Adfontes is a website dedicated to an eLearning application developed and maintained by the History Department of the University of Zurich. It is in German, and aims to help students develop the skills necessary for archival work. The site consists of online tutorials for transcribing and dating Latin and German documents, using digitally reproduced samples of documents from the archives of the Abbey of Einsiedeln in Switzerland. Adfontes may be used free of charge, after registering and installing Shock Wave freeware. It is organized in four interlinked sections devoted to practical tasks, lessons and reference material. The 'Tutorium' section provides concise information on: transcription; chronology; dating; weights; and measures. In 'Training', students can transcribe online everything from pre-Carolingian manuscripts to 19th-century letters. A magnifying tool, helpful hints and the option to check results are supplied. The 'Archiv' section simulates a visit to the archives of Einsiedeln Abbey; 'Ressourcen' has tables, links and other reference material. Adfontes, besides winning a number of prizes, has been tested successfully as a teaching aid.
Aedilis is a website dedicated to the online publication and disseminaton of research papers and teaching materials relating to medieval manuscripts produced under the auspices of the Institut de recherche et d'histoire des textes (IRHT). Access to this information is free. Aedilis covers four main areas: summaries and papers from research seminars and colloquia organised by IRHT on an annual basis; scholarly papers and original research; pedagogical works dedicated to the student interested in learning about medieval manuscripts and related disciplines; and databases.
The website of the American Society of Papyrologists (ASP) gives details of the Society's work in promoting and supporting the study of ancient Greek and Latin papyri. This includes information on conferences and a programme of summer courses in papyrology for graduate students. The ASP also produces several publications which are detailed here. These include: the Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists (BASP) and its supplement; American Studies in Papyrology; and Classics in Papyrology. Tables of contents may be found here for the Supplement to the BASP, along with alphabetical lists of articles ordered by author and also according to the ostraca, papyri and inscriptions discussed.
These website pages provide a good introduction to the history of the Hebrew manuscript. They are divided in to four sections: 1) The Hebrew Manuscript as Source for the Study of History and Literature; 2) how Hebrew Manuscripts are made; 3) the Decoration of Medieval Hebrew Manuscripts; and 4) Forming the Great Collections. It has contributions from Malachi Biet-Arié, probably the foremost authority on the subject. The site is genenerously illustrated with images from the collections of New York Public Library and these may be enlarged. The images are clear and well-presented. For the non-specialist, this site is a convenient and intelligent introduction to the subject.
This website is the online presence of the Ancient and Medieval Studies Reading Room of the Butler Library at Columbia University. Although the site's primary intended audience is members of Columbia University (some resources require a username and password), free access is provided to a number of features which may be of interest to a wider public. These include: a guide to the publications of Monumenta Germaniae Historica; a basic bibliography in medieval history; and a finding aid to Papal documents. There is also a list of links to various resources relevant to ancient and medieval studies that are available on the Internet, as well as a listing of electronic journals. Information is also provided on the Reading Room's physical collection, which consists of over ten thousand volumes of reference books of interest to researchers studying the literature and history of Greco-Roman antiquity and the middle ages. The collection is a selection of primary texts as well as commentaries, concordances, and reference works useful in study of these texts.
Ancient Arabic Manuscripts is a digital collection published by the Jafet Library at the American University of Beirut. The collection is expanding and currently features some twenty seven Arabic texts spanning the late eleventh through to the twentieth century. These include: the Tabeer al-Manamat, Shahr Hidaya, Majmu'ah, Al-tabr al-masbuk, Kitab fi'l-fiqh, and al-Thabt. Three of these are from the Mamluk period in Syria and Egypt, and the books themselves cover matters such as dream interpretation, philosophy and logic, advise on governing, and chronicles of travel. The introductory and explanatory pages of items in the collection are available in English and Arabic, but the texts themselves are in Arabic. A limited number of sections in each text have been digitised: for access to more substantial portions of a particular text, users must contact the university directly. There are no transcriptions available, which would be a welcome addition.
The bilingual site (German and French) "Antike und mittelalterliche Handschriften in der Schweiz" (Antique and Medieval manuscripts in Switzerland) is being published by the "Kuratorium 'Katalogisierung der mittelalterlichen und frühneuzeitlichen Handschriften der Schweiz'" (Curatorship 'Cataloguing of medieval and early modern Swiss manuscripts'). It displays the fruits of the work of this organization that helps and advises on the cataloguing and description of manuscripts and promotes the publication of manuscript catalogues. The site contains lists of all Swiss libraries, archives and museums holding manuscripts, together with links to their websites, relevant literature and catalogues. On a separate page it lists all recently published manuscript catalogues and provides a summary of the catalogue content. There is also a page dedicated to current cataloguing projects, often supported by the "Kuratorium". The site is well laid out and gets frequently updated.
This is an online full-text scholarly article presented by Philippe Faure at a conference organised by the Association des Professeurs d'Histoire et de Géographie in Bourges, France. The article deals with the function, status and usage of images in the context of a medieval visual culture. The author also discusses the role of religious iconography in medieval civilisation. A bibliography accompanies the text of the article.
Archivio Storico Italiano On-line is a web 'extension' of the printed journal "Archivio Storico Italiano" (Italian History Archive), which proposes to enhance the contents of the review, which has been published from 1842 to the present. It makes available new information and services online, including databases for searching bibliographical and documentary data. The website is structured in several sections, including: a historical profile of the journal; information about the editorial team; access to abstracts of articles published from 2001 onwards; access to the full-text of some articles online; a historical index; a search tool for searching the online indices; and links to reviews. This resource would be of value to Italian historians as a means of locating relevant articles.
This is a website maintained by the History Department at the University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. It is written in Gallegan. The website has not been updated since 1996, but contains some useful information for scholars interested in Galician palaeography, diplomatic and codicology. There is a directory of all the ecclesiastical, regional and municipal archives in Galicia providing good descriptions of each historical archive, content and mode of access. The pages on the history of writing in Galicia provide an overview of the main historical scripts in use in the Middle Ages. Each script is illustrated with one or more digital examples of documents. There is also a brief online bibliography and a gateway of links to related resources on the web.
This is the website of the Association for Manuscripts and Archives in Research Collections (AMARC), whose stated mission is to 'promote the accessibility, preservation and study of manuscripts and archives in libraries and other research collections in Great Britain and Ireland'. Membership covers both institutions and individuals holding a scholarly interest in manuscript research. The website has details on the current projects, a calendar of past and forthcoming meetings, and a list of its membership and committees. The membership lists also acts as a gateway to collections, manuscript depositories, and archives. The AMARC Newsletter is also freely available in pdf format, with available issues dating back to 1992.
This is the website of the International Association of Papyrologists (AIP), which has a worldwide membership and exists to further international co-operation in the study of ancient papyri. The site gives details on how to become a member, as well as a full list of current members, with contact information. Also found here are: information on the AIP's history; details of grants available for the study of papyrology, and how to apply for these grants; the minutes of recent AIP meetings; a list of centres of papyrological studies across Europe and the USA, with postal addresses; a gallery of portraits of papyrologists who are no longer alive; several obituaries of recently deceased papyrologists; and a page of links to websites which may be of particular interest to papyrologists.
This is the website of the Association paléographique internationale culture; écriture; société (APICES) founded by the Comité international de paléographie latine (CIPL) in 1995 for all those interested in the scholarly study of the history of writing (ancient and medieval scripts), books and documents and their making.The website provides information about the APICES membership including an online application form for joining, and details about the Association's mailing list, APILIST. APICES also maintains an online bibliography of members' publications, which is updated regularly; a list of events of interest to researchers in the field; and a current list of recently acquired manuscripts by European and American libraries. There is also a link to "Gazette du livre médiéval".
This is an online finding aid for the Medieval and Renaissance manuscripts held at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University. The list contains manuscript descriptions, some detailed, and is browsable by manuscript shelfmark. It provides direct access to these manuscripts from the Beinecke Library website, supplementing the finding aids search tool on the Yale Finding Aid Project site. The finding aid contains descriptions of over 1,000 Medieval and Renaissance manuscripts in the Beinecke Library.
Benediktinerkloster Engelberg is the website of the Benedictine monastery and its private monastic library surviving in Engelberg since the 12th century. The pages dedicated to the library are few and grouped under the section Kultur. They give a general overview of the library's holdings comprising 1,000 manuscripts, of which over 300 are medieval. The library also holds a large collection of incunabula and other rare books, periodicals and modern books. As an example of its precious medieval holdings the library has made available on the website a brief description of its Codex 60 (um 1330), Psalterium mit Cantica, Kalender, Allerheiligenlitanei, Gebeten, and digitised images of some of its folios.
This is the website of the Bergendal collection of manuscripts, believed to be the largest library of medieval codices in private hands in the Americas and one of the largest of its kind in the world. It is a simple site providing a listing of all the manuscripts in the collections. The main highlights of the collection are given full catalogue descriptions and are accompanied by a digital image representative of each manuscript. This online resource is mainly useful to manuscript scholars. However, more manuscript images would be helpful to a more general user.
Bibles moralisées. Electronic bibliography is an electronic bibliography for manuscripts of the Bible Moralisée maintained by Professor John Lowden (Courtauld Institute of Art). It is a straightforward listing of titles arranged chronologically, covering the period 1759-2004. The bibliography is a work-in-progress, although there is no evidence of recent updates. Nevertheless, it remains a valuable reference source.
Bibliografía Codicología is a straightforward online bibliography useful for those studying codicological aspects of medieval manuscripts. It is compiled under the auspices of Grafos: seminario permanente de cultura escrita, which holds regular scholarly events and activities at the Universidad Complutense (Madrid). The bibliography is very extensive and authoritative and covers a large spectrum of material in all languages. The bibliography can be browsed easily on the web by scrolling up and down on the same page. Several sections break the content usefully into methodology, basic reference works, quantitative codicology, comparative codicology, periodicals.
This online resource comprises the 2nd edition of Hans and Heidi Zotter's bibliography of manuscripts in facsimile, "Bibliographie faksimilierter Handschriften", listing 1,052 manuscripts to 1600 held throughout Europe and America which have appeared in facsimile. Each entry provides information about the original manuscript: the location and name of the holding library, the classmark, author, title, condition, scribe, illuminator(s) and previous owners of the manuscript, physical description, and the time and place of composition. The entries then provide bibliographical details of the facsimile, with its classmark in some major libraries. Online searching of the database is by a general index, by town, or by alphabetical browsing. The site includes a bibliography about facsimiles, prefaces to the first, second and disk editions of the Zotter bibliography, a list of abbreviations, and graphs showing the development of facsimiles.
The Bibliography and Methods in Medieval Studies website is an online course outline with detailed bibliographies and links to resources for bibliographic research in medieval studies. The site is divided into sub-sections, representing the topics covered each week in the course, including: general bibliographies and Internet sources; medieval history sources; ecclesiastical sources; Latin authors and texts; interpretations of the Bible; the liturgy; hagiography; iconography; manuscript research; science; and popular culture and folklore. Each section is linked to a bibliography, covering "the major reference guides, encyclopaedias, bibliographies and electronic databases". Some of the links to electronic resources are only available to students and staff of the University of Illinois, but those that are freely available are worth looking at. There are also eight library exercises designed to train the undergraduate medievalist in the scholarly tools which make the discipline possible.
This online list of manuscript holdings in Austrian libraries is part of the Kommission für Schrift- und Buchwesen des Mittelalters der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften website. These pages provide an alphabetical list of all the libraries in Austria, each with its own listing of manuscript holdings arranged by shelfmark. Clicking on the manuscript shelfmark leads to a bibliographic reference, i.e. book or journal article, concerning that manuscript. Navigating through the entries on this website is facilitated by a framed dual screen display and hyperlinked library and manuscript entries. An abbreviation list for the main bibliographical sources cited is also provided.
Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina Manuscripta (BHLms) is an online database service providing a cumulative analytical index of the "Catalogues de Manuscrits Hagiographiques Latins" published by the Société des Bollandistes. This database combines elements from the database "Légendiers latins" developed by the research group "Hagiographies" of the Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix of Namur with new elements provided by the Bollandistes, and made suitable for the online environment. In addition to the entries from the printed catalogues this database contains sociological and geographical details providing a basis for statistical enquiries on the history of sainthood and the associated texts. Incipits have also been added. This service is accessible freely on the web but requires user registration.
Bibliotheca Schoenbergensis is an online exhibition from the collection of Lawrence J. Schoenberg, a contemporary collector, friend and benefactor of the University of Pennsylvania Library. The exhibition aims to cover the breath of Schoenberg's collection, which stretches from the eleventh to the eighteenth century and includes monastic, university, and lay texts. The manuscripts are in Latin and western European vernaculars, but also in Hebrew, Persian, and Arabic, and many are richly illuminated. The online exhibition is convenienlty divided into categories including: books of hours, books of hours in the age of printing, books of devotion, books of imagination, books of nobility, books of nature, arts of the page, leaves of books, and peoples of the book. An introductory text is provided for each category, followed by manuscript descriptions and images.
Users are also able to view the Schoenberg Collection and the Schoenberg database of manuscripts online, both held by the library of the University of Pennsylvania. The resource as a whole is easy to navigate, and provides the annotation absent from many similar digitisation projects, making it suitable for even the casual browser.
This is an online catalogue of the manuscripts in the library of Otto Thott (1703-1785), one of the greatest private book collectors and librarians of his time in Denmark. It is a scanned version of the catalogue printed in 1785, when the books were transferred to The Royal Library in Copenhagen. Although the descriptions of the individual manuscripts are brief, this catalogue is the only complete survey of Thott's manuscript collection to date. The catalogue is scanned page by page and the images can be viewed using a simple navigation system. From the main index page, users select a link to a particular section, which appears scanned in a separate window. The catalogue is easy to navigate, although may be better suited to the more experienced student or academic with particular research questions, since their is little annotation for the inexperienced browser. The site is in Danish and Latin.
The 'Bibliotheksstiftung Otto Pächt' (Library Foundation Otto Pächt) is an archive of the 'Kunsthistorische Gesellschaft Österreichs' (Austrian Society for the History of Art) containing the bequest of the Austrian art historian. There are thousands of books, photographs, typescripts and letters, mainly dealing with illumination of manuscripts. The German-only website of the archive introduces not only the various collections of Pächt himself, but also the finished and unfinished cataloguing projects of illuminated Austrian manuscripts the library participates in. There are links to all the projects.
Manuscrits is the website of the Department of Manuscripts of the Bibliothèque de Genève (Geneva). The site gives general information about the manuscript holdings and the services offered by the Department of Manuscripts; recent acquisitions and main areas of collecting interest; links to the full-text of articles on various manuscript material from the library; and links to related online manuscript resources in Switzerland or worldwide. The collections include papyri, manuscript codices, private archives, autograph letters, and the Bibliothèque's archive. Each of these is briefly described on the website and a list of research tools is also given. Most research tools consist of printed catalogues and inventories, but searching a small proportion of the Bibliothèque's manuscript holdings is also possible by using the Odyssee online database. The papyrus collection is accessible through a separate online database and there is a PDF catalogue covering French manuscripts.
"The Illuminations database of the Municipal Library of Lyons includes 12,000 images from 457 documents, manuscripts from the 5th to the 16th century, incunabula and Renaissance books. Each document contains between one to several hundred images and is supported by texts and an iconography. The content of this database is predominantly of a religious nature (bibles, missals, breviaries, pontificals, hour books, canon law) but there are also many non-religious references covering a wide range of subjects (philosophy, history, literature, science). Most images selected for the database represent full illuminated pages, but there are also many examples of decorated initials and marginal illustrations. The database can be searched using an integrated electronic thesaurus based on Thesaurus des images médiévales published by Groupe d'Anthropologie Historique de l'Occident Médiéval (Paris, 1993), as well as using title and author indexes, the date of creation, and a shelfmark index. The search results are displayed in a table format. Each image is fully described and can be viewed in both thumbnail and large format. The database itself is in French.
The website "Cataloguing Incunabula at the Bodleian Library" describes a project initiated in its present form in 1992. The aim of the project is to produce a printed catalogue of incunabula (pre-1500 printed books). This new catalogue will provide descriptions of all the incunabula held by the Bodleian Library, Oxford. The collection numbers around 7, 000 and is second in the UK, only to that of the British Library, London. The website also includes an extensive history of the collection of incunabula, which were among the first books presented by Sir Thomas Bodley. The Bodleian holdings include the collections of John Selden (1584-1654), Wiliam Laud (1573-1645), Thomas Tanner (1674-1735), Maffeo Pinelli (1735-1785) and Pietro Antonio Bolongaro-Crevenna (1735-1792). The account of the provenance of the volumes is in itself an interesting read.
The images on this website represent manuscript folios from five Books of Hours held in the Wellesley College Library's Special Collections. The manuscripts were made in France and the Low Countries, dating from the early 15th century to the first quarter of the 16th century. Users will find a brief introduction to the holdings, along with links to digitised images from the five books. Each volume contains a small number of thumbnail images, which are annotated with its title and links to alternative images with which it can be compared.
Although small in scope, links are reliable, and the resource is easy to navigate. Although more annotation and further content (such as a bibliograohy and background information on sources) would be welcome, the resource would be of interets to undergraduate students of Medieval religious texts.
Burgerbibliothek Bern: Abteiliung Bongarsiana / Codices is a section of the Burgerbibliothek's website dedicated to the library's Bongarsiana collection. At the core of this collection are the books collected by the French scholar and diplomat, Jacques Bongars (1554-1612), from French monasteries during the Huguenot wars. More manuscript material has been acquired by the library since the original donation and the Bongarsiana currently numbers over 1,000 manuscripts, among which 650 are medieval codices. An alphabetical list of codices 723-854 accessioned in the period 1875 to 2000 is available on this website. The entries are very brief and include the name of the codex, the shelfmark, the manuscript's origin, physical description, dates, content, and acquisition details. There is also a listing of the main catalogues where descriptions of the Bongarsiana codices can be found. The resource acts as a gateway to other European websites of interest to manuscript scholars.
The Burgess Manuscript Collection online catalogue consists of detailed descriptions and images of manuscripts from this discreet collection housed by the Division of Special Collections & University archives at the University of Oregon Library.The collection has a total of 59 manuscripts, of which 34 are western European, most of them in Latin, and 25 are Near-Eastern manuscripts written in various languages including Persian, Arabic, Greek and Turkish. Half of the collection dates from the Middle Ages or Renaissance. Named after Dr. Edward Sandford Burgess (1855-1928), the original owner and collector, the website contains pictures and biographies of him and his sister Julia (1870-1942). It also has a guide to manuscript description. All the manuscripts in the collection are listed on the website, but only a third are available online with full descriptions and images. Cataloguing of the other manuscripts is in progress. The website is primarily intended for scholars of manuscripts.
This website provides a bibliography of indices to and catalogues of Byzantine manuscripts. It is compiled by Paul Halsall of Fordham University in New York City. All Greek characters have been transliterated. The list of indices refers students to works which will allow them to search for manuscripts containing works by authors from Antiquity through to the Patristic and Byzantine periods. The catalogues are presented alphabetically by author or repository in one long list. All the major repositories are included, but scrolling through the page to the right item is a little confusing. Nevertheless, presenting the information in this manner gives the newer student a pretty full sense of the range of catalogues available. Since Halsall includes catalogues from the nineteenth century, the student will also have a sense of the wealth of work which has been done on Byzantine manuscripts over the last 150 - 200 years. The page also includes links to a palaeographical glossary and a bibliography of secondary literature also compiled by Paul Halsall.
This is a website created and maintained by Paul Halsall at Fordham University, New York, aimed at beginners who are interested in the history of Greek handwriting, and in learning how to work with Byzantine manuscripts. It is part of a larger site dedicated to Byzantine studies. The development of Greek script is illustrated with a set of digital black-and-white images of manuscripts and manuscript transcriptions, arranged in chronological order. The selection of manuscripts is based on two main sources: Edward Maunde Thompson, "An Introduction to Greek and Latin Paleography", (Oxford: Clarendon, 1912), and Franz Steffens, "Proben aus grieschischen Handschriften und Urkunden", (Trier: Schaar und Dathe, 1912). The image quality could be higher, but the documents are generally legible and can be printed. In addition to the images, a series of tools are also provided, including links to online Byzantine palaeography subject-themed bibliographies, Byzantine manuscript sources, a palaeography glossary, Greek letter forms, and a gateway to online articles. The resource would be of interest to anyone starting to explore Greek manuscripts.
This is an online version of the printed catalogue of medieval manuscripts in Low German compiled by C. Borchling during his travels in Norway, Sweden and Denmark in the years of 1898-99. The catalogue is scanned page by page and the images can be viewed using a simple navigation system. An additional navigation by manuscript folio number is also provided, enabling the user to go directly to the catalogue page containing the specific folio reference.
Catalogue pages appear in a separate browser window. Although there is little annotation to the resource, free access to such a text is invaluable to any manuscript researcher, and its simple navigation adds to its value as a scholarly tool.
This is the website of the Calligraphy and Lettering Arts Society, a non profit organisation based in the UK promoting the study, practice and teaching of the subject to the general public. The website provides useful information for those interested in pursuing calligraphy as a career, highlighting the various stages of learning and development as a skilled calligrapher. It also lists tutors and courses, current activities and events, books, and provides a full directory of fellows and associates of the Society. A gallery of images representing calligraphic work by Society members is available for browsing online. The main page is split into a series of sections, including: the historical background to calligraphy; how to start calligraphy as a hobby; qualifications available in calligraphy; and how to join the Calligraphy and Lettering Arts Society. Whilst the aim of the resource is clearly to encourage membership of CLAS, it contains useful basic textual information for those beginning an interest in calligraphy and lettering.
The Canon of John Lydgate project website presents detailed project descriptions and updates on Stephen R. Reimer's enterprise of re-examining the Lydgate canon, and provides meticulous information on his methodology, as well as abstracts and/or full-text versions of his publications and congress-papers on the subject. The website also links to Reimer's hypertext edition of Lydgate's 'Lives of Saints Edmund and Fremund' from British Library MS Harley 2278. Apart from a text transcription, this edition provides information on: the layout of the manuscript; a Lydgate biography; a bibliography of works cited; and detailed analyses of the texts; sources; historic background; and dialect. Reimer also provides links to several related projects and websites. While on the whole the website is thoroughly hyper-linked, the text edition itself is rather awkward to navigate and lacks notes. This project would be of use to students of medieval English literature.
The Cantigas de Santa Maria is a set of webpages maintained by the Society for Creative Anachronism as part of their website. The pages are a straightforward collection of black-and-white facsimile images and digitised coloured illuminations of two manuscript codices containing these medieval songs written in 1221-1284. The images can be viewed in small and large formats as well as printable PDF files. This is not a scholarly website and it is intended primarily for those interested in performing music losely described as 'written in Western Europe from the fall of Rome until 1600'. However, it includes an impressive list of related gateways, and a discography of recordings of the Cantigas de Santa Maria.
This is an online catalogue created by the Comité documentation informatisée et multimédia du Conseil ministériel de la recherche, which describes, locates and provides access to manuscript, book, visual and multimedia collections held in various libraries, archives, museums, heritage institutions and other cultural institutions in France. Examples of manuscript collections available via searching this catalogue include: the H series of the Archives des Vosges, Clairvaux charters from the 12-13th centuries, seals from the Department of Somme. The manuscript section features illuminated manuscripts, manuscripts, and correspondence. The collections can be browsed alphabetically, by subject or institution, and geaographically. There is also a search interface, where searches based on one or multiple criteria can be performed, both on the collections themselves and on the holding institutions. A brief but helpful search guide is also available online.
The resource is extremely easy to navigate, even with those with little or no knowledge of French, and results appear quickly. Users also will find a bibliography of printed and electronic resources on archives and heritage. It would be of value to any scholar of manuscript studies, historian, or archivist.
This is a database providing access to the over 9,000 manuscripts listed in the seven published volumes of the catalogue entitled "Catalogue des manuscrits en écriture latine portant des indications de date, de lieu ou de copiste" (Paris, 1961-1985).The database can be searched using several indexes: by date, by area, by place of origin, and by shelfmark. The search results are displayed in a very brief table format providing details of the manuscript shelfmark, date of creation and origine of manuscripts (if known), and the manuscript reference in the published catalogue. A link to an online list of catalogues of dated and datable manuscripts published in various countries in Europe is also provided. The resource is simple to use, with few search catagories. However, users should note that its basic instructions only appear in French.
This is the British Library's digital catalogue of illuminated manuscripts providing access to images and descriptions of medieval and renaissance manuscripts held in the Department of Western Manuscripts. From the main page, users can search or browse the British Library's collections. Both simple and advanced searches are possible, and a very useful help guide, including sample searches, is provided online. There is also a manuscript search function that allows searching by collection or manuscript shelfmark. Users will find a digitised image to accompany each search result. An online glossary of terms based on Michelle Brown's "Understanding Illuminated Manuscripts: A Guide to Technical Terms" (J. Paul Getty Museum: Malibu and British Library: London, 1994) is provided for the novice researcher. Several virtual tours of the collection are freely available, including: illuminated manuscripts; liturgical manuscripts; the Burney manuscript collection; and Treasures of the British Library. Each tour has several sections, featuring textual introductions and digitised images.
This is a detailed catalogue of the medieval and later manuscripts on parchment collected by T. R. Buchanan (1846-1911) and held in the Bodleian Library. The catalogue was compiled by Peter Kidd and published online in 2000. It lists mostly French and Flemish books of hours, and a few Latin liturgical and humanistic manuscripts. The descriptions are very full and include detailed information on the text, decoration and provenance of each manuscript, as well as bibliographies and an introduction with footnotes. Users should note that this resource is a catalogue only, and does not provide digital images of manuscripts.
This is the website of the Centre d'Études Supérieures de Civilisation Médiévale, a cross-disciplinary research unit within the Centre National de Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Paris, dedicated to the study of civilisation, literature, languages, history and the auxiliary sciences of history during the Middle Ages from the 8th to the 15th century. The site provides links to the Centre's research teams and their research projects, including: "Aquitania sacra"; religious texts and places; castles and fortifications in the Middle Ages; monumental archaeology; the mediteranean worlds of Aquitane and Spanin; iconography; and religious monuments. There are links to the Centre's library web pages, links to courses and events, and to publications. A link to the main publication of the Centre - Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale - and to its tables of contents is also provided.
This is an online thesaurus offering access to imprint places, imprint names, and personal names as found in material printed before the middle of the nineteenth century developed by the Data Conversion Group in the Goettingen State and University Library in Goettingen, Germany, at the request of the Consortium of European Research Libraries (CERL). The thesaurus is useful as a reference tool for bibliographers and scholars of the history of the book. The CERL Thesaurus is located on a server in Goettingen, and is linked to the Hand Press Book (HPB) database, also produced by CERL, through the Eureka search interface at the American Research Libraries Group (RLG). It is fully searchable and includes variant spelling of names in English, Latin and other languages.
This is an online database of selected manuscripts from the collection of over 6,000 manuscripts ranging from the 11th to the 20th century held by the Department of Manuscripts at the University of Liège Library. The selection is very small and concentrates mainly on illuminated books of hours and a few liturgical manuscripts. Each manuscript has a brief description and bibliographical references. Up to five representative images of the manuscript illuminations are given for each manuscript, each image accompanied by a very short commentary. The images can be viewed both in .gif and in .jpg (larger) format. In addition, a general overview of the manuscript collections at the University of Liège, an online help guide, and a list of links to similar Web resources are also provided. Users should note that the website is only available in French, and that the non-frames version of the resource is somewhat simplier to navigate than its frames counterpart.
This is a collaborative three-year (2000-2003) project coordinated by Michele Ansani at the Università di Pavia, which aims to make the documentary sources concerning the history of medieval Lombardia available online. The website will provide access to many unknown texts pertaining the areas of Milan, Pavia, Cremona, Praises, Brescia. The documentary material is selected from the archives of the most important ecclesiastical and civil institutions of the Lombardic region.Each documentary source is accompanied by an introductory text and commentary, an index of documents, a list of the relevant holding archives, and a bibliography. Each document will be accessible in three formats: as a brief catalogue description, a full-textual edition, and a digital facsimile.A map of the region is provided for easy navigation. A search engine (TReSy) is also under development, which will facilitate search and retrieval from the corpus of texts. In its current stage of development, the site contains many full-text editions and brief descriptions of documents, but no facsimiles. It is scholarly, very well structured, and updated regularly.
The Codices Electronici Ecclesiae Coloniensis (CEEC) web project aims to provide access to the manuscript collections of the Episcopal and Cathedral Libraries of Cologne. Over 200 codices and over 65,000 manuscript pages have been digitised as part of this ongoing project. The earliest manuscript dates from the sixth century AD, whilst an eleventh-century Gospel book (Codex 1001a) receives a special mention due to the brilliance of its decorations. The vast majority of the manuscripts are written in Latin, although a few are in Middle-High German, Middle-Low German, or Low German. The website enables the user to search the collection or browse the codices by various criteria, such as signature, type, author, title, age, place of writing, or language. Detailed catalogue data is provided for each codex, with indexed links to digitised pages where available. The manuscripts may be viewed at various levels of magnification, the highest being an impressive 4,491 by 3,480 pixels. The site includes a reference section and an historical library. There are tools for the generation of palaeographical documentation and tagging applications. The site is available in both German and English, although certain sections were in German only when reviewed. Users may swap between languages by clicking on the 'Optionen' tag. This is an excellent example of a manuscript documentation project.
This is the website of Le Comité International de Paléographie Latine [CIPL], a scholarly committee based in Paris, whose aim is to foster international collaboration in the field of manuscript studies (including paleography, codicology, transmission of texts, manuscript libraries and collections). The committee has representatives from over 17 countries, and has also founded the Association Palé́ographique Internationale: Culture, Écriture, Société [APICES] to further its aim.The site provides a list of the committee's members, and links to its main activities. These include links to the committee's international colloquia, abstracts of papers, research projects and publications. Users will find lists of catalogues and archives, gateways (including to a glossary of codicology terms), and links to the committee's conference papers.
This is the website of a research project based at the Utrecht Centre for Medieval Studies, which looks at the early medieval uses of writing, from the 5th to the 12th century, in relation to all other verbal and non-verbal acts of communication. The main focus is on the areas of Western Europe which formed part of the Carolingian Empire, the 'Frankish' Europe. Comparisons are also drawn with Italy, Spain, Britain, Ireland and Scandinavia, and special attention is given to Bohemia, Poland and Hungary for the development of a later literate mentality than in the Latin West.The main research themes of this project are listed and described briefly on the website, and the results of the research are published in the "Utrecht Studies in Medieval Literacy" (USML) series. A project description and project history, as well as contact details are available on the website.
Users can access a summary of each volume of the project's resulting publication, although articles are not available to access online. There is also a short list of gateways. As an introduction to the relationship between the written word and oral communication, the resource is a valuable introduction to further research.
Coordinamento delle iniziative on line per la medievistica italiana (CILMI) is an important informal collaboration between some of the main scholarly Italian digital initiatives dedicated to medieval studies. The aim of this website is to encourage new ways of translating traditional methods of teaching and researching in medieval history into the new digital culture by a series of initiatives: workshops; seminaries; laboratories; creation of a search engine for online resources in medieval studies; research projects; development of research and information tools; and partnerships. The website is purely informational and has useful links to the main projects connected to this initiative. Unfortunately, it has not been updated recently.
This project lists the main publications in the Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues published by the University of Chicago Press. The main page consists of a series of links, which lead to publication and ssale details for each catalogue: ten are listed in all. Although the page offers little in terms of freely accessible content (as a commercial site), it is a useful aid to the range of catalogues availabl and print sources available relating to medieval manuscripts.
Cours d'initiation à la paléographie médiévale et moderne is an online course in medieval and modern palaeography designed by Jean-Claude Toureille of the Association pour la Difusion de l'Information Historique et Archéologique en France (ADIHAF) in 1997. The course, which is in French, is divided into thirteen sections, each section containing a manuscript image, a transcription, and an analysis of the main letter forms. Each section of the course concludes with a practical exercise consisting of a text to be transcribed. The texts selected for the course are mainly documents written in French, ranging from the 15th to the 18th century. The course is available in both HTML and PDF versions.
This is a modern French palaeography course taught annually at the Archives Départementales du Nord in France, and made available online by Laurent Vindevoghel, an independent genealogist, on his personal website. The course consists of seventeen exercises requiring students to submit transcriptions of documents by email or in .rtf format. Each exercise provides a brief analysis and commentary of the text, and a large black-and-white digital image of the document to be transcribed. There is also a glossary of terms and an image of all the main letter forms needed for completing the exercises. The course is intended for beginners, mainly genealogists who need to acquire basic palaeographical skills for working with historical documents.
This is an online palaeography course developed by V. H. Arévalo Jordán at the Santa Fe Archives in Argentina. The course consists of two parts. The first deals with the concept of palaeography and a general description of the evolution of writing from Antiquity through to the Middle Ages. Each period is illustrated with samples of scripts of varying quality and extensive commentaries. The second part consists of 24 images of documents concerning the history of Santa Fe and their transcriptions. The images are not of very high quality and unfortunately the image text is not legible in some cases. However, the resource may still be of value to students of paleography seeking elementary secondary sources.
Cynscribe is an online gateway created and maintained by Cynthia Garinther, a freelance calligrapher, which provides access to web resources of interest to calligraphers, lettering artists, papermakers, typographers, graphic designers, paper decorators, scrapbookers, rubberstampers, greeting card makers, book designers and artist bookmakers. The resources are organised by categories, including calligraphy suppliers, exhibitions and events, galleries, guilds around the world, courses, library and museums. These categories can be browsed using an alphabetical index.The site can be viewed in both frames and no frames options. However, the display would benefit from being a little more user-friendly.
This is an online version of the printed catalogue of the French medieval manuscripts in The Royal Library compiled by N.C.L. Abrahams (1798-1870) in 1844. Abrahams was a professor of French literature at The University of Copenhagen, and is known mainly for his collection of letters and literary manuscripts, some written in Danish and also held at The Royal Library. The catalogue is the first and only description of these French manuscripts. The catalogue is scanned page by page and the images can be viewed using a simple navigation system. An additional navigation by manuscript number is also provided, enabling the user to go directly to the catalogue page containing the specific reference.
The resource is simple to use and, although it would benefit from more annotation and external links to related material, is an invaluable resource for any researcher of French manuscripts.
This web resource will comprise the online catalogue of the medieval Latin manuscripts in Salzburg University Library. These manuscripts constitute the majority of the 395 medieval manuscripts from the 8th century to 1600 in the Library. Access to the manuscripts is by author or title of the manuscript; people, places or events named in the manuscript; incipit; shelfmarks; and illuminations. Descriptions of the manuscripts include content, binding, provenance, extremely detailed physical description, and reference to published descriptions. The project began in November 2002. Over 100 items can already be retrieved by the catalogue. The resource is only available in German.
This is a text-only list of all the medieval manuscripts that are kept within the boundaries of the town of Paderborn, together with a short scientific description. Most items are from the 'Erzbischöfliche akademische Bibliothek Paderborn' (Academic Library of the Archbishop of Paderborn), and the few items held elsewhere also deal with religious subjects only. The making of the list was part of a project of the University of Münster to list and create brief descriptions of all the medieval manuscripts that are presently kept in Westfalia, part of the German federal state of Northrine-Westfalia.
'Die Tabulae-Datenbank' is the enhanced online version of the 8 volume book catalogue of manuscripts cod. 1 -15,500 of the Austrian National Library. There is no more information on the books given in the online version than in the print version but the search functions are being enhanced. The search options now include a combined search, a manuscript number search, a search under the old (Latin) subjects and a language search. Users can view an iconography register, and are able to search handwritten manuscripts.
The Digital Library consists of a selection of about 50 fully digitised medieval manuscripts from the holdings of the Research library at Olomouc, the second oldest and the third largest library of its kind in the Czech Republic. The manuscript collection numbers 1,450 items in total. Although the language of the site is Czech except for the introductory page, the browsing of manuscript descriptions and associated images is intuitive. The descriptions are extensive and the quality of the images is very good. The images can be seen in small, medium and large formats. There is also a facility to order copies of the manuscript images on CD-Rom.
The website "Digitale Edition der Chronik von Thietmar von Merseburg" is an online resource from the Monumenta Germaniae Historica providing a digital facsimile of the Dresden manuscript of the chronicle of Bishop Thietmar von Merseburg (975-1018), a chronicle which deals with the history of Saxony, 908-1018 CE. The chronicle is in Latin; the supporting information is in German. The digitisation is a version of the facsimile text of the manuscript from the Dresden library, published in print as: Die Dresdner Handschrift der Chronik des Bischofs Thietmar von Merseburg, hrsg. von Ludwig Schmidt (Dresden: Tamme, 1905). Full text searching is possible. The images can be enlarged and thanks to the good quality scans the text is highly lisible. The website also contains a digitisation of: Die Chronik des Bischofs Thietmar von Merseburg und ihre Korveier Überarbeitung, hrsg. von Robert Holtzmann, unveränd. Nachdr. der Ausg. Berlin, 1935 (München: Monumenta Germaniae Historica 1980) which is a transcription of the medieval manuscript. This resource is an important primary source for those interested in medieval history and culture.
This online resource provides a digital edition of a computistical manuscript of 805 CE, MS83II of the Dom- und Diözesanbibliothek Köln (i.e. the cathedral and diocesan library of Cologne), ultimately to have texts by Aratus, Bede, Cyrillus Alexandrinus, Dionysius Exiguus, Isidore of Seville, Macrobius, Martinus Bracarensis, Victorius Aquitanus and others. Currently only Isidore of Seville is available. The manuscript is a copy of a manuscript from 798 CE. The aim of the website is to show the text itself, with facsimiles of the manuscript pages. In addition, the site provides transcription of the text, critical edition, French translation, and three texts (two in German, one in English) about the codex. Information about the authors is also supplied. The codex is in Latin, the website in German. The resource was prepared by students of the University of Cologne.
This online resource provides a database of German translations from the Middle Ages onwards of Cato's third-century "Disticha". Information is provided under the headings: manuscripts; printed texts; copies; illustrations (i.e. electronic facsimile reproductions); secondary literature; Cato on the web (i.e. descriptive bibliography of websites). The database lists all known medieval manuscripts of the "Disticha" with German translations, from examination of the manuscripts, paper copies and microfilms, and includes some new discoveries. Descriptions state what and where the manuscripts / texts are, their physical extent, and illustrations. They provide bibliographical details of secondary literature about them, and of available texts in modern editions. Some transcriptions and facsimile reproductions of manuscripts are provided. The section "Drucke" ("printed texts") lists printed texts from the incunabula period to the seventeenth century, with references to descriptions; the section on "Abdrucke" ("copies") contains PDF files of editions from the eighteenth, nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with bibliographical details. The front page includes an introduction on the front page about Cato's "Disticha" and its effect.
DScriptorium is a website devoted to collecting, storing and distributing digital images of Medieval manuscripts. In its present state, only a few institutions with digital manuscript collections are represented, including Brigham Young University Special Collections, University of Kentucky Special Collections, Spalding University Library, and three French municipal libraries. These resources are collected and presented in a simple list format, and there are no further plans for a searchable database in the future. The manuscript images and catalogue descriptions are those provided by the contributing institutions, some very detailed, down to the folio level. A gateway to other relevant Internet resources is also available on the home page. The site would benefit from more regular updates, and further content development.
The Early Book Society (EBS) website provides information on the Society's aims, membership, publications and items of related interest. The Society grew out of sessions run at the International Congress on Medieval Studies (Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo) in the 1980s, and exists to bring together all those involved in any aspect of the study of early printed books and manuscripts across the world. The Society currently has over 400 members worldwide. The current edition of the Society's newsletter is available (as a PDF file) on the website, as are: details of the Society's officers, membership information, details of the EBS mailing list, upcoming events and links to related websites.
The Electric Scriptorium is a research network sponsored by the Calgary Institute for the Humanities and the Society for Early English and Norse Electronic Texts (SEENET), whose purpose is to evaluate current developments related to the production, dissemination, and use of electronic medieval manuscript texts. Its electronic resource makes abstracts and conference papers from a 1995 University of Calgary conference freely available online. Although the website is not regularly updated, the subjects of the conference papers are still of value to scholars, even though technology may have moved on since their dissemination. Subjects covered in the conference papers include: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight; the electronic Beowulf project; early books; and The Canterbury Tales project. Users will also find a collection of gateways related to manuscript studies and text and image online resources.
The Electronic Catalogue of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts project makes available an online catalogue describing the western medieval and renaissance manuscript holdings of the Bodleian Library, Oxford University. The project is partly funded by the J. Paul Getty Trust and is managed within the Bodleian's Department of Special Collections and Western Manuscripts. The online catalogue will include page images from the 'Summary' catalogue (Falconer Madan, et al., A summary catalogue of western manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford which have not hitherto been catalogued in the Quarto series. Oxford, 1895-1953) and the 'Quarto' series of catalogues. The website contains: a description of the project and its progress; a sample of cataloguing terms; and links to descriptions of manuscript collections. Each collection is catalogued (with shelfmarks, description and bibiliography), and some entries contain selected digitised images. As a whole, the resource represents the ongoing results of a tremendous amount of work, and would be of value to anyone with a professional or academic interest in manuscripts and in archives and their development.
This is an electronic bibliography for palaeography based on the Italian edition of Leonard Boyle's "Medieval Latin Palaeography: a bibliographical introduction" (Toronto, 1984). The Italian edition "Paleografia latina medievale: introduzione bibliografica" (Rome, 1999) contains a large supplement of almost 500 entries in addition to those in the earlier edition, and an introduction by Fabio Troncarelli. There are also plans to add a further unpublished 1,200 entries and any new relevant titles on a regular basis in the Electronic Palaeography.Each title in the bibliography has a reference number tracing the corresponding entry in the 1984 edition of the "Medieval Latin Palaeography", and another number, which follows the numeration given by Fabio Troncarelli to the titles in "Supplemento 1982-1998", "Paleografia latina medievale", pp.349-407.
This is an online version of the catalogue of Latin manuscripts held at The Royal Library in Copenhagen, compiled by Ellen Jørgensen (1877-1948) and printed in 1926. The catalogue is scanned page by page and the images can be viewed using a simple navigation system. It contains several indices, including author, place, scribe, and provenance. The catalogue is in Latin, although there is a brief introduction in English. It is also possible to open the text as a PDF file, in which users can search for particular terms or phrases. Whilst the resource may offer little in annotation for the inexperienced or browsing user, experienced researchers will no doubt value the increased access to the catalogue brought by digitisation.
Encyclopedia Scriptoria is a glossary of terms created as part of a larger site dedicated to the craft of stone carving in the Middle Ages. The collection of terms relates to the medieval manuscript book production, covering diverse aspects including scripts, manuscript illumination, materials, and codicological terminology. The 'encyclopaedia' is not extensive but it is nicely presented and terms are cross-referenced using hyperlinks. Small thumbnail images to illustrate the concepts are also provided in some instances.This list of terms is particularly useful to beginners in the field of medieval manuscripts. It is not, however, an authoritative source and no bibliographic references to support the definitions are provided. However, the resource still represents an accessible starting point for students beginning to study manuscripts, carving and paleography.
This is a web publication by Julia Craig-McFeely based to a large extent on her doctoral thesis submitted to the University of Oxford in 1993. The book contains over 800 pages and examines the place of the lute in 16th- and 17th-century English Society through a study of the English Lute Manuscripts of the 'Golden Age'. The book has eight chapters, glossaries and introduction, a bibliography, tables of examples, and six appendices. Each section opens as a separate PDF file.
This is an online image database of medieval manuscript illuminations from the collections of French municipal libraries. The database was created in collaboration by the Direction du livre et de la lecture and L'Institut de recherche et d'histoire des textes (IHRT-CNRS). Over 14000 images are stored in this database and can be viewed in both small and large formats. They are accompanied by brief manuscript descriptions. The database can be searched by manuscript title and author, subject of the illumination, type of illumination, or general area of study. A controlled vocabulary and an iconographic thesaurus for the illustrations are integrated within the database facilitating searching. There is also an expert search option.This database together with the Liber Floridus and Mandragore databases will eventually facilitate access to all the illuminated manuscripts held in French libraries.
This is a free online publication of 'Ergänzungen und Nachträge zum Katalog der deutschen romanischen Handschriften' (Addenda to the catalogue of German Romanic Manuscripts), which refers to the work by Hermann Julius Hermann: 'Die deutschen romanischen Handschriften. Beschreibendes Verzeichnis der illuminierten Handschriften in Österreich', Die illuminierten Handschriften und Inkunabeln der Nationalbibliothek in Wien: Band VIII, Teil II. Leipzig 1926. The website was first published in 2003 and is being constantly updated and added to. It now contains more than 150 entries of manuscripts that the project team was able either to classify more exactly or to completely reclassify. The resource features descriptions of the provenance, illuminations and style of each manuscript as well as pictural samples and bibliographical references. Manuscripts can be searched either by number or according to their provenance, and the website is frequently updated.
This is a scholarly online article by Dr. Menso Folkerts of the Institut für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften of the University of München (Munich, Germany), which discusses the extant manuscripts of Euclid's "Elements". The paper was first presented by Dr. Folkerts at a workshop entitled "Summary Catalogues of Medieval Manuscripts" in 1986, and published in 1989 in a booklet by the University of Winnipeg for limited distribution.The article is structured in two parts: a general discussion of the medieval Latin texts of Euclid's "Elements"; and a list of all manuscripts, including brief descriptions, of the "Elements" known to the author.A table of contents with hyperlinks facilitates easy navigation of the text of the article. Notes are displayed in red and Arabic words in blue.
The website of the European Manuscript Server Initiative (EMSI) is an online collection of digitised manuscripts from the project which aims to create large collections of digital manuscripts from across European libraries; the project also intends to make them available on the web, on CD-ROMs and DVDs to the general public and to other commercial or non-commercial initiatives involved in the exloitation of European cultural heritage. Among the libraries and institutions included in the EMSI programme are: Biblioteca Comunale Classense (Ravenna); Biblioteca Malatestiana (Cesena); and Biblioteca Comunale dell' Archiginnasio (Bologna). Some sample images can be seen by non-registered users, but an informal online registration is needed to access the full archive. Some software special requirements must be fulfilled before attempting image retrieval, and full technical documentation is provided on the website for this purpose.
Forschungsdokumentation zu Handschriften und seltenen Drucken (Documentation of research on manuscripts and rare prints) is the online version of a bibliography of secondary literature on manuscripts and early printed books held at the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek. Although collecting research literature started only in the 1950s, some of the papers go back to the 19th century. So far most of the entries are based on the old card catalogue and may contain only limited information. There are more than 113,000 bibliographical references which can be searched using several criteria, including shelf mark, year, aspect and provenance.
This is an online exhibition illustrating the history of the medieval book from the 9th up the the 15th centuries with a rich variety of material from the holdings of Cornell University Library's Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections. The exhibition presents images of medieval manuscripts and printed books, including early religious manuscripts, illuminated prayerbooks, secular works of classical antiquity, and the first books printed from metal type. The appearance of the books, their content, audiences, and forms are the main themes underlying the exhibition. Users will find illustrated sections on: sacred scripture; prayer; church books; school books; manuscripts in the print age; the deterioration of manuscripts; and collections held at Cornell University. The resource is user friendly and well illustrated, and would be a great asset to any student of medieval Christianity and liturgical texts.
Grafos is the website of a permanent seminar dedicated to written culture, organised by Departamento de Ciencias y Técnicas Historiográficas (Paleografía y Diplomática) at Universidad Complutense in Madrid. The website aims to facilitate the exchange of information, knowledge and news between all those with an interest in archival studies, libraries, description and conservation of written heritage, diplomatic, and palaeography. For each field of study a bibliography and a list of Grafos contacts are given. The website provides details about the activities of the seminar and other related academic events, news, doctoral dissertations, and various research projects. In addition, users will find a comprehensive links page, and there are several subject-themed bibliographies. An article and reviews section is also planned. Users should note that the resource is only available in Spanish.
The Handschriften, Autographen, Nachlässe und Sonderbestände (HANS) is the online catalogue of the manuscript department of the University and Federal State Library in Bonn. It contains all the new manuscript acquisitions and all the closed and partially opened earlier archives acquired by the library. Amongst examples of the named collections of manuscripts included in HANS are: the papers of the mathematician Felix Hausdorff (1886-1942); an incomplete archive of the art historian Carl Justi (1832-1912); the correspondence of the Bonn literary couple Gottfried Kinkel (1815-1882) and his wife Johanna Kinkel (1810-1858); the papers of the classical archaeologist George Loeschke (1855-1915); and others. Simple searches (by personal names or corporate bodies, titles and references, date and place, signatures) and combined searches are both possible in HANS. There is also an alphabetical index arranged by surname, which gives an overview of the existing archival collections.
This online resource primarily provides brief evaluative descriptions of websites pertaining to diplomatics within the field of manuscript studies, including links to the resources. It covers topics such as: Research institutions; Introduction to the field; Bibliographies for the study of charters, collections of photographs and links; Cartularies; General topics; Imperial and royal charters; Papal charters; Private charters. Most sources covered are German, English or French. The compilation is part of the German subject tree within the framework of the Virtual Library. Users should note that resource descriptions are in German only.
This online resource primarily provides brief evaluative descriptions of websites concerning medieval manuscript studies in general and codicology in particular, with links to the relevant websites. While the emphasis is on medieval manuscripts, some later manuscripts are included. Sites are grouped in sections: current events (the sole non-evaluative section); portals; institutes, societies, discussion lists and conferences; online bibliographies, texts, and periodicals; thematic studies; single manuscripts; catalogues and digitisation of manuscripts, or information about cataloguing or digitisation projects; watermarks; history of paper. The site's own page lists libraries containing manuscripts, arranged alphabetically by town, with the web link and an evaluative description of the site content. The resources covered are international. Most sites to which links are made are in German or English, with some in French, Italian and Spanish; the pages of libraries to which links are made are in the language of the country of the library. The compilation is part of the German subject tree within the framework of the Virtual Library. There is also an English version of the resource available, although only for the titles of main sections.
"The Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux" is an online presentation of a book of hours which was made for the Queen of France between 1324 and 1328 and is currently held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The web pages were created following the Museum exhibition "Prayer Book for a Queen: The Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux", which displayed the unbound pages of the manuscript. This is a simple presentation aimed at the general public, which explores the five primary divisions of this medieval prayer book, including a brief historical background, the technique of manuscript illumination, the religious calendar, the hours of the Virgin, and the hours of Saint Louis. Users are able to click on questions inside the text for further elaboration of terms and enlarged images. The website is easy to navigate, and would make a useful tool for classroom teaching.
This is the online version of Consuelo Dutschke's Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library published in 1989, comprising detailed descriptions of manuscripts in Latin script from the Library's collection. The catalogue is accompanied by an extensive introduction discussing the scope of the catalogue, the descriptions, and the history of the Huntington collection of medieval and Renaissance manuscripts. Several indexes facilitate browsing of the catalogue entries by manuscript shelfmark, author, title, place of origin, date of origin, scribe, and artist. Most manuscript descriptions have at least one and in some cases several images attached to them. The entire Huntington catalogue is also fully integrated in the Digital Scriptorium database and can be search using this database's searching facilities.
This is the website for a project at Cambridge University Computer Laboratory to devise a computational method for classifying or categorizing English 15th century manuscripts by scribe based on handwriting specimens from those manuscripts. The project involves student work on digital images and transcriptions of writing samples from ten identified scribes. The algorithms devised to classify them will be tested on a further ten unidentified scribes. It is hoped that the algorithm devised will assist those trying to identify new handwriting specimens. The website provides an overview of the project, and a brief bibliography with links to related sites.
The Index of Medieval Medical Instruments is a project, begun in 1988, with the aim of providing a searchable database with which to access images of medieval manuscripts held in North America with a medical interest. Users can browse or search the collection through the Digital Collections page of the University of California Los Angeles Library. Thirteen texts are contained in this version of the database, covering: teaching of medicine; illumiated manuscript images; botany; and medical reference texts. Users can browse by text or page, or search the database. Images are annotated with a table containing their metadata, including: a description of the image; its subject classification; its approximate date and publisher; and its current library location.
Their are 524 images in all, taken from the 13 texts. The database is easy to browse and search, and would be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of medicine in the medieval era, and its presentation in scholarly manuscripts and teaching manuals.
This is the website of the Institut des Traditions Textuelles. The institute conducts interdisciplinary research in philosophy, history, history of religion, and history of science in many languages, including Greek, Latin, Hebrew, Arabic, Coptic, Ethiopian, and Syriac. It was created in 1996 by bringing together four research units of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS): Histoire des doctrines de la fin de l'Antiquité et du Haut Moyen Âge; Centre d'études des religions du livre; Centre d'histoire des sciences et des philosophies Arabes et Médiévales; Laboratoire de médiévistique occidentale de Paris. The website provides only basic details for access to the institute and its library. A separate Web page is dedicated to the collection entitled 'Textes et traditions' published by Librairie philosophique J. Vrin. There is a list of titles already published, which leads through hyperlinks to each book's title page (including a scanned image), a brief abstract and / or the table of contents.
Kalliope is a searchable online union catalogue which lists and describes personal papers and autographs kept in more than 150 libraries, archives and museums in Germany. The database contains over 1.2 million records from the former Zentralkartei der Autographen. Kalliope also receives new data from various participating institutions, providing a high level of editorial control, and application of standard cataloguing rules. Kalliope Portal offers access to other remote catalogues in conjunction with the Kalliope database, containing over 550,000 autographs and over 250,000 names of persons in addition to the Kalliope central database. There are three main search options: by autograph, by persons, and by collection. These searches are free. For the Portal test area of the website, user registration is required. Users should note that the site is only available in German.
This is an electronic catalogue developed by the Kommission für Schrift- und Buchwesen des Mittelalters der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, which contains full descriptions of over one hundred non-archival medieval manuscripts and fragments from the period of 9th to the 16th century belonging to small public, church and private collections in Vienna and Lower Austria. The manuscripts selected for this catalogue include codices with theological and historiographical content, as well as literary and liturgical texts of the Middle Ages. The main bulk of the catalogue is codices of Latin texts. Also included is a significant number of German language historiographical and legal texts, fragments of Middle High German epic, and two Dutch manuscripts. This website provides background information about the catalogue, which is available on CD-ROM or on the web by subscription.
"L'aventure des écritures" website is part of a series of interactive educational websites developed at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France (BNF) based on its collections. BNF aims to promote and exploit its great cultural heritage for the benefit of the general public and in particular students at various stages of learning. "L'aventure des écritures" is structured in three parts: the beginning of writing; materials and forms; and the page. Each of these sections is accompanied by extensive introductory texts cross-referenced with hyperlinks, and a series of high-quality images illustrating the concepts. In addition, links to a genealogy of writing, myths surrounding the beginning of various ancient alphabets, inconographic examples of documents written in many alphabets and scripts, glossaries of terms, chronologies, and bibliographies are provided. Other features include educational games and question and answer sections.The website is well structured and highly entertaining, and can be used to supplement classroom teaching.
This website Lámhscríbhinní Gaeilge or Irish Handwriting, maintained by the Faculty of Celtic studies at the University of Cork, is dedicated to the palaeography of 18th- and 19th-century Irish manuscripts. The site features a table of correspondence between the Irish and Roman alphabets. This, and a table of abbreviations, are reproductions of printed pages. Furthermore, the site makes available nine one-folio samples of Irish hands reproduced from manuscripts, each with print transcriptions into Irish and Roman print. The transcriptions are accessed simply by clicking on the manuscript sample, and appear either line-by-line or for the entire text. Full descriptions of the manuscripts are also provided.
Heidelberg University Library has made available online page images and catalogue entries for 27 late Medieval illustrated manuscripts which originate from the Bibliotheca Palatina (Palatine Library). The manuscripts were produced by three 15th century German workshops ("Elsässische Werkstatt von 1418", "workshop of Diebold Lauber" at Hagenau, "workshop of Ludwig Henfflin") and include legal, religious, literary and historical titles. Holdings are in German, often in the dialect of the scribe or the patron commissioning the manuscript. The script or book hand belongs to the 'bastarda' family of scripts. The project received funding from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and is a collaboration with Heidelberg University Institute for Art History. The site is in German with the exception of an English introduction.
The database of images includes metadata about iconographic features, classified according to the Iconclass system. Searches of the database may be restricted by manuscript, title, workshop, artist, Iconclass notation and terms, and ornamentation. The results page displays thumbnails of the page images matching the search criteria. Manuscripts may be browsed by shelfmark or by the title or author of works contained within (e.g. Bible, book of nature, chronicle, Wolfram von Eschenbach). Images are easily navigated and a version is available for printing (PDF). A detailed glossary is also provided together with introductions to book production in the Middle Ages and to each of the workshops. The project has also digitized excerpts or the full-text (in HTML or PDF) of a number of reference works and catalogues relating to the outputs from the workshops and the holdings of the Palatine Library. High-resolution images from the manuscripts may be ordered from the project and delivered on CD-Rom.
This is an online catalogue of the Lawrence J. Schoenberg private library of late medieval and early modern manuscripts developed at the Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text and Image (SCETI), Penn Library, University of Pennsylvania. This project facilitates access by scholars to full digital facsimiles and bibliographic descriptions of manuscripts from this private collection. New images and records of manuscripts are being added to the database on an ongoing basis. Over 400 records are currently available for browsing and searching, of which only 30 have manuscript images attached. The manuscripts are being scanned in their entirety, folio by folio, and the images are of very good quality. Each manuscript receives a full bibliographic description and references. The searching mechanism is well developed and the navigation system from image to image is simple and easy to use.
Le Moyen Âge en lumière is the website of a collaborative project co-ordinatinated by the Institut de recherche et d'histoire des textes (CNRS) providing access to several hundred images of manuscript illuminations selected from the collections of medieval manuscripts held in French libraries. The images cover the period from 500 up to the 1400s, and are organised in ten themes: time and space; animals; mankind, the family and kinship; work and daily life; signs and forms of power; the legal imagination; knowledge and education; showing the invisible; faces of God; and a world in the margins. The selection of images presented on the site changes every day and an archive of images is maintained for browsing or full-text searching.While the full collection of high resolution images is available for purchase on DVD-ROM, this website gives access to the entire database. Despite its introductory nature the website is very informative and the image quality is excellent. It is also user friendly and well structured and maintained.
This is the website of the Leiden Centre of the Book, based at the Leiden University Library in the Netherlands. The main activities of the Centre are interdisciplinary teaching and research ranging across the entire period of recorded communication, from inscription to digital information networks, and across many Eastern and Western cultures. An extensive list of links is provided on the website. There is also a section on the Centre's course programme, but the information is out of date (1997/1998). The website can be viewed both in English and in Dutch. The site does not appear to be updated regularly, however the Dutch version provides more current information than the English version.
Liber Floridus is a collaborative project that aims to create an image database providing access to all the digital images of the medieval manuscript illuminations held in the higher education libraries in France. It is a work-in-progress conducted in parallel with indexing the vast corpus of illuminated manuscripts. The website is divided into three sections: the search function ("Recherche iconographique") providing access to the indexed manuscripts and their associated images; the browse function providing access directly to images, whether already indexed or not, by library; and an online ordering mechanism for requesting reproductions of manuscript illuminations from holding libraries. At present, only the illuminated manuscripts of the bibliothèques Mazarine and Sainte-Geneviève have been loaded into Liber Floridus. They represent approximately 1,700 manuscripts and 33,000 images. This database together with the Enluminures and Mandragore databases will eventually facilitate access to all the illuminated manuscripts held in French libraries. Despite the fact that the database only has access to images from two institutions, the collection is impressive nevertheless, and would be of value to any scholar or student of illuminated manuscripts. However, users should note that there is little annotation to images.
Il libro antico is a research gateway providing access to a wide range of websites related to the history of the book. The gateway is structured in three main categories: information related to rare book acquisition, cataloguing and preservation, online exhibitions and libraries; information related to the history of books and libraries, including online bibliographies, digital editions, electronic projects, institutions and courses; and free access to the online tables of contents and full-text articles of "Discipline del libro: bollettino della Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia dell'Università degli Studi di Udine". The website - which provides a wealthy array of relevant information - is updated regularly.
This website provides the transcription of texts and digital facsimiles of three medieval German manuscripts of musical lyrics. The choice of manuscripts depends on the various contributors and is described as being neither complete nor representative. Information about the manuscripts, with references to secondary literature, is provided. The site includes an explanation of the rules used for transcription. Users should note that the resource is only available in German, and only features text.
This is the website of M. Moleiro Editor, a Spanish publisher specialising in facsimile reproductions of medieval manuscripts. The website offers a full online sales catalogue of all the seventeen full facsimiles published by Moleiro, providing images of manuscripts, descriptions, and purchasing information. Each facsimile manuscript is presented in a gallery of thumbnail images, highlighting its main features, including the most representative illuminations, the binding, and some of the open pages of the book. Some images can be seen in large format by zooming in. Among the most notable facsimiles are Beatos de Cardeña (1175-1185), Beatos d'Arroyo (1210-1220), Apocalypse Gulbenkian (1265-1270), and Bible of St. Louis (1226-1234). The website has English, French, Spanish and German versions. Users should note that this resource is a largely commercial one, and should expect little annotation or background textual information on images.
MALVINE is an online search service for modern (i.e. post-Medieval) manuscripts held across European cultural heritage institutions. It is a project funded by the European Commission, co-ordinated by the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin and developed by a consortium of 17 European libraries, archives, and museums. MALVINE database enables researchers to search across diverse local systems and manuscript cataloguing practices using a unified web interface. The website is multiligual and searches can be conducted in English, German, French, Spanish and Portuguese. There are also very useful multilingual help FAQ pages. Simple and advanced searches are possible and the search and display mechanism is user-friendly. Featured catalogues come from: Universidad Complutense, Madrid; the Contemporary Portuguese Cultural Archive; Institute Memoires de l'edition Contemporaine; the Deutsches Literaturarchiv Marbach; the British Library; Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin; and Forschungsstelle und Dokumentationszentrum fur Osterreichische Philosophie, Graz. In all, the resource is a valuable research tool to scholars and postgraduate students alike.
Mandragore is an iconographic database developed by the Centre de Recherche sur les Manuscrits Enluminés at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. It has been available online from March 2003 providing access to over 7,500 of the 80,000 manuscript images catalogued with the aid of a thesaurus of 15,000 specialised terms. The images, whether currently available online or not, are fully searchable using one or a combination of indexes, such as the manuscript shelfmark, title, author, place of origin, and date. They can also be searched using the name of the artist responsible for creating the illumination, and the subject of the illumination as given in the online thesaurus. This database together with the Enluminures and Liber Floridus databases will eventually facilitate access to all the illuminated manuscripts held in French libraries.
On the main page, users will find basic information about the database, and there are also comprehensive instructions to help with searches. The database can also be browsed by theme. The resource represents a valuable aid to researchers, although users should note that the website is only available in French.
This is a website aimed at collecting ideas and contributions from those interested in acquiring skills for conducting primary research using manuscript and early printed materials. The outcome of these discussions is an online interdisciplinary and multi-institutional course covering a wide range of methodological aspects from paleographical descriptions of a range of scripts (with photographic facsimiles and transcription exercises) to anecdotes about what is involved in doing research in particular archives and libraries. This course covers bibliographical issues throughout the medieval and early modern periods and aims to meet the needs of historians and literary scholars.
From the main page, users navigate to three main sections. Course Notes includes (among other sections): paleography; diplomatics; a definition of manuscript studies; textual analysis tips; and introductions to manuscript holdings at the British Library and the Bodleian Library. The Bibliography is divided into nineteen sections, covering: incunabula; the history of publishing and printing; manuscript production; and archival research. Finally, the links page acts as a gateway to further online resources in manuscript studies. As a whole, Stephen Reimer's pages are of value to researchers and students alike, in search of definitions and sources to begin to investigate manuscripts and archive material.
Manuscripta Medievalia is a manuscript database providing free access to over 27,000 descriptive records of German medieval manuscripts. The catalogue has a permanent central editorship in the State Library of Berlin, with contributions from the Marburg Photo Archive and the Bavarian State Library of Munich. Access to digital images of manuscripts and links to online digitised manuscript catalogues are also provided. There are over 70 completely digitised illuminated manuscripts and manuscript fragments. Also, over 75,000 pages from over 200 digitised printed manuscript catalogues can be browsed on this website. A discussion list of the manuscript editors and a collection of links supplement the information available on the website. The database is updated frequently.
Users will find an impressive list of gateways to other academic resources and digitised manuscript collections, and there is an impressive amount of textual information about the catalogue and the State Library's holdings. Users should note that the resource is only available in German.
The website "Manuscriptorium: European Digital Library of Written Cultural Heritage" is a project for collecting and providing online access to historical resources European wide. It is basically a collective virtual library, gathering the holdings of numerous national and university libraries from Europe. Originally a project financed by the National Library of the Czech Republic, thanks to the ENRICH project it has now expanded to include 5 million digitised images. Historical book resources in this database include: manuscripts; incunabula; early printed books; maps; charters; and any other type of written document. A list of the contributing libraries can be consulted. Users are encouraged to make use of the free registration, which gives them access to the full range of research and editing tools from this website: creating virtual documents with images from the database with personal notes; or the translation tool for document descriptions. A PDF file with a guide to using Manuscriptorium is provided. The search can be easy or advanced, using document identification or document origin. The welcome screen also gives information for partner or new institutions. The site provides specific software tools and engines needed for uploading new documents, therefore creating a rather overwhelming main page. The website is available in several European languages, although the search interface is exclusively in English. Manuscriptorium is a crucial resource for anyone interested in history, cultural history and cultural heritage.
This list, compiled by Peter Kidd of the British Library, provides known locations and callmarks for manuscripts once owned by Henry Yates Thompson (1838-1928). The majority of Yates Thompson's manuscripts were dispersed in his lifetime in various sales between 1902 and 1921. This list is an extremely useful provenance tool, reproducing the annotations in a British Library staff copy of Seymour De Ricci's article 'Les manuscrits de la collection Henry Yates Thompson' (1926). To avoid confusion, it should be noted that the manuscript numbers relate to the four catalogues prepared by M. R. James and others between 1899 and 1912 and not to the current Yates Thompson manuscript numbers in the British Library.
The Marburger Repertorien is a project led by a group of researchers from the Institute of German Philology at the Philips University Marburg, which aims to build a set of digital archives and inventories of manuscripts documenting the tradition of German literature of the Middle Ages. This project collaborates with the Manuscripta Mediaevalia project, the Marburg Photo Archives and the Archives of the Berlin-Brandenburgi Academy of Sciences, and is receiving support from the German Research Council. The website provides detailed information about: the census of manuscripts of German language texts of the Middle Ages (Handschriftencensus), which covers more than 1,100 works found in over 4,100 manuscripts kept in over 600 libraries and archives; two catalogues of German manuscripts from the 13th and 14th centuries; a catalogue of manuscripts of 'free thinking' German texts up to 1583; an inventory of fragments at the Marburg State Archives; and a list of illuminated manuscripts (Handschriftenabbildungen) that have been described and in some cases also digitised, and made available on the web.
This is a prototype website for a web-based open catalogue of manuscripts proposed by Marco Palma and Antonio Cartelli at the Universití degli Studi di Cassino. More information about the framework for and content of such a catalogue is available in a full-text scholarly article via a link to a PDF file from this website. In its current stage of development, the website provides access only to one prototype catalogue description of a manuscript - the "Martirologio dell'Assunta di Arpino". The catalogue entry is divided into four main sections: research on the manuscript, manuscript description, digital images of the entire manuscript, and notes and commentary. Each section comprises of several full-text scholarly articles contributed by researchers in the field.
"Mathematische Handschriften des Mittelalters" is the full-text web version of an article written by Prof. Dr. Menso Folkerts for Einsichten. Forschung an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München 1 (1996), 28-31. Folkerts was Initiator of the project in 1977 at the University of Oldenburg, now Institute for the History of Science in Munich. The article discusses Prof Folkerts' project to identify all mathematical texts in manuscripts written in the Western languages from Antiquity to the 16th century. Work on this project has resulted in a central archive of manuscripts on microfilm consisting of more than 5,000 manuscripts belonging to more than 350 libraries around the world. The archive also contains several hundred microfilms of Arabic manuscripts. This collection is unique in the world and it represents an invaluable resource for history of science research, and also for classical philology and medieval & renaissance studies. More recently, an international computer catalogue of medieval scientific manuscripts (ICCMSM) has been under development and contains information on more than 10,000 manuscripts.
The website "Mediaevum.de" is a portal created and maintained by four medieval German scholars as a private enterprise dedicated to students, academic researchers and the general public interested in medieval German and Latin culture. The website compiles and provides access to extensive and authoritative information, sources and tools on the web for the study of these literatures in the high middle ages and the later middle ages and humanistic periods. All the links have descriptions with details of content and quality. The language of the site is German with an English introduction to the top-level pages. No full English version of the portal is currently being planned.
Mediaevum.de is a site devoted to high and late medieval German and Latin cultural history and literature. It provides a number of scholarly resources and tools, including: extensive links to relevant departments; details on funding, grants and scholarships; links to bibliographic sites; and links to special databases for medievalists, ranging from dictionaries to CD-ROMs to manuscript portals. Reviews are provided here on many indispensable Web sources, and thus this site constitutes an excellent starting point for researchers and students. A separate subsite for undergraduates lists bibliographic information and links to online texts. An overview is available in English; the remaining pages are in German. Regular news updates on site activities are posted and the site has its own search engine.
This is the web page dedicated to the medieval and renaissance manuscripts collection of the Lilly Library at Indiana University. It provides an overview of the manuscript and illuminated manuscript holdings, including the main highlights of the collection (including bibles, books of hours, and versions of texts by Boccaccio, Seneca and Saint Augustine). There is a link to exhibition catalogues, including catalogues of manuscript-related exhibitions, published by and available for purchase from the library. Users will also find links to various online resources, subject guides, and finding aids facilitating access to the Lilly Library's manuscript collections.
From the main page, users can access the Lilly Library's main page, from which it is possible to read about special online exhibitions (one of which covers seventeenth century medical texts), search dedicated databases, and browse manuscript descriptions. The resource also had a subject guide to its manuscript collections that can be reached through the Manuscript Collection Database.
This is the website of the Medieval Institute Library at the University of Notre Dame, a uniquely rich resource for medieval studies in that it gathers in one place some 90,000 volumes; various collections of handbooks, series, pamphlets, reprints and photographic materials; microfilm and microfiche copies of some 3,000 medieval manuscripts and facsimile reprints from European libraries; a large collection of manuscript catalogues and materials on palaeography, diplomatics, and early printed books; and a collection of more than 200 medieval seals in facsimile. The library holdings on the history of medieval universities and medieval education reflect the Medieval Institute's scholarly interest in intellectual history, including that of the Byzantine Empire.
This resource from the Van Pelt Library website provides access to an online inventory of the library's microform collection of some one thousand medieval manuscripts. The list is intended to serve as a finding aid, and can be browsed by microform call number or by country, repository or manuscript shelfmark. The resource does not offer interactive elements (such as a search facility, for example), but provides an exhaustive list of microform holdings for those researches with an idea of the type of documents for which they are searching.
The resource forms part of the listings for the Microform Collections in the Penn Libraries, which span fine art, newspapers, and manuscripts.
The collection of microforms of medieval manuscripts belongs to the Van Pelt Library at the University of Pennsylvania and contains reproductions from approximately one thousand medieval manuscripts. The webpages provide an online inventory of the collection, arranged by country, repository, and shelfmark, and by call number. The entries in the inventory are brief, giving a statement of content, a few keywords, and the type of reproduction.
This is a personal website created and maintained by a freelance medievalist, Dr. Dianne Tillotson (Canberra, Australia), providing introductory material for the study of medieval handwriting. The site is very well structured, accessible and abundantly illustrated without detracting away from the quality of the content. The text is hyperlinked throughout to a glossary of terms and a bibliography, and is broken down into sections, which can be navigated using the links in the left frame. A series of interactive Palaeography exercises are being offered in DHTML and Flash versions. The manuscripts are chosen from various sources and cover book and documentary hands from the 6th up to the 16th century. Each text has an overview, an alphabet, abbreviations, a set of exercises, a transcription and a translation. The digital images of the manuscript texts are of good quality and the technical solution used is very ingenious. This is a good, accessible site for palaeography students and anyone else interested in learning about medieval texts and textual production, particularly since the resource provides good glossary and bibliography sections.
Memoriae Mundi Series Bohemica (MMSB) is an online database of digitised documents held in libraries and collections in the Czech Republic. The database is the outcome of a large digitisation project in the Czech National Library. From the main page, users can access both the present form and a previous incarnation of the Manuscriptorium database. In the new version, it is possible to browse within more than five million digital images. Researchers can form their own personal library of images, and archivists and librarians can access help with the digitisation of their own collections through the M-Tool application. With free registration, it is also possible to search the database.
The main page also acts as a gateway to Kramerius, the online catalogue of digitised documents from the Czech National Library, and contains a textual introduction to the Manuscriptorium project.
The Menota Handbook, published by the Medieval Nordic Text Archive at the University of Bergen, is a guide to good practice for the creation of electronic editions of medieval Nordic texts. The Handbook contains ten chapters and various appendicies dealing with the basics of encoding texts with XML (following the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) Guidelines); the transcription of characters and words from manuscript sources; representing different levels or types of text; dealing with abbreviations in medieval manuscripts; representing additions, deletions and damage; lemmatisation and Old Norse morphology; encoding of metrics (poem, stanza, lines, type, assonance); and the structured description of a manuscript (using the tagset developed by the MASTER project and the TEI workgroup on manuscript description). The appendicies include descriptions of suitable Unicode fonts; XML editors; and a bibliography of works cited. The English edition is based on the earlier work, Håndbok for koding av nordiske middelaldertekster i samsvar med TEI P3 og XML.
The National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC) is a free-of-charge co-operative catalog ing program at the Library of Congress providing descriptions and locations of archival and manuscript collections held in public, college and university, and special libraries located throughout North America and around the world. The data is supplied by a large number of eligible repositories for cataloguing by NUCMC staff, and is made available to researchers worldwide. The main facilities offered by NUCMC are: access to searching the NUCMC/RLG Union Catalog AMC gateway; access to approximately 300,000 catalog records available in the OCLC bibliographic database; a listing of over 5,000 websites describing holdings of manuscripts, archives, rare books, historical photographs, and other primary sources for the research scholar.
"The Painted Word" is an online calligraphy project by Julie Sparks during her undergraduate studies in Classics at Willamette University, Oregon. The aim of the project is to create two illuminated manuscript pages, one in Latin and one in Greek, using calligraphic alphabets from the medieval period and interlinear text in English. The website presents the work of the artist in detail, including the manuscript design and parchment preparation, gilding, and illumination. Additional useful information on terminology, various materials, pigments and recipes, a gallery of the most recent artist's works, a bibliography, and contact details are also available. The website is well structured and is of interest to beginners in calligraphy, and those wishing to find out about the reproduction and preparation of manuscripts and early books.
This online interactive tutorial was developed by the National Archives in partnership with the School of Library, Archive and Information Studies (SLAIS), University College London. The tutorial offers an introduction to the basics of palaeography and concentrates on handwriting found in documents written in English between 1500 and 1800. Ten documents have been fully digitised and offered for reading online alongside their historical background; glossaries; notes on the palaeography of each document; sample alphabets taken from each document and full transcripts. There are useful tips throughout the tutorial and a set of additional documents digitised for further practice. Each document can be viewed online or can be printed using a PDF format. The image quality is very good and the tutorial provides an excelent zoom facility for enhancing the reading experience. Also useful are the quick reference and further reading sections of the tutorial. There is even an online paleography game!
This is an online full-text version of Franz Steffens's "Lateinische Paläographie" in its French translation (Paris-Trèves, 1910), illustrating the development of writing from Antiquity up to the 18th century. This electronic text is published by ARCHIVI Sistema Archivistico Nazionale in Rome. The text is presented as a collection of PDF files, closely following the content structure of the book. It also includes the introduction, preface and indices, and 125 high quality plates with notes and transcriptions. Some of the PDF files may be too large for reading on screen. Printing the pages in a slighly reduced format of 21 x 30 cm is a close approximation to the original.
Paläographie Online is a web-based palaeography teaching module released within the framework of the Bavarian Virtual University (Virtuelle Hochschule Bayern - VHB). The tutorial consists of two courses, each divided into a series of learning units, covering the development of Latin writing and the nature of books and documents from Antiquity to the Middle Ages. The first course is already available online and introduces various forms of handwriting beginning with the Roman Capitals and up to the spread of the Carolingian Minuscule. The second course will concentrate on the transition from the Carolingian Minuscule to the Gothic writing around 1100 and up to the end of the writing culture in the 15th century. The tutorial is well illustrated throughout with sample images taken from manuscripts showing the most commonly found letter forms. A very useful tool for reading and transcription is the sample alphabet that accompanies each script. There is also an extensive glossary of terms with hyperlinks to the relevant sections of the tutorial, and a list of the main abbreviations with associated images. This website presents only a demo version of the full teaching module summarising the content and illustrating some of the main functionalities of the programme. To access the live tutorial it is necessary to obtain a log in and password from VHB.
This online resource is a tutorial created by Thomas Frenz of Passau University for students beginning to study palaeography. It comprises primarily seven exercises from Latin texts, each demonstrating a different kind of handwriting from the fifth century to the fifteenth century CE. (Emphasis is on the mid-twelfth century and the 15th century, with two texts from each.) The site shows a facsimile for each text, which the student transcribes on screen. The student can request help and a correct transliteration on screen. A dictionary explains various abbreviations, moving from the description to the abbreviation. Users should note that the resource is only available in German.
An online inventory of the more than 500 published papyrological documents in the Carsten Niebuhr Institute of Near Eastern Studies in the University of Copenhagen together with a succinct guide to the considerable quantity of unpublished material in Arabic, Coptic, Demotic, Hieratic, Hieroglyphic, Greek, Latin and Tamil (the latter actually written on palm-leaves). Most of the material in the collection, which began to be accumulated from the early 20th century onwards from the antiquity market and later from excavations, is from the so-called Temple Library in Tebtunis, dating between 200 BC and 200 AD. Other sources include Edfu, Gebelein, Hawara, Hermopolis, Mendes and Thebes. Each inventory entry provides a basic description of individual papyri and a list of relevant publications. The website also provides a concordance of joins and a list of publications in the Carlsburg Papyri series. This resource is particularly useful for papyrological scholars and others interested in ancient writings, especially since many corpora of papyri are scattered around the world in different collections.
This is a small collection of images of papyrus and parchment documents dating from the 7th to the 14th century related to the history of Quercy. The original documents are held at the Centre d'Accueil et de Recherche des Archives Nationales (CARAN) in Paris. Each image is accompanied by a brief catalogue description. The images can be viewed in large format but in some cases smaller details are unclear on the screen. The images are held in the Archives Nationales Images de Documentes (ARCHIM) database.
Peraldus is a private project of Dr Alain Nadeau that aims to create a digital repository of bibliographical, codicological and philological references for the study of ancient and medieval manuscripts. At the core of the project is an online index of manuscripts listed in Kaeppeli's Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorum Medii Aevi, but other sources are also used. More than 37,000 manuscripts from over 1,500 libraries, including ancient, no longer existing libraries, are being covered. There are plans to compile and add new references from scholarly journals and mafor reference works, with an emphasis on works without a manuscript index. In some cases there are also links to Internet resources and to books on specific manuscripts. Each manuscript has a dedicated page where identification information, including ancient shelfmarks, previous ownership details, and references can be found. The level of detail varies for each manuscript, with some manuscripts being particularly well documented.
The production and use of English manuscripts 1060 to 1220 is the website for the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) funded project of the same title. The project intends to 'identify, analyse and evaluate all manuscripts containing English written in England between 1060 and 1220'. A collaboration between the Universities of Leeds and Leicester, the project aims to produce a corpus of material in order to address fundamental questions about the evolution of medieval English textual culture. The project will also analyse the manuscripts': place of origin; contents; audience; and reasons why they were written. The status of written English in relation to French and Latin will also be addressed. The site provides information on activities and publications by the Project and its team, as well as a catalogue of manuscripts, an online newsletter archive, and a related bibliography. The work of this project would be of interest to researchers and students of: linguistics; manuscripts studies; and English.
This is an online version of the catalogue of medieval manuscripts from the holdings of Queen's College Library at Oxford. The catalogue was compiled by Peter Kidd and builds upon previously published earlier catalogues of this collection. It describes in detail 60 manuscript codices in Latin, English, French, Greek, Scots, and Arabic, written before c.1600, and a small number of medieval leaves. Each manuscript description opens as a separate PDF file. There are also several images associated with each catalogue entry illustrating some of the details described, such as binding, decoration, textual elements, and provenance information. The images are small and not intended to be used for the study of the manuscript. The intention is to update the web version periodically and to add new bibliography. The catalogue will also be published in the conventional way and will include a historical introduction, indexes and reproductions not made available on the website. Readers are invited to contribute by writing to Peter Kidd with any corrections and additions.
An online facsimile of a manuscript in Austria known as the Reichenau Primer or Reichenauer Schulheft (St. Paul im Lavanttal, Benediktinerstift, MS 86a/1). This school book has been dated to the ninth century and was written perhaps at Reichenau or St. Gall. It contains notes on natural history, grammar, astronomy and geography; Greek and Latin word lists; hymns; and poems in Irish. The images are of quite a high quality. They may be downloaded in two file sizes (large or small). It is refreshing to see facing pages presented in one image so that the reader can have a sense of mise-en-page. Unfortunately, there is no supporting or explanatory material at all and just one reference to a recent German article on this manuscript (see below). This is a considerable impediment. Fuller information is vital when presenting manuscript material on the web. A full description of this manuscript by Karl Preisendanz may be found in 'Die Reichenauer Handschriften' vol. 3. pt. 2, pp.124-127 (part of Alfred Holder's 'Die Handschriften der Grossherzoglich Badischen Hof- und Landesbibliothek in Karlsruhe', vol. 7, Leipzig and Berlin, 1917). There is also partial transcription of folio 7 verso in Hans Gröchenig's 'Katalog der Ausstellung: Handschriftenfragmente von 500-1500', St. Paul im Lavanttal, 1977, pp49-52.
The website Renaissance Dante in Print (1472-1629) has been developed by Theodore Cachey, Associate Professor of Romance Languages and Literatures at the University of Notre Dame. The site provides an introduction to the early editorial and printing history of Dante Alighieri's work. This online exhibition makes available a number of high-quality images of Dante incunabula. Additionally, there is a list of early editions of Dante's work up to 1716, with editor and place of publication cited. The site also offers a Dante chronology, a history of Dante title pages and a section on Dante's Hell. One of the particular highlights in this section is the map of Hell from the 1595 Florentine edition. The site would be of interest to those researching the history of the book and history of early printing, as well as those interested in Italian literature. Although selected pages of text from early editions are available online, the site does not provide access to full-text of Dante's works.
Repertorium Alborum Amicorum (RAA) is an online database currently listing over 15,000 albums and album fragments, with 40,000 literature references, held in over 400 public and private libraries and archives from 21 countries. RAA has been developed at the Institut für Germanistik der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg and is updated regularly. Given its bibliographic character, the database serves primarily as a tool for identifying manuscripts, leading to more detailed sources of information elsewhere. At the time of review, the search engine had been improved to include more search categories, including location of albums, album owner, date, and place of origin. Reference works related to particular albums are also listed, as well as any known reproductions. Users should note that the resource is only available in German.
The Repertorium Chronicarum is a project from the University of Mississippi aiming to survey and record in a single reference work the location of every known manuscript of every known Latin chronicle of the Middle Ages. Included are: chronicles; annals; histories; chronologies; notes on events; catalogues of popes; and genealogies of emperors and kings, from the beginning of the fourth century to the end of the fifteenth century. The chronicles can be browsed or searched by author, title, city and library. The contributors to this project are listed on the website. There is also an online feed-back form for posting comments and suggestions regarding the project. The resource would be of use to manuscript scholars in search of the locations of key works.
This is an online handlist of over 280 medieval and early modern Catalonian charters held at Georgetown University Library and items from the Sala family collection found in other American libraries. The online version is based on an undergraduate honors thesis written by Joseph J. Gwara, Jr. (School of Languages and Linguistics, Georgetown University) in 1982-83. The manuscripts date from 1261 to 1690 and the great majority are written in medieval Latin. Each manuscript in the handlist has a brief description. Some manuscripts also have links to a digital image. Users will also find an annotated textual introduction, and the website is simple to navigate.
This online catalogue of medieval Irish narratives, by Štěpán Kosík, is based primarily on d'Arbois de Jubainville's Essai d'un catalogue de la littérature épique de l'Irlande (first published Paris, 1883). It consists of large interlinked HTML documents giving, for each entry, title (in Irish with English translation), information on manuscripts, edition and/or translation, secondary literature and notes, hyper-text references, and WWW links. The site also has short biographies and bibliographies of the Celticists Josef Baudiš, Kuno Meyer and Julius Pokorny. Because of the size of the individual pages of the catalogue, an efficient Internet connection is required for using the site, which was still under construction at the time of writing. At the time of review the site hadn't been updated since 2007.
This is the 22nd online edition of a selection of digitised manuscripts from the Schoyen Collection. The Schoyen Collection is a large private manuscript collection formed in the 20th century and held at the National Library of Norway, comprising over 13,000 manuscripts from all over the world and spanning over 5,000 years, from 3300 BC to 1500 AD. The checklist is well structured and has a good contents page with hyperlinks to the main collections organised by subject. Sections of particular interest to manuscript scholars include: Bibles; history; literature; bindings; pre-1450 printing; and palaeography. The manuscript descriptions are very full and include good quality images in both thumbnail and large screen formats. There is also a comprehensive introductory section giving an overview of the entire Schoyen Collection, including the chronological distribution of manuscripts, the distribution by countries and languages, and a list of manuscript scriptoria and provenances. Users will also find a bibliography related to the Schoyen Collection.
Scrineum is a free online electronic periodical which publishes articles related to the study of Western medieval documents and books. It is based at the University of Pavia and published by Florence University Press. This initiative started in 1999 and is part of the Coordinamento delle iniziative on line per la medievistica italiana (CILMI), an informal forum bringing together major digital initiatives in the field of medieval studies in Italy. The articles are full-text and easily accessible by means of an alphabetical author index. The section entitled 'Rivista' provides access to reviews, reports on conferences and seminaries, and various hypertext projects. Additionally present is a section listing some helpful research tools, including bibliographies and inventories, textual editions of entire manuscripts and digital reproductions. The website also provides a calendar of current academic events of interest to manuscript scholars, and an archive of past events, including abstracts of papers. 'Biblioteca' is another important part of this initiative aiming to collect all the online articles and ebooks published by Scrineum on the history of the document, history of writing, and the manuscript book of the Middle Ages.
This is the website for Scriptorium and Bulletin Codicologique - two periodicals published by the Centre d'Étude des Manuscrits, Brussels. Scriptorium is a bi-annual multilingual publication founded in 1946 and edited by the Institut de Recherche et d'Histoire des Textes (IRHT) in Paris, which publishes articles, notes, and reviews of books about codicology and medieval manuscripts studies in general. Bulletin Codicologique is an ongoing bibliography founded in 1959 and edited by the Centre International de Codicologie in Belgium, which publishes critical reviews of recent studies related to medieval manuscripts. The website provides a search tool for finding articles about individual manuscripts and by specific titles and authors. It also provides access to tables of contents organised by year of publication, an alphabetical list of cities and institutes of preservation of manuscripts; and an alphabetical list of reviewers. Contact details and subscription information are available. There is also an online forum for discussions on related subjects, and users will find a list of gateways relating to medieval iconography and codicology.
This is the website of the Società Internazionale per lo Studio del Medioevo Latino (SISMEL) based in Florence, Italy. The website provides information on the Society's activities, events, courses, research fellowships, access to the Society's online library catalogue, and lists of SISMEL's current and past publications, including Edizioni del Galluzzo. Additionally present are links to significant research resources for medieval studies produced by SISMEL. These include: Medioevo Latino (MEL), an annual bibliographical bulletin of European culture from Boethius to Erasmus (6th-15th century); Bibliotheca Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Recentiorisque Aevi (BISLAM); Compendium Auctorum Latinorum Medii Aevi (500-1500) (CALMA); the works, manuscript tradition and life of Gregorio Magno; Guide to patristical Latin manuscripts; Corpus of Latin Rhythmical Texts (4th-9th century); Collection of inventories, catalogues and lists of manuscripts from western medieval libraries (8th-15th century) (RICABIM); Music in the Middle Ages - medieval music bibliographical bulletin (MEM); Biblioteca agiografica italiana (BAI); the Italian Bible; La Mistica; CODEX - an inventory of medieval manuscripts from Tuscany.
The website of the Société des Historiens Médievistes de l'Enseignement Supérieur Public (SHMESP) based in Paris provides information about the Society's members and committees, a list of its publications with links to the tables of contents, a list of doctoral theses in the field, and links to some of the Society's international collaborative programmes. A calendar of events gives details on conferences and coloquia organised by the Society. There is also access to a bibliography, which can be consulted online, but the connection is often unreliable. A few useful links to other online resources of interest and medievalists associations worldwide are also listed.
This is the website of the Society of Scribes, a non-profit educational organisation founded in 1974, based in New York, which promotes the study, teaching and practice of calligraphy and related disciplines. The website provides information about the society's activities and events, a membership and professional directory, joining details, and links to relevant web resources. There is also an online image gallery of calligraphic work done by members of the Society, and a list of publications produced by the Society.
This website provides an index to M. R. James' 'Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of St John's College Cambridge' (1913). Despite the entries being indexed by pressmark alone (ie. they are not searchable by subject or author), the reader has a clear sense of the arrangement of the college's manuscripts and the catalogue entries are written in James' clear, enjoyable style. Additionally, the entries have been usefully supplemented by bibliographic references to scholarship since 1913 and provide corrections to the original catalogue where needed. This portion of James' scholarship has long been out of print and it is a welcome addition to online manuscripts catalogues. From the main page, users can also link to a series of digitised images from the college's Special Collections, covering the Old and New Testaments, Christ and Saints.
The St. Laurentius digital manuscript library project aims to provide free online access to the manuscript collections of Lund University, Sweden. The manuscript library holds 67 volumes from the eleventh-century 'Necrologium Lundense' and the 'Liber daticus Lundensis vetustior' up to sixteenth and seventeenth-century legal, theological, and historical works. The collection contains texts by Cicero, Virgil, Aquinas, Bonaventure, and Boethius, as well as less familiar works such as the Divine Revelations of the Swedish fourteenth-century saint Bridget and a Faroese manuscript containing the Seydhabrevidh, a letter on sheep husbandry. Most of the manuscripts are in Latin, although there are several in Swedish, Danish, Old Norse, German, Dutch, and Russian. The manuscript texts may be searched by keyword or browsed by various criteria. Manuscript pages are viewable as JPG files and may be magnified within the browser window. The image quality is high enough to ensure each manuscript is perfectly readable.
Archives littéraires suisses (ALS) were created in 1989 as part of the Bibliothèque nationale suisse in Berne. The collections concentrate on 20th century literary manuscripts from the four linguistic regions of Switzerland, and consist of over 100 large collections and 120 incomplete collections of interest in particular to those studying literature and journalism. In addition to information about the ALS, its history, acquisition policy, staff and services, the website also gives access to collection level descriptions of the main holdings, and in some cases to more detailed inventories of the collections' content. There is also a list of the ALS' own publications and details about projects under development. Of particular interest to researchers is the Répertoire sommaire des fonds manuscrits conservés dans les bibliothèques et archives de Suisse, a searchable online index to personal and family archives held in over 260 archives, libraries, museums and private collections in Switzerland.
Theleme is an online course offered by École Nationale des Chartes aiming to provide an introduction to various methods and tools for historical research. The course offers: introductory pages by archive and manuscript experts listing techniques and gateways of help to the researcher; a collection of documents, each with a brief description, paleographical commentary, transcription and translation into French, and an interactive digital facsimile; and other tools for research, such as subject bibliographies, including: palaeography; Roman philology; medieval archives; medieval diplomatic; and general archives. The documents available on the site come from the École's own collection of facsimiles covering the period from the 5th to the 15th century, classical and medieval texts, religious and lay texts, both in Latin and in French. The website is simple to navigate, even for those with only basic skills in French language.
This website offers access to outlines of theses written by research students at the École Nationale des Chartes working for their qualification as archivists and palaeographers, from 1849 to the present day. The subject of the theses falls broadly under the following categories: the history and critical study of historical sources; the philology and transmission of texts; cultural heritage documents, written and inscribed; the monumental and artistic heritage.The theses can be accessed through browsing a list of titles arranged chronologically and alphabetically by author, by browsing a theses catalogue, or by searching a theses database. Free access to the online full-text of theses is available only for theses written and published between 1999 and 2003. For the others, an online request form must be completed and submitted before access to the material is allowed. An online document explains the rules and regulations for consulting and using theses from the École's collection.
The Thomas L Gravell Watermark Archive in the Special Collections of the University of Delaware is now available to search online after a cataloguing project. The collection consists of photographic reproductions of over 7,000 watermarks produced before 1835, using a photographic technique developed by Gravell himself. Whilst the original artifacts are spread across several institutions, the University of Delaware holds the images as slides, and the database also includes digitised images of holdings kept elsewhere. The database also includes an inventory and English translation of more than 27,000 unpublished watermark tracings from Charles Moise Briquet from the Biblioteque de Geneve.
In addition to the database itself, the resource includes: a description of the archive and its holdings; bibliographies and a reference material list; autobiographical material on Gravell and Briquet; and a table of watermark descriptors. Users can search the database by watermark, artifact, or descriptor. Results appear as a list, and include a digitised image of the watermark, its catalogue number, and date. The resource would be of value to anyone interested in paper production techniques, and the techniques employed to preserve watermarks.
This database provides a searchable and browsable version of M. R. James' catalogue of the western manuscripts at Trinity College, Cambridge, published between 1900 and 1904. There are also small descriptions of newly acquired manuscripts and recovered binding fragments. James' handwritten notes in the library's unbound copy of the catalogue have also been incorporated. This extraordinary feat of scholarship has long been out of print and making it available in this manner is very welcome indeed. There are over fifteen hundred descriptions, all written in James' engaging style. This site uses Unicode to reproduce Greek, Old English and Hebrew characters.
The UK Archival Thesaurus (UKAT) project provides an online subject thesaurus for the UK archives sector. The controlled vocabulary is based on the UNESCO thesaurus structure with additional subject terms that reflect the usage and practice of archivists from a wide range of institutions as well as that of users of archives. This website has several facilties including a search and a browse by an alphabetical index and by hierarchy. The thesaurus is a work-in-progress and contributions of new terms and feed-back on existing terminology and structrue are actively sought from registered contributors. Users are able to view terms which have been rejected by the thesaurus, and can read project news and development information. The resource would be of value to any professional, tutor, or student in the archives sector.
Umilta is a selection of twelve interwoven websites on ancient religious texts. Users will find online, illustrated articles on: Julian of Norwich; St Brigitta of Sweden; women and the bible; Benedictinism; and the British Library Amherst Manuscript Project. Users will also find a bibliography section and a selection of book reviews. The resource is vast, and the multiple links in the body of texts and numerous title headings can make it confusing to navigate. Nevertheless, manuscript scholars will find voice recordings of chants and texts, images of illuminated manuscripts and icons, translations of texts, and numerous links to other web resources of interest (such as archive catalogues). The resource would be of value to anyone with an interest in religious manuscripts, if enough time is invested to navigate the site's often confusing layout.
The website of the Center for the Book at the University of Iowa represents a community of faculty, staff, students, and local book specialists with diverse interests in all facets of book production, distribution, and use. The information on the website includes: a directory of staff, students and people connected with the Center; a list of undergraduate, postgraduate and various training courses on offer; a list of programmes and events, descriptions of the facilities at the Center; a catalogue of books and tools for sale at the Center; and links to other sites of interest. The website would be of interest to anoyone with an interest in books, papermaking or printing.
This website describes the special collections and archives held at the University of Leicester Library. There is a particular strength in holdings related to Leicester, from personal papers of local literary figures Sue Townsend and Joe Orton to archives relating to the history of science and medicine in the area. The collection is more wide ranging than this however, encompassing labour history, European history, 12th-20th century manuscripts, 17th century prints, incunabula and early children's books. As well as briefly describing the contents of each named collection, the website includes access information.
The Lydgate Manuscript website provides digital images of the University of Victoria Special Collections manuscript (SC 070) Fall of Princes (2nd half of 15th c.) by John Lydgate (ca.1370-1449) together with some background information about the manuscript's condition. The complete manuscript may be viewed in thumbnail, medium, and large sizes. There are sections on the restoration of the manuscript, the materials used, the collation of the pages, and the watermarks of the paper. The processes of medieval papermaking are briefly outlined. An extensive bibliography lists publications relevant to the historical background of the manuscript, the literary background to the text, and editions and criticism of Lydgate's writings. Some sections of the site remain incomplete, however, such as the history of the manuscript, and Lydgate's biography. Therefore, the resource will be of use to students and tutors familiar with the importance of the text itself.
Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Tirol is the public website of the manuscript and rare book library of the University of Innsbruck. The site gives an overview of the library's history, holdings, access and services, as well as more detailed information on some of its manuscript projects. The manuscript holdings are significant and include over 1,000 manuscripts of which a large proportion are medieval. There are also over 60 illuminated manuscripts in the collection. The library and its manuscripts have been the subject of scholarly articles and studies over the years. These studies have been usefully compiled in a bibliography, which is available online. A project to create a catalogue of the Innsbruck library's manuscript holdings is under way and detailed information about this is given on the site. There is also a listing of similar manuscript libraries in the whole of the Tirol region.
This online German-language resource is a catalogue of manuscript fragments, ranging from the 7th to the 16th centuries, in Salzburg University Library. Catalogue records provide detailed descriptions of content and physical description, and each fragment has been digitised. The fragments are indexed by date of composition (according to century), by language when this is not the predominant Latin (German, French or Italian), author or title of the fragment, classmark, initials, and previous owners. Links to relevant secondary literature are provided, as is information about previous owners. A bibliography of medieval manuscripts in Austria is also provided, covering many academic institutions across the country. Users should note that the resource is only available in German.
Vocabulaire Codicologique is the first hypertext edition (2002-2003) of Denis Muzerelle's "Vocabulaire Codicologique: répertoire méthodique des termes français relatifs aux manuscrits" (Paris, 1985). It is a multilingual thesaurus of specialist terms used for the study of how medieval manuscript books and documents are made. The online edition includes an Italian and a Spanish versions based on books published in 1996 by Marilena Maniaci and 1997 by Pilar Ostos Salcedo respectively. There is currently only a draft English version. The resource is easy to navigate, though best viewed using Internet Explorer as a browser. Terms can be viewed by theme or alphabetically, and each entry is supplemented by an illustration.
This online resource is primarily a digitisation of archival material generated by the German medievalist Walther Holtzmann (1891-1963), manuscript C5 in the library of Monumenta Germaniae Historica. The bulk of this material comprises: Holtzmann's manuscript catalogue of 171 medieval manuscript codices in Merseburg Cathedral Library, ca 1935; notes on codex 105; notes on the "Merseburger Zaubersprüche" (Merseburg spells) in codex 136; notes on the fragment "Annales Ravennatenses" in codex 202; Holtzmann's index and list of illuminations in the codices. There are also six items of correspondence to Holtzmann, 1935-62. Provenance is indexed by the web provider, with links to the relevant codices. Holtzmann's detailed obituary by Theodor Schieffer is reproduced. Users should note that the resource is only available in German.
This is a full-text online version of Prof Julian Brown's essay entitled "What is palaeography" published in "A Palaeographer's View: Selected Writings of Julian Brown", edited by Janet Bately, Michelle Brown and Jane Roberts (London: Harvey Miller, 1993). This text is part of a project wesbite dedicated to history and communication. Prof Brown's article is an understandable and comprehensive introduction to paleography, although more referencing would be welcome. Users will also find a link to a short text on variables involved in document analysis, and from the main page of the host website, it is possible to view images and read introductions (in Spanish) to 16th Century maps of South American cities.
This is a website created and maintained by Giacomo Baroffio, a musicologist and medieval scholar presently teaching at the University of Pavia. The website is dedicated to medieval Italian liturgical music, is in Italian, and is divided into three sections: bibliographies; repertories; and studies. The bibliography is organised chronologically and covers books and articles published between 1964 and 2001. The repertories consist of lists of liturgical manuscripts arranged alphabetically by location and holding institution. The studies section contains the full-text of an article published in "Musica e Storia" in 2000, but more articles are being planned. It is a personal website with a rather basic layout and design, but nonetheless useful for scholars working in this area.
This online searchable database of the papyrus collection of Yale University Beinecke Library is prefaced by a useful introduction to the structure and nature of the catalogue. The collection comprises a considerable corpus of material ranging in date from Pharaonic Egypt to the modern period (post 1798) in a variety of languages: Arabic, Aramaic, Egyptian (hieroglyphic, hieratic and demotic), Greek, Hebrew, Latin, Parthian and Syriac. Each record sheet provides basic information on the papyrus document, including call numbers, genre, language, date, place of origin and relevant publications. The introduction also provides a history of the growth of the papyrus collection since 1889 and an extensive bibliography. Apart from interesting papyrological scholars, the resource will also benefit students of the various ancient and mediaeval cultures represented in the Yale collection. The catalogue page provides a link to the Beinecke Rare Books and Manuscripts Library, which contains details of all the Special Collections housed at Yale University.