains academic articles and book reviews, and the focus is on Scottish history and literature. Articles can be searched by title, keyword, or author, and articles are presented with abstracts and full-text PDF files. Example articles titles include: 'Pasts, Futures, and Connections between Scotland, Ulster, and Ireland: a critique of some historiographical tendencies'; 'Saints and Sinners: Church Members in Glasgow's East End, 1873-1885'; 'Hugh MacDiarmid and Scottish Identity'; and 'Witchcraft and Family: What Can Witchcraft Documents Tell Us About Early Modern Scottish Family Life?', among many others. The website has details of the Editor, Editorial Team, Board Members, and submissions policy.
The Internet Poetry Archive is a multimedia resource that aims to bring contemporary poetry to a larger audience and to offer new ways of teaching and studying such poems. The project contains selected works by: Philip Levine; Robert Pinsky; Yusef Komunyakaa; Margaret Walker; Richard Wilbur; Seamus Heaney; and Czeslaw Milosz. The poems are presented in their original languages as well as in English translation, and are accompanied by authors' comments. Poems and comments are also accessible as audio files, and a critical biography and brief bibliography is provided for each poet. Additional features include: "Questions from the audience" sessions; panels on the poetry of several featured poets; and a few video files. Links are provided to: talks; lectures; and other related events. This site would be of interest to those studying English literature or creative writing, or readers of poetry more generally.
'The Internet Writing Journal' is a free online magazine for readers and writers, established in 1997. The journal is issued monthly and provides a combination of: reviews; interviews; and articles. An archive is provided, and content can also be searched by keyword. Submission guidelines are also included, and contributions of 'how to', informative and journalistic articles are welcomed. The magazine does not publish fiction or poetry, but does actively seek articles of 750 - 1750 words on: developing writing skills; publishing; journalism; screenwriting; markets; Internet writing; and writing plays and songs. This site is regularly updated, with current, topical content and is straightforward to navigate and user-friendly. Writers and literature students would find this resource of interest.
The “Irish Literary Sources and Resources” website contains several background essays on ancient Irish history and literature, several primary texts of ancient Irish legends, and editions of modern Irish drama and prose fiction. The featured texts include Lady Gregory’s translations of “The Fate of the Children of Lir” and “Oisin and Patrick”, and Kuno Meyer’s translations of several early Irish lyric poems. The modern texts reproduced on this site include, J. M. Synge’s play “Riders to the Sea”, “The Nowlans” by John Banim, “The Hedge School” by William Carleton, “Castle Rackrent” by Maria Edgeworth, Gerald Griffin’s “The Collegians”, “Grania, the Story of an Island” by Emily Lawless, and the James Joyce short story, “The Dead”. This resource is ideal for individuals looking for the primary texts of specific works in Irish literature.
'Irish-Scottish Poetry Project' is the website for an AHRC funded project 'Relations and Comparisons between Irish and Scottish poetry since 1890'. The project is based at the Seamus Heaney Centre for Poetry, Queen's University, Belfast, and is conducted in association with the Research Institute for Irish and Scottish Studies, University of Aberdeen. It started in 2006 and will come to an end in 2009. The aim of this research is to link 'two academic fields: modern poetry and Irish-Scottish studies', by employing a comparative approach to the study of these two literatures. The resource provides pages with information on four themed symposia held in Beflast and Aberdeen: The Friendship of Poets; The Way it Had to be Said?; Crossing the Minch and other Odysseys; Re-Mapping the Irish/Scottish Poem. Each page contains audio recordings (MP3) of papers delivered at a respective symposium, as well as poetry and music recited and performed during accompanying events. The product of the symposia will be a collection of comparative essays and a translation study by Hugh Magennis on Edwin Morgan's and Seamus Heaney's translation of 'Beowulf'.
The Isle of Lesbos is an online collection of art, culture, and learning devoted to love between women, primarily lesbian and bisexual love, but also friendship and sisterhood. It is a comprehensive collection of material, of use to researchers in literature, art and women's studies, amongst other disciplines. The site is organised under the headings of poetry, classical art, vintage images, letters and journals and quotations. The poets include Sappho, Aphra Behn, Gertrude Stein, Edna St. Vincent Millay, William Wordsworth, S. T. Coleridge and Paul Verlaine. Biographies of modern poets are included, such as Paula Allen Gunn, Cheryl Clarke, Judy Grahn, Adrienne Rich and May Swenson. Images from classical art are divided into time periods from 1500 - 1849, 1850 - 1899, 1900 - 1910 and 1911 - 1935. Some of the material classed as motivated by sexuality rather than friendship is open to debate, but the site does acknowledge that much debate is ongoing regarding the changing interpretation of material by different generations of reader/audience. The site is easy to navigate and well-presented, with links and suggested sites for further research.
This is a blog about Ivor Gurney (1890-1937), the composer and poet, who served with the Gloucestershire Regiment in the First World War (1914-1918). The blog is written by Philip Lancaster, who is working on the manuscripts of Gurney held in the Gloucestershire Archives and is a committee member of the Ivor Gurney Society. It describes his research on the music and poetry and letters of Gurney, his preparing of Gurney and others' musical scores for performance, recording and publication, and his work with Prof. Tim Kendall (University of Exeter) transcribing and editing Gurney's complete poetry - as well as many related topics including the works of the poet Edward Thomas ((1878-1917). The posts are always interesting and provide an additional dimension as Philip is attempting to journal his work towards his PhD.
The official website of the Ivor Gurney Society, this resource is dedicated to Ivor Gurney (1890-1937), who was an English poet and composer who fought in the First World War and later succumbed to mental illness, spending the last 15 years of his life in institutions. He wrote war poetry and composed hundreds of songs and pieces of instrumental music, mostly for the piano. The website contains biographies of Gurney and of some of his musical contemporaries and personal friends, including the Australian composer Arthur Benjamin, Joy Finzi (artist, sculptor, poet, musician and wife of Gerald Finzi) and critic, musician and musicologist Marian Scott. Some of his poems and song lyrics are reproduced, but often over garish backgrounds that distract from the text itself. Critical and theoretical essays written by Gurney, such as 'The Springs of Music', are included with the site. There are also some recordings of his works, which may be played with the QuickTime plug-in. There are sections on Gurney's music and poetry and the 'bibliography' area includes recordings, books and articles pertaining to Gurney, scores of music by Gurney and a published music works list. Links are provided to other websites with material on Gurney and his contemporary British composers. An email discussion list enables users to exchange views and information about Gurney.
'J. H. Prynne: a Checklist' is a full online bibliography of the work of the English poet J. H. Prynne, regarded by many as one of the most important post-war English poets. Compiled by Nate Dorwood (editor of Canadian poetry magazine, The Gig), the site lists all of Prynne's chapbooks (small press productions that are sometimes difficult to find), as well as his uncollected poetry. A very useful detailed bibliography of Prynne's prose works (including the brilliant essay from 1988, English Poetry and Emphatical Language'), as well as the growing body of secondary work (much of which is also to be found in small press journals) is also provided. This resource would be of use to anyone studying English poetry, or researching Prynne himself.
'Jabberwocky Variations' is a website devoted to translations and parodies of Lewis Carroll's popular poem, 'The Jabberwocky', first published in 'Through the Looking Glass, and what Alice Found There'. The original poem, renowned for its inventive use of portmanteau and suggestive nonce words, has been translated into almost 30 different languages. This site hosts 58 separate translations, into 29 languages including Afrikaans, Choctaw, Czech, Esperanto, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Klingon (incomplete), Latin, Russian, Spanish, Welsh, and Yiddish. In addition to the translations there are 23 parodies on the site. A more useful section consists of extracts from Carroll's original text, including Humpty Dumpty's exegesis. Carroll's own interpretative suggestions and pronunciation guides (from his correspondence) are also reproduced on the site, as are a few short notes on the origins of the poem, and comments on the difficulties facing its translators.
JAC is an ejournal devoted to the... "interdisciplinary study of rhetoric, writing, culture, and politics". The journal is published from, and supported by, Illinois State University. Nearly 20 years of journal issues are freely available online, offering articles in HTML form. At May 2009, these free issues run from Winter 1980 until Spring 1998 (Vol.18, No.2). Thereafter, only tables of contents are available - although even in these there is a very occasional free article, and some of these later issues also offer full-text reviews. Example articles that are freely available include: 'Bakhtin at Home and Abroad'; 'The Emergence of the Feminine Voice, 1526-1640: The Earliest Published Books by English Renaissance Women'; and 'Cultural Composition: Stuart Hall on Ethnicity and the Discursive Turn', among others. The website has full details of subscriptions, the editors and Editorial Board, and contact details. Originally, JAC was the "Journal of Advanced Composition". This may be an especially useful archive for those seeking to trace some of the intellectual debates of the 1980s and 1990s, in regard to the politics of the teaching of English Literature.
This second issue of John Tranter's Jacket Magazine (ISSN 1440-4737) focusses upon the contemporary American modernist poet John Ashbery (b. 1927). Included are: Tranter's interviews with Ashbery in April 1985 and May 1998; An essay by Professor Marjorie Perloff, 'Normalising John Asbery' on the relationship between Ashbery's work and a modernist poetic; An essay by Tranter, 'Three John Ashberys: An Introduction', which offers a discussion of Ashbery's career in terms of the poet's literary personas, authorial presence and the reception of his work. The issue also features five papers on Bob Perelman's 'The Marginalization of Poetry' from 'The Impercipient Lecture Series', Vol. I, issue 4 (1997) and a selection of prose and poetry from contributors. Several of the poems are dedicated to Ashbery, including Australian poet, John Kinsella's 'Honest, Theocritus!' Among the prose contributions is a peice by Kent Johnson on the controversy surrounding the possibly aprocryphal claim of the Japanese poet, Araki Yasusada to be a Hiroshima survivor.
Jacket Magazine is a free online journal of contemporary English-language poetry and poetics, edited by the Australian poet, John Tranter. Although intended as a forum for new poetries and poetics in the English-speaking world, the magazine has special issues on writers working in other languages. Jacket promotes the work of writers working outside the mainstream - in Britain, poets such as those associated with the so-called 'Cambridge School' - and encourages discussion of formalist, neo-modernist and post-modernist poetics. The journal also reviews published collections, and as a result is at the forefront of the development of new critical discourses. One of the best resources for the new poetries, the magazine attracts well-known contributors from the English-speaking avant garde, as well as new writers. The site is simple to use, and easy to read on screen.
This online resource is dedicated to the life and work of James Dickey, the American poet and novelist, born in Georgia in 1923, died in 1997. The website hosts James Dickey Society and James Dickey Newsletter. The Society was founded in 1990, its main function being to continue the 'James Dickey Newsletter' (ISSN 0749-0291), whose publication began in 1984. This site provides subscription information, but unfortunately it does not give electronic access to any of the issues. There is also a 'Biographical Sketch' of Dickey and a useful bibliography of his primary works ('Research' section). There are pages about the Society and 'Events' in which it is involved (curiously, however, none are listed), as well as contact details of scholars working on Dickey, and a page of links to other relevant websites. While this site provides some basic information about Dickey, and as such it may offer some useful introduction to the writer, it certainly is too limited in scope and content to be of further scholarly use.
This website is one of the outcomes of an AHRB (and subsequently AHRC) funded research project which assisted the work of the Stirling/South Carolina Research Edition of the Complete Works of James Hogg. Hogg was a Scottish poet and novelist whose work has been overlooked “because his social origins led to his being smothered in genteel condescension”. Inadequate editions have led him to be regarded as a ‘minor’ figure, and the Stirling/South Carolina Research Edition aims to rectify this. The website aims to supplement the published editions through: a full listing of early American publications of Hogg texts; the full text of a previously unrecorded Hogg short story, 'Death at Sea'; a full listing of early sheet publications of Hogg's songs with digitised reproductions of selected song-sheets and texts of the songs; downloadable recordings of performances of Hogg songs; peer-reviewed articles related to ongoing research.
This website offers an online transcription of the text of the 1796 London edition of “James MacPherson’s ‘The Poems of Ossian’”. The Ossian poems, first published in the 1760s, were initially marketed as translations of lost Scottish bardic epics, but were soon identified as being largely the products of MacPherson’s imagination. Nevertheless, they were hugely influential, contributing to Romantic Celtic myths and inspiring later poets. The text here, although presented as a facsimile copy of the 1796 edition and adhering to the layout and pagination of its source, seems rather to have been entered by hand. The footnotes of the copy text have been retained and occasional notes regarding textual variations inserted. The dissertations on the area and poems of Ossian have also been transcribed from the 1796 edition. However, some pages of the second volume have not yet been fully transcribed and even though the website contains links to “forthcoming” additions, these have not been added. Indeed, at the time of writing in June 2009, this resource has not been updated since 2003.
Jane Zatta's Chaucer: The Canterbury Tales is the work of Professor Jane Zatta of Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. The site is designed as a resource for undergraduates, and essentially provides illustrated notes on the Tales, together with a gateway to relevant Chaucer web resources. The site is divided into three categories: context; tales and background; and other Chaucer and medieval resources. There are links to full-text copies of the canon of John Lydgate and works of John Gower, as well as to works by: Dante; Boccaccio; Augustine; and Langland. Additional links provide full-text Middle and Modern English editions of The Canterbury Tales, as well as essays on the work. The links are not annotated.
These pages provide a useful introduction to the life and work of Jean Toomer (1894-1967) the influential black American poet and novelist, who was a leading figure in the Harlem Renaissance and the author of Cane, an experimental novel (1923). There is a substantial biography of Toomer, written by Scott W. Williams, a selection of Toomer's poetry, a small section of photographs of Toomer, extracts from his stories, a selection articles he wrote on racial matters, and a Toomer bibliography (being largely the sources of the biography pages). Toomer was influenced by the teaching of George Ivanovitch Gurdjieff, and there are links to relevant web pages on this subject, as well as to other pages relating to Toomer.
'Jeffers Studies' pages provide an online version of a scholarly journal, published quarterly, with tri-quarterly issues continuing the 'Robinson Jeffers Newsletter'. The journal is devoted to the work and figure of the American poet Robinson Jeffers (1887-1962), who was born in Pennsylvania but spent much of his life in California. This significant site contains a variety of resources for the study of the man and his poetry. A full-text archive of the current and back issues of the journal is available, along with the issues 80-100 of the Newsletter (in PDF format). There is a substantial biographical article on Jeffers by Robert Brophy, and links to other biographical sources. The site also features several substantial bibliographies of Jeffers' works, and criticism of his works (mainly compiled by Brophy). There is access to the full-text of a number of relevant book reviews, and to two articles on teaching Jeffers. Other pages are devoted to an email discussion forum, details of ongoing projects, information about the Robinson Jeffers Association, and links to other related online resources. Considering its diversity and comprehensive character, this website will not only be a useful introduction to Robinson Jeffers, but it will also provide material for scholarly study of the poet and his work.
The Web page relating to John Betjeman's library provides information on Exeter University's archival collection of works from Betjeman's working library. Comprising more than 4,000 items, the collection reflects Betjeman's keen interest in the following areas: 19th to 20th century architecture; 19th-century English poetry; English topography; and parish church architecture and history. The site includes: a brief biography of Betjeman; the history of the collection; viewing details; and, most importantly, a link to the university library's online catalogue containing details of the books Betjeman owned. This online catalogue of Betjeman's library is a valuable reference tool and serves as a good point of departure prior to consulting the collection directly.
This website is authorised by the estate of John Betjeman. It contains information about the life and work of English poet laureat John Betjeman (1906-1984). It includes access to a brief biography, a bibliography of his writings (including poetry, prose, audio recordings and DVDs) and photographs. A large number of his poems are printed in full on the site including 'Myfanwy' (1940), Trebetherick' (1940), Middlesex' (1954) 'Back from Australia' (1974) and many others. Also available is information about the work of the John Betjeman Society, with details on membership and forthcoming events. Details of the annual John Betjeman Young People's Poetry Competition is included.
The John Clare Page is dedicated to the life and work of the English Romantic poet, John Clare (1793-1864).The site provides complete online editions of Clare's poetry, including The Shepherd's Calendar (1827) and The Village Minstrel and Other Poems (1821). A selection of Clare's best-known poetry is also highlighted on the site. The poems are listed by title, with links to the full-text of the poem. Many of the poems have been annotated. In addition, a sample of Clare's prose, entitled Popularity in Authorship (1824), is available online. This essay has been helpfully edited and annotated with a critical introduction.There is a chronology of Clare's life and writing, as well as a selection of portraits and engravings of the author. There is a link to the John Clare Society (including an index to their John Clare Society Journal) and other resources on the web, and a detailed bibliography of Clare criticism, with many articles available online. This site is an excellent resource for early work on John Clare and for more advanced research.
The website of the John Donne Journal promotes a scholarly journal devoted to the life and work of the poet and priest, famous for his metaphysical love poetry and sermons. The journal also publishes articles on other 16th- and 17th-century poetry and prose, and related bibliographic studies. The site provides: tables of contents from the journal's inception in 1982 onwards; a list of the editors (many of whom are well known in this field); and details of the journal's submissions policy. The website is published by North Carolina State University, and consists of one long page with navigation links up and down as appropriate. While there are no full-text articles available here, this site will be of use to postgraduate and possibly undergraduate researchers who need to find the journal's contents and do not have access to the printed copies.
'John Donne online' is a website dedicated entirely to this 17-century English metaphysical poet. It contains electronic texts of most of Donne's poetry, and a few of his sermons. An interesting search engine enables users to quickly locate particular words or phrases in any of the listed works by Donne. The site also features some audio recordings of his poems. The drawback of this resource is the size of the collection it presents; it is far less substantial than, for example, the one at luminarium.org. The resource is a part of the Global Language Resources site, which also offers a special illustrated edition of Shakespeare's work, and other collections, such as Blake's poetry or different editions of the Bible. These, however, are available mainly in DjVu format, and relevant software is required (DjVuLibre) to view those pages. 'John Donne online' is essentially a nicely presented fan-page, and consequently, it lacks the bibliographical references and textual notes required for serious scholarly research. It may, however, prove useful to students and enthusiasts of Donne's work, who are in search of copies of individual poems.
This is the website of the John Donne Society, which exists to promote and discuss Donne's life and writing. John Donne (1572-1631) was a metaphysical poet, best known today for his bold and innovative love poetry, who later became a priest, and ended his life as Dean of St. Paul's, a very famous preacher and sermon-writer. The website's home page contains a brief history of the society and contact details, with links to pages with details of its annual conference, other relevant conferences, the Donne Variorum Project and the John Donne Journal home page. There is also information on the history of the society, a list of its officers and a list of links to other similar resources for researchers in the Early Modern period. The site is hosted by Oakland University and run by a very reputable team of scholars. It is clearly designed and runs smoothly. It is mainly of interest to postgraduate researchers but undergraduates with a particular interest in Donne may also find it useful.
John Hegley's Word Wild Web Site provides an introduction to the work of British comic poet John Hegley (1953-). The website: promotes Hegley's tours; advertises his collections of poetry; and provides some samples of his oeuvre, as well as linking to Hegley interviews and poetry-related sites. This is an amusing website, although not strong on scholarly material.
The John Lyly Web pages are part of the Luminarium Sixteenth Century Renaissance English Literature (1485-1603) website, and provide an introduction to the life and works of this Elizabethan poet and playwright. John Lyly (1554-1606) became instantly famous with the publication of the prose romance 'Euphues, or the Anatomy of Wit' (1578) and its sequel 'Euphues and His England' (1580). The elaborate prose style that was modelled on Lyly was called Euphuism and became the fashion of the 1580s. Lyly gained control of Blackfriars Theatre and wrote a number of prose comedies including 'Endymion: The Man in the Moon' (1586-7) and 'Love's Metamorphosis' (1589). The website provides a brief biography of Lyly, as well as links to online texts of his works and related essays and articles. Students and researchers working on the period would find this resource of interest.
Under construction since 1993, this resource, hosted by the Institute of English Studies, University of London, is dedicated to the life and work of John Masefield (1878-1967), Poet Laureate (1930-1967). It will contain corrections and additions to Philip W. Errington's forthcoming John Masefield bibliography, a database of dust-jackets for the work of John Masefield, and the Web pages of the John Masefield Society; of these, only the latter section is fully functional at the moment. In addition, the author is considering providing limited access to an electronic bibliography based on work undertaken in 1999.The dust-jacket project database will contain entries related to books and pamphlets written by John Masefield, to books he has edited or contributed to, and to published collections of his letters. The Society pages contain a biographical sketch, selected works, the programme of Society events, information about the Society's journal and other publications, membership and contact details, a list of related publications for sale, and a collection of links.
John Milton and seventeenth century culture accompanies an exhibition at the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections at the Thomas Cooper Library, University of South Carolina which was organised by Patrick Scott. The site is mainly biographical, and its chief interest lies in the references to rare seventeenth century volumes which prompt each biographical detail. One of the greatest and most influential English poets, Milton, was a Puritan and used his writing to advocate the cause of the Parliamentarians during the Civil War. The sections of the website are divided into Milton's early years; Italy and the 1640s; his involvement in the Civil War; Paradise Lost and his other major works, such as Paradise Regained and Samson Agonistes; his posthumous reputation from the time of his death to the nineteenth century; and a selective bibliography.
The 'John Milton Lecture Hall' is a sometimes vibrant online message board and discussion group provided by Jollyroger.com, where undergraduates and others with a general interest in the writings of John Milton can share and discuss ideas. The site features both a message board and a real-time chat facility, and is of use primarily to undergraduate students wishing to share ideas about this poet, pamphlet writer and author of the Protestant epic, 'Paradise Lost'. The message facility includes options to post both URLs and images along with questions and thoughts on Milton's work. Expect the occasional popup window. Milton (1608-74) studied at Christ's College, Cambridge and is best known for his 'Paradise Lost', although he also produced much other work including verse, masques and political pamphlets on the subjects of divorce and censorship.
The John Milton Reading Room has been developed since 1997 as a collaborative venture between Thomas Luxton (Associate Professor of English at Dartmouth) and his students. The works available in electronic form are extensive. Poems include: Poems (1645 and also the additions from Poems, etc. Upon Several Occasions (1673)), Latin Poems from Milton's Commonplace Book, Paradise Lost (1674), Paradise Regain'd (1671), Samson Agonistes (1671). Prose includes: Areopagitica, Colasterion, The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce, Of Education. Many of the texts include hypertext links to brief commentary or glossary. There is also an extensive bibliography of recent Milton criticism. The site has recieved a number of awards, including the Bess Award and the Swan Award.
'John Skelton (ca.1460-1529)' is a website created by Anniina Jokinen as part of the Luminarium English literature Web pages. This site offers links to a selection of: bibliographical; biographical; and critical works on John Skelton, scurrilous poet laureate of Henry the Eighth and rector of Diss. Perhaps the most useful feature of the site is the inclusion of an extensive number of Skelton's verses, including full transcriptions of: 'The Bowge of Courte'; 'Colin Clowte'; 'The Tunnyng of Elynour Rummyng'; and of his court satire, the play 'Magnyfycence'. The quality of linked critical articles and essays is variable. Luminarium is an independent bibliographical resource started by Anniina Jokinen in 1996 and provides critical references ranging from medieval to contemporary literature. The site is a useful introduction for students to Skelton and his works.
The homepage of John Stathatos contains free full-text copies of his significant essays on photography, including: 'A Vindication of Tlon: Photography and the Fantastic'; 'A Conditional Presence: Women Landscape Photographers in Europe'; 'Fleeting Arcadias: Thirty years of British landscape photography'; and an appreciation of British/Hungarian photographer Mari Mahr. There are also two essays on Ian Hamilton Finlay's famous Little Sparta garden in Scotland, with eight photographs made by Stathatos at the garden from 1981 to 1997. There are translations of modern Greek poets such as Seferis. Parts of this website are also available in Greek. This site would interest art students as well as those studying Greek literature in translation.
On May 22, 2008, John Updike (1932-2009) delivered the 37th Jefferson Lecture in the Humanities at the Warner Theatre in Washington, D.C. This website, from the National Endowment for the Humanities, includes a transcript of Updike's lecture and a link to the video of same. It also includes a collection of material by and about novelist, poet, essayist, and critic John Updike, who won Pulitzer Prizes for two works in his famous 'Rabbit' series of fiction: 'Rabbit is Rich' (1981) and 'Rabbit at Rest' (1990). It features a biography by Steve Moyer; an interview with Updike by Bruce Cole (then NEH Chairman); an appreciation by journalist and author Adam Gopnik; and a bibliography divided as follows: Monographs/ Selected works edited by Updike/ Selected Introductions/ Selected reviews of his work/ Selected critical resources. Background information about the Jefferson Lecture, which was established in 1972 as "the highest honor the federal government bestows for distinguished intellectual and public achievement in the humanities", is provided. Updike's lecture was on American art and attempted to answer the question: "What is American about American art?"
John-Keats.com is a well-presented website devoted to the writings of the Romantic poet John Keats (1795-1817). It provides a brief biography of the poet, accompanied by extracts from the text of the much more detailed 1887 biography by Sir Sidney Colvin. The texts of most of Keats's major poems are also available on the site, including the famous odes 'To a Nightingale' and 'On a Grecian Urn', as well as more than twenty of Keats's letters. A 'forums' section offers a number of email discussion lists (although not necessarily scholarly). Students requiring an introduction to Keats would find this site of interest. The site was developed in association with Amazon.com and contains an online shop.
The website of The Johnson Society of London is devoted to an organisation which was founded in 1928 as a focus for students and researchers interested in the life, writing and milieu of one of the key figures in eighteenth century literature. Dr Johnson (1709-1784) is most famous for his 'Dictionary of the English Language' (1755) and as the subject of a biography by James Boswell which was published in 1791 but he was also a prolific essayist, poet and political satirist. The website provides: details of membership; a Johnson bibliography; related links; and the tables of contents for editions of the 'New Rambler', the annual journal of the society. The select annotated bibliography offers useful information on the various editions of Johnson's works, journals dedicated to his writings, and contemporary and current biographies.
The 'Journal For The Study of British Cultures' (1994-) is a scholarly journal edited and published in Germany, but printed in English. The journal aims "to provide a platform for the study and discussion of diverse ‘British’ cultural forms through in-depth articles, case studies, reviews, etc". At June 2010 there are details of 25 issues online, along with all the information that one would expect to find of the website of a major academic journal. Issues have abstracts, detailed contents lists, including the titles of book reviewed. The journal aims to "transcend traditional disciplinary boundaries", and covers a wide range of cultural topics. Issues are themed. This journal may offer British scholars a refreshing 'outside view' on British culture, and English-language reviews of material published only in German. There are details of submission procedures and also how to subscribe.
Journal of Ecocriticism: A New Journal of Nature, Society and Literature is a full-text peer-reviewed ejournal. At October 2009 the journal has published two issues (both 2009), with articles freely available online in PDF form. Example article titles include: 'From Sublimity to Ecopornography: Assessing The Bureau of Reclamation Art Collection'; 'The Post Natural Wilderness & Its Writers'; 'Seamus Heaney's Elemental Ecopoetics: Earth, Water, Air and Fire'; and 'Land of Heart's Desire: Inscribing the Australian Landscape', among others. Issues also have a Commentary section containing opinion articles. The journal is edited from British Columbia, Canada, with an international Editorial Advisory Board. The website has full details of the editors, and the article submission process.
'The Journal of Surrealism and the Americas' is a full-text open ejournal. At October 2008 there are two issues available online. The focus of this academic peer reviewed journal is... "the subject of modern European and American intellectuals' obsession with the 'New World'." Editions of the journal are themed, issue two being "Surrealism and Ethnography", and issue three being planned as "Surrealism and Photography". The website has full details of the editors, the editorial board, and the submission guidelines. The journal is supported by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
JustdoLit is an online tool designed primarily for analysing literary texts but which can also be applied to other media. The tool is designed for students and teachers of literary and cultural studies, enabling students to produce comprehensive analyses. This system uses a four-dimensional method of analysis to explore texts, the four dimensions being: individual; society; metaphysics; and nature. The website provides a summary of the genesis and use of four-dimensional analysis, as well as a more in-depth introduction to the method and to each of the four 'dimensions'. Sample texts and analyses are provided, including explorations of: 'An Irishman forsees His Death' by W. B. Yeats; 'The Eagle' by Tennyson; and even the lyrics to 'The Show Must Go On' by Queen. This tool would be of interest to literature students (English and other) at university level as well as cultural studies more generally (the site touches on modern film in its discussions, as well as music and poetry). Teachers will also find this an interesting tool to suggest to students as an alternative to other methods of literary analysis.
Kabita is a website offering a range of Assamese poetry in english, mostly in translation from the original. It is simple to use, being just a list of poets whose works are accessible by clicking on their names. As well as the list of poets and their works, the site also gives details of the publishing records and lives of the poets featured. There are also links to articles about Assamese poetry. This is a well-designed and maintained site which will be of use to anyone with an interest in international poetry, although it would be improved if more of the works of some of the poets could be put up on the site.
The website of the Keats-Shelley Association of America provides information about the Association and also its print journal, the 'Keats-Shelley Journal'. The site also provides: a searchable current bibliography (drawn from the 'Keats-Shelley Journal'); an archive of tables of contents from the journal; and details of current research grants, projects and work administered by the Association. As the name suggests, the Keats-Shelley Association is dedicated to promoting the study of the poets John Keats (1795-1821) and Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822), but also considers the work of Mary Shelley, Lord Byron, Leigh Hunt, and their circles. The site includes a useful list of links to other resources on the Romantic Poets. This site would be of interest to academics and students working specifically on Keats and Shelley or on Romantic literature more generally.
This website is dedicated to Kim Morrissey, a Canadian poet and playwright. Many of her works examine the role of women in nineteenth century culture, re-imagining the lives of historical figures. The website is run by the University of Toronto as part of the Canadian poetry website. The website contains a biography. Under ‘poems’ one can read six of the author’s poems. There is also a bibliography containing details of her published poetry. Under the section ‘other information’ one can view details of awards, a list of reviews, radio appearances, tours and readings, other related publications and links to other websites relating to Kim Morrissey.
King Arthur: a man for the ages is a website that explores Arthurian mythology and history. The site is the work of American enthusiast David White, who discusses Arthur both in the context of the literature that constitutes the Arthurian myths, and also in the context of British history, citing examples in historical literature for a real king or leader. The myth section of the site discusses Arthurian literature from authors such as: Chrétien de Troyes; Sir Thomas Malory; and Alfred, Lord Tennyson. The Arthurian History section discusses works by: Geoffrey of Monnmouth; Nennius; and William of Malmesbury, among others. Both areas of the site have good glossaries of the people and places involved in the relevant literatures, which are linked to from the discussions. This would make an interesting introduction for anyone studying Arthurian literature and legend.
The Kipling Society website is an extensive online resource devoted to the life and works of the British author Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936). Aside from information concerning the society and its workings, the site also provides a wealth of biographical and bibliographical materials, including: a chronology of the author's life; the texts of over 300 of Kipling's poems; a 'New Readers' Guide' to his works; a bibliography of works about Kipling; and short introductions to each of Kipling's works. The society also provides the full-text of 'The Kipling Journal' from its inception in 1927, up to two years prior to the current issue. The journal issues are somewhat difficult to read, being presented as text files without formatting or images, but the content can be searched by keyword to find relevant sections. There is also a 'Kipling Mailbase' to enable discussion on the author (available to members of the society only), as well as a number of images (cartoons and photographs) relating to the author. A private area on the site is accessible to paying members of the Kipling Society, membership of which includes subscription to the Kipling journal. This site would appeal to both the interested reader and the serious Kipling scholar.
'Knowing Poe' is Maryland Public TV's (MPT) website on Edgar Allan Poe, which was nominated for an education Webby Award in 2005. Although primarily aimed at school students and literary-minded parents looking for educational family activities, this site would also be of interest to older students reading Poe. Aside from the shadow of the Raven that glides over the site and the other imaginative visuals highlighting the classic association of Poe with the dark and mysterious, the site is full of valuable information that makes it well worth a look for any initial research on the author, his life and writing. The site is divided into the key topics: 'Poe the Person'; 'Poe the Writer'; and 'The Poe Library'. Each of these has a number of sub-headings and at least one interactive feature, including a timeline of Poe's life, contextualised by significant dates in literary and world history. Also included are: facsimiles of primary source documents; annotated poems; critical analysis; and suggestions for further research. Essays and letters by Poe on life and literature and copies of his poems in his own hand with corrections add to the value of the material in this collection, as well as the performance interpretations, and links to further resources on the site.
Kybernekyia is a website designed and developed under the direction of Gail McDonald, formerly of the University of North Carolina. The site provides an e-text of Ezra Pound's Canto LXXXI, with a hypertext glossary to the more obscure references contained within the poem. Clicking on the image of an aged Pound above the Canto calls up a passage from Hugh Kenner's 'The Pound Era', describing the biographical background which informed the poem, namely Pound's imprisonment for his Fascist broadcasts on Italian radio during World War II. However as the use of 'hypervortext' in the website's subtitle implies, the project is more than simply a reference tool. The site also provides an accompanying essay, explaining how the physical act of using hypertext to leap from one source to another compliments Pound's desire to accumulate images and references within single words and then release them. Those studying or researching Pound and the Modernist movement would find this resource of particular interest.
L. E. L's verses and the Keepsake for 1829 is an online full-text reproduction of items from 'The Keepsake', a magazine popular with fashionable women, published between 1827-1857. The red silk bound publication contained engravings of socialites, images of exotic locations, and illustrations of romantic stories, as well as poetry and prose, and was always conservative in content. This website gives details on the magazine including: the purpose; the intended audience; the publication; and those that edited the profitable journal. Among the materials reproduced from 1829 are: 'The Country Girl' by William Wordsworth; verses by Letitita Elizabeth Landon; and an engraving of Georgiana, Duchess of Bedford. There is also a brief biography of Letitia Elizabeth Landon and her involvement in the magazine. The background material on the journal provided by the editors is well researched and cited, and could be of use to those studying 19th-century culture, media, women's studies, and even engraving.
The Labouring-Class Writers Project studies the history and culture of the working classes, focusing mainly on Britain, Ireland and Scotland in the 18th and 19th centuries. The project is based at the Raymond Williams Centre for Recovery Research at Nottingham Trent University. The main resource in production by the project is an expanded version of a biographical and bibliographical database of British and Irish labouring-class poets working in the period 1700-1900 (initially developed under an Arts and Humanities Research Council grant). The database is not available on the project website at the time of writing, but is promised in fully-searchable form in the near future. A full list of poets included in the database is currently available, along with a description of the database structure and a number of brief biographies of some of the writers. GCSE-level resources for schools are also promised for the school year 2009-10, as well as exhibitions of works by labouring-class poets. As it develops this resource promises to be a useful and interesting source of information for students of English poetry and social history.
Nandina Das, University of Cambridge, maintains this website dedicated to the life and works of the English poet Lady Mary Wroth (1587?-1651?). Wroth was the niece of Sir Philip Sidney and, as well as performing in several Jacobean court masques, she wrote the first original work of prose fiction in English, by a woman, 'The Countesse of Montgomerie's Urania'. The site features: the poet's biography, links to electronic services providing etexts of Wroth's works, and other relevant online resources; a complete primary and secondary bibliography; a list of suggested basic background reading; images from texts featuring dedications to Wroth, and even one of Wroth's coat of arms from Henry Peacham's 'The Compleat Gentleman' (1622). The site offers a useful search facility and a text only version is also provided.
This project began as part of the centennial celebration for the author Langston Hughes (1902-1967). At the centre of this project was a symposium Let American be America again, held at the University of Kansas in February 2002. This site has a detailed agenda for the symposium, and includes transcripts of some of the sessions together with streaming audio files. A related event was a Poetry Circle presentation, and the site includes transcripts of each of the four sessions and audio files for two of the sessions. The site also gives access to the full-text (in PDF) of Carmaletta M. Williams' Reading & remembering: Langston Hughes, a reader's guide. There is also information relating to a credit course on Hughes at the University of Kansas and access to an online discussion forum called Langston Hughes Poetry Circle. These pages form a considerable resource for the study of current views on the work of Langston Hughes.
This web-edition of texts of Joseph Addison's Latin poetry, with English prose translations, edited by Dana F. Sutton, is part of the Philogical Museum hosted by the Shakespeare Institute, University of Birmingham. The Addison pages are part of the 'Bibliography of Neo-Latin Texts on the Web' section of the Philological Museum collection. The pages are presented as a hypertext critical edition in book-layout, with a table of contents, including 'Introduction', 'Texts' and 'Translation', with the additional feature of links to other sites of interest. Both the introduction and the text are footnoted, providing references and commentary. The text is based on A. C. Guthkelch's 1914 edition of Addison's Miscellaneous Works. This is a clear, functional hypertext that provides the academic necessities but without many extras.
Leigh Hunt Online is the website of a research project run by the University of Iowa Libraries Special Collections and Archives. The project is working to digitise the letters of the Romantic writer, editor and critics, Leigh Hunt, who was a contemporary of Shelley, Keats and Byron. At the time of writing the project is in its initial phase, working to digitise 1600 letters from the Brewer-Hunt collection, held at the University of Iowa and bring them together with previously made (unpublished) transcripts held at the University of Toledo and elsewhere. Future phases of the project will involve international cooperation between libraries with Leigh Hunt holdings, and scholars of the Romantic period, in order to gather together information on the location of other letters by Leigh Hunt, together with further images and transcripts where possible. The website provides a brief biography of Leigh Hunt and the aims, methodology and standards of the project, together with: details of Iowa's Leigh Hunt collection; project staff; and a number of digitised letters and transcripts, including some to and from Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley. The digitised letters are presented as high quality images, with a description and transcript on the same page. Those researching or studying Romantic period English literature would find this an interesting and enlightening resource.
This website, administered by the Govett-Brewster Art Gallery in New Plymouth, New Zealand, is devoted to the archives and studio collection of New Zealand-born direct filmmaker, kinetic artist, painter, poet and theorist Len Lye, who is known as New Zealand's most widely-known modernist artist. The website contains information on his life, works and the Len Lye Foundation, which is empowered to collect his artworks in New Zealand and reproduce, sell and promote his films. The foundation's archives are housed at the Govett-Brewster Art Gallery. There is news of the development of a Len Lye centre being developed to allow the collection to be accessed by more visitors and there is a list of exhibitions and the Friends of Len group.
Les Murray is a site devoted to the poetry of Les Murray (1938-), the prize-winning contemporary Australian poet. The site is authorised by the poet. A selection of Murray's shorter poems are published on the site, as well as extracts from Freddy Neptune: A Novel in Verse (Sydney: Duffy & Snellgrove, 1998), and a number of recent uncollected poems. The site includes a brief biography of Murray by his official biographer, Peter Alexander. There are also extracts from Alexander's biography, Les Murray: A Life in Progress (Oxford, Melbourne, USA: Oxford University Press, 2000) and from a critical study of Murray by Steven Matthews. A comprehensive bibliography lists Murray's works of prose and poetry, translations, poetry volumes edited by Murray, and critical studies of his work. There is also a set of useful links to biographical resources, Les Murray's publishers, online translations of his poetry, recommended poetry sites, interviews, reviews and others.This is an excellent introductory site to the work of Murray, and worth visiting by those with an interest in Australian literature or contemporary poetry.
The Les Murray author page promotes the writings of this Australian poet and essayist. Murray's publications include the acclaimed verse novel 'Fredy Neptune', the 'Subhuman Redneck Poems', and his latest collection, 'Poems the Size of Photographs'. His work is frequently studied in Australian schools and the website includes an extensive page of 'reading notes' intended to provide students with more of an insight into the mind of the author. These notes basically consist of Murray writing about his education and formative years; they contain little analysis of the actual poems. Elsewhere on the site, there is a brief list of Murray's major publications, most of which link to a sample poem. There is also a chronology of Murray's life. This site should prove interesting to anyone studying Murray, but could do with a few more primary texts for the benefit of the uninitiated.
LibriVox is the website of an open volunteer-run project that aims to "make all public domain books available as free audio books". As of May 2007, there appears to be over 600 audio books available, for download as either standard MP3 or OGG audio files. Complete audio books can be downloaded in a standard Windows ZIP file, or individual chapters can be downloaded via a direct link to the relevant audio file. Some books are read by different people for different chapters. All recordings are placed in the public domain, and may be used for any use including commercial uses.
The Life and Work of John Keats is a website that hosts a good selection of texts by and about John Keats (1795-1821), the Romantic poet and author of such works as 'Ode on a Grecian Urn' and 'To Autumn'. Resources available on the site include: a biography; timeline; selected poems and letters; images of the poet; and descriptions and opinions offered by Keat's contemporaries. The texts of all of the major poems are included on the site, along with several lesser-known pieces. Digitised images of several of Keats's original manuscripts are also provided, including those of the 'Ode to a Nightingale' and part of 'Hyperion' (size and detail of the images varies). As well as selected letters by Keats, the site features transcripts of Joseph Severn's letters from Rome, describing the poet's last months. A bibliography and annotated list of related links are also provided. Although not the work of a professional scholar, this is an extensive and useful resource which would be of particular interest to A-Level students, and also to undergraduates who are new to Keats.
The Life and Works of Lord Byron is a website which provides: a selection of Byron's poems; contemporary and critical opinions of the man and his poetry; and biographical information. George Gordon Noel Byron, 6th Baron Byron (1788-1824) was one of the most famous Romantic poets, known as much for his flamboyant lifestyle and his lovers as for his poems. His best known works include 'Childe Harold's Pilgrimage' and 'Don Juan'. The website provides a short biography of Byron, plus extended accounts of his relationships with Lady Caroline Lamb and Anne Isabella Milbanke. Most of his major poems are present, complemented by transcriptions of several of his letters. There is also a section describing Byron's relationship with his contemporary, John Keats. A gallery of images of Byron, his friends and family, is also provided, as are: a bibliography; an annotated list of web links; and a news section. Although not the work of a professional scholar, this is an extensive and interesting resource which would be of particular interest to A-Level students and undergraduates new to Byron.
The Life and Works of William Butler Yeats is an online exhibition from the National Library of Ireland. The exhibition contains a 20-image biographical Virtual Tour, and a 360-degree interactive panorama of the critically-acclaimed physical gallery exhibition. The online exhibition also contains a video masterclass and an analysis relating to the poem Sailing to Byzantium. There are also details of the Yeats Book Crossing arts project in which... "250 anthologies of poetry by WB Yeats were ... left on trains, buses, cafés, pubs, hotels and public spaces throughout the city", and a related My Yeats Family Trail.
Karl Young is a poet and a publisher of poetry under the imprint 'Light & Dust', based in Kenosha, Wisconsin. This extensive online anthology aims to present 'late 20th - early 21st Century poetry from a number of different points of view and means of presentation'. The focus is mainly on American poetry, but resources related to, for example, contemporary Hungarian poets are also included. The Anthology consists partly of work originally published by Young as well as work from other publishers. A substantial number of authors are represented, and there is work by many significant names, including Theodore Enslin, Jackson Mac Low, Michael McClure, bp Nichol, Kenneth Patchen and Carl Rakosi. There are extensive links to related critical material and to home pages of some of the contributors. This site is also the host of an online visual poetry magazine entitled 'Kaldron', which includes poetry, criticism and reviews. Karl Young explains the rationale behind this anthology in his essay 'Toward an Ideal Anthology' (accessed via his home page). One drawback of this resource is the layout - as the main sections are not displayed on the same page, the user has to scroll down a long list of resources, without any indication where particular items might be located.
Literary Kicks is a site devoted to experimental literary movements. The movements include the Beat generation, the American transcendentalists, the French aesthetes (referred to by the site as "La Boheme"), more recent French writers, and a grouping of postmodern experimental novelists (referred to by the site as "hippie writers and latter-day Beats"). They are also interested in the use of the Internet for writing. Within each movement, the life and works of individual writers are briefly discussed. Individual writers featured include Jack Kerouac; Allen Ginsberg; Henry David Thoreau; Ralph Waldo Emerson; Paul Verlaine; William Blake; Thomas Pynchon; and Charles Bukowski. There is also a discussion board which is not restricted to discussion of the above movements. It includes postings of journal entries and random musings. The site is not recommended as a source of scholarly information or discussion but may be of interest to devotees of experimental and avant-garde literature.
This is the website of the internet version of 'The Literary Review: An International Journal of Contemporary Writing', which has been published quarterly by Fairleigh Dickinson University since 1957. Its many special issues have introduced new fiction, poetry, and essays from many nations, regions, or languages to English readers. Issues focus on such topics as contemporary fiction in Portugese, Iranian exiles, new Irish writing, North African authors, and Philippine fiction and poetry. These special issues are all listed on the website which includes selections from the current issue and back issues from 1996. The full text of articles and reviews can be downloaded in PDF. 'TLR Web' includes extra articles for which there was no space in the printed version. Work from 22 winners of the Nobel Prize in Literature has appeared in the TLR including Günther Grass, Wole Soyinka, Elias Canetti, Seamus Heaney and Boris Pasternak.
Perry Middlemass provides this online resource dedicated to the works of a diverse range of Australian writers from the 19th century to the present date. He provides bibliographies, short biographical notes, information about awards and literary prizes and links to his two other resources: a literary blog Matilda and Larrikin software (not working). Dust jacket synopses and brief excerpts from the works of some of the authors featured are also provided, the latter including some of the verses of C. J. Dennis and A.B. "Banjo" Paterson. The emphasis is upon white Australian literature, although Xavier Herbert, the Aboriginal winner of the 1975 Miles Franklin Award, is featured. Middlemiss' stated purpose for providing this website is to compensate for the relative anonymity of many Australian authors compared to their American and English counterparts.
Literature collection is an online library of English literature, including full texts of more than 70 books and 600 short stories. Texts can be searched by author or title keyword, or browsed via lists of authors and titles. All the texts provided are in the public domain, but the publishers ask that texts not be duplicated or transmitted without their permission. Each work is divided into sections, according to the original chapters of the printed books, with links to each chapter clearly delineated. The website also gives short biographies of each author, which although not scholarly, provide a good basic introduction to authors including: Jane Austen; Lewis Carroll; Charles Dickens; Lord Byron; the Brothers Grimm; Jonathan Swift; and Virgina Woolf. The texts are provided without any notes or annotations, but are a useful resource as they are often the best known works of these authors, including titles such as: 'Alice in Wonderland'; Oliver Twist'; Gulliver's Travels'; and 'Pride and Prejudice'.
The Literature Collection Web pages are part of the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections and consist of a diverse selection of literature, useful across all levels of study. The collection includes: texts from the medieval to the modern; in translation and the original languages; classic and contemporary poetry; and a 'rich vein of information' on James Joyce. The texts are accessed as electronic facsimiles. With a deliberate policy of diversity of content, the collection is aimed at both serious researchers and those interested in broadening their awareness of literary and non-literary texts. Material in the collection includes: 'Beowulf : A New Translation for Oral Delivery'; 'The Deipnosophists, or, Banquet of the Learned of Athenaeus'; 'Fables' by Robert Louis Stevenson; The Nordic Translation Series; The Robert Southey Collection; Selected Works of Edith Nash; and the Wisconsin Literary Magazine. Related materials are included, as well as background and/or biographical information, as appropriate for each text. A full search engine is available and works can also be browsed by: author; subcollection; and title. The site is attractively presented and user-friendly.
Literature for Children is a collection of digitised images and texts from 19th and 20th-century American and British children's books. The collection draws from the Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature (Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, University of Florida), as well as from collections held in the Departments of Special Collections at: the Florida Atlantic University; Florida State University; and the University of South Florida. The site provides images from around 600 works, some consisting of full texts, and others of sample pages and the covers. The images are of good quality, and are provided as JPEG and PDF files. Some of the materials are available for educational use only, while others are subject to copyright or in the public domain. The size of the collection allows for some comparison between editions of the same work (for example several versions of 'Robinson Crusoe' by Daniel Defoe are included), as well as providing a variety of types of work, ranging from picture books to collections of rhymes, to novels. Items can be browsed by title and author, and searched by title or author keyword, or by keywords within the full text. The website describes the collections, and also provides copyright information and related links. This resource would interest book historians, as well as those researching or studying children's fiction and English and American literature.
Literature Online (LION) is a fully searchable library of more than a third of a million works of poetry, prose and drama in English, plus full-text literary journals, biographies and key criticism and reference resources including the Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature. Content dates from the 7th century to the present day. The digital versions include annotations by the author, critical apparatus, and any images and illustrations of the print version being digitised. These have been encoded in SGML (recording structural information such as paragraph breaks, chapters and page numbering), although the texts are delivered as HTML Web pages. The electronic texts maintain spelling and orthographic idiosyncrasies. The databases can be cross-searched by author, title and keyword. Individual databases have other search functions. Access is via institutional subscription. Literature Online is available to UK HE/FE institutions under a national license agreement negotiated by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This description is based upon that provided by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
The Litline website is dedicated to the Independent Literary Community, defined here as non-commercial literary presses and magazines, and the writers who publish with them. It is based on the work of the Unit for Contemporary Literature at Illinois State University. Established in the 1994-1995 academic year as a National Center for the Literary Arts, this vast and comprehensive resource will be of interest of English and American Studies students studying contemporary poetry, prose and fiction. The website is divided into different sections, each of them linking to a variety of publications. These include: FC2 - Black Ice Books, which is an author-run 'not traditional fiction' collective; the Dalkey Archive Press which makes available to readers 'the finest works of world literature from the past 100 years'; the Dalkey Archive Press collection of author interviews; Context, which is another online journal dedicated to the study of contemporary literature; The Review of Contemporary Fiction which proclaims itself as a journal that publishes authors who defy convention; the American Book Review; the Spoon River Poetry Review, which offers access to excerpts from recent issues in PDF; and, finally, Mandorla which is a journal publishing 'innovative writing in its original language - most commonly English or Spanish - and high-quality translations of existing material' alongside critical commentary and visual art. In addition, the Illinois Writers' Directory offers information on writers based in the state, and Writers in Your Own Backyard is an educational project involving local writers. Although some of the journals require a subscription, each site has links leading to free sites with reliable information, and most of the journals provide substantial free excerpts.
'Logos: a journal of modern society and culture' is a full-text academic ejournal. Articles are freely offered in HTML format. There appears to be no traditional archive of back-issues - instead there is a front-page in a 'table of contents' format, and then a searchable and A-Z index of articles from all previous issues. Over 200 articles are freely available. Articles on U.S. and global politics predominate, and these assume a leftist worldview. But example article titles of interest to those interested in arts and cultural history are: 'Orwell and the British Left'; 'Poetic Sensibility Across Cultures and Languages'; 'Reflections on Isaac Bashevis Singer'; 'On Stan Brakhage'; 'Vision of the Gods: An Inquiry Into the Meaning of Photography'; and 'Revisiting "In the Heat of the Night"', among others. The journal also publishes some original fiction and poetry. There are details of the Editorial Board, and the submissions process.
'London Literature Online' project is the work of two media charities: London Link Radio and Women's Radio Group. The aim of the project is to bring together: information; audio; and opportunities from London's literary scene, with particular focus on support for new writers and writing and recording for radio. The site provides details of writers' groups in the London area, as well as local festivals and events relating to writing and literature. There is also a section of related links (general rather than local resources) as well as links to local organisations and libraries. This resource would interest creative writers in the London area and beyond.
'The Looking Glass: New Perspectives on Children's Literature' is a full-text scholarly ejournal. At January 2008, there are 30 issues online. The journal is being published online through the La Trobe University institutional repository. The focus is on literature in English and in translation, but some notable feature films are covered. For instance, the special 'Japan' issue (Vol.10, No.2) had the article "Walking Along With Nature: A Psychological Interpretation of My Neighbor Totoro". Articles that appear in the 'Alice's Academy' section of the journal are peer-reviewed. The journal also contains news of events, publications and useful 'snippets' of information. Users are invited to register, for email notification of new issues.
Lost poets of the Great War is a website devoted to poets killed in World War I. The poets commemorated are: Rupert Brooke; John McCrae; Wilfred Owen; Isaac Rosenberg; Alan Seeger; and Edward Thomas. For each poet, there is a short biography and a selection of poems. There are also poems by: Mary Henderson; Alice Meynell; Margaret Sackville; Edgell Rickwood; Ernest Hemingway; and Muriel Stuart. Other features include: a sound file of a letter from Wilfred Owen to Sir Osbert Sitwell in July 1918; responses of various poets to John McCrae's 'Flanders Fields'; and a discussion of Christian imagery used in war poetry. There is also information on the war and its chronology, which includes a film file on the end of the First World War. A bibliography is provided, as well as images of: posters; postcards; and pictures from the war. The site is worthwhile for those studying war poetry or any of the individual poets, as well as those with a general interest in the Great War.
'Lyrical Ballads: an electronic scholarly edtion' is on online edition of the volume of poems by Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth. This site provides free access to SGML-encoded texts of the five editions of the book that were published during Wordsworth and Coleridge's lifetimes: the Bristol and London imprints of the first edition of 1798, and the two-volume editions of 1800, 1802, and 1805. The texts are supplemented by page images of the various editions, which can be compared with the encoded texts through hypertext links. Poems can be compared simultaneously across editions via the 'dynamic collation' option. The site features an introduction to the project by the editors Bruce Graver and Ronald Tetreault, a bespoke search engine for the archive, and a bibliography of important scholarship on the publication and editing history of Lyrical Ballads. This resource would be of interest to book historians, as well as those studying the Romantic poets and their work.
A Manuscript Miscellany is a website hosted by the Folger Shakespeare Library and is the result of a 2005 National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) summer humanities institute entitled 'The Handwritten Worlds of Early Modern England'. The institute focused on the history of manuscripts from 1400 to 1700, examining among others: literary; domestic; devotional; dramatic; and business documents and texts from the Folger Library, in order to write a "more nuanced history of the period". The resulting essays (14 of them) written by the college-teacher participants of the institute are available on the website, with topics including: '"The Emperor of China His Letter to Queen Elizabeth" (1600)'; 'The Marginalized Voices of Chaucer's Early Readers'; 'A Seventeenth-Century Prophecy of Merlin'; and 'Gendering Hands, Gendering Business: A Letter from Elizabeth Bagot'. The site also provides a useful Glossary of Manuscript Terms, as well as a useful set of links to related electronic resources. The resources here would be of interest to students and researchers in the fields of manuscript studies, history and English, especially those studying the dissemination of texts and literacy in the early modern period.
The Margaret Cavendish Society, launched in 1997, is an interdisciplinary forum for scholarship on the work of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle (?1623-1673). Cavendish's writing covers fiction, poetry, letters, plays and essays on natural philosophy. This site provides details (including abstracts of papers presented) of the Society's biannual conferences; a copy of the Society's membership directory; full-texts of its newsletters and links to Cavendish-related writings and primary sources held at other sites, plus a couple of on-site recordings of relevant interviews, provided as RealMedia audio files. Of particular importance is an off-site link to a substantial (though unannotated) bibliography of print sources on Cavendish. Subscription details for the associated MARCAV-L discussion list are also provided.
María Mencía is a "digital artist and senior lecturer in Digital Media at Kingston University, London", and her personal website contains details of her AHRB and AHRC funded projects. There is also an abstract for her thesis "Visual Poetry to Digital Art: Image-Sound-Text, Convergent Media and the Development of New Media Languages", and seven examples of the practical/art projects that the author developed while writing the thesis. The website has details of the author's current AHRC project, titled 'Cityscapes'. This seeks to "integrate e-poetry into the realm of social and urban poetics".
Archived by the British Library since the author's death in 2006, Martin Blyth's website is devoted to British poetry. According to its founder, Martin Blyth, the site is "an attempt to raise and deal with questions about the true state of the poetry scene in the United Kingdom today". There is a wide range of information on poetry events, societies, readings, festivals and competitions. The site features information on South - a poetry magazine from the southern counties southern counties of the United Kingdom (including articles on Matthew Francis, Elizabeth Bewick and Terence Hards). Furthermore, there is a section dedicated to Philip Larkin. Blyth has also published some of his own poems on the site. Users of the site are encouraged to provide information or submit poems and articles. The site is recommended to those interested in keeping abreast of events in British poetry at a grass-roots level.
Masthead is a online magazine of contemporary international poetics. Established and edited by the Australian poet, Alison Croggon, Masthead publishes innovative poetries in English (including translation) from, for the most part: Australia; America; and Britain. Special issues feature poetry in other languages - for example, issue 7 (2003) focuses on contemporary Arab poetry, whilst issue 10 (2006) features Irish poetry. Writers who have published in Masthead include: Geraldine Monk; Lawrence Upton; Drew Milne; Cris Emery; Les Murray; and Alison Croggon. There are occasional essays on poetics, but the magazine in primarily a forum for the most advanced writing in English. The text of all issues from number one to the present issue are available on the site, as is a list of related links. This site would interest those studying contemporary poetry, either from an academic or creative writing standpoint.
The Matthew Prior Project is published by Miami University Libraries, Ohio. It is an online database of information on the 3,000 letters written and received by the British poet and diplomat Matthew Prior between 1684 and 1721. The letters themselves are scattered amongst 38 different repositories, and this project catalogues them and identifies where they are held. The wider aim of the project will be to publish transcribed copies of the letters online. The entries for the letters can be searched by year, correspondent, and repository, or browsed by year. In addition to this finding aid the site also provides a directory of the repositories, a glossary of abbreviations, and brief biographies of Prior's correspondents.
Medieval English Political Writings is the near-complete online text of the printed book of the same title edited by James M. Dean (Kalamazoo, 1996). The site provides full-texts of medieval poems and documents with political leanings. This edition supplies just over thirty texts, divided into five sections, headed: Poems of Political Prophecy; Anticlerical Poems and Documents; Literature of Richard's Reign and the Peasants' Revolt; Poems Against Simony and the Abuse of Money; and Plowman Writings. Each section includes an introduction and a select bibliography, as well as notes (viewed in a separate frame alongside each poem). The material is reproduced for individual use only; permission from Medieval Institute Publications must be obtained before making copies for teaching purposes. This site would be of interest to students and researchers studying Middle English literature and medieval politics and history.
Merrie Haskell's King Arthur site is a website devoted to Arthurian history and literature. The site is divided into three main sections: 'Frequently Asked Questions; 'The Basics'; and 'Additional Information'. Under these headings, the author outlines some of the main: characters; locations; legends; and historical sources connected with Arthur. There are also short bibliographies relating to fiction and non-fiction Arthurian books, and links to more extensive external bibliographies. The site is the work of an enthusiast, but would make a good introduction for students new to Arthurian literature.
This website aims to provide bibliographical, contextual and biographical information about the renowned Canadian novelist and poet Michael Ondaatje. Unfortunately, it does not seem to be regularly maintained with the consequence that many of the web links it contains are now out of date. The primary bibliography provided, however, is sufficiently comprehensive to be of use to the undergraduate student. It consists of five sections: the author's 'Poetry Collections' and 'Novels'; 'Audio' editions of 'Anil's Ghost'; 'Films' made by Ondaatje; 'Miscellaneous' items. There are also a couple of links to interviews with Michael Ondaatje about his two novels 'Anil's Ghost' (2001), and the Booker Prize winning, 'The English Patient' (2002); these would be of particular use to Ondaatje researchers. A link is also provided to the literary journal 'Brick' Ondaatje co-edits with Linda Spalding, as well as to Random House, one of the main publishers of his work.
This is the website of the second series of the Mickle Street Review whose mission is "to provide common ground for poets, writers, teachers, students, and readers with an interest in Walt Whitman [1819-1892] or the subjects that he wrote about". The journal was first published, by the Walt Whitman Association, out of Whitman's house on Mickle Street in Camden, New Jersey and is now revived as a project of the Walt Whitman Program in American Studies at Rutgers University in Camden. Full text is available online and there is an archive covering Issue 1 (1979) to date. A 'Listening Room' provides audio clips of Whitman's poetry. In the 'Viewing Room' video films about Whitman and his work can be viewed. Sign-up to receive regular news and events updates.
'The Mickle Street Review: an electronic journal of Whitman and American studies' is a full-text scholarly ejournal, with annual issues freely available online. The journal is named after Whitman's house on Mickle Street in Camden, and is published from Rutgers University. The journal includes articles, essays, poetry, reviews, and documents. At May 2009, 18 issues are online, dating from 1979 to 2009. Among the scholarly articles available are: 'American Space to American Place: Whitman’s Reckoning of a New Nation'; 'Whitman's Legacy of Love and the Challenge of Public Space'; 'Whitman and Fernando Pessoa'; and 'Whitman and Nineteenth-Century Views of Gender and Sexuality', among many others. Some issues are also themed, with themes such as: 'Whitman and the Visual Arts'; 'Whitman and the Earth'; and 'Whitman and Work'. The journal also has an online Listening Room featuring 11 audio recordings (MP3 format) that include a number of readings of "Leaves of Grass", and a Viewing Room with documentary videos (Flash video format). The website has details of the editors, and the submissions process.
The Middle English Lyrics Web pages are part of the Luminarium Anthology of Middle English Literature and offer resources and links for related study. Not published until the seventeenth century, these short, subjective, personal verses were written to be sung by one person accompanied by a lyre. The website offers a beautifully illustrated series of the texts of selected lyrics, as well as links to online full-text editions and excerpts of the lyrics being sung. The resources section includes links to essays on: types of medieval lyrics, such as the carol and momento mori; and medieval lyrics in relation to the development of the sonnet. Also useful are links to extracts from 'The Cambridge History of English and American Literature' on: lyrics; English song collections; and ballads. These pages would be useful to students of medieval English literature, and perhaps also early music.
The Milton-L home page hosts a well-subscribed email discussion group about the work, life, and times of John Milton, author of Paradise Lost. The site also acts as a gateway to other Milton resources on the web, including electronic texts, images, book reviews, and news of events and recent publications that may be of interest to Milton scholars. There is a good selection of secondary material, including full-texts of articles by critics such as Roy Flannagan and Stanley Fish. The site offers audio versions of a selection of Milton's poetry, which require an audio plug-in.The free mailing list has over 500 subscribers and offers intelligent and relevant debate. Milton scholars should certainly consider subscribing. There is also an email archive, with new archives being created on the 1st, 10th and 20th of every month, which goes back to January 2000. The site is straightforward to navigate, although the list archives are not searchable, and are only indexed by month and year. The site has won several awards including the Literary Research Award.
The Minor Victorian Poets and Authors website is designed to give readers online access to a number of previously unavailable works of minor 19th-century writers. Although the site is dedicated primarily to chartist, poet and author Gerald Massey, many of his contemporaries are also represented, such as: John Ackworth; Isa Craig; Thomas Hood; Samuel Laycock; Joseph Skipsey; and Edwin Waugh. The site provides: biographical information on each writer; contextual information about their works; contemporary reviews and quotes; portraits of the authors; and illustrations and full texts of many of these writers' works. The bulk of the resources do however relate to Massey, with pages devoted to his: biography; prose; poetry; and reviews, as well as contemporary news reports about Massey and a collection of miscellanea that includes related: pamphlets; photographs; letters; and other writings. The site is well researched, interesting and informative, and would appeal to those studying Victorian English literature, in particular the work of regional poets and authors.
'Miscelanea: a Journal of English and American Studies' is a full-text ejournal published by the University of Zaragoza, Spain. The journal is almost entirely in English, and at January 2009 there are fifteen issues online. The journal publishes scholarly articles on literature, cultural studies, and film studies. Articles are presented in PDF form. Some example article titles are: 'Exploring identity issues in British men's problem pages: a cultural studies perspective'; 'Dylan Thomas's animal symbology in Celtic tradition: the inner voice of a poet'; and 'The paradox of conflicting identifications in "Third Space" Asian-British cinema of the 1980s'; and 'Post-Baroque sublime? The case of Peter Ackroyd', among many others. The website also has full details of the editors, the Editorial Board, and the submission process. The journal is also produced in paper form, and there are subscription details at the website. There is a listing of the bibliographic compilations in which the journal is indexed.
The Mississippi Review is edited by Frederick Barthelme and published by the Center for Writers at the University of Southern Mississippi. The printed version of this title began in 1972 and continues to be published three times a year in a separate sequence, with some material shared. Online publication began in April 1995, with issues originally appearing monthly, but since 1999 online publication has been quarterly. This full-text online periodical publishes fiction and poetry, drawing some of its material from the Mississippi Review archives. Early issues include pieces by established writers such as Ann Beattie, Margaret Atwood, Barry Hannah and Joyce Carol Oates, but the majority of contributions are from less established writers and include many of the finalists for the Mississippi Review Prize in fiction and poetry. Recent issues have had a guest editor and an individual theme, including a Music issue, a Discovery issue and a Television issue.
This online resource is provided as a companion to the Anthology of Modern American Poetry published by Oxford University Press, and maintained by the University of Illinois. It contains sites for over 150 individual American poets. For each poet, the site provides a picture; brief biography; selected criticism of major works; and further links of greater specificity. For most poets, a bibliography is also provided. If available, excerpts of interviews and autobiographical writings are published. The biographical notes are concise but useful, and the critical selections are well chosen and edited, providing a brief but comprehensive view of the range of critical views on each writer. The site is easily navigable and well-presented, despite some ugly fonts. Links are current. The site is most useful for undergraduates and general readers, and as a first point of reference for all. It is especially useful for its coverage of more obscure figures who might not have another site of such accuracy devoted to them.
The Modern British Literature Index is part of the San Antonio College British Literature Index and provides an overview of the principal poets, novelists, essayists and short story writers of the Modern period, from Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) to Ted Hughes (1930-1998). The website acts as a gateway, providing general links (to two substantial resources: Twentieth Century British and Irish Resources which is part of the Literary Resources collection maintained by Jack Lynch, and the Modern British and American Literature pages from the Voice of the Shuttle) and links relating to individual authors. Over twenty-five writers are listed including: G. K. Chesterton; George Orwell; Virginia Woolf; James Joyce; and Samuel Beckett. Each writer's section details their major works, online texts, and brief bibliographies. The site is more useful as an overview of the major writers as a group rather than providing critical material on their individual work.
Modern Haiku is a journal containing scholarly essays about haiku poetry in English, Japanese and other languages, alongside new poems in the haiku, senryu and haibun forms of poetry. Each issue of the journal has significant free full-text content available online, although some content is restricted. An archive of back-issues is available, from 2001 to date. The website has the full text of 20 of the most notable essays published in Modern Haiku. The editors also publish books of poetry, under the Modern Haiku Press imprint. The website has details of the journal's editorial board, submissions policy, and the costs of a subscription to the paper version.
'Moving Manchester : mediating marginalities' is the website of a three-year AHRC and Arts Council England-funded project hosted by the Institute for Advanced Studies at Lancaster University. Subtitled "How the experience of migration has informed the work of writers in Greater Manchester from 1960 to the present", the Project's aim is to bring creative writing on the topic of immigration to the attention of the public and academics. The website provides: an outline of the project; profiles of research team members; details of publications and a link to its electronic catalogue of relevant items recovered from the archives of Manchester's independent publishers and local libraries. There is also a 'Writers' Gallery' available, which comprises a number of original works by writers associated with Manchester, accompanied by short biographies. At the time of writing the project had reached its final stages, but the information remaining on the site would interest those studying creative writing or migration.
'Mr. Bauld's English' is a website by a retired English lecturer from Nova Scotia, who offers open access to his years of experience in English studies. His site is a useful resource for English students up to undergraduate level. While some of the material on the site is aimed at Canadian students, the general content is suitable for any student beginning advanced study. The site may be browsed by headings including: 'Books'; 'Education'; 'Grammar/Language'; and 'Literary Criticism'. Advice is included on: writing essays; choosing texts; developing a personal philosophy towards one's own learning; and along with the good practical advice, there are some gems of wisdom that give this site a very personal voice. There are examples of student essays as well as links to essays by scholars and a wealth of general advice on approaching criticism and interpretation. This site is primarily about approaching the task of analysis and criticism and is very much a lesson from the favourite teacher that everyone goes back to visit long after they have left his classes. It's easy to navigate and full of the relaxed comforting wisdom every undergraduate needs from time to time. Users of the site should note that a few of the links on the site are broken.
Mr. William Shakespeare and the Internet is a large, online annotated gateway to Shakespearean resources and more general sites about English Renaissance culture. The site is divided into sections covering: Shakespeare's works; Shakespeare's life; Elizabethan and Jacobean theatre; criticism; sources; educational materials (such as lesson plans and lectures); and miscellaneous other links. The selected sites are reasonably scholarly, and the annotations are generally helpful. The website also aims to present Shakespeare material unavailable elsewhere on the Internet, including: a Shakespeare timeline giving the key events of Shakespeare's life and work along with documentary evidence; a Shakespeare genealogy, showing the relevant family relationships with dates; the Shakespeare canon; Rowe's 'Some account of the life &c. of Mr William Shakespear' prefaced to the 1709 edition of the works; Charles and Mary Lamb's 'Tales from Shakespeare'; and prefatory material from the first folio. This resource should provide a useful starting point for students looking for online resources on Shakespeare, Elizabethan drama, or the Renaissance in general.
'Mslexia' is a high quality hard copy magazine aimed at women who write, from professionals to complete beginners. Its aim is 'to tell you all you need to know about exploring your creativity and getting into print'. The magazine's website is a useful resource for writers as it provides details of the magazine's submission guidelines, current calls for material and other writing projects, as well as subscription information. It also includes extracts of writing from the current issue and full samples of archive material. The writing is of a consistently high standard and each issue has a theme which may be found well in advance on the website. Recent themes have included 'God', 'Dogs', 'Shoes', 'Horror' and 'Ice' and selections from material submitted for the feature magazine are made by guest editors, who have included Hilary Mantel, Fay Weldon, Michele Williams and Muriel Gray. The presentation of the website, like that of the magazine, is of a very high standard, it is straightforward to navigate and has a large amount of sensible, practical and inspirational content.
Mudlark, the online poetry journal created by university professor William Slaughter, provides free access to contemporary poetry and theory. The journal is published "frequently but irregularly" so readers are encouraged to check the site often. The site provides archives of all issues of the journal, as well as: 'flashes' (poetry with current events in mind); posters "the electronic equivalent of print broadsides"; MP3 files of poets reading their work; and details of how to subscribe and submit work. Students of contemporary poetry and literature as well as those hoping to learn more about what poets' themselves say of their practices will find this collection of interest.
'The Nabokov Online Journal' is a full-text ejournal devoted to discussion of the works of the author Vladimir Nabokov . The Journal is freely published by the Department of Russian Studies at Dalhousie University, and the editors have the permission of the Estate of Vladimir Nabokov to use extracts from Nabokov's works. At February 2009 there are two issues online, offering scholarly articles, interviews, multimedia, and book reviews. Articles are freely offered in PDF format. Example article titles include: 'Staging Nabokov'; 'The Lolita Effect: Sexy Girls in the Media'; and 'In Search of a Mailbox: Letters in The Gift'; among many others. The website has a statement of the aims and purpose of the journal, details of the editor and Editorial Board, and the submissions process.
Nasty was a free online journal devoted to creating "a forum for the promotion and dissemination of new, controversial and challenging cultural and academic thought across the humanities". The journal is peer reviewed. At the time of writing, Nasty has run into 13 editions, each containing an eclectic mix of articles (both scholarly and essayistic), fiction and poetry. The fiction and poetry attempts to cross the divide between the experimentation of high modernism and the popular culture of post-modernity. The articles include some of the following subjects: good and evil in Harry Potter; Djuna Barnes; the work of French feminist and psychoanalyst Luce Irigaray; Hellraiser; and James Joyce.
Nasty ceased publication in 2006 and this record now refers to an archived version of the site. Contents of back issues may be accessed via the links at the bottom of the front page to issue 14.
The Canadian Poetry Archive website, part of Library and Archives Canada, features selected poems from over 100 early English- and French-language Canadian poets, digitized from public domain anthologies found in the National Library of Canada's collection. The Canadian Poetry Archive database is searchable by poet, title, keywords and date. Author, title and date indexes can also be browsed. Detailed biographical information is provided for some of the more prominent poets in the database. The website is available in French or English versions.
This article from the National Maritime Museum's Journal for Maritime Research (December 200) focuses on the late 18th Century divergent literary representations of the Royal Navy's successes in the French Revolutionary War: this paper will examine portrayals of the nation's navy in British cultural artefacts of the 1790s, especially poetry.
nd[re]view is designed as an online companion to the printed Notre Dame Review, which describes itself as an 'independent, non-commercial magazine of contemporary American and international fiction, poetry, criticism and art'. The online companion provides: interviews; critique; and commentary on authors and artists featured in the print magazine, and sometimes also extra: fiction; poetry; or art. Writers featured in past issues include: Seamus Heaney; Czeslaw Milosz; Charles Simic; and Michael O'Leary but the journal and its companion also introduce lesser-known authors producing innovative work. Although a subscription is necessary for the Notre Dame Review, there is free access to one issue of the journal, as well as present and past issues' table of contents and some poems and commentaries. The site also provides an introduction to both Notre Dame Review and nd[re]view, and details on how to submit and subscribe. Both the magazine and its online companion would be of interest to creative writing students, secondary school and undergraduate students researching writing and literature as well as those in the general public who are interested in writing fiction stories and poetry and interested in contemporary literary criticism.
This webpage makes available the full-text of the poem Neither Out Far Nor In Deep, by Robert Frost. This first appeared in the Yale Review in 1934 and was later published in A Further Range, a collection of Frost's poetry, in 1936. This is located on the Literature Network.
The Neurotic Poets website purports to be an exploration of the links between madness and great poetry, but doesn't actually get much further than repeating the Romantic myth, and proposing a couple of brief hypotheses for the supposed link. The site eschews talking about poets who were actually confined for madness in favour of those better known by the general public. What the site does provide, however, is short biographies of several 19th and 20th century authors, focussing particularly on their childhood and upbringing in the hope of shedding light on their adult insecurities. The featured poets are: Lord Byron, Shelley, Poe, Rossetti, Dickinson, Wilde, Thomas, and Plath. Jim Morrison is said to be a coming attraction. The site also has some links to websites about the featured authors, and a small online store.
The New Chaucer Society Web page is the online home of an international organisation that seeks to promote research into the 14th-century poet Geoffrey Chaucer and his works. The Society: acts as a forum for teachers and scholars; organises a biennial conference; and publishes the journal 'Studies in the Age of Chaucer'. The site details the activities and governance of the Society, promotes forthcoming conferences, and provides (restricted) access to the members' directory. Full subscription details are given for those wishing to join the Society, as well as details of the Society's journal, including submission guidelines and tables of contents of past issues. There is also a useful section of links to other Chaucer resources. One of the most useful resources on the site is the Chaucer Bibliography Online, a publicly accessible database compiled from the annotated Chaucer bibliography published annually in the Society's journal. Teachers and students of Chaucer's works would find this website useful.
New Writing anthology is an online resource presenting the works of new authors from the UK and the Commonwealth. It is subsidised and administered by the British Council. The New Writing homepage provides links to current and previous issues of the anthology, interviews with contributing writers, as well as teacher's and reader's notes designed to encourage further studies of selected texts. New Writing has already promoted several prize winning authors whose works were first printed between its covers, e.g.: David Mitchell, Trezza Azzopardi, and Charlotte Mendelson. Other contributors include: Julian Barnes; Anita Desai; Doris Lessing; Michael Faber; Esther Freud; Ian McEwan; Graham Swift; and Salman Rushdie. The website is reliable, easy to navigate, and user-friendly. It may be of interest to students, individual readers, and reading groups, as well as those researching contemporary fiction, and teachers of literature and English. Each annual edition of New Writing is also issued in hard copy. The only drawback is the fact that due to copyright regulations texts are available online only for six months, and after that period readers are referred to the print publication.
The New Zealand Electronic Poetry Centre (NZEPC) has been established to promote New Zealand poets and poetry, and to provide an electronic gateway to poetry resources in the Pacific region. The site collates archival and publishing information, and provides access to the online texts of poems, commentary, interviews, and criticism. The centre works in collaboration with established New Zealand poets such as Alan Brunton, A. R. D. Fairburn, Robin Hyde, Michele Leggott, Bill Manhire, Elizabeth Smither, Kendrick Smithyman, Robert Sullivan, and Ian Wedde. There were twenty featured poets in total at the time of writing. Each poet has their own page, containing a portrait, bibliography, various online poems, secondary materials, audio and audiovisual files, and links. The site may otherwise be browsed for essays and interviews, audio recordings, poems, and archival records. There are several 'features' sections, focusing on particular topics, such as: the poetry of Dunedin; a selection of texts from 'Whetu Moana: Contemporary Polynesian Poems in English'; Twelve recordings from the Aotearoa / New Zealand Poetry Sound Archive; and a selection of responses to 'Big Smoke: New Zealand Poems 1960-1975' commenting on and contextualising the era and the work it produced. This is an excellent site that should prove essential reading for anyone interested in twentieth-century and contemporary New Zealand poetry.
The Black American poet Yolanda Cornelia 'Nikki' Giovanni was born in Tennessee in 1943, and much of her poetry is concerned with issues pervading Black American communities, such as civil rights and equality. 'Her focus is on the individual, specifically, on the power one has to make a difference in oneself', the resource explains. Further details concerning the poet's life and writing career the user will find in a brief 'Biography' and 'Timeline' (in the 'Bio' section), with links to other relevant websites. There are basic details of her published work, including poetry for children, essays and other works, and audio recordings. Unfortunately, the resource does not provide any samples of her poetry. The section 'Film' includes clips from a video of a television film about Nikki Giovanni (requiring QuickTime or RealPlayer), and other video recordings of Giovanni reading her poetry. A substantial 'Vita' (in PDF format) is available on the 'Press' page; it contains details of Giovanni's honours and awards as well as a detailed bibliography of her writings, including contributions to periodicals and reviews of her works. All in all, this site can be a useful introduction to Giovanni and her works.
The website is a collection of sonnets by American poets during the nineteenth-century. The sonnet, had been a popular form of poetry in England since the Elizabethan period, and had been firmly established as an English poetic convention. The American sonnet, often patriotic, displays the feelings of independence from the motherland. There is an excerpt from William Sharp's American Sonnets (1889) in which he claims the American sonnet to be inferior to the British sonnet due to the immaturity of American literature. There is also a chapter from The Sonnet in American Literature (1930) by Lewis Sterner which outlines the history of the nineteenth-century American sonnet from Colonel David Humphrey's sonnet Addressed to My Friend at Yale College in the late eighteenth-century to the tradition firmly established by poets such as Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849), Henry Pickering (1781-1838), Amos Bronson Ascott (1799-1888), and John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892).
The Nineteenth Century English Novel Bibliographic Resources Web page is a comprehensive bibliography for research on 19th-century novels. Types of resources listed include: online electronic texts; websites about authors and literary movements; and printed texts. Beginning in the Romantic period with authors such as: Jane Austen; Mary Wollestonecraft; Mary Shelley; William Cowper; William Blake; Sir Walter Scott; and William Wordsworth, the site works its way through the 19th-century. The largest section of the site is devoted to the Victorian novel, and is divided into by genre and author (including: Wilkie Collins; Charles Dickens; the Brontes; and George Eliot). This site is recommended for undergraduate and postgraduate research. Users should be aware that the links section does not appear to be maintained.
'Nineteenth-Century Gender Studies' is a full-text online ejournal. The menu navigation uses Flash, and so any Flash-blocking software will need to be disabled in order to use the website. At January 2009 there are ten issues online, with articles in HTML format. Two issues are themed, as: 'Disability and the Body in Nineteenth-Century Britain'; and 'The New Woman and Sexuality'. Example article titles include: 'Fanged Desire: the New Woman and the Monster'; 'Sexing the Aesthete: the Autobiography and Apostasy of Edmund Gosse'; and 'Reader, Beware: Images of Victorian Women and Books', among others. The website also has details of the Editorial Board and submission procedures.
'Nursery Rhymes: Lyrics and origins' is a website providing the lyrics for a large number of English rhymes, together with essays on the history and origins of the themes and images behind them. The site, the work of historian and enthusiast Linda Alchin, aims to illustrate the links between major historical events and the development of nursery rhymes, and to 'maintain our history and heritage through the words and lyrics'. To this end users are invited to contact the editor with any information they have relating to the subject. The better-known rhymes are listed in alphabetical order on the front page, and each is prefaced by a short introduction outlining the history of the rhyme. Lesser-known lyrics are also provided, in a section entitled 'Lost Lyrics, History & Origins of Old Nursery Rhymes'. Essays provided, by the editor, include: 'The Chapbooks and the Nursery Rhyme'; 'Secret History of Nursery Rhymes'; and 'The Identity of Mother Goose and her Nursery Rhymes'. This is an interesting site, which would be useful to students of English literature, or as an introduction to those researching the subject.
This 'Odysseus Elytis' Web page is a personal tribute to the Greek poet and Nobel Laureate Odysseus Elytis (Odysseus Alepoudhieis, 1911-1996). The page contains a short biography, some notes on the translation of the poems into French, Italian and German, and the full text of the 1979 Nobel Prize acceptance speech by Odysseus Elytis. At February 2008, this Web page is the only location where that this important and lengthy acceptance speech is freely available online. The Web page also contains the original Press Release which announced that Elytis was to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, which is a scholarly 1,200-word summation of Elytis and his work.
The Off the Page website provides information about the Off the Page research project, the main aim of which was to study the development of poetry performance in the United Kingdom over the past fifty years. Since the 1960s, poetry readings performed by the author have become increasingly popular. Today, performance plays an essential role in the development of a poet's career, and is as important as the printed text in the promulgation of poetry. The research has started to redress the neglect of this history by literary historians and critics of poetry. In order to establish the importance of performance to contemporary poetics, it focused on the following areas: the relationship between the poetry reading and the compositional practices of poets; the role of the poetry reading in forming communal and responsive literacies; the significance of voice, cadence and delivery to the production of semantic and non-semantic meaning; and the varying function of paratexts - the introductions and commentaries which frame the actual poems. The production of an online database of live poetry readings from the 1960s to the present day has enabled the project team to trace changes in the format and style of the poetry reading over time, as well as between different poetry communities. The resource is a collection of single poem extracts from live poetry readings, recorded at venues around the UK between the years 1960-2006. Through its range of poets, venues and performance styles, the collection offers a cross-section of post-war poetry reading events. It currently features over 80 poems read by poets from a variety of communities and aesthetic traditions, including Basil Bunting, David Dabydeen, Fred D'Aguiar, Roy Fisher, Tony Harrison, Jackie Kay, Hugh MacDiarmid, Roger McGough, Christopher Middleton, Edwin Morgan, Paul Muldoon, Tom Pickard, Tom Raworth, Denise Riley, and Jon Silkin. The recordings collected here were made in a number of different venues, from university campuses, art galleries and theatres, to libraries and community centres. The events from which these recordings originate include conferences, launches and literary festivals, as well as regular reading series. All the recordings featured in this resource include any introductory preamble and explanations given by the poet at the time. The recordings can be browsed by poet, date, location, or event. QuickTime is required to listen to the recordings. Off the Page has been made available using the Eprints digital repository software at the School of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton, and the audio material was researched, digitised and edited by Victoria Sheppard.
The Old English Course Pack website is designed to help students (primarily undergraduates) study some of the more popular Old English texts in their original language. The pack includes primary texts of: 'The Wanderer'; 'The Dream of the Rood'; and parts of 'Beowulf' among others, together with: running glossaries and notes; reading lists; translations; and contextual information. The site is hosted by the English Faculty at the University of Oxford and is part of a project funded by the Higher Education Academy's English Subject Centre. UK academics can download a version of this site for their own use, but need to credit the original project when doing so. Some users may find the site's dependence on the use of frames a problem.
This webpage makes available the full text of the poem On the Sea, by John Keats, which begins with the line "It keeps eternal whisperings around desolate shores." This poem is located on the Literature Network, a website which contains online literature and verse. There is a biography of Keats on the site along with the text of several of his other poems. This site contains advertising.
This webpage makes available the text of the poem On the Seashore by Sir Rabindranath Tagore, an Indian novelist, musician, poet and Nobel Prize winner. The poem is taken from the poetry collection The Crescent Moon, which was published in 1918. Other poems in the collection include Clouds and Waves and The Sailor; these can also be viewed on the site. The text appears on the Representative Poetry Online site, part of the University of Toronto Press.
This webpage makes available the text of the poem Once By The Pacific, by Robert Frost, taken from the collection West-Running Brook, published in 1928. There is a link to more information about Robert Frost, and the text of more poems and books by Frost. A text-only version of the poem is available.
The Online Corpus of Old English Poetry is the work of Dr Murray McGillivray of the University of Calgary. The aim of the project is to make online texts of all extant Anglo-Saxon poems available to students and researchers, with glosses and annotations. The Project began in 2005, and at the time of writing is still a work in progress. Most of the texts made available through the site are taken directly from the Labyrinth online Library at Georgetown University, and appear as plain texts with no glosses. A few of the poems have been glossed, or are in the process of being annotated, including: the Battle of Maldon; Beowulf; Deor; and the Dream of the Rood. The site also describes the project and its aims, as well as providing a 'frequently asked questions' section.
The Electronic Beowulf is an image-based facsimile edition of the sole extant 11th-century manuscript of the Old English poem, held by the British Library. The electronic edition is edited by Kevin Kiernan of the University of Kentucky and published on CD-ROM by British Library Publications and the University of Michigan Press. The online guide to Electronic Beowulf reproduces the complete help documentation from the CD-ROMS, together with: information about the history of the project; a selection of online articles; and associated links. The online articles cover the technical aspects of the project, including: constructing a glossary; digital restoration of the text; and image processing. This site would be of use to anyone working on a similar project, and also to students and researchers in the fields of manuscript studies and medieval literature.
This webpage makes available in full the poem Open Sea by Dorothea Mackellar (1885-1968), an Australian poet known for the poem My Country. Her poetry collections include The Closed Door, The Witchmaid and Dreamharbour. The text of this poem is taken from The Oxford Book of Australian Verse, compiled by Walter Murdoch and published in 1918. A bibliographic and contents record are provided. This page of poetry appears on the website Bartleby.com, which contains searchable online literature and poetry. There is advertising on this site but it should prove useful as an introductory source for students.
The University of Virginia Electronic Text Center, whose website this is, hosts a wide variety of resources related to Ovid's Metamorphoses. This Ovid collection includes a number of Latin and English versions of the Metamorphoses, as well as an excellent archive of Renaissance responses to the poem. Readers can view eight digitized versions of the original Latin, some scanned and some fully transcribed. The site also hosts five English translations by Golding, Sandys, Garth, Brookes More and Kline. The ca. 1904 Ehwald Latin text is cross-linked with three of the English translations so readers can browse or search texts together. The site's growing archive of Renaissance pictorial and textual responses to the Metamorphoses is particularly excellent, and includes readings and reworkings in Latin, French, German, Dutch, Italian and English.
The full electronic text of The Oxford Book of Ballads, compiled by Sir Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch (published 1910) is available as part of Bartleby.com. Among the ballads in the collection which can be viewed on this site are: 'Cawsand Bay'; 'I Saw Three Ships'; 'The George-Aloe'; 'The Golden Vanity'; and 'The Noble Fisherman'. Poems can be browsed by title or by first line, as well as from the contents page of the book. There is advertising on this site. This resource would be of use to students of English literature, as a freely-available text of these poems.
The Oxford Brookes Poetry Centre website is the online home of a group whose aim is to conduct research into 20th and 21st century poetry and foster discussion about it; promote poetry in the local community; and enable academics, readers and poets to connect with one another. The centre is part of the Department of English at Oxford Brookes University, and is run by members of its staff. A weekly poem is provided on the website, which users can sign up to have emailed directly to them. An archive of all weekly poems is held on the site, as well as: seminar and events listings; details of other special initiatives/events run by the centre; contact details; and details of courses relating to poetry at Oxford Brookes. There is also a useful links section. The centre and its website would interest general readers of modern poetry and students and researchers working in this area.
'The Oxford Companion to English Literature', is a full text reference source, offered online by eNotes. The version offered appears to be the full version of the 6th Edition edited by Margaret Drabble, dating from 2000 and containing over 8,300 entries presented in a simple A-Z manner. It can also be searched by keyword. The Companion offers short author biographies, summaries of stories, novels and poems, and outline descriptions of various movements and genres in literature. No user registration appears to be required to use this resource, but only part of entries is available free. For full access to the content of the Companion a monthly or annual fee is required; access is in plain HTML format.
Oxford Poetry is the website of the journal of that name. The text of the journal itself (founded in 1910-13 and published almost continuously since then) is not available online, but the site provides subscription information and a number of poems extracted from various issues. The site also gives the text of a number of interviews with poets, including: Blake Morrison; Simon Armitage; Tom Paulin; and Elizabeth Jennings. A history of the journal is also provided, including: an alphabetical list of contributors over the years; a list of contributors who died in war; and a list of recent holders of the Oxford Chair in Poetry. This site would be of use to students of English poetry, as well as interested readers.
The Oxford Text Archive hosts the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) Centre for Literature, Languages and Linguistics, one of the five Subject Centres of the AHDS. The Archive holds several thousand digital resources of interest to researchers, teachers, and learners working across the range of literary and linguistic disciplines. Its holdings include electronic editions of works by individual authors, standard reference works, and a range of language corpora. Searches can be executed by author, title, or language, and other criteria will be added over time. Users can also use these criteria to browse the catalogue. The resource is freely available.
The Archive also provides support for the creation and use of electronic texts, including guides to good practice, and advice and tools for using the Text Encoding Initiative's Guidelines for encoding texts in SGML and XML. The Oxford Text Archive receives funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). Description based on that supplied by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
Oyster Boy Review is an American journal of contemporary fiction and poetry, published irregularly four times a year. The journal is available via subscription but the journal's website provides archived material from the first online issue of the journal (in 1994) up to the winter 2003/4 issue. The site is divided into several sections, including: back issues; submissions; 'About OBR'; and a selection of links to sites of related artists and writers. Back issues can be collectively searched (via Google) or browsed through an index, as well as browsed issue by issue via tables of contents. Each issue provides: poems; reviews; artwork; and short fiction, which in the archived issues can be read freely online. Submission information is provided for authors, as well as subscription information. The site would be of use to those with an interest in lesser-known contemporary poets and writers, as well as creative writers themselves.
The Paris Prose resource is an online electronic edition of the first fifty Latin psalms in the Paris Psalter (MS Bibliothèque Nationale fonds latin 8824) and their Old English translations, developed by Richard Stracke and published by Augusta State University. The Latin and Old English texts are shown side by side, with accompanying notes, in tabular and non-tabular form (non-tabular for older Web browsers). The edition also gives a detailed introduction to the manuscript and the texts of the psalms, including a section on the relationship of the text to the Gallican and Roman psalter traditions. Tables demonstrate where the Old English text prefers to follow the Roman, Paris or a variant psalter text. A detailed glossary of Old English words and names with links back to the text is also provided. This would be a useful resource for students of Old English language or literature.
This is the website of 'The Paris Review', one of the leading literary magazines in the U.S.A. The website provides tables of contents for the magazine from 1953 to 2009. After around 2006, tables of contents begin to provide a significant number of links to some free full-text items. The website also provides a free full-text 'Interview Archive' organised by date and by A-Z. Not all interviews are in full-text form, but those that are include interviews with: E.M. Forster (1953); Allen Ginsberg (1966); Jack Kerouac (1968); Ezra Pound (1962); Vladimir Nabokov (1967); and Philip Larkin (1982), among others. There are also free audio readings of work that has appeared in the Paris Review, although at April 2008 none of the sample Flash-based audio files tried by this reviewer would play in either Firefox or Internet Explorer. The website also has details of back issues for purchase, the Paris Review book series, the Plimpton Circle and other ways to support the Review, subscription and editorial details, and other details about the magazine.
Peake Studies is a scholarly journal "dedicated to the life and work" of Mervyn Peake (1911-1968), author and book illustrator. Peake Studies is run by Peake scholar G. Peter Winnington. At June 2007 the Peake Studies website has tables-of-contents for some 50 issues of the journal published between 1988 and 2007. There are details of current subscription rates. The website's author also maintains the authoritative and annotated 'Peake in Print' Mervyn Peake bibliography as part of the website, which includes completed dissertations and theses. This bibliography is available for free, and is updated via a 'Recent Books on Mervyn Peake' webpage. The website often launches a new window when going to a new webpage, so pop-up blocking software should be disabled before visiting.
The Penguin Archive Project website provides information on a four-year project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and run by Bristol University. The project, which is in its early stages at the time of writing, aims to produce an online catalogue of the Penguin Archive, held at the University of Bristol Library Special Collections. In addition, the project will undertake research on various aspects of the archive, including: modern poetry; Penguin 'specials' and their socio-political impact; and Penguin translations of the classics. Another outcome of the project will be exhibitions and events aimed at the general public. The website gives details of: the project's aims; the project team; how to visit the archive; events; current research; related links; and recommends a book of the month from the Penguin collection. As it progresses, this resource will be of interest to students of English literature, as well as those studying the history of the book.
Jim Manis' online collection of 'original work published in hard copy by Pennsylvania State University and classical works of literature in English' provides access to a mixture of resources of interest to students of English, and the general public looking for an interesting read. As the range of works on the website is vast, there will certainly be something of interest for any English Studies scholar. Among the selection of literary classics are: Shakespeare (there are links to his tragedies, comedies, sonnets and romances), Dante ('The Divine Comedy' translated by Reverend H.F. Cary which includes all Cary's notes), Charlotte, Emily and Anne Bronte (a selection of the sisters' works such as 'Agnes Grey', 'Wuthering Heights' and 'Jane Eyre'), Kate Chopin (there are links to 'The Awakening' and selected short stories), and many more classical writings. There are also links to more contemporary writers like Virginia Woolf, Bram Stoker ('Dracula') and Somerset Maugham. At the bottom of the page there are even more links leading to 'Bibliomania', an external website with more than 2000 free literary texts, as well as to the websites 'The Voice of the Shuttle' and 'Project Gutenberg'. This online resource provides lots of information, and its array of texts is vast. All texts are downloadable in the PDF format, which means that the users must have Adobe Acrobat to be able to read these files.
The Peoples Archive is a website featuring the stories of the great thinkers, creators and achievers of our time. It is likely to be of interest to researchers across a range of disciplines at all levels. The Peoples Archive users modern technology to enable the existing generation of great people, who are leaders of their field, to share their stories, preserving them for present and future generations. Following the site's launch in May 2004, the Archive has been growing steadily and contains life stories grouped into seven sections: Arts, Film, Literature, Masters, Medicine, Politics and Science. Each filmed life story is accompanied by transcripts with complete bibliographies or filmographies, external links to relevant websites and illustrations. There are also internal links to other stories within the Archive relating to similar themes. All the life stories are free to view. Among the many life stories presented on Peoples Archive are those of scientists Francis Crick and Freeman Dyson. The Film section includes the filmmaker, Andrzej Wajda, and the documentary maker, Albert Maysles. The Literature section includes several of the greatest contemporary writers, among them Donald Hall and the Arts section includes illustrator Quentin Blake. Recent additions include theatre director, Sir Peter Hall, with the architects Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown, the computer scientist Donald Knuth and writer Doris Lessing being forthcoming. This is an ambitious and innovative site, which is user-friendly and straightforward to access.
The Perseus collection of Renaissance materials is part of the Perseus Digital Library at Tufts University. The collection makes freely available online primary and secondary materials relating to the early modern period in England (the English Renaissance). There are also selected secondary materials from the 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the texts available are: the complete works of Christopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare; 'The New Atlantis' by Francis Bacon; Holinshed's history of England; and 'The Political Works of James I' edited by Charles Howard McIlwain. All texts are fully searchable. Students of history and English would find this resource highly useful.
The Peter Finch archive is a website devoted to Finch, well-known for his visual poetry and experimental poetic works. He has collaborated with other significant visual and sound poets, notably Bob Cobbing and is a leading expert on the history of the small poetry presses. He has also collaborated with schools, and runs workshops for young people. The website provides biographical and bibliographical information on Finch, and substantial documentation of the poet's work, including examples of his visual and sound poetry. There is also a section about Finch's home, Cardiff, providing texts and photographs that meditate on the changing city.
The Philological museum is a library of online humanistic texts published by the Shakespeare Institute at the University of Birmingham. Its sizeable collection of letters, plays, poems and essays are principally written by British humanists in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Authors include Sir Francis Bacon, George Buchanan, William Camden, Sir Francis Kynaston and John Milton, among others. The hypertext editions used are prepared specifically for the online library by Professor Dana Sutton of the University of California. In addition to this excellent collection, the site contains a bibliography of neo-Latin texts publically available on the web with hyperlinks. There is a search engine for the entire site.
Piers Plowman is an online electronic facsimile of a fifteenth-century manuscript copy of William Langland's famous devotional poem. The manuscript (NLW MS 733B) is held by the National Library of Wales, and the facsimile forms part of the Library's 'Digital Mirror', which provides images of some of the institution's most important holdings. The manuscript is incomplete, but contains an unusual variant of the poem, which is thought by some to illustrate the evolution of the text. The digital images are large and clear, but the manuscript itself is sometimes hard to read, having been originally copied onto poor-quality parchment. Along with the images, the site provides: biographical information on Langland; a short description of the poem; and a brief history and description of the manuscript. This resource would be of interest to Langland scholars, or those studying medieval literature and manuscripts more generally.
The Piers Plowman Electronic Archive website is the home page of a collaborative project that aims to create electronic and printed resources to facilitate comparison between the 54 extant manuscripts of the three versions of Langland's poem. As of 2007, 5 CDs of material have been published. Some of the MSS already completed include: Huntington Library MS 128; British Library MS Lansdowne 398; Bodleian Library MS Rawlinson Poetry 39; British Library MS Additional 35287; Bodleian MS Laud. misc. 581; and Oriel College MS 79. The project has made use of some original MSS, as well as microfilm and facsimilies. The website provides little free material, but does give information on the background and processes of the project. The electronic archive will facilitate the work of students, teachers and editors of Piers Plowman manuscripts.
'Pif Magazine' is an online literary magazine which aims to use the Internet, as the 'world's most provocative publication medium', for its abilities to large audiences. As a free, quality online magazine, Pif has earned praise from the media and its loyal following of readers since it started in 1995. Its resources are of use to: general readers; creative writers; and English researchers interested in new writing. The magazine is divided into various sections, including: poetry; 'Macro Fiction' (short stories); 'Micro Fiction' (flash fiction); memoirs; music and songwriting; film and screenwriting; craft articles; and art work. The magazine is keen to promote new work, not only to readers, but to publishers and agents and by taking up a free membership, writers and artists can submit their work to Pif for consideration. The magazine also offers a full archive, which can be searched by keyword or browsed by year or subject. This is a highly impressive website, with a clear agenda to raise the profile of quality new writing and art through print-standard presentation and a confident profile.
The Pittsburgh quarterly describes itself as 'a small press literary magazine that grew out of the community writing workshop movement'. The print issue is not currently in regular publication and the magazine maintains its presence with this online version. The Contents page for the current issue links to full-text contributions from contemporary writers of poetry and fiction. The Archive gives access to a substantial number of pieces selected from the last five years, including essays and reviews. There is a link to a detailed calendar of literary events in the Pittsburgh region and to Web pages based at the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh listing related resources in that library and beyond.
'Ploughshares' is the website of a literary journal dedicated to bringing new writing to a larger public. The journal publishes: fiction; poetry; book reviews; and occasionally non-fiction. Ploughshares has a good record of 'discovering' important writers, and has attracted a number of well-known guest editors since the journal began in 1971, including: Seamus Heaney; Derek Walcott; Raymond Carver; Tobias Wolff; and Richard Ford. The website contains a database of over 3,000 stories, poems and articles from the journal, with the exception of the most recent (to encourage people to subscribe). The site also provides biographies of authors and news of upcoming readings (mostly in New York State or Massachusetts). Submission and subscription details are also given, as well as a page of related links. This site would be of interest to anyone studying creative writing, or researching any of the authors involved in this publication.
The Poe Decoder is a website devoted to criticism and interpretation of the works of American novelist Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849). The site is divided into pages on Poe's works, including: "The Fall of the House of Usher"; "The Cask of Amontillado"; and "The Raven", and essays on themes in these works. The pages on each work provide a basic overview of each work, its setting, symbols and context and related links. The pages on Poe's thematics include essays on the relationship between Poe's work and psychology and cosmology. There are useful general links to other Poe resources, including online texts.The site will mainly be of interest to Poe enthusiasts, but students may also find some useful introductory content.
This is the website of the Poe Museum, in Richmond, Virginia, where the American master of gothic horror, Edgar Allan Poe, lived and worked for most of his life. The site covers the story of Poe's life, provides a timeline of current events of the time, and gives details of news and upcoming events at the museum. Opened in 1922, the Museum is a short distance away from Poe's first home and from his first place of work, the Southern Literary Messenger. Known as the father of detective fiction, Poe was both a poet and the pioneer of the short story form - the site offers full-text access to his famous poem, The Raven (1845), and to five of his stories: The Masque of the Red Death (1838), The Cask of Amontillado (1847), The Tell-Tale Heart (1843), The Murders in the Rue Morgue (1841), and The Fall of the House of Usher (1839). A museum guide can be downloaded as a PDF file and an audio tour is available in mp3 format. The link to educational resources within the website has sections for teachers and students, including a sample lesson on Poe, and an online quiz for students. Additionally present are links to other online resources on Poe and his literary output.
Poemhunter.com is a website that freely provides the texts of thousands of poems. The poems include the works of well-known poets from all periods, including such diverse writers as: William Shakespeare; Pablo Neruda; Edgar Allan Poe; W.B. Yeats; Rudyard Kipling; and Katherine Mansfield, as well as poems uploaded by users of the site. In the 'Poets' section, there are brief biographies of 'classic' poets, in addition to the texts of their works. Texts across the whole site can be searched by: title, author; or keyword, and can also be browsed by theme. The front page of the site contains a collection of up-to-date, poetry-related newsfeeds. Users can become members of the site and receive the poem of the day via email. This resource is a useful free source of texts for students of English literature and creative writing, although it would need to be used in conjunction with critical works. The site also provides: a database of quotations; song lyrics; information on music artists and bands; a forum; and a number of 'poetry e-books' which can be downloaded for free as PDF files.
This website, as part of the larger TEAMS Middle English Texts website, provides a very accessible online version of Richard Osberg's annotated edition of the complete works of Laurence Minot. Minot's eleven historical poems, which celebrate a series of victories of Edward I on the Scottish border and on the Continent between 1333 and 1352, are presented in two frames, which simultaneously display the full-text edition (with Modern English translations in the margin) and the footnotes. The footnotes are hyper-linked with the main text, which makes this edition particularly accessible. The site also reproduces Osberg's detailed introduction, with scholarly information on Laurence Minot's life, patronage and poetic style, as well as on the early-fifteenth-century manuscript (Cotton Galba E.ix)in which the poems have been preserved. Finally, the site includes a select, but rather exhaustive bibliography on Minot.
This small but interesting website hosts poetry projects initiated by the BBC World Service. Content is likely to change over time. At the time of writing, the site contains two separate projects, 'The Lyrics' and 'Poems by Post'. The former offers reinterpretations of four classic poems by contemporary poets. The texts of both the original and the imitation it has inspired are included. Audio recordings are available of the new versions, and of each poet explaining their reasons for choosing the poem they did. There is also a short biographical note on the relevant contemporary author. The featured poets are: Andrew Motion, with his interpretation of John Keats' 'On First Looking Into Chapman's Homer'; Jackie Kay, with a Scots version of Robert Browning's 'Porphyria's Lover'; Paul Muldoon, reinterpreting 'Ozymandias' by Percy Bysshe Shelley; and Fleur Adcock, whose 'Miramar' was inspired by Edward Thomas's 'Old Man'. The other project, 'Poems by Post, aims to encourage users to send their own proposals of poems which they would like to hear read. Examples of these, including John Milton's 'Lycidas', or 'The Answer' by a modern Chinese poet Bei Dao, are posted on the BBC website. This collection is then to be broadcast on the radio station.
The Poet's Corner website is a large, ever-growing online library of public domain poetry in English. The site currently publishes over 7,000 poems by more than 700 writers. Well-known poems exist alongside lesser-known works and the breadth of content includes: medieval ballads in middle English; traditional American ballads; popular songs and interpretations of Native American chants; and standard 'favourites' of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Short biographies are provided for many of the poets in the collection. Poems can be browsed via a range of indexes, including: author; subject; title; and first line. The site is aimed more towards the general public than scholars, and although the poems do not come with full bibliographic records, a partial bibliography is provided.
The Poetess Archive is primarily a bibliographical database for studying the literary history of popular British and American poetry, written in the 'Poetess' tradition, and published in collections and literary annuals, during the late eighteenth- and nineteenth-century. It contains over four thousand entries for works by and about male and female writers working in and against the 'Poetess' tradition. The database is searchable by author, by collection, and by criticism. A contents list is provided for each collection and, whilst the number of full-text editions is small at present, there are plans to expand this in the future. The site also incorporates the 'Poetess Archive Journal', a full-text archived journal, edited by Laura Mandell of the Miami University of Ohio, in association with NINES (Networked Infrastructure for Nineteenth-Century Electronic Scholarship).
'Poetics List is an online archive of posts to the poetics mailing list at the University at Buffalo, State University of New York. The list acts as a discussion group for those interested in contemporary poetry. Posts are very varied, including: original poems; announcements of publications or readings; discussions of events such as poetry slams; news stories and political opinions; and a host of other topics. One area that does not seem to receive much attention is 'poetics' in the word's traditional sense, as the analysis of poetic technique. The list is well used, receiving many hundreds of messages each month. The list's archives are searchable, and date back to March 1994. Subscription details are also provided. Students of American or English poetry may find this resource of interest.
The Poetry Archive holds audio recordings of well-known, mostly British, poets reading their own work. The earliest are of Alfred Tennyson and Robert Browning, recorded towards the end of the nineteenth century. Notable twentieth-century poets featured in the archive include: John Betjeman; Edmund Blunden; Simon Armitage; Fleur Adcock; U. A. Fanthorpe; Allen Ginsberg; Seamus Heaney; Elizabeth Jennings; Rudyard Kipling; Louis MacNeice; Christopher Logue; Hugh MacDiarmid; Peter Porter; Kathleen Raine; Michael Rosen; Siegfried Sassoon; George Szirtes; Anthony Thwaite; Hugo Williams; and W. B. Yeates. The archive was the brainchild of Richard Carrington and the Poet Laureate Andrew Motion, who were concerned at the prospect of people losing the unique insights gained from hearing poets recite their own poems. The Poetry Archive is extensive and growing. It may be searched and browsed by poet or poem. It may also be browsed by the region of Britain that each poet is associated with. There are sections for teachers and students, and a 'Children's Archive' for younger users. Video recordings of interviews with contemporary poets are also hosted on the site. This is a well designed site and a key resource for those studying modern British poetry.
The Poetry Archives is an independent website published by eMule, based in the USA. It contains the texts of over 5,000 out of copyright poems by over 140 poets, mostly familiar canonical authors. In addition to the database of poetry, the resource contains a discussion board that is well used, though not particularly academic in content. The site includes a search engine for authors, titles, and first lines. A printable version of the poems is available so print-outs are not cluttered up with the site's navigation and advertisements which sometimes occupy more of the screen than the text. Due to the absence of citations, this site is aimed more at the general public than an academic audience, but nevertheless it may prove a useful source of reference for those looking for individual poems. The site is cleanly presented, and although there is some advertising, it is not too oppressive.
Poetry collections is a downloadable resource from the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) website, available as a zipped PDF file. The three poetry publications by S. Oliver include ' Unmanned', 'Night of Warehouses: Poems 1978-2000', and 'Deadly pollen'. The poems represent a resource for students and academics as reference texts; for the purpose of education and cultural diversity in the fields of literature and English poetics.
'Poetry Connection' is a website that aims to 'showcase quality poetry to literature students and aficionados alike'. The site would make a useful introduction for students new to particular poets or types of poetry, and features a wide range of material from a large number of poets (almost 200 at the time of writing). There is an emphasis on classic works from poets including: John Keats; George Herbert; Alexander Pope; and Lord Byron, but modern works are also included, for example: Carol Ann Duffy and Don Paterson. Poems can searched by keyword, or browsed by author. Author sections include a short biography, as well as the poems, which can be browsed alphabetically by title, or by first line. Poets can also be browsed chronologically. The site provides discussion forums and a comments feature, to encourage dialogue between students and enthusiasts on the featured poems. Users should note that the site contains some advertising.
Poetry Daily is an online and non-profit poetry anthology, newsletter and bookstore. Every day a new contemporary poem is featured, complete with information about the (usually American) author. An archive makes all past poetry available to readers, and includes work by well-known poets such as A. R. Ammons, Yves Bonnefoy and Seamus Heaney. However, of most interest to poetry scholars will be the archive of interviews with writers and the newsletter. Robert Bly, David Lehman and Ruth Stone have all submitted to interviews, which although pitched at the general reader are illuminating and probing. The newsletter is primarily a reviews section, and probably Poetry Daily's most impressive aspect. Some thirty or so reviews are carried at any one time, making the site an invaluable resource for those interested in contemporary poetry.
The Poetry Kit is an international online resource for poets and poetry students. Its strongest feature is that it is consistently moderated by a working poet. The site provides lists of links to: competitions; courses; international events; funding info; How-to Books; other magazines; poetry organizations; poets home pages on the web; publishers, and Workshops. Users of the site can also sign up to receive the free monthly newsletter via email, and follow site updates via Twitter. Poetry Kit also runs online courses in poetry (fees required) at various levels. The site is of value to emerging poets; and a resource for those working on contemporary English poets and authors.
The Poetry Library is the website of a physical library based in the South Bank Centre, London. The library was founded in 1953 and holds the largest collection of modern poetry in Britain. Its collection includes all modern poetry published in the United Kingdom from 1912 and a wide selection of international materials in English dating from the 20th century to the present day. The Poetry Library website provides a catalogue and an online enquiry service as well as: details of current and past exhibitions; news of forthcoming events (poetry readings, appreciation classes, workshops); related links; lists of poetry publishers and poetry magazines; and advice for poetry reading groups. This resource would be of interest to anyone studying or writing poetry.
Poetrymagazines.org.uk is the home of the online archive of digitised 20th and 21st-century English poetry magazines at the Poetry Library, South Bank Centre. The site is part of the library's ongoing digitisation project and is funded by the Arts Council of England. The collection is comprised of over 50 different titles at the time of writing, including: 'Poetry Nation'; 'Orbis'; New Welsh Review; Poetry Scotland; and 'The London Magazine'. The full run of each publication is not available but a fair selection is accessible as well general information such as: the publication history of each magazine; subscription details; and guidelines for submissions. Featured issues provide full-texts of poems, prose, and articles as well as some artwork. New issues are added regularly. The archive can either be searched by: keyword; date of publication; or by magazine title. A well-presented site, this is an excellent resource for anyone with an interest in modern and contemporary verse.
The Poetry of Henry Reed' is a website devoted to the work of English writer Henry Reed (1914-1986). Reed's most famous work is probably the World War II poem 'Naming of Parts'. He is also well known in Britain for his BBC radio plays, which include 'The Private Life of Hilda Tablet', and 'The Streets of Pompeii'. The site provides a great deal of information about Reed, including: details of Reed biographies; bibliographies; the texts of Reed's poems and some of his poetic translations (but not the plays); several pieces of secondary criticism; and links to related external resources. There is also a gallery of photos of the author, as well as some audio recordings of his works. The site also provides links to amusing parodies of Reed's poetry. Students and researchers would find this a useful start to their studies on Reed.
Poetry of the First World War is a website created by enthusiast B.J. Omanson, devoted to all poets active during that conflict, across all nationalities. The site lists poets and gives brief biographical details for most, as well as information on their poetry. The entries are unfortunately not searchable, but can be browsed by poet's nationality and are in alphabetical order. Visitors to the site should be aware that these pages are part of a site belonging to an online book store, and so partially commercial in nature. The site is also elaborately designed, and this detracts a little from the actual detail. However, the list of poets is fairly extensive, and includes: British; German; Canadian; Italian; French; and American writers, and would be of interest to students of Great War poetry, as well as general readers, and is a helpful starting point for further study.
Poetry Portal is a site containing an overview of all things poetic. It has links to online poetry magazines (some of the poems are audio files), information on writing poetry, advice about online communities, publishing, events and courses. Although it strives to be an international website, the majority of information is Canadian and American.The home-page at first glance is a plethora of information and may seem difficult to navigate. The menu bars at the top of the page are a guide to more general and educational information (Poetry Styles, Themes and Poets in Focus) while the links within the page lead to competitions, online chat rooms and e-zine (Little Magazines, Hypertexts) listings. Under the heading Poetry Styles there are suggestions on literary criticism, a bibliography of useful critical theories, and examples of analysis, and there are useful tools for poets in the Poetry ToolBox. The section dealing with poets in focus has a range of works from Ezra Pound, Dante, Chaucer, Virgil and more. Poetry Portal is a site full of information for budding online poets, those who want to explore online poetry more fully, or researchers looking for a listing of online resources. Within each section there are numerous links leading to a myriad of sources discussing American Aesthetics, Online Literature, World Poetry and Postmodern theories. There is also a free online guide to reading, writing and critiquing poetry and a list of poetry events taking place mainly in North America but the site welcomes information on all locations.
The Poetry Project was founded in 1966 in St. Mark's Church in the centre of New York City's East Village. It describes itself as 'a forum for public literary events and a resource for writers', and its contributors include Allen Ginsberg, Alice Walker, Yoko Ono and Michael Ondaatje, to name just a few. The Project organises readings, performances, writing workshops and special events, such as the Annual New Year's Day Marathon Reading; it publishes a quarterly newsletter, an annual literary magazine entitled 'The Recluse', and a series of 'Project papers'. It provides general support for poets, and a resource centre for publishers. The site contains information about the Project's activities, detailing its Mission and History in the About section, maintaining a Program Calendar, and providing access to its Publications and Featured Content (poetry, reading reports, etc). There is also a Project Blog and links to a substantial number of related Resources.
The Poetry Society of America (PSA) was founded in 1910. It organises readings, seminars and competitions, details of which are available on this website. Its current members include a number of major contemporary American poets, although membership is open to all. The main research resource on this site is PSA Resources and consists of links to external sites under the following headings: Poetry Conferences and Festivals; Poetry Journals; Poetry Book Publishers, MFA Programs in Poetry; Literary Organizations and Miscellaneous Resources; and Independent Literary Bookstores. The listing under Poetry Journals currently includes links to the webpages of a number of literary and arts periodicals which publish poetry. Some of these titles have online content, others are simply the home pages of publications with subscription information and current contents. The category Literary Organizations and Miscellaneous Resources also contains much useful information. The Society publishes a journal entitled Crossroads and this site includes some of its content online. While the PSA site is aimed at the general public, there is sufficient content to make it of use to those undertaking research into modern and contemporary American poetry.
The Poetry Society website provides a myriad of resources pertaining to current poetry in Britain. The society publishes one of Britain's leading journals, Poetry Review, which prints poems from new and established poets as well as: interviews; up-coming events; festivals; and competitions. The journal (print version) is available via subscription only, but there is some sample material, as well as lists of contents from issues published in the last two years, available on the site. Selected items from the Poetry Society's lively newsletter ('Poetry News') are also available online. The site also provides: information on National Poetry Day, details of 'Stanzas' (local poetry groups run by the Society nationwide); a Calendar of Events; calls for submissions to their list of 'Poetry Landmarks'; and much much more. The Poetry Society site is a very helpful resource for anyone interested in: reading; writing; teaching; or studying poetry.
'Poetry through the Ages' is an online exhibit funded and published by the Institute for Dynamic Educational Development (IDEA). The site is designed with: the interested reader of poetry; poets; students; and educators in mind, and to this end the content is fairly broad and introductory, rather than highly scholarly, in nature. The focus of the resource is the history of poetry in terms of form, from the very beginnings of human language and art, all the way to the 21st century. Overviews of each form of poetry are divided into several sections: 'Famous forms'; 'Classic forms'; 'Obscure forms'; and '21st century forms', and accompanied by: a short history of poetry as a medium; a section on poetry as a business; and tips on reading poems. Passages detailing form and history are backed up with examples from poets as diverse as: Sappho; John McCrae; Dylan Thomas; and Sylvia Plath. The site also uses an interactive 'node view' as an alternative way of exploring the history of poetry, albeit at a fairly basic level. Lesson ideas for teachers and tips to help writers create their own poetry in each form are also provided. The whole exhibition may be reproduced or displayed for non-commercial purposes, subject to attribution. This resource would be a valuable introduction to the subject for use by English teachers, as well as budding poets and fans of poetry more generally.
The website of the Poetry Translation Centre (PTC) provides information on the centre, as well as the texts of poems. The centre is a charity which translates contemporary poetry from: Asia; Africa; and Latin America, into English of a high literary standard. Poems selected for translation are the work of poets established in their own countries, with the aim of bringing these works to a wider English-speaking audience, and to promote cultural understanding in the UK. Users of the site can browse poetry by: poet (for each of whom a short biography is provided); title; language; or country of origin. A short biography of each translator is also given, with links to the poems they have worked on. Each poem is available: in the original language; as a literal English translation; and as a final literary English translation. Some sound files of poets reading their work in the original language are also provided, in addition to selected videos and photographs. The website also gives details of: the translation process; PTC news and events; and suggestions on how users may help to support the centre's work. This is a valuable resource for anyone studying poetry or translation, or for readers of English poetry who would like to broaden their horizons.
'Poetryclass' is a website offering free resources for poetry teaching at Key Stages 1-4. The site offers a broad selection of material, including: poetry lesson plans; interviews with poets; a discussion area; poetry by children and suggestions for INSET training. The site also offers an analysis of a project run by The Poetry Society with poet Ann Sansom for teacher training with PGCE students at Exeter Unversity, offered as a model for use by others. There is plenty of feedback from schools who have been involved in Poetryclass projects, as well as recommendations for classroom books and links to children's poetry websites. A sample scheme of work is included and references to key stages from the national curriculum requirements. This site is very easy to navigate and is likely to be of interest to undergraduate education researchers or PGCE students.
A selection of poems by John Masefield, these appear on the website of an enthusiast. The poems include Sea Fever, A Wanderer's Song, Trade Winds, On Eastnor Knoll, and The West Wind from the collection Salt Water Ballads, first published in 1902.
Poets' Graves is a charming (if slightly morbid) website that provides an illustrated reference guide to poets' graves. The initial focus of the site was on British poets, American and European poets are now also included. Individual pages are provide for each poet ontaining: a brief biographical summary; information about their death and last resting place; details of any posthumous activities; a quotation from their writings; and links to related websites. The individual pages also include pictures of the grave. Users can browse poets alphabetically or geographically by grave site. The website also features: a glossary of poetic terms; a selection of classic poems; thec complete texts of Shakespeare's sonnets; a timeline; lists of British and American Poet Laureates; a list of Nobel Prize winners; poetry book reviews; and a list of Oxford Poetry Professors. This resource would be of interest to those just beginning to study poetry, as well as interested readers and perhaps also historians.
Poets.org is the website of the Academy of American Poets, an organisation that provides: poetry events, resources and fora in the US. As well as providing information on the Academy and its activities, the site also provides the texts of thousands of poems as well as hundreds of: poet biographies; essays; interviews; and poetry recordings. Featured poets are not restricted to American writers alone, the criteria being that they write in English. Poems can be browsed by 'occasion' (for love, grief, seasonal etc.) or searched by title or author. A section for 'educators' is also provided, which gives: tips and essays on teaching poetry and lesson plans, which although aimed at the American school system, would also be useful for teachers in the UK. This is a large, well-presented site that is regularly updated and offers a great deal to those interested in poetry in general and also more specifically in America. The site is often targeted more toward the enthusiast than the scholar, but the information and electronic texts it provides should ensure it is not without usefulness to the academic.
Pores is an online journal of research into avant-gardist poetics - that is, writing that falls under the banners of neo-modernism, 'linguistically innovative poetry', post-modernism or performance poetry. The journal is a publication of the Poetics Research Centre at Birkbeck College. As well as the full-text open access journal, the site includes details of the Poetics Research Centre's talks on contemporary poetics, and involvement in the programme of Subvoicive poetry readings. Articles include writing by Robert Sheppard, Cris Cheek, Sean Bonney, Robert Hampson and Geraldine Monk. The writing takes the form of manifestos, interviews, critical and theoretical essays, and meditations.
Programmatology (formerly 'Indra's Net' or 'Holography') is a website is created and maintained by the poet John Cayley, and is dedicated to exploring current work in machine modulated poetry. The site is an excellent starting point for undergraduate and graduate university students as well as teachers looking for an in-depth background to machine modulated poetry as well as strong critical resources. Cayley has been developing this technique since the late 1970s and provides links to his writings, including such well-known articles as: 'An Essay on the Golden Lion'; 'Hypertext/Poetext/Cybertext'; and 'Of Programmatology'. The site also provides information on Web works by other authors who explore machine modulated poetry, along with information about John Cayley himself and his publishing company, and links to his own poetry previously only available in print. The site is easy to navigate although some of the pages do require frames and at the time of writing the links section appears not to be working. Downloadable versions of electronic poems require a Macintosh computer.
“The Prose Poem: An International Journal” website is home to the annually published journal and allows full-text access to recent Web Issues, together with full-text access to book reviews and a substantial selection of prose poems taken from the publication’s back issues. The term “prose poem” is itself a matter of some debate, but the concept has its origins in the work of the French poet Aloysius Bertrand (1807–1841), and in Charles Baudelaire’s “Petit poems en prose”. Indeed, the introduction to every issue by the editor Peter Johnson is a defence of this genre. Contributing editors include major American writers such as Robert Bly, David Ignatow, Russell Edson and Charles Simic. In addition, there is information about the editorial board, the submission of manuscripts and subscription to the journal. This is a serious academic site, aimed at practitioners of this form of writing.
This is the website of the R. S. Thomas Study Centre at the University of Wales, Bangor. The Centre was set up following the appointment of Thomas to a professorship at the university in 1998. (He died in 2000). It contains all of the poet's manuscripts. The site includes a full bibliography of the work of R. S. Thomas, and critical writings that relate to him in full or in part. A news section lists conferences and publication projects focusing on Thomas. A links page and contact details are also provided.
The Rakes and Libertines website was produced to accompany an undergraduate course at the University of Southampton run by Stephen Bending. The course surveys English literature from the publication of William Wycherley's 'The Country Wife' to Lord Byron's 'Don Juan', focussing on the figure of the rake or libertine. The site provides: general background information; suggested reading; and issues to consider when studying particular texts. The course covers: Restoration comedy (William Wycherley, George Etherege, Thomas Shadwell, and Aphra Behn); the novelists Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson, Ann Radcliffe, Matthew Lewis, and Jane Austen; and the poetry of Lord Byron and the libertine archetype John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester. The philosophy of Thomas Hobbes is referenced to give a sense of intellectual context. The site also provides: essay questions; links (some broken at the time of writing); and a bibliography of secondary texts. The presentation of the site is slightly marred by the background picture from the Rake's Progress, which is a little too vivid and distracts from the text.
Ralph Waldo Emerson : texts contains the works of Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-82), the nineteenth century American transcendentalist poet, essayist and philosopher. The site was created by Jone Johnson Lewis, who also maintains a site devoted to the transcendentalist movement.Emerson's works are displayed in HTML format which allows them to be browsed by chapter. The site also features a user-friendly search engine which allows users to search Emerson's texts by keyword. The search engine is particularly useful for locating the sources of Emerson quotations. The site also hosts a bulletin board for discussing Emerson's works and his relevance to contemporary American culture. The bulletin board has tended to be used by American high school students who have queries relating to their school papers.
This is the website of the Ralph Waldo Emerson Society, a society founded in 1989 and dedicated to encouraging scholarship on, and appreciation of, the life and work of the American lecturer, essayist and poet Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882). The site provides a bibliography of his work (which includes links to electronic texts) and an extensive list of books and articles about him. Numerous photographs, engravings and drawings of Emerson are reproduced in the 'Images' section and a comprehensive chronology is provided. An 'Emerson Ephemera' page supplies all sorts of interesting information and refutes the long-held belief that Emerson was responsible for commenting: "Build a better mousetrap and the world will beat a path to your door." This saying does not, apparently, appear in any of his published or unpublished work. Emerson was generally considered to be the leading exponent of American transcendentalism, a literary, philosophical and religious movement which flourished in the 1830s and 1840s. He co-founded the movement's periodical 'The Dial' in 1840. His famous 'Essays' were published in two volumes (1841 and 1844). The site offers a biannual newsletter and journal, 'Emerson Society Papers,' which is published in the autumn and spring. It additionally describes the Society's activities, events, conferences, research funding, fellowships and membership details; it posts relevant awards offered by, and events held by, other organisations as well.
This site is an online catalogue of the collection and archive at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro devoted to Randall Jarrell (1914-1965), modern American poet, critic and translator. It has been created and maintained by administrators of the collection. The site contains a complete itemised listing of over two thousand items in the collection. UNCG is home to a substantial collection of Jarrell's manuscripts, the other major collection is housed in the Berg Collection at New York Public Library. Several items may be viewed online through hyperlinks. There are texts of some works such as Siegfried online together with scanned copies of the manuscripts which are decorative rather than informative. The site also contains a useful timeline and a biography of Jarrell.
This website contains critical essays on the American poet “Randall Jarrell” (1914-1965), recent news of interest to Jarrell scholars and a judicious list of links to external resources. The essays are for a university audience and concern: Jarrell’s early poetic output, an edition of Jarrell’s notes made when Ezra Pound won the Bolligen award, and a structuralist reading of “The Bat-Poet”. The links are largely unannotated, but reflect sound editorial judgement. General readers will find links to electronic editions of particular poems, audio recordings, and newspaper articles on Randall Jarrell. Undergraduate and postgraduate researchers will find links to other Jarrell homepages as well as the large University of North Carolina Greensboro (UNCG) Jarrell archive.
The Rape of the Lock Home Page contains an annotated hypertext version of Alexander Pope's 'Rape of the Lock', in English as well as in French and German translations. Also included are: a bibliography of recent articles; a (very) brief biography and timeline; a short piece on the background of the poem; some related material; and links to other sites of interest.The annotations are not especially comprehensive, although there are plenty of links to illustrations of the poem by various artists, in particular Aubrey Beardsley. There are also links to parts of the poem that serve to illustrate particular aspects of the mock-heroic.The site's author no longer appears to be on the staff of the University of Massachusetts, and as a consequence the site has not been updated for several years, and some of the external links have expired.
Raymond Chandler (1888-1959), the American writer of hard-boiled detective fiction, introduced his famous character Philip Marlowe in The big sleep (1939). This site provides a chronology of Chandler's life and a checklist of his works (based on Matthew J. Bruccoli's Raymond Chandler: a descriptive bibliography (1979). There is a section on Chandler's early poetry and prose which includes full-text versions of some of his poems and early essays, and a well-illustrated page listing films for which Chandler wrote the screenplay as well as films based on his books. A section of criticism and scholarship contains the text of a number of essays and reviews by Robert F. Moss and others. Other features of the site are a page of Chandlerisms, a section on Raymond Chandler's Los Angeles, and links to other related sites. This site is a useful introduction to the work of a major writer in an important genre, although it has not been updated since 2003.
Regarding War is the website of a research project run by the Centre for Transcultural Writing and Research (CTWR) at Lancaster University. The project uses photographic images and poetry to communicate individual experiences of contemporary wars, focusing particularly on people living in the north of England. At the time of writing the site consists of a small number of images and texts, but the project is a work in progress. The site gives details of those people working on the project, as well as the aims of the project. More information on the images and poems is provided by a blog, written by the project's poet, Fadir Faqir, and photographer Richard Hanson. This project would interest those studying creative writing and English, as well as art and cultural studies.
Donald Allen (1912-2004) was one of the most important editors and publishers of modern American literature. His work with Grove Press and Evergreen review led to the publication of his influential anthology The new American poetry, 1945-1960 (1960), which included the work of poets from the Beat, Black Mountain and New York schools. His later work involved the establishment of the Four Seasons Foundation and the Grey Fox Press. This site contains a brief biographical and historical introduction and a note describing the scope of the collection of his private papers held at the Mandeville Special Collections Library at the University of California at San Diego. The detailed Container List provided here is an archival guide to correspondence relating to the various presses, to The new American poetry, other later anthologies, and to The collected poems of Frank O'Hara, which Allen also edited. The site also offers a catalogue of Allen's extensive correspondence with other contemporary American poets including: Ashbery; Robin Blaser; Robert Creeley; Robert Duncan; Allen Ginsberg; Jack Kerouac; Michael McClure; Gary Snyder; Lew Welch; and Philip Whalen.
“Lew Welch” (1926-1971) was one of the West Coast Beat poets and his papers form part of the “Archive of New Poetry” in the Mandeville Special Collections Library at the University of California, San Diego. This website contains an abstract, a brief biography of Welch, a note on the scope of the collection and a detailed inventory of its contents, divided into four sections. The first contains Welch’s correspondence with his mother and with members of the Beat Movement (including Gary Snyder and Philip Whalen) and with Donald Allen. The second contains manuscripts of his poems, including notebooks; the third section has printed reviews, announcements, and advertisements; and the fourth contains personal and business records. However, users should now that there are no digitised images or online features to access specific information within the collection of papers.
The Renaissance Electronic Texts website is an online resource that publishes a series of selected English Renaissance texts of printed books and manuscripts. The texts are in plain text, and use the original spelling of the works. The site is published by the University of Toronto Library Web Publishing Group, with Professor Ian Lancashire as the general editor. The site was developed to support Professor Lancashire's English Renaissance courses offered at the University of Toronto's English Department, and is an excellent example of coordinating library publishing to support departmental curriculum. Several of the works represented as new editions in e-text include The Elizabethean Homilies, such as "Certaine Sermons Or Homilies appointed to be read in Churches, In the time of the late Queene Elizabeth of famous memory" (London, 1623), written by Edmunds Bonner, John Harpefield, and Thomas Becon; The English School-maister by Edmund Coote; and Shakespeare's Sonnets.
'Representations of Antarctica' is the online result of a research grant from the University of Tasmania, and it offers a free bibliography of items that feature the substantial depiction of the continent of Antarctica. The website is easy to navigate, and contains every known item of fiction from 1750 to the present day. Also covered are poetry, drama, fictional film and TV. However, comics, graphic novels, animations and BBC radio plays appear to have been excluded from the bibliographies. There is also a bibliography of the literary criticism on the subject. Some of the bibliography entries are annotated. This will be a useful starting points for those researching the representation of Antarctica in fiction.
This website contains the full text of Alfred, Lord Tennyson's poem, The Revenge: a Ballad of the Fleet, taken from English Poetry III: From Tennyson to Whitman: The Harvard Classics, 1909-14. The poem is a romanticised, fictional account of the final action of the Revenge, led by Sir Richard Grenville, against the Spanish Navy in the Azores in 1591. This is published on the website, Bartleby.com, which publishes literature, reference and verse on the internet. There is advertising on this site.
'Review Americana: A Literary Journal' is a full-text online ejournal published by Americana: The Institute for the Study of American Popular Culture. It is a creative writing literary review that publishes poetry, short fiction, short drama (for both stage and screen), essays about the art of creative writing, and essays about the reaching of creative writing. At January 2009 there are six issues available online. Articles are presented as HTML pages. Examples of article titles are: 'Peyote Field of Dreams: Carlos Castenada and the Cultivation of Family Therapy'; 'The Art of Change in the Personal Essay'; and 'Memory Lost, Memory Regained: The Memoirist's Power in Shaping Truth', among others. The website contains details of the editor, the Advisory Board, and the submissions process.
'RhymeZone' is an online rhyming dictionary for writers, poets, lyricists and anyone who enjoys words. It offers a range of resources that would likely be useful also for educationalists working with language, with students of all ages. The concept is very simple : type in a chosen word to find rhymes, synonyms and definitions, with the options to include phrases and organise the results by letters or syllables. Where only a few letters are known, there is a 'Match these letters' option to try to track down the correct form. The word may also be searched for its location in: the works of Shakespeare; in quotations; and in pictures, as well as checked for: spelling; related words; similar words; or consonants only, among many other options. Other features on the site include sections on: 'Shakespeare'; 'Quotations'; 'Mother Goose' (nursery rhymes); 'Famous Documents' (such as the Bible, U.S. Declaration of Independence); 'Quizzes'; and 'Other Features' (which includes dictionary searches). This site is a combination of quirky fun features and elements that may well be invaluable in finding the final rhyme for that poem that's been unfinished for weeks, in tracking down a derivation or preparing classes on language use. It's very simple to use and neatly presented.
This is a website dedicated to the life and work of Richard Aldington, 1892-1962 who, alongside his wife H.D. (Hilda Doolittle) and Ezra Pound, was one of the first three Imagist poets.The site, maintained by Paul Hernandez, has four major sections. The first provides a short biography; the second: a detailed bibliography. 'Other resources' has links to archives with holdings, and libraries with collections, of Aldington's work; it also includes a copy of his birth certificate. The fourth section takes the form of a Richard Aldington Newsletter. Aldington married H.D. in 1913 and together they edited the Imagist magazine 'The Egoist'. His first volume of poetry 'Images 1910-1915' was published in 1915 and his first novel 'Death of a Hero' (1929) achieved popular success. Aldington spent more than two years on active duty during World War One, and 'Death of the Hero' is described by Norman Gates as 'one of the best novels about World War I and a savage satire of the society that RA felt was responsible for it.' His most immediate literary response to the war was his collection of poetry Images of War, such as the poem 'The Lover'. He was a friend of D.H. Lawrence and wrote his biography 'Portrait of a Genius, But...' in 1950.
The Richard Stockton Text Project is an online sharing of research by students on the Richard Stockton College's 'Introduction to Literary Research' course. It is a useful resource for early research, locating secondary source material and models for critical analysis. It also provides helpful background information for the broad range of texts studied, although some of the essays are rather subjective. All, however, offer some useful starting points for further study. This is a developing site to which annotated texts will be added with each new semester. Featured texts include: 'The Deserted Village,' by Oliver Goldsmith; 'A Grammarian's Funeral' and 'Caliban upon Setebos' by Robert Browning; 'Heart of Darkness' by Joseph Conrad; 'Ulysses' by James Joyce; and 'Leaves of Grass' by Walt Whitman. There are also annotated transcriptions of 'The American Weekly Mercury,' Philadelphia's first newspaper, which was originally published in 1719. The main page of this site is simply a list of the material included with links, but each featured text is addressed in detail in a manner which is user-friendly and easy to follow.
The Richmond Review is an online literary magazine, the UK's first to be published exclusively on the Internet (in 1995). The magazine is no longer in production, but the website hosts a great deal of archived material. Among the items written by past contributors are: reviews; interview transcripts; short fiction; and poems. Fiction and non-fiction writers have been highlighted in the magazine over the years, including: Martin Amis; Saul Bellow; Anita Brookner; A.S. Byatt; Jackie Kay; Hanif Kureishi; Harold Bloom; Umberto Eco; and Frank Kermode, and poets including: Helen Dunmore; W.S. Merwin; and Derek Walcott can also be found in the archives. The interviews feature a disparate group of authors including: Alexei Sayle; James Ellroy; and Iain M. Banks. This would be a useful resource for English literature undergraduates and those more generally interested in creative writing.
This website contains the full text of the poem, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, as it appears in The Oxford Book of English Verse: 1250-1900, edited by Arthur Quiller Couch in 1919. This version appears on Bartleby.com, a website which publishes literature, reference and verse online. There is advertising on this site.
This is the home page of the black American poet and Pulitzer Prize winner, Rita Dove. Dove was the American Poet Laureate from 1993 to 1995 and is now Commonwealth Professor of English at the University of Virginia. Her works include 'Thomas and Beulah', a collection of interrelated poems loosely based on her grandparents' life, and the verse drama 'The Darker Face of the Earth'. The website contains a page of 'Comprehensive Biography' and a collection of links to interviews with the author and reviews of her work. The section 'Read' offers samples of her poetry and other texts. There is also a photo album with pictures of Dove since childhood; a German translation of 'The Darker Face of the Earth' available in PDF format; and an article by Walt Harrington about Dove's creative process, 'The Shape of Her Dreaming'. Links to other sites about Rita Dove or her husband, the writer Fred Viebahn are also provided. The page includes as well a short bibliography of scholarly publications about Dove's poetry.
The website of the Robert Bloomfield Society provides information on this society, as well as some biographical information on the poet himself. Robert Bloomfield (1766-1823) was a working-class poet whose poem 'The Farmer's Boy' became a great success in the early 19th century. The society's aim is to bring together those with an interest in the poet, and to promote awareness of Bloomfield and his work through: an annual 'Robert Bloomfield Day'; the society's twice-yearly newsletter; and encouraging publications relating to Bloomfield. The website provides details of these and information on how to join the society. The site also hosts a number of images of the poet and photographs of the places that he lived, as well as: a chronology of his life; one or two of his poems; and a small number of his letters. This site would be of interest to those studying English poetry of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
The Robert Bly website acts as the official home page for the American poet Robert Bly (1926-). Bly's poetry is typically meditative and based upon religious themes. He is the founder of the 'expressive men's movement'. The website contains: some unpublished examples of Bly's poetry; links to online booksellers to promote his published volumes; a number of reviews of his work; a lengthy interview; and a biography page. Several of Bly's essays are also available online, including his introduction to 'The Best American Poetry' (1999). A news section reports recent developments on the site, and an appearances page advertises Bly's forthcoming poetry readings and workshops. This well-presented site should be of interest to admirers of Bly's work and students of modern American poetry.
This is the home page of the Robert Graves Archive: a subject gateway for the poet, novelist and scholar Robert Graves (1895-1985). This site collects together the available poetry, audio files of Graves reading, multimedia resources, and the scholarly materials on the web for the study of his work. In addition it attempts to map and archive significant Robert Graves reference and quotation. The site is compiled by Philip Hunter and hosted by UKOLN at the University of Bath. Despite most pages not having been updated since 2000 (including the News section) this still remains an impressive resource for Graves scholars. Robert Graves was born in London but lived most of his life on the Balearic island of Majorca. His most famous works include the critical study 'The White Goddess' (1948) and the historical novels 'I Claudius' (1934) and 'Claudius the God' (1934). He published over fifteen volumes of poetry, 'Collected Poems, 1959' contains many of the best. His autobiography 'Goodbye to All That' appeared in 1929.
The Robert Lee Frost: ...American poet extraordinaire... website is devoted to the American poet Robert Frost (1874-1963). Users will find a short biography of the man and a good selection of the texts of his poems, including The Road Not Taken; Mending Wall; and Directive. In addition, there are a selection of famous quotes and brief descriptions and reviews of some of Frost’s volumes of poetry. One note of warning, there are pop-ups on this site and these can be very irritating. Furthermore, the appeal of this site is let down by the advertisements and links scattered around the pages. Unfortunately, there is very little worthwhile information on Frost.
This website honours “Robert Penn Warren” (1905-1989), the distinguished academic, poet and novelist, author of “All the king’s men” (which won the Pulitzer Prize in 1946), and a major figure in Southern literature. This online resource contains a miscellany of information about Warren, including a short biography, bibliographies of his works and works about him, essays, and reviews of books about him. The site has many links that include the Centre for Robert Penn Warren Studies at Western Kentucky University and the Robert Penn Warren Circle. The latter pages include full-text versions of recent issues of the Circle’s “Newsletter”. In addition, there are links to specific works by Penn, such as “Flood”, “Brother to dragons” and “Errata-Collected poems”, and other general links to numerous literature and poetry websites.
'Robin Hood - Bold Outlaw of Barnsdale and Sherwood' is a website that traces the Robin Hood legend from its late medieval origins to its current manifestation in popular films and television programmes. The site is written and maintained by a well-informed Robin Hood enthusiast, and is informal rather than scholarly in approach. It is nevertheless intended to be of use to students studying the legend, and contains a good deal of material that should be of academic interest. The site summarises some of the key themes and events of the Robin Hood stories as they have developed down the ages, with sections on each of the 'merry men' and the traditional villains. There is also an essay on the candidates for the 'real' Robin Hood, as well as the other historical figures and legends that have become entwined with the tales. The primary texts of some of the ballads from Francis Child's nineteenth-century collection are provided on the site, and there are also links to online texts and material related to the earlier, medieval texts. There are also a number of personal responses to modern film and television versions of the legend, plus interviews with several notable authors, directors, and scholars. There are even interviews with the Members of Parliament for Nottingham North and for Wakefield, concerning the dispute over where the Robin Hood legend developed.
Roger McGough's home page promotes the poet's works and provides information on forthcoming publications, workshops, and tours. McGough was born in Liverpool in 1937, and is one of Britain's most popular children's poets. He has also published for an adult audience. His latest collections include 'Slapstick' (2008) and 'Selected Poems' (2006), and an autobiography 'Said and Done' (2005). The website lists his works and offers a brief overview of his writing career and achievements, as well as provides some short passages from the poems, including their sample audio recordings. There is a gallery of images of the poet, a calendar of events, and a subscription service for keeping the user up-to-date with the latest tour details.
The Romantic Era is a subsite of the larger Web site, Sonnet Central, and contains sonnets from over 70 poets of the 'Romantic' period. This is not a scholarly site, containing only a perfunctory introduction and failing to provide proper references for the texts it reproduces. Neverthess, as a compendium of poets writing in this form during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, it is a worthwhile collection. Among the most famous poets listed on the site are William Wordsworth (1770-1850), John Keats (1759-1821), Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822), Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834), Lord Byron (1788-1824), Charles Lamb (1775-1834), Robert Burns (1759-1796) and William Blake (1757-1827). A good number of more obscure poets are also included.
This website is an online resource for the comparative study of Gothic and Romantic literature. By studying the Gothic literature that the Romantics read, the connection can be established between the two genres. The website contains pages for William Blake, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, George Gordon Lord Byron, Mary Shelley, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and John Keats. Each page contains references to the Gothic texts read by the poets, as well as comments regarding the evidence of their readings. There is also a large reference guide for further study in eighteenth-century literature including primary and analytical material of Gothic literature, such as the psychology behind the Gothic, or the female element in Gothic. In addition, the resource includes 'A Glossary of Literary Gothic Terms' and a section in progress 'The Term "Gothic" in 1790s, Early 1800s'. Considering its range and focus, this site will be of interest both to students and researchers of Gothic and Romantic literatures.
Rossetti Archive is an online resource collection of resources devoted to the pre-Raphaelite poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882). Maintained by Jerome McGann and the University of Virginia's Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, the site intends to provide complete hypertextual access to all of Rossetti's works, both verbal and pictorial, and all of his: manuscripts; proofs; and editions. It also provides contextual materials and contemporary secondary materials on Rossetti. The site contains: a bibliography; chronology; and biography, as well as: nine sections of material: double works; pictures; poems; prose; translations; manuscripts; periodicals; books; and contexts. The texts are encoded in SGML, and the site provides a search engine to find specific items in the archive. There is also a page of links to other Rossetti sites and materials on the web. The website also features many articles on humanities computing and the digitisation process, with special features on its redesign of 2004, and a 'guided tour' of its previous interface available.
This website provides information about the Rubaiyat ("a collection of four-line verses, often known as quatrains in English"), attributed to the Persian mathematician, astronomer, poet and philosopher, Omar Khayyam (1048-1123). Concentrating on the Edward FitzGerald interpretation (an interpretation rather than a literal translation) of the Rubaiyat, which was first published in London by B. Quatrich in 1859, the website provides the full text of this edition, which contains 75 quatrains. There is also biographical information about Omar Khayyam and Edward FitzGerald, as well as details about the Rubaiyat, including a definition of a Rubaiyat, sources of the Rubaiyat, and a list of the FitzGerald editions of the Rubaiyat in the bibliography. The Rubaiyat Who's Who section includes a list of illustrators of the Rubaiyat, divided into three sections: 1884-1918, the art nouveau period; 1919-1945, the art deco period; and 1946 to date, the modern period. The website draws on research for a recently published book, The art of Omar Khayyam: illustrating FitzGerald's Rubaiyat, which was written by the authors of the website, William Martin and Sandra Mason and published by I. B. Taurus, in 2007. It also covers new developments in the study of the Rubaiyat, including the response to important anniversaries due in 2009.
The Rupert Brooke Society's website gives more information on the society and its activities, as well as details of the poet's life and works. The Society, formed in 1999 by two enthusiasts, works to celebrate Brooke's life and works by arranging commemorative events and talks, as well as publishing a journal. The website provides: details of these events; titles of essays on Brooke that appear in the Society's magazine; links to related websites; details of books on Brooke; and information on Brooke-related tourist attractions. The site also provides the full text of Brooke's poems, taken from the second edition of his collected works, published in 1931. For students of Brooke's work, as well as interested readers, the site also gives information on how to join the society and to participate in its work.
The Rupert Brooke and Friends Web pages are devoted to Brooke's brief First World War military career, and the friends he made at that time. The site provides a virtual tour (through modern and contemporary photographs) of areas, battle sites and memorials relevant to Brooke and his colleagues. The pictures are accompanied by a detailed account of Brooke's military life and his sudden death. The narrative continues on after Brooke's death to follow the careers of his friends and contemporaries, including Brooke's brother William, and Siegfried Sassoon's brother, Hamo. The account also tries to contextualise events by comparing them with what other war poets were doing at the same time. The site is a little confusing to navigate at times, but the story is an interesting one for anyone studying the First World War, Brooke's life, or First World War poets generally. These pages are part of the World War One Poets on the Battlefield website.
A poem, by Marjorie Lowry Christie Pickthall, a Canadian poet, born in England. The poem is taken from the poetry collection Little Songs, which was published in 1925. There are links to other poems in the collection. The text is part of the Representative Poetry Online site, part of the University of Toronto Press.
The website of the Salamander Oasis Trust provides more information on the organisation, which collects, edits and publishes poetry written by servicemen of all nations during the Second World War (1939-1945). Since the war some 20,000 poems have been collected and deposited at the Imperial War Museum, and some of these also published in anthologies. The Oasis poems were written by servicemen and women of all ranks on every battle front during World War II. The website provides news relating to the activities of the Trust (not recently updated at the time of writing), as well as selected poems from the Trust's collection, which can be browsed by author. Of particular interest is a selection of poems most recently published in an anthology called 'The Voice of War' that have been selected by one of the editors of the original Oasis anthology of poetry (Cairo, 1942-1943), Victor Selwyn MBE. These include works by: Les Cleveland; Melville Hardiment; Mary Harrison; Sydney Keyes; Edmund Lowbury; Dennis McHarrie; Spike Milligan; NT Morris; Frank Thompson; and Michael Thwaites. Students of English and history would both find this resource of interest.
This website has been set up to record the public sculpture programme in Lichfield, England, which has been set up to commemorate the tercentenary of the birth of lexicographer and author Dr Samuel Johnson (1709-1784). As well as sculpture, this website will feature artworks in various media, such as videos, sound files and poetry, inspired by Johnson‘s life and works. Where available a brief introduction to the work of leading artists, Peter Walker, David Harper, Dean Kelland, John Lindley, Dan Llywelyn Hall and Celia Houghton, who are involved with this project, can be found on the news and content page of this site. Other sections include film, sound, images and poetry generated by the project.
The Samuel Taylor Coleridge archive, maintained by the Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia, brings together digital versions of some of the author's works and letters, secondary material relating to his life and work, and a few related resources, such as a short 'dictionary' of terms and phrases used by Coleridge, whose meaning may not be entirely obvious to the contemporary American reader, a brief directory of Coleridge-related material on the Internet, and an index of topics. The primary texts are grouped in the following main categories: Poetry; Literary theory and criticism; Political commentary and journalism; Science; Philosophy, Theology, Psychology; and Letters. Unfortunately, the excerpts are not referenced comprehensively, and often are accompanied by little more than the year of publication, the title of the work, and the chapter number (where apropriate). They are well-chosen, however, and well hyperlinked, and the site can be very useful as a teaching aid. The facility to browse the fragments by subject, across the main categories, and the index of topics, are particularly relevant in this context, as is the detailed time line. One other drawback of this resource is the fact that it does not seem to have been updated since 1999.
Edited by Professor Terry Heller of Coe College, The Sarah Orne Jewett Text Project offers online full-text access to a vast array of works by the American author Sarah Orne Jewett (1849-1909) as well as critical and biographical material. Heller notes that the project is an attempt to provide reliable online versions of all of Jewett's published writing. Available on the site are: a selection of stories (including "Strangers and Wayfarers" and "A White Heron"); poems (including: "Dunluce Castle"; "On Star Island"; and "The Old Doll"); novels (including: "The Country of the Pointed Firs"; "Deephaven"; and "The Tory Lover"); children's writing; essays; and letters. The e-texts are supported by a range of research resources including a bibliography of critical material and suggestions for research projects. Also worth noting is the 'Related Writing' section, in which Heller presents full texts of contemporary materials which are not readily available to general readers but which provide useful contextualising information for Jewett's writing. These range from newspaper articles on Jewett herself to discussions of suffrage and the place of women in society. The e-texts can be copied or downloaded for teaching use, and although not searchable, the site is easily navigated and attractively presented. As a source of primary material this site is extremely useful for Jewett scholars, the accompanying critical material making it an excellent site for initial research.
Sassoon on the Somme is a website following the military career of the First World War poet Siegfried Sassoon, focusing in particular on his time on the Somme. The site provides a 'Military Tour' of events, including photographs and detailed descriptions of the battles at: Bois Francais (where Sassoon won his Military Cross); Mametz Wood; Bottom Wood; and Quadrangle Wood. The site also provides: a timeline of Sasoon's entire First World War military career (with links to the Somme battles detailed in the 'Tour'); a bibliography; various maps of the Somme battlefields relating to Sassoon's participation in the conflict; and links to related Web sites. The tour contextualises Sassoon's experiences by comparing them with those of contemporaries such as Wilfred Owen. The accounts of the Somme battles mix anecdotes with military tactics, making them easily readable for anyone studying the history of the Somme battles and the lives of the First World War poets.
The website of The Annual Journal for Vaughan Studies and New Poetry is a useful resource for those interested in the seventeenth-century metaphysical poets, brothers Henry and Thomas Vaughan. As it focuses also on the relevance of their beliefs to modern thinking, featuring modern poetry as well as essays and articles, it is also of use to writers and researchers in modern literature. The Vaughan brothers framed their search for God in their experience of the natural world and the editors of the journal seek to explore themes relevant to the Vaughans, but from a modern perspective. Poets and essayists whose work is included in 'Scintilla' include Anne Cluysenaar, Roland Mathias, Robert Minhinnick, Norman Schwenk and R. S. Thomas. Each issue also features modern visual art in a range of mediums, including wood sculpture and photographs. While the journal is a hard-copy publication, the site features full contents listings for each issue since the first one (1997), selected articles and poems from the journal's archives, and details of 'Scintilla' and Vaughan-related events as well as links to other useful websites. There are also contact details for information on membership and back issues.
The website of the Scottish Poetry Library (SPL) allows serious students, regular readers, and casual browsers access to contemporary poetry written in Scotland - in Scots, Gaelic, or English – historic Scottish verse and poetry from most parts of the world. Contained here is an online catalogue (INSPIRE) of SPL resources, which includes books, periodicals, audio and video recordings and news cuttings, and the Scottish Poetry Index that allows users to search via author, title and subject for poetry material in twenty Scottish magazines from 1952. Furthermore, there are also browse options for finding popular classics, and an A-Z of information about twentieth-century Scottish poets. The homepage contains news items, an events diary, contact details, and a number of links to the services provided by the SPL. Overall, this is a useful and well-presented resource.
Scottish Women Poets of the Romantic Period is a subscription service providing an anthology of primary texts along with selected secondary works. The database contains: 60 volumes of Romantic poetry by 47 separate poets; extensive contemporary critical reviews; specially commissioned essays by leading scholars; and lists of links to related websites. Researchers at subscribing institutions may browse the database by author, work, or secondary essay, or locate material with a flexible search engine. Non-subscribers may view some of the critical pieces free of charge. An introductory essay, discussing the unwarranted neglect of Scottish women poets, is also accessible to all.
Scriptorium is an online digital archive of manuscript miscellanies and commonplace books dating from the 15th to 18th centuries. The archive is the work of a project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and the Faculty of English at the University of Cambridge, and is still progressing. At the time of writing the site gives access to images of three codexes from the University of Cambridge: a French Biblical miscellany from the 1540s; an English miscellany of verse dated c. 1640; and a 16th-century collection of carols in English and Latin. The images are of a high quality and can be enlarged for clearer viewing. The images are accompanied by: a description of the codex; a summary of its contents; and a bibliography. In the future the project hopes to provide access to manuscripts from some of its collaborators, including: the Brotherton Library at the University of Leeds; and Holkham Hall in Norfolk. Users of the site can also access: details of project news and events; a 'Provenance Image Database'; related articles; and a link to an online palaeography course. This site would be of use to those studying western manuscripts and literature.
This website makes available the text of the poem, Sea Dirge, by Lewis Carroll, the author of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Through the Looking Glass, and The Hunting of the Snark, among other works. The poems appears on the website Great Literature Online and there are other poems and prose works by the author on the site.
The full text of the translation of the Anglo Saxon poem The Seafarer, translated by the American poet Ezra Pound. This appears on the website of the University of Toronto English Library. Details of the source of the text are included and there are accompanying notes. There are links to further poems by Ezra Pound and information about his life and works.
This website provides the full text of the poem, Seal Lullaby, by Rudyard Kipling, author of prose and poetry and particuarly well known for The Jungle Book, published in 1894. There are links to several other sea-related poems by Kipling, which include A Smuggler's Song, Big Steamers, The Crab That Played With The Sea, Cruisers, and The Sea and The Hills. The text of the poem is located on a website of Kipling's works.
This website provides the full-text of the poem, Seamen Three, by the English novelist and poet, Thomas Love Peacock. This is taken from the novel Nightmare Abbey, which was published in 1818. Peacock also worked for the East India Company in its last twenty years as chief examiner. Other works by the author include Headlong Hall and Crotchet Castle. The text of the poem is located on Representative Poetry Online, part of the University of Toronto Press website.
This Seamus Heaney website is part of the Internet Poetry Archive of the University of North Carolina. The site offers a useful introduction to the poetry of Seamus Heaney for students and interested readers, providing both hypertext and audio versions of some of his best known poems, including: 'Personal Helicon'; 'Tollund Man'; and 'Casualty'. While by no means an exhaustive list from this prolific poet, the site gives a representative selection, illustrating Heaney's style and concerns. The site also includes: a very detailed and comprehensive biography, with links back to the poems; a select bibliography;and links to Heaney's Nobel citation and the text of his Nobel lecture. The site is easy to navigate and visually attractive without distracting from the essentially text-based nature of its focus.
This is the official website of the English author Sebastian Faulks (1953- ) administered by his publishers the Random House Group Ltd. Although the site already contains a great deal of information about its subject, it was still under construction at the time of review. There are plans to add a FAQs page and a research feature to inform readers how Faulks researches his novels. Already available is a detailed biography; a bibliography; and a page of news with details of his public appearances. A separate page is dedicated to his James Bond novel 'Devil May Care', published in 2008. The section on his other writings includes bibliographical details about his articles in newspapers; a selection of his verse; and some of the parodies he has written and performed on the Radio 4 programme 'The Write Stuff'. Sebastian Faulks' first novel 'A Trick of the Light' was published in 1984. Since then he has written, most notably, 'Birdsong' (1993), 'Charlotte Gray' (1997), 'Human Traces' (2005), 'Engleby' (2007) and 'A Week in December' (2009). Extracts from his novels and non-fiction book 'The Fatal Englishman' (1996) are provided on this impressive site.
'Secreted Desires: The Major Uranians, Hopkins, Pater and Wilde' is a 500-page ebook on literary homosexuality in the British Isles. The book is freely available online as a full-text PDF file, an exact version of the print edition (Masaryk University, 2006). The book examines "Gerard Manley Hopkins’s eroticism" and offers a "close reading of Hopkins’s ‘Epithalamion’", then examines "the breach between Pater and Oscar Wilde". The final section examines the possibility of a "Uranian continuum" that stretches to the present day. The author states that the work is free "to redistribute, [and] include in databases". The author teaches at the Department of English and American Studies, Masaryk University.
Segue is a free online literary journal based at Miami University-Middletown. The journal celebrates creative writing as a process as well as a finished product, and so aims to provide an educational element as well as a literary one. The journal is published annually, and features: fiction; poetry; and creative nonfiction. The website also provides the text of email interviews conducted with authors published in Segue by University of Miami students. A further section entitled 'Writing on Writing' highlights articles on the craft and process of writing, including a number of exercises. Details of how to submit work and a good list of related links are also given on the site. This resource would interest creative writing students as well as those studying English literature more generally.
The ;Selected Poetry of Geoffrey Chaucer' website provides online access to electronic texts of many of the author's best-known works. Several sections of the 'Canterbury Tales' are included, along with: excerpts from 'Troilus and Criseyde', the complete texts of the 'Parliament of Fowls' (or 'Parlement of Fowls'); and 'Truth'. The Hengwrt manuscript was used as the source for the text of the Canterbury Tales, from which: the General Prologue; the Miller's Tale; Reeve's Tale; Cook's Tale; Wife of Bath's Tale; Friar's Tale; Summoner's Tale; Shipman's Tale; and Pardoner's Tale are taken. The site provides basic, partly-annotated electronic texts, with all editorial conventions explained clearly and simply, which may prove useful to undergraduates needing to quickly locate specific phrases or conduct other such searches.
Selected Women Writers of the Harlem Renaissance, created by Jill Diesman, is a bibliographic resource dedicated to a group of American women writers from the period of the flowering of African American intellectual life during the 1920s and 1930s, called the Harlem Renaissance: Gwendolyn B. Bennett, Marion Vera Cuthbert, Alice Dunbar Nelson, Jesse Redmon Fauset, Angelina W. Grimke, Zora Neale Hurston, Nella Larson, Esther Popel, Anne Spencer, and Ida B. Wells-Barnett. The website lists primary and secondary bibliography for each author. Additional links are provided to resources exploring the cultural background and history of the Harlem Renaissance. Altogether, the site is a useful source of references to the works, and accompanying scholarship, for this unique group of artists. It will be of use to students and researchers.
The Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth-Century Sonnets website consists of an anthology of sonnets by various writers of the period. Featured poets include canonical figures such as Ben Jonson, John Donne, John Milton, George Herbert, and Thomas Gray, and a number of less studied figures who made use of the sonnet form, including William Drummond, Lady Mary Wroth, Robert Herrick, Philip Ayres, Thomas Edwards, Benjamin Stillingfleet, George Hay Drummond, William Mason, John Scott, and Henry Moore. The seventeenth-century poets receive much fuller coverage than their eighteenth-century counterparts, although this does in some measure reflect the relative popularity of the sonnet in the different centuries. Very little background information is given about the sonnet form or the featured authors, and there are no bibliographical details. Some of the poems are glossed.
'Shakespeare Authorship Sourcebook' is a website devoted to the enduring debate over the authorship of Shakespeare's plays. Mark Alexander, the editor of the site, is an 'Oxfordian', believing that Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford, was the hand behind the works of Shakespeare. One of the most useful features of the site is the fairly extensive collection of electronic texts from the 16th and 17th centuries, including fiction, drama, and verse. The site also features: articles related to the Oxfordian debate; chronologies of the lives of Oxford and Shakespeare; a links page; a page devoted to the writings of prominent Oxfordians and a page on Shakespeare and the law. This site is well laid out and straightforward to use, and would be of interest to literature researchers interested in the Elizabethan era and the history of the book, as well as in the debates on authorship of Shakespeare's works.
The Shakespeare Online website, developed by Amanda Mabillard, contains an extensive range of material for the study of Shakespeare, of use up to undergraduate level. Most of the plays and poems are available online, though unfortunately no information is given about the edition on which they are based. The site includes essays and study guides for a selection of plays, including: Hamlet; Macbeth; Othello; and Romeo and Juliet. Other sections include: short articles outlining possible sources for Shakespeare's plays; a biography of Shakespeare; an essay on Shakespeare's theatres; a Shakespeare FAQ; an outline of the plot of each of the plays; and a collection of timelines of Shakespeare's life and plays. Referenced articles within the site address a diverse range of topics, from 'Pronouncing Shakespearean Names', to 'Shakespeare's Trap Doors', and include features on the life of Elizabethan actors and close analysis of key characters from Shakespeare's plays. The site is regularly updated and includes weekly topics and daily questions.
The Shakespeare Resource Center is a comprehensive source of information on the life and works of William Shakespeare. The site provides original material as well as annotated links to Shakespeare-related resources elsewhere on the Web. The information and links are divided into sections: bibliographic information about the Bard; a historical look at Elizabethan England; an overview of the four major periods of Shakespeare's works; synopses of his plays; an overview of the authorship debate that has been going since the 1700s; Shakespeare's language; and other links. The site is clearly organised and offers rich and varied information. The resource will be of use both to the student and the general reader, providing a very good overview of Shakespeare's life and work, as well as a starting point for further research.
Shakespeare Searched is a search tool for quickly searching the complete works of Shakespeare by keyword or phrase. It makes use of the services of the Shakespeare Folger Library. The interface is uncomplicated and contains a single keyword search box, and searches may be limited to a certain character and/or play. My test search for "woodbine" revealed occurrences in two acts of the Dream, and one in Much Ado about Nothing. Search results were simply and elegantly shown as text snippets headed by the name of the speaker and with accompanying line numbers. There is also the option to reveal "surrounding text", showing lines from those speaking before and after the search result. Results were returned very quickly, using the Yippy Labs service. Advertising may be served alongside the results. No analysis, opinions, footnotes, interpretations or minor variant texts are searched or offered by the website.
The Shakespeare's Sonnets website offers a plethora of information for English studies and Shakespearean studies students, as well as the interested reader. Although arranged somewhat haphazardly, the site is a labour of love. It offers line by line commentaries complete with illustrations (from more modern sources as well as contemporary engravings and paintings) for each sonnet. Besides explaining the sonnets and the language used, the author of the website also provides the etymology of words and explains how the language was used in its day. Included are also poems by Sir Thomas Wyatt which display a similar line by line explanation and analysis as well as links to portraits of Wyatt. A very detailed source.
Shakespearean Poetry Search is an online database of Shakespeare's poetry combining hypertext and concordance features. Boolean searches allow for the poems to be searched for single words or combinations. Hosted by the University of Northern British Columbia and maintained by Dr Stan Beeler this site makes comparisons of the poems and their phrasing easier. The site includes all of Shakespeare's poetry: the Sonnets; 'Venus and Adonis'; 'A Lover's Complaint'; 'The Passionate Pilgrim'; and 'The Rape of Lucrece'. No indication is given of the source of the texts, but this is still a useful resource for those studying Shakespeare's poetry.
This website contains the lyrics to a large number of traditional sea shanties and sea songs. It was established by an enthusiast, and is popular rather than academic in approach. The author explains the purpose of shanties and the differences between shanties, sea songs, and pilot songs. On the whole, the song lyrics are provided without any additional information about the likely period or region of composition, which is a little disappointing. From their subjects and terms of reference, most appear to be English or American. Despite its limitations, the site should be of interest to those studying folk songs or traditional poetry, or those researching the culture and history of seafaring.
'Siân Echard's Medieval and Arthurian Pages' is a website that brings together links to a number of Echard's own Web pages on medieval literature, which she originally created to support her teaching at the University of British Columbia. The material included is conceived of as being supplementary to Echard's teaching rather than free-standing, but by drawing these resources together she provides a wealth of illustrative material for the study of Arthurian literature, as well as of medieval drama and the lives and works of John Gower and Geoffrey Chaucer. Types of material provided or linked to include: manuscript facsimiles; modern authors' websites; illustrations of Arthurian stories; chronologies; runic alphabets; and information on Arthurian history. This website would be useful for teaching undergraduate literature courses, as well as a starting point for research.
The Sidney Homepage, part of the University of Cambridge Faculty of English site, is dedicated to the life and work of the Renaissance poet and essayist Sir Philip Sidney (1554-1586). The site provides links to the Sidney Journal, a publication concerned with Philip Sidney and the Sidney family and circle. Unfortunately articles from the journal are not available online but lists of articles published can be found for reference purposes. The site also has a link to the pages of the International Sidney Society, which publishes the Sidney Journal.The site lists details of forthcoming conferences of interest to Sidney scholars and provides online resources, including electronic texts, biographical material and contextual material. In addition to pages on Philip Sidney, the site also features information and resources relating to Mary Countess of Pembroke, Sir Robert Sidney and Lady Mary Wroth.
The Siegfried Sassoon Fellowship website provides information on the organisation founded to celebrate the life and work of this poet and writer. The organisation is as yet fairly small (around 150 members at the time of writing) but fairly active, producing a journal and holding an annual conference as well as talks and other related events. The website gives details on: how to join the Fellowship; the organisation's annual conference; 'Siegfried's journal' (a twice-yearly periodical); and recent and forthcoming events, as well as: photographs relating to Sassoon and the Fellowship; a short biography of Sassoon; and a small section on new books relating to poets of the First World War. This website would be of interest to those studying Sassoon's work, or poetry if the First World War.
Signatures is a biannual, peer reviewed humanities journal that is developed by the University of Chichester with the aim of providing an interdisciplinary forum for scholarship and debate among those interested in literary, theoretical, historical and philosophical studies. In addition to articles and conference papers, Signatures also publishes poetries and short stories. Unfortunately, the journal was suspended in 2002 owing to a lack of funding. This website allows access to all 5 volumes published between the 2000 and 2002. They are presented in PDF, thus requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader which can be downloaded from the site. The journal was edited by Duncan Salkeld.
Silksoundbooks is a commercial website that features the work of a group of noted British actors, who have banded together to create high-quality downloadable audio books of "the greatest works of classical literature". Books are unabridged, and on payment are delivered as standard MP3 audio files without DRM (Digital Rights Management) protection. Since these are full books, users will require a fast broadand connection to download the files. 60 books are currently available, and the website states that 1,000 more audio books will be created before 2010. Actors are said to take shares in the venture, in lieu of performance fees. Recordings are made at a professional London recording studio, and Silksoundbooks says it seeks to cast "the perfect voice" for any particular book. A free email newsletter is available, for details of new audio books.
The 'Englishing of Romance : familiarising Sir Orfeo' website is the complete text of a university thesis (by Robert Sanderson, University of Liverpool) on 'Sir Orfeo', a Middle English romance. This romance has been dated to the late thirteenth or early fourteenth century, and is identified in its prologue as a Breton lay (a short story composed in rhyme, similar to those of Marie de France). The thesis discusses: the sources of the Orpheus myth; 'Sir Orfeo' as a Breton lay (including sections on the Celtic elements in 'Sir Orfeo'); and 'Sir Orfeo' as a minstrel text. This website would be useful to students studying lays or romances as genres, as well as 'Sir Orfeo' more specifically. The thesis does not provide the full text of the romance itself, but instead points to editions in the bibliography.
The Sir Philip Sidney World Bibliography is a fully searchable list of printed material by and about the Elizabethan poet Sir Philip Sidney. The site includes: an introduction to the bibliography; a guide for users; and a section where users may submit additions or corrections to the material in the bibliography. The site also provides an accessible essay on Sidney scholarship by Project Director Donald Stump of St Louis University, which introduces the life of the poet and sketches the critical reception of his work over the last 400 years. In addition a short links page directs uses to other sites useful to Sidney researchers. This resource would be invaluable to students and researchers working on Sidney and his era.
The Sir Walter Scott Web pages are part of the pre-Victorian pages of the comprehensive 'Victorian Web' website, and offer a biographical and critical introduction to the author. A Romantic novelist, poet, translator, editor, critic and biographer, Walter Scott pioneered the form of the historical novel and exercised a profound influence on the fiction of the 19th century. Achieving fame initially as a poet with works such as: 'The Lay of the Last Minstrel' (1805); 'Marmion, A Tale of Flodden Field' (1808); and 'The Lady of the Lake' (1810), Scott's literary standing reached new heights with the publication of 'Waverley' in 1814, a landmark of world literature, followed by novels such as 'Rob Roy' (1817) and 'Ivanhoe' (1819). The Web pages provide essays and other resources, divided into sections: 'Biographical Materials', including a biographical essay which sets Scott's work in the context of the early 19th-century literary climate; 'Literary Relations' (more contextual information); 'Artistic Relations' (Scott's influence on art and literature); 'Cultural Contexts'; and related links, including the excellent Scott Digital Archive at the Edinburgh University Library. Students of Romantic and Victorian literature would find this resource of interest.
Created by Lisa L. Moore, Associate Professor of English and Women's and Gender Studies, this website brings together literary and historical materials that document painting, poetry and garden design in English culture from 1700 to 1832. The website is broken into sections covering: beautiful, gothic, neoclassical, picturesque, romantic and the sublime. Within each of these sections the pages are organised under the headings of architecture, painting, poetry, landscape and gardens. The introduction also includes a section on Mary Delany. High quality images are provided for each section, together with poems that influenced landscape designers and painters.
'Sixteenth Century Ballads' is an online database dedicated to ballads that were meant to be sung. The database is the work of Greg Lindahl, who, in addition to the plain text database, also provides an introductory article on 'The Music of the sixteenth-century Broadside Ballad' (incomplete at the time of writing). On the website there are also partial transcriptions from some prominent hardcopy collections of broadside ballads, as well as links to a good selection of other online broadside ballad resources. This resource, although incomplete, would be of interest to music historians, as well as students of English literature.
Sixteenth Century Renaissance English Literature (1485-1603) is a website that offers links to resources in Renaissance literature. The home page provides links to information on an extensive range of authors, including: John Skelton; Thomas Wyatt; Philip Sidney; Edmund Spenser; Thomas Nashe; Christopher Marlowe; John Foxe; Queen Elizabeth I; Aemilia Lanyer; Michael Drayton; and William Shakespeare. Other links on the home page lead to a database of articles. Some of these articles are by students rather than established academics, and so will be of limited interest to specialists, but such articles are clearly identified. The full text of various academic articles from Early Modern Literary Studies are also available. Perhaps the most useful section is the link to Renaissance resources. This provides an exhaustive list of articles and monographs on cultural and historical topics relevant to the period (for example the Reformation, the Gunpowder Plot, 1605), which can be read online. The site would be of use as an introduction to students studying Renaissance literature and its context, and a pointer to further reading on specific authors of the period. The site is attractively illustrated with images of sixteenth century art and has won an impressive list of awards for its design and content.
The Smartboard website is the work of Philip Atkinson and is designed with the primary purpose of publishing and publicising his own work 'A Study of our Decline' and to make available those pieces of literary criticism that Mr Atkinson feels are worthy of preservation. He has therefore made available full-text versions of some notable examples of criticism, including: J. H. Fowler on Joseph Addison (including Samuel Johnson's essay on the English dramatist and essayist, plus Addison's own essays for the Tatler and the Spectator); Jocelyn Brooke on John Betjeman and Ronald Firbank; Derek Hudson on Lewis Carroll; H. S. Davies on both De Quincey and Anthony Trollope; James Sutherland's preface to 18th-century poetry; J. B. Priestley on William Hazlitt; Ernest J. Simmons' Introduction to Tolstoy's Works; John Ruskin's 'Of the Pathetic Fallacy' and A. A. Tilley's 'The Essay and the Beginning of Modern English Prose'. Articles can be browsed by title. Many of the longer works are given tables of contents for ease of navigation. Although the content has no apparent common unifying thread apart from Mr Atkinson's personal preferences, Smartboard's collection of literary criticism does have the benefit of providing the research student with access to difficult to find and out-of-print works, and hence would be recommended as a resource.
Sonnet Central is a web-based archive of English-language sonnets from the Middle Ages onwards, with commentaries and useful links. The site is also a forum for poets to share and discuss their own work. As a resource for English students up to undergraduate level, this site offers easy access to the sonnets themselves and basic research information. Sonnets are grouped by period and country of origin, but can also be browsed by author, or via the java navigation page. Users of the site should note that it is aimed at the general reader, and texts have been modernised. However, the site brings together a wide range of material and would be useful as a starting point for more detailed research, or as a contact-point for aspiring sonnet-writers. Texts and links to critical essays, as well as a wide-ranging annotated bibliography are also available on the site.
The Sonnets from Ireland website is a collection of Irish sonnets from a short list of Irish poets. While the sonnet has been highly influential and visible in English literature since the Elizabethan period, the Irish sonnet and its poets are less known. While many of the poets are nineteenth-century poets, their sonnets differ from those of their English counter-parts in various ways. There is less adherence to structure, and their rhyme and meter have a significant Celtic feel. In addition, there is an essay entitled The Folly of Being Fourteen Lines: William Butler Yeats and the Wild Irish Sonnet by Mike Alexander that discusses Yeats and his unruly and rebellious use of the sonnet form. The pages contained in Sonnets from Ireland form part of Sonnet Central, a website that contains an archive of English sonnets and allows poets to discuss and share their works.
Spenser and the Tradition: English Poetry 1579-1830, is an online database archive of around 25,000 items, both poems and prose, relating to the life and work of the Elizabethan poet Edmund Spenser. The documents trace developments in English poetry from the work of Sir Edmund Spenser onwards, and responses to his work by people, locations and institutions. The material in the database illustrates the way in which poets respond to events of their times under the influence of inherited poetic tradition, and also the way reading itself has changed and developed. Writers represented in the archive range from the famous to the unknown, including many who rarely appear in standard poetry anthologies. The core material consists of: poetry by Spenser or in imitation of his style; poems perceived as Spenserian in style by secondary critics; poems that imitate Spenser's own imitators; and poems that refer to Spenser by name. Alongside this is a large amount of material which derives from Spenser, either in form or style, covering a span of two hundred and fifty years. This resource will be of use to literature scholars at all levels, offering a large amount of primary and secondary source material while also managing to give an overview of the development and creation of poetry as part of the culture in which it is written. Full search instructions are included, along with background information on the project.
The E. E. Cummings Society promotes and studies the works of the American poet and painter Edward Estlin Cummings (1894-1962). Their website is dominated by the annual journal 'Spring', but contains a lot of other material as well. There is a page introducing the Society, a chronology, a bibliography (including its shorter version in 'Deciphering Cummings'), and texts of various Cummings poems. There are pages dedicated tp the people and places mentioned in the poems, whilst a 'notes' section gives more detailed interpretations of particular lines. There is a page of images relating to Cummings' life and the usual selection of links to other websites. A brief article explains that the poet's name should be written with standard capitalization, and not as lower-case 'e. e. cummings', as is often presumed. A news section informs of the latest activities of the EEC Society, and the page 'In Memoriam' provides a collection of tributes to the work of late Cummings scholars and Society members. The journal itself is reproduced in part. The contents page of each back issue is provided, with some, but not all, of the articles reproduced in full. Subscription information is supplied. This is a useful website, and a required reading for those studying Cummings.
The St John's College Robert Graves Trust website promotes the life and work of the: poet; novelist; classicist; critic; and historian. Graves was the author of I, Claudius and Claudius the God and was also a survivor and poet of the First World War. This site presents information about Graves and his works, as well as about: the Robert Graves Society; the St John's College [Oxford] Graves Trust; the St John's College Robert Graves database project (which will track the location of the mass of letters that Graves wrote during his lifetime); and the journal, Gravesiana. The site includes a complete bibliography of Robert Graves as well as a selection of online essays and audio recordings. Also available on the site are: a discussion board; recent news and events relating to Graves and his work; and Society news. English students and anyone interested in Graves' work would find this site of use.
'Strange Horizons' is a weekly online 'speculative fiction' magazine. The editors of the magazine define speculative fiction as 'what is more commonly known as "sci-fi" but which properly embraces science fiction, magic realism, slipstream and a host of sub-genres'. Its approach to speculative fiction is thoughtful as well as enthusiastic, making it a useful resource for researchers in literature and creative writing. The magazine is produced by volunteer staff and aims to 'raise the readership, appreciation and status of speculative fiction across the different forms of media'. Published items (freely accessible online) include: poetry; short fiction; articles; and reviews, and searchable archives of all these are provided. Once each month, an art gallery is included featuring the work of one speculative artist. Works by authors including: Jo Walton; Alex Irvine; Tim Pratt; Theodora Goss; Bruce Boston; and Richard Chwedyk have appeared on the site, as well as art by: Colleen Doran; Frank Wu; and Mark Heath. The articles provided cover a wide range of topics within the genre, including: gaming; fantasy literature; music; and film and readers are encouraged to provide feedback through an interactive forum. Submission guidelines are included for articles, fiction, poetry and artwork.
The Cross-Cultural Poetics Website is home to the peer reviewed, electronic journal Streetnotes. The journal is published twice yearly and features poetry, articles and photography dedicated to the representation, documentation and analysis of domestic and urban social spaces and topographies from around the world. Emphasis is placed upon moments of social interactivity occurring on roads, streets, highways and byways. This repository of poetic and pictorial representations of places of cultural and historical significance may be of use to anyone researching aspects of the poetics, politics or philosophy of space in modern or post-modern literature or culture. The articles are freely available online. Subscriptions are invited.
'Stride Magazine', published by Rupert Loydell, has been through 33 print editions as a poetry magazine, and is now reborn as a webzine. It is no longer published as separate issues, the contents being updated and archived on site. 'Stride Magazine' is a forum for new poetry (primarily in English, but occasionally in other languages), translations, reviews, essays, and news. Contributors include John Kinsella, Peter Riley and Penelope Shuttle, and among the many articles can be found discussions of major English-language poets such as John Ashbery and Allen Fisher. As the site is easy to navigate and the texts easy on the eye, it should be an invaluable resource for students of contemporary poetry.
The Surfing for Shakespeare Web page provides an annotated list of links to sites and resources primarily of use to students and scholars of Renaissance English literature. The list is split into sections, which include: directories and maps of Britain; library catalogues and resources; UK universities; general English literature search tools; Renaissance literature search tools and reference sources; and general reference tools. The list is navigated via an index at the top of the page, which makes the long list of links more manageable. The list would be useful as an introduction to the literature of the period, with links to information on some of the major authors (the most comprehensive being on Shakespeare) and also to contextual information on the Renaissance in England.
This is the website of Surrealism Plays.com, a website dedicated to surrealist literature and avant-garde theatre. “Surrealism was a literary, artistic and revolutionary movement, founded in Paris during the 1920s”. The website includes short biographies of writers associated with the surrealist movement such as Andre Breton and Federico Garcia Lorca. Avant-garde playwrights covered include Bertolt Brecht, John Paul-Sartre and Samuel Beckett. The section on surrealist poetry contains five poems by Federico Garcia Lorca, Andre Breton, Antonin Artaud, Robert Desnos and Benjamin Peret. There is a bibliography covering surrealist literature and theatre. Other sections include: surrealist artists; publications and news; images and links to other relevant websites. There is also a link on the homepage to Andre Breton’s ‘First Manifesto of Surrealism’ (1924).
The Swinburne Project is an online virtual archive devoted to the works of Algernon Charles Swinburne. The aim of the project is to make Swinburne's complete works freely available in an accurate and readable form. At the time of writing the archive is undergoing a re-launch using a new framework, and only texts of Swinburne's poems and documents relating to his letters are available on this site. The site does however provide a link to texts of the author's prose works at the website of the previous incarnation of the archive. Currently available on this site are a number of Swinburne's collections of poetry, including: 'Poems and Ballads' (the complete first series and some of the second series); 'Erechtheus'; 'Tristram of Lyonesse'; 'Studies in Song'; and 'Songs of the Springtides'. Among the prose texts available in the old format are: 'A Study of Shakespeare'; 'Four Plays'; 'The Age of Shakespeare'; 'A Study of Ben Jonson'; 'Contemporaries of Shakespeare'; 'John Ford'; and 'Beaumont and Fletcher'. The poetry can be searched by keyword or by bibliographical information. This site would be of interest to Swinburne researchers and students of his works.
This website has been developed by a German Plath enthusiast, and is targeted at anyone interested in learning about the American poet Sylvia Plath, who committed suicide in 1963 aged just 30. Plath was married to Ted Hughes, who edited and published her Collected Poems. The website contains a guide for students just starting work on Plath. This recommends which primary texts should be read, and which critical texts are of most use to younger students. It essentially acts as a short annotated bibliography. There is also a biography of Plath's life and a longer bibliography that lists the various editions of Plath's published works in both America and Britain. This bibliography includes rare editions, audio tapes, and videos. The texts are not themselves available from this site, although there are links to Amazon.com for those wishing to purchase hard copies, and links to other Web pages containing the texts of the poems. Another bibliography lists secondary works. The site does contain some secondary critical essays, which have mostly appeared previously in journals such as 'Women's Studies' and 'Modern Language Studies'. There are further sections on translations of Plath's work; pictures; and poems inspired by her. There is also a good list of links to external sites devoted to Plath.
'The System of W. B. Yeats's 'a vision'' is a website intended primarily for students, and is devoted to providing background information and commentary on W. B. Yeats' esoteric system, as expounded in 'A Vision' (1925 and 1937). Yeats's occult work grew out of his wife George's attempts at automatic writing shortly after their marriage. It developed into a system of associating traits and roles with people and historical periods according to the phases of the moon, and was based around the symbol of the gyre. The symbolism underlying 'A Vision' is present in much of Yeats' later poetry. The website does not attempt to present a sustained argument but rather explores a number of particular facets of the book and the system, and related topics. The site is divided into sections, including pages on: gyres and geometry; the phases of the moon; the tinctures; the faculties; the wheel; the principles; the notion of the daimon; and the concept of the 'great year'. Alongside the commentary, there are sections on: the editions of the book; automatic script; and other esoteric systems. Some contemporary reviews are reproduced and the site also hosts a good bibliography. Pages are nicely illustrated with relevant images, diagrams, and poetry extracts. The site should prove a useful resource for undergraduate students studying the later poems of Yeats. It may also be of interest to anyone studying aspects of early 20th-century occultism.
T. S. Eliot is a website offering texts and concordances for the poetry of the Anglo-American, modernist poet, T. S. Eliot (1888-1965). The site concentrates on Eliot's work up to and including The Waste Land (1922). The full-texts of Eliot's poetry and his first volume of essays, The Sacred Wood, are available. Useful annotations are provided for "Burbank with a Baedeker: Bleistein with a Cigar" and The Waste Land. There are plans to annotate further poems.The site also includes a critical bibliography and a list of Eliot links.This is a valuable introductory resource for Eliot's poetry.
The Ted Hughes Homepage is created by Ann Skea, Hughes scholar, friend and author of 'Ted Hughes: The Poetic Quest' (University of New England Press, NSW, Australia, 1994). It is intended to be a resource for all who enjoy Hughes' work or who are studying it and contains links to the full text of many of Skea's academic essays on Hughes. A very useful timeline is provided listing events in his life and publication dates for the major poems and works of criticism. Links are provided to other Hughes-related websites. To many critics, the English poet Ted Hughes was the leading British poet of his generation. Best known for collections like 'Lupercal' (1960) and 'Crow' (1970) and, of course, his much discussed marriage to Sylvia Plath in 1956. He was also the author of several children's books including 'The Iron Man' (1968), selections of other poets' work and a number of plays.
The 'Tennyson page' is a website written by a University professor, which offers information and advice on the study of Tennyson and his works. The site is divided into several sections, including: poems; 'Tennyson's Life'; 'Books about Tennyson'; 'Tennyson 911'; and 'Tennyson Images'. The poems section provides the full text of some of the poet's best known works, with dates and original publication information. 'Tennyson's Life' is a timeline of major events in his life and career. 'Tennyson 911' consists of advice for students writing a paper on Tennyson's work, with a link to a brief bibliography (in the 'Books about Tennyson' section, latest works listed are dated 1994). The images section provides numerous portraits of Tennyson, as well as a number of illustrations of his more famous works. This site would make a useful introduction to the poet for students.
Terrain Gallery is the website of a New York City gallery that has held exhibitions continuously since 1955. The first director of the gallery, painter Dorothy Koppelman, based the gallery's motto - 'in reality opposites are one: art shows this' - on a statement by poet and philosopher, Eli Siegel. Artists such as: Alex Katz; Roy Lichtenstein; Claes Oldenburg; Chaim Koppelman; Richard Anuszkiewicz; and many others have exhibited work in the gallery over the years. The website provides a history of the gallery, written in 2005 to celebrate the gallery's 50th anniversary, as well as sections on art history and criticism, and 'Eli Siegel on beauty', both of which discuss the philosophical idea of Aesthetic Realism (founded by Siegel in 1941). A link to the Aesthetic Realism Foundation is also included, as well as links to other Siegel resources. Students of art and critical theory more generally would find this resource of interest.
'Text: journal of writing and writing courses' is a full-text refereed ejournal. The journal is published twice a year, and at February 2009 the website offers an archive of back-issues that run from 1997 to 2008. The journal offers academic articles, plus poetry and book reviews. Example article titles include: 'Conceptualising creative writing practice using Pierre Bourdieu's framework '; 'Creative writers on campus/at universities' (a history); 'The Holocaust in fiction for young people'; and 'Draining creativity: the teacher-writer in the vampire academy', among others. Articles are available in plain HTML format. There is a useful "Index by Subject". The website has details of the editors and submissions process.
Textetc.com is a website devoted to "the craft and theory of poetry: composition, analysis and improvement of literary work". The site introduces different forms of poetry, divided here into 'traditional' and 'modernist', discussing their structure and style, as well as listing relevant poets and outlets for the various poetry types. Poetic movements discussed here include: romanticism; classicism; realism; formalism; conversationalist; surrealism; expressionism; minimalism; and postmodernism. There are also sections devoted to literary criticism and theory, with pages describing the various schools of criticism and the main theorists, complete with bibliographies and links to related sites. In addition to these, the site provides 'workshop' and 'exhibition' sections, which use poems and translations of poems by the site's editor, Colin John Holcombe, to illustrate the types of poetry discussed on the site. The 'resources' section provides related links and a bibliography of around eight-hundred books and printed sources referenced on the site. This resource would form a comprehensive introduction to the arts of poetry and criticism for students of English literature and creative writing.
'The Brownings: A Research Guide' is a major research project intended to facilitate scholarship relating to Robert Browning (1812-1889) and Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861). The project will span four separate phases and is expected to last for over twenty years. The first phase is the compilation of a bibliographic database recording all known Browning-related materials, around 70,000 items in total. The database is still work in progress, but it is functional and expanding rapidly. Eventually, the project aims to have the complete texts and relevant images of each item online. The site offers several searchable resources: the Browning Collections Catalogue of the poets' library, first works, presentation volumes, manuscripts, likenesses, works of art, household and personal effects, and other associated items; a checklist of both poets' correspondence; a contemporary reviews database detailing reviews published between 1826 and 1890; a bibliography of printed works by and about the Brownings; a supporting documents database of catalogues letters, journals, diaries and memoirs that relate to the Brownings; the full text of Lady Laylards's journal (a friend of the Brownings'); and a catalogue of the Joseph Milsand archive of related materials. Each resource may be searched by several criteria, including: date; document location; author; recipient; or otherwise as appropriate. The compilers invite users to submit additions and corrections.
This is the full-text of the poem, The Fish, by Rupert Brooke, taken from The Collected Poems which was first published in 1915. Brooke served in the Royal Naval Division in World War One and died during the Dardenelles expedition in 1915. The text of this poem appears on First Science.com.
The Philip Larkin Society, founded in 1995, exists to promote awareness of the life and works of Philip Larkin (1922-1985). The Society organises events and publishes the 'About Larkin' newsletter. The website contains information about joining the society; details of the Society's annual programme of events; a short biography of Larkin; a selected bibliography of works by and about Larkin; the tables of contents and excerpts from the About Larkin newsletter; noticeboard; a poem of the month by Larkin; and links (lightly annotated) to further Internet resources about Philip Larkin.
The Tyger is a Web page that discusses critical reaction to William Blake's poem, 'The Tyger', and provides an extensive bibliography. First published as one of the 'Songs of Experience' in 1794, 'The Tyger' has become one of Blake's most popular poems and attracted a great deal of critical attention, especially during the 20th century. This site summarises the various strands of criticism, and describes the approaches taken to the themes of the poem and the issues the poem raises. The discussion and bibliography are the work of Bruce Borowsky, formerly of the University of Georgia, but are now hosted by Professor Nelson Hilton at the University as part of the Blake Digital Text Project.
The Victorian Web, a website devoted to nineteenth-century British literature and history, has a section dedicated to the novelist and poet Thomas Hardy (1840-1928). The main menu page is divided into the following categories: Biography; Works; Economic Contexts; Politics; Science; Literary Relations; Visual Arts; Religion; Genre and Mode; Themes; Imagery; Characterization; Related Resources; and Leading Questions. Clicking on a category opens a sub menu comprising of contributions from various scholars, a major contributor being Philip V. Allingham of Lakehead University. A biographical timeline of Hardy is provided, and amongst the Hardy works considered in the various essays are Tess of the d'Urbervilles; Jude the Obscure; The Mayor of Casterbridge; A Pair of Blue Eyes; The Romantic Adventures of a Milkmaid; and The Return of the Native. There is also a comparative study of imagery in both the works of Hardy and Joseph Conrad (1857-1924), as well as an interesting section devoted to the illustrations of Hardy's novels. In addition there is a photo-gallery of places associated with Hardy's life and works. However some of the links, although excellent in themselves, are of minor relevance to Hardy and lead back to broadly contextual essays from The Victorian Web with only a few passing references to Thomas Hardy.
The Wanderer is an online edition of the Anglo-Saxon poem of that title, put together by Tim Romano (Swarthmore, Pennsylvania)) and based on digital images taken from the facsimile published by: R. W. Chambers; M. Förster; and R. Flower in 1933. The design of the website enables simultaneous viewing of: the original manuscript page: the Old English transcription; and related palaeographical notes (the latter obtained by clicking anywhere on the manuscript image). The editor also provides a glossary of Old English, with grammatical forms found in the text. There is also: a commentary; bibliography; and a free translation of the poem. This would be a useful resource for students studying Anglo-Saxon literature in the original language.
The William Hone BioText presents online resources for the study of William Hone (1780-1842), British bookseller, editor and publisher. The overall aim of the project, prepared by Kyle Grimes of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, is to investigate the influence of Hone on popular print or literary culture in the nineteenth century; Hone was known for his satirical works and successful court battle against government censorship in 1817. The site includes biographical notes (including an index of correspondence); an extended essay on 'Discursive Hosts: Hypertext and the Crisis in Literary Biography'; detailed bibliographies and archival repositories relating to works by and about Hone; and a collection of full text electronic texts of Hone's works (including 'The Man in the Moon'; 'Official Account of the Noble Lord's Bite!'; 'The Bullet te Deum; with the Canticle of the Stone'; and 'Buonaparte-phobia; or, Cursing Made Easy to the Meanest Capacity').
Theory and Practice in English Studies (THEPES) is a full-text ejournal published in English by Masaryk University in the Czech Republic. Issues from 2003 and 2004 are freely available online, in PDF format. Example article titles on topics in British literature are: 'A Barking Dog?: Manchester Writing and English Regional Culture'; 'Patterns of Crossdressing in Shakespeare’s Comedies'; 'Ruth Rendell/Barbara Vine: Social Thriller, Ethnicity and Englishness';''The Divine Friend, Unknown, Most Desired’: The Problematic Uranian Poets'; 'The Czech Reception of Irish Literature: the 1930s'; and 'Scottish National Identity in the Works of James Kelman', among others. There are also a notable number of articles on aspects of linguistics, and pedagogy. The journal is published by the Department of English and American Studies, Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University.
The Thomas Gray Archive is an interactive hypermedia repository for the study of the life and works of English poet Thomas Gray (1716-1771). The Archive consists of two major sections: primary texts, and Materials. Whilst the former contains searchable electronic editions of Gray's English texts, extensive collaborative commentary, a concordance and the digital library of important editions, the latter comprises secondary resources such as a biographical sketch, a chronological table of Gray's life and works, a select bibliography of printed materials, a picture gallery, and links to related online resources. The Archive is aimed at the general reader as well as professional scholars. It is intended to be developed as a structured, interactive platform for collaborations by its users. This is a clearly-presented site that is quick and easy to use. It is likely to prove especially useful to those wishing to compare the annotations of former editors.
The website of the Thomas Hardy Association (TTHA) is an extremely impressive project run by academics across the globe. It offers a multitude of resources devoted to the life and works of the novelist and poet, Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), as well as an opportunity for TTHA members to participate in discussion groups. There are sub-sections devoted to Hardy's: life; novels; poetry; and short stories. A chronology of Hardy's life is also provided, with links to related extracts from various biographies. A bibliography and reviews of the major biographies are available. The picture gallery offers images of the author and his family. Other resources available include: primary and secondary bibliographies; original illustrations; and Hardy's prefaces to his novels including: Jude the Obscure; Tess of the d'Urbervilles; Far from the Madding Crowd; The Mayor of Casterbridge; and The Return of the Native. There is also a section devoted to dramatic productions of Hardy's works staged during his lifetime. Members can order any of the association's publications, and view updated lists of recent Hardy criticism. Details of up-coming conferences and events are given, and Hardy-related websites are listed and reviewed.
The Thomas Hardy Resource Library is a gateway of links and resources devoted to the English novelist and poet Thomas Hardy (1840-1928). The site provides links to e-texts of works including: 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles'; 'Return of the Native'; 'Far From the Madding Crowd'; 'Jude the Obscure'; and many others, including Hardy's poetry. Links to a number of articles on Hardy's works are also provided, as well as links to reviews on recent publications about Hardy, and to collections of texts useful for further study on the author. In the last thirty years, there has been great interest in Hardy film adaptations, and these web pages recognize this interest with a selection of links to: articles; film sites; photos; and sound clips. There is also a section on sites relating to Dorset, also including Hardy's map of 'Wessex', and a comparative map of Dorset and Wessex. This site would be a good starting point for the study of Hardy's life and works.
The website Thomas Hardy's World offers comprehensive information about the life and work of the novelist and poet Thomas Hardy (1840-1928).The site was produced as a result of collaboration between academics at: Gettysburg College; Franklin and Marshall College; and Dickinson College in the United States. The resource offers a critical introduction to all aspects of Hardy's writing, and users can access separate pages on: Hardy's novels; short fiction; and poetry. Notes on the publishing history, serialisation and reception of Hardy's novels is provided, along with helpful contextual information for students of Hardy. This includes a timeline of Hardy's life with hypertext links leading to photographs of Wessex locations, and of Hardy's two wives, Florence Dugdale and Emma Hardy. The site would be an extremely useful starting point for those looking at Hardy's work from an historical or biographical perspective. However links to the library catalogue at Gettysburg College entries appear to be broken.
This is the website of the Thoreau Society, a society founded in 1941and dedicated to the promotion of the life and work of the American writer and naturalist Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862). The Society collects books, manuscripts, artefacts and publishes two journals: The Thoreau Society Bulletin and The Concord Saunterer. The website has a brief biography, a chronology, a page containing his selected thoughts, and a list of references. The Resources page contains links to other important Thoreau sites including the Thoreau Institute at Walden Woods and The Thoreau Reader. The regularly updated News and Activities sections provide information about upcoming events organised by the Society and others. Henry David Thoreau is best known for Walden (1854), an account of his experiment in simple living, and the essay Civil Disobedience (1849), advocating passive resistance, which much influenced Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Junior. He also wrote many essays, poems and reviews, some of which were published in the transcendentalist magazine The Dial.
This text, published under the title 'Thunder of Thought, and flames of fierce desire': William Blake's Transformation of the Gothic Tradition, represents the body and bibliography of a paper presented by Jennifer Randonis at the third annual Graduate Students' Conference on Romanticism held at Emory University, Atlanta in April 1996. As the title suggests, the paper discusses the Gothic quality of Blake's work and proposes that Blake's attitude to identity, language and discourse is partly shaped by a peculiar but genuine Gothic sensibility, and is articulated with the help of a set of altered Gothic conventions. It focuses primarily on the 'Book of Urizen', which it sees as illustrating a number of significant traits of the complex relationship between Self, the Gothic, and the nature of Blake's sublime.
This website is a collection of articles about Harold Pinter, the British playwright and Nobel laureate in literature. This resources has been compiled by the New York Times (NYT). The website includes articles ranging from news, an obituary, theatre and film reviews and photos. There is an audio slide show where Ben Brantley talks about the Broadway revival of Pinter’s play ‘The Homecoming’. There is also a list of online resources about Pinter selected by researchers and editors of the NYT. This resource, although from a journalistic perspective, would be of interest to researchers interested in the life and works of Harold Pinter
'The TLS centenary archive' is a commercial online research archive, offering access to the back-issues of The Times Literary Supplement (TLS). This library-oriented archive is available in a "fully searchable image format" that covers "5,000 weekly issues" said to contain "about 250 million words". Until 1974 contributors to the TLS were anonymous, but this website reveals their identities and has highly detailed information about TLS contributors. The website also contains a free and full-text 23,000-word history of The Times Literary Supplement, "The TLS and its contributors" by Deborah McVea and Jeremy Treglown. The website also has details of the holdings of the old print-based TLS Archive at News International Record Office in London. Since the TLS has long published new and original poetry on its pages, this archive is effectively also an archive of poetry.
This website provides the full text of the poem, To The Virginian Voyage poem by the English poet Michael Drayton (1563-1631). The poem is taken from English Poetry I: From Chaucer to Gray, a volume from the Harvard Classics series which was published 1909-1914. Other poetic works by Drayton include England's Heroical Epistles (1597-99), The Moon Calf (1627) and Nymphidia (1627). The text appears on the website Bartleby.com, which contains searchable online literature and verse. There is advertising on this site.
This Internet Archive page contains a free ebook edition of a public domain book by Richard Buckley Litchfield, titled 'Tom Wedgwood, the First Photographer: An Account of His Life' (1903). This scrupulous and scholarly biography includes a great many letters as well as the whole text of the famous 1802 paper "An Account of a Method of Copying Paintings upon Glass, and of Making Profiles, by the Agency of Light upon Nitrate of Silver". The book is a prudent and balanced work of scholarship based on a sound inspection of Wedgwood's well-preserved papers and letters, and thus it is still a valuable resource today. The author was not, however, in a position to evaluate either Wedgwood's metaphysical thought, or the influence of his 1802 paper between 1802 and 1839 - recent scholarship has since overturned his assumptions on both topics. The author appears to have been brave enough, even in 1903, to drop numerous heavy hints about Wedgwood's likely homosexual nature. The book also contains a significant amount of information about Wedgwood's patronage of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, although it would seem likely that Coleridge scholars have since overtaken the account given here. The book has been professionally scanned from a copy held in the library of the University of California. In PDF form (38Mb) it overlays copyable and accurate OCR text over scans of the original pages. There is an index.
The website "The Traditional Ballad Index" is a large database of bibliographic information about ballads and folk songs in English. The actual texts of the ballads are not reproduced, but there are descriptions of the content of each song, information about the first known text and its geographical origins, its author (where known), and alternative titles. Additional comments note possible derivations from other songs or traditional stories and legends. Each record lists the sources in which the ballad was found, both written texts and audio recordings. The ballads date from the medieval period to the early twentieth century and mostly originate in the British Isles or North America. The database may be downloaded to a local host (in various formats) or searched by keyword via the Internet. This fascinating resource should be of interest to those researching popular literature and cultural history.
Transnational Literature is a full-text scholarly ejournal. It is published from Flinders University in Australia. The first issue was published in November 2008, and at September 2009 there are two issues online and freely accessible. Issues contain articles, an extensive range of reviews of fiction, review essays, and some poetry. Example article titles include: 'The Way OUT is the Way IN: Junk and the Subversion of the Nation/Symptom in William Burroughs' Naked Lunch'; 'Good Versus Evil in Austen's Mansfield Park and Iris Murdoch's A Fairly Honourable Defeat'; and 'Absence and Presence in Isabel Allende's The House of the Spirits', among others. The website has full details of the editor and Editorial Board, calls for papers, and there is also a mailing-list for notification of books available for review.
A Tribute to the Poet, Ogden Nash (1902-1971) is a site devoted to the American comic poet Frederick Ogden Nash.The site features a brief biography of Nash. The site's main feature is its selection of poems, which have been grouped by theme. Themes include love, husbands, wives, children, health, wealth and life.The site is currently one of the few online resources related to Ogden Nash. It is of interest to enthusiasts of Nash or to anyone keen to become acquainted with a recent master of comic verse.
Twentieth-Century Poetry in English is an award-winning gateway for information on twentieth-century poets (and some novelists) in English. There are eleven separate pages devoted to individual poets, including T.S. Eliot, W.H. Auden, Ezra Pound, Robert Frost, James Joyce, Wallace Stevens, Robert Lowell, and W.B. Yeats. Each of these pages features a poem, a print bibliography, and a wide range of links to the poet's works and to web pages, mailing lists and concordances related to the poet. There is also a comprehensive links page which provides a range of links for over 140 poets, listed alphabetically. A further page provides links to general poetry sites. This is an excellent resource for finding sites related to individual poets.
'Uncovering Old English Texts' is a website designed by Professor Susan Oldrieve of Baldwin-Wallace College, Ohio, together with students of her undergraduate course on Anglo-Saxon translation. The aim of the site is to provide access to translations of Old English texts and research by Oldrieve and her students, for the use of other undergraduates. The site provides student translations of a number of well known poems, including: 'The Wanderer'; 'Deor'; 'The Battle of Maldon'; and 'The Wife's Lament', as well as an 'Introduction to Anglo-Saxon Life' and translations of: 'The Battle of Maldon'; 'Exodus'; 'Genesis B'; and 'The Wife's Lament' by Professor Oldrieve. Each translation has its own preface, usually written by the translator. A number of useful Old-English-related links are also provided.
This website describes an AHRC-funded research network, bringing together scholars with collectors and performers of folksong and poetry, to “discuss the fate of non-canonical poetry/folksong in the period 1770-1820”. This radical and anti-establishment poetry has long been overlooked, and the opportunity has only recently arisen to discuss it from an intra-national perspective (with the history of the British Isles seen as a complex and contradictory “zone of cultural conflict and creation” between and within the four nations). The website provides a fuller background, and a programme of the network’s 2008 conference.
This website describes the special collections and archives held at the University of Leicester Library. There is a particular strength in holdings related to Leicester, from personal papers of local literary figures Sue Townsend and Joe Orton to archives relating to the history of science and medicine in the area. The collection is more wide ranging than this however, encompassing labour history, European history, 12th-20th century manuscripts, 17th century prints, incunabula and early children's books. As well as briefly describing the contents of each named collection, the website includes access information.
This website documents the special collections held at the University of Paisley Library. Collections are wide ranging – including material relating to shipbuilding, aeronautical and local history; Archives of the University, the Community Relations Council and the Colour Chemistry Archive and Ayrshire Sound Archive; political material including Burgh records, UK, Scottish and European Parliamentary Papers (of Norman Buchan, Hugh McMahon);a substantial Penguin Specials Series (1938-1988); Railway Maps from the demolished St Enoch’s station, Glasgow; papers relating to the Scottish Community Charge; together with literary and artistic material, including the Scottish Poetry Library; Scottish Schools Essay Competition Archive and collections relating to notable individuals including Hugh MacDiarmid, Konrad Hopkins and L.F.Richardson. All the collections are described on this website, and many have additional material such as catalogues, illustrations and bibliographic material available to download.
This website documents the extensive library special collections of the University of Stirling. The collections are particularly strong in their coverage of Scottish literature, with personal archives from poets, including James Hogg and Norman MacCaig, alongside material related to figures such as Walter Scott and Helen B. Cruickshank. Two of the most important collections that are held at the University are the Lindsay Anderson Archive (personal and working papers, diaries, photographs, memorabilia and his personal library) and the John Grierson Archive (papers, photographs and other material). There is also coverage of politics, from radical left-wing literature, to documents and pictures relating to Napoleon Bonaparte. Other collections relate to scholars at the University and rare books and manuscripts. The website details the content of each collection, with information about searching and accessing material.
The online resource 'University of Toronto English Library' is described as 'the main undergraduate and graduate site for students and faculty of the Deparment of English', University of Toronto. Considering its content and comprehensive character, it will be indeed of use to all students of English language and literature. It includes a sizable full-text collection of poetry, drama, prose and non-fiction works, together with a few items of criticism on George Eliot, and characters in William Shakespeare's plays. Users will notice, however, that access to some of the pages with texts of literary works is restricted to the University of Toronto students, staff and faculty. The website also contains a glossary of literary theory and Linda Hutcheon's essay on 'Irony, Nostalgia, and the Postmodern'. There are pages dedicated to the history of English language and English composition. Each of these pages provides a list of annotated references and links to relevant resources. The site also contains pages of a number of projects and research centres: Epistolarvm - The Evelyn Letters Project; The Northrop Frye Centre. A number of links to faculty home pages are available, along with undergraduate and graduate course pages - often featuring useful bibliographies. The site also hosts the full catalogues of the Toronto University Library.
Using Computer Technology to Teach Medieval Texts is a website that introduces to the technophobic academic methods and ideas for class-based teaching using computers. The emphasis of the site is on strategies for incorporating technology into teaching rather than on the actual content of lessons, although sample lesson plans are provided, mostly concerning the General Prologue to Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. The site begins by introducing hypertext and the possibilities for students to publish work on the web. It then goes on to look at the potential of online discussion groups. The benefits (and disadvantages) of CD-ROMs are pondered. Finally there are links to other websites developed to help with the teaching of medieval texts. Throughout the site, annotated links are given to materials and more technical courses that might supplement the basic discussion provided. The sample lesson plans are mostly fairly obvious, but may be of help to the tutor lost as to where to begin. This site will prove useful to academics thinking of using electronic teaching aids, but unsure as to how to go about it. Although aimed specifically at those teaching medieval literature, much of the information on the site is applicable across subject boundaries. The emphasis is on class-based assignments, but a little creativity should suggest other potential teaching applications.
"The Victorian Sonnet" website contains sonnets by over eighty Victorian poets. The website gives a very brief introduction to the poetic climate of the nineteenth-century, covering some of the major figures whose sonnets are included on the site. The list of Victorian sonneteers is impressive, with many names that would be recognizable to those with little background in Victorian literature. Among these names are: Dante Gabriel and Christina Rossetti; William Morris; Algernon Charles Swinburne; Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning; Oscar Wilde; Benjamin Disraeli; Thomas Hood; and Thomas Hardy. This website would serve as a useful starting point for students of Victorian poetry, but the texts are modernised versions and are presented for the general reader rather than for research purposes. The poems are in text format, but not easily searchable other than by using the alphabetical author index. The site is part of the Sonnet Central website, which hosts: archives of English sonnets; relevant links; and a discussion forum.
This is a website on 'Victorian women writers: a guide to electronic texts', containing electronic texts of many major and lesser known 19th-century women writers. The website features a useful introduction outlining the advantages and disadvantages of electronic texts and their usage. The texts are arranged alphabetically by author's surname and the range of authors represented is comprehensive. The website also features an annotated list of links to major e-text archives. Some of the e-texts are reached more directly than others (some require going through two links rather than one) but all of the texts are accessible. There is also a bibliography on topics relevant to the website, for example Victorian literature, women authors and the use of computers as a research tool.
The Video Jukebox and Poetry Jukebox Web pages are part of an agents' website and provide audio and video files of poets reading their work. Poets included in the collection include many relatively contemporary writers including: Lemn Sissay; Benjamin Zephaniah; Moniza Alvi; John Hegley; Jackie Kay; Zena Edwards; and Tom Leonard. Payment is required in order to play the video files (either per item or via annual subscription) but over 60 audio files of readings are available for free. The site would be useful to those with a passing interest in poetry as well as English students, and poets. The project receives funding from the Arts Council of England.
One of the digital text projects, run by the Institute for Learning Technologies at Columbia University in New York, this is the full electronic text of Virgil's Aeneid, as translated into English from the original Latin by John Dryden. The text is taken from the Harvard Classics, Volume 13, first published in 1909. The Aeneid tells the story of the voyage of Aeneas, who has been instructed by the gods to found the city of Rome, following the destruction of Troy. There are links to the text of each of the twelve books.
The Guardian author site for W. H. Auden (1907-1973) provides a general introduction for those unfamiliar with this British poet. The tab 'Biography' provides basic facts concerning Auden's life, as well as the literary and cultural significance of his works. The section 'Latest' gives access to the various newspaper articles about the poet that appeared in The Guardian in the previous years. As well as general critical and cultural reflections, the articles include the texts of poems such as 'Refugee Blues', and 'September 1, 1939'. There is also a 1936 review article about Auden's poetry by Basil de Selincourt. Links are provided to other Auden websites.
The W.H. Auden society commemorates the life and work of English poet W.H. Auden (1909-1973).The site offers a list of books by Auden, links to some of his poems, and a selective list of recordings of his readings and of musical settings of his poems. There are plans to add a biography. The site provides recent news of publications and events of interest to Auden's readers, reports of work in progress, and brief scholarly and interpretive notes. Included also are selective lists of published criticism and biography, links to other websites, and the archives of the Society's newsletter. The newsletter, which is published twice annually, is included on the website seven years after its print publication.The site is recommended for enthusiasts and scholars of W.H. Auden.
This online resource is devoted to the American poet Wallace Stevens (1879-1955), and is maintained by Alan Filreis, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania. The site is a collection of links, images, and hypertexts relating to Stevens, his poetry, and correspondence. The site is extensive but not comprehensive, and includes both primary and secondary sources. There are several contemporary reviews and contextual items.
The website of the Wallace Stevens Journal is the online home of this publication, published quarterly since 1977 by the Wallace Stevens Society. Wallace Stevens (1879-1955) was an American poet whose works characteristically explore the dualism between concrete reality and the imagination. His poems include: 'Sunday Morning'; 'Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird'; 'The Snow Man'; and 'The Emperor of Ice Cream'. The website provides: tables of contents for every issue; a subscription form; and information about the Wallace Stevens Society Press. The full-texts of journal spanning its first twenty-five years may be purchased from the site on CD-ROM. An online concordance to Stevens' works is also provided on the site, as is a brief list of links to related sites. Students and researchers working on American literature would find this resource of interest.
The Walt Whitman Archive is an online collection of resources and links relating to one of the most influential American poets of the 19th century. The archive is designed as a research and teaching tool for students and scholars of Whitman, and includes digitised images and transcriptions of: Whitman's works; proofs; and first editions. The website includes: facsimiles and transcriptions of all the editions of Leaves of Grass; an extensive searchable bibliography; a biography with links to photos, maps, and short essays about Whitman's friends and associates; contemporary reviews of Whitman's works; and a small number of teaching materials. A rare early recording of a reading of Whitman's poem 'America', believed to have been made by Whitman himself, is also available on the site as an MP3 file.
The Walt Whitman Quarterly Review is a scholarly ejournal, published quarterly by The University of Iowa as the official journal of the Walt Whitman Studies Association. The most current issue is only published online as a table of contents, but at May 2009 the website gives free access to nearly all issues from 1996 to 2008, with a gap in availability during 2004 and 2005. The journal publishes essays, reviews, short notes, bibliographies. Example titles of articles freely available online are: 'Damn 'em, God bless 'em!: Whitman and Traubel on the Makers of Books'; 'From Language to Empire: Walt Whitman in the Context of Nineteenth-Century Popular Anglo-Saxonism'; and 'Redrawing Whitman's Circle', among many others. The website has extensive details of the journal, its editors and Editorial Board, and the submissions process. The website also offers a searchable 'Current Bibliography of Whitman Scholarship', as well as a complete index to its own articles and reviews.
This is the official home page of the Walter de la Mare Society, which celebrates and promotes the works of the poet, novelist, and essayist Walter de la Mare (1873-1956). The website contains a brief biography and chronology of the author, a bibliography of works by and about de la Mare, and a section on the artwork accompanying his publications. De la Mare's own writings are not reproduced on the site, presumably for copyright reasons, but several academic essays are included in electronic form. The site also gives information as to major library holdings of manuscripts and letters by de la Mare. Details of how to join the Society are given along with news of upcoming conferences, lectures, and events. The site also hosts a discussion forum although most of the entries consist of short queries trying to identify particular poems.This is a straightforward author-appreciation site that caters for academics thinking of researching de la Mare as well as interested members of the public. It would repay a visit by anyone interested in Walter de la Mare.
The Wanderer Project is an online resource that examines the Anglo-Saxon poem 'The Wanderer' both in the original language and in translation. The project is the work of Dr Rick McDonald of Utah Valley University, and is one of a number of medieval English language resources provided on his home page. The site provides images from the Exeter Book manuscript of the poem, as well as four modern English translations of the text (including one by the author of the site). Also available are: readings of the text (as wav files); a glossary; and a 'poetic transcription' of the original Anglo-Saxon text. This resource would be of use to University students studying Anglo-Saxon literature and language.
The War Poetry website provides access to war poems from the First World War to the latest conflict in Iraq, as well as bibliographical information on poets of the First World War. The site is owned by Saxon Books, and is partially commercial, advertising anthologies of First World War poetry from the publisher. However, the site does give access to the texts of a few First World War poems, including: 'Dulce et Decorum Est' and 'Anthem for Doomed Youth' by Wilfred Owen; and 'Peace' by Rupert Brooke. More readily available are more modern works from: the Vietnam War; the Falklands War; Kosovo; and Sierra Leone among others, some written by former soldiers. The site also provides comment and views on the various wars, as well as links to related websites. This resource would be of interest to students of war poetry as a genre, and more particularly those studying modern literature.
This is Professor Tim Kendall's blog about War Poetry, concentrating primarily on the prose and poetry of the First World War (1914-1918), but also the Second World War (1939-1945). Prof. Kendall is an expert on twentieth century British and Irish war poetry at the University of Exeter. His occasional posts are always insightful and focus in particular on his current research interests: American poet Robert Frost (1874-1963), and the poetry of Frost and Edward Thomas (1878-1917); and (with Philip Lancaster) Ivor Gurney's poems. As well as the author's opinions some of his posts can be mini-essays, and often review resources available online and published more traditionally.
The War Poets Association website belongs to the UK-registered charity of the same name. The aim of the Association is to promote interest in poets whose subject is the experience of war, and also in the historical context of their lives and works. The charity does not confine its interest to one period or nationality, but as it states on the site: "the primary focus [is] on conflicts since 1914". The site gives short biographies of a number of poets (mainly from the First and Second World Wars) as well as: short introductions to major conflicts; news on publications and events relating to war poets and the Association itself; the latest edition of the Association's newsletter; and links to sites relating to individual war poets. The website is designed to provoke interest in this subject and point to useful further reading, rather than provide many texts of the poets' works, and as such is a useful introduction to war poetry for students and general readers alike.
The War Poets Collection is a website belonging to Napier University in Edinburgh, the home of a collection of documents relating primarily to First World War poets Siegfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen. The collection is held at the University's Craiglockhart campus, the site of which was formerly a military hospital where Sassoon and Owen first met, and where some of their poems were written. The website gives general information on the more than 400 items in the collection, as well as visitor information for the related exhibition, and more on the history of Craiglockhart. Of particular interest to students and researchers of the two poets' works are the transcriptions of issues of 'The Hydra', the magazine produced at the hospital from 1917-1918, which was edited by Owen for a brief period, and which published several of Owen's and Sassoon's poems for the first time. The site also provides teaching materials for students at the Scottish standard and higher level. The site also links to other relevant websites, as well as the Napier University Learning and Information Services (NULIS) catalogue, where all items in the War Poets Collection can be found.
'War, Literature and the Arts' is a full-text ejournal, published from the Department of English and Fine Arts at the United States Air Force Academy. At April 2009 there are 11 issues freely available online, with additional tables-of-contents for issues from 1989-1999. The journal offers scholary articles, poetry, fiction, personal accounts and memoirs, interviews, and reviews. Example article titles on British topics include: 'Henry V: Shakespeare's Just Warrior'; 'Ghost Imagery in the War Poems of Siegfried Sassoon'; 'Victory from Defeat: The War Office and the making of Dunkirk (Ealing Films, 1958)'; ''We Will Remember Them': The Poetic Rewritings of Lutyens' Cenotaph'; and 'Siegfried Sassoon, Fellow-traveler: Poetry, Socialism, and the British Veterans’ Movement'. The website can be searched by keyword. The journal is also available in paper form, and the website has details of back-issues and subscriptions. There are also details of the aims, editors, Editorial Board, and submissions process.
The Web Concordances and Workbooks website at Dundee University offers online poetry concordances and study guides to be used alongside them. Concordances are available for the poetry of: Percy Bysshe Shelley ('Selected Poems' 1816-21); Samuel Taylor Coleridge ('The Ancyent Marinere'); John Keats ('The Odes of 1819'); William Blake ('Songs of Innocence and of Experience'); William Wordsworth and Coleridge ('Lyrical Ballads'); and Gerard Manley Hopkins ('Poems', 1918), while workbooks are available for: Keats; Blake; and Coleridge. The latter provide background information on the poets and their works, and also pose questions intended to assist users to see how the concordance can further their understanding of the poet's themes, vocabulary and style. The site is an excellent resource for students working on the Romantic poets. Researchers studying these poets can also use the concordance to locate quotes or to study developments in the poets' vocabulary.
The online version of the Weber journal contains essays and writing "providing insight into the culture and environment of the contemporary western United States". This covers the subjects of the environment, cultural diversity, applied ethics, gender, economics, education and public policy. The genres published in Weber include biography, poetry, fiction, personal narrative and criticism. There is a Reading Room page which contains topically organised archival material, prose and poetry. The West Links section refers the reader to other online resources, grouped thematically as Culture and History, Environment, Government, Politics and Law, News and Information. To celebrate the Sundance Film Festival, Weber's annual winter issue has a film focus. The journal's remit is broad and its strength lies in its exposure of quality writers working away from the mainstream of cultural studies. As a platform for other voices it is excellent, and access to the back issues is unlimited and free, although the material is copyrighted. Altogether, it is a comprehensive and interesting website, and it will be of use to students, researchers, and general public interested in arts, culture and literature of the western United States.
WebLiterature is a digital repository with one of the largest collections of literature classics, offering over 650 titles by more than 350 authors. The collection includes works by Plato, Aristotle, Alexandre Dumas, Honore de Balzac, John Milton, Thomas Hobbes, Arthur Conan Doyle, Charles Darwin, D. H. Lawrence, Leo Tolstoy, Franz Kafka, Niccolo Machiavelli, Mark Twain, Agatha Christie, Edgar Allan Poe, George Orwell, Hermann Hesse, and many others. All works appear in full-text and can be accessed free of charge. The collection is divided into two main sections: the Complete Classic Online Literature Library and the Popular Classic Online Books Section; the former lists authors alphabetically, then linking to individual works, whereas the latter provides one long list of approximately 150 titles. Unfortunately, these titles are not copied across sections, so for example, Hobbes' Leviathan can be accessed via the Popular Classic section, but it will not be listed in the Complete Classic Library. Another problem that the user may be facing is the navigation between pages. Despite these drawbacks, however, and considering the size and range of this collection, WebLiterature is commendable to general readers who will certainly appreciate the choice and accessibility of so many titles. Students and scholars should be aware that the site does not provide details about the editions upon which the texts are based.
What the Thunder Said is a site devoted to the works and life of the Anglo-American modernist poet T.S. Eliot (1888-1965), also known as the author of plays, such as 'Murder in the Cathedral' and 'The Cocktail Party', and a literary critic. The site is organised around four main categories. 'Timeline' offers an overview of Eliot's life and career, The 'Works' pages feature the texts of his early poetry, including 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock' and 'Gerontion', as well as 'The Sacred Wood', a volume of early critical essays, and many other. The section 'Resources' provides links to other websites concerned with the work of T.S. Eliot, as well as the full text of Eliot's article 'The Possibility of a Poetic Drama', as it appeared in 'The Dial' in November 1920. 'Etcetera' includes brief information on 'Tom & Viv', the 1994 film about the poet's troubled relationship with his wife. Unfortunately, the site provides little secondary or critical information on Eliot. Also, although it can be useful for those interested in finding online texts of Eliot's poetry, a significant number of works listed here appear only in title, their text not being provided. The user will also observe that, due to copyright problems, for the full text of Eliot's works, and relevant bibliographical information, the site links to other resources. The advantage of this resource is the fact that it brings together what other sites feature separately: the texts of Eliot's poetry and essays, and secondary criticism, even if these can be accessed only via relevant links.
The Wilfred Owen Association (WOA) website provides information on the poet and his life, as well as some details of the association itself. This information is accessed via menus at the side of the main page, under the headings: 'His Life'; 'Virtual Tour'; 'Memorials'; 'His Poetry'; 'Web Links'; and 'WOA'. The biographical section is comprised of a timeline of major events in Owen's life, and photographs of his close family. The 'Virtual Tour' consists of photographs of places where Owen lived and also of relevance to his life as a soldier in the First World War. The poetry section provides texts of Owen's poems, and a short essay on each of them. The site would be helpful to anyone studying First World War poetry, and of course Owen in particular. The site gives contact details for the chair of the WOA, for those interested in joining or finding out more about its activities.
The Wilfred Owen multimedia digital archive (WOMDA) aims to improve online access to primary source material relating to Wilfred Owen and to preserve this material in a digital archive. The archive provides scans of original documents relating to Owen, and also information about the First World War in general. The type of material available from the site includes: Owen's original manuscripts; letters written by Owen; audio interviews with WWI veterans; contemporary video clips; and contemporary photographs, as well as: modern video clips; and modern photographs. Items on the site can be searched by keyword or context, or browsed by topic and location of original document. This site would be of interest to students studying First World War poetry, as well as military history.
The William Blake Archive is a first class resource offering a searchable collection of the works of the British Romantic poet and illustrator. The archive comprises high-quality electronic editions of several illuminated books, as well electronic copies of a number of plates, drawings and paintings, together with manuscripts and typographic works. The attention to detail and the color reproduction are superb, and the project prides itself on the high technical and scholarly standards employed in the creation of these digital versions. All works are accompanied by a short introduction and a complete index of copies, and by thorough copy information and electronic edition information documents.
The archive may be searched by title, keyword, description and copy information, and searches differentiate between illuminated books and non-illuminated material. The archive's images can be searched separately and are indexed by subject, with the following item categories: figure, animal, vegetation, object and structure. The project allows visitors to compare different version of the illustrated books and offers a series of extra options such as enlargement, image description, textual transcription and editors' notes. The site also includes a biography, glossary, general and specific bibliographies, a list of related Internet sites, and an ebook 'The Complete Poetry and Prose of William Blake,' edited by David V. Erdman.
Part of the Tate's Learn Online Web pages, this online resource is about the artist, poet, printmaker and visionary, William Blake (1757-1827); it was produced to complement an exhibition held at Tate Britain from 9 November 2000 to 11 February 2001. The website consists of four sections: 'One of the Gothic artists', which provides a chronology of Blake's life; 'In the furnace of Lambeth's Vale', which looks at 16 sites in London that have a link to Blake, and which can be accessed through an interactive map; 'Chambers of the Imagination', which examines the characters in Blake's work, including the ‘Ghost of a Flea’ and ‘Newton’; and 'Many formidable works', in which two of Blake‘s great works, ‘Songs of Innocence and of Experience’ and ‘Jerusalem’ are explored in more detail. In addition, a separate area, 'Learning tools', has been created specifically for teachers and students, and contains a game, a teacher's pack, links and suggestions for further reading. The site employs the use of technology, such as Flash in order to create an interactive learning experience.
This online checklist is based on an exhibition held at the University of Delaware from March to June 1997 to mark the centenary of the birth of the American novelist William Faulkner (1897-1962). It consists of a concise introduction and four sections on: his novels, his short stories and poetry, translations of his works, and other writings (including stories for children and his artwork). Each section consists of short captions relating to books housed in the University of Delaware's collections, some of them illustrated with images of the book covers. This site provides a useful introduction to the publishing history of Faulkner's works.
This Society was founded in 1993 to further the study and appreciation of the poet and novelist William Gilmore Simms (1806-70), born in South Carolina, and best known for his work 'The Yemassee: A Romance of Carolina'. This site gives information about the Society and its activities, which include the publication of 'The Simms Review' and the sponsorship of the Simms conferences. There is also information about the Simms Summer Research Fellowship at the University of South Caroliniana Library, and the Shared History Project (a family history project founded by one of Simms' descendents). There are links to the South Caroliniana Library (at the University of South Carolina), a Simms bibliography, provided by the Society for the Study of Southern Literature, and links to other related sites. Although limited in scope, this site provides some useful pointers for the study of Simms and his works.
'William Shakespeare: the complete works' is a website devoted to discussion of the playwright, his life and his works. The site is run by Linda Alchin, and compiles and discusses: the full texts of his plays and sonnets; biographical information; quotes by and about the Bard; theories on the identity of Shakespeare and authorship of the plays; and a glossary of Shakespearian terms. The site is thoroughly illustrated, and provides a survey of some of the main Shakespearian theories and topics for debate. The site, although not overly scholarly in tone, provides some interesting discussions, for example on the design of various portraits of Shakespeare. This resource would provide a useful introduction to the Bard for students, although it would benefit from the addition of further references and bibliography.
This website is dedicated to the life and work of Scottish poet, journalist and editor William Sharp (1855-1905), and his carefully constructed alter-ego, romance writer Fiona Macleod. The first two sections, one dedicated to a brief biographical sketch and the other to an electronic archive of letters, are already operational; they are to be followed by a section devoted to bibliography and one devoted to selected works.The biographical section is focused on the life of William Sharp and on the genesis and development of the character of Fiona Macleod. The Letters section aims to become a comprehensive resource of annotated transcriptions of letters written by William Sharp (both in his name and in that of Fiona) to be found in various libraries and private collections around the world. The archive material, which has been given a unified format, is arranged chronologically and will eventually cover the entire period between 1877 and 1907.
'Women Romantic-era writers' is a well-presented site offering a gateway of links to online texts by around 140 women writers of the romantic period. Each author featured on the page has a link to at least one e-text, and many also have links to related websites and critical commentaries. Most of the online texts are part of larger, University based, electronic document projects. The site also includes sections of links on: anthologies and annuals relating to romantic-era women writers; contemporary responses to the authors; electronic text archives which feature romantic-era women writers; information on contemporary culture; and other related websites. Writers featured include: Jane Austen; Elizabeth Beverley; Mary Hays; Charlotte Lennox; and Frances Sheridan. The extensive number of writers listed makes the site an important initial online guide to romantic-era women authors.
The Wordsworth Centre at Lancaster University is a website created by the staff of the Department of English and Creative Writing to promote interest in William Wordsworth (1770-1850) and the Lake District at undergraduate, postgraduate and wider levels. It also explores wider questions about poetry and landscape and poetry and conservation. To this end students and staff are currently working on two research projects 'From Goslar to Grasmere' (a first-ever attempt to digitise Wordsworth's manuscripts) and 'Mapping the Literary Lakes' (making use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology to map out textual representations of the Lake District). Links to these projects can be found on this website. Also provided is an account of the Centre's annual field trip and a page of useful Wordsworth links.
This is the website of the Wordsworth Trust, based at Dove Cottage in Grasmere. The Trust is based in the most famous of Wordsworth's homes - now a popular museum - and is host to the famous annual Wordsworth Summer School, which brings together international scholars and writers with a shared interest in Romanticism. The Trust is also a research centre with impressive holdings of Romantic manuscripts (most notably, those of William and Dorothy Wordsworth). The site contains guides to, and images of, exhibitions displayed in the museum at Dove Cottage. The site posts full text versions of Wordsworth's best-known poems, supported by short illustrated explanatory pieces that will be helpful for students. Some historical and biographical information on Wordsworth's son, Hartley, and on Wordsworth's friends and associates, the other prominent Romantic poets, is additionally provided. The site includes audio downloads of recent poems read at the Wordsworth Trust and details on the Trust's festivals, readings, workshops, guided walks and similar activities for families, teachers, students and the general public.
'The World of Jack London' is a website devoted to the life and literature of author Jack London (1876-1916), said to have once been the "best paid and most popular author in the world". The website is very substantial and contains a wealth of information about the author and his works. There are well-formatted copies of London's original fiction, along with his poetry and journalism. There is a wealth of biographical material and images. The website contains a full index to the Jack London Newsletter. There are bibliographies and timelines. The website has a Google-powered search facility, and a useful page with news about recent website updates and topical news such as calls for papers. The website is free to use and does not require registration.
The World War One Poets on the Battlefield Website looks at four British First World War poets: Edmund Blunden; Rupert Brooke; Wilfred Owen; and Siegfried Sassoon. The content is based on four books published by Battleground Europe as part of their 'On the trail of the Poets of the Great War' series. For each poet there is a short biography, and a fairly detailed account of the military service they experienced. Other resources available on the site include: bibliographies; maps; critiques of poems; and photographic tours of the battlegrounds each man fought on. The site would be of interest to students of First World War literature.
The Write Stuff was an online journal of: book reviews; interviews; articles; short stories; and poetry from Australia and elsewhere, produced from 1995 - 2005. Contributors to the journal include: Richard Flanagan; Freda Briggs: and G. W. Robinson. Edited by Giles Hugo and Anne Kellas, the journal refuses to pay homage to the sacred cows of literary culture, thereby representing a provocative stand against prevailing critical opinion. The site provides access to its archive of material from all the editions, which contribute to cultural debates that go far beyond the merely literary. The site provides details of how to keep in touch with the Write Stuff beyond the journal issues (via Twitter), as well as linking to the Tasmanian Writers Centre. Students of Australian literature, and perhaps more especially its poetry, would find this an engaging resource.
'Writing Technologies' is a full-text online ejournal that examines links between writing and technology. This peer-reviewed journal is published online biannually. The first issue was available online from May 2007, with a wide range of articles, such as: 'Technology and the Cultural Location of Japan'; 'Writing Technologies in the Renaissance'; and 'In Search of a Technological Criticism', among others. The journal is published by Nottingham Trent University, a well-known research location for the investigation of new forms of writing and interactive multimedia narratives. The website also contains details of the editorial board and submissions.
www.laurahird.com is the website of a successful Scottish novelist, described as one of the 'most accomplished and fresh young voices around' in 'The Times' for her first novel, 'Born Free' (1999). Laura Hird's website features not only information on her life and works but also a large collection of reviews, interviews and new writing. A section of the site headed 'The New Review' features: the 'Showcase' (short stories, poetry and extracts of work by new writers); reviews of classic and new writing; and reviews of films, music and literary magazines. A full index is also provided. While this is Laura Hird's official website, it reads more like a literary e-zine in many respects. Hird's presence is very strong throughout as she offers her favourite: prose; poetry; music; and events, as well as information on: writing opportunities; competitions; and links. The site provides a wide range of useful material for writers and students of contemporary literature.
The Universal Teacher website provides numerous resources for those teaching English literature, language and theatre studies at school and sixth-form levels in the UK. The site is approved by byteachers.com and adheres to the national curriculum as taught and examined. There are good online tutorials for specific texts, grouped according to level, including: Key Stage; GCSE; and A-Level standards. There are also sections for students with special educational needs, and teaching with ITC. Topics covered by tutorials include: researching dialects; language and gender; language change; Shakespeare's plays; Charles Dickens; Jonathan Swift; Arthur Miller; Thomas Hardy; Charlotte Brontë; John Steinbeck; Jane Austen; Geoffrey Chaucer; Ted Hughes; William Blake; Robert Browning; and popular films such as Forrest Gump and Star Wars. The site includes audio files of poetry, and various study guides. Resources for studying scripture are also provided. This is an excellent site that offers a wide range of resources and which has been carefully designed for its intended audience.
This is the full text of the poem The Yarn of the Loch Achray, by John Masefield, who wrote many poems on the subject of the sea. There are other sea poems by Masefield on the site, including Sea-Fever and Ships. This site contains advertising.
The website of the “Yeats Society Sligo” celebrates the life and writings of W. B. Yeats (1865-1939) and promotes “the association of Sligo region with the poet's work”. Yeats, a Nobel Prize winner, is regarded as one of Ireland’s finest poets and his influence upon Modernist literature was profound. Users will need audio and video plug-ins to view a small part of this site. The Society website includes a number of Yeats poems, as well as a summary of his career and dramatic productions. It explains some of the key influences on his work and provides short biographical sketches of the important figures in his life. The site also provides information about the society itself, its formation, constitution, council, and membership details. The society’s educational facilities and programmes are described, and a news page reports on recent events and publicises future lectures. An email discussion list is hosted on the site, although its archives are not publicly accessible.
'Ygdrasil - a journal of the poetic arts' is a free online contemporary poetry magazine, edited by published poets. The Ygdrasil website acts as a repository of back issues, dating from 1998 to the present day. Some special editions of Ygdrasil are available in Spanish. The site includes a section called 'book rack' which publishes poets' books online. Writers featured include: Klaus Gerken; Moshe Benarroch; Pedro Sena; Igal Koshevoy; and Rita Stilli. There is also a drop-in forum, the Centipede Cafe, which serves as a newsgroup for writers. The recommended sites list points the reader in the direction of other writers' groups' sites, as well as author home pages and other related materials. This resource is likely to prove interesting to followers of contemporary writing or creative writers students.
The Yone Noguchi website provides an introduction to the works of this early 20th century Japanese novelist, poet and essayist, described by the academic who created the site as a 'pioneering cross-cultural writer'. The home page is deceptively minimalist: the site contains a lot of information, is well cross-referenced with links between sections, and includes electronic full-text versions of some of Noguchi's books and essays, all written in English. The various sections are accessed by clicking on icons, and a little guesswork is needed to work out what these represent. Clicking on the line-drawing portrait of Noguchi leads to a brief biography; others lead to bibliographies of his novels, short stories, haiku poems, and journalistic essays, many of which can be accessed in full electronic or facsimile versions. Among these are the books 'Lafcadio Hearn in Japan' and 'The American Diary of a Japanese Girl', and a newspaper article on 'Mr Yeats and the No'. The site can also be browsed by subject: books; articles; topic (fiction, haiku, drama); people; and reviews and criticism. Finally, there is a short section of links to other relevant websites.
The York Poetry Corpus is an annotated selection of Old English poetic texts from the Helsinki Corpus of English Texts. It contains 71,490 words; the size of the corpus is approximately 2.5 megabytes. It is funded by an ESRC grant.The York Poetry Corpus is a part of a larger project aiming to produce syntactically annotated corpora for all stages of the English language. It is intended for students and scholars studying the history of the English language. The Corpus is freely available for educational and research purposes. Viewing the manuals is unrestricted, but the texts themselves may be viewed after filling out an access request form. The York Poetry Corpus can also be ordered via the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) website (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)), upon completion of a request form.
'Youth Against Age: Generational Strife in Renaissance Poetry' is the complete online text of Steven Marx's book, first published by Peter Lang (1985), and provided here by the author himself. Marx's book examines the theme of generational conflict in the works of the 16th-century court poet, Edmund Spenser, and the 18th/19th-century poet and artist, William Blake. The book touches upon the origins of pastoral debate or singing contests in: classical pastoral; in troubadour verse types such as the sirventes (sirventois); and elsewhere, and explores the tropes of pastoral singing-contests used by these two writers. Marx links the theme of debate between older and younger generations to pastoral cyclical motifs, as found in the companion poems of Blake, Shakespeare or John Milton which juxtapose and polarise moods or seasons, or in pastoral cycles, such as Spenser's 'The Shepheardes Calender', which chart the progession of the seasons. Marx is a professor at California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly). A list of Marx's other works and interests can be found on his personal website. This resource would be of interest to those working in English literature or on Spenser and Blake particularly.
Zembla is one of the finest Internet resources devoted to the Russian / American novelist and poet Vladimir Nabokov. It is organised by the library at Pennsylvania State University, and will be of interest to: students; enthusiasts; teachers; and researchers. Resources available here include: extensive biographical information on the author; excerpts from his work (including Nabokov's own readings from his poetry and his novel Pale Fale); detailed critical essays, bibliographies, creative writing based on Nabokov; and news on Nabokov mailing lists, conferences, summer schools, etc. The site also give information relating to the International Vladimir Nabokov Society and its publication 'The Nabokovian'. The site is refreshing and easy to use.
The Patrick Kavanagh website offers information about the life, work and birth place of the Irish poet Patrick Kavanagh (1904-1967). The website is managed by the Patrick Kavanagh Centre located in Inniskeen, County Monaghan, Ireland - the poet's place of birth and source of poetic inspiration. Accordingly emphasis is given to the history of Inniskeen and Kavanagh's connection with it: a Kavanagh trail is featured with pictures and details of locations associated with him and referred to by him in both his poetry and his two auto-biographies, 'Tarry Flynn' and 'The Green Fool'. A short biography and good bibliography are also provided. A timetable of events organised by the Centre is also available, along with a link to a Kavanagh discussion group. There is also a link to the Patrick Kavanagh Bookshop where editions of his work may be purchased online.