Absolute Shakespeare is primarily a site containing an authoritative text of the complete poetry and plays of Shakespeare. The site also includes: information about the Bard's life; teaching resources; a search engine tailored for finding quotes; images relating to Shakespeare and his times; information about and links to the Globe Theatre; bibliographies; and a list of film adaptations. The online text is taken from W. J. Craig's 1908 edition of the complete works. With plot summaries, essays and character analyses, Absolute Shakespeare is a very helpful site for both teachers and students of Shakespeare. The site is simple to navigate and a dependable resource. A minor drawback is the frequent appearance of pop-up advertising windows.
The Alliance of Literary Societies (ALS) is an active umbrella organisation that encompasses the hundreds of small non-profit literary societies active in the British Isles. These societies are usually historical in nature, and are devoted to the works of a particular writer or a small group of writers. The ALS website maintains a comprehensive and detailed A-Z listing of all member societies, which at June 2007 stood at over 100 members. The ALS website also lists forthcoming conferences, talks and courses held by ALS member societies. There is a noticeboard of requests and queries from members.
This is a Web page about American Drama, 1714-1915, a fully searchable database of over 1,500 plays that, with institutional subscription, can be accessed in full-text, representing the work of more than 500 playwrights. By including works written from the colonial period up to the early twentieth century, publisher Chadwyck-Healey, part of Pro-Quest Information and Learning, aims to give comprehensive coverage, illustrating the unique nature of the dramatic canon of American literature. The collection includes the complete printed record of African American drama up to 1915 and covers both rare and well-known works. Those of particular interest include George Aiken's stage adaptation of 'Uncle Tom's Cabin', and a rare first edition of Ira Aldridge's 'The Black Doctor' (c. 1847). The database must be accessed via the subscription of an academic institution to Chadwyck-Healey online resources.
This webpage, “An Overview of Arthur Miller’s Career”, is part of the “Curtain Up” Internet theatre magazine, and gives a very brief introduction to the American playwright Arthur Miller (1915-2005) who authored such works as “Death of a Salesman”, and “The Crucible”. Beginning with a summary of Miller’s life, this online resource then presents a chronology of his plays, and lists some of the trademark features of the dramas. Links are provided to book and play reviews both within and outside the Curtain Up website. Some memorable quotations from Miller’s plays conclude the page. This page is a good starting point for school students and possibly for undergraduate students looking for background information on Arthur Miller.
This website is entitled Anna Cora Mowatt and contains an essay on this mid-nineteenth century American author, public reader, playwright and actress. “Oral Interpretation scholars have called her the first "lady" elocutionist because she was the first female to enter the career of public reader without a previous career on the stage”. In 1845 her best known work, the play ‘Fashion’ was published. The website is divided into the following headings: childhood and youth, career as public reader, author of fashion, career as actress, later years, chronology and digital bibliography. There are images accompanying each section. This website would be of interest to theatre history and literary researchers.
The Aphra Behn Web page, created by Ruth Nestvold, is dedicated to the Restoration English dramatist Aphra Behn (1640-1689), "the first professional woman writer in English". The site provides a number of resources, including a chronology of Behn's life and work and a number of articles/essays by Ruth Nestvold, entitled: 'Aphra Behn, Racism and the Beginnings of Novelistic Discourse'; 'Women in the Theater after the Restoration'; and 'Aphra Behn and the Beginnings of a Female Narrative Voice'. In addition, there are two pieces written in German, one on 'Oroonoko' and the other on female authorship, as well as notes on a course on the early English novel at the University of Freiburg, 1997 and a paper written by Anne-Kathrin Rochwalsky, entitled "Credibility and Realism in Daniel Defoe's 'Moll Flanders' and Aphra Behn's 'Oroonoko'''. The site also provides links to related online resources and websites but these have not been updated for some time.
This webpage describes the University of Teesside’s archives and special collections. These comprise three main collections: the European Green Archive, covering the activities of the Green Party from 1972 to the present, and including policy documents, conference proceedings, press, minutes, manifestos and campaigns; the HMS Trincomalee Trust Archive of material relating to the reconstructed 1817 Royal Navy Frigate, including accounts, minutes, technical schematics, prints, drawings and original artefacts from the ship; and the Wally K Daly Archive of Daly’s short stories, radio plays, contributions to TV series such as Juliet Bravo, Casualty and Byker Grove, photographs and ephemera. The webpage includes information on accessing this material.
Arnold Wesker - Playwright is a website dedicated to the life and work of the English playwright Arnold Wesker, 1932- .It is run and maintained by Pixelshifters.com (a commercial website design company) and authored by Wesker himself. The site has an up-to-date news feature, a short biography, a list of foreign productions of his plays, a short and long chronology and an extensive bibliography which includes much of his journalism, essays and interviews. The most impressive feature of the site, however, deals with his work: synopses and reviews are provided for all of his plays. There is also a list of books about Wesker and links to the websites of theatres who are currently, or have in the past, produced his plays. Arnold Wesker was born in Stepney of Jewish immigrant parents. He is the author of forty-plus plays including 'Chicken Soup With Barley' (1957), 'Chips With Everything' (1962), 'The Merchant' (1977); four books of short stories; 'Fatlips' (1978) a story for young people; and an autobiography 'As Much As I Dare' (1994).
This is the official website of the United States based Arthur Miller Society whose primary aim is to promote the study of the American playwright and his work as well as supporting productions of his plays and fostering a continued interest in his work. A prolific playwright, Arthur Miller's (1915 - 2005 ) most well-known plays are Death of a Salesman (1949) which received the Pulitzer Prize, and The Crucible (1953), an allegory of the McCarthy era after the Second World War in the U.S. The site provides a brief chronology of Miller's life and works, and a list of his major productions with a brief synopsis of each. Details of membership are available as well as the contents of the Society's newsletter from 1999 to the present, and information about current events including calls for papers, conferences and panels, and current publications.
The website "Arthur Miller's The Crucible" is an engagement with the historical truth of the Salem witchcraft persecution as portrayed (or not) in Miller's work. Margo Burns, who works as a consultant on the Salem project at University of Virginia, has dedicated a lot of effort to placing material about Salem online. Miller's play uses the infamous events that took place in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692 as a metaphor for the McCarthyite political trials of the 1950s in the USA, and the work has long been debated by witchcraft historians, for its inaccuracies and generalisations. Margo Burns, on this website, provides a valuable and easily comprehensible list of historical inaccuracies that occur in Miller's play, which provoke questions as to Miller's motives and the way in which popular belief and mythologisation override facts. There are so many myths to dispel on the subject of witchcraft that this site makes a welcome change from the many amateur and erroneous sites peppering the Internet. This page is part of a set of materials on 17th century America placed online by Margo Burns.
The Author Links website is an online guide to over 700 authors, created by Bedford/St. Martin's Publishers. This resource would be useful to general readers and students looking for an introduction and pointers to further information on a particular author. Information can be searched by author or browsed alphabetically. Each entry contains: a biography; an image of the author (where available); and a list of related links. Genres covered in the list include: fiction; poetry; essays; drama; and critical theory. The writers covered in this resource are from many periods and countries, and include authors as diverse as: Margaret Atwood; Charles Darwin; Harold Pinter; William Shakespeare; Voltaire; Virgil; Euripides; Su Tung-p'o (Su Shi); and many more.
The B. S. Johnson site is devoted to the life and work of this postwar experimental British novelist, poet and playwright. Anticipating many of the techniques associated with postmodern fiction, his novels include Christie Malry's Own Double-Entry and The Unfortunates, a loose-leaf novel of 27 sections, 25 of which can be read in any order. The site includes biographical information, several photographs, quotations, and a bibliography including synopses reviews and jacket photographs. There is also a collection of articles, including contemporary reviews of Johnson's novels. These are available either in the html or PDF formats. Other features include a discussion forum and a set of links. The site is a valuable resource for scholars of Johnson, or experimental British fiction, and includes regularly updated details of related live events.
This site, entitled Speech and Drama, is a subsite of the BBC Radio 3 website. The site posts information on and audio links to the different BBC Speech and Drama programmes, which include: Night Waves; The Verb; Sunday Feature; Between The Ears; Drama on 3; and The Wire. Site visitors can access programmes relevant to the study of classic and contemporary literature, poetry, film and drama. One highlight in this respect is the site's Poetry Library, which features audio recordings of poems being read out loud, in some cases by the poets themselves. There are also some elements of the site which will interest specialists in Cultural History, with a specific programme on Czech history, for example. The site has an artist search engine, with which users can search for biographies and discographies on 15,000 artists across all genres. An interview subsite includes interviews with noted composers, directors, photographers, film-makers, sculptors, painters, artists, choreographers, historians, novelists, playwrights and poets.
BBC Writersroom is an online resource aimed at aspiring scriptwriters wanting to prepare and submit their: radio drama; television series; comedy; children's programmes; or other related material to broadcasters. Encouraging the submission of unsolicited scripts to the BBC, this site has an active profile and has started the careers of writers who have gone on to work on BBC television programmes such as: Casualty; Eastenders; and Doctors. The site is suitable for writers at all levels and is full of helpful tips and informative articles from professionals, on topics such as: presenting material; writing for particular media; and genre-specific writing. The site also provides complete programme scripts and details of competitions and other non-BBC and BBC-related writing opportunities. Free scriptwriting software is also provided, in the shape of 'Scriptsmart': a downloadable set of Microsoft Word templates written to industry-standard formats. This user-friendly site is full of encouragement for writers and is regularly updated with new information, competitions and ideas. There are links to other related BBC sites as well as to external resources.
The website of the Beckett Collection provides a brief description of the world's largest holdings of material on the author and dramatist Samuel Beckett (1906-1989), held at the library of the University of Reading. Beckett himself donated materials until his death in 1989. The collection contains: over 600 manuscript items; correspondence, including between Beckett and Pamela Mitchell, the scholar Ruby Cohn, and the theatre designer Jocelyn Herbert; critical works and editions of Beckett's work in over 20 languages; and artwork by, amongst others, Max Ernst and Jasper Johns. There is also a vast collection of press cuttings, posters, audiovisual recordings, and other Beckett ephemera, as well as hundred of "stage files" with various items pertaining to productions of his plays. The website gives a brief overview of the collection and its catalogues, and provides a link to the Beckett International Foundation, which administers and co-ordinates the collection. The website has little practical information other than to state that the collection is held there and to provide contact details concerning access to the archive, although the collection has received Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) funding to develop its online catalogue.
The Beckett International Foundation website provides information on the foundation and its work. The foundation, based at the School of English and American Literature at the University of Reading, is a charitable trust and owns the largest collection of Beckett-related materials in the world (the Beckett Archive). The trust exists to further interdisciplinary study of Beckett's works, and encompasses the: French; Philosophy; and Film, Theatre and Television departments at Reading. As well as details on the Beckett Archive and ongoing research at the University, the site also provides: links to Beckett-related websites; news on the foundation's annual Beckett Seminars and other events; and details of relevant publications by the foundation. This site would be of interest to Beckett scholars and researchers from various fields.
The Beggar's Opera website explores the background and initial reception of John Gay's famous ballad opera. First staged in 1728, The Beggar's Opera parodied the fashionable Italian operas of the period, replacing their high themes and exotic settings with contemporary London and protagonists from the criminal underworld. The site was produced by students at the University of Michigan as a class project. The site includes a brief sketch of Gay's life and works, a synopsis of The Beggar's opera, a bibliography, and a list of annotated links. A section on the musical background contextualises Gay's satire and describes his work's lasting influence. A parallel section on the theatrical background to the production describes the immediate history of the theatre in London and explains why Gay's opera was innovative and controversial. A further section, about the first production, gives the original cast list and touches upon the positive reception of the work.
Legends is a website devoted to the enduring influence of myths and legends. It is likely to be of interest for research at all levels into story telling, fairytales, hero figures and many other aspects of 'heroism, romance and adventure', in literature, history and oral tradition. The site's mission statement promises: 'guided access to primary source material and up-to-date scholarship', along with essays, reviews, historical surveys and commentary. It fulfils this promise admirably through headed pages on Robin Hood, King Arthur and Beowulf, amongst others. These include writers and artists who have drawn on mythical source material, such as Shakespeare, William Morris and J. R. R. Tolkien. Each page has an overview and history of the subject with annotated links to further resources. Essays and secondary source content include the essay 'Into the Woods' by Donald G. Keller. The whimsical nature of the homepage does not immediately suggest that this is an academic resource, but the material is presented to a high standard and the content is comprehensive and thoughtful in its analysis. This is an attractive and user-friendly site with a large amount of very useful material.
The Biographical Index of English Drama before 1660 is an online list of people recorded as being involved in dramatic activity in England up to the middle of the 17th century. Despite the resource's title however, the focus tends to be mainly on the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries. The index includes: actors; playwrights; patrons; and musicians among others. The index gives a very brief entry for each person, which can include information such as: dates for the named person's activities; the nature of their role in English drama; and bibliographical source citations. This index has a broader scope than some of its printed predecessors, encompassing different types of people who have not always been listed together in such a way. The biographical information incorporates citations from respected sources such as the Records of Early English Drama series and the Dictionary of Literary Biography. The website itself is fairly basic, giving only an introduction and alphabetical links to each section, but the information provided would be of great use to students and researchers in the field of early English drama.
'Borrowers and Lenders: a journal of Shakespeare and Appropriation' is a peer-reviewed multimedia ejournal. The journal freely offers full-text contents, and is published from the English Department of the University of Georgia in the U.S.A. The aim of the journal is to examine... 'the afterlives of Shakespearean texts and their literary, filmic, multimedia, and critical histories", and as such the journal has appeal for those outside English Literature and Theatre Studies. At February 2009 there six issues online, some themed with themes such as: 'Shakespeare for Children'; 'Canadian Shakespeares', and 'Shakespeare in the American South'. Articles are provided in PDF format. Reviews are clustered around certain media texts. The journal website has full details of the editors and Editorial Board, and the submissions process.
The brazen head is a site devoted to the Irish novelist James Joyce (1882-1941), author of Dubliners, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Ulysses and Finnegan's Wake. The site includes a short biography of Joyce and descriptions of his works and narrative technique. A news section includes links to recent discussions of Joyce in the media and lists upcoming conferences and events (such as Bloomsday celebrations or theatrical adaptations of Joyce's work). The site also includes an emailing-list, a list of recommended critical works on Joyce and his novels, and links to reviews of his works or works about him that appear online. The site discusses various audio recordings and adaptations of Joyce's work for film, theatre and musical pieces. It includes links to online reviews of these adaptations and purchasing information. There are also separate sections featuring quotes, images, online Joyce discussion lists, academic papers, lists of artists and writers influenced by Joyce, a Joyce bibliography and links to a wide range of Joyce websites. The brazen head is a vital site for Joyce enthusiasts and scholars. It is remarkably comprehensive and its content is imaginatively presented and easy to navigate.
A Brief Outline of Medieval English Literature is part of the San Antonio College British Literature Index, and provides a solid introduction to the principal writers and genres of the medieval period. The site begins with a section on Old English prose and poetry, providing details of Anglo-Saxon manuscripts and modern English translations. The Middle English section offers critical and biographical information on the major writers such as: Geoffrey Chaucer; William Langland; the Pearl Poet; Robert Henryson; and Thomas Malory, as well as details of their major works and links to e-texts and other relevant sites. The main strength of the site lies in its links to excellent pages, such as those concerning: the mystics Julian of Norwich and Margery Kempe; medieval lyrics; and medieval drama. This would make a good introduction to the literature of the period for undergraduate English students.
This is the website for the book entitled ‘British Drama: 1890 to 1950. A critical history,’ written in 1989 by Richard Farr Dietrich from the University of South Florida and published by Twayne Publishers, Massachusetts. The book is divided into six chapters: introduction: a renaissance drama; our theatres in the nineties: haunted by ghosts; 1900-1930: the triumph of the new drama; Irish drama: soul music from John Bull’s other island; 1930-1950: waiting for Beckett and common cause: a national theatre. Each chapter is then divided into subtopics. Please note the links to chronology, bibliography and author do not work at present.
The British Shakespeare Association (BSA) website provides information on the association and its work. The aim of the association is to "educate, promote, and foster a better understanding of Shakespeare's works and the man". Membership includes: academics; actors; enthusiasts; theatre directors and producers; teachers; and students. The site provides: information on the Association's biennial conference and other events; details of how to join; information on the various surviving portraits of Shakespeare; some video of Shakespeare productions; and related links.
The 'British Women Playwrights Around 1800' website aims to promote interest in the works of lesser known female playwrights of the period. The site provides full online electronic texts (in HTML or PDF format) of late 18th-century and early 19th-century plays by playwrights such as: Elizabeth Craven; Elizabeth Inchbald; Frances Burney; Catherine Gore; Harriet Lee; Sophia Lee; Mary Russel Mitford; Anne Plumptre; Elizabeth Polack; and Mariana Starke. The site also hosts a number of related essays submitted by contributors, as well as a comprehensive chronology of plays by British women playwrights from 1770-1823 that could be useful to students and researchers.
The Cambridge Edition of the Poets Online provides online access to the complete works of several important poets and to some Elizabethan drama. The electronic texts are based on the series originally published by Houghton Mifflin during the latter half of the 19th century and the first decade of the 20th century, which were described by the publishers as 'illustrated household editions'. As well as illustrations, each volume includes a brief biographical sketch of the featured author, and individual poems are frequently introduced with a note observing the place of first publication. The texts are made available in Dj-Vu format, which requires a special plug-in viewer that can be freely downloaded via a link on the site. DjVu allows for full-text searching and the highlighting of terms on the page. Poets whose works are featured on the site include: Robert Browning; Oliver Wendell Holmes; John Keats; Henry Wadsworth Longfellow; James Russell Lowell; John Milton; Alexander Pope; Edmund Spenser; Alfred Tennyson; John Greenleaf Whittier; and William Wordsworth. The Elizabethan dramatists section includes works by a great number of Elizabethan and Jacobean playwrights, including: John Lyly; Robert Greene; Christopher Marlowe; Thomas Kyd; Ben Jonson; Thomas Dekker; John Marston; Thomas Heywood; Francis Beaumont; John Fletcher; John Webster; Thomas Middleton; Philip Massinger; and James Shirley. Students studying poetry or Renaissance literature would find this resource of use.
This webpage describes work on a new Cambridge University Press edition of the collected works of Ben Jonson (1572-1637), one of the most prominent authors of the English Renaissance. The site is aimed at anyone with an interest in the period from a literary or historical point of view, students, postgraduates, and researchers. It provides a brief introduction to the ebullient life and great significance of the writer for Elizabethan and early Stuart England. There is also a brief overview of the last reprint of Jonson's works, by Herford and Simpson - the eleven-volume Oxford edition. One of the aims of the electronic and paper versions is to include newly-discovered works such as "Entertainment at Britain's Burse", plus a greater volume of poetry. The edition hopes to draw on new scholarly analysis of Jonson's works, and a much broader range of materials than those available to Herford and Simpson. Most significantly the edition will sequence the texts in chronological order of publication dates, and will modernise the texts. The edition will also feature the quarto versus folio debate, and further discussion of which texts ought to be considered as final texts. It will include a listing of the books that remained from Jonson's library, and much more material and commentary that will contextualise the work and life of Ben Jonson. A census of all known performances of his plays, an archive of references to Jonson from his death, transcripts of early attempts to write his biography, and a listing of modern criticism will all add to the corpus of sources on Ben Jonson. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
The Cambridge History of English and American Literature is the online full-text of this work, originally printed between 1907 and 1921. The encyclopedia is a broad survey of English literature from the Middle Ages to the 20th century, and comprises an extensive collection of essays on topics ranging from: poetry; fiction; drama; and essays to: history; theology; and political writing. Renaissance and Restoration drama are particular strengths of this work. The text is searchable by keyword, allowing users to find references to: specific texts; movements; and authors. The encyclopedia will be of use to students as an introduction to English and American literature in general, and also as a starting point for further research on any of the topics covered. Users should bear in mind however the age of this work, and how literary theories have progressed since its original publication.
The website of the 'Canadian Adaptations of Shakespeare Project' (CASP) provides access to research devoted to the 'systematic exploration and documentation of the ways in which Shakespeare has been adapted into a national, multicultural theatrical practice'. The resources available on the site are diverse and include: an online anthology of rare play texts with Shakespearian connections from the 19th - 21st centuries; a collection of 'Spotlight' articles highlighting various aspects of Canadian adaptations of Shakespeare; a database archive of over 500 documented plays that have been identified by CASP as Canadian adaptations of Shakespeare; interviews with theatre practitioners; a bibliography; the full text of a number of related scholarly essays and articles; guides for school teachers; an interactive folio and study guide of 'Romeo and Juliet'; Shakespeare-related games; and a virtual exhibition on Canadian adaptations of Shakespeare. The site also provides a small number of links, as well as a 'Shakespeare News' section. This resource would be of great interest to those studying or teaching Shakespeare at any level, with a view to opening new avenues of research and discussion on this topic. Researchers and those studying drama and theatre history would also find this of interest.
The Canadian Writers website, maintained by Library and Archives Canada, provides researchers with access to important archival and bibliographical material of significant Canadian writers. It contains a range of material relating to celebrated Canadian writers, including online copies of original manuscripts, typescripts, correspondence, journals and notebooks. At the time of review, the website concentrated upon eight writers: Marie-Claire Blaise; Roger Lemelin; Carol Shields; Michel Tremblay; Jacque Brault; Saint Denys Garneau; Elizabeth Smart; and Jane Urquhart. Bibliographies are provided for each writer, cataloguing the works they have published as well as critical work about them and links to other useful resources. The site also includes an essay about the cultural context of each writer, written by an academic from the University of Ottawa. This, along with the manuscript galleries, makes the site a useful resource for students of Canadian literature. It is in either French or English.
The Chamber of Demonstrations website documents a DVD that represents a theatrical experiment in theatre research and teaching. The DVD is the culmination of the research of Martin White, Professor of Theatre at the University of Bristol, which was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, and produced with the support of PARIP, an AHRC-funded project on documenting performance as research. In a full-scale candlelit reconstruction of the interior of a Jacobean indoor playhouse, experienced classical actors, dressed in costumes from Shakespeare's Globe, perform scenes from a range of early modern plays. A unique feature of the DVD allows the viewer to select and move between four viewing points in the playhouse. There is a wide range of supporting documentary material including interviews with prominent academics, demonstrations and analysis of original practices in staging, costume and make-up, as well as a computer-generated VR model. The website provides information about the project and the people and organisations behind it. It also includes some research papers, written by Martin White and other academics involved in the project.
This web page contains a chronology of Oscar Wilde but also a link which provides access to the full text of Oscar Wilde’s major works. It is part of the Corpus of Electronic Texts (CELT) website which forms part of the University of College Cork in Ireland. Each text is accompanied by an introduction, background information, graphics, translations where possible, and scholarly bibliographies where applicable. One can read essays, poems, children fiction, fiction and plays by Wilde. Titles included are: ‘The Picture of Dorian Gray’, ‘The Importance of Being Earnest’, ‘Pen, Pencil and Posion’, ‘Lord Arthur Savile's Crime’, ‘The Canterville Ghost’, ‘Poems in Prose’, ‘Ballade de Marguerite’ and many more. This is a useful resource for scholars interested in Oscar Wilde’s work.
The Classic Text: Traditions and Interpretations is an online exhibition compiled by the Special Collections departments of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries, based on a physical exhibition that was on view during 1996 and 1997. The exhibition features a range of texts and authors, including the Bible, a number of classical writers, Dante and Chaucer, Shakespeare, and several poets and novelists from the 16th to the early 20th century. Each section gives historical information about the author and works under consideration, plus details of key editions, including those to be found in the Library's Special Collections. Illustrative images are also provided. The exhibition is concerned less with the content of the texts themselves than with the works as 'cultural icons', and with the question of what leads to a book becoming regarded as a classic.
Classical Receptions in Drama and Poetry from c.1970-Present is a research project based within the Department of Classical Studies at the Open University (UK) and directed by Professor Lorna Hardwick; this is its online presence. The project aims to document and analyse the theatrical and literary interest in Greek texts and drama. This aim is accomplished through two broad aspects of the project. First, the project is publishing a series of case studies which examine relationships between the ancient texts and their corresponding modern creative art forms. Second, the project is developing a database of performances staged in the late twentieth century. Evidence is drawn from programmes, acting scripts, interviews and other texts. The Reception of Classical Texts database can be searched online after registration. A Poetry database is under development. The project publishes two peer-reviewed ejournals: New Voices and Practitioners' Voices, which are available from the website, as is the series of critical essays: 'Documenting and Researching Modern Productions of Greek Drama: The Sources'. The project has set up an electronic seminar series to enable informal contact and discussion among researchers working in the area, and these eseminars are archived and available on the project site (going back to 1998). The website also contains: information about the project and its methodology; a list of project publications; a specialist bibliography of material relating to modern productions of ancient Greek drama; and information about their Masks Workshop (2000). The project publishes listings of current and forthcoming productions in UK & Ireland and conferences, seminars and lectures, and the site makes avalable a list of links to related online resources.
Cleveland Press Shakespeare Photographs (1870-1982) is an online searchable database of approximately 400 photographs from a special collection of Cleveland State University Library. The photographs are publicity shots from various American and European theatrical and film productions of Shakespeare's plays. Images can be browsed by play or genre, or searched by keyword. Significant detail is provided about each photograph, including: a descriptive caption; a quotation of the relevant lines from the play; the media and location of production; and the names of the actors and production crew involved. Reproduction of the images is allowed for the purposes of: research; scholarship; teaching; news reporting; criticism; or comment. Theatre and film historians would find this of interest, as well as those studying Shakespeare's works.
The 'Collected Works of Shakespeare' website hosts free electronic texts of each of Shakespeare's plays and all of his poetry in HTML format. The site's author, James M. Farrow, claims that it is the Web's oldest Shakespeare site, having been online since October 1993. There seems to be some controversy here, however, as a similar MIT-hosted site makes the same claim. The advantage that this site has over its competitor is the inclusion of a comprehensive search engine that not only conducts keyword and phrase searching but can also handle queries involving 'near', 'before', 'after', and so forth. Searches may also be restricted by play, character, act, or scene. Returning search terms in situ within their host texts, the results page allows users to quickly locate half-remembered phrases or source references. The website also has a list of links to other major online Shakespeare resources. The text upon which this site is based is the 'Complete Moby Shakespeare', which is not generally regarded as a particularly reliable edition, although it is the common source for many of the free Shakespeare texts found on the Internet. Students and scholars should generally avoid citing such online editions in academic essays.
'The Complete Works of William Shakespeare' is a website published on the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website, that offers full-text versions of all of Shakespeare's plays. A table of the plays (under the headings: comedy; history; and tragedy) on the homepage provides access to the texts, which are then divided into acts and scenes. The search engine is unavailable at the time of writing. This resource would be useful to students who need quick access to the texts, although there are no accompanying notes.
This is the website of The Cormac McCarthy Journal Online which is published once a year by the Cormac McCarthy Society and "modified or updated as events warrant". The printed version is sent free to members of the Society but many of the articles and reviews are available to download in PDF from this site. The Society's stated purpose is "to further the scholarship and general appreciation of Cormac McCarthy's (1933- ) writing and to facilitate the gathering of scholars and enthusiastic lay readers alike who share a common interest in Cormac McCarthy and his work." McCarthy's first novel 'The Orchard Keeper' was published in 1965, since then he has written several other novels and plays including 'No Country for Old Men' (2005) which was successfully filmed by Joel and Ethan Coen in 2007.
The David Mamet Info Page is a website devoted to the work of the American playwright (1947- ), arguably best known for the Pulitzer Prize-winning Glengarry Glen Ross. Mamet has also written screenplays, adapted novels for the screen such as James M. Cain's The Postman Always Rings Twice, and directed films such as House of Games. This site is the work of an enthusiast rather than an academic, but it does include material that may interest the researcher. The main page provides an overview of Mamet's career and links to further areas. There is a bibliography of Mamet's primary works, interviews, articles, and some multimedia clips. Images of Mamet book covers, playbills, and movie posters are also available from the site. A news section contains a variety of further information, but had not been recently updated at the time of review.
Dr. Raymond Nigham of St. John's College High School (Washington D.C.) provides this online resource for feminism and Shakespeare. Originally meant for his secondary school students, this website (written with Dr. Donna Freitas) will be of interest to Shakespeare and feminist studies students elsewhere. This Web resource provides an interesting reading of Shakespeare through the lens of feminist theory. Freitas describes a model of women as seen in Shakespeare's time and how protagonists such as Ophelia fit into this view. The resource is illustrated with citations and explanations from critical theorists such as Martha Nussbaum and Toril Moi. Besides offering feminist re-readings of Othello, Macbeth, Measure for Measure and Hamlet, this resource also provides links to websites with information on Shakespeare's life and times, the portrayal of women in other Shakespeare plays and a link to postmodern and Marxist feminism.
Dreiser Online is a website dedicated to the American novelist, playwright, short story and travel writer Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945). It is compiled by Roger W. Smith, an independent scholar, and former bibliographer of 'Dreiser Studies', based in New York. It is still a work in progress but already boasts an impressive bibliography of works about Dreiser from 1990 to the present, genealogies of Dreiser and related families, a Dreiser biography and chronology, and media related to Dreiser (including photographs and recordings of compositions by his brother, the popular songwriter, Paul Dresser). The site also has a search facility and a page of links. It is intended to provide information on Dreiser for the scholar as well as the beginning student and to Dreiser's readers worldwide. The bibliography will be expanded to include complete coverage for all years and to include works by Dreiser. Various other facilities are promised including an online forum, an archive of articles, a calendar and a list of works in print. The availability of these will be announced in the 'News' section.Theodore Dreiser published his first novel 'Sister Carrie' in 1900 and went on to produce many other novels, plays, short stories and works of non-fiction. But the novel that is widely regarded as his finest achievement was 'An American Tragedy', published in 1925.
The Duchess of Malfi website (created by Dr. Larry A. Brown, professor of theater, Nashville, TN) provides the complete text of The Duchess of Malfi, by John Webster, with notes and commentary. The site divides the text into individual scenes, with the notes accessible by clicking on hyperlinks in the text. The notes mostly amount to a glossary of more difficult words and phrases, but also sometimes include helpful and fairly detailed historical background. The site also provides information on Aristotle's theories on tragedy, and how Renaissance dramatists departed from his formula. This simple site is a fast and useful tool for scholars working on Webster.
This is the website of the Early Modern English Drama database. The database covers data on the performance of early modern English drama in London from 1576 when the first public playhouse was constructed, until 1642 when the playhouses were closed by Parliament. The database is organised into tables and information can be sorted by title, date, playwright, company and playhouse or theatre. The database has been created by Tom Dale Keever. The web pages can be downloaded and used using word processing software or database software like MS Excel so that users can use the data for research. There is also a short bibliography.
"Early Shakespeare" is a detailed course Web page written by Michael Best at the University of Victoria. The site is intended to be a self-standing course for anyone interested in Shakespeare's early work. The course is divided into a number of sections: Romeo and Juliet; The Sonnets; Love's Labour's Lost; and Richard II. Complete online electronic texts are also provided. For each play or text there is: a study plan; a self-test; background reading; a commentary; introductory essays; and study questions. The introductory essays are particularly strong and will serve as an excellent guide to independent study.
The East London Theatre Archive (ELTA) website provides information about this JISC-funded digital archive that features material from V&A Theatre Collections, Hackney Empire, Half Moon Young People's Theatre, Hoxton Hall, Theatre Royal Stratford East, Theatre Venture, and Wilton's Music Hall. Beginning in March 2007, the two-year digitisation project was led by the University of East London and funded by the JISC Digitisation Programme. It is the intention of this online resource to help to address the gap in research which exists as attention is normally focused on the performing arts in the West End, and to provide more information about East London theatre and drama. The archive can be searched, or browsed by theatre or collection. A huge variety of items are shown, including: architectural drawings; posters; press releases; programmes; photographs; flyers; annual reports; contracts; and educational packs. Although a small handful of 19th century playbills relating to Hoxton Hall is included, the majority of material ranges from the 1970s to 2008. Metadata and enlargeable images are provided for each item. A series of short essays can be viewed (under 'themes'); these explore different aspects of the history of East London's theatre, including: East End theatre; black characters in drama and entertainment; East London immigration; the use of local events or stories in plays; nautical drama; stage adaptations of popular stories; and how employment was dealt with in drama. This straightforward and user-friendly website provides a vast amount of primary source information about East London theatre, and would be of great interest to theatre students of any level.
Elizabethan and Jacobean drama is an online teaching and learning resource created by the Centre for the Study of the Renaissance at the University of Warwick. The site focuses on the lives and works of five dramatists: Thomas Kyd; Ben Jonson; Christopher Marlowe; Thomas Middleton; and John Webster. The site uses: texts; biographies; bibliographies; readings; performance records; and lectures to engage students with the texts and performance history of the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods. The materials are delivered in a number of ways, including: video clips; audio clips; photographs; and annotated text fragments. The resources here give a good introduction to the period and the playwrights, and provide ideas for teaching the subject at University level. Materials can be accessed by playwright, and also by type of resource.
This is the website of the Ellen Terry and Edith Craig database. It is an online database that describes the documents of Ellen Terry (1847-1928) and Edith Craig (1869-1947), which belong to the National Trust, and are held at the British Library and Smallhythe Place, Kent, England. The archive contains over 20,000 documents relating to the careers of the Victorian actress, Ellen Terry, her daughter, Edith Craig who was a theatre director and women’s suffrage activist, and Ellen Terry’s son Edward Gordon Craig, theatre director and designer. One can search the catalogue by keyword or phrase and narrow the search by date, document type and document attribute. Each entry contains further information about the document and location. The project was funded by the AHRC and the Principal Investigator was Dr Katharine Cockin, English Department, University of Hull, England. This database would be of interest to theatre students and researchers.
The Enfolded Hamlet is an electronic version of both the second quarto and first folio editions of William Shakespeare's play. Differences between the two texts are highlighted in pink or green, with sections common to both presented in blue. This enables both texts to be displayed together on the same screen, allowing for easy comparison. Whilst both versions of the play may be displayed in their entirety, the site comes equipped with a search engine that enables the user to find and compare specific sections, either by reference to line number or by keyword. This is an excellent site that is both efficient and well-presented. It should prove a useful tool for anyone who needs to quickly determine the differences between the versions of Hamlet at any given point in the text.
'English Literature: early 17th Century (1603-1660)' is part of the Luminarium web pages and contains a wealth of material relating to seventeenth-century writers active between 1603 and (approximately) 1660. Writers represented on the site include: John Donne; John Milton; George Herbert; John Webster; and Francis Bacon among others. For each author the site includes: links to online editions of their works; a biography and timeline; a selection of their more famous quotations; links to related materials; and related student essays and published journal articles. These online articles are particularly useful and noteworthy, and set this site apart from its rivals. The information given about each writer is comprehensive, and the original sources are cited. Where several different biographies are available online, links are given to each. In addition to the author-specific material, the site provides short histories of the 'Cavalier' and 'Metaphysical' poets. The site has a good search engine and is superbly presented, being illustrated with contemporary paintings and designs, including portraits of most of the authors. This resource should be bookmarked by every student of pre-Restoration 17th-century literature.
Early Renaissance in Context (ERIC) is a website that has been developed as electronic courseware for English literature students, with an emphasis on Shakespeare and the early-modern printed book. Two types of resource are provided by ERIC: two sets of multimedia tutorials (Flash-based) on 'Shakespeare in Context' and 'The Early Modern Material Text'; and a database of facsimiles of early printed texts from the University of Pennsylvania's Furness Shakespeare Library. 'Shakespeare in Context' includes tutorials on: Romeo & Juliet; Richard III; the Merchant of Venice; and King Lear, while 'The Early Modern Material Text' focuses on: 'Looking at Older Books'; 'Making Books'; 'Folios, Quartos and Publishing'; and ''Editing and "Unediting"'. The tutorials help to put their subjects into historical context, for example through discussion of each play's performance history, or providing images from the early texts as illustration. The facsimiles database gives access to scanned images of early printed editions of Shakespeare's works, and is searchable by: author; title; or date range, and can also be browsed by author or title. Multiple versions of texts may be compared on-screen. This is an excellent example of the Internet being used to facilitate learning in an innovative and involving manner, and would be of interest not only to English students, but also to theatre historians and those interested in the history of the book. The project is the work of the University of Pennsylvania, and is funded by The National Endowment for the Humanities.
eOneill.com: an Electronic Eugene O'Neill Archive offers links to a comprehensive range of Internet resources relating to the American playwright (1888-1953).There are links to the complete texts online, manuscripts, letters, photographs and production artefacts. The site provides links to most major collections of O'Neill's papers, including archives at Princeton University, Yale University and the University of Virginia.There is also biographical information and audio versions of a selected number of O'Neill's plays. Users can also follow links to the Eugene O'Neill Foundation at Tao House, where a virtual tour is available.The site is attractively and clearly designed. It is managed by a panel of O'Neill scholars in the United States and offers one of the most authoritative and complete archives of O'Neill resources on the web.
The EServer.org website began in 1990 with a few critical publications and is now hosted by Iowa State University and has over 35,000 publications, with the number growing. This site will be of interest to a range of students as it provides indepth links to subjects such as: art; architecture; aesthetic theories; cultural theory; cybertheory; government; bibliographies; calls for papers; drama; education; feminism; scholarly resources and journals and too many more to name. The plethora of works available ensures many students will find something pertinent. Of the myriad critical studies these are some well-know names: Mary Wollstonecraft; Aphra Behn; Marx; William Faulkner; Jane Austen; Samuel Johnson; Mona Lisa and again, many many more. Each section is divided by subject heading and then within that section are links to primary sources, secondary and critical sources also although most sources are text documents there are often images and links to external sites included.
Etext Center offers access to a wide variety of online texts in English literature. The resources available in American literature are particularly rich and include early American fiction, Native American literature, literature from the American civil war and the Salem witch trials. The site also provides access to special collections at the University of Virginia, including a digital collection of African-American educational photographs and selected private and official correspondence of Abraham Lincoln and Thomas Jefferson.Other materials include online texts of William Shakespeare in both First Folio and early Quarto editions. There is a facility which allows users to make side-by-side comparisons of different texts, which is extremely simple to use and valuable as a research tool.
'Fathoms from Anywhere' is an online electronic exhibition on the life and work of author and playwright Samuel Beckett. The exhibition is the work of the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin. The site is divided into six sections: an introduction; 'Career'; 'Beckett's Circle'; 'Share Your Thoughts'; 'Biographical Timeline'; and 'About the Archive'. The career section is fairly comprehensive, working from his early writings to his final and posthumous works. Each of these periods is discussed in a few short paragraphs, supported by images of: manuscripts; book covers; and photographs. 'Beckett's Circle' contextualises Beckett by listing and describing the people and organisations that were his contemporaries. 'Share Your Thoughts' allows visitors to the exhibition to post a comment about Beckett and his works, while the 'Biographical Timeline' is a link to the timeline on the Samuel Beckett Endpage at the University of Antwerp. The final section gives an overview of the history and organisation of the Ransom Center's Beckett archive, from which the images and quotes in the exhibition are taken. This site would be of use to students and researchers working on Beckett, as well as interested readers and audiences of his works.
This page of the New York Times website Books section, features archive material on the plays of Arthur Miller, published between 1944 and 2000. This is a rich resource for students and researchers interested in the plays in performance. It also offers insights into the author from his own writing, and that of critics. Performance reviews of The Man Who Had All The Luck; All My Sons; Death of A Salesman; The Crucible; and A View from the Bridge, amongst others, are included. As they cover an extensive period, some plays are reviewed in several productions, adding value to the site as a performance studies resource. Also included are reviews of printed texts of Miller's plays, as well as his novels, including Focus and The Misfits, short stories and collaborative publications. A large number of articles on Miller during his long career are featured, and followed by articles by Miller himself on his plays, observations on society and experiences as a director and playwright. The final element of the site is an audio of Arthur Miller reading from his collected essays, Echoes Down the Corridor. This site offers a very comprehensive and user-friendly resource, which gives an insight into the huge contribution to modern theatre, in terms of quantity, quality and controversy made by Arthur Miller. Links are available to other featured authors in the Books section of this site, as well as to reviews of Echoes down the Corridor and a sample of the first chapter of the collection. Free registration is required to access the site.
This website offers a short introduction to the AHRC-funded research network, ‘Filming and Performing Renaissance History 1500-1660’. The network brings together scholars interested in the representation of the renaissance through film and performance, investigating a corpus which includes history films, period television dramas, museum exhibitions, reenactments and theatre. Members have a wide range of backgrounds and the intention is to develop a truly interdisciplinary and nuanced approach to the understanding of the early modern era in popular consciousness. The website details the programme of symposia and a conference which will underpin the network during 2008-2009, although as befits a project which (at the time of writing) is in progress, there no reportage of these, nor, as yet, the project’s promised online database.
'Five Sixteenth-Century Latin Plays' is a website which provides modern translations of five 16th-century plays taken from the 'Comedies and Tragedies', edited by Nicholas Brylinger and published in 1540. The translations, made by Professor C.C. Love of the University of Toronto, are close to the Latin but not so literal as to be unreadable. The five plays are: 'Susanna' by Betulius; 'Pammachius' by Naogeorgus; 'Christus Xilonicus' by Bartolomaeus; and 'Hecastus' and 'Andrisca' both by Macropedius. In addition, an introduction provides some background on Renaissance scriptural Latin drama, and appendices give brief biographies of the authors. Whilst the translations would be more useful read alongside the original Latin, this website provides useful access for students and researchers to relatively unknown texts.
The website of the Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington DC, provides information and resources relating to this independent research library. A major center for scholarly research, the Folger houses the world's largest collection of Shakespeare materials (including some of the earliest printed texts of his plays) in addition to a magnificent collection of other rare Renaissance books and manuscripts on disciplines including: history and politics; theology and exploration; and law and the arts. The library also holds a collection of: art works; photographs; maps; early music; playbills; theatrical programs and scrapbooks; promptbooks; and films and videos. Access to the physical collection is restricted to academic researchers but the website provides a free online digital image library comprising over 30,000 images from across the Folger's collections. These images can be searched by keyword or bibliographic data, or browsed by year, title or event, among other options. In addition the Library provides: an online catalogue; access information; and updates on news and events in the library. Shakespeare researchers or students would find this a fascinating and useful resource.
The Folk Play Research Home Page contains a wealth of materials relating to traditional guisers' and mummers' plays. This extensive website should form an essential resource for scholars researching traditional British folk plays, (including quack doctor plays, hero/combat plays, plough plays and sword dance plays). Folk plays are performed at Christmas, Easter, and other festivals, and tour public houses and private residences. They are in verse and usually involve stock characters such as St. George, a dragon, Beelzebub, and a quack doctor who brings one of the main characters back to life after a staged combat. The focus of the site is upon England and the British Isles, although some parts of the site cover a broader geographical area. The site hosts over 200 scripts of traditional folk plays, concentrating on the oldest extant sources and their ballad relations. These are grouped by geographical origin and the key characters involved (such as Robin Hood, Galoshins, the recruiting sergeant, etc.). Also hosted on the site is the Traditional Drama Forum journal, which includes articles and reviews. There is a large set of categorised links, an annotated bibliography, a directory of researchers and their interests, and a page of information about the Traditional Drama Research Group of the University of Sheffield. Further resources include the Alex Helm Collection Inventory, a database consisting of almost 4,000 records relating to British folk plays, Morris dancing, and other traditional performances. The Nottinghamshire Plays and Customs page offers a similar database of folk plays and Plough Monday customs from the Midlands. There is a bibliography of theses from North American colleges on traditional drama and related topics, which also covers non-English performance, and a list of publications by the National Centre for English Cultural Tradition (NACECT). Photographs of performances are also included at the site. Interested parties may choose to subscribe to the site's mailing list.
Footlight Notes is an online magazine created by John Culme, which covers popular entertainment - theatre, variety, music hall, vaudeville, musical comedy, revue and circus - between the 1850s and the 1920s. A valuable resource for theatre studies, the site is an eclectic mix of material from articles on theatre performances to sound files of popular songs, and cigarette cards to postcards. It "explores the lives and careers of performers, musicians, vocalists and others - both celebrated and obscure" in Britain, the British Empire and the United States, providing detailed biographical profiles, photographs, reviews of specific shows and performances and press cuttings. A selection of sound clips of songs are also available on the site. The 'footlight notes postcard project' is a listing of the Rotary Photographic Series of postcards; a small number of images are available. The contents of previous issues are archived on the site and are accessible via an A to Z list of performers names. Names long forgotten, such as Oscar Asche, Ella Retford, Phyllis Dare and Grace La Rue, are recalled with photographs of the artists, reviews of their work and numerous early recordings, which are available via RealAudio. The site is user-friendly and visually attractive, with archive photographs and an overall presentation which evokes the mood of the era.
The online resource 'From Stage to Page: Medieval and Renaissance Drama' is a part of Professor Gerard NeCastro's home page at the University of Maine at Machias. This Web page gives access to NeCastro's own editions of numerous complete English play texts, split into four categories: Moral Comedies; Non-Cycle Plays; Medieval Mystery Cycle Plays; and Tudor Drama. NeCastro authorises full use of the texts, but asks to be notified of their use. The site encompasses texts from the early drama canon such as: the Chester cycle; York cycle; and Towneley cycle but also includes editions of rarer plays such as: 'Mundus et Infans'; and 'Lucidus and Dubius'. These sources would be invaluable to students and researchers in the field of medieval drama. The plays are displayed in plain text, which makes them easily accessible, if lacking in extra features.
The Georgian Theatre 1714-1837 website provides a useful reference guide to plays staged in London and the American Colonies during the eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries. While some of the material was withdrawn from free usage in early 2006, the open access elements of the site include 'New Plays on the London Stage, 1700 - 1810', 'The Colonial American Stage, 1665 - 1774', and 'The New London Stage, 1700 - 1729'. These features include details concerning the theatre at which the play was staged, the date of the first performance, the author, and genre (comedy, tragedy, opera, masque etc.). Notes mention alternative titles of the piece in question, whether it is a sequel or adaptation, revisions and additions, and refer to notable pamphlets and other printed materials mentioning the play. A 'Basic Bibliography of Restoration and Eighteenth Century English Drama' is also included. While some of the features on the site are accessed via a link, others open as downloadable Word documents. This is a notable online resource, which should be of great interest to scholars researching the drama and theatre history of the period.
This website focuses on the life and work of Gertrude Stein (1874-1946), the American writer who spent much of her life in Paris. The site features 'Time-sense', an electronic journal on the art of Gertrude Stein. The publication consists of no more than two issues, but the full content of both is available online. There is also a section on the Stein theatre, including links to external sites, and a general Links page, referring the user to other online materials regarding the study of Stein's works and their literary context. Unfortunately, several of these links do not seem to be working. 'Critical Bibliography on the Life and Work of Gertrude Stein' is a particularly commendable section of this resource as it lists a wide variety of relevant publications, including biographical material, primary and secondary bibliographies, literary criticism, and critical analyses of the role she played in the development of modernist art and literature. Although still incomplete, and without any indication when it was last updated (possibly, late 1990s), thanks to all the lists of sources it provides, this website can be a good first point of reference for students in search of bibliographical information on Stein and her work.
The Web Page Giles Corey of the Salem Farms contains the transcription of the play of that name by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. The play is set in Salem in 1692 (scene of the infamous trials for witchcraft). The barest cast of characters is employed in this rendering, coincidentally those with the most dramatic appeal, such as Corey's wife, Martha, Cotton Mather, the magistrate John Hathorne, one of the afflicted girls, Mary Walcot, and of course Tituba the slave. This play makes for interesting reading as a forerunner of The Crucible by Arthur Miller and for its sometimes perceptive dialogue, which accommodates, unknowingly, twentieth century historiographical debates on the subject of witchcraft. It is an excellent work to study for those researching English/American literature or the literature or history of witchcraft. This site is part of readbookonline.net and features some advertising.
The Globe Theatre is a website devoted to the history of the original Elizabethan Globe theatre. The site is divided into sections, each concentrating on a different aspect of the Theatre, including: history; audience; interior; pictures; and relationship to Shakespeare and Elizabethan theatre more generally. The website is somewhat difficult to navigate, but does provide useful information on the construction and use of the original Globe, as well as summaries of Shakespeare's plays and Globe and Renaissance theatre-related images. The site also gives some information on the construction and layout of the modern Globe Theatre. The resource would make an interesting backdrop to Shakespeare studies, or a useful introduction to the theatre of the English Renaissance and to Shakespeare's life and works.
The Department of Drama at Goldsmiths University of London’s website contains these pages dedicated to its research. This has a particular focus on the “social roles, impact and influence of theatre/performance” and is organised around four clusters: Practice-as-research ( which encompasses performance in a wide range of non-traditional settings , including public services and creative industries); Cross Disciplinary Performance and Interdisciplinary Writing (includes history, translation studies , African studies , English studies and sociology); History and theory of the theatre; multiculturalism multiculturalism and hybrids (“exploring issues specific to multicultural Britain in the contexts of immigration and globalisation” and embracing new technologies). The website includes more detail of each of these areas, and lists research projects within them, for example the AHRC-funded ‘Inheritors of the Diaspora: Contemporary Black British Poetry, Drama and Prose’.
"Hamlet: The Undiscovered Country" is a website designed as a companion to Steve Roth's book of the same title. Roth supplies the full text of the preface and first chapter of the book which discuss the conundrum of Hamlet's age, as well as a timeline of the play which attempts to relate events in the play to events in Shakespeare's own life. A link is also provided to Chapter 2 of Roth's book (published in the online journal 'Early Modern Literary Studies') in which he investigates the timeline further. A Q & A page answers questions such as 'What’s [Hamlet] doing while he’s with the pirates? And how long is he with them?' and 'Why does Hamlet call Polonius a fishmonger, and who is Jephthah?'. This website is an interesting glimpse into Roth's book, and would be of use to students beginning to study the text of the play, as well as interested readers.
Hamlet Haven is an impressive website, based on an MA project by Harmonie Loberg of South Florida University. The site aims to be a comprehensive, but selective, bibliography of articles and books on Hamlet, and at the time of writing covered the period 1991 to 2003. Each listed item is accompanied by a substantial, scholarly and informative abstract. The bibliography covers: major characters; popular themes; deconstruction, feminism, psychoanalysis, and other important theoretical approaches. The site, which uses windows, is simple and fast, making it a valuable resource for students and teachers of Hamlet.
Hamlet on the Ramparts is an online collection of texts, images, and films related to Hamlet's first encounter with the ghost (Act I, scenes 4 and 5) in Shakespeare's play. Created by the MIT Shakespeare Project, in collaboration with major libraries, publishers and scholars, the website is a multimedia archive that aims to provide free access to digital resources. The site offers: electronic text excerpts from three major modern editions (the Arden, the Folger, and the Oxford); page images from the first three printed editions of the play (The First Folio, The First Quarto, The Second Quarto); and an expansive collection of artwork based on Hamlet and digitised photographs of recent productions from the Shakespeare Centre in Stratford-upon-Avon. Additionally, the site contains sequences from three film versions: the Forbes-Robertson film of 1913, the Svend Gade adaptation of 1920, and the filmed record of the Richard Burton-John Gielgud production of 1964. The site also provides lesson plans and useful guides and tutorials for teachers.
Hamletworks.org is a comprehensive resource on Hamlet and related texts. Aimed at researchers and scholars in English and Theatre Studies, as well as enthusiastic theatre-goers and students, the site offers a wide range of material covering all aspects of the text, in print and performance. Edited by four professors from different American universities, the website is directed in partnership with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Shakespeare Project, directed by Professor Peter S. Donaldson, and MIT "will soon be the home of the website" (February 2009). As a developing site, hamletworks.org is growing and changing, but has an impressive collection of core resources. Researchers using the site may compare early Hamlet editions from the First Quarto (Q1, 1603), Second Quarto (Q2, 1605), First Players' Quarto (Q6, 1676) and First Folio (F1, 1623). They may also build a concordance, survey textual notes in editions from Q2 to the present and compare commentaries on the play from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries by clicking on a line number. Texts may be compared side-by-side in a split screen feature. Also available are facsimile editions, essays and reviews, a bibliography, collections of illustrations and a wide range of other related material. The site is user-friendly, easy to navigate and full of valuable information for all levels of study.
HaroldPinter.org is the official website of the British playright, director, actor, poet and political activist, Harold Pinter (1930-). Pinter's plays include The Birthday Party, The Room and The Caretaker.The site includes a brief biography, information on Pinter's acting and directing career, poems, and political speeches and correspondence. There are indexes of works by and about Pinter. There are also discussions and reviews of past and upcoming productions of Pinter's plays and screenplays. The site is regularly updated and keeps abreast of current Pinter projects worldwide. There is also an extensive set of relevant links.The site is an invaluable resource for those interested in the life and works of one of Britain's most significant postwar playrights.
HarperAudio! features sound recordings of a selection of plays, poems, short stories and speeches by famous authors. The site includes a number of authors reading their own works, including T.S. Eliot, Robert Frost, Wallace Stevens, William Faulkner, Dylan Thomas, Robert Graves and John Updike. Also featured are the Nobel Prize acceptance speeches of William Faulkner and Ernest Hemingway. Recordings of dramatic performances include plays by Shakespeare and Arthur Miller. Recordings can usually be downloaded in au, ra and gsm formats.
The Illustrated Shakespeare Online website consists primarily of scanned images of the complete three volume Verplanck edition of Shakespeare (published in 1847). Additional resources include: scans of a 'Shakespeare Rare Print Collection'; Shakespeare articles from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica and the Century Cyclopedia; the complete works of Edmund Spenser; and scans of a selection of other Elizabethan plays (including works by: Christopher Marlowe; Thomas Dekker; Thomas Kyd; and John Webster among others). All works are provided in DjVu format. The site includes a full concordance search of all the texts and would be of interest to: book historians; English literature; and those studying drama in a historical context. This site is related to the Cambridge Edition of the Poets.
The Index of the Literature of the English Renaissance and Early Seventeenth Century is useful as a general introduction to the works of the major writers of the period. It opens with a brief bibliography of general studies on the literature of the English Renaissance and links to Internet resources including one to an excellent, comprehensive site of Renaissance e-texts. The index lists over fifty writers of the period including: playrights William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, and John Webster; poets John Milton and Edmund Spenser; and the essayist Sir Francis Bacon; and less well known figures such as the poets Thomas Traherne and Thomas Carew. Links are provided to full online texts of some works by each writer, as well as to biographical information.
The Interactive Shakespeare Project is a multidisciplinary initiative based at the College of the Holy Cross in Massachussets in the United States. The website of the project hosts a prototype online interactive study guide to William Shakespeare's play 'Measure for Measure'. The project aims to provide an active learning environment for the study of Shakespeare, which can be used by students and educators in secondary schools or at undergraduate level. The study guide provides: text; video; and audio material, as well as study prompts and classroom exercises. The study prompts appear in the form of hypertext links to questions on specific words and phrases in the play. The questions appear in text boxes alongside the dialogue, so that it is always possible to keep each passage in context. The website also provides the full text of essays relating to Measure for Measure, on topics such as: marriage; prostitution; and the performance history of the play. An archive of reviews of notable productions of the play is another of the many features of this site which would be of interest to those working on the stage history of Shakespearean drama. There is a separate study guide for teachers, which covers topics including: the teaching of metre; understanding and interpreting soliloquies; and performance activities.
The International Journal of Scottish Theatre was a free online peer-reviewed journal which published articles relating to all aspects of Scottish theatre and drama. The journal was published twice yearly by the Department of Drama, Queen Margaret University College between June 2000 and December 2002. Articles available include pieces on the work of: Joan Ure; John Byrne; and Ian Brown. The site includes a fully searchable archive of all seven issues produced. Both drama and English students would find this resource of interest.
The Internet Shakespeare Editions website provides online access to scholarly editions of the plays of William Shakespeare. Affiliated with the University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, it contains "scholarly, fully annotated texts of Shakespeare's plays, multimedia explorations of the context of Shakespeare's life and works, and records of his plays in performance". The website gives access to old-spelling texts of the Quartos and the early Folios, including texts of plays which are no longer generally attributed to William Shakespeare. The advantage of this is that it facilitates comparisons between different editions for scholars engaged in textual study. The Internet Shakespeare Editions (ISE) are organized using the central metaphor of a library: there is a Foyer, the Library itself, a Theatre, and an Annex for more informal discussion. The Library contains works that have been reviewed by scholars in the field. It includes fully-edited plays and poems, together with a full exploration of the context in which Shakespeare wrote, and other critical and reference materials. The Theatre section contains the database of Shakespeare in Performance which includes full descriptions of Shakespeare on film, as well as illustrations of historical performances and representative collections of modern productions. The Annex currently houses transcriptions of a number of folio and quarto texts, and some articles on electronic editions. The site also contains useful discussions of the principles of encoding electronic texts. There is a gateway to Internet sites on Shakespeare and the Renaissance. All sites reached from this page have been evaluated, and recommended sites are signalled with the ISE logo of the swan; outstanding sites receive two swans.
The Iowa State University Play Concordances website is designed to assist university students studying word usage in drama. It is not concerned with analysis or criticism. The website contains concordances to: 'Candida' by Bernard Shaw; 'The Children's Hour' by Lillian Hellman; 'Death of a Salesman' by Arthur Miller; 'A Doll House' by Henrik Ibsen; 'The Father' by August Strindberg; 'The Importance of Being Earnest' by Oscar Wilde; 'Juno and Paycock' by Shawn O'Casey; 'The Little Foxes' by Lillian Hellman; ''night Mother' by Marsha Norman; and 'A Raisin in the Sun' by Lorraine Hansburry. There are full dialogue versions for some of the texts, but these are for research purposes only. For each play there are complete alphabetical word lists, plus word lists arranged by frequency of use. The site is easy to navigate and simple to use.
The “Irish Literary Sources and Resources” website contains several background essays on ancient Irish history and literature, several primary texts of ancient Irish legends, and editions of modern Irish drama and prose fiction. The featured texts include Lady Gregory’s translations of “The Fate of the Children of Lir” and “Oisin and Patrick”, and Kuno Meyer’s translations of several early Irish lyric poems. The modern texts reproduced on this site include, J. M. Synge’s play “Riders to the Sea”, “The Nowlans” by John Banim, “The Hedge School” by William Carleton, “Castle Rackrent” by Maria Edgeworth, Gerald Griffin’s “The Collegians”, “Grania, the Story of an Island” by Emily Lawless, and the James Joyce short story, “The Dead”. This resource is ideal for individuals looking for the primary texts of specific works in Irish literature.
This is the official website of Irvine Welsh, an acclaimed writer of novels, stories and stage and screenplays. The website includes latest news and events. There is a biography on the writer with photographs. Under books, one can view individual titles of novels, short stories and play scripts. Each title contains a summary, an extract and reviews. The section journalism contains full text articles written by Welsh as well as reviews. There is also information on plays and adaptations that have been performed in theatres. The section on film contains details and summaries of film adaptations such as Trainspotting, originals such as Wedding Belles, shorts and music videos.
This website contains information on the playwright and novelist J. B. Priestley. There is a section on ‘biography’ which contains a biographical timeline of J. B. Priestley’s life and works. There is a bibliography which lists titles and dates of publication. The bibliography is divided into the following sections: fiction, non- fiction and Priestley’s plays in order of performance. The events section contains details of events such as new editions of Priestley’s works and production of plays. There are links to other relevant websites.
This is the website for the J. B. Priestley collection held by the University of Bradford Library. The website describes the collection and explains how to find and access the material. There is some background information on the beginnings of the collection. The collection is divided into published material and archive material. Published materials include novels, essays, plays, pamphlets and works of biography and history. One can search for material by accessing the library catalogue. There is also a link to a list of published works in the J. B. Priestley collection. The archive includes typescripts of plays, film scripts and TV scripts. There are many photographs, plus correspondence, press cuttings, film and theatre ephemera and personal effects, including clothing and many of Priestley's iconic pipes.
This is the website of the J. B. Priestley Society. The Society was founded in 1997 and aims to promote Priestley’s literary works as well as provide members of the Society with opportunities to network. The Society runs activities such as lectures, seminars and the promotion of public performances of Priestley’s plays. There is a short article on J. B. Priestley, further information on the Society, its officers, role and activities, membership information, a list of publications published by the J. B. Priestley Society and a list of events.
'Joe Orton Online' is a substantial and well-designed website that celebrates and explores the life and work of British playwright Joe Orton (1933-1967). This website is illustrated and contains scholarly materials such as a timeline, a large photo gallery that includes the photomontage-altered library books, an illustrated biography including details of the novels, details of all the plays, and details of the fifteen scholars who have so far contributed to the website. The website has been published with the support of the Orton Estate.
The John Lyly Web pages are part of the Luminarium Sixteenth Century Renaissance English Literature (1485-1603) website, and provide an introduction to the life and works of this Elizabethan poet and playwright. John Lyly (1554-1606) became instantly famous with the publication of the prose romance 'Euphues, or the Anatomy of Wit' (1578) and its sequel 'Euphues and His England' (1580). The elaborate prose style that was modelled on Lyly was called Euphuism and became the fashion of the 1580s. Lyly gained control of Blackfriars Theatre and wrote a number of prose comedies including 'Endymion: The Man in the Moon' (1586-7) and 'Love's Metamorphosis' (1589). The website provides a brief biography of Lyly, as well as links to online texts of his works and related essays and articles. Students and researchers working on the period would find this resource of interest.
'John Skelton (ca.1460-1529)' is a website created by Anniina Jokinen as part of the Luminarium English literature Web pages. This site offers links to a selection of: bibliographical; biographical; and critical works on John Skelton, scurrilous poet laureate of Henry the Eighth and rector of Diss. Perhaps the most useful feature of the site is the inclusion of an extensive number of Skelton's verses, including full transcriptions of: 'The Bowge of Courte'; 'Colin Clowte'; 'The Tunnyng of Elynour Rummyng'; and of his court satire, the play 'Magnyfycence'. The quality of linked critical articles and essays is variable. Luminarium is an independent bibliographical resource started by Anniina Jokinen in 1996 and provides critical references ranging from medieval to contemporary literature. The site is a useful introduction for students to Skelton and his works.
Based on John Updike's play Buchanan dying, which first appeared in 1974, this website aims to stimulate thinking concerning the process by which the idea of a play becomes the play itself. The Introduction provides background on Updike and on James Buchanan, fifteenth President of the United States and the subject of Updike's play. The site features a tour of the Updike materials relating to this work and a history of how they were acquired by Penn State University Libraries. There are numerous images of the relevant drafts and proofs, an assessment of published reviews of the work, a section on its appearance on stage, and an account of Updike's novel Memories of the Ford administration, in which the character of Buchanan reappears. There is the facility to view versions of the original material in parallel and a link to a listing of the Updike papers in the Special Collections Library, aiding the second aim of the project which is to encourage use of this and other special collections.
Johnstonia is the home page of Ian Johnston, formerly an instructor at Vancouver Island University in Canada. The website offers a substantial collection of primary texts, many of which were translated by Johnston, plus many of Johnston's own essays, lecture transcripts, book reviews, and other study materials. Most of the primary texts fall within the disciplines of classics and philosophy, including works by: Aristophanes; Homer; Nietzsche; Rousseau; and several others. The lectures and other material cover many of the same authors, plus a number of literary writers: T. S. Eliot, John Milton, and Tom Stoppard are among those included, and there is a section devoted to the study of Shakespeare. The site describes itself as 'designed to provide curricular material for various courses in literature and Liberal Studies'. The works are freely available for educational and other non-commercial uses.
Florida State University's website for Journal of Beckett Studies (JOBS) Books provides an archive of tables of contents for issues from the new series of the Journal from 1992 - 2006, and full-text articles of the old series (published in London 1976 - 1989) as well as information on the publishing strand of JOBS. Samuel Beckett (1906-1989) is best remembered as an absurdist playwright, author of 'Waiting for Godot' and 'Krapp's Last Tapes' amongst other works. The journal includes: essays; notes; interviews; and reviews of books and performances of Beckett's plays. The site links to Edinburgh University Press, which took over publication of the journal in 2008 (the journal is now administrated from the University of Western Sydney). Links are also provided to an assortment of other Samuel Beckett-related sites. Students and researchers would find this site of interest.
'The Journal of Interactive Drama' is a full-text academic ejournal. It is subtitled... "An Online Multi-Discipline Peer-Reviewed Journal of Scenario-Based Theatre-Style Interactive Drama Freeform Live Action Roleplaying Games", and is edited by Dr Scott Beattie of Victoria University in Australia. At January 2009 there are five issues online, as PDF files. Example article titles include: 'Speculative Realities: Embedding Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Themes in Interactive Drama'; and 'The Psychological Power of the Roleplaying Experience'; 'Interactive Drama As Theatre Form', among others. The website has details of the editor, Editorial Board, and submissions procedure. There is also a Yahoo Groups discussion forum, and a books list.
This website is dedicated to Kim Morrissey, a Canadian poet and playwright. Many of her works examine the role of women in nineteenth century culture, re-imagining the lives of historical figures. The website is run by the University of Toronto as part of the Canadian poetry website. The website contains a biography. Under ‘poems’ one can read six of the author’s poems. There is also a bibliography containing details of her published poetry. Under the section ‘other information’ one can view details of awards, a list of reviews, radio appearances, tours and readings, other related publications and links to other websites relating to Kim Morrissey.
"The Life and Times of Mr. William Shakespeare" is a class project. While the information is basic, as an introduction it is sufficient. The website contains two timelines: first, a timeline of Shakespeare's life including important events such as his marriage in 1582 to Anne Hathaway and the construction of the Globe Theatre in 1599. The second timeline is that of events in British history during his lifetime, such as the execution of Mary Queen of Scots in 1587, the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, the temporary closure of theatres due to the plague in 1592-1593, and the burning of the Globe in 1613. In the section on Other Shakespeare Sites, there are many other websites for further research, but the content of the Critical Reviews is sparse.
This website is dedicated to the life and works of British playwright Anthony Shaffer. Shaffer was the author of the stage and film versions of Sleuth and cult horror The Wicker Man among others. He also collaborated with Alfred Hitchcock on his film Frenzy, adapted three Poirot novels by Agatha Christie for the big screen and wrote screenplays for films. The website contains a biography of Shaffer which includes images and photographs and a chronology. Under ‘books’, ‘stage plays’ and ‘screenplays’ one can find details on Shaffer’s works including background information, synopses, cast lists, images and video clips. The ‘unproduced’ section contains details of various projects that Shaffer worked on or collaborated with which haven’t been produced so far.
The Lincoln Mystery Plays website is devoted to showcasing modern performances of mystery plays in Lincoln. The site gives a history of the plays, and information on current productions, as well as an archive of pictures from productions going back to 1978. The photographs of previous productions would be of interest to theatre historians and medievalists, as would be the current director's notes on editing the medieval N-Town Plays that form the basis for modern performances. The information presented here is of more use for those interested in performance and adaptation of medieval texts generally, rather than those looking for contextual history for civic performances in Lincoln particularly.
The online resource 'Literary and Dramatic Readings and Adaptations', provided by the Media Resources Center (MRC), University of California, Berkeley, is a database of films based on works of drama and literature. It is an impressive collection of titles that represent both English and World literature, including early adaptations from the beginning of the 20th century as well as the latest productions. The database can be searched, or browsed, by the title and author of the book. Browser results are sorted alphabetically, each entry providing information on the author's full name, title of the book, and the film if these two are different, the director, year of production, and a link to credits provided by the Internet Movie Database. This MRC resource also lists other related websites maintained by the Center, for instance, 'Poets and Poetry: Videos and Sound Recordings', 'Beat Generation Audio and Video Resources' or 'French History and Culture'. 'Literary and Dramatic Readings and Adaptations' database can be useful to students and researchers of film and literature, providing them with information on existing adaptations of given works of drama and literature, as well as to librarians in search of related bibliographic material.
This is a page of annotated links to resources relevant for the study of theatre and drama worldwide. It is one of a series of pages collecting together resources for English literature. The pages are prepared by Jack Lynch, Assistant Professor in the English Department of Rutgers University, Newark campus. The page includes links to other resources covering topics such as annotated guides, drama education, play index, drama (by country) and listings of current productions.
Literature collection is an online library of English literature, including full texts of more than 70 books and 600 short stories. Texts can be searched by author or title keyword, or browsed via lists of authors and titles. All the texts provided are in the public domain, but the publishers ask that texts not be duplicated or transmitted without their permission. Each work is divided into sections, according to the original chapters of the printed books, with links to each chapter clearly delineated. The website also gives short biographies of each author, which although not scholarly, provide a good basic introduction to authors including: Jane Austen; Lewis Carroll; Charles Dickens; Lord Byron; the Brothers Grimm; Jonathan Swift; and Virgina Woolf. The texts are provided without any notes or annotations, but are a useful resource as they are often the best known works of these authors, including titles such as: 'Alice in Wonderland'; Oliver Twist'; Gulliver's Travels'; and 'Pride and Prejudice'.
Literature Online (LION) is a fully searchable library of more than a third of a million works of poetry, prose and drama in English, plus full-text literary journals, biographies and key criticism and reference resources including the Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature. Content dates from the 7th century to the present day. The digital versions include annotations by the author, critical apparatus, and any images and illustrations of the print version being digitised. These have been encoded in SGML (recording structural information such as paragraph breaks, chapters and page numbering), although the texts are delivered as HTML Web pages. The electronic texts maintain spelling and orthographic idiosyncrasies. The databases can be cross-searched by author, title and keyword. Individual databases have other search functions. Access is via institutional subscription. Literature Online is available to UK HE/FE institutions under a national license agreement negotiated by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This description is based upon that provided by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
'London Literature Online' project is the work of two media charities: London Link Radio and Women's Radio Group. The aim of the project is to bring together: information; audio; and opportunities from London's literary scene, with particular focus on support for new writers and writing and recording for radio. The site provides details of writers' groups in the London area, as well as local festivals and events relating to writing and literature. There is also a section of related links (general rather than local resources) as well as links to local organisations and libraries. This resource would interest creative writers in the London area and beyond.
The 'London stage, 1660-1800' website hosts the draft text of the new version of the second part of this work, edited by Judith Milhous and Robert D. Hume of Penn State University. The original printed work was an authoritative multi-volume guide to the plays and theatre history of the Restoration and 18th-century in London, first published in the 1960s and 70s. The section of the new edition made available here covers the period between 1700 and 1729, although at the time of review only the first decade of the century had been fully described. The text is divided by annual theatre season, with a PDF document for each. The authors go into considerable detail, devoting around 60 pages to each season's events and productions. The chapters follow a standard structure: first, there is a general introduction to the fortunes of the various London playhouses during the year; secondly, there is a chronological listing of all performances staged, with information about actors and incidents. These are interspersed with details of publications or events that had an impact on the theatre world, such as pamphlets attacking the immorality of the stage. Each chapter ends with an index of plays, followed by a general index, ensuring that the text is suited for use as a reference work. The new edition of 'The London Stage' is a major undertaking, and the authors of the second part are to be applauded for making their preliminary texts available to the public before the publication of the final product.
This is the website of the London Theatre Database (LTDB), a fully searchable database of all theatre productions in London and also covering some productions in the UK. The LTDB was set up in 2007. One can view a what’s on guide on the homepage or use a calendar to find events taking place on a particular date. One can either search the directory or browse by category. Categories include: cast/crew; performance (play, musical, miscellaneous); theatre or type (new, adaptation, translation, return, revival, touring). Entries for performances include details of the location, dates, producer/s, writer/s, a cast list and a crew list.
This website describes an AHRC-funded collaborative project between Royal Holloway University of London and the British Library to improve (the currently limited) access to the Library's Lord Chamberlain’s Plays collection. The collection, created through the licensing of plays between 1737 and 1968 by the Lord Chamberlain’s office, suffers from the relative lack of interest in Victorian drama compared to other periods. The project aims to enhance descriptions of plays between 1852 to 1866, adding as much information as possible (such as first performance dates and theatre names) and making them searchable electronically through the British Library Catalogue. As well as a fuller description of the project, the website includes biographies of the project team.
The Manitoba author publication index was created by the Manitoba Writers' Guild to provide information about Manitoba writers and their books for the use of creative writers and students of Canadian literature. The site is divided into contemporary authors, historical authors and different genres including: Aboriginal writing; children's literature; illustrators; drama; fiction; French language; young adult literature; poetry; the spoken word; technical texts; and non-fiction. A profile is provided for each contemporary author which includes: a biography; comments from the writer on the craft of writing; advice to new writers; and an annotated bibliography of published works. Notable writers include: Di Brandt; Carol Shields; Dennis Cooley; Sandra Birdsell; and Patrick Friesen. Amongst the historical writers, biographies are provided for Grey Owl a.k.a. Archibald Stansfield Belaney, Margaret Laurence, Frederick Philip Grove and Marshall McLuhan. The site is comprehensive and updated regularly. It also provides links to The Manitoba Writers' Guild, The University of Manitoba Press and The Manitoba Arts Council.
The Master Mummers website provides information on the performance and history of traditional folk plays, often also called guisers' or mummers' plays. The site is the work of Peter Millington, the author of two other sites looking at folk plays, one of which (the Folk Play Research page) the Master Mummers site is designed to complement. This site provides a number of databases of folk-play related information, including: a directory of folk play groups; an updated electronic version of the 1967 book 'English Ritual Drama'; and a 'Folk Play Scripts Explorer' containing full and fragmentary texts (mainly from the 19th and 20th centuries) of over 200 of these short plays. All the databases are easily searchable, and provide a wealth of information concerning: types of folk play; plots; stock characters; geographical distribution of performances; and the revival of the tradition. The site also has an email list, and a FAQ relating to the performance of folk plays. This resource would be a very useful starting point for anyone considering staging a play, or those researching the history of British folk plays.
'The Castle Spectre' is a website that provides an online full-text of Matthew Lewis's five-act gothic melodrama of that title. First performed in 1797, The Castle Spectre is one of the best-known plays of its kind, featuring: special effects; a medieval castle; and a plot involving the supernatural. Matthew 'Monk' Lewis admits in his notes (included on the site), that the play includes some small plagiarisms of Walpole's 'The Castle of Otranto'. The site is divided into acts, as well as pages that provide notes on the text and the aforementioned playwright's notes. The site also includes a short bibliography of contemporary reviews and secondary criticism. Users of the site should note that the links to related sites have not been maintained. This resource should be of use to University students working on the text.
Medieval Drama Links is an online gateway of about 200 annotated links relating to the study of medieval drama. This gateway is the work of Sydney Higgins, formerly of the University of Camerino, and is an invaluable tool for university students and researchers in this field. The site encompasses links to a broad range of material, including: play texts; general bibliographies and articles; sites concerned with medieval costumes; information on medieval music and instruments; and reviews of modern stagings of medieval plays. The links are generally well maintained, and are helpfully divided into clear sections. The scope of the material, although heavily weighted towards English drama and history, also includes reference to European dramatic activity. The website is part of a larger, partially commercial site, called The Camerino Players, which provides information about the Italian theatre company that is run by Higgins.
The Medieval English Drama website links to texts of the 'The Castle of Perseverance' and the N-Town Plays, modernised by Professor Alexandra Johnston (emeritus, University of Toronto) and the late Stanley J Kahrl (Ohio State University). These texts were originally created for performance by the University of Toronto's resident medieval and Renaissance players (Poculi Ludique Societas). The modernisation of the plays from the original Middle English makes the texts more accessible to: undergraduate students; general readers; and modern performers alike, and are a useful introduction to medieval English drama. There are brief introductions, giving the history of the plays and of the modernisations themselves, and users can perform and copy the texts, providing that the content remains unchanged.
Medieval English Theatre (METh) is the website of the journal of that title. The journal has been published annually since 1979, and focuses on drama and theatre pre Shakespeare. Despite its title, the journal also publishes articles on European theatre and dramatic activity of the period, as well as reviews of modern performances of medieval plays. The site provides: information on the membership of the journal's editorial board; titles of articles and reviews previously published in the journal (available both as a cumulative index of all issues, or by volume/issue number); submission and subscription details; and information on METh's annual meeting, which is open to non-subscribers and postgraduate students interested in early drama. There is also a short section of related links, which is a work in progress. This site would be of interest to researchers and students studying early English or European drama or theatre history.
Medieval Imaginations is an online database created by the Faculty of English at the University of Cambridge, in conjunction with the University's Centre for Applied Research in Educational Technologies (CARET). The aim of the site is to cross-reference episodes from medieval mystery plays with depictions of the same Biblical episodes in the visual arts of the period. Users may choose a mystery play episode from a drop-down list that includes: 'Abraham and Isaac'; 'Apocalypse'; 'Harrowing of Hell'; 'Crucifixion and Death'; and 'Massacre of the Innocents' as well as other more general topics such as: 'Saints'; 'Borders and Margins'; and 'Gargoyles'. The images are taken from a number of sources, including: stained glass windows; illuminated manuscripts; early printed books; embroidery; and sculpture. The project is ongoing, and images continue to be added. Images can be viewed with or without a java applet that allows users to zoom into the picture, and are accompanied by a description. Users can perform a more advanced search by: keyword; episode; media; or date. The site also provides: a history of the project; help on how to use the database; a short introduction to medieval mystery plays and to each of the episodes; references; and suggested further reading. This resource would be of interest to those studying or teaching medieval literature (and more particularly drama) at University level, as well as anyone interested in medieval art.
Medievalists.net is a website offering news and resources relating to all aspects of medieval studies. The site is aimed at anyone interested in the medieval period, from academics to interested readers, to re-enactors and beyond. The site provides resources or links under different headings, including: news (stories in the media with medieval connections); books; videos; academia; fiction; movies; music; blogs; travel; and games. By far the largest and most varied of these is the 'articles' section, which provides a large database of interdisciplinary academic articles, each tagged by subject and keywords for easier browsing using the site's 'Subject Guide' (the site can also be searched in its entirety by keyword). Subjects covered include: archaeology; art history; literature (several languages); drama; demography; and economics. The database is a work in progress, with over 400 articles already at the time of writing, some available as PDF files and others as text. Videos of a number of academic lectures on various subjects are also available, as are links to book reviews and information on courses in medieval subjects worldwide. This is a varied and interesting resource, covering a wide scope of subject areas.
The Middle English Plays Web pages are part of the Luminarium Anthology of Middle English Literature website and offer a general introduction to medieval drama. In the Introduction, Kathleen Campbell discusses: early medieval drama, Mystery cycles and their staging; and why the productions died out in the mid-sixteenth century. There are links to two complete play texts: the Wakefield Cycle from the Electronic Text Centre at the University of Virginia; and the York Cycle at the University of Michigan. There are also links to additional resources, including: general essays on medieval drama; a series of bibliographies from courses at universities in the US; a number of relevant websites; and a series of extracts from 'The Cambridge History of English and American Literature' on the origins of early English drama. The website mainly presents links to sites relating to medieval drama rather than offering original research, but it is a helpful starting point for students interested in the subject, and a useful teaching resource.
Basia Siedlecki's online edition of 'A Midsummer Night's Dream' consists of the text of Shakespeare's comedy with: a hyperlinked glossary; a page explaining the play's mythological references; and a short bibliography. The glossary provides brief explanations of archaic terms and references that might not be immediately clear to modern readers, making this a useful text for younger students not yet familiar with Shakespearean diction or Elizabethan culture. The 'Mythology in A Midsummer Night's Dream' page acts as an additional glossary, explaining the references to gods, classical legends, and British folk traditions in the play. It should be noted that the bibliography is somewhat brief, and the text lacks editorial information. However, this would make a good introduction to the text for students of English literature.
The Modern British Literature Index is part of the San Antonio College British Literature Index and provides an overview of the principal poets, novelists, essayists and short story writers of the Modern period, from Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) to Ted Hughes (1930-1998). The website acts as a gateway, providing general links (to two substantial resources: Twentieth Century British and Irish Resources which is part of the Literary Resources collection maintained by Jack Lynch, and the Modern British and American Literature pages from the Voice of the Shuttle) and links relating to individual authors. Over twenty-five writers are listed including: G. K. Chesterton; George Orwell; Virginia Woolf; James Joyce; and Samuel Beckett. Each writer's section details their major works, online texts, and brief bibliographies. The site is more useful as an overview of the major writers as a group rather than providing critical material on their individual work.
Mr. William Shakespeare and the Internet is a large, online annotated gateway to Shakespearean resources and more general sites about English Renaissance culture. The site is divided into sections covering: Shakespeare's works; Shakespeare's life; Elizabethan and Jacobean theatre; criticism; sources; educational materials (such as lesson plans and lectures); and miscellaneous other links. The selected sites are reasonably scholarly, and the annotations are generally helpful. The website also aims to present Shakespeare material unavailable elsewhere on the Internet, including: a Shakespeare timeline giving the key events of Shakespeare's life and work along with documentary evidence; a Shakespeare genealogy, showing the relevant family relationships with dates; the Shakespeare canon; Rowe's 'Some account of the life &c. of Mr William Shakespear' prefaced to the 1709 edition of the works; Charles and Mary Lamb's 'Tales from Shakespeare'; and prefatory material from the first folio. This resource should provide a useful starting point for students looking for online resources on Shakespeare, Elizabethan drama, or the Renaissance in general.
The Medieval and Renaissance Drama Society (MRDS) website provides information for scholars and others interested in medieval and Renaissance Drama who would like to join this academic association or contribute to its work. The Society organises annual meetings, and sponsors research projects, as well as publishing related material in the journal 'Research Opportunities in Medieval and Renaissance Drama' and in a twice-yearly newsletter. Full texts of the newsletter (giving details of: relevant news; announcements; and events) from 2003 onwards are available online. Also available on the site are: the Society's constitution; details on how to become a member; current award entry information; and details of past award winners.
This site is devoted to Neil M. Gunn (1891-1973), a Scottish novelist and playwright well known among specialists in twentieth-century Scottish writing but little outside. It is a comprehensive, professional compilation of recordings, criticism and bibliography which serves as a substantial introduction to those unfamiliar with Gunn's work, but it will also interest the specialist. The front page contains a long list of links to: a searchable bibliography; a searchable database of criticism and reviews; a chronology of the writer's life and career; a list of his major works and criticism; some recordings in RealPlayer format of Gunn reading his work; the full-text (in Acrobat PDF format) of an article from the journal Studies in Scottish Literature entitled Choosing a play: a critical survey of Neil M. Gunn's drama; a list of translations of Gunn's work; information about the Peglet Press, which is dedicated to publishing books about Gunn's work; information about Caithness and Sutherland, where Gunn lived and wrote; and links to online bookshops which stock editions of Gunn's work. The site functions well, and the recordings of Gunn are easy to listen to, provided the user's computer has the right software (which can be downloaded free). The site has been set up by the Neil M. Gunn Society, whose (unnamed) members put together the information. The range of information provided here is an exemplary illustration of what can be done with authors' websites, and the site will interest a wide range of users.
This is the website for the Noël Coward Society, an association founded to promote the life and works of Noël Coward. The website contains the latest news about events in the UK and America. The section ‘who is Noël Coward?’ contains biographical information on the playwright/actor, as well as a short bibliography of biographical books. At the bottom of the page one can click on several links to view a chronology of his life and works, a list of his plays and musicals, a bibliography, a list of biographies, a link to the Noel Coward music index and audio and video broadcasts. The Society Archive section contains further pages of information about Noël Coward, his contemporaries and his work. One can become a member of the Society to receive the newsletter.
This is the website of Open Source Shakespeare (OSS), a free resource containing Shakespeare’s works. This website is aimed at academics and students. OSS includes the 1864 Globe Edition of the complete works. One can search the texts by keyword (there is an advance search facility too), find characters by entering a name or the first part of a name, look up statistics, read the text of the plays, look up words in the concordance and search poetry. This website started as a project for an M.A thesis. One can read the paper describing OSS’s construction as well as a history and analysis of the Globe Edition’s texts.
The Oscar Wilde Collection is an online collection of Wilde's major works, supplied in PDF and e-text formats. At this website you can read and download Wilde's stories for children: "The Happy Prince and Other Tales" (1888); and "A House of Pomegranates" (1889), as well as: "The Portrait of Mr Witt"; and "Lord Arthur Savile's Crime and Other Stories". Wilde's poetry is represented by: "Poems in Prose"; and "The Ballad of Reading Gaol". Most of Wilde's plays are also included on this site. The only major work that appears to be missing is "The Picture of Dorian Gray". This resource would be useful to students or researchers wanting easy access to Wilde's works.
The Oscholars is a website that hosts a number of ejournals and websites devoted to figures from fin-de-siècle art and literature, including: 'The Oscholars' (Oscar Wilde); 'Rue des beax Arts' (French sister site about Oscar Wilde); 'Nocturne' (James Whistler); 'Shavings' (George Bernard Shaw); 'The Sibyl' (Vernon Lee); and 'Moorings' (George Moore). These journals and sites are related to, or grew out of the original incarnation of 'The Oscholars', a monthly ejournal devoted to current research and information of scholarly interest generally concerning Oscar Wilde and his circle. The Oscholars journal ran from 2001 to 2003, was suspended, and then relaunched again in 2006. All back issues of the Oscholars journal are archived, as well as the new issues. The generally simple layout of the site makes navigation easy. The scope of the site is International in range, and would be of interest to scholars and indeed anyone interested in Wilde and his contemporaries.
'The Oxford Companion to English Literature', is a full text reference source, offered online by eNotes. The version offered appears to be the full version of the 6th Edition edited by Margaret Drabble, dating from 2000 and containing over 8,300 entries presented in a simple A-Z manner. It can also be searched by keyword. The Companion offers short author biographies, summaries of stories, novels and poems, and outline descriptions of various movements and genres in literature. No user registration appears to be required to use this resource, but only part of entries is available free. For full access to the content of the Companion a monthly or annual fee is required; access is in plain HTML format.
Jim Manis' online collection of 'original work published in hard copy by Pennsylvania State University and classical works of literature in English' provides access to a mixture of resources of interest to students of English, and the general public looking for an interesting read. As the range of works on the website is vast, there will certainly be something of interest for any English Studies scholar. Among the selection of literary classics are: Shakespeare (there are links to his tragedies, comedies, sonnets and romances), Dante ('The Divine Comedy' translated by Reverend H.F. Cary which includes all Cary's notes), Charlotte, Emily and Anne Bronte (a selection of the sisters' works such as 'Agnes Grey', 'Wuthering Heights' and 'Jane Eyre'), Kate Chopin (there are links to 'The Awakening' and selected short stories), and many more classical writings. There are also links to more contemporary writers like Virginia Woolf, Bram Stoker ('Dracula') and Somerset Maugham. At the bottom of the page there are even more links leading to 'Bibliomania', an external website with more than 2000 free literary texts, as well as to the websites 'The Voice of the Shuttle' and 'Project Gutenberg'. This online resource provides lots of information, and its array of texts is vast. All texts are downloadable in the PDF format, which means that the users must have Adobe Acrobat to be able to read these files.
The Perseus Project is a large digital library of online texts and images for the study of ancient Greece and Rome. The resources available via Perseus are extensive, including the following: primary texts (in the original ancient Greek and Latin languages as well as English translation); secondary texts relating to various aspects of the ancient world; a set of linguistic tools; and a number of large databases relating to the study of ancient archaeological sites and artefacts. The art and archaeology section of the website offers a searchable collection of art objects, sites and buildings, with descriptions and images drawn from museums worldwide. It includes architecture, sculpture, coins and vases, and provides access to supporting tools such as atlases and encyclopaedias. The study of the classical world via Perseus is further enhanced by: an interactive atlas; an extensive encyclopaedia with embedded cross-references; and a series of overview articles. The site also offers several further collections of primary and secondary texts: papyri (from the Ptolematic and Roman periods); English Renaissance texts (including all of Marlowe's works, a facsimile of the First Folio of Shakespeare's plays and other resources); London (atlas from 1780 to the present, texts about London, photographs and other materials); books on California and the Upper Midwest from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection; and documents on the history of Tufts University. Mirror sites are available in Berlin and Chicago.
The Perseus collection of Renaissance materials is part of the Perseus Digital Library at Tufts University. The collection makes freely available online primary and secondary materials relating to the early modern period in England (the English Renaissance). There are also selected secondary materials from the 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the texts available are: the complete works of Christopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare; 'The New Atlantis' by Francis Bacon; Holinshed's history of England; and 'The Political Works of James I' edited by Charles Howard McIlwain. All texts are fully searchable. Students of history and English would find this resource highly useful.
The online project 'Peter Schaffer's play Amadeus and its film adaptation by Milos Forman' is the result of a diploma thesis about Peter Schaffer's play 'Amadeus', and, in particular, Milos Forman's film adaptation. Schaffer's drama deals with the envy and jealousy of composer Antonio Salieri when faced with prodigious talent of the young Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.The website offers: summaries of the plot; critical discussions of various aspects and themes of the play; observations on the film adaptation technique; and a bibliography and technical information. The writing is clear and direct, and the content well structured. The project offers a good introduction to Amadeus, and is likely to be appreciated by undergraduates studying Schaffer's plays or film adaptations more generally.
The Philological museum is a library of online humanistic texts published by the Shakespeare Institute at the University of Birmingham. Its sizeable collection of letters, plays, poems and essays are principally written by British humanists in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Authors include Sir Francis Bacon, George Buchanan, William Camden, Sir Francis Kynaston and John Milton, among others. The hypertext editions used are prepared specifically for the online library by Professor Dana Sutton of the University of California. In addition to this excellent collection, the site contains a bibliography of neo-Latin texts publically available on the web with hyperlinks. There is a search engine for the entire site.
Places to Go, People to Be (PTGPTB) is a full-text online fan magazine for fans and designers of role-playing games. The contents consist of much that is of only fannish and game-designer interest, but there are also long and deeply informed articles on: 'The History of Role-Playing' (in nine parts); 'Law and Enforcement in Imaginary Realms'; and 'Gaming in Japan' (three parts, based on a field trip), and as such PTGPTB is a welcome addition to the sparse scholarly literature on role-playing games that has been written by players. At June 2009 the website has issues from 1998-2008, and articles are HTML form. There is an associated online Forum, and a French edition.
The Plays of Thomas Middleton (1580-1627) is a specialist site providing online texts of the plays of Middleton and those on which he collaborated with other writers. There are also editions of plays which have been attributed to Middleton, but whose authorship is doubtful. Commentaries on key phrases and glossaries are provided through hypertext links.The site has a useful picture gallery of sixteenth and seventeenth century dramatists, including Ben Jonson. There are also many images of title pages of original editions of Middleton's plays. The site provides some links to secondary sources for Middleton studies, but these are rather limited. Its main function is as a textual source. The site has won numerous awards including the Literary Research Award.
This website is dedicated to the plays of William Shakespeare. The website is run by the Electronic Literature Foundation (ELF). The mission of ELF is to produce free advanced electronic texts for the benefit of researchers. Each play can be read and has its own search engine, concordance, quotes, and other information. Plays can be browsed by categories such as: tragedies; comedies; histories and sonnets. There is also a character guide. One can search the characters by keyword, list them by play or browse them alphabetically. There is a glossary and a chronology.
Poculi Ludique Societas (PLS) is the website of a group that specialises in the sponsorship and performance of early drama (from the period 1100-1650). The group is affiliated with the University of Toronto's Centre for Medieval Studies, and also collaborates in research on early drama with the Records of Early English Drama project. The website provides an introduction and brief history of the PLS, as well as details of: Board members; contact details; current performances; and the current season of plays. Of particular interest to drama historians and those interested in recreation is the gallery of photographs from PLS performances, including: 'The Castle of Perseverance'; N-Town; York Plays; and plays from the Chester cycle. Also of use to students of this subject are the related links section, and the PLS newsletter.
The Poetry of Henry Reed' is a website devoted to the work of English writer Henry Reed (1914-1986). Reed's most famous work is probably the World War II poem 'Naming of Parts'. He is also well known in Britain for his BBC radio plays, which include 'The Private Life of Hilda Tablet', and 'The Streets of Pompeii'. The site provides a great deal of information about Reed, including: details of Reed biographies; bibliographies; the texts of Reed's poems and some of his poetic translations (but not the plays); several pieces of secondary criticism; and links to related external resources. There is also a gallery of photos of the author, as well as some audio recordings of his works. The site also provides links to amusing parodies of Reed's poetry. Students and researchers would find this a useful start to their studies on Reed.
The York Corpus Christi Pageant Simulator (PSim) is a Java applet that is designed to illustrate how it would have been possible for 48 separate medieval pageants (short plays) that make up the York Cycle to have been performed in one single day. The applet uses a modified version of John Speed's 17th-century map of Yorkshire, upon which a number of known playing places or 'stations' in York are marked. The application then simulates the movement of the pageant wagons as they play at one station after another, until all the performances have been completed at all stations. The simulator can be modified to show: varying play timings; numbers of stations; and numbers of pageants, according to known academic theories on the mechanics of medieval performances in York. The website also provides some notes on the staging, context and history of the play, as well as news items related to the study of medieval drama. The applet is slow to load in some browsers, but this would be a useful tool for teaching medieval drama to undergraduate students, in tandem with study of the play texts and related historical records.
The Rakes and Libertines website was produced to accompany an undergraduate course at the University of Southampton run by Stephen Bending. The course surveys English literature from the publication of William Wycherley's 'The Country Wife' to Lord Byron's 'Don Juan', focussing on the figure of the rake or libertine. The site provides: general background information; suggested reading; and issues to consider when studying particular texts. The course covers: Restoration comedy (William Wycherley, George Etherege, Thomas Shadwell, and Aphra Behn); the novelists Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson, Ann Radcliffe, Matthew Lewis, and Jane Austen; and the poetry of Lord Byron and the libertine archetype John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester. The philosophy of Thomas Hobbes is referenced to give a sense of intellectual context. The site also provides: essay questions; links (some broken at the time of writing); and a bibliography of secondary texts. The presentation of the site is slightly marred by the background picture from the Rake's Progress, which is a little too vivid and distracts from the text.
The website for the Records of Early English Drama (REED) project gives details of this scholarly project, which forms the core of the Centre for Research in Early English Drama at the University of Toronto. REED is an international project for the study of: drama; music; and other forms of entertainment and ceremony in England from the Middle Ages until the closure of the London theatres by Puritans in 1642. The project includes documentation of the plays of William Shakespeare and his contemporaries. The REED project was founded in 1975 to identify and document historical manuscript evidence relating to the performance of early English drama. Details of the project's publications are available online, although it is not possible to access the records themselves on the web. Modernized performance texts of a limited selection of the plays documented by REED are available online, including the York Plays. The site also provides links to a range of Internet resources relating to the study of Early drama. This site would interest those studying or researching medieval and Renaissance drama, especially the performance element.
'Representations of Antarctica' is the online result of a research grant from the University of Tasmania, and it offers a free bibliography of items that feature the substantial depiction of the continent of Antarctica. The website is easy to navigate, and contains every known item of fiction from 1750 to the present day. Also covered are poetry, drama, fictional film and TV. However, comics, graphic novels, animations and BBC radio plays appear to have been excluded from the bibliographies. There is also a bibliography of the literary criticism on the subject. Some of the bibliography entries are annotated. This will be a useful starting points for those researching the representation of Antarctica in fiction.
The Research Opportunities in Medieval and Renaissance Drama (ROMARD) website provides information on the journal of the same name. The journal, published annually, is concerned with research into medieval and pre-Shakespearian Renaissance textual and theatre history. Content is often weighted towards (but not limited to) English texts and their performance. The site gives details on how to subscribe, as well as tables of contents for ROMARD (from 2002 onwards) and the journal's previous incarnation, 'Research Opportunities in Renaissance Drama (RORD) (1994 - 2001). Scholars in this field will also find submission details and a link to the Medieval and Renaissance Drama Society, whose members regularly contribute to the journal. It should be noted that this site does not display correctly in some Web browsers.
The Restoration Comedy Project is a significant undertaking to catalogue all English comedies of the Restoration period (1660 until 1718). The database will include plot summaries as well as standard bibliographic information, cast lists, descriptions of prologues and epilogues, and information about allusions to contemporary events. The project does not encompass the online publication of the full-texts of the plays, although where full-texts have been made available elsewhere on the Internet a link is provided. The project team are, however, engaged in editing print editions of some otherwise hard-to-find plays of the period. The plays may be listed by author name or by date of premier. The initial long table of plays gives dates of performance and publication, author, title, and the playhouse at which each was staged. Those plays that have been fully described by the project have an icon associated with them. Clicking on this takes the user to a PDF document, usually three to five printed pages in length, containing the more detailed bibliographical information and a plot summary. A list of links to related websites is included. Although still very much work in progress as of 2005, this site shows a lot of promise, and should become a significant resource for those studying English drama and the history of comedy.
Richard Brome Online is a free online edition of the plays of Richard Brome, the 17th English century playwright. Edited by academic staff from Royal Holloway, University of London, Oxford Brookes University, Keele University, the University of Nottingham and Sheffield Hallam University amongst others, it was funded by the the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), and hriOnline (University of Sheffield) was responsible for creating and implementing the electronic format. The website includes modernised texts, a bibliography, glossary, essays, and video clips of actors workshopping key moments. This is a key resource for those studying English drama of the Caroline era.
This is the website for the Richard Brome Project. Currently, this website acts as an introduction to the project, its remit and aims and objectives. The project will be an online edition of the collected works of Caroline dramatist Richard Brome. The website is published by Royal Holloway (University of London) and the project is funded by the AHRC. The aim of the project is to combine dramatic textual scholarship with theatre practice. At the moment, the website contains details about the project, a biography on Richard Brome, a list of scholars involved with the project and a list of Brome’s plays. Once finished, this resource will be of relevance to English literature scholars as well as drama and theatre studies.
This is the website of African-American playwright Robert Earl Sawyer (1923-1994). The website was created by his son, photographer Errol Sawyer. Robert Earl Sawyer starred, produced and directed his own plays, as well as plays written by other people. The website contains a biography of the playwright and includes images, information on his family, background, career and education. Under ‘work and press’ one can read a poem by the author entitled Money, as well as details, synopses and dates of short stories, theatre plays, screen plays, television plays and press articles.
This website describes the University of Plymouth’s Ronald Duncan collection, as well as the activities of the independent Ronald Duncan Literary Foundation. Duncan was a playwright and poet, and an acquaintance of many significant people in his life, including Ezra Pound, T. S. Eliot, Gandhi, Gerald Brenan and Benjamin Britten. He co-founded the English Stage Company at Royal Court Theatre, in London, and wrote a number of screenplays, librettos, plays, novels and autobiographies. A more detailed biography, archive photos and an annotated bibliography forms part of this website, alongside a description of the archive material held at the university. The collection holds over 1700 items, making it an invaluable resource both for scholars of Duncan, but also of literary culture between the 1930s and 1980s. The Ronald Duncan Literary Foundation is a grant awarding trust, which supports innumerable artistic and literary projects and festivals.
'Sacred Dramas' by Hannah More, is a free online facsimile of this book, hosted by the University of Parma. Hannah More was a prominent member of the late 18th-century Bluestocking circle, and a notable poet and dramatist. Her 'Sacred Dramas' were first published in 1782, and were 'chiefly intended for young persons'. The facsimile provided here is from the 23rd edition, published in 1825, and is viewed as a series of PDF files. The text consists of five individual dramatic episodes: 'Moses in the Bulrushes'; 'David and Goliath'; 'Belshazzar'; 'Daniel'; and the 'Reflections of King Hezekiah in His Sickness'. Preliminary materials include an advertisement and More's verse introduction. Although not flagged on the main menu, the final section of the book (King Hezekiah) also contains More's verse epistle on Sensibility. The site also hosts a short bibliography of Hannah More's primary publications. This resource would appeal to those researching 18th-century English literature or drama. Users should note that the text is not searchable.
The Salome website, which forms part of the University of Virginia Library's Electronic Text Center, is dedicated to the eponymous play by Oscar Wilde. It features both the 1893 French version (titled 'Salomé, Drame en un Acte') and the 1894 English translation (published as 'Salome, A Tragedy in One Act'), and offers a number of extremely useful features such as the ability to view the two versions side by side (using frames) and the ability to search for a word or phrase in either of the versions or in both of them at the same time. It also allows the researcher to browse all electronic versions of works by Oscar Wilde held in the Modern English Collection at the University of Virginia.The primary texts of 'Salome' are accompanied by a biography of Oscar Wilde and a brief bibliography, as well as a list of Wilde's major works and a short presentation of the genesis and production history of the play.
The Samuel Beckett On-Line Resources and Links Pages is a gateway to online resources related to the Irish dramatist, poet and playright, Samuel Beckett (1906-1989). Beckett's works included Waiting for Godot, Endgame, Molloy and The Unnameable. The site features links to reviews of productions of Beckett's plays, critical and biographical works, obituaries, other Beckett sites, online texts, festivals, radio plays and film productions of his works. This is an extensive and comprehensive gateway to online Beckett resources.
The Samuel Beckett Society's website (also known as The Samuel Beckett Endpage) is devoted to the life and work of the Anglo-Irish writer (1906-1989). The website is attractively designed with news of productions and events, images relating to Beckett and his life, and provocative quotations from his works. It offers biographical material, access to online texts, and performance-related archives. Images include photographs of Beckett's houses and other locations from his childhood in Ireland and adult life in France. There is a photograph of the first production of 'En attendant Godot' (Waiting for Godot), 1953. The society produces a journal 'The Beckett Circle' twice a year. This is archived on the site and can be downloaded free of charge. An index is provided to the contents of the journal 'Samuel Beckett Today/Aujourd'hui'. This resource was originally developed at the University of California at Santa Barbara, but is now hosted by the University of Antwerp.
The Furness Shakespeare Library has made available over the Internet rare and often first editions of Elizabethan documents contemporaneous with Shakespeare, as well as Shakespeare's own works. By scanning the images of these texts, the library hopes to inspire interest and learning by providing access to originals that most students would never have the opportunity to see otherwise. The website may be browsed by author or text and also has a separate search engine. While some texts are complete, others contain title pages or illustrations, or the author's comments. Under the ERIC header (English Renaissance in Context) there are tutorials designed to assist teachers. The tutorials do not supply answers like study guides, but rather pose important questions about the text and bring up issues to be discussed in class. There are tutorials on "Romeo and Juliet", "Merchant of Venice", "Richard III", "King Lear", and topics about Renaissance publishing and printing. The site makes full use of Internet technology and provides an excellent example of an innovative and well-implemented web project.
The Scottish Theatre Archive, founded in 1981, forms part of the Special Collections Department of the University of Glasgow library. The website describes the role of the archive - "to help preserve and promote interest in Scotland's theatrical heritage" and provides an introduction to the collection, as well as details of catalogues and finding aids. There is an overview of holdings which cover: companies and festivals; artists (including Sir Harry Lauder in the FAQ section); theatre programmes; scripts; and design collections. The catalogue of the Scottish Theatre Archive is available to search online, containing over 19,000 descriptions of documents at item level. Items can be searched by: event; name (individual or corporate); or collection. Additional information offered by the site includes a guide to material from the collection which supports the Twentieth-century Scottish Theatre Junior Honours course (Department of Theatre, Film & Television Studies, University of Glasgow) and a number of related links to external sites. Students of theatre history and English would find this resource of interest.
The Scribbling Women site is an online resource for teaching American women's literature which is maintained by the Public Media Foundation. It provides access to a collection of audio dramatisations of plays and stories by leading American women writers of the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries. They include works by Rebecca Harding Davis; Louisa May Alcott; Mary E. Wilkins Freeman; Willa Cather; Charlotte Perkins Giman; Harriet Jacobs; Caroline Kiekland and Susan Glaspell. Also accessible are a wealth of associated teaching materials. They include biographies of the authors; summaries of their historical and literary contexts; suggestions for futher reading and lesson plans. Newsletters of forthcoming additions to the site are also available.
'ScriptCircle' is a website for writers and performers of one-act and full-length plays. It is a useful resource for playwrights looking to showcase material for possible sale and performance. The aim of the site is to offer a user-friendly environment for writers to develop and sell new scripts and an easy starting point for companies looking for new material to perform. While the site takes a commission on download and on performance licence sales made through the site, there is no fee to register or publish material. The site does not own the material and all copyrights remain with the author. There are fully searchable catalogues of full-length and one-act plays, by authors such as Sally Beaumont, Akuo Ehoh, Robert Spencer, Stuart Lee, Gillian Plowman and Thom Wood. The site also offers full information on how to obtain free registration to upload plays onto the site and once registered members can publish their work, join in discussion forums, sign up for an optional newsletter and purchase performance licences. This site is very simple to navigate, clearly explained and well-presented. It offers an unusual and innovative means whereby playwrights and performers can work together to promote new work.
'Shakespeare - A Magazine for Teachers and Enthusiasts', is an online resource that was produced to accompany the print magazine, 'Shakespeare'. The magazine ceased publication in 2003, but the website still hosts some of the articles from its print counterpart, including: reviews; teacher activities; and creative responses to Shakespeare plays. The 'News on the Rialto' section constitutes a weblog (or 'blog') by Michael LoMonico, describing his encounters with various Shakespeare-related projects and events. The 'teacher resources' section provides ideas for classroom activities and novel approaches to studying Shakespeare adaptations and texts. The 'Archives' give abstracts of articles from all issues of the print magazine, some of which are available in full-text format online. There is also a bookstore and a feedback form. This is a well-presented site that should be useful for teachers at secondary-school level, or more broadly for those with an interest in Shakespeare studies.
This is the website for a course run by Rich Erlich on Shakespeare and film, and hosted by Miami University. The website contains general information about the course but the relevant information for drama students is the information on specific plays. Each play entry contains a script, a synopsis of the plot and film and play study guides. Plays covered include: ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’, ‘Romeo and Juliet’, ‘Henry IV’, ‘Henry V’ ‘Hamlet’, ‘Richard III’ and ‘MacBeth’. There is also a biography on Shakespeare, under ‘reference’ there is a glossary of terms used for theatre, TV and film and a chronology for Shakespeare’s history. There is a section on links.
'Shakespeare and His Critics' is a website that offers a series of: historical essays; bibliographies; presentations; poems; and sonnets relating to Shakespeare, which have been transcribed and edited, and occasionally written by Thomas Larque, a student at the University of Kent, Canterbury. The documents include: an essay written by 19th century actress, Helena Faucit on Ophelia; an Ophelia bibliography by Larque; an essay about 'Hamlet' by William Hazlitt, first published in 1817; two short pieces on 'Hamlet' by Samuel Taylor Coleridge; William Richardson's essay 'On Shakespeare's imitation of female characters' first published in 1788; and Samuel Daniel's 'Delia' and 'The complaint of Rosamund' - a series of sonnets and a narrative poem that are said to have influenced Shakespeare's writing, especially his sonnets. The site is simply designed, with the resources listed on the front page under themed headings. This site would be of interest to students of English literature or theatre history.
The Shakespeare Authorship Page puts forward the case that the works of William Shakespeare were in fact written by William Shakespeare of Stratford-upon-Avon, and not Edward DeVere, Earl of Oxford, or one of the other frequently-proposed candidates. The page consists of summaries of some of the Oxfordian arguments concerning the attribution of Shakespeare's works, with links to refutations, mostly written by the site's authors. An extensive list of links to other Web pages discussing the 'authorship question' is placed at the foot of the page. The arguments presented on the site are sensible and generally strong, being well illustrated by textual comparisons with Shakespeare's contemporaries. The tone can at times seem a little intemperate, and some of the Oxfordian links seem to have been included primarily to demonstrate the illiteracy of their authors, but such is the nature of the controversy. Anyone interested in the 'authorship question' would be well advised to consider the evidence presented here.
'Shakespeare Authorship Sourcebook' is a website devoted to the enduring debate over the authorship of Shakespeare's plays. Mark Alexander, the editor of the site, is an 'Oxfordian', believing that Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford, was the hand behind the works of Shakespeare. One of the most useful features of the site is the fairly extensive collection of electronic texts from the 16th and 17th centuries, including fiction, drama, and verse. The site also features: articles related to the Oxfordian debate; chronologies of the lives of Oxford and Shakespeare; a links page; a page devoted to the writings of prominent Oxfordians and a page on Shakespeare and the law. This site is well laid out and straightforward to use, and would be of interest to literature researchers interested in the Elizabethan era and the history of the book, as well as in the debates on authorship of Shakespeare's works.
This website describes the Shakespeare Database CD-ROM, as developed by the Westfälische Wilhelms Universität in Münster, Germany. The site does not provide access to the database itself, although it does imply that this may become a feature in the future. What the site does provide is a bibliography, of works relating to issues surrounding the development of the database, and of works that have benefited from its use. These are mostly about Shakespeare's writings, although some are more concerned with early modern English linguistics, and some on editing Shakespeare. The site also provides a few links to partner sites. A fairly comprehensive explanation of the database gives the user a good idea of its features and potential applications.
This Web page offers a brief introduction to AHRC-funded research into the collections of Shakspearean and early modern drama in the National Library of Scotland, reflecting on the individual collections and the activities and interests of the original collectors of this material, and shedding light on both the significance of the holdings and the process by which England's national poet became canonised, in part, by Scottish collectors.
Shakespeare in Europe is a project based at the University of Basel attempting to explore the influence of William Shakespeare throughout Europe and examining the contacts between European cultures. The project seeks to address the question, 'is there a European culture that goes beyond the common roots (re-constructed in the Renaissance) of Greek and Roman antiquity?'. The website contains links to various sites that might be of use in studying Shakespeare in the context of comparative literature and cultural studies. There are links to: Shakespeare's poetry and plays in various European languages; historical information about aspects of life in Renaissance England; literary criticism of Shakespeare, both historical and contemporary; popular adaptations; academic associations; and sites about teaching Shakespeare. There are also some secondary essays written specifically for the project, and a section on recent conferences.
This is the website of the Shakespeare Institute, located in Stratford-upon-Avon, a postgraduate study centre of the University of Birmingham. The website offers information about the postgraduate courses and research opportunities at the Institute, including the MA/Postgraduate Diploma in Shakespeare and Theatre, MA in Shakespeare and Stratford-upon-Avon and the Cultural History of Renaissance England, and MA in Shakespeare Studies. There are also details about Academic staff at the Institute and information about ongoing staff and students research projects, including a section dedicated to a project entitled Clothing, Culture and Identity in Early Modern England. The site also provides details of conferences, seminars and other events.
The 'Shakespeare Navigators at clicknotes.com' website provides a number of free, online annotated editions of Shakespeare's plays. The site is the work of Philip Weller, of Eastern Washington University and is divided into sections for each play, with the annotated works including: Hamlet; A Midsummer Night's Dream; Twelfth Night; and Henry IV part I. The amount of information provided varies from play to play, with Hamlet, Othello and Romeo and Juliet being among the more comprehensive. The section on Hamlet includes: scene and character summaries; links to scenes illustrating Hamlet's character; and links to scenes illustrating the main themes of the play. The site also provides the complete text of A. C. Bradley's book 'Shakespearian Tragedy'. This resource would be of use to students as an introduction to the plays and as a springboard for further research.
This website contains a sample chapter of the Cambridge University Press book 'Shakespeare on Masculinity' by Professor Robin Headlam-Wells (Roehampton University). The chapter published online is called 'The Chivalric Revival: Henry V and Troilus and Cressida'. It is available in PDF format and can be browsed free of charge. The contents section of the book is also available. Headlam-Wells is particularly strong on the historical context of Shakespeare's representation of masculinity. However, he also provides valuable interpretations of the intellectual background of Shakespeare's art, as well as taking on influential recent theorists such as Stephen Greenblatt.
The Shakespeare Online website, developed by Amanda Mabillard, contains an extensive range of material for the study of Shakespeare, of use up to undergraduate level. Most of the plays and poems are available online, though unfortunately no information is given about the edition on which they are based. The site includes essays and study guides for a selection of plays, including: Hamlet; Macbeth; Othello; and Romeo and Juliet. Other sections include: short articles outlining possible sources for Shakespeare's plays; a biography of Shakespeare; an essay on Shakespeare's theatres; a Shakespeare FAQ; an outline of the plot of each of the plays; and a collection of timelines of Shakespeare's life and plays. Referenced articles within the site address a diverse range of topics, from 'Pronouncing Shakespearean Names', to 'Shakespeare's Trap Doors', and include features on the life of Elizabethan actors and close analysis of key characters from Shakespeare's plays. The site is regularly updated and includes weekly topics and daily questions.
The Shakespeare Resource Center is a comprehensive source of information on the life and works of William Shakespeare. The site provides original material as well as annotated links to Shakespeare-related resources elsewhere on the Web. The information and links are divided into sections: bibliographic information about the Bard; a historical look at Elizabethan England; an overview of the four major periods of Shakespeare's works; synopses of his plays; an overview of the authorship debate that has been going since the 1700s; Shakespeare's language; and other links. The site is clearly organised and offers rich and varied information. The resource will be of use both to the student and the general reader, providing a very good overview of Shakespeare's life and work, as well as a starting point for further research.
This is the website of the Shakespeare Revue, a non-profit online magazine which looks at historical productions of Shakespeare’s plays and modern and current performances. Established in 1996, the Shakespeare Revue's mission is to view, review and allow readers to compare performances from all over the globe, from large theatre houses to the productions at the local pub. The website contains news and reviews on performances. They can be browsed by date or country. There are also details and synopses on Shakespeare’s plays, a features section which includes interviews with actors and directors regarding Shakespeare-related works, reviews presented on video and articles about other theatre-related items. There are also actor profiles, a photo gallery and a links page.
Shakespeare Searched is a search tool for quickly searching the complete works of Shakespeare by keyword or phrase. It makes use of the services of the Shakespeare Folger Library. The interface is uncomplicated and contains a single keyword search box, and searches may be limited to a certain character and/or play. My test search for "woodbine" revealed occurrences in two acts of the Dream, and one in Much Ado about Nothing. Search results were simply and elegantly shown as text snippets headed by the name of the speaker and with accompanying line numbers. There is also the option to reveal "surrounding text", showing lines from those speaking before and after the search result. Results were returned very quickly, using the Yippy Labs service. Advertising may be served alongside the results. No analysis, opinions, footnotes, interpretations or minor variant texts are searched or offered by the website.
This website provides an extensive introduction to Shakespeare's life and times. The site is a slightly abbreviated version of the 'Shakespeare's Life and Times' CD-ROM, containing most of the text of that product, but without as many multimedia features. The website is divided by subject areas such as: Shakespeare's life; the stage; history and politics; the background of ideas; the drama, etc. Each of these topics is then subdivided, and these sub-headings lead to sets of individual pages that provide clear and simple introductions to the issues in question. The pages are often illustrated and sometimes include links to external web resources. Links to electronic texts of Shakespeare are, of course, provided. This site should prove a useful reference source for A-Level and undergraduate students of Shakespeare.
'The Tempest, adapted by Beerbohm Tree' is a fascinating website containing text and facsimile images from the programme for the fiftieth performance of Shakespeare's 'The Tempest', directed by Herbert Beerbohm Tree, in 1904. The website includes Tree's full play text, divided into sections by act, as well as: the cast list; Tree's notes on the production; and illustrations of the characters' costumes as seen in this performance. Edited by David Lindley of Leeds University, the text is significant in the history of Shakespeare performance due to the 'sympathetic prominence' given to the character of Caliban. It could be argued, in fact, that Tree's adaptation makes possible the 'post-colonial' readings of The Tempest that have dominated recent Shakespeare criticism. The site is well presented and easy to navigate, and would be of interest to those studying English literature and theatre history.
On this website, Bielefeld University Library has made available full text digital editions of a number of works from its special collections. The works of William Shakespeare has been digitized from Alexander Pope's quarto edition published in London from 1723-25. The works comprises six volumes of plays, each of which has been digitised and made available as a series of page images (two pages per image). Simple navigation aids are also provided. The digital edition is designed to be viewed on a 1024 x 768 resolution screen and makes use of HTML frames. Pope's edition of Shakespeare includes Nicholas Rowe's life of Shakespeare. The digital edition also preserves the illustrations including a portrait of Shakespeare.
'Shakespearean Prompt-Books of the Seventeenth Century' is a website that offers a series of electronic editions of prompt books for Shakespeare's plays, as used in seventeenth-century theatre productions. The editions, published by the Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia and edited by G. Blakemore Evans, feature facsimiles of stage directions with collated prompts showing variations between different copies. Each text is headed by a brief critical introduction by the editor. Books are provided for: Macbeth; Measure for Measure; A Winter's Tale; The Comedy of Errors; A Midsummer Night's Dream; Hamlet; Othello; King Lear; Henry the Eighth; The Merry Wives of Windsor; and Twelfth Night. Blakemore Evans is editor of the 1974 'Riverside Shakespeare', as well as author of numerous works on the bard, and a former student of the twentieth-century editor of 'Tottel's Miscellany' and eclectic scholar of sixteenth-century literature, H. E. Rollins. This site would be invaluable to students of theatre history as well as English literature.
This is the website of the guide entitled ‘Shakespearean stage history from 1660 onwards’ and was written by Brad Berens. This guide is an introduction to Shakespearean stage history and so would be of interest to theatre history students. The guide comprises of an annotated bibliography divided into the following topics: general overview; collections of reviews and other production accounts; Shakespeare on film and television; individual plays and eccentric essays and books. At the end of the bibliography there are some suggestions for further research.
SHAKSPER, The Global Electronic Shakespeare Conference, is a website offering access to the archives of the SHAKSPER Listserv discussion forum and related materials, from 1990 onwards. The list is popular, with about 1,300 contributors, and is open to anyone interested in: Shakespeare's works; Renaissance drama; film adaptations of Shakespeare plays; or Shakespeare in popular culture. Topics covered in the archives include: literary; critical; textual; theoretical; and performative issues, along with: announcements of conferences; seminars; lectures; symposia; job openings; calls for papers; and new publications (including online materials). Reviews of scholarly books and past and present theatrical productions are also welcome. The editor does not, however, accept contributions relating to the 'authorship question'. The archives may be browsed by year or searched with a free-text search engine. The site also features a number of online scholarly papers and reviews. This is a good example of a Listserv discussion forum, and should be of interest to Shakespeare scholars at all levels.
'Siân Echard's Medieval and Arthurian Pages' is a website that brings together links to a number of Echard's own Web pages on medieval literature, which she originally created to support her teaching at the University of British Columbia. The material included is conceived of as being supplementary to Echard's teaching rather than free-standing, but by drawing these resources together she provides a wealth of illustrative material for the study of Arthurian literature, as well as of medieval drama and the lives and works of John Gower and Geoffrey Chaucer. Types of material provided or linked to include: manuscript facsimiles; modern authors' websites; illustrations of Arthurian stories; chronologies; runic alphabets; and information on Arthurian history. This website would be useful for teaching undergraduate literature courses, as well as a starting point for research.
The 'Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton' website is part of the comprehensive Victorian Web, and provides an overall assessment of the life and work of this undeservedly neglected writer. Once a giant of Victorian literature, Lytton (1803-1873) was a politician and critic as well as a poet and prolific novelist, writing historical romances, and arguably inventing the detective and science fiction genres. The site offers: a detailed biography; a chronology; and lists of Lytton's works. There is a section entitled 'Literary Relations' which is comprised of essays on various themes such as: Lytton's political life from a Whig Radical to a Progressive Conservative; his dramatic works including 'Richelieu; or, The Conspiracy' (1839) and 'Money' (1840); and his literary relationship with contemporaries George Eliot, Charles Dickens and William Makepeace Thackeray. Students working on VIctorian literature would find this site of use in their research.
Sixteenth Century Renaissance English Literature (1485-1603) is a website that offers links to resources in Renaissance literature. The home page provides links to information on an extensive range of authors, including: John Skelton; Thomas Wyatt; Philip Sidney; Edmund Spenser; Thomas Nashe; Christopher Marlowe; John Foxe; Queen Elizabeth I; Aemilia Lanyer; Michael Drayton; and William Shakespeare. Other links on the home page lead to a database of articles. Some of these articles are by students rather than established academics, and so will be of limited interest to specialists, but such articles are clearly identified. The full text of various academic articles from Early Modern Literary Studies are also available. Perhaps the most useful section is the link to Renaissance resources. This provides an exhaustive list of articles and monographs on cultural and historical topics relevant to the period (for example the Reformation, the Gunpowder Plot, 1605), which can be read online. The site would be of use as an introduction to students studying Renaissance literature and its context, and a pointer to further reading on specific authors of the period. The site is attractively illustrated with images of sixteenth century art and has won an impressive list of awards for its design and content.
This study guide, aimed at older students, provides information about Pericles, the play by William Shakespeare about families fragmented by shipwreck and mistaken deaths. A context summary is provided, which suggests sources for the play, including The Odyssey. There is also a guide to the characters, a summary and analysis of the play, study questions and suggested further reading. There are links to a summary and commentary of each act and scene of the play. In order to view these it is necessary to register on the site and registration is free. This is located on the SparkNotes website, which provides online study guides and books.
This online guide to Shakespeare's play 'The Tempest' is part of the SparkNotes website, which provides online study guides and reference tools. The resource includes: a context overview; plot overview; character analysis; discussion of themes and a scene-by-scene summary and analysis. There is also a list of study questions and essay topics, and a quiz. In order to view the full text of the play it is necessary to sign up for free membership of SparkNotes. This would make a useful introduction to the play for students.
Studies in English Literature is the online version of the well-known and respected journal from John Hopkins University Press, which is a mainstay of research in English. The coverage of the journal rotates according to the time of year: in winter it covers the English Renaissance; in spring Tudor and Stuart Drama; in summer Restoration and the 18th Century; and in autumn the 19th Century. Access to the full-text of issues from volume 39, number 1, onwards is available through subscription or institutional provision. Submission guidelines and editorial policy are also available on this site. This resource would mainly be of interest to graduate students and established academics, but undergraduates may occasionally wish to consult articles electronically via their institutional libraries. The site is simply laid out and very easy to navigate.
The Surfing for Shakespeare Web page provides an annotated list of links to sites and resources primarily of use to students and scholars of Renaissance English literature. The list is split into sections, which include: directories and maps of Britain; library catalogues and resources; UK universities; general English literature search tools; Renaissance literature search tools and reference sources; and general reference tools. The list is navigated via an index at the top of the page, which makes the long list of links more manageable. The list would be useful as an introduction to the literature of the period, with links to information on some of the major authors (the most comprehensive being on Shakespeare) and also to contextual information on the Renaissance in England.
Surfing with the Bard is a web gateway that would be useful for supporting GCSE and A-Level studies relating to Shakespeare and Elizabethan England. The site is owned and maintained by American English and Drama teacher Amy Ulen. The site is divided into 'zones', including: 'Plays'; 'Teachers'; 'Student'; 'FAQ'; and 'Fun'. 'Plays' links to: summaries; e-texts; discussion groups; and lesson plans for many of the best-known plays, as well as Shakespeare's sonnets. The 'Student Zone' includes classroom guides for studying Shakespeare, including a lesson on understanding Shakespearian language, as well as plays guides and information on life in Shakespeare's time. In the 'Teacher Zone' there are lesson plans, articles on teaching Shakespeare, and links to further resources. The site also links to discussion groups on Ulen's new site ShakespeareHigh.Com.
This is the website of Surrealism Plays.com, a website dedicated to surrealist literature and avant-garde theatre. “Surrealism was a literary, artistic and revolutionary movement, founded in Paris during the 1920s”. The website includes short biographies of writers associated with the surrealist movement such as Andre Breton and Federico Garcia Lorca. Avant-garde playwrights covered include Bertolt Brecht, John Paul-Sartre and Samuel Beckett. The section on surrealist poetry contains five poems by Federico Garcia Lorca, Andre Breton, Antonin Artaud, Robert Desnos and Benjamin Peret. There is a bibliography covering surrealist literature and theatre. Other sections include: surrealist artists; publications and news; images and links to other relevant websites. There is also a link on the homepage to Andre Breton’s ‘First Manifesto of Surrealism’ (1924).
Teachit is a vast resource for teaching English, Drama, Media Studies and Citizenship at primary and secondary schools. It is a collection of materials which have been created, tried and tested by English teachers. A majority of them is free, but some of the resources can be used properly only if you access them as a member. The website offers three different levels of subscription for individual members and school departments. Included on the site are downloadable and photocopiable worksheets, lesson plans and schemes of work - in fact, everything needed for planning individual lessons or even courses. Teachit uses frames for simplicity of navigation, and its resources are indexed in a number of ways: key stage, drama, media, online lessons, teaching aids, etc. The drama section, for example, contains lessons and strategies designed for teaching difficult topics such as gender representation or Stanislavski's acting system. In addition, this online resource has large sections devoted to games that can help bring texts alive to sometimes unwilling students. There are also numerous links to other websites, including Teachit's sister sites, that carry full texts of plays or study notes, and offer many other classroom materials.
The New York Times Online Times Topic on Tennessee Williams features news items, book and play reviews, critical discussions and articles on Williams' work over a fifty year period. Also included is an audio recording of Tennessee Williams himself, both talking about and reading from his material. The reviews offer an insight into the nature of performance reflecting the changing times, as well as developments in theatre production and direction.The range of critical material offers a variety of perspectives, from those of journalists, to those of theatre critics and academics, which also make this site useful in offering an insight into the different agendas that inform opinions on a writer's work. It may, therefore, be of interest to to theatre studies as well as literature researchers.The site is accessible via free registration and cookies must be enabled.
This site contains two important resources relating to the American dramatist Tennessee Williams (Thomas Lanier Williams, 1911-1983). It is the home page of The Tennessee Williams annual review (a scholarly journal relating to Williams' writings) as well as the official website for the Tennessee Williams Scholars' Conference, held in New Orleans each March. There is access to all issues of the journal - the earlier ones as PDF files, and from number 3(2000) in HTML and PDF. From 2002, the journal was online only but reverted back to print in 2005. The Conference site has brief details of the next conference with contact information and Submission Guidelines.
'The Revenge' is a full online facsimile of Edward Young's five-act tragedy. First performed in 1721, 'The Revenge' was published in several editions over the next century. The versions of the text hosted here are from the 1806 Longman edition (with a forward by Elizabeth Inchbald), and the 1777 Bell edition. Edward Young wrote three rather bombastic tragedies but is probably best remembered as a poet of the 18th-century 'Graveyard School', being the author of the long and popular poem, 'The Complaint, or Night Thoughts on Life, Death, and Immortality'. Both versions of 'The Revenge' hosted here are in PDF format. Zipped versions of the files are available for users wishing to download them. A basic bibliography of Young's primary works is also available at the site. Students and researchers studying this period would find this resource of interest. Users of the site should note that the texts are not searchable.
This site, created by the Università di Parma's Language Department, is an online resource dedicated to British Gothic drama. It covers the period 1768 (when the first Gothic tragedy, Horace Walpole's 'The Mysterious Mother' was written) until the 1820s and 30s. The website includes links to: critical bibliographies; other Internet resources; teaching and study aids; a virtual bookshelf with information in Italian and English; a section with abstracts of recent dissertations, and links to other websites.
This website offers a starting-point for all beginner and intermediate students who wish to explore Gothic drama and theatre from an Italian background. The creators of the site hope students will rediscover a cultural phenomenon which has played second fiddle to the better-known Gothic romance, in spite of being just as shocking and frightening to contemporary audiences.
TheatrePro.com is a website that provides reviews of plays and musicals staged in London and New York. The site is a non-commercial venture, the work of author and critic Alice Griffin, who also taught modern drama at the City University of New York. The site is divided into sections: 'Major Modern Plays'; 'Major Modern Productions'; and 'Major Modern Playwrights', which together provide: synopses of plays; reviews of relatively recent productions; and a number of brief biographies of playwrights. Although the reviews do not appear to have been added to since about 2006, the site would be a useful resource for students requiring succinct introductions to the themes of particular plays and information on playwrights and the stagings of various plays.
The Theatre Database is an extensive resource for students of drama, covering drama from the classical world to the 21st century. There are seven principal sections, relating to ancient theatre, medieval theatre, and chronologically from the 16th to the 20th centuries. Within each section are a number of informative essays covering the significant aspects of the era. So, for the 16th century, there are pieces on Elizabethan Dramatic Criticism, a biography of Shakespeare and an analysis of John Heywood. These essays are taken from a range of previously published works, each of which is credited to its author. In addition, related links are appended to each study, as well as a direct link to the HighBeam search engine. The website is particularly strong in its resources on Ancient Theatre, and surprisingly brief on the 20th century; there is also, as yet, very little on the 21st century. It should be stressed that the individual essays are are old, generally dating to the early decades of the 20th century. Articles on the Ancient Theatre (this reviewer's primary field of knowledge) are not by classical specialists, and unlike Aristophanes, Greek tragedians are not given the same play-by-play treatment. Many of the links are to equally outdated articles on the Theatre History website. Even if these essays may be valid in outline, they are unsatisfactory in such a potentially useful resource. This criticism holds true for the other periods: the essay on Shakespeare is taken from Bellinger, M.F., "A Short History of the Drama" (New York, 1927). At most, this website is useful as a starting point, and the advertisements on the site are rather irritating. As an alternative, with a greater and more contemporary scope, interested users might try Franklin Hildy and Oscar Brockett's History of the Theatre website.
The website TheatreHistory.com features information about a wide range of theatrical traditions in Europe, North America and Asia. The site offers an index of topics relating to the theatre history of different cultures. There are resources on Irish theatre, British theatre, Russian theatre, Spanish theatre and many more. There is a good cross-section of information about contemporary theatre, as well as pages devoted to ancient Greek and Roman and medieval theatre. There is also general information about the origins and development of the theatre. Under each topic, users can access information on playwrights and dramatic practice. Topics include biographies of key figures in the history of drama, synopses of plays and contextual studies about relationships between drama and society. Links are well-annotated so that information is easy to locate. The site also offers an online script archive. This is not fully comprehensive but there is a variety of full-length plays, one-act plays, short plays and monologues. The archive would be helpful for drama teachers looking for performance pieces. The site has an excellent range of resources and would be of use to those studying almost any dramatic tradition.
This website describes the work being undertaken as the third tranche of the Theatron project. Led by King's Visualisation Lab, and funded by the Eduserv Foundation, this involves importing 3D theatre models into the virtual world, Second Life. Five projects have been selected, which will explore the potential uses for these simulations in higher education. Each project is led by a UK university, in collaboration with the Higher Education Academy English Subject Centre and PALATINE, and will see the complex technical work undertaken previously in the project transformed into "highly innovative, interactive teaching and learning resources".
This website is a collection of articles about Harold Pinter, the British playwright and Nobel laureate in literature. This resources has been compiled by the New York Times (NYT). The website includes articles ranging from news, an obituary, theatre and film reviews and photos. There is an audio slide show where Ben Brantley talks about the Broadway revival of Pinter’s play ‘The Homecoming’. There is also a list of online resources about Pinter selected by researchers and editors of the NYT. This resource, although from a journalistic perspective, would be of interest to researchers interested in the life and works of Harold Pinter
Touchstone is a collaborative project between the University of Birmingham and the British Library which draws together information about UK Shakespeare collections. Their website aims to facilitate and encourage research in William Shakespeare amongst a wide range of people. The project has 3 main strands: an online enquiry service and subject centre; the Touchstone database; and collaborative collection management. The website provides information about the project and access to both the enquiry service (via an online form) and the database. The database contains descriptions of collections held by: the Shakespeare Institute Library; Shakespeare Centre Library; Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Records Office; Birmingham Central Library; and the Globe Theatre Library and Archive. Users of the site can also search 'Traffic of the Stage' - a database of Shakespeare productions since 1996 or view a list of current and forthcoming Shakespeare productions. Under 'Studying Shakespeare' are details and links for lectures and study days and continuing education, part-time, postgraduate or teachers courses. Also on the site is a directory of Shakespeare Associations both UK and International, and a series of online exhibitions entitled: Shakespeare at the Birmingham Repertory Theatre 1906-1960; Peter Brook's A Midsummer Night's Dream; and the New Shakespeare Company. The database is easy to use, responding to Boolean terms, and has simple and advanced search facilities. Touchstone caters for Shakespeare enthusiasts and school teachers and provides enough scholarly and reliable bibliographic information to be a useful starting point for academic researchers.
The Towneley Plays Project is a website that provides transcriptions of a number of these medieval religious plays. The transcriptions are taken from facsimiles of the original 15th-century manuscripts by students of Professor Murray McGillivray's English course at the University of Calgary. The texts of eight of the 32 medieval plays are available on the site, including: the Creation; Cain and Abel; Noah; Abraham and Isaac; the first and second shepherds' pageants; Herod the Great; and the 'Buffeting of Christ'. The project also provides: some background information on the resource; a very short history of the plays; and scans of some alphabetical characters that appear in the manuscripts. This resource would be of interest to students studying medieval drama, as well as students of medieval English palaeography.
Tragedy is a website hosting teaching materials relating to Richard D. Erlich's 2001 Miami University course of the same name. The resources relate to various texts, including: 'King Lear'; 'Romeo and Juliet'; 'Macbeth'; 'Othello'; 'Tamburlaine the Great'; 'Dr Faustus'; and 'Death of a Salesman'. The site provides study guides to the texts and related links. Fair-use quotations from these resources are permitted. Students of Renaissance drama in particular would find this a useful introduction to drama of the period.
This site, The Tragedy of Macbeth by Roman Polanski, offers a full script transcription, by Eleonora Capra, of Roman Polanski's film 'The Tragedy of Macbeth', produced by Caliban Films and distributed by Columbia Pictures in 1971. The film, based on William Shakespeare's 'The Tragedy of Macbeth', features Jon Finch as Macbeth and Francesca Annis as Lady Macbeth. Screenplay was written jointly by Roman Polanski (1933 - ) and Kenneth Tynan (1927-1980). For cinematic purposes, passages from the original play were cut for time and some soliloquies changed to inner monologues for the sake of psychologic realism. The film won the National Board of Review (NBR) award for best film in the English language in 1972. Apart from the script, the site provides a link to the IMDb (Internet Movie Database) entry for the film and several stills.
Travesties : The stagecraft of Tom Stoppard is a brief site devoted to the work of the contemporary playwright, screenwriter and novelist Tom Stoppard (1937-). Stoppard's works include the plays Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead, The Real Inspector Hound, Jumpers, Arcadia and the screenplay for Shakespeare in Love.The site features a brief biographical note, synopses of many of his works with cast lists of first productions, and a set of links to interviews and reviews of his work (including productions).This is a useful resource for enthusiasts of Stoppard's work, and provides many helpful links to online interviews and reviews.
This website describes the special collections and archives held at the University of Leicester Library. There is a particular strength in holdings related to Leicester, from personal papers of local literary figures Sue Townsend and Joe Orton to archives relating to the history of science and medicine in the area. The collection is more wide ranging than this however, encompassing labour history, European history, 12th-20th century manuscripts, 17th century prints, incunabula and early children's books. As well as briefly describing the contents of each named collection, the website includes access information.
The website 'University of Reading Special Collections' describes the 150 separate special collections held at the University of Reading library. As yet largely uncatalogued on the University’s electronic catalogue, the collection descriptions can be searched or browsed alphabetically from here. Of the archives of historical and literary papers held two, the Samuel Beckett Archive and the Records of British Publishing and Printing are designated as internationally important by the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council. Other collections. Other collections relate to other authors, twentieth century British and Italian Politics, and local studies. As well as the extensive archive material, the Library holds important collections of rare books including pre 1851 handpress printed books, private press books and modern literary first editions. Particular strengths are history, history of science, children's literature, publishing and printing history, literature and classics. The site promotes regularly a 'featured items' section, with highlights from the collections, with the brochures available for download in PDF format. An archive of this section is accessible on the site.
The online resource 'University of Toronto English Library' is described as 'the main undergraduate and graduate site for students and faculty of the Deparment of English', University of Toronto. Considering its content and comprehensive character, it will be indeed of use to all students of English language and literature. It includes a sizable full-text collection of poetry, drama, prose and non-fiction works, together with a few items of criticism on George Eliot, and characters in William Shakespeare's plays. Users will notice, however, that access to some of the pages with texts of literary works is restricted to the University of Toronto students, staff and faculty. The website also contains a glossary of literary theory and Linda Hutcheon's essay on 'Irony, Nostalgia, and the Postmodern'. There are pages dedicated to the history of English language and English composition. Each of these pages provides a list of annotated references and links to relevant resources. The site also contains pages of a number of projects and research centres: Epistolarvm - The Evelyn Letters Project; The Northrop Frye Centre. A number of links to faculty home pages are available, along with undergraduate and graduate course pages - often featuring useful bibliographies. The site also hosts the full catalogues of the Toronto University Library.
University of Wisconsin digital collections offers a small selection of free online exhibitions and the full-text archive of one arts journal. The online collections includes illustrated exhibitions featuring: violinist and inventor of 'the Suzuki method' Shinichi Suzuki (1898-1998); 'Folk Figures, a survey of Norwegian and Norwegian-American artifacts'; and the 'Illustrated Shakespeare Collection' offering 23 full-text illustrated books related to pictures that have illustrated Shakespeare's works. The website also contains the full-text of the entire run of the irregular journal 'Arts in Society' (U.S., 1958-1976). There are brief details of the arts collection and its aims, and a small number of links to other University of Wisconsin library online arts exhibitions.
'The Victorian Plays Project' website is the online result of an AHRC-funded project by the University of Worcester and Birmingham Libraries. The website offers a free "digital archive of selected plays from T.H. Lacy's 'Acting Edition of Victorian Plays' (1848-1873)", consisting of the texts of 350 public-domain stage plays. There is also a catalogue for "1500 plays" from the same 'Lacy's Acting Edition of Plays'. Users can use an A-Z author/title list, or search for a variety of terms including particular stage directions. Plays are available to download in PDF format. There are also external Web links (from 2007), and a 'T.H. Lacy Biography'.
Describing itself as 'expansive, yet wholly unauthorized', this site offers a wide range of information about the American writer Kurt Vonnegut (1922-2007), best known for his novels Slaughterhouse Five and Cat's Cradle. The resource includes a chronology, a detailed listing of Vonnegut's writings, a substantial Critical Bibliography, and a series of pages offering biographical information, including the personal details and interviews with the author. One of the most useful sections of the site deals with Vonnegut's dramatic works and includes cast lists and reviews. The Archive section provides full-text versions of Vonnegut's articles and essays, published in various magazines and newspapers, which are not included in printed collections of his non-fiction writing. It seems, however, that the site is still under construction and a number of links remains unavailable. One other drawback of the resource is the fact that it has not been updated since approximately 2005, and consequently it does not include the information on the writer's death in 2007, or any of the works published in his last years or posthumously.
What the Thunder Said is a site devoted to the works and life of the Anglo-American modernist poet T.S. Eliot (1888-1965), also known as the author of plays, such as 'Murder in the Cathedral' and 'The Cocktail Party', and a literary critic. The site is organised around four main categories. 'Timeline' offers an overview of Eliot's life and career, The 'Works' pages feature the texts of his early poetry, including 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock' and 'Gerontion', as well as 'The Sacred Wood', a volume of early critical essays, and many other. The section 'Resources' provides links to other websites concerned with the work of T.S. Eliot, as well as the full text of Eliot's article 'The Possibility of a Poetic Drama', as it appeared in 'The Dial' in November 1920. 'Etcetera' includes brief information on 'Tom & Viv', the 1994 film about the poet's troubled relationship with his wife. Unfortunately, the site provides little secondary or critical information on Eliot. Also, although it can be useful for those interested in finding online texts of Eliot's poetry, a significant number of works listed here appear only in title, their text not being provided. The user will also observe that, due to copyright problems, for the full text of Eliot's works, and relevant bibliographical information, the site links to other resources. The advantage of this resource is the fact that it brings together what other sites feature separately: the texts of Eliot's poetry and essays, and secondary criticism, even if these can be accessed only via relevant links.
'William Shakespeare: the complete works' is a website devoted to discussion of the playwright, his life and his works. The site is run by Linda Alchin, and compiles and discusses: the full texts of his plays and sonnets; biographical information; quotes by and about the Bard; theories on the identity of Shakespeare and authorship of the plays; and a glossary of Shakespearian terms. The site is thoroughly illustrated, and provides a survey of some of the main Shakespearian theories and topics for debate. The site, although not overly scholarly in tone, provides some interesting discussions, for example on the design of various portraits of Shakespeare. This resource would provide a useful introduction to the Bard for students, although it would benefit from the addition of further references and bibliography.
The Women's Writing for Performance website is an output of the Women's Writing for Performance Project, a three-year research programme (2003-2006) funded by the AHRC and led by Professors Elaine Aston and Geraldine Harris of the Lancaster Institute for Contemporary Arts at Lancaster University. The project sought to understand what strategies are employed by women in their writing practices and to analyse such strategies for their contestation of gender representation, through regularly convened practice-research events, undertaken in conjunction with international visits of the project leaders to archives and to practitioners. The website provides information about the project and its publications, including: Performing Words, a film of a four-day workshop with Gilly Adams and Geddy Aniksdal, held at Lancaster University from 29 March - 2 April 2004; and Split Britches, a film of a four-day workshop with Peggy Shaw and Lois Weaver (collectively known as Split Britches) at Lancaster University from 12 -15 January 2006. Both films can be viewed online using either RealPlayer or Windows Media Player; and both are stored with AHDS Performing Arts for preservation purposes.
The World Shakespeare bibliography is a searchable online database designed to aid research on Shakespeare and his works. The database is available for institutional or individual subscription. The bibliography contains annotated entries for: books; articles; reviews; dissertations; theatrical productions of Shakespeare's works and their reviews; and Internet resources and electronic media from a broad period starting in 1972 up to mid 2001. At the time of writing the bibliography includes over 97,000 entries in over 100 languages from across the world. Entries can be searched by: author; title; subject; keyword; phrase; date; language; publisher; or periodical title. Searches can also be cross-referenced. The website also provides details on: contributors; how to subscribe, and publications not yet located (users of the site can contribute information on these). English students; researchers; and teachers would all find this resource of use in their work.
This web page describes the AHRC-funded research project ‘Writing Space’. Led by academic and performance-maker Cathy Turner, this aims to explore alternatives to the prevailing methods of nurturing and developing performance writers and writing and “develop new models towards the development of writing and writers across an expanded field of theatre and performance”. The project aims to be “radically inclusive” embracing a huge range of writing practices across multiple genres and disciplines, and drawing on this difference as the source of inspiration, ideas and new perspectives. The web page includes details of outputs and a report on the first Writing Space project.
The website of the York Doomsday Project provides information on a research project based at Lancaster University. The Project explores the 15th-century York Mystery Plays and their various social, intellectual, religious, and theatrical contexts and aims to collect all surviving evidence of performances, making the results available to scholars and teachers of medieval drama in the shape of: high resolution images; transcriptions; and interactive CD-ROMs. Information on this site includes: project progress reports; notes on the archives; and information on some of the individual manuscripts connected with the project.
The York Mystery Plays website, 'Illumination: from shadow into light' is the work of the National Centre for Early Music in York, and gives a history of performance of the York cycle in its home city. The site discusses the nature of the plays, and the manner in which they have been performed in the past, including more recent revivals involving York trade guilds. Of particular interest to theatre historians and students of medieval drama is the archive of: photographs; interviews; and other materials relating to performances, which can be searched by title and year. There are sound clips available for some of the interviews, but otherwise a reference to holdings at the National Centre for Early Music is given. A short section of related links is also provided. The site is well designed and informative, and a good resource for those interested in the performance of medieval drama, or anyone studying the texts of the York plays themselves.