As its name suggests, the material on this website is a guide to archives of 19th century British publishers that was compiled in the early- to mid-1990s by Alexis Weedon (University of Luton) and Michael Bott (University of Reading). It is based on a list of archives published in the Book Trade History Newsletter and gives the following information for each entry: name of company; trade; location; and source. Many of the records also include a contact address. Although the format of the data might be somewhat alienating due to the lack of hyperlinks or even clearly defined sections, and the the online version of the list has not been updated since its publication in 1996, this website remains a useful resource for Victorianists, be they historians, literary scholars or researchers in the field of book studies. The site, while dated, is a subpage of the still-active Victorian Research Web, which is maintained by Patrick Leary.
The “A.P. Watt Records” website contains a comprehensive list of the University of North Carolina’s library holding for the world’s first literary agency, A.P. Watt and Company, which began operations in London, 1875 and continues to operate today. Users should be aware that this resource only lists what is available at the university library and there are no links or search engines to help students, researchers, or scholars. There are approximately three hundred thousand (300,000) items in the collection and include correspondence, agreements, contracts, and account books that document the sales of various author works to a variety of publishing outlets. Significant authors included in the list are G.K. Chesterton, Winston Churchill, Joseph Conrad, Charles Dickens, Thomas Hardy, Rudyard Kipling, H.G. Wells, P.G. Wodehouse, and W.B. Yeats. As well as a wealth of information on individual authors (ranging from canonical to hack), it is also a pre-eminent resource for scholars of publishing history and/or the industrial position of writers working since the late nineteenth century. The majority of the material dates between 1897 and 1937, but several files extend to 1985. The resource is also available in ASCII format.
This website is the home page of the Academi, a national society which exists to promote the writers and the literature of Wales. It offers information for writers about courses, bursaries and competitions, submitting work, copyright and current opportunities. It also includes useful advice on scams and cons to avoid. The site features online lectures on areas of interest to writers, reviews of recent publications and a gallery of writers and their work. There is a database of writers working in Wales and of current funded projects, such as Writers on Tour and mentoring schemes. Information is also given about the Academi's publications, which include the Welsh language literary periodical Taliesin, the bi-monthly information magazine A470, and the Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. Although addressed specifically to practitioners in Wales, the general information on skills and protocols would be of use to any serious writer, whether a current professional or a newcomer. It is also useful to anyone wanting to find a practising writer to work with students or community projects. This site is available in either Welsh or English and offers links to a number of university sites, online writing projects and other related resources.
This versatile online resource, prepared by scholars at Memorial University in Newfoundland, Canada, presents primary source information on Renaissance and early modern emblem books. The site is primarily dedicated to the 'Emblematum liber' (Book of Emblems) of the sixteenth-century Italian jurist, Andrea Alciato. Emblem books were popular in England in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and Alciato's emblem book was influential in establishing their popularity. Individual enblems typically feature an allegorical image accompanied by a motto or religious proverb; they provided a source of moral instruction as well as being a source of entertainment.
Emblem texts are provided here in their original Latin and in an English translation from 1621; these can be read side-by-side, in adjacent frames, or separately. Titles of the emblems are organised thematically. There is also a word search facility, a selected bibliography of scholarly works on emblem books, biographical information about Alciato and information on the publication history of his emblem book. Emblem images can be viewed individually. The site additionally includes 'The Choice of Emblemes' (1586) by George Whitney, cousin of the English poetess Isabella Whitney; other resources include the seventeenth-century jestbook 'Gratiae Ludentes'. The editors promise further future additions to these pages.
American literary studies is a guide to the resources in American literature held by Stanford University Libraries and has been compiled by the collection's curator, William McPheron. The first section gives links to computer-based resources (available generally only to subscribers). The second section is a guide to Special Collections held by Stanford. It has five period divisions and two others, covering Popular and Mass Market Culture and Chicano Studies. Within these divisions, there are listings (arranged mainly by author) of the major collections, each one with a brief description of the contents and linking to a more detailed listing. Although there is important earlier material, the real strengths of the collections lie in the twentieth century, and in particular in the post-1945 period. These include major collections relating to Hawthorne, Hemingway and Steinbeck as well as to modern poets such as Denise Levertov, Gregory Corso and Robert Creeley. There are also archives of important literary presses, including North Point Press, and a complete run of Dell Paperbacks.
The Art and Books website consists of essays about the history of manuscript and book illustration, which were written by Sue Wood of the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Charles Sturt University, along with other contributors, as companion pieces for an undergraduate course on 'Art and Books.' A wealth of detail is provided here with a view to exploring a larger theoretical question about the relationship between form and content. The introductory page states, "different types [of books are described here] in terms of the relationships between images and text; form and content; and method production and end product."
The site is divided into eight sections: the book form; manuscripts; Gutenberg and after; fine printing; children's books; comics; artist's books; and the future. Each section contains annotated links to other websites featuring relevant primary and secondary resources. Most sections also contain helpful essays written by the author of the site introducing key elements of book illustration. There are short essays on such subjects as: the development of the book; illuminated manuscripts (the various kinds and styles); block books; the development of print technology; the history of children's book illustration; and the history of Australian children's book illustration in particular. As befits a site about illustration, this is a well-presented resource that should provide a good starting point for those studying manuscript and book illustration.
'The Art of Penguin Science Fiction' is a website showcasing the history Penguin Books' science fiction cover art. The site is navigated initially visually, from a homepage consisting of thumbnails of the book covers. Once users have navigated away from the homepage, the site takes on more of the structure of a book, with covers and descriptions available via an index or a contents list. The site focuses mainly on the period 1935 - 1977, dividing this into design phases, with a general introduction to all, and a specific introduction to each phase. Covers are shown as small images, accompanied by a brief explanation contextualising the design or artwork within the main history. Covers can be viewed by title as well as within historical context, making it easy to compare designs across the decades. This is a site that would appeal to students or teachers of graphic design, as well as publishing history.
'Aspects of the Victorian Book' is an online exhibition created by the British Library to mark the centenary of Queen Victoria's death in 1901. The site forms an introduction to printing and publishing techniques of the period, drawing on the British Library's large collection of 19th-century material. The exhibition is divided into two main sections, 'Production', and 'Publishing'. 'Production' covers topics including: printing techniques; illustration techniques (including photography and lithography); and binding. 'Publishing' concentrates on the types of books produced in the period, such as: novels; penny dreadfuls; children's books; and magazines. Each subsection consists of an introduction and a number of supporting images. This resource would make a useful introduction to publishing in the Victorian period for students of book history, as well as those studying English.
The Atlas of Early Printing is an online resource created by the University of Iowa Libraries. The Atlas consists mainly of an interactive map of Europe, illustrating the spread of moveable type printing technology during the period 1450 - 1500. Information provided on the map includes the locations of: printing presses; paper mills; universities; fairs; conflicts; and trade routes. Users can also view modern European country boundaries, and the locations of modern cities. The information on the map can be displayed layer by layer, and can also be restricted by year or year-range, for clearer viewing. In addition to the map, the site provides background information on the Atlas and the team responsible for it, as well as: an examination of one fifteenth-century printed book (a 1490 copy of Scriptores Historiae Augustae from the University of Iowa's collections); a digital animation of an early printing press; a bibliography of related reference sources; and links to other relevant websites. This resource would make a useful introduction to the history of European printing, and would be a good starting point for further bibliographical or historical study. It should be noted that Flash software is required in order to make use of the map.
Banned Books On-Line exhibits books that have been the objects of censorship or censorship attempts, either currently or in the past. Its aim is to be 'representative rather than exhaustive' and it is a work in progress, being continually updated. Books included are as wide-ranging in genre and content as James Joyce's Ulysses' and the fairy tale, Red Riding Hood. Users should note that there are important omissions, such as Salman Rushdie's Satanic Verses, since the site only discusses censored or previously censored books that are available online and that have been suppressed by legal authorities or deemed unfit for minorities. The focus is also predominantly on American texts, with key European and British references. Links are provided for each of the books discussed. The site also offers a wide range of links to sites which discuss censorship issues, such as Index on Censorship and the American Library Association's annual lists of books which have been subject to censorship attempts. While the site provides good brief summaries of censorship efforts, there is no in-depth analysis here of the context and aims of such acts. As such, the site will serve as a good initial platform for more detailed work elsewhere.
The website of the Bibliographical Society gives information about the society and its aims and activities. Founded in 1801 an based in Oxford, the society exists to promote the study of: historical; analytical; descriptive; and textual bibliography, as well as the history of: printing; publishing; bookselling; bookbinding; and collecting. The site gives details on: membership; meetings; publications; and bursaries. The Society's journal, 'The Library', is published by Oxford University Press, and subscription information is provided. The Society also hosts pages relating to 'The Cathedral Libraries Catalogue: Books printed before 1701 in the libraries of the Anglican Cathedrals of England and Wales'. This site would be useful to those studying book history in general, or any of the society's interests in specific.
The Bibliographical Society of America's BibSite is an online archive of free bibliographic resources. The site enables scholars to publish bibliographical materials they have gathered during research, with the aim of exchanging information. Authors are also encouraged to submit additions and corrections to bibliographies published by others. Resources are available in HTML or PDF format and include: updates to J. D. Fleeman's Bibliography of the Writings of Samuel Johnson, 1731-1984, by Jim McLaverty; Barbara McCorkle's 'Cartobibliography of the Maps in 18th Century British and American Geography Books'; and James Woolley's 'First-Line Indexes of English Verse, 1650-1800: A Checklist'. The site provides a list of resources and profiles of contributors, as well as guidelines on submission and citation of BibSite resources.
The Bibliographical Society of Canada (BSC) website provides information on the society and its work. The BSC aims to promote study of the "history, description, and transmission of texts in all media and formats, with a primary emphasis on Canada". The site gives details of: the membership of the society; the BSC's annual conference; related events; and BSC-funded fellowships. Of particular interest to book history scholars are the 40 digitised volumes of the BSC Papers series (1962-2002). The contents of the Papers can be browsed by volume or title, and the full text can also be searched by keyword.
The Book History Research Network (BHRN) website is hosted by Trinity College Dublin. The BHRN was established in 1998 to bring together far-flung postgraduates, teachers, and academics studying and researching the history of the book. The project is directed by Dr. Johanna Archbold, who is affiliated with the Centre for Irish-Scottish and Comparative Studies, Trinity College Dublin. The project runs study days and posts a contact list with all the people registered in the network who are currently involved in, or who have recently completed, research into the history of the book. Also provided here are a mailing list; information on conferences and calls for papers; a links list; reports on previous events; discussion papers published online; and news and forthcoming events. Instructions are given on how to join the BHRN, and further information is offered about the Centre for Irish-Scottish and Comparative Studies. A number of internal links on the site were broken at the last review, but researchers on the history of the book will still find these pages to be a good starting point for making contacts with others in their field.
Books from the Past is a project that aims to make freely available on the web books in English and Welsh that 'have long been out of print and are unlikely to be reprinted by traditional means'. The books are chosen by the Welsh Books Council. Full bibliographic details are provided. At the time of writing, ten books in Welsh and eight in English, dating from the late eighteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries, are available for download (in PDF, ASCII and RTF formats) and browsing and searching (full-text) on the Web. Texts available here comprise works of poetry, plays and fiction, including: Dafydd Dafis; Caniadau; Ephraim Harris; Anna: or memoirs of a Welch heiress; Change; and The Human Factor. This site may interest book historians, as well as those studying English and Welsh language and literature.
'Bookslut' is a free monthly online magazine dedicated to the pleasure of reading. The magazine is a wide-ranging resource for English and writing students looking for contemporary reviews, interviews and opinions. Edited by an international collection of librarians, graduate students and enthusiastic readers, the magazine provides a vigorous and rigorous collection of material, aiming to offer 'insightful reviews, commentary on trends, updated news, and a lot of silliness'. Archived Issues date back to May 2002, and include interviews with authors such as: Edwin John Wintle; Camille Paglia; and Lee Gutkind. Each issue features reviews of fiction, non-fiction and poetry, as well as features on other aspects of writing and reading. The writing style is, in keeping with the title and section headings, challenging and punky, and has an opinionated vitality about it.
This is the homepage of the British Book Trade Index (BBTI), originally established in 1983 by Professor Peter Isaac of University of Newcastle upon Tyne, now hosted by the University of Birmingham. The BBTI was developed with funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (now the AHRC) Resource Enhancement scheme. The BBTI provides a searchable database of names and biographical details of people who worked in the English and Welsh book trade up to 1851. Users should note that the National Library of Scotland maintains a separate Scottish Book Trade Index, although some Scottish book trade people who were active in England or Wales are listed in the BBTI. The earliest entries in the database include Exeter Cathedral, which entered the book trade as a library in the eleventh century, and parchment or vellum makers and bookbinders from the medieval period. The database holds over 95,000 records and focuses on printers; publishers; booksellers; stationers; papermakers; engravers; auctioneers; ink-makers; and even sellers of medicines. Several previously published book trade indexes have been incorporated into the BBTI, including those by Plomer, Ramsden, Todd and Feather; users should also refer to the site's excellent bibliography of the English provincial book trade. Recent additions to the BBTI have additionally drawn from the Historical Directories Searchable Digital Library, administered by the University of Leicester.
Users can register with BBTI staff to submit information to the project database. Recent issues of the BBTI periodical, Quadrat, are available in full-text versions on the site; tables of contents for Quadrat issues from 1995 to 2005 are also posted.
British fiction 1800-1829 : a database of production, circulation and reception, is a bibliographical database of contemporary materials relating to works of fiction published in the British Isles during George IV's Regency and reign in the early nineteenth century. The database covers over 2,000 works by over 900 authors, including luminaries Jane Austen and Sir Walter Scott. The database may be searched via the site's search engine, or browsed alphabetically by author, title, or publisher. The results returned provide full bibliographic records for each specific work of fiction, including first edition details and any information about subsequent editions or translations during the period covered. More importantly, bibliographical details are also provided for advertisements for the work in contemporary newspapers and magazines, and for reviews in periodicals such as the Monthly Review and Critical Review. Anecdotal records concerning the reception of works, mostly from private correspondence, are referenced and excerpted, as are publishers' papers. Information is also provided about the circulating libraries stocking any given work. The project's scope and methodology are explained admirably, and the site offers explanatory guides as well as a key to abbreviations in order that users may get the most out of the database. A full list of the sources used by the project editors is provided and a revisions subpage explains how the most recent research in this field has been incorporated into the database. Links to related projects are also included. This is a well-designed resource that should prove useful to postgraduate students and researchers studying British Fiction in the Romantic era. It should especially serve those looking at the reception of particular novels or novelists, or those researching the book trade.
'British Library: Online Gallery Turning the Pages 2.0' is an innovative website/software hybrid that has been created by the British Library and its partners. For users who have fast broadband and Windows Vista, the website offers sixteen online facsimiles of rare books in the British Library collection. The books look and act like the original books in the original bindings and have pages which turn realistically; users can zoom in on fine details or to magnify details using a high-quality 'virtual loupe.' Book titles include: da Vinci's 'Codex Arundel' and 'Codex Leicester'; Charles Dodgson's original bound manuscript of 'Alice's Adventures under Ground'; William Blake's 'Notebook'; the 'Lindisfarne Gospels'; and the 'Sherbourne Missal', among others. Users can also hear the books being read by professional actors. The website is free, and requires registration only for the function that allows individuals to make and keep personal notes about the books. The books can be searched by keyword. The website will also function with Windows XP, but XP users will first need to download and install the free Microsoft .Net Framework v3.0. XP users may also need to specifically give the .Net framework Internet access through a firewall. The website is a good example of the forthcoming range of sophisticated 'browser-delivered software applications.'
This website, Calder and Boyers mss, describes the scope, content and history of a special collection in the Lilly Library at Indiana University, which contains material from 1939 to 1980. The Library holds 250,000 items from the British publishing company, Calder and Boyars Limited, and its predecessor, John Calder Publishers. The site offers a detailed inventory of the collection. John Calder was responsible for publishing several thousand works by some of the most influential names in twentieth century literature. This collection is thus an excellent resource for research into modern British publishing and European publishing history, as well as the hundreds of individual authors this firm represented during its corporate life. Some of the authors represented include Samuel Beckett, members of the 'nouveau roman' school (Alain Robbe Grillet, Marguerite Duras, Claude Simon, Nathalie Sarraute and Robert Pinget), and many other European novelists, playwrights and poets (Heinrich Böll, Dino Buzzati, Eugène Ionesco, Fernando Arrabal, René de Obaldia, Peter Weiss, Ivo Andric). This only represents a selection from the publishers backlist. The collection contains communications between authors and publishers, along with correspondence on other publishing matters, including translations; rejections; financial matters; and book publications. Miscellaneous records deal with the Defence of Literature and the Arts Society, the Independent Publishers Group, and the Frankfurt Book Fair. The collection also holds some personal papers of publishers John Calder and Marion Boyars. A subpage of the site provides guidelines for using materials at the Lilly Library and gives contact information for Library staff.
The online journal 'Cardiff Corvey: Reading the Romantic Text' was the predecessor of the online journal 'Romantic Textualities : Literature and Print Culture, 1780-1840. The journal was based at the Centre for Editorial and Intertextual Research at Cardiff University, published biannually and fully peer reviewed. An archive of articles from all issues (1997 - 2005) are available, covering: textual analysis; research methodology; bibliographical studies; editing; and the application of information technology in the field of English studies, with particular focus on the period 1770-1830. The site also offers links to related websites, although it should be stressed that these are no longer maintained, and anyone studying romantic literature and new media should use this website in conjunction with that of 'Romantic Textualities'.
Published by the British Library, the Online Catalogue of Photographically Illustrated Books provides a valuable search aid for those interested in the early history of photography. The collection, conceived in 1994 and initially funded by the Penny Charitable Trust, comprises over 1,300 books containing a total of 15,274 photographs, and is "one of the world’s largest and most comprehensive sources of early British and foreign photography" between 1839 and 1914. The complete catalogue can be searched online by keyword, or by using a more advanced search, with categories that include subject and process. Also on the site are some 320 digitised examples of the photographic content in the books, giving viewers a welcome taster in the British Library's Online Gallery of Historic Photographs. More digitised images are promised in future site updates. For a complete idea of the scope of early photographs used in books in the British Library collections, users should check the link to the Asia, Pacific and Africa Collections, where there are additional similar sources. Instructions for searching the catalogue are provided, as are details on how to order image and more information on the history of this project. Related catalogues are posted and completed research on this collection are described.
This British Library resource provides online access to William Caxton's (1442-1491) two editions of Chaucer's 'Canterbury Tales', probably printed in 1476 and 1483. Caxton helped set up the Bruges printing press where the first book printed in English was produced (most likely 'Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye') and introduced the printing press to England, where he became the first major printer of English language books. The two Chaucer editions can be viewed separately or, alternatively, the digital images from each can be contrasted and compared, side by side. Users can also print the pages. Other features of this interesting website include: a timeline; a glossed bibliography concentrating on Caxton and the printing trade, including his use of the English language; links to other Chaucer resources online; information pages on the British Library's holdings of the actual books; and substantial amounts of background information about Caxton.
This is the website for the Center for Bibliographical Studies and Research at the University of California (Riverside). The center is dedicated to the history of the book and of newspapers from their earliest manifestations to the recent digital revolution. The site gives users access to four major databases. The 'California Newspaper Project' and the 'California Digital Newspaper Collection' are part of the National Digital Newspaper Program, which represents newspapers from all states first published between 1836 and 1922. The 'California Newspaper Project' identifies and preserves California newspapers. The 'California Digital Newspaper Collection' website also posts learning materials and a number of articles outlining the history of newspapers in California, as well as future projected problems anticipated given the changes to printing and publishing brought about by the digitisation of sources. The still-to-be-completed English Short-Title Catalogue is also posted here and provides a searchable bibliographic record of over 400,000 titles of "every surviving copy of letterpress produced in England or any of its dependencies in any language, worldwide, from 1473-1800"; it also includes books, newsbooks, newspapers and periodicals, "printed in English anywhere else in the world during that period." This database draws from over 2,200 libraries worldwide, including the British Library and the American Antiquarian Society, and each catalogue title lists its locations in these institutions in microfilm, digital, and other facsimile versions. In addition, researchers will find here the 'Catálogo Colectivo de Impresos Latinoamericanos hasta 1851,' a Latin American Short-Title Catalogue which is developing a digital database with access to all Latin American imprints produced up to 1851. All databases are constantly being expanded, and current versions may be searched on this open-access site, making it a highly valuable resource for researchers at all levels in English, Latin-American or American history and literature.
This is the website of the Center for the Book at the Library of Congress. The centre was founded in 1977 in order to preserve books; stimulate public interest in reading; encourage an understanding of history of reading, libraries and literacy; and promote bibliographical research. While the centre was created by Congress and the Library of Congress, it also enjoys support from corporations and individuals. The centre is a leading member of a broad network of some 250 related organisations. The homepage presents links to several sections, including: annual reports; centre Webcasts, which require a Realplayer download; current projects; press releases, news and forthcoming and current events; a bibliography of the centre's publications, comprising databases, some full text documents, and interesting publications, reports, manuals and monographs on the history of the book, of publishing, of libraries, and of dictionaries; and literary events, writing competitions, and book festivals, notably the National Book Festival. The site additionally posts beautiful electronic versions of many texts, among them: William Blake's Book of Urizen; and rare children's books, including a 1909 edition of The Arabian Nights, and A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, Mother Goose, and The Three Bears, all from the turn from the 19th to 20th century.
This is the homepage of Centre for Early Modern studies at University of Oxford, which comprises the former Web portal, Early Modern Web at Oxford. The Centre, set up by Oxford's English Faculty, anticipates interdisciplinary research beyond literary studies. News and Current Events sections summarise termly events, exhibitions, lectures, conferences and research completed by affiliated scholars. Subpages on 'Research Interests' cover literary and historical studies spanning the period from the Renaissance to the eighteenth-century; these include: Shakespeare; history of the book; intellectual history; literature and history; women and writing; reception of classical literature; literature and religion; and editing. These sub-sites are bolstered by scanned images from Oxford collections, including some pages from the second edition of Milton's Paradise Lost. There are annotated links here to Oxford research projects, major academic Web resources and short bibliographies for the study of Britain and Ireland in the period 1550-1780. The site additionally lists affiliated faculty, postdoctoral and postgraduate researchers, as well as relevant Oxford degree programmes.
This is the website of the Centre for Editorial and Intertextual Research (CEIR) at the Cardiff School of English, Communication and Philosophy, Cardiff University. The centre is dedicated to textual and bibliographical research in the field of English literary studies. The site has information about events and colloquia; research opportunities and networks; visiting speakers and scholars; post-graduate and post-doctoral posts; latest news; courses; CEIR personnel; and CEIR publications. Two online journals are available through the site, 'Romantic Textualities: Literature and Print Culture, 1780-1840' and the 'Journal of Illustration Studies' (JOIS), which was launched in late 2007. Both periodicals are available in full text versions online. Research projects and related publications posted here offer good online databases and many primary source images that will also serve as undergraduate teaching tools and study aids, especially for their bibliographical content and explanatory essays. Some projects are complete, while others are still current and being updated. All deal mainly with nineteenth-century literature; they include: A Database of Mid-Victorian Wood-Engraved Illustrations; British Fiction, 1800–1829: A Database of Production, Circulation and Reception; and The English Novel, 1830–1836: A Survey of Prose Fiction Published in the British Isles.
This is the homepage of the Centre for Manuscript and Print Studies (CMPS), which was founded in 2001 at the Institute of English Studies, University of London on behalf of the British Library; the St Bride Printing Library; the University of London Research Library Services; the English Department at the University of Birmingham; the School of English at the University of Reading; and the Literature Department at the Open University. The Centre covers a diverse range of fields such as: palaeography; codicology; diplomatic writing and calligraphy; the history of printing; manuscript and print relations; the history of publishing and of the book trade; ephemera studies; the history of reading; the history of libraries; collecting and scholarship; analytical, descriptive and historical bibliography; textual criticism and textual theory; and the electronic book. The CMPS serves as a resource for the international community of scholars (including undergraduate and postgraduate students); the site provides news of events such as conferences, seminars, exhibitions, and summer schools such as the Centre's annual Palaeography Summer School and London Rare Book School. Information and progress reports are provided about CMPS research projects, most of which receive funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). Several of the more developed projects have their own sites, including: the Complete Works of John Ford; the Catalogue of English Literary Manuscripts 1450-1700 (CELM); and the Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts (DigCIM); Philo-Bibliographical Notes and Queries; Early Paper; John Masefield Virtual Research Environment; the William Sharp "Fiona Macleod" Archive; and the Yeats Annual Series. The Centre additionally hosts the AHRC National Research Training Scheme (NRTS) in English Language and Literature, Palaeography and the History of the Book. Links to related sites and partner institutions are included. The Web pages are uncomplicated and easy to follow.
The website of the University of Edinburgh's Centre for the History of the Book (CHB), gives information on an international and interdisciplinary unit for advanced research into all aspects of the material culture of the text. The site includes information on: personnel; projects; events; fellowships; courses; and links to other sites of interest. The site also provides back issues of the Centre's newsletter, and recent items of related news concerning scholarship on the history of the book. The site would be of value to students and scholars researching book history or manuscript history.
This online, 181-page Adobe PDF document presents the Final Report on a 2001 research project at the Centre for the Public Library and Information in Society, which is part of the Department of Information Studies at the University of Sheffield. The project, entitled, "Checking the Books: The Value and Impact of Public Library Book Reading," aimed to investigate use and perception of reading materials borrowed from public libraries and the role of public libraries in society. The impact of library book reading was evaluated through analysing the views of people who read non-reference material borrowed from public libraries. In tandem with this information, library stock and the library infrastructure were also investigated in order to ascertain their impact on those using the library. Positive and negative influences on the reader were discovered, and also the factors that prevented the library from realising its full potential. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme. The site remains active as a resource for researchers in library studies.
This website provides a series of lecture notes and slides used in teaching an undergraduate course in the history of children's literature at Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis. The course traces the development of children's books and their illustration from the Orbis Sensualium Pictus of the seventeenth century up to Beatrix Potter in the first decade of the twentieth. The site is divided into 23 discrete sections each dealing with a particular publisher, author, illustrator, or format. Each page of the site contains a text article explaining the significance of that person or topic, alongside images of old editions of relevant publications. There are pages on important figures such as John Newbery, George Cruikshank, William Blake, Edward Lear, John Tenniel, and Kate Greenaway. Subjects receiving special attention include the hornbook, chapbooks, Mother Goose, Puritan literature, the rational moralists, and Shock-Headed Peter. Most of the image slide can be magnified. The site also contains a good bibliography of secondary sources; the primary source images and information are taken from the Elizabeth Ball collection of children's books in the Lilly Library at Indiana University in Bloomington.
The Children's Literature Digital Collection is an online collection of selected texts (some full-text) from a specialist collection held by Roehampton University Library. The physical collection is used to support the work of the National Centre for Research in Children's Literature, and consists of: reference books; journals; and children's literature from the 19th and 20th centuries. The digital collection comprises a small part of the collection, but would be of interest to book historians as well as those researching English literature and educational studies. Works on the site include: 'Black Ivory' by R. M. Ballantyne; 'With Clive in India' by G. A. Henty; and 'Countess Kate' by Charlotte Yonge. The works are provided either as separate chapters or as one file in PDF format. Synopses and bibliographical information are also provided for each work.
'Classic crime fiction' is a website aimed at readers and book collectors, with a useful range of information for English researchers. It is divided into sections including: a 'Mystery Books Wanted' feature, of interest primarily to book collectors. Of more use to researchers are other features of the site. These include Detective Fiction Bibliographies, a detailed list of works sorted by author or title and a Dust Jacket Artists database, which attempts not only to catalogue the work of known artists but piece together information on artwork currently not attributed to any artist. Also available are a large collection of articles on subjects ranging from the major publishing houses associated with crime fiction, to authors known only for one significant work, to translation of underworld slang. Biographies and articles on the writers of crime fiction may be found on the site, alongside details of the recipients of various awards for writing and publishing in the genre. A search engine is a useful feature for locating specific requirements, although the site is easy to navigate as a whole and is regularly updated. The site contains advertising.
This website describes the Collaborative Program in Book History and Print Culture at the University of Toronto. The programme is set up for postgraduate students involved in masters or doctoral research in various disciplines, but whose topics share a common interest in the physical, cultural, or theoretical aspects of the book. This interdisciplinary approach brings together the expertise of faculty members from across the University of Toronto in English, History, Modern Languages, Information Studies, Music, Medieval Studies and other departments. The website provides links to the degree programmes and course details, application procedures and administrative information, libraries, directories of faculty and students, and a short list of Web resources. The site also features a list of links.
Collective Biographies of Women is a comprehensive online annotated bibliography of more than 900 collective biographies (biographies that cover the lives of at least three inidividuals per work) published in English between 1830 and 1940. The women covered by this bibliography include: historical; literary; legendary; and biblical figures from many different periods and is based on Alison Booth's book 'How to Make it as a Woman: Collective Biographical History from Victoria to the Present'. The bibliography can by browsed alphabetically by author and also searched by: keyword; title; author; place of publication; and editor, illustrator or translator. Individual entries give publication details for each printing of the work that could be traced, enabling an overview of the popularity of the subject matter as well as the concerns of particular publishers. The site also provides a 'pop chart' of the most popular female subjects during the period covered by the bibliography. Future plans for the project include the creation of an image gallery covering collections included in the bibliography. The resource is easy to use and well presented, and highlights a somewhat neglected sub-genre of biography. Students and researchers working in prosopography would find this resource useful, as would those studying the history of the book or English literature.
The Database of Bookbindings website, from the British Library, provides an excellent searchable online resource of the internationally significant collection of historic bindings available at the British Library. The database includes selected bindings on West European printed books from the early modern and modern periods. Casual researchers can browse the collection's gallery, which includes outstanding scanned images. The site is additionally useful to those who have an interest in bookbinding, or who may wish to identify bindings. The database can be searched using a simple keyword search or advanced features, including facilities to search by: bookbinder; ownership marks; country; cover material; colour; edges; decorative techniques; style; type; or period. Search hints are posted for the database, and a link is provided to the online version of: 'Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books. A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology' by Matt. T. Roberts and Don Etherington, for unfamiliar terms. Some records have expandable thumbnail-sized scanned images. Maximum enlargement provides a wonderful image, where the texture and graining of the bindings is clearly visible. A bibliography of useful books on bookbinding is present, and there is also a comprehensive list of related links to other sites of interest.
This website, 'A Digital Catalogue of Watermarks and Type Ornaments Used by William Stansby in the Printing of 'The Workes of Beniamin Jonson,' (London 1616)," is an online scholarly resource which provides information about, and scanned images of, the watermarks and ornaments used in William Stansby's edition of Ben Jonson's works. Also provided here are brief analyses of the watermarks and ornaments found on paper used in the Stansby Jonson folio, as well as a comprehensive annotated bibliography of books published by Stansby and a brief biography of the publisher himself. This site would be of interest to anyone studying the history of the book or printing history.
The Dime Novels and Penny Dreadfuls website has been developed by the Stanford University Library to provide access to their holdings of particular nineteenth- and early twentieth-century ephemera known as dime novel series and story papers. The site currently allows browsing by title and by various categories, for instance, by geographic setting, to over 8,000 individual items in the collection. Full online access with full-text search to nine selected texts provides samples to the two genres popular among working-class audiences in America and Britain. Visitors to the site can also view over 2,000 large, high-quality images of cover art for bibliographic purposes, as well as many thumbnails. A visually enhanced timeline is provided to chart and contextualise the rise and fall of these once widely circulated genres. In addition, three guided tours are available to familiarise readers with the printing processes of black and white reproduction used in dime novels and story papers.This site introduces scholars and students to these neglected genres and lists the texts that are available for further research at Stanford University.
Early English Books Online (EEBO) is a digital collection of over 125,000 books published between 1473 and 1700. Works include: novels; prayer books; pamphlets and proclamations; almanacs; calendars; and many other primary sources, providing opportunities for research across: history; literature; religion; music; science; mathematics and the arts of Renaissance and seventeenth-century England. The literary content of the database includes works by writers such as: Malory; Shakespeare; More; Locke; Behn; Dryden; Bacon; Erasmus; and Galileo. A powerful search engine enables the user to search fields including: author; title; printer; publication date; type of illustration; and Library of Congress subject heading. The results may then be viewed as scalable images, downloaded as PDF documents, or, in some cases, viewed as text files. Full bibliographic details are provided for each text. The resolution at which the books have been scanned is high, providing a good level of detail at some expense to download speed. Early English Books Online is a subscription service available to UK HE/FE institutions under a national license agreement negotiated by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This resource would be of interest to those interested in book history, as well as anyone studying one of the early texts presented on the site.
'Eclipse' is an elegantly-presented open archive offering... "digital facsimiles of the most radical small-press writing from the last quarter century". The website is free and offers full-text items. The extensive archive can be browsed by title or author, and items may be read online (as scanned images in TIF format) or downloaded in PDF format. Each item is usually accompanied by very short biographical and contextual details. Eclipse is made freely available by the Department of English at the University of Utah, and the website states that the project also aims to publish new book-length works. This will be a useful website for those engaged in areas such as artists' books, performative writing, literary criticism, book design and typography.
The website, Electronic Books: Children's Reading Practices and Comprehension, describes a project which ran at Loughborough University until March 2004. The project aimed to investigate children's reading skills and experiences with electronic books. The primary tasks of the project were to ascertain the extent to which children currently read printed and ebooks, and whether the medium of presentation affects their reading and enjoyment; the project focused on children between the ages of 9 and 11. The term, 'electronic book,' is clearly defined here and research methods and findings are outlined. The website also features useful links to pages featuring ebooks for children. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the research grants scheme. Those who have an interest in a more contemporary aspect of History of the Book, in children's literacy, or the readership of electronic books will find this site useful.
Early Renaissance in Context (ERIC) is a website that has been developed as electronic courseware for English literature students, with an emphasis on Shakespeare and the early-modern printed book. Two types of resource are provided by ERIC: two sets of multimedia tutorials (Flash-based) on 'Shakespeare in Context' and 'The Early Modern Material Text'; and a database of facsimiles of early printed texts from the University of Pennsylvania's Furness Shakespeare Library. 'Shakespeare in Context' includes tutorials on: Romeo & Juliet; Richard III; the Merchant of Venice; and King Lear, while 'The Early Modern Material Text' focuses on: 'Looking at Older Books'; 'Making Books'; 'Folios, Quartos and Publishing'; and ''Editing and "Unediting"'. The tutorials help to put their subjects into historical context, for example through discussion of each play's performance history, or providing images from the early texts as illustration. The facsimiles database gives access to scanned images of early printed editions of Shakespeare's works, and is searchable by: author; title; or date range, and can also be browsed by author or title. Multiple versions of texts may be compared on-screen. This is an excellent example of the Internet being used to facilitate learning in an innovative and involving manner, and would be of interest not only to English students, but also to theatre historians and those interested in the history of the book. The project is the work of the University of Pennsylvania, and is funded by The National Endowment for the Humanities.
The website, European illustrated books and manuscripts, c.1400-1700, is compiled by Takami Matsuda of the Department of English and American Literature, Keio University. It is an excellent online exhibition of manuscripts and printed books from the university's library. The site is in Japanese and English and is divided into the following sections: illustrations from Cesare Ripa's Iconografia; manuscripts and printed leaves from Keio University Library; subject index; author index; and index by place of publication. Thus the site can be effectively searched. The books and manuscripts are accompanied by commentary in Japanese, which requires a language pack to be downloaded. A useful map allows the user to select resources according to their place of publication. The collection includes: classical works; emblemata; fable books; chronicles; histories; medieval romances; almanacs; and bibles. Among the holdings are editions of works by: Beze; Ripa; Bacon; La Fontaine; Holinshed; Lipsius; and Dante. The site is a great resource for those studying or researching early modern history, manuscript studies, or history of the book.
'First Scottish Books' is a website published as part of the Digital Library section of the National Library of Scotland's Web pages. The site offers access to digitised copies of the nine earliest books printed in Scotland, which were produced in the early sixteenth century by Edinburgh based merchant Walter Chepman and bookseller Andrew Myllar. Images of the complete books are provided, with the texts featured including: 'The Porteous of Nobleness'; 'Golagrus and Gawain'; John Lydgate's 'Rhyme without Accord'; 'Eglamour'; 'Balade'; William Dunbar's 'The Golden Targe'; 'De regimine principum bonum concilium'; 'The Complaint of the Black Knight' and 'When by Divine Deliberation' by John Lydgate; William Dunbar's 'The Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedy'; and 'A Gest of Robyn Hode'. The facsimile images are displayed with a side-by-side transcript. In addition to the texts users can also access information about: the digitisation project; the provenance and binding of the original books; and the place of the texts in the history of European printing. This outstanding site would be of great interest to anyone studying book history.
The Fossils: The Historians of Amateur Journalism is a North American organisation and archive dedicated to research on the amateur journalism movement and its authors. The organisation gives free online access to 'The Fossil', a full-text ejournal. At April 2010 the free online issues of The Fossil run from 2004 to January 2010. Some issues are made up largely of short association news, obituaries and notes - but others contain substantial scholarly articles (e.g.: a ten page article on Lovecraft in the July 2009 issue). The website also contains archived articles from the American Private Press Association, and a history of the Library of Amateur Journalism, together with the expected details of membership fees and contact details. The Fossils website will be a useful contact point for researchers interested in the history of fan cultures, fantasy and science-fiction fandom, and the history of small press publishing in the USA.
Galactic Central is a website devoted to listing science fiction author bibliographies and fiction magazines. The site, compiled by Phil Stephensen-Payne, is divided into three sections: bibliographies of science fiction, fantasy and horror authors; a comprehensive list of more than 7000 fiction magazines (at the time of writing); and oddments regarding bibliographies of other fiction authors. The bibliographies are not available online, generally consisting of descriptions of published books, but would be useful to those researching science fiction. The magazine lists cover a wider range of subjects, including: pulp; adventure; love story; crime; mens and little magazines and would appeal to anyone studying these topics, or researching magazine publication more generally. Images of magazine covers are often included in the magazine lists, together with: publication dates; price; and publisher information. The contents of the site can be browsed by author or title, as appropriate, but there is no dedicated search facility. The lists on the site are still in progress, and the site's creator is keen to hear from anyone with similar interests or who can contribute to information provided.
This website, The Girl's Own Paper Index, is administered by Tom Ward from the School of Mathematics at the University of East Anglia. The site contains an online index, expanding upon a previously published source compiled by Honor Ward, concerning all the fiction stories and non-fiction articles from the weekly young women's magazine 'Girl's Own Paper,' covering the period 1880 to 1941 (Volumes 1 to 62). The periodical also featured an annual special edition prepared for the Christmas market. The paper featured a mixture of fiction, improving articles, poetry, music, coloured illustrations, and 'answers to correspondents'. This website describes the history of the paper and provides indexes to its fiction and non-fiction content, listed by author name and title. It does not provide the full-texts of the original articles. There are, however, some scanned sample illustrations from the paper, selected responses to correspondents, and bibliographies of contributors. There are also several short articles about the format of the paper, the development of the indexes, and the winter and summer extras. A separate page lists libraries with significant runs of the 'Girl's Own Paper.' The site is fully searchable and should prove a useful resource for those studying Victorian and early twentieth-century girls' periodicals, or considering gender construction and cultural studies during that period.
Granary Books is a New York-based publisher of "artists' books, poetry and the documentation thereof" who also deal in "literary and art libraries and archives of the sixties and seventies". The Granary Books publications catalogue is available online, containing bibliographic details, extended descriptions and cover images. The website has several articles available, as well as three interviews with Steve Clay. There are also details of services offered by Granary, including lectures, collection development, archives and rare books. There is also information on how to buy Granary book and a mission statement from Granary Books publications.
HoBo (formerly History of the Book @ Oxford) was launched on the Web in 1996 in order to provide a list of Oxford-based events relating to book history, along with details of some relevant local resources. The site is now national in scope, aiming to cover all events, conferences, and announcements relevant to research in the history of the book throughout the UK. In addition to its function of keeping the academic community up to date with the latest events in the field of book and printing history, the website also provides a directory of Oxford scholars and librarians with a registered interest in the history of the book, and links to related websites. The contents of over twenty journals that regularly publish articles on the history of the book may be searched from the site, with full bibliographical details for each. The site also provides access to the Don McKenzie (1931-1999) home page. McKenzie was Professor of Bibliography & Textual Criticism at the University of Oxford from 1989 to 1996 and this home page was created in his honour.
The website of the Hockliffe Project consists of a fully searchable catalogue of the Hockliffe Collection of early British children's books held at De Montfort University. The project's aim is to promote the study of early British children's literature, and the collection contains books published between the 1680s and the 1940s (with the majority of books were published between 1780 and 1840). From the catalogue, users have access to digital images of all or parts of more than 250 books. The images are accompanied by critical and contextualising essays. The site also includes an essay introducing early British children's literature, and pages of links to other useful Internet resources in the field. The project originally received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme. This resource would be of interest to those studying the history of the book and also English literature.
The website of the Holinshed Project gives information on the project's aims and current activities. The project's ultimate aim (subject to future funding) is to produce a new fifteen-volume edition of Raphael Holinshed's 'Chronicles', a history of England written in the 16th century, thought to have been a major source for some of Shakespeare's most famous plays. Currently the project is developing a parallel electronic edition of two versions of the Chronicles, printed in 1577 and 1587 (to be placed on the website when completed) as well as a handbook to the Chronicles and a series of working papers. The website provides a number of papers, as well as: a description of the project; a selection of sample texts from the books; a bibliography (in progress); and some related links. This site would be of interest to early modern history scholars, as well as those studying English Literature and the history of the book.
The International Cities of Refuge Network (ICORN) is an international organisation for persecuted writers, and operates as an "association of cities and regions around the world dedicated to the value of Freedom of Expression." The website has details of the organisation, its aims and membership, its events and festivals, featured writers, and contact details. Cities of refuge which currently host or are about to host a writer are listed. Of special note is ICORN's Shahrazad project, a multi-annual co-operative undertaking sponsored by the EU and the cities of Barcelona, Brussels, Frankfurt, Norwich, Stockholm and Stavanger. The aim is to spark a trans-national telling of stories, and to "bring new, original and challenging stories from all over the world into Europe. These are stories created, told and passed on by poets, journalists, novelists, editors, cartoonists, translators and essayists who, persecuted and silenced in their homelands, have been or will be granted refuge in European cities." The ICORN online journal, 'Babel' is fully archived on the site, running back to autumn 2006. The 'Babel webzine' sidebar gives free access to many profiles of writers, poems, testimonies, essays on inter-cultural communication, region profiles, and spoken audio files. The webzine can be searched by keyword. A quarterly ICORN Newsletters in PDF format is available on the website. In addition, the site provides a list of relevant links.
The Illustrated Shakespeare Online website consists primarily of scanned images of the complete three volume Verplanck edition of Shakespeare (published in 1847). Additional resources include: scans of a 'Shakespeare Rare Print Collection'; Shakespeare articles from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica and the Century Cyclopedia; the complete works of Edmund Spenser; and scans of a selection of other Elizabethan plays (including works by: Christopher Marlowe; Thomas Dekker; Thomas Kyd; and John Webster among others). All works are provided in DjVu format. The site includes a full concordance search of all the texts and would be of interest to: book historians; English literature; and those studying drama in a historical context. This site is related to the Cambridge Edition of the Poets.
This website explores the illustration history of Samuel Richardson's eighteenth-century novel, 'Pamela'. 'Pamela' was commercially successful, and was published in many editions during the century. This site looks at five illustrated editions: the first edition, and the editions of 1741, 1742, 1779, and 1875. The known illustrators include I. Carnithman, Hubert Gravelot, and Francis Hayman, although many of the illustrations are by anonymous artists. The website includes background information about Richardson's novel, describing his sources of inspiration, his innovations in the genre, and the publication history of the text. There is also a brief overview of Richardson's career as a printer and writer. Images are provided of the illustrations from the five featured editions, with side-by-side comparisons of frequently illustrated scenes. Other sections of the site look at eighteenth-century book illustrations more generally, the illustration techniques employed during the period, and changes and developments in printing. There is also a short bibliography of sources. This is a well-constructed site that contains a good deal of interesting material.
Incunabula and the Keio University Library Collection is a website highlighting the University's collection of early printed books. The University's holdings are not extensive, but contain such important works as a Bible printed by Johann Gutenberg and 'Chronicles of England' printed by William Caxton. The website consists of an introduction to the University's collection, and a 'table of incunabula' - a list of around 60 works, each accompanied by a thumbnail. Clicking on these thumbnails produces a bibliographical description of the volume owned by the University, together with a more general description of the text, and selected digital images from the printed book. These last can be enlarged by clicking on the thumbnails provided, but it should be noted that there are problems with this function in some Web browsers. The works are listed in the table in order of acquisition, which can be a little confusing. This site would be of interest to students of printing history and medieval studies.
The Infancy of Printing is an online exhibition relating to the history of early printing up to 1501. The exhibition, hosted by the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee Libraries, highlights the incunabula held by the Golda Meir Library in particular, and is illustrated with images of items from its small collection of early printed books. exhibition is prefaced by a short overview of the Library's collection, and an explanation of how the exhibition was created. The main exhibition is divided into three parts: 'The Manuscript Tradition and the Transition to Printing'; 'Sacred Texts'; and 'Secular Texts'. 'The Manuscript Tradition and the Transition to Printing' focuses on the work of Johan Gutenberg and its similarity to contemporary manuscripts. 'Sacred Texts' highlights texts such as: 'De Civitate Dei' by St Augustine; the Latin Bible; and Pope Gregory IX's 'Decretales'. The discussion of 'Secular Texts' includes works such as Caxton's printing of 'The Canterbury Tales' and Anton Koberger's edition of 'De Imagine Mundi' among others. The exhibition is rounded off by a section entitled: 'The World of the Renaissance Print Shop', by Merry Wiesner-Hanks, which is the text of a public lecture given by Wiesner-Hanks in association with the exhibition. This site would make a good introduction to incunabula and to early printing for those with a general interest or for history students new to the topic.
The International Paper Historians' (IPH) website gives information on this society, its work, and its membership. The IPH's aim is to bring together all those working with or interested in the history of paper, such as: historians; archivists; book restorers; paper conservators; publishers; and printers. The society runs bi-annual international congresses and provides a yearbook for members, as well as facilitating international contact among those with related interests. The website provides details on: relevant forthcoming events; a list of council members; how to join the society; relevant publications; watermark standards; related museums worldwide; and related news. This site would be of interest to book and art historians, as well as anyone working professionally with books or paper.
The Female Tatler was one of the first English periodicals intended primarily for women. Published during 1709 and 1710, it contained satirical and morally edifying observations on contemporary life and mores. This website describes the Female Tatler's content and places it in its historical context. It contains sample primary texts and short essays on the periodical's authorship, publication, and readership. These essays include hypertext links to footnotes and a glossary. There are also more general essays on early eighteenth-century periodical marketing; the historical, political and social context of the Female Tatler; and the genealogy of the periodicals of the era. A large section of the site is devoted to the key topics the magazine addressed, such as gossip, decorum, celebrity, wit, beauty, fashion, and marriage. There is a short but annotated bibliography of secondary sources and a discussion of the Female Tatler's possible influence on later modern and current-day publications, such as the women's fashion magazine, Tatler. This is a well-written resource that should be of interest to undergraduates studying the development of the English periodical or the Female Tatler more specifically. 'Issuing Her Own' was developed by postgraduate students at the University of Michigan as part of the broader 'Eighteenth-Century England' project.
John Milton and seventeenth century culture accompanies an exhibition at the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections at the Thomas Cooper Library, University of South Carolina which was organised by Patrick Scott. The site is mainly biographical, and its chief interest lies in the references to rare seventeenth century volumes which prompt each biographical detail. One of the greatest and most influential English poets, Milton, was a Puritan and used his writing to advocate the cause of the Parliamentarians during the Civil War. The sections of the website are divided into Milton's early years; Italy and the 1640s; his involvement in the Civil War; Paradise Lost and his other major works, such as Paradise Regained and Samson Agonistes; his posthumous reputation from the time of his death to the nineteenth century; and a selective bibliography.
Professor Robin Halston's comprehensive Library History Database lists over 27,000 private, public and commercial libraries in the British Isles from the late Middle Ages to 1850. The data can be accessed by location or type of library, and is accompanied by sections providing statistics on the distribution of institutional and commercial libraries, information on the sources used, indexes of place names and library names, and a page dedicated to women in the book trade. Of particular note are the resources here for Country House Libraries and the Elizabethan Society for Antiquaries. Although the navigation can be quite slow due to the sheer size of the files and the lack of an in-built search facility, the contents of the site will not disappoint and the database will prove a great aid for researchers working on Book History, English Studies, or general Cultural Studies projects. At the time of last review, the site noted that the database would soon be transferred to the Institute of English Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London.
Literature for Children is a collection of digitised images and texts from 19th and 20th-century American and British children's books. The collection draws from the Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature (Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, University of Florida), as well as from collections held in the Departments of Special Collections at: the Florida Atlantic University; Florida State University; and the University of South Florida. The site provides images from around 600 works, some consisting of full texts, and others of sample pages and the covers. The images are of good quality, and are provided as JPEG and PDF files. Some of the materials are available for educational use only, while others are subject to copyright or in the public domain. The size of the collection allows for some comparison between editions of the same work (for example several versions of 'Robinson Crusoe' by Daniel Defoe are included), as well as providing a variety of types of work, ranging from picture books to collections of rhymes, to novels. Items can be browsed by title and author, and searched by title or author keyword, or by keywords within the full text. The website describes the collections, and also provides copyright information and related links. This resource would interest book historians, as well as those researching or studying children's fiction and English and American literature.
'Literature North West' is the north west of England's independent publishing network website. The site works to promote regional authors and publications, from internationally distributed poetry publishers to small original local magazines, with photography and graphic novels represented as well as written material. The website offers a useful resource to creative and academic writers researching publishing opportunities. The site links to 'Publishing North West', which provides details of all the independent publishing enterprise in the north east network, establishing the background, material published and track record, to enable writers to choose the correct organisation to approach. Well-known names such as 'Carcanet' and 'Headland' are among the book publishers listed, with 'Orbis' and 'The Reader' among the magazines. The main literature site also provides details of live literature events in the region, and an alphabetical list of authors currently promoting their work (with brief biographies of each). The site offers insight into the impressive range of regional publishing activity outside London, and is supported by Arts Council England North West.
The website Locating Pre-1800 Imprints, British and American is part of Cornell University Library's Web pages and provides indices to microform sets and links to online databases. Most of the collections are not accessible to non-Cornell users, but the bibliographical data is useful to those researching British or American works prior to 1800. In particular this page is useful for students beginning primary source work, as an introduction to where the sources are to be found. The American section includes Early American imprints (Evans and Shaw Shoemaker), based on Evan's American Bibliography, which contained the full-text of all known books, pamphlets, and broadsides printed in the US (including British American colonies) from 1639 to 1800. There is also information on early American newspapers, and early encounters in North America.The British section features: early English books from 1475 to 1700; the Thomason tracts; eighteenth century works; Stationer's Company registers; early English newspapers; and renaissance and medieval literary manuscripts. There is also a section on European incunabula.
The London Book Trades is a database of individuals active in the publishing industry in London from the time of the introduction of printing up to 1830. The database is the work of Michael L. Turner of the School of Advanced Study in London, and at the time of writing the resource contained over 30,000 entries, with additions ongoing. The database is currently only available as a Microsoft Access file, which takes some time to download due to its size. A text index of the names in the database is available on the site, which can help users to do basic name searches in order to evaluate whether to download the larger file. Those interested in book history can register for email updates of new additions to the database. A web-based version of this database is being developed by the Bibliographical Society and the Oxford Biblographical Society, which should make this resource easier to use in future.
'Magic Pencil' was a British Council exhibition of children's book illustrations hosted by the British Library in 2002 and 2003. This website features some of the highlights from the exhibition, along with short interviews with the illustrators Patrick Benson and Angela Barrett. Thirteen artists are included on the site, with a separate Web page dedicated to each. Each page provides a sample illustration and a short article describing the artist's education, inspiration, and technique. These include comments from the artists themselves about the way they work and the materials they use. Featured artists include: Quentin Blake (the illustrator of many of Roald Dahl's books); Raymond Briggs; Charlotte Voake; Posy Simmonds; Stephen Biesty; and Tony Ross. Although the content of this site is not extensive, it should nevertheless be of interest to those studying the illustration of modern British children's literature. A news section provides updated details on the presentation of this exhibition internationally, as well as recent support materials for teachers of the English language, which have been added to the site.
The website of Mark Twain in His Times is a well-designed electronic archive of texts and information about the American author Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens, 1835-1910). It was created by Stephen Railton to provide access to the resources of the Barrett Collection of American Literature at the University of Virginia Library. Primary materials about Clemens have been digitised and organised and the site has five search functions. Searchable primary texts include: Mark Twain's works; contemporary reviews; and advertisements. This has evolved into interactive, virtual exhibitions, which explore: the issue of the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and racism through the various American illustrations of Jim; and what is gained and lost when a narrative text (such as Innocents Abroad) is translated into a hypertext map and is "reconceptualized in graphic (and geographic) terms that allow readers to move into and out of it in nonlinear ways". The site is organised into sections that investigate aspects of the career of Mark Twain in his time: Samuel Clemens as Mark Twain focuses on the issues of his identity and popular image; Marketing Twain focuses on the particular ways in which his texts were published, promoted and sold; Mark Twain On Stage focuses on his career as a live performer, and the issue of performance in his work. The other sections are each organised around specific major texts including, among others: Innocents Abroad; Roughing It; Pudd'nhead Wilson; the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn; Tom Sawyer; and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. There are guidelines to help users navigate the collection more easily and effectively.
Medieval Forum is an online journal concerned with providing an arena for discussion on aspects of medieval studies. Edited by Professor George Tuma and Dinah Hazell of San Francisco State University, the website provides full-text access to the articles in all of its annual volumes, starting in 2002 and running to 2007, which touch on: Icelandic sagas; Old English literature; the Bible; and Chaucer, among other subjects. As of 2007 the journal has ceased to call for new submissions, and there are no new volumes planned. Interdisciplinary and historical in emphasis, the resources on the Medieval Forum website remain of interest to students of medieval English literature, history and theology. Contact details for previous contributors are provided.
This online resource from the Electronic Text Center produced by the University of Virginia Library is dedicated to the novel 'Middlemarch' by George Eliot (Mary Anne Evans). It provides information about the novel's critical reception in two time periods: from 1871 to 1880, and from 1881-1891. The site posts a publication history of the novel and further includes a footnoted biography of the novelist's life and a good annotated bibliography of contemporary and modern critical works. The site is possibly of most interest to students of Victorian literature or nineteenth-century gender studies. Navigation of the site is slightly hampered by an uneven use of menus and frames.
Manifest O is part of the National Association for Literature Development (NALD) website. The main NALD site includes information on membership, events, links and recent news. While access to most of the NALD site is restricted to members, there is an archive here of public articles on literary professional development that are fully accessible. The 'Manifest O' pages particularly contain what are described as 'thinking papers,' which arose out of a conference in 2004, when over one hundred practitioners working in the field of literature met to discuss 'who we are and what we do.' The delegates included literature development officers, promoters, festival directors, librarians, writers and funders. The papers included are likely to be of interest to a wide range of researchers in literature-related areas, including education and performance. The papers cover a comprehensive consideration of the nature and role of literature development. Titles include 'Writer Development' by Claire Malcolm; 'Audience/Reader Development' by Chris Meade; 'Community Development: the use of literature as a tool in developing communities' by Emma Hewett; 'International Literature and Translation Activity' by Kate Griffin; 'Live Literature' by Ruth Borthwick; 'Storytelling in 2004' by Adrian Johnston; and 'Publishing and Selling Books' by Emma Hargrave. Articles contextualising the work of Manifest O may also be found by Naomi Wilds, Gary McKeone and Gavin Wallace; a feature on professional development by Philippa Johnston is also posted. These NALD pages are generally straightforward to use.
This is the homepage of National Book Critics Circle, an organisation originally established in 1974. The Circle is an American group of over 700 book reviewers who have set up this website in order to communicate with one another about reviewing and editing concerns. Students and enthusiasts of contemporary literature and criticism would find this website interesting, as it contains full-length articles about issues surrounding reviewing, publishing and editing. It also contains information about the books and authors to which awards have been honoured, such as William Gass and Ian McEwan. Postgraduates and researchers wishing to get book reviews published would also find this site useful, as it provides the opportunity to submit work. Finally, a page of links to other pages involved with books and criticism. These links are up to date and of good quality.
The Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (ncse) is a free, online scholarly edition of six nineteenth-century newspapers and journals. The edition is the result of a collaboration between: Birkbeck; King’s College London; the British Library; and Olive Software. The serials included on the site are: 'The Monthly Repository of Theology and General Literature'; 'The Northern Star'; 'The Leader'; 'The English Woman's Journal'; 'The Tomahawk'; and 'The Publishers' Circular', and for each of these the site provides a fairly detailed introduction and history. Issues of the serials are available to view as transcripts or as high quality facsimiles which can be: enlarged for easier reading on the site; downloaded as PDF files; or printed off. The text and images in these publications can also be browsed by subject, or searched by keyword. The website also provides: a general introduction to the project; an editorial commentary; and a technical introduction to the edition. This resource would be a valuable research tool for those studying the cultural history or literature of the period, or the history of print media.
Part of the British Library's website, 'Turning the Pages' presents digitised texts of books, missals, psalters, atlases and other important documents that are held at the British Library. Based on the award-winning interactive display system used within the library itself to provide virtual public access to these rare texts which include: Leonardo Da Vinci's notebook; the Lindisfarne Gospels; the Sherbourne Missal; and Sultan Baybars' Qur'an. To view the books that are listed, a Macromedia Shockwave plug-in is required - although there are alternative versions for some of the texts. The Shockwave versions provides interactive animation that allows the user to turn the pages digitally, and also use zoom features to look at sections in detail. An introduction is provided for each book, along with audio descriptions of each page, which requires the use of a Real Audio player. Also of interest is a "highlights" tour of the texts, and a showcase of other manuscripts housed at the British Library.
An even more sophisticted version of Turning the Pages is available online now on the british Library website, for users who have fast broadband and Windows Vista.
'Origins of Early Modern Literature' is an online catalogue of English literary works published during the period 1519 - 1579. The aim of the AHRC-funded project that produced this database is to "redress the critical neglect of mid-Tudor writing", and to throw a spotlight onto this culturally and artistically significant era. The database can be browsed by title of work, and is also fully searchable by: title; date; subject; genre; and surname (of author, printer or dedicatee). Each record gives full bibliographic details for the publication concerned, including: composition date; publication date; site of publication; format; content; paratext; modern editions; and additional information on the text or book. This database is not designed to give comprehensive coverage of the period, and entries will continue to be added. This resource would interest book historians, as well as those researching the literature of the Tudor period.
Taken from the rare book department of the University of Vermont, this website is an image database of engravings of illustrated works of Ovid by the 17th-century German artist, Johann Wilhelm Bauer (1607-1642). The exhibition is divided into two sections: images from 'The Metamorphoses' by Ovid, with engravings by Baur - the 1703 edition printed in Nuremberg; and secondly, Ovid's 'Metamorphoses' "Englished mythologized and represented in figures", translated by George Sandys - the 1640 edition. Other classical images from the Department of Classics at the University of Vermont are also available. This resource will be useful to anyone interested in the post-classical reception of the work of Ovid.
The website of the Oxford Bibliographical Society provides information on the society and its aims and activities. Based at the Bodleian Library, at the University of Oxford, the society is dedicated to furthering the study of: bibliography; the history of the book; and textual research. The site contains details of the society's publications and lecture programme. Lectures range from considerations of the workings of the Bodleian to the collected works of Robert Louis Stevenson and the Whitington press. There is also information on: past lectures; how to join the society; and a page of links to other bibliography Web resources. The society would be of interest to book historians and those studying western manuscripts.
The Paperback Revolution is an interactive online exhibition published by the CRC Studio Project at the University of Alberta. The exhibition, rendered in pulp-fiction style, looks at the first twenty-five years of paperback publishing in the United Kingdom and North America, from the paperback's creation in 1935 until 1960. The site features a good narrative on the history of paperback publishing and the impact it had on society and culture, an excellent animated timeline charting the development of the paperback, and an interactive virtual paperback rack featuring partly digitised books. The site comments briefly on the paperback's antecedents, such as chapbooks, penny dreadfuls, dime novels and pulp magazines, as contributing to the phenomenon of mass fiction. Historical comment includes the related impact of the Second World War. The site also provides details on the private archive of some 100 paperbacks held at the University of Alberta, based partly on an original collection by Professor Gary Kelly. The site should prove entertaining for researchers of popular twentieth century fiction. Study questions are posted for teachers and students and users will also find bibliographical material and relevant links lists. At the time of review (6/4/2010) the site hadn't been updated since 2003.
The Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America is a quarterly journal which publishes articles on books and manuscripts considered as historical evidence, whether for establishing a text or as a contribution to the fields of publishing, printing, or book history. The website contains contributor and advertiser guidelines, along with a detailed production schedule. The contents pages of recent and forthcoming issues are listed, but the site does not include full articles. Ordering details are given for back issues and future subscriptions.
The Penguin Archive Project website provides information on a four-year project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and run by Bristol University. The project, which is in its early stages at the time of writing, aims to produce an online catalogue of the Penguin Archive, held at the University of Bristol Library Special Collections. In addition, the project will undertake research on various aspects of the archive, including: modern poetry; Penguin 'specials' and their socio-political impact; and Penguin translations of the classics. Another outcome of the project will be exhibitions and events aimed at the general public. The website gives details of: the project's aims; the project team; how to visit the archive; events; current research; related links; and recommends a book of the month from the Penguin collection. As it progresses, this resource will be of interest to students of English literature, as well as those studying the history of the book.
The Penguin Collection website provides information about the archives of the British publishing company, Penguin Books Ltd, which are held by the University of Bristol's Library Special Collections. The archive contains material from the company's "foundation in 1935 to the 1980s, with continuing deposits up to the present day. It includes a wide variety of materials on the establishment and business life of Penguin Books Ltd., as well as social events, legal cases particularly the Lady Chatterley's Lover Trial of 1960, exhibitions on the company's history, and the private lives of prominent figures in the early history of the company, including Sir Allen Lane, Eunice Frost and Betty Radice. It also includes a large collection of Penguin Books dating from 1935 to date." The creation of an online catalogue of the Penguin Archive has been funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), for four years from May 2008.
The Penguin Collectors' Society is a British organisation devoted to Penguin Books. The Society produces a variety of scholarly publications for members, such as: 'Penguin by Designers' (2007); 'In Search of a Hero: Looking for Allen Lane' (2006) by Alistair McCleery of Napier University; and the first English translation of 'The Typography of Penguins' (1956), among others. These books do not appear to be available via Amazon UK. The Society newsletter, The Penguin Collector, is published twice a year. The website has all the details one would expect to find on the website of a major publishing history society, plus additional items such as a free 'Students' Guide'. The history and influence of Penguin Books is judged to be of significant scholarly interest across a range of disciplines - for instance, in 2008 the AHRC funded a £750,000 project to create an online catalogue of the Penguin Archive at Bristol University.
This website, Photography in Literature, is part of Fixing Shadows, an online collection of photography albums compiled by David Sapir, Professor Emeritus at the University of Virginia. This subsite discusses photography in literature and may interest researchers in history, media studies and literature. The site features some examples of photography mentioned in, or related to, literature, including Lewis Carroll's parody, 'Hiawatha's Photographing,' and posts photographs Carroll took personally, including several of the girl who inspired 'Alice in Wonderland,' Alice Liddell. An excerpt from Nathaniel Hawthorne's 'House of the Seven Gables,' cites a discussion on early photography between the characters Holgrave and Phoebe. The site also posts a translation of a poem by Charles Baudelaire, with the suggestion that the eye of the poet serves like a camera in recording the activity of a street, immortalising the moment in words rather than visual images. The unusual perspective of this idea defines the site's value as way of considering images in the mind's eye as well as the photographer's lens, as indicated by the quotation from Christopher Isherwood's 'A Berlin Diary,' which heads the title page. The site is open to contributions from any interested visitor and has an originality to it which suggests that its development will be worth following.
Picturing Childhood is an online version of an exhibition which was held at the University of California Los Angeles in 1997. This website was developed to provide online access to images of some of the exhibits, along with an account of the historical development of children's book illustration. The site traces the origins of children's literature from the alphabets of the hornbooks through the occasional illustrated seventeenth-century book, such as Comenius's 'Orbis Sensualium Pictus' (the visible world in pictures), into the growing market for such works in the eighteenth century. There are illustrations from the works of publishers such as John Newbery and Thomas Boreman, and the importance of the educational theories of Locke and Rousseau also receive attention. Religious, moral, and cautionary tales are discussed briefly, as are moveable and pop-up books. The nineteenth-century institutionalisation of the idea of childhood is the subject of another passage, which includes information on the more sophisticated wood engravings of the era. A short final section describes twentieth-century developments and authors such as Theodor Geisel (Dr. Seuss). Featured illustrations may be magnified for closer inspection. The site also provides a checklist of the works included in the exhibition and a selected bibliography. Art and book historians would find this exhibition of interest.
This James Joyce website is intended to assist the appreciation of the 'Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man', by providing some online information about the book and its writer. The site's author, Brandon Kershner, edited the 1993 edition of the 'Portrait of the Artist,' published as part of the Bedford Books 'Case Studies in Contemporary Criticism' series. The footnotes from that edition are reproduced here, but not the full text.What the site does offer is a fairly extensive illustrated biography of James Joyce, which also explains some of the historical developments that affected his writings. There is also a section about the book's critical reception from its first reviews up to the end of the twentieth century. This site provides a useful introduction to Joyce.
This website is “a digital archive of primary sources on copyright from the invention of the printing press (c. 1450) to the Berne Convention (1886) and beyond”. Funded by the AHRC, this ambitious and extensive database includes digital images and commentary for key texts in the evolution of intellectual property law pertaining to five modern jurisdictions: Britain, Germany, France, Italy, the United States. Documents include “privileges, statutes, judicial decisions, contracts and materials relating to legislative history” as well as “contemporary letters, essays, treatises and artefacts”. Material was compiled by separate national editors, and limited to 50 core texts (20 for the USA and Italy covering a much shorter time period) supplemented by “many more” contextual documents. Inclusions were additionally scrutinised by an international editorial board. The development of copyright is outlined in its broadest sense, with documents relating to subjects as varied as the book trade, authorship, fine art, printed textiles, dramatic performance, telegraphic cable messages and photography. The database allows browsing several perspectives – documents are assembled into useful lists which can be traced as a global timeline or within specific jurisdiction, as well as enabling browsing by individual locations and authors. Documents can further be browsed by Institution, Legislation and Case law referred to. This resource is obviously invaluable to anyone studying the history of intellectual property law but its detailed commentary and clear structure make it useful to those studying a far wider range of historical subjects.
The website of the Printing Historical Society (PHS) provides information on the society and its activities. The society, affiliated with the University of Reading, was founded in 1964 in order to further interest in printing, and the preservation of texts and machines pertinent to the history of the book. The site provides a short history of the society, with details of the current committee and constitution, as well as: details of forthcoming PHS-sponsored events and conferences; PHS grants; joining information; and details of past events. The PHS also publishes monographs and a journal, details of which are also available on this site. A small selection of related links and a news section are also provided. Those studying book or printing history would find this site of interest.
Printing the Middle Ages, 1816 - 1930 is an online version of an exhibition first shown in 2000 at the University of British Columbia (UBC). The exhibition, the work of Siân Echard of UBC, focuses on the Victorian popular revival of medieval texts and its subsequent impact. The site features images from Victorian and later editions of various texts, including some from Malory's Morte d'Arthur, with Aubrey Beardsley's illustrations, and William Morris's designs for the Kelmscott Press. The site provides a bibliography, and a short section of related links. This resource would be of interest to art historians and medievalists.
This resource is a guide to the Pulitzer Prizes, which were established by the Hungarian-born journalist and newspaper publisher Joseph Pulitzer (1847-1911). Awarded annually from 1917 on the recommendation of a board (based at Columbia University), there are a number of prizes within the categories of journalism, editorial cartooning, feature photography, letters, drama and music. This website contains a history of the prizes and a biography of the founder. An timeline provides a graphical interface to the index by year and displays all winners (together with their citations) for that year. From 1996 onwards there are links to a brief biography of the winner and notes on his or her works. Within the Archive section there is a series of useful search options, including one which displays all the winners or finalists in each category. Among other resources, the site includes access (requiring Shockwave) to an online exhibition of Pulitzer Prize photographs.
'Quntres: an online journal for the history, culture, and art of the jewish book' is a full-text scholarly ejournal. At 2009 there is one issue available, freely offering articles such as: 'Moritz Steinschneider: an Appreciation'; 'The First Printed Edition of Norzi’s Introduction to Minhat Shai, Pisa 1819'; and 'Clarifying the Obfuscation Surrounding the Reissue of Sefer ha-Kavanot'. Articles are provided in both HTML and PDF form, and some articles are in Hebrew only. The journal is published from the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York. The website has details of the editors, editorial board, and the submissions process.
This is the website of the Ralph Waldo Emerson Society, a society founded in 1989 and dedicated to encouraging scholarship on, and appreciation of, the life and work of the American lecturer, essayist and poet Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882). The site provides a bibliography of his work (which includes links to electronic texts) and an extensive list of books and articles about him. Numerous photographs, engravings and drawings of Emerson are reproduced in the 'Images' section and a comprehensive chronology is provided. An 'Emerson Ephemera' page supplies all sorts of interesting information and refutes the long-held belief that Emerson was responsible for commenting: "Build a better mousetrap and the world will beat a path to your door." This saying does not, apparently, appear in any of his published or unpublished work. Emerson was generally considered to be the leading exponent of American transcendentalism, a literary, philosophical and religious movement which flourished in the 1830s and 1840s. He co-founded the movement's periodical 'The Dial' in 1840. His famous 'Essays' were published in two volumes (1841 and 1844). The site offers a biannual newsletter and journal, 'Emerson Society Papers,' which is published in the autumn and spring. It additionally describes the Society's activities, events, conferences, research funding, fellowships and membership details; it posts relevant awards offered by, and events held by, other organisations as well.
This is the online version of an exhibition held in the Alderman Library of the University of Virginia from February to June 2002. It celebrates 'the fiction Americans actually read', and is based on a collection of books amassed by Lillian Gary Taylor. The site has an introduction to the exhibition and to the Taylor collection itself. The exhibition consists of five sections covering aspects of the history of the bestseller from the end of the eighteenth to the end of the twentieth century. Each section is illustrated by thumbnails of many of the exhibits, and these expand to images of a useful size for viewing. One section, Bestsellers beyond the book, deals with the relationship between bestsellers, including Gone with the wind, and the equally successful films based on them. Another section allows readers to report their responses to various fictional works to the site. The final section consists of a useful reading list. This is an important resource for the study of publishing and reading in America, although it has not been updated since 2002, as the Current Bestseller Reading Corner page here suggests.
'RBM: A Journal of Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Cultural Heritage' (formerly Rare Books and Manuscripts Librarianship, RBML) is a full-text online journal, published twice a year by the U.S. Association of College and Research Libraries. RBM journal issues from 1998 to 2008 are freely available online. Articles are published as PDF files. Some journal issues are themed - for instance the Spring 2008 "Ephemera" issue, with article titles such as: 'The Long-Term Significance of Printed Ephemera' and 'The Contribution of Ephemera Dealers'. Example titles from other issues include: 'Second-Hand and Antiquarian Books on the Internet'; 'Archiving the Avant-garde'; 'Legal Concepts of Cultural Heritage Property'; and 'Now What Should We Do with Them?: Artists' Books in the Curriculum'. An additional index is available for the print issues of RBML which were produced from 1986 to 1995. There are also details of the editors and submission procedures. RBM will be a useful publication of interest to librarians, archivists, curators, collectors, book dealers, and bibliophiles.
This project aims to recognize and analyse the intellectual legacy of British and Irish authors in the European cultural tradition. It examines the ways in which selected British and Irish writers in various humanistic disciplines have been translated, published, reviewed and discussed in Europe over the last few centuries. The project is being published under the title 'The Athlone Critical Traditions: The Reception of British and Irish Authors in Europe', an open-ended, multi-volume series published by Continuum. Publications are listed from 2003 to the present and deal with the reception of several authors, including: Laurence Sterne; James Joyce; Walter Pater; Ossian and James Macpherson; D. H. Lawence; Sir Walter Scott; Jane Austen; Coleridge; Charles Darwin; Shelley; Byron; H. G. Wells; Jonathan Swift; David Hume; Yeats; and Henry James. The extensive database of the project is accessible to researchers after contacting the Project Director. Related links and seminars, as well as current, future and past events are listed.
The Web page "Records of British Publishing and Printing" describes collections held by the University of Reading Library relating to publishing and book history. The library holds archived records and documents from eminent publishing houses and printing firms such as: Jonathan Cape; Chatto and Windus; The Hogarth Press; Routledge and Kegan Paul; Ladybird; and Macmillan. These collections incorporate documents such as: business papers; correspondence with authors and poets; and book illustrations. The list of publishers links to individual descriptions of the collections, giving details of the holdings for each collection and information on how to access them. The Web page also details complementary collections at Reading University Library that are relevant to history of the book and the printing industry such as: materials on book fairs; the Isotype collection; and the collection of the Independent Publishers' Guild. Of particular note are the publishers' catalogues, prospectuses and announcements from 1800 to 1889. Links to other Reading Library and University departments with useful information on printing or book history are also provided. This resource would be of use to anyone studying the history of British publishing, or book history more generally.
Donald Allen (1912-2004) was one of the most important editors and publishers of modern American literature. His work with Grove Press and Evergreen review led to the publication of his influential anthology The new American poetry, 1945-1960 (1960), which included the work of poets from the Beat, Black Mountain and New York schools. His later work involved the establishment of the Four Seasons Foundation and the Grey Fox Press. This site contains a brief biographical and historical introduction and a note describing the scope of the collection of his private papers held at the Mandeville Special Collections Library at the University of California at San Diego. The detailed Container List provided here is an archival guide to correspondence relating to the various presses, to The new American poetry, other later anthologies, and to The collected poems of Frank O'Hara, which Allen also edited. The site also offers a catalogue of Allen's extensive correspondence with other contemporary American poets including: Ashbery; Robin Blaser; Robert Creeley; Robert Duncan; Allen Ginsberg; Jack Kerouac; Michael McClure; Gary Snyder; Lew Welch; and Philip Whalen.
This is the personal website of London University Professor Robin Alston, where a plethora of information is available on the history of libraries and books. This site should be of particular interest to English studies students at the undergraduate and postgraduate level and those inquisitive minds with a penchant for literary history. The site has five main sections: the 'Library History Database', 'Bibliography of the English Language', 'The Janus Experience', 'Library Catalogues' and 'Essays and Papers, 1975-2002'. The Library History Database provides historical lists of libraries situated in England, Scotland, Wales, Dublin. The Bibliography of the English Language has information on bibliographic journals from 1965 to 2004. The Janus Experience provides information on new techniques of print making as well as links to artists in the Yorkshire area and quotes from books like Penelope Shuttles's 'The Songbook of the Snow and other Poems' published by Janus Press in 1974. The Library Catalogues links to library catalogues in over 70 countries. The last section, Essays and Papers has full access to Professor Alston's musings on 'Thoughts on the British Library', 'Computers and Research', 'The Battle of the Books', 'Digital Libraries: Fact or Fiction' and many more. Overall a useful website for those interested in the study of books and their history.
This site, created by J. Larry Voyer, is self-described as a "definitive reference for published editions, in English, prior to 1970 of Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe containing images of over 2100 unique editions." First published by W. Taylor in 1719, Robinson Crusoe has become one of the famous stories, and is considered by some to be the first novel, produced in the English language. The site offers comprehensive lists of editions in two periods: 1719-1800, and 1800-1850. It provides online access to an advertisment introducing the first edition, and also features pictures, covers and title pages used in various editions. This extensive graphical bibliography is complemented by a list of further bibliographies and critical works, which has been compiled by Alexander Selkirk. Unfortunately scanned images cannot be enlarged and images vary in quality. Nonetheless, this site provides a very interesting and continuous publishing history of this famous book.
'Roger Scruton : writer and philosopher' is the personal website and weblog of British philosopher Roger Scruton. One of the most valuable elements of the website is Roger Scruton's active weblog, which has archives that date back to 2000. In the 'Journalism' section there is a link to an external website containing a full bibliography and full-text copies of many notable press articles by Scruton. A full listing of books can be found in the online C.V., and there are also links to selected Amazon pages that feature books. The website also has details of Scruton's activities in music composition, broadcasting, teaching, his farming, and his personal projects.
'Romantic Textualities' is a free scholarly online journal that examines literature and print culture in the period between 1740 and 1840 in the British Isles. The journal covers a wide range of literary genres and forms, with a particular emphasis on engaging in textual scholarship via electronic media (although this is not always evident from the published articles). As of September 2008 there are 18 twice-yearly issues online, with issues 9 to 18 being in PDF format. There are also indexes of selected individual articles and reviews, which can be download in PDF format. In addition to the original articles and a number of book reviews, the website also has a page that contains project reports, including: 'Database of British Fiction, 1800–1829', 'The English Novel, 1800–1829', and 'Subscribing Fiction in Britain, 1780–1829'. There are details on how to submit work, and information about the members of the Editorial Board.
The Furness Shakespeare Library has made available over the Internet rare and often first editions of Elizabethan documents contemporaneous with Shakespeare, as well as Shakespeare's own works. By scanning the images of these texts, the library hopes to inspire interest and learning by providing access to originals that most students would never have the opportunity to see otherwise. The website may be browsed by author or text and also has a separate search engine. While some texts are complete, others contain title pages or illustrations, or the author's comments. Under the ERIC header (English Renaissance in Context) there are tutorials designed to assist teachers. The tutorials do not supply answers like study guides, but rather pose important questions about the text and bring up issues to be discussed in class. There are tutorials on "Romeo and Juliet", "Merchant of Venice", "Richard III", "King Lear", and topics about Renaissance publishing and printing. The site makes full use of Internet technology and provides an excellent example of an innovative and well-implemented web project.
The website Scotland's Pages is part of the National Library of Scotland's Digital Library, and brings together manuscript and printed texts illustrating key events in a thousand years of Scottish history, beginning in the year 1000. The documents are all in English or in English translation, and may be accessed via a well-designed timeline. Many are supplied in facsimile (such as the Murthly Hours of 1280, the oldest book of hours associated with Scotland). Combined with a number of concise historical accounts, the source texts make Scotland's Pages a very useful and vivid chronology. The website reproduces the documents from an exhibition of manuscripts and printed material held in the National Library of Scotland in 2000. This resource would interest general Scottish historians and book historians.
The Scottish Book Trade Index (SBTI) is part of the National Library of Scotland's website, and comprises a list of people involved in the trades of: papermaking; printing; bookselling; engraving; bookbinding; and other trades related to the Scottish book industry over the centuries. The index has been compiled from a number of trade directories: the National Library of Scotland's Imprint Index of eighteenth century Scottish imprints; H.G. Aldis's directory of the Scottish book trade 'A List of the Books Printed before 1700'; and Iain Beavan's directory of the Aberdeen of the book trade. The index, which runs from the beginning of the Scottish printing trade to the mid-nineteenth century, is a work in progress, and is frequently updated. The index is in a simple text form and can be browsed in alphabetical order, or alternatively downloaded as a PDF. This resource would interest those studying British book history.
This excellent website provides access to one of the treasures of the British Library, the collection of 107 copies of the 21 plays by William Shakespeare printed in quarto before the theatres were closed in 1642 by Parliament at the beginning of the English Civil War. In addition to the digital facsimiles of the quarto editions, the site features: a timeline of events; an extensive section of background and historical information about Shakespeare and his works; secondary essays concerning the various quarto imprints by recognised scholars; a glossary of bibliographical terms; and pages of references, bibliographies and links. The 'Afterlife' section traces how the plays have changed in print and in performance, from the re-opening of the theatres in 1660 to the present day. Background information is provided concerning: Shakespeare's life; his poems and plays; Elizabethan and Jacobean theatre; contemporary publishing practices and print culture; the individual published plays and those included in the First Folio that did not appear in single publications. The most important part of the site is that devoted to the texts themselves. A simple user interface enables users to compare two texts side by side on screen. Drop-down menus list the various plays published in quarto before 1642 and the different editions of each play. Where the British Library holds more than one copy of an edition, the user may additionally select which copy to examine (listed by owner). The digital facsimile pages have been scanned at a good resolution and may be magnified for greater clarity. A 'printer-friendly' version of each page is also provided. The only possible omission is a search engine for locating particular textual variations. This resource should prove very welcome to Shakespeare scholars. It may also be of interest to those studying the history of the book, early seventeenth-century printing, or theatre history.
This intriguing website puts forward the case that the writings traditionally ascribed to William Shakespeare, the Stratford man, were in fact authored by Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford (1550-1604). In order to establish its credentials, the Shakespeare Oxford Society claims to be the "second oldest continually operating organization involved in the two-centuries old Shakespeare authorship debate." A cogent argument is presented at the site for favouring de Vere over his rival suspects, and there is also a wealth of news stories, both about the evidence and about conferences relating to Shakespeare authorship. Society newsletters are available in full text versions from 1965 to 1995. A more recent online magazine is also posted here, the 'Ever Reader' (1995-2000); and finally, the peer-reviewed journal published by the Shakespeare Oxford Society, 'The Oxfordian,' is posted fully here in its run from 1998 to the present. Books about the authorship debate are available to purchase, and links are provided to usenet discussion groups.This is a partisan site and appears to be largely North American-based in its activities. One will not find many links to websites claiming that Shakespeare (or anyone else) was the actual author of Shakespeare's works. Nevertheless, it is both interesting and entertaining, and is certainly essential reading for anyone concerned about the mysterious identity of the great playwright. Shakespeare scholars and conspiracy theorists alike will find much to contemplate.
On this website, Bielefeld University Library has made available full text digital editions of a number of works from its special collections. The works of William Shakespeare has been digitized from Alexander Pope's quarto edition published in London from 1723-25. The works comprises six volumes of plays, each of which has been digitised and made available as a series of page images (two pages per image). Simple navigation aids are also provided. The digital edition is designed to be viewed on a 1024 x 768 resolution screen and makes use of HTML frames. Pope's edition of Shakespeare includes Nicholas Rowe's life of Shakespeare. The digital edition also preserves the illustrations including a portrait of Shakespeare.
SHARP Web is the website of the Society for the History of Authorship, Reading and Publishing, an international society which was originally established in 1991. This organisation serves academics and researchers engaged in studying the history of the book and related matters. The website provides details on joining the Society, and a number of resources that may be of interest to scholars. Details on past and upcoming conferences are provided. Access to the archives of the Society's e-mail discussion list is also permitted. These archives are fully searchable, and cover all mailings since the list's inception in March 1992. The contents of the Society's journal, 'Book History,' may be browsed at the site, and details are also given concerning their quarterly newsletter, 'Sharp News.' The Society's homepage contains a long list of links to other sites of interest. These external sites are divided into groups of: publisher's records; online research resources; book history projects and scholarly societies; online exhibits; teaching resources in the history of print culture; notices and calls for papers; and selected journals. This site should prove a useful reference point for researchers and teachers in this field.
The Society of Authors is a non-profit trade union which represents the interests of professional writers in the UK. Its website provides information on the purpose of the organisation, its history and current activities. It includes access to a searchable list of its members and staff, as well as details on its ongoing campaigns. Topics covered here include: reform of English copyright and libel laws; issues relating to royalties earned by authors; how to publish; conventional and less conventional types of publishing; literary estates; playwrights and playwriting; Society membership criteria; prizes grants and awards; and the latest news, events and information from the Society and similar organisations. A number of subsidiary groups address more specific questions concerning academic writing; children's literary writing; broadcasting; educational writing; medical writing; regional groups; Scottish writers; and translators. This would be a useful site for academic and literary writers as well as those studying the history and culture of publishing.
'The Spread of Scottish Printing' Web pages are part of the National Library of Scotland's 'Digital Library'. These pages provide information on the beginnings of printing in Scotland, and the growth of the industry from its first days in the early 16th century, to the late 19th century. The topic is divided into sections, including: 'First printing towns'; full texts; and 'The Printing Revolution'. Among the resources provided are: a list of printing towns in Scotland, with their first printing dates; a clickable map of Scotland from which users may access texts and see information on the printers in each of the listed towns; and the full texts of 33 items from 33 of the early printing towns. Among the full-texts are various types of works, including: religious writings; poetry; catalogues; and fiction. This resource would be of interest to anyone studying book history.
'Spread the Word' is the website of a literature development organisation working to support new writing and live literature events in London. The site is a useful resource for English and writing studies, providing information on: creative writing workshops; poetry readings; and other live events in London. For those not living in the London area, there is also a very useful resources section, providing pieces on: getting started as a writer; editing your first novel; and writing a CV and synopsis, among others. For readers, there is also advice on starting a reading group, with links to websites for resources offered by other organisations. At the time of writing the site's forum had been suspended, pending future developments to the site. The website is easy to use, and while it is clearly of most use to London based writers and literature enthusiasts, it also provides more general information and useful advice for those beyond.
'Story' is the website which grew out of the success of 'Save our Short Story Campaign' and aims to promote the short story as 'one of the most exciting and important literary forms.' In order to increase the profile and recognition of the short story, the site addresses readers and writers at all levels, as well as literature professionals in libraries, schools and reading groups. The site combines the promotion and the enjoyment of the short story form. It includes information on the campaign's projects, but also has short stories which may be freely downloaded, and advice on how to write and publish them. The downloads include stories by Trezza Azzopardi, Jackie Kay, Katherine Mansfield, Ian Rankin, and Gerard Woodward. A searchable collection of recommended short story anthologies is also available, with authors such as J. G. Ballard, Ursula K. le Guin, Edgar Allan Poe and Joseph Conrad. 'Story thoughts' is a collection of short essays from professionals such as radio producer, Di Spiers, Matthew Perren, a manager at Ottakar's in Edinburgh and publisher Ra Page. The pages 'For Writers' have information and advice, with links to online tutorials and competitions. There is also information and regularly updated news of 'Story' projects. This site is easy to use, with a main page, highlighted links and a menu of subheadings. It offers a useful live resource full of current content.
Studies in Bibliography is made available online by the Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia and published in partnership with the Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library. The journal covers the study of bibliography and textual criticism. The full-text of each issue (1-52, 1948-1999) is available both as HTML and also as ebooks in Microsoft Reader format. Issues may be browsed or searched. Articles, both long and short, discuss editions of little known texts; textual problems in works by authors such as Geoffrey Chaucer, Jonathan Swift, Ben Jonson, William Shakespeare, Walt Whitman, George Eliot, Edgar Allen Poe, James Joyce or Sylvia Plath; and topics such as bookbindings, deconstruction, copytext, reconstruction, typeface, practical editing. The print version of Studies in Bibliography is published by University Press of Virginia.
Sublime Anxiety : the Gothic Family and the Outsider is an online exhibition hosted by the University of Virginia, which offers useful visual and textual information for students and researchers studying Gothic literature. A dramatic home page invites visitors to enter the exhibition and the impression of a virtual gallery is maintained by a second page of visual icons leading to each section. An introduction by curator Natalie Regensburg gives a helpful overview of Gothic literature and images. The different elements of the exhibition come under headings which include: Northanger Canon (information and images of the title pages from the ten Gothic novels Jane Austen mentions in her novel "Northanger Abbey"); Chapbooks (the small inexpensive pamphlet version of texts that were published, the Gothic series being one of the most popular kind); Women and the Gothic; The Shelleys and their Circle; The Rice Phenomenon (drawing on the work of Anne Rice). You can find information on the Bronte sisters, Arthur Conan Doyle and the detective genre, as well as monsters other than Frankenstein's monster, such as vampires, witches, and ghosts. Each icon leads to a collection of images of and from publications under this heading, with commentary on their place in the development of the genre and the publishing history of each text. While the primary focus of the exhibition is eighteenth and nineteenth century Gothic, a short feature on twentieth-century writer Edward Gorey completes the collection. This exhibition is user-friendly and contains visual material which helps to contextualise the Gothic novels and stories, while providing useful background information and commentary.
T. E. Lawrence and the Book : Seven Pillars of Wisdom, 1926-1996 is an online exhibition on Lawrence hosted by the E. J. Pratt Library, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The site gives an account of the writing and complex printing history of Lawrence's book, The Seven Pillars of Wisdom, which appeared in its currently well-known edition in 1926. There were several earlier versions, some read only by a limited private audience which included Bernard Shaw; E. M. Forster; Thomas Hardy; Rudyard Kipling; and Siegfried Sassoon. The site provides thumbnail images of drawings and satirical cartoons of important historical figures who were noted in the book. The site also refers users to relevant outside links which will be useful for historians. In terms of historical content, the site itself is simple, and should be of most interest as a starting point for teachers and students of British Imperial History in the Middle East.
'A Taste of Horton' is a website hosted by Aberystwyth University Library and Information Services that shows some illustrations from this valuable collection of rare children's material (much of it in English) from the 18th and 19th centuries. The collection, held by Aberystwyth's Thomas Parry Library Rare Books Collection, illustrates the development of children's literature in terms of: publishing; printing; illustration; and themes over the two centuries. The website gives a sample of the items available in the physical collection, via an index of authors leading to descriptions of selected works, with digital images of a few of the illustrations from each. A brief introduction to the collection is also provided, with a link to the University's online library catalogue, where the full contents of the Horton Collection can be searched. The online images can also be viewed as a gallery, without the accompanying descriptions. There are also contact details for the keeper of the physical collection, which can be viewed by appointment. This resource would interest those researching children's literature and other children's materials from the period, from an: educational; literary; or artistic viewpoint, with the related links providing opportunities for further study on the subject.
The William Hone BioText presents online resources for the study of William Hone (1780-1842), British bookseller, editor and publisher. The overall aim of the project, prepared by Kyle Grimes of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, is to investigate the influence of Hone on popular print or literary culture in the nineteenth century; Hone was known for his satirical works and successful court battle against government censorship in 1817. The site includes biographical notes (including an index of correspondence); an extended essay on 'Discursive Hosts: Hypertext and the Crisis in Literary Biography'; detailed bibliographies and archival repositories relating to works by and about Hone; and a collection of full text electronic texts of Hone's works (including 'The Man in the Moon'; 'Official Account of the Noble Lord's Bite!'; 'The Bullet te Deum; with the Canticle of the Stone'; and 'Buonaparte-phobia; or, Cursing Made Easy to the Meanest Capacity').
'The Pelican project' is an online project of the London-based 'things magazine', offering an online exhibition of a complete archive of the covers of the Pelican paperback books range (1937-1985). These books were produced by the non-fiction sister imprint of the famous and influential Penguin Books. The exhibition offers a complete collection of all known covers, and is ordered by decade and then by year. Covers can be easily browsed by thumbnail image, which leads to a medium-sized scan of the book cover (800 pixels on the longest side) presented without watermarks or tight cropping. This website will be useful for historians in the field of graphic design history and book design, as well as the history of knowledge and traditions of self-education in the British Isles.
The Renaissance Festival Books website, is the result of a collaborative project between the British Library and the University of Warwick and makes available facsimilies of 253 Renaissance festival books from the British Library's collections. These books describe festivals and ceremonies that took place in Europe between 1475 and 1700 to mark: marriages; funerals; coronations; and other grand events. Such festivals could take many forms, including: masques; dances; song; and parades and displays involving: fireworks; equestrian troops; and waterworks. The festival books therefore shed light on a variety of aspects of early modern courtly history in Europe, most notably: music; the court, royalty and nobility; costume; theatrical history; military history; tournaments; and social and economic history. The website offers some background to festival books, with articles by acknowledged experts in the field. The books themselves can be browsed or searched: pages with significant information are provided with metadata to enable accurate searching.
The Typographic Archives website aims to "preserve valued web contents on typography and history of printing and writing" by archiving the contents of relevant websites that no longer exist. At the time of writing the site includes short biographies of a few of the more famous names in the history of typography, including: William Caxton; Johannes Gutenberg; and William Caslon, as well as a glossary of typographical terms and an excerpt from Beatrice Warde's lecture to the British Typographers' Guild. The site is part of the Planet Typography site, and would be of use as an introduction for those new to book history.
The website entitled "Typographic Design for Children" describes a variety of research projects carried out under this larger umbrella project. One section, 'Describing Book Design,' focuses on the historical development of typography, traced through a sample of over 300 children's books published between 1830 and 1960. A 'Project Database' in the same section uses a Filemaker Pro database to record and analyse the characteristics of different typefaces and type sizes; the full database is not fully available on site. Another project, 'Testing typography in primary schools,' examines the influences both of the use of serif and sans serif lettering and of horizontal and vertical space in children's books. A checklist of characteristics was applied to the sample in order to relate the findings to contemporary research into reading and legibility. Of particular interest is the investigation of whether different typefaces and text or line spacing affect children's reading performance. Developments in type design and the issues involved in designing for screens are explored. The site is easy to navigate and provides a great deal of bibliographical material on the subject of typography. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Research Grants scheme. Outcomes from this research are not available on the site, but have instead been published in a series of listed publications.
This is a hypertext version of an extended essay originally submitted by Michael Hayward in 1991 as part of a Master of Publishing course at Simon Fraser University. The essay traces the history of the Beat writers in print and deals with the various methods of publication: underground magazines and presses, literary magazines, and alternative presses. There are sections on major presses, including New Directions, the Grove Press, City Lights Books, and the Olympia Press. The essay has footnotes, two appendices (on orality and on obscenity) and a basic bibliography. Some of the links are internal, while many of the others lead to the Literary kicks website. While this essay is necessarily limited in its scope and its depth of research, it does provide a useful introduction to alternative publishing in the United States in the 1960s.
'Vanity Publishing : a Campaign for Truth and Honesty' is as much a life-mission as a website. Hosted by Jonathan Clifford, who coined the term 'vanity publishing' in the 1960s, it makes interesting reading for creative and academic writers, keen to see their work in print, who may find themselves being taken advantage of. Clifford has campaigned since the early 1990s and was invited to speak in the House of Lords in 1999 about the problems of 'rogue traders' in the publishing world. His website is full of information about vanity publishing, self-publishing and the differences between them, how to recognise a bad deal and the charges made by qualified skilled professionals for services such as proof-reading and copyediting. He includes advice on what to expect when presenting work to a mainstream publisher or small presses, and offers also 'Points to Ponder' and invites involvement in his campaign to change the law to prevent the exploitation of writers by vanity publishers. There are free advice guides on all aspects of publishing which offer comprehensive assistance. Acrobat reader is necessary to access much of the material on this site, which is generally user-friendly and easy to navigate.
The Virtual Children's Books Exhibits website is hosted by Cotsen Children's Library at Princeton University, and showcases items from Cotsen's collection of children's materials dating from the 15th century onwards. The site is divided into four virtual exhibits, entitled: 'Water Babies'; 'Magic Lantern'; 'Creepy-Crawlies'; and 'Beatrix Potter'. Each exhibit consists of images taken from books or works that relate to the overall theme. The images are accompanied by brief descriptions and where relevant, publication and date information. The images are clear and can be enlarged for better viewing. Although the exhibits are image-based, this resource would appeal to those studying children's literature, as well as anyone researching children's art or illustration.
This site, 'The Web of American Transcendentalism,' provides a comprehensive overview, with primary sources and recent secondary research, on the literary transcendentalist movement in the United States. Initially a response to organized religion, this short-lived American movement, which flourished in the 1830s and 1840s, advocated a return to the spirit and teachings of Christ. Yet with its romantic and idealistic roots, it has been absorbed into the fabric of American society and become influential in also helping to change the direction of literature, culture and thought. The site is divided into five main pages: 'Authors and Texts' includes biographical readings, texts, criticism and links to other websites, about major and minor transcendentalists; 'Roots and Influences' lists information about transcendental forerunners and its legacy in literature, influencing the work of, among others, Emily Dickinson and Walt Whitman. 'Ideas and Thought' provides an introduction to the movement and links to its major texts on the philosophy of nature, aesthetics and writing, social and political reform, religion and education. 'Criticism' reproduces papers and articles on literary criticism, historical criticism and a history of the transcendentalist journal 'The Dial'. 'Resources and Bibliographies' includes selected bibliographies of Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) and Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) and links to other sites on transcendentalism. The site also includes an educational hypertext, administered by the project's director, Professor Ann Woodlief of the Virginia Commonwealth University, which is open to new files on transcendental texts. Scholars are encouraged to submit texts for possible uploading.
The Wellesley Index to Victorian Periodicals, 1824-1900, is a subscription bibliographic database of articles in nineteenth-century periodicals. It primary use is to identify authorship. It was common during the Victorian era for articles by periodical contributors to be published anonymously, or under a pseudonym. The great achievement of the Wellesley Index was to provide provenance details and evidence to support attributions of authorship, along with brief biographical and vocation details of the attributed authors. Periodicals covered in the Index include: the Westminster Review; Bentley's Miscellany; Blackwood's Magazine; the British Quarterly Review; the Dublin Review; Fraser's Magazine; the Monthly Chronicle; the Oxford and Cambridge Magazine; the Rambler; and the Theological Review, along with twenty or so others. The Wellesley Index does not attempt to attribute poetry appearing in the periodicals. The online version of Wellesley incorporates the additions and corrections made by Eileen Curran, known as the Curran Index.
The website "Women and Books : From the Sixteenth Century to the Suffragettes" has been adapted from an exhibition of the same title at the University of Glasgow. It features sections on: books written, translated, and compiled by women; books for, and about women; books owned, illustrated, or published by women; and books on women's education. This exhibition and website reminds us that women, although rarely prominent in the earlier period of publishing as authors, still had a role to play as: dedicatees; patrons; collectors; or readers of books. The books that were on display are accompanied by a paragraph of commentary and full bibliographical detail, with some excellent images of folios. There is also an interesting section on suffragette literature. This virtual exhibition would be of interest to those studying the history of the book, or involved in gender studies.