100 Poets Against the War (third edition) is a project of Canadian-born poet Todd Swift, in collaboration with the British online magazine nthposition.com, which publishes an anthology of poetic responses to the US/UK war in Iraq. The anthology is freely available to download, copy and further distribute. A hardcopy edition is published by Salt Publishing with proceeds going to Amnesty International. The online anthology is available as a PDF file. Poets who have contributed include Elmaz Abinader, Pat Boran, Sherry Chandler, Mahmoud Darwish, Kate Evans, Katerina Fretwell, Ethan Gilsdorf, David Harsent, Fadel K Jabr, John Kinsella, Robin Lim, Clive Matson, Kate Newman, Sean O'Brien, David Plumb, Rochelle Ratner, Jackie Sheeler, Helên Thomas, Rebecca Villarreal, John Hartley Williams, and Ghassan Zaqtan.
'221 Baker Street' is a website devoted to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's most famous character, Sherlock Holmes. It is likely to be of interest to English and media researchers, with its main strength being its collection of texts. As well as a detailed overview of all the Holmes stories in the context of Conan Doyle's writing, there are e-texts available of 48 of the 60, and a biography of the author. Illustrations from the Holmes stories, most by Sidney Paget, are available in a large gallery, as well as sound files from the Granada Television series, starring Jeremy Brett. The site has an open access discussion board, wherein enthusiasts may discuss the Sherlock Holmes stories, other writing by Conan Doyle or the Granada adaptation with Jeremy Brett in three separate sections. A very comprehensive selection of links is available. This is a carefully maintained and attractively presented site, which is straightforward to use.
The American Verse Project is a searchable online database of hundreds of collected works of poetry published before 1920. It is a collaboration between the University of Michigan Humanities Text Initiative (HTI) and the University of Michigan Press. Works have been selected for inclusion from prior printed anthologies of verse, with additions to ensure adequate representation of people of colour and female poets. The poems have been scanned using OCR packages and encoded in SGML, following the TEI guidelines. The transcribed volumes retain some of the layout of the originals, such as page and line breaks and section headings. One can choose to view works with or without line numbering. Images, introductory essays and footnotes are included in the online collection. Single and multiple works can be browsed and searched. One can look for keywords and phrases, use Boolean expressions to search for keywords in a single line, paragraph, poem or collection, and carry out proximity searches (for words occurring within forty, eighty or 120 characters of each other). Results give the keyword-in-context and links to the complete text (though one must use the browser's search facility to locate the term as it is not highlighted when one moves to the full-text). The texts can also be saved in SGML format for further analysis in other software.
The American Time Capsule website has been developed by the Rare Books and Special Collections Division of the Library of Congress to provide access to texts in its printed ephemera collection. The documents included on the site have been digitally scanned to create facsimile images, which can be viewed in different sizes and formats. The site currently provides access to over 10,000 digital images, and all of the online documents will, on completion of the project, be accompanied by transcriptions. Much of the collection is made up of information from broadsides, although leaflets and pamphlets also feature, and the material is notable for its great variety. The type of material available from the site includes posters, notices, advertisements, proclamations, leaflets, propaganda, manifestos and business cards. It is possible to search or browse the collections, and it is also possible to browse by author, title, genre or geographic location of printing. A final release is planned, and this will include many of the oversize items in the collection.
The "Anthologies and Miscellanies" website is a unique study of the canonization of poetry through tables of contents of anthologies and miscellanies of poetry from various periods. The canonization of poetry reveals how society has accepted poetry, and therefore reveals information about that society and culture in which it exists. This website focuses on the: 18th; 19th; and 20th centuries, and explores how the Romantics viewed the poetry of their time, how the Victorians viewed Romantic poetry, how Victorians viewed Victorian poetry, and how 20th-century viewed poetry from the Romantic period and the Victorian period. Questions are raised such as what critique labels poets 'major' or 'minor' poets (this is most often seen in anthologies of 'major' poets), and how opinions differ on the importance of certain poets and their work. Students of English literature would find this site of interest.
Luminarium's Anthology of Middle English Literature is a rich resource of online texts and and information relating to the major literary figures in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. On this website you can find the works of: Geoffrey Chaucer; John Gower; William Langland; Julian of Norwich; Margery Kempe; and Sir Thomas Malory; and extracts from ananymous works such as 'Sir Gawain and the Green Knight', and the morality play, 'Everyman'. There are also versions of the Wakefield and York plays. The site is well organized and presented with many images from medieval texts. For each author there are: texts; images; links; articles; and essays on the works, as well as biographies. This site would be useful for students studying the literature of this period, and also a valuable resource for those teaching it.
Australian Studies Resources : Literary and Historical Texts, hosted by the University of Sydney Library, is a collection of 18th, 19th and early 20th century Australian texts. The collection of fiction, poetry, plays and non-fictional works consists of over three hundred texts. Poets represented in the project include Banjo Paterson, Henry Kendall and Adam Lindsay Gordon. There are also works by many well-known novelists, including "The Fortunes of Richard Mahony" by Henry Handel. Non-fictional works include texts by Watkin Tench and Frederick Sinnett. All the texts are available online and it is possible to search the collection in a variety of different manners, for example by author, title or publication date. However, one of the site's most interesting features is the ability to search texts via keywords. This site is a valuable resource for both teaching and research purposes.
Bartleby Great Books Online offers comprehensive free access to literature and reference material in electronic form (HTML). The texts are largely English and American classics. The extensive range of works includes, for example, anthologies of English and American Poetry such as the Oxford Book of English Verse and Modern British Poetry. The work of individual poets is also included, such as William Shakespeare; T.S. Eliot; Robert Frost; Gertrude Stein; A.E. Housman; Percy Bysshe Shelley; and William Wordsworth. Prose and fiction authors include John Buchan; G.K. Chesterton; Agatha Christie; John Stuart Mill; H.G. Wells; Mary Wollstonecraft; and Virginia Woolf. The catalogue of verse, reference, fiction and non-fiction may be searched by author, subject and title, and includes a wide range of encyclopaedias and dictionaries. These include dictionaries of word usage and quotations, including the most recent edition of John Bartlett's Familiar Quotations and classic reference texts such as Gray's Anatomy and Strunk's Elements of Style. Full bibliographical details are included for all resources, which are particular useful when referencing online material. Sponsored by Amazon.com, this site links to an online bookstore, but the range of material available free of charge is vast, making it useful across a range of subjects and levels of research. A weekly newsletter and email updates are available.
Bibliomania.com is a commercial website that provides the full-texts of over 2,000 out-of-copyright English and American novels. Every text that one might reasonably expect to find in a paperback classic edition at a bookshop is available here. The site's contents include several 'study guide' texts mainly written by Oxford University graduates for those books frequently taught in schools, such as Huxley's "Brave New World". More than just plot summaries closely examining characters, themes and structure, the guides are designed to be of particular interest to students and their teachers or tutors. The site also has a homework/revision/query help section where you can email any English literature questions to the team. There is also a short history of the novel, divided by period and genre.For each featured author the site provides a short biography and links to electronic texts of their most widely read works. The electronic texts themselves are divided into chapters, ensuring download times are acceptable even over slow connections. Each text has its own message board. New books are added every month, along with new articles and interviews. The "research" area houses a library of reference books, biographies, and religious texts. It contains fully searchable copies of language reference books, including dictionaries, books of quotations and a thesaurus. Also included are non-fiction books with subjects ranging from history, to economics, to psychology, with major religious texts area in embryo. Erotic fiction includes The Kama Sutra and The Perfumed Garden. A free electronic concordance to each text on the site is provided. A search engine is provided with the site. Via the Search Engine one can look for individual words or whole phrases, search across either an individual text, the entire works of a specific author, or even groups of authors, enabling a comparison of the presence of specific words or phrases, across, for example, the Victorian period. The concordances provide you, within seconds, with a list of hyperlinked locations where the relevant search term can be found.
Books from the Past is a project that aims to make freely available on the web books in English and Welsh that 'have long been out of print and are unlikely to be reprinted by traditional means'. The books are chosen by the Welsh Books Council. Full bibliographic details are provided. At the time of writing, ten books in Welsh and eight in English, dating from the late eighteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries, are available for download (in PDF, ASCII and RTF formats) and browsing and searching (full-text) on the Web. Texts available here comprise works of poetry, plays and fiction, including: Dafydd Dafis; Caniadau; Ephraim Harris; Anna: or memoirs of a Welch heiress; Change; and The Human Factor. This site may interest book historians, as well as those studying English and Welsh language and literature.
Based at Shields Library, University of California, Davis, this project is creating scholarly electronic editions of works published by British women between 1789 and 1832. The selection of texts is guided by an advisory committee and many of the e-texts originate from the library's Kohler Collection of English poetry. The collection is of particular importance as it contains many extremely rare titles, as well as works by relatively unknown writers. The texts are encoded in SGML and are available for downloading as either SGML or HTML. Links are available to The Literary Encyclopedia, which includes an ongoing development of biographies for the writers in the digital collection.
The Cambridge Edition of the Poets Online provides online access to the complete works of several important poets and to some Elizabethan drama. The electronic texts are based on the series originally published by Houghton Mifflin during the latter half of the 19th century and the first decade of the 20th century, which were described by the publishers as 'illustrated household editions'. As well as illustrations, each volume includes a brief biographical sketch of the featured author, and individual poems are frequently introduced with a note observing the place of first publication. The texts are made available in Dj-Vu format, which requires a special plug-in viewer that can be freely downloaded via a link on the site. DjVu allows for full-text searching and the highlighting of terms on the page. Poets whose works are featured on the site include: Robert Browning; Oliver Wendell Holmes; John Keats; Henry Wadsworth Longfellow; James Russell Lowell; John Milton; Alexander Pope; Edmund Spenser; Alfred Tennyson; John Greenleaf Whittier; and William Wordsworth. The Elizabethan dramatists section includes works by a great number of Elizabethan and Jacobean playwrights, including: John Lyly; Robert Greene; Christopher Marlowe; Thomas Kyd; Ben Jonson; Thomas Dekker; John Marston; Thomas Heywood; Francis Beaumont; John Fletcher; John Webster; Thomas Middleton; Philip Massinger; and James Shirley. Students studying poetry or Renaissance literature would find this resource of use.
The Charlotte Mary Yonge Fellowship website is dedicated to scholarly and general information on the life and writing of Charlotte Mary Yonge (1823-1901), and is a valuable resource on a best-selling Victorian author for researchers at all levels. The site offers background on Yonge's prolific output of over 250 works, some of which were reprinted many times and published all over the world, both in their original English and in translation. Included on the site are publication details, with plot summaries, alongside contemporary and modern reviews, and general and scholarly material. Also available is a growing collection of complete Yonge works online. An extensive bibliography of secondary sources is included, as well as links to a range of other Victorian literary and artistic sites, membership information, and details of the Fellowship's twice-yearly Review and Journal, and the archive established at St. Hugh's College, Oxford University. The site is updated regularly.
The online resource 'Columbia Granger's World of Poetry' offers a bibliography and an impressive collection of poems written in English, Spanish, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Polish, Yiddish, Welsh, Gaelic, as well as in Anglo-Saxon, Provencal and Latin. The website includes: citations for 450,000 poems; the full-text of 250,000 poems and excerpts from many more; biographies and commentaries on hundreds of poets and poems; and a searchable glossary of terms. There are also full-text versions of select books of and about poetry published by Columbia University Press. The collection can be browsed using the author index, or by the list of categories. Words within poems are hyperlinked to the glossary, and definitions may be viewed on screen alongside the full-text of poems. The collection may be searched in its entirety or restricted to particular works. The online version is available via an annual subscription and is updated quarterly. A free trial account may be set up at the website, allowing users to sample what the online database has to offer.
The Complete Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Poetry is a Web page that contains plain-text electronic editions of a considerable number (but not all, despite its title) of Old English poems, produced by O.D. Macrae-Gibson on the basis of Greg Hidley's original work. Initially Hindley produced texts that were collations of the electronic texts of the 'Old English corpus' held by the 'Dictionary of Old English' with the printed texts of the 'Anglo-Saxon Poetic Records'. Macrae-Gibson has revised Hindley's work on the basis of more recent updates from the 'Dictionary of Old English', as well as further collations with printed material, facsimiles and manuscript readings. The resulting website aims to make available highly reliable editions of the extant Old English texts. The site offers only texts, with no: editorial comments on the collations; notes and background information; or Modern English translation. The site would benefit from a better organised main menu and from a more user-friendly navigation, but would be of use as a abasic tool for undergraduates and graduates studying these texts in their original language.
The Contemporary American Poetry Archive (CAPA) is an electronic archive which aims to make freely available on the Internet out of print volumes of 20th Century American poetry. The material is arranged alphabetically by author and copyright information on reprinting the works is provided. The site provides limited biographical information about the poets. At present about seventy volumes are archived. Books from commercial, university, and small presses are eligible for archiving; self-published and vanity press books are not considered. The archive is supported by Connecticut College, Department of English and Connecticut College Libraries.
The Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse is a website containing a database of over 50 medieval texts encoded in SGML, complete with full bibliographic details. The Corpus is set eventually to expand to include all texts which formed the basis for the Middle English Dictionary. The entire corpus may be searched in a variety of ways and texts may be searched individually or grouped together. The full texts themselves can be browsed and accessed from the search page (although some texts are large and take some time to open), which also links to the Middle English Dictionary and the full bibliography of all the sources used in the compilation of the Dictionary. The standard of presentation is high throughout the site, with the text display kept clear and simple. The site will undoubtedly prove useful to researchers and students of medieval English literature.
The Dictionary of old English is the website of an electronic dictionary based on the DOEC (Dictionary of Old English Corpus) and is an ongoing project of the University of Toronto. The DOEC contains the full-texts of nearly all known Anglo-Saxon texts - from the law code issued by Athelbert of Kent (c.580-616) to the closing annal of the Old English Chronicle in 1154. Versions of texts that have been transcribed in different dialects or at different times are included in the DOEC. The corpus consists of over 3,000 documents and is available (via subscription) online. As of 2006, volumes 'A' to 'F' of the Dictionary of Old English have been completed and published, with work continuing further down the alphabet. These volumes can be bought on CD-ROM. The website does allow users to search freely for variant spellings in the Dictionary, but citations can only be viewed if the user or their institution has a subscription to the Corpus. A list of texts cited in the Dictionary (with bibliographic information) is also available free. This site would be of use to researchers working in the fields of Anglo-Saxon literature or language, but gives limited options without subscription. The corpus can be ordered via the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)) on completion of the request access form.
The Dime Novels and Penny Dreadfuls website has been developed by the Stanford University Library to provide access to their holdings of particular nineteenth- and early twentieth-century ephemera known as dime novel series and story papers. The site currently allows browsing by title and by various categories, for instance, by geographic setting, to over 8,000 individual items in the collection. Full online access with full-text search to nine selected texts provides samples to the two genres popular among working-class audiences in America and Britain. Visitors to the site can also view over 2,000 large, high-quality images of cover art for bibliographic purposes, as well as many thumbnails. A visually enhanced timeline is provided to chart and contextualise the rise and fall of these once widely circulated genres. In addition, three guided tours are available to familiarise readers with the printing processes of black and white reproduction used in dime novels and story papers.This site introduces scholars and students to these neglected genres and lists the texts that are available for further research at Stanford University.
DjVu Editions is an online library, largely of classic texts, which may be downloaded in full in DjVu, PDF, and JPEG formats. The collection contains over 30,000 pages and is fully searchable by author or title. It also includes the 'Century Dictionary', which was the first book to be undertaken by the project, which aims to offer an experience as close to that of reading a paper book as possible. Authors whose work is part of the collection include Jane Austen, Geoffrey Chaucer, Charles Dickens, Thomas Hardy, William Shakespeare, William Wordsworth and W. B. Yeats, amongst many others. Due to the nature of the site and its aim to offer the actual pages of the text for the user to read, texts 'may be cited with perfect accuracy by traditional means', thereby overcoming the potentially changing nature of web texts that can complicate citations of online material. This site is easy to use, covers a wide range of the literary canon in English, and offers a broadly valuable resource.
Early American Fiction is a database available via the Internet or on CD-ROM, containing the full-texts of 422 works by eighty-one authors. It includes novels and short stories written before 1850, the earliest being William Hill Brown's The Power of Sympathy (1789). The selection policy was to include authors renowned in their lifetime, and is based on the Bibliography of American Literature and Lyle H. Wright's American Fiction 1774-1850. The first editions of texts were chosen for digitisation. As well as digitising the full-texts, every page has also been digitised as an image (including illustrations, covers, and prefaces). The collection is fully searchable by keyword, and results give the keyword-in-context, from which one can explore the full-text. The online version can be explored in combination with Literature Online for those users that have access to the latter and requires an additional username and password.
Early English Books Online (EEBO) is a digital collection of over 125,000 books published between 1473 and 1700. Works include: novels; prayer books; pamphlets and proclamations; almanacs; calendars; and many other primary sources, providing opportunities for research across: history; literature; religion; music; science; mathematics and the arts of Renaissance and seventeenth-century England. The literary content of the database includes works by writers such as: Malory; Shakespeare; More; Locke; Behn; Dryden; Bacon; Erasmus; and Galileo. A powerful search engine enables the user to search fields including: author; title; printer; publication date; type of illustration; and Library of Congress subject heading. The results may then be viewed as scalable images, downloaded as PDF documents, or, in some cases, viewed as text files. Full bibliographic details are provided for each text. The resolution at which the books have been scanned is high, providing a good level of detail at some expense to download speed. Early English Books Online is a subscription service available to UK HE/FE institutions under a national license agreement negotiated by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This resource would be of interest to those interested in book history, as well as anyone studying one of the early texts presented on the site.
Elizabethan Authors is an online full-text database created by Robert Brazil and Barboura Flues. The website provides a good range of resources for students and researchers of Renaissance literature, including primary texts. The texts are divided by genre, including: drama; satire; poetry; fiction; and sixteenth-century literary criticism. Texts are transcribed either in original or modern spelling and are usually accompanied by glossaries and appendices. The quality of transcriptions appears to be fair, but critical and/or original editions should nonetheless be consulted for scholarly purposes. There is also a reasonable selection of secondary resources relating to history and authorship studies, as well as Elizabethan authors and related links. The site also features a search facility and the editors provide a useful and extensive list of suggested search terms to assist the visitor.
"Elizabethan Sonneteers" is a good website for those studying Renaissance literature or for undergraduate students undertaking a survey class of English Literature. The 16th-century was one of the most avid periods of sonnet writing, during which time it is estimated that nearly 300,000 sonnets were written in Western Europe. The site provides several essays on Elizabethan sonnets, which together provide a detailed history. Over twenty poets are represented on the site, each with a link to e-text versions of their works.
This is the website for the Emory Women Writers Resource Project, which is based at Emory University in the United States. The project consists of a collection of edited and unedited texts by women writers from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century. It has been designed as a teaching resource for undergraduates learning to edit literary texts. The resource provides an alphabetical list of authors, which includes writers such as Aphra Behn and Margaret Cavendish, as well as lesser known authors and works by anonymous authors. Alternatively, users can choose material according to the ethnic origin of the writer. These categories include Caucasian, Native American and African American. Prose, poetry and dramatic texts are available online. It is possible to select either edited or unedited versions of a particular text, allowing students to compare their own work with fully edited versions. The site offers suggested assignments for students and recommended further reading.The site was commended in 1998 by the Scout Report, the premier weekly collection of useful Internet sites.
Published by the English Department's Early Modern Center at the University of California at Santa Barbara, this website is about the English Broadside Ballad Archive (EBBA), which concentrates on collecting together an online archive of 'surviving early ballads printed in English, with priority given to black-letter broadsides of the seventeenth century - the heyday of the printed broadside ballad'. EBBA's first project was to archive over 1,800 ballads in the Samuel Pepys collection, held at the Pepys Library at Magdalene College, Cambridge. These were collected by Pepys in five volumes. Due to their fragility, the Pepys Library has restricted access to the originals. Therefore, the Early Modern Center was awarded a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) to digitise the collection from 2006 to 2008. The website provides a searchable image database of the ballads, which can be reproduced in several sizes. There are also facsimile transcriptions, where "facsmile transcription" is defined as 'facsimile reproductions of all the ornament of the ballads (pictures and border woodcuts), but with a conversion of the older (usually black-letter) font into modern roman font. Thus, in looking at a facsimile transcription, the viewer will be able to get a very good impression of what the ballad originally looked like while at the same time be able to read the text with ease.' The songs section includes sound recordings of the ballads, for which software is required. Finally, the background essays cover such areas as 'paper making, the printing process, black-letter print and ballad ornament, popular ballad authors (such as Martin Parker), ballad music, and ballad measure.'
'English Literature: early 17th Century (1603-1660)' is part of the Luminarium web pages and contains a wealth of material relating to seventeenth-century writers active between 1603 and (approximately) 1660. Writers represented on the site include: John Donne; John Milton; George Herbert; John Webster; and Francis Bacon among others. For each author the site includes: links to online editions of their works; a biography and timeline; a selection of their more famous quotations; links to related materials; and related student essays and published journal articles. These online articles are particularly useful and noteworthy, and set this site apart from its rivals. The information given about each writer is comprehensive, and the original sources are cited. Where several different biographies are available online, links are given to each. In addition to the author-specific material, the site provides short histories of the 'Cavalier' and 'Metaphysical' poets. The site has a good search engine and is superbly presented, being illustrated with contemporary paintings and designs, including portraits of most of the authors. This resource should be bookmarked by every student of pre-Restoration 17th-century literature.
The EServer.org website began in 1990 with a few critical publications and is now hosted by Iowa State University and has over 35,000 publications, with the number growing. This site will be of interest to a range of students as it provides indepth links to subjects such as: art; architecture; aesthetic theories; cultural theory; cybertheory; government; bibliographies; calls for papers; drama; education; feminism; scholarly resources and journals and too many more to name. The plethora of works available ensures many students will find something pertinent. Of the myriad critical studies these are some well-know names: Mary Wollstonecraft; Aphra Behn; Marx; William Faulkner; Jane Austen; Samuel Johnson; Mona Lisa and again, many many more. Each section is divided by subject heading and then within that section are links to primary sources, secondary and critical sources also although most sources are text documents there are often images and links to external sites included.
Everypoet.com is a website aimed at poetry enthusiasts. Whilst not scholarly in orientation, the site does contain a large archive of electronic poetry. For example, there are good selections from: TS Eliot; William Wordsworth; Wallace Stevens; Edgar Alan Poe; Geoffrey Chaucer; Amy Lowell; Oscar Wilde; and William Shakespeare. The site also offers poetry discussion forums, opportunities for new poets to publish their poetry online, and a haiku generator.
The Faber Poetry Library provides electronic access to Faber's most popular poets. The database includes the full-text of thousands of works by fifty British, Irish and post-colonial poets, including: Simon Armitage, Douglas Dunn, T.S. Eliot, Lavinia Greenlaw, Thomas Gunn, Seamus Heaney, Ted Hughes, David Jones, Paul Muldoon, Tom Paulin, Katherine Pierpoint, Sylvia Plath, Stephen Spender, Edward Thomas, and Hugo Williams. Future versions will add further writers to this collection. For each writer, the full contents of the published volumes of their works are included, enabling one to analyse single publications as well as working with the collection as a whole.The Faber Poetry Library can be browsed by author and title. It is also fully searchable, by keyword and phrase. Boolean expressions and wildcards can be used for more complex searching. These can run across the entire collection or be restricted to the first lines of poems, works by a single author or by date. Results show the keywords-in-context, with links to the full work. Any document can be saved as plain text or SGML files. The Faber Poetry Library is available on CD-ROM and online. The online database may be accessed independently or in combination with the other literary databases available via Chadwyck-Healey's 'Literature Online', through a subscribing institution.
The Humanities Text Initiative (HTI), based at the University of Michigan, is an umbrella organisllent resource, providing online texts for a broad range of subjects, including English literature, philosophy, theology, history and linguistics. The collection contains several versions of the Bible, a version of the Koran and texts in Middle English, as well as modern English. It is possible to search the online text collection in a variety of different manners. Browsing is facilitated by the site's inclusion of two alphabetical lists, arranged by author and also title; it is also possible to view the collection using the Dewey Decimal Classification System. Collaborative projects have resulted in the creation of a number of specialised online texts collections being developed on the HTI's main site. Examples include: the American Verse Project and the Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse. All of the collections are fully searchable.
"The Hunterian Collection" website provides a brief overview and guide to the vast library of rare books collected by Dr William Hunter (1718-1783), doctor to Queen Charlotte and eminent anatomist. The collection, housed at the University of Glasgow, is one of the most significant in the UK, and contains over 10,000 printed books and 650 manuscripts. The manuscript collection includes substantial medieval and Renaissance materials, and over 100 Persian, Arabic and Sinilogical documents. The printed books include 534 incunabula (ten Caxtons) and a vast quantity of sixteenth century volumes. Unsurprisingly, a large proportion of the materials are of a medical nature (including editions of Hippocrates, Galen and Harvey), however literature is also well-represented, as is travel. There are materials on the East Indies and the South Seas. The Hunterian Collection also contains Hunter's own materials as well as those of his mentor James Douglas. The site lists finding aids and descriptions, with links to the online exhibitions or to the library catalogue for some of its holdings. Also, the items from the collection featured in the "book of the month" articles on the main page of the University of Glasgow website are listed separately with their respective links.
This website provides information about the book collection, held at the Lilly Library, Indiana University, that was built up by British author, journalist, book collector and Second World War Navy Commander, Ian Fleming (1908-1964). Fleming is most well-known as the creator of the character James Bond in 12 books and two short stories, leading to the enormously successful Bond films, as well as the author of the children's story Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, which was written for his son, Caspar. However, he was also a book collector, and he amassed a fine collection of books which concentrated on intellectual and technical progress from 1800. It included first editions of books on aeronautics, the telegraph and radio, as well as original papers describing x-rays and original material relating to the early background of of the atomic theory. In 1963, Fleming’s library formed the largest contribution by any individual collector to the London exhibition Printing and the Mind of Man. The website includes: a list of the Fleming manuscripts held at the library, 1952-1962; a link to an online exhibition catalogue about Fleming's book collection, entitled 'The Ian Fleming Collection of 19th-20th Century Source Material Concerning Western Civilization together with the Originals of the James Bond-007 Tales', written by David A. Randall, a Librarian at the Lilly Library; and a list of scientific articles collected by Ian Fleming.
The International Children's Digital Library is an online collection of several hundred children's books in 15 languages from several centuries of publishing. It is an invaluable resource for researchers of children's literature, as a great number of the few surviving items published between 1500 and 1900 can only be found in rare books collections around the world. Behind this website is an ongoing 5-year joint research project undertaken by University of Maryland's Human-Computer Interaction Laboratory and the Internet Archive. Its aim is to build a 10,000-strong multilingual collection of freely accessible digital books, presented in a format that preserves all original features, for children between the ages of three and 13, and to develop software solutions that would facilitate and encourage the reading of ebooks by children. The library is searchable by: keyword; author; title; category; and location, and includes both a basic version (designed to be accessed via a modem and requiring no additional software) and an enhanced one (aimed at broadband users), which offers a host of extra features such as extra book formats, visual searches, book previews, etc. providing that the machine used to access it supports Java and the Adobe ebook fomat.
The Internet Poetry Archive is a multimedia resource that aims to bring contemporary poetry to a larger audience and to offer new ways of teaching and studying such poems. The project contains selected works by: Philip Levine; Robert Pinsky; Yusef Komunyakaa; Margaret Walker; Richard Wilbur; Seamus Heaney; and Czeslaw Milosz. The poems are presented in their original languages as well as in English translation, and are accompanied by authors' comments. Poems and comments are also accessible as audio files, and a critical biography and brief bibliography is provided for each poet. Additional features include: "Questions from the audience" sessions; panels on the poetry of several featured poets; and a few video files. Links are provided to: talks; lectures; and other related events. This site would be of interest to those studying English literature or creative writing, or readers of poetry more generally.
The “Irish Writers Centre” website supports Irish writers by organising events, publishing anthologies and resources, and disseminating news and information. The resource offers an extensive collection of essays, reference materials, and up-to-date news items. The site advertises the facilities provided by the centre itself and the courses and events that they organise. In addition, there are links to the many resources and organisations supported by the centre. Directories available from the site include the Contemporary Irish Writers Database, which contains biographical and bibliographical details, and the Writer's Directory, containing information on writers available for readings and workshops. There is an online anthology of selected Irish writing and links to other such collections as well as access to essays on subjects such as the future of Irish fiction, contemporary poetry, Irish theatre, and globalisation. An online newsletter publicises events and new writings and there is a discussion forum with a message archive. The wealth of material on the website should make it a rewarding resource for anyone interested in contemporary Irish writing.
KidPrint is an online database published by the Streetprint Engine, a publishing initiative of the University of Alberta's CRC Humanities Computing Studio. The database contains digitised editions of British children's books published in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Currently only a small number of texts are available, and these include familiar fairytales such as Cinderella, Little Red Riding Hood and Tom Thumb, as well as lesser known stories like Riquet with the Tuft, and an intriguing child's hieroglyphic bible. The texts can either be searched or browsed by title, author, date and document type, and the standard of reproduction is very high.
The Labyrinth Library: Old English literature website provides access to Anglo-Saxon texts. The site includes: poetry; prose; and liturgical texts in the original language. The site also has a section on contemporary composition in Old English and another section on reference works. This website forms part of the Labyrinth Library: Resources for medieval studies from Georgetown University. The Labyrinth Library was set up with the objective of providing free organised access to electronic resources on medieval studies via the World Wide Web. It is possible to search the Labyrinth Library as a whole using either a basic or an advanced search.
Labyrinth Library Middle English Bookcase provides access to online Middle English texts. The material on the site includes anthologies, collections and corpera, drama texts, anonymous works and works by specific authors such as Geoffrey Chaucer (c.1343-1400), William Dunbar (c.1460-c.1520) and John Gower (c.1330-1408). The Labyrinth Library Middle English Bookcase forms part of the Labyrinth Library: Resources for medieval studies from Georgetown University. The Labyrinth Library was set up with the objective of providing free organised access to electronic resources on medieval studies via the World Wide Web. It is possible to search the Labyrinth Library as a whole using either a basic or an advanced search.
Karl Young is a poet and a publisher of poetry under the imprint 'Light & Dust', based in Kenosha, Wisconsin. This extensive online anthology aims to present 'late 20th - early 21st Century poetry from a number of different points of view and means of presentation'. The focus is mainly on American poetry, but resources related to, for example, contemporary Hungarian poets are also included. The Anthology consists partly of work originally published by Young as well as work from other publishers. A substantial number of authors are represented, and there is work by many significant names, including Theodore Enslin, Jackson Mac Low, Michael McClure, bp Nichol, Kenneth Patchen and Carl Rakosi. There are extensive links to related critical material and to home pages of some of the contributors. This site is also the host of an online visual poetry magazine entitled 'Kaldron', which includes poetry, criticism and reviews. Karl Young explains the rationale behind this anthology in his essay 'Toward an Ideal Anthology' (accessed via his home page). One drawback of this resource is the layout - as the main sections are not displayed on the same page, the user has to scroll down a long list of resources, without any indication where particular items might be located.
This is the website for The Literary Gothic which has been developed by Jack Voller at Southern Illinois University. The site aims to provide an archive of electronic texts relating to Gothic literature and ghost fiction throughout the high Gothic period (1764-1820). There are also some texts and resources relating to the post-Gothic period up to 1950.The site is searchable by author or by title of work. Author pages feature a short biographical summary, a list of online texts, and links to related sites on the Internet. These recommended sites are generally specific to each particular author, so there is little duplication of information. The Literary Gothic features an extensive range of authors, including Ann Radcliffe, Mary Braddon, Wilkie Collins, and Matthew Lewis. At the moment, the online archive does not include ballads.The site provides a list of links for those working on Gothic literature, including discussion groups for specific topics such as ghost stories and folklore.
The Literature Collection Web pages are part of the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections and consist of a diverse selection of literature, useful across all levels of study. The collection includes: texts from the medieval to the modern; in translation and the original languages; classic and contemporary poetry; and a 'rich vein of information' on James Joyce. The texts are accessed as electronic facsimiles. With a deliberate policy of diversity of content, the collection is aimed at both serious researchers and those interested in broadening their awareness of literary and non-literary texts. Material in the collection includes: 'Beowulf : A New Translation for Oral Delivery'; 'The Deipnosophists, or, Banquet of the Learned of Athenaeus'; 'Fables' by Robert Louis Stevenson; The Nordic Translation Series; The Robert Southey Collection; Selected Works of Edith Nash; and the Wisconsin Literary Magazine. Related materials are included, as well as background and/or biographical information, as appropriate for each text. A full search engine is available and works can also be browsed by: author; subcollection; and title. The site is attractively presented and user-friendly.
Literature Online (LION) is a fully searchable library of more than a third of a million works of poetry, prose and drama in English, plus full-text literary journals, biographies and key criticism and reference resources including the Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature. Content dates from the 7th century to the present day. The digital versions include annotations by the author, critical apparatus, and any images and illustrations of the print version being digitised. These have been encoded in SGML (recording structural information such as paragraph breaks, chapters and page numbering), although the texts are delivered as HTML Web pages. The electronic texts maintain spelling and orthographic idiosyncrasies. The databases can be cross-searched by author, title and keyword. Individual databases have other search functions. Access is via institutional subscription. Literature Online is available to UK HE/FE institutions under a national license agreement negotiated by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This description is based upon that provided by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
Lost poets of the Great War is a website devoted to poets killed in World War I. The poets commemorated are: Rupert Brooke; John McCrae; Wilfred Owen; Isaac Rosenberg; Alan Seeger; and Edward Thomas. For each poet, there is a short biography and a selection of poems. There are also poems by: Mary Henderson; Alice Meynell; Margaret Sackville; Edgell Rickwood; Ernest Hemingway; and Muriel Stuart. Other features include: a sound file of a letter from Wilfred Owen to Sir Osbert Sitwell in July 1918; responses of various poets to John McCrae's 'Flanders Fields'; and a discussion of Christian imagery used in war poetry. There is also information on the war and its chronology, which includes a film file on the end of the First World War. A bibliography is provided, as well as images of: posters; postcards; and pictures from the war. The site is worthwhile for those studying war poetry or any of the individual poets, as well as those with a general interest in the Great War.
The beautifully crafted and highly useful 'Luminarium' website, created and edited by Anniina Jokinen, is an excellent resource for all students of early English literature and literary history, as well as the allied subjects of: history; religious studies; and philosophy. The site offers four different collections of literary works and resources relating to the period from the later middle ages to the Restoration. The first section, an anthology of Middle English literature (1350 – 1485), includes links to the writings of: Chaucer; Margery Kempe; and Julian of Norwich; as well as an assortment of plays and lyrical works. The second grouping is of resources relating to Renaissance literature (1485-1603) and contains links to the works of such recognizable authors as: More; Spenser; Hooker; Marlowe; Gascoigne; and, of course, Shakespeare. The third series covers the early 17th Century until 1660, and once again offers a substantial number of resources and links relating to: Bacon; Donne; Lovelace; and Cowley, just to name a few. The final section covers the Restoration period, including authors such as: Pepys; Dryden; Pope and Jonathan Swift. This site is an excellent starting point for the study of early English literature, particularly for the undergraduate user, as the compiler has spent considerable effort in gathering and posting articles, citations and essays (both student and professional) for each of the seventy-plus authors. The images and striking web-design that accompany these secondary resources make this site not only a literary feast, but also a visual one.
'Making the Modern Reader: Cultural Mediation in Early Modern Literary Anthologies' by Professor Barbara M. Benedict (of Trinity College, Connecticut) is the complete online text of a book published by Princeton University Press. The book explores the role of anthologies in the formation of a literary canon during the Restoration and 18th century and seeks to demonstrate how 'anthologies of the time often created a consensus of literary and aesthetic values by providing a bridge between the tastes of authors, editors, printers, booksellers, and readers'. Benedict also looks at the changing status and definition of 'the reader' during the 18th century. The book may be browsed by chapter or searched in its entirety via a search engine. Footnotes are hyperlinked from the body of the text. Students of English literature and critical theory would find this book of interest.
Ben R. Schneider Jr. provides this online electronic database of early modern books, and older school-book texts popular with early modern readers. These all engage on some level with the subject of moral philosophy. Included are: conduct books such as Sir Thomas Elyots' 'The Boke Named the Governour' (1531) and Count Baldassare Castiglione's 'The Book of the Courtier' (1528; trans. Thomas Hoby 1561); biographies such as Plutarch's Lives; and works dealing with moral philosophy more directly, such as Bishop Joseph Hall's 'Characters of Virtues and Vices' (1608). Transcriptions appear to be fair, although authoritative hardcopy editions should be consulted for research purposes. Useful indices to the texts are provided and the site also features a links page focussing upon online resources dedicated to Stoic philosophy. Schneider is Emeritus professor of English at Lawrence University.
This online resource is provided as a companion to the Anthology of Modern American Poetry published by Oxford University Press, and maintained by the University of Illinois. It contains sites for over 150 individual American poets. For each poet, the site provides a picture; brief biography; selected criticism of major works; and further links of greater specificity. For most poets, a bibliography is also provided. If available, excerpts of interviews and autobiographical writings are published. The biographical notes are concise but useful, and the critical selections are well chosen and edited, providing a brief but comprehensive view of the range of critical views on each writer. The site is easily navigable and well-presented, despite some ugly fonts. Links are current. The site is most useful for undergraduates and general readers, and as a first point of reference for all. It is especially useful for its coverage of more obscure figures who might not have another site of such accuracy devoted to them.
The Modern English Collection is an online collection of literary texts in English dating back to 1500. It consists of a wide variety of SGML encoded texts: fiction, non-fiction, poetry, drama, letters, newspapers, manuscripts, and illustrations. The collection can be browsed by author's name or by category of interest. The categories include: texts by African Americans; texts by women writers; texts about the American Civil War; texts by and about Thomas Jefferson; Alexander Hamilton; best sellers 1900 - 1930; texts for young readers; literature in translation; items from the University of Virginia's special collection. The collection is part of the EText Center at the University of Virginia.
The Modern Word is a Web resource devoted to experimental and avant-garde 20th century writers. It includes writers associated with modernism, surrealism, magical realism and postmodernism. There are separate self-contained Web pages for Samuel Beckett; Jorge Luis Borges; James Joyce; Italo Calvino; Carlos Fuentes; Gabriel García Márquez; Franz Kafka; Umberto Eco; and Thomas Pynchon. The 'Scriptorium' section features an index of modern, experimental writers, including Edward Albee, J. G. Ballard and Angela Carter. The site includes a monthly newsletter, called 'Spiral Bound', with information on interesting links, recent site updates and fiction writing classes run in conjunction with The Modern Word. Also featured are an annual high school essay writing contest, occasional book reviews, and a gallery of images by Paul Joyce, great grandnephew of James Joyce, based upon his visual explorations of Ulysses. The site is a worthwhile starting point for exploring a wide range of recent novelists. The separate author Web pages are all highly recommended.
Mystery Short Fiction: 1990-2006 is an index to mystery magazines, anthologies and single author collections. The resource is an ongoing project by William G. Contento, aiming to list all short fiction in the mystery genre published in English from 1990 onwards. Part of the project is the ongoing search for missing items and new material so the resource is regularly updated and suggestions for inclusion are welcomed. The layout of the site is along the lines of a printed catalogue, so is very plain and straightforward to use, offering information for researchers in the mystery genre at all levels. Under the Table of Contents are an Introduction and subheadings including Books, Magazines and Stories. These are listed by title and author for ease of location. Other features include chronological and series listings and information relating to the index itself, such as Statistics, Known Missing Books, Known Missing Magazines, and a bibliography. Some of the pages cover up to 2004 at the time of cataloguing. There are links to other online indexes in which William G. Contento has an involvement.
The Canadian Poetry Archive website, part of Library and Archives Canada, features selected poems from over 100 early English- and French-language Canadian poets, digitized from public domain anthologies found in the National Library of Canada's collection. The Canadian Poetry Archive database is searchable by poet, title, keywords and date. Author, title and date indexes can also be browsed. Detailed biographical information is provided for some of the more prominent poets in the database. The website is available in French or English versions.
The New Zealand Electronic Poetry Centre (NZEPC) has been established to promote New Zealand poets and poetry, and to provide an electronic gateway to poetry resources in the Pacific region. The site collates archival and publishing information, and provides access to the online texts of poems, commentary, interviews, and criticism. The centre works in collaboration with established New Zealand poets such as Alan Brunton, A. R. D. Fairburn, Robin Hyde, Michele Leggott, Bill Manhire, Elizabeth Smither, Kendrick Smithyman, Robert Sullivan, and Ian Wedde. There were twenty featured poets in total at the time of writing. Each poet has their own page, containing a portrait, bibliography, various online poems, secondary materials, audio and audiovisual files, and links. The site may otherwise be browsed for essays and interviews, audio recordings, poems, and archival records. There are several 'features' sections, focusing on particular topics, such as: the poetry of Dunedin; a selection of texts from 'Whetu Moana: Contemporary Polynesian Poems in English'; Twelve recordings from the Aotearoa / New Zealand Poetry Sound Archive; and a selection of responses to 'Big Smoke: New Zealand Poems 1960-1975' commenting on and contextualising the era and the work it produced. This is an excellent site that should prove essential reading for anyone interested in twentieth-century and contemporary New Zealand poetry.
Norton Topics Online is a Web companion to the Norton Anthology of English Literature. This free and comprehensive resource is aimed at students up to undergraduate level and offers topics for study and discussion under subject areas defined by specific periods of English Literature. The periods covered are the Middle Ages, the Sixteenth Century, the Early Seventeenth Century, the Restoration and Eighteenth Century, the Romantic Period, the Victorian Age and the Twentieth Century. Each period has four topics designed to stimulate critical thinking and generate research papers, and each period's page lists relevant and annotated links to other Web resources to help users gain more information. The site is fully searchable, and has links to the Norton Anthology of English Literature and the Norton Online Archive, with its electronic library of over one hundred and fifty literary texts and downloadable files - including audio readings (RealAudio software required). There are also review materials, quizzes, authors' notes and website overviews for both teachers and students. This is an attractively presented and easily usable site, providing an accessible starting point for research and background study.
Consisting of primary texts that range from "Aesop's Fables" to "The Invisible Man" by H.G. Wells, The Online Literature Library is a large resource of important texts in Western literature. These are primarily examples of anglophone literature. Designed to make essential texts available to a wide readership, the site is not only concerned with fiction and poetry, but also includes an excellent version of Darwin's "Origin of Species". By presenting the texts chapter by chapter, rather than in a single chunk, searching is simple and fast. Links to other chapters are at the top and bottom of each page, thereby further aiding navigation. Unfortunately, The Online Literature Library contains only about 50 texts. However, all these texts are available in full length. Certain users may also appreciate the fact that it is a fast loading site, as opposed, for example, to books.google.com. Thanks to the foregoing characteristics, The Online Literature Library remains one of the most important literary resources on the Internet. This website will be of interest to students of literature, researchers and general readers.
The Philological museum is a library of online humanistic texts published by the Shakespeare Institute at the University of Birmingham. Its sizeable collection of letters, plays, poems and essays are principally written by British humanists in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Authors include Sir Francis Bacon, George Buchanan, William Camden, Sir Francis Kynaston and John Milton, among others. The hypertext editions used are prepared specifically for the online library by Professor Dana Sutton of the University of California. In addition to this excellent collection, the site contains a bibliography of neo-Latin texts publically available on the web with hyperlinks. There is a search engine for the entire site.
The Poet's Corner website is a large, ever-growing online library of public domain poetry in English. The site currently publishes over 7,000 poems by more than 700 writers. Well-known poems exist alongside lesser-known works and the breadth of content includes: medieval ballads in middle English; traditional American ballads; popular songs and interpretations of Native American chants; and standard 'favourites' of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Short biographies are provided for many of the poets in the collection. Poems can be browsed via a range of indexes, including: author; subject; title; and first line. The site is aimed more towards the general public than scholars, and although the poems do not come with full bibliographic records, a partial bibliography is provided.
Poetry Daily is an online and non-profit poetry anthology, newsletter and bookstore. Every day a new contemporary poem is featured, complete with information about the (usually American) author. An archive makes all past poetry available to readers, and includes work by well-known poets such as A. R. Ammons, Yves Bonnefoy and Seamus Heaney. However, of most interest to poetry scholars will be the archive of interviews with writers and the newsletter. Robert Bly, David Lehman and Ruth Stone have all submitted to interviews, which although pitched at the general reader are illuminating and probing. The newsletter is primarily a reviews section, and probably Poetry Daily's most impressive aspect. Some thirty or so reviews are carried at any one time, making the site an invaluable resource for those interested in contemporary poetry.
Poets.org is the website of the Academy of American Poets, an organisation that provides: poetry events, resources and fora in the US. As well as providing information on the Academy and its activities, the site also provides the texts of thousands of poems as well as hundreds of: poet biographies; essays; interviews; and poetry recordings. Featured poets are not restricted to American writers alone, the criteria being that they write in English. Poems can be browsed by 'occasion' (for love, grief, seasonal etc.) or searched by title or author. A section for 'educators' is also provided, which gives: tips and essays on teaching poetry and lesson plans, which although aimed at the American school system, would also be useful for teachers in the UK. This is a large, well-presented site that is regularly updated and offers a great deal to those interested in poetry in general and also more specifically in America. The site is often targeted more toward the enthusiast than the scholar, but the information and electronic texts it provides should ensure it is not without usefulness to the academic.
This is the website of the Ralph Waldo Emerson Society, a society founded in 1989 and dedicated to encouraging scholarship on, and appreciation of, the life and work of the American lecturer, essayist and poet Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882). The site provides a bibliography of his work (which includes links to electronic texts) and an extensive list of books and articles about him. Numerous photographs, engravings and drawings of Emerson are reproduced in the 'Images' section and a comprehensive chronology is provided. An 'Emerson Ephemera' page supplies all sorts of interesting information and refutes the long-held belief that Emerson was responsible for commenting: "Build a better mousetrap and the world will beat a path to your door." This saying does not, apparently, appear in any of his published or unpublished work. Emerson was generally considered to be the leading exponent of American transcendentalism, a literary, philosophical and religious movement which flourished in the 1830s and 1840s. He co-founded the movement's periodical 'The Dial' in 1840. His famous 'Essays' were published in two volumes (1841 and 1844). The site offers a biannual newsletter and journal, 'Emerson Society Papers,' which is published in the autumn and spring. It additionally describes the Society's activities, events, conferences, research funding, fellowships and membership details; it posts relevant awards offered by, and events held by, other organisations as well.
The Renaissance Electronic Texts website is an online resource that publishes a series of selected English Renaissance texts of printed books and manuscripts. The texts are in plain text, and use the original spelling of the works. The site is published by the University of Toronto Library Web Publishing Group, with Professor Ian Lancashire as the general editor. The site was developed to support Professor Lancashire's English Renaissance courses offered at the University of Toronto's English Department, and is an excellent example of coordinating library publishing to support departmental curriculum. Several of the works represented as new editions in e-text include The Elizabethean Homilies, such as "Certaine Sermons Or Homilies appointed to be read in Churches, In the time of the late Queene Elizabeth of famous memory" (London, 1623), written by Edmunds Bonner, John Harpefield, and Thomas Becon; The English School-maister by Edmund Coote; and Shakespeare's Sonnets.
The Renascence Editions website provides electronic, full-text digital editions of printed works published between 1477-1799. These editions are described as 'hobby editions' rather than scholarly editions, by the general editor and publisher Risa Bear (University of Oregon), but they are generally of a high standard, and often prepared by academics. A typical text includes brief information about its origin (occasionally this is about a digital rather than printed source), and the text itself. There is some variance on how texts are presented. Many of the editions of Shakespeare's works are presented as plain text without screen breaks. On the other hand, the edition of Milton's Paradise Lost includes a scan of the title page and then links to the full-text of each book. Available authors, as well as Shakespeare and Milton, include: Francis Bacon; Sir Thomas Browne; Samuel Daniel; Christopher Marlowe; Thomas More; Edmund Spenser; William Wordsworth; and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. This site would be of interest to anyone teaching these authors and texts, as well as their students.
Representative Poetry On-line is an anthology of British poetry from Caedmon in the seventh century to the present. Over 2,000 poems are included by over 350 different poets. The database of poetry may be searched by: poet; title; first line; keyword; or date. Bibliographic details are given for the source of each inclusion, along with some annotations. In addition to the poems, the site includes many key texts on poetics in both prose and verse, and an extensive glossary of poetic terms, which should prove a useful reference guide for the student. This site is based on the printed editions of 'Representative Poetry' published by the University of Toronto Press between 1912 and 1967. The electronic version includes some works that were not included in print and are difficult to obtain from other sources. Representative Poetry On-line is clearly presented and easy to use, and has received several awards.
Romantic Circles is a substantial website published by the University of Maryland devoted to the study of Romantic period literature and culture. It contains an 'Electronic Editions' collection which holds peer reviewed hypertext editions of lesser-known work by Mary and Percy Shelley and Keats plus William Hone's 'The Political House that Jack Built' and Mary Darby Robinson's 'Letter to the Women of England, on the Injustice of Mental Subordination'. Each of the electronic texts is surrounded by and linked to a series of texts, images, (and in places, sound files), which seek to represent the primary text's original context and something of its critical history. Some of the texts are marked-up in SGML, all are available in HTML files and some as plain ASCII files. Individual texts and the whole collection are searchable for key phrases. There is an ongoing programme of development adding hypertext editions by works of other writers of the period to the resources. Additionally, the site hosts: an online journal Romantic Praxis, which explores the use of computer technologies for the critical study of Romanticism; an online book reviewing section; a large 'Scholarly Resources' section containing bibliographies, chronologies and resource sites for individual authors; a 'Romantic Circles High School' section for teachers; a news section that includes details of forthcoming conferences; and a real-time discussion area for Romanticists.
The Romantic Era is a subsite of the larger Web site, Sonnet Central, and contains sonnets from over 70 poets of the 'Romantic' period. This is not a scholarly site, containing only a perfunctory introduction and failing to provide proper references for the texts it reproduces. Neverthess, as a compendium of poets writing in this form during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, it is a worthwhile collection. Among the most famous poets listed on the site are William Wordsworth (1770-1850), John Keats (1759-1821), Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822), Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834), Lord Byron (1788-1824), Charles Lamb (1775-1834), Robert Burns (1759-1796) and William Blake (1757-1827). A good number of more obscure poets are also included.
The website of the Salamander Oasis Trust provides more information on the organisation, which collects, edits and publishes poetry written by servicemen of all nations during the Second World War (1939-1945). Since the war some 20,000 poems have been collected and deposited at the Imperial War Museum, and some of these also published in anthologies. The Oasis poems were written by servicemen and women of all ranks on every battle front during World War II. The website provides news relating to the activities of the Trust (not recently updated at the time of writing), as well as selected poems from the Trust's collection, which can be browsed by author. Of particular interest is a selection of poems most recently published in an anthology called 'The Voice of War' that have been selected by one of the editors of the original Oasis anthology of poetry (Cairo, 1942-1943), Victor Selwyn MBE. These include works by: Les Cleveland; Melville Hardiment; Mary Harrison; Sydney Keyes; Edmund Lowbury; Dennis McHarrie; Spike Milligan; NT Morris; Frank Thompson; and Michael Thwaites. Students of English and history would both find this resource of interest.
Scottish Women Poets of the Romantic Period is a subscription service providing an anthology of primary texts along with selected secondary works. The database contains: 60 volumes of Romantic poetry by 47 separate poets; extensive contemporary critical reviews; specially commissioned essays by leading scholars; and lists of links to related websites. Researchers at subscribing institutions may browse the database by author, work, or secondary essay, or locate material with a flexible search engine. Non-subscribers may view some of the critical pieces free of charge. An introductory essay, discussing the unwarranted neglect of Scottish women poets, is also accessible to all.
The Scribbling Women site is an online resource for teaching American women's literature which is maintained by the Public Media Foundation. It provides access to a collection of audio dramatisations of plays and stories by leading American women writers of the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries. They include works by Rebecca Harding Davis; Louisa May Alcott; Mary E. Wilkins Freeman; Willa Cather; Charlotte Perkins Giman; Harriet Jacobs; Caroline Kiekland and Susan Glaspell. Also accessible are a wealth of associated teaching materials. They include biographies of the authors; summaries of their historical and literary contexts; suggestions for futher reading and lesson plans. Newsletters of forthcoming additions to the site are also available.
This website contains the lyrics to a large number of traditional sea shanties and sea songs. It was established by an enthusiast, and is popular rather than academic in approach. The author explains the purpose of shanties and the differences between shanties, sea songs, and pilot songs. On the whole, the song lyrics are provided without any additional information about the likely period or region of composition, which is a little disappointing. From their subjects and terms of reference, most appear to be English or American. Despite its limitations, the site should be of interest to those studying folk songs or traditional poetry, or those researching the culture and history of seafaring.
Short Stories at east of the web is a website that offers full electronic texts of a variety of short stories, both classic and contemporary. The site showcases previously unpublished works, ensuring a good general level of quality through the site's editors. The stories can be browsed by genre, including: children's; crime; fiction; horror; nonfiction; humour; and romance, and can be: read online; downloaded for use on handheld devices; saved for future reading; or printed out. A random story can be produced by clicking on a link on the homepage and stories may also be searched by keyword. In addition, the website provides information on: reading; writing; and teaching stories as well as a comprehensive links page. The design of the site makes navigation simple, and the word games provided for English teachers are also easy to use. The site would be useful: to students studying at undergraduate level; as an outlet for students of creative writing and unpublished writers; or for teachers of: English; creative writing; and new media.
'Sixteenth Century Ballads' is an online database dedicated to ballads that were meant to be sung. The database is the work of Greg Lindahl, who, in addition to the plain text database, also provides an introductory article on 'The Music of the sixteenth-century Broadside Ballad' (incomplete at the time of writing). On the website there are also partial transcriptions from some prominent hardcopy collections of broadside ballads, as well as links to a good selection of other online broadside ballad resources. This resource, although incomplete, would be of interest to music historians, as well as students of English literature.
The Sonnets from Ireland website is a collection of Irish sonnets from a short list of Irish poets. While the sonnet has been highly influential and visible in English literature since the Elizabethan period, the Irish sonnet and its poets are less known. While many of the poets are nineteenth-century poets, their sonnets differ from those of their English counter-parts in various ways. There is less adherence to structure, and their rhyme and meter have a significant Celtic feel. In addition, there is an essay entitled The Folly of Being Fourteen Lines: William Butler Yeats and the Wild Irish Sonnet by Mike Alexander that discusses Yeats and his unruly and rebellious use of the sonnet form. The pages contained in Sonnets from Ireland form part of Sonnet Central, a website that contains an archive of English sonnets and allows poets to discuss and share their works.
The Undergraduate Victorian Studies Online Teaching Anthology is a digital project of the Electronic Text Research Center, part of the University of Minnesota Libraries, that brings together a significant collection of primary texts, short biographies of the featured authors, a selected bibliography of Victorian Studies, a directory of online image repositories, a detailed list of bibliographic tools, and several links to other Victorian Text Projects and Victorian Studies sites. The primary texts in the anthology come mainly from Victorian periodicals such as 'The Fortnightly Review', 'The Edinburgh Review', 'The English Woman's Journal', and 'Cornhill Magazine'. They will be of interest to both the researcher and the academic looking for classroom material organised around their three main themes: The Condition of Women; Empire; and Science, Evolution, Eugenics.
The University of Adelaide library ebooks website offers free access to the library's collection of over 1,200 Web books including the novels, plays and poems of writers as varied as George Gissing, Ovid, Henrik Ibsen, David Hume and W. B. Yeats. The strength of the collection lies in its selection of classical, European and English literature, but also includes classic works of philosophy, history, and science. The collection can be searched alphabetically or chronologically by author, alphabetically by title, or by theme. A short biography is given for most writers, plus links to relevant websites. There are also excellent links to other etext resources, collections, and archives, such as Project Gutenberg and the Oxford Text Archive.
The online resource 'University of Toronto English Library' is described as 'the main undergraduate and graduate site for students and faculty of the Deparment of English', University of Toronto. Considering its content and comprehensive character, it will be indeed of use to all students of English language and literature. It includes a sizable full-text collection of poetry, drama, prose and non-fiction works, together with a few items of criticism on George Eliot, and characters in William Shakespeare's plays. Users will notice, however, that access to some of the pages with texts of literary works is restricted to the University of Toronto students, staff and faculty. The website also contains a glossary of literary theory and Linda Hutcheon's essay on 'Irony, Nostalgia, and the Postmodern'. There are pages dedicated to the history of English language and English composition. Each of these pages provides a list of annotated references and links to relevant resources. The site also contains pages of a number of projects and research centres: Epistolarvm - The Evelyn Letters Project; The Northrop Frye Centre. A number of links to faculty home pages are available, along with undergraduate and graduate course pages - often featuring useful bibliographies. The site also hosts the full catalogues of the Toronto University Library.
The Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library, is a collection of nearly 2000 publicly-accessible online digital texts and images. A significant number of these items are not in the public domain, however, and permission must be sought from the copyright holder before reproducing any of them in their entirety or in part. An exception from this rule has been made for classroom sets: please follow the Conditions of Use link for more details. The books, which fall mainly within the realm of British and American Studies, are available in two downloadable e-Book formats (Microsoft and Palm) and in web format. The collections, which also include a Literature in Translation and a Young Readers section, as well as a section dedicated to the Bible, can be browsed by subject or by author, or searched by one or more keywords; the search can be general or can be restricted to the author's name, the item's title, or to one of the available subjects in the pre-defined list. These materials will be migrated to the University of Virginia's Digital Collections site during 2008.
The Victorian Prose Archive, maintained by Dr. Alfred J. Drake of the California State University, Fullerton, is a relatively small but very useful collection of online e-texts for Victorianists. Its distinguishing feature is that it focuses primarily on first editions and makes them available in PDF format.The website will be of particular interest for researchers working on texts by Walter Pater and Oscar Wilde, as it contains a number of early versions that were later revised, sometimes extensively. These versions are accompanied by the 1910 edition of Complete Works in the case of the former and a link to the contemporary online edition of complete works for the latter. Also of interest is the 'Links' section, which lists numerous resources grouped by category as follows: conference listings; associations; journals; specialist resources; author-specific sites; Web standards and initiatives; general resources; and Romanticism websites.
"The Victorian Sonnet" website contains sonnets by over eighty Victorian poets. The website gives a very brief introduction to the poetic climate of the nineteenth-century, covering some of the major figures whose sonnets are included on the site. The list of Victorian sonneteers is impressive, with many names that would be recognizable to those with little background in Victorian literature. Among these names are: Dante Gabriel and Christina Rossetti; William Morris; Algernon Charles Swinburne; Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning; Oscar Wilde; Benjamin Disraeli; Thomas Hood; and Thomas Hardy. This website would serve as a useful starting point for students of Victorian poetry, but the texts are modernised versions and are presented for the general reader rather than for research purposes. The poems are in text format, but not easily searchable other than by using the alphabetical author index. The site is part of the Sonnet Central website, which hosts: archives of English sonnets; relevant links; and a discussion forum.
The Victorian Women Writers project aims to provide access to highly accurate transcriptions of works from British women writers from the nineteenth century. The project aims to encode all its texts using Standard Generalised Markup Language (SGML) according to the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) guidelines. Further information about the project and SGML and TEI are available from the site. The site provides access to a wide variety of material by over 40 writers; this material includes anthologies, novels, political pamphlets, religious tracts and children's books. All works can be viewed as HTML or SGML files or can be downloaded. Full bibliographical details are provided for each item. The works can be browsed alphabetically by author. It is also possible to search the site by carrying out either a simple keyword search or a boolean search. The site also has a list of works currently available and a list of those currently under preparation.
WebLiterature is a digital repository with one of the largest collections of literature classics, offering over 650 titles by more than 350 authors. The collection includes works by Plato, Aristotle, Alexandre Dumas, Honore de Balzac, John Milton, Thomas Hobbes, Arthur Conan Doyle, Charles Darwin, D. H. Lawrence, Leo Tolstoy, Franz Kafka, Niccolo Machiavelli, Mark Twain, Agatha Christie, Edgar Allan Poe, George Orwell, Hermann Hesse, and many others. All works appear in full-text and can be accessed free of charge. The collection is divided into two main sections: the Complete Classic Online Literature Library and the Popular Classic Online Books Section; the former lists authors alphabetically, then linking to individual works, whereas the latter provides one long list of approximately 150 titles. Unfortunately, these titles are not copied across sections, so for example, Hobbes' Leviathan can be accessed via the Popular Classic section, but it will not be listed in the Complete Classic Library. Another problem that the user may be facing is the navigation between pages. Despite these drawbacks, however, and considering the size and range of this collection, WebLiterature is commendable to general readers who will certainly appreciate the choice and accessibility of so many titles. Students and scholars should be aware that the site does not provide details about the editions upon which the texts are based.
The Wessex Parallel WebTexts project is making scholarly editions of Middle English texts available, for free, on the Internet for student use. The heart of the site is a fully-searchable and growing anthology of prose and verse texts with a particular emphasis on Middle English lyrics, especially the Harley Lyrics (British Library MS Harley 2253). Translations include: The Land of Cockaygne; The Owl and the Nightingale; The Thrush and the Nightingale; and Winner and Waster. The works and their translations are beautifully presented in parallel, often accompanied by relevant images. Background information on the texts is provided to aid teaching together with an index of first lines. The site also includes details of the linguistic difficulties that arise when translating Middle English and there is a detailed introduction to Middle English grammar. The project is directed by Bella Millett (University of Southampton) and received funding from the English Subject Centre.
Women Writers Project is an online collection of information on a research project based at Brown University to: collect; digitise; and make available texts by women authors from the early-modern period. The textbase is available by subscription only. However, the site includes extensive information about the process of digitising and encoding the texts (with SGML), including an extensive bibliography on text encoding and electronic editing. The online catalogue provides a full listing of the texts currently available together with full details about the source text. The Project also publishes a newsletter (available online) and collaborates with other like-minded projects.
This digitisation project: Women's travel writing 1830-1930, is maintained by Wilson Library's Electronic Text Research Center at the University of Minnesota, to help people researching nineteenth and early twentieth century women's travel writing. The project as such does no longer exist but the website is maintained for reference. The site includes women travelller's from and to the United States, as well as selected American and European women travellers to non-Western areas. This site us useful for many reasons. Firstly, it provides full electronic texts of many canonical women travel writers of this period, including Susan Fenimore Cooper's Rural hours (1848); Mary H. Kingsley's work of 1896; Mary Gaunt's Alone in West Africa; Amelia M. Murray's Letters from the United States, Cuba and Canada (1856); and Fanny Trollope's Domestic Manners of the Americans (1949 edition). Secondly, these electronic texts can be browsed by author, geographic area and various themes such as sea travel and women naturalists. Thirdly, a preliminary bibliographic survey of women's nineteenth century travel sources is also provided catalogued by author, as well as biographies of the main writers, images from the travel texts, maps, portraits and publication histories. Finally, the site provides a list of secondary studies on women's travel writing and a limited but useful list of annotated links to similar websites about women's writing and travel. This site is easy and efficient to use and would be useful to anyone studying and researching women's travel writing of the nineteenth century.
The Wright American Fiction Project website hosts a digitised collection of 19th century American fiction titles, as listed in the bibliography compiled by Lyle Wright in American Fiction 1851-1875. At the time of writing (April 2009), there are over 2,880 volumes included by over 1,450 authors, who include Harriet Beecher Stowe, Mark Twain, Bret Harte, Nathaniel Hawthorne, William Dean Howells, and Herman Melville, and users can search or browse the database of books. The types of searching available on this website include simple, proximity, Boolean and bibliographic. Browsing options include by author and via a word index. The full texts that are available fall into two groups: page images with searchable OCR text derived from microfilms, and a small subset of texts that have been further encoded in SGML/XML using the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) Guidelines. Also available here are MARC records for the entire collection, help documentation and further information about the project.