The website 'A Frost Bouquet' hosts images of materials from a 1996 special exhibition of editions and memorabilia of the poet, Robert Frost. The online exhibit is divided into six sections: Robert Frost editions in English; editions in other languages; the Frost family; the 'Bouquet'; Christmas cards; and Barrett and the biographers. The first two sections include manuscript images as well as photographs of published material. The family section contains photographs of Frost, his family and friends, from various stages of his life. The Bouquet itself was a manuscript magazine consisting of poems, stories, and illustrations, created by Frost's children and family friends. Images of each page of the first edition (June 1914) are available on the website. The biographical section contain various materials: the draft of Clifton Waller Barrett's introductory speech for Frost's 1952 appearance at the University of Virginia; manuscripts of biographical accounts of the poet; and photographs of Frost's biographers at work.
Adam Matthew Publications is a British publisher of "original manuscript collections, rare printed books and other primary source material for the humanities". Publication has until recently been in microfilm form, but much of the material is now also available to scholars online. The service is a commercial one that generally requires purchase and registration. There is, however, some full-text material available for free and without registration at this website (click Guides / Online / then see the free full-text 'Publisher's Note' and 'Introduction' for each collection). There is a full A-Z index to around 500 large scholarly collections of primary source material on microfilm, and a link to the Adam Matthew Digital website for online access. A variety of free printed brochures are offered on certain topics, and these can be requested for postal delivery. Further short brochures (see 'Recent Publications') are available free online as PDF files. The collections seem especially strong in literary manuscripts, travel records, and documents of political importance.
The "Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile" (ASMMF) website provides information on this initiative, which aims to make available in an economical format the entire manuscript corpus of the Old English language. There are over 500 manuscripts in the entire series. The microfiche volumes are being published at 2-3 months intervals by the Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies at the Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies at Arizona State University, and are available by subscription or by individual volume. The website lists all the published and forthcoming volumes, the manuscripts included in the project, the libraries participating in the project, and some links to Anglo-Saxon related sites. The project also publishes its guidelines for preparing manuscript descriptions on this website. This site would be of interest to academic libraries, and to those studying or teaching Anglo-Saxon literature or history.
The website of the Antwerp James Joyce Center provides information on this research centre, based at the University of Antwerp. The centre researches all aspects of Joyce's work, with an emphasis on genetic criticism, and works to promote interest in Joyce's work in Dutch-speaking countries. The website gives an overview of the work of the centre and provides full text access to a number of papers authored by members of the centre. Full issues of the centre's electronic journal 'Genetic Joyce Studies' are also available online, from the first issue in 2001 onwards. There are also links to other Joyce-related websites, and a list of relevant publications by centre members. This site would interest those researching Joyce, as well as university students studying his work.
The Auchinleck Manuscript website features an online edition of the manuscript held by the National Library of Scotland. Produced in London during the 1330s, the manuscript contains verses and poems spanning a wide range of genres including: romance; hagiography; doctrinal instruction; a chronicle; satire; complaint; and humorous tales. According to popular myth, Chaucer himself may have read the manuscript, and his 'Tale of Sir Thopas' may have been influenced by the Auchinleck's stanzaic 'Guy of Warwick'. But it is for romances in particular that the manuscript is renowned. There are eighteen romances, including: 'Reinbroun'; 'Of Arthour & of Merlin'; 'Roland and Vernagu'; 'Sir Tristrem'; 'Kyng Alisaunder'; 'Sir Orfeo'; 'The King of Tars'; 'Amis and Amiloun'; and 'Horn Childe and Maiden Rimnild'. All of the poems are in English. As well as containing the transcribed texts (and page images) of the manuscript, the website includes a history of manuscript and a page about its physical make up. There is also a glossary and a lexicon, as well as bibliographies for each text and topic, and links to other relevant websites. This is an excellent example of a manuscript Internet resource, which should be of great value to scholars engaged in manuscript studies or researching Middle English literature. It is also possible to download the manuscript from the Oxford Text Archive site.
The Auchinleck MS website presents both a basic and a detailed description of the Auchinleck manuscript (national library of Scotland, advocates' MS 19.2.1) and the forty-four Middle English text items included in it. For each item the site provides information on: the text's physical state in the manuscript; the stanza-form; other manuscript attestations; and modern editions. In addition, each item is linked to information on: the scribes; relevant sections in the site's selective bibliography; and to electronic editions of the individiual texts (some of which are diplomatic transcriptions by the site's creator, others are based on the TEAMS Middle English Texts website). This site is easy to navigate, being hyperlinked within its several different sections. It has consistent referencing to the scholarly sources used. While the information provided is very thorough, it remains limited, with little or no discussion of the manuscript's overall physical appearance or of the dating; distribution; and dialect of either the manuscript or the individual texts. This site would be a useful introduction to the manuscript and the texts themselves for students and researchers in manuscript studies or medieval English literature.
The Leeds Verse Database (BCMSV) holds detailed information about English poetry contained within the seventeenth and eighteenth century manuscripts held in the Brotherton Collection at the University of Leeds. Many of the manuscripts are miscellanies and commonplace books which have not been previously indexed. In total the BCMSV database details some 6,600 poems from 160 manuscripts, with 320 images available from selected images in the collection. The database can be searched by keyword, first or last lines, author, title, date, manuscript and bibliographic references. A typical record will also include information about the length of the poem, its verse form, brief summary of content, and further information about the manuscript in which the poem is found. A separate list of manuscripts is also available.
The Beowulf Translations web site brings together various people's work on the poem, and is edited by Syd Allan, who refers to himself as a 'Beowulf hobbyist' whose labours 'are not meant for scholars'. But Allan's nicely illustrated website provides detailed information on a very impressive range of 'Beowulf'-related subject matters and is very useful to several aspects of the study of this Old English text. The site's main feature is a compilation of bibliographic and photographic information on Modern English translations, as well as: film; theatre; and comic-strip adaptations of the text. These can be accessed from the main page, either chronologically under date of publication (between 1805 and 2002) or alphabetically under author. In addition, the site offers a great number of other features, including: scans (of: nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century editions and translations; parts of the manuscript; and further illustrative material); audio-files; selections of text; and bibliographies. Mr Allan also provides elementary information (of limited but consistent scholarly value) on text-interpretation (discussion of: the contents; the genre; the manuscript; and the language), and the historical background. Finally, a major strength of this site is that it is extremely well hyper-linked, providing access to other websites and discussion groups on 'Beowulf'.
'British Library: Online Gallery Turning the Pages 2.0' is an innovative website/software hybrid that has been created by the British Library and its partners. For users who have fast broadband and Windows Vista, the website offers sixteen online facsimiles of rare books in the British Library collection. The books look and act like the original books in the original bindings and have pages which turn realistically; users can zoom in on fine details or to magnify details using a high-quality 'virtual loupe.' Book titles include: da Vinci's 'Codex Arundel' and 'Codex Leicester'; Charles Dodgson's original bound manuscript of 'Alice's Adventures under Ground'; William Blake's 'Notebook'; the 'Lindisfarne Gospels'; and the 'Sherbourne Missal', among others. Users can also hear the books being read by professional actors. The website is free, and requires registration only for the function that allows individuals to make and keep personal notes about the books. The books can be searched by keyword. The website will also function with Windows XP, but XP users will first need to download and install the free Microsoft .Net Framework v3.0. XP users may also need to specifically give the .Net framework Internet access through a firewall. The website is a good example of the forthcoming range of sophisticated 'browser-delivered software applications.'
The Cambridge English Renaissance Electronic Service (CERES) is a project at the University of Cambridge which aims to explore the possibilities of electronic media for literary research. The home page provides links to a number of virtual workshops. These include the Aeneas and Isabella Project, a collaborative project which allows scholars to contribute to a database of comments on selected texts; Sidneiana, a multimedia archive of material relating to Sir Philip Sidney and his circle; and Haphazard, an online manuscript resource for students and scholars working on Edmund Spenser. CERES also publishes an online newsletter called Harvest which reviews and recommends sites for scholars working on the Renaissance period. The site is very attractively designed and illustrated, as well as easily navigable. Links to other resources have been carefully selected on the basis of academic and scholarly merit.
The Camelot project is an online database of Arthurian texts, images, bibliographies and other information. The project was designed and developed by Alan Lupack, Curator of the Robbins Library at the University of Rochester. The literature forms the most significant content on the site, which aims at something near a comprehensive collection of texts from the earliest references to Arthur in or around the 9th century AD, through the evolution of the legends of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table in the later Medieval period, up to the twentieth century. Given the nature of the subject, the site is particularly rich in texts and pre-Raphaelite images. The database includes works by authors such as: Oscar Adams; Max Adeler; Robert Buchanan; Ralph Waldo Emerson; Geoffrey of Monmouth; William Morris; Charles Swinburne; Jonathan Swift; Lord Alfred Tennyson; and William Butler Yeats, as well as anonymous works, for example the Alliterative Morte Arthure, and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Artists featured on the site include: William Morris; Aubrey Beardsley; and Arthur Rackham. From the homepage, the database can be browsed by: Arthurian characters and motifs; author; or artist, as well as by keyword. The main page also links to related scholarly projects and resources. This site would be of interest to anyone studying Arthurian legend, whether from an artistic, historical or literary point of view.
The Canadian Writers website, maintained by Library and Archives Canada, provides researchers with access to important archival and bibliographical material of significant Canadian writers. It contains a range of material relating to celebrated Canadian writers, including online copies of original manuscripts, typescripts, correspondence, journals and notebooks. At the time of review, the website concentrated upon eight writers: Marie-Claire Blaise; Roger Lemelin; Carol Shields; Michel Tremblay; Jacque Brault; Saint Denys Garneau; Elizabeth Smart; and Jane Urquhart. Bibliographies are provided for each writer, cataloguing the works they have published as well as critical work about them and links to other useful resources. The site also includes an essay about the cultural context of each writer, written by an academic from the University of Ottawa. This, along with the manuscript galleries, makes the site a useful resource for students of Canadian literature. It is in either French or English.
The Canterbury Tales website provides an online edition of Geoffrey Chaucer's work of that title, both in the original Middle English and in a Modern English translation. The edition and the translation, both illustrated with portraits from the Ellesmere Manuscript and the Kelmscott reprinting, can be accessed as separate texts, or in several combinations (including 'en face' and interpolated). With its: search option for the complete texts; easy navigation; 'chronology of the life and times of Chaucer'; and 'Canterbury Tales' discussion forum, this site is an extremely effective and very user-friendly tool for students and researchers. Unfortunately, the site is somewhat vague about its sources for the edition and the translation (referring to 'the Wiretap file, with numerous corrections' and the 'Litrix reading room'), so that its academic level remains unclear.
This website enables access to the catalogue of the Letters and Papers of Modern European Writers and Others at the Taylor Institution Library at Oxford University. The archive of letters came to the library in the second half of the twentieth century and covers authors dating from the eighteenth century onwards. The catalogue is divided into languages ranging from English to Celtic and Czech. Authors are then arranged in alphabetical order with full bibliographical information and catalogue references. Writers in the collection include: Julian Huxley; William Macray; J. S. G. Simmons; and Bache Matthews. Italian figures include Garibaldi; Marinetti; and Ungaretti. German writers include Goethe; Grimm; and Rilke. The site is text only and extremely fast loading. It is an important collection, particularly with regard to German and French studies.
This is the homepage of the Centre for Manuscript and Print Studies (CMPS), which was founded in 2001 at the Institute of English Studies, University of London on behalf of the British Library; the St Bride Printing Library; the University of London Research Library Services; the English Department at the University of Birmingham; the School of English at the University of Reading; and the Literature Department at the Open University. The Centre covers a diverse range of fields such as: palaeography; codicology; diplomatic writing and calligraphy; the history of printing; manuscript and print relations; the history of publishing and of the book trade; ephemera studies; the history of reading; the history of libraries; collecting and scholarship; analytical, descriptive and historical bibliography; textual criticism and textual theory; and the electronic book. The CMPS serves as a resource for the international community of scholars (including undergraduate and postgraduate students); the site provides news of events such as conferences, seminars, exhibitions, and summer schools such as the Centre's annual Palaeography Summer School and London Rare Book School. Information and progress reports are provided about CMPS research projects, most of which receive funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). Several of the more developed projects have their own sites, including: the Complete Works of John Ford; the Catalogue of English Literary Manuscripts 1450-1700 (CELM); and the Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts (DigCIM); Philo-Bibliographical Notes and Queries; Early Paper; John Masefield Virtual Research Environment; the William Sharp "Fiona Macleod" Archive; and the Yeats Annual Series. The Centre additionally hosts the AHRC National Research Training Scheme (NRTS) in English Language and Literature, Palaeography and the History of the Book. Links to related sites and partner institutions are included. The Web pages are uncomplicated and easy to follow.
Edited by Jerome J. McGann, this website, the Rossetti Archive, is a developing, searchable database of the work of Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The website is published in association with NINES (Networked Infrastructure for Nineteenth-century Electronic Scholarship). The subjects covered within the database are paintings, drawings and design, poems, prose and translations. The archive includes a biography of Dante as well as detailed notes and commentaries on each painting. These commentaries discuss the paintings in many different contexts, including iconographical, literary, mythological, pictorial, historical, autobiographical and bibliographical.
De casu ciȝaris dutis regis iabin : an Episode from John Lydgate's Fall of Princes is an online version of this 15th-century manuscript in both image and transcribed text form. The authors have used Unicode to transcribe a fragment of text from John Lydgate's 'Fall of Princes'. The user will need a modern XML browser to view the text correctly. Mac users may experience problems. A digital representation of the original manuscript is displayed side by side with the modern transcribed text. In addition to the text, the site offers a report on the process of the transcription. The pilot project was undertaken at the Humanities Computing and Media Centre of the University of Victoria.
Digital Medievalist is the website of an online community of practice for medievalists working with digital media, particularly the digital representation of historical source material. The project runs: an email discussion list to enable the sharing of experience and knowledge amongst scholars working with medieval sources in a digital environment; a refereed online journal; and a news server for calls for papers and announcements. The Project also arranges conference sessions at relevant congresses. Full texts of journal issues are available on the website, as are guidelines for contributors. The Executive Board of the project has an international membership, reflecting the scope of this area of research. The site would be of interest to researchers already in the field, and anyone considering starting a digital project using medieval sources.
The Romaunt of the Rose website is the pilot study for a project that aims to digitise other Middle English manuscripts from the Hunterian Collection at Glasgow University Library. The site contains images of each page of the manuscript of the Romaunt of the Rose (MS Glasgow, Hunter 409) and a description of the proposed larger project. Users can compare the manuscript with images of the 1532 printed edition of the poem, thought to have been based on the Hunterian manuscript. The project hopes that the eventual digitisation of this important collection will not only make this important resource available to students and scholars, but will also help to preserve the fragile originals.
The American novelist Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945) is best known for Sister Carrie (1900) and An American tragedy (1925). This significant resource is based on the Dreiser Papers in the Library of the University of Pennsylvania. There is a detailed index (sortable accoring to various headings) of his correspondence, which links to printable digital images (from the Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text & Image), and a section on Sister Carrie which contains facsimiles of the typescript and the 1900 edition, together with a searchable version of the 1981 (Pennsylvania) edition. This area also links to relevant correspondence, critical essays and a virtual exhibition. The remainder of the site contains links to a series of reference and bibliographical sources, critical and biographical essays, and images from Pennslyvania's extensive collections of still and moving images of Dreiser and his family. These include photographs taken by Dreiser in the Soviet Union and silent-film clips.
The website 'Enchanting Ruin: Tintern Abbey and Romantic Tourism in Wales' provides digitised versions of exhibits from the University of Michigan Special Collections Library. These exhibits relate to the ruins if the 12th-century Cistercian abbey, which were commemorated in the well-known poem by William Wordsworth 'Lines, Written a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey, on Revisiting the Banks of the Wye During a Tour, July, 13, 1798'. The website presents a selection of images and manuscripts related to the history and geography of Abbey and surrounding areas, as well as some imaginary impressions of this Romantic site in poetry and other writing. The significance of all displayed artefacts is discussed in respective critical commentaries. The material on the website is organised thematically and consists of nine sections, including: 'The Picture of the Mind': Tintern and Vicinity through Images; 'Wreaths of Smoke': Industrial Tintern; 'The Language of Sense': Poetical Tintern; and a famous guide to 'Gleams of Past Existence': Charles Heath's Guide to Tintern Abbey. The resource is hosted by the Library and maintained by the Scholarly Publishing Office, University of Michigan. These pages will be of use to Romantic scholars and anyone whose interests lie in the history and wider context of this iconic abbey.
"English handwriting 1500-1700" is part of the Cambridge English Renaissance Electronic Service (CERES). The website provides an online course for late medieval, renaissance and early modern palaeography (paleography) on the basis of an extensive archive of manuscript images, drawn from several Cambridge colleges. In fifteen course lessons, it offers samples of different hands and manuscripts, and invites the visitor to supply transcriptions in the workspace provided. A wide range of pedagogical materials is provided, such as exemplary transcriptions of each course manuscript, alphabets of letter forms, an historical introduction, and codicological as well as palaeographical analyses. Each lesson concludes with a short test, and follow-up sections are available.This site is aimed mainly at beginners, but is also convenient for continuing reference, and includes a concise bibliography and list of links. It has a very user-friendly navigation, and provides downloadable PDF versions of the transcriptions.
eOneill.com: an Electronic Eugene O'Neill Archive offers links to a comprehensive range of Internet resources relating to the American playwright (1888-1953).There are links to the complete texts online, manuscripts, letters, photographs and production artefacts. The site provides links to most major collections of O'Neill's papers, including archives at Princeton University, Yale University and the University of Virginia.There is also biographical information and audio versions of a selected number of O'Neill's plays. Users can also follow links to the Eugene O'Neill Foundation at Tao House, where a virtual tour is available.The site is attractively and clearly designed. It is managed by a panel of O'Neill scholars in the United States and offers one of the most authoritative and complete archives of O'Neill resources on the web.
The website, European illustrated books and manuscripts, c.1400-1700, is compiled by Takami Matsuda of the Department of English and American Literature, Keio University. It is an excellent online exhibition of manuscripts and printed books from the university's library. The site is in Japanese and English and is divided into the following sections: illustrations from Cesare Ripa's Iconografia; manuscripts and printed leaves from Keio University Library; subject index; author index; and index by place of publication. Thus the site can be effectively searched. The books and manuscripts are accompanied by commentary in Japanese, which requires a language pack to be downloaded. A useful map allows the user to select resources according to their place of publication. The collection includes: classical works; emblemata; fable books; chronicles; histories; medieval romances; almanacs; and bibles. Among the holdings are editions of works by: Beze; Ripa; Bacon; La Fontaine; Holinshed; Lipsius; and Dante. The site is a great resource for those studying or researching early modern history, manuscript studies, or history of the book.
'From Goslar to Grasmere: William Wordsworth Electronic Manuscripts' is an online collection of images and transcriptions of the poet William Wordsworth's draft materials and letters. Users can tailor their 'route' through the material on the site according to their needs by selecting content filters from: 'Specialist Use' (academics and researchers); 'Non-Specialist Use' (interested readers with little experience of manuscripts); and 'Educational Use' (for teachers). Users may also use the site without a filter, enabling them to view all documents. Materials provided online include: information on the project and its aims; letters and biographical details relating to the Wordsworths during the period 1798 - 1800; contemporary maps of the Lake District; images and transcripts of the manuscripts of Wordsworth's 'Prelude' and 'Home at Grasmere'; articles relating to the dating and relationship of the various manuscripts; and related film clips. There is much here of use to students, teachers and researchers working on Wordsworth, as well as interested readers.
The Guide to Australian Literary Manuscripts website enables users to perform online searches of manuscript collections in Australian libraries. The idea for the database was developed by the University of Western Australia, and the project now consists of electronic guides to 86 collections of Australian literary manuscripts. A bespoke search engine has been created, and the collections are ordered by author. The complete record for any given collection includes: biographical notes; access information; details of types of works (novels, poetry, short stories, screenplays etc.). The entire set of finding aids is searchable. Searches are fast and simple. The site also posts relevant links.
The Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center is the homepage of the arts centre of the same name, situated at the University of Texas at Austin. Since its creation in 1957, The Ransom Center's mission has been to promote study of the arts and humanities and as such it has acquired a world-renowned collection of holdings in: film; books; art; manuscripts; and photography. Among the items currently in the Center's collections are: a Gutenberg Bible (ca. 1455); the first photograph (ca. 1826); film archives of David O. Selznick and Robert De Niro; and paintings by Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera. To add to this, the Center also holds manuscript collections of: James Joyce; Ernest Hemingway; T. S. Eliot; D. H. Lawrence; Tennessee Williams; and Norman Mailer among others The website gives details of: the Center's holdings (which are searchable); current and permanent exhibitions; online exhibitions (including one on the film "Gone with the Wind" and another on Lewis Carroll); events at the Center; and other news relating to the Center. This site is easy to navigate and provides some useful online resources for students studying the visual arts, performing arts, and English literature.
The Humanities Research Institute is a consortium of technology-related research projects from within the University of Sheffield's Faculty of Arts. Their core mission is to use new technologies to formulate and investigate research questions in the humanities which cannot be easily answered by the use of conventional methodologies. The cultural material in electronic form can range from medieval literary manuscripts, public records and early printed books through to modern music manuscripts, novel holographs and scientific writings. "They are conceived and published electronically to give the widest possible access to primary research materials, which would otherwise be available only to scholars travelling to the world's greatest libraries." This online service includes links to the following projects: André Gide Editions; Bakhtin Centre; Cotton Catalogue; East Asian Languages; Fairbank Archive; Flora Tristan; French Stars; Hartlib Papers; Hebrew Dictionary; Hospice History; Illuminated Manuscripts; John Foxe; Latin Stemmer; National Fairground Archive; Pérez Galdós Editions; SciPer; Strafford Papers; Stuart London.
"The Hunterian Collection" website provides a brief overview and guide to the vast library of rare books collected by Dr William Hunter (1718-1783), doctor to Queen Charlotte and eminent anatomist. The collection, housed at the University of Glasgow, is one of the most significant in the UK, and contains over 10,000 printed books and 650 manuscripts. The manuscript collection includes substantial medieval and Renaissance materials, and over 100 Persian, Arabic and Sinilogical documents. The printed books include 534 incunabula (ten Caxtons) and a vast quantity of sixteenth century volumes. Unsurprisingly, a large proportion of the materials are of a medical nature (including editions of Hippocrates, Galen and Harvey), however literature is also well-represented, as is travel. There are materials on the East Indies and the South Seas. The Hunterian Collection also contains Hunter's own materials as well as those of his mentor James Douglas. The site lists finding aids and descriptions, with links to the online exhibitions or to the library catalogue for some of its holdings. Also, the items from the collection featured in the "book of the month" articles on the main page of the University of Glasgow website are listed separately with their respective links.
The Imagining History website grew out of the site belonging to the Imagining History project at Queen's University Belfast, which was conceived to investigate the textual transmission of the 'Prose Brut', a late-medieval Middle English chronicle. The project investigated the ethnic and political notions of: English; Welsh; and Irish history in medieval and early modern historiography and received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the research grants scheme. The current form of the website gives access to the output of the original project (descriptions of manuscripts and printed books that included the 'Prose Brut' and some of the descriptive pages of the earlier project website), and promises in future to be a portal to resources for students and scholars of medieval and early modern historiography in English and other European vernaculars. The site is designed as a wiki, and in future users will be able to register to be able to contribute to the wiki.
The Index of Medieval Manuscripts online database aims to enable readers to locate references to specific manuscripts within a corpus of printed works. The database includes details of manuscripts of English and French texts, mostly literary and historical. The database is searchable by: title; date; contents; author; provenance; and associated people or manuscripts. Each record provides brief notes for most of the searchable fields, together with bibliographic references to selected works within the printed corpus that provides the basis for this project.
An Introduction to Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts provides the general reader with an excellent introduction to the manuscripts and manuscript culture of Anglo-Saxon England. Written by Michelle Brown, Curator of Illuminated Manuscripts at the British Library, it is divided into five sessions: Anglo-Saxon England and the Book; Reading and Writing the Manuscripts; Spiritual and Secular Worlds; Materials and Techniques; and Illustration and Ornament. The site is generously illustrated with a selection of images from British Library manuscripts. Some of these can be enlarged and the quality is good. Interested readers might also like Brown's seminar on the Lindisfarne Gospels (MS Cotton Nero D.iv), which is also part of the Fathom site. This resource would be of use to those beginning to study western manuscripts, and those interested in medieval studies.
The Inventory of the Katherine Mansfield papers, 1903-1942 is an online summary description of the Newberry Library's archival holdings, including correspondence and manuscripts, relating to the New Zealand-born author, Katherine Mansfield (1888-1923). The Web page provides: administrative information; a brief biography; and a description of the scope and content of the collection. Holdings are catalogued under the following headings: manuscript works, 1903-1922; printed works, photographs and memorabilia, 1906-1922; correspondence, 1909-1942; appendix. Researchers and students of Mansfield's work would find this of interest.
Based on John Updike's play Buchanan dying, which first appeared in 1974, this website aims to stimulate thinking concerning the process by which the idea of a play becomes the play itself. The Introduction provides background on Updike and on James Buchanan, fifteenth President of the United States and the subject of Updike's play. The site features a tour of the Updike materials relating to this work and a history of how they were acquired by Penn State University Libraries. There are numerous images of the relevant drafts and proofs, an assessment of published reviews of the work, a section on its appearance on stage, and an account of Updike's novel Memories of the Ford administration, in which the character of Buchanan reappears. There is the facility to view versions of the original material in parallel and a link to a listing of the Updike papers in the Special Collections Library, aiding the second aim of the project which is to encourage use of this and other special collections.
The Julian of Norwich Web pages are part of the Luminarium Anthology of Middle English Literature, and are a general introduction for students to the life and works of the medieval mystic and anchorite. When Julian of Norwich (1342-1416) believed she was dying she had a series of visions which ultimately became 'The Revelations of Divine Love', an example of the genre of spiritual biography, and the first book to have been written by a woman. This website provides links to: a number of short biographies; the complete online version of 'The Revelations' from the Christian Classics Ethereal Library at Calvin College; a short bibliography of primary and secondary texts; and a limited selection of essays and articles. A section of additional sources includes links to other relevant sites about Julian of Norwich, an essay on the manuscripts and their cultural contexts as well as a series of images, such as the Westminster Cathedral manuscript (the second oldest surviving manuscript), and the stained glass window at St Agnes' Anglican Church. Whilst the website does not offer detailed critical or bibliographical information about Julian of Norwich or her historical and literary context, it is pleasantly presented and provides a good introductory account of the mystic.
The Lehigh University Library Services' Electronic Bookshelf houses a growing collection of digitised texts, chosen with regard to requests made to the University's Special Collections Holding, rather than any theme. Aiming to provide 'rich and varied resources in electronic format', the Library is developing its online collection in accordance with the needs of researchers. An open-access policy means that persistent digital versions of the text will be freely available to all researchers, in line with the aim of taking 'the ordinary document delivery process a step further to create a productive resource sharing initiative'. This generous mission statement is fulfilled currently through 16th century editions of Piers Plowman and a 19th century An address to the three thousand colored citizens of New York, by Gerrit Smith (1846), alongside the Hill to Hill Bridge Report of 1922, and a political commentary The Observator Observ'd, attributed to Samuel Grascome (1702). While this is currently a limited collection, it is well-presented and straightforward to use and offers to grow in value over time.
The Lindisfarne Gospels site provides a general introduction to the contents of the Lindisfarne Gospels manuscript (British Library, MS Cotton Nero D.iv) and its cultural and historical context. Written by Michelle Brown, Curator of Illuminated Manuscripts at the British Library, it is divided in four sections, or "seminars", on the following topics: The Lindisfarne Gospels and the Early Christian World; Eadfrith and the Making of the Lindisfarne Gospels; The Lindisfarne Gospels in Use; and A Display Opening of the Lindisfarne Gospels. Designed for the non-specialist and assuming no prior knowledge, the site gives a lively introduction to Anglo-Saxon England and early Christian Europe to place the codex in its religious and cultural setting. It is illustrated with a selection of images from the manuscript which, although not as clear as they might be, provide the reader with a valuable accompaniment.
Literature Online (LION) is a fully searchable library of more than a third of a million works of poetry, prose and drama in English, plus full-text literary journals, biographies and key criticism and reference resources including the Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature. Content dates from the 7th century to the present day. The digital versions include annotations by the author, critical apparatus, and any images and illustrations of the print version being digitised. These have been encoded in SGML (recording structural information such as paragraph breaks, chapters and page numbering), although the texts are delivered as HTML Web pages. The electronic texts maintain spelling and orthographic idiosyncrasies. The databases can be cross-searched by author, title and keyword. Individual databases have other search functions. Access is via institutional subscription. Literature Online is available to UK HE/FE institutions under a national license agreement negotiated by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This description is based upon that provided by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
The Manuscripts of the West Midlands website describes a project based at the University of Birmingham. The project aims to provide a catalogue of vernacular manuscript books of the West Midlands: an extensive collection of historical and linguistic data connected to Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, and Worcestershire between 1350 and 1475. There are many extant sources originating in the West Midlands area, which allows a great deal of regional study to be undertaken, and insights into manuscript geography to be gained. The site is likely to be of interest to those researching or studying the history of the West Midlands, history of the book, or manuscript studies. The catalogue can also be downloaded in XML format from the Oxford Text Archive website (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)). The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Resource Enhancement Scheme.
The website of the Mark Twain Papers and Project is based at the Bancroft Library, University of California at Berkeley. The Papers are a collection which Mark Twain made available to his official biographer, Albert Bigelow Paine and consist of: letters by the author and members of his family; manuscripts including fragments and complete drafts; published works such as essays, speeches and poems; a number of important editions of his published writing; and material such as business documents and scrapbooks. The Project is an editorial and publishing programme publishing Twain's edited papers in hard copy and online. At the time of writing only letters are avaliable online, but it is possible to search these by: date; addressee; or keyword. The website also provides details on archive holdings and access. Two online exhibitions are also available: 'Mark Twain at Large: His Travels Here and Abroad' and 'Mark Twain Takes on Art'. This resource, in particular the letters, would be invaluable to anyone researching Twain's life and works.
The website of the National Library of Australia's manuscript collection, one of the largest collections in Australia (consisting of about 1700 major collections and more than 26 million individual items), provides details on the collection and links to the Library's digitised manuscripts. The site allows users to search the collection, which holds mainly records relating to the history of Australia and its territories but also includes: a small number of European medieval manuscripts; some British papers of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; and a number of important collections relating to New Zealand, the Pacific Islands and South-east Asia. There are also several manuscripts relating to the European discovery and settlement of Australia. Close to 9000 items have been digitised and can be viewed freely online, including: Captain Cook's journal of the HMS Endeavour; 16th-century books of hours; collections of Australian plays and poems; photographs; and musical manuscripts. Information for visitors to the library is provided and there are links to collections in other institutions. This resource would interest those studying English and Australian history, as well as those working on english and Australian literature.
This website is a specialised research tool for linguists and students of textual editions of Old English manuscripts. Graphotactics is defined by Professor Robert D. Stevick, the author of the website, as 'the incidence and measure of spacings between strings of written symbols of a text, where both the graphic symbols and the spacings carry linguistic information'. In its present state, the website contains the analysis of two manuscripts: Beowulf (British Library Cotton Vitellius Axv, fols. 132-201v), and Alexander's Letter (British Library Cotton Vitellius Axv, fols. 107-131v). Other manuscripts are in progress. The study of each manuscript is broken down into several analytical sections, each being a separate PDF file.
This handy website, compiled by John Herrington and hosted by Georgetown University, provides a short introduction to Anglo-Saxon manuscripts written in, or containing, Old English. Introductory matter is kept to a minimum, however, since the main purpose of the site is to provide an Excel spreadsheet which aims to list all the available facsimiles of Anglo-Saxon manuscripts. Nevertheless, users will find information on: the historical background of Old English manuscripts; Facsimilies of manuscripts; and instructions on using the database. N. R. Ker's 'Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon' (Oxford, 1957) is the cornerstone of this database. Manuscripts are listed by Ker number, perhaps slightly confusingly, in three sequences. Each entry contains the pressmark, the major contents of the manuscript, author (if known) and approximate date. Lastly, there is a reference to the facsimile. The spreadsheet also includes a listing by by date. This tool is extremely useful for tracking down manuscript surrogates, a task which can be time-consuming and frustrating. The spreadsheet is offered in versions for Excel 4.0 and 5.0.
Part of the British Library's website, 'Turning the Pages' presents digitised texts of books, missals, psalters, atlases and other important documents that are held at the British Library. Based on the award-winning interactive display system used within the library itself to provide virtual public access to these rare texts which include: Leonardo Da Vinci's notebook; the Lindisfarne Gospels; the Sherbourne Missal; and Sultan Baybars' Qur'an. To view the books that are listed, a Macromedia Shockwave plug-in is required - although there are alternative versions for some of the texts. The Shockwave versions provides interactive animation that allows the user to turn the pages digitally, and also use zoom features to look at sections in detail. An introduction is provided for each book, along with audio descriptions of each page, which requires the use of a Real Audio player. Also of interest is a "highlights" tour of the texts, and a showcase of other manuscripts housed at the British Library.
An even more sophisticted version of Turning the Pages is available online now on the british Library website, for users who have fast broadband and Windows Vista.
The Electronic Beowulf is an image-based facsimile edition of the sole extant 11th-century manuscript of the Old English poem, held by the British Library. The electronic edition is edited by Kevin Kiernan of the University of Kentucky and published on CD-ROM by British Library Publications and the University of Michigan Press. The online guide to Electronic Beowulf reproduces the complete help documentation from the CD-ROMS, together with: information about the history of the project; a selection of online articles; and associated links. The online articles cover the technical aspects of the project, including: constructing a glossary; digital restoration of the text; and image processing. This site would be of use to anyone working on a similar project, and also to students and researchers in the fields of manuscript studies and medieval literature.
The University of Virginia Library acquired its major collection of material relating to the American novelist John Dos Passos (1896-1970) from the author and his family over a period of nearly forty years. This site offers a brief introduction to the collection which leads to an Online Guide. This provides further background to the collection, details of its organisation, and a detailed listing of the contents. Apart from the manuscripts of a number of Dos Passos's novels, including Manhattan transfer and the trilogy USA, the collection has many letters to his friends (who included Hemingway, E.E. Cummings, and Edmund Wilson) as well as family papers. This is a valuable introduction to the papers of a major American writer.
This website provides a description of the papers of Virginia Woolf (1882-1941), held at the Mortimer Rare Book Room, in the William Allan Neilson Library, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts. The relatively small collection of papers includes correspondence of Virginia Woolf and Lytton Strachey, 1906-1956; letters by Woolf, 1916-1939; manuscripts by Woolf 1916-1941; Hogarth Press ephemera, 1917-1939; manscripts by others, 1904-1926; photographs, 1902-1927. The manuscripts include reading notes, drafts of essays and short stories, and corrected page proofs of novels and collected essays. The site provides a brief biographical note, information about the scope and contents of the collection, terms of access and use, and the preferred citation method for references to items in the collection. The site is produced and referenced by the Five College Archives and Manuscript Collections, an online finding aid which describes collections held at Amherst, Hampshire, Mount Holyoke, Smith Colleges and the University of Massachusetts.
This important site features an online exhibition of the manuscripts and papers acquired by the University of Delaware from Paul Bowles, the American composer and novelist (1910-1999), shortly before his death. It is based on an exhibition held in the Special Collections Exhibition Gallery between August and December 2000. This online exhibition has an introduction by Virginia Spencer Carr, and a short history of the Bowles collection by Timothy D. Murray. There are seven main sections relating to Bowles' work: Poetry, Music, Novels, Short Stories, Translations, Travel Writing and Life Writing. Each section consists of an introduction and a list of the exhibits, together with notes and illustrations. This site also links to a checklist (including some illustrations) of an exhibition held at Delaware in 1990 to celebrate Bowles' eightieth birthday. A section relating to primary sources held at Delaware gives a detailed listing of Bowles' papers and the contents of related collections, including the Black Stone Press Archive. There are also links to Bowles' collections at other institutions and to Paul Bowles sources on the Internet.
This is the website for the Perdita Project, a collaborative project for the study of early modern women's manuscript compilations, hosted at the Warwick University department of English and Comparative Literary Studies, (previously based at Nottingham Trent University 1997-2005. The project was partly funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB, now the Arts and Humanities Research Council - AHRC) within the Research Grants scheme). A database is available online, of manuscripts of early modern women's writing from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. This writing includes poetry, religious and devotional writing, autobiography, and writing relating to aspects of household management, such as cookery and accounts. The manuscripts are drawn from collections around the world and offered as a research tool for both historians and literary scholars. There is also information relating to the project's methodology and details of publications which have arisen from research undertaken for the Perdita project.
The Piers Plowman Electronic Archive website is the home page of a collaborative project that aims to create electronic and printed resources to facilitate comparison between the 54 extant manuscripts of the three versions of Langland's poem. As of 2007, 5 CDs of material have been published. Some of the MSS already completed include: Huntington Library MS 128; British Library MS Lansdowne 398; Bodleian Library MS Rawlinson Poetry 39; British Library MS Additional 35287; Bodleian MS Laud. misc. 581; and Oriel College MS 79. The project has made use of some original MSS, as well as microfilm and facsimilies. The website provides little free material, but does give information on the background and processes of the project. The electronic archive will facilitate the work of students, teachers and editors of Piers Plowman manuscripts.
The Quadrivium Project is an online resource for training doctoral students in Medieval English textual studies. The site is hosted by the Faculty of Arts at the University of Glasgow and is run in partnership with the Universities of: York; Birmingham; Queen Mary's London; and Queen's University in Belfast. The site provides a portal to training materials on: language (mainly Middle English); palaeography and codicology; and textual criticism and editorial practices. Another section on 'socio-historical context' is also under construction at the time of writing. The types of materials available on the site range from links to catalogues of medieval manuscripts and digitised manuscripts, to brief discussions on textual editing processes. The project also provides links to the partner projects and institutions, and to other related websites. This resource would be of interest to postgraduates working in: Medieval English; history; or manuscript studies.
'RBM: A Journal of Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Cultural Heritage' (formerly Rare Books and Manuscripts Librarianship, RBML) is a full-text online journal, published twice a year by the U.S. Association of College and Research Libraries. RBM journal issues from 1998 to 2008 are freely available online. Articles are published as PDF files. Some journal issues are themed - for instance the Spring 2008 "Ephemera" issue, with article titles such as: 'The Long-Term Significance of Printed Ephemera' and 'The Contribution of Ephemera Dealers'. Example titles from other issues include: 'Second-Hand and Antiquarian Books on the Internet'; 'Archiving the Avant-garde'; 'Legal Concepts of Cultural Heritage Property'; and 'Now What Should We Do with Them?: Artists' Books in the Curriculum'. An additional index is available for the print issues of RBML which were produced from 1986 to 1995. There are also details of the editors and submission procedures. RBM will be a useful publication of interest to librarians, archivists, curators, collectors, book dealers, and bibliophiles.
The Richard Rawlinson Center is the website of the main research centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies and manuscript research at the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University. The Center's website is mainly an information site offering: details about seminars run by the centre; links to associated research and publication projects; links to other subject-related websites; and information on current research. The site also hosts a full-text electronic version of Introduction to Old English by Peter S. Baker (originally published in 2003) which would be of interest to students of Anglo-Saxon language and literature.
Rossetti Archive is an online resource collection of resources devoted to the pre-Raphaelite poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882). Maintained by Jerome McGann and the University of Virginia's Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, the site intends to provide complete hypertextual access to all of Rossetti's works, both verbal and pictorial, and all of his: manuscripts; proofs; and editions. It also provides contextual materials and contemporary secondary materials on Rossetti. The site contains: a bibliography; chronology; and biography, as well as: nine sections of material: double works; pictures; poems; prose; translations; manuscripts; periodicals; books; and contexts. The texts are encoded in SGML, and the site provides a search engine to find specific items in the archive. There is also a page of links to other Rossetti sites and materials on the web. The website also features many articles on humanities computing and the digitisation process, with special features on its redesign of 2004, and a 'guided tour' of its previous interface available.
The TEAMS website is the online home of the Consortium for the Teaching of the Middle Ages. The organization was founded by the Medieval Academy of America to support the teaching activities of its members and is now a non-profit organisation supporting the teaching of medieval studies at all educational levels. TEAMS projects include: the publication of a series of teaching texts in association with the University of Western Michigan's Medieval Institute Publications; the maintenance of an online textual archive of the literature of the Middle Ages; and outreach work with secondary schools. Details of all these activities are published on the site. The online teaching resources for primary and secondary educators are amongst the most useful features of this site. Resources include detailed lesson plans for teaching different age groups, providing: a checklist of equipment needed; a glossary of key vocabulary for each unit; and suggestions for evaluating pupil performance during each task. Activities for younger children include: music; movement; and re-enactment exercises. Online texts are accompanied by an introduction and suggestions for further reading. There is also a comprehensive bibliography on the site.
The Wanderer is an online edition of the Anglo-Saxon poem of that title, put together by Tim Romano (Swarthmore, Pennsylvania)) and based on digital images taken from the facsimile published by: R. W. Chambers; M. Förster; and R. Flower in 1933. The design of the website enables simultaneous viewing of: the original manuscript page: the Old English transcription; and related palaeographical notes (the latter obtained by clicking anywhere on the manuscript image). The editor also provides a glossary of Old English, with grammatical forms found in the text. There is also: a commentary; bibliography; and a free translation of the poem. This would be a useful resource for students studying Anglo-Saxon literature in the original language.
TOEBI (Teachers of Old English in Britain and Ireland) is the website of an association that supports the teaching of Old English at university level. The website provides: details of how to join and participate in the work of the association; a list of Old English courses; and details of associated events and publications. A secondary aim of the website is to provide information on materials relating to teaching Anglo-Saxon: language; literature; and culture. Links and suggestions for language-teaching resources include sections on: course books and grammars; dictionaries; online teaching modules; and recordings. The association also suggests further background reading, and provides links to resources relating to: Old English texts in the original; other organisations; research projects; and museums and Anglo-Saxon sites.
The Urban Manuscripts Project website describes the project of that name, which aims to produce a database of urban manuscripts that were privately-owned English during the period 1300 and 1476. The stated aims within the broader scope of this project are to discover: who owned books in late-medieval towns (i.e. before the age of printing); what the books contained; who produced the books; and whether there was a distinctive urban literate culture. This database will be of great use to those researching: literacy; medieval cultural and social history; and particular individuals of the period. The final aim is to produce a printed catalogue and searchable database, allowing, for example, analysis of owner's names and occupations. The site provides a useful section of links to other similar projects. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme. The website does not mention any time frame for the course of this project; at the time of review the site had not made the database available nor did it publish research results.
This website outlines a three year AHRC-funded project to create a digital copy of the important Vernon Manuscript in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. The “biggest and most important surviving late medieval English manuscript”, access to the extensive and lavishly illuminated Vernon Manuscript is currently very limited for reasons of conservation and the “sheer scale of the volume”. This project will publish a DVD-format digital copy, with full colour images and searchable descriptions and transcriptions of every page. The website gives details of the project team and partners.
The W. Hugh Peal manuscript collection website is primarily, at this date, a showing of eight samples from the collection that is housed in the Special Collections & Archives of the Margaret I. King Library at the University of Kentucky.The actual collection comprises one of the largest holdings in the United States of 19th century British materials, consisting of over 12,000 books and 7,000 manuscripts. The letters, unpublished manuscripts, poems, and essays of Romantic writers including William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Robert Southey, and Charles Lamb, represent the core collection. Additional materials include: the correspondence of Thomas de Quincey, George Crabbe, Mary Shelley, Walter Scott, Sidney Smith, and Thomas Campbell; letters of English landscape artists; autographs of royalty; essays from the French Revolution period; the copybooks and album of Elizabeth Barrett Browning.The following (large) images are accessible to the public via the site: a C. L. Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) letter about electric lightening, front and back, from 1896; Charles Dickens's letter to William Cullenford, parts 1 and 2, Paris 1846; a letter from Charles Lamb to Mrs. Goodwin, consisting of suggestions for supper; a caricature of King George III with Gulliver; and the autograph of George III.
The Walt Whitman Archive is an online collection of resources and links relating to one of the most influential American poets of the 19th century. The archive is designed as a research and teaching tool for students and scholars of Whitman, and includes digitised images and transcriptions of: Whitman's works; proofs; and first editions. The website includes: facsimiles and transcriptions of all the editions of Leaves of Grass; an extensive searchable bibliography; a biography with links to photos, maps, and short essays about Whitman's friends and associates; contemporary reviews of Whitman's works; and a small number of teaching materials. A rare early recording of a reading of Whitman's poem 'America', believed to have been made by Whitman himself, is also available on the site as an MP3 file.
The Wilfred Owen multimedia digital archive (WOMDA) aims to improve online access to primary source material relating to Wilfred Owen and to preserve this material in a digital archive. The archive provides scans of original documents relating to Owen, and also information about the First World War in general. The type of material available from the site includes: Owen's original manuscripts; letters written by Owen; audio interviews with WWI veterans; contemporary video clips; and contemporary photographs, as well as: modern video clips; and modern photographs. Items on the site can be searched by keyword or context, or browsed by topic and location of original document. This site would be of interest to students studying First World War poetry, as well as military history.
The website of the International Institute of Social History (IISH) includes in digitised format the archive collection of manuscripts belonging to the writer, designer, and socialist William Morris (1834-1896). The site provides access to digital reproductions of: How shall we live then?; As to bribing excellence; Why I am a communist; as well as a fragment of a letter in French written to May Morris following Morris's death. In keeping with the IISH's area of research, Morris's socialist past is briefly described, but the real value of this resource lies in the possibility to view original drafts of the above lectures, complete with phrases emphatically underlined and his scribbled corrections. The images are easily downloaded and each page is clearly numbered. The website also includes a bibliography focusing on works relating to Morris's socialist years and subsequent legacy.
This website describes the archives and heritage collections held at the University of Durham, two of which are designated as outstanding by the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council. Collections include substantial archives of family, manorial, ecclesiastical, legal, scientific and historical papers as well as literary manuscripts, maps and plans, and early and rare books. Of particular note are Bishop Cosin's Library, and Bamburgh Castle Library, the former a library founded in 1669, and still housed in its original building, the latter, originally collected by the Sharpe family at Bamburgh Castle. Each contain rare books and manuscripts (and are the two MLA designated collections) incunabula, medieval and post-medieval manuscripts as well as 16th century theological works, and works relating to law, travel and literature. These two collections are supplemented by a range of other former libraries, drawn from the North East and containing a rich array of rare books, pamphlets and manuscripts. As well as these extensive paper holdings the collections include audio of poets reading their own work, archives relating to poet Basil Bunting, archives relating to the Sudan, and its British colonial heritage, Medieval coins minted by the Bishops of Durham, photography collections (particularly of churches and Durham and the North East) tithe and inclosure maps, as well as substantial local studies collections. The website provides a number of finding aids to locate items within the collections as well as details on accessing them.
This website describes the special collections and archives held at the University of Liverpool Library. These are wide ranging, resulting from a large number of bequests and donations to the library and range from local history to manuscript studies. Collections of note include archives of politician David Owen and social reformer and women’s rights campaigner Josephine Butler, medieval manuscripts and collections of early printed books (incunabula), a collection of private press publications and collections of science fiction and modern literary manuscripts. Most collections are listed in (and can be searched via) the university library catalogue, and the website provides details of accessing them in person.