The AHRC Centre for Editing Lives and Letters is a collaboration between Queen Mary, and Birkbeck College, University of London. Its aims are to provide resources, both academic and practical for large- and small-scale editing projects of works between 1500-1800. It particularly concentrates on historical biography, diaries, and correspondence, and is led by Professor Lisa Jardine. The website is of interest to students, postgraduates, and those carrying out research or who wish to produce an edition of letters or biography. The website lists details of courses available, projects in progress, the staff of the centre and events. Project results available on the site include: Francis Bacon's Correspondence; the letters of William Herle; the Workdiaries of Robert Boyle; Erasmus's Correspondence; Gabriel Harvey's Marginalia; and Early Letters of the Royal Society 1651-1741. The site provides links to a section on electronic letter collection, considering editorial issues and presents papers and models developed by the centre for textual editing. There is also a section on the importance and relevance of electronic texts, and the need to encourage interdisciplinary debate and dialogue between a range of experts. Established in July 2002, it was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Board, under the Research Centre Awards scheme.
The website "Anna Jameson, Harriet Martineau and their friends: a bibliographical and biographical database of the interpersonal transactions as recorded by and in their letters" is part of the Victorian Women Writers' Letters Project and provides information on the interpersonal relationships of the authors Anna Jameson (1794-1860) and Harriet Martineau (1802-1876) in the form of a searchable database of their personal correspondence. Both were involved in the reform campaigns of the day, such as the abolition of slavery and "the woman question", and had contact with other important literary women (most notably Elizabeth Gaskell and Elizabeth Barrett Browning). Their letters offer an insight into women's history as well as literature. Jameson and Martineau wrote extensively and their works include "A Lady's Diary" (later published as "The Diary of an Ennuyee"), "Characteristics of Women", "Sisters of Charity", and "Deerbrook", "The Crofton Boys", and "Letters on the Laws of Man's Nature and Development" respectively. The database contains detailed records of both women's correspondence, although the letters are not available in full-text. Each record details the author, addressee, people mentioned in the letter, and bibliographic information for the location of the actual source. Biographical information is provided for the author, addressee, and those mentioned and there are also links to relevant external sites. It is possible to search the databases individually or simultaneously, and in both search forms there is the option to search for author, addressee or people mentioned. As such it is possible to execute very specific searches. The project has been funded by the SSHRC (Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada), the University of Toronto, Simon Fraser University and is part of the Simon Fraser University electronic documentation centre.
The 'Anna Letitia Barbauld prose works' website hosts electronic texts of the: letters; essays; 'civic sermons', and prose works for children of Anna Laetitia Barbauld (1743-1825). Barbauld is generally regarded as one of the most important 18th-century and Romantic-era British women writers. More widely remembered as a poet, her prose essays nonetheless cover a wide range of literary, philosophical, and cultural topics. The texts provided here address such issues as: education; evil; sensibility; prejudice; monasticism; romances; and the Corporation and Test Acts. Barbauld's response to Mark Akenside's 'Pleasures of Imagination' is also included, as are her fables for children. Each text may be viewed as HTML, or as a facsimile image of the print original in PDF format. The site features a brief biography of Barbauld, written by Molly Beverstein, and a short list of links to other relevant Web resources. This site would be of use to those studying Romantic period literature. Users should note that, at the time of writing, this site has been listed as a work in progress from some years, with additional materials such as secondary essays yet to be added.
Wilfred Owen (1893-1918) is one of the most revered and famous war poets of the First World War, and his name is often linked with that of Siegfried Sassoon. The website "BBC : history : Wilfred Owen audio gallery" is an audio/picture gallery on the BBC history site, with a reading and analysis of one of Owen's most famous poems, 'The Sentry'. Alongside it is a letter to the poet's mother, written in January 1917 and describing the same events in more prosaic terms. This juxtaposition is an excellent opportunity for students to analyse textual and functional difference of language and tone in terms of both poetry and correspondence. In addition to this, a third perspective is presented - that of images from the time. The extracts are also available as transcripts. This site is useful for teachers and students of English studies, history and military history, and provides an excellent starting point for discussion of a variety of themes.
This website provides an online catalogue of the Bloomsbury Archives in the Special Collections of the University of Sussex. The main features of the collection are the Monks House Papers, consisting of correspondence and manuscripts of Virginia Woolf, and the Leonard Woolf Archive, consisting of correspondence and papers of Leonard Woolf. The Monks House Papers comprise those documents given to Quentin Bell by Leonard Woolf, for Bell's biography of Virginia Woolf. They are categorised as letters, manuscripts and press cuttings. The Leonard Woolf papers were deposited at the University of Sussex after his death and are headed, work life, personal life and general correspondence. The related items in the archives are the A O Bell Papers, the Quentin Bell Papers, the Birrell Papers, the Charleston Papers and the Nicolson Papers. These refer to secondary work and information on other key Bloomsbury figures, providing a unique insight into the activities of the Bloomsbury group. This is a straight-forward resource which will be of use to researchers into early twentieth-century literature at all levels.
The Book Inscriptions project is a unique personal project begun in 2002, to collect and display examples of the personal inscriptions commonly to be found hand-written inside the front covers of books. The website has an archive of about 80 such found 'inscriptions', each presented as an image of the book cover, an image of the inscription, and a transcription of the hand-written message. The main page offers a weblog-like selection of the five most recently found inscriptions. There are details of the project, and contact details for the author/collector.
The Calendar of the letters of Henry James & biographical register of his correspondents is a project based at the University of Nebraska which aims to document in full the correspondence of the American writer Henry James (1843-1916).The site provides fully referenced bibliographical sources for the study of James' correspondence, and cites all the major repositories for James' letters in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and elsewhere.The site also provides statistical information about the most important sources of James' correspondence, including an analysis of the total number of letters he wrote to his principal correspondents. These include the writers Edith Wharton and Edmund Gosse.There is an online database of correspondence which can be searched by addressee, date, publication source, repository, and original format (such as postcard, telegram or typed copy). It is not necessary to know all these details to use the database, but it is possible to do highly specific searches.
This is a splendid free online version of the Duke-Edinburgh edition of 'The Collected Letters of Thomas and Jane Welsh Carlyle' published by Duke University Press. Over ten thousand letters by Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) and Jane Welsh Carlyle (1801-1866) can be browsed by date, by recipient, by subject and by volume. Coordinating Editor Brent E. Kinser puts his subject into context with an essay entitled 'The Carlyles and their "Victorian" world in letters' and also provides information on the history of the printed and online versions of the letters. The essayist, social critic and historian Thomas Carlyle met Jane Baillie Welsh in 1821, and they married five years later. She became his invaluable assistant and one of the finest letter writers in the English language. In 1871, five years after her death, Carlyle gave her letters to his friend the historian J.A. Froude who published them in 1883.
This website enables access to the catalogue of the Letters and Papers of Modern European Writers and Others at the Taylor Institution Library at Oxford University. The archive of letters came to the library in the second half of the twentieth century and covers authors dating from the eighteenth century onwards. The catalogue is divided into languages ranging from English to Celtic and Czech. Authors are then arranged in alphabetical order with full bibliographical information and catalogue references. Writers in the collection include: Julian Huxley; William Macray; J. S. G. Simmons; and Bache Matthews. Italian figures include Garibaldi; Marinetti; and Ungaretti. German writers include Goethe; Grimm; and Rilke. The site is text only and extremely fast loading. It is an important collection, particularly with regard to German and French studies.
This website outlines an AHRC-funded (until 2010) project to provide the first annotated and accurate, freely available, web edition of Robert Southey’s letters. At present these letters are dispersed in some 215 locations world wide, and are either unpublished or only available in heavily censored 19th Century editions. The project is based at the University of Nottingham and is working from manuscript originals of Southey’s correspondence and the edition (which will be broken into eight parts) is intended to be made available through the peer-reviewed web journal ‘Romantic Circles’. The website includes a fuller description of the projects aims and expected outcomes as well as biographies of the editorial team.
The Complete Poems and Letters of E.J. Pratt is a site prepared by researchers at Trent University. E. J. Pratt (1882-1964) was a Canadian Methodist minister who became a professor in English Literature at Victoria University, one of the theological colleges at University of Toronto. Pratt was also a poet, who did his Master's thesis in demonology, and his Doctoral thesis in eschatology, the Biblical study of end of the world. The site consists of two hypertext scholarly editions of Pratt's work, The Complete Poems of E.J. Pratt and The Complete Letters of E.J. Pratt. These sources are accompanied by footnoted scholarly commentary; recordings of Pratt reading his poems; and an excellent biographical dictionary of all figures mentioned. There is a timeline of Pratt's life and publishing career, including scanned images of many relevant archival documents. Text editions are incomplete, as the site is currently under construction, with cooperation from the E.J. Pratt Library at the University of Toronto. The use of frames is an annoying encumbrance in the navigation of this site. Moreover, links to these sources are difficult to find as they are interspersed through a long description of the methodology of site construction. This makes access to the site's valuable content difficult and irritating.
The Corpus of Early English Correspondence Sampler (CEECS) is an electronic resource which can be downloaded from the Oxford Text Archive website (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)). The 0.45 million word Corpus of Early English Correspondence Sampler was created from the larger Corpus of Early English Correspondence. CEECS covers the years 1418-1680, and consists of 1,147 letters written by 194 writers. The selection criteria were arbitrary, as only 23 editions which were no longer in copyright could be included, but CEECS is nevertheless a fairly representative sample of the full corpus. COCOA markup references are used. Access to this resource is restricted, and hence users are requested to complete a short online form to apply for a copy.
'Creative Nonfiction' is hard copy journal dedicated to the art and craft of creative non-fiction writing. The journal's website provides supplementary online material which offers a useful starting point for researchers in creative and critical writing and literature, including a link to the Creative Nonfiction podcast and a monthly newsletter (archives available from 2007 onwards). The website also features tables of contents for back issues, with online extracts from selected articles, and related links. A profile of editor Lee Gutkind and his work is also on the site, which offers a user-friendly taste of the journal's interests.
Cultures of Knowledge is the website of a project funded by the Andrew W Mellon Foundation. The project website is hosted by the Faculty of History at the University of Oxford, whose partners in the project include institutions in the UK; Wales; Hungary; the Czech Republic; and Poland. The aim of the project is to catalogue and edit the Bodleian Library's archives of correspondence of some of the 17th century's leading men of science, and make these widely available to international scholars. It is ultimately hoped that the project will enable international collaboration and study into the intellectual history of the period. The website provides information on: the aims of the project; the partner institutions; resources held at the Bodleian (including brief biographies of: John Aubrey; John Wallis; Edward Lhwyd; and Martin Lister); events and details of how to get involved in this work; and related links and bibliographies. This site would interest those working in: English; history of science; and history.
This very basic website about the work of D.H. Lawrence (1885-1930) is created by Diane Marie Ward at the State University of New York at Buffalo. The site contains a bibliography of Lawrence's work which includes some e-texts. This is divided into the following sections: novels; short stories; plays; critical studies/essays; travel writing; letters; poems; translations; and paintings.. A critical bibliography is also included as is a very brief biography. The useful Links page is also divided into sections covering: exhibitions; manuscripts collections; research; societies; texts; and web sites. Altogether a good starting point for Lawrence researchers.
The American novelist Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945) is best known for Sister Carrie (1900) and An American tragedy (1925). This significant resource is based on the Dreiser Papers in the Library of the University of Pennsylvania. There is a detailed index (sortable accoring to various headings) of his correspondence, which links to printable digital images (from the Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text & Image), and a section on Sister Carrie which contains facsimiles of the typescript and the 1900 edition, together with a searchable version of the 1981 (Pennsylvania) edition. This area also links to relevant correspondence, critical essays and a virtual exhibition. The remainder of the site contains links to a series of reference and bibliographical sources, critical and biographical essays, and images from Pennslyvania's extensive collections of still and moving images of Dreiser and his family. These include photographs taken by Dreiser in the Soviet Union and silent-film clips.
Electronic Enlightenment is a substantial scholarly project of the University of Oxford's Humanities Division, available online via Oxford University Press. This subscription resource offers unrivalled online access to correspondence from the long 18th century (approximately 1688 to 1815, though some earlier and later materials are included). At time of writing, over 53,000 letters and other documents from almost 6,000 correspondents were available, with twice yearly updates promised. The authors include great thinkers such as John Locke; David Hume; Jeremy Bentham; and Adam Smith; plus a host of other scholars; politicians; writers; artists; churchmen; members of the professions; and society figures. The letters are taken from the best critical editions, and feature nearly 230,000 scholarly annotations. Works in a variety of languages (including Italian, French, and German in addition to English) are available, and some of the material is previously unpublished. Users can browse the collection, or make use of the sophisticated search tools. Although still in its early stages, this project should prove a valuable resource to the study of the 18th century across numerous disciplines.
'Electronic Texts' is a website containing links to electronic versions of texts by roughly thirty 17th-century and 18th-century English language authors. These include Francis Bacon, Daniel Defoe, John Donne, John Dryden, Charlotte Smith, Jonathan Swift, and many others. Specimens are included from across the spectrum of literary genres, and include a number of critical tracts. There is some variety between the reproductions with several being abridgments, whilst some are annotated. James Boswell and Samuel Johnson are particularly well represented. The texts have been selected and scanned by Jack Lynch, of Rutgers University, for the benefit of his students. They may prove useful as classwork material or for reference by undergraduates, particularly as several of the texts are not readily available in print, whilst a few are not even shelved in many college libraries.
The English Language of the North-West in the Late Modern English Period website introduces a corpus of never-before transcribed letters written to Richard Orford, a steward at Lyme Hall in Cheshire, between 1761 and 1790. The collection is held in the John Rylands University Library of Manchester. These are unselfconscious practical letters, often by uneducated people, on matters of business, farming, mining, and social relations. A Corpus of Late Eighteenth-Century Prose contains about 300,000 words, available free for download as a single text file for electronic searching or as three linked HTML files for maximum readability. The corpus can be ordered via the Oxford Text Archive (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)), or from the project manager on completion of the request access form.
'From Goslar to Grasmere: William Wordsworth Electronic Manuscripts' is an online collection of images and transcriptions of the poet William Wordsworth's draft materials and letters. Users can tailor their 'route' through the material on the site according to their needs by selecting content filters from: 'Specialist Use' (academics and researchers); 'Non-Specialist Use' (interested readers with little experience of manuscripts); and 'Educational Use' (for teachers). Users may also use the site without a filter, enabling them to view all documents. Materials provided online include: information on the project and its aims; letters and biographical details relating to the Wordsworths during the period 1798 - 1800; contemporary maps of the Lake District; images and transcripts of the manuscripts of Wordsworth's 'Prelude' and 'Home at Grasmere'; articles relating to the dating and relationship of the various manuscripts; and related film clips. There is much here of use to students, teachers and researchers working on Wordsworth, as well as interested readers.
The George Eliot Collection website forms part of the Warwickshire County Council Web pages. The site provides a short biography of Eliot, together with information on the Collection, which is held at Nuneaton Library in Warwickshire. The physical Collection consists of: more than 2000 books; a collection of scrapbooks; and 60 facsimiles of letters, a number of which are available (with transcripts) for viewing online. These Web pages also provide: a related reading list; a description of the letter collections; a review of Eliot's work 'Scenes from Clerical Life'; information on the author's links with Warwickshire; and a list of her works. There is also a useful link to the catalogue of the Eliot Collection, providing more details of the Collection's holdings. This site would be of interest to anyone studying Eliot and her works, or Victorian literature more generally.
George Orwell is a site devoted to the English novelist, essayist and social commentator, George Orwell (real name Eric Arthur Blair 1903-1950).The site has brief summaries and discussions of Orwell's novels, including Animal Farm, Nineteen-Eighty Four and The Road to Wigan Pier. There is also a brief biography of Orwell, and some general critical discussions of Orwell, his influences and politics.The site includes the full-texts of some of Orwell's essays, including Shooting an Elephant, Why I Write, and Politics and the English Language. There is also a selection of Orwell's letters, poems and pictures. The site also hosts a George Orwell discussion board where browsers can post questions and engage in ongoing discussions. The site is a worthwhile resource for Orwell scholars and enthusiasts. In particular, the text versions of Orwell's essays are a useful inclusion. Many of the essays are short enough to be read online.
“Hap Hazard” is a useful web resource primarily aimed at scholars studying the Elizabethan poet Edmund Spenser (1552-1599). In this website, users will find full electronic transcriptions of all known diplomatic and state documents, and other papers relating to Spenser’s life in Ireland between 1580 and 1599. As such, the site may also be of interest to scholars studying Elizabethan Irish history. The site also contains a transcription of Spenser’s 1596 “View of the Present State of Ireland”, including textual notes and supplementary materials. A third section, entitled “Other Materials” hosts transcribed manuscripts, including poetry and prose, relating to the Irish political and literary context in which Spenser worked and wrote. Many of the letters transcribed on the site were written by or to Lord Arthur Grey, the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland under whom Spenser worked. In addition, users can also find background information about this online resource.
The Henry James Scholar's Guide to Web Sites is an online collection of: links; e-texts; critiques; and primary resources. This is a very comprehensive site, which would make a very good starting point to research in Henry James studies. The site links to e-text versions of most of James' works (among the most important: "Daisy Miller"; "The Portrait of a Lady"; "The Bostonians"; "The Golden Bowl"; and his short stories). Some of the e-texts include the preface and illustrations from the particular editions they were taken from. Other resources include: information and links on films developed from James' novels; letters; and a list of study guides for undergraduates, as well as contemporary reviews and critiques on James' works.
The Inventory of the Katherine Mansfield papers, 1903-1942 is an online summary description of the Newberry Library's archival holdings, including correspondence and manuscripts, relating to the New Zealand-born author, Katherine Mansfield (1888-1923). The Web page provides: administrative information; a brief biography; and a description of the scope and content of the collection. Holdings are catalogued under the following headings: manuscript works, 1903-1922; printed works, photographs and memorabilia, 1906-1922; correspondence, 1909-1942; appendix. Researchers and students of Mansfield's work would find this of interest.
The Isle of Lesbos is an online collection of art, culture, and learning devoted to love between women, primarily lesbian and bisexual love, but also friendship and sisterhood. It is a comprehensive collection of material, of use to researchers in literature, art and women's studies, amongst other disciplines. The site is organised under the headings of poetry, classical art, vintage images, letters and journals and quotations. The poets include Sappho, Aphra Behn, Gertrude Stein, Edna St. Vincent Millay, William Wordsworth, S. T. Coleridge and Paul Verlaine. Biographies of modern poets are included, such as Paula Allen Gunn, Cheryl Clarke, Judy Grahn, Adrienne Rich and May Swenson. Images from classical art are divided into time periods from 1500 - 1849, 1850 - 1899, 1900 - 1910 and 1911 - 1935. Some of the material classed as motivated by sexuality rather than friendship is open to debate, but the site does acknowledge that much debate is ongoing regarding the changing interpretation of material by different generations of reader/audience. The site is easy to navigate and well-presented, with links and suggested sites for further research.
This is a blog about Ivor Gurney (1890-1937), the composer and poet, who served with the Gloucestershire Regiment in the First World War (1914-1918). The blog is written by Philip Lancaster, who is working on the manuscripts of Gurney held in the Gloucestershire Archives and is a committee member of the Ivor Gurney Society. It describes his research on the music and poetry and letters of Gurney, his preparing of Gurney and others' musical scores for performance, recording and publication, and his work with Prof. Tim Kendall (University of Exeter) transcribing and editing Gurney's complete poetry - as well as many related topics including the works of the poet Edward Thomas ((1878-1917). The posts are always interesting and provide an additional dimension as Philip is attempting to journal his work towards his PhD.
This site provides access to a wealth of online materials relating to the life and work of American writer Jack London (1876-1916), author of 'White Fang' (1906) and 'Call of the Wild' (1903). It includes a biography and access to the full-text of many of London's short stories and a selection of his letters, newspaper articles, photographs and private papers. Also accessible are secondary sources such as critical commentaries, bibliographies of further reading and audio files of documentaries. Other features of the site include: a teachers' section containing suggested lesson plans, a students' section with plot summaries and links to the web pages and email discussion lists of organisations holding conferences about London's work. The site is sponsored by Sonoma State University Library.
This website is dedicated to raising the profile of Jane Welsh Carlyle (1801-1866) outside that of wife of a famous man. Of interest to literature researchers at all levels, this resource offers insight into the influence of Jane Welsh Carlyle on her husband, Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881), through an exploration of her as an intelligent, charming and literary woman. The site is compiled by Malcolm Ingram, whose own background in psychology offers the starting point for his interest. This provides an authoritative approach to Welsh Carlyle's health and personality. The site is laid out as one main page with highlighted links, along with a side bar in which the overall menu is listed. Headings include: a brief biography; considerations of Welsh Carlyle from both her own viewpoint and that of others; detailed analysis of her health; and a timeline of events. Much use is made of quotations from letters written by Welsh Carlyle and others, as well as critical analysis of these letters. This easy to use site is an excellent resource for beginning research on a prolific letter writer, who took the role of Victorian wife and helpmeet and interpreted it in her own way. The material is presented clearly and with a combination of academic objectivity and the lively style of the enthusiast.
John-Keats.com is a well-presented website devoted to the writings of the Romantic poet John Keats (1795-1817). It provides a brief biography of the poet, accompanied by extracts from the text of the much more detailed 1887 biography by Sir Sidney Colvin. The texts of most of Keats's major poems are also available on the site, including the famous odes 'To a Nightingale' and 'On a Grecian Urn', as well as more than twenty of Keats's letters. A 'forums' section offers a number of email discussion lists (although not necessarily scholarly). Students requiring an introduction to Keats would find this site of interest. The site was developed in association with Amazon.com and contains an online shop.
Leigh Hunt Online is the website of a research project run by the University of Iowa Libraries Special Collections and Archives. The project is working to digitise the letters of the Romantic writer, editor and critics, Leigh Hunt, who was a contemporary of Shelley, Keats and Byron. At the time of writing the project is in its initial phase, working to digitise 1600 letters from the Brewer-Hunt collection, held at the University of Iowa and bring them together with previously made (unpublished) transcripts held at the University of Toledo and elsewhere. Future phases of the project will involve international cooperation between libraries with Leigh Hunt holdings, and scholars of the Romantic period, in order to gather together information on the location of other letters by Leigh Hunt, together with further images and transcripts where possible. The website provides a brief biography of Leigh Hunt and the aims, methodology and standards of the project, together with: details of Iowa's Leigh Hunt collection; project staff; and a number of digitised letters and transcripts, including some to and from Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley. The digitised letters are presented as high quality images, with a description and transcript on the same page. Those researching or studying Romantic period English literature would find this an interesting and enlightening resource.
The website Letters of a Victorian Lady is a compilation of a series of letters sent from abroad, from Ada E. Leslie (b. 1860) to her cousin, Mary Ann Galsworthy (1853-1920). While Ada is not a recognisable figure in history, her letters are valuable resources for the information they hold. She travelled a great deal as a governess, from England to India, initially, back to England, and then, what appears to be constant travel for the next 10 years. Upon her arrival in Berlin she was employed by the future Kaiser Wilhelm II, and eventually became a lady in waiting for his sister Sophie, the granddaughter of Ada's own queen, Victoria I. She records in her letters, descriptions of cities, activities of the royal family, and an insight into the life of a Victorian governess. This site offers all this information about the author of the letters. They are now owned and published by the great grandson of the addressee of the letters. This page could be of use to those researching workingwomen, governesses, travel, and the royal families of Europe.
"Letters on demonology and witchcraft by Sir Walter Scott" has been published online as part of the Sacred Texts project. It is based on a text published in New York in 1885, which originally appeared between 1829 and 1847. The letters are an interesting commentary on most issues pertaining to witchcraft and demonology in a style typical of the 19th century interest in the occult, and other such fascinations with the supernatural. Topics discussed include: the Gods of Valhalla; The Prophetesses of the Germans; fairies; Merlin and Arthur; Reginald Scot; and Isobel Gowdie. It is a curious mix, of most use to the literary historian, the historian interested in the portrayal and representation of witchcraft and demonology, or alternatively those in the field of 19th century English studies. A straightforward site presented as pages of consecutive text.
The Literary Archives page is part of the Library and Archives of Canada website. This department in the Canadian National Archives houses the original manuscripts of several Canadian authors, as well as other archival fonds, such as: correspondence; professional and personal memorabilia; newspaper clippings; scrapbooks; audio recordings; video recordings; photographs; and posters. Among the dozens of writers included are: Bernard Assiniwi; George Bowering; Dionne Brand; Nicole Brossard; Robertson Davies; Réjean Ducharme; Louis Dudek; Timothy Findley; Patrick Friesen; Gratien Gélinas; André Giroux; Jack Hodgins; W. P. Kinsella; Ron Lightburn; Daphne Marlatt; Erin Mouré; Michael Ondaatje; Catherine Parr Trail; Jacques Poulin; Gabrielle Roy; F. R. Scott; Carol Shields; Michel Tremblay; Jane Urquhart; Phyllis Webb; and Rachel Wyatt. Rules and regulations for access are provided. An online guide allows researchers to click on each author's name to call up a detailed summary of their career and importance. Further information is also provided in each summary on the archival holdings for that writer. Students of English literature would find this site of interest.
LibriVox is the website of an open volunteer-run project that aims to "make all public domain books available as free audio books". As of May 2007, there appears to be over 600 audio books available, for download as either standard MP3 or OGG audio files. Complete audio books can be downloaded in a standard Windows ZIP file, or individual chapters can be downloaded via a direct link to the relevant audio file. Some books are read by different people for different chapters. All recordings are placed in the public domain, and may be used for any use including commercial uses.
The Life and Work of John Keats is a website that hosts a good selection of texts by and about John Keats (1795-1821), the Romantic poet and author of such works as 'Ode on a Grecian Urn' and 'To Autumn'. Resources available on the site include: a biography; timeline; selected poems and letters; images of the poet; and descriptions and opinions offered by Keat's contemporaries. The texts of all of the major poems are included on the site, along with several lesser-known pieces. Digitised images of several of Keats's original manuscripts are also provided, including those of the 'Ode to a Nightingale' and part of 'Hyperion' (size and detail of the images varies). As well as selected letters by Keats, the site features transcripts of Joseph Severn's letters from Rome, describing the poet's last months. A bibliography and annotated list of related links are also provided. Although not the work of a professional scholar, this is an extensive and useful resource which would be of particular interest to A-Level students, and also to undergraduates who are new to Keats.
The Life and Works of Lord Byron is a website which provides: a selection of Byron's poems; contemporary and critical opinions of the man and his poetry; and biographical information. George Gordon Noel Byron, 6th Baron Byron (1788-1824) was one of the most famous Romantic poets, known as much for his flamboyant lifestyle and his lovers as for his poems. His best known works include 'Childe Harold's Pilgrimage' and 'Don Juan'. The website provides a short biography of Byron, plus extended accounts of his relationships with Lady Caroline Lamb and Anne Isabella Milbanke. Most of his major poems are present, complemented by transcriptions of several of his letters. There is also a section describing Byron's relationship with his contemporary, John Keats. A gallery of images of Byron, his friends and family, is also provided, as are: a bibliography; an annotated list of web links; and a news section. Although not the work of a professional scholar, this is an extensive and interesting resource which would be of particular interest to A-Level students and undergraduates new to Byron.
The website of the Mark Twain Papers and Project is based at the Bancroft Library, University of California at Berkeley. The Papers are a collection which Mark Twain made available to his official biographer, Albert Bigelow Paine and consist of: letters by the author and members of his family; manuscripts including fragments and complete drafts; published works such as essays, speeches and poems; a number of important editions of his published writing; and material such as business documents and scrapbooks. The Project is an editorial and publishing programme publishing Twain's edited papers in hard copy and online. At the time of writing only letters are avaliable online, but it is possible to search these by: date; addressee; or keyword. The website also provides details on archive holdings and access. Two online exhibitions are also available: 'Mark Twain at Large: His Travels Here and Abroad' and 'Mark Twain Takes on Art'. This resource, in particular the letters, would be invaluable to anyone researching Twain's life and works.
'The Mark Twain Project' is a beta version of an academic project aiming to create a free online... "digital critical edition, fully annotated, of everything Mark Twain wrote". Already online at April 2009 are the complete extant letters written by Mark Twain between 1853 to 1880. Many of the letters are annotated, and are presented using sophisticated HTML with sidebar annotations. Promised for Spring 2009 are critical editions of 'Adventures of Huckleberry Finn' and 'Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer among the Indians'. The website offers a sophisticated range of scholarly and search tools for working with the materials in the collections. The project is a joint venture between... "the Mark Twain Papers and Project of The Bancroft Library, the California Digital Library, and the University of California Press" and the website contains full details of the hundreds of people who have worked and who continue to work on the project.
The Matthew Prior Project is published by Miami University Libraries, Ohio. It is an online database of information on the 3,000 letters written and received by the British poet and diplomat Matthew Prior between 1684 and 1721. The letters themselves are scattered amongst 38 different repositories, and this project catalogues them and identifies where they are held. The wider aim of the project will be to publish transcribed copies of the letters online. The entries for the letters can be searched by year, correspondent, and repository, or browsed by year. In addition to this finding aid the site also provides a directory of the repositories, a glossary of abbreviations, and brief biographies of Prior's correspondents.
The Minor Victorian Poets and Authors website is designed to give readers online access to a number of previously unavailable works of minor 19th-century writers. Although the site is dedicated primarily to chartist, poet and author Gerald Massey, many of his contemporaries are also represented, such as: John Ackworth; Isa Craig; Thomas Hood; Samuel Laycock; Joseph Skipsey; and Edwin Waugh. The site provides: biographical information on each writer; contextual information about their works; contemporary reviews and quotes; portraits of the authors; and illustrations and full texts of many of these writers' works. The bulk of the resources do however relate to Massey, with pages devoted to his: biography; prose; poetry; and reviews, as well as contemporary news reports about Massey and a collection of miscellanea that includes related: pamphlets; photographs; letters; and other writings. The site is well researched, interesting and informative, and would appeal to those studying Victorian English literature, in particular the work of regional poets and authors.
The University of Virginia Library acquired its major collection of material relating to the American novelist John Dos Passos (1896-1970) from the author and his family over a period of nearly forty years. This site offers a brief introduction to the collection which leads to an Online Guide. This provides further background to the collection, details of its organisation, and a detailed listing of the contents. Apart from the manuscripts of a number of Dos Passos's novels, including Manhattan transfer and the trilogy USA, the collection has many letters to his friends (who included Hemingway, E.E. Cummings, and Edmund Wilson) as well as family papers. This is a valuable introduction to the papers of a major American writer.
This website provides a description of the papers of Virginia Woolf (1882-1941), held at the Mortimer Rare Book Room, in the William Allan Neilson Library, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts. The relatively small collection of papers includes correspondence of Virginia Woolf and Lytton Strachey, 1906-1956; letters by Woolf, 1916-1939; manuscripts by Woolf 1916-1941; Hogarth Press ephemera, 1917-1939; manscripts by others, 1904-1926; photographs, 1902-1927. The manuscripts include reading notes, drafts of essays and short stories, and corrected page proofs of novels and collected essays. The site provides a brief biographical note, information about the scope and contents of the collection, terms of access and use, and the preferred citation method for references to items in the collection. The site is produced and referenced by the Five College Archives and Manuscript Collections, an online finding aid which describes collections held at Amherst, Hampshire, Mount Holyoke, Smith Colleges and the University of Massachusetts.
The Philological museum is a library of online humanistic texts published by the Shakespeare Institute at the University of Birmingham. Its sizeable collection of letters, plays, poems and essays are principally written by British humanists in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Authors include Sir Francis Bacon, George Buchanan, William Camden, Sir Francis Kynaston and John Milton, among others. The hypertext editions used are prepared specifically for the online library by Professor Dana Sutton of the University of California. In addition to this excellent collection, the site contains a bibliography of neo-Latin texts publically available on the web with hyperlinks. There is a search engine for the entire site.
Donald Allen (1912-2004) was one of the most important editors and publishers of modern American literature. His work with Grove Press and Evergreen review led to the publication of his influential anthology The new American poetry, 1945-1960 (1960), which included the work of poets from the Beat, Black Mountain and New York schools. His later work involved the establishment of the Four Seasons Foundation and the Grey Fox Press. This site contains a brief biographical and historical introduction and a note describing the scope of the collection of his private papers held at the Mandeville Special Collections Library at the University of California at San Diego. The detailed Container List provided here is an archival guide to correspondence relating to the various presses, to The new American poetry, other later anthologies, and to The collected poems of Frank O'Hara, which Allen also edited. The site also offers a catalogue of Allen's extensive correspondence with other contemporary American poets including: Ashbery; Robin Blaser; Robert Creeley; Robert Duncan; Allen Ginsberg; Jack Kerouac; Michael McClure; Gary Snyder; Lew Welch; and Philip Whalen.
The Samuel Taylor Coleridge archive, maintained by the Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia, brings together digital versions of some of the author's works and letters, secondary material relating to his life and work, and a few related resources, such as a short 'dictionary' of terms and phrases used by Coleridge, whose meaning may not be entirely obvious to the contemporary American reader, a brief directory of Coleridge-related material on the Internet, and an index of topics. The primary texts are grouped in the following main categories: Poetry; Literary theory and criticism; Political commentary and journalism; Science; Philosophy, Theology, Psychology; and Letters. Unfortunately, the excerpts are not referenced comprehensively, and often are accompanied by little more than the year of publication, the title of the work, and the chapter number (where apropriate). They are well-chosen, however, and well hyperlinked, and the site can be very useful as a teaching aid. The facility to browse the fragments by subject, across the main categories, and the index of topics, are particularly relevant in this context, as is the detailed time line. One other drawback of this resource is the fact that it does not seem to have been updated since 1999.
Sherwood Anderson (1876-1941), the American novelist and short-story writer, is best known for Winesburg, Ohio (1919). The collection at Virginia Tech (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University) consists of printed books, photographs and manuscripts. This site provides an extensive list of the printed materials held in the library, including a number of foreign-language publications. A section of Pictures offers thumbnails of photographs and drawings of Anderson, which expand to good-sized images. The Manuscripts section consists of three thumbnails of Anderson letters. While this site gives some indication of the important Anderson material held in this institution, it does not provide a history of the collection and it offers no background information to the items on view.
The 'Times Archive' is the consumer-facing online interface to the full-text archive of The Times newspaper (London). The archive covers the years 1785 to 1985. Users will need to pay a fee to access original articles, so it may be worth checking whether your institution subscribes to the Gale educational version. The search and results interfaces are clean and simple to use. All newspaper content is offered, not simply the main news items. There are also classified adverts, notices, and display advertising, among many others elements. The newspaper pages have apparently been scanned from microfiche, and so there may be some errors in the automatic OCR transcription of text. This website will be a vital public resource for historians and also for many other types of researchers.
This Internet Archive page contains a free ebook edition of a public domain book by Richard Buckley Litchfield, titled 'Tom Wedgwood, the First Photographer: An Account of His Life' (1903). This scrupulous and scholarly biography includes a great many letters as well as the whole text of the famous 1802 paper "An Account of a Method of Copying Paintings upon Glass, and of Making Profiles, by the Agency of Light upon Nitrate of Silver". The book is a prudent and balanced work of scholarship based on a sound inspection of Wedgwood's well-preserved papers and letters, and thus it is still a valuable resource today. The author was not, however, in a position to evaluate either Wedgwood's metaphysical thought, or the influence of his 1802 paper between 1802 and 1839 - recent scholarship has since overturned his assumptions on both topics. The author appears to have been brave enough, even in 1903, to drop numerous heavy hints about Wedgwood's likely homosexual nature. The book also contains a significant amount of information about Wedgwood's patronage of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, although it would seem likely that Coleridge scholars have since overtaken the account given here. The book has been professionally scanned from a copy held in the library of the University of California. In PDF form (38Mb) it overlays copyable and accurate OCR text over scans of the original pages. There is an index.
The Web pages of 'W. T. Stead resource site' are dedicated to the controversial Victorian journalist and advocate of the social reform, William Thomas Stead. A campaigner on behalf of poor children and demonised prostitutes, he came to prominence during his editorship of 'The Northern Echo'. The site includes a biography (The Great Educator), some images, and a significant number of e-texts of Stead's writings, including his most famous piece, 'The Maiden Tribute to Modern Babylon'. In the sections 'Stead and his Times' and 'Stead and Journalism', there are also texts about his life and work. The site contains as well his journal and some of his correspondence to major figures of the day, for instance, the letters he wrote to Bramwell Booth, the General of the Salvation Army (Writings). There are also articles written by his supporters and adversaries. All material is referenced. In conclusion, this resource can be of interest to researchers and academics studying Victorian journalism and Victorian culture, as well as the figure and writings of W. T. Stead.
This online resource is devoted to the American poet Wallace Stevens (1879-1955), and is maintained by Alan Filreis, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania. The site is a collection of links, images, and hypertexts relating to Stevens, his poetry, and correspondence. The site is extensive but not comprehensive, and includes both primary and secondary sources. There are several contemporary reviews and contextual items.
The Walter Scott Digital Archive is a website is designed around the extensive Corson Collection of Walter Scott material held by the Special Collections Department of Edinburgh University Library. The site provides: pages of biographical information; synopses and publishing histories of each of Scott's major works; lists of recent publications; forthcoming events; Scott-related links; portraits of Scott; and some of his correspondence. There are also e-texts of various works by Scott, including the only available e-texts of: 'The Letters of Sir Walter Scott'; 'Tales of a Grandfather'; and 'An Apology for Tales of Terror'. The site also links to a searchable image database of Scott-related visual material, which includes: portraits; illustrations; art inspired by Scott's works; pictures of people related to the author; places; memorabilia; manuscripts; and other correspondence. Those researching or teaching Scott's works, as well as fans of his writing, would find this resource invaluable.
This is Professor Tim Kendall's blog about War Poetry, concentrating primarily on the prose and poetry of the First World War (1914-1918), but also the Second World War (1939-1945). Prof. Kendall is an expert on twentieth century British and Irish war poetry at the University of Exeter. His occasional posts are always insightful and focus in particular on his current research interests: American poet Robert Frost (1874-1963), and the poetry of Frost and Edward Thomas (1878-1917); and (with Philip Lancaster) Ivor Gurney's poems. As well as the author's opinions some of his posts can be mini-essays, and often review resources available online and published more traditionally.
The Wilfred Owen multimedia digital archive (WOMDA) aims to improve online access to primary source material relating to Wilfred Owen and to preserve this material in a digital archive. The archive provides scans of original documents relating to Owen, and also information about the First World War in general. The type of material available from the site includes: Owen's original manuscripts; letters written by Owen; audio interviews with WWI veterans; contemporary video clips; and contemporary photographs, as well as: modern video clips; and modern photographs. Items on the site can be searched by keyword or context, or browsed by topic and location of original document. This site would be of interest to students studying First World War poetry, as well as military history.
The Wilkie Collins Pages has been constructed by Paul Lewis, a freelance journalist and broadcaster. The site is dedicated to the life and work of the popular Victorian English novelist and friend of Charles Dickens, Wilkie Collins (1824-1889). A brief biographical note is provided, as well as a comprehensive bibliography of other biographical works on Collins. The site offers an excellent range of material, and its collection of images is particularly good. There is a chronological collection of more than one hundred images of Collins, including sketches by members of his family, and early photographic images. There is an extensive range of material on the site relating to the whole of Collins' life and career, including eighty e-texts of contemporary biography. There are hypertext links to a wide range of online texts, including much of Collins' correspondence and letters. This is transcribed, with useful annotations, and is also well-referenced. In many instances, an image of the original manuscript is also featured. There are also links to online texts, including novels, short stories and collaborations with Dickens, as well as scanned versions of works by Collins which have not been re-published since their first edition, a French preface to "The Woman in White", and explanation of his monogram. In addition, the site offers information about Collins' will, his travels in Italy and his friendship with Dickens. There is also a guide to Victorian money and coins which will be of more general interest to historians of the period. In short, the site contains many items that will be of interest to Collins' scholars, students and enthusiasts of his work.
Hosted by the University of Nebraska Lincoln, where Cather herself studied, The Willa Cather Archive contains a wealth of useful information for: students; researchers; and readers alike. The site features e-texts of Cather's fiction (including: 'O Pioneers'; 'My Antonia'; and 'Alexander's Bridge') and non-fiction (featuring various letters and speeches by Cather and interviews with her), each accompanied by a brief contextualising introduction. Users can also view articles written by Cather for the university magazine ('The Hesperian') during her time as a student. The site also offers information on Cather's life including: a chronology; two biographical sketches; and an online version of James Woodress's 1989 biography 'Willa Cather a Literary Life'. The scholarship section of the site offers users access to articles on Cather's work which are not readily available from other sources. It also contains e-texts of 'Cather Studies', a biennial forum for Cather scholarship printed by the University of Nebraska. In addition, the site also offers: a gallery of photographs from all eras of Cather's life; a slide show documenting the country and people she drew upon in her fiction; audio files of a speech made by Cather at the Pullitzer Prize awards in 1933; and the only known moving images of Cather.
This website is dedicated to the life and work of Scottish poet, journalist and editor William Sharp (1855-1905), and his carefully constructed alter-ego, romance writer Fiona Macleod. The first two sections, one dedicated to a brief biographical sketch and the other to an electronic archive of letters, are already operational; they are to be followed by a section devoted to bibliography and one devoted to selected works.The biographical section is focused on the life of William Sharp and on the genesis and development of the character of Fiona Macleod. The Letters section aims to become a comprehensive resource of annotated transcriptions of letters written by William Sharp (both in his name and in that of Fiona) to be found in various libraries and private collections around the world. The archive material, which has been given a unified format, is arranged chronologically and will eventually cover the entire period between 1877 and 1907.
The WW1: Experiences of an English Soldier weblog consists of transcripts of letters written during the First World War, by Private William Henry Bonser Lamin of the 9th Battalion of the York and Lancaster Regiment. The letters, originally sent to family members, are posted as individual blog entries by Private Lamin's grandson, exactly 90 years after each was originally written. The weblog also provides a war diary for the 9th Battalion itself. This is a poignant insight into one man's experience of the Great War, made all the more readable to a modern audience through the inventive use of this medium. This site would interest historians and students of this period, as well as general readers. The blog contents have recently been transformed into a book, "Letters from the Trenches: A Soldier of the Great War," which can be ordered through Amazon.